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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 SECTION 906 CERTIFICATIONS - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex32z1.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 SECTION 906 CERTIFICATIONS - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex32z2.htm
EX-3.1 - EXHIBIT 3.1 CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex3z1.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 SECTION 302 CERTIFICATIONS - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex31z1.htm
EX-10.13 - EXHIBIT 10.13 AGREEMENT - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex10z13.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 SECTION 302 CERTIFICATIONS - Wize Pharma, Inc.f10k123113_ex31z2.htm
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Wize Pharma, Inc.Financial_Report.xls

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-K


  X .ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2013


      .TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____________ to _____________


Commission File No. 000-52545


OphthaliX Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Delaware

88-0445167

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)


10 Bareket St, Petach Tikva, Israel, 4951778

(Address of principal executive offices)


Issuer’s telephone number: +(972) 3-9241114


Securities Registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None


Securities Registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: Common Stock, $.001 par Value


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes      . No  X .


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.

Yes      . No  X .


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  X . No      .


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  X . No      .


Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.      .


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.


Large accelerated filer

      .

Accelerated filer

      .

Non-accelerated filer

      . (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

  X .





Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

Yes      . No  X .


The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $11,982,985 computed by reference to the average bid and asked price of the Common Stock as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter.


At March 27, 2014, there were 10,441,251 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE


Document Description

 

10-K Part

Portions of the Registrant’s information statement related to its 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A or 14C within 120 days after Registrant’s fiscal year end of December 31, 2013, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

III



2



TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART I

 

 

Item 1

Business

6

Item 1a

Risk Factors

27

Item 1b

Unresolved Staff Comments

46

Item 2

Properties

46

Item 3

Legal Proceedings

46

Item 4

Mine Safety Disclosures

46

PART II

 

 

Item 5

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

46

Item 6

Selected Financial Data

47

Item 7

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

47

Item 7a

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

52

Item 8

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

52

Item 9

Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

52

Item 9a

Controls and Procedures

52

Item 9b

Other Information

53

PART III

 

 

Item 10

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

53

Item 11

Executive Compensation

53

Item 12

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

53

Item 13

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, Director Independence

54

Item 14

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

54

PART IV

 

 

Item 15

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

54

SIGNATURES

 

56


Throughout this report, unless otherwise designated, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “our company” refer to OphthaliX Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its Israeli subsidiary, Eyefite Ltd.  All amounts in this report are in U.S. Dollars, unless otherwise indicated. The information in the report was updated to reflect a reverse share split (1:4.5) of our shares which became effective as of the close of business on August 6, 2013.



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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS


This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements about our expectations, beliefs or intentions regarding, among other things, our product development efforts, business, financial condition, results of operations, strategies or prospects.  In addition, from time to time, we or our representatives have made or may make forward-looking statements, orally or in writing. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “may,” “should” or “anticipate” or their negatives or other variations of these words or other comparable words or by the fact that these statements do not relate strictly to historical or current matters. These forward-looking statements may be included in, but are not limited to, various filings made by us with the SEC, press releases or oral statements made by or with the approval of one of our authorized executive officers. Forward-looking statements relate to anticipated or expected events, activities, trends or results as of the date they are made. Because forward-looking statements relate to matters that have not yet occurred, these statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from any future results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Many factors could cause our actual activities or results to differ materially from the activities and results anticipated in forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, the factors summarized below.


This report identifies important factors which could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements, particularly those set forth under the heading “Risk Factors.” The factors that could affect our actual results include the following:


·

we have a limited operating history, are not currently profitable, do not expect to become profitable in the near future, and may never become profitable;

·

because of our historic losses from operations since the Transaction (as defined below), there are no assurances that we will be successful in obtaining an adequate level of financing needed for our research and development activities. If we will not have sufficient liquidity resources, we may not be able to continue the development of any of our products and may be required to delay part of the respective development programs or, without additional financing we may not be able to maintain our operations beyond 2015, as we currently plan, or at all;

·

because of our limited operating history, we cannot ensure the long-term successful operation of our business or the execution of our business plan;

·

we have not yet commercialized any products or technologies, and we may never become profitable;

·

our current pipeline is based on a single compound, the CF101 drug candidate. Failure to develop CF101 will have a material adverse effect on our Company; CF101 recently failed to reach the primary and secondary efficacy study end-points in a recent phase III dry eye syndrome study;

·

our product candidate is at various stages of preclinical and clinical development and may never be commercialized;

·

we might be unable to develop product candidates that will achieve commercial success in a timely and cost-effective manner, or ever;

·

our product candidate and future product candidates will remain subject to ongoing regulatory requirements even if they receive marketing approval, and if we fail to comply with these requirements, we may not obtain such approvals or could lose those approvals that have been obtained, and the sales of any approved commercial products could be suspended;

·

we expect that we will need to raise additional capital to meet our business requirements in the future, and such capital raising may be costly or difficult to obtain and may dilute current stockholders’ ownership interests. An inability to raise the necessary capital or to do so on acceptable terms would threaten the success of our business;

·

if we fail to obtain necessary funds for our operations, we will be unable to maintain and improve our patented or licensed technology, and we will be unable to develop and commercialize our products and technologies;

·

clinical trials are very expensive, time-consuming and difficult to design and implement, and, as a result, we may suffer delays or suspensions in future trials which would have a material adverse effect on our ability to generate revenues;

·

we may be forced to abandon development of certain products altogether, which will significantly impair our ability to generate product revenues;

·

we are currently completely dependent upon Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd. (“Can-Fite”) to service our operations and development activities. If, at the time we seek to establish our own operations, we are unable to attract and retain key personnel, it could adversely affect our ability to develop and market our products;

·

if third parties upon whom we rely to manufacture our products are unable to timely manufacture our products in compliance with Current Good Manufacturing Practices (“cGMP”), our business will be harmed;

·

our products are manufactured through a chemical synthesis process, and if one of our materials suppliers encounters problems manufacturing our products, our business could suffer;

·

if we acquire or license additional technology or product candidates, we could incur substantial costs, we may have integration difficulties and we may experience other risks that could harm our business and results of operations;

·

we do not currently have sales, marketing or distribution capabilities or experience, and we are unable to effectively sell, market or distribute our product candidates now and we do not expect to be able to do so in the future. The failure to enter into agreements with third parties that are capable of performing these functions would have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations;



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·

we depend on key members of our management and key consultants and will need to add and retain additional leading experts. Failure to retain our management and consulting team and add additional leading experts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations;

·

under current U.S. and Israeli law, we may not be able to enforce employees’ covenants not to compete and therefore may be unable to prevent our competitors from benefiting from the expertise of some of our former employees;

·

we face significant competition and continuous technological change, and developments by competitors may render our products or technologies obsolete or non-competitive. If we cannot successfully compete with new or existing products, our marketing and sales will suffer and we may not ever be profitable;

·

we may incur substantial liabilities and may be required to limit commercialization of our products in response to product liability lawsuits, which may result in substantial losses;

·

we may encounter difficulties in managing our growth. Failure to manage our growth effectively will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition;

·

if we are unable to obtain adequate insurance, our financial condition could be adversely affected in the event of uninsured or inadequately insured loss or damage. Our ability to effectively recruit and retain qualified officers and directors could also be adversely affected if we experience difficulty in obtaining adequate directors’ and officers’ liability insurance;

·

if we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or detect fraud. Consequently, investors could lose confidence in our financial reporting and this may decrease the trading price of our stock;

·

potential political, economic and military instability in the State of Israel, where key members of our senior management, our head office and the research and development facilities of Can-Fite are located, may adversely affect our results of operations;

·

recent disruptions in the financial markets and economic conditions could affect our ability to raise capital and could disrupt or delay the performance of our third-party contractors and suppliers;

·

our current management team has little or no experience in managing and operating a publicly traded U.S. company. Any failure to comply or adequately comply with federal securities laws, rules or regulations could subject us to fines or regulatory actions, which may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition;

·

with the exception of two of our directors, all of our current directors and officers serve as directors or officers of Can-Fite, and may have conflicts of interest in transactions or matters concerning us;

·

failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operation or financial condition. In addition, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of our common stock;

·

as an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements;

·

our ability to pursue the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101 depends upon the continuation of our license from Can-Fite and in turn, on Can-Fite’s license from the U.S. National Institutes of Health, or the NIH;

·

if we fail to adequately protect, enforce or secure rights to the patents which were licensed to us or any patents we may own in the future, the value of our intellectual property rights would diminish and our business and competitive position would suffer;

·

costly litigation may be necessary to protect our intellectual property rights and we may be subject to claims alleging the violation of the intellectual property rights of others;

·

we rely on confidentiality agreements that could be breached and may be difficult to enforce, which could result in third parties using our intellectual property to compete against us;

·

international patent protection is particularly uncertain, and if we are involved in opposition proceedings in foreign countries, we may have to expend substantial sums and management resources;

·

we are subject to government regulations and we may experience delays or may be unsuccessful in obtaining required regulatory approvals within or outside the United States to market our proposed product candidates, and even if we obtain approval, the approved indications may impair our ability to successfully market the product or make commercial distribution not feasible;

·

we expect the healthcare industry to face increased limitations on reimbursement as a result of healthcare reform, which could adversely affect third-party coverage of our products and how much or under what circumstances healthcare providers will prescribe or administer our products;

·

we are subject to federal anti-kickback laws and regulations. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations could have adverse consequences to us;

·

potential political, economic and military instability in the state of Israel, where our senior management, our head executive office, and Can-Fite’s research and development facilities are located, may adversely affect our results of operations;

·

our operations may be disrupted as a result of the obligation of Israeli citizens to perform military service;

·

investors may have difficulties enforcing a U.S. judgment, including judgments based upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws against us, Eyefite Ltd. (“Eyefite”), and both companies’ executive officers and directors or asserting U.S. securities laws claims in Israel;



5




·

because a certain portion of our expenses is incurred in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar, our results of operations may be harmed by currency fluctuations and inflation;

·

we have not paid, and do not intend to pay, dividends on our common stock and therefore, unless our common stock appreciates in value, our investors may not benefit from holding our common stock;

·

the public trading market for our common stock is volatile and may result in higher spreads in stock prices, which may limit the ability of our investors to sell their shares at a profit, if at all;

·

We do not know whether a market for our common stock will be sustained or what the market price of our common stock will be and as a result it may be difficult for an investor to sell their shares of our common stock.

·

our Board of Directors can, without stockholder approval, cause preferred stock to be issued on terms that adversely affect common stockholders or which could be used to resist a potential take-over of our Company;

·

the market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly, which could result in substantial losses by our investors;

·

raising additional capital by issuing securities may cause dilution to existing stockholders; and

·

because our common stock may be a “penny stock,” it may be more difficult for investors to sell shares of our common stock, and the market price of our common stock may be adversely affected.


The risk factors included in this report are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could also harm our future results. Given these uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.


All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf speak only as of the date of this report and are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements included in this report. We undertake no obligations to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that arise after the date made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.  In evaluating forward-looking statements, you should consider these risks and uncertainties.


PART I


ITEM 1.  BUSINESS.


Historical Background


The Company was originally incorporated in the State of Nevada on December 10, 1999, under the name Bridge Capital.com, Inc.  Bridge Capital.com, Inc. was a nominally capitalized corporation that did not commence its operations until it changed its name to Denali Concrete Management, Inc. (“Denali”) in March 2001.  Denali was a concrete placement company specializing in providing concrete improvements in the road construction industry and operated primarily in Anchorage, Alaska, placing curb and gutter, sidewalks and retaining walls for state, municipal and military projects.  In December 2005, the Company ceased its principal business operations and focused its efforts on seeking a business opportunity.


Reverse Merger


We consummated our reverse acquisition (the “Transaction”) of all the outstanding interests in Eyefite Ltd., a private company incorporated on June 27, 2011 under the laws of the State of Israel (“Eyefite”), pursuant to an acquisition agreement dated November 21, 2011 (the “Acquisition Agreement”) by and between the Company and Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd. (“Can-Fite”).  The Transaction was accounted for as a reverse acquisition wherein Can-Fite was treated as the acquirer for accounting purposes.  In connection with the completion of the Transaction on November 21, 2011, the following events occurred:


·

We entered into and completed a stock purchase agreement dated November 21, 2011 (the “Stock Purchase Agreement”) with Can-Fite, whereby Can-Fite purchased 8,000,000 shares of our common stock in exchange for all of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of Eyefite.  As a result of the consummation of the actions contemplated by the Stock Purchase Agreement, Eyefite became our wholly-owned subsidiary and Can-Fite became our majority stockholder and a parent.


·

Eyefite and Can-Fite entered into a License Agreement dated November 21, 2011 (the “License Agreement”), pursuant to which Can-Fite granted to Eyefite a sole and exclusive worldwide license for the use of CF101, Can-Fite’s therapeutic drug candidate (“CF101”), solely in the field of ophthalmic indications. See the “License Agreement” below.




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·

Eyefite and Can-Fite entered into a services agreement dated November 21, 2011 (the “Services Agreement”) pursuant to which Can-Fite manages, as an independent contractor, all activities relating to pre-clinical and clinical studies performed for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101.  The Services Agreement shall remain in force for an unlimited period of time unless earlier terminated as follows: (i) by either party upon six months’ prior written notice to the other party; or (ii) at any time for cause by either Eyefite (which includes a breach of trust by Can-Fite, Can-Fite’s material breach of the Services Agreement or customary bankruptcy and insolvency events on the part of Can-Fite) or Can-Fite (which includes Eyefite’s material breach of the Services Agreement or the License Agreement, or customary bankruptcy and insolvency events on the part of Eyefite).  As consideration for Can-Fite’s services pursuant to the Services Agreement, Eyefite shall pay to Can-Fite a services fee (consisting of all expenses and costs incurred by Can-Fite plus 15%, except for in relation to patent payments which shall be treated on a pass through basis) and an additional fee payment equal to 2.5% of any revenues received by the Company (or any affiliate of the Company including its wholly owned subsidiary, Eyefite) for rights to CF101 from third-party sublicenses including upfront payments, developmental or commercial milestones, royalties on net sales and any similar payments, but not including payments to support or reimburse the Company for research, development, manufacturing or commercial expenses or for equity (the “Additional Fee”).  The Company must make such Additional Fee payment to Can-Fite within 30 days of receipt by the Company. See the “Services Agreement” below.


·

We issued a warrant agreement (the “Warrant”) to Can-Fite by which Can-Fite has the right, until the earlier of (a) the November 21, 2016 and (b) the closing of the acquisition of our company by another entity, resulting in the exchange of our outstanding common shares such that the stockholders of our company prior to such transaction own, directly or indirectly, less than 50% of the voting power of the surviving entity, to convert its right to the Additional Fee into 480,022 shares of our common stock (subject to adjustment in certain circumstances).  The per share exercise price for the shares is $5.148.  This Warrant may be exercised on either a cash or a cashless basis, provided that if the Warrant is exercised on a cashless basis, the Warrant must be exercised in whole, not in part.


·

On November 21, 2011, we completed a private placement of shares of our common stock for gross proceeds of $3.3 million through the sale of 646,776 shares to third party investors and sold 466,139 shares of our common stock to Can-Fite in exchange for 714,922 ordinary shares of Can-Fite, valued at $2.4 million (as determined by reference to the previous trading day’s closing price for Can-Fite shares on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange), and 97,112 shares to Can-Fite for gross proceeds of $500,000 (collectively, together with the shares issued to the investors, the “Financing”).  In addition, we issued to Can-Fite and each of the other investors, for each four shares of the Company’s common stock purchased in the Financing, nine warrants valid for a period of five years from the closing of the Financing to acquire two share of the Company for an exercise price of $7.74.


·

On November 21, 2011, we repurchased 1,722,222 outstanding shares of our common stock from Mathew G. Rule, our sole officer and director at the time, for $7,750 (the “Recapitalization”).  In addition, we issued 426,666 shares of common stock to certain investors for an aggregate of $97,000, which funds were used solely to retire the outstanding shares in the Recapitalization and to pay outstanding payables of the Company as of closing.  These payments included satisfaction of a promissory note in the principal amount of $56,465 and payables to the transfer agent, accountants and Denali legal counsel at the time.


·

In connection with the Transaction, the board of directors of the Company (the “Board”) was expanded from one to three members, the sole prior director, Mathew G. Rule, resigned, and the following new directors were appointed: Dr. Pnina Fishman, Dr. Ilan Cohn and Guy Regev, each of whom was, and currently is, a director of Can-Fite. On February 2, 2012, the number of directors was increased to four persons and Dr. Roger Kornberg was appointed as the fourth director and on July 1, 2013, the number of directors was increased to five persons and Dr. Michael Belkin was appointed as the fifth director.


Upon completion of the Transaction and after giving effect to the Financing, the Recapitalization, and the shares issued to raise funds to satisfy outstanding financial obligations existing prior to the closing of the Transaction, we had an aggregate of 10,441,251 issued and outstanding shares of common stock.  Of these shares Can-Fite owned approximately 82% of our Company and assumed control of us.  The securities issued in the Transaction were not and will not be registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from registration requirements.


With the completion of the Transaction, we, through our wholly owned subsidiary, became a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing therapeutic products for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases.


On January 25, 2012, we changed our name and trading symbol on the OTCBB and OTCQB to OphthaliX Inc. and OPLI, respectively. On February 6, 2012, Can-Fite, our majority stockholder owning 8,563,251 shares or approximately 82.01% of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock and voting rights, by written consent approved a change of the state of incorporation of the Company from the State of Nevada to the State of Delaware by merging the Company into OphthaliX Inc., a newly formed Delaware company, and approved an amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation to change the capitalization of the Company by increasing the number of authorized shares of common stock, par value $.001 per share, from 50,000,000 to 100,000,000. The effective date for the approval of the change of domicile to the State of Delaware and the increase in the authorized shares of common stock was April 2, 2012.




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Recent Developments


On January 29, 2013, our Board of Directors conditionally approved the adoption of an annex (the “Annex”) to the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”).  Approval of the Annex by the Board of Directors was contingent upon the following: 1) 30 days elapsing since approval of the Annex by the Board of Directors, and 2) filing with Israeli income tax authorities (the “Tax Authorities”).  On February 7, 2013, the Annex was filed with the Tax Authorities and on March 8, 2013, the Annex became effective.


On February 28, 2013, our Board of Directors approved the termination of Dr. Gil Ben-Menachem as our Chief Executive Officer and appointed Barak Singer as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company.


On February 28, 2013, our Board approved Can-Fite’s offer to defer payments under the Service Agreement for the performance of clinical trials involving CF101 for ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by the Company and in no event in excess of the available cash of the Company after the fulfillment of our obligations to other creditors at such time. We will pay interest at the rate of 3% per annum from the date of each quarterly invoice issued by Can-Fite until the deferred payments are satisfied.


On March 15, 2013 we announced that patient enrollment for a Phase 3 clinical study of CF101 for the treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome (“DES”) has been completed.  The randomized, double-masked study was conducted in the United States, Europe and Israel.  The study included 237 patients with moderate-to-severe DES who were randomized to receive two oral doses of CF101 and a placebo for a period of 24 weeks.  


On April 22, 2013 our Board of Directors approved a grant to Mr. Barak Singer, our current Chief Executive Officer, of options to purchase 104,412 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $5.29 per share, which vest over a period of three years on a quarterly basis for 12 consecutive quarters (beginning as of Mr. Singer’s date of employment as the Chief Executive Officer, i.e., February 28, 2013) and which expire ten years from the grant date. Our Board also approved the grant of options to Mr. Singer to purchase an additional 104,412 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $5.29 per share, which vest in accordance with our 2012 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended (the “Plan”) and upon the achievement of certain business and financial milestones, and expire ten years from the grant date.


Also on April 22, 2013, pursuant to the employment agreement with our former Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Gil Ben-Menachem, we granted him options to purchase 104,412 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $5.29 per share, which vest over a period of three years on a quarterly basis for 12 consecutive quarters (beginning as of Dr. Ben-Menachem’s date of employment as the Chief Executive Officer, i.e., January 1, 2013) and which expire ten years from the grant date. Our Board also approved the grant of options to Dr. Ben-Menachem to purchase an additional 104,412 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $5.29 per share, which vest in accordance with our Plan and upon the achievement of certain business and financial milestones. Notwithstanding the foregoing, because Dr. Ben-Menachem’s employment with us terminated on May 24, 2013, 90 days after we provided him with a notice of termination pursuant to his employment agreement, of the aforementioned options, he was only entitled to receive options to purchase an aggregate of 8,701 shares of our common stock. All of such options expired on August 28, 2013.


On May 6, 2013, the Board adopted an Insider Trading Policy, a Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Policy, a Code of Ethics and a Code of Conduct. The Code of Ethics and the Code of Conduct are currently available on our website at www.ophthalix.com. The information on or accessible through our website does not constitute a part of, and is not incorporated into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.


On May 9, 2013, we granted options, which were modified on May 29, 2013 as to number and exercise price, to purchase 13,055 shares of our common stock to Itay Weinstein, our Chief Financial Officer. These options have an exercise price of $9.00 per share and expire on May 29, 2023. 50% of these options vested immediately and the remaining 50% will vest over a period of three years on a quarterly basis for 12 consecutive quarters from the date of the grant. Also, on May 9, 2013 (as modified on May 29, 2013), our Board approved the grant of options, with the same terms as the options granted to Mr. Weinstein, to certain members of our Board, our Secretary and a director of EyeFite. The option grants to our Secretary and the EyeFite director were made but later rescinded by our Board on June 13, 2013 and the respective grantees waived any rights in and to such options. The options to be granted to the members of our Board, which also required the approval of our stockholders, were never granted due to the failure to obtain such stockholder approval.


On May 10, 2013, we issued a press release in regard to a third party’s independently generated data that validates the utilization of A3AR agonists for lowering intraocular pressure, or IOP, and for the treatment of glaucoma, which it presented at the ARVO 2013 Annual Meeting in Seattle, Washington.


On June 17, 2013, we sold over the Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange, or the TASE, 268,095 ordinary shares of Can-Fite held by us for total consideration of $511,000.


On June 18, 2013, we confidentially filed a registration statement on Form S-1 which was publicly filed on July 2, 2013 and amended on Form S-1/A on September 3, 2013.



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On July 1, 2013, we increased the size of our Board to five members and appointed Dr. Michael Belkin to serve as a member of our Board. Also on July 1, 2013, we granted to Dr. Belkin 235,000 options to purchase 52,222 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $6.638 per share and which expire ten years from the grant date. The options vest as follows:  1/12th vest on September 30, 2013 and  1/12th of the total options vest on the last day of each 11 quarters thereafter so long as he remains a director, until fully vested.


On July 15, 2013, as authorized by our Board, we filed a definitive proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) to solicit consents from our stockholders, in lieu of a special meeting of stockholders, to effect a reverse stock split with respect to our common stock at a ratio of one-for-four and one-half, or 1:4.5 (the “Reverse Split”). On July 18, 2013, Can-Fite, our majority stockholder, provided its written consent approving the Reverse Split. The Reverse Split became effective as of the close of business on August 6, 2013, following the filing of a Certificate of Amendment with the Delaware Secretary of State.


On July 16, 2013, we issued a press release with respect to the submission of a Phase II study protocol for the treatment of uveitis with our CF101 drug candidate.


On September 3, 2013, we issued a press release in regard to the issuance of a patent by the European Patent Office entitled “Adenosine A3 receptor agonists for the treatment of dry eye disorders including Sjogren's syndrome”. The patent was granted to Can-Fite and relates to the Company’s drug candidate CF101.  Pursuant to the license agreement between Can-Fite and the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, EyeFite, this patent grants OphthaliX exclusive rights for the use of CF101 for the treatment of Sjogren's syndrome in Europe until 2025.  


On October 2, 2013, we issued a press release announcing that Dr. Sari Fishman, Director of Clinical Affairs, will deliver a presentation at the Ophthalmology Futures European Forum in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, with respect to OphthaliX’s glaucoma development program.  


On October 22, 2013, we provided an update that we anticipates that during the last two weeks of December 2013, the Company will conclude and announce the results of its Phase III trial of CF101 for the treatment of dry eye syndrome.


On November 4, 2013, we provided an update that we anticipates that during the first quarter of 2014 the Company will initiate enrolment for its Phase II trial of CF101 for the treatment of uveitis. However, the Company is currently reviewing its clinical development plans and will provide an update on the development for this indication on a later stage.


On November 5, 2013, we and our parent company Can-Fite BioPharma Ltd. issued a joint press release announcing that the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office granted a U.S. patent which bears the Patent No. 8,557,790 and is titled “A3 Adenosine receptor agonists for the reduction of intraocular pressure” to Can-Fite BioPharma Ltd and relates to the Company’s drug candidate CF101. Pursuant to a license agreement between Can-Fite and our wholly owned subsidiary, EyeFite Ltd., we have the exclusive rights for the use and development of CF101 for the reduction of IOP in the United States until 2030.


On December 30, 2013, we issued a press release announcing the results of its Phase III trial of CF101 for the treatment of dry eye syndrome. In the study, CF101 did not meet the primary efficacy endpoint of complete clearing of corneal staining, nor the secondary efficacy endpoints. Nonetheless, CF101 was found to be well tolerated. The Company is evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on its plans for the Dry Eye Syndrome indication at a later date.


On December 31, 2013, we issued a press release announcing we will conduct a retrospective analysis of the Dry Eye Syndrome Phase III Study data based on the A3 Adenosine Receptor Biomarker.


On February 18, 2014, we provided an update that we anticipates that during the third quarter of 2014 we will announce the interim analysis results of the Phase II trial of CF101 for the treatment of Glaucoma.


The Company’s principal executive offices are located at 10 Bareket St, Petach Tikva, Israel, 4951778.  


Business Overview


We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on developing therapeutic products for the treatment of ophthalmic disorders. We have in-licensed certain patents and patent applications protecting the use in the ophthalmic field of our current pipeline drug under development, a synthetic A3 adenosine receptor (“A3AR”) agonist, CF101 (known generically as IB-MECA). CF101 is being developed by the Company to treat three ophthalmic indications: keratoconjunctivitis sicca, also known as dry eye syndrome, or DES; glaucoma, and uveitis. In December 2013, we announced the results of a Phase III study of CF101 for the treatment of DES. In the study, CF101 did not meet the primary efficacy endpoint of complete clearing of corneal staining, nor the secondary efficacy endpoints. Nonetheless, CF101 was found to be well tolerated. The Company is evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on its plans for the DES indication at a later date. We are also planning to conduct a retrospective analysis of the DES Phase III Study data to determine if there is a correlation between the CF101 target, the A3AR, expression and patients’ response to the drug. This analysis is based on recent positive data from a Phase IIb Rheumatoid Arthritis (“RA”) study of CF101 conducted by our parent company Can-Fite, where patients were enrolled based on the expression level of the A3 adenosine receptor biomarker. In order to perform the retrospective analysis, blood samples will be collected from patients who participated in the Phase III DES study and analyzed for the expression of this biomarker. We are currently conducting a Phase II trial with respect to the development of CF101 for the treatment of glaucoma or related syndromes of ocular hypertension.




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CF101 is a highly-selective, orally bioavailable small molecule synthetic drug, which targets the A3AR. We believe that CF101 has a favorable safety profile and a potent anti-inflammatory activity, mediated via its capability to inhibit the production of inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, MMPs, IL-1, and IL-6. This is mediated by activation of the A3AR, which is highly expressed in inflammatory tissues in contrast to normal tissues where expression levels of the receptor are very low. We believe that the anti-inflammatory and neuro-protective effects of CF101 make it a candidate for use in the treatment of ophthalmic indications. While Can-Fite is continuing to develop CF101 for autoimmune inflammatory indications, including RA and psoriasis, we are focusing, under the License Agreement, on the development of CF101 for ophthalmic indications.  


According to GlobalData, the global DES market size was approximately $1.6 billion in 2012, and was expected to grow to approximately $5.5 billion by 2022, the global market for glaucoma drugs was estimated at approximately $3.0 billion in 2010 and the global uveitis therapeutics market is expected to grow from $0.32 billion in 2010 to $1.6 billion by 2017.  None of our product candidates have been approved for sale or marketing and, to date, there have been no commercial sales of any of our product candidates and a recent phase III study of CF101 for the treatment of DES failed to reach its end-points.


Our corporate strategy is to build a specialized ophthalmic company that develops and in-licenses drugs for the treatment of ophthalmic diseases. We will seek to obtain technologies that complement and expand our existing pipeline by entering into in-license or co-development agreements with academic institutions and biotechnology or pharmaceutical companies. We intend to commercialize our products through out-licensing arrangements with third parties who may perform any or all of the following tasks:  completing development, securing regulatory approvals, manufacturing, marketing and sales.  We do not intend to develop our own manufacturing facilities or sales forces.  


CF101 – PRE-CLINICAL AND CLINICAL PROFILE


Pre-Clinical Studies of CF101


The information below is based on the various studies conducted with CF101, including preclinical studies.  All of the studies were conducted by Can-Fite and/or by Can-Fite’s partners or affiliates.


Pre-clinical studies are a set of experiments carried out in animals to show that a certain drug does not evoke toxicity. Based on the animal studies and safety data, one can approach the FDA and request permission to conduct a Phase I study in human beings.


The toxicity of CF101 has been evaluated following 28-day, 90-day, six-month and nine-month good laboratory practice repeated-dose toxicity studies in male and female mice (28-day, 90-day and six-month), dogs (single-dose only), and monkeys (28-day, 90-day and nine-month).  Even though the dose of CF101 in these studies was escalated to an exposure that is many folds higher than the dose used in human clinical studies, no toxic side effects were identified.


Effects on cardiovascular parameters were evaluated in conscious instrumented monkeys and anesthetized dogs.  These studies demonstrated no significant cardiovascular risk.


Genotoxicity studies were conducted in bacterial and mammalian mutation assays in vitro (i.e., laboratory) and in an in vivo (i.e., animal) mouse micronucleus assay. These studies were all negative, indicating no deleterious action on cellular genetic material.

Reproductive toxicology studies that we completed in mice and rabbits did not reveal evidence of negative effects on male or female fertility.  In mouse teratology studies, or studies for abnormalities of physiological developments, craniofacial and skeletal abnormalities were observed at doses greater than 10 mg/kg; however, no such effects were observed at 3 mg/kg demonstrating the safety of the drug in this concentration range. Teratogenicity, or any developmental anomaly in a fetus, was not observed in rabbits given doses (greater than 13 mg/kg) that induced severe maternal toxicity in such rabbits.


Studies of P450 enzymes, or enzymes that participate in the metabolism of drugs, showed that CF101 caused no P450 enzyme inhibition, or increased drug activity, or induction, or reduced drug activity.  Studies carried out with radiolabeled (C14) CF101 in rats showed that the drug is excreted essentially unchanged.  These studies also showed that the drug is widely distributed in all body parts, except the central nervous system.


Clinical Studies of CF101


The information below is based on the various studies conducted with CF101, including clinical studies in patients with non-ophthalmic related diseases.  All of the studies were conducted by Can-Fite and/or by Can-Fite’s partners or affiliates.




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Phase I Clinical Studies of CF101


CF101 has been studied comprehensively in normal volunteer trials to assess safety, pharmacokinetic metabolism and food interaction.  Two Phase I studies in 40 healthy volunteers, single dose and repeated dose, indicated that CF101 is rapidly absorbed (reaching a maximal concentration within one to two hours) with a half-life of eight to nine hours.  Some mild adverse events (principally, increased heart rate) were observed at doses higher than single doses of 10.0 mg and twice-daily doses of 5.0 mg.  Such increase in heart rate was not accompanied by any change in QT intervals.  The drug showed linear kinetics, in that the concentration that results from the dose is proportional to the dose and the rate of elimination of the drug is proportional to the concentration, and low inter-subject variability, meaning that the same dose of the drug does not produce large differences in pharmacological responses in different individuals.  A fed-fast Phase I study (with and without food) demonstrated that food causes some attenuation in CF101 absorption; accordingly CF101 is administered to patients on an empty stomach.  An additional Phase I study of the absorption, metabolism, excretion and mass balance of 4.0 mg (C14) CF101 was conducted in six healthy male subjects and demonstrated that CF101 was generally well-tolerated in this group.


Based on the findings from Phase I clinical studies, 4.0 mg BID, or twice daily, was selected as the upper limit for initial Phase II clinical trials.


Phase II Clinical Studies of CF101


CF101 has completed six Phase II studies in DES, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis in 809 patients (569 patients treated with CF101 and 240 patients treated with a placebo) and has demonstrated a favorable safety profile at doses up to 4 mg BID for up to 12 weeks.  In these Phase II studies, no dose-response relationship was evident between CF101 and adverse events.  Moreover, no clinically significant changes in vital signs, electrocardiograms, blood chemistry or hematology were observed.  CF101, given as a standalone therapy, reached the primary endpoint in a Phase II clinical study in DES, as further detailed below.  In addition to the ophthalmic indications, positive data were observed utilizing CF101 as a standalone drug in three Phase II clinical studies in psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. However, two Phase IIb studies in rheumatoid arthritis utilizing CF101 in combination with methotrexate failed to reach the primary endpoints. Can-Fite continues to develop CF101 as a standalone therapy for auto-immune inflammatory indications including rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, in parallel to our development of CF101 for ophthalmic indications. Safety data from these studies will be shared between Can-Fite and the Company.


CF101 for the Treatment of Ophthalmic Indications


We are developing CF101 for the treatment of DES, glaucoma and uveitis.  Following the recent announcement that CF101 hasn’t met the DES phase III primary and secondary efficacy end-points, we are currently evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on our plans for the DES indication at a later date. Set forth below are general descriptions of the ophthalmic diseases with respect to which CF101 has underwent, is currently undergoing, or is in preparation for clinical trials.


Dry Eye Syndrome: DES is an eye disease caused by eye dryness, which, in turn, is caused by either decreased tear production or increased tear film evaporation.  The tear film is comprised of the lower mucous layer which helps the tear film adhere to the eyes, a middle layer of water and an upper oil layer that seals the tear film and prevents evaporation.  The tear film keeps the eye moist, creates a smooth surface for light to pass through the eye, nourishes the front of the eye and provides protection from injury and infection. DES is usually caused by aqueous tear deficiency, or inadequate tear production, whereby the lachrymal gland, the gland that secretes the aqueous layer of the tear film, does not produce sufficient tears to keep the entire conjunctiva, or the tissue inside the eyelids that covers the sclera, and cornea covered by a complete layer of tear film. In rare cases, aqueous tear deficiency may be a symptom of collagen vascular diseases, including RA, Wegener’s granulomatosis, an incurable form of vasculitis (the inflammatory destruction of blood vessels), systemic lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune connective tissue disease, Sjögren’s syndrome, an autoimmune process in which patients suffer from mouth and eye dryness, and autoimmune diseases associated with Sjögren’s syndrome. DES can also be caused by abnormal tear composition resulting in rapid evaporation or premature destruction of tears. Additional causes include, but are not limited to, age, use of certain drugs and the use of contact lenses.


DES is characterized by eye irritation symptoms, blurred and fluctuating vision, tear film instability, increased tear osmolarity and ocular surface epithelial disease.  DES causes constant ocular discomfort, typically dryness, burning, a sandy-gritty eye irritation and a decrease in visual function.  Over an extended period of time, DES can lead to tiny abrasions on the surface of the eyes. In advanced cases, the epithelium undergoes pathologic changes, namely squamous metaplasia, a non-cancerous change of surface-lining cells, and loss of goblet cells, which secrete mucin, which in turn dissolves in water to form mucous. Some severe cases result in thickening of the corneal surface, corneal erosion, epithelial defects, corneal ulceration (sterile and infected), corneal neovascularization, or excessive ingrowth of blood vessels, corneal scarring, corneal thinning, and even corneal perforation.  In the most severe cases, DES may result in deterioration of vision.




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Glaucoma: Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged.  This optic nerve damage involves loss of retinal ganglion cells, or neurons located near the inner surface of the retina, in a characteristic pattern. There are many different subtypes of glaucoma, but they can all be considered to be a type of optic neuropathy. Raised intraocular pressure, or IOP, is the most important and only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. However, some individuals may have high IOP for years and never develop optic nerve damage. This is known as ocular hypertension. Others may develop optic nerve damage at a relatively low IOP, and, thus, glaucoma. Untreated glaucoma can lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve and resultant visual field loss, which over time can progress to blindness.


Glaucoma can be roughly divided into two main categories, “open angle” and “closed angle” glaucoma. The angle refers to the area between the iris and cornea through which fluid must flow to exit the eye.  The difficulty or inability of such fluid to exit the eye causes an acute increase of pressure and pain.  Closed angle glaucoma can appear suddenly, is often painful and visual loss can progress quickly.  However, the discomfort often leads patients to seek medical attention before permanent damage occurs. Open angle, chronic glaucoma tends to progress at a slower rate and patients may not notice they have lost vision until the disease has progressed significantly.


Uveitis: Uveitis is inflammation of the middle layer of the eye, or the uvea, caused by an immune reaction.  Uveitis can be associated with auto-immune inflammatory diseases and various eye infections. Uveitis is a common cause of blindness. The most common form of uveitis is anterior uveitis, which involves inflammation in the front part of the eye. It is often called iritis because it usually only affects the iris, the colored part of the eye. The inflammation may be associated with autoimmune diseases, but most cases occur in healthy people. The disorder may affect only one eye and is most common in young and middle-aged people.


Posterior uveitis affects the back part of the uvea, and involves primarily the choroid, a layer of blood vessels and connective tissue in the middle part of the eye. This type of uveitis is called choroiditis. If the retina is also involved, it is called chorioretinitis.  Anterior uveitis affects the front part of the uvea, and involves primarily the iris and the cilliary body.  This type of uveitis is called iridocyclitis.  These conditions may develop as a result of a body-wide, or systemic, infection or an autoimmune disease. Another form of uveitis is pars planitis. This inflammation affects the narrowed area, or the pars plana, between the iris, or colored part of the eye, and the choroid. Pars planitis usually occurs in young men and is generally not associated with any other disease. However, some evidence suggests it may be linked to Crohn’s disease and, possibly, multiple sclerosis.


CF101 for the Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome


A Phase II study in DES was conducted by Can-Fite after discovering that patients in the Phase IIa study for another condition also experienced improvement in DES symptoms.  The study prompted an application for two patents relating to DES and Sjörgen’s Syndrome. Since then a Phase II study of CF101 in patients with moderate to severe DES was successfully completed, meeting its primary endpoint and demonstrating the drug’s ability to improve signs of ocular surface inflammation in these patients.  The trial was a multicenter, randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study with 76 patients (39 CF101 and 37 placebo). Patients were treated orally with either 1.0 mg CF101 pills or matching vehicle-filled placebo pills, BID for 12 weeks, followed by a two-week post-treatment observation. The primary endpoint of the Phase II trial was based on an improvement of more than 25% over baseline at week 12 in one of the following parameters: (i) tear break-up time, or BUT; (ii) superficial punctate keratitis (epithelial staining of the cornea) assessed by fluorescein staining, or FS, results; and (iii) Schirmer tear test 1 results, which are assessed by using paper strips inserted into the eye for several minutes to measure the production of tears. The results of the Phase II trial demonstrated the ability of CF101 to improve signs of ocular surface inflammation of the patients studied.  The CF101-treated group experienced a statistically significant increase in the proportion of patients who achieved more than 25% improvement in FS and in the clearance of FS, as compared to the placebo group. See Figure 1.  



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[f10k123113_10k001.jpg]

CF101-treated group (blue line) as compared to the placebo group (pink line) over a 12-week dosing period. The difference between the groups is apparent and significant (p=0.006). The measurement made at week 14, which is two weeks post-dosing, shows a clear reduction in effect. This deterioration of the effect post-dosing is a sign of the anti-inflammatory effect of CF101, which was reduced in correlation with the cessation of dosing.


Figure 1: DES efficacy as determined utilizing FS


Clinical laboratory safety tests included ophthalmic examinations, IOP measurements, electrocardiographic evaluations, vital sign measurements, and monitoring of adverse events.  CF101 was well-tolerated and exhibited an excellent safety profile with no serious adverse events. No clinically significant changes in vital signs, electrocardiograms, blood chemistry or hematology values were observed.  However, adverse events resulting in discontinuation of the study were observed in two patients: myalgia and recurrent corneal erosion.  The frequency of adverse events was comparable in both treated groups.  The most commonly reported adverse events included constipation, headache, palpitations, itching, abdominal pain, arthralgia, myalgia, fatigue and dry mouth.


The study results of the completed Phase II clinical trial for CF101 for the treatment of DES were published in “Ophthalmology,” which is one of the leading journals in the field.  Following the Phase II study positive results we initiated a Phase III DES trial, under an IND with the FDA which was conducted by the Company in the United States, Europe and Israel. The randomized, double-masked phase III clinical trial enrolled 237 patients with moderate-to-severe DES who were randomized to receive two oral doses of CF101 (0.1 and 1.0 mg) and a placebo, for a period of 24 weeks.  The primary efficacy endpoint was complete clearing of corneal staining. In December 2013, we announced the results of this Phase III study of CF101 for the treatment of DES. In the study, CF101 did not meet the primary efficacy endpoint of complete clearing of corneal staining, nor the secondary efficacy endpoints. Nonetheless, CF101 was found to be well tolerated. The Company is evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on its plans for the DES indication at a later date. We are also planning to conduct a retrospective analysis of the DES Phase III Study data to determine if there is a correlation between the CF101 target, the A3AR, expression and patients’ response to the drug. This analysis is based on recent positive data from a Phase IIb Rheumatoid Arthritis (“RA”) study of CF101 conducted by our parent company Can-Fite, where patients were enrolled based on the expression level of the A3 adenosine receptor biomarker. In order to perform the retrospective analysis, blood samples will be collected from patients who participated in the Phase III DES study and analyzed for the expression of this biomarker.


Although the Phase II DES trial was not designed to assess the drug effect on IOP, the latter was tested as a safety parameter and at week 12, the CF101-treated group had a 1.1-mmHg, or 6%, decrease from baseline, which was statistically significant (p=0.048) when compared with the placebo. See Figure 2.




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[f10k123113_10k002.jpg]

Figure 2: IOP decrease observed in the DES Phase II study


CF101 for the Treatment of Glaucoma


The Company believes that the statistically significant decrease in IOP in the Phase II trial for DES, although observed in subjects without ocular hypertension, is clinically significant and indicates that CF101 may also have potential as a glaucoma therapy, as the main goal of glaucoma therapy is to reduce IOP. This finding led to a patent application for the use of CF101 for lowering IOP.  This result, together with the neuro-protective and anti-inflammatory effects that have been demonstrated in our studies and the studies of others, warrant rapid progression into clinical study in this indication and a Phase II study in patients with glaucoma or related syndromes of ocular hypertension is currently ongoing in Israel and Europe. This trial is a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of the safety and efficacy of daily CF101 administered orally in subjects with elevated IOP.  The objectives of this study are to determine the safety and efficacy of oral CF101 in lowering IOP when administered BID for 16 weeks in subjects with elevated IOP.  This trial is being performed in two segments.  In the first segment, subjects are being randomized to receive either CF101 1.0 mg or a matching placebo, given orally every 12 hours for 16 weeks.  The Company is enrolling 44 subjects in the first segment, randomized in a 3:1 ratio to CF101 1.0 mg treatment or to the placebo.  At the conclusion of the first segment, a Data Review Committee, or DRC, is to review safety and efficacy data and advise on progression of the trial to the second segment.  The second segment, if conducted, will enroll up to approximately 88 subjects in up to three dose groups,CF101 1.0 mg, CF101 2.0 mg or the placebo every 12 hours randomized in a 3:3:2 ratio, respectively.  At its discretion, the DRC may also recommend increasing enrollment in the CF101 1.0 mg group or other changes to the protocol design. In May 2010, the Israeli Ministry of Health approved the study protocol and patient enrollment was initiated subsequently.  The conclusion of the first segment of the study is expected in the third quarter of 2014. Neither the Company nor Can-Fite has filed an IND for this indication as CF101 for the treatment of glaucoma is not currently being clinically tested in the United States and there are no near-term plans to do so.


CF101 for the Treatment of Uveitis


Former pre-clinical pharmacology studies conducted by Can-Fite in collaboration with a worldwide leading laboratory in uveitis research at the National Eye Institute at the U.S National Institute of Health, or the NIH, under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement, demonstrated that CF101 was effective in inhibiting the development of posterior uveitis in an experimental animal model.  Additional preclinical studies conducted by the Company, showed that CF101 was effective in treating anterior uveitis in experimental animal models.  




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[f10k123113_10k003.jpg]


Figure 2: Inhibition of the development of posterior and anterior uveitis in experimental animal models


The efficacy of CF101 in treating both anterior and posterior uveitis in experimental animal models supports further testing of CF101 for the treatment of patients with either anterior or posterior uveitis. Can-Fite, together with the NIH, has applied for a patent for the use of CF101 for the treatment of uveitis. Can-Fite has licensed its share of this intellectual property to us and together we are in discussions with the NIH to obtain an exclusive license on the NIH’s share of this intellectual property. The Company submitted a protocol for a Phase II uveitis study in Europe and Israel to investigate the efficacy and safety of CF101 in 45 patients with active, sight-threatening, noninfectious intermediate or posterior uveitis, who will be treated with either CF101 or a placebo for a period of six months. The primary endpoint of this study is the proportion of subjects whose vitreous haze score improves by two or more grades on the “Miami Scale” (Vitreous Haze: Miami Scale 2). The Company is currently reviewing its clinical development plans and will provide an update on the development for this indication on a later stage. Neither the Company nor Can-Fite has filed an IND for this indication as CF101 for the treatment of uveitis is not currently being clinically tested in the United States and there are no near-term plans to do so.


The License Agreement


On November 21, 2011, we entered into the License Agreement with Eyefite, our wholly-owned subsidiary, and Can-Fite according to which Can-Fite (i) granted to Eyefite a sole and exclusive worldwide license for the use of CF101, Can-Fite’s therapeutic drug candidate, solely in the field of ophthalmic diseases and (ii) assigned to Eyefite its rights, title and interest in and to any and all INDs, to CF101 in the ophthalmic field. The license granted to Eyefite allows Eyefite to sublicense its rights to CF101 to third parties, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. Pursuant to the License Agreement, Eyefite has sole responsibility for preparing and maintaining all regulatory documentation with respect to approvals of CF101 in the field of ophthalmic diseases and all approvals and related regulatory documentation shall be Eyefite’s sole and exclusive property. Eyefite is also required to assume responsibility for making payments to Can-Fite’s licensor, the NIH, pursuant to, and for the term of, a license agreement between Can-Fite and NIH for certain patent rights relating to CF101, including (i) a nonrefundable minimum annual royalty of $25,000, (ii) earned royalties of 4.0% to 5.5% on net sales in territories in where such patents exist and (iii) additional payments ranging from $25,000 to $500,000 upon the achievement of various development milestones for each indication (including the initiation of Phase I, II and III clinical trials and regulatory approval in the United States, Europe or Japan). We estimate that a total of approximately $175,000 in such milestone payments will be payable by EyeFite to the NIH. Eyefite will also be required to make payments to the NIH of 20% of sublicensing revenues, excluding royalties and net of the required milestone payments, for the term of the ;icence agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH. If Eyefite fails to make a required payment to the NIH, Can-Fite will be entitled to terminate the license granted to Eyefite under the License Agreement upon 30 days’ prior written notice. The License Agreement will remain in effect until the expiration of the last of the patents licensed thereunder, which as of the date hereof is 2031, unless earlier terminated by one or both of the parties in accordance with the License Agreement. Can-Fite may terminate the License Agreement upon customary bankruptcy and insolvency events of Eyefite and upon Eyefite’s material breach of the License Agreement, upon 30 days’ prior written notice. Eyefite may terminate the License Agreement upon three months’ prior written notice for any reason and upon 30 days’ prior written notice for Can-Fite’s material breach of the License Agreement. All inventions resulting from the development and commercialization of CF101 under the License Agreement belong to Can-Fite, whether such were invented solely by Can-Fite, solely by Eyefite or by both of entities. However, the License Agreement also grants Eyefite an exclusive license to use any such inventions in the field of ophthalmic diseases around the world for no additional consideration.



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Pursuant to the License Agreement, Can-Fite has the sole right to make elections with respect to patent term extension of or supplemental protection certificates with respect to the licensed Can-Fite patents and the sole right to seek and maintain any data exclusivity periods available for CF101. The NIH retains responsibility for maintenance of the NIH licensed patents pursuant to the license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH. Also pursuant to the License Agreement, Can-Fite has retained the right to prosecute and maintain the patents licensed to us.


The license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH imposes certain payment, reporting, confidentiality and other obligations on Can-Fite. In the event that Can-Fite was to breach any of its obligations and fail to cure, the NIH would have the right to terminate the agreement. In addition, the NIH has the right to terminate the agreement upon Can-Fite’s bankruptcy, insolvency, or receivership. Otherwise, the agreement will terminate on June 30, 2015, the date on which the last patent licensed by Can-Fite under such agreement expires. Further, the NIH retains a paid-up, worldwide license to practice the licensed inventions under the agreement with Can-Fite for government purposes and may require Can-Fite to grant sublicenses when necessary to fulfill health or safety needs and retains “march-in” rights, i.e. , the right to terminate the license, if, among other things, the invention is needed for a public use such as addressing a public health crisis or the licensee or sublicensee fails to take within a reasonable time to take effective steps to achieve practical application of the licensed invention. If any dispute arises with respect to Can-Fite’s arrangements with the NIH, such dispute may disrupt our operations and would likely have a material adverse impact on us if resolved in a manner that is unfavorable to Can-Fite.


The Services Agreement


On November 21, 2011, EyeFite and Can-Fite entered into a Services Agreement pursuant to which Can-Fite manages, as an independent contractor, all activities relating to pre-clinical and clinical studies performed for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101. The Services Agreement will remain in force for an unlimited period of time unless earlier terminated as follows: (i) by either party upon six-months’ prior written notice to the other party; or (ii) at any time for cause by either EyeFite (which includes a breach of trust by Can-Fite, Can-Fite’s material breach of the Services Agreement or customary bankruptcy and insolvency events on the part of Can-Fite) or Can-Fite (which includes EyeFite’s material breach of the Services Agreement or the License Agreement, or customary bankruptcy and insolvency events on the part of EyeFite). As consideration for Can-Fite’s services pursuant to the Services Agreement, EyeFite must pay to Can-Fite a services fee (consisting of all expenses and costs incurred by Can-Fite plus 15%, except in relation to patent payments which shall be treated on a pass through basis) and the Additional Fees. The Company must pay the Additional Fees to Can-Fite within 30 days of receipt by the Company.


In February 2013, we obtained a formal letter from Can-Fite stating that Can-Fite would defer receiving payments owed to it under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by us. Any such deferred payments will bear interest at a rate of 3% per annum from the due date of each invoice issued by Can-Fite to us until the time we make such deferred payments.


Seasonality


Our business and operations are generally not affected by seasonal fluctuations or factors.


Raw Materials and Suppliers


We believe that the raw materials that we require to manufacture CF101 are widely available from numerous suppliers and are generally considered to be generic industrial chemical supplies.  We do not rely on a single or unique supplier for the current production of CF101.


Manufacturing


The relevant manufacturers of our drug products for our current clinical trials are compliant with both current Good Manufacturing Practices, or cGMP, and current Good Laboratory Practices, or cGLP. We anticipate that we will continue to rely on third parties to produce our drug products for clinical trials and commercialization. Can-Fite used the Chinese chemical manufacturer Chemspec International Limited, which produces APIs as well as other specialty chemicals, as the manufacturer of CF101.


There can be no assurance that our drug candidates, if approved, can be manufactured in sufficient commercial quantities, in compliance with regulatory requirements and at an acceptable cost. We and our contract manufacturers are, and will be, subject to extensive governmental regulation in connection with the manufacture of any pharmaceutical products or medical devices. We and our contract manufacturers must ensure that all of the processes, methods and equipment are compliant with cGMP and cGLP for drugs on an ongoing basis, as mandated by the FDA and other regulatory authorities, and conduct extensive audits of vendors, contract laboratories and suppliers.




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Contract Research Organizations


Currently through Can-Fite under the Services Agreement, we outsource certain clinical development activities to contract research organizations, or CROs. Our clinical CROs comply with guidelines from the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, which attempt to harmonize the FDA and the European Medicines Agency, or the EMA, regulations and guidelines. Also through Can-Fite under the Services Agreement, we create and implement the drug development plans and manage the CROs according to the specific requirements of the drug candidate under development. To the extent clinical research is conducted by Can-Fite or the CROs (or us in the future), compliance with certain federal regulations, including but not limited to 21 C.F.R. parts 50, 54, 56, 58 and 318, which pertain to, among other things, institutional review boards, informed consent, financial conflicts of interest by investigators, good laboratory practices and submitting IND applications, may be required.


Marketing and Sales


We do not currently have any marketing or sales capabilities.  We intend to license to, or enter into strategic alliances with, larger companies in the pharmaceutical business, which are equipped to market and/or sell our products, if any, through their well-developed marketing capabilities and distribution networks throughout the world.  


Intellectual Property


Our success depends in part on our ability to obtain and maintain proprietary protection for our therapeutic candidates, technology and know-how, to operate without infringing the proprietary rights of others and to prevent others from infringing our proprietary rights. Our policy is to seek to protect our proprietary position by, among other methods, filing U.S. and foreign patent applications related to our proprietary technology, inventions and improvements that we believe are important to the development of our business. We also rely on trade secrets, know-how and continuing technological innovation to develop and maintain our proprietary position.


Patents


Pursuant to the License Agreement, Eyefite has a field-of-use exclusive license under a patent portfolio owned or in-licensed by Can-Fite (the “Licensed IP”). The Licensed IP includes patent and patent applications owned by Can-Fite or in-licensed by Can-Fite from others covering the composition-of-matter and manufacture of CF101 and certain other A3AR agonists and the use of CF101 and such other A3AR agonists for the treatment of a variety of ophthalmic diseases, including DES, glaucoma and uveitis. The field of use of the exclusive license to Eyefite includes the use of CF101 in the field of ophthalmology (the “Field”). Eyefite is not aware of any issued or pending patent applications that could or would restrict or inhibit its ability to operate.


The patent portfolio for CF101 owned or in-licensed by Can-Fite and relating to the Field is described below and includes both issued patents and pending patent applications that were licensed by Can-Fite to Eyefite for the use within the Field:


·

a family of composition of matter patents that protects certain small molecules that are A3AR agonists, such as CF101, including a United States patent and a European patent that was validated in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium and Luxembourg; the former of which will expire in 2015 and the latter in 2014.  Neither we nor Can-Fite will be able to extend the foregoing expiration dates, and as such, as of June 30, 2015, the license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH will expire. We do not expect that we will be able to submit an NDA seeking approval of CF101 prior to the composition of matter patents’ respective expiration date. However, because CF101 may be a new chemical entity (“NCE”), following approval of an NDA, we, if we are the first applicant to obtain NDA approval, may be entitled to five years of data exclusivity in the United States with respect to such NCEs. Analogous data and market exclusivity provisions, of varying duration, may be available in Europe and other foreign jurisdictions. We may also be entitled to the rights under Can-Fite’s pharmaceutical use issued patents with respect to CF101, which provide patent exclusivity within the Field until the mid-2020s. While the Company believes that it may be able to protect its exclusivity in the Field through such use patent portfolio and such period of exclusivity, the lack of composition of matter patent protection may diminish our ability to maintain a proprietary position for its intended uses of CF101. Moreover, we cannot be certain that we will be the first applicant to obtain an FDA approval for any indication of CF101 and we cannot be certain that we will be entitled to NCE exclusivity. Such diminution of our proprietary position could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operation and financial condition.


·

two families of patents and pending patent applications which pertain to the use of A3AR agonists for the treatment of DES and/or Sjorgen's Syndrome. A patent in the family pertaining to Sjogren’s syndrome was granted in Japan and recently in Europe. Patents in the family pertaining to DES were granted in the United States, Australia, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea and Mexico.  In the DES family, patent applications are pending in the United States, European Patent Office, or the EPO (designating all member states of the European Patent Convention, or the EPC), Brazil and Israel.  Some of these patents and pending patent applications have a filing date of July 18, 2005 and a priority date of July 28, 2004 and others have a filing date of February 1, 2006 and a priority date of January 27, 2006. The patents already issued will and those that may be issued with respect to the pending patent applications would expire in 2025 or 2026, respectively;




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·

a family of pending patent applications which pertains to the use of A3AR agonists for the treatment or reduction of IOP. These patent applications were recently allowed in Australia and the United States, and further applications are pending in the United States, in the EPO (designating all EPC member states), Israel, Japan, China, Hong Kong, Canada, Mexico and South Korea, each with a filing date of May 16, 2010 and a priority date of May 17, 2009. The patents that may be issued with respect to these pending patent applications would expire in 2030;


·

a family of pending patent applications which pertain to the method for synthesizingCF101. These patent applications are pending in the United States, the EPO (designating all EPC member states), India, Japan and China. Patents in Israel and Japan were recently granted. Each patent application has a filing date of March 13, 2008 and a priority date of March 14, 2007. The patents that may be issued with respect to these pending applications would expire in 2028; and


·

a family of pending patent applications under joint ownership of Can-Fite and the NIH and licensed, to the extent of Can-Fite’s ownership, to Eyefite, which pertain to the use of A3AR agonists for the treatment of uveitis.  These patent applications are pending in the United States, the EPO (this EPO application designates all EPC member states), Israel, Japan, China, Canada, Mexico, South Korea and the Russian Federation, each with a filing date of February 27, 2011 and a priority date of March 3, 2010. Patents that may be issued with respect to these pending patent applications would expire in 2031. We are in discussions with the NIH to obtain a license with respect to its ownership of such pending patent applications and the patents that may be issued pursuant to the same.


We believe that our licensed patents provide broad and comprehensive coverage for the use of CF101 for the treatment of certain ophthalmic disorders. In addition, pursuant to the License Agreement, Can-Fite has contractually agreed to be responsible for the preparation, filing, prosecution and maintenance of its intellectual property rights and our licensed rights.  Can-Fite may also bring any action for infringement of its intellectual property rights which are licensed to us, to the extent that we do not bring any such action. However, the patent positions of biopharmaceutical companies, such as Can-Fite and ourselves, are generally uncertain and involve complex legal and factual questions.  Can-Fite’s ability to maintain and solidify its proprietary position for the technology licensed to us will depend on its success in obtaining effective claims and enforcing those claims once granted.  There is no certainty that any of Can-Fite’s pending patent applications or those pending patent applications that it licenses, including those licensed to us, will result in the issuance of any patents.  The issued patents and those that may issue in the future, including those licensed to Can-Fite, may be challenged, narrowed, circumvented or found to be invalid or unenforceable, which could limit its ability to stop competitors from marketing related products or the length of term of patent protection that we may have for our products under the License Agreement. We cannot be certain that Can-Fite was the first to invent the inventions claimed in its owned or licensed patents or pending patent applications.  In addition, our competitors may independently develop similar technologies or duplicate any technology developed by Can-Fite or us, and the rights granted under any issued patents may not provide us, as a licensee thereunder, with any meaningful competitive advantages against these competitors.  Furthermore, because of the extensive time required for development, testing and regulatory review of a potential product, before any of our products can be commercialized, any related patent may expire or remain in force for only a short period following commercialization, thereby reducing any advantage of such patent.  For more risks associated with the protection of our licensed intellectual property, see “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Intellectual Property”.


Trade Secrets


We may rely, in some circumstances, on trade secrets to protect our technology. However, trade secrets can be difficult to protect. We seek to protect our proprietary technology and processes, in part, by confidentiality agreements and assignment of inventions agreements with our employees, consultants, scientific advisors and contractors. We also seek to preserve the integrity and confidentiality of our data and trade secrets by maintaining physical security of our premises and physical and electronic security of our information technology systems. While we have confidence in these individuals, organizations and systems, such agreements or security measures may be breached, and we may not have adequate remedies for any breach. In addition, our trade secrets may otherwise become known or be independently discovered by competitors or others.


Competition


The pharmaceutical industry is characterized by rapidly evolving technology, intense competition and a highly risky, costly and lengthy research and development process.  Adequate protection of intellectual property, successful product development, adequate funding and retention of skilled, experienced and professional personnel are among the many factors critical to success in the pharmaceutical industry.  


We believe that the characteristics of CF101, may position it well against the competition in the ophthalmic markets, where treatments, when available, often include frequent self-administered eye drops, which may be more difficult than taking pills and may result in less than the full dose of the drug actually entering the eye, have undesirable side effects and do not always treat the underlying cause of the disease.




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On the other hand, other drugs on the market, new drugs under development (including drugs that are in more advanced stages of development in comparison to our drug pipeline) and additional drugs that were originally intended for other purposes, but were found effective for purposes targeted by us, may all be competitive to the current drug in our pipeline.  In fact, some of these drugs are well established and accepted among patients and physicians in their respective markets, can be efficiently produced and marketed, and are relatively safe.  Moreover, other companies of various sizes engage in activities similar to ours.  Most, if not all, of our competitors have substantially greater financial and other resources available to them.  Competitors include companies with marketed products and/or an advanced research and development pipeline.  The competitive landscape in the ophthalmic therapeutics field includes Novartis/Alcon, Allergan, Pfizer, Roche/Genentech, Merck (which acquired Inspire Pharmaceuticals), Santen (which acquired Novagali), Bausch & Lomb (which acquired ISTA Pharmaceuticals and was recently acquired by Valeant), GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi-Aventis (which acquired Fovea) Shire (which acquired SARcode) and more.


Dry Eye Syndrome


According to Datamonitor, DES is the most common problem of patients aged 40 and over who seek eye care. As of 2010, 49.3 million people in the seven major markets (i.e., United States, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom and Japan) suffered from DES.  We believe that the number of people who suffer from DES will increase as the population in each of these countries ages.  According to GlobalData, as of 2012, the global DES market size was approximately $1.6 billion and is expected to grow to approximately $5.5 billion by 2022.


The current products available to treat DES include Restasis® and Refresh® by Allergan, and Celluvisc®, Hyalein®, Vismed® and Systane® by Alcon.  Restasis® is the only FDA-approved prescription therapy indicated to treat DES and, as such, it dominates the U.S. market with respect to the treatment of DES.  Restasis® is not registered in Europe. There are several artificial tear products which are available for purchase over-the-counter,, such as Refresh®, available to treat DES, which are used either alone (in mild to moderate cases) or in combination with other treatments (in moderate to severe cases).  Eye drops are currently the most common method of treating DES and the most common practice is to have patients self-administer such drops several times daily.  Patients may have difficulty complying with this regimen as it may be more difficult than taking pills and may result in less than the full dose of the drug actually entering the eye.  In addition to the foregoing, several therapies are in advanced clinical stages of development for DES.


We believe that there are needs with respect to the treatment of DES that are not being met by existing therapies, such as drugs that allow for less frequent administration than existing products, drugs which may be administered orally, drugs that treat the underlying cause of DES and drugs that can act as anti-inflammatory agents.


Following the recent announcement that CF101 haven’t met the DES phase III primary and secondary efficacy end-points, we are currently evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on our plans for the DES indication at a later date.


Glaucoma


According to Datamonitor, as of 2010, seven million people in the seven major markets suffered from glaucoma. GlobalData estimated that the market for glaucoma drugs was $3.0 billion in 2010 and forecasts growth with a Compound Annual Growth Rate of 0.6% between 2010 and 2018. We expect that the number of people who suffer from glaucoma will increase as the population in each of the seven major markets ages.  


The main drugs used to treat glaucoma include Xalatan®, Travatan® and Cosopt®.  Xalatan® is recommended by the European Glaucoma Society and American Academy of Ophthalmologists as the first choice for the treatment of glaucoma.  According to a Pfizer annual report, Xalatan®, which is marketed by Pfizer, is the leading drug used to treat glaucoma, and had global sales of over $1.7 billion in 2010. Sales of Xalatan® decreased to $1.25 billion in 2011 and are expected to continue to decrease likely as a result of the expiration of patents covering Xalatan® during 2011 and the launch of new generic brands. Travatan® was first launched in the United States in 2001 and then Europe and the certain other markets in 2002.  According to Evaluate Pharma, Travatan®, marketed by Alcon, experienced sales of approximately $600 million in 2010. Travatan® is administered once each day, which ophthalmologists cite as a significant advantage over other drugs used to treat glaucoma.  Cosopt® is the oldest combination therapy in the glaucoma market.  Due to the expiration of patents covering Cosopt® in 2008, some ophthalmologists have begun to look to other brands or generic drugs in the treatment of glaucoma.  Another leading company in this field is Allergan, which markets Lumigan®, Ganfort, Alphagan®, and Combigan®, with over $1.0 billion in aggregate revenues in 2011.  The glaucoma therapeutics market has witnessed major revenues depletion in the recent years due to a string of patent expirations, which started with the expiration of the Xalatan® patent.


Several therapies are in advanced clinical development for glaucoma.  In addition, in 2012, the FDA approved tafluprost ophthalmic solution, Zioptan by Merck, the first preservative-free prostaglandin analog ophthalmic solution, or a solution derived from fatty acids, for the treatment of glaucoma.




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While several anti-glaucoma drugs exist, the glaucoma therapeutics market has a high level of unmet need, which mainly arises from the lack of approved drugs targeting the disease’s progression. Many therapies approved provide only symptomatic relief.  The therapies which are available for the treatment of glaucoma have shown low to moderate efficacy and safety profiles.  Accordingly, there is a significant need for drugs that reduce IOP. In addition, part of the pathogenesis of glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve, so drugs that, in addition to lowering IOP, have a neuroprotective effect, would also satisfy an unmet need.  Based on its toxicological profile, we believe that CF101 has the potential to have fewer side effects than existing drugs for the treatment of glaucoma. At the same time, CF101 offers the potential to act as a neuroprotective agent that  prevents the death of retinal cells, as well as the potential to lower IOP.  We also believe that CF101 will offer less frequent administration than most existing therapies.


Uveitis


According to Data Monitor, uveitis is estimated as the fifth or sixth leading cause of blindness in the United States.  The incidence of uveitis worldwide varies from 14 to 52.4 per 100,000 people, while the overall prevalence around the world is reported as 0.73%.  We estimate that there are approximately one million uveitis patients around the world. According to GlobalData, in 2010, the uveitis market was $0.32 billion and is estimated to reach $1.6 billion by 2017.  The current treatments for uveitis include corticosteroids, anti-metabolites, T-cell inhibitors, alkylating agents and biological drugs, which often involve serious adverse side effects and lack of efficacy. Accordingly, we believe that a need exists for drugs used in the treatment of uveitis that are less toxic and more effective.   There are currently several therapies in advance clinical development for anterior and posterior uveitis.


We believe that a need exists for drugs used for the treatment of uveitis that are less toxic and more effective than currently available therapies. Former pre-clinical pharmacology studies demonstrated that CF101 is effective in inhibiting the development of posterior and anterior uveitis and has a favorable safety profile in experimental animal models. We submitted a protocol for a Phase II study of uveitis. The company is currently reviewing its clinical development plans and will provide an update on the development for this indication on a later stage.


Insurance


We maintain insurance for directors’ and officers’ liability with a coverage limit of $10.0 million aggregate for any and all losses arising out of any and all claims against our directors and officers, except for certain wrongful acts and certain claims arising out of securities offerings.


Our majority stockholder, Can-Fite, which conducts our current clinical studies pursuant to the Services Agreement, maintains worldwide product and clinical trial liability insurance with a coverage limit of approximately $3.0 million with respect to the use of CF101 in clinical trials, including for indications other than ophthalmic diseases.  Can-Fite also procures additional insurance coverage for each specific clinical trial it conducts, which includes coverage for a certain number of trial participants and varies based on the particular clinical trial.  Certain of such policies are based on compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki, which is a set of ethical principles regarding human experimentation developed for the medical community by the World Medical Association and certain protocols from various health authorities throughout the world, some of which may be costly to comply with.  


We believe that our insurance policies are adequate and customary for a business of our kind. However, because of the nature of our business, we cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain insurance on a commercially reasonable basis or at all, or that any future claims will not exceed our insurance coverage.


Environmental Matters


We and our agents, including Can-Fite pursuant to the Services Agreement, are subject to various environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, including those governing air emissions, water and wastewater discharges, noise emissions, the use, management and disposal of hazardous, radioactive and biological materials and wastes and the cleanup of contaminated sites. We believe that our business, operations and facilities, including those of our agents and service providers, such as Can-Fite, are being operated in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental and health and safety laws and regulations. Can-Fite’s laboratory personnel in Israel have ongoing communication with the Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection in order to verify compliance with relevant instructions and regulations. In addition, all laboratory personnel participate in instruction on the proper handling of chemicals, including hazardous substances before commencing employment, and during the course of their employment.  In addition, all information with respect to any chemical substance is filed and stored as a Material Safety Data Sheet, as required by applicable environmental regulations. Based on information currently available to us, we do not expect environmental costs and contingencies to have a material adverse effect on us. The operation of testing facilities, however, entails risks in these areas.  Significant expenditures could be required in the future if these facilities are required to comply with new or more stringent environmental or health and safety laws, regulations or requirements.




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Government Regulation


We operate in a highly controlled regulatory environment. Stringent regulations establish requirements relating to analytical, toxicological and clinical standards and protocols in respect of the testing of pharmaceuticals. Regulations also cover research, development, manufacturing and reporting procedures, both pre- and post-approval. In many markets, especially in Europe, marketing and pricing strategies are subject to national legislation or administrative practices that include requirements to demonstrate not only the quality, safety and efficacy of a new product, but also its cost-effectiveness relating to other treatment options. Failure to comply with regulations can result in stringent sanctions, including product recalls, withdrawal of approvals, seizure of products and criminal prosecution.


Before obtaining regulatory approvals for the commercial sale of our product candidates, we must demonstrate through preclinical studies and clinical trials that our product candidates are safe and effective. Historically, the results from preclinical studies and early clinical trials often have not accurately predicted results of later clinical trials. In addition, a number of pharmaceutical products have shown promising results in clinical trials but subsequently failed to establish sufficient safety and efficacy results to obtain necessary regulatory approvals. We have incurred and will continue to incur substantial expense for, and devote a significant amount of time to, preclinical studies and clinical trials. Many factors can delay the commencement and rate of completion of clinical trials, including the inability to recruit patients at the expected rate, the inability to follow patients adequately after treatment, the failure to manufacture sufficient quantities of materials used for clinical trials, and the emergence of unforeseen safety issues and governmental and regulatory delays. If a product candidate fails to demonstrate safety and efficacy in clinical trials, this failure may delay development of other product candidates and hinder our ability to conduct related preclinical studies and clinical trials. Additionally, as a result of these failures, we may also be unable to obtain additional financing.


Governmental authorities in all major markets require that a new pharmaceutical product be approved or exempted from approval before it is marketed, and have established high standards for technical appraisal, which can result in an expensive and lengthy approval process. The time to obtain approval varies by country and some products are never approved. The lengthy process of conducting clinical trials, seeking approval and the subsequent compliance with applicable statutes and regulations, if approval is obtained, are very costly and require the expenditure of substantial resources.


A summary of the U.S., EU and Israeli regulatory processes follow below.


United States


In the United States, the Public Health Services Act and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as amended, and the regulations promulgated thereunder, and other federal and state statutes and regulations govern, among other things, the safety and effectiveness standards for our products and the raw materials and components used in the production of, testing, manufacture, labeling, storage, record keeping, approval, advertising and promotion of our products on a product-by-product basis.


Preclinical tests include in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the product candidate, its chemistry, formulation and stability, and animal studies to assess potential safety and efficacy.  Certain preclinical tests must be conducted in compliance with good laboratory practice regulations.  Violations of these regulations can, in some cases, lead to invalidation of the studies, requiring them to be replicated.  After laboratory analysis and preclinical testing, a sponsor files an Investigational New Drug application, or IND, with the FDA to begin human testing.  Typically, a manufacturer conducts a three-phase human clinical testing program which itself is subject to numerous laws and regulatory requirements, including adequate monitoring, reporting, record keeping and informed consent.  In Phase I, small clinical trials are conducted to determine the safety and proper dose ranges of our product candidates.  In Phase II, clinical trials are conducted to assess safety and gain preliminary evidence of the efficacy of our product candidates.  In Phase III, clinical trials are conducted to provide sufficient data for the statistically valid evidence of safety and efficacy.  The time and expense required for us to perform this clinical testing can vary and is substantial.  We cannot be certain that we will successfully complete Phase I, Phase II or Phase III testing of our product candidates within any specific time period, if at all.  Furthermore, the FDA, the Institutional Review Board responsible for approving and monitoring the clinical trials at a given site, the Data Safety Monitoring Board, where one is used, or we may suspend the clinical trials at any time on various grounds, including a finding that subjects or patients are exposed to unacceptable health risk.


If the clinical data from these clinical trials (Phases I, II and III) is deemed to support the safety and effectiveness of the candidate product for its intended use, then the Company may proceed to seek to file with the FDA an NDA seeking approval to market a new drug for one or more specified intended uses. The Company has not completed its clinical trials for any candidate product for any intended use and therefore, the Company cannot ascertain whether the clinical data will support and justify filing an NDA. Nevertheless, if and when the Company is able to ascertain that the clinical data supports and justifies filing an NDA, the Company intends to make such appropriate filings.




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The purpose of an NDA is to provide the FDA with sufficient information so that it can assess whether it ought to approve the candidate product for marketing for specific intended uses. The NDA normally contains, among other things, sections describing the chemistry, manufacturing, and controls, non-clinical pharmacology and toxicology, human pharmacokinetics and bioavailability, microbiology, the results of the clinical trials, and the proposed labeling which contains, among other things, the intended uses of the candidate product.


We cannot take any action to market any new drug or biologic product in the United States until our appropriate marketing application has been approved by the FDA.  The FDA has substantial discretion over the approval process and may disagree with our interpretation of the data submitted.  The process may be significantly extended by requests for additional information or clarification regarding information already provided.  As part of this review, the FDA may refer the application to an appropriate advisory committee, typically a panel of clinicians.  Satisfaction of these and other regulatory requirements typically takes several years, and the actual time required may vary substantially based upon the type, complexity and novelty of the product.  Government regulation may delay or prevent marketing of potential products for a considerable period of time and impose costly procedures on our activities.  We cannot be certain that the FDA or other regulatory agencies will approve any of our products on a timely basis, if at all.  Success in preclinical or early stage clinical trials does not assure success in later-stage clinical trials.  Even if a product receives regulatory approval, the approval may be significantly limited to specific indications or uses and these limitations may adversely affect the commercial viability of the product.  Delays in obtaining, or failures to obtain regulatory approvals, would have a material adverse effect on our business.


Even after we obtain FDA approval, we may be required to conduct further clinical trials (i.e., Phase IV trials) and provide additional data on safety and effectiveness.  We are also required to gain separate approval for the use of an approved product as a treatment for indications other than those initially approved.  In addition, side effects or adverse events that are reported during clinical trials can delay, impede or prevent marketing approval.  Similarly, adverse events that are reported after marketing approval can result in additional limitations being placed on the product’s use and, potentially, withdrawal of the product from the market.  Any adverse event, either before or after marketing approval, can result in product liability claims against us.


In addition to regulating and auditing human clinical trials, the FDA regulates and inspects equipment, facilities, laboratories and processes used in the manufacturing and testing of such products prior to providing approval to market a product.  If after receiving FDA approval, we make a material change in manufacturing equipment, location or process, additional regulatory review and approval may be required.  We also must adhere to cGMP regulations and product-specific regulations enforced by the FDA through its facilities inspection program.  The FDA also conducts regular, periodic visits to re-inspect our equipment, facilities, laboratories and processes following the initial approval.  If, as a result of these inspections, the FDA determines that our equipment, facilities, laboratories or processes do not comply with applicable FDA regulations and conditions of product approval, the FDA may seek civil, criminal or administrative sanctions and/or remedies against us, including the suspension of our manufacturing operations.


We have currently received no approvals to market our products from the FDA or other foreign regulators.


We are also subject to various federal, state and international laws pertaining to health care “fraud and abuse,” including anti-kickback laws and false claims laws.  The federal Anti-kickback law, which governs federal healthcare programs (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid), makes it illegal to solicit, offer, receive or pay any remuneration in exchange for, or to induce, the referral of business, including the purchase or prescription of a particular drug.  Many states have similar laws that are not restricted to federal healthcare programs.  Federal and state false claims laws prohibit anyone from knowingly and willingly presenting, or causing to be presented for payment to third party payers (including Medicare and Medicaid), claims for reimbursement, including claims for the sale of drugs or services, that are false or fraudulent, claims for items or services not provided as claimed, or claims for medically unnecessary items or services.  If the government or a whistleblower were to allege that we violated these laws there could be a material adverse effect on us, including our stock price.  Even an unsuccessful challenge could cause adverse publicity and be costly to respond to, which could have a materially adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.  A finding of liability under these laws can have significant adverse financial implications for us and can result in payment of large penalties and possible exclusion from federal healthcare programs.  We will consult counsel concerning the potential application of these and other laws to our business and our sales, marketing and other activities and will make good faith efforts to comply with them.  However, given their broad reach and the increasing attention given by law enforcement authorities, we cannot assure you that some of our activities will not be challenged or deemed to violate some of these laws.


European Economic Area


Although we are not currently seeking regulatory approval in the EU, we may do so in the future.  As such, a summary of the EU regulatory processes follows below.


A medicinal product may only be placed on the market in the European Economic Area, or EEA, composed of the 27 EU member states, plus Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein, when a marketing authorization has been issued by the competent authority of a member state pursuant to Directive 2001/83/EC (as recently amended by Directive 2004/27/EC), or an authorization has been granted under the centralized procedure in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 726/2004 or its predecessor, Regulation 2309/93. There are essentially three community procedures created under prevailing European pharmacyeutical legislation that, if successfully completed, allow an applicant to place a medicinal product on the market in the EEA.




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Centralized Procedure


Regulation 726/2004/EC now governs the centralized procedure when a marketing authorization is granted by the European Commission, acting in its capacity as the European Licensing Authority on the advice of the EMA. That authorization is valid throughout the entire community and directly or (as to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) indirectly allows the applicant to place the product on the market in all member states of the EEA. The EMA is the administrative body responsible for coordinating the existing scientific resources available in the member states for evaluation, supervision and pharmacovigilance of medicinal products. Certain medicinal products, as described in the Annex to Regulation 726/2004, must be authorized centrally. These are products that are developed by means of a biotechnological process in accordance with Paragraph 1 to the Annex to the Regulation. Medicinal products for human use containing a new active substance for which the therapeutic indication is the treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, cancer, neurodegenerative disorder or diabetes must also be authorized centrally. Starting on May 20, 2008, the mandatory centralized procedure was extended to autoimmune diseases and other immune dysfunctions and viral diseases. Finally, all medicinal products that are designated as orphan medicinal products pursuant to Regulation 141/2000 must be authorized under the centralized procedure. An applicant may also opt for assessment through the centralized procedure if it can show that the medicinal product constitutes a significant therapeutic, scientific or technical innovation or that the granting of authorization centrally is in the interests of patients at the community level. For each application submitted to the EMA for scientific assessment, the EMA is required to ensure that the opinion of the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use, or CHMP, is given within 210 days after receipt of a valid application. This 210 days period does not include the time that the applicant to answer any questions raised during the application procedure, the so-called ‘clock stop’ period. If the opinion is positive, the EMA is required to send the opinion to the European Commission, which is responsible for preparing the draft decision granting a marketing authorization. This draft decision may differ from the CHMP opinion, stating reasons for diverging for the CHMP opinion. The draft decision is sent to the applicant and the member states, after which the European Commission takes a final decision. If the initial opinion of the CHMP is negative, the applicant is afforded an opportunity to seek a re-examination of the opinion. The CHMP is required to re-examine its opinion within 60 days following receipt of the request by the applicant. All CHMP refusals and the reasons for refusal are made public on the EMA website. Without a centralized marketing authorization it is prohibited to place a medicinal product that must be authorized centrally on the market in the EU.


Mutual Recognition and Decentralized Procedures


With the exception of products that are authorized centrally, the competent authorities of the member states are responsible for granting marketing authorizations for medicinal products placed on their national markets. If the applicant for a marketing authorization intends to market the same medicinal product in more than one member state, the applicant may seek an authorization progressively in the community under the mutual recognition or decentralized procedure. Mutual recognition is used if the medicinal product has already been authorized in a member state. In this case, the holder of this marketing authorization requests the member state where the authorization has been granted to act as reference member state by preparing an updated assessment report that is then used to facilitate mutual recognition of the existing authorization in the other member states in which approval is sought (the so-called concerned member state(s)). The reference member state must prepare an updated assessment report within 90 days of receipt of a valid application. This report together with the approved Summary of Product Characteristics, or SmPC (which sets out the conditions of use of the product), and a labeling and package leaflet are sent to the concerned member states for their consideration. The concerned member states are required to approve the assessment report, the SmPC and the labeling and package leaflet within 90 days of receipt of these documents. The total procedural time is 180 days.


The decentralized procedure is used in cases where the medicinal product has not received a marketing authorization in the EU at the time of application. The applicant requests a member state of its choice to act as reference member state to prepare an assessment report that is then used to facilitate agreement with the concerned member states and the grant of a national marketing authorization in all of these member states. In this procedure, the reference member state must prepare, for consideration by the concerned member states, the draft assessment report, a draft SmPC and a draft of the labeling and package leaflet within 120 days after receipt of a valid application. As in the case of mutual recognition, the concerned member states are required to approve these documents within 90 days of their receipt.


For both mutual recognition and decentralized procedures, if a concerned member state objects to the grant of a marketing authorization on the grounds of a potential serious risk to public health, it may raise a reasoned objection with the reference member state. The points of disagreement are in the first instance referred to the Co-ordination Group on Mutual Recognition and Decentralized Procedures, or CMD, to reach an agreement within 60 days of the communication of the points of disagreement. If member states fail to reach an agreement, then the matter is referred to the EMA and CHMP for arbitration. The CHMP is required to deliver a reasoned opinion within 60 days of the date on which the matter is referred. The scientific opinion adopted by the CHMP forms the basis for a binding European Commission decision.




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Irrespective of whether the medicinal product is assessed centrally, de-centrally or through a process of mutual recognition, the medicinal product must be manufactured in accordance with the principles of good manufacturing practice as set out in Directive 2003/94/EC and Volume 4 of the rules governing medicinal products in the European community. Moreover, community law requires the clinical results in support of clinical safety and efficacy based upon clinical trials conducted in the European community to be in compliance with the requirements of Directive 2001/20/EC, which implements good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use. Clinical trials conducted outside the European community and used to support applications for marketing within the EU must have been conducted in a way consistent with the principles set out in Directive 2001/20/EC. The conduct of a clinical trial in the EU requires, pursuant to Directive 2001/20/EC, authorization by the relevant national competent authority where a trial takes place, and an ethics committee to have issued a favorable opinion in relation to the arrangements for the trial. It also requires that the sponsor of the trial, or a person authorized to act on his behalf in relation to the trial, be established in the community.


National Procedure


This procedure is available for medicinal products that do not fall within the scope of mandatory centralized authorization and are intended for use in only on EU member state. Specific procedures and timelines differ between member states, but the duration of the procedure is generally 210 days and based on a risk/efficacy assessment by the competent authority of the member state concerned, followed by determination of SmPC, package leaflet and label text/layout and subsequently grant of the marketing authorization. Marketing authorizations granted on this basis are not mutually recognized by other member states.


There are various types of applications for marketing authorizations:


Full Applications. A full application is one that is made under any of the community procedures described above and “stands alone” in the sense that it contains all of the particulars and information required by Article 8(3) of Directive 2001/83 (as amended) to allow the competent authority to assess the quality, safety and efficacy of the product and in particular the balance between benefit and risk. Article 8(3)(l) in particular refers to the need to present the results of the applicant’s research on (i) pharmaceutical (physical-chemical, biological or microbiological) tests, (ii) preclinical (toxicological and pharmacological) studies and (iii) clinical trials in humans. The nature of these tests, studies and trials is explained in more detail in Annex I to Directive 2001/83/EC. Full applications would be required for products containing new active substances not previously approved by the competent authority, but may also be made for other products.


Abridged Applications. Article 10 of Directive 2001/83/EC contains exemptions from the requirement that the applicant provide the results of its own preclinical and clinical research. There are three regulatory routes for an applicant to seek an exemption from providing such results, namely (i) cross-referral to an innovator’s results without consent of the innovator, (ii) well established use according to published literature and (iii) consent to refer to an existing dossier of research results filed by a previous applicant.


Cross-referral to Innovator’s Data


Articles 10(1) and 10(2)(b) of Directive 2001/83/EC provide the legal basis for an applicant to seek a marketing authorization on the basis that its product is a generic medicinal product (a copy) of a reference medicinal product that has already been authorized, in accordance with community provisions. A reference product is, in principle, an original product granted an authorization on the basis of a full dossier of particulars and information. This is the main exemption used by generic manufacturers for obtaining a marketing authorization for a copy product. The generic applicant is not required to provide the results of preclinical studies and of clinical trials if its product meets the definition of a generic medicinal product and the applicable regulatory results protection period for the results submitted by the innovator has expired. A generic medicinal product is defined as a medicinal product:


·

having the same qualitative and quantitative composition in active substance as the reference medicinal product;

·

having the same pharmaceutical form as the reference medicinal product; and

·

whose bioequivalence with the reference medicinal product has been demonstrated by appropriate bioavailability studies.

·

Applications in respect of a generic medicinal product cannot be made before the expiry of the protection period. Where the reference product was granted a national marketing authorization pursuant to an application made before October 30, 2005, the protection period is either six years or 10 years, depending upon the election of the particular member state concerned. Where the reference product was granted a marketing authorization centrally, pursuant to an application made before November 20, 2005, the protection period is 10 years. For applications made after these dates, Regulation 726/2004 and amendments to Directive 2001/83/EC provide for a harmonized protection period regardless of the approval route utilized. The harmonized protection period is in total 10 years, including eight years of research data protection and two years of marketing protection. The effect is that the originator’s results can be the subject of a cross-referral application after eight years, but any resulting authorization cannot be exploited for a further two years. The rationale of this procedure is not that the competent authority does not have before it relevant tests and trials upon which to assess the efficacy and safety of the generic product, but that the relevant particulars can, if the research data protection period has expired, be found on the originator’s file and used for assessment of the generic medicinal product. The 10-year protection period can be extended to 11 years where, in the first eight years post-authorization, the holder of the authorization obtains approval for a new indication assessed as offering a significant clinical benefit in comparison with existing products.




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If the copy product does not meet the definition of a generic medicinal product or if certain types of changes occur in the active substance(s) or in the therapeutic indications, strength, pharmaceutical form or route of administration in relation to the reference medicinal product, Article 10(3) of Directive 2001/83/EC provides that the results of the appropriate preclinical studies or clinical trials must be provided by the applicant.


Well-established Medicinal Use


Under Article 10a of Directive 2001/83/EC, an applicant may, in substitution for the results of its own preclinical and clinical research, present detailed references to published literature demonstrating that the active substance(s) of a product have a well-established medicinal use within the community with recognized efficacy and an acceptable level of safety. The applicant is entitled to refer to a variety of different types of literature, including reports of clinical trials with the same active substance(s) and epidemiological studies that indicate that the constituent or constituents of the product have an acceptable safety/efficacy profile for a particular indication. However, use of the published literature exemption is restricted by stating that in no circumstances will constituents be treated as having a well-established use if they have been used for less than 10 years from the first systematic and documented use of the substance as a medicinal product in the EU. Even after 10 years’ systematic use, the threshold for well-established medicinal use might not be met. European pharmaceutical law requires the competent authorities to consider among other factors the period over which a substance has been used, the amount of patient use of the substance, the degree of scientific interest in the use of the substance (as reflected in the scientific literature) and the coherence (consistency) of all the scientific assessments made in the literature. For this reason, different substances may reach the threshold for well-established use after different periods, but the minimum period is 10 years. If the applicant seeks approval of an entirely new therapeutic use compared with that to which the published literature refers, additional preclinical and/or clinical results would have to be provided.


Informed Consent


Under Article 10c of Directive 2001/83/EC, following the grant of a marketing authorization the holder of such authorization may consent to a competent authority utilizing the pharmaceutical, preclinical and clinical documentation that it submitted to obtain approval for a medicinal product to assess a subsequent application relating to a medicinal product possessing the same qualitative and quantitative composition with respect to the active substances and the same pharmaceutical form.


Law Relating to Pediatric Research


Regulation (EC) 1901/2006 (as amended by Regulation (EC) 1902/2006) was adopted on December 12, 2006. This Regulation governs the development of medicinal products for human use in order to meet the specific therapeutic needs of the pediatric population. It requires any application for marketing authorization made after July 26, 2008 in respect of a product not authorized in the European Community on January 26, 2007 (the time the Regulation entered into force), to include the results of all studies performed and details of all information collected in compliance with a pediatric investigation plan agreed by the Pediatric Committee of the EMA, unless the product is subject to an agreed waiver or deferral or unless the product is excluded from the scope of Regulation 1902/2006 (generics, hybrid medicinal products, biosimilars, homeopathic and traditional (herbal) medicinal products and medicinal products containing one or more active substances of well-established medicinal use). Waivers can be granted in certain circumstances where pediatric studies are not required or desirable. Deferrals can be granted in certain circumstances where the initiation or completion of pediatric studies should be deferred until appropriate studies in adults have been performed. Moreover, this regulation imposes the same obligation from January 26, 2009 on an applicant seeking approval of a new indication, pharmaceutical form or route of administration for a product already authorized and still protected by a supplementary protection certificate granted under Regulation EC 469/2009 and its precursor (EEC) 1768/92 or by a patent that qualifies for the granting of such a supplementary protection certificate. The pediatric Regulation 1901/2006 also provides, subject to certain conditions, a reward for performing such pediatric studies, regardless of whether the pediatric results provided resulted in the grant of a pediatric indication. This reward comes in the form of an extension of six months to the supplementary protection certificate granted in respect of the product, unless the product is subject to orphan drug designation, in which case the 10-year market exclusivity period for such orphan products is extended to 12 years. If any of the non-centralized procedures for marketing authorization have been used, the six-month extension of the supplementary protection certificate is only granted if the medicinal product is authorized in all member states.


Post-authorization Obligations


In the pre-authorization phase the applicant must provide a detailed pharmacovigilance plan that it intends to implement post-authorization. An authorization to market a medicinal product in the EU carries with it an obligation to comply with many post-authorization organizational and behavioral regulations relating to the marketing and other activities of authorization holders. These include requirements relating to post-authorization efficacy studies, post-authorization safety studies, adverse event reporting and other pharmacovigilance requirements, advertising, packaging and labeling, patient package leaflets, distribution and wholesale dealing. The regulations frequently operate within a criminal law framework and failure to comply with the requirements may not only affect the authorization, but also can lead to financial and other sanctions levied on the company in question and responsible officers.



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As a result of the currently on-going overhaul of EU pharmacovigilance legislation the financial and organizational burden on market authorization holders will increase significantly, such as the obligation to maintain a pharmacovigilance system master file that applies to all holders of marketing authorizations granted in accordance with Directive 2001/83/EC or Regulation (EC) No 726/2004. Marketing authorization holders must furthermore collect data on adverse events associated with use of the authorized product outside the scope of the authorization. Pharmacovigilance for biological products and medicines with a new active substance will be strengthened by subjecting their authorization to additional monitoring activities. The EU is currently in the process of issuing implementing regulations for the new pharmacovigilance framework.


Any authorization granted by member state authorities, which within three years of its granting is not followed by the actual placing on the market of the authorized product in the authorizing member state ceases to be valid. When an authorized product previously placed on the market in the authorizing member state is no longer actually present on the market for a period of three consecutive years, the authorization for that product shall cease to be valid. The same two three year periods apply to authorizations granted by the European Commission based on the centralized procedure.


Israel


In November, 2011, Eyefite and Can-Fite entered into the Services Agreement, pursuant to which Can-Fite will manage, as an independent contractor, all activities relating to pre-clinical and clinical studies performed for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101. As such, in addition to regulations of other countries where we are seeking regulatory approval, Israeli government regulation will also govern the development of our product candidates.


Israel Ministry of the Environment — Toxin Permit


In accordance with the Israeli Dangerous Substance Law — 1993, the Ministry of the Environment may grant a permit in order to use toxic materials. Because Can-Fite utilizes toxic materials in the course of operation of their laboratories relating, in part, to our products, they were required to apply for a permit to use these materials. The current toxin permit held by Can-Fite will remain in effect until January 2014.


Other Licenses and Approvals


Can-Fite has a business license from the municipality of Petah-Tikva for a drug development research laboratory located at its offices in Petah Tikva, Israel.  In order to obtain this license, Can-Fite also received approval from the Petah-Tikva Association of Towns Fire Department.  Can-Fite’s business license is valid until December 2014. Can-Fite also has a radioactive materials or products containing radioactive materials license, which is valid until July 25, 2014.


In 2002, Can-Fite received approval from the National Council on Animal Experiments, approving it as an institution authorized to conduct experiments on animals.


Clinical Testing in Israel


In order to conduct clinical testing on humans in Israel, special authorization must first be obtained from the ethics committee and general manager of the institution in which the clinical studies are scheduled to be conducted, as required under the Guidelines for Clinical Trials in Human Subjects implemented pursuant to the Israeli Public Health Regulations (Clinical Trials in Human Subjects), as amended from time to time, and other applicable legislation. These regulations also require authorization from the Israeli Ministry of Health, except in certain circumstances, and in the case of genetic trials, special fertility trials and similar trials, an additional authorization of the overseeing institutional ethics committee. The institutional ethics committee must, among other things, evaluate the anticipated benefits that are likely to be derived from the project to determine if it justifies the risks and inconvenience to be inflicted on the human subjects, and the committee must ensure that adequate protection exists for the rights and safety of the participants as well as the accuracy of the information gathered in the course of the clinical testing. Since we intend to perform a portion of the clinical studies on certain of our therapeutic candidates in Israel, we will be required to obtain authorization from the ethics committee and general manager of each institution in which we intend to conduct our clinical trials, and in most cases, from the Israeli Ministry of Health.


Israel Ministry of Health


Israel’s Ministry of Health, which regulates medical testing, has adopted protocols that correspond, generally, to those of the FDA and the EMA, making it comparatively straightforward for studies conducted in Israel to satisfy FDA and the EMA requirements, thereby enabling medical technologies subjected to clinical trials in Israel to reach U.S. and EU commercial markets in an expedited fashion. Many members of Israel’s medical community have earned international prestige in their chosen fields of expertise and routinely collaborate, teach and lecture at leading medical centers throughout the world. Israel also has free trade agreements with the United States and the European Union.



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Other Countries


In addition to regulations in the United States, the EU and Israel, we are subject to a variety of other regulations governing clinical trials and commercial sales and distribution of drugs in other countries. Whether or not our products receive approval from the FDA, approval of such products must be obtained by the comparable regulatory authorities of countries other than the United States before we can commence clinical trials or marketing of the product in those countries. The approval process varies from country to country, and the time may be longer or shorter than that required for FDA approval. The requirements governing the conduct of clinical trials and product licensing vary greatly from country to country.


The requirements that we and our collaborators must satisfy to obtain regulatory approval by government agencies in other countries prior to commercialization of our products in such countries can be rigorous, costly and uncertain.  In the European countries, Canada and Australia, regulatory requirements and approval processes are similar in principle to those in the United States.  Additionally, depending on the type of drug for which approval is sought, there are currently two potential tracks for marketing approval in the European countries: mutual recognition and the centralized procedure.  These review mechanisms may ultimately lead to approval in all European Union countries, but each method grants all participating countries some decision-making authority in product approval.  Foreign governments also have stringent post-approval requirements including those relating to manufacture, labeling, reporting, record keeping and marketing.  Failure to substantially comply with these on-going requirements could lead to government action against the product, us and/or its representatives.


Related Matters


From time to time, legislation is drafted, introduced and passed in governmental bodies that could significantly change the statutory provisions governing the approval, manufacturing and marketing of products regulated by the FDA or EMA and other applicable regulatory bodies to which we are subject. In addition, regulations and guidance are often revised or reinterpreted by the national agency in ways that may significantly affect our business and our therapeutic candidates. It is impossible to predict whether such legislative changes will be enacted, whether FDA or EMA regulations, guidance or interpretations will change, or what the impact of such changes, if any, may be. We may need to adapt our business and therapeutic candidates and products to changes that occur in the future.


Employees


As of December 31, 2013, we had one part-time employee, our Chief Executive Officer, and no full time employees.


Research and Development


Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were approximately $1,759,000 compared to $1,827,000 for the year ended December 31, 2012.


ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS.


An investment in our Company involves significant risks, including the risks described below.  You should consult with your own financial and legal advisors and carefully consider the material risks described below, together with all of the other information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could suffer, and the trading price of our common stock could decline.


Risks Related to Our Company and Its Business


We have a limited operating history, are not currently profitable, do not expect to become profitable in the near future and may never become profitable.


We are a development stage biopharmaceutical company with a limited operating history. We are not profitable and have incurred losses since the Transaction and before. We have not generated any revenue since the Transaction, expect to incur substantial losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable.  We also expect to incur significant operating and capital expenditures and anticipate that our expenses and losses will increase substantially in the foreseeable future as we:


·

manage pre-clinical development and clinical trials for our current and new drug candidates;

·

seek regulatory approvals for our current and future drug candidates;

·

implement internal systems and infrastructure;

·

seek to license in additional technologies to develop;

·

hire management and other personnel; and

·

move towards commercialization.



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We also expect to experience negative cash flow for the foreseeable future. As a result, we will need to generate significant revenues in order to achieve and maintain profitability.  We may not be able to generate these revenues or achieve profitability in the future.  If our product candidates fail in clinical trials or do not gain regulatory clearance or approval, or if our product candidates do not achieve market acceptance, we may never become profitable. Our failure to achieve or maintain profitability, or substantial delays in achieving profitability, could negatively impact the value of our common stock and our ability to raise additional financing.  A substantial decline in the value of our common stock would also affect the price at which we could sell shares to secure future funding, which could dilute the ownership interest of current stockholders.


Even if we achieve profitability in the future, we may not be able to sustain profitability in subsequent periods.  Accordingly, it is difficult to evaluate our business prospects. Moreover, our prospects must be considered in light of the risks and uncertainties encountered by an early-stage company in highly regulated and competitive markets, such as the biopharmaceutical market, where regulatory approval and market acceptance of our products are uncertain. There can be no assurance that our efforts will ultimately be successful or result in revenues or profits.


Because of our historic losses from operations since the Transaction, there are no assurances that we will be successful in obtaining an adequate level of financing needed for our research and development activities. If we will not have sufficient liquidity resources we may not be able to continue the development of any of our products, may be required to delay part of the respective development programs or, without additional financing, may not be able to maintain our operations beyond 2015 as we currently plan, or at all.


Our financial statements as of December 31, 2013, were prepared based on the assumption that we would continue as a going concern.  Our net losses of $6,101,000 for the period from June 27, 2011, through December 31, 2013, and our current limited cash resources, raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  If the going-concern assumption were not appropriate for our financial statements, then adjustments would be necessary to the carrying values of the assets and liabilities, the reported revenues and expenses, and the balance sheet classifications used.  Since December 31, 2013, we have continued to experience losses. Our future ability to continue as a going concern is subject to our ability to generate a profit and/or obtain necessary additional funding from outside sources, including obtaining additional funding from the sale of our securities and subject to the letter received from our parent Company with regards to its approval for defer receiving payments owed to it under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013. Except for potential proceeds from the sale of equity in offerings by us, for which we have no firm commitments, we have no other source for additional funding.  Our continued net losses and stockholders’ deficiency increase the difficulty in meeting such goals and there can be no assurances that such methods will prove successful.  If we are unsuccessful in doing so, we would be required to substantially revise our business plan or our business could fail.


Because of our limited operating history, we cannot ensure the long-term successful operation of our business or the execution of our business plan.


Eyefite, our wholly owned subsidiary, received an exclusive worldwide license for the use of CF101 in the field of ophthalmic diseases and commenced its operations upon the closing of the Transaction in November 2011. As a result, we have a limited operating history upon which to evaluate our proposed business and prospects.  Our proposed business operations will be subject to numerous risks, uncertainties, expenses and difficulties associated with early stage enterprises. Such risks include, but are not limited to, the following:


·

the absence of a lengthy operating history;

·

insufficient capital to fully realize our operating plan;

·

our ability to obtain FDA approvals in a timely manner, if ever;

·

expected continual losses for the foreseeable future;

·

operating in an environment that is highly regulated by a number of agencies;

·

operating in multiple currencies;

·

social and political unrest;

·

our ability to anticipate and adapt to a developing market(s);

·

acceptance of CF101 by the medical community and consumers;

·

limited marketing experience;

·

a competitive environment characterized by well-established and well-capitalized competitors;

·

the ability to identify, attract and retain qualified personnel; and

·

reliance on key personnel.


Because we are subject to these risks, evaluating our business may be difficult, our business strategy may be unsuccessful and we may be unable to address such risks in a cost-effective manner, if at all. If we are unable to successfully address these risks our business will be harmed.




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We have not yet commercialized any products or technologies, and we may never become profitable.


We have not yet commercialized any products or technologies, and we may never be able to do so.  We do not know when or if we will complete any of our product development efforts, obtain regulatory approval for any product candidates incorporating our technologies or successfully commercialize any approved products.  Even if we are successful in developing products that are approved for marketing, we will not be successful unless these products gain market acceptance for appropriate indications at favorable reimbursement rates.  The degree of market acceptance of these products will depend on a number of factors, including:


·

the timing of regulatory approvals in the countries, and for the uses, we seek;

·

the competitive environment;

·

the establishment and demonstration in the medical community of the safety and clinical efficacy of our products and their potential advantages over existing therapeutic products;

·

the Company’s ability to enter into strategic agreements with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies with strong marketing and sales capabilities;

·

the adequacy and success of distribution, sales and marketing efforts; and

·

the pricing and reimbursement policies of government and third-party payors, such as insurance companies, health maintenance organizations and other plan administrators.


Physicians, patients, thirty-party payors or the medical community in general may be unwilling to accept, utilize or recommend, and in the case of third-party payors, cover any of our products or products incorporating our technologies. As a result, we are unable to predict the extent of future losses or the time required to achieve profitability, if at all. Even if we successfully develop one or more products that incorporate our technologies, we may not become profitable.


Our current pipeline is based on a single compound, the CF101 drug candidate. Failure to develop CF101 will have a material adverse effect on the Company. CF101 recently failed to reach the primary and secondary efficacy study end-points in a recent phase III DES study.


Our current pipeline is based on the development of CF101 for the treatment of DES, glaucoma and uveitis. As such, we are currently dependent on a single molecule for our potential commercial success, and any safety or efficacy problems or concern with CF101, or Can-Fite’s failure to maintain its license from the NIH, could have a significant impact on our business. Failure to develop CF101 or any additional drug candidates which we may develop in the future, in whole or in part, would have a material adverse effect on the Company. We experienced the risks involved with the development of CF101 recently when we announced in December 30 2013 that the phase III study of CF101 for the treatment of DES failed to reach the primary and secondary efficacy study end-points. The Company is evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on its plans for the DES indication at a later date.


Our product candidate is at various stages of preclinical and clinical development and may never be commercialized.


The progress and results of any future preclinical testing or future clinical trials are uncertain, and the failure of our product candidate and additional product candidates which we may license, acquire and/or develop in the future to receive regulatory approvals will have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition to the extent we are unable to commercialize any products.  None of our product candidates has received regulatory approval for commercial sale.  In addition, we face the risks of failure inherent in developing therapeutic products.  Our product candidates are not expected to be commercially available for several years, if at all.


In addition, our product candidates must satisfy rigorous standards of safety and efficacy before they can be approved for commercial use by the FDAor foreign regulatory authorities.  The FDA and foreign regulatory authorities have full discretion over this approval process.  We will need to conduct significant additional research, including testing in animals and in humans, before we can file applications for product approval.  Typically, in the pharmaceutical industry, there is a high rate of attrition for product candidates in preclinical testing and clinical trials.  Also, satisfying regulatory requirements typically takes many years, is dependent upon the type, complexity and novelty of the product and requires the expenditure of substantial resources.  Success in preclinical testing and early clinical trials does not ensure that later clinical trials will be successful. For example, a number of companies in the pharmaceutical industry, including biotechnology companies, have suffered significant setbacks in advanced clinical trials, even after promising results in earlier trials. In addition, delays or rejections may be encountered based upon additional government regulation, including any changes in legislation or FDA policy, during the process of product development, clinical trials and regulatory reviews. After clinical trials are completed, the FDA has substantial discretion in the drug approval process and may require us to conduct additional preclinical and clinical testing or to perform post-marketing studies.




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In order to receive FDA approval or approval from foreign regulatory authorities to market a product candidate or to distribute our products, we must demonstrate through preclinical testing and through human clinical trials that the product candidate is safe and effective for its intended uses (e.g., treatment of a specific condition in a specific way subject to contradictions and other limitations).  Even if we comply with all FDA requests, the FDA may ultimately reject one or more of our new drug applications, or NDA (assuming our ability to submit an NDA), or grant approval for a narrowly intended use that is not commercially feasible.  We might not obtain regulatory approval for our drug candidates in a timely manner, if at all.  Failure to obtain FDA approval of any of our drug candidates in a timely manner or at all will severely undermine our business by delaying or halting commercialization of our products, imposing costly procedures, diminishing competitive advantages and reducing the number of salable products and, therefore, corresponding product revenues.


We might be unable to develop product candidates that will achieve commercial success in a timely and cost-effective manner, or ever.


Even if regulatory authorities approve our product candidates, they may not be commercially successful.  Our product candidates may not be commercially successful because government agencies and other third-party payors may not cover the product or the coverage may be too limited to be commercially successful. In addition, physicians and others may not use or recommend our products, even following regulatory approval.  A product approval, assuming one issues, may limit the uses for which the product may be distributed thereby adversely affecting the commercial viability of the product.  Third parties may develop superior products or have proprietary rights that preclude us from marketing our products.  We also expect that at least some of our product candidates will be expensive, if approved.  Patient acceptance of and demand for any product candidates for which we obtain regulatory approval or license will depend largely on many factors, including but not limited to the extent, if any, of reimbursement of costs by government agencies and other third-party payors, pricing, competition, the effectiveness of our marketing and distribution efforts, the safety and effectiveness of alternative products, and the prevalence and severity of side effects associated with our products.  If physicians, government agencies and other third-party payors do not accept our products, we will not be able to generate significant revenue.


Our product candidate and future product candidates will remain subject to ongoing regulatory requirements even if they receive marketing approval, and if we fail to comply with these requirements, we may not obtain such approvals or could lose those approvals that have been obtained, and the sales of any approved commercial products could be suspended.


Even if we receive regulatory approval to market a particular product candidate, the product will remain subject to extensive regulatory requirements, including requirements relating to manufacturing, labeling, packaging, adverse event reporting, storage, advertising, promotion, distribution and record keeping.  Even if regulatory approval of a product is granted, the approval may be subject to limitations on the uses for which the product may be marketed or the conditions of approval, or may contain requirements for costly post-marketing testing and surveillance to monitor the safety or efficacy of the product, which could negatively impact us or our collaboration partners by reducing revenues or increasing expenses, and cause the approved product candidate not to be commercially viable.  In addition, as clinical experience with a drug expands after approval, typically because it is used by a greater number and more diverse group of patients after approval than during clinical trials, side effects and other problems may be observed after approval that were not seen or anticipated during pre-approval clinical trials or other studies.  Any adverse effects observed after the approval and marketing of a product candidate could result in limitations on the use of, withdrawal of FDA approval or withdrawal of any approved products from the marketplace.  Absence of long-term safety data may also limit the approved uses of our products, if any.  If we fail to comply with the regulatory requirements of the FDA and other applicable U.S. and foreign regulatory authorities, or previously unknown problems with any approved commercial products, manufacturers or manufacturing processes are discovered, we could be subject to administrative or judicially imposed sanctions or other setbacks, including the following:


·

restrictions on the products, manufacturers or manufacturing processes;

·

warning letters;

·

civil or criminal penalties, fines and/or injunctions;

·

product seizures or detentions;

·

import or export bans or restrictions;

·

voluntary or mandatory product recalls and related publicity requirements;

·

suspension or withdrawal of regulatory approvals;

·

total or partial suspension of production; and

·

refusal to approve pending applications for marketing approval of new products or supplements to approved applications.


If we or our collaborators are slow to adapt, or are unable to adapt, to changes in existing regulatory requirements or adoption of new regulatory requirements or policies, marketing approval for our product candidates may be lost or cease to be achievable, resulting in decreased revenue from milestones, product sales or royalties, which would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.




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We expect that we will need to raise additional capital to meet our business requirements in the future, and such capital raising may be costly or difficult to obtain and may dilute current stockholders’ ownership interests. An inability to raise the necessary capital or to do so on acceptable terms would threaten the success of our business.


The Company is addressing its liquidity issues by implementing initiatives to raise additional funds as well as other measures that will cover its anticipated budget needs. However, the recent announcement that CF101 haven’t met the phase III DES trial end-points is jeopardizing our chances to succeed in raising additional funds. Such initiatives may include monetizing part of Company's assets through the sale of the shares of Can-Fite that we hold. In addition, in February, 2013, the Company obtained a formal letter from Can-Fite agreeing to defer payments owed to it under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by the Company. Any such deferred payments will bear interest at a rate of 3% per annum from the due date of each invoice issued by Can-Fite to the Company until the time of payment by the Company. Because of the uncertainties in our business, including the uncertainties discussed in this “Risk Factors” section, we cannot assure that without additional financing, we will be able to maintain our operations beyond 2015 as we currently plan. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including the progress and results of our clinical trials and any additional studies we may perform, the timing and outcome of regulatory review of our product candidates, the number and development requirements of other product candidates that we pursue, and the costs of operations. Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with the development and commercialization of our product candidates, we are unable to estimate the amounts of increased capital outlays and operating expenditures associated with our anticipated clinical trials.  It is highly likely that we will need to raise additional funds through public or private debt or equity financings to meet various objectives including, but not limited to:


·

funding clinical and any additional preclinical trials or laboratory testing;

·

the progress of the development of our product candidates;

·

the number of product candidates we pursue;

·

the time and costs involved in obtaining regulatory approvals and complying  with regulatory and registration requirements;

·

the costs involved in filing and prosecuting patent applications and enforcing or defending patent claims;

·

whether or not we establish our own sales, marketing and/or manufacturing capabilities;

·

our ability to establish, enforce and maintain selected strategic alliances and activities required for product development and commercialization;

·

our revenues, if any, from successful development and commercialization of any product candidates;

·

making capital improvements to our infrastructure;

·

hiring qualified management and key employees;

·

responding to competitive pressures; and

·

maintaining compliance with applicable laws.


To carry out our business plan and implement our strategy, we anticipate that we will need to obtain additional financing from time to time and may choose to raise additional funds through strategic collaborations, licensing arrangements, public or private equity or debt financing, a bank line of credit, asset sales or other arrangements.  We cannot be sure that any additional funding, if needed, will be available on terms favorable to us or at all.  Furthermore, any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or equity-linked securities may dilute our current stockholders’ ownership in us and could also result in a decrease in the market price of our common stock.  The terms of those securities issued by us in future capital transactions may be more favorable to new investors and may include the issuance of warrants or other derivative securities, which may have a further dilutive effect, Furthermore, any debt financing, if available, may subject us to restrictive covenants and significant interest costs.  If we obtain funding through a strategic collaboration or licensing arrangement, we may be required to relinquish our rights to certain of our technologies, products or marketing territories.  In addition, certain investors, including institutional investors, may be unwilling to invest in our securities since our common stock is quoted on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board, or the OTCBB, and is not traded on a national securities exchange.  Our inability to raise capital when needed would harm our business, financial condition and results of operations, could cause our stock price to decline, and we may not be able to continue operating if we do not generate sufficient revenues from operations.


We may incur substantial costs in pursuing future capital financing, including investment banking fees, legal fees, accounting fees, securities law compliance fees, printing and distribution expenses and other costs. We may also be required to recognize non-cash expenses in connection with certain securities we issue, such as convertible notes and warrants, which may adversely impact our financial condition.




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If we fail to obtain necessary funds for our operations, we will be unable to maintain and improve our patented or licensed technology, and we will be unable to develop and commercialize our products and technologies.


Our present and future capital requirements depend on many factors, including:


·

the failure to obtain regulatory approval or achieve commercial success of our product candidates, which currently includes only CF101;

·

the level of research and development investment required to develop our product candidates, and maintain and improve our patented or licensed technology position;

·

the costs of obtaining or manufacturing product candidates for research and development and testing;

·

the results of preclinical and clinical testing, which can be unpredictable in product candidate development and any decision to initiate additional preclinical or clinical studies;

·

changes in product candidate development plans needed to address any difficulties that may arise in manufacturing, preclinical activities or clinical studies;

·

our success in establishing and effecting out-licensing agreements with strategic partners, the terms of these agreements and the success of these potential future licensees and partners in selling our products;

·

our success rate in preclinical and clinical efforts associated with milestones and royalties, if applicable;

·

the costs of investigating patents that might block us from developing potential product candidates;

·

the costs of recruiting and retaining qualified personnel;

·

the , costs, timing and outcomes involved in obtaining regulatory approvals;

·

the number of product candidates we pursue;

·

our revenues, if any;

·

the costs of filing, prosecuting, defending and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights;

·

our need or decision to acquire or license complementary technologies or new platform or product candidate targets; and

·

the costs of financing unanticipated working capital requirements and responding to competitive pressures.


If we are unable to obtain the funds necessary for our operations, we will be unable to maintain and improve our patented technology, and we will be unable to develop and commercialize our products and technologies, which would materially and adversely affect our business, liquidity and results of operations.


Clinical trials are very expensive, time-consuming and difficult to design and implement, and, as a result, we may suffer delays or suspensions in future trials which would have a material adverse effect on our ability to generate revenues.


Human clinical trials are very expensive and difficult to design and implement, in part because they are subject to rigorous regulatory requirements.  Regulatory authorities, such as the FDA, may preclude clinical trials from proceeding.  Additionally, the clinical trial process is time-consuming, failure can occur at any stage of the trials, and we may encounter problems that cause us to abandon or repeat clinical trials. The commencement and completion of clinical trials may be delayed by several factors, including:


·

unforeseen safety issues;

·

determination of dosing issues;

·

lack of effectiveness or efficacy during clinical trials;

·

failure of our contract manufacturers to manufacture our product candidates in accordance with cGMP;

·

failure of third party suppliers to perform final manufacturing steps for the drug substance;

·

slower than expected rates of patient recruitment and enrollment;

·

lack of healthy volunteers and patients to conduct trials;

·

inability to monitor patients adequately during or after treatment;

·

failure of third party contract research organizations to properly implement or monitor the clinical trial protocols;

·

failure of institutional review boards to approve our clinical trial protocols;

·

inability or unwillingness of medical investigators and institutional review boards to follow our clinical trial protocols; and

·

lack of sufficient funding to finance the clinical trials.


In addition, we or regulatory authorities may suspend our clinical trials at any time if it appears that we are exposing participants to unacceptable health risks or if the regulatory authorities find deficiencies in our regulatory submissions or the conduct of these trials. Any suspension of clinical trials will delay possible regulatory approval, if any, and adversely impact our ability to develop products and generate revenue.


We experienced the risks involved with conducting clinical trials recently when we announced in December 30 2013 that the phase III study of CF101 for the treatment of DES failed to reach the primary and secondary study efficacy end-points. The company is evaluating the results of this study and will provide an update on its plans for the DES indication at a later date.



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Can-Fite, which conducts our clinical trials, experienced the risks involved with conducting clinical trials, including but not limited to, increased expense and delay. For example, two Phase IIb studies in RA utilizing CF101 in combination with methotrexate, a generic drug commonly used for treating RA patients, or MTX, failed to reach their primary endpoints. Can-Fite believes that this may have been due to low A3AR expression in the subpopulation of RA patients that did not respond well to treatment with MTX. Because of their low A3AR expression, such patients also did not respond well to treatment with CF101. Can-Fite was not aware of this when it designed the studies. As such, Can-Fite conducted an additional phase IIb RA trial of CF101 as a standalone therapy in patients with A3AR expression levels above a certain threshold, and positive results from this study were announced in December 2013.


We may be forced to abandon development of certain products altogether, which will significantly impair our ability to generate product revenues.


Upon the completion of any clinical trial, if at all, the results of these trials might not support the claims sought by us.  Further, success in pre-clinical testing and early clinical trials does not ensure that later clinical trials will be successful, and the results of later clinical trials may not replicate the results of prior clinical trials and pre-clinical testing.  The clinical trial process may fail to demonstrate that our drug candidates are safe for humans and effective for indicated uses.  Any such failure may cause us to abandon a drug candidate and may delay development of other drug candidates.  Any delay in, or termination or suspension of, our clinical trials will delay the requisite filings with the FDA and, ultimately, our ability to commercialize our drug candidates and generate product revenues.  If the clinical trials do not support our drug product claims, the completion of development of such drug candidates may be significantly delayed or abandon, which will significantly impair our ability to generate product revenues and will materially adversely affect our results of operations.


We are currently completely dependent upon Can-Fite to service our operations and development activities. If, at the time we seek to establish our own operations, we are unable to attract and retain key personnel, it could adversely affect our ability to develop and market our products.


Because we currently rely on Can-Fite to manage, as an independent contractor, all activities relating to preclinical and clinical studies for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101, we cannot assure you that we will ever be able to manage these operations and activities on our own.  We do not currently have the capability of managing all activities relating to the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101. Accordingly, if Can-Fite ceases to provide such services, our business would likely be materially adversely affected.  In the future, we are planning to take control of the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101. In that event, our future success will depend in part on our ability, financially and otherwise, to identify, hire, and retain key personnel that can manage these operations.  While we intend to attempt to attract and retain key personnel to the best of our ability, some of our competitors are likely to have greater resources and more experience than we do, making it difficult for us to compete successfully for key personnel.  If we are ultimately unable to attract and retain key personnel, we likely would not be able to develop and market our products and would have to continue to rely upon Can-Fite to provide the necessary services.  If we are unable to manage these operations and Can-Fite ceases to service our operations and development activities, our ability to develop and market our products, as well as our business, financial condition and results of operations, would be materially adversely affected.


If the third parties upon whom we rely to manufacture our products are unable to timely manufacture our products in compliance with cGMP our business will be harmed.


We do not currently have the ability to manufacture the compounds that we need to conduct our clinical trials and, therefore, we rely upon, and intend to continue to rely upon, certain manufacturers to produce and supply our drug candidates (including the active pharmaceutical ingredients, or APIs) for use in clinical trials and for future sales. If such manufacturers are unable to manufacture the compounds in a timely fashion, our clinical development programs may be delayed which could have a detrimental effect on our business.


Our products are manufactured through a chemical synthesis process, and if one of our materials suppliers encounters problems manufacturing our products, our business could suffer.


The FDA and foreign regulators require manufacturers to register manufacturing facilities.  The FDA and foreign regulators also inspect these facilities to confirm compliance with cGMP or similar requirements that the FDA or foreign regulators establish.  We do not intend to engage in the manufacture of our products but our materials suppliers may face manufacturing or quality control problems causing product production and shipment delays or a situation where the supplier may not be able to maintain compliance with the FDA’s cGMP requirements, or those of foreign regulators, necessary to continue manufacturing our drug substance.  Drug manufacturers are subject to ongoing periodic unannounced inspections by the FDA, the United States Drug Enforcement Agency, or DEA, and corresponding foreign standards to ensure strict compliance with cGMP requirements and other governmental regulations and corresponding foreign standards.  Any failure to comply with DEA requirements or FDA or foreign regulatory requirements could adversely affect our clinical research activities and our ability to market and develop our products.




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If we acquire or license additional technology or product candidates, we may incur a number of costs, may have integration difficulties and may experience other risks that could harm our business and results of operations.


We may acquire and license additional product candidates and technologies. Any product candidate or technology we license from others or acquire will likely require additional development efforts prior to commercial sale, including extensive pre-clinical or clinical testing, or both, and approval by the FDA and applicable foreign regulatory authorities, if any. All product candidates are prone to risks of failure inherent in pharmaceutical product development, including the possibility that the product candidate or product developed based on licensed technology will not be shown to be sufficiently safe and effective for approval by regulatory authorities. In addition, we cannot assure you that any product candidate that we develop based on acquired or licensed technology that is granted regulatory approval will be manufactured or produced economically, successfully commercialized or widely accepted in the marketplace. Moreover, integrating any newly acquired product candidates could be expensive and time-consuming. If we cannot effectively manage these aspects of our business strategy, our business may not succeed.


We do not currently have sales, marketing or distribution capabilities or experience, and we are unable to effectively sell, market or distribute our product candidates now and we do not expect to be able to do so in the future. The failure to enter into agreements with third parties that are capable of performing these functions would have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.


We do not currently have and we do not expect to develop sales, marketing and distribution capabilities.  If we are unable to enter into agreements with third parties to perform these functions, we will not be able to successfully market any of our platforms or product candidates. In order to successfully market any of our platform or product candidates, we must make arrangements with third parties to perform these services.


As we do not intend to develop a marketing and sales force with technical expertise and supporting distribution capabilities, we will be unable to market any of our product candidates directly. To promote any of our potential products through third parties, we will have to locate acceptable third parties for these functions and enter into agreements with them on acceptable terms, and we may not be able to do so. Any third-party arrangements we are able to enter into may result in lower revenues than we could achieve by directly marketing and selling our potential products.  In addition, to the extent that we depend on third parties for marketing and distribution, any revenues we receive will depend upon the efforts of such third parties, as well as the terms of our agreements with such third parties, which cannot be predicted in most cases at this time.  As a result, we might not be able to market and sell our products in the United States or overseas, which would have a material adverse effect on us.


We depend on key members of our management and key consultants and will need to add and retain additional leading experts. Failure to retain our management and consulting team and add additional leading experts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.


We are highly dependent on our executive officers and other key management and technical personnel. Our failure to retain our Chairman, Pnina Fishman, Ph.D., who has developed much of the technology we utilize today, or any other key management and technical personnel, could have a material adverse effect on our future operations. Our success is also dependent on our ability to attract, retain and motivate highly trained technical, and management personnel, among others, to continue the development and commercialization of our current and future products.


We currently work mainly through external resources, including services via the Services Agreement with Can-Fite and the use of consultants. As such, our future success highly depends on our ability to attract, retain and motivate personnel, including contractors, required for the development, maintenance and expansion of our activities. There can be no assurance that we will be able to retain our existing personnel or attract additional qualified employees or consultants. The loss of key personnel or the inability to hire and retain additional qualified personnel in the future could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operation.


Under current U.S. and Israeli law, we may not be able to enforce employees’ covenants not to compete and therefore may be unable to prevent our competitors from benefiting from the expertise of some of our former employees.


We enter into non-competition agreements with our key employees, in most cases within the framework of their employment agreements.  As of the date of this report, we have an employment agreement with only one person, Barak Singer, our current Chief Executive Officer. These agreements prohibit our key employees, if they cease working for us, from competing directly with us or working for our competitors for a limited period. Under applicable U.S. and Israeli law, we may be unable to enforce these agreements. If we cannot enforce our non-competition agreements with our employees, then we may be unable to prevent our competitors from benefiting from the expertise of our former employees, which could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and ability to capitalize on our proprietary information.




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We face significant competition and continuous technological change, and developments by competitors may render our products or technologies obsolete or non-competitive. If we cannot successfully compete with new or existing products, our marketing and sales will suffer and we may not ever be profitable.


We will compete against fully integrated pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies and smaller companies that are collaborating with larger pharmaceutical companies, academic institutions, government agencies and other public and private research organizations. In addition, many of these competitors, either alone or together with their collaborative partners, operate larger research and development programs than we do, and have substantially greater financial resources than we do, as well as significantly greater experience in:


·

developing drugs;

·

undertaking pre-clinical testing and human clinical trials;

·

obtaining FDA, addressing various regulatory matters and other regulatory approvals of drugs;

·

formulating and manufacturing drugs; and

·

launching, marketing and selling drugs.


If our competitors develop and commercialize products faster than we do, or develop and commercialize products that are superior to our product candidates, our commercial opportunities will be reduced or eliminated. The extent to which any of our product candidates achieve market acceptance will depend on competitive factors, many of which are beyond our control. Competition in the biotechnology and biopharmaceutical industry is intense and has been accentuated by the rapid pace of technology development. Our competitors include large integrated pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies that currently have drug and target discovery efforts, universities, and public and private research institutions. Almost all of these entities have substantially greater research and development capabilities and financial, scientific, manufacturing, marketing and sales resources than we do. These organizations also compete with us to:


·

attract parties for acquisitions, joint ventures or other collaborations;

·

license proprietary technology that is competitive with the technology we are developing;

·

attract funding; and

·

attract and hire scientific talent and other qualified personal.


Our competitors may succeed in developing and commercializing products earlier and obtaining regulatory approvals from the FDA more rapidly than we do. Our competitors may also develop products or technologies that are superior to those we are developing, and render our product candidates or technologies obsolete or non-competitive. If we cannot successfully compete with new or existing products, our marketing and sales will suffer and we may not ever be profitable.


Our competitors currently include companies with marketed products and/or an advanced research and development pipeline. The competitive landscape in the ophthalmic therapeutics field includes Novartis/Alcon, Allergan, Pfizer, Roche/Genentech, Merck (which acquired Inspire Pharmaceuticals), Santen (which acquired Novagali), Bausch & Lomb (which acquired ISTA Pharmaceuticals and was recently acquired by Valeant), GlaxoSmithKline, Sanofi-Aventis (which acquired Fovea), Shire (which acquired SARcode) and more.


We may incur substantial liabilities and may be required to limit commercialization of our products in response to product liability lawsuits, which may result in substantial losses.


Any of our product candidates could cause adverse events, including injury, disease or adverse side effects. These adverse events may not be observed in clinical trials, but may nonetheless occur in the future. If any of these adverse events occur, they may render our product candidates ineffective or harmful in some patients, and our sales would suffer, materially adversely affecting our business, financial condition and results of operations.


In addition, potential adverse events caused by our product candidates could lead to product liability lawsuits. If product liability lawsuits are successfully brought against us, we may incur substantial liabilities and may be required to limit the marketing and commercialization of our product candidates. Our business exposes us to potential product liability risks, which are inherent in the testing, manufacturing, marketing and sale of pharmaceutical products. We may not be able to avoid product liability claims. Product liability insurance for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries is generally expensive, if available at all. If, at any time, we are unable to obtain sufficient insurance coverage on reasonable terms or to otherwise protect against potential product liability claims, we may be unable to clinically test, market or commercialize our product candidates. A successful product liability claim brought against us in excess of our insurance coverage, if any, may cause us to incur substantial liabilities, and, as a result, our business, liquidity and results of operations would be materially adversely affected. In addition, the existence of a product liability claim could affect the market price of our common stock.




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Although data provided by Can-Fite from a pooled analysis of 730 patients (527 CF101, 203 placebo) indicates that CF101 is safe and well-tolerated at doses up to 4.0 mg administered twice daily for up to 12 weeks, there were incidences (albeit less than or equal to five percent (5%)) of adverse events in five completed and fully analyzed trials in inflammatory disease. Such adverse events included nausea, diarrhea, constipation, common and viral syndromes (such as, tonsillitis, otitis and respiratory and urinary tract infections), myalgia, arthralgia, dizziness, headache, palpitations and pruritus. We observed an even lower incidence (less than or equal to two percent (2%)) of serious adverse events, including pancytopenia (although extensive evaluation suggests that such adverse event was associated with an inadvertent overdose of MTX), exacerbation of chronic obstructive lung disease and exacerbation of Parkinson’s Disease. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the placebo group in such studies had a higher incidence of overall adverse events than any CF101 dose group and a higher incidence of drug-related adverse events than any CF101 dose group (with the exception of the 1.0 mg group).


We may encounter difficulties in managing our growth.  Failure to manage our growth effectively will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.


We may not be able to successfully grow and expand. Successful implementation of our business plan will require management of growth, including potentially rapid and substantial growth, which will result in an increase in the level of responsibility for management personnel and place a strain on our human and capital resources. To manage growth effectively, we will be required to continue to implement and improve our operating and financial systems and controls to expand, train and manage our employee base. Our ability to manage our operations and growth effectively requires us to continue to expend funds to enhance our operational, financial and management controls, reporting systems and procedures and to attract and retain sufficient numbers of talented personnel. If we are unable to scale up and implement improvements to our control systems in an efficient or timely manner, or if we encounter deficiencies in existing systems and controls, then we will not be able to make available the products required to successfully commercialize our technology. Failure to attract and retain sufficient numbers of talented personnel will further strain our human resources and could impede our growth or result in ineffective growth. Moreover, the management, systems and controls currently in place or to be implemented may not be adequate for such growth, and the steps taken to hire personnel and to improve such systems and controls might not be sufficient. If we are unable to manage our growth effectively, it will have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.


If we are unable to obtain adequate insurance, our financial condition could be adversely affected in the event of uninsured or inadequately insured loss or damage. Our ability to effectively recruit and retain qualified officers and directors could also be adversely affected if we experience difficulty in obtaining adequate directors’ and officers’ liability insurance.


We may not be able to obtain insurance policies on terms affordable to us that would adequately insure our business and property against damage, loss or claims by third parties. To the extent our business or property suffers any damages, losses or claims by third parties, which are not covered or adequately covered by insurance, our financial condition may be materially adversely affected.


We may be unable to maintain sufficient insurance as a public company to cover liability claims made against our officers and directors. If we are unable to adequately insure our officers and directors, we may not be able to retain or recruit qualified officers and directors to manage the Company.


If we fail to maintain an effective system of internal controls, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results or detect fraud. Consequently, investors could lose confidence in our financial reporting and this may decrease the trading price of our stock.


We must maintain effective internal controls to provide reliable financial reports and detect fraud.  Our failure to properly maintain an effective system of internal controls could harm our operating results and cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information. In addition, such failure may cause us to suffer violations of the U.S. federal securities laws to the extent we are unable to maintain effective internal controls. Any such loss of confidence or violations would have a negative effect on the trading price of our stock.


Potential political, economic and military instability in the State of Israel, where key members of our senior management, our head office and the research and development facilities of Can-Fite are located, may adversely affect our results of operations.


Our head executive office and the facilities of Can-Fite, upon whom we rely for our initial research and development activities, are located in Israel. Political, economic and military conditions in Israel may directly affect our ability to conduct business. Since the State of Israel was established in 1948, a number of armed conflicts have occurred between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Any hostilities involving Israel or the interruption or curtailment of trade between Israel and its present trading partners, or a significant downturn in the economic or financial condition of Israel, could affect adversely our operations. Ongoing and revived hostilities or other Israeli political or economic factors could harm our operations and product development and cause our revenues to fail to develop or decrease if we have already begun sales.




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Recent disruptions in the financial markets and economic conditions could affect our ability to raise capital and could disrupt or delay the performance of our third-party contractors and suppliers.


In past years, the U.S. and global economies have taken a dramatic downturn as the result of the deterioration in the credit markets and related financial crisis as well as a variety of other factors including, among other things, extreme volatility in security prices, severely diminished liquidity and credit availability, ratings downgrades of certain investments and declining valuations of others. The U.S. and certain foreign governments have recently taken unprecedented actions in an attempt to address and rectify these extreme market and economic conditions by providing liquidity and stability to the financial markets.  If the actions taken by these governments are not successful, the continued economic decline may cause a significant impact on our ability to raise capital, if needed, on a timely basis and on acceptable terms or at all.  In addition, we rely and intend to rely on third-parties, including our clinical research organizations, third-party manufacturers and second source suppliers, and certain other important vendors and consultants.  As a result of the current volatile and unpredictable global economic situation, there may be a disruption or delay in the performance of our third-party contractors and suppliers. If such third-parties are unable to satisfy their contractual commitments to us, our business could be severely adversely affected.


Our current management team has little or no experience in managing and operating a publicly traded U.S. company. Any failure to comply or adequately comply with federal securities laws, rules or regulations could subject us to fines or regulatory actions, which may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.


Our current management team has little or no experience managing and operating a publicly traded U.S. company.  Failure to comply or adequately comply with any laws, rules, or regulations applicable to our business may result in fines or regulatory actions, which may materially adversely affect our business, results of operation, or financial conditions and could result in delays in achieving the development of an active and liquid trading market for our common stock.


With the exception of two of our directors, all of our current directors and officers serve as directors or officers of Can-Fite, and may have conflicts of interest in transactions or matters concerning us.


With the exception of two of our directors, all of our current directors and officers also serve as directors and/or officers of Can-Fite. Dr. Fishman, our Chairman of the Board, is the Chief Executive Officer of Can-Fite, Barak Singer, our Chief Executive Officer, is the Vice President of Business Development of Can-Fite, Itay Weinstein, our Chief Financial Officer, is the Controller for Can-Fite and Messrs. Cohn and Regev, two of our directors, are also directors of Can-Fite. These individuals have certain fiduciary obligations to us and to Can-Fite. Such dual obligations may in the future result in a conflict of interest with respect to presenting certain business, financing or other opportunities to us or to Can-Fite. More specifically, Can-Fite is investigating CF101 for treatment of RA and psoriasis while we are investigating CF101 for treatment of various ophthalmic conditions. While EyeFite has sole responsibility for preparing regulatory filings with respect to approvals of CF101 for the treatment of ophthalmic conditions, Can-Fite manages all activities relating to clinical studies for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101 as well as those for psoriasis and RA. A conflict of interest may arise concerning the timing of the parties’ planned and ongoing clinical trials, new drug application filings and the parties’ opportunities for market or data exclusivity for CF101. In addition, they may be faced with decisions that could have different implications for us than they do for Can-Fite. Consequently, we cannot assure you that the members of our Board and management would always act in our and our stockholders’ best interests in all situations where a conflict arises.


Failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operation or financial condition. In addition, current and potential stockholders could lose confidence in our financial reporting, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of our common stock.


Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. We are required to document and test our internal control procedures in order to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or Section 404, which requires annual management assessments of the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting.  In addition, if we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls, as such standards are modified, supplemented or amended from time to time, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404.  Disclosing deficiencies or weaknesses in our internal controls, failing to remediate these deficiencies or weaknesses in a timely fashion or failing to achieve and maintain an effective internal control environment may cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which could have a material adverse effect on the price of our common stock. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, our operating results could be harmed.




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As an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements.


As an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act, we are permitted to, and intend to, rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements.  We are an emerging growth company until the earliest of: (i) the last day of the fiscal year during which we had total annual gross revenues of $1 billion or more, (ii) the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of our common stock pursuant to an effective registration statement, (iii) the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt or (iv) the date on which we are deemed a “large accelerated issuer” as defined in Regulation S-K of the Securities Act.  For so long as we remain an emerging growth company, we will not be required to:


·

have an auditor report on our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act;

·

comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis);

·

submit certain executive compensation matters to shareholders advisory votes pursuant to the “say on frequency” and “say on pay” provisions (requiring a non-binding shareholder vote to approve compensation of certain executive officers) and the “say on golden parachute” provisions (requiring a non-binding shareholder vote to approve golden parachute arrangements for certain executive officers in connection with mergers and certain other business combinations) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010; and

·

include detailed compensation discussion and analysis in our filings under the Exchange Act, and instead may provide a reduced level of disclosure concerning executive compensation.


Although we intend to rely on the exemptions provided in the JOBS Act, the exact implications of the JOBS Act for us are still subject to interpretations and guidance by the SEC and other regulatory agencies.  In addition, as our business grows, we may no longer satisfy the conditions of an emerging growth company.  We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these new rules and we cannot assure you that we will be able to take advantage of all of the benefits from the JOBS Act.


In addition, as an “emerging growth company,” we may elect under the JOBS Act to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies.  Therefore, our financial statements may not be comparable to those of companies that comply with standards that are otherwise applicable to public companies.


Risks Relating to Our Intellectual Property


Our ability to pursue the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101 depends upon the continuation of our license from Can-Fite and in turn, on Can-Fite’s license from the NIH.


On November 21, 2011, we entered into a license agreement with EyeFite, our wholly-owned subsidiary, and Can-Fite, or the License Agreement, according to which Can-Fite (i) granted to EyeFite a sole and exclusive worldwide license for the use of CF101, Can-Fite’s therapeutic drug candidate, solely in the field of ophthalmic diseases and (ii) assigned to EyeFite its rights, title and interest in and to any and all INDs to CF101 in the ophthalmic field. The license granted to EyeFite allows EyeFite to sublicense its rights to CF101 to third parties, subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions. Pursuant to the License Agreement, EyeFite has sole responsibility for preparing and maintaining all regulatory documentation with respect to approvals of CF101 in the field of ophthalmic diseases and all approvals and related regulatory documentation shall be EyeFite’s sole and exclusive property. EyeFite is also required to assume responsibility for making payments to Can-Fite’s licensor, the NIH, pursuant to, and for the term of, a license agreement between Can-Fite and NIH for certain patent rights relating to CF101, including (i) a nonrefundable minimum annual royalty of $25,000, (ii) earned royalties of 4.0% to 5.5% on net sales in territories where such patents exist and (iii) additional payments ranging from $25,000 to $500,000 upon the achievement of various development milestones for each indication (including the initiation of Phase I, II and III clinical trials and regulatory approval in the United States, Europe or Japan). We estimate that a total of approximately $175,000 in such milestone payments will be payable by EyeFite to the NIH. EyeFite will also be required to make payments to the NIH of 20% of sublicensing revenues, excluding royalties and net of the required milestone payments, for the term of the license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH. If EyeFite fails to make a required payment to the NIH, Can-Fite would be entitled to terminate the license granted to EyeFite under the License Agreement upon 30-days’ prior written notice. The License Agreement will remain in effect until the expiration of the last of the patents licensed thereunder, which as of the date hereof is in 2031, unless earlier terminated by one of the parties in accordance with the License Agreement. Can-Fite may terminate the License Agreement upon certain bankruptcy and insolvency events of EyeFite and upon EyeFite’s material breach of the License Agreement, upon 30-days’ prior written notice. EyeFite may terminate the License Agreement upon three-months’ prior written notice for any reason and upon 30-days’ prior written notice for Can-Fite’s material breach of the License Agreement. All inventions resulting from the development and commercialization of CF101 under the License Agreement belong to Can-Fite, whether such were invented solely by Can-Fite, solely by EyeFite or by both entities. However, the License Agreement also grants EyeFite an exclusive license to use any such inventions in the field of ophthalmic diseases around the world for no additional consideration. If the License Agreement were terminated, we would lose our rights to develop and commercialize CF101 for the treatment of ophthalmic conditions, which would materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and future prospects.



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The License Agreement provides Can-Fite with the sole right to make elections with respect to patent term extension of or supplemental protection certificates with respect to the licensed Can-Fite patents and the sole right to seek and maintain any data exclusivity periods available for CF101. The NIH retains responsibility for maintenance of the NIH licensed patents pursuant to the license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH.


The FDA grants five years of data and market exclusivity to the first applicant to obtain approval of an NDA for a new chemical entity, or an NCE. A drug is an NCE if the FDA has not previously approved any other new drug containing the same active moiety, which is the molecule or ion responsible for the action of the drug substance. We believe CF101 is a novel compound different from any other approved product under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, and, therefore, has the potential to be regarded as an NCE. Analogous data and market exclusivity provisions, of varying duration, may be available in Europe and other foreign jurisdictions. However, the United States patent protecting CF101 expires in 2015 and at least one other company, Can-Fite, is conducting clinical trials on CF101 for non-ophthalmic indications that may lead to independent NDA filings. We cannot be certain that we will be the first applicant to obtain an FDA approval for any indication of CF101 and we cannot be certain that we will be entitled to NCE exclusivity.


The license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH imposes certain payment, reporting, confidentiality and other obligations on Can-Fite. In the event that Can-Fite was to breach any of its obligations and fail to cure, the NIH would have the right to terminate the agreement. In addition, the NIH has the right to terminate the agreement upon Can-Fite’s bankruptcy, insolvency, or receivership. Otherwise, the agreement will terminate on June 30, 2015, the date on which the last patent licensed by Can-Fite under such agreement expires. Further, the NIH retains a paid-up, worldwide license to practice the licensed inventions under the agreement with Can-Fite for government purposes and may require Can-Fite to grant sublicenses when necessary to fulfill health or safety needs and retains “march-in” rights, i.e. , the right to terminate the license, if, among other things, the invention is needed for a public use such as addressing a public health crisis or the licensee or sublicensee fails to take within a reasonable time to take effective steps to achieve practical application of the licensed invention. If any dispute arises with respect to Can-Fite’s arrangements with the NIH, such dispute may disrupt our operations and would likely have a material adverse impact on us if resolved in a manner that is unfavorable to Can-Fite.


If we fail to adequately protect or enforce or secure rights to the patents which were licensed to us or any patents we may own in the future, the value of our intellectual property rights would diminish and our business and competitive position would suffer.


Our success, competitive position, and future revenues, if any, depend in part on our ability to obtain and successfully leverage intellectual property covering our products and product candidates, know-how, methods, processes, and other technologies, to protect our trade secrets, to prevent others from using our intellectual property and to operate without infringing the intellectual property rights of third parties.


The risks and uncertainties that we face with respect to our intellectual property rights include, but are not limited to, the following:


·

the degree and range of protection any patents will afford us against competitors;

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if and when patents will issue;

·

whether or not others will obtain patents claiming aspects similar to those covered by our own or licensed patents and patent applications;

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we may be subject to interference proceedings;

·

we may be subject to opposition proceedings in foreign countries;

·

any patents that are issued may not provide meaningful protection;

·

we may not be able to develop additional proprietary technologies that are patentable;

·

other companies may challenge patents licensed or issued to us or our customers;

·

other companies may independently develop similar or alternative technologies, or duplicate our technologies;

·

other companies may design around technologies we have licensed or developed; and

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enforcement of patents is complex, uncertain and expensive; and

·

whether we will need to initiate litigation or administrative proceedings that may be costly whether we win or lose.


We do not expect that we will be able to submit an NDA seeking approval of CF101 prior to the expiration of the CF101 composition of matter patent in 2015. The lack of composition of matter patent protection may diminish our ability to maintain a proprietary position for the intended uses of CF101. Moreover, if we obtain FDA approval, we cannot be certain that we will be the first applicant to obtain an FDA approval for any indication of CF101 and we cannot be certain that we will be entitled to NCE exclusivity. Such diminution of our proprietary position could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operation and financial condition. Without composition of matter patent protection on CF101 and without NCE exclusivity, we may need to rely primarily or entirely on the Can-Fite patents licensed to us for the methods of using CF101 in the treatment of certain ophthalmic disorders as protection against our competitors.




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If patent rights covering our products and methods are not sufficiently broad, they may not provide us with any protection against competitors with similar products and technologies.  Furthermore, if the United States Patent and Trademark Office, or the USPTO, or foreign patent offices issue patents to us or our licensors, others may challenge the patents or design around the patents, or the patent office or the courts may invalidate the patents.  Thus, any patents we own or license from or to third parties may not provide any protection against our competitors.


We cannot be certain that patents will be issued as a result of any pending applications, and we cannot be certain that any of our issued patents, licensed from Can-Fite and the NIH (or any other third-party in the future), will give us adequate protection from competing products. For example, issued patents, including the patents licensed by us, may be circumvented or challenged, declared invalid or unenforceable, or narrowed in scope.


In addition, since publication of discoveries in the scientific or patent literature often lags behind actual discoveries, we cannot be certain that we were the first to make our inventions or to file patent applications covering those inventions.


It is also possible that others may obtain issued patents that could prevent us from commercializing our products or require us to obtain licenses requiring the payment of significant fees or royalties in order to enable us to conduct our business. As to those patents that we have licensed, our rights depend on maintaining our obligations to the licensor under the applicable license agreement, and we may be unable to do so.


In addition to patents and patent applications, we depend upon trade secrets and proprietary know-how to protect our proprietary technology. We require our employees, consultants, advisors and collaborators to enter into confidentiality agreements that prohibit the disclosure of confidential information to any other parties. We require our employees and consultants to disclose and assign to us their ideas, developments, discoveries and inventions. These agreements may not, however, provide adequate protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use or disclosure.


Pursuant to the License Agreement, Can-Fite has the sole right to make elections with respect to patent term extension of or supplemental protection certificates with respect to the licensed Can-Fite patents and the sole right to seek and maintain any data exclusivity periods available for CF101. The NIH retains responsibility for maintenance of the NIH licensed patents pursuant to the license agreement between Can-Fite and the NIH.


Also, pursuant to the License Agreement, Can-Fite has retained the right to prosecute and maintain the patents licensed to us.  While Can-Fite is contractually obligated to us to obtain and maintain protection for those patent rights, and is required to keep us informed of all patent-related activities, we will be dependent upon Can-Fite for the prosecution and maintenance of our licensed patents. If Can-Fite determines not to protect the intellectual property rights that we license from them we may be unable defend such intellectual property rights on our own or we may have to undertake costly litigation to defend the intellectual property rights of Can-Fite ourselves. There can be no assurances that we will continue to have proprietary rights to any of the intellectual property that we license from Can-Fite or any other third party such as the NIH, or otherwise have the right to use through similar strategic relationships. Any loss or limitations on use with respect to our right to use such licensed intellectual property could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.


Costly litigation may be necessary to protect our intellectual property rights and we may be subject to claims alleging the violation of the intellectual property rights of others.


We may face significant expense and liability as a result of litigation or other proceedings relating to patents and other intellectual property rights of others. In the event that another party has also filed a patent application or been issued a patent relating to an invention or technology claimed by us in pending applications, we may be required to participate in an interference proceeding declared by the USPTO to determine priority of invention, which could result in substantial uncertainties and costs for us, even if the eventual outcome were favorable to us. We, or our licensors, also could be required to participate in interference proceedings involving issued patents and pending applications of another entity. An adverse outcome in an interference proceeding could require us to cease using the technology or to license rights from prevailing third parties.


The cost to us of any patent litigation or other proceeding relating to our licensed patents or patent applications, even if resolved in our favor, could be substantial and could divert management’s resources and attention. Our ability to enforce our patent protection could be limited by our financial resources, and may be subject to lengthy delays. If we are unable to effectively enforce our proprietary rights, or if we are found to infringe the rights of others, we may be in breach of our License Agreement.


A third party may claim that we are using inventions claimed by their patents and may go to court to stop us from engaging in our normal operations and activities, such as research, development and the sale of any future products. Such lawsuits are expensive and would consume time and other resources. There is a risk that the court will decide that we are infringing the third party’s patents and will order us to stop the activities claimed by the patents, redesign our products or processes to avoid infringement or obtain licenses (which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms or at all). In addition, there is a risk that a court will order us to pay the other party damages for having infringed their patents.




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Moreover, there is no guarantee that any prevailing patent owner would offer us a license so that we could continue to engage in activities claimed by the patent, or that such a license, if made available to us, could be acquired on commercially acceptable terms. In addition, third parties may, in the future, assert other intellectual property infringement claims against us with respect to our product candidates, technologies or other matters. Any claims of infringement asserted against us, whether or not successful, may have a material adverse effect on us.


We rely on confidentiality agreements that could be breached and may be difficult to enforce, which could result in third parties using our intellectual property to compete against us.


Although we believe that we take reasonable steps to protect our intellectual property, including the use of agreements relating to the non-disclosure of confidential information to third parties, as well as agreements that purport to require the disclosure and assignment to us of the rights to the ideas, developments, discoveries and inventions of our employees and consultants while we employ them, the agreements can be difficult and costly to enforce. Although we seek to obtain these types of agreements from our contractors, consultants, advisors and research collaborators, to the extent that employees and consultants utilize or independently develop intellectual property in connection with any of our projects, disputes may arise as to the intellectual property rights associated with our products. If a dispute arises, a court may determine that the right belongs to a third party. In addition, enforcement of our rights can be costly and unpredictable. We also rely on trade secrets and proprietary know-how that we seek to protect in part by confidentiality agreements with our employees, contractors, consultants, advisors or others. Despite the protective measures we employ, we still face the risk that:


·

these agreements may be breached;

·

these agreements may not provide adequate remedies for the applicable type of breach;

·

our trade secrets or proprietary know-how will otherwise become known; or

·

our competitors will independently develop similar technology or proprietary information.


International patent protection is particularly uncertain, and if we are involved in opposition proceedings in foreign countries, we may have to expend substantial sums and management resources.


Patent law outside the United States is may be different than in the United States. Further, the laws of some foreign countries may not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States, if at all.  A failure to obtain sufficient intellectual property protection in any foreign country could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and future prospects.  Moreover, we may participate in opposition proceedings to determine the validity of our foreign patents or our competitors’ foreign patents, which could result in substantial costs and divert management’s resources and attention.


We license our patent rights from Can-Fite. Although most jurisdictions in which Can-Fite has applied for, intends to apply for, or has been issued patents have patent protection laws similar to those of the United States, some of them do not. For example, Can-Fite expects to do business in Brazil and India in the future. However, the Brazilian drug regulatory agency, ENVISA, has the authority to nullify patents on the basis of its perceived public interest and the Indian patent law does not allow patent protection for new uses of pharmaceuticals (many of Can-Fite’s current patent applications are of such nature). Additionally, due to uncertainty in patent protection law, Can-Fite has not filed applications in many countries where significant markets exist, including Indonesia, Pakistan, Russia, African countries and Taiwan.


Risks Related to Our Industry


We are subject to government regulations and we may experience delays or may be unsuccessful in obtaining required regulatory approvals within or outside the United States to market our proposed product candidates, and even if we obtain approval, the approved indications may impair our ability to successfully market the product or make commercial distribution not feasible.


Various aspects of our operations are subject to federal, state or local laws, rules and regulations, any of which may change from time to time. Costs arising out of any regulatory developments could be time-consuming and expensive and could divert management resources and attention and, consequently, could adversely affect our business operations and financial performance.


Delays in regulatory approval, limitations in regulatory approval and withdrawals of regulatory approval may have a material adverse effect on the Company. If we experience significant delays in testing or receiving approvals or sign-offs to conduct clinical trials, our product development costs, or our ability to license product candidates, will increase. If the FDA grants regulatory approval to market a product, this approval will be limited to those disease and conditions for which the product has demonstrated, through clinical trials, to be safe and effective. Any product approvals that we receive in the future could also include significant restrictions on the use or marketing of our products. Product approvals, if granted, can be withdrawn for failure to comply with regulatory requirements or upon the occurrence of adverse events following commercial introduction of the products. Failure to comply with applicable FDA or other applicable regulatory requirements may result in criminal prosecution, civil penalties, recall or seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production or injunction, as well as other regulatory action against our product candidates or us. If approval is withdrawn for a product, or if a product were seized or recalled, we would be unable to sell or license that product and our revenues would suffer. In addition, outside the United States, our ability to market any of our potential products is contingent upon receiving market application authorizations from the appropriate regulatory authorities. These foreign regulatory approval processes may include all of the risks associated with the FDA approval process described above, if not more.




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We expect the healthcare industry to face increased limitations on reimbursement as a result of healthcare reform, which could adversely affect third-party coverage of our products and how much or under what circumstances healthcare providers will prescribe or administer our products.


In both the United States and other countries, sales of our products will depend in part upon the availability of reimbursement from third-party payors, which include governmental authorities, managed care organizations and other private health insurers. Third-party payors are increasingly challenging the price and examining the cost effectiveness of medical products and services.


Increasing expenditures for healthcare have been the subject of considerable public attention in the United States. Both private and government entities are seeking ways to reduce or contain healthcare costs. Numerous proposals that would effect changes in the U.S. healthcare system have been introduced or proposed in Congress and in some state legislatures, including reducing reimbursement for prescription products and reducing the levels at which consumers and healthcare providers are reimbursed for purchases of pharmaceutical products.


In 2010, Congress enacted and the President signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended, or the Affordable Care Act, which will significantly expand access to health care coverage, but may lead to reduction in reimbursement for supplies, including pharmaceuticals, and services.  The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, or CMS, is in the process of issuing regulations to implement the new law which will affect Medicare, Medicaid and other third-party payors.  Medicare, which is the single largest third-party payment program and which is administered by CMS, covers prescription drugs in one of two ways. Medicare part B covers outpatient prescription drugs that are administered by physicians and Medicare part D covers other outpatient prescription drugs, but through private insurers.  Medicaid, a health insurance program for the poor, is funded jointly by CMS and the states, but is administered by the states. States are authorized to cover outpatient prescription drugs, but that coverage is subject to caps and to substantial rebates.


Although we cannot predict the full effect on our business of the implementation of existing legislation, including the Affordable Care Act or the enactment of additional legislation, we believe that legislation or regulations that reduce reimbursement for or restrict coverage of our products could adversely affect how much or under what circumstances healthcare providers will prescribe or administer our products. This could materially and adversely affect our business by reducing our ability to generate revenue, raise capital, obtain additional collaborators and market our products. In addition, we believe the increasing emphasis on managed care in the United States has and will continue to put pressure on the price and usage of pharmaceutical products, which may adversely impact product sales.


We are subject to federal anti-kickback laws and regulations. Our failure to comply with these laws and regulations could have adverse consequences to us.


There are extensive U.S. federal and state laws and regulations prohibiting fraud and abuse in the healthcare industry that can result in significant criminal and civil penalties. These federal laws include: the anti-kickback statute, which prohibits certain business practices and relationships, including the payment or receipt of remuneration for the referral of patients whose care will be paid by Medicare or other federal healthcare programs; the physician self-referral prohibition, commonly referred to as the Stark Law; the anti-inducement law, which prohibits providers from offering anything to a Medicare or Medicaid beneficiary to induce that beneficiary to use items or services covered by either program; the False Claims Act, which prohibits any person from knowingly presenting or causing to be presented false or fraudulent claims for payment by the federal government, including the Medicare and Medicaid programs; and the Civil Monetary Penalties Law, which authorizes the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to impose civil penalties administratively for fraudulent or abusive acts.


Sanctions for violating these federal laws include criminal and civil penalties that range from punitive sanctions, damage assessments, money penalties, imprisonment, denial of Medicare and Medicaid payments, or exclusion from the Medicare and Medicaid programs, or both, and debarment. As federal and state budget pressures continue, federal and state administrative agencies may also continue to escalate investigation and enforcement efforts to reduce or eliminate waste and to control fraud and abuse in governmental healthcare programs. Private enforcement of healthcare fraud has also increased, due in large part to amendments to the Civil False Claims Act in 1986, or the False Claims Act, that were designed to encourage private persons to sue on behalf of the government. The Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009 may further encourage whistleblowers to file suit under the qui tam provisions of the False Claims Act. A violation of any of these federal and state fraud and abuse laws and regulations could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and financial condition. An investigation into the use by physicians of any of our products once commercialized may dissuade physicians from either purchasing or using them, and could have a material adverse effect on our ability to commercialize those products.




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Risks Relating to Our Operations in Israel


Potential political, economic and military instability in the state of Israel, where our senior management, our head executive office and Can-Fite’s research and development facilities are located, may adversely affect our results of operations.


Our head executive office and the facilities of Can-Fite, upon whom we rely for our initial research and development activities, as well as some of our planned clinical sites and suppliers are located in Israel.  Our officers and most of our directors are residents of Israel. Accordingly, political, economic and military conditions in Israel and the surrounding region may directly affect our business and operations.  Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, a number of armed conflicts have taken place between Israel and its Arab neighbors.  Any hostilities involving Israel or the interruption or curtailment of trade within Israel or between Israel and its trading partners could adversely affect our operations and results of operations and could make it more difficult for us to raise capital. During the winter of 2012 and 2008, Israel was engaged in an armed conflict with Hamas, a militia group and political party operating in the Gaza Strip, and during the summer of 2006, Israel was engaged in an armed conflict with Hezbollah, a Lebanese Islamist Shiite militia group and political party. These conflicts involved missile strikes against civilian targets in various parts of Israel, and negatively affected business conditions in Israel. To date, Israel faces political tension with respect to its relationships with Turkey, Iran and other Arab neighbor countries. In addition, recent political uprisings and social unrest in various countries in the Middle East and North Africa are affecting the political stability of those countries. This instability may lead to deterioration of the political relationships that exist between Israel and these countries, and have raised concerns regarding security in the region and the potential for armed conflict. Any armed conflicts, terrorist activities or political instability in the region could adversely affect business conditions and could harm our results of operations. For example, any major escalation in hostilities in the region could result in a portion of our employees and service providers being called up to perform military duty for an extended period of time. Parties with whom we do business have sometimes declined to travel to Israel during periods of heightened unrest or tension, forcing us to make alternative arrangements when necessary. In addition, the political and security situation in Israel may result in parties with whom we have agreements involving performance in Israel claiming that they are not obligated to perform their commitments under those agreements pursuant to force majeure provisions in such agreements. Any future deterioration in the political and security situation in Israel will negatively impact our business.


Our commercial insurance does not cover losses that may occur as a result of events associated with the security situation in the Middle East. Although the Israeli government currently covers the reinstatement value of direct damages that are caused by terrorist attacks or acts of war, we cannot assure you that this government coverage will be maintained. Any losses or damages incurred by us could have a material adverse effect on our business. Any armed conflicts or political instability in the region would likely negatively affect business conditions and could harm our results of operations.


Further, in the past, the State of Israel and Israeli companies have been subjected to an economic boycott. Several countries still restrict business with the State of Israel and with Israeli companies. These restrictive laws and policies may have an adverse impact on our operating results, financial condition or the expansion of our business.


Our operations may be disrupted as a result of the obligation of Israeli citizens to perform military service.


Many Israeli citizens are obligated to perform one month, and in some cases more, of annual military reserve duty until they reach the age of 45 (or older, for reservists with certain occupations) and, in the event of a military conflict, may be called to active duty. In response to increases in terrorist activity, there have been periods of significant call-ups of military reservists. It is possible that there will be military reserve duty call-ups in the future. Our operations could be disrupted by such call-ups, which may include the call-up of members of our management. Such disruption could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.


Investors may have difficulties enforcing a U.S. judgment, including judgments based upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws against us, Eyefite, and both companies’ executive officers and directors or asserting U.S. securities laws claims in Israel.


Eyefite’s directors and officers, as well as most of our directors and officers, are not residents of the United States and some of their, our and Eyefite’s assets are located outside the United States.  Service of process upon Eyefite’s or our non-U.S. resident directors and officers and enforcement of judgments obtained in the United States against us or Eyefite, and some of our directors and executive officers may be difficult to obtain within the United States.  The Company and Eyefite have been informed by their legal counsel in Israel that it may be difficult to assert claims under U.S. securities laws in original actions instituted in Israel or obtain a judgment based on the civil liability provisions of U.S. federal securities laws.  Israeli courts may refuse to hear a claim based on a violation of U.S. securities laws against us or Eyefite or our respective officers and directors because Israel may not be the most appropriate forum to bring such a claim.  In addition, even if an Israeli court agrees to hear a claim, it may determine that Israeli law and not U.S. law is applicable to the claim.  If U.S. law is found to be applicable, the content of applicable U.S. law must be proved as a fact, which can be a time-consuming and costly process.  Certain matters of procedure will also be governed by Israeli law.  There is little binding case law in Israel addressing the matters described above.  Israeli courts might not enforce judgments rendered outside Israel, which may make it difficult to collect on judgments rendered against us, Eyefite and/or our respective officers and directors.  




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Moreover, among other reasons, including but not limited to, fraud, a lack of due process, a judgment which is at variance with another judgment that was given in the same matter and if a suit in the same matter between the same parties was pending before a court or tribunal in Israel, an Israeli court will not enforce a foreign judgment if it was given in a state whose laws do not provide for the enforcement of judgments of Israeli courts (subject to exceptional cases) or if its enforcement is likely to prejudice the sovereignty or security of the State of Israel.  


Because a certain portion of our expenses is incurred in currencies other than the US Dollar, our results of operations may be harmed by currency fluctuations and inflation.


Our reporting and functional currency is the U.S. Dollar, but some portion of our clinical trials and operations expenses are in NIS and Euro. As a result, we are exposed to some currency fluctuation risks. We may, in the future, decide to enter into currency hedging transactions to decrease the risk of financial exposure from fluctuations in the exchange rate of the currencies mentioned above in relation to the US Dollar. These measures, however, may not adequately protect us from adverse effects.


Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock


We have not paid, and do not intend to pay, dividends on our common stock and therefore, unless our common stock appreciates in value, our investors may not benefit from holding our common stock.


We have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock since inception.  We do not anticipate paying any cash dividends our common stock in the foreseeable future.  As a result, investors in our common stock will not be able to benefit from owning our common stock unless the market price of our common stock becomes greater than the price paid for the stock by these investors.


The public trading market for our common stock is volatile and may result in higher spreads in stock prices, which may limit the ability of our investors to sell their shares at a profit, if at all.


Our common stock trades in the over-the-counter market and is quoted on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board, or the OTCBB, and in the Over-the-Counter Markets on the OTCQB.  The over-the-counter market for securities has historically experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations during certain periods.  These broad market fluctuations may adversely affect the market price of our common stock and result in substantial losses to our investors. In addition, the spreads on stock traded through the over-the-counter market are generally unregulated and higher than on stock exchanges, which means that the difference between the price at which shares could be purchased by investors in the over-the-counter market compared to the price at which they could be subsequently sold would be greater than on these exchanges.  Significant spreads between the bid and asked prices of the stock could continue during any period in which a sufficient volume of trading is unavailable or if the stock is quoted by an insignificant number of market makers.  Historically our trading volume has been insufficient to significantly reduce this spread and we have had a limited number of market makers sufficient to affect this spread.  These higher spreads could adversely affect investors who purchase the shares at the higher price at which the shares are sold, but subsequently sell the shares at the lower bid prices quoted by the brokers.  Unless the bid price for the stock exceeds the price paid for the shares by the investor, plus brokerage commissions or charges, the investor could lose money on the sale.  For higher spreads such as those on over-the-counter stocks, this is likely a much greater percentage of the price of the stock than for exchange listed stocks.  There is no assurance that at the time an investor in our common stock wishes to sell the shares, the bid price will have sufficiently increased to create a profit on the sale.


We do not know whether a market for our common stock will be sustained or what the market price of our common stock will be and as a result it may be difficult for investors to sell their shares of our common stock.


Although our common stock now trades on the OTCBB and OTCQB, an active trading market for our shares may not be sustained. It may be difficult for investors to sell their shares without depressing the market price for the shares or at all. As a result of these and other factors, investors may not be able to sell their shares at or above the offering price or at all. Further, an inactive market may also impair our ability to raise capital by selling shares of our common stock and may impair our ability to enter into strategic partnerships or acquire companies or products by using our shares of common stock as consideration. If an active market for our common stock does not develop or is not sustained, it may be difficult to sell your common stock.




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Our Board can, without stockholder approval, cause preferred stock to be issued on terms that adversely affect common stockholders or which could be used to resist a potential take-over of the Company.


Under our certificate of incorporation, our Board is authorized to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, none of which are issued and outstanding as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Also, our Board, without stockholder approval, may determine the price, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, of those shares.  If the Board causes shares of preferred stock to be issued, the rights of the holders of our common stock could be adversely affected.  The Board’s ability to determine the terms of preferred stock and to cause its issuance, while providing desirable flexibility in connection with possible acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third party to acquire a majority of our outstanding voting stock.  Preferred shares issued by the Board could include voting rights, or even super voting rights, which could shift the ability to control the Company to the holders of the preferred stock.  Preferred shares could also have conversion rights into shares of common stock at a discount to the market price of the common stock which could negatively affect the market for our common stock.  In addition, preferred shares would have preference in the event of liquidation of the corporation, which means that the holders of preferred shares would be entitled to receive the net assets of the corporation distributed in liquidation before the common stock holders receive any distribution of the liquidated assets.  We have no current plans to issue any shares of preferred stock.


The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly, which could result in substantial losses by our investors.


The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control, such as:


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announcements of technological innovations, new products or product enhancements by us or others;

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announcements by us of significant strategic partnerships, out-licensing, in-licensing, joint ventures, acquisitions or capital commitments;

·

expiration or terminations of licenses, research contracts or other collaboration agreements;

·

public concern as to the safety of drugs we, our licensees or others develop;

·

success of research and development projects;

·

success in clinical and preclinical studies;

·

developments concerning intellectual property rights or regulatory approvals;

·

variations in our and our competitors’ results of operations;

·

changes in earnings estimates or recommendations by securities analysts, if our common stock is covered by analysts;

·

changes in government regulations or patent decisions;

·

developments by our licensees;

·

developments in the biotechnology industry;

·

the results of product liability or intellectual property lawsuits;

·

future issuances of common stock or other securities;

·

the addition or departure of key personnel;

·

announcements by us or our competitors of acquisitions, investments or strategic alliances;

·

general market conditions, including the volatility of market prices for shares of biotechnology companies generally, and other factors, including factors unrelated to our operating performance; and

·

the other factors described in this “Risk Factors” section.


These factors and any corresponding price fluctuations may materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock and result in substantial losses by our investors.


Further, the stock market in general, and the market for biotechnology companies in particular, has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations in the past.  Continued market fluctuations could result in extreme volatility in the price of our common stock, which could cause a decline in the value of our common stock.  Price volatility of our common stock might be worse if the trading volume of our common stock is low.   In the past, following periods of market volatility, stockholders have often instituted securities class action litigation. If we were involved in securities litigation, it could have a substantial cost and divert resources and attention of management from our business, even if we are successful.  Future sales of our common stocks could also reduce the market price of such stock.


Moreover, the liquidity of our common stock is limited, not only in terms of the number of shares that can be bought and sold at a given price, but by delays in the timing of transactions and reduction in security analysts’ and the media’s coverage of us, if any.  These factors may result in lower prices for our common stock than might otherwise be obtained and could also result in a larger spread between the bid and ask prices for our common stock.  In addition, without a large float, our common stock is less liquid than the stock of companies with broader public ownership and, as a result, the trading prices of our common stock may be more volatile.  In the absence of an active public trading market, an investor may be unable to liquidate its investment in our common stock.  Trading of a relatively small volume of our common stock may have a greater impact on the trading price of our stock than would be the case if our public float were larger.  We cannot predict the prices at which our common stock will trade in the future.




45



Some or all of the “restricted” shares of our common stock issued in connection with the Transaction or held by other of our stockholders may be offered from time to time in the open market pursuant to an effective registration statement or Rule 144 promulgated under Regulation D of the Securities Act, and these sales may have a depressive effect on the market for our common stock.


Raising additional capital by issuing securities may cause dilution to existing stockholders.


We may need to raise substantial future capital to continue to complete clinical development and commercialize our products and product candidates and to conduct the research and development and clinical and regulatory activities necessary to bring our product candidates to market.


If we raise additional funds through licensing arrangements with third parties, we may have to relinquish valuable rights to our product candidates, or grant licenses on terms that are not favorable to us. If we raise additional funds by issuing equity or convertible debt securities, we will reduce the percentage ownership of our then-existing stockholders, and these securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of our existing stockholders.


Because our common stock may be a “penny stock,” it may be more difficult for investors to sell shares of our common stock, and the market price of our common stock may be adversely affected.


Our common stock may be a “penny stock” if, among other things, the stock price is below $5.00 per share, it is not listed on a national securities exchange or it has not met certain net tangible asset or average revenue requirements.  Broker-dealers who sell penny stocks must provide purchasers of these stocks with a standardized risk-disclosure document prepared by the SEC.  This document provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks involved in investing in the penny-stock market.  A broker must also give a purchaser, orally or in writing, bid and offer quotations and information regarding broker and salesperson compensation, make a written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser, and obtain the purchaser’s written agreement to the purchase.  Broker-dealers must also provide customers that hold penny stock in their accounts with such broker-dealer a monthly statement containing price and market information relating to the penny stock.  If a penny stock is sold to an investor in violation of the penny stock rules, the investor may be able to cancel its purchase and get its money back.


If applicable, the penny stock rules may make it difficult for investors to sell their shares of our common stock.  Because of the rules and restrictions applicable to a penny stock, there is less trading in penny stocks and the market price of our common stock may be adversely affected.  Also, many brokers choose not to participate in penny stock transactions.  Accordingly, investors may not always be able to resell their shares of our common stock publicly at times and prices that they feel are appropriate.


ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.


Not applicable.


ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES.


The Company’s principal executive offices are located at 10 Bareket St, Petach Tikva, Israel, 4951778, which is also the office of Can-Fite, our majority stockholder.  


ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.


Neither the Company nor its subsidiary, Eyefite, is a party to, nor is any of their property subject to, any legal proceedings which require disclosure pursuant to this item.


ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.


Not applicable.

PART II


ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.


Market Information


Our Common Stock is quoted on the OTCBB and on the OTCQB Markets under the symbol “OPLI.”  On August 6, 2013, the reverse stock split with respect to our common stock at a ratio of one-for-four and one-half, or 1:4.5  became effective.  The Reverse Split is reflected in the Third and Fourth Quarters for 2013 in the table below.



46




 

 

CLOSING BID

 

CLOSING ASK

2012

 

HIGH

 

LOW

 

HIGH

 

LOW

First Quarter

 

3.20

 

1.40

 

3.35

 

1.90

Second Quarter

 

2.25

 

1.25

 

3.30

 

2.89

Third Quarter

 

2.12

 

.13

 

2.96

 

2.00

Fourth Quarter

 

1.50

 

.13

 

2.37

 

.975


 

 

CLOSING BID

 

CLOSING ASK

2013

 

HIGH

 

LOW

 

HIGH

 

LOW

First Quarter

 

1.20

 

.40

 

1.50

 

.98

Second Quarter

 

1.00

 

.52

 

1.55

 

.9585

Third Quarter

 

5.00

 

.52

 

7.00

 

1.15

Fourth Quarter

 

6.00

 

1.25

 

8.00

 

1.80


The above quotations, as provided by OTC Markets Group, Inc., reflect inter-dealer prices and do not include retail markup, markdown or commissions.  In addition, these quotations may not necessarily represent actual transactions.


Holders


As of March 27, 2014, there were approximately 15 stockholders of record holding 10,441,251 shares of our common stock. This number does not include an indeterminate number of stockholders whose shares are held by brokers in street name.  The holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders.  Holders of our common stock have no preemptive rights and no right to convert their common stock into any other securities.  There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock.


Dividends


We have not paid, nor declared, any cash dividends since our inception in 1999 and do not intend to declare or pay any such dividends in the foreseeable future.  Our ability to pay cash dividends is subject to limitations imposed by state law.


Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans


The information required by Item 201(d) of Regulation S-K is included under the caption “Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.


ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.


As a “smaller reporting company”, we have elected not to provide the disclosure required by this item.


ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.


Plan of Operation


The Company did not generate any revenue in 2013 and does not expect to generate any revenues over the next 12 months.  Through our subsidiary, Eyefite, which holds all the intellectual property related to our technology, we are developing therapeutic products for the treatment of ophthalmic disorders.  As of December 31, 2013, we had $422,000 in cash and cash equivalents.  We also had 446,827 ordinary shares of Can-Fite (traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange) presented in the Balance Sheet as $1,175,000. Although we can provide no assurances, we believe that such funds will be sufficient to continue our business and operations as currently conducted.  However, we will require significant additional financing in the future to fund our operations beyond 2015 .  See Item 1A. “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Company and Its Business.”  In addition, in February, 2013, we obtained a formal letter from Can-Fite stating that Can-Fite would defer receiving payments owed to it under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by the Company. Any such deferred payments will bear interest at a rate of 3% per annum from the due date of each invoice issued by Can-Fite to the Company until the time the Company makes such deferred payments. For a long term solution, including financing our activities during 2015, we will need to seek additional capital for the purpose of further testing our products, managing our business and obtaining certifications necessary in order to market them.  




47



Results of Operations


For the period from June 27, 2011 (the inception date of Eyefite) to December 31, 2013, we did not generate any revenues from operations.  Operation expenses during the period from June 27, 2011 to December 31, 2013 were $6,132,000 with finance net income of $31,000 for a net loss of $6,101,000.  Operation expenses for the period mentioned above consisted of research and development of $3,802,000 and of general and administrative expenses of $2,330,000.  These general and administrative expenses were primarily due to professional, legal and accounting fees relating to our reporting requirements and of directors and management stock based compensation.  The finance net income was primarily due to a change in fair value of derivatives.


For the year ended December 31, 2013, we did not generate any revenues from operations. Operation expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $3,270,000 with finance net income of $433,000 for a net loss of $2,837,000.  Operation expenses for the period mentioned above consisted of research and development expenses of $1,759,000 and of general and administrative expenses of $1,511,000. These general and administrative expenses were primarily due to directors and management stock based compensation, professional, legal and accounting fees relating to filing Form S-1 and our reporting requirements.  The finance net income was primarily due to a change in fair value of derivatives.


We did not generate any revenues from operations during the year ended December 31, 2012.  Operation expenses for the year ended December 31, 2012 were $2,511,000 with finance net income of $648,000 for a net loss of $1,863,000. Operation expenses for the period mentioned above consisted of research and development expenses of $1,827,000 and of general and administrative expenses of $684,000. These operation expenses were primarily due to professional, legal and accounting fees relating to our reporting requirements. The finance net income was primarily due to a change in the fair value of our derivatives.


We are a development stage company and it is not possible for us to predict with any degree of accuracy the outcome of our research, development or commercialization efforts. As such, it is not possible for us to predict with any degree of accuracy any significant trends, uncertainties, demands, commitments or events that are reasonably likely to have a material effect on our net sales or revenues, income from continuing operations, profitability, liquidity or capital resources, or that would cause financial information to not necessarily be indicative of future operating results or financial condition. However, to the extent possible, certain trends, uncertainties, demands, commitments and events are identified in the preceding paragraphs.


Liquidity and Capital Resources


Since the Transaction, we have funded our operations primarily through the private placement of shares of our common stock which took place on November 21, 2011, the closing date of the Transaction. In such private placement, the Company raised approximately $3,500,000 in net proceeds after the deduction of offering expenses. On December 31, 2013, we held approximately $422,000 in cash and cash equivalents. Net cash used in operating activities was approximately $814,000 for the year ended December 31, 2013, compared with net cash used in operating activities of approximately $2,714,000 for the year ended December 31, 2012. The decrease in net cash used in operating activities during 2013 as compared to 2012, was primarily the result of deferring payments owed to Can-Fite under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications.


Net cash provided by investing activities for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, were $509,000 and zero, respectively. The increase in net cash provided by investing activities during 2013 as compared to previous year was primary due to the sale of Can-Fite shares on June 17, 2013.


There was no net cash provided by financing activities for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.


Developing drugs, conducting clinical trials and commercializing products is expensive and we will need to raise substantial additional funds to achieve our strategic objectives. Although we believe our existing cash resources and our letter from our parent Company will be sufficient to fund our current projected cash requirements to operate our business as currently conducted, we will require significant additional financing in the future to fund our operations beyond 2015.  See Item 1A. “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Company and Its Business.”  Additional financing may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including:


·

the failure to obtain regulatory approval or achieve commercial success of our product candidates, which currently includes only CF101;

·

the level of research and development investment required to develop our product candidates, and maintain and improve our patented or licensed technology position;

·

the costs of obtaining or manufacturing product candidates for research and development and testing;

·

the results of preclinical and clinical testing, which can be unpredictable in product candidate development and any decision to initiate additional preclinical or clinical studies;



48




·

changes in product candidate development plans needed to address any difficulties that may arise in manufacturing, preclinical activities or clinical studies;

·

our success in establishing and effecting out-licensing agreements with strategic partners, the terms of these agreements and the success of these potential future licensees and partners in selling our products;

·

our success rate in preclinical and clinical efforts associated with milestones and royalties, if applicable;

·

the costs of investigating patents that might block us from developing potential product candidates;

·

the costs of recruiting and retaining qualified personnel;

·

the costs, timing and outcomes involved in obtaining regulatory approvals;

·

the number of product candidates we pursue;

·

our revenues, if any;

·

the costs of filing, prosecuting, defending and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights;

·

our need or decision to acquire or license complementary technologies or new platform or product candidate targets; and

·

the costs of financing unanticipated working capital requirements and responding to competitive pressures.


Until we can generate significant continuing revenues, we expect to satisfy our future cash needs through debt or equity financings, or by out-licensing our product candidate. We cannot be certain that additional funding will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all.  If funds are not available, we may be required to delay, reduce the scope of, or eliminate one or more of our research or development programs or our commercialization efforts.


We are addressing our liquidity issues by implementing initiatives to raise additional funds as well as other measures that we believe will allow the coverage of our anticipated budget deficit. Such initiatives may include monetizing of our assets, by intention to realize our investment in Can-Fite's shares.


In addition, in February 2013, we received a formal letter from Can-Fite agreeing to defer payments owed to it under the Services Agreement beginning on January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by the Company. Any such deferred payments will bear interest at a rate of 3% per annum from the due date of each invoice issued by Can-Fite to the Company until the time of payment by the Company.  We believe that the ability to defer such payments will assist us in addressing our liquidity needs.   


There can be no assurance that additional capital will be available to us.  We currently have no agreements, arrangements, or understandings with any person to obtain funds through bank loans, lines of credit, or any other sources, other than the formal letter from Can-Fite agreeing to defer payments owed to it under the Services Agreement, as detailed above under “Plan of Operation”. Since we have no such arrangements or plans currently in effect, our inability to raise funds for the above purposes will have a severe negative impact on our ability to remain a viable company beyond 2015.  See Item 1A. “Risk Factors—Risks Related to the Company and Its Business.”  As of the date of this report, we have no material capital commitments.


During the prior two fiscal years, changes in inflation and other price changes did not materially affect our financial condition, business or operations.


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements


We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our consolidated financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity capital expenditures or capital resources.


Reverse Recapitalization


The Transaction was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization which is outside the scope ASC 805, Business Combinations.  Under reverse recapitalization accounting, Eyefite is considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes, and acquired the assets and assumed the liabilities of the Company.  Assets acquired and liabilities assumed are reported at their historical amounts.  As a result, the consolidated financial statements of the legal parent company should represent a continuation of the acquirer for accounting purposes together with a deemed issuance of shares, equivalent to the shares held by the former stockholders of the legal parent company and a recapitalization at the equity of the accounting acquirer.  Additionally, the income statement for the period reflects the accounting acquirer for the full period together with the post acquisition results of the parent company, here OphthaliX.  These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company since the effective date of the reverse recapitalization and the accounts of Eyefite since inception.




49



Critical Accounting Policies


We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., or GAAP. In doing so, we must make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets, liabilities, and expenses, as well as related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. In some cases, we could reasonably have used different accounting policies and estimates. Changes in the accounting estimates are reasonably likely to occur from period to period. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from our estimates. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and actual results, our financial condition or results of operations will be affected. We base our estimates on past experience and other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, and we evaluate these estimates on an ongoing basis. We refer to accounting estimates of this type as critical accounting policies and estimates, which we discuss further below. We have reviewed our critical accounting policies and estimates with our Board.


Holdings in Can-Fite:


In accordance with ASC320, an accounting for the Company’s investment in the equity securities depends on the remaining period of the tradability restriction in its respective market of the shares.


Shares that are restricted for less than one year should be re-measured to reflect fair value each cutoff date.  These securities are classified as available-for-sale securities carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity under accumulated other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheet.


For investments classified as available-for-sale securities, unrealized gains and losses are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income, a separate component of stockholders’ equity, realized gains and losses on sales of available-for-sale securities, as determined on a specific identification basis, are included in the consolidated statement of operations.


The Company recognizes an impairment charge when a decline in the fair value of its investments in debt securities is below the cost basis of such securities is judged to be other-than-temporary.  Factors considered in making such a determination include the duration and severity of the impairment, the reason for the decline in value, the potential recovery period and the Company’s intent to sell, including whether it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the investment before recovery of cost basis.  For securities that are deemed other-than-temporarily impaired, the amount of impairment is recognized in “other than temporary impairment, net of gain on sale of marketable securities previously impaired” in the statement of income and is limited to the amount related to credit losses, while impairment related to other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income. During 2012, the Company recorded other than temporary impairment charge of $323,000.


The Company currently holds 446,827 shares of Can-Fite’s issued and outstanding ordinary shares which 178,730 of them still have certain resale restriction provisions.  Such restrictions provide that these shares may be sold as follows: 89,365 shares, not before May 21, 2014; and 89,366 shares, not before August 21, 2014; provided that, the amount to be sold on any one day may not exceed the average daily trading volume during the eight-week period preceding such sale.


As of December 31, 2013, the Company holds $1,175,000 in marketable securities classified in short term assets, designated as available-for-sale.


Because part of our investment in Can-Fite's shares is restricted, the Company needs to adjust the restricted shares' fair value in order to reflect such restriction on such shares’ price. In estimating the fair value of the Can-Fite restricted shares held by the Company, the Company used Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions as of December 31, 2013, and December 31, 2012: risk-free interest rates ranging from 0.89% to 0.93% and 1.66% to 1.74%; dividend yields of 0%; volatility factors of 77.4% and 77.06%; and a weighted-average contractual life of the restricted shares of between 0.14 to 0.64 years and 0.14 to 0.89.


As a result, the fair value of the Can-Fite shares held by the Company on the transaction date reflects the resale restrictions.  The fair value of these shares based on an external expert’s valuation as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $1,175,000 and $1,229,000 respectively.  For accounting purposes their fair value represents a discount of their shares’ market value of $111,000 and $366,000, respectively.




50



Income Taxes


The Company and its subsidiary account for income taxes and uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740, “Income Taxes”.  ASC 740 prescribes the use of the liability method whereby deferred tax assets and liability account balances are determined based on the differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse.


The Company and its subsidiary provide a full valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that are more likely-than-not to be realized.


The Company adopted ASC 740-10. ASC 740-10 contains a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions accounted for in accordance with ASC 740.  The first step is to evaluate the tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that, on an evaluation of the technical merits, the tax position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes.  The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement.  As of December 31, 2013, this standard has no effect to the Company’s financial statements.


Concentrations of Credit Risk


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, short-term bank deposits, marketable securities, trade receivables and other account receivables.


Cash and cash equivalents are deposited with major banks in Israel.  Such deposits in the United States may be in excess of insured limits and are not insured in other jurisdictions.  Management believes that the financial institutions that hold the Company’s investments are institutions with high credit standing, and accordingly, minimal credit risk exists with respect to these investments.


Derivative Related to Services Agreement


In connection with the recapitalization transaction described in Note 1.b of the consolidated financial statements, on November 21, 2011, the Company entered into the Services Agreement.


According to the Services Agreement, as additional consideration for its services, the Company agreed to pay to CanFite additional fees (“Additional Fees") equal to 2.5% of any revenues received by the Company (or any affiliate of the Company including its wholly owned subsidiary, Eyefite) for rights to CF101 from third-party sublicensees (including up front payments, developmental or commercial milestones, royalties on net sales and any similar payments, but not including payments to support or reimburse the Company for research, development, manufacturing or commercial expenses or for equity).  Can-Fite has the right, at any time from November 21, 2011, until the fifth year anniversary thereof, to convert its Additional Fees right for royalties into a warrant (the “Warrant”) to purchase 480,022 shares of common stock of the Company.  The exercise price for the Warrant is an aggregate of $2.5 million, based on a per share exercise price of $5.148. The Warrant may also be exercised on a cashless basis.


The Company’s management has considered ASC 815 in order to evaluate whether the Exchange Right (contingent call option to holders) instrument is a financial instrument that has the characteristics of a derivative.  In particular, the Company’s management has also evaluated ASC 815-10-15-74(a) scope exception.


Based on the analysis above, the Company’s management concluded that the Exchange Right does not have fixed settlement provisions, and therefore, should be classified as a liability at inception.  The Exchange Right will be re-measured at fair value each reporting period until the date of exercise or expiration with the change in value reported in the statement of operations (as part of financial income/expenses).


Consequently, the Company recorded as part of the recapitalization transaction a liability related to the Exchange Right in the amount of $438,000 based on its fair value on November 21, 2011.  Issuance expenses that were allocated to this component, which amounted to $50,000, were expensed immediately and are included as part of financial expenses in the consolidated statements of operations (see Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements for the re-measurement at year end).


The fair value of the derivatives was determined using the binomial option-pricing model.  This option-pricing model requires a number of assumptions, of which the most significant are the expected stock price volatility and the expected term.


The fair value of the Derivative as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 amounted to $7,000 and $470,000 respectively, was determined using the binomial option-pricing model. The aforementioned option-pricing model requires a number of assumptions, of which most significant are the expected stock price volatility and the expected term.




51



The Company considers an active market to be one in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis, and views an inactive market as one in which there are few transactions for the asset or liability, the prices are not current, or price quotations vary substantially either over time or among market makers.  Since the quoted market value of the Company’s Common Stock was based on a sporadically traded stock with little or no volume, the Company's management determined the Company's stock price fair value based on ASC 820 Fair Value Measurement using the income approach assisted by a third party specialist. Consequently, the Company used the estimates stock price fair value in the underlying assumptions of the computation of the fair value of the derivative related to the Service Agreement.


Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation


We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" ("ASC 718"). ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of equity-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense over the requisite service periods in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.


We recognizes compensation expenses for the value of its awards granted based on the accelerate recognition method over the requisite service period of each of the awards, net of estimated forfeitures. ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.


We estimate the fair value of stock options granted using the common option-pricing models (i.e. the Black-Scholes model and the Binomial model). These option-pricing models require a number of assumptions, of which the most significant are the expected stock price volatility and the expected option term. Expected volatility was calculated based upon historical volatilities of similar entities in the related sector index.


Under the 2012 Plan, we may grant, among other awards, stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units of the Company to our officers, directors, employees and consultants. See “Executive Compensation — Equity Awards”.


ITEM 7A.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.


As a “smaller reporting company”, we have elected not to provide the disclosure required by this item.


ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.


The required financial statements are included following the signature page of this Form 10-K.


ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.


Disclosure in response to this item is incorporated herein by reference to Item 4.01 of Form 8-K dated November 29, 2011, and filed with the Commission on December 5, 2011.


ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.


Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures


Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report (based on the evaluation of these controls and procedures required by Rule 13a-15(b) of the Exchange Act) were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  We believe that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, cannot provide absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.




52



Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting


Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of our company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.


Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.  Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


Management assessed our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013, the end of our fiscal year.  Management based its assessment on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.  Management’s assessment included evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies, and our overall control environment.


Based on our assessment, management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective, as of the end of the fiscal year, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.


Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting


There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2013, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


ITEM 9B.  OTHER INFORMATION


None.


PART III


ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE.


The information required by Item 10 is included under the captions “Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance,” “Audit and Compensation Committees” “Nominating Procedures “ and “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.


ITEM 11.  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


The information required by Item 11 is included under the captions “Executive Compensation Summary,” “Equity Awards,” “Compensation Committee,” “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation,” “Compensation Committee Report” and “Director Compensation” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.


ITEM 12.  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.


The information required by Item 12 is included under the captions “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” and “Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.




53



ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE.


The information required by Item 13 is included under the captions “Director Independence” and “Related Person Transactions” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.


ITEM 14.  PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES.


The information required by Item 14 is included under the caption “Fees Paid” and “Audit Committee” in our definitive information statement, which will be filed with the Commission within 120 days after the close of the fiscal year, and is incorporated herein by reference.


PART IV


ITEM 15.  EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.


(a)

Financial Statements Index


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting firms

Consolidated Balance Sheets, December 31, 2013 and 2012

Consolidated Statements of Operations, for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and from June 27, 2011 (the  “Inception of the Development Stage”) through December 31, 2013

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity from the Inception of the Development Stage through December 31, 2013

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, for the years ended December 31, 2013  and 2012 and from the Inception of the Development Stage through  December 31, 2013

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


(b)

Exhibits


Exhibit Number

 

Exhibit Description

 

Form

 

File No.

 

Exhibit

 

Filing Date

 

Filed Here-with

2.1

 

Acquisition Agreement, dated November 21, 2011, with Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd.

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

2.1

 

11/23/11

 

 

2.2

 

Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated February 24, 2012

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

2.1

 

4/5/12

 

 

3.1

 

Certificate of Incorporation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

3.2

 

Current Bylaws

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

3.1

 

5/10/13

 

 

3.3

 

Delaware Certificate of Merger

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

3.3

 

4/5/12

 

 

3.4

 

Nevada Articles of Merger

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

3.4

 

4/5/12

 

 

4.1

 

Specimen Common Stock Certificate

 

10-K

 

000-52545

 

4.1

 

3/30/12

 

 

10.1

 

Warrant dated November 21, 2011 to Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd. for 480,022 shares

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

4.1

 

11/23/11

 

 

10.2

 

Stock Purchase Agreement, dated November 21, 2011, with Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd.

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

10.1

 

11/23/11

 

 

10.3

 

License Agreement, dated November 21, 2011, between Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd. and Eyefite Ltd.

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

10.2

 

11/23/11

 

 

10.4

 

Services Agreement, dated November 21, 2011, by and among Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd., Eyefite Ltd. and the Company

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

10.3

 

11/23/11

 

 

10.5

 

2012 Stock Incentive Plan*

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

4.1

 

2/9/12

 

 

10.6

 

2012 Stock Incentive Plan, Annex A*

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

99.1

 

3/8/13

 

 

10.6

 

Option Agreement dated November 21, 2011, with Jacob Wonsover*

 

10-K

 

000-52545

 

10.6

 

3/30/12

 

 

10.7

 

Option Agreement dated November 21, 2011, with Traum-Urlaub, Inc.*

 

10-K

 

000-52545

 

10.7

 

3/30/12

 

 

10.8

 

Agreement dated February 2, 2012, with Roger Kornberg*

 

10-K

 

000-52545

 

10.8

 

3/30/12

 

 

10.9

 

Employment and Non-Competition Agreement dated February 22, 2011 by and between Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd. and Barak Singer*

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

99.1

 

3/1/13

 

 



54




10.10

 

Amendment to Employment and Non-Competition Agreement dated February 28, 2013 by and among Can-Fite Biopharma Ltd., OphthaliX Inc. and Barak Singer*

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

99.2

 

3/1/13

 

 

10.11

 

Singer Option Grant Form

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

99.1

 

4/26/13

 

 

10.12

 

Insider Trading Policy

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

99.1

 

5/10/13

 

 

10.13

 

Belkin Option Grant Form

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

16.1

 

Letter from R.R. Hawkins & Associates International to the Securities and Exchange Commission dated December 5, 2011.

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

16.1

 

12/5/11

 

 

21.1

 

Subsidiaries

 

8-K

 

000-52545

 

16.1

 

11/23/11

 

 

31.1

 

Rule 15d-14(a) Certification by Principal Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

31.2

 

Rule 15d-14(a) Certification by Principal Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification of Principal Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

32.2

 

Section 1350 Certification of Principal Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X


*Management contract, or compensatory plan or arrangement, required to be filed as an exhibit.




55



SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.


 

OphthaliX Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date:  March 27, 2014

By:

/s/ Barak Singer

 

 

Barak Singer, Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date:  March 27, 2014

By:

/s/ Itay Weinstein

 

 

Itay Weinstein, Chief Financial Officer


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.


NAME

TITLE

DATE

 

 

 

/s/ Pnina Fishman

Pnina Fishman

Chairman

March 27, 2014

 

 

 

/s/ Ilan Cohn

Ilan Cohn

Director

March 27, 2014

 

 

 

/s/ Guy Regev

Guy Regev

Director

March 27, 2014

 

 

 

/s/ Roger Kornberg

Roger Kornberg

Director

March 27, 2014

 

 

 

/s/ Michael Belkin

Michael Belkin

Director

March 27, 2014




56





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2013


U.S. DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS


INDEX


 

 

PAGE

 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

F-2

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

F-3

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

 

F-4

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity (Deficiency)

 

F-5

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

F-6

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

F-7  -  F-20




F-1






[f10k123113_10k004.jpg]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kost Forer Gabbay & Kasierer

 

Tel: +972-3-6232525

3 Aminadav St.

 

Fax: +972-3-5622555

Tel-Aviv 6706703, Israel

 

ey.com

 

 

 


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM


To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of


OPHTHALIX INC.

(A development stage company)


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of OphthaliX Inc. (a development stage company) and its subsidiary (the "Company") as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statement of comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders' equity (deficiency) and cash flows for each of the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the period from June 27, 2011 (the inception date) to December 31, 2013. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above, present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company and its subsidiary as of December 31, 2013 and 2012, and the consolidated results of their comprehensive loss and their cash flows for each of the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 and for the period from June 27, 2011 (the inception date) to December 31, 2013, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.


Tel-Aviv, Israel

/s/ KOST FORER GABBAY & KASIERER

March 27,  2014

A Member of Ernst & Young Global




F-2





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

U.S. dollars in thousands, except shares per share data


 

 

December 31,

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

422

 

$

727

Investment in Parent Company (Note 3)

 

 

1,175

 

 

 828

Related company (Note 11)

 

 

-

 

 

72

Other accounts receivable (Note 4)

 

 

20

 

 

258

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current assets

 

 

1,617

 

 

1,885

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LONG-TERM ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Parent Company (Note 3)

 

 

-

 

 

401

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total long-term assets

 

 

1

 

 

401

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,618

 

$

2,286

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIENCY)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related company (Note 11)

 

$

1,487

 

$

-

Other accounts payable and accrued expenses (Note 5)

 

 

263

 

 

199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

1,750

 

 

199

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative related to Service Agreement (Note 6)

 

 

7

 

 

470

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIENCY):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock -

 

 

 

 

 

 

Authorized : 1,000,000 shares at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively; Issued and Outstanding: 0 shares at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively

 

 

-

 

 

-

Common Stock of  $ 0.001 par value -

 

 

 

 

 

 

Authorized:  100,000,000 shares at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively; Issued and Outstanding: 10,441,251 shares at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively

 

 

10

 

 

10

Additional Paid-in capital

 

 

5,469

 

 

4,871

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

483

 

 

-

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(6,101)

 

 

(3,264)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders' equity (deficiency)

 

 

(139)

 

 

1,617

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity (deficiency)

 

$

1,618

 

$

2,286


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.




F-3





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data


 

 

 

 

Period from

 

 

 

 

June 27, 2011

 

 

 

 

(inception date)

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

to December 31,

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

1,759

 

$

1,827

 

$

3,802

General and administrative

 

 

1,511

 

 

684

 

 

2,330

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

3,270

 

 

2,511

 

 

6,132

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial income , net (Note 10)

 

 

(433)

 

 

(648)

 

 

(31)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

2,837

 

$

1,863

 

$

6,101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic loss per share

 

$

(0.27)

 

$

(0.18)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted loss per share

 

$

(0.27)

 

$

(0.26)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares of Common Stock used in computing  basic net loss per share

 

 

10,441,251

 

 

10,441,251

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average number of shares of Common Stock used in computing  diluted net loss per share

 

 

10,441,251

 

 

10,921,273

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income :

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available-for-sale investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in net unrealized loss (gains)

 

 

(523)

 

 

136

 

 

(343)

Less: reclassification adjustment for net loss (gains) included in net loss

 

 

40

 

 

(180)

 

 

(140)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive income  

 

$

(483)

 

$

(44)

 

$

(483)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

 

$

2,354

 

$

1,819

 

$

5,618


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.



F-4





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIENCY)

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data


 

 

Shares of

 

Additional

 

 

 

Accumulated other

 

Total

 

 

Common Stock

 

paid-in

 

Accumulated

 

comprehensive

 

stockholders'

 

 

Number

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Deficit

 

Loss

 

Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of June 27, 2011 (inception date)

 

8,000,000

$

8

$

(8)

$

-

$

-

$

-

Net Loss for period ending November 21, 2011

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(21)

 

-

 

(21)

Shares issued with respect to reverse acquisition of OphthaliX Inc.

 

1,231,207

 

1

 

(1)

 

-

 

-

 

-

Issuance of common stock and warrants, net (a)

 

1,210,044

 

1

 

4,660

 

-

 

-

 

4,661

Unrealized loss from the investment in Parent Company

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(44)

 

(44)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1,380)

 

-

 

(1,380)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2011

 

10,441,251

 

10

 

4,651

 

(1,401)

 

(44)

 

3,216

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock based compensation

 

-

 

-

 

220

 

-

 

-

 

220

Unrealized loss from investment in Parent Company

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(136)

 

(136)

Other than temporary impairment of investment in Parent Company

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

180

 

180

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Net loss

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(1,863)

 

-

 

(1,863)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2012

 

10,441,251

 

10

 

4,871

 

(3,264)

 

-

 

1,617

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Stock based compensation

 

-

 

-

 

598

 

-

 

-

 

598

Unrealized gain from investment in Parent Company

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

483

 

483

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Net loss

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(2,837)

 

-

 

(2,837)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2013

 

10,441,251

$

10

$

5,469

$

(6,101)

$

483

$

(139)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(a)  net of issuance expenses in an amount of $612 (see note 8.b)


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.



F-5





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data


 

 

Year ended

December 31,

 

Period from June 27, 2011 (inception date) to

December 31,

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 








 

 

 








Net loss

 

$

(2,837)

 

$

(1,863)

 

$

(6,101)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Loss from sale of investments in Parent Company

 

 

26

 


-

 

 

26

Other than temporary impairment of investment in Parent Company

 

 

-

 


323

 

 

323

Depreciation

 

 

1

 


-

 

 

1

Stock based compensation

 

 

598

 


220

 

 

818

Decrease (increase) in other accounts receivable

 

 

238

 


(255)

 

 

(20)

Decrease (increase) in related company balance

 

 

1,559

 


(212)

 

 

1,487

Increase  in other account payables and accrued expenses

 

 

64

 


39

 

 

263

Decrease in fair value of the derivative related to Service Agreement

 

 

(463)

 


(966)

 

 

(381)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(814)

 


(2,714)

 

 

(3,584)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Proceed from sale of parent Company shares, net

 

 

511

 


-

 

 

511

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(2)

 


-

 

 

(2)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

509

 


-

 

 

509

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of Common Stock and warrants, net

 

 

-

 


-

 

 

3,497

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

-

 


-

 

 

3,497

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(305)

 


(2,714)

 

 

422

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

 

727

 


3,441

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

$

422

 

$

727

 

$

422


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.




F-6





OPHTHALIX INC. AND ITS SUBSIDIARY

(A development stage company)


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

U.S. dollars in thousands, except share and per share data


NOTE 1:-

GENERAL


a.

OphthaliX Inc. (the "Company" or "OphthaliX") (formerly: "Denali Concrete Management Inc." or "Denali"), originally incorporated in the State of Nevada on December 10, 1999 under the name Bridge Capital.com Inc. Bridge Capital.com Inc., was a nominally capitalized corporation that did not commence its operations until it changed its name to Denali Concrete Management Inc. in March 2001. Denali was a concrete placement company specializing in providing concrete improvements in the road construction industry. Denali operated primarily in Anchorage, Alaska, placing curb and gutter, sidewalks and retaining walls for state, municipal and military projects.


In December 2005, the Company ceased its principal business operations and focused its efforts on seeking a business opportunity, becoming a public shell company in the U.S.


Eye-Fite Ltd. ("Eye-Fite" or the "Subsidiary") was founded on June 27, 2011 in contemplation of the execution of a transaction between Can-Fite BioPharma Ltd. (the "Parent Company" or "Can-Fite") a public company in Israel and U.S and Denali, as further detailed in Note 1b below.


The Company and the Subsidiary conduct research and development activities using an exclusive worldwide license for a therapeutic drug CF101 solely for the field of ophthalmic diseases after the consummation of the transaction. See also Note 1b2.


Following the transaction, Denali changed its name to OphthaliX Inc. and also changed its corporate domicile from Nevada to Delaware.


b.

Reverse Recapitalization and related arrangements:


1.

Recapitalization:


On November 21, 2011 (the "Closing Date"), the Company acquired all the outstanding shares of EyeFite in consideration for the issuance to Can-Fite of 8,000,000 shares (and warrants to purchase shares) of the Company, representing approximately 87% of the fully diluted issued and outstanding share capital of the Company. Immediately prior to and as a condition to the closing of the transaction, OphthaliX entered into subscription agreements with new investors (the "New Investors") pursuant to which, OphthaliX received $3,330 in additional funds (excluding $333 of issuance expenses paid in cash) in consideration for issuing 646,776 shares of Common Stock of OphthaliX at a price per share of $5.148.


The Company also received 714,922 ordinary shares in Can-Fite, representing approximately 7% of Can-Fite's issued and outstanding share capital as of the Closing Date. On June 17, 2013, the Company sold 268,095 Can-Fite ordinary shares for a total consideration of $511. As of December 31, 2013, the Company holds 446,827 Can-Fite ordinary shares, representing approximately 2.7% of Can-Fite's issued and outstanding share capital.


In addition, OphthaliX issued to Can-Fite 466,139 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company in exchange for Can-Fite ordinary shares valued at $2,400 at the time of the grant.


In accordance with the Israeli Securities Law (1968), Section 15C and related Securities Regulations, the shares issued by Can-Fite to OphthaliX have a “Resale Restriction Period”, which consists of one year of full restriction and a liquidation period of eight consecutive quarters. As such, OphthaliX is able to sell 12.5% of the Can-Fite ordinary shares it holds every quarter since November 21, 2012.


As part of the recapitalization arrangement, Can-Fite made an additional equity investment in OphthaliX in the amount of $500 in consideration for the issuance of an aggregate of 97,113 shares of Common Stock of OphthaliX at a price per share equal to $5.148.




F-7





NOTE 1:-

GENERAL (Cont.)


In contemplation of the recapitalization transaction, it was agreed that for every four shares of Common Stock purchased by the New Investors and Can-Fite, they received nine warrants to acquire two share of Common Stock of the Company. The exercise price of such warrants is $7.74 per share of Common Stock. The warrants are exercisable for a period of five years from the date of grant. The warrants do not contain nonstandard anti-dilution provisions (see also Note 8b).


The transaction was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization which is outside the scope ASC 805, Business Combinations. Under reverse capitalization accounting, EyeFite is considered the acquirer for accounting and financial reporting purposes, and acquired the assets and assumed the liabilities of the Company. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed are reported at their historical amounts. Consequently, the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company reflect the operations of the acquirer for accounting purposes together with a deemed issuance of shares, equivalent to the shares held by the former shareholders of the legal acquirer and a recapitalization of the equity of the accounting acquirer. These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company since the effective date of the reverse capitalization and the accounts of EyeFite since inception.


2.

License and research and development services from Can-Fite:


In connection with the consummation of the recapitalization transaction, the Company and Can-Fite entered into a license agreement, pursuant to which Can-Fite granted EyeFite a sole and exclusive worldwide license for the use of CF101, solely in the field of ophthalmic diseases ("CF101"). EyeFite will be obligated to make to the U.S. National Institutes of Health ("NIH"), with regard to the patents of which are included in the license to EyeFite, for as long as the license agreement between the Company and NIH remains in effect, a nonrefundable minimum annual royalty fee and potential future royalties of 4.0% to 5.5% on net sales.


In addition, the Company will be obligated to make certain milestone payments ranging from $25 to $500 upon the achievement of various development milestones for each indication. During 2013, the Company accrued an amount of $75 related the Glaucoma phase II clinical trial. EyeFite will also be required to make payments of 20% of sublicensing revenues, excluding royalties and net of the required milestone payments. During 2013, the Company did not reach any milestone or generate revenue that would trigger any such payments to Can-Fite.


In addition, following the closing of the recapitalization transaction, an agreement was signed between Can-Fite, OphthaliX and EyeFite (the "Service Agreement"). According to the Service Agreement, Can-Fite will manage the research and development activities relating to pre-clinical and clinical studies for the development of the ophthalmic indications of CF101. According to the Service Agreement, in consideration for Can-Fite's services, EyeFite will pay to Can-Fite a service fee (consisting of all expenses and costs incurred by Can-Fite plus 15%). In addition, the Company is committed to future additional payments equal to 2.5% of any and all proceeds received by EyeFite relating to the activities regarding the drug (the "Additional Payment").


According to the Service Agreement, Can-Fite will have the right, at any time until the November 21, 2016, to convert the Additional Payment into an additional 480,022 shares of Common Stock of the Company (subject to adjustment in certain circumstances - See also Note 6).


c.

The Company devotes most of its efforts toward research and development activities. As of December 31, 2013 the Company does not have sufficient capital resources to conduct its research and development activities until commercialization of the underlying products.


The Company's inability to raise funds to conduct its research and development activities will have a severe negative impact on its ability to remain a viable company. Liquidity resources, as of December 31, 2013 will be sufficient to continue the development of the Company's products at least for twelve months.


The Company is addressing its liquidity issues by implementing initiatives to raise additional funds as well as other measures that will allow it to cover its anticipated budget deficit. Such initiatives may include monetizing part of the Company's investment in Can-Fite's ordinary shares. In addition, in February 2013, the Company obtained a formal letter from Can-Fite stating that Can-Fite agrees to defer receiving payments owed under the Services Agreement from January 31, 2013 for the performance of the clinical trials of CF101 in ophthalmic indications until the completion of a fundraising by the Company. Any such deferred payments bear interest at a rate of 3% per annum from the due date of each invoice issued by Can-Fite to the Company until the time of payment by the Company. As of December 31, 2013, the deferred payments to Can-Fite totaled $1,473.



F-8





NOTE 1:-

GENERAL (Cont.)


There are no assurances that the Company will be successful in obtaining an adequate level of financing needed for its long-term research and development activities. If the Company will not have sufficient liquidity resources, the Company may not be able to continue the development of all of its products or may be required to delay part of the development programs.


NOTE 2:-

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES


The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP").


a.

Use of estimates:


The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with U.S. GAAP, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


b.

Financial statements in U.S. dollars:


The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in U.S. dollars, the functional and reporting currency of the Company.


Although the majority of the Company and its Subsidiary's operations are conducted in Israel, most of their expenses are in U.S dollar. Therefore, the Company's management believes that the U.S dollars is the functional currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company and its subsidiary operate.


Transactions and balances denominated in U.S. dollars are presented at their original amounts. Monetary accounts maintained in currencies other than the U.S. dollar are re-measured into U.S. dollars in accordance with ASC 830-10, "Foreign Currency Matters". All transactions gains and losses of the re-measurement of monetary balance sheets items are reflected in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss as financial income or expenses, as appropriate.


c.

Principles of consolidation:


The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiary. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.


d.

Cash equivalents:


Cash equivalents include short-term highly liquid investments that are readily convertible to cash with original maturities of three months or less from time of deposit.


e.

Investment in Parent Company:


In accordance with ASC320, the accounting for the Company's investment in the equity securities depend on the remaining period of the tradability restriction in its respective market of the shares (as described in Note 1b).


Shares that are restricted for less than one year re-measured to reflect fair value at each cutoff date. These securities are classified as available-for-sale securities carried at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses reported as a separate component of stockholders' equity under accumulated other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheets. Realized gains and losses on sales of available-for-sale securities are included as financials income, net in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. During 2013, the Company recorded loss from the sale of the available-for-sale securities of $26.


The rest of the restricted shares that have trade restrictions for more than one year are classified as financial assets, on a cost basis (based on the valuation of an expert as of transaction date). As of December 31, 2013, there are no restricted shares for more than one year.




F-9





NOTE 2:-

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Cont.)


The Company recognizes an impairment charge when a decline in the fair value of its investments in securities is below the cost basis of such securities is judged to be other than temporary. Factors considered in making such a determination include the duration and severity of the impairment, the reason for the decline in value, the potential recovery period and the Company's intent to sell, including whether it is more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell the investment before recovery of cost basis. For securities that are deemed other-than-temporarily impaired, the amount of impairment is recognized as part of financial income, net, net in the statement of comprehensive loss and is limited to the amount related to credit losses, while impairment related to other factors is recognized in other comprehensive loss. During 2012, the Company recorded other than temporary impairment of $323. (See also Note 3).


f.

Research and development expenses:


All research and development costs are charge to expense as incurred.


g.

Accounting for stock-based compensation:


The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC 718, "Compensation - Stock Compensation" ("ASC 718"). ASC 718 requires companies to estimate the fair value of equity-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as an expense over the requisite service periods in the Company's consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.


The Company recognizes compensation expenses for the value of its awards granted based on the accelerated recognition method over the requisite service period of each of the awards, net of estimated forfeitures. ASC 718 requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.


The Company estimates the fair value of stock options granted using the binomial option pricing-model. The option-pricing model requires a number of assumptions, of which the most significant are the expected stock price volatility and the early exercise multiply. Expected volatility was calculated based upon historical volatilities of similar entities in the related sector index. The early exercise multiply is representing the value of the underlying stock as a multiple of the exercise price of the option which, if achieved, results in exercise of the option. The risk-free interest rate is based on the yield from U.S. treasury bonds with an equivalent term. The Company has historically not paid dividends and has no foreseeable plans to pay dividends.


The Company applies ASC 505-50, "Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees" with respect to options and warrants issued to non-employees.


h.

Basic and diluted net loss per share:


Basic net loss per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the "Common Stock") outstanding during each period. Diluted net loss per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during each period, plus dilutive potential Common Stock considered outstanding during the period, in accordance with ASC topic 260, "Earnings Per Share" ("ASC 260").

 

The total weighted average number of shares related to the outstanding warrants and options excluded from the calculations of diluted net loss per share due to their anti-dilutive effect was 1,437,315 and 771,296 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.




F-10





NOTE 2:-

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Cont.)


i.

Income taxes:


The Company and its subsidiary account for income taxes and uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740, "Income Taxes" (“ASC 740”). ASC 740 prescribes the use of the liability method whereby deferred tax assets and liability account balances are determined based on the differences between financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. The Company and its subsidiary provide a full valuation allowance, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts that are more likely-than-not to be realized.


The Company implements a two-step approach to recognize and to measure uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740. The first step is to evaluate the tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that, on an evaluation of the technical merits, the tax position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of any related appeals or litigation processes. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was recorded as a result of the implementation of ASC 740.


j.

Prepaid expenses:


All prepaid expenses are composed of clinical trials drug-kits which expensed based on a percentage of completion method of the related clinical trials.


k.

Concentrations of credit risk:


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and other account receivables.


Cash and cash equivalents are deposited with a major bank in Israel. The Company's management believes that the financial institution that holds the Company's investments is an institution with high credit standing, and accordingly, minimal credit risk exists with respect to these investments.


l.

Fair value of financial instruments:


The carrying amounts of the Company's financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable, other accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate fair value because of their generally short-term maturities.


The Company adopted ASC 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to release a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants.


As such, fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. As a basis for considering such assumptions, ASC 820 establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value:


Level 1 -

Observable input that reflects quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.




F-11





NOTE 2:-

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Cont.)


Level 2 -

Include other inputs that are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant inputs are observable in the market or can be derived from observable market data. Where applicable, these models project future cash flows and discount the future amounts to a present value using market-based observable inputs including interest rate curves, foreign exchange rates, and credit ratings.


Level 3 -

Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity.


The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.


NOTE 3: -

INVESTMENT IN PARENT COMPANY


As of December 31, 2013 the Company holds 446,826 of Can-Fite's outstanding ordinary shares that have certain a resale restriction provisions (also see Note 1b). As a result of such restrictions, the Company adjusted the quoted market price in the Tel-Aviv Stock Exchange of its investment in Parent Company's shares, to reflect the discount that results from the resale restriction provisions. In measuring the fair value the Company used an average of Protective Put Option with Asian Put option models. In estimating the fair value, the Company used Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions as of December 31, 2013: risk-free interest rates ranging from 0.89% to 0.93%; dividend yields of 0%; volatility factors of 77.4%; and a weighted-average contractual life of the options of between 0.14 and 0.64 years.


The Company reviews various factors in determining whether it should recognize an other-than-temporary impairment charge for its marketable securities, including its intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient for any anticipated recovery in market value, the length of time and extent to which the fair value has been less than its cost basis. Based on the Company’s consideration of these factors, as of December 31, 2012 the Company recognized other-than-temporary impairment in a total amount of $323 related to its holding of Can-Fite shares, which is presented as part of financial income, in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss. No such other-than-temporary-impairment was identified during 2013.


On June 17, 2013, the Company sold 268,095 Can-Fite's ordinary shares for a total consideration of $511. As a result of such sale the Company recorded loss in the amount of $26 as part of financial income, net in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss.


As of December 31, 2013, the Company's investment in Parent Company is $1,175 classified as short term assets and the related unrealized gains totaled $483.


NOTE 4:-

OTHER ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE


 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses

 

$

20

 

$

249

 

Tax authorities

 

 

-

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

20

 

$

258




F-12





NOTE 5:-

OTHER ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED EXPENSES


 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts Payable

 

$

4

 

$

4

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

259

 

 

195

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

263

 

$

199


NOTE 6:-

DERIVATIVE RELATED TO SERVICE AGREEMENT


In contemplation with the Reverse Recapitalization described in Note 1b, on November 21, 2011 the Company entered into the Service Agreement.


According to the Service Agreement, in consideration for Can-Fite's services, Eye-Fite shall pay to Can-Fite a service fee (consisting of all expenses and costs incurred by Can-Fite plus 15%). Furthermore, the Company is required to pay Can-Fite an additional payment of 2.5% from all future proceeds received by OphthaliX or any of its affiliates in relation to CF101. Can-Fite has the right (the "Exchange Right" or the "Derivative"), at any time from November 21, 2011 until November 21, 2016, to convert its right for the additional payment into a warrant (the "Warrant") to purchase 480,022 shares of Common Stock of the Company. The exercise price for the Warrant shall be as follows: (i) in the event that within 12 months of November 21, 2011, the Company or any of its affiliates completes any transaction which has a "bio-dollar" value of more than $100 million (a "Qualified Financing Arrangement"), then the exercise price shall be the par value of the shares of Common Stock, and (ii) at any other time, then the exercise price for all the shares shall be an aggregate of US $2.5 million, equal to a per share exercise price of $5.148.


The Company's management applied ASC 815 to evaluate whether the Exchange Right (contingent call option to holders) instrument is a financial instrument that has the characteristics of a derivative. In specific the Company's management had also evaluated ASC 815-10-15-74(a) scope exception.


The Company's management concluded that the Exchange Right doesn't have fixed settlement provisions, and therefore, should be classified as liability at inception. The Exchange Right is being re-measured at fair value each reporting period until date of exercise or expiration with the change in value reported in the statements of comprehensive loss (as part of financial income, net).


Consequently, the Company recorded as part of the Reverse Recapitalization a liability related to the Exchange Right in the amount of $438 based on its fair value. Issuance expenses that were allocated to this component, amounted to $50, were expensed immediately and were included as part of financial expenses in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the period ended in December 31, 2011 (see Note 7 for the re-measurement at year end).


The fair value of the Derivative as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 amounted to $7 and $470 respectively, was determined using the binomial option-pricing model. The aforementioned option-pricing model requires a number of assumptions, of which most significant are the expected stock price volatility and the expected term. In estimating the derivative fair value, the Company used the following assumptions:


 

 

 

December 31

 

Issuance

date

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free interest rate (1)

 

0.78%

 

0.54%

 

0.92%

 

Expected volatility (2)

 

58.41%

 

79.13%

 

76.26%

 

Expected life (in years) (3)

 

2.92

 

3.92

 

5

 

Expected dividend yield (4)

 

0

 

0

 

0


(1)

Risk-free interest rate - based on the yields from U.S. treasury bonds with different periods to maturity (according to different projection periods).

(2)

Expected volatility - was calculated based on actual historical stock price movements of the Parent Company over a term that is equivalent to the expected term of the option.



F-13





NOTE 6:-

DERIVATIVE RELATED TO SERVICE AGREEMENT (Cont.)


(3)

Expected life - the expected life of the conversion feature was based on the term of the derivative.

(4)

Expected dividend yield - was based on the fact that the Company has not paid dividends to its stockholders in the past and does not expect to pay dividends to stockholders in the foreseeable future.


The Company considers an active market to be one in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis, and views an inactive market as one in which there are few transactions for the asset or liability, the prices are not current, or price quotations vary substantially either over time or among market makers.  Since the quoted market value of the Company’s Common Stock was based on a sporadically traded stock with little or no volume, the Company's management determined the Company's stock price fair value based on ASC 820 Fair Value Measurement using the income approach assisted by a third party specialist. Consequently, the Company used the estimates stock price fair value in the underlying assumptions of the computation of the fair value of the derivative related to the Service Agreement.


NOTE 7:-

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS


In accordance with ASC 820, the Company measures its marketable securities and embedded derivatives at fair value. Marketable securities fair value is based on quoted prices for identical assets in active markets and other inputs (such as risk free interest and volatility) that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace. The assets are classified within Level 1 and Level 2 on the fair value hierarchy. Derivatives are classified within Level 3 because they are valued using valuation techniques. Some of the inputs to these models are unobservable in the market and are significant.


The following table provides information by value level for financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value, as defined by ASC 820, on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2013 and 2012.


 

 

December 31, 2013

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

Description

 

Fair

Value

 

Level 1

(1)

 

Level 2

(2)

 

Level 3

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Parent Company

 

$

1,175

 

$

514

 

$

661

 

$

-

Derivative related to Service Agreement

 

 

(7)

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(7)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Financial Assets, net

 

$

1,168

 

$

514

 

$

661

 

$

(7)


 

 

December 31, 2012

 

 

Fair Value Measurements

Description

 

Fair

Value

 

Level 1

(1)

 

Level 2

(2)

 

Level 3

(3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Parent Company

 

$

828

 

$

199

 

$

629

 

$

-

Derivative related to Service Agreement

 

 

(470)

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(470)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Financial Assets, net

 

$

358

 

$

199

 

$

629

 

$

(470)


(1)

Represents the portion of the Parent Company's shares that has no trading restrictions.

(2)

Represents the portion of the Parent Company's shares that has trading restrictions.


The following table presents the changes in Level 3 instruments measured on a recurring basis for the year ended December 31, 2013 and 2012. The Company's Level 3 instruments consist of Derivative (see Note 6).




F-14





NOTE 7:-

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (Cont.)


(3)

Fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3):


Balance at January 1, 2012

 

$

1,436

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of derivatives

 

 

(966)

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

 

 

470

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of derivatives

 

 

(463)

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013

 

$

 7


NOTE 8:-

SHARE CAPITAL


a.

Shares of Common Stock:


The shares of Common Stock represent the legal acquirer, meaning OphthaliX's share capital as of the transaction date.


Shares of Common Stock confer upon the holders the right to receive notice to participate and vote in the general meetings of the Company and the right to receive dividends, if declared.


On July 18, 2013 the Company's stockholders approved a reverse stock split of one share for each four and one-half shares outstanding (1:4.5) (the “Reverse Split”). The Reverse Split became effective as of the close of business on August 6, 2013.


All shares of Common Stock, warrants, options, per share data and exercise prices included in these financial statements and notes for all periods presented have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the Reverse Split with respect to the Company’s shares of Common Stock.


b.

Warrants:


In contemplation with the Reverse Recapitalization, it was agreed that for each four shares of Common Stock purchased by the New Investors and Can-Fite, they will be granted by the Company nine warrants to acquire two share of Common Stock of the Company. The exercise price of the warrants is $7.74 per share of Common Stock. The warrants are exercisable for a period of five years from their date of grant. The warrants do not contain nonstandard anti-dilution provisions.


According to ASC 815-40-15 and 25 instructions, the Company's management evaluated whether the warrants are entitled to the scope exception in ASC 815-10-15-74 (as the warrants meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815-10-15-83). Based on their straight forward terms (i.e., fix exercise price, no down-round or other provisions that will preclude them from being considered indexed to the Company's own stock), the Company's management concluded that the warrants should be classified as equity at inception.


In contemplation of the transaction, the Company issued a total of 532,870 warrants to acquire 118,415 shares of Common Stock to consultants and brokers involved in the transaction with a fair value in total of $329 (the "Adviser Warrants").


Therefore, the fair value of the Adviser Warrants was accounted as issuance expenses, whereas $304 allocated to equity component and were deducted from additional paid in capital, $25 were allocated to a derivative component and expensed immediately as part of financial expenses. All the Adviser Warrants are fully vested. The Company estimates the fair value of Adviser Warrants granted using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted-average assumptions: risk-free interest rates of 0.92%, dividend yield of 0%, volatility factors of the expected market price of the Parent Company's ordinary shares of 76.23% and expected life of the options of 3.72 years.  The Adviser Warrants are exercisable upon the payment of $5.148 per share of Common Stock. As of December 31, 2013 the intrinsic value of the Adviser Warrants is zeroed.




F-15





NOTE 8:-

SHARE CAPITAL (Cont.)


On November 12, 2012, the Board of Directors, complying with the undertaking taken as part of the recapitalization of the Company on November 21, 2011, formerly resolved to issue to certain investors and Can-Fite, 1,455,228 and 1,267,315 warrants to acquire 323,384 and 281,625 shares of Common Stock of the Company, respectively (the "Warrants"). The exercise price of such Warrants is $7.74 per share. The Warrants are exercisable for a period of five years from their date of grant and do not contain any non- standard anti-dilution provisions.


c.

Stock option plan and grant:


On January 2, 2012, the Board of Directors approved the adoption of the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the "2012 Plan"). The 2012 Plan was approved by the Company's stockholders and became effective on February 6, 2012. Under the 2012 Plan, the Company may grant its officers, directors, employees and consultants, Stock options, Restricted Stocks and Restricted Stock Units ("RSUs") of the Company. Each Stock option granted shall be exercisable at such times and terms and conditions as the Board of Directors may specify in the applicable option agreement, provided that no option will be granted with a term in excess of 10 years.


Upon the adoption of the 2012 Stock Option Plan the Company reserved for issuance 1,088,888 shares of Common Stock, $ 0.001 par value each. As of December 31, 2013 the Company has 762,564 shares of Common Stock available for future grant under the 2012 Plan.


On January 2013, the Board of Directors approved the adoption of an annex to the 2012 Plan. This Annex only applies to the Israeli grantees in order to comply with the requirements set by the Israeli law in general and in particular with the provisions of section 102 of the Israeli tax ordinance.


1.

In January 2012, the Company granted to one of its board members, options to purchase 52,222 shares of Common Stock of the Company at an exercise price of $9.00 per share. The options shall be vested in a period of 36 months so long as he remains a director until fully vested. The options were granted under the Company's 2012 Plan and shall expire 10 years from the grant date. The agreement prohibits the board member from employment or connection with, or holding any office in, any business or undertaking which competes with any business of the Company or is a customer or supplier of the Company.


2.

On December 12, 2012, the Board of Directors of the Company approved the appointment of a Chief Executive Officer ("Former CEO") of the Company effective January 1, 2013. The Board of Directors also approved an employment agreement of the Former CEO, which became effective on January 1, 2013. The agreement was terminated on February 25, 2013.


In contemplation of the termination of the Former CEO, the Board of Directors approved the grant of options to the Former CEO. He received options to acquire 8,701 shares of Common Stock of OphthaliX at an exercise price of $5.29 in accordance with the terms of the 2012 Plan and the Israeli Annex to the Company’s 2012 Plan (collectively, the "2012 Plan") and which options expired on August 28, 2013.


3.

On February 28, 2013, the Board of Directors approved the appointment of a new Chief Executive Officer ("Current CEO") of the Company, effective March 1, 2013. The Board of Directors also approved an amendment, dated February 28, 2013, to the existing employment agreement and non-competition agreement, dated February 22, 2011, between Can-Fite and the Current CEO whereby the Current CEO will serve as Chief Executive Officer of OphthaliX while at the same time continuing to serve as Vice-President of Business Development of Can-Fite. He will devote approximately 50% of his time to each position and the Company will pay one-half of the compensation owed to the Current CEO under the Employment Agreement.


On April 22, 2013, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the grant of options to the Current CEO. In accordance with the option agreement, he received options to acquire 104,412 shares of Common Stock of OphthaliX at an exercise price of $5.29 (the "Time Based Options") which expire ten years from the grant date. The Time Based Options shall vest over a period of three years on a quarterly basis over twelve consecutive quarters from the date of commencement of the employment of the Current CEO. In addition, the Company's Board of Directors also approved the grant of an aggregate of 469,855 options to the Current CEO, to acquire 104,412 shares of Common Stock of OphthaliX at an exercise price of $5.29 in accordance with the terms of the 2012 Plan, and which expire ten years from the grant date. These options vest upon the achievement of certain businesses and financial milestones, as defined in the agreement governing the same. As of December 31, 2013 it's not probable that each of the milestones will be satisfie




F-16





NOTE 8:-

SHARE CAPITAL (Cont.)


4.

On May 9, 2013, the Company’s Board of Directors granted options, which were modified on May 29, 2013 as to number and exercise price, to purchase 13,055 shares of its Common Stock to the Company’s Chief Financial Officer.  These options have an exercise price of $9.00 per share and expire on May 29, 2023.  29,375 of these options vest immediately and the remaining 29,375 will vest over a period of three years on a quarterly basis for 12 consecutive quarters from the date of the grant. The Company accounted for the modification in accordance with ASC-718 "Compensation – Stock Compensation", which measures the fair value of the replacement award against the fair value of the cancelled award on the cancellation date. During 2013 the Company recognized a total compensation of $62 which $38 of them related to the modification.


5.

On May 9, 2013 the Company’s Board of Directors approved the grant of options, with the same terms as the options granted to the Company's Chief Financial Officer as described above, to certain members of the Company’s Board of Directors, its Secretary and a director of EyeFite. The option grants to the Company’s Secretary and the EyeFite director were made but later rescinded by the Company’s Board of Directors on June 13, 2013 and the respective grantees waived any rights in and to such options.  The Company accounted for these option awards as a cancellation of awards and, in accordance with ASC-718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation”, all unrecognized compensation costs were recorded on the cancellation date amounted to $211. The options to be granted to the members of the Company’s Board of Directors, which also required the approval of the Company’s stockholders, were never granted due to the failure to obtain such stockholder approval.


6.

On July 1, 2013, the Board of Directors approved the appointment of a new director. As part of the agreement with the director, the Company granted him ten-year options under the 2012 Plan to purchase 52,222 shares of Common Stock of the Company at $6.638 per share. The options vest as follows: 1/12th vested on September 30, 2013 and 1/12th of the total options vest on the last day of each 11 quarters thereafter so long as he remains a director, until fully vested.


The following table presents the assumptions used to estimate the fair values of the stock options granted in the period presented:


 

 

Year ended December 31,

Description

 

2013

 

2012

Risk-free interest rate

 

 

1.72%-2.5%

 

 

0.9%

Expected volatility

 

 

68.5%-71.6%

 

 

80%

Dividend yield

 

 

0

 

 

0

Contractual life

 

 

10

 

 

10

Early Exercise Multiple (Suboptimal Factor)

 

 

3

 

 

-

Fair value of options granted during the period

 

 

  $  0.54-0.6

 

 

$  1.44


The following table summarizes the activity of stock options:


 

Shares Subject to Options Outstanding

Description

 

Number of Shares

 

Weighted Average Exercise Price

 

Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term

(in years)

 

Aggregate Intrinsic

Value (1)

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at beginning of year

 

52,222

 

9.00

 

9.09

 

$

-

Granted

 

574,315

 

5.58

 

-

 

 

-

Forfeited/cancelled

 

(300,213)

 

5.45

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at the end of year

 

326,324

 

6.25

 

9.15

 

$

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable at the end of the year

 

77,235

 

7.48

 

8.79

 

$

-

Vested and expected to be vested

 

221,911

 

6.70

 

9.07

 

$

-



F-17





NOTE 8:-

SHARE CAPITAL (Cont.)


(1)

The aggregate intrinsic value is calculated as the difference between the exercise price of the stock options and the closing price of the shares of the Company’s Common Stock of $1.90 as of December 31, 2013.


As of December 31, 2013, there was $218 of unrecognized stock-based compensation expense all of which is related to stock options. This unrecognized compensation expense, expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.25 years.


NOTE 9:-

INCOME TAXES


The Company and its Israeli subsidiary are separately taxed under the domestic tax laws of the state of incorporation of each entity.


a.

Net operating losses carryforward:


The Company is subject to U.S. income taxes. As of December 31, 2013, the Company has net operating loss carryforwards for federal income tax purposes of approximately $ 1,188 which expire in the years 2018 to 2032. The Company has no operating loss carry forwards for state income tax purposes. Utilization of the U.S. net operating losses may be subject to substantial annual limitation due to the "change in ownership" provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and similar state provisions. The annual limitation may result in the expiration of net operating losses before utilization.


The Company's subsidiary in Israel has estimated accumulated losses for tax purposes as of December 31, 2013, in the amount of approximately $1,800 which may be carried forward and offset against taxable income in the future for an indefinite period.


b.

According to the law in Israel the results of the Israeli subsidiary for tax purposes are measured in nominal values.


c.

Profit (loss) before taxes is comprised as follows:


 

 

Year ended

December 31,

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic

 

$

(869)

 

$

40

Foreign (Israel)

 

 

(1,968)

 

 

(1,903)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(2,837)

 

$

(1,863)


d.

Deferred taxes:


Deferred taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. The Company and its subsidiary's' deferred tax assets are comprised of operating loss carryforward and other temporary differences. Significant components of the Company and its subsidiaries deferred tax assets are as follows:


 

 

December 31,

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating loss carryforward

 

$

952

 

$

397

Research and development expenses

 

 

229

 

 

322

Investment in parent Company

 

 

130

 

 

469

Deferred tax assets before valuation allowance

 

 

1,311

 

 

1,188

Valuation allowance

 

 

(1,311)

 

 

(1,188)

Net deferred tax asset

 

$

-

 

$

-




F-18





NOTE 9:-

INCOME TAXES (Cont.)


The Company has provided valuation allowance in respect of deferred tax assets resulting from operating loss carryforward and other temporary differences.


Management currently believes that since the Company and its subsidiary have a history of losses it is more likely than not that the deferred tax regarding the loss carryforward and other temporary differences will not be realized in the foreseeable future.


e.

Tax rates applicable to the income of the Company:


The Israeli corporate tax rate is 25% in 2013.


On December 5, 2011, the Israeli Parliament passed the Law for Tax Burden Reform (Legislative Amendments), 2011 ("the Law") which, among others, cancels effective from 2012, the scheduled progressive reduction in the corporate tax rate. The Law also increases the corporate tax rate to 25% in 2012. In view of this increase in the corporate tax rate to 25% in 2012, the real capital gains tax rate and the real betterment tax rate were also increased accordingly.


On July 30, 2013, the Israeli Parliament approved the second and third readings of the Economic Plan for 2013-2014 ("Amended Budget Law") which consists, among others, of fiscal changes whose main aim is to enhance the collection of taxes in those years.

These changes include, among others, raising the Israeli corporate tax rate from 25% to 26.5% effective from January 1, 2014.


The deferred tax balances included in the financial statements as of December 31, 2013 are calculated according to the new tax rates that were substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date and therefore comply with the above changes, as applicable to the Company.


The corporate tax in the U.S. applying to a Company (incorporated in state of Delaware), consists of a progressive corporate tax at a rate of up to 35% plus state tax and local tax at rates depending on the state and the city in which the company manages its business. In the Company's estimation, it is subject to approximately a 40% tax rate.


NOTE 10:-

FINANCE INCOME, NET


 

 

 

Year ended

December 31,

 

Period from June 27, 2011

(inception date) to December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bank fees

 

$

4

 

$

2

 

$

9

 

Interest expenses (income)

 

 

17

 

 

(7)

 

 

9

 

Revaluation of Derivative related to service agreement

 

 

(463)

 

 

(966)

 

 

(381)

 

Other than temporary impairment

 

 

-

 

 

323

 

 

323

 

Loss from sale of parent Company shares

 

 

26

 

 

-

 

 

26

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(17)

 

 

-

 

 

(17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance income, net

 

$

(433)

 

$

(648)

 

$

(31)




F-19





NOTE 11:-

RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS


On November 21, 2011, the Company entered into a license agreement with the Parent Company, (for further information, refer to Notes 1b and 6). Details of the transactions with related parties are depicted in the following tables:


Transactions with related parties:


 

 

 

Year ended December 31,

 

Period from June 27, 2011

(inception date) to December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses (1)

 

$

1,530

 

$

1,506

 

$

3,252

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expenses (2)

 

$

152

 

$

61

 

$

213

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance income, net (1)

 

$

446

 

$

966

 

$

364


Balances with Related Parties:


 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2013

 

2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related company (1)

 

$

(1,487)

 

$

72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in Parent Company (3)

 

$

1,175

 

$

1,229

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other account payables and accrued expenses (1)

 

$

(175)

 

$

(100)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative related to service agreement (1)

 

$

(7)

 

$

(470)


(1)

Related to Service Agreement. See Notes 1.b.2.

(2)

Related to Service Agreement. See Notes 1.b.2 and to the CEO employment agreement.

(3)

Related to Investment in Parent Company. See Notes 2.e and Note 3.




F-20