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EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.aveo-ex322_9.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.aveo-ex321_8.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.aveo-ex312_6.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.aveo-ex311_7.htm
EX-10.2 - EX-10.2 - AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.aveo-ex102_718.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 .

Commission file number 001-34655

 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

04-3581650

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

One Broadway, 14th Floor, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(617) 588-1960

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding on May 4, 2018: 118,867,471

 

 

 

 


 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

No.

 

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

35

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

57

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

57

 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

59

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

60

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

93

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2


 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except par value amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

14,949

 

Marketable securities

 

 

10,835

 

 

 

18,576

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

600

 

 

 

402

 

Insurance recovery (Note 9)

 

 

15,000

 

 

 

15,000

 

Clinical trial retainers

 

 

836

 

 

 

1,027

 

Other prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

171

 

 

 

229

 

Total current assets

 

 

43,602

 

 

 

50,183

 

Other assets

 

 

11

 

 

 

15

 

Total assets

 

$

43,613

 

 

$

50,198

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

3,380

 

 

$

2,436

 

Accrued clinical trial costs and contract research

 

 

7,337

 

 

 

8,321

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

1,962

 

 

 

2,458

 

Loans payable, net of discount

 

 

586

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

1,342

 

 

 

395

 

Deferred research and development reimbursements

 

 

706

 

 

 

901

 

Estimated settlement liability (Note 9)

 

 

17,115

 

 

 

17,073

 

Other liabilities (Note 6)

 

 

 

 

 

540

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

32,428

 

 

 

32,124

 

Loans payable, net of current portion and discount

 

 

18,002

 

 

 

18,477

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

4,085

 

 

 

1,302

 

Deferred research and development reimbursement

 

 

143

 

 

 

222

 

PIPE warrant liability (Note 7)

 

 

38,110

 

 

 

37,746

 

Other liabilities (Note 6)

 

 

1,090

 

 

 

1,090

 

Total liabilities

 

 

93,858

 

 

 

90,961

 

Stockholders’ deficit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.001 par value: 5,000 shares authorized at March 31,

   2018 and December 31, 2017; no shares issued and outstanding at each of

   March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $.001 par value: 250,000 shares authorized at March 31,

   2018 and December 31, 2017; 118,867 and 118,325 shares issued and

   outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

 

 

119

 

 

 

118

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

548,308

 

 

 

546,092

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(4

)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(598,668

)

 

 

(586,969

)

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

 

(50,245

)

 

 

(40,763

)

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$

43,613

 

 

$

50,198

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

3


 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collaboration and licensing revenue

 

$

980

 

 

$

2,532

 

Partnership royalties

 

 

46

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,026

 

 

 

2,532

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

5,404

 

 

 

7,956

 

General and administrative

 

 

2,610

 

 

 

2,331

 

Settlement costs (Note 9)

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,056

 

 

 

10,287

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(7,030

)

 

 

(7,755

)

Other expense, net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(493

)

 

 

(551

)

Change in fair value of PIPE warrant liability

 

 

(1,465

)

 

 

(484

)

Other expense, net

 

 

(1,958

)

 

 

(1,035

)

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(8,988

)

 

 

(8,790

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

(50

)

Net loss

 

$

(8,988

)

 

$

(8,840

)

Net loss per share — basic and diluted

 

$

(0.08

)

 

$

(0.12

)

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

 

 

118,840

 

 

 

76,246

 

 

See accompanying notes.

4


 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,988

)

 

$

(8,840

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities

 

 

 

 

 

(5

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(8,988

)

 

$

(8,845

)

 

See accompanying notes.

 

5


 

AVEO PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,988

)

 

$

(8,840

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

583

 

 

 

207

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

 

111

 

 

 

134

 

Non-cash change in fair value of PIPE warrant liability

 

 

1,465

 

 

 

484

 

Non-cash charge for settlement warrants (Note 9)

 

 

42

 

 

 

 

Amortization of premium and discount on investments

 

 

5

 

 

 

(3

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(198

)

 

 

351

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

249

 

 

 

128

 

Other noncurrent assets

 

 

4

 

 

 

285

 

Accounts payable

 

 

944

 

 

 

1,091

 

Accrued contract research

 

 

(984

)

 

 

1,146

 

Other accrued liabilities

 

 

(496

)

 

 

(263

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

1,019

 

 

 

(128

)

Deferred research and development reimbursements

 

 

(274

)

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(6,518

)

 

 

(5,408

)

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

 

(6,801

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities

 

 

14,537

 

 

 

8,252

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

7,736

 

 

 

8,252

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

518

 

 

 

12,261

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock to related parties

 

 

 

 

 

3,210

 

Proceeds from issuance of stock for stock-based compensation arrangements

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

Payment of end-of-term debt costs (Note 6)

 

 

(540

)

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(7

)

 

 

15,471

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

1,211

 

 

 

18,315

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

14,949

 

 

 

15,096

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

33,411

 

Supplemental cash flow information

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

509

 

 

$

446

 

Non-Cash Operating Activity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Increase to deferred revenue due to adoption of ASC Topic 606 - transition adjustment on January 1, 2018

 

$

2,711

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

6


 

AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

March 31, 2018

(1) Organization

AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) is a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to advancing a broad portfolio of targeted medicines for oncology and other areas of unmet medical need. The Company’s strategy is to retain North American rights to its oncology portfolio while securing partners in development and commercialization outside of North America. The Company is working to develop and commercialize its lead candidate tivozanib in North America as a treatment for renal cell carcinoma (“RCC”). The Company has entered into partnerships to fund the development and commercialization of its preclinical and clinical stage assets, including AV-203 and ficlatuzumab in oncology, AV-380 in cachexia, and tivozanib in oncology outside of North America.   Tivozanib (FOTIVDA®) is approved in the European Union, as well as Norway and Iceland, for the first-line treatment of adult patients with advanced RCC (“aRCC”) and for adult patients who are vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (“VEGFR”) and mTOR pathway inhibitor-naïve following disease progression after one prior treatment with cytokine therapy for aRCC. The Company is currently seeking a partner to develop the AV-353 platform, a preclinical asset, worldwide for the potential treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (“PAH”).

As used throughout these condensed consolidated financial statements, the terms “AVEO,” and the “Company” refer to the business of AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its two wholly-owned subsidiaries, AVEO Pharma Limited and AVEO Securities Corporation.

Liquidity and Going Concern

The Company has financed its operations to date primarily through private placements and public offerings of its common stock and preferred stock, license fees, milestone payments and research and development funding from strategic partners, and loan proceeds. The Company has devoted substantially all of its resources to its drug development efforts, comprising research and development, manufacturing, conducting clinical trials for its product candidates, protecting its intellectual property and general and administrative functions relating to these operations. The future success of the Company is dependent on its ability to develop its product candidates and ultimately upon its ability to attain profitable operations. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaling approximately $27.0 million, working capital of $11.2  million and an accumulated deficit of $598.7 million.

The Company is subject to a number of risks, including the need for substantial additional capital for clinical research and product development. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $27.0 million in existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Based on these available cash resources, the Company does not have sufficient cash on hand to support current operations for at least the next twelve months from the date of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. This condition raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.

The Company’s plans to address this condition include pursuing one or more of the following options to secure additional funding, none of which can be guaranteed or are entirely within the Company’s control:

 

Earn royalty payments pursuant to the Company’s license agreement with EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited (the “EUSA Agreement”). In August 2017, EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited (“EUSA”) obtained marketing approval from the European Medicines Agency (the “EMA”) for tivozanib (FOTIVDA) for the treatment of aRCC.

 

Earn milestone payments pursuant to the collaboration and license agreements described in Note 4 or restructure / monetize existing potential milestone and/or royalty payments under those collaboration and license agreements.

 

Raise funding through the possible additional sales of the Company’s common stock, including public or private equity        financings and / or sales of the Company’s common stock under the at-the-market-issuance sales agreement (the “Leerink Sales Agreement”) with Leerink Partners LLC (“Leerink”), as discussed in Note 7.

 

Partner AV-353 to secure potential additional non-dilutive funds and advance development of the AV-353 platform for the potential treatment of PAH.

7


 

Pursuant to the EUSA Agreement, the Company is entitled to receive up to an additional $8.0 million in milestone payments of $2.0 million per country upon reimbursement approval for RCC, if any, in each of France, Germany, Italy and Spain, and an additional $2.0 million milestone payment for the grant of marketing approval, if any, in three of the five following countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, South Africa and Venezuela. These milestone payments are subject to the 30% sublicense fee payable to Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd. (formerly Kirin Brewery Co., Ltd.) (“KHK”) pursuant to the Company’s license agreement with KHK (the “KHK Agreement”). The Company is also eligible to receive an additional research and development reimbursement payment from EUSA of 50% of the total costs for the Company’s TIVO-3 phase 3 study in third-line RCC, up to $20.0 million, if EUSA elects to opt-in to that study. This research and development reimbursement payment would not be subject to the 30% sublicense fee payable to KHK, subject to certain limitations. Refer to Note 4 “Collaborations and License Agreements - KHK” for further details.

In addition, CANbridge Life Sciences Ltd. (“CANbridge”) filed an initial new drug (“IND”) application with the China Food and Drug Administration in December 2017 for a clinical study of AV-203 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Pursuant to the Company’s collaboration and license agreement with CANbridge (the “CANbridge Agreement”), the Company is entitled to receive a $2.0 million development and regulatory milestone payment upon the receipt of the regulatory approval of this IND application.

There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will receive cash proceeds from any of these potential resources or to the extent cash proceeds are received such proceeds would be sufficient to support the Company’s current operating plan for at least the next twelve months from the date of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Pursuant to the requirements of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 205-40, Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern management must evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. This evaluation initially does not take into consideration the potential mitigating effect of management’s plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued. When substantial doubt exists under this methodology, management evaluates whether the mitigating effect of its plans sufficiently alleviates substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The mitigating effect of management’s plans, however, is only considered if both (1) it is probable that the plans will be effectively implemented within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued, and (2) it is probable that the plans, when implemented, will mitigate the relevant conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. 

Under ASC 205-40, the future receipt of potential funding from the Company’s collaborators and other resources cannot be considered probable at this time because none of the Company’s current plans have been finalized at the time of filing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the implementation of any such plan is not probable of being effectively implemented as none of the plans are entirely within the Company’s control. Accordingly, substantial doubt is deemed to exist about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date these financial statements are issued.

The Company believes that its approximate $27.0 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at March 31, 2018 would allow it to fund its planned operations into the first quarter of 2019. This estimate assumes no receipt of additional milestone payments from its partners, no funding from new partnership agreements, no equity financings, no debt financings, no sales of equity under its Leerink Sales Agreement and no additional sales of equity through the exercise of the outstanding PIPE Warrants. (Refer to Note 7, Common Stock – Private Placement / PIPE Warrants regarding specific details.) Accordingly, the timing and nature of activities contemplated for the remainder of 2018 and thereafter will be conducted subject to the availability of sufficient financial resources.  

If the Company is unable to obtain sufficient capital to continue to advance its programs, the Company would be forced to delay, reduce or eliminate its research and development programs and any future commercialization efforts.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the ordinary course of business. The financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from the outcome of the uncertainties described above.

8


 

(2) Basis of Presentation

These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, AVEO Pharma Limited and AVEO Securities Corporation. The Company has eliminated all significant intercompany accounts and transactions in consolidation.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals and revisions of estimates, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Interim results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018 or any other future period.

The information presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements and related footnotes at March 31, 2018, and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, is unaudited, and the condensed consolidated balance sheet amounts and related footnotes as of December 31, 2017 have been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, which was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 13, 2018.

(3) Significant Accounting Policies

Revenue Recognition

The Company’s revenues are generated primarily through collaborative research, development and commercialization agreements. The terms of these agreements generally contain multiple promised goods and services, which may include (i) licenses, or options to obtain licenses, to the Company’s technology, (ii) research and development activities to be performed on behalf of the collaborative partner, and (iii) in certain cases, services in connection with the manufacturing of preclinical and clinical material. Payments to the Company under these arrangements typically include one or more of the following: non-refundable, upfront license fees; option exercise fees; funding of research and/or development efforts; milestone payments; and royalties on future product sales.

Collaboration Arrangements Within the Scope of ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements

The Company analyzes its collaboration arrangements to assess whether such arrangements involve joint operating activities performed by parties that are both active participants in the activities and exposed to significant risks and rewards dependent on the commercial success of such activities and are therefore within the scope of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 808, Collaborative Arrangements (“ASC 808”). This assessment is performed throughout the life of the arrangement based on changes in the responsibilities of all parties in the arrangement.  For collaboration arrangements that are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808, the Company first determines which elements of the collaboration are deemed to be within the scope of ASC 808 and those that are more reflective of a vendor-customer relationship and therefore within the scope of ASC 606. The Company’s policy is generally to recognize amounts received from collaborators in connection with joint operating activities that are within the scope of ASC 808 as a reduction in research and development expense.

Arrangements Within the Scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), using the modified retrospective transition method. Under this method, the Company has recognized the cumulative effect of the adoption as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit in the current period condensed consolidated balance sheet. Financial results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018, are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Companys historical accounting under ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. ASC 606 applies to all contracts with customers, except for contracts that are within the scope of other standards, such as collaboration arrangements and leases.

Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue when its customers obtain control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the Company determines it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s) in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligation(s) in the contract; and

9


 

(v) recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies its performance obligation(s). As part of the accounting for these arrangements, the Company must make significant judgments, including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each performance obligation.

 

Once a contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within the contract and determines those that are performance obligations. Arrangements that include rights to additional goods or services that are exercisable at a customer’s discretion are generally considered options. The Company assesses if these options provide a material right to the customer and if so, they are considered performance obligations. The exercise of a material right is accounted for as a contract modification for accounting purposes.

The Company assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct for the purpose of identifying the performance obligations in the contract. This assessment involves subjective determinations and requires management to make judgments about the individual promised goods or services and whether such are separable from the other aspects of the contractual relationship. Promised goods and services are considered distinct provided that: (i) the customer can benefit from the good or service either on its own or together with other resources that are readily available to the customer (that is, the good or service is capable of being distinct) and (ii) the entity’s promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract (that is, the promise to transfer the good or service is distinct within the context of the contract). In assessing whether a promised good or service is distinct, the Company considers factors such as the research, manufacturing and commercialization capabilities of the collaboration partner and the availability of the associated expertise in the general marketplace. The Company also considers the intended benefit of the contract in assessing whether a promised good or service is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract. If a promised good or service is not distinct, an entity is required to combine that good or service with other promised goods or services until it identifies a bundle of goods or services that is distinct.

The transaction price is then determined and allocated to the identified performance obligations in proportion to their standalone selling prices (“SSP”) on a relative SSP basis. SSP is determined at contract inception and is not updated to reflect changes between contract inception and when the performance obligations are satisfied. Determining the SSP for performance obligations requires significant judgment. In developing the SSP for a performance obligation, the Company considers applicable market conditions and relevant entity-specific factors, including factors that were contemplated in negotiating the agreement with the customer and estimated costs. The Company validates the SSP for performance obligations by evaluating whether changes in the key assumptions used to determine the SSP will have a significant effect on the allocation of arrangement consideration between multiple performance obligations.

If the consideration promised in a contract includes a variable amount, the Company estimates the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for transferring the promised goods or services to a customer. The Company determines the amount of variable consideration by using the expected value method or the most likely amount method. The Company includes the unconstrained amount of estimated variable consideration in the transaction price. The amount included in the transaction price is constrained to the amount for which it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur. At the end of each subsequent reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the estimated variable consideration included in the transaction price and any related constraint, and if necessary, adjusts its estimate of the overall transaction price. Any such adjustments are recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis in the period of adjustment.

In determining the transaction price, the Company adjusts consideration for the effects of the time value of money if the timing of payments provides the Company with a significant benefit of financing. The Company does not assess whether a contract has a significant financing component if the expectation at contract inception is such that the period between payment by the licensees and the transfer of the promised goods or services to the licensees will be one year or less. The Company assessed each of its revenue generating arrangements in order to determine whether a significant financing component exists and concluded that a significant financing component does not exist in any of its arrangements.

The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) each performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time or over time, and if over time based on the use of an output or input method.

Licenses of intellectual property: The terms of the Company’s license agreements include the license of functional intellectual property, given the functionality of the intellectual property is not expected to change substantially as a result of the Company’s ongoing activities. If the license to the Company’s intellectual property is determined to be distinct from the other performance obligations identified in the arrangement, the Company recognizes revenues from the portion of the transaction price allocated to the license when the license is transferred to the licensee and the licensee is able to use and benefit from the license. For

10


 

licenses that are bundled with other promises (that is, for licenses that are not distinct from other promised goods and services in an arrangement), the Company utilizes judgment to assess the nature of the combined performance obligation to determine whether the combined performance obligation is satisfied over time or at a point in time and, if over time, the appropriate method of measuring progress for purposes of recognizing revenue. The Company evaluates the measure of progress each reporting period and, if necessary, adjusts the measure of performance and related revenue recognition.

Research and development funding: Arrangements that include payment for research and development services are generally considered to have variable consideration. If and when the Company assesses the payment for these services is no longer subject to the constraint on variable consideration, the related revenue is included in the transaction price.

                  Milestone payments:  At the inception of each arrangement that includes non-refundable payments for contingent milestones, including preclinical research and development, clinical development and regulatory, the Company evaluates whether the milestones are considered probable of being achieved and estimates the amount to be included in the transaction price using the most likely amount method. If it is probable that a significant revenue reversal would not occur, the associated milestone value is included in the transaction price. Milestone payments that are not within the control of the Company or the licensee, such as regulatory approvals, are not considered probable of being achieved until those approvals are received. At the end of each reporting period, the Company re-evaluates the probability of the achievement of contingent milestones and the likelihood of a significant reversal of such milestone revenue, and if necessary, adjusts its estimate of the overall transaction price. Any such adjustments are recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, which would affect collaboration and licensing revenue in the period of adjustment. This quarterly assessment may result in the recognition of revenue related to a contingent milestone payment before the milestone event has been achieved.  

Royalties:  For arrangements that include sales-based royalties, including milestone payments based on the level of sales, and the license is deemed to be the predominant item to which the royalties relate, the Company recognizes revenue at the later of (i) when the related sales occur, or (ii) when the performance obligation to which some or all of the royalty has been allocated has been satisfied (or partially satisfied).  

 

The following table summarizes the total revenues earned in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, by partner (in thousands). Refer to Note 4 Collaborations and License Agreements regarding specific details.

 

 

 

Three Months

Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

EUSA

 

$

1,026

 

 

$

99

 

Novartis

 

 

 

 

 

1,805

 

CANbridge

 

 

 

 

 

500

 

Ophthotech

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

Other

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

Total

 

$

1,026

 

 

$

2,532

 

 

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses are charged to expense as incurred. Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred in performing research and development activities, including internal costs for salaries, bonuses, benefits, stock-based compensation, facilities, and research-related overhead, and external costs for clinical trials, drug manufacturing and distribution, license fees, consultants and other contracted services.

Warrants Issued in Connection with Private Placement

In May 2016, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 17,642,482 shares of common stock in connection with a private placement financing and recorded the warrants as a liability (the “PIPE Warrants”). The Company accounts for warrant instruments that either conditionally or unconditionally obligate the issuer to transfer assets as liabilities regardless of the timing of the redemption feature or price, even though the underlying shares may be classified as permanent or temporary equity.  As of March 31, 2018, PIPE Warrants exercisable for 777,201 shares of common stock had been exercised, for approximately $0.8 million in cash proceeds, and PIPE Warrants exercisable for 16,865,281 shares of common stock were outstanding. In July 2017, Hercules Capital Inc. exercised its PIPE Warrants with respect to all 259,067 shares of common stock underlying such PIPE Warrants, and the Company issued Hercules Capital Inc. 259,067 shares of its common stock and received approximately $0.3 million in cash proceeds. In January 2018, PIPE Warrants with respect to 518,134 shares of common stock underlying such PIPE Warrants were exercised, and

11


 

the Company issued 518,134 shares of its common stock and received approximately $0.5 million in cash proceeds. Refer to Note 7, “Common Stock—Private Placement / PIPE Warrants” for further discussion of the private placement financing.

The PIPE Warrants contain a provision giving the warrant holder the option to receive cash, equal to the fair value of the remaining unexercised portion of the warrant, as cash settlement in the event that there is a fundamental transaction (contractually defined to include various merger, acquisition or stock transfer activities). Due to this provision, ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity requires that these warrants be classified as a liability and not as equity. Accordingly, the Company recorded a warrant liability in the amount of approximately $9.3 million upon issuance of the PIPE Warrants. The fair value of these warrants has been determined using the Black-Scholes pricing model. These warrants are subject to revaluation at each balance sheet date and any changes in fair value are recorded as a non-cash gain or (loss) in the Statement of Operations as a component of other income (expense), net until the earlier of their exercise or expiration or upon the completion of a liquidation event. Upon exercise, the PIPE Warrants are subject to revaluation just prior to the date of the warrant exercise and any changes in fair value are recorded as a non-cash gain or (loss) in the Statement of Operations as a component of other income (expense), net and the corresponding reduction in the PIPE Warrant liability is recorded as additional paid-in capital in the Balance Sheet as a component of stockholder’s equity. The Company recorded non-cash losses of approximately $1.5 million and $0.5 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, in its Statement of Operations attributable to the increases in the fair value of the PIPE Warrant liability that resulted from higher stock prices as of March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, relative to prior periods. In the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded a reduction in the PIPE Warrant liability, with a corresponding increase to additional paid-in capital, of approximately $1.1 million attributable to PIPE Warrant exercises in the first quarter of 2018.

The following table rolls forward the fair value of the Company’s PIPE Warrant liability, the fair value of which is determined by Level 3 inputs for the three months ended March 31, 2018 (in thousands):

 

Fair value at January 1, 2018

 

$

37,746

 

Increase in fair value

 

 

1,465

 

Reduction in warrant liability for PIPE Warrant exercises

 

 

(1,101

)

Fair value at March 31, 2018

 

$

38,110

 

 

The key assumptions used to value the PIPE Warrants were as follows:

 

 

 

Issuance

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

Expected price volatility

 

 

76.25%

 

 

 

84.86%

 

 

 

85.61%

 

Expected term (in years)

 

 

5.00

 

 

 

3.50

 

 

 

3.25

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

 

1.22%

 

 

 

2.09%

 

 

 

2.39%

 

Stock price

 

$

0.89

 

 

$

2.79

 

 

$

2.90

 

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potential Class Action Settlement

In December 2017, the Company entered into a binding memorandum of understanding (the “MOU”) with class representatives Bob Levine and William Windham (the “Plaintiffs”), regarding the settlement of a securities class action lawsuit (the “Class Action”) filed in 2013 and pending in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts (the “District Court”) against us and certain of our former officers (Tuan Ha-Ngoc, David Johnston, and William Slichenmyer, together, the “Individual Defendants”), In re AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Securities Litigation et al. , No. 1:13-cv-11157-DJC. As previously disclosed, the Class Action was purportedly brought on behalf of stockholders who purchased our common stock between May 16, 2012 and May 1, 2013 (the “Class”).

In December 2017, upon entering into the MOU, this settlement became estimable and probable. Accordingly, the Company recorded an estimated $17.1 million contingent liability, including $15.0 million for the cash portion of the settlement with a corresponding insurance recovery for the 100% portion to be paid directly by certain of the Company’s insurance carriers, and an approximate $2.1 million estimate for the fair value on December 31, 2017 of  2.0 million warrants to purchase shares of its common stock exercisable from the date of issue until the expiration of a one-year period after the date of issue at an exercise price equal to the closing price on December 22, 2017, the trading day prior to the execution of the MOU, which was $3.00 per share (“the Settlement Warrants”) with a corresponding non-cash charge to the Statement of Operations as a component of operating expenses. In February 2018, the insurance carriers funded the settlement escrow account related to the $15.0 million cash portion of the settlement.

The settlement is subject to the execution of a definitive settlement agreement, notice to the Class, and final approval of the District Court and shall be effective on the date (the “Effective Date”) on which all of the following circumstances have occurred: (a) a final judgment containing the requisite release of claims has been entered by the District Court (“Final Judgment”); (b) no appeal

12


 

is pending with respect to the Final Judgment; (c) the Final Judgment has not been reversed, modified, vacated or amended; (d) the time to file any appeal from the Final Judgment has expired without the filing of an appeal or an order dismissing the appeal or affirming the Final Judgment has been entered, and any time to file a further appeal (including a writ of certiorari or for reconsideration of the appeal) has expired; and (e) the MOU and any settlement agreement with respect to the claims released in the Final Judgment have not expired or been terminated. The Company as agreed to use its best efforts to issue and deliver the Settlement Warrants within ten business days following the Effective Date.  In January 2018, the Company entered into a stipulation of settlement agreement (the “Stipulation”) that was preliminarily approved by the District Court in February 2018. A hearing by the District Court for final approval of the Stipulation has been scheduled for May 30, 2018. Refer to Note 9, “Legal Proceedings” for further discussion of this class action settlement.

The estimated fair value of the Settlement Warrants to be issued on the Effective Date has been determined using the Black-Scholes pricing model. The estimated fair value of the Settlement Warrants to be issued on the Effective Date is subject to revaluation at each balance sheet date and any changes in fair value are recorded as a non-cash gain or (loss) in the Statement of Operations as a component of operating expenses until the Settlement Warrants are issued, at which point they will be recorded as equity or as a liability based upon the issuance terms. The Company recorded a non-cash loss of approximately $42,000 in the three months ended March 31, 2018 in its Statement of Operations attributable to the increase in the fair value of the Settlement Warrants that principally resulted from a higher stock price as of March 31, 2018, relative to prior periods.

The key assumptions used to estimate the fair value the Settlement Warrants were as follows:

 

 

 

December 31,

2017

 

 

March 31,

2018

 

Expected price volatility

 

 

101.52%

 

 

 

96.01%

 

Expected term (in years)

 

 

1.00

 

 

 

1.00

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

 

1.76%

 

 

 

2.09%

 

Stock price

 

$

2.79

 

 

$

2.90

 

Dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase and an investment in a U.S. government money market fund to be cash equivalents. Changes in the balance of cash and cash equivalents may be affected by changes in investment portfolio maturities, as well as actual cash disbursements to fund operations.

The Company’s cash is deposited in highly-rated financial institutions in the United States. The Company invests in U.S. government money market funds, high-grade, short-term commercial paper, corporate bonds and other U.S. government agency securities, which management believes are subject to minimal credit and market risk. The carrying values of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximate fair value due to their short-term maturities.

The Company does not have any restricted cash balances.

Marketable Securities

Marketable securities consist primarily of investments which have expected average maturity dates in excess of three months, but not longer than 24 months. The Company invests in high-grade corporate obligations, including commercial paper, and  U. S. government and government agency obligations that are classified as available-for-sale. Since these securities are available to fund current operations they are classified as current assets on the consolidated balance sheets.

Marketable securities are stated at fair value, including accrued interest, with their unrealized gains and losses included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which is a separate component of stockholders’ equity. The fair value of these securities is based on quoted prices and observable inputs on a recurring basis. The cost of marketable securities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity, with such amortization and accretion recorded as a component of interest expense, net. Realized gains and losses are determined on the specific identification method. Unrealized gains and losses are included in other comprehensive loss until realized, at which point they would be recorded as a component of interest expense, net.

13


 

Below is a summary of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair

Value

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

16,160

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

 

16,160

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,160

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

9,832

 

 

$

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

9,828

 

US government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

1,007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,007

 

Total marketable securities

 

 

10,839

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

10,835

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

26,999

 

 

$

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

26,995

 

December 31, 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

14,949

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

14,949

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

 

14,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,949

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

17,074

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

(5

)

 

$

17,070

 

US government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

1,506

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,506

 

Total marketable securities

 

 

18,580

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(5

)

 

 

18,576

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

33,529

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

(5

)

 

$

33,525

 

 

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and accounts receivable. The Company maintains deposits in highly-rated, federally-insured financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. The Company’s investment strategy is focused on capital preservation. The Company invests in instruments that meet the high credit quality standards outlined in the Company’s investment policy. This policy also limits the amount of credit exposure to any one issue or type of instrument.

The Company’s accounts receivable primarily consists of amounts due to the Company from licensees and collaborators. The Company has not experienced any material losses related to accounts receivable from individual licensees or collaborators.

Fair Value Measurements

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities reflects the Company’s estimate of amounts that it would have received in connection with the sale of the assets or paid in connection with the transfer of the liabilities in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from sources independent from the Company) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (the Company’s assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). The following fair value hierarchy is used to classify assets and liabilities based on the observable inputs and unobservable inputs used in order to value the assets and liabilities:

 

Level 1:

Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. An active market for an asset or liability is a market in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

 

 

Level 2:

Observable inputs other than Level 1 inputs. Examples of Level 2 inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities and quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.

 

 

Level 3:

Unobservable inputs based on the Company’s assessment of the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

14


 

Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety within the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company measures the fair value of its marketable securities by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing sources. The pricing services utilize industry standard valuation models, including both income and market based approaches, for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly, to estimate fair value. These inputs include reported trades of and broker-dealer quotes on the same or similar securities, issuer credit spreads, benchmark securities and other observable inputs.

As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s financial assets valued based on Level 1 inputs consisted of cash and cash equivalents in a U.S. government money market fund and its financial assets valued based on Level 2 inputs consisted of high-grade corporate debt securities, including commercial paper, and U.S. government agency securities. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company did not have any transfers of financial assets between Levels 1 and 2.

As of March 31, 2018, the Company’s financial liabilities that were recorded at fair value consisted of warrant liabilities, including the PIPE Warrant liability and estimated fair value of the Settlement Warrants.

The fair value of the Company’s loans payable at March 31, 2018 approximates its carrying value, computed pursuant to a discounted cash flow technique using a market interest rate and is considered a Level 3 fair value measurement. The effective interest rate, which reflects the current market rate, considers the fair value of the warrants issued in connection with the loan, loan issuance costs and the deferred financing charge.

The following table summarizes the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements as of

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Financial assets carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

16,160

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

16,160

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

 

 

$

9,828

 

 

$

 

 

$

9,828

 

U.S. government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

 

 

 

1,007

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,007

 

Total marketable securities

 

$

 

 

$

10,835

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,835

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

16,160

 

 

$

10,835

 

 

$

 

 

$

26,995

 

Financial liabilities carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PIPE warrant liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

38,110

 

 

$

38,110

 

Settlement warrant liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,115

 

 

 

2,115

 

Total warrant liabilities

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

40,225

 

 

$

40,225

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements as of

December 31, 2017

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Financial assets carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and money market funds

 

$

14,949

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

14,949

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

$

14,949

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

14,949

 

Marketable securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities due within 1 year

 

$

 

 

$

17,070

 

 

$

 

 

$

17,070

 

U.S. government agency securities due within 1 year

 

 

 

 

 

1,506

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,506

 

Total marketable securities

 

$

 

 

$

18,576

 

 

$

 

 

$

18,576

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

14,949

 

 

$

18,576

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,525

 

Financial liabilities carried at fair value:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PIPE warrant liability

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

37,746

 

 

$

37,746

 

Settlement warrant liability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,073

 

 

 

2,073

 

Total warrant liabilities

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

39,819

 

 

$

39,819

 

 

15


 

Basic and Diluted Loss per Common Share

Basic net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding restricted stock that has been issued but is not yet vested. Diluted net loss per common share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and the weighted average dilutive potential common shares outstanding  using the treasury stock method. However, for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, diluted net loss per share is the same as basic net loss per share as the inclusion of weighted average shares of unvested restricted common stock and common stock issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants would be anti-dilutive.

The following table summarizes outstanding securities not included in the computation of diluted net loss per common share as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively (in thousands):

 

 

 

Outstanding at

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Options outstanding

 

 

10,029

 

 

 

6,825

 

PIPE warrants outstanding

 

 

16,865

 

 

 

19,453

 

Total

 

 

26,894

 

 

 

26,278

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

Under the Company’s stock-based compensation programs, the Company periodically grants stock options and restricted stock to employees, directors and nonemployee consultants. The Company also issues shares under an employee stock purchase plan. The fair value of all awards is recognized in the Company’s statements of operations over the requisite service period for each award.

Awards that vest as the recipient provides service are expensed on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. Other awards, such as performance-based awards that vest upon the achievement of specified goals, are expensed using the accelerated attribution method if achievement of the specified goals is considered probable. The Company has also granted awards that vest upon the achievement of market conditions. Per ASC 718 Share-Based Payments, market conditions must be considered in determining the estimated grant-date fair value of share-based payments and the market conditions must be considered in determining the requisite service period over which compensation cost is recognized. The Company estimates the fair value of the awards with market conditions using a Monte Carlo simulation, which utilizes several assumptions including the risk-free interest rate, the volatility of the Company’s stock and the exercise behavior of award recipients. The grant-date fair value of the awards is then recognized over the requisite service period, which represents the derived service period for the awards as determined by the Monte Carlo simulation.

                   The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to value its stock option awards without market conditions, which require the Company to make certain assumptions regarding the expected volatility its common stock price, the expected term of the option grants, the risk-free interest rate and the dividend yield with respect to its common stock. The Company calculates volatility using its historical stock price data. Due to the lack of the Company’s own historical data, the Company elected to use the “simplified” method for “plain vanilla” options to estimate the expected term of the Company’s stock option grants. Under this approach, the weighted-average expected life is presumed to be the average of the vesting term and the contractual term of the option. The risk-free interest rate used for each grant is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant for instruments with a similar expected life. The Company utilizes a dividend yield of zero based on the fact that the Company has never paid cash dividends and has no present intention to pay cash dividends.

16


 

The fair value of equity-classified awards to employees and directors are measured at fair value on the date the awards are granted. Awards to nonemployee consultants are recorded at their fair values and are re-measured as of each balance sheet date until the recipient’s services are complete. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded the following stock-based compensation expense (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

March 31,

 

 

 

2018

 

 

2017

 

Research and development

 

$

183

 

 

$

52

 

General and administrative

 

 

400

 

 

 

155

 

Total

 

$

583

 

 

$

207

 

 

Stock-based compensation expense is allocated to research and development and general and administrative expense based upon the department of the employee to whom each award was granted. No related tax benefits of the stock-based compensation expense have been recognized.

Income Taxes

The Company provides for income taxes using the asset-liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized based on differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company calculates its provision for income taxes on ordinary income based on its projected annual tax rate for the year. Uncertain tax positions are recognized if the position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by a tax authority. Unrecognized tax benefits represent tax positions for which reserves have been established. As of March 31, 2018, the Company is forecasting a net loss for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Company maintains a full valuation allowance on all deferred tax assets.

 

On December 22, 2017, the SEC staff issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which allows the recording of provisional amounts during a measurement period not to extend beyond one year of the enactment date.  In accordance with SAB 118, the Company determined a provisional amount for the impact on its prior year deferred tax assets and valuation allowance in its prior year financial statements. The Company has not updated the provisional amounts and expects to complete the final assessment of the impact within the measurement period.

Segment and Geographic Information

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise engaging in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment principally in the United States. As of March 31, 2018, the Company has no net assets located outside of the United States.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include revenue recognition, contract research accruals, measurement of the PIPE Warrant liability, estimated settlement liabilities and measurement of stock-based compensation. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Material changes in these estimates could occur in the future. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates if past experience or other assumptions do not turn out to be substantially accurate.

 

 

Pending Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and lease liability for most lease arrangements. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential changes from this ASU.

 

 

17


 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, which amends the guidance for accounting for revenue from contracts with customers. This ASU supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASC 605 and creates ASC 606. In 2015 and 2016, the FASB issued additional ASUs related to ASC 606 that delayed the effective date of the guidance for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and clarified various aspects of the new revenue guidance. ASC Topic 606 also impacts certain other areas, such as the accounting for costs to obtain or fulfill a contract, and requires disclosure of the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers.

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method and applied the new guidance to the most current period presented with the cumulative effect of changes reflected in the opening balance of accumulated deficit. The Company conducted an analysis with respect to its active revenue arrangements, including those with EUSA, CANbridge and Novartis International Pharmaceutical Ltd. (“Novartis”).

The adoption of ASC 606 resulted in an approximate $2.7 million increase in each of deferred revenue and the accumulated deficit at the transition date. The transition adjustment related solely to the Company’s revenue arrangement with EUSA. The transition adjustment resulted from a change to the Company’s accounting policy with respect to the recognition of milestone payments as a result of adopting ASC 606. Prior to the adoption of ASC 606, the Company generally recognized milestone payments in their entirety as revenue in the period the payment was earned. However, under ASC 606, milestone payments are considered to be a form of variable consideration that, upon inclusion in the transaction price, is recognized when (or as) the remaining performance obligation(s) are satisfied. Because the Company’s performance obligation under the EUSA Agreement was only partially satisfied at January 1, 2018, a milestone payment received under that arrangement prior to the January 1, 2018 transition date has not been fully recognized as revenue as under ASC 606 as of the transition date.

As a result of adopting ASC 606, the Company established a deferred revenue deferred tax asset, in the amount of $0.7 million, and a corresponding offsetting valuation allowance, such that there was not tax impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements as a result of adopting ASC 606.

There was no impact from adopting ASC 606 to the Company’s revenue arrangements with CANbridge and Novartis as (i) the Company did not have any unsatisfied performance obligations under the CANbridge Agreement and the Company’s license agreement with Novartis (the “Novartis Agreement”) upon the adoption of ASC 606 and (ii) the transaction price under ASC 606 as of the transition date was the same as the arrangement consideration under ASC Topic 605.

Financial results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018, are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Companys historical accounting under ASC 605.

The following table summarizes the cumulative effect of the adoption of ASC 606 to the Company’s contracts with customers that were not completed as of the January 1, 2018 transition date (in thousands):

 

 

 

Impact of ASC 606 Adoption on

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

as of January 1, 2018

 

 

 

As reported

under

ASC Topic 606

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

Balances

without

adoption of

ASC Topic 606

 

Deferred revenue, current portion

 

$

1,027

 

 

$

632

 

 

$

395

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

$

3,381

 

 

$

2,079

 

 

$

1,302

 

Accumulated deficit

 

$

(589,680

)

 

$

(2,711

)

 

$

(586,969

)

 

The following tables summarize the impact of the adoption of ASC 606 to the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements at March 31, 2018 and for the three months ended March 31, 2018 as follows (in thousands, except per share figures):

 

18


 

 

 

Impact of ASC 606 Adoption on

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet

as of March 31, 2018

 

 

 

As reported

under

ASC Topic 606

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

Balances

without

adoption of

ASC Topic 606

 

Deferred revenue, current portion

 

$

1,342

 

 

$

947

 

 

$

395

 

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

$

4,085

 

 

$

2,882

 

 

$

1,203

 

Accumulated deficit

 

$

(598,668

)

 

$

(3,829

)

 

$

(594,839

)

 

 

 

Impact of ASC 606 Adoption on

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations

and Comprehensive Loss

as of March 31, 2018

 

 

 

As reported

under

ASC Topic 606

 

 

Adjustments

 

 

Balances

without

adoption of

ASC Topic 606

 

Collaboration and licensing revenue

 

$

980

 

 

$

(1,118

)

 

$

2,098

 

Total revenues

 

$

1,026

 

 

$

(1,118

)

 

$

2,144

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

$

(8,988

)

 

$

(1,118<