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EX-21 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex21.htm
EX-23 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex23.htm
EX-32.1 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex32-1.htm
EX-32.2 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex32-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex31-2.htm
EX-18.1 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex18-1.htm
EX-10.19 - CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPv176922_ex10-19.htm

  

  

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



 

FORM 10-K



 

 
x   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2009

 
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File No. 0-28190



 

CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant As Specified in Its Charter)

 
Maine   01-0413282
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 
2 Elm Street, Camden, ME   04843
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (207) 236-8821



 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 
Title of Each Class   Name of Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, without par value   The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None



 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter periods that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last day of the Registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $239,304,337. Shares of the Registrant’s common stock held by each executive officer, director and person who beneficially own 5% or more of the Registrant’s outstanding common stock have been excluded, in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of March 10, 2010 is: Common Stock: 7,653,780.

Listed hereunder are documents incorporated by reference and the relevant Part of the Form 10-K into which the document is incorporated by reference:

(1) Certain information required in response to Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III of this Form 10-K are incorporated by reference from Camden National Corporation’s Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Shareholders pursuant to Regulation 14A of the General Rules and Regulations of the Commission.
 

 


 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CAMDEN NATIONAL CORPORATION
2009 FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT
  
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
  Page
PART I
        

Item 1.

Business

    1  

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

    11  

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

    15  

Item 2.

Properties

    15  

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

    16  

Item 4.

[RESERVED]

    16  
PART II
        

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

    17  

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

    19  

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    20  

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

    42  

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

    43  

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    87  

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

    87  

Item 9B.

Other Information

    87  
PART III
        

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

    88  

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

    88  

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

    88  

Item 13.

Certain Relationships, Related Transactions and Director Independence

    88  

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

    88  
PART IV
        

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

    89  
Signatures     91  

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The discussions set forth below and in the documents we incorporate by reference herein contain certain statements that may be considered forward-looking statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We may make written or oral forward-looking statements in other documents we file with the Securities Exchange Commission, in our annual reports to shareholders, in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by our officers, directors or employees. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “assume,” “will,” “should” and other expressions which predict or indicate future events or trends and which do not relate to historical matters. You should not rely on forward-looking statements, because they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. These risks, uncertainties and other factors may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Camden National Corporation to be materially different from the anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

Some of the factors that might cause these differences include, but are not limited to, the following:

general, national, regional or local economic conditions which are less favorable than anticipated, including continued global recession, impacting the performance our investment portfolio, quality of credits or the overall demand for services;
changes in loan default and charge-off rates could affect the allowance for credit losses;
declines in the equity and financial markets which could result in impairment of goodwill;
reductions in deposit levels could necessitate increased and/or higher cost borrowing to fund loans and investments;
declines in mortgage loan refinancing, equity loan and line of credit activity which could reduce net interest and non-interest income;
changes in the domestic interest rate environment and inflation, as substantially all of our assets and virtually all of the liabilities are monetary in nature;
changes in carrying value of investment securities and other assets;
further actions by the U.S. government and Treasury Department, similar to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation conservatorship, which could have a negative impact on the Company’s investment portfolio and earnings;
misalignment of our interest-bearing assets and liabilities;
increases in loan repayment rates affecting interest income and the value of mortgage servicing rights;
changing business, banking, or regulatory conditions or policies, or new legislation affecting the financial services industry, that could lead to changes in the competitive balance among financial institutions, restrictions on bank activities, changes in costs (including deposit insurance premiums), increased regulatory scrutiny, declines in consumer confidence in depository institutions, or changes in the secondary market for bank loan and other products; and
changes in accounting rules, Federal and State laws, IRS regulations, and other regulations and policies governing financial holding companies and their subsidiaries which may impact our ability to take appropriate action to protect our financial interests in certain loan situations.

You should carefully review all of these factors, and be aware that there may be other factors that could cause differences, including the risk factors listed in Item 1A. Risk Factors, beginning on page 11. Readers should carefully review the risk factors described therein and should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements.

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These forward-looking statements were based on information, plans and estimates at the date of this report, and we do not promise to update any forward-looking statements to reflect changes in underlying assumptions or factors, new information, future events or other changes.

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PART I

Item 1. Business

Overview.  Camden National Corporation (hereafter referred to as “we,” “our,” “us,” or the “Company”) is a publicly-held bank holding company, with $2.2 billion in assets at December 31, 2009, incorporated under the laws of the State of Maine and headquartered in Camden, Maine. The Company, as a diversified financial services provider, pursues the objective of achieving long-term sustainable growth by balancing growth opportunities against profit, while mitigating risks inherent in the financial services industry. The primary business of the Company and its subsidiaries is to attract deposits from, and to extend loans to, consumer, institutional, municipal, non-profit and commercial customers. The Company makes its commercial and consumer banking products and services available directly and indirectly through its subsidiary, Camden National Bank (“Bank”), and the Bank’s division, Union Trust, and its brokerage and insurance services through Acadia Financial Consultants (“Acadia Financial”). The Company also provides wealth management, trust and employee benefit products and services through its subsidiary, Acadia Trust, N.A. (“Acadia Trust”), a federally regulated, non-depository trust company headquartered in Portland, Maine. In addition to serving as a holding company, the Company provides managerial, operational, human resource, marketing, financial management, risk management and technology services to its subsidiaries. The Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company accompanying this Form 10-K include the accounts of the Company, the Bank and its divisions, and Acadia Trust. All inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

On January 3, 2008, the Company acquired all of the outstanding common stock of Union Bankshares Company of Ellsworth, Maine, including its principal wholly-owned subsidiary, Union Trust Company. Immediately after the acquisition, Union Trust Company was merged into the Bank. The financial results of Union Bankshares Company are included in the Company’s results beginning on the January 3, 2008 acquisition date.

Descriptions of the Company and the Company’s Subsidiaries

The Company.  Following is a timeline of major recent events of the Company:

In January 1985, the Company was founded following a corporate reorganization in which the shareholders of the Bank exchanged shares of the Bank stock for shares in the Company, at which time it became the Bank’s parent.
In December 1995, the Company merged with UnitedCorp, a bank holding company, and acquired 100% of United Bank and 51% of the outstanding stock of the Trust Company of Maine, Inc.
On December 20, 1999, the Company acquired KSB Bancorp, Inc., a publicly-held, bank holding company with one principal subsidiary, Kingfield Savings Bank.
On February 4, 2000, United Bank and Kingfield Savings Bank were merged to form UnitedKingfield Bank.
On July 19, 2001, the Company acquired Acadia Trust and Gouws Capital Management, Inc., which was merged into AT on December 31, 2001.
On October 24, 2001, the Company acquired the remaining minority interest in Trust Company of Maine, Inc.
On January 1, 2003, Trust Company of Maine, Inc. merged with Acadia Trust, with Acadia Trust remaining as the surviving entity.
On September 30, 2006, UnitedKingfield Bank was merged into the Bank.
On January 3, 2008 the Company acquired Union Bankshares Company, Maine, including its principal wholly-owned subsidiary, Union Trust Company.

As of December 31, 2009, the Company’s securities consisted of one class of common stock, no par value, of which there were 7,644,837 shares outstanding held of record by approximately 1,400 shareholders.

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Such number of record holders does not reflect the number of persons or entities holding stock in nominee name through banks, brokerage firms and other nominees, which is estimated to be 3,500 shareholders.

The Company is a bank holding company (“BHC”) registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the “BHCA”), and is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB”).

Camden National Bank.  The Bank, a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, is a national banking association chartered under the laws of the United States and having its principal office in Camden, Maine. Originally founded in 1875, the Bank became a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company as a result of the January 1985 corporate reorganization. The Bank offers its products and services in the Maine counties of Androscoggin, Cumberland, Franklin, Knox, Lincoln, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Somerset, Waldo and York, and focuses primarily on attracting deposits from the general public through its branches, and then using such deposits to originate residential mortgage loans, commercial business loans, commercial real estate loans and a variety of consumer loans. Customers may also access the Bank’s products and services using other channels, including the Bank’s website located at www.camdennational.com. The Bank is a member bank of the Federal Reserve System and is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”). The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) insures the deposits of the Bank up to the maximum amount permitted by law.

Union Trust, a Division of Camden National Bank.  As a result of the acquisition of Union Trust, the Bank operates nine Union Trust branches located throughout Hancock and Washington counties, Maine, and a website located at www.uniontrust.com, with the same business purposes as the Bank branches.

Acadia Financial Consultants, a Division of Camden National Bank.  Acadia Financial is a full-service brokerage and insurance division of the Bank, which is in the business of helping clients meet all their financial needs by using a total wealth management approach. Its financial offerings include college, retirement, and estate planning, mutual funds, Strategic Asset Management accounts, and variable and fixed annuities.

Acadia Trust, N.A.  Acadia Trust, a direct, wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, is a national banking association chartered under the laws of the United States with a limited purpose trust charter, and has its principal office in Portland, Maine, and a website located at www.acadiatrust.com. Acadia Trust provides a broad range of trust, trust-related, investment and wealth management services, in addition to retirement and pension plan management services, to both individual and institutional clients. The financial services provided by Acadia Trust complement the services provided by the Bank by offering customers investment management services. Acadia Trust is a member bank of the Federal Reserve System and is subject to supervision, regulation and examination by the OCC as well as to supervision, examination and reporting requirements under the BHC Act and the regulations of the FRB.

Competition.  Through the Bank and its divisions Union Trust and Acadia Financial, the Company competes throughout the State of Maine, and considers its primary market areas to be in Hancock, Knox, Waldo, Penobscot, Washington and Androscoggin counties, with a growing presence in Cumberland, Lincoln and York counties. The combined population of the two primary counties of Knox and Waldo is approximately 80,000 people and their economies are based primarily on tourism and fishing and supported by a substantial population of retirees. The Bank’s downeast, central and western Maine markets are characterized as rural areas, with the exception of Bangor and Lewiston, which have populations of approximately 32,000 and 36,000 respectively. Major competitors in the Company’s market areas include local branches of large regional bank affiliates and brokerage houses, as well as local independent banks, financial advisors, thrift institutions and credit unions. Other competitors for deposits and loans within the Bank’s primary market areas include insurance companies, money market funds, consumer finance companies and financing affiliates of consumer durable goods manufacturers.

The Company and its banking subsidiary generally have been able to effectively compete with other financial institutions by emphasizing customer service, which it has branded the Camden National Experience, including local decision-making, establishing long-term customer relationships, building customer loyalty and providing products and services designed to meet the needs of customers. No assurance can be given,

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however, that in the future, the Company and its banking subsidiary will continue to be able to effectively compete with other financial institutions. The Company, through its non-bank subsidiary, Acadia Trust, competes for trust, trust-related, investment management, retirement and pension plan management services with local banks and non-banks, which may now, or in the future, offer a similar range of services, as well as with a number of brokerage firms and investment advisors with offices in the Company’s market area. In addition, most of these services are widely available to the Company’s customers by telephone and over the internet through firms located outside the Company’s market area.

The Company’s Philosophy.  The Company is committed to the philosophy of serving the financial needs of customers in local communities, as described in its core purpose: Through each interaction, we will enrich the lives of people, help businesses succeed and vitalize communities. The Company, through the Bank, has branches that are located in communities within the Company’s geographic market areas. The Company believes that its comprehensive retail, small business and commercial loan products enable the Bank to effectively compete. No single person or group of persons provides a material portion of the Company’s deposits, the loss of any one or more of which would have a materially adverse effect on the business of the Company, and no material portion of the Company’s loans are concentrated within a single industry or group of related industries.

The Company’s Growth.  The Company has achieved a five-year compounded annual asset growth rate of 7.9%, resulting in $2.2 billion in total assets as of the end of 2009. The primary factors contributing to the growth were the acquisition of Union Trust, increases in security investments and retail lending activities at the Bank. The financial services industry continues to experience consolidations through mergers that could create opportunities for the Company to promote its value proposition to customers. The Company evaluates the possibility of expansion into new markets through both de novo expansion and acquisitions. In addition, the Company is focused on maximizing the potential for growth in existing markets, especially in markets where the Company has less of a presence.

The Company’s Employees.  The Company employs approximately 421 people on a full- or part-time basis, which calculates into 394 people on a full-time equivalent basis. The Company’s management measures the corporate culture every 12 months and is pleased with the most recent rating, which came in as a “positive” culture, signifying that employees understand and support the overall Company objectives and strategies. In 2009, the Company was named one of the top two “Best Places to Work in Maine” in the large-size category (200 or more employees) by ModernThink, a workplace excellence firm. There are no known disputes between management and employees.

The Company’s Employee Incentives.  All Company employees are eligible for participation in the Company’s performance-based incentive compensation program and Retirement Savings 401(k) Plan, while certain officers of the Company may also participate in various components of the Company’s 2003 Stock Option Plan, Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan, Postretirement Medical Plan, Defined Contribution Retirement Plan, Executive Incentive Compensation Program, Deferred Compensation Plan and Long-term Incentive Plan.

Supervision and Regulation

The business in which the Company and its subsidiaries are engaged is subject to extensive supervision, regulation and examination by various federal regulatory agencies (the “Agencies”), including the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “FRB”) and the OCC. The Bank, is also subject to regulation under the laws of the State of Maine and the jurisdiction of the Maine Bureau of Financial Institutions. State and federal banking laws generally have as their principal objective either the maintenance of the safety and soundness of financial institutions and the federal deposit insurance system or the protection of consumers or classes of consumers, and depositors in particular, rather than the specific protection of shareholders. Set forth below is a brief description of certain laws and regulations that relate to the regulation of the Company and its banking subsidiaries. In response to the deterioration of the financial markets in 2008, comprehensive financial regulatory reform proposals are pending in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate which may be adopted in whole or in part in 2010. These proposals would restructure the regulatory regime for financial institutions and impose significant additional requirements and restrictions on banks and bank holding companies. To the extent the following material describes statutory or regulatory provisions; it is

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qualified in its entirety by reference to the particular statute or regulation. Any change in applicable law or regulation may have a material effect on the Company’s business and operations, as well as those of its subsidiaries.

Bank Holding Company — Activities and Other Limitations.  As a BHC, the Company is subject to regulation under the BHCA. In addition, the Company is subject to examination and supervision by the FRB, and is required to file reports with, and provide additional information requested by, the FRB. The enforcement powers available to federal banking regulators include, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions against banking organizations and institution-affiliated parties. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of law and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with regulatory authorities. Under certain circumstances, federal and state law requires public disclosure and reports of certain criminal offenses and also enforcement actions by the Agencies.

Under the BHCA, the Company may not generally engage in activities or acquire more than 5% of any class of voting securities of any company which is not a bank or BHC, and may not engage directly or indirectly in activities other than those of banking, managing or controlling banks or furnishing services to its subsidiary banks, except that it may engage in and may own shares of companies engaged in certain activities the FRB determined to be so closely related to banking or managing and controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. However, a BHC that has elected to be treated as a “financial holding company” may engage in activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complementary to such financial activities, as determined by the FRB alone, or together with the Secretary of the Department of the Treasury. The Company has not elected “financial holding company” status. Under certain circumstances, the Company may be required to give notice to or seek approval of the FRB before engaging in activities other than banking.

The Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (“Riegle-Neal”) permits adequately or well capitalized and adequately or well managed BHCs, as determined by the FRB, to acquire banks in any state subject to certain concentration limits and other conditions. Riegle-Neal also generally authorizes the interstate merger of banks. In addition, among other things, Riegle-Neal permits banks to establish new branches on an interstate basis provided that the law of the host state specifically authorizes such action. However, as a BHC, we are required to obtain prior FRB approval before acquiring more than 5% of a class of voting securities, or substantially all of the assets, of a BHC, bank or savings association.

The Change in Bank Control Act prohibits a person or group of persons from acquiring “control” of a BHC, such as the Company, unless the FRB has been notified and has not objected to the transaction. Under a rebuttable presumption established by the FRB, the acquisition of 10% or more of a class of voting securities of a BHC with a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act would, under the circumstances set forth in the presumption, constitute acquisition of control of the BHC. In addition, a company is required to obtain the approval of the FRB under the BHCA before acquiring 25% (5% in the case of an acquirer that is a BHC) or more of any class of outstanding voting securities of a BHC, or otherwise obtaining control or a “controlling influence” over that BHC. In September 2008, the FRB released guidance on minority investment in banks which relaxed the presumption of control for investments of greater than 10% of a class of outstanding voting securities of a BHC in certain instances discussed in the guidance.

Activities and Investments of National Banking Associations.  National banking associations must comply with the National Bank Act and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the OCC, which limit the activities of national banking associations to those that are deemed to be part of, or incidental to, the “business of banking.” Activities that are part of, or incidental to, the business of banking include taking deposits, borrowing and lending money and discounting or negotiating paper. Subsidiaries of national banking associations generally may only engage in activities permissible for the parent national bank.

Bank Holding Company Support of Subsidiary Banks.  Under FRB policy, a BHC is expected to act as a source of financial and managerial strength to each of its subsidiaries and to commit resources to their support. This support may be required at times when the BHC may not have the resources to provide it. Similarly, under the cross-guarantee provisions of Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (the “FDIA”), the FDIC can hold any FDIC-insured depository institution liable for any loss suffered or anticipated by the

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FDIC in connection with (1) the “default” of a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution; or (2) any assistance provided by the FDIC to a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution “in danger of default.”

Transactions with Affiliates.  Under Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation W promulgated thereunder, there are various legal restrictions on the extent to which a BHC and its nonbank subsidiaries may borrow, obtain credit from or otherwise engage in “covered transactions” with its FDIC-insured depository institution subsidiaries. Such borrowings and other covered transactions by an insured depository institution subsidiary (and its subsidiaries) with its nondepository institution affiliates are limited to the following amounts: in the case of one such affiliate, the aggregate amount of covered transactions of the insured depository institution and its subsidiaries cannot exceed 10% of the capital stock and surplus of the insured depository institution; and in the case of all affiliates, the aggregate amount of covered transactions of the insured depository institution and its subsidiaries cannot exceed 20% of the capital stock and surplus of the insured depository institution. “Covered transactions” are defined by statute for these purposes to include a loan or extension of credit to an affiliate, a purchase of or investment in securities issued by an affiliate, a purchase of assets from an affiliate unless exempted by the FRB, the acceptance of securities issued by an affiliate as collateral for a loan or extension of credit to any person or company, or the issuance of a guarantee, acceptance, or letter of credit on behalf of an affiliate. Covered transactions are also subject to certain collateral security requirements. Further, a BHC and its subsidiaries are prohibited from engaging in certain tying arrangements in connection with any extension of credit, lease or sale of property of any kind, or furnishing of any service.

Declaration of Dividends.  According to its Policy Statement on Cash Dividends Not Fully Covered by Earnings (the “FRB Dividend Policy”), the FRB considers adequate capital to be critical to the health of individual banking organizations and to the safety and stability of the banking system. Of course, one of the major components of the capital adequacy of a bank or a BHC is the strength of its earnings, and the extent to which its earnings are retained and added to capital or paid to shareholders in the form of cash dividends. Accordingly, the FRB Dividend Policy suggests that banks and BHCs generally should not maintain their existing rate of cash dividends on common stock unless the organization’s net income available to common shareholders over the past year has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends, and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. The FRB Dividend Policy reiterates the FRB’s belief that a BHC should not maintain a level of cash dividends to its shareholders that places undue pressure on the capital of bank subsidiaries, or that can be funded only through additional borrowings or other arrangements that may undermine the BHC’s ability to serve as a source of strength.

Under Maine law, a corporation’s board of directors may declare, and the corporation may pay, dividends on its outstanding shares, in cash or other property, generally only out of the corporation’s unreserved and unrestricted earned surplus, or out of the unreserved and unrestricted net earnings of the current fiscal year and the next preceding fiscal year taken as a single period, except under certain circumstances, including when the corporation is insolvent, or when the payment of the dividend would render the corporation insolvent or when the declaration would be contrary to the corporation’s charter.

Dividend payments by national banks, such as the Bank, also are subject to certain restrictions. For instance, national banks generally may not declare a dividend in excess of the bank’s undivided profits and, absent OCC approval, if the total amount of dividends declared by the national bank in any calendar year exceeds the total of the national bank’s retained net income of that year to date combined with its retained net income for the preceding two years. National banks also are prohibited from declaring or paying any dividend if, after making the dividend, the national bank would be considered “undercapitalized” (defined by reference to other OCC regulations). Federal bank regulatory agencies have authority to prohibit banking institutions from paying dividends if those agencies determine that, based on the financial condition of the bank, such payment would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice. The FDIC has the authority to use its enforcement powers to prohibit a bank from paying dividends if, in its opinion, the payment of dividends would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice. Federal law also prohibits the payment of dividends by a bank that will result in the bank failing to meet its applicable capital requirements on a pro forma basis.

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Capital Requirements.  The FRB and the FDIC have issued substantially similar risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to United States banking organizations. In addition, the Agencies may from time to time require that a banking organization maintain capital above the minimum levels, whether because of its financial condition or actual or anticipated growth.

The FRB risk-based guidelines define a three-tier capital framework. Tier 1 capital includes common shareholders’ equity and qualifying preferred stock, less goodwill and other adjustments. Tier 2 capital consists of preferred stock not qualifying as Tier 1 capital, mandatory convertible debt, limited amounts of subordinated debt, other qualifying term debt and the allowance for loan losses up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets. Tier 3 capital includes subordinated debt that is unsecured, fully paid, has an original maturity of at least two years, is not redeemable before maturity without prior approval by the FRB and includes a lock-in clause precluding payment of either interest or principal if the payment would cause the issuing bank’s risk-based capital ratio to fall or remain below the required minimum. The sum of Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital less investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries represents qualifying total capital. Risk-based capital ratios are calculated by dividing Tier 1 and total capital by risk-weighted assets. Assets and off-balance sheet exposures are assigned to one of four categories of risk-weights, based primarily on relative credit risk. The minimum Tier 1 capital ratio is 4% and the minimum total capital ratio is 8%. The Company’s Tier 1 capital ratio as of December 31, 2009 equaled 12.24%.

The leverage ratio is determined by dividing Tier 1 capital by adjusted average total assets. Although the stated minimum ratio is 3%, as a matter of policy the actual minimum is 100 to 200 basis points above 3%. Banking organizations must maintain a ratio of at least 5% to be classified as “well capitalized.” The Company’s leverage ratio as of December 31, 2009 was 8.17%.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (the “FDICIA”), among other things, identifies five capital categories for insured depository institutions (well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized) and requires the Agencies to implement systems for “prompt corrective action” for insured depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements within such categories. The FDICIA imposes progressively more restrictive constraints on operations, management and capital distributions, depending on the category in which an institution is classified. Failure to meet the capital guidelines could also subject a banking institution to capital raising requirements. An “undercapitalized” bank must develop a capital restoration plan and its parent holding company must guarantee that bank’s compliance with the plan. The liability of the parent holding company under any such guarantee is limited to the lesser of 5% of the bank’s assets at the time it became “undercapitalized” or the amount needed to comply with the plan. Furthermore, in the event of the bankruptcy of the parent holding company, such guarantee would take priority over the parent’s general unsecured creditors. In addition, the FDICIA requires the Agencies to prescribe certain non-capital standards for safety and soundness relating generally to operations and management, asset quality and executive compensation, and permits regulatory action against a financial institution that does not meet such standards.

The Agencies have adopted substantially similar regulations that define the five capital categories identified by the FDICIA using the total risk-based capital, Tier 1 risk-based capital and leverage capital ratios as the relevant capital measures. Such regulations establish various degrees of corrective action to be taken when an institution is considered undercapitalized. Under the regulations, a bank generally shall be deemed to be:

“well capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10.0% or greater, has a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.0% or greater, has a leverage ratio of 5.0% or greater and is not subject to any written agreement, order, capital directive or prompt corrective action directive;
“adequately capitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 8.0% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.0% or greater, has a leverage ratio of 4.0% or greater (3.0% under certain circumstances) and does not meet the definition of “well capitalized;”
“undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 8.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 4.0% or a leverage ratio that is less than 4.0% (3.0% under certain circumstances);

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“significantly undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 6.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 3.0% or a leverage ratio that is less than 3.0%; and
“critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%.

Regulators also must take into consideration (1) concentrations of credit risk; (2) interest rate risk (when the interest rate sensitivity of an institution’s assets does not match the sensitivity of its liabilities or its off-balance-sheet position); and (3) risks from non-traditional activities, as well as an institution’s ability to manage those risks, when determining the adequacy of an institution’s capital. This evaluation will be made as a part of the institution’s regular safety and soundness examination. In addition, the Company, and any bank with significant trading activity, must incorporate a measure for market risk into their regulatory capital calculations.

At December 31, 2009, the Company’s subsidiary bank was deemed to be a “well capitalized” institution for the above purposes. The Agencies may raise capital requirements applicable to banking organizations beyond current levels. The Company is unable to predict whether higher capital requirements will be imposed and, if so, at what levels and on what schedules. Therefore, the Company cannot predict what effect such higher requirements may have on it. As is discussed above, the Company’s subsidiary bank would be required to remain a well capitalized institution at all times if the Company elected to be treated as an FHC.

Information concerning the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to capital requirements is incorporated by reference from Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, the section entitled “Capital Resources,” and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, the section entitled Note 19, Regulatory Capital Requirements.

An institution generally must file a written capital restoration plan which meets specified requirements with an appropriate federal banking agency within 45 days of the date that the institution receives notice or is deemed to have notice that it is undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized or critically undercapitalized. An institution which is required to submit a capital restoration plan must concurrently submit a performance guaranty by each company that controls the institution. A critically undercapitalized institution generally is to be placed in conservatorship or receivership within 90 days unless the federal banking agency determines to take such other action (with the concurrence of the FDIC) that would better protect the deposit insurance fund. Immediately upon becoming undercapitalized, the institution becomes subject to the provisions of Section 38 of the FDIA, including for example, (i) restricting payment of capital distributions and management fees, (ii) requiring that the appropriate federal banking agency monitor the condition of the institution and its efforts to restore its capital, (iii) requiring submission of a capital restoration plan, (iv) restricting the growth of the institution’s assets and (v) requiring prior approval of certain expansion proposals.

The Company and the Bank do not currently expect to calculate their capital requirements and ratios under Basel II, an international standard regarding how much capital banks need to guard against financial and operational risks banks face, or in accordance with the Standardized Approach Proposal, which sets out specific risk weights for certain types of credit risk.

Other Regulatory Requirements

Customer Information Security.  The Agencies have adopted final guidelines for establishing standards for safeguarding nonpublic personal information about customers. These guidelines implement provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (the “GLBA”), which establishes a comprehensive framework to permit affiliations among commercial banks, insurance companies, securities firms, and other financial service providers by revising and expanding the BHCA framework. Specifically, the Information Security Guidelines established by the GLBA require each financial institution, under the supervision and ongoing oversight of its Board of Directors or an appropriate committee thereof, to develop, implement and maintain a comprehensive written information security program designed to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer information, to protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such information and to protect against unauthorized access to or use of such information that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to any customer. The federal banking regulators have issued guidance for banks on response

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programs for unauthorized access to customer information. This guidance, among other things, requires notice to be sent to customers whose “sensitive information” has been compromised if unauthorized use of this information is “reasonably possible.” A majority of states have enacted legislation concerning breaches of data security and Congress is considering federal legislation that would require consumer notice of data security breaches.

Privacy.  The GLBA requires financial institutions to implement policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of nonpublic personal information about consumers to nonaffiliated third parties. In general, the statute requires financial institutions to explain to consumers their policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of such nonpublic personal information, and, unless otherwise required or permitted by law, financial institutions are prohibited from disclosing such information except as provided in their policies and procedures.

USA PATRIOT Act.  The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, designed to deny terrorists and others the ability to obtain anonymous access to the U.S. financial system, has significant implications for depository institutions, broker-dealers, mutual funds, insurance companies and businesses of other types involved in the transfer of money. The USA PATRIOT Act, together with the implementing regulations of various Agencies, has caused financial institutions, including banks, to adopt and implement additional, or amend existing, policies and procedures with respect to, among other things, anti-money laundering compliance, suspicious activity and currency transaction reporting, customer identity verification and customer risk analysis. The statute and its underlying regulations also permit information sharing for counter-terrorist purposes between federal law enforcement agencies and financial institutions, as well as among financial institutions, subject to certain conditions, and require the FRB (and other Agencies) to evaluate the effectiveness of an applicant and a target institution in combating money laundering activities when considering applications filed under Section 3 of the BHCA or under the Bank Merger Act. In 2006, final regulations under the USA PATRIOT Act were issued requiring financial institutions, including the Company and its subsidiaries, to take additional steps to monitor their correspondent banking and private banking relationships as well as their relationships with “shell banks.” Management believes that the Company is in compliance with all the requirements prescribed by the USA PATRIOT Act and all applicable final implementing regulations.

Deposit Insurance.  The Bank pays deposit insurance premiums to the FDIC based on an assessment rate established by the FDIC. For most banks and savings associations, including the Bank, FDIC rates depend upon a combination of CAMELS component ratings and financial ratios. CAMELS ratings reflect the applicable bank regulatory agency’s evaluation of the financial institution’s capital, asset quality, management, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity to risk. For large banks and savings associations that have long-term debt issuer ratings, assessment rates depend upon such ratings, and CAMELS component ratings. For institutions which are in the lowest risk category, assessment rates varied initially from 10 to 16 basis points per $100 of insured deposits.

In November 2009, the FDIC issued a final rule that mandated that insured depository institutions prepay their quarterly risk-based assessments to the FDIC for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for all of 2010, 2011, and 2012 on December 30, 2009. The amount of the Bank’s prepaid deposit premium was $8.7 million as of December 31, 2009. Each institution, including the Bank, recorded the entire amount of its prepayment as an asset (a prepaid expense). The prepaid assessments bear a 0% risk weight for risk-based capital purposes. The prepaid assessment base for the Bank was calculated using its third quarter 2009 assessment rate (using its CAMELS rating on that date). That assessment base will be adjusted quarterly with an estimated 5% annual growth in the assessment base through the end of 2012. The prepaid assessment rate for the fourth quarter of 2009 and for 2010 is based on the Bank’s total base assessment rate for the third quarter of 2009, adjusted as if the assessment rate in effect on September 30, 2009 had been in effect for the entire third quarter. Further, the prepaid assessment rate for 2011 and 2012 is equal to the adjusted third quarter 2009 total base assessment rate plus 3 basis points. As of December 31, 2009, and each quarter thereafter, the Bank will record an expense for its regular quarterly assessment for the quarter and a corresponding credit to the prepaid assessment until the asset is exhausted. The FDIC will not refund or collect additional prepaid assessments because of a decrease or growth in deposits over the next three years. However, should the prepaid assessment not be exhausted after collection of the amount due on June 30, 2013, the remaining amount of the

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prepayment will be returned to the Bank. In 2008, the level of FDIC deposit insurance was temporarily increased from $100,000 to $250,000 per depositor and the increased level of insurance coverage will remain in effect through December 31, 2013.

The FDIC has the power to adjust deposit insurance assessment rates at any time. We cannot predict whether, as a result of the adverse change in U.S. economic conditions and, in particular, declines in the value of real estate in certain markets served by the Bank, the FDIC will in the future further increase deposit insurance assessment levels.

Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program.  The Bank is participating in the Transaction Account Guarantee Program (“TAGP”) component of the FDIC’s Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (“TLGP”). Through the TAGP, the FDIC will provide unlimited deposit insurance coverage for all noninterest-bearing transaction accounts through June 30, 2010. This includes traditional non-interest bearing checking accounts, certain types of attorney trust accounts and NOW accounts as long as the interest rate does not exceed 0.50%. The TAGP carries an annualized 10 basis point assessment, paid quarterly, on any deposit amounts exceeding the existing deposit insurance limit of $250,000. This assessment shall be in addition to an institution’s risk-based assessment noted above.

The Community Reinvestment Act.  The Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”) requires lenders to identify the communities served by the institution’s offices and other deposit taking facilities and to make loans and investments and provide services that meet the credit needs of these communities. Regulatory agencies examine banks and rate such institutions’ compliance with the CRA as “Outstanding,” “Satisfactory,” “Needs to Improve” or “Substantial Noncompliance.” Failure of an institution to receive at least a “Satisfactory” rating could inhibit such institution or its holding company from undertaking certain activities, including engaging in activities newly permitted as a financial holding company under the GLBA and acquisitions of other financial institutions. The FRB must take into account the record of performance of banks in meeting the credit needs of the entire community served, including low-and moderate-income neighborhoods. The Bank has achieved a rating of “Outstanding” on its most recent examination.

Regulation R.  The FRB approved Regulation R implementing the bank broker push out provisions under Title II of the GLBA. The GLBA provided 11 exceptions from the definition of “broker” in the Exchange Act that permit banks not registered as broker-dealers with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) to effect securities transactions under certain conditions. Regulation R, which was issued jointly by the SEC and the FRB, implements certain of these exceptions. The Bank began compliance with Regulation R on the first day of the bank’s fiscal quarter starting after September 30, 2008. The FRB and the SEC have stated that they will jointly issue any interpretations or no-action letters/guidance regarding Regulation R and consult with each other and the appropriate federal banking agency with respect to formal enforcement actions pursuant to Regulation R.

Regulatory Enforcement Authority.  The enforcement powers available to the Agencies include, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist or removal orders and to initiate injunctive actions against banking organizations and institution-affiliated parties. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated for violations of law and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. Other actions or inactions may provide the basis for enforcement action, including misleading or untimely reports filed with regulatory authorities. Under certain circumstances, federal and state law requires public disclosure and reports of certain criminal offenses and also final enforcement actions by the Agencies.

Identity Theft Red Flags.  The Agencies jointly issued final rules and guidelines in 2007 implementing Section 114 (“Section 114”) of the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003 (the “FACT Act”) and final rules implementing section 315 of the FACT Act (“Section 315”). Section 114 requires the Bank to develop and implement a written Identity Theft Prevention Program (the “Program”) to detect, prevent and mitigate identity theft in connection with the opening of certain accounts or certain existing accounts. Section 114 also requires credit and debit card issuers to assess the validity of notifications of changes of address under certain circumstances. The Agencies issued joint rules under Section 315 that provide guidance regarding reasonable policies and procedures that a user of consumer reports must employ when a consumer reporting agency sends the user a notice of address discrepancy. These final rules and guidelines became effective on January 1, 2008 and the Bank began complying with the rules by November 1, 2008.

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Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations.  In 2007, the Agencies published final rules to implement the affiliate marketing provisions in Section 214 of the FACT Act, which amends the Fair Credit Reporting Act. The final rules generally prohibit a person from using information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for marketing purposes to a consumer, unless the consumer is given notice and a reasonable opportunity and a reasonable and simple method to opt out of the making of such solicitations. These rules became effective on January 1, 2008 and the Company began complying with the rules by October 1, 2008.

Available Information

The Company’s Investor Relations information can be obtained through its subsidiary banks’ internet address, www.camdennational.com. The Company makes available on or through its Investor Relations page without charge, its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. The Company’s reports filed with, or furnished to, the SEC are also available at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. In addition, the Company makes available, free of charge, its press releases and Code of Ethics through the Company’s Investor Relations page. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference into this document and should not be considered part of this Report.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors

Recent market volatility may impact our business and the value of our common stock.

Our business performance and the trading price of shares of our common stock may be affected by many factors affecting financial institutions, including the recent volatility in the credit, mortgage and housing markets, the markets for securities relating to mortgages or housing, and the value of debt and mortgage-backed and other securities that we hold in our investment portfolio. Government action and legislation may also impact us and the value of our common stock. Given the unprecedented nature of this volatility, we cannot predict what impact, if any, it will have on our business or share price and for these and other reasons our shares of common stock may trade at a price lower than that at which they were purchased.

If we do not maintain net income growth, the market price of our common stock could be adversely affected.

Our return on shareholders’ equity and other measures of profitability, which affect the market price of our common stock, depend in part on our continued growth and expansion. Our growth strategy has two principal components — internal growth and external growth. Our ability to generate internal growth is affected by the competitive factors described below as well as by the primarily rural characteristics and related demographic features of the markets we serve. Our ability to continue to identify and invest in suitable acquisition candidates on acceptable terms is an important component of our external growth strategy. In pursuing acquisition opportunities, we may be in competition with other companies having similar growth strategies. As a result, we may not be able to identify or acquire promising acquisition candidates on acceptable terms. Competition for these acquisitions could result in increased acquisition prices and a diminished pool of acquisition opportunities. An inability to find suitable acquisition candidates at reasonable prices could slow our growth rate and have a negative effect on the market price of our common stock.

Interest rate volatility may reduce our profitability.

Our profitability depends to a large extent upon our net interest income, which is the difference between interest income on interest-earning assets, such as loans and investments, and interest expense on interest-bearing liabilities, such as deposits and borrowed funds. Net interest income can be affected significantly by changes in market interest rates. In particular, changes in relative interest rates may reduce our net interest income as the difference between interest income and interest expense decreases. As a result, we have adopted asset and liability management policies to minimize the potential adverse effects of changes in interest rates on net interest income, primarily by altering the mix and maturity of loans, investments and funding sources. However, there can be no assurance that a change in interest rates will not negatively impact our results from operations or financial position. Since market interest rates may change by differing magnitudes and at different times, significant changes in interest rates over an extended period of time could reduce overall net interest income. An increase in interest rates could also have a negative impact on our results of operations by reducing the ability of borrowers to repay their current loan obligations, which could not only result in increased loan defaults, foreclosures and write-offs, but also necessitate further increases to our allowance for loan losses.

If our allowance for loan losses is not adequate to cover actual loan losses, our earnings could decrease.

We make various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of our loan portfolio and provide an allowance for probable loan losses based on a number of factors. Monthly, the Corporate Risk Management group reviews the assumptions, calculation methodology and balance of the allowance for loan losses with the board of directors for the bank subsidiary. On a quarterly basis, the Company’s Board of Directors, as well as the board of directors for the subsidiary bank, completes a similar review of the allowance for loan losses. If the assumptions are incorrect, the allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover the losses we could experience, which would have an adverse effect on operating results, and may also cause us to increase the allowance for loan losses in the future. In addition, bank regulators periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase our provisions for credit losses or recognize further loan charge-offs. Any increase in our allowance for loan losses or loan charge-offs as required by regulatory authorities could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition. If additional amounts are provided to the allowance for loan losses, our earnings could decrease.

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Our loans are concentrated in certain areas of Maine and adverse conditions in those markets could adversely affect our operations.

We are exposed to real estate and economic factors throughout Maine, as virtually the entire loan portfolio is concentrated among borrowers in Maine, with higher concentrations of exposure in Cumberland, Hancock, Knox and Waldo counties. Further, because a substantial portion of the loan portfolio is secured by real estate in this area, the value of the associated collateral is also subject to regional real estate market conditions. Adverse economic, political or business developments or natural hazards may affect these areas and the ability of property owners in these areas to make payments of principal and interest on the underlying mortgages. If these regions experience adverse economic, political or business conditions, we would likely experience higher rates of loss and delinquency on these loans than if the loans were more geographically diverse.

We experience strong competition within our markets, which may impact our profitability.

Competition in the banking and financial services industry is strong. In our market areas, we compete for loans, deposits and other financial products and services with local independent banks, thrift institutions, savings institutions, mortgage brokerage firms, credit unions, finance companies, mutual funds, insurance companies and brokerage and investment banking firms operating locally as well as nationally. Many of these competitors have substantially greater resources and lending limits than those of our subsidiaries and may offer services that our subsidiaries do not or cannot provide. Our long-term success depends on the ability of our subsidiaries to compete successfully with other financial institutions in their service areas. Because we maintain a smaller staff and have fewer financial and other resources than larger institutions with which we compete, we may be limited in our ability to attract customers. If we are unable to attract and retain customers, we may be unable to achieve growth in the loan and core deposit portfolios, and our results of operations and financial condition may be negatively impacted.

Our banking business is highly regulated, and we may be adversely affected by changes in law and regulation.

Bank holding companies and national banking associations operate in a highly regulated environment and are subject to supervision, regulation and examination by various federal regulatory agencies, as well as other governmental agencies in the states in which they operate. Federal and state laws and regulations govern numerous matters including changes in the ownership or control of banks and BHCs, maintenance of adequate capital and the financial condition of a financial institution, permissible types, amounts and terms of extensions of credit and investments, permissible non-banking activities, the level of reserves against deposits and restrictions on dividend payments. The OCC possesses cease and desist powers to prevent or remedy unsafe or unsound practices or violations of law by banks subject to their regulation, and the FRB possesses similar powers with respect to BHCs. These and other restrictions limit the manner in which we may conduct business and obtain financing.

Our business is affected not only by general economic conditions, but also by the economic, fiscal and monetary policies of the United States and its agencies and regulatory authorities, particularly the FRB. The economic and fiscal policies of various governmental entities and the monetary policies of the FRB may affect the interest rates our bank subsidiary must offer to attract deposits and the interest rates they must charge on loans, as well as the manner in which they offer deposits and make loans. These economic, fiscal and monetary policies have had, and are expected to continue to have, significant effects on the operating results of depository institutions generally, including our bank subsidiary.

Our cost of funds may increase as a result of general economic conditions, interest rates and competitive pressures.

Our banking subsidiary has traditionally obtained funds principally through deposits and borrowings. As a general matter, deposits are a less costly source of funds than borrowings because interest rates paid for deposits are typically less than interest rates charged for borrowings. If, as a result of general economic conditions, market interest rates, competitive pressures or otherwise, the value of deposits at our banking subsidiary decreases relative to our overall banking operations, we may have to rely more heavily on borrowings as a source of funds in the future.

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We are subject to liquidity risk.

Liquidity risk is the risk of potential loss if we were unable to meet our funding requirements at a reasonable cost. Our liquidity could be impaired by an inability to access the capital markets or by unforeseen outflows of cash. This situation may arise due to circumstances that we may be unable to control, such as a general market disruption or an operational problem that affects third parties or us. Our credit ratings are important to our liquidity. A reduction in our credit ratings could adversely affect our liquidity and competitive position, increase our borrowing costs, limit our access to the capital markets or trigger unfavorable contractual obligations.

Our access to funds from subsidiaries may be restricted.

The Company is a separate and distinct legal entity from our banking and nonbanking subsidiaries. We therefore depend on dividends, distributions and other payments from our banking and nonbanking subsidiaries to fund dividend payments on the common stock and to fund all payments on our other obligations. Our subsidiaries are subject to laws that authorize regulatory bodies to block or reduce the flow of funds from those subsidiaries to the Company, which could impede access to funds we need to make payments on our obligations or dividend payments.

We have credit and counter-party risk inherent in our securities portfolio and bank-owned life insurance policies.

We maintain a diversified securities portfolio, which includes mortgage-backed securities issued by U.S. government and government sponsored agencies, obligations of the U.S. Treasury and government-sponsored agencies, securities issued by state and political subdivisions, private issue collateralized mortgage obligations and auction preferred securities. We also carry investments in bank-owned life insurance and Federal Home Loan Bank stock. We seek to limit credit losses in our securities portfolios by generally purchasing only highly-rated securities.

The current economic environment and recent volatility of financial markets increase the difficulty of assessing investment securities impairment and the same influences tend to increase the risk of potential impairment of these assets. During the year ended December 31, 2009, we recorded charges for other-than-temporary impairment of securities of $11.0 thousand. For the year ended December 31, 2008, we recorded charges for other-than-temporary impairment of securities of $15.0 million. We believe that we have adequately reviewed our investment securities for impairment and that our investment securities are carried at fair value. However, over time, the economic and market environment may provide additional insight regarding the fair value of certain securities, which could change our judgment regarding impairment. In addition, if the counter-party should default, become insolvent, declare bankruptcy, or otherwise cease to exist, the value of our investment may be impaired. This could result in realized losses relating to other-than-temporary declines being charged against future income. Given the current market conditions and the significant judgments involved, there is continuing risk that further declines in fair value may occur and additional material other-than-temporary impairments may be charged to income in future periods, resulting in realized losses.

Increases in FDIC deposit insurance premiums will increase our non-interest expense.

On December 16, 2008, the FDIC adopted a final rule, which took effect on January 1, 2009, increasing the deposit insurance assessment rate by seven cents per $100 of deposits. On February 27, 2009, the FDIC adopted another final rule, effective as of April 1, 2009, that, among other things, changed the way that the FDIC’s assessment system differentiates for risk and makes corresponding changes to assessment rates. As a result, our base assessment rate increased on April 1, 2009. In addition, in May 2009, the FDIC imposed a special assessment on all insured institutions. The special assessment amounted to 5 basis points on each institution’s assets minus Tier 1 capital as of June 30, 2009, subject to a maximum equal to 10 basis points times the institution’s assessment base. The Bank’s special assessment in the aggregate amounted to $1.1 million. The increase in our deposit insurance premiums will result in an increase in our non-interest expense.

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We could be held responsible for environmental liabilities of properties we acquire through foreclosure.

If we are forced to foreclose on a defaulted mortgage loan to recover our investment, we may be subject to environmental liabilities related to the underlying real property. Hazardous substances or wastes, contaminants, pollutants or sources thereof may be discovered on properties during our ownership or after a sale to a third party. The amount of environmental liability could exceed the value of the real property. There can be no assurance that we would not be fully liable for the entire cost of any removal and clean-up on an acquired property, that the cost of removal and clean-up would not exceed the value of the property, or that we could recoup any of the costs from any third party.

Due to the nature of our business, we may be subject to litigation from time to time, some of which may not be covered by insurance.

As a holding company and through our bank subsidiary, we operate in a highly regulated industry, and as a result, are subject to various regulations related to disclosures to our customers, our lending practices, and other fiduciary responsibilities, including those to our shareholders. From time to time, we have been, and may become, subject to legal actions relating to our operations that have had, or could, involve claims for substantial monetary damages. Although we maintain insurance, the scope of this coverage may not provide us with full, or even partial, coverage in any particular case. As a result, a judgment against us in any such litigation could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operation.

We are subject to reputational risk.

Our actual or perceived failure to (a) identify and address potential conflicts of interest, ethical issues, money-laundering, or privacy issues; (b) meet legal and regulatory requirements applicable to the Bank and to the Company; (c) maintain the privacy of customer and associate personal information; (d) maintain adequate record keeping; (e) engage in proper sales and trading practices; and (f) identify the legal, reputational, credit, liquidity and market risks inherent in our products could give rise to reputational risk that could cause harm to the Bank and our business prospects. If we fail to address any of these issues in an appropriate manner, we could be subject to additional legal risks, which, in turn, could increase the size and number of litigation claims and damages asserted or subject us to enforcement actions, fines and penalties and cause us to incur related costs and expenses. Our ability to attract and retain customers and employees could be adversely affected to the extent our reputation is damaged.

To the extent that we acquire other companies, our business may be negatively impacted by certain risks inherent with such acquisitions.

We have acquired and will continue to consider the acquisition of other financial services companies. To the extent that we acquire other companies in the future, our business may be negatively impacted by certain risks inherent with such acquisitions. These risks include the following:

the risk that the acquired business will not perform in accordance with management’s expectations;
the risk that difficulties will arise in connection with the integration of the operations of the acquired business with the operations of our businesses;
the risk that management will divert its attention from other aspects of our business;
the risk that we may lose key employees of the combined business; and
the risks associated with entering into geographic and product markets in which we have limited or no direct prior experience.

We may be required to write down goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets.

When the Company acquires a business, a portion of the purchase price of the acquisition is allocated to goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired determines the amount of the purchase price that is allocated to goodwill acquired. At December 31, 2009, the Company’s goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets were approximately $46.4 million. Under current accounting standards, if the Company

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determines goodwill or intangible assets are impaired, it would be required to write down the value of these assets. The Company conducts an annual review to determine whether goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets are impaired. The Company recently completed such an impairment analysis and concluded that no impairment charge was necessary for the year ended December 31, 2009. The Company cannot provide assurance whether it will be required to take an impairment charge in the future. Any impairment charge would have a negative effect on its shareholders’ equity and financial results and may cause a decline in our stock price.

We are subject to operational risk.

We are subject to certain operational risks, including, but not limited to, information technology system failures and errors, customer or employee fraud and catastrophic failures resulting from terrorist acts or natural disasters. We depend upon information technology, software, communication, and information exchange on a variety of computing platforms and networks and over the Internet. Despite instituted safeguards, we cannot be certain that all of its systems are entirely free from vulnerability to attack or other technological difficulties or failures. If information security is breached or other technology difficulties or failures occur, information may be lost or misappropriated, services and operations may be interrupted and we could be exposed to claims from customers. While we maintain a system of internal controls and procedures, any of these results could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

The market value of wealth management assets under administration may be negatively affected by changes in economic and market conditions.

A substantial portion of income from fiduciary services is dependent on the market value of wealth management assets under administration, which are primarily marketable securities. Changes in domestic and foreign economic conditions, volatility in financial markets, and general trends in business and finance, all of which are beyond our control, could adversely impact the market value of these assets and the fee revenues derived from the management of these assets.

We may not be able to attract and retain wealth management clients at current levels.

Due to strong competition, our wealth management division may not be able to attract and retain clients at current levels. Competition is strong as there are numerous well-established and successful investment management and wealth advisory firms including commercial banks and trust companies, investment advisory firms, mutual fund companies, stock brokerage firms, and other financial companies. Many of our competitors have greater resources than we have. Our ability to attract and retain wealth management clients is dependent upon our ability to compete with competitors’ investment products, level of investment performance, client services, marketing and distribution capabilities. If we are not successful, our results of operations and financial condition may be negatively impacted.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

There are no unresolved written comments relating to our periodic or current reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that were received from the SEC staff 180 days or more before the end of our fiscal year.

Item 2. Properties

The Company operates in 39 facilities, all of which are fully utilized and considered suitable and adequate for the purposes intended. The Company’s service center is located at 245 Commercial Street, Rockport, Maine, and is owned by the Company. The building has 32,360 square feet of space on two levels. The headquarters of the Company and the headquarters and main office of the Bank are located at 2 Elm Street, Camden, Maine. The building, which the Bank owns, has 15,500 square feet of space on three levels. The Bank also owns twenty-five of its branch facilities, none of which is subject to a mortgage. The Bank’s Rockland branch in the renovated “Spear Block” building is owned by the Bank and has the Bank branch facility on the first floor and suites for rent or sale on the upper floors. The Bangor, Maine building has 25,600 square feet of space on two levels. The Bank occupies 16,975 square feet of space on both floors, the Company utilizes 2,042 square feet for off-site computer processing, and Acadia Trust leases 1,110 square feet

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on the first floor and 535 square feet of space on the third floor. The remainder of the Bangor, Maine building and the former Rockland branch are leased to third-party tenants. The Ellsworth Main Street location, the main office for the former Union Bankshares Company, is owned by The Bank and has the Union Trust branch on the first floor, along with 2,365 square feet of space leased to Acadia Trust, while the second floor is leased to third-part tenants. The Bank also leases fourteen branches, a parcel of land, two parking lots and parking spaces associated with those branches under long-term leases, which expire in years ranging from 2010 through 2077. In 2007, Acadia Trust renewed its facility lease at 511 Congress Street, Portland, Maine, under a long-term lease, which expires in May 2012. Acadia Trust leases and occupies 11,715 square feet on the 9th floor.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

Various legal claims arise from time to time in the normal course of business, which in our opinion, are not expected to have a material effect on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

Item 4. [RESERVED]

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PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

As of January 2, 2008, the Company stock listing was transferred to the NASDAQ Global Market (“NASDAQ”) under the ticker symbol ‘CAC.’ The Company has paid quarterly dividends since its inception in 1984 following a corporate reorganization in which the shareholders of the Bank exchanged shares of the Bank stock for shares in the Company. The high and low sales prices (as quoted by NASDAQ for 2009 and 2008) and cash dividends paid per share of the Company’s common stock, by calendar quarter for the past two years were as follows:

           
  2009   2008
     Market Price   Dividends Paid
per Share
  Market Price   Dividends Paid
per Share
     High   Low   High   Low
First Quarter   $ 31.52     $ 14.34     $ 0.25     $ 34.96     $ 27.82     $ 0.24  
Second Quarter   $ 35.93     $ 21.63     $ 0.25     $ 34.94     $ 23.05     $ 0.25  
Third Quarter   $ 35.40     $ 31.10     $ 0.25     $ 38.02     $ 22.47     $ 0.25  
Fourth Quarter   $ 35.91     $ 27.80     $ 0.25     $ 34.98     $ 21.13     $ 0.25  

As of December 31, 2009, there were 7,644,837 the Company’s common stock outstanding. As of March 1, 2010, there were 7,658,561 shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding held of record by approximately 1,400 shareholders, as obtained through our transfer agent. Such number of record holders does not reflect the number of persons or entities holding stock in nominee name through banks, brokerage firms and other nominees, which is estimated to be 3,500 shareholders based on the number of requested copies from such institutions.

Although the Company has historically paid quarterly dividends on its common stock, the Company’s ability to pay such dividends depends on a number of factors, including restrictions under federal laws and regulations on the Company’s ability to pay dividends, and as a result, there can be no assurance that dividends will be paid in the future. For further information on dividend restrictions, refer to the Capital resources section of Item 7.

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The following graph illustrates the annual percentage change in the cumulative total shareholder return of the Company’s common stock for the period December 31, 2004 through December 31, 2009. For purposes of comparison, the graph illustrates comparable shareholder returns of the ABA NASDAQ Community Bank Index, the SNL $1B – $5B Bank Index, and the Russell 2000 Stock Index. The graph assumes a $100 investment on December 31, 2004 in each and measures the amount by which the market value, assuming reinvestment of dividends, has changed as of December 31, 2009.

Stock Performance Graph

[GRAPHIC MISSING]

In June 2008, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2008 Common Stock Repurchase Program. Under the program, the Company was authorized to repurchase up to 750,000 shares of its outstanding common stock for a one-year period. Under the 2008 Plan, the Company repurchased 50,000 shares of common stock at an average price of $32.00 during the second half of 2008 and made no repurchases in the first half of 2009. The authority, which expired on July 1, 2009, was not renewed for the coming year.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

         
  At or for the Year Ended December 31,
(In Thousands, Except per Share Data)   2009   2008(1)   2007   2006   2005
Financial Condition Data
                                            
Investments   $ 539,587     $ 670,040     $ 483,648     $ 461,708     $ 387,559  
Loans     1,526,758       1,500,908       1,145,639       1,218,129       1,182,175  
Allowance for loan losses     20,246       17,691       13,653       14,933       14,167  
Total assets     2,235,383       2,341,496       1,716,788       1,769,886       1,653,257  
Deposits     1,495,807       1,489,517       1,118,051       1,185,801       1,163,905  
Borrowings     526,138       661,805       460,133       437,364       347,039  
Shareholders’ equity     190,561       166,400       120,203       107,052       129,538  
Operating Data
                                            
Interest income   $ 113,331     $ 127,120     $ 107,736     $ 107,238     $ 89,721  
Interest expense     40,320       56,899       57,866       53,048       34,697  
Net interest income     73,011       70,221       49,870       54,190       55,024  
Provision for credit losses     8,213       4,397       100       2,208       1,265  
Net interest income after provision for credit losses     64,798       65,824       49,770       51,982       53,759  
Non-interest income before other-than-temporary impairment of Freddie Mac securities     19,447       16,660       12,652       11,629       10,050  
Other-than-temporary impairment of Freddie Mac securities           (14,950 )                   
Non-interest expense     51,029       46,816       33,686       34,224       32,461  
Income before income taxes     33,216       20,718       28,736       29,387       31,348  
Income taxes     10,443       5,383       8,453       9,111       9,968  
Net income   $ 22,773     $ 15,335     $ 20,283     $ 20,276     $ 21,380  
Ratios
                                            
Return on average assets     1.00 %      0.67 %      1.16 %      1.17 %      1.34 % 
Return on average equity     12.81 %      9.15 %      18.34 %      18.40 %      16.99 % 
Allowance for credit losses to total loans     1.33 %      1.18 %      1.19 %      1.23 %      1.20 % 
Non-performing loans to total loans     1.30 %      0.85 %      0.93 %      1.12 %      0.79 % 
Non-performing assets to total assets     1.13 %      0.71 %      0.64 %      0.78 %      0.57 % 
Average equity to average assets     7.80 %      7.28 %      6.33 %      6.36 %      7.90 % 
Efficiency ratio(2)     54.27 %      52.43 %      52.70 %      51.08 %      49.14 % 
Tier 1 leverage capital ratio     8.17 %      7.19 %      8.55 %      7.63 %      7.60 % 
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio     12.24 %      11.11 %      13.41 %      11.29 %      10.67 % 
Total risk-based capital ratio     13.49 %      12.32 %      14.64 %      12.73 %      11.92 % 
Per common share data
                                            
Basic earnings per share   $ 2.98     $ 2.00     $ 3.09     $ 2.93     $ 2.81  
Diluted earnings per share     2.97       2.00       3.09       2.93       2.80  
Dividends declared per share     1.00       1.00       1.20       0.66       0.82  
Dividends paid per share     1.00       0.99       0.96       0.88       1.30  
Book value per share     24.93       21.78       18.45       16.18       17.21  
Tangible book value per share(3)     18.86       15.62       17.79       15.40       16.40  
Dividend payout ratio     33.56 %      50.00 %      38.83 %      30.03 %      46.26 % 

(1) The 2008 data includes the merger of Union Bankshares Company with and into the Company as of January 3, 2008.
(2) Computed by dividing non-interest expense by the sum of net interest income (tax equivalent) and non-interest income (excluding security gains/losses).
(3) Computed by dividing shareholders’ equity less goodwill and other intangibles by the number of common shares outstanding.

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s discussion and analysis, which follows, focuses on the factors affecting our consolidated results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007 and financial condition at December 31, 2009 and 2008 and, where appropriate, factors that may affect future financial performance. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements, Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and Selected Consolidated Financial Data.

Executive Overview

Net income for 2009 of $22.8 million, or $2.97 per diluted share was 48.5% higher than the net income of $15.3 million, or $2.00 per diluted share reported for 2008. The following were significant factors related to the results of fiscal year 2009 compared to fiscal year 2008:

Total loans at December 31, 2009 were $1.5 billion, an increase of $25.9 million compared to December 31, 2008. These balances do not include an additional $72.5 million of residential mortgages that were originated during 2009 and sold to Freddie Mac.
Deposits increased $6.3 million from a year ago, almost reaching the $1.5 billion level at December 31, 2009. Interest checking, savings and money market deposits increased by $43.0 million and demand deposits increased by $13.1 million. These increases were partially offset by declines in retail certificates of deposit of $47.2 million and brokered funds of $2.6 million.
Balance sheet deleveraging resulted in a decrease in investment securities of $130.5 million and a reduction in borrowings of $135.8 million in 2009 compared to 2008, which favorably impacted the capital ratios.
Shareholders’ equity increased 14.5% due to current year earnings and other comprehensive net gains less dividends declared.
Net interest income on a fully-taxable equivalent basis for 2009 increased 3.7% to $74.6 million due to lower funding costs which increased the net interest margin to 3.53% in 2009 compared to 3.37% in 2008.
The provision for credit losses of $8.2 million increased $3.8 million in 2009 compared to 2008 as a result of an increase in net loan charge-offs and higher non-performing asset levels. Net loan charge-offs totaled $5.6 million, or 0.37% of average loans, compared to $4.7 million, or 0.31%, for 2008. Non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets amounted to 1.13% and 0.71% at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Non-interest income before the impairment write-down on Freddie Mac securities was $19.4 million for 2009, a 16.7% increase over 2008. The increase was driven by an increase in mortgage banking income, including mortgage-servicing income and gains on the sale of loans, and security losses of $624,000 realized in 2008.
Non-interest expense for 2009 was $51.0 million, an increase of $4.2 million, or 9.0%, over the prior year, which was primarily due to an increase in FDIC insurance assessment rates as well as a special assessment of $1.1 million. There were also increases in foreclosed properties and collection costs, in part offset by a decrease in the amortization of the core deposit intangible. An estimated maximum exposure of $637,000 pertaining to misappropriated funds was also expensed.

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Critical Accounting Policies

In preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements, management is required to make significant estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from our current estimates, as a result of changing conditions and future events. Several estimates are particularly critical and are susceptible to significant near-term change, including the allowance for credit losses, accounting for acquisitions and review of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets for impairment, valuation of other real estate owned, other-than-temporary impairment of investments, accounting for postretirement plans and income taxes. Our significant accounting policies and critical estimates are summarized in Note 1 of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Allowance for Credit Losses.  The allowance for credit losses consists of two components: 1) the allowance for loan losses (“ALL”) which is present as a contra to total gross loans in the asset section of the balance sheet, and 2) the reserve for unfunded commitments included in other liabilities on the balance sheet. In preparing the Consolidated Financial Statements, the ALL requires the most significant amount of management estimates and assumptions. The ALL, which is established through a charge to the provision for credit losses, is based on our evaluation of the level of the allowance required in relation to the estimated loss exposure in the loan portfolio. We regularly evaluate the ALL for adequacy by taking into consideration, among other factors, local industry trends, management’s ongoing review of individual loans, trends in levels of watched or criticized assets, an evaluation of results of examinations by regulatory authorities and other third parties, analyses of historical trends in charge-offs and delinquencies, the character and size of the loan portfolio, business and economic conditions and our estimation of probable losses.

In determining the appropriate level of ALL, we use a methodology to systematically measure the amount of estimated loan loss exposure inherent in the loan portfolio. The methodology includes four elements: (1) identification of loss allocations for specific loans, (2) loss allocation factors for certain loan types based on credit grade and loss experience, (3) general loss allocations for other environmental factors, and (4) the unallocated portion of the allowance. The specific loan component relates to loans that are classified as doubtful, substandard or special mention. For such loans that are also classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The methodology is in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We use a risk rating system to determine the credit quality of our loans and apply the related loss allocation factors. In assessing the risk rating of a particular loan, we consider, among other factors, the obligor’s debt capacity, financial condition and flexibility, the level of the obligor’s earnings, the amount and sources of repayment, the performance with respect to loan terms, the adequacy of collateral, the level and nature of contingencies, management strength, and the industry in which the obligor operates. These factors are based on an evaluation of historical information, as well as subjective assessment and interpretation of current conditions. Emphasizing one factor over another, or considering additional factors that may be relevant in determining the risk rating of a particular loan but which are not currently an explicit part of our methodology, could impact the risk rating assigned to that loan. We periodically reassess and revise the loss allocation factors used in the assignment of loss exposure to appropriately reflect our analysis of loss experience. Portfolios of more homogenous populations of loans including residential mortgages and consumer loans are analyzed as groups taking into account delinquency rates and other economic conditions which may affect the ability of borrowers to meet debt service requirements, including interest rates and energy costs. We also consider the results of regulatory examinations, historical loss ranges, portfolio composition, and other changes in the portfolio. An additional allocation is determined based on a judgmental process whereby management considers qualitative and quantitative assessments of other environmental factors. For example, a significant portion of our loan portfolio is concentrated among borrowers in southern Maine and a substantial portion of the portfolio is collateralized by real estate in this area. Another portion of the commercial and commercial real estate loans are to borrowers in the hospitality, tourism and recreation industries. Finally, an unallocated portion of the total allowance is maintained to allow for shifts in portfolio composition and account for uncertainty in the economic environment.

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Since the methodology is based upon historical experience and trends as well as management’s judgment, factors may arise that result in different estimations. Significant factors that could give rise to changes in these estimates may include, but are not limited to, changes in economic conditions in our market area, concentration of risk, declines in local property values, and results of regulatory examinations. While management’s evaluation of the ALL as of December 31, 2009 determined the allowance to be appropriate, under adversely different conditions or assumptions, we may need to increase the allowance. The Corporate Risk Management group reviews the ALL with the Camden National Bank Board of Directors on a monthly basis. A more comprehensive review of the ALL is reviewed with the Company’s Board of Directors, as well as the Camden National Bank Board of Directors, on a quarterly basis.

The adequacy of the reserve for unfunded commitments is determined similarly to the allowance for loan losses, with the exception that management must also estimate the likelihood of these commitments being funded and becoming loans. This is done by evaluating the historical utilization of each type of unfunded commitment and estimating the likelihood that the historical utilization rates could change in the future.

Accounting for Acquisitions and Review of Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets for Impairment.  We are required to record assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their fair value, which is an estimate determined by the use of internal or other valuation techniques. These valuation estimates result in goodwill and other intangible assets and are subject to ongoing periodic impairment tests and are evaluated using various fair value techniques. Goodwill impairment evaluations are required to be performed annually and may be required more frequently if certain conditions indicating potential impairment exist. If we were to determine that our goodwill was impaired, the recognition of an impairment charge could have an adverse impact on our results of operations in the period that the impairment occurred or on our financial position. Goodwill is evaluated for impairment using several standard valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analyses, as well as an estimation of the impact of business conditions. The use of different estimates or assumptions could produce different estimates of carrying value.

Valuation of Other Real Estate Owned (“OREO”).  Periodically, we acquire property in connection with foreclosures or in satisfaction of debt previously contracted. The valuation of this property is accounted for individually based on its fair value on the date of acquisition. At the acquisition date, if fair value of the property less the costs to sell is less than the book value of the loan, a charge or reduction in the ALL is recorded. If the value of the property becomes permanently impaired, as determined by an appraisal or an evaluation in accordance with our appraisal policy, we will record the decline by charging against current earnings. Upon acquisition of a property, we use a current appraisal or broker’s opinion to substantiate fair value for the property.

Other-Than-Temporary Impairment of Investments.  We record an investment impairment charge at the point we believe an investment has experienced a decline in value that is other than temporary. In determining whether an other-than-temporary impairment has occurred, we review information about the underlying investment that is publicly available, analysts’ reports, applicable industry data and other pertinent information, and assess our ability to hold the securities for the foreseeable future. The investment is written down to its current market value at the time the impairment is deemed to have occurred. Future adverse changes in market conditions, continued poor operating results of underlying investments or other factors could result in further losses that may not be reflected in an investment’s current carrying value, possibly requiring an additional impairment charge in the future.

Accounting for Postretirement Plans.  We use a December 31 measurement date to determine the expenses for our postretirement plans and related financial disclosure information. Postretirement plan expense is sensitive to changes in eligible employees (and their related demographics) and to changes in the discount rate and other expected rates, such as medical cost trends rates. As with the computations on plan expense, cash contribution requirements are also sensitive to such changes.

Income Taxes.  We account for income taxes by deferring income taxes based on estimated future tax effects of differences between the tax and book basis of assets and liabilities considering the provisions of enacted tax laws. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in the Consolidated Statement of Condition. We must also assess the likelihood that any deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income and establish a valuation allowance for those assets determined not

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likely to be recoverable. Judgment is required in determining the amount and timing of recognition of the resulting deferred tax assets and liabilities, including projections of future taxable income. Although we have determined a valuation allowance is not required for all deferred tax assets, there is no guarantee that these assets will be realized. Although not currently under review, income tax returns for the years ended December 31, 2006 through 2008 are open to audit by federal and Maine authorities. If we, as a result of an audit, were assessed interest and penalties, the amounts would be recorded through other non-interest expense.

Results of Operations

For the year ended December 31, 2009, we reported record net income of $22.8 million compared to $15.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, and $20.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. Diluted earnings per share for each of these years were $2.97, $2.00, and $3.09, respectively. The major components of these results, which include net interest income, provision for credit losses, non-interest income, non-interest expense, and income taxes, are discussed below.

Net Interest Income

Net interest income is our largest source of revenue and accounts for approximately 80% of total revenues. Net interest income reflects revenues generated through income from earning assets plus loan fees, less interest paid on interest-bearing deposits and borrowings. Net interest income is affected by changes in interest rates, by loan and deposit pricing strategies and competitive conditions, the volume and mix of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and the level of non-performing assets.

Net interest income was $74.6 million on a fully-taxable equivalent basis for 2009, compared to $72.0 million for 2008, an increase of $2.7 million or 3.7%. The increase in net interest income is largely due to an improvement of 16 basis points in the net interest margin, to 3.53%, for 2009. The increase in the net interest margin resulted from a decrease in the cost of funds, offset in part by a decrease in income on earning assets, both of which were caused by the decline in interest rates. Average interest-earning assets decreased by $24.1 million for 2009 compared to 2008, primarily due to decreases in investments and commercial loans. The yield on earning assets for 2009 decreased 59 basis points, reflecting a decline in the interest rate environment impacting both the investment and loan yields. Average interest-bearing liabilities decreased $31.3 million for 2009 compared to 2008, primarily due to declines in wholesale funding, in part offset by an increase in retail deposits driven by increases in certificate of deposit accounts. Total cost of funds decreased 83 basis points due to the decline in short-term interest rates. Future growth in net interest income will depend upon consumer and commercial loan demand, growth in deposits and the general level of interest rates.

Net interest income was $72.0 million on a fully-taxable equivalent basis in 2008, compared to $51.3 million in 2007, an increase of $20.7 million or 40.4%. The increase in net interest income was largely due to the acquisition of Union Bankshares Company and an improvement in the net interest margin of 28 basis points to 3.37% for 2008. Average interest-earning assets increased by $477.2 million, or 28.7%, in 2008, primarily due to loans and investment securities acquired with Union Trust. The yield on total loans decreased 78 basis points in 2008, reflecting a decline in the interest rate environment whereas the yield on taxable securities increased 7 basis points in 2008 as investment purchases were added to the portfolio at slightly higher yields than maturing investments. In 2008, average interest-bearing liabilities increased by $451.0 million, or 30.6%, while cost of funds decreased 97 basis points. The increase in average-interest bearing liabilities was primarily due to deposits and borrowings acquired with Union Trust combined with growth in certificates of deposit. As short-term interest rates declined, we were successful in reducing retail deposit interest rates resulting in a 108 basis point decline in total retail deposit cost of funds.

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The following table presents, for the periods indicated, average balance sheets, interest income, interest expense, and the corresponding average yields earned and rates paid, as well as net interest income, net interest rate spread and net interest margin.

Average Balance, Interest and Yield/Rate Analysis

                 
                 
  December 31, 2009   December 31, 2008   December 31, 2007
(Dollars in Thousands)   Average Balance   Interest   Yield/
Rate
  Average Balance   Interest   Yield/
Rate
  Average Balance   Interest   Yield/
Rate
ASSETS
                                                                                
Interest-earning assets:
                                                                                
Securities – taxable   $ 539,959     $ 25,979       4.81 %    $ 547,276     $ 27,671       5.06 %    $ 422,197     $ 21,086       4.99 % 
Securities – nontaxable(1)     63,472       3,707       5.84 %      70,177       4,138       5.90 %      42,050       2,537       6.03 % 
Trading account assets     1,479       24       1.62 %      1,515       35       2.31 %                  % 
Federal funds sold                 %      335       11       3.28 %      8,098       373       4.61 % 
Loans(1)(2):
                                                                                
Residential real estate     622,535       35,726       5.74 %      626,519       37,634       6.01 %      411,552       24,389       5.93 % 
Commercial real estate     415,369       25,168       6.06 %      413,744       28,828       6.97 %      360,683       28,493       7.90 % 
Commercial     181,392       10,170       5.61 %      206,220       14,181       6.88 %      188,245       15,365       8.16 % 
Municipal     21,533       1,079       5.01 %      22,752       1,131       4.97 %      26,989       1,678       6.22 % 
Consumer     267,375       13,106       4.90 %      248,628       15,256       6.14 %      200,158       15,208       7.60 % 
Total loans     1,508,204       85,249       5.65 %      1,517,863       97,030       6.39 %      1,187,627       85,133       7.17 % 
Total interest-earning assets     2,113,114       114,959       5.44 %      2,137,166       128,885       6.03 %      1,659,972       109,129       6.57 % 
Cash and due from banks     28,985                         37,351                         29,357                    
Other assets     155,921                         146,108                         73,000                    
Less: ALL     (18,742 )                  (17,303 )                  (14,393 )             
Total assets   $ 2,279,278                 $ 2,303,322                 $ 1,747,936              
LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                                                                                
Interest-bearing liabilities:
                                                                                
NOW accounts   $ 206,424       967       0.47 %    $ 186,652       1,490       0.80 %    $ 106,920       429       0.40 % 
Savings accounts     140,246       499       0.36 %      133,128       766       0.58 %      89,705       336       0.37 % 
Money market accounts     312,746       3,127       1.00 %      345,834       7,542       2.18 %      311,171       13,450       4.32 % 
Certificates of deposit     578,231       15,997       2.77 %      531,539       19,008       3.58 %      389,565       17,121       4.39 % 
Total retail deposits     1,237,647       20,590       1.66 %      1,197,153       28,806       2.41 %      897,361       31,336       3.49 % 
Broker deposits     75,204       1,987       2.64 %      71,513       2,894       4.05 %      121,221       5,116       4.22 % 
Junior subordinated debentures     43,462       2,845       6.55 %      43,356       2,949       6.80 %      36,083       2,381       6.60 % 
Borrowings     536,908       14,898       2.77 %      612,532       22,250       3.63 %      418,894       19,033       4.54 % 
Total wholesale funding     655,574       19,730       3.01 %      727,401       28,093       3.86 %      576,198       26,530       4.60 % 
Total interest-bearing liabilities     1,893,221       40,320       2.13 %      1,924,554       56,899       2.96 %      1,473,559       57,866       3.93 % 
Demand deposits     184,979                         186,924                         148,751                    
Other liabilities     23,348                         24,275                         15,032                    
Shareholders’ equity     177,730                   167,569                   110,594              
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity   $ 2,279,278                 $ 2,303,322                 $ 1,747,936              
Net interest income (fully-taxable equivalent)              74,639                         71,986                         51,263        
Less: fully-taxable equivalent adjustment           (1,628 )                  (1,765 )                  (1,393 )       
           $ 73,011                 $ 70,221                 $ 49,870        
Net interest rate spread (fully-taxable equivalent)                 3.31 %                  3.07 %                  2.64 % 
Net interest margin (fully-taxable equivalent)                 3.53 %                  3.37 %                  3.09 % 

(1) Reported on tax-equivalent basis calculated using a rate of 35%.
(2) Non-accrual loans are included in total average loans.

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The following table presents certain information on a fully-taxable equivalent basis regarding changes in interest income and interest expense for the periods indicated. For each category of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, information is provided with respect to changes attributable to rate and volume.

           
  December 31, 2009 vs 2008
Increase (Decrease) Due to
  December 31, 2008 vs 2007
Increase (Decrease) Due to
(Dollars in Thousands)   Volume   Rate   Total   Volume   Rate   Total
Interest-earning assets:
                                                     
Securities – taxable   $ (370 )    $ (1,322 )    $ (1,692 )    $ 6,241     $ 344     $ 6,585  
Securities – nontaxable     (395 )      (36 )      (431 )      1,697       (96 )      1,601  
Trading account assets     (1 )      (10 )      (11 )      35             35  
Federal funds sold     (11 )            (11 )      (358 )      (4 )      (362 ) 
Residential real estate     (239 )      (1,669 )      (1,908 )      12,739       506       13,245  
Commercial real estate     113       (3,773 )      (3,660 )      4,192       (3,857 )      335  
Commercial     (1,707 )      (2,304 )      (4,011 )      1,467       (2,651 )      (1,184 ) 
Municipal     (61 )      9       (52 )      (263 )      (284 )      (547 ) 
Consumer     1,150       (3,300 )      (2,150 )      3,683       (3,635 )      48  
Total interest income     (1,521 )      (12,405 )      (13,926 )      29,433       (9,677 )      19,756  
Interest-bearing liabilities:
                                                     
NOW accounts     158       (681 )      (523 )      320       741       1,061  
Savings accounts     41       (308 )      (267 )      163       267       430  
Money market accounts     (722 )      (3,693 )      (4,415 )      1,498       (7,406 )      (5,908 ) 
Certificates of deposit     1,670       (4,681 )      (3,011 )      6,240       (4,353 )      1,887  
Broker deposits     149       (1,056 )      (907 )      (2,098 )      (124 )      (2,222 ) 
Junior subordinated debentures     7       (111 )      (104 )      480       88       568  
Borrowings     (2,747 )      (4,605 )      (7,352 )      8,798       (5,581 )      3,217  
Total interest expense     (1,444 )      (15,135 )      (16,579 )      15,401       (16,368 )      (967 ) 
Net interest income (fully-taxable equivalent)   $ (77 )    $ 2,730     $ 2,653     $ 14,032     $ 6,691     $ 20,723  

Provision and Allowance for Loan Losses

The ALL is our best estimate of inherent risk of loss in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The ALL was $20.2 million, or 1.33% of total loans, at December 31, 2009, compared to $17.7 million, or 1.18% of total loans, at December 31, 2008. For the year 2009, our provision for credit losses charged to earnings amounted to $8.2 million, compared to $4.4 million for 2008. The increase in the provision was based on management’s assessment of various factors affecting the loan portfolio, including, among others, growth in the loan portfolio, elevated levels of nonperforming assets, and increased loan losses. The ratio of net loan charge-offs to average loans was 0.37% for 2009 compared to 0.31% for 2008 with 2009 charge-off activity centered in commercial and commercial real estate loans. See additional ALL discussion under the caption “Asset Quality.”

During 2008, we provided $4.4 million of expense to the provision for credit losses compared to $100,000 for 2007. The increase to the ALL for 2008 was primarily due to growth in the loan portfolio, our evaluation of credit quality, and general economic conditions. In 2008, the ratio of non-performing loans to total loans decreased to 0.85% from 0.93% in 2007. However, net charge-offs were $3.3 million greater in 2008 compared to 2007. The ALL as a percentage of total loans was 1.18% at December 31, 2008, a slight decrease from 1.19% at December 31, 2007.

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Non-Interest Income

     
  Year Ended December 31,
     2009   2008   2007
Income from fiduciary services   $ 5,902     $ 6,453     $ 4,914  
Service charges on deposit accounts     5,261       5,375       3,447  
Other service charges and fees     2,908       2,720       1,833  
Bank-owned life insurance     1,476       1,287       832  
Brokerage and insurance commissions     1,356       1,371       826  
Mortgage banking income (loss), net     1,314       (361 )      127  
Net gains (losses) securities     52       (624 )       
Other income     1,178       439       673  
Total non-interest income before security impairment write-down     19,447       16,660       12,652  
Other-than-temporary impairment of Freddie Mac securities           (14,950 )       
Total non-interest income   $ 19,447     $ 1,710     $ 12,652  

Non-interest income for the years ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 totaled $19.4 million and $1.7 million, respectively. The significant changes in 2009 compared to 2008 include:

In 2008, a write-down of $15.0 million of other-than-temporary-impaired securities resulting from investments in Auction Pass-Through Certificates sponsored by Merrill Lynch & Co, the assets of which consisted of Freddie Mac preferred stock. On September 6, 2008, the U.S. Treasury Department placed Freddie Mac in conservatorship and, as a result of this action, the payment of dividends ceased on all Freddie Mac issued stock, including the preferred stock supporting the Auction Pass-Through Certificates,
Decrease in income from fiduciary services of $551,000, or 8.5%, resulting from market value declines in assets under administration,
Increase in earnings on bank-owned life insurance of $189,000 primarily due to an increase in the amount of bank-owned policies resulting purchase of additional policies in the second half of 2008,
Increase in mortgage banking income of $1.7 million due to the sale of $72.5 million of residential mortgages in the secondary market.

Non-interest income decreased to $1.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, from $12.7 million in 2007, which was a decline of $10.9 million. The decline was primarily the result of a $15.0 million write-down of other-than-temporarily-impaired securities resulting from investments in Auction Pass-Through Certificates, which consisted of Freddie Mac preferred stock, and other net security losses of $624,000. These securities losses were partially offset by increases in service charges on deposit accounts of $1.9 million, income from fiduciary services of $1.5 million, other service charges and fees of $887,000, and brokerage and insurance commissions of $545,000.

Non-Interest Expenses

     
  Year Ended December 31,
     2009   2008   2007
Salaries and employee benefits   $ 24,588     $ 24,093     $ 18,486  
Furniture, equipment and data processing     4,359       4,574       2,917  
Regulatory assessments     4,035       1,041       507  
Net occupancy     3,908       4,023       2,739  
Consulting and professional fees     2,955       3,166       2,327  
OREO and collection costs     2,332       1,079       333  
Amortization of core deposit intangible     502       822       856  
Other expenses     8,350       8,018       5,521  
Total non-interest expenses   $ 51,029     $ 46,816     $ 33,686  

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Total non-interest expense increased $4.2 million, or 9.0%, for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to the year ended December 31, 2008. The significant changes in 2009 compared to 2008 include:

Increase in regulatory assessments of $3.0 million due to a $2.9 million increase in the FDIC insurance assessment rates which included a special assessment of $1.1 million levied in the second quarter of 2009 and the full utilization, in 2008, of assessment credits,
Increase in costs associated with foreclosure and collection costs and expenses on other real estate owned of $1.3 million which includes OREO write-downs of $1.0 million due to declining real estate values,
Write-off of an estimated maximum exposure of $637,000 pertaining to misappropriated funds and does not take into consideration recovery efforts,
Modest or declining expenses in most other non-interest expense categories due to cost control measures combined with a full year benefit related to the integration of Union Trust, and,
The efficiency ratio (non-interest expense divided by net interest income on a tax equivalent basis plus non-interest income excluding net investment securities gains/losses) was 54.27% for the year ended December 31, 2009, compared to 52.43% for 2008.

Total non-interest expense increased $13.1 million, or 39.0%, for the year ended December 31, 2008 compared to the year ended December 31, 2007. Increases were recorded in all categories due to the Union Trust acquisition with the most significant increase in salary and employee benefits cost of $5.6 million, furniture, equipment and data processing expenses of $1.7 million, occupancy costs of $1.3 million, and other non-interest expense of $2.5 million (related to integration costs such as courier, debit card program, postage, and donations). In addition, we experienced an increase of $746,000 in foreclosure and collection costs and expenses on other real estate owned related to the increase in non-performing assets.

Income Taxes

Income tax expense totaled $10.4 million, $5.4 million and $8.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The Company’s effective income tax rate was approximately 31.4%, 26.0%, and 29.4% in each of the past three years, respectively. These effective rates differ from our marginal rate of about 35%, primarily due to our significant non-taxable interest income from state and political subdivisions obligations as well as a historic rehabilitation tax credit realized in 2007. A full detail of these amounts can be found in Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

The Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements presented in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, which require the measurement of financial position and operating results in terms of historical dollars without considering changes in the relative purchasing power of money over time due to inflation. Unlike many industrial companies, substantially all of our assets and virtually all of our liabilities are monetary in nature. As a result, interest rates have a more significant impact on our performance than the general level of inflation. Over short periods of time, interest rates and the yield curve may not necessarily move in the same direction or in the same magnitude as inflation.

Financial Condition

Overview

Total assets at December 31, 2009 were $2.2 billion, a decrease of $106.1 million, or 4.5%, from December 31, 2008. The change in assets consisted primarily of a $130.5 million decrease in investments partially offset by net growth in the loan portfolio of $25.9 million. Total liabilities decreased $130.3 million as borrowings decreased $135.8 million partially offset by an increase in total deposits (including brokered deposits) of $6.3 million. Total shareholders’ equity increased $24.2 million, which was a result of current year earnings and an increase in other comprehensive income, partially offset by dividends to shareholders.

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Cash and Due from Banks

Cash and due from banks decreased 15.4%, or $5.4 million, at December 31, 2009 compared to 2008, primarily due to a decrease in clearing funds held at the Federal Reserve Bank (“FRB”) and declines in compensating balances maintained at correspondent banks.

Investment Securities

Investments in securities of U.S. government sponsored enterprises, states and political subdivisions, mortgage-backed securities, Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) and FRB stock, investment grade corporate bonds and equities are used to diversify our revenues, to provide interest rate and credit risk diversification and to provide for liquidity and funding needs. As a result of balance sheet deleveraging, total investment securities decreased $130.5 million, or 19.5%, to $539.6 million at December 31, 2009. We have investment securities in both the available-for-sale and held-to-maturity categories.

Unrealized gains or losses from investments categorized as “held to maturity” are only recorded when, and if, the security is sold or is considered other-than-temporarily impaired. Unrealized gains or losses on securities classified as “available for sale” are recorded as adjustments to shareholders’ equity, net of related deferred income taxes and are a component of other comprehensive income contained in the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity. At December 31, 2009, we had $7.1 million of unrealized gains on securities available for sale, net of the deferred taxes, compared to $89,000 of unrealized losses, net of deferred taxes, at December 31, 2008. The change from 2008 to 2009 is primarily attributed to a decline in market interest rates.

At December 31, 2009, $9.6 million of our private issue collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”) have been downgraded to non-investment grade. The Company’s share of these downgraded CMOs is in the senior tranches. Management believes the unrealized loss for the CMOs is the result of current market illiquidity and the underestimation of value in the market. Stress tests are performed regularly on the higher risk bonds in the portfolio using current statistical data to determine expected cash flows and forecast potential losses. The results of the stress tests at December 31, 2009, reflect no current credit loss in the base case, but did reflect potential future losses. Based on this analysis the Company recorded a $11,000 OTTI write-down on two private issue CMOs.

At December 31, 2009, the Company held Duff & Phelps Select Income Fund Auction Preferred Stock with an amortized cost of $5.0 million which has failed at auction. The security is rated Triple-A by Moody’s and Standard and Poor’s. Management believes the failed auctions are a temporary liquidity event related to this asset class of securities. The Company is currently collecting all amounts due according to contractual terms and has the ability and intent to hold the securities until they clear auction, are called, or mature; therefore, the securities are not considered other than temporarily impaired.

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The following table sets forth the carrying amount of our investment securities as of the dates indicated:

           
  December 31,
(Dollars in Thousands)   2009   2008   2007
Securities available for sale:
                                                     
Obligations of US government sponsored enterprises   $       %    $ 4,603       0.8 %    $ 11,993       2.8 % 
Obligations of states and political subdivisions     18,060       3.8 %      25,347       4.2 %      7,250       1.7 % 
Mortgage-backed securities issued or guaranteed by US government sponsored enterprises     428,356       89.3 %      525,336       86.7 %      317,332       75.0 % 
Private issue collateralized mortgage obligations     28,872       6.0 %      46,777       7.7 %      64,763       15.3 % 
Total debt securities     475,288       99.1 %      602,063       94.4 %      401,338       94.8 % 
Equity securities     4,420       0.9 %      3,968       0.6 %      21,770       5.2 % 
Total securities available for sale     479,708       100.0 %      606,031       100.0 %      423,108       100.0 % 
Securities held to maturity:
                                                     
Obligations of states and political subdivisions     37,914       100.0 %      42,040       100.0 %      40,726       100.0 % 
Total securities held to maturity     37,914       100.0 %      42,040       100.0 %      40,726       100.0 % 
     $ 517,622           $ 648,071           $ 463,834        

The following table sets forth the contractual maturities and fully-taxable equivalent weighted average yields of our investment securities at December 31, 2009.

       
  Available for Sale   Held to Maturity
(Dollars in Thousands)   Book
Value
  Yield to
Maturity
  Amortized
Cost
  Yield to
Maturity
State and political subdivisions:
                                   
Due in 1 year or less   $ 795       3.95 %    $ 167       3.12 % 
Due in 1 to 5 years     4,935       3.68 %      3,456       3.78 % 
Due in 5 to 10 years     10,807       3.86 %      29,773       3.94 % 
Due after 10 years     1,523       3.93 %      4,518       4.02 % 
       18,060       3.82 %      37,914       3.92 % 
Mortgage-backed securities issued or guaranteed by U.S. government sponsored enterprises:
                                   
Due in 1 year or less     4,183       3.61 %             
Due in 1 to 5 years     26,383       4.75 %             
Due in 5 to 10 years     47,213       4.53 %             
Due after 10 years     350,577       4.61 %             
       428,356       4.60 %             
Private issue collateralized mortgage obligations:
                          
Due after 10 years     28,872       4.60 %             
       28,872       4.60 %             
Equity securities:
                                   
Due after 10 years     4,420       0.24 %             
       4,420       0.24 %             
Total securities   $ 479,708       4.53 %    $ 37,914       3.92 % 

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Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

We are required to maintain a level of investment in FHLB Boston (“FHLBB”) stock based on the level of our FHLB advances. As of December 31, 2009 and 2008, our investment in FHLB stock totaled $21.0 million. No market exists for shares of the FHLB. FHLB stock may be redeemed at par value five years following termination of FHLB membership, subject to limitations which may be imposed by the FHLB or its regulator, the Federal Housing Finance Board, to maintain capital adequacy of the FHLB. While we currently have no intention to terminate our FHLB membership, the ability to redeem our investment in FHLB stock would be subject to the conditions imposed by the FHLB.

In early 2009, the FHLB advised its members that it is focusing on preserving capital in response to ongoing market volatility. Accordingly, payments of quarterly dividends for 2009 were suspended and payment of quarterly dividends in 2010 is unlikely. During 2008, we received $1.0 million in dividends from the FHLB. Further, the FHLB has placed a moratorium on excess stock repurchases from its members. We will continue to monitor our investment in FHLB stock.

Loans

The Bank provides loans primarily to customers located within its geographic market area. At December 31, 2009, loans of $1.5 billion increased $25.9 million from December 31, 2008 due to increases in commercial real estate loans, consumer loans, and residential real estate loans of $34.5 million, $7.2 million, and $6.6 million, respectively. These increases were partially offset by a decline in the commercial portfolio of $22.5 million as a result of normal pay-downs and decreased demand.

The following table sets forth the composition of our loan portfolio at the dates indicated.

                   
December 31,
(Dollars in Thousands)   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005
Residential real estate   $ 627,655       41 %    $ 621,048       41 %    $ 410,687       36 %    $ 412,812       34 %    $ 375,399       32 % 
Commercial real estate     434,783       28 %      400,312       27 %      333,506       29 %      392,381       32 %      429,490       36 % 
Commercial     191,214       13 %      213,683       14 %      197,736       17 %      213,450       18 %      187,752       16 % 
Consumer     273,106       18 %      265,865       18 %      203,710       18 %      199,486       16 %      189,534       16 % 
     $ 1,526,758       100 %    $ 1,500,908       100 %    $ 1,145,639       100 %    $ 1,218,129       100 %    $ 1,182,175       100 % 

Residential real estate loans consist of loans secured by one-to-four family residences. We generally retain adjustable-rate mortgages in the portfolio and, based on market risk assessments, frequently will retain fixed-rate mortgages. Residential real estate loan balances increased $6.6 million, or 1.1% at December 31, 2009 compared to a year ago. Mortgage refinancing activity was elevated during 2009 compared to prior years due to low mortgage rates. We originated and sold $72.5 million in residential fixed-rate real estate production on the secondary market to Freddie Mac. Due to historically low mortgage rates in 2009, a decision was made to sell current production falling under specified rates, as determined by our Asset/Liability Committee (“ALCO”). In 2008, residential real estate mortgage loans increased $210.4 million, or 51.2%, as a result of the assumption of $221.0 million from the Union Trust acquisition, in part offset by normal pay downs and declines in demand. The decline in demand was caused by continued volatility in the real estate market resulting from the tightening of credit markets and general declines in real estate values, which negatively impacted consumer demand for mortgage loans.

Commercial real estate loans consist of loans secured by income and non-income producing commercial real estate. We focus on lending to financially sound business customers within our geographic marketplace, as well as offering loans for the acquisition, development and construction of commercial real estate. In 2009, commercial real estate loans increased $34.5 million, or 8.6%, as a result of solid credit opportunities resulting from the pull-back of many financial institutions. In 2008, commercial real estate loans increased $66.8 million, or 20.0%, as a result of the assumption of $86.5 million from the Union Trust acquisition, partially offset by pay-offs and normal pay-downs of the commercial real estate portfolio, combined with softening demand due to economic factors and increased competition related to the rate and structure of loan agreements. In addition, we charged-off $3.2 million of commercial real estate loans and moved approximately $3.6 million to other real estate owned.

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Commercial loans consist of loans secured by various corporate assets, as well as loans to provide working capital in the form of lines of credit, which may be secured or unsecured. Municipal loans primarily consist of short-term tax anticipation notes made to municipalities for fixed asset or construction related purposes and are included in commercial loans. We focus on lending to financially sound business customers and municipalities within our geographic marketplace. In 2009, commercial loans decreased $22.5 million, or 10.5%, as a result of pay-downs and decreased demand. In 2008, commercial loans increased$15.9 million, or 8.1%, as a result of the Union Trust acquisition, partially offset by softening demand, continued pay-offs and normal pay-downs of the commercial portfolio.

Consumer loans are originated for a wide variety of purposes designed to meet the needs of customers. Consumer loans include overdraft protection, automobile, boat, recreation vehicle, and mobile home loans, home equity loans and lines, and secured and unsecured personal loans. In 2009, consumer loans increased by $7.2 million, or 2.7%, primarily as a result of utilization of low rate home equity loans and lines for home improvement, to consolidate debt and for general consumer purposes. In 2008, consumer loans increased by $62.2 million, or 30.5%, as a result of the assumption of $25.4 million from the Union Trust acquisition, and the demand for low rate home equity loans.

Asset Quality

The Board of Directors monitors credit risk management through the Directors’ Loan Committee and Corporate Risk Management. The Directors’ Loan Committee reviews large exposure credit requests, monitors asset quality on a regular basis and has approval authority for credit granting policies. Corporate Risk Management oversees management’s systems and procedures to monitor the credit quality of the loan portfolio, conduct a loan review program, maintain the integrity of the loan rating system and determine the adequacy of the ALL. Our practice is to identify problem credits early and take charge-offs as promptly as practicable. In addition, management continuously reassesses its underwriting standards in response to credit risk posed by changes in economic conditions.

Non-Performing Assets.  Non-performing assets include non-accrual loans, accruing loans 90 days or more past due, renegotiated loans and property acquired through foreclosure or repossession.

The following table sets forth the amount of our non-performing assets as of the dates indicated:

         
  December 31,
(Dollars in Thousands)   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005
Non-accrual loans   $ 17,940     $ 12,501     $ 10,625     $ 13,124     $ 8,938  
Accruing loans past due 90 days     1,135       206       6       555       447  
Renegotiated loans not included above     581                          
Total non-performing loans     19,656       12,707       10,631       13,679       9,385  
Other real estate owned     5,479       4,024       400       125        
Total non-performing assets   $ 25,135     $ 16,731     $ 11,031     $ 13,804     $ 9,385  
Non-performing loans to total loans     1.29 %      0.85 %      0.93 %      1.12 %      0.79 % 
Allowance for credit losses to non-performing loans     103.26 %      139.22 %      128.43 %      109.17 %      150.95 % 
Non-performing assets to total assets     1.13 %      0.71 %      0.64 %      0.78 %      0.57 % 
Allowance for credit losses to non-performing assets     80.75 %      105.73 %      123.77 %      108.18 %      150.95 % 

The OREO balance at December 31, 2009 consisted of ten properties, including two residential properties, seven commercial/mixed use properties, and one parcel of raw land. During 2009, the Company recorded an OREO valuation allowance primarily related to two properties that were included in OREO at December 31, 2008. The first property is a parcel of raw land that the Company relied upon the appraised value and an offer to purchase the land at the time of acquisition. The sale of the property did not occur and due to the continued deterioration in the real estate market, the value of the property was reassessed during the first quarter of 2009, which resulted in a $666,000 increase in the valuation allowance. The second property is a commercial property that was reassessed during the third quarter of 2009 and a new appraisal

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resulted in a $340,000 increase in the valuation allowance. The OREO balance is higher than we have historically experienced, and in light of the current economic environment and limited bid activity at the point of auction, we anticipate the level of OREO to continue to be at a higher than normal level.

Non-performing loans increased $6.9 million since December 31, 2008 due to the deterioration in economic conditions, resulting from a continued decrease in retail sales in our market area, rising unemployment, and an overall decline in real estate values. The portfolio of loans listed as non-performing are diversified by region, collateral, and loan size. Our largest single exposure is secured by a commercial property in the southern region of the state. Until the economy improves, we expect that non-performing loans will remain at elevated levels.

Non-Accrual Loans.  A loan is classified as non-accrual generally when it becomes 90 days past due as to interest or principal payments. All previously accrued but unpaid interest on non-accrual loans is reversed from interest income in the current period. Interest payments received on non-accrual loans (including impaired loans) are applied as a reduction of principal. A loan remains on non-accrual status until all principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured.

Non-accrual loans at December 31, 2009 were $17.9 million, or 1.18% of total loans, compared to $12.5 million, or 0.83% of total loans, at December 31, 2008. The following table sets forth information concerning non-accrual loans at the date indicated.

   
(Dollars in Thousands)   December 31,
2009
  December 31,
2008
Non-accrual Loans:
                 
Residential real estate loans   $ 6,161     $ 4,048  
Commercial real estate     6,476       4,957  
Commercial loans     4,145       2,384  
Consumer loans     1,158       1,112  
Total Non-accrual Loans   $ 17,940     $ 12,501  

Interest income that would have been recognized if loans on non-accrual status had been current in accordance with their original terms was approximately $961,000, $838,000 and $535,000 in 2009, 2008, and 2007, respectively. Interest income attributable to these loans included in the Consolidated Statements of Income amounted to approximately $431,000, $498,000 and $456,000 in 2009, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

Potential Problem Loans.  Potential problem loans consist of classified accruing commercial and commercial real estate loans that were between 30 and 89 days past due. Such loans are characterized by weaknesses in the financial condition of borrowers or collateral deficiencies. Based on historical experience, the credit quality of some of these loans may improve due to changes in collateral values or the financial condition of the borrowers, while the credit quality of other loans may deteriorate, resulting in some amount of loss. These loans are not included in the analysis of non-accrual loans above. At December 31, 2009, potential problem loans amounted to approximately $1.7 million, or 0.11% of total loans, compared to $4.1 million, or 0.27% of total loans at December 31, 2008. The reduction was attributed in part to the migration of a portion of potential problem loans at December 31, 2008 to non-accrual status during 2009.

Past Due Loans.  Past due loans consist of accruing loans that were between 30 and 89 days past due, include the potential problem loans noted above. The following table sets forth information concerning the past due loans at the date indicated.

   
(Dollars in Thousands)   December 31,
2009
  December 31,
2008
Loans 30 – 89 days past due:
                 
Residential real estate loans   $ 1,847     $ 2,880  
Commercial real estate     2,196       2,314  
Commercial loans     639       3,601  
Consumer loans     563       829  
Total loans 30 – 89 days past due   $ 5,245     $ 9,624  
Loans 30 – 89 days past due to total loans     0.34 %      0.64 % 

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Allowance for Loan Losses.  We use a methodology to systematically measure the amount of estimated loan loss exposure inherent in the loan portfolio for purposes of establishing a sufficient allowance for loan losses. During 2009, there were no significant changes to the allowance assessment methodology. The allowance is management’s best estimate of the probable loan losses as of the balance sheet date. The allowance is increased by provisions charged to earnings and by recoveries of amounts previously charged off, and is reduced by charge-offs on loans.

Reserve for Unfunded Commitments.  The reserve for unfunded commitments is based on management’s estimate of the amount required to reflect the probable inherent losses on outstanding letters and unused loan credit lines. Adequacy of the reserve is determined using a consistent, systematic methodology, similar to the one, which analyzes the allowance for loan losses. Additionally, management must also estimate the likelihood that these commitments would be funded and become loans. This is done by evaluating the historical utilization of each type of unfunded commitment and estimating the likelihood that the current utilization rates on lines available at the balance sheet date could increase in the future.

The following table sets forth information concerning the activity in our allowance for credit losses during the periods indicated.

         
  Years Ended December 31,
(Dollars in Thousands)   2009   2008   2007   2006   2005
Allowance for loan losses at the beginning of period   $ 17,691     $ 13,653     $ 14,933     $ 14,167     $ 13,641  
Acquired from Union Trust           4,369                    
Provision for loan losses     8,162       4,397       100       2,208       1,265  
Charge-offs:
                                            
Residential real estate loans     792       221       50             55  
Commercial real estate     1,844       3,236       416       1,030       30  
Commercial loans     2,640       1,286       1,411       569       885  
Consumer loans     1,180       810       315       234       254  
Total loan charge-offs     6,456       5,553       2,192       1,833       1,224  
Recoveries:
                                            
Residential real estate loans     10       12             13       25  
Commercial real estate loans     127       78       215             5  
Commercial loans     306       422       425       202       306  
Consumer loans     406       313       172       176       149  
Total loan recoveries     849       825       812       391       485  
Net charge-offs     5,607       4,728       1,380       1,442       739  
Allowance for loan losses at the end of the period   $ 20,246     $ 17,691     $ 13,653     $ 14,933     $ 14,167  
Components of allowance for credit losses:
                                            
Allowance for loan losses   $ 20,246     $ 17,691     $ 13,653     $ 14,933     $ 14,167  
Liability for unfunded credit commitments     51                          
Balance of allowance for credit losses at end of the period   $ 20,297     $ 17,691     $ 13,653     $ 14,933     $ 14,167  
Average loans outstanding   $ 1,508,204     $ 1,517,863     $ 1,187,627     $ 1,225,933     $ 1,129,004  
Net charge-offs to average loans outstanding     0.37 %      0.31 %      0.12 %      0.12 %      0.07 % 
Provision for credit losses to average loans outstanding     0.54 %      0.29 %      0.01 %      0.18 %      0.11 % 
Allowance for loan losses to total loans     1.33 %      1.18 %      1.19 %      1.23 %      1.20 % 
Allowance for credit losses to net charge-offs     361.99 %      374.18 %      989.35 %      1035.58 %      1917.05 % 
Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans     103.00 %      39.22 %      128.43 %      109.17 %      150.95 % 
Allowance for loan losses to non-performing assets     80.55 %      105.73 %      123.77 %      108.18 %      150.95 % 

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During 2009, the Company provided $8.2 million of expense to the ALL compared to $4.4 million for 2008. The determination of an appropriate level of ALL, and resulting provision for loan losses, which affects earnings, is based on our analysis of various economic factors and review of the loan portfolio, which may change due to numerous factors including loan growth, payoffs of lower quality loans, recoveries on previously charged-off loans, improvement in the financial condition of the borrowers, risk rating downgrades/upgrades and charge-offs. We utilize a comprehensive approach toward determining the ALL, which includes an expanded risk rating system to assist us in identifying the risks being undertaken, as well as migration within the overall loan portfolio. The increase in the provision for loan losses was primarily a result of an increase in net charge-offs mainly associated with commercial real estate and commercial loans. Non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets amounted to 1.13% at December 31, 2009, compared to 0.71% at December 31, 2008, resulting from an increase in non-accrual loans. Our local economy has continued to experience a decline in retail sales, rising unemployment, and an overall decline in real estate values. We believe the ALL of $20.2 million, or 1.33% of total loans outstanding and 103.0% of total non-performing loans at December 31, 2009, was appropriate given the current economic conditions in our service area and the condition of the loan portfolio, although if conditions continue to deteriorate, more provision may be needed. The ALL was 1.18% of total loans outstanding and 139.2% of total non-performing loans at December 31, 2008.

We remain vigilant in the monitoring of asset quality and continue to be proactive in resolving credit issues and managing through the economic cycle. We believe the economy is still in a credit cycle correction and could be negatively affected by national, regional and local economic impacts. We continue to have concerns regarding various industries, including fishing, hospitality, and commercial real estate development, and do not yet know how the economy will bear out. An additional future risk factor is a potential change in federal and state regulations which may impact a bank’s ability to take appropriate action to protect its financial interests in certain loan situations.

For further discussion of the ALL, refer to the Critical Accounting Policies section, Item 1A. Risk Factors and the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The following table sets forth information concerning the allocation of the ALL by loan categories at the dates indicated.

                   
   As of December 31,
     2009   2008   2007   2006   2005
(Dollars in Thousands)   Amount   Percent of
Loans in
Each
Category
to Total
Loans
  Amount   Percent of Loans in
Each
Category
to Total
Loans
  Amount   Percent of Loans in
Each
Category
to Total
Loans
  Amount   Percent of
Loans in
Each
Category
to Total
Loans
  Amount   Percent of
Loans in
Each
Category
to Total
Loans
Balance at end of year applicable to:
                                                                                         
Commercial and commercial real estate loans   $ 11,576       41 %    $ 10,136       41 %    $ 9,249       46 %    $ 10,691       50 %    $ 10,148       52 % 
Residential real estate loans     2,714       41 %      2,985       41 %      1,461       36 %      1,370       34 %      1,172       32 % 
Consumer loans     2,335       18 %      2,294       18 %      1,169       18 %      1,097       16 %      1,011       16 % 
Unallocated     3,621       N/A       2,276       N/A       1,774       N/A       1,775       N/A       1,836       N/A  
     $ 20,246       100