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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

ANNUAL REPORT

PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

For the transition period from                     to                     

Commission File Number 0-21074

 

 

SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   77-0158076

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

9101 Wall Street, Suite 1300, Austin, Texas 78754

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (512) 334-8900

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock, $0.001 par value   The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☐ or No  ☒

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ☐ or No  ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒ or No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒ or No  ☐

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ☒

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer   ☐  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐ or No  ☒

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates was $15.7 million as of June 30, 2017 (the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter). The closing price of the common stock on that date was $1.74 as reported by the NASDAQ Capital Market. For purposes of this determination, we excluded the shares of common stock held by each officer and director and by each person who was known to us to own 10% or more of the outstanding common stock as of June 30, 2017. The exclusion of shares owned by the aforementioned individuals and entities from this calculation does not constitute an admission by any of such individuals or entities that he or it was or is an affiliate of ours.

We had 11,936,594 shares of common stock outstanding as of the close of business on March 15, 2018.

 

 

 


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SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT

Year Ended December 31, 2017

Unless otherwise noted, the terms “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to the combined and ongoing business operations of Superconductor Technologies Inc. and its subsidiaries

 

          Page  

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

     1  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

  

PART I

     

Item 1.

   Business      3  

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors      8  

Item 1B.

   Unresolved Staff Comments      17  

Item 2.

   Properties      17  

Item 3.

   Legal Proceedings      17  

Item 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures      17  

PART II

  

Item 5.

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      18  

Item 6.

   Selected Financial Data      19  

Item 7.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      20  

Item 7A.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      28  

Item 8.

   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      28  

Item 9.

   Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      28  

Item 9A.

   Controls and Procedures      28  

Item 9B.

   Other Information      29  

PART III

  

Item 10.

   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      29  

Item 11.

   Executive Compensation      37  

Item 12.

   Securities Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      40  

Item 13.

   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      41  

Item 14.

   Principal Accounting Fees and Services      41  

PART IV

  

Item 15.

   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      43  

Item 16.

   Form 10-K Summary      46  

 

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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-k (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We claim the protection of the safe harbor contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for these forward looking statements. Our forward-looking statements relate to future events or our future performance and include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our business strategy, future commercial revenues, market growth, capital requirements, new product introductions, expansion plans and the adequacy of our funding. Other statements contained in this Report that are not historical facts are also forward-looking statements. We have tried, wherever possible, to identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and other comparable terminology.

We caution investors that any forward-looking statements presented in this Report, or that we may make orally or in writing from time to time, are based on the beliefs of, assumptions made by, and information currently available to, us. Such statements are based on assumptions and the actual outcome will be affected by known and unknown risks, trends, uncertainties and factors that are beyond our control or ability to predict. Although we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, they are not guarantees of future performance and some will inevitably prove to be incorrect. As a result, our actual future results can be expected to differ from our expectations, and those differences may be material. Accordingly, investors should use caution in relying on past forward-looking statements, which are based on known results and trends at the time they are made, to anticipate future results or trends.

Some of the risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include the following:

 

    our limited cash and a history of losses;

 

    our need to materially grow our revenues from commercial operations and/or to raise additional capital (which financing may not be available on acceptable terms or at all) to continue to implement our current business plan and maintain our viability, with our existing cash reserves only expected to be sufficient into the third quarter of 2018;

 

    the performance and use of our equipment to produce wire in accordance with our timetable;

 

    overcoming technical challenges in attaining milestones to develop and manufacture commercial lengths of our high temperature superconducting (HTS) wire;

 

    the possibility of delays in customer evaluation and acceptance of our HTS wire;

 

    the limited number of potential customers and customer pressures on the selling prices of our products;

 

    the limited number of suppliers for some of our components and our HTS wire;

 

    there being no significant backlog from quarter to quarter;

 

    our market being characterized by rapidly advancing technology;

 

    the impact of competitive products, technologies and pricing;

 

    manufacturing capacity constraints and difficulties;

 

    the impact of any financing activity on the level of our stock price;

 

    the dilutive impact of any issuances of securities to raise capital;

 

    cost and uncertainty from compliance with environmental regulations;

 

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    local, regional, and national and international economic conditions and events, and the impact they may have on us and our customers, and;

 

    if we fail to maintain the listing of our common stock with a U.S. national securities exchange, the liquidity of our common stock could be adversely affected.

For further discussion of these and other factors see, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors” in this Report.

This Report and all subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report.

 

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PART I

 

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

We are a leading company in developing and commercializing high temperature superconductor (“HTS”) materials and related technologies. Superconductivity is the unique ability to conduct electricity with little or no resistance when cooled to “critical” temperatures. HTS materials are a family of elements that demonstrate superconducting properties at temperatures significantly warmer than previous superconducting materials. Electric currents that flow through conventional conductors encounter resistance. This resistance requires power to overcome and generates heat. HTS materials can substantially improve the performance characteristics of electrical systems, reduce power loss, and lower heat generation providing extremely high current carrying density and zero resistance to direct current.

We were established in 1987 shortly after the discovery of HTS materials. Our stated objective was to develop products based on these materials for the commercial marketplace.

After analyzing the market opportunities available, we decided to develop products for the utility and telecommunications industries.

Our initial product was completed in 1998 and we began delivery to a number of wireless network providers. In the following 13 years, we continued to refine and improve the platform, with the primary focus on improving reliability, increasing performance and runtime, and most importantly, removing cost from the manufacturing process of the required subsystems. Our cost reducing efforts led to the invention of our proprietary, high-yield and high throughput HTS material deposition manufacturing process.

In late 2010, we transitioned our research and development efforts to adapting our proprietary HTS material deposition techniques to the production of our HTS Conductus® wire for next generation power applications, which is our primary opportunity to grow our future revenues.

In November 2016, we were selected as the prime recipient of the $4.5 million program award provided by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), on behalf of the Advanced Manufacturing Office, for its Next Generation Electric Machines (NGEMs) program and, in June 2017, the related contract was finalized and we have now commenced work under that contract. See ‘Other Assets and Investments’ below.

In early 2018, we announced the concentration of our future Conductus wire product development efforts on NGEMs to capitalize on several accelerating energy megatrends. This refined focus is very synergistic with our program with the Department of Energy (DOE) award for the development of superconducting wire to enable NGEMs.

Our Proprietary Technology

Our development efforts over the last 30 years have yielded an extensive patent portfolio as well as critical trade secrets, unpatented technology and proprietary knowledge. We have an extensive patent portfolio in addition to critical trade secrets, unpatented technology and proprietary knowledge. In June 2016, we were awarded U.S. Patent No. 9,362,025 from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) further protecting our unique capabilities for improving the performance of our Conductus® superconducting wire in applications that utilize the advantages for operating in the presence of high magnetic field. In February 2017 we were awarded two patents from the USPTO: U.S. Patent No. 9,564,258, associated with U.S. Patent No. 9,362,025, providing additional protection for the foundation from which we will build high performance wire for our customers, and U.S. Patent No. 9,567,661 protecting the system design developed by STI to improve monitoring efficiency when

 

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evaporating materials in vacuum. In July 2017, EU patent 2188495 (08797906.8) was granted, this patent follows the U.S. Patent granted by U.S. 8,607,560. This patent is focused on METHOD FOR CENTERING RECIPROCATING BODIES AND STRUCTURES MANUFACTURED THEREWITH, related to our Sapphire Cryocooler. Our current patents expire at various dates from 2018 to 2034. We enter into confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements with our employees, suppliers and consultants to protect our proprietary information.

Our strategic plan is to utilize our core proprietary technology in superconductivity and leverage our proprietary manufacturing processes to build Conductus wire for use in electrical power devices, including NGEMs. As discussed above, we are adapting our unique HTS material deposition techniques to produce our energy efficient, cost-effective and high performance Conductus wire technology for next generation power applications. We have identified three energy market megatrends that can be addressed by superconducting wire: decentralized renewable energy, high energy efficiency and sustainable transportation. We are working with leading industry device manufactures to complete qualification and acceptance testing of Conductus wire. Our plan is for significant commercial production of Conductus wire following completion of qualification orders.

Our development efforts (including those described under “Our Future Business” below) can take a significant number of years to commercialize, and we must overcome significant technical barriers and deal with other significant risks, some of which are set out in our public filings, including in particular the “Risk Factors” included in Item 1A of this Report.

Our Future Business

We have created several unique capabilities and HTS manufacturing systems related to our Conductus wire platform that we are seeking to produce by leveraging our leadership in superconducting technologies, extensive intellectual property and HTS manufacturing expertise.

HTS Wire Platform

Our Conductus wire product development is focused on large markets where the advantages of HTS wire are recognized by the industry. Our initial product roadmap targets three important applications: superconducting high power transmission cable, superconducting fault current limiters (SFCL) and high field magnets, including those used in next generation electrical machines (NGEMs).

Superconducting High Power Transmission Cable:

Superconducting high power transmission and distribution cable transmit 5 to 10 times the electrical current of traditional copper or aluminum cables with significantly improved efficiency. HTS power cable systems consist of the cable, which is comprised of 100’s of strands of HTS wire wrapped around a copper core, and the cryogenic cooling system to maintain proper operating conditions. HTS power cables are particularly suited to high load areas such as the dense urban business districts of large cities, where purchases of easements and construction costs for traditional low capacity cables may be cost prohibitive. The primary application for HTS cables is medium voltage feeds to load pockets in dense urban areas. In these high demand zones the grid is often saturated with aging infrastructure. HTS technology brings a considerable amount of power to new locations where the construction of additional transmission to distribution substations, with major transformer assets, is not feasible. Another potential use of HTS power cable is to improve grid power transmission by connecting two existing substations. In dense urban environments many substations often reach capacity limits and require redundant transformer capacity to improve reliability. HTS cables can tie these existing stations together, avoiding very costly transformer upgrades and construction costs.

Superconducting Fault Current Limiter (SFCL):

With power demand on the rise and new power generation sources being added, the grid has become overcrowded and vulnerable to catastrophic faults. Faults are abnormal flows of electrical current like a short

 

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circuit. As the grid is stressed, faults and power blackouts increase in frequency and severity. SFCLs act like powerful surge protectors, preventing harmful faults from taking down substation equipment by reducing the fault current to a safer level (20 – 50% reduction) so that the existing switchgear can still protect the grid. Currently, electrical-utilities use massive 80kA circuit breakers, oversized transformers and fuses to prevent faults from damaging their equipment and protecting against surges. However, once a fault has occurred, standard circuit breakers suffer destructive failure and need to be replaced before service can be restored. In addition, Smart Grid and embedded alternative energy generation enhancements will increase the need for SCFLs. Grid operators face a major challenge in moving power safely and efficiently, from generators to consumers, through several stages of voltage transformation step downs and step ups. At each stage, valuable energy is lost in the form of waste heat. Moreover, while demands are continually rising, space for transformers and substations — especially in dense urban areas — is severely limited. Conventional oil-cooled transformers pose a fire and environmental hazard. Compact, efficient superconducting transformers, by contrast, are cooled by safe, abundant and environmentally benign liquid nitrogen. As an additional benefit, these actively-cooled devices will offer the capability of operating in overload, to twice the nameplate rating, without any loss of life to meet occasional utility peak load demands.

Superconducting High Field magnets:

There are a variety of applications that utilize superconducting magnets in order to capitalize on their unique ability to create extremely high magnetic fields. The NMR and MRI machines of today utilize such superconducting magnets for this very reason. Currently, high-field superconducting magnets are manufactured using commercially available superconducting wire such as niobium-titanium (NbTi) or niobium-tin (Nb3Sn). NMR and MRI device manufacturers and manufacturers of other NGEMs look towards advances in superconducting technologies to improve the overall performance of their systems by dramatically increasing the magnetic fields while reducing size. High demand for a robust, high performance and low cost superconducting wire has spurred rapid development of a next generation alternative. In the last 10 years, new second generation (2G) Rare Earth, Barium, Copper Oxide (ReBCO) superconducting materials have been proven to drastically increase magnetic field strengths, especially at low temperatures. These advanced ReBCO based superconductors now provide an excellent alternative to NbTi and Nb3Sn based materials.

Other Assets and Investments

In November 2016, we were selected as the prime recipient of the $4.5 million program award provided by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, on behalf of the Advanced Manufacturing Office, for its Next Generation Electric Machines (NGEM) program. We are collaborating in this program with TECO-Westinghouse Motor Company, an industry leading manufacturer of electric generators and motors, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University of North Texas. The combined team will focus on improving the manufacturing process of superconductive wires to improve performance and yield while reducing cost at high enough temperatures where nitrogen can be used as the cryogenic fluid. Advancing these enabling technologies has the potential to boost the competitiveness of American manufacturers and take the development of more efficient electric machines a giant step further. These technology R&D projects aim to significantly improve industrial motors for manufacturing, helping companies who use these motors in manufacturing save energy and money over the long run.

In September 2014, STI and Robinson Research Institute entered a strategic agreement to jointly engage end customers and partners in the building of superconductor products utilizing our Conductus® superconducting wire and Robinson Research Institute’s superconducting device technology. The Robinson Research Institute, based at Victoria University of Wellington in New Zealand, has unique capabilities in the production of HTS Roebel cable used in superconducting machines and magnets, and in the development of HTS MRI and HTS transformers. The Robinson Research Institute has been a valuable ally as we prepare for the commercial launch of Conductus wire; Robinson’s performance characterization expertise and applications knowledge are truly impressive. Robinson is an expert in the development of innovative superconducting products. Jointly, we have

 

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identified initial projects including applications such as rotating machines, transformers, scientific magnets and MRI systems. Additionally, Robinson and its partners have a strong focus on Asia and we believe our agreement will help us expand our reach into that fast-growing market. Working alongside many industry leaders, the Robinson Research Institute and its partners have built superconducting devices for the energy industry, recently completing a transformer for use in the electrical grid. In the healthcare market, Robinson has focused on applications of MRI systems where HTS wire gives a competitive advantage.

In 2007, we formed a joint venture with Hunchun BaoLi Communication Co. Ltd. (“BAOLI”) to manufacture and sell our SuperLink interference elimination solution in China. We used the equity method of accounting for our 45 percent joint venture interest. The joint venture agreement specified our joint venture partner to supply the capital and local expertise, and for us to provide a license of certain technology and supply key parts for manufacturing. Since 2007, there has been no significant progress to manufacture and sell our SuperLink interference elimination solution in China and the parties have not completed their contributions to the joint venture within the two year period specified by the agreement and Chinese law. We see our primary opportunity to grow future revenues with the production of our HTS Conductus® wire, and have not included this joint venture in our current planning for future revenues.

Licenses

We grant licenses for our technology to other companies. We have granted licenses to, among others, (1) Bruker for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance application, (2) General Dynamics for government applications, (3) Star Cryoelectronics for Superconducting Quantum Interference Device applications and (4) Theva for network infrastructure wireless electronic devices.

Government Contracts

For 2017, government related contracts accounted for 98% of our revenues. Going forward, as we focus our efforts on production of our Conductus wire for next generation power applications, we expect these contract revenues to be a less significant part of our revenues. We did not generate revenues from government contracts in 2016 and 2015.

Manufacturing

Our manufacturing process involves the operation of sophisticated production equipment and material handling by production technicians. We purchase inventory components and manufacture inventory based on existing customer purchase requests, and to a lesser extent, on sales forecasts. Our Austin, Texas facility addresses our growth expectations for our superconducting wire initiative. The opening of this facility coincided with the delivery of our first superconducting wire production equipment in early 2012. Sales of our Conductus wire are expected to increase as we move to commercial production of Conductus wire following completion of qualification orders.

A number of components used in our products are available from only a limited number of outside suppliers due to unique designs, as well as certain quality and performance requirements. We do not have guaranteed supply arrangements with any of these suppliers, do not maintain an extensive inventory of parts or components and customarily purchase sole or limited source parts and components pursuant to purchase orders. Our reliance on sole or limited source suppliers involves certain risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and some of which are set out in our public filings, including in particular the “Risk Factors” included in Item 1A of this Report.

Marketing and Sales

We utilize a direct selling model due to the concentrated customer base for superconducting wire.

 

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Competition

We face competition in various aspects of our technology and product development. Our products compete on the basis of performance, functionality, reliability, pricing, quality and compliance with industry standards. Our primary competitors include American Superconductor (AMSC), SuperPower (Furukawa), SuNam, Bruker, Shanghai Superconductor, BASF, SuperOx, Fujikura, Sumitomo, Shanghai Creative Superconductor Technologies Co., Ltd(SCSC), Oxolutia, MetOx and THEVA.

Research and Development

Our 2015 through 2017 research and development activities were focused entirely on developing our Conductus wire product. We spent a total of $2.6 million, $2.8 million and $4.1 million for 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, on research and development.

Environmental Issues

We use certain hazardous materials in our research, development and manufacturing operations. As a result, we are subject to stringent federal, state and local regulations governing the storage, use and disposal of such materials. Current or future laws and regulations could require substantial expenditures for preventative or remedial action, reduction of chemical exposure, waste treatment or disposal. Although we believe that our safety procedures for the handling and disposing of hazardous materials comply with the standards prescribed by state and federal regulations, there is always the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials. To date, we have not incurred substantial expenditures for preventive action with respect to hazardous materials or for remedial action with respect to any hazardous materials accident. However, the use and disposal of hazardous materials involves the risk that we could incur substantial expenditures for such preventive or remedial actions. If such an accident were to occur, we could be held liable for resulting damages. The liability in the event of an accident or the costs of such remedial actions could exceed our resources or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Corporate Information

Our facilities and principal executive offices are located at 9101 Wall Street, Suite 1300, Austin, Texas 78754. Our telephone number is (512) 334-8900. We were incorporated in Delaware on May 11, 1987. Additional information about us is available on our website at www.suptech.com. The information on our web site is not incorporated herein by reference.

Employees

As of December 31, 2017, we had a total of 22 full time employees. None of our employees are represented by a labor union, and we believe that our employee relations are good.

Backlog

Our commercial backlog consists of accepted product purchase orders with scheduled delivery dates during the next twelve months. We had commercial backlog of $48,000 at December 31, 2017, compared to $43,000 at December 31, 2016. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, in addition to this commercial backlog, we had evaluation and qualification orders with unspecified delivery dates for $80,000 and $45,000, respectively.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

The following section includes some of the material factors that may adversely affect our business and operations. This is not an exhaustive list, and additional factors could adversely affect our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. This discussion of risk factors includes many forward-looking statements. For cautions about relying on such forward looking statements, please refer to the section entitled “Forward Looking Statements” at the beginning of this Report immediately prior to Item 1.

Risks Related to Our Business

We have a history of losses and may never become profitable.

In each of our last five years, we have experienced significant net losses and negative cash flows from operations. In 2017, we incurred a net loss of $9.5 million and had negative cash flows from operations of $7.4 million. In 2016, we incurred a net loss of $11.1 million and had negative cash flows from operations of $8.1 million. Our independent registered public accounting firm has included in its audit reports an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. If we fail to increase our revenues, we may not achieve and may not maintain profitability, we may not realize our investment in infrastructure, and may not meet our expectations or the expectations of financial analysts who report on our stock.

We may need to raise additional capital. If we are unable to raise capital our ability to implement our current business plan and ultimately our viability as a company could be adversely affected

At December 31, 2017, we had $3.1 million in cash and cash equivalents. On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was approximately $1.7 million. Our current forecast is that our existing cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the third quarter of 2018. Our cash resources will not be sufficient to fund our business through March 30, 2019. Therefore, unless we can materially grow our revenues from commercial operations during such period, we will need to raise additional capital during the next 12-months to continue to implement our current business plan and maintain the viability of the Company.

We believe the key factors to our future liquidity will be our ability to successfully use our expertise and our technology to generate revenues in various ways, including commercial operations, joint ventures and licenses. Because of the expected timing and uncertainty of these factors, we will need to raise funds to meet our working capital needs.

Additional financing may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. If we issue additional equity securities to raise funds, the ownership percentage of our existing stockholders would be reduced. New investors may demand rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock and could also require that we issue warrants in connection with sales of our stock. If we cannot raise any needed funds to grow our commercial resources, we might be forced to make changes to, or delay aspects of, our business plan which could adversely affect our ability to implement our current business plan and ultimately our viability as a company.

 

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Our strategic initiative to develop a new wire platform may not prove to be successful and our decision to focus our research and development efforts on next generation power applications (NGEMs) may not be the most advantageous market opportunity for HTS.

We have spent a considerable amount of resources in developing a new wire platform for power applications. In late 2010, we transitioned our research and development efforts to adapting our proprietary HTS material deposition techniques to the production of our HTS Conductus® wire. In early 2018, we announced the concentration of our future Conductus® wire product development efforts on NGEMs to capitalize on several accelerating energy megatrends. While this refined focus is very synergistic with our program with the Department of Energy (DOE) award for the development of superconducting wire to enable NGEMs other applications for the use of HTS wire may ultimately prove to have been more advantageous to us had we not focused on NGEMs.

Substantial technical and business challenges remain before we can have a commercially successful product introduction. We may not be able to overcome these challenges in a timely or cost effective manner, if at all. Such a failure could adversely impact our prospects, liquidity, stock price and carrying value of our fixed assets.

There are numerous technological challenges that must be overcome in order for our Conductus wire to become commercially successful and our ability to address such technological challenges may adversely affect our ability to gain customers.

Our plan is for commercial production of Conductus wire following completion of qualification orders. We have experienced in the past, and may continue to experience, delays in achieving commercial production of Conductus®. Commercialization can be delayed, among other factors, by technological challenges as we seek to improve our products and processes, delays from customer qualification orders and customer analysis of those orders, and decisions made by our customers with respect to post-qualification orders. Many of the factors that affect successful commercialization of our products are affected by third party decisions.

Conductus® wire is uniquely positioned to address three key technical challenges in the market: high performance, improved economics and commercial-scale capacity. To date, we, along with existing HTS wire manufacturers, have not overcome these challenges to allow for broad commercialization of HTS wire. Customers cannot purchase long-length wire with any reasonable confidence or guaranteed volume; and electric utilities lack confidence in product availability which leads to delays in their deployment roadmap. HTS wire performance is currently below what many customers require. Many power applications require high performance wire with high current carrying capacity, mechanical durability, electrical integrity with low AC losses and minimal splices. Producing high performance HTS wire has proven difficult, especially at volumes required for large scale deployment. The high demand for high performance wire available in very low volume results in a high wire price that narrows the market and limits commercial viability.

We have made significant progress in these areas, however delays in our Conductus wire development, as a result of technological challenges or other factors, may result in the introduction or commercial acceptance of our Conductus wire products later than expected.

The commercial uses of superconducting wire and superconducting wire related products are limited today, and a broad commercial market may not develop.

Even if the technological hurdles are overcome, there is no certainty that a robust commercial market for unproven HTS wire products will come to fruition. To date, commercial use of HTS wire has been limited to small feasibility demonstrations, and these projects are largely subsidized by government authorities. While customer demand is high and market forecasts project large revenue opportunity for superconducting wire in power applications, the market may not develop and superconducting wire might never achieve long term, broad commercialization. In such an event, we would not be able to commercialize our Conductus wire initiative and our business could be adversely impacted.

 

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We have limited experience marketing and selling superconducting wire products, and our failure to effectively market and sell our superconducting wire solutions would lower our revenue and cash flow.

We have limited experience marketing and selling our Conductus wire. Once our Conductus wire is ready for commercial use, we will have to hire and develop a marketing and sales team to effectively demonstrate the advantages of our product over both more traditional products and competing superconducting products or other adjacent technologies. We may not be successful in our efforts to market this new technology.

We expect continued customer pressures to reduce our product pricing which may adversely affect our ability to operate on a commercially viable basis.

We expect to face pressure to reduce prices and accordingly, the average selling price of our Conductus wire. We anticipate customer pressure on our product pricing will continue for the foreseeable future. HTS wire is currently being sold at $250/kiloampere-meter (kA-m). At this price, HTS wire represents more than half the cost of the end device. A price reduction is required for long term commercialization. Cryogenic systems, including cryocoolers and cryostats, have been developed but will also need to be cost optimized as HTS wire becomes available in volume. We have plans to further reduce the manufacturing cost of our products, but there is no assurance that our future cost reduction efforts will keep pace with price erosion. We will need to further reduce our manufacturing costs through engineering improvements and economies of scale in production and purchasing in order to achieve adequate gross margins. We may not be able to achieve the required product cost savings at a rate needed to keep pace with competitive pricing pressure. Additionally, we may be forced to discount future orders or may never reach commercial viability. If we fail to reach our cost saving objectives or we are required to offer future discounts, our business may be harmed.

We face competition with respect to various aspects of our technology and product development.

Our current wireless products compete on the basis of performance, functionality, reliability, pricing, quality, and compliance with industry standards. With respect to our Conductus wire materials, our competition includes American Superconductor (AMSC), SuperPower (Furukawa), SuNam , Bruker, Shanghai Superconductor, BASF, SuperOx, Fujikura, Sumitomo and THEVA. In addition, we currently supply components and license technology to several companies that may eventually decide to manufacture or design their own HTS components, rather than purchasing or licensing our technology. If we are unable to compete successfully against our current or future competitors, then our business and results of operations will be adversely affected.

We may not be able to compete effectively against alternative technologies.

Our products also compete with a number of alternative approaches and technologies. Some of these alternatives may be more cost effective or offer better performance than our products and we may not succeed in competing against these alternatives.

We currently rely on specific technologies and may not successfully adapt to the rapidly changing market environments.

We must overcome technical challenges to commercialize our Conductus wire. If we are able to do so, we will need to attain customer acceptance of our Conductus wire, and we cannot ensure that such acceptance will occur. We will have to continue to develop and integrate advances to our core technologies. We will also need to continue to develop and integrate advances in complementary technologies. We cannot guarantee that our development efforts will not be rendered obsolete by research efforts and technological advances made by others. Our business success depends upon our ability to keep pace with advancing technology, including materials, processes and industry standards.

 

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We may experience significant fluctuations in sales and operating results from quarter to quarter.

Our quarterly results may fluctuate due to a number of factors, including:

 

    the lack of any contractual obligation by our customers to purchase their forecasted demand for our products;

 

    variations in the timing, cancellation, or rescheduling of customer orders and shipments; and

 

    high fixed expenses that may disproportionately impact operating expenses, especially during a quarter with a sales shortfall.

If our customers desire to purchase products in excess of the forecasted amounts or in a different product mix, there may not be enough inventory or manufacturing capacity to fill their orders.

Due to these and other factors, our past results have limited predictive value as to our Conductus wire initiative. Future revenues and operating results may not meet the expectations of stock analysts and investors. In either case, the price of our common stock could be materially adversely affected.

Worldwide economic uncertainty may adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

The United States and global economies continue to experience a period of economic and financial uncertainty, which could result in economic volatility having direct and indirect adverse effects on our business, operating results and financial condition in a number of ways. For example, current or potential customers may delay or decrease spending with us, may delay paying us for previously purchased products, or may not pay us at all. In addition, this recent downturn has had, and may continue to have, an unprecedented negative impact on the global credit markets. If we are required to obtain financing in the near term to meet our working capital or other business needs, we may not be able to obtain that financing. Further, even if we are able to obtain the financing we need, it may be on terms that are not favorable to us, with increased financing costs and restrictive covenants.

Our reliance on a limited number of suppliers and the long lead time of components for our products could impair our ability to manufacture and deliver our systems on a timely basis.

A number of components used in our products are available from a limited number of outside suppliers due to unique designs as well as certain quality and performance requirements. Our reliance on sole or limited source suppliers involves certain risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. These include the possibility of a shortage or the discontinuation of certain key components. Any reduced availability of these parts or components when required could impair our ability to manufacture and deliver our systems on a timely basis and result in the delay or cancellation of orders, which could harm our business.

In addition, the purchase of some of our key components involves long lead times and, in the event of unanticipated increases in demand for our solutions, we may be unable to obtain these components in sufficient quantities to meet our customers’ requirements. We do not have guaranteed supply arrangements with any of these suppliers, do not maintain an extensive inventory of parts or components and customarily purchase sole or limited source parts and components pursuant to purchase orders. Business disruptions, quality issues, production shortfalls or financial difficulties of a sole or limited source supplier could materially and adversely affect us by increasing product costs, or eliminating or delaying the availability of such parts or components. In such events, our inability to develop alternative sources of supply quickly and on a cost-effective basis could impair our ability to manufacture and deliver our systems on a timely basis and could harm our business.

Our reliance on a limited number of suppliers exposes us to quality control issues.

Our reliance on certain single-source and limited-source components exposes us to quality control issues if these suppliers experience a failure in their production process or otherwise fail to meet our quality requirements.

 

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A failure in single-source or limited-source components or products could force us to repair or replace a product utilizing replacement components. If we cannot obtain comparable replacements or effectively return or redesign our products, we could lose customer orders or incur additional costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our gross margins and results of operations.

Our ability to protect our patents and other proprietary rights is uncertain, exposing us to possible losses of competitive advantage.

Our efforts to protect our proprietary rights may not succeed in preventing infringement by others or ensure that these rights will provide us with a competitive advantage. Pending patent applications may not result in issued patents and the validity of issued patents may be subject to challenge. Third parties may also be able to design around the patented aspects of the products. Additionally, certain of the issued patents and patent applications are owned jointly with third parties. Because any owner or co-owner of a patent can license its rights under jointly-owned patents or applications, inventions made by us jointly with others are not subject to our exclusive control. Any of these possible events could result in losses of competitive advantage.

We depend on specific patents and licenses to technologies, and we will likely need additional technologies in the future that we may not be able to obtain.

We utilize technologies under licenses of patents from others for our products. These patents may be subject to challenge, which may result in significant litigation expense (which may or may not be recoverable against future royalty obligations). Additionally, we continually try to develop new products, and, in the course of doing so, we may be required to utilize intellectual property rights owned by others and may seek licenses to do so. Such licenses may not be obtainable on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. It is also possible that we may inadvertently utilize intellectual property rights held by others, which could result in substantial claims.

Intellectual property infringement claims against us could materially harm results of operations.

Our products incorporate a number of technologies, including high-temperature superconductor technology, technology related to other materials, and electronics technologies. Our patent positions, and that of other companies using high-temperature superconductor technology, is uncertain and there is significant risk that others, including our competitors or potential competitors, have obtained or will obtain patents relating to our products or technologies or products or technologies planned to be introduced by us.

We believe that patents may be or have been issued, or applications may be pending, claiming various compositions of matter used in our products. We may need to secure one or more licenses of these patents. There can be no assurances that such licenses could be obtained on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. We may be required to expend significant resources to develop alternatives that would not infringe such patents or to obtain licenses to the related technology. We may not be able to successfully design around these patents or obtain licenses to them and may have to defend ourselves at substantial cost against allegations of infringement of third party patents or other rights to intellectual property. In those circumstances, we could face significant liabilities and also be forced to cease the use of key technology.

Other parties may have the right to utilize technology important to our business.

We utilize certain intellectual property rights under non-exclusive licenses or have granted to others the right to utilize certain intellectual property rights licensed from a third party. Because we may not have the exclusive rights to utilize such intellectual property, other parties may be able to compete with us, which may harm our business.

 

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Because competition for target employees is intense, we may be subject to claims of unfair hiring practices, trade secret misappropriation or other related claims.

Companies in HTS wire industries whose employees accept positions with competitors frequently claim that competitors have engaged in unfair hiring practices, trade secret misappropriation or other related claims. We may be subject to such claims in the future as we seek to hire qualified personnel, and such claims may result in material litigation. If this should occur, we could incur substantial costs in defending against these claims, regardless of their merits.

Our success depends on the attraction and retention of senior management and technical personnel with relevant expertise.

As a competitor in a highly technical market, we depend heavily upon the efforts of our existing senior management and technical teams. The loss of the services of one or more members of these teams could slow product development and commercialization objectives. Due to the specialized nature of our products, we also depend upon our ability to attract and retain qualified technical personnel with substantial industry knowledge and expertise. Competition for qualified personnel is intense, and we may not be able to continue to attract and retain qualified personnel necessary for the development of our business.

Regulatory changes could substantially harm our business.

Certain regulatory agencies in the United States and other countries set standards for operations within their territories. HTS wire is subject to a regulatory regime, which may become more strictly regulated if the market grows. Any failure or delay in obtaining necessary approvals could harm our business.

We may acquire or make investments in companies or technologies that could cause loss of value to stockholders and disruption of business.

We may explore opportunities to acquire companies or technologies in the future. Other than the acquisition of Conductus, Inc. in 2002, we have not made any such acquisitions or investments to date and, therefore, our ability as an organization to make acquisitions or investments is unproven. An acquisition entails many risks, any of which could adversely affect our business, including:

 

    failure to integrate operations, services and personnel;

 

    the price paid may exceed the value eventually realized;

 

    loss of share value to existing stockholders as a result of issuing equity securities to finance an acquisition;

 

    potential loss of key employees from either our then current business or any acquired business;

 

    entering into markets in which we have little or no prior experience;

 

    diversion of financial resources and management’s attention from other business concerns;

 

    assumption of unanticipated liabilities related to the acquired assets; and

 

    the business or technologies acquired or invested in may have limited operating histories and may be subjected to many of the same risks to which we are exposed.

In addition, future acquisitions may result in potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, or the incurrence of debt, contingent liabilities or amortization expenses or charges related to goodwill or other intangible assets, any of which could harm our business. As a result, if we fail to properly evaluate and execute acquisitions or investments, our business and prospects may be seriously harmed.

 

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If we are unable to implement appropriate controls and procedures to manage our potential growth, we may not be able to successfully offer our products and implement our business plan.

Our ability to successfully offer our products and implement our business plan in a rapidly evolving market requires an effective planning and management process. Growth in future operations would place a significant strain on management systems and resources. We expect that we would need to improve our financial and managerial controls, reporting systems and procedures, and would need to expand, train and manage our work force worldwide. Furthermore, we expect that we would be required to manage multiple relationships with various customers and other third parties.

Compliance with environmental regulations could be especially costly due to the hazardous materials used in the manufacturing process. In addition, we could incur expenditures related to hazardous material accidents.

We are subject to a number of federal, state and local governmental regulations related to the use, storage, discharge and disposal of toxic, volatile or otherwise hazardous chemicals used in our business. Current or future laws and regulations could require substantial expenditures for preventative or remedial action, reduction of chemical exposure, waste treatment or disposal. Any failure to comply with present or future regulations could result in the imposition of fines, suspension of production or interruption of operations. In addition, these regulations could restrict our ability to expand or could require us to acquire costly equipment or incur other significant expense to comply with environmental regulations or to clean up prior discharges.

In addition, although we believe that our safety procedures for the handling and disposing of hazardous materials comply with the standards prescribed by state and federal regulations, there is always the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials. To date, we have not incurred substantial expenditures for preventive action with respect to hazardous materials or for remedial action with respect to any hazardous materials accident, but the use and disposal of hazardous materials involves risk that we could incur substantial expenditures for such preventive or remedial actions. If such an accident were to occur, we could be held liable for resulting damages. The liability in the event of an accident or the costs of such remedial actions could exceed our resources or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

The reliability of market data included in our public filings is uncertain.

Since we operate in a rapidly changing market, we have in the past, and may from time to time in the future, include market data from industry publications and our own internal estimates in some of the documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The reliability of this data cannot be assured. Industry publications generally state that the information contained in these publications has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but that its accuracy and completeness is not guaranteed. Although we believe that the market data used in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission is and will be reliable, it has not been independently verified. Similarly, internal company estimates, while believed by us to be reliable, have not been verified by any independent sources.

Our international operations expose us to certain risks.

In 2007, we formed a joint venture with BAOLI to manufacture and sell our SuperLink interference elimination solution in China. In addition to facing many of the risks faced by our domestic business, if that joint venture or any other international operation we may have is to be successful, we (together with any joint venture partner) must recruit the necessary personnel and develop the facilities needed to manufacture and sell the products involved, learn about the local market (which may be significantly different from our domestic market), build brand awareness among potential customers and compete successfully with local organizations with greater market knowledge and potentially greater resources than we have. We must also obtain a number of critical governmental approvals from both the United States and the local country governments on a timely basis,

 

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including those related to any transfers of our technology. We must establish sufficient controls on any foreign operations to ensure that those operations are operated in accordance with our interests, that our intellectual property is protected and that our involvement does not inadvertently create potential competitors. There can be no assurance that these conditions will be met. Even if they are met, the process of building our international operations could divert financial resources and management attention from other business concerns. Finally, our international operations will also be subject to the general risks of international operations, such as:

 

    changes in exchange rates;

 

    international political and economic conditions;

 

    changes in government regulation in various countries;

 

    trade barriers;

 

    adverse tax consequences; and

Risks Related to Our Common Stock

Our stock price is volatile.

The market price of our common stock has been, and is expected to be, subject to significant volatility. The value of our common stock may decline regardless of our operating performance or prospects. Factors affecting our market price include:

 

    our perceived prospects and liquidity;

 

    progress or any lack of progress (or perceptions related to progress) in timely overcoming the remaining substantial technical and commercial challenges related to our Conductus wire initiative;

 

    variations in our operating results and whether we have achieved key business targets;

 

    changes in, or our failure to meet, earnings estimates;

 

    changes in securities analysts’ buy/sell recommendations;

 

    differences between our reported results and those expected by investors and securities analysts;

 

    announcements of new contracts by us or our competitors;

 

    market reaction to any acquisitions, joint ventures or strategic investments announced by us or our competitors; and

 

    general economic, political or stock market conditions.

Recent events have caused stock prices for many companies, including ours, to fluctuate in ways unrelated or disproportionate to their operating performance. The general economic, political and stock market conditions that may affect the market price of our common stock are beyond our control. The market price of our common stock at any particular time may not remain the market price in the future.

If we fail to maintain the listing of our common stock with a U.S. national securities exchange, the liquidity of our common stock could be adversely affected.

Our ability to publicly or privately sell equity securities and the liquidity of our common stock could be adversely affected if we are delisted from the NASDAQ Capital Market or if we are unable to transfer our listing to another stock market.

Our common stock is listed for trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market. NASDAQ has adopted a number of continued listing standards that are applicable to our common stock, including a requirement that the bid price

 

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of our common stock be at least $1.00 per share. Failure to maintain the minimum bid price can result in the delisting of our common stock from the NASDAQ Capital Market. We have previously fallen out of compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. On July 18, 2016 we effected a one-for-fifteen reverse stock split in connection with regaining compliance with the minimum bid requirement following a notice from the Listing Qualifications Department of the Nasdaq Stock Market on October 30, 2015 and received a notice of re-compliance from the Listing Qualifications Department of the Nasdaq Stock Market on August 2, 2016. We currently have approximately 11,936,594 million publicly held shares as of March 15, 2018. Because of NASDAQ’s continued listing standard which requires that we maintain at least 500,000 publicly held shares, our ability to effectuate a reverse split in the future is limited to a reverse split ratio that would maintain compliance with such publicly held share requirement. This effective limit to a reverse split ratio could prevent us from remediating a minimum bid price violation under circumstances where our stock price was substantially below $1.00 and a higher ratio was needed to remediate the noncompliance.

If our common stock is delisted by NASDAQ, our common stock may be eligible to trade on the OTC Bulletin Board, OTC QB or another over-the-counter market. Any such alternative would likely result in it being more difficult for us to raise additional capital through the public or private sale of equity securities and for investors to dispose of, or obtain accurate quotations as to the market value of, our common stock. In addition, there can be no assurance that our common stock would be eligible for trading on any such alternative exchange or markets.

We have a significant number of outstanding warrants and options, and future sales of the shares obtained upon exercise of these options or warrants could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

As of December 31, 2017, we had outstanding options exercisable for an aggregate of 126,130 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $37.03 per share and warrants to purchase up to 9,294,161 shares of our common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $3.12 per share. Of such warrants, an aggregate of 274,492 warrants originally issued in our August 2013 financing include a price adjustment mechanism whereby the exercise price of such warrants will be automatically reduced, subject to limitations, to the extent we issue shares of our common stock, or equivalents, at a price lower than the then applicable exercise price of such warrants which is currently $1.14. The holders may sell these shares in the public markets from time to time under a registration statement or under Rule 144, without limitations on the timing, amount or method of sale. As our stock price rises, the holders may exercise their warrants and options and sell a large number of shares. This could cause the market price of our common stock to decline.

Our corporate governance structure may prevent our acquisition by another company at a premium over the public trading price of our shares.

It is possible that the acquisition of a majority of our outstanding voting stock by another company could result in our stockholders receiving a premium over the public trading price for our shares. Provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws, each as amended, and of Delaware corporate law could delay or make more difficult an acquisition of our company by merger, tender offer or proxy contest, even if it would create an immediate benefit to our stockholders. For example, our restated certificate of incorporation does not permit stockholders to act by written consent, and our bylaws generally require ninety days advance notice of any matters to be brought before the stockholders at an annual or special meeting.

In addition, our board of directors has the authority to issue up to 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock and to determine the terms, rights and preferences of this preferred stock, including voting rights of those shares, without any further vote or action by the stockholders. At March 15, 2018, 1,374,845 shares of preferred stock remained unissued. The rights of the holders of common stock may be subordinate to, and adversely affected by, the rights of holders of preferred stock that may be issued in the future. The issuance of preferred stock could also make it more difficult for a third party to acquire a majority of our outstanding voting stock, even at a premium over our public trading price.

 

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Furthermore, our certificate of incorporation also provides for a classified board of directors with directors divided into three classes serving staggered terms. These provisions may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control of us without action by our stockholders and, therefore, could adversely affect the price of our stock or the possibility of sale of shares to an acquiring person.

We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends on our common stock.

We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock and do not plan to pay any cash dividends in the near future. Our current policy is to retain all funds and earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business.

 

ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. PROPERTIES

We lease all of our properties. All of our operations, including our manufacturing facilities, are currently located in an industrial complex in Austin, Texas comprising approximately 94,000 square feet. In December 2016, we renewed our Austin lease for an additional three year term and that lease now expires in April 2020. Our Austin lease contains a renewal option. Although we currently have excess capacity, we believe our facility can be managed in a flexible and cost effective manner and is adequate to meet current and reasonably anticipated needs for approximately the next two years.

 

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time, we are party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Excluding ordinary, routine litigation incidental to our business, we are not currently a party to any legal proceedings that we believe would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operation or cash flow.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Market for Common Stock

Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “SCON.” The following table shows the high and low sales prices for our common stock as reported by NASDAQ for each calendar quarter in the last two fiscal years:

 

2017    High      Low  

Quarter ended December 31, 2017

   $ 1.42      $ 0.95  

Quarter ended September 30, 2017

   $ 1.89      $ 0.88  

Quarter ended July 1, 2017

   $ 2.47      $ 1.21  

Quarter ended April 1, 2017

   $ 1.80      $ 1.04  

 

2016    High      Low  

Quarter ended December 31, 2016

   $ 4.50      $ 1.16  

Quarter ended October 1, 2016

   $ 3.80      $ 2.17  

Quarter ended July 2, 2016

   $ 4.50      $ 2.55  

Quarter ended April 2, 2016

   $ 4.80      $ 2.25  

Holders of Record

We had 19 holders of record of our common stock on March 15, 2018. This number does not include stockholders for whom shares were held in a “nominee” or “street” name. We estimate that there are more than 5,000 beneficial owners of our common stock.

Dividends

We have never paid cash dividends and intend to employ all available funds in the development of our business. We have no plans to pay cash dividends in the near future.

Our ability to declare or pay dividends on shares of our common stock is subject to the requirement that we pay an equivalent dividend on each outstanding share of our Preferred Stock (on an as-converted basis).

Sales of Unregistered Securities

We did not conduct any offerings of equity securities during the fourth quarter of 2017 that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933.

Repurchases of Equity Securities

None.

 

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Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Plan Category

   Number of securities to be
issued upon exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
     Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
     Number of securities
remaining available
for future issuance
under equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

     126,130      $ 37.03        2,064,524  

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

     —        —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     126,130      $ 37.03        2,064,524  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The information set forth below is not necessarily indicative of results of future operations and should be read in conjunction with our Financial Statements and Notes thereto appearing in Item 15 of Part IV of this Report and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2017     2016     2015     2014     2013  
     (In thousands, except per share data)  

Statement of Operations Data:

          

Net revenues:

          

Net commercial product revenues

   $ 11     $ 131     $ 244     $ 632     $ 1,710  

Government and other contract revenues

     435       —       —       —       —  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total net revenues

     446       131       244       632       1,710  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

          

Cost of revenues

     3,072       3,444       3,004       1,558       1,051  

Cost of government and other contract revenues

     331       —       —       —       —  

Other research and development

     2,644       2,784       4,125       5,992       6,073  

Selling, general and administrative

     4,062       5,146       5,838       5,389       5,068  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     10,109       11,374       12,967       12,939       12,192  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from operations

     (9,663     (11,243     (12,723     (12,307     (10,482

Other income (expense), net

     136       127       4,121       4,056       (1,691
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (9,527   $ (11,116   $ (8,602   $ (8,251   $ (12,173
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share

   $ (0.91   $ (3.53   $ (6.55   $ (9.67   $ (25.63
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares

          

Outstanding

     10,524       3,148       1,314       853       475  

 

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     Years Ended December 31,  
     2017      2016      2015      2014     2013  

Balance Sheet Data:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3,056      $ 10,452      $ 7,469      $ 1,238     $ 7,459  

Working capital (deficit)

     2,562        9,693        6,900        (407     6,638  

Total assets

     5,996        15,214        14,365        10,799       14,840  

Long-term debt, including current portion

     54        172        400        5,624       6,263  

Total stockholders’ equity

     5,112        14,098        13,122        4,002       7,306  

 

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations includes many forward-looking statements. For cautions about relying on such forward looking statements, please refer to the section entitled “Forward Looking Statements” at the beginning of this Report immediately prior to Item 1.

General

We are a leading company in developing and commercializing high temperature superconductor (“HTS”) materials and related technologies. HTS materials can substantially improve the performance characteristics of electrical systems, reducing power loss, lowering heat generation, and decreasing electrical noise.

Results of Operations

2017 Compared to 2016

Our 2017 revenues consisted primarily of government contract revenues. Total revenues increased by $315,000 or 241%, to $446,000 in 2017 from $131,000 in 2016. Government contract revenues were $435,000 or 98%, of our total revenue in 2017 and $0 in 2016. Product revenue for wire outside of our government contracts was $11,000 or 2% of total revenue in 2017 compared to $1,000 or 1% of total revenue in 2016. Sales of our Conductus wire are expected to increase as we reach commercial production of Conductus wire.

Cost of commercial product revenues includes all direct costs, manufacturing overhead, preproduction process development and provision for excess and obsolete inventories. The cost of commercial product revenues totaled $3.1 million for 2017 compared to $3.4 million in 2016.

Our cost of commercial product revenues includes both variable and fixed cost components. The variable component consists primarily of materials, assembly and test labor, overhead, which includes equipment and facility depreciation, transportation costs and warranty costs. The fixed component includes test equipment and facility depreciation, purchasing and procurement expenses and quality assurance costs. Given the fixed nature of such costs, the absorption of our production overhead costs into inventory decreases and the amount of production overhead variances charged to cost of sales increases as production volumes decline since we have fewer units to absorb our overhead costs against. Conversely, the absorption of our production overhead costs into inventory increases and the amount of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales decreases as production volumes increase since we have more units to absorb our overhead costs against. As a result, our gross profit margins generally decrease as revenue and production volumes decline due to lower sales volume and higher amounts of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales; and our gross profit margins generally increase as our revenue and production volumes increase due to higher sales volume and lower amounts of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales.

 

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The following is an analysis of our product gross profit margins for 2017 and 2016:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
Dollars in Thousands    2017     2016  

Commercial product revenues

   $ 11        100   $ 131        100

Cost of commercial product revenues

     3,072        2,792     3,444        2,629
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross loss

   $ (3,061      2,783   $ (3,313      2,529
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

We had a gross loss of $3.1 million in 2017 from the sale of our commercial products compared to a gross loss of $3.3 million in 2016. We experienced a gross loss in 2017 and 2016 due to: our increased manufacturing efforts to bring our Conductus wire production to market; our processes not yet being finalized for high yield manufacturing and; our sales being insufficient to cover our overhead. As we emphasize improving manufacturing processes and increasing our yields at lower than optimal capacity, we expect gross losses to continue.

In June 2017, we finalized negotiations on a $4.5 million DOE contract and have begun work on this government contract. Our first year goals under this contract are to increase current carrying capacity and reduce costs of our Conductus wire. Our 2017 government contract revenues were $435,000 and cost of government contract revenues were $331,000.

Research and development expenses relate to development of new wire products and new wire product manufacturing processes. In 2017, we ceased research and development efforts for our wireless commercial products. Research and development expenses totaled $2.6 million in 2017 compared to $2.8 million in 2016, a decrease of $0.2 million, or 7%. Our 2017 expenses were lower compared to 2016 as a result of our efforts moving from research and development to manufacturing of our new Conductus wire products.

Selling, general and administrative expenses totaled $4.1 million in 2017 compared to $5.1 million in 2016, a decrease of $1.0 million, or 20%. The lower expenses in 2017 were primarily the result of lower stock-based compensation expense.

We had a gain from the decreased fair value of warrant derivatives of $0.1 million in 2017 compared to a gain of $.2 million in 2016. The primary reason for the gains was the drop in our stock price offset by the resulting effect of the reduction in the exercise price of certain warrants. This warrant liability is adjusted to fair value each reporting period, and any change in value is recognized in the statement of operations. In 2016, we also had a $66,000 warrant price revaluation expense due to our August 2016 and December 2016 financing. There was no price revaluation in 2017. See Note 5 — Stockholders’ Equity: Warrants.

Other income of $37,000 and $10,000 in 2017 and 2016, respectively, was interest income.

Net loss totaled $9.5 million in 2017, compared to $11.1 million in 2016, a decrease of $1.6 million, or 14%. The decrease in net loss principally resulted from $1.0 million lower 2017 selling general and administrative expenses and $0.4 million increased revenues from government contract work.

The net loss available to common stockholders totaled $0.91 per common share in 2017, compared to a net loss of $3.53 per common share in 2016, a decrease of $2.62, or 74%. The decreased loss per common share in 2017 principally resulted from a greater number of common shares outstanding at December 31, 2017 compared to December 31, 2016.

2016 Compared to 2015

Revenues consist primarily of commercial product revenues. Revenues decreased by $113,000 or 46%, to $131,000 in 2016 from $244,000 in 2015. Sales of our new Conductus wire were equal to $1,000 or 1%, of our

 

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total revenue in 2016. Sales of our Conductus wire are expected to increase as we reach commercial production of Conductus wire.

The decrease is the result of lower sales volume for our wireless communications products as we begin sales of our Conductus wire. We sell our legacy wireless communications products to large North American wireless operators whose spending on 3G data networks, where our products are deployed, has become a secondary priority. Sales prices for wireless products were essentially unchanged in 2016 from 2015. Our two largest customers accounted for 78% of our net commercial revenues in 2016 and 80% of our net commercial revenues in 2015. These customers generally purchase products through non-binding commitments with minimal lead-times. Consequently, our commercial product revenues can fluctuate dramatically from quarter to quarter based on changes in our customers’ capital spending patterns. We do not anticipate that the revenues for our legacy products will be significant in the future.

Cost of revenues includes all direct costs, manufacturing overhead, preproduction process development and provision for excess and obsolete inventories. The cost of revenues totaled $3.4 million for 2016 compared to $3.0 million for 2015, an increase of $0.4 million, or 13%. The higher costs resulted principally from increased manufacturing operating expenses and low capacity preproduction operation, of our Conductus wire production equipment.

Our cost of revenues includes both variable and fixed cost components. The variable component consists primarily of materials, assembly and test labor, overhead, which includes equipment and facility depreciation, transportation costs and warranty costs. The fixed component includes test equipment and facility depreciation, purchasing and procurement expenses and quality assurance costs. Given the fixed nature of such costs, the absorption of our production overhead costs into inventory decreases and the amount of production overhead variances charged to cost of sales increases as production volumes decline since we have fewer units to absorb our overhead costs against. Conversely, the absorption of our production overhead costs into inventory increases and the amount of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales decreases as production volumes increase since we have more units to absorb our overhead costs against. As a result, our gross profit margins generally decrease as revenue and production volumes decline due to lower sales volume and higher amounts of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales; and our gross profit margins generally increase as our revenue and production volumes increase due to higher sales volume and lower amounts of production overhead variances expensed to cost of sales.

The following is an analysis of our product gross profit margins for 2016 and 2015:

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
Dollars in Thousands    2016     2015  

Product sales

   $ 131        100   $ 244        100

Cost of product sales

     3,444        2,629     3,004        1,231
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross loss

   $ (3,313      2,529   $ (2,760      1,131
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

We had a gross loss of $3.3 million in 2016 from the sale of our products compared to a gross loss of $2.8 million in 2015. We experienced a gross loss in 2016 due to: our increased manufacturing efforts to bring our Conductus wire production to market; our processes not yet being finalized for high yield manufacturing and; our sales being insufficient to cover our overhead.

Research and development expenses relate to development of new wire products and new wire product manufacturing processes. In 2016, there were no new research and development efforts for our wireless commercial products. Research and development expenses totaled $2.8 million in 2016 compared to $4.1 million in 2015, a decrease of $1.3 million, or 32%. Our 2016 expenses were lower compared to 2015 as a result of our efforts moving from research and development to manufacturing of our new Conductus wire products.

 

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Selling, general and administrative expenses totaled $5.1 million in 2016 compared to $5.8 million in 2015, a decrease of $0.7 million, or 12%. The lower expenses in 2016 were primarily the result of lower stock-based compensation expense.

We had a gain from the decreased fair value of warrant derivatives of $0.2 million in 2016 compared to a gain of $4.8 million in 2015. The primary reason for the gains was the drop in our stock price offset by the resulting effect of the reduction in the exercise price of certain warrants. This warrant liability is adjusted to fair value each reporting period, and any change in value is recognized in the statement of operations. In 2016, we also had a $66,000 warrant price revaluation expense due to our August 2016 and December 2016 financing. See Note 5 — Stockholders’ Equity: Warrants.

Other income of $10,000 and $13,000 in 2016 and 2015, respectively, included $10,000 and $1,000, respectively, of interest income. Also included in 2015 was income of $12,000 from the sale of expensed tooling related to our legacy wireless products.

Other expense in 2016 was $0 compared to a $207,000 in 2015. The 2015 expense was for early termination of part of our Santa Barbara facilities lease.

Net loss totaled $11.1 million in 2016, compared to $8.6 million in 2015, an increase of $2.5 million, or 29%. The increase in net loss principally resulted from a 2015 non-cash gain of $4.8 million from the fair value adjustments to our warrant derivatives lessened by $2.0 million lower 2016 research and development, and selling general and administrative expenses.

The net loss available to common stockholders totaled $3.53 per common share in 2016, compared to a net loss of $6.55 per common share in 2015, a decrease of $3.02, or 46%. The decreased loss per common share in 2016 principally resulted from a greater number of common shares outstanding at December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash Flow Analysis

As of December 31, 2017, we had net working capital of $2.6 million, including $3.1 million in cash and cash equivalents, compared to net working capital of $9.7 million at December 31, 2016, which included $10.5 million in cash and cash equivalents. We currently invest our excess cash in short-term, investment-grade, money-market instruments with maturities of three months or less. Our investments have no exposure to the auction rate securities market.

Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $7.4 million from $10.5 million at December 31, 2016 to $3.1 million at December 31, 2017. In 2017, $7.4 million cash was used in operations.

In 2017 and 2016, net cash used in investing activities was $152,000 and $0, respectively. Our 2017 investing activities were for the purchase of property and equipment.

In 2017, net cash provided by financing activities was $200,000 from the exercise of outstanding warrants. Net cash was provided by two financing activities in 2016: (1) the August 2016 offering of our common stock and Series C Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants provided gross proceeds of $2.2 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $1.9 million; and (2) the December 2016, offering of our common stock and Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants provided gross proceeds of $10.3 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $9.2 million.

 

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Financing Activities

We have historically financed our operations through a combination of cash on hand, equipment lease financings, available borrowings under bank lines of credit and both private and public equity offerings.

On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was approximately $1.7 million.

In 2017, we had no private or public offerings.

During 2016 we completed the following financings: (1) the August 2016, offering of 293,604 shares of our common stock, 1,294.595255 shares of our Series C Convertible Preferred Stock and 535,062 warrants provided gross proceeds of $2.2 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $1.9 million; and (2) the December 2016, offering of 1,798,787 shares of our common stock, 7,586.82 shares of our Series D Convertible Preferred Stock and 6,856,667 warrants provided gross proceeds of $10.3 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $9.2 million.

During 2015 we completed the following financings: (1) the exercise of 61,124 outstanding warrants issued in connection with our August 2013 underwritten public offering provided gross proceeds of $1.8 million and net proceeds of $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2015; (2) the March 2015 offering of 204,186 shares of our common stock and 102,093 warrants provided net proceeds of $4.6 million; and (3) the October 2015, offering of 902,132 shares of our common stock, 4,750.0005 shares of our Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and 3,162,066 warrants provided gross proceeds of $9.5 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $8.6 million. For more detail of our 2016 and 2015 financing activities see Note 5-Stockholder’s Equity: Public Offerings, in this Report.

We currently intend to use the net proceeds of these offerings for working capital and general corporate purposes. General corporate purposes may include capital expenditures. In addition, we may use a portion of any net proceeds to acquire complementary products, technologies, or businesses.

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

We incur various contractual obligations and commercial commitments in our normal course of business. They consist of the following:

Operating Lease Obligations. Our operating lease obligations consist of facilities leases in Austin, Texas, as well as several smaller equipment leases.

Patents and Licenses. We have entered into a licensing agreement requiring royalty payments ranging from 0.5% to 1.0% of specified product sales. The agreement contains a provision for the payment of guaranteed or minimum royalty amounts. Typically, the licensor can terminate our license if we fail to pay minimum annual royalties.

Purchase Commitments. In the normal course of business, we incur purchase obligations with vendors and suppliers for the purchase of inventory, as well as other goods and services. These obligations are generally evidenced by purchase orders that contain the terms and conditions associated with the purchase arrangements. We are committed to accept delivery of such material pursuant to the purchase orders subject to various contract provisions that allow us to delay receipt of such orders or cancel orders beyond certain agreed upon lead times. Cancellations may result in cancellation costs payable by us.

 

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Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations. At December 31, 2017, we had the following contractual obligations and commercial commitments:

 

     Payments Due by Period  

Contractual Obligations

   Total      2018      2019 and 2020      2021 and 2022      2023 and
beyond
 

Operating leases

   $ 2,096,000      $ 926,000      $ 1,165,000      $ 5,000      $ —  

Minimum license commitment

     115,000        45,000        20,000        20,000        30,000  

Fixed asset and inventory purchase commitments

     29,000        29,000        —        —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual cash obligations

   $ 2,240,000      $ 1,000,000      $ 1,185,000      $ 25,000      $ 30,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capital Expenditures

We plan to invest in fixed assets during 2018 on an as-needed basis to enhance manufacturing our Conductus wire products. These expenditures are expected not to exceed $1 million.

Future Liquidity

In 2017, we incurred a net loss of $9.5 million and had negative cash flows from operations of $7.4 million. In 2016, we incurred a net loss of $11.1 million and had negative cash flows from operations of $8.1 million. Our current forecast is that our existing cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the third quarter of 2018. Our cash resources will not be sufficient to fund our business through March 30, 2019. Therefore, unless we can materially grow our revenues from commercial operations during such period, we will need to raise additional capital during the next 12-months to continue to implement our current business plan and maintain our viability. Our independent registered public accounting firm has included in their audit reports for 2015 through 2017 an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

At December 31, 2017 we had $3.1 million in cash. On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was $1.7 million. We believe the key factors to our future liquidity will be our ability to successfully use our expertise and our technology to generate revenues in various ways, including commercial operations, joint ventures, and licenses and we plan to leverage our leadership in superconducting technologies, extensive intellectual property, and HTS manufacturing expertise to develop and produce our Conductus wire.

We forecast that our existing cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the third quarter of 2018. Unless we materially grow our revenues from commercial opportunities during 2018, we will need to raise additional capital to continue to implement our current business plan and maintain our viability.

Net Operating Loss Carryforward

As of December 31, 2017, we had net operating loss carryforwards for federal and state income tax purposes of approximately $353.6 million which expire in the years 2018 through 2037. Of these amounts, $77.5 million resulted from the acquisition of Conductus. Under the Internal Revenue Code change of control limitations, a maximum of $12.3 million will be available for reduction of future taxable income. The 2017 Tax Act did not impact our 2017 operating results or income tax expense.

Due to the uncertainty surrounding their realization, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets. Accordingly, no deferred tax asset has been recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

 

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Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code imposes an annual limitation on the utilization of net operating loss carryforwards based on a statutory rate of return (usually the “applicable federal funds rate”, as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) and the value of the corporation at the time of a “change of ownership” as defined by Section 382. We had changes in ownership in August 1999, December 2002, June 2009, August 2013 and December 2016. In addition, we acquired the right to Conductus’ net operating losses, which are also subject to the limitations imposed by Section 382. Conductus underwent five ownership changes, for purpose of this rule, which occurred in February 1999, February 2001, December 2002, June 2009, August 2013, and December 2016. Therefore, the ability to utilize Conductus’ and our net operating loss carryforwards of $77.5 million which were incurred prior to the 2016 ownership changes, will be subject in future periods to annual limitations of $126,000. Net operating losses released from this limitation and/or incurred by us subsequent to the ownership changes and therefore not subject to this limitation totaled $9.9 million. An additional $126,000 in losses were released from limitation during the year under Section 382.

Market Risk

We are exposed to various market risks, including changes in interest rates. Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices. We do not enter into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculation purposes. Our money market investments have no exposure to the auction rate securities market.

At December 31, 2017, we had approximately $3 million invested in a money market account yielding approximately 0.5%. Assuming no yield on this money market account and no liquidation of principal for the year, our total interest income would decrease by less than $15,000 per annum.

Inflation

We do not foresee any material impact on our operations from inflation.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We continually evaluate our estimates, including those related to bad debts, inventories, recovery of long-lived assets, income taxes, warranty obligations, contract revenue and contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Any future changes to these estimates and assumptions could cause a material change to our reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

On July 19, 2016, we effected a 1-for-15 reverse stock split of our common stock, or the Reverse Stock Split. As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, every fifteen shares of our pre-Reverse Stock Split common stock were combined and reclassified into one share of our common stock. The Reverse Stock Split did not change the authorized number of shares or the par value of our common stock. Certain of the information contained in the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein present information on our common stock on a pre-Reverse Stock Split basis. Share and per share data included herein has been retroactively restated for the effect of the Reverse Stock Split. In addition, we identified certain critical accounting policies which affect certain of our more significant estimates and assumptions used in preparing our consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2016. We have not made any material changes to these policies.

 

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We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. We maintain allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required. We write down our inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory equal to the difference between the cost of inventory and the estimated net realizable value based upon assumptions about future demand and market conditions. If actual market conditions are less favorable than those projected by management, additional inventory write-downs may be required.

Our inventory is valued at the lower of its actual cost or the current estimated market value of the inventory. We review inventory quantities on hand and on order and record, on a quarterly basis, a provision for excess and obsolete inventory and/or vendor cancellation charges related to purchase commitments. If the results of the review determine that a write-down is necessary, we recognize a loss in the period in which the loss is identified, whether or not the inventory is retained. Our inventory reserves establish a new cost basis for inventory and are not reversed until we sell or dispose of the related inventory. Such provisions are established based on historical usage, adjusted for known changes in demands for such products, or the estimated forecast of product demand and production requirements. We recognize all manufacturing preproduction process development expenses as cost of revenues in the period they are incurred. Our business is characterized by rapid technological change, frequent new product development and rapid product obsolescence that could result in an increase in the amount of obsolete inventory quantities on hand. Demand for our products can fluctuate significantly. Our estimates of future product demand may prove to be inaccurate, and we may understate or overstate the provision required for excess and obsolete inventory.

Our net revenues consist of revenue from sales of products, net of trade discounts and allowances. We recognize revenue when evidence of an arrangement exists, contractual obligations have been satisfied, title and risk of loss have been transferred to the customer and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. At the time revenue is recognized, we provide for the estimated cost of product warranties if allowed for under contractual arrangements and return products. Our warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates and service delivery costs incurred in correcting a product failure. Should such failure rates or costs differ from these estimates, accrued warranty costs would be adjusted.

We indemnify, without limit or term, our customers against all claims, suits, demands, damages, liabilities, expenses, judgments, settlements and penalties arising from actual or alleged infringement or misappropriation of any intellectual property relating to our products or other claims arising from our products. We have no known losses and we cannot reasonably develop an estimate of the maximum potential amount of payments that might be made under our indemnities because of the uncertainty as to whether a claim might arise and how much it might total.

Government contract revenues are principally generated under research and development contracts. Contract revenues are derived primarily from research contracts with agencies of the United States Government. Credit risk related to accounts receivable arising from such contracts is considered minimal. These contracts include cost-plus, fixed price and cost sharing arrangements and are generally short-term in nature.

All payments to us for work performed on contracts with agencies of the U.S. Government are subject to adjustment upon audit by the Defense Contract Audit Agency. Based on historical experience and review of current projects in process, we believe that the audits will not have a significant effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The Defense Contract Audit Agency has audited us through 2010.

We periodically evaluate the realizability of long-lived assets as events or circumstances indicate a possible inability to recover the carrying amount. Long-lived assets that will no longer be used in our business are written off in the period identified since they will no longer generate any positive cash flows for us. Such evaluation is based on various analyses, including cash flow and profitability projections, as well as alternative uses, such as

 

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government contracts or awards. The analyses necessarily involve significant management judgment. In the event the projected undiscounted cash flows are less than net book value of the assets, the carrying value of the assets will be written down to their estimated fair value. Our future cash flows may vary from estimates.

The fair value of our warrant liabilities was determined using the binomial lattice valuation model, including an equal probabilities tree and an early exercise factor. These derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at each period end, with any increase or decrease in the fair value recognized in our consolidated statement of operations.

Stock-based employee compensation cost is recognized using the fair-value based method for all awards granted. We issue stock option awards and restricted share awards to employees and to non-employee directors under our stock-based incentive plans. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Compensation cost related to restricted share awards is recorded based on the market price of our common stock on the grant date. We recognize compensation expense over the expected service period, generally the vesting period on a straight-line basis from the grant date.

Our valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets is based on our assessments of historical losses and projected operating results in future periods. If and when we generate future taxable income in the U.S. against which these tax assets may be applied, some portion or all of the valuation allowance would be reversed and an increase in net income would consequently be reported in future years.

 

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Market Risk.”

 

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

All information required by this item is listed in the Index to Financial Statements in Part IV, Item 15(a)1 of this Report.

 

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures; Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

We have established disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). As of the end of the period covered by this report we carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded, as of that time, that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2017 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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We do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over our financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended). Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017. In making its assessment of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting, our management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013). Based on these criteria, our management has concluded that, as of December 31, 2017, our internal control over financial reporting is effective.

This Report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. This Report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

PART III

 

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Directors and Executive Officers

The following table sets forth certain information regarding those individuals currently serving as our directors (or nominated to serve as a director) and executive officers as of March 15, 2018:

 

Name

   Age    

Position

Martin A. Kaplan (1)(2)(3)

     80     Chairman of the Board

Lynn J. Davis (1)(2)(3)(4)

     71     Director

David W. Vellequette (1)(2)(3)(5)

     61     Director

Jeffrey A. Quiram (4)

     57     President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

William J. Buchanan

     69     Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

Kenneth E. Pfeiffer

     51     Vice President, Engineering

Robert L. Johnson

     67     Senior Vice President, Operations

Adam L. Shelton

     51     Vice President, Product Management and Marketing

 

(1) Member of our Audit Committee
(2) Member of our Compensation Committee.
(3) Member of our Governance and Nominating Committee.
(4) Member of our Stock Option Committee.
(5) Mr. Vellequette joined our Board December 26, 2017

Each of our directors, including each of our current nominees, was nominated based on the assessment of our Nominating Committee and our Board that he has demonstrated: an ability to make meaningful contributions

 

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to our Board; independence; strong communication and analytical skills; and a reputation for honesty and ethical conduct. Our Board consists of, and seeks to continue to include, persons whose diversity of skills, experience and background are complementary to those of our other directors.

Martin A. Kaplan has served on our board since 2002 and was named Chairman of the Board in October 2010. From 2000 through 2012, Mr. Kaplan was Chairman of the Board of JDS Uniphase, Inc. (“JDSU”), a telecommunications equipment company, where he remained a director until August 2015. In August 2015, JDSU spun off its communications and commercial optical products business into the publicly-traded company Lumentum Holdings Inc., at which time Mr. Kaplan resigned from the JDSU Board and became Chairman of the Board of Lumentum Holdings Inc. In a career spanning 40 years, Mr. Kaplan last served as Executive Vice-President of the Pacific Telesis Group, which became a subsidiary of SBC Communications in 1997. Mr. Kaplan has served as a director of a number of other public and private companies. Mr. Kaplan earned a B.S. in engineering from California Institute of Technology. Our Board has determined that Mr. Kaplan is qualified to serve as a director because he has extensive business leadership and board experience.

Lynn J. Davis has served on our Board since 2005. He served as President, Chief Operating Officer and director of August Technology, a manufacturer of inspection equipment for the semiconductor fabrication industry from 2005 to 2006. From 2002 to 2004, he was a partner at Tate Capital Partners Fund, LLC, a private investment firm he co-founded. Prior to Tate, Mr. Davis was an employee of ADC Telecommunications for 28 years, serving in 14 management positions, including Corporate President, Group President and Chief Operating Officer. In December 2016, he retired as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Flexsteel Industries Inc., a furniture manufacturer. Mr. Davis holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from Iowa State University and an M.B.A. from the University of Minnesota. Our Board has determined that Mr. Davis is qualified to serve as a director because he has extensive knowledge in various management roles in the telecommunications industry, including manufacturing, sales and marketing. In addition, as a venture capitalist, Mr. Davis has worked with smaller companies and brings a valuable entrepreneurial approach to management and compensation issues.

David W. Vellequette rejoined our Board in December 2017. Mr. Vellequette previously served on our Board from January 2007 until March 2014. Mr. Vellequette most recently served as senior vice president of finance of Avaya, a global provider of business collaboration and communications solutions, which emerged in December 2017 from a nearly year-long financial restructuring under Chapter 11. Previously, Mr. Vellequette served as Avaya’s senior vice president and chief financial officer from October 1, 2012 through October 23, 2017. From 2005 to 2012, he was chief financial officer of JDS Uniphase, Inc., a telecommunications equipment company. He joined JDS Uniphase as vice president and operations controller in 2004. From 2002 to 2004, Mr. Vellequette served as vice president of Worldwide Sales and Service Operations at Openwave Systems, Inc., an independent provider of software solutions for the mobile communications and media industries. From 1992 and 2002, Mr. Vellequette held various positions with Cisco Systems, and from 1984 to 1992, he was corporate controller with Altera Corporation, a supplier of programmable silicon solutions to the electronics industry. Mr. Vellequette began his finance career as an auditor with Ernst & Young. He holds a B.S. in Accounting from the University of California, Berkeley, and is a CPA. Our Board has determined that Mr. Vellequette is qualified to serve as a director because he has extensive knowledge about public and financial accounting matters.

Jeffrey A. Quiram has served on our Board, and has been our President and Chief Executive Officer, since 2005. From 1991 to 2004, Mr. Quiram served ADC Telecommunications in a variety of management roles, including Vice President of its wireless business unit. Mr. Quiram has a B.S. in Quantitative Methods and Computer Science from College of St. Thomas, and an M.B.A. from University of Minnesota. Our Board has determined that Mr. Quiram is qualified to serve as a director because he has extensive knowledge about product development, business planning, and complex manufacturing. In addition, he has extensive knowledge about our corporate operations and market activities from serving as our Chief Executive Officer.

William J. Buchanan has been our Chief Financial Officer since May 2010. Mr. Buchanan joined us in 1998 and served as our Controller from 2000 to May 2010. For 16 years prior to joining us, he was a self-

 

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employed private investor and investment advisor. For the nine years prior to that, he served in various executive and accounting positions with Applied Magnetics Corp and Raytheon Co. Mr. Buchanan holds a B.A. in Economics from California State University, Fresno.

Kenneth E. Pfeiffer has been our Vice President, Engineering since 2012. From 2009 to 2011, Mr. Pfeiffer was Vice President, Engineering at Veeco Instruments Inc. From 2006 to 2009, Mr. Pfeiffer was the Director of Equipment Engineering for HelioVolt Corporation. Prior to that, Mr. Pfeiffer held various engineering and management positions at Active Power, Inc. and Applied Materials, Inc. Mr. Pfeiffer obtained a B.S. Mechanical Engineering degree from Texas A&M University in 1990 and a M.S. Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas in 1994. He also holds a Master’s in Business Administration degree from the University of Texas at Austin.

Robert L. Johnson has been our Senior Vice President, Operations since 2004. Mr. Johnson joined us in 2000 as Vice President of Wireless Manufacturing. From 1996 to 2000, Mr. Johnson was the Director and General Manager of Schlumberger ATE. From 1990 to 1996, he served as Vice President and General Manager of Harman International Industries. Mr. Johnson studied industrial engineering at Arizona State University.

Adam L. Shelton has been our Vice President, Product Management and Marketing since 2006. From 2005 to 2006, Mr. Shelton was the Senior Director of Marketing for Motorola. From 2003 to 2005, he was the Senior Director of Marketing for Advanced Fibre Communications (AFC), now Tellabs. Mr. Shelton also held various management and executive management positions with Mahi Networks, ATU Communications and Bell Canada. Mr. Shelton graduated with dean’s honors as a Civil Engineering Technologist from Seneca College in Toronto, Canada.

Corporate Governance Policies and Practices

The following is a summary of our corporate governance policies and practices:

 

    Our Board has determined that all of our directors, other than Mr. Quiram, are independent as defined by the rules of the SEC and The NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”). Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Governance and Nominating Committee each consists entirely of independent directors under the rules of the SEC and NASDAQ.

 

    We have a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for all of our employees, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. If we amend any provision of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer (or any persons performing similar functions), or if we grant any waiver (including an implicit waiver) from any provision of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics to our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer (or any persons performing similar functions), we will disclose those amendments or waivers on our website at www.suptech.com/Investors/Corporate Governance/Amendments and Waivers to the Code of Conduct within four business days following the date of the amendment or waiver.

 

    Our Audit Committee reviews and approves all related-party transactions.

 

    As part of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, we have made a “whistleblower” hotline available to all employees for anonymous reporting of financial or other concerns. Our Audit Committee receives directly, without management participation, all hotline activity reports concerning accounting, internal controls or auditing matters.

Board Leadership Structure and Role in Risk Oversight

Our Board’s current policy is to separate the role of Chairman of our Board and Chief Executive Officer. Our Board believes that this structure combines accountability with effective oversight. This structure also allows

 

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us to benefit from the experience and knowledge of our Chairman, who has been on our board since 2002, while reflecting the responsibilities and contributions of our Chief Executive Officer. In addition, we believe that the independence of our Chairman provides additional oversight over the decisions of our management and places additional control in the hands of our independent directors.

Our Board is actively involved in overseeing our risk management through our Audit Committee. Under its charter, our Audit Committee is responsible for inquiring of management and our independent auditors about significant areas of risk or exposure and assessing the steps management has taken to minimize such risks. Our Board’s role in risk oversight has not affected our Board’s determination that the separation of roles of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer is most appropriate for our company.

Stockholder Communications with Directors

Stockholders who want to communicate with our Board or with a particular director or committee may send a letter to our Secretary at Superconductor Technologies Inc., 9101 Wall Street, Suite 1300, Austin, Texas 78754. The mailing envelope should contain a clear notation indicating that the enclosed letter is a “Board Communication” or “Director Communication.” All such letters should state whether the intended recipients are all members of our Board or just certain specified individual directors or a specified committee. The Secretary will circulate the communications (with the exception of commercial solicitations) to the appropriate director or directors. Communications marked “Confidential” will be forwarded unopened.

Attendance at Annual Meetings of Stockholders

We expect that all of our Board members attend our Annual Meetings of Stockholders in the absence of a showing of good cause for failure to do so. All of the members of our Board attended our 2017 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

Board Meetings and Committees

During 2017, each of our directors attended at least 75% of the aggregate of (i) the total number of Board meetings and (ii) the total number of meetings of the committees on which the director served.

Board of Directors

Our Board held a total of six meetings during 2017. Our Board has three standing committees — an Audit Committee established in accordance with section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (our “Audit Committee”), a Compensation Committee (our “Compensation Committee”) and a Governance and Nominating Committee (our “Nominating Committee”). Our Compensation Committee has also created the Stock Option Committee (our “Stock Option Committee”). Our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating Committee each have a charter, which is available at the “Corporate Governance” section under the “Investors” tab on our website at www.suptech.com.

Audit Committee

The principal functions of our Audit Committee are to hire our independent registered public accountants, to review the scope and results of the year-end audit with management and the independent auditors, to review our accounting principles and our system of internal accounting controls and to review our annual and quarterly reports before filing them with the SEC. Our Audit Committee met eight times during 2017. The current members of our Audit Committee are Messrs. Vellequette (Chairman), Kaplan and Davis.

Our Board has determined that all members of our Audit Committee are “independent” as defined under the rules of the SEC and the listing standards of NASDAQ. Our Board has determined that Mr. Vellequette is an “audit committee financial expert.”

 

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Compensation Committee

Our Compensation Committee reviews and approves salaries, bonuses and other benefits payable to the executive officers and administers our management incentive plan. Our Compensation Committee makes all compensation decisions with respect to our Chief Executive Officer and then recommends these decisions to our Board for approval. Our Compensation Committee also makes recommendations to our Board regarding non-equity compensation and equity awards to our other named executive officers (set forth below under “Executive Compensation — Summary Compensation Table”) and all other elected officers. In doing so, with respect to named executive officers other than the Chief Executive Officer, our Compensation Committee generally receives a recommendation from our Chief Executive Officer and other officers as appropriate. Our Chief Executive Officer also generally recommends the number of options or other equity awards to be granted to executive officers, within a range associated with the individual executive’s salary level, and presents this to our Compensation Committee for its review and approval.

Our Compensation Committee uses available data to review and compare our compensation levels to market compensation levels, taking into consideration the other companies’ size, the industry, and the individual executive’s level of responsibility, as well as anecdotal data regarding the compensation practices of other employers. We periodically benchmark our executive and director compensation against publically available peer data. Our Compensation Committee does not generally hire an outside consulting firm to assist with compensation, as we believe that the value of doing so is exceeded by the costs. No compensation consultant was engaged to provide advice or recommendations on our executive or director compensation for 2017.

Our Compensation Committee also reviews the compensation of directors and recommends to our Board the amounts and types of cash to be paid and equity awards to be made to our directors.

Our Compensation Committee met four times during 2017. The current members of our Compensation Committee are Messrs. Davis (Chairman), Kaplan and Vellequette. Our Board has determined that all members of our Compensation Committee are “independent” as defined under the rules of the SEC and the listing standards of NASDAQ. Our Compensation Committee will only delegate its authority to the extent consistent with our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and applicable laws, regulations and listing standards.

Our Compensation Committee created the Stock Option Committee consisting of two members — our Compensation Committee Chairman and the Chief Executive Officer. The purpose of our Stock Option Committee is to facilitate the timely granting of stock options in connection with hiring, promotions and other special situations, and therefore our Stock Option Committee meets only periodically as certain events occur. Our Stock Option Committee is empowered to grant options to non-executive employees up to a preset annual aggregate limit (120,000 shares for 2017). The Stock Option Committee did not meet during 2017. Our Compensation Committee supervises these grants and retains exclusive authority for all executive officer grants and the annual employee grants. The current members of our Stock Option Committee are Messrs. Davis (Chairman) and Quiram.

Governance and Nominating Committee

Our Nominating Committee is responsible for overseeing and, as appropriate, making recommendations to our Board regarding, membership and constitution of our Board and its role in overseeing our affairs. Our Nominating Committee is responsible for proposing a slate of directors for election by the stockholders at each annual meeting and for proposing candidates to fill any vacancies. Our Nominating Committee is also responsible for the corporate governance practices and policies of our Board and its committees. The current members of our Nominating Committee are Messrs. Kaplan (Chairman), Davis, and Vellequette. Our Nominating Committee met five times during 2017. Our Board has determined that all members of our Nominating Committee are “independent” as defined under the rules of the SEC and the listing standards of NASDAQ.

 

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Our Nominating Committee manages the process for evaluating current Board members at the time they are considered for re-nomination. After considering the appropriate skills and characteristics required on our Board, the current makeup of our Board, the results of the evaluations, and the wishes of our Board members to be re-nominated, our Nominating Committee recommends to our Board whether those individuals should be re-nominated.

Our Nominating Committee periodically reviews with our Board whether it believes our Board would benefit from adding a new member(s), and if so, the appropriate skills and characteristics required for the new member(s). If our Board determines that a new member would be beneficial, our Nominating Committee solicits and receives recommendations for candidates and manages the process for evaluating candidates. All potential candidates, regardless of their source (including candidates recommended by security holders), are reviewed under the same process. Our Nominating Committee (or its chair) screens the available information about the potential candidates. Based on the results of the initial screening, interviews with viable candidates are scheduled with Nominating Committee members, other members of our Board and senior members of management. Upon completion of these interviews and other due diligence, our Nominating Committee may recommend to our Board the election or nomination of a candidate.

Candidates for independent Board members have typically been found through recommendations from directors or others associated with us. Our stockholders may also recommend candidates by sending the candidate’s name and resume to our Nominating Committee under the provisions set forth above for communication with our Board. No such suggestions from our stockholders were received in time for our 2017 Annual Meeting.

Our Nominating Committee has no predefined minimum criteria for selecting Board nominees, although it believes that (i) all directors should share qualities such as: an ability to make meaningful contributions to our board; independence; strong communication and analytical skills; and a reputation for honesty and ethical conduct; and (ii) independent directors should share qualities such as: experience at the corporate, rather than divisional level, in multi-national organizations as large as or larger than us; and relevant, non-competitive experience. Our Nominating Committee does not have a formal policy with respect to diversity. However, our Nominating Committee and our Board believe that it is important that we have Board members whose diversity of skills, experience and background are complementary to those of our other Board members. In considering candidates for our Board, our Nominating Committee considers the entirety of each candidate’s credentials. In any given search, our Nominating Committee may also define particular characteristics for candidates to balance the overall skills and characteristics of our Board and our perceived needs. However, during any search, our Nominating Committee reserves the right to modify its stated search criteria for exceptional candidates.

 

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SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires our directors, executive officers and significant stockholders (defined by statute as stockholders beneficially owning more than 10% of our common stock) to file with the SEC initial reports of beneficial ownership, and reports of changes in beneficial ownership, of our common stock. Directors, executive officers and significant stockholders are required by SEC regulations to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file. Based solely on a review of the copies of Forms 3, 4 and 5 (and amendments thereto) filed with the SEC and submitted to us, and on written representations by certain directors and executive officers received by us, we believe that all of our executive officers, directors and significant stockholders complied with all applicable filing requirements under Section 16(a) during 2017.

 

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AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT

The information contained in this Audit Committee Report shall not be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language in any such filing (except to the extent that we specifically incorporate this information by reference) and shall not otherwise be deemed “soliciting material” or “filed” with the SEC or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (except to the extent that we specifically request that this information be treated as soliciting material or specifically incorporate this information by reference).

Our Audit Committee reviews our financial reporting process on behalf of our Board. Management has the primary responsibility for the financial statements and the reporting process, including the system of internal controls. Our Audit Committee has reviewed and discussed the audited financial statements with management. In addition, our Audit Committee has discussed with our independent registered public accounting firm the matters required to be discussed by Statements on Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Auditing Standard No. 16 “Communications with Audit Committees”.

Our Audit Committee has also received the written disclosures and the letter from our independent registered public accounting firm required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding their communications with the audit committee concerning independence, and has discussed with them their independence, including whether their provision of other non-audit services to us is compatible with maintaining their independence.

Our Audit Committee discussed with our independent registered public accounting firm the overall scope and plans for the audit. Our Audit Committee meets with them, with and without management present to discuss the results of their examinations, the evaluation of our internal controls and the overall quality of our reporting.

Based upon the review and discussions referred to in the foregoing paragraphs, our Audit Committee recommended to our Board that the audited financial statements be included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017 for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE

David W. Vellequette (Chairman)

Martin A. Kaplan

Lynn J. Davis

 

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ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Summary Compensation Table

The following table sets forth for 2017, 2016 and 2015 the base salary and other compensation of our (i) President and Chief Executive Officer and (ii) our other two most highly compensated officers for 2017 (our “named executive officers”):

 

Name and Principal Position

   Year      Salary
($)
     Stock
Awards
($)(1)
     Option
Awards
($)(1)
     Non-equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
     All Other
Compensation
($)(2)
     Total
($)
 

Jeffrey A. Quiram

     2017        324,450        —          —          —          39,003        363,453  

President, Chief

     2016        324,450        —          —          —          30,092        354,542  

Executive Officer, Director

     2015        324,450        —          30,177        —          35,754        390,381  

Robert L. Johnson

     2017        242,462        —          —          —          49,755        292,217  

Senior Vice President,

     2016        242,462        —          —          —          18,508        260,970  

Operations

     2015        242,462        —          16,597        —          15,799        274,858  

Adam L. Shelton

     2017        247,200        —          —          —          6,315        253,515  

Vice President Product

     2016        247,200        —          —          —          6,977        254,177  

Management and Marketing

     2015        247,200        —          16,597        —          4,850        268,647  

 

(1) The Option Awards and Stock Awards amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value of the options to purchase common stock or shares of restricted common stock (as applicable) calculated in accordance with ASC 718, under the assumptions included in Note 5 to our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
(2) The All Other Compensation amounts shown reflect the value attributable to term life insurance premiums, certain tax payments and company 401(k) matching for each named executive officer, if applicable, as well as other perquisites described below. Each named executive officer is responsible for paying income tax on such amounts. Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, Mr. Quiram received $33,313, $24,704 and $30,213 in 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively, for travel expenses from his home in Minnesota, temporary housing near our Santa Barbara and Austin facilities, the use of an automobile, and special indemnity payments to cover the taxes resulting from the payment or reimbursement of such travel and housing expenses.

Narrative Disclosure to Summary Compensation Table

Employment Agreement

We entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Quiram in 2005, which was amended in 2007. The employment agreement provides for the following:

 

    Appointment as our President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of our Board;

 

    A base salary, which was $315,000 per year for 2008-2009 and increased to $324,450 during 2010;

 

    A bonus of up to 100% of his base salary based upon achievement of annual performance goals to be developed by our Compensation Committee and Mr. Quiram;

 

    Accelerated vesting of all his equity grants in the event of an Involuntary Termination or Change of Control (both as defined in his employment agreement);

 

    A severance payment equal to one year’s salary and continued benefits for one year in the event of Involuntary Termination;

 

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    In the event of a Change of Control, whether or not he is terminated, Mr. Quiram is entitled to (i) payment of two times his annual base salary, (ii) 24 months of benefits coverage, and (iii) accelerated vesting of all of his outstanding equity grants;

 

    Payment or reimbursement of travel expenses from his present home in Minnesota and the lease of an apartment for Mr. Quiram near our headquarters; and a special indemnity payment for any taxes resulting from the payment or reimbursement of such expenses; and

 

    Lease of an automobile.

Change of Control Agreements

We also have a “change of control” agreement with Mr. Shelton. The change of control agreement generally provide that, if the employee’s employment is terminated within twenty-four months of a “Change of Control” (as defined in the change of control agreement) either (i) by us for any reason other than death, “Cause” or “Disability” (as both terms are defined in the change of control agreement) or (ii) by the employee for “Good Reason” (as defined in the change of control agreements), then the terminated employee will be entitled to severance benefits, salary continuation payments and continuation of health/life insurance benefits for 18 months, and accelerated vesting for all outstanding unvested stock options and other equity securities held by the employee. Any payments or distributions made to or for the benefit of the named employee under the change of control agreement will be reduced, if necessary, to an amount that would result in no excise taxes being imposed under Internal Revenue Code Section 4999.

Non-Equity Incentive Compensation

We maintain a bonus plan for executive officers and selected other members of senior management. Under the plan, our Compensation Committee establishes financial and other pertinent objectives for the period and assigns each executive officer an annual target bonus amount based on a percentage of his or her base salary, which ranges from 20% to 100%. Our Compensation Committee also retains the authority to award discretionary bonuses for performance in other aspects of the business not covered by the established goals. In December 2016, our Compensation Committee decided, based on then-current economic conditions, to not establish financial performance targets under this plan for 2017 and to not award cash bonuses based on financial objectives in 2017. Our Compensation Committee did reserve its right to award discretionary bonuses if appropriate; however no bonuses were awarded for 2017.

Equity Grants

For 2017, we made no grants of restricted stock awards or options to our named executive officers.

 

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Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End

The following table sets forth certain information with respect to outstanding options and unvested shares of restricted stock on December 31, 2017:

 

     Option Awards      Stock Awards  

Name

   Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options(#)
Exerciseable (1)
     Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options(#)
Unexerciseable
     Option
Exercise
Price ($)
     Option
Expiration
Date
     Number of
Shares or Units
of Stock That
Have Not
Vested
     Market
Value of
Shares or
Units of
Stock That
Have Not
Vested ($)
 

Jeffrey A. Quiram

     278        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     204        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     183        —          471.60        5/6/2020        —          —    
     587        —          284.40        1/25/2021        —          —    
     253        —          262.80        2/9/2022        —          —    
     619        —          37.80        3/7/2023        —          —    
     18,000        —          31.80        12/5/2023        —          —    
     13,333        —          3.30        11/9/2025        
     —          —          —          —          —          —    

Robert L Johnson

     100        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     114        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     102        —          471.60        5/6/2020        —          —    
     328           284.40        1/25/2021        —          —    
     142        —          262.80        2/9/2022        —          —    
     347        —          37.80        3/7/2023        —          —    
     10,000        —          31.80        12/5/2023        —          —    
     7,333        —          3.30        11/9/2025        
     —          —          —          —          —          —    

Adam L. Shelton

     133        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     116        —          921.60        2/20/2018        —          —    
     105        —          471.60        5/6/2020        —          —    
     328        —          284.40        1/25/2021        —          —    
     144        —          262.80        2/9/2022        —          —    
     353        —          37.80        3/7/2023        —          —    
     10,000        —          31.80        12/5/2023        —          —    
     7,333        —          3.30        11/9/2025        
     —          —          —          —          —          —    

 

(1) These options are fully vested.

Non-employee Director Compensation

Summary of Compensation

Our directors who are also our employees do not receive additional compensation for their service on our Board. Our Board maintains a written compensation policy for our non-employee directors. Each director other than our Chairman of the Board receives an annual cash retainer of $20,000, and our Chairman of the Board receives an annual cash retainer of $40,000. The annual cash retainer is paid bi-annually and requires that the director attend at least 75% of our Board meetings. Each director receives a $5,000 annual retainer for service as a member of our three standing committees. Typically, on the date of each annual meeting of stockholders, each director other than our Chairman of the Board receives an equity grant of 10,000 shares of our common stock,

 

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and our Chairman of the Board receives a grant of 15,000 shares. In addition to the foregoing equity grants, new directors receive an initial grant of 25,000 shares of our common stock on the date that they join our Board. Initial equity grants vest in three equal installments, on each anniversary of the grant date, and annual grants vest in two equal installments, on each anniversary of the grant date. Our Board provides a $15,000 annual retainer (which is paid bi-annually) as compensation for service as chairman of our Audit Committee and a $10,000 annual retainer for service as chairman of each of our Compensation Committee and Nominating Committee.

Non-employee directors do not receive compensation from us other than as a director or as committee member. There are no family relationships among our directors and executive officers.

The following table summarizes the compensation paid to our non-employee directors for 2017:

 

Name

   Fees earned or
paid in cash ($)
     Stock Awards
($) (1)
     Option
Awards
($) (1)
     Total
($)
 

Martin A. Kaplan

     60,000        20,390      —        80,390  

Lynn J. Davis

     40,000        13,594      —        53,594  

Dan L. Halvorson (2)

     45,000        —        —        45,000  

David W. Vellequette (2)

     740        —        —        740  

 

(1) The amounts in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value of the shares of restricted common stock calculated in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718, under the assumptions included in Note 5 to our audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. As of December 31, 2017: (i) Mr. Kaplan had 5,740 options to purchase common stock and 19,000 unvested shares of restricted common stock; (ii) Mr. Davis had 4,409 options to purchase common stock and 12,667 unvested shares of restricted common stock; (iii) Mr. Halvorson had no options to purchase common stock and no unvested shares of restricted common stock; (vi) Mr. Vellequette had 70 options to purchase common stock and no unvested shares of restricted common stock.
(2) Mr. Vellequette joined our Board on December 26, 2017 and Mr. Halvorson resigned from our Board on that date.

 

ITEM 12. SECURITIES OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of March 15, 2018 by (i) each person known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our outstanding common stock, (ii) each of our directors, (iii) each of our executive officers named in the table under “Executive Compensation — Summary Compensation Table,” and (iv) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. Except as otherwise indicated in the footnotes to the table, (i) the persons and entities named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares beneficially owned, subject to community property laws where applicable, and (ii) the

 

40


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address of each person is c/o Superconductor Technologies Inc., 9101 Wall Street, Suite 1300, Austin, Texas 78754. As of March 15, 2018, we had 11,936,594 shares of our common stock outstanding.

 

Name

   Number of Shares (1)     Percentage
Ownership
 

Kopp Family Office, LLC

     1,757,581  (2)      14.72  

8400 Normandale Lake Blvd Suite 1450

    

Bloomington, MN 55437

    

Sabby Management, LLC

     1,190,000  (3)      9.97  

10 Mountainview Rd Suite 2015

    

Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458

    

Jeffrey A. Quiram

     50,169       *  

William J. Buchanan

     24,158       *  

Robert L. Johnson

     28,044       *  

Adam L. Shelton

     28,087       *  

Kenneth E. Pfeiffer

     26,140       *  

Lynn J. Davis

     18,668       *  

Martin A. Kaplan

     26,761       *  

David W. Vellequette

     70       *  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

All executive officers and directors as a group (8 persons)

     202,097       1.69  

 

* Less than 1%.
(1) Includes shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options that are exercisable within 60 days of March 15, 2017 as follows: Mr. Quiram, 32,975 shares; Mr. Buchanan 16,175 shares; Mr. Johnson 18,254 shares; Mr. Shelton, 18,266 shares; Mr. Pfeiffer, 17,758 shares; Mr. Davis, 4,390 shares; Mr. Kaplan, 5,723 shares; Mr. Vellequette, 70 shares; and all executive officers and directors as a group, 113,161 shares.
(2) Based solely on information reported in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on January 12, 2018, Kopp Family Office, LLC, Kopp Holding Company, LLC, and LeRoy C. Kopp are the beneficial owners of and have shared voting authority with respect to 1,757,581 shares.
(3) Based solely on information reported in a Schedule 13G filed with the SEC on March 8, 2018, Sabby Management, LLC, Sabby Healthcare Master Fund, Ltd., Sabby Volatility Warrant Master Fund, Ltd., and Hal Mintz are the beneficial owners of and have shared voting authority with respect to 1,190,000 shares.

 

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

None.

 

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

Our Audit Committee regularly reviews and determines whether specific non-audit projects or expenditures with our independent registered public accounting firm, Marcum LLP, potentially affects its independence. Our Audit Committee’s policy is to pre-approve all audit and permissible non-audit services provided by Marcum LLP. Pre-approval is generally provided by our Audit Committee for up to one year, as detailed as to the particular service or category of services to be rendered, and is generally subject to a specific budget. Our Audit Committee may also pre-approve additional services of specific engagements on a case-by-case basis.

 

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The following table sets forth the aggregate fees billed to us by Marcum LLP for 2017 and 2016, all of which were pre-approved by our Audit Committee:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2017      2016  

Audit fees (1)

   $ 190,000      $ 190,000  

All other fees (2)

   $ —        $ 60,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 190,000      $ 250,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Includes fees for professional services rendered for the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements and review of our annual report on Form 10-K and for reviews of the condensed consolidated financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the first three quarters of 2017 and 2016.
(2) These fees related to services rendered for our S-3 and S-1 registration statements.

 

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PART IV

 

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Report:

1. Index to Financial Statements. Our consolidated financial statements and the Report of Marcum LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm are included in Part IV of this Report on the pages indicated:

 

     Page  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     F-1  

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016

     F-2  

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December  31, 2017, 2016 and 2015

     F-3  

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015

     F-4  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December  31, 2017, 2016 and 2015

     F-5  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     F-6  

2. Financial Statement Schedule Covered by the Foregoing Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

 

Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

     F-27  

All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements or the notes thereto.

3. Exhibits

 

Number

  

Description of Document

3.1    Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Registrant as amended through March 1, 2006. (14)
3.2    Certificate of Amendment of Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Registrant, filed March 11, 2013. (18)
3.3    Certificate of Amendment of Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Registrant, filed July 18, 2016. (29)
3.4    Amended and Restated Bylaws of Registrant. (14)
3.5    Amendment adopted March 29, 2010 to Amended and Restated Bylaws of Registrant. (15)
3.6    Amendment adopted October 28, 2013 to Amended and Restated Bylaws of Registrant. (20)
4.1    Form of Common Stock Certificate. (13)
4.2    Form of Series B Preferred Stock Certificate. (28)
4.3    Form of Series C Preferred Stock Certificate. (30)
4.4    Form of Series D Preferred Stock Certificate. (31)
4.5    Certificate of Designations of Registrant of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of Registrant filed November 13, 2007. (12)
4.6    Certificate of Designations of Registrant of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock of Registrant and form of Series  B Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate. (28)
4.7    Certificate of Designations of Registrant of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock of Registrant and form of Series  C Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate. (30)

 

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Number

  

Description of Document

  4.8    Certificate of Designations of Registrant of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock of Registrant and form of Series  D Convertible Preferred Stock Certificate. (32)
  4.9    Forms of Series A and Series B Warrants to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on April 26, 2013. (19)
  4.10    Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on August 9, 2013. (21)
  4.11    Form of Warrant Exercise Agreement dated February 14, 2015 and Financial Advisor Warrant. (22)
  4.12    Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on March 25, 2015, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement. (24)
  4.13    Form of Placement Agent Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on March 25, 2015. (24)
  4.14    Form of Series [A][B] Common Stock Purchase Warrant issued by Registrant on October 14, 2015. (25)
  4.15    Form of Placement Agent Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on October 14, 2015. (26)
  4.16    Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on August 2, 2016. (30)
  4.17    Form of Placement Agent Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on August 2, 2016. (30)
  4.18    Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued by Registrant on December 14, 2016. (33)
  4.19    Form of Pre-Funded Common Stock Purchase Warrant issued by Registrant on March 9, 2018. (34)
  4.20    Form of Placement Agent Common Stock Purchase Warrant issued by Registrant on March 9, 2018. (35)
  4.21    Form of Series A Common Stock Purchase Warrant issued by Registrant on March 9, 2018. (36)
  4.22    Registration Rights Agreement dated March 6, 2018. (37)
10.1    Form of Change in Control Agreement dated March 28, 2003. (1)***
10.2    Form of Amendment No. 1 to Change in Control Agreement dated as of May 24, 2005. (7)***
10.3    Form of Amendment No. 2 to Change in Control Agreement dated as of December 31, 2006. (9)***
10.4    Patent License Agreement by and between Registrant and Lucent Technologies GRL LLC. (2)**
10.5    License Agreement between Registrant and Sunpower dated May 2, 2005. (3)**
10.6    Employment Agreement between Registrant and Jeffrey Quiram dated as of February 14, 2005. (4)***
10.7    Amendment to Employment Agreement between Registrant and Jeffrey Quiram dated as of December 31, 2006. (9)***
10.8    2003 Equity Incentive Plan As Amended May 25, 2005. (6)***
10.9    Form of Notice of Grant of Stock Options and Option Agreement for 2003 Equity Incentive Plan. (4)***
10.10    Management Incentive Plan (July 24, 2006). (8)***
10.11    Compensation Policy for Non-Employee Directors dated March 18, 2005. (5)***
10.12    Form of Director and Officer Indemnification Agreement. (23)***

 

44


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Number

  

Description of Document

10.13    Lease Agreement between the Registrant and Prologis Texas III LLC dated December 5, 2011. (16)
10.14    First Amendment to Lease Agreement between the Registrant and Prologis Texas III LLC dated August 23, 2012. (17)
10.15    Second Amendment to Lease Agreement between Registrant and Prologis Texas III LLC dated July 18, 2014. (23)
10.16    Agreement between Registrant and Hunchun BaoLi Communication Co., Ltd. (“BAOLI”) dated August 17, 2007. (10)
10.17    First Amendment to Agreement between Registrant and BAOLI dated November 1, 2007. (11)
10.18    Second Amendment to Agreement between Registrant and BAOLI dated January 7, 2008. (11)
10.19    Framework Agreement between Registrant and BAOLI dated November 8, 2007. (11)
10.20    Sino-Foreign Equity Joint Venture Contract between Superconductor Investments (Mauritius) Limited and BAOLI dated December  8, 2007 (Exhibit A to Framework Agreement with BAOLI). (11)
10.21    Form of Technology and Trademark License Agreement between Superconductor Investments (Mauritius) Limited, Registrant and BAOLI (Exhibit B to Framework Agreement). (11)
10.22    2013 Equity Incentive Plan adopted October 25, 2013, and forms of Award Agreements. (27) ***
14    Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. (7)
21    List of Subsidiaries. (38)
23.1    Consent of Marcum, LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm. (38)
31.1    Statement of CEO Pursuant to 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (38)
31.2    Statement of CFO Pursuant to 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (38)
32.1    Statement of CEO Pursuant to 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (38) *
32.2    Statement of CFO Pursuant to 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (38) *
101    Financials provided in XBRL format. (38)

 

(1) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 29, 2003, filed May 13, 2003.
(2) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2003, filed March 11, 2004.
(3) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended October 2, 2004, filed November 10, 2004.
(4) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, filed March 16, 2005.
(5) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended April 2, 2005, filed May 6, 2005.
(6) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed May 27, 2005.
(7) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005, filed March 8, 2006.
(8) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 28, 2006.
(9) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006, filed April 2, 2007.
(10) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 29, 2007, filed November 13, 2007.

 

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(11) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007, filed March 27, 2008.
(12) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed February 25, 2008.
(13) Incorporated by reference as Exhibit 4.1 to Registrant’s Form 10-K filed March 28, 2014.
(14) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, filed March 17, 2010.
(15) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 2, 2010.
(16) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, filed March 30, 2012.
(17) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 29, 2012, filed November 13, 2012.
(18) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 14, 2013.
(19) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 30, 2013.
(20) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 31, 2013.
(21) Incorporated by reference as Exhibit 4.9 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed August 2, 2013.
(22) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 17, 2015.
(23) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, filed March 12, 2015.
(24) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 24, 2015.
(25) Incorporated by reference as Exhibit 4.11 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed October 6, 2015.
(26) Incorporated by reference as Exhibit 4.12 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed October 6, 2015.
(27) Incorporated by reference as Exhibit A to Registrant’s Schedule 14A filed October 31, 2013.
(28) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 13, 2015.
(29) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 18, 2016.
(30) Incorporated by reference from Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed August 2, 2016.
(31) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.21 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed December 6, 2016.
(32) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.22 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed December 6, 2016.
(33) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.24 to Registrant’s Form S-1/A filed December 6, 2016.
(34) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.1 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 9, 2018.
(35) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.2 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 9, 2018.
(36) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 4.3 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 9, 2018.
(37) Incorporated by reference from Exhibit 10.1 to Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 9, 2018.
(38) Filed herewith.
* Furnished, not filed.
** Confidential treatment has been previously granted for certain portions of these exhibits.
*** This exhibit is a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

(b) Exhibits. See Item 15(a) above.

 

ITEM 16. FORM 10-K SUMMARY

None.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Superconductor Technologies Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Superconductor Technologies Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes and Schedule II — valuation and qualifying accounts (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Explanatory Paragraph — Going Concern

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As more fully described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has incurred significant net losses since its inception, has an accumulated deficit of $311,613,000 and negative cash flow from operations of $7,444,000 as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017, and expects to incur substantial additional losses and costs to sustain its operations. Further, the Company’s ability to realize its investment in its infrastructure is dependent on market acceptance and realization of significant revenues from its new products. The foregoing matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. These financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Marcum LLP

Marcum LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2009.

San Francisco, CA

March 23, 2018


Table of Contents

SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     December 31,
2017
    December 31,
2016
 

ASSETS

    

Current Assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 3,056,000     $ 10,452,000  

Accounts receivable, net

     151,000       8,000  

Inventory, net

     102,000       68,000  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     83,000       109,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Assets

     3,392,000       10,637,000  

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $11,200,000 and $9,350,000, respectively

     1,793,000       3,491,000  

Patents, licenses and purchased technology, net of accumulated amortization of $984,000 and $948,000, respectively

     742,000       990,000  

Other assets

     69,000       96,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 5,996,000     $ 15,214,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Current Liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 349,000     $ 336,000  

Accrued expenses

     481,000       608,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Current Liabilities

     830,000       944,000  

Other long term liabilities

     54,000       172,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     884,000       1,116,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 7 and 8)

    

Stockholders’ Equity:

    

Preferred stock, $.001 par value, 2,000,000 shares authorized, 328,925 and 333,767 issued and outstanding, respectively

     —       —  

Common stock, $.001 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 10,746,594 and 7,353,714 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

     11,000       7,000  

Capital in excess of par value

     316,714,000       316,177,000  

Accumulated deficit

     (311,613,000     (302,086,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

     5,112,000       14,098,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

   $ 5,996,000     $ 15,214,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

F-2


Table of Contents

SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

     Years Ended December 31  
     2017     2016     2015  

Commercial product revenues

     11,000       131,000       244,000  

Government contract revenues

     435,000       —         —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     446,000       131,000       244,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Costs and expenses:

      

Cost of commercial product revenues

     3,072,000       3,444,000       3,004,000  

Cost of government contract revenues

     331,000       —         —    

Research and development

     2,644,000       2,784,000       4,125,000  

Selling, general and administrative

     4,062,000       5,146,000       5,838,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total costs and expenses

     10,109,000       11,374,000       12,967,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss from operations

     (9,663,000     (11,243,000     (12,723,000

Other Income and Expense

      

Adjustments to fair value of warrant derivatives

     99,000       183,000       4,852,000  

Adjustment to warrant exercise price

     —         (66,000     (537,000

Other income

     37,000       10,000       13,000  

Other expense

     —       —       (207,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (9,527,000   $ (11,116,000   $ (8,602,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share

   $ (0.91   $ (3.53   $ (6.55
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding

     10,524,732       3,148,376       1,313,753  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3


Table of Contents

SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

    Convertible
Preferred Stock
    Common Stock     Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
    Accumulated
Deficit
    Total  
    Shares     Amount     Shares     Amount        

Balance at December 31, 2014

    328,925       —         950,936       1,000       286,369,000       (282,368,000     4,002,000  

Issuance of common stock (net of costs)

        1,106,319       1,000       8,889,000         8,890,000  

Issuance of Series B preferred stock

    4,750       —             4,305,000         4,305,000  

Issuance of common stock (net of costs) from exercise of outstanding warrants

        61,124         1,687,000         1,687,000  

Reclassification of warrant liability upon exercise

            669,000         669,000  

Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock

    (2,802     —         533,762       1,000       (1,000    

Repurchase of common shares to satisfy withholding obligations

        (8,926       (27,000       (27,000

Stock–based compensation

        (2,667       2,198,000         2,198,000  

Net loss

              (8,602,000     (8,602,000
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2015

    330,873       —         2,640,548       3,000       304,089,000       (290,970,000     13,122,000  

Issuance of common stock (net of costs)

        2,092,391       2,000       3,220,000         3,222,000  

Issuance of Series C preferred stock

    1,295       —             1,118,000         1,118,000  

Issuance of Series D preferred stock

    7,587       —             6,748,000         6,748,000  

Stock-based compensation

            1,004,000         1,004,000  

Cancellation of shares from reverse stock split

        (37        

Conversion of Series C preferred stock to common stock

    (1,295     —         419,812          

Conversion of Series B preferred stock to common stock

    (1,948     —         371,000          

Conversion of Series D preferred stock to common stock

    (2,745     —         1,830,000       2,000       (2,000    

Net loss

              (11,116,000     (11,116,000
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2016

    333,767       —         7,353,714       7,000       316,177,000       (302,086,000     14,098,000  

Conversion of Series D preferred stock to common stock

    (4,842     —         3,227,880       3,000       (3,000    

Issuance of common stock (net of costs) from exercise of outstanding warrants

        133,333       1,000       199,000         200,000  

Stock-based compensation

        31,667         341,000         341,000  

Net loss

              (9,527,000     (9,527,000
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

    328,925     $ —         10,746,594     $ 11,000     $ 316,714,000     $ (311,613,000   $ 5,112,000  
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2017     2016     2015  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

      

Net loss

   $ (9,527,000   $ (11,116,000   $ (8,602,000

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     1,885,000       2,139,000       2,458,000  

Stock-based compensation expense

     341,000       1,004,000       2,198,000  

Provision for excess and obsolete inventories

     —         —         58,000  

Adjustments to fair value of warrant derivatives

     (99,000     (183,000     (4,852,000

Adjustments to warrant exercise price

       66,000       537,000  

Gain on disposal of property and equipment

     —         —         (1,000

Changes in assets and liabilities:

      

Accounts receivable

     (143,000     28,000       45,000  

Inventory

     (34,000     52,000       (105,000

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     26,000       12,000       236,000  

Patents and licenses

     212,000       (130,000     (128,000

Other assets

     27,000       32,000       128,000  

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     (132,000     (9,000     (456,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

     (7,444,000     (8,105,000     (8,484,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

      

Purchase of property and equipment

     (152,000 )     —         (141,000

Net proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     —         —         1,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (152,000 )     —         (140,000
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

      

Repurchase of common shares for withholding obligations

     —         —         (27,000

Net proceeds from sale of common and preferred stock

     —         11,088,000       13,195,000  

Net proceeds from exercise of warrants

     200,000     —         1,687,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     200,000       11,088,000       14,855,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (7,396,000     2,983,000       6,231,000  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     10,452,000       7,469,000       1,238,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

   $ 3,056,000     $ 10,452,000     $ 7,469,000  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

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SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 — The Company

Superconductor Technologies Inc. (together with our subsidiaries, “we” or “us”) was incorporated in Delaware on May 11, 1987. We develop and produce high temperature superconducting (HTS) materials and associated technologies. We have generated more than 100 patents as well as proprietary trade secrets and manufacturing expertise. We are now leveraging our key enabling technologies in HTS materials and cryogenics, to pursue emerging opportunities in the electrical grid and in equipment platforms that utilize electrical circuits. In January 2012, we took possession of a facility in Austin, Texas and have moved our HTS wire processes and our research and development to Austin.

Our initial superconducting products were completed in 1998, and we began delivery to a number of wireless network providers. In the following 13 years, our cost reducing efforts led to the invention of our proprietary, high-yield and high throughput HTS material deposition manufacturing process.

Since 2010 we have focused our research and development efforts on adapting our successful HTS materials deposition techniques to the production of our HTS Conductus® wire for next generation power applications. While most of our current commercial product revenues come from the sale of high performance wireless communications infrastructure products, production of our Conductus wire is our principal opportunity to grow our future revenue.

Historically, we used research and development contracts as a source of funds for our commercial technology development. Although we are not currently involved as either a contractor or subcontractor on contracts with the U.S. government, in November 2016, we were selected as the prime recipient of a $4.5 million program award provided by the U.S. Department of Energy and, in June 2017, the related contract was finalized and we have now commenced work under that contract.

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

We have incurred significant net losses since our inception and have an accumulated deficit of $311.6 million. In 2017, we incurred a net loss of $9.5 million and had negative cash flows from operations of $7.4 million. In 2016, we had an accumulated deficit of $302.1 million, a net loss of $11.1 million and negative cash flows from operations of $8.1 million. At December 31, 2017, we had $3.1 million in cash. On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was $1.7 million. Our current forecast is that our existing cash resources will be sufficient to fund our planned operations into the third quarter of 2018. Our cash resources will not be sufficient to fund our business through March 30, 2019. Therefore, unless we can materially grow our revenues from commercial operations during such period, we will need to raise additional capital during the next 12-months to continue to implement our current business plan and maintain our viability. Additional financing may not be available on acceptable terms or at all. If we issue additional equity securities to raise funds, the ownership percentage of our existing stockholders would be reduced. New investors may demand rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock. If we cannot raise any needed funds, we might be forced to make further substantial reductions in our operating expenses, which could adversely affect our ability to implement our current business plan and ultimately our viability as a company. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

Our plans regarding improving our future liquidity will require us to successfully use our expertise and our technology to generate revenues in various ways, including commercial operations, joint ventures and licenses.

 

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We have invested and will continue to invest significant capital in our Austin, Texas manufacturing facility to enable us to produce our Conductus wire products. However, delays in the timing of our ability to, including but not limited to, raise additional capital, unexpected production delays, and our ability to sell our Conductus wire products in large scale could substantially impact our estimates used in the determination of expected future cash flows and/or expected future profitability. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that may result from the outcome of the uncertainties set forth above.

In 2016, we undertook steps to reduce our ongoing operating costs and we raised net cash proceeds of $11.1 million from the sale of our common and preferred shares and warrants.

On July 19, 2016, we effected a 1-for-15 reverse stock split of our common stock, or the Reverse Stock Split. As a result of the Reverse Stock Split, every fifteen shares of our pre-Reverse Stock Split common stock were combined and reclassified into one share of our common stock. The Reverse Stock Split did not change the authorized number of shares or the par value of our common stock. Share and per share data included herein has been retroactively restated for the effect of the reverse stock split.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as a new Topic, Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606. The new revenue recognition standard relates to revenue from contracts with customers, which, along with amendments issued in 2015 and 2016, will supersede nearly all current U.S. GAAP guidance on this topic and eliminate industry-specific guidance. The underlying principle is to use a five-step analysis of transactions to recognize revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. The standard, as amended, is effective for annual periods beginning December 15, 2017. We have evaluated our material contracts, and have concluded that the impact of adopting the standard on our financial statements and related disclosure was not material.

In July 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-12, Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Accounting for Share Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide that a Performance Target Could be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. To account for such awards, a reporting entity should apply existing guidance in FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation, as it relates to awards with performance conditions that affect vesting. As such, the performance target should not be reflected in estimating the grant-date fair value of the award. This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods and interim periods, within those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2016 has not had an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements — Going Concern (Sub-Topic 205-40)”, which provides guidance in GAAP about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. This update is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016 and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2017 has not had an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory”, which provides new guidance regarding the measurement of inventory. The new guidance requires most inventory to be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The standard defines net realizable value as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The standard applies to companies other than those that measure inventory using last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) or the retail inventory method. The standard was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those reporting periods. Early application was permitted. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2017 has not had an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17 Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes. This ASU simplifies the presentation of deferred income taxes and requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as non-current in a statement of financial position. We early-adopted ASU 2015-17 effective January 1, 2016 on a prospective basis. Adoption of this ASU resulted in all deferred tax assets and liabilities being presented as non-current in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 1, 2016. No prior periods were retrospectively adjusted.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes all existing guidance on accounting for leases in ASC Topic 840. ASU 2016-02 is intended to provide enhanced transparency and comparability by requiring lessees to record right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 will continue to classify leases as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the statement of income. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. ASU 2016-02 is required to be applied with a modified retrospective approach to each prior reporting period presented with various optional practical expedients. We are currently assessing the potential impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-07, Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method, which eliminates the requirement to apply the equity method of accounting retrospectively when a reporting entity obtains significant influence over a previously held investment. The new standard was effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application was permitted. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2017 did not impact our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2016-09 changes how companies account for certain aspects of share-based payment awards to employees, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those annual periods. If an entity early adopts in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period and the entity must adopt all of the amendments from ASU 2016-09 in the same period. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2017 has not had an impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. ASU 2016-15 refines how companies classify certain aspects of the cash flow statement in regards to debt prepayment, settlement of debt instruments, contingent consideration payments, proceeds from insurance claims and life insurance policies, distribution from equity method investees, beneficial interests in securitization transactions and separately identifiable cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. No early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Shares (Topic 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Part I, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features. ASU 2017-11 changes the classification analysis of certain equity-linked financial instruments, such as warrants and embedded conversion features, such that a down round feature is disregarded when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock under Subtopic 815-40. As a result, a down round feature — by itself — no longer requires an instrument to be remeasured at fair value through earnings each period, although all other aspects of the indexation guidance under Subtopic 815-40 continue to apply. ASU 2017-11 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently assessing the potential impact of adopting ASU 2017-11 on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

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Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Superconductor Technologies Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated from the consolidated financial statements.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less. Cash and cash equivalents are maintained with what management believes to be quality financial institutions and exceed FDIC limits. Historically, we have not experienced any losses due to such concentration of credit risk.

Accounts Receivable

We grant uncollateralized credit to our customers. We perform usual and customary credit evaluations of our customers before granting credit. Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts is our best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our existing accounts receivable. We determine the allowance based on historical write-off experience. Past due balances are reviewed for collectability. Account balances are charged off against the allowance when we deem it is probable the receivable will not be recovered. We do not have any off-balance-sheet credit exposure related to our customers.

Revenue Recognition

Commercial revenues are principally derived from the sale of our SuperLink, AmpLink and SuperPlex family of products and are recognized once all of the following conditions have been met: a) an authorized purchase order has been received in writing, b) the customer’s credit worthiness has been established, c) shipment of the product has occurred, d) title has transferred, and e) if stipulated by the contract, customer acceptance has occurred and all significant vendor obligations, if any, have been satisfied.

Government contract revenues are principally generated under research and development contracts. Revenues from research-related activities are derived from contracts with agencies of the U.S. Government. Credit risk related to accounts receivable arising from such contracts is considered minimal. All payments to us for work performed on contracts with agencies of the U.S. Government are subject to adjustment upon audit by the Defense Contract Audit Agency. Based on historical experience and review of our current project in process, we believe that adjustments from open audits will not have a significant effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Shipping and Handling Fees and Costs

Shipping and handling fees billed to customers are included in net commercial product revenues. Shipping and handling fees associated with freight are generally included in cost of commercial product revenues.

Warranties

We offer warranties generally ranging from one to five years, depending on the product and negotiated terms of purchase agreements with our customers. Such warranties require us to repair or replace defective product returned to us during such warranty period at no cost to the customer. Our estimate for warranty related costs is recorded at the time of sale based on our actual historical product return rates and expected repair costs. Such costs have been within our expectations.

 

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Indemnities

In connection with the sales and manufacturing of our commercial products, we indemnify, without limit or term, our customers and contract manufacturers against all claims, suits, demands, damages, liabilities, expenses, judgments, settlements and penalties arising from actual or alleged infringement or misappropriation of any intellectual property relating to our products or other claims arising from our products. We cannot reasonably develop an estimate of the maximum potential amount of payments that might be made under our indemnities because of the uncertainty as to whether a claim might arise and how much it might total. Historically, we have not incurred any expenses related to these indemnities.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred and include salary, facility, depreciation and material expenses. Research and development costs are charged to research and development expense.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with costs primarily determined using standard costs, which approximate actual costs utilizing the first-in, first-out method. We review inventory quantities on hand and on order and record, on a quarterly basis, a provision for excess and obsolete inventory and/or vendor cancellation charges related to purchase commitments. If the results of the review determine that a write-down is necessary, we recognize a loss in the period in which the loss is identified, whether or not the inventory is retained. Our inventory reserves establish a new cost basis for inventory and are not reversed until we sell or dispose of the related inventory. Such provisions are established based on historical usage, adjusted for known changes in demands for such products, or the estimated forecast of product demand and production requirements. Costs associated with idle capacity are charged to operations immediately.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Equipment is depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives ranging from three to five years. Leasehold improvements and assets financed under capital leases are amortized over the shorter of their useful lives or the lease term. Furniture and fixtures are depreciated over seven years. Expenditures for additions and major improvements are capitalized. Expenditures for minor tooling, repairs and maintenance and minor improvements are charged to operations as incurred. When property or equipment is retired or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts. Gains or losses from retirements and disposals are generally recorded in other income or expense. In 2015 there were disposals of $99,000 and gains of $1,000 from these disposals. There were no such disposals in 2016 or 2017.

Patents, Licenses and Purchased Technology

Patents and licenses are recorded at cost and are amortized using the straight-line method over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or approximately seventeen years.

Long-Lived Assets

The realizability of long-lived assets is evaluated periodically as events or circumstances indicate a possible inability to recover the carrying amount. Long-lived assets that will no longer be used in the business are written off in the period identified since they will no longer be used in operations and generate any positive cash flows for us. Periodically, long-lived assets that will continue to be used by us will need to be evaluated for recoverability. Such evaluation is based on various analyses, including cash flow and profitability projections, as well as alternative uses, such as government contracts or awards. The analyses necessarily involve significant

 

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management judgment. In the event the projected undiscounted cash flows are less than net book value of the assets, the carrying value of the assets will be written down to their estimated fair value. We tested our long lived assets for recoverability in each of the last three years and did not believe there was any impairment.

We have invested and will continue to invest significant capital in our Austin, Texas manufacturing facility to enable us to produce our Conductus wire products. Delays in the timing of our ability to, including but not limited to, raise additional capital, unexpected production delays, our ability to sell our Conductus wire products in large scale could substantially impact our estimates used in the determination of expected future cash flows and/or expected profitability. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that may result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

Loss Contingencies

In the normal course of our business, we are subject to claims and litigation, including allegations of patent infringement. Liabilities relating to these claims are recorded when it is determined that a loss is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Legal fees are recorded as services are provided. The costs of our defense in such matters are charged to operations as incurred. Insurance proceeds recoverable are recorded when deemed probable.

Income Taxes

We recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets based on the differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities, using enacted tax rates in effect in the years the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax benefit (expense) results from the change in net deferred tax assets or deferred tax liabilities. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that some or all deferred tax assets will not be realized.

The guidance further clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes and sets a consistent framework to determine the appropriate level of tax reserve to maintain for uncertain tax positions. This interpretation uses a two-step approach wherein a tax benefit is recognized if a position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained. The amount of the benefit is then measured to be the highest tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely to be realized and sets out disclosure requirements to enhance transparency of our tax reserves.

Unrecognized tax positions, if ever recognized in the consolidated financial statements, are recorded in the statement of operations as part of the income tax provision. Our policy is to recognize interest and penalties accrued on uncertain tax positions, if any, as part of the income tax provision.

No liabilities for uncertain tax positions were recorded in the current year. No interest or penalties on uncertain tax positions have been expensed to date. We are not under examination by any taxing authorities. Our state and federal statute of limitations for examination of us is open for 2013 and 2014, respectively, and subsequent filings.

We implemented ASU 2016-09 during the first quarter of 2017 as stipulated in the FASB guidance for publicly traded entities. To account for the implementation of ASU 2016-09, we accounted for previously unrecognized excess tax benefits by recognizing those benefits. Due to the Company’s full valuation allowance, this recognition has no effect on the net accrual after the valuation allowance.

Marketing Costs

All costs related to marketing and advertising our products are charged to operations as incurred or at the time the advertising takes place. Advertising costs were not material in each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2017.

 

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Net Loss Per Share

Basic and diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding in each year. Net loss available to common stockholders is computed after deducting accumulated dividends on cumulative preferred stock, deemed dividends and accretion of redemption value on redeemable preferred stock for the period and beneficial conversion features on issuance of convertible preferred stock. Potential common shares are not included in the calculation of diluted loss per share because their effect is anti-dilutive.

Stock-based Compensation Expense

We have in effect several equity incentive plans under which stock options and awards have been granted to employees and non-employee members of the Board of Directors. We are required to estimate the fair value of share-based awards on the date of grant. The value of the award is principally recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service periods. We have estimated the fair value of stock options as of the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes model considers, among other factors, the expected life of the award and the expected volatility of our stock price. We evaluate the assumptions used to value stock options on a quarterly basis. The fair values generated by the Black-Scholes model may not be indicative of the actual fair values of our equity awards, as they do not consider other factors important to those awards to employees, such as continued employment and periodic vesting.

The following table presents details of total stock-based compensation expense that is included in each functional line item on our consolidated statements of operations:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Cost of revenue

   $ 1,000      $ 6,000      $ 10,000  

Research and development

     47,000        142,000        332,000  

Selling, general and administrative

     293,000        856,000        1,856,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 341,000      $ 1,004,000      $ 2,198,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The impact to the consolidated statements of operations for 2017, 2016 and 2015 on basic and diluted earnings per share was $0.03, $0.32 and $1.68, respectively. No stock compensation cost was capitalized during the three year period ended December 31, 2017.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. The significant estimates in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements relate to the assessment of the carrying amount of accounts receivable, inventory, fixed assets, intangibles, fair value of options and warrants, estimated provisions for warranty costs, accruals for restructuring and lease abandonment costs, contract revenues, income taxes and disclosures related to the litigation. Actual results could differ from those estimates and such differences may be material to the consolidated financial statements.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

We have estimated the fair value amounts of our financial instruments using the available market information and valuation methodologies considered appropriate. We determined the book value of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and other current assets and other current liabilities as of December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 approximate fair value.

 

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The fair value of our warrant derivative liability was estimated using the Binomial Lattice option valuation model.

Fair value for financial reporting purposes is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date, ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures”, also establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. ASC 820 describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1 — quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2 — quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable

Level 3 — inputs that are unobservable (for example cash flow modeling inputs based on assumptions)

The fair value of our warrant liabilities was determined based on level 3 inputs. These derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at each period end, with any increase or decrease in the fair value being recorded in results of operations as Adjustment to Fair Value of Derivatives. See Note 5 — Stockholders Equity — Warrants.

Comprehensive Income

We have no items of other comprehensive income in any period and consequently have not included a Statement of Comprehensive Income.

Segment Information

We have historically operated in a single business segment: the research, development, manufacture and marketing of high performance products used in cellular base stations. We derived net commercial product revenues primarily from the sales of our AmpLink and SuperPlex products which we sold directly to wireless network operators in the United States. Net revenues derived principally from government contracts are presented separately on the consolidated statements of operations for all periods presented. As discussed in this Report, we are adapting our unique HTS material deposition techniques to produce our energy efficient, cost-effective and high performance Conductus wire.

Certain Risks and Uncertainties

Our long-term prospects are dependent upon the successful commercialization and market acceptance of our Conductus wire products. We do not currently have a customer buying significant amounts of our wire products. With respect to our Conductus wire business, we expect to also have some customer concentration in that business as we continue to commercialize our wire product. The loss of or reduction in sales, or the inability to collect outstanding accounts receivable, from any significant customer could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We currently rely on a limited number of suppliers for key components of our products. The loss of any of these suppliers could have material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

In connection with the sales of our commercial products, we indemnify, without limit or term, our customers against all claims, suits, demands, damages, liabilities, expenses, judgments, settlements and penalties arising from actual or alleged infringement or misappropriation of any intellectual property relating to our products or other claims arising from our products. We cannot reasonably develop an estimate of the maximum potential amount of payments that might be made under our indemnities because of the uncertainty as to whether a claim might arise and how much it might total.

 

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For more risks of our business, see Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Report and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Note 3 — Short Term Borrowings

None

Note 4 — Income Taxes

We incurred a net loss in each year of operation since inception resulting in no current or deferred tax expense for 2017, 2016 or 2015.

Due to our operating losses, the 2017 Tax Act did not impact our 2017 operating results or income tax expense. The primary impact of the 2017 Tax Act was the re-measurement of our deferred tax assets, based upon the new U.S. statutory corporate tax rate of 21% and the required change to the related valuation allowance. We have completed our determination of the accounting implications of the 2017 Tax Act, the impact of which is a $2,380,000 reduction in net deferred tax assets. The effective rate adjustment to deferred tax assets, a discrete item for the quarter, is fully offset by a decrease in the valuation allowance. As such, there is no net effective rate impact in our financial statements. No income tax provision was required for the deemed repatriation tax under the 2017 Tax Act, as our foreign subsidiaries had no cumulative positive earnings and profits.

The benefit for income taxes differs from the amount obtained by applying the federal statutory income tax rate to loss before benefit for income taxes for 2017, 2016 and 2015 as follows:

 

     2017     2016     2015  

Tax benefit computed at federal statutory rate

     34.0     34.0     34.0

Increase (decrease) in taxes due to:

      

Change in tax rate under tax reform

     (25.0    

Change in valuation allowance

     (9.0     (34.0     (34.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —        —        —   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The significant components of deferred tax assets at December 31 are as follows:

 

     2017      2016  

Loss carryforwards

   $ 2,563,000      $ 1,173,000  

Depreciation & Amortization

     951,000        1,755,000  

Stock Option Compensation

     358,000        0  

Other

     34,000        71,000  

Less: valuation allowance

     (3,906,000      (2,999,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ —      $ —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2017, we had net operating loss carryforwards for federal and state income tax purposes of approximately $353.6 million which expire in the years 2018 through 2037. Of these amounts, $77.5 million resulted from the acquisition of Conductus. Under the Internal Revenue Code change of control limitations, a maximum of $12.3 million will be available for reduction of future taxable income.

Due to the uncertainty surrounding their realization, we have recorded a full valuation allowance against our net deferred tax assets. Accordingly, no deferred tax asset has been recorded in the accompanying balance sheet. The valuation allowance increased by $ 907,000 in 2017 and decreased by $14,276,000 in 2016.

 

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Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code imposes an annual limitation on the utilization of net operating loss carryforwards based on a statutory rate of return (usually the “applicable federal funds rate,” as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) and the value of the corporation at the time of a “change of ownership” as defined by Section 382. We had changes in ownership in August 1999, December 2002, June 2009, August 2013, and December 2016. In addition, we acquired the right to Conductus’ net operating losses, which are also subject to the limitations imposed by Section 382. Conductus underwent five ownership changes, which occurred in February 1999, February 2001, December 2002, June 2009, August 2013, and December 2016. Therefore, the ability to utilize Conductus’ and our net operating loss carryforwards of $77.5 million which were incurred prior to the 2016 ownership changes, will be subject in future periods to annual limitations of $126,000. Net operating losses released from this limitation and/or incurred by us subsequent to the ownership changes and therefore not subject to this limitation totaled $9.9 million. An additional $126,000 in losses were released from limitation during the year under Section 382.

Note 5 — Stockholders’ Equity

Public Offerings

On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was approximately $1.7 million.

We did not conduct any offerings in 2017.

On December 14, 2016 we issued 1,798,787 shares of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share, with each share of common stock coupled with a five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock, at an exercise price of $2.00. For certain investors who would otherwise have held more than 4.99% of our common stock following the registered offering, we agreed to issue to such investors , in lieu of shares of common stock, 7,586.82 shares of a new class of preferred stock designated Series D Convertible Preferred Stock with a stated value of $1,000 and which are convertible into our common stock at a conversion price equal to $1.50 per share of common stock, together with an equivalent number of warrants in the same form and economic terms based on the related purchase price as the purchasers of the common stock. Each of the Series D Preferred and the warrants include a beneficial ownership limitation such that the holder may not exercise the warrant if, following such exercise, the holder (together with its affiliates and certain related parties) would hold more than 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding, which limitation, subject to increase or decrease upon at least 60 days’ notice by a holder, cannot be increased above 9.99%. The sale of these shares reset the exercise price of the warrants related to our August 2013 financing to $1.50. This offering provided gross proceeds of $10.3 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $9.2 million.

On August 2, 2016, we issued (i) an aggregate of 293,604 shares of our common stock at a price of $3.08375 per share and (ii) to investors, whose purchase of our common stock would otherwise result in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of this offering, an aggregate of 1,294.595255 shares of our Series C Convertible Preferred Stock. The Series C Preferred has a stated value of $1,000 and is convertible into shares of our common stock at $3.08375 per share. Subject to certain prohibitions on conversion, the 1,294.595255 shares of Series C Preferred would be convertible into an aggregate of 419,812 shares of our common stock. In a concurrent private placement, each Purchaser in the registered offering also received warrants to purchase 0.75 of a share of common stock for each share of common stock (or common stock underlying the Series C Preferred) purchased in such registered offering, or up to an aggregate of 535,062 warrants. The warrants have an exercise price of $3.00 per share and are exercisable during the period following the nine month anniversary of the date of issuance of the warrants until the five and a half year anniversary of the

 

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date of issuance. The warrants are exercisable for cash or, solely in the absence of an effective registration statement or prospectus, by cashless exercise. Each of the Series C Preferred and the warrants include a beneficial ownership limitation such that the holder may not exercise the warrant if, following such exercise, the holder (together with its affiliates and certain related parties) would hold more than 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding, which limitation, subject to increase or decrease upon at least 60 days’ notice by a holder, cannot be increased above 9.99%. In addition, we granted the placement agent in the registered offering and concurrent private placement, an aggregate of 49,939 five-year warrants to purchase our common shares at $3.855. This offering provided gross proceeds of $2.2 million and, after deducting the placement agent fees and our offering expenses, net proceeds of $1.9 million.

On October 14, 2015, in a registered direct offering, we sold 902,132 Class A Units (consisting of one share of our common stock, a Series A warrant to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $5.25, (“Series A warrant”), and a Series B warrant to purchase 0.75 of a share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $6.00 per share, (“Series B warrant”)). The shares of common stock, Series A warrants and Series B warrants part of a Class A Unit were immediately separable and were issued separately in this offering. We also sold to purchasers, whose purchase of Class A Units in this offering would otherwise result in the purchaser, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of this offering, 4,750.0005 Class B Units. Each Class B Unit will consist of one share of our Class B Convertible Preferred Stock, or the Series B Preferred, with a stated value of $1,000 and convertible into 902,132 shares of our common stock at $5.25 per share, the public offering price of the Class A Units, together with the equivalent number of Series A warrants and Series B warrants as would have been issued to such purchaser if they had purchased Class A Units based on the public offering price. The Series B Preferred do not generally have any voting rights but are convertible into shares of common stock. The shares of Series B Preferred, Series A warrants and Series B warrants part of a Class B Unit were immediately separable and were issued separately in this offering.

Preferred Stock

Pursuant to our Certificate of Incorporation, the Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock (par value $.001 per share) in one or more series and to fix the rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions, including the dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, redemption price or prices, liquidation preferences, and the number of shares constituting any series or the designation of such series. There is no beneficial conversion feature related to the conversion or liquidation of any of our preferred shares.

In February 2008, we issued to Hunchun BaoLi Communication Co. Ltd. (“BAOLI”) and two related purchasers a total of (a) 3,101,361 shares of our common stock and (b) 611,523 shares of our Series A Preferred Stock (convertible into 6,115,230 shares of our old common stock) in exchange for net proceeds of $14.9 million in cash after offering costs of $89,000, of which $4.0 million was received in 2007. Subject to the terms and conditions of our Series A Preferred Stock and to customary adjustments to the conversion rate, each share of our Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into ten shares of our common stock so long as the number of shares of our common stock beneficially owned by BAOLI and affiliates following such conversion does not exceed 9.9% of our outstanding common stock. In 2013, 235,717 of these preferred shares were converted into 196,422 shares of our old common stock. There was no conversion of these preferred shares into common stock in 2016 or 2015. At December 31, 2017, the 328,925 preferred shares issued and outstanding could be converted into 18,274 shares of common stock. Except for a preference on liquidation of $.001 per share, each share of Series A Preferred Stock is the economic equivalent of the ten shares of common stock into which it is convertible. There is no beneficial conversion feature related to the conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock, as the value of the common shares into which the preferred shares convert does not exceed the recorded amount of the preferred shares at the date of issuance. Except as required by law, the Series A Preferred Stock does not have any voting rights.

As of December 31, 2017, all of our issued Series B, C and D Preferred Stock had been converted into our common stock.

 

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Common Stock

On December 14, 2016 we issued 1,798,787 shares of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share, with each share of common stock coupled with a five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock, at an exercise price of $2.00. For certain investors who would otherwise hold more than 4.99% of our common stock following the registered offering, we agreed to issue to such investors in the form of Class B Units, 7,586.82 shares of a new class of preferred stock designated Series D Convertible Preferred Stock with a stated value of $1,000 and which are convertible into 5,057,880 shares of our common stock at a conversion price equal to $1.50 per share.

On July 27, 2016, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain investors pursuant to which we agreed to issue, (i) an aggregate of 293,604 shares of our common stock at a price of $3.08375 per share and (ii) to investors, whose purchase of our common stock would otherwise result in the investor, together with its affiliates and certain related parties, beneficially owning more than 4.99% of our outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of the offering, an aggregate of 1,294.595255 shares of our Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred”). The Series C Preferred have a stated value of $1,000 and are convertible into 419,812 shares of our common stock at $3.08375 per share.

On October 14, 2015, in a registered direct offering, we sold 902,132 Class A Units (consisting of one share of our common stock, a Series A warrant to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $5.25, and a Series B warrant to purchase 0.75 of a share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $6.00 per share and 4,750.0005 Class B Units (convertible into 902,132 shares of our common stock at $5.25 per share, the public offering price of the Class A Units, together with the equivalent number of Series A warrants and Series B warrants as would have been issued to such purchaser if they had purchased Class A Units based on the public offering price).

On March 25, 2015, in a registered direct offering, we sold 204,186 shares of our common stock, and 102,093 warrants to purchase additional shares over the next 5.5 years, at a price of $24.49 per share.

On February 14, 2015, we entered into warrant exercise agreements with certain holders of our outstanding warrants to purchase an aggregate of 61,123 shares of our common stock. The warrants were originally issued as part of an underwritten public offering that we closed on August 9, 2013. Pursuant to the terms of the agreements, the exercise price of the warrants being exercised was adjusted, immediately prior to their exercise, to $30.00 per share down from the previously agreed $38.55.

Equity Awards

At December 31, 2017, we had two equity award option plans, the 2003 Equity Incentive Plan and the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan (collectively, the “Stock Option Plans”) although we can only grant new options under the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan. Under the Stock Option Plans, stock awards may be made to our directors, key employees, consultants, and non-employee directors and may consist of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, performance awards, and performance share awards. Stock options must be granted at prices no less than the market value on the date of grant.

On September 27, 2017, our stockholders approved an amendment to the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares authorized to be issued under such plan from 293,333 to 2,293,333 shares and the related sublimit of awards to any one participant from 20,000 to 300,000 shares.

There were no stock option exercises in the last three years.

No stock options were granted in 2017 or 2016, but stock options were granted in 2015. The weighted average fair value of options has been estimated at the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing

 

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model. The following are the significant weighted average assumptions used for estimating the fair value under our stock option plans:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Per share fair value at grant date

     —          —        $ 1.97  

Risk free interest rate

     —          —          1.1

Expected volatility

     —          —          100.2

Dividend yield

     —          —          0

Expected life in years

     —          —          4.0  

The expected life was based on the contractual term of the options and the expected employee exercise behavior. Typically, options to our employees and Board Members have a 2 year vesting term and a 10 year contractual term and vest at 50% after one year and 50% after two years. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U. S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the expected option life assumed at the grant date. The future volatility is based on our 4 year historical volatility. We used an expected dividend yield of 0% because we have never paid a dividend and do not anticipate paying dividends. We assumed aggregate forfeiture rates of 10% to 20% based on historical stock option cancellation rates over the last 4 years.

At December 31, 2017, common stock totaling 2,064,524 shares was available for future grants and options covering 126,130 shares were outstanding but not yet exercised. Option activity during the three years ended December 31, 2017 was as follows:

 

     Number of Shares      Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
 

Outstanding at December 31, 2014

     80,063      $ 79.80  

Granted

     58,000        3.30  

Canceled

     (6,490      243.30  

Exercised

     —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2015

     131,573        38.10  

Granted

     —        —    

Canceled

     (415      674.22  

Exercised

     —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2016

     131,158        36.03  

Granted

     —        —  

Canceled

     (5,028      4.51  

Exercised

     —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2017

     126,130      $ 37.03  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The following table summarizes information concerning currently outstanding and exercisable stock options at December 31, 2017:

 

                          Exercisable  

Range of

Exercise Prices

   Number
Outstanding
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life in Years
     Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
     Number
Exercisable
     Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
 

$3.30 - $3.30

     54,000        7.9      $ 3.30        54,000      $ 3.30  

31.80 - 31.80

     62,167        5.9        31.80        62,167        31.80  

37.80 - 42.75

     5,405        5.8        40.85        5,405        40.85  

122.10 - 284.40

     2,376        3.4        268.88        2,376        268.88  

$315.00 - $921.60

     2,182        0.8        758.93        2,182        758.93  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     126,130        6.6      $ 37.03        126,130      $ 37.03  
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

Our outstanding options expire on various dates through November 2025. The weighted-average contractual term of outstanding options was 6.6 years and the weighted-average contractual term of currently exercisable stock options was 6.6 years. There were no exercisable options at December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 or December 31, 2015 with a price less than the then market value.

The grant date fair value of each share of our restricted stock awards is equal to the fair value of our common stock at the grant date. Shares of restricted stock under awards all have service conditions and vest over one to four years. The following is a summary of our restricted stock award transactions for the year ended December 31, 2017:

 

     Number of Shares      Weighted
Average Grant
Date Fair Value
 

Balance nonvested at December 31, 2016

     555      $ 41.40  

Granted

     44,334      1.07

Vested

     (555      41.40  

Forfeited

     (12,667 )      1.07
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance nonvested at December 31, 2017

     31,667      $ 1.07  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The weighted-average grant date fair value of our restricted stock awards, their total fair value and the fair value of all shares that have vested during each of the past three years is as follows:

 

     Year ended December 31  
     2017      2016      2015  

Weight-average grant date fair value

   $ 1.07        —        $ 16.20  

Fair value of restricted stock awards granted

   $ 48,000        —        $ 16,000  

Fair value of restricted stock awards vested

   $ 23,000        —        $ 1,420,000  

For the majority of restricted stock awards granted, the number of shares issued on the date the restricted stock awards vest may be net of the minimum statutory withholding requirements that we pay in cash to the appropriate taxing authorities on behalf of our employees. For the year ended December 31, 2015 we withheld 8,926 shares to satisfy $26,000 of employees’ tax obligations. There was no such withholding for the years ended December 31, 2017 or December 31, 2016.

No stock compensation cost was capitalized during the periods. At December 31, 2017, the total compensation cost related to non-vested option awards not yet recognized was $55,000 and the weighted-average

 

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period over which the cost is expected to be recognized is 1 year. The total compensation cost related to non-vested stock awards not yet recognized was $34,000, and the weighted-average period over which the cost is expected to be recognized is 1 year.

Warrants

The following is a summary of outstanding warrants at December 31, 2017:

 

     Common Shares  
     Total      Currently
Exercisable
     Price per
Share
     Expiration Date  

(1) Warrants related to April 2013 financing

     17,127        17,127      $ 81.75        April 26, 2019  

(2) Warrants related to August 2013 financing

     274,492        274,492      $ 1.50        August 9, 2018  

(3) Warrants related to February 2015 agreement

     3,056        3,056      $ 45.05        February 13, 2020  

(4) Warrants related to March 2015 financing

     102,093        102,093      $ 24.49        September 24, 2020  

(5) Warrants related to March 2015 financing

     10,209        10,209      $ 30.61        March 20, 2020  

(6) Warrants related to October 2015 financing

     1,355,171        1,355,171      $ 6.00        October 14, 2020  

(7) Warrants related to October 2015 financing

     90,345        90,345      $ 6.56        October 14, 2020  

(8) Warrants related to August 2016 financing

     535,062        535,062      $ 3.00        February 2, 2022  

(9) Warrants related to August 2016 financing

     49,939        49,939      $ 3.86        August 2, 2021  

(10) Warrants related to December 2016 financing

     6,856,667        6,856,667      $ 2.00        December 14, 2021  

On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was $1.7 million. In a concurrent private placement, we issued to the investor in the registered offering, an unregistered warrant (the “Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock for each share of common stock or Pre-funded Warrants purchased in the registered offering. The Warrants have an exercise price of $1.14 per share, shall be exercisable immediately and will expire five years and six months from the date of issuance. The Warrants are exercisable for cash or, solely in the absence of an effective registration statement or prospectus, by cashless exercise. The exercise price of the Warrants is not subject to a “price-based” anti-dilution adjustment. The sale of these shares reset the exercise price of warrants (2) to $1.14.

On December 14, 2016 we issued 1,798,787 shares of common stock at a price of $1.50 per share, with each share of common stock coupled with a five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock, at an exercise price of $2.00. For certain investors who would otherwise have held more than 4.99% of our common stock following the registered offering, we agreed to issue to such investors, in lieu of shares of common stock, 7,586.82 shares of a new class of preferred stock designated Series D Convertible Preferred Stock with a stated value of $1,000 and which are convertible into 5,057,880 shares of our common stock at a conversion price equal to $1.50 per share. The warrants include a beneficial ownership limitation such that the holder may not exercise the warrant if, following such exercise, the holder (together with its affiliates and certain related parties) would hold more than 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding, which limitation, subject to increase or decrease upon at least 60 days’ notice by a holder, cannot be increased above 9.99%.

On August 2, 2016, in a concurrent private placement transaction, investors who purchased shares of common stock or Series C Preferred in our registered offering received warrants to purchase 0.75 of a share of common stock for each share of common stock (or common stock underlying the Series C Preferred) purchased in such registered offering, or up to an aggregate of 535,062 warrants. The warrants have an exercise price of $3.00 per share and are exercisable during the period following the nine month anniversary of the date of issuance of the warrants until the five and a half year anniversary of the date of issuance. The warrants are exercisable for cash or, solely in the absence of an effective registration statement or prospectus, by cashless

 

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exercise. The warrants include a beneficial ownership limitation such that the holder may not exercise the warrant if, following such exercise, the holder (together with its affiliates and certain related parties) would hold more than 4.99% of the number of shares of our common stock outstanding, which limitation, subject to increase or decrease upon at least 60 days’ notice by a holder, cannot be increased above 9.99%. In addition, we granted the placement agent in the registered offering and concurrent private placement, an aggregate of 49,939 five-year warrants to purchase our common shares at $3.855.

On October 14, 2015, in a registered direct offering, we sold 902,132 Class A Units (consisting of one share of our common stock, a Series A warrant to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $5.25, and a Series B warrant to purchase 0.75 of a share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $6.00 per share and 4,750.0005 Class B Units (convertible into 902,132 shares of our common stock at $5.25 per share, the public offering price of the Class A Units, together with the equivalent number of Series A warrants and Series B warrants as would have been issued to such purchaser if they had purchased Class A Units based on the public offering price).

On March 25, 2015, in a registered direct offering, we sold 204,186 shares of our common stock, and 102,093 warrants to purchase additional shares over the next 5.5 years, at a price of $24.49 per share.

On February 14, 2015, we entered into warrant exercise agreements with certain holders of our outstanding warrants to purchase an aggregate of 61,123 shares of our common stock. The warrants were originally issued as part of an underwritten public offering that we closed on August 9, 2013. Pursuant to the terms of the agreements, the exercise price of the warrants being exercised was adjusted, immediately prior to their exercise, to $30.00 per share down from the previously agreed $38.55.

Warrants (1) and (3)-(10), above, are exercisable by paying cash or, solely in the absence of an effective registration statement or prospectus, by cashless exercise for unregistered shares of common stock. The exercise price of the warrants is subject to standard antidilutive provision adjustment in the case of stock dividends or other distributions on shares of common stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of common stock, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock, and also, subject to limitations, upon any distribution of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders. The exercise price of the warrants is not subject to “price-based” anti-dilution adjustment. We have determined that these warrants related to issuance of common stock are subject to equity treatment because the warrant holder has no right to demand cash settlement and there are no unusual anti-dilution rights.

Warrants (2), above, contain a provision whereby the warrant exercise price is decreased in the event that future common stock issuances are made at a price less than the then applicable exercise price. We have determined that warrants (3) are not considered indexed to our common shares under ASC 815-40, and require separate accounting as derivative instruments with changes in fair value recognized in earnings each period. Due to the potential variability of their exercise price, these warrants do not qualify for equity treatment, and therefore are recognized as a liability. The warrant liability is adjusted to fair value each reporting period, and any change in value is recognized in the statement of operations. Their initial August 9, 2013 valuation was determined using the binomial lattice valuation model, including an equal probabilities tree and early exercise factor of 30%, the significant weighted average assumptions for estimating the fair value of these warrants were, respectively, as follows: expected life of five years and two years (these two year warrants expired on August 9, 2015 and are no longer listed in the table of outstanding warrants above); risk free interest rates of 1.36% and 0.32%; expected volatility of 111% and 116% and; dividend yield of 0% and 0%. The initial fair value at August 9, 2013 was estimated to be approximately $4.2 million.

Using the binomial lattice valuation model, including an equal probabilities tree and early exercise factor of 30%, the fair value of these warrant liabilities at December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2016, respectively, were $245,000 and $127,000.

 

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Using the binomial lattice valuation model, including an equal probabilities tree and early exercise factor of 30%, the significant weighted average assumptions for estimating the fair value of these warrant liabilities at December 31, 2017 as follows: expected life of 8 months; risk free interest rates of 1.5%; expected volatility of 69% and; dividend yield of 0%. The December 31, 2017 fair value of these warrants was estimated to be $28,000. The fair value was reduced by $118,000 and $99,000, respectively, from December 31, 2015 to December 31, 2016 and from December 31, 2016 to December 31, 2017, respectively, principally due to our reduced market stock price.

Note 6 — Employee Savings Plan

In December 1989, the Board of Directors approved a 401(k) savings plan (the “401(k) Plan”) for our employees that became effective in 1990. Eligible employees may elect to make contributions under the terms of the 401(k) Plan; however, contributions by us are made at the discretion of management. We made a contribution of $66,000 to the 401(k) plan in 2017, and $62,000 and $85,000 in 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Note 7 — Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Leases

We lease our offices and production facilities under non-cancelable operating leases. All of our operations, including our manufacturing facilities, are located in an industrial complex in Austin, Texas. We occupy approximately 94,000 square feet in Austin, Texas under a long-term lease that expires in April 2020. Our Austin lease contains a renewal option and also requires us to pay utilities, insurance, taxes and other operating expenses. Although we currently have excess capacity, we believe this facility can be managed in a flexible and cost effective manner and is adequate to meet current and reasonably anticipated needs for approximately the next two years.

For 2017, 2016 and 2015, rent expense was $385,000, $643,000, and $514,000, respectively.

Patents and Licenses

We have entered into various licensing agreements requiring royalty payments ranging from 0.13% to 2.5% of specified product sales. Certain of these agreements contain provisions for the payment of guaranteed or minimum royalty amounts. In the event that we fail to pay any minimum annual royalties, these licenses may automatically be terminated. These royalty obligations terminate in 2018 to 2026. Royalty expenses totaled $45,000 in 2017, $45,000 in 2016 and $45,000 in 2015. Under the terms of certain royalty agreements, royalty payments made may be subject to audit. There have been no audits to date and we do not expect any possible future audit adjustments to be significant.

The minimum lease payments under operating leases and license obligations are as follows:

 

Years Ended December 31,

   Licenses      Operating
Leases
 

2018

   $ 45,000      $ 926,000  

2019

     10,000        935,000  

2020

     10,000        230,000  

2021

     10,000        3,000  

2022

     10,000      2,000  

Thereafter

     30,000        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total payments

   $ 115,000      $ 2,096,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Note 8 — Contractual Guarantees and Indemnities

During our normal course of business, we make certain contractual guarantees and indemnities pursuant to which we may be required to make future payments under specific circumstances.

Warranties

We establish reserves for future product warranty costs that are expected to be incurred pursuant to specific warranty provisions with our customers. Our warranty reserves are established at the time of sale and updated throughout the warranty period based upon numerous factors including historical warranty return rates and expenses over various warranty periods.

Intellectual Property Indemnities

We indemnify certain customers and our contract manufacturers against liability arising from third-party claims of intellectual property rights infringement related to our products. These indemnities appear in development and supply agreements with our customers as well as manufacturing service agreements with our contract manufacturers, are not limited in amount or duration and generally survive the expiration of the contract. Given that the amount of any potential liabilities related to such indemnities cannot be determined until an infringement claim has been made, we are unable to determine the maximum amount of losses that we could incur related to such indemnifications.

Director and Officer Indemnities and Contractual Guarantees

We have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors and executive officers, which require us to indemnify such individuals to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. Our indemnification obligations under such agreements are not limited in amount or duration. Certain costs incurred in connection with such indemnifications may be recovered under certain circumstances under various insurance policies. Given that the amount of any potential liabilities related to such indemnities cannot be determined until a lawsuit has been filed against a director or executive officer, we are unable to determine the maximum amount of losses that we could incur relating to such indemnities. Historically, any amounts payable pursuant to such director and officer indemnities have not had a material negative effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We have also entered into severance and change in control agreements with certain of our executives. These agreements provide for the payment of specific compensation benefits to such executives upon the termination of their employment with us.

General Contractual Indemnities/Products Liability

During the normal course of business, we enter into contracts with customers where we agree to indemnify the other party for personal injury or property damage caused by our products. Our indemnification obligations under such agreements are not generally limited in amount or duration. Given that the amount of any potential liabilities related to such indemnities cannot be determined until a lawsuit has been filed, we are unable to determine the maximum amount of losses that we could incur relating to such indemnities. Historically, any amounts payable pursuant to such indemnities have not had a material negative effect our business, financial condition or results of operations. We maintain general and product liability insurance as well as errors and omissions insurance, which may provide a source of recovery to us in the event of an indemnification claim.

Note 9 — Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. We are not currently a party to any legal proceedings that we believe would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations or cash flows.

 

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Note 10 — Loss Per Share

Loss per share is based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and diluted earnings (loss) per share was based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding plus all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding.

Since their impact would be anti-dilutive, our loss per common share does not include the effect of the assumed exercise or vesting of any of the following shares:

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Outstanding stock options

     126,130        131,158        131,573  

Unvested restricted stock awards

     31,667        555        34,153  

Outstanding warrants

     9,294,161        9,455,457        3,830,127  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     9,451,958        9,587,170        3,995,853  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Also, the convertible preferred stock, which is convertible into 18,274 and 3,246,154 and 389,273 shares of common stock at December 31, 2017 and 2016 and 2015, respectively, was not included since their impact would be anti-dilutive.

Note 11 — Details of Certain Financial Statement Components and Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information and Non-Cash Activities

Balance Sheet Data:

 

     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Accounts receivable:

     

Accounts receivable-trade

   $ 154,000      $ 13,000  

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts

     (3,000      (5,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 151,000      $ 8,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Inventories:

     

Raw materials

   $ 74,000      $ 68,000  

Reserve for raw materials

     —        —  

Work-in-process

     10,000      —  

Reserve for work-in-process

     —        —  

Finished goods

     18,000      —  

Reserve for finished goods

     —        —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 102,000      $ 68,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Property and Equipment:

     

Equipment

   $ 11,723,000      $ 11,571,000  

Leasehold improvements

     1,065,000        1,065,000  

Furniture and fixtures

     205,000        205,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     12,993,000        12,841,000  

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (11,200,000      (9,350,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,793,000      $ 3,491,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Depreciation and amortization expense amounted to $1,885,000, $2,061,000, and $2,383,000 in 2017, 2016, 2015, respectively. In 2017, 2016 and 2015 we disposed of older, fully depreciated equipment with an acquisition value of $0, $0, and $52,000, respectively.

 

     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Patents, Licenses and Purchased Technology:

     

Patents pending

   $ 44,000      $ 566,000  

Patents issued

     1,682,000        1,372,000  

Less accumulated amortization

     (984,000      (948,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net patents issued

     698,000        424,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 742,000      $ 990,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense related to these items totaled $36,000, $78,000 and, $75,000 in 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively. Amortization expenses related to these items are expected to total $40,000 in 2018 and $40,000 in 2019.

 

     December 31,
2017
     December 31,
2016
 

Accrued Expenses and Other Long Term Liabilities:

     

Salaries payable

   $ 104,000      $ 105,000  

Compensated absences

     173,000        144,000  

Compensation related

     4,000        17,000  

Warranty reserve

     8,000        8,000  

Deferred rent

     46,000        37,000  

Other

     172,000        342,000  

Fair value of warrant derivatives

     28,000        127,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     535,000        780,000  

Less current portion

     (481,000      (608,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Long-term portion

   $ 54,000      $ 172,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     2017      2016      2015  

Warranty Reserve Activity:

        

Beginning balance

   $ 8,000      $ 23,000      $ 38,000  

Additions

     —        —        —  

Deductions

     —          (15,000      (15,000
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 8,000      $ 8,000      $ 23,000  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 12 — Subsequent Events

On March 7, 2018, we announced the pricing of a registered offering of common stock (and common stock equivalents) with total gross proceeds of approximately $2 million. The closing of the registered public offering was completed on March 9, 2018. The net proceeds to us from the registered offering, after deducting the placement agent fees and our estimated offering expenses, was $1.7 million.

In connection with the offering, we issued 1,190,000 shares of its common stock at a price of $1.265 per share and, for investors who would otherwise hold more than 9.99% of our common stock following the registered offering, we agreed to issue to such investors pre-funded warrants to purchase 391,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $1.255 per warrant subject to payment of an additional $0.01 upon exercise (the “Pre-funded Warrants”), which are common stock equivalents. As a result, a total of 1,581,000 shares of common stock and common stock equivalents were issued.

 

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The offer and sale of the common stock and Pre-funded Warrants in the registered offering is registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, on a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-202702), as amended, which became effective on March 19, 2015 and a related prospectus supplement filed in connection with the registered offering (the “Registration Statement”).

In a concurrent private placement, we issued to the investor in the registered offering, an unregistered warrant (the “Warrants”) to purchase one share of common stock for each share of common stock or Pre-funded Warrants purchased in the registered offering. The Warrants have an exercise price of $1.14 per share, shall be exercisable immediately and will expire five years and six months from the date of issuance. The Warrants are exercisable for cash or, solely in the absence of an effective registration statement or prospectus, by cashless exercise. The exercise price of the Warrants is not subject to a “price-based” anti-dilution adjustment. The exercise price of the Warrants is subject to adjustment in the case of customary events such as stock dividends or other distributions on shares of common stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of common stock, stock splits, stock combinations, reclassifications or similar events affecting our common stock, and also, subject to limitations, upon any distribution of assets, including cash, stock or other property to our stockholders. The exercise of the Warrants is subject to certain beneficial ownership and other limitations set forth in the Warrants.

 

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SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.

Schedule II — Valuation and Qualifying Accounts

 

            Additions               
     Beginning
Balance
     Charged to
Costs &
Expenses
     Charged to
Other
Accounts
     Deductions     Ending
Balance
 

2017

             

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts

   $ 5,000      $ 2,000      $ —      $ —     $ 3,000  

Reserve for Inventory Obsolescence

     —          —          —        —    

Reserve for Warranty

     8,000        —        —        —         8,000  

Deferred Tax Asset Valuation Allowance

     2,999,000        —          907,000      —       3,906,000  

2016

             

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts

   $ 5,000      $ —        $ —      $ —     $ 5,000  

Reserve for Inventory Obsolescence

     774,000        —          774,000      —       —    

Reserve for Warranty

     23,000        —        —        (15,000     8,000  

Deferred Tax Asset Valuation Allowance

     17,275,000        —          —        (14,276,000     2,999,000  

2015

             

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts

   $ 1,000      $ 4,000      $ —      $ —     $ 5,000  

Reserve for Inventory Obsolescence

     733,000        41,000        —        —       774,000  

Reserve for Warranty

     38,000        —        —        (15,000     23,000  

Deferred Tax Asset Valuation Allowance

     13,940,000        3,335,000        —        —       17,275,000  

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on this 23rd day of March 2018.

 

SUPERCONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGIES INC.
BY:  

/s/ Jeffrey A. Quiram

 

 

  Jeffrey A. Quiram
  President and Chief Executive Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL THESE PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints William J. Buchanan, his attorney-in-fact, with full power of substitution, for him in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney-in-fact or his substitute or substitutes, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Report on Form 10-K has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:

 

Signature

  

Title

 

Date

/s/ Jeffrey A. Quiram

Jeffrey A. Quiram

  

President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

  March 23, 2018

/s/ William J. Buchanan

William J. Buchanan

  

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

  March 23, 2018

/s/ David W. Vellequette

David W. Vellequette

  

Director

  March 23, 2018

/s/ Lynn J. Davis

Lynn J. Davis

  

Director

  March 23, 2018

/s/ Martin A. Kaplan

Martin A. Kaplan

  

Chairman of the Board

  March 23, 2018