Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCFinancial_Report.xls
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR4.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR5.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR6.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR7.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR3.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR8.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR2.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR9.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR17.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR23.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR15.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR13.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR20.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR11.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR12.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR19.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR14.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR16.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR22.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR18.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR10.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CHEROKEE INCR21.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - CHEROKEE INCa12-23454_1ex31d2.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - CHEROKEE INCa12-23454_1ex31d1.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - CHEROKEE INCa12-23454_1ex32d2.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - CHEROKEE INCa12-23454_1ex32d1.htm

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x      Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended October 27, 2012.

 

o         Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

For the Transition Period From            to            .

 

Commission file number 0-18640

 

CHEROKEE INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

95-4182437

(State or other jurisdiction of Incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS employer identification number)

 

 

 

5990 Sepulveda Boulevard, Sherman Oaks, CA

 

91411

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Zip Code

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code  (818) 908-9868

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

 Smaller reporting company o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

 

Outstanding at December 6, 2012

Common Stock, $.02 par value per share

 

8,400,167

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

INDEX

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

ITEM 1. Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited):

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets
October 27, 2012 and January 28, 2012

3

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations
Three and Nine Month periods ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
Nine Month period ended October 27, 2012 

5

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Nine Month periods ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011

6

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

 

 

ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

23

 

 

ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures

24

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings

24

 

 

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

24

 

 

ITEM 6. Exhibits

29

Signatures

31

 

 

Certifications

 

 

2



Table of Contents

 

Part 1. Financial Information

 

ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CHEROKEE INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Unaudited

 

 

 

October 27,
2012

 

January 28,
2012

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,505,000

 

$

7,421,000

 

Restricted cash

 

502,000

 

 

Receivables

 

6,576,000

 

5,320,000

 

Income taxes receivable

 

397,000

 

672,000

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

244,000

 

152,000

 

Deferred tax asset

 

101,000

 

100,000

 

Total current assets

 

9,325,000

 

13,665,000

 

Deferred tax asset

 

1,600,000

 

1,230,000

 

Property and equipment, net

 

924,000

 

733,000

 

Trademarks, net

 

17,861,000

 

5,596,000

 

Other assets

 

421,000

 

 

Total assets

 

$

30,131,000

 

$

21,224,000

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

1,810,000

 

$

850,000

 

Deferred revenue — current

 

104,000

 

320,000

 

Accrued compensation payable

 

49,000

 

268,000

 

Income taxes payable

 

1,137,000

 

 

Accrued dividends

 

840,000

 

1,677,000

 

Deferred tax liability — current

 

38,000

 

38,000

 

Short term portion of long term debt

 

2,600,000

 

500,000

 

Total current liabilities

 

6,578,000

 

3,653,000

 

Long term liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue — non-current

 

125,000

 

382,000

 

Long term debt

 

10,400,000

 

6,438,000

 

Total liabilities

 

17,103,000

 

10,473,000

 

Commitments and Contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $.02 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding

 

 

 

Common stock, $.02 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, 8,400,167 issued and outstanding at October 27, 2012 and 8,387,167 issued and outstanding at January 28, 2012

 

167,000

 

167,000

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

19,985,000

 

19,271,000

 

Retained earnings (deficit)

 

(7,124,000

)

(8,687,000

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

13,028,000

 

10,751,000

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

30,131,000

 

$

21,224,000

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Unaudited

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

Nine months ended

 

 

 

October 27, 2012

 

October 29, 2011

 

October 27, 2012

 

October 29, 2011

 

Royalty revenues

 

$

6,730,000

 

$

6,015,000

 

$

20,551,000

 

$

19,615,000

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

3,404,000

 

4,195,000

 

11,203,000

 

11,451,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

3,326,000

 

1,820,000

 

9,348,000

 

8,164,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(65,000

)

(64,000

)

(138,000

)

(198,000

)

Investment and interest income

 

3,000

 

2,000

 

15,000

 

24,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total other income

 

(62,000

)

(62,000

)

(123,000

)

(174,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

 

3,264,000

 

1,758,000

 

9,225,000

 

7,990,000

 

Income tax provision

 

1,187,000

 

709,000

 

3,469,000

 

2,018,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

2,077,000

 

$

1,049,000

 

$

5,756,000

 

$

5,972,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings per share

 

$

0.25

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.69

 

$

0.70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share

 

$

0.25

 

$

0.12

 

$

0.68

 

$

0.70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

8,397,416

 

8,419,473

 

8,391,666

 

8,476,469

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

8,435,589

 

8,421,385

 

8,404,662

 

8,479,838

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Unaudited

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in

 

Retained

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

Par Value

 

Capital

 

Earnings (Deficit)

 

Total

 

Balance at January 28, 2012

 

8,387,167

 

$

167,000

 

$

19,271,000

 

$

(8,687,000

)

$

10,751,000

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

647,000

 

 

 

647,000

 

Stock options exercised

 

5,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock issuance

 

7,500

 

 

 

67,000

 

 

 

67,000

 

Stock retirement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued and unpaid dividends

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,193,000

)

(4,193,000

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,756,000

 

5,756,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at October 27, 2012

 

8,400,167

 

$

167,000

 

$

19,985,000

 

$

(7,124,000

)

$

13,028,000

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Unaudited

 

 

 

October 27, 2012

 

October 29, 2011

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

5,756,000

 

$

5,972,000

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Bad debt expense

 

 

27,000

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

136,000

 

67,000

 

Amortization of trademarks

 

1,069,000

 

1,026,000

 

Deferred income taxes

 

(371,000

)

759,000

 

Net loss on retirement of assets

 

76,000

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

647,000

 

544,000

 

Deferred revenue

 

(257,000

)

(250,000

)

Changes in current assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease (Increase) in accounts receivable

 

(1,256,000

)

859,000

 

Increase in prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(513,000

)

(110,000

)

Decrease in income taxes receivable

 

275,000

 

1,012,000

 

Increase (Decrease) in accounts payable

 

960,000

 

(105,000

)

Decrease in deferred revenue

 

(216,000

)

(18,000

)

Decrease in accrued compensation

 

(219,000

)

(3,953,000

)

Increase (Decrease) in income taxes payable and other accrued liabilities

 

1,137,000

 

(866,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

7,224,000

 

4,964,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Increase in restricted cash

 

(502,000

)

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(403,000

)

(172,000

)

Purchase of trademarks, registration and renewal costs

 

(13,334,000

)

(200,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(14,239,000

)

(372,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from term loan

 

13,000,000

 

10,000,000

 

Payment of term loan

 

(6,938,000

)

(2,370,000

)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

67,000

 

161,000

 

Issuance of common stock

 

 

200,000

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

(1,885,000

)

Payment of short term notes payable

 

 

(7,260,000

)

Payment of dividends

 

(5,030,000

)

(5,068,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

1,099,000

 

(6,222,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(5,916,000

)

(1,630,000

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

7,421,000

 

9,587,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

1,505,000

 

$

7,957,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during period for:

 

 

 

 

 

Income taxes

 

$

1,481,000

 

$

838,000

 

Interest

 

$

138,000

 

198,000

 

Declaration of dividends

 

$

840,000

 

$

1,677,000

 

 

See the accompanying notes which are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

CHEROKEE INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(1)   Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of October 27, 2012 and for the three and nine month periods ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011 have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These consolidated financial statements have not been audited by independent registered public accountants but include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, which in the opinion of management of Cherokee Inc. (“Cherokee” or the “Company”) are necessary for a fair statement of the financial position and the results of operations for the periods presented.  The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of January 28, 2012 has been derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.  The results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended October 27, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the fiscal year ending February 2, 2013.  For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2012.

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

As used herein, the term “First Quarter” refers to the three months ended April 28, 2012; the term “Second Quarter” refers to the three months ended July 28, 2012; the term “Third Quarter” refers to the three months ended October 27, 2012; the term “Nine Months” refers to the nine months ended October 27, 2012; the term “Fiscal 2013” refers to our fiscal year ending February 2, 2013; the term “Fiscal 2012” refers to our most recent past fiscal year ended January 28, 2012; and the term “Fiscal 2011” refers to our fiscal year ended January 29, 2011.

 

(2)   Acquisitions and Transactions

 

Liz Lange and Completely Me by Liz Lange Brands

 

On September 4, 2012, Cherokee and LLM Management Co., LLC (the “Seller”) entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), pursuant to which Cherokee acquired various assets related to the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands (the “Assets” and such transaction, the “Acquisition”). The Acquisition closed on September 4, 2012.   As consideration for the Acquisition, Cherokee agreed to pay a cash purchase price equal to $13.1 million, with $12.6 million paid by Cherokee concurrently with the closing and with $500,000 of which we agreed to place in an escrow fund that is to be released no later than March 31, 2013, subject to any funds which we recover or that are to be retained pursuant to indemnification claims.  In addition, Cherokee agreed to pay to the Seller additional earn-out payments of $400,000 and $500,000 (for a total of up to $900,000 in contingent consideration), which consideration is payable upon our satisfaction of certain revenues attributable to the Assets during the remainder of 2012 and during 2013.  In addition, as part of the Acquisition, Cherokee agreed to assume the Seller’s obligations under various agreements, which include a consulting agreement with Ms. Lange as well as certain existing license agreements relating to the Assets.  The Asset Purchase Agreement contains various covenants, indemnities, and representations and warranties that are customary for transactions of this type.  For additional information regarding the Acquisition and the Asset Purchase Agreement, please see Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012 and filed with the Commission on September 6, 2012.

 

7



Table of Contents

 

There were no trademark acquisitions during the comparable period last year.

 

Cherokee Brands LLC

 

On October 26, 2012, the Company contributed substantially all the domestic rights of the Company’s “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands to Cherokee Brands, LLC, a newly formed, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.  No gain or loss was recognized as a result of this intercompany transaction.  Further, as a condition to such contribution, Cherokee Brands, LLC executed a continuing security agreement, a trademark security agreement and a continuing guarantee in substantially the same forms that were executed by Cherokee and Spell C. LLC (as applicable) pursuant to our Loan Agreement with JPMorgan Chase.

 

(3)   Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, SPELL C. LLC and Cherokee Brands LLC, both Delaware limited liability corporations.  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

The Company records its allowance for doubtful accounts based upon its assessment of various factors, such as: historical experience, age of accounts receivable balances, credit quality of our licensees, current economic conditions, bankruptcy, and other factors that may affect our licensees’ ability to pay.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

We consider all highly liquid debt instruments purchased and money market funds purchased with an original maturity date of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenues from royalty and brand representation agreements are recognized when earned by applying contractual royalty rates to quarterly point of sale data received from our licensees. Our royalty recognition policy provides for recognition of royalties in the quarter earned, although a large portion of such royalty payments are actually received during the month following the end of a quarter. Revenues are not recognized unless collectability is reasonably assured. Our agreement with Target for the Cherokee brand in the U.S. accounts for the majority of our historical revenues and is structured to provide royalty rate reductions once certain cumulative levels of sales are achieved. With respect to Target’s sales in the U.S., revenue is recognized by applying the reduced contractual royalty rates prospectively to point of sale data as defined sales thresholds are exceeded. The royalty rate reductions do not apply retroactively to sales since the beginning of the fiscal year. As a result, our royalty revenues as a percentage of Target’s retail sales in the U.S. are highest at the beginning of each fiscal year and decrease during the fiscal year as Target exceeds sales thresholds as set forth in our agreement with Target. The amount of royalty revenue earned by us from Target in any quarter is dependent not only on Target’s retail sales of Cherokee branded products in the U.S. in each quarter, but also on the royalty rate then in effect after considering Target’s cumulative level of retail sales for Cherokee branded products in the U.S. for the fiscal year. Historically this has caused our first quarter to be our highest revenue and profitability quarter; our second quarter to be our next highest quarter; and our third and fourth quarters to be our lowest quarters. However, such historical patterns may vary in the future, depending upon the execution of new license agreements and retail sales volumes achieved in each quarter from Target and also on the revenues we receive from other licensees that do not pay us reduced royalty rates based upon cumulative sales.

 

8



Table of Contents

 

Deferred Revenue

 

Deferred revenues represent minimum licensee revenue royalties paid in advance, the majority of which are non-refundable to the licensee.

 

Earnings Per Share Computation

 

The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted per-share computations for the three and nine month periods ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

 

October 27,
2012

 

October 29,
2011

 

October 27,
2012

 

October 29,
2011

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income-numerator for net income per common share and net income per common share assuming dilution

 

$

2,077,000

 

$

1,049,000

 

$

5,756,000

 

$

5,972,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for net income per common share — weighted average Shares

 

8,397,416

 

8,419,473

 

8,391,666

 

8,476,469

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock options

 

38,173

 

1,912

 

12,996

 

3,369

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for net income per common share, assuming dilution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted weighted average shares and assumed exercises

 

8,435,589

 

8,421,385

 

8,404,662

 

8,479,838

 

 

The computation for diluted number of shares excludes unexercised stock options which are anti-dilutive. There were 772,500 and 1,043,000 of anti-dilutive shares for the three months ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011, respectively. There were 772,500 and 619,163 of anti-dilutive shares for the nine month periods ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011, respectively.

 

Significant Contracts

 

In 1997, we entered into an agreement with Target that grants Target the exclusive right in the United States to use the Cherokee trademarks in certain categories of merchandise. The current terms of our relationship with Target are set forth in a restated license agreement with Target, which was entered into effective as of February 1, 2008 and amended on December 1, 2011 (the “Restated Target Agreement”). The Restated Target Agreement grants Target the exclusive right in the United States to use the Cherokee trademarks in various specified categories of merchandise. In addition, pursuant to a Canada Affiliate Agreement between Cherokee and Target Canada Co., dated December 1, 2011 (the “Target Canada Agreement”), and subject to our agreement with Zellers, the terms of the Restated Target Agreement will apply to the territory of Canada effective as of February 1, 2013 and Target will have exclusive rights to the Cherokee brand within the territory of Canada effective as of January 31, 2014 (or earlier if our agreement with Zellers terminates before such date).

 

9



Table of Contents

 

The term of the Restated Target Agreement continues through January 31, 2013. However, the Restated Target Agreement provides that if Target remains current in its payments of the minimum guaranteed royalty of $9.0 million for Fiscal 2013, then the term of the Restated Target Agreement will continue to renew automatically for successive fiscal year terms provided that Target does not give notice of its intention to terminate the Restated Target Agreement during February of the calendar year prior to termination. In addition, effective as of February 1, 2013, the minimum guaranteed royalty for Target will increase to $10.5 million and will apply to all sales made by Target in the United States or in Canada as contemplated by the Target Canada Agreement. Under the Restated Target Agreement, Target has agreed to pay royalties based on a percentage of Target’s net sales of Cherokee branded merchandise in the U.S. during each fiscal year ended January 31st, which percentage varies according to the volume of sales of merchandise. Under the Target Canada Agreement, Target has agreed to pay a fixed royalty rate based on a percentage of Target’s net sales of Cherokee branded merchandise in Canada during each fiscal quarter. Royalty revenues from Target totaled $13.8 million in Fiscal 2012, $13.0 million in Fiscal 2011 and $13.2 million in Fiscal 2010.

 

We also have other licensing agreements regarding our brands, including with Tesco for our Cherokee brand in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Turkey. For a more complete description of certain of our license agreements and other commercial agreements, please see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for Fiscal 2012, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on April 12, 2012.

 

On September 4, 2012, Cherokee and LLM Management Co., LLC entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement pursuant to which Cherokee acquired assets related to the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands. See Note 2 (“Acquisitions and Transactions”) above.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We currently maintain two equity-based compensation plans:  (i) the 2003 Incentive Award Plan as amended in 2006 with the adoption of the 2006 Incentive Award Plan (the “2003 Plan”); and (ii) the 2006 Incentive Award Plan (the “2006 Plan”).  Each of these equity based compensation plans provide for the issuance of equity-based awards to officers and other employees and directors, and they have previously been approved by our stockholders.  Stock options issued to employees are granted at the market price on the date of grant, generally vest over a three-year period, and generally expire seven to ten years from the date of grant.  We issue new shares of common stock upon exercise of stock options.

 

2003 Plan—The 2003 Plan was approved at the June 9, 2003 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, and amended on June 13, 2006 with the adoption of the 2006 Plan by the Company’s Stockholders at the June 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.  Under the 2003 Plan, the Company is authorized to grant up to 250,000 shares of common stock in the form of incentive and nonqualified options and restricted stock awards.  The maximum number of shares which may be subject to grants under the 2003 Plan to any individual in any calendar year cannot exceed 100,000.  During the First Quarter, we granted to certain employees stock options with a seven-year term to purchase a total of 70,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $10.92 per share (the closing price on the date of grant) pursuant to the 2003 Plan. During the Second and Third Quarter, we did not make any grants pursuant to the 2003 Plan. As of October 27, 2012, there were 55,315 shares available for issuance under the 2003 Plan.

 

2006 Plan—The 2006 Plan was approved at the June 2006 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and amended at the June 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, under which the Company is authorized to grant up to 750,000 shares of common stock in the form of incentive and nonqualified options and restricted stock awards. The maximum number of shares that may be subject to grant under the 2006 Plan to any individual in any calendar year cannot exceed 100,000. During the First Quarter, we granted to certain employees stock options with a seven-year term to purchase 10,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $10.92 per share (the closing price on the date of grant) pursuant to the 2006 Plan. During the Second Quarter, we granted to certain employees and non-employee directors stock options with a seven-year term to purchase a total of 213,000 shares of our common stock at exercise prices of $13.06 and $14.12 per share (which were the closing prices on the date of each applicable grant) pursuant to the 2006 Plan.   In addition, during the Second Quarter, we granted to each of our non-employee directors restricted stock awards for 1,500 shares, or 7,500 shares in total, of our common stock pursuant to the 2006 Plan.  During the Third Quarter, we did not make any grants pursuant to the 2006 Plan. During the Third Quarter, 5,500 stock options were exercised at $13.06 per share. As of October 27, 2012, there were 52,500 shares available for issuance under the 2006 Plan.

 

10



Table of Contents

 

Following the approval by Cherokee’s stockholders, on June 4, 2010, we issued to Robert Margolis, our former Executive Chairman, a non-qualified stock option to purchase 100,000 shares of our Common Stock (the “Margolis Option”) at an exercise price of $18.49, which was the closing price of our Common Stock on June 4, 2010. The Margolis Option was not issued pursuant to any of Cherokee’s existing equity incentive plans. Pursuant to its original terms, the Margolis Option was to vest contingent on Mr. Margolis’ continued service as a member of our Board of Directors in two equal installments of 50,000, on January 31, 2011 and January 31, 2012; however, pursuant to our separation with Mr. Margolis, the vesting applicable to the Margolis Option was accelerated in full. The Margolis Option is exercisable until June 4, 2015.

 

In addition, in connection with the appointment of Mr. Stupp as our Chief Executive Officer, on August 26, 2010, we granted to Mr. Stupp an option to purchase shares (the “Stupp Option”) of Cherokee’s common stock as an inducement grant outside of the 2006 Plan, subject to vesting requirements and other terms. The Stupp Option was originally exercisable for up to a total of 300,000 shares and the maximum number of shares for which the Stupp Option may exercise is 187,500 as of the date of this report (subject to applicable vesting conditions set forth in the Stupp Option). This grant of stock options was entered into as an inducement material for Mr. Stupp to enter into employment with Cherokee. While the grant of the Stupp Option was made outside of the 2006 Plan, the grant is consistent with applicable terms of the 2006 Plan. See the description of the Stupp Option in Note 5. (“Related Party Transactions”) below.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized for the Nine Months was $647,000, as compared to $544,000 for the comparable period in the prior year.

 

The estimated fair value of options granted during Fiscal 2013 and Fiscal 2012 as of each grant date was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 

 

 

Fiscal 2013

 

Fiscal 2012

 

Expected Dividend Yield

 

5.67% to 7.33%

 

4.65% to 6.67%

 

Expected Volatility

 

51.63 to 53.33

 

49.28 to 51.21

 

Avg. Risk-Free Rate

 

0.57% to 1.01%

 

1.1%

 

Expected Life (in years)

 

4.5

 

4.5 to 5.0

 

Estimated Forfeiture Rate

 

17%

 

30%

 

 

The expected term of the options represents the estimated period of time until exercise and is based on historical experience of similar options, giving consideration to the contractual terms, vesting schedules and expectations of future employee behavior. Expected stock price volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock price. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant with an equivalent remaining term. Our dividend yield is based on the past dividends paid and the current dividend yield at the time of grant.

 

11



Table of Contents

 

A summary of activity for the Company’s stock options for the Nine Months is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remaining

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Contractual

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

Term

 

Intrinsic

 

 

 

Shares

 

Price

 

(in years)

 

Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, at January 28, 2012

 

973,833

 

$

17.92

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

293,000

 

11.75

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(5,500

)

13.06

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled/forfeited

 

(186,333

)

18.44

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding, at October 27, 2012

 

1,075,000

 

16.37

 

4.67

 

662,870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vested and Exercisable at October 27, 2012

 

458,831

 

17.66

 

3.42

 

67,870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-vested and not exercisable at October 27, 2012

 

616,169

 

15.42

 

5.38

 

595,000

 

 

As of October 27, 2012, total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested stock options was approximately $1,969,929 and $91,127 for restricted stock awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.65 and 2.65 years, respectively.  The total fair value of all options which vested during the Nine Months was $820,659.

 

Trademarks

 

Trademark acquisition, registration, and renewal fees which were capitalized during the Third Quarter and Nine Months totaled $13,181,000 and $13,334,000, respectively, predominantly due to the acquisition of assets related to the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands.  In comparison, for the Third Quarter and Nine months of last year, the total trademark registration and renewal fees capitalized totaled $27,000 and $200,000, respectively.

 

Income Taxes

 

Income tax expense recognized for the Third Quarter was $1,187,000, resulting in an effective tax rate of 36.4%, as compared with 40.3% in the third quarter of last year and compared with 28.0% for the full year of Fiscal 2012. Our lower effective tax rate in Fiscal 2012 was primarily the result of settling income tax examinations with the California Franchise Tax Board related to our apportionment of income.

 

The Company files U.S. federal and state income tax returns. For our federal income tax returns, the Company is generally no longer subject to tax examinations for fiscal years prior to Fiscal 2009. With limited exception, our significant state tax jurisdictions are no longer subject to examinations by the various tax authorities for fiscal years prior to 2008. Although the outcome of tax audits is always uncertain, we believe that adequate amounts of tax, interest and penalties, if any, have been provided for in our income tax reserve for any adjustments that may result from future tax audits. We recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits within the provision for income taxes in our consolidated statement of income. As of January 28, 2012 and October 27, 2012, respectively, accrued interest on a gross basis was $130,000 and $171,000.

 

As of January 28, 2012 and October 27, 2012, respectively, the total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits was approximately $900,000 and $928,000, of which approximately $603,000 represents the amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In May 2011, the FASB issued an update to ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”). ASC 820 clarifies the principle that fair value should be based on the assumptions market participants would use when pricing an asset or liability and establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the information used to develop those assumptions. Under the standard, fair value measurements would be separately disclosed by level within the fair value hierarchy. ASC 820 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. We adopted ASC 820 on the first day of Fiscal 2009, and this adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

12



Table of Contents

 

(4)    Dividends

 

On January 28, 2012, our Board of Directors declared a dividend of $1.7 million, or $0.20 per share, which was paid on March 12, 2012.  On April 28, 2012, our Board of Directors declared a dividend of $1.7 million, or $0.20 per share, which was paid on June 15, 2012 to stockholders of record as of June 1, 2012.  On July 28, 2012, our Board of Directors declared a dividend of $1.7 million, or $0.20 per share, which was paid on September 15, 2012 to stockholders of record as of September 1, 2012. On October 27, 2012, our Board of Directors declared a dividend of $840,000, or $0.10 per share, which is to be paid on December 15, 2012 to stockholders of record as of December 1, 2012.

 

(5) Related Party Transactions

 

Employment Agreement with our Chief Executive Officer

 

On August 26, 2010, we entered into an employment agreement with our Chief Executive Officer, Henry Stupp, which has been subsequently amended pursuant to amendment agreements on each of January 28, 2011, April 13, 2011 and July 27, 2011 (such employment agreement, as amended, the “Employment Agreement”). Pursuant to the Employment Agreement, (i) on August 26, 2010, Mr. Stupp purchased 81,967 shares of our common stock at a per share price of $18.30 (which was equal to the closing price of Cherokee’s common stock on such date), for aggregate proceeds of $1,500,000 and (ii) on July 28, 2011, Mr. Stupp purchased 12,562 shares of Cherokee’s common stock at a per share price of $15.92 (which was equal to the closing price of Cherokee’s common stock on such date), for aggregate proceeds of approximately $200,000 (all such shares purchased by Mr. Stupp, collectively, the “Shares”). The sales of the Shares were made pursuant to an exemption from registration provided by Section 4(2) of the Act, including pursuant to Rule 506 thereunder (as Mr. Stupp is an “accredited investor” under Rule 506 and the sales were made without any form of general solicitation and with full access to any information requested by Mr. Stupp regarding Cherokee or its common stock). In addition, pursuant to the Employment Agreement, Mr. Stupp agreed to purchase an aggregate of $600,000 of our common stock in increments of $200,000 on or before October 31, 2011, January 31, 2012 and April 30, 2012 (such additional shares, the “Subsequent Shares”). Mr. Stupp elected not purchase the Subsequent Shares to be purchased on or before October 31, 2011, January, 31, 2012 and April 30, 2012, and, as a result, a total of 112,500 of the shares subject to the Option (as described below) have been forfeited, leaving a balance of 187,500 shares subject to the Option. In addition, on June 18, 2012, the Committee awarded Mr. Stupp with an additional option to purchase up to 90,000 shares of the Company’s common stock under the 2006 Plan with an exercise price of $13.06, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on the date of grant. These stock options vest in equal annual installments over the next three years and are subject to a seven year term.

 

On June 18, 2012, the Committee approved an increase of Mr. Stupp’s base salary to $600,000, with such salary increase to be retroactive to February 1, 2012. In addition, for Fiscal 2012, Mr. Stupp was entitled to receive a performance bonus (the “Performance Bonus”) equal to five percent of Cherokee’s pre-tax income during such fiscal year in excess of a threshold amount of $20,000,000, subject to a maximum of $650,000 per fiscal year. Mr. Stupp did not receive any portion of the Performance Bonus for Fiscal 2012. For Fiscal 2013, the Committee determined that Mr. Stupp will be eligible to receive a cash bonus with a bonus target of $200,000 and a maximum of $400,000, subject to the Company achieving certain performance targets during Fiscal 2013 and other factors the Committee may deem appropriate. The amount of any such bonus will be determined by the Committee within 75 days of the end of Fiscal 2013.  Mr. Stupp’s services as our Chief Executive Officer are at will. The Employment Agreement expires as of January 31, 2014, unless earlier terminated by Cherokee or by Mr. Stupp or extended by mutual agreement.

 

Pursuant to the Employment Agreement, Cherokee has agreed to certain indemnification obligations to Mr. Stupp related to his service to Cherokee in his capacity as an officer or director of Cherokee. In addition, pursuant to the Employment Agreement, Cherokee filed with the SEC a registration statement to effect the registration for resale of the shares purchased by Mr. Stupp pursuant to the Employment Agreement and the shares of Common Stock that may be acquired upon exercise of the Option (as described below).

 

13



Table of Contents

 

In connection with Mr. Stupp’s appointment, on August 26, 2010, we granted Mr. Stupp an option to purchase up to 300,000 shares of our common stock (the “Option”) pursuant to a Stock Option Agreement (the “Stock Option Agreement”) as an inducement grant outside of the 2006 Plan, which grant was subsequently amended on July 26, 2012 to transfer fifty percent of the shares subject to the Option to Mr. Stupp’s former spouse. The maximum number of shares subject to the Option is currently 187,500 as a result of the forfeiture of a total of 112,500 shares described above. The Stock Option Agreement was entered into as a material inducement for Mr. Stupp to enter into employment with Cherokee. While the grant of the Option was made outside of the 2006 Plan, the grant is consistent with applicable terms of the 2006 Plan. The Option has an exercise price of $18.30 per share, which was the closing price of Cherokee’s common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on the date of grant. The Option vests in five equal annual installments beginning on January 31, 2012, and vesting in four additional increments on each yearly anniversary thereafter. In addition, in the event of a change in control of Cherokee, an additional twenty percent of the total shares subject to the Option shall vest. The Option has a term of six years and will be forfeited if not exercised before the expiration of the term. Except as noted above, the Option is not transferable and is not exercisable by anyone other than Mr. Stupp or his former spouse during their lifetimes. If Mr. Stupp’s service to Cherokee is terminated for any reason, the Option shall cease vesting upon such termination.

 

(6) Debt

 

Former Loan Agreement with U.S. Bank

 

On February 16, 2011, Cherokee and U.S. Bank National Association (“U.S. Bank”) entered into a Term Loan Agreement which was restated on December 7, 2011. The restated loan agreement consisted of (i) a term loan in the principal amount of $5,000,000 and a two year maturity date and (ii) a term loan in the principal amount of $2,000,000 and a four year maturity. On June 5, 2012, Cherokee prepaid all outstanding principal and interest on the restated loan agreement. As a result, Cherokee currently has no outstanding borrowings under the Term Loan Agreement with U.S. Bank.

 

Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase

 

On September 4, 2012, and in connection with the Acquisition, Cherokee and JPMorgan Chase entered into the Credit Agreement.  Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, JPMorgan Chase agreed to lend to Cherokee up to $15 million in principal (the “Loan”).  The Loan is comprised of (i) a term loan in the principal amount of $13 million (the “Term Loan”), with interest on each advance equal to either: (i) an adjusted annual LIBOR rate reset monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly, plus 2.75% or (ii) JPMorgan’s annual prime rate minus 0.25%, with a floor equal to the 1 month LIBOR Rate plus 2.5%, and (ii) a revolving line of credit in the principal amount of $2 million (the “Revolver”), with interest on each advance equal to either: (i) an adjusted annual LIBOR rate reset monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly, plus 2.25% or (ii) JPMorgan’s annual prime rate minus 0.5%, with a floor equal to the 1 month LIBOR Rate plus 2.5%.  The Term Loan is subject to a five year maturity date and is to be repaid in equal quarterly payments of principal in the amount of $650,000, together with interest payments made monthly as set forth in the Term Loan.  The Revolver is subject to a three year maturity date and is to be repaid in monthly interest payments on any principal then outstanding, with the balance of any then-outstanding principal and interest to be repaid at maturity.  Cherokee paid an upfront fee equal to $65,000 in connection with the issuance of the Term Loan and is obligated to pay a monthly non-usage fee of 0.25% per annum, in arrears, computed on the average daily unused portion of the Revolver, subject to Cherokee’s right to terminate the Revolver prior to maturity.  In addition, Cherokee is obligated to pay an unspecified amount to be determined by JPMorgan Chase to compensate it for its loss in the event that Cherokee elects to repay all or a portion of the Loan prior to its maturity.  The proceeds from the Term Loan were borrowed to fund the Acquisition.

 

14



Table of Contents

 

The Loan is evidenced by a term note in the principal amount of $13,000,000 and a line of credit note in the principal amount of up to $2,000,000, is secured by continuing security agreements and trademark security agreements executed by Cherokee and Cherokee Brands, LLC and is supported by continuing guaranties executed by Cherokee’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Spell C. LLC and Cherokee Brands, LLC (collectively, with the Credit Agreement, the “Loan Documents”). The Credit Agreement contains various affirmative and negative covenants that are customary for loan agreements and transactions of this type, including limitations on our ability to incur debt or other liabilities and limitations on our ability to consummate acquisitions in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate at any time while the Loan is outstanding. In addition, the Credit Agreement prohibits us, without first obtaining JPMorgan’s consent, from (i) issuing any equity securities other than pursuant to our employee equity incentive plans and (ii) repurchasing or redeeming any outstanding shares of our common stock or paying dividends or other distributions, other than stock dividends, to our stockholders, unless such repurchases or other distributions would not cause us to be in violation of the “fixed charge coverage ratio” (described below) after giving pro forma effect thereto.  The Loan Agreement also imposes the following financial covenants, as specifically defined therein, including: (i) a minimum “fixed charge coverage ratio” of at least 1.2 to 1.0 to be calculated quarterly on a trailing four quarter basis and (ii) a limitation of Cherokee’s “senior funded debt ratio” not to exceed 2.0 to 1.0, measured at any time and based on the ratio of Cherokee’s consolidated total debt to Cherokee’s EBITDA for its most recently completed four-quarter test period. Further, as collateral for the Loan, we granted a security interest in favor of the Bank in all of Cherokee’s assets (including trademarks), and the Loan is guaranteed by Cherokee’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Spell C. LLC and Cherokee Brands, LLC. In the event of a default under the Credit Agreement, JPMorgan Chase has the right to terminate its obligations under the Credit Agreement, accelerate the payment on any unpaid balance of the Credit Agreement and exercise its other rights under the Loan Documents, including foreclosing on our assets under the security agreements. For additional information regarding the Loan Documents, please see Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4 and filed with the Commission on September 6, 2012.

 

15



Table of Contents

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Cautionary note regarding forward looking statements

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q and other filings which we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”), as well as press releases and other written or oral statements we may make may contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. When used, the words “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “objectives”, “goals”, “aims”, “hopes”, “may”, “likely”, “should” and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In particular, the forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q include, among others, statements regarding our goals or expectations regarding our future revenues and earnings, the likelihood of increased retail sales by our current and future licensees, such as Target and Tesco, the likelihood that our licensees will achieve royalty rate reductions, our prospects for obtaining new licensees and our prospects for obtaining new brands to acquire or represent. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results, performance, achievements or share price to be materially different from any future results, performance, achievements or share price expressed or implied by any forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the financial condition of the apparel industry and the retail industry, the overall level of consumer spending and our exposure to general economic conditions, the effect of intense competition we face from other apparel lines both within and outside of Target, adverse changes in licensee or consumer acceptance of products bearing the Cherokee brand or our other brands as a result of fashion trends or otherwise, our ability to protect our intellectual property rights,  the ability and/or commitment of our licensees to design, manufacture and market Cherokee or our other branded products, our dependence on Target for a substantial portion of our revenues, our dependence on our key management personnel, the success of our strategic and marketing initiatives, the benefits to us of our recently acquired assets related to the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands, the possibility that we may engage in additional strategic transactions that could impact our liquidity, increase our expenses or present significant distractions to our management, any adverse determination of claims, liabilities or litigation, the requirements under our credit agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, our ability to issue preferred stock with rights and privileges that are superior to those of our common stock, our payment or non-payment of dividends in future periods and the volatility in the trading price of our common stock. Several of these risks and uncertainties are discussed in more detail under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of Part II of this Report on Form 10-Q or in the discussion and analysis below. You should, however, understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all risks and uncertainties and you should not consider the risks and uncertainties identified by us to be a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties that could materially affect us. You should not place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements we make herein because some or all of them may turn out to be wrong. We undertake no obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future events and developments.

 

Introduction

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Report on Form 10-Q.  See “Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements” and our Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended January 28, 2012 (“Fiscal 2012”).

 

Cherokee Inc. (which may be referred to as we, us, our or the Company) is a global marketer and manager of a portfolio of lifestyle brands it owns or represents, licensing the Cherokee, Sideout and Carole Little brands and related trademarks and other brands in multiple consumer product categories and sectors. We are one of the leading licensors of style-focused lifestyle brands for apparel, footwear, home and accessories in the world.

 

Cherokee was incorporated in Delaware in 1988. Our principal executive offices are located at 5990 Sepulveda Boulevard, Sherman Oaks, California 91411, telephone (818) 908-9868. We maintain a website with the address www.thecherokeegroup.com. We are not including the information contained on our website as part of, or incorporating it by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

16



Table of Contents

 

We own several trademarks, including Cherokee®, Sideout®, Sideout Sport®, Carole Little®, Saint Tropez-West®, Chorus Line®, All That Jazz®, Liz Lange®, Completely Me by Liz Lange®, and others. As of October 27, 2012, we had thirty continuing license agreements covering both domestic and international markets. As part of our business strategy, we frequently evaluate other brands and trademarks for acquisition into our portfolio.

 

In addition to licensing our own brands, we also assist other brand-owners, companies, wholesalers and retailers in identifying opportunities as a licensee or licensor for their brands or stores.

 

We have a 52 or 53 week fiscal year ending on the Saturday nearest to January 31, which aligns us with our retailer licensees who generally also operate and plan using such a fiscal year. This results in a 53 week fiscal year approximately every four or five years. We do not believe that the extra week in the occasionally reported 53-week fiscal year results in any material impact on our financial results. In addition, certain of our international licensees report royalties to us for quarterly and annual periods which may differ from ours. We do not believe that the varying quarterly or annual period ending dates applicable to our international licensees have a material impact upon our reported financial results, as these international licensees maintain comparable annual periods in which they report retail sales and royalties to us on a year-to-year basis.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, deferred taxes, impairment of long-lived assets, contingencies and litigation. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

We consider accounting policies relating to the following areas to be both those most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and those that require the most subjective judgment:

 

·                  Revenue recognition;

 

·                  Provision for income taxes and deferred taxes;

 

·                  Impairment of long-lived assets;

 

·                  Contingencies and litigation; and

 

·                  Accounting for stock-based compensation.

 

You should refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for Fiscal 2012, for a discussion of our policies on revenue recognition, deferred taxes, impairment of long-lived assets, contingencies and litigation and accounting for stock-based compensation.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

We describe recent accounting pronouncements in Item 1 — “Consolidated Financial Statements — Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.”

 

17



Table of Contents

 

Results of Operations

 

Retail Sales

 

During the quarterly period ended October 27, 2012 (the “Third Quarter”), total U.S. dollar based retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand were up 6.5% when compared to the total U.S. dollar based retail sales for the third quarter of last year, with U.S. dollar based retail sales totaling approximately $352.2 million in our Third Quarter versus approximately $330.6 million in total U.S. dollar based retail sales for the Third Quarter of last year. During the nine month period ended October 27, 2012 (the “Nine Months”), total U.S. dollar based retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand were 7.8% above the total U.S. dollar based retail sales for the comparable nine month period of last year, with U.S. dollar based retail sales totaling approximately $975.2 million in the Nine Months versus approximately $904.8 million in total U.S. dollar based retail sales for the comparable period of last year.   Most of this increase is the result of an increase in sales of Cherokee branded products at Target, as compared to the comparable periods of last year. The increase in sales at Target was partially offset by a decrease in sales for Cherokee branded products at Tesco as compared to the comparable periods of last year.

 

Pursuant to our typical arrangements with our licensees, we receive quarterly royalty statements and periodic retail sales information for Cherokee branded products and other product brands that we own or represent. However, our licensees are generally not required to provide, and typically do not provide, information that would enable us to determine the specific reasons for period-to-period fluctuations in retail sales of our branded products by our licensees in the specific territories in which they operate. As a result, and except as noted elsewhere in Cherokee’s comparisons of its financial results discussed herein, Cherokee does not have sufficient information required to determine the effects on our operations of changes in price, volume or product mix by our licensees. Fluctuations in retail sales of Cherokee branded products or other product brands that we own or represent may be the result of a variety of factors, including, without limitation: (i) changes in the number of product categories for which a licensee chooses to use our brands from period-to-period, which generally results in changes in the amount of inventory (utilizing our brands) available for sale from period-to-period; (ii) the number of geographical markets/territories or number of stores in which our licensees are currently selling Cherokee or our other branded products from period-to-period; or (iii) our licensees experiencing changes in retail sales levels as a result of a variety of factors, including fashion-related and general retail sales trends (See Item 1A of Part II—“Risk Factors”).

 

During the Third Quarter and Nine Months, retail sales of Cherokee branded products by Target Stores totaled approximately $276.4 million and $738.5 million, respectively compared to approximately $244.5 million and $582.1 million for the third quarter and nine months of last year, or an increase of 13.1% and 26.9%, respectively.  As a result, our royalty revenues for the Third Quarter and Nine Months from Target Stores increased compared to the comparable periods last year.  We attribute the increase in sales at Target during the Third Quarter and during the Nine Months to increased demand for Cherokee-branded products in the U.S.

 

Tesco’s U.S. dollar based retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand, which for the Third Quarter and last year’s comparable period included the U.K., Ireland, Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia, were $1.6 million in our Third Quarter, compared to $22.2 million in the third quarter of last year, representing a total decline of 93.0%. Tesco’s U.S. dollar based retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand for the Nine Months was $15.1 million compared to $142.1 million for the comparable period last year, representing a decline of 89.4%.  This decline was due to a reduction of Cherokee branded product categories in the UK and Central European countries during the Third Quarter and Nine Months as compared to the prior periods last year.  Retail sales in the United Kingdom, as measured in British Pounds Sterling, were down 94.7% and 89.2% in the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to the comparable periods in the prior year.  Hence, retail sales in U.S. dollars for the United Kingdom totaled $1.0 million and $11.6 million in the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $18.0 million and $107.8 million in the comparable periods of last year.  The Tesco Central European countries of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary, as measured in their respective local currencies, reflected decreases in retail sales ranging from 72% to 82% and 76% to 93% during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively.  As a consequence the collective U.S. dollar based retail sales from Tesco Central Europe for the Third Quarter and Nine Months were $0.6 million and $2.8 million, as compared to $2.8 million and $29.1 million in the comparable periods of last year. Retail sales in Ireland were down 97.2% and 87.0% in the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to the comparable periods in the prior year. Hence, retail sales in U.S. dollars for Ireland totaled $0.04 million and $0.7 million in the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $1.4 million and $5.2 million in the comparable periods of last year.

 

18



Table of Contents

 

Zeller’s retail sales of merchandise bearing the Cherokee brand, in U.S. dollars, were approximately $26.3 million and $85.6 million during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, compared to $30.0 million and $74.9 million for the third quarter and nine months of last year, respectively, representing a 11.7% decrease for the Third Quarter and a 14.3% increase for the Nine Months. We believe the quarterly decrease is primarily attributable to the closure of Zeller’s stores throughout Canada as Zellers winds down and transitions its business to Target in Canada. We believe the increase in sales at Zellers during the Nine Months is primarily attributable to the reintroduction of the adult apparel category at Zellers and the generally positive acceptance of the Cherokee brand in the Canadian marketplace, together with an increase in sales volume as customers continue to purchase Cherokee branded products during the liquidation process at Zellers stores.

 

Royalty Revenues and Expenses

 

Total royalty revenues received by Cherokee for all brands were $6.7 million and $20.6 million during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $6.0 million and $19.6 million reported during the comparable periods of last year.  Revenues from the Cherokee brand were $6.1 million and $19.0 million during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $5.7 million and $17.5 million for the comparable periods of last year.  Of such revenues for the Cherokee brand, $3.9 million and $12.2 million were recognized from Target stores during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $3.7 million and $10.2 million for the comparable periods last year.  Revenues from all of the Tesco countries were $0.2 million and $0.5 million during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, compared to $0.4 million and $2.6 million for the comparable periods last year. We attribute the increased royalties that we received for Cherokee branded products primarily due to an increase in royalty revenues from several of our licensees including Target and Zellers, in addition to our new partnerships in Japan and Russia. These royalty revenue increases during the Third Quarter and the Nine Months entirely offset and exceeded the revenue reductions we experienced during the same periods in Fiscal 2013 that are attributable to decreased sales at Tesco as well as the non-renewal of Norma Kamali’s license agreement with Wal-Mart.

 

Revenues from Zellers decreased 12.9% during the Third Quarter and increased 13.5% during the Nine Months, respectively, resulting in royalties of $0.5 million and $1.7 million compared to $0.6 and $1.5 million for the comparable periods of last year.  As indicated above, we believe the quarterly decrease in royalties is primarily attributable to the closure of Zeller’s stores throughout Canada as Zellers winds down and transitions its business to Target in Canada. We believe the increase in royalties at Zellers during the Nine Months is primarily attributable to the reintroduction of the adult apparel category at Zellers and the generally positive acceptance of the Cherokee brand in the Canadian marketplace, together with an increase in sales volume as customers continue to purchase Cherokee branded products during the liquidation process at Zellers stores.

 

The Liz Lange assets were acquired on September 4, 2012. Accordingly, the consolidated royalty revenue received by Cherokee after the acquisition was $0.4 million and $0.4 million during the Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively.  There is no comparable royalty revenue for the prior year.

 

Revenues from our brand representation licensing arrangements totaled $27,000 and $65,000 in our Third Quarter and Nine Months, respectively, as compared to $31,000 and $1.1 million for the comparable periods last year.

 

Most of our international licensees are required to pay the royalty revenues owed to us in U.S. dollars. As a consequence, any weakening of the U.S. dollar benefits us in that the total royalty revenues reported from our international licensees increases when the dollar weakens against such foreign currencies.  Conversely, any strengthening of the U.S. dollar against such licensee’s foreign currency results in lower royalty revenues from such licensee. We do not anticipate that the exchange rate fluctuation will have a material impact, positive or negative, on our business as a whole.

 

19



Table of Contents

 

Our disclosure related to the sales of our international licensees throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is denominated in U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted. In arriving at such denominations, Cherokee receives a schedule of retail sales on a monthly and/or quarterly basis from each of our licensees which are denominated in the applicable foreign currency. These amounts are then converted by us to U.S. dollars using an average monthly and/or quarterly exchange rate for the purpose of the disclosure of the retail sales denominated in U.S. dollars. In all periods presented in this report, Cherokee does not consider the period fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates to have had a significant effect on accuracy of the U.S. dollar-denominated figures presented in this Form 10-Q.

 

Our license agreement with Target for the Cherokee brand in the U.S. provides for reduced royalty rates based on volume thresholds once specified cumulative levels of retail sales are achieved during each fiscal year. The royalty rate reductions do not apply retroactively to Target’s retail sales since the beginning of the year. As a result, for such license agreement our royalty revenues as a percentage of Target’s retail sales in the U.S. are highest at the beginning of each fiscal year and decrease during the fiscal year as Target exceeds sales thresholds as outlined in its license agreement. The amount of royalty revenue earned by us in any quarter is dependent not only on retail sales in each quarter, but also on the royalty rate then in effect after considering the cumulative level of retail sales for the fiscal year. Royalty revenues during the First Quarter benefitted from higher royalty rates applied under our contract with Target for the Cherokee brand in the U.S. during the period because the cumulative retail sales during the First Quarter had not exceeded the applicable thresholds for reduced royalty rates during Fiscal 2013. By contrast, royalty revenues were lower during the Second Quarter in comparison to the First Quarter in part as a result of Target paying us a lower royalty rate on its sales of Cherokee branded products in the U.S. during such period. Nonetheless, aggregate royalties during the Third Quarter were higher than royalties for the Second Quarter, which we attribute in part to increased sales of Cherokee branded products at Target during the Third Quarter. In the event that Target’s cumulative retail sales of Cherokee branded products in the U.S. during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2013 exceed the applicable thresholds for reduced royalty rates, which we expect may occur, we will then be entitled to a reduced royalty rate on incremental retail sales by Target that are in excess of such thresholds. Historically, this has caused our first quarter to be our highest revenue and profitability quarter; our second quarter to be our next highest quarter; and our third and fourth quarters to be our lowest quarters. However, such historical patterns may vary in the future, depending upon the product mix and retail sales volumes achieved in each quarter by Target for Cherokee branded merchandise in the U.S. and also on the revenues we receive from various other licensees that do not pay us reduced royalty rates based upon cumulative sales (including, for example, our agreement with Target for the Liz Lange brand). As indicated above, royalties from Target during the Third Quarter exceeded royalties from Target during the Second Quarter.  Conversely, the Liz Lange royalty rate in the license agreement assumed with Target for the brand is consistent throughout the year.

 

Our revenue recognition policy provides for recognition of royalties in the quarter royalties are earned, although a large portion of such royalty payments are actually received during the month following the end of a quarter.  Our trade receivables balance of $6.6 million and $5.8 million as of the end of the Third Quarter and the end of the third quarter of last year, respectively, included an accrual for royalty revenues earned, and these receivables were subsequently received in the following quarter.

 

Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the Third Quarter and Nine Months were $3.4 million and $11.2 million, or 50.6% and 54.5% of revenues, respectively, in comparison to selling, general and administrative expenses of $4.19 million and $11.45 million, or 69.7% and 58.3% of revenues, respectively, of revenues during the comparable periods last year.  The decrease in our selling, general and administrative expenses during the Third Quarter of approximately $0.79 million in comparison to the third quarter of last year was primarily attributable to lower marketing expenses. The decrease in our selling, general and administrative expenses during the Nine Months of approximately $0.25 million in comparison to the comparable period of last year was also primarily attributable to significant lower marketing expenses during the applicable period.

 

During the Third Quarter and Nine Months, our investment and interest income was $3,000 and $15,000 compared to $2,000 and $24,000 for the comparable periods last year.

 

20



Table of Contents

 

During the Third Quarter and Nine Months, we recorded a tax provision of $1,187,000 and $3,467,000, respectively, which equates to an effective tax rate of 36.4% and 37.6%, compared to a tax provision of $709,000 and $2,018,000, respectively, and an effective tax rate of 40.3% and 25.3%, respectively, recorded for the comparable periods last year. The increase in the tax rate was because in the first quarter of Fiscal 2012 the tax provision was offset by a tax benefit of $1.2 million that resulted from the payment to us of a refund from the California Franchise Tax Board of $2.0 million, plus interest.  The refund related to our fiscal 2004 through fiscal 2008 tax years.  During the Third Quarter and Nine Months, our net income was $2.1 million and $5.8 million, or $0.25 and $0.68 per diluted share, respectively, compared to $1.0 million and $6.0 million, or $0.12 and $0.70 per diluted share, respectively, for the comparable periods last year.

 

Acquisition of Assets Related to the Liz Lange and Completely Me by Liz Lange Brands

 

On September 4, 2012, Cherokee and LLM Management Co., LLC (the “Seller”) entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Asset Purchase Agreement”), pursuant to which Cherokee acquired various assets related to the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands (the “Assets” and such transaction, the “Acquisition”). The Acquisition closed on September 4, 2012.   As consideration for the Acquisition, Cherokee agreed to pay a cash purchase price equal to $13.1 million, with $12.6 million paid by Cherokee concurrently with the closing and with $500,000 of which we agreed to place in an escrow fund that is to be released no later than March 31, 2013, subject to any funds which we recover or that are to be retained pursuant to indemnification claims.  In addition, Cherokee agreed to pay to the Seller additional earn-out payments of $400,000 and $500,000 (for a total of up to $900,000 in contingent consideration), which consideration is payable upon our achievement of specified revenue targets attributable to the Assets during the remainder of 2012 and during 2013. In addition, as part of the Acquisition, Cherokee agreed to assume the Seller’s obligations under various agreements, which include a consulting agreement with Ms. Lange as well as certain existing license agreements relating to the Assets, including a license agreement with Target.  The Asset Purchase Agreement contains various covenants, indemnities, and representations and warranties that are customary for transactions of this type.  For additional information regarding the Acquisition and the Asset Purchase Agreement, please see Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012 and filed with the Commission on September 6, 2012.

 

Cherokee’s Board of Directors approved the Acquisition following its determination that the Acquisition is in the best interests of Cherokee and its stockholders.  We believe the Assets have the potential to be complementary to Cherokee’s other brands and expect to begin to market the assets and consider additional potential licensing opportunities with retailers during the remainder of Fiscal 2013.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash Flows.  On October 27, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of $1.5 million.  On January 28, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of $7.4 million.  The $5.9 million decrease in cash and cash equivalents during the Third Quarter was primarily due to our prepayment of all outstanding principal and interest then outstanding under our former loan agreement with U.S. Bank (the “Prior Loan”).

 

During the Nine Months, cash provided by our operations was $7.2 million, compared to cash provided by our operations of $5.0 million for the nine months ended last year.  The cash provided by operations of $7.2 million during the Nine Months was primarily due to the changes in:  (i) accrued compensation, which was reduced by $0.2 million in the Nine Months, as compared to a decrease of $4.0 million in the nine months of last year; (ii) accounts receivable, which increased by $1.3 million in the Nine Months, as compared to a decrease of $0.9 million in the nine months of last year; (iii) an increase in accounts payable of $1.0 million in the Nine Months, as compared to a decrease of $0.1 million in the nine months of last year.  In addition, our cash from operations includes non-cash stock-based compensation expense of $647,000 in the Nine Months as compared to $544,000 in the nine months of last year, and our deferred tax assets increased by $1,000 in the Nine Months, as compared to a decrease of $733,000 last year.

 

Cash used by investing activities during the Nine Months was $14.2 million, which was comprised of $403,000 of capital expenditures on office equipment, $502,000 increase in restricted cash, and $13.3 million for the purchase of the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands and trademark registration and renewal fees for the Cherokee, Sideout and Carole Little brands.  In comparison, during the nine months ended last year, cash used by investing activities was $372,000, which was comprised of $172,000 of capital expenditures on office equipment, and $200,000 in trademark registration and renewal fees for the Cherokee, Sideout, and Carole Little brands.

 

21



Table of Contents

 

Cash provided by financing activities was $1.1 million during the Nine Months, which consisted of proceeds of $13 million from the Credit Agreement, $6.9 million to repay in full the Prior Loan, and the payment of three dividends totaling $5.0 million.  In comparison, during the comparable period last year cash used in financing activities was $6.2 million, which consisted of proceeds of $10 million from the Term Loan, and the investment of $200,000 by our Chief Executive Officer in our Common Stock pursuant to his employment agreement, offset by payments of $2.4 million for the Term Loan, the payment of three dividends totaling $5.1 million, and the payment of $7.6 million for the repurchase and retirement of stock.

 

Uses of Liquidity.  Our cash requirements through the end of Fiscal 2013 are primarily to fund operations, working capital, and at our discretion and, subject to the terms of our credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (the “Bank”), repurchase shares of our common stock or pay dividends as determined by our Board of Directors, and, to a lesser extent, for capital expenditures. Our Board may reduce or discontinue the payment of dividends at any time for any reason it deems relevant, and the Credit Agreement contains additional restrictions on our ability to pay dividends. The declaration and payment of any future dividends or repurchases of our common stock are subject to negative covenants contained in the Credit Agreement and, assuming the satisfaction or waiver by the Bank of such covenants, will be made at the discretion of our Board and will be dependent upon our financial condition, results of operation, cash flow, capital expenditures, and other factors that may be deemed relevant by our Board.

 

We are frequently approached by parties seeking to sell their brands and related trademarks. Should an established and marketable brand or similar equity property become available on favorable terms, we would consider such an acquisition opportunity.

 

Sources of Liquidity.  Our primary source of liquidity is expected to be cash flow generated from operations, cash and cash equivalents currently on hand, and funds made available to us pursuant to our revolving line of credit with the Bank (the “Revolver”).  We believe our cash flow from operations together with our cash and cash equivalents currently on hand and access to funds pursuant to the Revolver will be sufficient to meet our working capital, capital expenditure, and other commitments through the end of Fiscal 2013. We cannot predict our revenues and cash flow generated from operations.  Some of the factors that could cause our revenues and cash flows to be materially lower are described under the caption titled “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part II of this Report on Form 10-Q.

 

As of October 27, 2012, we were not the guarantor of any other material third-party obligations. As of October 27, 2012, we did not have any irrevocable repurchase obligations.

 

If our revenues and cash flows during Fiscal 2013 are lower than Fiscal 2012, and subject to the terms of the Credit Agreement, we would have less cash available to pay dividends, repurchase shares of our common stock or to explore or consummate the acquisition of other brands.  In addition, if our revenues and cash flows during Fiscal 2013 are materially lower than Fiscal 2012, we may need to take steps to reduce expenditures by scaling back operations and reducing staff.  We believe that we will have sufficient cash generated from our business activities to support our operations for the next twelve months.

 

Former Loan Agreement with U.S. Bank

 

During the First Quarter and continuing until June 5, 2012, we were subject to an amended and restated loan agreement with U.S. Bank, which was entered into as of December 7, 2011, and which we recently prepaid in full on June 5, 2012.

 

22



Table of Contents

 

Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase

 

On September 4, 2012, and in connection with the Acquisition, Cherokee and JPMorgan Chase entered into the Credit Agreement.  Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, JPMorgan Chase agreed to lend to Cherokee up to $15 million in principal (the “Loan”).  The Loan is comprised of (i) a term loan in the principal amount of $13 million (the “Term Loan”), with interest on each advance equal to either: (i) an adjusted annual LIBOR rate reset monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly, plus 2.75% or (ii) JPMorgan’s annual prime rate minus 0.25%, with a floor equal to the 1 month LIBOR Rate plus 2.5%, and (ii) a revolving line of credit in the principal amount of $2 million (the “Revolver”), with interest on each advance equal to either: (i) an adjusted annual LIBOR rate-reset monthly, bi-monthly or quarterly, plus 2.25% or (ii) JPMorgan’s annual prime rate minus 0.25%, with a floor equal to the 1 month LIBOR Rate plus 2.5%.  The Term Loan is subject to a five year maturity date and is to be repaid in equal quarterly payments of principal in the amount of $650,000, together with interest payments made monthly as set forth in the Term Loan.  The Revolver is subject to a three year maturity date and is to be repaid in monthly interest payments on any principal then outstanding, with the balance of any then-outstanding principal and interest to be repaid at maturity.  Cherokee paid an upfront fee equal to $65,000 in connection with the issuance of the Term Loan and is obligated to pay a monthly non-usage fee of 0.25% per annum, in arrears, computed on the average daily unused portion of the Revolver, subject to Cherokee’s right to terminate the Revolver prior to maturity.  In addition, Cherokee is obligated to pay an unspecified amount to be determined by JPMorgan Chase to compensate it for its loss in the event that Cherokee elects to repay all or a portion of the Loan prior to its maturity.  The proceeds from the Term Loan were borrowed to fund the Acquisition.

 

The Loan is evidenced by a term note in the principal amount of $13,000,000 and a line of credit note in the principal amount of up to $2,000,000, is secured by continuing security agreements and trademark security agreements executed by Cherokee and Cherokee Brands, LLC and is supported by continuing guaranties executed by Cherokee’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Spell C. LLC and Cherokee Brands, LLC (collectively, with the Credit Agreement, the “Loan Documents”). The Credit Agreement contains various affirmative and negative covenants that are customary for loan agreements and transactions of this type.

 

Inflation and Changing Prices

 

The benign rate of inflation over the past several years has not had a material effect on our revenues and profits. Since most of our future revenues are based upon a percentage of sales of the licensed products by our licensees, we do not anticipate that short term future inflation will have a material impact, positive or negative, on future financial results.

 

Seasonality

 

We have agreed to certain contractual royalty rate reductions with Target for its sales of Cherokee branded products, whereas Liz Lange has a fixed royalty rate, in the U.S. in each fiscal year, which apply for future sales as certain sales volume thresholds are achieved. Historically, this has caused our first quarter to be our highest revenue and profitability quarter; our second quarter to be our next highest quarter, and our third and fourth quarters to be our lowest quarters. However, such historical patterns may vary in the future.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Market risk generally represents the risk that losses may occur in the values of financial instruments as a result of movements in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity prices.  We do not enter into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

 

Interest:  From time to time we invest our excess cash in interest-bearing temporary investments of high-quality issuers.  Due to the short time the investments are outstanding and their general liquidity, these instruments are classified as cash equivalents in our consolidated balance sheet and do not represent a material interest rate risk to us.  As of October 27, 2012, we had $10.4 million in long term debt obligations under our Credit Agreement entered into on September 4, 2012.

 

23



Table of Contents

 

Foreign Currency:  We conduct business in various parts of the world.  We are exposed to fluctuations in exchange rates to the extent that the foreign currency exchange rate fluctuates in countries where our licensees do business, and significant fluctuations in exchange rates could result in a material effect on our results of operations or cash flow.  For Fiscal 2012, revenues from international licensing comprised 46.7% of our consolidated revenues.  For the Nine Months, international licensing royalties comprised 37.1% of our total revenues.  A hypothetical 10% strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to the foreign currencies of countries where we operate would have negatively affected the Nine Months revenues by approximately $0.2 million, which represents 3.5% of the total revenues reported for the Nine Months.

 

Most of our international licensees are required to pay the royalty revenues owed to us in U.S. dollars. As a consequence, the past weakening of the U.S. dollar has benefited us in that the total royalty revenues reported from our international licensees increases when the dollar weakens against such foreign currencies. Conversely, any strengthening of the U.S. dollar has not benefited us. In the future, should the dollar strengthen against such foreign currencies, the total royalty revenues reported by us from such licensees would reflect such changes in the currency exchange rates. Accordingly, a strengthening dollar, compared to current exchange rates, would likely result in lower reported royalty revenues than otherwise would be reported as a result of such unfavorable exchange rate movements.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Cherokee maintains “disclosure controls and procedures,” as such term is defined under Exchange Act Rule 13a-15 (e) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in Cherokee’s Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to Cherokee’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

We have carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of Cherokee’s management, including Cherokee’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Cherokee’s disclosure controls and procedures.  Based upon their evaluation and subject to the foregoing, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that Cherokee’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of October 27, 2012.

 

(b) Changes in internal controls.  During our most recent fiscal quarter, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation described above that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

In the ordinary course of business, from time to time we become involved in legal claims and litigation. In the opinion of management, based on consultations with legal counsel, the disposition of litigation currently pending against us is unlikely to have, individually or in the aggregate, a materially adverse effect on our business, financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A.                                       RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to the other information contained herein or incorporated herein by reference, the risks and uncertainties and other factors described below could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and share price and could also cause our future business, financial condition and results of operations to differ materially from the results contemplated by any forward-looking statement we may make herein, in any other document we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or in any press release or other written or oral statement we may make. Please also see “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for additional risks and uncertainties applicable to us.

 

24



Table of Contents

 

Our business is subject to intense competition.

 

Royalties paid to us under our licensing agreements are generally based on a percentage of our licensee’s net sales of licensed products. Cherokee, Carole Little and Sideout brand footwear, apparel, and accessories, together with merchandise bearing our recently acquired “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands, all of which are manufactured and sold by both domestic and international wholesalers and retail licensees, are subject to extensive competition by numerous domestic and foreign companies. Such competitors with respect to the Cherokee brand include Polo Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger, Liz Claiborne, and private label brands such as Faded Glory, Arizona, and Route 66, developed by retailers. Factors which shape the competitive environment include quality of garment construction and design, brand name, style and color selection, price and the manufacturer’s ability to respond quickly to the retailer on a national basis. In recognition of the increasing trend towards consolidation of retailers and what appears to be a de-emphasis by retailers on the manufacture of private label merchandise, in the United States our business plan focuses on creating strategic alliances with major retailers for their sale of products bearing our brands through the licensing of our trademarks directly to retailers. Therefore, our degree of success is dependent on the strength of our brands, consumer acceptance of and desire for our brands, our licensees’ ability to design, manufacture and sell products bearing our brands and to respond to ever-changing consumer demands, and any significant failure by our licensees to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity. We cannot control the level of resources that our licensees commit to supporting our brands, and our licensees may choose to support other brands to the detriment of ours.

 

There are numerous risk factors that apply to the businesses of retailers that can affect their level of sales of products that carry our brands. Any decline in sales by our licensees can adversely affect our revenues. Factors that may adversely affect retailers include the following: weather; changes in the availability or cost of capital; shifts in the seasonality of shopping patterns; labor strikes or other work interruptions including work interruptions that impact supply chains and transport vendors; the impact of excess retail capacity; changes in the cost of accepting various payment methods and changes in the rate of utilization of these payment methods; material acquisitions or dispositions; investments in new business strategies; the success or failure of significant new business ventures or technologies; actions taken or omitted to be taken by legislative, regulatory, judicial and other governmental authorities and officials; and natural disasters, the outbreak of war, acts of terrorism or other significant national or international events.

 

In addition, other companies owning established trademarks could also enter into similar arrangements with retailers, including our existing retail partners, competing for limited floor pad and rack space.

 

Our business is largely dependent on royalties from one licensee, Target, which accounted for 54%, 58%, and 59% of our consolidated licensing revenues for Fiscal 2012, the Third Quarter, and the Nine Months, respectively.

 

During Fiscal 2012, 54% of our licensing revenues were generated from Target. We could suffer substantially decreased royalty revenues and cash flow under the Restated Target Agreement if Target were to reduce its sales of Cherokee branded products while continuing to pay the minimum royalties of $9.0 million per fiscal year required under such agreement. Replacing the royalty payments received from Target would be a significant challenge and no assurances can be made that we would be successful in doing so. The termination of this license agreement would have a material adverse effect upon our revenues and cash flow. In addition, we have recently expanded our relationship with Target as a result of our assumption of an additional license agreement with Target for the “Liz Lange” and “Completely Me by Liz Lange” brands (the “Assumed Target Agreement”), which we assumed in connection with our acquisition of assets related to such brands (the “Acquisition”). The current term Assumed Target Agreement expires on January 31, 2015. We consummated the Acquisition in part based upon our expectation that revenues under the Assumed Target Agreement will grow in future periods, although we can provide no assurances that such revenue growth will occur or that the Assumed Target Agreement will be renewed.

 

25



Table of Contents

 

We recently consummated an asset acquisition and such acquisition may not be beneficial to us.

 

On September 4, 2012, we consummated the Acquisition. As consideration for the Acquisition, we agree to pay a purchase price of $13.1 million in cash, $12.6 million of which we previously paid to the seller and $500,000 of which we agreed to place in an escrow fund that is to be released no later than March 31, 2013, subject to any funds which we recover or that are to be retained pursuant to indemnification claims. In addition, we agreed to pay the seller up to $900,000 in earn-out consideration, which is payable by us in two installments in the event that we achieve specified revenue targets attributable to the acquired assets during the remainder of 2012 and during 2013. As financing for the Acquisition, we concurrently borrowed $13 million from JPMorgan Chase pursuant to the Credit Agreement. We consummated the Acquisition based in part on our belief that we will be able to grow the revenue stream associated with such assets; however, we do not have any direct experience in marketing or licensing these assets and our efforts to further commercialize the acquired assets may not be successful. In addition, our management may be required to incur significant time integrating the acquired assets into our brand portfolio and such efforts may be unsuccessful or may disrupt our management or business, which could adversely affect our operations and financial results.

 

Our business may be negatively impacted by general economic conditions.

 

Our performance is subject to worldwide economic conditions and its corresponding impact on the levels of consumer spending which may affect our licensees’ sales. Consumer spending is showing signs of stabilization and in some cases improvement; however it is difficult to predict future levels of consumer spending and any such predictions are inherently uncertain. The worldwide apparel industry is heavily influenced by general economic cycles. Purchases of apparel and accessories tend to decline in periods of recession or uncertainty regarding future economic prospects, as disposable income typically declines. Many factors affect the level of consumer spending in the apparel industries, including, among others, prevailing economic conditions, levels of employment, salaries and wage rates, energy costs, interest rates, the availability of consumer credit, taxation and consumer confidence in future economic conditions. During periods of economic uncertainty, we may not be able to maintain, or increase our revenues. As a result, our operating results may be materially affected by trends in the United States or global economy.

 

The risks associated with our business are more acute during periods of economic slowdown or recession. In addition to other consequences, these periods may be accompanied by decreased consumer spending generally, as well as decreased demand for, or additional downward pricing pressure on, the products carrying our brands. Accordingly, any prolonged economic slowdown or a lengthy or severe recession with respect to either the U.S. or the global economy is likely to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and business prospects.

 

Our business and the success of our products could be harmed if we are unable to maintain the strength of our brands.

 

Our success to date has been due in large part to the strength of our brands. If we are unable to timely and appropriately respond to changing consumer demand, the strength of our brands may be impaired. Even if we react appropriately to changes in consumer preferences, consumers may consider one or more of our brands to be outdated or associate one or more of our brands with styles that are no longer popular. In the past, many apparel companies have experienced periods of rapid growth in sales and earnings followed by periods of declining sales and losses. Our business may be similarly affected in the future.

 

26



Table of Contents

 

We are dependent on our intellectual property, and we cannot assure you that we will be able to successfully protect our rights.

 

We hold various trademarks including Cherokee, Sideout, Liz Lange, Completely Me by Liz Lange, Carole Little and others in connection with apparel, footwear, home and accessories. These trademarks are vital to the success and future growth of our business. These trademarks are registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in numerous other countries. We also hold several trademark applications for Cherokee and Sideout in approximately 100 countries. There can be no assurance that the actions taken by us to establish and protect our trademarks and other proprietary rights will prevent imitation of our products or infringement of our intellectual property rights by others, or prevent the loss of licensing revenue or other damages caused thereby. In addition, the laws of several countries in which we have licensed our intellectual property may not protect our intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. Despite our efforts to protect our intellectual property rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy aspects of our intellectual property, which could have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity. In the future we may be required to assert infringement claims against third parties, and there can be no assurance that one or more parties will not assert infringement claims against us. Any resulting litigation could result in significant expense and divert the efforts of our management personnel whether or not such litigation is determined in our favor.

 

We must successfully maintain and/or upgrade our information technology systems.

 

We rely on various information technology systems, including our Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, to manage our operations, which subjects us to inherent costs and risks associated with maintaining, upgrading, replacing and changing these systems, including impairment of our information technology, potential disruption of our internal control systems, substantial capital expenditures, demands on management time and other risks of delays or difficulties in upgrading, transitioning to new systems or of integrating new systems into our current systems.

 

We are dependent on our key management personnel.

 

Our success is highly dependent upon the continued services of our key executives, including, Henry Stupp, our Chief Executive Officer, Howard Siegel, our President and Chief Operating Officer, and Mark DiSiena, our Chief Financial Officer. We have a limited number of employees and Mr. Stupp’s and our other executives’ leadership and experience in the apparel licensing industry is important to the successful implementation of our business and marketing strategy. We do not carry key person life insurance covering any of our executives. The loss of the services of Mr. Stupp or our other key executives could have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity.

 

We may engage in additional strategic transactions that could impact our liquidity, increase our expenses and present significant distractions to our management.

 

From time to time we may consider engaging in strategic transactions, such as acquisitions of companies, asset purchases and out-licensing or in-licensing of brands, intellectual property rights or other assets. Any such transaction may require us to incur non-recurring or other charges, may increase our near and long-term expenditures and may pose significant integration challenges or disrupt our management or business, which could adversely affect our operations and financial results. For example, these transactions may entail numerous operational and financial risks, including, among others, exposure to unknown liabilities, disruption of our business and diversion of our management’s time and attention in order to develop acquired brands, intellectual property rights or other assets, difficulty and cost in combining the operations and personnel of any acquired businesses with our operations and personnel, and inability to retain key employees of any acquired businesses. Accordingly, although we may not choose to undertake or may not be able to successfully complete any transactions of the nature described above, any transactions that we do complete could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.

 

27



Table of Contents

 

In September 2012 we consummated a debt financing of up to $15,000,000 in principal in order to enable us to fund our recent asset acquisition.

 

In order to fund the Acquisition, on September 4, 2012, we entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (“JPMorgan Chase”). Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, Cherokee borrowed up to $15 million in principal from JPMorgan Chase (the “Loan”).  The Loan is comprised of (i) a term loan in the principal amount of $13 million (the “Term Loan”) and (ii) a revolving line of credit in the principal amount of $2 million (the “Revolver”). The Term Loan is subject to a five year maturity date and is to be repaid in equal quarterly payments of principal in the amount of $650,000, together with interest payments made monthly as set forth in the Term Loan.  The Revolver is subject to a three year maturity date and is to be repaid in monthly interest payments on any principal then outstanding, with the balance of any then-outstanding principal and interest to be repaid at maturity.  The Loan is evidenced by a term note in the principal amount of $13,000,000 and a line of credit note in the principal amount of up to $2,000,000, is secured by continuing security agreements and trademark security agreements executed by Cherokee and Cherokee Brands, LLC and is supported by continuing guaranties executed by Cherokee’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Spell C. LLC and Cherokee Brands, LLC (collectively, with the Credit Agreement, the “Loan Documents”). The Credit Agreement contains various affirmative and negative covenants that are customary for loan agreements and transactions of this type, including limitations on our ability to incur debt or other liabilities and limitations on our ability to consummate acquisitions in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate at any time while the Loan is outstanding. In addition, the Credit Agreement prohibits us, without first obtaining JPMorgan’s consent, from (i) issuing any equity securities other than pursuant to our employee equity incentive plans and (ii) repurchasing or redeeming any outstanding shares of our common stock or paying dividends or other distributions, other than stock dividends, to our stockholders, unless such repurchases or distributions would not cause us to be violation of the “fixed charge coverage ratio” (described below) after giving pro forma effect thereto.  The Loan Agreement also imposes the following financial covenants, as specifically defined therein, including: (i) a minimum “fixed charge coverage ratio” of at least 1.2 to 1.0 to be calculated quarterly on a trailing four quarter basis and (ii) a limitation of Cherokee’s “senior funded debt ratio” not to exceed 2.0 to 1.0, measured at any time and taking the ratio of Cherokee’s consolidated total debt to Cherokee’s EBITDA for its most recently completed fiscal quarter. Further, as collateral for the Loan, we granted a security interest in favor of the Bank in all of Cherokee’s assets (including trademarks), and the Loan is guaranteed by Cherokee’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Spell C. LLC and Cherokee Brands, LLC. In the event of a default under the Credit Agreement, JPMorgan Chase has the right to terminate its obligations under the Credit Agreement, accelerate the payment on any unpaid balance of the Credit Agreement and exercise its other rights under the Loan Documents, including foreclosing on our assets under the security agreements. Our failure to comply with the terms of our Loan Documents could result in a material adverse effect to our business, including our financial condition and our liquidity.

 

Our strategic and marketing initiatives may not be successful.

 

In recent periods, we have invested significant funds and management time in furtherance of our global strategic and marketing initiatives, which are designed to strengthen our brands, assist our licensees in generating increased sales of applicable Cherokee-branded products and build value for our stockholders over the long term. We expect to continue and, in some cases, expand such initiatives in future periods. While we are hopeful that our efforts in executing on such initiatives will expand our business and build stockholder value over the long term, there can be no assurances that we will be successful in doing so or that such initiatives will result in the benefits to us that they are intended to generate. Any failure by us to execute on our strategic initiatives, or the failure of such initiatives to cause our revenues to grow, could have a materially adverse impact on our operating results and financial performance.

 

We may not pay dividends regularly or at all in the future.

 

Although we have paid dividends during each quarter since December 2003, and including during the first, second and third quarters of Fiscal 2013, our Board of Directors may reduce or discontinue dividends at any time for any reason it deems relevant and there can be no assurances that we will continue to generate sufficient cash to pay dividends, or that we will continue to pay dividends with the cash that we do generate as a result of a various factors, such as our existing debt and any business or strategic opportunities that may arise, as determined by our Board of Directors. In addition, pursuant to our Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase, we are prohibited from paying dividends in the event that we would be in violation of our covenant regarding our “fixed charge coverage ratio” after giving effect any proposed dividend or are otherwise then in default of such agreement.  Our ability to generate excess cash from our operations in the future is dependent upon a variety of factors, including Cherokee’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flow, capital requirements and other factors. In Fiscal 2012, we paid a total of $6.7 million in dividends, which was less than our net income of $7.5 million for Fiscal 2012. Should our cash from operations be lower in future periods, we will reduce the excess cash on our balance sheet and our Board of Directors may elect to further reduce or eliminate future dividend payments. Furthermore, should the dividend tax laws change such that taxes on dividends become higher than they currently are, we may further reduce or eliminate the dividends we pay to our stockholders in favor of other ways to increase value for our stockholders.

 

28



Table of Contents

 

The trading price of our stock may be volatile.

 

The trading price of our common stock is likely to be subject to fluctuations as a result of various factors impacting our business, including (i) our financial results, (ii) announcements by us, our retail partners or by our competitors, as applicable, regarding or affecting the retail environment either domestically or internationally, our existing license agreements, our existing brand representations, new license agreements, new brand representations or strategic alliances or other agreements, (iii) recruitment or departure of key personnel, (iv) changes in the estimates of our financial results or changes in the recommendations of any securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock, and (v) market conditions in the retail industry and the economy as a whole.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation allows our Board of Directors to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock.

 

Our Certificate of Incorporation allows our Board of Directors to issue up to 1,000,000 shares of “blank check” preferred stock, without action by our stockholders.  Subject to the approval of JPMorgan Chase pursuant to the Credit Agreement, such shares of preferred stock may be issued on terms determined by our Board of Directors, and may have rights, privileges and preferences superior to those of our common stock.  Without limiting the foregoing, (i) such shares of preferred stock could have liquidation rights that are senior to the liquidation preference applicable to our common stock, (ii) such shares of preferred stock could have voting or conversion rights, which could adversely affect the voting power of the holders of our common stock and (iii) the ownership interest of holders of our common stock will be diluted following the issuance of any such shares of preferred stock.

 

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

 

(a)            Exhibits

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description of Exhibit

 

 

 

2.1(1)

 

Asset Purchase Agreement, by and between Cherokee Inc. and LLM Management Co., LLC, dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.1(2)

 

Credit Agreement, by and between Cherokee Inc. and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.2(3)

 

Term Note, executed by Cherokee Inc. in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.3(4)

 

Line of Credit Note, executed by Cherokee Inc. in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.4(5)

 

Continuing Security Agreement, executed by Cherokee Inc. in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.5(6)

 

Trademark Security Agreement, executed by Cherokee Inc. in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

10.6(7)

 

Continuing Guaranty, executed by Spell C. LLC in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., dated as of September 4, 2012.

 

 

 

31.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

31.2*

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.2*

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

29



Table of Contents

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description of Exhibit

 

 

 

101†

 

The following materials from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended October 27, 2012, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets at October 27, 2012 and January 28, 2012; (ii) Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months and nine months ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011; (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the nine months ended October 27, 2012; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended October 27, 2012 and October 29, 2011; and (v) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as block of text.

 


(1)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(2)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(3)

 Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(4)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(5)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(6)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

(7)

 Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of Cherokee’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated September 4, 2012.

*

Filed herewith.

 

† Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the Interactive Data Files on Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.

 

30



Table of Contents

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated:  December 6, 2012

 

 

CHEROKEE INC.

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Henry Stupp

 

 

 

 

 

Henry Stupp

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Mark DiSiena

 

 

 

 

 

Mark DiSiena

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal

 

 

Accounting Officer)

 

31