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EX-10.1 - EX-10.1 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex101.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex311.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex312.htm
EX-10.5 - EX-10.5 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex105.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex321.htm
EX-10.2 - EX-10.2 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex102.htm
EX-10.4 - EX-10.4 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex104.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex322.htm
EX-10.3 - EX-10.3 - GREENBRIER COMPANIES INCd117835dex103.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

for the quarterly period ended February 29, 2016

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

for the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File No. 1-13146

 

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Oregon   93-0816972
(State of Incorporation)  

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

One Centerpointe Drive, Suite 200, Lake Oswego, OR   97035
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(503) 684-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock, without par value, outstanding on March 30, 2016 was 28,094,347 shares.

 

 

 


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

From time to time, The Greenbrier Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Greenbrier or the Company) or their representatives have made or may make forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including, without limitation, statements as to expectations, beliefs and strategies regarding the future. Such forward-looking statements may be included in, but not limited to, press releases, oral statements made with the approval of an authorized executive officer or in various filings made by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements rely on a number of assumptions concerning future events and include statements relating to:

 

    availability of financing sources and borrowing base for working capital, other business development activities, capital spending and leased railcars for syndication (sale of railcars with lease attached);

 

    ability to renew, maintain or obtain sufficient credit facilities and financial guarantees on acceptable terms;

 

    ability to utilize beneficial tax strategies;

 

    ability to grow our businesses;

 

    ability to obtain lease and sales contracts which provide adequate protection against attempted modifications or cancellations, changes in interest rates and increased costs of materials and components;

 

    ability to obtain adequate insurance coverage at acceptable rates;

 

    ability to convert backlog of railcar orders and lease syndication commitments;

 

    ability to obtain adequate certification and licensing of products; and

 

    short-term and long-term revenue and earnings effects of the above items.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from the forward-looking statements:

 

    fluctuations in demand for newly manufactured railcars or marine barges;

 

    fluctuations in demand for wheels, repair services and parts;

 

    delays in receipt of orders, risks that contracts may be canceled or modified during their term, not renewed, unenforceable or breached by the customer and that customers may not purchase the amount of products or services under the contracts as anticipated;

 

    ability to maintain sufficient availability of credit facilities and to maintain compliance with or to obtain appropriate amendments to covenants under various credit agreements;

 

    domestic and global economic conditions including such matters as embargoes or quotas;

 

    global political or security conditions in the U.S., Europe, Latin America and the Middle East including such matters as terrorism, war, civil disruption and crime;

 

    sovereign risk related to international governments that includes, but is not limited to, governments stopping payments, repudiating their contracts, nationalizing private businesses and assets or altering foreign exchange regulations;

 

    growth or reduction in the surface transportation industry;

 

    ability to maintain good relationships with our labor force, third party labor providers and collective bargaining units representing our direct and indirect labor force;

 

    ability to maintain good relationships with our customers and suppliers;

 

    ability to renew or replace expiring customer contracts on satisfactory terms;

 

    ability to obtain and execute suitable lease contracts for leased railcars for syndication;

 

    steel and specialty component price fluctuations and availability, scrap surcharges, steel scrap prices and other commodity price fluctuations and availability and their impact on product demand and margin;

 

    delay or failure of acquired businesses or joint ventures, assets, start-up operations, or new products or services to compete successfully;

 

    changes in product mix and the mix of revenue levels among reporting segments;

 

2


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

    labor disputes, energy shortages or operating difficulties that might disrupt operations or the flow of cargo;

 

    production difficulties and product delivery delays as a result of, among other matters, costs or inefficiencies associated with expansion, start-up, or changing of production lines or changes in production rates, equipment failures, changing technologies, transfer of production between facilities or non-performance of alliance partners, subcontractors or suppliers;

 

    lower than anticipated lease renewal rates, earnings on utilization based leases or residual values for leased equipment;

 

    discovery of defects in railcars or services resulting in increased warranty costs or litigation;

 

    physical damage, business interruption or product or service liability claims that exceed our insurance coverage;

 

    commencement of and ultimate resolution or outcome of pending or future litigation and investigations;

 

    natural disasters or severe weather patterns that may affect either us, our suppliers or our customers;

 

    loss of business from, or a decline in the financial condition of, any of the principal customers that represent a significant portion of our total revenues;

 

    competitive factors, including introduction of competitive products, new entrants into certain of our markets, price pressures, limited customer base, and competitiveness of our manufacturing facilities and products;

 

    industry overcapacity and our manufacturing capacity utilization;

 

    decreases or write-downs in carrying value of inventory, goodwill, intangibles or other assets due to impairment;

 

    severance or other costs or charges associated with lay-offs, shutdowns, or reducing the size and scope of operations;

 

    changes in future maintenance or warranty requirements;

 

    ability to adjust to the cyclical nature of the industries in which we operate;

 

    changes in interest rates and financial impacts from interest rates;

 

    ability and cost to maintain and renew operating permits;

 

    actions or failures to act by various regulatory agencies including changing tank car or other rail car regulations;

 

    potential environmental remediation obligations;

 

    changes in commodity prices, including oil and gas;

 

    risks associated with our intellectual property rights or those of third parties, including infringement, maintenance, protection, validity, enforcement and continued use of such rights;

 

    expansion of warranty and product support terms beyond those which have traditionally prevailed in the rail supply industry;

 

    availability of a trained work force at a reasonable cost and with reasonable terms of employment;

 

    availability and/or price of essential raw materials, specialties or components, including steel castings, to permit manufacture of units on order;

 

    failure to successfully integrate joint ventures or acquired businesses;

 

    discovery of previously unknown liabilities associated with acquired businesses;

 

    failure of or delay in implementing and using new software or other technologies;

 

    the impact of cybersecurity risks and the costs of mitigating and responding to a data security breach;

 

    ability to replace maturing lease and management services revenue and earnings with revenue and earnings from new commercial transactions, including new railcar leases, additions to the lease fleet and new management services contracts;

 

    credit limitations upon our ability to maintain effective hedging programs;

 

    financial impacts from currency fluctuations and currency hedging activities in our worldwide operations;

 

    increased costs or other impacts due to changes in legislation, regulations or accounting pronouncements; and

 

    fraud, misconduct by employees and potential exposure to liabilities under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and other anti-corruption laws and regulations.

 

3


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Any forward-looking statements should be considered in light of these factors. Words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “forecast,” “potential,” “goal,” “contemplates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “hopes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “strategy,” “could,” “would,” “should,” “likely,” “will,” “may,” “can,” “designed to,” “future,” “foreseeable future” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Many of the important factors that will determine these results and values are beyond our ability to control or predict. You are cautioned not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Except as otherwise required by law, we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

All references to years refer to the fiscal years ended August 31st unless otherwise noted.

 

4


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Condensed Financial Statements

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     February 29,
2016
    August 31,
2015
 

Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 283,541      $ 172,930   

Restricted cash

     8,877        8,869   

Accounts receivable, net

     228,072        196,029   

Inventories

     421,243        445,535   

Leased railcars for syndication

     179,975        212,534   

Equipment on operating leases, net

     235,171        255,391   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     310,019        303,135   

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

     86,850        87,270   

Intangibles and other assets, net

     73,296        65,554   

Goodwill

     43,265        43,265   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,870,309      $ 1,790,512   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

    

Revolving notes

   $ 75,000      $ 50,888   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     401,010        455,213   

Deferred income taxes

     55,204        60,657   

Deferred revenue

     84,362        33,836   

Notes payable

     322,539        326,429   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

    

Equity:

    

Greenbrier

    

Preferred stock—without par value; 25,000 shares authorized; none outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock—without par value; 50,000 shares authorized; 28,094 and 28,907 shares outstanding at February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015

     —          —     

Additional paid-in capital

     272,502        295,444   

Retained earnings

     561,198        458,599   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (32,760     (21,205
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity – Greenbrier

     800,940        732,838   

Noncontrolling interest

     131,254        130,651   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     932,194        863,489   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,870,309      $ 1,790,512   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

 

5


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
    February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
 

Revenue

        

Manufacturing

   $ 454,531      $ 505,241      $ 1,153,192      $ 885,190   

Wheels & Parts

     90,458        102,640        169,187        189,264   

Leasing & Services

     124,090        22,268        149,089        50,753   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     669,079        630,149        1,471,468        1,125,207   

Cost of revenue

        

Manufacturing

     361,827        403,227        894,860        719,264   

Wheels & Parts

     81,388        92,768        154,390        169,640   

Leasing & Services

     105,973        8,844        117,562        22,925   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     549,188        504,839        1,166,812        911,829   

Margin

     119,891        125,310        304,656        213,378   

Selling and administrative expense

     38,244        32,899        74,793        66,628   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     (10,746     (121     (11,015     (204
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from operations

     92,393        92,532        240,878        146,954   

Other costs

        

Interest and foreign exchange

     1,417        1,929        6,853        5,070   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes and earnings
(loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     90,976        90,603        234,025        141,884   

Income tax expense

     (25,734     (29,372     (70,453     (45,426
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before earnings (loss) from
unconsolidated affiliates

     65,242        61,231        163,572        96,458   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     974        (185     1,357        570   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

     66,216        61,046        164,929        97,028   

Net earnings attributable to
noncontrolling interest

     (21,348     (10,695     (50,628     (13,891
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 44,868      $ 50,351      $ 114,301      $ 83,137   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic earnings per common share

   $ 1.54      $ 1.86      $ 3.91      $ 3.04   

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 1.41      $ 1.57      $ 3.55      $ 2.57   

Weighted average common shares:

        

Basic

     29,098        27,028        29,244        27,348   

Diluted

     32,360        33,073        32,542        33,395   

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.20      $ 0.15      $ 0.40      $ 0.30   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

 

6


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
    February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
 

Net earnings

   $ 66,216      $ 61,046      $ 164,929      $ 97,028   

Other comprehensive income

        

Translation adjustment

     (1,165     (6,241     (5,132     (9,691

Reclassification of derivative financial instruments

recognized in net earnings 1

     559        382        1,051        671   

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments 2

     (1,478     192        (7,530     (114

Other (net of tax effect)

     (6     8        (6     6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (2,090     (5,659     (11,617     (9,128
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     64,126        55,387        153,312        87,900   

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (21,359     (10,608     (50,566     (13,756
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 42,767      $ 44,779      $ 102,746      $ 74,144   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

1  Net of tax effect of $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February

28, 2015 and $0.5 million and $0.4 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015.

2  Net of tax effect of $0.9 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February

28, 2015 and $2.4 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

 

7


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Statements of Equity

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Attributable to Greenbrier              
     Common
Stock
Shares
    Additional
Paid-in Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Total
Attributable to
Greenbrier
    Attributable to
Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total Equity  

Balance September 1, 2015

     28,907      $ 295,444      $ 458,599      $ (21,205   $ 732,838      $ 130,651      $ 863,489   

Net earnings

     —          —          114,301        —          114,301        50,628        164,929   

Other comprehensive loss, net

     —          —          —          (11,555     (11,555     (62     (11,617

Noncontrolling interest adjustments

     —          —          —          —          —          2,815        2,815   

Purchase of noncontrolling interest

     —          —          —          —          —          (4     (4

Joint venture partner distribution declared

     —          —          —          —          —          (52,774     (52,774

Restricted stock awards (net of cancellations)

     242        (3,306     —          —          (3,306     —          (3,306

Unamortized restricted stock

     —          (789     —          —          (789     —          (789

Restricted stock amortization

     —          10,740        —          —          10,740        —          10,740   

Excess tax benefit from restricted
stock awards

     —          2,786        —          —          2,786        —          2,786   

Cash dividends

     —          —          (11,702     —          (11,702     —          (11,702

Repurchase of stock

     (1,055     (32,373     —          —          (32,373     —          (32,373
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance February 29, 2016

     28,094      $ 272,502      $ 561,198      $ (32,760   $ 800,940      $ 131,254      $ 932,194   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Attributable to Greenbrier              
     Common
Stock
Shares
    Additional
Paid-in Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Total
Attributable to
Greenbrier
    Attributable to
Noncontrolling
Interest
    Total Equity  

Balance September 1, 2014

     27,364      $ 235,763      $ 282,559      $ (6,932   $ 511,390      $ 62,331      $ 573,721   

Net earnings

     —          —          83,137        —          83,137        13,891        97,028   

Other comprehensive income, net

     —          —          —          (8,993     (8,993     (135     (9,128

Noncontrolling interest adjustments

     —          —          —          —          —          21,824        21,824   

Purchase of noncontrolling interest

     —          —          —          —          —          (80     (80

Joint venture partner distribution declared

     —          —          —          —          —          (4,565     (4,565

Restricted stock awards (net of cancellations)

     (82     (1,298     —          —          (1,298     —          (1,298

Unamortized restricted stock

     —          1,298        —          —          1,298        —          1,298   

Restricted stock amortization

     —          7,193        —          —          7,193        —          7,193   

Excess tax benefit from restricted stock awards

     —          3,858        —          —          3,858        —          3,858   

Conversion of convertible notes

     1        25        —          —          25        —          25   

Cash dividends

     —          —          (8,173     —          (8,173     —          (8,173

Repurchase of stock

     (863     (46,946     —          —          (46,946     —          (46,946
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance February 28, 2015

     26,420      $ 199,893      $ 357,523      $ (15,925   $ 541,491      $ 93,266      $ 634,757   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

 

8


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended  
     February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
 

Cash flows from operating activities

    

Net earnings

   $ 164,929      $ 97,028   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Deferred income taxes

     (5,287     (3,245

Depreciation and amortization

     27,842        22,398   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     (11,015     (204

Stock based compensation expense

     10,740        7,193   

Noncontrolling interest adjustments

     2,815        21,824   

Other

     491        549   

Decrease (increase) in assets:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     (30,356     (6,256

Inventories

     21,922        (116,432

Leased railcars for syndication

     (15,391     (75,564

Other

     (3,717     (355

Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

    

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     (55,448     37,521   

Deferred revenue

     41,790        7,750   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     149,315        (7,793
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities

    

Proceeds from sales of assets

     80,541        3,019   

Capital expenditures

     (27,974     (53,856

Investment in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates

     (5,140     (5,715

Decrease (increase) in restricted cash

     (8     418   

Other

     2,640        467   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     50,059        (55,667
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities

    

Net change in revolving notes with maturities of 90 days or less

     26,000        53,000   

Proceeds from revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     —          42,563   

Repayments of revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     (1,888     (18,081

Repayments of notes payable

     (3,730     (3,740

Debt issuance costs

     (4,149     —     

Decrease in restricted cash

     —          11,000   

Repurchase of stock

     (33,246     (46,946

Dividends

     (11,575     (8,016

Cash distribution to joint venture partner

     (53,543     (4,422

Excess tax benefit from restricted stock awards

     2,786        3,858   

Other

     (6     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (79,351     29,216   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

     (9,412     (5,160

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     110,611        (39,404

Cash and cash equivalents

    

Beginning of period

     172,930        184,916   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 283,541      $ 145,512   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for

    

Interest

   $ 6,928      $ 7,439   

Income taxes, net

   $ 63,050      $ 50,570   

Non-cash activity

    

Transfer from Leased railcars for syndication to Equipment on operating leases, net

   $ 45,615      $ 3,313   

Capital expenditures accrued in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

   $ 6,430      $ 4,451   

Change in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities associated with repurchase of stock

   $ 873      $ —     

Change in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities associated with cash distributions to joint venture partner

   $ 769      $ —     

Change in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities associated with dividends declared

   $ (127   $ 157   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements

 

9


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

Note 1 – Interim Financial Statements

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of The Greenbrier Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (Greenbrier or the Company) as of February 29, 2016, for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015 have been prepared without audit and reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, operating results and cash flows for the periods indicated. The results of operations for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year ending August 31, 2016.

Certain notes and other information have been condensed or omitted from the interim financial statements presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Management Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires judgment on the part of management to arrive at estimates and assumptions on matters that are inherently uncertain. These estimates may affect the amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities within the financial statements. Estimates and assumptions are periodically evaluated and may be adjusted in future periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Prospective Accounting Changes – In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) jointly issued a converged standard on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. The issued guidance converges the criteria for reporting revenue, and requires disclosures sufficient to describe the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from these contracts. Companies can transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The FASB issued a one year deferral and the new standard is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company plans to adopt this guidance beginning September 1, 2018. The Company is evaluating the impact of this standard as well as its method of adoption on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (ASU 2015-03). The FASB issued this update to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to present the debt issuance costs as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt liability rather than showing the debt issuance costs as an asset. The guidance is limited to the presentation of debt issuance costs and does not impact its recognition and measurement. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted, and is required to be applied on a retrospective basis. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2015-03 beginning September 1, 2016. As the adoption of this new accounting standard will only amend presentation and disclosure requirements, the adoption will not affect the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02). The new guidance supersedes existing guidance on accounting for leases in Topic 840 and is intended to increase the transparency and comparability of accounting for lease transactions. ASU 2016-02 requires most leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. Lessees will need to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The liability will be equal to the present value of lease payments. The asset will be based on the liability, subject to adjustment, such as for initial direct costs. For income statement purposes, the FASB retained a dual model, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or finance. Lessor accounting remains similar to the current model, but updated to align with certain changes to the lessee model and the new revenue recognition standard. The ASU will require both quantitative and qualitative disclosures regarding key information about leasing arrangements. The standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The new standard must be adopted using a

 

10


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

modified retrospective transition, and provides for certain practical expedients. Transition will require application of the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented. The Company plans to adopt this guidance beginning September 1, 2019. The Company is evaluating the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

Share Repurchase ProgramSince October 2013, the Board of Directors has authorized the Company to repurchase in aggregate up to $225 million of the Company’s common stock. The program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time without prior notice. Under the share repurchase program, shares of common stock may be purchased on the open market or through privately negotiated transactions from time-to-time. The timing and amount of purchases will be based upon market conditions, securities law limitations and other factors. The share repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares in any period.

During the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, the Company purchased a total of 533,061 and 1,054,687 shares for approximately $13.3 million and $32.4 million, respectively. As of February 29, 2016 the Company had cumulatively repurchased 3,206,226 shares for approximately $137.0 million and had $88.0 million available under the share repurchase program with an expiration date of January 1, 2018.

Note 2 – Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out) or market. Work-in-process includes material, labor and overhead. The following table summarizes the Company’s inventory balance:

 

(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 

Manufacturing supplies and raw materials

   $ 253,289       $ 311,880   

Work-in-process

     59,737         75,032   

Finished goods

     111,208         61,302   

Excess and obsolete adjustment

     (2,991      (2,679
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 421,243       $ 445,535   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 3 – Intangibles and Other Assets, net

Intangible assets that are determined to have finite lives are amortized over their useful lives. Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are not amortized and are periodically evaluated for impairment.

The following table summarizes the Company’s identifiable intangible and other assets balance:

 

(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 

Intangible assets subject to amortization:

     

Customer relationships

   $ 64,504       $ 65,023   

Accumulated amortization

     (35,020      (33,828

Other intangibles

     6,035         3,422   

Accumulated amortization

     (4,883      (3,121
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     30,636         31,496   

Intangible assets not subject to amortization

     912         912   

Prepaid and other assets

     16,920         13,111   

Nonqualified savings plan investments

     13,988         11,815   

Debt issuance costs, net

     6,443         3,823   

Assets held for sale

     4,397         4,397   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Intangible and other assets, net

   $ 73,296       $ 65,554   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Amortization expense for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 was $2.5 million and $3.8 million and for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015 was $0.9 million and $1.8 million. Amortization expense for the years ending August 31, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020 is expected to be $5.9 million, $4.1 million, $3.4 million, $3.4 million and $3.4 million.

 

11


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 4 – Revolving Notes

Senior secured credit facilities, consisting of three components, aggregated to $625.3 million as of February 29, 2016.

As of February 29, 2016, a $550.0 million revolving line of credit, maturing October 2020, secured by substantially all the Company’s assets in the U.S. not otherwise pledged as security for term loans, was available to provide working capital and interim financing of equipment, principally for the U.S. and Mexican operations. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.75% or Prime plus 0.75% depending on the type of borrowing. Available borrowings under the credit facility are generally based on defined levels of inventory, receivables, property, plant and equipment and leased equipment, as well as total debt to consolidated capitalization and fixed charges coverage ratios.

As of February 29, 2016, lines of credit totaling $15.3 million secured by certain of the Company’s European assets, with various variable rates that range from Warsaw Interbank Offered Rate (WIBOR) plus 1.2% to WIBOR plus 1.3%, were available for working capital needs of the European manufacturing operation. European credit facilities are continually being renewed. Currently these European credit facilities have maturities that range from February 2017 through June 2017.

As of February 29, 2016, the Company’s Mexican joint venture has three lines of credit totaling $60.0 million. The first line of credit provides up to $10.0 million and is secured by certain of the joint venture’s accounts receivable and inventory. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.5%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw amounts available under this facility through June 2016. The second line of credit provides up to $30.0 million and is fully guaranteed by the Company and its joint venture partner. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.0%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw against this facility through January 2019. The third line of credit provides up to $20.0 million, of which the Company and its joint venture partner have each guaranteed 50%. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.0%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw amounts available under this facility through August 2017.

As of February 29, 2016, outstanding commitments under the senior secured credit facilities consisted of $81.3 million in letters of credit and $75.0 million in revolving notes under the North American credit facility.

As of August 31, 2015, outstanding commitments under the senior secured credit facilities consisted of $47.2 million in letters of credit and $49.0 million in revolving notes under the North American credit facility and $1.9 million outstanding in revolving notes under the Mexican joint venture credit facilities.

 

12


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 5 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 

Trade payables

   $ 186,965       $ 263,665   

Other accrued liabilities

     82,766         64,584   

Accrued payroll and related liabilities

     63,451         70,836   

Income taxes payable

     31,330         22,465   

Accrued maintenance

     18,458         18,642   

Accrued warranty

     12,147         11,512   

Other

     5,893         3,509   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 401,010       $ 455,213   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 6 – Warranty Accruals

Warranty costs are estimated and charged to operations to cover a defined warranty period. The estimated warranty cost is based on the history of warranty claims for each particular product type. For new product types without a warranty history, preliminary estimates are based on historical information for similar product types. The warranty accruals, included in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets, are reviewed periodically and updated based on warranty trends and expirations of warranty periods.

Warranty accrual activity:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 11,609       $ 8,896       $ 11,512       $ 9,340   

Charged to cost of revenue, net

     1,463         1,299         2,884         1,946   

Payments

     (952      (829      (2,181      (1,803

Currency translation effect

     27         (178      (68      (295
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 12,147       $ 9,188       $ 12,147       $ 9,188   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

13


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 7 – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax effect as appropriate, consisted of the following:

 

(In thousands)    Unrealized
Loss on
Derivative
Financial
Instruments
     Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustment
     Other      Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 

Balance, August 31, 2015

   $ (2,194    $ (18,666    $ (345    $ (21,205

Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications

     (7,530      (5,070      (6      (12,606

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

     1,051         —           —           1,051   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, February 29, 2016

   $ (8,673    $ (23,736    $ (351    $ (32,760
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The amounts reclassified out of Accumulated other comprehensive loss into the Consolidated Statements of Income, with presentation location, were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended       
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     Financial Statement Location

Loss on derivative financial instruments:

        

Foreign exchange contracts

   $ 420       $ 127       Revenue and cost of revenue

Interest rate swap contracts

     387         450       Interest and foreign exchange
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
     807         577       Total before tax
     (248      (195    Tax expense
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
   $ 559       $ 382       Net of tax
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

     Six Months Ended       
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     Financial Statement Location

Loss on derivative financial instruments:

        

Foreign exchange contracts

   $ 686       $ 134       Revenue and cost of revenue

Interest rate swap contracts

     833         907       Interest and foreign exchange
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
     1,519         1,041       Total before tax
     (468      (370    Tax expense
  

 

 

    

 

 

    
   $ 1,051       $ 671       Net of tax
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

14


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 8 – Earnings Per Share

The shares used in the computation of the Company’s basic and diluted earnings per common share are reconciled as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Weighted average basic common shares outstanding (1)

     29,098         27,028         29,244         27,348   

Dilutive effect of 2018 Convertible notes (2)

     3,203         6,044         3,190         6,044   

Dilutive effect of 2026 Convertible notes (3)

     —           1         —           3   

Dilutive effect of performance based restricted stock units (4)

     59         —           108         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

     32,360         33,073         32,542         33,395   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Restricted stock grants and restricted stock units, including some grants subject to certain performance criteria, are included in weighted average basic common shares outstanding when the Company is in a net earnings position.
(2) The dilutive effect of the 2018 Convertible notes was included for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and the three and six months ended February 28, 2015 as they were considered dilutive under the “if converted” method as further discussed below.
(3) The dilutive effect of the 2026 Convertible notes was excluded for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 as the average stock price was less than the conversion price of $47.33 and therefore was considered anti-dilutive. The effect of the 2026 Convertible notes was included for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015 as the average stock price was greater than the applicable conversion price, as further described below.
(4) Restricted stock units that are subject to performance criteria, for which actual levels of performance above target have been achieved, are included in weighted average diluted common shares outstanding when the Company is in a net earnings position.

Dilutive EPS is calculated using the more dilutive of two approaches. The first approach includes the dilutive effect, using the treasury stock method, associated with shares underlying the 2026 Convertible notes and performance based restricted stock units that are subject to performance criteria, for which actual levels of performance above target have been achieved. The second approach supplements the first by including the “if converted” effect of the 2018 Convertible notes issued in March 2011. Under the “if converted” method, debt issuance and interest costs, both net of tax, associated with the convertible notes are added back to net earnings and the share count is increased by the shares underlying the convertible notes. The 2026 Convertible notes are included in the calculation of both approaches using the treasury stock method when the average stock price is greater than the applicable conversion price.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 44,868       $ 50,351       $ 114,301       $ 83,137   

Add back:

           

Interest and debt issuance costs on the 2018
Convertible notes, net of tax

     733         1,416         1,229         2,832   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before interest and debt issuance
costs on convertible notes

   $ 45,601       $ 51,767       $ 115,530       $ 85,969   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted common shares
outstanding

     32,360         33,073         32,542         33,395   

Diluted earnings per share (1)

   $ 1.41       $ 1.57       $ 3.55       $ 2.57   

 

(1) Diluted earnings per share was calculated as follows:

Earnings before interest and debt issuance costs (net of tax) on convertible notes

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

 

15


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 9 – Stock Based Compensation

The value of restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards is amortized as compensation expense from the date of grant through the earlier of the vesting period or the recipient’s eligible retirement date. Awards are expensed upon grant when the recipient’s eligible retirement date precedes the grant date.

Compensation expense for restricted stock and restricted stock unit grants was $5.4 million and $10.7 million for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, respectively and $3.8 million and $7.2 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015, respectively. Compensation expense related to restricted stock and restricted stock unit grants is recorded in Selling and administrative expense and Cost of revenue on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

Note 10 – Derivative Instruments

Foreign operations give rise to market risks from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Foreign currency forward exchange contracts with established financial institutions are utilized to hedge a portion of that risk. Interest rate swap agreements are used to reduce the impact of changes in interest rates on certain debt. The Company’s foreign currency forward exchange contracts and interest rate swap agreements are designated as cash flow hedges, and therefore the effective portion of unrealized gains and losses is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss.

At February 29, 2016 exchange rates, forward exchange contracts for the purchase of Polish Zlotys and the sale of Euros and U.S. Dollars; the purchase of Mexican Pesos and the sale of U.S. Dollars; and for the purchase of U.S. Dollars and the sale of Saudi Riyals aggregated to $430.6 million. The fair value of the contracts is included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as Accounts payable and accrued liabilities when there is a loss, or as Accounts receivable, net when there is a gain. As the contracts mature at various dates through September 2018, any such gain or loss remaining will be recognized in manufacturing revenue or cost of revenue along with the related transactions. In the event that the underlying transaction does not occur or does not occur in the period designated at the inception of the hedge, the amount classified in accumulated other comprehensive loss would be reclassified to the results of operations in Interest and foreign exchange at the time of occurrence.

At February 29, 2016, an interest rate swap agreement maturing in March 2020 had a notional amount of $93.9 million. The fair value of the contract is included in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. As interest expense on the underlying debt is recognized, amounts corresponding to the interest rate swap are reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss and charged or credited to interest expense. At February 29, 2016 interest rates, approximately $1.4 million would be reclassified to interest expense in the next 12 months.

Fair Values of Derivative Instruments

 

     Asset Derivatives      Liability Derivatives  
          February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
          February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 
(In thousands)    Balance sheet
location
   Fair
Value
     Fair
Value
     Balance sheet location    Fair
Value
     Fair
Value
 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments

     

Foreign forward

exchange contracts

   Accounts
receivable, net
   $ 4,699       $ 1,820       Accounts payable
and accrued liabilities
   $ 7,128       $ 737   

Interest rate swap

contracts

   Intangibles and
other assets, net
     —           —         Accounts payable
and accrued liabilities
     3,761         2,393   
     

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 
      $ 4,699       $ 1,820          $ 10,889       $ 3,130   
     

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments

     

Foreign forward

exchange contracts

   Accounts
receivable, net
   $ —         $ 93       Accounts payable
and accrued liabilities
   $ 108       $ 76   

 

16


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Statements of Income

 

Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships

   Location of gain (loss) recognized in
income on derivatives
     Gain (loss) recognized in income on
derivatives six months ended
 
            February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
 

Foreign forward exchange contract

     Interest and foreign exchange       $ (436   $ 81   

Interest rate swap contracts

     Interest and foreign exchange         138        69   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 
      $ (298   $ 150   
     

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Derivatives

in cash flow

hedging

relationships

   Gain (loss) recognized
in OCI on derivatives
(effective portion)
six months ended
   

Location of

loss

reclassified

from

accumulated

OCI into

income

   Loss reclassified from
accumulated OCI into
income (effective
portion)
six months ended
   

Location of

gain on

derivative

(ineffective

portion and

amount

excluded from

effectiveness

testing)

   Gain recognized on
derivative
(ineffective portion
and amount
excluded from
effectiveness
testing)
six months ended
 
     2/29/16     2/28/15          2/29/16     2/28/15          2/29/16      2/28/15  

Foreign forward exchange contracts

   $ (6,756   $ 1,204      Revenue    $ (491   $ (134   Revenue    $ 3,795       $ 792   

Foreign forward exchange contracts

     (982     —        Cost of revenue      (195     —        Cost of revenue      23         —     

Interest rate swap contracts

     (2,278     (1,925   Interest and foreign exchange      (833     (907   Interest and foreign exchange      —           —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ (10,016   $ (721      $ (1,519   $ (1,041      $ 3,818       $ 792   
  

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 11 – Segment Information

Greenbrier operates in four reportable segments: Manufacturing; Wheels & Parts; Leasing & Services; and GBW Joint Venture. The results of GBW Joint Venture are included as part of Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates as the Company accounts for its interest in GBW Railcar Services LLC (GBW) under the equity method of accounting.

The accounting policies of the segments are described in the summary of significant accounting policies in the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Company’s 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Performance is evaluated based on Earnings from operations. Corporate includes selling and administrative costs not directly related to goods and services and certain costs that are intertwined among segments due to our integrated business model. The Company does not allocate Interest and foreign exchange or Income tax expense for either external or internal reporting purposes. Intersegment sales and transfers are valued as if the sales or transfers were to third parties. Related revenue and margin are eliminated in consolidation and therefore are not included in consolidated results in the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

The information in the following table is derived directly from the segments’ internal financial reports used for corporate management purposes. The results of operations for the GBW Joint Venture are not reflected in the tables below as the investment is accounted for under the equity method of accounting.

 

17


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

For the three months ended February 29, 2016:

 

     Revenue     Earnings (loss) from operations  
(In thousands)    External      Intersegment     Total     External     Intersegment     Total  

Manufacturing

   $ 454,531       $ —        $ 454,531      $ 78,798      $ 17      $ 78,815   

Wheels & Parts

     90,458         7,200        97,658        6,506        761        7,267   

Leasing & Services

     124,090         3,133        127,223        24,412        3,133        27,545   

Eliminations

     —           (10,333     (10,333     —          (3,911     (3,911

Corporate

     —           —          —          (17,323     —          (17,323
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 669,079       $ —        $ 669,079      $ 92,393      $ —        $ 92,393   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

For the six months ended February 29, 2016:

 

  

     Revenue     Earnings (loss) from operations  
(In thousands)    External      Intersegment     Total     External     Intersegment     Total  

Manufacturing

   $ 1,153,192       $ —        $ 1,153,192      $ 232,502      $ 17      $ 232,519   

Wheels & Parts

     169,187         14,016        183,203        9,909        1,445        11,354   

Leasing & Services

     149,089         9,843        158,932        34,370        9,843        44,213   

Eliminations

     —           (23,859     (23,859     —          (11,305     (11,305

Corporate

     —           —          —          (35,903     —          (35,903
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,471,468       $ —        $ 1,471,468      $ 240,878      $ —        $ 240,878   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

For the three months ended February 28, 2015:

 

  

     Revenue     Earnings (loss) from operations  
(In thousands)    External      Intersegment     Total     External     Intersegment     Total  

Manufacturing

   $ 505,241       $ 81      $ 505,322      $ 90,876      $ 9      $ 90,885   

Wheels & Parts

     102,640         5,934        108,574        7,976        653        8,629   

Leasing & Services

     22,268         18,627        40,895        9,811        18,627        28,438   

Eliminations

     —           (24,642     (24,642     —          (19,289     (19,289

Corporate

     —           —          —          (16,131     —          (16,131
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 630,149       $ —        $ 630,149      $ 92,532      $ —        $ 92,532   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

For the six months ended February 28, 2015:

 

  

     Revenue     Earnings (loss) from operations  
(In thousands)    External      Intersegment     Total     External     Intersegment     Total  

Manufacturing

   $ 885,190       $ 7,501      $ 892,691      $ 142,927      $ 795      $ 143,722   

Wheels & Parts

     189,264         12,845        202,109        15,908        1,437        17,345   

Leasing & Services

     50,753         31,811        82,564        20,853        31,811        52,664   

Eliminations

     —           (52,157     (52,157     —          (34,043     (34,043

Corporate

     —           —          —          (32,734     —          (32,734
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,125,207       $ —        $ 1,125,207      $ 146,954      $ —        $ 146,954   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Total assets  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 

Manufacturing

   $ 624,961       $ 675,409   

Wheels & Parts

     307,724         291,798   

Leasing & Services

     551,763         549,073   

Unallocated

     385,861         274,232   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,870,309       $ 1,790,512   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

18


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Reconciliation of Earnings from operations to Earnings before income tax and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates:

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Earnings from operations

   $ 92,393       $ 92,532       $ 240,878       $ 146,954   

Interest and foreign exchange

     1,417         1,929         6,853         5,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before income tax and earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

   $ 90,976       $ 90,603       $ 234,025       $ 141,884   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The results of operations for the GBW Joint Venture are accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The GBW Joint Venture is the Company’s fourth reportable segment and information as of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015 are included in the tables below.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
     February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Revenue

   $ 97,700       $ 83,315       $ 193,682       $ 165,857   

Earnings (loss) from operations

   $ 3,626       $ (1,992     $ 6,034       $ (1,734

 

     Total Assets  
     February 29,
2016
     August 31,
2015
 

GBW (1)

   $ 247,707       $ 239,871   

 

(1)  Includes goodwill and intangible assets of $95.2 million and $96.9 million as of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015.

 

19


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 12 – Commitments and Contingencies

The Company’s Portland, Oregon manufacturing facility is located adjacent to the Willamette River. The Company has entered into a Voluntary Cleanup Agreement with the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in which the Company agreed to conduct an investigation of whether, and to what extent, past or present operations at the Portland property may have released hazardous substances into the environment.

In December 2000, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified portions of the Willamette River bed known as the Portland Harbor, including the portion fronting the Company’s manufacturing facility, as a federal “National Priority List” or “Superfund” site due to sediment contamination (the Portland Harbor Site). The Company and more than 140 other parties have received a “General Notice” of potential liability from the EPA relating to the Portland Harbor Site. The letter advised the Company that it may be liable for the costs of investigation and remediation (which liability may be joint and several with other potentially responsible parties) as well as for natural resource damages resulting from releases of hazardous substances to the site. At this time, ten private and public entities, including the Company (the Lower Willamette Group or LWG), have signed an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) to perform a remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) of the Portland Harbor Site under EPA oversight, and several additional entities have not signed such consent, but are nevertheless contributing money to the effort. The EPA-mandated RI/FS is being produced by the LWG and has cost over $110 million during a 15-year period. The Company has agreed to initially bear a percentage of the total costs incurred by the LWG in connection with the investigation. The Company’s aggregate expenditure has not been material during the 15-year period. Some or all of any such outlay may be recoverable from other responsible parties. The EPA expects the investigation to continue until 2017.

Eighty-three parties, including the State of Oregon and the federal government, have entered into a non-judicial mediation process to try to allocate costs associated with the Portland Harbor site. Approximately 110 additional parties have signed tolling agreements related to such allocations. On April 23, 2009, the Company and the other AOC signatories filed suit against 69 other parties due to a possible limitations period for some such claims; Arkema Inc. et al v. A & C Foundry Products, Inc. et al, U.S. District Court, District of Oregon, Case #3:09-cv-453-PK. All but 12 of these parties elected to sign tolling agreements and be dismissed without prejudice, and the case has now been stayed by the court, pending completion of the RI/FS. Although, as described below, the draft feasibility study has been submitted, the RI/FS will not be complete until the EPA approves it, which is not likely to occur until at least 2016.

A draft of the remedial investigation study was submitted by the LWG to the EPA on October 27, 2009. The draft feasibility study was submitted to the EPA on March 30, 2012. That draft feasibility study evaluates several alternative cleanup approaches. The approaches submitted would take from 2 to 28 years with costs ranging from $169 million to $1.8 billion for cleanup of the entire Portland Harbor Site, depending primarily on the selected remedial action levels. The draft feasibility study suggests costs ranging from $9 million to $163 million for cleanup of the area of the Willamette River adjacent to the Company’s Portland, Oregon manufacturing facility, depending primarily on the selected remedial action level. In August 2015, the EPA released its own draft feasibility study that suggests a significantly higher range of site-wide costs (from $790 million to $2.4 billion) and clean-up durations ranging from 4 to 18 years. The EPA study does not break those costs down by sub-area. The EPA is currently revising its draft feasibility study.

Neither draft feasibility study addresses responsibility for the costs of clean-up, allocates such costs among the potentially responsible parties, or defines precise boundaries for the cleanup. Responsibility for funding and implementing the EPA’s selected cleanup will be determined after the issuance of the Record of Decision, currently scheduled by the EPA for 2017. Based on the investigation to date, the Company believes that it did not contribute in any material way to contamination in the river sediments or the damage of natural resources in the Portland Harbor Site and that the damage in the area of the Portland Harbor Site adjacent to its property precedes its ownership of the Portland, Oregon manufacturing facility. Because these environmental investigations are still underway, sufficient information is currently not available to determine the Company’s liability, if any, for the cost of any required remediation or restoration of the Portland Harbor Site or to estimate a range of potential loss. Based on the results of the pending investigations and future assessments of natural resource damages, the Company may be required to incur costs associated with additional phases of investigation or remedial action, and may be liable for damages to natural resources. In addition, the Company may be required to perform periodic maintenance

 

20


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

dredging in order to continue to launch vessels from its launch ways in Portland, Oregon, on the Willamette River, and the river’s classification as a Superfund site could result in some limitations on future dredging and launch activities. Any of these matters could adversely affect the Company’s business and Consolidated Financial Statements, or the value of its Portland property.

The Company has also signed an Order on Consent with the DEQ to finalize the investigation of potential onsite sources of contamination that may have a release pathway to the Willamette River. Interim precautionary measures are also required in the order and the Company is currently discussing with the DEQ potential remedial actions which may be required. Our aggregate expenditure has not been material, however the Company could incur significant expenses for remediation. Some or all of any such outlay may be recoverable from other responsible parties.

From time to time, Greenbrier is involved as a defendant in litigation in the ordinary course of business, the outcome of which cannot be predicted with certainty. While the ultimate outcome of such legal proceedings cannot be determined at this time, management believes that the resolution of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements.

In accordance with customary business practices in Europe, the Company has $3.8 million in third party warranty guarantee facilities. To date no amounts have been drawn under these guarantee facilities.

As of February 29, 2016, the Mexican joint venture had $0.9 million of third party debt outstanding, for which the Company and its joint venture partner had each guaranteed approximately $0.4 million.

As of February 29, 2016, the Company had outstanding letters of credit aggregating $81.3 million associated with performance guarantees, facility leases and workers compensation insurance.

The Company made $2.6 million in cash contributions and $2.5 million in loans to GBW, an unconsolidated 50/50 joint venture, for the six months ended February 29, 2016. The Company expects to loan additional amounts of approximately $2.5 million during 2016. The Company is likely to make additional capital contributions or loans to GBW in the future. As of February 29, 2016, the Company had a $34.0 million note receivable balance from GBW which is included on the Consolidated Balance Sheet in Accounts receivable, net.

 

21


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 13 – Fair Value Measures

Certain assets and liabilities are reported at fair value on either a recurring or nonrecurring basis. Fair value, for this disclosure, is defined as an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants, under a three-tier fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

 

Level 1    -    observable inputs such as unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments;
Level 2    -    inputs, other than the quoted market prices in active markets for similar instruments, which are observable, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3    -    unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data available, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of February 29, 2016 were:

 

(In thousands)    Total      Level 1      Level 2 (1)      Level 3  

Assets:

           

Derivative financial instruments

   $ 4,699       $ —         $ 4,699       $ —     

Nonqualified savings plan

investments

     13,988         13,988         —           —     

Cash equivalents

     5,076         5,076         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 23,763       $ 19,064       $ 4,699       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative financial instruments

   $ 10,997       $ —         $ 10,997       $ —     

 

(1) Level 2 assets and liabilities include derivative financial instruments that are valued based on observable inputs. See Note 10 Derivative Instruments for further discussion.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of August 31, 2015 were:

 

(In thousands)    Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Assets:

           

Derivative financial instruments

   $ 1,913       $ —         $ 1,913       $ —     

Nonqualified savings plan

investments

     11,815         11,815         —           —     

Cash equivalents

     5,071         5,071         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 18,799       $ 16,886       $ 1,913       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

           

Derivative financial instruments

   $ 3,206       $ —         $ 3,206       $ —     

 

22


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 14 – Related Party Transactions

In April 2010, WLR–Greenbrier Rail Inc. (WLR-GBX) was formed and acquired a lease fleet of nearly 4,000 railcars valued at approximately $256.0 million. WLR-GBX is wholly owned by affiliates of WL Ross & Co, LLC (WL Ross) and a member of the Company’s board of directors, Wendy Teramoto, is also an affiliate of WL Ross. In September 2015, the Company purchased the entire remaining WLR-GBX lease fleet of 3,885 railcars for approximately $148.0 million plus a $1.0 million fee. The transaction was approved by the Company’s disinterested, independent directors. The Company intends to sell the railcars and underlying attached leases to third parties in the short-term and therefore has classified these railcars as Leased railcars for syndication on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. During the three months ended February 29, 2016, the Company sold to third parties 2,567 of these railcars with the underlying leases attached for $123.8 million. The Company recognized revenue on 1,979 of these railcars for $100.3 million and deferred revenue recognition on 588 of these railcars for $23.5 million due to the Company’s continuing involvement.

The Company and WL Ross have agreed that the Company will receive a preferred return on the proceeds of the sale of the portfolio, after which it will share a portion of the profits with WL Ross up to certain defined levels. The Company is first entitled to recoup its total investment plus a rate of return of 25%. The Company and WL Ross will then share in the profits up to certain defined levels. Once those defined levels have been met, the Company is entitled to receive 100% of the remaining profits. As of February 29, 2016, the Company has accrued $14.1 million which represents the portion of the profits for sales through February 29, 2016 that it anticipates will be paid to WL Ross pursuant to this agreement.

 

23


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Note 15 – Guarantor/Non-Guarantor

The convertible senior notes due 2026 (the “Notes”) issued on May 22, 2006 are fully and unconditionally and jointly and severally guaranteed by substantially all of Greenbrier’s material 100% owned U.S. subsidiaries: Autostack Company LLC; Greenbrier-Concarril, LLC; Greenbrier Leasing Company LLC; Greenbrier Leasing Limited Partner, LLC; Greenbrier Management Services, LLC; Greenbrier Leasing, L.P.; Greenbrier Railcar LLC; Gunderson LLC; Gunderson Marine LLC; Gunderson Rail Services LLC; Meridian Rail Holding Corp.; Meridian Rail Acquisition Corp.; Meridian Rail Mexico City Corp.; Brandon Railroad LLC; Gunderson Specialty Products, LLC; Greenbrier Railcar Leasing, Inc. and Greenbrier Rail Services Holdings, LLC. No other subsidiaries guarantee the Notes including Greenbrier Union Holdings I LLC; Greenbrier MUL Holdings I LLC; Greenbrier Leasing Limited; Greenbrier Europe B.V.; Greenbrier Europe Holdings B.V.; Greenbrier International Holdings II, LLC; Greenbrier Germany GmbH; WagonySwidnica S.A.; Zaklad Naprawczy Taboru Kolejowego Olawa sp. z o.o.; Zaklad Transportu Kolejowego SIARKOPOL sp. z o.o.; Gunderson-Concarril, S.A. de C.V.; Mexico Meridianrail Services, S.A. de C.V.; Greenbrier Railcar Services – Tierra Blanca S.A. de C.V.; YSD Doors, S.A. de C.V.; Greenbrier do Brasil Participações Ltda; Greenbrier Tank Components, LLC; Gunderson-GIMSA S.A. de C.V.; Greenbrier; S.A. de C.V.; Greenbrier Industries, S.A. de C.V. and Greenbrier-GIMSA, LLC.

The following represents the supplemental consolidating condensed financial information of Greenbrier and its guarantor and non-guarantor subsidiaries, as of February 29, 2016 and August 31, 2015, for the three and six months ended February 29, 2016 and for the three and six months ended February 28, 2015. The information is presented on the basis of Greenbrier accounting for its ownership of its wholly owned subsidiaries using the equity method of accounting. The equity method investment for each subsidiary is recorded by the parent in intangibles and other assets. Intercompany transactions of goods and services between the guarantor and non-guarantor subsidiaries are presented as if the sales or transfers were at fair value to third parties and eliminated in consolidation.

 

24


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet

February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent      Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Assets

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 128,078       $ 1,073       $ 154,390       $ —        $ 283,541   

Restricted cash

     —           1,973         6,904         —          8,877   

Accounts receivable, net

     4,677         580,026         21,066         (377,697     228,072   

Inventories

     —           243,198         190,272         (12,227     421,243   

Leased railcars for syndication

     —           185,410         —           (5,435     179,975   

Equipment on operating leases, net

     —           235,311         2,703         (2,843     235,171   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     9,019         101,754         199,246         —          310,019   

Goodwill

     —           43,265         —           —          43,265   

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

     1,313,934         183,369         19,857         (1,430,310     86,850   

Intangibles and other assets, net

     20,878         46,181         16,346         (10,109     73,296   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,476,586       $ 1,621,560       $ 610,784       $ (1,838,621   $ 1,870,309   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

             

Revolving notes

   $ 75,000       $ —         $ —         $ —        $ 75,000   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     419,016         232,014         177,737         (427,757     401,010   

Deferred income taxes

     14,984         60,162         —           (19,942     55,204   

Deferred revenue

     32,732         47,113         —           4,517        84,362   

Notes payable

     133,914         187,750         875         —          322,539   

Total equity—Greenbrier

     800,940         1,094,521         301,227         (1,395,748     800,940   

Noncontrolling interest

     —           —           130,945         309        131,254   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     800,940         1,094,521         432,172         (1,395,439     932,194   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,476,586       $ 1,621,560       $ 610,784       $ (1,838,621   $ 1,870,309   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

25


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income

For the three months ended February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue

          

Manufacturing

   $ (2,096   $ 255,398      $ 404,793      $ (203,564   $ 454,531   

Wheels & Parts

     —          91,371        —          (913     90,458   

Leasing & Services

     (784     124,833        1        40        124,090   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     (2,880     471,602        404,794        (204,437     669,079   

Cost of revenue

          

Manufacturing

     —          231,052        329,639        (198,864     361,827   

Wheels & Parts

     —          82,152        —          (764     81,388   

Leasing & Services

     —          106,000        —          (27     105,973   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —          419,204        329,639        (199,655     549,188   

Margin

     (2,880     52,398        75,155        (4,782     119,891   

Selling and administrative

     17,477        10,759        9,799        209        38,244   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     —          (10,486     1        (261     (10,746
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) from operations

     (20,357     52,125        65,355        (4,730     92,393   

Other costs

          

Interest and foreign exchange

     3,106        1,899        (3,302     (286     1,417   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (23,463     50,226        68,657        (4,444     90,976   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     1,220        (17,830     (10,344     1,220        (25,734
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (22,243     32,396        58,313        (3,224     65,242   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     67,111        12,132        (2     (78,267     974   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

     44,868        44,528        58,311        (81,491     66,216   

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (23,901     2,553        (21,348
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 44,868      $ 44,528      $ 34,410      $ (78,938   $ 44,868   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

26


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income

For the six months ended February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue

          

Manufacturing

   $ 3,047      $ 627,243      $ 916,785      $ (393,883   $ 1,153,192   

Wheels & Parts

     —          170,452        —          (1,265     169,187   

Leasing & Services

     60        149,015        1        13        149,089   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     3,107        946,710        916,786        (395,135     1,471,468   

Cost of revenue

          

Manufacturing

     —          528,590        755,105        (388,835     894,860   

Wheels & Parts

     —          155,494        —          (1,104     154,390   

Leasing & Services

     —          117,613        —          (51     117,562   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —          801,697        755,105        (389,990     1,166,812   

Margin

     3,107        145,013        161,681        (5,145     304,656   

Selling and administrative

     33,892        19,845        20,722        334        74,793   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     —          (10,642     2        (375     (11,015
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) from operations

     (30,785     135,810        140,957        (5,104     240,878   

Other costs

          

Interest and foreign exchange

     6,340        3,272        (2,473     (286     6,853   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (37,125     132,538        143,430        (4,818     234,025   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (3,523     (45,150     (22,927     1,147        (70,453
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (40,648     87,388        120,503        (3,671     163,572   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     154,949        14,106        (364     (167,334     1,357   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

     114,301        101,494        120,139        (171,005     164,929   

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (53,443     2,815        (50,628
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 114,301      $ 101,494      $ 66,696      $ (168,190   $ 114,301   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

27


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the three months ended February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 44,868      $ 44,528      $ 58,311      $ (81,491   $ 66,216   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

          

Translation adjustment

     1,527        —          (1,165     (1,527     (1,165

Reclassification of derivative financial instruments recognized in net earnings (loss)

     —          240        319        —          559   

Unrealized loss on derivative financial instruments

     (96     (1,046     (336     —          (1,478

Other (net of tax effect)

     —          —          (6     —          (6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,431        (806     (1,188     (1,527     (2,090
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     46,299        43,722        57,123        (83,018     64,126   

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (23,912     2,553        (21,359
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 46,299      $ 43,722      $ 33,211      $ (80,465   $ 42,767   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

28


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the six months ended February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 114,301      $ 101,494      $ 120,139      $ (171,005   $ 164,929   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

          

Translation adjustment

     1,527        —          (5,132     (1,527     (5,132

Reclassification of derivative financial instruments recognized in net earnings (loss)

     —          516        535        —          1,051   

Unrealized loss on derivative financial instruments

     (28     (1,412     (6,090     —          (7,530

Other (net of tax effect)

     —          —          (6     —          (6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,499        (896     (10,693     (1,527     (11,617
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     115,800        100,598        109,446        (172,532     153,312   

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (53,381     2,815        (50,566
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 115,800      $ 100,598      $ 56,065      $ (169,717   $ 102,746   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

29


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows

For the six months ended February 29, 2016

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

          

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 114,301      $ 101,494      $ 120,139      $ (171,005   $ 164,929   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

          

Deferred income taxes

     15,569        (12,164     435        (9,127     (5,287

Depreciation and amortization

     1,344        15,713        10,836        (51     27,842   

Net (gain) loss on disposition of equipment

     —          (10,642     2        (375     (11,015

Stock based compensation expense

     10,740        —          —          —          10,740   

Noncontrolling interest adjustments

     —          —          —          2,815        2,815   

Other

     —          (54     544        1        491   

Decrease (increase) in assets:

          

Accounts receivable, net

     44,794        (15,521     842        (60,471     (30,356

Inventories

     —          (52,405     65,809        8,518        21,922   

Leased railcars for syndication

     —          (9,817     —          (5,574     (15,391

Other

     (1,419     (1,199     (54,642     53,543        (3,717

Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

          

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     (29,978     (50,920     (27,894     53,344        (55,448

Deferred revenue

     32,732        9,058        —          —          41,790   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     188,083        (26,457     116,071        (128,382     149,315   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

          

Proceeds from sales of assets

     —          80,541        —          —          80,541   

Capital expenditures

     (1,961     (6,423     (19,590     —          (27,974

Investment in and net advances to unconsolidated affiliates

     (122,431     (12,618     —          129,909        (5,140

Increase in restricted cash

     —          (7     (1     —          (8

Other

     2,640        —          —          —          2,640   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (121,752     61,493        (19,591     129,909        50,059   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

          

Net changes in revolving notes with maturities of 90 days or less

     26,000        —          —          —          26,000   

Proceeds from revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     —          —          —          —          —     

Repayment of revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     —          —          (1,888     —          (1,888

Repayments of notes payable

     —          (3,511     (219     —          (3,730

Debt issuance costs

     (4,149     —          —          —          (4,149

Intercompany advances

     26,896        (28,589     1,693        —          —     

Repurchase of stock

     (33,246     —          —          —          (33,246

Dividends

     (11,575     —          —          —          (11,575

Cash distribution to joint venture

     —          —          (53,543     —          (53,543

Excess tax benefit from restricted stock awards

     2,786        —          —          —          2,786   

Other

     —          —          (6     —          (6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     6,712        (32,100     (53,963     —          (79,351
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

     1,500        (1,982     (7,403     (1,527     (9,412

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

     74,543        954        35,114        —          110,611   

Cash and cash equivalents

          

Beginning of period

     53,535        119        119,276        —          172,930   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 128,078      $ 1,073      $ 154,390      $ —        $ 283,541   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

30


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet

August 31, 2015

(In thousands)

 

     Parent      Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Assets

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 53,535       $ 119       $ 119,276       $ —        $ 172,930   

Restricted cash

     —           1,966         6,903         —          8,869   

Accounts receivable, net

     49,471         535,916         24,415         (413,773     196,029   

Inventories

     —           191,625         257,619         (3,709     445,535   

Leased railcars for syndication

     —           228,646         —           (16,112     212,534   

Equipment on operating leases, net

     —           255,130         2,901         (2,640     255,391   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     8,402         102,738         191,995         —          303,135   

Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

     1,209,698         169,659         21,369         (1,313,456     87,270   

Intangibles and other assets, net

     15,895         46,387         14,235         (10,963     65,554   

Goodwill

     —           43,265         —           —          43,265   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,337,001       $ 1,575,451       $ 638,713       $ (1,760,653   $ 1,790,512   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

             

Revolving notes

   $ 49,000       $ —         $ 1,888       $ —        $ 50,888   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     421,249         282,662         208,538         (457,236     455,213   

Deferred income taxes

     —           72,326         —           (11,669     60,657   

Deferred revenue

     —           33,792         —           44        33,836   

Notes payable

     133,914         191,422         1,093         —          326,429   

Total equity Greenbrier

     732,838         995,249         296,852         (1,292,101     732,838   

Noncontrolling interest

     —           —           130,342         309        130,651   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity

     732,838         995,249         427,194         (1,291,792     863,489   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 1,337,001       $ 1,575,451       $ 638,713       $ (1,760,653   $ 1,790,512   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

31


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income

For the three months ended February 28, 2015

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue

          

Manufacturing

   $ —        $ 322,665      $ 427,555      $ (244,979   $ 505,241   

Wheels & Parts

     —          103,706        —          (1,066     102,640   

Leasing & Services

     295        21,836        1        136        22,268   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     295        448,207        427,556        (245,909     630,149   

Cost of revenue

          

Manufacturing

     —          269,619        359,452        (225,844     403,227   

Wheels & Parts

     —          93,966        —          (1,198     92,768   

Leasing & Services

     —          8,868        —          (24     8,844   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —          372,453        359,452        (227,066     504,839   

Margin

     295        75,754        68,104        (18,843     125,310   

Selling and administrative

     14,477        8,522        10,146        (246     32,899   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     —          (120     —          (1     (121
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) from operations

     (14,182     67,352        57,958        (18,596     92,532   

Other costs

          

Interest and foreign exchange

     3,120        1,743        (2,934     —          1,929   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (17,302     65,609        60,892        (18,596     90,603   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (7,481     (16,420     (9,846     4,375        (29,372
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (24,783     49,189        51,046        (14,221     61,231   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     75,134        10,852        48        (86,219     (185
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

     50,351        60,041        51,094        (100,440     61,046   

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (19,429     8,734        (10,695
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 50,351      $ 60,041      $ 31,665      $ (91,706   $ 50,351   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

32


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Income

For the six months ended February 28, 2015

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue

          

Manufacturing

   $ —        $ 596,477      $ 793,301      $ (504,588   $ 885,190   

Wheels & Parts

     —          192,171        —          (2,907     189,264   

Leasing & Services

     173        50,302        1        277        50,753   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     173        838,950        793,302        (507,218     1,125,207   

Cost of revenue

          

Manufacturing

     —          505,271        673,225        (459,232     719,264   

Wheels & Parts

     —          172,624        —          (2,984     169,640   

Leasing & Services

     —          22,973        —          (48     22,925   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —          700,868        673,225        (462,264     911,829   

Margin

     173        138,082        120,077        (44,954     213,378   

Selling and administrative

     30,265        16,217        20,257        (111     66,628   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     —          (203     —          (1     (204
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) from operations

     (30,092     122,068        99,820        (44,842     146,954   

Other costs

          

Interest and foreign exchange

     6,105        3,349        (4,384     —          5,070   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before income taxes and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (36,197     118,719        104,204        (44,842     141,884   

Income tax (expense) benefit

     (8,691     (36,413     (14,671     14,349        (45,426
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) before earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     (44,888     82,306        89,533        (30,493     96,458   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     128,025        16,235        95        (143,785     570   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

     83,137        98,541        89,628        (174,278     97,028   

Net (earnings) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —          —          (35,577     21,686        (13,891
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 83,137      $ 98,541      $ 54,051      $ (152,592   $ 83,137   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

33


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the three months ended February 28, 2015

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent      Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 50,351       $ 60,041      $ 51,094      $ (100,440   $ 61,046   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

           

Translation adjustment

     —           (71     (6,170     —          (6,241

Reclassification of derivative financial instruments recognized in net earnings (loss)

     —           103        279        —          382   

Unrealized gain on derivative financial instruments

     —           (366     558        —          192   

Other (net of tax effect)

     —           —          8        —          8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —           (334     (5,325     —          (5,659
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     50,351         59,707        45,769        (100,440     55,387   

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —           —          (19,342     8,734        (10,608
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 50,351       $ 59,707      $ 26,427      $ (91,706   $ 44,779   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

34


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the six months ended February 28, 2015

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent      Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 83,137       $ 98,541      $ 89,628      $ (174,278   $ 97,028   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

           

Translation adjustment

     —           (119     (9,572     —          (9,691

Reclassification of derivative financial instruments recognized in net earnings (loss)

     —           562        109        —          671   

Unrealized gain on derivative financial instruments

     —           (1,197     1,083        —          (114

Other (net of tax effect)

     —           —          6        —          6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     —           (754     (8,374     —          (9,128
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

     83,137         97,787        81,254        (174,278     87,900   

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest

     —           —          (35,442     21,686        (13,756
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 83,137       $ 97,787      $ 45,812      $ (152,592   $ 74,144   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

35


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows

For the six months ended February 28, 2015

(In thousands, unaudited)

 

     Parent     Combined
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Combined
Non-
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

          

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 83,137      $ 98,541      $ 89,628      $ (174,278   $ 97,028   

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

          

Deferred income taxes

     2,846        (8,417     2,326        —          (3,245

Depreciation and amortization

     955        13,179        8,312        (48     22,398   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     —          (203     —          (1     (204

Stock based compensation expense

     7,193        —          —          —          7,193   

Noncontrolling interest adjustments

     —          —          —          21,824        21,824   

Other

     43        6        501        (1     549   

Decrease (increase) in assets:

          

Accounts receivable, net

     (19     19,260        7,687        (33,184     (6,256

Inventories

     —          (16,186     (100,168     (78     (116,432

Leased railcars for syndication

     —          (96,990     —          21,426        (75,564

Other

     1,542        1,726        (6,347     2,724        (355

Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

          

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     25,397        (16,725     41,013        (12,164     37,521   

Deferred revenue

     —          8,171        (421     —          7,750   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     121,094        2,362        42,531        (173,780     (7,793
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

          

Proceeds from sales of assets

     —          3,019        —          —          3,019   

Capital expenditures

     (4,618     (14,709     (34,927     398        (53,856

Investment in and net advances to unconsolidated affiliates

     (163,337     (15,760     —          173,382        (5,715

Decrease (increase) in restricted cash

     —          419        (1     —          418   

Other

     467        —          —          —          467   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     (167,488     (27,031     (34,928     173,780        (55,667
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

          

Net changes in revolving notes with maturities of 90 days or less

     53,000        —          —          —          53,000   

Proceeds from revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     —          —          42,563        —          42,563   

Repayment of revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

     —          —          (18,081     —          (18,081

Repayments of notes payable

     (5     (3,516     (219     —          (3,740

Intercompany advances

     (20,716     21,269        (553     —          —     

Decrease in restricted cash

     —          11,000        —          —          11,000   

Repurchase of stock

     (46,946     —          —          —          (46,946

Dividends

     (8,016     —          —          —          (8,016

Cash distribution to joint venture partner

     —          —          (4,422     —          (4,422

Excess tax benefit from restricted stock awards

     3,858        —          —          —          3,858   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (18,825     28,753        19,288        —          29,216   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

     —          (1,867     (3,293     —          (5,160

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (65,219     2,217        23,598        —          (39,404

Cash and cash equivalents

          

Beginning of period

     149,747        112        35,057        —          184,916   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $ 84,528      $ 2,329      $ 58,655      $ —        $ 145,512   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

36


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Executive Summary

We operate in four reportable segments: Manufacturing; Wheels & Parts; Leasing & Services; and GBW Joint Venture. Our segments are operationally integrated. The Manufacturing segment, operating from facilities in the United States, Mexico and Poland, produces double-stack intermodal railcars, tank cars, conventional railcars, automotive railcar products and marine vessels. The Wheels & Parts segment performs wheel and axle servicing, as well as production of a variety of parts for the railroad industry in North America. The Leasing & Services segment owns approximately 9,400 railcars (5,900 railcars held as equipment on operating leases, 2,900 held as leased railcars for syndication and 600 held as finished goods inventory) and provides management services for approximately 257,000 railcars for railroads, shippers, carriers, institutional investors and other leasing and transportation companies in North America. The GBW Joint Venture segment provides repair services at over 30 locations across North America, including more than 10 tank car repair and maintenance facilities certified by the Association of American Railroads (AAR). The results of these operations were included as part of Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates as we account for our interest in GBW under the equity method of accounting. We also produce rail castings and tank heads through unconsolidated joint ventures and have a 19.5% ownership stake in a railcar manufacturer in Brazil with an option to acquire an additional 40.5% ownership interest, which can be exercised no later than December 30, 2017.

Our total manufacturing backlog of railcar units as of February 29, 2016 was approximately 34,100 units with an estimated value of $3.96 billion, of which 29,700 units with a value of $3.57 billion are for direct sales and 4,400 units with a value of $0.39 billion are intended for syndications to third parties with a lease attached. Backlog as of February 28, 2015 was approximately 46,000 units with an estimated value of $4.78 billion. Currently, no orders in our February 29, 2016 backlog are intended to be placed into our owned lease fleet. Multi-year supply agreements are a part of rail industry practice. A portion of the orders included in backlog reflects an assumed product mix. Under terms of the orders, the exact mix will be determined in the future, which may impact the dollar amount of backlog. Marine backlog as of February 29, 2016 was $18 million compared to $78 million as of February 28, 2015.

Our backlog of railcar units and marine vessels is not necessarily indicative of future results of operations. Certain orders in backlog are subject to customary documentation and completion of terms. Customer orders contain terms and conditions customary in the industry. Customers may attempt to cancel or modify orders in backlog. In most cases, little variation has been experienced between the quantity ordered and the quantity actually delivered, though the timing of deliveries may be modified from time to time. We cannot guarantee that our reported railcar backlog will convert to revenue in any particular period, if at all.

In September 2015, we purchased a portfolio of 3,885 railcars from a related party for approximately $148.0 million plus a $1.0 million fee. We intend to resell the railcars and underlying attached leases to third parties in the short-term and therefore have classified these railcars as Leased railcars for syndication on our Consolidated Balance Sheet. During the three months ended February 29, 2016, we sold to third parties 2,567 of these railcars with the underlying leases attached for $123.8 million. We recognized revenue on 1,979 of these railcars for $100.3 million and deferred revenue recognition on 588 of these railcars for $23.5 million due to our continuing involvement. The gross proceeds from the sale of these railcars with leases attached were recorded as revenue and the cost of purchasing these railcars was recorded in cost of revenue within our Leasing & Services segment.

 

37


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Three Months Ended February 29, 2016 Compared to Three Months Ended February 28, 2015

Overview

Revenue, cost of revenue, margin and operating profit presented below, include amounts from external parties and exclude intersegment activity that is eliminated in consolidation.

 

     Three Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Revenue:

     

Manufacturing

   $ 454,531       $ 505,241   

Wheels & Parts

     90,458         102,640   

Leasing & Services

     124,090         22,268   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     669,079         630,149   

Cost of revenue:

     

Manufacturing

     361,827         403,227   

Wheels & Parts

     81,388         92,768   

Leasing & Services

     105,973         8,844   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     549,188         504,839   

Margin:

     

Manufacturing

     92,704         102,014   

Wheels & Parts

     9,070         9,872   

Leasing & Services

     18,117         13,424   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     119,891         125,310   

Selling and administrative

     38,244         32,899   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     (10,746      (121
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings from operations

     92,393         92,532   

Interest and foreign exchange

     1,417         1,929   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes and earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     90,976         90,603   

Income tax expense

     (25,734      (29,372
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     65,242         61,231   

Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates

     974         (185)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings

     66,216         61,046   

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (21,348      (10,695
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 44,868       $ 50,351   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 1.41       $ 1.57   

Performance for our segments is evaluated based on operating profit. Corporate includes selling and administrative costs not directly related to goods and services and certain costs that are intertwined among segments due to our integrated business model. Management does not allocate Interest and foreign exchange or Income tax expense for either external or internal reporting purposes.

 

     Three Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Operating profit (loss):

     

Manufacturing

   $ 78,798       $ 90,876   

Wheels & Parts

     6,506         7,976   

Leasing & Services

     24,412         9,811   

Corporate

     (17,323      (16,131
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 92,393       $ 92,532   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

38


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Results

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 669,079      $ 630,149      $ 38,930        6.2

Cost of revenue

   $ 549,188      $ 504,839      $ 44,349        8.8

Margin (%)

     17.9     19.9     (2.0 %)      *   

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 44,868      $ 50,351      $ (5,483     (10.9 %) 

 

* Not meaningful

Through our integrated business model, we provide a broad range of custom products and services in each of our segments, which have various average selling prices and margins. The demand for and mix of products and services delivered changes from period to period which causes fluctuations in our results of operations.

The 6.2% increase in revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the three months ended February 28, 2015 was primarily due to a 457.3% increase in Leasing & Services revenue which was primarily the result of the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party. This was partially offset by a 10.0% decrease in Manufacturing revenue primarily due to a 14% decrease in the volume of railcar deliveries. In addition, the increase in Leasing & Services revenue was partially offset by an 11.9% decrease in Wheels & Parts revenue as a result of lower wheel set, component and parts volumes due to a decrease in demand and a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

The 8.8% increase in cost of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the three months ended February 28, 2015 was due to an increase in Leasing & Services cost of revenue which was the result of costs associated with the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party. This was partially offset by a 10.3% decrease in Manufacturing cost of revenue primarily due to a decrease of 14% in the volume of railcar deliveries. In addition, the increase in Leasing & Services cost of revenue was partially offset by a 12.3% decrease in Wheels & Parts cost of revenue due to lower wheel set, component and parts costs associated with decreased volumes.

Margin as a percentage of revenue was 17.9% and 19.9% for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The overall 2.0% decrease in margin percentage was due to a decrease in Leasing & Services margin. Leasing & Services margin decreased to 14.6% from 60.3% primarily as a result of a lower margin percentage on the syndication of railcars purchased from a related third party. This was partially offset by an increase in Manufacturing margin to 20.4% from 20.2% due to a change in product mix. In addition, the decrease in Leasing & Services margin was partially offset by an increase in Wheels & Parts margin to 10.0% from 9.6% primarily due to a more favorable parts product mix.

The $5.5 million decrease in net earnings for the three months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the three months ended February 28, 2015 was primarily attributable to a decrease in margin due to lower railcar deliveries and an increase in net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest. These were partially offset by an increase in net gain on disposition of equipment as compared to the prior comparable period.

 

39


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Manufacturing Segment

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 454,531      $ 505,241      $ (50,710     (10.0 %) 

Cost of revenue

   $ 361,827      $ 403,227      $ (41,400     (10.3 %) 

Margin (%)

     20.4     20.2     0.2     *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 78,798      $ 90,876      $ (12,078     (13.3 %) 

Operating profit (%)

     17.3     18.0     (0.7 %)      *   

Deliveries

     4,500        5,200        (700     (13.5 %) 

 

* Not meaningful

Manufacturing revenue was $454.5 million and $505.2 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Manufacturing revenue decreased $50.7 million or 10.0% primarily due to a 14% decrease in the volume of railcar deliveries. This was partially offset by a mix which had a higher average selling price as compared to the prior comparable period as a result of a change in product mix.

Manufacturing cost of revenue was $361.8 million and $403.2 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue decreased $41.4 million or 10.3% due to a decrease of 14% in the volume of railcar deliveries. This was partially offset by an increase in cost of revenue associated with a mix which had a higher average labor and material content.

Manufacturing margin as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 was 20.4% compared to 20.2% for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The 0.2% increase in margin was primarily due to a change in product mix partially offset by lower volumes of new railcar sales with leases attached which typically result in higher sales prices and margins.

Manufacturing operating profit was $78.8 million or 17.3% of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and $90.9 million or 18.0% of revenue for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The $12.1 million or 13.3% decrease in operating profit was primarily attributed to a decrease in margin due to lower railcar deliveries.

 

40


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Wheels & Parts Segment

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 90,458      $ 102,640      $ (12,182     (11.9 %) 

Cost of revenue

   $ 81,388      $ 92,768      $ (11,380     (12.3 %) 

Margin (%)

     10.0     9.6     0.4     *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 6,506      $ 7,976      $ (1,470     (18.4 %) 

Operating profit (%)

     7.2     7.8     (0.6 %)      *   

 

* Not meaningful

Wheels & Parts revenue was $90.5 million and $102.6 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The $12.2 million or 11.9% decrease in revenue was primarily a result of lower wheel set, component and parts volumes due to a decrease in demand and a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

Wheels & Parts cost of revenue was $81.4 million and $92.8 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue decreased $11.4 million or 12.3% primarily due to lower wheel set, component and parts costs associated with decreased volumes.

Wheels & Parts margin as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 was 10.0% compared to 9.6% for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The increase in margin was primarily due to a more favorable parts product mix partially offset by a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

Wheels & Parts operating profit was $6.5 million or 7.2% of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and $8.0 million or 7.8% of revenue for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The $1.5 million or 18.4% decrease in operating profit was primarily attributed to a decrease in margin due to a decrease in volumes.

 

41


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Leasing & Services Segment

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 124,090      $ 22,268      $ 101,822        457.3

Cost of revenue

   $ 105,973      $ 8,844      $ 97,129        1,098.2

Margin (%)

     14.6     60.3     (45.7 %)      *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 24,412      $ 9,811      $ 14,601        148.8

Operating profit (%)

     19.7     44.1     (24.4 %)      *   

 

* Not meaningful

Leasing & Services revenue was $124.1 million and $22.3 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The $101.8 million or 457.3% increase in revenue was primarily the result of the sale of railcars for $100.3 million that we purchased from a related third party with the intent to resell them. The gross proceeds from the sale of these railcars with leases attached were recorded as revenue and the cost of purchasing these railcars was recorded in cost of revenue. The increase in revenue was also attributed to a higher average volume of rent-producing leased railcars for syndication, which are held short term and classified as Leased railcars for syndication on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Leasing & Services cost of revenue was $106.0 million and $8.8 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue increased $97.1 million primarily due to costs associated with the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party.

Leasing & Services margin as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 was 14.6% compared to 60.3% for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The 45.7% decrease was primarily as a result of a lower margin percentage on the syndication of railcars purchased from a related third party. This was partially offset by a higher average volume of rent-producing leased railcars for syndication.

Leasing & Services operating profit was $24.4 million or 19.7% of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and $9.8 million or 44.1% of revenue for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The $14.6 million or 148.8% increase in operating profit was primarily attributed to an increase in net gain on disposition of equipment and an increase in margin due to the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party.

The percentage of owned units on lease at February 29, 2016 was 86.0% compared to 99.5% at February 28, 2015.

 

42


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

GBW Joint Venture Segment

GBW, an unconsolidated 50/50 joint venture, generated total revenue of $97.7 million and $83.3 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The increase in revenue of $14.4 million was primarily due to a favorable change in mix, an increase in volume and favorable pricing.

GBW margin as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 was 10.3% compared to 4.5% for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The increase was primarily attributed to an increase in labor efficiencies in the current year.

To reflect our 50% share of GBW’s results, we recorded earnings of $1.3 million and a loss of $0.3 million in Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates for the three months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively.

Selling and Administrative Expense

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended      Increase
(Decrease)
     %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
       

Selling and administrative expense

   $ 38,244       $ 32,899       $ 5,345         16.2

Selling and administrative expense was $38.2 million or 5.7% of revenue for the three months ended February 29, 2016 compared to $32.9 million or 5.2% of revenue for the prior comparable period. The $5.3 million increase was primarily attributed to a $3.9 million increase in employee-related costs including long-term and short-term incentive compensation and additional headcount. The increase was also attributed to a $1.4 million increase in consulting costs primarily associated with strategic business development and IT initiatives.

Net Gain on Disposition of Equipment

Net gain on disposition of equipment was $10.7 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016, compared to $0.1 million for the prior comparable period. Assets from our lease fleet (Equipment on operating leases, net) are periodically sold in the normal course of business in order to take advantage of market conditions and to manage risk and liquidity.

 

43


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Other Costs

Interest and foreign exchange expense was composed of the following:

 

(In thousands)    Three Months Ended      Increase
(Decrease)
 
   February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
    

Interest and foreign exchange:

        

Interest and other expense

   $ 4,691       $ 4,965       $ (274

Foreign exchange gain

     (3,274      (3,036      (238
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,417       $ 1,929       $ (512
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The $0.5 million decrease in interest and foreign exchange expense from the prior comparable period was primarily attributed to a $0.3 million decrease in interest expense as a result of lower average borrowings as compared to the prior year. In addition, the decrease in interest and foreign exchange expense was attributed to a $0.2 million increase in foreign exchange gain as compared to the prior comparable period primarily attributed to the change in the Mexican Peso relative to the U.S. Dollar.

Income Tax

The tax rate for the three months ended February 29, 2016 was 28.3%, compared to 32.4% for the three months ended February 28, 2015. The decrease in the tax rate was primarily attributable to a change in the proportion of projected pre-tax earnings attributable to our Mexican railcar manufacturing joint venture.

The tax rate can fluctuate period-to-period due to changes in the projected mix of foreign and domestic pre-tax earnings and due to discrete tax items booked within the interim period. It can also fluctuate with changes in the proportion of projected pre-tax earnings attributable to our Mexican railcar manufacturing joint venture because the joint venture is predominantly treated as a partnership for tax purposes and, as a result, the partnership’s entire pre-tax earnings are included in Earnings before income taxes and earnings from unconsolidated affiliates, whereas only our 50% share of the tax is included in Income tax expense.

Earnings (Loss) From Unconsolidated Affiliates

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates was $1.0 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 compared to a loss from unconsolidated affiliates of $0.2 million for the three months ended February 28, 2015. Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates primarily included our share of after-tax results from our castings joint venture and our share of after-tax results from our GBW Joint Venture including eliminations associated with GBW transactions with other Greenbrier entities. In addition, the three months ended February 29, 2016 included our share of after-tax results from our 19.5% ownership stake in a railcar manufacturer in Brazil.

Noncontrolling Interest

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest was $21.3 million for the three months ended February 29, 2016 compared to $10.7 million in the prior comparable period. These amounts primarily represent our joint venture partner’s share in the results of operations of our Mexican railcar manufacturing joint venture, adjusted for intercompany sales. The increase of $10.6 million from the prior year is primarily a result of higher margins and lower volumes of intercompany activity.

 

44


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Six Months Ended February 29, 2016 Compared to Six Months Ended February 28, 2015

Overview

Revenue, cost of revenue, margin and operating profit presented below, include amounts from external parties and exclude intersegment activity that is eliminated in consolidation.

 

(In thousands)    Six Months Ended  
   February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Revenue:

     

Manufacturing

   $ 1,153,192       $ 885,190   

Wheels & Parts

     169,187         189,264   

Leasing & Services

     149,089         50,753   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,471,468         1,125,207   

Cost of revenue:

     

Manufacturing

     894,860         719,264   

Wheels & Parts

     154,390         169,640   

Leasing & Services

     117,562         22,925   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,166,812         911,829   

Margin:

     

Manufacturing

     258,332         165,926   

Wheels & Parts

     14,797         19,624   

Leasing & Services

     31,527         27,828   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     304,656         213,378   

Selling and administrative

     74,793         66,628   

Net gain on disposition of equipment

     (11,015      (204
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings from operations

     240,878         146,954   

Interest and foreign exchange

     6,853         5,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes and earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

     234,025         141,884   

Income tax expense

     (70,453      (45,426
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

     163,572         96,458   

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

     1,357         570   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings

     164,929         97,028   

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

     (50,628      (13,891
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 114,301       $ 83,137   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per common share

   $ 3.55       $ 2.57   

Performance for our segments is evaluated based on operating profit. Corporate includes selling and administrative costs not directly related to goods and services and certain costs that are intertwined among segments due to our integrated business model. Management does not allocate Interest and foreign exchange or Income tax expense for either external or internal reporting purposes.

 

     Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Operating profit (loss):

     

Manufacturing

   $ 232,502       $ 142,927   

Wheels & Parts

     9,909         15,908   

Leasing & Services

     34,370         20,853   

Corporate

     (35,903      (32,734
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 240,878       $ 146,954   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

45


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Consolidated Results

 

(In thousands)    Six Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 1,471,468      $ 1,125,207      $ 346,261        30.8

Cost of revenue

   $ 1,166,812      $ 911,829      $ 254,983        28.0

Margin (%)

     20.7     19.0     1.7     *   

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

   $ 114,301      $ 83,137      $ 31,164        37.5

 

* Not meaningful

Through our integrated business model, we provide a broad range of custom products and services in each of our segments, which have various average selling prices and margins. The demand for and mix of products and services delivered changes from period to period which causes fluctuations in our results of operations.

The 30.8% increase in revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the six months ended February 28, 2015 was primarily due to a 30.3% increase in Manufacturing revenue. The increase in Manufacturing revenue was primarily due to a 25% increase in the volume of railcar deliveries with a mix that had a higher average selling price. In addition, the increase in revenue was due a 193.8% increase in Leasing & Services revenue which was primarily the result of an increase in the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party. These were partially offset by a 10.6% decrease in Wheels & Parts revenue as a result of lower wheel set, component and parts volumes due to a decrease in demand and a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

The 28.0% increase in cost of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the six months ended February 28, 2015 was due to a 24.4% increase in Manufacturing cost of revenue. The increase in Manufacturing cost of revenue was due to an increase of 25% in the volume of railcar deliveries with a mix that had a higher average labor and material content. This was partially offset by improved production efficiencies. In addition, the increase in revenue was due a 412.8% increase in Leasing & Services cost of revenue which was primarily the result of an increase in the costs associated with the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party. These were partially offset by a 9.0% decrease in Wheels & Parts cost of revenue as a result of lower wheel set, component and parts costs associated with decreased volumes.

Margin as a percentage of revenue was 20.7% and 19.0% for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The overall 1.7% increase in margin percentage was due to an increase in Manufacturing margin which increased to 22.4% from 18.7% primarily due to a change in product mix and improved production efficiencies. This was partially offset by a decrease in Leasing & Services margin to 21.1% from 54.8% primarily as a result of a lower margin percentage on the syndication of railcars purchased from a related third party. In addition, the increase in Manufacturing margin was partially offset by a decrease in Wheels & Parts margin to 8.7% from 10.4% due to lower wheel set and component volumes and a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

The $31.2 million increase in net earnings for the six months ended February 29, 2016 as compared to the six months ended February 28, 2015 was primarily attributable to an increase in margin due to higher railcar deliveries.

 

46


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Manufacturing Segment

 

(In thousands)    Six Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
   February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 1,153,192      $ 885,190      $ 268,002        30.3

Cost of revenue

   $ 894,860      $ 719,264      $ 175,596        24.4

Margin (%)

     22.4     18.7     3.7     *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 232,502      $ 142,927      $ 89,575        62.7

Operating profit (%)

     20.2     16.1     4.1     *   

Deliveries

     11,500        9,200        2,300        25.0

 

* Not meaningful

Manufacturing revenue was $1.2 billion and $0.9 billion for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Manufacturing revenue increased $0.3 billion or 30.3% primarily due to a 25% increase in the volume of railcar deliveries with a mix which had a higher average selling price as compared to the prior comparable period as a result of a change in product mix.

Manufacturing cost of revenue was $894.9 million and $719.3 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue increased $175.6 million or 24.4% due to an increase of 25% in the volume of railcar deliveries with a mix which had a higher average labor and material content. This was partially offset by improved production efficiencies.

Manufacturing margin as a percentage of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was 22.4% compared to 18.7% for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The 3.7% increase in margin was primarily due to a change in product mix and improved production efficiencies. This was partially offset by lower volumes of new railcar sales with leases attached which typically result in higher sales prices and margins.

Manufacturing operating profit was $232.5 million or 20.2% of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and $142.9 million or 16.1% of revenue for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The $89.6 million or 62.7% increase in operating profit was primarily attributed to an increase in margin due to higher railcar deliveries.

 

47


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Wheels & Parts Segment

 

(In thousands)    Six Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
     February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 169,187      $ 189,264      $ (20,077     (10.6 %) 

Cost of revenue

   $ 154,390      $ 169,640      $ (15,250     (9.0 %) 

Margin (%)

     8.7     10.4     (1.7 %)      *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 9,909      $ 15,908      $ (5,999     (37.7 %) 

Operating profit (%)

     5.9     8.4     (2.5 %)      *   

* Not meaningful

Wheels & Parts revenue was $169.2 million and $189.3 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The $20.1 million or 10.6% decrease in revenue was primarily a result of lower wheel set, component and parts volumes due to a decrease in demand and a decrease in scrap metal pricing.

Wheels & Parts cost of revenue was $154.4 million and $169.6 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue decreased $15.3 million or 9.0% primarily due to lower wheel set, component and parts costs associated with decreased volumes.

Wheels & Parts margin as a percentage of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was 8.7% compared to 10.4% for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The 1.7% decrease in margin was due to lower wheel set and component volumes and a decrease in scrap metal pricing. These were partially offset by a more favorable parts product mix.

Wheels & Parts operating profit was $9.9 million or 5.9% of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and $15.9 million or 8.4% of revenue for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The $6.0 million or 37.7% decrease in operating profit was primarily attributed to a decrease in margin due to a decrease in volumes.

 

48


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Leasing & Services Segment

 

     Six Months Ended     Increase
(Decrease)
    %
Change
 
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
    February 28,
2015
     

Revenue

   $ 149,089      $ 50,753      $ 98,336        193.8

Cost of revenue

   $ 117,562      $ 22,925      $ 94,637        412.8

Margin (%)

     21.1     54.8     (33.7 %)      *   

Operating profit ($)

   $ 34,370      $ 20,853      $ 13,517        64.8

Operating profit (%)

     23.1     41.1     (18.0 %)      *   

* Not meaningful

Leasing & Services revenue was $149.1 million and $50.8 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The $98.3 million or 193.8% increase in revenue was primarily the result of the sale of railcars for $100.3 million that we purchased from a related third party with the intent to resell them. The gross proceeds from the sale of these railcars with leases attached were recorded as revenue and the cost of purchasing these railcars was recorded in cost of revenue. The increase in revenue was also attributed to a higher average volume of rent-producing leased railcars for syndication, which are held short term and classified as Leased railcars for syndication on our Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Leasing & Services cost of revenue was $117.6 million and $22.9 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Cost of revenue increased $94.6 million or 412.8% primarily due to an increase in costs associated with the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party.

Leasing & Services margin as a percentage of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was 21.1% compared to 54.8% for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The 33.7% decrease was primarily as a result of a lower margin percentage on the syndication of railcars purchased from a related third party. This was partially offset by a higher average volume of rent-producing leased railcars for syndication.

Leasing & Services operating profit was $34.4 million or 23.1% of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and $20.9 million or 41.1% of revenue for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The $13.5 million or 64.8% increase in operating profit was primarily attributed to an increase in net gain on disposition of equipment and an increase in margin due to the sale of railcars that we purchased from a related third party.

 

49


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

GBW Joint Venture Segment

GBW, an unconsolidated 50/50 joint venture, generated total revenue of $193.7 million and $165.9 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. The increase in revenue of $27.8 million was primarily due to a favorable change in mix, an increase in volume and favorable pricing.

GBW margin as a percentage of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was 9.8% compared to 5.3% for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The increase was primarily attributed to an increase in labor efficiencies in the current year. In addition, the prior year included integration and startup costs.

To reflect our 50% share of GBW’s results, we recorded earnings of $2.1 million and $0.1 million in Earnings (loss) from unconsolidated affiliates for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively.

Selling and Administrative Expense

 

     Six Months Ended      Increase
(Decrease)
     %
Change
 
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
       

Selling and administrative expense

   $ 74,793       $ 66,628       $ 8,165         12.3

Selling and administrative expense was $74.8 million or 5.1% of revenue for the six months ended February 29, 2016 compared to $66.6 million or 5.9% of revenue for the prior comparable period. The $8.2 million increase was primarily attributed to a $9.0 million increase in employee-related costs including long-term and short-term incentive compensation and additional headcount. The increase was also attributed to a $2.2 million increase in consulting costs primarily associated with strategic business development and IT initiatives. This was partially offset by the prior year including $1.9 million in legal, accounting and consulting costs associated with the previously disclosed investigation at our Concarril manufacturing facility.

Net Gain on Disposition of Equipment

Net gain on disposition of equipment was $11.0 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016, compared to $0.2 million for the prior comparable period. Assets from our lease fleet (Equipment on operating leases, net) are periodically sold in the normal course of business in order to take advantage of market conditions and to manage risk and liquidity.

 

50


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Other Costs

Interest and foreign exchange expense was composed of the following:

 

     Six Months Ended      Increase
(Decrease)
 
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
    

Interest and foreign exchange:

        

Interest and other expense

   $ 9,549       $ 9,765       $ (216

Foreign exchange gain

     (2,696      (4,695      1,999   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 6,853       $ 5,070       $ 1,783   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The $1.8 million increase in interest and foreign exchange expense was primarily attributed to a $2.0 million decrease in foreign exchange gain from the prior comparable period primarily attributed to the change in the Mexican Peso relative to the U.S. Dollar.

Income Tax

The tax rate for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was 30.1%, compared to 32.0% for the six months ended February 28, 2015.

The tax rate can fluctuate period-to-period due to changes in the projected mix of foreign and domestic pre-tax earnings and due to discrete tax items booked within the interim period. It can also fluctuate with changes in the proportion of projected pre-tax earnings attributable to our Mexican railcar manufacturing joint venture because the joint venture is predominantly treated as a partnership for tax purposes and, as a result, the partnership’s entire pre-tax earnings are included in Earnings before income taxes and earnings from unconsolidated affiliates, whereas only our 50% share of the tax is included in Income tax expense.

Earnings (Loss) From Unconsolidated Affiliates

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates was $1.4 million and $0.6 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates primarily included our share of after-tax results from our castings joint venture and our share of after-tax results from our GBW Joint Venture including eliminations associated with GBW transactions with other Greenbrier entities. In addition, the six months ended February 29, 2016 included our share of after-tax results from our 19.5% ownership stake in a railcar manufacturer in Brazil.

Noncontrolling Interest

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest was $50.6 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 compared to $13.9 million in the prior comparable period. These amounts primarily represent our joint venture partner’s share in the results of operations of our Mexican railcar manufacturing joint venture, adjusted for intercompany sales. The increase of $36.7 million from the prior year is primarily a result of the joint venture operating at higher production rates with higher margins and lower volumes of intercompany activity.

 

51


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

     Six Months Ended  
(In thousands)    February 29,
2016
     February 28,
2015
 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

   $ 149,315       $ (7,793

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     50,059         (55,667

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (79,351      29,216   

Effect of exchange rate changes

     (9,412      (5,160
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

   $ 110,611       $ (39,404
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We have been financed through cash generated from operations and borrowings. At February 29, 2016, cash and cash equivalents were $283.5 million, an increase of $110.6 million from $172.9 million at August 31, 2015.

Cash provided by operating activities was $149.3 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 compared to cash used in operating activities of $7.8 million for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The change from the prior year was primarily due to higher earnings, a change in working capital needs, an increase in leased railcars for syndication and an increase in deferred revenue primarily associated with advanced payments received and transactions for which revenue recognition has been deferred due to continuing involvement.

Cash provided by and used in investing activities primarily related to capital expenditures net of proceeds from the sale of assets. Cash provided by investing activities for the six months ended February 29, 2016 was $50.1 million compared to cash used in investing activities of $55.7 million for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The change was attributed to higher proceeds from the sale of assets and lower capital expenditures for the six months ended February 29, 2016 compared to the prior year.

Capital expenditures totaled $28.0 million and $53.9 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Proceeds from the sale of assets, which primarily related to sales of railcars from our lease fleet within Leasing & Services, were approximately $80.5 million and $3.0 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively. Proceeds from the sale of assets for the six months ended February 29, 2016 included approximately $31.6 million of equipment that was transferred from Leased railcars for syndication to Equipment on operating leases, net and sold pursuant to a sale and leaseback.

Approximately $22.7 million and $41.0 million of capital expenditures for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively were attributable to Manufacturing operations. Capital expenditures for Manufacturing are expected to be approximately $55.0 million in 2016 and primarily relate to maintenance and enhancements of our existing manufacturing facilities.

Approximately $2.9 million and $9.4 million of capital expenditures for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively were attributable to Leasing & Services operations and corporate. Leasing & Services and corporate capital expenditures for 2016 are expected to be approximately $30.0 million. Proceeds from sales of leased railcar equipment are expected to be approximately $81.0 million for 2016. Assets from our lease fleet are periodically sold in the normal course of business in order to take advantage of market conditions and to manage risk and liquidity.

Approximately $2.4 million and $3.5 million of capital expenditures for the six months ended February 29, 2016 and February 28, 2015, respectively were attributable to Wheels & Parts operations. Capital expenditures for Wheels & Parts are expected to be approximately $8.0 million in 2016 for maintenance and enhancements of our existing facilities.

Cash used in financing activities was $79.4 million for the six months ended February 29, 2016 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $29.2 million for the six months ended February 28, 2015. The change from the prior year was primarily attributed to a decrease in proceeds from debt, net of repayments and an increase in cash distributions to our joint venture partner.

 

52


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

A quarterly dividend of $0.20 per share was declared on March 30, 2016.

Since October 2013, the Board of Directors has authorized our company to repurchase in aggregate up to $225 million of our common stock. During the three and six months ended February 29, 2016, we purchased a total of 533,061 and 1,054,687 shares for approximately $13.3 million and $32.4 million, respectively. As of February 29, 2016 we had cumulatively repurchased 3,206,226 shares for approximately $137.0 million and had $88.0 million available under the share repurchase program with an expiration date of January 1, 2018.

Senior secured credit facilities, consisting of three components, aggregated to $625.3 million as of February 29, 2016. We had an aggregate of $297.4 million available to draw down under committed credit facilities as of February 29, 2016. This amount consists of $222.1 million available on the North American credit facility, $15.3 million on the European credit facilities and $60.0 million on the Mexican joint venture credit facilities.

As of February 29, 2016, a $550.0 million revolving line of credit secured by substantially all of our assets in the U.S. not otherwise pledged as security for term loans, maturing October 2020, was available to provide working capital and interim financing of equipment, principally for the U.S. and Mexican operations. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.75% or Prime plus 0.75% depending on the type of borrowing. Available borrowings under the credit facility are generally based on defined levels of inventory, receivables, property, plant and equipment and leased equipment, as well as total debt to consolidated capitalization and fixed charges coverage ratios.

As of February 29, 2016, lines of credit totaling $15.3 million secured by certain of our European assets, with various variable rates that range from Warsaw Interbank Offered Rate (WIBOR) plus 1.2% to WIBOR plus 1.3%, were available for working capital needs of the European manufacturing operation. European credit facilities are continually being renewed. Currently these European credit facilities have maturities that range from February 2017 through June 2017.

As of February 29, 2016 our Mexican joint venture had three lines of credit totaling $60.0 million. The first line of credit provides up to $10.0 million and is secured by certain of the joint venture’s accounts receivable and inventory. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.5%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw amounts available under this facility through June 2016. The second line of credit provides up to $30.0 million and is fully guaranteed by us and our joint venture partner. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.0%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw against this facility through January 2019. The third line of credit provides up to $20.0 million, of which we and our joint venture partner have each guaranteed 50%. Advances under this facility bear interest at LIBOR plus 2.0%. The Mexican joint venture will be able to draw amounts available under this facility through August 2017.

As of February 29, 2016, outstanding commitments under the senior secured credit facilities consisted of $81.3 million in letters of credit and $75.0 million in revolving notes under the North American credit facility.

The revolving and operating lines of credit, along with notes payable, contain covenants with respect to us and our various subsidiaries, the most restrictive of which, among other things, limit our ability to: incur additional indebtedness or guarantees; pay dividends or repurchase stock; enter into sale leaseback transactions; create liens; sell assets; engage in transactions with affiliates, including joint ventures and non U.S. subsidiaries, including but not limited to loans, advances, equity investments and guarantees; enter into mergers, consolidations or sales of substantially all our assets; and enter into new lines of business. The covenants also require certain maximum ratios of debt to total capitalization and minimum levels of fixed charges (interest plus rent) coverage. As of February 29, 2016, we were in compliance with all such restrictive covenants.

We may from time to time seek to repurchase or otherwise retire or exchange securities, including outstanding borrowings and equity securities, and take other steps to reduce our debt or otherwise improve our balance sheet. These actions may include open market repurchases, unsolicited or solicited privately negotiated transactions or other retirements, repurchases or exchanges. Such repurchases or exchanges, if any, will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, prevailing market conditions, trading levels of our debt, our liquidity requirements and contractual restrictions, if applicable.

 

53


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

We have global operations that conduct business in their local currencies as well as other currencies. To mitigate the exposure to transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency, we enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts with established financial institutions to protect the margin on a portion of foreign currency sales in firm backlog. Given the strong credit standing of the counterparties, no provision has been made for credit loss due to counterparty non-performance.

As of February 29, 2016, the Mexican joint venture had $0.9 million of third party debt, of which we and our joint venture partner have each guaranteed approximately $0.4 million.

In accordance with customary business practices in Europe, we have $3.8 million in third party warranty guarantee facilities as of February 29, 2016. To date no amounts have been drawn under these guarantee facilities.

We made $2.6 million in cash contributions and $2.5 million in loans to GBW, an unconsolidated 50/50 joint venture, for the six months ended February 29, 2016. We expect to loan additional amounts of approximately $2.5 million during 2016. We are likely to make additional capital contributions or loans to GBW in the future. As of February 29, 2016, we had a $34.0 million note receivable balance from GBW which is included on the Consolidated Balance Sheet in Accounts receivable, net.

We expect existing funds and cash generated from operations, together with proceeds from financing activities including borrowings under existing credit facilities and long-term financings, to be sufficient to fund dividends, working capital needs, additional investments in GBW, planned capital expenditures and expected debt repayments during the next twelve months.

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not currently have off balance sheet arrangements that have or are likely to have a material current or future effect on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

54


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires judgment on the part of management to arrive at estimates and assumptions on matters that are inherently uncertain. These estimates may affect the amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities within the financial statements. Estimates and assumptions are periodically evaluated and may be adjusted in future periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Income taxes - For financial reporting purposes, income tax expense is estimated based on amounts anticipated to be reported on tax return filings. Those anticipated amounts may change from when the financial statements are prepared to when the tax returns are filed. Further, because tax filings are subject to review by taxing authorities, there is risk that a position taken in preparation of a tax return may be challenged by a taxing authority. If a challenge is successful, differences in tax expense or between current and deferred tax items may arise in future periods. Any material effect of such differences would be reflected in the financial statements when management considers the effect probable of occurring and the amount reasonably estimable. Valuation allowances reduce deferred tax assets to amounts more likely than not that will be realized based on information available when the financial statements are prepared. This information may include estimates of future income and other assumptions that are inherently uncertain.

Maintenance obligations - We are responsible for maintenance on a portion of the managed and owned lease fleet under the terms of maintenance obligations defined in the underlying lease or management agreement. The estimated maintenance liability is based on maintenance histories for each type and age of railcar. These estimates involve judgment as to the future costs of repairs and the types and timing of repairs required over the lease term. As we cannot predict with certainty the prices, timing and volume of maintenance needed in the future on railcars under long-term leases, this estimate is uncertain and could be materially different from maintenance requirements. The liability is periodically reviewed and updated based on maintenance trends and known future repair or refurbishment requirements. These adjustments could be material due to the inherent uncertainty in predicting future maintenance requirements.

Warranty accruals - Warranty costs to cover a defined warranty period are estimated and charged to operations. The estimated warranty cost is based on historical warranty claims for each particular product type. For new product types without a warranty history, preliminary estimates are based on historical information for similar product types. These estimates are inherently uncertain as they are based on historical data for existing products and judgment for new products. If warranty claims are made in the current period for issues that have not historically been the subject of warranty claims and were not taken into consideration in establishing the accrual or if claims for issues already considered in establishing the accrual exceed expectations, warranty expense may exceed the accrual for that particular product. Conversely, there is the possibility that claims may be lower than estimates. The warranty accrual is periodically reviewed and updated based on warranty trends. However, as we cannot predict future claims, the potential exists for the difference in any one reporting period to be material.

Environmental costs - At times we may be involved in various proceedings related to environmental matters. We estimate future costs for known environmental remediation requirements and accrue for them when it is probable that we have incurred a liability and the related costs can be reasonably estimated based on currently available information. If further developments in or resolution of an environmental matter result in facts and circumstances that are significantly different than the assumptions used to develop these reserves, the accrual for environmental remediation could be materially understated or overstated. Adjustments to these liabilities are made when additional information becomes available that affects the estimated costs to study or remediate any environmental issues or when expenditures for which reserves are established are made. Due to the uncertain nature of environmental matters, there can be no assurance that we will not become involved in future litigation or other proceedings or, if we were found to be responsible or liable in any litigation or proceeding, that such costs would not be material to us.

 

55


THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Revenue recognition - Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured.

Railcars are generally manufactured, repaired or refurbished and wheels and parts produced under firm orders from third parties. Revenue is recognized when these products or services are completed, accepted by an unaffiliated customer and contractual contingencies removed. Certain leases are operated under car hire arrangements whereby revenue is earned based on utilization, car hire rates and terms specified in the lease agreement. Car hire revenue is reported from a third party source two months in arrears; however, such revenue is accrued in the month earned based on estimates of use from historical activity and is adjusted to actual as reported. These estimates are inherently uncertain as they involve judgment as to the estimated use of each railcar. Adjustments to actual have historically not been significant. Revenues from construction of marine barges are either recognized on the percentage of completion method during the construction period or on the completed contract method based on the terms of the contract. Under the percentage of completion method, judgment is used to determine a definitive threshold against which progress towards completion can be measured to determine timing of revenue recognition. Under the percentage of completion method, revenue is recognized based on the progress toward contract completion measured by actual costs incurred to date in relation to the estimate of total expected costs. Under the completed contract method, revenue is not recognized until the project has been fully completed.

We will periodically sell railcars with leases attached to financial investors. Revenue and cost of revenue associated with railcars that the Company has manufactured are recognized in Manufacturing once sold. Revenue and cost of revenue associated with railcars which were obtained from a third party with the intent to resell them and subsequently sold are recognized in Leasing & Services. In addition we will often perform management or maintenance services at market rates for these railcars. Pursuant to the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 840-20-40, we evaluate the terms of any remarketing agreements and any contractual provisions that represent retained risk and the level of retained risk based on those provisions. We determine whether the level of retained risk exceeds 10% of the individual fair value of the railcars with leases attached that are delivered. For any contracts with multiple elements (i.e. railcars, maintenance, management services, etc.) we allocate revenue among the deliverables primarily based upon objective and reliable evidence of the fair value of each element in the arrangement. If objective and reliable evidence of fair value of any element is not available, we will use the element’s estimated selling price for purposes of allocating the total arrangement consideration among the elements.

Impairment of long-lived assets - When changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of certain long-lived assets may not be recoverable, the assets are evaluated for impairment. If the forecast undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment charge to reduce the carrying value of the assets to fair value is recognized in the current period. These estimates are based on the best information available at the time of the impairment and could be materially different if circumstances change. If the forecast undiscounted future cash flows exceeded the carrying amount of the assets it would indicate that the assets were not impaired.

Goodwill and acquired intangible assets - We periodically acquire businesses in purchase transactions in which the allocation of the purchase price may result in the recognition of goodwill and other intangible assets. The determination of the value of such intangible assets requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates affect the amount of future period amortization and possible impairment charges.

Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment annually during the third quarter. Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are also tested more frequently if changes in circumstances or the occurrence of events indicates that a potential impairment exists. When changes in circumstances, such as a decline in the market price of our common stock, changes in demand or in the numerous variables associated with the judgments, assumptions and estimates made in assessing the appropriate valuation of goodwill indicate the carrying amount of certain indefinite lived assets may not be recoverable, the assets are evaluated for impairment. Among other things, our assumptions used in the valuation of goodwill include growth of revenue and margins, market multiples, discount rates and increased cash flows over time. If actual operating results were to differ from these assumptions, it may result in an impairment of our goodwill.

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

The provisions of ASC 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, require that we perform a two-step impairment test on goodwill. In the first step, we compare the fair value of each reporting unit with its carrying value. We determine the fair value of our reporting units based on a weighting of income and market approaches. Under the income approach, we calculate the fair value of a reporting unit based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. Under the market approach, we estimate the fair value based on observed market multiples for comparable businesses. The second step of the goodwill impairment test is required only in situations where the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value as determined in the first step. In the second step, we would compare the implied fair value of goodwill to its carrying value. The implied fair value of goodwill is determined by allocating the fair value of a reporting unit to all of the assets and liabilities of that unit as if the reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination and the fair value of the reporting unit was the price paid to acquire the reporting unit. The excess of the fair value of a reporting unit over the amounts assigned to its assets and liabilities is the implied fair value of goodwill. An impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying amount of the reporting unit goodwill exceeds the implied fair value of that goodwill. The goodwill balance relates to the Wheels & Parts segment.

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

We have global operations that conduct business in their local currencies as well as other currencies. To mitigate the exposure to transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of each entity, we enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to protect revenue or margin on a portion of forecast foreign currency sales and expenses. At February 29, 2016 exchange rates, forward exchange contracts the purchase of Polish Zlotys and the sale of Euros and U.S. Dollars; the purchase of Mexican Pesos and the sale of U.S. Dollars; and for the purchase of U.S. Dollars and the sale of Saudi Riyals aggregated to $430.6 million. Because of the variety of currencies in which purchases and sales are transacted and the interaction between currency rates, it is not possible to predict the impact a movement in a single foreign currency exchange rate would have on future operating results.

In addition to exposure to transaction gains or losses, we are also exposed to foreign currency exchange risk related to the net asset position of our foreign subsidiaries. At February 29, 2016, net assets of foreign subsidiaries aggregated $52.9 million and a 10% strengthening of the U.S. Dollar relative to the foreign currencies would result in a decrease in equity of $5.3 million, or 0.7% of Total equity—Greenbrier. This calculation assumes that each exchange rate would change in the same direction relative to the U.S. Dollar.

Interest Rate Risk

We have managed a portion of our variable rate debt with interest rate swap agreements, effectively converting $93.9 million of variable rate debt to fixed rate debt. As a result, we are exposed to interest rate risk relating to our revolving debt and a portion of term debt, which are at variable rates. At February 29, 2016, 57% of our outstanding debt had fixed rates and 43% had variable rates. At February 29, 2016, a uniform 10% increase in variable interest rates would result in approximately $0.4 million of additional annual interest expense.

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Item 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management has evaluated, under the supervision and with the participation of our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act). Based on that evaluation, our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner, and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our President and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended February 29, 2016 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

There is hereby incorporated by reference the information disclosed in Note 12 to Consolidated Financial Statements, Part I of this quarterly report.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

This Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the risk factors and information disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2015. There have been no material changes in the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2015.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Since October 2013, the Board of Directors has authorized the Company to repurchase in aggregate up to $225 million of the Company’s common stock. The program may be modified, suspended or discontinued at any time without prior notice and currently has an expiration date of January 1, 2018. Under the share repurchase program, shares of common stock may be purchased on the open market or through privately negotiated transactions from time-to-time. The timing and amount of purchases will be based upon market conditions, securities law limitations and other factors. The share repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares in any period.

Shares repurchased under the share repurchase program during the three months ended February 29, 2016 were as follows:

 

Period

   Total Number of
Shares Purchased
     Average Price
Paid Per Share
(Including
Commissions)
     Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of
Publically
Announced Plans
or Programs
     Approximate
Dollar Value of
Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
 

December 1, 2015—December 31, 2015

     —           —           —         $ 101,284,774   

January 1, 2016—January 31, 2016

     283,869       $ 24.68         283,869       $ 94,279,182   

February 1, 2016—February 29, 2016

     249,192       $ 25.24         249,192       $ 87,989,491   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    
     533,061            533,061      
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

(a) List of Exhibits:

 

10.1    Amendment No. 1 to the Greenbrier Companies Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan Adoption Agreement for Directors, dated December 15, 2015.
10.2    Amendment No. 5 to the Greenbrier Companies Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan Adoption Agreement, dated December 8, 2015.
10.3    Consulting Services Agreement between Greenbrier Leasing Company LLC and Charles J. Swindells, dated January 7, 2016.
10.4    Separation and Consulting Agreement between the Registrant and William G. Glenn, dated February 26, 2016.
10.5    First Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated February 29, 2016, among Greenbrier Leasing Company LLC, Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent, and the lenders identified therein.
31.1    Certification pursuant to Rule 13a – 14 (a).
31.2    Certification pursuant to Rule 13a – 14 (a).
32.1    Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2    Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101    The following financial information from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended February 29, 2016 formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) and furnished electronically herewith: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income; (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Equity; (v) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (vi) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.