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EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - SilverSun Technologies, Inc.ex31-1.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
 

 
FORM 10-K
 

 
 ANNUAL REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended: December 31, 2017
 
or  
 TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number: 000-50302
 
SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Delaware
 
16-1633636
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
120 Eagle Rock Ave
East Hanover, NJ 07936
(Address of principal executive offices) 
 
(973) 396-1720
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
 
Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None
 
Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per share
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No  
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
 
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
 
Large accelerated filer 
 
Accelerated filer 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer 
 
Smaller Reporting Company 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No
 
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2017 based on a closing price of $3.90 was $5,476,587. As of March 23, 2018, the registrant had 4,495,728 shares of its common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, outstanding.  
 
Documents Incorporated By Reference: None.  

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
Page No.
PART I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
4
Item 1A.
 
11
Item 1B.
 
16
Item 2.
 
17
Item 3.
 
17
Item 4.
 
17
 
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
18
Item 6.
 
19
Item 7.
 
20
Item 7A.
 
26
Item 8.
 
26
Item 9.
 
27
Item 9A.
 
27
Item 9B.
 
27
 
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
 
28
Item 11.
 
31
Item 12.
 
33
Item 13.
 
34
Item 14.
 
34
 
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
 
35
 
 
 
 
 
37
 
 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are “forward-looking” statements, as well as historical information. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements will prove to be correct. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including matters described in the section titled “Risk Factors.” Forward-looking statements include those that use forward-looking terminology, such as the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “project,” “plan,” “will,” “shall,” “should,” and similar expressions, including when used in the negative. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable and achievable, these statements involve risks and uncertainties and we cannot assure you that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update or revise these forward-looking statements, whether to reflect events or circumstances after the date initially filed or published, to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or otherwise.
 
 
 
 

PART I

Item 1. Business Overview
 
We are a business application, technology and consulting company providing strategies and solutions to meet our clients’ information, technology and business management needs. Our services and technologies enable customers to manage, protect and monetize their enterprise assets whether on-premise or in the “Cloud”. As a value-added reseller of business application software, we offer solutions for accounting and business management, financial reporting, Enterprise Resource Planning (“ERP”), Warehouse Management Systems (“WMS”), Customer Relationship Management (“CRM”), and Business Intelligence (“BI”). Additionally, we have our own development staff building software solutions for Electronic Data Interchange (“EDI”), time and billing, and various ERP enhancements. Our value-added services focus on consulting and professional services, specialized programming, training, and technical support. We have a dedicated network services practice that provides managed services, hosting, business continuity, cloud, email and web services. Our customers are nationwide, with concentrations in the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area, Chicago, Arizona, Southern California, North Carolina and Washington.
 
Our core business is divided into the following practice areas:
 
ERP (Enterprise Resource Management) and Accounting Software
 
We are a value-added reseller for a number of industry-leading ERP applications. We are a Sage Software Authorized Business Partner and Sage Certified Gold Development Partner. We believe we are among the largest Sage ERP X3 partners in North America, with a sales and implementation presence complemented by a scalable software development practice for customizations and enhancements. Due to the growing demand for true cloud-based ERP solutions, we have added two (2) industry leading applications to our ERP portfolio: (1) NetSuite ERP, among the world’s leading cloud ERP solutions; and (2) Acumatica, a browser-based ERP solution that can be offered on premise, in the public cloud, or in a private cloud. We develop and resell a variety of add-on solutions to all our ERP and accounting packages that help customize the installation to our customers’ needs and streamline their operations.
 
Value-Added Services for ERP
 
We go beyond simply reselling software packages; we have a consulting and professional services organization that manages the process as we move from the sales stage into implementation, go live, and production. We work inside our customers’ organizations to ensure all software and Information Technology (“IT”) solutions are enhancing their business needs. A significant portion of our services revenue comes from continuing to work with existing customers as their business needs change, upgrading from one version of software to another, or providing additional software solutions to help them grow their revenue. We have a dedicated help desk team that fields hundreds of calls every week. Our custom programming department builds specialized software packages as well as “off the shelf” enhancements and time and billing software.
 
EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) Software and Services
 
EDI is the computer to computer exchange of standard business documents, such as purchase orders and invoices, in electronic format. A standard file format is established for each kind of document in order to facilitate the exchange of data across a variety of platforms and programs. We have a proprietary software solution, MAPADOC, which is fully integrated with the Sage ERPs. MAPADOC allows businesses to dramatically cut data entry time by eliminating duplicate entries and reduces costly errors with trading partners. MAPADOC is the only EDI solution that is built within the framework of the Sage ERPs, allowing customers to stay within one application to get their job done.
 
Network and Managed Services
 
We provide comprehensive network and managed services designed to eliminate the IT concerns of our customers. Businesses can focus on their core strengths rather than technology issues. We adapt our solutions for virtually any type of business, from large national and international product and service providers, to small businesses with local customers. Our business continuity services provide automatic on and off-site backups, complete encryption, and automatic failure testing. We also provide email and web security, IT consulting, managed network, and emergency IT services. Our focus in the network and managed services practice is to focus on industry verticals in order to demonstrate our ability to better understand our customers’ needs.

Industry Overview
 
As a value-added reseller of business application software, we offer solutions for accounting and business management, financial reporting, managed services, ERP, WMS, CRM, and BI.  Additionally, we have our own development staff building software solutions for EDI, time and billing, and various ERP enhancements.  Our value-added services focus on consulting and professional services, specialized programming, training, and technical support. The majority of our customers are small and medium businesses (“SMBs”).
 
Potential Competitive Strengths
 
•       
Independent Software Vendor. As an independent software vendor we have published integrations between ERPs and third-party products which differentiates us from other business application providers because, as a value-added reseller of the ERPs that our proprietary products integrate with, we have specific software solution expertise in the ERPs we resell, which affords us the opportunity to ensure that our proprietary products tightly integrate with the ERPs. We own the intellectual property related to these integrations, and sell the solutions both directly and through other software resellers within the Sage network.
 
•       
Sage Certified Gold Development Partner. As a Sage Certified Gold Development Partner, we are licensed to customize the source code of the Sage ERPs. Very few resellers are master developers, and in fact, we provide custom programming services for many other resellers. We have full-time programmers on staff, which provides us with a depth and breadth of expertise that we believe very few competitors can match.
 
 
•       
Experienced Leadership.We have a senior management team which in the aggregate has greater than 60 years of experience across a broad range of disciplines.
 
 
•       
Ability to Recruit, Manage and Retain Quality Personnel. We have a track record of recruiting, managing and retaining skilled labor and our ability to do so represents an important advantage in an industry in which a shortage of skilled labor is often a key limitation for both clients and competitors alike. We recruit skilled labor from competitors and from amongst end users with experience using the various products we sell, whom we then train as consultants. We believe our ability to hire, manage and maintain skilled labor gives an edge over our competitors as we continue to grow.
 
 
•        
Combination of Hardware/Software Expertise. Many competitors have software solution expertise. Others have network/hardware expertise. We believe we are among the very few organizations with an expertise in both software and hardware, affording us the opportunity to provide turnkey solutions for our customers without the need to bring in additional vendors on a project.
 
 
•        
Technical Expertise. Our geographical reach and substantial technical capabilities afford our clients the ability to customize and tailor solutions to satisfy all of their business needs.
 
Our Growth Strategy
 
General
 
Our strategy is to grow our business through a combination of intra-company growth of our software applications, technology solutions and managed services, as well as expansion through acquisitions, both within our existing geographic reach and through geographic expansion. We have established a national presence via our internal marketing, sales programs, and acquisitions and now have ERP customers and MAPADOC customers throughout most of the United States. 
 
Intra-Company Growth
 
Our intra-company growth strategy is to increase our market penetration and client retention through the upgrade of, and expanded sales efforts with, our existing products and managed services and development of new and enhanced software and technology solutions. Our client retention is sustained by our providing responsive, ongoing software and technical support and monitoring and maintenance services for both the solutions we sell and other client technology needs we provide.
 
Repeat business from our existing customer base has been key to our success and we expect it will continue to play a vital role in our growth. We focus on nurturing long-standing relationships with existing customers while also establishing relationships with new customers.
 

Acquisitions
 
The markets in which we provide our services are occupied by a large number of competitors, many substantially larger than us, and with significantly greater resources and geographic reach. We believe that to remain competitive, we need to take advantage of acquisition opportunities that arise which may help us achieve greater geographic presence and economies both within our existing footprint and expanded territories. As such, we have completed twelve (12) acquisitions and/or collaborative agreements in the past sixty (60) months. We may also utilize acquisitions, whenever appropriate, to expand our technological capabilities and product offerings. We focus on acquisitions that are profitable and fit seamlessly with our existing operations.
 
We believe our markets contain a number of attractive acquisition candidates. We foresee expanding through acquisitions of one or more of the following types of software and technology organizations:
 
 
•        Managed Service Providers (“MSPs”). MSPs provide their small and medium-sized business clients with a suite of services, which may include 24/7/365 remote monitoring of networks, disaster recovery, business continuity, data back-up, cyber-security and the like. There are hundreds of providers of such services in the U.S., most with annual recurring revenue of less than $10 million. We believe that we may be able to consolidate a number of these MSPs with our existing operation in an effort to become one of the more significant providers of these services in the U.S.
 
 
 
•        Independent Software Vendors (“ISVs”). ISVs are publishers of both stand-alone software solutions and integrations that integrate with other third party products. Our interest lies with ISVs selling into the small and medium-sized business marketplace, providing applications addressing e-commerce, mobility, security, and other functionalities. Since we have expertise in both selling directly to end-users and selling through a sales channel, we believe we can significantly enhance the sales volume of any potential acquisition via our existing infrastructure, our sales channel, and our internal marketing programs. There are many ISVs in North America, constituting a large and significant target base for our acquisition efforts.
 
 
 
•      Value-Added Resellers (“VARs”) of ERP, Warehouse Management Systems (“WMS”), CRM and BI Software. Of the hundreds of VARs in the Sage Software sales channel, we believe we are one of the top based on our 2017 revenue. VARs gross margins are a function of the sales volume they provide a publisher in a twelve (12) month period, and we are currently operating at the highest margins. Smaller resellers, who sell less and operate at significantly lower margins, are at a competitive disadvantage to companies such as ours, and are often amenable to creating a liquidity event for themselves by selling to larger organizations. We have benefitted from completing such acquisitions in a number of ways, including but not limited to: (i) garnering new customers to whom we can upsell and cross-sell our broad range of products and services; (ii) gaining technical resources that enhance our capabilities; and (iii) extending our geographic reach.
 
Our business strategy provides that we will examine the potential acquisition of businesses within our industry. In determining a suitable acquisition candidate, we will carefully analyze a target’s potential to add to and complement our product mix, expand our existing revenue base, improve our margins, expand our geographic coverage, strengthen our management team, add technical resources and expertise, and, above all, improve stockholder returns. More specifically, we have identified the criteria listed below, by which we evaluate potential acquisition targets in an effort to gain the synergies necessary for successful growth of the Company:
 
 
•         Access to new customers and geographic markets;
 
 
•         Recurring revenue of the target;
 
 
•         Opportunity to gain operating leverage and increased profit margins;
 
 
•         Diversification of sales by customer and/or product;
 
 
•         Improvements in product/service offerings; and
 
 
•         Ability to attract public capital and increased investor interest. 

We are unable to predict the nature, size or timing of any acquisition. We can give no assurance that we will reach agreement or procure the financial resources necessary to fund any acquisition, or that we will be able to successfully integrate or improve returns as a result of any such acquisition.

We continue to seek out and hold preliminary discussions with various acquisition candidates. However, currently we have not entered into any agreements or understandings for any acquisitions that management deems material.
 
Electronic Data Interchange Software Strategy
 
Our strategy for our proprietary EDI software, including specifically “MAPADOC” is to continue to achieve market penetration with new customers within our existing and expanding footprint and increase sales of new modules and enhanced functionality to our existing customer base. To remain competitive, we must periodically upgrade our software to the platform most commonly requested by the market. We must also continue our focus on enhancing applications through the addition of new functionality. Towards that end, we are exploring the development of a cloud offering or Software-as-a-Service model for MAPADOC.
 
Enterprise Resource Planning Software Strategy
 
Our ERP software strategy is focused on serving the needs of our expansive installed base of customers for our Sage 100 ERP, Sage 500 ERP, and Sage BusinessWorks practices, while rapidly growing the number of customers using Sage ERP X3, NetSuite, and Acumatica.  We currently have approximately 3,000 active ERP customers using one of these six solutions, including customers using certain add-on support products to these solutions.  In the past we, have focused primarily on on-premise mid-market Sage Software solutions but in the past three years have shifted our focus to the more enterprise-level Sage ERP X3 offering, as well as diversifying into cloud ERP solutions.  This has allowed us to increase our average deal size significantly and also to keep pace with the changing trends that we see in the industry. 
 
Managed Services Strategy
 
The Managed Services market is broadly segmented by types of services as such, for example managed data-center, managed network, managed mobility, managed infrastructure, managed communications, managed information, managed security and other managed services. In addition, the market is segmented by market verticals, such as public sector, banking, financial services and insurance, education, retail, contact centers and service industries, high tech and telecommunications, healthcare and pharmaceuticals, travel and logistics, manufacturing, energy and utilities among others.
 
The recent trend in the industry shows that there is a high demand for managed services across every industry vertical. The implementation of managed services reduces IT costs by 30% to 40% in such enterprises. This enables organizations to have flexibility and technical advantage. Enterprises having their services outsourced look forward to risk sharing and to reduce their IT costs and IT commitments, so that they are able to concentrate on their core competencies. Organizations implementing managed services have reported almost a 50% to 60% increase in the operational efficiency of their outsourced processes. Enterprises have accepted outsourcing services as a means to enable them to reduce their capital expenditure (CapEx) and free up internal sources. Newer managed services that penetrate almost all the industry domains, along with aggressive pricing in services, are being offered. This results in an increase in the overall revenues of the managed services market. It is observed that there is an increase in outsourcing of wireless, communications, mobility and other value-added services, such as content and e-commerce facilities. With increasing technological advancements and the cost challenges associated with having the IT services in-house, we believe the future seems optimistic for managed services providers.
 
Our strategy is to continue to expand our product offerings to the small and medium sized business marketplace, and to increase our scale and capabilities via acquisition throughout the United States, but initially in those regions where we currently have existing offices.
 
Geographic Expansion
 
Generally, our technology offerings require on-premise implementation and support. When we expand into new geographic territories, we prefer to find qualified personnel in an area to augment our current staff of consultants to service our business. The need for hands-on implementation and support may also require investment in additional physical offices and other overhead. We believe our approach is conservative.
 
We may accelerate expansion if we find complementary businesses that we are able to acquire in other regions. Our marketing efforts to expand into new territories have included attendance at trade shows in addition to personal contact. 

Our Products and Services
 
Enterprise Resource Planning Software
 
Substantially all our initial sales of ERP financial accounting solutions consist of pre-packaged software and associated services to customers in the United States.

The Company resells ERP software published by Sage Software and other providers for the financial accounting requirements of small- and medium-sized businesses focused on manufacturing and distribution, and the delivery of related services from the sales of these products, including installation, support and training. The programs perform and support a wide variety of functions related to accounting, including financial reporting, accounts payable and accounts receivable, and inventory management.
 
We provide a variety of services along with our financial accounting software sales to assist our customers in maximizing the benefits from these software applications. These services include training, technical support, and professional services. We employ class instructors and have formal, specific training in the topics they are teaching. We can also provide on-site training services that are highly tailored to meet the needs of a particular customer. Our instructors must pass annual subject-matter examinations required by Sage to retain their product-based teaching certifications.
 
We provide end-user technical support services through our support/help desk. Our product and technology consultants assist customers calling with questions about product features, functions, usability issues, and configurations. The support/help desk offers services in a variety of ways, including prepaid services, time and materials billed as utilized and annual support contracts. Customers can communicate with the support/help desk through e-mail, telephone, and fax channels. Standard support/help desk services are offered during normal business hours five (5) days per week.
 
Electronic Data Interchange Software
 
We publish our own proprietary EDI software, “MAPADOC.” EDI can be used to automate existing processes, to rationalize procedures and reduce costs, and to improve the speed and quality of services. Because EDI necessarily involves business partners, it can be used as a catalyst for gaining efficiencies across organizational boundaries.
 
Our “MAPADOC” EDI solution is a fully integrated EDI solution that provides users of Sage Software’s market-leading Sage 100 ERP/Sage 500 ERP/Sage ERP X3 software products with a feature rich product that is easy to use. “MAPADOC” provides the user with dramatically decreased data entry time, elimination of redundant steps, the lowering of paper and postage costs, the reduction of time spent typing, signing, checking and approving documents and the ability to self-manage EDI and to provide a level of independence that saves time and money.
 
We market our “MAPADOC” solutions to our existing and new small and medium-sized business customers, and through a network of resellers. We have a sales team of technical specialists involved in marketing and supporting sales of the “MAPADOC” product and associated services.
 
Warehouse Management Systems
 
We are resellers of the Accellos Warehouse Management System software published by High Jump, Inc. (“High Jump”). High Jump develops warehouse management software for mid-market distributors. The primary purpose of a WMS is to control the movement and storage of materials within an operation and process the associated transactions. Directed picking, directed replenishment, and directed put-away are the key to WMS. The detailed setup and processing within a WMS can vary significantly from one software vendor to another. However, the basic WMS will use a combination of item, location, quantity, unit of measure, and order information to determine where to stock, where to pick, and in what sequence to perform these operations.
 
The Accellos WMS software improves accuracy and efficiency, streamlines materials handling, meets retail compliance requirements, and refines inventory control. Accellos also works as part of a complete operational solution by integrating seamlessly with radio frequency hardware, accounting software, shipping systems and warehouse automation equipment.
 
We market the Accellos solution to our existing and new medium-sized business customers.

Managed Network Services and Business Consulting
 
We provide managed services, data back-up, network maintenance and service upgrades for our business clients. We are a Microsoft Solutions Provider. Our staff includes engineers who maintain certifications from Microsoft and Sage Software. They are Microsoft Certified Systems Engineers and Microsoft Certified Professionals, and they provide a host of services for our clients, including remote network monitoring, server implementation, support and assistance, operation and maintenance of large central systems, technical design of network infrastructure, technical troubleshooting for large scale problems, network and server security, and backup, archiving, and storage of data from servers. There are numerous competitors, both larger and smaller, nationally and locally, with whom we compete in this market.
 

Product Development
 
We are continually looking to improve and develop new products. Our product initiatives include various new product offerings, which are either extensions of existing products or newly conceptualized product offerings including, but not limited to:
 
 
•         Time and Billing Exact (TBX)
 
 
•         SPS RSX Connector
 
 
•         MAPADOC Express
 
 
•         Fusion X3 Integration
 
 
•         Accellos X3 Integration
 
We are using a dual-shore development approach to keep product development costs at a minimum.  All our product development is led by U.S. based employees.  The project leaders are technical resources who are involved in developing technical specifications, design decisions, usability testing, and transferring the project knowledge to our offshore development team.  Several times per week, the product development leadership team meets with our project leaders and development teams to discuss project status, development obstacles, and project timelines. 
 
Arrangements with Principal Suppliers
 
Our revenues are primarily derived from the resale of vendor software products and services. These resales are made pursuant to channel sales agreements whereby we are granted authority to purchase and resell the vendor products and services. Under these agreements, we either resell software directly to our customers or act as a sales agent for various vendors and receive commissions for our sales efforts.
 
We are required to enter into an annual Channel Partner Agreement with Sage Software whereby Sage Software appoints us as a non-exclusive partner to market, distribute, and support Sage 100 ERP, Sage 500 ERP and Sage ERP X3. The Channel Partner Agreement is for a one-year term, and automatically renews for an additional one-year term on the anniversary of the agreement’s effective date. These agreements authorize us to sell these software products to customers in the United States. There are no clauses in this agreement that limit or restrict the services that we can offer to customers. We also operate a Sage Software Authorized Training Center Agreement and also are party to a Master Developers Program License Agreement.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, purchases from Sage Software were approximately 23% and 24%, respectively, of the Company’s total cost of revenue.  Generally, the Company does not rely on any one specific supplier for all its purchases and maintains relationships with other suppliers that could replace its existing supplier should the need arise.
 
Customers
 
We market our products primarily throughout North America.  For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, our top ten (10) customers accounted for 21% ($7,461,570) and 19% ($6,574,232), respectively, of our total revenues. Generally, we do not rely on any one specific customer for any significant portion of our revenue base. No single customer accounted for ten percent or more of our consolidated revenues base.
 
Intellectual Property
 
We regard our technology and other proprietary rights as essential to our business. We rely on copyright, trade secret, confidentiality procedures, contract provisions, and trademark law to protect our technology and intellectual property. We have also entered into confidentiality agreements with our consultants and corporate partners and intend to control access to, and distribution of our products, documentation, and other proprietary information.

We own two trademarks registered with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office for “MAPADOC” and have two (2) trademark applications pending. We have no patents or patent applications pending.
 

Competition
 
Our markets are highly fragmented and the business is characterized by a large number of participants, including several large companies, as well significant number of small, privately-held, local competitors. A significant portion of our revenue is currently derived from requests for proposals (RFPs”) and price is often an important factor in awarding such agreements. Accordingly, our competitors may underbid us if they elect to price their services aggressively to procure such business. Our competitors may also develop the expertise, experience and resources to provide services that are equal or superior in both price and quality to our services, and we may not be able to enhance our competitive position.  The principal competitive factors for our professional services include geographic presence, breadth of service offerings, technical skills, quality of service and industry reputation. We believe we compete favorably with our competitors on the basis of these factors.
 
Employees
 
As of March 23, 2018, we had approximately 158 full time employees with 40 of our employees engaged in sales and marketing activities, 84 employees are engaged in service fulfillment, and 34 employees performing administrative functions.
 
Our future success depends in significant part upon the continued services of our key sales, technical, and senior management personnel and our ability to attract and retain highly qualified sales, technical, and managerial personnel. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining agreement and we have never experienced a work stoppage.
 
Our Corporate History
 
We were incorporated on October 3, 2002, as a wholly owned subsidiary of iVoice, Inc. (“iVoice”). On February 11, 2004, the Company was spun off from iVoice and became an independent publicly traded company. On September 5, 2003, we changed our corporate name to Trey Resources, Inc. In March 2004, Trey Resources, Inc. began trading on the OTCBB under the symbol TYRIA.OB. In June 2011, we changed our name to SilverSun Technologies, Inc., trading under the symbol SSNT.
 
Prior to June 2004, we were engaged in the design, manufacture, and marketing of specialized telecommunication equipment. On June 2, 2004, our wholly-owned subsidiary, SWK Technologies, Inc. (“SWK”) completed its acquisition of SWK, Inc. Since the acquisition of SWK, Inc. we have focused on three (3) core business sectors, including acting as the following: (i) a managed service provider for computer networks, providing cybersecurity, 24/7 remote monitoring of networks, data backup, hosting,  and business continuity and disaster recovery services; (ii) a value added reseller and master developer for Sage Software’s Sage 100 ERP, Sage 500 ERP and Sage ERP X3 enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) financial software; and (iii) publisher of its own proprietary software solutions and integrations, including its Electronic Data Interchange (“EDI”) software, “MAPADOC.” We also publish twenty (20) other assorted software solutions. We focus on the business application software and the information technology consulting market for small and medium-sized businesses (“SMB’s”), selling services and products to various end users, manufacturers, wholesalers and distributors located throughout the United States.
 
Our strategy is to grow our business through a combination of intra-company growth of our software applications and technology solutions, as well as expansion through acquisitions, both within our existing geographic reach and through geographic expansion. To that end, since 2006, we have completed a number of acquisitions that have increased our client base, technical expertise and geographic footprint. 
 
On June 2, 2006, SWK completed the acquisition of certain assets of AMP-Best Consulting, Inc. (“AMP”) of Syracuse, New York.  AMP is an information technology company and value added reseller of licensed ERP software published by Sage Software.  AMP sold services and products to various end users, manufacturers, wholesalers and distribution industry clients located throughout the United States, with special emphasis on companies located in the upstate New York region.
 
During 2011, SWK acquired Sage’s Software’s customer accounts in connection with IncorTech, LLC (“IncorTech”), a Southern California-based Sage business partner. This transaction increased our geographical influence in Southern California for the sale and support of our MAPADOC integrated EDI solution and the marketing of our Sage ERP X3 to both former IncorTech customers as well as new consumers. IncorTech had previously provided professional accounting, technology, and business consulting services to over 300 clients.
 
In June 2012, SWK acquired selected assets and obligations of Hightower, Inc., a Chicago-based reseller of Sage software applications. In addition to the strategic geographic benefits that this acquisition brings to SWK, there is also a substantial suite of proprietary enhancement software solutions.
 

In May 2014, we completed the purchase of selected assets of ESC Software (“ESC”), a leading Arizona-based reseller of Sage Software and Acumatica applications. Founded in 2000, ESC has implemented technology solutions at prominent companies throughout the Southwest.  In addition to the strategic benefits of this acquisition, it has given us additional annual revenues, approximately 300 additional Sage Software ERP customers and affords us market penetration in the Southwest.
 
On March 11, 2015 SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with 2000 SOFT, Inc. d/b/a Accounting Technology Resource (“ATR”), a California corporation. In addition to the strategic geographic benefits of this acquisition, it has provided additional revenues from the approximately 250 additional customers.
 
On July 6, 2015 SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with ProductiveTech, Inc. (“PTI”), a Southern New Jersey corporation. In addition to the strategic geographic benefits of this acquisition, it has provided additional revenues from the approximately 85 additional customers.
 
On October 1, 2015, SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with The Macabe Associates, Inc., (“Macabe”) a Washington based reseller of Sage Software and Acumatica applications. In addition to the strategic geographic benefits of this acquisition, it has provided additional revenues from the approximately 180 additional customers.

On October 19, 2015, SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Oates & Company, (“Oates”) a North Carolina reseller of Sage Software applications. In addition to the strategic geographic benefits of this acquisition, it has provided additional revenues from the approximately 185 additional customers.
 
Where You Can Find More Information
 
Our website address is www.silversuntech.com. We do not intend our website address to be an active link or to otherwise incorporate by reference the contents of the website into this Report. The public may read and copy any materials the Company files with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0030. The SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
 
Risks Relating to our Business
 
We have a large accumulated deficit, may incur future losses and may be unable to maintain profitability.
 
As of December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, we had an accumulated deficit of $7,692,242 and $7,205,773, respectively. As of December 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016 we had stockholders’ equity of $4,227,121 and $4,970,916 respectively. We may incur net losses in the future. Our ability to achieve and sustain long-term profitability is largely dependent on our ability to successfully market and sell our products and services, control our costs, and effectively manage our growth. We cannot assure you that we will be able to maintain profitability. In the event we fail to maintain profitability, our stock price could decline.

We cannot accurately forecast our future revenues and operating results, which may fluctuate.
 
Our operating history and the rapidly changing nature of the markets in which we compete make it difficult to accurately forecast our revenues and operating results. Furthermore, we expect our revenues and operating results to fluctuate in the future due to a number of factors, including the following:
 
·
the timing of sales of our products and services;
 
·
the timing of product implementation, particularly large design projects;
 
·
unexpected delays in introducing new products and services;
 
·
increased expenses, whether related to sales and marketing, product development, or administration;
 
·
the mix of product license and services revenue; and
 
·
costs related to possible acquisitions of technology or businesses.

We may fail to develop new products, or may incur unexpected expenses or delays.
 
Although we currently have fully developed products available for sale, we may need to develop various new technologies, products and product features and to remain competitive. Due to the risks inherent in developing new products and technologies — limited financing, loss of key personnel, and other factors — we may fail to develop these technologies and products, or may experience lengthy and costly delays in doing so. Although we are able to license some of our technologies in their current stage of development, we cannot assure that we will be able to develop new products or enhancements to our existing products in order to remain competitive.
 
We may need additional financing which we may not be able to obtain on acceptable terms. If we are unable to raise additional capital, as needed, the future growth of our business and operations could be severely limited.
 
A limiting factor on our growth is our limited capitalization, which could impact our ability to execute on our business plan. If we raise additional capital through the issuance of debt, this will result in increased interest expense. If we raise additional funds through the issuance of equity or convertible debt securities, the percentage ownership of the Company held by existing shareholders will be reduced and our shareholders may experience significant dilution. In addition, new securities may contain rights, preferences or privileges that are senior to those of our Common Stock. If additional funds are raised by the issuance of debt or other equity instruments, we may become subject to certain operational limitations (for example, negative operating covenants). There can be no assurance that acceptable financing necessary to further implement our business plan can be obtained on suitable terms, if at all. Our ability to develop our business, fund expansion, develop or enhance products or respond to competitive pressures, could suffer if we are unable to raise the additional funds on acceptable terms, which would have the effect of limiting our ability to increase our revenues or possibly attain profitable operations in the future.
 
If we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal control, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or to reduce probability of fraud occurrence. Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely impact the trading price of our Common Stock.
 
Effective internal control is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. We may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed.
 
Management has concluded that the Company did maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on the criteria set forth in 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the COSO.
 
We may fail to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
 
We expect to rapidly expand our operations and grow our sales, development and administrative operations. Accordingly, recruiting and retaining such personnel in the future will be critical to our success. There is intense competition from other companies for qualified personnel in the areas of our activities, particularly sales, marketing and managed services. If we fail to identify, attract, retain and motivate these highly skilled personnel, we may be unable to continue our marketing and managed services activities and service our clients’ needs, and this could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.
 
If our technologies and products contain defects or otherwise do not work as expected, we may incur significant expenses in attempting to correct these defects or in defending lawsuits over any such defects.
 
Software products are not currently accurate in every instance, and may never be. Furthermore, we could inadvertently release products and technologies that contain defects. In addition, third-party technology that we include in our products could contain defects. We may incur significant expenses to correct such defects. Clients who are not satisfied with our products or services could bring claims against us for substantial damages. Such claims could cause us to incur significant legal expenses and, if successful, could result in the plaintiffs being awarded significant damages. Our payment of any such expenses or damages could prevent us from becoming profitable.
 
Our success is highly dependent upon our ability to compete against competitors that have significantly greater resources than we have.
 
The ERP software, EDI software, MSP and business consulting industries are highly competitive, and we believe that this competition will intensify. Many of our competitors have longer operating histories, significantly greater financial, technical, product development and marketing resources, greater name recognition and larger client bases than we do. Our competitors could use these resources to market or develop products or services that are more effective or less costly than any or all of our products or services or that could render any or all of our products or services obsolete. Our competitors could also use their economic strength to influence the market to continue to buy their existing products.
 

If we are not able to protect our trade secrets through enforcement of our confidentiality and non-competition agreements, then we may not be able to compete effectively and we may not be profitable.
 
We attempt to protect our trade secrets, including the processes, concepts, ideas and documentation associated with our technologies, through the use of confidentiality agreements and non-competition agreements with our current employees and with other parties to whom we have divulged such trade secrets. If the employees or other parties breach our confidentiality agreements and non-competition agreements or if these agreements are not sufficient to protect our technology or are found to be unenforceable, our competitors could acquire and use information that we consider to be our trade secrets and we may not be able to compete effectively. Some of our competitors have substantially greater financial, marketing, technical and manufacturing resources than we have, and we may not be profitable if our competitors are also able to take advantage of our trade secrets.
 
Our failure to secure trademark registrations could adversely affect our ability to market our product candidates and our business.
 
Our trademark applications in the United States and any other jurisdictions where we may file may be denied, and we may not be able to maintain or enforce our registered trademarks. During trademark registration proceedings, we may receive rejections. Although we are given an opportunity to respond to those rejections, we may be unable to overcome such rejections. In addition, with respect to the United States Patent and Trademark Office and any corresponding foreign agencies, third parties are given an opportunity to oppose pending trademark applications and to seek to cancel registered trademarks. Opposition or cancellation proceedings may be filed against our applications and/or registrations, and our applications and/or registrations may not survive such proceedings. Failure to secure such trademark registrations in the United States and in foreign jurisdictions could adversely affect our ability to market our product candidates and our business.
 
We may unintentionally infringe on the proprietary rights of others.
 
Many lawsuits currently are being brought in the software industry alleging violation of intellectual property rights. Although we do not believe that we are infringing on any patent rights, patent holders may claim that we are doing so. Any such claim would likely be time-consuming and expensive to defend, particularly if we are unsuccessful, and could prevent us from selling our products or services. In addition, we may also be forced to enter into costly and burdensome royalty and licensing agreements.
 
Our industry is characterized by rapid technological change and failure to adapt our product development to these changes may cause our products to become obsolete.
 
We participate in a highly dynamic industry characterized by rapid change and uncertainty relating to new and emerging technologies and markets. Future technology or market changes may cause some of our products to become obsolete more quickly than expected.
 
The trend toward consolidation in our industry may impede our ability to compete effectively.
 
As consolidation in the software industry continues, fewer companies dominate particular markets, changing the nature of the market and potentially providing consumers with fewer choices. Also, many of these companies offer a broader range of products than us, ranging from desktop to enterprise solutions. We may not be able to compete effectively against these competitors. Furthermore, we may use strategic acquisitions, as necessary, to acquire technology, people and products for our overall product strategy. The trend toward consolidation in our industry may result in increased competition in acquiring these technologies, people or products, resulting in increased acquisition costs or the inability to acquire the desired technologies, people or products. Any of these changes may have a significant adverse effect on our future revenues and operating results.
 
We face intense price-based competition for licensing of our products which could reduce profit margins.
 
Price competition is often intense in the software market. Price competition may continue to increase and become even more significant in the future, resulting in reduced profit margins.
 

The software and technology industry is highly competitive. If we cannot develop and market desirable products that the public is willing to purchase, we will not be able to compete successfully. Our business may be adversely affected and we may not be able to generate any revenues.
 
We have many potential competitors in the software industry. We consider the competition to be competent, experienced, and may have greater financial and marketing resources than we do. Our ability to compete effectively may be adversely affected by the ability of these competitors to devote greater resources to the development, sales, and marketing of their products than are available to us. Some of the Company’s competitors, also, offer a wider range of software products, have greater name recognition and more extensive customer bases than the Company. These competitors may be able to respond more quickly to new or changing opportunities, customer desires, as well as undertake more extensive promotional activities, offer terms that are more attractive to customers and adopt more aggressive pricing policies than the Company. We cannot provide any assurances that we will be able to compete successfully against present or future competitors or that the competitive pressure we may encounter will not force us to cease operations.
 
If there are events or circumstances affecting the reliability or security of the internet, access to our website and/or the ability to safeguard confidential information could be impaired causing a negative effect on the financial results of our business operations.
 
Despite the implementation of security measures, our website infrastructure may be vulnerable to computer viruses, hacking or similar disruptive problems caused by members, other internet users, other connected internet sites, and the interconnecting telecommunications networks. Such problems caused by third-parties could lead to interruptions, delays or cessation of service to our customers. Inappropriate use of the internet by third-parties could also potentially jeopardize the security of confidential information stored in our computer system, which may deter individuals from becoming customers. Such inappropriate use of the internet includes attempting to gain unauthorized access to information or systems, which is commonly known as “cracking” or “hacking.” Although we have implemented security measures, such measures have been circumvented in the past by hackers on other websites on the internet, although our networks have never been breached, and there can be no assurance that any measures we implement would not be circumvented in future. Dealing with problems caused by computer viruses or other inappropriate uses or security breaches may require interruptions, delays or cessation of service to our customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
 
If we lose the services of any of our key personnel our business may suffer.
 
We are dependent on Mark Meller, our Chief Executive Officer and other key employees in our operating subsidiary SWK.  The loss of any of our key personnel could materially harm our business because of the cost and time necessary to retain and train a replacement. Such a loss would also divert management attention away from operational issues. 
 
To service our debt obligations, we will require a significant amount of cash. Our ability to generate cash depends on many factors beyond our control. Any failure to repay our outstanding indebtedness as it matures, could materially adversely impact our business, prospects, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and cash flows.
 
Our ability to satisfy our debt obligations and repay or refinance our maturing indebtedness will depend principally upon our future operating performance.
 
As a result, prevailing economic conditions and financial, business, legislative, regulatory and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, will affect our ability to make payments on our debt and comply with the covenants of the line of credit. If we do not generate sufficient cash flow from operations to satisfy our debt service obligations, we may have to undertake alternative financing plans, such as refinancing or restructuring our debt, incurring additional debt, issuing equity or convertible securities, utilizing our line of credit, reducing discretionary expenditures and selling certain assets (or combinations thereof). Our ability to execute such alternative financing plans will depend on the capital markets and our financial condition at such time. In addition, our ability to execute such alternative financing plans may be subject to certain restrictions under our existing indebtedness, including our revolving credit facility and our term loan. Any refinancing of our debt could be at higher interest rates and may require us to comply with more onerous covenants compared to those associated with any debt that is being refinanced, which could further restrict our business operations. Our inability to generate sufficient cash flow to satisfy our debt obligations, or our inability to refinance our debt obligations on commercially reasonable terms or at all, would have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and cash flows.
 

Risks Related To Our Securities
 
The market price of our common stock is likely to be volatile and could subject us to litigation.
 
The market price of our common stock has been and is likely to continue to be subject to wide fluctuations. Factors affecting the market price of our common stock include:
 
 
variations in our operating results, earnings per share, cash flows from operating activities, deferred revenue, and other financial metrics and non-financial metrics, and how those results compare to analyst expectations;
 
issuances of new stock which dilutes earnings per share;
 
forward looking guidance to industry and financial analysts related to future revenue and earnings per share;
 
the net increases in the number of customers and paying subscriptions, either independently or as compared with published expectations of industry, financial or other analysts that cover our company;
 
changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in recommendations by securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock;
 
announcements of technological innovations, new services or service enhancements, strategic alliances or significant agreements by us or by our competitors;
 
announcements by us or by our competitors of mergers or other strategic acquisitions, or rumors of such transactions involving us or our competitors;
 
announcements of customer additions and customer cancellations or delays in customer purchases;
 
recruitment or departure of key personnel;
 
trading activity by a limited number of stockholders who together beneficially own a majority of our outstanding common stock.
 
In addition, if the stock market in general experiences uneven investor confidence, the market price of our common stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, operating results or financial condition. The market price of our common stock might also decline in reaction to events that affect other companies within, or outside, our industries even if these events do not directly affect us. Some companies that have experienced volatility in the trading price of their stock have been the subject of securities class action litigation. If we are to become the subject of such litigation, it could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources.

We currently have a limited trading volume, which results in higher price volatility for, and reduced liquidity of, our common stock.
 
There has been limited trading of our common stock since we began trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market in April 2017, meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common stock at or near ask prices at any given time may be relatively small or non-existent. This situation is attributable to a number of factors, including the fact that we are a smaller reporting company that is relatively unknown to stock analysts, stock brokers, institutional investors and others in the investment community who generate or influence sales volume. Even in the event that we come to the attention of such persons, they would likely be reluctant to follow an unproven company such as ours or purchase or recommend the purchase of our shares until such time as we become more seasoned and viable. As a consequence, our stock price may not reflect an actual or perceived value. Also, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our shares is minimal or non-existent, as is currently the case, as compared to a seasoned issuer that has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. A broader or more active public trading market for our common shares may not develop or if developed, may not be sustained. Due to these conditions, you may not be able to sell your shares at or near ask prices or at all if you need money or otherwise desire to liquidate your shares.
 
The ownership by our Chief Executive Officer of Series B Preferred Stock will likely limit your ability to influence corporate matters.
 
Mr. Mark Meller, our chief executive officer, is the beneficial owner of 100% of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Series B Preferred Stock. On July 28, 2016 the Company entered into a Series B Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Mark Meller, pursuant to which Mr. Meller was issued the only share of the Company’s authorized but unissued Series B Preferred Stock. Mr. Meller was issued one (1) share of Series B Preferred Stock for (i) $100 in cash and (ii) as partial consideration for Mr. Meller’s personal guarantee of the Revolving Demand Note. One (1) share of the Series B Preferred Stock has voting rights equal to (x) the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote divided by (y) forty-nine one-hundredths (0.49) minus (z) the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote.  For the avoidance of doubt, if the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote is 5,000,000, the voting rights of the Series B Preferred Stock shall be equal to 5,204,082 (e.g. (5,000,000 / 0.49) – 5,000,000 = 5,204,082). The Series B Preferred Stock has the rights, privileges, preferences and restrictions set for in the Certificate of Designation filed by the Corporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on September 23, 2011. As a result, our chief executive officer would have significant influence over most matters that require approval by our stockholders, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions, even if other stockholders oppose them. In addition, Mr. Meller beneficially owns approximately 44.6% of our issued and outstanding common stock. This concentration of ownership might also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of our company that other stockholders may view as beneficial.
Although our shares have been approved for listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market, our shares may be subject to potential delisting if we do not meet or continue to maintain the listing requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market.
 
Our shares have been approved for and currently trading on The Nasdaq Capital Market  (“Nasdaq”); however Nasdaq has rules for continued listing, including, without limitation, minimum market capitalization and other requirements. Failure to maintain our listing, or delisting from Nasdaq, would make it more difficult for shareholders to dispose of our common stock and more difficult to obtain accurate price quotations on our common stock. This could have an adverse effect on the price of our common stock. Our ability to issue additional securities for financing or other purposes, or otherwise to arrange for any financing we may need in the future, may also be materially and adversely affected if our common stock is not traded on a national securities exchange.
 
In order to raise sufficient funds to expand our operations, we may have to issue additional securities at prices which may result in substantial dilution to our shareholders.
 
If we raise additional funds through the sale of equity or convertible debt, our current stockholders’ percentage ownership will be reduced. In addition, these transactions may dilute the value of our common shares outstanding. We may also have to issue securities that may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to our common stock.

Possible adverse effect of issuance of preferred stock.
 
Our Certificate of Incorporation authorizes the issuance of 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock, of which all shares are available for issuance, with designations, rights and preferences as determined from time to time by the Board of Directors. As a result of the foregoing, the Board of Directors can issue, without further shareholder approval, preferred stock with dividend, liquidation, conversion, voting or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of Common Stock. The issuance of preferred stock could, under certain circumstances, discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of the Company.
 
Our stock price could fall and we could be delisted from the NASDAQ in which case U.S. Broker-Dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in shares of our common stock because they may be considered penny stocks and thus be subject to the penny stock rules.
 
The SEC has adopted a number of rules to regulate “penny stock” that restricts transactions involving stock which is deemed to be penny stock. Such rules include Rules 3a51-1, 15g-1, 15g-2, 15g-3, 15g-4, 15g-5, 15g-6, 15g-7, and 15g-9 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These rules may have the effect of reducing the liquidity of penny stocks. “Penny stocks” generally are equity securities with a price of less than $5.00 per share (other than securities registered on certain national securities exchanges or quoted on the NASDAQ Stock Market if current price and volume information with respect to transactions in such securities is provided by the exchange or system). Our securities have in the past constituted, and may again in the future constitute, “penny stock” within the meaning of the rules. The additional sales practice and disclosure requirements imposed upon U.S. broker-dealers may discourage such broker-dealers from effecting transactions in shares of our common stock, which could severely limit the market liquidity of such shares and impede their sale in the secondary market.
 
A U.S. broker-dealer selling penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor” (generally, an individual with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or an annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with his or her spouse) must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. In addition, the “penny stock” regulations require the U.S. broker-dealer to deliver, prior to any transaction involving a “penny stock”, a disclosure schedule prepared in accordance with SEC standards relating to the “penny stock” market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. A U.S. broker-dealer is also required to disclose commissions payable to the U.S. broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, a U.S. broker-dealer is required to submit monthly statements disclosing recent price information with respect to the “penny stock” held in a customer’s account and information with respect to the limited market in “penny stocks”.

Stockholders should be aware that, according to SEC, the market for “penny stocks” has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (i) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (ii) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (iii) “boiler room” practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (iv) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differentials and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (v) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated to a desired level, resulting in investor losses. Our management is aware of the abuses that have occurred historically in the penny stock market. Although we do not expect to be in a position to dictate the behavior of the market or of broker-dealers who participate in the market, management will strive within the confines of practical limitations to prevent the described patterns from being established with respect to our securities.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Not applicable.

Item 2. Properties.
 
·
In 2017 the Company leased 6,968 square feet of office space in Livingston, NJ, at a monthly rent of $7,400.  This lease expired December 31, 2016 but was subsequently extended for two months ending February 28, 2017.  The Company has entered into a new operating lease agreement for its main office relocating to East Hanover, NJ on March 1, 2017. This office space consists of 5,120 square feet at a monthly rent starting at $8,762 and escalating to $10,044 per month by the end of the term on April 30, 2024.

·
On September 11, 2017, the Company entered into an operating lease agreement for an additional 1,870 square feet of office space at the same location in East Hanover, NJ commencing October 1, 2017 with a monthly rent of $3,506 for a period of one year.

·
The Company leases office space in North Syracuse, NY, at a monthly rent of $2,100, the lease has a three year term ending May 31, 2018. 

·
The Company currently leases 2,700 square feet of office space in Skokie, IL with a monthly rent of $3,000 with such lease set to expire on April 30, 2018.

·
The Company currently leases 702 square feet of office space in Minneapolis, MN with a monthly rent of $1,515 which expired March 31, 2017. The lease was renewed for one year at $1,560 per month.

·
The Company currently leases 2,105 square feet of office space in Phoenix, AZ starting at $1,271 and escalating to $2,894 per month by the end of the term September 30, 2019.

·
The Company currently leases 1,500 square feet of office space in Seattle, WA with a monthly rent of $3,000 per month escalating to $3,183 per month.  The lease expires September 30, 2018.

·
The Company leased 3,422 square feet of office space in Greensboro, NC with a monthly rent of $4,182 a month. The lease expired February 28, 2017 and was extended for 2,267 square feet with a monthly rent of $2,765 expiring February 28, 2020.

·
The Company currently leases 1,745 square feet of office space in Santa Ana, CA with a monthly rent of $3,225 per month escalating to $3,402 per month by the end of the lease term on April 30, 2018.

·
The Company has entered into operating lease agreement for its south New Jersey office commencing March 1, 2017. The company will lease 6,115 square feet of office space in Thorofare, NJ starting at $4,591 and escalating to $5,168 per month by the end of the term, February 28, 2022.
 
Our leased space is utilized for office purposes and it us our belief that the space is adequate for our immediate needs.  Additional space may be required as we expand our business activities.  We do not foresee any significant difficulties in obtaining additional facilities if deemed necessary.
 
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
 
We are not currently involved in any litigation that we believe could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. There is no action, suit, proceeding, inquiry or investigation before or by any court, public board, government agency, self-regulatory organization or body pending or, to the knowledge of the executive officers of our Company our subsidiary, threatened against or affecting our Company, our common stock, our subsidiary or of our Company’s or our Company’s subsidiary’ officers or directors in their capacities as such, in which an adverse decision could have a material adverse effect.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not applicable.
  

PART II
 
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
(a) Market Information

Our shares of Common Stock were quoted on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (“OTCQB”) under the symbol “SSNT” until April 18, 2017.  Since April 19, 2017, the Company has been listed and is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “SSNT”.
 
The following table sets forth the high and low bid price for our common stock for each quarter during the past two fiscal years. The prices reflect inter-dealer quotations, do not include retail mark-ups, markdowns or commissions and do not necessarily reflect actual transactions.

 
 
High
   
Low
 
Fiscal 2016:
           
First Quarter (January 1 – March 31)
 
$
2.75
   
$
1.30
 
Second Quarter (April 1 – June 30)
 
$
1.87
   
$
1.20
 
Third Quarter (July 1 – September 30)
 
$
2.40
   
$
1.42
 
Fourth Quarter (October 1 – December 31)
 
$
5.00
   
$
1.85
 
 
               
Fiscal 2017:
               
First Quarter (January 1 – March 31)
 
$
4.74
   
$
3.00
 
Second Quarter (April 1 – June 30)
 
$
4.39
   
$
3.24
 
Third Quarter (July 1 – September 30)
 
$
5.22
   
$
3.64
 
Fourth Quarter (October 1 – December 31)
 
$
4.84
   
$
4.06
 
  
(b) Holders of Common Equity

As of March 23, 2018, there were 867 stockholders of record. An additional number of stockholders are beneficial holders of our Common Stock in “street name” through banks, brokers and other financial institutions that are the record holders.
 
(c) Dividend Information

On January 11, 2016, the Company announced the payment of a $0.06 special cash dividend per share of Common Stock. The dividend payments announced in January were paid out on January 20, 2016 for an aggregate amount of approximately $265,000, which was applied against additional paid in capital.

On January 23, 2017, the Company announced the payment of a $0.02 special cash dividend per share of Common Stock. The dividend payments announced in January was paid out on January 31, 2017 for an aggregate amount of $89,566, which was applied against additional paid in capital.

On April 24, 2017, the Company announced the payment of a $0.02 special cash dividend per share of Common Stock. The dividend payments announced in April was paid out on May 10, 2017 for an aggregate amount of $89,816, which was applied against additional paid in capital.

On November 15, 2017, the Company announced the payment of a $0.04 special cash dividend per share of Common Stock. The dividend payments announced in November was paid out on December 4, 2017 for an aggregate amount of $179,632, which was applied against additional paid in capital.

The declaration of any future cash dividends is at the discretion of our board of directors and depends upon our earnings, if any, our capital requirements and financial position, our general economic conditions, and other pertinent conditions.


(d) Securities Authorized For Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans
 
There are 62,280 outstanding options to purchase our securities.

The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2017 with respect to compensation plans (including individual compensation arrangements) under which our common shares are authorized for issuance, aggregated as follows:
 
 
 
All compensation plans previously approved by security holders; and
All compensation plans not previously approved by security holders
 
Plan category
 
Number of securities to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options, warrants and rights
   
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
   
Number of securities remaining available for future issuance
 
 
 
(a)
   
(b)
   
(c)
 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
   
0
   
$
0.00
     
0
 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders.
   
62,280
   
$
3.78
     
19,393
 
Total
   
62,280
   
$
3.78
     
19,393
 
 
2004 Stock Incentive Plan
 
The Company adopted the 2004 Stock Incentive as the amended Plan (the “2004 Plan”) in order to attract and retain qualified employees, directors, independent contractors or agents of the Company.  The 2004 Plan terminated on September 29, 2014; options granted before that date were not affected by plan termination. At December 31, 2017 and 2016, 62,280 and 143,576 options remained outstanding under the 2004 Plan, respectively.
 
2004 Directors’ and Officers’ Stock Incentive Plan
 
The Company adopted the 2004 Directors’ and Officers’ Stock Incentive Plan (the “2004 D&O Plan”) in order to provide long-term incentive and rewards to officers and directors of the Company and subsidiary and to attract and retain qualified employees, directors, independent contractors or agents of the Company. The 2004 D&O Plan terminated on September 29, 2014 and as of March 26, 2018, no securities were issued.
 
2007 Consultant Stock Incentive Plan
 
The Company adopted the 2007 Consultant Stock Incentive Plan (the “2007 Plan”) to: (i) provide long-term incentives, payment in stock in lieu of cash and rewards to consultants, advisors, attorneys, independent contractors or agents (“Eligible Participants”) of the Company; (ii) assist the Company in attracting and retaining independent contractors or agents with experience and/or ability on a basis competitive with industry practices; and (iii) associate the interests of such independent contractors or agents with those of the Company’s stockholders.  The Company has reserved 19,393 shares for issuance under this plan. Awards under the 2007 Plan may include, but need not be limited to, stock options (including non-statutory stock options and incentive stock options qualifying under Section 422 of the Code), stock appreciation rights (including free-standing, tandem and limited stock appreciation rights), warrants, dividend equivalents, stock awards, restricted stock, phantom stock, performance shares or other securities or rights that the Board determines to be consistent with the objectives and limitations of the 2007 Plan. The price shall be equal to or greater than 50% of the fair market value of such shares on the date of grant of such award. The Board shall determine the extent to which awards shall be payable in cash, shares of the Company’s Common Stock or any combination thereof.  The 2007 Plan (but not the awards theretofore granted under the 2007 Plan) terminated on January 22, 2017 and no awards were granted thereafter. As of March 26, 2018, no securities were issued pursuant to the 2007 Plan.
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities
 
There were no unregistered sales of the Company’s equity securities during 2017 that were not previously disclosed in a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or in a Current Report on Form 8-K.
 
Transfer Agent

Our transfer agent is Pacific Stock Transfer Company at 6725 Via Austi Pkwy, Suite 300, Las Vegas, NV  89119.
 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
 
Not applicable.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This annual report on Form 10-K and other reports filed by SilverSun Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”) from time to time with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) contain or may contain forward-looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, the Company’s management as well as estimates and assumptions made by Company’s management.  Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are only predictions and speak only as of the date hereof.  When used in the filings, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to the Company or the Company’s management identify forward-looking statements.  Such statements reflect the current view of the Company with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors, including the risks contained in the “Risk Factors” section of the Annual Report on Form 10-K, relating to the Company’s industry, the Company’s operations and results of operations, and any businesses that the Company may acquire.  Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended, or planned.
 
Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, the Company cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements.  Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, the Company does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results.
 
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). These accounting principles require us to make certain estimates, judgments and assumptions. We believe that the estimates, judgments and assumptions upon which we rely are reasonable based upon information available to us at the time that these estimates, judgments and assumptions are made.  These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Our consolidated financial statements would be affected to the extent there are material differences between these estimates and actual results. In many cases, the accounting treatment of a particular transaction is specifically dictated by GAAP and does not require management’s judgment in its application. There are also areas in which management’s judgment in selecting any available alternative would not produce a materially different result.  The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report.

Overview

SilverSun Technologies, Inc. is involved in the acquisition and build-out of technology and software companies engaged in providing transformational business management applications and professional consulting services to small and medium size companies, primarily in the manufacturing, distribution and service industries.  We are executing a business strategy centered on the design and development of our own proprietary business management solutions, which now includes our MAPADOC® Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) solution and other proprietary solutions and enhancements; as well as on the acquisition of application resellers and software publishers of unique and proprietary solutions in the extensive and expanding, but highly fragmented, business solutions marketplace.

Our core strength is rooted in our ability to discover and identify the driving forces of change that are affecting – or will affect – businesses in a wide range of industries.  We invest valuable time and resources to fully understand how technology is transforming the business management landscape and what current or emerging innovations are deserving of a clients’ attention.  By leveraging this knowledge and foresight, our growing list of clients are empowered with the means to more effectively manage their businesses; to capitalize on real-time insight drawn from their data resources; and to materially profit from enhanced operational functionality, process flexibility and expedited process execution.
 
A key tactical strategy for our Company is developing smart, proprietary business management applications that effectively and efficiently integrate with existing business management systems; and in publishing proprietary solutions for niche markets that address unique manufacturing and distribution challenges and needs.  In this regard, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, SWK Technologies, Inc. (“SWK”), we publish proprietary EDI software, branded as MAPADOC.  MAPADOC is a fully integrated, easy-to use, feature-rich EDI solution for users of Sage Software, Inc.’s (“Sage”) market leading Sage 100 ERP, Sage 500 ERP and Sage ERP X3 software products and for users of the cloud ERP solution published by Acumatica, Inc. Providing seamless integration and dramatically decreasing data-entry time and associated costs, it is marketed and distributed worldwide by the Company’s direct sales force, as well as through its platform partner, SPS Commerce, Inc. and a growing national network of independent software partners and resellers, to customers largely supplying big-box retailers, including Walmart, CVS, Target and Costco.
 

We also provide managed IT services to our customers.  As Microsoft Certified Systems Engineers and Microsoft Certified Professionals, our staff offers a host of mission critical services, including remote network monitoring, server implementation, support and assistance, operation and maintenance of large central systems, technical design of network infrastructure, technical troubleshooting for large scale problems, network and server security, and back-up, archiving and storage of data from servers.  We compete with numerous large and small companies in this market sector, both nationally and locally.
 
Distinguished as one of the largest Sage ERP X3 practices in North America, we resell enterprise resource planning software published by Sage, which addresses the financial accounting requirements of small- and medium-size businesses focused on manufacturing and distribution.  We also offer services related to these sales, including installation, support and training.  These product sales are primarily packaged software programs installed on a user workstation, on a local area network server, or in a hosted environment.  The programs perform and support a wide variety of functions related to accounting, including financial reporting, accounts payable, accounts receivable and inventory management.
 
We employ class instructors and host formal, topic-specific, training classes, typically on-site at our clients’ facilities. Our instructors must pass annual subject matter examinations required by Sage to retain their product-based teaching certifications.   We also provide end-user technical support services through our support/help desk, which is available during normal business hours, Monday through Friday.  Our team of qualified product and technology consultants assist customers that contact us with questions about product features, functions, usability issues and configurations.  The support/help desk offers services in a variety of ways, including prepaid services, time and materials billed as utilized and annual support contracts.  Our customers can communicate with our support/help desk through email, telephone and fax channels.
 
Led by specialized project managers, we provide professional services ranging from software customization to data migration to small- and medium-size business consulting.
 
We also are resellers of the Warehouse Management System (“WMS”) software published by High Jump, Inc. (“High Jump”), which develops warehouse management software for middle market distributors.   The primary purpose of a WMS is to control the movement and storage of materials within an operation and process the associated transactions. Directed picking, directed replenishment, and directed put-away are the key to WMS. The detailed setup and processing within a WMS can vary significantly from one software vendor to another. However, the basic WMS will use a combination of item, location, quantity, unit of measure and order information to determine where to stock, where to pick, and in what sequence to perform these operations. The Accellos WMS software improves accuracy and efficiency, streamlines materials handling, meets retail compliance requirements, and refines inventory control. Accellos also works as part of a complete operational solution by integrating seamlessly with RF hardware, accounting software, shipping systems and warehouse automation equipment.  We market the Accellos solution to our existing and new medium-sized business clients.
 
Investing in the acquisition of other companies and proprietary business management solutions has been an important growth strategy for our Company, allowing us to rapidly offer new products and services, expand into new geographic markets and create new and exciting profit centers.  To date, we have completed a series of strategic ventures that have served to fundamentally strengthen our Company’s operating platform and materially expand our footprint to nearly every U.S. state.  More specifically, over the past ten years, we have outright acquired, acquired select assets of or entered into revenue sharing agreements with Business Tech Solutions Group, Inc.; Wolen Katz Associates; AMP-BEST Consulting, Inc.; IncorTech; Micro-Point, Inc.; HighTower, Inc.; Point Solutions, LLC; SGEN, LLC., ESC, Inc., 2000 SOFT, Inc., Productive Tech Inc., The Macabe Associates, Oates & Co and Pinsight Technology, Inc.

Additionally, it is our intention to continue to increase our business by seeking additional opportunities through potential acquisitions, revenue sharing arrangements, partnerships or investments. Such acquisitions, revenue sharing arrangements, partnerships or investments may consume cash reserves or require additional cash or equity. Our working capital and additional funding requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including: (i) strategic acquisitions or investments; (ii) an increase to current company personnel; (iii) the level of resources that we devote to sales and marketing capabilities; (iv) technological advances; and (v) the activities of competitors.
 

During 2017 the Company continued to expand its customer base and growth trend which we believe will provide a basis for future growth. Some of the key highlights for 2017 are as follows:
 
  
1) Revenues increased 2.14% from the prior year.
  
2) Income from operations was $939,258 as compared to $1,267,3473 in the prior year.
 
3) Sales of the Company’s proprietary and cloud-based business management solutions increased.
  
4) Recurring revenue from all sources represents approximately 40.7% of total revenue.

Revenues 
 
Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2017 increased $730,058 (2.14%) to $34,852,028 as compared to $34,121,970 for the year ended December 31, 2016.   

Software sales increased by $567,720 to $5,275,266 in 2017 from $4,707,546 in 2016 for an overall increase of 12.1%.  This increase was primarily due to an increase in sales of our accounting software products, such as Sage ERP X3, cloud solutions Netsuite and Acumatica, and Accellos Warehouse Management.  

Service revenue increased by $162,338 to $29,576,762 in 2017 from $29,414,424 in 2016 for an overall increase of 0.6%. The overall increases are primarily due to the continued marketing efforts and aggressive competitive pricing, and the Company’s strategy to increase its business by seeking additional opportunities through potential acquisitions, partnerships or investments. 
 
Gross Profit 
 
Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2017 increased $1,138,198 (8.9%) to $13,865,440 as compared to $12,727,242 for the year ended December 31, 2016. The increase in overall gross profit for this period is attributed to the increase in revenues from existing business. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the overall gross profit percentage was 39.8% as compared to 37.3 % for the year ended December 31, 2016.

The gross profit attributed to software sales increased $452,985 to $2,675,390 for 2017 from $2,222,405 in 2016 which resulted in an increase in the gross profit percentage from 47.2% in 2016 to 50.7% for 2017. The mix of products being sold by the Company changes from time to time and sometimes causes the overall gross margin percentage to vary.

The gross profit attributed to services increased $685,213 to $11,190,050 for 2017 from $10,504,837 is 2016 primarily due to the implementations of larger scale accounting systems. The gross profit percentage attributed to services increased to 37.8% in 2017 from 35.7% in 2016.
 
Operating Expenses

Selling and marketing expenses increased $491,762 (11.3%) to $4,849,996 for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $4,358,234 for the year ended December 31, 2016 due to additional sales personnel and related expenses in anticipation of accelerated growth in 2018.

General and administrative expenses increased $979,991 (15.4%) to $7,354,201 for the year ended December 31, 2017 as compared to $6,374,210 for the year ended December 31, 2016 primarily as a result of increases in payroll and related expenses associated with the  addition of management personnel and relocation of two of the Company’s offices.
 
Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $620,297 as compared to $684,660 for the year ended December 31, 2016.
 
Income Taxes 
 
For the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company’s Federal and State provision requirements were calculated based on the estimated tax rate. The Federal effective rate is higher than the statutory rate primarily due to change in federal statutory rate from 34% to 21% and Incentive Stock Options (ISO) and 50% of general meal and entertainment expense which are not tax deductible. The total provision for the year ended December 31, 2017 was $1,394,031.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We are currently seeking additional operating income opportunities through potential acquisitions or investments. Such acquisitions or investments may consume cash reserves or require additional cash or equity.  Our working capital and additional funding requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including: (i) strategic acquisitions or investments; (ii) an increase to current company personnel; (iii) the level of resources that we devote to sales and marketing capabilities; (iv) technological advances; and (v) the activities of competitors.

In addition to developing new products, obtaining new customers and increasing sales to existing customers, management plans to increase its business and profitability by entering into collaboration agreements, buying assets, and acquiring companies in the business software and information technology consulting market with solid revenue streams and established customer bases that generate positive cash flow.

On May 6, 2014, SWK acquired certain assets of ESC, Inc. pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement for a promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $350,000 (the “ESC Note”). The ESC Note matures on April 1, 2019. Monthly payments are $6,135 including interest at 2% per year. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $102,742 and $173,535 respectively. 
 
On March 11, 2015 SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with 2000 SOFT, Inc. d/b/a ATR, a California corporation, and Karen Espinoza McGarrigle in her individual capacity as Shareholder. SWK acquired certain assets of ATR (as defined in the Purchase Agreement). In consideration for the acquired assets, the Company issued a promissory note in the aggregate principal amount of $175,000 and paid cash of $80,000. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $14,987 and $74,194 respectively.

On July 6, 2015, SWK acquired certain assets of ProductiveTech Inc. (PTI) pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement cash of $500,000 and a promissory note for $600,000 (the “PTI Note”).  The PTI Note is due in 60 months from the closing date and bears interest at a rate of two and one half (2.5%) percent.  The monthly payments including interest are $10,645. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $319,249 and $437,403 respectively. 

On October 1, 2015 SWK entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Macabe Purchase Agreement”) with The Macabe Associates, Inc., (“Macabe”), a Washington corporation and Mary Abdian and John Nicholson in their individual capacity as shareholders. SWK acquired certain assets and liabilities of Macabe (as defined in the Macabe Purchase Agreement). In consideration for the acquired assets, the Company paid $21,423 in cash. As additional consideration, the Company paid $5,500 cash after twelve months from closing and paid $5,500 cash twenty-four months from closing on the net-to-SWK revenues for Software and Maintenance sales if certain estimates are met for a total of $11,000 and was recorded as part of the contingent consideration included in the purchase price. Additionally, the Company will pay 35% of the net margin on software maintenance renewals for former Macabe customers for the first twelve months, and then 30%, 25% and 20% of the net margin on software maintenance renewals for the following three years. The Company will also pay 50% the first year, and 40%, 30% and 20% the three years after on the net margin on EASY Solution Maintenance, new software & license to existing Macabe customers and EASY Solutions software and maintenance sales to new customers. On any former Macabe customers migrating to Netsuite, X3 or Acumatica, the Company will pay 50% of the net margin of the sale after applicable costs and commissions for the three years period after the acquisition. The Company estimated this contingent consideration to be approximately $417,971 at acquisition and which is included in the purchase price. Certain payments were made in each of these contingent consideration components, resulting in a remaining balance of $105,635 as of December 31, 2017.

On October 19, 2015, SWK acquired certain assets of Oates & Company, LLC (Oates) pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement ( the “Oates Purchase Agreement”) cash of $125,000 and a promissory note for $175,000 (the “Oates Note”).  The Oates Note is due in three years from the closing date and bears interest at a rate of two (2%) percent.  The monthly payments including interest are $5,012. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $49,494 and $108,018 respectively. 

On July 21, 2016, SWK entered into a Revolving Demand Note (the “Revolving Demand Note”) by and between SWK (the “Borrower”) and M&T Bank (“Lender”), a commercial lender. The Lender has agreed to loan SWK up to a principal amount of one million dollars. The interest rate on the Revolving Demand Note shall be a variable rate, equal to the “Prime Rate”, plus ninety-five one-hundredths percent (0.95%) per annum.  There is a minimum interest rate floor of four percent (4%). The Revolving Demand Note is secured by all of the Borrower’s assets pursuant to a Security Agreement.  Furthermore, on July 21, 2016, the Company and Mr. Mark Meller, individually, entered into Unlimited Guaranty agreements (the “Guaranty Agreements”) with the Lender.  Under the Guaranty Agreements, the Company and Mr. Meller personally, jointly and severally guaranteed the liabilities of the Borrower due and owing under the terms of the Revolving Demand Note. At December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the outstanding balance was $0.

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company had a net increase in cash of $614,298. The Company’s principal sources and uses of funds were as follows:
 
Cash provided by operating activities
 
The Company generated $2,308,825 in cash from operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 as compared to generating $1,794,160 of cash for operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase in cash provided by operating activities is primarily attributed to a decrease in accounts receivable and an increase in deferred revenue.

Cash used in investing activities

Investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 used cash of $815,510 as compared to using $496,719 of cash for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase is a result of increased purchases of property and equipment and investment in software development costs.
 
Cash used in financing activities
 
Financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2017 used cash of $879,017 as compared to using cash of $869,705 for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase in cash used in financing activities is mostly attributed to the payment of a cash dividend, contingent consideration, and repayment of the long term debt and capital lease payments.
 
The Company believes that as a result of the growth in business, and the availability of its credit line, it has adequate liquidity to fund its operating plans for at least the next twelve months.

There was no significant impact on the Company’s operations because of inflation for the year ended December 31, 2017.  
 
Critical Accounting Policies

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate these estimates, including those related to bad debts, intangible assets, and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of certain assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We have identified below the accounting policies, related to what we believe are most critical to our business operations and are discussed throughout Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition or Plan of Operation where such policies affect our reported and expected financial results.
 
Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when products are shipped, or services are rendered, evidence of a contract exists, the price is fixed or reasonably determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.


Product Revenue

Software product revenue is recognized when the product is shipped to the customer. The Company treats the software component and the professional services consulting component as two separate arrangements that represent separate units of accounting. The arrangement consideration is allocated to each unit of accounting based upon that unit’s proportion of the fair value.  In a situation where both components are present, software sales revenue is recognized when collectability is reasonably assured and the product is delivered and has stand-alone value based upon vendor specific objective evidence.

Service Revenue

Service revenue is comprised of primarily professional service consulting revenue, maintenance revenue and other ancillary services provided as described below. Professional service revenue is recognized as service is incurred.
 
With respect to maintenance services, upon the completion of one year from the date of sale, the Company offers customers an optional annual software maintenance and support agreement for subsequent one-year periods. Maintenance and support agreements are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized over the respective terms of the agreements, which typically range from three months to one year and are included in service revenue in the Consolidated Statement of Income.
 
Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are classified as revenue, and the shipping and handling costs incurred are included in cost of sales.
 
Accounts Receivable
 
The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers and adjusts credit limits based on customer payment and current credit worthiness, as determined by review of their current credit information.  The Company continuously monitors credits and payments from its customers and maintains provision for estimated credit losses based on its historical experience and any specific customer issues that have been identified.  While such credit losses have historically been within our expectation and the provision established, the Company cannot guarantee that it will continue to receive positive results.
 
Unbilled Services
 
The Company recognizes revenue on its professional services as those services are performed or certain obligations are met.
 
Goodwill
 
Goodwill is the excess of acquisition cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired.  Goodwill is not amortized, but tested for impairment annually or whenever indicators of impairment exist. These indicators may include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business or other factors.
 
Intangible Assets

The values assigned to intangible assets were based on an independent valuation. Purchased intangible assets are amortized over the useful lives based on the estimate of the use of economic benefit of the asset using the straight-line amortization method. 

The Company assesses potential impairment of its intangible assets when there is evidence that recent events or changes in circumstances have made recovery of an asset’s carrying value unlikely. Factors the Company considers important, which may cause impairment include, among others, significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired asset, negative industry or economic trends, and significant underperformance relative to historical or projected operating results. 
 
Income taxes
 
Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes, as well as net operating loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current based on the classification of the related assets or liabilities for financial reporting, or according to the expected reversal dates of the specific temporary differences, if not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting. Valuation allowances are established against deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates or laws is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
 
 
The Company has federal net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards which are subject to limitations under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.
 
The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”) was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Tax Reform includes a number of changes in existing tax law impacting businesses including a permanent reduction in the U.S. federal statutory rate from 34% to 21%, effective on January 1, 2018. Under U.S. GAAP, changes in tax rates and tax law are accounted for in the period of enactment and deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the enacted tax rate. The rate reconciliation includes the Company’s assessment of the accounting under the Tax Reform which is preliminary and is based on information that was available to management at the time the consolidated financial statements were prepared.

The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal and state jurisdictions. Tax years 2014 to 2017 remain open to examination for both the U.S. federal and state jurisdictions.
 
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
During fiscal 2017, we did not engage in any material off-balance sheet activities or have any relationships or arrangements with unconsolidated entities established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. Further, we have not guaranteed any obligations of unconsolidated entities nor do we have any commitment or intent to provide additional funding to any such entities.
 
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
 
We do not hold any derivative instruments and do not engage in any hedging activities.
 
Item 8. Financial Statements.
 
Our consolidated financial statements are contained in pages F-1 through F-21 which appear at the end of this Annual Report on Form 10-K
 
 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
 
There are no reportable events under this item for the year ended December 31, 2017.
 
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
 
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure and Control Procedures
 
The management of SilverSun Technologies, Inc. (“SilverSun” or the “Company”) is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a- 15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).The Company is considered a smaller reporting company under the appropriate SEC guidance and is currently exempt, based on Section 404(b), from attestation requirements on their internal control over financial reporting.

In order to facilitate Management’s assessment of the effectiveness of ICOFR, the Company engaged an independent consultant, Centri Business Consulting LLC, (“Centri”) to assist with the documentation and testing of internal controls. Centri commenced planning and scoping activities in June 2017 and testing of the effectiveness of ICOFR for the 2017 year continued through to March 2018.

(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Management has assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017. In making this assessment, Management used the criteria set forth in the framework established by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission 2013 Internal Control - Integrated Framework (“COSO”). Based on this assessment, Management has not identified any material weaknesses or significant deficiencies. A material weakness is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, that results in more than a remote likelihood that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. A significant deficiency is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those responsible for oversight of the company’s financial reporting.

Noting no material weaknesses, Management has concluded that the five components of internal control, including the 17 principles and related points of focus noted within the 2013 Internal Control-Integrated Framework are in place and operating effectively as of December 31, 2017.
Management has concluded that the Company did maintain effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on the criteria set forth in 2013 Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the COSO.
(c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
Under applicable SEC rules (Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(c) and 15d-15(c)) management is required to evaluate any changes in internal control over financial reporting that occurred during each fiscal quarter that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. As a result of the previously identified material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting, due to the ineffective controls review of complex transactions as described in Item 9A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, we have undertaken a number of remedial actions in 2017 to address the previously identified material weakness by enhancing the design of our controls. Based on the enhanced design of these controls as well as the as the testing of the operating effectiveness of these controls completed to date, we believe that, as of December 31, 2017, the previously identified material weakness has been remediated
 
Item 9B. Other Information.
 
None.


PART III
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
 
Directors and Executive Officers
 
The following table and biographical summaries set forth information, including principal occupation and business experience, about our directors and executive officers at March 26, 2018:
 
Name
 
Age
 
Position
 
Officer and/or Director Since
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mark Meller
 
58
 
Chairman, President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
2003
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crandall Melvin III
 
61
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stanley Wunderlich
 
66
 
Director
 
2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joseph Macaluso
 
66
 
Director
 
2015
 
               
John Schachtel
 
56
 
Director
 
2017
 
 
Mark Meller, Chief Executive Officer, President, Director
 
Mr. Mark Meller has been the President and Director of the Company since September 15, 2003, and was further appointed Chief Executive Officer on September 1, 2004. He became Chairman of the Board on May 10, 2009. Mr. Meller is currently the President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors. From September 2003 through January 2015, he was Chief Financial Officer of the Company. From October 2004 until February 2007, Mr. Meller was the President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Director of Deep Field Technologies, Inc. From December 15, 2004 until September 2009, Mr. Meller was the President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Director of MM2 Group, Inc. From August 29, 2005 until August 2006, Mr. Meller was the President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of iVoice Technology, Inc. From 1988 until 2003, Mr. Meller was Chief Executive Officer of Bristol Townsend and Co., Inc., a New Jersey based consulting firm providing merger and acquisition advisory services to middle market companies. From 1986 to 1988, Mr. Meller was Vice President of Corporate Finance and General Counsel of Crown Capital Group, Inc, a New Jersey based consulting firm providing advisory services for middle market leveraged buy-outs (LBO’s). Prior to 1986, Mr. Meller was a financial consultant and practiced law in New York City. He is a member of the New York State Bar.
 
Mr. Meller has a B.A. from the State University of New York at Binghamton and a J.D. from the Boston University School of Law.
 
In evaluating Mr. Meller’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with his appointment to our board, we took into account his experience in the industry and his knowledge of running and managing the Company.
 
Crandall Melvin III, Chief Financial Officer
 
Crandall Melvin III combines over 30 years of experience in public accounting and industry, holding a number of senior management positions following a 5-year career in retail and commercial banking and equipment leasing. Mr. Melvin is also currently the CFO of SWK, the Company’s operating subsidiary, and has been so since 2007. 
 
From 2002 to 2006, he was Co-Founder and Chief Operating Officer of AMP-Best Consulting, Inc. (“AMP-Best”) a company involved in software sales and implementation.  AMP-Best was acquired by SWK Technologies in 2006.  From 1993 to 2002, he worked in public accounting in Alaska and New York, and is currently a Certified Public Accountant licensed in the State of New York and holds the designation of Certified Global Management Accountant. Mr. Melvin has also served on boards of directors of various not-for-profit organizations located in the Syracuse Area.  
 
Mr. Melvin has a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Southern California and an MBA from Syracuse University with additional graduate studies from the University of Alaska at Anchorage.
 

Stanley Wunderlich, Director
 
Mr. Stanley Wunderlich has over 40 years of experience on Wall Street as a business owner and consultant. Mr. Wunderlich is a founding partner and has been Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Consulting for Strategic Growth 1, specializing in investor and media relations and the formation of capital for early-growth stage companies both domestic and international, from 2000 through the present. Since 1987, he has been the Chief Executive Officer of Consulting for Strategic Growth 1, Ltd.
 
Mr. Wunderlich has a Bachelor’s degree from Brooklyn College. 
 
In evaluating Mr. Wunderlich’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with his appointment to our Board, we took into account his experience in finance and investor relations.
 
Joseph Macaluso, Director
 
Joseph Macaluso has over 30 years of experience in financial management. Mr. Macaluso has been the Principal Accounting Officer of Tel-Instrument Electronics Corp., a developer and manufacturer of avionics test equipment for both the commercial and military markets since 2002. Previously, he had been involved in companies in the medical device and technology industries holding positions including Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Controller.

Mr. Macaluso has a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from Fairfield University.
 
In evaluating Mr. Macaluso’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with his appointment to Board, we took into account his expertise in general management, finance, corporate governance and strategic planning, as well as his experience in operations and mergers and acquisitions.

John Schachtel, Director

On March 27, 2017, Mr. Schachtel was appointed to the Board. Before joining the Board, Mr. Schachtel was the Chief Operating Officer of OneMain Financial Holdings, Inc. As Chief Operating Officer of OneMain Financial Holdings, Inc., Mr. Schachtel’s responsibilities included oversight of sales and field operations, marketing, and centralized collections. Prior to assuming the Chief Operating Officer role, Mr. Schachtel served 11 years as the Executive Vice President, Northeast & Midwest Division for OneMain Financial Holdings, Inc.

Mr. Schachtel has a Bachelor of Science degree from Northwestern University and an MBA in Finance from New York University.

In evaluating Mr. Schachtel’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills in connection with his appointment to Board, we took into account his expertise in general management, finance, corporate governance and strategic planning, as well as his experience in operations and mergers and acquisitions.

Family Relationships

There are no family relationships among any of our directors or executive officers.
 
Board Composition and Director Independence
 
Our board of directors consists of four members: Mr. Mark Meller, Mr. Stanley Wunderlich, Mr. Joseph Macaluso, and Mr. John Schachtel.  The directors will serve until our next annual meeting and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. The Company defines “independent” as that term is defined in Rule 5605(a)(2) of the NASDAQ listing standards.
 
In making the determination of whether a member of the board is independent, our board considers, among other things, transactions and relationships between each director and his immediate family and the Company, including those reported under the caption “Certain Relationships and Related-Party Transactions”. The purpose of this review is to determine whether any such relationships or transactions are material and, therefore, inconsistent with a determination that the directors are independent. On the basis of such review and its understanding of such relationships and transactions, our board affirmatively determined that Mr. Wunderlich, Mr. Macaluso, and Mr. Schachtel have qualified as independent and that they have no material relationship with us that might interfere with his or her exercise of independent judgment.
 

Board Committees
 
Currently, the Audit Committee consists of Mr. Joseph Macaluso, Mr. Stanley Wunderlich and Mr. John Schachtel. Mr. Macaluso, Chairman of the Audit Committee, may be deemed a financial expert as defined in §228.401(e) of the regulations promulgated by the SEC pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. 

Currently, the Compensation Committee consists of Mr. Joseph Macaluso, Mr. Stanley Wunderlich and Mr. John Schachtel. Mr. Schachtel serves as Chairman.

Currently, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee consists of Mr. Joseph Macaluso, Mr. Stanley Wunderlich and Mr. John Schachtel. Mr. Wunderlich serves as Chairman.

Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act
 
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires the Company’s directors, executive officers and persons who beneficially own 10% or more of a class of securities registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act to file reports of beneficial ownership and changes in beneficial ownership with the SEC. Directors, executive officers and greater than 10% stockholders are required by the rules and regulations of the SEC to furnish the Company with copies of all reports filed by them in compliance with Section 16(a).
 
Based solely upon a review of Forms 3 and 4 and amendments thereto furnished to the Company during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, including those reports that we have filed on behalf of our directors and Section 16 officers, no director, Section 16 officer, beneficial owner of more than 10% of the outstanding common stock of the company, or any other person subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act, failed to file with the SEC on a timely basis during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, except that, Joseph P. Macaluso, and Stanley Wunderlich, did not file on a timely basis. Mr. Wunderlich did not timely file his Form 3 on time in 2011. Mr. Macaluso did not timely file his Form 4 one time, but has made all required filings as of November 22, 2017. Additionally, John Schachtel became a member of the Company’s board on March 27, 2017 and was not required to make any filings in 2016.  Upon being appointed a director, Mr. Schachtel did not file timely in 2017 but has made all the required filings as of November 21, 2017.
  
Code of Ethics
 
The Company has adopted a Code of Ethics for adherence by its Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer and Controller to ensure honest and ethical conduct; full, fair and proper disclosure of financial information in the Company’s periodic reports filed pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and compliance with applicable laws, rules, and regulations. Any person may obtain a copy of our Code of Ethics by mailing a request to the Company at the address appearing on the front page of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Legal Proceedings
 
There are no material proceedings to which any director or officer, or any associate of any such director or officer, is a party that is adverse to our Company our subsidiary or has a material interest adverse to our Company or our subsidiary. No director or executive officer has been a director or executive officer of any business which has filed a bankruptcy petition or had a bankruptcy petition filed against it during the past ten years. No director or executive officer has been convicted of a criminal offense or is the subject of a pending criminal proceeding during the past ten years. No director or executive officer has been the subject of any order, judgment or decree of any court permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities during the past ten years. No director or officer has been found by a court to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law during the past ten years.
 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.
 
The following summary compensation table sets forth all compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to the named executive officers paid by us during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
Name and Position(s)
 
Year
 
Salary($)
   
Bonus($)
   
Stock Awards($)
   
Option Awards($)
   
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation($)
   
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings($)
   
All Other Compensation($)
   
Total Compensation($)
 
Mark Meller
 
2017
 
$
640,862
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
640,862
 
President, Chief Executive Officer,
and Director
 
2016
 
$
591,476
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
591,476
 
 
 
 
                                                               
Crandall Melvin III
 
2017
 
$
199,423
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
199,423
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
2016
 
$
181,365
   
$
5,773
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
0
   
$
187,138
 
 
Mark Meller, Chief Executive Officer
 
The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and President has had an Employment Agreement with the Company since September 15, 2003. On February 4, 2016 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into an amended and restated employment agreement (the “Meller Employment Agreement”) with Mark Meller, pursuant to which Mr. Meller will continue to serve as the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer.
 
The Meller Employment Agreement was entered into by the Company and Mr. Meller primarily to extend the term of Mr. Meller’s employment.  The term of the Meller Employment Agreement runs through September of 2023 (the “Term”) and shall automatically renew for additional periods of one year unless otherwise terminated in accordance with the employment agreement.  The Company will pay Mr. Meller an annual salary of $565,000 per annum, with a ten percent (10%) increase on September 1 and every anniversary of such date for the duration of the Term.
 
Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control
 
The Meller Employment Agreement provides for a severance payment to Mr. Meller of three hundred percent (300%), less $100,000 of his gross income for services rendered to the Company in each of the five prior calendar years should his employment be terminated following a change in control (as defined in the Meller Employment Agreement). 
   
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End 2017
 
The Company had no outstanding equity awards to the executives named above at the end of the most recent completed fiscal year.
 
Director Compensation
 
We pay only our independent directors for their service on our board of directors. Mr. Wunderlich will be paid $1,000 per month, payable quarterly for his service as a member of the board and as Chairman of the Nominating and Governance Committee. Mr. Macaluso will be paid $1,500 per month, payable quarterly for his service as a member of the board and as Chairman of the Audit Committee. Mr. Schachtel will be paid $1,500 per month, payable quarterly for his service as a member of the board and as Chairman of the Compensation Committee.
 
The following Director Compensation Table sets forth the compensation of our directors for the fiscal year ending on December 31, 2017.
 

Director Compensation for Fiscal 2017
 
Name
 
Fees Earned
or Paid in Cash
($)
 
 
Stock
Awards
($)
 
 
Option
Awards
($)
 
 
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
($)
 
 
Non-Qualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
 
 
All Other
Compensation
($)
 
 
Total
($)
 
Stanley Wunderlich
 
 
12,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
12,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joseph Macaluso
 
 
18,000
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
18,000
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Schachtel (1)
 
 
13,500
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
19,923
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
33,423
 
 
 
 (1)    John Schachtel was appointed as a director on March 27, 2017.
 
Director Agreements
 
On July 26, 2011, we entered into a director agreement with Stanley Wunderlich, pursuant to which Mr. Wunderlich was appointed to the Board effective July 26, 2011.   On August 3, 2011 the Company entered into an amended and restated director agreement (the “Amended Agreement”). The term of the Amended Agreement is one year from August 3, 2011. The Amended Agreement may, at the option of the Board, be automatically renewed on such date that Mr. Wunderlich is re-elected to the Board. In connection with a recapitalization of the Company in 2012, Mr. Wunderlich and the Company agreed to amend the Amended Director Agreement to (i) change the Stipend to $1,000 per month, payable quarterly; (ii) to forego the issuance of any warrants due to Wunderlich under the Amended Agreement; and (iii) to cancel the future issuance of any warrants due to Mr. Wunderlich under the Amended Agreement. To date no warrants have been issued pursuant to this agreement.

On January 29, 2015, we entered into a director agreement (“Macaluso Director Agreement”) with Joseph Macaluso, pursuant to which Mr. Macaluso was appointed to the Board effective January 29, 2015 (the “Effective Date”). The Macaluso Director Agreement may, at the option of the Board, be automatically renewed on such date that Mr. Macaluso is re-elected to the Board. Under the Macaluso Director Agreement, Mr. Macaluso is to be paid a stipend of one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) (the “Stipend”) per month, payable quarterly. Additionally, Mr. Macaluso shall receive warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase such number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock, as shall equal (the “Formula”) (A) $20,000 divided by (B) the closing price of the Common Stock on the OTC Markets on the date of grant of the Warrant.  The exercise price of the Warrant shall be the closing price on the date of the grant of such Warrant (the “Grant Date”) plus $0.01. The Warrant shall be fully vested upon receipt thereof (the “Vesting Date”).

On March 27, 2017, we entered into a director agreement (“Schachtel Director Agreement”) with John Schachtel, pursuant to which Mr. Schachtel was appointed to the Board effective March 27, 2017 (the “Effective Date”). The Schachtel Director Agreement may, at the option of the Board, be automatically renewed on such date that Mr. Schachtel is re-elected to the Board. Under the Schachtel Director Agreement, Mr. Schachtel is to be paid a stipend of one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) (the “Stipend”) per month, payable quarterly. Additionally, Mr. Schachtel shall receive warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase such number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock, as shall equal (the “Formula”) (A) $20,000 divided by (B) the closing price of the Common Stock on the OTC Markets on the date of grant of the Warrant.  The exercise price of the Warrant shall be the closing price on the date of the grant of such Warrant (the “Grant Date”) plus $0.01. The Warrant shall be fully vested upon receipt thereof (the “Vesting Date”).
 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The following table sets forth certain information regarding the beneficial ownership of our Common Stock as of March 23, 2018 by (a) each stockholder who is known to us to own beneficially 5% or more of our outstanding Common Stock; (b) all directors; (c) our executive officers, and (d) all executive officers and directors as a group. Except as otherwise indicated, all persons listed below have (i) sole voting power and investment power with respect to their shares of Common Stock, except to the extent that authority is shared by spouses under applicable law, and (ii) record and beneficial ownership with respect to their shares of Common Stock.
 
For purposes of this table, a person or group of persons is deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of any shares of Common Stock that such person has the right to acquire within 60 days of March 23, 2018. For purposes of computing the percentage of outstanding shares of our Common Stock held by each person or group of persons named above, any shares that such person or persons has the right to acquire within 60 days of March 23, 2018 is deemed to be outstanding, but is not deemed to be outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. The inclusion herein of any shares listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership. Unless otherwise identified, the address of our directors and officers is c/o SilverSun Technologies, Inc. at 120 Eagle Rock Ave, Suite 330, East Hanover, NJ 07936.
 
 
 
Number of Shares of
Common Stock
Beneficially Owned
 
 
Percentage of Ownership
of Common Stock (1)
 
 
Outstanding
Preferred Stock
 
 
Percentage Ownership
of Preferred Stock (3)
 
5% Beneficial Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jeffrey Roth (2)
 
 
671,384
 
 
 
14.93
%
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Officers and Directors
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mark Meller
Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman
 
 
2,006,534
 
 
 
44.63
%
 
 
1
 
 
 
100
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crandall Melvin III
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
74,589
 
 
 
1.66
%
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Joseph Macaluso
Director
 
 
3,333
 
 
 
*
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stanley Wunderlich
Director
 
 
23,334
 
 
 
*
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
John Schachtel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Director
 
 
10,988
 
 
 
*
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
-
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Officers and Directors as a Group (4 persons)
 
 
2,118,778
 
 
 
47.13
%
 
 
1
 
 
 
100
%
 
 
*         denotes less than 1%
 
(1)
Based on 4,495,728 shares of Common Stock outstanding as of March 23, 2018. Shares of Common Stock subject to options or warrants currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days, are deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of the person holding such options or warrants, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage of any other person.
(2)
Mr. Roth is a former employee of SWK Technologies, Inc, a wholly-owned subsidiary of SilverSun Technologies, Inc.
(3)
On July 28, 2016 the Company entered into a Series B Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement with the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Mark Meller, pursuant to which Mr. Meller was issued the only share of the Company’s authorized but unissued Series B Preferred Stock. Mr. Meller was issued one (1) share of Series B Preferred Stock for (i) $100 in cash and (ii) as partial consideration for Mr. Meller’s personal guarantee of the Revolving Demand Note. One (1) share of the Series B Preferred Stock has voting rights equal to (x) the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote divided by (y) forty-nine one-hundredths (0.49) minus (z) the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote.  For the avoidance of doubt, if the total issued and outstanding Common Stock eligible to vote at the time of the respective vote is 5,000,000, the voting rights of the Series B Preferred Stock shall be equal to 5,204,082 (e.g. (5,000,000 / 0.49) – 5,000,000 = 5,204,082). The Series B Preferred Stock has the rights, privileges, preferences and restrictions set for in the Certificate of Designation filed by the Corporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on September 23, 2011.
 
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.
 
The Company leases its North Syracuse office space from its current CFO, Crandall Melvin III. The monthly rent for this office space is $2,100.

The Company leases its Seattle office space from a current employee, Mary Abdian. The monthly rent for this office space is $3,090 and increases 3% each year.
 
Director Independence
 
On an annual basis, each director and executive officer will be obligated to disclose any transactions with the Company in which a director or executive officer, or any member of his or her immediate family, have a direct or indirect material interest in accordance with Item 407(a) of Regulation S-K. Following completion of these disclosures, the Board will make an annual determination as to the independence of each director using the current standards for “independence” that satisfy the criteria for the Nasdaq Capital Markets.
 
As of December 31, 2017, the Board determined that Mr. Wunderlich, Mr. Macaluso, and Mr. Schachtel were independent.
 
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.
 
The following table sets forth fees billed to the Company by the Company’s independent auditors for (i) services rendered for the audit of the Company’s annual financial statements and the review of the Company’s quarterly financial statements, (ii) services rendered that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the Company’s financial statements that are not reported as Audit Fees, and (iii) services rendered in connection with tax preparation, compliance, advice and assistance.
 
Services
 
2017
   
2016
 
Audit Fees
 
$
90,000
   
$
90,000
 
 
               
Audit - Related Fees
   
-
     
-
 
 
               
Tax fees
   
15,000
     
15,000
 
 
               
All Other Fees (a)
   
-
     
-
 
 
               
Total
 
$
105,000
   
$
105,000
 

 All other fees include fees primarily for review and other services related to securities registration documents, assistance with other document reviews and assistance with revenue agent examination.
 
Prior to engaging our accountants to perform a particular service, our Audit Committee obtains an estimate for the service to be performed. All of the services described above were approved by the Audit Committee in accordance with its procedures.
 

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits.

(a)

Exhibit No.
 
Description
2.1
 
2.2
 
3.1
 
3.2
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
4.1
 
4.2
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
SilverSun Technologies, Inc. 7.5% Secured Convertible Debenture, for a value of $600,000, due December 30, 2007 to YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP).
4.5
 
SilverSun Technologies, Inc. 7.5% Secured Convertible Debenture, for a value of $1,159,047, due December 30, 2007 to YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP).
4.6
 
4.7
 
10.1
 
10.2
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.5
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
Termination Agreement dated December 30, 2005 between YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP). and SilverSun Technologies, Inc.


10.8
 
Escrow Agreement dated December 30, 2005 between David Gonzalez, Esq. And SilverSun Technologies, Inc.
10.9
 
Securities Purchase Agreement dated December 30, 2005 between YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP). and SilverSun Technologies, Inc.
10.10
 
Investor Rights Agreement dated December 30, 2005 between YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP). and SilverSun Technologies, Inc.
10.11
 
Amended and Restated Security Agreement dated December 30, 2005 between YA Global (f/k/a/ Cornell Capital Partners, LP). and SilverSun Technologies, Inc.
10.12
 
10.13
 
10.14
 
10.15
 
10.16
 
10.17
 
10.18
 
10.19
 
10.20
 
10.21
 
10.22
 
10.23
 
14.1
 
31.1 *
 
31.2 *
 
32.1 *
 
32.2 *
 
101.INS *
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH *
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CAL *
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF *
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LAB *
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PRE *
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

* Filed herewith
 

 
SIGNATURES
 
In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
Date: March 26, 2018
By:
/s/ Mark Meller
 
 
 
Mark Meller
 
 
 
Principal Executive Officer
 
 
Date: March 26, 2018
By:
/s/ Crandall Melvin III
 
 
 
Crandall Melvin III
 
 
 
Principal Financial Officer
 
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Name
 
Position
 
Date
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Mark Meller
 
Principal Executive Officer
 
March 26, 2018
Mark Meller
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Stanley Wunderlich
 
Director
 
March 26, 2018
Stanley Wunderlich
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Joseph Macaluso
 
Director
 
March 26, 2018
Joseph Macaluso
 
 
 
 
         
/s/ John Schachtel
 
Director
 
March 26, 2018 
John Schachtel
       
         
/s/ Crandall Melvin III
 
Principal Financial Officer
 
March 26, 2018
Crandall Melvin III
 
 
 
 


 
PART F/S
 
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
Page (s)
 
 
  F-2
 
 
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
F-3
 
 
F-4
 
 
F-5
 
 
F-6
 
 
F-8
 


 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM



To the Board of Directors and
Stockholders of SilverSun Technologies, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of SilverSun Technologies, Inc. and Subsidiary (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
 
/s/ Friedman LLP
 
 
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2004.
 
 
Marlton, New Jersey
March 26, 2018
 
 
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash
 
$
2,235,347
   
$
1,621,049
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $375,000
   
2,336,481
     
2,501,621
 
Unbilled services
   
428,208
     
463,563
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
403,911
     
331,094
 
 
               
Total current assets
   
5,403,947
     
4,917,327
 
 
               
Property and equipment, net
   
567,532
     
466,202
 
Intangible assets, net
   
2,640,457
     
2,431,111
 
Goodwill
   
401,000
     
401,000
 
Deferred tax assets
   
1,363,000
     
2,414,902
 
Deposits and other assets
   
36,312
     
28,887
 
 
               
Total assets
 
$
10,412,248
   
$
10,659,429
 
 
               
LIABILITIES & STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Bank line of credit
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Accounts payable
   
2,094,297
     
1,822,071
 
Accrued expenses
   
1,071,515
     
823,591
 
Accrued interest
   
16,283
     
15,533
 
Income taxes payable
   
97,097
     
177,466
 
Contingent consideration – current portion
   
63,380
     
180,029
 
Long term debt – current portion
   
257,846
     
306,677
 
Capital lease obligations – current portion
   
94,443
     
94,714
 
Deferred revenue
   
2,150,771
     
1,690,147
 
 
               
Total current liabilities
   
5,845,632
     
5,110,228
 
 
               
Contingent consideration net of current portion
   
42,255
     
31,685
 
Long term debt net of current portion
   
228,626
     
486,473
 
Capital lease obligations net of current portion
   
68,614
     
60,127
 
 
               
Total liabilities
   
6,185,127
     
5,688,513
 
 
               
Commitments and Contingencies
               
 
               
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 1,000,000 shares
  No shares issued and outstanding
   
-
     
-
 
Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 2 shares
  No shares issued and outstanding
   
-
     
-
 
Series B Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; authorized 1 share
  1 share issued and outstanding
   
1
     
1
 
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; authorized 75,000,000 shares
  4,489,903 and 4,477,403 shares issued and outstanding
   
46
     
46
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
11,919,316
     
12,176,642
 
Accumulated deficit
   
(7,692,242
)
   
(7,205,773
)
 
               
Total stockholders’ equity
   
4,227,121
     
4,970,916
 
 
               
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
10,412,248
   
$
10,659,429
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.   

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
For the Years Ended
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
 
 
           
Revenues:
           
Software product, net
 
$
5,275,266
   
$
4,707,546
 
Service, net
   
29,576,762
     
29,414,424
 
Total revenues, net
   
34,852,028
     
34,121,970
 
 
               
Cost of revenues:
               
Product
   
2,599,876
     
2,485,141
 
Service
   
18,386,712
     
18,909,587
 
Total cost of revenues
   
20,986,588
     
21,394,728
 
 
               
Gross profit
   
13,865,440
     
12,727,242
 
 
               
Operating expenses:
               
Selling and marketing expenses
   
4,849,996
     
4,358,234
 
General and administrative expenses
   
7,354,201
     
6,374,210
 
Share-based compensation
   
101,688
     
42,795
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
620,297
     
684,660
 
Total operating expenses
   
12,926,182
     
11,459,899
 
 
               
Income from operations
   
939,258
     
1,267,343
 
 
               
Other (expense) income:
               
  Interest expense, net
   
(31,696
)
   
(64,678
)
  Other income
   
-
     
10,000
 
Total other (expense) income
   
(31,696
)
   
(54,678
)
 
               
Income before income taxes
   
907,562
     
1,212,665
 
 
               
Income tax (provision) benefit
   
(1,394,031
)
   
2,223,734
 
 
               
Net (loss) income
 
$
(486,469
)
 
$
3,436,399
 
 
               
Basic and diluted net (loss) income per common share
               
Basic
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.78
 
Diluted
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.77
 
 
               
Weighted average shares outstanding:
               
Basic
   
4,489,013
     
4,414,743
 
Diluted
   
4,489,013
     
4,473,403
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
 
 
 
Series A
Preferred
Stock
   
Series B
Preferred
Stock
   
Common Stock
Class A
   
Additional
Paid in
   
Accumulated
   
Total
Stockholders’
 
 
 
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
(Deficit)
   
Equity
 
Balance at January 1, 2016
   
-
   
$
-
     
-
   
$
-
     
4,410,736
   
$
45
   
$
12,198,448
   
$
(10,642,172
)
 
$
1,556,321
 
 
                                                                       
Convertible note conversion into common stock
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
66,667
     
1
     
199,999
     
-
     
200,000
 
Issuance of preferred share
   
-
     
-
     
1
     
1
     
-
     
-
     
99
     
-
     
100
 
Cash dividend
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(264,699
)
   
-
     
(264,699
)
Share-Based Compensation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
42,795
     
-
     
42,795
 
Net income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
3,436,399
     
3,436,399
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
   
-
   
$
-
     
1
   
$
1
     
4,477,403
   
$
46
   
$
12,176,642
   
$
(7,205,773
)
 
$
4,970,916
 
 
                                                                       
Stock warrants in exchange for services
    -       -       -       -      
-
     
-
     
19,923
      -      
19,923
 
Issuance of common stock for services
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
12,500
     
-
     
47,500
     
-
     
47,500
 
Cash dividend
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(359,014
)
   
-
     
(359,014
)
Share-Based Compensation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
34,265
     
-
     
34,265
 
Net loss
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(486,469
)
   
(486,469
)
 
                                                                       
Balance at December 31, 2017
   
-
   
$
-
     
1
   
$
1
     
4,489,903
   
$
46
   
$
11,919,316
   
$
(7,692,242
)
 
$
4,227,121
 
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements. 
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS 
FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31,
 
 
 
2017
   
2016
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net (loss) income
 
$
(486,469
)
 
$
3,436,399
 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash   
provided by operating activities:
               
Deferred income taxes
   
1,051,902
     
(2,214,902
)
Depreciation and amortization
   
255,362
     
232,316
 
Amortization of intangibles
   
364,934
     
452,344
 
Bad debt write-off
   
44,147
     
-
 
Share-based compensation
   
34,265
     
42,795
 
Common stock issued in exchange for services
   
47,500
     
-
 
Stock warrants in exchange for services
   
19,923
     
-
 
 
               
Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
120,993
     
(24,320
)
Unbilled services
   
35,355
     
277,980
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
(72,817
)
   
112,525
 
Deposits and other assets
   
(7,425
)
   
1,002
 
Accounts payable
   
272,226
     
227,970
 
Accrued expenses
   
247,924
     
2,005
 
Income tax payable
   
(80,369
)
   
(72,818
)
Accrued interest
   
750
     
716
 
Deferred revenues
   
460,624
     
(679,852
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
2,308,825
     
1,794,160
 
 
               
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Software development costs
   
(514,280
)
   
(311,917
)
Acquisition of customer list
   
(60,000
)
   
-
 
Purchases of property and equipment
   
(241,230
)
   
(184,802
)
Net cash used in investing activities
   
(815,510
)
   
(496,719
)
 
               
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Payment of cash dividend
   
(359,014
)
   
(264,699
)
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock
   
-
     
100
 
Repayment of contingent consideration
   
(106,079
)
   
(188,933
)
Repayments of long term debt
   
(306,678
)
   
(300,033
)
Principal payment under capital lease obligations
   
(107,246
)
   
(116,140
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(879,017
)
   
(869,705
)
 
               
Net increase in cash
   
614,298
     
427,736
 
Cash, beginning of year
   
1,621,049
     
1,193,313
 
 
               
Cash, end of year
 
$
2,235,347
   
$
1,621,049
 
 
               
Supplemental Schedule of Cash Flow Information:
               
During the year, cash was paid for the following:
               
Income taxes
 
$
335,398
   
$
100,885
 
Interest
 
$
30,946
   
$
64,462
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
 
SUPPLEMENTAL SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

For the Year Ended December 31, 2017:

The Company incurred approximately $115,462 in capital lease obligations.

For the Year Ended December 31, 2016:

The Company incurred approximately $88,369 in capital lease obligations.

On December 9, 2016 the $200,000 Oates Convertible Note was converted into 66,667 shares of Common Stock.

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
 
NOTE 1 – DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
SilverSun Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”) and wholly owned subsidiary SWK Technologies, Inc. (“SWK”) is a value added reseller and master developer for Sage Software’s Sage100/500 and ERP X3 financial and accounting software as well as the publisher of proprietary software solutions, including its own proprietary Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) software, “MAPADOC.”  The Company is also a managed network service provider, providing remote network monitoring services, business continuity, disaster recovery, data backup, and application hosting. The Company sells services and products to various industries including, but not limited to, manufacturers, wholesalers and distributors located throughout the United States. The Company is publicly traded and was quoted on the Over-the-Counter Bulletin Board (“OTCQB”) under the symbol “SSNT” until April 18, 2017. Since April 19, 2017, the Company has been listed and is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “SSNT”.
  
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation and Principals of Consolidation
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the “Company” and its wholly-owned subsidiary, SWK Technologies, Inc. (“SWK”). These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. All significant inter-company transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.


SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Goodwill

Goodwill is the excess of acquisition cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired.  Goodwill is not amortized, but tested for impairment annually or whenever indicators of impairment exist. These indicators may include a significant change in the business climate, legal factors, operating performance indicators, competition, sale or disposition of a significant portion of the business or other factors. No impairment losses were identified or recorded in the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

Definite Lived Intangible Assets and Long-lived Assets

Purchased intangible assets are recorded at fair value using an independent valuation at the date of acquisition and are amortized over the useful lives of the asset using the straight-line amortization method. 
 
The Company assesses potential impairment of its intangible assets and other long-lived assets when there is evidence that recent events or changes in circumstances have made recovery of an asset’s carrying value unlikely. Factors the Company considers important, which may cause impairment include, among others, significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired asset, negative industry or economic trends, and significant underperformance relative to historical or projected operating results. No impairment losses were identified or recorded in the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when products are shipped, or services are rendered, evidence of a contract exists, the price is fixed or reasonably determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.

Product Revenue

Software product revenue is recognized when the product is shipped to the customer. The Company treats the software component and the professional services consulting component as two separate arrangements that represent separate units of accounting. The arrangement consideration is allocated to each unit of accounting based upon that unit’s proportion of the fair value.  In a situation where both components are present, software sales revenue is recognized when collectability is reasonably assured and the product is delivered and has stand-alone value based upon vendor specific objective evidence.
 
Service Revenue

Service revenue is comprised of primarily professional service consulting revenue, maintenance revenue and other ancillary services provided. Professional service revenue is recognized as service time is incurred.
 
With respect to maintenance services, upon the completion of one year from the date of sale, the Company offers customers an optional annual software maintenance and support agreement for subsequent periods not exceeding one year. Maintenance and support agreements are recorded as deferred revenue and recognized over the respective terms of the agreements, which typically range from three months to one year and are included in services revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Income.

Shipping and handling costs charged to customers are classified as revenue, and the shipping and handling costs incurred are included in cost of sales.

Unbilled Services

The Company recognizes revenue on its professional services as those services are performed or certain obligations are met.
 
Unbilled services represent the revenue recognized but not yet invoiced.


SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2016 AND 2016

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Deferred Revenues
 
Deferred revenues consist of maintenance service, customer support services, including telephone support and deposits for future consulting services which will be earned as services are performed over the contractual or stated period, which generally ranges from three to twelve months.
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash balances at financial institutions that are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to federally insured limits. At times balances may exceed FDIC insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts.
 
Concentrations

The Company maintains its cash with various institutions, which exceed federally insured limits throughout the year.  At December 31, 2017, the Company had cash on deposit of approximately $1,933,772 in excess of the federally insured limits of $250,000.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, our top ten customers accounted for 21% ($7,461,570) and 19% ($6,574,232), respectively, of our total revenues. The Company does not rely on any one specific customer for any significant portion of our revenue base.
 
For both the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, purchases from one supplier through a “channel partner” agreement were approximately 23% and 24% respectively. This channel partner agreement is for a one year term and automatically renews for an additional one year term on the anniversary of the agreements effective date.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, one supplier represented approximately 37% and 42% of total accounts payable, respectively.

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of trade accounts receivable and cash and cash equivalents.  As of December 31, 2017, the Company believes it has no significant risk related to its concentration of accounts receivable.
 
Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable consist primarily of invoices for maintenance and professional services. Full payment for software ordered by customers is due in advance of ordering from the software supplier. Payments for maintenance and support plan renewals are due before the beginning of the maintenance period. Terms under our professional service agreements are generally 50% due in advance and the balance on completion of the services.
 
The Company maintains an allowance for bad debt estimated by considering a number of factors, including the length of time the amounts are past due, the Company’s previous loss history, the customer’s current ability to pay its obligations.  
 
Property and Equipment

Property and equipment is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation.  Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method based upon the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally three to seven years.  Maintenance and repairs that do not materially add to the value of the equipment nor appreciably prolong its life are charged to expense as incurred.
 
When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and the resulting gain or loss is included in the consolidated statements of operations.


SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Income Taxes

Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes, as well as net operating loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current based on the classification of the related assets or liabilities for financial reporting, or according to the expected reversal dates of the specific temporary differences, if not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting. Valuation allowances are established against deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates or laws is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
The Company has federal net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards which are subject to limitations under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.
 
The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”) was enacted on December 22, 2017. The Tax Reform includes a number of changes in existing tax law impacting businesses including a permanent reduction in the U.S. federal statutory rate from 34% to 21%, effective on January 1, 2018. Under U.S. GAAP, changes in tax rates and tax law are accounted for in the period of enactment and deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the enacted tax rate. The rate reconciliation includes the Company’s assessment of the accounting under the Tax Reform which is preliminary and is based on information that was available to management at the time the consolidated financial statements were prepared.
 
The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal and state jurisdictions. Tax years 2014 to 2017 remain open to examination for both the U.S. federal and state jurisdictions.

There were no liabilities for uncertain tax positions at December 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
Fair Value Measurement
 
The accounting standards define fair value and establish a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use on unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is as follows:
 
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for assets or liabilities. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to Level 1 inputs.
 
Level 2: Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data.
 
Level 3: Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs. 

The Company’s current financial assets and liabilities approximate fair value due to their short term nature and include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities.  The carrying value of longer term lease and debt obligations approximate fair value as their stated interest rates approximate the rates currently available. The Company’s intangibles are measured on a non-recurring basis using Level 3 inputs, as discussed in Note 5.
 
Stock-Based Compensation

Compensation expense related to share-based transactions, including employee stock options, is measured and recognized in the financial statements based on a determination of the fair value. The grant date fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes-Merton (“Black-Scholes”) pricing model. For employee stock options, the Company recognizes expense over the requisite service period on a straight-line basis (generally the vesting period of the equity grant). The Company’s option pricing model requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected stock price volatility and expected term. Any changes in these highly subjective assumptions significantly impact stock-based compensation expense.

 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
 
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)
 
Recently Adopted Authoritative Pronouncements
 
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-17, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Balance Sheet Classifications of Deferred Taxes, which requires that deferred tax liabilities and assets be classified as noncurrent in a classified statement of financial position. The current requirement that deferred tax liabilities and assets of a tax-paying component of an entity be offset and presented as a single amount is not affected by this amendment. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted and the standard may be applied either retrospectively or on a prospective basis to all deferred tax assets and liabilities. During the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted this ASU and the appropriate reclassifications were made.

 In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which includes provisions intended to simplify various aspects related to how share-based payments are accounted for and presented in the financial statements. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. During the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted this ASU.  The key effects of the adoption on the Company’s financial statements include that the Company will now recognize windfall tax benefits as deferred tax assets instead of tracking the windfall pool and recording such benefits in equity.  Additionally, the Company has elected to recognize forfeitures as they occur rather than estimating them at the time of the grant.

Recent Authoritative Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets by recognizing a lessee’s rights and obligations, while expenses will continue to be recognized in a similar manner to today’s legacy lease accounting guidance. This ASU could significantly affect the financial ratios used for external reporting and other purposes, such as debt covenant compliance. This ASU will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements.
 
In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Identifying performance obligations and licensing (Topic 606), to reduce the cost and complexity of applying the guidance on identifying promised goods or services around identifying performance obligations and implementation guidance on determining whether an entity’s promise to grant a license provides a customer with either a right to use the entity’s intellectual property (which is satisfied at a point in time) or a right to access the entity’s intellectual property (which is satisfied over time). The ASU defines a five-step process to achieve the core principal and, in doing so, it is possible more judgement and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than are currently in use. The ASU will be effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2018 using either of two methods: (1) retrospective application to each prior reporting period presented with the option to elect certain practical expedients or (2) retrospective application with the cumulative effect of initially applying the ASU recognized at the date of the initial application and providing certain disclosures.  Early adoption is permitted as of an annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016.  The Company has evaluated the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements and does not believe there will be a material impact to their revenue.
 
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350), which includes provisions, intended to simplify the test for goodwill impairment.  The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017.  We do not expect the adoption of this standard to have a significant impact on our financial position and results of operations.

No other recently issued accounting pronouncements had or are expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016
 
NOTE 3 – NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE

The Company’s basic income per common share is based on net income for the relevant period, divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  Diluted income per common share is based on net income, divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, including common share equivalents, such as outstanding option and warrants to the extent they are dilutive. The computation of diluted income per share for the year ended December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016 does not include share equivalents as all warrants and options exceeded the average market price of the common stock.
 
 
 
Year Ended
December 31, 2017
   
Year Ended
December 31, 2016
 
Basic net (loss) income per share:
           
  Net (loss) income
 
$
(486,469
)
 
$
3,436,399
 
  Weighted-average common shares outstanding
   
4,489,013
     
4,414,743
 
  Basic net (loss) income per shares
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.78
 
Diluted net (loss) income per share:
               
  Net (loss) income
 
$
(486,469
)
 
$
3,436,399
 
  Weighted-average common shares outstanding
   
4,489,013
     
4,473,403
 
  Total adjusted weighted-average shares
   
4,489,013
     
4,473,403
 
  Diluted net (loss) income per share
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
0.77
 
 
The following table summarizes securities that, if exercised, would have an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share.
 
 
 
Year Ended
December 31, 2017
 
 
Year Ended
December 31, 2016
 
Stock options
 
 
62,280
 
 
 
143,576
 
Warrants
 
 
208,241
 
 
 
203,253
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total potential dilutive securities not included in loss per share
 
 
270,521
 
 
 
346,829
 
 
NOTE 4 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment is summarized as follows:
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
 
Leasehold improvements
 
$
88,511
   
$
30,557
 
Equipment, furniture and fixtures
   
2,043,177
     
1,744,439
 
 
   
2,131,688
     
1,774,996
 
Less: Accumulated depreciation
   
(1,564,156
)
   
(1,308,794
)
 
               
 Property and equipment, net
 
$
567,532
   
$
466,202
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expense related to these assets for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $255,362 and $232,316.
 
Property and equipment under capital leases are summarized as follows:

 
 
December 31, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
 
Equipment, furniture and fixtures
   
315,560
     
521,905
 
Less: Accumulated depreciation
   
(126,478
)
   
(335,672
)
 
               
 Property and equipment, net
 
$
189,082
   
$
186,233
 
 

SILVERSUN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
DECEMBER 31, 2017 AND 2016 

NOTE 5 – INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
Intangible assets consist of developed intellectual property carried at cost less accumulated amortization and customer lists acquired at fair value less accumulated amortization. Amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives.

The components of intangible assets are as follows:
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
   
December 31, 2016
   
Estimated Useful Lives
 
Proprietary developed software
 
$
1,192,109
   
$
677,829
   
5 – 7
 
Intellectual property, customer list, and acquired contracts
   
3,129,551
     
3,069,551