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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

_______________________________

FORM 10-K

     
þ ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

 

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUA NT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number: 000-53846

_________________________________

Vuzix Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

     

Delaware
(State of incorporation)
75 Town Centre Drive

Rochester, New York
(Address of principal executive office)

  04-3392453
(I.R.S. employer identification no.)
14623
(Zip code)

(585) 359-5900
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)

_________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: none

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

common stock, par value $0.001 per share

warrants to purchase common stock

___________________________

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No þ

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes o No þ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o Noo

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

             
Large accelerated filer o Accelerated filer o

Non-accelerated filer o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company þ  
       
                       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ

 

 
 

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity of the registrant held by non-affiliates as of December 31. 2011 was approximately Cdn$9,930,000 (based on the closing price of the common stock of Cdn$0.055 per share on that date, as reported on the TSX Venture Exchange and, for purposes of this computation only, the assumption that all of the registrant’s directors and executive officers are affiliates and that beneficial holders of 5% or more of the outstanding common stock are not affiliates). The aggregate market value of the Registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates was Cdn $15,350,000 on June 30, 2011, computed on the basis of the closing sale price of the Registrant’s common stock on that date.

     

As of April 16, 2012, there were 265,259,348 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

     Part III of this Form 10-K incorporates by reference portions of the registrant’s proxy statement for its 2012 annual meeting of stockholders.

 

 
 

 

ii
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
Item 1 Business 1  
Item 1A Risk Factors 12  
Item 1B Unresolved Staff Comments 23  
Item 2 Properties 23  
Item 3 Legal Proceedings 23  
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosure 23  
Item 5 Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 23  
Item 6 Selected Financial Data 24  
Item 7 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 26  
Item 7A Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk  
Item 8 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 35  
Item 9 Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 35  
Item 9A Controls and Procedures 35  
Item 9B Other Information 37  
Item 10 Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 37  
Item 11 Executive Compensation 37  
Item 12 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 38  
Item 13 Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 38  
Item 14 Principal Accounting Fees and Services 38  
Item 15 Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 38  
         

 

 

iii
 

 

 

PART I

 

     

Item 1. Business

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

     This annual report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). These statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. The forward-looking statements are contained principally under the headings “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Business.” Forward-looking statements include statements concerning:

  

our possible or assumed future results of operations;
our business strategies;
our ability to attract and retain customers;
our ability to sell additional products and services to customers;
our cash needs and financing plans;
our competitive position;
our industry environment;
our potential growth opportunities;
expected technological advances by us or by third parties and our ability to leverage them;
the effects of future regulation; and
the effects of competition.

 

All statements in this annual report that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements. We may, in some cases, use terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “should,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes to identify forward-looking statements.

 

 The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performances or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These important factors include our financial performance and the other important factors we discuss in greater detail in “Risk Factors.” You should read these factors and the other cautionary statements made in this annual report as applying to all related forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this annual report. Given these factors, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent our management’s beliefs and assumptions only as of the date on which the statements are made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. You should read this annual report and the documents that we reference in and have filed as exhibits to this annual report completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we currently expect.

 

Company Overview

 

We are engaged in the design, manufacture, marketing and sale of products for use in the defense, consumer, and media & entertainment markets. Our products, known commercially as Video Eyewear (also referred to as head mounted displays, wearable displays, personal viewers, and near eye displays) are worn like eyeglasses and contain video displays that enable the user to view video and digital content, such as movies, computer data, the Internet or video games. We produce both monocular and binocular Video Eyewear devices. Our products provide the user with a viewing experience that simulates viewing a large screen television or a desktop computer monitor and can be viewed practically anywhere, anytime. Video Eyewear are designed to work with mobile electronic devices, such as cell phones, laptop computers, portable media players and gaming systems as well as unmanned vehicles and sighting systems. Our Video Eyewear are used in tactical, training and education, general entertainment, virtual reality and augmented reality applications. We focus on two markets: the consumer markets for gaming, entertainment and mobile video and the market for rugged mobile displays for defense markets. Our Virtual and Augmented Reality products are sold in the consumer, defense, industrial, commercial, academic and medical markets.

 

 
 

 

Users of mobile display devices increasingly want to use them to view hands-free high-resolution, full color content privately. The displays currently used in mobile devices do not work ideally for this purpose because they are either too small, which makes it difficult for the human eye to view the detail of the images that they display, or too large, making them heavy and difficult to carry.  In contrast, our Video Eyewear products enable users of many mobile devices to effectively view the entire screen on a small, eyeglass-like device hands-free. They can be used as a wearable substitute for televisions or desktop computer monitors. By 2014 it is expected that approximately 50% of the installed base of cellular phones will be smart phones. These phones are quickly approaching the speed and graphic performance of the tablet PC. For this reason, owners of smart phones and mobile display devices increasingly want to use them to view high-resolution, full color content.

 

One of the most promising future uses of Video Eyewear is in applications where virtual environments enhance rather than replace real environments. This is often referred to as Augmented Reality or AR. To obtain an enhanced view of the real environment, users wear see-through near-eye displays (NEDs) or HMDs that allows them to see 3D computer-generated objects superimposed on their real-world views. This see-through capability is accomplished using a see-through NED.

 

In the past, see-through HMDs displayed the real world using semi-transparent mirrors placed in front of the user's eyes. These displays were large and bulky and so had little mass market appeal. We have licensed and are developing thin optics that enable miniature display engines to be mounted in the temples of the HMDs, which allows the form factor of the HMD to be comparable to conventional sunglasses.

 

An example of AR is the yellow "first down" line seen in television broadcasts of American football games, in which the line the offensive team must cross to receive a first down is superimposed on the field itself. The real-world elements are the football field and players; the virtual element is the yellow line. See-through Video Eyewear will enable this kind of experience on smart phones and other viewing devices virtually anywhere and anytime.

 

Our Video Eyewear products all employ microdisplays that are smaller than one-inch diagonally, with some as small as one-quarter of an inch. They can display an image with a resolution of up to 1280×1080 pixels (High Definition or HD). Images are viewed through our proprietary optics. Using these optics and displays, our Video Eyewear provide an image that appears similar to the image on a full size computer screen in an office desktop environment or the image on a large flat panel television viewed from normal home TV viewing distances. For example, when viewed through our optics, a high-resolution 0.44-inch diagonal microdisplay can provide a viewing experience comparable to that on a 75-inch diagonal television screen viewed at ten feet.

 

 Overall Strategy

 

 Our goal is to establish and maintain a leadership position as a worldwide supplier of Video Eyewear and virtual imaging technology solutions. We intend to offer our technologies across major markets, platforms and applications. We will strive to be an innovator in designing virtual display devices that can enable new mobile video viewing and general entertainment applications.

 

 To maintain and enhance our position as a leading provider of virtual display solutions, we intend to: 

     

improve brand name recognition;
provide excellent products and service;
develop products for both specialized and large markets;
broaden and develop strategic relationships and partnerships;

promote and enhance development of third party software that can take advantage of our products;
expand market awareness for Video Eyewear, including applications for Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) for which Video Eyewear is ideally suited.  (VR  allows a user to interact with a computer-simulated environment, whether that environment is a simulation of the real world or an imaginary world and AR combines real-world and computer-generated data in real time to augment the real world view);

 

2
 

obtain and maintain market leadership and expand our customer base;
reduce production costs while moving to higher margin product offerings;
extend our proprietary technology leadership;
enhance and protect our intellectual property portfolio;
establish multiple revenue sources;
continue to invest in highly qualified personnel;
build and maintain strong design capabilities; and
leverage further outsourcing as our manufacturing volumes increase to reduce costs.

 

The Market

 

We believe that there is growing demand for mobile access to high-resolution content in several major markets. We believe virtual displays will be a key component in the development of advanced mobile wireless devices as these systems move to providing high resolution images without compromising the portability of the product. Our business focuses on the consumer mobile entertainment and gaming markets and the defense and industrial markets. The demand for personal displays in these markets is being driven by such factors as: 

   

Increasing use of the Internet in most aspects of society and business, which is increasing demand for Internet access “anywhere, anytime”.
Defense, security and industrial sectors are employing mobile communications, sensors and surveillance devices that are light, durable and easy to use but require the display of high-resolution content on an external device, often hands-free. Our ruggedized wearable Video Eyewear products can accomplish this.  Our products also enable users to view content while maintaining their situational awareness.
There is an increasing number of hands-free industrial applications, such as on-site training and display of information on the factory floor, for which our products are well suited.
Video gaming on PCs, consoles, tablets and smart phones continues to grow around the world. We believe that our high resolution Virtual Display technologies will significantly increase user satisfaction with gaming applications by engaging the user through the use of stereoscopic imagery and interactive head tracking. Our Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality Video Eyewear are designed to provide this capability.
The widening distribution of new three dimensional (3D) movies, new end-user friendly 3D connectivity standards like HDMI 1.4a, 3D console gaming and other 3D content is creating a need for methods to play this content. We believe that Video Eyewear, with its dual display design, is well suited for the playback of 3D content.
Stereoscopic 3D video playback on Video Eyewear avoids many of the negative issues, such as flicker, image cross talk and color separation, commonly encountered by shutter glasses and or color anaglyph glasses used in competing 3D viewing technologies.
Many 3D viewing solutions require the user to purchase new computer or television equipment.  Video Eyewear users do not need a separate display or shutter glasses to view 3D content.   Video Eyewear can also be used to view 3D through Mobile devices allowing 3D content to be delivered any time anywhere.

 

3
 

 

Target Markets

 

Our target markets and applications by major sector are:

 

Consumer

 

Media and Entertainment .   We believe that there is an increasing demand for convenient, high-resolution, 3D displays to view content such as movies, entertainment and the Internet in the home and mobile environments.

 

Gaming.    We believe that there is a need for high-resolution, interactive, stereoscopic 3D display devices for use with desktop computers, consoles and other gaming products. We believe that gaming on mobile devices that have graphics and processing capabilities closely equivalent to laptop computers and consoles but with small, direct view screen is not a satisfactory experience for many consumers. Our Video Eyewear products are designed to significantly enhance a consumer’s experience by providing larger-appearing, high-resolution images with stereoscopic 3D capabilities. We believe that there is also a demand for display devices that enable the user to simulate and experience movement within a three-dimensional environment when using either gaming consoles or mobile devices. Our technologies and products enable a user to do so. We anticipate that VR and AR will become increasingly popular entertainment applications. Both VR and AR are difficult to implement using traditional desktop computer monitors and televisions but can be successfully implemented with Video Eyewear.

 

Defense and Industrial

 

The US government requires display devices for mobile and hands-free viewing of computer and mapping information, remote viewing of sensor data and remote viewing of transmissions from information and targeting systems. These applications currently include:

 

Night vision and thermal sighting systems;
Unmanned vehicle and robotic systems; and
Training and simulation systems.

 

These systems typically are required to provide detailed, high-resolution images, with limited power consumption and low external light emission, and to be durable. Video Eyewear can satisfy these requirements.

 

Our Video Eyewear products can also be used for a number of industrial applications, including for use as remote camera viewfinder displays and wearable computer displays, for viewing of industrial thermal signature systems, for providing hands-free access to manuals and other information and for on-site, in-the-field maintenance, servicing, training and education.

 

Augmented Reality for Industrial and Defense

 

We offer products that enable development and deployment of AR applications. This type of Video Eyewear enables its wearer to see computer-generated information, graphics or images projected into the real world environment or upon an object that the user is observing. Thus, whether in the warehouse, on the factory floor, or in-the-field, users may access a manual, tutorial, or image that will assist them in completing a task or locating an item, while also viewing their current surroundings and nearby objects.

 

Possible applications of AR-enabled Video Eyewear include:

 

§Advertising

§Task support

§Navigation

§Military and emergency services

§Sightseeing

§Entertainment and education

§Commerce

§Language translation

 

4
 

 

Products

 

We believe we provide the broadest range of consumer Video Eyewear product offerings available in the market and that our products contain some of the most advanced electronics and optics for their target markets and uses. Our products include:

 

Binocular Video Eyewear Products

 

The features of our binocular Video Eyewear products, including their resolution and apparent display size, microphones, tracking devices and support of three-dimensional viewing, suit consumer applications. Our binocular Video Eyewear products contain two microdisplays (a separate display for each eye), typically mounted in a frame attached to eyeglass-style temples. These products enable mobile and hands-free private viewing of video content on screens that simulate home theater-sized screens. Headphones are built into the temples so that users can listen to accompanying audio in full stereo. They can be employed as mobile high-resolution displays with products such as smart phones with video output capability, laptop computers, portable DVD players and personal digital media/video players (video iPods).

 

For the consumer markets, we currently produce a line of binocular Video Eyewear products, all of which support 3D applications. The Wrap series of Video Eyewear, introduced in the fall of 2009 is the fourth generation of these products that we have produced since 2005. Each Wrap model has a different apparent virtual display size and native resolution.

 

·         Wrap Video Viewers:

 

o    We offer 3 models, differentiated primarily by their native resolution and virtual apparent display size.

 

§  Wrap 310XL has WQVGA (420x240 three-color pixels) resolution which simulates a 55-inch screen viewed at 10 feet.

 

§  Wrap 920 has VGA (640x480 three-color pixels) resolution which simulates a 67-inch screen viewed at 10 feet.

 

§  Wrap 1200 has WVGA (852x480 three-color pixels) resolution, which simulates a 75-inch screen viewed at 10 feet.

 

o    All Wrap Video Eyewear connects to most NTSC or PAL audio/video devices with composite video-out capabilities. The higher resolution models can also accept VGA and component video inputs.

 

o    All models include focus adjustments and a variety of accessories and upgrades.

 

·         Wrap AR and VR Viewers

 

o    Wrap 920VR and Wrap 1200VR – these Virtual Reality products, plug into a computer’s USB and video ports. They contain our proprietary “three degrees of freedom” head tracking technology, which enables the user to look around the environment being viewed by moving his or her head.

 

o    Wrap 920AR — this Augmented Reality (AR) enabled Video Eyewear with VGA resolution has stereo cameras enabling viewing of the real world in 3D. It is designed to plug into a computer’s USB and video ports. It also contains our proprietary “three degrees of freedom” head tracking technology, which enables the user to look around the environment being viewed by moving his or her head.

 

o    Star 1200 – is our first AR Video Eyewear product with see-thru technology that enables the user to see the real world directly through and around its transparent WVGA widescreen video displays. Computer content, such as text, images and video can be overlaid on the displays in full color 2D or 3D.

 

At the January 2012 Consumer Electronics trade show (CES), we won an innovation award for our SMART Glasses Technology. This new technology, based on our proprietary waveguide optics technology, is a see-through lens with an adjacent HD display engine that should fit into the frames of designer styled sunglasses. As the name implies, SMART Glasses Technology is much more than just a wearable TV. Designed to work with SMART Devices that are typically connected to the internet, SMART Glasses are interactive and merge virtual information with real world information. SMART Glasses allow users to see the real world as if looking through a conventional pair of sunglasses. With the displays turned on, computer generated graphics and content can be overlaid into the real world view. SMART Glasses also have a high resolution camera built into the frame which allows augmented reality applications to see where the user is looking so the graphics can be superimposed on the real world view.

 

5
 

 

Monocular Video Eyewear Products

 

Our Tac-Eye® monocular (single eye) high-resolution Video Eyewear models are ruggedized and designed to clip onto a pair of ballistic sunglasses, helmets or conventional safety goggles. Tac-Eye® enables users to have wearable, private, secure and hands-free access to high-resolution content or information. It enables the viewing of information and material that is difficult or impossible to accurately view on the lower-resolution direct view screens that are standard on many current handheld devices without extensive zooming in or panning across the screen. They can be used with the large installed base of rugged laptops, unmanned vehicles, video based radio receivers, security and night vision cameras and thermal night vision sights; including those systems which we currently supply as a subcontractor to the US Defense Department.

 

Most of our Tac-Eye® products have an SVGA display and afford a 28 degree field of view, the equivalent of a 20-inch computer screen viewed at three feet. They are designed and manufactured to be durable and suitable for defense field use and industrial applications.

 

Defense Sub-Assembly, Custom Solutions and Engineering Solutions

 

We are part of contracting teams that produce display drive electronic subassemblies for light, medium, and heavy weight thermal weapon systems for US and allied defense forces. We are also a supplier of light engine subassemblies for Clip-on Thermal Imagers (COTI). The COTI is designed to clip onto existing image intensifier night vision goggles to give them thermal imaging capabilities. Since 2005 we have delivered approximately 155,000 subassemblies. These products accounted for over 20%, 17%, and 31% of our sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

We provide full optics systems, including head mounted displays, human computer interface devices, and wearable computers as prototypes under multiple armed services test programs. These are being tested, and in some cases deployed, in applications such as the remote control of unmanned vehicles and virtual and augmented defense equipment training systems. When possible, we obtain a first right of refusal to be the volume manufacturer of our proprietary display subassemblies in our contracts for the custom design of products.

 

Technology

 

We believe that it is important to make substantial investments in research and development to maintain our competitive advantage. The development and procurement of intellectual property rights relating to our technologies is a key aspect of our business strategy. We believe that it is now technologically feasible to improve upon the weight, ergonomics, optical performance, see-through capabilities, luminance, power efficiency, compactness, field of view and resolution of the current generation of virtual displays and display components. “Early technology adopters” have been the majority of the purchasers of our consumer Video Eyewear products to date. However, our near-to-eye virtual display technology has been improving in performance and we believe we are soon going to meet the high expectations of the consumer mass markets regarding screen resolution, image size and ergonomics. We expect to continue to improve our products through our ongoing research and development and advancements made by our third party suppliers of key components.

 

We also develop intellectual property through our ongoing performance under engineering service contracts for the US Government and others. We intend to continue to pursue development contracts for applications that relate to our core technologies and defense product applications. Our policy is to retain our proprietary rights with respect to the principal commercial applications of our technology when possible. To the extent new technology development has been funded by a U.S. federal agency, under applicable U.S. federal laws the agency has the right to obtain a non-exclusive, non-transferable, irrevocable, fully paid license to practice or have practiced this technology for governmental use.

 

During 2011, 2010 and 2009, we spent $2,122,359, $2,038,613, and $2,217,627, respectively, on research and development activities. We expect to increase our research and development expenditures in the future as our revenues grow. We have also acquired technologies developed by third parties and we may do so in the future.

 

We believe that the range of our proprietary technologies gives us a significant competitive advantage. Our technologies relate to motion tracking systems; stereoscopic display assemblies; optic systems; see-through waveguides; scanning displays; mobile and wearable computing devices and user interface technology; low-power electronics; and specialized software drivers and applications. Our technologies enable us to provide low-cost, small form factor, high-resolution Video Eyewear products. To protect our technologies, we have developed a patent portfolio which currently consists of 49 issued patents and 18 patent applications pending. We also have one new invention disclosure, covering additional aspects of our virtual display technology that is currently being prepared for purposes of preparing a design patent application.

 

6
 

 

In December 2005, we entered into a technology acquisition agreement with New Light Industries, Ltd., covering an extremely compact head-mounted virtual display. In August 2011, we entered into a technology license agreement with Nokia Corporation for their Exit Pupil Expanding (EPE) optics technology. Under the agreement, Vuzix will perform on-going research and development on the EPE optics and is expected to manufacture and bring to market components and products containing the licensed technology. In addition, Vuzix will provide Nokia with ability to purchase products and components which incorporate the licensed technology. The combination of Vuzix and Nokia technology is expected to accelerate the development and introduction of new Video Eyewear products to the market.

 

Our US patents expire on various dates from June 18, 2013 until November 13, 2029. Our international patents expire on various dates from May 30, 2015 until October 4, 2032.

 

Major technologies that we employ in our products include:

 

Hardware Technology

 

Virtual Display Technology (including Lens Technology and Optics Assemblies)

 

Microdisplay optics represent a significant cost of goods for both us and our competitors. This cost is a function of the physical size of the microdisplay and the cost of the supporting optics. Smaller displays are less expensive to produce but they require larger and more sophisticated optics to make systems that have no user adjustments, large fields of view and very low distortion specifications. Larger displays require less magnification and less complex optics, but the optics become very bulky and the displays are significantly more expensive to manufacture. To improve our Video Eyewear’s fashion and ergonomics, we are developing thin and lightweight optics that can be integrated with very small microdisplays that we expect will match conventional eyewear frames in size and weight. These new optics and displays provide what we believe are significantly improved ergonomics compared to competing wearable virtual displays. We expect them to have a considerable cost advantage.

 

Vuzix Quantum Optic:   We believe we have developed revolutionary “first surface” optics assemblies that include lenses, microdisplays, and backlights, all assembled into a single sub-assembly. This technology permits the production of inexpensive microdisplay engines that provide low-distortion and large field of view images. Our Tac Eye HMDs employ this technology and in the fall of 2009 we introduced our first “Wrap” line of Video Eyewear based on a hybrid that employs a mix of conventional refractive optics with a prism.  We were able to produce a tall thin design, allowing the form factor of the Video Eyewear to be closer to that of a conventional pair of sunglasses.  We have both issued and pending patents for this technology.

 

See-Through Waveguides:   We are developing an optical display engine that uses a 1.4 mm thick see-through blade of glass or plastic with an ultra-compact micro display engine to magnify and focus the light from a display into a user’s eye. If successfully produced, we expect that this near-eye display engine will provide a large field of view from a very thin lens system. We expect that this near-eye display engine will also function in see-through applications. Video Eyewear incorporating this display will be closer to conventional sunglasses than currently available products in comfort, size, weight and ergonomics. We have filed patent applications with respect to this technology. We have also entered into a technology license agreement with Nokia Corporation for their Exit Pupil Expanding (EPE) optics technology. Under the agreement, Vuzix will perform on-going research and development and is expected to manufacture and bring to market components and products containing the licensed technology. The combination of Vuzix and Nokia technology is expected to accelerate the development and introduction of new NED products to the market.

 

LED Scanning Display Engine: We have patents and patents pending on a new LED Scanning Display Engine (SDE). The SDE will incorporate both the display subsystem and a waveguide optic in a single monolithic design that we believe will enable us to produce a low cost, HD resolution displays in a form factor that will fit into ordinary sunglasses.  We have successfully prototyped both monochrome and color versions of the SDE in our design labs. If our continued research is successful we believe we will be able to produce a low cost, high-resolution display that will be superior to existing microdisplay technology in terms of price, resolution, weight, form-factor and power consumption.

 

7
 

 

Low Power — LCD Drive Electronics:   We believe that our successful designs for the defense market demonstrate that we can design and implement low-power microdisplay electronics modules.

 

Patents and other Intellectual Property

 

We have a comprehensive intellectual property policy which has as its objectives: (i) the development of new intellectual property to further our intellectual property position in relation to personal display technology; and (ii) the maintenance and protection of our valuable trade secrets and know-how. We seek to further achieve these objectives through the education and training of our engineering staff and the adoption of appropriate systems, policies and procedures for the creation, identification and protection of intellectual property.

 

Our general practice is to file patent applications for our technology in the United States, Europe and Japan, while inventions which are considered to have the greatest potential are further protected by the filing of patent applications in additional countries, including Canada, Russia and China. We file and prosecute our patent applications in pursuit of the most extensive protection possible including, where appropriate, the application of the relevant technology to the broader display industry.

 

We believe that our intellectual property portfolio, coupled with our key supplier relationships and accumulated experience in the personal display field, gives us an advantage over potential competitors. We also believe our copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, and patents are critical to our success, and we intend to maintain and protect these. We also rely on proprietary technology, trade secrets, and know-how, which are not patented. To protect our rights in these areas, we require all employees and, where appropriate, contractors, consultants, advisors and collaborators, to enter into confidentiality, invention assignment and non-competition agreements.

 

In addition to our various patents, Vuzix currently has 11 registered US trademarks and 54 trademark registrations worldwide.

 

Competitors and Competitive Advantage

 

The personal display industry in which we operate is highly competitive. We compete against both direct view display technology and near-eye display technology. We believe that the principal competitive factors in the personal display industry include image size, image quality, image resolution, power efficiency, manufacturing cost, weight and dimension, feature implementation, ergonomics and, finally, the interactive capabilities of the overall display system.

 

Most of our competitors’ products are based on direct view display systems, in which the user views the display device, or screen, directly without magnification. These products have several disadvantages compared to virtual displays and our Video Eyewear products. If the screens are large enough to read as conventional internet page or HD video without external magnification or image zooming, the products must be large and bulky, such as laptops, tablets, personal computers or portable DVD players. If the displays are small, such as those incorporated in smart cellular phones, the screens can be difficult to read when displaying higher resolution content. Despite the limitations of direct view personal displays, advanced multi-media enabled or smart cellular phones are being produced in ever increasing volumes by a number of manufacturers, including Motorola, Inc., Nokia Corporation, Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, Research In Motion Limited, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., LG Electronics and Apple Inc. (Apple). We expect that these large and well-funded companies, as well as newer entrants into the marketplace, will make products that are competitive with ours based on improvements to their existing direct view display technologies or on new technologies. The “retinal” displays on the latest Apple iPads and iPhones provide very high resolution and are proving effective as mobile direct view personal displays for a variety of applications, including many that were once considered applications where Video Eyewear was superior.

 

We also have competitors who produce near eye personal displays, or Video Eyewear. We believe that most of our competitors’ near eye products have had inferior optics, marginal electronics and poor industrial design and that, as a result, our Video Eyewear products are superior to many of our competitors in both visual performance and ergonomics.

 

Competition — Consumer Products

 

Sony in late 2011 re-entered the market with their HMZ head mounted display system for home or fixed location use. In late 2011, Seiko Epson introduced a see-through HMD named Moviero BT-100. This product is a bulky see-through HMD design, intended to be a standalone device that runs Android 2.2 OS. Its connection to video is through Wi-Fi only, so it does not interface with any of the industry standard video out devices, such as these found on consoles or smart phones. Brother International also began marketing a see-through HMD on a limited basis in Japan in late 2011. We expect that, as the market grows and matures and as the technology becomes more refined, more companies may compete with us.

 

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There are a number of smaller companies that have products that compete with our Video Eyewear products. They generally use binocular display module (BDM) produced by Kopin Corporation (Kopin). Kopin offers binocular display modules (BDMs) of varying resolutions to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Those modules are designed for easy customization by OEMs and include microdisplays, backlights, optics and optional drive electronics. The availability of those BDMs has greatly reduced the investment required for new competitors to enter the business. Currently, Kopin BDMs are primarily used by Asian-based Video Eyewear manufacturers. We believe that the products produced by those manufacturers have one or more of the deficiencies described above. Kopin does not currently compete with Vuzix at the retail level. Kopin is also our primary supplier of microdisplays and we supply them display drive PCB electronics for their military night vision customers.

 

In 2010 our largest competitor, MyVu, ceased operations. Its intellectual property assets were sold to unnamed parties in Asia and we believe that MyVu may re-introduce new Video Eyewear products in 2012. Other companies that have stated their intention to enter this market when their product development is complete are Lumus and Microvision Corporation. At the CES 2012 tradeshow, Lumus demonstrated a see-through HD optics engine in a pair of Video Eyewear. They have not yet announced a product that is production ready. Recent industry press articles have shown pictures and videos of a Google concept monocular pair of glasses. Further, industry blogs have speculated that companies such as Apple and Microsoft may offer or support AR Video Eyewear products in the near future.

 

Competition — Industrial and Defense

 

Although several companies produce monocular Video Eyewear, we believe that sales of their products to date have been limited. To date, the market opportunity for products other than night vision products has been limited primarily to trial tests rather than commercial volume purchases for defense and industrial applications. We are aware of only very limited commercial volume purchases in the defense and industrial markets. Our current competitors in these markets are Liteye Systems, Inc., Lumus, Shimadzu Corporation, Microvision, Kopin, Creative Display Systems, LLC, OASYS Technology, LLC (now part of BAE Systems), Rockwell Collins, Inc. and its subsidiary Kaiser. Kopin has begun to aggressively promote its upcoming Golden-i that combines a speech controlled head mounted computer with a monocular near-eye display. The Motorola Solutions group has announced plans to introduce Golden-i in the second half of 2012 as Kopin’s exclusive distributor. We expect that we will encounter competition in the future from major suppliers of imaging and information products for defense applications.

 

There is competition in all classes of products manufactured by us, including from divisions of large companies and many small companies. Our sales do not represent a significant share of the market for any class of products. The principal points of competition for these products include, among other factors: price, product performance, the experience of the particular company and history of its dealings in such products. We believe that most of the monocular Video Eyewear products currently offered by our competitors are inferior to ours because they are bulky, have smaller image sizes with poor optics and/or are currently priced higher than our products.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales

 

We focus primarily today on the consumer and defense markets. Targeted applications include video viewing, remote monitors, Virtual Reality, and Augmented Reality. Historically, most of our sales efforts were directed toward obtaining contracts to provide custom engineering solutions and products for the defense markets. However, starting in 2005, as our products and technology evolved, we began to sell standard Video Eyewear products for the consumer markets. In 2007 we introduced Virtual Reality products and in 2010 we introduced our first Augmented Reality products.

 

We have separate marketing and sales strategies for each of our target application areas and markets. We regularly attend industry trade shows in our application markets and have begun establishing some level of separate branding for both of our divisions. The consumer group sells under the Vuzix name and defense division under the Tac-Eye name. Both groups sell products into the industrial, commercial, academic and medical markets.

 

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Marketing

 

Our marketing group is responsible for product management, planning, advertising, marketing communications, and public relations. We intend to become known as the premier supplier of Video Eyewear in the consumer markets, where our products are currently sold under the iWear® and WrapTM brands. We also intend to become known as the premier supplier of augmented reality and virtual display technology and systems for the industrial, defense, and low-vision assist markets. We have an internal public relations effort in the US and employ a public relations firm part-time in the UK. We also employ a marketing firm to help prepare brochures, packaging, tradeshow messaging and advertising campaigns. We plan to undertake specific marketing activities as needed, including, but not limited to:

 

·product reviews, case studies and promotions in trade publications;

·enhancement and maintenance of our Website, Web Store and Social Media sites;

·internet and web page advertising and targeted emails;

·public relations

·print advertising, catalogs and point of purchase displays

·trade shows and sponsorships; and

·co-marketing relationships or partnerships with relevant companies in selected markets.

 

Defense and Industrial

 

We primarily solicit sales of our government/defense products and engineering services directly. We employ, and expect to continue to employ, a Washington-based lobbying firm to help increase our visibility as a potential supplier in these markets and to assist us in uncovering new sales opportunities. We also act as a value added supplier, supplying our products to major defense suppliers, such as iRobot, Harris Corporation, L3 Corporation and others, to complement their products so that they can offer a complete turn-key solution to their potential defense customers. We are attempting to expand such partnerships and co-marketing agreements with government- and defense-focused value added resellers and system integrators where our Tac-Eye® product lines are part of a total solution. Beginning in 2012 we retained an external sales agency to assist in our sales to US Military customers and their prime suppliers. Business is solicited from large industrial manufacturers and defense companies, the US government and foreign governments and major foreign electronic equipment companies. In certain countries we have and intend to continue to use external sales representatives to help solicit and coordinate foreign contracts. We also search various government contract offering sites for procurement programs in which we believe we are qualified to participate.

 

Consumer

 

We engage in a variety of marketing efforts that are intended to drive customers to our products and to grow awareness of our consumer products and Video Eyewear in general. Public relations are an important aspect of our marketing and we intend to continue to distribute samples of our products to key industry participants. We intend to focus our consumer marketing efforts for 2012 on:

    

distinguishing our Video Eyewear product category from current competitors and legacy head mounted displays by offering products with performance that is superior to our competitors;
creating awareness with the press and general public about the AR and VR applications that are now possible with our Video Eyewear;
attempting to create and build further consumer acceptance and momentum around the Video Eyewear category as compared to existing alternative technologies; and
creating brand awareness of the Vuzix and Wrap™ brands.

 

Our Video Eyewear and VR Video Eyewear products are currently sold directly to consumers through select specialty retailers, through catalogue offerings and through third party North American distributors including D&H. Our products are currently sold by the following US based resellers: Hammacher Schlemmer, Macy’s and Amazon and directly from us through our website. Our latest Wrap 1200 Video Eyewear and AR Video Eyewear models are not currently offered through third party resellers, and must be purchased directly from Vuzix. Our website, www.vuzix.com is an important part of our direct sales efforts. For resellers with physical retail locations in the US, we have in the past offered point of purchase systems that include a video frame running a slide show presentation about the products and an integrated fully functional Video Eyewear product that allows potential customers to use our products.

 

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We currently sell our products internationally through distributors, resellers, and various Vuzix operated web stores in Europe and Japan. Our international focus is currently on Japan and the EU. In Japan we have a branch sales and service office in Tokyo, and a small warehouse outside of Tokyo. We employ three full-time and one part-time staff. In spring 2008 we created a wholly owned subsidiary, Vuzix (Europe) Limited, through which to conduct our business in the EU and Middle Eastern markets. Resellers in 50 countries placed orders with us during 2011. We maintain a small European sales office in Oxford, England. We have also retained a sales consultant (who acts as our European Director of Operations), a UK public relations firm and a mobile applications consultant to provide us with advice regarding the European cellular phone market. For customer support and warehousing, we have contracted with a third-party end user technical support firm and fulfillment center to service our customers in the EU.

 

In August 2009, we entered into a long-term exclusive distribution agreement for Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan with YuView Holdings Ltd. Under this agreement, YuView has the exclusive right to distribute our products in the territory, subject to their achievement of minimum annual sales volumes and other milestones. Under the agreement, YuView has the option, subject to its achievement of unit sales volume thresholds, to manufacture some of our products in China for sale in that market only. The agreement has an initial term of five years and will then renew automatically for an additional five year term unless YuView is then in breach. YuView may terminate the agreement at any time on six months written notice. We may terminate the agreement if YuView fails to sell the required minimum amounts of our products. In the fall of 2011, we notified YuView of their failure to sell the required minimum amounts and terminated the exclusive distribution agreement. However, we expect that YuView may continue to operate as a non-exclusive distributor of our products in China without the automatic option to manufacture our products.

 

Manufacturing

 

Currently, we purchase product components from our suppliers, engage third party contract manufacturing firms to perform electronic circuit board and cable assemblies, and perform the final assembly of our products ourselves in our Rochester, New York facility. We are experienced in the successful production of our products in moderate volumes. We expect to continue to perform final assembly of our Video Eyewear products ourselves over the short term. However, if our volume increases and cost effective third party sourcing becomes feasible, we anticipate that we will outsource the bulk of the final assembly, with the possible exception of certain critical optical and display components.

 

We currently purchase almost all of the microdisplays used in our products from Kopin and eMagin. Kopin accounts for approximately 91% of our microdisplays by unit volume. Relationships with both Kopin and eMagin generally are on a purchase order basis and neither supplier has a contractual obligation to provide adequate supply or acceptable pricing on a long-term basis. We procure a small percentage of our microdisplays from other sources. While we do not manufacture our components, we own the tooling that is used to make our custom components with the exception of certain authentication chips and connectors that may be required to support industry standard device connectivity. We do not believe that we are dependent on our relationships with any supplier other than Kopin and eMagin in order to continue to operate our business effectively. Kopin is also a significant customer of our night vision display electronics modules and owns just under 4% of our common stock. Some of our accessory products, are sourced from third parties as finished goods. We typically have them print our Vuzix brand name on these products. Such third party products represented less than 1% of our sales in 2011.

 

We generally procure components and products from our vendors on a purchase order basis without any long-term commitments. We currently use several Asian manufacturing sources, where we have located some of our tooling. Over time, we expect to globally source almost of our components to minimize product costs. We anticipate that procuring assembled products from third parties will result in decreased labor force requirements, capital equipment costs, component inventories, and the cost of maintaining inventories of work in progress.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2011, we had 46 full-time employees in North America: 5 in sales and marketing, distribution, and customer service; 13 in research and development and engineering services support; 21 in manufacturing, operations and purchasing; 1 in quality assurance; and 6 in accounting, management, and administration. We also work with a group of sub-contractors, mainly for industrial, mechanical and optical design assistance in the Rochester, New York area. Some of those subcontractors have been continuously contracted over the last 36 months. In Japan, we have 3 full-time employees and in the UK we have one full-time contractor to manage our European sales and marketing activities.

 

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History

 

We were incorporated in Delaware in 1997 as VR Acquisition Corp. In 1997, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Forte Technologies, Inc. (Forte), which was engaged in the manufacture and sale of Virtual Reality headsets and the development of related technologies. Forte was originally owned and controlled by Kopin, our main current microdisplay supplier. Most of the technologies developed by Forte are now owned and used by us.

 

In 1997 we changed our name to Kaotech Corporation. In 1998 we changed our name to Interactive Imaging Systems, Inc. In 2004 we changed our name to Vicuity Corporation and then to Icuiti Corporation. In 2007, we changed to our current name, Vuzix Corporation. None of these name changes were the result of a change in our ownership control.

 

Available Information

 

Our corporate offices are located at 75 Town Centre Drive, Rochester, New York 14623. Our phone number is (585) 359-5900. The URL for our website is www.vuzix.com. We make available free of charge through our website, our annual reports on Form 10-K and other reports that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as certain of our corporate governance policies, including the charters for the Board of Directors’ audit, compensation and nominating and committees, its code of ethics and its insider trading policy. We will provide to any person without charge, upon request, a copy of any of the foregoing materials. Any such request must be made in writing to us, c/o Investor Relations, at our corporate office address. The information contained on, connected to or that can be accessed via our website is not part of this annual report. We have included our website address in this annual report as an inactive textual reference only and not as an active hyperlink.

 

     

Item 1A Risk Factors

 

An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with all of the other information included in this annual report, before making an investment decision. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could suffer. In that case, the market value of our securities could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS

 

Because our financial statements for 2011 include an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern, we may not be able to obtain any necessary financing.

 

The independent registered public accounting report for our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011 includes an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. This "going concern" paragraph may have an adverse effect on our ability to obtain financing for operations and to further develop and market products. If we are not able to obtain adequate financing when and in the amounts needed in the near future, and on terms that are acceptable, our operations, financial condition and prospects could be materially and adversely affected, our ability to continue as a going concern is in substantial doubt.

 

Our plans with respect to addressing these matters are discussed in greater detail under “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditional and Results of Operations—Liquidity and Capital Resources” and in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements. Our future viability is dependent on our ability to execute these plans successfully. If we fail to do so for any reason, we would not have adequate liquidity to fund our operations, would not be able to continue as a going concern and could be forced to seek relief through a filing under U.S. Bankruptcy Code.

 

We have incurred net losses since our inception and if we continue to incur net losses in the foreseeable future the market price of our common stock may decline.

 

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We incurred annual net losses of $3,879,581 in 2011, $4,557,133 in 2010, and $3,250,424 in 2009. We had an accumulated deficit of $26,469,144 as of December 31, 2011.

 

We may not achieve or maintain profitability in the future. In particular, we expect that our expenses relating to sales and marketing and product development and support, as well as our general and administrative costs, will increase, requiring us to increase sales in order to achieve and maintain profitability. If we do not achieve and maintain profitability, our financial condition will be materially and adversely affected. We would eventually be unable to continue our operations unless we were able to raise additional capital. We may not be able to raise any necessary capital on commercially reasonable terms or at all. If we fail to achieve or maintain profitability on a quarterly or annual basis within the timeframe expected by investors, the market price of our common stock may decline.

 

We may need to raise additional capital to fund continuing operations. If our financing efforts are not successful, we may not be able to continue as a going concern.

 

We will require additional financing in order to complete our plan of operations for the next twelve months unless we can successfully sell some of our assets. There can be no assurance, however, that such financing will be available or, if it is available, that we will be able to structure such financing on terms acceptable to us or that it will be sufficient to fund our cash requirements until we can reach a level of profitable operations and positive cash flows. If we are unable to obtain the financing necessary to support our operations, we will be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The trading price of our shares of common stock and the tightening of the credit markets, disruption in the financial markets and global economic downturn experienced over the last several quarters could make it more difficult to obtain financing through the issuance of equity or debt securities. Any additional equity financing will be dilutive to our stockholders, and debt financing, if available, may include restrictive covenants and require significant collateral. Further, if we issue additional equity or debt securities, stockholders may experience additional dilution or the new equity securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of our shares of common stock.

  

 

We have depended on defense related engineering contracts and two customers, each of whom is a supplier to the U.S. government, for sales and our revenues would be materially reduced if we are unable to continue to obtain sales from government contracts or if either of our two significant customers reduce or delay orders from us.

 

Since inception, a substantial portion of our sales have been derived from the sale of night vision display drive electronics to two suppliers to the US government. Sales of night vision display drive electronics to these customers amounted to 20%, 17%, and 31% of our sales in 2011, 2010, and 2009, respectively. We have no long-term contracts with these customers. A significant reduction or delay in orders from either of our significant customers or in their contracts with the US government would materially reduce our revenue and cash flow and adversely affect our ability to achieve or maintain profitability in the future.

 

The next largest source of revenues has been sales directly to the US Department of Defense, primarily for engineering programs. Such sales amounted to 21%, 5%, and 2% of our sales in 2011, 2010, and 2009, respectively. We have no long-term contracts with the US government for engineering services. We plan to submit proposals for additional development contract funding. However, development contract funding is subject to legislative authorization and, even if funds are appropriated, such funds may be withdrawn based on changes in government priorities.

 

Together, these two groups of customers accounted for 41%, 22%, and 33% in 2011, 2010, and 2009, respectively. We or our customers may not be successful in obtaining new government contracts or in receiving further night vision display electronics orders. Our or our customers’ inability to obtain sales from government contracts could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and would likely cause us to delay or slow our growth plans, resulting in lower net sales and adversely affecting our liquidity and profitability.

 

Because our US government defense contracts and subcontracts are subject to procurement laws and regulations, we may not receive all of the revenues we anticipate receiving under those contracts and subcontracts.

 

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Generally, US government contracts are subject to procurement laws and regulations. Some of the our contracts are governed by the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), which lays out uniform policies and procedures for the acquisition of goods and services by the US government, and agency-specific acquisition regulations that implement or supplement the FAR. For example, the Department of Defense implements the FAR through the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations (DFAR).

 

The FAR also contains guidelines and regulations for managing a contract after award, including conditions under which contracts may be terminated, in whole or in part, at the government’s convenience or for default. If a contract is terminated for the convenience of the government, a contractor is entitled to receive payments for its allowable costs and, in general, the proportionate share of fees or earnings for the work done. If a contract is terminated for default, the government generally pays for only the work it has accepted. These regulations also subject us to financial audits and other reviews by the government of our costs, performance, accounting and general business practices relating to our government contracts, which may result in adjustment of our contract-related costs and fees.

 

Our US government contract and subcontract orders are funded by government budgets that are proposed by the President of the United States and reviewed and approved by the Congress. Funds allocated to government agencies are administered by the Executive Office of the President. There are two primary risks associated with this process. First, the process may be delayed or disrupted for a number of reasons, including congressional schedules, negotiations over funding levels for programs or unforeseen national or world events. Second, funding for multi-year contracts can be changed in future appropriations. Either of these events could affect the allocation, timing, schedule and program content of our government contracts and subcontracts and, accordingly, our sales.

 

Our lack of long-term purchase orders and commitments from our customers may lead to a rapid decline in our sales and profitability.

 

All of our significant consumer division customers issue purchase orders solely in their own discretion, often shortly before the requested date of shipment. Our customers are generally able to cancel orders (without penalty) or delay the delivery of products on relatively short notice. In addition, our customers may decide not to purchase products from us for any reason. Any of our current customers may stop purchasing our products in the future. If those customers do not continue to purchase our products, our sales volume and profitability could decline rapidly with little or no warning.

 

We cannot rely on long-term purchase orders or commitments to protect us from the negative financial effects of a decline in demand for our products. The uncertainty of product orders makes it difficult for us to forecast our sales and allocate our resources in a manner consistent with our actual sales. Moreover, our expense levels are based in part on our expectations of future sales and, if our expectations regarding future sales are inaccurate, we may be unable to reduce costs in a timely manner to adjust for sales shortfalls. Furthermore, because we depend on a small number of customers for the vast majority of our sales, the ramifications of these risks is greater than if we had a greater number of customers. As a result of our lack of long-term purchase orders and purchase commitments, we may experience a rapid decline in our sales and profitability.

 

If either of the two defense customers on whom we depend fails to pay us amounts owed in a timely manner, we could suffer a significant decline in cash flow and liquidity which, in turn, could cause us to fail to pay our liabilities and render us unable to purchase adequate inventory to sustain or expand our sales volume

 

Our accounts receivable represented approximately 27% and 17% of our total current assets as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. As of December 31, 2011, one customer was just under 38% of our total accounts receivable and our two major customers by revenue, represented less than 18% of our total accounts receivable at that date. At certain times there can be substantial amounts and concentrations of our accounts receivable, and if any of our major customers fails to pay us amounts owed in a timely manner, we could suffer a significant decline in cash flow and liquidity which could adversely affect our ability to pay our liabilities and to purchase inventory to sustain or expand our current sales volume and adversely affect our ability to continue our business.

 

 In addition, our business is characterized by long periods for collection from our customers and short periods for payment to our suppliers, the combination of which may cause us to have liquidity problems. We experience an average accounts settlement period ranging from one month to as high as three months from the time we deliver our products to the time we receive payment from our customers. In contrast, we typically need to place certain deposits and advances with our suppliers on a portion of the purchase price. Because our payment cycle is considerably shorter than our receivable collection cycle, we may experience working capital shortages. Working capital management, including prompt and diligent billing and collection, is an important factor in our results of operations and liquidity. System problems, industry trends, our customers’ liquidity problems or payment practices or other issues may extend our collection period, which would adversely impact our liquidity, our ability to pay our liabilities and to purchase inventory to sustain or expand our current sales volume, and adversely affect our ability to continue our business. To help mitigate this risk we obtained a line of credit in March 2011 to help finance our accounts receivable, but there can be no assurance that this line of credit will continue to be available or, if available, will be adequate for our needs.

 

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Our future growth and profitability may be adversely affected if our marketing initiatives are not effective in generating sufficient levels of brand awareness.

 

A significant portion of our sales have been derived from the sale of night vision display electronics and from research and development contracts with suppliers to, or directly with the US government and other customers. Our long-term business plan contemplates such sales as a percentage of our overall revenues will transition more to the consumer and industrial markets. Our future growth and profitability from our consumer and industrial products will depend in large part upon the effectiveness and efficiency of our marketing efforts, including our ability to:

    

create awareness of our brand and products, including general awareness of this new Video Eyewear product category;
identify the most effective and efficient levels of spending for marketing expenditures in our new target market;
effectively manage marketing costs (including creative and media) in order to maintain acceptable operating margins and return on marketing investment;
select the right markets in which to market; and
convert consumer awareness into actual product purchases.

 

Our planned marketing expenditures may not result in increased total sales or generate sufficient levels of product and brand name awareness. We may not be able to manage our marketing expenditures on a cost-effective basis.

 

If we fail to accurately forecast seasonal demand for our consumer Video Eyewear products, our results of operations for the entire fiscal year may be materially adversely affected.

 

Historically, a high percentage of our consumer Video Eyewear product annual sales have been attributable to the winter holiday selling season. Like many manufacturers of consumer electronics products, we must make merchandising and inventory decisions for the winter holiday selling season well in advance of actual sales. Further compounding the difficulty of this forecasting are other fluctuations in demand for the consumer electronics products that work with our Video Eyewear products, often due to the same seasonal influences, as well as technological advances and new models which are often introduced later in the calendar year. Inaccurate projections of demand or deviations in the demand for our products may cause large fluctuations in our fourth quarter results and could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for the entire fiscal year.

 

Our Video Eyewear products require ongoing research and development and we may experience technical problems or delays and may not have the funds necessary to continue their development, which could lead our business to fail.

 

Our research and development efforts remain subject to all of the risks associated with the development of new products based on emerging and innovative technologies, including, for example, unexpected technical problems or the possible insufficiency of funds for completing development of these products. If we experience technical problems or delays, further improvements in our products and the introduction of future products could be delayed, and we could incur significant additional expenses and our business may fail.

 

We anticipate that we will require additional funds and further US government engineering services contracts to maintain our current levels of expenditure for research and development of new products and technologies, and to obtain and maintain patents and other intellectual property rights in these technologies, the timing and amount of which are difficult to forecast. Any funds we need may not be available on commercially reasonable terms or at all. If we cannot obtain the necessary additional capital when needed, we might be forced to reduce our research and development efforts which would materially and adversely affect our business. If we attempt to raise capital in an offering of shares of our common stock, preferred stock, convertible securities or warrants, our then-existing stockholders’ interests will be diluted.

 

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We depend on advances in technology by other companies and if those advances do not materialize, some of our products may not be successfully commercialized and our anticipated new products could be delayed or cancelled.

 

We rely on and will continue to rely on technologies (including microdisplays) that are developed and produced by other companies. The commercial success of certain of our planned future products will depend in part on advances in these and other technologies by other companies. We may, from time to time, contract with and support companies developing key technologies in order to accelerate the development of them for our specific uses. Such activities might not result in useful technologies or components for us. We are attempting to mitigate this risk by developing our own microdisplay technologies, but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in doing so.

 

If we fail to develop new products and adapt to new technologies, our business and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

 

The market for our products is characterized by rapid changes in products, designs and manufacturing process technologies. Our success depends to a large extent on our ability to develop and manufacture new products and technologies to match the varying requirements of different customers and groups in order to establish a competitive position and become profitable. Furthermore, we must adapt our products and processes to technological changes and emerging industry standards and practices on a cost-effective and timely basis. Our failure to accomplish any of the above could harm our business and operating results.

 

Consumer electronics products are subject to rapid technological changes. Companies within the consumer electronics industry are continuously developing new products with increased performance and functionality. This puts pricing pressure on existing products and constantly threatens to make them, or causes them to be, obsolete. As our unit sales increase, our ability to manage and mitigate future clearance discounting activities may be harder and greater sales with negative margins could increase. Our typical product life cycle is relatively short, generating lower average selling prices as the cycle matures. With cost reductions in component design and increased manufacturing volumes we have not faced significant margin erosion as we introduce new models of our Video Eyewear products. If we fail to accurately anticipate the introduction of new technologies, we may possess significant amounts of obsolete inventory that can only be sold at substantially lower prices and gross margins than we anticipated. In addition, if we fail to accurately anticipate the introduction of new technologies, we may be unable to compete effectively due to our failure to offer products most demanded by the marketplace. If any of these failures occur, our sales, profit margins and profitability will be adversely affected.

 

If microdisplay-based personal displays do not gain some reasonable level of acceptance in the market for mobile displays, our business strategy may fail.

 

The mobile display market is dominated by displays larger than one-inch, based on direct view liquid crystal display (LCD) and organic light emitting display (OLED) technology. A number of companies have made and continue to make substantial investments in, and are conducting research to improve characteristics of, small direct view LCDs. Many of the leading manufacturers of these larger direct view LCDs, including LG Electronics, Royal Philips Electronics, Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Sony Corporation and Sharp Corporation, are large, established companies with global marketing capabilities, widespread brand recognition and extensive financial resources. Advances in LCD and OLED technology or other technologies may overcome their current limitations and permit them to remain or become more attractive technologies for personal viewing applications, which could limit the potential market for our Video Eyewear technology and cause our business strategy to fail.

 

It is difficult to assess or predict with any certainty the potential size, timing and viability of market opportunities for our microdisplay-based Video Eyewear products or their market acceptance. Market acceptance of Video Eyewear technology will depend, in part, upon consumer acceptance of near-to-eye displays and upon microdisplay technology providing benefits comparable to or greater than those provided by alternative direct view display technology at a competitive price. If consumers fail to accept near-to-eye displays in the numbers we anticipate or as soon as we anticipate, the sales of our Video Eyewear products and our results of operations would be adversely affected and our business strategy may fail.

 

16
 

 

There are a number of competing providers of microdisplay-based personal display technology and we may fail to capture a substantial portion of the personal display market.

 

In addition to competing with direct view displays, we also compete with microdisplay-based personal display technologies that have been developed by other companies. Our primary personal display competitors include Carl Zeiss, Inc. (Zeiss), Sony, Epson, Brother International, 5DT Inc., eMagin Corporation (eMagin), Kopin Corporation (Kopin), Lumus Ltd. (Lumus) and Kaiser Electro Optics Inc. (Kaiser). Most of our microdisplay-based competitors have greater financial, marketing, distribution and technical resources than we do. Certain of these competing microdisplay-based technologies entered the marketplace prior to us. Moreover, our competitors may succeed in developing new microdisplay-based personal display technologies that are more affordable or have more or more desirable features than our technology. If our products are unable to capture a substantial portion of the personal display market, our business strategy may fail.

 

Our business and products are subject to government regulation and we may incur additional compliance costs or, if we fail to comply with applicable regulations, may incur fines or be forced to suspend or cease operations.

 

Our products must comply with certain requirements of the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulating electromagnetic radiation in order to be sold in the US and with comparable requirements of the regulatory authorities of the European Union (EU) and other jurisdictions in order to be sold in those jurisdictions. We are also subject to various governmental regulations related to toxic, volatile, and other hazardous chemicals used in connection with parts of our manufacturing process, including the Restriction of Certain Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) issued by the EU effective July 1, 2006. This directive restricts the distribution of products within the EU that exceed very low maximum concentration values of certain substances, including lead.

 

We believe that all our current consumer products comply with the regulations of the jurisdictions in which they are sold. Our failure to comply with these regulations in the future could result in the imposition of fines or in the suspension or cessation of our operations or sales in the applicable jurisdictions. Additional regulations applicable to our business may be enacted in the United States or other jurisdictions in the future. Compliance with regulations enacted in the future could substantially increase our cost of doing business or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and our business.

 

Our products will likely experience rapidly declining unit prices and we may not be able to offset that decline with production cost decreases or higher unit sales.

 

In the markets in which we expect to compete, prices of established products tend to decline significantly over time. In order to maintain our profit margins over the long term, we believe that we will need to continuously develop product enhancements and new technologies that will either slow price declines of our products or reduce the cost of producing and delivering our products. While we anticipate many opportunities to reduce production costs over time, we may not be able to reduce our production costs. We expect to attempt to offset the anticipated decrease in our average selling price by introducing new products, increasing our sales volumes or adjusting our product mix. If we fail to do so, our results of operations will be materially and adversely affected.

 

If we cannot obtain and maintain appropriate patent and other intellectual property rights protection for our technology, our business will suffer.

 

The value of our personal display and related technologies is dependent on our ability to secure and maintain appropriate patent and other intellectual property rights protection. We intend to continue to aggressively pursue additional patent protection for our new products and technology. Although we own many patents covering our technology that have already been issued, we may not be able to obtain additional patents that we apply for, our patents may be found invalid if challenged and may not afford the degree of protection that we desire or require.

 

Any patent or trademark owned by us may be challenged and invalidated or circumvented. Patents may not issue from any of our pending or future patent applications. Any claims and issued patents or pending patent applications may not be broad or strong enough to adequately protect our business. Effective intellectual property protection may be unavailable or limited in certain foreign countries.

 

Unauthorized parties may attempt to copy or otherwise use aspects of our processes and devices that we regard as proprietary. Policing unauthorized use of our proprietary information and technology is difficult and our efforts to do so may not prevent misappropriation of our technologies. We may become engaged in litigation to protect or enforce our patent and other intellectual property rights or in International Trade Commission proceedings to abate the importation of goods that would compete unfairly with our products and, if successful, these actions could result in the loss of patent or other intellectual property rights protection for the key technologies on which our business strategy depends.

 

17
 

 

We rely in part on unpatented proprietary technology, and others may independently develop the same or similar technology or otherwise obtain access to our unpatented technology. We require employees, consultants, financial advisors and strategic partners to enter into confidentiality agreements, but these agreements may not provide meaningful protection for our trade secrets, know-how or other proprietary information

 

Our business and results of operations may suffer if there are, or if users claim there are, negative effects on eyesight from the long-term use of our products.

 

The personal display products that we currently market or may introduce and market in the future are new and utilize new technology. While virtual display technology has been in use over the past 25 years, sales to the general public have been limited. Extensive and continual viewing of any display, including standard computer monitors, for hours each day has the potential to negatively affect eyesight. Accordingly, it is possible that prolonged use of our products may adversely affect a user’s eyesight. We design our products with these considerations in mind to attempt to minimize any potential negative impact. We warn users that extensive daily use without appropriate rest periods may cause eye fatigue that could result in temporary or permanent damage (in much the same way that a computer monitor manufacturers now warn users about long-term computer use). Despite our efforts, we may be unable to overcome this risk and such risk could result in claims against us by users of our products. Any such claims, whether or not we are ultimately held liable for them, could diminish the value of our brand, competitive advantages or goodwill and may result in decreased sales and we could incur significant expense in defending against any such claims. In addition, if we are ultimately held liable for any such claims, the resulting liabilities may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Product liability claims, whether or not we are ultimately held liable for them, could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Our business may expose us to product liability claims for damages resulting from the design or manufacture of our products. Any such claims, whether or not we are ultimately held liable for them, could diminish the value of our brand, competitive advantages or goodwill and result in decreased sales and we could incur significant expense in defending against any such claims. While we plan to obtain and maintain product liability insurance coverage, product liability claims made against us may exceed coverage limits or fall outside the scope of such coverage. Also, insurance may not be available at commercially reasonable rates or at all. We do not have any such product liability insurance in effect.

 

Our results of operations may suffer if we are not able to successfully manage our increasing exposure to foreign exchange rate risks.

 

A substantial majority of our sales and cost of components are denominated in US dollars. As our business grows both our sales and production costs may increasingly be denominated in other currencies. Where such sales or production costs are denominated in other currencies, they are converted to US dollars for the purpose of calculating any sales or costs to us. Our sales may decrease as a result of any appreciation of the US dollar against these other currencies.

 

The majority of our current expenditures are incurred in US dollars and many of our components come from countries that currently peg their currency against the US dollar. If the pegged exchange rates should change adversely or be allowed to float up, additional US dollars will be required to fund our purchases of these components.

 

Although we do not currently enter into currency option contracts or engage in other hedging activities, we may do so in the future. We cannot assure you that we will undertake any such hedging activities or that, if we do so, they will be successful in reducing the risks to us of our exposure to foreign currency fluctuations.

 

18
 

 

Due to our significant level of international operations, we are subject to international operational, financial, legal and political risks.

 

A substantial part of our operations are expected to be outside of the United States and many of our customers and suppliers have some or all of their operations in countries other than the United States. Risks associated with our doing business outside of the United States include:

    

compliance with a wide variety of foreign laws and regulations, particularly labor, environmental and other laws and regulations that govern our operations in those countries;
legal uncertainties regarding taxes, tariffs, quotas, export controls, export licenses, import controls and other trade barriers;
economic instability in the countries of our suppliers and customers, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region, causing delays or reductions in orders for their products and therefore our sales;
political instability in the countries in which our suppliers operate, particularly in China and Taiwan;
difficulties in collecting accounts receivable and longer accounts receivable payment cycles; and
potentially adverse tax consequences.

 

Any of these factors could harm our own, our suppliers’ and our customers’ international operations and businesses and impair our and their ability to continue expanding into international markets.

 

We may lose the services of key management personnel and may not be able to attract and retain other necessary personnel.

 

Changes in our management could have an adverse effect on our business. This is especially an issue while our staff is small. We are dependent upon the active participation of several key management personnel, including Paul J. Travers, our President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO). We do not carry key person life insurance on any of our senior management or other key personnel other than our CEO. While we have life insurance coverage on our CEO, we do not believe the coverage would be sufficient to completely protect us against losses we may suffer if his services were to become unavailable to us in the future. Our Chief Financial Officer, Grant Russell, a Canadian citizen, currently has his principal residence in Vancouver, Canada and a second residence in Rochester, New York. If he becomes unable to legally travel to and work in the United States, his ability to perform some of his duties could be materially adversely affected.

 

We must hire highly skilled technical personnel as employees and as independent contractors in order to develop our products. As of December 31, 2011, we had 46 full-time employees. The competition for highly skilled technical, managerial and other personnel is intense and we may not be able to retain or recruit such personnel. Our recruiting and retention success is substantially dependent on our ability to offer competitive salaries and benefits to our employees. We must compete with companies that possess greater financial and other resources than we do and that may be more attractive to potential employees and contractors. To be competitive, we may have to increase the compensation, bonuses, stock options and other fringe benefits offered to employees in order to attract and retain such personnel. The costs of retaining or attracting new personnel may have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results. If we fail to attract and retain the technical and managerial personnel we need to be successful, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

Our failure to effectively manage growth could harm our business.

 

We have rapidly and significantly expanded the number and types of products we sell, and we will endeavor to further expand our product portfolio. We must regularly introduce new products and technologies, enhance existing products, and effectively stimulate customer demand for new products and upgraded versions of our existing products.

 

This expansion of our products places a significant strain on our management, operations and engineering resources. Specifically, the areas that are strained most by our growth include the following:

    

New Product Launch:   With the growth of our product portfolio, we experience increased complexity in coordinating product development, manufacturing, and shipping. As this complexity increases, it places a strain on our ability to accurately coordinate the commercial launch of our products with adequate supply to meet anticipated customer demand and effective marketing to stimulate demand and market acceptance. If we are unable to scale and improve our product launch coordination, we could frustrate our customers and lose retail shelf space and product sales;
Forecasting, Planning and Supply Chain Logistics:   With the growth of our product portfolio, we also experience increased complexity in forecasting customer demand, in planning for production, and in transportation and logistics management. If we are unable to scale and improve our forecasting, planning and logistics management, we could frustrate our customers, lose product sales or accumulate excess inventory; and
Support Processes:   To manage the growth of our operations, we will need to continue to improve our transaction processing, operational and financial systems, and procedures and controls to effectively manage the increased complexity. If we are unable to scale and improve these areas, the consequences could include: delays in shipment of product, degradation in levels of customer support, lost sales, decreased cash flows, and increased inventory. These difficulties could harm or limit our ability to expand.

 

19
 

 

Our facilities and information systems and those of our key suppliers could be damaged as a result of disasters or unpredictable events, which could have an adverse effect on our business operations.

 

We operate our business from two locations in the Rochester, New York area. We also rely on third party manufacturing plants in China and third party logistics, sales and marketing facilities in other parts of the world to provide key components of our Video Eyewear products and services necessary for our operations. If major disasters such as earthquakes, fires, floods, wars, terrorist attacks, computer viruses, transportation disasters or other events occur in any of these locations, or our information systems or communications network or those of any of our key component suppliers breaks down or operates improperly as a result of such events, our facilities or those of our key suppliers may be seriously damaged, and we may have to stop or delay production and shipment of our products. We may also incur expenses relating to such damages. If production or shipment of our products or components is stopped or delayed or if we incur any increased expenses as a result of damage to our facilities, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

Terrorism and the uncertainty of future terrorist attacks or war could reduce consumer confidence which could adversely affect our operating results.

 

Terrorist acts or acts of war may cause damage or disruption to our facilities, information systems, vendors, employees and customers, which could significantly harm our sales and results of operations. In the future, fears of war or additional acts of terrorism may have a negative effect on consumer confidence or consumer discretionary spending patterns, as well as have an adverse effect on the economy in general. This impact may be particularly harmful to our business because we expect to rely heavily on discretionary consumer spending and consumer confidence levels.

 

A failure of our information technology systems could materially adversely affect our business. 

 

A failure or prolonged interruption in our information technology systems that compromises our ability to meet our customers' needs, or impairs our ability to record, process and report accurate information to the SEC could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

 

A breach of our cyber security systems could materially adversely affect our business.  

 

A breach that compromises proprietary data or our ability to meet our customers’ needs or impairs our ability to record, process and report accurate information could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition. 

 

 

RISKS RELATED TO MANUFACTURING

 

We do not manufacture our own microdisplays, one of the key components of our Video Eyewear products, and we may not be able to obtain the microdisplays we need.

 

We do not currently own or operate any manufacturing facilities for microdisplays, one of the key components in our Video Eyewear products. We currently purchase almost all of the microdisplays used in our products from Kopin and eMagin. Kopin accounts for approximately 91% of our microdisplays by unit volume. Products incorporating Kopin microdisplays accounted for approximately 34% of our sales in 2011 and products incorporating eMagin microdisplays accounted for approximately 32% of our sales in 2011. Our relationships with both Kopin and eMagin generally are on a purchase order basis and neither supplier has a contractual obligation to provide adequate supply or acceptable pricing on a long-term basis. Both Kopin and eMagin could discontinue sourcing merchandise for us at any time. If Kopin or eMagin were to discontinue their relationships with us, or discontinue providing specific products to us, and we are unable to contract with a new supplier that can meet our requirements, or if Kopin or eMagin or such other supplier were to suffer a disruption in their production, we could experience disruption of our inventory flow, a decrease in sales and the possible need to redesign our products. Any such event could disrupt our operations and have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

20
 

 

Certain other components and services necessary for the manufacture of our products are available from only a limited number of sources, and other components and services are only available from a single source.

 

Our inability to obtain sufficient quantities of high quality components or services on a timely basis could result in future manufacturing delays, increased costs and ultimately in reduced or delayed sales or lost orders which could materially and adversely affect our operating results.

 

The consumer electronics industry is subject to significant fluctuations in the availability of components. If we do not properly anticipate the need for critical components, we may be unable to meet the demands of our customers and end-users.

 

The availability of certain of the components that we require to produce our Video Eyewear products may decrease. As the availability of components decreases, the cost of acquiring those components ordinarily increases. High growth product categories have experienced chronic shortages of components during periods of exceptionally high demand. If we do not properly anticipate the need for or procure critical components, we may pay higher prices for those components, our gross margins may decrease and we may be unable to meet the demands of our customers and end-users, which could reduce our competitiveness, cause a decline in our market share and have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

 

Unanticipated disruptions in our operations or slowdowns by our suppliers, distributors and shipping companies could adversely affect our ability to deliver our products and service our customers.

 

Our ability to provide high quality customer service, process and fulfill orders and manage inventory depends on the efficient, timely and uninterrupted performance of our manufacturing and distribution facilities and our management information systems and the facilities and systems of our third party suppliers, distributors and shipping companies.

 

Any material disruption or slowdown in the operation of our manufacturing and distribution facilities or our management information systems, or comparable disruptions or slowdowns suffered by our principal suppliers, distributors or shippers could cause delays in our ability to receive, process and fulfill customer orders and may cause orders to be canceled, lost or delivered late, goods to be returned or receipt of goods to be refused. If any of these events occur, our sales and operating results could be materially and adversely affected.

 

RISKS RELATING TO OUR SECURITIES

 

The price of our common stock and warrants have been highly volatile and an investment in our securities could suffer a decline in value.

 

The market price of our common stock and warrants has been highly volatile since they began trading on the TSX Venture Exchange (TSX-V) in January 2010. It will likely be characterized by significant price volatility when compared to more established issuers for the foreseeable future.

 

If we cannot maintain the listing of our common stock and warrants on the TSX-V holders of our common stock and warrants may not be able to resell their securities at or near the price they paid for them or at any price.

 

Our common stock and warrants are currently listed on the TSX-V under the symbols “VZX” and “VZX.WT”, respectively, our common stock is traded on the OTC Bulletin Board (OTC:BB) under the symbol “VUZI” and on the First Quotation Board of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbol “V7X”. The TSX-V has continuing listing requirements and we may not be able to comply with those requirements and maintain our listing. If our common stock and warrants are not listed on the TSX-V we would likely also lose our listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange but our common shares could still be quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board. The OTC Bulletin Board is an inter-dealer, over-the-counter market that provides significantly less liquidity and transparency than the TSX-V. Therefore, prices for securities traded solely on the OTC Bulletin Board may be difficult to obtain and holders of our common stock and warrants may be unable to resell their securities at or near the price they paid for them or at any price.

 

21
 

 

The market price of our common stock and warrants may decline because of the number of shares of our common stock eligible for future sale in the public marketplace.

 

The price of our common stock and warrants could decline if there are substantial sales of our common stock in the public market in the future. As of December 31, 2011, 265,259,348 shares of our common stock were issued and outstanding. 31,180,157 shares of our common stock sold in our initial public offering are freely tradable without restriction or further registration under the Securities Act, except for any of those shares held by our “affiliates,” as that term is defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act, whose sales would be subject to the volume and manner of sale limitations of Rule 144 described below. In addition, 146,440,415 shares of our common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2011, or approximately 56% of our common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2011, may be resold at any time, subject to the lock-up agreements and TSX-V escrow arrangements and seed share resale restrictions described below. Our executive officers and directors currently own 82,987,672 shares, or approximately 31% of our common stock outstanding as of December 31, 2011, some which are eligible for resale subject to the volume and manner of sale limitations of Rule 144 and subject to the lock-up agreements and TSX-V escrow arrangements described below.

 

The holders of an aggregate of 31,764,437 shares of our common stock have rights, subject to some conditions, to require us to include their shares in registration statements that we may file for ourselves or other stockholders. Additionally our Senior Term Debt is convertible and if it was fully converted a total of 46,517,695 shares of our common stock would have the right to cause the Company to register those shares in one or more piggy-back registrations and/or in one demand registration. We also intend to register for resale all shares of common stock that we have issued and may issue under our option plans. Once we register these shares, subject to any lock-up restrictions, if any, they can be freely sold in the public market. Furthermore, our agents may, at their discretion and at any time without notice, release all or any portion of the securities from the restrictions on sale imposed by lock-up agreements. Due to these factors, a substantial number of shares of our common stock may be eligible for sale in the public market at any time. These sales, or the perception in the market that the holders of a large number of shares are able to or intend to sell shares, could reduce the market price of our common stock.

 

If management continues to own a significant percentage of our outstanding common stock, management may prevent other stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions.

 

Our officers and directors currently own approximately 31% of the outstanding shares of our common stock. As a result, our management will exercise significant control over matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of our board of directors, the approval of mergers and other extraordinary transactions, as well as the terms of any of these transactions. This concentration of ownership could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in our control or otherwise discouraging a potential acquirer from attempting to obtain control of us, which could in turn have an adverse effect on the fair market value of our company and our common stock. The interests of these and other of our existing stockholders may conflict with the interests of our other stockholders.

 

Our common stock is considered a “penny stock” and is subject to additional sale and trading regulations that may make it more difficult to sell.

 

Our common stock, which is traded on the OTC:BB is considered to be a “penny stock” and US securities broker-dealers participating in sales of our common stock will be subject to the “penny stock” regulations set forth in Rules 15g-2 through 15g-9 promulgated under the Exchange Act.

 

Because we do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock, our stockholders will only realize a return (or recovery of a portion of their initial investment) on their investment upon the sale of their shares.

 

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We currently intend to retain our future earnings, if any, to finance the operation and growth of our business and do not expect to pay any cash dividends.

 

We may not be able to meet our liquidity needs or to access capital when necessary because of adverse capital and credit market conditions.

 

We have historically relied on private placements of equity and debt to fund our operating losses and capital expenditure. During the recent years, the capital and credit markets at various times have experienced volatility and disruption. Disruptions, uncertainty or volatility in the capital and credit markets may limit our ability to access the capital necessary to operate and grow our business. Adverse capital and credit market conditions may force us to delay raising capital or bear an unattractive cost of capital which could significantly reduce our financial flexibility. Our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and capital position and the market value of our common stock could be materially adversely affected by disruptions in the financial markets.

 

22
 

 

Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments

Not applicable.

 

Item 2. Properties
         

Our manufacturing facility, consisting of approximately 8,800 square feet, is located at 2166 Brighton Henrietta Townline Road, Rochester, New York 14623, and our research and development, sales and administration offices, consisting of approximately 9,600 square feet, are located in two different suites at 75 Town Centre Drive, Rochester, New York 14623. We currently pay approximately $65,000 per year in rent for our manufacturing facility; $48,000 per year for our research and development offices; and $46,000 per year for our sales and administration offices. The manufacturing facility is leased on a calendar year term and will expire in December 2012. Our lease on both our office suites expires in June 2013. We have the option without penalty to terminate either of the office leases with 90 days advance notice. A termination notice was given in October 2011, we vacated our research and development offices effective January 31, 2012 and we merged the personnel and equipment located in those facilities into the unused space in our office and manufacturing facilities.

 

We believe that each of our facilities is in good operating condition and adequately serves our needs currently. However we intend to merge our offices and manufacturing facilities within 18 months. This will be done for efficiency reasons. We anticipate that, if required, suitable additional or alternative space would be available on commercially reasonable terms to accommodate expansion of our operations.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

As at December 31, 2011, we are not a party to, and our property is not the subject of, any legal proceedings, and we are not aware of any such proceedings contemplated by or against us or our property.

 

     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
         

Not applicable.

 

PART II

 

     
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market for our Common Stock and Warrants

 

Our common stock and warrants are currently traded on the TSX Venture Exchange, or the “TSX-V”, under the symbols “VZX” and “VZX.WT”, respectively. Trading of our common stock and warrants on the TSX-V began on January 4, 2010. Prior to January 4, 2010, there was no public market for our common stock or warrants.

 

Vuzix Stock Prices (in Cdn$)   Low     High
           
Fiscal Quarters          
           
First 2011   $0.05     $0.12
Second 2011   0.06     0.11
Third 2011   0.04     0.10
Fourth 2011   0.04     0.09

 

 

  

Vuzix Stock Prices (in Cdn$)   Low     High  
             
Fiscal Quarters            
             
First 2010   $0.20     $0.21  
Second 2010   0.15     0.15  
Third 2010   0.10     0.13  
Fourth 2010   0.10     0.13  

 

 

23
 

 

Our common stock is listed in the United States on the OTC Bulletin Board (OTC:BB) under the symbol “VUZI” and in March 2011 on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbol “V7X”.

  

 

The following table sets forth, for the fiscal quarters indicated, the high and low closing sales prices for Vuzix’ common stock as reported on the OTCBB. The quotations on the OTCBB reflect inter-dealer prices, without mark-up, mark-down or commission, and may not represent actual transactions.

 

Vuzix Stock Prices (in US$)   Low     High  
             
Fiscal Quarters            
             
First 2011   $0.06     $0.13  
Second 2011   0.06     0.12  
Third 2011   0.05     0.10  
Fourth 2011   0.04     0.09  

 

Vuzix Stock Prices (in US$)   Low     High  
             
Fiscal Quarters            
             
First 2010   N/A     N/A  
Second 2010   N/A     N/A  
Third 2010   $0.10     0.10  
Fourth 2010   0.10     0.10  

 

 

Holders of Record

 

On April 16, 2011, there were 156 holders of record of our common stock. Because many of the shares of our common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we are unable to determine the exact number of beneficial stockholders represented by these record holders, but we believe that there were approximately 811 beneficial owners of our common stock as of May 31, 2011.

 

Dividends

 

We currently do not pay regular dividends on our outstanding stock. The declaration of any future dividends and, if declared, the amount of any such dividends, will be subject to our actual future earnings, capital requirements, regulatory restrictions, debt covenants, other contractual restrictions and to the discretion of our board of directors. Our board of directors may take into account such matters as general business conditions, our financial condition and results of operations, our capital requirements, our prospects and such other factors as our board of directors may deem relevant.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

We did not purchase equity securities that are registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act during the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

     The following table provides information about our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2011.

 

   Number of Securities to   Weighted Average     
   be Issued Upon Exercise   Exercise Price of   Number of Securities 
   of Outstanding Options,   Outstanding Options,   Remaining Available for 
Plan Category  Warrants and Rights   Warrants and Rights   Future Issuance (1) 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders   20,089,216   $0.1301    29,112,310 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders            
                
Total   20,089,216    0.1301    29,112,310 

 

(1)The amount appearing under “Number of securities remaining available for future issuance under equity compensation plans” includes only shares available under our 2009 Stock Option Plan.

 

24
 

       

Item 6.   Selected Financial Data

                                     

SELECTED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

 

 The following tables present our summary financial data and should be read together with our financial statements and accompanying notes and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” appearing elsewhere in this annual report. The summary financial data for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 are derived from our audited annual financial statements, which are included elsewhere in this annual report.

 

 Year Ended December 31,
Statement of Operations Data  2011   2010   2009 
Sales  $13,054,296   $12,255,414   $11,886,098 
Cost of Sales   8,314,367    8,452,769    7,609,091 
Gross Margin   4,739,929    3,820,645    4,277,007 
Operating Expenses               
Research and development   2,122,359    2,038,613    2,217,627 
Selling and marketing   2,091,412    2,286,475    2,143,628 
General and administrative   2,590,636    2,860,585    2,354,573 
Depreciation and amortization   468,823    444,358    522,457 
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks   28,576    49,956     
Total operating expenses   7,308,595    7,679,987    7,238,285 
                
Profit (Loss) from operations   (2,568,666)   (3,877,342)   (2,961,278)
Interest and other income (expense)   1,182    228    63 
Foreign exchange (loss) gain   (35,770)   (22,919)   (22,226)
Interest expense   (996,044)   (433,116)   (297,200)
Warrants issued for debt and loan restructuring   (252,594)   (209,045)    
Tax (expense) benefit   (27,689)   (14,939)   30,217 
                
Total tax and other income (expense)   (1,310,915)   (679,791)   (289,146)
                
Net (Loss)  $(3,879,581)  $(4,557,133)  $(3,250,424)
                
Income (loss) per share:               
Basic and fully diluted*  $(0.0147)  $(0.0173)  $(0.0151)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:               
Basic and fully diluted*   263,874,979    263,600,274    221,469,554 

 

 

*All outstanding warrants, options, and convertible debt are anti-dilutive, therefore basic and diluted earnings per share are the same for all periods.

 

 

   Year Ended December 31,   
Cash Flow Data  2011   2010   2009 
Cash flows (used in) operating activities  $(1,503,661)  $(3,077,714)  $(2,261,123)
Cash flows (used in) investing activities   (897,403)   (236,039)   (472,456)
Cash flows provided by financing activities   182,221    3,450,049    4,415,383 

 

 

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   As of December 31, 
Balance Sheet Data  2011   2010 
Cash and cash equivalents  $417,976   $2,636,819 
Working Capital (deficiency)   (6,052,281)   1,180,687 
Total Assets   5,818,697    9,192,182 
Long-Term Liabilities   2,454,757    5,881,161 
Accumulated (deficit)   (26,469,144)   (22,589,563)
Total Stockholders’ equity (deficit)   (6,824,748)   (3,411,497)

     

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the “Selected Financial and Other Data” and our financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report. In addition to historical information, the following discussion and analysis includes forward looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward looking statements as a result of a variety of factors, including those discussed in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this annual report. See the discussion under “Forward Looking Statements” beginning on page 3 of this annual report.

 

Overview

 

We are engaged in the design, manufacture, marketing and sale of devices that are worn like eyeglasses and feature built-in video screens that enable the user to view video and digital content, such as movies, computer data, the Internet or video games. Our products (known commercially as Video Eyewear, but also commonly referred to as virtual displays, wearable displays, personal viewers, head mounted displays, or near-to-eye displays) are used to view high-resolution video and digital information primarily from mobile electronic devices (such as cell phones, portable media players, gaming systems and laptop computers) and from desktop computers. Our products provide the user a viewing experience that simulates viewing a large screen television or a desktop computer monitor.

 

Our Video Eyewear products feature high performance miniature display modules, low power electronics and related optical systems. We produce both monocular and binocular Video Eyewear devices that we believe are excellent solutions for many mobile computer or video viewing requirements. We focus on two markets: the consumer markets for gaming and mobile video and rugged mobile displays for defense applications. Our Virtual and Augmented Reality products are also sold in the consumer, defense, industrial, commercial, academic and medical markets. We believe our intellectual property portfolio gives us a leadership position in microdisplay electronics, ergonomics, packaging, motion tracking and optical systems.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Developments and Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this annual report. The preparation of these statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the appropriate application of certain accounting policies, many of which require us to make estimates and assumptions about future events and their impact on amounts reported in our financial statements, including the statement of operations, balance sheet, cash flow and related notes. Since future events and their impact cannot be determined with certainty, the actual results will inevitably differ from our estimates. Such differences could be material to the financial statements.

 

We believe that our application of accounting policies, and the estimates inherently required therein, are reasonable. These accounting policies and estimates are periodically reevaluated, and adjustments are made when facts and circumstances dictate a change. Historically, we have found our application of accounting policies to be appropriate, and actual results have not differed materially from those determined using necessary estimates.

 

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Our accounting policies are more fully described in the notes to our financial statements included in this annual report. In reading our financial statements, you should be aware of the factors and trends that our management believes are important in understanding our financial performance. The critical accounting policies, judgments and estimates that we believe have the most significant effect on our financial statements are:

    

valuation of inventories;
carrying value of long-lived assets;
valuation of patents and trademarks;
revenue recognition;
product warranty;
research and development;
stock-based compensation; and
income taxes.

 

Valuation of Inventories

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or market, with cost determined on a first-in, first-out method. Inventory includes purchased parts and components, work in process and finished goods. Provisions for excess, obsolete or slow moving inventory are recorded after periodic evaluation of historical sales, current economic trends, forecasted sales, estimated product lifecycles and estimated inventory levels. Purchasing practices, electronic component obsolescence, accuracy of sales and production forecasts, introduction of new products, product lifecycles, product support and foreign regulations governing hazardous materials are the factors that contribute to inventory valuation risks. Exposure to inventory valuation risks is managed by maintaining safety stocks, minimum purchase lots, managing product and end-of-life issues brought on by aging components or new product introductions, and by utilizing certain inventory minimization strategies such as vendor-managed inventories. The accounting estimate related to valuation of inventories is considered a “critical accounting estimate” because it is susceptible to changes from period-to-period due to the requirement for management to make estimates relative to each of the underlying factors, ranging from purchasing, to sales, to production, to after-sale support. If actual demand, market conditions or product lifecycles differ from estimates, inventory adjustments to lower market values would result in a reduction to the carrying value of inventory, an increase in inventory write-offs and a decrease to gross margins.

 

Carrying Value of Long-Lived Assets

 

If facts and circumstances indicate that a long-lived asset, including a products’ mold tooling and equipment, may be impaired, the carrying value is reviewed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360-10. If this review indicates that the carrying value of the asset will not be recovered as determined based on projected undiscounted cash flows related to the asset over its remaining life, the carrying value of the asset is reduced to its estimated fair value. Impairment losses in the future will be dependent on a number of factors such as general economic trends and major technology advances, and thus could be significantly different than historical results. No impairment charges on tooling and equipment were recorded in 2011, 2010 or 2009.

 

We perform a valuation of our patents and trademark assets when events or circumstances indicate their carrying amounts may be unrecoverable. We recorded an impairment charge of $28,576 representing cost of $39,352, less accumulated amortization of $10,776 in 2011, and an impairment charge of $49,956 representing cost of $89,151, less accumulated amortization of $39,195 in 2010 and $nil in 2009 regarding our abandoned patents and trademarks. The value of the remaining intellectual property, such as patents and trademarks, were valued (net of accumulated amortization) at $720,599 as of December 31, 2011, because management believes that its value is recoverable.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Revenue from product sales is recognized in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition.   Product sales represent the majority of our revenue. We recognize revenue from these product sales when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been provided, the sale price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Additionally, we sell our products on terms which transfer title and risk of loss at a specified location, typically shipping point. Accordingly, revenue recognition from product sales occurs when all factors are met, including transfer of title and risk of loss, which typically occurs upon shipment by us. If these conditions are not met, we will defer the revenue recognition until such time as these conditions have been satisfied. We collect and remit sales taxes in certain jurisdictions and report revenue net of any associated sales taxes. We also sell certain products through distributors who are granted limited rights of return for stock balancing against purchases made within a prior 90 day period, including price adjustments downwards on any existing inventory. The provision for product returns and price adjustments is assessed for adequacy both at the time of sale and at each quarter end and is based on recent historical experience and known customer claims.

 

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Revenue from any engineering consulting and other services is recognized at the time the services are rendered. For our longer-term development contracts, which to date have all been firm, fixed-priced contracts, we recognize revenue on the percentage-of-completion method. Under this method income is recognized as work on contracts progresses, but estimated losses on contracts in progress are charged to operations immediately. To date, all of our longer-term development contracts have been less than one calendar year in duration. We generally submit invoices for our work under these contracts on a monthly basis. The percentage-of-completion is determined using the cost-to-cost method.

 

The accounting estimate related to revenue recognition is considered a “critical accounting estimate” because terms of sale can vary, and judgment is exercised in determining whether to defer revenue recognition. Such judgments may materially affect net sales for any period. Judgment is exercised within the parameters of GAAP in determining when contractual obligations are met, title and risk of loss are transferred, sales price is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonable assured.

 

Product Warranty

 

Warranty obligations are generally incurred in connection with the sale of our products. The warranty period for these products is generally one year, but can be 24 months in certain countries if required by law, such as in Europe. Warranty costs are accrued, to the extent that they are not recoverable from third party manufacturers, for the estimated cost to repair or replace products for the balance of the warranty periods. We provide for the costs of expected future warranty claims at the time of product shipment or over-builds to cover replacements. The adequacy of the provision is assessed at each quarter end and is based on historical experience of warranty claims and costs. The costs incurred to provide for these warranty obligations are estimated and recorded as an accrued liability at the time of sale. Future warranty costs are estimated based on historical performance rates and related costs to repair given products. The accounting estimate related to product warranty is considered a “critical accounting estimate” because judgment is exercised in determining future estimated warranty costs. Should actual performance rates or repair costs differ from estimates, revision to the estimated warranty liability would be required.

 

Research and Development

 

Research and development costs, are expensed as incurred consistent with the guidance of FASB ASC Topic 730, “Research and Development,” and include employee related costs, office expenses, third party design and engineering services, and new product prototyping costs.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

Our board of directors approves grants of stock options to employees to purchase our common stock. A stock compensation expense is recorded based upon the estimated fair value of the stock option at the date of grant. The accounting estimate related to stock-based compensation is considered a “critical accounting estimate” because estimates are made in calculating compensation expense including expected option lives, forfeiture rates and expected volatility. The fair market value of our common stock on the date of each option grant is determined based on the most recent quoted sales price on the TSX-V Exchange.

 

Income Taxes

 

We have historically incurred domestic operating losses from both a financial reporting and tax return standpoint. Accordingly, we provide deferred income tax assets and liabilities based on the estimated future tax effects of differences between the financial and tax bases of assets and liabilities based on currently enacted tax laws. A valuation allowance is established for deferred tax assets in amounts for which realization is not considered more likely than not to occur. The accounting estimate related to income taxes is considered a “critical accounting estimate” because judgment is exercised in estimating future taxable income, including prudent and feasible tax planning strategies, and in assessing the need for any valuation allowance. To date we have determined a 100% valuation allowance is required and accordingly no amounts have been reflected in our consolidated financial statements. In the event that it should be determined that all or part of a deferred tax asset in the future is in excess of the nil amount currently recorded, an adjustment of the valuation allowance would increase income to be recognized in the period such determination was made.

 

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In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations. As a result we recognize liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on the two-step process prescribed within the interpretation. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step requires us to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as this requires us to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We re-evaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, effectively settled issues under audit and new audit activity. Such a change in recognition or measurement would result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision in the period.

 

Finally, any future recorded value of our deferred tax assets will be dependent upon our ability to generate future taxable income in the jurisdictions in which we operate. These assets consist of research credit carry-forwards, capital and net operating loss carry-forwards and the future tax effect of temporary differences between balances recorded for financial statement purposes and for tax return purposes. It will require future pre-tax earnings in excess of $21,700,000 in order to fully realize the value of our unrecorded deferred tax assets. If we were to sustain future net losses, it may be necessary to record valuation allowances against such deferred tax assets in order to recognize impairments in their estimated future economic value.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, an effect on our financial condition, financial statements, revenues or expenses.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

FASB Accounting Standards Update 2011-04, "Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS," was issued in May 2011 to be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The update changes the wording for certain measurement and disclosure requirements relating to fair value determinations under U.S. GAAP in order to make them more consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). While many of the modifications are not expected to change the application of U.S. GAAP, additional disclosure requirements relating to the use of Level 3 inputs in determining fair value will apply in the future if applicable to the Company.

  

 

Key Performance Indicators

 

We believe that a key indicator for our business is the trend for the volume of orders received from customers, especially those orders related to night-vision electronic modules. During weak economic periods, customers’ ability to forecast their requirements deteriorates causing delays in the placement of orders. Forward-looking visibility on customer orders is still low as this time. Our major night-vision electronics modules customers (Kopin and DRS Technologies, Inc.) are placing orders for product only when they have orders in hand from their governmental customer. Total shipments of night vision electronics module customers in 2011, 2010 and 2009 were $2,586,069, $2,039,052 and $5,278,673, respectively.

 

Comparison of Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010

 

Sales.   Our sales were $13,054,296 for 2011 compared to $12,255,414 for 2010. This represents a 6.5% increase for the year 2011 over the year 2010. Our sales from defense focused products increased to $7,350,614 or 56% of our total sales in 2010 compared to $4,799,271 or 39% of total sales in 2010, a increase of $2,551,343 or 53%. The increase resulted primarily from higher shipments of night vision electronics in 2011 as compared to 2010. Sales from our defense-related engineering programs increased to $1,687,624 or 13% of total sales compared to $1,211,357 or 10% of total sales in 2010. The increase in 2010 was the result of new programs for delivering custom versions of our new see-through display technology. Consumer Video Eyewear product sales decreased to $4,016,058 or 31% of total sales for 2011 compared to $6,244,786 or 51% of our total sales for 2010. This decrease resulted from the phase out of our lower priced Video Eyewear models, which previously sold a in larger overall unit numbers but resulted in less overall margin as compared to their more expensive replacement models.

 

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Cost of Sales and Gross Margin.   Gross margin increased to $4,739,929 for 2011 from $3,802,645 for 2010, an increase of $937,284 or 25%. As a percentage of net sales, gross margin increased to 36.3% for 2011 compared to 31.0% for 2010. This increase was primarily the result of the higher margin earned on selling our Tac-Eye Video Eyewear and night vision modules and the high margins we are currently earning on sales of our AR Video Eyewear.

 

Research and Development.   Our research and development expenses increased to $2,122,359 compared to $2,038 613 in 2010. The $83,746 or 4.1% increase in the 2011 period versus 2010 was primarily the result of ongoing development work on our new Wrap 1200 Video Eyewear models, an enhanced Tac-Eye product model, and finally waveguide research costs with our new subsidiary in Finland. Research and development expenses we incur under government funded engineering programs are included in costs of goods sold.

 

Selling and Marketing.   Selling and marketing expenses were $2,091,512 for 2011 compared to $2,286,475 for 2010, a decrease of $194,963 or 8.5%. The decrease was primarily due to our decreased participation in paid catalog advertising with our resellers in the USA.

 

General and Administrative.   General and administrative expenses were $2,590,636 for 2011 as compared to $2,860,585 for 2010, an decrease of $226,949 or 9%. The lower general and administrative related to decreases costs for staff involved in the IR function and decreased legal expenses in regards to various financing efforts in 2010.

 

Depreciation and Amortization.   Our depreciation and amortization expense for 2011 was $468,823 as compared to $444,358 in 2010. The increase relates to increased capital expenditures in 2011 as compared to 2010.

 

Other Income (Expense).   Total other expenses, consisting primarily of interest expense, were $(1,283,226) in 2011 as compared to $(664,852) in 2010. The increase in expenses was primarily attributable to our increased borrowings and higher interest rates resulting from default interest surcharges on our senior debt upon our failure to meet loan covenants. Interest expense was $(996,044) in 2011 as compared to $(433,116) in 2010.

 

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes.   The provision for income taxes for 2011 was $27,689 compared to $14,939 for 2010.The composition of each year’s tax provision was primarily for franchise taxes payable to the State of Delaware, our state of incorporation as well as Japanese branch taxes.

 

Net (Loss) and (Loss) per Share.   Our net loss was $(3,879,581) or $(0.0147) per share in 2011, a decreased loss of $677,552, or 15%, from $(4,557,133) or $(0.0173) per share in 2010.

 

  

Comparison of Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009

 

Sales.   Our sales were $12,255,414 for 2010 compared to $11,886,098 for 2009. This represents a 3.1% increase for the year 2010 over the year 2009. Our sales from defense products decreased to $4,799,271 or 39.2% of our total sales in 2010 compared to $6,020,420 or 50.7% of total sales in 2009, a decrease of $1,221,149 or 20.3%. The decrease resulted primarily from lower shipments of night vision electronics in 2010 as compared to 2009. Sales from our defense-related engineering programs increased to $1,211,357 or 9.9% of total sales compared to $924,863 or 7.8% of total sales in 2009. The increase in 2010 was the result of new programs for delivering custom versions of our new see-through display technology. Consumer Video Eyewear product sales increased to $6,244,786 or 51.0% of total sales for 2010 compared to $4,949,815 or 41.6% of our total sales for 2009. This increase resulted from the continued expansion of our reseller network and the introduction of new products.

 

Cost of Sales and Gross Margin.   Gross margin decreased to $3,802,645 for 2010 from $4,277,007 for 2009, an decrease of $474,362 or 11.1%. As a percentage of net sales, gross margin decreased to 31.0% for 2010 compared to 36.0% for 2009. This decrease was the result of higher production costs, increased sales of our low resolution Video Eyewear models with their lower gross margins, and increases in our manufacturing overheads resulting from staff additions in this area.

 

Research and Development.   Our research and development expenses decreased by $179,014 or 8.1%, to $2,038,613 compared to $2,217,627 in 2009. This was due to less reliance on more expensive external contractors and prototyping services and the staff reductions that were implemented in late 2009. Expenses we incur under government funded engineering programs are included in costs of goods sold.

 

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Selling and Marketing.   Selling and marketing expenses were $2,286,475 for 2010 compared to $2,143,628 for 2009, an increase of $142,847 or 6.7%. The increase was primarily due to increased advertising from higher participation in paid catalog advertising with our resellers in the USA and higher trade show costs in Europe.

 

General and Administrative.   General and administrative expenses were $2,860,585 for 2010 as compared to $2,354,573 for 2009, an increase of $506,012 or 21.5%. The higher general and administrative related to increases costs for staff involved in the IR function, increased legal expenses in regards to various financing efforts in 2010, and higher professional fees related to being a public company.

 

Depreciation and Amortization.   Our depreciation and amortization expense for 2010 decreased by $28,143, or -5.4% to $494,314, compared to $522,457 in 2009. The decrease was related to more assets becoming fully depreciated in 2010 combined with a reduction in capital expenditures in both 2010 and 2009.

 

Other Income (Expense).   Total other expenses, consisting primarily of interest expense, was $(664,852) in 2010 compared to $(319,363) in 2009. The increase in expenses was primarily attributable to interest costs and recorded warrant issuance expense. Due our increased borrowings and higher interest rates, interest expense was $(433,116) in 2010 as compared to $(297,200) in 2009. Included in this category was $209,045 as the estimated fair value of warrants issued during the year related to new debt financing activities and warrant compensation given to existing lenders for deferral of their debts for 24 to 36 months.

 

Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes.   The provision for income taxes for 2010 was $14,939 compared to $(30,217) for 2009.The composition of each year’s tax provision was primarily for franchise taxes payable to the State of Delaware, our state of incorporation. In the 2009 period we received a tax refund

 

Net (Loss) and (Loss) per Share.   Our net loss was $(4,557,133) or $(0.0173) per share in 2010, an increased loss of $1,306,709, or 40.2%, from $(3,250,424) or $(0.0151) per share in 2009.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2011, we had cash and cash equivalents of $417,976, a decrease of $2,218,843 from $2,636,819 as of December 31, 2010.

 

At December 30, 2011 the Company had current liabilities of $10,188,687 compared to current liabilities of $6,722,518 at December 31, 2010, comprised principally of the current portion of long term debt, accounts payable, accrued expenses, customer deposits and bank lines of credit. Current liabilities increased $3,443,038 during the period due primarily to the classification of long term debt as short term due to the violation of certain loan covenants with Senior Secured Term Debt Lender. Additionally the Company is in violation of a certain covenant under its bank lines of credit. The Company has negative working capital of $(6,052,281) as of December 30, 2011 as compared to a positive working capital of $1,180,687 as of December 31, 2010.

 

The continuation of the Company as a going concern is dependent upon the Company attaining and maintaining profitable operations and raising additional capital. The Company is currently in default under its loan agreement with its Senior Lenders. The lenders have currently indicated that they will not issue such waivers or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which each would agree to forbear from enforcing its remedies against the Company. As such the lenders are currently able to exercise their remedies under their loan agreements, including acceleration of the amounts due and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by it. Even if the Company receives a waiver or enters into a forbearance agreement, it is uncertain whether the Company will be able to meet the conditions contained in any such waiver or forbearance agreement. Accordingly the entire principal amount of Convertible, Senior Secured Term Debt has been shown as current and due within one year. That default also constitutes a default under the Company’s line of credit with its bank lender, which could also enforce its remedies against the Company, including enforcement of its rights as a secured creditor with respect to certain collateral, inducing the Company’s accounts receivable.

 

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The Company has previously attracted funding in the form of subordinated debt and a line of credit. However, there can be no assurance that it will be able to do so in the future nor can there be any assurance that additional capital will be raised or that it will be sufficient to execute the Company’s business plan. To the extent that additional capital is not raised, or that it is not sufficient, the Company's business plan and its plans for operations will be required to be substantially modified. The Company is currently addressing its liquidity and negative working capital issues as of December 31, 2011 by the following actions:

 

§The Company continues to implement plans to increase revenues.

 

§The Company continues to implement plans to further reduce operating costs as a percentage of revenue by improved process control and greater productivity.

 

§The Company is seeking alternatives measures of financing which may include equity financing or additional subordinated debt.

 

§The Company has begun actively marketing the sale of certain of the assets of the Company, including certain product lines and intellectual properties. The Company anticipates that any proceeds from possible sale transactions will be utilized to reduce its obligations under its Senior Secured Term Debt and, to the extent of any excess proceeds, for working capital.

 

However, there is no guarantee that any of these strategies will enable the Company to meet its financial obligations for the foreseeable future and it inability to do so could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

 

Our cash requirements are primarily for research and development, product tooling, and working capital. Historically, we have met these requirements through capital generated from the sale and issuance of our common equity securities, convertible debt and notes payable to private investors, cash flow provided by operations and our revolving bank lines of credit.

 

Operating Activities.   Cash (used in) operating activities was $(1,503,661) in 2011 and $(3,077,714) in 2010. The net changes in operating assets and liabilities, excluding cash, provided (used) cash were $671,225 in 2011 and $514,087 in fiscal 2010. The major changes in 2011 were a decrease in our inventories of $1,208,942 offsetting a $(362,226) decrease in accounts payable and customer deposits of $(897,441) as of December 31, 2011. The major changes in 2010 were an increase in our inventories of $789,028 offsetting a $191,429 increase in accounts payable and customer deposits of $1,118,291 as of December 31, 2010.

 

Investing Activities.   Cash used in investing activities was $897,403 in 2011 and $236,039 in 2010. Cash used for investing activities in 2011 related primarily to tooling and equipment costs regarding our new waveguide optics and scanning engine, along with product tooling and computer software equipment additions. The costs of registering our intellectual property rights, included in the investing activities totals described above, were $97,006 in 2011 and $85,491 in 2010.

 

Financing Activities.   Cash provided by financing activities was $182,221in 2011 and $3,450,049 in 2010. In 2011 we increased our net borrowings under our credit lines by $556,041 and made repayments of $329,393 on our notes payable and $64,910 on our capital leases. In December 2010 we issued $4,000,000 in senior secured debt and obtained the restructuring of existing debts totaling $2,320,980 principal and accrued interest at the same time for 24 to 36 months.

 

Capital Resources.   As of December 31, 2011, we had a cash balance of $417,976. We had $113,728 available under our bank lines of credit (the outstanding balances under our lines of credit as of December 31, 2011 were $652,081). The bank credit agreement contain various restrictions on indebtedness, liens, guarantees, redemptions, mergers, acquisitions or sale of assets, loans, transactions with any affiliates, and investments. It also prohibits us from declaring and paying cash dividends without the bank’s prior consent. The credit facility is an accounts receivable formula based line of credit, which matures on March 22, 2013. Under the agreement, the Company may borrow up to 80% of the Company’s eligible accounts receivable generated by sales to customers based in the United States and, in addition, approved international accounts on a case-by-case basis. The maximum borrowings under the bank credit facility is $2,000,000. The lender has been granted a first position security interest in all of Company’s current and future assets, with the exception of Intellectual Property, in which it has a second position security interest. All secured debt other than that secured by Intellectual Property is subordinated to the bank credit facility. The loan agreement relating to this facility requires the Company to meet certain quarterly and annual EDITDA covenants. The Company was not in compliance with its last two quarterly and annual EBITDA covenants for 2011.

 

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The Company has requested that the Bank waive the Company’s noncompliance with the EBITDA covenants, but the Bank has indicated that it will not issue such a waiver or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which it would agree to forbear from enforcing its remedies against the Company. As such the Bank is currently able to exercise its remedies under its loan agreement, including acceleration of the amounts due it and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by it. Even if the Company were to receive a waiver or enter into a forbearance agreement, it is uncertain whether the Company will be able to meet the conditions contained in any such waiver or forbearance agreement.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-K. We have been unable to generate cash flows sufficient to support our operations and have been dependent on term debt, revolving credit financing and equity financings. There can be no assurance that we will be able to raise cash from those sources in the future. Our independent auditors issued a going concern explanatory paragraph in their reports for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010. With our current level of funding and ongoing losses from operations, doubt exists about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

We intend to take actions necessary for the Company to continue as a going concern, as discussed herein, and accordingly our consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern. Management’s plans concerning these matters are also discussed under “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below and in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Our cash requirements depend on numerous factors, including new product development activities, our ability to commercialize our products, their timely market acceptance, selling prices and gross margins, and other factors. To the extent we have sufficient operating funds, we expect to carefully devote capital resources to continue our development programs, hire and train additional staff, and undertake new product marketing activities. Further future net operating losses, product tooling expenses, and related working capital investments will be the principal use of our cash.

 

During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, we have been unable to generate cash flows sufficient to support our operations and have been dependent on term debt financings, equity financings, including our IPO in December 2009, and debt raised from qualified investors in December 2010.  We remain dependent on outside sources of funding until our results of operations provide positive cash flows.  Our independent auditors issued a going concern explanatory paragraph in their report dated April 16, 2012. With our current level of funding and ongoing losses from operations, as well as the fact we are currently in breach of certain covenants with our senior lenders and their lack of agreement to enter into a forbearance agreement with us, doubt exists about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Based on our current operating plan, our existing working capital may not be sufficient to fund our planned operating expenses, capital expenditures, and working capital requirements through December 31, 2012 without proceeds from the sale of assets, additional sources of cash and/or the deferral, reduction or elimination of significant planned expenditures on new products, tooling, R&D, and marketing. A shortfall from projected sales levels could have a material adverse effect on our ability to continue operations at current levels. If this were to occur, we would be forced to liquidate certain assets where possible, and/or to suspend or curtail certain of our operations. Any of these actions could harm our business, results of operations and future prospects. To guard against this risk, we will actively pursue the orderly sale of certain assets and may seek additional debt, equity or equity-based financing. We can give no assurance that we will be able to sell any assets or obtain additional financing on favorable terms or at all. If we raise additional funds by selling additional shares of our capital stock, or securities convertible into shares of our capital stock, the ownership interest of our existing shareholders may be diluted. The amount of dilution could be increased by the issuance of warrants or securities with other dilutive characteristics, such as anti-dilution clauses or price resets. If we need additional funding for operations and we are unable to raise it, we may be forced to liquidate assets on a distress basis and/or curtail or cease operations or to obtain funds through entering into additional collaborative agreements or other arrangements that may be on unfavorable terms.

 

33
 

 

We also rely on credit lines from our key suppliers and customer deposits in managing our liquidity. As a result, if our trade creditors were to impose unfavorable terms on us or customers decline to make advance deposits for their orders, it would negatively impact our ability to obtain products and services on acceptable terms and operate our business.

 

These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. This basis of accounting contemplates the recovery of the Company’s assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. In addition, these financial statements do not include any adjustments to the specific amounts and classifications of assets and liabilities, which might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The closing in late December 2010 of the Convertible, Senior Secured Term loan of $4,000,000 and the restructuring of $2,320,980 in deferred trade accounts payable and other notes decreased the Company’s material working capital deficiency. On March 22, 2011 the Company entered into an agreement with a bank for up to $2 million in credit facilities to support on-going working capital needs, which matures on March 22, 2013. The credit facility is an accounts receivable formula based line of credit, and our ability to use the credit facility is dependent upon our ability to generate qualifying accounts receivable. There can be no assurance that we will be able to do so. Under the agreement, the Company may borrow up to 80% of eligible North American accounts receivable and, in addition, approved international accounts on a case-by-case basis. These financings did temporarily improve our working capital position. However due to our continued operating losses we again have negative working capital. The Company was not in compliance with EBITDA covenants for the third quarter of 2011 or for the 2011 period in its agreements with both of its senior lenders. The Company has requested that they waive the Company’s noncompliance with the EBITDA covenants but they have not done so. Further the senior lenders have indicated that they will not issue such waivers or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which they would agree to forbear from enforcing their remedies against the Company. As such the lenders are currently able to exercise their remedies under their loan agreements, including acceleration of the amounts due them and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by them.

 

If we meet our 2012 sales forecasts, we plan to follow our business strategy of introducing new and improved products.

 

Additionally we plan to manage our liquidity under an operational plan that contemplates, among other things:

 

managing our working capital through better optimization of inventory levels;
focusing on selling higher gross margin products, which will mean a greater emphasis on defense versus consumer products; the phasing out of the low resolution Video Eyewear models for which we earn a lower gross margin; and the introduction of see-through and new high resolution Video Eyewear;
restructuring and reengineering our organization and processes to increase efficiency and reduce our operating costs wherever possible;
reducing public relations expenses;
minimizing our capital expenditures by eliminating, delaying or curtailing discretionary and non-essential spending;
reducing and deferring some research and development and delaying some planned product and new technology introductions; and
exploring our options with respect to new debt borrowings and equity financings

 

34
 

 

We cannot make assurances as to whether any of these actions can be effected on a timely basis, on satisfactory terms or maintained once initiated, and even if successful, whether our liquidity plan will limit certain of our operational and strategic initiatives designed to grow our business over the long term will be limited by the availability of capital.

 

We cannot make assurances that we will be able to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to service our indebtedness or otherwise fund our operations.

 

We cannot make assurances that we will be able to generate sufficient cash from any asset sales to repay our senior lenders and or eliminated covenant defaults or whether our retained business will be sufficient to maintain operations. These factors raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

The information required by this item is incorporated herein by reference to pages F-1 through F-27 of this annual report and is indexed under Item 15(a)(1) and (2).

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

 

The information contained in this section covers management’s evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures and our assessment of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011.

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this annual report as required by Rule 13a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). Disclosure controls and procedures are those controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported, within the time periods specified by the rules and forms promulgated by the SEC. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. As a result of this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of December 31, 2011 because of the material weaknesses set forth below.

 

(b) Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm due to exemption provisions established by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission for small public companies with a market cap, that excludes beneficial owners, of under $75,000,000.

 

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate “internal control over financial reporting,” as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our system of internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of consolidated financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with GAAP.

 

35
 

 

Our internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (a) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (b) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with US GAAP, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (c) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized use, acquisition, or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting, no matter how well conceived or operated, can only provide reasonable assurance, not absolute assurance, that the objectives of the control system are met. Such controls may not prevent or detect every misstatement. An evaluation of effectiveness is subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may decrease over time.

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011. In making this assessment, we utilized the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control — Integrated Framework.

 

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. As a result of this evaluation, we concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2011 because of the material weaknesses set forth below.

 

The following is a summary of our material weaknesses as of December 31, 2011:

 

Financial Reporting and Close Process

 

Our current financial close process does not ensure accurate financial reporting on a timely basis. We also did not maintain effective controls over the period-end financial close and reporting processes in relation to the consolidation of our subsidiary’s financial information. The specific deficiencies contributing to this material weakness related (a) to inadequate policies and procedures, (b) ineffective procedures and controls over journal entries, accruals and reserves, (c) inadequate controls and procedures related to the timely preparation and review of account reconciliations, (d) inadequate segregation of duties, (e) inadequate controls over cut-off procedures, (f) deficiencies in end-user computing controls of critical spreadsheets, and (g) an insufficient complement of personnel with appropriate levels of knowledge and experience. Due to the actual and potential errors on financial statement balances and disclosures, management has concluded that these deficiencies in internal controls over the period-end financial close and reporting processes constituted a material weakness in internal control over financial reporting. We intend to establish and document financial close processes and procedures including responsibilities and due dates. We also intend to commence utilizing a closing checklist to ensure all procedures are performed and appropriate reviews are completed on a timely basis each quarter and year-end period. Additionally, we intend to implement controls over critical spreadsheets, including change control, input control, access and data security and appropriate review procedures. Further, we intend to seek additional resources with strong accounting and reporting experience when financial resources are available.

 

Segregation of Duties

 

There is limited segregation of duties which could result in a material misstatement in our financial statements. Given our staff levels, certain duties within the accounting and finance department cannot be properly segregated. However, we believe that none of these segregation of duty deficiencies resulted in material misstatement to the financial statements as we rely on certain compensating controls, including periodic substantive review of the financial statements by the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer.

 

36
 

 

Monitoring of Subsidiaries

 

We have not designed adequate monitoring controls related to our European subsidiary or Japanese branch sales office, such that we can be assured that a material misstatement of financial results would be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

Inventory

 

We have identified weaknesses in our inventory controls as follows:

 

·Documented processes and controls are insufficient and are not working effectively for several key inventory processes including inventory adjustments and reserves for excess, defective and obsolete inventory.
·Inventory valuation processes and controls are not sufficiently documented and are not working effectively including costs to be expensed versus inventoried and maintenance of adequate supporting documentation for current unit costs and bill of materials.

 

Internal Controls Procedures and Risk Assessment Program

 

We have concluded that formal written internal control policies and procedures do not currently exist for all areas within our operations. A well-established and documented internal control structure is pertinent to our ability to maintain accurate books and records, prevent and detect fraud, maintain segregation of duties, report timely financial results and to properly comply with management’s requirements to report on the effectiveness of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. In determining key controls and appropriate internal controls for us management needs to further develop its risk assessment process, including a fraud risk assessment and monitoring program, that is appropriate for our size and complexity, to assess the risks of material misstatement in the significant accounts and disclosures and related assertions and to ensure implementation of controls to prevent or detect errors or fraud that could result in material misstatements.

 

  

(c) Change in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

 No change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 9B. Other Information

 

None.

 

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

 

The information required by this item will be presented in our definitive proxy statement not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this annual report and is incorporated in this annual report by reference thereto.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation

 

The information required by this item will be presented in our definitive proxy statement not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this annual report and is incorporated in this annual report by reference thereto, except, however, the section entitled “Compensation Committee Report” shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

37
 

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

 

The information required by this item will be presented in our definitive proxy statement not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this annual report and is incorporated in this annual report by reference thereto.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

 

The information required by this item will be presented in our definitive proxy statement not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this annual report and is incorporated in this annual report by reference thereto.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

 

The information required by this item will be presented in our definitive proxy statement not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this annual report and is incorporated in this annual report by reference thereto.

 

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

 

(a) The following documents are filed as part of this report

 

(1) Financial Statements

 

  Page
Report of EFP Rotenberg, LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-1
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and 2011 F-2
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity For The Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2010       and 2011 F-3
Consolidated Statements of Operations For the Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2010 and 2011 F-4
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows For the Years Ended December 31, 2009, 2010 and 2011 F-6
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements F-7

 

(2) Financial Statement Schedules

 

Financial statement schedules have been omitted since they are not required, not applicable or the information is otherwise included.

 

(3) Exhibits

 

A list of exhibits filed with this annual report, identifying which of those exhibits are management contracts and compensation plans, is set forth in the Exhibit Index and is incorporated in this Item 15(a)(3) by reference.

 

 

38
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

     Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on the 16 day of April, 2012.

 

  VUZIX CORPORATION    
  /s/ Paul J. Travers    
  Paul J. Travers   
  Chief Executive Officer   

 

 

POWER OF ATTORNEY

 

  KNOW BY ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints jointly and severally, Paul J. Travers and Grant Russell, and each one of them, his or her attorneys-in-fact, each with the power of substitution, for him or her in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Annual Report on Form 10-K and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that each said attorneys-in-fact, or his substitute or substitutes, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

  Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated:

 

Signature

 

Title

 

Date

   
         

/s/  Paul J. Travers

 

Paul J. Travers

  President, Chief Executive Officer
and Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
  April 16, 2012
         

/s/  Grant Russell

 

Grant Russell

  Chief Financial Officer and Director
(Principal Financial and
Accounting Officer)
  April 16, 2012
         

/s/  William Lee

 

William Lee

 

  Director   April 16 , 2012

/s/  Frank Zammataro

 

Frank Zammataro

  Director   April  16, 2012
           

 

/s/  Joe Cecin

 

Joe Cecin

  Director (Chairman)   April 16 , 2012

 

39
 

 

Exhibit Index

 

1 .1(4)   Form of Agency Agreement
3 .1(3)   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation to be effective immediately following the closing of the offering
3 .2(3)   Amended and Restated Bylaws to be effective immediately following the closing of the offering
4 .1(4)   Specimen certificate evidencing shares of common stock
4 .2(4)   Specimen common stock purchase warrant
4 .3(6)   Form of Warrant Indenture between the registrant and Computershare Trust Company of Canada Certain instruments defining the rights of the holders of long-term debt of the registrant, none of which authorize a total amount of indebtedness in excess of 10% of the total assets of the registrant and its subsidiary on a consolidated basis, have not been filed as exhibits. The registrant hereby agrees to furnish a copy of any of these agreements to the Commission upon request
4 .4(7)   Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated as of May 21, 2010 issued by the registrant to Kopin Corporation
4 .5(8)   Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated as of October 21, 2010 issued by the registrant to Kopin Corporation
10 .1(1)+   2007 Amended and Restated Stock Option Plan
10 .2(1)+   2009 Stock Option Plan
10 .3(2)+   Form of Option Agreement under 2009 Stock Plan
10 .4(1)+   Form of Indemnification Agreement by and between the registrant and each director and executive officer
10 .5(1)+   Employment Agreement dated as of August 1, 2007 by and between the registrant and Paul J. Travers
10 .6(1)+   Employment Agreement dated as of August 1, 2007 by and between the registrant and Grant Russell
10 .7(1)   Shareholders Agreement dated as of October 11, 2000 by and among the registrant and Shareholders (as defined therein)
10 .81(1)   Registration Rights Agreement dated as of October 11, 2000 by and among the registrant and the Investors (as defined therein)
10 .9(1)   Registration Rights Agreement dated as of June 2005 by and among the registrant and the Investors (as defined therein)
10 .10(3)†   Technology Purchase and Royalty Agreement dated as of December 23, 2005 between the registrant and New Light Industries, Ltd.
10 .11(1)   Warrant to purchase common stock dated as of December 23, 2005 issued by the registrant to New Light Industries, Ltd.
10 .12(1)   Rights Agreement dated as of December 23, 2005 by and between the registrant and New Light Industries, Ltd.
10 .13(1)   Agency Agreement dated as of June 29, 2007 by and between the registrant and Canaccord Capital Corporation
10 .14(1)   Form of warrant to purchase common stock issued by the registrant pursuant to the Agency Agreement dated as of June 29, 2007 by and between the registrant and Canaccord Capital Corporation

 

 
 

 

10 .15(1)   Demand Note in the original principal amount of $247,690.92 by the registrant to the order of Paul J. Travers
10 .16(1)   Loan Agreement dated as of October 2008 by and between the registrant and Paul J. Travers
10 .17(3)   Promissory Note dated as of October 2008 by the registrant to the order of Paul J. Travers
10 .18(1)   Fiscal Advisory Fee Agreement dated as of June 29, 2009 by and between the registrant and Canaccord Capital Corporation and Bolder Investment Partners, Ltd.
10 .19(6)†   Distribution and Manufacturing Agreement dated August 27, 2009 between the registrant and YuView Holdings Ltd.
10 .20(3)   Convertible Promissory Note dated September 19, 2006 in the original principal amount of $500,000 by the registrant to Sally Hyde Burdick
10 .21(5)   Form of Escrow Agreement by and among the registrant, Canaccord Capital Corporation the other Offering Agents (as defined therein) and JP Morgan Chase Bank, National Association, as escrow agent
10 .22(5)   Amended and Restated Fiscal Advisory Fee Agreement dated as of November 12, 2009 by and between the registrant and Canaccord Capital Corporation and Bolder Investment Partners Ltd.
10 .23(6)   Amendment No. 1 to Amended and Restated Fiscal Advisory Fee Agreement dated as of November 12, 2009 by and among the registrant and Canaccord Capital Corporation and Bolder Investment Partners Ltd.
10 .24(6)   Form of Escrow Agreement by and among the Registration of Computershare Investor Services, Inc., as escrow agent, and the Securityholders (as defined therein) entered into pursuant to Canadian National Policy 46-201 and TSX Venture Exchange Policy 5.4
10 .25(7)   Revolving Line of Trade Credit Agreement dated as of May 21, 2010 by and between the registrant and Kopin Corporation
10 .26(7)   Security Agreement dated as of May 21, 2010 by and between the Company and Kopin Corporation
10 .27(8)   Amendment to Revolving Line of Trade Credit Agreement dated as of October 8, 2010 by and between the registrant and Kopin Corporation
10 .28(9)   Convertible Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .29(9)   Intellectual Property Security Agreement dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .30(9)   Warrant to Purchase Stock dated December 23, 2010 issued by the registrant to LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .31(9)   Convertible Promissory Note issued by the registrant to LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .32(10)   Letter Agreement dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and Kopin Corporation
10 .33(10)   Letter Agreement dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and Vast Technologies Inc.
10 .34(10)   Letter Agreement dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and Paul J. Travers
10 .35(10)   Letter Agreement dated as of December 23, 2010 by and between the registrant and John Burtis
10 .36(10)   Warrant issued by the registrant to Vast Technologies Inc. entitling Vast to purchase up to 1,662,274 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $.09965 per share

 

 
 

 

10 .37(10)   Warrant issued by the registrant to Kopin Corporation entitling Kopin to purchase up to 1,662,274 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.09965 per share
10 .38(10)   Warrant issued by the registrant to Paul J. Travers entitling Travers to purchase up to 1,034,633 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.09965 per share
10 .39(10)   Warrant issued by the registrant to John Burtis entitling Burtis to purchase up to 543,052 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.09965 per share
10 .40(11)   Loan and Security Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between the registrant and Bridge Bank National Association
10 .41(11)   Intellectual Property Security Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between the registrant and Bridge Bank National Association
10 .42(11)   Intercreditor Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between the registrant and Bridge Bank National Association
10 .43(11)   Subordination Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between Kopin Corporation and Bridge Bank National Association
10 .44(11)   Subordination Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between Vast Corporation and Bridge Bank National Association
10 .45(11)   Subordination Agreement dated as of March 21, 2011 by and between Paul J. Travers and John Burtis, on the one hand, and Bridge Bank National Association on the other hand
10 .46(12)   Supplemental Agreement, dated as of December 8, 2011, by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .47(13)   Supplement Agreement, dated as of January 23, 2012, by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .48(14)   Supplemental Agreement, dated as of February 23, 2012 by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
10 .49(15)   Supplemental Agreement, dated as of March 23, 2012, by and between the registrant and LC Capital Master Fund Ltd.
17 .2(12)   Letter dated December 13, 2011 from Richard F. Conway to registrant resigning as a director of the registrant

 

     
(1)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on July 2, 2009
(2)   Previously filed as an exhibit to Amendment No. 2 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on September 4, 2009
(3)   Previously filed as an exhibit to Amendment No. 3 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed October 16, 2009
(4)   Previously filed as an exhibit to Amendment No. 4 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 10, 2009
(5)   Previously filed as an exhibit to Amendment No. 5 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed November 27, 2009
(6)   Previously filed as an exhibit to Amendment No. 6 to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed December 7, 2009
(7)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 2, 2010
(8)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed October 27, 2010
(9)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 30, 2010
(10)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 30, 2010
(11)  

Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 25, 2011

 

(12) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed December 19, 2011
(13)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed January 27, 2012  
(14)   Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 29, 2012  
(15)    Previously filed as an exhibit to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 27, 2012 
   
   
   
+   Management contract or compensation plan or arrangement  
  Confidential treatment granted as to certain portions  
         

 

 

 
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

         
    Page
   
Report of EFP Rotenberg, LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm     F-2  
Consolidated Balance Sheets — For the Years Ended December 31, 2011 and 2010     F-3  
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ (Deficit) Equity — For The Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009     F-4  
Consolidated Statements of Operations — For the Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009     F-5  
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows — For the Years Ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009     F-6  
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements     F-7  

 

F-1
 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

 

To the Board of Directors and

Stockholders of Vuzix Corporation

 

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Vuzix Corporation and its subsidiary as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statement of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December, 31, 2011. Vuzix Corporation’s management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Vuzix Corporation and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of its operations, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and its cash flows for each of the years in the three period ended December 31, 2011 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has incurred substantial losses from operations in recent years. In addition, the Company is dependent on its various debt and compensation agreements, described in Notes 2, 10 and 11 to fund its working capital needs. And while there are no financial covenants with which the Company must comply with, these debts are past due in some cases. These conditions raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regards to these matters are also described in Note 2. The financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 

/s/ EFP Rotenberg, LLP

 

Rochester, New York

April 16, 2012

 

F-2
 


VUZIX CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2011   2010 
         
Current Assets          
Cash and Cash Equivalents  $417,976   $2,636,819 
Accounts Receivable, Net (Note 3)   1,104,084    1,358,905 
Inventories, Net (Note 4)   2,539,721    3,748,664 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets   74,625    158,817 
           
Total Current Assets   4,136,406    7,903,205 
Tooling and Equipment, Net (Note 5)   961,692    562,085 
Patents and Trademarks, Net (Note 6)   720,599    726,892 
           
Total Assets  $5,818,697   $9,192,182 
           
Current Liabilities          
Accounts Payable  $3,766,617   $4,128,842 
Lines of Credit (Note 7)   652,081    96,040 
Current Portion of Long-term Debt, net of discount   4,924,838    810,623 
Current Portion of Capital Leases   84,684    99,523 
Customer Deposits (Note 8)   392,151    1,289,592 
Accrued Interest   62,176     
Accrued Expenses (Note 9)   305,840    288,798 
Income Taxes Payable   300    9,100 
           
Total Current Liabilities   10,188,687    6,722,518 
           
Long-Term Liabilities          
Accrued Compensation (Note 10)   810,096    645,096 
Long Term Portion of Term Debt, net of discount (Note 11)   1,072,051    4,713,547 
Long Term Portion of Capital Leases (Note 12)   52,000    102,071 
Accrued Interest   520,610    420,448 
           
Total Long-Term Liabilities   2,454,757    5,881,161 
           
Total Liabilities   12,643,444    12,603,680 
           
Stockholders’ Equity          
Series C Preferred Stock — $.001 Par Value, 500,000 Shares Authorized; (Refer to Note 14 for Series A, Series B and Unauthorized Preferred Stock) 0, Shares Issued and Outstanding at December 31(Note 14)        
Common Stock — $.001 Par Value, 700,000,000 Shares Authorized; 265,259,348, Shares Issued  and Outstanding at December 31, 2011 and 263,600,274 Respectively   265,259    263,600 
Additional Paid-in Capital   19,455,241    19,141,802 
Accumulated (Deficit)   (26,469,144)   (22,589,563)
Subscriptions Receivable (Note 17)   (76,104)   (227,336)
           
Total Stockholders’ Equity   (6,824,748)   (3,411,497)
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $5,818,697   $9,192,182 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ (DEFICIT) EQUITY

 

 

   Common Stock   Additional   Accumulated   Preferred Stock   Subscriptions     
   Shares   Amount   Paid-In Capital   Deficit   Shares   Amount   Receivable   Total 
                                 
                                 
Balance — December 31, 2008   218,268,927   $218,269   $12,700,413   $(14,687,276)   168,500   $169   $(321,517)  $(2,089,942)
                                         
Exercise of Options                                
Issuance of Common Stock from Private Placement of Cash   2,000,000    2,000    298,000                    300,000 
Issuance of Common Stock in IPO   33,790,060    33,790    5,776,867                        5,810,657 
Conversion of Preferred Stock and Accrued Dividends   7,213,797    7,214    411,815        (168,500)   (169)       418,860 
Conversion of Convertible Debt   2,327,490    2,327    130,546                    132,873 
Repurchase of Fractional Shares           (2)                    (2)
Dividends               (94,730)               (94,730)
Warrants Issued for Services                                
Stock Compensation Expense           274,152                    274,152 
Direct IPO Associated Expense           (1,912,715)                    (1,912,715)
Forgiveness of Subscriptions Receivable           (13,135)               94,181    81,046 
2009 Net Loss               (3,250,424)               (3,250,424)
                                         
Balance — December 31, 2009   263,600,274   $263,600   $17,665,941   $(18,032,430)      $   $(227,336)  $(330,225)
 
Warrants Issued for Services
           18,000                    18,000 
Stock Compensation Expense           243,973                    243,973 
Warrants Issued for Debt Deferrals             119,443                        119,443 
Warrants Issued for Supplier Line of Trade Credit             58,807                        58,807 
Warrants Issued for Senior Term Debt             1,035,638                        1,035,638 
2010 Net Loss               (4,557,133)               (4,557,133)
                                         
Balance — December 31, 2010   263,600,274   $263,600   $19,141,802   $(22,589,563)      $   $(227,336)  $(3,411,497)
 
Warrants Issued for Services
                                 
Issuance of Common Stock from Exercise of Stock Options   1,298,002    1,298    15,752                        17,050 
Issuance of Common Stock from Exercise of Warrants   361,072    361    3,250                        3,611 
Stock Compensation Expense           298,664                    298,664 
Forgiveness of Subscriptions Receivable
             (4,227)                  151,232    147,005 
2011 Net Loss               (3,879,581)               (3,879,581)
                                         
Balance — December 31, 2011   265,259,348   $265,259   $19,455,241   $(26,469,144)      $   $(76,104)  $(6,824,748)

 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

   For Years Ended 
   December 31, 
   2011   2010   2009 
             
Sales of Products  $11,366,672   $11,044,057   $10,961,235 
Sales of Engineering Services   1,687,624    1,211,357    924,863 
                
Total Sales   13,054,296    12,255,414    11,886,098 
                
Cost of Sales — Products   7,424,314    7,987,702    7,157,573 
Cost of Sales — Engineering Services   890,053    465,067    451,518 
                
Total Cost of Sales   8,314,367    8,452,769    7,609,091 
                
Gross Profit   4,739,929    3,802,645    4,277,007 
Operating Expenses:               
Research and Development   2,122,359    2,038,613    2,217,627 
Selling and Marketing   2,091,512    2,286,475    2,143,628 
General and Administrative   2,590,636    2,860,585    2,354,573 
Depreciation and Amortization   468,823    444,358    522,457 
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks   35,265    49,956     
                
Total Operating Expenses   7,308,595    7,679,987    7,238,285 
                
Loss from Operations   (2,568,666)   (3,877,342)   (2,961,278)
                
Other Income (Expense)               
Interest and Other (Expense) Income   1,182    228    63 
Foreign Exchange Gain (Loss)   (35,770)   (22,919)   (22,226)
Interest Expense   (996,044)   (433,116)   (297,200)
Amortization of Senior Term Debt Discount   (252,594)   (209,045)    
                
Total Other Income (Expense)   (1,283,226)   (664,852)   (319,363)
                
Loss Before Provision for Income Taxes   (3,851,892)   (4,542,194)   (3,280,641)
Provision (Benefit) for Income Taxes (Note 13)   27,689    14,939    (30,217)
                
Net Loss  $(3,879,581)  $(4,557,133)  $(3,250,424)
                
Basic and Diluted Loss per Share  $(0.0147)  $(0.0173)  $(0.0151)
Weighted-average Shares
Outstanding — Basic and Diluted
   263,874,979    263,600,274    221,469,554 

  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

 

F-5
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 

 

 

   For Years Ended
   December 31,
   2011   2010   2009 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities               
Net Loss  $(3,879,581)  $(4,557,133)  $(3,250,424)
Non-Cash Adjustments               
Depreciation and Amortization   468,823    444,358    522,458 
Impairment of Patents and Trademarks   35,265    49,956     
Stock-Based Compensation Expense   298,664    243,973    274,152 
Non-Cash Compensation   99,828        81,046 
Accrued Interest Added to Term Debt Principal   549,520         
Warrants Issued for Services       18,000     
Amortization of  Senior Term Debt Discount   252,595    5,536     
(Increase) Decrease in Operating Assets               
                
Accounts Receivable   254,821    87,845    (33,139)
                
Inventories   1,208,942    (789,028)   (652,315)
Prepaid Income Taxes           130,130 
Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets   84,193    (117,626)   198 
Increase (Decrease) in Operating Liabilities               
                
Accounts Payable   (362,226)   191,429    (826,907)
                
Long Term Portion of Trade Payables           1,746,000 
Accrued Expenses   17,042    (111,168)   214,006 
Accrued Compensation   200,000    200,000     
                
Customer Deposits   (897,441)   1,118,921    (559,006)
                
Income Taxes Payable   (8,800)   5,508    (32,820)
Accrued Interest   174,694    (71,794)   124,498 
                
Net Cash Flows Used in Operating Activities   (1,503,661)   (3,077,714)   (2,261,123)
                
Cash Flows from Investing Activities               
Purchases of Tooling and Equipment   (800,397)   (150,548)   (337,862)
Investments in Patents and Trademarks   (97,006)   (85,491)   (134,594)
                
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities   (897,403)   (236,039)   (472,456)
                
Cash Flows from Financing Activities               
Net Change in Lines of Credit   556,041    (82,067)   (24,183)
Issuance of Common Stock           6,110,657 
Repayment of Capital Leases   (64,910)   (79,771)   (125,291)
Exercise of Stock Options   16,871         
Exercise of Stock Warrants   3,612         
Repurchase of Fractional Shares           (2)
Direct IPO Associated Costs           (1,912,715)
Repayment of Notes Payable   (329,393)   (563,113)    
Proceeds from Notes Payable       175,000    246,417 
Proceeds from Senior Secured Term Debt       4,000,000    120,500 
                
Net Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities   182,221    3,450,049    4,415,383 
                
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents   (2,218,843)   136,296    1,681,804 
Cash and Cash Equivalents — Beginning of Year   2,636,819    2,500,523    818,719 
                
Cash and Cash Equivalents — End of Year  $417,976   $2,636,819   $2,500,523 
                
Supplemental Disclosures               
Interest Paid   284,186    249,073    172,533 
Interest Accrued Converted into Common Stock           57,874 
Income Tax Credit (Refund)           (164,214)
Income Taxes Paid   39,502    9,431    36,687 
                
Non-Cash Investing Transactions               
Equipment Acquired Under Capital Lease   44,261    86,528    12,924 
Dividends Declared but Not Paid           94,730 
Debt Converted  to Equity           75,000 

 

Non-Cash Financing Transactions               
Conversion of Preferred Shares and Accrued Dividends           418,860 
Conversion of Convertible Debt and Interest           132,874 
Debt Discount recognized on  Senior Secured Term Debt        (1,010,379)    

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

F-6
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

     Operations

 

Vuzix Corporation (the Company) was formed in 1997 under the laws of the State of Delaware and maintains its corporate offices in Rochester, New York. The Company is engaged in the design, manufacture, marketing and sale of devices that are worn like eyeglasses and which feature built-in video screens that enable the user to view video and digital content, such as movies, computer data, the Internet or video games. Our products (known commercially as “Video Eyewear”) are used to view high resolution video and digital information from portable devices, such as cell phones, portable media players, gaming systems and laptop computers and from personal computers. Our products provide the user with a virtual viewing experience that emulates viewing a large screen television or desktop computer monitor practically anywhere, anytime.

  

     Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Vuzix Europe and Vuzix Finland, OY. All significant inter-company transactions have been eliminated.

 

     Segment Data, Geographic Information and Significant Customers

 

The Company is not organized by market and is managed and operated as one business. A single management team that reports to the chief operating decision maker comprehensively manages the entire business. The Company does not operate any material separate lines of business or separate business entities. Accordingly, the Company does not accumulate discrete information, other than product revenue and material costs, with respect to separate product lines and does not have separately reportable segments as defined by FASB ASC Topic 280, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,”

 

Shipments to customers outside of the United States approximated 16%, 20% and 16% of sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. No single international country represented more than 10% of revenues. The Company does not maintain significant amounts of long-lived assets outside of the United States other than tooling held by its third party manufacturers, primarily in China.

 

The Company has at times had a concentration of sales to the U.S. government and they amounted to approximately 21%, 5% and 2% of sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Accounts receivable from the U.S. government accounted for 17% and 9% of accounts receivable at 2011 and 2010, respectively. Another customer, who is also a minority stockholder, represented 22%, 17%, and 42% of sales in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

 

F-7
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

     Foreign Currency Translation

 

The U.S. dollar is the functional currency of the Company’s foreign subsidiary. Monetary assets and liabilities are re-measured at year-end exchange rates. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are re-measured at historical rates. Revenues, expenses, gains and losses are re-measured using the rates on which those elements were recognized during the period.

 

     Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at year end and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

     Concentration of Credit Risk

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and maintains an allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable based upon the expected collectability of all accounts receivable.

 

For cash management purposes, the Company concentrates its cash holdings in one account at the Bridge Bank. The balance in these accounts may exceed the federally insured limit of $250,000 per customer by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in case of bank failure. At December 31, 2011 and 2010, the Company had $-0- and $2,231,354 in excess of the insurance limit at this bank.

 

     Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company’s cash received is applied against its revolving line of credit on a periodic basis based on projected monthly cash flows, reducing interest expense. Cash and cash equivalents can include highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

 

     Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company’s financial instruments primarily consists of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, inventories, prepaid income taxes, prepaid expenses and other assets, accounts payable, lines of credit, current portion of long-term debt and capital leases, customer deposits, accrued expenses, and income taxes payable.

 

As of the consolidated balance sheet date, the estimated fair values of the financial instruments were not materially different from their carrying values as presented due to the short maturities of these instruments and that the interest rates on the borrowing approximate those that would have been available for loans for similar remaining maturity and risk profiles at respective year ends.

 

     Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

The Company establishes an allowance for uncollectible trade accounts receivable based on the age of outstanding invoices and management’s evaluation of collectability of outstanding balances. These provisions are established when the aging of outstanding amounts exceeds allowable terms and are re-evaluated at each quarter end for adequacy. In determining the adequacy of the provision, the Company considers known uncollectible or at risk receivables.

 

F-8
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

  

     Provision for Future Warranty Costs

 

Warranty costs are accrued, to the extent that they are not recoverable from third party manufacturers, for the estimated cost to repair or replace products for the balance of the warranty periods. The Company’s products are covered by standard warranty plans that extend normally 12 months to 24 months from the date of product shipment. The Company provides for the costs of expected future warranty claims at the time of product shipment or over-builds to cover replacements. The adequacy of the provision is assessed at each quarter end and is based on historical experience of warranty claims and costs.

 

     Inventories

 

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost, or market using the first-in, first-out method. The Company does include direct overhead costs in its inventory valuation costing. The Company records provisions for excess, obsolete or slow moving inventory based on changes in customer demand, technology developments or other economic factors. The Company’s products have product life cycles that range on average from two to three years currently. At both the product introduction and product discontinuation stage, there is a higher degree of risk of inventory obsolescence. The provision for obsolete and excess inventory is evaluated for adequacy at each quarter end. The estimate of the provision for obsolete and excess inventory is partially based on expected future product sales, which are difficult to forecast for certain products.

 

     Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue from product sales in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 605 “Revenue Recognition. Product sales represent the majority of the Company’s revenue. The Company recognizes revenue from these product sales when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been provided, the sale price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Additionally, the Company sells its products on terms which transfer title and risk of loss at a specified location, typically shipping point. Accordingly, revenue recognition from product sales occurs when all factors are met, including transfer of title and risk of loss, which typically occurs upon shipment by the Company. If these conditions are not met, the Company will defer revenue recognition until such time as these conditions have been satisfied. The Company collects and remits sales taxes in certain jurisdictions and reports revenue net of any associated sales taxes. The Company also sells certain products through distributors who are granted limited rights of return for stock balancing against purchases made within a prior 90 day period, including price adjustments downwards that the Company implements on any existing inventory. The provision for product returns and price adjustments is assessed for adequacy both at the time of sale and at each quarter end and is based on recent historical experience and known customer claims.

 

Revenue from any engineering consulting and other services is recognized at the time the services are rendered. The Company accounts for its longer-term development contracts, which to date have all been firm fixed-priced contracts, on the percentage-of-completion method, whereby income is recognized as work on contracts progresses, but estimated losses on contracts in progress are charged to operations immediately. The percentage-of-completion is determined using the cost-to-cost method. Amounts are generally billed on a monthly basis. To date all such contracts have been less than one calendar year in duration.

 

 

F-9
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

     Tooling and Equipment

 

Tooling and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation of tooling and equipment is provided for using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:

 

Computers and Software   3 years 
Manufacturing Equipment   5 years 
Tooling   3 years 
Furniture and Equipment   5 years 

 

 

Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Asset betterments are capitalized.

 

     Patents and Trademarks

 

The Company capitalizes the costs of obtaining its patents and registration of Trademarks. Such costs are accumulated and capitalized during the filing periods, which can take several years to complete. Successful applications that result in the granting of a patent or trademark are then amortized over 15 years on a straight-line basis. Unsuccessful applications are written off and expensed in the fiscal period where application is abandoned or discontinued.

 

     Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company regularly assesses all of its long-lived assets for impairment when events or circumstances indicate their carrying amounts may not be recoverable, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360-10, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” In 2011, an impairment charge of $28,576 was recorded related to abandoned patents and trademarks. In 2010, an impairment charge of $49,956 was recorded related to abandoned patents and trademarks. No impairment charges were recorded in 2009.

 

     Research and Development

 

Research and development costs, are expensed as incurred consistent with the guidance of FASB ASC Topic 730, “Research and Development,” and include employee related costs, office expenses, third party design and engineering services, and new product prototyping costs.

 

     Shipping and Handling Costs

 

Amounts charged to customers and costs incurred by the Company related to shipping and handling are included in net sales and cost of goods sold, respectively, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 605-45, “Revenue Recognition – Principal Agent Consideration”, “Accounting for Shipping and Handling Fees and Costs.”

 

 

     Advertising

 

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred and recorded in “Selling and Marketing” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Advertising expense amounted to $513,683; $771,132; and $703,306 for 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

     Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740-10, “Income Taxes.” Accordingly, the Company provides deferred income tax assets and liabilities based on the estimated future tax effects of differences between the financial and tax bases of assets and liabilities based on currently enacted tax laws. A valuation allowance is established for deferred tax assets in amounts for which realization is not considered more likely than not to occur.

 

F-10
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

The Company reports any interest and penalties accrued relating to uncertain income tax positions as a component of the income tax provision.

 

     Earnings Per Share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net (loss) income less accrued dividends on the Series C preferred stock by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share calculations reflect the assumed exercise of all dilutive employee stock options applying the treasury stock method promulgated by FASB ASC Topic 260, “Earnings Per Share” and the conversion of any outstanding convertible preferred shares or notes payable that are-in-the-money, applying the as-if-converted method. However, the assumed exercise of stock options and warrants and the conversion of preferred shares or notes payable are anti-dilutive, therefore basic and diluted earnings per share are the same for all periods.

 

     Stock-Based Employee Compensation

 

The Company accounts for share-based compensation to employees and directors in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 “Compensation Stock Expense,” which requires that compensation expense be recognized in the consolidated financial statements for share-based awards based on the grant-date fair value of those awards. In all cases the Company used the fair market value of our common stock on the date of each option grant was determined based on last most recent cash sale of common stock in an arm’s length transaction with an unrelated third party when we were private and since the Company became public in January 2010, our market price on the TSX Venture Exchange. Stock-based compensation expense includes an estimate of forfeitures and is recognized over the requisite service periods of the awards on a straight-line or graded vesting basis, which is generally commensurate with the vesting term. As a result of the adoption of FASB ASC Topic 718, stock-based compensation expense associated with stock option grants of $298,664, $243,973, and $274,152 was recorded in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

The Company issues new shares upon stock option exercises. Please refer to Note 18, Stock-based Compensation Expense, for further information.

 

     Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company has adopted the provisions of FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures as of January 1, 2008 for financial instruments. This standard defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. ASC 820 clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. ASC 820 permits an entity to measure certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings each period. The adoption of FASB ASC Topic 820 was not material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements or results of operations.

 

ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are directly or indirectly observable for the asset or liability. Such inputs include quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, or inputs derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability. Such inputs are used to measure fair value when observable inputs are not available.

 

     Reclassifications

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

 

F-11
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

 

FASB Accounting Standards Update 2011-04, "Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS," was issued in May 2011 to be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. The update changes the wording for certain measurement and disclosure requirements relating to fair value determinations under U.S. GAAP in order to make them more consistent with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). While many of the modifications are not expected to change the application of U.S. GAAP, additional disclosure requirements relating to the use of Level 3 inputs in determining fair value will apply in the future if applicable to the Company.

 

 

Note 2 —Going Concern Issues

 

The Company’s independent registered public accounting firm’s reports issued on the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 included an explanatory paragraph describing the existence of conditions that raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern, including continued operating losses and the potential inability to pay currently due debts. The Company has incurred annual net losses of $3,879,581 in 2011, $4,557,133 in 2010, and $3,250,424 in 2009 and has an accumulated deficit of $26,469,144 as of December 31, 2011. The Company’s losses in fiscal years 2011, 2010 and 2009 have had a significant negative impact on the Company’s financial position and liquidity.

 

The closing in late December 2010 of the Convertible, Senior Secured Term loan of $4,000,000 and the restructuring of $2,320,980 in deferred trade accounts payable and other notes decreased the Company’s material working capital deficiency. On March 22, 2011 the Company entered into an agreement with a bank for up to $2 million in credit facilities to support on-going working capital needs, which matures on March 22, 2013. The credit facility is an accounts receivable formula based line of credit, and our ability to use the credit facility is dependent upon our ability to generate qualifying accounts receivable. There can be no assurance that we will be able to do so. Under the agreement, the Company may borrow up to 80% of eligible North American accounts receivable and, in addition, approved international accounts on a case-by-case basis. These financings did temporarily improve our working capital position. However due to the Company’s continued operating losses it again is in a negative working capital. The Company was not in compliance with EBITDA covenants for the third quarter of 2011 and for its annual period in its agreements with both of its senior lenders. The Company has requested that they waive the Company’s noncompliance with the EBITDA covenants but they have not done so. Further the senior lenders have indicated that they will not issue such waivers or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which they would agree to forbear from enforcing their remedies against the Company. As such the lenders are currently able to exercise their remedies under their loan agreements, including acceleration of the amounts due them and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by them.

 

The Company’s cash requirements are primarily for funding operating losses, working capital, research, principal and interest payments on debt obligations, and capital expenditures. Historically, these cash needs have been met by borrowings of notes, sales of convertible debt and the sales of equity securities. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to borrow or sell securities in the future, which raises substantial doubt about the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets carrying amounts or the amount of and classification of liabilities that may result should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

F-12
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

Note 3 — Accounts Receivable, Net

 

Accounts receivable consisted of the following:

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Accounts Receivable  $1,104,084   $1,358,905 
Less: Allowance for Doubtful Accounts        
           
Net  $1,104,084   $1,358,905 

 

 Note 4 — Inventories, Net

 

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Purchased Parts and Components  $2,085,616   $2,626,866 
Work in Process   313,601    771,969 
Finished Goods   714,944    756,777 
Less: Reserve for Obsolescence   (574,440)   (406,948)
           
Net  $2,539,721   $3,748,664 

 

Note 5 — Tooling and Equipment, Net

 

Tooling and equipment consisted of the following:

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Tooling and Manufacturing Equipment  $2,127,816   $1,704,974 
Computers and Software   676,196    581,148 
Furniture and Equipment   725,055    447,457 
           
   $3,529,067   $2,733,579 
Less: Accumulated Depreciation   (2,567,375)   (2,171,494)
           
Net  $961,692   $562,085 

 

Total depreciation expense for tooling and equipment for 2011, 2010, and 2009 was $400,790; $376,359; and $462,417, respectively. 

 

Note 6 — Patents and Trademarks, Net

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Patents and Trademarks  $1,081,851   $1,020,887 
Less: Accumulated Amortization   (325,987)   (244,039)
Less: Impairment Charge   (35,265)   (49,956)
           
Net  $720,599   $726,892 

 

F-13
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued) 

 

 

Total amortization expense for patents and trademarks for 2011, 2010, and 2009 was $68,033; $67,999; and $60,040: respectively. The estimated aggregate amortization expense for each of the next five fiscal years is $61,513. We recorded an impairment charge of $28,576 representing cost of $39,352, less accumulated amortization of $10,776 in 2011. We recorded an impairment charge of $49,956 representing cost of $89,151, less accumulated amortization of $39,195 in 2010 and $nil in 2009 regarding our abandoned patents and trademarks. The above amounts are net of the above impairment charges.

 

 

Note 7 — Lines of Credit

 

The Company entered into an agreement with a bank for a $2 million credit facility to support its ongoing working capital needs. The credit facility is an accounts receivable formula based line of credit, which matures on March 22, 2013. Under the agreement, the Company may borrow up to 80% of the Company’s eligible accounts receivable generated by sales to customers based in the United States and, in addition, approved international accounts on a case-by-case basis. The Bank has been granted a first position security interest in all of Company’s current and future assets, with the exception of Intellectual Property in which its position is second to the lien of the holder of the Senior Loan described in Note 2. All other secured debt is subordinate to the Bank facility.

 

The borrowing rate for the facility is the Bank’s Prime Rate plus 1.25%, with a floor of 3.25%. The default rate of interest the Bank’s Prime Rate plus 6.25%. As of December 31, 2011 the effective interest rate was 9.5%. Interest is payable monthly and principal is due at maturity. As of December 31, 2011, the outstanding loan balance was $652,081.

 

The loan agreement relating to this facility requires the Company to maintain an asset coverage ratio (ACR) of at least 1.5 to 1.00 on a monthly basis, and it must also maintain quarterly earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) losses and non-cash compensation or expense, which are measured monthly on a trailing 90 days, not to exceed minus $(150,000), with annual EBITDA to be a minimum of $1 million. ACR is defined as the sum of unrestricted cash which the Company holds at the Bank plus eligible accounts receivable, divided by all Bank indebtedness. The Company was not in compliance with the EBITDA covenant as losses for the second quarter exceeded minus $(150,000), however the Bank has waived noncompliance with that covenant with respect to that quarter. The Company was not in compliance with the EBITDA covenant as losses for the third quarter exceeded minus $(150,000). The Company was also not in compliance with the EBITDA covenant as it did not achieve EBITDA of at least $1 million. The Company has requested that the Bank waive the Company’s noncompliance with the EBITDA covenant for the third quarter ended September 30, 2011 and its minimum annual $1 million for 2011, but the Bank has not done so. Further the Bank has indicated that they will not issue such waivers or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which they would agree to forbear from enforcing their remedies against the Company. As such the lenders are currently able to exercise their remedies under their loan agreements, including acceleration of the amounts due them and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by them.

 

The Company had available a $100,000 line of credit secured by the personal guarantee of an officer of the Company with interest payable at the bank’s prime rate plus 4.24%. The outstanding balance on the line of credit amounted to $Nil; $96,040; and $75,365 at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The prime rate at December 31, 2011 was 3.25%.

 

The Company also had available a $112,500 line of credit with interest payable at the bank’s prime rate plus 1%. The line is unsecured and personally guaranteed by an officer of the Company. The outstanding balance on the line of credit amounted to $-0-; $-0-; and $102,742 at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

Note 8 — Customer Deposits

 

Customer deposits represents money the Company received in advance of providing a product or engineering services to a customer. Such deposits are short term in nature as the Company delivers the product or engineering services to the customer before the end of its next annual fiscal period.

 

F-14
 

  

Note 9 — Accrued Expenses

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following: 

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Accrued Wages and Related Costs  $96,375   $68,954 
Accrued Professional Services   79,500    91,000 
Accrued Warranty Obligations   118,611    99,257 
Other Accrued Expenses   11,354    29,587 
           
Total  $305,840   $288,798 

 

 

The Company has warranty obligations in connection with the sale of certain of its products. The warranty period for its products is generally one year except in European countries where it is two years. The costs incurred to provide for these warranty obligations are estimated and recorded as an accrued liability at the time of sale. The Company estimates its future warranty costs based on product-based historical performance rates and related costs to repair. The changes in the Company’s accrued warranty obligations for 2011 and 2010 were as follows:

 

 

      
Accrued Warranty Obligations at December 31, 2009  $258,476 
Reductions for Settling Warranties   (200,571)
Warranty Issued During Year   152,194 
Adjustments to Pre-Existing Warranties   (90,257)
      
Accrued Warranty Obligations at December 31, 2010  $99,257 
Reductions for Settling Warranties   (242,886)
Warranty Issued During Year   262,240 
Adjustments to Pre-Existing Warranties     
      
Accrued Warranty Obligations at December 31, 2011  $118,611 

 

F-15
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

Note 10 — Accrued Compensation

 

Accrued compensation represents amounts owed to officers of the Company for services rendered prior to 2007 that remain outstanding and unpaid but accrued wages per two executive officer’ employment contracts for the years 2010 and 2011. The principal is not subject to a fixed repayment schedule, and interest on the outstanding balances is payable at 8% per annum, which effective 2009 and onwards compounds monthly due to its continuing deferral post the Company’s IPO. Interest expense related to accrued compensation amounts to $83,211; $60,912; and $48,436 for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Total accrued interest on the accrued compensation was $339,323 and $268,467 as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively and these amounts are included in Accrued Interest, under the Long-Term Liabilities portion of the consolidated balance sheet.

 

Note 11 — Long-Term Debt

 

Long-term debt consisted of the following at December 31:

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Note payable to an officer of the Company. The principal is not subject to a fixed repayment schedule, bears interest at 8% per annum and is secured by all of the assets of the Company  $209,208   $209,208 
Note payable to an officer of the Company. The principal and interest is subject to a fixed blended repayment schedule of 36 months, commencing January 31, 2011. Payments due totaling $59,529 have not been made during 2011. The loan bears interest at 12% per annum and is secured by a subordinated position in all the assets of the Company   294,319    258,658 
Note payable for research and development equipment. The principal is subject to a fixed semi-annual repayment schedule commencing October 31, 2012 over 48 months. The note carries a 0% interest, but imputed interest has been accrued based on a 12% discount rate and is reflected as a reduction in the principal.   

396,004

(122,305)

      
Convertible, Senior Secured Term Debt. The principal is subject to a fixed repayment schedule beginning in January 2012 through to December 2014, bears interest at 12%, per annum, which is due and payable semi-annually, beginning June 23, 2011. The loan is secured by a first security position in all the Intellectual Property assets of the Company and a security interest in all of the other assets of the Company that is subordinate only to the security interest that secures the Company’s working capital loan   4,549,520    4,000,000 
Unamortized debt discount related Warrants issued pursuant to Senior Term Debt net of $252,595 and 5,536 in recognized interest expense in 2011 and 2010   (752,248)   (1,004,843)
Long-term secured deferred trade payable for which the principal and interest is subject to a fixed blended repayment schedule of 24 and 36 months, commencing January 31, 2011. The deferred trade payable bears interest at 12% per annum and is secured by a subordinated position in all the assets of the Company. Payments due totaling $108,255 have not been made during 2011.   1,320,643    1,925,384 
Note payable for which the principal and interest is subject to a fixed blended repayment schedule of 36 months, commencing January 31, 2011. Payments due totaling $8,927 have not been made during 2011. The loan bears interest at 12% per annum and is secured by a subordinated position in all the assets of the Company.   101,748    135,763 
           
   $5,996,889   $5,535,361 
Less: Amount Due Within One Year   (4,924,838)   (810,623)
           
Amount Due After One Year  $1,072,051   $4,713,547 

 

F-16
 

 

The aggregate maturities for all long-term borrowings as of December 31, 2011 are as follows:

 

2012   2013   2014   2015   Thereafter   Total 
                            
$4,924,838   $645,549   $101,659   $66,438   $258,405   $5,996,889 

 

Aggregate maturities reflect future cash principle payments exclusive of non-cash amortization discount.

 

On December 23, 2010, an aggregate amount of $2,320,980 in principal and accrued interest on certain current Notes Payable and secured deferred trade payables was deferred and added to long-term debt and is included in the above table.

 

Interest on the Convertible, Senior Secured Term Debt in the amount of $240,000 due June 23, 2011 and December 23, 2011 has been deferred and added to the principal of the loan and is due upon the maturity of the loan. The same lender provided the Company with a waiver of its failure to satisfy the debt’s EBIDTA covenant for the second quarter ending June 30, 2011. The lender did not waive the Company’s failure to comply with EBITDA covenant for the third quarter ended September 30, 2011 or the 2011 annual EBITDA covenant. The Company has requested that the lender waive the Company’s noncompliance with the EBITDA covenants, but the lender has not done so. Further the senior lender has indicated that they will not issue such waivers or enter into a forbearance agreement, under which they would agree to forbear from enforcing their remedies against the Company. As such the lenders are currently able to exercise their remedies under their loan agreements, including acceleration of the amounts due them and foreclosure and sale of the collateral held by them.

 

The Convertible, Senior Secured Term Debt in the principal amount of $4,000,000 accrues interest at a rate of 12% per annum, payable semi-annually commencing June 23, 2011. No payments of principal are required in first 12 months of the loan and beginning on January 13, 2012, the Company is required to make 24 equal monthly payments of $141,666. A final principal payment of $600,000 is due at the end of the 48-month period or December 23, 2014.

 

The Company issued to the Senior Secured Term Debt Lender warrants to purchase up to 40,000,000 Common Shares (the “Warrants”), at an exercise price of $0.09965 per share, at any time prior to December 23, 2014. The fair value of these Warrants, $1,010,379 is reflected as a discount against the loan amount, net of amortization $252,595 in 2011 and $5,536 in 2010.

 

The maximum number of Common Shares that may be issued pursuant to: (i) the exercise of Warrants; and (ii) the conversion of principal and interest owing under the Loan, shall not exceed 46,517,695 Common Shares.

 

The Senior Secured Term Debt agreement contained certain covenants, including the maintenance of minimum cash levels of $500,000 or unused operating lines of an equivalent amount and positive EBITDA operating results. Beginning with the quarter ending March 31, 2011, the Company is required to achieve positive EBITDA operating results each quarter, starting at nil and increasing to $1,000,000 per quarter over the term of the Loan. The Senior Secured Term Debt Lender is also entitled to appoint two new board members to the Company’s board of directors, subject to the mutual agreement upon suitable candidates and regulatory approval. The Senior Secured Term Debt also contained certain penalties if the Company was unable to obtain if the Company does not enter into a working line of credit secured by Accounts Receivable and Inventory of not less than $1,000,000 nor more than $2,000,000, within 90 days. The Company was successful in securing a operating a facility as described in Note 25 – Subsequent Events and thereby avoided the penalty. 

 

Included in the Long-Term Debt amounts noted above are Long-term secured deferred trade payables representing amounts owed to two suppliers of the Company for component purchases in 2009 that have been deferred and remain outstanding. The principal amount of $1,746,000 was originally due and payable on January 15, 2011. However as part of the Company’s debt restructuring pursuant to the Senior Secured Term Debt mentioned above, the two suppliers agreed to extend the period of repayment for 24 and 36 months respectively, inclusive of accrued interest, with monthly equal blended payments commencing January 15, 2011. The deferred trade payables are secured by all of the assets of the Company and interest on the outstanding balances is payable at 12% per annum commencing from December 23, 2010. Previously the interest rate was 10% per annum. In the event the Company consummates an new equity financing that results in gross proceeds of at least US$10,000,000 then the Company must, subject to regulatory approvals apply not less than 50% of the proceeds from the such equity financings to the prompt payment of the Long-term deferred trade payable.

 

As partial compensation for subordination and postponement, the Long-term deferred trade payable creditors and two existing note holders, together owed $2,320,980 with accrued interest, were issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 4,612,666 Common Shares, with an exercise price of US$0.09965 per share. The Warrants are exercisable until the earlier of the maturity date of the indebtedness owing to the applicable creditor or 5 years from the closing date.

 

F-17
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

Note 12 — Capital Lease Obligations

 

The Company maintains equipment held under capital lease obligations due in monthly installments ranging from $62 to $2,811 including interest at rates ranging from 8.40% to 25.15%. The related equipment is collateral to the leases. Final payments are due through December, 2013.

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Total Principal Payments  $136,684   $201,594 
Less: Amount Due Within One Year   (84,684)   (99,523)
           
Amount Due After One Year  $52,000   $102,071 

 

 

Annual requirements for retirement of the capital lease obligations are as follows:

 

December 31,

    Amount 
       
2012   $101,884 
2013    68,798 
2014     
2015     
       
Total Minimum Lease Payments   $170,682 
Less: Amount Representing Interest    (33,998)
       
Present Value of Minimum Lease Payments    136,684 

 

 

The following is a summary of assets held under capital leases:

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Tooling and Manufacturing Equipment  $   $137,334 
Computers and Software   277,350    200,744 
Furniture and Equipment   91,893    51,543 
           
   $369,243    389,621 
Less: Accumulated Depreciation   (301,726)   (251,150)
           
Net  $67,517   $138,471 

 

 

Depreciation expense related to the assets under capital lease amounted to $75,713; $75,605; and $104,527 for years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

 

F-18
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

Note 13 — Income Taxes

 

The Company files U.S. federal, and U.S. state tax returns. At December 31, 2011, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits totaling $4,869,000, of which would have a favorable impact on our tax provision (benefit), if recognized.

 

Pre-tax earnings consisted of the following for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

 

December 31,   2011    2010    2009 
                
Total Pre-Tax (Loss) Earnings  $(3,851,892)  $(4,542,194)  $(3,280,641)

 

The provision (benefit) for income taxes was as follows:

 

 

December 31,  2011   2010   2009 
     
Current Income Tax Provision (Benefit)               
Federal  $   $   $ 
State   6,300    14,939    3,867 
State Tax Credit Refund           (34,084)
Net Change in Liability for Unrecognized Tax Benefits            
   $6,300   $14,939   $(30,217)
Deferred Provision (Benefit)            
                
Total Provision (Benefit)  $6,300   $14,939   $(30,217)

 

 

A reconciliation of the statutory U.S. federal income tax rate to the effective rates is as follows:

 

December 31,  2011   2010   2009 
     
Federal Income Tax at Statutory Rate   34.0%   34.0%   34.0%
State Tax Provision, Net of Federal Benefit            
Meals and Entertainment   (0.3)%   (0.3)%   (0.3)%
Stock Compensation Expense   (2.6)%   (2.0)%   )%
Research and Development Credits   (0.7)%   (0.4)%   (0.9)%
Other            
                
Effective Tax Rate   30.4%   31.3%   30.3%
Change in Valuations Allowance   (30.4)%   (31.3)%   (30.3)%
                
Net Effective Tax Rate   0.0%   0.0%   0.0%

 

F-19
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

Deferred tax assets (liabilities) consist of the following:

 

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
Assets          
Current          
Inventory and Inventory Related Items  $103,000   $72,000 
Warranty Reserves   14,000    15,000 
Accrued Interest   73,000    61,000 
Accrued Services   4,000      
Non-Current          
Net Operating Loss Carryforwards   3,267,000    2,796,000 
Accrued Compensation   122,000    97,000 
Tax Credit Carryforwards   1,347,000    1,270,000 
Depreciation   9,000    11,000 
           
Total Gross Deferred Tax Assets  $4,939,000   $4,322,000 
Valuation Allowance — 100%   (4,939,000)   (4,322,000)
           
Total Net Deferred Tax Assets  $   $ 
           
Liabilities          
Current          
Patent costs  $70,000   $66,000 
           
Total Gross Deferred Tax Liabilities   70,000    66,000 
Valuation Allowance — 100%   (70,000)   (66,000)
           
Total Net Deferred Tax Liability  $   $ 
           
Net Deferred Tax  $   $ 

 

 

December 31,   2011    2010 
Net Current Deferred Tax Assets  $   $ 
Net Long-Term Deferred Tax Assets  $   $ 

 

 

In 2011 and 2010, the Company generated federal and state net operating losses for income tax purposes. These federal and state net operating loss carryforwards, which total approximately $21,700,000 at December 31, 2011 and begin to expire in 2018, if not utilized. Of the Company’s tax credit carryforwards, $1,347,000 begin to expire in 2017, if not utilized.

 

Deferred tax assets, including carryforwards and other attributes, are reviewed for expected realization and a valuation allowance is established when appropriate to reduce the assets to their estimated net realizable value. Expected realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon sufficient taxable income in the appropriate jurisdiction and period that is also of the appropriate character. The Company has evaluated the availability of such taxable income, the nature of its deferred tax assets and the relevant tax laws in determining the net realizable value of its deferred tax assets.

 

In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations. As a result of the implementation of FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” (FIN 48), we recognize liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on the two-step process prescribed within the interpretation. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step requires us to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is 

 

F-20
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as this requires us to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We re-evaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, effectively settled issues under audit and new audit activity. Such a change in recognition or measurement would result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision in the period.

 

The following table summarizes the activity in the valuation allowance account for 2011 and 2010:

 

Balance, December 31, 2009  $3,659,000 
      
Additions Relating to Uncertain Future Realization of     
Net Operating Losses   536,000 
Federal Tax Credits   52,000 
State Research and Development Tax Credits   9,000 
      
Balance, December 31, 2010  $4,256,000 
      
Additions Relating to Uncertain Future Realization of     
Net Operating Losses   536,000 
Federal Tax Credits   50,000 
State Research and Development Tax Credits   27,000 
      
Balance, December 31, 2011  $4,869,000 

 

 

Note 14 — Preferred Stock

 

     Preferred stock

 

Shares of undesignated preferred stock may be issued in one or more series. The Board of Directors is authorized to establish and designate the different series and to fix and determine the voting powers and other special rights and qualifications. A total of 500,000 shares of preferred authorized are authorized as of December 31, 2011 and 0 shares were issued or outstanding on December 31, 2011 and 2010. There were no preferred dividends owing on December 31, 2011 or 2010.

 

F-21
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

 

Note 15 — Stock Warrants and Agent Options

 

During 2011, the Company issued no new warrants.

 

During 2010, the Company issued warrants to purchase 4,891,378 shares of common stock to lenders for deferring their Long-Term Notes Payable and Long-Term Secured Deferred Trade Payable; 1,111,110 warrants for the issuance of a trade revolving line of credit with a supplier; 40,000,000 warrants to the lender of the Company’s new Senior Secured Term Debt, and 1,000,000 warrants to purchase shares of common stock to the financial advisor on the Term Debt transaction.

 

During 2011, 361,072 warrants were exercised at a price of $.01 per share. During 2010, no warrants were exercised.

 

The following table shows the various changes in warrants for the years December 31, 2011 and 2010. The exercise prices range from $0.00875 to $0.2334 per share.

 

December 31,  2011   2010 
     
Warrants Outstanding, Beginning of Year   65,604,786    19,067,194 
Exercised During the Year   (361,072)    
Issued During the Year       47,002,488 
Forfeited During the Year   (171,616)   (464,896)
           
Warrants Outstanding, End of Year   65,072,098    65,604,786 

 


The outstanding warrants as of December 31, 2011 expire from May 31, 2012 to December 31, 2015. The weighted average remaining contractual term on the warrants is 2.4 years. The weighted average exercise price is $0.1446 per share.

 

Note 16 — Stock Option Plans

 

The Company has the following Stock Option Plans (the “Plan”) that allow for the granting of both statutory incentive stock options or ISOs, which can result in potentially favorable tax treatment to the participant, and non-statutory stock options. The exercise price per share subject to an option is determined by the administrator, but in the case of an ISO must not be less than the fair market value of a share of our common stock on the date of grant and in the case of a non-statutory stock option must not be less than 100% of the fair market value of a share of our common stock on the date of grant.

 

  2007 Plan 2009 Plan Total
Outstanding as of  December 31, 2011 12,201,256 7,887,690 20,089,216
Available for future issuance under plan 29,112,310 29,112,310
Totals authorized by plan 12,201,256 37,000,000 49,201,526

 

The Plan gives the Board of Directors of the Company the ability to determine vesting periods for all options granted under the Plan, and allows option terms to be up to ten years from the original grant date. Employees’ incentive stock options must vest at a minimum rate of 20% per year over a five year period, commencing on the date of grant. Most vest ratably over four years commencing on the date of the option grant. In the case of directors, such options are granted annually and they expire ten years after the date of their grant and vest ratably, on a monthly basis, over the next 12 months. Non-employee directors have vesting of 50% immediately on grant and the balance vest ratably, on a monthly basis, over the next 12 months. Advisors or consultants can have vesting range from 100 percent of the option grants vesting immediately to ratably, on a monthly basis, up to 48 months.

 

F-22
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

The following table summarizes stock option activity for the two years ended December 31, 2011:

 

       Weighted       
   Number of   Average   Exercise Price  
   Shares   Exercise Price   Range  
       
Outstanding at December 31, 2009   15,885,578   $0.0914    $   0.0061 – $ 0.2334  
Granted      $    $    
Exercised      $    $    
Expired or Forfeited   (449,904)  $0.1608    $   0.0087 – $ 0.2334  
                      
Outstanding at December 31, 2010   15,435,674   $0.1182    $   0.0061 – $ 0.2334  
Granted   9,662,690   $0.1210    $   0.1000 – $ 0.1500  
Exercised   (1,298,002)  $0.0100    $   0.0061 – $ 0.1000  
Expired or Forfeited   (3,711,146)  $0.1178    $   0.0289 – $ 0.2334  
Outstanding at December 31, 2011   20,089,216   $0.1301    $   0.0061 – $ 0.2334  

 

As of December 31, 2011, there were 15,323,860 options that were fully vested and exercisable at weighted average exercise price of $0.1248 per share. The weighted average remaining contractual term on the vested options is 5.4 years.

 

The unvested balance of 4,765,356 options as of December 31, 2011, are exercisable at a weighted average exercise price of $0.1408 per share. The weighted average remaining contractual term on the vested options is 8.7 years.

 

The following tables summarize stock option information at December 31, 2011: 

 

Total Options Outstanding
       Weighted average     
       remaining life   Weighted average 
Range of exercise price  Shares   (yrs)   exercise price 
     
$0.0062 to $0.0087   1,980,348    0.6   $0.0076 
$0.0227 to $0.0289   3,096,694    1.8   $0.0252 
$0.1000 to $0.1400   1,650,000    9.4   $0.1000 
$0.1500 to $0.2000   10,250,662    6.0   $0.1500 
$0.2100 to $0.2334   3,111,512    4.3   $0.2302 
                
    20,089,216    2.0   $0.1292 

 

 

Exercisable Options Outstanding
       Weighted average     
       remaining life   Weighted average 
Range of exercise price  Shares   (yrs)   exercise price 
     
$0.0062 to $0.0087   1,980,348    0.5   $0.0076 
$0.0227 to $0.0289   3,096,694    1.8   $0.0252 
$0.1000 to $0.1400   769,007    9.4   $0.1000 
$0.1500 to $0.2000   6,366,299    8.8   $0.1500 
$0.2100 to $0.2334   3,111,512    4.3   $0.2302 
                
    15,323,860    5.4   $0.1248 

 

 

F-23
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

Unvested Options Outstanding
       Weighted average     
       remaining life   Weighted average 
Range of exercise price  Shares   (yrs)   exercise price 
     
$0.1000 to $0.1400   880,993    9.4   $0.1000 
$0.1500 to $0.2000   3,884,363    8.5   $0.1500 
$0.2100 to $0.2334          $ 
                
    4,765,356    8.7   $0.1408 

 

 

The weighted average exercise price of options granted during 2011 was $0.1212 with an aggregate fair value of $452,002. There were no options granted in 2010. The weighted average exercise price of options granted during 2009 was $0.1676 with an aggregate value of $787,891.

 

Cash received from option exercises in 2011, 2010, and 2009, amounted to $16,871, $0, and $0, respectively. All of the shares issued out of common stock.

 

With respect to any non-qualified stock options and incentive stock options that are exercised and held for less than one year, the Company recognizes a tax benefit upon exercise in an amount equal to the tax effect of the difference between the option price and the fair market value of the common stock on the exercise date.

 

The table below summarizes the impact of outstanding stock options on the results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009:

 

December 31,  2011   2010   2009 
     
Stock-Based Compensation Expense:               
Stock Options  $298,664   $243,973   $274,152 
Income Tax Benefit            
                
Net Decrease in Net Income  $298,664   $243,973   $274,152 
                
Decrease in Earnings Per Share:               
Basic and Diluted  $0.0011   $0.0009   $0.0012 

 

 

The Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model was used to estimate the fair value of share-based awards under FASB ASC Topic 718. The Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model incorporates various and highly subjective assumptions, including expected term and expected volatility. For valuation purposes, stock option awards were categorized into two groups, stock option grants to employees and stock option grants to members of the Board of Directors.

 

The expected term of options granted was estimated to be the average of the vesting term, historical exercise and forfeiture rates, and the contractual life of the option. The expected volatility at the grant date is estimated using historical stock prices based upon the expected term of the options granted. The risk-free interest rate assumption is determined using the rates for U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with maturities similar to those of the expected term of the award being valued. Cash dividends have never been paid and are not anticipated to be paid in the foreseeable future. Therefore, the assumed expected dividend yield is zero.

 

F-24
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

The following summary table shows the assumptions used to compute the fair value of stock options granted during 2011, 2010 and 2009 and their estimated value:

 

December 31, 2011 2010 2009
Assumptions for Black-Scholes:      
Expected term in years 7.7 N/A 6.25
Volatility 50.3% to 53.2% N/A 58.2%
Risk-free interest rate 1.77% to 3.29% N/A 2.95%
Expected annual dividends None None None
       
Value of options granted:      
Number of options granted 9,662,690 None 3,535,940
Weighted average fair value/share $0.0468 None $0.1012
Fair value of options granted $452,002 None $121,129

 

 FASB ASC Topic 718 requires pre-vesting option forfeitures at the time of grant to be estimated and periodically revised in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded only for those awards expected to vest using an estimated forfeiture rate based on historical pre-vesting forfeiture data.

 

Unrecognized stock-based compensation expense was approximately $338,837 as of December 31, 2011, relating to a total of 4,765,356 unvested stock options under the Company’s stock option plans. This stock-based compensation expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 1.8 years.

 

Note 17 — Stock Subscriptions Receivable

 

During the year ended December 31, 2002, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized to make loans to certain senior employees to allow them to participate in a rights offering and purchase 32,537,135 shares of common stock at a price of $0.0085 per share. While the loans were initially due September, 2007, the due date was extended to December 2012. The loans bear interest at 6% and are shown as stock subscriptions receivable in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. During 2011 a stock subscription inclusive of gross interest to maturity totaling $151,232 was forgiven. Subscription receivables was reduced by $151,232 with an offset to non-cash compensation expense of $99,828 and a reduction of $3,183 in Additional Paid-In Capital to reduce the unearned gross interest that was previously accrued. There were no changes in 2010.

 

Note 18 — Commitments

 

The Company leases office and manufacturing space under an operating lease that expires on December 31, 2012. The manufacturing facility was leased on a calendar year term, and subsequently month to month. It requires monthly payments of $4,200 plus insurance, taxes and common charges.

 

The Company leases office space under an operating lease that expires in June 2013 which requires monthly payments of $3,819 plus insurance, taxes and common charges.

 

The Company leases office space under an operating lease that was to expires in June 2013 which requires monthly payments of $3,973 plus insurance, taxes and common charges. The Company terminated this lease and vacated the primises on January 31, 2012.

 

Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 totaled $210,492; $200,501; and $200,358; respectively.

 

Future minimum payments required under operating lease obligations are as follows:

 

2012   2013   Total Minimum
Lease Payments
 
             
$100,201   $22,914   $123,115 

  

For the lease agreements described above, the Company is required to pay the pro rata share of the real property taxes and assessments, expenses and other charges associated with these facilities.

 

F-25
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

Note 19 — Employee Benefit Plans

 

The Company has a Section 401(k) Savings Plan which covers employees who meet certain age and length of service requirements. To date the plan is comprised of 100% employee deferrals.

 

Note 20 — Litigation

 

The Company is not subject to any legal proceedings or claims at the current time. The Company indemnifies its directors and officers who are, or were, serving at the Company’s request in such capacities. The fair value of the indemnifications that the Company issued during 2011 or 2010 was not material to the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Note 21 — Product Revenue

 

The following table represents the Company’s total sales for 2011, 2010 and 2009 classified by product category:

 

December 31,  2011   2010   2009 
             
     
Consumer Video Eyewear  $4,016,058   $6,244,786   $4,940,815 
Defense Products   7,350,614    4,799,271    6,020,420 
Engineering Services   1,687,624    1,211,357    924,863 
                
Total  $13,054,296   $12,255,414   $11,886,098 

 

Note 22 — Concentrations

 

For 2011, 2010, and 2009, one customer accounted for approximately 21%, 17%, and 42% of sales, respectively and sales to the U.S. government accounted for approximately 20%, 5% and 2%, respectively.

 

Accounts receivable from the U.S. government accounted for 16%, and 9% of accounts receivable at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

Note 23 — Related Party Transactions

 

During 2011, $2,688,675 and $ 706,134 of revenues and purchases, respectively were derived from a minority stockholder (less than 5%) of the Company who also represented $-0- of the accounts receivable balance and $188,683 of the accounts payable balance at December 31, 2011 and $36,741 of the Long Term Portion of Deferred Trade Payable balance and $445,806 of the Current Portion of Deferred Trade Payables.

 

During 2010, $2,039,052 and $ 1,595,821 of revenues and purchases, respectively were derived from a minority stockholder (less than 5%) of the Company who also represented $nil of the accounts receivable balance and $395,842 of the accounts payable balance at December 31, 2010 and $377,340 of the Long Term Portion of Deferred Trade Payable balance and $368,660 of the Current Portion of Deferred Trade Payables.

 

During 2010, the Company’s President and CEO, who is owed an aggregate of $258,658 by the Company in respect of advances made to the Company, was issued warrants to purchase 1,034,633 Common Shares in consideration for the subordination and postponement of amounts owing to him as part of a secured loan, see Note 12 for further details.

 

During 2009, $5,023,429 and $1,076,072 of revenues and purchases, respectively were derived from a minority stockholder (less than 5%) of the Company who also represented $nil of the accounts receivable balance and $nil of the accounts payable balance at December 31, 2009 and $746,500 of the Long Term Portion of Deferred Trade Payable balance.

 

F-26
 

 

VUZIX CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARY

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)

 

Included in long-term debt is a note payable to an officer of the Company. Interest expense related to the note payable amounted to $29,927; $26,709; and $24,773 for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009. Total accrued interest on the note payable was $181,287 as of December 31, 2011. See Note 12 for details.

 

The Company has accrued compensation owed to officers of the Company. Interest expense related to accrued compensation amounts to $83,211; $60,912; and $48,436 for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Total accrued interest on the accrued compensation was $339,323 as of December 31, 2011. See Note 10 for details.

 

F-27