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EX-32.1 - CEO & CFO 906 CERTIFICATIONS - Wendy's Cotwc_ex321xq2-18.htm
EX-31.2 - CFO 302 CERTIFICATION - Wendy's Cotwc_ex312xq2-18.htm
EX-31.1 - CEO 302 CERTIFICATION - Wendy's Cotwc_ex311xq2-18.htm
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(X)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended July 1, 2018

OR
( )
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    
For the transition period from ______________ to _______________

Commission file number: 1-2207
THE WENDY’S COMPANY
(Exact name of registrants as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
38-0471180
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
One Dave Thomas Blvd., Dublin, Ohio
 
43017
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)

(614) 764-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [x] No [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [x] No [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer [x]                              Accelerated filer [ ]       
Non-accelerated filer [ ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company [ ]
Emerging growth company [ ]

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes [ ] No [x]

There were 236,991,883 shares of The Wendy’s Company common stock outstanding as of August 1, 2018.

 



THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
Page
 
 
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands Except Par Value)
 
July 1,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS
(Unaudited)
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
194,939

 
$
171,447

Restricted cash
30,000

 
32,633

Accounts and notes receivable, net
95,121

 
114,390

Inventories
3,283

 
3,156

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
22,414

 
20,125

Advertising funds restricted assets
87,688

 
62,602

Total current assets
433,445

 
404,353

Properties
1,226,961

 
1,263,059

Goodwill
741,783

 
743,334

Other intangible assets
1,301,463

 
1,321,585

Investments
52,144

 
56,002

Net investment in direct financing leases
228,838

 
229,089

Other assets
95,545

 
79,516

Total assets
$
4,080,179

 
$
4,096,938

 


 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Current portion of long-term debt
$
31,118

 
$
30,172

Accounts payable
21,321

 
22,764

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
103,351

 
111,624

Advertising funds restricted liabilities
96,972

 
62,602

Total current liabilities
252,762

 
227,162

Long-term debt
2,771,660

 
2,724,230

Deferred income taxes
274,344

 
299,053

Deferred franchise fees
93,139

 
10,881

Other liabilities
257,735

 
262,409

Total liabilities
3,649,640

 
3,523,735

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders’ equity:


 
 
Common stock, $0.10 par value; 1,500,000 shares authorized;
     470,424 shares issued; 238,083 and 240,512 shares outstanding, respectively
47,042

 
47,042

Additional paid-in capital
2,883,167

 
2,885,955

Accumulated deficit
(224,120
)
 
(163,289
)
Common stock held in treasury, at cost; 232,341 and 229,912 shares, respectively
(2,219,100
)
 
(2,150,307
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(56,450
)
 
(46,198
)
Total stockholders’ equity
430,539

 
573,203

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
4,080,179

 
$
4,096,938


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.


3

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)


 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales
$
167,344

 
$
160,859

 
$
320,993

 
$
309,071

Franchise royalty revenue and fees
107,559

 
112,548

 
205,467

 
207,238

Franchise rental income
51,529

 
46,935

 
101,636

 
89,852

Advertising funds revenue
84,570

 

 
163,470

 

 
411,002

 
320,342

 
791,566

 
606,161

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
138,154

 
130,581

 
270,373

 
255,124

Franchise support and other costs
7,031

 
3,789

 
13,204

 
7,432

Franchise rental expense
24,306

 
21,897

 
47,569

 
40,765

Advertising funds expense
84,570

 

 
163,470

 

General and administrative
49,163

 
50,059

 
99,519

 
101,373

Depreciation and amortization
33,427

 
31,309

 
65,579

 
60,474

System optimization (gains) losses, net
(92
)
 
41,050

 
478

 
39,643

Reorganization and realignment costs
3,124

 
17,699

 
5,750

 
17,880

Impairment of long-lived assets
1,603

 
253

 
1,809

 
763

Other operating income, net
(1,767
)
 
(2,089
)
 
(2,930
)
 
(3,807
)
 
339,519

 
294,548

 
664,821

 
519,647

Operating profit
71,483

 
25,794

 
126,745

 
86,514

Interest expense, net
(30,136
)
 
(28,935
)
 
(60,314
)
 
(57,910
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
(11,475
)
 

Other income, net
917

 
2,844

 
1,661

 
3,233

Income (loss) before income taxes
42,264

 
(297
)
 
56,617

 
31,837

Provision for income taxes
(12,388
)
 
(1,548
)
 
(6,582
)
 
(11,341
)
Net income (loss)
$
29,876

 
$
(1,845
)
 
$
50,035

 
$
20,496

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
.13

 
$
(.01
)
 
$
.21

 
$
.08

Diluted
.12

 
(.01
)
 
.20

 
.08

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends per share
$
.085

 
$
.07

 
$
.17

 
$
.14


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In Thousands)


 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
Net income (loss)
$
29,876

 
$
(1,845
)
 
$
50,035

 
$
20,496

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
(4,325
)
 
6,065

 
(10,369
)
 
8,010

Change in unrecognized pension loss:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains arising during the period

 

 
156

 
156

Income tax provision

 

 
(39
)
 
(60
)
 

 

 
117

 
96

Effect of cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification of losses into Net income (loss)

 
724

 

 
1,447

Income tax provision

 
(281
)
 

 
(559
)
 

 
443

 

 
888

     Other comprehensive (loss) income, net
(4,325
)
 
6,508

 
(10,252
)
 
8,994

Comprehensive income
$
25,551

 
$
4,663

 
$
39,783

 
$
29,490


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)

 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
50,035

 
$
20,496

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
65,579

 
60,474

Share-based compensation
9,591

 
11,372

Impairment of long-lived assets
1,809

 
763

Deferred income tax
(2,508
)
 
(2,496
)
Non-cash rental income, net
(6,239
)
 
(5,286
)
Net receipt of deferred vendor incentives
4,904

 
7,077

System optimization losses, net
478

 
39,643

Gain on sale of investments, net

 
(2,553
)
Distributions received from TimWen joint venture
5,756

 
5,524

Equity in earnings in joint ventures, net
(3,648
)
 
(3,786
)
Long-term debt-related activities, net (see below)
15,036

 
6,038

Other, net
(1,093
)
 
3,296

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable, net
8,315

 
(9,557
)
Inventories
(150
)
 
(71
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(891
)
 
(2,116
)
Advertising funds restricted assets and liabilities
6,734

 
(14,522
)
Accounts payable
747

 
(4,484
)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
(6,034
)
 
(4,051
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
148,421

 
105,761

Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(23,898
)
 
(32,117
)
Acquisitions

 
(86,788
)
Dispositions
1,814

 
77,980

Proceeds from sale of investments

 
3,282

Notes receivable, net
(538
)
 
(2,225
)
Payments for investments
(13
)
 
(375
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(22,635
)
 
(40,243
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from long-term debt
930,809

 
6,359

Repayments of long-term debt
(881,633
)
 
(18,262
)
Deferred financing costs
(17,340
)
 
(740
)
Repurchases of common stock
(84,307
)
 
(50,527
)
Dividends
(40,645
)
 
(34,447
)
Proceeds from stock option exercises
13,197

 
6,385

Payments related to tax withholding for share-based compensation
(9,269
)
 
(2,956
)
Contingent consideration payment
(6,100
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(95,288
)
 
(94,188
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operations before effect of exchange rate changes on cash
30,498

 
(28,670
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(4,401
)
 
3,267

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
26,097

 
(25,403
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
212,824

 
275,949

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
238,921

 
$
250,546


6

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS—CONTINUED
(In Thousands)

 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
Detail of cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Long-term debt-related activities, net:
 
 
 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt
$
11,475

 
$

Accretion of long-term debt
625

 
617

Amortization of deferred financing costs
2,936

 
3,974

Reclassification of unrealized losses on cash flow hedges

 
1,447

 
$
15,036

 
$
6,038

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for:
 

 
 

Interest
$
70,005

 
$
62,090

Income taxes, net of refunds
3,813

 
12,886

 
 
 
 
Supplemental non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable
$
7,463

 
$
8,965

Capitalized lease obligations
1,904

 
238,201

Accrued debt issuance costs
332

 

 
 
 
 
 
July 1,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
194,939

 
$
171,447

Restricted cash
30,000

 
32,633

Restricted cash, included in Advertising funds restricted assets
13,982

 
8,579

Restricted cash, included in Other assets

 
165

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
$
238,921

 
$
212,824


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.



7

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)




(1) Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (the “Financial Statements”) of The Wendy’s Company (“The Wendy’s Company” and, together with its subsidiaries, the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and, therefore, do not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In our opinion, the Financial Statements contain all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary to present fairly our financial position as of July 1, 2018, the results of our operations for the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 and cash flows for the six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017. The results of operations for the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full 2018 fiscal year. These Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for The Wendy’s Company and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (the “Form 10-K”).

The principal subsidiary of the Company is Wendy’s International, LLC and its subsidiaries (“Wendy’s”). The Company manages and internally reports its business geographically. The operation and franchising of Wendy’s® restaurants in North America (defined as the United States of America (“U.S.”) and Canada) comprises virtually all of our current operations and represents a single reportable segment. The revenues and operating results of Wendy’s restaurants outside of North America are not material.

We report on a fiscal year consisting of 52 or 53 weeks ending on the Sunday closest to or on December 31. All three- and six-month periods presented herein contain 13 weeks and 26 weeks, respectively. All references to years and quarters relate to fiscal periods rather than calendar periods.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year presentation to conform to the current year presentation.

The Company has reclassified certain costs associated with the Company’s franchise operations to “Franchise support and other costs,” which were previously recorded to “Other operating expense (income), net.” The costs reclassified include costs incurred to provide direct support services to our franchisees, as well as certain other direct and incremental costs for the Company’s franchise operations. Also, the Company reclassified certain restaurant operational costs from “General and administrative” to “Cost of sales.” The Company believes this new presentation will aid users in understanding its results of operations. The prior periods reflect the reclassifications of these expenses to conform to the current year presentation. There was no impact to operating profit, income (loss) before income taxes or net income (loss) as a result of these reclassifications.

The following tables illustrate the expense reclassifications made to the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended July 2, 2017:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Reclassifications
 
 
 
As Previously Reported
 
Franchise support and other costs
 
Restaurant operational costs
 
As Currently Reported
Cost of sales
$
129,360

 
$

 
$
1,221

 
$
130,581

Franchise support and other costs

 
3,789

 

 
3,789

General and administrative
51,280

 

 
(1,221
)
 
50,059

Other operating expense (income), net
1,700

 
(3,789
)
 

 
(2,089
)
 
$
182,340

 
$

 
$

 
$
182,340



8

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
Reclassifications
 
 
 
As Previously Reported
 
Franchise support and other costs
 
Restaurant operational costs
 
As Currently Reported
Cost of sales
$
252,767

 
$

 
$
2,357

 
$
255,124

Franchise support and other costs

 
7,432

 

 
7,432

General and administrative
103,730

 

 
(2,357
)
 
101,373

Other operating expense (income), net
3,625

 
(7,432
)
 

 
(3,807
)
 
$
360,122

 
$

 
$

 
$
360,122


(2) New Accounting Standards

New Accounting Standards

In June 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance on nonemployee share-based payment arrangements. The new guidance aligns the requirements for nonemployee share-based payments with the requirements for employee share-based payments. The Company does not expect the amendment, which is effective beginning with our 2019 fiscal year, to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on leases, which outlines principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases applicable to both lessors and lessees. The new guidance, which is effective beginning with our 2019 fiscal year, requires lessees to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by finance and operating leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. The guidance allows for either (1) a modified retrospective transition method under which the standard is applied at the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements or (2) an alternative transition method under which the standard is applied at the adoption date and a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings is recognized in the period of adoption.  The Company is continuing to evaluate which transition method to use. We are currently implementing a new lease management system to facilitate the adoption of this guidance. As shown in Note 13, there are $1,544,785 in future minimum rental payments for operating leases that are not currently on our balance sheet; therefore, we expect this will have a material impact on our consolidated balance sheets and related disclosures. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated statements of operations and statements of cash flows.

New Accounting Standards Adopted

In May 2017, the FASB issued new guidance on the scope of modification accounting for share-based payment arrangements. The new guidance provides relief to entities that make non-substantive changes to their share-based payment arrangements. The Company adopted this amendment, prospectively, during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued an amendment that clarifies the definition of a business in determining whether to account for a transaction as an asset acquisition or a business combination. The Company adopted this amendment, prospectively, during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.


9

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



In November 2016, the FASB issued an amendment that clarifies guidance for proper classification and presentation of restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. Accordingly, changes in restricted cash that have historically been included within operating, investing and financing activities have been eliminated, and restricted cash, including the restricted cash of the national advertising funds, is combined with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period balances for all periods presented. The Company adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of the amendment resulted in an increase in net cash used in investing activities of $18,711 during the six months ended July 2, 2017. In addition, during the six months ended July 2, 2017, net cash provided by operating activities decreased $14,822 and net cash used in financing activities decreased $1,743, primarily due to changes in restricted cash of the national advertising funds. Because of the inclusion of restricted cash in the beginning and end of period balances, our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash as presented in the statement of cash flows increased $46,003 and $77,709 as of July 2, 2017 and January 1, 2017, respectively. This amendment did not impact the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In August 2016, the FASB issued an amendment that provides guidance for proper classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. Upon adoption in the first quarter of 2018, the Company elected to use the nature of distribution approach for all distributions it receives from its equity method investees. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued an amendment that provides guidance on extinguishing financial liabilities for certain prepaid stored-value products. The Company adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued an amendment that revises the accounting related to the classification and measurement of investments in equity securities and the presentation of certain fair value changes for financial liabilities measured at fair value. The Company adopted this amendment during the first quarter of 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not impact our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Revenue Recognition

In May 2014, the FASB issued amended guidance for revenue recognition. The new guidance outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. Additionally, the guidance requires improved disclosure to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. The Company adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2018. As a result, the Company has changed its accounting policy for revenue recognition as detailed below.

The Company applied the new guidance using the modified retrospective method, whereby the cumulative effect of initially adopting the guidance was recognized as an adjustment to the opening balance of equity at January 1, 2018. Therefore, the comparative period has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under the previous revenue recognition guidance. The details of the significant changes and quantitative impact of the changes are discussed below. See Note 3 for further information regarding our revenue policies and disaggregation of our sources of revenue.

Franchise Fees

Under previous revenue recognition guidance, new build technical assistance fees and development fees were recognized as revenue when a franchised restaurant opened, as all material services and conditions related to the franchise fee had been substantially performed upon the restaurant opening. In addition, under previous guidance, technical assistance fees received in connection with sales of Company-operated restaurants to franchisees and facilitating franchisee-to-franchisee restaurant transfers (“Franchise Flips”), as well as renewal fees, were recognized as revenue when the license agreements were signed and the restaurant opened. Under the new guidance, these franchise fees are considered highly dependent upon and interrelated with the franchise right granted in the franchise agreement. As such, these franchise fees are recognized over the contractual term of the franchise agreement.


10

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



National Advertising Funds

The Company maintains two national advertising funds (the “Advertising Funds”) established to collect and administer funds contributed for use in advertising and promotional programs for Company-operated and franchised restaurants in the U.S. and Canada. Previously, the revenue, expenses and cash flows of such Advertising Funds were not included in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and statements of cash flows because the contributions to these Advertising Funds were designated for specific purposes and the Company acted as an agent, in substance, with regard to these contributions as a result of industry-specific guidance. Under the new guidance, which superseded the previous industry-specific guidance, the revenue, expenses and cash flows of the Advertising Funds are fully consolidated into the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations and statements of cash flows. In addition, the Company reclassified the total stockholders’ equity of the Advertising Funds from “Advertising funds restricted liabilities” to “Accumulated deficit” upon adoption of the guidance. Upon the full consolidation of the Advertising Funds, the Company also eliminated certain amounts due to and from affiliates from “Advertising funds restricted assets” and “Advertising funds restricted liabilities.” The Company allocates a portion of its advertising funds expense to “Cost of sales” based on a percentage of sales of Company-operated restaurants. Our significant interim accounting policies include the recognition of advertising funds expense in proportion to advertising funds revenue.

11

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)




Impacts on Financial Statements

The following tables summarize the impacts of adopting the revenue recognition standard on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements:
 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
As Reported
 
Franchise Fees
 
Advertising Funds
 
Balances Without Adoption
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
July 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
$
103,351

 
$
(1,733
)
 
$

 
$
101,618

Advertising funds restricted liabilities
96,972

 

 
(6,645
)
 
90,327

Total current liabilities
252,762

 
(1,733
)
 
(6,645
)
 
244,384

Deferred income taxes
274,344

 
21,587

 

 
295,931

Deferred franchise fees
93,139

 
(81,999
)
 

 
11,140

Total liabilities
3,649,640

 
(62,145
)
 
(6,645
)
 
3,580,850

Accumulated deficit
(224,120
)
 
62,384

 
6,645

 
(155,091
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(56,450
)
 
(239
)
 

 
(56,689
)
Total stockholders’ equity
430,539

 
62,145

 
6,645

 
499,329

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended July 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise royalty revenue and fees (a)
$
107,559

 
$
(724
)
 
$

 
$
106,835

Advertising funds revenue
84,570

 

 
(84,570
)
 

Total revenues
411,002

 
(724
)
 
(84,570
)
 
325,708

Advertising funds expense
84,570

 

 
(84,570
)
 

Total costs and expenses
339,519

 

 
(84,570
)
 
254,949

Operating profit
71,483

 
(724
)
 

 
70,759

Income before income taxes
42,264

 
(724
)
 

 
41,540

Provision for income taxes
(12,388
)
 
187

 

 
(12,201
)
Net income
29,876

 
(537
)
 

 
29,339

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Franchise royalty revenue and fees (a)
$
205,467

 
$
(1,590
)
 
$

 
$
203,877

Advertising funds revenue
163,470

 

 
(163,470
)
 

Total revenues
791,566

 
(1,590
)
 
(163,470
)
 
626,506

Advertising funds expense
163,470

 

 
(163,470
)
 

Total costs and expenses
664,821

 

 
(163,470
)
 
501,351

Operating profit
126,745

 
(1,590
)
 

 
125,155

Income before income taxes
56,617

 
(1,590
)
 

 
55,027

Provision for income taxes
(6,582
)
 
409

 

 
(6,173
)
Net income
50,035

 
(1,181
)
 

 
48,854

_______________

(a)
The adjustments for the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 include the reversal of franchise fees recognized over time under the new revenue recognition guidance of $2,439 and $5,127, respectively, as well as franchisee fees that would have been recognized under the previous revenue recognition guidance when the license agreements were signed and the restaurant opened of $1,715 and $3,537, respectively. See Note 3 for further information.

12

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



 
 
 
Adjustments
 
 
 
As Reported
 
Franchise Fees
 
Advertising Funds
 
Balances Without Adoption
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
50,035

 
$
(1,181
)
 
$

 
$
48,854

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income tax
(2,508
)
 
(409
)
 

 
(2,917
)
Other, net
(1,093
)
 
(309
)
 

 
(1,402
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
(6,034
)
 
1,899

 

 
(4,135
)

(3) Revenue

Nature of Goods and Services

Wendy’s franchises and operates Wendy’s® quick-service restaurants specializing in hamburger sandwiches throughout North America. Wendy’s also has franchised restaurants in 30 foreign countries and U.S. territories other than North America. At July 1, 2018, Wendy’s operated and franchised 332 and 6,324 restaurants, respectively. The Company generates revenues from sales at Company-operated restaurants and earns fees and rental income from franchised restaurants.

The rights and obligations governing franchised restaurants are set forth in the franchise agreement. The franchise agreement provides the franchisee the right to construct, own and operate a Wendy’s restaurant upon a site accepted by Wendy’s and to use the Wendy’s system in connection with the operation of the restaurant at that site. The franchise agreement generally provides for a 20-year term and a 10-year renewal subject to certain conditions. The initial term may be extended up to 25 years and the renewal extended up to 20 years for qualifying restaurants under certain new restaurant development and remodel incentive programs.

The franchise agreement requires that the franchisee pay a royalty based on a percentage of sales of the franchised restaurant, as well as make contributions to the Advertising Funds based on a percentage of sales. The agreement also typically requires that the franchisee pay Wendy’s a technical assistance fee. The technical assistance fee is used to defray some of the costs to Wendy’s for training, start-up and transitional services related to new and existing franchisees acquiring restaurants and in the development and opening of new restaurants.

Wendy’s also enters into development agreements with certain franchisees. The development agreement provides the franchisee with the right to develop a specified number of new Wendy’s restaurants using the Image Activation design within a stated, non-exclusive territory for a specified period, subject to the franchisee meeting interim new restaurant development requirements.

Wendy’s owns and leases sites from third parties, which it leases and/or subleases to franchisees. Noncancelable lease terms are generally initially between 15 and 20 years and, in most cases, provide for rent escalations and renewal options. The lease term for properties leased or subleased to franchisees is determined based upon the economic detriment to the franchisee and includes consideration of the length of the franchise agreement, historical performance of the restaurant and the existence of bargain renewal options.

Royalties and contributions to the Advertising Funds are generally due within the month subsequent to which the revenue was generated through sales of the franchised restaurant. Technical assistance fees, renewal fees and development fees are generally due upon execution of the related franchise agreement. Rental income is due in accordance with the terms of each lease, which is generally at the beginning of each month.

13

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)




Significant Accounting Policy

“Sales” includes revenues recognized upon delivery of food to the customer at Company-operated restaurants. “Sales” excludes taxes collected from the Company’s customers. Revenue is recognized when the performance obligation is satisfied, which occurs upon delivery of food to the customer. “Sales” also includes income for gift cards. Gift card payments are recorded as deferred income when received and are recognized as revenue in proportion to actual gift card redemptions.
“Franchise royalty revenue and fees” includes royalties, new build technical assistance fees, renewal fees, Franchise Flip technical assistance fees, Franchise Flip advisory fees and development fees. Royalties from franchised restaurants are based on a percentage of sales of the franchised restaurant and are recognized as earned. New build technical assistance fees, renewal fees and Franchise Flip technical assistance fees are recorded as deferred revenue when received and recognized as revenue over the contractual term of the franchise agreements, once the restaurant has opened. Development fees are deferred when received, allocated to each agreed upon restaurant, and recognized as revenue over the contractual term of each respective franchise agreement, once the restaurant has opened. These franchise fees are considered highly dependent upon and interrelated with the franchise right granted in the franchise agreement. Franchise Flip advisory fees include valuation services and fees for selecting pre-approved buyers for Franchise Flips. Franchise Flip advisory fees are paid by the seller and are recognized as revenue at closing of the Franchise Flip transaction.
“Advertising funds revenue” includes contributions to the Advertising Funds by franchisees. Revenue related to these contributions is based on a percentage of sales of the franchised restaurants and is recognized as earned.
“Franchise rental income” includes rental income from properties owned and leased by the Company and leased or subleased to franchisees. Rental income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the respective operating lease terms. Favorable and unfavorable lease amounts related to the leased and/or subleased properties are amortized to rental income on a straight-line basis over the remaining term of the leases.

Disaggregation of Revenue

The following table disaggregates revenue by primary geographical market and source:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 1,
2018
Primary geographical markets
 
 
 
United States
$
385,945

 
$
745,580

Canada
20,081

 
36,418

International
4,976

 
9,568

Total revenue
$
411,002

 
$
791,566

 

 
 
Sources of revenue
 
 
 
Sales at Company-operated restaurants
$
167,344

 
$
320,993

Franchise royalty revenue
98,158

 
188,101

Franchise fees
9,401

 
17,366

Franchise rental income
51,529

 
101,636

Advertising funds revenue
84,570

 
163,470

Total revenue
$
411,002

 
$
791,566



14

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



Contract Balances

The following table provides information about receivables and contract liabilities (deferred franchise fees) from contracts with customers:
 
July 1,
2018 (a)
Receivables, which are included in “Accounts and notes receivable, net” (b)
$
45,040

Receivables, which are included in “Advertising funds restricted assets”
45,863

Deferred franchise fees (c)
103,723

_______________

(a)
Excludes funds collected from the sale of gift cards, which are primarily reimbursed to franchisees upon redemption at franchised restaurants and do not ultimately result in the recognition of revenue in the Company’s statement of operations.

(b)
Includes receivables related to “Sales” and “Franchise royalty revenue and fees.”

(c)
Deferred franchise fees of $10,584 and $93,139 are included in “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” and “Deferred franchise fees,” respectively.

Significant changes in deferred franchise fees are as follows:
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
Deferred franchise fees at beginning of period
$
102,492

Revenue recognized during the period
(5,127
)
New deferrals due to cash received and other
6,358

Deferred franchise fees at end of period
$
103,723


Anticipated Future Recognition of Deferred Franchise Fees

The following table reflects the estimated franchise fees to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied at the end of the period:
Estimate for fiscal year:
 
2018 (a)
$
4,527

2019
7,423

2020
6,169

2021
5,704

2022
5,506

Thereafter
74,394

 
$
103,723

_______________

(a)
Represents franchise fees expected to be recognized for the remainder of the 2018 fiscal year, which includes development-related franchise fees expected to be recognized over a duration of one year or less.


15

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



(4) System Optimization (Gains) Losses, Net

The Company’s system optimization initiative includes a shift from Company-operated restaurants to franchised restaurants over time, through acquisitions and dispositions, as well as facilitating Franchise Flips. The Company completed its plan to reduce its ongoing Company-operated restaurant ownership to approximately 5% of the total system as of January 1, 2017. While the Company has no plans to reduce its ownership below the 5% level, Wendy’s will continue to optimize its system through Franchise Flips, as well as evaluating strategic acquisitions of franchised restaurants and strategic dispositions of Company-operated restaurants to existing and new franchisees, to further strengthen the franchisee base and drive new restaurant development and accelerate reimages in the Image Activation format.

During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company completed the sale of three Company-operated restaurants to a franchisee. In addition, the Company facilitated 64 and 270 Franchise Flips during the six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017, respectively (excluding the DavCo and NPC Transactions discussed below).

Gains and losses recognized on dispositions are recorded to “System optimization (gains) losses, net” in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. Costs related to acquisitions and dispositions under our system optimization initiative are recorded to “Reorganization and realignment costs,” which are further described in Note 5. All other costs incurred related to facilitating Franchise Flips are recorded to “Franchise support and other costs.”

The following is a summary of the disposition activity recorded as a result of our system optimization initiative:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Gain on sale of restaurants, net (a)
$
89

 
$

 
$
89

 
$

Post-closing adjustments on sales of restaurants (b)
(13
)
 
27

 
(225
)
 
927

Gain (loss) on sales of other assets, net (c)
16

 
2,072

 
(342
)
 
2,579

Loss on DavCo and NPC Transactions (d)

 
(43,149
)
 

 
(43,149
)
System optimization gains (losses), net
$
92

 
$
(41,050
)
 
$
(478
)
 
$
(39,643
)
_______________

(a)
During the three and six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company received cash proceeds of $1,436 from the sale of three Company-operated restaurants. Net assets sold totaled $1,139 and consisted primarily of equipment. In addition, goodwill of $208 was written off in connection with the sale.

(b)
The six months ended July 1, 2018 includes cash proceeds, net of payments of $6. The three and six months ended July 2, 2017 includes cash proceeds of $300 related to post-closing reconciliations with franchisees. The six months ended July 2, 2017 also includes the recognition of a deferred gain of $312 as a result of the resolution of certain contingencies related to the extension of lease terms for a Canadian restaurant.

(c)
During the three and six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company received cash proceeds, primarily from the sale of surplus properties, of $27 and $372, respectively, and received cash proceeds of $5,342 and $6,992 during the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, respectively. The six months ended July 2, 2017 also includes the recognition of a deferred gain of $375 related to the sale of a share in an aircraft.

(d)
As part of our system optimization initiative, the Company acquired 140 Wendy’s restaurants on May 31, 2017 from DavCo Restaurants, LLC (“DavCo”) for total net cash consideration of $86,788, which were immediately sold to NPC International, Inc. (“NPC”), an existing franchisee of the Company, for cash proceeds of $70,688 (the “DavCo and NPC Transactions”). The acquisition of Wendy’s restaurants from DavCo was not contingent on executing the sale agreement with NPC; as such, the Company accounted for the transactions as an acquisition and subsequent disposition of a business. As part of the transactions, the Company retained leases for purposes of subleasing such properties to NPC.


16

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



The total consideration paid to DavCo was allocated to net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values.  Refer to the Form 10-K for further information regarding the purchase price allocation.  The Company finalized the purchase price allocation during 2018 with no differences from the provisional amounts previously reported.  The loss on the DavCo and NPC Transactions was comprised of the write-off of goodwill of $65,503 and selling and other costs of $1,680, partially offset by the recognition of net favorable leases of $24,034.

As part of the DavCo acquisition, the Company recognized a supplemental purchase price liability of $6,269, of which $6,100 was settled during the six months ended July 1, 2018.

As of July 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had assets held for sale of $3,579 and $2,235, respectively, primarily consisting of surplus properties. Assets held for sale are included in “Prepaid expenses and other current assets.”

(5) Reorganization and Realignment Costs

The following is a summary of the initiatives included in “Reorganization and realignment costs:”
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
G&A realignment
$
3,120

 
$
17,245

 
$
5,746

 
$
17,245

System optimization initiative
4

 
454

 
4

 
635

Reorganization and realignment costs
$
3,124

 
$
17,699

 
$
5,750

 
$
17,880


General and Administrative (G&A”) Realignment

In May 2017, the Company initiated a plan to further reduce its G&A expenses. The Company expects to incur total costs aggregating approximately $30,000 to $33,000 related to the plan. The Company recognized costs totaling $5,746 during the six months ended July 1, 2018, which primarily included severance and related employee costs and share-based compensation. The Company expects to incur additional costs aggregating approximately $5,000, comprised of (1) severance and related employee costs of approximately $1,000, (2) recruitment and relocation costs of approximately $2,500, (3) third-party and other costs of approximately $500 and (4) share-based compensation of approximately $1,000. The Company expects to continue to recognize costs associated with the plan into 2019.

The following is a summary of the activity recorded as a result of the G&A realignment plan:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
Total
Incurred Since Inception
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
Severance and related employee costs
$
1,052

 
$
13,226

 
$
3,111

 
$
13,226

 
$
18,067

Recruitment and relocation costs
360

 

 
508

 

 
997

Third-party and other costs
604

 
325

 
932

 
325

 
2,023

 
2,016

 
13,551

 
4,551

 
13,551

 
21,087

Share-based compensation (a)
1,104

 
3,694

 
1,195

 
3,694

 
6,322

Total G&A realignment
$
3,120

 
$
17,245

 
$
5,746

 
$
17,245

 
$
27,409

_______________

(a)
Primarily represents incremental share-based compensation resulting from the modification of stock options in connection with the termination of employees under our G&A realignment plan.


17

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



As of July 1, 2018, the accruals for our G&A realignment plan are included in “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” and “Other liabilities” and totaled $7,985 and $2,107, respectively. The tables below present a rollforward of our accruals for the plan.
 
Balance
December 31,
2017
 
Charges
 
Payments
 
Balance
July 1, 2018
Severance and related employee costs
$
12,093

 
$
3,111

 
$
(5,326
)
 
$
9,878

Recruitment and relocation costs
177

 
508

 
(471
)
 
214

Third-party and other costs

 
932

 
(932
)
 

 
$
12,270

 
$
4,551

 
$
(6,729
)
 
$
10,092


 
Balance
January 1,
2017
 
Charges
 
Payments
 
Balance
July 2, 2017
Severance and related employee costs
$

 
$
13,226

 
$
(507
)
 
$
12,719

Recruitment and relocation costs

 

 

 

Third-party and other costs

 
325

 
(246
)
 
79

 
$

 
$
13,551

 
$
(753
)
 
$
12,798


System Optimization Initiative

The Company recognizes costs related to acquisitions and dispositions under its system optimization initiative. The Company incurred costs of $71,913 since inception and expects to incur additional costs of approximately $300 during the remainder of 2018, which are primarily comprised of professional fees.

(6) Investments

Equity Investments

Wendy’s has a 50% share in a partnership in a Canadian restaurant real estate joint venture (“TimWen”) with a subsidiary of Restaurant Brands International Inc., a quick-service restaurant company that owns the Tim Hortons® brand. (Tim Hortons is a registered trademark of Tim Hortons USA Inc.) In addition, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Wendy’s has a 20% share in a joint venture for the operation of Wendy’s restaurants in Brazil (the “Brazil JV”). The Company has significant influence over these investees. Such investments are accounted for using the equity method of accounting, under which our results of operations include our share of the income (loss) of the investees in “Other operating income, net.”


18

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



Presented below is activity related to our investment in TimWen and the Brazil JV included in our condensed consolidated financial statements:
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Balance at beginning of period
$
55,363

 
$
54,545

 
 
 
 
Investment
13

 
375

 
 
 
 
Equity in earnings for the period
4,827

 
4,915

Amortization of purchase price adjustments (a)
(1,179
)
 
(1,129
)
 
3,648

 
3,786

Distributions received
(5,756
)
 
(5,524
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment included in “Other comprehensive (loss) income, net” and other
(1,763
)
 
2,110

Balance at end of period
$
51,505

 
$
55,292

_______________

(a)
Purchase price adjustments that impacted the carrying value of the Company’s investment in TimWen are being amortized over the average original aggregate life of 21 years.

(7) Long-Term Debt

Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
July 1,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes:
 
 
 
3.573% Series 2018-1 Class A-2-I Notes, anticipated repayment date 2025
$
447,750

 
$

3.884% Series 2018-1 Class A-2-II Notes, anticipated repayment date 2028
472,625

 

Series 2015-1 Class A-2 Notes:
 
 
 
3.371% Series 2015-1 Class A-2-I Notes, repaid with 2018 refinancing

 
855,313

4.080% Series 2015-1 Class A-2-II Notes, anticipated repayment date 2022
875,250

 
879,750

4.497% Series 2015-1 Class A-2-III Notes, anticipated repayment date 2025
486,250

 
488,750

7% debentures, due in 2025
90,139

 
89,514

Capital lease obligations, due through 2045
466,080

 
467,964

Unamortized debt issuance costs
(35,316
)
 
(26,889
)
 
2,802,778

 
2,754,402

Less amounts payable within one year
(31,118
)
 
(30,172
)
Total long-term debt
$
2,771,660

 
$
2,724,230



19

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



On January 17, 2018, Wendy’s Funding, LLC (the “Master Issuer”), a limited-purpose, bankruptcy-remote, wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, completed a refinancing transaction under which the Master Issuer issued fixed rate senior secured notes in the following 2018-1 series: Class A-2-I with an initial principal amount of $450,000 and Class A-2-II with an initial principal amount of $475,000 (collectively, the “Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes”). Interest payments on the Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes are payable on a quarterly basis. The legal final maturity date of the Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes is in March 2048. If the Master Issuer has not repaid or redeemed the Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes prior to the respective anticipated repayment date, additional interest will accrue on these notes equal to the greater of (1) 5.00% per annum and (2) a per annum interest rate equal to the excess, if any, by which the sum of (a) the yield to maturity (adjusted to a quarterly bond-equivalent basis) on such anticipated repayment date of the United States Treasury Security having a term closest to 10 years, plus (b) 5.00%, plus (c) (i) with respect to the Series 2018-1 Class A-2-I Notes, 1.35%, and (ii) with respect to the Series 2018-1 Class A-2-II Notes, 1.58%, exceeds the original interest rate with respect to such tranche. The net proceeds from the sale of the Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes were used to redeem the Master Issuer’s outstanding Series 2015-1 Class A-2-I Notes, to pay prepayment and transaction costs, and for general corporate purposes. As a result, the Company recorded a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $11,475 during the six months ended July 1, 2018, which was comprised of the write-off of certain deferred financing costs and a specified make-whole payment. The Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes have scheduled principal payments of $9,250 annually from 2018 through 2024, $423,250 in 2025, $4,750 in each 2026 through 2027 and $427,500 in 2028.

Concurrently, the Master Issuer entered into a revolving financing facility of Series 2018-1 Variable Funding Senior Secured Notes, Class A-1 (the “Series 2018-1 Class A-1 Notes” and, together with the Series 2018-1 Class A-2 Notes, the “Series 2018-1 Senior Notes”), which allows for the drawing of up to $150,000 using various credit instruments, including a letter of credit facility. No amounts were borrowed under the Series 2018-1 Class A-1 Notes during the six months ended July 1, 2018. The Series 2015-1 Class A-1 Notes were canceled on the closing date and the letters of credit outstanding against the Series 2015-1 Class A-1 Notes were transferred to the Series 2018-1 Class A-1 Notes.

The Series 2018-1 Senior Notes are secured by substantially all of the assets of the Master Issuer and certain other limited-purpose, bankruptcy-remote, wholly-owned indirect subsidiaries of the Company that act as guarantors (the “Guarantors”), excluding certain real estate assets and subject to certain limitations. The Series 2018-1 Senior Notes are subject to the same series of covenants and restrictions as the Series 2015-1 Senior Notes.

During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company incurred debt issuance costs of $17,672 in connection with the issuance of the Series 2018-1 Senior Notes, respectively. The debt issuance costs will be amortized to “Interest expense, net” through the anticipated repayment dates of the Series 2018-1 Senior Notes utilizing the effective interest rate method.

Wendy’s U.S. advertising fund has a revolving line of credit of $25,000. Neither the Company, nor Wendy’s, is the guarantor of the debt. The advertising fund facility was established to fund the advertising fund operations. During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company borrowed and repaid $5,809 and $7,096 under the line of credit, respectively. During the six months ended July 2, 2017, the Company borrowed and repaid $6,359 and $4,616 under the line of credit, respectively.

(8) Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Valuation techniques under the accounting guidance related to fair value measurements are based on observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect readily obtainable data from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect our market assumptions. These inputs are classified into the following hierarchy:

Level 1 Inputs - Quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2 Inputs - Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.

Level 3 Inputs - Pricing inputs are unobservable for the assets or liabilities and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the assets or liabilities. The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment or estimation.


20

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



Financial Instruments

The following table presents the carrying amounts and estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments:
 
July 1,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
 
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair
Value
 
Fair Value
Measurements
Financial assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
9,584

 
$
9,584

 
$
338

 
$
338

 
Level 1
Non-current cost method investments (a)
639

 
327,477

 
639

 
327,710

 
Level 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Series 2018-1 Class A-2-I Notes (b)
447,750

 
430,736

 

 

 
Level 2
Series 2018-1 Class A-2-II Notes (b)
472,625

 
455,138

 

 

 
Level 2
Series 2015-1 Class A-2-I Notes (b)

 

 
855,313

 
856,510

 
Level 2
Series 2015-1 Class A-2-II Notes (b)
875,250

 
876,038

 
879,750

 
897,961

 
Level 2
Series 2015-1 Class A-2-III Notes (b)
486,250

 
487,368

 
488,750

 
513,188

 
Level 2
7% debentures, due in 2025 (b)
90,139

 
104,750

 
89,514

 
107,000

 
Level 2
Guarantees of franchisee loan obligations (c)
27

 
27

 
37

 
37

 
Level 3
_______________

(a)
On February 5, 2018, a subsidiary of ARG Holding Corporation (“ARG Parent”) acquired Buffalo Wild Wings, Inc. As a result, our ownership interest was diluted to 12.3% and now includes both the Arby’s and Buffalo Wild Wings brands under the newly formed combined company, Inspire Brands. The fair value of our indirect investment in Inspire Brands is primarily based on a price per share that was determined at the time that ARG Parent financed the acquisition of Buffalo Wild Wings. In the future, the fair value is expected to be calculated by applying a multiple to Inspire Brand’s adjusted earnings before income taxes, depreciation and amortization. The carrying value of our indirect investment was reduced to zero during 2013 in connection with the receipt of a dividend. The fair values of our remaining investments are not significant and are based on our review of information provided by the investment managers or investees which was based on (1) valuations performed by the investment managers or investees, (2) quoted market or broker/dealer prices for similar investments and (3) quoted market or broker/dealer prices adjusted by the investment managers for legal or contractual restrictions, risk of nonperformance or lack of marketability, depending upon the underlying investments.

(b)
The fair values were based on quoted market prices in markets that are not considered active markets.

(c)
Wendy’s has provided loan guarantees to various lenders on behalf of franchisees entering into debt arrangements for equipment financing. We have accrued a liability for the fair value of these guarantees, the calculation of which was based upon a weighted average risk percentage.

The carrying amounts of cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximated fair value due to the short-term nature of those items. The carrying amounts of accounts and notes receivable, net (both current and non-current) approximated fair value due to the effect of the related allowance for doubtful accounts. Our cash and cash equivalents and guarantees are the only financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis.


21

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements

Assets and liabilities remeasured to fair value on a non-recurring basis resulted in impairment that we have recorded to “Impairment of long-lived assets” in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Total impairment losses may reflect the impact of remeasuring long-lived assets held and used (including land, buildings, leasehold improvements and favorable lease assets) to fair value as a result of (1) declines in operating performance at Company-operated restaurants and (2) the Company’s decision to lease and/or sublease the land and/or buildings to franchisees in connection with the sale or anticipated sale of restaurants. The fair value of long-lived assets held and used presented in the tables below represents the remaining carrying value and was estimated based on either discounted cash flows of future anticipated lease and sublease income or discounted cash flows of future Company-operated restaurant performance.

Total impairment losses may also include the impact of remeasuring long-lived assets held for sale, which primarily include surplus properties. The fair values of long-lived assets held for sale presented in the tables below represents the remaining carrying value and were estimated based on current market values. See Note 9 for further information on impairment of our long-lived assets.
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
July 1,
2018
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Held and used
$
161

 
$

 
$

 
$
161

Held for sale
427

 

 

 
427

Total
$
588

 
$

 
$

 
$
588


 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
 
December 31,
2017
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Held and used
$
757

 
$

 
$

 
$
757

Held for sale
1,560

 

 

 
1,560

Total
$
2,317

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,317


Total impairment losses included remeasuring long-lived assets held and used for the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 of $1,603 and $1,768, respectively, and remeasuring long-lived assets held for sale for the six months ended July 1, 2018 of $41. Total impairment losses for the three and six months ended July 2, 2017 included remeasuring long-lived assets held and used of $201 and $218, respectively, and remeasuring long-lived assets held for sale of $52 and $545, respectively.


22

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



(9) Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

During the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017, the Company recorded impairment charges on long-lived assets as a result of the deterioration in operating performance of certain Company-operated restaurants and charges for capital improvements in previously impaired restaurants that did not subsequently recover.  

During the six months ended July 1, 2018 and the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, the Company recorded impairment charges on long-lived assets as a result of closing Company-operated restaurants and classifying such surplus properties as held for sale. Additionally, during the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company recorded impairment charges on long-lived assets as a result of the Company’s decision to lease and/or sublease properties to franchisees in connection with the sale or anticipated sale of Company-operated restaurants.

The following is a summary of impairment losses recorded, which represent the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the affected assets and are included in “Impairment of long-lived assets.”
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Company-operated restaurants
$
1,603

 
$
201

 
$
1,603

 
$
218

Restaurants leased or subleased to franchisees

 

 
165

 

Surplus properties

 
52

 
41

 
545

 
$
1,603

 
$
253

 
$
1,809

 
$
763


(10) Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended July 1, 2018 was 29.3%. For the three months ended July 2, 2017, the Company had a loss before income taxes of $297 and a provision for income taxes of $1,548; as such, our effective tax rate for the three months ended July 2, 2017 was not meaningful. The Company’s effective tax rate varies from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% and 35% in the second quarter of 2018 and 2017, respectively, primarily due to (1) state income taxes, (2) valuation allowance changes, net of federal benefit, (3) the impact of the comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), (4) net excess tax benefits related to share-based payments, which resulted in a benefit of $798 in the second quarter of 2018, and (5) the system optimization initiative provision of $2,166 in 2017, reflecting goodwill adjustments, changes to valuation allowances on state net operating loss carryforwards and state deferred taxes (including a correction to prior years identified and recorded in the second quarter of 2017, which resulted in a benefit of $2,248).

The Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 was 11.6% and 35.6%, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rate varies from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% and 35% for the first six months of 2018 and 2017, respectively, primarily due to (1) net excess tax benefits related to share-based payments, which resulted in a benefit of $6,891 in the first six months of 2018, (2) state income taxes and (3) the impact of the Tax Act and (4) the system optimization initiative in 2017, reflecting goodwill adjustments, changes to valuation allowances on state net operating loss carryforwards and state deferred taxes (including a correction to prior years identified and recorded in the first six months of 2017, which resulted in a benefit of $2,248).

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted the Tax Act. In our continued analysis of the impact of the Tax Act in the first and second quarters of 2018 under Staff Accounting Bulletin 118, we have adjusted our provisional amounts for a discrete net tax benefit of $2,795. This net benefit includes $4,750 for the tax benefit of foreign tax credits, partially offset by a net expense of $1,955 related to the impact of the corporate rate reduction on our net deferred tax liabilities. The ultimate impact of the Tax Act may differ from these provisional amounts, possibly materially, due to, among other things, additional analysis, changes in interpretations and assumptions the Company has made and additional regulatory guidance that may be issued.

There were no significant changes to unrecognized tax benefits or related interest and penalties for the Company during the three and six months ended July 1, 2018.


23

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



The current portion of refundable income taxes was $17,768 and $26,262 as of July 1, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and is included in “Accounts and notes receivable, net” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Long-term refundable income taxes are included in “Other assets” and amounted to $5,523 as of July 1, 2018. There were no long-term refundable income taxes as of December 31, 2017.

(11) Net Income (Loss) Per Share

Basic net income (loss) per share was computed by dividing net income (loss) amounts by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.

The weighted average number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted net income (loss) per share were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average basic shares outstanding
238,991

 
245,261

 
239,459

 
245,933

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted shares
7,161

 

 
7,826

 
7,963

Weighted average diluted shares outstanding
246,152

 
245,261

 
247,285

 
253,896


Diluted net income (loss) per share for the three and six months ended July 1, 2018 and July 2, 2017 was computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of basic shares outstanding plus the potential common share effect of dilutive stock options and restricted shares. For the three and six months ended July 1, 2018, we excluded potential common shares of 27 and 1,369, respectively, from our diluted net income per share calculation as they would have had anti-dilutive effects. Diluted net loss per share for the three months ended July 2, 2017 was the same as basic net loss per share since the Company reported a net loss and, therefore, the effect of all potentially dilutive securities would have been anti-dilutive. For the six months ended July 2, 2017, we excluded potential common shares of 119 from our diluted net income per share calculation as they would have had anti-dilutive effects.

(12) Stockholders’ Equity

Stockholders’ Equity

The following is a summary of the changes in stockholders’ equity:
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Balance at beginning of period
$
573,203

 
$
527,736

Comprehensive income
39,783

 
29,490

Cash dividends
(40,645
)
 
(34,447
)
Repurchases of common stock
(85,194
)
 
(52,501
)
Share-based compensation
9,591

 
11,372

Exercises of stock options
6,814

 
6,161

Vesting of restricted shares
(2,921
)
 
(2,732
)
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle (a)
(70,210
)
 
1,880

Other
118

 
90

Balance at end of period
$
430,539

 
$
487,049

_______________


24

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



(a)
During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company recognized a net increase to “Accumulated deficit” of $70,210 as a result of adoption of amended guidance for revenue recognition. The net increase resulted from an increase to deferred franchise fees of $85,561 and a decrease to “Deferred income taxes” of $21,996 as a result of now deferring franchise fees over the contractual term of the franchise agreements. Additionally, an increase to “Advertising funds restricted liabilities” of $6,645 was recognized as a result of a reclassification of the total stockholders’ deficit of the Advertising Funds as of December 31, 2017. See Note 2 for further information.

During the six months ended July 2, 2017, the Company recognized a tax benefit as a reduction to the Company’s deferred tax liability with an equal offsetting increase to “Accumulated deficit.” The adjustment was recognized as a result of adoption of an amendment to the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions.

Repurchases of Common Stock

In February 2018, our Board of Directors authorized a repurchase program for up to $175,000 of our common stock through March 3, 2019, when and if market conditions warrant and to the extent legally permissible. During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company repurchased 3,675 shares with an aggregate purchase price of $62,490, of which $2,146 was accrued at July 1, 2018, and excluding commissions of $52. As of July 1, 2018, the Company had $112,510 of availability remaining under its February 2018 authorization. Subsequent to July 1, 2018 through August 1, 2018, the Company repurchased 1,129 shares with an aggregate purchase price of $19,395, excluding commissions of $16.

In February 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a repurchase program for up to $150,000 of our common stock through March 4, 2018, when and if market conditions warranted and to the extent legally permissible. During the six months ended July 1, 2018, the Company completed the $150,000 program with the repurchase of 1,385 shares with an aggregate purchase price of $22,633, excluding commissions of $19. During the six months ended July 2, 2017, the Company repurchased 3,611 shares with an aggregate purchase price of $52,448, of which $1,974 was accrued at July 2, 2017, and excluding commissions of $53.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The following table provides a rollforward of the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax as applicable:
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Cash Flow Hedges (a)
 
Pension
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
(45,149
)
 
$

 
$
(1,049
)
 
$
(46,198
)
Current-period other comprehensive (loss) income
(10,369
)
 

 
117

 
(10,252
)
Balance at July 1, 2018
$
(55,518
)
 
$

 
$
(932
)
 
$
(56,450
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2017
$
(60,299
)
 
$
(1,797
)
 
$
(1,145
)
 
$
(63,241
)
Current-period other comprehensive income
8,010

 
888

 
96

 
8,994

Balance at July 2, 2017
$
(52,289
)
 
$
(909
)
 
$
(1,049
)
 
$
(54,247
)
_______________

(a)
Current-period other comprehensive income included the reclassification of unrealized losses on cash flow hedges from “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” to our condensed consolidated statements of operations of $443 and $888 for the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, respectively. The reclassification of unrealized losses on cash flow hedges consisted of $724 and $1,447 for the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, respectively, recorded to “Interest expense, net,” net of the related income tax benefit of $281 and $559 for the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, respectively, recorded to “Provision for income taxes.”


25

THE WENDY’S COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)



(13) Leases

At July 1, 2018, Wendy’s and its franchisees operated 6,656 Wendy’s restaurants. Of the 332 Company-operated Wendy’s restaurants, Wendy’s owned the land and building for 144 restaurants, owned the building and held long-term land leases for 139 restaurants and held leases covering land and building for 49 restaurants. Wendy’s also owned 520 and leased 1,293 properties that were either leased or subleased principally to franchisees.

Rental expense for operating leases consists of the following components:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Rental expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Minimum rentals
$
25,070

 
$
22,786

 
$
49,924

 
$
42,704

Contingent rentals
5,390

 
4,722

 
9,461

 
9,010

Total rental expense (a) (b)
$
30,460

 
$
27,508

 
$
59,385

 
$
51,714

_______________

(a)
Amounts include rental expense related to (1) leases for Company-operated restaurants recorded to “Cost of sales,” (2) leased properties that are subsequently leased to franchisees recorded to “Franchise rental expense” and (3) leases for corporate offices and equipment recorded to “General and administrative.”

(b)
Amounts exclude sublease income of $34,950 and $69,256 recognized during the three and six months ended July 1, 2018, respectively, and $30,849 and $57,412 recognized during the three and six months ended July 2, 2017, respectively.

Rental income for operating leases and subleases consists of the following components:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
 
July 1,
2018
 
July 2,
2017
Rental income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Minimum rentals
$
45,930

 
$
41,560

 
$
92,258

 
$
80,165

Contingent rentals
5,599

 
5,375

 
9,378

 
9,687

Total rental income
$
51,529

 
$
46,935

 
$
101,636

 
$
89,852


The following table illustrates the Company’s future minimum rental payments and rental receipts for non-cancelable leases and subleases, including rental receipts for direct financing leases as of July 1, 2018. Rental receipts below are presented separately for owned properties and for leased properties based on the classification of the underlying lease.
 
Rental Payments
 
Rental Receipts
Fiscal Year
Capital
Leases
 
Operating
Leases
 
Capital
Leases
 
Operating
Leases
 
Owned
Properties
2018 (a)
$
24,412

 
$
48,499

 
$
32,627

 
$
37,599

 
$
26,980

2019
45,681

 
94,249

 
65,695

 
75,456

 
54,827

2020
46,610

 
93,136

 
66,792

 
75,213

 
55,435

2021
48,228

 
92,635

 
68,609

 
75,196

 
57,027

2022
49,339

 
92,355

 
69,810

 
75,652

 
58,600

Thereafter
760,160

 
1,123,911

 
1,056,005

 
919,959

 
948,646

Total minimum payments
$
974,430

 
$
1,544,785

 
$
1,359,538

 
$
1,259,075

 
$
1,201,515

Less interest
(508,350
)