Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - TAYLOR DEVICES INCFinancial_Report.xls
EX-32 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCcfo906certification.htm
EX-32 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCceo906certification.htm
EX-31 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCcfo302certification.htm
EX-31 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCceo302certification.htm
EX-20 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCshareholderletter.htm
EX-13 - TAYLOR DEVICES, INC, 2014 ANNUAL REPORT - TAYLOR DEVICES INCannualreport2014.htm
EX-10 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCtayloremploymentagreement.htm
EX-10 - TAYLOR DEVICES INCmcdonoughemploymentagreement.htm
EX-10 - TAYLOR DEVICES INChillemploymentagreement.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

F O R M 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014

or

 

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission file number 0-3498

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

New York 16-0797789

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

90 Taylor Drive, P.O. Box 748, North Tonawanda, New York 14120-0748
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant's telephone number, including area code   (716) 694-0800

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

None None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Common Stock ($.025 par value)

(Title of class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

 

[ ] Yes [X] No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

 

[ ] Yes [X] No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

[X] Yes [ ] No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

[X] Yes [ ] No

 
 

 

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [   ] Accelerated filer [   ]
Non-accelerated filer [   ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). [ ] Yes [X] No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter on November 30, 2013 is $27,368,000.

 

The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant's classes of common stock as of August 27, 2014: 3,343,289.

 

 

2
 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Documents Form 10-K Reference
   
Proxy Statement Part III, Items 10-14
   

FORM 10-K INDEX

PART I     PAGE
  Item 1.

Business.

 

4
  Item 1A. Risk Factors. 6
  Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments. 6
  Item 2.

Properties.

 

6
  Item 3.

Legal Proceedings.

 

6
  Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 6
PART II      
  Item 5.

Market For Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

7
  Item 6. Selected Financial Data. 8
  Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

8
  Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 16
  Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

16
  Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

16
  Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures.

 

16
  Item 9B. Other Information. 16
PART III      
  Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

16
  Item 11.

Executive Compensation.

 

16
  Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

16
  Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence. 16
  Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services. 16
PART IV      
  Item 15 Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 17
       
SIGNATURES   21
3
 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

The Company was incorporated in the State of New York on July 22, 1955 and is engaged in the design, development, manufacture and marketing of shock absorption, rate control, and energy storage devices for use in various types of machinery, equipment and structures. In addition to manufacturing and selling existing product lines, the Company continues to develop new and advanced technology products.

 

Principal Products

 

The Company manufactures and sells a single group of very similar products that have many different applications for customers. These similar products are included in one of six categories; namely, Seismic Dampers, Fluidicshoks®, Crane and Industrial Buffers, Self-Adjusting Shock Absorbers, Liquid Die Springs, and Vibration Dampers. Management does not track or otherwise account for sales broken down by these categories. The following is a summary of the capabilities and applications for these products.

 

Seismic Dampers are designed to ameliorate the effects of earthquake tremors on structures, and represent a substantial part of the business of the Company. Fluidicshoks® are small, extremely compact shock absorbers with up to 19,200 inch-pound capacities, produced in 15 standard sizes for primary use in the defense, aerospace and commercial industry. Crane and industrial buffers are larger versions of the Fluidicshoks® with up to 60,000,000 inch-pound capacities, produced in more than 60 standard sizes for industrial application on cranes, ships, container ships, railroad cars, truck docks, ladle and ingot cars, ore trolleys and car stops. Self-adjusting shock absorbers, which include versions of Fluidicshoks® and crane and industrial buffers, automatically adjust to different impact conditions, and are designed for high cycle application primarily in heavy industry. Liquid die springs are used as component parts of machinery and equipment used in the manufacture of tools and dies. Vibration dampers are used primarily by the aerospace and defense industries to control the response of electronics and optical systems subjected to air, ship, or spacecraft vibration.

 

Distribution

 

The Company uses the services of more than 50 sales representatives and distributors in the United States and Canada along with more than 20 representatives and distributors throughout the rest of the world. Specialized technical sales in aerospace and custom marketing activities are serviced by three sales agents, under the direction and with the assistance of Douglas P. Taylor, the Company's President. Sales representatives typically have non-exclusive, yearly agreements with the Company, which, in most instances, provide for payment of commissions on sales at 10% of the product's net aggregate selling price. Distributors also have non-exclusive, yearly agreements with the Company to purchase the Company's products for resale purposes.

 

Competition

 

The Company faces competition on mature aerospace and defense programs which may use more conventional products manufactured under less stringent government specifications. Two foreign companies are the Company's competitors in the production of crane buffers.

 

The Company's principal competitor for the manufacture of products in the aerospace and commercial aerospace industries field is UTC Aerospace Systems Division of United Technologies in Ft. Worth, Texas. While the Company is competitive with this company in the areas of pricing, warranty and product performance, due to limited financing and manufacturing facilities, the Company cannot compete in the area of volume production.

 

The Company competes directly against two other firms supplying seismic damping devices, as well as numerous other firms which supply alternative seismic protection technologies.

 

Raw Materials and Supplies

 

The principal raw materials and supplies used by the Company in the manufacture of its products are provided by numerous U.S. and foreign suppliers. The loss of any one of these would not materially affect the Company's operations.

 

4
 

 

Dependence Upon Major Customers

 

Sales to one customer, Sinodynamics Enterprise Co., Ltd., approximated 20% of net sales for 2014. Sinodynamics purchases Company products for the Taiwan market. The loss of this customer, unless the business is replaced by the Company, could result in an adverse effect on the results for the Company.

 

Patents, Trademarks and Licenses

 

The Company holds approximately 13 patents expiring at different times until the year 2031.

 

Terms of Sale

 

The Company does not carry significant inventory for rapid delivery to customers, and goods are not normally sold with return rights such as are available for consignment sales. The Company has no inventory out on consignment and no consignment sales for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013. No extended payment terms are offered. During the year ended May 31, 2014, delivery time after receipt of orders averaged 8 to 10 weeks for the Company's standard products. Due to the volatility of construction and aerospace/defense programs, progress payments are usually required for larger projects using custom designed components of the Company.

 

Need for Government Approval of Principal Products or Services

 

Contracts between the Company and the federal government or its independent contractors are subject to termination at the election of the federal government. Contracts are generally entered into on a fixed price basis. If the federal government should limit defense spending, these contracts could be reduced or terminated, which management believes would have a materially adverse effect on the Company.

 

Research and Development

 

The Company does not generally engage in major product research and development activities in connection with the design of its products, except when funded by aerospace customers or the federal government. The Company, however, engages in research testing of its products. For the fiscal years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013, the Company expended $317,000 and $300,000, respectively, on manufacturing research. For the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013, defense sponsored research and development totaled $77,000 and $163,000, respectively.

 

Government Regulation

 

Compliance with federal, state and local laws and regulations which have been enacted or adopted regulating the discharge of materials into the environment has had no material effect on the Company, and the Company believes that it is in substantial compliance with such provisions.

 

The Company is subject to the Occupational Safety and Health Act ("OSHA") and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, which establish strict standards for the protection of employees, and impose fines for violations of such standards. The Company believes that it is in substantial compliance with OSHA provisions and does not anticipate any material corrective expenditures in the near future. The Company is currently incurring only moderate costs with respect to disposal of hazardous waste and compliance with OSHA regulations.

 

The Company is also subject to regulations relating to production of products for the federal government. These regulations allow for frequent governmental audits of the Company's operations and fairly extensive testing of Company products. The Company believes that it is in substantial compliance with these regulations and does not anticipate corrective expenditures in the future.

 

Employees

 

Exclusive of Company sales representatives and distributors, as of May 31, 2014, the Company had 98 employees, including three executive officers, and six part time employees. The Company has good relations with its employees.

5
 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

The Company's production facilities occupy approximately six acres on Tonawanda Island in North Tonawanda, New York and are comprised of four interconnected buildings and two adjacent buildings. The production facilities consist of a small parts plant (approximately 4,400 square feet), a large parts plant (approximately 13,500 square feet), and include a facility of approximately 7,000 square feet comprised of a test facility, storage area, pump area and the Company's general offices. One adjacent building is a 17,000 square foot seismic assembly test facility. Another adjacent building (approximately 2,000 square feet) is used as a training facility. These facilities total more than 45,000 square feet. Adjacent to these facilities, the Company has a remote test facility used for shock testing. This state-of-the-art test facility is 1,200 square feet. The small parts plant consists of a complete small machine shop and tool room that produces all of the Company's product items which are less than two inches in diameter. The large parts plant consists of a complete large machine shop and tool room. Both plants contain custom-built machinery for boring, deep-hole drilling and turning of parts.

 

The Company owns three additional industrial buildings on nine acres of land in the City of North Tonawanda located 1.4 miles from the Company’s headquarters on Tonawanda Island. Total area of the three buildings is 46,000 square feet. The Company’s production machinery was relocated from the Company’s Tonawanda Island site in the autumn of 2013 and overhead cranes have been installed to move large parts from machine to machine. This allowed the former machining areas at the Tonawanda Island site to house greatly expanded assembly and product testing areas. All corporate and engineering offices were unaffected by the change and remain on Tonawanda Island.

 

The Company's real properties are subject to a negative pledge agreement with its lender, First Niagara Bank. The Company has agreed with the lender that, for so long as the credit facilities with the lender are outstanding, the Company will not sell, lease or mortgage any of its real properties. Additional information regarding the Company's agreement with First Niagara Bank is contained in Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, at "Capital Resources, Line of Credit and Long-Term Debt."

 

The Company leases a separate warehouse for storage from an unrelated third party, consisting of approximately 3,600 square feet at $975 per month. The warehouse is located approximately one-quarter mile from the above-referenced production facilities and office space. The total rental expense incurred by the Company for this facility in fiscal 2014 was $11,700.

 

The Company believes it is carrying adequate insurance coverage on its facilities and their contents.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

There are no legal proceedings at present.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6
 

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases Of Equity Securities.

 

Market Information

 

The Company's Common Stock trades on the NASDAQ Capital Market of the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation ("NASDAQ") stock market under the symbol TAYD. The high and low sales information noted below for the quarters of fiscal year 2014 and fiscal year 2013 were obtained from NASDAQ.

 

    Fiscal 2014   Fiscal 2013
    High   Low   High   Low
  First Quarter $9.58   $7.94   $9.58   $7.81
  Second Quarter $9.00   $7.82   $9.10   $7.24
  Third Quarter $8.69   $7.60   $9.73   $7.69
  Fourth Quarter $9.30   $8.27   $9.00   $7.58

 

Holders

 

As of August 13, 2014, the number of issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock was 3,343,289 and the approximate number of record holders of the Company's Common Stock was 705. Due to a substantial number of shares of the Company's Common Stock held in street name, the Company believes that the total number of beneficial owners of its Common Stock exceeds 2,000.

 

Dividends

 

No cash or stock dividends have been declared during the last two fiscal years. The Company plans to retain cash in the foreseeable future to fund working capital needs.

 

As of September 15, 2008, the Company's Board of Directors adopted a shareholder rights plan designed to deter coercive or unfair takeover tactics and prevent an acquirer from gaining control of the Company without offering a fair price to shareholders. Under the plan, certain rights ("Rights") were distributed as a dividend on each share of Common Stock (one Right for each share of Common Stock) held as of the close of business on October 3, 2008. Each whole Right entitles the holder, under certain defined conditions, to buy one two-thousandths (1/2000) of a newly issued share of the Company's Series 2008 Junior Participating Preferred Stock ("Series 2008 Preferred Stock") at a purchase price of $5.00 per unit of one two-thousandths of a share. Rights attach to and trade with the shares of Common Stock, without being evidenced by a separate certificate. No separate Rights certificates will be issued unless and until the Rights detach from Common Stock and become exercisable for shares of the Series 2008 Preferred Stock.

 

The Rights become exercisable to purchase shares of Preferred Stock (or, in certain circumstances, Common Stock) only if (i) a person acquired 15% or more of the Company's Common Stock, or (ii) a person commenced a tender or exchange offer for 10% or more of the Company's Common Stock, or (iii) the Board of Directors determined that the beneficial owner of at least 10% of the Company's Common Stock intended to cause the Company to take certain actions adverse to it and its shareholders or that such ownership would have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Rights Plan will expire on October 5, 2018.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock during the year ended May 31, 2014. On November 1, 2013, the Board of Directors of the Registrant voted unanimously to continue the share repurchase agreement, authorized by the Board in 2010, with Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated ("MLPF&S") under which the Company repurchases shares of its common stock. The Company has designated $419,815 of cash on hand as available for open-market purchases. Since Board authorization in 2010, a total of 15,600 shares have been purchased at an average price per share of $5.14. Repurchases are made by MLPF&S for the benefit of the Registrant.

 

 

7
 

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

The following table sets forth information regarding equity compensation plans of the Company as of May 31, 2014.

 

    Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan Category

 

 

 

 

Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants, and rights

(a)

 

 

 

Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights

(b)

 

Number of securities remaining available

for future issuance under equity compensation plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))

(c)

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders:

 

           

2001 Stock Option Plan

2005 Stock Option Plan

2008 Stock Option Plan

2012 Stock Option Plan

 

 

5,750

62,000

87,000

64,750

 

 

$3.27

$5.27

$8.13

$8.52

 

 

-

-

-

95,250

 

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders:  

 

 

 

       
2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan    (1)  

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

229,599

Total

 

  219,500       324,849
             
(1) The Company's 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the "Employee Plan") permits eligible employees to purchase shares of the Company's common stock at fair market value through payroll deductions and without brokers' fees.  Such purchases are without any contribution on the part of the Company.    As of May 31, 2014, 229,599 shares were available for issuance.  
               

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

 

The Company qualifies as a smaller reporting company, as defined by 17 CFR §229.10(f)(1), and is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Cautionary Statement

 

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a "safe harbor" for forward-looking statements. Information in this Item 7, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and elsewhere in this 10-K that does not consist of historical facts are "forward-looking statements." Statements accompanied or qualified by, or containing, words such as "may," "will," "should," "believes," "expects," "intends," "plans," "projects," "estimates," "predicts," "potential," "outlook," "forecast," "anticipates," "presume," "assume" and "optimistic" constitute forward-looking statements and, as such, are not a guarantee of future performance. The statements involve factors, risks and uncertainties, the impact or occurrence of which can cause actual results to differ materially from the expected results described in such statements. Risks and uncertainties can include, among others, fluctuations in general business cycles and changing economic conditions; variations in timing and amount of customer orders; changing product demand and industry capacity; increased competition and pricing pressures; advances in technology that can reduce the demand for the Company's products, as well as other factors, many or all of which may be beyond the Company's control. Consequently, investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as predictive of future results. The Company disclaims any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to the forward-looking statements herein to reflect any change in the Company's expectations with regard thereto, or any changes in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

8
 

 

Application of Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The Company's consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of the Company's financial statements requires management to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the amounts reported. These estimates, assumptions and judgments are affected by management's application of accounting policies, which are discussed in Note 1. "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and elsewhere in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. As discussed below, our financial position or results of operations may be materially affected when reported under different conditions or when using different assumptions in the application of such policies. In the event estimates or assumptions prove to be different from actual amounts, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information. Management believes the following critical accounting policies affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the Company's financial statements.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Our ability to collect outstanding receivables from our customers is critical to our operating performance and cash flows. Accounts receivable are stated at an amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management provides for probable uncollectible accounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to a valuation allowance based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts after considering the age of each receivable and communications with the customers involved. Balances that are collected, for which a credit to a valuation allowance had previously been recorded, result in a current-period reversal of the earlier transaction charging earnings and crediting a valuation allowance. Balances that are still outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off through a charge to the valuation allowance and a credit to accounts receivable in the current period. The actual amount of accounts written off over the five year period ended May 31, 2014 equaled less than 0.1% of sales for that period. The balance of the valuation allowance has decreased since May 31, 2013 to the current level of $10,000. Management does not expect the valuation allowance to materially change in the next twelve months for the current accounts receivable balance.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of average cost or market. Average cost approximates first-in, first-out cost.

 

Maintenance and other inventory represent stock that is estimated to have a product life-cycle in excess of twelve-months. This stock represents certain items the Company is required to maintain for service of products sold, and items that are generally subject to spontaneous ordering.

 

This inventory is particularly sensitive to technical obsolescence in the near term due to its use in industries characterized by the continuous introduction of new product lines, rapid technological advances and product obsolescence. Therefore, management of the Company has recorded an allowance for potential inventory obsolescence. Based on certain assumptions and judgments made from the information available at that time, we determine the amount in the inventory allowance. If these estimates and related assumptions or the market changes, we may be required to record additional reserves. Historically, actual results have not varied materially from the Company's estimates.

 

The provision for potential inventory obsolescence was $180,000 for each of the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Sales are recognized when units are delivered or services are performed. Sales under fixed-price contracts are recorded as deliveries are made at the contract sales price of the units delivered. Sales under certain fixed-price contracts requiring substantial performance over several periods prior to commencement of deliveries, are accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting whereby revenues are recognized based on estimates of completion prepared on a ratio of cost to total estimated cost basis. Costs include all material and direct and indirect charges related to specific contracts. Other expenses are charged to operations, as incurred. Total estimated costs for each of the contracts are estimated based on a combination of historical costs of manufacturing similar products and estimates or quotes from vendors for supplying parts or services towards the completion of the manufacturing process. Adjustments to cost and profit estimates are made periodically due to changes in job performance, job conditions and estimated profitability, including those arising from final contract settlements. These changes may result in revisions to costs and income and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Any losses expected to be incurred on contracts in progress are charged to operations in the period such losses are determined. If total costs calculated upon completion of the manufacturing process in the current period for a contract are more than the estimated total costs at completion used to calculate revenue in a prior period, then the revenue and profits in the current period will be lower than if the estimated costs used in the prior period calculation were equal to the actual total costs upon completion.

9
 

 

Historically, actual results have not varied materially from the Company's estimates. In the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, 47% of total revenue recognized was accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting while the remaining 53% of revenue was recorded as deliveries were made to our customers. In the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013, 58% of total revenue recognized was accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting while the remaining 42% of revenue was recorded as deliveries were made to our customers.

 

For financial statement presentation purposes, the Company nets progress billings against the total costs incurred on uncompleted contracts. The asset, "costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings," represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. The liability, "billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings," represents billings in excess of revenues recognized.

 

Income Taxes

 

The provision for income taxes provides for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements regardless of when such taxes are payable. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax and financial statement basis of assets and liabilities. The deferred tax assets relate principally to asset valuation allowances such as inventory obsolescence reserves and bad debt reserves and also to liabilities including warranty reserves, accrued vacation, accrued commissions and others. The deferred tax liabilities relate primarily to differences between financial statement and tax depreciation. Deferred taxes are based on tax laws currently enacted with tax rates expected to be in effect when the taxes are actually paid or recovered.

 

Realization of the deferred tax assets is dependent on generating sufficient taxable income at the time temporary differences become deductible. The Company provides a valuation allowance to the extent that deferred tax assets may not be realized. A valuation allowance has not been recorded against the deferred tax assets since management believes it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets are recoverable. The Company considers future taxable income and potential tax planning strategies in assessing the need for a potential valuation allowance. In future years the Company will need to generate approximately $3.2 million of taxable income in order to realize our deferred tax assets recorded as of May 31, 2014 of $1,099,000. This deferred tax asset balance is 3% ($36,000) higher than at the end of the prior year. The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable however, could be reduced in the near term if estimates of future taxable income are reduced. If actual results differ from estimated results or if the Company adjusts these assumptions, the Company may need to adjust its deferred tax assets or liabilities, which could impact its effective tax rate. Historically, actual results have not varied materially from the Company's estimates.

 

The Company's practice is to recognize interest related to income tax matters in interest income / expense and to recognize penalties in selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

The Company and its subsidiary file consolidated Federal and State income tax returns. As of May 31, 2014, the Company had State investment tax credit carryforwards of approximately $145,000 expiring through May 2020.

 

Results of Operations

 

A summary of the period to period changes in the principal items included in the consolidated statements of income is shown below:

 

Summary comparison of the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013  
    Increase /  
    (Decrease)  
Sales, net   $  (4,718,000)  
Cost of goods sold   $  (1,419,000)  
Selling, general and administrative expenses   $  (1,378,000)  
Income before provision for income taxes   $  (1,892,000)  
Provision for income taxes   $     (475,000)  
Net income   $  (1,417,000)  

 

 

10
 

 

For the year ended May 31, 2014 (All figures being discussed are for the year ended May 31, 2014 as compared to the year ended May 31, 2013.)

   Year ended May 31  Change
  2014 2013  Amount   Percent
Net Revenue $   20,011,000 $   24,729,000 $   (4,718,000 ) -19%
Cost of sales 14,546,000 15,965,000 (1,419,000 )   -9%
Gross profit $     5,465,000 $     8,764,000 $   (3,299,000 ) -38%
… as a percentage of net revenues 27% 35%      
             

 

The Company's consolidated results of operations showed a 19% decrease in net revenues and a decrease in net income of 56%. Gross profit decreased by 38%. After record high sales levels two years ago and above average sales levels last year, the sales level dropped in the middle of the current fiscal year at a time when movement of all of the Company’s production equipment from its original location at the Company headquarters to the new Buffalo Bolt Way campus in North Tonawanda during October and November resulted in an interruption of production with extensive lost time involved in installation, leveling and set-up of the machines. In the current period, revenues accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting decreased by 35% from the level recorded in the prior year. This decrease is primarily due to fewer projects in process in the current year (51 in fiscal 2014; 59 in fiscal 2013). Of the 51 projects in process during this year, 25 were still in process at 5/31/14 compared with the prior year when 16 of the 59 projects worked on were still in process at 5/31/13. The average value of these projects in-process at the end of the current fiscal year ($710,000) increased by 71% from the projects in-process at the end of the prior fiscal year ($415,000). The projects in the current year are 31% complete in the aggregate as compared with 52% for those in process at 5/31/13. Revenues recorded for all other product sales increased by 3% from last year. The gross profit as a percentage of net revenues for the current and prior year periods was 27% and 35%, respectively.

 

The number of projects in-process fluctuates from period to period, as does the average value of projects in-process. The changes from the prior period to the current period are not necessarily representative of future results.

 

The mix of customers buying our products changed from last year. Sales of the Company's products are made to three general groups of customers: industrial, construction and aerospace / defense. A 35% decrease from last year’s level in sales to construction customers who were seeking seismic / wind protection for either building new buildings and bridges or retrofitting existing buildings and bridges, and a 19% decrease in sales to customers using our products in industrial applications, was offset somewhat by a 9% increase in sales to aerospace / defense customers. A breakdown of sales to these three general groups of customers is as follows:

 

  Year ended May 31
  2014 2013
Industrial 10% 10%
Construction 46% 57%
Aerospace / Defense 44% 33%

 

At May 31, 2013, we had 108 open sales orders in our backlog with a total sales value of $13.1 million. At May 31, 2014, we had 107 open sales orders in our backlog and the total sales value is $24.6 million. $12.4 million of the current backlog is on projects already in progress. $3.2 million of the $13.1 million sales order backlog at May 31, 2013 was in progress at that date. 40% of the sales value in the backlog is for aerospace / defense customers compared to 59% at the end of fiscal 2013. As a percentage of the total sales order backlog, orders from customers in construction accounted for 58% at May 31, 2014 and 38% at May 31, 2013.

 

The Company's backlog, revenues, commission expense, gross margins, gross profits, and net income fluctuate from period to period. The changes in the current period, compared to the prior period, are not necessarily representative of future results.

 

 

 

 

 

11
 

 

Net revenue by geographic region, as a percentage of total net revenue for fiscal years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:

 

  Year ended May 31
  2014 2013
North America 63% 55%
Asia 33% 41%
Other 4% 4%

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

   Year ended May 31  Change
   2014 2013  Amount   Percent
Outside Commissions $      794,000 $      858,000 $       (64,000 )    -7%
Other SG&A 3,126,000 4,440,000 (1,314,000 ) -30%
Total SG&A $   3,920,000 $   5,298,000 $  (1,378,000 ) -26%
… as a percentage of net revenues 20% 21%      
             

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by 26% from the prior year. Outside commission expense decreased 7% from last year's level. This fluctuation was primarily due to the decrease in the level of sales from last year to this. Other selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by 30% from last year. This decrease is primarily due to a decrease in air-freight charges incurred last year in order to meet contractual obligations to deliver products on schedule along with a decrease in estimated incentive compensation expense from the prior period related to the lower level of sales and operating results.

 

The above factors resulted in operating income of $1,546,000 for the year ended May 31, 2014, down 55% from the $3,467,000 in the prior year.

 

The Company's effective tax rate (ETR) is calculated based upon current assumptions relating to the year's operating results and various tax related items. The ETR for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014 is 27.9%, slightly more than the ETR for the prior year of 26.4%. A reconciliation of provision for income taxes at the statutory rate to income tax provision at the Company's effective rate is as follows:

 

             2014           2013  
Computed tax provision at the expected statutory rate $    533,000   $1,176,000  
State income tax - net of Federal tax benefit 1,000   (3,000 )
Tax effect of permanent differences:        
Research tax credits (99,000 ) (213,000 )
Other permanent differences (17,000 ) (30,000 )
Other 19,000   (18,000 )
  $   437,000   $   912,000  
               

 

Stock Options

 

The Company has stock option plans which provide for the granting of nonqualified or incentive stock options to officers, key employees and non-employee directors. Options granted under the plans are exercisable over a ten year term. Options not exercised by the end of the term expire.

 

The Company measures compensation cost arising from the grant of share-based payments to employees at fair value and recognizes such cost in income over the period during which the employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. The Company recognized $112,000 and $110,000 of compensation cost for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

The fair value of each stock option grant has been determined using the Black-Scholes model. The model considers assumptions related to exercise price, expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, and the weighted average expected term of the stock option grants. The Company used a weighted average expected term. Expected volatility assumptions utilized in the model were based on volatility of the Company's stock price for the thirty month period immediately preceding the granting of the options. The Company issued stock options in August 2013 and April 2014. The risk-free interest rate is derived from the U.S. treasury yield.

12
 

 

The following assumptions were used in the Black-Scholes model in estimating the fair market value of the Company's stock option grants:

    August 2013   April 2014
Risk-free interest rate:   3.25%   3.25%
Expected life of the options:   3 years   3 years
Expected share price volatility:   36%   32%
Expected dividends:   zero   zero
These assumptions resulted in estimated fair-market value per stock option:   $2.41   $2.30

 

The ultimate value of the options will depend on the future price of the Company's common stock, which cannot be forecast with reasonable accuracy. A summary of changes in the stock options outstanding during the year ended May 31, 2014 is presented below.

        Weighted-
    Number of   Average
    Options   Exercise Price
Options outstanding and exercisable at May 31, 2013:   206,750   $6.63
Options granted:   48,000   $8.80
Less: Options exercised:   30,000   $5.26
Less: Options expired:   5,250    
Options outstanding and exercisable at May 31, 2014:   219,500   $7.31
Closing value per share on NASDAQ at May 31, 2014:       $8.83

 

 

Capital Resources, Line of Credit and Long-Term Debt

 

The Company's primary liquidity is dependent upon its working capital needs. These are primarily inventory, accounts receivable, costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings, accounts payable, accrued commissions, billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings, and debt service. The Company's primary sources of liquidity have been operations and bank financing.

 

Capital expenditures for the year ended May 31, 2014 were $1,356,000 compared to $3,293,000 in the prior year. The Company has no commitments to make capital expenditures as of May 31, 2014.

 

The Company has a $6,000,000 demand line of credit from a bank, with interest payable at the Company's option of 30, 60, 90 or 180 day LIBOR rate plus 2.5% or the bank's prime rate less .25%. There is no outstanding balance at May 31, 2014. There was no outstanding balance as of May 31, 2013. The outstanding balance on the line of credit fluctuates as the Company's various long-term projects progress. The line is secured by accounts receivable, equipment, inventory, and general intangibles, and a negative pledge of the Company's real property. This line of credit is subject to the usual terms and conditions applied by the bank and is subject to renewal annually. In conjunction with this line of credit, the Company agreed to the following covenants:

 

Covenant   Minimum per Covenant   Current Actual   When Measured
Minimum level of working capital   $3 million   $14.8 million   Quarterly
Minimum debt service coverage ratio   1.5:1   No debt service   Fiscal Year-end

 

The bank is not committed to make loans under this line of credit and no commitment fee is charged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13
 

 

Inventory and Maintenance Inventory

   May 31, 2014  May 31, 2013 Increase /(Decrease)
Raw materials $     571,000   $       583,000   $      (12,000 )   -2%
Work in process 8,149,000   7,876,000   273,000      3%
Finished goods 258,000   665,000   (407,000 ) -61%
Inventory 8,978,000 91% 9,124,000 91% (146,000 )   -2%
Maintenance and other inventory 837,000 9% 904,000 9% (67,000 )   -7%
Total $  9,815,000 100% $  10,028,000 100% $   (213,000 )   -2%
               
Inventory turnover 1.5   1.7        

 

Inventory, at $8,978,000 as of May 31, 2014, is 2% lower than the prior year-end. Of this, approximately 91% is work in process, 3% is finished goods, and 6% is raw materials. All of the current inventory is expected to be consumed or sold within twelve months. The level of inventory will fluctuate from time to time due to the stage of completion of the non-project sales orders in progress at the time.

 

The Company continues to rework slow-moving inventory, where applicable, to convert it to product to be used on customer orders. There was approximately $183,000 of slow-moving inventory used during the year ended May 31, 2014. The Company disposed of approximately $153,000 and $268,000 of obsolete inventory during the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

Accounts Receivable, Costs and Estimated Earnings in Excess of Billings (“CIEB) and Billings in Excess of Costs and Estimated Earnings (BIEC”)

 

   May 31, 2014  May 31, 2013 Increase /(Decrease)  
Accounts receivable $    2,894,000   $   2,245,000   $     649,000     29%  
CIEB 2,374,000   2,458,000   (84,000 )   -3%  
Less: BIEC 851,000   172,000   679,000   395%  
Net $    4,417,000   $   4,531,000   $    (114,000 )   -3%  
               
Number of an average day’s sales outstanding in accounts receivable (DSO) 49   39        
                     

 

The Company combines the totals of accounts receivable, the asset CIEB, and the liability BIEC, to determine how much cash the Company will eventually realize from revenue recorded to date. As the accounts receivable figure rises in relation to the other two figures, the Company can anticipate increased cash receipts within the ensuing 30-60 days.

 

Accounts receivable of $2,894,000 as of May 31, 2014 includes approximately $556,000 of amounts retained by customers on long-term construction projects. The Company expects to collect all of these amounts, including the retained amounts, during the next twelve months. The number of an average day's sales outstanding in accounts receivable (DSO) increased from 39 days at May 31, 2013 to 49 days at May 31, 2014. The DSO is a function of 1.) the level of sales for an average day (for example, total sales for the past three months divided by 90 days) and 2.) the level of accounts receivable at the balance sheet date. The level of sales for an average day in the fourth quarter of the current year is only 3% more than the level in the fourth quarter of the prior year. The level of accounts receivable at the end of the current year is 29% more than at the end of the prior year. The combination of these two factors caused the DSO to increase from last year end to this. The increase in the level of accounts receivable was due to: a.) the increase in retained amounts on projects, as discussed above and b.) a significant increase (114%) in the amount of billings to customers on projects in May 2014 over May 2013.

 

 

 

 

 

 

14
 

 

The status of the projects in-progress at the end of the current and prior fiscal years have changed in the factors affecting the year-end balances in the asset CIEB, and the liability BIEC:

 

  2014 2013
Number of projects in progress at year-end 25 16
Aggregate percent complete at year-end 31% 52%
Average total value of projects in progress at year-end $710,000 $415,000
Percentage of total value invoiced to customer 22% 18%

 

There are 56% more projects in-process at the end of the current fiscal year as compared with the prior year end and the average value of those projects has increased by 71% between those two dates.

 

As noted above, CIEB represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. Whenever possible, the Company negotiates a provision in sales contracts to allow the Company to bill, and collect from the customer, payments in advance of shipments. Unfortunately, provisions such as this are often not possible. The $2,374,000 balance in this account at May 31, 2014 is a 3% decrease from the prior year-end. Generally, if progress billings are permitted under the terms of a project sales agreement, then the more complete the project is, the more progress billings will be permitted. The Company expects to bill the entire amount during the next twelve months. 61% of the CIEB balance as of the end of the last fiscal quarter, February 28, 2014, was billed to those customers in the current fiscal quarter ended May 31, 2014. The remainder will be billed as the projects progress, in accordance with the terms specified in the various contracts.

 

As of May 31, 2014, there are sales orders for eight projects that are not yet in progress. These projects average $730,000 each in value upon completion. This compares to nine such projects as of the prior year end with an average value of $253,000.

 

The year-end balances in the CIEB account are comprised of the following components:

 

  May 31, 2014   May 31, 2013
Costs $  3,055,000   $  2,752,000
Estimated earnings 929,000   640,000
Less: Billings to customers 1,610,000   934,000
CIEB $  2,374,000   $  2,458,000
Number of projects in progress 17   13

 

As noted above, BIEC represents billings to customers in excess of revenues recognized. The $851,000 balance in this account at May 31, 2014 is in comparison to a $172,000 balance at the end of the prior year. The balance in this account fluctuates in the same manner and for the same reasons as the account "costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings", discussed above. Final delivery of product under these contracts is expected to occur during the next twelve months.

 

The year-end balances in this account are comprised of the following components:

 

  May 31, 2014   May 31, 2013
Billings to customers $   2,236,000   $      256,000
Less:  Costs 1,072,000   71,000
Less: Estimated earnings 313,000   13,000
BIEC $      851,000   $      172,000
Number of projects in progress 8   3

 

The Company's backlog of sales orders at May 31, 2014 is $24.6 million, up 88% from the backlog at the end of the prior year of $13.1 million. $12.4 million of the current backlog is on projects already in progress.

 

Accounts payable, at $1,166,000 as of May 31, 2014, is only slightly less than the prior year-end. The Company expects the current accounts payable amount to be paid during the next twelve months.

 

Commission expense on applicable sales orders is recognized at the time revenue is recognized. The commission is paid following receipt of payment from the customers. Accrued commissions as of May 31, 2014 are $430,000. This is only slightly less than the $437,000 accrued at the prior year-end. The Company expects the current accrued amount to be paid during the next twelve months.

15
 

 

Other accrued expenses of $1,259,000 decreased by 28% from the prior year of $1,736,000. This decrease is primarily due to a decrease in estimated incentive compensation expense from the prior period related to the lower level of operating results.

 

Management believes that the Company's cash on hand, cash flows from operations and borrowing capacity under the bank line of credit will be sufficient to fund ongoing operations, capital improvements and share repurchases (if any) for the next twelve months.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

Smaller reporting companies are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

The financial statements and supplementary data required pursuant to this Item 8 are included in this Form 10-K as a separate section commencing on page 23 and are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

There have been no disagreements between the Company and its accountants as to matters which require disclosure.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.

 

The Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer have evaluated the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as of May 31, 2014 and have concluded that, as of the evaluation date, the disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission's rules and forms and that information required to be disclosed in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

(b) Management's report on internal control over financial reporting.

 

The Company's management, with the participation of the Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer, is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. The Company's management has assessed the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2014. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control -- Integrated Framework. Based on this assessment management has concluded that, as of May 31, 2014, the Company's internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

 

(c) Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

 

There have been no changes in the Company's internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended May 31, 2014 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None.

 

PART III

 

The information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of this part will be presented in the Company's Proxy Statement to be issued in connection with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on November 7, 2014, which information is hereby incorporated by reference into this Annual Report. The proxy materials, including the Proxy Statement and form of proxy, will be filed within 120 days after the Company's fiscal year end.

16
 

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

 

DOCUMENTS FILED AS PART OF THIS REPORT:
 

Index to Financial Statements:

 

    (i)

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

    (ii)

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 31, 2014 and 2013

 

    (iii) Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013
    (iv)

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013

 

    (v)

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013

 

    (vi) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - May 31, 2014 and 2013
EXHIBITS:
  3

Articles of incorporation and by-laws

 

    (i)

Restated Certificate of Incorporation incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(i) of Annual Report on Form 10-K, dated August 24, 1983.

 

    (ii)

Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(iv) to Form 8 [Amendment to Application or Report], dated September 24, 1993.

 

    (iii)

Amendment to Certificate of Incorporation eliminating and re-designating the Series A Junior Preferred Stock and creating 5,000 Series 2008 Junior Participating Preferred Stock, at $.05 par value, as filed by the Secretary of State of the State of New York on September 16, 2008, and incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(i) of Form 8-K, dated as of September 15, 2008 and filed September 18, 2008.

 

    (iv)

Certificate of Change incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(i) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB for the period ending November 30, 2002.

 

    (v)

Proxy Review Guidelines incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(ii) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB for the period ending February 28, 1998, dated April 10, 1998.

 

    (vi)

By-laws incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(i) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-QSB for the period ending February 28, 2004, dated April 14, 2004.

 

    (vii) Amendment to By-laws incorporated by reference to Exhibit (3)(ii) of Form 8-K, dated as of September 15, 2008 and filed September 18, 2008.

  4

Instruments defining rights of security holders, including indentures

 

    (i)

Rights Agreement by and between registrant and Regan & Associates, Inc, dated as of October 5, 2008 and letter to shareholders (including Summary of Rights), dated October 5, 2008, attached as Exhibits 4 and 20, respectively to Registration Statement on Form 8-A 12G, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 3, 2008.

 

  10

Material Contracts

 

    (i)

2001 Taylor Devices, Inc. Stock Option Plan attached as Exhibit A to Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 24, 2001.

 

             
17
 

 

    (ii)

2005 Taylor Devices, Inc. Stock Option Plan attached as Appendix B to Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 27, 2005.

 

    (iii)

2008 Taylor Devices, Inc. Stock Option Plan attached as Appendix C to Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 26, 2008.

 

    (iv)

2012 Taylor Devices, Inc. Stock Option Plan attached as Appendix C to Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 21, 2012.

 

    (v)

The 2004 Taylor Devices, Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Registration Statement on Form S-8, File No. 333-114085, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2004.

 

    (vi)

Post-Effective Amendment No. 1 to Registration Statement on Form S-8, File No. 333-114085, for the 2004 Taylor Devices, Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 24, 2006.

 

    (vii)

Form of Indemnification Agreement between registrant and directors and executive officers, attached as Appendix A to Definitive Proxy Statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 27, 2007.

 

    (viii)

Consent Agreement by and between Taylor Devices, Inc. and HSBC Bank USA, National Association, dated November 30, 2008, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(xv) to Annual Report on Form 10-KSB, dated August 21, 2008.

 

    (ix)

General Security Agreement dated August 7, 2009 by the Registrant in favor of First Niagara Bank, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(xiii) to Annual Report on Form 10-K filed August 28, 2009.

 

    (x)

Negative Pledge Agreement dated August 7, 2009 by the Registrant in favor of First Niagara Bank, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(xiv) to Annual Report on Form 10-K filed August 28, 2009.

 

    (xi)

Management Bonus Policy dated as of March 4, 2011 between the Registrant and executive officers, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10(i) to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending February 28, 2011.

 

    (xii)

Employment Agreement dated as of August 26, 2014 between the Registrant and Douglas P. Taylor.

 

    (xiii)

Employment Agreement dated as of August 26, 2014 between the Registrant and Richard G. Hill.

 

    (xiv)

Employment Agreement dated as of August 26, 2014 between the Registrant and Mark V. McDonough.

 

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
18
 

 

  11 Statement regarding computation of per share earnings
     
    REG. 228.601(A)(11)  Statement regarding computation of per share earnings
     
    Weighted average of common stock/equivalents outstanding - fiscal year ended May 31, 2014
       
      Weighted average common stock outstanding  3,341,975
      Common shares issuable under stock option plans using treasury stock method       30,830
      Weighted average common stock outstanding assuming dilution  3,372,805
       
      Net income fiscal year ended May 31, 2014 (1) $  1,131,212
      Weighted average common stock (2)   3,341,975
      Basic income per common share        (1) divided by (2) $             .34
       
      Net income fiscal year ended May 31, 2014 (3) $  1,131,212
      Weighted average common stock outstanding assuming dilution (4)     3,372,805
      Diluted income per common share     (3) divided by (4) $             .34
     
    Weighted average of common stock/equivalents outstanding - fiscal year ended May 31, 2013
       
      Weighted average common stock outstanding  3,310,514
      Common shares issuable under stock option plans using treasury stock method         46,778
      Weighted average common stock outstanding assuming dilution   3,357,292
       
      Net income fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 (1) $  2,547,794
      Weighted average common stock (2) 3,310,514
      Basic income per common share         (1) divided by (2) $             .77
       
      Net income fiscal year ended May 31, 2013 (3) $  2,547,794
      Weighted average common stock outstanding assuming dilution (4)     3,357,292
      Diluted income per common share      (3) divided by (4) $             .76
       
  13 The Annual Report to Security Holders for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, attached to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
       
  14 Code of Ethics, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 14 to Annual Report on Form 10-KSB for the period ending May 31, 2004.
  20 Other documents or statements to security holders
    (i) News from Taylor Devices, Inc. Shareholder Letter, Summer 2014.
  21 Subsidiaries of the registrant
    Tayco Realty Corporation is a New York corporation organized on September 8, 1977, owned by the Company.
  23 The Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm precedes the Consolidated Financial Statements.
  31 Officer Certifications
    (i) Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
    (ii) Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer.
  32 Officer Certifications
    (i) Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer.
                   
19
 

 

    (ii) Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer.
  101 Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T:  (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
    101.INS** XBRL Instance Document
    101.SCH** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
    101.CAL** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
    101.DEF** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
    101.LAB** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
    101.PRE** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
  ** In accordance with Rule 406T(b)(2) of Regulation S-T, the interactive data files in this Report shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), or otherwise subject to the liability of that section and shall not be part of any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.
         
20
 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC.  
(Registrant)  

 

 

 

 

By: /s/Douglas P. Taylor Date: August 14, 2014
  Douglas P. Taylor    
  President and Director    
  (Principal Executive Officer)    

 

 

 

 

and

 

 

 

 

By: /s/Mark V. McDonough Date: August 14, 2014
  Mark V. McDonough    
  Chief Financial Officer    

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

By: /s/Reginald B. Newman II By: /s/Richard G. Hill
  Reginald B. Newman II, Director   Richard G. Hill, Director
  August 14, 2014   August 14, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

By: /s/John Burgess By: /s/Randall L. Clark
  John Burgess, Director   Randall L. Clark, Director
  August 14, 2014   August 14, 2014

 

21
 

 

 

 

[Lumsden & McCormick, LLP Letterhead]

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

 

 

To The Board of Directors of

Taylor Devices, Inc.

 

 

Gentlemen:

 

 

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (Commission File Number 0-3498) of Taylor Devices, Inc. of our report dated August 21, 2014 and any reference thereto in the Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014.

 

We also consent to such incorporation by reference in Registration Statement Nos. 333-75662, 333-114085, 333-133340, 333-155284 and 333-184809 of Taylor Devices, Inc. on Form S-8 of our report dated August 21, 2014.

 

 

/s/Lumsden & McCormick, LLP

Lumsden & McCormick, LLP

Buffalo, New York

August 21, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

 

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

May 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23
 

[Lumsden & McCormick, LLP Letterhead]

 

 

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

 

 

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Taylor Devices, Inc.

 

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Taylor Devices, Inc. and Subsidiary as of May 31, 2014 and 2013, and the related consolidated statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the years then ended. The Company's management is responsible for these financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Taylor Devices, Inc. and Subsidiary as of May 31, 2014 and 2013, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

 

 

/s/Lumsden & McCormick, LLP

Lumsden & McCormick, LLP

Buffalo, New York

August 21, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24
 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY    
       
Consolidated Balance Sheets    
       
May 31, 2014 2013
       
Assets    
Current assets:    
  Cash and cash equivalents    $      2,793,642    $      1,997,874
  Accounts receivable, net (Note 2)            2,894,344            2,244,575
  Inventory (Note 3)            8,978,302            9,124,186
  Prepaid expenses               423,232               299,776
  Prepaid income taxes                           -               157,137
  Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings (Note 4)            2,373,791            2,457,822
  Deferred income taxes (Note 10)            1,098,600            1,062,600
    Total current assets          18,561,911          17,343,970    
       
Maintenance and other inventory, net (Note 5)               836,569               904,299
Property and equipment, net (Note 6)            7,867,728            7,211,162
Cash value of life insurance, net               164,568               159,078
       $    27,430,776    $    25,618,509
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity    
Current liabilities:    
  Accounts payable    $      1,166,162    $      1,209,597
  Accrued commissions               429,839               436,732
  Other accrued expenses            1,258,765            1,736,357
  Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings (Note 4)               850,531               171,881
  Accrued income taxes                 85,023                           -
    Total current liabilities            3,790,320            3,554,567
       
Deferred income taxes (Note 10)               558,485               398,185
     
Stockholders' Equity:    
  Common stock, $.025 par value, authorized 8,000,000 shares,    
    issued 3,872,959 and 3,841,178 shares                 96,824                 96,029
  Paid-in capital            7,682,170            7,397,963
  Retained earnings          17,801,960          16,670,748
             25,580,954          24,164,740
  Treasury stock - 530,143 shares at cost           (2,498,983)           (2,498,983)
    Total stockholders' equity          23,081,971          21,665,757
       $    27,430,776    $    25,618,509
       
See notes to consolidated financial statements.    
           

 

25
 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY      
       
Consolidated Statements of Income      
     
For the years ended May 31, 2014   2013
       
       
Sales, net (Note 9)  $ 20,011,228   $ 24,729,585
       
Cost of goods sold 14,545,882   15,965,255
       
     Gross profit 5,465,346   8,764,330
       
Selling, general and administrative expenses 3,919,594   5,297,668
       
     Operating income 1,545,752   3,466,662
       
Other income (expense):      
   Interest, net 860     (45,460)
   Miscellaneous 21,600   38,592
Total other income (expense) 22,460   (6,868)
       
     Income before provision for income taxes 1,568,212   3,459,794
       
Provision for income taxes (Note 10) 437,000   912,000
       
     Net income $   1,131,212   $   2,547,794
       
Basic earnings per common share (Note 11)     $ 0.34   $ 0.77
Diluted earnings per common share (Note 11)     $ 0.34   $ 0.76
       
See notes to consolidated financial statements.      
         

 

26
 

 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY        
           
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity      
           
For the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013        
    Common Paid-In Retained Treasury
    Stock Capital Earnings Stock
           
Balance, May 31, 2012    $    95,995     $     7,276,694   $    14,122,954   $   (2,498,983)
         
  Net income for the year ended May 31, 2013                   -                           -           2,547,794                        -
           
  Common stock issued for employee stock        
      purchase plan (Note 13)                 34                 11,683                         -                        -
           
  Stock options issued for services                   -               109,586                         -                        -
           
Balance, May 31, 2013          96,029            7,397,963         16,670,748        (2,498,983)
           
  Net income for the year ended May 31, 2014                   -                           -           1,131,212                        -
           
  Common stock issued for employee stock        
  Option plan (Note 14)               750               156,900                         -                        -
           
  Common stock issued for employee stock        
     purchase plan (Note 13)                 45                 15,136                         -                        -
           
  Stock options issued for services                   -               112,171                         -                        -
           
Balance, May 31, 2014     $   96,824     $     7,682,170     $  17,801,960    $  (2,498,983)
           
           
See notes to consolidated financial statements.        
             

 

27
 

 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY    
             
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows    
             
For the years ended May 31, 2014 2013
             
Operating activities:    
  Net income     $    1,131,212     $    2,547,794
  Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows from    
    operating activities:    
    Depreciation              699,039              564,262
    Stock options issued for services              112,171              109,586
    Bad debts expense (recovery)                (32,024)                         -
    Provision for inventory obsolescence              180,000              180,000
    Deferred income taxes              124,300                  2,000
    Changes in other current assets and liabilities:    
      Accounts receivable             (617,745)           3,365,753
      Inventory               33,614              (991,116)
      Prepaid expenses              (123,456)              182,541
      Prepaid income taxes              157,137              (157,137)
      Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings                84,031           3,034,206
      Accounts payable                (43,435)           (2,152,145)
      Accrued commissions                  (6,893)              (194,489)
      Other accrued expenses              (477,592)              (380,398)
      Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings              678,650              (497,019)
      Accrued income taxes               85,023              (140,977)
        Net operating activities          1,984,032            5,472,861
             
Investing activities:    
  Acquisition of property and equipment           (1,355,605)           (3,293,471)
  Increase in cash value of life insurance                  (5,490)                  (5,528)
        Net investing activities           (1,361,095)           (3,298,999)
             
Financing activities:    
  Net short-term borrowings                          -              (258,000)
  Payments on long-term debt                           -                  (3,657)
  Proceeds from issuance of common stock               172,831                11,717
        Net financing activities               172,831               (249,940)
             
        Net change in cash and cash equivalents               795,768            1,923,922
             
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning            1,997,874                 73,952
        Cash and cash equivalents - ending $         2,793,642    $     1,997,874
             
See notes to consolidated financial statements.    
                 

 

28
 

 

TAYLOR DEVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 

 

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies:

 

Nature of Operations:

 

Taylor Devices, Inc. (the Company) manufactures and sells a single group of very similar products that have many different applications for customers. These similar products are included in one of six categories; namely, Seismic Dampers, Fluidicshoks®, Crane and Industrial Buffers, Self-Adjusting Shock Absorbers, Liquid Die Springs, and Vibration Dampers for use in various types of machinery, equipment and structures, primarily to customers which are located throughout the United States and several foreign countries. The products are manufactured at the Company's sole operating facility in the United States where all of the Company's long-lived assets reside. Management does not track or otherwise account for sales broken down by these categories.

 

62% of the Company's 2014 revenue was generated from sales to customers in the United States and 33% was from sales to customers in Asia. Remaining sales were to customers in other countries in North America, Europe and South.

 

54% of the Company's 2013 revenue was generated from sales to customers in the United States and 41% was from sales to customers in Asia. Remaining sales were to customers in other countries in North America, Europe, and South America.

 

Principles of Consolidation:

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, Tayco Realty Corporation (Realty). All inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Subsequent Events:

 

The Company has evaluated events and transactions for potential recognition or disclosure in the financial statements through the date the financial statements were issued.

 

Use of Estimates:

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents:

 

The Company includes all highly liquid investments in money market funds in cash and cash equivalents on the accompanying balance sheets.

 

Cash and cash equivalents in financial institutions may exceed insured limits at various times during the year and subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk.

 

Accounts Receivable:

 

Accounts receivable are stated at an amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management provides for probable uncollectible accounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to a valuation allowance based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts. Balances that are still outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off through a charge to the valuation allowance and a credit to accounts receivable.

 

Inventory:

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of average cost or market. Average cost approximates first-in, first-out cost.

29
 

 

Property and Equipment:

 

Property and equipment is stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation. Deprecation is provided primarily using the straight-line method for financial reporting purposes, and accelerated methods for income tax reporting purposes. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred; significant improvements are capitalized.

 

Cash Value of Life Insurance:

 

Cash value of life insurance is stated at the surrender value of the contracts.

 

Revenue Recognition:

 

Sales are recognized when units are delivered or services are performed. Sales under fixed-price contracts are recorded as deliveries are made at the contract sales price of the units delivered. Sales under certain fixed-price contracts requiring substantial performance over several periods prior to commencement of deliveries, are accounted for under the percentage-of-completion method of accounting whereby revenues are recognized based on estimates of completion prepared on a ratio of cost to total estimated cost basis. Costs include all material and direct and indirect charges related to specific contracts. Other expenses are charged to operations as incurred. Total estimated costs for each of the contracts are estimated based on a combination of historical costs of manufacturing similar products and estimates or quotes from vendors for supplying parts or services towards the completion of the manufacturing process. Adjustments to cost estimates are made periodically, and losses expected to be incurred on contracts in progress are charged to operations in the period such losses are determined. If total costs calculated upon completion of the manufacturing process in the current period for a contract are more than the estimated total costs at completion used to calculate revenue in a prior period, then the revenue and profits in the current period will be lower than if the estimated costs used in the prior period calculation were equal to the actual total costs upon completion. In the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014, 47% of total revenue recognized was accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting while the remaining 53% of revenue was recorded as deliveries were made to our customers. In the fiscal year ended May 31, 2013, 58% of total revenue recognized was accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting while the remaining 42% of revenue was recorded as deliveries were made to our customers.

 

For financial statement presentation purposes, the Company nets progress billings against the total costs incurred on uncompleted contracts. The asset, "costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings," represents revenues recognized in excess of amounts billed. The liability, "billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings," represents billings in excess of revenues recognized.

 

Shipping and Handling Costs:

 

Shipping and handling costs are classified as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Income Taxes:

 

The provision for income taxes provides for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements regardless of when such taxes are payable. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax and financial statement basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred taxes are based on tax laws currently enacted with tax rates expected to be in effect when the taxes are actually paid or recovered.

 

The Company's practice is to recognize interest related to income tax matters in interest income / expense and to recognize penalties in selling, general and administrative expenses. The Company did not have any accrued interest or penalties included in its consolidated balance sheets at May 31, 2014 or 2013. The Company recorded no interest expense or penalties in its consolidated statements of income during the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

Sales Taxes:

 

Certain jurisdictions impose a sales tax on Company sales to nonexempt customers. The Company collects these taxes from customers and remits the entire amount as required by the applicable law. The Company excludes from revenues and expenses the tax collected and remitted.

 

30
 

 

Stock-Based Compensation:

 

The Company measures compensation cost arising from the grant of share-based payments to employees at fair value and recognizes such cost in income over the period during which the employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. The stock-based compensation expense for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013 was $112,171 and $109,586.

 

New Accounting Standards:

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods, and interim periods within that period, beginning after December 15, 2016 (fiscal year 2018 for the Company) and early adoption is not permitted. Companies may use either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt ASU 2014-09. The Company has not yet determined the potential effects of the adoption of ASU 2014-09 on its Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Other recently issued Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) guidance has either been implemented or are not significant to the Company.

 

2. Accounts Receivable:

 

  2014   2013
Customers $  2,348,113   $  1,931,178
Customers - retention 556,231   355,421
  2,904,344   2,286,599
Less allowance for doubtful accounts 10,000   42,024
  $  2,894,344   $  2,244,575

 

3. Inventory:

 

  2014   2013
Raw materials $     571,491   $     582,591
Work-in-process 8,149,015   7,876,272
Finished goods 357,796   765,323
  9,078,302   9,224,186
Less allowance for obsolescence 100,000   100,000
  $  8,978,302   $  9,124,186

 

4. Costs and Estimated Earnings on Uncompleted Contracts:

 

  2014   2013
Costs incurred on uncompleted contracts $  4,126,406   $  2,822,541
Estimated earnings 1,242,594   653,458
  5,369,000   3,475,999
Less billings to date 3,845,740   1,190,058
  $  1,523,260   $  2,285,941

 

Amounts are included in the accompanying balance sheets under the following captions:

 

  2014   2013
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings $  2,373,791   $  2,457,822
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings 850,531   171,881
  $  1,523,260   $  2,285,941
31
 

 

5. Maintenance and Other Inventory:

 

  2014   2013
Maintenance and other inventory $ 2,128,710   $ 2,169,148
Less allowance for obsolescence 1,292,141   1,264,849
  $    836,569   $    904,299

 

Maintenance and other inventory represent stock that is estimated to have a product life-cycle in excess of twelve-months. This stock represents certain items the Company is required to maintain for service of products sold, and items that are generally subject to spontaneous ordering.

 

This inventory is particularly sensitive to technical obsolescence in the near term due to its use in industries characterized by the continuous introduction of new product lines, rapid technological advances and product obsolescence. Therefore, management of the Company has recorded an allowance for potential inventory obsolescence.

 

The provision for potential inventory obsolescence was $180,000 for each of the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

6. Property and Equipment:

 

  2014   2013
Land $      195,220   $      195,220
Buildings and improvements 7,752,647   7,214,445
Machinery and equipment 7,089,831   6,711,011
Office furniture and equipment 1,222,222   1,091,929
Autos and trucks 73,331   73,331
Land improvements 371,590   63,300
  16,704,841   15,349,236
Less accumulated depreciation 8,837,113   8,138,074
  $   7,867,728   $   7,211,162

 

Depreciation expense was $699,039 and $564,262 for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

7. Short-Term Borrowings:

 

The Company has a credit facility with a $6,000,000 demand line of credit from a bank, with interest payable at the Company's option of 30, 60, 90 or 180 day LIBOR rate plus 2.5% or the bank's prime rate less .25%. The line is secured by accounts receivable, equipment, inventory, general intangibles, and a negative pledge of the Company's real property. This line of credit is subject to the usual terms and conditions applied by the bank and subject to renewal annually.

 

There is no amount outstanding under the line of credit at May 31, 2014 or May 31, 2013.

 

The Company uses a cash management facility under which the bank draws against the available line of credit to cover checks presented for payment on a daily basis. Outstanding checks under this arrangement totaled $264,146 and $113,095 as of May 31, 2014 and 2013. These amounts are included in accounts payable.

 

8. Legal Proceedings:

 

There are no legal proceedings except for routine litigation incidental to the business.

 

9. Sales:

 

The Company manufactures and sells a single group of very similar products that have many different applications for customers. These similar products are included in one of six categories; namely, Seismic Dampers, Fluidicshoks®, Crane and Industrial Buffers, Self-Adjusting Shock Absorbers, Liquid Die Springs, and Vibration Dampers. Management does not track or otherwise account for sales broken down by these categories. Sales of the Company's products are made to three general groups of

32
 

 

customers: industrial, construction and aerospace / defense. A breakdown of sales to these three general groups of customers is as follows:

 

  2014   2013
Construction $  9,110,853   $14,105,072
Aerospace / Defense 8,879,443   8,132,008
Industrial 2,020,932   2,492,505
  $20,011,228   $24,729,585

 

Sales to five customers approximated 50% (20%, 10%, 9%, 6% and 5%, respectively) of net sales for 2014. Sales to five customers approximated 52% (29%, 7%, 6%, 5% and 5%, respectively) of net sales for 2013.

 

10. Income Taxes:

 

  2014   2013  
Current tax provision (benefit):        
Federal $  311,000   $  911,000    
State 1,700   (1,000 )  
  312,700   910,000    
Deferred tax provision (benefit):          
Federal 122,900   2,000    
State 1,400   -    
  124,300   2,000    
  $  437,000   $  912,000    

 

A reconciliation of provision for income taxes at the statutory rate to income tax provision at the Company's effective rate is as follows:

 

  2014   2013  
Computed tax provision at the expected statutory rate $  533,200   $1,176,400  
State income tax - net of Federal tax benefit 1,000   (2,900 )
Tax effect of permanent differences:        
Research tax credits (99,000 ) (213,000 )
Other permanent differences (17,200 ) (29,800 )
Other 19,000   (18,700 )
  $   437,000   $   912,000  
Effective income tax rate 27.9%   26.4%  

 

Significant components of the Company's deferred tax assets and liabilities consist of the following:

 

  2014   2013  
Deferred tax assets:        
Allowance for doubtful receivables $       3,400   $     14,400  
Tax inventory adjustment 254,600   209,500  
Allowance for obsolete inventory 474,800   465,400  
Accrued vacation 59,800   60,200  
Accrued commissions 8,900   4,000  
Warranty reserve 89,900   126,300  
Stock options issued for services 207,200   182,800  
  1,098,600   1,062,600  
Deferred tax liabilities:        
Excess tax depreciation (558,485 ) (398,185 )
Net deferred tax assets $   540,115   $   664,415  

 

33
 

 

Realization of the deferred tax assets is dependent on generating sufficient taxable income at the time temporary differences become deductible. The Company provides a valuation allowance to the extent that deferred tax assets may not be realized. A valuation allowance has not been recorded against the deferred tax assets since management believes it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets are recoverable. The Company considers future taxable income and potential tax planning strategies in assessing the need for a potential valuation allowance. The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable however, could be reduced in the near term if estimates of future taxable income are reduced. The Company will need to generate approximately $3.2 million in taxable income in future years in order to realize the deferred tax assets recorded as of May 31, 2014 of $1,098,600.

 

The Company and its subsidiary file consolidated Federal and State income tax returns. As of May 31, 2014, the Company had State investment tax credit carryforwards of approximately $145,000 expiring through May 2020.

 

11. Earnings Per Common Share:

 

Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per common share reflects the weighted-average common shares outstanding and dilutive potential common shares, such as stock options.

 

A reconciliation of weighted-average common shares outstanding to weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution is as follows:

 

  2014   2013
Average common shares outstanding 3,341,975   3,310,514
Common shares issuable under stock option plans 30,830   46,778
Average common shares outstanding assuming dilution 3,372,805   3,357,292

 

12. Related Party Transactions:

 

The Company had no related party transactions for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

13. Employee Stock Purchase Plan:

 

In March 2004, the Company reserved 295,000 shares of common stock for issuance pursuant to a non-qualified employee stock purchase plan. Participation in the employee stock purchase plan is voluntary for all eligible employees of the Company. Purchase of common shares can be made by employee contributions through payroll deductions. At the end of each calendar quarter, the employee contributions will be applied to the purchase of common shares using a share value equal to the mean between the closing bid and ask prices of the stock on that date. These shares are distributed to the employees at the end of each calendar quarter or upon withdrawal from the plan. During the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013, 1,781 ($8.22 to $8.935 price per share) and 1,359 ($8.39 to $8.98 price per share) common shares, respectively, were issued to employees. As of May 31, 2014, 229,599 shares were reserved for further issue.

 

14. Stock Option Plans:

 

In 2012, the Company adopted a stock option plan which permits the Company to grant both incentive stock options and non-qualified stock options. The incentive stock options qualify for preferential treatment under the Internal Revenue Code. Under this plan, 160,000 shares of common stock have been reserved for grant to key employees and directors of the Company and 64,750 shares have been granted as of May 31, 2014. Under the plan, the option price may not be less than the fair market value of the stock at the time the options are granted. Options vest immediately and expire ten years from the date of grant.

 

Using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, the weighted average estimated fair value of each option granted under the plan was $2.34 during 2014 and $2.46 during 2013. The pricing model uses the assumptions noted in the following table. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company's stock. The risk-free interest rate for periods within the contractual life of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of the grant. The expected life of options granted is derived from previous history of stock exercises from the grant date and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. The Company uses historical data to estimate option exercise and employee termination assumptions under the valuation model. The Company has never paid dividends on its common stock and does not anticipate doing so in the foreseeable future.

34
 

 

  2014   2013
Risk-free interest rate 3.25%   2.21%
Expected life in years 3.0   2.9
Expected volatility 33%   44%
Expected dividend yield 0%   0%

 

The following is a summary of stock option activity:

 

  Shares   Weighted Average Exercise Price Intrinsic Value
Outstanding - May 31, 2012 163,750   $ 6.30 $ 336,604
     Options granted 44,500   $ 7.84  
     Less: options expired 1,500           -  
Outstanding - May 31, 2013 206,750   $ 6.63 $ 377,891
     Options granted 48,000   $ 8.80  
     Less: options exercised 30,000   $ 5.26  
     Less: options expired 5,250           -  
Outstanding - May 31, 2014 219,500   $ 7.31 $ 398,954

 

We calculated intrinsic value for those options that had an exercise price lower than the market price of our common shares as of the balance sheet dates. The aggregate intrinsic value of outstanding options as of the end of each fiscal year is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the underlying options and the market price of our common shares for the options that were in-the money at that date (164,500 at May 31, 2014 and 181,750 at May 31, 2013.) The Company's closing stock price was $8.83 and $8.07 as of May 31, 2014 and 2013. As of May 31, 2014, there are 95,250 options available for future grants under the 2012 stock option plan. $157,650 was received from the exercise of share options during the fiscal year ended May 31, 2014.

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at May 31, 2014:

 

Outstanding and Exercisable  
Range of Number Weighted Average Weighted
Exercise of Remaining Years Average
Prices Options of Contractual Life Exercise Price
$2.00-$3.00 15,000 3.6 $2.85
$5.01-$6.00 50,000 4.1 $5.60
$6.01-$7.00 37,750 4.8 $6.24
$7.01-$8.00 30,000 8.9 $7.74
$8.01-$9.00 61,750 8.8 $8.63
$11.01-$12.00 25,000 7.9 $11.29
$2.00-$12.00 219,500 6.6 $7.31
         

 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at May 31, 2013:

 

Outstanding and Exercisable  
Range of Number Weighted Average Weighted
Exercise of Remaining Years Average
Prices Options of Contractual Life Exercise Price
$2.00-$3.00 20,000 4.9 $2.84
$3.01-$4.00 750 6.2 $3.51
$5.01-$6.00 71,500 5.1 $5.59
$6.01-$7.00 45,000 5.8 $6.25
$7.01-$8.00 30,000 9.9 $7.74
$8.01-$9.00 14,500 8.9 $8.06
$11.01-$12.00 25,000 8.9 $11.29
$2.00-$12.00 206,750 6.6 $6.63
         

 

35
 

 

 

15. Preferred Stock:

 

The Company has 2,000,000 authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock which may be issued in series. The shares of each series shall have such rights, preferences, and limitations as shall be fixed by the Board of Directors.

 

16. Treasury Stock:

 

There was no change in the amount of treasury stock during the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

17. Retirement Plan:

 

The Company maintains a retirement plan for essentially all employees pursuant to Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code. The Company matches a percentage of employee voluntary salary deferrals subject to limitations. The Company may also make discretionary contributions as determined annually by the Company's Board of Directors. The amount expensed under the plan was $64,282 and $72,655 for the years ended May 31, 2014 and 2013.

 

18. Fair Value of Financial Instruments:

 

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and short-term borrowings approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.

 

19. Cash Flows Information:

 

  2014   2013  
         
  Interest paid $           831   $        45,885      
         
  Income taxes paid $      70,540   $   1,208,114