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EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 - VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY INCexhibit32-2.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 - VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY INCexhibit32-1.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A) OR 15D-14(A) - VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY INCexhibit31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A) OR 15D-14(A) - VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY INCexhibit31-1.htm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended           March 31, 2018

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______

Commission File Number 1-7416

VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
38-1686453
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
     
63 Lancaster Avenue
Malvern, PA  19355-2143
 
610-644-1300
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Registrant's Area Code and Telephone Number)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ý Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files.
ýYes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 
Large accelerated filer ý
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
 
Emerging growth company
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes  ý No

As of May 4, 2018, the registrant had 132,117,715 shares of its common stock and 12,097,427 shares of its Class B common stock outstanding.













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2


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
FORM 10-Q
March 31, 2018
CONTENTS

       
Page Number
   
         
     
         
     
         
     
         
     
         
     
         
     
         
     
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
   
         
     
3

 
PART I  - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
(Unaudited - In thousands)

   
March 31, 2018
   
December 31, 2017
 
         
(recast - see Note 1)
 
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
839,591
   
$
748,032
 
Short-term investments
   
501,221
     
547,136
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
376,537
     
340,027
 
Inventories:
               
Finished goods
   
132,996
     
127,272
 
Work in process
   
184,613
     
170,319
 
Raw materials
   
143,039
     
132,068
 
Total inventories
   
460,648
     
429,659
 
                 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
   
116,948
     
130,336
 
Total current assets
   
2,294,945
     
2,195,190
 
                 
Property and equipment, at cost:
               
Land
   
92,929
     
92,285
 
Buildings and improvements
   
617,071
     
606,168
 
Machinery and equipment
   
2,461,857
     
2,415,769
 
Construction in progress
   
94,027
     
103,058
 
Allowance for depreciation
   
(2,358,549
)
   
(2,311,522
)
Property and equipment, net
   
907,335
     
905,758
 
                 
Goodwill
   
147,047
     
142,742
 
                 
Other intangible assets, net
   
73,072
     
69,754
 
                 
Other assets
   
148,111
     
148,645
 
Total assets
 
$
3,570,510
   
$
3,462,089
 

Continues on following page.
4


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets (continued)
(Unaudited - In thousands)

   
March 31, 2018
   
December 31, 2017
 
         
(recast - see Note 1)
 
Liabilities and equity
           
Current liabilities:
           
Notes payable to banks
 
$
56
   
$
4
 
Trade accounts payable
   
191,935
     
222,373
 
Payroll and related expenses
   
136,386
     
135,702
 
Other accrued expenses
   
161,990
     
154,230
 
Income taxes
   
38,676
     
50,226
 
Total current liabilities
   
529,043
     
562,535
 
                 
Long-term debt less current portion
   
406,385
     
370,470
 
U.S. transition tax payable
   
165,600
     
151,200
 
Deferred income taxes
   
342,207
     
336,465
 
Other liabilities
   
77,425
     
75,249
 
Accrued pension and other postretirement costs
   
283,754
     
281,701
 
Total liabilities
   
1,804,414
     
1,777,620
 
                 
Redeemable convertible debentures
   
250,990
     
252,070
 
                 
Stockholders' equity:
               
Vishay stockholders' equity
               
Common stock
   
13,212
     
13,188
 
Class B convertible common stock
   
1,210
     
1,213
 
Capital in excess of par value
   
1,753,762
     
1,752,506
 
(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings
   
(307,833
)
   
(362,254
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
   
52,544
     
25,714
 
Total Vishay stockholders' equity
   
1,512,895
     
1,430,367
 
Noncontrolling interests
   
2,211
     
2,032
 
Total equity
   
1,515,106
     
1,432,399
 
Total liabilities, temporary equity, and equity
 
$
3,570,510
   
$
3,462,089
 

See accompanying notes.
5


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations
(Unaudited - In thousands, except per share amounts)

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017
 
         
(recast - see Note 1)
 
             
Net revenues
 
$
716,795
   
$
604,801
 
Costs of products sold
   
511,495
     
443,052
 
Gross profit
   
205,300
     
161,749
 
                 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
   
101,238
     
92,702
 
Restructuring and severance costs
   
-
     
1,469
 
Operating income
   
104,062
     
67,578
 
                 
Other income (expense):
               
Interest expense
   
(7,677
)
   
(6,790
)
Other components of net periodic pension cost
   
(3,519
)
   
(2,890
)
Other
   
(847
)
   
(396
)
Loss on disposal of equity affiliate
   
-
     
(7,060
)
Total other income (expense)
   
(12,043
)
   
(17,136
)
                 
Income before taxes
   
92,019
     
50,442
 
                 
Income tax expense
   
29,474
     
13,493
 
                 
Net earnings
   
62,545
     
36,949
 
                 
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
179
     
230
 
                 
Net earnings attributable to Vishay stockholders
 
$
62,366
   
$
36,719
 
                 
Basic earnings per share attributable to Vishay stockholders
 
$
0.43
   
$
0.25
 
                 
Diluted earnings per share attributable to Vishay stockholders
 
$
0.39
   
$
0.24
 
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
   
144,327
     
146,274
 
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
   
159,502
     
154,876
 
                 
Cash dividends per share
 
$
0.0675
   
$
0.0625
 

See accompanying notes.
6


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited - In thousands)

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017
 
             
Net earnings
 
$
62,545
   
$
36,949
 
                 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
               
                 
Pension and other  post-retirement actuarial items
   
1,607
     
2,335
 
                 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
   
27,024
     
17,293
 
                 
Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities
   
-
     
271
 
                 
Other comprehensive income
   
28,631
     
19,899
 
                 
Comprehensive income
   
91,176
     
56,848
 
                 
Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
179
     
230
 
                 
Comprehensive income attributable to Vishay stockholders
 
$
90,997
   
$
56,618
 

See accompanying notes.
7


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited - In thousands)

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017
 
             
Operating activities
           
Net earnings
 
$
62,545
   
$
36,949
 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
40,558
     
40,212
 
(Gain) loss on disposal of property and equipment
   
(176
)
   
60
 
Accretion of interest on convertible debentures
   
1,309
     
1,211
 
Inventory write-offs for obsolescence
   
5,457
     
4,834
 
Loss on disposal of equity affiliate
   
-
     
7,060
 
Deferred income taxes
   
7,014
     
4,307
 
Other
   
2,908
     
2,026
 
Net change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of businesses acquired
   
(72,756
)
   
(52,985
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
46,859
     
43,674
 
                 
Investing activities
               
Capital expenditures
   
(28,273
)
   
(16,668
)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment
   
184
     
943
 
Purchase of businesses, net of cash received
   
(12,072
)
   
-
 
Purchase of short-term investments
   
(39,243
)
   
(151,886
)
Maturity of short-term investments
   
93,194
     
147,530
 
Other investing activities
   
(935
)
   
(5,971
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
12,855
     
(26,052
)
                 
Financing activities
               
Net proceeds (payments) on revolving credit lines
   
34,000
     
20,000
 
Net changes in short-term borrowings
   
52
     
8
 
Dividends paid to common stockholders
   
(8,918
)
   
(8,378
)
Dividends paid to Class B common stockholders
   
(817
)
   
(758
)
Cash withholding taxes paid when shares withheld for vested equity awards
   
(2,297
)
   
(1,971
)
Other financing activities
   
-
     
(1,255
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
22,020
     
7,646
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
9,825
     
2,337
 
                 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
91,559
     
27,605
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
748,032
     
471,781
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
839,591
   
$
499,386
 

See accompanying notes.
8


VISHAY INTERTECHNOLOGY, INC.
Consolidated Condensed Statement of Equity
(Unaudited - In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
 
 
Common Stock
   
Class B Convertible Common Stock
   
Capital in Excess of Par Value
   
Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)
   
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
   
Total Vishay Stockholders' Equity
   
Noncontrolling Interests
   
Total Equity
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
13,546
   
$
1,213
   
$
2,058,492
   
$
(319,448
)
 
$
(131,327
)
 
$
1,622,476
   
$
5,567
   
$
1,628,043
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change for adoption of ASU 2014-09 (see Notes 1 and 2)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
2,210
     
-
     
2,210
     
-
     
2,210
 
Net earnings
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
48,792
     
-
     
48,792
     
581
     
49,373
 
Other comprehensive income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
36,675
     
36,675
     
-
     
36,675
 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(707
)
   
(707
)
Common stock repurchase (1,752,454 shares)
   
(175
)
   
-
     
(22,984
)
   
-
     
-
     
(23,159
)
   
-
     
(23,159
)
Temporary equity reclassification
   
-
     
-
     
(88,659
)
   
-
     
-
     
(88,659
)
   
-
     
(88,659
)
Issuance of stock and related tax withholdings for vested restricted stock units  (110,825 shares)
   
11
     
-
     
(553
)
   
-
     
-
     
(542
)
   
-
     
(542
)
Dividends declared ($0.2500 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
36
     
(36,761
)
   
-
     
(36,725
)
   
-
     
(36,725
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
6,380
     
-
     
-
     
6,380
     
-
     
6,380
 
Stock options exercised (27,619 shares)
   
3
     
-
     
353
     
-
     
-
     
356
     
-
     
356
 
Tax effects of stock plan
   
-
     
-
     
(77
)
   
-
     
-
     
(77
)
   
-
     
(77
)
Balance at December 31, 2016 (recast - see Note 1)
 
$
13,385
   
$
1,213
   
$
1,952,988
   
$
(305,207
)
 
$
(94,652
)
 
$
1,567,727
   
$
5,441
   
$
1,573,168
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change for adoption of ASU 2016-09
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
386
     
-
     
386
     
-
     
386
 
Net earnings (loss)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(20,344
)
   
-
     
(20,344
)
   
784
     
(19,560
)
Other comprehensive income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
120,366
     
120,366
     
-
     
120,366
 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(1,140
)
   
(1,140
)
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests
   
-
     
-
     
(1,047
)
   
-
     
-
     
(1,047
)
   
(3,053
)
   
(4,100
)
Common stock repurchase (2,250,236 shares)
   
(225
)
   
-
     
(39,719
)
   
-
     
-
     
(39,944
)
   
-
     
(39,944
)
Temporary equity reclassification
   
-
     
-
     
(163,411
)
   
-
     
-
     
(163,411
)
   
-
     
(163,411
)
Issuance of stock and related tax withholdings for vested restricted stock units (200,688 shares)
   
20
     
-
     
(1,991
)
   
-
     
-
     
(1,971
)
   
-
     
(1,971
)
Dividends declared ($0.2550 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
40
     
(37,089
)
   
-
     
(37,049
)
   
-
     
(37,049
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
4,394
     
-
     
-
     
4,394
     
-
     
4,394
 
Stock options exercised (77,334 shares)
   
8
     
-
     
1,252
     
-
     
-
     
1,260
     
-
     
1,260
 
Balance at December 31, 2017 (recast - see Note 1)
 
$
13,188
   
$
1,213
   
$
1,752,506
   
$
(362,254
)
 
$
25,714
   
$
1,430,367
   
$
2,032
   
$
1,432,399
 
Cumulative effect of accounting change for adoption of ASU 2016-01 (see Notes 1 and 6)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
1,801
     
(1,801
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Net earnings
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
62,366
     
-
     
62,366
     
179
     
62,545
 
Other comprehensive income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
28,631
     
28,631
     
-
     
28,631
 
Conversion of Class B shares (31,800 shares)
   
3
     
(3
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Temporary equity reclassification
   
-
     
-
     
1,080
     
-
     
-
     
1,080
     
-
     
1,080
 
Issuance of stock and related tax withholdings for vested restricted stock units (211,328 shares)
   
21
     
-
     
(2,318
)
   
-
     
-
     
(2,297
)
   
-
     
(2,297
)
Dividends declared ($0.0675 per share)
   
-
     
-
     
11
     
(9,746
)
   
-
     
(9,735
)
   
-
     
(9,735
)
Stock compensation expense
   
-
     
-
     
2,483
     
-
     
-
     
2,483
     
-
     
2,483
 
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
13,212
   
$
1,210
   
$
1,753,762
   
$
(307,833
)
 
$
52,544
   
$
1,512,895
   
$
2,211
   
$
1,515,106
 

See accompanying notes.
9

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Note 1 – Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements of Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. ("Vishay" or the "Company") have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and therefore do not include all information and footnotes necessary for presentation of financial position, results of operations, and cash flows required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") for complete financial statements. The information furnished reflects all normal recurring adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair summary of the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods presented.  The financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements filed with the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.  The results of operations for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

The Company reports interim financial information for 13-week periods beginning on a Sunday and ending on a Saturday, except for the first fiscal quarter, which always begins on January 1, and the fourth fiscal quarter, which always ends on December 31.  The four fiscal quarters in 2018 end on March 31, 2018, June 30, 2018, September 29, 2018, and December 31, 2018, respectively.  The four fiscal quarters in 2017 ended on April 1, 2017, July 1, 2017, September 30, 2017, and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606).  The ASU is the result of a convergence project between the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard for GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards.  The ASU removes inconsistencies and weaknesses in revenue requirements; provides a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues; improves comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions, and capital markets; provides more useful information to users of financial statements through expanded disclosure requirements; and simplifies the preparation of financial statements by reducing the number of requirements to which an entity must refer.  The Company retrospectively adopted the ASU on January 1, 2018.  The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's results of operations.  See Note 2 and "Changes in Accounting Policies" below.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities.  The ASU enhances the reporting model for financial instruments by addressing certain aspects, including requiring equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income; simplifying the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values; eliminating the requirement to disclose the method and significant assumptions used to estimate the disclosed fair value of financial instruments measured at amortized cost; and requiring the use of the exit price notion for fair value measurements of financial instruments for disclosure purposes.  The Company adopted the ASU on January 1, 2018.  The Company recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment to January 1, 2018 retained earnings (accumulated deficit) of $1,801 for the cumulative change in fair value of available-for-sale equity investments previously recognized in other comprehensive income.  The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's results of operations.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost.  The ASU amends the income statement presentation requirements of net periodic benefit cost of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans.  The Company retrospectively adopted the ASU on January 1, 2018.  The adoption of the ASU did not have a material impact on the Company's results of operations.  See "Changes in Accounting Policies" below.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842).  The ASU is the result of a project between the FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements.  Upon adoption of the ASU, the Company will recognize lease assets and liabilities for its operating leases which are not currently reported on its consolidated balance sheets.  The ASU is effective for the Company for interim and annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019, with the ability to early adopt.  The Company is currently evaluating the effect of the ASU on its lease contracts.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.  The ASU replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates.  The ASU is effective for the Company for interim and annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2020, with the ability to early adopt for interim and annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019.  The Company is currently evaluating the effect of the ASU on its financial assets measured at amortized cost.
10

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Changes in Accounting Policies

Except for the changes described in "Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance" above and in this section below, the Company has consistently applied the accounting policies described in its Note 1 to its audited consolidated financial statement included in its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, to all periods presented in these consolidated condensed financial statements.

Revenue Recognition

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 as of January 1, 2018 using the full retrospective method.  As a result, the Company has changed its accounting policy for revenue recognition. The details of significant changes and quantitative impact of the changes are disclosed below.

Service-type warranty performance obligations
 
ASU 2014-09 introduces the concept of service-type warranties, which represent separate performance obligations.  Upon adoption of ASU No. 2014-09, the Company considers its warranty obligations as service-type warranties and allocates a portion of the estimated consideration to be received from the related contract to the service-type warranty performance obligation and recognizes the related revenue over the warranty period.  The impact of accounting for service-type warranties as separate performance obligations was not significant in the retrospective adoption period and is included in the tables below.  See further discussion of the warranty obligations in Note 2.
 
Custom products
 
The Company previously recognized revenue when the sales process was completed, which generally occurred when the product was delivered and risk of loss was transferred to the customer.  Upon adoption of ASU 2014-09, the Company analyzes its contractual arrangements to determine whether the promise in the contract to construct and transfer goods to the customer is a performance obligation that will be satisfied over time or at a point in time.  When the Company's performance does not create an asset with an alternative use to the Company and the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date, the Company transfers control of a good or service over time and, therefore, satisfies a performance obligation and recognizes revenue over time.  The Company has a limited number of contracts for custom products that meet the criteria to recognize revenue over time.  The dollar amount of these custom products did not materially change during the retrospective adoption period.  The Company recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment of $2,210 to January 1, 2016 retained earnings (accumulated deficit) and recorded adjustments to its consolidated balance sheets due to the impact of recognizing revenue for certain custom products over time rather than at a point in time. 

ASU 2014-09 provides several transition practical expedients.  The Company has not restated completed contracts that begin and end in the same annual reporting period; used the transaction price at the date the contract was completed rather than estimating variable consideration amounts in the comparative reporting periods; has not disclosed the amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations and an explanation of when the Company expects to recognize the amount as revenue for the reporting periods presented prior to January 1, 2016; and has not retrospectively restated the contract for modifications made prior to January 1, 2016 and instead reflected the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying the satisfied and unsatisfied performance obligations, determining the transaction price and allocating the transaction price pursuant to the transition practical expedients available.

Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits

The Company retrospectively adopted ASU 2017-07 as of January 1, 2018.  As a result, the Company has changed its accounting policy for pension and other postretirement benefits costs as detailed below.

ASU 2017-07 amends the income statement presentation requirements of net periodic benefit cost of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans.  The service cost component of net periodic pension cost is recorded in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period, and other components of net periodic pension cost are included on a separate line within other income (expense).  The Company reclassified net benefit costs other than the current service component previously reported as cost of goods sold and selling, general, and administrative expenses to other expenses for each quarter in the retrospective adoption period in the table below.  The Company also reclassified the $79,321 U.S. pension settlement charges recorded for the year ended December 31, 2016 to other expenses.  See the impact of this change in the tables below.
11

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
The retrospective adoption of ASUs 2014-09 and 2017-07 did not impact net earnings (loss) attributed to Vishay stockholders.  See the combined impact of the retrospective adoption in the tables below:

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
April 1, 2017
   
July 1, 2017
   
September 30, 2017
   
December 31, 2017
 
   
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
   
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
   
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
   
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
 
                                                                         
Net revenues
 $
606,258
   
$
(1,457
)
 
$
604,801
   
$
644,892
   
$
(1,728
)
 
$
643,164
   
$
677,883
   
$
58
   
$
677,941
   
$
674,489
     $
(1,027
)
   $
673,462
 
Costs of products sold
 
445,383
     
(2,331
)
   
443,052
     
471,929
     
(2,602
)
   
469,327
     
488,610
     
(816
)
   
487,794
     
497,988
     
(1,902
)
   
496,086
 
Gross profit
 
160,875
     
874
     
161,749
     
172,963
     
874
     
173,837
     
189,273
     
874
     
190,147
     
176,501
     
875
     
177,376
 
Operating income
 
64,688
     
2,890
     
67,578
     
82,036
     
2,969
     
85,005
     
92,328
     
3,088
     
95,416
     
72,536
     
3,470
     
76,006
 
Total other income (expense)
 
(14,246
)
   
(2,890
)
   
(17,136
)
   
(6,327
)
   
(2,969
)
   
(9,296
)
   
(6,140
)
   
(3,088
)
   
(9,228
)
   
(5,511
)
   
(3,470
)
   
(8,981
)
Income before taxes
 
50,442
     
-
     
50,442
     
75,709
     
-
     
75,709
     
86,188
     
-
     
86,188
     
67,025
     
-
     
67,025
 
Income tax expense
 
13,493
     
-
     
13,493
     
19,300
     
-
     
19,300
     
21,605
     
-
     
21,605
     
244,526
     
-
     
244,526
 
Net earnings (loss)
 
36,949
     
-
     
36,949
     
56,409
     
-
     
56,409
     
64,583
     
-
     
64,583
     
(177,501
)
   
-
     
(177,501
)
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
230
     
-
     
230
     
219
     
-
     
219
     
179
     
-
     
179
     
156
     
-
     
156
 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Vishay stockholders
 $
36,719
   
$
-
   
$
36,719
   
$
56,190
   
$
-
   
$
56,190
   
$
64,404
   
$
-
   
$
64,404
   
$
(177,657
)
   $
-
     $
(177,657
)

 
 
Years ended
 
 
  December 31, 2016    
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
   
As Reported
   
Adjustments
   
Recast
 
 
                                   
Net revenues
 
$
2,323,431
   
$
(6,103
)
 
$
2,317,328
   
$
2,603,522
   
$
(4,154
)
 
$
2,599,368
 
Costs of products sold
   
1,753,648
     
(10,142
)
   
1,743,506
     
1,903,910
     
(7,651
)
   
1,896,259
 
Gross profit
   
569,783
     
4,039
     
573,822
     
699,612
     
3,497
     
703,109
 
Operating income
   
101,717
     
95,341
     
197,058
     
311,588
     
12,417
     
324,005
 
Total other income (expense)
   
(7,501
)
   
(95,341
)
   
(102,842
)
   
(32,224
)
   
(12,417
)
   
(44,641
)
Income before taxes
   
94,216
     
-
     
94,216
     
279,364
     
-
     
279,364
 
Income tax expense
   
44,843
     
-
     
44,843
     
298,924
     
-
     
298,924
 
Net earnings (loss)
   
49,373
     
-
     
49,373
     
(19,560
)
   
-
     
(19,560
)
Less: net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
   
581
     
-
     
581
     
784
     
-
     
784
 
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Vishay stockholders
 
$
48,792
   
$
-
   
$
48,792
   
$
(20,344
)
 
$
-
   
$
(20,344
)
 
Reclassifications

In addition to the changes due to the retrospective adoption of certain aspects of new accounting guidance described above, certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current financial statement presentation.
12

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 2 – Revenue Recognition

As of January 1, 2018, the Company recognizes revenue from contracts with customers in accordance with ASU 2014-09.  The Company has framework agreements with many of its customers that contain the terms and conditions of future sales, but do not create enforceable rights or obligations.  Per ASU 2014-09, the Company's contracts are the combined purchase orders and the terms and conditions contained within such framework agreements.

Payment terms for the Company's sales are generally less than sixty days.  Substantially all of the Company's receivables are collected within twelve months of the transfer of products to the customer and the Company expects this to continue going forward.  The Company applies the practical expedient within ASU 2014-09 to all of its contracts with payment terms less than or equal to twelve months and does not recognize a financing component of the transaction price.

Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in contracts with customers, and excludes any sales incentives and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.  The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies its performance obligations.

The Company's contracts contain two performance obligations: delivery of products and warranty protection.  The Company does not sell separate, enhanced, or extended warranty coverage, but through its customary business practices, the Company has created implied service-type warranties, which are accounted for as separate performance obligations.  Revenue is allocated between these two performance obligations and recognized as the obligations are satisfied.  The allocation of revenue to warranty protection is based on an estimate of expected cost plus margin.  The delivery of products performance obligation is satisfied and product sales revenue is recognized when the customer takes control of the products.  Warranty revenue is deferred and the warranty protection performance obligation is satisfied and revenue is recognized over the warranty period, which is typically less than twenty-four months from sale to end customer.  The warranty deferred revenue liability is recorded within Other Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities on the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets.  The deferred revenue balance associated with the service-type warranty performance obligations and the components that comprise the change in the deferred revenue balance are not significant.
 
The Company has a broad line of products that it sells to original equipment manufacturers ("OEMs"), electronic manufacturing services ("EMS") companies, which manufacture for OEMs on an outsourcing basis, and independent distributors that maintain large inventories of electronic components for resale to OEMs and EMS companies.

The Company has and will continue to recognize revenue on sales to distributors when the distributor takes control of the products ("sold-to" model).  The Company has agreements with distributors that allow distributors a limited credit for unsaleable products, which it terms a "scrap allowance." Consistent with industry practice, the Company also has a "stock, ship and debit" program whereby it considers requests by distributors for credits on previously purchased products that remain in distributors' inventory, to enable the distributors to offer more competitive pricing. In addition, the Company has contractual arrangements whereby it provides distributors with protection against price reductions initiated by the Company after product is sold by the Company to the distributor and prior to resale by the distributor.

The Company recognizes the estimated variable consideration to be received as revenue and records a related accrued expense for the consideration not expected to be received, based upon its estimate of product returns, scrap allowances, "stock, ship and debit" credits, and price protection credits that will be attributable to sales recorded through the end of the period.  The Company makes these estimates based upon sales levels to its distributors during the period, inventory levels at the distributors, current and projected market conditions, and historical experience under the programs. While the Company utilizes a number of different methodologies to estimate the accruals, all of the methodologies take into account sales levels to distributors during the relevant period, inventory levels at the distributors, current and projected market trends and conditions, recent and historical activity under the relevant programs, changes in program policies, and open requests for credits. These procedures require the exercise of significant judgments.  The Company believes that it has a reasonable basis to estimate future credits under the programs.
13

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Distributor sales accrual activity is shown below:

   
Fiscal quarters ended
   
Years Ended December 31,
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017
   
2017
   
2016
 
Beginning balance
 
$
36,680
   
$
34,479
   
$
34,479
   
$
32,487
 
Sales allowances
   
24,188
     
21,520
     
89,009
     
86,896
 
Credits issued
   
(28,450
)
   
(23,471
)
   
(87,403
)
   
(85,341
)
Foreign currency
   
288
     
(576
)
   
595
     
437
 
Ending balance
 
$
32,706
   
$
31,952
   
$
36,680
   
$
34,479
 

The Company pays commissions to external sales representatives on a per-sale basis.    The Company applies the practical expedient available within ASU 2014-09 to all commissions paid as the future amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less.  Accordingly, these commissions are expensed as incurred.  Internal staff are not paid commissions.

The Company has elected to account for shipping and handling as activities to fulfill the promise to transfer the product even if the shipping and handling activities are performed after the customer obtains control.  The Company does not evaluate whether shipping and handling activities are promised services to its customers.  If control transfers and revenue is recognized for the related products before the shipping and handling activities occur, the related costs of those shipping and handling activities is accrued.  The Company applies this accounting policy election consistently to similar types of transactions.

See disaggregated revenue information in Note 10.
14

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Note 3 – Acquisition Activities

As part of its growth strategy, the Company seeks to expand through targeted acquisitions of other manufacturers of electronic components that have established positions in major markets, reputations for product quality and reliability, and product lines with which the Company has substantial marketing and technical expertise.

On February 8, 2018, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets and liabilities of UltraSource, Inc., a U.S.-based, privately-held thin film circuit and thin film interconnect manufacturer, for $13,372, subject to customary post-closing adjustments.  Based on an estimate of their fair values, the Company allocated $6,500 of the purchase price to definite-lived intangible assets.  After allocating the purchase price to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on an estimation of their fair values at the date of acquisition, the Company recorded goodwill of $4,003 related to this acquisition.  The results and operations of this acquisition have been included in the Resistors & Inductors segment since February 8, 2018.  The inclusion of this acquisition did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated results for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018.  The goodwill related to this acquisition is included in the Resistors & Inductors reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing.  The preliminary allocation is pending finalization of a working capital adjustment.  There can be no assurance that the estimated amounts recorded represent the final purchase allocation.

Had this acquisition occurred as of the beginning of the periods presented in these consolidated condensed financial statements, the pro forma statements of operations would not be materially different than the consolidated condensed statements of operations presented.

The remaining fluctuation in the goodwill account balance is due to foreign currency translation.
15

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 4 – Restructuring and Related Activities

The Company places a strong emphasis on controlling its costs and combats general price inflation by continuously improving its efficiency and operating performance.  When the ongoing cost containment activities are not adequate, the Company takes actions to maintain its cost competitiveness.

The Company incurred significant restructuring costs in its past to reduce its cost structure.  Historically, the Company's primary cost reduction technique was through the transfer of production from high-labor-cost countries to lower-labor-cost countries.  Since 2013, the Company's cost reduction programs have primarily focused on reducing fixed costs, including selling, general, and administrative expenses.  As of December 31, 2017, the Company's restructuring programs were substantially completed.

The following table summarizes restructuring and related expenses which were recognized and reported on a separate line in the accompanying consolidated condensed statements of operations:

 
Fiscal quarter ended
 
 
April 1, 2017
 
MOSFETs Enhanced Competitiveness Program
 
$
420
 
Global Cost Reduction Programs
   
1,049
 
Total
 
$
1,469
 

MOSFETs Enhanced Competitiveness Program

Over a period of approximately 2 years and in a series of discrete steps, the manufacture of wafers for a substantial share of products was transferred into a more cost-efficient fab.  As a consequence, certain other manufacturing previously occurring in-house was transferred to third-party foundries.  This transfer of production was substantially completed by the end of the first fiscal quarter of 2016.

As a result of a review of the financial results and outlook for the Company's MOSFETs segment following the completion of production transfers, the Company determined to implement further cost reductions for the MOSFETs segment.  In November 2016, the Company announced an extension of the MOSFETs Enhanced Competitiveness Program.  The revised program included various cost reduction initiatives, primarily the transfer of all remaining manufacturing operations at its Santa Clara, California facility to other Vishay facilities or third-party subcontractors.

The following table summarizes the activity to date related to this program:

Expense recorded in 2013
 
$
2,328
 
Cash paid
   
(267
)
Balance at December 31, 2013
 
$
2,061
 
Expense recorded in 2014
   
6,025
 
Cash paid
   
(856
)
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
$
7,230
 
Expense recorded in 2015
   
5,367
 
Cash paid
   
(426
)
Foreign currency translation
   
1
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
12,172
 
Expense recorded in 2016
   
9,744
 
Cash paid
   
(15,686
)
Foreign currency translation
   
2
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
6,232
 
Expense recorded in 2017
   
3,204
 
Cash paid
   
(7,173
)
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
2,263
 
Cash paid
   
(283
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
1,980
 

Severance benefits are generally paid in a lump sum at cessation of employment.  The entire liability is considered current and is included in other accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets. 
16

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Global Cost Reduction Programs

The global cost reduction programs announced in 2015 included a plan to reduce selling, general, and administrative costs company-wide, and targeted streamlining and consolidation of production for certain product lines within its Capacitors and Resistors & Inductors segments.  These programs were substantially implemented as of December 31, 2017.

The following table summarizes the activity to date related to this program:

Expense recorded in 2015
 
$
13,753
 
Cash paid
   
(986
)
Foreign currency translation
   
(150
)
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
12,617
 
Expense recorded in 2016
   
9,918
 
Cash paid
   
(16,237
)
Foreign currency translation
   
(34
)
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
6,264
 
Expense recorded in 2017
   
8,069
 
Cash paid
   
(7,168
)
Foreign currency translation
   
500
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
$
7,665
 
Cash paid
   
(1,027
)
Foreign currency translation
   
148
 
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
6,786
 

The following table summarizes the expense recognized by segment related to this program:

   
Fiscal quarter ended
 
   
April 1, 2017
 
Resistors & Inductors
 
$
851
 
Capacitors
   
161
 
Unallocated Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
   
37
 
Total
 
$
1,049
 

Severance benefits are generally paid in a lump sum at cessation of employment, though some are being paid in installments.  The current portion of the liability is $4,222 and is included in other accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets.  The non-current portion of the liability is included in other liabilities in the accompanying consolidated condensed balance sheets.
17

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 5 – Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes consists of provisions for federal, state, and foreign income taxes.  The effective tax rates for the periods ended March 31, 2018 and April 1, 2017 reflect the Company's expected tax rate on reported income from continuing operations before income tax and tax adjustments. The Company operates in a global environment with significant operations in various jurisdictions outside the United States.  Accordingly, the consolidated income tax rate is a composite rate reflecting the Company's earnings and the applicable tax rates in the various jurisdictions where the Company operates.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "TCJA") was enacted in the United States.  The TCJA represents sweeping changes in U.S. tax law.  Among the numerous changes in tax law, the TCJA permanently reduced the U.S. corporate income tax rate to 21% beginning in 2018; imposed a one-time transition tax on deferred foreign earnings; established a partial territorial tax system by allowing a 100% dividends received deduction on qualifying dividends paid by foreign subsidiaries; limited deductions for net interest expense; and expanded the U.S. taxation of foreign earned income to include "global intangible low-taxed income" ("GILTI") of foreign subsidiaries.

The TCJA represents the first significant change in U.S. tax law in over 30 years.  As permitted by SAB No. 118, the tax expense recorded in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2017 due to the enactment of the TCJA was considered "provisional," based on reasonable estimates.  The Company is continuing to collect and analyze detailed information about the earnings and profits of its non-U.S. subsidiaries, the related taxes paid, the amounts which could be repatriated, the foreign taxes which may be incurred on repatriation, and the associated impact of these items under the TCJA.  The Company may record adjustments to refine those estimates during the measurement period, as additional analysis is completed.  No adjustments were recorded during the first fiscal quarter of 2018. 

Furthermore, the Company is continuing to evaluate the TCJA's provisions and may prospectively adjust its financial and capital structure and business practices accordingly.

The TCJA transitions the U.S. from a worldwide tax system to a partial territorial tax system.  Under previous law, companies could indefinitely defer U.S. income taxation on unremitted foreign earnings. The TCJA imposes a one-time transition tax on deferred foreign earnings of 15.5% for liquid assets and 8% for illiquid assets, payable in defined increments over eight years.  As a result of this requirement, the Company recognized provisional tax expense of $215,558 in 2017, and provisionally expects to pay $180,000, net of estimated applicable foreign tax credits, and after utilization of net operating loss, R&D credits, and foreign tax credit carryforwards. These previously deferred foreign earnings may now be repatriated to the United States without additional U.S. federal taxation.  However, any such repatriation could incur withholding and other foreign taxes in the source and intervening foreign jurisdictions, and certain U.S. state taxes.

Due to the changes in taxation of dividends received from foreign subsidiaries, and also because of the need to finance the payment of the transition tax, the Company made the determination during the fourth fiscal quarter of 2017 that certain unremitted foreign earnings in Israel, Germany, Austria, and France are no longer permanently reinvested, and recorded provisional tax expense of $213,000 to accrue the incremental foreign income taxes and withholding taxes payable to foreign jurisdictions assuming the hypothetical repatriation to the United States of these approximately $1,100,000 of available foreign earnings.  Due to the existence of the foreign cash taxes payable at the source, the Company expects to actually repatriate these amounts at a measured pace over several years, and may decide to ultimately not repatriate some of these amounts.  The Company terminated its previous cash repatriation program and recorded a provisional income tax benefit to reverse the associated deferred tax liability as a result of this planned repatriation.  No amounts were repatriated pursuant to this program in the first fiscal quarter of 2018.
 
The Company's effective tax rate for the period ended March 31, 2018 was negatively impacted by certain provisions of the TCJA.  The provisions of the TCJA are interrelated and the impact of any specific provision cannot be isolated. The Company operates at a pre-tax loss in the U.S. and the reduction in the federal tax rate reduces the tax benefit recorded.  In addition, the inclusion of GILTI income and the limitation and the deductibility of interest expense increased the effective tax rate. The Company has elected to account for GILTI tax in the period in which it is incurred, and therefore did not provide any deferred taxes in the consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2017.

Income tax expense for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018, includes tax expense of $1,316 for the periodic remeasurement of the deferred tax liability recorded for the foreign taxes associated with the cash repatriation program described above, primarily due to the foreign currency effects.

Income tax expense for the fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2017 included a tax benefit of $968 for the periodic remeasurement of the deferred tax liability recorded for the cash repatriation program that was terminated as a result of the enactment of the TCJA.

During the three fiscal months ended March 31, 2018, the liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits increased by $568 on a net basis, due to increases for tax positions taken in the current period, interest, and foreign currency effects.
18

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Note 6 – Long-Term Debt
 
Long-term debt consists of the following:

   
March 31, 2018
   
December 31, 2017
 
             
Credit facility
 
$
184,000
   
$
150,000
 
Convertible senior debentures, due 2040
   
111,157
     
110,412
 
Convertible senior debentures, due 2041
   
57,031
     
56,641
 
Convertible senior debentures, due 2042
   
62,853
     
62,518
 
Deferred financing costs
   
(8,656
)
   
(9,101
)
     
406,385
     
370,470
 
Less current portion
   
-
     
-
 
   
$
406,385
   
$
370,470
 

Convertible Senior Debentures

Vishay currently has three issuances of convertible senior debentures outstanding with generally congruent terms.  The quarterly cash dividend program of the Company results in adjustments to the conversion rate and effective conversion price for each issuance of the Company's convertible senior debentures effective as of the ex-dividend date of each cash dividend.

The following table summarizes some key facts and terms regarding the three series of outstanding convertible senior debentures following the adjustment made to the conversion rate of the debentures on the ex-dividend date of the March 29, 2018 dividend payment:

   
Due 2040
   
Due 2041
   
Due 2042
 
Issuance date
 
November 9, 2010
   
May 13, 2011
   
May 31, 2012
 
Maturity date
 
November 15, 2040
   
May 15, 2041
   
June 1, 2042
 
Principal amount
 
$
275,000
   
$
150,000
   
$
150,000
 
Cash coupon rate (per annum)
   
2.25
%
   
2.25
%
   
2.25
%
Nonconvertible debt borrowing rate at issuance (per annum)
   
8.00
%
   
8.375
%
   
7.50
%
Conversion rate effective March 14, 2018 (per $1 principal amount)
   
77.4680
     
56.5321
     
91.0838
 
Effective conversion price effective March 14, 2018 (per share)
 
$
12.91
   
$
17.69
   
$
10.98
 
130% of the conversion price (per share)
 
$
16.78
   
$
23.00
   
$
14.27
 
Call date
 
November 20, 2020
   
May 20, 2021
   
June 7, 2022
 

Prior to three months before the maturity date, the holders may only convert their debentures under the following circumstances: (1) during any fiscal quarter after the first full quarter subsequent to issuance, if the sale price of Vishay common stock reaches 130% of the conversion price for a specified period; (2) the trading price of the debentures falls below 98% of the product of the sale price of Vishay's common stock and the conversion rate for a specified period; (3) Vishay calls any or all of the debentures for redemption, at any time prior to the close of business on the third scheduled trading day immediately preceding the redemption date; or (4) upon the occurrence of specified corporate events.

The convertible debentures due 2042 became convertible subsequent to the December 31, 2016 evaluation of the conversion criteria, and have remained convertible for each subsequent quarterly evaluation through the March 31, 2018 evaluation, due to the sale price of Vishay's common stock exceeding 130% of the conversion price for the applicable periods.  The convertible debentures due 2040 became convertible subsequent to the September 30, 2017 evaluation of the conversion criteria, and have remained convertible for each subsequent quarterly evaluation through the March 31, 2018 evaluation, due to the sale price of Vishay's common stock exceeding 130% of the conversion price for the applicable periods.  The debentures due 2040 and due 2042 will remain convertible until June 30, 2018, at which time the conversion criteria will be reevaluated.  At the direction of its Board of Directors, the Company intends, upon future conversion of any of the convertible senior debentures, to repay the principal amounts of the convertible senior debentures in cash and settle any additional amounts in shares of Vishay common stock. The excess of the amount that the Company would pay to the holders of the debentures due 2040 and due 2042 upon conversion over the carrying value of the liability component of the debentures currently convertible has been reclassified as temporary equity on the consolidated condensed financial statements. The Company intends to finance the principal amount of any converted debentures using borrowings under its credit facility. Accordingly, the debt component of the convertible debentures due 2040 and due 2042 continues to be classified as a non-current liability on the consolidated condensed balance sheets.
19

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

GAAP requires an issuer to separately account for the liability and equity components of the instrument in a manner that reflects the issuer's nonconvertible debt borrowing rate when interest costs are recognized in subsequent periods.  The resulting discount on the debt is amortized as non-cash interest expense in future periods.

The carrying values of the liability and equity components of the convertible debentures are reflected in the Company's consolidated condensed balance sheets as follows:

   
Principal amount of
the debentures
   
Unamortized discount
   
Embedded derivative
   
Carrying value of liability component
   
Equity component (including temporary equity) - net carrying value
 
March 31, 2018
                             
Due 2040
 
$
275,000
     
(164,143
)
   
300
   
$
111,157
   
$
110,094
 
Due 2041
 
$
150,000
     
(93,239
)
   
270
   
$
57,031
   
$
62,246
 
Due 2042
 
$
150,000
     
(87,276
)
   
129
   
$
62,853
   
$
57,874
 
Total
 
$
575,000
   
$
(344,658
)
 
$
699
   
$
231,041
   
$
230,214
 
                                         
December 31, 2017
                                       
Due 2040
 
$
275,000
     
(164,794
)
   
206
   
$
110,412
   
$
110,094
 
Due 2041
 
$
150,000
     
(93,573
)
   
214
   
$
56,641
   
$
62,246
 
Due 2042
 
$
150,000
     
(87,600
)
   
118
   
$
62,518
   
$
57,874
 
Total
 
$
575,000
   
$
(345,967
)
 
$
538
   
$
229,571
   
$
230,214
 

Interest is payable on the debentures semi-annually at the cash coupon rate; however, the remaining debt discount is being amortized as additional non-cash interest expense using an effective annual interest rate equal to the Company's estimated nonconvertible debt borrowing rate at the time of issuance.  In addition to ordinary interest, contingent interest will accrue in certain circumstances relating to the trading price of the debentures and under certain other circumstances beginning ten years subsequent to issuance.

Interest expense related to the debentures is reflected on the consolidated condensed statements of operations for the fiscal quarters ended:

   
Contractual
coupon interest
   
Non-cash amortization of debt discount
   
Non-cash amortization of deferred financing costs
   
Non-cash change in value of derivative liability
   
Total interest expense related to the debentures
 
March 31, 2018
                             
Due 2040
 
$
1,547
     
651
     
22
     
94
   
$
2,314
 
Due 2041
 
$
844
     
334
     
12
     
56
   
$
1,246
 
Due 2042
 
$
844
     
324
     
13
     
11
   
$
1,192
 
Total
 
$
3,235
   
$
1,309
   
$
47
   
$
161
   
$
4,752
 
                                         
April 1, 2017
                                       
Due 2040
 
$
1,547
     
602
     
22
     
(25
)
 
$
2,146
 
Due 2041
 
$
844
     
308
     
12
     
2
   
$
1,166
 
Due 2042
 
$
844
     
301
     
13
     
(4
)
 
$
1,154
 
Total
 
$
3,235
   
$
1,211
   
$
47
   
$
(27
)
 
$
4,466
 
20

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 7 – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The cumulative balance of each component of other comprehensive income (loss) and the income tax effects allocated to each component are as follows:

   
Pension and other post-retirement actuarial items
   
Currency translation adjustment
   
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities
   
Total
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
 
$
(69,041
)
 
$
92,954
   
$
1,801
   
$
25,714
 
Cumulative effect of accounting for adoption of ASU 2016-01
   
-
     
-
     
(1,801
)
 
$
(1,801
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
   
-
     
27,024
     
-
   
$
27,024
 
Tax effect
   
-
     
-
     
-
   
$
-
 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, net of tax
   
-
     
27,024
     
-
   
$
27,024
 
Amounts reclassified out of AOCI
   
2,296
     
-
     
-
   
$
2,296
 
Tax effect
   
(689
)
   
-
     
-
   
$
(689
)
Amounts reclassified out of AOCI, net of tax
   
1,607
     
-
     
-
   
$
1,607
 
Net other comprehensive income
 
$
1,607
   
$
27,024
   
$
-
   
$
28,631
 
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
$
(67,434
)
 
$
119,978
   
$
-
   
$
52,544
 

The Company recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings (accumulated deficit) of $1,801 for the cumulative change in fair value of available-for-sale equity investments previously recognized in other comprehensive income due to the adoption of ASU 2016-01.  See Note 1 for further information.

Reclassifications of pension and other post-retirement actuarial items out of AOCI are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost.  See Note 8 for further information.
21

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 8 – Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits

The Company maintains various retirement benefit plans.

Defined Benefit Pension Plans

The following table shows the components of the net periodic pension cost for the first fiscal quarters of 2018 and 2017 for the Company's defined benefit pension plans:

   
Fiscal quarter ended
March 31, 2018
   
Fiscal quarter ended
April 1, 2017
 
   
U.S. Plans
   
Non-U.S. Plans
   
U.S. Plans
   
Non-U.S. Plans
 
                         
Net service cost
 
$
-
   
$
948
   
$
-
   
$
903
 
Interest cost
   
371
     
1,242
     
410
     
1,167
 
Expected return on plan assets
   
-
     
(488
)
   
-
     
(506
)
Amortization of prior service cost
   
36
     
55
     
36
     
18
 
Amortization of losses
   
159
     
1,604
     
82
     
1,478
 
Curtailment and settlement losses
   
-
     
462
     
-
     
322
 
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
566
   
$
3,823
   
$
528
   
$
3,382
 
 
Other Postretirement Benefits

The following table shows the components of the net periodic benefit cost for the first fiscal quarters of 2018 and 2017 for the Company's other postretirement benefit plans:

   
Fiscal quarter ended
March 31, 2018
   
Fiscal quarter ended
April 1, 2017
 
   
U.S. Plans
   
Non-U.S. Plans
   
U.S. Plans
   
Non-U.S. Plans
 
                         
Service cost
 
$
34
   
$
75
   
$
33
   
$
64
 
Interest cost
   
68
     
30
     
77
     
24
 
Amortization of prior service (credit)
   
(37
)
   
-
     
(209
)
   
-
 
Amortization of losses (gains)
   
(10
)
   
27
     
(23
)
   
14
 
Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
55
   
$
132
   
$
(122
)
 
$
102
 
22

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 9 – Stock-Based Compensation

The Company has various stockholder-approved programs which allow for the grant of stock-based compensation to officers, employees, and non-employee directors of the Company.

The amount of compensation cost related to stock-based payment transactions is measured based on the grant-date fair value of the equity instruments issued.  The Company determines compensation cost for restricted stock units ("RSUs") and phantom stock units based on the grant-date fair value of the underlying common stock adjusted for expected dividends paid over the required vesting period for non-participating awards.  Compensation cost is recognized over the period that an officer, employee, or non-employee director provides service in exchange for the award.

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense recognized:

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017
 
             
Restricted stock units
 
$
2,269
   
$
2,204
 
Phantom stock units
   
214
     
163
 
Total
 
$
2,483
   
$
2,367
 

The Company recognizes compensation cost for RSUs that are expected to vest and records cumulative adjustments in the period that the expectation changes.

The following table summarizes unrecognized compensation cost and the weighted average remaining amortization periods at March 31, 2018 (amortization periods in years):

   
Unrecognized Compensation Cost
   
Weighted Average Remaining Amortization Periods
 
             
Restricted stock units
 
$
5,394
     
1.7
 
Phantom stock units
   
-
     
0.0
 
Total
 
$
5,394
         

The Company currently expects all performance-based RSUs to vest and all of the associated unrecognized compensation cost for performance-based RSUs presented in the table above to be recognized.
23

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

2007 Stock Incentive Plan

The Company's 2007 Stock Incentive Program (the "2007 Program"), as amended and restated, permits the grant of up to 6,500,000 shares of restricted stock, unrestricted stock, RSUs, stock options, and phantom stock units, to officers, employees, and non-employee directors of the Company.  Such instruments are available for grant until May 20, 2024.

Restricted Stock Units

RSU activity under the 2007 Program as of March 31, 2018 and changes during the three fiscal months then ended are presented below (number of RSUs in thousands):

   
Number of RSUs
   
Weighted Average Grant-date Fair Value per Unit
 
Outstanding:
           
January 1, 2018
   
986
   
$
13.34
 
Granted
   
252
     
18.90
 
Vested*
   
(334
)
   
13.67
 
Cancelled or forfeited
   
-
     
-
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2018
   
904
   
$
14.77
 
                 
Expected to vest at March 31, 2018
   
904
         

* The number of RSUs vested includes shares that the Company withheld on behalf of employees to satisfy the statutory tax withholding requirements.

The number of performance-based RSUs that are scheduled to vest increases ratably based on the achievement of defined performance criteria between the established target and maximum levels.  RSUs with performance-based vesting criteria are expected to vest as follows (number of RSUs in thousands):

Vesting Date
 
Expected to Vest
   
Not Expected to Vest
   
Total
 
January 1, 2019
   
213
     
-
     
213
 
January 1, 2020
   
167
     
-
     
167
 
January 1, 2021
   
141
     
-
     
141
 

Phantom Stock Units

The 2007 Program authorizes the grant of phantom stock units to the extent provided for in the Company's employment agreements with certain executives.  Each phantom stock unit entitles the recipient to receive a share of common stock at the individual's termination of employment or any other future date specified in the applicable employment agreement.  Phantom stock units participate in dividend distribution on the same basis as the Company's common stock and Class B common stock.  Dividend equivalents are issued in the form of additional units of phantom stock.  The phantom stock units are fully vested at all times.

Phantom stock unit activity under the phantom stock plan as of March 31, 2018 and changes during the three fiscal months then ended are presented below (number of phantom stock units in thousands):

   
Number of units
   
Grant-date Fair Value per Unit
 
Outstanding:
           
January 1, 2018
   
157
       
Granted
   
10
   
$
21.35
 
Dividend equivalents issued
   
1
         
Outstanding at March 31, 2018
   
168
         
24

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Note 10 – Segment Information

Vishay is a global manufacturer and supplier of electronic components.  Vishay operates, and its chief operating decision maker makes strategic and operating decisions with regards to assessing performance and allocating resources based on, five reporting segments: MOSFETs, Diodes, Optoelectronic Components, Resistors & Inductors, and Capacitors.  These segments represent groupings of product lines based on their functionality:

 
Metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors ("MOSFETs") function as solid-state switches to control power.
 
Diodes route, regulate, and block radio frequency, analog, and power signals; protect systems from surges or electrostatic discharge damage; or provide electromagnetic interference filtering.
 
Optoelectronic components emit light, detect light, or do both.
 
Resistors and inductors both impede electric current.  Resistors are basic components used in all forms of electronic circuitry to adjust and regulate levels of voltage and current.  Inductors use an internal magnetic field to change alternating current phase and resist alternating current.
 
Capacitors store energy and discharge it when needed.

Vishay's reporting segments generate substantially all of their revenue from product sales to the industrial, automotive, telecommunications, computing, consumer products, power supplies, military and aerospace, and medical end markets.  A small portion of revenues is from royalties.

The Company evaluates business segment performance on operating income, exclusive of certain items ("segment operating income").  Only dedicated, direct selling, general, and administrative expenses of the segments are included in the calculation of segment operating income.  The Company's calculation of segment operating income excludes such selling, general, and administrative costs as global operations, sales and marketing, information systems, finance and administration groups, as well as restructuring and severance costs, goodwill and long-lived asset impairment charges, and other items.  Management believes that evaluating segment performance excluding such items is meaningful because it provides insight with respect to intrinsic operating results of the Company.  These items represent reconciling items between segment operating income and consolidated operating income.  Business segment assets are the owned or allocated assets used by each business.

The Company also regularly evaluates gross profit by segment to assist in the analysis of consolidated gross profit.  The Company considers segment operating income to be the more important metric because it more fully captures the business operations of the segments.
25

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

The following tables set forth business segment information:

   
MOSFETs
   
Diodes
   
Optoelectronic Components
   
Resistors & Inductors
   
Capacitors
   
Total
 
Fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2018:
                                   
Product Sales
 
$
127,494
   
$
167,017
   
$
71,958
   
$
244,019
   
$
106,268
   
$
716,756
 
Royalty Revenues
   
12
     
-
     
-
     
27
     
-
   
$
39
 
Total Revenue
 
$
127,506
   
$
167,017
   
$
71,958
   
$
244,046
   
$
106,268
   
$
716,795
 
                                                 
Gross Profit
 
$
32,022
   
$
43,200
   
$
27,233
   
$
78,530
   
$
24,315
   
$
205,300
 
                                                 
Segment Operating Income
 
$
22,558
   
$
37,931
   
$
22,794
   
$
70,002
   
$
18,893
   
$
172,178
 
                                                 
Fiscal quarter ended April 1, 2017:*
                                               
Product Sales
 
$
104,842
   
$
144,585
   
$
65,262
   
$
200,246
   
$
89,860
   
$
604,795
 
Royalty Revenues
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
6
     
-
   
$
6
 
Total Revenue
 
$
104,842
   
$
144,585
   
$
65,262
   
$
200,252
   
$
89,860
   
$
604,801
 
                                                 
Gross Profit
 
$
20,717
   
$
38,162
   
$
22,442
   
$
61,215
   
$
19,213
   
$
161,749
 
                                                 
Segment Operating Income
 
$
11,803
   
$
33,442
   
$
17,117
   
$
53,958
   
$
14,190
   
$
130,510
 

*Recast for the retrospective adoption of ASUs 2014-09 and 2017-07.  See Note 1.

   
Fiscal quarters ended
 
   
March 31, 2018
   
April 1, 2017***
 
Reconciliation:
           
Segment Operating Income
 
$
172,178
   
$
130,510
 
Restructuring and Severance Costs
   
-
     
(1,469
)
Unallocated Selling, General, and Administrative Expenses
   
(68,116
)
   
(61,463
)
Consolidated Operating Income
   
104,062