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EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - Discovery, Inc.a20160331-exhibit311.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - Discovery, Inc.a20160331-exhibit321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - Discovery, Inc.a20160331-exhibit312.htm
EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - Discovery, Inc.a20160331-exhibit322.htm


 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-34177
 
Discovery Communications, Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
35-2333914
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
One Discovery Place
Silver Spring, Maryland
 
20910
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(240) 662-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨



Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Total number of shares outstanding of each class of the Registrant’s common stock as of April 28, 2016:
Series A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
150,480,876

Series B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
6,514,584

Series C Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
248,724,491

 
 
 
 
 




DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2016.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Unaudited Financial Statements.
DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited; in millions, except par value)
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
333

 
$
390

Receivables, net
 
1,520

 
1,479

Content rights, net
 
352

 
313

Deferred income taxes
 
91

 
68

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
371

 
346

Total current assets
 
2,667

 
2,596

Noncurrent content rights, net
 
2,029

 
2,030

Property and equipment, net
 
466

 
488

Goodwill
 
8,207

 
8,164

Intangible assets, net
 
1,718

 
1,730

Equity method investments
 
529

 
567

Other noncurrent assets
 
262

 
289

Total assets
 
$
15,878

 
$
15,864

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
171

 
$
282

Accrued liabilities
 
974

 
988

Deferred revenues
 
205

 
190

Current portion of debt
 
25

 
119

Total current liabilities
 
1,375

 
1,579

Noncurrent portion of debt
 
7,965

 
7,616

Deferred income taxes
 
510

 
556

Other noncurrent liabilities
 
414

 
421

Total liabilities
 
10,264

 
10,172

Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)
 


 


Redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
248

 
241

Equity:
 
 
 
 
Discovery Communications, Inc. stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Series A convertible preferred stock: $0.01 par value; 75 shares authorized; 71 shares issued
 
1

 
1

Series C convertible preferred stock: $0.01 par value; 75 shares authorized; 35 and 38 shares issued
 
1

 
1

Series A common stock: $0.01 par value; 1,700 shares authorized; 153 shares issued
 
1

 
1

Series B convertible common stock: $0.01 par value; 100 shares authorized; 7 shares issued
 

 

Series C common stock: $0.01 par value; 2,000 shares authorized; 377 and 376 shares issued
 
4

 
4

Additional paid-in capital
 
7,027

 
7,021

Treasury stock, at cost
 
(5,675
)
 
(5,461
)
Retained earnings
 
4,621

 
4,517

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(614
)
 
(633
)
Total equity
 
5,366

 
5,451

Total liabilities and equity
 
$
15,878

 
$
15,864

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
Distribution
 
$
801

 
$
758

Advertising
 
687

 
687

Other
 
73

 
92

Total revenues
 
1,561

 
1,537

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
Costs of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization
 
592

 
565

Selling, general and administrative
 
408

 
400

Depreciation and amortization
 
79

 
81

Restructuring and other charges
 
6

 
9

Gain on disposition
 
(13
)
 

Total costs and expenses
 
1,072

 
1,055

Operating income
 
489

 
482

Interest expense
 
(85
)
 
(89
)
(Loss) income from equity investees, net
 
(8
)
 
1

Other expense, net
 
(16
)
 
(19
)
Income before income taxes
 
380

 
375

Income tax expense
 
(111
)
 
(125
)
Net income
 
269

 
250

Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(6
)
 

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc.
 
$
263

 
$
250

Net income per share available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.38

Diluted
 
$
0.42

 
$
0.37

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
413

 
439

Diluted
 
630

 
667

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(unaudited; in millions)


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Net income
 
$
269

 
$
250

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
Currency translation adjustments
 
58

 
(248
)
Market value adjustments
 
(21
)
 

Derivative adjustments
 
(17
)
 
12

Comprehensive income
 
289

 
14

Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(7
)
 
35

Comprehensive income attributable to Discovery Communications, Inc.
 
$
282

 
$
49

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited; in millions)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
269

 
$
250

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Equity-based compensation expense
24

 
2

Depreciation and amortization
79

 
81

Content amortization and impairment expense
441

 
407

Gain on disposition
(13
)
 

Remeasurement gain on previously held equity interest

 
(2
)
Equity in earnings of investee companies, net of cash distributions
9

 
1

Deferred income taxes
(58
)
 
(48
)
Realized loss from derivative instruments

 
11

Other, net
15

 
9

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of business combinations:
 
 
 
Receivables, net
(7
)
 
(10
)
Content rights, net
(488
)
 
(445
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(148
)
 
(134
)
Equity-based compensation liabilities
(5
)
 
(25
)
Income taxes receivable and prepaid income taxes
28

 
3

Other, net
(84
)
 
(37
)
Cash provided by operating activities
62

 
63

Investing Activities
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(15
)
 
(34
)
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(16
)
Payments for derivative instruments, net

 
(11
)
Distributions from equity method investees
15

 
15

Investments in equity method investees, net
4

 
(26
)
Investments in cost method investments
(4
)
 

Other investing activities, net
(1
)
 
(6
)
Cash used in investing activities
(1
)
 
(78
)
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Commercial paper (repayments) borrowings, net
(93
)
 
199

Borrowings under revolving credit facility
95

 
123

Principal repayments of revolving credit facility
(252
)
 
(13
)
Borrowings from debt, net of discount
498

 
936

Principal repayments of debt

 
(849
)
Principal repayments of capital lease obligations
(12
)
 
(12
)
Repurchases of stock
(373
)
 
(317
)
Distributions to redeemable noncontrolling interests
(2
)
 

Equity-based plan payments, net
(5
)
 
(17
)
Hedge of borrowings from debt instruments

 
(29
)
Other financing activities, net
(11
)
 
(9
)
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(155
)
 
12

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
37

 
(43
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(57
)
 
(46
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
390

 
367

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
333

 
$
321

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY
(unaudited; in millions)

 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) / Income
 
Total
Equity
 
 
Shares
 
Par Value
 
Shares
 
Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
109

 
$
2

 
536

 
$
5

 
$
7,021

 
$
(5,461
)
 
$
4,517

 
$
(633
)
 
$
5,451

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
263

 

 
263

Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
19

 
19

Repurchases of stock
 
(3
)
 

 

 

 

 
(214
)
 
(159
)
 

 
(373
)
Equity-based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
11

 

 

 

 
11

Tax settlements associated with equity-based compensation
 

 

 

 

 
(11
)
 

 

 

 
(11
)
Issuance of common stock in connection with equity-based plans
 

 

 
1

 

 
6

 

 

 

 
6

March 31, 2016
 
106

 
$
2

 
537

 
$
5

 
$
7,027

 
$
(5,675
)
 
$
4,621

 
$
(614
)
 
$
5,366

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

8


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)



NOTE 1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Description of Business
Discovery Communications, Inc. (“Discovery” or the “Company”) is a global media company that provides content across multiple distribution platforms, including pay-TV, free-to-air and broadcast television networks, websites, digital distribution arrangements and content licensing agreements. The Company also develops and sells curriculum-based education products and services and operates production studios. The Company classifies its operations in two reportable segments: U.S. Networks, consisting principally of domestic television networks and websites, and International Networks, consisting principally of international television networks and websites; and two combined operating segments referred to as Education and Other, consisting principally of curriculum-based product and service offerings and production studios. Financial information for Discovery’s reportable segments is discussed in Note 16.
Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Discovery and its majority-owned subsidiaries in which a controlling interest is maintained. For each non-wholly owned subsidiary, the Company evaluates its ownership and other interests to determine whether it should consolidate the entity or account for its ownership interest as an investment. As part of its evaluation, the Company makes judgments in determining whether the entity is a variable interest entity ("VIE") and, if so, whether it is the primary beneficiary of the VIE and is thus required to consolidate the entity. (See Note 3.) Inter-company accounts and transactions between consolidated entities have been eliminated in consolidation.
Unaudited Interim Financial Statements
These consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management, they reflect all adjustments consisting only of normal recurring adjustments necessary to state fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) applicable to interim periods. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year or future periods. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Discovery’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”).
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the amounts and disclosures reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Management continually re-evaluates its estimates, judgments and assumptions, and management’s evaluation could change. These estimates are sometimes complex, sensitive to changes in assumptions and require fair value determinations using Level 3 fair value measurements. Actual results may differ materially from those estimates.
Estimates inherent in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements include accounting for asset impairments, revenue recognition, allowances for doubtful accounts, content rights, depreciation and amortization, business combinations, equity-based compensation, income taxes, other financial instruments, contingencies and the determination of whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of entities in which it holds variable interests.
Accounting and Reporting Pronouncements Adopted
Business Consolidation
In February 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued guidance that amends the analysis that a reporting entity performs to determine whether it should consolidate certain legal entities. The changes in this guidance include how related parties and de facto agents are considered in the primary beneficiary determination and the analysis for determining whether a fee paid to a decision maker or service provider is a variable interest. The new standard is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015 and can be adopted either retrospectively or using a modified retrospective approach by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to stockholders' equity as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2016, and there was no effect on the consolidated financial statements.


9


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)



Business Combinations
In September 2015, the FASB issued new guidance on adjustments to provisional amounts recognized in a business combination, which are currently recognized on a retrospective basis. Under the new requirements, adjustments will be recognized in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined. The effects of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income arising from changes to the provisional amounts, if any, are included in earnings of the reporting period in which the adjustments to the provisional amounts are determined. An entity is also required to present separately on the face of the income statement or disclose in the notes the portion of the amount recorded in current-period earnings by line item that would have been recorded in previous reporting periods if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. The Company adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2016, and there was no effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement
In April 2015, the FASB issued explicit guidance on the recognition of fees paid by a customer for cloud computing arrangements as either the acquisition of a software license or a service contract. The Company adopted this guidance effective October 1, 2015, and there was no material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs
In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance requiring all debt issuance costs to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying value of the debt instead of being presented as an asset on the balance sheet. The Company retrospectively adopted the new guidance effective April 1, 2015 and reclassified its unamortized debt issuance costs related to the Company's debt from other noncurrent assets to noncurrent portion of debt on the consolidated balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Accounting and Reporting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Share-Based Payments
In March 2016, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies how share-based payments are accounted for and presented in the financial statements. The new guidance includes requirements to record all of the tax effects related to share-based payments at settlement through the income statement, allows for tax withholdings up to maximum statutory rates before precluding equity accounting, and allows the Company to make an accounting policy election for the impact of forfeitures on the recognition of expense. The new standard is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and can be adopted early in any interim period, with any adjustments reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption in retained earnings. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the pronouncement will have on the consolidated financial statements.
Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance on leases that will require lessees to recognize almost all of their leases on the balance sheet by recording a right-of-use asset and liability. The new standard will be effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and requires application of the new accounting guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the year of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the pronouncement will have on the consolidated financial statements.
Recognition and Measurement of Financial Instruments
In January 2016, the FASB issued guidance regarding the classification and measurement of financial instruments, which significantly revises the classification and measurement of investments in equity securities. This standard supersedes the guidance to classify equity securities with readily determinable fair values into different categories and requires equity securities to be measured at fair value with changes in the fair value recognized through net income. Investments accounted for under the equity method of accounting or that result in consolidation are not included within the scope of this update. The new standard will be effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This pronouncement is expected to impact the Company's accounting for changes in the fair value of available-for-sale ("AFS") securities.

10


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes
In November 2015, the FASB issued guidance to simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes, which removes the requirement to separate deferred tax liabilities and assets into current and noncurrent amounts and instead requires all such amounts be classified as noncurrent on the Company's consolidated balance sheets. The new requirement will be effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and can be adopted on either a retrospective or prospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the pronouncement will have on the consolidated financial statements.
Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern
In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance requiring management to perform interim and annual assessments regarding conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related disclosures, if applicable. The new standard is effective for reporting periods ending after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
In May 2014, the FASB issued an accounting pronouncement related to revenue recognition, which applies a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers. This standard contains principles with respect to the measurement of revenue and timing of recognition. The Company will recognize revenue to reflect the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services. In August 2015, the FASB deferred the pronouncement's effective date to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. However, reporting entities may choose to adopt the standard as of the original effective date of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company is required to apply the new revenue standard beginning in the first interim period within the year of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the pronouncement will have on the consolidated financial statements.
Concentrations Risk
Customers
The Company has long-term contracts with distributors around the world. For the U.S. Networks segment, more than 90% of distribution revenue comes from the Company's top 10 distributors in the U.S. For the International Networks segment, approximately 44% of distribution revenue comes from the Company's top 10 distributors outside of the U.S. Agreements in place with the major cable and satellite operators in the U.S. expire at various times beginning in 2016 through 2021. Although the Company seeks to renew its agreements with its distributors, a delay in securing a renewal that results in a service disruption, a failure to secure a renewal or a renewal on less favorable terms may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. Not only could the Company experience a reduction in distribution revenue, but it could also experience a reduction in advertising revenue, as viewership is impacted by affiliate subscriber levels.
No individual customer accounted for more than 10% of total consolidated revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2016 or 2015. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company’s trade receivables did not represent a significant concentration of credit risk as the customers and markets in which the Company operates are varied and dispersed across many geographic areas.
Financial Institutions
Cash and cash equivalents are maintained with several financial institutions. The Company has deposits held with banks that exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. Generally, these deposits may be redeemed upon demand and are maintained with financial institutions of reputable credit and, therefore, bear minimal credit risk. Additionally, the Company has cash and cash equivalents held by its foreign subsidiaries that would result in U.S. tax consequences should the Company decide it needs to repatriate these funds to the U.S.
Lender Counterparties
There is a risk that the counterparties associated with the Company’s revolving credit facility will not be available to fund as obligated under the terms of the facility and that the Company may, at the time of such unavailability to fund, have limited or no access to the commercial paper market. If funding under the revolving credit facility is unavailable, the Company may have to acquire a replacement credit facility from different counterparties at a higher cost or may be unable to find a suitable replacement. Typically, the Company seeks to manage such risks from its revolving credit facility by contracting with experienced large

11


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


financial institutions and monitoring the credit quality of its lenders. As of March 31, 2016, the Company did not anticipate nonperformance by any of its counterparties.
NOTE 2. ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
Acquisitions
Eurosport
On December 21, 2012, the Company acquired a 20% equity method investment in Eurosport France. On March 31, 2015, the Company acquired an additional 31% interest in Eurosport France for €36 million ($38 million). This transaction gave the Company a 51% controlling stake in Eurosport France. The Company recognized a gain of $2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015, to account for the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the previously held 20% equity method investment in Eurosport France in the Company's consolidated statements of operations. (See Note 13.) On October 1, 2015, the Company acquired the remaining 49% of Eurosport France. (See Note 8.)
Eurosport France is part of Eurosport, a leading pan-European sports media platform. The flagship Eurosport network focuses on regionally popular sports, such as tennis, skiing, cycling and motor sports. Eurosport’s brands and platforms also include Eurosport HD (high definition simulcast), Eurosport 2, Eurosport 2 HD (high definition simulcast) and Eurosportnews. The acquisition is intended to increase the growth of Eurosport and enhance the Company's pay-TV offerings in Europe.
The Company used a discounted cash flow ("DCF") analysis, which represents a Level 3 fair value measurement, to assess certain components of the Eurosport France purchase price allocation. The fair value of the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, noncontrolling interest recognized and the remeasurement gain recorded on the previously held equity interest is presented in the table below (in millions).
 
 
March 31, 2015
 
Goodwill
 
$
69

 
Intangible assets
 
40

 
Other assets acquired
 
25

 
Cash
 
35

 
Removal of TF1 put right
 
2

 
Currency translation adjustment
 
(6
)
 
Remeasurement gain on previously held equity interest
 
(2
)
 
Liabilities assumed
 
(30
)
 
Deferred tax liabilities
 
(14
)
 
Redeemable noncontrolling interest (Note 8)
 
(60
)
 
Carrying value of previously held equity interest
 
(21
)
 
Net assets acquired
 
$
38

 
The goodwill reflects the workforce and synergies expected from increased pan-European market penetration as the operations of Eurosport and the Company are combined. The goodwill recorded as part of this acquisition is included in the International Networks reportable segment and is not amortizable for tax purposes. Intangible assets primarily consist of distribution and advertising customer relationships, advertiser backlog and trademarks with a weighted average estimated useful life of 10 years.
Other
In 2015, the Company acquired several other unrelated businesses for total cash and contingent consideration of $91 million, net of cash acquired. Total consideration, net of cash acquired, included contingent consideration of $13 million as of December 31, 2015, of which $1 million was paid during the three months ended March 31, 2016. The Company recorded $54 million and $43 million of goodwill and intangible assets, respectively, in connection with these acquisitions. The acquisitions included free-to-air ("FTA") networks in Italy and Turkey, cable networks in Denmark and a pay-TV sports channel in Asia. The goodwill reflects the synergies and regional market penetration from combining the operations of these acquisitions with the Company's operations.

12


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Impact of Business Combinations
The operations of each of the business combinations in 2015 discussed above were included in the consolidated financial statements as of each of their respective acquisition dates. These business combinations had insignificant revenues and earnings as reported within the consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The following table presents their revenue and earnings as reported within the consolidated financial statements for the current period (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
Revenues:
 
 
Distribution
 
$
21

Advertising
 
13

Other
 
1

Total revenues
 
$
35

 
 
 
Net income
 
$
7


Dispositions
Russia
On October 7, 2015, Discovery recorded a loss of $5 million upon deconsolidation of its Russian business following its contribution to a joint venture (the “New Russian Business”) with a Russian media company, National Media Group ("NMG"). The New Russian Business was established to comply with changes in Russian legislation that limit foreign ownership of media companies in Russia. No cash consideration was exchanged in the transaction. NMG contributed a FTA license which enables advertising for the New Russian Business. As part of the transaction, Discovery obtained a 20% ownership interest in the New Russian Business, which is accounted for under the equity method of accounting. The loss on contribution of the Russian business included $15 million of goodwill allocated to the transaction based on the relative fair values of the Russian business disposed of and the portion of the reporting unit that was retained. Although Discovery no longer consolidates the Russian business, Discovery earns revenue by providing content and brands to the New Russian Business under long-term licensing arrangements. The Russian business was included in the International Networks reportable segment; the licensing arrangements are reported as distribution revenue in the International Networks reportable segment. (See Note 16.)
Radio
On June 30, 2015, Discovery sold its radio business in Northern Europe to Bauer Media Group ("Bauer") for total consideration, net of cash disposed, of €72 million ($80 million), which included €54 million ($61 million) in cash and €18 million ($19 million) of potential contingent consideration. The cumulative gain on the disposal is $1 million and includes $26 million of goodwill allocated to the transaction based on the relative fair values of the radio business disposed of and the portion of the reporting unit that was retained. Based on a change in estimate of the fair value of contingent consideration, Discovery recorded a pre-tax gain of $13 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016. For the year-ended December 31, 2015, the Company recorded an estimated loss on disposal of $12 million using then available projected results.
The Company determined that the disposal did not meet the definition of a discontinued operation because it does not represent a strategic shift that has a significant impact on the Company's operations and consolidated financial results. The impact to income before income taxes for the Company's radio businesses was a loss of $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015. The Company's radio businesses were part of the International Networks reportable segment.


13


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


NOTE 3. INVESTMENTS
The Company’s investments consisted of the following (in millions).
Category
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Trading securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mutual funds
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
153

 
$
149

Equity method investments
 
Equity method investments
 
529

 
567

Available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
55

 
81

Common stock - pledged
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
55

 
81

Cost method investments
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
47

 
43

Total investments
 
 
 
$
839

 
$
921

Trading Securities
Trading securities include investments in mutual funds held in a separate trust which are owned as part of the Company’s supplemental retirement plan. (See Note 4.)
Equity Method Investments
In the normal course of business, the Company makes investments that support its underlying business strategy and enable it to enter new markets and develop programming. All equity method investees are privately owned. The carrying values of the Company’s equity method investments are consistent with its ownership in the underlying net assets of the investees, except for Oprah Winfrey Network ("OWN"), because the Company has recorded losses in excess of its ownership interest. Certain of the Company's equity method investments are VIEs, for which the Company is not the primary beneficiary. As of March 31, 2016, the Company’s estimated risk of loss for all its VIEs including the investment carrying values, unfunded contractual commitments, and guarantees made on behalf of VIEs was approximately $416 million. The Company's estimated risk of loss excludes the non-contractual future funding of VIEs. The aggregate carrying values of these VIE investments were $410 million and $423 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The Company recognized its portion of net income and losses generated by VIE's of $8 million and $13 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
OWN
OWN is a pay-TV network and website that provides adult lifestyle content, which is focused on self-discovery, self-improvement and entertainment. Since the initial equity was not sufficient to fund OWN's activities without additional subordinated financial support in the form of a note receivable held by the Company, OWN is a VIE. While the Company and Harpo, Inc. ("Harpo") are partners who share equally in voting control, power is not shared because Harpo holds operational rights related to programming and marketing, as well as selection and retention of key management personnel, that significantly impact OWN’s economic performance. Accordingly, the Company has determined that it is not the primary beneficiary of OWN and accounts for its investment in OWN using the equity method. However, the Company provides OWN content licenses and services, such as distribution, sales and administrative support, for a fee and has provided OWN funding. (See Note 14.)
The Company's combined advances to and note receivable from OWN, including accrued interest, were $369 million and $384 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. On April 30, 2015, Oprah Winfrey agreed to extend her exclusivity agreement with OWN and the note receivable agreement was modified to reduce its interest rate, compounded annually, from 7.5% to 5.0%, retroactive to January 1, 2014. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company received net repayments of $20 million from OWN and accrued interest on the note receivable of $5 million.
The note receivable is secured by the net assets of OWN. While the Company has no further funding commitments, the Company will provide additional funding to OWN, if necessary, and expects to recoup amounts funded. There can be no event of default on the borrowing until 2023. However, borrowings are scheduled for repayment four years after the borrowing date to the extent that OWN has excess cash to repay the borrowings then due. Following such repayment, OWN’s subsequent cash distributions will be shared equally between the Company and Harpo.
In accordance with the venture agreement, losses generated by OWN are generally allocated to both investors based on their proportionate ownership interests. However, the Company has recorded its portion of OWN’s losses based upon accounting policies for equity method investments. Prior to the contribution of the Discovery Health network to OWN at its launch, the

14


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Company had recognized $104 million, or 100%, of OWN’s net losses. During the three months ended March 31, 2012, accumulated operating losses at OWN exceeded the equity contributed to OWN, and Discovery began again to record 100% of OWN’s net losses. Although OWN has become profitable, the Company will record 100% of any net losses to the extent they occur resulting from OWN's operations as long as Discovery has provided all funding to OWN and OWN’s accumulated losses continue to exceed the equity contributed. All of OWN's net income has been and will continue to be recorded by the Company until the Company recovers losses absorbed in excess of the Company's equity ownership interest. The carrying value of the Company’s investment in OWN of $363 million and $373 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, includes the Company's note receivable and accumulated investment losses. The Company monitors the financial results of OWN along with other relevant business information to assess the recoverability of the OWN note receivable. There has been no impairment of the OWN note receivable.
Based on the joint venture agreement, as amended on April 1, 2016, Harpo has the right to conditionally require the Company to purchase all or part of Harpo’s interest in OWN at fair market value up to a maximum put amount during 90-day windows beginning on April 1, 2017 and every two and a half years commencing July 1, 2018 through January 1, 2026. The maximum put amount ranges from $100 million on the first put exercise date up to a cumulative cap of $400 million on the fifth put exercise date. The Company has not recorded amounts for the put right because the fair value of this put right was zero as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
Other Equity Method Investments
Other equity method investments include equity ownership interests in unconsolidated entities other than OWN. At March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, these equity method investments included the Company's investments in the New Russian Business, All3Media and certain joint ventures in Canada.
Available-for-Sale Securities
On November 12, 2015, the Company acquired 5 million shares, or 3.4%, of Lions Gate Entertainment Corp. ("Lionsgate"), an entertainment company, for $195 million. As the shares have a readily determinable fair value and the Company has the intent to retain the investment, the shares are classified as AFS securities.
In connection with this transaction, the Company hedged 50% of the shares with an equity collar (the “Lionsgate Collar”) and pledged those shares as collateral to the derivative counter party. In the application of hedge accounting, when the share price of Lionsgate is within the boundaries of the collar and the hedge has no intrinsic value, the Company records the gains or losses on the Lionsgate AFS securities as a component of other comprehensive income (loss). When the share price of the Lionsgate AFS is outside the boundaries of the collar and the hedge has intrinsic value, the Company records a gain or loss for the change in the fair value of the hedged portion of Lionsgate shares that correspond to the change in intrinsic value of the hedge as a component of other expense, net. For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded a temporary unrealized loss of $52 million related to this investment, of which $26 million was recorded as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) and $26 million was recorded as a component of other expense, net. The Company also recorded a gain of $26 million for the increase in intrinsic value of the Lionsgate collar during the period. (See Note 7.)
The components of the Company's AFS securities, which are included in other non-current assets, are summarized in the table below (in millions).
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Cost
 
$
195

 
$
195

 
Unrealized losses
 
(85
)
 
(33
)
 
Fair Market Value
 
$
110

 
$
162

 
If declines in the value of AFS securities are determined to be other-than-temporary, a loss is recorded in earnings in the current period as a component of other expense, net on the consolidated statements of operations. Impairments are determined based on, among other factors, the length of time the fair value of the investment has been less than the carrying value, future business prospects for the investee, and information regarding market and industry trends for the investee’s business, if available. Unrealized losses related to our investment in Lionsgate shares represent 44% of our cost. The Company has owned the Lionsgate stock for a short period of time. Lionsgate share prices have historically been volatile, and the Company continues to believe in the long-term value of the investment. The Company does not intend to dispose of its Lionsgate shares for the foreseeable future. Based on current information, the Company anticipates that the fair value of its investment in Lionsgate will recover. Accordingly, the Company concluded that there were no unrealized losses that were other-than-temporary as of March 31, 2016. However, the Company continues to carefully monitor this investment.

15


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Cost Method Investments
Cost method investments include ownership rights in entities that do not provide the Company with control or significant influence in these investments and that have no readily determinable fair values. The Company's cost method investments as of March 31, 2016 primarily include an educational website and an electric car racing series.
NOTE 4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is defined as the amount that would be received for selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. Assets and liabilities carried at fair value are classified in the following three categories:
Level 1
Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2
Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.
Level 3
Valuations derived from techniques in which one or more significant inputs are unobservable.
The tables below present assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in millions).
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2016
Category
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trading securities - mutual funds
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
153

 
$

 
$

 
$
153

Available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
55

 

 

 
55

Common stock - pledged
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
55

 

 

 
55

Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 

 
23

 

 
23

Foreign exchange
 
Other noncurrent assets
 

 
4

 

 
4

Equity (Lionsgate Collar)
 
Other noncurrent assets
 

 
33

 

 
33

Total
 
 
 
$
263

 
$
60

 
$

 
$
323

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
153

 
$

 
$

 
$
153

Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Accrued liabilities
 

 
28

 

 
28

Foreign exchange
 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 

 
4

 

 
4

Total
 
 
 
$
153

 
$
32

 
$

 
$
185


16


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
Category
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trading securities - mutual funds
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
149

 
$

 
$

 
$
149

Available-for-sale securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
81

 

 

 
81

Common stock - pledged
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
81

 

 

 
81

Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 

 
21

 

 
21

Foreign exchange
 
Other noncurrent assets
 

 
2

 

 
2

Equity (Lionsgate Collar)
 
Other noncurrent assets
 

 
15

 

 
15

Total
 
 
 
$
311

 
$
38

 
$

 
$
349

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan
 
Accrued liabilities
 
$
149

 
$

 
$

 
$
149

Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Accrued liabilities
 

 
4

 

 
4

Total
 
 
 
$
149

 
$
4

 
$

 
$
153

Trading securities are comprised of investments in mutual funds held in a separate trust which are owned as part of the Company’s deferred compensation plan. The fair value of Level 1 trading securities was determined by reference to the quoted market price per unit in active markets multiplied by the number of units held without consideration of transaction costs. The fair value of the deferred compensation plan liability was determined based on the fair value of the related investments elected by employees.
AFS securities represent equity investments with readily determinable fair values. The fair value of Level 1 AFS securities was determined by reference to the quoted market price per unit in active markets multiplied by the number of units held without consideration of transaction costs. (See Note 3).
Derivative financial instruments are comprised of foreign exchange contracts and equity used by the Company to modify its exposure to market risks from foreign exchange rates and changes in the fair value of AFS securities. Periodically, interest rate contracts are used to modify exposure to market risks from interest rates for forecasted issuances of debt. The fair value of Level 2 derivative financial instruments was determined using a market-based approach.
In addition to the financial instruments listed in the tables above, the Company holds other financial instruments, including cash deposits, accounts receivable, accounts payable, commercial paper, borrowings under the revolving credit facility, capital leases and senior notes. The carrying values for such financial instruments, other than the senior notes, each approximated their fair values as of March 31, 2016. The estimated fair value of the Company’s outstanding senior notes using quoted prices from over the counter markets, considered Level 2 inputs, was $7.4 billion and $6.6 billion as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

17


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


NOTE 5. CONTENT RIGHTS
The table below presents the components of content rights (in millions). 
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Produced content rights:
 
 
 
 
Completed
 
$
3,711

 
$
3,624

In-production
 
386

 
376

Coproduced content rights:
 
 
 
 
Completed
 
707

 
691

In-production
 
39

 
62

Licensed content rights:
 
 
 
 
Acquired
 
1,099

 
1,078

Prepaid
 
120

 
96

Content rights, at cost
 
6,062

 
5,927

Accumulated amortization
 
(3,681
)
 
(3,584
)
Total content rights, net
 
2,381

 
2,343

Current portion
 
(352
)
 
(313
)
Noncurrent portion
 
$
2,029

 
$
2,030

Content expense is included in costs of revenues on the consolidated statements of operations and consisted of the following (in millions).
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Content amortization
 
$
435

 
$
403

Other production charges
 
59

 
53

Content impairments
 
6

 
4

Total content expense
 
$
500

 
$
460



18


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


NOTE 6. DEBT
The table below presents the components of outstanding debt (in millions).
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
5.625% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due August 2019
 
$
500

 
$
500

5.05% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due June 2020
 
1,300

 
1,300

4.375% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due June 2021
 
650

 
650

2.375% Senior notes, euro denominated, annual interest, due March 2022
 
339

 
328

3.30% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due May 2022
 
500

 
500

3.25% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due April 2023
 
350

 
350

3.45% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due March 2025
 
300

 
300

4.90% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due March 2026
 
500

 

1.90% Senior notes, euro denominated, annual interest, due March 2027
 
678

 
656

6.35% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due June 2040
 
850

 
850

4.95% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due May 2042
 
500

 
500

4.875% Senior notes, semi-annual interest, due April 2043
 
850

 
850

Revolving credit facility
 
614

 
782

Commercial paper
 

 
93

Capital lease obligations
 
130

 
142

Total debt
 
8,061

 
7,801

Unamortized discount and debt issuance costs
 
(71
)
 
(66
)
Debt, net
 
7,990

 
7,735

Current portion of debt
 
(25
)
 
(119
)
Noncurrent portion of debt
 
$
7,965

 
$
7,616

Senior Notes
On March 11, 2016, Discovery Communications, LLC ("DCL"), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, issued $500 million principal amount of 4.90% senior notes due March 11, 2026 (the "2016 USD Notes"). The proceeds received by DCL from the offering were net of a $2 million issuance discount and $3 million of debt issuance costs. Interest on the 2016 USD Notes is payable semi-annually on March 11 and September 11 of each year.
Revolving Credit Facility
On February 4, 2016, DCL amended its $1.5 billion revolving credit facility to allow DCL and certain designated foreign subsidiaries of DCL to borrow up to $2.0 billion, including a $100 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and a $50 million sublimit for swingline loans. Borrowing capacity under this agreement is reduced by any outstanding borrowings under the commercial paper program discussed below. The revolving credit facility agreement provides for a maturity date of February 4, 2021 and the option for up to two additional 364-day renewal periods.
As of March 31, 2016, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility of $614 million at a weighted average interest rate of 2.00%, of which $14 million was denominated in foreign currencies. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility of $782 million at a weighted average interest rate of 1.55% of which $14 million was denominated in foreign currencies. The interest rate on borrowings under the revolving credit facility is variable based on DCL's then-current credit ratings for its publicly traded debt and changes in financial index rates. For dollar-denominated borrowings, the interest rate is based, at the Company's option, on either adjusted LIBOR plus a margin, or an alternate base rate plus a margin. For borrowings denominated in foreign currencies, the interest rate is based on adjusted LIBOR, plus a margin. The current margins are 1.10% and 0.10%, respectively, per annum for adjusted LIBOR and alternate base rate borrowings. A monthly facility fee is charged based on the total capacity of the facility, and interest is charged based on the amount borrowed on the facility. The current facility fee rate is 0.15% per annum and subject to change based on DCL's then-current credit ratings. All obligations of DCL and the other borrowers under the revolving credit facility are unsecured and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Discovery.

19


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The credit agreement governing the revolving credit facility contains customary representations, warranties and events of default, as well as affirmative and negative covenants. As of March 31, 2016, the Company, DCL and the other borrowers were in compliance with all covenants, and there were no events of default under the revolving credit facility.
Commercial Paper
The Company's commercial paper program is supported by the revolving credit facility described above. The Company did not have any outstanding commercial paper borrowings as of March 31, 2016. As of December 31, 2015, the Company had outstanding commercial paper borrowings of $93 million with a weighted average interest rate of approximately 1.10%.
NOTE 7. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company uses derivative financial instruments to modify its exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and the fair value of investments classified as AFS securities. The Company does not enter into or hold derivative financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.
The Company designates foreign currency forward and option contracts as cash flow hedges to mitigate foreign currency risk arising from third-party revenue and inter-company licensing agreements. The Company also designates interest rate contracts used to hedge the pricing for certain senior notes as cash flow hedges. Gains and losses on the effective portion of designated cash flow hedges are initially recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets and reclassified into the statements of operations in the same line item in which the hedged item is recorded in the same period as the hedged item affects earnings. If it becomes probable that a forecasted transaction will not occur, any related gains and losses recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss on the consolidated balance sheets are reclassified to other expense, net on the consolidated statements of operations in that period.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company terminated and settled its interest rate cash flow hedges following the pricing of its 3.45% Senior Notes due March 15, 2015 (the "2015 USD Notes"). The total notional value of the interest rate forward contracts at the termination date was $490 million, which exceeded the $300 million principal amount of the 2015 USD Notes. Of the $40 million pretax loss recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss at the termination date, $29 million was an effective cash flow hedge that will be amortized as an adjustment to interest expense over the ten year term of the 2015 USD Notes consistent with amortization of the debt discount. The remaining $11 million was reclassified into other expense, net on the consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended March 31, 2015, because the forecasted borrowing transaction was no longer probable.
The Company designates derivative instruments used to mitigate the risk of changes in the fair value of its AFS securities as fair value hedges. On November 12, 2015 the Company entered into the Lionsgate Collar, designed to mitigate the risk of market fluctuations with respect to 50% of the Lionsgate shares held by the Company. (See Note 3.) The collar, which qualifies for hedge accounting, settles in three tranches starting in 2019 and ending in 2022. The Company records gains and losses from the Lionsgate Collar in other expense, net on the consolidated statement of operations.
The Company records all unsettled derivative contracts at their gross fair values on the consolidated balance sheets. (See Note 4.) There were no amounts eligible to be offset under master netting agreements as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
The cash flows from the effective portion of derivative instruments used as hedges are classified in the consolidated statements of cash flows in the same section as the cash flows from the hedged item. For example, the cash paid or received to settle the effective portion of foreign exchange derivatives intended to hedge distribution revenue earned during the three months ended March 31, 2016 is reported as an operating activity in the consolidated statements of cash flows consistent with the classification of cash received from customers. The cash flows from the ineffective portion of derivative instruments used as hedges and derivative contracts not designated as hedges are reported as investing activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows.

20


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The following table summarizes the notional amount and fair value of the Company's derivative positions (in millions).
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Category
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Notional
 
Fair Value
 
Notional
 
Fair Value
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
408

 
$
23

 
$
523

 
$
21

Foreign exchange
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
90

 
4

 
55

 
2

Foreign exchange
 
Accrued liabilities
 
405

 
28

 
290

 
4

Foreign exchange
 
Other noncurrent liabilities
 
89

 
4

 

 

Equity
 
Other noncurrent assets
 
97

 
33

 
97

 
15

Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
4

 

 

 

The following table presents the pretax impact of derivatives designated as cash flow hedges on income and other comprehensive income (loss) (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
(Losses) gains recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange
 
$
(21
)
 
$
26

Interest rate
 

 
(12
)
Gains (losses) reclassified into income from accumulated other comprehensive loss (effective portion):
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange - distribution revenue
 
1

 
3

Foreign exchange - costs of revenues
 
4

 
2

Foreign exchange - other expense, net
 
1

 
1

Interest rate - interest expense
 
(1
)
 

Losses reclassified into income from accumulated other comprehensive loss (ineffective portion):
 
 
 
 
Interest rate - other expense, net
 

 
(11
)
Fair value excluded from effectiveness assessment:
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange - other expense, net
 
(1
)
 

If current fair values as of March 31, 2016 remained static over the next twelve months, the Company would reclassify $12 million of net deferred losses from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income in the next twelve months.
The following table presents the pretax impact of derivatives designated as fair value hedges on income, including offsetting changes in fair value of the hedged items and amounts excluded from the assessment of effectiveness (in millions). There were no amounts of ineffectiveness recognized on fair value hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2016. The Company had no outstanding fair value hedges during the three months ended March 31, 2015.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
Losses on changes in fair value of hedged AFS
 
$
(26
)
Gains on changes in the intrinsic value of equity contracts
 
26

Fair value of equity contracts excluded from effectiveness assessment
 
(8
)
Total in other expense, net
 
$
(8
)

21


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The pre-tax impact of derivatives not designated as hedges was immaterial to the Company's statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016. There were no derivatives not designated as hedges outstanding during the three months ended March 31, 2015.
NOTE 8. REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
Redeemable noncontrolling interests reflected as of the balance sheet date are the greater of the noncontrolling interest balances adjusted for comprehensive income items and distributions or the redemption values remeasured at the period end foreign exchange rates (i.e., the "floor"). Adjustments to the carrying amount of redeemable noncontrolling interests to redemption value as a result of changes in exchange rates are reflected in currency translation adjustments, a component of other comprehensive income (loss); however, such currency translation adjustments to redemption value are allocated to Discovery stockholders only. Redeemable noncontrolling interest adjustments of redemption value to the floor are reflected in retained earnings. Any adjustment of redemption value to the floor that reflects a redemption in excess of fair value is included as an adjustment to net income available to Discovery stockholders in the calculation of earnings per share. There were no current period adjustments to reflect a redemption in excess of fair value. (See Note 12.)
The table below presents the reconciliation of changes in redeemable noncontrolling interests (in millions). 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Beginning balance
 
$
241

 
$
747

Initial fair value of redeemable noncontrolling interests of acquired businesses
 

 
60

Cash distributions to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(2
)
 

Comprehensive income adjustments:
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
6

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
1

 
(35
)
Currency translation on redemption values
 
2

 
(59
)
Retained earnings adjustments:
 
 
 
 
Adjustments of redemption values to the floor
 

 
39

Ending balance
 
$
248

 
$
752

Redeemable noncontrolling interests consist of the following arrangements:
In connection with the acquisition of a controlling interest in Eurosport France on March 31, 2015, the Company recognized $60 million for TF1's 49% redeemable noncontrolling interest. On July 22, 2015, TF1 exercised its right to put the entirety of its remaining 49% noncontrolling interest in both Eurosport France and Eurosport International to the Company for €491 million ($551 million as of the date redemption became mandatory, and $548 million on October 1, 2015 when the transaction closed). The difference between the carrying amount of the redeemable noncontrolling interest and its fair value at the date of exercise resulted in a €25 million ($28 million) adjustment to retained earnings, recognized as a component of redeemable noncontrolling interest adjustments to redemption value in the consolidated statements of equity for the period ended September 30, 2015. Upon acquisition of TF1's noncontrolling interest on October 1, 2015, the Company adjusted the accumulated other comprehensive income balance of $61 million attributable to TF1 and allocated it to Discovery stockholders.
In connection with the acquisition of a controlling interest in Discovery Family on September 23, 2014, the Company recognized $238 million for Hasbro's redeemable noncontrolling interest in Discovery Family. Hasbro has the right to put the entirety of its remaining 40% non-controlling interest to the Company for one year after December 31, 2021, or in the event a Discovery performance obligation related to Discovery Family is not met. Embedded in the redeemable noncontrolling interest is also a Discovery call right that is exercisable for one year after December 31, 2021. Upon the exercise of the put or call options, the price to be paid for the redeemable noncontrolling interest is generally a function of the then-current fair market value of the redeemable noncontrolling interest, to which certain discounts and floor values may apply in specified situations depending upon the party exercising the put or call and the basis for the exercise of the put or call. As Hasbro's put right is outside the control of the Company, Hasbro's 40% noncontrolling interest is presented as redeemable noncontrolling interest outside of permanent equity on the Company's consolidated balance sheet.

22


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


In connection with the acquisition of a controlling interest in Discovery Japan on January 10, 2013, Jupiter Telecommunications Co., Ltd ("J:COM") obtained the right to put all, but not less than all, of its 20% noncontrolling interest to Discovery at any time for cash. Through January 10, 2017, the redemption value is the January 10, 2013 fair value denominated in Japanese yen; thereafter, the redemption value is the greater of the then-current fair value or the January 10, 2013 fair value denominated in Japanese yen.
NOTE 9. EQUITY
Common Stock Repurchase Program
Under the Company's stock repurchase program, management is authorized to purchase shares of the Company's common stock from time to time through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions at prevailing prices, pursuant to one or more accelerated stock repurchase agreements, or other derivative arrangements as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements, and subject to stock price, business and market conditions and other factors. Over the life of the program, authorization under the stock repurchase program has totaled $7.5 billion. As of March 31, 2016, the Company had remaining authorization of $1.8 billion for future repurchases under the existing stock repurchase program, which will expire on October 8, 2017.
All common stock repurchases have been made through open market transactions and repurchased common stock has been recorded as treasury stock on the consolidated balance sheet. As of March 31, 2016, the Company had repurchased over the life of the program 3 million and 123 million shares of Series A and Series C common stock, respectively, for the aggregate purchase price of $171 million and $5.5 billion, respectively. The table below presents a summary of common stock repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Series C Common Stock:
 
 
 
 
Shares repurchased
 
8.4

 
6.4

Purchase price
 
$
214

 
$
200

Preferred Stock Repurchase and Conversion
The Company has an agreement with Advance/Newhouse Programming Partnership (“Advance/Newhouse”) to repurchase, on a quarterly basis, a number of shares of Series C convertible preferred stock convertible into a number of shares of Series C common stock equal to 3/7 of the number of shares of Series C common stock purchased under the Company’s common stock repurchase program during the then most recently completed fiscal quarter. The price paid per preferred share is calculated as 99% of the average price paid for the Series C common shares repurchased by the Company during the applicable fiscal quarter multiplied by the Series C conversion rate. The Series C preferred stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into two shares of Series C common stock. The Advance/Newhouse repurchases are made outside of the Company’s publicly announced common stock repurchase program. The repurchase transactions are recorded as a decrease of par value of preferred stock and retained earnings upon settlement as there is no remaining additional paid-in capital for this class of stock.
The table below presents a summary of Series C convertible preferred stock repurchases during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Series C Convertible Preferred Stock:
 
 
 
 
Shares repurchased
 
2.9

 
1.7

Purchase price
 
$
159

 
$
117

Based on the number of shares of Series C common stock repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company expects to convert and retire 1.8 million shares of its Series C convertible preferred shares under the preferred stock conversion and repurchase arrangement for an aggregate purchase price of $91 million or about May 9, 2016. The expected purchase of these shares has not been recognized as a liability on the Company's consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2016,

23


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


due to certain termination rights held by Discovery and Advance/Newhouse in the preferred stock conversion and repurchase arrangement.
In addition, on February 25, 2016, at the request of Advance/Newhouse and in accordance with the Company's Articles of Incorporation, the Company converted 292,500 shares of Advance/Newhouse Series C convertible preferred stock into 585,000 shares of Series C common stock.
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The table below presents the tax effects related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassifications made into the consolidated statements of operations (in millions).
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
 

Pretax
 
Tax
Benefit (Expense)
 

Net-of-tax
 

Pretax
 
Tax
Benefit (Expense)
 

Net-of-tax
Currency translation adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses)
$
50

 
$
8

 
$
58

 
$
(265
)
 
$
11

 
$
(254
)
Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expense, net

 

 

 
6

 

 
6

Total currency translation adjustments
50

 
8

 
58

 
(259
)
 
11

 
(248
)
Market value adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized losses

(52
)
 
10

 
(42
)
 

 

 

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expense, net
26

 
(5
)
 
21

 

 

 

Total market value adjustments
(26
)
 
5

 
(21
)
 

 

 

Derivative adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized (losses) gains
(21
)
 
8

 
(13
)
 
14

 
(6
)
 
8

Reclassifications:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distribution revenue
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
(3
)
 
1

 
(2
)
Costs of revenues
(4
)
 
1

 
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
1

 
(1
)
Other expense, net
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
10

 
(3
)
 
7

Interest expense
1

 

 
1

 

 

 

Total derivative adjustments
(26
)
 
9

 
(17
)
 
19

 
(7
)
 
12

Other comprehensive income (loss)
$
(2
)
 
$
22

 
$
20

 
$
(240
)
 
$
4

 
$
(236
)

24


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The table below presents the changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of taxes (in millions).
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Market
Value
Adjustments
 
Derivative Adjustments
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Beginning balance
$
(606
)
 
$
(27
)
 
$

 
$
(633
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
58

 
(42
)
 
(13
)
 
3

Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net income

 
21

 
(4
)
 
17

Other comprehensive income (loss)
58

 
(21
)
 
(17
)
 
20

Other comprehensive income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
(1
)
 

 

 
(1
)
Ending balance
$
(549
)
 
$
(48
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
(614
)

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Market
Value
Adjustments
 
Derivative Adjustments
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
Beginning balance
$
(367
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
1

 
$
(368
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(254
)
 

 
8

 
(246
)
Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net income
6

 

 
4

 
10

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(248
)
 

 
12

 
(236
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
35

 

 

 
35

Ending balance
$
(580
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
13

 
$
(569
)

NOTE 10. EQUITY-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company has various incentive plans under which stock options, time-based restricted stock units ("RSUs"), performance-based restricted stock units ("PRSUs"), stock appreciation rights ("SARs") and unit awards have been issued. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the vesting and service requirements of equity-based awards granted were consistent with the arrangements disclosed in the 2015 Form 10-K.

25


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The table below presents the components of equity-based compensation expense (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
PRSUs
 
$
9

 
$
2

RSUs
 
6

 
4

Stock options
 
5

 
5

SARs
 
4

 
(8
)
ESPP
 

 
1

Unit awards
 

 
(2
)
Total equity-based compensation expense
 
$
24

 
$
2

Tax benefit recognized
 
$
9

 
$
1

Compensation expense for all awards was recorded in selling, general and administrative expense on the consolidated statements of operations. The Company records expense for the fair value of cash-settled and other liability-classified equity-based compensation awards ratably over the graded vesting service period based on changes in fair value as well as the the probability that performance targets will be met, if applicable, less estimated forfeitures. These liability-classified equity-based compensation awards include SARs, unit awards and certain PRSUs. The table below presents current and non-current portions of cash-settled and other liability-classified equity-based compensation awards for the periods ending March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 (in millions).
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Current portion of liability-classified awards:
 
 
 
 
     PRSUs
 
$
21

 
$

     SARs
 
3

 
5

Non-current portion of liability-classified awards:
 
 
 
 
     PRSUs
 
34

 
46

     SARs
 
4

 
3

Total liability-classified equity based compensation award liability
 
$
62

 
$
54


The table below presents award activity (in millions, except weighted-average exercise price) for PRSUs, RSUs and SARs.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
 
Awards
 
Weighted-Average Grant Price
Awards granted:
 
 
 
 
     PRSUs
 
0.9

 
$
25.08

     RSUs
 
1.4

 
$
25.11

     SARs
 
2.4

 
$
25.76

Awards converted or settled:
 
 
 
 
     PRSUs
 
0.6

 
$
22.32

     RSUs
 
0.3

 
$
33.71

     SARs
 
0.9

 
$
20.66






26


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The table below presents stock option activity (in millions, except weighted-average exercise price).
 
 
Stock Options
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Outstanding as of December 31, 2015
 
15.3

 
$
24.01

Granted
 
2.3

 
$
25.24

Exercised
 
(0.3
)
 
$
15.18

Forfeited
 
(0.3
)
 
$
35.26

Outstanding as of March 31, 2016
 
17.0

 
 

The table below presents unrecognized compensation cost, net of expected forfeitures, related to non-vested equity-based awards and the weighted average amortization period over which these expenses will be recognized as of March 31, 2016 (in millions, except years).
 
 
Unrecognized Compensation Cost, Net of Expected Forfeitures
 
Weighted Average Amortization Period
(years)
RSUs
 
$
63

 
3.4
PRSUs
 
41

 
1.5
Stock options
 
40

 
2.6
SARs
 
17

 
1.5
Total unrecognized compensation cost, net of expected forfeitures
 
$
161

 

NOTE 11. INCOME TAXES
The Company's provisions for income taxes were $111 million and $125 million, and the effective income tax rates were 29% and 33%, for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The following table reconciles the Company's effective income tax rate to the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate of 35%.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
U.S. federal statutory income tax rate
 
35
 %
 
35
 %
State and local income taxes, net of federal tax benefit
 
2
 %
 
2
 %
Effect of foreign operations
 
(4
)%
 
 %
Domestic production activity deductions
 
(4
)%
 
(4
)%
Effective income tax rate
 
29
 %
 
33
 %
The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. and various state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is currently under limited issue examination by the IRS for its 2008 to 2011 tax years and under audit for its 2012 to 2014 consolidated federal income tax returns. The Company does not anticipate any material adjustments. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to audit by any jurisdiction for years prior to 2006. Adjustments that arose as the audits for certain tax years were completed have been included in change in uncertain tax positions in the table above.
The Company's reserves for uncertain tax positions at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 totaled $179 million and $173 million, respectively. It is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits related to certain of the Company's uncertain tax positions could decrease by as much as $78 million within the next twelve months as a result of ongoing audits, lapses of statutes of limitations or regulatory developments.

27


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had accrued approximately $21 million and $20 million of total interest and penalties payable related to unrecognized tax benefits, respectively. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense.
NOTE 12. EARNINGS PER SHARE
In calculating earnings per share, the Company follows the two-class method, which distinguishes between the classes of securities based on the proportionate participation rights of each security type in the Company's undistributed income. The Company's Series A, B and C common stock and the Series C convertible preferred stock are treated as one class for purposes of applying the two-class method, because they have substantially equal rights and share equally on an as converted basis with respect to income available to Discovery Communications, Inc.
The table below sets forth the computation for income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. stockholders (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
269

 
$
250

Less:
 
 
 
 
Allocation of undistributed income to Series A convertible preferred stock
 
(59
)
 
(53
)
Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests
 
(6
)
 

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common and Series C convertible preferred stockholders for basic net income per share
 
$
204

 
$
197

 
 
 
 
 
Allocation of net income available to Discovery Communications Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders and Series C convertible preferred stockholders for basic net income per share:
 
 
 
 
Series A, B and C common stockholders
 
173

 
166

Series C convertible preferred stockholders
 
31

 
31

Total
 
204

 
197

Add:
 
 
 
 
Allocation of undistributed income to Series A convertible preferred stockholders
 
59

 
53

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders for diluted net income per share
 
$
263

 
$
250

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series C convertible preferred stockholders for diluted net income per share is included in net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders for diluted net income per share. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series C convertible preferred stockholders for diluted net income per share was $30 million.
The table below sets forth the weighted average number of shares outstanding utilized in determining the denominator for basic and diluted earnings per share (in millions).
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
Weighted average Series A, B and C common shares outstanding — basic
 
413

 
439

Weighted average impact of assumed preferred stock conversion
 
214

 
223

Weighted average dilutive effect of equity-based awards
 
3

 
5

Weighted average Series A, B and C common shares outstanding — diluted
 
630

 
667

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average Series C convertible preferred stock outstanding — basic and diluted
 
36

 
41


28


DISCOVERY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)


The weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding adjusts the weighted average number of shares of Series A, B and C common stock outstanding for the potential dilution that would occur if common stock equivalents, including convertible preferred stock and equity-based awards, were converted into common stock or exercised, calculated using the treasury stock method. Series A, B and C diluted common stock includes the impact of the conversion of Series A preferred stock, the impact of the conversion of Series C preferred stock, and the impact of equity-based compensation.
The table below sets forth the Company's calculated earnings per share.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Basic net income per share available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common and Series C convertible preferred stockholders:
 
 
 
 
Series A, B and C common stockholders

$
0.42


$
0.38

Series C convertible preferred stockholders
 
$
0.84

 
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