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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.ex-3222017630ads.htm
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EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.ex-3122017630ads.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.ex-3112017630ads.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
  
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)                    
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file no: 001-37904
 
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
90-0875845
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
90 Fort Wade Road
Ponte Vedra, Florida 32081
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (904) 737-7900
 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes ý     No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
ý  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The number of shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, of the registrant outstanding at July 25, 2017 was 88,357,328 shares.
 

1


SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the U.S. federal securities laws. All statements other than statements of historical facts in this document, including, without limitation, those regarding our business strategy, financial position, results of operations, plans, prospects and objectives of management for future operations (including development plans and objectives relating to our activities), are forward-looking statements. Many, but not all, of these statements can be found by looking for words like “expect,” “anticipate,” “goal,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “seek,” “will,” “may,” “forecast,” “estimate,” “intend” and “future” and similar words. Statements that address activities, events or developments that we intend, expect or believe may occur in the future are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended and are subject to safe harbor created by those sections. Forward-looking statements do not guarantee future performance and may involve risks, uncertainties and other factors which could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied in those forward-looking statements.

There are a number of risks, uncertainties and other important factors, many of which are beyond our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this report. Such risks, uncertainties and factors include those set forth in "Risk Factors" in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Examples of these risks, uncertainties and other factors include, but are not limited to:

our ability to achieve future profitability will depend on us executing our strategy and controlling costs; future results may be impacted by the expiration of net operating losses (NOLs);

we operate in a highly competitive industry and the inability to compete effectively with larger and better capitalized companies and governmental service providers;

our results are vulnerable to economic conditions;

we may lose contracts through competitive bidding, early termination or governmental action;

some of our customers, including governmental entities, have suffered financial difficulties affecting their credit risk, which could negatively impact our operating results;

our financial and operating performance may be affected by the inability in some instances to renew or expand existing landfill permits or acquire new landfills. Further, the cost of operation and/or future construction of our existing landfills may become economically unfeasible causing us to abandon or cease operations;

we could be precluded from maintaining permits or entering into certain contracts if we are unable to obtain sufficient third-party financial assurance or adequate insurance coverage;

our accruals for our landfill site closure, post-closure and contamination related costs may be inadequate;

our cash flow may not be sufficient to finance our high level of capital expenditures;

our acquisitions, including our ability to integrate acquired businesses, or that the acquired businesses may have unexpected risks or liabilities;

the seasonal nature of our business and "event-driven" waste projects that could cause our results to fluctuate;

we may be subject in the normal course of business to judicial, administrative or other third-party proceedings that could interrupt or limit our operations, result in adverse judgments, settlements or fines and create negative publicity;

fuel supply and prices may fluctuate significantly and we may not be able to pass on cost increases to our customers;


2


fluctuations in the prices of commodities may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows;

increases in labor and disposal costs and related transportation costs could adversely impact our financial results;

efforts by labor unions could divert management attention and adversely affect operating results;

we depend significantly on the services of the members of our senior, regional and local management teams, and the departure of any of those persons could cause our operating results to suffer;

we are increasingly dependent on technology in our operations and, if our technology fails, our business could be adversely affected;

a cybersecurity incident could negatively impact our business and our relationships with customers;

operational and safety risks, including the risk of personal injury to employees and others;

we are subject to substantial governmental regulation and failure to comply with these requirements, as well as enforcement actions and litigation arising from an actual or perceived breach of such requirements, could subject us to fines, penalties and judgments, and impose limits on our ability to operate and expand;

our operations being subject to environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, as well as contractual obligations that may result in significant liabilities;

future changes in laws or renewed enforcement of laws regulating the flow of solid waste in interstate commerce could adversely affect our operating results;

fundamental change in the waste management industry as traditional waste streams are increasingly viewed as renewable resources and changes in laws and environmental policies may limit the items that enter the waste stream, any of which may adversely impact volumes and tipping fees at our landfills. Alternatives to landfill disposal may cause our revenues and operating results to decline;

risks associated with our substantial indebtedness and working capital deficit;

risks associated with our ability to implement our growth strategy as and when planned; and

the other risks described in the "Risk Factors" section of our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The above examples are not exhaustive and new risks may emerge from time to time. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Such forward-looking statements are based on our current beliefs, assumptions, expectations, estimates and projections regarding our present and future business strategies and the environment in which we will operate in the future. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change of events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement was based.


3


Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2017
Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1a.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 


4


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
(in millions, except share data)
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2.9

 
$
1.2

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4.5 and $4.0, respectively
191.6

 
183.2

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
29.4

 
30.3

Total current assets
223.9

 
214.7

Other assets
21.3

 
23.3

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,256.0 and $1,163.0, respectively
1,697.9

 
1,633.4

Goodwill
1,198.6

 
1,173.9

Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $227.0 and $210.7, respectively
297.6

 
324.6

Total assets
$
3,439.3

 
$
3,369.9

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
103.0

 
$
86.5

Accrued expenses
103.9

 
109.8

Deferred revenue
64.2

 
62.5

Current maturities of landfill retirement obligations
30.2

 
29.3

Current maturities of long-term debt
40.7

 
36.5

Total current liabilities
342.0

 
324.6

Other long-term liabilities
56.9

 
54.2

Long-term debt, less current maturities
1,885.2

 
1,887.0

Accrued landfill retirement obligations, less current maturities
198.3

 
161.8

Deferred income taxes
125.0

 
112.8

Total liabilities
2,607.4

 
2,540.4

Commitments and contingencies

 

Equity
 
 
 
Common stock: $.01 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 88,357,328 and 88,034,813 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
0.9

 
0.8

Additional paid-in capital
1,479.8

 
1,470.3

Accumulated deficit
(648.8
)
 
(641.6
)
Treasury Stock at cost, 2,274 and 0 shares, respectively



Total stockholders' equity
831.9

 
829.5

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
3,439.3

 
$
3,369.9

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
(in millions, except share and per share data)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service revenues
$
383.1

 
$
358.2

 
$
730.5

 
$
692.0

Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 

 
 
Operating
240.2

 
219.1

 
469.1

 
432.3

Selling, general and administrative
40.6

 
39.2

 
85.7

 
84.1

Depreciation and amortization
67.5

 
64.6

 
128.9

 
125.4

Acquisition and development costs
0.4

 

 
0.8

 
0.2

Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and asset impairments
10.3

 
(0.8
)
 
10.6

 
0.1

Restructuring charges

 

 

 
0.8

Total operating costs and expenses
359.0

 
322.1

 
695.1

 
642.9

Operating income
24.1

 
36.1

 
35.4

 
49.1

Other (expense) income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(23.1
)
 
(34.2
)
 
(45.6
)
 
(68.6
)
Other (expense) income, net
(1.3
)
 
0.2

 
(1.8
)
 
0.4

Total other expense
(24.4
)
 
(34.0
)
 
(47.4
)
 
(68.2
)
(Loss) gain before income taxes
(0.3
)
 
2.1

 
(12.0
)
 
(19.1
)
Income tax (benefit) expense
(0.1
)
 
1.9

 
(4.8
)
 
(5.1
)
              Net (loss) income
$
(0.2
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
(7.2
)
 
$
(14.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic loss per share
$

 
$

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.22
)
Diluted loss per share
$

 
$

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.22
)
Basic average shares outstanding
88,275,698

 
64,493,536

 
88,206,590

 
64,493,536

Diluted average shares outstanding
88,275,698

 
65,559,287

 
88,206,590

 
64,493,536

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income
(Unaudited)
 
(in millions)
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(0.2
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
(7.2
)
 
$
(14.0
)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(0.2
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
(7.2
)
 
$
(14.0
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


7


Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity
(Unaudited)





Additional Paid-In Capital

Accumulated Deficit
 
 
 
 

Total Stockholders' Equity
(in millions, except share data)
Common Stock


 
Treasury Stock

 
Shares

Amount


 
Shares

Amount













 








Balance at December 31, 2016
88,034,813


$
0.8


$
1,470.3


$
(641.6
)
 


$


$
829.5

Net loss






(7.2
)
 




(7.2
)
Stock-based compensation




4.7



 




4.7

Stock option exercises and other
322,515


0.1


4.8



 
2,274




4.9

Balance at June 30, 2017
88,357,328


$
0.9


$
1,479.8


$
(648.8
)
 
2,274


$


$
831.9


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


8


Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in millions)
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017

2016
Cash flows from operating activities



Net loss
$
(7.2
)

$
(14.0
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities



Depreciation and amortization
128.9


125.4

Change in fair value of derivative instruments
2.4


(7.0
)
Amortization of interest rate cap premium


0.2

Amortization of debt issuance costs and original issue discount
3.2


9.8

Accretion on landfill retirement obligations
7.4


6.5

Other accretion and amortization
1.9


0.9

Provision for doubtful accounts
2.2


1.4

Loss on disposition of property and equipment
0.9


1.8

Impairment of assets
13.0



Gain on disposition of businesses
(2.8
)

(1.7
)
Stock based compensation
4.7


3.3

Deferred tax benefit
(6.4
)

(6.2
)
Earnings in equity investee
(0.6
)

(1.1
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of businesses acquired



Increase in accounts receivable
(7.8
)

(5.1
)
Decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets
1.5


8.2

(Increase) decrease in other assets
0.1


0.4

Increase in accounts payable
18.3


0.2

Decrease in accrued expenses
(9.8
)

(10.0
)
Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
0.8


(1.1
)
Increase (decrease) in other long-term liabilities
2.2


(0.8
)
Capping, closure and post-closure obligations
(4.1
)

(6.7
)
Assumption of long term care and closure reserve
24.0



Net cash provided by operating activities
172.8


104.4

Cash flows from investing activities



Purchases of property and equipment and landfill construction and development
(79.9
)

(69.2
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
1.0


1.0

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired
(84.3
)

(5.1
)
Proceeds from sale of businesses
8.7


2.5

Net cash used in investing activities
(154.5
)

(70.8
)
Cash flows from financing activities



Proceeds from borrowings on debt instruments
120.0


70.0

Repayment on debt instruments, including capital leases
(141.3
)

(101.9
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises
4.7



Bank overdraft


11.3

Other financing activities


0.2

Return of capital to former parent


(12.6
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(16.6
)

(33.0
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
1.7


0.6

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
1.2


0.6

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
2.9


$
1.2


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

9

Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)



1.
Business Operations
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. together with its consolidated subsidiaries, as a consolidated entity, is a nonhazardous solid waste services company providing collection, transfer, recycling and disposal services to customers in the South, Midwest and Eastern regions of the United States.
The Company manages and evaluates its principal operations through three reportable operating segments on a regional basis. Those operating segments are the South, East and Midwest regions which provide collection, transfer, recycling and disposal services. Additional information related to segments can be found in Note 9.
Eight acquisitions were completed during the six months ended June 30, 2017 for aggregate consideration consisting of a cash purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $84.3 and notes payable of $1.6 subject to net working capital adjustments and other commitments, which are expected to be completed within approximately one year. The Company assumed approximately $3.9 in closure and post-closure liabilities associated with the acquisitions. Six acquisitions were completed during the six months ended June 30, 2016 for a cash purchase price of $4.9 and notes payable of $0.3. The results of operations of each acquisition are included in the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations subsequent to the closing date of each acquisition. The Company is still reviewing information surrounding property and equipment, intangible assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities related to acquisitions completed subsequent to June 30, 2016. See Note 11, Acquisitions, to the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further details on acquisitions completed during the six months ended June 30, 2017.
During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company entered into an Asset Transfer and Liability Assumption Agreement with BFI Waste Systems of North America, LLC. The Company received a cash payment of $24.0 which was recorded as an operating cash flow. In exchange for this payment, the Company assumed certain post-closure liabilities of a closed portion of a landfill and became responsible for expenditures related to a gas infrastructure system. The assumed post-closure liabilities and expenditures related to the gas infrastructure system approximate the amount of the cash payment. The payments related to the assumed post-closure liabilities and expenditures related to the gas infrastructure system will be made in future periods.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company divested of its collection services operation in Charlotte, North Carolina for consideration received of $8.7. A $1.4 gain on the sale of that business is included in the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.

2.
Basis of Presentation
The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include its wholly-owned subsidiaries and their respective subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The condensed consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2017 and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 are unaudited. In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which, unless otherwise disclosed, are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the balance sheet, results of operations, comprehensive (loss) income, cash flows, and changes in equity for the periods presented. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year. The financial statements presented herein should be read in conjunction with the financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016.
In conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, the Company uses estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. The Company must make these estimates and assumptions because certain information that it uses is dependent on future events, cannot be calculated with a high degree of precision from data available or simply cannot be readily calculated based on generally accepted methodologies. In preparing the Company's financial statements, the more subjective areas that deal with the greatest amount of uncertainty relate to: accounting for long-lived assets, including recoverability; landfill development costs, final capping, closure and post-closure costs; valuation allowances for accounts receivable and deferred tax assets; liabilities for potential litigation; claims and assessments; liabilities for environmental remediation; stock compensation; accounting for goodwill and intangible asset impairments; deferred taxes; uncertain tax positions; self-insurance reserves; and estimates of the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in any acquisition. Actual results could differ materially from the estimates and assumptions that the Company uses in preparation of its financial statements.


Intangible Asset Impairment
The Company has collection operations in South Carolina which operate in a competitor-owned disposal market that does not align with the Company's long-term market strategy of vertically integrated operations with Company-owned disposal sites or marketplace neutral disposal sites. During April of 2017, changes in facts and circumstances led the Company to evaluate the long-term market for South Carolina collection operations and re-evaluate the expected cash flows provided by this market. The Company determined it appropriate to impair certain intangible assets that were recorded as part of the purchase accounting when these entities were acquired. Based on the Company's evaluation, the Company recorded an intangible asset impairment of $13.0 during the second quarter of 2017.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2017-04 which simplifies the goodwill impairment test by eliminating step 2 of the quantitative assessment. Under the guidance, when a quantitative assessment is required, an entity will perform a goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge will be measured as the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. Additionally, entities should consider income tax effects from any tax deductible goodwill on the carrying amount of the reporting unit when measuring the goodwill impairment loss, if applicable. This amended guidance is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020 and early adoption of the standard is permitted. The Company's early adoption on January 1, 2017 did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 which clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The amendments provide a screen to determine when a set of assets and activities is not a business. If the screen is not met, the amendments require further consideration of inputs, substantive processes and outputs to determine whether the transaction is an acquisition of a business. The new update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 with early adoption permitted. The Company's early adoption on January 1, 2017 did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which will require lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability, and lessors to recognize a net lease investment. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures will also be required to increase transparency and comparability among organizations. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the standard is permitted, however; the Company does not expect to early adopt the ASU. Lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented. While the Company is still assessing the impact of this standard, it does not believe this standard will have a material impact on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which supersedes previous revenue recognition guidance. The new standard requires that a company recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. Companies will need to use more judgment and estimates than under the guidance currently in effect, including estimating the amount of variable revenue to recognize over each identified performance obligation. Additional disclosures will be required to help users of financial statements understand the nature, amount and timing of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts. This standard will become effective for the Company beginning with the first quarter 2018 and can be adopted either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company anticipates adopting the standard as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption.

To assess the impact of the standard, the Company is using internal resources to lead the implementation efforts. The Company's internal resources reviewed the amended guidance, attended training classes and consulted with other accounting professionals to assist with interpretation of the amended guidance. The Company completed an impact assessment of the guidance changes affecting the Company and developed an approach to address each change. The Company completed a review of its municipal contracts and documented key contract terms for areas impacted by the amended guidance. The Company is in the process of sampling additional contracts based on specifically identified contract characteristics that could be accounted for differently under the amended guidance. Changes to processes and internal controls are being identified to meet the standard’s reporting and disclosure requirements. The Company continues to work through an analysis of the increased disclosures required by the new guidance. The Company has determined that sales commissions previously recorded as expense in the income statement when earned will be recorded as a contract asset under the amended guidance. The Company is in process of determining the appropriate amortization period for these sales commissions. The Company is still in the process of determining if the new standard will impact the timing of revenue recognition.

3.
Landfill Liabilities
Liabilities for final closure and post-closure costs for the year ended December 31, 2016 and for the six months ended June 30, 2017 are shown in the table below:
Balance at December 31, 2015
$
193.7

Increase in retirement obligation
9.3

Accretion of closure and post-closure costs
13.0

Change in estimate
(7.4
)
Costs incurred
(17.5
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
191.1

Increase in retirement obligation
4.6

Accretion of closure and post-closure costs
7.4

Costs incurred
(2.5
)
Assumption of long term care and closure reserves
27.9

Balance at June 30, 2017
228.5

Less: Current portion
(30.2
)

$
198.3


4. Loss Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic loss per share and loss per share, assuming dilution:

 
Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

 
2017

2016

2017

2016
Numerator: (Dollars in millions)











Net (loss) income
$
(0.2
)

$
0.2


$
(7.2
)

$
(14.0
)
Denominator:









Average common shares outstanding
88,275,698


64,493,536


88,206,590


64,493,536


Other potentially dilutive common shares


1,065,751






Average common shares outstanding, assuming dilution
88,275,698


65,559,287


88,206,590


64,493,536















Net loss per share, basic
$


$


$
(0.08
)

$
(0.22
)

Net loss per share, assuming dilution
$


$


$
(0.08
)

$
(0.22
)
Basic net loss per share is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding for each of the periods presented. Net loss per share, assuming dilution, is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock equivalents outstanding adjusted for the effects of common stock that may be issued as a result of potentially dilutive instruments. The Company's potentially dilutive instruments are made up of equity awards, which include stock options, restricted stock awards, and performance stock awards.


10

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

Pursuant to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 260, Earnings Per Share, the Company includes additional shares in the computation of net income per share, assuming dilution. The additional shares that would be included in diluted net income per share would represent the number of shares that would be issued if all of the above potentially dilutive instruments were converted into common stock. When calculating diluted net income per share, the ASC requires the Company to include the potential shares that would be outstanding if all outstanding stock options were exercised. This number is different from outstanding stock options because it is offset by shares the Company could repurchase using the proceeds from these hypothetical exercises to obtain the common stock equivalent.
Approximately 4.6 million and 0.4 million of outstanding stock awards were excluded from the diluted (loss) income per share calculation for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, respectively, because their effect was antidilutive. Approximately 4.2 million and 2.2 million of outstanding stock awards were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, respectively, because their effect was antidilutive.

5.
Debt
The following table summarizes the major components of debt at each balance sheet date and provides the maturities and interest rate ranges of each major category of debt:
 
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Revolving line of credit with lenders (Revolver), interest at applicable rate plus margin, as defined (6.0% and 4.49% at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively) due quarterly; balance due at maturity in November 2021
$
5.0

 
$

Term loans (Term Loan B); quarterly payments of $3.75 commencing March 31, 2017 through September 30, 2023 with final payment due November 10, 2023; interest at an alternate base rate or adjusted LIBOR rate with a 0.75% floor plus an applicable margin
1,467.5

 
1,480.0

Senior notes (Senior Notes) payable; interest at 5.625% payable in arrears semi-annually commencing May 15, 2017; maturing on November 15, 2024

425.0

 
425.0

Capital lease obligations, maturing through 2024
51.7

 
42.5

Other debt
12.9

 
15.1

 
1,962.1

 
1,962.6

Less: Original issue discount and debt issuance costs classified as a reduction to long-term debt
(36.2
)
 
(39.1
)
Less: Current portion
(40.7
)
 
(36.5
)
 
$
1,885.2

 
$
1,887.0


All borrowings under the Term Loan B and the Revolver are guaranteed by each of the Company's current and future U.S. subsidiaries (which also guarantee the Senior Notes), subject to certain agreed-upon exemptions. All guarantors are jointly and severally and fully and unconditionally liable. There are no significant restrictions on the Company or any guarantor to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend or loan.

Revolver and Letter of Credit Facilities

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had an aggregate committed capacity of $300.0, of which $100.0 was available for letters of credit under its credit facilities. The Company’s Revolver is its primary source of letter of credit capacity and expires in 2021. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had $5.0 and $0.0 of borrowings outstanding on the Revolver, respectively. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had an aggregate of $40.9 and $42.1, respectively, of letters of credit outstanding under its credit facilities.









11

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

6. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The following table summarizes the fair values of derivative instruments recorded in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets:

 
Balance Sheet Location
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31,
2016
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments








2016 Interest rate caps

Other long term assets

$


$
2.3

2017 Interest rate caps
 
Other long term liabilities
 
(0.1
)
 

Total derivatives



$
(0.1
)

$
2.3

The Company has not offset fair value of assets and liabilities recognized for its derivative instruments.
Interest Rate Caps
In December 2012, the Company entered into four interest rate cap agreements to hedge the risk of a rise in interest rates and associated cash flows on its variable rate debt. The interest rate caps expired in various tranches through fiscal 2016. The Company recorded a premium of $5.0 in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and amortized the premium to interest expense based upon decreases in the time value of the caps. Amortization expense was approximately $0.0 and $0.2 for the three and six months ending June 30, 2016, respectively.
In May 2016, the Company entered into three interest rate cap agreements as economic hedges against the risk of a rise in interest rates and the associated cash flows on its variable rate debt. The Company is paying the $5.5 premium of the caps equally over eleven quarters beginning on March 31, 2017. The Company elected not to apply hedge accounting to these interest rate caps therefore changes in the fair value of the interest rate caps are recorded in other (expense) income, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company recorded a loss of $2.0 and $2.8 for the three months ending June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively and $3.3 and $2.8 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Of the recorded losses, $0.5 and $1.0 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively, were realized losses. The notional value of the contracts aggregated were $800.0 as of June 30, 2017 and will remain constant through maturity in September 2019.
Commodity Futures Contracts
Prior to fiscal 2017, the company utilized fuel derivative instruments (commodity futures contracts) as economic hedges of the risk that fuel prices would fluctuate. The Company has used financial derivative instruments for both short-term and long-term time frames and utilized fixed price swap agreements to manage the identified risk. The Company does not currently have plans to enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. All fuel derivative contracts entered into by the Company expired prior to fiscal 2017. Changes in the fair value and settlements of the fuel derivative instruments were recorded in other (expense) income, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company recorded income of $2.1 and $1.5, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016.

7. Income Taxes

The Company’s effective income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was 33.3% and 90.5%, respectively. The Company evaluates its effective income tax rate at each interim period and adjusts it accordingly as facts and circumstances warrant. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2017 is materially consistent with the federal statutory rate of 35%. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to the unfavorable impact of permanently non-deductible expenses included in stock-based compensation. These items had a greater impact on the Company’s effective income tax rate during the three months ended June 30, 2016 than in comparable prior periods due to the Company’s pre-tax earnings being near break-even for the three months ended June 30, 2016.
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was 40.0% and 26.7%, respectively. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily due to the favorable impact of recorded valuation allowance and the favorable

12

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

impact of state and local taxes. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to the unfavorable impact of permanently non-deductible expenses and the unfavorable impact of a change in recorded valuation allowance.

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $10.5 of liabilities associated with unrecognized tax benefits and related interest. These liabilities are primarily included as a component of long-term “Other liabilities” in the condensed consolidated balance sheet because the Company generally does not anticipate that settlement of the liabilities will require payment of cash within the next 12 months. The Company is not able to reasonably estimate when it would make any cash payments required to settle these liabilities, but the Company does not believe that the ultimate settlement of its obligations will materially affect its liquidity.

8.
Commitments and Contingencies
Financial Instruments
The Company has obtained letters of credit, performance bonds and insurance policies for the performance of landfill final capping, closure and post-closure requirements, environmental remediation, and other obligations. Letters of credit are supported by the Company’s Revolver (Note 5).
The Company does not expect that any claims against or draws on these instruments would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company has not experienced any unmanageable difficulty in obtaining the required financial assurance instruments for its current operations. In an ongoing effort to mitigate risks of future cost increases and reductions in available capacity, the Company continues to evaluate various options to access cost-effective sources of financial assurance.
Insurance
The Company carries insurance coverage for protection of its assets and operations from certain risks including automobile liability, general liability, real and personal property, workers' compensation, directors and officers liability, pollution, legal liability and other coverages the Company believes are customary to the industry. The Company's exposure to loss for insurance claims is generally limited to the per incident deductible, or self-insured retention, under the related insurance policy. Its exposure, however, could increase if its insurers are unable to meet their commitments on a timely basis.
The Company has retained a significant portion of the risks related to its automobile, general liability, workers' compensation and health claims programs. For its self-insured retentions, the exposure for unpaid claims and associated expenses, including incurred but not reported losses, is based on an actuarial valuation and internal estimates. The accruals for these liabilities could be revised if future occurrences or loss development significantly differ from the Company's assumptions used. The Company does not expect the impact of any known casualty, property, environmental or other contingency to have a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
Litigation and Other Matters
In February 2009, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries were named as defendants in a purported class action suit in the Circuit Court of Macon County, Alabama. Similar class action complaints were brought against the Company and certain of its subsidiaries in 2011 in Duval County, Florida and in 2013 in Quitman County, Georgia and Barbour County, Alabama, and in 2014 in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The 2013 Georgia complaint was dismissed in March 2014. In late 2015 in Gwinnett County, Georgia, another purported class action suit was filed. The plaintiffs in those cases primarily allege that the defendants charged improper fees (fuel, administrative and environmental fees) that were in breach of the plaintiffs' service agreements with the Company and seek damages in an unspecified amount. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses against these purported class actions, which it will vigorously pursue. Given the inherent uncertainties of litigation, including the early stage of these cases, the unknown size of any potential class, and legal and factual issues in dispute, the outcome of these cases cannot be predicted and a range of loss, if any, cannot currently be estimated.
In November 2014, the Attorney General of the State of Vermont filed a complaint against the Company relating to the Moretown, Vermont landfill regarding alleged odor and other environmental-related noncompliances with environmental laws and regulations and environmental permits. In the complaint, the Attorney General requested that the State of Vermont Superior Court find the Company liable for the alleged noncompliances, issue related civil penalties, and order the Company to reimburse the State of Vermont for enforcement costs. While the complaint does not specify a monetary penalty, prior

13

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

correspondence from the Attorney General of the State of Vermont indicates that it may seek a penalty relating to the alleged noncompliances that is not expected to be material. Given the inherent uncertainties of litigation, including the early stage of this case, the outcome cannot be predicted and a range of loss, if any, cannot currently be estimated.

In February 2017, a waste slide occurred in one cell at the Company’s Greentree Landfill in Kersey, Pennsylvania. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recorded a charge in operating expenses of $5.4, representing the Company’s current estimate of probable costs to relocate displaced material and restore infrastructure, net of estimated insurance recoveries; this amount could increase or decrease as a result of actual costs incurred to completion and insurance recoveries. The Company has incurred $2.4 and $3.9 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, respectively.
The Company is subject to various other proceedings, lawsuits, disputes and claims and regulatory investigations arising in the ordinary course of its business. Many of these actions raise complex factual and legal issues and are subject to uncertainties. Actions filed against the Company include commercial, customer, and employment-related claims. The plaintiffs in some actions seek unspecified damages or injunctive relief, or both. These actions are in various procedural stages, and some are covered in part by insurance. Although the Company cannot predict the ultimate outcome and the range of loss cannot be currently estimated, the Company does not believe that the eventual outcome of any such action could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.     

Multiemployer Defined Benefit Pension Plans
Approximately 12.7% of the Company’s workforce is covered by collective bargaining agreements with various local unions across its operating regions. As a result of some of these agreements, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries are participating employers in a number of trustee-managed multiemployer, defined benefit pension plans for the affected employees. In connection with its ongoing renegotiation of various collective bargaining agreements, the Company may discuss and negotiate for the complete or partial withdrawal from one or more of these pension plans. A complete or partial withdrawal from a multiemployer pension plan may also occur if employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement vote to decertify a union from continuing to represent them. The Company is not aware of any such actions in connection with continuing operations. As a result of certain discontinued operations, the Company is potentially exposed to certain withdrawal liabilities. The Company does not believe that any future withdrawals, individually or in the aggregate, from the multiemployer plans to which it contributes could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition or liquidity. However, such withdrawals could have a material adverse effect on the Company's results of operations for a particular reporting period, depending on the number of employees withdrawn in any future period and the financial condition of the multiemployer plan(s) at the time of such withdrawal(s).

Tax Matters

The Company has open tax years dating back to 2000 in certain jurisdictions. Prior to the acquisition, MW Star Holdings, Corp. (Veolia ES Solid Waste division) was part of a consolidated group and is still subject to IRS and state examinations dating back to 2004. Pursuant to the terms of the acquisition of Veolia ES Solid Waste, Inc., the Company is entitled to certain indemnifications for Veolia ES Solid Waste Division's pre-acquisition tax liabilities.
The Company maintains a liability for uncertain tax positions, the balance of which management believes is adequate. Results of audit assessments by taxing authorities are not currently expected to have a material adverse impact on the Company's results of operations or cash flows.

9. Segment and Related Information
The Company manages and evaluates its operations primarily through its South, East and Midwest regional segments. These three groups are presented below as the Company’s reportable segments. The Company’s three geographic operating segments provide collection, transfer, disposal and recycling services. The Company serves residential, commercial and industrial, and municipal customers throughout its operating segments. As disclosed in the Company's 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the Company reorganized its internal structure during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 by moving two business units from the East segment to the South segment. Segment revenue, operating income and depreciation and amortization for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 have been reclassified to reflect these changes to the Company's operating segments. As a result, for the quarter ended June 30, 2016, $5.7 of segment revenue was reclassified from the East to the South, $1.0 of operating income was reclassified from the East to the South and $0.3 of depreciation and amortization was reclassified from the East to the South. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, $11.1 of segment revenue was reclassified from the East to the South, $1.8

14

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

of operating income was reclassified from the East to the South and $0.8 of depreciation and amortization was reclassified from the East to the South. Revenues, operating income/(loss) and depreciation and amortization for our reportable segments for the periods indicated, are shown in the following tables:
 
Service
Revenues
 
Operating
Income
(Loss)
 
Depreciation
and
Amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
South
$
139.6

 
$
24.0

 
$
19.7

East
100.2

 
(5.3
)
 
20.1

Midwest
143.3

 
20.6

 
25.2

Corporate

 
(15.2
)
 
2.5

 
$
383.1

 
$
24.1

 
$
67.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
South
$
129.8

 
$
23.0

 
$
19.0

East
90.5

 
8.2

 
18.9

Midwest
137.9

 
20.5

 
24.6

Corporate

 
(15.6
)
 
2.1

 
$
358.2

 
$
36.1

 
$
64.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
South
$
275.1

 
$
46.2

 
$
38.8

East
186.2

 
(7.9
)
 
37.7

Midwest
269.2

 
31.9

 
47.8

Corporate

 
(34.8
)
 
4.6

 
$
730.5

 
$
35.4

 
$
128.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
South
$
258.4

 
$
43.7

 
$
38.1

East
173.4

 
11.0

 
35.8

Midwest
260.2

 
32.0

 
47.5

Corporate

 
(37.6
)
 
4.0

 
$
692.0

 
$
49.1

 
$
125.4

 
Fluctuations in the Company's operating results may be caused by many factors, including period-to-period changes in the relative contribution of revenue by each line of business and operating segment and by general economic conditions. In addition, its revenues and income from operations typically reflect seasonal patterns. The Company expects its operating results to vary seasonally, with revenues typically lowest in the first quarter, higher in the second and third quarters and lower in the fourth quarter than in the second and third quarters. This seasonality reflects the lower volume of solid waste generated during the late fall, winter and early spring in the East and Midwest segments because of decreased construction and demolition activities during winter months in these regions of the United States. In addition, some of the Company's operating costs may be higher in the winter months. Adverse winter weather conditions slow waste collection activities, resulting in higher labor and operational costs. Greater precipitation in the winter increases the weight of collected municipal solid waste, resulting in higher disposal costs, which are calculated on a per ton basis.
Additionally, certain destructive weather conditions that tend to occur during the second half of the year, such as hurricanes that most often impact the South region, can increase the Company’s revenues in the areas affected. While weather-related and other

15

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

occurrences can boost revenues through additional work, as a result of significant start-up costs and other factors, such revenue sometimes generates earnings at comparatively lower margins. Certain weather conditions, including severe winter storms, may result in the temporary suspension of the Company’s operations, which can significantly affect the operating results of the affected regions. No such events have occurred during the periods presented.

10. Fair Value Measurements
Assets and Liabilities Accounted for at Fair Value
In measuring fair values of assets and liabilities, the Company uses valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs (Level 1) and minimize the use of unobservable inputs (Level 3). The Company also uses market data or assumptions that it believes market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability, including assumptions about risk when appropriate. The carrying value for certain of the Company's financial instruments approximate fair value because of their short-term nature. The Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis include the following:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement at June 30, 2017
Reporting Date Using
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Gains
(Losses)
 
Carrying
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring fair value measurements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
2.9

 
$
2.9

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
2.9

Interest rate caps - Liability position
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.1
)
 

 

 
(0.1
)
Total recurring fair value measurements
$
2.8

 
$
2.9

 
$
(0.1
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
2.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement at December 31, 2016
Reporting Date Using
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
Gains
(Losses)
 
Carrying
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recurring fair value measurements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1.2

 
$
1.2

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
1.2

Interest rate caps - asset position
2.3




2.3






2.3

Total recurring fair value measurements
$
3.5


$
1.2


$
2.3


$


$


$
3.5

The fair value of the interest rate caps are determined using standard option valuation models with assumptions about interest rates based on those observed in underlying markets (Level 2 in fair value hierarchy).
Fair Value of Debt
The fair value of the Company’s debt (Level 2) is estimated using indirectly observable market inputs, except for the Revolver for which cost approximates fair value due to the short-term nature of the interest rate. Although the Company has determined the estimated fair value amounts using quoted market prices, considerable judgment is required in interpreting the information and in developing the estimated fair values. Therefore, these estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company, or holders of the instruments, could realize in a current market exchange. The fair value estimates are based on information available as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

16

Table of Contents            
Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)

The estimated fair value of the Company’s debt is as follows:
 
June 30,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Revolver
$
5.0


$

Senior Notes
439.9


425.5

Term Loan B
1,474.8


1,495.7


$
1,919.7


$
1,921.2

The carrying value of the Company’s debt at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 was $1,897.5 and $1,905.0, respectively.

11. Acquisitions
Eight acquisitions were completed during the six months ended June 30, 2017 for aggregate consideration consisting of a cash purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $84.3 and notes payable of $1.6, subject to net working capital adjustments and other commitments, which are expected to be completed within approximately one year. The goodwill recognized of $25.4 represents long-term growth potential and the synergies from the combined operations of the acquired entities and the Company. The Company is still reviewing information surrounding property and equipment, intangible assets, current liabilities and long-term liabilities resulting from the acquisitions, which may result in changes to the Company’s preliminary purchase price allocation during subsequent periods. Transaction costs related to these acquisitions were not significant for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. The results of operations of each acquisition are included in the consolidated statements of operations of the Company subsequent to the closing date of each acquisition.
 
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired, net of cash acquired, year to date as of:
 
June 30, 2017
Current assets
$
4.6

Property and equipment
75.3

Goodwill
25.4

Other intangible assets
7.0

Total assets acquired
112.3

Current liabilities
5.4

Accrued landfill retirement obligations
3.9

Deferred tax liability
18.7

Total liabilities assumed
28.0

Net assets acquired
$
84.3

The following table presents the allocation of the purchase price to other intangible assets:
 
June 30, 2017
Customer lists and contracts
$
6.5

Noncompete
0.4

Other
0.1

 
$
7.0

The amount of goodwill recorded related to these acquisitions for the South Segment, East Segment, and Midwest Segment was $0.8, $24.6, and $0.0, respectively. The amount of goodwill deductible for tax purposes related to these acquisitions is $0.9.
The weighted average life of other intangible assets in years is as follows:
Customer lists and contracts
16
Noncompete
5



17

Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(in millions, except share data)


12. Subsequent Events

Acquisitions

During July 2017, the Company completed two acquisitions of waste collection companies. The Company paid consideration of $20.0 for these acquisitions. The Company has not yet completed its initial purchase price allocation.

Asset Purchase

On May 1, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement to lease a 22,500 square foot building and related improvements near Orlando, FL. In June 2017, the Lessor communicated their intention to sell the facility. The Company has exercised its right of first offer pursuant to the lease agreement and is in process of finalizing the agreement to purchase the leased assets for cash consideration of $8.5.



18



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included under Item 1. In addition, you should refer to our audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations appearing in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K. All dollar amounts are presented in millions, unless otherwise stated.
Overview
We are a leading integrated provider of non-hazardous solid waste collection, transfer, recycling and disposal services, operating primarily in secondary markets or under exclusive arrangements. We have a presence in 16 states across the Midwest, South and East regions of the United States, serving approximately 2.8 million residential and over 200,000 commercial and industrial (C&I) customers through our extensive network of 91 collection operations, 73 transfer stations, 22 owned or operated recycling facilities and 40 owned or operated landfills. We operate 5 landfill gas and renewable energy projects and have an additional 12 third party owned landfill gas and renewable energy projects. We also have post-closure responsibility for 5 closed landfills. We seek to drive financial performance in markets in which we own or operate a landfill or in certain disposal-neutral markets, where the landfill is owned by our municipal customer. In markets in which we own or operate a landfill, we aim to create and maintain vertically integrated operations through which we manage a majority of our customers' waste from the point of collection through the point of disposal, a process we refer to as internalization. By internalizing a majority of the waste in these markets, we are able to deliver high quality customer service while also ensuring a stable revenue stream and maximizing profitability and cash flow from operations. In disposal-neutral markets, we focus selectively on opportunities where we can negotiate exclusive arrangements with our municipal customers, facilitating highly efficient and profitable collection operations with lower capital requirements.
Geographically, we focus our business principally in secondary, or less densely populated non-urban, markets where the presence of large national providers is generally more limited. We also compete selectively in primary, or densely populated urban, markets where we can capitalize on opportunities for vertical integration through our high-quality transfer and disposal infrastructure and where we can benefit from highly efficient collection route density. We maintain an attractive mix of revenue from varying sources, including residential collections, C&I collections, landfill gas and special waste streams, and fees charged to third parties for disposal in our network of transfer stations and landfills.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth for the periods indicated our consolidated results of operations and the percentage relationship that certain items from our condensed consolidated financial statements bear to revenue (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue).
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service revenues
$
383.1

 
100.0
%
 
$
358.2

 
100.0
 %
 
$
730.5

 
100.0
%
 
$
692.0

 
100.0
%
Operating costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
 
Operating
240.2

 
62.7
%
 
219.1

 
61.2
 %
 
469.1

 
64.2
%
 
432.3

 
62.5
%
Selling, general and administrative
40.6

 
10.6
%
 
39.2

 
10.9
 %
 
85.7

 
11.7
%
 
84.1

 
12.2
%
Depreciation and amortization
67.5

 
17.6
%
 
64.6

 
18.0
 %
 
128.9

 
17.6
%
 
125.4

 
18.1
%
Acquisition and development costs
0.4

 
0.1
%
 

 
 %
 
0.8

 
0.1
%
 
0.2

 
%
Loss (gain) on disposal of assets and asset impairments
10.3

 
2.7
%
 
(0.8
)
 
(0.2
)%
 
10.6

 
1.5
%
 
0.1

 
%
Restructuring charges

 
%
 

 
 %
 

 
%
 
0.8

 
0.1
%
Total operating costs and expenses
359.0

 
93.7
%
 
322.1

 
89.9
 %
 
695.1

 
95.2
%
 
642.9

 
92.9
%
Operating income
$
24.1

 
6.3
%
 
$
36.1

 
10.1
 %
 
$
35.4

 
4.8
%
 
$
49.1

 
7.1
%


19


Three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Operating income decreased $12.0 or 33.2% to $24.1 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. The decrease was primarily the result of the following:
As discussed in Note 2 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements, the Company recorded an intangible asset impairment charge of $13.0 during the second quarter of fiscal 2017.
Operating income, net of the $13.0 million impairment described above, increased $1.0 or 2.8% to $37.1 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily the result of the following:
An increase in service revenues of $24.9 as detailed further in the "Revenue" section below.
The increase for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was partially offset by the following:
An increase in operating costs of $21.1 which includes higher disposal and transportation costs of $8.5 to support the increase in our service revenue, an increase in salary and wage expense of $4.4 due to merit increases, acquisition activity, higher healthcare costs and higher workers' compensation cost, an increase in fuel expense of $2.1 due to the increase in diesel fuel prices, an increase in maintenance costs for landfill gas control, leachate and sulfate treatment of $1.8, an increase in repairs and maintenance expense of $1.6 due to acquisition activity, an increase in sales and marketing expense of $1.2 due to hiring additional sales representatives and an increase in insurance expenses of $0.6 due to higher automobile and property insurance costs.
An increase in depreciation and amortization of $2.9 as a result of acquisition activity.
Six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Operating income decreased $13.7 or 27.9% to $35.4 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. Operating income, net of the $13.0 intangible asset impairment and $5.4 of costs associated with the Greentree landfill waste slide, increased $4.7 or 9.6% to $53.8 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily the result of the following:
An increase in service revenues of $38.5 as detailed further in the "Revenue" section below.
The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was partially offset by the following:
An increase in operating costs of $31.4, net of the $5.4 in costs associated with the Greentree landfill waste slide, which includes higher disposal and transportation costs of $10.2 to support the increase in our service revenue, an increase in salary and wage expense of $6.7 due to merit increases, acquisition activity, higher healthcare costs and higher workers' compensation cost, an increase in fuel expense of $5.7 due to the increase in diesel fuel prices, an increase in maintenance costs for landfill gas control, leachate and sulfate treatment of $2.7, an increase in repairs and maintenance expense of $2.7 due to acquisition activity, an increase in sales and marketing expense of $1.7 due to hiring additional sales representatives and an increase in insurance expenses of $1.3 due to higher automobile and property insurance costs;
An increase in depreciation and amortization of $3.5 as a result of acquisition activity.
Revenue

Through our subsidiaries, we generate revenue primarily by providing collection and disposal services to commercial, industrial, municipal and residential customers. Our remaining revenue is generated from recycling, fuel and environmental fees, landfill gas-to-energy operations and other ancillary revenue-generating activities. Revenues from our collection operations consist of fees we receive from municipal, subscription, residential and C&I customers and are influenced by factors such as collection frequency, type of collection equipment furnished, type and volume or weight of the waste collected, distance to the recycling, transfer station or disposal facilities and our disposal costs. Standard C&I service agreements are typically three to five years, and we have historically maintained strong relationships with our C&I customers. Our municipal customer relationships are generally supported by exclusive contracts ranging from three to ten years in initial duration with subsequent renewal periods. Certain municipal contracts have annual price escalation clauses that are tied to changes in an underlying base index such as the consumer price index (CPI). We provide commercial front load and temporary and permanent rolloff service

20


offerings to our commercial customers. While the majority of our rolloff services are provided to customers under long-term service agreements, we generally do not enter into contracts with our temporary rolloff customers due to the relatively short-term nature of most construction and demolition (C&D) projects.

Our transfer stations and landfills generate revenue from disposal or tipping fees. Revenues from our landfill operations consist of fees which are generally based on the type and weight or volume of waste being disposed of at our disposal facilities. Fees charged at transfer stations are generally based on the weight or volume of waste deposited, taking into account our cost of loading, transporting and disposing of the solid waste at a disposal site. Recycling revenue consists of disposal or tipping fees and proceeds from the sale of recyclable commodities to third parties.

The amounts charged for collection, disposal, and recycling services may include fuel fees and environmental fees. Fuel fees and environmental fees are not designed to be specific to the direct costs and expenses to service an individual customer's account, but rather are designed to address and to help recover changes in our overall cost structure and to achieve an operating margin acceptable to us.

Other revenue is comprised of ancillary revenue-generating activities, such as trucking, landfill gas-to-energy operations at municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills, management of third-party owned landfills, customer service charges relating to overdue payments and customer administrative fees relating to customers who request paper copies of invoices rather than opting for electronic invoices.
The following table sets forth our consolidated revenues by line of business for the periods indicated (in millions and as a percentage of total service revenues).
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Collection
$
252.8

 
66.0
 %
 
$
247.6

 
69.1
 %
 
$
494.0

 
67.6
 %
 
$
486.2

 
70.3
 %
Disposal
144.6

 
37.7
 %
 
138.6

 
38.7
 %
 
262.5

 
35.9
 %
 
254.1

 
36.7
 %
Sale of recyclables
9.4

 
2.5
 %
 
5.5

 
1.5
 %
 
17.6

 
2.4
 %
 
9.7

 
1.4
 %
Fuel fees and environmental fees
25.1

 
6.6
 %
 
20.9

 
5.8
 %
 
49.1

 
6.7
 %
 
39.9

 
5.8
 %
Other revenue
27.7

 
7.2
 %
 
18.5

 
5.2
 %
 
50.7

 
6.9
 %
 
38.7

 
5.6
 %
Intercompany eliminations
(76.5
)
 
(20.0
)%
 
(72.9
)
 
(20.4
)%
 
(143.4
)
 
(19.5
)%
 
(136.6
)
 
(19.8
)%
Total service revenues
$
383.1

 
100.0
 %
 
$
358.2

 
100.0
 %
 
$
730.5

 
100.0
 %
 
$
692.0

 
100.0
 %
The following table reflects changes in components of our revenue, as a percentage of total revenue, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016:

Three Months Ended June 30,

Six Months Ended June 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016
Average yield
1.4
 %

1.7
 %

2.0
 %

1.9
 %
Recycling
1.2
 %

0.2
 %

1.3
 %

 %
Fuel fee revenue
0.5
 %

(0.9
)%

0.4
 %

(1.1
)%
Total yield
3.1
 %

1.0
 %

3.7
 %

0.8
 %
Organic volume
0.6
 %

(0.9
)%

(0.5
)%

(0.3
)%
Acquisitions
3.4
 %

1.8
 %

2.6
 %

2.0
 %
Divestitures
(0.1
)%

(1.0
)%

(0.2
)%

(1.6
)%
Total revenue growth
7.0
 %

0.9
 %

5.6
 %

0.9
 %
Average yield is defined as aggregate contribution of price changes excluding recycled commodities and fuel fee revenue.
During the three months ended June 30, 2017, we experienced the following changes in components of our revenue as compared to the same period in fiscal 2016:

21


Average yield increased revenue by 1.4% driven by positive open market price yield in our commercial and roll-off collection lines of business along with higher price yield in our municipal residential business due to the positive impact of higher CPI contract resets but offset somewhat from lower C&D pricing;
Recycling revenue increased revenue by 1.2% due to an increase in recycling commodity prices;
Fuel fee revenue increased revenue by 0.5%. These fees fluctuate in response to changes in prices for diesel fuel on which the surcharge is based and, consequently, any increase in fuel prices results in an increase in our revenue. Our fuel surcharge fees reset on a monthly basis therefore an increase in our fuel fee revenue is delayed in comparison to the increase in our fuel expense when diesel fuel prices increase;
Organic volume increased revenue by 0.6% primarily due to an increase in landfill disposal volumes and an increase in third party trucking revenue due to special waste project activity. Volumes in the commercial and rolloff collection business were flat with residential volume decreasing as we continue to cycle through certain municipal contract losses and contract losses from our business rationalization strategy;
Acquisitions increased revenue by 3.4% due to our execution of acquisition opportunities that further enhance our vertical integration strategy;
Divestitures decreased revenue by 0.1% due to our strategic decisions to divest low margin businesses in fiscal 2016.
During the six months ended June 30, 2017, we experienced the following changes in components of our revenue as compared to the same period in fiscal 2016:
Average yield increased revenue by 2.0% as we achieved positive open market price yield in our collection and disposal operations and higher price yield in our municipal residential business due to the positive impact of higher CPI contract resets. Average yield in our disposal business increased with price growth for MSW and special waste volumes partially offset by lower prices for C&D volumes due in part to mix changes;
Recycling revenue increased revenue by 1.3% due to an increase in recycling commodity prices;
Fuel fee revenue increased revenue by 0.4%. These fees fluctuate in response to changes in prices for diesel fuel on which the surcharge is based and, consequently, any increase in fuel prices results in an increase in our revenue. Our fuel surcharge fees reset on a monthly basis therefore an increase in our fuel fee revenue is delayed in comparison to the increase in our fuel expense when diesel fuel prices increase;
Organic volume decreased revenue by 0.5% primarily due to a decrease in residential collection volumes as we continue to cycle through certain municipal contract losses and contract losses from our business rationalization strategy and a reduction in shale related volumes. The decrease was partially offset by an increase in C&D disposal volumes and an increase in third party trucking revenue due to special waste project activity;
Acquisitions increased revenue by 2.6% due to our execution of acquisition opportunities that further enhance our vertical integration strategy;
Divestitures decreased revenue by 0.2% due to our strategic decisions to divest low margin businesses in fiscal 2016.

Operating Expenses
The following table summarizes our operating expenses (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
$
236.4

 
61.7
%
 
$
215.8

 
60.2
%
 
$
461.7

 
63.2
%
 
$
425.8

 
61.5
%
Accretion of landfill retirement obligations
3.8

 
1.0
%
 
3.3

 
1.0
%
 
7.4

 
1.0
%
 
6.5

 
1.0
%
Operating expenses
$
240.2

 
62.7
%
 
$
219.1

 
61.2
%
 
$
469.1

 
64.2
%
 
$
432.3

 
62.5
%




22


Our operating expenses include the following:
 
Labor and related benefits, which consist of salaries and wages, health and welfare benefits, incentive compensation and payroll taxes;

Transfer and disposal costs which include tipping fees paid to third-party disposal facilities and transfer stations as well as transportation and subcontractor costs (which include costs for independent haulers who transport waste from transfer stations to our disposal facilities and costs for local operators who provide waste handling services associated with markets outside our standard operating areas);

Maintenance and repairs expenses which include labor, maintenance and repairs to our vehicles, equipment and containers;

Fuel costs which include the direct cost of fuel used by our vehicles, net of fuel tax credits;

Franchise fees and taxes which consist of municipal franchise fees, host community fees and royalties;

Risk management expenses which include casualty insurance premiums, claims payments, estimates for claims incurred but not reported and casualty losses;

Other expenses which include expenses such as facility operating costs, equipment rent, leachate and sulfate treatment and disposal, and other landfill maintenance costs;

Accretion expense related to landfill capping, closure and post-closure is included in operating expenses in our condensed consolidated statement of operations, but, it is excluded from the table below (refer to “Accretion of Landfill Retirement Obligations” for a detailed discussion of the changes in amounts).

The following table summarizes the major components of our operating expenses, excluding accretion expense on our landfill retirement obligations (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labor and related benefits
$
77.6

 
20.3
%
 
$
73.1

 
20.4
%
 
$
153.0

 
20.9
%
 
$
146.3

 
21.1
%
Transfer and disposal costs
54.1

 
14.1
%
 
48.0

 
13.4
%
 
101.7

 
13.9
%
 
93.6

 
13.5
%
Maintenance and repairs
34.7

 
9.1
%
 
33.1

 
9.2
%
 
67.9

 
9.3
%
 
65.2

 
9.4
%
Fuel
16.1

 
4.2
%
 
14.0

 
3.9
%
 
31.9

 
4.4
%
 
26.2

 
3.8
%
Franchise fees and taxes
18.1

 
4.7
%
 
17.0

 
4.7
%
 
32.4

 
4.4
%
 
31.6

 
4.6
%
Risk management
7.7

 
2.0
%
 
6.9

 
1.9
%
 
16.8

 
2.3
%
 
15.3

 
2.2
%
Other
28.1

 
7.3
%
 
23.7

 
6.7
%
 
52.6

 
7.2
%
 
47.6

 
6.9
%
Subtotal
$
236.4

 
61.7
%
 
$
215.8

 
60.2
%
 
$
456.3

 
62.5
%
 
$
425.8

 
61.5
%
Greentree expenses, net of estimated insurance recoveries

 
%
 

 
%
 
5.4

 
0.7
%
 

 
%
       Total operating expenses, excluding accretion expense
$
236.4

 
61.7
%
 
$
215.8

 
60.2
%
 
$
461.7

 
63.2
%
 
$
425.8

 
61.5
%
The cost categories shown above may not be comparable to similarly titled categories used by other companies. Thus, you should exercise caution when comparing our operating expenses by cost component to that of other companies.
Three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Operating expenses increased by $20.6 or 9.5% to $236.4 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $215.8 for the three months ended June 30, 2016. The change reflects the following:
 

23


Labor and related benefits increased by $4.5 or 6.2% to $77.6 which was primarily attributable to merit increases, acquisition activity, higher health care costs due to an increase in the severity and frequency of medical claims and higher workers' compensation costs due to less favorable actuarial development;

Transfer and disposal costs increased by $6.1 or 12.7% to $54.1 as a result of increased disposal volumes, acquisition activity, increased third party trucking costs, increased container weights and higher recycling rebates due to the increase in recycling commodity prices;

Maintenance and repairs expense increased by $1.6 or 4.8% to $34.7. The increase was driven by increased labor costs primarily attributable to merit increases, acquisition activity and higher health care costs;

Fuel costs increased $2.1 or 15.0% to $16.1 primarily resulting from increases in diesel fuel prices and the expiration of certain natural gas fuel excise tax credits as of December 31, 2016;

Franchise fees and taxes increased $1.1 or 6.5% to $18.1 primarily due to changes in the mix of waste in the South segment;

Risk management expense increased $0.8 or 11.6% to $7.7 primarily due to higher automobile and property insurance costs and less favorable actuarial development;

Other operating costs increased $4.4 or 18.6% to $28.1 due to an increase in maintenance costs related to landfill gas control, leachate and sulfate treatment and increased costs to operate an asphalt plant associated with a recent acquisition.
Six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Operating expenses increased by $35.9 or 8.4% to $461.7 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $425.8 for the six months ended June 30, 2016. The change reflects the following:
 
Labor and related benefits increased by $6.7 or 4.6% to $153.0 which was primarily attributable to merit increases, acquisition activity, higher health care costs due to an increase in the severity and frequency of medical claims and higher workers' compensation costs;

Transfer and disposal costs increased by $8.1 or 8.7% to $101.7 as a result of increased disposal volumes, acquisition activity, increased third party trucking costs, increased container weights and higher recycling rebates due to the increase in recycling commodity prices;

Maintenance and repairs expense increased by $2.5 or 3.8% to $67.9. The increase was driven by increased labor costs primarily attributable to merit increases, acquisition activity and higher health care costs;

Fuel costs increased $5.7 or 21.8% to $31.9 primarily resulting from increases in diesel fuel prices and the expiration of certain natural gas fuel excise tax credits as of December 31, 2016;

Franchise fees and taxes increased $0.8 or 2.5% to $32.4 primarily due to changes in the mix of waste in the South segment;

Risk management expense increased $1.5 or 9.8% to $16.8 primarily due to higher automobile and property insurance costs and less favorable actuarial development;

Other operating costs increased $5.0 or 10.5% to $52.6 primarily due to an increase in maintenance costs related to a landfill gas control system and increased costs to operate an asphalt plant associated with a recent acquisition;

We recorded $5.4 of costs, net of estimated insurance recoveries, associated with the Greentree landfill waste slide.
Accretion of Landfill Retirement Obligations
Accretion expense was $3.8 and $3.3 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The increase of $0.5 was primarily attributable to the assumption of post-closure responsibility at one of our landfills during the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and the acquisition of a landfill during the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Accretion expense was $7.4 and $6.5 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The increase of $0.9 was primarily attributable to the assumption of post-closure responsibility at one of our landfills during the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and the acquisition of a landfill during the

24


first quarter of fiscal 2017. For a discussion of factors affecting capping obligations, see the critical accounting policies in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Selling, General and Administrative
Selling, general and administrative expenses include salaries, legal and professional fees and other expenses. Salaries expenses include salaries and wages, health and welfare benefits and incentive compensation for corporate and field general management, field support functions, sales force, accounting and finance, legal, management information systems, and clerical and administrative departments. Other expenses include rent and office costs, fees for professional services provided by third parties, marketing, directors’ and officers’ insurance, general employee relocation, travel, entertainment and bank charges, but exclude any such amounts recorded as restructuring charges.
The following table provides the components of our selling, general and administrative expenses for the periods indicated (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue):

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries
$
25.5

 
6.7
%
 
$
25.7

 
7.2
%
 
$
55.0

 
7.5
%
 
$
50.8

 
7.3
%
Legal and professional
2.7

 
0.7
%
 
2.3

 
0.6
%
 
5.9

 
0.8
%
 
12.1

 
1.7
%
Other
12.4

 
3.2
%
 
11.2

 
3.1
%
 
24.8

 
3.4
%
 
21.2

 
3.2
%
Total selling, general and administrative expenses
$
40.6

 
10.6
%
 
$
39.2

 
10.9
%
 
$
85.7

 
11.7
%
 
$
84.1

 
12.2
%

Three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Our salaries expenses decreased by $0.2 or 0.8% to $25.5 primarily due to a reduction in bonus accruals of $1.4 and a decrease in stock based compensation expense of $0.8. Stock based compensation expense decreased as our annual stock options were issued during the first quarter in fiscal 2017 compared to the second quarter in fiscal 2016 and these options vest 20% on the date of grant resulting in 20% of stock compensation expense being recorded on the date of grant. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in wages and benefits of $2.1 primarily due to merit increases and higher severance expense.
Legal and professional fees increased $0.4 or 17.4% to $2.7 primarily due to an increase in professional fees associated with internal projects.
Other selling, general and administrative expenses increased $1.2 or 10.7% to $12.4 primarily due to increased bad debt expense, increased software maintenance cost and increased bank processing charges.
Six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Our salaries expenses increased by $4.2 or 8.3% to $55.0 primarily attributable to a $3.0 increase in stock based compensation expense due to our compensation structure shifting more towards equity based compensation and the impact of initial public offering related awards and an increase in wages and benefits of $3.0 as a result of merit increases, higher severance expense and higher healthcare costs. These increases were partially offset by lower bonus accruals of $1.8.
Legal and professional fees decreased $6.2 or 51.2% to $5.9 primarily due to $7.1 of expenses incurred during the six months ended June 30, 2016 related to the launch of the initial public offering process that was not completed that did not recur in the six months ended June 30, 2017. This decrease was partially offset by $0.7 of costs associated with being a public company.
Other selling, general and administrative expenses increased $3.6 or 17.0% to $24.8 primarily due to increased bad debt expense, increased software maintenance cost, increased bank processing charges and various other costs.



25


Depreciation and Amortization
The following table summarizes the components of depreciation and amortization expense by asset type (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue). For a detailed discussion of depreciation and amortization by asset type refer to the discussion included in the following two sections herein.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017

2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation, amortization and depletion of property and equipment
$
57.1

 
14.9
%
 
$
53.7

 
15.0
%
 
$
108.1

 
14.8
%
 
$
103.7

 
15.0
%
Amortization of other intangible assets
10.4

 
2.7
%
 
10.9

 
3.0
%
 
20.8

 
2.8
%
 
21.7

 
3.1
%
Depreciation and amortization
$
67.5

 
17.6
%
 
$
64.6

 
18.0
%
 
$
128.9

 
17.6
%
 
$
125.4

 
18.1
%
Depreciation, Amortization and Depletion of Property and Equipment
Depreciation, amortization and depletion expense includes depreciation of fixed assets over the estimated useful life of the assets using the straight-line method, and amortization and depletion of landfill airspace assets under the units-of-consumption method. Refer to the footnotes to the consolidated financial statements in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K for a further discussion of our accounting policies.
The following table summarizes depreciation, amortization and depletion of property and equipment for the periods indicated (in millions and as a percentage of our revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
$
33.4

 
8.7
%
 
$
31.8

 
8.9
%
 
$
65.9

 
9.0
%
 
$
63.4

 
9.2
%
Landfill depletion and amortization
23.7

 
6.2
%
 
21.9

 
6.1
%
 
42.2

 
5.8
%
 
40.3

 
5.8
%
Depreciation, amortization and depletion of property and equipment
$
57.1

 
14.9
%
 
$
53.7

 
15.0
%
 
$
108.1

 
14.8
%
 
$
103.7

 
15.0
%

Three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment increased $2.6 or 8.2% to $33.4 due mainly to acquisition activity.
Landfill depletion and amortization increased $1.8 or 8.2% to $23.7 due to acquisition activity.

Six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to 2016
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment increased $2.5 or 3.9% to $65.9 due mainly to acquisition activity.
Landfill depletion and amortization increased $1.9 or 4.7% to $42.2 due to acquisition activity.
Amortization of Other Intangible Assets
Amortization of other intangible assets was $10.4 and $10.9 or as a percentage of revenue, 2.7% and 3.0%, for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The decrease in amortization expense is attributable to certain intangible assets becoming fully amortized partially offset by increased acquisition activity in the current year. Amortization of other intangible assets was $20.8 and $21.7 or as a percentage of revenue, 2.8% and 3.1%, for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016,

26


respectively. The decrease in amortization expense is attributable to certain intangible assets becoming fully amortized partially offset by increased acquisition activity in the current year.
Acquisitions and Divestitures
In the ordinary course of our business, we regularly evaluate and pursue acquisition opportunities that further enhance our vertical integration strategy. We also regularly evaluate our current operations and consider divesting of those operations that do not provide us with an acceptable profit margin.

We completed eight acquisitions during the six months ended June 30, 2017 for a cash purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $84.3 and notes payable of $1.6, subject to net working capital adjustments, which we expect to be completed within approximately one year. Six acquisitions were completed during the six months ended June 30, 2016 for a cash purchase price of $4.9 and notes payable of $0.3. The results of operations of each acquisition are included in our condensed consolidated statements of operations subsequent to the closing date of each acquisition.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, we divested of our collection services operation in Charlotte, North Carolina for consideration received of $8.7. A $1.4 gain on the sale of that business is included in our statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.
Intangible Asset Impairment
The Company has collection operations in South Carolina which operated in a competitor-owned disposal market that does not align with the Company's long-term market strategy of vertically integrated operations with Company owned disposal sites or marketplace neutral disposal sites. During April of fiscal 2017, changes in facts and circumstances led the Company to evaluate the long-term market for South Carolina collection operations and re-evaluate the expected cash flows provided by this market. The Company determined it appropriate to impair certain intangible assets that were recorded as part of the purchase accounting when these entities were acquired. Based on the Company's evaluation, the Company recorded an intangible asset impairment of $13.0 during the second quarter of 2017.

Other, Net
Changes in the fair value and settlements of derivative instruments are recorded in other (expense) income, net in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and amounted to losses of $2.0 and $0.7 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Changes in the fair value and settlements of derivative instruments amounted to losses of $3.3 and $1.3 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Income from equity investee for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively was $0.2 and $0.5. Income from equity investee for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively was $0.6 and $1.1.

Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased by $11.1 or 32.4% to $23.1 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 from $34.2 for the three months ended June 30, 2016. Interest expense decreased by $23.0 or 33.5% to $45.6 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $68.6 for the six months ended June 30, 2016. The decreases were due to the benefit from lower debt levels as a result of paying down debt with our initial public offering proceeds and lower interest rates due to refinancing our debt structure in November of fiscal 2016. See Note 12, Long Term Debt, to our audited consolidated financial statements included in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further details on our debt refinancing.
Cash paid for interest was $27.6 and $40.4 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Cash paid for interest was $42.4 and $58.2 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Income Taxes
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was 33.3% and 90.5%, respectively. We evaluate our effective income tax rate at each interim period and adjust it accordingly as facts and circumstances warrant. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2017 is materially consistent with the federal statutory rate of 35%. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to the unfavorable impact of permanently non-deductible

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expenses included in stock based compensation. These items had a greater impact on the Company’s effective income tax rate during the three months ended June 30, 2016 than in comparable prior periods due to the Company’s pre-tax earnings being near break-even for the three month period ending June 30, 2016.
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was 40.0% and 26.7%, respectively. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily due to the favorable impact of recorded valuation allowance and the favorable impact of state and local taxes. The difference between income taxes computed at the federal statutory rate of 35% and reported income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to the unfavorable impact of the change in recorded valuation allowance.
Cash paid for income taxes (net of refunds) was $0.3 and $1.2 for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Cash paid for income taxes (net of refunds) was $0.6 and $1.3 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.



















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