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EX-23.2 - EX-23.2 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex23_2.htm
EX-23.1 - EX-23.1 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex23_1.htm
EX-10.74 - EX-10.74 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex10_74.htm
EX-10.73 - EX-10.73 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex10_73.htm
EX-10.72 - EX-10.72 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex10_72.htm
EX-4.5 - EX-4.5 - PARKERVISION INCprkr-20191231xex4_5.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K



(Mark One)



(X)   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019



or



(  )   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________to__________



Commission file number 000-22904



PARKERVISION, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)





 

 

Florida

 

59-2971472

(State of Incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer ID No.)



9446 Philips Highway, Suite 5A

Jacksonville, Florida 32256

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (904) 732-6100



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:



 

 

Title of Each Class

Trading

Symbol(s)

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $.01 par value

PRKR

OTCQB

Common Stock Rights

 

OTCQB



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes (  ) No (X)



Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act.  Yes (  ) No (X)



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes (X) No (  )



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes (X) No (  )



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





 

Large accelerated filer (  )

Accelerated filer (  )

Non-accelerated filer (X) 

Smaller reporting company (X)



Emerging growth company (  )



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   (  )



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).   Yes (  ) No (X)



As of June 28, 2019, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock, $.01 par value, held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $3,069,058 (based upon $0.10 share closing price on that date, as reported by OTCQB).



As of March 30, 2020, 43,102,745 shares of the Issuer's Common Stock were outstanding.

 



 

 

 


 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 





 

 

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

PART I

 

Item 1.

Business

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

13 

Item 2.

Properties

13 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

13 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

13 

PART II

 

Item 5.

Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

14 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

14 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

14 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

21 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

22 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

62 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

62 

Item 9B.

Other Information

63 

PART III

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

64 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

67 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

69 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence

71 

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

71 

PART IV

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

73 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

78 



 

 

SIGNATURES

79 



 

 

 

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INTRODUCTORY NOTE



Unless the context otherwise requires, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”), “we”, “us”, “our” and the “Company” mean ParkerVision, Inc. and its wholly-owned German subsidiary, ParkerVision GmbH.



Forward-Looking Statements



We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to our shareholders and to the public.  This Annual Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, without limitation, statements about our future plans, objectives, and expectations under the headings “Item 1. Business” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”  Forward-looking statements include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact.  When used in this Annual Report and in future filings by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the words or phrases “will likely result”, “management expects”, “we expect”, “will continue”, “is anticipated”, “estimated” or similar expressions are intended to identify such “forward-looking statements.”  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements, each of which speaks only as of the date made.  Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results and those presently anticipated or projected, including the risks and uncertainties set forth in this Annual Report under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and in our other periodic reports.  Examples of such risks and uncertainties include general economic and business conditions, the outcome of litigation, unexpected changes in technologies and technological advances, reliance on our intellectual property, and the ability to obtain adequate financing in the future. We have no obligation to publicly release the results of any revisions which may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect anticipated events or circumstances occurring after the date of such statements.



PART I



Item 1.  Business.



We were incorporated under the laws of the state of Florida on August 22, 1989.  We are in the business of innovating fundamental wireless technologies and products.  We have designed and developed proprietary radio frequency (“RF”) technologies and integrated circuits for use in wireless communication products. We also designed, developed and marketed a consumer distributed WiFi product line under the brand name Milo®



We have expended significant financial and other resources to research and develop our RF technologies and to obtain patent protection for those technologies in the United States of America (“U.S.”) and certain foreign jurisdictions.  We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others and therefore the primary focus of our business plan is now the enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts.  We currently have patent enforcement actions ongoing in various U.S. district courts against mobile handset providers and their chip suppliers for the infringement of a number of our RF patents.



We restructured our operations during the third quarter of 2018 in order to reduce operating expenses in light of our limited capital resources.  Accordingly, we significantly reduced our ongoing investment in the Milo product and ceased our integrated circuit development efforts.  In early 2019, we ceased substantially all ongoing research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed resources to support our patent enforcement and product sales and support efforts.  We ceased sales of our Milo products in the fourth quarter of 2019. 

 

 

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General Development of Business 



Due to a number of factors contributing to a lack of liquidity in 2018, a change in our business plans was required.  Accordingly, in August 2018, we implemented cost reduction measures that included a significant reduction in our workforce, the closure of our engineering design center in Lake Mary, Florida and a reduction in executive and management salaries.  As a result of these measures, we ceased ongoing chip development activities and significantly curtailed our spending for sales and marketing of our Milo product line in order to focus our limited resources on our patent enforcement program. We ceased sales of our Milo products during the fourth quarter of 2019 in order to focus solely on patent enforcement actions.



From a patent enforcement standpoint, we spent much of 2019 supporting our two patent infringement cases against Qualcomm and others that are currently scheduled for jury trials in August and December 2020, respectively.  In addition, during 2019, we declined to appeal adverse decisions on our patent infringement actions in the German courts and, accordingly, we currently have no patent enforcement actions ongoing in Germany.  See “Legal Proceedings” in Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a detailed description of our various patent enforcement actions. 



A significant portion of our litigation costs have been funded under a secured contingent payment arrangement with Brickell Key Investments, LP (“Brickell”) and other contingent arrangements with legal counsel.  In 2019, we funded our operations primarily through the issuance of convertible debt.  See “Liquidity and Capital Resources” included in Item 7 for a full discussion of our litigation funding arrangements and our equity and debt financings. 



Milo WiFi Products

Our Milo-branded WiFi products were produced and sold from 2017 to 2019.  These products offered a cost-effective networking system to enhance WiFi connectivity by effectively distributing the WiFi signal from existing routers and modems throughout a broader coverage area.  We marketed these products primarily to consumers through Amazon.com and other online outlets, including our own direct-to-consumer online retail site. 



Our Milo products did not generate the revenue growth that we anticipated in 2018, in part due to our lack of sufficient financial resources to establish brand recognition and expand sales channels.  Accordingly, as part of our restructuring in August 2018, we made significant reductions in our product sales, marketing, development and operations staff  as well as our expenditures for advertising and other marketing promotions, causing sales to further decline.  In the fourth quarter of 2019, we ceased sales of our Milo products.   



The components for the production of our Milo products were generally purchased from third-party suppliers, including contract manufacturers, on a purchase order basis.  To mitigate supply risk, and based on long lead-times and anticipated consumer demand, we built up a significant Milo component and finished product inventory.   As a result, in connection with our restructuring in August 2018, we ceased production and recognized impairment charges against our on-hand inventories. 



Our Milo products competed with WiFi networking products offered by companies such as Google, Belkin/Linksys, D-Link, NetGear, Eero (purchased by Amazon), and others.  We also faced competition from service providers who bundle competing networking devices with their service offering.  Although we believe our products were able to compete based on performance, ease-of-installation, price and customer support, our competitors have substantially greater financial resources and brand awareness that we believe were significant factors in the lack of success of our product line. 



 

 

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RF Technologies



Our RF technologies enable highly accurate transmission and reception of RF carriers at low power, thereby enabling extended battery life, and certain size, cost, performance, and packaging advantages. 

We believe the most significant hurdle to the licensing and/or sale of our technologies and related products is the widespread use of certain of our technologies in infringing products produced by companies with significantly greater financial, technical and sales and marketing resources.  We believe we can gain adoption and/or secure licensing agreements with unauthorized current users of one or more of our technologies, and therefore compete, based on a solid and defensible patent portfolio and the advantages enabled by our unique circuit architectures. 



Patents and Trademarks



We consider our intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, trademarks, and trade secrets to be significant to our business plan.  We have a program to file applications for and obtain patents, copyrights, and trademarks in the U.S. and in selected foreign countries where we believe filing for such protection is appropriate to establish and maintain our proprietary rights in our technology and products.  As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately 130 active U.S. and foreign patents related to our RF technologies.  In addition, we have a number of recently expired patents that we believe continue to have significant economic value as a result of our ability to assert past damages in our patent enforcement actions.  We estimate the economic lives of our patents to be the shorter of fifteen years from issuance or twenty years from the earliest application date.  Our current portfolio of issued patents have expirations ranging from 2020 to 2036. 



Employees



As of December 31, 2019, we had 10 full-time and 2 part-time employees.  We also outsource certain specialty services, such as information technology, and utilize contract staff and third-party consultants from time to time to supplement our workforce.  Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining agreements and we consider our employee relations to be satisfactory.



Available Information and Access to Reports



We file annual reports on Forms 10-K, quarterly reports on Forms 10-Q, proxy statements and other reports, including any amendments thereto, electronically with the SEC.  The SEC maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) where these reports may be obtained at no charge.  We also make copies of these reports available, free of charge through our website (http://www.parkervision.com) via the link “SEC filings” as soon as practicable after filing or furnishing such materials with the SEC. 



Corporate Website



We announce investor information, including news and commentary about our business, financial performance and related matters, SEC filings, notices of investor events, and our press and earnings releases, in the investor relations section of our website (http://ir.parkervision.com). Additionally, if applicable, we webcast our earnings calls and certain events we participate in or host with members of the investment community in the investor relations section of our website.   Investors and others can receive notifications of new information posted in the investor relations section in real time by signing up for email alerts and/or RSS feeds.  Further corporate governance information, including our governance guidelines, Board committee charters, and code of conduct, is also available in the investor relations section of our website under the heading “Corporate Governance.”  The content of our website is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report or in any other report or document we file with the SEC, and any references to our website are intended to be inactive textual references only.

 

 

 

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Item 1A.  Risk Factors.



In addition to other risks and uncertainties described in this Annual Report, the following risk factors should be carefully considered in evaluating our business because such factors may have a significant impact on our business, operating results, liquidity and financial condition.  As a result of the risk factors set forth below, actual results could differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements.



Our financial condition raises substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern.



We have had significant losses and negative cash flows in every year since inception, and continue to have an accumulated deficit which, at December 31, 2019, was approximately $401.8 million. Our net losses for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were approximately $9.5 million and $20.9 million, respectively.  Our independent registered public accounting firm has included in their audit opinion on our consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019, a statement with respect to substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 includes a discussion regarding our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern. Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming we will continue to operate as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.  If we become unable to continue as a going concern, we may have to liquidate our assets and the values we receive for our assets in liquidation or dissolution could be significantly lower than the values reflected in our consolidated financial statements.  The substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern may adversely affect our ability to negotiate reasonable terms with our vendors and may adversely affect our ability to raise additional capital in the future.

We have had a history of losses which may ultimately compromise our ability to implement our business plan and continue in operation.



To date, our technologies and products have not produced revenues sufficient to cover our operating costs. We will continue to make expenditures on patent protection and enforcement and general operations in order to continue our current patent enforcement efforts. Those efforts may not produce a successful financial outcome in 2020, or at all.  Without a successful financial outcome from one or more of our patent enforcement efforts, we will not achieve profitability.  Furthermore, our current capital resources are not sufficient to sustain our operations through 2020.  If we are not able to generate sufficient revenues or obtain sufficient capital resources, we will not be able to implement our business plan or meet our current obligations due within the twelve months after the issuance date of our consolidated financial statements and investors will suffer a loss in their investment. This may also result in a change in our business strategies.

We will need to raise substantial additional capital in the future to fund our operations.  Failure to raise such additional capital may prevent us from implementing our business plan as currently formulated.



Because we have had net losses and, to date, have not generated positive cash flow from operations, we have funded our operating losses primarily from the sale of debt and equity securities, including our secured contingent debt obligation.  Our capital resources include cash and cash equivalents of $0.06 million at December 31, 2019 and proceeds of approximately $2.1 million received during the first quarter of 2020 from various debt and equity transactions.   Although we implemented significant cost reduction measures in 2018 and 2019, our business plan will continue to require expenditures for patent protection and enforcement and general operations. For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we used $3.4 million and $10.3 million, respectively in cash for operations which was funded primarily through the sale of convertible debt and equity securities. Our current capital resources will not be sufficient to meet our working capital needs for the twelve months after the issuance of our consolidated

 

 

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financial statements and we will require additional capital to fund our operations. Additional capital may be in the form of debt securities, the sale of equity securities, including common or preferred stock, additional litigation funding, or a combination thereof. Failure to raise additional capital will have a material adverse impact on our ability to achieve our business objectives.



Raising additional capital by issuing debt securities or additional equity securities may result in dilution and/or impose covenants or restrictions that create operational limitations or other obligations.



We will require additional capital to fund our operations and meet our current obligations due within the twelve months after the issuance date of our consolidated financial statements.  Financing, if any, may be in the form of debt or sales of equity securities, including common or preferred stock.  Debt instruments or the sale of preferred stock may result in the imposition of operational limitations and other covenants and payment obligations, any of which may be burdensome to us and may have a material adverse impact on our ability to implement our business plan as currently formulated.  The sale of equity securities, including common or preferred stock, may result in dilution to the current stockholders’ ownership and may be limited by the number of shares we have authorized and available for issuance.



We may be obligated to repay outstanding notes at a premium upon the occurrence of an event of default.



We have $2.3 million in secured and unsecured notes payable and $3.6 million in outstanding principal under convertible notes payable at December 31, 2019 and we have an additional $0.5 million in outstanding principal under convertible notes issued in the first quarter of 2020.  If we fail to comply with the various covenants set forth in each of the notes, including failure to pay principal or interest when due or, under certain notes, consummating a change in control, we could be in default thereunder. Upon an event of default under each of the notes, the interest rate of the notes will increase to 12% per annum and the outstanding principal balance of the notes plus all accrued unpaid interest may be declared immediately payable by the holders. We may not have sufficient available funds to repay the notes upon an event of default, and we cannot provide assurances that we will be able to obtain other financing at terms acceptable to us, or at all. 

Our ability to utilize our tax benefits could be substantially limited if we fail to generate sufficient income or if we experience an “ownership change.”



We have cumulative net operating loss carryforwards (“NOLs”) totaling approximately $335.1 million at December 31, 2019, of which $314.8 million is subject to expiration in varying amounts from 2020 to 2037.  Our ability to fully recognize the benefits from those NOLs is dependent upon our ability to generate sufficient income prior to their expiration.  In addition, our NOL carryforwards may be limited if we experience an ownership change as defined by Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (“Section 382”).  In general, an ownership change under Section 382 occurs if 5% shareholders increase their collective ownership of the aggregate amount of our outstanding shares by more than 50 percentage points over a relevant lookback period. The sale of additional equity securities may trigger an ownership change under Section 382 which will significantly limit our ability to utilize our tax benefits.  In order to avoid limitations imposed by Section 382, we may be limited in the amount of additional equity securities we are able to sell to raise capital. 



Our litigation funding arrangements may impair our ability to obtain future financing and/or generate sufficient cash flows to support our future operations.



We have funded much of our cost of litigation through contingent financing arrangements with Brickell and contingent fee arrangements with legal counsel.  The repayment obligation to Brickell is secured by the majority of our assets until such time that we have repaid a specified minimum return.  Furthermore, our contingent arrangements will result in reductions in the amount of net proceeds retained by us from

 

 

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litigation, licensing and other patent-related activities.  The contingent fees payable to others could exceed half of our future proceeds depending on size and timing of proceeds, among other factors. The long-term continuation of our business plan is dependent upon our ability to secure sufficient financing to support our business, and our ability to generate revenues and/or patent related proceeds sufficient to offset expenses and meet our contingent payment obligation.  Failure to generate revenue or other patent-related proceeds sufficient to repay our contingent obligation may impede our ability to obtain additional financing which will have a material adverse effect on our ability to achieve our long-term business objectives.



Our litigation can be time-consuming, costly and we cannot anticipate the results.



Since 2011, we have spent a significant amount of our financial and management resources to pursue patent infringement litigation against third parties. We believe this litigation, and other litigation matters that we may in the future determine to pursue, will continue to consume management and financial resources for long periods of time. There can be no assurance that our current or future litigation matters will ultimately result in a favorable outcome for us or that our financial resources will not be exhausted before achieving a favorable outcome.   In addition, even if we obtain favorable interim rulings or verdicts in particular litigation matters, they may not be predictive of the ultimate resolution of the matter. Unfavorable outcomes could result in exhaustion of our financial resources and could hinder our ability to pursue licensing and/or product opportunities for our technologies in the future.  Failure to achieve favorable outcomes from one or more of our patent enforcement actions will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and business prospects. We have contingent fee arrangements in place with others to reduce our litigation related expenditures; however any litigation-based or other patent-related amounts collected by us will be subject to contingency payments to our legal counsel and other funding parties which will reduce the amount retained by us.



If our patents and intellectual property rights do not provide us with the anticipated market protections, our competitive position, business, and prospects will be impaired.



We rely on our intellectual property rights, including patents and patent applications, to provide competitive advantage and protect us from theft of our intellectual property. We believe that our patents are for entirely new technologies and that our patents are valid, enforceable and valuable. However, third parties have made claims of invalidity with respect to certain of our patents and other similar claims may be brought in the future. For example, the Federal Patent Court in Munich recently invalidated one of our patents that was the subject of infringement cases against LG and Apple in Germany following a nullity claim filed by Qualcomm.  If our patents are shown not to be as broad as currently believed, or are otherwise challenged such that some or all of the protection is lost, we will suffer adverse effects from the loss of competitive advantage and our ability to offer unique products and technologies. As a result, there would be an adverse impact on our financial condition and business prospects. Furthermore, defending against challenges to our patents may give rise to material costs for defense and divert resources away from our other activities.



Our business, results of operations, and financial condition may be impacted by the recent coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.



The global spread of COVID-19 has created significant volatility and uncertainty in financial markets.  If such volatility and uncertainty persist, we may be unable to raise additional capital on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all.  Additionally, in response to the pandemic, governments and the private sector have taken a number of drastic measures to contain the spread of COVID-19.  While our employees currently have the ability and are encouraged to work remotely, such measures may have a substantial impact on employee attendance or productivity, which, along with the possibility of employees’ illness, may adversely affect our operations. 



 

 

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In addition, COVID-19 is expected to negatively impact the timing of our current patent infringement actions as a result of office closures, travel restrictions and court closures.  For example, each of our patent infringement cases in Florida have motions pending or granted for the extension of certain court deadlines due to the impact of COVID-19.  



Although COVID-19 is currently not material to our results of operations, there is significant uncertainty relating to the potential impact of COVID-19 on our business.  The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our ongoing patent enforcement actions and our ability to obtain financing, as well as our results of operations and financial condition, generally, will depend on future developments which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions taken by governments and private businesses to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others.  If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 continue for an extensive period of time, our business, results of operations, and financial condition may be materially adversely affected. 



We are subject to outside influences beyond our control, including new legislation that could adversely affect our licensing and enforcement activities and have an adverse impact on the execution of our business plan.



Our licensing and enforcement activities are subject to numerous risks from outside influences, including new legislation, regulations and rules related to obtaining or enforcing patents. For instance, the U.S. has enacted sweeping changes to the U.S. patent system including changes that transition the U.S. from a “first-to-invent” to a “first-to-file” system and that alter the processes for challenging issued patents. To the extent that we are unable to secure patent protection for our future technologies and/or our current patents are challenged such that some or all of our protection is lost, we will suffer adverse effects to our ability to offer unique products and technologies. As a result, there would be an adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows and our ability to execute our business plan.



Our industry is subject to rapid technological changes which if we are unable to match or surpass, will result in a loss of competitive advantage and market opportunity.



Because of the rapid technological development that regularly occurs in the wireless technology industry, along with shifting user needs and the introduction of competing products and services, we have historically devoted substantial resources to developing and improving our technology and introducing new product offerings.  As a result of our limited financial resources, we have ceased our research and development activities which could result in a loss of future market opportunity which could adversely affect our future revenue potential.



We are highly dependent on Mr. Jeffrey Parker as our chief executive officer.  If his services were lost, it would have an adverse impact on the execution of our business plan. 



Because of Mr. Parker’s leadership position in the company, the relationships he has garnered in both the industry in which we operate and the investment community, and the key role he plays in our patent litigation strategies, the loss of his services might be seen as an impediment to the execution of our business plan.  If Mr. Parker was no longer available to the company, investors might experience an adverse impact on their investment.  We maintain $5 million in key-employee life insurance for our benefit for Mr. Parker.



If we are unable to retain key executives and other highly skilled employees, we will not be able to execute our current business plans.



Our business is dependent on having skilled and specialized key executives and other employees to conduct our business activities. The inability to retain these key executives and other specialized employees would have an adverse impact on the technical support activities and the financial reporting

 

 

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and regulatory compliance activities that our business requires.  These activities are instrumental to the successful execution of our business plan.



Any disruptions to our information technology systems or breaches of our network security could interrupt our operations, compromise our reputation, and expose us to litigation, government enforcement actions, and costly response measures and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.



We rely on information technology systems, including third-party hosted servers and cloud-based servers, to keep business, financial, and corporate records, communicate internally and externally, and operate other critical functions. If any of our internal systems or the systems of our third-party providers are compromised due to computer virus, unauthorized access, malware, and the like, then sensitive documents could be exposed or deleted, and our ability to conduct business could be impaired. Cyber incidents can result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. These incidents can include, but are not limited to, unauthorized access to our systems, computer viruses or other malicious code, denial of service attacks, malware, ransomware, phishing, SQL injection attacks, human error, or other events that result in security breaches or give rise to the manipulation or loss of sensitive information or assets. Cyber incidents can be caused by various persons or groups, including disgruntled employees and vendors, activists, organized crime groups, and state-sponsored and individual hackers. Cyber incidents can also be caused or aggravated by natural events, such as earthquakes, floods, fires, power loss, and telecommunications failures. The risk of cybersecurity breach has generally increased as the number, intensity, and sophistication of attempted attacks from around the world has increased. While we have cyber security procedures in place, given the evolving nature of these threats, there can be no assurance that we will not suffer material losses in the future due to cyber-attacks.



To date, we have not experienced any material losses relating to cyber-attacks, computer viruses or other systems failures.  Although we have taken steps to protect the security of data maintained in our information systems, it is possible that our security measures will not be able to prevent the systems’ improper functioning or the improper disclosure of personally identifiable information, such as in the event of cyber-attacks.  In addition to operational and business consequences, if our cybersecurity is breached, we could be held liable to our customers or other parties in regulatory or other actions, and we may be exposed to reputation damages and loss of trust and business.  This could result in costly investigations and litigation, civil or criminal penalties, fines and negative publicity. 



Our outstanding options and warrants may affect the market price and liquidity of the common stock.



At December 31, 2019, we had 34.1 million shares of common stock outstanding and had outstanding options and warrants for the purchase of up to 23.6 million additional shares of common stock, of which approximately 15.6 million were exercisable as of December 31, 2019.  In addition, as described more fully below, holders of convertible notes may elect to receive a substantial number of shares of common stock upon conversion of the notes and we may elect to pay accrued interest on the notes in shares of our common stock.  All of the shares of common stock underlying these securities are or will be registered for sale to the holder or for public resale by the holder.  The amount of common stock reserved for issuance may have an adverse impact on our ability to raise capital and may affect the price and liquidity of our common stock in the public market. In addition, the issuance of these shares of common stock will have a dilutive effect on current stockholders’ ownership.



The conversion of outstanding convertible notes into shares of common stock, and the issuance of common stock by us as payment of accrued interest upon the convertible notes, could materially dilute our current stockholders.



We have aggregate principal of $3.6 million in convertible notes outstanding at December 31, 2019. The notes are convertible into shares of our common stock at fixed conversion prices, which may be less than

 

 

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the market price of our common stock at the time of conversion. If the entire principal is converted into shares of common stock, we would be required to issue an aggregate of up to 20.8 million shares of common stock. In addition, in the first quarter of 2020, we issued an additional aggregate principal amount of $0.5 million in convertible notes which, if converted at the fixed conversion price, would result in the issuance of an additional 3.5 million shares of our common stock.  If we issue all of these shares, the ownership of our current stockholders will be diluted.



Further, we may elect to pay interest on the notes, at our option, in shares of common stock, at a price equal to the then-market price for our common stock.  To date, we have issued approximately 1.9 million shares of common stock as in-kind interest payments on our convertible notes.  We currently do not believe that we will have the financial ability to make payments on the notes in cash when due. Accordingly, we currently intend to make such payments in shares of our common stock to the greatest extent possible. Such interest payments could further dilute our current stockholders.



The price of our common stock may be subject to substantial volatility.



The trading price of our common stock has been and may continue to be volatile. Between January 1, 2018 and December 31, 2019, the reported high and low sales prices for our common stock ranged between $0.06 and $1.25 per share. The price of our common stock may continue to be volatile as a result of a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to, developments in outstanding litigation, our performance and prospects, general conditions of the markets in which we compete, and economic and financial conditions, and the impact of COVID-19 on global financial markets. Such volatility could materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock in future periods.



Our common stock was delisted from the Nasdaq Capital Market and is now quoted on OTCQB, an over-the-counter market. There can be no assurance that our common stock will continue to trade on the OTCQB or on another over-the-counter market or securities exchange.



Trading of our common stock on the Nasdaq Capital Market was suspended effective at the open of business on August 17, 2018 as a result of our failure to maintain at least $35 million in market value of listed securities. Our common stock began trading on the OTCQB, an over-the-counter market, immediately following delisting from Nasdaq, under the symbol “PRKR”. The over-the-counter market is a significantly more limited market than Nasdaq, and the quotation of our common stock on the over-the-counter market may result in a less liquid market available for existing and potential stockholders to trade shares of our common stock. Securities traded in the over-the-counter market generally have less liquidity due to factors such as the reduced number of investors that will consider investing in the securities, the reduced number of market makers in the securities, and the reduced number of securities analysts that follow such securities. As a result, holders of shares of our common stock may find it difficult to resell their shares at prices quoted in the market or at all. We may be subject to additional compliance requirements under applicable state laws relating to the issuance of our securities. This could have a long-term adverse effect on our ability to raise capital, which ultimately could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. Delisting could also have other negative results, including the potential loss of confidence by employees, the loss of institutional investor interest and fewer business development opportunities. We cannot provide any assurances as to if or when we will be in a position to relist our common stock on a nationally-recognized securities exchange.



Our common stock is classified as a “penny stock” under SEC rules, which means broker-dealers who make a market in our stock will be subject to additional compliance requirements.



Our common stock is deemed to be a "penny stock" as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”).  Penny stocks are stocks (i) with a price of less than five dollars per share; (ii) that are not traded on a recognized national exchange; (iii) whose prices are not quoted on an automated quotation system sponsored by a recognized national securities association; or (iv) whose issuer has net

 

 

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tangible assets less than $2,000,000 (if the issuer has been in continuous operation for at least three years); or $5,000,000 (if continuous operations for less than three years); or with average revenues of less than $6,000,000 for the last three years.  The Exchange Act requires broker-dealers dealing in penny stocks to provide potential investors with a document disclosing the risks of penny stocks and to obtain a manually signed and dated written receipt of the document before effecting any transaction in a penny stock for the investor’s account.  Potential investors in our common stock are urged to obtain and read such disclosure carefully before purchasing any shares that are deemed to be “penny stock.”  Further, the Exchange Act requires broker-dealers dealing in penny stocks to approve the account of any investor for transactions in such stocks before selling any penny stock to that investor.  These procedures require the broker-dealer to (i) obtain from the investor information concerning his, her or its financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives; (ii) reasonably determine, based on that information, that transactions in penny stocks are suitable for the investor, and that the investor has sufficient knowledge and experience as to be reasonably capable of evaluating the risks of penny stock transactions; (iii) provide the investor with a written statement setting forth the basis on which the broker dealer made the determination in (ii) above; and (iv) receive a signed and dated copy of such statement from the investor, confirming that it accurately reflects the investor’s financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives.  Compliance with these requirements may affect the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to sell our securities, and accordingly would affect the ability of stockholders to sell their securities in the public market. These additional procedures could also limit our ability to raise additional capital in the future.



We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and thus stockholders must look to appreciation of our common stock to realize a gain on their investments.



We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and intend to retain our cash and future earnings, if any, to fund our business plan.  Our future dividend policy is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend upon various factors, including our business, financial condition, results of operations and capital requirements.  We therefore cannot offer any assurance that our board of directors will determine to pay special or regular dividends in the future.  Accordingly, unless our board of directors determines to pay dividends, stockholders will be required to look to appreciation of our common stock to realize a gain on their investment.  There can be no assurance that this appreciation will occur. 



Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and by-laws could have effects that conflict with the interest of shareholders.



Some provisions in our certificate of incorporation and by-laws could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us.  For example, our board of directors is divided into three classes with directors having staggered terms of office, our board of directors has the ability to issue preferred stock without shareholder approval, and there are advance notification provisions for director nominations and submissions of proposals from shareholders to a vote by all the shareholders under the by-laws.  Florida law also has anti-takeover provisions in its corporate statute.



We have a shareholder protection rights plan that may delay or discourage someone from making an offer to purchase the company without prior consultation with the board of directors and management, which may conflict with the interests of some of the shareholders. 



On November 17, 2005, as amended on November 20, 2015, our board of directors adopted a shareholder protection rights plan which called for the issuance, on November 29, 2005, as a dividend, of rights to acquire fractional shares of preferred stock.  The rights are attached to the shares of common stock and transfer with them.  In the future the rights may become exchangeable for shares of preferred stock with various provisions that may discourage a takeover bid.  Additionally, the rights have what are known as “flip-in” and “flip-over” provisions that could make any acquisition of the company more costly.  The principal objective of the plan is to cause someone interested in acquiring the company to negotiate with

 

 

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the board of directors rather than launch an unsolicited bid.  This plan may limit, prevent, or discourage a takeover offer that some shareholders may find more advantageous than a negotiated transaction.  A negotiated transaction may not be in the best interests of the shareholders.



Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments. 



Not applicable.



Item 2.  Properties.



Our headquarters are located in a 3,000 square foot leased facility in Jacksonville, Florida.  We have an additional 7,000 square foot leased facility in Lake Mary, Florida that was primarily for engineering design activities.  As a result of our restructuring in August 2018, we have ceased use of the Lake Mary facility and are attempting to sublease the facility for the remaining lease term.  We believe our properties are in good condition and suitable for the conduct of our business.  Refer to Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for information regarding our outstanding lease obligations.



Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.



We are a party to a number of patent enforcement actions initiated by us against others for the infringement of our technologies, as well as proceedings brought by others against us in an attempt to invalidate certain of our patent claims.  These patent-related proceedings are more fully described in Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8. 



Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.



Not applicable.



 

 

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PART II



Item 5.  Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.



Market Information



Since August 17, 2018, our Common Stock has been listed on the OTCQB, an over-the-counter market, under the ticker symbol “PRKR”.  Over-the-counter market quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down, or commission, and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.  



Holders



As of March 6, 2020, we had approximately 72 holders of record and we believe there are approximately 7,700 beneficial holders of our common stock.



Dividends



We do not currently pay dividends on our common stock and intend to retain our cash and future earnings, if any, to fund our business plan.  The payment of cash dividends in the future will be dependent upon our revenue and earnings, if any, capital requirements and general financial condition.  The payment of any dividends will be within the discretion of our board of directors.



Purchases of Equity Securities by Issuer and Affiliates



No purchases of our equity securities have been made by us or affiliated purchasers within the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.





Item 6.  Selected Financial Data.



Not applicable.  

 

Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.



Executive Overview



We are in the business of innovating fundamental wireless technologies and products.  We have designed and developed proprietary RF technologies and integrated circuits for use in wireless communication products. We have expended significant financial and other resources to research and develop our RF technologies and to obtain patent protection for those technologies in the U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions.  We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others and therefore our business plan primarily consists of enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts.  We have also designed and developed a consumer distributed WiFi product line that was marketed under the brand name Milo. 



In August 2018, we implemented cost reduction measures that included a significant reduction in our workforce, the closure of our engineering design center in Lake Mary, Florida and a reduction in executive and management salaries in order to reduce our ongoing operating expenses.  As a result of these measures, we ceased ongoing chip development activities and significantly curtailed our spending for development, sales and marketing of our Milo product line in order to focus our limited resources on our patent enforcement program, which requires a significant investment over a lengthy period of time. We ceased sales of our Milo products during the fourth quarter of 2019 in order to focus solely on patent enforcement actions.

 

 

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We continue to aggressively pursue licensing opportunities with wireless communications companies that make, use or sell chipsets and/or products that incorporate RF.  We believe there are a number of wireless communications companies that can benefit from the use of the RF technologies we have developed, whether through a license or, in certain cases, a joint product venture that may include licensing rights.  Our licensing efforts to date have required  litigation in order to enforce and/or defend our intellectual property rights.  Since 2011, we have been involved in patent infringement litigation against Qualcomm and others for the unauthorized use of our technology.  Refer to Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a complete discussion of our legal proceedings.  We have expended significant resources since 2011 and incurred significant debt for the enforcement and defense of our intellectual property rights. 



Liquidity and Capital Resources



At December 31, 2019, we had a working capital deficit of approximately $5.5 million, an increase from our working capital deficit of $2.1 million at December 31, 2018.  We had cash and cash equivalents totaling approximately $0.06 million at December 31, 2019. 



We have incurred significant losses from operations and negative cash flows in every year since inception, largely as a result of our significant investments in developing and protecting our intellectual property.  For the year ended December 31, 2019, we incurred a net loss of approximately $9.5 million and had an accumulated deficit of approximately $401.8 million.  Our independent registered public accounting firm has included in their audit report an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  See Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a discussion of our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern.



Our use of cash for operations has declined 67%, from $10.3 million in 2018 to $3.4 million in 2019.  This decrease in cash usage is primarily the result of decreased operating expenses following a restructuring of our operations in the third quarter of 2018.   Although our cash used for operations declined from 2018 to 2019, so did our receipt of proceeds from the sale of debt and equity securities which we utilize to fund our operations.  We received net proceeds of approximately $3.1 million from equity and debt financings in 2019, compared to $10.6 million received in 2018.  The decline in financing proceeds is largely a result of reduced liquidity in our common stock following our delisting from Nasdaq in August 2018 and declining share price.  In addition, we used $1.2 million in cash to repay outstanding debt obligations in 2019, compared to the use of $0.1 million for debt repayments in 2018.



At December 31, 2019, we had approximately $1.5 million in debt obligations due to be repaid in 2020, a decrease from $2.4 million in current debt obligations at December 31, 2018.  The decrease in our short-term debt repayment obligations is primarily the result of $1.2 million in repayments under a secured promissory note, offset by new borrowings under unsecured short-term notes payable of $0.2 million.  See “Financial Condition” below for a complete discussion of the terms of our notes payable.    



Our ability to meet our short-term liquidity needs, including our debt repayment obligations, is dependent upon one or more of (i) our ability to successfully negotiate licensing agreements and/or settlements relating to the use of our technologies by others in excess of our contingent payment obligations to Brickell and legal counsel; and/or (ii) our ability to raise additional capital from the sale of equity securities or other financing arrangements. 



In the first quarter of 2020, we received net proceeds of approximately $1.6 million from the sale of equity securities and convertible notes and $0.5 million from the exercise of warrants.  In addition, we received $0.6 million in advances from a potential litigation funding partyThese proceeds are being used to fund our ongoing operations, including litigation costs.



 

 

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A significant portion of our litigation costs in 2018 and 2019 have been funded by contingent payment arrangements with legal counsel and a litigation funding arrangement with Brickell.  Fee discounts offered by legal counsel in exchange for contingent payments upon successful outcome in our litigation are not recognized in expense until such time that the related proceeds on which the contingent fees are   payable are considered probable.  Contingent fees vary based on each firm’s specific fee agreement. 



In addition to contingent fee arrangements with legal counsel, since 2016, we have received an aggregate of $18 million in funds from Brickell under a contingent funding arrangement.  We account for our repayment obligation to Brickell as a long-term debt instrument recorded at its estimated fair value.    See “Financial Condition” below for a complete discussion of our obligation to Brickell.    At December 31, 2019, our aggregate repayment obligation to Brickell was recorded at its estimated fair value of $26.7 million.  Brickell is entitled to a  priority prorated payment of at least 55% of proceeds received by us from funded patent-related actions up to a specified minimum return.   Brickell’s minimum return varies based on a number of factors including whether the proceeds are a result of a contingently-funded action, the magnitude, nature and timing of the proceeds received, and the contingent percentage agreed to between the parties.



Although current working capital will not be used to repay these contingent arrangements,  based on our current outstanding legal proceedings, funding arrangements and contingent payment arrangements,  we estimate that 40% to 65% of future proceeds could be payable to others, depending on the proceeding and the nature, size and timing of proceeds, among other factors. 



Patent enforcement litigation is costly and time-consuming and the outcome is difficult to predict.  We expect to continue to invest in the support of our patent enforcement and licensing programs.  We expect that revenue generated from patent enforcement actions and/or technology licenses in 2020, if any, after deduction of payment obligations to Brickell and legal counsel, may not be sufficient to cover our operating expenses.  In the event we do not generate revenues, or other patent-related proceeds, sufficient to cover our operational costs and contingent repayment obligation, we will be required to raise additional working capital through the sale of equity securities or other financing arrangements.



The long-term continuation of our business plan is dependent upon our ability to secure sufficient financing to support our business, and our ability to generate revenues and/or patent-related proceeds sufficient to offset expenses and meet our contingent payment obligation and other long-term debt repayment obligations.  Failure to generate sufficient revenues, raise additional capital through debt or equity financings, and/or reduce operating costs could have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our short and long-term liquidity needs and achieve our intended long-term business objectives.



Financial Condition



Intangible Assets

We consider our intellectual property, including patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights and trade secrets to be significant to our business.  Our intangible assets are pledged as security for our secured contingent payment obligation with Brickell and our secured note payable with our litigation counsel.  The net book value of our intangible assets was approximately $2.9 million and $3.9 million as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  These assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit, generally fifteen to twenty years.  The decrease in the carrying value of our intangible assets is primarily the result of $0.6 million in patent amortization expense recognized in 2019 as our portfolio matures and a $0.4 million loss on abandonment of certain patents and patent applications.  Management evaluates the recoverability of intangible assets periodically and takes into account events or circumstances that may warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that may indicate impairment exists.  As part of our ongoing patent maintenance program, we may, from time to time, abandon a particular patent if we determine fees to maintain the patent exceed its expected recoverability.  For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we incurred losses of approximately $0.4 million and $0.1 million, respectively, for the write off of specific patent assets. These losses are

 

 

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included in operating expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.



Secured Contingent Payment Obligation

Our secured contingent payment obligation to Brickell was recorded at its estimated fair value of $26.7 million and $25.6 million as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively Under the funding agreement, Brickell has a right to reimbursement and compensation from gross proceeds resulting from patent enforcement and other patent monetization actions on a priority basis.  Our repayment obligation to Brickell is contingent upon receipt of proceeds from our patents and the amount of our obligation varies based on the magnitude, timing and nature of proceeds received by us.  As a result, we have elected to account for this obligation at its estimated fair value which is subject to significant estimates and assumptions as discussed in “Critical Accounting Policies” below.  The $1.1 million increase in estimated fair value of this repayment obligation in 2019 is primarily the result of (i) increases in the minimum return due to Brickell the longer the obligation remains outstanding and (ii) changes in our estimated probabilities for the timing and amount of future repayments to Brickell.  Refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a discussion of the fair value measurement of our contingent payment obligation.



Brickell is entitled to a priority payment of patent-related proceeds up to at least a specified minimum return which is determined as a percentage of the funded amount and varies based on the timing of repayment.  In addition, Brickell is entitled to a pro rata portion of proceeds from specified legal actions to the extent aggregate proceeds from those actions exceed the specified minimum return.  In the event of a change in control of the Company, Brickell has the right to be paid its return as defined under the agreement based on the transaction price for the change in control event.



Brickell holds a senior security interest in the majority of our assets until such time as the specified minimum return is paid, in which case, the security interest will be released except with respect to the patents and proceeds related to specific legal actions.  The security interest is enforceable by Brickell in the event that we are in default under the agreement.  We are currently in compliance with the provisions of the agreement.



We received no proceeds from Brickell in 2019.  In 2018, we received aggregate proceeds of $4.0 million from Brickell including proceeds of $2.5 million received in December 2018.  The December 2018 funding was critical to meet our ongoing obligations, particularly with regard to our litigation fees and expenses and therefore, in connection with the transaction, we issued Brickell a warrant to purchase up to 5.0 million shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.16 per share.  As the estimated fair value of the payment obligation to Brickell resulting from this additional funding exceeded the $2.5 million in proceeds received, no value was assigned to the warrants.



Notes Payable

As of December 31, 2019, we had approximately $2.3 million in notes payable, including an unsecured promissory note payable to Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein, & Fox, PLLC (“SKGF”), a related party, of approximately $0.9 million, a secured promissory note payable to Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C. (“Mintz”) of $1.2 million, and short-term bridge loans from accredited investors of approximately $0.2 million.  The short-term bridge loans were repaid in the first quarter of 2020 with shares of our common stock (see Note 18). 



Failure to comply with the payment terms of each of these notes constitutes an event of default which, if uncured, will result in the entire unpaid principal balance of the note and any unpaid, accrued interest to become immediately due and payable.  In addition, an event of default results in an increase in the interest rate under the SKGF and Mintz notes to a default rate of 12% per annum. As of December 31, 2019, we are in default of the payment provisions of the secured note payable to Mintz and we are in dispute with Mintz regarding fees billed.  We are actively working with Mintz to resolve the dispute and cure any default.  There can be no assurance that we will be successful in curing our default on the Mintz note.



 

 

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Deferred Tax Assets and Related Valuation Allowance



Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.  Valuation allowances are established to reduce deferred tax assets when, based on available objective evidence, it is more likely than not that the benefit of such assets will not be realized.  As of December 31, 2019, we had net deferred tax assets of approximately $96 million, primarily related to our NOL carryforwards, which were fully offset by a valuation allowance due to the uncertainty related to realization of these assets through future taxable income.  In addition, our ability to benefit from our NOL and other tax credit carryforwards could be limited under Section 382 as more fully discussed in Note 11 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8.



Results of Operations for Each of the Years Ended December 31, 2019 and 2018



Revenues and Gross Margins



We reported no licensing revenue for the years ended December 31, 2019 or 2018.  Although we do anticipate licensing revenue and/or settlement gains to result from our licensing and patent enforcement actions, the amount and timing is highly unpredictable and there can be no assurance that we will achieve our anticipated results. 



We reported product revenue of $0.07 million and $0.14 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, from the sales of our Milo-branded products.  Our product revenue declined due to overall reductions in development, sales and marketing for these products following our 2018 restructuring. 



The gross margins on Milo product sales, before inventory impairment charges, were approximately 1% and 24% for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  The decrease in gross margin is the result of sales price adjustments in 2019.  Our revenues from Milo products fell short of our projections and we had limited resources to deploy towards increasing consumer awareness of our products.  As a result, we made the decision to discontinue sales of Milo products during the fourth quarter of 2019.  Additionally, during the year ended December 31, 2018, we recorded $1.1 million in impairment charges to reduce excess inventories to their estimated net realizable value.



Research and Development Expenses



Research and development expenses consist primarily of engineering and related management and support personnel costs; fees for outside engineering design services which we use from time to time to supplement our internal resources; depreciation expenses related to certain assets used in product development; prototype production and materials costs for both chips and end-user products; software licensing and support costs, which represent the annual licensing and support maintenance for engineering design and other software tools; and rent and other overhead costs for our engineering design facility.  Personnel costs include share-based compensation which represents the grant date fair value of equity-based awards to our employees which is attributed to expense over the service period of the award.  Subsequent to March 31, 2019, we halted substantially all research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed prior engineering resources to support our patent enforcement programs or our Milo sales and support.



Research and development costs were approximately $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to approximately $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, representing a decrease of approximately $2.6 million, or 90%.  This decrease is primarily the result of a $1.3 million decrease in personnel and related costs, a $0.3 million decrease in consulting fees, and a $0.1 million decrease in

 

 

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software licensing and support costs.  Additionally, research and development expenses decreased approximately $0.6 million due to personnel and related costs being repurposed for selling, general and administrative purposes including litigation support and Milo sales and support.



The decreases in personnel and software and licensing are a result of the August 2018 restructuring of operations which included a significant workforce reduction, reduction in engineering executive compensation, and closure of the Lake Mary engineering design facility.  The reduction in outside consulting services is the result of cost reduction efforts pertaining to our Milo product operations and integrated circuit development following our 2018 restructuring. 



Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses



Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of executive, director, sales and marketing, and finance and administrative personnel costs, including share-based compensation, costs incurred for advertising, insurance, shareholder relations and outside legal and professional services, including litigation expenses, and amortization and maintenance expenses related to our patent assets. 



Our selling, general and administrative expenses were approximately $7.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to approximately $10.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, representing a decrease of approximately $2.8 million or 27%.  This is primarily due to a $0.9 million decrease in personnel and related expense, including a decrease in share-based compensation expense of approximately $0.2 million, a decrease in Milo product advertising costs of approximately $0.6 million, a decrease in marketing and other business consulting and legal fees of approximately $0.7 million, a decrease in noncash amortization expense of approximately $0.4 million, a decrease in board compensation of approximately $0.2 million and a decrease in travel expenses and shareholder relations costs of approximately $0.1 million each.  These decreases are somewhat offset by an increase in losses on disposals of patent and other long-lived assets of approximately $0.3 million.



The decrease in personnel costs is primarily the result of the reduction in personnel and executive compensation as part of our 2018 restructuring, somewhat offset by the repurposing of technical personnel for litigation support commencing in the second quarter of 2019. Share-based compensation expense decreased primarily as a result of lower grant-date fair values on newer awards due to declining stock prices when compared to prior year awards.



The decreases in product advertising and marketing, consulting and legal fees, board compensation, shareholder relations costs and travel expenses are a result of our cost reduction measures that commenced in 2018.    The decrease in noncash amortization expense is the result of the expiration and/or abandonment of a number of our patents and patent applications since the third quarter of 2018.

 

Restructuring Charges



We incurred approximately $0.7 million in restructuring charges in 2018.  These charges are a result of the implementation of cost reduction measures in August 2018 that included a significant reduction in our workforce, the closure of our engineering design center in Lake Mary, Florida, the cessation of ongoing chip development activities, and a significant reduction in our spending for sales and marketing of our Milo product line.  These measures were undertaken in order to focus our limited resources toward our patent enforcement program which, if successful, has the ability to generate significant licensing and/or settlement revenue.  The restructuring charges were primarily related to one-time termination benefits, the impairment of prepaid assets, and our estimated future lease obligation for our Lake Mary, Florida facility, net of estimated sublease income.  At December 31, 2018, we recorded an estimated lease obligation for our Lake Mary facility of approximately $0.2 million which is net of an estimated $0.4 million in future sublease rental income.  To date, we have not sublet this facility.  We are actively marketing the Lake Mary facility for sublease, however there can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful.  If we are unable to sublet our Lake Mary facility for the rental amount or term that we have

 

 

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estimated, we will incur additional impairment charges related to this lease obligation. 



The 2018 cost reduction measures have resulted in significant cost savings in 2019.



Change in Fair Value of Contingent Payment Obligation



Our losses from the changes in fair value of our contingent payment obligation were approximately $1.1 million and $5.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  See “Financial Condition” above for a discussion of our contingent payment obligation and the factors impacting the change in fair value. 



Critical Accounting Policies



We believe that the following are critical accounting policies and estimates that significantly impact the preparation of our consolidated financial statements:



Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of actual cost, as determined under the first-in, first-out method, or estimated net realizable value.  We review our inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory and write down inventory for the difference between cost and estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand.  Future demand is affected by market conditions, technological obsolescence, new products and strategic plans, each of which is subject to change. 



Secured Contingent Payment Obligation

We have accounted for our secured contingent repayment obligation as long-term debt.  Our repayment obligation is contingent upon the receipt of proceeds from patent enforcement or other patent monetization actions.  We have elected to measure our secured contingent payment obligation at its estimated fair value based on the variable and contingent nature of the repayment provisions. We have determined that the fair value of our secured contingent payment obligation falls within Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy which involves significant estimates and assumptions including projected future patent-related proceeds and the risk-adjusted rate for discounting future cash flows.  Actual results could differ from the estimates made. Changes in fair value, including the component related to imputed interest, are included in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss under the heading “Change in fair value of contingent payment obligation.”  Refer to Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 for a discussion of the significant estimates and assumptions used in estimated the fair value of our contingent payment obligation.



Accounting for Share-Based Compensation

We calculate the fair value of share-based equity awards to employees, including restricted stock, stock options and restricted stock units (“RSUs”), on the date of grant and recognize the calculated fair value as compensation expense over the requisite service periods of the related awards. The fair value of stock option awards is determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model which requires the use of highly subjective assumptions and estimates including how long employees will retain their stock options before exercising them and the volatility of our common stock price over the expected life of the equity award.  Changes in these subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimate of fair value of share-based compensation and consequently, the related amount recognized as expense in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. 



 

 

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New Accounting Pronouncements

As of January 1, 2019, we adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 842, “Leases.” ASC 842 requires lessees to recognize right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for all finance and operating leases with lease terms of more than 12 months and disclose key information about leasing arrangements (see Note 8). ASC 842 allows for the application of the new standard on the adoption date without restatement of prior comparative periods or a modified retrospective transition method which requires application of the new standard at the beginning of the earliest period presented. We have elected to use the adoption date as the initial application date without restatement of prior comparative periods. We also elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which, among other things, does not require us to reassess lease classification. Upon adoption of ASC 842, we recognized an adjustment to beginning retained earnings of approximately $0.04 million for the cumulative effect of the change in accounting principle. We also recorded a ROU asset of approximately $0.56 million and an increase in our operating lease liabilities of approximately $0.60 million, primarily related to operating leases for our office and warehouse facilities. Our accounting for finance leases remains substantially unchanged. Adoption of the standard did not materially impact operating results or cash flows.

 

As of January 1, 2019, we adopted Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-02, “Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The amendments in this update allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. We have no stranded tax effects included in our other comprehensive loss and therefore the adoption of ASU 2018-02 did not impact our consolidated financial statements.



As of January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2018-07, "Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting." The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions. We did not previously have awards to nonemployees that would require reassessment and therefore the adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not impact our consolidated financial statements.



Off-Balance Sheet Transactions



As of December 31, 2019, we had outstanding warrants to purchase 12.2 million shares of our common stock.  The estimated grant date fair value of these warrants of approximately $1.3 million is included in shareholders’ deficit in our consolidated balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2019.  The outstanding warrants have an average exercise price of $0.44 per share and a weighted average remaining life of approximately 4 years. 

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.



Not applicable.

 

 

21


 

 

 

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.





 

 

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements



 

Page

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM (for the year ended December 31, 2019)  

 

23



 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM (for the year ended December 31, 2018)

 

24



 

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets – December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

25

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss - for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 

 

26

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Deficit - for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

27

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

28

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - December 31, 2019 and 2018

 

29



 

 

SUPPLEMENTARY DATA:

 

 

Not applicable

 

 



 

 

22


 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 



To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of ParkerVision, Inc.



Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements



We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of ParkerVision, Inc. (the “Company”) and its subsidiary as of December 31, 2019, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, shareholders’ deficit and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”).  In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company and its subsidiary at December 31, 2019, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.



Basis for Opinion



These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audit.  We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.



We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB.  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  As a part of our audit, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  Accordingly, we express no such opinion.



Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks.  Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements.  Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.



Emphasis of Matter Regarding Going Concern



The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 and Note 9 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations, is in payment default on certain debt, and has a net capital deficiency that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2 and Note 9. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.  Our opinion is not modified with respect to this matter





/s/ MSL, P.A. 



We have served as the Company's auditor since 2019.

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

April 14, 2020

 

 

23


 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm



Shareholders and Board of Directors

ParkerVision, Inc.

Jacksonville, Florida



Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements



We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of ParkerVision, Inc. (the “Company”) and its subsidiary as of December 31, 2018, and the related consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, shareholders’ deficit and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”).  In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company and its subsidiary at December 31, 2018, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.



Basis for Opinion



These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audit.  We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.



We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB and in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America.  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks.  Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements.  Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.



Emphasis of Matter Regarding Going Concern



The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency that raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.  Our opinion is not modified with respect to this matter







/s/ BDO USA, LLP

Certified Public Accountants



We served as the Company's auditor in 2018.

Jacksonville, Florida



April 1, 2019

 

 

 

24


 

PARKERVISION, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

CURRENT ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

57 

 

$

1,527 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 -

 

 

Finished goods inventories, net

 

 -

 

 

98 

Prepaid expenses

 

505 

 

 

538 

Other current assets

 

117 

 

 

55 

Held for sale assets

 

 -

 

 

65 

Total current assets

 

679 

 

 

2,285 



 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

70 

 

 

129 

Intangible assets, net

 

2,878 

 

 

3,902 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

283 

 

 

 -

Other assets, net

 

16 

 

 

15 

Total assets

$

3,926 

 

$

6,331 



 

 

 

 

 

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

2,328 

 

$

655 

Accrued expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and wages

 

78 

 

 

122 

Professional fees

 

499 

 

 

379 

Statutory court costs

 

369 

 

 

114 

Other accrued expenses

 

1,081 

 

 

563 

Related party note payable, current portion

 

86 

 

 

37 

Secured note payable, current portion

 

1,222 

 

 

2,400 

Unsecured notes payable

 

225 

 

 

 -

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

 

250 

 

 

86 

Total current liabilities

 

6,138 

 

 

4,356 



 

 

 

 

 

LONG-TERM LIABILITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Secured contingent payment obligation

 

26,651 

 

 

25,557 

Convertible notes, net

 

2,733 

 

 

837 

Related party note payable, net of current portion

 

793 

 

 

799 

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

 

305 

 

 

91 

Other long-term liabilities

 

403 

 

 

Total long-term liabilities

 

30,885 

 

 

27,285 

Total liabilities

 

37,023 

 

 

31,641 



 

 

 

 

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

SHAREHOLDERS' DEFICIT:

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 110,000 and 75,000 shares authorized, 34,097 and 28,677 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively

 

341 

 

 

287 

Warrants outstanding

 

1,330 

 

 

1,810 

Additional paid-in capital

 

367,015 

 

 

364,885 

Accumulated deficit

 

(401,783)

 

 

(392,292)

Total shareholders' deficit

 

(33,097)

 

 

(25,310)

Total liabilities and shareholders' deficit

$

3,926 

 

$

6,331 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

25

 


 

PARKERVISION, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

(in thousands, except per share amounts)





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

 

Product revenue

$

74 

 

$

135 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of sales - product

 

73 

 

 

103 

 

Loss on impairment of inventory

 

 

 

1,134 

 

Gross margin

 

(5)

 

 

(1,102)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development expenses

 

334 

 

 

2,875 

 

Selling, general, and administrative expenses

 

7,602 

 

 

10,427 

 

Restructuring expenses

 

 -

 

 

690 

 

Total operating expenses

 

7,936 

 

 

13,992 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

 

 

 

Interest and other expense

 

(421)

 

 

(116)

 

Change in fair value of contingent payment obligation

 

(1,094)

 

 

(5,661)

 

Total interest and other

 

(1,512)

 

 

(5,775)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss before income tax

 

(9,453)

 

 

(20,869)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax expense

 

 -

 

 

 -

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

(9,453)

 

 

(20,869)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 -

 

 

 -

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

$

(9,453)

 

$

(20,869)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net loss per common share

$

(0.30)

 

$

(0.85)

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

31,461 

 

 

24,429 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

26


 

PARKERVISION, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

(in thousands)

 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Common Stock, Par Value

 

Warrants
Outstanding

 

Additional
Paid-in
Capital

 

Accumulated
Deficit

 

Total
Shareholders'
Deficit

Balance as of December 31, 2017

 

$

212 

 

$

826 

 

$

359,141 

 

$

(371,423)

 

$

(11,244)

Issuance of common stock and warrants in public and private offerings, net of issuance costs

 

 

45 

 

 

1,950 

 

 

3,281 

 

 

 -

 

 

5,276 

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants

 

 

20 

 

 

(475)

 

 

455 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Expiration of warrants

 

 

 -

 

 

(491)

 

 

491 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Issuance of convertible debt with beneficial conversion feature

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

442 

 

 

 -

 

 

442 

Issuance of common stock upon conversion and payment of interest in kind on convertible debt

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

52 

 

 

 -

 

 

56 

Share-based compensation, net of shares withheld for taxes

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

1,023 

 

 

 -

 

 

1,029 

Net loss for the year

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(20,869)

 

 

(20,869)

Balance as of December 31, 2018

 

 

287 

 

 

1,810 

 

 

364,885 

 

 

(392,292)

 

 

(25,310)

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

(38)

 

 

(38)

Issuance of common stock upon exercise of warrants

 

 

29 

 

 

(660)

 

 

660 

 

 

 -

 

 

29 

Issuance of common stock and warrants for services

 

 

 

 

180 

 

 

54 

 

 

 -

 

 

240 

Issuance of convertible debt with beneficial conversion feature

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

550 

 

 

 -

 

 

550 

Issuance of common stock upon conversion and payment of interest in kind on convertible debt

 

 

19 

 

 

 -

 

 

277 

 

 

 -

 

 

296 

Share-based compensation, net of shares withheld for taxes

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

589 

 

 

 -

 

 

589 

Net loss for the year

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 

 

 

(9,453)

 

 

(9,453)

Balance as of December 31, 2019

 

$

341 

 

$

1,330 

 

$

367,015 

 

$

(401,783)

 

$

(33,097)



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 



 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

27

 


 

PARKERVISION, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018

(in thousands)

 





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(9,453)

 

$

(20,869)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in
operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

835 

 

 

1,209 

Share-based compensation

 

589 

 

 

1,050 

Noncash lease expense

 

280 

 

 

 -

Change in fair value of contingent payment obligation

 

1,094 

 

 

5,661 

Loss on disposal of equipment and other assets

 

412 

 

 

489 

Inventory impairment charges

 

 

 

1,134 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

 

25 

Finished goods inventories

 

81 

 

 

(207)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

221 

 

 

62 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

2,790 

 

 

1,034 

Operating lease liabilities and deferred rent

 

(230)

 

 

115 

Total adjustments

 

6,080 

 

 

10,572 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(3,373)

 

 

(10,297)



 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from redemption of available-for-sale securities

 

 -

 

 

26 

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

 

30 

 

 

50 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(5)

 

 

(5)

Payments for patent costs and other intangible assets

 

(18)

 

 

(16)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

 

55 



 

 

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants in public and private offerings

 

 -

 

 

5,276 

Net proceeds from exercise of options and warrants

 

29 

 

 

 -

Net proceeds from debt financings

 

3,068 

 

 

5,294 

Shares withheld for payment of taxes

 

 -

 

 

(21)

Debt repayments

 

(1,200)

 

 

(132)

Principal payments on finance lease obligation

 

(1)

 

 

(2)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

1,896 

 

 

10,415 



 

 

 

 

 

NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

(1,470)

 

 

173 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of year

 

1,527 

 

 

1,354 

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of year

$

57 

 

$

1,527 



 

 

 

 

 

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

$

 

$

39 

Cash paid for income taxes

$

 -

 

$

 -

SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH ACTIVITIES:

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of interest in kind on convertible notes

$

197 

 

$

26 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 











 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

28

 


 

 







PARKERVISION, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

DECEMBER 31, 2019 and 2018



1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES



ParkerVision, Inc. and its wholly-owned German subsidiary, ParkerVision GmbH (collectively “ParkerVision”, “we” or the “Company”) is in the business of innovating fundamental wireless hardware technologies and products.  We have determined that our business currently operates under a single operating and reportable segment.



We have designed and developed proprietary radio frequency (“RF”) technologies and integrated circuits for use in wireless communication products.  We have expended significant financial and other resources to research and develop our RF technologies and to obtain patent protection for those technologies in the United States of America (“U.S.”) and certain foreign jurisdictions.  We believe certain patents protecting our proprietary technologies have been broadly infringed by others, and therefore the primary focus of our business plan is the enforcement of our intellectual property rights through patent infringement litigation and licensing efforts.  We currently have patent enforcement actions ongoing in various U.S. district courts against mobile handset providers and their chip suppliers for the infringement of a number of our RF patents.  We have made significant investments in developing and protecting our technologies, the returns on which are dependent upon the generation of future revenues for realization.



We also designed, developed and marketed a distributed WiFi product line under the brand name Milo®We restructured our operations during the third quarter of 2018 in order to reduce operating expenses in light of our limited capital resources.  Accordingly, we significantly reduced our ongoing investment in the Milo product.  In early 2019, we ceased substantially all ongoing research and development efforts and, where applicable, repurposed resources to support our patent enforcement and product sales and support efforts.  We ceased sales of our Milo products in the fourth quarter of 2019.     



Basis of Presentation

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”).  Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation.  The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ParkerVision, Inc. and our wholly-owned German subsidiary, ParkerVision GmbH, after elimination of all intercompany transactions and accounts.



Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.  The more significant estimates made by us include projected future cash flows and risk-adjusted discount rates for estimating the fair value of our secured contingent payment obligation, the volatility and estimated lives of share-based awards used in the estimate of the fair market value of share-based compensation, the assessment of recoverability of long-lived assets, the amortization periods for intangible and long-lived assets, and the valuation allowance for deferred taxes.  Actual results could differ from the estimates made.  We periodically evaluate estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements for continued reasonableness.  Appropriate adjustments, if any, to the estimates used are made prospectively based upon such periodic evaluation.

29

 


 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

We consider cash and cash equivalents to include cash on hand, interest-bearing deposits, overnight repurchase agreements and investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased. 



Inventory

Inventory is stated at the lower of actual cost, as determined under the first-in, first-out method, or estimated net realizable value.  We review our inventory for estimated obsolescence or unmarketable inventory and write down inventory for the difference between cost and estimated market value based upon assumptions about future demand.  Future demand is affected by market conditions, technological obsolescence, new products and strategic plans, each of which is subject to change.  Due to the decision to discontinue Milo product sales in the fourth quarter of 2019, a full reserve was recorded against the remaining inventory on hand at December 31, 2019. 



Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is determined using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:





 

 

 

Manufacturing and office equipment

5-7 years

Leasehold improvements

Shorter of useful life or remaining life of lease

Furniture and fixtures

7 years

Computer equipment and software

3-5 years



The cost and accumulated depreciation of assets sold or retired are removed from their respective accounts, and any resulting net gain or loss is recognized in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.  The carrying value of long-lived assets is reviewed on a regular basis for the existence of facts, both internally and externally, that may suggest impairment. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by comparing the carrying amount of an asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset.  If the carrying amount of the assets exceeds its estimated undiscounted future net cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized in the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the assets. 



Intangible Assets

Patents, copyrights and other intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit.  We estimate the economic lives of our patents and copyrights to be fifteen to twenty years.  Management evaluates the recoverability of intangible assets periodically and takes into account events or circumstances that may warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that may indicate impairment exists. 



Secured Contingent Payment Obligation

We have accounted for our secured contingent repayment obligation as long-term debt in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 470-10-25, “Sales of Future Revenues or Various other Measures of Income.” Our repayment obligations are contingent upon the receipt of proceeds from patent enforcement and/or patent monetization actions.  We have elected to measure our secured contingent payment obligation at its estimated fair value in accordance with ASC 825, “Financial Instruments” based on the variable and contingent nature of the repayment provisions. We have determined that the fair value of our secured contingent payment obligation falls within Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy which involves significant estimates and assumptions including projected future patent-related proceeds and the risk-adjusted rate for discounting future cash flows (see Note 10).  Actual results could differ from the estimates made. Changes in fair value, including the component related to imputed interest, are included in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss under the heading “Change in fair value of contingent payment obligation.

30

 


 

 

Leases

In February 2016, the FASB established ASC 842, “Leases” by issuing Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02 to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  ASC 842 was subsequently amended by ASU 2018-01, ASU 2018-10 and ASU 2018-11 which provided practical expedients for adoption of ASC 842.  Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for capital and operating leases with lease terms of more than 12 months.  ASC 842 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018.  A modified retrospective transition approach is required for adoption, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application.  An entity may choose to use either the effective date or the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. 



We adopted ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019, and we have elected to use the effective date as the initial application date.  Consequently, financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and period prior to January 1, 2019.  The new standard provides a number of practical expedients in transition and we elected the package of practical expedients which permits us not to reassess under the new standard our prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and treatment of initial direct costs.  The adoption of this new standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities of approximately $0.56 million and $0.60 million, respectively, primarily related to our facilities leases.  Refer to Note 8 for additional disclosures related to our leases.



Revenue Recognition

As of January 1, 2018, we adopted ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” which implements a common revenue standard that clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue.  This new revenue recognition model provides a five-step analysis in determining when and how revenue is recognized.  The adoption of ASC 606 had no material effect on our consolidated financial statements.



We derive revenue from licensing of our intellectual property, settlements from patent infringement disputes and sales of products.  The timing of revenue recognition and the amount of revenue recognized depends upon a variety of factors, including the specific terms of each arrangement and the nature of our deliverables and obligations.  In general, we recognize revenue when the performance obligations to our customers have been met.  For the sale of products, the performance obligation is generally met at the time product is delivered to the customer.  Estimated product returns are deducted from revenue and recorded as a liability.  Revenue from the sale of our products includes shipping and handling charged to the customer.  Product revenue is recorded net of sales tax collected from customers, discounts, and actual and estimated future returns. 



The consideration received from patent license and settlement agreements is allocated to the various elements of the arrangement to the extent the revenue recognition differs between the elements of the arrangement.  Elements related to past and future royalties as well as elements related to settlement will be recorded as revenue in our consolidated statements of comprehensive loss when our performance obligations related to each element have been met. 



Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs related to product sales for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were approximately $0.01 million each year.  These costs are included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.



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Advertising Expense

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred.  Advertising expenses of approximately $0.04 million and $0.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, are included in selling, general, and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.



Research and Development Expenses

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred and include salaries and benefits for employees engaged in research and development activities, costs paid to third party contractors, prototype expenses, an allocated portion of facilities costs, maintenance costs for software development tools, and depreciation.



Accounting for Share-Based Compensation

We have various share-based compensation programs which provide for equity awards including stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and restricted stock awards (“RSAs”). We calculate the fair value of employee share-based equity awards on the date of grant and recognize the calculated fair value as compensation expense over the requisite service periods of the related awards.  We estimate the fair value of stock option awards using the Black-Scholes option valuation model.  This valuation model requires the use of highly subjective assumptions and estimates including how long employees will retain their stock options before exercising them and the volatility of our common stock price over the expected life of the equity award.  Such estimates, and the basis for our conclusions regarding such estimates, are outlined in detail in Note 14.  Estimates of fair value are not intended to predict actual future events or the value ultimately realized by persons who receive equity awards.  We account for forfeitures of share-based awards as they occur.



As of January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU No. 2017-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting.”  This update provides guidance on the types of changes to the terms or conditions of share-based payment awards to which an entity would be required to apply modification accounting under ASC 718.  The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.



As of January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2018-07, "Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting." The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees by aligning it with the accounting for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions. We did not previously have awards to nonemployees that would require reassessment and therefore the adoption of ASU 2018-07 did not impact our consolidated financial statements.



Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes is based on loss before taxes as reported in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse.  Valuation allowances are established to reduce deferred tax assets when, based on available objective evidence, it is more likely than not that the benefit of such assets will not be realized.  Our deferred tax assets exclude unrecognized tax benefits which do not meet a more-likely-than-not threshold for financial statement recognition for tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.



As of January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2018-02, “Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.”

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The amendments in this update allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. We have no stranded tax effects included in our other comprehensive loss and therefore the adoption of ASU 2018-02 did not impact our consolidated financial statements.

 

Loss per Common Share

Basic loss per common share is determined based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each year.  Diluted loss per common share is the same as basic loss per common share as all potential common shares are excluded from the calculation, as their effect is anti-dilutive. 



The number of shares underlying outstanding options, warrants, unvested RSUs, and convertible notes at December 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

Options outstanding

 

11,410 

 

 

1,228 

Warrants outstanding

 

12,150 

 

 

13,279 

Unvested RSUs

 

 -

 

 

14 

Shares underlying convertible notes

 

20,846 

 

 

2,746 



 

44,406 

 

 

17,267 



 

 

 

 

 



These potential shares were excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.



2. LIQUIDITY AND GOING CONCERN



The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2019 were prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates that we will continue in operation and will be able to realize our assets and settle our liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business for a period of at least one year from the issuance date of these consolidated financial statements.  These consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effects on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that could result should we be unable to continue as a going concern. 



We have incurred significant losses from operations and negative cash flows in every year since inception and have utilized the proceeds from the sales of our equity and equity-linked securities and our contingent funding arrangements with third-parties to fund our operations, including our litigation costs.  For the year ended December 31, 2019, we incurred a net loss of approximately $9.5 million and negative cash flows from operations of approximately $3.4 million.  At December 31, 2019, we had a working capital deficit of approximately $5.5 million and an accumulated deficit of approximately $401.8 million.  These circumstances raise substantial doubt about our ability to continue to operate as a going concern for a period of one year after the issuance date of these consolidated financial statements.



In 2018, we implemented significant cost reduction measures including cessation of our ongoing chip development activities, reductions in executive and key employee base salaries and curtailment of our spending for sales and marketing of our WiFi product line. We reduced costs further in 2019 with the downsizing of our corporate office facility and additional reductions in personnel and other operating costs. Our business plan is currently focused solely on our patent enforcement and technology licensing objectives.  The timing and amount of proceeds from our patent enforcement actions are difficult to predict and there can be no assurance we will receive any proceeds from these enforcement actions. 

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Our ability to meet our liquidity needs for the twelve months after the issuance date of these financial statements is dependent upon one or more of (i) our ability to successfully negotiate licensing agreements and/or settlements relating to the use of our technologies by others in excess of our contingent payment obligations and (ii) our ability to raise additional capital from the sale of debt or equity securities or other financing arrangements.  We anticipate that we will continue to invest in patent protection and licensing and enforcement of our wireless technologies.  We expect that revenue generated from patent enforcement actions, and technology licenses over the twelve months after the issuance date of these financial statements, if any, after deduction of payment obligations to our third-party litigation funder and legal counsel, may not be sufficient to cover our operating expenses. In the event we do not generate revenues, or other patent-asset proceeds, sufficient to cover our operational costs and contingent repayment obligation, we will be required to raise additional working capital through the sale of equity securities or other financing arrangements.



During the first quarter of 2020, we received aggregate proceeds from the sale of debt and equity securities of approximately $1.6 million, proceeds from the exercise of outstanding warrants of approximately $0.5 million and advances from a potential litigation funding party of approximately $0.6 million.   In addition, we repaid approximately $0.7 million in short-term debt and other accrued expenses through the use of shares of our common stock.  Despite these funding efforts, our resources are not sufficient to meet our short-term liquidity needs and we will be required to seek additional capital.



The long-term continuation of our business plan is dependent upon our ability to secure sufficient financing to support our business, and our ability to generate revenues and/or patent-related proceeds sufficient to offset expenses and meet our contingent payment obligation and other long-term debt repayment obligations.  Failure to generate sufficient revenues, raise additional capital through debt or equity financings, and/or reduce operating costs could have a material adverse effect on our ability to meet our short and long-term liquidity needs and achieve our intended long-term business objectives.



3. INVENTORIES



Inventories consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

Raw materials

$

 -

 

$

139 

Work-in-process

 

 -

 

 

 -

Finished goods

 

550 

 

 

941 



 

550 

 

 

1,080 

Inventory reserves

 

(550)

 

 

(982)



 

 -

 

 

98 



 

 

 

 

 

 

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During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recognized impairment charges to reduce our excess and obsolete inventories to their net realizable values.  The following table provides a reconciliation of our inventory reserves for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 



 

2019

 

2018

Inventory reserves at beginning of year

 

$

982 

 

$

 -

Impairment charges

 

 

 

 

1,134 

Write down of impaired inventories

 

 

(438)

 

 

(152)

Inventory reserves at end of year

 

$

550 

 

$

982 



 

 

 

 

 

 





4. PREPAID EXPENSES



Prepaid expenses consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

Prepaid services

$

221 

 

$

252 

Prepaid bonds for German statutory costs

 

188 

 

 

199 

Prepaid insurance

 

62 

 

 

19 

Prepaid licenses, software tools and support

 

17 

 

 

51 

Other prepaid expenses

 

17 

 

 

17 



$

505 

 

$

538 



 

 

 

 

 

 

In 2018, we recorded impairment charges of approximately $0.4 million related to prepaid licenses and production tooling as a result of the restructuring of our operations.  These charges are included in “Restructuring expenses” in the accompanying statements of comprehensive loss (see Note 15).



5. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET



Property and equipment, at cost, consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

Equipment and software, including equipment purchased under capital leases of $6 and $17 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively

$

260 

 

$

1,555 

Leasehold improvements

 

33 

 

 

786 

Furniture and fixtures

 

43 

 

 

182 



 

336 

 

 

2,523 

Less accumulated depreciation, including accumulated depreciation for equipment purchased under capital leases of $3 and $13 at December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively

 

(266)

 

 

(2,394)



$

70 

 

$

129 



 

 

 

 

 



Depreciation expense related to property and equipment was approximately $0.04 million and $0.13 million in 2019 and 2018, respectively.  Depreciation expense includes depreciation related to finance leases of approximately $0.001 million and $0.002 million for the periods ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  Our finance leases have original terms of one to three years.  The principal payments

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for these finance leases are reflected as cash outflows from financing activities in the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows.  Future minimum lease payments under our capital leases that have initial terms in excess of one year are included in “Leases” in Note 8. 



In connection with the relocation of our corporate headquarters in July 2019, we disposed of a number of assets that were no longer in use.  For each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recorded a loss on disposal of fixed assets of approximately $0.01 million.



In connection with the closure of our Lake Mary facility in 2018, we reclassified equipment with a net book value of approximately $0.07 million to assets held for sale.  We contracted with a third party for the consignment sale of these assets and completed sales for several assets in 2018 and 2019.  For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized a net loss of approximately $0.04 million on the sale and/or impairment of assets held for sale.  For the year ended December 31, 2018, we recognized a gain of approximately $0.01 million on assets held for sale.  The gains and losses on the sale or impairment of held for sale assets is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying statements of comprehensive loss. 



6. INTANGIBLE ASSETS



Intangible assets consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018



 

 

 

 

 

Patents and copyrights

$

16,612 

 

$

18,350 

Less accumulated amortization

 

(13,734)

 

 

(14,448)



$

2,878 

 

$

3,902 



 

 

 

 

 



Amortization expense for each of the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 was approximately $0.6 million and $1.1 million, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recorded losses on the disposal of intangible assets of approximately $0.4 million and $0.1 million, respectively.



Future estimated amortization expense for intangible assets that have remaining unamortized amounts as of December 31, 2019 is as follows (in thousands):





 

 



 

 

2020

$

473 

2021

 

416 

2022

 

373 

2023

 

329 

2024

 

303 

2025 and thereafter

 

984 

Total

$

2,878 



 

 

 

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7. ACCRUED LIABILITIES



Other accrued expenses consisted of the following at December 31, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 



2019

 

2018

Advances

$

500 

 

$

 -

Board compensation

 

413 

 

 

413 

Other accrued expenses

 

168 

 

 

150 



$

1,081 

 

$

563 



 

 

 

 

 



Advances are amounts received from litigation counsel as advanced reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses expected to be incurred by us.  Board compensation of $0.4 million at December 31, 2019 and 2018 represents accrued and unpaid board and committee fees from prior periods.  In the first quarter of 2020, current and prior board members agreed to waive unpaid cash fees in exchange for share-based compensation awards with an aggregate grant-date fair value of approximately $0.1 million (see Note 18).

 

8. LEASES



We lease our office and other facilities and certain office equipment under long-term, non-cancelable operating and finance leases.  Many of our leases include rental escalation clauses, renewal options and/or termination options that are factored into our determination of lease payments when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised.  For leases with terms greater than 12 months, we record the related asset and obligation at the present value of lease payments over the term.  We do not recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for leases with terms at inception of twelve months or less. 

 

At inception, we determine if an arrangement contains a lease and whether that lease meets the classification criteria of a finance or operating lease. Some of our lease arrangements contain lease components (e.g. minimum rent payments) and non-lease components (e.g. services). For certain equipment leases, we account for lease and non-lease components separately based on a relative fair market value basis. For all other leases, we account for the lease and non-lease components (e.g. common area maintenance) on a combined basis.



Following the adoption of ASC 842 as of January 1, 2019 (see Note 1), operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets and operating lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term using the implicit interest rate, when readily available, or our incremental borrowing rate for collateralized debt based on information available at the lease commencement date. Lease expense for operating leases is generally recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term and is included in operating expenses on the consolidated statement of comprehensive loss.  For the year ended December 31, 2019, we recognized operating lease costs of approximately $0.4 million.

 

Finance leases are included in property and equipment and other accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets. Finance leases are recorded as an asset and an obligation at an amount equal to the present value of the minimum lease payments during the lease term. Amortization expense and interest expense associated with finance leases are included in selling, general, and administrative expense and interest expense, respectively, on the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.  Finance leases are not material to our consolidated financial statements as of or for the year ended December 31, 2019.



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No new finance or operating leases commenced during the year ended December 31, 2019. 



Supplemental Cash Flow Information



The following table summarizes the supplemental cash flow information related to leases, including the ROU assets recognized upon adoption of the new lease standard (in thousands):





 

 

 



 

Year Ended



 

December 31,



 

2019

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

 

 

 

 Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

$

314 

 Operating cash flows from finance leases

 

 

 -

 Financing cash flows from finance leases

 

 



 

 

 

Non-cash activity

 

 

 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities

 

 

563 

Assets obtained in exchange for finance lease liabilities

 

 

 -



 

 

 



Other Information



The table below summarizes other supplemental information related to leases:





 

 



 

 



 

December 31,



 

2019

Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years):

 

 

 Operating leases

 

2.7 

 Finance leases

 

0.3 

Weighted average discount rate

 

 

 Operating leases (1)

 

12.0% 

 Finance leases

 

8.7% 



 

 

(1)

Upon adoption of the new lease standard, discount rates used for existing leases were established at January 1, 2019.



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Undiscounted Cash Flows



The future maturities of lease liabilities consist of the following as of December 31, 2019 (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Operating Leases

 

Finance Leases

2020

 

$

295 

 

$

2021

 

 

176 

 

 

 -

2022

 

 

166 

 

 

 -

2023

 

 

 

 

 -

Thereafter

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Total undiscounted  lease payments

 

 

641 

 

 

Less: imputed interest

 

 

(86)

 

 

 -

Present value of  lease liabilities

 

 

555 

 

 

Less: current obligations under leases

 

 

(250)

 

 

(1)

Long-term lease obligations

 

$

305 

 

$

 -



 

 

 

 

 

 



Disclosures related to periods prior to adoption of the new lease standard



Lease Commitments

The following table presents a summary of our facilities under non-cancelable lease agreements at December 31, 2018:







 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



  

 

 

              

 

 

                            

 

 

 

 

Description

 

Lease Start Date

 

 

Lease End Date

 

 

Renewal options remaining

 

Straight line monthly rental payment (in thousands)

Corporate office, Jacksonville, Florida

 

7/15/2018

 

 

7/31/2019

 

 

none

 

$

31 

Wireless design facility, Lake Mary, Florida

 

7/1/2017

 

 

11/30/2022

 

 

2 options to extend for 36 months each

 

$

13 

Warehouse and production facility, Jacksonville, Florida

 

7/1/2017

 

 

7/31/2020

 

 

none

 

$



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Deferred rent is amortized to rent expense over the respective lease terms. In addition to sales tax payable on base rental amounts, certain leases obligate us to pay pro-rated annual operating expenses for the properties.  Rent expense for our facilities for the year ended December 31, 2018, was approximately $0.5 million. 



Contractual obligations

Future minimum lease payments under all non-cancelable operating leases and capital leases that have initial terms in excess of one year as of December 31, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



  

 

 

              

 

 

                            

 

 

 

 

Contractual obligations:

2019

 

2020

 

2021 and thereafter

 

Total

Operating leases

$

372 

 

$

191 

 

$

345 

 

$

908 

Capital leases

$

 

$

 

$

 -

 

$



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2018 for operating leases include approximately $0.7 million related to our Lake Mary, Florida facility.  We ceased use of this facility in 2018 and at December 31, 2018, we have recorded a lease liability of $0.2 million which reflects the estimated net present value of our Lake Mary lease obligation, net of estimated future sublease rental income (see Note 15).

 

9. LONG-TERM DEBT



Notes Payable



Note Payable to a Related Party

We have an unsecured promissory note payable of $0.9 million to Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein, & Fox, PLLC (“SKGF”), a related party (see Note 16), for outstanding unpaid fees for legal services.  The SKGF note, as amended in 2018, accrued interest at a rate of 8% per annum and provided for payments of principal and interest of approximately $48,500 per month commencing October 31, 2018 through March 31, 2020.  At December 31, 2018, we were in default on the payment terms of the SKGF note. In March 2019, we amended the note to provide for a waiver of past payment defaults, a decrease in the interest rate from 8% per annum to 4% per annum, an extension of the maturity date from March 2020 to April 2022, and a modification of payment terms.  This amendment constituted a troubled debt restructuring and was accounted for on a prospective basis from the date of the amendment. As of June 29, 2019, we amended the note to provide for a postponement of past payment defaults and future payments until October 2019.  In October 2019, we further amended the note to provide a continued waiver of any payment defaults and to modify the payment schedule such that repayments of principal and interest commence January 31, 2020 at a rate of $10,000 per month with a final balloon payment due in April 2022.  We are currently in compliance with all the terms of the note, as amended.  For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recognized interest expense of approximately $0.04 million and $0.06 million, respectively, related to this note.



Unsecured Short-Term Notes Payable

In May and June 2019, we entered into short-term promissory notes with accredited investors for aggregate proceeds of approximately $0.23 million. The notes were unsecured, accrued interest at a rate of 18% per annum and had an original maturity date at the earlier of ninety (90) days following the issuance date or upon our receipt of additional litigation financing. Subsequently, the maturity date for the notes was extended to December 2019 and the interest rate was increased to 20% per annum.  In the first quarter of 2020, we issued an aggregate of 1,740,426 shares of our common stock as an in-kind repayment of all outstanding principal and accrued interest on these short-term notes (see Note 18).  Interest expense incurred on these short-term notes for the year-ended December 31, 2019, was approximately $0.03 million.



Secured Note Payable

We have a note payable to Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C. (“Mintz”) for outstanding, unpaid attorney’s fees and costs associated with our patent enforcement program. The Mintz note is non-interest bearing, except in the event of a default, and is secured by certain of our U.S. and foreign patents. The note, at Mintz’s option, accelerates and becomes immediately due and payable in the case of standard events of default and/or in the event of a sale or other transfer of substantially all of our assets or a transfer of more than 50% of our capital stock in one or a series of transactions or through a merger or other similar transaction. In an event of default, the note will accrue interest at a rate of 12% per annum on any outstanding balance until such time that the note is paid in full.



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The Mintz note provided for an initial installment of $0.1 million upon execution and monthly installments of $0.2 million beginning November 2018.  We repaid an aggregate of $1.2 million and $0.1 million in 2019 and 2018, respectively, and therefore failed to meet our payment obligations under the Mintz note.  Mintz waived past and future payment defaults, an increase in the default interest rate to 12% and acceleration of unpaid principal and interest through November 16, 2019, provided that no other event of default occurred.  As of December 31, 2019, we were in payment default under the note, and accordingly, the note balance at December 31, 2019 includes approximately $0.02 million in default interest.    We are in active discussions with Mintz to cure the default and resolve outstanding fees, including approximately $1.6 million included in accounts payable at December 31, 2019, which are currently in dispute.  Currently, Mintz has not requested acceleration of unpaid principal and interest on the note, nor have they waived the outstanding default.  In the first quarter of 2020, we paid Mintz an aggregate of approximately $1.2 million against outstanding amounts owed to them.



At December 31, 2019, the aggregate maturities of our notes payable are as follows (in thousands):





 

 



 

 



 

 

2020

$

1,533 

2021

 

90 

2022

 

703 

Total

$

2,326 



 

 



The estimated fair value of our notes payable at December 31, 2019 is approximately $2.2 million based on a risk-adjusted discount rate.



Convertible Notes



In 2019 and 2018, we sold five-year convertible promissory notes for aggregate proceeds of approximately $2.4 million and $1.3 million, respectively.  Our convertible notes represent five-year promissory notes that are convertible, at the holders’ option, into shares of our common stock at fixed conversion prices. Interest payments are made on a quarterly basis and are payable, at our option and subject to certain equity conditions, in either cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination thereof. To date, all interest payments on the convertible notes have been made in shares of our common stock.  We have recognized the convertible notes as debt in our consolidated financial statements.  The fixed conversion prices of certain of the notes were below market value of our common stock on the closing date resulting in a beneficial conversion feature with a value of approximately $0.6 million and $0.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  The beneficial conversion feature is recorded as a discount on the convertible notes with a corresponding increase to additional paid in capital. 



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Convertible notes payable at December 31, 2019 and 2018, consist of the following (in thousands):





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Fixed

 

Effective

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

Conversion

 

Interest

 

 

 

December 31,

Description

 

Rate

 

Rate

 

Maturity Date

 

2019

 

2018

Convertible notes dated September 10, 2018

 

$0.40

 

8.3%

 

September 7, 2023

 

$

700 

 

$

800 

Convertible notes dated September 19, 2018

 

$0.57

 

8.3%

 

September 19, 2023

 

 

425 

 

$

425 

Convertible notes dated February/March 2019

 

$0.25

 

8.0%

 

February 28, 2024 to March 13, 2024

 

 

1,300 

 

 

 -

Convertible notes dated June/July 2019

 

$0.10

 

8.0%

 

June 7, 2024 to July 15, 2024

 

 

390 

 

 

 -

Convertible notes dated July 18, 2019

 

$0.08

 

46.1%

 

July 18, 2024

 

 

700 

 

 

 -

Convertible notes dated September 13, 2019

 

$0.10

 

25.9%

 

September 13, 2024

 

 

50 

 

 

 -

Total principal balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,565 

 

 

1,225 

Less unamortized discount

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

832 

 

 

388 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

2,733 

 

$

837 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



The July 18, 2019, notes bear interest at a stated rate of 7.5% per annum, while all other notes bear interest at a stated rate of 8% per annum.  Interest is payable quarterly and we may elect to pay interest in either cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination thereof, subject to certain equity conditions.  For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, we recognized interest expense of approximately $0.32 million and $0.05 million, respectively, including approximately $0.1 million and $0.02 million, respectively, related to amortization of the discount and $0.22 million and $0.03 million, respectively, related to the contractual interest which we elected to pay in shares of our common stock.  The unamortized discount on the convertible notes will be amortized over a remaining period of approximately 4.15 years. 



The shares underlying the 2018 convertible notes, as well as shares reserved for future in-kind interest payments on the notes, were registered on a registration statement that was declared effective on November 13, 2018 (File No. 333-228184).  The shares underlying the February and March 2019 convertible notes, as well as shares reserved for future in-kind interest payments on the notes, were registered on a registration statement that was declared effective on April 19, 2019 (File No. 333-230888). The shares underlying the June and July 2019 c