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EX-31.A - EXHIBIT 31.A - HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES INCex31-a.htm
 

 

 

UNITED STATES

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

  

(Mark One)

[X ]

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended JULY 31, 2017

OR

 

[    ]

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission file number 1-8551

 

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. (Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware (State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

 

22-1851059 (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

110 West Front Street, P.O. Box 500, Red Bank, NJ  07701 (Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

732-747-7800 (Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

N/A  (Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year, if Changed Since Last Report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes [ X ]    No [   ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [ X ]  No [    ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer [   ]   Accelerated Filer   [ X ] Smaller Reporting Company [   ]  Emerging Growth Company [   ]

Non-Accelerated Filer  [   ]    (Do not check if smaller reporting company)

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   [   ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes [   ]  No [ X ]

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 132,285,310 shares of Class A Common Stock and 15,307,607 shares of Class B Common Stock were outstanding as of September 1, 2017.

 

1

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC.  

    

FORM 10-Q  

 

 

INDEX

PAGE

NUMBER

  

  

PART I.  Financial Information

  

Item l.  Financial Statements:

  

  

  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited) as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016

3

  

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016

4

  

  

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Equity (unaudited) for the nine months ended July 31, 2017

5

  

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016

6

  

  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

8

  

  

Item 2.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

39

  

  

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

61

  

  

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

62

  

  

PART II.  Other Information

  

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

62

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

62

  

  

Item 6.  Exhibits

63

  

  

Signatures

65

  

2

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In Thousands)

 

   

July 31,

2017

   

October 31,

2016

 
   

(Unaudited)

    (1)  

ASSETS

               

Homebuilding:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 278,486     $ 339,773  

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

    1,955       3,914  

Inventories:

               

Sold and unsold homes and lots under development

    867,703       899,082  

Land and land options held for future development or sale

    182,617       175,301  

Consolidated inventory not owned

    138,529       208,701  

Total inventories

    1,188,849       1,283,084  

Investments in and advances to unconsolidated joint ventures

    108,560       100,502  

Receivables, deposits and notes, net

    38,847       49,726  

Property, plant and equipment, net

    52,436       50,332  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    43,464       46,762  

Total homebuilding

    1,712,597       1,874,093  
                 

Financial services cash and cash equivalents

    7,246       6,992  

Financial services other assets

    102,476       190,238  
                 

Income taxes receivable - including net deferred tax benefits

    -       283,633  

Total assets

  $ 1,822,319     $ 2,354,956  
                 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

               

Homebuilding:

               

Nonrecourse mortgages secured by inventory, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 70,818     $ 82,115  

Accounts payable and other liabilities

    331,048       369,228  

Customers’ deposits

    37,853       37,429  

Nonrecourse mortgages secured by operating properties

    13,347       14,312  

Liabilities from inventory not owned, net of debt issuance costs

    98,507       150,179  

Revolving credit facility

    52,000       52,000  

Notes payable and term loan, net of discount and debt issuance costs

    1,598,543       1,605,758  

Total homebuilding

    2,202,116       2,311,021  
                 

Financial services

    89,569       172,445  
                 

Income taxes payable

    1,796       -  
                 

Total liabilities

    2,293,481       2,483,466  
                 

Stockholders’ equity deficit:

               

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value - authorized 100,000 shares; issued and outstanding 5,600 shares with a liquidation preference of $140,000 at July 31, 2017 and at October 31, 2016

    135,299       135,299  

Common stock, Class A, $0.01 par value - authorized 400,000,000 shares; issued 144,046,073 shares at July 31, 2017 and 143,806,775 shares at October 31, 2016

    1,440       1,438  
                 

Common stock, Class B, $0.01 par value (convertible to Class A at time of sale) - authorized 60,000,000 shares; issued 15,999,355 shares at July 31, 2017 and 15,942,809 shares at October 31, 2016

    160       159  

Paid in capital - common stock

    707,516       706,137  

Accumulated deficit

    (1,200,217

)

    (856,183

)

Treasury stock - at cost – 11,760,763 shares of Class A common stock and 691,748 shares of Class B common stock at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016

    (115,360

)

    (115,360

)

Total stockholders’ equity deficit

    (471,162

)

    (128,510

)

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 1,822,319     $ 2,354,956  

 

 (1) Derived from the audited balance sheet as of October 31, 2016. See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

 

3

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In Thousands Except Per Share Data)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended July 31,

 
   

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Revenues:

                               

Homebuilding:

                               

Sale of homes

  $ 574,282     $ 640,386     $ 1,673,250     $ 1,823,318  

Land sales and other revenues

    2,760       59,979       14,393       72,146  

Total homebuilding

    577,042       700,365       1,687,643       1,895,464  

Financial services

    14,993       16,485       42,336       51,714  

Total revenues

    592,035       716,850       1,729,979       1,947,178  
                                 

Expenses:

                               

Homebuilding:

                               

Cost of sales, excluding interest

    478,886       583,783       1,399,353       1,583,979  

Cost of sales interest

    19,371       28,406       58,030       66,693  

Inventory impairment loss and land option write-offs

    4,197       1,565       9,334       22,915  

Total cost of sales

    502,454       613,754       1,466,717       1,673,587  

Selling, general and administrative

    45,517       51,685       135,392       155,560  

Total homebuilding expenses

    547,971       665,439       1,602,109       1,829,147  
                                 

Financial services

    8,867       8,916       23,082       26,749  

Corporate general and administrative

    15,698       14,885       47,425       43,804  

Other interest

    23,559       23,159       68,483       68,468  

Other operations

    (26

)

    957       1,466       3,488  

Total expenses

    596,069       713,356       1,742,565       1,971,656  

Loss on extinguishment of debt

    (42,258

)

    -       (34,854

)

    -  

Loss from unconsolidated joint ventures

    (3,881

)

    (2,401

)

    (10,109

)

    (5,227

)

(Loss) income before income taxes

    (50,173

)

    1,093       (57,549

)

    (29,705

)

State and federal income tax provision (benefit):

                               

State

    8,523       1,434       10,797       4,995  

Federal

    278,513       133       275,688       (9,592

)

Total income taxes

    287,036       1,567       286,485       (4,597

)

Net loss

  $ (337,209

)

  $ (474

)

  $ (344,034

)

  $ (25,108

)

                                 

Per share data:

                               

Basic:

                               

Loss per common share

  $ (2.28

)

  $ (0.00

)

  $ (2.33

)

  $ (0.17

)

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding

    147,748       147,412       147,628       147,383  

Assuming dilution:

                               

Loss per common share

  $ (2.28

)

  $ (0.00

)

  $ (2.33

)

  $ (0.17

)

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding

    147,748       147,412       147,628       147,383  

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

  

4

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(In Thousands Except Share Amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

   

A Common Stock

   

B Common Stock

   

Preferred Stock

                                 
   

Shares Issued and Outstanding

   

Amount

   

Shares Issued and Outstanding

   

Amount

   

Shares Issued and Outstanding

   

Amount

   

Paid-In

Capital

   

Accumulated Deficit

   

Treasury Stock

   

Total

 
                                                                                 

Balance, October 31, 2016

    132,046,012     $ 1,438       15,251,061     $ 159       5,600     $ 135,299     $ 706,137     $ (856,183

)

  $ (115,360

)

  $ (128,510

)

                                                                                 

Stock options, amortization and issuances

    48,250                                               467                       467  
                                                                                 

Restricted stock amortization, issuances and forfeitures

    188,548       2       59,046       1                       912                       915  
                                                                                 

Conversion of Class B to class A common stock

    2,500               (2,500

)

                                                    -  
                                                                                 

Net loss

                                                            (344,034

)

            (344,034

)

                                                                                 

Balance, July 31, 2017

    132,285,310     $ 1,440       15,307,607     $ 160       5,600     $ 135,299     $ 707,516     $ (1,200,217

)

  $ (115,360

)

  $ (471,162

)

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

  

5

 

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In Thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   

Nine Months Ended

 
   

July 31,

 
   

2017

   

2016

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

               

Net loss

  $ (344,034

)

  $ (25,108

)

                 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

               

Depreciation

    3,212       2,608  

Compensation from stock options and awards

    1,606       1,777  

Amortization of bond discounts and deferred financing costs

    11,385       9,209  

Gain on sale and retirement of property and assets

    (123

)

    (616

)

Loss from unconsolidated joint ventures

    10,109       5,227  

Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated joint ventures

    1,260       677  

Loss on extinguishment of debt

    34,854       -  

Inventory impairment and land option write-offs

    9,334       22,915  

Deferred income tax benefit

    285,579       (2,462

)

(Increase) decrease in assets:

               

Origination of mortgage loans

    (743,467

)

    (887,281

)

Sale of mortgage loans

    831,079       879,817  

Restricted cash, receivables, prepaids, deposits and other assets

    14,235       10,533  

Inventories

    84,901       154,909  

(Decrease) increase in liabilities:

               

State income tax payable

    (149

)

    (617

)

Customers’ deposits

    424       1,312  

Accounts payable, accrued interest and other accrued liabilities

    (54,753

)

    21,656  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    145,452       194,556  

Cash flows from investing activities:

               

Proceeds from sale of property and assets

    209       643  

Purchase of property, equipment and other fixed assets and acquisitions

    (5,034

)

    (5,094

)

Decrease in restricted cash related to mortgage company

    1,686       88  

(Increase) decrease in restricted cash related to letters of credit

    (2

)

    873  

Investments in and advances to unconsolidated joint ventures

    (33,403

)

    (39,089

)

Distributions of capital from unconsolidated joint ventures

    13,976       6,403  

Net cash used in investing activities

    (22,568

)

    (36,176

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

               

Proceeds from mortgages and notes

    153,517       147,170  

Payments related to mortgages and notes

    (165,935

)

    (200,273

)

Proceeds from model sale leaseback financing programs

    10,177       24,297  

Payments related to model sale leaseback financing programs

    (17,544

)

    (24,917

)

Proceeds from land bank financing programs

    10,663       162,468  

Payments related to land bank financing programs

    (56,683

)

    (70,749

)

Proceeds from senior secured notes

    840,000       -  

Payments related to senior secured, senior, senior amortizing and senior exchangeable notes

    (861,976

)

    (263,994

)

Borrowings from revolving credit facility

    -       5,000  

Net (payments) proceeds related to mortgage warehouse lines of credit

    (83,525

)

    6,781  

Deferred financing costs from land bank financing programs and note issuances

    (12,611

)

    (7,866

)

Net cash used in financing activities

    (183,917

)

    (222,083

)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

    (61,033

)

    (63,703

)

Cash and cash equivalents balance, beginning of period

    346,765       253,745  

Cash and cash equivalents balance, end of period

  $ 285,732     $ 190,042  

 

6

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In Thousands - Unaudited)

(Continued)

 

   

Nine Months Ended

 
   

July 31,

 
   

2017

   

2016

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow:

               

Cash paid (received) during the period for:

               

Interest, net of capitalized interest (see Note 3 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements)

  $ 88,914     $ 80,493  

Income taxes

  $ 1,055     $ (1,517

)

 

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited).

  

7

 

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - UNAUDITED

 

1.

Basis of Presentation

 

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) has reportable segments consisting of six Homebuilding segments (Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, Southeast, Southwest and West) and the Financial Services segment (see Note 16).

 

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include our accounts and those of all wholly-owned subsidiaries after elimination of all significant intercompany balances and transactions. 

 

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2016. In the opinion of management, all adjustments for interim periods presented have been made, which include normal recurring accruals and deferrals necessary for a fair presentation of our condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows. The preparation of Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and these differences could have a significant impact on the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results which might be expected for a full year. The balance sheet at October 31, 2016 has been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.

 

Reclassifications

 

In November 2016, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2015-03, “Interest - Imputation of Interest,” which changes the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet from an asset to a direct reduction of the carrying amount of the related debt. The adoption of this guidance resulted in the reclassification of applicable unamortized debt issuance costs from “Prepaid expenses and other assets” of $24.5 million to “Nonrecourse mortgages secured by inventory” of $1.3 million, “Liabilities from inventory not owned” of $3.0 million and “Notes payable and term loan” of $20.2 million on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We applied the new guidance retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements to conform to the fiscal 2017 presentation. Additionally, in November 2016, we adopted ASU 2015-15 “Interest - Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30)” (“ASU 2015-15”), which was issued as a follow-up to ASU 2015-03. ASU 2015-15 allows an entity to defer and present debt issuance costs for line-of-credit arrangements as an asset and subsequently amortize the deferred debt issuance costs ratably over the term of the line-of-credit arrangement, regardless of whether there are any outstanding borrowings on the line-of-credit arrangement. Therefore, there was no change to the presentation of our “Revolving credit facility” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for any of the periods presented.

 

 

2.

Stock Compensation

 

The Company had total stock-based compensation expense of $0.1 million and $1.6 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, respectively, and stock-based compensation expense of $1.0 million and $1.8 million ($0.8 million and $1.5 million net of tax) for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2016, respectively. Included in total stock-based compensation for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 was the vesting of stock options of $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Included in total stock based compensation was expense of $0.3 million for the three months ended July 31, 2016 and income of $1.6 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2016, in each case related to stock options. The income was due to $2.1 million of previously recognized expense of certain performance based stock option grants for which the performance metrics were no longer expected to be satisfied, partially offset by expense from the vesting of stock options of $0.5 million during the nine months ended July 31, 2016.

 

 

8

 

 

 

 3.

Interest

 

Interest costs incurred, expensed and capitalized were:

 

   

Three Months Ended

July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended

July 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Interest capitalized at beginning of period

  $ 90,960     $ 115,809     $ 96,688     $ 123,898  

Plus interest incurred (1)

    39,089       40,300       116,944       126,483  

Less cost of sales interest expensed

    19,371       28,406       58,030       66,693  

Less other interest expensed (2)(3)

    23,559       23,159       68,483       68,468  

Less interest contributed to unconsolidated joint venture (4)

    -       -       -       10,676  

Interest capitalized at end of period (5)

  $ 87,119     $ 104,544     $ 87,119     $ 104,544  

 

(1)

Data does not include interest incurred by our mortgage and finance subsidiaries.

 

(2)

Other interest expensed includes interest that does not qualify for interest capitalization because our assets that qualify for interest capitalization (inventory under development) do not exceed our debt, which amounted to $17.2 million and $10.1 million for the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $46.5 million and $36.8 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Other interest also includes interest on completed homes, land in planning and fully developed lots without homes under construction, which does not qualify for capitalization, and therefore, is expensed. This component of other interest was $6.4 million and $13.1 million for the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $22.0 million and $31.6 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

 

(3)

Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest, is the sum of other interest expensed, as defined above, and interest paid by our mortgage and finance subsidiaries adjusted for the change in accrued interest on notes payable, which is calculated as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended

July 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 

Other interest expensed

  $ 23,559     $ 23,159     $ 68,483     $ 68,468  

Interest paid by our mortgage and finance subsidiaries

    465       706       1,549       2,116  

Decrease in accrued interest

    17,528       8,641       18,882       9,909  

Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest

  $ 41,552     $ 32,506     $ 88,914     $ 80,493  

 

(4)

Represents capitalized interest which was included as part of the assets contributed to the joint venture the Company entered into in November 2015, as discussed in Note 17. There was no impact to the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations as a result of this transaction.

 

(5)

Capitalized interest amounts are shown gross before allocating any portion of impairments, if any, to capitalized interest.

 

 

4.

Reduction of Inventory to Fair Value

 

We record impairment losses on inventories related to communities under development and held for future development when events and circumstances indicate that they may be impaired and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than their related carrying amounts. If the expected undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying amount, then the community is written down to its fair value. We estimate the fair value of each impaired community by determining the present value of the estimated future cash flows at a discount rate commensurate with the risk of the respective community. For the nine months ended July 31, 2017, our discount rate used for the impairments recorded ranged from 18.3% to 19.8%. For the nine months ended July 31, 2016, our discount rate used for the impairments recorded ranged from 16.8% to 18.5%. No discount rate was used for communities impaired on land held for sale and purchase offer prices were used to determine the fair value of such communities. Should the estimates or expectations used in determining cash flows or fair value decrease or differ from current estimates in the future, we may need to recognize additional impairments. 

 

9

 

 

During the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, we evaluated inventories of all 380 and 418 communities under development and held for future development or sale, respectively, for impairment indicators through preparation and review of detailed budgets or other market indicators of impairment. We performed detailed impairment calculations during the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016 for 10 and 22 of those communities (i.e., those with a projected operating loss or other impairment indicators), respectively, with an aggregate carrying value of $82.7 million and $95.5 million, respectively. Of those communities tested for impairment during the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, three and 11 communities with an aggregate carrying value of $45.8 million and $47.8 million, respectively, had undiscounted future cash flows that exceeded the carrying amount by less than 20%. As a result of our impairment analysis, we recorded aggregate impairment losses of $3.2 million and $7.4 million, in one and seven communities, respectively, with aggregate pre-impairment values of $15.9 million and $37.0 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, respectively. We recorded aggregate impairment losses of $1.3 million and $16.4 million, in two and 12 communities, respectively, with an aggregate pre-impairment values of $5.4 million and $50.8 million, respectively, for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2016, respectively, which are included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations on the line entitled “Homebuilding: Inventory impairment loss and land option write-offs” and deducted from inventory. Impairments decreased for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 compared to the same period of the prior year as the impairments recorded for the nine months ended July 31, 2016 were mainly for land held for sale in the Midwest and Northeast. The pre-impairment value represents the carrying value, net of prior period impairments, if any, at the time of recording the impairment.

 

The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations line entitled “Homebuilding: Inventory impairment loss and land option write-offs” also includes write-offs of options and approval, engineering and capitalized interest costs that we record when we redesign communities and/or abandon certain engineering costs and we do not exercise options in various locations because the communities’ pro forma profitability is not projected to produce adequate returns on investment commensurate with the risk. Total aggregate write-offs related to these items were $1.0 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $1.9 million and $6.5 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Such write-offs were primarily located in our Northeast, Mid-Atlantic and Southeast segments for the first three quarters of fiscal 2017 and in all of our segments for the first three quarters of fiscal 2016. Occasionally, these write-offs are offset by recovered deposits (sometimes through legal action) that had been written off in a prior period as walk-away costs. Historically, these recoveries have not been significant in comparison to the total costs written off. The number of lots walked away from during the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016 were 1,200 and 1,570, respectively, and 2,739 and 5,089 during the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

  

We decide to mothball (or stop development on) certain communities when we determine that the current performance does not justify further investment at the time. When we decide to mothball a community, the inventory is reclassified on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets from “Sold and unsold homes and lots under development” to “Land and land options held for future development or sale.” During the first three quarters of fiscal 2017, we did not mothball any additional communities, but we sold three previously mothballed communities and re-activated two previously mothballed communities. As of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the net book value associated with our 24 and 29 total mothballed communities was $61.6 million and $74.4 million, respectively, which was net of impairment charges recorded in prior periods of $239.0 million and $296.3 million, respectively.

 

We sell and lease back certain of our model homes with the right to participate in the potential profit when each home is sold to a third party at the end of the respective lease. As a result of our continued involvement, for accounting purposes in accordance with ASC 360-20-40-38, these sale and leaseback transactions are considered a financing rather than a sale. Therefore, for purposes of our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, inventory of $70.9 million and $79.2 million, respectively, was recorded to “Consolidated inventory not owned,” with a corresponding amount of $62.7 million and $69.7 million (net of debt issuance costs), respectively, recorded to “Liabilities from inventory not owned” for the amount of net cash received from the transactions.

 

We have land banking arrangements, whereby we sell our land parcels to land bankers and they provide us an option to purchase back finished lots on a predetermined basis. Because of our options to repurchase these parcels, for accounting purposes, in accordance with ASC 360-20-40-38, these transactions are considered a financing rather than a sale. For purposes of our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, inventory of $67.6 million and $129.5 million, respectively, was recorded as “Consolidated inventory not owned,” with a corresponding amount of $35.8 million and $80.5 million (net of debt issuance costs), respectively, recorded to “Liabilities from inventory not owned” for the amount of net cash received from the transactions.

 

 

5.

Variable Interest Entities

 

The Company enters into land and lot option purchase contracts to procure land or lots for the construction of homes. Under these contracts, the Company will fund a stated deposit in consideration for the right, but not the obligation, to purchase land or lots at a future point in time with predetermined terms. Under the terms of the option purchase contracts, many of the option deposits are not refundable at the Company's discretion. Under the requirements of ASC 810, certain option purchase contracts may result in the creation of a variable interest in the entity (“VIE”) that owns the land parcel under option.

 

In compliance with ASC 810, the Company analyzes its option purchase contracts to determine whether the corresponding land sellers are VIEs and, if so, whether the Company is the primary beneficiary. Although the Company does not have legal title to the underlying land, ASC 810 requires the Company to consolidate a VIE if the Company is determined to be the primary beneficiary. In determining whether it is the primary beneficiary, the Company considers, among other things, whether it has the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance. Such activities would include, among other things, determining or limiting the scope or purpose of the VIE, selling or transferring property owned or controlled by the VIE, or arranging financing for the VIE. The Company also considers whether it has the obligation to absorb losses of the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE. As a result of its analyses, the Company determined that as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, it was not the primary beneficiary of any VIEs from which it is purchasing land under option purchase contracts.

 

10

 

 

We will continue to secure land and lots using options, some of which are with VIEs. Including deposits on our unconsolidated VIEs, at July 31, 2017, we had total cash deposits amounting to $48.6 million to purchase land and lots with a total purchase price of $942.1 million. The maximum exposure to loss with respect to our land and lot options is limited to the deposits plus any pre-development costs invested in the property, although some deposits are refundable at our request or refundable if certain conditions are not met.

 

 

6.

Warranty Costs

 

General liability insurance for homebuilding companies and their suppliers and subcontractors is very difficult to obtain. The availability of general liability insurance is limited due to a decreased number of insurance companies willing to underwrite for the industry. In addition, those few insurers willing to underwrite liability insurance have significantly increased the premium costs. To date, we have been able to obtain general liability insurance but at higher premium costs with higher deductibles. Our subcontractors and suppliers have advised us that they have also had difficulty obtaining insurance that also provides us coverage. As a result, we have an owner controlled insurance program for certain of our subcontractors whereby the subcontractors pay us an insurance premium (through a reduction of amounts we would otherwise owe such subcontractors for their work on our homes) based on the risk type of the trade. We absorb the liability associated with their work on our homes as part of our overall general liability insurance at no additional cost to us because our existing general liability and construction defect insurance policy and related reserves for amounts under our deductible covers construction defects regardless of whether we or our subcontractors are responsible for the defect. For the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, we received $3.0 million and $3.1 million, respectively, from subcontractors related to the owner controlled insurance program, which we accounted for as a reduction to inventory.

  

We accrue for warranty costs that are covered under our existing general liability and construction defect policy as part of our general liability insurance deductible. This accrual is expensed as selling, general and administrative costs. For homes delivered in fiscal 2017 and 2016, our deductible under our general liability insurance is a $20 million aggregate for construction defect and warranty claims. For bodily injury claims, our deductible per occurrence in fiscal 2017 and 2016 is $0.25 million, up to a $5 million limit. Our aggregate retention in fiscal 2017 and 2016 is $21 million for construction defect, warranty and bodily injury claims. In addition, we establish a warranty accrual for lower cost related issues to cover home repairs, community amenities and land development infrastructure that are not covered under our general liability and construction defect policy. We accrue an estimate for these warranty costs as part of cost of sales at the time each home is closed and title and possession have been transferred to the homebuyer. Additions and charges in the warranty reserve and general liability reserve for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended

July 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Balance, beginning of period

  $ 117,207     $ 136,706     $ 121,144     $ 135,053  
                                 

Additions - Selling, general and administrative

    2,639       4,247       8,403       13,162  

Additions - Cost of sales

    4,434       4,426       11,436       12,347  

Charges incurred during the period

    (5,489 )     (5,942

)

    (22,192 )     (21,125

)

Changes to pre-existing reserves

    -       -       -       -  

Balance, end of period

  $ 118,791     $ 139,437     $ 118,791     $ 139,437  

  

Warranty accruals are based upon historical experience. We engage a third-party actuary that uses our historical warranty and construction defect data to assist our management in estimating our unpaid claims, claim adjustment expenses and incurred but not reported claims reserves for the risks that we are assuming under the general liability and construction defect programs. The estimates include provisions for inflation, claims handling and legal fees.

 

Insurance claims paid by our insurance carriers, excluding insurance deductibles paid, were $0.5 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $0.7 million and $3.9 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, for prior year deliveries. During the first three quarters of fiscal 2016, we settled two construction defect claims relating to the Northeast segment which made up the majority of the payments.  

 

11

 

 

 

7.

Commitments and Contingent Liabilities

 

We are involved in litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, none of which is expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows, and we are subject to extensive and complex laws and regulations that affect the development of land and home building, sales and customer financing processes, including zoning, density, building standards and mortgage financing. These laws and regulations often provide broad discretion to the administering governmental authorities. This can delay or increase the cost of development or homebuilding.

  

We also are subject to a variety of local, state, federal and foreign laws and regulations concerning protection of health and the environment, including those regulating the emission or discharge of materials into the environment, the management of storm water runoff at construction sites, the handling, use, storage and disposal of hazardous substances, impacts to wetlands and other sensitive environments, and the remediation of contamination at properties that we have owned or developed or currently own or are developing (“environmental laws”). The particular environmental laws that apply to any given community vary greatly according to the community site, the site’s environmental conditions and the present and former uses of the site. These environmental laws may result in delays, may cause us to incur substantial compliance, remediation and/or other costs, and can prohibit or severely restrict development and homebuilding activity. In addition, noncompliance with these laws and regulations could result in fines and penalties, obligations to remediate, permit revocations or other sanctions; and contamination or other environmental conditions at or in the vicinity of our developments may result in claims against us for personal injury, property damage or other losses.

  

In March 2013, we received a letter from the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) requesting information about our involvement in a housing redevelopment project in Newark, New Jersey that a Company entity undertook during the 1990s. We understand that the development is in the vicinity of a former lead smelter and that recent tests on soil samples from properties within the development conducted by the EPA show elevated levels of lead. We also understand that the smelter ceased operations many years before the Company entity involved acquired the properties in the area and carried out the re-development project. We responded to the EPA’s request. In August 2013, we were notified that the EPA considers us a potentially responsible party (or “PRP”) with respect to the site, that the EPA will clean up the site, and that the EPA is proposing that we fund and/or contribute towards the cleanup of the contamination at the site. We began preliminary discussions with the EPA concerning a possible resolution but do not know the scope or extent of the Company’s obligations, if any, that may arise from the site and therefore cannot provide any assurance that this matter will not have a material impact on the Company. The EPA requested additional information in April 2014 and again in March 2017 and the Company has responded to its information requests.

  

The Grandview at Riverwalk Port Imperial Condominium Association, Inc. filed a construction defect lawsuit against Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. and several of its affiliates, including K. Hovnanian at Port Imperial Urban Renewal II, LLC, K. Hovnanian Construction Management, Inc., K. Hovnanian Companies, LLC, K. Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc., K. Hovnanian North East, Inc. aka and/or dba K. Hovnanian Companies North East, Inc., K. Hovnanian Construction II, Inc., K. Hovnanian Cooperative, Inc., K. Hovnanian Development of New Jersey, Inc., and K. Hovnanian Holdings NJ, LLC, as well as the project architect, the geotechnical engineers and various construction contractors for the project alleging various construction defects, design defects and geotechnical issues totaling approximately $41.3 million. The lawsuit included claims against the geotechnical engineers for differential soil settlement under the building, against the architects for failing to design the correct type of structure allowable under the New Jersey Building Code, and against the Hovnanian developer entity (K. Hovnanian at Port Imperial Urban Renewal II, LLC ) alleging that it: (1) had knowledge of and failed to disclose the improper building classification to unit purchasers and was therefore liable for treble damages under the New Jersey Consumer Fraud Act; and (2) breached an express warranty set forth in the Public Offering Statements that the common elements at the building were fit for their intended purpose. The Plaintiff further alleged that Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc., K. Hovnanian Holdings NJ, LLC, K. Hovnanian Development of New Jersey, Inc., and K. Hovnanian Developments of New Jersey II, Inc. were jointly liable for any damages owed by the Hovnanian development entity under a veil piercing theory.

 

The parties reached a settlement on the construction defect issues prior to trial, but attempts to settle the subsidence, building classification issue and Consumer Fraud Act claims were unsuccessful. The trial commenced on April 17, 2017 in Hudson County, New Jersey. In the third week of the trial, all of the Hovnanian defendants resolved the geotechnical claims for an amount immaterial to the Company, but the balance of the case continued to be tried before the jury. On June 1, 2017, the jury rendered a verdict against K. Hovnanian at Port Imperial Urban Renewal II, LLC on the breach of warranty and New Jersey Consumer Fraud claims in the total amount of $3 million, which resulted in a total verdict of $9 million against that entity due to statutory trebling, plus a to-be-determined portion of Plaintiff’s counsel fees, per the statute. The jury also found in favor of Plaintiff on its veil piercing theory. The parties have fully briefed post-trial motions on three issues: (1) the Hovnanian defendants’ motion for a judgment notwithstanding the verdict or a new trial; (2) the Hovnanian defendants’ motion addressing whether any of the Hovnanian entities could be jointly liable under a veil piercing theory for the damages awarded against K. Hovnanian at Port Imperial Urban Renewal II, LLC; and (3) the Hovnanian defendants’ motion for contractual indemnification against the project architect. The judge has set a return date of September 29, 2017 for all three motions. Once these motions are decided, the relevant Hovnanian defendants plan on appealing any remaining adverse portions of the verdict and judgment. With respect to this case, depending on the rulings of the judge and the outcome of any appeals, the range of loss is between $0 and $9 million plus the to-be-determined attorneys’ fees. Management believes that a loss is probable and reasonably estimable and that the Company has reserved for its estimated probable loss amount in its construction defect reserves. However, our assessment of the probable loss may differ from the ultimate resolution of this matter.

 

The Condominium Association of a second condominium project located nearby the Grandview at Riverwalk Port Imperial Condominium project also initiated a lawsuit against Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. and several of its affiliates, including K. Hovnanian at Port Imperial Urban Renewal III, LLC, K. Hovnanian Homes (not a legal entity but named as a defendant), K. Hovnanian Shore Acquisitions, LLC, K. Hovnanian Construction Management, Inc., K. Hovnanian Companies, LLC, K. Hovnanian Northeast, Inc., K. Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc., K. Hovnanian Construction III, Inc., K. Hovnanian Cooperative, Inc., and K. Hovnanian Investments, LLC, as well as other design professionals and contractors asserting similar claims for construction defects, design defects and geotechnical issues. Plaintiff in this case asserts damages of approximately $70 million, which amount is potentially subject to treble damages. Discovery is ongoing in this matter, and the trial is scheduled for January 2018. The Hovnanian defendants intend to defend these claims vigorously. With respect to this case, it is not yet possible to determine if a loss is probable or reasonably estimable.

 

We anticipate that increasingly stringent requirements will be imposed on developers and homebuilders in the future. Although we cannot reliably predict the extent of any effect these requirements may have on us, they could result in time-consuming and expensive compliance programs and in substantial expenditures, which could cause delays and increase our cost of operations. In addition, our ability to obtain or renew permits or approvals and the continued effectiveness of permits already granted or approvals already obtained is dependent upon many factors, some of which are beyond our control, such as changes in policies, rules and regulations and their interpretations and application.

 

12

 

 

 

 

8.

Restricted Cash and Deposits

 

Cash represents cash deposited in checking accounts. Cash equivalents include certificates of deposit, Treasury bills and government money market funds with maturities of 90 days or less when purchased. Our cash balances are held at a few financial institutions and may, at times, exceed insurable amounts. We believe we help to mitigate this risk by depositing our cash in major financial institutions. At July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, $6.4 million and $9.4 million, respectively, of the total cash and cash equivalents was in cash equivalents, the book value of which approximates fair value.

 

Restricted cash and cash equivalents on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets totaled $25.4 million and $22.9 million as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively, which includes cash collateralizing our letter of credit agreements and facilities as discussed in Note 10. Also included in this balance were (1) homebuilding and financial services customers’ deposits of $0.3 million and $20.6 million at July 31, 2017, respectively, and $2.2 million and $15.1 million as of October 31, 2016, respectively, which are restricted from use by us, and (2) $2.8 million of restricted cash at July 31, 2017 and $3.9 million at October 31, 2016 under the terms of our mortgage warehouse lines of credit.

 

Total Homebuilding Customers’ deposits are shown as a liability on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. These liabilities are significantly more than the applicable periods’ restricted cash balances because in some states, the deposits are not restricted from use and, in other states, we are able to release the majority of these customer deposits to cash by pledging letters of credit and surety bonds.

 

 

9.

Mortgage Loans Held for Sale

 

Our mortgage banking subsidiary originates mortgage loans, primarily from the sale of our homes. Such mortgage loans are sold in the secondary mortgage market within a short period of time of origination. Mortgage loans held for sale consist primarily of single-family residential loans collateralized by the underlying property. We have elected the fair value option to record loans held for sale and therefore these loans are recorded at fair value with the changes in the value recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in “Revenues: Financial services.” We currently use forward sales of mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”), interest rate commitments from borrowers and mandatory and/or best efforts forward commitments to sell loans to third-party purchasers to protect us from interest rate fluctuations. These short-term instruments, which do not require any payments to be made to the counterparty or purchaser in connection with the execution of the commitments, are recorded at fair value. Gains and losses on changes in the fair value are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in “Revenues: Financial services.”

 

At July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, $65.4 million and $147.4 million, respectively, of mortgages held for sale were pledged against our mortgage warehouse lines of credit (see Note 10). We may incur losses with respect to mortgages that were previously sold that are delinquent and which had underwriting defects, but only to the extent the losses are not covered by mortgage insurance or the resale value of the home. The reserves for these estimated losses are included in the “Financial services - Accounts payable and other liabilities” balances on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. As of July 31, 2017 and 2016, we had reserves specifically for 94 and 130 identified mortgage loans, respectively, as well as reserves for an estimate for future losses on mortgages sold but not yet identified to us.

  

13

 

 

The activity in our loan origination reserves during the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016 was as follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended

July 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Loan origination reserves, beginning of period

  $ 3,782     $ 8,306     $ 8,137     $ 8,025  

Provisions for losses during the period

  $ 41       45     $ 120       203  

Adjustments to pre-existing provisions for losses from changes in estimates

    (51

)

    (27

)

  $ (4,485 )     96  

Payments/settlements

            (197

)

            (197

)

Loan origination reserves, end of period

  $ 3,772     $ 8,127     $ 3,772     $ 8,127  

  

 

10.

Mortgages and Notes Payable

  

We had nonrecourse mortgage loans for certain communities totaling $70.8 million and $82.1 million (net of debt issuance costs) at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively, which are secured by the related real property, including any improvements, with an aggregate book value of $170.9 million and $201.8 million, respectively. The weighted-average interest rate on these obligations was 5.5% and 4.9% at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively, and the mortgage loan payments on each community primarily correspond to home deliveries. We also had nonrecourse mortgage loans on our corporate headquarters totaling $13.3 million and $14.3 million at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively. These loans had a weighted-average interest rate of 8.9% at July 31, 2017 and 8.8% at October 31, 2016, respectively. As of July 31, 2017, these loans had installment obligations with annual principal maturities in the years ending October 31 of: $0.3 million in 2017, $1.4 million in 2018, $1.5 million in 2019, $1.7 million in 2020, $1.8 million in 2021 and $6.6 million after 2021.

    

In June 2013, K. Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. (“K. Hovnanian”), as borrower, and we and certain of our subsidiaries, as guarantors, entered into a five-year, $75.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with Citicorp USA, Inc., as administrative agent and issuing bank, and Citibank, N.A., as a lender. The Credit Facility is available for both letters of credit and general corporate purposes. The Credit Facility does not contain any financial maintenance covenants, but does contain certain restrictive covenants that track those contained in our indenture governing the 8.0% Senior Notes due 2019, which are described in Note 11. The Credit Facility also contains certain customary events of default which would permit the administrative agent at the request of the required lenders to, among other things, declare all loans then outstanding to be immediately due and payable if such default is not cured within applicable grace periods, including the failure to make timely payments of amounts payable under the Credit Facility or other material indebtedness or the acceleration of other material indebtedness, the failure to comply with agreements and covenants or for representations or warranties to be correct in all material respects when made, specified events of bankruptcy and insolvency, and the entry of a material judgment against a loan party. Outstanding borrowings under the Credit Facility accrue interest at an annual rate equal to either, as selected by K. Hovnanian, (i) the alternate base rate plus the applicable spread determined on the date of such borrowing or (ii) an adjusted London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) rate plus the applicable spread determined as of the date two business days prior to the first day of the interest period for such borrowing. As of July 31, 2017 there were $52.0 million of borrowings and $15.0 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Facility. As of October 31, 2016, there were $52.0 million of borrowings and $17.9 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Facility. As of July 31, 2017, we believe we were in compliance with the covenants under the Credit Facility.

 

In addition to the Credit Facility, we have certain stand-alone cash collateralized letter of credit agreements and facilities under which there was a total of $1.7 million letters of credit outstanding at both July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively. These agreements and facilities require us to maintain specified amounts of cash as collateral in segregated accounts to support the letters of credit issued thereunder, which will affect the amount of cash we have available for other uses. As of both July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the amount of cash collateral in these segregated accounts was $1.7 million, which is reflected in “Restricted cash and cash equivalents” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

Our wholly owned mortgage banking subsidiary, K. Hovnanian American Mortgage, LLC (“K. Hovnanian Mortgage”), originates mortgage loans primarily from the sale of our homes. Such mortgage loans and related servicing rights are sold in the secondary mortgage market within a short period of time. In certain instances, we retain the servicing rights for a small amount of loans. Our secured Master Repurchase Agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“Chase Master Repurchase Agreement”), which was amended on July 31, 2017 to extend the maturity to July 31, 2018, is a short-term borrowing facility that provides up to $50.0 million through maturity. The loan is secured by the mortgages held for sale and is repaid when we sell the underlying mortgage loans to permanent investors. Interest is payable monthly on outstanding advances at an adjusted LIBOR rate, which was 1.23% at July 31, 2017, plus the applicable margin of 2.5% or 2.63% based upon type of loan. As of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the aggregate principal amount of all borrowings outstanding under the Chase Master Repurchase Agreement was $24.7 million and $44.1 million, respectively.

  

14

 

 

K. Hovnanian Mortgage has another secured Master Repurchase Agreement with Customers Bank (“Customers Master Repurchase Agreement”), which was amended on February 17, 2017, which is a short-term borrowing facility that provides up to $50.0 million through its maturity on February 16, 2018. The loan is secured by the mortgages held for sale and is repaid when we sell the underlying mortgage loans to permanent investors. Interest is payable daily or as loans are sold to permanent investors on outstanding advances at the current LIBOR rate, plus the applicable margin ranging from 2.5% to 5.25% based on the type of loan and the number of days outstanding on the warehouse line. As of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the aggregate principal amount of all borrowings outstanding under the Customers Master Repurchase Agreement was $31.2 million and $38.8 million, respectively.

  

K. Hovnanian Mortgage also has a secured Master Repurchase Agreement with Comerica Bank (“Comerica Master Repurchase Agreement”), which was amended on June 23, 2017 to extend the maturity date to June 21, 2018. The Comerica Master Repurchase Agreement is a short-term borrowing facility that provides up to $50.0 million through maturity. The loan is secured by the mortgages held for sale and is repaid when we sell the underlying mortgage loans to permanent investors. Interest is payable monthly at the current LIBOR rate, subject to a floor of 0.25%, plus the applicable margin of 2.5%. As of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, the aggregate principal amount of all borrowings outstanding under the Comerica Master Repurchase Agreement was $6.2 million and $29.8 million, respectively.

 

K. Hovnanian Mortgage had a secured Master Repurchase Agreement with Credit Suisse First Boston Mortgage Capital LLC which was a short-term borrowing facility that provided up to $50.0 million through its maturity on February 21, 2017. The facility was not renewed after maturity, therefore there were no outstanding borrowings thereunder as of July 31, 2017. As of October 31, 2016, the aggregate principal amount of all borrowings outstanding was $32.9 million.

 

The Chase Master Repurchase Agreement, Customers Master Repurchase Agreement and Comerica Master Repurchase Agreement (together, the “Master Repurchase Agreements”) require K. Hovnanian Mortgage to satisfy and maintain specified financial ratios and other financial condition tests. Because of the extremely short period of time mortgages are held by K. Hovnanian Mortgage before the mortgages are sold to investors (generally a period of a few weeks), the immateriality to us on a consolidated basis of the size of the Master Repurchase Agreements, the levels required by these financial covenants, our ability based on our immediately available resources to contribute sufficient capital to cure any default, were such conditions to occur, and our right to cure any conditions of default based on the terms of the applicable agreement, we do not consider any of these covenants to be substantive or material. As of July 31, 2017, we believe we were in compliance with the covenants under the Master Repurchase Agreements.

 

 

11.

Senior Notes and Term Loan

 

Senior Notes and Term Loan balances as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, were as follows:

 

 

(In thousands)

 

July 31,

2017(1)(2)

   

October 31,

2016(1)(2)

 

Senior Secured Term Loan, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 72,699     $ 72,646  

Senior Secured Notes:

               

7.25% Senior Secured First Lien Notes due October 15, 2020

  $ -     $ 569,641  

10.0% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due October 15, 2018 (net of discount)

    -       68,951  

9.125% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due November 15, 2020

    -       143,337  

9.5% Senior Secured Notes due November 15, 2020

    74,298       74,140  

2.0% Senior Secured Notes due November 1, 2021 (net of discount)

    53,049       53,022  

5.0% Senior Secured Notes due November 1, 2021 (net of discount)

    133,292       131,998  

10.0% Senior Secured Notes due July 15, 2022

    435,060       -  

10.5% Senior Secured Notes due July 15, 2024

    395,507       -  

Total Senior Secured Notes, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 1,091,206     $ 1,041,089  

Senior Notes:

               

7.0% Senior Notes due January 15, 2019

  $ 131,839     $ 148,800  

8.0% Senior Notes due November 1, 2019

    234,084       247,348  

Total Senior Notes, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 365,923     $ 396,148  

11.0% Senior Amortizing Notes due December 1, 2017, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 2,018     $ 6,152  

Senior Exchangeable Notes due December 1, 2017, net of debt issuance costs

  $ 53,155     $ 57,298  

 

(1) “Notes payable and term loan” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016 consists of the total senior secured, senior, senior amortizing and senior exchangeable notes and senior secured term loan shown above, as well as accrued interest of $13.5 million and $32.4 million, respectively.

 

(2) As discussed in Note 1, we adopted ASU 2015-03 in November 2016. We applied the new guidance retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements to conform to the fiscal 2017 presentation. As a result, $20.2 million of debt issuance costs at October 31, 2016, were reclassified from prepaids and other assets to a reduction in our senior secured term loan, senior secured, senior, senior amortizing and senior exchangeable notes. Debt issuance costs at July 31, 2017 were $15.9 million.

 

15

 

 

General

 

Except for K. Hovnanian, the issuer of the notes, our home mortgage subsidiaries, joint ventures and subsidiaries holding interests in our joint ventures and certain of our title insurance subsidiaries, we and each of our subsidiaries are guarantors of the senior secured term loan and senior secured, senior, senior amortizing and senior exchangeable notes outstanding at July 31, 2017 (collectively, the “Notes Guarantors”). In addition to the Notes Guarantors, the 5.0% Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the “5.0% 2021 Notes”), the 2.0% Senior Secured Notes due 2021 (the “2.0% 2021 Notes” and together with the 5.0% 2021 Notes, the “2021 Notes”) and the 9.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2020 (the “9.5% 2020 Notes” and collectively with the 2021 Notes, the “JV Holdings Secured Group Notes”) are guaranteed by K. Hovnanian JV Holdings, L.L.C. and its subsidiaries, except for certain joint ventures and joint venture holding companies (collectively, the “JV Holdings Secured Group”). Members of the JV Holdings Secured Group do not guarantee K. Hovnanian's other indebtedness.  

 

The Term Loan Credit Agreement (defined below) and the indentures governing the notes outstanding at July 31, 2017 do not contain any financial maintenance covenants, but do contain restrictive covenants that limit, among other things, the Company’s ability and that of certain of its subsidiaries, including K. Hovnanian, to incur additional indebtedness (other than nonrecourse indebtedness, certain permitted indebtedness and refinancing indebtedness (under the Term Loans (defined below) and the 9.5% 2020 Notes, any new or refinancing indebtedness may not be scheduled to mature earlier than January 15, 2021 (so long as no member of the JV Holdings Secured Group is an obligor thereon), or February 15, 2021 (if otherwise), and under the 10.0% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “10.0% 2022 Notes”) and the 10.5% Senior Secured Notes due 2024 (the “10.5% 2024 Notes”), any refinancing indebtedness of the 7.0% Senior Notes due 2019 (the “7.0% Notes”) and 8.0% Senior Notes due 2019 (the “8.0% Notes” and together with the 7.0% Notes, the “2019 Notes”) may not be scheduled to mature earlier than July 16, 2024)), pay dividends and make distributions on common and preferred stock, repurchase subordinated indebtedness (with respect to the Term Loan and certain of the senior secured and senior notes) and common and preferred stock, make other restricted payments, including investments, sell certain assets (including in certain land banking transactions), incur liens, consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all assets, enter into certain transactions with affiliates and make cash repayments of the 2019 Notes (with respect to the 10.0% 2022 Notes and 10.5% 2024 Notes). The Term Loan Credit Agreement and the indentures also contain events of default which would permit the lenders/holders thereof to exercise remedies with respect to the collateral (as applicable), declare the loans made under the Term Loan Facility (defined below) (the “Term Loans”)/notes to be immediately due and payable if not cured within applicable grace periods, including the failure to make timely payments on the Term Loans/notes or other material indebtedness, cross default to other material indebtedness, the failure to comply with agreements and covenants and specified events of bankruptcy and insolvency, with respect to the Term Loans, material inaccuracy of representations and warranties and a change of control, and, with respect to the Term Loans and senior secured notes, the failure of the documents granting security for the Term Loans and senior secured notes to be in full force and effect, and the failure of the liens on any material portion of the collateral securing the Term Loans and senior secured notes to be valid and perfected. As of July 31, 2017, we believe we were in compliance with the covenants of the Term Loan Facility and the indentures governing our outstanding notes.

 

If our consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio, as defined in the agreements governing our debt instruments (other than the senior exchangeable notes discussed below), is less than 2.0 to 1.0, we are restricted from making certain payments, including dividends, and from incurring indebtedness other than certain permitted indebtedness, refinancing indebtedness and nonrecourse indebtedness. As a result of this ratio restriction, we are currently restricted from paying dividends, which are not cumulative, on our 7.625% Series A Preferred Stock. We anticipate that we will continue to be restricted from paying dividends for the foreseeable future. Our inability to pay dividends is in accordance with covenant restrictions and will not result in a default under our debt instruments or otherwise affect compliance with any of the covenants contained in our debt instruments.

 

Under the terms of our debt agreements, we have the right to make certain redemptions and prepayments and, depending on market conditions and covenant restrictions, may do so from time to time. We also continue to evaluate our capital structure and may also continue to make debt purchases and/or exchanges for debt or equity from time to time through tender offers, open market purchases, private transactions, or otherwise, or seek to raise additional debt or equity capital, depending on market conditions and covenant restrictions.

  

Any liquidity-enhancing transaction will depend on identifying counterparties, negotiation of documentation and applicable closing conditions and any required approvals. Due to covenant restrictions in our debt instruments, we are currently limited in the amount of debt we can incur that does not qualify as refinancing indebtedness with certain maturity requirements as discussed above (a limitation that we expect to continue for the foreseeable future), even if market conditions would otherwise be favorable, which could also impact our ability to grow our business. 

 

16

 

 

Fiscal 2017

 

During the nine months ended July 31, 2017, we repurchased in open market transactions $17.5 million aggregate principal amount of 7.0% Notes, $14.0 million aggregate principal amount of 8.0% Notes and 6,925 Units (defined below under “Units”) representing $6.9 million stated amount of Units. The aggregate purchase price for these transactions was $30.8 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest. These transactions resulted in a gain on extinguishment of debt of $7.8 million, which is included as “Loss on Extinguishment of Debt” on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. This gain was offset by $0.4 million of costs associated with the 9.5% 2020 Notes issued during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 and the debt transactions during the third quarter of fiscal 2017 discussed below.

 

On July 27, 2017, K. Hovnanian issued $440.0 million aggregate principal amount of 10.0% 2022 Notes and $400.0 million aggregate principal amount of 10.5% 2024 Notes. The net proceeds from these issuances together with available cash were used to (i) purchase $575,912,000 principal amount of 7.25% Senior Secured First Lien Notes due 2020 (the “7.25% First Lien Notes”), $87,321,000 principal amount of 9.125% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes due 2020 (the “9.125% Second Lien Notes” and, together with the 7.25% First Lien Notes, the "2020 Secured Notes") and all $75,000,000 principal amount of 10.0% Senior Secured Second Lien Notes (the “10.0% Second Lien Notes”) that were tendered and accepted for purchase pursuant to K. Hovnanian’s offers to purchase for cash (the “Tender Offers”) any and all of the 7.25% First Lien Notes, the 9.125% Second Lien Notes and the 10.0% Second Lien Notes and to pay related tender premiums and accrued and unpaid interest thereon to the date of purchase and (ii) satisfy and discharge all obligations (and cause the release of the liens on the collateral securing such indebtedness) under the indentures under which the 7.25% First Lien Notes, the 9.125% Second Lien Notes and the 10.0% Second Lien Notes were issued and in connection therewith to call for redemption on October 15, 2017 and on November 15, 2017 all remaining $1,088,000 principal amount of 7.25% First Lien Notes and all remaining $57,679,000 principal amount of 9.125% Second Lien Notes, respectively, that were not validly tendered and purchased in the applicable Tender Offer in accordance with the redemption provisions of the indentures governing the 2020 Secured Notes. These transactions resulted in a loss on extinguishment of debt of $42.3 million, which is included as “Loss on Extinguishment of Debt” on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

 

The 10.0% 2022 Notes have a maturity of July 15, 2022 and bear interest at a rate of 10.0% per annum payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing January 15, 2018, to holders of record at the close of business on January 1 and July 1, as the case may be, immediately preceding such interest payment dates. The 10.0% 2022 Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time prior to July 15, 2019 at 100.0% of their principal amount plus an applicable “Make-Whole Amount.” K. Hovnanian may also redeem some or all of the 10.0% 2022 Notes at 105.0% of principal commencing July 15, 2019, at 102.50% of principal commencing July 15, 2020 and at 100.0% of principal commencing July 15, 2021. In addition, K. Hovnanian may also redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the 10.0% 2022 Notes prior to July 15, 2019 with the net cash proceeds from certain equity offerings at 110.0% of principal.

 

The 10.5% 2024 Notes have a maturity of July 15, 2024 and bear interest at a rate of 10.5% per annum payable semi-annually on January 15 and July 15 of each year, commencing January 15, 2018, to holders of record at the close of business on January 1 and July 1, as the case may be, immediately preceding such interest payment dates. The 10.5% 2024 Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time prior to July 15, 2020 at 100.0% of their principal amount plus an applicable “Make-Whole Amount.” K. Hovnanian may also redeem some or all of the 10.5% 2024 Notes at 105.25% of principal commencing July 15, 2020, at 102.625% of principal commencing July 15, 2021 and at 100.0% of principal commencing July 15, 2022. In addition, K. Hovnanian may also redeem up to 35.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the 10.5% 2024 Notes prior to July 15, 2020 with the net cash proceeds from certain equity offerings at 110.50% of principal.

 

All of K. Hovnanian’s obligations under the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes are guaranteed by the Notes Guarantors. In addition to the pledges of the equity interests in K. Hovnanian and the subsidiary Notes Guarantors which secure the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes, the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes and the guarantees thereof will also be secured in accordance with the terms of the indenture and security documents governing such Notes by pari passu liens on substantially all of the assets owned by K. Hovnanian and the Notes Guarantors, in each case subject to permitted liens and certain exceptions (the collateral securing the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes will be the same as that securing the Term Loans). The liens securing the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes rank junior to the liens securing the Term Loans and any other future secured obligations that are senior in priority with respect to the assets securing the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes.

 

In connection with the issuance of the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes, K. Hovnanian and the Notes Guarantors entered into security and pledge agreements pursuant to which K. Hovnanian and the Notes Guarantors pledged substantially all of their assets to secure their obligations under the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes, subject to permitted liens and certain exceptions as set forth in such agreements. K. Hovnanian and the Notes Guarantors also entered into applicable intercreditor and collateral agency agreements which set forth agreements with respect to the relative priority of their various secured obligations.

 

The indenture governing the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes was entered into on July 27, 2017 among K. Hovnanian, the Notes Guarantors and Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee and collateral agent. The covenants and events of default in the indenture are described above under “—General”.

 

17

 

 

Other Secured Obligations

 

Our $75.0 million senior secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) has a maturity of August 1, 2019 (provided that if any of K. Hovnanian’s 7.0% Notes remain outstanding on October 15, 2018, the maturity date of the Term Loan Facility will be October 15, 2018, or if any refinancing indebtedness with respect to the 7.0% Notes has a maturity date prior to January 15, 2021, the maturity date of the Term Loan Facility will be October 15, 2018) and bears interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 7.0% or, at K. Hovnanian’s option, a base rate plus an applicable margin of 6.0%, payable monthly. At any time from and after September 8, 2018, K. Hovnanian may voluntarily repay outstanding Term Loans, provided that voluntary prepayments of Eurodollar loans made on a date other than the last day of an interest period applicable thereto are subject to customary breakage costs and voluntary prepayments made prior to February 1, 2019 are subject to a premium equal to 1.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loans so prepaid (any prepayment of the Term Loans made on or after February 1, 2019 are without any prepayment premium).

 

Our 9.5% 2020 Notes have a maturity of November 15, 2020, and bear interest at a rate of 9.50% per annum, payable semi-annually on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing February 15, 2017, to holders of record at the close of business on February 1 and August 1, as the case may be, immediately preceding such interest payment dates. The 9.5% 2020 Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time prior to November 15, 2018 at 100.0% of their principal amount plus an applicable “Make-Whole Amount.” At any time and from time to time on or after November 15, 2018, K. Hovnanian may also redeem some or all of the 9.5% 2020 Notes at a redemption price equal to 100.0% of their principal amount. In addition, we may also redeem up to 35.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the 9.5% 2020 Notes prior to November 15, 2018 with the net cash proceeds from certain equity offerings at 109.50% of principal.

 

The 5.0% 2021 Notes and the 2.0% 2021 Notes were issued as separate series under an indenture, but have substantially the same terms other than with respect to interest rate and related redemption provisions, and vote together as a single class. The 2021 Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time, at 100.0% of the principal amount plus the greater of 1.0% of the principal amount and an applicable “Make-Whole Amount.”

 

All of K. Hovnanian’s obligations under the Term Loan Facility are guaranteed by the Notes Guarantors. The Term Loan Facility and the guarantees thereof are secured, subject to permitted liens and other exceptions, on a first lien priority basis relative to the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes (and on a first lien super priority basis relative to future first lien indebtedness). The 9.5% 2020 Notes are guaranteed by the Notes Guarantors and the members of the JV Holdings Secured Group. The 9.5% 2020 Notes are secured on a pari passu first lien basis with K. Hovnanian’s 2021 Notes, by substantially all of the assets of the members of the JV Holdings Secured Group, subject to permitted liens and certain exceptions.

 

At July 31, 2017, the aggregate book value of the real property that constituted collateral securing the Term Loans was $544.3 million, which does not include the impact of inventory investments, home deliveries or impairments thereafter and which may differ from the value if it were appraised. Cash and cash equivalents collateral that secured the Term Loans was $202.5 million as of July 31, 2017, which included $1.7 million of restricted cash collateralizing certain letters of credit. Subsequent to such date, fluctuations as a result of cash uses include general business operations and real estate and other investments along with cash inflow primarily from deliveries. In addition, collateral securing the Term Loans includes equity interests in K. Hovnanian and the subsidiary Notes Guarantors.

 

The guarantees of the JV Holdings Secured Group with respect to the 2021 Notes and the 9.5% 2020 Notes are secured, subject to permitted liens and other exceptions, by a first-priority lien on substantially all of the assets of the members of the JV Holdings Secured Group. As of July 31, 2017, the collateral securing the guarantees included (1) $77.7 million of cash and cash equivalents (subsequent to such date, fluctuations as a result of cash uses include general business operations and real estate and other investments along with cash inflow primarily from deliveries); (2) $150.9 million aggregate book value of real property of the JV Holdings Secured Group, which does not include the impact of inventory investments, home deliveries or impairments thereafter and which may differ from the value if it were appraised; and (3) equity interests in guarantors that are members of the JV Holdings Secured Group. Members of the JV Holdings Secured Group also own equity in joint ventures, either directly or indirectly through ownership of joint venture holding companies, with a book value of $84.5 million as of July 31, 2017; this equity is not pledged to secure, and is not collateral for, the 2021 Notes. Members of the JV Holdings Secured Group are “unrestricted subsidiaries” under K. Hovnanian's other senior secured notes and senior notes and the Term Loan Facility, and thus have not guaranteed such indebtedness. 

 

Senior Notes

 

K. Hovnanian’s 7.0% Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time at 101.75% of principal commencing January 15, 2017 and 100.0% of principal commencing January 15, 2018.

 

K. Hovnanian’s 8.0% Notes are redeemable in whole or in part at K. Hovnanian’s option at any time prior to August 1, 2019 at a redemption price equal to 100.0% of their principal amount plus an applicable “Make-Whole Amount.” At any time and from time to time on or after August 1, 2019, K. Hovnanian may also redeem some or all of the notes at a redemption price equal to 100.0% of their principal amount.

 

18

 

 

Units

 

On October 2, 2012, the Company and K. Hovnanian issued $100,000,000 aggregate stated amount of 6.0% Exchangeable Note Units (the “Units”) (equivalent to 100,000 Units). Each $1,000 stated amount of Units initially consists of (1) a zero coupon senior exchangeable note due December 1, 2017 (a “Senior Exchangeable Note”) issued by K. Hovnanian, which bears no cash interest and has an initial principal amount of $768.51 per Senior Exchangeable Note, and that will accrete to $1,000 at maturity and (2) a senior amortizing note due December 1, 2017 (a “Senior Amortizing Note”) issued by K. Hovnanian, which has an initial principal amount of $231.49 per Senior Amortizing Note, bears interest at a rate of 11.0% per annum, and has a final installment payment date of December 1, 2017. Each Unit may be separated into its constituent Senior Exchangeable Note and Senior Amortizing Note after the initial issuance date of the Units, and the separate components may be combined to create a Unit.

 

Each Senior Exchangeable Note had an initial principal amount of $768.51 (which will accrete to $1,000 over the term of the Senior Exchangeable Note at an annual rate of 5.17% from the date of issuance, calculated on a semi-annual bond equivalent yield basis). Holders may exchange their Senior Exchangeable Notes at their option at any time prior to 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the business day immediately preceding December 1, 2017. Each Senior Exchangeable Note will be exchangeable for shares of Class A Common Stock at an initial exchange rate of 185.5288 shares of Class A Common Stock per Senior Exchangeable Note (equivalent to an initial exchange price, based on $1,000 principal amount at maturity, of approximately $5.39 per share of Class A Common Stock). The exchange rate will be subject to adjustment in certain events. If certain corporate events occur prior to the maturity date, the Company will increase the applicable exchange rate for any holder who elects to exchange its Senior Exchangeable Notes in connection with such corporate event. In addition, holders of Senior Exchangeable Notes will also have the right to require K. Hovnanian to repurchase such holders’ Senior Exchangeable Notes upon the occurrence of certain of these corporate events. As of July 31, 2017, 18,305 Senior Exchangeable Notes have been converted into 3.4 million shares of our Class A Common Stock, all of which were converted during the first quarter of fiscal 2013. In September 2016, K. Hovnanian purchased a total of 20,823 Units for an aggregate purchase price of $20.6 million, in November 2016, K. Hovnanian purchased a total of 6,925 Units for an aggregate purchase price of $6.9 million and during the nine months ended July 31, 2017, K. Hovnanian purchased certain Units as discussed above under “—Fiscal 2017”.

  

On each June 1 and December 1 (each, an “installment payment date”), K. Hovnanian will pay holders of Senior Amortizing Notes equal semi-annual cash installments of $30.00 per Senior Amortizing Note (except for the June 1, 2013 installment payment, which was $39.83 per Senior Amortizing Note), which cash payment in the aggregate will be equivalent to 6.0% per year with respect to each $1,000 stated amount of Units. Each installment will constitute a payment of interest (at a rate of 11.0% per annum) and a partial repayment of principal on the Senior Amortizing Note. Following certain corporate events that occur prior to the maturity date, holders of the Senior Amortizing Notes will have the right to require K. Hovnanian to repurchase such holders’ Senior Amortizing Notes.

 

 

12.

Per Share Calculation

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) (the “numerator”) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding, adjusted for nonvested shares of restricted stock (the “denominator”) for the period. Computing diluted earnings per share is similar to computing basic earnings per share, except that the denominator is increased to include the dilutive effects of options and nonvested shares of restricted stock, as well as common shares issuable upon exchange of our Senior Exchangeable Notes issued as part of our Units. Any options that have an exercise price greater than the average market price are considered to be anti-dilutive and are excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation.   

 

All outstanding nonvested shares that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents that participate in undistributed earnings with common stock are considered participating securities and are included in computing earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for each class of common stock and participating securities according to dividends or dividend equivalents and participation rights in undistributed earnings in periods when we have net income. The Company’s restricted common stock (“nonvested shares”) are considered participating securities.

 

There were no incremental shares attributed to nonvested stock and outstanding options to purchase common stock for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016. Also, for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, 10.0 million and 10.1 million shares, respectively, of common stock issuable upon the exchange of our senior exchangeable notes (which were issued in fiscal 2012) were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because we had a net loss for the period. For both the three and nine months ended July 31, 2016, 15.2 million shares of common stock issuable upon the exchange of our senior exchangeable notes were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share because we had a net loss for the period.

 

In addition, shares related to out-of-the money stock options that could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share were 4.5 million and 4.6 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, respectively, and 6.8 million and 7.3 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2016, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented.

 

19

 

 

 

13.

Preferred Stock

 

On July 12, 2005, we issued 5,600 shares of 7.625% Series A Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $25,000 per share. Dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock are not cumulative and are payable at an annual rate of 7.625%. The Series A Preferred Stock is not convertible into the Company’s common stock and is redeemable in whole or in part at our option at the liquidation preference of the shares. The Series A Preferred Stock is traded as depositary shares, with each depositary share representing 1/1000th of a share of Series A Preferred Stock. The depositary shares are listed on the NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol “HOVNP.” During the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, we did not pay any dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock due to covenant restrictions in our debt instruments. We anticipate that we will continue to be restricted from paying dividends, which are not cumulative, for the foreseeable future.

 

 

 

14.

Common Stock

 

Each share of Class A Common Stock entitles its holder to one vote per share, and each share of Class B Common Stock generally entitles its holder to ten votes per share. The amount of any regular cash dividend payable on a share of Class A Common Stock will be an amount equal to 110.0% of the corresponding regular cash dividend payable on a share of Class B Common Stock. If a shareholder desires to sell shares of Class B Common Stock (other than to Permitted Transferees (as defined in the Company’s amended Certificate of Incorporation)), such stock must be converted into shares of Class A Common Stock at a one to one conversion rate.

  

On August 4, 2008, our Board of Directors adopted a shareholder rights plan (the “Rights Plan”) designed to preserve shareholder value and the value of certain tax assets primarily associated with net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards and built-in losses under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. Our ability to use NOLs and built-in losses would be limited if there was an “ownership change” under Section 382. This would occur if shareholders owning (or deemed under Section 382 to own) 5% or more of our stock increase their collective ownership of the aggregate amount of our outstanding shares by more than 50 percentage points over a defined period of time. The Rights Plan was adopted to reduce the likelihood of an “ownership change” occurring as defined by Section 382. Under the Rights Plan, one right was distributed for each share of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock outstanding as of the close of business on August 15, 2008. Effective August 15, 2008, if any person or group acquires 4.9% or more of the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock without the approval of the Board of Directors, there would be a triggering event causing significant dilution in the voting power of such person or group. However, existing stockholders who owned, at the time of the Rights Plan’s adoption, 4.9% or more of the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock will trigger a dilutive event only if they acquire additional shares. The approval of the Board of Directors’ decision to adopt the Rights Plan may be terminated by the Board of Directors at any time, prior to the Rights being triggered. The Rights Plan will continue in effect until August 15, 2018, unless it expires earlier in accordance with its terms. The approval of the Board of Directors’ decision to adopt the Rights Plan was submitted to a stockholder vote and approved at a special meeting of stockholders held on December 5, 2008. Also at the Special Meeting on December 5, 2008, our stockholders approved an amendment to our Certificate of Incorporation to restrict certain transfers of Class A Common Stock in order to preserve the tax treatment of our NOLs and built-in losses under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code. Subject to certain exceptions pertaining to pre-existing 5% stockholders and Class B stockholders, the transfer restrictions in the amended Certificate of Incorporation generally restrict any direct or indirect transfer (such as transfers of our stock that result from the transfer of interests in other entities that own our stock) if the effect would be to (i) increase the direct or indirect ownership of our stock by any person (or public group) from less than 5% to 5% or more of our common stock; (ii) increase the percentage of our common stock owned directly or indirectly by a person (or public group) owning or deemed to own 5% or more of our common stock; or (iii) create a new public group. Transfers included under the transfer restrictions include sales to persons (or public groups) whose resulting percentage ownership (direct or indirect) of common stock would exceed the 5% thresholds discussed above, or to persons whose direct or indirect ownership of common stock would by attribution cause another person (or public group) to exceed such threshold.

 

On July 3, 2001, our Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program to purchase up to 4 million shares of Class A Common Stock. There were no shares purchased during the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017. As of July 31, 2017, the maximum number of shares of Class A Common Stock that may yet be purchased under this program is 0.5 million.

 

20

 

 

 

15.

Income Taxes

 

The total income tax expense of $287.0 million and $286.5 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, respectively, was primarily due to increasing our valuation allowance to fully reserve against our deferred tax assets (“DTAs”). In addition, the same periods were also impacted by state tax expense from income generated in some states, which was not offset by tax benefits in other states that had losses for which we fully reserve the net operating losses.

 

The total income tax expense of $1.6 million for the three months ended July 31, 2016 was primarily due to deferred taxes. The same period was also impacted by state tax expenses and state tax reserves for uncertain tax positions. The income tax benefit of $4.6 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2016 was primarily due to incremental losses with no associated valuation allowance and a federal tax benefit related to receiving a specified liability loss refund of taxes paid in fiscal year 2002, partially offset by a permanent difference related to stock compensation, state tax expenses, and state tax reserves for uncertain tax positions.

 

The permanent difference related to stock compensation arose because for tax purposes, the amount of stock compensation the Company expenses is the amount reported on an associate’s W-2 when the equity award is exercised or received, whereas for accounting purposes, the amount the Company expenses is based on the fair value of the equity award on the date of grant. Therefore, the permanent difference for the first nine months of fiscal 2016 due to stock compensation was because of this different treatment, which does not arise until the time the equity award is exercised or received by the associate and therefore reported on an associate’s W-2. The amount was significant because of the issuance in fiscal 2016 of stock to Company executives in respect of awards that had been granted over ten years ago at significantly higher stock prices and thus significantly higher fair values as compared to the time of issuance to the executive. As a result, at the time the stock awards were issued in fiscal 2016, a significant permanent difference between book and tax was created impacting the effective tax rate for 2016.

 

The federal specified liability loss refund of taxes in fiscal year 2002 was due to an amendment of a prior year’s tax return. The Internal Revenue Service issued the refund following the Company’s application therefor during the year ended October 31, 2016. The refund related to the portion of the fiscal year 2012 NOL attributable to a specified liability loss which, pursuant to Internal Revenue Code Section 172(b)(1)(C), can be carried back ten years to October 31, 2002. A specified liability is any amount allowable as a deduction attributable to a product liability or expense incurred in investigation or settlement of claims because of a product liability. The refund was received in February 2016 and therefore the tax credit was recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2016.

 

Our state NOLs of $2.2 billion expire between 2017 and 2036. Of the total amount, $301.7 million will expire between 2017 through 2021; $253.9 million will expire between 2022 through 2026; $1,327.3 million will expire between 2027 through 2031; and $348.0 million will expire between 2032 through 2036.

 

Deferred federal and state income tax assets primarily represent the deferred tax benefits arising from temporary differences between book and tax income which will be recognized in future years as an offset against future taxable income. If the combination of future years’ income (or loss) and the reversal of the timing differences results in a loss, such losses can be carried forward to future years. In accordance with ASC 740, we evaluate our deferred tax assets quarterly to determine if valuation allowances are required. ASC 740 requires that companies assess whether valuation allowances should be established based on the consideration of all available evidence using a “more likely than not” standard.  

 

As of July 31, 2017, we considered all available positive and negative evidence to determine whether, based on the weight of that evidence, an additional valuation allowance for our DTAs was necessary in accordance with ASC 740. Listed below, in order of the weighting of each factor, is the available positive and negative evidence that we considered in determining that it is more likely than not that all of our DTAs will not be realized. In analyzing these factors, overall the negative evidence, both objective and subjective, outweighed the positive evidence. Based on this analysis, we increased the valuation allowance against our DTAs such that we have a full valuation allowance and determined that the current valuation allowance for deferred taxes of $922 million as of July 31, 2017 is appropriate.

 

 

1.

Recent financial results, especially the $50.2 million pre-tax loss in the third quarter of 2017 primarily from the $42.3 million loss on extinguishment of debt during the quarter, that put us in a cumulative three-year loss position as of July 31, 2017. Per ASC 740, cumulative losses are one of the most objectively verifiable forms of negative evidence. (Negative Objective Evidence)

 

2.

In the third quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed a debt refinancing/restructuring transaction which, by extending our debt maturities, will enable us to allocate cash to invest in new communities and grow our community count to get back to sustained profitability. (Positive Objective Evidence)

 

3.

The refinancing discussed above will increase our interest incurred in fiscal 2018 and future years (based on our longer term modeling) by $23.4 million per year. (Negative Objective Evidence)

 

4.

We incurred pre-tax losses during the housing market decline and the slower than expected housing market recovery. (Negative Objective Evidence)

 

5.

We exited two geographic markets and are winding down operations in two other markets that have historically had losses. By exiting these underperforming markets, the Company will be able to redeploy capital to better performing markets, which over time should improve our profitability. (Positive Subjective Evidence)

 

6.

Evidence of a sustained recovery in the housing markets in which we operate, supported by economic data showing housing starts, homebuilding volume and prices all increasing and forecasted to continue to increase. (Positive Subjective Evidence)

 

7.

The historical cyclicality of the U.S. housing market, a more restrictive mortgage lending environment compared to before the housing downturn, the uncertainty of the overall US economy and government policies and consumer confidence, all or any of which could continue to hamper a faster, stronger recovery of the housing market. (Negative Subjective Evidence)

 

 

16.

Operating and Reporting Segments

 

 

Our operating segments are components of our business for which discrete financial information is available and reviewed regularly by the chief operating decision maker, our Chief Executive Officer, to evaluate performance and make operating decisions. Based on this criteria, each of our communities qualifies as an operating segment, and therefore, it is impractical to provide segment disclosures for this many segments. As such, we have aggregated the homebuilding operating segments into six reportable segments.

  

21

 

 

Our homebuilding operating segments are aggregated into reportable segments based primarily upon geographic proximity, similar regulatory environments, land acquisition characteristics and similar methods used to construct and sell homes. Our reportable segments consist of the following six homebuilding segments and a financial services segment noted below. During fiscal 2016, we decided to exit the Minneapolis, MN and Raleigh, NC markets and in the third quarter of fiscal 2016, we completed the sale of our portfolios in those markets.

 

Homebuilding:

 

(1)

Northeast (New Jersey and Pennsylvania)

  (2) Mid-Atlantic (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Washington D.C. and West Virginia)
  (3) Midwest (Illinois and Ohio)
  (4) Southeast (Florida, Georgia and South Carolina)
  (5) Southwest (Arizona and Texas)
  (6) West (California)

 

Financial Services

 

Operations of the Company’s Homebuilding segments primarily include the sale and construction of single-family attached and detached homes, attached townhomes and condominiums, urban infill and active lifestyle homes in planned residential developments. In addition, from time to time, operations of the homebuilding segments include sales of land. Operations of the Company’s Financial Services segment include mortgage banking and title services provided to the homebuilding operations’ customers. We do not typically retain or service mortgages that we originate but rather sell the mortgages and related servicing rights to investors. 

 

Corporate and unallocated primarily represents operations at our headquarters in Red Bank, New Jersey. This includes our executive offices, information services, human resources, corporate accounting, training, treasury, process redesign, internal audit, construction services, and administration of insurance, quality and safety. It also includes interest income and interest expense resulting from interest incurred that cannot be capitalized in inventory in the Homebuilding segments, as well as the gains or losses on extinguishment of debt from any debt repurchases or exchanges.  

 

Evaluation of segment performance is based primarily on operating earnings from continuing operations before provision for income taxes (“Income (loss) before income taxes”). Income (loss) before income taxes for the Homebuilding segments consist of revenues generated from the sales of homes and land, income (loss) from unconsolidated entities, management fees and other income, less the cost of homes and land sold, selling, general and administrative expenses and interest expense. Income before income taxes for the Financial Services segment consist of revenues generated from mortgage financing, title insurance and closing services, less the cost of such services and selling, general and administrative expenses incurred by the Financial Services segment. 

 

Operational results of each segment are not necessarily indicative of the results that would have occurred had the segment been an independent stand-alone entity during the periods presented. 

 

22

 

 

Financial information relating to the Company’s segment operations was as follows:

  

   

Three Months Ended July 31,

   

Nine Months Ended July 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2017

   

2016

   

2017

   

2016

 
                                 

Revenues:

                               

Northeast

  $ 39,956     $ 69,989     $ 144,481     $ 196,539  

Mid-Atlantic

    113,298       111,739       314,124       295,546  

Midwest

    41,052       72,581       126,773       249,132  

Southeast

    68,435       96,323       181,654       186,873  

Southwest

    209,295       248,546       617,959       729,606  

West

    104,523       101,158       301,897       237,831  

Total homebuilding

    576,559       700,336       1,686,888       1,895,527  

Financial services

    14,993       16,485       42,336       51,714  

Corporate and unallocated

    483       29       755       (63

)

Total revenues

  $ 592,035     $ 716,850     $ 1,729,979     $ 1,947,178  
                                 

(Loss) income before income taxes:

                               

Northeast

  $ (5,737 )   $ (995

)

  $ (7,553 )   $ (4,945

)

Mid-Atlantic

    3,714       3,467       8,514       7,161  

Midwest

    (3,313 )     (2,452

)

    (5,771 )     (8,034

)

Southeast

    (1,580 )     (5,621

)

    (1,446 )     (14,710

)

Southwest

    19,010       20,532       50,718       55,392  

West

    5,873       3,297       7,436       (6,989

)

Homebuilding income before income taxes

    17,967       18,228       51,898       27,875  

Financial services

    6,126       7,569       19,254       24,965  

Corporate and unallocated (1)

    (74,266 )     (24,704

)

    (128,701 )     (82,545

)

(Loss) income before income taxes

  $ (50,173 )   $ 1,093     $ (57,549 )   $ (29,705

)

 

(1) Corporate and unallocated for the three months ended July 31, 2017 included corporate general and administrative costs of $15.7 million, interest expense of $17.2 million (a component of Other interest on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations), loss on extinguishment of debt of $42.3 million and $0.9 million of other income and expenses primarily related to interest income, rental income and stock compensation. Corporate and unallocated for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 included corporate general and administrative costs of $47.4 million, interest expense of $46.5 million (a component of Other interest on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations), loss on extinguishment of debt of $34.9 million and $0.1 million of other income and expenses primarily related to interest income, rental income, bond amortization and stock compensation.

 

(In thousands)

 

July 31, 2017

   

October 31, 2016

 
                 

Assets:

               

Northeast

  $ 183,486     $ 219,363  

Mid-Atlantic

    280,711       292,899  

Midwest

    104,962       111,596  

Southeast

    246,251       226,124  

Southwest

    335,601       341,472  

West

    197,816       269,400  

Total homebuilding

    1,348,827       1,460,854  

Financial services

    109,722       197,230  

Corporate and unallocated(1)

    363,770       696,872  

Total assets

  $ 1,822,319     $ 2,354,956  

  

(1) Includes $283.6 million of income taxes receivable, including deferred tax assets, as of October 31, 2016.

 

23

 

 

 

17.

Investments in Unconsolidated Homebuilding and Land Development Joint Ventures

 

We enter into homebuilding and land development joint ventures from time to time as a means of accessing lot positions, expanding our market opportunities, establishing strategic alliances, managing our risk profile, leveraging our capital base and enhancing returns on capital. Our homebuilding joint ventures are generally entered into with third-party investors to develop land and construct homes that are sold directly to third-party home buyers. Our land development joint ventures include those entered into with developers and other homebuilders as well as financial investors to develop finished lots for sale to the joint venture’s members or other third parties.

  

In November 2015, the Company entered into a new joint venture to which the Company contributed a land parcel that had been mothballed by the Company, but on which construction by the joint venture has now begun. Upon formation of the joint venture, the Company received $25.7 million of cash proceeds for the transferred land. In addition, during the third quarter of fiscal 2016, we entered into a new joint venture by transferring eight communities we owned and our option to buy one community to the joint venture. As a result of the formation of the joint venture, the Company received $29.8 million of cash in return for the land and option transfers. During the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we expanded this joint venture by transferring one community we owned and our option to buy three communities to the joint venture, resulting in our receiving $11.2 million of net cash.

 

The tables set forth below summarize the combined financial information related to our unconsolidated homebuilding and land development joint ventures that are accounted for under the equity method.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

July 31, 2017

 
   

Homebuilding

   

Land

Development

   

Total

 

Assets:

                       

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 38,501     $ 223     $ 38,724  

Inventories

    661,510       8,582       670,092  

Other assets

    29,817       -       29,817  

Total assets

  $ 729,828     $ 8,805     $ 738,633  
                         

Liabilities and equity:

                       

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 108,799     $ 469     $ 109,268  

Notes payable

    313,436       489       313,925  

Total liabilities

    422,235       958       423,193  

Equity of:

                       

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc.

    84,538       3,196       87,734  

Others

    223,055       4,651       227,706  

Total equity

    307,593       7,847       315,440  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 729,828     $ 8,805     $ 738,633  

Debt to capitalization ratio

    50

%

    6

%

    50

%

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

October 31, 2016

 
   

Homebuilding

   

Land

Development

   

Total

 

Assets:

                       

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 48,542     $ 1,478     $ 50,020  

Inventories

    516,947       11,010       527,957  

Other assets

    25,865       -       25,865  

Total assets

  $ 591,354     $ 12,488     $ 603,842  
                         

Liabilities and equity:

                       

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

  $ 72,302     $ 1,812     $ 74,114  

Notes payable

    214,911       2,261       217,172  

Total liabilities

    287,213       4,073       291,286  

Equity of:

                       

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc.

    88,379       3,220       91,599  

Others

    215,762       5,195       220,957  

Total equity

    304,141       8,415       312,556  

Total liabilities and equity

  $ 591,354     $ 12,488     $ 603,842  

Debt to capitalization ratio

    41

%

    21

%

    41

%

 

24

 

 

 

As of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, we had advances and a note receivable outstanding of $20.8 million and $8.9 million, respectively, to these unconsolidated joint ventures. These amounts were included in the “Accounts payable and accrued liabilities” balances in the tables above. On our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, our “Investments in and advances to unconsolidated joint ventures” amounted to $108.6 million and $100.5 million at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively.

      

   

For the Three Months Ended July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

 

Homebuilding

   

Land Development

   

Total

 
                         

Revenues

  $ 62,610     $ 1,789     $ 64,399  

Cost of sales and expenses

    (70,411 )     (1,873 )     (72,284 )

Joint venture net loss

  $ (7,801 )   $ (84 )   $ (7,885 )

Our share of net loss

  $ (3,966 )   $ (42 )   $ (4,008 )

 

   

For the Three Months Ended July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

 

Homebuilding

   

Land Development

   

Total

 
                         

Revenues

  $ 31,145     $ 1,219     $ 32,364  

Cost of sales and expenses

    (37,245

)

    (1,143

)

    (38,388

)

Joint venture net (loss) income

  $ (6,100

)

  $ 76     $ (6,024

)

Our share of net (loss) income

  $ (2,418

)

  $ 38     $ (2,380

)

 

   

For the Nine Months Ended July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

 

Homebuilding

   

Land Development

   

Total

 
                         

Revenues

  $ 214,103     $ 4,649     $ 218,752  

Cost of sales and expenses

    (225,594 )     (4,696 )     (230,290 )

Joint venture net loss

  $ (11,491 )   $ (47 )   $ (11,538 )

Our share of net loss

  $ (10,230 )   $ (24 )   $ (10,254 )

 

   

For the Nine Months Ended July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

 

Homebuilding

   

Land Development

   

Total

 
                         

Revenues

  $ 77,171     $ 2,836     $ 80,007  

Cost of sales and expenses

    (92,904

)

    (2,462

)

    (95,366

)

Joint venture net (loss) income

  $ (15,733

)

  $ 374     $ (15,359

)

Our share of net (loss) income

  $ (5,267

)

  $ 187     $ (5,080

)

 

“Loss from unconsolidated joint ventures” is reflected as a separate line in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and reflects our proportionate share of the income or loss of these unconsolidated homebuilding and land development joint ventures. The difference between our share of the income or loss from these unconsolidated joint ventures in the tables above compared to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is due primarily to the reclassification of the intercompany portion of management fee income from certain joint ventures and the deferral of income for lots purchased by us from certain joint ventures. To compensate us for the administrative services we provide as the manager of certain joint ventures we receive a management fee based on a percentage of the applicable joint venture’s revenues. These management fees, which totaled $2.5 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $7.6 million and $3.1 million for the nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, are recorded in “Homebuilding: Selling, general and administrative” on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

  

In determining whether or not we must consolidate joint ventures that we manage, we assess whether the other partners have specific rights to overcome the presumption of control by us as the manager of the joint venture. In most cases, the presumption is overcome because the joint venture agreements require that both partners agree on establishing the operations and capital decisions of the partnership, including budgets in the ordinary course of business.

 

25

 

 

Typically, our unconsolidated joint ventures obtain separate project specific mortgage financing. The amount of financing is generally targeted to be no more than 50% of the joint venture’s total assets. For some of our joint ventures, obtaining financing was challenging, therefore, some of our joint ventures are capitalized only with equity. The total debt to capitalization ratio of all our joint ventures is currently 50%. Any joint venture financing is on a nonrecourse basis, with guarantees from us limited only to performance and completion of development, environmental warranties and indemnification, standard indemnification for fraud, misrepresentation and other similar actions, including a voluntary bankruptcy filing. In some instances, the joint venture entity is considered a VIE under ASC 810-10 “Consolidation - Overall” due to the returns being capped to the equity holders; however, in these instances, we have determined that we are not the primary beneficiary, and therefore we do not consolidate these entities.

 

 

18.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606), (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 requires entities to recognize revenue that represents the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount equivalent to the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The following steps should be applied to determine this amount: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. ASU 2014-09 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in ASU 605, “Revenue Recognition,” and most industry-specific guidance in the Accounting Standards Codification. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 on this same topic, which defers for one year the effective date of ASU 2014-09, therefore making the guidance effective for the Company beginning November 1, 2018. Additionally, the FASB also decided to permit entities to early adopt the standard, which allows for either full retrospective or modified retrospective methods of adoption, for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and have been involved in industry-specific discussions with the FASB on the treatment of certain items. However, due to the nature of our operations, we expect to identify similar performance obligations under ASU 2014-09 compared with the deliverables and separate units of account we have identified under existing accounting standards. As a result, we expect the timing of our recognition of revenues to remain generally the same. Nonetheless, we are still evaluating the impact of specific parts of this ASU, and expect our revenue-related disclosures to change upon its adoption.

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, “Disclosure of Uncertainties About an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern” (“ASU 2014-15”), which requires management to perform interim and annual assessments on whether there are conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued and to provide related disclosures, if required. ASU 2014-15 is effective for the Company as of our fiscal year ending October 31, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We do not anticipate the adoption of ASU 2014-15 to have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. 

  

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2016-02”), which provides guidance for accounting for leases. ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to classify leases as either finance or operating leases and to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term greater than 12 months regardless of the lease classification. The lease classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest rate method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease. Accounting for lessors remains largely unchanged from current GAAP. ASU 2016-02 is effective for the Company beginning November 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments” (“ASU 2016-15”). ASU 2016-15 provides guidance on how certain cash receipts and cash payments are to be presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning November 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory” (“ASU 2016-16”). ASU 2016-16 provides improvement for the accounting of income taxes related to intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. ASU 2016-16 is effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning November 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-17, “Consolidation (Topic 810): Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control” (“ASU 2016-17”). ASU 2016-17 amends the consolidation guidance on how a reporting entity that is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity (VIE) should treat indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity when determining whether it is a primary beneficiary of that VIE. ASU 2016-17 is effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning November 1, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash” (“ASU 2016-18”). ASU 2016-18 amends the classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-18 is effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning November 1, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

26

 

 

 

19.

 Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” provides a framework for measuring fair value, expands disclosures about fair-value measurements and establishes a fair-value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value summarized as follows:

 

Level 1:                      Fair value determined based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets.

 

Level 2:                      Fair value determined using significant other observable inputs.

 

Level 3:                      Fair value determined using significant unobservable inputs.

 

Our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below:

 

 

(In thousands)

Fair Value

Hierarchy

 

Fair Value at

July 31, 2017

   

Fair Value at

October 31, 2016

 
                   

Mortgage loans held for sale (1)

Level 2

  $ 77,505     $ 165,077  

Interest rate lock commitments

Level 2

    65       (80

)

Forward contracts

Level 2

    (99 )     86  

Total

  $ 77,471     $ 165,083  

 

(1)  The aggregate unpaid principal balance was $72.9 million and $149.4 million at July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively.

 

We elected the fair value option for our loans held for sale for mortgage loans originated subsequent to October 31, 2008, in accordance with ASC 825, “Financial Instruments,” which permits us to measure financial instruments at fair value on a contract-by-contract basis. Management believes that the election of the fair value option for loans held for sale improves financial reporting by mitigating volatility in reported earnings caused by measuring the fair value of the loans and the derivative instruments used to economically hedge them without having to apply complex hedge accounting provisions. Fair value of loans held for sale is based on independent quoted market prices, where available, or the prices for other mortgage loans with similar characteristics.

 

The Financial Services segment had a pipeline of loan applications in process of $539.2 million at July 31, 2017. Loans in process for which interest rates were committed to the borrowers totaled $57.9 million as of July 31, 2017. Substantially all of these commitments were for periods of 60 days or less. Since a portion of these commitments is expected to expire without being exercised by the borrowers, the total commitments do not necessarily represent future cash requirements.

  

The Financial Services segment uses investor commitments and forward sales of mandatory MBS to hedge its mortgage-related interest rate exposure. These instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit and interest rate risk. Credit risk is managed by entering into MBS forward commitments, option contracts with investment banks, federally regulated bank affiliates and loan sales transactions with permanent investors meeting the segment’s credit standards. The segment’s risk, in the event of default by the purchaser, is the difference between the contract price and fair value of the MBS forward commitments and option contracts. At July 31, 2017, the segment had open commitments amounting to $29.5 million to sell MBS with varying settlement dates through September 21, 2017.

 

The assets accounted for using the fair value option are initially measured at fair value. Gains and losses from initial measurement and subsequent changes in fair value are recognized in the Financial Services segment’s income. The changes in fair values that are included in income are shown, by financial instrument and financial statement line item, below: 

  

   

Three Months Ended July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

 

Mortgage

Loans Held

For Sale

   

Interest Rate

Lock

Commitments

   

Forward

Contracts

 
                         

Changes in fair value included in net loss all reflected in financial services revenues

  $ (532 )   $ (34 )   $ 206  

 

27

 

 

   

Three Months Ended July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

 

Mortgage

Loans Held

For Sale

   

Interest Rate

Lock

Commitments

   

Forward

Contracts

 
                         

Changes in fair value included in net loss all reflected in financial services revenues

  $ (175

)

  $ 560     $ (268

)

 

   

Nine Months Ended July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

 

Mortgage

Loans Held

For Sale

   

Interest Rate

Lock

Commitments

   

Forward

Contracts

 
                         

Changes in fair value included in net loss all reflected in financial services revenues

  $ (2,911 )   $ 145     $ (186 )

 

   

Nine Months Ended July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

 

Mortgage

Loans Held

For Sale

   

Interest Rate

Lock

Commitments

   

Forward

Contracts

 
                         

Changes in fair value included in net loss all reflected in financial services revenues

  $ 3,654     $ 590     $ (818

)

 

The Company’s assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis are those assets for which the Company has recorded valuation adjustments and write-offs during the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017 and 2016. The assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis are all within the Company’s Homebuilding operations and are summarized below:

 

Nonfinancial Assets

 

     

Three Months Ended

 
     

July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

Fair

Value

Hierarchy

 

Pre-Impairment

Amount

   

Total

Losses

   

Fair Value

 
                           

Sold and unsold homes and lots under development

Level 3

  $ -     $ -     $ -  

Land and land options held for future development or sale

Level 3

  $ 15,852     $ (3,215 )   $ 12,637  

 

     

Three Months Ended

 
     

July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

Fair

Value

Hierarchy

 

Pre-Impairment

Amount

   

Total

Losses

   

Fair Value

 
                           

Sold and unsold homes and lots under development

Level 3

  $ -     $ -     $ -  

Land and land options held for future development or sale

Level 3

  $ 5,407     $ (1,282

)

  $ 4,125  

 

 

28

 

 

     

Nine Months Ended

 
     

July 31, 2017

 

(In thousands)

Fair

Value

Hierarchy

 

Pre-Impairment

Amount

   

Total

Losses

   

Fair Value

 
                           

Sold and unsold homes and lots under development

Level 3

  $ 14,776     $ (4,136 )   $ 10,640  

Land and land options held for future development or sale

Level 3

  $ 22,178     $ (3,296 )   $ 18,882  

 

     

Nine Months Ended

 
     

July 31, 2016

 

(In thousands)

Fair

Value

Hierarchy

 

Pre-Impairment

Amount

   

Total

Losses

   

Fair Value

 
                           

Sold and unsold homes and lots under development

Level 3

  $ 44,238     $ (14,399

)

  $ 29,839  

Land and land options held for future development or sale

Level 3

  $ 6,576     $ (1,976 )   $ 4,600  

  

We record impairment losses on inventories related to communities under development and held for future development when events and circumstances indicate that they may be impaired and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than their related carrying amounts. If the expected undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying amount, then the community is written down to its fair value. We estimate the fair value of each impaired community by determining the present value of its estimated future cash flows at a discount rate commensurate with the risk of the respective community. Should the estimates or expectations used in determining cash flows or fair value decrease or differ from current estimates in the future, we may be required to recognize additional impairments. We recorded inventory impairments, which are included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as “Inventory impairment loss and land option write-offs” and deducted from inventory, of $3.2 million and $7.4 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2017, respectively, and $1.3 million and $16.4 million for the three and nine months ended July 31, 2016, respectively. See Note 4 for further detail of the communities evaluated for impairment.

 

The fair value of our cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents approximates their carrying amount, based on Level 1 inputs.

 

The fair value of our borrowings under the revolving credit and term loan facilities approximates their carrying amount based on level 2 inputs. The fair value of each series of the senior unsecured notes (other than the senior exchangeable notes and the senior amortizing notes) is estimated based on recent trades or quoted market prices for the same issues or based on recent trades or quoted market prices for our debt of similar security and maturity to achieve comparable yields, which are Level 2 measurements. The fair value of the senior unsecured notes (all series in the aggregate), other than the senior exchangeable notes and senior amortizing notes, was estimated at $367.0 million and $251.7 million as of July 31, 2017 and October 31, 2016, respectively.

  

The fair value of each of the senior secured notes (all series in the aggregate), the senior amortizing notes and the senior exchangeable notes is estimated based on third party broker quotes, a Level 3 measurement. The fair value of the senior secured notes (all series in the aggregate), the senior amortizing notes and the senior exchangeable notes were estimated at $1.1 billion, $2.1 million and $54.1 million, respectively, as of July 31, 2017. As of October 31, 2016, the fair value of the senior secured notes (all series in the aggregate), the senior amortizing notes and the senior exchangeable notes were estimated at $883.0 million, $6.3 million and $55.2 million, respectively.

 

 

20.

Financial Information of Subsidiary Issuer and Subsidiary Guarantors

 

Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc., the parent company (the “Parent”), is the issuer of publicly traded common stock and preferred stock, which is represented by depository shares. One of its wholly owned subsidiaries, K. Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. (the “Subsidiary Issuer”), acts as a finance entity that, as of July 31, 2017, had issued and outstanding $1,110.0 million of senior secured notes ($1,091.2 million, net of discount and debt issuance costs), $368.5 million senior notes ($365.9 million net of debt issuance costs) and $2.1 million senior amortizing notes ($2.0 million net of debt issuance costs) and $53.3 million senior exchangeable notes (issued as components of our Units) ($53.2 million net of debt issuance costs). The senior secured notes, senior notes, senior amortizing notes and senior exchangeable notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by the Parent.

  

29

 

 

In addition to the Parent, each of the wholly owned subsidiaries of the Parent other than the Subsidiary Issuer (collectively, “Notes Guarantors”), with the exception of our home mortgage subsidiaries, certain of our title insurance subsidiaries, joint ventures and subsidiaries holding interests in our joint ventures (collectively, the “Nonguarantor Subsidiaries”), have guaranteed fully and unconditionally, on a joint and several basis, the obligations of the Subsidiary Issuer to pay principal and interest under the senior secured notes (other than the 2021 Notes and the 9.5% 2020 Notes), senior notes, senior exchangeable notes and senior amortizing notes. The Notes Guarantors are directly or indirectly 100% owned subsidiaries of the Parent. The 2021 Notes and the 9.5% 2020 Notes are guaranteed by the Notes Guarantors and the members of the JV Holdings Secured Group (see Note 11).

 

The senior amortizing notes and senior exchangeable notes have been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The 7.0% Notes, the 8.0% Notes and our senior secured notes (see Note 11) are not, pursuant to the indentures under which such notes were issued, required to be registered under the Securities Act. The Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements presented below are in respect of our registered notes only and not the 7.0% Notes, the 8.0% Notes or the senior secured notes (however, the Notes Guarantors for the 7.0% Notes, the 8.0% Notes, the 10.0% 2022 Notes and the 10.5% 2024 Notes are the same as those represented by the accompanying Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements). In lieu of providing separate financial statements for the Notes Guarantors of our registered notes, we have included the accompanying Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements. Therefore, separate financial statements and other disclosures concerning such Notes Guarantors are not presented.

 

The following Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements present the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of (i) the Parent, (ii) the Subsidiary Issuer, (iii) the Notes Guarantors, (iv) the Nonguarantor Subsidiaries and (v) the eliminations to arrive at the information for Hovnanian Enterprises, Inc. on a consolidated basis.

 

30

 

 

HOVNANIAN ENTERPRISES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET

JULY 31, 2017

(In Thousands)

 

   

Parent

   

Subsidiary

Issuer

   

Guarantor

Subsidiaries

   

Nonguarantor

Subsidiaries

   

Eliminations

   

Consolidated

 

ASSETS: