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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2015

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

 

 

CU BANCORP

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Commission File Number 001-35683

 

California   90-0779788
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
818 West 7th Street, Suite 220
Los Angeles, California
  90017
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(213) 430-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x     No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer   ¨    Accelerated Filer   x
Non-Accelerated Filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of August 4, 2015 the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s no par value Common Stock was 16,892,559.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

CU BANCORP

June 30, 2015 FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

ITEM 1.

  

Financial Statements

  

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets June 30, 2015 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2014

     3   
  

Consolidated Statements of Income Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)

     4   
  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)

     5   
  

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 (Unaudited)

     6   
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)

     7   
  

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

     8   

ITEM 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      40   
   Overview      41   
   Results of Operations      46   
   Financial Condition      56   
   Liquidity      61   
   Dividends      63   
   Capital Resources      64   

ITEM 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      67   

ITEM 4.

   Controls and Procedures      68   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

ITEM 1.

   Legal Proceedings      69   

ITEM 1A.

   Risk Factors      69   

ITEM 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      69   

ITEM 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities      69   

ITEM 4.

   Mine Safety Disclosures      69   

ITEM 5.

   Other Information      69   

ITEM 6.

   Exhibits      69   

Signatures

        70   

 

Page 2 of 70


Table of Contents

CU BANCORP

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except share data)

 

     June 30,
2015
    December 31,
2014
 
     (Unaudited)     (Audited)  

ASSETS

    

Cash and due from banks

   $ 60,632      $ 33,996   

Interest earning deposits in other financial institutions

     207,448        98,590   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Cash and Cash Equivalents

     268,080        132,586   

Certificates of deposit in other financial institutions

     62,594        76,433   

Investment securities available-for-sale, at fair value

     217,481        226,962   

Investment securities held-to-maturity, at amortized cost

     44,014        47,147   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment securities

     261,495        274,109   

Loans

     1,713,004        1,624,723   

Allowance for loan loss

     (14,124     (12,610
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loans

     1,698,880        1,612,113   

Premises and equipment, net

     5,190        5,377   

Deferred tax assets, net

     16,241        16,504   

Other real estate owned, net

     850        850   

Goodwill

     63,950        63,950   

Core deposit and leasehold right intangibles

     8,608        9,547   

Bank owned life insurance

     49,345        38,732   

Accrued interest receivable and other assets

     35,580        34,916   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 2,470,813      $ 2,265,117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

LIABILITIES

    

Non-interest bearing demand deposits

   $ 1,134,724      $ 1,032,634   

Interest bearing transaction accounts

     251,999        206,544   

Money market and savings deposits

     691,219        643,675   

Certificates of deposit

     59,576        64,840   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deposits

     2,137,518        1,947,693   

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     14,424        9,411   

Subordinated debentures, net

     9,618        9,538   

Accrued interest payable and other liabilities

     18,647        19,283   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     2,180,207        1,985,925   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Commitments and Contingencies (Note 14)

    

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Serial Preferred Stock – authorized, 50,000,000 shares:

Series A, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock, $1,000 per share liquidation preference, 16,400 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively

     16,487        16,004   

Common stock – authorized, 75,000,000 shares no par value, 16,840,859 shares issued and 16,880,859 shares outstanding at June 30, 2015, and 16,683,856 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014

     227,409        226,389   

Additional paid-in capital

     21,015        19,748   

Retained earnings

     25,743        16,861   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (48     190   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

     290,606        279,192   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 2,470,813      $ 2,265,117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 3 of 70


Table of Contents

CU BANCORP

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Three Months
Ended
June 30,
     Six Months
Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Interest Income

           

Interest and fees on loans

   $ 20,644       $ 12,366       $ 40,550       $ 24,290   

Interest on investment securities

     1,051         467         2,231         968   

Interest on interest bearing deposits in other financial institutions

     246         206         448         417   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Interest Income

     21,941         13,039         43,229         25,675   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest Expense

           

Interest on interest bearing transaction accounts

     98         66         198         124   

Interest on money market and savings deposits

     408         222         791         456   

Interest on certificates of deposit

     46         55         97         111   

Interest on securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     7         11         12         19   

Interest on subordinated debentures

     109         107         216         214   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Interest Expense

     668         461         1,314         924   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Interest Income

     21,273         12,578         41,915         24,751   

Provision for loan losses

     683         408         2,126         483   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Interest Income After Provision For Loan Losses

     20,590         12,170         39,789         24,268   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-Interest Income

           

Gain on sale of SBA loans, net

     215         167         638         605   

Deposit account service charge income

     1,153         630         2,294         1,260   

Other non-interest income

     1,727         986         2,771         1,708   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Non-Interest Income

     3,095         1,783         5,703         3,573   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Non-Interest Expense

           

Salaries and employee benefits (includes stock based compensation expense of $807 and $479 for the three months, and $1,320 and $887 for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively)

     9,280         5,807         18,431         11,820   

Occupancy

     1,415         985         2,835         1,971   

Data processing

     635         476         1,276         951   

Legal and professional

     656         411         1,502         934   

FDIC deposit assessment

     351         180         684         401   

Merger expenses

     112         497         352         497   

OREO expenses

     20         6         26         6   

Office services expenses

     407         238         821         502   

Other operating expenses

     2,036         1,098         3,898         2,165   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Non-Interest Expense

     14,912         9,698         29,825         19,247   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Income Before Provision for Income Tax Expense

     8,773         4,255         15,667         8,594   

Provision for income tax expense

     3,506         1,869         6,201         3,542   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Income

   $ 5,267       $ 2,386       $ 9,466       $ 5,052   

Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     312           —         584         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Income available to common shareholders

   $ 4,955       $ 2,386       $ 8,882       $ 5,052   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings Per Share

           

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.30       $ 0.22       $ 0.54       $ 0.46   

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.29       $ 0.21       $ 0.53       $ 0.45   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 4 of 70


Table of Contents

CU BANCORP

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015     2014      2015     2014  

Net Income

   $ 5,267      $ 2,386       $ 9,466      $ 5,052   

Other Comprehensive Income, net of tax:

         

Net unrealized (losses) gains on investment securities arising during the period

     (749     242         (238     400   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     (749     242         (238     400   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive Income

   $ 4,518      $ 2,628       $ 9,228      $ 5,452   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 5 of 70


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CU BANCORP

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2015

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Preferred Stock      Common Stock                           
     Outstanding
Shares
     Amount      Outstanding
Shares
    Amount      Additional
Paid in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 

Balance at December 31, 2014

     16,400       $ 16,004         16,683,856      $ 226,389       $ 19,748      $ 16,861      $ 190      $ 279,192   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Issuance of restricted stock

     —           —           68,875        —           —          —          —          —     

Exercise of stock options

     —           —           112,115        1,020         —          —          —          1,020   

Stock based compensation expense related to employee stock options and restricted stock

     —           —           —          —           1,320        —          —          1,320   

Restricted stock repurchase

     —           —           (23,987     —           (504     —          —          (504

Excess tax benefit – stock based compensation

     —           —           —          —           451        —          —          451   

Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     —           483         —          —           —          (584     —          (101

Net Income

     —           —           —          —           —          9,466        —          9,466   

Other Comprehensive Loss

     —           —           —          —           —          —          (238     (238
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2015

     16,400       $ 16,487         16,840,859      $ 227,409       $ 21,015      $ 25,743      $ (48   $ 290,606   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 6 of 70


Table of Contents

CU BANCORP

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015     2014  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income:

   $ 9,466      $ 5,052   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Provision for loan losses

     2,126        483   

Provision for unfunded loan commitments

     87        73   

Stock based compensation expense

     1,320        887   

Depreciation

     702        479   

Net accretion of discounts/premiums for loans acquired and deferred loan fees/costs

     (4,121     (2,690

Net amortization from investment securities

     1,536        779   

Increase in bank owned life insurance

     (613     (307

Amortization of core deposit intangibles

     842        138   

Amortization of time deposit premium

     (10     (13

Net amortization of leasehold right intangible asset and liabilities

     7        151   

Accretion of subordinated debenture discount

     80        80   

Gain on sale of SBA loans, net

     (638     (605

Decrease in deferred tax assets

     435        538   

(Increase) decrease in accrued interest receivable and other assets

     (664     2,009   

Decrease in accrued interest payable and other liabilities

     (395     (125

Net excess in tax benefit on stock compensation

     (451     (332

Increase (decrease) in fair value of derivative swap liability

     213        (394
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     9,922        6,203   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchases of available-for-sale investment securities

     (9,112     (6,215

Proceeds from repayment and maturities from investment securities

     19,780        10,460   

Loans originated, net of principal payments

     (84,134     (43,422

Purchases of premises and equipment

     (515     (733

Net decrease (increase) in certificates of deposit in other financial institutions

     13,839        (4,270

Purchase of bank owned life insurance

     (10,000     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) investing activities

     (70,142     (44,180
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Net increase in Non-interest bearing demand deposits

     102,090        50,108   

Net increase (decrease) in Interest bearing transaction accounts

     45,455        (12,423

Net increase (decrease) in Money market and savings deposits

     47,544        (18,979

Net decrease in Certificates of deposit

     (5,254     (5,836

Net increase in Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     5,013        2,711   

Net proceeds from stock options exercised

     1,020        1,085   

Restricted stock repurchase

     (504     (242

Dividends paid on preferred stock

     (101     —     

Net excess in tax benefit on stock compensation

     451        332   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     195,714        16,756   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     135,494        (21,221

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     132,586        241,287   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 268,080      $ 220,066   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

    

Cash paid during the period for interest

   $ 1,348      $ 849   

Cash paid during the period for taxes

   $ 4,060      $ 750   

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing activities:

    

Net increase (decrease) in unrealized gain or loss on investment securities, net of tax

   $ (238   $ 400   

Loans transferred to other real estate owned

   $ 850      $ 219   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

 

Page 7 of 70


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CU BANCORP

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2015

(Unaudited)

Note 1 - Basis of Financial Statement Presentation

CU Bancorp (the “Company”) is a bank holding company whose operating subsidiary is California United Bank. CU Bancorp was established to facilitate the reorganization and merger of Premier Commercial Bank, N.A. into California United Bank, which took place after the close of business on July 31, 2012. As a bank holding company, CU Bancorp is subject to regulation of the Federal Reserve Board (“FRB”). The term “Company”, as used throughout this document, refers to the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of income of CU Bancorp and California United Bank.

California United Bank (the “Bank”) is a full-service commercial business bank offering a broad range of banking products and services including: deposit services, lending and cash management to small and medium-sized businesses, to non-profit organizations, to business principals and entrepreneurs, to the professional community, including attorneys, certified public accountants, financial advisors, healthcare providers and investors. The Bank opened for business in 2005, with its current headquarters office located in Los Angeles, California. As a state chartered non-member bank, the Bank is subject to regulation by the California Department of Business Oversight, (the “DBO”) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The deposits of the Bank are insured by the FDIC, to the maximum amount allowed by law.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and the Bank. Significant intercompany items have been eliminated in consolidation. The accounting and reporting policies of the Company conform to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.

CU Bancorp is the common shareholder of Premier Commercial Statutory Trust I, Premier Commercial Statutory Trust II, and Premier Commercial Statutory Trust III, entities which were acquired in the merger with Premier Commercial Bancorp (“PC Bancorp”). These trusts were established for the sole purpose of issuing trust preferred securities and do not meet the criteria for consolidation in accordance with ASC 810 Consolidation. For more detail, see Note 9 – Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures.

Certain information and footnote disclosures presented in the annual consolidated financial statements are not included in the interim consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all necessary adjustments of a normal recurring nature, to present fairly the consolidated financial position of the Company and the results of its operations for the interim period presented.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. In addition, these accounting principles require the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements.

Estimates that are particularly susceptible to significant change relate to the determination of the allowance for loan loss and various assets and liabilities measured at fair value. While management uses the most current available information to recognize losses on loans, future additions to the allowance for loan loss may be necessary based on changes in local economic conditions. In addition, regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the Company’s allowance for loan loss. Regulatory agencies may require the Company to recognize additions to the allowance for loan loss based on their judgment about information available to them at the time of their examination.

 

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Business Segments

The Company is organized and operated as a single reporting segment, principally engaged in commercial business banking. The Company conducts its lending and deposit operations through ten full service branch offices located in Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura and San Bernardino counties.

Note 2 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In November 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No.In November 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-16, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Determining Whether the Host Contract in a Hybrid Financial Instrument Issued in the Form of a Share Is More Akin to Debt or to Equity. This ASU will require an entity to determine the nature of the host contract by considering the economic characteristics and risks of the entire hybrid financial instrument issued in the form of a share, including the embedded derivative feature that is being evaluated for separate accounting from the host contract when evaluating whether the host contract is more akin to debt or equity. In evaluating the stated and implied substantive terms and features, the existence or omission of any single term or feature does not necessarily determine the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract. Although an individual term or feature may weigh more heavily in the evaluation on the basis of facts and circumstances, an entity should use judgment based on an evaluation of all the relevant terms and features. ASU 2014-16 is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. For all other entities, the ASU is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within fiscal years thereafter. The effects of initially adopting the amendments should be applied on a modified retrospective basis to existing hybrid financial instruments issued in the form of a share as of the beginning of the fiscal year for which the amendment is effective. Retrospective application is permitted to all relevant prior periods. Early adoption, including adoption in an interim period, is permitted. If an entity early adopts the amendments in an interim period, any adjustments shall be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have an impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The new guidance replaces existing revenue recognition guidance for contracts to provide goods or services to customers and amends existing guidance related to recognition of gains and losses on the sale of certain nonfinancial assets such as real estate. ASU 2014-09 establishes a principles-based approach to recognizing revenue that applies to all contracts other than those covered by other authoritative GAAP guidance. Quantitative and qualitative disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are also required. ASU 2014-09 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and is applied on either a modified retrospective or full retrospective basis. Early adoption is not permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Consolidation (Topic 810): Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis to improve targeted areas of the consolidation guidance and reduce the number of consolidation models. The Company may either apply the amendments retrospectively or use a modified retrospective approach. ASU 2015-02 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest—Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. ASU 2015-03 simplifies the presentation of debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. ASU 2015-03 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted if the guidance is applied as of the beginning of the annual period of adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements.

 

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Note 3 – Business Combinations

On November 30, 2014, the Company completed the merger with 1st Enterprise Bank (“1st Enterprise”) pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated June 2, 2014, as amended (“Merger Agreement”). 1st Enterprise was merged with and into the Bank, with the Bank continuing as the surviving entity in the merger. Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, each outstanding share of 1st Enterprise common stock (other than shares as to which the holder exercised dissenters’ rights) was converted into the right to receive 1.3450 of a share of the CU Bancorp common stock, resulting in 5.2 million shares of CU Bancorp common stock issued. The fair value of the 5.2 million shares of common stock issued as part of the consideration paid ($102.7 million) was determined based on the closing market price ($19.60) of CU Bancorp common stock on November 30, 2014. The 16,400 shares of 1st Enterprise Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series D were converted into the right to receive 16,400 shares of CU Bancorp’s Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A (“CU Bancorp Preferred Stock”). The U.S. Department of the Treasury is the sole holder of all outstanding shares of CU Bancorp Preferred Stock. As part of the Merger Agreement, CU Bancorp adopted the 1st Enterprise 2006 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended, as its own equity plan and all stock options granted by 1st Enterprise thereunder are exercisable for CU Bancorp common stock on substantially the same terms but adjusted to reflect the exchange ratio set forth in the Merger Agreement. See Note 16—Stock Options and Restricted Stock, in the Company’s 2014 Form 10-K, for more details. The merger was accounted for by the Company using the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, the assets and liabilities of 1st Enterprise were recorded at their respective fair values at acquisition date and represents management’s estimates based on available information.

In connection with the merger, the consideration paid, the assets acquired, and the liabilities assumed were recorded at fair value on the date of acquisition, as summarized in the following table (dollars in thousands):

 

     November 30,
2014
 

Assets acquired:

  

Cash and due from banks

   $ 8,739   

Interest earning deposits in other financial institutions

     11,554   

Investment securities available-for-sale

     117,407   

Investment securities held-to-maturity

     47,457   

Loans

     553,183   

Premises and equipment, net

     1,830   

Deferred tax asset

     5,682   

Goodwill

     51,658   

Core deposit and leasehold right intangibles

     7,533   

Bank owned life insurance

     16,871   

Accrued interest receivable and other assets

     11,583   
  

 

 

 

Total assets acquired

   $ 833,497   
  

 

 

 

Liabilities assumed:

  

Deposits

   $ 703,358   

Accrued interest payable and other liabilities

     1,856   
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities assumed

   $ 705,214   
  

 

 

 

Total consideration paid:

  

CU Bancorp common stock issued

   $ 102,712   

CU Bancorp preferred stock issued

     15,921   

Fair value of 1st Enterprise stock options

     9,561   

Cash paid to a dissenter shareholder

     87   

Cash in lieu of fractional shares paid to 1st Enterprise shareholders

     2   
  

 

 

 

Total Consideration

   $ 128,283   
  

 

 

 

1st Enterprise operated as a full-service independent commercial banking institution in the Southern California market with three branches located in downtown Los Angeles, Orange County and the Inland Empire and a loan production office in the San Fernando Valley. 1st Enterprise and the Bank had complementary business models and both had developed strong commercial banking platforms and production capabilities, low-cost deposit bases and robust credit cultures. The merger offers further delivery of sophisticated personal service to their target, small and middle-market business, entrepreneurs, non-profits and professional customers. The merger provides the combined institution with financial benefits that include reduced combined operating expenses and synergies.

 

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The Company expensed approximately $112,000 of merger expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and $497,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014. For the six months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014, the Company expensed approximately $352,000 and $497,000 of merger expenses, respectively.

The other intangible assets are primarily related to core deposits and are being amortized on an accelerated basis over a period of approximately ten years in proportion to the related estimated benefits. The assets and liabilities of 1st Enterprise were accounted for at fair value and required either a third party analysis or an internal valuation analysis of fair value. An analysis was performed on loans, investment securities, contractual lease obligations, deferred compensation, deposits, premises and equipment, other assets, other liabilities and preferred stock as of the merger date. Balances that were considered to be at fair value at the date of acquisition were cash and cash equivalents, bank owned life insurance, derivatives, other assets (interest receivable), and certain other liabilities (interest payable). The Company made significant estimates and exercised significant judgment in estimating fair values and accounting for such acquired assets and liabilities. Such fair values are preliminary estimates and are subject to adjustment for up to one year after the merger date or when additional information relative to the closing date fair values becomes available and such information is considered final, whichever is earlier. For tax purposes, acquisition accounting adjustments, including goodwill, are not taxable or deductible.

The Company estimated the fair value for most loans acquired from 1st Enterprise by utilizing a methodology wherein loans with comparable characteristics were aggregated by type of collateral, whether loans are fixed, adjustable, interest only or have balloon structures. Other considerations included risk ratings, delinquency history, performance status (accrual or non-accrual) and other relevant factors. The discounted cash flow approach (“DCF”) was used to arrive at the fair value of the loans acquired. Projected cash flows were determined by estimating future credit losses and prepayment rates, which were then discounted to present value at a risk-adjusted discount rate for similar loans.

There was no carryover of 1st Enterprise’s allowance for loan losses associated with the loans acquired as the loans were initially recorded at fair value.

Purchased Credit Impaired (“PCI”) loans are accounted for under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 310-30 and non-PCI loans are accounted for under ASC 310-20. PCI loans are acquired loans with evidence of deterioration of credit quality since origination and it is probable at the acquisition date, that the Company will not be able to collect all contractually required amounts. When the timing and/or amounts of expected cash flows on such loans are not reasonably estimable, no interest is accreted and the loan is reported as a non-accrual loan; otherwise, if the timing and amounts of expected cash flows for PCI loans are reasonably estimable, then interest is accreted and the loans are reported as accruing loans. The non-accretable difference represents the difference between the undiscounted contractual cash flows and the undiscounted expected cash flows, and also reflects the estimated credit losses in the acquired loan portfolio at the acquisition date and can fluctuate due to changes in expected cash flows during the life of the PCI loans.

The following table presents the fair value of loans pursuant to accounting standards for PCI and non-PCI loans as of the 1st Enterprise acquisition date (dollars in thousands):

 

     November 30,
2014
 
     PCI loans      Non-PCI loans      Total  

Contractually required payments

   $ 577       $ 569,276       $ 569,853   

Less: non-accretable difference

     (108      —           (108
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash flows expected to be collected (undiscounted)

     469         569,276         569,745   

Accretable yield

     —           (16,562      (16,562
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair value of acquired loans

   $ 469       $ 552,714       $ 553,183   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Note 4 - Computation of Book Value and Tangible Book Value per Common Share

Book value per common share was calculated by dividing total shareholders’ equity less preferred stock, by the number of common shares issued and outstanding. Tangible book value per common share was calculated by dividing tangible common equity, by the number of common shares issued and outstanding. The tables below present the computation of book value and tangible book value per common share as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands, except share and per share data):

 

     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 290,606       $ 279,192   

Less: Preferred stock

     16,487         16,004   

Less: Goodwill

     63,950         63,950   

Less: Core deposit and leasehold right intangibles

     8,608         9,547   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Tangible common equity

   $ 201,561       $ 189,691   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Common shares issued

     16,840,859         16,683,856   

Book value per common share

   $ 16.28       $ 15.78   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Tangible book value per common share

   $ 11.97       $ 11.37   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 5 - Computation of Earnings per Common Share

Basic and diluted earnings per common share were determined by dividing the net income by the applicable basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding. The following table shows weighted average basic shares outstanding, potential dilutive shares related to stock options, unvested restricted stock, and weighted average diluted shares for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands, except share and per share data):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Net Income

   $ 5,267       $ 2,386       $ 9,466       $ 5,052   

Less: Preferred stock dividends and discount accretion

     312         —           584         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net Income available to common shareholders

   $ 4,955       $ 2,386       $ 8,882       $ 5,052   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average basic common shares outstanding

     16,481,527         10,952,087         16,445,118         10,913,227   

Dilutive effect of potential common share issuances from stock options and restricted stock

     442,684         206,479         441,102         213,313   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding

     16,924,211         11,158,566         16,886,220         11,126,540   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income per common share

           

Basic

   $ 0.30       $ 0.22       $ 0.54       $ 0.46   

Diluted

   $ 0.29       $ 0.21       $ 0.53       $ 0.45   

Anti-dilutive shares not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share

     64,500         82,154         64,889         83,437   

 

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Note 6 - Investment Securities

The investment securities portfolio has been classified into two catergories: available-for-sale (“AFS”) and held-to-maturity (“HTM”).

The following tables present the amortized cost and estimated fair values of investment securities by major category as of the dates indicated. There were no impaired securities at June 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014, and as such there were no other than temporary impairment losses in the securities portfolio for the periods indicated in the tables below (dollars in thousands):

 

            Gross Unrealized         

June 30, 2015

   Amortized
Cost
     Gains      Losses      Fair Market
Value
 

Available-for-sale:

           

U.S. Govt Agency and Sponsored Agency - Note Securities

   $ 1,021       $ 3       $ —         $ 1,024   

U.S. Govt Agency - SBA Securities

     49,635         709         215         50,129   

U.S. Govt Agency - GNMA Mortgage-Backed Securities

     26,271         210         384         26,097   

U.S. Govt Sponsored Agency - CMO & Mortgage-Backed Securities

     102,248         329         793         101,784   

Corporate Securities

     4,030         44         —           4,074   

Municipal Securities

     1,024         4         —           1,028   

Asset Backed Securities

     8,310         —           23         8,287   

U.S. Treasury Notes

     25,024         34         —           25,058   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale

     217,563         1,333         1,415         217,481   

Held-to-maturity:

           

Municipal Securities

     44,014         68         274         43,808   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total held-to-maturity

     44,014         68         274         43,808   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investment securities

   $ 261,577       $ 1,401       $ 1,689       $ 261,289   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

            Gross Unrealized         

December 31, 2014

   Amortized
Cost
     Gains      Losses      Fair Market
Value
 

Available-for-sale:

           

U.S. Govt Agency and Sponsored Agency - Note Securities

   $ 2,036       $ 2       $ —         $ 2,038   

U.S. Govt Agency - SBA Securities

     54,062         770         345         54,487   

U.S. Govt Agency - GNMA Mortgage-Backed Securities

     29,364         255         277         29,342   

U.S. Govt Sponsored Agency - CMO & Mortgage-Backed Securities

     107,348         457         577         107,228   

Corporate Securities

     4,043         77         —           4,120   

Municipal Securities

     1,039         11         —           1,050   

Asset Backed Securities

     8,711         1         40         8,672   

U.S. Treasury Notes

     20,031         —           6         20,025   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale

     226,634         1,573         1,245         226,962   

Held-to-maturity:

           

Municipal Securities

     47,147         169         157         47,159   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total held-to-maturity

     47,147         169         157         47,159   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investment securities

   $ 273,781       $ 1,742       $ 1,402       $ 274,121   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The Company’s investment securities portfolio at June 30, 2015, consists of U.S. Treasury Notes, U.S. Agency and U.S. Sponsored Agency issued AAA and AA rated investment-grade securities, asset backed securities, investment grade corporate bond securities, and municipal securities. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, securities with a market value of $137.8 million and $148.8 million, respectively, were pledged as collateral for securities sold under agreements to repurchase, public deposits, outstanding standby letters of credit, bankruptcy deposits, and other purposes as required by various statutes and agreements. See Note 9 – Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures.

The Company had no securities that were classified as other-than-temporarily impaired at June 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014.

The following tables represent investment securities with unrealized losses that are considered to be temporarily-impaired, summarized and classified according to the duration of the loss period as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands).

 

     < 12 Continuous
Months
     > 12 Continuous
Months
     Total  

June 30, 2015

   Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
     Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
     Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
 

Temporarily-impaired available-for-sale investment securities:

                 

U.S. Govt. Agency SBA Securities

   $ 595       $ 5       $ 12,040       $ 210       $ 12,635       $ 215   

U.S. Govt. Agency – GNMA Mortgage-Backed Securities

     9,073         109         7,660         275         16,733         384   

U.S. Govt. Sponsored Agency – CMO & Mortgage-Backed Securities

     72,847         635         4,099         158         76,946         793   

Asset Backed Securities

     8,287         23         —           —           8,287         23   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily-impaired available-for-sale investment securities

   $ 90,802       $ 772       $ 23,799       $ 643       $ 114,601       $ 1,415   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Temporarily-impaired held-to-maturity investment securities:

                 

Municipal Securities

   $ 33,009       $ 274       $ —         $ —         $ 33,009       $ 274   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily-impaired held-to-maturity investment securities

   $ 33,009       $ 274       $ —         $ —         $ 33,009       $ 274   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     < 12 Continuous
Months
     > 12 Continuous
Months
     Total  

December 31, 2014

   Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
     Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
     Fair
Value
     Net
Unrealized
Loss
 

Temporarily-impaired available-for-sale investment securities:

                 

U.S. Govt. Agency SBA Securities

   $ 10,688       $ 87       $ 10,095       $ 258       $ 20,783       $ 345   

U.S. Govt. Agency – GNMA Mortgage-Backed Securities

     12,784         65         8,784         212         21,568         277   

U.S. Govt. Sponsored Agency – CMO & Mortgage-Backed Securities

     64,360         413         6,584         164         70,944         577   

Asset Backed Securities

     4,849         40         —           —           4,849         40   

U.S Treasury Notes

     20,025         6         —           —           20,025         6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily-impaired available-for-sale investment securities

   $ 112,706       $ 611       $ 25,463       $ 634       $ 138,169       $ 1,245   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Temporarily-impaired held-to-maturity investment securities:

                 

Municipal Securities

   $ 23,966       $ 157       $ —         $ —         $ 23,966       $ 157   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total temporarily-impaired held-to-maturity investment securities

   $ 23,966       $ 157       $ —         $ —         $ 23,966       $ 157   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The unrealized losses in each of the above categories are associated with the general fluctuation of market interest rates and are not an indication of any deterioration in the credit quality of the security issuers. Further, the Company does not intend to sell these securities and is not more-likely-than-not to be required to sell the securities before the recovery of its amortized cost basis. The Company did not have any sales of securities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

The amortized cost, estimated fair value and average yield of debt securities at June 30, 2015, are reflected in the table below (dollars in thousands). Maturity categories are determined as follows:

 

    U.S. Govt. Agency, U.S. Treasury Notes and U.S. Govt. Sponsored Agency bonds and notes – maturity date

 

    U.S. Govt. Sponsored Agency CMO or Mortgage-Backed Securities, U.S. Govt. Agency GNMA Mortgage-Backed Securities, Asset Backed Securities and U.S. Gov. Agency SBA Securities – estimated cash flow taking into account estimated pre-payment speeds

 

    Corporate Bonds and Municipal Securities – the earlier of the maturity date or the expected call date

Although, U.S. Government Agency and U.S. Government Sponsored Agency Mortgage-Backed and CMO securities have contractual maturities through 2048, the expected maturity will differ from the contractual maturities because borrowers or issuers may have the right to prepay such obligations without penalties.

 

     June 30, 2015  

Maturities Schedule of Securities

   Amortized
Cost
     Fair Value      Weighted
Average
Yield
 

Available-for-sale:

        

Due through one year

   $ 43,777       $ 43,886         1.43

Due after one year through five years

     91,700         91,667         1.61

Due after five years through ten years

     59,270         59,105         1.86

Due after ten years

     22,816         22,823         2.45
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total available-for-sale

   $ 217,563       $ 217,481         1.73

Held-to-maturity:

        

Due through one year

   $ 4,690       $ 4,690         1.59

Due after one year through five years

     29,223         29,055         1.53

Due after five years through ten years

     10,101         10,063         1.87
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total held-to-maturity

   $ 44,014       $ 43,808         1.61
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investment securities

   $ 261,577       $ 261,289         1.71
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The weighted average yields in the above table are based on effective rates of book balances at the end of the period. Yields are derived by dividing interest income, adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts, by total amortized cost.

Investment in FHLB Common Stock

The Company’s investment in the common stock of the FHLB of San Francisco is carried at cost and was $8.0 million as of June 30, 2015 and $8.0 million as of December 31, 2014. See Note 9 - Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures for a detailed discussion regarding the Company’s borrowings and the requirements to purchase FHLB common stock. See Note 5 - Investment Securities in the Company’s December 31, 2014 10-K for additional discussion on the Company’s evaluation and accounting for its investment in FHLB common stock.

 

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Note 7 - Loans

The following table presents the composition of the Company’s loan portfolio as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Commercial and Industrial Loans:

   $ 505,931       $ 528,517   

Loans Secured by Real Estate:

     

Owner-Occupied Nonresidential Properties

     380,867         339,309   

Other Nonresidential Properties

     520,568         481,517   

Construction, Land Development and Other Land

     76,318         72,223   

1-4 Family Residential Properties

     136,142         121,985   

Multifamily Residential Properties

     54,789         52,813   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Loans Secured by Real Estate

     1,168,684         1,067,847   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other Loans:

     38,389         28,359   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Loans

   $ 1,713,004       $ 1,624,723   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table is a breakout of the Company’s loan portfolio stratified by the industry concentration of the borrower by their respective NAICS code as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Real Estate

   $ 813,110       $ 744,663   

Manufacturing

     161,993         161,233   

Wholesale

     121,359         124,336   

Construction

     132,071         113,763   

Finance

     97,897         96,074   

Hotel/Lodging

     101,335         88,269   

Professional Services

     55,671         64,215   

Other Services

     41,439         45,781   

Healthcare

     47,277         43,917   

Retail

     37,439         35,503   

Administrative Management

     26,080         28,016   

Restaurant/Food Service

     27,808         24,525   

Transportation

     17,975         18,158   

Information

     10,126         15,457   

Education

     9,307         10,253   

Entertainment

     6,768         8,284   

Other

     5,349         2,276   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,713,004       $ 1,624,723   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

SBA Loans

As part of the acquisition of PC Bancorp, the Company acquired loans that were originated under the guidelines of the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) program. The total portfolio of the SBA contractual loan balances being serviced by the Company at June 30, 2015 was $105 million, of which $75 million has been sold. Of the $30 million remaining on the Company’s books, $24 million is un-guaranteed and $6 million is guaranteed by the SBA.

For SBA guaranteed loans, a secondary market exists to purchase the guaranteed portion of these loans with the Company continuing to “service” the entire loan. The secondary market for guaranteed loans is comprised of investors seeking long term assets with yields that adapt to the prevailing interest rates. These investors are typically financial institutions, insurance companies, pension funds, and other types of investors specializing in the acquisition of this product. When a decision to sell the guaranteed portion of an SBA loan is made by the Company, bids are solicited from secondary market investors and the loan is normally sold to the highest bidder.

 

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At June 30, 2015, there were no loans classified as held for sale. At June 30, 2015, the Company does not have any unsold SBA 7a loans.

Allowance for Loan Loss

The following table is a summary of the activity for the allowance for loan loss for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Allowance for loan loss at beginning of period

   $ 13,247      $ 10,823      $ 12,610      $ 10,603   

Provision for loan losses

     683        408        2,126        483   

Net (charge-offs) recoveries:

        

Charge-offs

     (1     (157     (891     (157

Recoveries

     195        210        279        355   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (charge-offs) recoveries

     194        53        (612     198   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for loan loss at end of period

   $ 14,124      $ 11,284      $ 14,124      $ 11,284   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (charge-offs) recoveries to average loans

     0.01     0.00     (0.04 )%      0.02

 

     June 30,
2015
    December 30,
2014
 

Allowance for loan loss to total loans

     0.82     0.78

Allowance for loan loss to total loans accounted for at historical cost, which excludes loans and the related allowance for loans acquired through acquisition

     1.33     1.39

The allowance for losses on unfunded loan commitments to extend credit is primarily related to commercial lines of credit and construction loans. The amount of unfunded loan commitments at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 was $756 million and $720 million, respectively. The inherent risk associated with a loan is evaluated at the same time the credit is extended. However, the allowance held for the commitments is reported in other liabilities within the accompanying balance sheets and not as part of the allowance for loan loss in the above table. The allowance for losses on unfunded loan commitments to extend credit was $558,000 and $471,000 at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

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The following tables present, by portfolio segment, the changes in the allowance for loan loss and the recorded investment in loans as of the dates and for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Commercial
and
Industrial
    Construction,
Land
Development
and

Other Land
    Commercial
and

Other
Real Estate
    Other      Total  

Three Months Ended

June 30, 2015

           

Allowance for loan loss – Beginning balance

   $ 5,737      $ 1,763      $ 5,439      $ 308       $ 13,247   

Provision for loan losses

     314        (156     359        166         683   

Net (charge-offs) recoveries:

           

Charge-offs

     (1     —          —          —           (1

Recoveries

     194        —          1        —           195   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net recoveries

     193        —          1        —           194   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 6,244      $ 1,607      $ 5,799      $ 474       $ 14,124   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

June 30, 2014

      

Allowance for loan loss – Beginning balance

   $ 5,278      $ 1,334      $ 4,161      $ 50       $ 10,823   

Provision for loan losses

     91        88        228        1         408   

Net (charge-offs) recoveries:

           

Charge-offs

     (93     —          (64     —           (157

Recoveries

     109        —          101        —           210   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net recoveries

     16        —          37        —           53   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 5,385      $ 1,422      $ 4,426      $ 51       $ 11,284   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Commercial
and
Industrial
    Construction,
Land
Development
and

Other Land
    Commercial
and

Other
Real Estate
    Other     Total  

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2015

        

Allowance for loan loss – Beginning balance

   $ 5,864      $ 1,684      $ 4,802      $ 260      $ 12,610   

Provision for loan losses

     995        (77     994        214        2,126   

Net (charge-offs) recoveries:

          

Charge-offs

     (891     —          —          —          (891

Recoveries

     276        —          3        —          279   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (charge-offs) recoveries

     (615     —          3        —          (612
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 6,244      $ 1,607      $ 5,799      $ 474      $ 14,124   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

June 30, 2014

      

Allowance for loan loss – Beginning balance

   $ 5,534      $ 1,120      $ 3,886      $ 63      $ 10,603   

Provision for loan losses

     (308     302        501        (12     483   

Net (charge-offs) recoveries:

          

Charge-offs

     (93     —          (64     —          (157

Recoveries

     252        —          103        —          355   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net recoveries

     159        —          39        —          198   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 5,385      $ 1,422      $ 4,426      $ 51      $ 11,284   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The following tables present both the allowance for loan loss and the associated loan balance classified by loan portfolio segment and by credit evaluation methodology (dollars in thousands):

 

     Commercial
and

Industrial
     Construction,
Land
Development
and

Other Land
     Commercial
and

Other
Real Estate
     Other      Total  

June 30, 2015

           

Allowance for loan loss:

           

Individually evaluated for impairment

   $ 624       $ —         $ 52       $ —         $ 676   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     5,620         1,607         5,747         474         13,448   

Purchased credit impaired (loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality)

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Allowance for Loan Loss

   $ 6,244       $ 1,607       $ 5,799       $ 474       $ 14,124   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loans receivable:

           

Individually evaluated for impairment

   $ 3,470       $ —         $ 722       $ —         $ 4,192   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     502,058         76,318         1,090,110         38,389         1,706,875   

Purchased credit impaired (loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality)

     403         —           1,534         —           1,937   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Loans Receivable

   $ 505,931       $ 76,318       $ 1,092,366       $ 38,389       $ 1,713,004   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Commercial
and

Industrial
     Construction,
Land
Development
and

Other Land
     Commercial
and

Other
Real Estate
     Other      Total  

December 31, 2014

           

Allowance for loan loss:

           

Individually evaluated for impairment

   $ 222       $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 222   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     5,642         1,684         4,802         260         12,388   

Purchased credit impaired (loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality)

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Allowance for Loan Loss

   $ 5,864       $ 1,684       $ 4,802       $ 260       $ 12,610   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loans receivable:

           

Individually evaluated for impairment

   $ 1,914       $ —         $ 737       $ —         $ 2,651   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     525,910         72,223         993,195         28,359         1,619,687   

Purchased credit impaired (loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality)

     693         —           1,692         —           2,385   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Loans Receivable

   $ 528,517       $ 72,223       $ 995,624       $ 28,359       $ 1,624,723   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Page 19 of 70


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Credit Quality of Loans

The Company utilizes an internal loan classification system as a means of reporting problem and potential problem loans. Under the Company’s loan risk rating system, loans are classified as “Pass,” with problem and potential problem loans as “Special Mention,” “Substandard,” “Doubtful” and “Loss”. Individual loan risk ratings are updated continuously or at any time the situation warrants. In addition, management regularly reviews problem loans to determine whether any loan requires a classification change, in accordance with the Company’s policy and applicable regulations. The grading analysis estimates the capability of the borrower to repay the contractual obligations of the loan agreements as scheduled or at all. The internal loan classification risk grading system is based on experiences with similarly graded loans.

The Company’s internally assigned grades are as follows:

 

    Pass – loans which are protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or by the value of the underlying collateral. There are several different levels of Pass rated credits, including “Watch” which is considered a transitory grade for pass rated loans that require greater monitoring. Loans not meeting the criteria of special mention, substandard, doubtful or loss that have been analyzed individually as part of the above described process are considered to be pass-rated loans.

 

    Special Mention – loans where a potential weakness or risk exists, which could cause a more serious problem if not corrected. Special Mention loans do not currently expose the Company to sufficient risk to warrant classification as a Substandard, Doubtful or Loss classification, but possess weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention.

 

    Substandard – loans that have a well-defined weakness based on objective evidence and can be characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.

 

    Doubtful – loans classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified as substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values, highly questionable and improbable.

 

    Loss – loans classified as a loss are considered uncollectible, or of such value that continuance as an asset is not warranted.

The following tables present the risk category of loans by class of loans based on the most recent internal loan classification as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Commercial
and
Industrial
     Construction,
Land
Development
and
Other Land
     Commercial
and
Other
Real Estate
     Other      Total  

June 30, 2015

              

Pass

   $ 481,762       $ 76,318       $ 1,062,336       $ 38,338       $ 1,658,754   

Special Mention

     10,495         —           11,888         —           22,383   

Substandard

     13,674         —           18,142         51         31,867   

Doubtful

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 505,931       $ 76,318       $ 1,092,366       $ 38,389       $ 1,713,004   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

December 31, 2014

              

Pass

   $ 502,624       $ 72,223       $ 977,525       $ 28,358       $ 1,580,730   

Special Mention

     8,738         —           4,878         —           13,616   

Substandard

     17,155         —           13,221         1         30,377   

Doubtful

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 528,517       $ 72,223       $ 995,624       $ 28,359       $ 1,624,723   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Page 20 of 70


Table of Contents

Age Analysis of Past Due and Non-Accrual Loans

The following tables present an aging analysis of the recorded investment of past due loans and non-accrual loans as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     31-60
Days
Past Due
     61-90
Days
Past Due
     Greater
than

90 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
     Total
Past Due
and
Accruing
     Total
Non
Accrual
     Current      Total
Loans
 

June 30, 2015

                    

Commercial and Industrial

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 3,870       $ 502,061       $ 505,931   

Construction, Land Development and Other Land

     —           —           —           —           —           76,318         76,318   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     —           —           —           —           1,112         1,091,254         1,092,366   

Other

     —           —           —           —           —           38,389         38,389   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 4,982       $ 1,708,022       $ 1,713,004   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     31-60
Days
Past Due
     61-90
Days
Past Due
     Greater
than

90 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
     Total
Past Due
and
Accruing
     Total
Non
Accrual
     Current      Total
Loans
 

December 31, 2014

                    

Commercial and Industrial

   $ 192       $ 233       $ —         $ 425       $ 2,604       $ 525,488       $ 528,517   

Construction, Land Development and Other Land

     —           —           —           —           —           72,223         72,223   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     354         —           —           354         1,305         993,965         995,624   

Other

     —           —           —           —           —           28,359         28,359   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 546       $ 233       $ —         $ 779       $ 3,909       $ 1,620,035       $ 1,624,723   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Impaired Loans

Impaired loans are evaluated by comparing the fair value of the collateral, if the loan is collateral dependent, and the present value of the expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, if the loan is not collateral dependent.

A valuation allowance is established for an impaired loan when the fair value of the loan is less than the recorded investment. In certain cases, portions of impaired loans are charged-off to realizable value instead of establishing a valuation allowance and are included, when applicable, in the table below as impaired loans “with no specific allowance recorded.” The valuation allowance disclosed below is included in the allowance for loan loss reported in the consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

 

Page 21 of 70


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The following tables present, by loan category, the recorded investment and unpaid principal balances for impaired loans with the associated allowance amount, if applicable, for the dates and periods indicated (dollars in thousands). This table excludes purchased credit impaired loans (loans acquired in acquisitions with deteriorated credit quality) of $1.9 million and $2.4 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

 

     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  
     Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
     Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
 

With no specific allowance recorded:

                 

Commercial and Industrial

   $ 2,053       $ 3,550       $ —         $ 520       $ 609       $ —     

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     103         107         —           737         739         —     

With a specific allowance recorded:

                 

Commercial and Industrial

     1,417         1,569         624         1,394         1,546         222   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     619         623         52         —           —           —     

Total

                 

Commercial and Industrial

     3,470         5,119         624         1,914         2,155         222   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     722         730         52         737         739         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,192       $ 5,849       $ 676       $ 2,651       $ 2,894       $ 222   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

    Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
    2015     2014     2015     2014  
    Average
Recorded
Investment
    Interest
Income
Recognized
    Average
Recorded
Investment
    Interest
Income
Recognized
    Average
Recorded
Investment
    Interest
Income
Recognized
    Average
Recorded
Investment
    Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no specific allowance recorded:

               

Commercial and Industrial

  $ 2,053      $ —        $ 1,008      $ 34      $ 1,562      $ —        $ 1,027      $ 34   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

    103        —          2,981        —          106        —          3,325        —     

With a specific allowance recorded:

               

Commercial and Industrial

    1,357        —          1,535        —          1,342        —          1,553        —     

Commercial and Other Real Estate

    619        —          —          —          619        —          —          —     

Total:

               

Commercial and Industrial

    3,410        —          2,543        34        2,904        —          2,580        34   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

    722        —          2,981        —          725        —          3,325        —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $ 4,132      $ —        $ 5,524      $ 34      $ 3,629      $ —        $ 5,905      $ 34   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Page 22 of 70


Table of Contents

The following is a summary of additional information pertaining to impaired loans for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Interest foregone on impaired loans

   $ 88       $ 103       $ 138       $ 274   

Cash collections applied to reduce principal balance

   $ 19       $ 2,763       $ 19       $ 2,871   

Interest income recognized on cash collections

   $ —         $ 34       $ —        $ 34   

Troubled Debt Restructuring

The Company’s loan portfolio contains certain loans that have been modified in a Troubled Debt Restructuring (“TDR”), where economic concessions have been granted to borrowers experiencing financial difficulties. Loans are restructured in an effort to maximize collections. Economic concessions can include: reductions to the interest rate, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal or other actions.

The modification process includes evaluation of impairment based on the present value of expected future cash flows, discounted at the contractual interest rate of the original loan agreement, except when the sole (remaining) source of repayment for the loan is the operation or liquidation of the loan collateral. In these cases, management uses the current fair value of the collateral, less selling costs, to evaluate the loan for impairment. If management determines that the value of the modified loan is less than the recorded investment in the loan (net of previous charge-offs and unamortized premium or discount), impairment is recognized through a specific allowance or a charge-off.

The following tables include the recorded investment and unpaid principal balances for troubled debt restructured loans for the periods ending June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 (dollars in thousands). These tables include two TDR loans that were purchased credit impaired. As of June 30, 2015, these loans had a recorded investment of $174,000 and unpaid principal balances of $357,000.

 

As of and for the period ended

June 30, 2015

   Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

Commercial and Industrial

   $ 474       $ 678       $ —     

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     103         107         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 577       $ 785       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

As of and for the year ended

December 31, 2014

   Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

Commercial and Industrial

   $ 530       $ 719       $ —     

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     114         115         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 644       $ 834       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

There was no interest income recognized for the above troubled debt restructured loans during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2015 or June 30, 2014.

There were no loans modified or restructured during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2015 or June 30, 2014.

Loans are restructured in an effort to maximize collections. Impairment analyses are performed on the Company’s troubled debt restructured loans in conjunction with the normal allowance for loan loss process. The Company’s troubled debt restructured loans are analyzed to ensure adequate cash flow or collateral supports the outstanding loan balance.

There have been no payment defaults in six months ended June 30, 2015 or June 30, 2014 subsequent to modification on troubled debt restructured loans that have been modified within the last twelve months.

Loans Acquired Through Acquisition

The following table reflects the accretable net discount for loans acquired through acquisition, for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 20,078       $ 7,350       $ 21,402       $ 7,912   

Accretion, included in interest income

     (1,461      (889      (2,677      (1,451

Reclassifications to non-accretable yield

     (362      (49      (470      (49
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 18,255       $ 6,412       $ 18,255       $ 6,412   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The above table reflects the fair value adjustment on the loans acquired from mergers that will be amortized to loan interest income based on the effective yield method over the remaining life of the loans. These amounts do not include the fair value adjustments on the purchased credit impaired loans acquired from mergers.

Purchased Credit Impaired Loans

Purchased Credit Impaired Loans (“PCI”) loans are acquired loans with evidence of deterioration of credit quality since origination and it is probable at the acquisition date, that the Company will not be able to collect all contractually required amounts.

When the timing and/or amounts of expected cash flows on such loans are not reasonably estimable, no interest is accreted and the loan is reported as a non-accrual loan; otherwise, if the timing and amounts of expected cash flows for PCI loans are reasonably estimable, then interest is accreted and the loans are reported as accruing loans.

The non-accretable difference represents the difference between the undiscounted contractual cash flows and the undiscounted expected cash flows, and also reflects the estimated credit losses in the acquired loan portfolio at the acquisition date and can fluctuate due to changes in expected cash flows during the life of the PCI loans.

The following table reflects the outstanding balance and related carrying value of PCI loans as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     June 30, 2015      December 31, 2014  
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Carrying
Value
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Carrying
Value
 

Commercial and Industrial

   $ 727       $ 403       $ 1,205       $ 693   

Commercial and Other Real Estate

     2,367         1,534         3,018         1,692   

Other

     —           —           62         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,094       $ 1,937       $ 4,285       $ 2,385   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The following table reflects the activities in the accretable net discount for PCI loans for the period indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 305       $ 378       $ 324       $ 395   

Accretion, included in interest income

     (19      (18      (38      (35

Reclassifications from non-accretable yield

     —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

   $ 286       $ 360       $ 286       $ 360   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 8 – Qualified Affordable Housing Project Investments

The Company’s investment in Qualified Affordable Housing Projects that generate Low Income Housing Tax Credits (“LIHTC”) at June 30, 2015 was $3.9 million, compared to $4.1 million at December 31, 2014. The net decrease of $229,000 is the result of $1.1 million amortization of the cost of the investment offset by $0.8 million of funding during the six months ended June 30, 2015. The funding liability for the LIHTC at June 30, 2015 was $1.7 million compared to $2.5 million, at December 31, 2014. See Note 11 – Qualified Affordable Housing Project Investments in the Company’s 10-K financial statements at December 31, 2014 for additional detail regarding the Company’s investment in LIHTC.

Note 9 - Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures

Securities Sold Under Agreements to Repurchase

The Company enters into certain transactions, the legal form of which are sales of securities under agreements to repurchase (“Repos”) at a later date at a set price. Securities sold under agreements to repurchase generally mature within 1 day to 180 days from the issue date and are routinely renewed.

As discussed in Note 6 – Investment Securities, the Company has pledged certain investments as collateral for these agreements. Securities with a fair value of $28.7 million and $32.3 million were pledged to secure the Repos at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

The tables below describe the terms and maturity of the Company’s securities sold under agreements to repurchase as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     June 30, 2015  

Date Issued

   Amount      Interest Rate     Original
Term
     Maturity Date  

June 30, 2015

   $ 14,424         0.13% – 0.25     1 day         July 1, 2015   
  

 

 

         

Total

   $ 14,424         0.22      
  

 

 

         

 

     December 31, 2014  

Date Issued

   Amount      Interest Rate     Original
Term
     Maturity Date  

December 31, 2014

   $ 9,411         0.13% – 0.25     2 days         January 2, 2015   
  

 

 

         

Total

   $ 9,411         0.20     
  

 

 

         

Federal Home Loan Bank Borrowings

The Company maintains a secured credit facility with the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco “FHLB”, allowing the Company to borrow on an overnight and term basis. The Company’s credit facility with the FHLB is $601.6 million, which represents approximately 25% of the Bank’s total assets, as reported by the Bank in its March 31, 2015 FFIEC Call Report.

 

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As of June 30, 2015, the Company had $759.3 million of loan collateral pledged with the FHLB which provides $503 million in borrowing capacity. The Company has $21.6 million in investment securities pledged with the FHLB to support this credit facility. In addition, the Company must maintain an investment in the Capital Stock of the FHLB. Under the FHLB Act, the FHLB has a statutory lien on the FHLB capital stock that the Company owns and the FHLB capital stock serves as further collateral under the borrowing line.

The Company had no outstanding advances (borrowings) with the FHLB as of June 30, 2015 or December 31, 2014.

Subordinated Debentures

The following table summarizes the terms of each issuance of subordinated debentures outstanding as of June 30, 2015:

 

Series

   Amount
(in
thousands)
    Issuance
Date
     Maturity
Date
     Rate Index     Current
Rate
    Next
Reset
Date
 

Trust I

   $ 6,186        12/10/04         03/15/35         3 month LIBOR + 2.05     2.34     09/15/15   

Trust II

     3,093        12/23/05         03/15/36         3 month LIBOR + 1.75     2.04     09/15/15   

Trust III

     3,093        06/30/06         09/18/36         3 month LIBOR + 1.85     2.14     09/15/15   
  

 

 

             

Subtotal

     12,372               

Unamortized fair value adjustment

     (2,754            
  

 

 

             

Net

   $ 9,618               
  

 

 

             

The Company had an aggregate outstanding contractual balance of $12.4 million in subordinated debentures at June 30, 2015. These subordinated debentures were acquired as part of the PC Bancorp merger and were issued to trusts originally established by PC Bancorp, which in turn issued trust preferred securities. These subordinated debentures were issued in three separate series. Each issuance had a maturity of 30 years from their approximate date of issue. All three subordinated debentures are variable rate instruments that reprice quarterly based on the three month LIBOR plus a margin (see tables above). All three subordinated debentures had their interest rates reset in June 2015 at the current three month LIBOR plus their index, and will continue to reprice quarterly through their maturity date. All three subordinated debentures are currently callable at par with no prepayment penalties.

Under Dodd Frank, trust preferred securities are excluded from Tier 1 capital, unless such securities were issued prior to May 19, 2010 by a bank holding company with less than $15 billion in assets. CU Bancorp assumed approximately $12.4 million of junior subordinated debt securities issued to various business trust subsidiaries of Premier Commercial Bancorp and funded through the issuance of approximately $12.0 million of floating rate capital trust preferred securities. These junior subordinated debt securities were issued prior to May 19, 2010. Because CU Bancorp has less than $15 billion in assets, the trust preferred securities that CU Bancorp assumed from Premier Commercial Bancorp continue to be included in Tier 1 capital, subject to a limit of 25% of Tier 1 capital elements.

Interest payments made by the Company on subordinated debentures are considered dividend payments under FRB regulations. Notification to the FRB is required prior to the Company declaring and paying a dividend during any period in which the Company’s quarterly net earnings are insufficient to fund the dividend amount. This notification requirement is included in regulatory guidance regarding safety and soundness surrounding capital and includes other non-financial measures such as asset quality, financial condition, capital adequacy, liquidity, future earnings projections, capital planning and credit concentrations. Should the FRB object to the dividend payments, the Company would be precluded from paying interest on the subordinated debentures after giving notice within 15 days before the payment date. Payments would not commence until approval is received or the Company no longer needs to provide notice under applicable guidance. The Company has the right, assuming no default has occurred, to defer payments of interest on the subordinated debentures at any time for a period not to exceed 20 consecutive quarters. The Company has not deferred any interest payments.

 

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Note 10 - Derivative Financial Instruments

Derivative Financial Instruments Acquired from 1st Enterprise Bank

The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations and utilizes interest rate swap agreements (“swaps”) as part of its asset/liability management strategy to help manage its interest rate risk position. At June 30, 2015, the Company has thirteen interest rate swap agreements with customers and thirteen offsetting interest-rate swaps with a counterparty bank that were acquired as a result of the merger with 1st Enterprise on November 30, 2014. The swap agreements are not designated as hedging instruments. The purpose of entering into offsetting derivatives not designated as a hedging instrument is to provide the Company a variable-rate loan receivable and provide the customer the financial effects of a fixed-rate loan without creating significant interest rate risk in the Company’s earnings.

The structure of the swaps is as follows: The Company enters into a swap with its customers to allow them to convert variable rate loans to fixed rate loans, and at the same time, the Company enters into a swap with the counterparty bank to allow the Company to pass on the interest-rate risk associated with fixed rate loans. The net effect of the transaction allows the Company to receive interest on the loan from the customer at a variable rate based on LIBOR plus a spread. The changes in the fair value of the swaps primarily offset each other and therefore should not have a significant impact on the Company’s results of operations. Our interest rate swap derivatives acquired from 1st Enterprise are subject to a master netting arrangement with one counterparty bank. None of our derivative assets and liabilities are offset in the balance sheet.

The Company believes the risk of loss associated with counterparty borrowers relating to interest rate swaps is mitigated as the loans with swaps are underwritten to take into account potential additional exposure, although there can be no assurances in this regard since the performance of the swaps is subject to market and counterparty risk. At June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total notional amount of the Company’s swaps acquired from 1st Enterprise was $35.1 million and $35.7 million, respectively.

The following table presents the fair values of the asset of the Company’s derivative instruments acquired from 1st Enterprise as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Asset Derivatives  
     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value

   $ 738       $ 719   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance sheet location

    
 
 
Accrued Interest
Receivable and Other
Assets
  
  
  
    
 
 
Accrued Interest
Receivable and Other
Assets
  
  
  

The following table presents the fair values of the liability of the Company’s derivative instruments acquired from 1st Enterprise as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Liability Derivatives  
     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value

   $ 738       $ 719   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance sheet location

    
 
 
Accrued Interest
Payable and Other
Liabilities
  
  
  
    
 
 
Accrued Interest
Payable and Other
Liabilities
  
  
  

Derivative Financial Instruments Acquired from PC Bancorp

At June 30, 2015, the Company also has twenty one pay-fixed, receive-variable, interest rate contracts that are designed to convert fixed rate loans into variable rate loans. The Company acquired these interest rate swap contracts on July 31, 2012 as a result of the merger with PC Bancorp. Nineteen one of the original interest rate swap contracts were re-designated as accounting hedges effective October 1, 2012.

 

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Prior to the merger with PC Bancorp, the Company did not utilize interest rate swaps to manage its interest rate risk position. All of the interest rate swap contracts acquired from PC Bancorp are with the same counterparty bank. The outstanding swaps have original maturities of up to 15 years.

The following table presents the notional amount and the fair values of the asset and liability of the Company’s derivative instruments acquired from PC Bancorp as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Liability Derivatives  
     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Fair Value Hedges

     

Total interest rate contacts notional amount

   $ 28,259       $ 29,289   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

     

Interest rate swap contracts fair value

   $ 435       $ 519   

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

     

Interest rate swap contracts fair value

     1,836         2,277   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total interest rate contracts fair value

   $ 2,271       $ 2,796   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance sheet location

    
 
Accrued Interest Payable
and Other Liabilities
  
  
    
 
Accrued Interest Payable
and Other Liabilities
  
  

The Effect of Derivative Instruments on the Consolidated Statements of Income

The following table summarizes the effect of derivative financial instruments on the consolidated statements of income for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015      2014      2015      2014  

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

           

Interest rate swap contracts – loans

           

Increase in fair value of interest rate swap contracts

   $ 57       $ 32       $ 84       $ 93   

Payments on interest rate swap contracts on loans

     (66      (68      (132      (136
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net decrease in other non-interest income

     (9      (36      (48      (43
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:

           

Interest rate swap contracts – loans

           

Increase in fair value of interest rate swap contracts

   $ 356       $ 118       $ 441       $ 301   

Increase (decrease) in fair value of hedged loans

     (73      165         88         238   

Payment on interest rate swap contracts on loans

     (285      (317      (571      (633
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net (decrease) in interest income on loans

   $ (2    $ (34    $ (42    $ (94
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Under all of the Company’s interest rate swap contracts, the Company is required to pledge and maintain collateral for the credit support under these agreements. At June 30, 2015, the Company had $2.1 million in investment securities, $2.7 million in certificates of deposit and $1.6 million in non-interest bearing balances for a total of $6.4 million, of which $4.6 million is pledged as collateral.

 

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Note 11 – Balance Sheet Offsetting

Assets and liabilities relating to certain financial instruments, including derivatives, and securities sold under repurchase agreements (“Repos”), may be eligible for offset in the consolidated balance sheets as permitted under accounting guidance. The Company’s interest rate swap derivatives are subject to a master bilateral netting and offsetting arrangement under specific conditions as defined within a master agreement governing all interest rate swap contracts that the Company and the counterparty banks have entered into. In addition, the master agreement under which the interest rate contracts have been written require the pledging of assets by the Company based on certain risk thresholds. The Company has pledged as collateral, a certificate of deposit, cash that is maintained in a due from bank account and investment securities. The pledged collateral under the swap agreements are reported in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, unless the Company defaults under the master agreement. The Company currently does not net or offset the interest rate swap contracts in its consolidated balance sheets, as reflected within the table below.

The Company’s securities sold under repurchase agreements represent transactions the Company has entered into with several deposit customers. These transactions represent the sale of securities on an overnight or on a term basis to our deposit customers under an agreement to repurchase the securities from the customers the next business day or at maturity. There is an individual contract for each customer with only one transaction per customer. There is no master agreement that provides for the netting arrangement or the offsetting of these individual transactions or for the netting of collateral positions. The Company does not net or offset the Repos in its consolidated balance sheets as reflected within the table below.

The table below presents the Company’s financial instruments that may be eligible for offsetting which include securities sold under agreements to repurchase that have no enforceable master netting arrangement and derivative securities that could be offset in the consolidated financial statements due to an enforceable master netting arrangement (dollars in thousands):

 

                          Gross Amounts
Not Offset in the
Consolidated Balance Sheets
        
     Gross
Amounts
Recognized
in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Gross
Amounts
Offset in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Net Amounts
of Assets
Presented

in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Financial
Instruments
     Collateral
Pledged
     Net Amount
(Collateral
over liability
balance
required to
be pledged)
 

June 30, 2015

                 

Financial Assets:

                 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value (See Note 10 – Derivative Financial Instruments)

   $ 738       $ —         $ 738       $ 738       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 738       $ —         $ 738       $ 738       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

                 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value (See Note 10 – Derivative Financial Instruments)

   $ 3,009       $ —         $ 3,009       $ 3,009       $ 4,598       $ 1,589   

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase (See Note 9 – Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures)

     14,424         —           14,424         14,424         28,669         14,245   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 17,433       $ —         $ 17,433       $ 17,433       $ 33,267       $ 15,834   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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     Gross
Amounts
Recognized
in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Gross
Amounts
Offset in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Net
Amounts of
Assets
Presented

in the
Consolidated
Balance
Sheets
     Gross Amounts
Not Offset in the
Consolidated Balance Sheets
     Net Amount
(Collateral
over liability
balance
required to
be pledged)
 
              Financial
Instruments
     Collateral
Pledged
    

December 31, 2014

                 

Financial Assets:

                 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value (See Note 10 – Derivative Financial Instruments)

   $ 719       $ —         $ 719       $ 719       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 719       $ —         $ 719       $ 719       $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

                 

Interest rate swap contracts fair value (See Note 10 – Derivative Financial Instruments)

   $ 3,515       $ —         $ 3,515       $ 3,515       $ 4,150       $ 635   

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase (See Note 9 – Borrowings and Subordinated Debentures)

     9,411         —           9,411         9,411         32,304         22,893   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 12,926       $ —         $ 12,926       $ 12,926       $ 36,454       $ 23,528   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 12 - Stock Options and Restricted Stock

Equity Compensation Plans

The Company’s 2007 Equity and Incentive Plan, “Equity Plan,” was adopted by the Company in 2007 and replaced two prior equity compensation plans. The Equity Plan provides for significant flexibility in determining the types and terms of awards that may be made to participants. The Equity Plan was revised and approved by the Company’s shareholders in 2011 and adopted by the Company as part of the Bank holding company reorganization. This plan is designed to promote the interest of the Company in aiding the Company to attract and retain employees, officers and non-employee directors who are expected to contribute to the future success of the organization. The Equity Plan is intended to provide participants with incentives to maximize their efforts on behalf of the Company through stock-based awards that provide an opportunity for stock ownership. This plan provides the Company with a flexible equity incentive compensation program, which allows the Company to grant stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock award units and performance units. Certain options and share awards provide for accelerated vesting, if there is a change in control, as defined in the Equity Plan. These plans are described more fully in Note 16 - Stock Options and Restricted Stock in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

At June 30, 2015, future compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock grants are reflected in the table below (dollars in thousands):

 

Restricted Stock Expense

      

Remainder of 2015

   $ 1,424   

2016

     1,879   

2017

     760   

2018

     273   

2019

     31   

Thereafter

     —     
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,367   
  

 

 

 

 

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There was no future compensation expense related to stock options as of June 30, 2015. All stock options outstanding at June 30, 2015 are vested.

Stock Options

There were no stock options granted by the Company in 2012, 2013, 2014, or during the six months ended June 30, 2015.

The following table summarizes the share option activity under the plans as of the date and for the period indicated:

 

     Shares      Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
     Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term

(in years)
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

(in thousands)
 

Outstanding stock options at December 31, 2014

     1,016,490       $ 10.13         1.6       $ 11,770   

Granted

     —              

Exercised

     (112,115         

Forfeited

     (5,000         

Expired

     —              
  

 

 

          

Outstanding stock options at June 30, 2015

     899,375       $ 10.20         1.2       $ 10,761   
  

 

 

          

Exercisable options at June 30, 2015

     899,375       $ 10.20         1.2       $ 10,761   

Unvested options at June 30, 2015

     —              

The Company recorded stock option compensation expense of $400 and $2,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, and $1,700 and $6,000 for the six months period June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 was $1,340,000 and $894,000, respectively.

Restricted Stock

The weighted-average grant-date fair value per share in the table below is calculated by taking the total aggregate cost of the restricted shares issued divided by the number of shares of restricted stock issued. The aggregate cost of the restricted stock was calculated by multiplying the number of shares granted at each of the grant dates by the closing stock price of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant. The following table summarizes the restricted stock activity under the Equity Plan for the period indicated:

 

     Number of Shares      Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value
per Share
 

Restricted Stock:

     

Unvested at December 31, 2014

     309,506       $ 16.41   

Granted

     117,800         20.97   

Vested

     (50,500      12.49   

Cancelled and forfeited

     (8,925      16.69   
  

 

 

    

Unvested at June 30, 2015

     367,881       $ 18.40   
  

 

 

    

Restricted stock compensation expense related to the restricted stock grants reflected in the table above was $751,000 and $477,000 for the three month period ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 and $1,263,000 and $881,000 for the six month period ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Restricted stock awards reflected in the table above are valued at the closing stock price on the date of grant and are expensed to stock based compensation expense over the period for which the related service is performed. During the three months and six months ended June, 2015, the Company granted 40,000 shares of Restricted Stock Unit (“RSU”), respectively, under the Equity Plan to one of its executive officers. Such grant is reflected in the table above. The shares of common stock underlying the 40,000 shares of RSU will not be issued until the RSUs vest but are outstanding as of June 30, 2015. The RSUs are valued at the closing stock price on the date of grant and are expensed to stock based compensation expense over the period for which the related service is performed.

 

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Note 13 – Shareholders’ Equity

Common Stock

During the first and second quarters of 2015, the Company’s issued common stock increased by 157,003 shares, from 16,683,856 shares at December 31, 2014, to 16,840,859 shares at June 30, 2015. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, the Company issued 112,115 shares of stock from the exercise of employee stock options for a total value of $1,020,000. The Company also granted 77,800 shares of restricted stock awards to the Company’s directors and employees and cancelled 8,925 shares of unvested restricted stock related to employee turnover, resulting in a net issuance of restricted stock of 68,875 shares. Further, the Company cancelled 23,987 shares of restricted stock that had a value of $504,000, when employees elected to pay their tax obligation via the repurchase of the stock by the Company.

The Equity Plan, as amended, allows employees to make an election to have a portion of their restricted stock that became vested during the year repurchased by the Company to provide funds to pay the employee’s tax obligation related to the vesting of the stock.

Preferred Stock

As discussed in Note 3 - Business Combinations, the Company completed the merger with 1st Enterprise on November 30, 2014. As part of the Merger Agreement, 16,400 shares of preferred stock issued by 1st Enterprise as part of the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF) program of the United States Department of Treasury was converted into substantially 16,400 identical shares with identical terms. CU Bancorp Preferred Stock has a liquidation preference amount of $1,000 per share, designated as the Company’s Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A. The U.S. Department of the Treasury is the sole holder of all outstanding shares of CU Bancorp Preferred Stock. The CU Bancorp Preferred Stock has an estimated life of four years and the fair value was $15.9 million at the merger date, resulting in a net discount of $479,000. The life-to-date and the year-to-date accretion on the net discount as of June 30, 2015 is $566,000 and $483,000, respectively. The net carrying value of the CU Bancorp Preferred Stock is $16.5 million ($16.4 million net of $87,000 net discount) as of June 30, 2015. Dividends on the CU Bancorp Preferred Stock are paid to the U.S. Department of the Treasury on a quarterly basis. See Note 22 - Regulatory Matters, in the Company’s 2014 Form 10-K, for restrictions on dividends.

The Company currently includes the Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A, in its Tier I capital. Under Basel III, the CU Bancorp Preferred Stock continues to be included in Tier I Risk-Based Capital because non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock remained classified as Tier I capital following the enactment of Dodd Frank.

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following table presents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Before Tax      Tax Effect      Net of Tax  

Three Months Ended – June 30, 2015

  

  

Net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities:

        

Beginning balance

   $ 1,215       $ (514    $ 701   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized (losses) arising during the period

     (1,297      548         (749
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ (82    $ 34       $ (48
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Before Tax      Tax Effect      Net of Tax  

Three Months Ended – June 30, 2014

  

Net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities:

  

Beginning balance

   $ (80    $ 33       $ (47
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains arising during the period

     411         (169      242   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 331       $ (136    $ 195   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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     Before Tax      Tax Effect      Net of Tax  

Six Months Ended – June 30, 2015

     

Net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities:

     

Beginning balance

   $ 333       $ (143    $ 190   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized (losses) arising during the period

     (415      177         (238
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ (82    $ 34       $ (48
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Before Tax      Tax Effect      Net of Tax  

Six Months Ended – June 30, 2014

     

Net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities:

     

Beginning balance

   $ (348    $ 143       $ (205
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains arising during the period

     679         (279      400   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 331       $ (136    $ 195   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Note 14 - Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

From time to time the Company is a party to claims and legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues for any probable loss contingencies that are estimable and discloses any material losses. As of June 30, 2015, there were no legal proceedings against the Company the outcome of which are expected to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows, as a whole.

Financial Instruments with Off Balance Sheet Risk

See Note 21 – Commitments and Contingencies in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. Financial instruments with off balance sheet risk include commitments to extend credit of $756 million and $720 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively. Included in the aforementioned commitments were standby letters of credit outstanding of $76.9 million and $57.2 million at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively.

Note 15 - Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities

Fair Value Measurement

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market for an asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC Topic 825 requires disclosure of the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including both those financial assets and financial liabilities that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis and a non-recurring basis. The methodologies for estimating the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair value, and for estimating the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities not recorded at fair value, are discussed below.

In accordance with accounting guidance, the Company groups its financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are as follows:

 

    Level 1 – Observable unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

    Level 2 – Significant other observable market based inputs, other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data. This includes quoted prices in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data, either directly or indirectly. This would include those financial instruments that are valued using models or other valuation methodologies where substantially all of the assumptions are observable in the marketplace, can be derived from observable market data or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.

 

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    Level 3 – Significant unobservable inputs that reflect a reporting entity’s evaluation about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. Assets measured utilizing level 3 are for positions that are not traded in active markets or are subject to transfer restrictions, and or where valuations are adjusted to reflect illiquidity and or non-transferability. These assumptions are not corroborated by market data. This is comprised of financial instruments whose fair value is estimated based on internally developed models or methodologies utilizing significant inputs that are generally less readily observable from objective sources. Management uses a combination of reviews of the underlying financial statements, appraisals and management’s judgment regarding credit quality to determine the value of the financial asset or liability.

A financial instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Management maximizes the use of observable inputs and attempts to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value measurements. The following is a description of both the general and specific valuation methodologies used for certain instruments measured at fair value, as well as the general classification of these instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy.

Investment Securities Available-for-Sale and Held-to-Maturity: The fair value of securities available-for-sale and held-to-maturity may be determined by obtaining quoted prices in active markets, when available, from nationally recognized securities exchanges (Level 1 financial assets). If quoted market prices are not available, the fair value is determined by a matrix pricing, which is a mathematical technique widely used in the securities industry to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted prices for the specific securities but rather by relying on the securities’ relationship to other benchmark quoted securities which are observable market inputs (Level 2 financial assets). Debt securities’ pricing is generally obtained from one of the matrix pricing models developed from one of the three national pricing agencies. In cases where significant credit valuation adjustments are incorporated into the estimation of fair value, reported amounts are classified as Level 3 financial assets.

Securities classified as available-for-sale are accounted for at their current fair value rather than amortized historical cost. Unrealized gains or losses are excluded from net income and reported as an amount net of taxes as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income included in shareholders’ equity. Securities classified as held-to-maturity are accounted for at their amortized historical cost.

The Company considers the inputs utilized to fair value the U.S. Agency and U.S. Sponsored Agency issued debt securities (callable and non-callable notes), mortgage backed securities guaranteed by those agencies, collateralized mortgage obligations issued by those agencies, corporate bond securities, and municipal securities to be observable market inputs and classified these financial assets within the Level 2 fair value hierarchy. Management bases the fair value for these investments primarily on third party price indications provided by independent pricing sources utilized by the Company’s bond accounting system to obtain market pricing on its individual securities. Vining Sparks, who provides the Company with its bond accounting system, utilizes pricing from three independent third party pricing sources for pricing of securities. These third party pricing sources utilize, quoted market prices or when quoted market prices are not available, then fair values are estimated using nationally recognized third-party vendor pricing models of which the inputs are observable. However, the fair value reported may not be indicative of the amounts that could be realized in an actual market exchange.

The fair value of the Company’s U.S. Agency and U.S. Sponsored Agency callable and non-callable agency securities, mortgage backed securities guaranteed by those agencies, and collateralized mortgage obligations issued by those agencies, corporate bond securities, and municipal securities are calculated using an option adjusted spread model from one of the nationally recognized third-party pricing models. Depending on the assumptions used and the treasury yield curve and other interest rate assumptions, the fair value could vary significantly in the near term.

Loans: The fair value for loans is estimated by discounting the expected future cash flows using current interest rates at which similar loans would be made to borrowers with similar credit ratings for the same remaining maturities, adjusted for the allowance for loan loss. Loans are segregated by type such as commercial and industrial, commercial real estate, construction and other loans with similar credit characteristics and are further segmented into fixed and variable interest rate loan categories. Expected future cash flows are projected based on contractual cash flows, adjusted for estimated prepayments. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of loans are unobservable and accordingly, these financial assets are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

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Impaired Loans: The fair value of impaired loans is determined based on an evaluation at the time the loan is originally identified as impaired, and periodically thereafter, at the lower of cost or fair value. Fair value on impaired loans is measured based on the value of the collateral securing these loans, less costs to sell, if the loan is collateral dependent, or based on the discounted cash flows for non collateral dependent loans. Collateral on collateral dependent loans may be real estate and/or business assets including equipment, inventory and/or accounts receivable and is determined based on appraisals performed by qualified licensed appraisers hired by the Company. Appraised and reported values may be discounted based on management’s historical knowledge, changes in market conditions from the time of valuation, and/or management’s expertise and knowledge of the client and client’s business. Such discounts are typically significant and unobservable. For unsecured loans, the estimated future discounted cash flows of the business or borrower, are used in evaluating the fair value. Impaired loans are reviewed and evaluated on at least a quarterly basis for additional impairment and adjusted accordingly, based on the same factors identified above. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of impaired loans are unobservable and accordingly, these financial assets are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

Interest Rate Swap Contracts: The fair value of the interest rate swap contracts are provided by independent third party vendors that specializes in interest rate risk management and fair value analysis using a model that utilizes current market data to estimate cash flows of the interest rate swaps utilizing the future London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) yield curve for accruing and the future Overnight Index Swap Rate (“OIS”) yield curve for discounting through the maturity date of the interest rate swap contract. The future LIBOR yield curve is the primary input in the valuation of the interest rate swap contracts. Both the LIBOR and OIS yield curves are readily observable in the marketplace. Accordingly, the interest rate swap contracts are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Other Real Estate Owned: The fair value of other real estate owned is generally based on real estate appraisals (unless more current market information is available) less estimated costs to sell. These appraisals may utilize a single valuation approach or a combination of approaches including comparable sales and the income approach. Adjustments are routinely made in the appraisal process by the appraisers to adjust for differences between the comparable sales and income data available. Such adjustments are typically significant. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of other real estate owned are unobservable and accordingly, these financial assets are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

SBA Servicing Asset: The Company acquired an SBA servicing asset with the PC Bancorp merger and has added to the servicing asset with the sale of SBA loans subsequent to the merger. This servicing asset was initially fair valued at the merger date based on an evaluation by a third party who specializes in fair value analysis. The fair value of this asset was based on the estimated discounted future cash flows utilizing market based discount rates and estimated prepayment speeds. The discount rate was based on the current U.S. Treasury yield curve, plus a spread for marketplace risk associated with these assets. Prepayment speeds were selected based on the historical prepayments of similar SBA pools. The prepayment speeds determine the timing of the cash flows. The SBA servicing asset is amortized over the estimated life of the loans based on an effective yield approach. In addition, the Company’s servicing asset is evaluated regularly for impairment by discounting the estimated future cash flows using market-based discount rates and prepayment speeds. If the calculated present value of the servicing asset declines below the Company’s current carrying value, the servicing asset is written down to its present value. Based on the Company’s methodology in its valuation of the SBA servicing asset, the current carrying value is estimated to approximate the fair value. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of SBA servicing asset are unobservable and accordingly, these financial assets are classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

Non-Maturing Deposits: The fair values for non-maturing deposits (deposits with no contractual termination date), which include non-interest bearing demand deposits, interest bearing transaction accounts, money market deposits and savings accounts are equal to their carrying amounts, which represent the amounts payable on demand. Because the carrying value and fair value are by definition identical, and accordingly non-maturity deposits are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy, these balances are not listed in the following tables.

Maturing Deposits: The fair values of fixed maturity certificates of deposit (time deposits) are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies current market deposit interest rates to the Company’s current certificates of deposit interest rates for similar term certificates. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of maturing deposits are observable and accordingly, these financial liabilities are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

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Securities Sold under Agreements to Repurchase (“Repos”): The fair value of securities sold under agreements to repurchase is estimated based on the discounted value of future cash flows expected to be paid on the deposits. The carrying amounts of Repos with maturities of 90 days or less approximate their fair values. The fair value of Repos with maturities greater than 90 days is estimated based on the discounted value of the contractual future cash flows. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of securities sold under agreements to repurchase are observable and accordingly, these financial liabilities are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Subordinated Debentures: The fair value of the three variable rate subordinated debentures (“debentures”) is estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies the three month LIBOR plus the margin index at June 30, 2015, to the cash flows from the debentures, based on the actual interest rate the debentures were accruing at June 30, 2015. Because all three of the debentures re-priced on June 11, 2015 based on the current three month LIBOR index rate plus the index margin at that date, and with relatively little to no change in the three month LIBOR index rate from the re-pricing date through June 30, 2015, the current face value of the debentures and their calculated fair value are approximately equal. The inputs utilized in determining the fair value of subordinated debentures are observable and accordingly, these financial liabilities are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Fair Value of Commitments: Loan commitments that are priced on an index plus a margin to a market rate of interest are reported at the carrying value of the loan commitment. Loan commitments on which the committed fixed interest rate is less than the current market rate were insignificant at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.

Interest Rate Risk: The Company assumes interest rate risk (the risk that general interest rate levels will change) as a result of its normal operations. As a result, the fair values of the Company’s financial instruments will change when interest rate levels change and that change may be either favorable or unfavorable to the Company. Management attempts to match maturities of assets and liabilities to the extent believed necessary to minimize interest rate risk. However, borrowers with fixed rate obligations are less likely to prepay in a rising rate environment and more likely to prepay in a falling rate environment. In addition, depositors who are receiving fixed rates are more likely to withdraw funds before maturity in a rising rate environment and less likely to do so in a falling rate environment. Management monitors rates and maturities of assets and liabilities and attempts to minimize interest rate risk by adjusting terms of new loans and deposits and by investing in securities with terms that mitigate the Company’s overall rate risk.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The following table summarizes the financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of the dates indicated, segregated by the level of the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value (dollars in thousands):

 

     Fair
Value
     (Level 1)      (Level 2)      (Level 3)  

Financial Assets – June 30, 2015

           

Investment securities available-for-sale

   $ 217,481       $ —         $ 217,481       $ —     

Interest Rate Swap Contracts

     738         —           738         —     

Financial Liabilities – June 30, 2015

           

Interest Rate Swap Contracts

   $ 3,009       $ —         $ 3,009       $ —     

Financial Assets – December 31, 2014

           

Investment securities available-for-sale

   $ 226,962       $ —         $ 226,962       $ —     

Interest Rate Swap Contracts

     719         —           719         —     

Financial Liabilities – December 31, 2014

           

Interest Rate Swap Contracts

   $ 3,515       $ —         $ 3,515       $ —     

At December 31, 2014 and at June 30, 2015 the Company had no financial assets or liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis that required the use of significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). Additionally, there were no transfers of assets either between Level 1 and Level 2 nor in or out of Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy for assets measured on a recurring basis for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

 

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Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis

The Company may be required periodically, to measure certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, that is, the instruments are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis, but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (for example, when there is evidence of impairment). These include assets that are measured at the lower of cost or market value that were recognized at fair value below cost at the end of or during the period.

There were no transfers of assets either between Level 1 and Level 2 nor in or out of Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy for assets measured on a non-recurring basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015. There was one loan transferred to other real estate owned “OREO” during the quarter ending June 30, 2014 at a value of $219,000.

The following table presents the balances of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis by caption and by level within the fair value hierarchy as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Recorded
Investment
Carrying
Value
     Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

Financial Assets – June 30, 2015

           

Collateral dependent impaired loans with specific valuation allowance and/or partial charge-offs (non-purchased credit impaired loans)

   $ 1,360       $ —         $ —         $ 1,360   

Other real estate owned

     850         —           —           850   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,210       $ —         $ —         $ 2,210   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Financial Assets – December 31, 2014

           

Collateral dependent impaired loans with specific valuation allowance and/or partial charge-offs (non-purchased credit impaired loans)

   $ 1,173       $ —         $ —         $ 1,173   

Other real estate owned

     850         —           —           850   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,023       $ —         $ —         $ 2,023   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The following table presents the significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurements for Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Fair
Value
     Valuation
Methodology
   Valuation Model
and/or Factors
   Unobservable
Input Values

Financial Assets – June 30, 2015

           

Collateral dependent impaired loans with specific valuation allowance and/or partial charge-off

   $ 793       Credit loss estimate of
aged accounts receivable
collateral
   Credit loss factors on
aging of accounts
receivable collateral
   20%-80%
         Estimated selling costs    15%
     567       Commercial real estate
appraisal
   Sales approach

Estimated selling costs

   8%
  

 

 

          
     1,360            
  

 

 

          

Other real estate owned

     850       Residential real estate
appraisal
   Sales approach

Estimated selling costs

   6%
  

 

 

          

Total

   $ 2,210            
  

 

 

          
     Fair
Value
     Valuation
Methodology
   Valuation Model
and/or Factors
   Unobservable
Input Values

Financial Assets – December 31, 2014

           

Collateral dependent impaired loans with specific valuation allowance and/or partial charge-off

   $ 1,173       Credit loss estimate of
aged accounts receivable
collateral
   Credit loss factors on
aging of accounts
receivable collateral
   10%-80%
         Estimated selling costs    15%

Other real estate owned

     850       Residential real estate
appraisal
   Sales approach

Estimated selling costs

   6%
  

 

 

          

Total

   $ 2,023            
  

 

 

          

 

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Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

ASC Topic 825 requires disclosure of the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including those financial assets and financial liabilities that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis or on a non-recurring basis. The estimated fair value amounts have been determined by the Company using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. However, considerable judgment is required to develop the estimates of fair value. Accordingly, the estimates presented below are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Company could have realized in a current market exchange as of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on the estimated fair value amounts. The description of the valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities measured at fair value and for estimating fair value for financial instruments not recorded at fair value has been described above.

The table below presents the carrying amounts and fair values of financial instruments based on their fair value hierarchy indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

                   Fair Value Measurements  
     Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value      Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

June 30, 2015

              

Financial Assets

              

Investment securities available-for-sale

   $ 217,481         217,481       $ —         $ 217,481       $ —     

Investment securities held-to-maturity

     44,014         43,808         —           43,808         —     

Loans, net

     1,698,880         1,737,061         —           —           1,737,061   

Interest rate swap contracts

     738         738         —           738         —     

Financial Liabilities

              

Certificates of deposit

     59,576         59,576         —           59,576         —     

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     14,424         14,424         —           14,424         —     

Subordinated debentures

     9,618         12,372         —           12,372         —     

Interest rate swap contracts

     3,009         3,009         —           3,009         —     

December 31, 2014

              

Financial Assets

              

Investment securities available-for-sale

   $ 226,962         226,962       $ —         $ 226,962       $ —     

Investment securities held-to-maturity

     47,147         47,159         —           47,159         —     

Loans, net

     1,612,113         1,627,717         —           —           1,627,717   

Interest rate swap contracts

     719         719         —           719         —     

Financial Liabilities

              

Certificates of deposit

     64,840         64,857         —           64,857         —     

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     9,411         9,411         —           9,411         —     

Subordinated debentures

     9,538         12,372         —           12,372         —     

Interest rate swap contracts

     3,515         3,515         —           3,515         —     

 

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ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

See “Cautionary Statement for Purposes of the “Safe Harbor” Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995” below relating to “forward-looking” statements included in this report.

The following is management’s discussion and analysis of the major factors that influenced the results of the operations and financial condition of CU Bancorp, the (“Company”) for the current period. This analysis should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10K and with the unaudited financial statements and notes as set forth in this report.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR PURPOSES OF THE “SAFE HARBOR” PROVISIONS OF THE

PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

We have made forward-looking statements in this document about the Company, for which the Company claims the protection of the safe harbor provisions contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

The Company’s forward-looking statements include descriptions of plans or objectives of management for future operations, products or services, and forecasts of its revenues, earnings or other measures of economic performance. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They often include the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate” “anticipate,” “project”, “assume”, “plan”, “predict” or words of similar meaning, or future or conditional verbs such as “will,” “would,” “should,” “could” or “may.”

We make forward-looking statements as set forth above and regarding projected sources of funds, availability of acquisition and growth opportunities, dividends, adequacy of our allowance for loan and lease losses and provision for loan and lease losses, our loan portfolio and subsequent charge-offs. Forward-looking statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and are generally beyond our control. There are many factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements. Risks and uncertainties that could cause our financial performance to differ materially from our goals, plans, expectations and projections expressed in forward-looking statements include those set forth in our filings with the SEC, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the following:

 

    Current and future economic and market conditions in the United States generally or in the communities we serve, including the effects of declines in property values, high unemployment rates and overall slowdowns in economic growth should these events occur.

 

    The effects of trade, monetary and fiscal policies and laws.

 

    Possible losses of businesses and population in Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura, San Bernardino or Riverside Counties.

 

    Loss of customer checking and money-market account deposits as customers pursue other higher-yield investments, particularly in a rising rate environment.

 

    Possible changes in consumer and business spending and saving habits and the related effect on our ability to increase assets and to attract deposits.

 

    Competitive market pricing factors.

 

    Deterioration in economic conditions that could result in increased loan losses.

 

    Risks associated with concentrations in real estate related loans.

 

    Risks associated with concentrations in deposits.

 

    Loss of significant customers.

 

    Market interest rate volatility.

 

    Possible changes in the creditworthiness of customers and the possible impairment of the collectability of loans.

 

    Changes in the speed of loan prepayments, loan origination and sale volumes, loan loss provisions, charge offs or actual loan losses.

 

    Compression of our net interest margin.

 

    Stability of funding sources and continued availability of borrowings to the extent necessary.

 

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    Changes in legal or regulatory requirements or the results of regulatory examinations that could restrict growth.

 

    The inability of our internal disclosure controls and procedures to prevent or detect all errors or fraudulent acts.

 

    Inability of our framework to manage risks associated with our business, including operational risk and credit risk, to mitigate all risk or loss to us.

 

    Our ability to keep pace with technological changes, including our ability to identify and address cyber-security risks such as data security breaches, “denial of service” attacks, “hacking” and identity theft.

 

    The effects of man-made and natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, droughts, brush fires, tornadoes and hurricanes.

 

    The effect of labor and port slowdowns on small businesses.

 

    Risks of loss of funding of Small Business Administration or SBA loan programs, or changes in those programs.

 

    Lack of take-out financing or problems with sales or lease-up with respect to our construction loans.

 

    Our ability to recruit and retain key management and staff.

 

    Availability of, and competition for, acquisition opportunities.

 

    Risks associated with merger and acquisition integration.

 

    Significant decline in the market value of the Company that could result in an impairment of goodwill.

 

    Regulatory limits on the Bank’s ability to pay dividends to the Company.

 

    New accounting pronouncements.

 

    The impact of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank Act”) and related rules and regulations on the Company’s business operations and competitiveness.

 

    Our ability to comply with applicable capital and liquidity requirements (including the finalized Basel III capital standards), including our ability to generate capital internally or raise capital on favorable terms.

 

    Increased regulation of the securities markets, including the securities of the Company, whether pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or otherwise.

 

    The effects of any damage to our reputation resulting from developments related to any of the items identified above.

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made. The Company does not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect circumstances or events that occur after the date the forward-looking statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

For a more complete discussion of these risks and uncertainties, see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and particularly, Item 1A, titled “Risk Factors.”

OVERVIEW

CU Bancorp (the “Company”) is a bank holding company whose operating subsidiary is California United Bank. As a bank holding company, CU Bancorp is subject to regulation of the Federal Reserve Board (“FRB”). The term “Company”, as used throughout this document, refers to the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of income of CU Bancorp and California United Bank.

California United Bank (the “Bank”) is a full-service commercial business bank offering a broad range of banking products and services including: deposit services, lending and cash management to small and medium-sized businesses in Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura and San Bernardino counties, to non-profit organizations, to business principals and entrepreneurs, to the professional community, including attorneys, certified public accountants, financial advisors, healthcare providers and investors. The Bank opened for business in 2005, with its current headquarters office located in Los Angeles, California. As a state chartered non-member bank, the Bank is subject to regulation by the California Department of Business Oversight, (the “DBO”) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The deposits of the Bank are insured by the FDIC, to the maximum amount allowed by law.

 

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Total assets increased $205.7 million or 9.1% from December 31, 2014 to $2.5 billion at June 30, 2015, mainly due to deposit growth of $189.8 million and earnings available to common shareholders of $8.9 million. Loan growth during the period was concentrated primarily in Owner-Occupied Nonresidential Property loans of $39.1 million and Other Nonresidential Property loans of $41.6 million. Funding the loan growth of the Company for the six months ended June 30, 2015 were increases in non-interest bearing demand deposits of $102.1 million, interest bearing deposits of $45.5 million and money market and savings deposit of $47.5 million. At both June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, non-interest bearing deposits represented 53% of total deposits.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Various elements of our accounting policies, by their nature, are inherently subject to estimation techniques, valuation assumptions, and other subjective assessments. We have identified several accounting policies that, due to judgments, estimates, and assumptions inherent in those policies, are essential to an understanding of our consolidated financial statements. These policies relate to the methodologies that determine our allowance for loan loss, the valuation of impaired loans, the classification and valuation of investment securities, accounting for and valuation of derivatives and hedging activities, accounting for business combinations, evaluation of goodwill for impairment, and accounting for income taxes.

Our critical accounting policies are described in greater detail in the Company’s 2014 Annual Report on Form 10-K, Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. We believe that our most critical accounting policies upon which our financial condition depends, and which involve the most complex or subjective decisions or assessment, are as follows:

Allowance for Loan Loss

The allowance for loan loss (“Allowance”) is established by a provision for loan losses that is charged against income, increased by charges to expense and decreased by charge-offs (net of recoveries). Loan charge-offs are charged against the Allowance when management believes the collectability of loan principal becomes unlikely. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the Allowance.

The Allowance is an amount that management believes will be adequate to absorb estimated charge-offs related to specifically identified loans, as well as probable loan losses inherent in the balance of the loan portfolio, based on an evaluation of the collectability of existing loans and prior loss experience. Management carefully monitors changing economic conditions, the concentrations of loan categories and collateral, the financial condition of the borrowers, the history of the loan portfolio, as well as historical peer group loan loss data to determine the adequacy of the Allowance. The Allowance is based upon estimates, and actual charge-offs may vary from the estimates. No assurance can be given that adverse future economic conditions will not lead to delinquent loans, increases in the provision for loan losses and/or charge-offs. These evaluations are inherently subjective, as they require estimates that are susceptible to significant revisions as conditions change. In addition, regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, may require additions to the Allowance based on their judgment about information available at the time of their examinations. Management believes that the Allowance as of June 30, 2015 is adequate to absorb known and probable losses in the loan portfolio.

The Allowance consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that are categorized as impaired. For loans that are categorized as impaired, a specific reserve is established when the fair value of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers non-impaired loans and is based on the type of loan and historical charge-off experience adjusted for qualitative factors.

 

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While the general allowance covers all non-impaired loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for the various qualitative factors, the change in the Allowance from one reporting period to the next may not directly correlate to the rate of change of nonperforming loans for the following reasons:

 

    A loan moving from the impaired performing status to an impaired non-performing status does not mandate an automatic increase in reserves. The individual loan is evaluated for a specific reserve requirement when the loan moves to the impaired status, not when the loan moves to non-performing status. In addition, the impaired loan is reevaluated at each subsequent reporting period. Impaired loans are evaluated by comparing the fair value of the collateral less costs to sell, if the loan is collateral dependent, and the present value of the expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, if the loan is not collateral dependent.

 

    Not all impaired loans require a specific reserve. The payment performance of the borrower may require an impaired classification, but the collateral evaluation may support adequate collateral coverage. For a number of impaired loans in which borrower performance is in question, the collateral coverage may be sufficient because a partial charge off of the loan has been taken. In those instances, neither a general reserve nor a specific reserve is assessed.

Investment Securities

The Company currently classifies its investment securities under the available-for-sale and held-to-maturity classification. Under the available-for-sale classification, securities can be sold in response to certain conditions, such as changes in interest rates, changes in the credit quality of the securities, when the credit quality of a security does not conform with current investment policy guidelines, fluctuations in deposit levels, loan demand or need to restructure the portfolio to better match the maturity or interest rate characteristics of liabilities with assets. Securities classified as available-for-sale are accounted for at their current fair value rather than amortized cost. Unrealized gains or losses are excluded from net income and reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) included in shareholders’ equity. Under the held-to-maturity classification, if the Company has the intent and the ability at the time of purchase to hold these securities until maturity, they are classified as held-to-maturity and are stated at amortized cost.

As of each reporting date, the Company evaluates the securities portfolio to determine if there has been an other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) on each of the individual securities in the investment securities portfolio. If it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of a debt security not impaired at acquisition, an OTTI shall be considered to have occurred. Once an OTTI is considered to have occurred, the credit portion of the loss is required to be recognized in current earnings, while the non-credit portion of the loss is recorded as a separate component of shareholders’ equity.

In estimating whether an other-than-temporary impairment loss has occurred, management considers, among other things, (i) the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, (ii) the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, (iii) the current liquidity and volatility of the market for each of the individual security categories, (iv) the current slope and shape of the Treasury yield curve, along with where the economy is in the current interest rate cycle, (v) the spread differential between the current spread and the long-term average spread for that security category, (vi) the projected cash flows from the specific security type, (vii) any financial guarantee and financial condition of the guarantor and (viii) the intent and ability of the Company to retain its investment in the issue for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value.

If it’s determined that an OTTI exists on a debt security, the Company then determines if (a) it intends to sell the security or (b) it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery. If either of the conditions is met, the Company will recognize the amount of the OTTI in earnings equal to the difference between the security’s fair value and its adjusted cost basis. If neither of the conditions is met, the Company determines (a) the amount of the impairment related to credit loss and (b) the amount of the impairment due to all other factors. The difference between the present value of the cash flows expected to be collected and the amortized cost basis is the credit loss. The credit loss is the portion of the other-than-temporary impairment that is recognized in earnings and is a reduction to the cost basis of the security. The portion of total impairment related to all other factors is included in other comprehensive income. Significant judgment is required in this analysis that includes, but is not limited to assumptions regarding the collectability of principal and interest, future default rates, future prepayment speeds, the amount of current delinquencies that will result in defaults and the amount of eventual recoveries expected on these defaulted loans through the foreclosure process.

Realized gains and losses on sales of securities are recognized in earnings at the time of sale and are determined on a specific-identification basis. Purchase premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the expected maturity term of the securities. For mortgage-backed securities, the amortization or accretion is based on

 

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estimated average lives of the securities. The lives of these securities can fluctuate based on the amount of prepayments received on the underlying collateral of the securities. The amount of prepayments varies from time to time based on the interest rate environment and the rate of turnover of mortgages.

Derivative Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities

All derivative instruments (interest rate swap contracts) were recognized on the consolidated balance sheet at their current fair value. For derivatives designated as fair value hedges, changes in the fair value of the derivative and hedged item related to the hedged risk are recognized in earnings. ASC Topic 815 establishes the accounting and reporting standards requiring that every derivative instrument (including certain derivative instruments embedded in other contracts) be recorded in the balance sheet as either an asset or liability measured at its fair value. ASC Topic 815 requires that changes in the derivative’s fair value be recognized currently in earnings unless specific hedge accounting criteria are met. Accounting for qualifying hedges allows a derivative’s gains and losses to offset related results on the hedged item in the income statement, and requires that a company must formally document, designate and assess the effectiveness of transactions that receive hedge accounting.

On the date a derivative contract is entered into by the Company, the Company will designate the derivative contract as either a fair value hedge (i.e. a hedge of the fair value of a recognized asset or liability), a cash flow hedge (i.e. a hedge of the variability of cash flows to be received or paid related to a recognized asset or liability), or a stand-alone derivative (i.e. an instrument with no hedging designation). For a derivative designated as a fair value hedge, the changes in the fair value of the derivative and of the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in earnings. If the derivative is designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portions of changes in the fair value of the derivative are recorded in other comprehensive income and are recognized in the income statement when the hedged item affects earnings. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting are reported currently in earnings, as other non-interest income. The Company also formally assesses the hedge’s current effectiveness in offsetting changes in the fair values of the hedged items. On an ongoing basis, the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions are evaluated as to how effective they are in offsetting changes in fair values or cash flows of hedged items.

The Company will discontinue hedge accounting prospectively when it is determined that the derivative is no longer effective in offsetting change in the fair value of the hedged item, the derivative expires or is sold, is terminated, or management determines that designation of the derivative as a hedging instrument is no longer appropriate. When hedge accounting is discontinued, the Company will continue to carry the derivative on the balance sheet at its fair value (if applicable), but will no longer adjust the hedged asset or liability for changes in fair value. The adjustments of the carrying amount of the hedged asset or liability will be accounted for in the same manner as other components of the carrying amount of that asset or liability, and the adjustments are amortized to interest income over the remaining life of the hedged item upon the termination of hedge accounting.

Business Combinations

The Company has a number of fair value adjustments recorded within the consolidated financial statements at June 30, 2015 that were created from the business combinations with California Oaks State Bank (COSB), Premier Commercial Bancorp (PC Bancorp) and 1st Enterprise Bank (1st Enterprise) on December 31, 2010, July 31, 2012 and November 30, 2014, respectively. These fair value adjustments include the Company’s goodwill, fair value adjustments on loans, core deposit intangible assets, other intangible assets, fair value adjustments to acquired lease obligations, fair value adjustments to high rate certificates of deposit and fair value adjustments on derivatives. The assets and liabilities acquired through acquisition have been accounted for at fair value as of the date of the acquisition. The goodwill that was recorded on the transactions represented the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired. If the consideration paid would have been less than the fair value of the net assets acquired, the Company would have recorded a bargain purchase gain. Goodwill is not amortized and is reviewed for impairment on October 1st of each year. If an event occurs or circumstances change that results in it being probable that the Company’s fair value has declined below its book value, the Company would perform an impairment analysis at that time.

Based on the Company’s 2014 goodwill impairment analysis, no impairment to goodwill has occurred. The Company is a sole reporting unit for evaluation of goodwill. We believe the estimated fair value of the Company is above its carrying value at June 30, 2015.

 

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The core deposit intangibles on non-maturing deposits, which represent the intangible value of depositor relationships resulting from deposit liabilities assumed through acquisition, are being amortized over the projected useful lives of the deposits. The average remaining life of the core deposit intangible is estimated at approximately 7 years at June 30, 2015. Core deposit intangibles are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Purchased Credit Impaired (“PCI”) loans are acquired loans with evidence of deterioration of credit quality since origination and it is probable at the acquisition date, that the Company will not be able to collect all contractually required amounts. When the timing and/or amounts of expected cash flows on such loans are not reasonably estimable, no interest is accreted and the loan is reported as a non-accrual loan; otherwise, if the timing and amounts of expected cash flows for PCI loans are reasonably estimable, then interest is accreted and the loans are reported as accruing loans. The non-accretable portion represents the difference between the undiscounted contractual cash flows and the undiscounted expected cash flows, and also reflects the estimated credit losses in the acquired loan portfolio at the acquisition date and can fluctuate due to changes in expected cash flows during the life of the PCI loans. For non-PCI loans, loan fair value adjustments consist of an interest rate premium or discount and a credit component on each individual loan and are amortized to loan interest income based on the effective yield method over the remaining life of the loans.

Income Taxes

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are computed using the asset and liability method, which recognizes a liability or asset representing the tax effects, based on current tax law, of future deductible or taxable amounts attributable to events that have been recognized in the financial statements. A valuation allowance is established to the extent necessary to reduce the deferred tax asset to the level at which it is “more likely than not” that the tax assets or benefits will be realized. Realization of tax benefits for deductible temporary differences and operating loss carryforwards depends on having sufficient taxable income of an appropriate character within the carryback and carryforward period and that current tax law will allow for the realization of those tax benefits.

The Company is required to account for uncertainty associated with the tax positions it has taken or expects to be taken on past, current and future tax returns. Where there may be a degree of uncertainty as to the tax realization of an item, the Company may only record the tax effects (expense or benefits) from an uncertain tax position in the financial statements if, based on its merits, the position is more likely than not to be sustained on audit by the taxing authorities. The Company does not believe that it has any material uncertain tax positions taken to date that are not more likely than not to be realized.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Key Profitability Measures

The following table presents key profitability measures for the periods indicated and the dollar and percentage changes between the periods (dollars in thousands, except per share data):

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     Amounts     Increase
(Decrease)
    Amounts     Increase
(Decrease)
 
     2015     2014     $     %     2015     2014     $     %  

Net Income Available to Common Shareholders

   $ 4,955      $ 2,386      $ 2,569        107.67   $ 8,882      $ 5,052      $ 3,830        75.81
  

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

 

   

 

 

     

Earnings per share

                

Basic

   $ 0.30      $ 0.22      $ 0.08        36.65   $ 0.54      $ 0.46      $ 0.08        17.41

Diluted

   $ 0.29      $ 0.21      $ 0.08        39.42   $ 0.53      $ 0.45      $ 0.08        16.89

Return on average tangible common equity

     10.00     7.54     2.46     32.69     9.13     14.03     (4.89 )%      (34.89 )% 

Return on average assets

     0.82     0.69     0.13     19.48     0.76     0.73     0.02     2.99

Net interest rate spread

     3.73     3.70     0.03     0.81     3.77     3.67     0.10     2.72

Net interest margin

     3.87     3.88     (0.01 )%      (0.26 )%      3.91     3.85     0.06     1.56

Efficiency ratio (1)

     61.20     67.53     (6.34 )%      (9.38 )%      62.63     67.95     (5.32 )%      (7.83 )% 

 

(1) Efficiency ratio is defined as non-interest expense divided by the sum of net interest income plus non-interest income excluding gain on sale of securities, net.

Operations Performance Summary

Three Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2014

Net income available to common shareholders for the three months ended June 30, 2015 was $5.0 million, or $0.29 per diluted share, compared to $2.4 million, or $0.21 per diluted share for the three months ended June 30, 2014. The $2.6 million increase, or 108%, was primarily due to an $8.7 million increase in net interest income and a $1.3 million increase in non-interest income, offset by a $5.2 million increase in non-interest expense. These increases are due to strong organic loan growth, coupled with the merger with 1st Enterprise on November 30, 2014. Salaries and employee benefits increased $3.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2015, due to a larger employee base as a result of the merger. Further, core deposit intangible amortization increased $353,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2015, mainly due to the $7.4 million core deposit intangible recognized from the 1st Enterprise merger. Each of these increases and or decreases is more fully described below.

Six Months Ended June 30, 2015 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2014

Net income available to common shareholders for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $8.9 million, or $0.53 per diluted share, compared to $5.1 million, or $0.45 per diluted share for the six months ended June 30, 2014. The $3.8 million increase, or 76%, was primarily due to a $17.2 million increase in net interest income and a $2.1 million increase in non-interest income, offset by a $10.6 million increase in non-interest expense. These increases are due to strong organic loan growth coupled with the merger with 1st Enterprise on November 30, 2014. Salaries and employee benefits increased $6.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015, due to a larger employee base as a result of the merger. Further, core deposit intangible amortization increased $705,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2015, mainly due to the $7.4 million core deposit intangible recognized from the 1st Enterprise merger. The provision for loan losses also increased by $1.6 million, as a result of strong organic loan growth and net charge-offs of $612,000. Each of these increases and or decreases is more fully described below.

 

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Average Balances, Interest Income and Expense, Yields and Rates

The following tables present the Company’s average balance sheets, together with the total dollar amounts of interest income and interest expense and the weighted average interest yield/rate for the periods presented. All average balances are daily average balances (dollars in thousands).

 

     Three Months Ended  
     June 30, 2015     June 30, 2014  
     Average
Balance
     Interest      Average
Yield/Rate

(5)
    Average
Balance
     Interest      Average
Yield/Rate

(5)
 

Interest Earning Assets:

                

Deposits in other financial institutions

   $ 265,123       $ 246         0.37   $ 240,335       $ 206         0.34

Investment securities (2)

     265,367         1,051         1.58     101,410         467         1.84

Loans (1)

     1,673,185         20,644         4.95     958,129         12,366         5.18
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total interest-earning assets

     2,203,675         21,941         3.99     1,299,874         13,039         4.02

Non-interest-earning assets

     212,825              90,383         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total Assets

   $ 2,416,500            $ 1,390,257         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Interest Bearing Liabilities:

                

Interest bearing transaction accounts

   $ 254,843       $ 98         0.15   $ 139,425       $ 66         0.19

Money market and savings deposits

     693,090         408         0.24     353,962         222         0.25

Certificates of deposit

     60,469         46         0.31     60,752         55         0.36
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Interest Bearing Deposits

     1,008,402         552         0.22     554,139         343         0.25

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     12,571         7         0.22     15,425         11         0.29

Subordinated debentures

     9,598         109         4.49     9,439         107         4.48
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

     1,030,571         668         0.26     579,003         461         0.32

Non-interest bearing demand deposits

     1,081,090              652,094         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total funding sources

     2,111,661              1,231,097         

Non-interest bearing liabilities

     16,909              14,733         

Shareholders’ Equity

     287,930              144,427         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 2,416,500            $ 1,390,257         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Excess of interest-earning assets over funding sources

   $ 92,014            $ 68,777         

Net interest income

      $ 21,273            $ 12,578      

Net interest rate spread (3)

           3.73           3.70

Net interest margin (4)

           3.87           3.88

Core net interest margin (6)

           3.79           3.73

 

(1) Average balances of loans are calculated net of deferred loan fees and fair value discounts, but would include non-accrual loans which have a zero yield.
(2) Average balances of investment securities are presented on an amortized cost basis and thus do not include the unrealized gain or loss on the securities.
(3) Net interest rate spread represents the yield earned on average total interest-earning assets less the rate paid on average total interest bearing liabilities.
(4) Net interest margin is computed by dividing annualized net interest income by average total interest-earning assets.
(5) Annualized
(6) Core net interest margin is computed by dividing annualized net interest income, excluding accelerated accretion of fair value discounts earned on early loan payoffs of acquired loans and interest recovered or reversed on non-accrual loans or other nonrecurring items based on management’s judgement, by average total interest-earning assets. See the reconciliation table for core net interest margin.

 

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     Six Months Ended  
     June 30, 2015     June 30, 2014  
     Average
Balance
     Interest      Average
Yield/Rate

(5)
    Average
Balance
     Interest      Average
Yield/Rate

(5)
 

Interest Earning Assets:

                

Deposits in other financial institutions

   $ 231,481       $ 448         0.38   $ 252,973       $ 417         0.33

Investment securities (2)

     268,418         2,231         1.66     103,080         968         1.88

Loans (1)

     1,662,055         40,550         4.92     940,648         24,290         5.21
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total interest-earning assets

     2,161,954         43,229         4.03     1,296,701         25,675         3.99

Non-interest-earning assets

     207,466              91,362         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total Assets

   $ 2,369,420            $ 1,388,063         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Interest Bearing Liabilities:

                

Interest bearing transaction accounts

   $ 246,577       $ 198         0.16   $ 138,720       $ 124         0.18

Money market and savings deposits

     672,023         791         0.24     363,556         456         0.25

Certificates of deposit

     62,196         97         0.31     61,852         111         0.36
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Interest Bearing Deposits

     980,796         1,086         0.22     564,128         691         0.25

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     11,671         12         0.21     13,698         19         0.28

Subordinated debentures

     9,583         216         4.46     9,419         214         4.52
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

     1,002,050         1,314         0.26     587,245         924         0.32

Non-interest bearing demand deposits

     1,063,958              642,716         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total funding sources

     2,066,008              1,229,961         

Non-interest bearing liabilities

     17,982              15,658         

Shareholders’ Equity

     285,430              142,444         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

   $ 2,369,420            $ 1,388,063         
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Excess of interest-earning assets over funding sources

   $ 95,946            $ 66,740         

Net interest income

      $ 41,915            $ 24,751      

Net interest rate spread (3)

           3.77           3.67

Net interest margin (4)

           3.91           3.85

Core net interest margin (6)

           3.86           3.69

 

(1) Average balances of loans are calculated net of deferred loan fees and fair value discounts, but would include non-accrual loans which have a zero yield.
(2) Average balances of investment securities are presented on an amortized cost basis and thus do not include the unrealized market gain or loss on the securities.
(3) Net interest rate spread represents the yield earned on average total interest-earning assets less the rate paid on average total interest bearing liabilities.
(4) Net interest margin is computed by dividing annualized net interest income by average total interest-earning assets.
(5) Annualized
(6) Core net interest margin is computed by dividing annualized net interest income, excluding accelerated accretion of fair value discounts earned on early loan payoffs of acquired loans and interest recovered or reversed on non-accrual loans or other nonrecurring items based on management’s judgement, by average total interest-earning assets. See the reconciliation table for core net interest margin.

 

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The following table represents a reconciliation of GAAP net interest margin to core net interest margin used by the Company. The table presents the information for the periods indicated (dollars in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
    Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2015     2014     2015     2014  

Net Interest Income

   $ 21,273      $ 12,578      $ 41,915      $ 24,751   

Less:

        

Accelerated accretion of fair value adjustment on early loan payoffs

     474        483        584        1,002   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Core Net Interest Income

   $ 20,799      $ 12,095      $ 41,331      $ 23,749   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest margin

     3.87     3.88     3.91     3.85

Core net interest margin

     3.79     3.73     3.86     3.69
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following table reflects the composition of the net deferred loan fees, costs and fair value discounts at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 (dollars in thousands):

 

     June 30,
2015
     December 31,
2014
 

Accreting loan discount

   $ 18,541       $ 21,726   

Non-accreting loan discount

     924         567   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Acquired loans remaining discount

     19,465         22,293   

Organic loans net deferred fees

     3,988         3,471   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 23,453       $ 25,763   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Net Changes in Average Balances, Composition, Yields and Rates

The following tables set forth the composition of average interest-earning assets and average interest bearing liabilities by category and by the percentage of each category to the total for the periods indicated, including the change in average balance, composition, and yield/rate between these respective periods (dollars in thousands):

 

<
    Three Months Ended June 30,        
    2015     2014     Increase (Decrease)  
    Average
Balance
    % of
Total
    Average
Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
    % of
Total
    Average
Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
    % of
Total
    Average
Yield/
Rate
 

Interest Earning Assets:

                 

Deposits in other financial institutions

  $ 265,123        12.0     0.37   $ 240,335        18.5     0.34   $ 24,788        (6.5 )%      0.03

Investment securities

    265,367        12.0     1.58     101,410        7.8     1.84     163,957        4.2     (0.26 )% 

Loans

    1,673,185        75.9     4.95     958,129        73.7     5.18     715,056        2.2     (0.23 )% 
 

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

     

Total interest-earning assets

  $ 2,203,675        100.0     3.99   $ 1,299,874        100.0     4.02   $ 903,801          (0.03 )% 

Interest Bearing Liabilities:

                 

Non-interest bearing demand deposits

  $ 1,081,090        51.2     $ 652,094        53.0     $ 428,996        (1.8 )%   

Interest bearing transaction accounts

    254,843        12.1     0.15     139,425        11.3     0.19     115,418        0.7     (0.04 )% 

Money market and savings deposits

    693,090        32.8     0.24     353,962        28.8     0.25     339,128        4.1     (0.01 )% 

Certificates of deposit

    60,469        2.9     0.31     60,752        4.9     0.36     (283     (2.1 )%