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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x  

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the quarterly period ended February 28, 2010

or

 

¨  

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

  

For the transition period from                  to                 .

Commission File Number: 000-51788

 

 

Oracle Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   54-2185193

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

500 Oracle Parkway

Redwood City, California

 

94065

(Zip Code)

(Address of principal executive offices)  

(650) 506-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted to its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x        No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  x    Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller reporting company  ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨        No  x

The number of shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding as of March 23, 2010 was: 5,019,091,000.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

          Page

PART I.

   FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  
  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009

   1
   Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended February 28, 2010 and 2009    2
   Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended February 28, 2010 and 2009    3
  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

   4

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

   34

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

   67

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

   67

PART II.

   OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

   69

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

   69

Item 2.

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

   72

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

   74
  

Signatures

   75


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)

ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009

(Unaudited)

 

(in millions, except per share data)

   February 28,
2010
      May 31,   
2009
ASSETS      

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 9,331    $ 8,995

Marketable securities

     8,158      3,629

Trade receivables, net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $273 and $270 as of February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009, respectively

     3,898      4,430

Inventories

     315     

Deferred tax assets

     978      661

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,299      866
             

Total current assets

     23,979      18,581
             

Non-current assets:

     

Property, plant and equipment, net

     2,869      1,922

Intangible assets: software support agreements and related relationships, net

     3,038      3,411

Intangible assets: other, net

     6,830      3,858

Goodwill

     20,415      18,842

Other assets

     2,255      802
             

Total non-current assets

     35,407      28,835
             

Total assets

   $ 59,386    $ 47,416
             
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY      

Current liabilities:

     

Notes payable, current and other current borrowings

   $ 4,220    $ 1,001

Accounts payable

     616      271

Accrued compensation and related benefits

     1,452      1,409

Deferred revenues

     5,389      4,592

Other current liabilities

     2,574      1,876
             

Total current liabilities

     14,251      9,149
             

Non-current liabilities:

     

Notes payable and other non-current borrowings

     11,498      9,237

Income taxes payable

     3,275      2,423

Deferred tax liabilities

     339      480

Other non-current liabilities

     1,172      682
             

Total non-current liabilities

     16,284      12,822
             

Commitments and contingencies

     

Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value—authorized: 1.0 shares; outstanding: none

         

Common stock, $0.01 par value and additional paid in capital—authorized: 11,000 shares; outstanding: 5,015 shares as of February 28, 2010 and 5,005 shares as of May 31, 2009

     13,973      12,980

Retained earnings

     14,257      11,894

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     246      216
             

Total Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity

     28,476      25,090

Noncontrolling interests

     375      355
             

Total equity

     28,851      25,445
             

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 59,386    $ 47,416
             

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1


Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

For the Three and Nine Months Ended February 28, 2010 and 2009

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions, except per share data)

       2010             2009             2010             2009      

Revenues:

        

New software licenses

   $ 1,718      $ 1,516      $ 4,399      $ 4,379   

Software license updates and product support

     3,297        2,917        9,661        8,702   
                                

Software revenues

     5,015        4,433        14,060        13,081   

Hardware systems products

     273               273          

Hardware systems support

     185               185          
                                

Hardware systems revenues

     458               458          

Services

     931        1,020        2,797        3,310   
                                

Total revenues

     6,404        5,453        17,315        16,391   
                                

Operating expenses:

        

Sales and marketing

     1,241        1,054        3,335        3,312   

Software license updates and product support

     281        256        771        795   

Hardware systems products

     206               206          

Hardware systems support

     116               116          

Services

     816        855        2,429        2,820   

Research and development

     823        677        2,191        2,037   

General and administrative

     236        192        619        571   

Amortization of intangible assets

     502        437        1,369        1,276   

Acquisition related and other

     34        27        50        98   

Restructuring

     306        15        467        46   
                                

Total operating expenses

     4,561        3,513        11,553        10,955   
                                

Operating income

     1,843        1,940        5,762        5,436   

Interest expense

     (186     (154     (553     (471

Non-operating income (expense), net

     (75     24        (41     114   
                                

Income before provision for income taxes

     1,582        1,810        5,168        5,079   

Provision for income taxes

     393        481        1,396        1,377   
                                

Net income

   $ 1,189      $ 1,329      $ 3,772      $ 3,702   
                                

Earnings per share:

        

Basic

   $ 0.24      $ 0.27      $ 0.75      $ 0.73   
                                

Diluted

   $ 0.23      $ 0.26      $ 0.74      $ 0.72   
                                

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     5,015        5,005        5,012        5,095   
                                

Diluted

     5,076        5,056        5,067        5,159   
                                

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.05      $      $ 0.15      $   
                                

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

For the Nine Months Ended February 28, 2010 and 2009

(Unaudited)

 

     Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions)

       2010             2009      

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

    

Net income

   $ 3,772      $ 3,702   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     196        198   

Amortization of intangible assets

     1,369        1,276   

Deferred income taxes

     (362     (302

Stock-based compensation

     310        274   

Tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     117        141   

Excess tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     (71     (92

Other, net

     79        68   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:

    

Decrease in trade receivables, net

     1,614        1,848   

Decrease in inventories

     18          

Decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets

     375        336   

Decrease in accounts payable and other liabilities

     (842     (1,097

Decrease in income taxes payable

     (269     (51

Decrease in deferred revenues

     (136     (54
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     6,170        6,247   
                

Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

    

Purchases of marketable securities and other investments

     (11,162     (6,906

Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities and other investments

     7,121        6,397   

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (5,567     (1,165

Capital expenditures

     (161     (491
                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (9,769     (2,165
                

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

    

Payments for repurchases of common stock

     (738     (3,704

Proceeds from issuances of common stock

     602        448   

Payment of dividends to stockholders

     (753       

Proceeds from borrowings, net of issuance costs

     6,420          

Repayments of borrowings

     (1,708     (4

Excess tax benefits on the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock-based awards

     71        92   

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     (59     (53
                

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

     3,835        (3,221
                

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     100        (912
                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     336        (51

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     8,995        8,262   
                

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 9,331      $ 8,211   
                

Non-cash investing and financing transactions:

    

Fair value of stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed in connection with acquisitions

   $ 91      $ 1   

Increase in unsettled repurchases of common stock

   $ 4      $ 4   

See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

Basis of Presentation

We have prepared the condensed consolidated financial statements included herein, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. However, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to ensure the information presented is not misleading. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2009.

On January 26, 2010, we completed our acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc. (Sun), a provider of hardware systems, software and services, by means of a merger of one of our wholly owned subsidiaries with and into Sun such that Sun became a wholly owned subsidiary of Oracle. As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we entered into a new hardware systems business. Our hardware systems business consists of two operating segments: hardware systems products and hardware systems support. In addition, we enhanced our existing software and services businesses with additional offerings. The condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report include the financial results of Sun prospectively from the date of acquisition. Upon completion of our acquisition of Sun, we adopted certain new significant accounting policies as noted below. Refer to Note 2 below for additional details of our acquisition of Sun.

We believe that all necessary adjustments, which consisted only of normal recurring items, have been included in the accompanying financial statements to present fairly the results of the interim periods. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be expected for any subsequent interim period or for our fiscal year ending May 31, 2010.

In July 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Codification), which we adopted in our second quarter of fiscal 2010. There were no changes to our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures contained in this Quarterly Report due to the implementation of the Codification, other than changes in reference in this Quarterly Report to the various authoritative accounting pronouncements contained within the Codification.

During fiscal 2010, we adopted certain new accounting pronouncements that affected our significant accounting policies, including FASB Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 805, Business Combinations, Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-13, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605)—Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements (ASU 2009-13) and Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-14, Software (Topic 985)—Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements (ASU 2009-14). As a result of our recent acquisition of Sun and our adoption of ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14, we have included our updated accounting policies for revenue recognition, inventories and shipping costs below. We disclosed our accounting policies for ASC 805 and all of our other significant accounting policies in Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2009. There have been no other changes to our significant accounting policies that were disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2009 other than the aforementioned policy changes and standards reference changes resulting from the Codification.

As a result of our adoption of the FASB’s new accounting guidance for noncontrolling interests as contained in ASC 810, Consolidation, as of the beginning of fiscal 2010, we retrospectively classified noncontrolling interest positions of certain of our consolidated entities as a separate component of consolidated equity from the equity attributable to Oracle’s stockholders for all periods presented. The noncontrolling interests in our net income were not significant to our consolidated results for the periods presented and therefore have been included as a

 

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Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

component of non-operating income (expense), net in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. Certain other prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. Such reclassifications did not affect our total revenues, operating income or net income.

Revenue Recognition

Our sources of revenues prior to our acquisition of Sun were: (1) software, which includes new software license and software license updates and product support revenues, and (2) services, which include consulting, On Demand and education revenues. As a result of our acquisition of Sun on January 26, 2010, our sources of revenues have been expanded to include hardware systems products, which primarily include revenues from the sale of computer servers and storage products, and hardware systems support revenues.

Revenue Recognition for Software Products and Software Related Services (Software Elements)

New software license revenues represent fees earned from granting customers licenses to use our database, middleware and applications software, and exclude revenues derived from software license updates, which are included in software license updates and product support revenues. While the basis for software license revenue recognition is substantially governed by the accounting guidance contained in ASC 985-605, Software-Revenue Recognition, we exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with the determination of the amount of software and services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

For software license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying software, we recognize new software license revenues when: (1) we enter into a legally binding arrangement with a customer for the license of software; (2) we deliver the products; (3) customer payment is deemed fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or significant uncertainties; and (4) collection is probable. Substantially all of our new software license revenues are recognized in this manner.

Substantially all of our software license arrangements do not include acceptance provisions. However, if acceptance provisions exist as part of public policy, for example, in agreements with government entities where acceptance periods are required by law, or within previously executed terms and conditions that are referenced in the current agreement and are short-term in nature, we generally recognize revenues upon delivery provided the acceptance terms are perfunctory and all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. If acceptance provisions are not perfunctory (for example, acceptance provisions that are long-term in nature or are not included as standard terms of an arrangement), revenues are recognized upon the earlier of receipt of written customer acceptance or expiration of the acceptance period.

The vast majority of our software license arrangements include software license updates and product support contracts, which are entered into at the customer’s option and are recognized ratably over the term of the arrangement, typically one year. Software license updates provide customers with rights to unspecified software product upgrades, maintenance releases and patches released during the term of the support period. Product support includes internet access to technical content, as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel. Software license updates and product support contracts are generally priced as a percentage of the net new software license fees. Substantially all of our customers renew their software license updates and product support contracts annually.

Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Software Products and Software Related Services (Software Arrangements)

We often enter into arrangements with customers that purchase both software related products and services from us at the same time, or within close proximity of one another (referred to as software related multiple-element arrangements). Such software related multiple element arrangements include the sale of our software products, software license updates and product support contracts and other software related services whereby software

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

license delivery is followed by the subsequent or contemporaneous delivery of the other elements. For those software related multiple-element arrangements, we have applied the residual method to determine the amount of license revenues to be recognized pursuant to ASC 985-605. Under the residual method, if fair value exists for undelivered elements in a multiple-element arrangement, such fair value of the undelivered elements is deferred with the remaining portion of the arrangement consideration recognized upon delivery of the software license or services arrangement. We allocate the fair values of each element of a software related multiple-element arrangement based upon its fair value as determined by our vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE—described further below), with any remaining amount allocated to the software license.

Revenue Recognition for Hardware Systems Products and Hardware Systems Related Services (Nonsoftware Elements)

Revenues from the sale of hardware systems products represent amounts earned primarily from the sale of computer servers and storage products. Our revenue recognition policy for these nonsoftware deliverables is based upon the accounting guidance contained in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and we exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with the determination of the amount of hardware systems products and hardware systems related services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

Revenues from the sales of hardware systems products are recognized when: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) we deliver the products and passage of the title to the buyer occurs; (3) the sale price is fixed or determinable; and (4) collection is reasonably assured. Revenues that are not recognized at the time of sale because the foregoing conditions are not met are recognized when those conditions are subsequently met. When applicable, we reduce revenues for estimated returns or certain other incentive programs where we have the ability to sufficiently estimate the effects of these items. Where an arrangement is subject to acceptance criteria and the acceptance provisions are not perfunctory (for example, acceptance provisions that are long-term in nature or are not included as standard terms of an arrangement), revenues are recognized upon the earlier of receipt of written customer acceptance or expiration of the acceptance period.

Our hardware systems support offerings generally provide customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our hardware systems and storage products and can include product repairs, maintenance services, and technical support services. Hardware systems support contracts are entered into at the customer’s option and are recognized ratably over the contractual term of the arrangement.

Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Hardware Systems Products and Hardware Systems Related Services (Nonsoftware Arrangements)

In the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we early adopted the provisions of ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14. ASU 2009-13 amended existing accounting guidance for revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements. To the extent a deliverable within a multiple-element arrangement is not accounted for pursuant to other accounting standards, including ASC 985-605, Software-Revenue Recognition, ASU 2009-13 establishes a selling price hierarchy that allows for the use of an estimated selling price (ESP) to determine the allocation of arrangement consideration to a deliverable in a multiple element arrangement where neither VSOE nor third-party evidence (TPE) is available for that deliverable. ASU 2009-14 modifies the scope of ASC 985-605 to exclude tangible products containing software components and nonsoftware components that function together to deliver the product’s essential functionality. In addition, ASU 2009-14 provides guidance on how a vendor should allocate arrangement consideration to nonsoftware and software deliverables in an arrangement where the vendor sells tangible products containing software components that are essential in delivering the tangible product’s functionality.

 

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Table of Contents

ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

As a result of our early adoption of ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14, we applied the provisions of these accounting standards updates as of the beginning of our fiscal year 2010. The retrospective application of ASU 2009-13 and 2009-14 as of the beginning of our fiscal year 2010 had no impact to our previously reported results of operations.

We enter into arrangements with customers that purchase both nonsoftware related products and services from us at the same time, or within close proximity of one another (referred to as nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements). Each element within a nonsoftware multiple-element arrangement is accounted for as a separate unit of accounting provided the following criteria are met: the delivered products or services have value to the customer on a standalone basis; and for an arrangement that includes a general right of return relative to the delivered products or services, delivery or performance of the undelivered product or service is considered probable and is substantially controlled by us. We consider a deliverable to have standalone value if the product or service is sold separately by us or another vendor or could be resold by the customer. Further, our revenue arrangements generally do not include a general right of return relative to the delivered products. Where the aforementioned criteria for a separate unit of accounting are not met, the deliverable is combined with the undelivered element(s) and treated as a single unit of accounting for the purposes of allocation of the arrangement consideration and revenue recognition. For those units of accounting which include more than one deliverable but are treated as a single unit of accounting, we generally recognize revenues over the delivery period. For the purposes of revenue classification of the elements that are accounted for as a single unit of accounting, we allocate revenue to hardware system and services based on a rational and consistent methodology utilizing our best estimate of fair value of such elements.

For our nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, we allocate revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: VSOE if available, TPE if VSOE is not available, or ESP if neither VSOE nor TPE is available (a description as to how we determine VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, we determine whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. We limit the amount of revenue recognized for delivered elements to an amount that is not contingent upon future delivery of additional products or services or meeting of any specified performance conditions.

To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, we establish VSOE of selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately and for software license updates and product support and hardware systems support, based on the renewal rates offered to customers. For nonsoftware multiple element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers. If we are unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, we determine ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by considering several external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices, margin objectives, competition, geographies in which we offer our products and services, internal costs and stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP is made through consultation with and approval by our management, taking into consideration our go-to-market strategy. As our, or our competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify our pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to our determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, our future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from our results in the current period. Selling prices are analyzed on an annual basis or more frequently if we experience significant changes in our selling prices.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Revenue Recognition Policies Applicable to both Software and Nonsoftware Elements

Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Arrangements with Software and Nonsoftware Elements

We also enter into multiple-element arrangements that may include a combination of our various software related and nonsoftware related products and services offerings including hardware systems products, hardware systems support, new software licenses, software license updates and product support, consulting, On Demand and education. In such arrangements, we first allocate the total arrangement consideration based on the relative selling prices of the software group of elements as a whole and to the nonsoftware elements. We then further allocate consideration within the software group to the respective elements within that group following the guidance in ASC 985-605 and our policies described above. After the arrangement consideration has been allocated to the elements, we account for each respective element in the arrangement as described above.

Other Revenue Recognition Policies Applicable to Software and Nonsoftware Elements

Many of our software arrangements include consulting implementation services sold separately under consulting engagement contracts and are included as a part of our services business. Consulting revenues from these arrangements are generally accounted for separately from new software license revenues because the arrangements qualify as services transactions as defined in ASC 985-605. The more significant factors considered in determining whether the revenues should be accounted for separately include the nature of services (i.e., consideration of whether the services are essential to the functionality of the licensed product), degree of risk, availability of services from other vendors, timing of payments and impact of milestones or acceptance criteria on the realizability of the software license fee. Revenues for consulting services are generally recognized as the services are performed. If there is a significant uncertainty about the project completion or receipt of payment for the consulting services, revenues are deferred until the uncertainty is sufficiently resolved. We estimate the proportional performance on contracts with fixed or “not to exceed” fees on a monthly basis utilizing hours incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated hours to complete the project. If we do not have a sufficient basis to measure progress towards completion, revenues are recognized when we receive final acceptance from the customer. When total cost estimates exceed revenues, we accrue for the estimated losses immediately using cost estimates that are based upon an average fully burdened daily rate applicable to the consulting organization delivering the services. The complexity of the estimation process and factors relating to the assumptions, risks and uncertainties inherent with the application of the proportional performance method of accounting affects the amounts of revenues and related expenses reported in our consolidated financial statements. A number of internal and external factors can affect our estimates, including labor rates, utilization and efficiency variances and specification and testing requirement changes.

On Demand is comprised of Oracle On Demand and Advanced Customer Services and is a part of our services business. Oracle On Demand services are offered as standalone arrangements or as a part of arrangements to customers buying new software licenses or hardware systems products and services. Our On Demand services provide multi-featured software and hardware management and maintenance services for our software and hardware systems products delivered at our data center facilities, select partner data centers or customer facilities. Advanced Customer Services provide customers with services to architect, implement and manage customer IT environments including software and hardware systems product management services, industry-specific solution support centers and remote and on-site expert services. Depending upon the nature of the arrangement, revenues from On Demand services are recognized as services are performed or ratably over the term of the service period, which is generally one year or less.

Education revenues are a part of our services business and include instructor-led, media-based and internet-based training in the use of our software and hardware systems products. Education revenues are recognized as the classes or other education offerings are delivered.

 

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February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

If an arrangement contains multiple elements and does not qualify for separate accounting for the product and service transactions, then new software license revenues and/or hardware systems products revenues, including the costs of hardware systems products, are generally recognized together with the services based on contract accounting using either the percentage-of-completion or completed-contract method. Contract accounting is applied to any bundled software, hardware systems and services arrangements: (1) that include milestones or customer specific acceptance criteria that may affect collection of the software license or hardware systems product fees; (2) where consulting services include significant modification or customization of the software or hardware systems product; (3) where significant consulting services are provided for in the software license contract or hardware systems product contract without additional charge or are substantially discounted; or (4) where the software license or hardware systems product payment is tied to the performance of consulting services. For the purposes of revenue classification of the elements that are accounted for as a single unit of accounting, we allocate revenues to software and nonsoftware elements based on a rational and consistent methodology utilizing our best estimate of fair value of such elements.

We also evaluate arrangements with governmental entities containing “fiscal funding” or “termination for convenience” provisions, when such provisions are required by law, to determine the probability of possible cancellation. We consider multiple factors, including the history with the customer in similar transactions, the “essential use” of the software or hardware systems products and the planning, budgeting and approval processes undertaken by the governmental entity. If we determine upon execution of these arrangements that the likelihood of cancellation is remote, we then recognize revenues once all of the criteria described above have been met. If such a determination cannot be made, revenues are recognized upon the earlier of cash receipt or approval of the applicable funding provision by the governmental entity.

We assess whether fees are fixed or determinable at the time of sale and recognize revenues if all other revenue recognition requirements are met. Our standard payment terms are net 30 days. However, payment terms may vary based on the country in which the agreement is executed. Payments that are due within six months are generally deemed to be fixed or determinable based on our successful collection history on such arrangements, and thereby satisfy the required criteria for revenue recognition.

While most of our arrangements for sales within our software and hardware systems businesses include short-term payment terms, we have a standard practice of providing long-term financing to credit worthy customers through our financing division. Since fiscal 1989, when our financing division was formed, we have established a history of collection, without concessions, on these receivables with payment terms that generally extend up to five years from the contract date. Provided all other revenue recognition criteria have been met, we recognize new software license revenues and hardware systems products revenues for these arrangements upon delivery, net of any payment discounts from financing transactions. We have generally sold receivables financed through our financing division on a non-recourse basis to third party financing institutions and we classify the proceeds from these sales as cash flows from operating activities in our consolidated statements of cash flows. We account for the sales of these receivables as “true sales” as defined in ASC 860, Transfers and Servicing.

In addition, we sell hardware systems products to leasing companies that, in turn, lease these products to end-users. In transactions where the leasing companies have no recourse to us in the event of default by the end-user, we recognize revenue at point of shipment or point of delivery, depending on the shipping terms and if all the other revenue recognition criteria have been met. In arrangements where the leasing companies have more than insignificant recourse to us in the event of default by the end-user (defined as recourse leasing), we recognize both the product revenue and the related cost of the product as the payments are made to the leasing company by the end-user, generally ratably over the lease term.

Our customers include several of our suppliers and on rare occasion, we have purchased goods or services for our operations from these vendors at or about the same time that we have sold our products to these same companies (Concurrent Transactions). Software license agreements or sales of hardware systems that occur within a

 

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three-month time period from the date we have purchased goods or services from that same customer are reviewed for appropriate accounting treatment and disclosure. When we acquire goods or services from a customer, we negotiate the purchase separately from any sales transaction, at terms we consider to be at arm’s length, and settle the purchase in cash. We recognize new software license revenues or hardware systems products revenues from Concurrent Transactions if all of our revenue recognition criteria are met and the goods and services acquired are necessary for our current operations.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first in, first out) or market value. We evaluate our ending inventories for estimated excess quantities and obsolescence. This evaluation includes analysis of sales levels by product and projections of future demand within specific time horizons (generally six months or less). Inventories in excess of future demand are written down. In addition, we assess the impact of changing technology to our inventory and we write-off inventories that are considered obsolete.

Shipping Costs

Our shipping and handling costs for hardware systems products sales are included in expenses for hardware systems products for all periods presented.

Acquisition Related and Other Expenses

Acquisition related and other expenses consist of personnel related costs for transitional and certain other employees, stock-based compensation expenses, integration related professional services, certain business combination adjustments after the measurement period or purchase price allocation period has ended, and certain other operating expenses, net. Stock-based compensation included in acquisition related and other expenses resulted from unvested options or restricted stock-based awards (primarily consisting of restricted stock units) assumed from acquisitions whereby vesting was accelerated upon termination of the employees pursuant to the original terms of those options or restricted stock-based awards. As a result of our adoption of the FASB’s revised accounting guidance for business combinations as of the beginning of fiscal 2010, certain acquisition related and other expenses are now recorded as expenses in our statements of operations that would previously have been included as a part of the consideration transferred and capitalized as a part of the accounting for our acquisitions pursuant to previous accounting rules, primarily direct transaction costs such as professional services fees.

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,

(in millions)

       2010            2009        2010    2009

Transitional and other employee related costs

   $ 5    $ 8    $ 10    $ 39

Stock-based compensation

     10      3      10      14

Professional fees and other, net

     18      16      25      34

Business combination adjustments, net

     1           5      11
                           

Total acquisition related and other expenses

   $ 34    $ 27    $ 50    $ 98
                           

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Non-Operating Income (Expense), net

Non-operating income (expense), net consists primarily of interest income, net foreign currency exchange gains (losses), the noncontrolling interests in the net profits of our majority-owned subsidiaries (Oracle Financial Services Software Limited and Oracle Japan), and net other income (losses), including net realized gains and losses related to all of our investments and net unrealized gains and losses related to the small portion of our investment portfolio that we classify as trading.

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions)

   2010     2009     2010     2009  

Interest income

   $ 27      $ 58      $ 91      $ 243   

Foreign currency losses, net

     (88     (9     (109     (22

Noncontrolling interests in income

     (24     (23     (63     (58

Other income (losses), net

     10        (2     40        (49
                                

Total non-operating income (expense), net

   $ (75   $ 24      $ (41   $ 114   
                                

Included in our non-operating income (expense), net are net foreign currency losses for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 that included a foreign currency loss relating to our Venezuelan subsidiary’s operations. Effective December 1, 2009, we designated our Venezuelan subsidiary as “highly inflationary” in accordance with ASC 830, Foreign Currency Matters, and began using the U.S. Dollar as the subsidiary’s new functional currency. During our third quarter of fiscal 2010, the Venezuelan government devalued its currency and we recognized a $70 million foreign currency loss as a result of the remeasurement of certain assets and liabilities of our Venezuelan subsidiary. As a large portion of our consolidated operations are international, we could experience additional foreign currency volatility in the future, the amounts and timing of which are variable.

Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income consists of the following, net of income tax effects: net income, net foreign currency translation gains and losses, net gains and losses related to certain of our derivative financial instruments that are reflected in Oracle Corporation stockholders’ equity and net unrealized gains and losses on marketable debt and equity securities that we classify as available-for-sale. The following table sets forth the calculation of comprehensive income:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions)

     2010         2009         2010         2009    

Net income

   $   1,189      $   1,329      $   3,772      $   3,702   

Foreign currency translation (losses) gains, net

     (233     (56     43        (739

Unrealized gains (losses) on derivative financial instruments, net

     18        10        (13     (34

Unrealized (losses) gains on marketable securities, net

            (4            6   
                                

Comprehensive income

   $ 974      $ 1,279      $ 3,802      $ 2,935   
                                

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Disclosure requirements related to Fair Value Measurements:    In January 2010, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2010-06, Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements (Topic 820)Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASU 2010-06) to add additional disclosures about the different classes of assets

 

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February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

and liabilities measured at fair value, the valuation techniques and inputs used, the activity in Level 3 fair value measurements, and the transfers between Levels 1, 2, and 3. Levels 1, 2 and 3 of fair value measurements are defined in Note 3 below. We will adopt this new accounting standards update in our fourth quarter of fiscal 2010 except for the provisions of this update that will be effective in our fiscal 2012. We are currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption on our consolidated financial statements.

Transfers of Financial Assets:    In June 2009, the FASB issued and subsequently codified Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-16, Transfers and Servicing (Topic 860)Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets (ASU 2009-16). ASU 2009-16 eliminates the concept of a “qualifying special-purpose entity” with regards to transfer of financial assets and changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets. We will adopt this new accounting standards update in fiscal 2011 and are currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption on our consolidated financial statements.

Variable Interest Entities:    In June 2009, the FASB issued and subsequently codified Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-17, Consolidations (Topic 810)—Improvements to Financial Reporting by Enterprises Involved with Variable Interest Entities (ASU 2009-17). ASU 2009-17 amends the evaluation criteria to identify the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity as provided pursuant to existing accounting standards and requires ongoing reassessments of whether an enterprise is the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entity. We will adopt ASU 2009-17 in fiscal 2011 and are currently evaluating the impact of its pending adoption on our consolidated financial statements.

 

2. ACQUISITIONS

Acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc.

On January 26, 2010 we completed our acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc., a provider of hardware systems, software and services, by means of a merger of one of our wholly owned subsidiaries with and into Sun such that Sun became a wholly owned subsidiary of Oracle. We acquired Sun to, among other things, expand our product offerings by adding Sun’s existing hardware systems business and broadening our software and services offerings. We have included the financial results of Sun in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. For the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010, Sun contributed $543 million to our total revenues.

The total preliminary purchase price for Sun was approximately $7.3 billion and was comprised of:

 

(in millions, except per share amounts)

    

Acquisition of approximately 757 million shares of outstanding common stock of Sun at $9.50 per share in cash

   $   7,196

Preliminary fair value of stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed

     90
      

Total preliminary purchase price

   $ 7,286
      

The preliminary fair values of stock options assumed were estimated using a Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model. The preliminary fair value of unvested Sun stock options and restricted stock-based awards will be recorded as operating expense over the remaining service periods, while the preliminary fair values of vested stock options and restricted stock-based awards are included in the total purchase price. The preliminary purchase price for Sun is subject to change during the measurement period as we finalize the number of Sun common shares outstanding that we purchased, validate the conversion calculations of Sun stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed, and finalize the proportion of such stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed that are vested as of the acquisition date.

Preliminary Purchase Price Allocation

Pursuant to our business combinations accounting policy, the total preliminary purchase price for Sun was allocated to the preliminary net tangible and intangible assets based upon their preliminary fair values as of

 

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February 28, 2010

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January 26, 2010 as set forth below. The excess of the preliminary purchase price over the preliminary net tangible assets and preliminary intangible assets was recorded as goodwill. The preliminary allocation of the purchase price was based upon a preliminary valuation and our estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). The primary areas of the preliminary purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized relate to the fair values of certain tangible assets and liabilities acquired, the valuation of intangible assets acquired, certain legal matters, income and non-income based taxes and residual goodwill. We expect to continue to obtain information to assist us in determining the fair value of the net assets acquired at the acquisition date during the measurement period. Our preliminary purchase price allocation for Sun is as follows:

 

(in millions)

      

Cash and marketable securities

   $ 2,571   

Trade receivables

     1,079   

Inventories

     334   

Goodwill

     1,246   

Intangible assets

     3,347   

In-process research and development

     415   

Other assets

     2,054   

Accounts payable and other liabilities

     (3,961

Deferred tax assets, net

     1,244   

Deferred revenues

     (1,043
        

Total preliminary purchase price

   $ 7,286   
        

Goodwill acquired will be allocated to our operating segments upon completion of certain valuations as a part of the final purchase price allocation. We generally do not expect the goodwill recognized to be deductible for income tax purposes.

Preliminary Valuations of Intangible Assets Acquired

The following table sets forth the preliminary components of intangible assets acquired in connection with the Sun acquisition:

 

(Dollars in millions)

   Preliminary
Fair Value
   Weighted
Average Useful
Life

Hardware systems support agreements and related relationships

   $ 771    7 years

Developed technology

     1,349    4 years

Core technology

     534    4 years

Customer relationships

     467    3 years

Trademarks

     226    7 years
         

Total intangible assets subject to amortization

     3,347   

In-process research and development

     415   
         

Total intangible assets

   $ 3,762   
         

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Hardware systems support agreements and related relationships and customer relationships represent the fair values of the underlying relationships and agreements with Sun’s customers. Developed technology represents the fair values of Sun products that have reached technological feasibility and are a part of Sun’s product lines. Core technology represents the fair values of the Sun processes, patents and trade secrets related to the design and development of Sun’s products. This proprietary know-how can be leveraged to develop new technology and improve our existing products. Trademarks represent the fair values of brand and name recognition associated with the marketing of Sun’s products and services. In-process research and development represents the fair values of incomplete Sun research and development projects that had not reached technological feasibility as of the date of acquisition.

Preliminary Pre-Acquisition Contingencies Assumed

We have evaluated and continue to evaluate pre-acquisition contingencies relating to Sun that existed as of the acquisition date. We have preliminarily determined that certain of these pre-acquisition contingencies are probable in nature and estimable as of the acquisition date and, accordingly, have preliminarily recorded our best estimates for these contingencies as a part of the preliminary purchase price allocation for Sun. We continue to gather information for and evaluate substantially all pre-acquisition contingencies that we have assumed from Sun. If we make changes to the amounts recorded or identify additional pre-acquisition contingencies during the remainder of the measurement period, such amounts recorded will be included in the purchase price allocation during the measurement period and, subsequently, in our results of operations.

Other Fiscal 2010 Acquisitions

During the first nine months of fiscal 2010, we acquired other companies and purchased certain technology and development assets to expand our product offerings. These acquisitions were not significant individually or in the aggregate. We have accounted for these acquisitions in accordance with the FASB’s revised accounting standard for business combinations, which we adopted as of the beginning of fiscal 2010. We have included the financial results of these companies in our consolidated results from their respective acquisition dates. The preliminary purchase price allocations for each of these acquisitions were based upon a preliminary valuation and our estimates and assumptions for certain of these acquisitions are subject to change as we obtain additional information for our estimates during the respective measurement periods. The primary areas of those purchase price allocations that are not yet finalized relate to identifiable intangible assets, certain legal matters, income and non-income based taxes and residual goodwill. Separately, in the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we agreed to acquire certain other companies for amounts that are not material to our business. We expect these transactions to close in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010.

Fiscal 2009 Acquisitions

During fiscal 2009, we acquired several companies and purchased certain technology and development assets to expand our product offerings. These acquisitions were not individually significant. We have included the financial results of these companies in our consolidated results from their respective acquisition dates. In the aggregate, the total purchase price for these acquisitions was approximately $1.2 billion, which consisted of approximately $1.2 billion in cash, $1 million for the fair value of stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed and $13 million for transaction costs. The preliminary allocations of purchase price for certain of these acquisitions were based upon preliminary valuations and our estimates and assumptions are subject to change. In allocating the total purchase price for these acquisitions based on estimated fair values, we preliminarily recorded $708 million of goodwill, $587 million of identifiable intangible assets, $96 million of net tangible liabilities (resulting primarily from deferred tax and restructuring liabilities assumed as a part of these

 

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February 28, 2010

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transactions) and $10 million of in-process research and development. The primary areas of the purchase price allocations that are not yet finalized relate to certain restructuring liabilities, intangible assets, legal matters, income and non-income based taxes and residual goodwill.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The unaudited pro forma financial information in the table below summarizes the combined results of operations for Oracle, Sun and certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2009 (which were collectively significant for purposes of unaudited pro forma financial information disclosure) as though the companies were combined as of the beginning of fiscal 2009. The pro forma financial information for all periods presented also includes the business combination accounting effects resulting from these acquisitions including our amortization charges from acquired intangible assets (certain of which are preliminary), the elimination of certain goodwill and intangible asset impairment charges incurred by Sun, stock-based compensation charges for unvested stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed, adjustments to interest expense for borrowings and the related tax effects as though the aforementioned companies were combined as of the beginning of fiscal 2009. The pro forma financial information as presented below is for informational purposes only and is not indicative of the results of operations that would have been achieved if the acquisitions and any borrowings undertaken to finance these acquisitions had taken place at the beginning of fiscal 2009.

The unaudited pro forma financial information for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 combined the historical results of Oracle for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010, the historical results of Sun for the three and nine month periods ended September 27, 2009 (due to differences in reporting periods) and the historical results for certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2010 based upon their respective previous reporting periods and the dates that these companies were acquired by us, and the effects of the pro forma adjustments listed above.

The unaudited pro forma financial information for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2009 combined the historical results of Oracle for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2009, the historical results of Sun for the three and nine month periods ended March 27, 2009 (due to differences in reporting periods) and the historical results of certain other companies that we acquired since the beginning of fiscal 2009 based upon their respective previous reporting periods and the dates these companies were acquired by us, and the effects of the pro forma adjustments listed above. The unaudited pro forma financial information was as follows for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,

(in millions, except per share data)

       2010            2009        2010    2009

Total revenues

   $ 7,888    $ 8,072    $ 24,045    $ 25,335

Net income

   $ 1,065    $ 1,115    $ 3,216    $ 2,960

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.21    $ 0.22    $ 0.64    $ 0.58

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.21    $ 0.22    $ 0.63    $ 0.57

 

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

We perform fair value measurements in accordance with the guidance provided by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of nonperformance.

 

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February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. An asset’s or liability’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ASC 820 establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

   

Level 1:    quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

 

   

Level 2:    inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; or

 

   

Level 3:    unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

Our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, excluding accrued interest components, consisted of the following types of instruments (Level 1 and 2 inputs are defined above):

 

    February 28, 2010   May 31, 2009
    Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Types
      Fair Value Measurements
Using Input Types
   

(in millions)

      Level 1           Level 2           Total           Level 1           Level 2           Total    

Assets:

           

Money market funds

  $ 1,882   $   $ 1,882   $ 467   $   $ 467

U.S. Treasury, U.S. government and U.S. government agency debt securities

    2,653     15     2,668     4,078         4,078

Commercial paper debt securities

        4,681     4,681         1,365     1,365

Corporate debt securities and other

        2,381     2,381         1,335     1,335

Derivative financial instruments

        23     23            
                                   

Total assets

  $ 4,535   $ 7,100   $ 11,635   $ 4,545   $ 2,700   $ 7,245
                                   

Liabilities:

           

Derivative financial instruments

  $   $ 9   $ 9   $   $ 35   $ 35
                                   

Total liabilities

  $   $ 9   $ 9   $   $ 35   $ 35
                                   

Our valuation techniques used to measure the fair values of our money market funds and U.S. Treasury, U.S. government and U.S. government agency debt securities, that were classified as Level 1 in the table above, were derived from quoted market prices as substantially all of these instruments have maturity dates (if any) within one year from our date of purchase and active markets for these instruments exist. Our valuation techniques used to measure the fair values of all other instruments listed in the table above, generally all of which mature within one year and the counterparties to which have high credit ratings, were derived from the following: non-binding market consensus prices that are corroborated by observable market data, quoted market prices for similar instruments, or pricing models, such as discounted cash flow techniques, with all significant inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data. Our discounted cash flow techniques use observable market inputs, such as LIBOR-based yield curves, and currency spot and forward rates.

Our cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and derivative financial instruments are recognized and measured at fair value in our condensed consolidated financial statements. Based on the trading prices of our $15.70 billion and $10.25 billion borrowings, that included senior notes and commercial paper notes, that were outstanding as of February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009, respectively, and the interest rates we could obtain for other borrowings with similar terms at those dates, the estimated fair value of our borrowings at February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009 was $16.75 billion and $10.79 billion, respectively.

 

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February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

4. INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following as of February 28, 2010 (insignificant as of May 31, 2009):

 

(in millions)

   February 28, 2010

Raw materials

   $ 105

Work-in-process

     52

Finished goods

     158
      

Total

   $ 315
      

 

5. INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL

The changes in intangible assets for fiscal 2010 and the gross and net book value of intangible assets at February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009 were as follows:

 

    Intangible Assets, Gross   Accumulated Amortization     Intangible Assets, Net   Weighted
Average
Useful
Life

(Dollars in millions)

  May 31,
2009
  Additions   February 28,
2010
  May 31, 
2009
    Expense     February 28,
2010
    May 31,
2009
  February 28,
2010
 

Software support agreements and related relationships

  $ 5,012   $ 48   $ 5,060   $ (1,601   $ (421   $ (2,022   $ 3,411   $ 3,038   9 years

Hardware systems support agreements and related relationships

        771     771            (12     (12         759   7 years

Developed technology

    3,844     1,444     5,288     (1,925     (568     (2,493     1,919     2,795   5 years

Core technology

    1,502     578     2,080     (687     (197     (884     815     1,196   5 years

Customer relationships

    1,284     481     1,765     (320     (140     (460     964     1,305   7 years

Trademarks

    273     231     504     (113     (31     (144     160     360   7 years

In-process research and development

        415     415                              415   N.A
                                                       

Total

  $ 11,915   $ 3,968   $ 15,883   $ (4,646   $ (1,369   $ (6,015   $ 7,269   $ 9,868  
                                                       

Total amortization expense related to our intangible assets subject to amortization was $502 million and $1.4 billion for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010, respectively and $437 million and $1.3 billion for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2009, respectively. Estimated future amortization expense related to our intangible assets subject to amortization was $609 million for the remainder of fiscal 2010, $2.3 billion in fiscal 2011, $2.0 billion in fiscal 2012, $1.6 billion in fiscal 2013, $1.3 billion in fiscal 2014, $1.0 billion in fiscal 2015 and $631 million thereafter.

The changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill, which is generally not deductible for tax purposes, for our software business operating segments and for our services business for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 were as follows:

 

(in millions)

  New
Software
Licenses
    Software
License
Updates and
Product
Support
    Services     Other(2)   Total  

Balances as of May 31, 2009

  $ 5,716      $ 11,334      $ 1,792      $   $ 18,842   

Goodwill from acquisitions

    179        119        2        1,304     1,604   

Goodwill adjustments for acquisitions consummated since the beginning of fiscal 2010(1)

    9        7                   16   

Goodwill adjustments for acquisitions consummated prior to fiscal 2010(1)

    (18     (26     (3         (47
                                     

Balances as of February 28, 2010

  $       5,886      $ 11,434      $       1,791      $       1,304   $     20,415   
                                     

 

(1)

Pursuant to our business combinations accounting policy, we record goodwill adjustments for the effect on goodwill of changes to net assets acquired during the measurement or purchase price allocation period (either of which can be up to one year from the date of an acquisition). Goodwill adjustments for acquisitions consummated since the beginning of fiscal 2010 were generally balance sheet related with insignificant effects to our previously reported operating results.

 

(2)

Primarily represents goodwill associated with our acquisition of Sun that will be allocated to our operating segments upon finalization of preliminary valuations.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

6. NOTES PAYABLE AND OTHER BORROWINGS

Commercial Paper Program

In the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we issued $2.0 billion of unsecured short-term commercial paper notes (Commercial Paper Notes) pursuant to our commercial paper program, which allows us to issue and sell unsecured short-term promissory notes pursuant to a private placement exemption from the registration requirements under federal and state securities laws (see Note 7 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in our fiscal 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information regarding our commercial paper program). We issued these Commercial Paper Notes to finance a portion of our purchase price for our acquisition of Sun. As of February 28, 2010, we had $951 million of Commercial Paper Notes outstanding at a weighted average yield, including issuance costs, of 0.18% that mature at various dates through June 14, 2010 (none outstanding as of May 31, 2009). We back-stop these notes with our revolving credit agreements and therefore, as of February 28, 2010, we had $3.9 billion of capacity remaining under our commercial paper program. As described below, one of our revolving credit agreements expired in March 2010.

Senior Notes and Other

In July 2009, we issued $4.5 billion of fixed rate senior notes comprised of $1.5 billion of 3.75% notes due July 2014 (2014 Notes), $1.75 billion of 5.00% notes due July 2019 (2019 Notes) and $1.25 billion of 6.125% notes due July 2039 (2039 Notes and, together with 2014 Notes and 2019 Notes, the Senior Notes). We issued the Senior Notes for general corporate purposes and for our acquisition of Sun and acquisition related expenses.

The effective interest yields of the 2014 Notes, 2019 Notes and 2039 Notes at February 28, 2010 were 3.75%, 5.05% and 6.19%, respectively. In September 2009, we entered into interest rate swap agreements that have the economic effect of modifying the fixed interest obligations associated with the 2014 Notes so that the interest payable on these notes effectively became variable (1.37% at February 28, 2010; see Note 9 for additional information).

The Senior Notes rank pari passu with the Commercial Paper Notes that we have issued, any other notes we may issue in the future pursuant to our commercial paper program and all existing and future senior indebtedness of Oracle Corporation. All existing and future liabilities of the subsidiaries of Oracle Corporation will be effectively senior to the Senior Notes and our Commercial Paper Notes.

Separately, shortly after the closing of our acquisition of Sun we repaid, in full, $700 million of Sun’s legacy convertible notes in the third quarter of fiscal 2010.

We were in compliance with all debt-related covenants at February 28, 2010. Future principal payments for all of our borrowings at February 28, 2010 were as follows: $1.9 billion in fiscal 2010, $2.3 billion in fiscal 2011, none in fiscal 2012, $1.3 billion in fiscal 2013, none in fiscal 2014 and $10.3 billion thereafter.

Revolving Credit Agreement

On March 16, 2010, our $2.0 billion, 364-Day Revolving Credit Agreement dated March 17, 2009, among Oracle; the lenders named therein; Wachovia Bank, National Association, as administrative agent; BNP Paribas as syndication agent; the documentation agents named therein; and Wachovia Capital Markets, LLC, and BNP Paribas Securities Corp., as joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners (the 2009 Credit Agreement), terminated pursuant to its terms. No debt was outstanding pursuant to the 2009 Credit Agreement as of February 28, 2010, or as of its date of termination.

There have been no other significant changes in our notes payable and other borrowing arrangements that were disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2009.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

7. RESTRUCTURING ACTIVITIES

Sun Restructuring Plan

During the third quarter of fiscal 2010, our management approved, committed to and initiated a plan to restructure our operations due to our acquisition of Sun (the Sun Restructuring Plan) in order to improve the cost efficiencies in our merged operations. The total estimated restructuring costs associated with the Sun Restructuring Plan are $325 million consisting primarily of employee severance expenses, abandoned facilities obligations and contract termination costs. The restructuring costs will be recorded to the restructuring expense line item within our consolidated statements of operations as they are recognized. We recorded $235 million of restructuring expenses in connection with the Sun Restructuring Plan during the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and we expect to incur the majority of the approximately $90 million of remaining expenses pursuant to the Sun Restructuring Plan through fiscal 2011. Any changes to the estimates of executing the Sun Restructuring Plan will be reflected in our future results of operations.

Fiscal 2009 Oracle Restructuring Plan

During the third quarter of fiscal 2009, our management approved, committed to and initiated plans to restructure and further improve efficiencies in our Oracle-based operations (the 2009 Plan). Our management subsequently amended the 2009 Plan to reflect additional actions that we expect to take over the course of fiscal 2010. The total estimated restructuring costs associated with the 2009 Plan are $453 million and will be recorded to the restructuring expense line item within our consolidated statements of operations as they are recognized. In the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010, we recorded $71 million and $232 million, respectively, of restructuring expenses for which the substantial majority were in connection with the 2009 Plan. We expect to incur the majority of the remaining $126 million during our fourth quarter of fiscal 2010. Any changes to the estimates of executing the 2009 Plan will be reflected in our future results of operations.

Acquisition Related Restructuring Plans Adopted Prior to Fiscal 2010

Included in our “Other” restructuring plans line in the table below are certain restructuring plans that relate to companies that we acquired prior to our adoption of the revised business combinations accounting guidance contained in ASC 805 as of the beginning of fiscal 2010. Costs related to these restructuring plans were originally recognized as liabilities assumed in each of the respective business combinations and included in the allocation of the cost to acquire these companies and, accordingly, have resulted in an increase to goodwill. Our restructuring expenses may change as our management executes the approved plans. Future decreases to the estimates of executing these acquisition related restructuring plans will be recorded as an adjustment to goodwill indefinitely. Increases to the estimates of the acquisition related restructuring plans will be recorded to operating expenses.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Summary of All Plans

 

(in millions)

  Accrued
May 31,
2009(2)
  Nine Months Ended February 28, 2010     Accrued
Feb. 28,
2010(2)
  Total
Costs
Accrued
to Date
  Total
Expected
Program
Costs
    Initial
Costs(3)
  Adj. to
Cost(4)
    Cash
Payments
    Others(5)        

Sun Restructuring Plan

               

New software licenses

  $   $ 6   $      $ (1   $      $ 5   $ 6   $ 13

Software license updates and product support

        2                          2     2     2

Hardware systems products

        19            (3            16     19     33

Hardware systems support

        26            (3            23     26     27

Services

        9            (1            8     9     27

General and administrative and other(1)

        173            (28            145     173     223
                                                     

Total Sun Restructuring

  $   $ 235   $      $ (36   $      $ 199   $ 235   $ 325
                                                     

Fiscal 2009 Oracle Restructuring Plan

               

New software licenses

  $ 12   $ 96   $ 4      $ (75   $ (2   $ 35   $ 130   $ 162

Software license updates and product support

        2            (1     1        2     3     21

Services

    22     100     10        (80     (5     47     145     210

Other(1)

    13     34     (4     (20     (1     22     49     60
                                                     

Total Fiscal 2009 Oracle Restructuring

  $ 47   $ 232   $ 10      $ (176   $ (7   $ 106   $ 327   $ 453
                                                     

Total Other Restructuring Plans

  $ 342   $ 2   $ (60   $ (98   $ 288      $ 474    
                                             

Total Restructuring Plans(6)

  $ 389   $ 469   $ (50   $ (310   $ 281      $ 779    
                                             

 

(1)

Other includes severance costs related to operating segments that were not individually or collectively significant, facilities related restructuring expenses and contract termination costs.

 

(2)

Accrued restructuring for our more significant restructuring plans at February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009 was $779 million and $389 million, respectively. The balances include $506 million and $203 million recorded in other current liabilities and $273 million and $186 million recorded in other non-current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets at February 28, 2010 and May 31, 2009, respectively.

 

(3)

Initial costs recorded for the respective restructuring plans.

 

(4)

All plan adjustments are changes in estimates whereby all increases in costs are generally recorded to operating expenses in the period of adjustment with decreases in the costs of our Oracle-based plans and the Sun Restructuring Plan being recorded to operating expenses and decreases in costs of our acquisition related plans adopted prior to fiscal 2010 or assumed from Sun recorded as adjustments to goodwill.

 

(5)

Represents foreign currency translation, other adjustments and accrued restructuring plan liabilities of $275 million that were assumed from our acquisition of Sun.

 

(6)

Restructuring plans included in this footnote represent those plans that management has deemed significant.

 

8. DEFERRED REVENUES

Deferred revenues consisted of the following:

 

(in millions)

   February 28,
2010
      May 31,   
2009

Software license updates and product support

   $ 4,161    $ 4,158

Hardware systems support

     487     

Services

     351      243

New software licenses

     354      191

Hardware systems products

     36     
             

Deferred revenues, current

     5,389      4,592

Deferred revenues, non-current (in other non-current liabilities)

     430      204
             

Total deferred revenues

   $ 5,819    $ 4,796
             

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Deferred software license updates and product support revenues and deferred hardware systems support revenues represent customer payments made in advance for annual support contracts. Software license updates and product support contracts and hardware systems support contracts are typically billed on a per annum basis in advance and revenues are recognized ratably over the support periods. Deferred services revenues include prepayments for consulting, On Demand and education services. Revenue for these services is recognized as the services are performed. Deferred new software license revenues typically result from undelivered products or specified enhancements, customer specific acceptance provisions, software license transactions that cannot be segmented from consulting services, or certain extended payment term arrangements. Deferred hardware systems product revenues typically result from undelivered products or specified enhancements, sales to customers, including channel partners and resellers, where revenue recognition criteria have not been met, transactions involving customer specific acceptance provisions or transactions that cannot be segmented from consulting services.

In connection with the purchase price allocations related to our acquisitions, we have estimated the fair values of the support obligations assumed. The estimated fair values of the support obligations assumed were determined using a cost build-up approach. The cost build-up approach determines fair value by estimating the costs relating to fulfilling the obligations plus a normal profit margin. The sum of the costs and operating profit approximates, in theory, the amount that we would be required to pay a third party to assume the support obligations. These fair value adjustments reduce the revenues recognized over the support contract term of our acquired contracts. As a result, we did not recognize software license updates and product support revenues related to software support contracts assumed from our acquisitions in the amount of $26 million and $51 million for the three months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $49 million and $222 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively, which would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by Sun as an independent entity, in the amount of $39 million for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010.

 

9. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

On December 1, 2008, we adopted the new disclosure provisions that are included in ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging, which had no impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations and only required additional financial statement disclosures. We have applied the disclosure requirements of ASC 815 on a prospective basis from the date of adoption. Accordingly, disclosures related to interim periods prior to the date of adoption have not been presented.

Interest Rate Swap Agreements

Cash Flow Hedges

We use an interest rate swap agreement to manage the economic effect of variable interest obligations associated with our senior notes due May 2010 (Floating Rate Notes) so that the interest payable on the Floating Rate Notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 4.59%, thereby reducing the impact of future interest rate changes on our future interest expense. The critical terms of the interest rate swap agreement and the Floating Rate Notes match, including the notional amounts, interest rate reset dates, maturity dates and underlying market indices. Accordingly, we have designated this swap agreement as a qualifying hedging instrument and are accounting for it as a cash flow hedge pursuant to ASC 815. The unrealized losses on this interest rate swap agreement are included in accumulated other comprehensive income and the corresponding fair value payable is included in other current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. The periodic interest settlements on this interest rate swap agreement, which occur at the same interval as the periodic interest settlements pursuant to the Floating Rate Notes, are recorded as interest expense.

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Fair Value Hedges

In September 2009, we entered into interest rate swap agreements that have the economic effect of modifying the fixed interest obligations associated with the 2014 Notes (as defined in Note 6) so that the interest payable on these notes effectively became variable based on LIBOR. The critical terms of the interest rate swap agreements and the 2014 Notes match, including the notional amounts and maturity dates. Accordingly, we have designated these swap agreements as qualifying hedging instruments and are accounting for them as fair value hedges pursuant to ASC 815. These transactions are characterized as fair value hedges for financial accounting purposes because they protect us against changes in the fair value of our fixed rate borrowings due to benchmark interest rate movements. The changes in fair values of these interest rate swap agreements are recognized as interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations with the corresponding amounts included in other assets or other non-current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. The amount of net gain (loss) attributable to the risk being hedged is recognized as interest expense in our consolidated statement of operations with the corresponding amount included in notes payable and other non-current borrowings. The periodic interest settlements, which occur at the same interval as the 2014 Notes, are recorded as interest expense.

We do not use any interest rate swap agreements for trading purposes.

Net Investment Hedges

Periodically, we hedge net assets of certain of our international subsidiaries using foreign currency forward contracts to offset the translation and economic exposures related to our foreign currency-based investments in these subsidiaries. These contracts have been designated as net investment hedges pursuant to ASC 815. We use the spot method to measure the effectiveness of our net investment hedges. Under this method for each reporting period, the change in fair value of the forward contracts attributable to the changes in spot exchange rates (the effective portion) is reported in accumulated other comprehensive income on our consolidated balance sheet and the remaining change in fair value of the forward contract (the ineffective portion, if any) is recognized in non-operating income (expense), net, in our consolidated statement of operations. We record settlements under these forward contracts in a similar manner. The fair value of both the effective and ineffective portions is recorded to our consolidated balance sheet as prepaid expenses and other current assets for amounts receivable from the counterparties or other current liabilities for amounts payable to the counterparties.

As of February 28, 2010, we had one net investment hedge in Japanese Yen. The Yen net investment hedge minimizes currency risk arising from net assets held in Yen as a result of equity capital raised during the initial public offering and subsequent offering of our majority owned subsidiary, Oracle Japan. As of February 28, 2010, the fair value of our net investment hedge in Japanese Yen was nominal and had a notional amount of $734 million.

Foreign Currency Forward Contracts Not Designated as Hedges

We transact business in various foreign currencies and have established a program that primarily utilizes foreign currency forward contracts to offset the risks associated with the effects of certain foreign currency exposures. Under this program, our strategy is to have increases or decreases in our foreign currency exposures offset by gains or losses on the foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the risks and volatility associated with foreign currency transaction gains or losses. These foreign currency exposures typically arise from intercompany sublicense fees and other intercompany transactions. Our foreign currency forward contracts generally settle within 90 days. We do not use these forward contracts for trading purposes. We do not designate these forward contracts as hedging instruments pursuant to ASC 815. Accordingly, we record the fair value of these contracts as of the end of our reporting period to our consolidated balance sheet with changes in fair value recorded in our consolidated statement of operations. The balance sheet classification for the fair values of these forward

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

contracts is prepaid expenses and other current assets for unrealized gains and other current liabilities for unrealized losses. The statement of operations classification for the fair values of these forward contracts is non-operating income (expense), net, for both realized and unrealized gains and losses.

As of February 28, 2010, the notional amounts of the forward contracts we held to purchase and sell U.S. Dollars in exchange for other major international currencies were approximately $2.1 billion and $1.3 billion, respectively, and the notional amounts of the foreign currency forward contracts we held to purchase European Euros in exchange for other major international currencies were €165 million (approximately $224 million).

The effects of derivative instruments on our condensed consolidated financial statements were as follows as of or for each of the respective periods presented (amounts presented exclude any income tax effects):

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments in Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   

February 28, 2010

 

May 31, 2009

(in millions)

 

Balance Sheet Location

  Fair Value  

Balance Sheet Location

  Fair Value

Interest rate swap agreement designated as cash flow hedge

  Other current liabilities   $ 9   Other current liabilities   $ 35
               

Interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges

  Other assets   $ 20   Not applicable   $
               

Foreign currency forward contracts not designated as hedges

  Prepaid expenses and other current assets   $ 3   Other current liabilities   $
               

Effects of Derivative Instruments on Income and Other Comprehensive Income (OCI)

 

    Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Accumulated
OCI on Derivative
(Effective Portion)
    Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into
Income (Effective Portion)
    Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income on Derivative
(Ineffective Portion and Amount Excluded
from Effectiveness Testing)

(in millions)

  Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
  Nine Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
        Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
    Nine Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
        Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
  Nine Months
Ended

February 28,
2010

Cash flow hedges:

               

Interest rate swap

  $ 10   $ 17      Interest
expense
  $ (11   $ (31   Non-operating

income
(expense), net

  $   $
                                             

Net investment hedges:

               

Foreign currency forward contract

  $ 19   $ (41   Not
applicable
  $      $      Non-operating

income
(expense), net

  $   $ 1
                                             

 

    Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Accumulated OCI on
Derivative (Effective
Portion)
 

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)
Reclassified from Accumulated OCI
into Income (Effective Portion)

   

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income on Derivative
(Ineffective Portion and Amount Excluded
from Effectiveness Testing)

(in millions)

  Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2009
 

Three Months

Ended

February 28,

2009

   

Three Months

Ended

February 28,

2009

Cash flow hedges:

         

Interest rate swap

  $ 3   Interest expense   $ (13   Non-operating income (expense), net   $
                       

Net investment hedges:

         

Foreign currency forward contract

  $ 10   Not applicable   $      Non-operating income (expense), net   $ 3
                       

 

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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

     Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in Income on Derivative
   Location and Amount of Gain (Loss) on
Hedged Item Recognized in Income Attributable to
Risk Being Hedged
 

(in millions)

        Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
    Nine Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
        Three Months
Ended
February 28,
2010
   Nine Months
Ended

February 28,
2010
 

Fair value hedges:

                

Interest rate swaps

   Interest expense    $ (7   $ 20    Interest expense    $ 7    $ (20
                                    

 

    

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)

Recognized in Income on Derivative

 

(in millions)

        Three Months
Ended
February 28,

2010
   Nine Months
Ended
February 28,

2010
 

Derivatives not designated as hedges:

        

Foreign currency forward contracts

   Non-operating income (expense), net    $ 22    $ (41
                  

 

    

Location and Amount of Gain (Loss)

Recognized in Income on Derivative

 

(in millions)

        Three Months
Ended

February 28,
2009
 

Derivatives not designated as hedges:

     

Foreign currency forward contracts

   Non-operating income (expense), net    $ (25
           

 

10. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Stock Repurchases

Our Board of Directors has approved a program for us to repurchase shares of our common stock. On October 20, 2008, we announced that our Board of Directors approved the expansion of our repurchase program by $8.0 billion and as of February 28, 2010, approximately $5.5 billion was available for share repurchases pursuant to our stock repurchase program. We repurchased approximately 33.3 million shares for $742 million during the nine months ended February 28, 2010 (including approximately 0.7 million shares for $16 million that were repurchased but not settled at February 28, 2010) and approximately 211.6 million shares for $3.7 billion during the nine months ended February 28, 2009 (including 1.7 million shares for $28 million that were repurchased but not settled at February 28, 2009) under the applicable repurchase programs authorized.

Our stock repurchase authorization does not have an expiration date and the pace of our repurchase activity will depend on factors such as our working capital needs, our cash requirements for acquisitions and dividend payments, our debt repayment obligations or repurchase of our debt, our stock price, and economic and market conditions. Our stock repurchases may be effected from time to time through open market purchases or pursuant to a Rule 10b5-1 plan. Our stock repurchase program may be accelerated, suspended, delayed or discontinued at any time.

Dividends on Common Stock

During the first nine months of fiscal 2010, our Board of Directors declared cash dividends of $0.15 per share of our outstanding common stock, which we paid during the same period.

In March 2010, our Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.05 per share of outstanding common stock payable on May 5, 2010 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on April 14, 2010. Future declarations of dividends and the establishment of future record and payment dates are subject to the final determination of our Board of Directors.

 

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ORACLE CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)

February 28, 2010

(Unaudited)

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense and Valuation of Stock Options and Restricted Stock-Based Awards

Stock-based compensation is included in the following operating expense line items in our condensed consolidated statements of operations:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,

(in millions)

   2010    2009    2010    2009

Sales and marketing

   $ 21    $ 16    $ 57    $ 51

Software license updates and product support

     4      3      12      10

Hardware systems products

     2           2     

Hardware systems support

     1           1     

Services

     4      3      10      9

Research and development

     46      39      122      121

General and administrative

     34      24      96      69

Acquisition related and other

     10      3      10      14
                           

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 122    $ 88    $ 310    $ 274
                           

We estimate the fair value of our share-based payments using the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, which was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options that have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. Option valuation models, including the Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, require the input of assumptions, including stock price volatility. Changes in the input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimates and ultimately how much we recognize as stock-based compensation expense. The fair values of our stock options were estimated at the date of grant or date of acquisition for options assumed in a business combination. The weighted average input assumptions used and resulting fair values were as follows for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009 (the table below includes weighted average input assumptions used and resulting fair values for stock options assumed from our acquisition of Sun on January 26, 2010, which generally had exercise prices that were higher than the fair market value of our stock as of the acquisition date):

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,
     2010    2009    2010    2009

Expected life (in years)

     2.7      4.9      4.7      5.3

Risk-free interest rate

     1.1%      2.1%      2.1%      3.3%

Volatility

     27%      46%      31%      37%

Dividend yield

     0.8%           0.9%     

Weighted-average fair value per share

   $ 1.45    $ 6.76    $ 5.17    $ 7.89

The expected life input is based on historical exercise patterns and post-vesting termination behavior, the risk-free interest rate input is based on United States Treasury instruments and the volatility input is calculated based on the implied volatility of our longest-term, traded options. Our expected dividend yield was zero prior to our first dividend declaration on March 18, 2009 as we did not historically pay cash dividends on our common stock and did not anticipate doing so for the foreseeable future for grants issued prior to March 18, 2009. For grants issued subsequent to March 18, 2009, we used an annualized dividend yield based on the per share dividend declared by our Board of Directors.

 

11. INCOME TAXES

The effective tax rate for the periods presented is the result of the mix of income earned in various tax jurisdictions that apply a broad range of income tax rates. Our provision for income taxes differs from the tax

 

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computed at the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate due primarily to state taxes and earnings considered as indefinitely reinvested in foreign operations. Our effective tax rate was 24.8% and 27.0% for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010, respectively and 26.6% and 27.1% for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2009, respectively.

Our net deferred tax assets increased from $517 million as of November 30, 2009 to $1.9 billion as of February 28, 2010, primarily as a result of our acquisition of Sun. We believe it is more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized in the foreseeable future. Realization of our net deferred tax assets is dependent upon our generation of sufficient taxable income in future years in appropriate tax jurisdictions to obtain benefit from the reversal of temporary differences, net operating loss carryforwards, and tax credit carryforwards. The amount of deferred tax assets considered realizable is subject to adjustment in future periods if estimates of future taxable income change.

As of February 28, 2010, we had $2.9 billion of unrecognized tax benefits recorded on our condensed consolidated balance sheet, which includes $579 million resulting from our acquisition of Sun.

Domestically, U.S. federal and state taxing authorities are currently examining income tax returns of Oracle and various acquired entities for years through fiscal 2007. Our U.S. federal and, with some exceptions, our state income tax returns have been examined for all years prior to fiscal 2000, and we are no longer subject to audit for those periods.

Internationally, tax authorities for numerous non-U.S. jurisdictions are also examining returns affecting unrecognized tax benefits. With some exceptions, we are generally no longer subject to tax examinations in non-U.S. jurisdictions for years prior to fiscal 1998.

We believe that we have adequately provided for any reasonably foreseeable outcomes related to our tax audits and that any settlement will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations; however, there can be no assurances as to the actual outcomes.

We previously negotiated three unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) that cover many of our intercompany transfer pricing issues and preclude the IRS from making a transfer pricing adjustment within the scope of these agreements. These agreements are effective for fiscal years through May 31, 2006. We have submitted to the IRS a request for renewal of this Advance Pricing Agreement for the years ending May 31, 2007 through May 31, 2011. However, these agreements do not cover all elements of our transfer pricing and do not bind tax authorities outside the United States. We have finalized one bilateral Advance Pricing Agreement, which was effective for the years ending May 31, 2002 through May 31, 2006 and we have submitted a renewal for the years ending May 31, 2007 through May 31, 2011. There can be no guarantee that such negotiations will result in an agreement. We concluded an additional bilateral agreement to cover the period from June 1, 2001 through January 25, 2008.

On March 22, 2010, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in Xilinx v. Commissioner, affirmed the Tax Court’s determination that, under prior Treasury regulations, stock-based compensation need not be included in the pool of costs shared under a cost-sharing arrangement. We are currently evaluating the impact that this decision may have to our financial position. However, we believe that it is reasonably possible that we will conclude that we can recognize previously unrecognized tax positions related to this matter resulting in reductions in future tax expense.

 

12. SEGMENT INFORMATION

ASC 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for reporting information about operating segments. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Our chief operating decision maker is our Chief Executive Officer. We are organized geographically and by line of business. While our Chief Executive Officer

 

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evaluates results in a number of different ways, the line of business management structure is the primary basis for which the allocation of resources and financial results are assessed. As a result of our acquisition of Sun in the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we entered into a new hardware systems business with two operating segments as described further below. We have three businesses—software, hardware systems and services—which are further divided into seven operating segments. Our software business is comprised of two operating segments: (1) new software licenses and (2) software license updates and product support. Our hardware systems business is comprised of two operating segments: (1) hardware systems products and (2) hardware systems support. Our services business is comprised of three operating segments: (1) consulting, (2) On Demand and (3) education.

The new software licenses line of business is engaged in the licensing of database and middleware software as well as our applications software. Database and middleware software includes database management software, application server software, business intelligence software, identification and access management software, content management software, portal and user interaction software, Service-Oriented Architecture and business process management software, data integration software and development tools. As a result of our acquisition of Sun in the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we acquired certain software technologies that expanded and enhanced our existing database and middleware software product offerings, including Java, which is a global software development platform used in a wide range of computers, networks and devices. Applications software provides enterprise information that enables companies to manage their business cycles and provide intelligence in functional areas such as customer relationship management, financials, human resources, maintenance management, manufacturing, marketing, order fulfillment, product lifecycle management, enterprise project portfolio management, enterprise performance management, procurement, sales, services, enterprise resource planning and supply chain planning. The software license updates and product support line of business provides customers with rights to unspecified software product upgrades and maintenance releases, internet access to technical content, as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel during the support period.

The hardware systems products line of business consists primarily of computer server and storage product offerings. Most of our computer servers are based on our SPARC family of microprocessors and on Intel Xeon microprocessors. Our servers range from high performance computing servers to cost efficient, entry-level servers, and run with our Solaris Operating System, Linux and certain other operating systems environments. Our storage products are designed to securely manage, protect, archive and restore customers’ data assets and consist of tape, disk and networking solutions for open systems and mainframe server environments. Customers that purchase our hardware systems products may also elect to purchase our hardware systems support offerings. Our hardware systems support offerings provide customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our hardware systems and storage products and can include product repairs, maintenance services, and technical support services.

The consulting line of business primarily provides services to customers in business strategy and analysis, business process simplification, solutions integration and the implementation, enhancement and upgrade of our database, middleware and applications software. On Demand includes Oracle On Demand and Advanced Customer Services. Oracle On Demand provides multi-featured software and hardware management and maintenance services for customers that deploy our database, middleware and applications software at our data center facilities, select partner data centers or customer facilities. Advanced Customer Services provides customers with services to architect, implement and manage customer IT environments including software and hardware systems product management, industry-specific solution support centers and remote and on-site expert services. The education line of business provides instructor-led, media-based and internet-based training in the use of our software and hardware systems products.

We do not track our assets by operating segments. Consequently, it is not practical to show assets by operating segments results.

 

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The following table presents a summary of our businesses’ and operating segments’ results:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,

(in millions)

       2010            2009        2010    2009

New software licenses:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 1,725    $ 1,513    $ 4,401    $ 4,370

Sales and distribution expenses

     962      908      2,722      2,856
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 763    $ 605    $ 1,679    $ 1,514

Software license updates and product support:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 3,323    $ 2,968    $ 9,710    $ 8,924

Software license update and product support expenses

     245      239      696      744
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 3,078    $ 2,729    $ 9,014    $ 8,180

Total software business:

           

Revenues(1) 

   $ 5,048    $ 4,481    $ 14,111    $ 13,294

Expenses

     1,207      1,147      3,418      3,600
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 3,841    $ 3,334    $ 10,693    $ 9,694

Hardware systems products:

           

Revenues

   $ 260    $    $ 260    $

Hardware systems products expenses

     180           180     

Sales and distribution expenses

     71           71     
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 9    $    $ 9    $

Hardware systems support:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 225    $    $ 225    $

Hardware systems support expenses

     106           106     
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 119    $    $ 119    $

Total hardware systems business:

           

Revenues(1) 

   $ 485    $    $ 485    $

Expenses

     357           357     
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 128    $    $ 128    $

Consulting:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 648    $ 754    $ 1,996    $ 2,447

Services expenses

     550      621      1,715      2,060
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 98    $ 133    $ 281    $ 387

On Demand:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 214    $ 191    $ 582    $ 576

Services expenses

     172      134      426      416
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 42    $ 57    $ 156    $ 160

Education:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 74    $ 78    $ 229    $ 296

Services expenses

     57      63      172      216
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 17    $ 15    $ 57    $ 80

Total services business:

           

Revenues(1) 

   $ 936    $ 1,023    $ 2,807    $ 3,319

Services expenses

     779      818      2,313      2,692
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 157    $ 205    $ 494    $ 627

Totals:

           

Revenues(1)

   $ 6,469    $ 5,504    $       17,403    $       16,613

Expenses

     2,343      1,965      6,088      6,292
                           

Margin(2)

   $ 4,126    $ 3,539    $ 11,315    $ 10,321
                           

 

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(1)

Operating segment revenues differ from the external reporting classifications due to certain software license products that are classified as service revenues for management reporting purposes. Software license updates and product support revenues for management reporting included $26 million and $51 million of revenues that we did not recognize in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $49 million and $222 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by Sun as an independent entity, in the amount of $39 million for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010. See Note 8 for an explanation of these adjustments and the following table for a reconciliation of operating segment revenues to total revenues.

 

(2)

The margins reported reflect only the direct controllable costs of each line of business and do not include allocations of product development, information technology, marketing and partner programs, and corporate and general and administrative expenses incurred in support of the lines of business. Additionally, the margins do not reflect the amortization of intangible assets, acquisition related and other expenses, restructuring costs, or stock-based compensation.

The following table reconciles operating segment revenues to total revenues as well as operating segment margin to income before provision for income taxes:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions)

       2010             2009           2010         2009    

Total revenues for reportable segments

   $ 6,469      $ 5,504      $ 17,403      $ 16,613   

Software license updates and product support revenues(1)

     (26     (51     (49     (222

Hardware systems support revenues(1)

     (39            (39       
                                

Total revenues

   $ 6,404      $ 5,453      $ 17,315      $ 16,391   
                                

Total margin for reportable segments

   $ 4,126      $ 3,539      $ 11,315      $ 10,321   

Software license updates and product support revenues(1)

     (26     (51     (49     (222

Hardware systems support revenues(1)

     (39            (39       

Hardware systems products expenses(2)

     (24            (24       

Product development and information technology expenses

     (874     (729     (2,336     (2,194

Marketing and partner program expenses

     (123     (102     (337     (312

Corporate and general and administrative expenses

     (199     (151     (523     (461

Amortization of intangible assets

     (502     (437     (1,369     (1,276

Acquisition related and other

     (34     (27     (50     (98

Restructuring

     (306     (15     (467     (46

Stock-based compensation

     (112     (85     (300     (260

Interest expense

     (186     (154     (553     (471

Non-operating income (expense), net

     (119     22        (100     98   
                                

Income before provision for income taxes

   $ 1,582      $ 1,810      $ 5,168      $ 5,079   
                                

 

(1)

Software license updates and product support revenues for management reporting include $26 million and $51 million of revenues that we did not recognize in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively and $49 million and $222 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by Sun as an independent entity, in the amount of $39 million for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010. See Note 8 for an explanation of these adjustments and this table for a reconciliation of operating segment revenues to total revenues.

 

(2)

Represents the effects of fair value adjustments to our inventories acquired from Sun that were sold to customers in the periods presented. Business combination accounting rules require us to account for inventories assumed from our acquisitions at their fair values. The amount included in hardware systems products expenses above is intended to adjust

 

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these expenses to the hardware systems products expenses that would have been otherwise recorded by Sun as a standalone entity upon the sale of these inventories. If we assume inventories in future acquisitions, we will be required to assess their fair values, which may result in fair value adjustments to those inventories.

 

13. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus the dilutive effect of outstanding stock options and restricted stock-based awards and shares issuable under the employee stock purchase plans using the treasury stock method. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,

(in millions, except per share data)

       2010            2009        2010    2009

Net income

   $ 1,189    $ 1,329    $     3,772    $     3,702
                           

Weighted average common shares outstanding

     5,015      5,005      5,012      5,095

Dilutive effect of employee stock plans

     61      51      55      64
                           

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     5,076      5,056      5,067      5,159
                           

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.24    $ 0.27    $ 0.75    $ 0.73

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.23    $ 0.26    $ 0.74    $ 0.72

Shares subject to anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock-based awards excluded from calculation(1)

     128      185      169      171

 

(1)

These weighted shares relate to anti-dilutive stock options and restricted stock-based awards as calculated using the treasury stock method (described above) and could be dilutive in the future.

 

14. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Securities Class Action

Stockholder class actions were filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against us and our Chief Executive Officer on and after March 9, 2001. Between March 2002 and March 2003, the court dismissed plaintiffs’ consolidated complaint, first amended complaint and a revised second amended complaint. The last dismissal was with prejudice. On September 1, 2004, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed the dismissal order and remanded the case for further proceedings. The revised second amended complaint named our Chief Executive Officer, our then Chief Financial Officer (who currently is Chairman of our Board of Directors) and a former Executive Vice President as defendants. This complaint was brought on behalf of purchasers of our stock during the period from December 14, 2000 through March 1, 2001. Plaintiffs alleged that the defendants made false and misleading statements about our actual and expected financial performance and the performance of certain of our applications products, while certain individual defendants were selling Oracle stock in violation of federal securities laws. Plaintiffs further alleged that certain individual defendants sold Oracle stock while in possession of material non-public information. Plaintiffs also allege that the defendants engaged in accounting violations. On July 26, 2007, defendants filed a motion for summary judgment, and plaintiffs filed a motion for partial summary judgment against all defendants and a motion for summary judgment against our Chief Executive Officer. On August 7, 2007, plaintiffs filed amended versions of these motions. On October 5, 2007, plaintiffs filed a motion seeking a default judgment against defendants or various other sanctions because of defendants’ alleged destruction of evidence. A hearing on all

 

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these motions was held on December 20, 2007. On April 7, 2008, the case was reassigned to a new judge. On June 27, 2008, the court ordered supplemental briefing on plaintiffs’ sanctions motion. On September 2, 2008, the court issued an order denying plaintiffs’ motion for partial summary judgment against all defendants. The order also denied in part and granted in part plaintiffs’ motion for sanctions. The court denied plaintiffs’ request that judgment be entered in plaintiffs’ favor due to the alleged destruction of evidence, and the court found that no sanctions were appropriate for several categories of evidence. The court found that sanctions in the form of adverse inferences were appropriate for two categories of evidence: e-mails from our Chief Executive Officer’s account, and materials that had been created in connection with a book regarding our Chief Executive Officer. The court then denied defendants’ motion for summary judgment and plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment against our Chief Executive Officer and directed the parties to revise and re-file these motions to clearly specify the precise contours of the adverse inferences that should be drawn, and to take these inferences into account with regard to the propriety of summary judgment. The court also directed the parties to address certain legal issues in the briefing.

On October 13, 2008, the parties participated in a court-ordered mediation, which did not result in a settlement. On October 20, 2008, defendants filed a motion for summary judgment, and plaintiffs filed a motion for summary judgment against our Chief Executive Officer. The parties also filed several motions challenging the admissibility of the testimony of various expert witnesses. Opposition briefs were filed on November 17, 2008, and reply briefs were filed on December 12, 2008. A hearing on all these motions was held on February 13, 2009.

On June 16, 2009, the court issued an order granting defendants’ motion for summary judgment and denying plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment against our Chief Executive Officer, and it entered a judgment dismissing the entire case with prejudice. On July 14, 2009, plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal. Plaintiffs filed their opening appellate brief on November 30, 2009. Defendants filed their opposition brief on February 4, 2010, and plaintiffs filed their reply on March 15, 2010. The court has not set a date for oral argument on this appeal. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages plus interest, attorneys’ fees and costs, and equitable and injunctive relief. We believe that we have meritorious defenses against this action, and we will continue to vigorously defend it.

EpicRealm/Parallel Networks Intellectual Property Litigation

On June 30, 2006, we filed a declaratory judgment action against EpicRealm Licensing, LP (“EpicRealm”) in the United States District Court, District of Delaware, seeking a judicial declaration of noninfringement and invalidity of U.S. Patent Nos. 5,894,554 (the ‘554 Patent) and 6,415,335B1 (the ‘335 Patent). We filed the lawsuit following the resolution of an indemnification claim by one of our customers related to EpicRealm’s assertion of the ‘554 Patent and ‘335 Patent against the customer in a patent infringement case in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas.

On April 13, 2007, EpicRealm filed an Answer and Counterclaim in which it: (1) denies our noninfringement and invalidity allegations; (2) alleges that we have willfully infringed, and are willfully infringing, the ‘554 Patent and ‘335 Patent; and (3) requests a permanent injunction, an award of unspecified money damages, interest, attorneys’ fees, and costs. On May 7, 2007, we filed an Answer to EpicRealm’s infringement counterclaim, denying EpicRealm’s infringement allegations and asserting affirmative defenses. In August 2007, the patents-in-suit were sold to Parallel Networks, LLC, which thereafter substituted in as the defendant in place of EpicRealm.

The parties have completed discovery and filed briefing on claim construction and summary judgment motions. A Markman hearing and oral argument on summary judgment motions were held October 3, 2008. A court-ordered mediation was held on October 8, 2008, which did not result in a settlement. On December 4, 2008, the court issued an order granting summary judgment that our Web Cache, Internet Application Server, and RAC Database do not infringe the patents. The court also denied our motion for summary judgment that the patents are

 

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invalid, and denied in part and granted in part Parallel Networks’s motion for summary judgment that certain prior art references do not invalidate the patents through anticipation. Trial was scheduled to begin on January 12, 2009, on issues of invalidity and inequitable conduct. On December 23, 2008, the parties reached an agreement allowing Parallel Networks to immediately appeal the court’s summary judgment order and preserving Oracle’s invalidity and inequitable conduct claims in the event that the matter is remanded for trial at a later time. On January 23, 2009, Parallel Networks filed a notice of appeal. A court-ordered mediation was held on June 1, 2009, which did not result in a settlement. The appellate court heard oral argument on December 10, 2009 after full briefing. The court has not yet issued a ruling. We will continue to pursue this action vigorously.

SAP Intellectual Property Litigation

On March 22, 2007, Oracle Corporation, Oracle USA, Inc. and Oracle International Corporation (collectively, Oracle) filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against SAP AG, its wholly owned subsidiary, SAP America, Inc., and its wholly owned subsidiary, TomorrowNow, Inc., (collectively, the SAP Defendants) alleging violations of the Federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and the California Computer Data Access and Fraud Act, civil conspiracy, trespass, conversion, violation of the California Unfair Business Practices Act, and intentional and negligent interference with prospective economic advantage. Oracle alleged that SAP unlawfully accessed Oracle’s Customer Connection support website and improperly took and used Oracle’s intellectual property, including software code and knowledge management solutions. The complaint seeks unspecified damages and preliminary and permanent injunctive relief. On June 1, 2007, Oracle filed its First Amended Complaint, adding claims for infringement of the federal Copyright Act and breach of contract, and dropping the conversion and separately pled conspiracy claims. On July 2, 2007 the SAP Defendants’ filed their Answer and Affirmative Defenses, acknowledging that TomorrowNow had made some “inappropriate downloads” and otherwise denying the claims alleged in the First Amended Complaint. The parties are engaged in discovery and continue to negotiate a Preservation Order. At case management conferences held on February 12, 2008 and April 24, 2008, Oracle advised the Court that Oracle intended to file a Second Amended Complaint, based on new facts learned during the course of discovery.

On July 28, 2008, Oracle filed a Second Amended Complaint, which added additional allegations based on facts learned during discovery. Among the new allegations contained in the Second Amended Complaint, Oracle alleges that TomorrowNow’s business model relied on illegal copies of Oracle’s underlying software applications and that TomorrowNow used these copies as generic software environments that TomorrowNow then used to create fixes and updates, to service customers and to train employees. The Second Amended Complaint also alleges that these practices may have extended to other Oracle products, including Siebel products.

On October 8, 2008, Oracle filed a Third Amended Complaint pursuant to stipulation. The Third Amended Complaint made some changes relating to the Oracle plaintiff entities (removing Oracle Corporation and adding Oracle Systems Corporation, Oracle EMEA Ltd., and J.D. Edwards Europe Ltd.) but did not change the substantive allegations. On October 15, 2008, the SAP Defendants filed a motion to dismiss portions of the Third Amended Complaint, and after full briefing, the court heard oral argument on November 26, 2008. On December 15, 2008, the court issued an order granting in part and denying in part the motion. The court dismissed with prejudice the claims asserted by plaintiffs JD Edwards Europe Ltd. and Oracle Systems Corporation, and denied the motion in all other respects. The parties are in the process of concluding discovery.

On July 15, 2009, Oracle filed a motion for leave to file a Fourth Amended Complaint to add claims for infringement of Oracle’s Siebel software and database programs. The Court granted Oracle’s motion and Oracle filed its Fourth Amended Complaint on August 18, 2009. The SAP Defendants filed an Answer to Oracle’s Fourth Amended Complaint on August 26, 2009.

 

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On August 26, 2009, the SAP Defendants filed an early motion for summary judgment directed to Oracle’s damages theory. After full briefing, the motion was heard on October 28, 2009. By order dated January 28, 2010, SAP’s motion for partial summary judgment was denied.

On March 3, 2010, the SAP Defendants and Oracle each filed motions for partial summary judgment. Opposition briefs are due March 31, 2010, and reply briefs are due April 14, 2010. The motions for partial summary judgment are scheduled for oral argument on May 5, 2010.

Trial is scheduled to begin on November 1, 2010.

Other Litigation

We are party to various other legal proceedings and claims, either asserted or unasserted, which arise in the ordinary course of business, including proceedings and claims that relate to acquisitions we have completed or to companies we have acquired or are attempting to acquire. While the outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not believe that the outcome of any of these claims or any of the above mentioned legal matters will have a materially adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

We begin Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations with an overview of our key operating business segments and significant trends, including changes to our business as a result of our acquisition of Sun Microsystems, Inc. (Sun) in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. This overview is followed by a summary of our critical accounting policies and estimates that we believe are important to understanding the assumptions and judgments incorporated in our reported financial results. We then provide a more detailed analysis of our results of operations and financial condition.

In addition to historical information, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially. When used in this report, the words “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect our opinions only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to the forward-looking statements after the date of this document. You should carefully review the risk factors described in other documents we file from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2009 and our other Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q filed by us in our fiscal year 2010, which runs from June 1, 2009 to May 31, 2010.

Business Overview

We are the world’s largest enterprise software company. We develop, manufacture, market, distribute and service database and middleware software as well as applications software designed to help our customers manage and grow their business operations. On January 26, 2010, we completed our acquisition of Sun, a provider of hardware systems, software and services, for $7.3 billion. As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we entered into a new hardware systems business. Our hardware systems business consists of two operating segments: hardware systems products and hardware systems support. Our acquisition of Sun also expanded our portfolio of software and services offerings.

We believe our internal, or organic, growth and continued innovation with respect to products and services that we offer as part of our software, hardware systems and services businesses provide the foundation for our long-term strategic plan. We invest billions of dollars in research and development each year to enhance our existing portfolio of products and services and to develop new products, features and services. Our internally developed offerings have been enhanced by our acquisitions.

We are organized into three businesses—software, hardware systems and services—which are further divided into seven operating segments. Each of these operating segments has unique characteristics and faces different opportunities and challenges. Although we report our actual results in U.S. Dollars, we conduct a significant number of transactions in currencies other than U.S. Dollars. Therefore, we present constant currency information to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. An overview of our three businesses and seven operating segments follows.

Software Business

Our software business, which represented 83% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, is comprised of two operating segments: (1) new software licenses and (2) software license updates and product support. On a constant currency basis we expect that our software business revenues generally will continue to increase due to continued demand for our products, including the high percentage of customers that renew their software license update and product support contracts, and due to our acquisitions, which should allow us to grow our profits and continue to make investments in research and development.

New Software Licenses:    We license our database and middleware as well as our applications software to businesses of many sizes, government agencies, educational institutions and resellers.

As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we acquired certain software technologies, including Java, which is a global software development platform used in a wide range of computers, networks and devices.

 

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The growth in new software license revenues that we report is affected by the strength of general economic and business conditions, governmental budgetary constraints, the competitive position of our software products, our acquisitions and foreign currency fluctuations. The substantial majority of our new software license business is also characterized by long sales cycles. The timing of a few large software license transactions can substantially affect our quarterly new software license revenues. Since our new software license revenues in a particular quarter can be difficult to predict as a result of the timing of a few large software license transactions, we believe that analysis of new software license revenues on a trailing 4-quarter period provides additional visibility into the underlying performance of our new software license business. New software license revenues represented 30% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis. Our new software license margins have historically trended upward over the course of the four quarters within a particular fiscal year due to the historical upward trend of our new software license revenues over the corresponding quarterly periods and because our costs are predominantly fixed in the short term for this operating segment. However, our new software license margins have been, and will continue to be, affected by the amortization of intangible assets associated with companies that we have acquired, including Sun.

Software License Updates and Product Support:    Customers that purchase software license updates and product support are granted rights to unspecified product upgrades and maintenance releases issued during the support period, as well as technical support assistance. Substantially all of our customers renew their software license updates and product support contracts annually. The growth of software license updates and product support revenues is primarily influenced by three factors: (1) the percentage of our support contract customer base that renews its support contracts, (2) the amount of new support contracts sold in connection with the sale of new software licenses, and (3) the amount of support contracts assumed from companies we have acquired.

Software license updates and product support revenues, which represented approximately 53% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, is our highest margin business unit. Support margins over the trailing 4-quarters were 85%, and accounted for 83% of our total margins over the same period. Our software license update and product support margins have been affected by fair value adjustments relating to support obligations assumed in business acquisitions (described further below) and by amortization of intangible assets. However, over the longer term, we believe that software license updates and product support revenues and margins will grow for the following reasons:

 

   

substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software license updates and product support contracts when eligible for renewal;

 

   

substantially all of our customers purchase license updates and product support contracts when they buy new software licenses, resulting in a further increase in our support contract base. Even if new software license revenues growth was flat or declined modestly, software license updates and product support revenues would most likely continue to grow in comparison to the corresponding prior year periods assuming renewal and cancellation rates and foreign currency rates remained relatively constant since substantially all new software license transactions add to our support contract base; and

 

   

our acquisitions have increased our support contract base, as well as the portfolio of products available to be licensed and supported.

We record adjustments to reduce support obligations assumed in business combinations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. As a result, as required by business combination accounting rules, we did not recognize software license updates and product support revenues related to support contracts that would have been otherwise recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amount of $26 million and $51 million for the three months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $49 million and $222 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively. To the extent underlying support contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the support contracts over the support periods, the majority of which are one year.

 

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Hardware Systems Business

As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we entered into a new hardware systems business. Our hardware systems business consists of two operating segments: hardware systems products and hardware systems support. Our hardware systems business will add a significant amount of revenues and expenses to our results of operations in comparison to our historical operating results. We expect our hardware systems business to have lower profit margins as a percentage of revenues than our software business due to the incremental costs we incur to produce and distribute these products and to provide support services, including direct materials and labor costs. We expect to make investments in research and development to improve existing hardware systems products or develop new hardware systems products.

To produce our hardware systems products, we rely on both our internal manufacturing operations as well as third party manufacturing partners. Our internal manufacturing operations consist primarily of final assembly, test and quality control of enterprise and data center servers and storage systems. For all other manufacturing, we rely on third party manufacturing partners. We distribute most of our hardware systems products either from our facilities or partner facilities. One of our main goals is to reduce costs by simplifying our manufacturing processes through increased standardization of components across product types, through a reduction of the number of assembly and distribution centers we rely on and through our transition to a “build-to-order” process in which products are built only after customers have placed firm orders. In addition, we are focusing on identifying hardware systems support processes that are intended to proactively identify and solve quality issues and to increase the amount of new support contracts sold in connection with the sales of new hardware systems products.

Hardware Systems Products:    Our hardware systems products consist primarily of computer server and storage product offerings.

Most of our computer servers are based on our SPARC family of microprocessors and on Intel Xeon microprocessors. Our servers range from high performance computing servers to cost efficient, entry-level servers, and run with our Solaris Operating System, Linux and certain other operating systems environments. Our storage products are designed to securely manage, protect, archive and restore customers’ data assets and consist of tape, disk and networking solutions for open systems and mainframe server environments.

Prior to our acquisition of Sun, many of our hardware systems products were sold through indirect channels. We have begun transitioning to a more direct sales model and intend that, at the completion of the transition, our direct sales force will sell more of our hardware systems products, though we plan to continue to sell our products to certain customer segments through indirect channels, including independent distributors and value added resellers. We expect that the proportion of hardware systems products revenues sold by our own sales force will increase over time, which we believe will improve our operating margins for this segment.

Our operating margins for our hardware systems products segment have been and will be affected by the amortization of intangible assets associated with our acquisition of Sun. In addition, business combination accounting rules require us to record acquired inventories at fair value, which generally will result in an unfavorable impact to our expenses and operating margins as we sell these acquired inventories to customers in the post-combination period.

We have limited experience in predicting our quarterly hardware systems products revenues. The timing of customer orders or deliveries with respect to a few large transactions could substantially affect the amount of quarterly hardware systems products revenues and operating margins that we report.

Hardware Systems Support:    Customers that purchase our hardware systems products may also elect to purchase our hardware systems support offerings. Our hardware systems support offerings provide customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our systems and storage products and can include product repairs, maintenance services, and technical support services. Typically, our hardware systems support contract arrangements are invoiced to the customer at the beginning of the support period and are one year in duration. The growth of our hardware systems support revenues is influenced by a number of factors, including the volume of purchases of hardware systems products, the mix of hardware systems products purchased, and the percentage of our hardware systems support contract customer

 

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base that renews its support contracts. All of these factors are heavily influenced by our customers’ decisions to either maintain or upgrade their existing hardware systems’ infrastructure to newly developed technologies that are available.

Our hardware systems support margins have been and will be affected by fair value adjustments relating to hardware systems support obligations assumed through, and by the amortization of intangible assets resulting from, our acquisition of Sun. As required by business combination accounting rules, we recorded adjustments to reduce our hardware systems support revenues for contracts assumed from our acquisition of Sun to their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date by an aggregate of $39 million for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010. This amount would have been recorded as hardware systems support revenues by Sun, as a standalone entity, for the periods presented. To the extent underlying hardware systems support contracts are renewed with us following an acquisition, we will recognize the revenues for the full values of the hardware systems support contracts over the support periods, the majority of which are one year.

Services Business

Our services business consists of consulting, On Demand and education. As a result of our acquisition of Sun in the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we expanded and enhanced our customer base and services offerings, which we believe will increase our revenues and expenses in comparison to recent periods. Our services business, which represented 16% of our total revenues on a trailing 4-quarter basis, has significantly lower margins than our software business and what we expect to achieve from our hardware systems business.

Consulting:    Our consulting line of business primarily provides services to customers in business/IT strategy alignment; business process simplification; solution integration; and product implementation, enhancements, and upgrades of our database, middleware and applications software. The amount of consulting revenues recognized tends to lag the amount of our software and hardware systems products revenues by several quarters since consulting services, if purchased, are typically performed after the purchase of our products. Our consulting revenues are dependent upon general economic conditions and the level of product revenues, in particular the new software license sales of our application products. To the extent we are able to grow our products revenues, in particular our software application product revenues, we would also generally expect to be able to eventually grow our consulting revenues.

On Demand:    On Demand includes Oracle On Demand and our Advanced Customer Services offerings. We believe that our On Demand offerings provide our customers flexibility in how they manage their IT environments and an additional opportunity to lower their total cost of ownership and can therefore provide us with a competitive advantage. As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we increased the volume and breadth of our On Demand services offerings, primarily with additional Advanced Customer Services offerings, including staff augmentation and managed services, to architect, implement and manage customer IT environments. While we have grown the base of customers that purchase certain of our On Demand services through our organic growth and the acquisition of Sun, we continue to focus on managing our expenses to increase our margins and margins as a percentage of our revenues. We have made and plan to continue to make investments in our On Demand business to support current and future revenue growth, which historically has negatively impacted On Demand margins and could do so in the future.

Education:    The purpose of our education services is to further the adoption and usage of our software and hardware systems products by our customers and to create opportunities to grow our software and hardware systems products revenues. Education revenues are impacted by certain of our acquisitions (including our acquisition of Sun), general economic conditions, personnel reductions in our customers’ information technology departments, tighter controls over discretionary spending and greater use of outsourcing solutions. In recent periods, we believe the global economic environment has unfavorably affected customer demand for our education services, which has negatively impacted our revenues and margins.

 

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Acquisitions

An active acquisition program is another important element of our corporate strategy. In recent years, we have invested billions of dollars to acquire a number of complementary companies, products, services and technologies including Sun in fiscal 2010 and BEA Systems, Inc. in fiscal 2008, among others. We believe our acquisition program supports our long-term strategic direction, strengthens our competitive position, expands our customer base, provides greater scale to accelerate innovation, grows our revenues and earnings, and increases stockholder value. We expect to continue to acquire companies, products, services and technologies. See Note 2 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information related to our recent acquisitions.

We believe we can fund our pending and future acquisitions with our internally available cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, cash generated from operations, amounts available under our existing debt capacity, additional borrowings or from the issuance of additional securities. We estimate the financial impact of any potential acquisition with regard to earnings, operating margin, cash flow and return on invested capital targets before deciding to move forward with an acquisition.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) and consider the various staff accounting bulletins and other applicable guidance issued by the SEC. In July 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Codification), which we adopted in our second quarter of fiscal 2010. There were no changes to our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures contained in this Quarterly Report due to the implementation of the Codification, other than changes in reference in this Quarterly Report to the various authoritative accounting pronouncements contained within the Codification.

GAAP, as set forth within the Codification, requires us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. To the extent there are material differences between these estimates, judgments or assumptions and actual results, our financial statements will be affected. The accounting policies that reflect our more significant estimates, judgments and assumptions and which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:

 

   

Revenue Recognition

 

   

Business Combinations

 

   

Goodwill and Intangible Assets—Impairment Assessments

 

   

Accounting for Income Taxes

 

   

Legal and Other Contingencies

 

   

Stock-Based Compensation

 

   

Allowances for Doubtful Accounts

In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting among available alternatives would not produce a materially different result. Our senior management has reviewed these critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Finance and Audit Committee of the Board of Directors.

 

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During the first nine months of fiscal 2010, we adopted certain new accounting pronouncements and accounting standards updates that affected our critical accounting policies and estimates, namely:

 

   

Accounting Standards Update No. 2009-13, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements (ASU 2009-13) and Accounting Standards Update 2009-14, Software (Topic 985)—Certain Revenue Arrangements that Include Software Elements (ASU 2009-14), both of which affected our Revenue Recognition policy (see additional discussion below); and

 

   

Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 805, Business Combinations, which affected our Business Combinations and Accounting for Income Taxes policies. Please refer to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2009 for a more complete discussion.

There were no other significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates in fiscal 2010 other than those noted above and presented below and the aforementioned reference changes resulting from the Codification.

Revenue Recognition

Our sources of revenues prior to our acquisition of Sun were: (1) software, which includes new software license and software license updates and product support revenues, and (2) services, which include consulting, On Demand and education revenues. As a result of our acquisition of Sun on January 26, 2010, our sources of revenues have been expanded to include hardware systems products, which primarily include revenues from the sale of computer servers and storage products, and hardware systems support revenues.

Revenue Recognition for Software Products and Software Related Services (Software Elements)

New software license revenues represent fees earned from granting customers licenses to use our database, middleware and applications software, and exclude revenues derived from software license updates, which are included in software license updates and product support revenues. While the basis for software license revenue recognition is substantially governed by the accounting guidance contained in ASC 985-605, Software-Revenue Recognition, we exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with the determination of the amount of software and services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

For software license arrangements that do not require significant modification or customization of the underlying software, we recognize new software license revenues when: (1) we enter into a legally binding arrangement with a customer for the license of software; (2) we deliver the products; (3) customer payment is deemed fixed or determinable and free of contingencies or significant uncertainties; and (4) collection is probable. Substantially all of our new software license revenues are recognized in this manner.

Substantially all of our software license arrangements do not include acceptance provisions. However, if acceptance provisions exist as part of public policy, for example, in agreements with government entities where acceptance periods are required by law, or within previously executed terms and conditions that are referenced in the current agreement and are short-term in nature, we generally recognize revenues upon delivery provided the acceptance terms are perfunctory and all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. If acceptance provisions are not perfunctory (for example, acceptance provisions that are long-term in nature or are not included as standard terms of an arrangement), revenues are recognized upon the earlier of receipt of written customer acceptance or expiration of the acceptance period.

The vast majority of our software license arrangements include software license updates and product support contracts, which are entered into at the customer’s option and are recognized ratably over the term of the arrangement, typically one year. Software license updates provide customers with rights to unspecified software product upgrades, maintenance releases and patches released during the term of the support period. Product support includes internet access to technical content, as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel. Software license updates and product support contracts are generally priced as a percentage of the net new software license fees. Substantially all of our customers renew their software license updates and product support contracts annually.

 

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Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Software Products and Software Related Services (Software Arrangements)

We often enter into arrangements with customers that purchase both software related products and services from us at the same time, or within close proximity of one another (referred to as software related multiple-element arrangements). Such software related multiple element arrangements include the sale of our software products, software license updates and product support contracts and other software related services whereby software license delivery is followed by the subsequent or contemporaneous delivery of the other elements. For those software related multiple-element arrangements, we have applied the residual method to determine the amount of license revenues to be recognized pursuant to ASC 985-605. Under the residual method, if fair value exists for undelivered elements in a multiple-element arrangement, such fair value of the undelivered elements is deferred with the remaining portion of the arrangement consideration recognized upon delivery of the software license or services arrangement. We allocate the fair values of each element of a software related multiple-element arrangement based upon its fair value as determined by our vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE—described further below), with any remaining amount allocated to the software license.

Revenue Recognition for Hardware Systems Products and Hardware Systems Related Services (Nonsoftware Elements)

Revenues from the sale of hardware systems products represent amounts earned primarily from the sale of computer servers and storage products. Our revenue recognition policy for these nonsoftware deliverables is based upon the accounting guidance contained in ASC 605, Revenue Recognition, and we exercise judgment and use estimates in connection with the determination of the amount of hardware systems products and hardware systems related services revenues to be recognized in each accounting period.

Revenues from the sales of hardware systems products are recognized when: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) we deliver the products and passage of the title to the buyer occurs; (3) the sale price is fixed or determinable; and (4) collection is reasonably assured. Revenues that are not recognized at the time of sale because the foregoing conditions are not met are recognized when those conditions are subsequently met. When applicable, we reduce revenues for estimated returns or certain other incentive programs where we have the ability to sufficiently estimate the effects of these items. Where an arrangement is subject to acceptance criteria and the acceptance provisions are not perfunctory (for example, acceptance provisions that are long-term in nature or are not included as standard terms of an arrangement), revenues are recognized upon the earlier of receipt of written customer acceptance or expiration of the acceptance period.

Our hardware systems support offerings generally provide customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our hardware systems and storage products and can also include product repairs, maintenance services, and technical support services. Hardware systems support contracts are entered into at the customer’s option and are recognized ratably over the contractual term of the arrangement.

Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Hardware Systems Products and Hardware Systems Related Services (Nonsoftware Arrangements)

In the third quarter of fiscal 2010, we early adopted the provisions of ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14. ASU 2009-13 amended existing accounting guidance for revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements. To the extent a deliverable within a multiple-element arrangement is not accounted for pursuant to other accounting standards, including ASC 985-605, Software-Revenue Recognition, ASU 2009-13 establishes a selling price hierarchy that allows for the use of an estimated selling price (ESP) to determine the allocation of arrangement consideration to a deliverable in a multiple element arrangement where neither VSOE nor third-party evidence (TPE) is available for that deliverable. ASU 2009-14 modifies the scope of ASC 985-605 to exclude tangible products containing software components and nonsoftware components that function together to deliver the product’s essential functionality. In addition, ASU 2009-14 provides guidance on how a vendor should allocate arrangement consideration to nonsoftware and software deliverables in an arrangement where the vendor sells tangible products containing software components that are essential in delivering the tangible product’s functionality.

 

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As a result of our early adoption of ASU 2009-13 and ASU 2009-14, we applied the provisions of these accounting standards updates as of the beginning of our fiscal year 2010. The retrospective applications of ASU 2009-13 and 2009-14 as of the beginning of our fiscal year 2010 had no impact to our previously reported results of operations.

We enter into arrangements with customers that purchase both nonsoftware related products and services from us at the same time, or within close proximity of one another (referred to as nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements). Each element within a nonsoftware multiple-element arrangement is accounted for as a separate unit of accounting provided the following criteria are met: the delivered products or services have value to the customer on a standalone basis; and for an arrangement that includes a general right of return relative to the delivered products or services, delivery or performance of the undelivered product or service is considered probable and is substantially controlled by us. We consider a deliverable to have standalone value if the product or service is sold separately by us or another vendor or could be resold by the customer. Further, our revenue arrangements generally do not include a general right of return relative to the delivered products. Where the aforementioned criteria for a separate unit of accounting are not met, the deliverable is combined with the undelivered element(s) and treated as a single unit of accounting for the purposes of allocation of the arrangement consideration and revenue recognition. For those units of accounting which include more than one deliverable but are treated as a single unit of accounting, we generally recognize revenues over the delivery period. For the purposes of revenue classification of the elements that are accounted for as a single unit of accounting, we allocate revenue to hardware system and services based on a rational and consistent methodology utilizing our best estimate of fair value of such elements.

For our nonsoftware multiple-element arrangements, we allocate revenue to each element based on a selling price hierarchy at the arrangement inception. The selling price for each element is based upon the following selling price hierarchy: VSOE if available, TPE if VSOE is not available, or ESP if neither VSOE nor TPE is available (a description as to how we determine VSOE, TPE and ESP is provided below). If a tangible hardware systems product includes software, we determine whether the tangible hardware systems product and the software work together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and, if so, the entire product is treated as a nonsoftware deliverable. The total arrangement consideration is allocated to each separate unit of accounting for each of the nonsoftware deliverables using the relative selling prices of each based on the aforementioned selling price hierarchy. We limit the amount of revenue recognized for delivered elements to an amount that is not contingent upon future delivery of additional products or services or meeting of any specified performance conditions.

To determine the selling price in multiple-element arrangements, we establish VSOE of selling price using the price charged for a deliverable when sold separately and for software license updates and product support and hardware systems support, based on the renewal rates offered to customers. For nonsoftware multiple element arrangements, TPE is established by evaluating similar and interchangeable competitor products or services in standalone arrangements with similarly situated customers. If we are unable to determine the selling price because VSOE or TPE doesn’t exist, we determine ESP for the purposes of allocating the arrangement by considering several external and internal factors including, but not limited to, pricing practices, margin objectives, competition, geographies in which we offer our products and services, internal costs and stage of the product lifecycle. The determination of ESP is made through consultation with and approval by our management, taking into consideration our go-to-market strategy. As our, or our competitors’, pricing and go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify our pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes to our determination of VSOE, TPE and ESP. As a result, our future revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements could differ materially from our results in the current period. Selling prices are analyzed on an annual basis or more frequently if we experience significant changes in our selling prices.

Revenue Recognition Policies Applicable to both Software and Nonsoftware Elements

Revenue Recognition for Multiple-Element Arrangements—Arrangements with Software and Nonsoftware Elements

We also enter into multiple-element arrangements that may include a combination of our various software related and nonsoftware related products and services offerings including hardware systems products, hardware systems support, new software licenses, software license updates and product support, consulting, On Demand and education. In such arrangements, we first allocate the total arrangement consideration based on the relative selling prices of the software group of elements as a whole and to the nonsoftware elements. We then further

 

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allocate consideration within the software group to the respective elements within that group following the guidance in ASC 985-605 and our policies described above. After the arrangement consideration has been allocated to the elements, we account for each respective element in the arrangement as described above.

Other Revenue Recognition Policies Applicable to Software and Nonsoftware Elements

Many of our software arrangements include consulting implementation services sold separately under consulting engagement contracts and are included as a part of our services business. Consulting revenues from these arrangements are generally accounted for separately from new software license revenues because the arrangements qualify as services transactions as defined in ASC 985-605. The more significant factors considered in determining whether the revenues should be accounted for separately include the nature of services (i.e. consideration of whether the services are essential to the functionality of the licensed product), degree of risk, availability of services from other vendors, timing of payments and impact of milestones or acceptance criteria on the realizability of the software license fee. Revenues for consulting services are generally recognized as the services are performed. If there is a significant uncertainty about the project completion or receipt of payment for the consulting services, revenues are deferred until the uncertainty is sufficiently resolved. We estimate the proportional performance on contracts with fixed or “not to exceed” fees on a monthly basis utilizing hours incurred to date as a percentage of total estimated hours to complete the project. If we do not have a sufficient basis to measure progress towards completion, revenues are recognized when we receive final acceptance from the customer. When total cost estimates exceed revenues, we accrue for the estimated losses immediately using cost estimates that are based upon an average fully burdened daily rate applicable to the consulting organization delivering the services. The complexity of the estimation process and factors relating to the assumptions, risks and uncertainties inherent with the application of the proportional performance method of accounting affects the amounts of revenues and related expenses reported in our consolidated financial statements. A number of internal and external factors can affect our estimates, including labor rates, utilization and efficiency variances and specification and testing requirement changes.

On Demand is comprised of Oracle On Demand and Advanced Customer Services and is a part of our services business. Oracle On Demand services are offered as standalone arrangements or as a part of arrangements to customers buying new software licenses or hardware systems products and services. Our On Demand services provide multi-featured software and hardware management and maintenance services for our software and hardware systems products delivered at our data center facilities, select partner data centers or customer facilities. Advanced Customer Services provide customers with services to architect, implement and manage customer IT environments including software and hardware systems product management services, industry-specific solution support centers and remote and on-site expert services. Depending upon the nature of the arrangement, revenues from On Demand services are recognized as services are performed or ratably over the term of the service period, which is generally one year or less.

Education revenues are a part of our services business and include instructor-led, media-based and internet-based training in the use of our software and hardware systems products. Education revenues are recognized as the classes or other education offerings are delivered.

If an arrangement contains multiple elements and does not qualify for separate accounting for the product and service transactions, then new software license revenues and/or hardware systems products revenues, including the costs of hardware systems products, are generally recognized together with the services based on contract accounting using either the percentage-of-completion or completed-contract method. Contract accounting is applied to any bundled software, hardware systems and services arrangements: (1) that include milestones or customer specific acceptance criteria that may affect collection of the software license or hardware systems product fees; (2) where consulting services include significant modification or customization of the software or hardware systems product; (3) where significant consulting services are provided for in the software license contract or hardware systems product contract without additional charge or are substantially discounted; or (4) where the software license or hardware systems product payment is tied to the performance of consulting services. For the purposes of revenue classification of the elements that are accounted for as a single unit of accounting, we allocate revenues to software and nonsoftware elements based on a rational and consistent methodology utilizing our best estimate of fair value of such elements.

 

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We also evaluate arrangements with governmental entities containing “fiscal funding” or “termination for convenience” provisions, when such provisions are required by law, to determine the probability of possible cancellation. We consider multiple factors, including the history with the customer in similar transactions, the “essential use” of the software or hardware systems products and the planning, budgeting and approval processes undertaken by the governmental entity. If we determine upon execution of these arrangements that the likelihood of cancellation is remote, we then recognize revenues once all of the criteria described above have been met. If such a determination cannot be made, revenues are recognized upon the earlier of cash receipt or approval of the applicable funding provision by the governmental entity.

We assess whether fees are fixed or determinable at the time of sale and recognize revenues if all other revenue recognition requirements are met. Our standard payment terms are net 30 days. However, payment terms may vary based on the country in which the agreement is executed. Payments that are due within six months are generally deemed to be fixed or determinable based on our successful collection history on such arrangements, and thereby satisfy the required criteria for revenue recognition.

While most of our arrangements for sales within our software and hardware systems businesses include short-term payment terms, we have a standard practice of providing long-term financing to creditworthy customers through our financing division. Since fiscal 1989, when our financing division was formed, we have established a history of collection, without concessions, on these receivables with payment terms that generally extend up to five years from the contract date. Provided all other revenue recognition criteria have been met, we recognize new software license revenues and hardware systems products revenues for these arrangements upon delivery, net of any payment discounts from financing transactions. We have generally sold receivables financed through our financing division on a non-recourse basis to third party financing institutions and we classify the proceeds from these sales as cash flows from operating activities in our consolidated statements of cash flows. We account for the sales of these receivables as “true sales” as defined in ASC 860, Transfers and Servicing.

In addition, we sell hardware systems products to leasing companies that, in turn, lease these products to end-users. In transactions where the leasing companies have no recourse to us in the event of default by the end-user, we recognize revenue at point of shipment or point of delivery, depending on the shipping terms and if all the other revenue recognition criteria have been met. In arrangements where the leasing companies have more than insignificant recourse to us in the event of default by the end-user (defined as recourse leasing), we recognize both the product revenue and the related cost of the product as the payments are made to the leasing company by the end-user, generally ratably over the lease term.

Our customers include several of our suppliers and on rare occasion, we have purchased goods or services for our operations from these vendors at or about the same time that we have sold our products to these same companies (Concurrent Transactions). Software license agreements or sales of hardware systems that occur within a three-month time period from the date we have purchased goods or services from that same customer are reviewed for appropriate accounting treatment and disclosure. When we acquire goods or services from a customer, we negotiate the purchase separately from any sales transaction, at terms we consider to be at arm’s length, and settle the purchase in cash. We recognize new software license revenues or hardware systems products revenues from Concurrent Transactions if all of our revenue recognition criteria are met and the goods and services acquired are necessary for our current operations.

Results of Operations

Impact of Acquisitions

The comparability of our operating results in the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010 compared with the same periods in fiscal 2009 is impacted by our acquisitions, primarily our acquisition of Sun in the third quarter of fiscal 2010.

In our discussion of changes in our results of operations from the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010 compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, we quantify the contribution of our acquired products (for acquisitions that were completed since the beginning of the third quarter of fiscal 2009) to the growth in new software license revenues, software license updates and product support revenues, hardware

 

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systems products revenues and hardware systems support revenues. We also are able to quantify the total incremental expenses associated with our hardware systems products and hardware systems support segments. The incremental contributions of our acquisitions to our other businesses and operating segments’ revenues and expenses are not provided as they either were not separately identifiable due to the integration of these operating segments into our existing operations and/or were insignificant to our results of operations for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010.

We caution readers that, while pre- and post-acquisition comparisons as well as the quantified amounts themselves may provide indications of general trends, the information has inherent limitations for the following reasons:

 

   

the quantifications cannot address the substantial effects attributable to changes in business strategies, including our sales force integration efforts. We believe that if our acquired companies had operated independently and sales forces had not been integrated, the relative mix of products sold would have been different; and

 

   

although substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software license updates and product support contracts when the contracts are eligible for renewal and we intend to focus our efforts on renewing hardware systems support contracts, the amounts shown as software license updates and product support deferred revenues and hardware systems products deferred revenues in our supplemental disclosure related to certain charges (presented below) are not necessarily indicative of revenue improvements we will achieve upon contract renewal to the extent customers do not renew.

Seasonality

Our quarterly revenues have historically been affected by a variety of seasonal factors, including the structure of our sales force incentive compensation plans, which are common in the technology industry. The operating margins of our businesses are affected by seasonal factors in a similar manner as our revenues (in particular, our new software licenses business) as certain expenses within our cost structure are relatively fixed in the short term.

Constant Currency Presentation

Our international operations have provided and will continue to provide a significant portion of our total revenues and expenses. As a result, total revenues and expenses including our non-operating income and expenses, will continue to be affected by changes in the U.S. Dollar against major international currencies. In order to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying businesses performed excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, we compare the percent change in the results from one period to another period in this Quarterly Report using constant currency disclosure. To present this information, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than U.S. Dollars are converted into U.S. Dollars at constant exchange rates (i.e. the rates in effect on May 31, 2009, which was the last day of our prior fiscal year) rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during the respective periods. For example, if an entity reporting in Euros had revenues of 1.0 million Euros from products sold on February 28, 2010 and February 28, 2009, our financial statements would reflect reported revenues of $1.36 million in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 (using 1.36 as the month-end average exchange rate for the period) and $1.27 million in the first nine months of fiscal 2009 (using 1.27 as the month-end average exchange rate for the period). The constant currency presentation would translate the results for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009 using the May 31, 2009 exchange rate and indicate, in this example, no change in revenues during the period. In each of the tables below, we present the percent change based on actual, unrounded results in reported currency and in constant currency.

 

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Total Revenues and Operating Expenses

 

    Three Months Ended February 28,   Nine Months Ended February 28,
        Percent Change           Percent Change    

(Dollars in millions)

  2010   Actual   Constant   2009   2010   Actual   Constant   2009

Total Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

  $ 3,284   15%   12%   $ 2,846   $ 8,934   6%   5%   $ 8,437

EMEA(1)

    2,167   19%   12%     1,824     5,785   5%   3%     5,535

Asia Pacific(2)

    953   22%   12%     783     2,596   7%   1%     2,419
                               

Total revenues

    6,404   17%   12%     5,453     17,315   6%   4%     16,391

Total Operating Expenses

    4,561   30%   26%     3,513     11,553   5%   5%     10,955
                               

Total Operating Margin

  $ 1,843   -5%   -12%   $ 1,940   $ 5,762   6%   2%   $ 5,436
                               

Total Operating Margin %

    29%         36%     33%         33%

% Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

    51%         52%     52%         51%

EMEA

    34%         33%     33%         34%

Asia Pacific

    15%         15%     15%         15%

Total Revenues by Business:

               

Software

  $ 5,015   13%   8%   $ 4,433   $ 14,060   7%   5%   $ 13,081

Hardware Systems

    458   *   *         458   *   *    

Services

    931   -9%   -13%     1,020     2,797   -15%   -17%     3,310
                               

Total revenues

  $     6,404   17%   12%   $     5,453   $     17,315   6%   4%   $     16,391
                               

% Revenues by Business:

               

Software

    78%         81%     81%         80%

Hardware Systems

    7%         0%     3%         0%

Services

    15%         19%     16%         20%

 

(1)

Comprised of Europe, the Middle East and Africa

 

(2)

Asia Pacific includes Japan

 

*

Not meaningful

Fiscal Third Quarter 2010 Compared to Fiscal Third Quarter 2009:    Our operating results for the third quarter of fiscal 2010 were favorably impacted by the weakening of the U.S. Dollar relative to other major international currencies. These favorable currency variances resulted in an increase to our total revenues of 5 percentage points during the third quarter of fiscal 2010. On a constant currency basis, total revenues for the third quarter of fiscal 2010 increased due to $543 million of revenues from our acquisition of Sun, primarily in our hardware systems business, an increase in our new software license revenues resulting from growth in our database and middleware and applications products revenues and an increase in software license updates and product support revenues. These constant currency increases were partially offset by a constant currency decrease of 13% in our services business, which we believe was caused by weaker demand for IT services due to the deterioration in global economic conditions in recent quarters. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the Americas contributed 53%, EMEA contributed 33% and APAC contributed 14% to our growth in total revenues.

Total operating expenses were unfavorably affected by foreign currency rate fluctuations of 4 percentage points in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the 26% increase in total operating expenses in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 was due to additional operating expenses incurred as a result of our acquisition of Sun, including increased expenses pertaining to hardware systems products sold, additional employee related expenses, and an increase in intangible asset amortization. In addition, we also incurred increased restructuring expenses resulting from our Sun Restructuring Plan and legacy Oracle-based restructuring plans.

 

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Excluding the effects of favorable foreign currency variations of 7 percentage points, total operating margin and total operating margin as a percentage of total revenues decreased during the third quarter of fiscal 2010 due to the post-combination contributions from our acquisition of Sun as our total expenses, primarily related to our hardware systems business, restructuring and amortization of intangible assets, grew at a faster rate than our total revenues.

First Nine Months Fiscal 2010 Compared to First Nine Months Fiscal 2009:    Excluding the favorable effects of foreign currency rate fluctuations of 2 percentage points, total revenues increased in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 due to growth in our total software revenues and our additional revenues resulting from entry into the hardware systems business, partially offset by a decrease in our total services revenues. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the Americas contributed 70%, EMEA contributed 28% and APAC contributed 2% to our total revenues growth.

The increase in our total operating expenses during the first nine months of fiscal 2010 was due to the reasons noted above, partially offset by expense reductions in our legacy Oracle-based operations including reductions in our services business, reductions to bad debt expenses due to improved collections and reductions to travel expenses due to cost management initiatives.

On a constant currency basis, our operating margin increased modestly during the first nine months of fiscal 2010 as our total revenues exceeded our total expenses. However, on a constant currency basis our operating margin as a percentage of revenues declined slightly due to the post-combination contributions from our acquisition of Sun, which increased our total expenses at a faster rate than our total revenues.

Supplemental Disclosure Related to Certain Charges

To supplement our consolidated financial information we believe the following information is helpful to an overall understanding of our past financial performance and prospects for the future. You should review the introduction under “Impact of Acquisitions” (above) for a discussion of the inherent limitations in comparing pre- and post-acquisition information.

Our operating results include the following business combination accounting adjustments and expenses related to acquisitions as well as certain other significant expense items:

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
    Nine Months Ended
February 28,
 

(in millions)

   2010     2009     2010     2009  

Software license updates and product support deferred revenues(1)

   $ 26      $ 51      $ 49      $ 222   

Hardware systems support deferred revenues(1)

     39               39          

Hardware systems products expenses(2)

     24               24          

Amortization of intangible assets(3)

     502        437        1,369        1,276   

Acquisition related and other(4)(6) 

     34        27        50        98   

Restructuring(5)

     306        15        467        46   

Stock-based compensation(6)

     112        85        300        260   

Income tax effects(7)

     (287     (164     (624     (535
                                
   $ 756      $ 451      $ 1,674      $ 1,367   
                                

 

(1)

In connection with purchase price allocations related to our acquisitions, we have estimated the fair values of software support and hardware systems support obligations assumed. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, we did not recognize software license updates and product support revenues related to support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by the acquired businesses as independent entities in the amounts of $26 million and $51 million for the three months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and $49 million and $222 million for the nine months ended February 28, 2010 and 2009, respectively. In addition, we did not recognize hardware systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts that would have otherwise been recorded by Sun as an independent entity in the amount of $39 million for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010.

Approximately $35 million, $60 million and $25 million of estimated software license updates and product support revenues related to support contracts assumed will not be recognized during the remainder of fiscal 2010, fiscal 2011 and fiscal 2012, respectively, that would have otherwise been recognized by the acquired businesses as independent entities due to the application of these business combination accounting rules. In addition, approximately $89 million, $148 million, $35 million and $11 million of estimated hardware

 

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systems support revenues related to hardware systems support contracts assumed will not be recognized during the remainder of fiscal 2010, fiscal 2011, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2013, respectively, that would have otherwise been recognized by Sun as an independent entity. To the extent customers renew these support contracts, we expect to recognize revenues for the full contract value over the support renewal period.

 

(2)

Represents the effects of fair value adjustments to our inventories acquired from Sun that were sold to customers in the periods presented. Business combination accounting rules require us to account for inventories assumed from our acquisitions at their fair values. The amount included in hardware systems products expenses above is intended to adjust these expenses to the hardware systems products expenses that would have been otherwise recorded by Sun as a standalone entity upon the sale of these inventories. If we acquire inventories in future acquisitions, we will be required to assess their fair values, which may result in fair value adjustments to those inventories.

 

(3)

Represents the amortization of intangible assets acquired in connection with our acquisitions, primarily Sun Microsystems, Inc., BEA Systems, Inc., Hyperion Solutions Corporation, Siebel Systems, Inc. and PeopleSoft, Inc. As of February 28, 2010, estimated future amortization expenses related to intangible assets were as follows (in millions):

 

Remainder of Fiscal 2010

   $         609

Fiscal 2011

     2,259

Fiscal 2012

     1,988

Fiscal 2013

     1,620

Fiscal 2014

     1,340

Fiscal 2015

     1,006

Thereafter

     631
      

Total intangible assets subject to amortization

     9,453

In-process research and development

     415
      

Total

   $         9,868
      

 

(4)

Acquisition related and other expenses primarily consist of personnel related costs for transitional and certain other employees, stock-based compensation expenses, integration related professional services, certain business combination adjustments after the measurement period or purchase price allocation period has ended, and certain other operating expenses, net. As a result of our adoption of ASC 805, Business Combinations, as of the beginning of fiscal 2010, certain acquisition related and other expenses are now recorded as expenses in our statements of operations that had been historically included as a part of the consideration transferred and capitalized as a part of our accounting for acquisitions pursuant to previous accounting rules, primarily direct transaction costs such as professional services fees (see further discussion in “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2009).

 

(5)

Restructuring expenses during the first nine months of fiscal 2010 relate to $232 million of Oracle employee severance and facility exit costs, substantially in connection with our Fiscal 2009 Oracle Restructuring Plan that was initiated in the third quarter of fiscal 2009, and amended in the first quarter of fiscal 2010. In addition, we also incurred $235 million of restructuring expenses in connection with our Sun Restructuring Plan that was initiated in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Restructuring expenses during the first nine months of fiscal 2009 relate to costs incurred pursuant to the Fiscal 2009 Oracle Restructuring Plan and the Fiscal 2008 Oracle Restructuring Plan. As a result of our fiscal 2010 adoption of ASC 805, Business Combinations, in connection with any acquisition that we close prospectively, we will record involuntary termination and other exit costs associated with the acquisition to restructuring expenses, which is a change in the required accounting in comparison to prior year periods (see further discussion in “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended May 31, 2009).

 

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(6)

Stock-based compensation is included in the following operating expense line items of our condensed consolidated statements of operations (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
February 28,
   Nine Months Ended
February 28,
     2010    2009    2010    2009

Sales and marketing

   $               21    $               16    $               57    $               51

Software license updates and product support

     4      3      12      10

Hardware systems products

     2           2     

Hardware systems support

     1           1     

Services

     4      3      10      9

Research and development

     46      39      122      121

General and administrative

     34      24      96      69
                           

Subtotal

     112      85      300      260

Acquisition related and other

     10      3      10      14
                           

Total stock-based compensation

   $ 122    $ 88    $ 310    $ 274
                           

Stock-based compensation included in acquisition related and other expenses resulted from unvested stock options and restricted stock-based awards assumed from acquisitions whose vesting was accelerated upon termination of the employees pursuant to the terms of those stock options and restricted stock-based awards.

 

(7)

The income tax effects presented in the table above were calculated as if the above described charges were not included in our results of operations for each of the respective periods presented. Income tax effects were calculated based on the applicable jurisdictional tax rates applied to the charges and resulted in an effective tax rate of 25.9% and 26.6% for the third quarter of fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively, and 27.1% and 27.4% for the first nine months of fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively. The differences in the income tax rates for the fiscal third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010 in comparison to the income tax rates derived per our condensed consolidated statements of operations were due to differences in jurisdictional tax rates and the related tax benefits attributable to our restructuring expenses. The difference in the income tax rate for the first nine months of fiscal 2009 in comparison to the income tax rate derived per our condensed consolidated statement of operations was due to the exclusion of the effect of an adjustment to our non-current deferred tax liability associated with acquired intangible assets.

Software Business

Our software business consists of our new software licenses segment and software license updates and product support segment.

New Software Licenses:    New software license revenues primarily represent fees earned from granting customers licenses to use our database and middleware as well as our application software products. We continue to place significant emphasis, both domestically and internationally, on direct sales through our own sales force. We also continue to market our products through indirect channels. Sales and marketing expenses for new software licenses are largely personnel related and include commissions earned by our sales force for the sale of our software products, and also include marketing program costs and amortization of intangible assets.

 

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    Three Months Ended February 28,   Nine Months Ended February 28,
        Percent Change           Percent Change    

(Dollars in millions)

  2010   Actual   Constant   2009   2010   Actual   Constant   2009

New Software License Revenues:

               

Americas

  $ 823   22%   18%   $ 673   $ 2,096   7%   5 %   $ 1,959

EMEA

    590   3%   -2%     571     1,452   -6%   -10%     1,548

Asia Pacific

    305   12%   4%     272     851   -2%   -9%     872
                               

Total revenues

    1,718   13%   8%     1,516     4,399   0%   -3%     4,379

Expenses:

               

Sales and marketing(1)

    1,145   10%   5%     1,038     3,203   -2%   -3%     3,261

Stock-based compensation

    21   29%   29%     16     57   10%   10%     51

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    196   -7%   -7%     211     610   0%   0%     608
                               

Total expense

    1,362   8%   4%     1,265     3,870   -1%   -2%     3,920
                               

Total Margin

  $ 356   41%   26%   $ 251   $ 529   15%   -5%   $ 459
                               

Total Margin %

    21%         17%     12%         10%

% Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

    48%         44%     48%         45%

EMEA

    34%         38%     33%         35%

Asia Pacific

    18%         18%     19%         20%

Revenues by Product:

               

Database and middleware

  $ 1,241   11%   5%   $ 1,120   $ 3,127   -2%   -5%   $ 3,184

Applications

    477   21%   15%     396     1,272   6%   4%     1,195
                               

Total new software license revenues

  $ 1,718   13%   8%   $ 1,516   $ 4,399   0%   -3%   $ 4,379
                               

% Revenues by Product:

               

Database and middleware

    72%         74%     71%         72%

Applications

    28%         26%     29%         28%

 

(1)

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2)

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

Fiscal Third Quarter 2010 Compared to Fiscal Third Quarter 2009:    New software license revenues were favorably affected by foreign currency rate fluctuations of 5 percentage points in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total new software license revenues increased by 8% in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 due to improved demand for our database and middleware and applications products across the Americas and Asia Pacific regions, which grew by 18% and 4%, respectively, and by increased revenues from our acquisitions.

Excluding the effect of favorable currency rate fluctuations of 6 percentage points, database and middleware revenues increased 5% in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 due to improved demand and incremental revenues from our recent acquisitions. In reported currency, our acquisition of Sun contributed $46 million and other recent acquisitions contributed $34 million to the growth in our database and middleware revenues during the third quarter of fiscal 2010. In constant currency, database and middleware revenues decreased by 5% on a trailing 4-quarter basis due to weaker global economic conditions that we believe impacted or delayed customers’ purchasing decisions, including decreases in revenues from certain customers that embed our technology in or resell our product with their own products as these vendors’ own revenues decreased.

Excluding the effect of favorable currency rate fluctuations of 6 percentage points, applications new software license revenues increased by 15% in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 due to improved demand across our major applications product lines. In constant currency, applications new software license revenues decreased by 2% in the trailing 4-quarter period.

 

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In reported currency, new software license revenues earned from transactions over $0.5 million increased by 17% in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 and represented 47% of our new software license revenues in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 in comparison to 46% in the third quarter of fiscal 2009.

Total new software license sales and marketing expenses were unfavorably impacted by 4 percentage points of currency variations during the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total sales and marketing expenses increased in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 primarily due to higher variable compensation expenses resulting from higher revenues and higher operating expenses from our acquisition of Sun. These expense increases were partially offset by a net reduction in our developed and core technology intangible asset amortization as certain of our legacy intangible assets became fully amortized in the current fiscal quarter and by a modest decline in salary expenses resulting from certain headcount reductions in our legacy operations.

Our new software license segment’s operating margin was impacted by 15 percentage points of favorable currency variations during the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effects of currency rate fluctuations, total new software license margin and margin as a percentage of revenues increased as our revenues grew faster than our expenses.

First Nine Months Fiscal 2010 Compared to First Nine Months Fiscal 2009:    Excluding the effect of favorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 3 percentage points, total new software license revenues decreased by 3% in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 due to lower revenues in the first half of fiscal 2010, which we believe were the result of weaker global economic conditions, partially offset by revenue increases in our third quarter of fiscal 2010 and incremental revenues from our acquisitions. In reported currency, our acquisition of Sun and other recently acquired products contributed $46 million and $70 million, respectively, to our database and middleware revenues in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 and our recently acquired products contributed $31 million to our applications revenues. In reported currency, new software license revenues earned from transactions over $0.5 million increased by 4% in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 and represented 48% of new software license revenues in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 in comparison to 46% in the first nine months of fiscal 2009.

Excluding the effect of unfavorable foreign currency rate fluctuations, total new software license sales and marketing expenses decreased due to a reduction in salaries expenses primarily during the first half of fiscal 2010 and lower travel and entertainment and marketing communication expenses as a result of cost management initiatives. These expense decreases were partially offset by increased operating expenses from our acquisition of Sun. Excluding the effect of favorable foreign currency rate fluctuations of 20 percentage points, new software license margin and margin as a percentage of revenues decreased as our revenues decreased at a slightly faster rate than our expenses.

Software License Updates and Product Support:    Software license updates grant customers rights to unspecified software product upgrades and maintenance releases issued during the support period. Product support includes internet access to technical content as well as internet and telephone access to technical support personnel in our global support centers. Expenses associated with our software license updates and product support line of business include the cost of providing the support services, largely personnel related expenses, and the amortization of our intangible assets associated with software support contracts and customer relationships obtained from acquisitions.

 

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    Three Months Ended February 28,   Nine Months Ended February 28,
        Percent Change           Percent Change    

(Dollars in millions)

  2010   Actual   Constant   2009   2010   Actual   Constant   2009

Software License Updates and Product Support Revenues:

               

Americas

  $ 1,801   9%   6%   $ 1,656   $ 5,230   9%   9%   $ 4,788

EMEA

    1,069   18%   10%     904     3,189   12%   11%     2,846

Asia Pacific

    427   20%   10%     357     1,242   16%   9%     1,068
                               

Total revenues

    3,297   13%   8%     2,917     9,661   11%   10%     8,702

Expenses:

               

Software license updates and product support(1)

    277   9%   5%     253     759   -3%   -5%     785

Stock-based compensation

    4   37%   37%     3     12   27%   27%     10

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    207   -3%   -3%     213     634   1%   1%     628
                               

Total expenses

    488   4%   1%     469     1,405   -1%   -2%     1,423
                               

Total Margin

  $ 2,809   15%   9%   $ 2,448   $ 8,256   13%   12%   $ 7,279
                               

Total Margin %

    85%         84%     85%         84%

% Revenues by Geography:

               

Americas

    55%         57%     54%         55%

EMEA

    32%         31%     33%         33%

Asia Pacific

    13%         12%     13%         12%

 

(1)

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2)

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

Fiscal Third Quarter 2010 Compared to Fiscal Third Quarter 2009:    The growth in our software license updates and product support revenues was favorably affected by foreign currency rate fluctuations of 5 percentage points in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, software license updates and product support revenues increased in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 as a result of new software licenses sold (with substantially all customers electing to purchase support contracts) during the trailing 4-quarter period, the renewal of substantially all of the customer base eligible for renewal in the first nine months of the current fiscal year and incremental revenues from recent acquisitions. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, the Americas contributed 44%, EMEA contributed 41% and Asia Pacific contributed 15% to the increase in software license updates and product support revenues.

In reported currency, software license updates and product support revenues in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 included incremental revenues of $11 million from our acquisition of Sun and $4 million from our other recently acquired companies. As a result of our acquisitions, we recorded adjustments to reduce support obligations assumed to their estimated fair values at the acquisition dates. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, software license updates and product support revenues related to support contracts in the amounts of $26 million and $51 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities were not recognized in the third quarter of fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively. Historically, substantially all of our customers, including customers from acquired companies, renew their software support contracts when such contracts are eligible for renewal. To the extent these underlying support contracts are renewed, we will recognize the revenues for the full value of these contracts over the support periods, the substantial majority of which are one year in duration.

Total software license updates and product support expenses were unfavorably impacted by 3 percentage points of currency variations during the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, growth in software license updates and product support expenses was attributable to higher operating expenses partly resulting from our acquisition of Sun. These expense increases were partially offset by a reduction in bad debt expenses from improved cash collections and a net reduction in core technology intangible asset amortization as certain of our legacy intangible assets became fully amortized in the current fiscal quarter.

 

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Excluding the effect of currency rate fluctuations, total software license updates and product support margin and margin as a percentage of revenues increased as our revenues grew at a faster rate than our expenses.

First Nine Months Fiscal 2010 Compared to First Nine Months Fiscal 2009:    On a constant currency basis, the growth in our software license updates and product support revenues is primarily attributable to the same reasons as noted above. On a constant currency basis, the Americas contributed 50%, EMEA contributed 38% and Asia Pacific contributed 12% to the increase in software license updates and product support revenues. Software license updates and product support revenues in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 included revenues of $11 million from our acquisition of Sun and incremental contributions of $47 million from other recently acquired companies. Software license updates and product support revenues related to support contracts in the amounts of $49 million and $222 million that would have been otherwise recorded by our acquired businesses as independent entities, were not recognized in the first nine months of fiscal 2010 and 2009, respectively, due to business combination accounting rules.

On a constant currency basis, software license updates and product support expenses decreased due to reductions in our bad debt expenses from improved collections during the first nine months of fiscal 2010, which were partially offset by an increase in salary expenses from increased headcount, including headcount assumed from Sun. Total software license updates and product support margin and margin as a percentage of revenues increased for a similar reason as noted above.

Hardware Systems Business

As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we entered into a new hardware systems business. Our hardware systems business consists of two operating segments: hardware systems products and hardware systems support. Our hardware systems business will add a significant amount of revenues and expenses to our results of operations in comparison to our historical operating results. Our hardware systems business has lower margins than our software business due to the incremental costs we incur in order to produce and distribute our hardware systems products and related support services, including direct materials and labor costs.

Hardware Systems Products:    Hardware systems products revenues are primarily generated from the sales of our computer server and storage products. We market and sell our hardware systems products through our direct sales force and indirect channels such as independent distributors and value added resellers. Operating expenses associated with our hardware systems products include the cost of hardware systems products, which consist of expenses for materials and labor used to produce these products by our internal manufacturing operations or by third party manufacturers, warranty expenses and the impact of periodic changes in inventory valuation, including the impact of inventory determined to be excess and obsolete. Operating expenses associated with our hardware systems products also include sales and marketing expenses, which are largely personnel related and include commissions earned by our sales force for the sales of our hardware systems products, and amortization of intangible assets.

 

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     Three and Nine Months Ended February 28,
           Percent Change     

(Dollars in millions)

   2010     Actual    Constant    2009

Hardware Systems Products Revenues:

          

Americas

   $ 131      *    *    $  —

EMEA

     95      *    *     

Asia Pacific

     47      *    *     
                    

Total revenues

     273      *    *     

Expenses:

          

Hardware systems products(1)

     204      *    *     

Sales and marketing(1)

     75      *    *     

Stock-based compensation

     2      *    *     

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

     60      *    *     
                    

Total expenses

     341      *    *     
                    

Total Margin

   $ (68   *    *    $
                    

Total Margin %

     -25%              *

% Revenues by Geography:

          

Americas

     48%              *

EMEA

     35%              *

Asia Pacific

     17%              *

 

(1)

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2)

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

 

* Not meaningful

Hardware systems products revenues and expenses for the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 resulted from our acquisition of Sun on January 26, 2010.

Hardware systems products revenues totaled $273 million during the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and were net of $41 million of revenue deferrals resulting from shipments for which all of our revenue recognition criteria had not been met.

Our hardware systems products expenses totaled $206 million during the three and nine months ended February 28, 2010 and were unfavorably affected by $24 million of fair value adjustments made pursuant to ASC 805, Business Combinations, for inventories we assumed from Sun and sold to customers in the post-combination period.

Sales and marketing expenses were attributable primarily to personnel related costs resulting from our acquisition of Sun, including salaries, variable compensation, and travel and entertainment expenses. In addition, we incurred amortization of intangible assets that we acquired as a result of our acquisition of Sun.

Hardware Systems Support:    Our hardware systems support offerings provide customers with software updates for the software components that are essential to the functionality of our hardware systems and storage products and can include product repairs, maintenance services, and technical support services. Expenses associated with our hardware systems support operating segment include the cost of materials used to repair customer products, the cost of providing support services, largely personnel related expenses, and the amortization of our intangible assets associated with hardware systems support contracts and customer relationships obtained from the Sun acquisition.

 

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     Three and Nine Months Ended February 28,
          Percent Change     

(Dollars in millions)

   2010    Actual    Constant    2009

Hardware Systems Support Revenues:

           

Americas

   $ 66    *    *    $  —

EMEA

     85    *    *     

Asia Pacific

     34    *    *     
                   

Total revenues

     185    *    *     

Expenses:

           

Hardware systems support(1)

     115    *    *     

Stock-based compensation

     1    *    *     

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

     24    *    *     
                   

Total expenses

     140    *    *     
                   

Total Margin

   $ 45    *    *    $
                   

Total Margin %

     24%            *

% Revenues by Geography:

           

Americas

     36%            *

EMEA

     46%            *

Asia Pacific

     18%            *

 

(1)

Excluding stock-based compensation

 

(2)

Included as a component of ‘Amortization of Intangible Assets’ in our condensed consolidated statements of operations

 

* Not meaningful

Hardware systems support revenues and expenses for the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010 resulted from our acquisition of Sun.

Our hardware systems support revenues were attributable to hardware systems support contracts that we assumed through our acquisition of Sun and, to a lesser extent, support contracts that were purchased or renewed by customers in the post-combination period. As a result of our acquisition of Sun, we recorded adjustments to reduce assumed hardware systems support obligations to their estimated fair values at the acquisition date. Due to our application of business combination accounting rules, hardware systems support revenues related to support contracts in the amount of $39 million that would have been otherwise recorded by Sun as an independent entity were not recognized in the third quarter and first nine months of fiscal 2010. To the extent these underlying support contracts are renewed, we will recognize the revenues for the full value of these contracts over the support periods.

Hardware systems support expenses were attributable to cost of materials used to repair customer products and personnel related costs, including salaries, variable compensation, and travel and entertainment expenses. We also incurred amortization of intangible assets related to this operating segment.

Services Business

Our services business consists of our consulting, On Demand and education segments.

Consulting:    Consulting revenues are primarily earned by providing services to customers in the design, implementation, deployment and upgrade of our database and middleware software products as well as applications software products. The cost of providing consulting services consists primarily of employee and external contractor related expenditures.

 

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    Three Months Ended February 28,   Nine Months Ended February 28,
        Percent Change           Percent Change    

(Dollars in millions)

  2010   Actual   Constant   2009   2010   Actual   Constant   2009

Consulting Revenues:

               

Americas

  $ 323   -15%   -17%   $ 378   $ 1,018   -19%   -19%   $ 1,252

EMEA

    236   -13%   -19%     271     708   -19%   -20%     872

Asia Pacific

    92   -15%   -23%     109     280   -18%   -23%     341
                               

Total revenues

    651   -14%   -18%     758     2,006   -19%   -20%     2,465

Expenses:

               

Services(1)

    576   -10%   -14%     640     1,798   -16%   -17%     2,131

Stock-based compensation

    2   -11%   -11%     2     5   0%   0%     5

Amortization of intangible assets(2)

    10   -2%   -2%     10     29   -7%   -7%     30
                               

Total expenses

    588