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EX-32.3 - EXHIBIT 32.3 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit323q218.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit322q218.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit321q218.htm
EX-31.3 - EXHIBIT 31.3 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit313q218.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit312q218.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - BRT Apartments Corp.exhibit311q218.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý      Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
 
OR
 
o         Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
Commission File Number 001-07172
 
BRT APARTMENTS CORP.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
 
13-2755856
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
60 Cutter Mill Road, Great Neck, NY
 
11021
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
516-466-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý   No o   
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Date File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 
Yes ý   No o 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer ý
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405) of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

o Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No ý
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
14,343,201 Shares of Common Stock,
par value $0.01 per share, outstanding on May 8, 2018



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table of Contents



Page No.
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Item 6.


1



Part I ‑ FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2018
(Unaudited)
 
September 30,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate properties, net of accumulated depreciation
and amortization of $67,643 and $64,290
$
993,250

 
$
902,281

Real estate loan
5,200

 
5,500

Cash and cash equivalents
30,974

 
12,383

Restricted cash
7,702

 
6,151

Deposits and escrows
23,655

 
27,839

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures
20,845

 
21,415

Other assets
7,005

 
9,359

Real estate property held for sale

 
8,969

Total Assets (a)
$
1,088,631

 
$
993,897

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Mortgages payable, net of deferred costs of $6,550 and $6,345
$
743,225

 
$
697,826

Junior subordinated notes, net of deferred costs of $372 and $382
37,028

 
37,018

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
17,002

 
22,348

Total Liabilities (a)
797,255

 
757,192

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies

 

Equity:
 
 
 
BRT Apartments Corp. stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred shares $.01 par value 2,000 shares authorized, none outstanding

 

  Common stock, $.01 par value, 300,000 shares authorized;
 
 
 
    13,575 and 13,333 shares outstanding
136

 
133

Additional paid-in capital
203,838

 
201,910

Accumulated other comprehensive income
2,132

 
1,000

Accumulated deficit
(10,967
)
 
(37,047
)
Total BRT Apartments Corp. stockholders’ equity
195,139

 
165,996

Non-controlling interests
96,237

 
70,709

Total Equity
291,376

 
236,705

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
1,088,631

 
$
993,897


(a)
The Company's consolidated balance sheets include the assets and liabilities of consolidated variable interest entities (VIEs). See note 6. The consolidated balance sheets include the following amounts related to the Company's VIEs as of March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, respectively: $625,714 and $707,546 of real estate properties, $9,228 and $8,626 of cash and cash equivalents, $8,632 and $13,873 of deposits and escrows, $5,765 and $8,148 of other assets, $0 and $8,969 of real estate properties held for sale, $479,093 and $558,568 of mortgages payable and $7,550 and $14,419 of accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental and other revenues from real estate properties
$
29,476

 
$
24,702

 
$
57,638

 
$
49,731

Other income
175

 
181

 
362

 
792

Total revenues
29,651

 
24,883

 
58,000

 
50,523

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate operating expenses - including $836 and $641 to related parties for the three months ended and $1,621 and $1,252 for the six months ended
14,198

 
11,909

 
27,545

 
24,355

Interest expense
8,657

 
6,402

 
16,637

 
13,089

General and administrative - including $146 and $103 to related parties for the three months ended and $228 and $182 for the six months ended
2,453

 
2,390

 
4,756

 
4,987

Depreciation
9,240

 
7,772

 
17,888

 
14,069

Total expenses
34,548

 
28,473

 
66,826

 
56,500

Total revenue less total expenses
(4,897
)
 
(3,590
)
 
(8,826
)
 
(5,977
)
   Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures
(63
)
 

 
(88
)
 

   Gain on sale of real estate
51,981

 

 
64,500

 
35,838

   Gain on insurance recovery
3,227

 

 
3,227

 

    Loss on extinguishment of debt
(593
)
 

 
(850
)
 
(799
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
49,655

 
(3,590
)
 
57,963

 
29,062

   Income tax (benefit) provision
(253
)
 
1,108

 
(147
)
 
1,458

Net income (loss) from continuing operations, net of taxes
49,908

 
(4,698
)
 
58,110

 
27,604

Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(24,686
)
 
469

 
(26,537
)
 
(16,063
)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
25,222

 
$
(4,229
)
 
$
31,573

 
$
11,541

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
14,242,076

 
14,018,099

 
14,131,050

 
13,957,706

Diluted
14,442,076

 
14,018,099

 
14,331,050

 
13,957,706

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per share amounts attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.77

 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
2.23

 
$
0.83

Diluted
$
1.75

 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
2.20

 
$
0.83

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income (loss)
$
49,908

 
$
(4,698
)
 
$
58,110

 
$
27,604

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on derivative instruments
1,132

 
135

 
1,634

 
3,403

Other comprehensive income
1,132

 
135

 
1,634

 
3,403

Comprehensive income (loss)
51,040

 
(4,563
)
 
59,744

 
31,007

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests
(25,032
)
 
144

 
(27,039
)
 
(17,387
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
26,008

 
$
(4,419
)
 
$
32,705

 
$
13,620


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


4



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY
Six Months Ended March 31, 2018
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)

 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Accumulated Deficit
 

Non- Controlling Interest
 
Total
Balances, September 30, 2017
$
133

 
$
201,910

 
$
1,000

 
$
(37,047
)
 
$
70,709

 
$
236,705

Distributions - common stock - $0.38 per share

 

 

 
(5,493
)
 

 
(5,493
)
Restricted stock vesting
1

 
(1
)
 

 

 

 

Compensation expense - restricted stock and restricted stock units

 
612

 

 

 

 
612

Contributions from non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 
22,623

 
22,623

Consolidation of investment in limited partnership

 

 

 

 
12,370

 
12,370

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 
(36,336
)
 
(36,336
)
Purchase of non-controlling interest

 
(82
)
 

 

 
(168
)
 
(250
)
Shares issued through equity offering program, net
2

 
1,399

 

 

 

 
1,401

Net income

 

 

 
31,573

 
26,537

 
58,110

Other comprehensive income

 

 
1,132

 

 
502

 
1,634


Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 
59,744

Balances, March 31, 2018
$
136

 
$
203,838

 
$
2,132

 
$
(10,967
)
 
$
96,237

 
$
291,376

 
    See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited) (Dollars in Thousands)
 
Six Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 Net income
$
58,110

 
$
27,604

 Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
  Depreciation
17,888

 
14,069

  Amortization of deferred borrowing fees
742

 
535

  Amortization of restricted stock and restricted stock units
613

 
710

  Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures
88

 

  Gain on sale of real estate
(64,500
)
 
(35,838
)
  Gain on insurance recovery
(3,227
)
 

  Loss on extinguishment of debt
850

 
799

 Increases and decreases from changes in other assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
  Decrease in interest receivable

 
2,324

  Decrease in deposits and escrows
7,745

 
5,871

  Decrease in other assets
7,230

 
1,154

  Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(5,565
)
 
(5,662
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
19,974

 
11,566

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
  Collections from real estate loan
300

 
13,600

  Additions to real estate properties
(125,901
)
 
(60,580
)
  Net costs capitalized to real estate properties
(5,247
)
 
(5,430
)
  (Increase) decrease in restricted cash
(1,551
)
 
764

  Investment in limited partnership
(12,370
)
 

  Purchase of non-controlling interests
(250
)
 

  Consolidation of investment in limited partnership
1,279

 

  Net proceeds from the sale of real estate properties
168,691

 
128,647

  Distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures
482

 
166

  Contributions to unconsolidated joint ventures

 
(14,394
)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
25,433

 
62,773

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
  Proceeds from mortgages payable
78,945

 
40,363

  Mortgage payoffs
(84,727
)
 
(79,215
)
  Mortgage principal payments
(2,525
)
 
(2,539
)
  Increase in deferred financing costs
(817
)
 
(719
)
  Dividends paid
(5,380
)
 

  Contributions from non-controlling interests
22,623

 
6,398

  Distributions to non-controlling interests
(36,336
)
 
(22,832
)
Proceeds from the sale of common stock
1,401

 

  Repurchase of shares of beneficial interest/common stock

 
(47
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(26,816
)
 
(58,591
)
 
 
 
 
  Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
18,591

 
15,748

  Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
12,383

 
27,399

  Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
30,974

 
$
43,147




BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - CONTINUED
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Thousands)
 
Six Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
  Cash paid during the period for interest, net of capitalized interest of $0 and $84, respectively
$
15,859

 
$
12,536

  Taxes paid
$
39

 
1,778

  Acquisition of real estate through assumption of debt
$

 
$
27,638

 
 
 
 
Consolidation of investment in limited partnership:
 
 
 
Increase in real estate assets
$
(72,395
)
 
$

Increase in deposits and escrows
(3,561
)
 

Increase in other assets
(20
)
 

Increase in mortgage payable
53,060

 

Increase in deferred financing costs
(657
)
 

Increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
112

 

Increase in non controlling interest
12,370

 

Decrease in investment in limited partnership
12,370

 

  Increase in cash upon consolidation of limited partnership
$
1,279

 
$



See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6



BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2018

Note 1 – Organization and Background

BRT Apartments Corp. (the "Company"), a Maryland corporation, owns, operates and develops multi‑family properties. The Company conducts its operations to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes.
Generally, the multi-family properties are acquired with joint venture partners in transactions in which the Company contributes a significant portion of the equity. At March 31, 2018, the Company owns: (a) 34 multi-family properties with 9,632 units (including 445 units at two properties engaged in lease-up activities and 402 units at a property under development), located in 11 states with a carrying value of $982,801,000; and (b) interests in three unconsolidated multi-family joint ventures with a carrying value of $20,637,000.

Note 2 – Basis of Preparation

The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2018, and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, reflect all normal recurring adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such interim periods. The results of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. The consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2017, has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") for complete financial statements.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of the Company, its wholly owned subsidiaries, and its majority owned or controlled real estate entities and its interests in variable interest entities ("VIEs") in which the Company is determined to be the primary beneficiary. Material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
The Company’s consolidated joint ventures that own multi‑family properties were determined to be VIEs because the voting rights of some equity investors in the applicable joint venture entity are not proportional to their obligations to absorb the expected losses of the entity and their right to receive the expected residual returns. It was determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary of these joint ventures because it has a controlling interest in that it has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity's economic performance and it has the obligation to absorb losses of the entity and the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
The joint ventures that own properties in Ocoee, FL, Lawrenceville, GA, Dallas, TX and St. Louis, MO were determined not to be a VIEs but are consolidated because the Company has controlling rights in such entities.
With respect to its unconsolidated joint ventures, as (i) the Company is primarily the managing member but does not exercise substantial operating control over these entities or the Company is not the managing member and (ii) such entities are not VIEs, the Company has determined that such joint ventures should be accounted for under the equity method of accounting for financial statement purposes.

The distributions to each joint venture partner are determined pursuant to the applicable operating agreement and may not be pro-rata to the percentage equity interest each partner has in the applicable venture.     
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Substantially all of the Company's assets are comprised of multi- family real estate assets generally leased to tenants on a one year basis. Therefore, the Company aggregates real estate assets for reporting purposes and operates in one reportable segment.

Note 3 ‑ Equity

Equity Distribution Agreements

On January 11, 2018, the Company entered into equity distribution agreements with three sales agents to sell up to an aggregate of $20,000,000 of its common stock from time-to-time in an at-the-market offering. In the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company sold 113,566 shares of common stock for net proceeds of $1,401,000, after giving effect to commissions of

7



$30,000 and estimated offering costs (i.e. professional and related fees) of $63,000. From April 1, 2018 through May 8, 2018, the Company sold 62,400 shares of common stock for net proceeds of $734,000, after giving effect to commissions of $16,000.

Common Stock Dividend Distribution

The Company declared a quarterly cash distribution of $0.20 per share, payable on April 6, 2018, to stockholders of record on March 27, 2018.

Stock Based Compensation

The Company's Amended and Restated 2018 Incentive Plan (the "2018 Plan") permits the Company to grant: (i) stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance share awards and any one or more of the foregoing, up to a maximum of 600,000 shares; and (ii) cash settled dividend equivalent rights in tandem with the grant of restricted stock units and certain performance based awards.
Restricted Stock Units
In June 2016, the Company issued restricted stock units (the "Units") to acquire up to 450,000 shares of common stock pursuant to the 2016 Amended and Restated Incentive Plan (the "2016 Incentive Plan") . The Units entitle the recipients, subject to continued service through the March 31, 2021 vesting date, to receive (i) the underlying shares if and to the extent certain performance and/or market conditions are satisfied at the vesting date, and (ii) an amount equal to the cash dividends paid from the grant date through the vesting date with respect to the shares of common stock underlying the Units if, when, and to the extent, the related Units vest. For financial statement purposes, because the Units are not participating securities, the shares underlying the Units are excluded in the outstanding shares reflected on the consolidated balance sheet and from the calculation of basic earnings per share. The shares underlying the Units are contingently issuable shares and 200,000 of these shares have been included in the diluted earnings per share as the market conditions with respect to such units had been met at March 31, 2018.
Expense is recognized over the five year vesting period on the Units which the Company expects to vest. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $73,000 and $110,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $146,000 and $220,000, respectively, of compensation expense related to the amortization of unearned compensation with respect to the Units. At March 31, 2018, and September 30, 2017, $870,000 and $1,015,000 of compensation expense, respectively, had been deferred and will be charged to expense over the remaining vesting period.
Restricted Stock
In March 2018, the Company granted 144,797 shares of restricted stock pursuant to the 2018 Incentive Plan. As of March 31, 2018, an aggregate of 706,247 shares of unvested restricted stock are outstanding pursuant to the 2018 Incentive Plan, 2016 Incentive Plan and 2012 Incentive Plan. No additional awards may be granted under the 2016 Incentive Plan and 2012 Incentive Plan. All shares of restricted stock vest five years from the date of grant and under specified circumstances, including a change in control, may vest earlier. For financial statement purposes, the restricted stock is not included in the outstanding shares shown on the consolidated balance sheets until they vest, but are included in the earnings per share computation.    
For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $224,000 and $276,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded $467,000 and $490,000, respectively, of compensation expense related to the amortization of unearned compensation with respect to the restricted stock awards. At March 31, 2018, and September 30, 2017, $3,603,000 and $2,356,000 has been deferred as unearned compensation and will be charged to expense over the remaining vesting periods of these restricted stock awards. The weighted average remaining vesting period of these shares of restricted stock is 3.5 years.

Stock Buyback
On September 5, 2017, the Board of Directors approved a repurchase plan authorizing the Company, effective as of October 1, 2017, to repurchase up to $5,000,000 of shares of common stock through September 30, 2019. No shares have been repurchased pursuant to this plan.



8




Per Share Data
Basic earnings per share is determined by dividing net income applicable to common stockholders for the applicable period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during such period. The Units are excluded from the basic earnings per share calculation, as they are not participating securities. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into shares of common stock or resulted in the issuance of shares of common stock that share in the earnings of the Company. Diluted earnings per share is determined by dividing net income applicable to common stockholders for the applicable period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding and deemed to be outstanding during such period. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2018, the Company included 200,000 shares of common stock underlying the Units in the calculation of diluted earning per share as a market criteria, with respect to such units, has been met at March 31, 2018.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (dollars in thousands, except share amounts):     
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Six Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders:
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
$
25,222

 
$
(4,229
)
 
31,573

 
11,541

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic earnings (loss) per share—weighted average number of shares
14,242,076

 
14,018,099

 
14,131,050

 
13,957,706

Effect of diluted securities
200,000

 

 
200,000

 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share—adjusted weighted average number of shares and assumed conversions
14,442,076

 
14,018,099

 
14,331,050

 
13,957,706

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share
$
1.77

 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
2.23

 
$
0.83

Diluted earnings (loss) per share
$
1.75

 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
2.20

 
$
0.83


Note 4 ‑ Real Estate Properties

Real estate properties (including properties held for sale) consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Land
 
$
157,105

 
$
138,094

Building
 
874,679

 
808,366

Building improvements
 
29,109

 
31,411

  Real estate properties
 
1,060,893

 
977,871

Accumulated depreciation
 
(67,643
)
 
(66,621
)
  Total real estate properties, net
 
$
993,250

 
$
911,250



9



A summary of real estate properties owned (including properties held for sale) follows (dollars in thousands):
      


 

September 30, 2017
Balance
 



Additions
 

Capitalized Costs and Improvements
 
Depreciation
 
Sales
 

March 31, 2018
Balance
Multi-family
 
$
890,300

 
$
185,415

 
$
5,247

 
$
(17,833
)
 
$
(103,655
)
 
$
959,474

Multi-family development - West Nashville, TN
 
10,448

 
12,881

 

 

 

 
23,329

Land - Daytona, FL
 
8,021

 

 

 

 

 
8,021

Shopping centers/Retail - Yonkers, NY
 
2,481

 

 

 
(55
)
 

 
2,426

Total real estate properties
 
$
911,250

 
$
198,296

 
$
5,247

 
$
(17,888
)
 
$
(103,655
)
 
$
993,250

        

The following table summarizes the allocation of the purchase price of four properties purchased during the six months ended March 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Purchase Price Allocation
Land
 
$
37,282

Building and improvements
 
140,027

Acquisition-related intangible assets
 
3,992

Total consideration
 
$
181,301


As result of the damage caused by Hurricane Harvey in 2017, the Company reduced the carrying value of Retreat at Cinco Ranch, located in Katy, TX by $3,471,000 and, because the Company believed it was probable that it would recover such sum from its insurance coverage, recognized such sum in insurance recoveries. Through March 31, 2018, the Company received $7,384,000 in insurance recoveries related to Hurricane Harvey, of which $3,227,000 is recorded as a gain on insurance recovery in the three and six months ended March 31, 2018 and $686,000 has been recognized as rental income (i.e. $98,000 in 2017 and $294,000 and $588,000 in the three and six months ended March 31, 2018, respectively.)

Note 5 ‑ Acquisitions and Dispositions

Property Acquisitions

The table below provides information regarding the Company's purchases of multi-family properties for the six months ended March 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
Location
 
Purchase Date
 
No. of Units
 
Purchase Price
 
Acquisition Mortgage Debt
 
Initial BRT Equity
 
Ownership Percentage
 
Capitalized Acquisition Costs
Madison, AL
 
12/7/2017
 
204

 
$
18,420

 
$
15,000

 
$
4,456

 
80
%
 
$
247

Boerne, TX (a)
 
12/14/2017
 
120

 
12,000

 
9,200

 
3,780

 
80
%
 
244

Ocoee, FL
 
2/7/2018
 
522

 
71,347

 
53,060

 
12,370

 
50
%
 
1,047

Lawrenceville, GA
 
2/15/2018
 
586

 
77,229

 
54,447

 
15,179

 
50
%
 
767

 
 
 
 
1,432

 
$
178,996

 
$
131,707

 
$
35,785

 
 
 
$
2,305

_________________________________
(a) Includes $500 for the acquisition of a land parcel adjacent to the property.

In the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company purchased its partner's 2.5% interest in Avalon Apartments, located in Pensacola, FL., for $250,000.

On April 30, 2018, the Company acquired, through a joint venture in which it has a 80% equity interest, a 208-unit multi-family property located in Daytona, FL, for $20,500,000, including the assumption of $13,608,000 of mortgage debt. The mortgage

10



debt matures in May 2025, bears interest at a fixed rate of 3.94%, is interest only for two years, and thereafter amortizes based on a 30-year schedule. The Company contributed $6,900,000 for its ownership interest.
 
The table below provides information regarding the Company's purchases of multi-family properties during the six months ended March 31, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
Location
 
Purchase Date
 
No. of Units
 
Purchase Price
 
Acquisition Mortgage Debt
 
Initial BRT Equity
 
Ownership Percentage
 
Capitalized Acquisition Costs
Fredricksburg, VA
 
11/4/2016
 
220

 
$
38,490

 
$
29,940

 
$
8,720

 
80
%
 
$
643

St. Louis, MO
 
2/28/2017
 
128

 
27,000

 
20,000

 
6,001

 
75.5
%
 
423

St. Louis, MO
 
2/28/2017
 
53

 
8,000

 
6,200

 
2,002

 
75.5
%
 
134

 
 
 
 
401

 
$
73,490

 
$
56,140

 
$
16,723

 
 
 
$
1,200


Property Dispositions

The following table is a summary of real estate properties disposed of by the Company during the six months ended March 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
Location
Sale
Date
 
No. of
Units
 
Sales Price
 
Gain on Sale
 
Non-controlling partner portion of gain
Melbourne, FL
10/25/2017
 
208

 
$
22,250

 
$
12,519

 
$
2,504

Palm Beach Gardens, FL
2/5/2018
 
542

 
97,200

 
41,830

 
20,593

Valley, AL
2/23/2018
 
618

 
51,000

 
9,712

 
4,547

Fort Washington
1/18/2018
 
1

 
470

 
439

 

 
 
 
1,369

 
$
170,920

 
$
64,500

 
$
27,644


The following table is a summary of the real estate properties disposed of by the Company during the six months ended March 31, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
Location
Sale
Date
 
No. of
Units
 
Sales Price
 
Gain on Sale
 
Non-controlling partner portion of gain
Greenville, SC
10/19/2016
 
350

 
$
68,000

 
$
18,483

 
$
9,329

Panama City, FL
10/26/2016
 
160

 
14,720

 
7,393

 
3,478

Atlanta, GA
11/21/2016
 
350

 
36,750

 
8,905

 
4,166

Hixson,TN
11/30/2016
 
156

 
10,775

 
608

 
152

New York, NY
12/21/2016
 
1

 
465

 
449

 

 
 
 
1,017

 
$
130,710

 
$
35,838

 
$
17,125


Impairment Charges

The Company reviews each real estate asset owned, including those held through investments in unconsolidated joint ventures, for impairment when there is an event or a change in circumstances indicating that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company measures and records impairment losses, and reduces the carrying value of properties, when indicators of impairment are present and the expected undiscounted cash flows related to those properties are less than their carrying amounts. In cases where the Company does not expect to recover its carrying costs on properties held for use, the Company reduces its carrying costs to fair value, and for properties held for sale, the Company reduces its carrying value to the fair value less costs to sell. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, no impairment charges were recorded.

Note 6 - Variable Interest Entities

The Company conducts a large portion of its business with joint venture partners. Many of the Company's consolidated joint ventures that own properties were determined to be variable interest entities ("VIEs") because the voting rights of some equity partners are not proportional to their obligations to absorb the expected loses of the entity and their rights to receive expected

11



residual returns. It was determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary of these joint venture because it has a controlling financial interest in that it has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impacts the entity's economic performance and it has the obligation to absorb losses of the entity and the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

The following is a summary of the carrying amounts with respect to the consolidated VIEs and their classification on the Company's consolidated balance sheets (amounts in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2018 (unaudited)
 
September 30, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Real estate properties, net of accumulated depreciation of $48,037 and $52,873
 
$
625,714

 
$
707,546

Cash and cash equivalents
 
9,228

 
8,626

Deposits and escrows
 
8,632

 
13,873

Other assets
 
5,765

 
8,148

Real estate properties held for sale
 

 
8,969

  Total Assets
 
$
649,339

 
$
747,162

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Mortgages payable, net of deferred costs of $4,189 and $5,170
 
$
479,093

 
$
558,568

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
7,550

 
14,419

   Total Liabilities
 
$
486,643

 
$
572,987



Note 7 - Real Estate Property Held For Sale
    
At September 30, 2017, Waverly Place Apartments, Melbourne, FL, with a book value of $8,969,000, was held for sale. This property was sold on October 25, 2017. The Company did not have any properties that met the criteria for held-for-sale classification at March 31, 2018.

Note 8 - Restricted Cash
Restricted cash represents funds held for specific purposes and are therefore not generally available for general corporate purposes. The restricted cash reflected on the consolidated balance sheets represents funds that are held by or on behalf of the Company specifically for capital improvements at certain multi-family properties.

Note 9 – Investment in Unconsolidated Ventures

The Company has interests in unconsolidated joint ventures that own multi-family properties. The table below provides information regarding these joint ventures at March 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):    
Location
 
Number of Units
 
Carrying Value
 
Mortgage Debt
 
Percent Ownership
Columbia, SC
 
374

 
$
4,832

 
$
41,000

 
32
%
Columbia, SC (a)
 
339

 
8,665

 

 
46
%
Forney, TX (b)
 
313

 
7,140

 
25,350

 
50
%
Other investments
 
N/A

 
208

 
N/A

 
N/A

 
 
1,026

 
$
20,845

 
$
66,350

 
 
__________________________
(a)
Reflects land purchased for a development project at which construction of 339 units is planned. Construction financing for this project of up to $47,426 has been secured. Such financing bears interest at 4.08% and matures in June 2020. At March 31, 2018, no amounts have been drawn on this financing.
(b)
This interest is held through a tenancy-in-common.

The net loss from these ventures was $63,000 and $0 in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $88,000 and $0, respectively.

12





Note 10 – Debt Obligations

Debt obligations consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Mortgages payable
 
$
749,775

 
$
704,171

Junior subordinated notes
 
37,400

 
37,400

Deferred mortgage costs
 
(6,922
)
 
(6,727
)
Total debt obligations, net of deferred costs
 
$
780,253

 
$
734,844


Mortgages Payable
    
During the six months ended March 31, 2018, the Company obtained the following mortgage debt in connection with the related property acquisitions (dollars in thousands):
Location
 
Closing Date
 
Acquisition Mortgage Debt
 
Interest Rate
 
Interest only period
 
Maturity Date
Madison, AL
 
12/7/17
 
$
15,000

 
4.08
%
 
60 months
 
January 2028
Boerne, TX (a)
 
12/14/17
 
9,200

 
    LIBOR+ 2.39%

 
36 months
 
January 2028
Ocoee, FL
 
2/7/18
 
53,060

 
3.90
%
 
84 months
 
January 2028
Lawrenceville, GA
 
2/15/18
 
54,447

 
3.97
%
 
120 months
 
March 2028
 
 
 
 
$
131,707

 


 

 
 
_____________________________
(a) The Company entered into an agreement related to this loan to cap LIBOR at 3.86%. See Note 13.

The Company has two construction loans financing two separate construction projects. Information regarding these loans at March 31, 2018 is set forth below (dollars in thousand):
Location
 
Closing Date
 
Maximum Loan Amount
 
Amount outstanding
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Extension Option
N Charleston, SC (a)
 
10/13/2015
 
$
30,265

 
$
29,890

 
LIBOR + 1.70%
 
10/13/2019
 
1 year
Nashville,TN
 
6/2/2017
 
47,426

 

 
LIBOR + 2.85%
 
6/2/2020
 
N/A
 
 
 
 
$
77,691

 
$
29,890

 
 
 
 
 
 
_____________________
(a) Currently in lease up.    


Junior Subordinated Notes

At March 31, 2018, and September 30, 2017, the Company's junior subordinated notes had an outstanding principal balance of $37,400,000, before deferred financing costs of $372,000 and $382,000, respectively. At March 31, 2018, the interest rate on the outstanding balance is three month LIBOR + 2.00%, or 3.77%.

The junior subordinated notes require interest only payments through the maturity date of April 30, 2036, at which time repayment of the outstanding principal and unpaid interest become due. Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, which includes amortization of deferred costs, was $352,000 and $287,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $682,000 and $561,000, respectively.




Note 11 – Related Party Transactions

13




The Company has retained certain of its executive officers and Fredric H. Gould, a director, to provide, among other things, the following services: participating in the Company's multi-family property analysis and approval process (which includes service on the investment committee), providing investment advice, long-term planning and consulting with executives and employees with respect to other business matters, as required. The aggregate fees paid for these services in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $317,000 and $302,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $619,000 and $589,000, respectively.

Management of certain properties owned by the Company and certain joint venture properties is provided by Majestic Property Management Corp. ("Majestic Property"), a company wholly owned by Fredric H. Gould, under renewable year-to-year agreements. Certain of the Company's officers and directors are also officers and directors of Majestic Property. Majestic Property may also provide real estate brokerage and construction supervision services to these properties. These fees amounted to $10,000 and $8,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, were $19,000 and $16,000, respectively.
The Company shares facilities, personnel and other resources with One Liberty Properties, Inc., Majestic Property, and Gould Investors L.P. Certain of our executive officers and/or directors also serve in management positions, and have ownership interests, in One Liberty and/or Georgetown Partners Inc., the managing partner of Gould Investors L.P. The allocation of expenses for the facilities, personnel and other resources shared by the Company, One Liberty and Gould Investors is computed in accordance with a shared services agreement by and among the Company and these entities and is included in general and administrative expense on the consolidated statements of operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, net allocated general and administrative expenses reimbursed by the Company to Gould Investors L.P. pursuant to the shared services agreement aggregated $147,000 and $103,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $228,000 and $182,000, respectively.
Management of many of the Company's multi-family properties (including two multi-family properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures) is performed by the Company's joint venture partners or their affiliates. None of these joint venture partners is Gould Investors L.P., Majestic Property or their affiliates. Management fees to these related parties for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $908,000 and $672,000, respectively, and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 were $1,767,000 and $1,296,000. In addition, the Company may pay an acquisition fee to a joint venture partner in connection with a property purchased by such joint venture. Capitalized acquisition fees to these related parties for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, were $1,300,000 and $350,000, respectively, and for six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, were $1,530,000 and $650,000, respectively.

Note 12 – Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Financial Instruments Not Carried at Fair Value

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets:

Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable (included in other assets), accounts payable and accrued liabilities: The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for these instruments approximate their fair value due to the short term nature of these accounts.

Junior subordinated notes: At March 31, 2018 and September 30, 2017, the estimated fair value of the notes is lower than their carrying value by approximately $12,865,000 and $15,705,000 based on a market interest rate of 7.18% and 6.37%, respectively.

Mortgages payable: At March 31, 2018, the estimated fair value of the Company’s mortgages payable is lower than their carrying value by approximately $23,145,000 assuming market interest rates between 3.99% and 5.66% and at September 30, 2017, the estimated fair value of the Company's mortgages payable was lower than their carrying value by approximately $11,400,000 assuming market interest rates between 3.78% and 5.02%. Market interest rates were determined using rates which the Company believes reflects institutional lender yield requirements at the balance sheet dates.

Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair value. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on the estimated fair value assumptions.



14



Financial Instruments Carried at Fair Value

The Company’s fair value measurements are based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. As a basis for considering market participant assumptions in fair value measurements, there is a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between market participant assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market participant assumptions. Level 1 assets/liabilities are valued based on quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets, Level 2 assets/liabilities are valued based on quoted prices in active markets for similar instruments, on quoted prices in less active or inactive markets, or on other “observable” market inputs, and Level 3 assets/liabilities are valued based significantly on “unobservable” market inputs. The Company does not currently own any financial instruments that are classified as Level 3. Set forth below is information regarding the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of March 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):



Carrying and Fair Value
 
Fair Value Measurements
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
Financial Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
$
3,070

 

 
$
3,070

Interest rate cap
9

 

 
9

   Total Financial Assets
$
3,079

 

 
$
3,079

 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap
$

 

 
$


Derivative financial instruments: Fair values are approximated using widely accepted valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of the derivatives. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves, foreign exchange rates, and implied volatilities. At March 31, 2018, these derivatives are included in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet.

Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with them utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by itself and its counterparties. As of March 31, 2018, the Company assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative position and determined that the credit valuation adjustments are not significant to the overall valuation of its derivatives. As a result, the Company determined that its derivatives valuation is classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Note 13 – Derivative Financial Instruments

Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk

The Company's objective in using interest rate derivatives is to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount.

The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives, designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges, is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income on our consolidated balance sheets and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the change in fair value of the derivatives is recognized directly in earnings.
    

15



As of March 31, 2018, the Company had the following outstanding interest rate derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk (dollars in thousands):
Interest Rate Derivative
 
Notional Amount
 
Fixed Rate
 
Maturity
Interest rate cap on LIBOR
 
$
9,200

 
3.86
%
 
January 1, 2021
Interest rate swap
 
1,387

 
5.25
%
 
April 1, 2022
Interest rate swap
 
26,400

 
3.61
%
 
May 6, 2023
Interest rate swap
 
27,000

 
4.05
%
 
September 19, 2026

The table below presents the fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments as well as its classification on the consolidated balance sheets as of the dates indicated (amounts in thousands):
Derivatives as of:
March 31, 2018
 
September 30, 2017
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
Other Assets
 
$
3,079

 
Other Assets
 
$
1,460

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$

 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
14


As of March 31, 2018, the Company did not have any derivative instruments that were considered to be ineffective and does not use derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.
    
The following table presents the effect of the Company’s interest rate swaps on the consolidated statements of comprehensive (loss) income for the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Amount of gain recognized on derivative in Other Comprehensive Income
 
$
1,132

 
$
65

 
$
1,590

 
$
3,189

Amount of loss reclassified from Accumulated
Other Comprehensive Income into Interest expense
 
$

 
$
70

 
$
44

 
$
214


No gain or loss was recognized related to hedge ineffectiveness or to amounts excluded from effectiveness testing on the Company's cash flow hedges during the three and six months ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017. The Company estimates an additional $294,000 will be reclassified from other comprehensive loss as a decrease to interest expense over the next twelve months.

Credit-risk-related Contingent Features

The agreement between the Company and its derivative counterparties provides that if the Company defaults on any of its indebtedness, including default where repayment of the indebtedness has not been accelerated by the lender, the Company could be declared in default on its derivative obligations.


Note 14 – New Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), prescribes a single, common revenue standards which supersedes nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP, including most industry-specific requirements. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 outlines a five step model to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are required under existing U.S. GAAP. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods therein, using either of the following transition methods: (i) a full retrospective approach reflecting the application of the standard in each prior reporting period with the option to elect certain practical expedients, or (ii) a modified retrospective approach with the cumulative

16



effect of initially adopting ASU 2014-09 recognized at the date of adoption (which includes additional footnote disclosures). We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements and have not yet determined the method by which we will adopt the standard during the year ending September 30, 2019.
    
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases. ASU 2016-02 supersedes the current accounting for leases and while retaining two distinct types of leases, finance and operating, (i) requires lessees to record a right of use asset and a related liability for the rights and obligations associated with a lease, regardless of lease classification, and recognize lease expense in a manner similar to current accounting (ii) eliminates most real estate specific lease provisions, and (iii) aligns many of the underlying lessor model principles with those in the new revenue standard. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. We are required to adopt ASU 2016-02 using the modified retrospective approach which requires us to record leases existing as of or are entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements under the new lease standard. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 on our consolidated financial statements. We believe our adoption of the new leasing standard will result in an immaterial increase in the assets and liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets, with no material impact to our consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force), which provides specific guidance on eight cash flow classification issues and how to reduce diversity in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The effective date of the standard will be fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact, if any, on the consolidated financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU Update No. 2016-018, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, (a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force). The new standard requires that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the combined total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash equivalents. Entities will also be required to reconcile such total to amounts on the balance sheet and disclose relevant information about the nature of the restrictions on the basis of their individual facts and circumstances. The effective date of the standard will be fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, and early adoption is permitted.

 
Note 15 – Subsequent Events

Subsequent events have been evaluated and any significant events, relative to our consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2018, that warrant additional disclosure, have been included in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.



17



Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

With the exception of historical information, this report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provision for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements, which are based on certain assumptions and describe our future plans, strategies and expectations, are generally identifiable by use of the words "may", "will", "believe", "expect", "intend", "anticipate", "estimate", "project", or similar expressions or variations thereof. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which are, in some cases, beyond our control and which could materially affect actual results, performance or achievements. Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements and are urged to read “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2017 and in reports filed with the SEC thereafter.

Overview

General

We are an internally managed real estate investment trust, also known as a REIT, that is focused on the ownership, operation and development of multi‑family properties. These activities are conducted primarily through joint ventures in which we have a substantial ownership position. At March 31, 2018, we (i) own 34 multi-family properties located in 11 states with an aggregate of 9,632 units (including 445 units at two properties engaged in lease up activities (i.e., Factory at Garco Park and Vanguard Heights) and 402 units at a property under development (i.e., Bells Bluff)) with a carrying value of $982.8 million and (ii) have ownership interests, through unconsolidated entities, in three multi-family properties with a carrying value of $20.6 million. Most of our properties are located in the southeast United States and Texas.

As used herein, the term "same store properties" refers to operating properties that were owned for the entirety of the periods being presented and excludes properties that were in development or lease up during such periods. Retreat at Cinco Ranch Katy, Texas, has been excluded from same store properties due to the damage it sustained from Hurricane Harvey. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, there were 22 same store properties and for the six months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, there were 21 same store properties.


Hurricane Harvey

In August 2017, Hurricane Harvey caused significant damage to our 268-unit Retreat at Cinco Ranch, Katy, Texas property. Among other things, 96 of our ground floor units were rendered uninhabitable and as a result of the extensive damage to the common areas of the property (i.e., pool and clubhouse), we offered, rent concessions and other accommodations to induce tenancies for the second and third floor units to reside at the property. As a result of the damage caused by the hurricane, we reduced the carrying value of this property by $3.5 million and, because we believed it was probable that we would recover such sum from our insurance coverage, we recognized $3.5 million in insurance recoveries. Through March 31, 2018, we received approximately $7.4 million (including $686,000 in rental income as described below) in insurance recoveries related to the loss, of which $3.2 million is recorded as a gain on insurance recovery in the three and six months ended March 31, 2018.

Our business interruption insurance is covering our losses in rental income with respect to the ground floor units until such units are repaired and accordingly, we continue to accrue revenues to be generated from such units. Through March 31, 2018 we received $686,000 to cover lost rental income, of which $294,000 and $588,000 is recorded as rental income in the three and six months ended March 31, 2018, respectively. We are also seeking to recover from our insurance carriers the cost of rent concessions and other accommodations we previously offered tenants and prospective tenants, which totaled approximately $145,000. As of May 1, 2018, certain common areas have been restored and nine ground floor units have been restored and leased. We anticipate this property will be substantially repaired by September 2018. We continue to negotiate with our insurance carriers to ensure that we are fully compensated for the damages sustained at Retreat at Cinco Ranch as a result of Hurricane Harvey.


18




Status of Lease Up Activities and Development Project

At March 31, 2018, the occupancy rate at Factory at Garco Park and Vanguard Heights, which are in engaged in lease up activities, was 85.2% and 88.5%, respectively.

We anticipate that the buildings at our Bells Bluff development property will be completed from time to time from the end of calendar year 2018 through the end of calendar year 2019.

Dividend Declared During the Quarter Ended March 31, 2018
During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, we declared a quarterly dividend on our common stock of $0.20 per share that was paid on April 6, 2018, to stockholders of record on March 27, 2018. This dividend represented an 11.1% increase from the dividend paid in January 2018.

Acquisitions, Dispositions and Other Developments During the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
Acquisitions

On February 7, 2018, we acquired the Avenue Apartments, a 522-unit multi-family property located in Ocoee, FL, for $71.3 million, including $53.1 million of mortgage debt obtained in connection with the acquisition. Based on our underwriting, we estimate that on a quarterly basis this property will generate $1.6 million of rental revenue, $776,000 of real estate operating expense, $532,000 of interest expense and $948,000 of depreciation expense.

On February 15, 2018, we acquired Parc @ 980, a 586-unit multi-family property located in Lawrenceville, GA, for $77.2 million, including $54.4 million of mortgage debt obtained in connection with the acquisition. Based on our underwriting, we estimate that on a quarterly basis this property will generate $1.8 million of rental revenue, $911,000 of real estate operating expense, $541,000 of interest expense and $1.0 million of depreciation expense.

Dispositions
On February 5, 2018, we sold The Fountains Apartments, a 542-unit multi-family located in Palm Beach Gardens, FL, for a sales price of $97.2 million, and recognized a gain of $41.8 million, of which $20.6 million was allocated to the non-controlling partner. We also incurred $594,000 of mortgage prepayment costs, of which $289,000 was allocated to the non-controlling partner. During the quarter ended December 31, 2017, this property generated $2.3 million of rental revenues, $1.0 million of operating expenses, $463,000 of interest expense and $480,000 of depreciation expense.

On February 23, 2018, we sold Valley Venue Apartments, a 618-unit multi-family located in Valley, AL, for a sales price of $51.0 million, and recognized a gain of $9.7 million, of which $4.5 million was allocated to the non-controlling partner. In the quarter ended December 31, 2017, this property generated $1.5 million of rental revenues, $782,000 of operating expenses, $332,000 of interest expense and $412,000 of depreciation expense.

Generally, in the event of the sale of a multi-family property owned by a joint venture, as a result of allocation/distribution provisions of the applicable joint venture operating agreement, the allocation and distributions of cash and profits to us (as opposed to our joint venture partner) will be less than that implied by our percentage equity interest in the property

Recent Developments

On April 30, 2018, we acquired, through a consolidated joint venture in which we have a 80% equity interest, a 208-unit multi-family property located in Daytona, FL, for $20.5 million, including the assumption of $13.6 million in mortgage debt. The mortgage matures in May 2025, bears interest at a fixed rate of 3.94%, is interest only for two years, and thereafter amortizes based on a 30 year schedule. Based on our underwriting, we estimate that on a quarterly basis this property will generate $605,000 of rental revenue, $298,000 of real estate operating expenses, $134,000 of interest expense and $545,000 and depreciation expense.


19




Results of Operations – Three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to three months ended March 31, 2017.

Revenues

The following table compares our revenues for the periods indicated:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands):
 
2018
 
2017
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
%
Change
Rental and other revenues from real estate properties
 
$
29,476

 
$
24,702

 
$
4,774

 
19.3

Other income
 
175

 
181

 
(6
)
 
(3.3
)
Total revenues
 
$
29,651

 
$
24,883

 
$
4,768

 
19.2


Rental and other revenues from real estate properties.

The increase is due primarily to:

$6.9 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including two properties acquired in the current quarter that contributed $2.7 million of revenues,
$837,000 from Factory at Garco Park that is currently in lease up,
$708,000 from same store properties due to a net increase in rental and occupancy rates - five properties accounted for 63% of the net increase, and
$463,000 from the inclusion, for the entire three months ended March 31, 2018, of two properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period in the prior year.

Offsetting this increase was a decrease of $4.1 million from the six properties sold from January 1, 2017, to March 31, 2018, including $2.1 million from two properties sold in the current quarter.
    
Expenses

The following table compares our expenses for the periods indicated:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
% Change
Real estate operating expenses
 
$
14,198

 
$
11,909

 
$
2,289

 
19.2
Interest expense
 
8,657

 
6,402

 
2,255

 
35.2
General and administrative
 
2,453

 
2,390

 
63

 
2.6
Depreciation
 
9,240

 
7,772

 
1,468

 
18.9
Total expenses
 
$
34,548

 
$
28,473

 
$
6,075

 
21.3
    
Real estate operating expenses.

The increase is due primarily to:
$3.1 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including two properties acquired in the current quarter that accounted for $1.2 million of this increase,
$394,000 from Factory at Garco Park which is currently in lease up,
$316,000 from the inclusion, for the entire three months ended March 31, 2018, of two properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period in the prior year, and
$148,000 from several same store properties due primarily to increased payroll expenses and utilities expense.


Offsetting the increase is $1.6 million of expense related to the the six properties sold from January 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018, including $485,000 from two properties sold in the current quarter.

20




Interest expense.

The increase is due primarily to:
$2.4 million from the mortgage debt on seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including two properties acquired in the current quarter that contributed $875,000 to the increase,
$220,000 of interest expense from Factory at Garco Park - interest of $101,000 on this property was capitalized in the corresponding period of the prior year, and
$193,000 due to the inclusion, for the entire three months ended March 31, 2018, of the mortgage interest on two properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period of the prior year.

Offsetting the increase is a decrease of $637,000 relating to the mortgage debt on six properties sold from January 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018, including $315,000 from two properties sold in the current quarter.

Depreciation.
The increase is due primarily to:
$3.4 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including two properties acquired in the current quarter that accounted for $1,217,000 of the increase,
$266,000 from Factory at Garco Park,which was under development in the corresponding period in the prior year, and is currently in lease-up, and
$251,000 from the inclusion, for the entire three months ended March 31, 2018, of two properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period of the prior year.

Offsetting the increase is a decrease of $1.2 million from properties sold from January 1, 2017, to March 31, 2018, and $1.3 million due to purchase price allocation adjustments made in the corresponding period of the prior year.

Other Income and Expenses

Gain on sale of real estate. The increase is due to the sales described under "Acquisitions, Dispositions and Other Developments During the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 - Dispositions" and a $438,000 gain from the sale of a cooperative apartment unit. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 there were no comparable sales.
Gain on insurance recovery. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we recognized a $3.2 million gain from the receipt of insurance proceeds related to Retreat at Cinco Ranch - Katy, Texas representing the proceeds received in excess of the assets written off.
Loss on extinguishment of debt. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we incurred $593,000 of mortgage prepayment charges in connection with the sale of The Fountain Apartments-Palm Beach Gardens, FL. There was no corresponding charge in the three months ended March 31, 2017.
Income tax (benefit) provision . In the three months ended March 31, 2018, we received a refund of state taxes related to a prior year. The three months ended March 31, 2017, reflects state taxes paid as a result of income recognized at the state level, primarily from gains on property sales.

21




Results of Operations – Six months ended March 31, 2018, compared to six months ended March 31, 2017.

Revenues

The following table compares our revenues for the periods indicated:
 
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands):
 
2018
 
2017
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
%
Change
Rental and other revenues from real estate properties
 
$
57,638

 
$
49,731

 
$
7,907

 
15.9

Other income
 
362

 
792

 
(430
)
 
(54.3
)
Total revenues
 
$
58,000

 
$
50,523

 
$
7,477

 
14.8


Rental and other revenues from real estate properties.

The increase is due primarily to:
$10.6 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including $3.8 million from the four properties acquired during the current period,
$1.8 million from the inclusion, for the entire six months ended March 31, 2018, of three properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period in the prior year,
$1.5 million from Factory at Garco Park that is currently in lease up, and
$1.4 million from same store properties due to a net increase in rental and occupancy rates - eight properties accounted for over 75% of the net increase.

Offsetting this increase were decreases of:
$4.0 million from the seven properties sold during the twelve months ended September 30, 2017,
$3.1 million from three properties sold during the six months ended March 31, 2018, and
$255,000 from reduced rental income at Retreat at Cinco Ranch primarily due to rent concessions and the loss of ancillary tenant income due to reduced occupancy.

Other Income.

The decrease is due to reduced interest income on our loan to the Newark Joint Venture primarily as a result of the $13.6 million paydown in December 2016.

Expenses

The following table compares our expenses for the periods indicated:
 
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
% Change
Real estate operating expenses
 
$
27,545

 
$
24,355

 
$
3,190

 
13.1

Interest expense
 
16,637

 
13,089

 
3,548

 
27.1

General and administrative
 
4,756

 
4,987

 
(231
)
 
(4.6
)
Depreciation
 
17,888

 
14,069

 
3,819

 
27.1

Total expenses
 
$
66,826

 
$
56,500

 
$
10,326

 
18.3

    
    

22



Real estate operating expenses.

The increase is due primarily to:
$4.6 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including $1.6 million from four properties acquired during the current period,
$899,000 from the inclusion, for the entire six months ended March 31, 2018, of three properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period of the prior year,
$577,000 from Factory at Garco Park, and
$463,000 from same store properties due to a net increases in payroll, utilities and repairs and maintenance at several properties.

Offsetting this increase was a decrease of:
$2.1 million from the seven properties sold during the twelve months ended September 30, 2017, and
$1.3 million from three properties sold during the six months ended March 31, 2018.

Interest expense.

The increase is due primarily to:
$3.7 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including $1.2 million from four properties acquired during the current period,
$632,000 from the inclusion, for the entire six months ended March 31, 2018, of three properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period in the prior year,
$455,000 from Factory at Garco Park - the interest expense at this property in the 2017 period was capitalized as the property was then in development, and
$121,000 from an increase in the rate paid on our subordinated debt.

Offsetting this increase was a decrease of:
$816,000 from the seven properties sold during the twelve months ended September 30, 2017, and
$513,000 from three properties sold during the six months ended March 31, 2018.

General and administrative expense. The decrease is due primarily to the inclusion, in the six months ended March 31, 2017, of approximately $250,000 of professional and other fees, a significant portion of which related to our conversion to a Maryland corporation.
 
Depreciation.
The increase is due primarily to:
$5.3 million from seven properties acquired during the twelve months ended March 31, 2018, including $1.7 million from four properties acquired during the current period,
$806,000 from the inclusion, for the entire six months ended March 31, 2018, of three properties that were only owned for a portion of the corresponding period in the prior year, and
$676,000 from our Factory at Garco Park that was in development during the corresponding period of the prior year .

Offsetting this increase was a decrease of:

$1.4 million resulting from purchase price allocation adjustments in the corresponding period of the prior year,
$1.0 million from three properties sold during the six months ended March 31, 2018, and
$517,000 from the seven properties sold during the twelve months ended September 30, 2017.

Other Income and Expenses

Gain on sale of real estate. During the six months ended March 31, 2018, we sold three multi-family properties and one cooperative apartment unit for an aggregate sales price of $171.0 million and recognized an aggregate gain of $64.5 million, of which $27.4 million was allocated to the non-controlling partners. During the six months ended March 31, 2017, we sold four multi-family properties and a cooperative apartment unit for an aggregate sales price of $130.7 million and recognized an aggregate gain of $35.8 million, of which $17.1 million was allocated to the non-controlling partner.     
    

23



Loss on extinguishment of debt. In the six months ended March 31, 2018, we incurred $850,000 of mortgage prepayment charges in connection with the sale of The Fountain Apartments and Waverly Place Apartments . In the six months ended March 31, 2017, we incurred $799,000 of mortgage prepayment charges in connection with the sale of Spring Valley Apartments, Panama City, FL.
Income tax (benefit) provision. In the six months ended March 31, 2018, we received a refund of state taxes related to a prior year. The six months ended March 31, 2017 reflects state taxes paid as a result of income recognized at the state level, primarily from gains on property sales.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We require funds to pay operating expenses and debt service obligations, acquire properties, make capital improvements and pay dividends. Generally, our primary sources of capital and liquidity are the operations of, and distributions from, our multi-family properties, our available cash (including restricted cash), mortgage debt financing and our share of the net proceeds from the sale of multi-family properties. As a result of the at-the-market equity offering program that commenced January 11, 2018, we may, in the future, generate funds from the sale of our common stock. At March 31, 2018, and May 1, 2018, our available cash, excluding restricted cash of $7.7 million and $7.9 million respectively, intended for capital improvements at 17 multi-family properties, is approximately $31.0 million and $20.4 million, respectively.
We anticipate that operating expenses payable through 2019 will be funded from the cash generated from operations of our properties and that the debt service (including principal payments) payable in 2018 and 2019 will be funded from the cash generated from operations of the properties, the refinancing of mortgages, our share of the proceeds from the sale of our properties and from sales of our common stock, if any.
    The mortgage debt with respect to the multi-family properties generally is non-recourse to us and our subsidiary holding our interest in the applicable joint venture. Our ability to acquire additional multi-family properties is limited by our available cash and the availability of mortgage debt.
We anticipate that the construction and other costs associated with the 402-unit Bells Bluff development project will be funded by capital previously contributed by us and our joint venture partner and in-place construction financing of up to $47.4 million. As of March 31, 2018, there have been no draws against this construction loan.
We intend to refinance the adjustable rate mortgages in aggregate principal amount of $56.3 million at our two properties that are currently in lease up (Factory at Garco Park - N. Charleston, SC and Vanguard Heights, Creve Coeur, MO) with longer term fixed-rate financing once these properties has been stabilized; however, no assurance can be given that these properties will ever be stabilized, that financing will be available at such time or, if available, that it will be on terms acceptable to us. These loans mature (after giving effect to extension options) in October 2020 and April 2019, respectively.

Cash Distribution Policy
We are taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, which we refer to as the “Code”. To qualify as a REIT, we must meet a number of organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement that we distribute to our stockholders within the time frames prescribed by the Code at least 90% of our ordinary taxable income. Management currently intends to maintain our REIT status. As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to corporate Federal income tax on taxable income we distribute to stockholders in accordance with the Code. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to Federal income taxes at regular corporate rates and may not be able to qualify as a REIT for four subsequent tax years. Even if we qualify for Federal taxation as a REIT, we are subject to certain state and local taxes on our income and to Federal income and excise taxes on undistributed taxable income, (i.e., taxable income not distributed in the amounts and in the time frames prescribed by the Code).
                We estimate that our net operating losses at December 31, 2017 range from $15 million to $20 million; therefore, we are not currently required by Code provisions relating to REITs to pay cash dividends to maintain our status as a REIT. Notwithstanding the foregoing, on each of October 5, 2017 and January 5, 2018, we paid a cash dividend of $0.18 per share, and on April 6, 2018, we paid a cash dividend of $0.20 per share. Though we currently intend to continue to pay cash dividends on a quarterly basis, we cannot provide any assurance that we will do so.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

None.


24



Funds from Operations; Adjusted Funds from Operations

We disclose below funds from operations (“FFO”) and adjusted funds from operations (“AFFO”) because we believe that such metrics are a widely recognized and appropriate measure of the performance of an equity REIT.
We compute FFO in accordance with the “White Paper on Funds From Operations” issued by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”) and NAREIT’s related guidance. FFO is defined in the White Paper as net income (computed in accordance with generally accepting accounting principles), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, plus depreciation and amortization, plus impairment write‑downs of depreciable real estate and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. Adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures are calculated to reflect funds from operations on the same basis. In computing FFO, we do not add back to net income the amortization of costs in connection with our financing activities or depreciation of non- real estate assets.We compute AFFO by deducting from FFO our straight-line rent accruals, loss on extinguishment of debt, restricted stock and restricted stock unit expense, deferred mortgage costs and gain on insurance recovery. Since the NAREIT White Paper only provides guidelines for computing FFO, the computation of AFFO may vary from one REIT to another.
We believe that FFO and AFFO are useful and standard supplemental measures of the operating performance for equity REITs and are used frequently by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in evaluating equity REITs, many of which present FFO and AFFO when reporting their operating results. FFO and AFFO are intended to exclude GAAP historical cost depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, which assumes that the value of real estate assets diminish predictability over time. In fact, real estate values have historically risen and fallen with market conditions. As a result, we believe that FFO and AFFO provide a performance measure that when compared year over year, should reflect the impact to operations from trends in occupancy rates, rental rates, operating costs, interest costs and other matters without the inclusion of depreciation and amortization, providing a perspective that may not be necessarily apparent from net income. We also consider FFO and AFFO to be useful to us in evaluating potential property acquisitions.
FFO and AFFO do not represent net income or cash flows from operations as defined by GAAP. FFO and AFFO should not be considered to be an alternative to net income as a reliable measure of our operating performance; nor should FFO and AFFO be considered an alternative to cash flows from operating, investing or financing activities (as defined by GAAP) as measures of liquidity. FFO and AFFO do not measure whether cash flow is sufficient to fund all of our cash needs, including principal amortization and capital improvements. FFO and AFFO do not represent cash flows from operating, investing or financing activities as defined by GAAP.
Management recognizes that there are limitations in the use of FFO and AFFO. In evaluating our performance, management is careful to examine GAAP measures such as net income and cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities.

25




The table below provides a reconciliation of net loss determined in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") to FFO and AFFO for each of the indicated periods (amounts in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
GAAP Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
25,222

 
$
(4,229
)
 
$
31,573

 
$
11,541

Add: depreciation of properties
 
9,240

 
7,772

 
17,888

 
14,069

Add: our share of depreciation in unconsolidated joint ventures
 
447

 
130

 
816

 
213

Deduct: gain on sale of real estate
 
(51,981
)
 

 
(64,500
)
 
(35,838
)
Adjustments for non-controlling interests
 
22,406

 
(1,923
)
 
22,596

 
13,651

NAREIT Funds from operations attributable to common stockholders
 
5,334

 
1,750

 
8,373

 
3,636

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments for: straight-line rent accruals
 
(10
)
 
(14
)
 
(20
)
 
(36
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
593

 

 
850

 
799

Add: amortization of restricted stock and restricted stock units
 
297

 
386

 
612

 
710

Add: amortization of deferred mortgage costs
 
373

 
224

 
732

 
525

Deduct gain on insurance recovery
 
(3,227
)
 

 
(3,227
)
 

Adjustments for non-controlling interests
 
434

 
(44
)
 
307

 
(469
)
Adjusted funds from operations attributable to common stockholders
 
$
3,794

 
$
2,302

 
$
7,627

 
$
5,165

 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Six Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
GAAP Net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
1.75

 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
2.21

 
$
0.83

Add: depreciation of properties
 
0.64

 
0.55

 
1.23

 
1.01

Add: our share of depreciation in unconsolidated joint ventures
 
0.03

 
0.01

 
0.06

 
0.02

Deduct: gain on sale of real estate
 
(3.60
)
 

 
(4.50
)
 
(2.58
)
Adjustment for non-controlling interests
 
1.55

 
(0.14
)
 
1.58

 
0.98

NAREIT Funds from operations per common stock basic and diluted
 
0.37

 
0.12

 
0.58

 
0.26

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments for: straight line rent accruals
 

 

 

 

Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
0.04

 

 
0.06

 
0.06

Add: amortization of restricted stock and restricted stock units
 
0.01

 
0.03

 
0.04

 
0.05

Add: amortization of deferred mortgage costs
 
0.03

 
0.02

 
0.05

 
0.04

Deduct gain on insurance recovery
 
(0.22
)
 

 
(0.22
)
 

Adjustments for non-controlling interests
 
0.03

 
(0.01
)
 
0.02

 
(0.04
)
Adjusted funds from operations per common stock basic and diluted
 
$
0.26

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.53

 
$
0.37


26



Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks

All of our mortgage debt is fixed rate, other than seven mortgages, three of which are subject to interest rate swap agreements and one which is subject to an interest rate cap. With respect to the remaining three variable rate mortgages, an increase of 100 basis points in interest rates would reduce annual net income by $589,000 and a decrease of 100 basis points would increase annual net income by $589,000.
    
As of March 31, 2018, we had three interest rate swap agreements outstanding and one interest rate cap. The fair value of these derivative instruments is dependent upon existing market interest rates and swap spreads, which change over time. At March 31, 2018, if there had been (i) an increase of 100 basis points in forward interest rates, the fair market value of these derivative instruments and the net unrealized gain thereon would have increased by approximately $3.0 million and (ii) if there had been a decrease of 100 basis points in forward interest rates, the fair market value of these derivatives and the net unrealized gain thereon would have decreased by approximately $3.2 million. These changes would not have any impact on our net income or cash.

Our junior subordinated notes bear interest at the rate of three month LIBOR plus 200 basis points. At March 31, 2018, the interest rate on these notes was 3.77%. A 100 basis point increase in the rate would increase our related interest expense by approximately $374,000 annually and a 100 basis point decrease in the rate would decrease our related interest expense by $374,000 annually.

As of March 31, 2018, based on the number of residential units in each state, 30% of our properties are located in Texas, 16% in Georgia, 11% in Florida, 8% in Missouri, 8% in Mississippi, 7% in Tennessee, 7% in South Carolina and the remaining 13% in four other states; we are therefore subject to risks associated with the economies in these areas.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

As required under Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, Senior Vice President-Finance and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2018. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer, Senior Vice President-Finance and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2018 are effective.

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting or in other factors that could significantly affect these controls subsequent to the date of their evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses.


27



Part II - Other Information

Item 6. Exhibits

Exhibit
     No.
 
Title of Exhibits
 
Certification of President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Senior Vice President—Finance pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Senior Vice President—Finance pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes‑Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
_____________________
 

28



                          
SIGNATURES



Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.





BRT APARTMENTS CORP.