SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the period ended March 31, 2012
For the transaction period from to
Commission File Number 0-11204
AmeriServ Financial, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code (814) 533-5300
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). x Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ¨ Yes x No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
AmeriServ Financial, Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of AmeriServ Financial, Inc. (the Company) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, AmeriServ Financial Bank (Bank), AmeriServ Trust and Financial Services Company (Trust Company), and AmeriServ Life Insurance Company (AmeriServ Life). The Bank is a state-chartered full service bank with 18 locations in Pennsylvania. The Trust Company offers a complete range of trust and financial services and administers assets valued at $1.5 billion that are not recognized on the Companys balance sheet at March 31, 2012. AmeriServ Life is a captive insurance company that engages in underwriting as a reinsurer of credit life and disability insurance.
In addition, the Parent Company is an administrative group that provides support in such areas as audit, finance, investments, loan review, general services, and marketing. Significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in preparing the consolidated financial statements.
The unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information. In the opinion of management, all adjustments consisting only of normal recurring entries considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. They are not, however, necessarily indicative of the results of consolidated operations for a full-year.
For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. The amendments in this Update result in common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. Consequently, the amendments change the wording used to describe many of the requirements in U.S. GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements. The amendments in this Update are to be applied prospectively. For public entities, the amendments are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Early application by public entities is not permitted. Additional disclosures have been provided in Note 16.
In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income. The amendments in this Update improve the comparability, clarity, consistency, and transparency of financial reporting and increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income. To increase the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income and to facilitate convergence of U.S. GAAP and IFRS, the option to present components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders equity was eliminated. The amendments require that all non-owner changes in stockholders equity be presented either in a
single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In the two-statement approach, the first statement should present total net income and its components followed consecutively by a second statement that should present total other comprehensive income, the components of other comprehensive income, and the total of comprehensive income. All entities that report items of comprehensive income, in any period presented, will be affected by the changes in this Update. For public entities, the amendments are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The amendments in this Update should be applied retrospectively, and early adoption is permitted. The Company has elected to provide the separate statement disclosure.
In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-08, Intangibles Goodwill and Other Topics (Topic 350), Testing Goodwill for Impairment. The objective of this update is to simplify how entities, both public and nonpublic, test goodwill for impairment. The amendments in the Update permit an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step goodwill impairment test described in Topic 350. The more-likely-than-not threshold is defined as having a likelihood of more than 50 percent. Under the amendments in this Update, an entity is not required to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit unless the entity determines that it is more likely than not that its fair value is less than its carrying amount. The amendments in this Update apply to all entities, both public and nonpublic, that have goodwill reported in their financial statements and are effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed as of a date before September 15, 2011, if an entitys financial statements for the most recent annual or interim period have not yet been issued or, for nonpublic entities, have not yet been made available for issuance. This ASU is not expected to have a significant impact on the Companys financial statements.
In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05. In order to defer only those changes in Update 2011-05 that relate to the presentation of reclassification adjustments, the paragraphs in this Update supersede certain pending paragraphs in Update 2011-05. Entities should continue to report reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income consistent with the presentation requirements in effect before Update 2011-05. All other requirements in Update 2011-05 are not affected by this Update, including the requirement to report comprehensive income either in a single continuous financial statement or in two separate but consecutive financial statements. Public entities should apply these requirements for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. This ASU is not expected to have a significant impact on the Companys financial statements.
Basic earnings per share include only the weighted average common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share include the weighted average common shares outstanding and any potentially dilutive common stock equivalent shares in the calculation. Treasury shares are treated as retired for earnings per share purposes. Options and warrants to purchase 261,583 common shares, at exercise prices ranging from $2.57 to $6.10, and 1,478,417 common shares,
at exercise prices ranging from $2.20 to $6.10, were outstanding as of March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per common share because to do so would be antidilutive. Dividends and accretion of discount on preferred shares are deducted from net income in the calculation of earnings per common share.
On a consolidated basis, cash and cash equivalents include cash and due from depository institutions, interest-bearing deposits, federal funds sold and short-term investments in money market funds. The Company made $23,000 in income tax payments in the first three months of 2012 as compared to $5,000 for the first three months of 2011. The Company made total interest payments of $2,391,000 in the first three months of 2012 compared to $3,499,000 in the same 2011 period. The Company had non-cash transfers to other real estate owned (OREO) in the amounts of $35,000 and $34,000 in the first quarters of 2012 and 2011, respectively.
The cost basis and fair values of investment securities are summarized as follows (in thousands):
Investment securities available for sale (AFS):
Investment securities held to maturity (HTM):
Investment securities available for sale (AFS):
Investment securities held to maturity (HTM):
Maintaining investment quality is a primary objective of the Companys investment policy which, subject to certain limited exceptions, prohibits the purchase of any investment security below a Moodys Investors Service or Standard & Poors rating of A. At March 31, 2012, 97.3% of the portfolio was rated AAA as compared to 98.4% at December 31, 2011. None of the portfolio was rated below A or unrated at March 31, 2012. The Company has no exposure to subprime mortgage loans in the investment portfolio. At March 31, 2012, the Companys consolidated investment securities portfolio had a modified duration of approximately 2.03 years. Total proceeds from the sale of AFS securities were $16.5 million in the first three months of 2011. The Company had no such sales in the first quarter of 2012. The Company had no gross gains or losses on investment security sales in the first three months of 2012 compared to $358,000 of gross investment security losses for the first three months of 2011.
The book value of securities, both available for sale and held to maturity, pledged to secure public and trust deposits, and certain Federal Home Loan Bank borrowings was $81,530,000 at December 31, 2012 and $83,235,000 at December 31, 2011.
The following tables present information concerning investments with unrealized losses as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in thousands):
Investment securities available for sale:
Investment securities held to maturity:
Investment securities available for sale:
Investment securities held to maturity:
The unrealized losses are primarily a result of increases in market yields from the time of purchase. In general, as market yields rise, the value of securities will decrease; as market yields fall, the fair value of securities will increase. There are ten positions that are considered temporarily impaired at March 31, 2012, an increase of five from December 31, 2011. Management generally views changes in fair value caused by changes in interest rates as temporary; therefore, these securities have not been classified as other-than-temporarily impaired. Management has also concluded that based on current information we expect to continue to receive scheduled interest payments as well as the entire principal balance. Furthermore, management does not intend to sell these securities and does not believe it will be required to sell these securities before they recover in value.
Contractual maturities of securities at March 31, 2012, are shown below (in thousands). Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without prepayment penalties.
Investment securities available for sale:
Investment securities held to maturity:
The loan portfolio of the Company consists of the following (in thousands):
Loan balances at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are net of unearned income of $488,000 and $452,000, respectively. Real estate-construction loans comprised 2.2%, and 1.9% of total loans, net of unearned income, at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The Company has no exposure to subprime mortgage loans in the loan portfolio.
The following table summarizes the rollforward of the allowance for loan losses by portfolio segment (in thousands).
The following tables summarize the loan portfolio and allowance for loan loss by the primary segments of the loan portfolio (in thousands).
The segments of the Companys loan portfolio are disaggregated to a level that allows management to monitor risk and performance. The loan categories used are consistent with the internal reports evaluated by the Companys management and Board of Directors to monitor risk and performance within various segments of its loan portfolio. The overall risk
profile for the commercial loan segment is driven by non-owner occupied CRE loans, which include loans secured by non-owner occupied nonfarm nonresidential properties, as the majority of the commercial portfolio is centered in these types of accounts. The residential mortgage loan segment is comprised of first lien amortizing residential mortgage loans and home equity loans. The consumer loan segment consists primarily of installment loans and overdraft lines of credit connected with customer deposit accounts.
Management evaluates for possible impairment any individual loan in the commercial segment with a loan balance in excess of $100,000 that is in nonaccrual status or classified as a Troubled Debt Restructure (TDR). Loans are considered to be impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in evaluating impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrowers prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. The Company does not separately evaluate individual consumer and residential mortgage loans for impairment, unless such loans are part of a larger relationship that is impaired, or are classified as a TDR.
Once the determination has been made that a loan is impaired, the determination of whether a specific allocation of the allowance is necessary is measured by comparing the recorded investment in the loan to the fair value of the loan using one of three methods: (a) the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loans effective interest rate; (b) the loans observable market price; or (c) the fair value of the collateral less selling costs for collateral dependant loans. The method is selected on a loan-by loan basis, with management primarily utilizing the fair value of collateral method. The evaluation of the need and amount of a specific allocation of the allowance and whether a loan can be removed from impairment status is made on a quarterly basis. The Companys policy for recognizing interest income on impaired loans does not differ from its overall policy for interest recognition.
The need for an updated appraisal on collateral dependent loans is determined on a case by case basis. The useful life of an appraisal or evaluation will vary depending upon the circumstances of the property and the economic conditions in the marketplace. A new appraisal is not required if there is an existing appraisal which, along with other information, is sufficient to determine a reasonable value for the property and to support an appropriate and adequate allowance for loan losses. At a minimum, annual documented reevaluation of the property is completed by the banks Assigned Risk department to support the value of the property.
When reviewing an appraisal associated with an existing collateral real estate dependant transaction, the Assigned Risk department must determine if there have been material changes to the underlying assumptions in the appraisal which affect the original estimate of value. Some of the factors that could cause material changes to reported values include:
The value of the property is adjusted to appropriately reflect the above listed factors and the value is discounted to reflect the value impact of a forced or distressed sale, any outstanding senior liens, any outstanding unpaid real estate taxes, transfer taxes and closing costs that would occur with sale of the real estate. If the Assigned Risk department personnel determine that a reasonable value cannot be derived based on available information, a new appraisal is ordered. The determination of the need for a new appraisal, versus completion of a property valuation by the banks Assigned Risk department personnel rests with the Assigned Risk department and not the originating account officer.
The following tables present impaired loans by class, segregated by those for which a specific allowance was required and those for which a specific allowance was not necessary (in thousands).
The following table presents the average recorded investment in impaired loans and related interest income recognized for the periods indicated (in thousands).
Management uses a ten point internal risk rating system to monitor the credit quality of the overall loan portfolio. The first six categories are considered not criticized. The first five Pass categories are aggregated, while the Pass 6, Special Mention, Substandard and Doubtful categories are disaggregated to separate pools. The criticized rating categories utilized by management generally follow bank regulatory definitions. The Special Mention category includes assets that are currently protected but are potentially weak, resulting in an undue and unwarranted credit risk, but not to the point of justifying a Substandard classification. Loans in the Substandard category have well-defined weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt, and have a distinct possibility that some loss will be sustained if the weaknesses are not corrected. All loans greater than 90 days past due, or for which any portion of the loan represents a specific allocation of the allowance for loan losses are placed in Substandard or Doubtful.
To help ensure that risk ratings are accurate and reflect the present and future capacity of borrowers to repay a loan as agreed, the Company has a structured loan rating process, which dictates that, at a minimum, credit reviews are mandatory for all commercial and commercial mortgage loan relationships with aggregate balances in excess of $250,000 within a 12-month period. Generally, consumer and residential mortgage loans are included in the Pass categories unless a specific action, such as bankruptcy, delinquency, or death occurs to raise awareness of a possible credit event. The Companys commercial relationship managers are responsible for the timely and accurate risk rating of the loans in their portfolios at origination and on an ongoing basis. Risk ratings are assigned by the account officer, but require independent review and rating concurrence from the Companys internal Loan Review Department. The Loan Review Department is an experienced independent function which reports directly to the Board Audit Committee. The scope of commercial portfolio coverage by the Loan Review Department is defined and presented to the Audit Committee for approval on an annual basis. The approved scope of coverage for 2012 requires review of a minimum 55% of the commercial loan portfolio.
In addition to loan monitoring by the account officer and Loan Review Department, the Company also requires presentation of all credits rated Pass-6 with aggregate balances greater than $1,000,000, all credits rated Special Mention or Substandard with aggregate balances greater than $250,000, and all credits rated Doubtful with aggregate balances greater than $100,000 on an individual basis to the Companys Loan Loss Reserve Committee on a quarterly basis.
The following table presents the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aggregate Pass and the criticized categories of Special Mention, Substandard and Doubtful within the internal risk rating system (in thousands).
It is generally the policy of the Bank that the outstanding balance of any residential mortgage loan that exceeds 90-days past due as to principal and/or interest is transferred to non-accrual status and an evaluation is completed to determine the fair value of the collateral less selling costs, unless the balance is minor. A charge down is recorded for any deficiency balance determined from the collateral evaluation. The remaining non-accrual balance is reported as impaired with no specific allowance. It is the policy of the Bank that the outstanding balance of any consumer loan that exceeds 90-days past due as to principal and/or interest is charged off. The following tables present the performing and non-performing outstanding balances of the residential and consumer portfolios (in thousands).
Management further monitors the performance and credit quality of the loan portfolio by analyzing the age of the portfolio as determined by the length of time a recorded payment is past due. The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aging categories of performing loans and nonaccrual loans (in thousands).
An allowance for loan losses (ALL) is maintained to absorb losses from the loan portfolio. The ALL is based on managements continuing evaluation of the risk characteristics and credit quality of the loan portfolio, assessment of current economic conditions, diversification and size of the portfolio, adequacy of collateral, past and anticipated loss experience, and the amount of non-performing loans.
Loans that are collectively evaluated for impairment are analyzed with general allowances being made as appropriate. For general allowances, historical loss trends are used in the estimation of losses in the current portfolio. These historical loss amounts are modified by other qualitative factors.
Management tracks the historical net charge-off activity at each risk rating grade level for the entire commercial portfolio and at the aggregate level for the consumer, residential mortgage and small business portfolios. A historical charge-off factor is calculated utilizing a rolling 12 consecutive historical quarters for the commercial portfolios. This historical charge-off factor for the consumer, residential mortgage and small business portfolios are based on a three year historical average of actual loss experience.
The Company uses a comprehensive methodology and procedural discipline to maintain an ALL to absorb inherent losses in the loan portfolio. The Company believes this is a critical accounting policy since it involves significant estimates and judgments. The allowance consists of three elements: 1) an allowance established on specifically identified problem loans, 2) formula driven general reserves established for loan categories based upon historical loss experience and other qualitative factors which include delinquency, non-performing and TDR loans, loan trends, economic trends, concentrations of credit, trends in loan volume, experience and depth of management, examination and audit results, effects of any changes in lending policies, and trends in policy, financial information, and documentation exceptions, and 3) a general risk reserve which provides support for variance from our assessment of the previously listed qualitative factors, provides protection against credit risks resulting from other inherent risk factors contained in the Companys loan portfolio, and recognizes the model and estimation risk associated with the specific and formula driven allowances. The qualitative factors used in the formula driven general reserves are evaluated quarterly (and revised if necessary) by the Companys management to establish allocations which accommodate each of the listed risk factors.
Pass rated credits are segregated from Criticized and Classified credits for the application of qualitative factors.
Management reviews the loan portfolio on a quarterly basis using a defined, consistently applied process in order to make appropriate and timely adjustments to the ALL. When information confirms all or part of specific loans to be uncollectible, these amounts are promptly charged off against the ALL.
The following table presents information concerning non-performing assets including TDR (in thousands, except percentages):
Consistent with accounting and regulatory guidance, the bank recognizes a TDR when the bank, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrowers financial difficulties, grants a concession to the borrower that would not normally be considered. Regardless of the form of concession granted, the banks objective in offering a troubled debt restructure is to increase the probability of repayment of the borrowers loan.
To be considered a TDR, both of the following criteria must be met:
Factors that indicate a borrower is experiencing financial difficulties include, but are not limited to:
Factors that indicate that a concession has been granted include, but are not limited to:
The determination of whether a restructured loan is a TDR requires consideration of all of the facts and circumstances surrounding the modification. No single factor is determinative of whether a restructuring is a TDR. An overall general decline in the economy or some deterioration in a borrowers financial condition does not automatically mean that the borrower is experiencing financial difficulty. Accordingly, determination of whether a modification is a TDR involves a large degree of judgment.
Any loan modification where the borrowers aggregate exposure is at least $250,000 and where the loan currently maintains a criticized or classified risk rating, i.e. OLEM, Substandard or Doubtful, or where the loan will be assigned a criticized or classified rating after the modification is evaluated to determine the need for TDR classification.
The following table details the TDRs at March 31, 2012 (dollars in thousands).
The following table details the TDRs at December 31, 2011 (dollars in thousands).
In all instances where loans have been modified in troubled debt restructurings the pre- and post-modified balances are the same.
Once a loan is classified as a TDR, this classification will remain until documented improvement in the financial position of the account supports confidence that all principal and interest will be paid according to terms. Additionally, the customer must have re-established a track record of timely payments according to the restructured contract terms for a minimum of six (6) consecutive months prior to consideration for removing the loan from TDR status. However, a loan will continue to be on non-accrual status until, consistent with our policy, the borrower has made a minimum of six consecutive payments in accordance with the terms of the loan.
During the first quarter of 2012, the Company had one restructured commercial real-estate loan, that was transferred during the past 12 months into non-accrual status, that subsequently defaulted, and was sold to an independent party for $275,000. The Company charged down the loan by $32,000 to facilitate the sale.
The Company is unaware of any additional loans which are required to either be charged-off or added to the non-performing asset totals disclosed above. Other real estate owned is recorded at fair value minus estimated costs to sell.
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, (1) the gross interest income that would have been recorded if non-accrual loans had been current in accordance with their original terms and had been outstanding throughout the period or since origination if held for part of the period, (2) the amount of interest income actually recorded on such loans, and (3) the net reduction in interest income attributable to such loans (in thousands).
Total Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) borrowings and advances consist of the following (in thousands, except percentages):
The rate on Open Repo Plus advances can change daily, while the rates on the advances are fixed until the maturity of the advance.
On August 11, 2011, pursuant to the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF), the Company issued and sold to the US Treasury 21,000 shares of its Senior Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series E (Series E Preferred Stock) for the aggregate proceeds of $21 million. The SBLF is a voluntary program sponsored by the US Treasury that encourages small business lending by providing capital to qualified community banks at favorable rates. The interest rate on the Series E Preferred Stock has been initially set at 5% per annum and may be decreased to as low as 1% per annum if growth thresholds are met for qualified outstanding small business loans. The Company used the proceeds from the Series E Preferred Stock issued to the US Treasury to repurchase all 21,000 shares of its outstanding preferred shares previously issued to the US Treasury under the TARP Capital Purchase Program.
The Series E Preferred Stock has an aggregate liquidation preference of approximately $21 million and qualifies as Tier 1 Capital for regulatory purposes. The terms of the Series E Preferred Stock provide for the payment of non-cumulative dividends on a quarterly basis. The dividend rate, as a percentage of the liquidation amount, may fluctuate while the Series E Preferred Stock is outstanding based upon changes in the level of qualified small business lending (QSBL) by the Bank from its average level of QSBL at each of the four quarter ends leading up to June 30, 2010 (the Baseline) as follows:
In addition to the applicable dividend rates described above, beginning on January 1, 2014 and on all dividend payment dates thereafter ending on April 1, 2016, if we fail to increase our level of QSBL compared to the Baseline, we will be required to pay a quarterly lending incentive fee of 0.5% of the liquidation value.
As long as shares of Series E Preferred Stock remain outstanding, we may not pay dividends to our common shareholders (nor may we repurchase or redeem any shares of our common stock) during any quarter in which we fail to declare and pay dividends on the Series E Preferred Stock and for the next three quarters following such failure. In addition, under the terms of the Series E Preferred Stock, we may only declare and pay dividends on our common stock (or repurchase shares of our common stock), if, after payment of such dividend, the dollar amount of our Tier 1 capital would be at least ninety percent (90%) of Tier 1
capital as of June 30, 2011, excluding any charge-offs and redemptions of the Series E Preferred Stock (the Tier 1 Dividend Threshold). The Tier 1 Dividend Threshold is subject to reduction, beginning January 1, 2014, based upon the extent by which, if at all, the QSBL at September 30, 2013 has increased over the Baseline.
We may redeem the Series E Preferred Stock at any time at our option, at a redemption price of 100% of the liquidation amount plus accrued but unpaid dividends, subject to the approval of our federal banking regulator.
The Company is subject to various capital requirements administered by the federal banking agencies. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Company must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of the Companys assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Companys capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require the Company to maintain minimum amounts and ratios (set forth in the table below) of total and Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets, and of Tier 1 capital to average assets. As of March 31, 2012, the Federal Reserve categorized the Company as Well Capitalized under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action. The Company believes that no conditions or events have occurred that would change this conclusion. To be categorized as well capitalized, the Company must maintain minimum total risk-based, Tier 1 risk-based, and Tier 1 leverage ratios as set forth in the table. Additionally, while not a regulatory capital ratio, the Companys tangible common equity ratio was 8.24% at March 31, 2012 (in thousands, except ratios).
The financial performance of the Company is also monitored by an internal funds transfer pricing profitability measurement system which produces line of business results and key performance measures. The Companys major business units include retail banking, commercial lending, trust, and investment/parent. The reported results reflect the underlying economics of the business segments. Expenses for centrally provided services are allocated based upon the cost and estimated usage of those services. The businesses are match-funded and interest rate risk is centrally managed and accounted for within the investment/parent business segment. The key performance measure the Company focuses on for each business segment is net income contribution.
Retail banking includes the deposit-gathering branch franchise and lending to both individuals and small businesses. Lending activities include residential mortgage loans, direct consumer loans, and small business commercial loans. Commercial banking to businesses includes commercial loans, and commercial real-estate loans. The trust segment contains our wealth management businesses which include the Trust Company, West Chester Capital Advisors, our registered investment advisory firm and financial services. Wealth management includes personal trust products and services such as personal portfolio investment management, estate planning and administration, custodial services and pre-need trusts. Also, institutional trust products and services such as 401(k) plans, defined benefit and defined contribution employee benefit plans, and individual retirement accounts are included in this segment. Financial services include the sale of mutual funds, annuities, and insurance products. The Wealth management businesses also includes the union collective investment funds, namely the ERECT and BUILD funds which are designed to use union pension dollars in construction projects that utilize union labor. The investment/parent includes the net results of investment securities and borrowing activities, general corporate expenses not allocated to the business segments, interest expense on guaranteed junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures, and centralized interest rate risk management. Inter-segment revenues were not material.
The contribution of the major business segments to the Consolidated Results of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were as follows (in thousands):
The Company had various outstanding commitments to extend credit approximating $137.2 million and standby letters of credit of $10.2 million as of March 31, 2012. The Companys exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to these commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by their contractual amounts. The Bank uses the same credit and collateral policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as for all other lending.
Additionally, the Company is also subject to a number of asserted and unasserted potential claims encountered in the normal course of business. In the opinion of the Company, neither the resolution of these claims nor the funding of these credit commitments will have a material adverse effect on the Companys consolidated financial position, results of operation or cash flows.
The Company has a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan covering all employees who work at least 1,000 hours per year. The participants shall have a vested interest in their accrued benefit after five full years of service. The benefits of the plan are based upon the employees years of service and average annual earnings for the highest five consecutive calendar years during the final ten year period of employment. Plan assets are primarily debt securities (including U.S. Treasury and Agency securities, corporate notes and bonds), listed common stocks (including shares of AmeriServ Financial, Inc. common stock which is limited to 10% of the plans assets), mutual funds, and short-term cash equivalent instruments. The net periodic pension cost for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 were as follows (in thousands):
The following disclosures establish a hierarchal disclosure framework associated with the level of pricing observability utilized in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value. The three broad levels defined within this hierarchy are as follows:
Level I: Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reported date.
Level II: Pricing inputs are other than the quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reported date. The nature of these assets and liabilities includes items for which quoted prices are available but traded less frequently and items that are fair-valued using other financial instruments, the parameters of which can be directly observed.
Level III: Assets and liabilities that have little to no pricing observability as of the reported date. These items do not have two-way markets and are measured using managements best estimate of fair value, where the inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation.
Securities classified as available for sale are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these securities, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quoted market spreads, cash flows, the US Treasury yield curve, live trading levels, trade execution data, market consensus prepayment speeds, credit information and the bonds terms and conditions, among other things.
The fair value of the swap asset and liability is based on an external derivative valuation model using data inputs as of the valuation date and classified Level 2.
The following tables present the assets reported on the consolidated balance sheets at their fair value as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, by level within the fair value hierarchy. Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Assets and Liability Measured on a Recurring Basis
Assets and liability measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below (in thousands):
Loans considered impaired are loans for which, based on current information and events, it is probable that the creditor will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. As detailed in the allowance for loan loss footnote, impaired loans are reported at fair value of the underlying collateral if the repayment is expected solely from the collateral. Collateral values are estimated using Level 3 inputs based on observable market data which at times are discounted. At March 31, 2012, impaired loans with a carrying value of $3.6 million were reduced by a specific valuation allowance totaling $955,000 resulting in a net fair value of $2.7 million. At December 31, 2011, impaired loans with a carrying value of $3.9 million were reduced by a specific valuation allowance totaling $968,000 resulting in a net fair value of $2.9 million.
Other real estate owned (OREO) is measured at fair value based on appraisals, less cost to sell at the date of foreclosure. Valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less cost to sell. Income and expenses from operations and changes in valuation allowance are included in the net expenses from OREO.
Assets Measured on a Non-recurring Basis
Assets measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis are summarized below (in thousands):
DISCLOSURES ABOUT FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
For the Company, as for most financial institutions, approximately 90% of its assets and liabilities are considered financial instruments. Many of the Companys financial instruments, however, lack an available trading market characterized by a willing buyer and willing seller engaging in an exchange transaction. Therefore, significant estimates and present value calculations were used by the Company for the purpose of this disclosure.
Fair values have been determined by the Company using independent third party valuations that use the best available data (Level 2) and an estimation methodology (Level 3) the Company believes is suitable for each category of financial instruments. Management believes that cash, cash equivalents, and loans and deposits with floating interest rates have estimated fair values which approximate the recorded book balances. The estimation methodologies used, the estimated fair values based on US GAAP measurements, and recorded book balances at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, were as follows (in thousands):
The fair value of cash and cash equivalents, regulatory stock, accrued income receivable, short-term borrowings, and accrued interest payable are equal to the current carrying value.
The fair value of investment securities is equal to the available quoted market price for similar securities. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quoted market spreads, cash flows, the US Treasury yield curve, live trading levels, trade execution data, market consensus prepayment speeds, credit information and the bonds terms and conditions, among other things. The level 3 security is valued by discounted cash flows using the US Treasury rate for the remaining term of the security.
Loans held for sale are priced individually at market rates on the day that the loan is locked for commitment with an investor. All loans in the held for sale account conform to Fannie Mae underwriting guidelines, with the specific intent of the loan being purchased by an investor at the predetermined rate structure. Loans in the held for sale account have specific delivery dates that must be executed to protect the pricing commitment (typically a 30, 45, or 60 day lock period).
The net loan portfolio has been valued using a present value discounted cash flow. The discount rate used in these calculations is based upon the treasury yield curve adjusted for non-interest operating costs, credit loss, current market prices and assumed prepayment risk.
The fair value of bank owned life insurance is based upon the cash surrender value of the underlying policies and matches the book value.
Deposits with stated maturities have been valued using a present value discounted cash flow with a discount rate approximating current market for similar assets and liabilities. Deposits with no stated maturities have an estimated fair value equal to both the amount payable on demand and the recorded book balance.
The fair value of all other borrowings is based on the discounted value of contractual cash flows. The discount rates are estimated using rates currently offered for similar instruments with similar remaining maturities.
The fair values of the swaps used for interest rate risk management represents the amount the Company would have expected to receive or pay to terminate such agreements.
Changes in assumptions or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on these estimated fair values. The Companys remaining assets and liabilities which are not considered financial instruments have not been valued differently than has been customary under historical cost accounting.
..2012 FIRST QUARTER SUMMARY OVERVIEW .. Net Income for the first quarter of 2012 was $1,565,000 or $0.06 per diluted share. This represents an increase of $302,000 or 23.9% from the first quarter 2011 net income of $1,263,000 or $0.05 per diluted common share. There was a greater percentage increase in earnings per share due to the success of the Companys common stock repurchase program as the Companys increased 2012 earnings are being spread over a smaller number of average shares outstanding. This performance marks the eighth consecutive quarter of positive earnings. It was a quarter marked by a series of positive events; for example
We are pleased to recount these positives for we believe it is a tribute to planning, execution and discipline. This quarter was the first quarter of activity in support of the 2012-2015 Strategic Plan. This meant an even stronger emphasis on customer service and prospect calling. Over the last six months, AmeriServ has opened three new Loan Production Offices in Altoona and Harrisburg, PA, and Hagerstown, MD. These new offices will add to the growing loan totals, but also increase the geographical diversity of the overall portfolio. These offices are modeled after the very successful Loan Production Office which has been in Monroeville, PA for several years. Management has committed to maintain the same high credit standards in these offices that has marked the improvement in AmeriServs asset quality since the depths of the recession.
AmeriServ Trust and Financial Services continued its turnaround during the quarter. Its net income surpassed the first quarter of 2011 by 38%. This gain was occasioned by an 8.7% gain in revenues while holding expense growth to just 3.6%. It is important to note that the integration of the Trust Company Investment Division with West Chester Capital Advisors continued as planned during the quarter. This step forward will bring an ever broader array of investment discipline choices to every client.
All of this progress is possible because the same discipline which enabled AmeriServ to emerge from the recession strong is now transitioning to a focus on growth with earnings. However, this growth will not be sought in risky financial initiatives, but in fundamentally sound community banking products and services. AmeriServ is first of all focused intensely on its primary markets in the Laurel Highlands. But it is also quite active in the fast growing State College market and in the increasingly strong Pittsburgh market place. The additional Loan Production Offices will build on top of this solid foundation and expand our footprint for loans.
The Board and management recognized when it applied to be designated as a Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF) participant that it would be accepting a daunting challenge to increase these loans in this weak economy. But since being so designated, AmeriServ has grown that special category of loans by $11 million above the baseline. This is aiding small businesses in the region and fulfilling a commitment to the U.S. Treasury. It is just this kind of commitment and this kind of performance that makes community banks such a precious resource to the broader economy of this nation. We respect and understand the role of the mega banks, but we believe that the nations community banks are the mortar between the bricks that is so essential for a strong United States.
We are aware that our national economy has been less dynamic than we all wish. The beginning of the Great Recession in 2008 is now four long and hard years ago. We recognize that unemployment is still a serious and stubborn challenge. We watch with concern the budgetary deficit issues our elected officials must face at some point. We see the sovereign nations of Europe struggling to keep their currency union viable. The reaction of this Board and this management team to these challenges is to re-emphasize our commitment to safe and sane banking. AmeriServ will maintain a conservative balance sheet. AmeriServ will maintain strong capital and deep liquidity. AmeriServ will adhere to time tested loan underwriting standards and maintain a low risk securities portfolio while AmeriServ Trust Company will manage its clients wealth with respect for their need for diversification and a professionally trained watchful eye. It is our belief that this is the way to build a strong company for our customers, career opportunities for our employees and a rewarding investment for our shareholders.
THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2012 VS. THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2011
.....PERFORMANCE OVERVIEW..... The following table summarizes some of the Companys key performance indicators (in thousands, except per share and ratios).
The Company continued its positive earnings momentum in the first quarter of 2012 by reporting net income of $1,565,000 or $0.06 per diluted common share. This represents an increase of $302,000, or 23.9%, from the first quarter 2011 net income of $1,263,000 or $0.05 per diluted common share. The growth in net income was driven by increased non-interest revenue and stable net interest margin performance. Also, sustained improvements in asset quality again allowed the company to record a credit provision for loan losses in the first quarter of 2012. These positive items were partially offset by modestly higher non-interest expense and increased income tax expense. Diluted earnings per share in the first quarter of 2012 were negatively impacted by the preferred stock dividend related to the US Treasury SBLF program which amounted to $263,000 and reduced the amount of net income available to common shareholders.
.....NET INTEREST INCOME AND MARGIN..... The Companys net interest income represents the amount by which interest income on average earning assets exceeds interest paid on average interest bearing liabilities. Net interest income is a primary source of the Companys earnings, and it is affected by interest rate fluctuations as well as changes in the amount and mix of average earning assets and average interest bearing liabilities. The following table compares the Companys net interest income performance for the first quarter of 2012 to the first quarter of 2011 (in thousands, except percentages):
N/M not meaningful
The Companys net interest income in the first quarter of 2012 increased by $92,000, or 1.2%, when compared to the first quarter of 2011. The first quarter 2012 net interest margin of 3.70% was consistent with last years first quarter. The increased net interest income and overall stable net interest margin performance reflects the benefits of a lower cost of funds and moderate loan growth. Specifically, total loans outstanding have increased for four consecutive quarters and now are $26.5 million or 4.1% higher than they were at March 31, 2011. This loan growth reflects the successful results of the Companys more intensive sales calling efforts with a particular emphasis on generating commercial loans and owner occupied commercial real estate loans which qualify as SBLF loans. Despite this growth in loans, total interest revenue dropped by $472,000 between years and reflects the lower interest rate environment and flatter yield curve.
However, careful management of funding costs allowed the Company to reduce interest expense to a greater extent than the decline in interest revenue. Specifically, interest expense in the first quarter of 2012 declined by $564,000 from the same prior year quarter due to the Companys proactive efforts to reduce deposit and borrowing costs. This reduction in deposit costs has not impacted average total deposit balances which have remained stable decreasing modestly by $790,000 during this same period. The Company is pleased that there has been $9.1 million of growth in average non-interest bearing demand deposit accounts whose balances have grown by 6.8% since the first quarter of 2011.
.....COMPONENT CHANGES IN NET INTEREST INCOME.. Regarding the separate components of net interest income, the Companys total interest income for the first quarter of 2012 decreased by $472,000 or 4.5% when compared to the same 2011 quarter. This decrease was due to a 28 basis point decline in the earning asset yield to 4.66%. Within the earning asset base, the yield on the total loan portfolio decreased by 30 basis points to 5.21% while the yield on total investment securities dropped by 34 basis points to 2.86%. In the current interest rate environment, new investment securities and loans that are being booked typically have yields that are below the rate on the maturing instruments that they are replacing. The Company has generated increased new commercial loan originations that qualify for inclusion in SBLF program over the past three quarters. However, continued strong pay-offs of larger investment commercial real-estate loans has limited the net growth in the total loan portfolio. Improved commercial loan pipelines, which reflect the three new Loan Production Offices, suggest that the Company should be able to grow the loan portfolio throughout 2012.
The Companys total interest expense for the first quarter of 2012 decreased by $564,000 or 21.4% when compared to the same 2011 quarter. This decrease in interest expense was due to a lower cost of funds as the cost of interest bearing liabilities declined by 33 basis points to 1.19%. This decrease in funding costs was aided by a drop in interest expense associated with a $7.3 million decrease in the volume of interest bearing liabilities. Specifically, the average balance of interest bearing deposits declined by $9.8 million, and was partially offset by a $2.6 million increase in all FHLB borrowings. The Company also replaced some of these interest bearing liabilities with non-interest bearing demand deposits which increased by $9.1 million.
The table that follows provides an analysis of net interest income on a tax-equivalent basis for the three month periods ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 setting forth (i) average assets, liabilities, and stockholders equity, (ii) interest income earned on interest earning assets and interest expense paid on interest bearing liabilities, (iii) average yields earned on interest earning assets and average rates paid on interest bearing liabilities, (iv) the Companys interest rate spread (the difference between the average yield earned on interest earning assets and the average rate paid on interest bearing liabilities), and (v) the Companys net interest margin (net interest income as a percentage of average total interest earning assets). For purposes of these tables, loan balances do include non-accrual loans, and interest income on loans includes loan fees or amortization of such fees which have been deferred, as well as interest recorded on certain non-accrual loans as cash is received. Additionally, a tax rate of 34% is used to compute tax-equivalent yields.
Three months ended March 31 (In thousands, except percentages)
..PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES..... Sustained improvements in asset quality evidenced by lower levels of non-performing assets and criticized loans allowed the Company to reverse a portion of the allowance for loan losses into earnings in the first quarter of 2012 while still maintaining especially strong coverage ratios. During the first quarter of 2012, total non-performing assets declined to $4.8 million or 0.72% of total loans as a result of successful ongoing resolution efforts. Criticized loans also dropped by $10 million or 20.4% during this same period.
As a result of this improvement, the Company again recorded a negative provision for loan losses of $625,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared to a similar credit provision of $600,000 in the first quarter of 2011. Actual credit losses realized through net charge-offs also declined sharply in the first quarter of 2012. Net charge-offs in the first quarter of 2012 totaled only $220,000, or 0.13% of total loans, compared to net charge-offs of $1.1 million, or 0.70% of total loans, in the first quarter of 2011. When determining the provision for loan losses, the Company considers a number of factors some of which include periodic credit reviews, non-performing asset, loan delinquency and charge-off trends, concentrations of credit, loan volume trends and broader local and national economic trends. In summary, the allowance for loan losses provided 296% coverage of non-performing loans, and was 2.05% of total loans, at March 31, 2012, compared to 288% of non-performing loans, and 2.18% of total loans, at December 31, 2011.
.....NON-INTEREST INCOME..... Non-interest income for the first quarter of 2012 totaled $3.7 million and increased $569,000 or 18.3% from the first quarter 2011 performance. Factors contributing to this higher level of non-interest income in 2012 included:
.....NON-INTEREST EXPENSE..... Non-interest expense for the first quarter of 2012 totaled $10.1 million and increased by $195,000 or 2.0% from the prior years first quarter. Factors contributing to the higher non-interest expense in 2012 included:
.....INCOME TAX EXPENSE..... The Company recorded an income tax expense of $678,000 or an effective tax rate of approximately 30.2% in the first quarter of 2012. This compares to an income tax expense of $489,000 or an effective tax rate of approximately 27.9% recorded in the first three
months of 2011. The higher income tax expense and effective rate in 2012 reflects the Companys increased pre-tax earnings combined with a relatively consistent level of tax free earnings from bank owned life insurance. The Companys deferred tax asset was $12.2 million at March 31, 2012 and relates primarily to net operating loss carryforwards and the allowance for loan losses.
..SEGMENT RESULTS .. Retail bankings net income contribution was $841,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared to $187,000 for the same comparable period of 2011. The improved performance in 2012 is due to increased non-interest revenue, reduced non-interest expense, and stable net interest margin performance. The improved non-interest revenue reflects a strong quarter of mortgage banking related revenues and increased overdraft fees and deposit service charges. The decline in non-interest expense was due to a $333,000 decrease in FDIC deposit insurance expense.
The commercial banking segment reported net income contributions of $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2012 compared to $1.6 million for the first quarter of 2011. The decrease in earnings between periods was largely due to higher personnel expense and the costs associated with opening three new loan production offices. This segment continued to benefit the most from the sustained improvement in asset quality and the credit provision for loan losses.
The trust segments net income contribution in the first quarter amounted to $252,000 for the first three months of 2012 compared to $183,000 for the same 2011 period. The increase in net income reflected higher revenue as our wealth management businesses benefitted from the implementation of new fee schedules and increased asset values in the first quarter of 2012.
The investment/parent segment reported a net loss of $774,000 in the first quarter of 2012 compared to the net loss of $665,000 for the first quarter of 2011. Declining yields in the investment securities portfolio and the flatter yield curve have negatively impacted this segment.
.....BALANCE SHEET..... The Companys total consolidated assets were $967 million at March 31, 2012, which was down by $11.7 million or 1.2% from the $979 million level at December 31, 2011. Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $8.8 million as funds from a buildup in demand deposits have predominantly been used to repay debt. Investment security balances decreased by $5 million reflecting the Companys intention to generate liquidity to grow the loan portfolio. The Companys loans and loans held for sale remained stable at $671 million despite portfolio run-off since year-end predominantly in the commercial real estate loan category.
The Companys deposits totaled $820 million at March 31, 2012, which was $3.7 million or 0.5% higher than December 31, 2011, due to an increase in both demand deposits and money market account balances. As a result of this deposit growth and lower cash balances, we were able to reduce total FHLB borrowings by $15.4 million during the first three months of 2012 and these borrowings now represent less than 1% of total assets. The Companys total shareholders equity was relatively unchanged since year-end 2011 as we utilized our net income to repurchase common stock and make preferred stock dividend payments. The Company continues to be considered well capitalized for regulatory purposes with a risk based capital ratio of 17.22%, and an asset leverage ratio of 11.83% at March 31, 2012. The Companys book value per common share was $4.46, its tangible book value per common share was $3.84, and its tangible common equity to tangible assets ratio was 8.24% at March 31, 2012.
.....LOAN QUALITY..... The following table sets forth information concerning the Companys loan delinquency, non-performing assets, and classified assets (in thousands, except percentages):
As a result of successful ongoing problem credit resolution efforts, the Company sustained meaningful asset quality improvements in the first quarter of 2012. These improvements are evidenced by reduced levels of non-performing assets, classified loans and low loan delinquency levels that continue to be well below 1% of total loans. We continue to closely monitor the loan portfolio given the uncertainty in the economy and the number of relatively large-sized commercial and commercial real estate loans within the portfolio. As of March 31, 2012, the 25 largest credits represented 28% of total loans outstanding.
.....ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES..... The following table sets forth the allowance for loan losses and certain ratios for the periods ended (in thousands, except percentages):
The Company has reversed a portion of the allowance for loan losses into earnings in both 2011 and 2012 due to the previously discussed sustained improvement in asset quality. As a result, the balance in the allowance for loan losses has declined but the Company has been able to strengthen its coverage of non-accrual loans and non-performing assets as indicated in the above table.
.....LIQUIDITY..... The Companys liquidity position has been strong during the last several years. Our core retail deposit base has grown over the past three years and has been more than adequate to fund the Companys operations. Cash flow from maturities, prepayments and amortization of securities was also used to either fund loan growth, paydown borrowings, or reinvested back into the securities portfolio. We strive to operate our loan to deposit ratio in a range of 85% to 95%. At March 31, 2012, the Companys loan to deposit ratio was 81.9%. We are optimistic that we can increase the loan to deposit ratio in 2012 given improved loan pipelines, the opening of three new loan production offices, and our focus on small business lending given our goal of reducing the cost of the SBLF preferred stock.
Liquidity can be analyzed by utilizing the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $8.8 million from December 31, 2011, to March 31, 2012, due to $13 million of cash used by financing activities which was partially offset by $4.5 million of cash provided by operating activities. There was hardly any net change in cash from investing activities. Within investing activities, cash provided from investment security maturities exceed cash used for new investment security purchases by $4.8 million. Cash advanced for new loan fundings and purchases (excluding residential mortgages sold in the secondary market) totaled $41.2 million and was $4.8 million higher than the $36.4 million of cash received from loan principal payments. Within financing activities, $15.4 million of cash was used to paydown borrowings and $1.1 million was used to repurchase common stock. This more than offset $3.7 million of cash provided by increased deposit balances. At March 31, 2012, the Company had immediately available $149 million of overnight borrowing capacity at the FHLB and $39 million of unsecured federal funds lines with correspondent banks.
The holding company had $15.9 million of cash, short-term investments, and securities at March 31, 2012, which was up by $560,000 from the year-end 2011 total. Additionally, dividend payments from our subsidiaries can also provide ongoing cash to the holding company. At March 31, 2012, our subsidiary Bank had $7.0 million of cash available for immediate dividends to the holding company under the applicable regulatory formulas. As such, the holding company has strong liquidity to meet its trust preferred debt service requirements and preferred stock dividends, which approximate $2.1 million annually.
.....CAPITAL RESOURCES . The Company meaningfully exceeds all regulatory capital ratios for each of the periods presented and is considered well capitalized. The asset leverage ratio was 11.83% and the risk based capital ratio was 17.22% at March 31, 2012. The Companys tangible common equity to tangible assets ratio was 8.24% at March 31, 2012. We anticipate that we will maintain our strong capital ratios throughout 2012. Capital generated from earnings will be utilized to pay the SBLF preferred dividend and continue the common stock buyback program. During the first quarter of 2012, we repurchased 455,500 shares of our common stock at a total cost of $1,085,000 or an average price of $2.38 per share.
The Company also announced on April 19, 2012 that it Board of Directors approved an increase in the size of its previously announced common stock repurchase program. The Company can now repurchase an additional 5% or approximately 1,007,000 shares of its outstanding common stock. The shares may be purchased in open market, negotiated, or block transactions and the program may be suspended or discontinued at any time. As part of this
expanded common stock buyback program, on April 20, 2012 we repurchased 1,045,000 shares of our common stock at $2.47 per share for $2,581,000 in the aggregate from an institutional shareholder. We expect that this transaction will have an accretive impact on both book value and tangible book value per share.
.....INTEREST RATE SENSITIVITY..... The following table presents an analysis of the sensitivity inherent in the Companys net interest income and market value of portfolio equity. The interest rate scenarios in the table compare the Companys base forecast, which was prepared using a flat interest rate scenario, to scenarios that reflect immediate interest rate changes of 100 and 200 basis points. Note that we suspended the 200 basis point downward rate shock since it has little value due to the absolute low level of interest rates. Each rate scenario contains unique prepayment and repricing assumptions that are applied to the Companys existing balance sheet that was developed under the flat interest rate scenario.
The variability of net interest income is negative in the 100 basis point downward rate scenario as the Company has more exposure to assets repricing downward to a greater extent than liabilities due to the absolute low level of interest rates with the fed funds rate currently at 0.25%. The variability of net interest income is positive in the upward rate shocks due to the Companys short duration investment securities portfolio and scheduled repricing of loans now tied to LIBOR. Also, the Company expects that it will not have to reprice its core deposit accounts up as quickly when interest rates rise. The market value of portfolio equity increases in the upward rate shocks due to the improved value of the Companys core deposit base. Negative variability of market value of portfolio equity occurs in the downward rate shock due to a reduced value for core deposits.
.....OFF BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS .. The Company incurs off-balance sheet risks in the normal course of business in order to meet the financing needs of its customers. These risks derive from commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit. Such commitments and standby letters of credit involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements. The Company had various outstanding commitments to extend credit approximating $137.2 million and standby letters of credit of $10.2 million as of March 31, 2012. The Companys exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to these commitments to extend credit and standby letters of credit is represented by their contractual amounts. The Company uses the same credit and collateral policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as for all other lending.
.....CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES..... The accounting and reporting policies of the Company are in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and conform to general practices within the banking industry. Accounting and reporting policies for the allowance for loan losses, goodwill, income taxes, and investment securities are deemed critical because they involve the use of estimates and require significant management judgments. Application of assumptions different than those used by the Company could result in material changes in the Companys financial position or results of operation.
Account Allowance for Loan Losses
Balance Sheet Reference Allowance for Loan Losses
Income Statement Reference Provision for Loan Losses
The allowance for loan losses is calculated with the objective of maintaining reserve levels believed by management to be sufficient to absorb estimated probable credit losses. Managements determination of the adequacy of the allowance is based on periodic evaluations of the credit portfolio and other relevant factors. However, this quarterly evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates, including, among others, likelihood of customer default, loss given default, exposure at default, the amounts and timing of expected future cash flows on impaired loans, value of collateral, estimated losses on consumer loans and residential mortgages, and general amounts for historical loss experience. This process also considers economic conditions, uncertainties in estimating losses and inherent risks in the various credit portfolios. All of these factors may be susceptible to significant change. Also, the allocation of the allowance for credit losses to specific loan pools is based on historical loss trends and managements judgment concerning those trends.
Commercial and commercial real estate loans are the largest category of credits and the most sensitive to changes in assumptions and judgments underlying the determination of the allowance for loan loss. Approximately $11.0 million, or 80%, of the total allowance for credit losses at March 31, 2012 has been allocated to these two loan categories. This allocation also considers other relevant factors such as actual versus estimated losses, economic trends, delinquencies, concentrations of credit, trends in loan volume, experience and depth of management, examination and audit results, effects of any changes in lending policies and trends in policy, financial information and documentation exceptions. To the extent actual outcomes differ from management estimates, additional provision for credit losses may be required that would adversely impact earnings in future periods.
Account Goodwill and core deposit intangibles
Balance Sheet Reference Goodwill and core deposit intangibles
Income Statement Reference Goodwill impairment and amortization of core deposit Intangibles
The Company considers our accounting policies related to goodwill and core deposit intangibles to be critical because the assumptions or judgment used in determining the fair value of assets and liabilities acquired in past acquisitions are subjective and complex. As a result, changes in these assumptions or judgment could have a significant impact on our financial condition or results of operations.
The fair value of acquired assets and liabilities, including the resulting goodwill, was based either on quoted market prices or provided by other third party sources, when available. When third party information was not available, estimates were made in good faith by management primarily through the use of internal cash flow modeling techniques. The assumptions that were used in the cash flow modeling were subjective and are susceptible to significant changes. The Company routinely utilizes the services of an independent third party that is regarded within the banking industry as an expert in valuing core deposits to monitor the ongoing value and changes in the Companys core deposit base. These core deposit valuation updates are based upon
specific data provided from statistical analysis of the Companys own deposit behavior to estimate the duration of these non-maturity deposits combined with market interest rates and other economic factors.
Goodwill arising from business combinations represents the value attributable to unidentifiable intangible elements in the business acquired. The Companys goodwill relates to value inherent in the banking and wealth management business, and the value is dependent upon the Companys ability to provide quality, cost-effective services in the face of free competition from other market participants on a regional basis. This ability relies upon continuing investments in processing systems, the development of value-added service features and the ease of use of the Companys services. As such, goodwill value is supported ultimately by revenue that is driven by the volume of business transacted and the loyalty of the Companys deposit customer base over a longer time frame. The quality and value of a Companys assets is also an important factor to consider when performing goodwill impairment testing. A decline in earnings as a result of a lack of growth or the inability to deliver cost-effective value added services over sustained periods can lead to impairment of goodwill.
Goodwill which has an indefinite useful life is tested for impairment at least annually and written down and charged to results of operations only in periods in which the recorded value is more than the estimated fair value. As of March 31, 2012, goodwill was not considered impaired; however, deteriorating economic conditions could result in impairment, which could adversely affect earnings in future periods.
Core deposit intangibles that have a finite life are amortized over their useful life. As of March 31, 2012, all core deposit intangibles for the Company had been fully amortized.
Account Income Taxes
Balance Sheet Reference Deferred Tax Asset and Current Taxes Payable
Income Statement Reference Provision for Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes is the sum of income taxes both currently payable and deferred. The changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based upon the changes in differences between the basis of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the basis of assets and liabilities as measured by the enacted tax rates that management estimates will be in effect when the differences reverse. This income tax review is completed on a quarterly basis.
In relation to recording the provision for income taxes, management must estimate the future tax rates applicable to the reversal of tax differences, make certain assumptions regarding whether tax differences are permanent or temporary and the related time of expected reversal. Also, estimates are made as to whether taxable operating income in future periods will be sufficient to fully recognize any gross deferred tax assets. If recovery is not likely, we must increase our provision for taxes by recording a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets that we estimate will not ultimately be recoverable. Alternatively, we may make estimates about the potential usage of deferred tax assets that decrease our valuation allowances. As of March 31, 2012, we believe that all of the deferred tax assets recorded on our balance sheet will ultimately be recovered and that no valuation allowances were needed.
In addition, the calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations. We recognize liabilities for anticipated tax audit issues based on our estimate of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes will be due. If we ultimately determine that payment of these amounts is unnecessary, we reverse the liability and recognize a tax benefit during the period in which we determine that the liability is no longer necessary. We record an additional charge in our provision for taxes in the period in which we determine that the recorded tax liability is less than we expect the ultimate assessment to be.
Account Investment Securities
Balance Sheet Reference Investment Securities
Income Statement Reference Net realized gains (losses) on investment securities
Available-for-sale and held-to-maturity securities are reviewed quarterly for possible other-than-temporary impairment. The review includes an analysis of the facts and circumstances of each individual investment such as the severity of loss, the length of time the fair value has been below cost, the expectation for that securitys performance, the creditworthiness of the issuer and the Companys intent and ability to hold the security to recovery. A decline in value that is considered to be other-than-temporary is recorded as a loss within non-interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. At March 31, 2012, the vast majority of the unrealized losses in the available-for-sale security portfolio were comprised of securities issued by government agencies, the US Treasury or government sponsored agencies. The Company believes the unrealized losses are primarily a result of increases in market yields from the time of purchase. In general, as market yields rise, the value of securities will decrease; as market yields fall, the fair value of securities will increase. Management generally views changes in fair value caused by changes in interest rates as temporary; therefore, these securities have not been classified as other-than-temporarily impaired. Management has also concluded that based on current information we expect to continue to receive scheduled interest payments as well as the entire principal balance. Furthermore, management does not intend to sell these securities and does not believe it will be required to sell these securities before they recover in value.
.....FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENT.....
THE STRATEGIC FOCUS:
The challenge for the future is to improve earnings performance to peer levels through a disciplined focus on community banking and improving the profitability of our Trust Company. In accordance with our strategic plan, AmeriServ will maintain its focus as a community bank delivering banking and trust services to the best of our ability. This Company will not succumb to the lure of quick fixes and fancy financial gimmicks. It is our plan to continue to build AmeriServ into a potent banking force in this region and in this industry. Our focus encompasses the following:
This Form 10-Q contains various forward-looking statements and includes assumptions concerning the Companys beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations, estimates, intentions, operations, future results, and prospects, including statements that include the words may, could, should, suggest, would, believe, expect, anticipate, estimate, intend, plan or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements are based upon current expectations and are subject to risk and uncertainties. In connection with the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, the Company provides the following cautionary statement identifying important factors (some of which are beyond the Companys control) which could cause the actual results or events to differ materially from those set forth in or implied by the forward-looking statements and related assumptions.
Such factors include the following: (i) the effect of changing regional and national economic conditions; (ii) the effects of trade, monetary and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; (iii) significant changes in interest rates and prepayment speeds; (iv) inflation, stock and bond market, and monetary fluctuations; (v) credit risks of commercial, real estate, consumer, and other lending activities; (vi) changes in federal and state banking and financial services laws and regulations; (vii) the presence in the Companys market area of competitors with greater financial resources than the Company; (viii) the timely development of competitive new products and services by the Company and the acceptance of those products and services by customers and regulators (when required); (ix) the willingness of customers to substitute competitors products and services for those of the Company and vice versa; (x) changes in consumer spending and savings habits; (xi) unanticipated regulatory or judicial proceedings; and (xii) other external developments which could materially impact the Companys operational and financial performance.
The foregoing list of important factors is not exclusive, and neither such list nor any forward-looking statement takes into account the impact that any future acquisition may have on the Company and on any such forward-looking statement.
Item 3.....QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURE ABOUT MARKET RISK..... The Company manages market risk, which for the Company is primarily interest rate risk, through its asset liability management process and committee, see further discussion in Interest Rate Sensitivity section of the M.D. & A.
Item 4.....CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES..... (a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Companys management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and the operation of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of March 31, 2012, pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer along with the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Companys disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2012, are effective.
(b) Changes in Internal Controls. There have been no changes in AmeriServ Financial Inc.s internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
There are no material proceedings to which the Company or any of our subsidiaries are a party or by which, to the Companys knowledge, we, or any of our subsidiaries, are threatened. All legal proceedings presently pending or threatened against the Company or our subsidiaries involve routine litigation incidental to our business or that of the subsidiary involved and are not material in respect to the amount in controversy.
There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
Following are the Companys monthly common stock purchases during the first quarter of 2012. All shares are repurchased under Board of Directors authorization. In November 2011, the Board authorized a new program to repurchase 1.1 million shares. There is no prescribed termination date for this program.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.