Attached files

file filename
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.hcciex311q22017.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.hcciex322q22017.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.hcciex321q22017.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.hcciex312q22017.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.boahccfirstamendmenttocr.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended
June 17, 2017
 
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from _________________to _________________

Commission File Number 001-33987

logoa09.jpg

HERITAGE-CRYSTAL CLEAN, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
26-0351454
State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation
 
Identification No.)

2175 Point Boulevard
Suite 375
Elgin, IL 60123
(Address of principal executive offices)  (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (847) 836-5670

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes x No o


1



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” "smaller reporting company," and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
 
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company   o
 
 
 
Emerging growth company   o
If an emerging growth company,  indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No x

On July 24, 2017, there were outstanding 22,614,700 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, of Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.




2



Table of Contents



3



PART I

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands, Except Share and Par Value Amounts)
 
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
25,242

 
$
36,610

Accounts receivable - net
 
44,343

 
47,533

Inventory - net
 
18,862

 
18,558

Other current assets
 
6,448

 
6,094

Total Current Assets
 
94,895

 
108,795

Property, plant and equipment - net
 
129,540

 
131,175

Equipment at customers - net
 
23,117

 
23,033

Software and intangible assets - net
 
18,344

 
19,821

Goodwill
 
31,573

 
31,483

Total Assets
 
$
297,469

 
$
314,307

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 

Current Liabilities:
 
 
 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
28,861

 
$
30,984

Current maturities of long-term debt
 

 
6,936

Accrued salaries, wages, and benefits
 
5,177

 
6,312

Taxes payable
 
7,474

 
6,729

Other current liabilities
 
2,237

 
3,245

Total Current Liabilities
 
43,749

 
54,206

  Long-term debt, less current maturities
 
28,582

 
56,518

   Deferred income taxes
 
10,821

 
5,314

Total Liabilities
 
$
83,152

 
$
116,038

 
 
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
 
 
 
 

Common stock - 26,000,000 shares authorized at $0.01 par value, 22,604,189 and 22,300,007 shares issued and outstanding at June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
 
$
226

 
$
223

Additional paid-in capital
 
188,642

 
185,099

Retained earnings
 
24,934

 
12,227

Total Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
213,802

 
197,549

Noncontrolling interest
 
515

 
720

Total Equity
 
$
214,317

 
$
198,269

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
$
297,469

 
$
314,307

 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.

4



Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(In Thousands, Except per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


 
 
 
Second Quarter Ended,
 
First Half Ended,
 
 
 
June 17,
2017
 
June 18,
2016
 
June 17,
2017
 
June 18,
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
31,832

 
$
24,695

 
$
58,812

 
$
48,399

 
Service revenues
 
54,550

 
55,857

 
108,023

 
110,606

Total revenues
 
$
86,382

 
$
80,552

 
$
166,835

 
$
159,005

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs
 
$
63,270

 
$
61,711

 
$
124,560

 
$
125,959

 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
10,575

 
11,521

 
22,916

 
23,729

 
Depreciation and amortization
 
4,184

 
4,118

 
8,316

 
8,246

 
Other (income) - net
 
(3,027
)
 
(142
)
 
(8,033
)
 
(201
)
Operating income
 
11,380

 
3,344

 
19,076

 
1,272

Interest expense – net
 
412

 
451

 
499

 
969

Income before income taxes
 
10,968

 
2,893

 
18,577

 
303

Provision for income taxes
 
3,982

 
1,062

 
6,774

 
197

Net income
 
6,986

 
1,831

 
11,803

 
106

Income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
52

 

 
105

 
42

Net income attributable to Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. common stockholders
 
$
6,934

 
$
1,831

 
$
11,698

 
$
64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share: basic
 
$
0.31

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.52

 
$

Net income per share: diluted
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.51

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of weighted average shares outstanding: basic
 
22,506

 
22,246

 
22,430

 
22,236

Number of weighted average shares outstanding: diluted
 
22,832

 
22,419

 
22,729

 
22,392


 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.



5



Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
(In Thousands, Except Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


 
Shares
 
Par
Value
Common
 
Additional Paidin
Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Total Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
22,300,007

 
$
223

 
$
185,099

 
$
12,227

 
$
197,549

 
$
720

 
$
198,269

   Adjustment adopting ASU 2016-09

 

 

 
1,009

 
1,009

 

 
1,009

   Net income

 

 

 
11,698

 
11,698

 
105

 
11,803

   Distribution

 

 

 

 

 
(310
)
 
(310
)
     Issuance of common stock – ESPP
14,367

 

 
197

 

 
197

 

 
197

     Exercise of stock options
216,253

 
2

 
2,355

 

 
2,357

 

 
2,357

     Share-based compensation
73,562

 
1

 
991

 

 
992

 

 
992

Balance at June 17, 2017
22,604,189

 
$
226

 
$
188,642

 
$
24,934

 
$
213,802

 
$
515

 
$
214,317

 

 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.



6



Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
 
For the First Half Ended,
 
 
June 17,
2017
 
June 18,
2016
Cash flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
11,803

 
$
106

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 


 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
8,316

 
8,246

Non-cash inventory impairment
 

 
1,651

Bad debt provision
 
(6
)
 
361

Share-based compensation
 
992

 
746

Deferred taxes
 
6,506

 
117

Amortization of deferred gain on lease conversion
 

 
(189
)
Other, net
 
991

 
324

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

 
 

   Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable
 
3,184

 
(1,895
)
   (Increase) decrease in inventory
 
(304
)
 
1,598

   (Increase) in other current assets
 
(356
)
 
(1,768
)
   (Decrease) increase in accounts payable
 
(1,771
)
 
2,620

   (Decrease) increase in accrued expenses
 
(1,443
)
 
2,474

Cash provided by operating activities
 
$
27,912

 
$
14,391

 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from Investing Activities:
 
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
 
$
(6,333
)
 
$
(8,671
)
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 

 
(2,400
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant, and equipment
 
54

 

Cash used in investing activities
 
$
(6,279
)
 
$
(11,071
)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from Financing Activities:
 
 

 
 

Payments on Term loan
 
$
(64,195
)
 
$
(1,704
)
Proceeds from new Term Loan
 
30,000

 

Proceeds under revolving credit facility
 
4,000

 

Payments of revolving credit facility
 
(4,000
)
 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options
 
2,357

 

Proceeds from the issuance of common stock
 
197

 
222

Payments of debt issuance costs
 
(1,050
)
 

Distributions to noncontrolling interest
 
(310
)
 
(121
)
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities
 
$
(33,001
)
 
$
(1,603
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
(11,368
)
 
1,717

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
 
36,610

 
23,608

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
25,242

 
$
25,325

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 

 
 

Income taxes paid
 
$
208

 
$
242

Cash paid for interest
 
733

 
956

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash information:
 
 

 
 

Payables for construction in progress
 
$
514

 
$
284


See accompanying notes to financial statements.

7



HERITAGE-CRYSTAL CLEAN, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

June 17, 2017

(1)    ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc., a Delaware corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”), provide parts cleaning, hazardous and non-hazardous containerized waste, used oil collection, vacuum, antifreeze recycling and field services primarily to small and mid-sized industrial and vehicle maintenance customers. The Company owns and operates a used oil re-refinery where it re-refines used oils and sells high quality base oil for lubricants as well as other re-refinery products.  The Company also has multiple locations where it dehydrates used oil. The oil processed at these locations is sold as recycled fuel oil. The company also operates multiple wastewater treatment plants and antifreeze recycling facilities at which it produces virgin-quality antifreeze. The Company's locations are in the United States and Ontario, Canada. The Company conducts its primary business operations through Heritage-Crystal Clean, LLC, its wholly owned subsidiary, and all intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

The Company’s fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31. The most recent fiscal year ended on December 31, 2016.  Each of the Company's first three fiscal quarters consists of twelve weeks while the last fiscal quarter consists of sixteen or seventeen weeks.  

In the Company's Environmental Services segment, product revenues include sales of solvent, machines, absorbent, accessories, and antifreeze; service revenues include servicing of parts cleaning machines, drum waste removal services, vacuum truck services, field services, and other services.  In the Company's Oil Business segment, product revenues include sales of re-refined base oil, recycled fuel oil, used oil, and other products; service revenues include revenues from used oil collection activities, collecting and disposing of waste water and removal and disposal of used oil filters. Due to the Company's integrated business model, it is impracticable to separately present costs of tangible products and costs of services.



8



2)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. There have been no material changes in these policies or their application.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Standard
 
Issuance Date
 
Description
 
Our Effective Date
 
Effect on the Financial Statements
ASU 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” ASU 2014-15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” ASU 2016-08 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net),” ASU 2016-10 “ Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing,” and ASU 2016-12 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients”

 
May 2014 and subsequent

 
These standards outline a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue using a five-step process that supersedes virtually all existing revenue guidance. The underlying principle is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Entities have the option of using either a full retrospective approach or a modified retrospective approach to adopt the guidance. Early adoption is permitted.

 
December 31, 2017
 
The Company is continuing to evaluate the effect that this accounting standard will have on our consolidated financial position and results of operations. To date, certain personnel have attended technical training concerning this new revenue recognition standard. The Company is working to identify each of the different types of contracts with customers and the various performance obligations associated with each type of contract. The Company is also assessing the changes that will be necessary to our information systems to enable us to capture the information necessary to recognize revenue in accordance with the new standard and comply with the additional disclosure requirements. The guidance permits two methods of adoption: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (the full retrospective approach), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance recognized at the date of initial application (the modified retrospective approach). The Company will adopt the standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and currently anticipates applying the modified retrospective approach.

ASU 2016-02
Leases
(Topic 842)
 
February 2016
 
This update was issued to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. Early application of the amendments in this update is permitted for all entities.
 
January 4, 2019
 
The Company is currently evaluating the effect that implementation of this update will have on its consolidated financial position and results of operations.






9



Recently issued accounting standards adopted
Standard
 
Issuance Date
 
Description
 
Effective Date
 
Effect on the Financial Statements
ASU 2016-09 Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting.  
(Topic 718)
 
March 2016
 
This update addresses the simplification of accounting for employee share-based payment transactions as it pertains to income taxes, the classification of awards as equity or liabilities, accounting for forfeitures, statutory tax withholding requirements, and certain classifications on the statement of cash flows. Early adoption is permitted.
 
January 1, 2017
 
ASU 2016-09 simplified the treatment for employee share-based compensation by allowing an entity to recognize excess tax benefits in the current period whether or not current taxes payable are reduced. Prior to 2017 the Company could not recognize windfall tax benefits associated with employee share-based compensation because it was in an NOL position and current taxes payable would not be reduced by the excess tax benefits. As a result of ASU 2016-09 the Company recognized excess tax benefits of $2.5 million from share-based compensation from prior years, resulting in cumulative-effect increases to retained earnings and deferred tax assets of approximately $1.0 million.

ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory. (Topic 330)
 
July 2015
 
This update requires the measurement of inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation.
 
January 1, 2017
 
The adoption of ASU 2015-11 at the start of fiscal 2017 resulted in no impact to our consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2014-15 Presentation of Financial Statements - Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern.
(Subtopic 205-40)
 
August 2014
 
This update provides guidance about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. Early adoption is permitted.
 
December 31, 2016
 
The adoption of ASU 2015-03 in fiscal 2016 resulted in no impact to our consolidated financial statements.
2015-03
Interest—Imputation of Interest: Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, and 2015-15 Interest—Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30)
 
April 2015
 
These updates require debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the associated debt, and allows for the presentation of debt issuance costs as an asset regardless of whether or not there is an outstanding balance on the line-of-credit arrangement.
 
January 3, 2016
 
The adoption of ASU 2015-03 resulted in the reclassification of $1.4 million of unamortized debt issuance costs from "Other current assets" to "Term loan, less current maturities" as of January 2, 2016.

10



2015-16 Business Combinations: Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments (Topic 805)
 
September 2015
 
This update simplifies the accounting for measurement-period adjustments in a business combination by requiring the acquirer to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined. The acquirer is also required to record in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization, and other items resulting from the change to the provisional amounts.
 
January 3, 2016
 
The Company early adopted the amendments of this ASU No. 2015-16 in fiscal 2015 and it did not have an impact on our consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

(3)    BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

On December 2, 2016, the Company purchased the assets of Recycle Engine Coolant, Inc. ("REC"). The purchase price for the acquisition was $0.7 million, including $0.1 million placed into escrow. The Company purchased the assets of REC in order to expand its antifreeze recycling capabilities.

On March 24, 2016, the Company purchased the assets of Phoenix Environmental Services, Inc. and Pipeline Video and Cleaning North Corporation (together "Phoenix Environmental"). The purchase price for the acquisition was $2.7 million, including $0.3 million placed into escrow. The Company purchased the assets of Phoenix Environmental in order to expand its service coverage area into the Pacific Northwest. During the measurement period, the Company made adjustments to the provisional amounts reported as the estimated fair values of assets acquired as part of the Phoenix Environmental business combination. Compared to the provisional value reported as of December 31, 2016, the fair values presented in the table below reflect a decrease to accounts receivable of $12 thousand, a decrease to property, plant, & equipment of $77 thousand, and an increase to goodwill of $89 thousand. Factors leading to goodwill being recognized are the Company's expectations of synergies from integrating Phoenix Environmental into the Company as well as the value of intangible assets that are not separately recognized, such as assembled workforce.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, net of cash acquired, related to each acquisition:

(Thousands) 
Phoenix Environmental
 
REC
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
$
260

 
$
80

Inventory
27

 
56

Property, plant, & equipment
398

 
457

Equipment at customers
38

 

Intangible assets
700

 
132

Goodwill
1,245

 

Total purchase price, net of cash acquired
$
2,668

 
$
725



11



(4)    ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

Accounts receivable consisted of the following:

(Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Trade
 
$
44,682

 
$
42,332

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts
 
1,843

 
2,176

Trade - net
 
42,839

 
40,156

Related parties
 
814

 
1,324

Other
 
690

 
6,053

Total accounts receivable - net
 
$
44,343

 
$
47,533


The following table provides the changes in the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts for the first half ended June 17, 2017 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016:
 
 
For the First Half Ended,
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended,
(Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Balance at beginning of period
 
$
2,176

 
$
2,207

Provision for bad debts
 
(6
)
 
687

Accounts written off, net of recoveries
 
(327
)
 
(718
)
Balance at end of period
 
$
1,843

 
$
2,176



12




(5)    INVENTORY

The carrying value of inventory consisted of the following:
 (Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Used oil and processed oil
 
$
5,815

 
$
5,493

Solvents and solutions
 
5,692

 
5,014

Drums and supplies
 
3,562

 
3,790

Machines
 
2,517

 
2,576

Other
 
1,639

 
1,899

Total inventory
 
19,225

 
18,772

Less: machine refurbishing reserve
 
363

 
214

Total inventory - net
 
$
18,862

 
$
18,558

 
Inventory consists primarily of used oil, processed oil, solvents and solutions, new and refurbished parts cleaning machines, drums and supplies, and other items. Inventories are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost or market, net of any reserves for excess, obsolete, or unsalable inventory. The Company routinely monitors its inventory levels at each of its locations and evaluates inventories for excess or slow-moving items. If circumstances indicate the cost of inventories exceed their recoverable value, inventories are reduced to net realizable value. The Company had no inventory write downs during the second quarter of 2017, compared to a write down of $0.2 million in the second quarter of 2016. There were no inventory write-downs for the first half of fiscal 2017 and $1.7 million of inventory write-downs the first half of fiscal 2016.


(6)    PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant, and equipment consisted of the following:
 (Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Machinery, vehicles, and equipment
 
$
79,018

 
$
78,592

Buildings and storage tanks
 
69,136

 
69,977

Land
 
10,366

 
10,363

Leasehold improvements
 
4,946

 
4,876

Construction in progress
 
11,914

 
8,646

Assets held for sale
 
61

 
177

Total property, plant and equipment
 
175,441

 
172,631

Less: accumulated depreciation
 
(45,901
)
 
(41,456
)
Property, plant and equipment - net
 
$
129,540

 
$
131,175

 
 
 
 
 
 (Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Equipment at customers
 
$
65,663

 
$
63,502

Less: accumulated depreciation
 
(42,546
)
 
(40,469
)
Equipment at customers - net
 
$
23,117

 
$
23,033


Depreciation expense for both second quarters ended June 17, 2017 and June 18, 2016 was $3.4 million. Depreciation expense for the first half ended June 17, 2017, and the first half ended June 18, 2016 was $6.8 million and $6.7 million, respectively.

13




(7) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill is measured as a residual amount as of the acquisition date, which in most cases results in measuring goodwill as an excess of the purchase consideration transferred plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree over the fair value of the net assets acquired, including any contingent consideration. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter and in interim periods if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. The Company's determination of fair value requires certain assumptions and estimates, such as margin expectations, market conditions, growth expectations, expected changes in working capital, etc., regarding expected future profitability and expected future cash flows. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at each of its two reporting units, Environmental Services and Oil Business, and the Company does not aggregate reporting units for purposes of impairment testing.


The following table shows changes to our goodwill balances by segment from December 31, 2016, to June 17, 2017:
(Thousands) 
 
Oil Business
 
Environmental Services
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goodwill at January 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Gross carrying amount
 
$
3,952

 
$
30,325

 
$
34,277

     Accumulated impairment loss
 
(3,952
)
 

 
(3,952
)
Net book value at January 2, 2016
 
$

 
$
30,325

 
$
30,325

Acquisitions
 

 
1,158

 
1,158

Goodwill at December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Gross carrying amount
 
3,952

 
31,483

 
35,435

     Accumulated impairment loss
 
(3,952
)
 

 
(3,952
)
Net book value at December 31, 2016
 
$

 
$
31,483

 
$
31,483

Measurement period adjustments
 

 
90

 

Goodwill at June 17, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Gross carrying amount
 
3,952

 
31,573

 
35,525

     Accumulated impairment loss
 
(3,952
)
 

 
(3,952
)
Net book value at June 17, 2017
 
$

 
$
31,573

 
$
31,573


Following is a summary of software and other intangible assets:
 
 
June 17, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
(Thousands) 
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Amount
Customer & supplier relationships
 
$
23,050

 
$
7,763

 
$
15,287

 
$
23,045

 
$
6,682

 
$
16,363

Software
 
4,604

 
3,768

 
836

 
4,573

 
3,655

 
918

Non-compete agreements
 
2,937

 
2,381

 
556

 
2,934

 
2,180

 
754

Patents, formulae, and licenses
 
1,769

 
607

 
1,162

 
1,769

 
576

 
1,193

Other
 
1,348

 
845

 
503

 
1,348

 
755

 
593

Total software and intangible assets
 
$
33,708

 
$
15,364

 
$
18,344

 
$
33,669

 
$
13,848

 
$
19,821


Amortization expense was $0.8 million for the second quarter ended June 17, 2017 and $0.7 million for second quarter ended June 18, 2016. Amortization expense was $1.5 million for the first half ended June 17, 2017 and $1.5 million for the first half ended June 18, 2016. The weighted average useful lives of software; customer & supplier relationships; patents, formulae, and licenses; non-compete agreements, and other intangibles were 9 years, 10 years, 15 years, 5 years, and 6 years, respectively.

14




The expected amortization expense for the remainder of fiscal 2017 and for fiscal years 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021 is $1.7 million, $3.0 million, $2.6 million, $2.5 million, and $2.4 million, respectively. The preceding expected amortization expense is an estimate. Actual amounts of amortization expense may differ from estimated amounts due to additional intangible asset acquisitions, disposal of intangible assets, accelerated amortization of intangible assets, and other events.

(8)    DEBT AND FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

Bank Credit Facility

On February 21, 2017, the Company entered into a new Credit Agreement ("Credit Agreement") replacing the prior Credit Agreement ("Prior Credit Agreement") dated as of June 29, 2015. The Credit Agreement provides for borrowings of up to $95.0 million, subject to the satisfaction of certain terms and conditions, comprised of a term loan of $30.0 million and up to $65.0 million of borrowings under the revolving loan portion. The actual amount of borrowings available under the revolving loan portion of the Credit Agreement is limited by the Company's total leverage ratio. The amount available to draw at any point in time would be further reduced by any standby letters of credit issued.

Loans made under the New Credit Agreement may be Base Rate Loans or LIBOR Rate Loans, at the election of the Company subject to certain exceptions. Base Rate Loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the higher of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, (b) the London Interbank Offering Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1%, or (c) Bank of America's prime rate, plus (ii) a variable margin of between 0.75% and 1.75% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio, calculated on a consolidated basis. LIBOR rate loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the LIBOR rate plus (ii) a variable margin of between 1.75% and 2.75% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio. Amounts borrowed under the New Credit Agreement are secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company's tangible and intangible assets. In June 2017, the Company entered into a First Amendment to the Credit Agreement that expands the Company's ability to make dispositions without bank group approval.

As of the Effective date of February 21, 2017, the effective interest rate on the term loan was 3.28% and the effective rate on the revolving loan was 3.28%.
The Credit Agreement contains customary terms and provisions (including representations, covenants, and conditions) for transactions of this type. Certain covenants, among other things, restrict the Company's and its subsidiaries' ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, make investments and sell assets. The Credit Agreement also contains customary events of default, covenants and representations and warranties. Financial covenants include:

An interest coverage ratio (based on interest expense and EBITDA) of at least 3.5 to 1.0;

A total leverage ratio no greater than 3.0 to 1.0, provided that in the event of a permitted acquisition having an aggregate consideration equal to $10.0 million or more, at the Borrower’s election, the foregoing 3.00 to 1.00 shall be deemed to be 3.25 to 1.00 for the fiscal quarter in which such permitted acquisition occurs and the three immediately following fiscal quarters and will thereafter revert to 3.00 to 1.00; and

A capital expenditures covenant limiting capital expenditures to $100.0 million plus, if the capital expenditures permitted have been fully utilized, an additional amount for the remaining term of the Credit Agreement equal to 35% of EBITDA for the thirteen “four-week” periods most recently ended immediately prior to the full utilization of such $100.0 million basket

The Credit Agreement places certain limitations on acquisitions and the payment of dividends.
During the first half of fiscal 2017, the Company paid and capitalized $1.1 million of debt issuance costs pertaining to the New Credit Agreement and charged $0.2 million of unamortized debt issuance costs pertaining to the Prior Credit Agreement to selling, general, and administrative expenses.

Debt at June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016 consisted of the following:

15



(thousands)
 
June 17, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Principal amount
 
$
30,000

 
$
64,195

Less: unamortized debt issuance costs
 
1,418

 
741

Debt less unamortized debt issuance costs
 
$
28,582

 
$
63,454



During the second quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company recorded interest of $0.4 million on the term loan. During the first half of fiscal 2017, the Company recorded interest of $0.9 million on the term loan.

During the second quarter of fiscal 2016, the Company recorded interest of $0.5 million on the Prior Credit Agreement term loans and capitalized less than $0.1 million for various capital projects. During the first half of fiscal 2016, the Company recorded interest of $1.0 million on the term loan, of which less than $0.1 million was capitalized for various capital projects. The Company's weighted average interest rate for all debt as of June 17, 2017 and June 18, 2016 was 3.8%.

As of June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under both credit agreements. As of June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had $2.4 million and $3.0 million of standby letters of credit issued, respectively, and $62.6 million and $27.6 million was available for borrowing under the revolving credit facility, respectively. We believe that the carrying value of our new debt balance at June 17, 2017 approximates fair value.


(9)    SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company reports in two segments: "Environmental Services" and "Oil Business." The Environmental Services segment consists of the Company's parts cleaning, containerized waste management, vacuum truck service, antifreeze recycling activities, and field services. The Oil Business segment consists primarily of the Company's used oil collection, used oil re-refining activities, and the dehydration of used oil to be sold as recycled fuel oil.

No single customer in either segment accounted for more than 10.0% of consolidated revenues in any of the periods presented. There were no intersegment revenues.
        
Operating segment results for the second quarters ended June 17, 2017, and June 18, 2016 were as follows:

16



Second Quarter Ended,
June 17, 2017
 
(Thousands)
 

Environmental
Services
 
Oil Business
 
Corporate and
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
5,868

 
$
25,964

 
$

 
$
31,832

 
Service revenues
 
49,225

 
5,325

 

 
54,550

Total revenues
 
$
55,093

 
$
31,289

 
$

 
$
86,382

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs
 
36,601
 
26,669
 

 
63,270

 
Operating depreciation and amortization
 
1,801

 
1,535

 

 
3,336

Profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
$
16,691

 
$
3,085

 
$

 
$
19,776

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
10,575
 
10,575

Depreciation and amortization from SG&A
 
 
 
 
 
848
 
848

Total selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
$
11,423

 
$
11,423

Other (income) - net
 
 
 
 
 
(3,027)
 
(3,027)

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11,380

Interest expense – net
 
 
 
 
 
412
 
412

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
10,968


Second Quarter Ended,
June 18, 2016
 
(Thousands)
 

Environmental
Services
 
Oil Business
 
Corporate and
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
5,106

 
$
19,589

 
$

 
$
24,695

 
Service revenues
 
47,331

 
8,526

 

 
55,857

Total revenues
 
$
52,437

 
$
28,115

 
$

 
$
80,552

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs
 
35,631

 
26,080

 

 
61,711

 
Operating depreciation and amortization
 
1,710

 
1,591

 

 
3,301

Profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
$
15,096

 
$
444

 
$

 
$
15,540

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
11,521

 
11,521

Depreciation and amortization from SG&A
 
 
 
 
 
817

 
817

Total selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
$
12,338

 
$
12,338

Other (income) - net
 
 
 
 
 
(142)

 
(142)

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3,344

Interest expense – net
 
 
 
 
 
451

 
451

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,893




17



First Half Ended,
June 17, 2017
 
(Thousands)
 

Environmental
Services
 
Oil Business
 
Corporate and
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
11,592

 
$
47,220

 
$

 
$
58,812

 
Service revenues
 
96,716

 
11,307

 

 
108,023

Total revenues
 
$
108,308

 
$
58,527

 
$

 
$
166,835

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs
 
73,121

 
51,439

 

 
124,560

 
Operating depreciation and amortization
 
3,547

 
3,070

 

 
6,617

Profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
$
31,640

 
$
4,018

 
$

 
$
35,658

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
22,916

 
22,916

Depreciation and amortization from SG&A
 
 
 
 
 
1,699
 
1,699

Total selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
$
24,615

 
$
24,615

Other (income) - net
 
 
 
 
 
(8,033)

 
(8,033)

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19,076

Interest expense – net
 
 
 
 
 
499

 
499

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
18,577


First Half Ended,
June 18, 2016
 
(Thousands)
 

Environmental
Services
 
Oil Business
 
Corporate and
Eliminations
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
10,135

 
$
38,264

 
$

 
$
48,399

 
Service revenues
 
94,663

 
15,943

 

 
110,606

Total revenues
 
$
104,798

 
$
54,207

 
$

 
$
159,005

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs
 
72,436

 
53,523

 

 
125,959

 
Operating depreciation and amortization
 
3,424

 
3,171

 

 
6,595

Profit (loss) before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
$
28,938

 
$
(2,487
)
 
$

 
$
26,451

Selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
23,729

 
23,729

Depreciation and amortization from SG&A
 
 
 
 
 
1,651

 
1,651

Total selling, general, and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
$
25,380

 
$
25,380

Other (income) - net
 
 
 
 
 
(201)

 
(201)

Operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,272

Interest expense – net
 
 
 
 
 
969

 
969

Income before income taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
303



Total assets by segment as of June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were as follows:

18



(Thousands)
 
June 17, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Total Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Services
 
$
130,944

 
$
129,506

 
Oil Business
 
128,596

 
135,323

 
Unallocated Corporate Assets
 
37,929

 
49,478

 
 
Total
 
$
297,469

 
$
314,307


Segment assets for the Environmental Services and Oil Business segments consist of property, plant, and equipment, intangible assets, accounts receivable, goodwill, and inventories. Assets for the corporate unallocated amounts consist of property, plant, and equipment used at the corporate headquarters, as well as cash and net deferred tax assets.


19



(10)    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company may enter into purchase obligations with certain vendors. They represent expected payments to third party service providers and other commitments entered into during the normal course of our business. These purchase obligations are generally cancelable with or without notice, without penalty, although certain vendor agreements provide for cancellation fees or penalties depending on the terms of the contract.

The Company has purchase obligations in the form of open purchase orders of $16.7 million as of June 17, 2017, and $9.7 million as of December 31, 2016, primarily for used oil, solvent, machine purchases, disposal and transportation expenses, and capital expenditures.

The Company may be subject to investigations, claims or lawsuits as a result of operating its business, including matters governed by environmental laws and regulations.  The Company may also be subject to tax audits in a variety of jurisdictions. When claims are asserted, the Company evaluates the likelihood that a loss will occur and records a liability for those instances when the likelihood is deemed probable and the exposure is reasonably estimable.  The Company carries insurance at levels it believes are adequate to cover loss contingencies based on historical claims activity.  When the potential loss exposure is limited to the insurance deductible and the likelihood of loss is determined to be probable, the Company accrues for the amount of the required deductible, unless a lower amount of exposure is estimated. As of June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had accrued $5.6 million and $5.5 million related to loss contingencies and other contingent liabilities, respectively.

(11)    INCOME TAXES
 
The Company deducted for federal income tax purposes accelerated "bonus" depreciation on the majority of its capital expenditures for assets placed in service in fiscal 2011 through fiscal 2015. Therefore, the Company recorded a noncurrent deferred tax liability to reflect difference between the book basis and the tax basis of those assets. In addition, as a result of the federal bonus depreciation, the Company recorded a Net Operating Loss ("NOL") of $44.7 million in fiscal 2011, which will begin to expire in 2031. The NOL as of June 17, 2017 was $32.9 million, and the remaining deferred tax asset related to the Company’s state and federal NOL was a tax effected balance of $12.5 million.

ASU 2016-09 simplified the treatment for employee share-based compensation by allowing an entity to recognize excess tax benefits in the current period whether or not current taxes payable are reduced. Prior to 2017 the Company could not recognize windfall tax benefits associated with employee share-based compensation because it was in an NOL position and current taxes payable would not be reduced by the excess tax benefits. As a result of ASU 2016-09 the Company recognized excess tax benefits of $2.5 million from share-based compensation from prior years, resulting in cumulative-effect increases to retained earnings and deferred tax assets of approximately $1.0 million.

The Company's effective tax rate for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 was 36.3% compared to 36.7% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016. The Company’s effective rate for the first half of fiscal 2017 was 36.5% compared to 65.0% in the first half of fiscal 2016. The rate decrease is primarily attributed to the previous year’s first half effect of certain state income taxes which are computed on a tax base that reflects substantial modifications to federal taxable income, and that had created comparatively high tax expense due to relatively low year-to-date pre-tax income in the first half of 2016.

The Company establishes reserves when it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize the full tax benefit of a position. The Company had a reserve of $2.4 million for uncertain tax positions as of June 17, 2017 and December 31, 2016. The gross unrecognized tax benefits would, if recognized, decrease the Company's effective tax rate.


20



(12)    SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

The aggregate number of shares of common stock which may be issued under the Company’s 2008 Omnibus Plan ("Plan") is 1,902,077 plus any common stock that becomes available for issuance pursuant to the reusage provision of the Plan.  As of June 17, 2017, the number of shares available for issuance under the Plan was 725,361 shares.

Stock Option Awards

A summary of stock option activity under this Plan is as follows:
Outstanding Stock Options
Number of
Options
Outstanding
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(in years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value as of Date Listed
(in thousands)
Options outstanding at December 31, 2016
514,287

 
$
11.00

 
1.33

 
$
2,414

   Exercised
(216,253
)
 
10.90

 

 

Options outstanding at June 17, 2017
298,034

 
$
11.08

 
0.85

 
$
1,004

 
Restricted Stock Compensation/Awards

Annually, the Company grants restricted shares to its Board of Directors. The shares become fully vested one year from their grant date. The fair value of each restricted stock grant is based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant. The Company amortizes the expense over the service period, which is the fiscal year in which the award is granted. In addition, the Company may grant restricted shares to certain members of management based on their services and contingent upon continued service with the Company. The restricted shares vest over a period of approximately three years from the grant date. The fair value of each restricted stock grant is based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant.

The following table shows a summary of restricted shares grants and expense resulting from the awards:
    
 
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation Expense
 
 
 
 
(thousands except for shares total)
 
First Half Ended,
 
Unrecognized Expense as of
Recipient of Grant
 
Grant Date
 
Restricted Shares
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
 
June 17, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Board of Directors
 
April, 2017
 
28,674

 
$
113

 
$
132

 
$
134

 
$

Members of Management
 
February, 2015
 
38,732

 
51

 
57

 
59

 
170

Members of Management
 
January, 2016
 
43,208

 
48

 
55

 
160

 
258

Members of Management
 
February, 2017
 
146,564

 
200

 
264

 
1,183

 
2,028

Chief Executive Officer
 
February, 2017
 
500,000

 
455

 

 
3,080

 



In February 2017, as part of Mr. Recatto's employment agreement, the Company granted a restricted stock award of 500,000 shares of common stock, which vests through January 2021 in an amount based on the vesting table below, with the common stock price increase to be determined based on the increase in the price of the Company’s common stock (if any) from the closing price of the common stock as reported by Nasdaq on the employment commencement date ($15.00) and the common stock price on the potential vesting date (determined by using the weighted average closing price of a share of the Company's common stock for the 90-day period ending on the vesting date). If the stock price does not increase by $5, then no shares shall vest. During the first half of fiscal 2017, the Company recorded approximately $0.5 million of compensation expense related to this award. In the future, the Company expects to recognize compensation expense of approximately $3.1 million over the remaining requisite service period, which ends January 31, 2021. The fair value of this restricted stock award as of the grant date was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model. Key assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation to estimate the grant date fair value of this award are a risk-free rate of 1.70%, expected dividend yield of zero, and an expected volatility assumption of 41.73%.

    

21



Vesting Table
Increase in Stock Price From the Employment Commencement Date to the Vesting Date
 
Total percentage of Restricted Stock
Less than $5 per share increase
 
—%
$5 per share increase
 
25%
$10 per share increase
 
50%
$15 per share increase
 
75%
$20 or more per share increase
 
100%

Provision for possible accelerated vesting of award

If the weighted average closing price of the Company's common stock increases by the marginal levels set forth in the above vesting table for 180 consecutive days during any period between the award date and final vesting date, Mr. Recatto shall become vested in 50% of the corresponding total percentage of restricted shares earned on the last day of the 180 day period.


The following table summarizes the restricted stock activity for the period ended June 17, 2017:
Restricted Stock (Nonvested Shares)
 
Number of Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value Per Share
Nonvested shares outstanding at December 31, 2016
 
136,171

 
$
12.42

Granted
 
659,842

 
15.11

Vested
 
(96,636
)
 
13.16

Nonvested shares outstanding at June 17, 2017
 
699,377

 
$
14.51


Employee Stock Purchase Plan

As of June 17, 2017, the Company had reserved 161,812 shares of common stock available for purchase under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan of 2008.  In the first half of fiscal 2017, employees purchased 14,367 shares of the Company’s common stock with a weighted average fair market value of $14.44 per share.


22




(13) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table reconciles the number of shares outstanding for the second quarters and the first half ended of fiscal 2017 and 2016, respectively, to the number of weighted average basic shares outstanding and the number of weighted average diluted shares outstanding for the purposes of calculating basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
 
Second Quarter Ended,
 
First Half Ended,
 (Thousands)
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
Net income
 
$
6,986

 
$
1,831

 
$
11,803

 
$
106

Less: Income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
52

 

 
105

 
42

Net income attributable to Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. available to common stockholders
 
$
6,934

 
$
1,831

 
$
11,698

 
$
64

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
 
22,506

 
22,246

 
22,430

 
22,236

Dilutive shares from share–based compensation plans
 
326

 
173

 
299

 
156

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
 
22,832

 
22,419

 
22,729

 
22,392

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share: basic
 
$
0.31

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.52

 
$

Net income per share: diluted
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.51

 
$


(14) OTHER EXPENSE (INCOME)

Other expense (income) for the first half of fiscal 2017 includes a gain of $5.1 million received in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 as a result of having received a partial award for a claim made in arbitration and a gain of $3.6 million received during the second quarter of fiscal 2017 from a settlement agreement, both of which were related to our acquisition of FCC Environmental, LLC and International Petroleum Corp. of Delaware in 2014.


(15) SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On June 28, 2017, the Company entered into a Transition Agreement (“Agreement”) with its former Chief Operating Officer. Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, the Company has eliminated the position of Chief Operating Officer and will incur a severance charge of approximately $1.2 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.



23




ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 3, 2017. In addition to historical information, this discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as "aim," "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "plan," "project," "should," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," "would" and other words and terms of similar meaning in conjunction with a discussion of future or estimated operating or financial performance. You should read statements that contain these words carefully, because they discuss our future expectations, contain projections of our future results of operations or of our financial position or state other “forward-looking” information. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report. Factors that could cause such differences include those described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2016 filed with the SEC on March 3, 2017. Except as required under federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the SEC, we do not have any intention, and do not undertake, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances arising after the date of this quarterly report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified by these cautionary statements. Certain tabular information may not foot due to rounding. Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31. Interim results are presented for the twelve weeks ("second quarter" or "quarter") and twenty-four weeks (first "half") ended June 17, 2017 and June 18, 2016, respectively. "Fiscal 2016" represents the 52-week period ended December 31, 2016 and "Fiscal 2017" represents the 52-week period ending December 30, 2017.

Overview

We provide parts cleaning, containerized waste management, used oil collection, vacuum truck services, antifreeze recycling, and field services primarily to small and medium sized industrial customers as well as vehicle maintenance customers. We own and operate a used oil re-refinery, several wastewater treatment plants and multiple antifreeze recycling facilities. We believe we are the second largest provider of industrial and hazardous waste services to small and mid-sized customers in both the vehicle maintenance and manufacturing services sector in North America, and we have the second largest used oil re-refining capacity in North America.  Our services help our customers manage their used chemicals and liquid and solid wastes while also helping to minimize their regulatory burdens.  We operate from a network of 83 branch facilities providing services to customers in 45 states and parts of Canada. We conduct business through two operating segments: Environmental Services and Oil Business.

Our Environmental Services segment revenues are generated primarily from providing parts cleaning services, containerized waste management, vacuum truck services, antifreeze recycling, and field services. Revenues from this segment accounted for approximately 65% of our total company revenues for the first half of fiscal 2017. In the Environmental Services segment, we define and measure same-branch revenues for a given period as the subset of all our branches that have been open and operating throughout and between the periods being compared, and we refer to these as established branches. We calculate average revenues per working day by dividing our revenues by the number of non-holiday weekdays in the applicable fiscal year or fiscal quarter.

Our Oil Business segment consists of our used oil collection, used oil re-refining activities, and recycled fuel oil ("RFO") sales which accounted for approximately 35% of our total company revenues in the first half of fiscal 2017.

Our operating costs include the costs of the materials we use in our products and services, such as used oil collected from customers or purchased from third party collectors, solvent, and other chemicals. The used solvent that we retrieve from customers in our product reuse program is accounted for as a reduction in our net cost of solvent under operating costs, whether placed in inventory or sold to a purchaser for reuse. Changes in the price of crude oil can impact operating costs indirectly as it may impact the price we pay for solvent or used oil, although we attempt to offset volatility in the oil markets by managing the spread between the costs we pay for our materials and the prices we charge for our products and services. Operating costs also include transportation of solvents and waste, payments to third parties to recycle or dispose of the waste materials that we collect, and the costs of operating our re-refinery, recycling centers, hubs, and branch system including personnel costs (including commissions), facility rent, truck leases, fuel, and maintenance. Our operating costs as a percentage of sales

24



generally increase in relation to the number of new branch openings. As new branches achieve route density and scale efficiencies, our operating costs as a percentage of sales generally decrease.

We use profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses ("SG&A") as a key measure of segment profitability. We define profit before SG&A as revenue less operating costs and depreciation and amortization from operations.

Our selling, general, and administrative expenses include the costs of performing centralized business functions, including sales management at or above the regional level, business management, billing, receivables management, accounting and finance, information technology, environmental health and safety, and legal.

We operate a used oil re-refinery located in Indianapolis, Indiana, through which we recycle used oil into high quality lubricant base oil and other products. We supply the base oil to firms that produce and market finished lubricants. Our re-refinery has an annual nameplate capacity of approximately 75 million gallons of used oil feedstock, allowing it to produce approximately 45 million gallons of lubricating base oil per year when operating at full capacity.

    
Critical Accounting Policies

Critical accounting policies are those that are both important to the accurate portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results and require subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain.

In order to prepare financial statements that conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, commonly referred to as GAAP, we make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our financial statements and accompanying notes.  Certain estimates are particularly sensitive due to their significance to the financial statements and the possibility that future events may be significantly different from our expectations.

With the exception of the adoption of ASU 2016-09 described in Note 2 "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," there were no material changes during the first half of fiscal 2017 to the information provided under the heading "Critical Accounting Policies" included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016.


25



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

General

The following table sets forth certain operating data as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:
 
 
For the Second Quarter Ended,
 
For the First Half Ended,
(Thousands)
 
June 17,
2017
 
June 18,
2016
 
June 17,
2017
 
June 18,
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Product revenues
 
$31,832
36.9%
 
$24,695
30.7%
 
$58,812
35.3%
 
$48,399
30.4%
   Service revenues
 
54,550
63.1%
 
55,857
69.3%
 
108,023
64.7%
 
110,606
69.6%
Total Revenues
 
$86,382
100.0%
 
$80,552
100.0%
 
$166,835
100.0%
 
$159,005
100.0%
Operating expenses -
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Operating costs
 
$63,270
73.2%
 
$61,711
76.6%
 
$124,560
74.7%
 
$125,959
79.2%
   Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
10,575
12.2%
 
11,521
14.3%
 
22,916
13.7%
 
23,729
14.9%
   Depreciation and amortization
 
4,184
4.8%
 
4,118
5.1%
 
8,316
5.0%
 
8,246
5.2%
Other (income) - net
 
(3,027)
(3.5)%
 
(142)
(0.2)%
 
(8,033)
(4.8)%
 
(201)
(0.1)%
Operating income
 
11,380
13.2%
 
3,344
4.2%
 
19,076
11.4%
 
1,272
0.8%
   Interest expense – net
 
412
0.5%
 
451
0.6%
 
499
0.3%
 
969
0.6%
Income before income taxes
 
10,968
12.7%
 
2,893
3.6%
 
18,577
11.1%
 
303
0.2%
Provision for income taxes
 
3,982
4.6%
 
1,062
1.3%
 
6,774
4.1%
 
197
0.1%
Net income
 
6,986
8.1%
 
1,831
2.3%
 
11,803
7.1%
 
106
0.1%
Income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
52
0.1%
 
—%
 
105
0.1%
 
42
—%
Net income attributable to Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. common stockholders
 
$6,934
8.0%
 
$1,831
2.3%
 
$11,698
7.0%
 
$64
—%

Revenues

For the second quarter of fiscal 2017, revenues increased $5.8 million, or 7.2%, from $80.6 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2016 to $86.4 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2017. For the first half of fiscal 2017, revenues increased $7.8 million, or 4.9%, from $159.0 million in the first half of fiscal 2016 to $166.8 million in the first half of fiscal 2017. The increase in revenues was mainly driven by higher Oil Business segment revenues year over year due to higher pricing for our base oil products, partially offset by lower used oil pick-up charges. Our Environmental Services segment revenues were up due to volume growth in our containerized waste, aqueous parts cleaning, and antifreeze business, as well as an increase in activity at customers directly involved in, and related to, the energy sector.

Operating expenses

Operating costs

Operating costs increased $1.6 million, or 2.5%, from the second quarter of fiscal 2016 to the second quarter of fiscal 2017. The largest portion of this increase was due to an increase in the amount paid to vendors for used oil delivered directly to our re-refinery. Operating costs decreased $1.4 million, or 1.1%, from the first half of fiscal 2016 to the first half of fiscal 2017. The decrease in operating costs for the first half of 2017 compared to the first half of 2016 was primarily due to improved route truck productivity, the absence of inventory write-downs such as we incurred in the first half of fiscal 2016, and lower net solvent and disposal costs, partially offset by higher prices paid for used oil delivered directly to our re-refinery, and higher labor expenses.

We expect that in the future our operating costs in the Environmental Services business will continue to increase as our service volume increases, however, a decrease in crude oil prices could partially offset this cost increase because a decrease in price could cause a decline in the price we pay for parts cleaning solvent and diesel fuel. In the Oil Business segment, our operating costs could increase or decrease in the future depending on changes in the price for crude oil which could directly impact our used oil collection costs and processing costs at our re-refinery.
        


26




Selling, general, and administrative expenses

Selling, general, and administrative expenses decreased $0.9 million, or 8.2%, from the second quarter of fiscal 2016 to the second quarter of fiscal 2017. Selling, general, and administrative expenses decreased $0.8 million, or 3.4%, from the first half of fiscal 2016 to the first half of fiscal 2017. The decrease in expense was mainly driven by lower legal fees, partially offset by higher incentive compensation and share-based compensation expense.

Other (income) - net

Other (income) - net was $3.0 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 compared to approximately $0.1 million of other (income) - net for the second quarter of fiscal 2016. Other income for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 was mainly driven by a gain of $3.6 million generated as a result of a settlement agreement related to our acquisition of FCC Environmental in 2014. Other (income) - net was $8.0 million for the first half of fiscal 2017 compared to approximately $0.2 million of other (income) - net for the first half of fiscal 2016. The first half of fiscal 2017 includes a gain of $5.1 million received in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 as a result of having received a partial award for a claim made in arbitration and a gain of $3.6 million received during the second quarter of fiscal 2017 from a settlement agreement, both of which were related to our acquisition of FCC Environmental, LLC and International Petroleum Corp. of Delaware in 2014.

Interest expense - net

Net interest expense for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 was $0.4 million compared to interest expense of $0.5 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2016. In the first half of fiscal 2017 we recorded interest expense of $0.9 million as a result of our Term Loan, partially offset by $0.4 million of interest income we received as part of our award from the arbitration related to our acquisition of FCC Environmental in 2014. Interest expense was $1.0 million for the first half of 2016.

Provision for income taxes

The Company's effective tax rate for the second quarter of fiscal 2017 was 36.3% compared to 36.7% in the second quarter of fiscal 2016. The Company’s effective rate for the first half of fiscal 2017 was 36.5% compared to 65.0% in the first half of fiscal 2016. The rate decrease is primarily attributed to the previous year’s first half effect of certain state income taxes which are computed on a tax base that reflects substantial modifications to federal taxable income, and that had created comparatively high tax expense due to relatively low year-to-date pre-tax income in the first half of 2016.

Segment Information

The following table presents revenues by operating segment:
 
 
 
 
For the Second Quarter Ended,
 
Change
(Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Services
 
$
55,093

 
$
52,437

 
$
2,656

 
5.1
%
 
Oil Business
 
31,289

 
28,115

 
3,174

 
11.3
%
 
 
Total
 
$
86,382

 
$
80,552

 
$
5,830

 
7.2
%

 
 
 
 
For the First Half Ended,
 
Change
(Thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Services
 
$
108,308

 
$
104,798

 
$
3,510

 
3.3
%
 
Oil Business
 
58,527

 
54,207

 
4,320

 
8.0
%
 
 
Total
 
$
166,835

 
$
159,005

 
$
7,830

 
4.9
%




27



In the second quarter of fiscal 2017, Environmental Services revenues increased by $2.7 million, or 5.1%, from $52.4 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2016 to $55.1 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2017. In the first half of fiscal 2017, Environmental Services revenues increased by $3.5 million, or 3.3%, from $104.8 million in the first half of fiscal 2016 to $108.3 million in the first half of fiscal 2017. The increase in revenue was mainly due to growth in our aqueous parts cleaning, containerized waste and antifreeze lines of business, as well overall activity increases with customers directly involved in and related to the energy sector.

In the second quarter of fiscal 2017, Oil Business revenues were up $3.2 million, or 11.3%, compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2016. In the first half of fiscal 2017, Oil Business revenues increased $4.3 million, or 8.0%, compared to the first half of fiscal 2016. The increase in revenue was mainly driven by higher pricing for our base oil products, partially offset by lower used oil collection fees. During the first half of fiscal 2017, we sold approximately 19.3 million gallons of base oil compared to 20.2 million gallons during the first half fiscal 2016. During the second quarter of fiscal 2017, we produced base oil at a rate of 93.9% of the nameplate capacity of our re-refinery compared to 96.3% during the second quarter of fiscal of 2016.


Segment Profit (Loss) Before Corporate Selling, General and Administrative Expenses ("SG&A")

The following table presents profit by operating segment before corporate SG&A expense:
 
 
 
 
For the Second Quarter Ended,
 
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Thousands)
 
June 17, 2017
 
June 18, 2016
 
$
 
%
 
 
 
Profit before corporate SG&A*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Environmental Services
 
$
16,691

 
$
15,096

 
$
1,595

 
10.6
%
 
Oil Business
 
3,085

 
444

 
2,641

 
594.8
%
 
Total