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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.tv493036_ex32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.tv493036_ex32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.tv493036_ex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.tv493036_ex31-1.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

(Mark One)

xQUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018

 

or

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________to _______________.

 

Commission File Number: 001-35988

 

 

 

xG Technology, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware     20-5856795
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)    (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

240 S. Pineapple Avenue, Suite 701

Sarasota, FL 34236

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(941) 953-9035

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

n/a

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x    No  ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨ Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company  x
  Emerging growth company  x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x

 

The number of shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding as of May 15, 2018 is 16,148,946.

 

 

 

 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

For the quarter ended March 31, 2018

 

  Page
Number
PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1. Financial Statements 1
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 25
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 32
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 32
   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 33
Item 1A. Risk Factors 33
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 33
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 33
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 33
Item 5. Other Information 33
Item 6. Exhibits 34
SIGNATURES 35

 

 

 

 

PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

Index to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017 2
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 3
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 4
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 6

 

 1 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE DATA)

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
   (unaudited)     
ASSETS          
Current assets          
Cash  $455   $2,799 
Accounts receivable, net   6,652    8,337 
Inventories, net   16,192    14,753 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   875    626 
Total current assets   24,174    26,515 
Property and equipment, net   2,926    3,237 
Intangible assets, net   6,317    6,894 
Total assets  $33,417   $36,646 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable  $10,451   $10,918 
Accrued expenses   3,556    3,150 
Convertible note payable   2,000    2,000 
Due to related parties   943    998 
Deferred revenue and customer deposits   915    634 
Obligation under capital leases   10    18 
Derivative liabilities   662    1,271 
Total current liabilities   18,537    18,989 
Long-term obligation under capital leases, net of current portion   27    30 
Total liabilities   18,564    19,019 
Commitments and contingencies          
Stockholders’ equity          
Preferred stock – $0.00001 par value per share:  10,000,000 shares authorized as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017        
Common stock – $0.00001 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 14,959,784 and 14,897,392 shares issued and 14,959,782 and 14,897,390 outstanding as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively        
Additional paid in capital   238,052    237,140 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   437    354 
Treasury stock, at cost – 2 shares at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively   (22)   (22)
Accumulated deficit   (223,614)   (219,845)
Total stockholders’ equity   14,853    17,627 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity  $33,417   $36,646 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 2 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND
COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(IN THOUSANDS EXCEPT NET (LOSS) INCOME PER SHARE DATA)

 

   For the Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Revenue, net  $9,733   $9,335 
Cost of revenue and operating expenses          
Cost of components and personnel   4,790    5,571 
Inventory valuation adjustments   113    99 
General and administrative expenses   5,832    6,548 
Research and development expenses   2,442    1,874 
Amortization and depreciation   887    989 
Total cost of revenue and operating expenses   (14,064)   (15,081)
Loss from operations   (4,331)   (5,746)
Other income (expense)          
Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities   609    (217)
Preliminary gain on bargain purchase       11,839 
Gain on debt extinguishment       2,900 
Interest expense   (47)   (484)
Total other income   562    14,038 
Net (loss) income  $(3,769)  $8,292 
           
Basic (loss) earnings per share  $(0.25)  $0.87 
           
Diluted (loss) earnings per share  $(0.25)   0.84 
           
Weighted average number of shares outstanding:          
Basic   14,948    9,585 
           
Diluted   14,948    9,925 
           
Comprehensive (loss) income:          
Net (loss) income  $(3,769)  $8,292 
Unrealized gain (loss) on currency translation adjustment   437    (17)
           
Comprehensive (loss) income  $(3,332)  $8,275 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(IN THOUSANDS)

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Cash flows used in operating activities          
Net (loss) income  $(3,769)  $8,292 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities          
Gain on bargain purchase       (11,839)
Gain on debt extinguishment       (2,900)
Stock-based compensation   815    165 
Payment made in stock (payroll and consultants)   68    669 
Stock issuance commitments   90    303 
Inventory valuation adjustments   113    99 
Depreciation and amortization   887    989 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (609)   217 
Guaranteed interest and debt issuance costs       434 
           
Changes in assets and liabilities          
Accounts receivable   1,795    (3,243)
Inventory   (1,213)   732 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (230)   (97)
Accounts payable   (827)   2,430 
Accrued expenses and interest expense   304    2,906 
Deferred revenue and customer deposits   269    (41)
Due to related parties   (45)   765 
Net cash used in operating activities   (2,352)   (119)
Cash flows used in investing activities          
Cash disbursed for property and equipment   (30)   (316)
Cash used in Vislink acquisition       (6,500)
Net cash used in investing activities   (30)   (6,816)
Cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities          
Principal repayments made on capital lease obligations   (11)   (14)
Proceeds from multiple issuances of convertible preferred stock, common stock and warrants       3,500 
Costs incurred in connection with multiple financings       (459)
Principal repayments of Vislink notes       (2,000)
Proceeds from the exercise of warrants       1,589 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (11)   2,616 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   49    (17)
Net decrease in cash   (2,344)   (4,336)
Cash, beginning of period   2,799    9,054 
Cash, end of period  $455   $4,718 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS – (continued)
(IN THOUSANDS)

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Cash paid for interest  $   $ 
Cash paid for taxes  $   $ 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures of investing and financing activities          
Common stock issued in connection with:          
Conversion of Series D Convertible Preferred Stock       648 
Services previously accrued   19    295 
Settlement of amounts due to related parties   10    60 
Settlement of notes payable to sellers of Vislink with assumption of liabilities and debt extinguishment       7,500 
Total debt issuance costs and guaranteed interest incurred from leak-out agreement       434 
Stock issued as payment of interest on convertible notes       90 
           
Purchase Consideration          
         Vislink  
Amount of consideration:  $   $16,000 
           
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed at preliminary fair value          
Cash        
Accounts receivable       7,129 
Inventories       14,761 
Property and equipment       1,301 
Prepaid expenses       1,209 
Accounts payable       (2,079)
Deferred rent        
Accrued expenses       (451)
Net tangible assets acquired  $   $21,870 
           
Identifiable intangible assets          
Intangible assets  $   $5,969 
Trade names and technology        
Customer relationships        
Total Identifiable Intangible Assets  $   $5,969 
           
Total net assets acquired  $   $27,839 
Consideration paid       16,000 
Preliminary gain on bargain purchase  $   $11,839 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

 

xG TECHNOLOGY, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Description of Business

 

The overarching strategy of xG Technology, Inc. (“xG” or the “Company”) is to design, develop and deliver advanced wireless communications solutions that provide customers in its target markets with enhanced levels of reliability, mobility, performance and efficiency in their business operations and missions. xG’s business lines include the brands of Integrated Microwave Technologies LLC (“IMT”), Vislink Communication Systems (“Vislink” or “VCS”), and xMax. There is considerable brand interaction, owing to complementary market focus, compatible product and technology development roadmaps, and solution integration opportunities. In addition to these brands, xG has a dedicated Federal Sector Group focused on providing next-generation spectrum sharing solutions to national defense, scientific research and other federal organizations.

 

IMT:

 

The IMT business develops, manufactures and sells microwave communications equipment utilizing COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. COFDM is a transmission technique that combines encoding technology with OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) modulation to provide the low latency and high image clarity required for real-time live broadcasting video transmissions. IMT has extensive experience in ultra-compact COFDM wireless technology, and this has allowed IMT to develop integrated solutions that deliver reliable video footage captured from both aerial and ground-based sources to fixed and mobile receiver locations.

 

Vislink:

 

On February 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities related to the hardware segment of Vislink International Limited, an England and Wales registered limited company (the ‘‘UK Seller’’), and Vislink Inc., a Delaware corporation (the ‘‘US Seller’’, and together with the UK Seller, the ‘‘Sellers’’), pursuant to a Business Purchase Agreement, dated December 16, 2016, as amended on January 13, 2017, by and among the Company, the Sellers and Vislink PLC, an England and Wales registered limited company, as guarantor. The Company refers to the hardware segment acquired as Vislink Communications Systems (“Vislink” or ‘‘VCS’’). VCS specializes in the wireless capture, delivery and management of secure, high-quality, live video from the field to the point of usage. VCS designs and manufactures products encompassing microwave radio components, satellite communication, cellular and wireless camera systems, and associated amplifier items. VCS serves two core markets: broadcast and media and law enforcement, public safety and surveillance. In the broadcast and media market, VCS provides broadcast communication links for the collection of live news and sports and entertainment events. VCS’ customers in the broadcast and media market include national broadcasters, multi-channel broadcasters, network owners and station groups, sports and live broadcasters and hosted service providers. In the law enforcement, public safety and surveillance market, VCS provides secure video communications and mission-critical solutions for law enforcement, defense and homeland security applications. VCS’ customers in the law enforcement, public safety and surveillance market include metropolitan, regional and national law enforcement agencies as well as domestic and international defense agencies and organizations.

 

 6 

 

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared using generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all information or notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements as filed on the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 2, 2018. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company's consolidated financial position as of March 31, 2018, the results of its operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 may not be indicative of results for the year ending December 31, 2018.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) include the accounts of xG and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, IMT and Vislink, since the date Vislink was acquired. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in the consolidation.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made in the unaudited consolidated financial statements for comparative purposes. These reclassifications have no effect on the results of operations or financial position of the Company. 

 

Segment Reporting

 

Operating segments are identified as components of an enterprise about which separate discrete financial information is available for evaluation by the operating decision makers, or decision-making group, in making decisions on how to allocate resources and assess performance. The Company’s decision-making group is the senior executive management team. The Company and the decision-making group view the Company’s operations as different product offerings but manage its business as one operating segment. All long-lived assets of the Company reside in the U.S. and U.K.

 

Use of Estimates

 

Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions include reserves and write-downs related to receivables and inventories, the recoverability of long-lived assets, the valuation allowance relating to the Company’s deferred tax assets, valuation of equity and derivative instruments, and debt discounts and the valuation of the assets and liabilities acquired in the acquisition of Vislink.

 

Inventories

 

Inventory is recorded at the lower of cost, on a first-in, first-out basis, or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, we calculated approximately $113,000 and $99,000, respectively as adjustments to the valuation of our inventory.

 

 7 

 

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenues when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, services have been rendered, the price is fixed and determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenues from management and consulting, time-and-materials service contracts, maintenance agreements and other services are recognized as the services are provided or at the time the goods are shipped and title has passed.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock compensation with persons classified as employees for accounting purposes in accordance with Accounting Standards Codifications (“ASC”) 718 "Compensation – Stock Compensation", which recognizes awards at fair value on the date of grant and recognition of compensation over the service period for awards expected to vest.  The fair value of stock options is determined using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model. The fair value of common stock issued for services is determined based on the Company's stock price on the date of issuance.

 

The Company accounts for stock compensation arrangements with persons classified as non-employees for accounting purposes in accordance with ASC 505-50 "Stock-Based Transactions with Nonemployees", which requires that such equity instruments are recorded at their fair value on the measurement date. The measurement of share-based compensation is subject to periodic adjustment as the underlying instruments vest. The fair value of stock options is estimated using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model and the compensation charges are amortized over the vesting period.

 

(Loss) Earnings Per Share

 

The Company reports (loss) earnings per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, “Earnings Per Share,” which establishes standards for computing and presenting earnings per share. Basic (loss) earnings per share of common stock is calculated by dividing net (loss) earnings allocable to common stockholders by the weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding during the period, without consideration of common stock equivalents. Diluted (loss) earnings per share is calculated by adjusting the weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding for the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents, including stock options and warrants, outstanding for the period as determined using the treasury stock method. For purposes of the diluted net loss per share calculation, common stock equivalents are excluded from the calculation because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, basic and diluted net loss per share applicable to common stockholders is the same for periods with a net loss.

 

The following table illustrates the determination of loss per share for each period presented (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Numerator:          
Net (loss) income applicable to common stockholders – basic and diluted  $(3,769)  $8,292 
           
Denominator:          
Weighted average shares outstanding -  basic   14,948    9,585 
Dilutive stock options   0    340 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted   14,948    9,925 
Net loss per share applicable to common stockholders:          
Basic  $(0.25)  $0.87 
Dilutive  $(0.25)  $0.84 
Anti-dilutive potential common stock equivalents from the calculation of (Loss) Income per share:          
Stock options   6,376    3,556 
Convertible debt   48    48 
Warrants   8,695    8,182 

 

 8 

 

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

U.S. GAAP requires disclosing the fair value of financial instruments to the extent practicable for financial instruments which are recognized or unrecognized in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair value of the financial instruments disclosed herein is not necessarily representative of the amount that could be realized or settled, nor does the fair value amount consider the tax consequences of realization or settlement.

 

In assessing the fair value of financial instruments, the Company uses a variety of methods and assumptions, which are based on estimates of market conditions and risks existing at the time. For certain instruments, including, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses, the Company estimated that the carrying amount approximated fair value because of the short maturities of these instruments. All debt is based on current rates at which the Company could borrow funds with similar remaining maturities and approximates fair value.

 

U.S. GAAP establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use on unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is described below:

 

Level 1 –   Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
   
Level 2 – Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data.
   
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs.

 

Foreign Currency and Other Comprehensive Gain (Loss)

 

The functional currency of our foreign subsidiary is typically the applicable local currency which is British Pounds. The translation from the respective foreign currency to United States Dollars (U.S. Dollars) is performed for balance sheet accounts using current exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for income statement accounts using an average exchange rate during the period. Gains or losses resulting from such translation are included as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income. Gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in foreign currency income or loss except for the effect of exchange rates on long-term inter-company transactions considered to be a long-term investment, which are accumulated and credited or charged to other comprehensive income.

 

Transaction gains and losses are recognized in our results of operations based on the difference between the foreign exchange rates on the transaction date and on the reporting date. The Company recognized a net foreign exchange gain of approximately of $3,600 and a loss of $80,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The foreign currency exchange gains and losses are included as a component of general and administrative expenses in the accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, there was an increase in other accumulated comprehensive income of approximately $83,000 and there was a decrease in other accumulated comprehensive income of approximately $17,000, respectively.

 

 9 

 

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

The exchange rates adopted for the foreign exchange transactions are the rates of exchange as quoted on OANDA, a Canadian-based foreign exchange company and internet website providing currency conversion, online retail foreign exchange trading, online foreign currency transfers, and forex information. Translation of amounts from British Pounds into United States dollars was made at the following exchange rates for the respective periods:

 

·As of March 31, 2018 – British Pounds $1.40084 to US $1.00

 

·Average rate for the three months ended March 31, 2018 – British Pounds $1.391167 to US $1.00

 

Subsequent Events

 

Management has evaluated subsequent events or transactions occurring through the date the condensed consolidated financial statements were issued and determined that no events or transactions are required to be disclosed herein, except as disclosed.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Principles

 

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-05 “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (SEC Update)”, which amended ASC 740 to incorporate the requirements of Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) 118. Issued in December 2017 by the SEC, SAB 118 addresses the application of U.S. GAAP in situations in which a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Reform Act”) which was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The Company’s accounting is complete as it pertains to the Tax Reform Act and no provisional amounts have been recorded as a result.

 

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU Number 2018-04, Investments - Debt Securities (Topic 320) and Regulated Operations (Topic 980). This update amended the guidance for other than temporary impairment of equity securities at fair value upon a registrant's adoption of ASC Topic 320. The Company adopted Topic 320 concurrently with ASU Number 2016-01 in January 2018.

 

In February 2018, FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-03; Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments—Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. The technical corrections and improvements intended to clarify certain aspects of the guidance on recognizing and measuring financial assets and liabilities in ASU 2016-01. This includes equity securities without a readily determinable fair value, forward contracts and purchased options, presentation requirements for certain fair value option liabilities, fair value option liabilities denominated in foreign currency and transition guidance for equity securities without a readily determinable fair value. The Company is required to adopt these standards starting in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 and does not anticipate that implementation will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 10 

 

 

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

 

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The standard will permit entities to reclassify tax effects stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI") as a result of U.S. tax reform to retained earnings. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The effects of this standard on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows are not expected to be material.

 

In January 2016, the FASB released ASU 2016-02, “Leases.” The FASB issued a subsequent amendment to the initial guidance in January 2018 within ASU 2018-01. The core principle of the standard requires an entity to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The amendment offers specific accounting guidance for a lessee, a lessor and sale and leaseback transactions. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The Company plans to adopt these new standards in the first quarter of 2019. The Company has not yet determined the effect of these standards on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2014-09 completes the joint effort by the FASB and IASB to improve financial reporting by creating common revenue recognition guidance for U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). The ASU 2014-09 revenue recognition model virtually replaces all existing revenue recognition guidance and applies to all companies that enter into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services. ASU 2014-09 (as updated by ASU 2015-14 in August 2015, ASU No. 2016-08 in March 2016, ASU No. 10 in April 2016 and ASU No. 12 in May 2016) is effective for public entities for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Public and nonpublic entities have the choice to apply ASU 2014-09 either retrospectively to each reporting period presented or by recognizing the cumulative effect of applying ASU 2014-09 at the date of initial application and not adjusting comparative information. Our emerging growth company (“EGC”) status expires at the end of this calendar year of 2018. Upon the loss of EGC status, an issuer is required to adopt the standard in its next filing. This accounting standard becomes effective for the Company for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim reporting periods thereafter, specifically the first quarter of 2019. The Company is still evaluating whether the adoption of ASU 2014-09 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements. Additionally, the Company intends to utilize the modified retrospective adoption and recognize the cumulative effect of initially applying ASU 2014-09, if significant, as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit at the date of initial application.

 

Other recent accounting standards issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the SEC did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company's present or future condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 11 

 

 

NOTE 2 — LIQUIDITY AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Under Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40) (“ASC 205-40”), the Company has the responsibility to evaluate whether conditions and/or events raise substantial doubt about its ability to meet its future financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. As required by ASC 205-40, this evaluation shall initially not take into consideration the potential mitigating effects of plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued.  Management has assessed the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with the requirement of ASC 205-40.

 

As reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company had working capital and an accumulated deficit of $5.6 million and $223.6 million, respectively, at March 31, 2018. In addition, the Company had a loss from operations of approximately $4.3 million and cash used in operating activities of $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared assuming the Company can continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations through realization of assets, and the settling of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company implemented a cost reduction plan in April 2018 that is expected to result in approximately $5 million in annual savings, although no assurance can be provided that the Company will meet that target. Initial savings were realized through immediate cost reductions affecting the xMax division by eliminating certain personnel costs and associated benefits and reduction in facilities and other expenses. While implementing these cost reduction initiatives is management’s primary focus, the Company also believes it has the ability to raise additional working capital through equity or debt offerings; however no assurance can be provided that the Company will be successful in such capital raising efforts. As a result of such cost reduction efforts and the Company’s existing working capital, management believes that the Company has sufficient working capital to continue as a going concern for a period of at least twelve months from the date these financial statements have been issued.

 

The ability to recognize revenue and ultimately cash receipts is contingent upon, but not limited to, acceptable performance of the delivered equipment and services. If the Company is unable to close on some of its revenue producing opportunities in the near term, the carrying value of its assets may be materially impacted.

 

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NOTE 3 — ACQUISITION OF VISLINK

 

Acquisition of Vislink International Limited

 

On February 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities related to the hardware segment of Vislink International Limited, an England and Wales registered limited company (the ‘‘UK Seller’’), and Vislink Inc., a Delaware corporation (the ‘‘US Seller’’, and together with the UK Seller, the ‘‘Sellers’’), pursuant to a Business Purchase Agreement, dated December 16, 2016, as amended on January 16, 2017, by and among the Company, the Sellers and Vislink PLC, an England and Wales registered limited company, as guarantor. The purchase price paid for the transaction was an aggregate of $16 million consisting of (i) $6.5 million in cash consideration and (ii) promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $9.5 million (the ‘‘Notes’’). In connection with the Notes, the Company entered into a Security Agreement, dated February 2, 2017, with each of the Sellers (the ‘‘Security Agreements’’). The Notes were originally due to mature on March 20, 2017 (the ‘‘Maturity Date’’). Interest on the Notes was payable in cash on the Maturity Date at a rate per annum equal to LIBOR plus 1.9%. Pursuant to the Security Agreements, as collateral security for the Company’s obligations under the Notes, the Company granted the Sellers a security interest in certain assets purchased from the Sellers in connection with the transaction.

 

The fair value of the purchase consideration issued to the sellers of Vislink was allocated to the net assets acquired. The Company accounted for the Vislink acquisition as the purchase of a business under U.S. GAAP under the acquisition method of accounting, and the assets and liabilities acquired were recorded as of the acquisition date at their respective fair values and consolidated with those of the Company. The fair value of the net assets acquired was approximately $26.9 million. The excess of the aggregate fair value of the net tangible assets has been treated as a gain on bargain purchase in accordance with ASC 805. The purchase price allocation was based, in part, on management’s knowledge of Vislink’s business and the results of a third-party appraisal commissioned by management.

 

The Company utilized the services of an independent appraisal company to assist it in assessing the fair value of the assets and liabilities acquired. This assessment included an evaluation of the fair value of inventory, fixed assets and the fair value of the intangible assets acquired based upon the expected cash flows from the assets acquired. Additionally, the Company incorporated the carrying value of the remaining working capital as Vislink’s management represented that the carrying value of these assets and liabilities served as a reasonable proxy for fair value. The valuation process included discussions with management regarding the history and business operations of Vislink, a study of the economic and industry conditions in which Vislink competes and an analysis of the historical and projected financial statements and other records and documents.

 

When it became apparent there was a potential for a bargain purchase gain, management reviewed the Vislink assets and liabilities acquired and the assumptions utilized in estimating their fair values. The Company determined that provisional amounts, previously recognized, required adjustments to reflect new information obtained. According to ASC 805-10-25-15, the Company has a period of time, referred to as the measurement period, to finalize the accounting for a business combination. Upon additional review of identifying and valuing all assets and liabilities of the business, the Company concluded that recording a bargain purchase gain with respect to Vislink was appropriate and required under U.S. GAAP.

 

The Company then undertook a review to determine what factors might contribute to a bargain purchase and if it was reasonable for a bargain purchase to occur. Factors that contributed to the bargain purchase price were:

 

·The Vislink acquisition was completed with motivated Sellers who had a public strategy to concentrate on growing their software business as opposed to their technology and hardware businesses. As a strategic decision, the Sellers intended to sell off the assets of the hardware business.

 

·The announcement of the U.K. leaving the European Union led to a decline in the pound, which led to pressure by Vislink’s creditors to raise funds. The owners of Vislink were motivated to complete a transaction in order to use the proceeds to reduce the line of credit they owed to the bank.

 

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NOTE 3 — ACQUISITION OF VISLINK (continued)

 

·The industry in 2015 and 2016 experienced a downturn as decreased spending combined with economic uncertainty caused corporations to delay wireless and broadcast infrastructure upgrades. The Sellers believed these trends would continue. According to IBISWorld, industry revenue is expected to fall at an annualized rate of 0.6% over the next five years reflecting further deterioration in the industry. As a result, the Sellers decided to sell the business.

 

·Prior to the U.K. leaving the European Union, Vislink was under contract to be sold for a much higher price. The Company took advantage of the economic and industry downturn to negotiate a favorable price which was less than the value of the assets acquired for a total purchase consideration of $16 million.

 

Based upon these factors, the Company concluded that the occurrence of a bargain purchase was reasonable.

 

Purchase Consideration     
      
Amount of consideration:  $16,000,000 
      
Tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at fair value     
Accounts receivable  $7,129,000 
Inventories   15,232,000 
Property and equipment   3,868,000 
Prepaid expenses   944,000 
Accounts payable   (2,294,000)
Customer deposits   (1,137,000)
Accrued expenses   (451,000)
Net tangible assets acquired  $23,291,000 
      
Identifiable intangible assets     
Trade names and technology  $1,100,000 
Customer relationships   2,520,000 
Total Identifiable Intangible Assets  $3,620,000 
      
Total net assets acquired  $26,911,000 
Consideration   16,000,000 
Gain on bargain purchase  $10,911,000 

 

Since the closing of the transaction, the Company assumed $4.6 million of additional Vislink liabilities, thus reducing the principal amount due to the Sellers by $4.9 million. On March 17, 2017, the Company came to an agreement with the Sellers, pursuant to which the Company paid $2 million in cash and the Sellers extinguished the remaining $2.9 million of principal owed under the Notes and the Company recorded a gain on debt extinguishment in its Consolidated Statements of Operations. During the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company finalized its purchase price allocation analysis in accordance with ASC 805. As such, the Company’s final reported gain on bargain purchase was determined to be $10.9 million reduced from its previously reported gain on bargain purchase of $15.5 million. Such adjustments were made due to the Company completing its analysis of the net realizable value of certain of the tangible assets acquired.

 

The estimated useful life remaining on the property and equipment acquired is 1 to 11 years and on the intangible assets is 3 to 10 years.

 

The following presents the unaudited pro-forma combined results of operations of xG and Vislink as if the entities were combined on January 1, 2017.

 

   For the Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2017 
     
Revenues, net  $10,576 
Net (loss) allocable to common stockholders  $(7,525)
Net (loss) per share  $(0.79)
Weighted average number of shares outstanding   9,585 

 

The unaudited pro-forma results of operations are presented for information purposes only. The unaudited pro-forma results of operations are not intended to present actual results that would have been attained had the acquisitions been completed as of January 1, 2017 or to project potential operating results as of any future date or for any future periods.

 

 14 

 

 

NOTE 4 — INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Intangible assets consist of the following:

 

   Software Development
Costs
   Patents and Licenses   Trade Names and 
Technology
   Customer Relationships     
       Accumulated       Accumulated       Accumulated       Accumulated     
   Costs   Amortization   Costs   Amortization   Costs   Amortization   Costs   Amortization   Net 
Balance as of December 31, 2017  $18,647,000   $(18,211,000)  $12,378,000   $(9,171,000)  $1,450,000   $(243,000)  $2,880,000   $(836,000)  $6,894,000 
Additions   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Impairments   -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    - 
Amortization   -    (134,000)   -    (166,000)   -    (56,000)   -    (221,000)   (577,000)
Balance as of March 31, 2018  $18,647,000   $(18,345,000)  $12,378,000   $(9,337,000)  $1,450,000   $(299,000)  $2,880,000   $(1,057,000)  $6,317,000 

 

Amortization of intangible assets amounted to $0.6 million and $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Software Development Costs:

 

At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had net capitalized software costs of $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized amortization of software development costs of $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

 

Patents and Licenses:

 

At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had net capitalized costs of patents and licenses of $3.0 million and $3.2 million, respectively. The Company amortizes patents and licenses that have been filed over their useful lives which range between 18.5 to 20 years. The costs of provisional patents and pending applications is not amortized until the patent is filed and is reviewed each reporting period to determine if it is likely that the patent will be successfully filed. The Company recognized $0.2 million of amortization expense related to patents and licenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Other Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s remaining intangible assets include the trade names, technology and customer lists acquired in its acquisition of IMT and Vislink. The Company amortizes trade names, technology and customer relationships over their useful lives which range between 3 to 15 years.

 

Estimated amortization expense for total intangible assets for the succeeding five years is as follows:

 

Balance 2018  $1,724,000 
2019   1,763,000 
2020   993,000 
2021   818,000 
2022   574,000 
Thereafter   445,000 
   $6,317,000 

 

The Company's intangible assets acquired in 2016 and 2017 will be amortized over a weighted average remaining life of approximately 2.67 years.

 

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NOTE 5 — CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE

 

Treco

 

On October 6, 2011, the Company entered into a convertible promissory note (the “$2 Million Convertible Note”) in favor of Treco International, S.A. (“Treco”), as part of the settlement compensation to Treco for terminating an infrastructure agreement. The $2 Million Convertible Note is payable on its maturity date, October 6, 2018 and is convertible, at Treco’s option, into shares of the Company’s common stock at a price of $42,000 per share. Interest at the rate of 9% per year is payable semi-annually in cash or shares of the Company’s common stock, at the Company’s option. The accrued interest at March 31, 2018 was $87,000. On January 10, 2017, the Company issued 24,397 shares of common stock as the semi-annual payment of interest of $90,000. Interest expense was $45,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

NOTE 6 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Leases:

 

The Company leases office space in Sarasota, Florida pursuant to a lease which runs through September 2019. Future payments under such lease will amount to $138,000.

 

The Company leases office space in Sunrise, Florida pursuant to a lease which runs through May 2019. Future payments under such lease will amount to $202,000.

 

The Company leases warehouse space in Sunrise, Florida pursuant to a lease which runs through January 2019. Future payments under such lease will amount to $15,000.

 

In January 2017, IMT signed a new lease for warehouse and office space in Hackettstown, New Jersey which runs through April 29, 2020. Future payments under such lease will amount to $188,000.

 

In connection with the acquisition of Vislink, the Company signed a new lease for office space in Hemel, U.K. in May 2017 which runs through October 2020. Future payments under such lease will amount to approximately $641,000.

 

In connection with the acquisition of Vislink, the Company assumed the lease obligations relating to Vislink office space in the following locations:

 

Location  Lease End Date  Approximate
Future
Payments
 
Colchester, U.K.  March 2025  $3,618,000 
Billerica, MA  May 2021  $1,396,000 
Singapore  August 2020  $81,000 
Dubai, United Arab Emirates  July 2018  $16,000 
Anaheim, CA  June 2018  $10,000 

 

The Company’s office, deployment sites and warehouse facilities rent expenses aggregated to approximately $397,000 and $203,000 during three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The leases will expire on different dates from 2018 through 2025. The Company’s total obligation of minimum future annual rentals, exclusive of real estate taxes and related costs, is approximately as follows:

 

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NOTE 6 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (continued)

 

Year Ending December 31,    
Balance 2018  $1,413,000 
2019   1,691,000 
2020   1,275,000 
2021   594,000 
2022   410,000 
Thereafter   923,000 
   $6,306,000 

 

Legal:

 

The Company is subject, from time to time, to claims by third parties under various legal theories. The defense of such claims, or any adverse outcome relating to any such claims, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial condition and cash flows. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 the Company did not have any material legal actions pending.

 

Pension:

 

The Company at its discretion may make matching contributions to the 401(k) plan its employees participate in. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company did not make any matching contributions.

 

The Company currently operates a Group Personal Pension Plan in its U.K. subsidiary and funds are invested with Royal London. U.K. employees are entitled to join the plan to which the Company contributes varying amounts subject to status. In addition, the Company operates a stakeholder pension scheme in the U.K. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company did not make any matching contributions.

 

NOTE 7 — STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock Issuances

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company:

 

·Issued 43,747 shares of its common stock for employees, directors, consultants and other professionals for a total value of $68,000. The value of the common stock issued was based on the fair value of the stock at the time of issuance.

 

·Recognized $815,000 of compensation costs, associated with outstanding stock options, in general and administrative expenses with a corresponding capital contribution.

 

·Issued 6,411 shares of its common stock in satisfaction of related party obligations valued at $10,000. The value of the common stock issued was based on the fair value of the stock at the time of issuance.

 

·Issued 12,232 shares of its common stock in satisfaction of amounts previously deferred for employee/consultant agreements in the amount of $19,000.

 

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NOTE 7 — STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (continued)

 

Warrants and Options

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded approximately $815,000 and $165,000, respectively as stock compensation expense from the amortization of stock options issued in prior periods. As of March 31, 2018, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 9.13 years for options outstanding and 8.99 years for options exercisable. The intrinsic value of options exercisable at March 31, 2018 and 2017 was $0 and $0.07, respectively. As of March 31, 2018, the remaining expense is approximately $6.69 million over the remaining amortization period which is 2.63 years. The Company estimates forfeiture and volatility using historical information. The risk-free interest rate is based on the implied yield available on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues over the equivalent lives of the options. The expected life of the options represents the estimated period of time using the simplified method. The Company has not paid dividends’ on its common stock and no assumption of dividend payment(s) is made in the model.

 

A summary of the warrant and option activity is as follows:

 

Warrants

 

   Number of Warrants
(in Shares)
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding January 1, 2018   8,695,273   $5.50 
Granted        
Exercised        
Forfeited or Expired   (169)   7,458.00 
Outstanding, March 31, 2018   8,695,104   $5.35 
Exercisable, March 31, 2018   8,695,104   $5.35 

 

Options

 

   Number of Options
(in Shares)
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
Outstanding January 1, 2018   6,550,500   $1.58 
Granted        
Exercised        
Forfeited or Expired   (175,000)   1.59 
Outstanding, March 31, 2018   6,375,000   $1.58 
Exercisable, March 31, 2018   1,115,176   $1.55 

 

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NOTE 8 — DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES

 

Each of the warrants issued in connection with our August 2015, May 2016 and July 2016 underwritten offerings and the February 2016 Series B Preferred Stock Offering have been accounted for as derivative liabilities as each of the warrants contain a net cash settlement provision whereby, upon certain fundamental events, the holders could put the warrants back to the Company for cash. 

 

The following are the key assumptions used in connection with the valuation of the warrants exercisable into common stock on the date of issuance and March 31, 2018:

 

Number of shares underlying the warrants on March 31, 2018   968,080 
Fair market value of stock  $0.87 
Exercise price  $ 2.00 to 2,400 
Volatility   54% to 162% 
Risk-free interest rate   1.93% to 2.39% 
Expected dividend yield    
Warrant life (years)   0.5 to 3.3 

 

Level 3 liabilities are valued using unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the liabilities. For fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the Company’s accounting and finance department, who report to the Chief Financial Officer, determine its valuation policies and procedures. The development and determination of the unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements and fair value calculations are the responsibility of the Company’s accounting and finance department and are approved by the Chief Financial Officer.

 

Level 3 Valuation Techniques:

 

Level 3 financial liabilities consist of the derivative liabilities for which there is no current market for these securities such that the determination of fair value requires significant judgment or estimation. Changes in fair value measurements categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are analyzed each period based on changes in estimates or assumptions and recorded as appropriate. The Company deems financial instruments which do not have fixed settlement provisions to be derivative instruments. In accordance with ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, the fair value of these warrants is classified as a liability on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets because, according to the terms of the warrants, a fundamental transaction could give rise to an obligation of the Company to pay cash to its warrant holders. Such instruments do not have fixed settlement provisions and have also been recorded as derivative liabilities. Corresponding changes in the fair value of the derivative liabilities are recognized in earnings on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in each subsequent period.

 

The Company’s derivative liabilities are carried at fair value and are classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy due to the use of significant unobservable inputs. In order to calculate fair value, the Company uses a binomial model style simulation, as the value of certain features of the warrant derivative liabilities would not be captured by the standard Black-Scholes model.

 

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NOTE 8 — DERIVATIVE LIABILITIES (continued)

 

The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in the fair value of our Level 3 financial liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 
   2018   2017 
Beginning balance  $1,271,000   $1,183,000 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (609,000)   217,000 
Ending balance  $662,000   $1,400,000 

 

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NOTE 9 — RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

MB Technology Holdings, LLC

 

On April 29, 2014, the Company entered into a management agreement (the “Management Agreement”) with MB Technology Holdings, LLC (“MBTH”), pursuant to which MBTH agreed to provide certain management and financial services to the Company for a monthly fee of $25,000. The Management Agreement was effective January 1, 2014. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred fees related to the Management Agreement of $75,000, respectively. Roger Branton, the Company’s Chief Financial Officer, and George Schmitt, the Company’s director and former Chief Executive Officer and Executive Chairman of the Board, are directors of MBTH, and Richard Mooers, a director of the Company, is the Chief Executive Officer and a director of MBTH.

 

The Company has agreed to award MBTH a 3% cash success fee if MBTH arranges financing, a merger, consolidation or sale by the Company of substantially all of its assets. The Company incurred approximately $0 for fees associated with financings during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an additional $0 and $27,000 fee, respectively, to be paid to MBTH as consideration for additional efforts provided by MBTH in connection with the Company’s financing and acquisition efforts. The Company recorded these fees in general and administrative expenses on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.

 

The balance outstanding to MBTH at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $943,000 and $998,000, respectively, and has been included in due to related parties on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

On November 29, 2016, the Company and MBTH entered into an acquisition services agreement (the ‘‘M&A Services Agreement’’) pursuant to which the Company engaged MBTH to provide services in connection with merger and acquisition searches, negotiating and structuring deal terms and other related services. The M&A Services Agreement incorporates by reference the terms of the Management Agreement, as well as the Company’s agreement with MBTH on January 12, 2013 to pay MBTH a 3% success fee (the ‘‘3% Success Fee’’) on any financing arranged for the Company, merger or consolidation of the Company or sale by the Company of substantially all of its assets. The M&A Services Agreement has the following additional terms:

 

(1) The Company will pay MBTH an acquisition fee equal to the greater of $250,000 or 8% of the total acquisition price (the ‘‘Acquisition Fee’’). Where possible, the Company will pay MBTH 50% of the Acquisition Fee at closing of a transaction, and in any case, not later than thirty (30) days following such closing, 25% of the Acquisition Fee three (3) months following such closing and 25% of the Acquisition Fee six (6) months following such closing.

 

(2) In addition to any other fees, the Company will pay MBTH a due diligence fee of $250,000 only on successfully closed transactions. This due diligence fee shall be paid to MBTH as warrants to purchase shares of common stock of the Company in an amount equal to $250,000 divided by the lower of the market price of the common stock on the day of closing of the transaction or the price of equity offered to finance such acquisition. The exercise price of such warrants will be $0.01.

 

(3) The Company and MBTH agreed to waive the 3% Success Fee in connection with the Company’s proposed acquisition of Vislink. The Company and MBTH also agreed to waive, on a case by case basis, the 3% Success Fee whenever any future Acquisition Fee is more than $1 million.

 

(4) In the event the Company engages an independent, external advisor to value an acquisition and the valuation is higher than the price negotiated by MBTH on behalf of the Company, then MBTH will receive an additional fee of 5% of such gain (the “Bargain Purchase Gain”).

 

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NOTE 9 — RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS (continued)

 

(5) MBTH has the option to convert up to 50% of its fees into shares of common stock of the Company, so long as the receivable remains outstanding. The conversion price will be the lower of 110% of the price of the common stock on the day of closing of a transaction or the price of equity securities offered in connection with any acquisition financing. If MBTH converts at least 25% of its fees, then the Company agrees to register all shares of common stock of the Company held by MBTH.

 

(6) If MBTH’s services assist the Company in achieving forward sales of at least $50 million via acquisitions, then the Company agrees to offer MBTH a three (3) year option to acquire up to 25% of the Company’s shares of common stock outstanding after such issuance (the “Block Purchase Option”). The price per share of common stock will be 125% of the price of the Company’s common stock on the day the option is exercised.

 

On February 16, 2017, the Board of Directors amended the terms of the Block Purchase Option in the M&A Services Agreement to allow MBTH the option to acquire 25% of the fully diluted outstanding shares of common stock and warrants of the Company at a price of $2.10 per share and for a five-year term. There has been no impact on the results from operations since the certainty of the performance condition is not known.

 

The M&A Services Agreement is effective as of November 1, 2016 and will automatically renew annually, unless earlier terminated by the Company or MBTH upon thirty (30) days’ written notice.

 

The Company accrued $1,480,000 in acquisition fees during the three months ended March 31, 2017 in connection with the acquisition of Vislink as per the M&A Services Agreement. The $1,480,000 in acquisition fees represents 8% of the acquisition price. The Company recorded these fees in general and administrative expenses on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations and included such fees in due to related parties on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company did not incur any fees pursuant to the M&A Services Agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded $265,000 as the Fair Market Value (“FMV”) of the warrant paid to MBTH in connection with the closing of the Vislink acquisition as per the M&A Services Agreement. The Company recorded these fees in general and administrative expenses on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations. The Company did not incur any fees pursuant to the M&A Services Agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

From January 1, 2018 to March 31, 2018, the Company issued 6,411 shares of common stock to MBTH in settlement of amounts due of $10,000, which was the approximate grant date fair value of the shares.

 

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NOTE 10 — CONCENTRATIONS

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded sales to one customer of $1,023,000 (11%) in excess of 10% of the Company’s total consolidated sales.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company did not record revenue from individual sales or services rendered in excess of 10% of the Company’s total consolidated sales.

 

At March 31, 2018, approximately 21% of net accounts receivable was due from two customers broken down individually as follows: $705,000 (11%) and $663,000 (10%).

 

At March 31, 2017, the Company did not have accounts receivable of over 10% from any one customer.

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, approximately 27% of the Company’s inventory purchases were derived from two vendors broken down individually as follows: $695,000 (15%) and $584,000 (12%).

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company did not incur inventory purchases over 10% from any one vendor.

 

NOTE 11 – GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

 

The Company has one operating segment and the decision-making group is the senior executive management team.

 

   Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 2018   March 31, 2017 
Revenue:          
North America  $3,272,000   $1,864,000 
South America   309,000    659,000 
Europe   4,290,000    3,902,000 
Asia   1,392,000    1,005,000 
Rest of World   470,000    1,905,000 
   $9,733,000   $9,335,000 

 

   Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 2018   March 31, 2017 
Long-Lived Assets:          
United States  $4,005,000   $4,316,000 
United Kingdom   5,238,000    8,924,000 
   $9,243,000   $13,240,000 

 

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NOTE 12 — SUBSEQUENT EVENTS  

 

Other Common Stock Issuances

 

From April 1, 2018 to May 15, 2018, the Company issued a total of 1,116,998 shares of common stock having a fair value to employees, directors, consultants and general counsel in lieu of paying approximately $1,126,000 worth of services.

 

From April 1, 2018 to May 15, 2018, the Company issued a total of 72,176 shares of common stock to MBTH in settlement of amounts due of $70,000, which was the grant date fair value of such shares.

 

 24 

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward Looking Statements

 

The information contained in Item 2 contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Actual results may materially differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties set forth in this report. Although management believes that the assumptions made and expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, there is no assurance that the underlying assumptions will, in fact, prove to be correct or that actual results will not be different from expectations expressed in this report.

 

This filing contains a number of forward-looking statements which reflect management’s current views and expectations with respect to our business, strategies, products, future results and events, and financial performance. All statements made in this filing other than statements of historical fact, including statements addressing operating performance, events, or developments which management expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future, and also including statements related to distributor channels, volume growth, revenues, profitability, new products, adequacy of funds from operations, statements expressing general optimism about future operating results, and non-historical information, are forward looking statements. In particular, the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “may,” variations of such words, and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements, but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements, and their absence does not mean that the statement is not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties, including those discussed below. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from historical results as well as those expressed in, anticipated, or implied by these forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to revise these forward-looking statements to reflect any future events or circumstances.

 

Readers should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which are based on management’s current expectations and projections about future events, are not guarantees of future performance, are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions (including those described below), and apply only as of the date of this filing. Our actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from the results expressed in, or implied by, these forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

The overarching strategy of xG Technology, Inc. (“xG” or the “Company”) is to design, develop and deliver advanced wireless communications solutions that provide customers in its target markets with enhanced levels of reliability, mobility, performance and efficiency in their business operations and missions. xG’s business lines include the brands of Integrated Microwave Technologies LLC (“IMT”), Vislink Communication Systems (“Vislink” or “VCS”), and xMax. There is considerable brand interaction, owing to complementary market focus, compatible product and technology development roadmaps, and solution integration opportunities. In addition to these brands, xG has a dedicated Federal Sector Group focused on providing next-generation spectrum sharing solutions to national defense, scientific research and other federal organizations.

 

IMT:

 

The IMT business develops, manufactures and sells microwave communications equipment utilizing COFDM (Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) technology. COFDM is a transmission technique that combines encoding technology with OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) modulation to provide the low latency and high image clarity required for real-time live broadcasting video transmissions. IMT has extensive experience in ultra-compact COFDM wireless technology, and this has allowed IMT to develop integrated solutions that deliver reliable video footage captured from both aerial and ground-based sources to fixed and mobile receiver locations.

 

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Vislink:

 

On February 2, 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets and liabilities related to the hardware segment of Vislink International Limited, an England and Wales registered limited company (the ‘‘UK Seller’’), and Vislink Inc., a Delaware corporation (the ‘‘US Seller’’, and together with the UK Seller, the ‘‘Sellers’’), pursuant to a Business Purchase Agreement, dated December 16, 2016, as amended on January 13, 2017, by and among the Company, the Sellers and Vislink PLC, an England and Wales registered limited company, as guarantor. The Company refers to the hardware segment acquired as Vislink Communications Systems (“Vislink” or ‘‘VCS’’). VCS specializes in the wireless capture, delivery and management of secure, high-quality, live video from the field to the point of usage. VCS designs and manufactures products encompassing microwave radio components, satellite communication, cellular and wireless camera systems, and associated amplifier items. VCS serves two core markets: broadcast and media and law enforcement, public safety and surveillance. In the broadcast and media market, VCS provides broadcast communication links for the collection of live news and sports and entertainment events. VCS’ customers in the broadcast and media market include national broadcasters, multi-channel broadcasters, network owners and station groups, sports and live broadcasters and hosted service providers. In the law enforcement, public safety and surveillance market, VCS provides secure video communications and mission-critical solutions for law enforcement, defense and homeland security applications. VCS’ customers in the law enforcement, public safety and surveillance market include metropolitan, regional and national law enforcement agencies as well as domestic and international defense agencies and organizations.

 

Plan of Operations

 

We are executing on our sales and marketing strategy, through both direct sales to end-customers and indirect sales to channel network partners, and we have entered into a number of equipment purchase, reseller and teaming agreements as a result. These customer engagements span our target markets in rural telecommunications and defense.

 

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Results of Operations

 

Comparison for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Revenues

 

Revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $9.7 million compared to $9.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing an increase of $0.4 million or 4%. The increase can be attributed to recording revenues from the acquisition of Vislink for the full three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to only two months during the first quarter of 2017.

 

Cost of Revenue and Operating Expenses

 

Cost of Components and Personnel

Cost of components and personnel for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $4.8 million compared to $5.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing a decrease of $0.8 million or 14%. The decrease can be attributed to higher margins and the inclusion of the fair value assessed by the third-party appraisals (“Inventory Step-Up”) associated with the acquisition of IMT was included in cost of components for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The Inventory Step-Up associated with the acquisition of Vislink did not occur until the second quarter of 2017. The assigned fair value associated with our business acquisitions have been amortized and included in cost of components and personnel in the amounts of $0.0 million and $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

We anticipate an increase in revenue and the related costs in 2018 due to Vislink’s revenue and related costs being included for a full year. We also anticipate higher gross margins in 2018 since the Inventory Step-Ups are fully amortized.

 

Inventory Valuation Adjustments

Inventory valuation adjustments consist primarily of items that are written off due to obsolescence or written down to their net realizable value. Inventory valuation adjustments amounted to $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses are the expenses of operating the business on a daily basis and include salary and benefit expenses including stock-based compensation and payroll taxes, as well as the costs of trade shows, marketing programs, promotional materials, professional services, facilities, general liability insurance, and travel.

 

General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $5.8 million compared to $6.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing a decrease of $0.7 million or 11%.

 

The decrease of $0.7 million is primarily due to the inclusion of a one-time fee of $1.5 million to MBTH related to its role in the Vislink acquisition for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The decrease was partially offset by increases of $0.3 million of salary and related benefits and $0.1 million in rent expense due to including three months of general and administrative expenses for Vislink in 2018 compared to two months in 2017. We also had an increase of $0.3 million of stock based compensation associated with the expensing of stock options granted.

 

We expect general and administrative costs to decrease going forward due to the cost cutting initiatives we have enacted during the second quarter of 2018.

 

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Research and Development Expenses

 

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salary and benefit expenses including stock-based compensation and payroll taxes, as well as costs for prototypes, facilities and travel.

 

Research and development expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $2.4 million compared to $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing an increase of $0.5 million or 26%.

 

The increase of $0.5 million is primarily due to $0.3 million of stock based compensation associated with the expensing of stock options granted and $0.2 million in research related product development costs.

 

We expect research and development costs to decrease going forward due to the cost cutting initiatives we have enacted during the second quarter of 2018.

 

Amortization and Depreciation

Amortization and depreciation expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $0.9 million compared to $1.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, representing a decrease of $0.1 million or 10%. The decrease is due to less depreciation recorded on our fixed assets in the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

Other

 

The changes in fair value of derivative liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 were $0.6 million compared to ($0.2) million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. This is due to the changes in our stock price subsequent to the warrant issuances resulting in an unrealized gain in the fair value of the derivative liabilities.

 

The gain on bargain purchase was $0.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $11.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The gain on bargain purchase of $11.8 million is due to the Company acquisition of Vislink on February 2, 2017. The excess of the aggregate fair value of the net tangible assets and identified intangible assets over the consideration paid has been treated as a gain on bargain purchase in accordance with ASC 805.

 

Vislink Bargain Purchase

 

The Company utilized the services of an independent appraisal company to assist it in assessing the fair value of the Vislink assets and liabilities acquired. This assessment included an evaluation of the fair value of inventory, fixed assets and the fair value of the intangible assets acquired based upon the expected cash flows from the assets acquired. Additionally, the Company incorporated the carrying value of the remaining working capital, as Vislink’s management represented that the carrying value of these assets and liabilities served as a reasonable proxy for fair value. The valuation process included discussion with management regarding the history and business operations of Vislink, a study of the economic and industry conditions in which Vislink competes and an analysis of the historical and projected financial statements and other records and documents.

 

When it became apparent there was a potential for a bargain purchase gain, management reviewed the Vislink assets and liabilities acquired and the assumptions utilized in estimating their fair values. The Company determined that provisional amounts, previously recognized, required adjustments to reflect new information obtained. According to ASC 805-10-25-15, the Company has a period of time, referred to as the measurement period, to finalize the accounting for a business combination. Upon additional review of identifying and valuing all assets and liabilities of the business, the Company concluded that recording a bargain purchase gain with respect to Vislink was appropriate and required under GAAP.

 

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The Company then undertook a review to determine what factors might contribute to a reasonable conclusion of recognizing the recording of a bargain purchase. Factors that contributed to the conclusion to recognize a bargain purchase price were:

 

·The Vislink acquisition was completed with motivated Sellers who had a public strategy to concentrate on growing their software business as opposed to their technology and hardware businesses. As a strategic decision, the Sellers intended to sell off the assets of the hardware business.

 

·The announcement of the U.K. leaving the European Union led to a decline in the pound, which led to pressure by Vislink’s creditors to raise funds. The owners of Vislink were motivated to complete a transaction in order to use the proceeds to reduce the line of credit they owed to the bank.

 

·The industry in 2015 and 2016 experienced a downturn as decreased spending combined with economic uncertainty caused corporations to delay wireless and broadcast infrastructure upgrades. The Sellers believed these trends would continue. According to IBISWorld, industry revenue is expected to fall at an annualized rate of 0.6% over the next five years reflecting further deterioration in the industry. As a result, the Sellers decided to sell the business.

 

·Prior to the U.K. leaving the European Union, Vislink was under contract to be sold for a much higher price. The Company took advantage of the economic and industry downturn to negotiate a favorable price which was less than the value of the assets acquired for a total purchase consideration of $16 million.

 

Based upon these factors, the Company concluded that the occurrence of a bargain purchase was reasonable.

 

The gain on debt extinguishment was $0.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to $2.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The gain on debt extinguishment of $2.9 million is due to the Company’s agreement with the Sellers of Vislink on March 17, 2017, pursuant to which the Company paid $2 million in cash to the Sellers and the Sellers extinguished the remaining $2.9 million of principal owed in connection with the Company’s acquisition of Vislink.

 

Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $0.05 million, compared to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The decrease was due to the recording of interest on Series D Convertible Preferred Stock in the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

Net (Loss) Income

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company had a net loss of $3.8 million, as compared to a net income of $8.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, or a decrease of $12.1 million. The increase in net loss is due mainly to the recording of a gain on bargain purchase associated with the acquisition of Vislink that closed on February 2, 2017 in the three months ended March 31, 2017.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of March 31, 2018, the Company has working capital of approximately $5.6 million including $0.5 million of cash and cash equivalents. We have incurred net loss of $3.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table sets forth the major components of our statements of cash flows data for the periods presented.

 

For the Three Month Period Ended

(In Thousands)

 

   March 31,
2018
   March 31,
2017
 
Net cash used in operating activities  $(2,352)  $(119)
Net cash used in investing activities   (30)   (6,816)
Net cash used in financing activities   (11)   2,616 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash   49    (17)
Net decrease in cash  $(2,344)  $(4,336)

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018, totaled $2.4 million as compared to $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Of the $2.4 million used in the three months ended March 31, 2018, approximately $1.8 million was related to a decrease in accounts receivable; $1.2 million was related to an increase in Inventory; $0.8 million was related to a decrease in accounts payable; $0.3 million was related to an increase in accrued expenses and interest expense; and $0.3 million was related to the increase in deferred revenue and customer deposits.

 

Of the $0.1 million used in the three months ended March 31, 2017, $3.2 million was related to the increase in accounts receivable, $2.4 million was related to the increase in accounts payable, $2.9 million was related to the increase in accrued expenses and interest expense and the remaining balance consisted principally of the net loss from operations.

 

These changes were offset by approximately $11.8 million from a non-cash item related to the gain on bargain purchase and a $2.9 million non-cash item related to the extinguishment of debt.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $0.03 million as compared to $6.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company paid $6.5 million in cash consideration in connection with the acquisition of Vislink.

 

Financing Activities

 

Our net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $0.01 million as compared to cash provided by financing activities of $2.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, there were net proceeds from the issuance of common stock in February 2017 totaling $3.0 million and $1.6 million from the exercise of warrants. This amount was offset by the Company’s repayment of $2.0 million in principal amount of notes issued to Vislink.

 

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Cost Reductions

 

The Company implemented a cost reduction plan in April 2018 that is expected to result in approximately $5 million in annual savings. Initial savings were realized through immediate cost reductions affecting the xMax division by eliminating certain personnel and associated benefits and reduction in facilities and other expenses.

 

Going Concern and Liquidity

 

Under Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40) (“ASC 205-40”), the Company has the responsibility to evaluate whether conditions and/or events raise substantial doubt about its ability to meet its future financial obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. As required by ASC 205-40, this evaluation shall initially not take into consideration the potential mitigating effects of plans that have not been fully implemented as of the date the financial statements are issued.  Management has assessed the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern in accordance with the requirement of ASC 205-40.

 

As reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company had working capital and an accumulated deficit of $5.6 million and $223.6 million, respectively, at March 31, 2018. In addition, the Company had a loss from operations of approximately $4.3 million and cash used in operating activities of $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared assuming the Company can continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations through realization of assets, and the settling of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company implemented a cost reduction plan in April 2018 that is expected to result in approximately $5 million in annual savings, although no assurance can be provided that the Company will meet that target. Initial savings were realized through immediate cost reductions affecting the xMax division by eliminating certain personnel costs and associated benefits and reduction in facilities and other expenses. While implementing these cost reduction initiatives is management’s primary focus, the Company also believes it has the ability to raise additional working capital through equity or debt offerings; however no assurance can be provided that the Company will be successful in such capital raising efforts. As a result of such cost reduction efforts and the Company’s existing working capital, management believes that the Company has sufficient working capital to continue as a going concern for a period of at least twelve months from the date these financial statements have been issued.

 

The ability to recognize revenue and ultimately cash receipts is contingent upon, but not limited to, acceptable performance of the delivered equipment and services. If the Company is unable to close on some of its revenue producing opportunities in the near term, the carrying value of its assets may be materially impacted.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not currently have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our stockholders.

 

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that material information required to be disclosed in our periodic reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on the foregoing evaluation, our management concluded that, as of March 31, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer), does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include, but are not limited to, the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

 

In our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, we identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting as a result of not properly performing an effective risk assessment or monitoring of our internal controls over financial reporting. With the acquisitions of IMT and Vislink, there are risks related to the timing and accuracy of the integration of information from various accounting and Material Requirement Planning (“MRP”) systems whereby the Company has experienced delays in receiving information in a timely manner from its subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2018, we concluded that certain of these material weaknesses continued to exist.

 

The Company expects improvements to be made on the integration of information issues in 2018 as we plan to move towards one accounting and MRP system. The Company is continuing to further remediate the material weakness identified above as its resources permit. 

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, there have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting except as disclosed above.

 

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PART II: OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time, we are a party to litigation and subject to claims incident to the ordinary course of business. Future litigation may be necessary to defend ourselves and our customers by determining the scope, enforceability and validity of third party proprietary rights or to establish our proprietary rights.

 

As of March 31, 2018, we do not have any material litigation matters pending.

 

Item 1A.   Risk Factors.

 

As a smaller reporting company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None

 

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.  Other Information.

 

There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our Board of Directors.

 

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.  
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.  
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.  
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.  
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

In accordance with SEC Release 33-8238, Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and not filed.

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  xG TECHNOLOGY, INC.
     
Date: May 15, 2018 By: /s/ Gary Cuccio
    Gary Cuccio
    Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Executive Officer)
     
Date: May 15, 2018 By: /s/ Roger Branton
    Roger G. Branton
    Chief Financial Officer
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit
Number
  Description
31.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
31.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.1   Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
32.2   Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

In accordance with SEC Release 33-8238, Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are being furnished and not filed.

 

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