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EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32 - PTC INC.ptc01022016ex32q1.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - PTC INC.ptc01022016ex311q1.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - PTC INC.ptc01022016ex312q1.htm
EX-10.1 - EXHIBIT 10.1 - PTC INC.ptc01022016ex101q1.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended January 2, 2016
Commission File Number: 0-18059
____________________________________________________
PTC Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________________________________

Massachusetts
 
04-2866152
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
140 Kendrick Street, Needham, MA 02494
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(781) 370-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
____________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer
þ
  
Accelerated filer
¨
  
Non-accelerated filer
¨
  
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
  
 
 
  
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)
  
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  þ
There were 114,531,686 shares of our common stock outstanding on February 8, 2016.




Important Update Regarding Quarter-End Results
 
Our results for the three months ended January 2, 2016 included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q reflect an accrual reversal of $1.6 million related to a legal proceeding which was resolved in our favor after we initially reported our results for the first quarter of 2016 in our Earnings Release on Form 8-K on January 20, 2016.  As a result, operating income and net income for the quarter ended January 2, 2016 are $1.6 million higher than initially reported.


i


PTC Inc.
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended January 2, 2016

 
 
Page
Number
Part I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Part II—OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1A.
Item 6.




PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

PTC Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
296,797

 
$
273,417

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $935 and $998 at January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively
161,402

 
197,275

Prepaid expenses
56,536

 
56,365

Other current assets
144,853

 
140,819

Deferred tax assets

 
36,803

Total current assets
659,588

 
704,679

Property and equipment, net
60,878

 
65,162

Goodwill
1,086,230

 
1,069,041

Acquired intangible assets, net
317,670

 
291,301

Deferred tax assets
49,631

 
38,936

Other assets
41,896

 
40,794

Total assets
$
2,215,893

 
$
2,209,913

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
12,171

 
$
13,361

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
94,617

 
97,613

Accrued compensation and benefits
94,726

 
82,414

Accrued income taxes
4,105

 
4,010

Deferred tax liabilities

 
1,622

Current portion of long term debt

 
50,000

Deferred revenue
373,768

 
368,240

Total current liabilities
579,387

 
617,260

Long term debt, net of current portion
718,125

 
618,125

Deferred tax liabilities
13,704

 
42,361

Deferred revenue
15,498

 
18,610

Other liabilities
53,242

 
53,386

Total liabilities
1,379,956

 
1,349,742

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 5,000 shares authorized; none issued

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 500,000 shares authorized; 114,532 and 113,745 shares issued and outstanding at January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively
1,145

 
1,137

Additional paid-in capital
1,561,795

 
1,553,390

Accumulated deficit
(626,506
)
 
(602,614
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(100,497
)
 
(91,742
)
Total stockholders’ equity
835,937

 
860,171

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
2,215,893

 
$
2,209,913






The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


PTC Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

 
Three months ended
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
Revenue:
 
 
 
Subscription
$
22,176

 
$
14,223

Support
171,756

 
181,629

Total recurring software revenue
193,932

 
195,852

Perpetual license
47,763

 
64,748

Total software revenue
241,695

 
260,600

Professional services
49,322

 
64,842

Total revenue
291,017

 
325,442

Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
Cost of software revenue
36,814

 
34,725

Cost of professional services revenue
43,333

 
58,217

Total cost of revenue
80,147

 
92,942

Gross margin
210,870

 
232,500

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
82,429

 
89,484

Research and development
57,669

 
61,097

General and administrative
38,567

 
35,130

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
8,350

 
9,413

Restructuring charges
37,147

 
(255
)
Total operating expenses
224,162

 
194,869

Operating income (loss)
(13,292
)
 
37,631

Interest and other expense, net
(6,253
)
 
(3,224
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
(19,545
)
 
34,407

Provision for income taxes
4,347

 
4,123

Net income (loss)
$
(23,892
)
 
$
30,284

Earnings (loss) per share—Basic
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26

Earnings (loss) per share—Diluted
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26

Weighted average shares outstanding—Basic
114,151

 
115,341

Weighted average shares outstanding—Diluted
114,151

 
117,027












The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


PTC Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three months ended
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
Net income (loss)
$
(23,892
)
 
$
30,284

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
Unrealized hedge gain arising during the period
1,643

 

Net hedge gain reclassified into earnings
(846
)
 

Unrealized gain on hedging instruments
797

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax of $0 for each period
(10,504
)
 
(20,432
)
Amortization of net actuarial pension loss included in net income, net of tax of $0.2 million and $0.1 million in the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, respectively
402

 
1,052

Change in unamortized pension loss during the period related to changes in foreign currency
550

 
921

Total other comprehensive loss
(8,755
)
 
(18,459
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
(32,647
)
 
$
11,825


































The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


PTC Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 
Three months ended
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(23,892
)
 
$
30,284

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
20,613

 
21,237

Stock-based compensation
23,189

 
11,242

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards
(56
)
 
(163
)
Other non-cash items, net
45

 
(171
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding the effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
35,219

 
25,800

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities
(1,679
)
 
(2,777
)
Accrued compensation and benefits
12,054

 
(48,141
)
Deferred revenue
1,262

 
(8,776
)
Accrued and deferred income taxes
(3,355
)
 
(2,953
)
Other current assets and prepaid expenses
1,441

 
(2,108
)
Other noncurrent assets and liabilities
(3,587
)
 
(9,842
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
61,254

 
13,632

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property and equipment
(4,185
)
 
(7,947
)
Purchases of investments

 
(1,000
)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired
(64,780
)
 
180

Net cash used by investing activities
(68,965
)
 
(8,767
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Borrowings under credit facility
50,000

 
35,000

Repayments of borrowings under credit facility

 
(41,250
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
1

 
3

Excess tax benefits from stock-based awards
56

 
163

Credit facility origination costs
(1,050
)
 

Contingent consideration
(1,250
)
 

Payments of withholding taxes in connection with vesting of stock-based awards
(14,833
)
 
(21,669
)
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
32,924

 
(27,753
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(1,833
)
 
(9,714
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
23,380

 
(32,602
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
273,417

 
293,654

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
296,797

 
$
261,052

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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PTC Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation
General
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PTC Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries and have been prepared by management in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. While we believe that the disclosures presented are adequate in order to make the information not misleading, these unaudited quarterly financial statements should be read in conjunction with our annual consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting only of those of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows at the dates and for the periods indicated. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to a year mean our fiscal year, which ends on September 30. The September 30, 2015 Consolidated Balance Sheet included herein is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements.
The results of operations for the three months ended January 2, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the remainder of the fiscal year.
Income Statement Presentation
In 2015, we classified revenue in three categories: 1) license and subscription solutions; 2) support; and 3) professional services. Effective with the beginning of the first quarter of 2016, we are reporting perpetual license revenue separately from the subscription revenue and are presenting revenue in four categories: 1) subscription; 2) support; 3) perpetual license; and 4) professional services.
Effective with the beginning of the first quarter of 2016, we reclassified certain expenses related to management of our product lines from general and administrative to marketing.
Revenue and costs and expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Deferred Taxes
In November, 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (Topic 740) , to simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes. The amendments in this Update require that all deferred tax assets and liabilities, along with any related valuation allowance, be classified as noncurrent on the balance sheet. As a result, each jurisdiction will now only have one net noncurrent deferred tax asset or liability. The guidance does not change the existing requirement that permits offsetting only within a jurisdiction and companies are still prohibited from offsetting deferred tax liabilities from one jurisdiction against deferred tax assets of another jurisdiction. ASU 2015-17 is effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted for all entities as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. This guidance may be applied either prospectively or retrospectively (by reclassifying the comparative balance sheet). We adopted this new guidance in our first quarter ended January 2, 2016 and applied this guidance prospectively. As a result, the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2015 have not been reclassified to conform to the January 2, 2016 presentation.
Revenue Recognition
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Topic 606 (ASU 2014-09), to supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is to recognize revenues when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that is expected to be received for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 defines a five step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than required under existing U.S. GAAP including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. In July 2015, the FASB approved a one-year delay in the effective date. ASU 2014-09 is effective for us in our first quarter of fiscal 2019 using either of two

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methods: (i) retrospective to each prior reporting period presented with the option to elect certain practical expedients as defined within ASU 2014-09; or (ii) retrospective with the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2014-09 recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures as defined per ASU 2014-09. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of ASU 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements.
Debt Issuance Costs
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30), to simplify the required presentation of debt issuance costs. The amended guidance requires that debt issuance costs be presented in the balance sheet as a direct reduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability rather than as an asset. It is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, our fiscal 2017, with early adoption permitted. The new guidance will be applied retrospectively to each prior period presented. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
2. Deferred Revenue and Financing Receivables
Deferred Revenue
Deferred revenue primarily relates to software support agreements billed to customers for which the services have not yet been provided. The liability associated with performing these services is included in deferred revenue and, if not yet paid, the related customer receivable is included in prepaid expenses and other current assets. Billed but uncollected support and subscription-related amounts included in prepaid expenses and other current assets at January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015 were $133.9 million and $129.3 million, respectively.
Financing Receivables
We periodically provide extended payment terms to credit-worthy customers for software purchases with payment terms up to 24 months. The determination of whether to offer such payment terms is based on the size, nature and credit-worthiness of the customer, and the history of collecting amounts due, without concession, from the customer and customers generally. This determination is based on an internal credit assessment. In making this assessment, we use the Standard & Poor's (S&P) credit rating as our primary credit quality indicator, if available. If a customer, whether commercial or the U.S. Federal government, has an S&P bond rating of BBB- or above, we designate the customer as Tier 1. If a customer does not have an S&P bond rating, or has an S&P bond rating below BBB-, we base our assessment on an internal credit assessment which considers selected balance sheet, operating and liquidity measures, historical payment experience, and current business conditions within the industry or region. We designate these customers as Tier 2 or Tier 3, with Tier 3 being lower credit quality than Tier 2.
As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, amounts due from customers for contracts with original payment terms greater than twelve months (financing receivables) totaled $26.6 million and $27.4 million, respectively. Accounts receivable and prepaid expenses and other current assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets included current receivables from such contracts totaling $20.4 million and $21.8 million at January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively, and other assets in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets included long-term receivables from such contracts totaling $6.2 million and $5.6 million at January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively. As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, $0.8 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of these receivables were past due. Our credit risk assessment for financing receivables was as follows:
 
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
(in thousands)
S&P bond rating BBB-1 and above-Tier 1
$
19,258

 
$
16,841

Internal Credit Assessment-Tier 2
7,339

 
10,593

Internal Credit Assessment-Tier 3

 

Total financing receivables
$
26,597

 
$
27,434

 
We evaluate the need for an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of these customers to make required payments. As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we concluded that all financing receivables were collectible and no reserve for credit losses was recorded. We did not provide a reserve for credit losses or write off any uncollectible financing receivables in the three months ended January 2, 2016 or January 3, 2015. We write off uncollectible trade and financing receivables when we have exhausted all collection avenues.
We periodically transfer future payments under certain of these contracts to third-party financial institutions on a non-recourse basis. We record such transfers as sales of the related accounts receivable when we surrender control of such

6


receivables. We did not sell any financing receivables to third-party financial institutions in the three months ended January 2, 2016 and January 3, 2015.
3. Restructuring Charges
On October 23, 2015, we initiated a plan to restructure our workforce and consolidate select facilities in order to reduce our cost structure and to realign our investments with what we believe to be our higher growth opportunities. The restructuring is expected to result in a charge of up to $50 million, which is primarily attributable to termination benefits. In the first quarter of 2016, we recorded a charge of $36.8 million, attributable to termination benefits associated with 432 employees. The remaining charges are expected to be recorded predominantly in the second and third quarters of 2016.
In the first quarter of 2016, we recorded a charge of $0.2 million related to employee terminations and $0.2 million related to excess facilities associated with our restructuring actions initiated in the second quarter of 2015. As of January 2, 2016, this restructuring plan was substantially completed.
The following table summarizes restructuring accrual activity for the three months ended January 2, 2016:
 
Employee Severance and Related Benefits
 
Facility Closures and Related Costs
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
October 1, 2015
$
14,086

 
$
1,168

 
$
15,254

Charge to operations
36,961

 
186

 
37,147

Cash disbursements
(16,269
)
 
(433
)
 
(16,702
)
Foreign exchange impact
(81
)
 
(36
)
 
(117
)
Accrual, January 2, 2016
$
34,697

 
$
885

 
$
35,582

The accrual for facility closures and related costs is included in accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and the accrual for employee severance and related benefits is included in accrued compensation and benefits in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
4. Stock-based Compensation
We measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for restricted stock unit (RSU) awards based on the fair value of RSU awards on the date of grant. That cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award.
Our equity incentive plan provides for grants of nonqualified and incentive stock options, common stock, restricted stock, RSUs and stock appreciation rights to employees, directors, officers and consultants. We award RSUs as the principal equity incentive awards, including certain performance-based awards that are earned based on achievement of performance criteria established by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors. Each RSU represents the contingent right to receive one share of our common stock.
Restricted stock unit activity for the three month ended January 2, 2016
Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
(Per Share)
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Balance of outstanding restricted stock units October 1, 2015
3,654

 
$
33.64

Granted
1,753

 
$
38.22

Vested
(1,209
)
 
$
28.67

Forfeited or not earned
(215
)
 
$
35.78

Balance of outstanding restricted stock units January 2, 2016
3,983

 
$
37.04

 
 
Restricted Stock Units
Grant Period
TSR Units (1)
 
Performance-based RSUs (2)
 
Service-based RSUs (2)
 
(Number of Units in thousands)
First three months of 2016
326
 
343
 
1,083

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_________________
(1)
The TSR units were granted to our executive officers pursuant to the terms described below.
(2)
The service-based RSUs were issued to both employees and our executive officers. In addition, executive officers may earn up to one or, for our CEO, two times the number of time-based RSUs (up to a maximum of 343,000 shares) if certain performance conditions are met. Of the service-based RSUs, approximately 110,000 shares will vest in two substantially equal annual installments on or about the anniversary of the date of grant. All other service-based RSUs will vest in three substantially equal annual installments on or about the anniversary of the date of grant. The performance-based RSUs will vest in three substantially equal installments on the later of November 15, 2016, November 15, 2017 and November 15, 2018, or the date the Compensation Committee determines the extent to which the applicable performance criteria have been achieved.
In the first three months of 2016, we granted the target performance-based TSR units ("target RSUs") shown in the table above to our executive officers. These RSUs are eligible to vest based upon our total shareholder return relative to a peer group (the “TSR units”), measured annually over a three-year period. The number of TSR units to vest over the three year period will be determined based on the performance of PTC stock relative to the stock performance of an index of PTC peer companies established as of the grant date, as determined at the end of three measurement periods ending on September 30, 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively. The shares earned for each period will vest on November 15 following each measurement period, up to a maximum of two times the number of target RSUs (up to a maximum of 652,000 shares). No vesting will occur in a period unless an annual threshold requirement is achieved. The employee must remain employed by PTC through the applicable vest date for any RSUs to vest. If the return to PTC shareholders is negative but still meets or exceeds the peer group indexed return, a maximum of 100% of the target RSUs shall vest for the measurement period. TSR units not earned in the first two year measurement periods are eligible to be earned in the third measurement period.
The weighted average fair value of the TSR units was $46.96 per target RSU on the grant date. The fair value of the TSR units was determined using a Monte Carlo simulation model, a generally accepted statistical technique used to simulate a range of possible future stock prices for PTC and the peer group. The method uses a risk-neutral framework to model future stock price movements based upon the risk-free rate of return, the volatility of each entity, and the pairwise correlations of each entity being modeled. The fair value for each simulation is the product of the payout percentage determined by PTC’s TSR rank against the peer group, the projected price of PTC stock, and a discount factor based on the risk-free rate.
The significant assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation model were as follows:
Average volatility of peer group
28.1
%
Risk free interest rate
1.05
%
Dividend yield
%
Compensation expense recorded for our stock-based awards was classified in our Consolidated Statements of Operations as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Cost of software revenue
$
1,905

 
$
918

Cost of professional services revenue
1,451

 
1,689

Sales and marketing
4,282

 
3,201

Research and development
2,513

 
3,086

General and administrative
13,038

 
2,348

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
23,189

 
$
11,242


The stock-based compensation expense in the first quarter of 2016 included $10 million of expense related to modifications of certain performance-based RSUs previously granted under our long-term incentive programs. The Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors amended these equity awards due to the impact of changes in our business model and strategy and foreign currency on our financial results.
5. Earnings per Share (EPS) and Common Stock

8


EPS
Basic EPS is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Unvested restricted stock, although legally issued and outstanding, is not considered outstanding for purposes of calculating basic EPS. Diluted EPS is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares outstanding plus the dilutive effect, if any, of outstanding stock options, restricted shares and RSUs using the treasury stock method. The calculation of the dilutive effect of outstanding equity awards under the treasury stock method includes consideration of proceeds from the assumed exercise of stock options, unrecognized compensation expense and any tax benefits as additional proceeds.

 
Three months ended
Calculation of Basic and Diluted EPS
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Net income (loss)
$
(23,892
)
 
$
30,284

Weighted average shares outstanding—Basic
114,151

 
115,341

Dilutive effect of employee stock options, restricted shares and restricted stock units

 
1,686

Weighted average shares outstanding—Diluted
114,151

 
117,027

Earnings (loss) per share—Basic
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26

Earnings (loss) per share—Diluted
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26


For the three months ended January 2, 2016, diluted net loss per share is the same as basic net loss per share as the effects of our potential common stock equivalents are antidilutive. Total antidilutive shares were 2.0 million for the three months ended January 2, 2016.
Common Stock Repurchases
Our Articles of Organization authorize us to issue up to 500 million shares of our common stock. Our Board of Directors has periodically authorized the repurchase of shares of our common stock. On August 4, 2014, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase up to $600 million of our common stock through September 30, 2017. In the first quarter of 2016, we did not repurchase any shares. In the first quarter of 2015, we received 1.1 million shares as the final settlement of the accelerated share repurchase ("ASR") agreement described below. All shares of our common stock repurchased are automatically restored to the status of authorized and unissued.
On August 14, 2014, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase (“ASR”) agreement with a major financial institution (“Bank”). The ASR allowed us to buy a large number of shares immediately at a purchase price determined by an average market price over a period of time. Under the ASR, we agreed to purchase $125 million of our common stock, in total, with an initial delivery to us in August 2014 of 2.3 million shares. We settled the ASR in December 2014 and the Bank delivered to us an additional 1.1 million shares.  
6. Acquisitions
Acquisition-related costs were $1.2 million and $4.0 million for the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, respectively. Acquisition-related costs include direct costs of potential and completed acquisitions (e.g., investment banker fees, professional fees, including legal and valuation services) and expenses related to acquisition integration activities (e.g., professional fees, severance, and retention bonuses). In addition, subsequent adjustments to our initial estimated amount of contingent consideration associated with specific acquisitions are included within acquisition-related charges. These costs have been classified in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Vuforia
On November 3, 2015, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement, PTC acquired the Vuforia business from Qualcomm Connected Experiences, Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, for $64.8 million in cash (net of cash acquired of $4.5 million). We borrowed $50 million under our credit facility to finance this acquisition. At the time of the acquisition, Vuforia had approximately 80 employees and historical annualized revenues were not material. The results of operations of Vuforia have been included in our consolidated financial statements beginning on the acquisition date. Vuforia added $0.3 million to our revenue and $4.1 million in costs and expenses in the first quarter of 2016.
The acquisition of Vuforia has been accounted for as a business combination. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed have been recorded at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. The fair values of intangible assets were based on valuations using a cost approach which requires the use of significant estimates and assumptions, including estimating costs to

9


reproduce an asset. The excess of the purchase price over the tangible assets, identifiable intangible assets and assumed liabilities was recorded as goodwill. 
The purchase price allocation resulted in $23.3 million of goodwill, $41.2 million of technology and $4.7 million of net tangible assets. The acquired technology is being amortized over weighted average useful lives of 6 years. All of the acquired goodwill was allocated to our software products segment and will be deductible for income tax purposes. The resulting amount of goodwill reflects the value of the synergies created by integrating Vuforia’s augmented technology platform into PTC’s Technology Platform solutions.
ColdLight
In the third quarter of 2015, we acquired ColdLight Solutions, LLC, for approximately $98.6 million in cash (net of cash acquired of $1.3 million). The former shareholders of ColdLight are eligible to receive additional consideration (the earn-out) of up to $5 million which is contingent upon achievement of certain technology milestones within two years of the acquisition. If an earn-out milestone is achieved, a portion of the contingent consideration becomes earned and payable in cash after each six-month period. In connection with accounting for the business combination, we recorded a liability $3.8 million, representing the fair value of the contingent consideration. The liability was valued using a discounted cash flow method and a probability weighted estimate of achievement of the technology milestones. The estimated undiscounted range of outcomes for the contingent consideration was $3.8 million to $5.0 million at the acquisition date. As of January 2, 2016, our estimate of the liability was $2.8 million, after a payment of $1.3 million made in December 2015. The payment was included in financing activities in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. We will continue to assess the probability that the unearned milestones will be met and at what level each reporting period. Changes in the estimated fair value of the liability are reflected in earnings until the liability is fully settled.
ThingWorx
In the second quarter of 2014, we acquired ThingWorx, Inc. for $111.5 million (net of cash acquired of $0.1 million). The former shareholders of ThingWorx are eligible to receive additional consideration of up to $18.0 million if certain profitability and bookings targets are achieved within two years of the acquisition from December 30, 2013 to January 1, 2016. The earn-out is payable in cash in two installments after each measurement period. In connection with accounting for the business combination, we recorded a liability representing the fair value of the contingent consideration. The liability was valued using a discounted cash flow method and a probability weighted estimate of achievement of the financial targets. We assess the probability that the targets will be met each reporting period. Any subsequent changes in the estimated fair value of the liability are reflected in earnings until the liability is fully settled.
The first year payment criteria were attained and we paid $9 million of the total contingent consideration in July 2015. As of January 2, 2016, the remaining $9.0 million of the total contingent consideration is fully earned and becomes payable in the second quarter of 2016.
7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
We have two operating segments: (1) Software Products and (2) Services. We assess goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level. Our reporting units are determined based on the components of our operating segments that constitute a business for which discrete financial information is available and for which operating results are regularly reviewed by segment management. Our reporting units are the same as our operating segments. As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, goodwill and acquired intangible assets in the aggregate attributable to our software products segment were $1,342.0 million and $1,297.9 million, respectively, and attributable to our services segment were $61.9 million and $62.4 million, respectively. Acquired intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the asset may not be recoverable. We evaluate goodwill for impairment in the third quarter of our fiscal year, or on an interim basis if an event occurs or circumstances change that would, more likely than not, reduce the fair value of a reporting segment below its carrying value. Factors we consider important, on an overall company basis and segment basis, when applicable, that could trigger an impairment review include significant under-performance relative to historical or projected future operating results, significant changes in our use of the acquired assets or the strategy for our overall business, significant negative industry or economic trends, a significant decline in our stock price for a sustained period and a reduction of our market capitalization relative to net book value. We completed our annual goodwill impairment review as of July 4, 2015 and concluded that no impairment charge was required as of that date.
To conduct these tests of goodwill, the fair value of the reporting unit is compared to its carrying value. If the reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, we record an impairment loss equal to the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and its implied fair value. We estimate the fair values of our reporting units using discounted cash flow valuation models. Those models require estimates of future revenues, profits, capital expenditures, working capital, terminal values based on revenue multiples, and discount rates for each reporting unit. We estimate these amounts by evaluating historical trends, current budgets, operating plans and industry data. The estimated fair value of each reporting unit was more than double its carrying value as of July 4, 2015.

10


Goodwill and acquired intangible assets consisted of the following:
 
 
January 2, 2016
 
September 30, 2015
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 
(in thousands)
Goodwill (not amortized)
 
 
 
 
$
1,086,230

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,069,041

Intangible assets with finite lives (amortized) (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchased software
$
323,762

 
$
178,483

 
$
145,279

 
$
284,257

 
$
174,887

 
$
109,370

Capitalized software
22,877

 
22,877

 

 
22,877

 
22,877

 

Customer lists and relationships
347,011

 
180,417

 
166,594

 
349,938

 
174,017

 
175,921

Trademarks and trade names
18,432

 
12,814

 
5,618

 
18,534

 
12,759

 
5,775

Other
3,905

 
3,726

 
179

 
3,946

 
3,711

 
235

 
$
715,987

 
$
398,317

 
$
317,670

 
$
679,552

 
$
388,251

 
$
291,301

Total goodwill and acquired intangible assets
 
 
 
 
$
1,403,900

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,360,342

(1) The weighted average useful lives of purchased software, customer lists and relationships, trademarks and trade names and other intangible assets with a remaining net book value are 8 years, 10 years, 10 years, and 3 years, respectively.
Goodwill
Changes in goodwill presented by reportable segment were as follows: 
 
Software
Products
Segment
 
Services
Segment
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
Balance, October 1, 2015
$
1,016,413

 
$
52,628

 
$
1,069,041

Acquisition of Vuforia
23,316

 

 
23,316

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(6,082
)
 
(45
)
 
(6,127
)
Balance, January 2, 2016
$
1,033,647

 
$
52,583

 
$
1,086,230

Amortization of Intangible Assets
The aggregate amortization expense for intangible assets with finite lives was classified in our Consolidated Statements of Operations as follows:
 
Three months ended
 
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
 
(in thousands)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
$
8,350

 
$
9,413

 
Cost of software revenue
5,127

 
4,767

 
Total amortization expense
$
13,477

 
$
14,180

 
8. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of nonperformance. Generally accepted accounting principles prescribe a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair

11


value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2: inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or
Level 3: unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
Our significant financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015 were as follows:
 
January 2, 2016
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
Financial assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents (1)
$
76,480

 
$

 
$

 
$
76,480

Forward contracts (2)

 
1,479

 

 
1,479

 
$
76,480

 
$
1,479

 
$

 
$
77,959

Financial liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration related to acquisitions (3)
$

 
$

 
$
11,750

 
$
11,750

Forward contracts (2)

 
365

 

 
365

 
$

 
$
365

 
$
11,750

 
$
12,115


 
September 30, 2015
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
Financial assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents (1)
$
91,216

 
$

 
$

 
$
91,216

Forward contracts (2)

 
507

 

 
507

 
$
91,216

 
$
507

 
$

 
$
91,723

Financial liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration related to acquisitions (3)
$

 
$

 
$
13,000

 
$
13,000

Forward contracts (2)

 
46

 

 
46

 
$

 
$
46

 
$
13,000

 
$
13,046

______________
(1) Money market funds and time deposits are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued based on quoted market prices in active markets. 
(2) The principal market in which we execute our foreign currency contracts is the institutional market in an over-the-counter environment with a relatively high level of price transparency. The market participants usually are large financial institutions. Our foreign currency contracts’ valuation inputs are based on quoted prices and quoted pricing intervals from public data sources and do not involve management judgment. These contracts are typically classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
(3) For a description of the inputs used to value the contingent consideration liability see Note 6 Acquisitions.

Changes in the fair value of Level 3 contingent consideration liability associated with our acquisition of ThingWorx and ColdLight were as follows:

12


 
Contingent Consideration
 
(in thousands)
 
ThingWorx
ColdLight
Balance, October 1, 2015
$
9,000

$
4,000

Change in present value of contingent consideration


Payment of contingent consideration
 
(1,250
)
Balance, January 2, 2016
$
9,000

$
2,750

 Of the total, $10.2 million of the contingent consideration liabilities are included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, with the remaining $1.5 million in other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of January 2, 2016.
9. Derivative Financial Instruments
Our earnings and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our most significant foreign currency exposures relate to Western European countries, Japan, China and Canada. Our foreign currency risk management strategy is principally designed to mitigate the future potential financial impact of changes in the U.S. dollar value of anticipated transactions and balances denominated in foreign currency, resulting from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We enter into derivative transactions, specifically foreign currency forward contracts, to manage the exposures to foreign currency exchange risk to reduce earnings volatility. We do not enter into derivatives transactions for trading or speculative purposes.
Non-Designated Hedges
We hedge our net foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities primarily resulting from foreign currency denominated receivables and payables with foreign exchange forward contracts to reduce the risk that our earnings and cash flows will be adversely affected by changes in foreign currency exchange rates. These contracts have maturities of up to approximately 3 months. Generally, we do not designate these foreign currency forward contracts as hedges for accounting purposes and changes in the fair value of these instruments are recognized immediately in earnings. Because we enter into forward contracts only as an economic hedge, any gain or loss on the underlying foreign-denominated balance would be offset by the loss or gain on the forward contract. Gains and losses on forward contracts and foreign denominated receivables and payables are included in other income (expense), net.
As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we had outstanding forward contracts with notional amounts equivalent to the following:
Currency Hedged
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Canadian / U.S. Dollar
$
16,528

 
$
17,448

Euro / U.S. Dollar
80,639

 
82,917

British Pound / Euro
1,855

 
9,409

Israeli New Sheqel / U.S. Dollar
4,108

 
4,607

Japanese Yen / Euro
16,564

 
25,133

Swiss Franc / U.S. Dollar
353

 
5,149

All other
10,613

 
12,592

Total
$
130,660

 
$
157,255

The following table shows the effect of our non-designated hedges in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended January 2, 2016 and January 3, 2015:
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income
 
Net realized and unrealized gain or (loss) (excluding the underlying foreign currency exposure being hedged)
 
 
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
 
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Forward Contracts
 
Other Income (Expense)
 
$
(1,014
)
 
$
297


13


Cash Flow Hedges
Our foreign exchange risk management program objective is to identify foreign exchange exposures and implement appropriate hedging strategies to minimize earnings fluctuations resulting from foreign exchange rate movements. We designate certain foreign exchange forward contracts as cash flow hedges of Euro and Yen denominated intercompany forecasted transactions. All foreign exchange forward contracts are carried at fair value on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and the maximum duration of foreign exchange forward contracts does not exceed 13 months.
Cash flow hedge relationships are designated at inception, and effectiveness is assessed prospectively and retrospectively using regression analysis on a monthly basis. As the forward contracts are highly effective in offsetting changes to future cash flows on the hedged transactions, we record the effective portion of changes in these cash flow hedges in accumulated other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassify into earnings in the same period during which the hedged transactions are recognized in earnings. Changes in the fair value of foreign exchange forward contracts due to changes in time value are included in the assessment of effectiveness.
As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we had outstanding forward contracts designed as cash flow hedges with notional amounts equivalent to the following:
Currency Hedged
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
(in thousands)
Euro / U.S. Dollar
$
33,815

 
$

Yen / U.S. Dollar
18,018

 

Total
$
51,833

 
$

The following table shows the effect of the our derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended January 2, 2016 and January 3, 2015 (in thousands):

Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
Gain or (Loss)Recognized in OCI-Effective Portion
 
Location of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from OCI into Income-Effective Portion
 
Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from OCI into Income-Effective Portion
 
Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized-Ineffective Portion
 
Gain or (Loss) Recognized-Ineffective Portion
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
 
Three months ended
 
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
 
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
 
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
Forward Contracts
 
$
1,643

 
$

 
Software Revenue
 
$
846

 
$

 
Other Income (Expense)
 
$

 
$


As of January 2, 2016, we estimated that all values reported in accumulated other comprehensive income will be reclassified to income within the next twelve months.
In the event the underlying forecast transaction does not occur, or it becomes probable that it will not occur, the related hedge gains and losses on the cash flow hedge would be immediately reclassified to “Other Income (Expense)” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations. For the three months ended January 2, 2016, there were no such gains or losses.
The following table shows our derivative instruments measured at gross fair value as reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
Fair Value of Derivatives Designated As Hedging Instruments
 
Fair Value of Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments
 
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
January 2,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
Derivative assets (a):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Forward Contracts
$
1,260

 
$

 
$
219

 
$
507

Derivative liabilities (b):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       Forward Contracts
$

 
$

 
$
365

 
$
46

(a) All derivative assets are recorded in “other current assets” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(b) All derivative liabilities are recorded in "accrued expenses and other current liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

14



Offsetting Derivative Assets and Liabilities
We have entered into master netting arrangements which allow net settlements under certain conditions. Although netting is permitted, it is currently our policy and practice to record all derivative assets and liabilities on a gross basis in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table set forth the offsetting of derivative assets as of January 2, 2016:
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
As of January 2, 2016
Gross Amount of Recognized Assets
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Amounts of Assets Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
Cash Collateral Received
 
Net Amount
 
(in thousands)
Forward Contracts
$
1,479

 
$

 
$
1,479

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,479


The following table set forth the offsetting of derivative liabilities as of January 2, 2016:
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
As of January 2, 2016
Gross Amount of Recognized Liabilities
 
Gross Amounts Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Net Amounts of Liabilities Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Financial Instruments
 
Cash Collateral Pledged
 
Net Amount
 
(in thousands)
Forward Contracts
$
(365
)
 
$

 
$
(365
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
(365
)
10. Segment Information
We operate within a single industry segment—computer software and related services. Operating segments as defined under GAAP are components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision maker is our President and Chief Executive Officer. We have two operating and reportable segments: (1) Software Products, which includes license and related support revenue (including updates and technical support) for all our products except training-related products; and (2) Services, which includes consulting, implementation, training, cloud services, computer-based training products, including support on these products, and other services revenue. We do not allocate sales and marketing or administrative expenses to our operating segments as these activities are managed on a consolidated basis.
The revenue and operating income attributable to our operating segments are summarized as follows:

15


 
Three months ended
 
 
January 2,
2016
 
January 3,
2015
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
Total Software Products segment revenue
$
225,537

 
$
246,991

 
Total Services segment revenue
65,480

 
78,451

 
Total revenue
$
291,017

 
$
325,442

 
Operating income (loss): (1)
 
 
 
 
Software Products segment
$
117,888

 
$
149,045

 
Services segment
9,078

 
13,200

 
Sales and marketing expenses
(98,330
)
 
(89,484
)
 
General and administrative expenses
(41,928
)
 
(35,130
)
 
Total operating income (loss)
(13,292
)
 
37,631

 
       Interest and other expense, net
(6,253
)
 
(3,224
)
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
(19,545
)
 
$
34,407

 

(1)
We recorded restructuring charges of $37.1 million in the first quarter of 2016. Software Products included $13.0 million; Services included $4.8 million; sales and marketing expenses included $15.9 million; and general and administrative expenses included $3.4 million, of these restructuring charges. We recorded a credit to restructuring of $0.3 million in the first quarter of 2015 which is included in the Services segment.

11. Income Taxes
In the first quarter of 2016, our effective tax rate was (22)% on a pre-tax loss of $19.5 million, compared to a provision of 12% on pre-tax income of $34.4 million in the first quarter of 2015. In the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, our effective tax rate was lower than the 35% statutory federal income tax rate due to our corporate structure in which our foreign taxes are at a net effective tax rate lower than the U.S. rate. A significant amount of our foreign earnings is generated by our subsidiaries organized in Ireland. In 2016 and 2015, the foreign rate differential predominantly relates to these Irish earnings. Our foreign rate differential in 2016 and 2015 includes a rate benefit from a business realignment completed on September 30, 2014 in which intellectual property was transferred between two wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries. The realignment allows us to more efficiently manage the distribution of our products to European customers. This realignment resulted in a tax benefit of approximately $3 million and $4 million in the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, respectively. Additionally, in 2016 and 2015 our provision reflects a tax benefit of $2.6 million and $2.1 million respectively, related to a retroactive extension of the U.S. research and development tax credit enacted in the first quarter of 2016 and 2015. In 2016 and 2015, this benefit was offset by a corresponding provision to increase our U.S. valuation allowance.
As of January 2, 2016 and September 30, 2015, we had unrecognized tax benefits of $14.4 million and $14.1 million, respectively. If all of our unrecognized tax benefits as of January 2, 2016 were to become recognizable in the future, we would record a benefit to the income tax provision of $12.8 million which would be partially offset by an increase in the U.S. valuation allowance of $4.6 million
Although we believe our tax estimates are appropriate, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could result in favorable or unfavorable changes in our estimates. We believe it is reasonably possible that within the next 12 months the amount of unrecognized tax benefits related to the resolution of multi-jurisdictional tax positions could be reduced by up to $4 million as audits close and statutes of limitations expire.  
12. Debt
Credit Agreement
In November 2015, we entered into a multi-currency credit facility with a syndicate of sixteen banks for which JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. acts as Administrative Agent. This credit facility amended and restated in its entirety our credit facility described in Note H of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015. We expect to use the credit facility for general corporate purposes, including acquisitions of businesses, share repurchases and working capital requirements. As of January 2, 2016, the fair value of our credit facility approximates its book value.

16


The credit facility consists of a $1 billion revolving loan commitment, which may be increased by an additional $500 million (in the form of revolving loans or term loans, or a combination thereof) if the existing or additional lenders are willing to make such increased commitments. The revolving loan commitment does not require amortization of principal and may be repaid in whole or in part prior to the scheduled maturity date at our option without penalty or premium. The credit facility matures on September 15, 2019, when all remaining amounts outstanding will be due and payable in full.
PTC and certain eligible foreign subsidiaries are eligible borrowers under the credit facility. The obligations under the credit facility are guaranteed by PTC and certain of its material domestic subsidiaries. In addition, PTC and certain of its material domestic subsidiaries' owned property (including equity interests) is subject to first priority perfected liens in favor of the lenders of this credit facility. 100% of the voting equity interests of certain of PTC’s domestic subsidiaries and 65% of its material first-tier foreign subsidiaries are pledged as collateral for the obligations under the credit facility.
As of January 2, 2016, we had $718.1 million in loans outstanding under the credit facility. In January 2016, we borrowed an additional $120 million for our acquisition of Kepware. Loans under the credit facility bear interest at variable rates which reset every 30 to 180 days depending on the rate and period selected by PTC as described below. As of January 2, 2016, the weighted average annual interest rate for borrowing outstanding was 1.899%. Interest rates on borrowings outstanding under the credit facility range from 1.25% to 1.75% above an adjusted LIBO rate for Euro currency borrowings or would range from 0.25% to 0.75% above the defined base rate (the greater of the Prime Rate, the FRBNY rate plus 0.5%, or an adjusted LIBO rate plus 1%) for base rate borrowings, in each case based upon PTC’s total leverage ratio. Additionally, PTC may borrow certain foreign currencies at rates set in the same range above the respective London interbank offered interest rates for those currencies, based on PTC’s total leverage ratio. A quarterly commitment fee on the undrawn portion of the credit facility is required, ranging from 0.175% to 0.30% per annum, based upon PTC’s total leverage ratio.
The credit facility limits PTC’s and its subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things: incur liens or guarantee obligations; pay dividends (other than to PTC) and make other distributions; make investments and enter into joint ventures; dispose of assets; and engage in transactions with affiliates, except on an arms-length basis. Under the credit facility, PTC and its material domestic subsidiaries may not invest cash or property in, or loan to, PTC’s foreign subsidiaries in aggregate amounts exceeding $75.0 million for any purpose and an additional $200.0 million for acquisitions of businesses. In addition, under the credit facility, PTC and its subsidiaries must maintain the following financial ratios:
a total leverage ratio, defined as consolidated total indebtedness to the consolidated trailing four quarters EBITDA, not to exceed
prior to a Covenant Modification Trigger Event (incurring unsecured indebtedness of not less than $200.0 million in aggregate) (x) 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter ending on or prior to July 2, 2016, and (y) 3.25 to 1.00 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter ending on or after September 30, 2016.
on and after a Covenant Modification Trigger Event, 4.00 to 1.00 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter.
a senior secured leverage ratio, defined as senior consolidated total indebtedness (which excludes unsecured indebtedness) to the consolidated trailing four quarters EBITDA, not to exceed 3.00 to 1.00 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter ending after a Covenant Modification Trigger Event, and
a fixed charge coverage ratio, defined as the ratio of consolidated trailing four quarters EBITDA less consolidated capital expenditures to consolidated fixed charges, of not less than 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of any fiscal quarter.
As of January 2, 2016, our total leverage ratio was 2.68 to 1.00, our fixed charge coverage ratio was 7.65 to 1.00 and we were in compliance with all financial and operating covenants of the credit facility.
Any failure to comply with the financial or operating covenants of the credit facility would prevent PTC from being able to borrow additional funds, and would constitute a default, permitting the lenders to, among other things, accelerate the amounts outstanding, including all accrued interest and unpaid fees, under the credit facility and to terminate the credit facility. A change in control of PTC, as defined in the agreement, also constitutes an event of default, permitting the lenders to accelerate the indebtedness and terminate the credit facility.
13. Commitments and Contingencies
Legal and Regulatory Matters
China Investigation
We have been in discussions with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) to resolve a previously announced investigation concerning expenditures by our business partners in China and by our China business, including for travel and entertainment, that apparently benefited employees of customers regarded as state owned enterprises in China. This matter involves issues regarding compliance with laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. In 2015, we recorded a liability of $28.2 million as a result of an agreement in principle to settle the matter with these agencies. There can be no assurance that we and these agencies will enter into final settlements on the foregoing terms or,

17


if not, that the cost of any final settlements, if reached, would not exceed the existing accrual. Further, any settlement or other resolution of this matter could have collateral effects on our business in China, the United States and elsewhere.
Legal Proceedings
We are subject to various other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. We do not believe that resolving the legal proceedings and claims that we are currently subject to will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. However, the results of legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty. Should any of these legal proceedings and claims be resolved against us, the operating results for a particular reporting period could be adversely affected.
Accruals
With respect to legal proceedings and claims, we record an accrual for a contingency when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. For legal proceedings and claims for which the likelihood that a liability has been incurred is more than remote but less than probable, we estimate the range of possible outcomes. As of January 2, 2016, we had a legal proceedings and claims accrual of $28.7 million, including an accrual of $28.2 million for the China investigation.
Guarantees and Indemnification Obligations
We enter into standard indemnification agreements in the ordinary course of our business. Pursuant to such agreements with our business partners or customers, we indemnify, hold harmless, and agree to reimburse the indemnified party for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party, generally in connection with patent, copyright or other intellectual property infringement claims by any third party with respect to our products, as well as claims relating to property damage or personal injury resulting from the performance of services by us or our subcontractors. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these indemnification agreements is unlimited. Historically, our costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims relating to such indemnity agreements have been minimal and we accordingly believe the estimated fair value of liabilities under these agreements is immaterial.
We warrant that our software products will perform in all material respects in accordance with our standard published specifications in effect at the time of delivery of the licensed products for a specified period of time. Additionally, we generally warrant that our consulting services will be performed consistent with generally accepted industry standards. In most cases, liability for these warranties is capped. If necessary, we would provide for the estimated cost of product and service warranties based on specific warranty claims and claim history; however, we have not incurred significant cost under our product or services warranties. As a result, we believe the estimated fair value of these liabilities is immaterial.
14. Pension Plans
Our pension plans are described in more detail in Note M to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015. In the first quarter of 2015, we made a voluntary contribution of $10 million to a non-U.S. pension plan.
15. Subsequent Events
Acquisition
On January 12, 2016, PTC acquired all of the ownership interests in Kepware Technologies, a software development company that provides communications connectivity to industrial automation environments, for approximately $100.0 million in cash and $18.0 million of contingent earn-out. The acquisition enhances PTC’s portfolio of Technology Platform technologies. At the time of the acquisition, Kepware had approximately 115 employees and generated approximately $20 million of annualized revenue historically. We have not yet completed our acquisition accounting.
Borrowing under our Credit Facility
We borrowed $120.0 million under our existing credit facility in January of 2016, $100.0 million of which was used to fund the acquisition of Kepware.

18


ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historic facts, including statements about our future financial and growth expectations, the development of our products and markets and adoption of our solutions and future purchases by customers, are forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks include the possibility that the macroeconomic and/or global manufacturing climates may not improve or may deteriorate, the possibility that customers may not purchase our solutions when or at the rates we expect, the possibility that our businesses, including our Technology Platform and SLM businesses, may not expand and/or generate the revenue we expect, the possibility that market size and growth estimates may be incorrect and that we may be unable to grow our business at or in excess of market growth rates, the possibility that new products released and planned products, including Technology Platform enabled core products, may not generate the revenue we expect or be released as we expect, the possibility that foreign currency exchange rates may vary from our expectations and thereby affect our reported revenue and expense, the possibility that the mix of revenue between license, subscription, support and professional services could be different than we expect, which could impact our EPS results, the possibility that our customers may purchase more of our solutions as subscriptions than we expect, which would adversely affect near-term revenue, operating margins and EPS, the possibility that sales of our solutions as subscriptions may not have the longer-term positive effect on revenue that we expect, the possibility that our workforce realignment may adversely affect our operations and may not achieve the expense savings that we expect, the possibility that we may be unable to generate sufficient operating cash flow to return 40% of free cash flow to shareholders or that other uses of cash could preclude share repurchases, and the possibility that our investigation in China may have collateral effects on our business in China, the U.S. or elsewhere; as well as other risks and uncertainties described below throughout or referenced in Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this report.
Business Overview
PTC Inc. develops and delivers technology solutions, comprised of software and services, that transform the way our customers create, operate and service their products for a smart, connected world.
Our solutions and software products address the challenges our customers face in the following areas:
Solutions Group
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
Effective and collaborative product design across the globe.
Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)
Efficient and consistent management of product development from concept to retirement across functional processes and distributed teams.
Application Lifecycle Management (ALM)
Management of global software development from concept to delivery.
Service Lifecycle Management (SLM)
Planning and delivery of service, and analysis of product intelligence at the point of service.
Technology Platform Group
Internet of Things (IoT)
Enabling connectivity, development, analysis, and augmented reality software applications for smart, connected products and environments.
Executive Overview
Results for the First Quarter
Revenue was down year over year due to:
a higher mix of subscription revenue in 2016 compared to 2015 as we transition from selling perpetual licenses to a subscription-based licensing model,

19


a decline in professional services revenue of 24%, consistent with our strategy to migrate more service engagements to our partners, and
a challenging macroeconomic environment and the impact of foreign currency exchange rates on our reported revenue due to an increase in the strength of the U.S. Dollar relative to international currencies, most notably the Euro and the Yen.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Constant Currency Change
 
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
 
 
Revenue
 
 
 
Change
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
Subscription
 
$
22.2

 
$
14.2

 
56
 %
 
63
 %
Support
 
171.8

 
181.6

 
(5
)%
 
1
 %
Total recurring software revenue
 
193.9

 
195.9

 
(1
)%
 
5
 %
Perpetual license
 
47.8

 
64.7

 
(26
)%
 
(22
)%
Total software revenue
 
241.7

 
260.6

 
(7
)%
 
(1
)%
Professional services
 
49.3

 
64.8

 
(24
)%
 
(16
)%
Total revenue
 
$
291.0

 
$
325.4

 
(11
)%
 
(4
)%

Perpetual license revenue declined due in part to our transition to subscriptions, as well as unfavorable currency movements. We believe that challenging macroeconomic conditions in the industrial market, particularly in the Americas and China, impacted our ability to close large deals.
The Solutions Group had higher subscription bookings year over year as customers elected to purchase more of our solutions as subscriptions, particularly in PLM and SLM.
In the first quarter of 2016, we launched a program for our existing customers to transition their support contracts to subscription contracts, which contributed to our subscription growth.
We delivered strong growth in our Technology Platform business, both with new customers and expansion with existing customers. The Technology Platform business represented 49% of our subscription revenue in the first quarter of 2016, up from 42% in the first quarter of 2015.
Approximately 67% of our revenue in the first quarter of 2016 came from recurring revenue streams, compared to approximately 60% in the year-ago period. Approximately 80% of our software revenue in the first quarter of 2016 came from recurring revenue streams, compared to approximately 75% in the year-ago period.
From a geographic perspective, the decrease in total revenue was primarily driven by PLM in the Americas, with fewer large deals than in the first quarter of 2015. Decreases in the Americas from perpetual license and professional services revenue were partially offset by increases in subscription revenue. In Europe, we saw an increase of 38% in subscription revenue, while perpetual license revenue and professional services revenue both decreased. Pacific Rim software revenue declined 15% due to weak results in CAD and SLM, particularly in China due to the overall economic slowdown there. Japan software revenue was up 7% from the first quarter of 2015 due to growth in CAD and SLM, partially offset by decreases in PLM.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Constant Currency Change
 
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
 
 
Other Operating Measures
 
 
 
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Margin
 
(4.6
)%
 
11.6
%
 
 
 
 
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26

 
(181
)%
 
(164
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-GAAP Operating Margin(1)
 
21.3
 %
 
21.4
%
 
 
 
 
Non-GAAP EPS(1)
 
$
0.51

 
$
0.50

 
2
 %
 
15
 %
(1) Non-GAAP measures are reconciled to GAAP results under Results of Operations - Non-GAAP Measures below.
GAAP and non-GAAP operating margins reflect lower revenue, partially offset by reductions in operating expenses driven by cost savings from restructuring. Our GAAP earnings also reflect restructuring charges of $37.1 million. Currency movements reduced GAAP EPS by approximately $0.05. Both GAAP and non-GAAP EPS benefited from a lower tax rate.

20


We ended the quarter with a cash balance of $297 million. We generated $61 million of cash from operations in the first quarter of 2016 and we drew $50 million on our credit facility to fund the acquisition of Vuforia for $65 million (net of cash acquired). At January 2, 2016, the balance outstanding under our credit facility was $718 million.
Restructuring
On October 23, 2015, we initiated a plan to restructure our workforce and consolidate select facilities in order to reduce our cost structure and to realign our investments with our identified growth opportunities. The restructuring resulted in a charge of $36.8 million in the first quarter of 2016, which is primarily attributable to termination benefits associated with 432 employees.
Acquisition

On November 3, 2015, pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement, we acquired the Vuforia business from Qualcomm Connected Experiences, Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, for approximately $65 million in cash. We acquired the Vuforia augmented reality technology to enrich our Technology Platform portfolio. At the time of the acquisition, Vuforia had approximately 80 employees and historical annualized revenues were not material.
Subsequent Events
On January 12, 2016, we acquired Kepware Inc., a software development company that provides communications connectivity to industrial automation environments, for approximately $100 million in cash and $18 million of contingent earn-out. The acquisition enhances our Technology Platform portfolio. At the time of the acquisition, Kepware had approximately 115 employees and historical annualized revenues of approximately $20 million. We have not yet completed our acquisition accounting. In January 2016, we borrowed $120 million under our existing credit facility, $100 million of which was used to fund the acquisition of Kepware.
Future Expectations, Strategies and Risks
The slowdown in the global manufacturing industry, uncertainty about the economic environment, the strong U.S. Dollar, and our transition to a subscription model were headwinds for revenue and earnings growth in the first quarter of 2016. We anticipate that the macroeconomic conditions impacting spending among discrete manufacturing customers that faced PTC in the second half of 2015 will persist into 2016, particularly in the Americas and China.
For 2016, we have three overriding goals: 1) drive sustainable growth, 2) expand our subscription-based licensing, and 3) continue to control costs and improve margins.
Sustainable Growth
Our goals for overall growth are predicated on driving continued growth in our Technology Platform business, making organizational and structural changes that will allow for appropriate focus in our Solutions business to drive growth and leveraging technology from our Technology Platform business in our core Solutions to create additional offerings that expand our market opportunity.
Subscription
A majority of our software sales to date have been perpetual licenses, where customers license our software in perpetuity and revenue is recognized at the time of sale. Due to evolving customer preferences, our plan to increase our recurring revenue base, as well as acquisitions we have made in the Technology Platform and cloud services space, we began offering our products under a subscription license model in 2015. A small but growing percentage of our business now consists of subscription licenses for which revenue is recognized ratably over time. Under a subscription, customers pay a periodic fee to license our software over a specified period of time, including access to technical support. Beginning October 1, 2015 we launched the second phase of our subscription program with the goal of accelerating our transition to a predominantly subscription-based licensing model. To drive that acceleration, we launched new pricing and packaging for subscriptions and new sales incentive compensation plans. We are targeting that by 2018 a significant majority of our license and solutions (L&S) bookings could be subscription. In 2016, we expect subscription bookings as a percentage of L&S bookings will be approximately 30%, up from 17% in 2015. If a greater percentage of our customers elect our subscription offering in 2016 than our base case assumption, it will have an adverse impact on revenue, operating margin, cash flow and EPS growth relative to our expectations. In addition, subscription orders may be smaller in size than perpetual deals.
Cost Controls and Margin Expansion

21


We continue to proactively manage our cost structure and invest in our identified growth opportunities. Our goal is to drive continued margin expansion over the long term. To that end, on October 23, 2015, we committed to a plan to restructure our workforce and consolidate select facilities in order to reduce our cost structure and to realign our investments with identified growth opportunities. The restructuring is expected to result in a charge of up to $50 million, of which $36.8 million was recorded in the first quarter of 2016, which is primarily attributable to termination benefits. The remaining charges are expected to be recorded predominantly in the second and third quarters of 2016. We expect that the effect of the expense reductions, offset by certain planned cost increases and investments in our business, will result in a decrease in costs and expenses of approximately $17 million in 2016, as compared to 2015, which effect is contemplated in our financial guidance for fiscal 2016.
Impact of an Investigation in China
As previously announced, we have been in discussions with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) to resolve an investigation concerning expenditures by our business partners in China and by our China business, including for travel and entertainment, that apparently benefited employees of customers regarded as state owned enterprises in China. This matter involves issues regarding compliance with laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. We have recorded liabilities of $28.2 million as a result of our agreements in principle with those agencies to settle the matter. There can be no assurance that we will enter into final settlements on the agreed terms with these agencies or if not, that the cost of any final settlements, if reached, would not exceed the existing accrual. Further, any settlement or other resolution of this matter could have collateral effects on our business in China, the United States and elsewhere.
Results of Operations
The following table shows the financial measures that we consider the most significant indicators of the performance of our business. In addition to operating income, operating margin, and diluted earnings per share as calculated under generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), the table also includes non-GAAP operating income, operating margin, and diluted earnings per share for the reported periods. We discuss the non-GAAP measures in detail, including items excluded from the measures, and provide a reconciliation to the comparable GAAP measures under Non-GAAP Measures below.

22



Three months ended
 
Percent Change 2015 to 2016

January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015

Actual
 
Constant Currency

(Dollar amounts in millions, except per share data)
Subscription
$
22.2

 
$
14.2


56
 %
 
63
 %
Support
171.8

 
181.6


(5
)%
 
1
 %
Total recurring software revenue
193.9

 
195.9

 
(1
)%
 
5
 %
Perpetual license
47.8

 
64.7

 
(26
)%
 
(22
)%
Total software revenue
241.7

 
260.6

 
(7
)%
 
(1
)%
Professional services
49.3

 
64.8


(24
)%
 
(16
)%
Total revenue
291.0

 
325.4


(11
)%
 
(4
)%
Total cost of revenue
80.1

 
92.9

 
(14
)%
 
 
Gross margin
210.9

 
232.5

 
(9
)%
 
 
Operating expenses
224.2

 
194.9

 
15
 %
 
 
Total costs and expenses
304.3

 
287.8


6
 %
 
11
 %
Operating income (loss)
$
(13.3
)
 
$
37.6


(135
)%
 
(125
)%
Non-GAAP operating income (1)
$
62.1

 
$
69.8


(11
)%
 
 %
Operating margin
(4.6
)%
 
11.6
%


 

Non-GAAP operating margin (1)
21.3
 %
 
21.4
%


 

Diluted earnings (loss) per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
0.26



 

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share (2)
$
0.51

 
$
0.50



 

Cash flow from operations
$
61.3

 
$
13.6



 



 



 

(1) See Non-GAAP Measures below for a reconciliation of or GAAP results to our non-GAAP results.
(2) Income tax adjustments for the three months ended January 2, 2016 and January 3, 2015 reflect the tax effects of non-GAAP adjustments which are calculated by applying the applicable tax rate by jurisdiction to the non-GAAP adjustments listed below in Non-GAAP Measures. We have recorded a full valuation allowance against our U.S. net deferred tax assets and a valuation allowance against net deferred tax assets in a foreign jurisdiction. As the U.S. and the foreign jurisdiction are profitable on a non-GAAP basis, the 2016 and 2015 non-GAAP tax provisions are calculated assuming there is no valuation allowance in these jurisdictions. Additionally, our non-GAAP tax provision for the three months ended January 2, 2016 excludes a $1.6 million tax provision related to a legal settlement accrual.
Subscription Measures
Given the difference in revenue recognition between a subscription booking and a perpetual license sale, we are using the subscription bookings and license and solutions (L&S) bookings metrics described below to gauge the health of our business for internal planning and forecasting purposes.
Bookings
In order to normalize between perpetual and subscription transactions, we define bookings as either the annualized contract value (ACV) of a new subscription multiplied by a conversion factor of 2, the annualized value of incremental monthly software rental bookings, or the contract value of a new perpetual license. We arrived at the conversion factor of 2 by considering a number of variables including pricing, support, length of term, and renewal rates. We define ACV as the total value of a new subscription solutions booking divided by the term of the contract (in days) multiplied by 365, unless the term is less than one year, in which case the contract value equals the ACV. For monthly rentals, bookings equals revenue in the period, and ACV equals the annualized value of the rentals.
Because subscription solutions bookings is a metric we use to approximate the value of subscription solution sales if sold as perpetual licenses, it does not represent the actual revenue that will be recognized with respect to subscription solution sales or that would be recognized if the sales were perpetual licenses.

23


When calculating L&S bookings for a period, we add the value of the converted subscription bookings to our perpetual license revenue bookings for the period.
Subscription bookings were 28% of license and subscription bookings in the first quarter of 2016, compared to 19% in the year ago period.
Annualized Recurring Revenue (ARR)
Annualized Recurring Revenue (ARR) for a given quarter is calculated by dividing the recurring revenue for the quarter by the number of days in the quarter and multiplying by 365. ARR should be viewed independently of revenue and deferred revenue as it is an operating measure and is not intended to be combined with or to replace either of those items. ARR is not a forecast and does not include non-recurring revenues.
ARR was approximately $754 million for the first quarter of 2016, which increased 6% on a constant currency basis compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2015.
Impact of Foreign Currency Exchange on Results of Operations
Approximately two-thirds of our revenue and half of our expenses are transacted in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar. Because we report our results of operations in U.S. Dollars, currency translation, particularly changes in the Euro and Yen relative to the U.S. Dollar, affects our reported results. If actual results for the first quarter of 2016 had been converted into U.S. Dollars based on the foreign currency exchange rates in effect for the first quarter of 2015, revenue would have been higher by $21.2 million, costs and expenses would have been higher by $16.4 million, and operating income would have been higher by $4.8 million. Our constant currency disclosures are calculated by multiplying the actual results for the first three months of 2016 by the exchange rates in effect for the first three months of 2015.
Revenue from Acquired Businesses
The results of operations of acquired businesses (Vuforia, November 2015; ColdLight, May 2015) have been included in our consolidated financial statements beginning on their respective acquisition dates and were not material to our consolidated results of operations in the first quarter of 2016.
Reclassifications
In 2015, we classified revenue in three categories: 1) license and subscription solutions; 2) support; and 3) professional services. Effective with the beginning of the first quarter of 2016, we are reporting perpetual license revenue separately from the subscription revenue and are presenting revenue in four categories: 1) subscription; 2) support; 3) perpetual license; and 4) professional services. Effective with the beginning of the first quarter of 2016, we reclassified certain expenses related to management of our product lines from general and administrative to marketing. The discussion that follows reflects our revised reporting structure.
Revenue
We report our revenue by line of business (as described above), by product area (Solutions and Technology Platform Groups) and by geographic region (Americas, Europe, Pacific Rim and Japan). Results include combined revenue from direct sales and our channel.
 Revenue by Line of Business
% of Total Revenue
 
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
Subscription
8
%
 
4
%
Support
59
%
 
56
%
Perpetual license
16
%
 
20
%
Professional services
17
%
 
20
%


24



Revenue by Group
Three months ended
 
 
 
 
 
Percent Change
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Actual
 
Constant
Currency
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Solutions Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Subscription
$
11.4

 
$
8.3

 
37
 %
 
48
 %
Support
169.8

 
180.7

 
(6
)%
 
 %
Total recurring software revenue
181.2

 
189.0

 
(4
)%
 
2
 %
Perpetual license
47.4

 
62.5

 
(24
)%
 
(19
)%
Total software revenue
228.6


251.6

 
(9
)%
 
(3
)%
Professional services
47.2

 
64.3

 
(27
)%
 
(19
)%
Total revenue
$
275.8

 
$
315.9

 
(13
)%
 
(6
)%
Technology Platform Group
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Subscription
$
10.8

 
$
5.9

 
83
 %
 
86
 %
Support
2.0

 
0.9

 
108
 %
 
112
 %
Total recurring software revenue
12.7

 
6.8

 
86
 %
 
89
 %
Perpetual license
0.4

 
2.2

 
(83
)%
 
(83
)%
Total software revenue
13.1

 
9.0

 
45
 %
 
47
 %
Professional services
2.1

 
0.5

 
312
 %
 
326
 %
Total revenue
$
15.2

 
$
9.5

 
59
 %
 
62
 %

Software Revenue Performance

Software revenue consists of subscription, support, and perpetual license revenue. Subscription revenue includes time-based licenses whereby customers use our software and receive related support for a specified term, and for which revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the contract. Support revenue is composed of contracts to maintain new and/or previously purchased perpetual licenses, for which revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the contract. Perpetual licenses include a perpetual right to use of the software, for which revenue is generally recognized up front upon shipment to the customer.

Solutions Group

The decline in software revenue was driven primarily by PLM. SLM had a strong quarter and ALM was up modestly on a constant currency basis, offset by a small decline in CAD. The Solutions Group had fewer large deals in a macroeconomic environment that continues to be weak in the US and China, impacting spending among discrete manufacturing customers. We believe the increase of subscriptions could result in fewer large deals.

Technology Platform Group

The Technology Platform group delivered solid revenue growth, particularly in subscription revenue.

Professional Services Revenue Performance
Consulting and training services engagements typically result from sales of new perpetual licenses and subscriptions, particularly of our ePLM and SLM solutions. The decline in professional services revenue in the first quarter of 2016 was due in part to strong growth in bookings by our service partners, which is in line with our strategy for professional services revenue to trend flat-to-down over time as we expand our service partner program under which service engagements are referred to third party service providers. Additionally, over time, we anticipate offering solutions that require less services. As a result, we do not expect that professional services revenue will increase proportionately with software revenue. Foreign currency exchange rates negatively impacted professional services revenue by $4.9 million in the first quarter of 2016.


25


Revenue by Geographic Region
 
Three months ended
 
Percent Change
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Actual
 
Constant
Currency
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Software revenue by region:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Americas
$
108.1

 
$
108.3

 
 %
 
 %
Europe
$
86.0

 
$
101.6

 
(15
)%
 
(4
)%
Pacific Rim
$
25.6

 
$
30.2

 
(15
)%
 
(11
)%
Japan
$
22.0

 
$
20.5

 
7
 %
 
17
 %

 
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
Revenue by region as a % of total revenue:
 
 
 
Americas
43
%
 
42
%
Europe
37
%
 
39
%
Pacific Rim
10
%
 
11
%
Japan
9
%
 
8
%

A significant percentage of our annual revenue comes from large customers in the broader manufacturing space. As a result, software revenue growth in our core CAD and ePLM products historically has correlated to growth in broader measures of the global manufacturing economy, including GDP, industrial production and manufacturing PMI.

Americas
The decrease in revenue in the Americas in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 consisted of a decrease of 22% in perpetual license revenue, partially offset by an increase in subscription revenue of 65%. Support revenue decreased 1%.
Continued macroeconomic headwinds in the U.S. led to flat revenue performance year over year. Solutions bookings declined due to a significant decline in PLM, despite strong performance in SLM and ALM.
Europe
Revenue in Europe in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 consisted of a decrease in perpetual license revenue of 42% (34% on a constant currency basis) and a decrease in support revenue of 10% (increase of 2% on a constant currency basis), partially offset by an increase in subscription revenue of 38% (55% on a constant currency basis).
Total software revenue declined primarily due to SLM and CAD declines; however, Technology Platform software revenue performed well in the quarter.
Changes in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly the Euro, reduced software revenue in Europe by $12.2 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015.
Pacific Rim
Revenue in the Pacific Rim in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 reflected a decrease of 26% in perpetual license and a decrease of 5% in support (flat on a constant currency basis), partially offset by an increase of 139% in subscription revenue. Changes in foreign currency exchange rates unfavorably impacted revenue in the Pacific Rim by $1.6 million in the first quarter of 2016.
Total Pacific Rim bookings were down year over year, but we had strong bookings growth in the Technology Platform business. The challenging macro environment continues in the region, most notably in China.
Revenue from China, which has historically represented 4% to 5% of our total revenue, was 4% of revenue in both the first quarter of 2016 and the first quarter of 2015, and decreased 28% in the first quarter of 2016, as compared to the first quarter of 2015.

26


Japan
Revenue in Japan in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 reflected an increase of 61% in subscriptions (76% on a constant currency basis), and an increase of 47% in perpetual licenses (59% on a constant currency basis), partially offset by a decrease of 4% in support (increase of 6% on a constant currency basis).
Changes in the Yen to U.S. Dollar exchange rate reduced software revenue in Japan by $2.2 million in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015.
Gross Margin
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Gross margin
$
210.9

 
$
232.5

 
(9
)%
Non-GAAP gross margin
219.7

 
241.2

 
(9
)%
Gross margin as a % of revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Software
85.0
%
 
86.7
%
 
 
Professional services
12.1
%
 
10.2
%
 
 
Gross margin as a % of total revenue
72.5
%
 
71.4
%
 
 
Non-GAAP gross margin as a % of total revenue
75.4
%
 
73.8
%
 
 

Gross margin as a percentage of total revenue in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 reflects lower subscription and perpetual license volume and a higher mix of support revenue. Support revenue comprised 59% of our total revenue in the first quarter of 2016 compared to 56% in the first quarter of 2015.

 
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of software revenue
$
36.8


$
34.7


6
 %
Cost of professional services revenue
43.3

 
58.2


(26
)%
Sales and marketing
82.4


89.5


(8
)%
Research and development
57.7


61.1


(6
)%
General and administrative
38.6


35.1


10
 %
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
8.4

 
9.4

 
(11
)%
Restructuring charge
37.1

 
(0.3
)
 


Total costs and expenses (1)
$
304.3

 
$
287.8

 
6
 %
Total headcount at end of period
5,654

 
6,237

 
(9
)%

(1)
On a constant currency basis, compared to the year-ago period, total costs and expenses for the first quarter of 2016 increased 11%.
Costs and expenses in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 increased primarily as a result of the following:
restructuring charges of $37.1 million recorded in the first quarter of 2016 compared to $(0.3) million in the first quarter of 2015;
an increase in stock-based compensation expense of $11.9 million;
costs from acquired businesses (ColdLight and Vuforia added approximately 140 employees at the date of the acquisitions);
investments we are making in our Technology Platform business;
company-wide merit pay increases which were effective July 1, 2015; and

27


cash-based incentive compensation expense which was higher by $5.0 million in the first quarter of 2016.
The increases above were partially offset by decreases due to:
cost savings resulting from restructuring actions in 2015;
foreign currency rates which favorably impacted costs and expenses in the first quarter of 2016 by $16.4 million; and
acquisition and pension termination-related costs, which were $4.5 million lower in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015.
Cost of Software Revenue
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Cost of software revenue
$
36.8

 
$
34.7

 
6
%
% of total revenue
13
%
 
11
%
 
 
% of total software revenue
15
%
 
13
%
 
 
Software headcount at end of period
777

 
730

 
6
%

Our cost of software revenue consists of fixed and variable costs associated with reproducing and distributing software and documentation, as well as royalties paid to third parties for technology embedded in or licensed with our software products, amortization of intangible assets associated with acquired products and costs to perform and support our cloud services business. Our cost of software revenue also includes costs such as salaries, benefits, and computer equipment and facilities associated with customer support and the release of support updates (including related royalty costs). Cost of software revenue as a percent of software revenue can vary depending on product mix sold, the effect of fixed and variable royalties, and the level of amortization of acquired software intangible assets. Amortization of acquired purchased software totaled $5.1 million and $4.8 million in the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, respectively. In the first quarter of 2016, compared to the first quarter of 2015, total compensation, benefit costs and travel expenses increased 5% ($0.9 million).
Cost of Professional Services Revenue
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Cost of professional services revenue
$
43.3

 
$
58.2

 
(26
)%
% of total revenue
15
%
 
18
%
 
 
% of total professional services revenue
88
%
 
90
%
 
 
Professional services headcount at end of period
989

 
1,272

 
(22
)%

Our cost of professional services revenue includes costs such as salaries, benefits, and computer equipment and facilities for our training and consulting personnel, and third-party subcontractor fees. In the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015, total compensation, benefit costs and travel expenses were down 32% ($13.0 million) and the cost of third-party consulting services was lower by 47% ($4.3 million). The decrease in both compensation-related costs and third-party consulting services is due to lower professional services revenue. Professional services headcount at the end of the first quarter of 2016 included approximately 23 employees added from businesses acquired after the first quarter of 2015. 
Sales and Marketing
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Sales and marketing
$
82.4

 
$
89.5

 
(8
)%
% of total revenue
28
%
 
27
%
 
 
Sales and marketing headcount at end of period
1,335

 
1,433

 
(7
)%


28


Our sales and marketing expenses primarily include salaries and benefits, sales commissions, advertising and marketing programs, travel and facility costs. In the first quarter of 2016, compared to the first quarter of 2015, total compensation, benefit costs and travel expenses were lower by 9% ($6.3 million) including lower commissions and cash-based incentive compensation. Sales and marketing headcount at the end of the first quarter of 2016 included approximately 19 employees added from businesses acquired after the first quarter of 2015. 
Research and Development
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Research and development
$
57.7

 
$
61.1

 
(6
)%
% of total revenue
20
%
 
19
%
 
 
Research and development headcount at end of period
1,894

 
2,125

 
(11
)%
Our research and development expenses consist principally of salaries and benefits, costs of computer equipment and facility expenses. Major research and development activities include developing new products and releases and updates of our software that enhance functionality and add features. In the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015, total compensation, benefit costs and travel expenses were lower by 4% ($2.2 million). Research and development headcount at the end of the first quarter of 2016 included approximately 81 employees added from businesses acquired after the first quarter of 2015. 
General and Administrative
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
General and administrative
$
38.6

 
$
35.1

 
10
 %
% of total revenue
13
%
 
11
%
 
 
General and administrative headcount at end of period
659

 
677

 
(3
)%

Our general and administrative expenses include the costs of our corporate, finance, information technology, human resources, legal and administrative functions, as well as acquisition-related charges, bad debt expense and outside professional services, including accounting and legal fees. The increase in general and administrative costs in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 was primarily attributable to an $11.7 million increase in performance-based bonus and stock-based compensation. This increase was offset by a decrease in acquisition and pension plan termination-related costs of $4.5 million, a decrease of salary, benefit costs and travel expenses of $0.8 million and a decrease in costs for outside professional services of $2.6 million.
Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
Percent
Change
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
$
8.4

 
$
9.4

 
(11
)%
% of total revenue
3
%
 
3
%
 
 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets reflects the amortization of acquired non-product related intangible assets, primarily customer and trademark-related intangible assets, recorded in connection with completed acquisitions. The decrease in amortization of acquired intangible assets in the first quarter of 2016 is due to certain intangibles becoming fully amortized.
Restructuring Charges
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
(in millions)
Restructuring charges
$
37.1

 
$
(0.3
)

On October 23, 2015, we committed to a plan to restructure our global workforce and consolidate select facilities in order to reduce our cost structure and to realign our investments with our identified growth opportunities. We expect the

29


restructuring actions to result in a charge of up to $50 million in 2016, $36.8 million of which was recorded in the first quarter of 2016, related to employee termination costs. The remaining charges are expected to be recorded predominantly in the second and third quarters of 2016. We expect that this reorganization will result in net annualized expense reductions of approximately $17 million. Additionally, in the first quarter of 2016, we recorded $0.3 million related to previous restructuring actions.
In the first three months of 2016, we made cash payments related to restructuring charges of $16.7 million, compared to $17.3 million in the first three months of 2015. At January 2, 2016, accrued restructuring was $35.6 million, which we expect to pay within the next twelve months.
The net restructuring credit recorded in the first three months of 2015 was primarily associated with the completion of actions initiated in the fourth quarter of 2014.
Interest and Other Expense, net
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
(in millions)
Interest income
$
0.9

 
$
1.2

Interest expense
(6.6
)
 
(3.8
)
Other expense, net
(0.6
)
 
(0.6
)
Total interest and other expense, net
$
(6.3
)
 
$
(3.2
)

Interest and other expense, net includes interest income, interest expense, foreign currency net losses and other non-operating gains and losses. Foreign currency net losses include costs of forward contracts, certain realized and unrealized foreign currency transaction gains or losses, and foreign exchange gains or losses resulting from the required period-end currency re-measurement of the assets and liabilities of our subsidiaries that use the U.S. Dollar as their functional currency. Because a large portion of our revenue and expenses is transacted in foreign currencies, we use foreign currency forward contracts, primarily for the Euro and Canadian Dollar, to reduce our exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates. The increase in interest expense in the first quarter of 2016 compared to the first quarter of 2015 was due to higher amounts outstanding under our credit facility. We had $718 million outstanding under the facility at January 2, 2016, compared to $606 million at January 3, 2015.

Income Taxes  
Three months ended
 
January 2, 2016
 
January 3, 2015
 
(Dollar amounts in millions)
Pre-tax income (loss)
$
(19.5
)
 
$
34.4

Tax provision
4.3

 
4.1

Effective income tax rate
(22
)%
 
12
%
In the first quarter of 2016 and 2015, our effective tax rate was lower than the 35% statutory federal income tax rate due to our corporate structure in which our foreign taxes are at a net effective tax rate lower than the U.S. rate. A significant amount of our foreign earnings is generated by our subsidiaries organized in Ireland. In 2016 and 2015, the foreign rate differential predominantly relates to these Irish earnings. Our foreign rate differential in 2016 and 2015 includes a rate benefit from a business realignment completed on September 30, 2014 in which intellectual property was transferred between two wholly-owned foreign subsidiaries. The realignment allows us to more efficiently manage the distribution of our products to European customers. We expect this realignment to result in an annual tax benefit of approximately $15 million to $20 million for the next several years, declining annually thereafter through 2021. This realignment resulted in a tax benefit of approximately $3 million and $4 million in the first quarters of 2016 and 2015, respectively. Additionally, in 2016 and 2015 our provision reflects a tax benefit of $2.6 million and $2.1 million, respectively, related to a retroactive extension of the U.S. research and development tax credit enacted in the first quarter of 2016 and 2015. In 2016 and 2015, this benefit was offset by a corresponding provision to increase our U.S. valuation allowance.
We have concluded, based on the weight of available evidence, that a full valuation allowance continues to be required against our U.S. net deferred tax assets as they are not more likely than not to be realized in the future. We will continue to reassess our valuation allowance requirements each financial reporting period.

30


In the normal course of business, PTC and its subsidiaries are examined by various taxing authorities, including the Internal Revenue Service in the U.S. We regularly assess the likelihood of additional assessments by tax authorities and provide for these matters as appropriate. We are currently under audit by tax authorities in several jurisdictions. Audits by tax authorities typically involve examination of the deductibility of certain permanent items, limitations on net operating losses and tax credits. Although we believe our tax estimates are appropriate, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could result in material changes in our estimates.
Non-GAAP Measures
The non-GAAP measures presented in the discussion of our results of operations and the respective most directly comparable GAAP measures are:
non-GAAP revenue—GAAP revenue
non-GAAP gross margin—GAAP gross margin
non-GAAP operating income—GAAP operating income
non-GAAP operating margin—GAAP operating margin
non-GAAP net income—GAAP net income
non-GAAP diluted earnings per share—GAAP diluted earnings per share
The non-GAAP measures exclude fair value adjustments related to acquired deferred revenue, stock-based compensation expense, amortization of acquired intangible assets expense, acquisition-related charges, restructuring charges, pension plan termination costs, a litigation accrual associated with our previously disclosed China investigation, identified discrete charges included in non-operating other expense, net and the related tax effects of the preceding items, and any other identified tax items. These items are normally included in the comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Our management excludes these items when evaluating our ongoing performance and/or predicting our earnings trends, and therefore excludes them when presenting non-GAAP financial measures. Management uses, and investors should consider, non-GAAP measures in conjunction with our GAAP results.
Fair value of acquired deferred revenue and deferred costs are purchase accounting adjustments to record acquired deferred revenue and deferred costs at their fair values.
Stock-based compensation expense is a non-cash expense relating to stock-based awards issued to executive officers, employees and outside directors, primarily consisting of restricted stock units.
Amortization of acquired intangible assets expense is a non-cash expense that is impacted by the timing and magnitude of our acquisitions.
Charges included in general and administrative expenses include acquisition-related charges, pension plan termination-related costs, and a litigation accrual associated with our previously disclosed China investigation. Acquisition-related charges include direct costs of potential and completed acquisitions and expenses related to acquisition integration activities, including transaction fees, due diligence costs, severance and professional fees. In addition, subsequent adjustments to our initial estimated amount of contingent consideration associated with specific acquisitions are included within acquisition-related charges. These costs are not considered part of our normal operations as the occurrence and amount will vary depending on the timing and size of acquisitions. In the second quarter of 2014, we began the process of terminating a U.S. pension plan. Costs associated with the termination are not considered part of our ongoing operations.
Restructuring charges are costs incurred in a period related to strategies to reduce costs and to realign our business, including costs related to employee terminations and costs of excess facilities.
We use these non-GAAP measures, and we believe that they assist our investors, to make period-to-period comparisons of our operational performance because they provide a view of our operating results without items that are not, in our view, indicative of our core operating results. We believe that these non-GAAP measures help illustrate underlying trends in our business, and we use the measures to establish budgets and operational goals (communicated internally and externally) for managing our business and evaluating our performance. We believe that providing non-GAAP measures affords investors a view of our operating results that may be more easily compared to the results of peer compa