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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2, DATED NOVEMBER 4, 2016 - GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET ALex32_2093016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1, DATED NOVEMBER 4, 2016 - GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET ALex32_1093016.htm
EX-31.3 - EXHIBIT 31.3, DATED NOVEMBER 4, 2016 - GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET ALex31_3093016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2, DATED NOVEMBER 4, 2016 - GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET ALex31_2093016.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1, DATED NOVEMBER 4, 2016 - GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. ET ALex31_1093016.htm
SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)


               QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
or
       TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___ to ___

Commission File No. 001-14761

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
13-4007862
(State of other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
One Corporate Center, Rye, NY
 
10580-1422
(Address of principle executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(914) 921-3700
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of ''large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", and "smaller reporting company'' in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
     
Non-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting company
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes    No 
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant's classes of Common Stock, as of the latest practical date.
Class
 
Outstanding at October 31, 2016
Class A Common Stock, .001 par value
  (Including 424,840 restricted stock awards)
10,401,705
Class B Common Stock, .001 par value
 
19,093,311


INDEX
 
GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
   
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
   
Item 1.
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
   
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income:
 
- Three Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
- Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
   
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income:
 
- Three Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
 
- Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
   
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition:
 
- September 30, 2016
 
- December 31, 2015
 
- September 30, 2015
   
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity:
 
- Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
   
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
 
- Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016 and 2015
   
 
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
   
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
   
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk (Included in Item 2)
   
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
   
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
   
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6.
Exhibits
   
SIGNATURES
 

2

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
UNAUDITED
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

   
Three Months Ended
   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Revenues
                       
Investment advisory and incentive fees
 
$
75,952
   
$
79,900
   
$
219,594
   
$
251,269
 
Distribution fees and other income
   
11,769
     
12,260
     
33,456
     
39,390
 
Total revenues
   
87,721
     
92,160
     
253,050
     
290,659
 
Expenses
                               
Compensation
   
21,233
     
34,022
     
62,130
     
109,177
 
Management fee
   
1,163
     
4,056
     
3,376
     
12,385
 
Distribution costs
   
11,568
     
12,363
     
32,786
     
40,093
 
Other operating expenses
   
5,681
     
4,443
     
14,993
     
14,157
 
Total expenses
   
39,645
     
54,884
     
113,285
     
175,812
 
                                 
Operating income
   
48,076
     
37,276
     
139,765
     
114,847
 
Other income (expense)
                               
Net gain from investments
   
55
     
72
     
518
     
220
 
Interest and dividend income
   
371
     
553
     
1,104
     
1,584
 
Interest expense
   
(3,155
)
   
(1,815
)
   
(9,729
)
   
(5,575
)
Total other expense, net
   
(2,729
)
   
(1,190
)
   
(8,107
)
   
(3,771
)
Income before income taxes
   
45,347
     
36,086
     
131,658
     
111,076
 
Income tax provision
   
14,486
     
13,635
     
47,229
     
41,702
 
Income from continuing operations
   
30,861
     
22,451
     
84,429
     
69,374
 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
-
     
(7,482
)
   
-
     
(5,528
)
Net income attributable to GAMCO Investors, Inc.'s shareholders
 
$
30,861
   
$
14,969
   
$
84,429
   
$
63,846
 
                                 
Net income/(loss) attributable to GAMCO Investors, Inc.'s shareholders
                               
per share:
                               
Basic - Continuing operations
 
$
1.06
   
$
0.90
   
$
2.89
   
$
2.77
 
Basic - Discontinued operations
   
-
     
(0.30
)
   
-
     
(0.22
)
Basic - Total
 
$
1.06
   
$
0.60
   
$
2.89
   
$
2.55
 
                                 
Diluted - Continuing operations
 
$
1.03
   
$
0.89
   
$
2.85
   
$
2.74
 
Diluted - Discontinued operations
   
-
     
(0.30
)
   
-
     
(0.22
)
Diluted - Total
 
$
1.03
   
$
0.59
   
$
2.85
   
$
2.52
 
                                 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
                               
Basic
   
29,185
     
24,947
     
29,222
     
25,047
 
                                 
Diluted
   
30,406
     
25,241
     
29,811
     
25,337
 
                                 
Dividends declared:
 
$
0.02
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.06
   
$
0.21
 

See accompanying notes.

3

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
UNAUDITED
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
                 
Net income
 
$
30,861
   
$
14,969
   
$
84,429
   
$
63,846
 
Other comprehensive gain/(loss), net of tax:
                               
Foreign currency translation
   
(28
)
   
(35
)
   
(121
)
   
(22
)
Net unrealized gain/(loss) on securities available for sale (a)
   
506
     
(6,696
)
   
323
     
(7,417
)
Other comprehensive gain/(loss)
   
478
     
(6,731
)
   
202
     
(7,439
)
                                 
Comprehensive income attributable to GAMCO Investors, Inc.
 
$
31,339
   
$
8,238
   
$
84,631
   
$
56,407
 

(a) Net of income tax expense/(benefit) of $297, ($3,932), $190 and ($4,356), respectively.

See accompanying notes.

4

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
UNAUDITED
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
   
September 30,
 
   
2016
   
2015
   
2015
 
ASSETS
                 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
33,852
   
$
13,719
   
$
62,561
 
Investments in securities
   
32,889
     
32,975
     
34,095
 
Receivable from brokers
   
344
     
1,091
     
1,157
 
Investment advisory fees receivable
   
26,606
     
31,048
     
26,638
 
Receivable from affiliates
   
4,745
     
5,041
     
27,957
 
Income tax receivable and deferred tax asset
   
10,634
     
6,787
     
2,409
 
Other assets
   
12,198
     
13,238
     
10,776
 
Assets of discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
706,523
 
Total assets
 
$
121,268
   
$
103,899
   
$
872,116
 
                         
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
                       
Payable to brokers
 
$
10,203
   
$
12
   
$
533
 
Income taxes payable and deferred tax liabilities
   
164
     
4,823
     
5,963
 
Capital lease obligation
   
5,094
     
5,170
     
5,191
 
Compensation payable
   
31,469
     
24,426
     
83,700
 
Securities sold, not yet purchased
   
-
     
129
     
-
 
Payable to affiliates
   
7,679
     
7,687
     
153
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
31,801
     
28,882
     
32,467
 
Liabilities of discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
66,614
 
Sub-total
   
86,410
     
71,129
     
194,621
 
                         
4.5% Convertible note (net of issuance costs of $174) (due August 15, 2021) (Note F)
   
109,826
     
-
     
-
 
AC 4% PIK Note (due November 30, 2020) (Note F)
   
100,000
     
250,000
     
-
 
Loan from GGCP (due December 28, 2016) (Note F)
   
-
     
35,000
     
-
 
5.875% Senior notes (net of issuance costs of $110, $128 and $553, respectively)
                       
  (due June 1, 2021) (Note F)
   
24,115
     
24,097
     
99,447
 
Zero coupon subordinated debentures, Face value: $0.0 million at September 30, 2016,
                       
  $0.0 million at December 31, 2015 and $6.9 million at September 30, 2015,
                       
  respectively (due December 31, 2015) (Note F)
   
-
     
-
     
6,750
 
Total liabilities
   
320,351
     
380,226
     
300,818
 
                         
Redeemable noncontrolling interests from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
6,018
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note I)
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Equity
                       
GAMCO Investors, Inc. stockholders' equity
                       
Preferred stock, $.001 par value;10,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;
                       
  15,480,032, 15,422,901 and 15,387,701 issued, respectively;10,454,392,
                       
  10,664,107 and 6,340,992 outstanding, respectively
   
14
     
14
     
14
 
Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;
                       
  24,000,000 shares issued; 19,093,311, 19,156,792 and 19,196,792 shares
                       
  outstanding, respectively
   
19
     
19
     
19
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
3,135
     
345
     
299,769
 
Retained earnings (deficit)
   
48,412
     
(34,224
)
   
661,415
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
9,317
     
9,115
     
17,575
 
Treasury stock, at cost (5,025,640, 4,758,794 and 9,046,709 shares, respectively)
   
(259,980
)
   
(251,596
)
   
(416,147
)
Total GAMCO Investors, Inc. stockholders' equity (deficit)
   
(199,083
)
   
(276,327
)
   
562,645
 
Noncontrolling interests from discontinued operations
   
-
     
-
     
2,635
 
Total equity (deficit)
   
(199,083
)
   
(276,327
)
   
565,280
 
                         
Total liabilities and equity (deficit)
 
$
121,268
   
$
103,899
   
$
872,116
 

See accompanying notes.

5

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
UNAUDITED
(In thousands)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015

         
GAMCO Investors, Inc. stockholders
       
                           
Accumulated
                   
               
Additional
         
Other
               
Redeemable
 
   
Noncontrolling
   
Common
   
Paid-in
   
Retained
   
Comprehensive
   
Treasury
         
Noncontrolling
 
   
Interests
   
Stock
   
Capital
   
Earnings
   
Income
   
Stock
   
Total
   
Interests
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
$
2,734
   
$
33
   
$
291,681
   
$
602,950
   
$
25,014
   
$
(394,617
)
 
$
527,795
   
$
68,334
 
Redemptions of redeemable
                                                               
noncontrolling interests
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(602
)
Contributions from redeemable
                                                               
noncontrolling interest
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1,036
 
Consolidation of a consolidated
                                                               
feeder fund and a partnership
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
996
 
Deconsolidation of offshore
                                                               
  fund
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(63,256
)
Net income (loss)
   
(99
)
   
-
     
-
     
63,846
     
-
     
-
     
63,747
     
(490
)
Net unrealized losses on
                                                               
securities available for sale,
                                                               
net of income tax benefit ($4,341)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(7,392
)
   
-
     
(7,392
)
   
-
 
Amount reclassed from
                                                               
accumulated other
                                                               
comprehensive income,
                                                               
net of income tax benefit ($15)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(25
)
   
-
     
(25
)
   
-
 
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(22
)
   
-
     
(22
)
   
-
 
Dividends declared
                                                               
($0.21 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(5,381
)
   
-
     
-
     
(5,381
)
   
-
 
Stock based compensation
                                                               
expense
   
-
     
-
     
6,819
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
6,819
     
-
 
Exercise of stock options
                                                               
including tax benefit ($102)
   
-
     
-
     
1,269
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1,269
     
-
 
Purchase of treasury stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(21,530
)
   
(21,530
)
   
-
 
Balance at September 30, 2015
 
$
2,635
   
$
33
   
$
299,769
   
$
661,415
   
$
17,575
   
$
(416,147
)
 
$
565,280
   
$
6,018
 

See accompanying notes.

6

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
UNAUDITED
(In thousands)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016

   
GAMCO Investors, Inc. stockholders
 
                     
Accumulated
             
         
Additional
   
Retained
   
Other
             
   
Common
   
Paid-in
   
Earnings
   
Comprehensive
   
Treasury
       
   
Stock
   
Capital
   
(Deficit)
   
Income
   
Stock
   
Total
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
33
   
$
345
   
$
(34,224
)
 
$
9,115
   
$
(251,596
)
 
$
(276,327
)
Net income
   
-
     
-
     
84,429
     
-
     
-
     
84,429
 
Net unrealized gains on
                                               
securities available for sale,
                                               
net of income tax expense ($129)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
221
     
-
     
221
 
Amounts reclassified from
                                               
accumulated other
                                               
comprehensive income,
                                               
net of income tax expense ($61)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
102
     
-
     
102
 
Foreign currency translation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(121
)
   
-
     
(121
)
Dividends declared
                                               
($0.06 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
(1,793
)
   
-
     
-
     
(1,793
)
Stock based compensation
                                               
expense
   
-
     
3,258
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
3,258
 
Reduction of deferred tax asset
                                               
for excess of recorded RSA tax
                                               
benefit over actual tax benefit
   
-
     
(468
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(468
)
Purchase of treasury stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(8,384
)
   
(8,384
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
 
$
33
   
$
3,135
   
$
48,412
   
$
9,317
   
$
(259,980
)
 
$
(199,083
)

See accompanying notes.


7

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
UNAUDITED
(In thousands)

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2016
   
2015
 
Operating activities
           
Net income
 
$
84,429
   
$
63,846
 
Add: Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
-
     
5,528
 
Income from continuing operations
   
84,429
     
69,374
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
470
     
466
 
Stock based compensation expense
   
3,258
     
4,923
 
Deferred income taxes
   
(3,930
)
   
(1,902
)
Tax benefit from exercise of stock options
   
-
     
102
 
Foreign currency translation loss
   
(121
)
   
(22
)
Cost basis of donated securities
   
68
     
31
 
Net gains on sales of available for sale securities
   
(4
)
   
(5
)
Accretion of zero coupon debentures
   
-
     
502
 
Loss on extinguishment of zero coupon debentures
   
-
     
310
 
(Increase) decrease in assets:
               
Investments in trading securities
   
223
     
-
 
Receivable from affiliates
   
290
     
(1,517
)
Receivable from brokers
   
747
     
526
 
Investment advisory fees receivable
   
4,442
     
11,090
 
Income tax receivable and deferred tax assets
   
(3,847
)
   
24
 
Other assets
   
534
     
1,617
 
Increase (decrease) in liabilities:
               
Payable to affiliates
   
(8
)
   
(202
)
Payable to brokers
   
10,190
     
522
 
Income taxes payable and deferred tax liabilities
   
(1,384
)
   
(8,349
)
Compensation payable
   
7,051
     
52,901
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
2,804
     
4,470
 
Total adjustments
   
20,783
     
65,487
 
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations
 
$
105,212
   
$
134,861
 

8

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
UNAUDITED (continued)
(In thousands)

   
Nine Months Ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2016
   
2015
 
Investing activities
           
Purchases of available for sale securities
 
$
(223
)
 
$
-
 
Proceeds from sales of available for sale securities
   
408
     
51
 
Net cash provided by investing activities from continuing operations
   
185
     
51
 
                 
Financing activities
               
Net cash transferred from AC
   
-
     
77,533
 
Issuance of 4.5% Convertible note
   
109,826
     
-
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
   
-
     
1,167
 
Dividends paid
   
(1,752
)
   
(5,252
)
Repurchase of Zero coupon subordinated debentures
   
-
     
(6,224
)
Purchase of treasury stock
   
(8,384
)
   
(21,530
)
Repayment of AC 4% PIK Note
   
(150,000
)
   
-
 
Repayment of loan from GGCP
   
(35,000
)
   
-
 
Amortization of debt issuance costs
   
18
     
73
 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities from continuing operations
   
(85,292
)
   
45,767
 
Cash flows of discontinued operations
               
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
-
     
59,154
 
Net cash used in investing activities
   
-
     
(41,464
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
-
     
(148,510
)
Net cash used in discontinued operations
   
-
     
(130,820
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
28
     
8
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
20,133
     
49,867
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
13,719
     
12,694
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
33,852
   
$
62,561
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
               
Cash paid for interest
 
$
4,561
   
$
3,531
 
Cash paid for taxes
 
$
55,216
   
$
49,587
 

Non-cash activity:
-
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, the Company accrued dividends on restricted stock awards of $41 and $129, respectively.
-
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded $468 as a reduction to its deferred tax asset and additional paid-in capital for the excess of the recorded restricted stock award tax benefit over the actual tax benefit.

See accompanying notes.

9

GAMCO INVESTORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2016
(Unaudited)

A.  Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

Unless we have indicated otherwise, or the context otherwise requires, references in this report to “GAMCO Investors, Inc.,” “GAMCO,” “the Company,” “GBL,” “we,” “us” and “our” or similar terms are to GAMCO Investors, Inc., its predecessors and its subsidiaries.
 
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements of GAMCO included herein have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP in the United States for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows of GAMCO for the interim periods presented and are not necessarily indicative of a full year’s results.
 
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of GAMCO and its subsidiaries.  Intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated.
 
These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Reclassifications

Certain amounts reported for the prior period in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified in order to conform to the current period’s presentation.  Assets and liabilities related to the spin-off (“Spin-off”) of Associated Capital Group, Inc. (“AC”) on November 30, 2015 on the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of financial condition as of September 30, 2015 have been reclassified as assets and liabilities of discontinued operations (See Note J. Discontinued Operations for further details).  All assets and liabilities related to discontinued operations are excluded from the footnotes for all periods presented unless otherwise noted.  In addition, the historical results of AC and certain investment partnerships and offshore funds have been reflected in the accompanying consolidated statements of income for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2015 as discontinued operations and financial information related to discontinued operations has been excluded from the notes to these interim condensed consolidated financial statements for all periods presented.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported on the interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Developments

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers," which supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in the Accounting Standards Codification ("Codification") Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance throughout the industry topics of the Codification.  The core principle of the new ASU No. 2014-09 is for companies to recognize revenue from the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  The new standard provides a five-step approach to be applied to all contracts with customers and also requires expanded disclosures about revenue recognition.  The ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods and is to be retrospectively applied.  Early adoption is not permitted.  The Company is currently evaluating this guidance and the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

10

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, which amends the presentation of debt issuance costs in financial statements.  This amended guidance requires entities to present the cost of debt issuances as a reduction of the related debt rather than as an asset.  This guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2016.  The Company adopted this guidance retrospectively on January 1, 2016.  As a result, the debt issuance costs related to the 5.875% Senior Notes are now shown net in the liability section on the consolidated statements of financial condition.  At December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, the 5.875% Senior Notes are now disclosed net of issuance costs of $128,000 and $553,000, respectively.  These amounts were previously disclosed in other assets on the consolidated statements of financial condition.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, which amends the guidance in U.S. GAAP on the classification and measurement of financial instruments. Although the ASU retains many current requirements, it significantly revises an entity’s accounting related to (1) the classification and measurement of investments in equity securities and (2) the presentation of certain fair value changes for financial liabilities measured at fair value. The ASU also amends certain disclosure requirements associated with the fair value of financial instruments. For public companies, the new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. To adopt the amendments, entities will be required to make a cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year in which the guidance is effective. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance and the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, which amends the guidance in U.S. GAAP for the accounting for leases.  ASU 2016-02 requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities arising from most operating leases in the condensed consolidated statement of financial position.  ASU 2016-02 is effective beginning January 1, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance and the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions for both public and nonpublic entities, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. For public companies, the ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods.  Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance and the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, which adds and clarifies guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the consolidated statements of cash flows.  For public companies, the ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual reporting periods.  Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating this guidance and the impact it will have on its consolidated financial statements.

B.  Investment in Securities

Investments in securities at September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015 consisted of the following:

   
September 30, 2016
   
December 31, 2015
   
September 30, 2015
 
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
   
Cost
   
Fair Value
 
   
(In thousands)
 
Trading securities:
                                   
Common stocks
 
$
16
   
$
16
   
$
385
   
$
368
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Total trading securities
   
16
     
16
     
385
     
368
     
-
     
-
 
                                                 
Available for sale securities:
                                               
Common stocks
   
17,649
     
32,873
     
17,898
     
32,607
     
13,561
     
34,095
 
Total available for sale securities
   
17,649
     
32,873
     
17,898
     
32,607
     
13,561
     
34,095
 
                                                 
Total investments in securities
 
$
17,665
   
$
32,889
   
$
18,283
   
$
32,975
   
$
13,561
   
$
34,095
 

 
11

Securities sold, not yet purchased at September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015 consisted of the following:

 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
September 30, 2015
 
 
Proceeds
 
Fair Value
 
Proceeds
 
Fair Value
 
Proceeds
 
Fair Value
 
Trading securities:
(In thousands)
 
Common stocks
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
123
   
$
129
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Total securities sold, not yet purchased
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
123
   
$
129
   
$
-
   
$
-
 

Management determines the appropriate classification of debt and equity securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such designation as of the date of each condensed consolidated statement of financial condition.  Investments in United States Treasury Bills and Notes with maturities of greater than three months at the time of purchase are classified as investments in securities, and those with maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase are classified as cash equivalents.  The portion of investments in securities held for resale in anticipation of short-term market movements are classified as trading securities.  Trading securities are stated at fair value, with any unrealized gains or losses reported in current period earnings.  Available for sale (“AFS”) investments are stated at fair value, with any unrealized gains or losses, net of taxes, reported as a component of equity except for losses deemed to be other than temporary (“OTT”) which are recorded as realized losses in the condensed consolidated statements of income.

The following table identifies all reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI") into income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 (in thousands):
 
Amount
 
Affected Line Items
 
Reason for
Reclassified
 
in the Statements
 
Reclassification
from AOCI
 
Of Income
 
from AOCI
Three Months Ended September 30,
        
2016
 
2015
        
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Net gain from investments
 
Realized gain on sale of AFS securities
   
7
     
45
 
Other operating expenses/net gain from investments
 
Realized gain on donation of AFS securities
   
7
     
45
 
Income before income taxes
   
   
(3
)
   
(17
)
Income tax provision
   
 
$
4
   
$
28
 
Net income
   

Amount
 
Affected Line Items
 
Reason for
Reclassified
 
in the Statements
 
Reclassification
from AOCI
 
Of Income
 
from AOCI
Nine Months Ended September 30,
        
2016
 
2015
        
 
$
4
   
$
5
 
Net gain from investments
 
Realized gain on sale of AFS securities
   
159
     
80
 
Other operating expenses/net gain from investments
 
Realized gain on donation of AFS securities
   
163
     
85
 
Income before income taxes
   
   
(61
)
   
(32
)
Income tax provision
   
 
$
102
   
$
53
 
Net income
   

 
12

The following is a summary of the cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair value of available for sale investments as of September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015:

 
September 30, 2016
 
     
Gross
 
Gross
     
     
Unrealized
 
Unrealized
     
 
Cost
 
Gains
 
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Common stocks
 
$
17,649
   
$
15,224
   
$
-
   
$
32,873
 
Total available for sale securities
 
$
17,649
   
$
15,224
   
$
-
   
$
32,873
 

 
December 31, 2015
 
     
Gross
 
Gross
     
     
Unrealized
 
Unrealized
     
 
Cost
 
Gains
 
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Common stocks
 
$
17,898
   
$
14,709
   
$
-
   
$
32,607
 
Total available for sale securities
 
$
17,898
   
$
14,709
   
$
-
   
$
32,607
 

 
September 30, 2015
 
     
Gross
 
Gross
     
     
Unrealized
 
Unrealized
     
 
Cost
 
Gains
 
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
 
(In thousands)
 
Common stocks
 
$
13,561
   
$
20,534
   
$
-
   
$
34,095
 
Total available for sale securities
 
$
13,561
   
$
20,534
   
$
-
   
$
34,095
 

Changes in net unrealized gain, net of taxes, for the three months ended September 30, 2016 of $0.5 million and changes in net unrealized loss, net of taxes, for the three months ended September 30, 2015 of $6.7 million have been included in other comprehensive income, a component of equity, at September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively.  There were no sales of investments available for sale for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015.  Changes in net unrealized gain, net of taxes, for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $0.3 million and changes in net unrealized loss, net of taxes, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 of $7.4 million have been included in other comprehensive income, a component of equity, at September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively.  During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, proceeds from the sales of investments available for sale were approximately $408,000 and $51,000, respectively.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, gross gains on the sale of investments available for sale amounted to $4,000 and $5,000, respectively, and were reclassified from other comprehensive income into net gain from investments in the condensed consolidated statements of income.  There were no realized losses on the sale of investments available for sale for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 or September 30, 2015.  The basis on which the cost of a security sold is determined using specific identification.  Accumulated other comprehensive income on the consolidated statements of equity is primarily comprised of unrealized gains/losses, net of taxes, for AFS securities.

GBL has an established accounting policy and methodology to determine other-than-temporary impairment on available for sale securities.  Under this policy, available for sale securities are evaluated for other than temporary impairments and any impairment charges are recorded in net gain/(loss) from investments on the condensed consolidated statements of income.  Management reviews all available for sale securities whose cost exceeds their market value to determine if the impairment is other than temporary.  Management uses qualitative factors such as diversification of the investment, the amount of time that the investment has been impaired, the intent to sell and the severity of the decline in determining whether the impairment is other than temporary.  

There were no investments classified as available for sale that were in an unrealized loss position at September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 or September 30, 2015.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 there were no losses on available for sale securities that were deemed to be other than temporary.

 
13

C. Fair Value

The following tables present information about the Company's assets and liabilities by major categories measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by the Company to determine such fair value:

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis as of September 30, 2016 (in thousands)

   
Quoted Prices in Active
   
Significant Other
   
Significant
   
Balance as of
 
   
Markets for Identical
   
Observable
   
Unobservable
   
September 30,
 
Assets
 
Assets (Level 1)
   
Inputs (Level 2)
   
Inputs (Level 3)
   
2016
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
33,576
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
33,576
 
Investments in securities:
                               
AFS - Common stocks
   
32,873
     
-
     
-
     
32,873
 
Trading - Common stocks
   
16
     
-
     
-
     
16
 
Total investments in securities
   
32,889
     
-
     
-
     
32,889
 
Total assets at fair value
 
$
66,465
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
66,465
 
Liabilities
                               
Securities sold, not yet purchased:
                               
Trading - Common stocks
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Total securities sold, not yet purchased
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis as of December 31, 2015 (in thousands)

   
Quoted Prices in Active
   
Significant Other
   
Significant
   
Balance as of
 
   
Markets for Identical
   
Observable
   
Unobservable
   
December 31,
 
Assets
 
Assets (Level 1)
   
Inputs (Level 2)
   
Inputs (Level 3)
   
2015
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
13,538
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
13,538
 
Investments in securities:
                               
AFS - Common stocks
   
32,607
     
-
     
-
     
32,607
 
Trading - Common stocks
   
368
     
-
     
-
     
368
 
Total investments in securities
   
32,975
     
-
     
-
     
32,975
 
Total assets at fair value
 
$
46,513
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
46,513
 
Liabilities
                               
Securities sold, not yet purchased:
                               
Trading - Common stocks
 
$
129
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
129
 
Total securities sold, not yet purchased
 
$
129
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
129
 


Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis as of September 30, 2015 (in thousands)

   
Quoted Prices in Active
   
Significant Other
   
Significant
   
Balance as of
 
   
Markets for Identical
   
Observable
   
Unobservable
   
September 30,
 
Assets
 
Assets (Level 1)
   
Inputs (Level 2)
   
Inputs (Level 3)
   
2015
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
62,398
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
62,398
 
Investments in securities:
                               
AFS - Common stocks
   
34,095
     
-
     
-
     
34,095
 
Trading - Common stocks
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Total investments in securities
   
34,095
     
-
     
-
     
34,095
 
Total assets at fair value
 
$
96,493
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
96,493
 
Liabilities
                               
Securities sold, not yet purchased:
                               
Trading - Common stocks
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Total securities sold, not yet purchased
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 


14

During the quarters ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, there were no transfers between any Level 1 and Level 2 holdings, or between Level 1 and Level 3 holdings.

Other than certain securities which were part of the Spin-off, the Company did not hold any Level 2 or 3 securities at September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 or September 30, 2015.

D. Income Taxes

The effective tax rate ("ETR) for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015 was 31.9% and 37.8%, respectively.  The ETR for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015 was 35.9% and 37.5%, respectively.  The change in rates is primarily due to the reversal of tax accruals related to the closing out of a state audit.

E. Earnings Per Share

The computations of basic and diluted net income per share are as follows:

   
Three Months Ended September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2016
   
2015
   
2016
   
2015
 
Basic:
                       
Income from continuing operations
 
$
30,861
   
$
22,451
   
$
84,429
   
$
69,374
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes 
   
-
     
(7,482
)
   
-
     
(5,528
)
Net income attributable to GAMCO Investors, Inc.'s
                               
shareholders
 
$
30,861
   
$
14,969
   
$
84,429
   
$
63,846
 
                                 
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
29,185
     
24,947
     
29,222
     
25,047
 
                                 
Basic net income per share attributable to GAMCO
                               
Investors, Inc.'s shareholders:
                               
Continuing operations
 
$
1.06
   
$
0.90
   
$
2.89
   
$
2.77
 
Discontinued operations
   
-
     
(0.30
)
   
-
     
(0.22
)
Total
 
$
1.06
   
$
0.60
   
$
2.89
   
$
2.55
 
                                 
Diluted:
                               
Income from continuing operations
 
$
30,861
   
$
22,451
   
$
84,429
   
$
69,374
 
Add interest on convertible note, net of management fee and taxes
   
387
     
-
     
387
     
-
 
Total income from continuing operations
   
31,248
     
22,451
     
84,816
     
69,374
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of taxes
   
-
     
(7,482
)
   
-
     
(5,528
)
Net income attributable to GAMCO Investors, Inc.'s
                               
shareholders
 
$
31,248
   
$
14,969
   
$
84,816
   
$
63,846
 
                                 
Weighted average share outstanding
   
29,185
     
24,947
     
29,222
     
25,047
 
Dilutive stock options and restricted stock awards
   
221
     
294
     
253
     
290
 
Assumed conversion of convertible note
   
1,000
     
-
     
336
     
-
 
Total
   
30,406
     
25,241
     
29,811
     
25,337
 
                                 
Diluted net income per share attributable to GAMCO
                               
Investors, Inc.'s shareholders:
                               
Continuing operations
 
$
1.03
   
$
0.89
   
$
2.85
   
$
2.74
 
Discontinued operations
   
-
     
(0.30
)
   
-
     
(0.22
)
Total
 
$
1.03
   
$
0.59
   
$
2.85
   
$
2.52
 
                                 

15

F. Debt

Debt consists of the following:

 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
September 30, 2015
 
 
Carrying
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
 
Fair Value
 
 
Value
 
Level 2
 
Value
 
Level 2
 
Value
 
Level 2
 
(In thousands)
                       
4.5 % Convertible note
 
$
109,826
   
$
112,172
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
AC 4% PIK Note
   
100,000
     
101,347
     
250,000
     
250,000
     
-
     
-
 
Loan from GGCP
   
-
     
-
     
35,000
     
35,000
     
-
     
-
 
5.875% Senior notes
   
24,115
     
25,073
     
24,097
     
24,437
     
99,447
     
106,625
 
0% Subordinated debentures
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
6,750
     
6,800
 
Total
 
$
233,941
   
$
238,592
   
$
309,097
   
$
309,437
   
$
106,197
   
$
113,425
 

4.5% Convertible Note

On August 15, 2016, the Company issued and sold a 5-year, $110 million convertible note (“Convertible Note”).  The note bears interest at a rate of 4.5% per annum and is convertible into shares of the Company’s Class A Common stock (“Class A Stock”) at an initial conversion price of $55.00 per share.  The Convertible Note is initially convertible into two million shares of the Company’s Class A Stock, subject to adjustment pursuant to the terms of the Convertible Note.  The Company is required to repurchase the Convertible Note at the request of the holder on specified dates or after certain circumstances involving a Fundamental Change (as defined in the Convertible Note).  The Company recorded $174,000 of costs in connection with the issuance of the Convertible Note.  GGCP, Inc. (“GGCP”), which owns approximately 62% of the equity interest of the Company, has deposited cash equal to the principal amount of the Note and six months interest (“Initial Deposit”) into an escrow account established pursuant to an escrow agreement by and among GGCP, the Company, the Convertible Note holder and the escrow agent.  In connection with the Initial Deposit made by GGCP, the Company has agreed that GGCP has a right to demand payment in an amount equal to any funds withdrawn from the escrow account by the Convertible Note holder.

AC 4% PIK Note

In connection with the spin-off of AC on November 30, 2015, the Company issued a $250 million promissory note (the “AC 4% PIK Note”) payable to AC.  The AC 4% PIK Note bears interest at 4.0% per annum.  The original principal amount has a maturity date of November 30, 2020.  Interest on the AC 4% PIK Note will accrue from the date of the last interest payment, or if no interest has been paid, from the effective date of the AC 4% PIK Note.  At the election of the Company, payment of interest on the AC 4% PIK Note may be paid in kind (in whole or in part) on the then-outstanding principal amount (a “PIK Amount”) in lieu of cash.  All PIK Amounts added to the outstanding principal amount of the AC 4% PIK Note will mature on the fifth anniversary from the date the PIK Amount was added to the outstanding principal of the AC 4% PIK Note.  In no event may any interest be paid in kind subsequent to November 30, 2019.  The Company may prepay the AC 4% PIK Note (in whole or in part) prior to maturity without penalty.

During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company prepaid $150 million of principal of the AC 4% PIK Note.  $50 million of the prepayment was applied against the principal amount due on November 30, 2016, $40 million against the principal amount due on November 30, 2017, $30 million against the principal amount due on November 30, 2018, and $30 million against the principal amount due on November 30, 2019.  Of the $100 million principal amount outstanding at September 30, 2016, $10 million is due on November 30, 2017, $20 million is due on November 30, 2018, $20 million is due on November 30, 2019, and $50 million is due on November 30, 2020.
 
5.875% Senior notes

On May 31, 2011, the Company issued 10-year, $100 million senior notes ("Senior Notes").  The Senior Notes mature on June 1, 2021 and bear interest at 5.875% per annum, payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year and commenced on December 1, 2011.  Upon the occurrence of a change of control triggering event, as defined in the indenture, the Company would be required to offer to repurchase the Senior Notes at 101% of their principal amount.

On November 18, 2015, the Company commenced a tender offer (the “Offer”) to purchase for cash up to $100 million aggregate principal amount of the Senior Notes at a price of 101% of the principal amount.  $75.8 million of face value Senior Notes were tendered upon the expiration of the Offer.  At September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, the debt was recorded at its face value, net of issuance costs, of $24.1 million, $24.1 million and $99.4 million, respectively.
16

Loan from GGCP

In connection with the Offer, the Company borrowed $35.0 million from GGCP. The loan has a term of one year and bears interest at 90-day LIBOR plus 3.25%, reset and payable quarterly.  On March 18, 2016, the Company paid back $15.0 million of the loan.  During the second quarter of 2016 the Company paid back the remaining $20.0 million of the loan.  At December 31, 2015, the debt was recorded at its face value of $35.0 million.

Zero coupon Subordinated debentures due December 31, 2015

On December 31, 2010, the Company issued $86.4 million in par value of five year zero coupon subordinated debentures due December 31, 2015 ("Debentures") to its shareholders of record on December 15, 2010 through the declaration of a special dividend of $3.20 per share. The Debentures have a par value of $100 and are callable at the option of the Company, in whole or in part, at any time or from time to time, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Debentures to be redeemed. During the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2015 the Company repurchased 16 Debentures and 62,242 Debentures, respectively, having a face value of $1,600 and $6.2 million, respectively.  The redemptions were accounted for as extinguishments of debt and resulted in losses of less than $1,000 and $310,000, respectively, which was included in net gain from investments on the condensed consolidated statements of income.  The debt was being accreted to its face value using the effective rate on the date of issuance of 7.45%.  At September 30, 2015, the debt was recorded at its accreted value of  $6.8 million. The debt matured on December 31, 2015 and was fully paid at that time.

The fair value of the Company's debt, which is a Level 2 valuation, is estimated based on either quoted market prices for the same or similar issues or on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities or using market standard models.  Inputs in these standard models include credit rating, maturity and interest rate.

On May 4, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) declared effective the “shelf” registration statement filed by the Company. The "shelf" provides the Company with the flexibility of issuing any combination of senior and subordinated debt securities, convertible securities and common and preferred securities up to a total amount of $500 million and replaced the existing shelf registration which expired in May 2015. As of September 30, 2016, $500 million is available on the shelf.

G. Stockholders' Equity
 
Shares outstanding were 29.5 million, 29.8 million and 25.5 million on September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, respectively.

Dividends

 
 Payment  
Record
     
 
 Date  
Date
 
Amount
 
             
Three months ended March 31, 2016
March 29, 2016
 
March 15, 2016
 
$
0.02
 
Three months ended June 30, 2016
June 28, 2016
 
June 14, 2016
   
0.02
 
Three months ended September 30, 2016
September 27, 2016
 
September 13, 2016
   
0.02
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2016
        
$
0.06
 
               
Three months ended March 31, 2015
March 31, 2015
 
March 17, 2015
 
$
0.07
 
Three months ended June 30, 2015
June 30, 2015
 
June 16, 2015
   
0.07
 
Three months ended September 30, 2015
September 29, 2015
 
September 15, 2015
   
0.07
 
Nine months ended September 30, 2015
        
$
0.21
 
               

Voting Rights

The holders of Class A Stock and Class B Common stock ("Class B Stock") have identical rights except that (i) holders of Class A Stock are entitled to one vote per share, while holders of Class B Stock are entitled to ten votes per share on all matters to be voted on by shareholders in general, and (ii) holders of Class A Stock are not eligible to vote on matters relating exclusively to Class B Stock and vice versa.
17

Stock Award and Incentive Plan
 
The Company maintains two Plans approved by the shareholders, which are designed to provide incentives which will attract and retain individuals key to the success of GBL through direct or indirect ownership of our common stock. Benefits under the Plans may be granted in any one or a combination of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock awards, dividend equivalents and other stock or cash based awards. A maximum of 3.5 million shares of Class A Stock have been reserved for issuance under the Plans by a committee of the Board of Directors responsible for administering the Plans ("Compensation Committee"). Under the Plans, the committee may grant RSAs and either incentive or nonqualified stock options with a term not to exceed ten years from the grant date and at an exercise price that the committee may determine.
 
As of September 30, 2016, December 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, there were 427,290 RSA shares, 553,100 RSA shares and 688,550 RSA shares outstanding, respectively, that were previously issued at an average weighted grant price of $65.72, $64.02 and $67.34, respectively.  These RSA grants occurred prior to the spin-off of Associated Capital.  On November 30, 2015, pursuant to the spin-off, all RSA grant holders received shares of Associated Capital’s Class A common stock as a result of their ownership of their GAMCO unvested RSAs (one share of Associated Capital for each share of GBL).  All grants of the RSA shares were recommended by the Company's Chairman, who did not receive a RSA, and approved by the Compensation Committee. This expense, net of estimated forfeitures, is recognized over the vesting period for these awards which is either (1) 30% over three years from the date of grant and 70% over five years from the date of grant or (2) 30% over three years from the date of grant and 10% each year over years four through ten from the date of grant.  During the vesting period, dividends to RSA holders are held for them until the RSA vesting dates and are forfeited if the grantee is no longer employed by the Company on the vesting dates.  Dividends declared on these RSAs, less estimated forfeitures, are charged to retained earnings (deficit) on the declaration date.

For the three months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we recognized stock-based compensation expense of $1.2 million and $1.6 million, respectively.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we recognized stock-based compensation expense of $3.3 million and $4.9 million, respectively.  Actual and projected stock-based compensation expense for RSA shares for the years ended December 31, 2015 through December 31, 2024 (based on awards currently issued or granted) is as follows (in thousands):

     
2015
   
2016
   
2017
   
2018
   
2019
   
2020
   
2021
   
2022
   
2023
   
2024
 
 
Q1
   
$
1,639
   
$
1,037
   
$
685
   
$
464
   
$
365
     
219
     
145
     
93
     
48
     
7
 
 
Q2
     
1,640
     
1,036
     
685
     
453
     
365
     
204
     
145
     
93
     
48
     
7
 
 
Q3
     
1,644
     
1,186
     
602
     
402
     
323
     
169
     
114
     
66
     
24
     
5
 
 
Q4
     
4,945
     
691
     
520
     
366
     
295
     
145
     
93
     
48
     
7
     
-
 
Full Year
   
$
9,868
   
$
3,950
   
$
2,492
   
$
1,685
   
$
1,348
     
737