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EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex321.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex312.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex311.htm
EX-12 - EXHIBIT 12 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex12.htm
EX-10.7.6 - EXHIBIT 10.7.6 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex1076.htm
EX-10.4.7 - EXHIBIT 10.4.7 - CONAGRA BRANDS INC.cag-10q1ex1047.htm
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 ______________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 ______________________________________________________
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 27, 2017
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                 to 
               
Commission File Number: 1-7275
______________________________________________________
CONAGRA BRANDS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
______________________________________________________ 
Delaware
 
47-0248710
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
222 Merchandise Mart Plaza, Suite 1300
Chicago, Illinois
 
60654
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(312) 549-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 ______________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x     No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer  x Accelerated filer  ¨ Non-accelerated filer    ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company   ¨ Emerging growth company    ¨ 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x 
Number of shares outstanding of issuer’s common stock, as of August 27, 2017, was 408,498,132.
 



Table of Contents
 
Item 1
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4
Item 1
Item 1A
Item 2
Item 6
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exhibit 101
 





PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Conagra Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(in millions except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 
 
Thirteen weeks ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Net sales
$
1,804.2

 
$
1,895.6

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
1,285.2

 
1,351.0

Selling, general and administrative expenses
239.0

 
231.7

Interest expense, net
36.4

 
58.2

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and equity method investment earnings
243.6

 
254.7

Income tax expense
120.0

 
169.2

Equity method investment earnings
30.0

 
13.1

Income from continuing operations
153.6

 
98.6

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
(0.3
)
 
91.4

Net income
$
153.3

 
$
190.0

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
0.8

 
3.8

Net income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc.
$
152.5

 
$
186.2

Earnings per share — basic
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
0.37

 
$
0.22

Income from discontinued operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders

 
0.20

Net income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
0.37

 
$
0.42

Earnings per share — diluted
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
0.36

 
$
0.22

Income from discontinued operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders

 
0.20

Net income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
0.36

 
$
0.42

Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.2125

 
$
0.25

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


1




Conagra Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(in millions)
(unaudited)
 
 
Thirteen weeks ended
 
August 27, 2017
 
August 28, 2016
 
Pre-Tax Amount
Tax (Expense) Benefit
After-Tax Amount
 
Pre-Tax Amount
Tax (Expense) Benefit
After-Tax Amount
Net income
$
273.4

$
(120.1
)
$
153.3

 
$
408.0

$
(218.0
)
$
190.0

Other comprehensive income:



 



Unrealized derivative adjustments



 
(8.0
)
3.1

(4.9
)
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities
0.3

(0.1
)
0.2

 
0.2

(0.1
)
0.1

Unrealized currency translation gains (losses)
32.6

(0.1
)
32.5

 
(11.9
)
0.2

(11.7
)
Pension and post-employment benefit obligations:






 






Unrealized pension and post-employment benefit obligations
0.1


0.1

 
(2.1
)
0.1

(2.0
)
Reclassification for pension and post-employment benefit obligations included in net income
(0.1
)

(0.1
)
 
(0.9
)
0.3

(0.6
)
Comprehensive income
306.3

(120.3
)
186.0

 
385.3

(214.4
)
170.9

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
2.0

(0.2
)
1.8

 
3.8

(0.1
)
3.7

Comprehensive income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc.
$
304.3

$
(120.1
)
$
184.2

 
$
381.5

$
(214.3
)
$
167.2


See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


2




Conagra Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions except share data)
(unaudited)
 
 
August 27,
2017
 
May 28,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
251.4

 
$
251.4

Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $3.2 and $3.1
577.1

 
563.4

Inventories
1,068.8

 
934.2

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
188.5

 
228.7

Current assets held for sale
39.2

 
35.5

Total current assets
2,125.0

 
2,013.2

Property, plant and equipment
4,198.2

 
4,261.9

Less accumulated depreciation
(2,550.9
)
 
(2,606.9
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
1,647.3

 
1,655.0

Goodwill
4,301.7

 
4,301.1

Brands, trademarks and other intangibles, net
1,223.6

 
1,229.3

Other assets
827.5

 
790.6

Noncurrent assets held for sale
100.5

 
107.1

 
$
10,225.6

 
$
10,096.3

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable
$
323.5

 
$
28.2

Current installments of long-term debt
198.7

 
199.0

Accounts payable
845.7

 
773.1

Accrued payroll
95.5

 
167.6

Other accrued liabilities
590.2


552.6

Total current liabilities
2,053.6

 
1,720.5

Senior long-term debt, excluding current installments
2,571.1

 
2,573.3

Subordinated debt
195.9

 
195.9

Other noncurrent liabilities
1,522.4


1,528.8

Total liabilities
6,343.0

 
6,018.5

Common stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Common stock of $5 par value, authorized 1,200,000,000 shares; issued 567,907,172
2,839.7

 
2,839.7

Additional paid-in capital
1,159.9

 
1,171.9

Retained earnings
4,312.6

 
4,247.0

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(181.2
)
 
(212.9
)
Less treasury stock, at cost, 159,409,040 and 151,387,209 common shares
(4,337.2
)
 
(4,054.9
)
Total Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders' equity
3,793.8

 
3,990.8

Noncontrolling interests
88.8

 
87.0

Total stockholders' equity
3,882.6

 
4,077.8

 
$
10,225.6

 
$
10,096.3

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.


3




Conagra Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in millions)
(unaudited)
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
153.3

 
$
190.0

Income (loss) from discontinued operations
(0.3
)
 
91.4

Income from continuing operations
153.6

 
98.6

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
64.7

 
67.2

Asset impairment charges
6.0

 
164.1

Gain on divestitures

 
(198.2
)
Earnings of affiliates in excess of distributions
(30.0
)
 
(6.9
)
Stock-settled share-based payments expense
8.2

 
7.5

Contributions to pension plans
(3.8
)
 
(3.0
)
Pension benefit
(12.6
)
 
(10.4
)
Other items
5.5

 
11.7

Change in operating assets and liabilities excluding effects of business acquisitions and dispositions:
 
 
 
Receivables
(13.7
)
 
14.8

Inventories
(138.4
)
 
(83.3
)
Deferred income taxes and income taxes payable, net
132.1

 
215.3

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(6.5
)
 
(4.8
)
Accounts payable
67.8

 
56.5

Accrued payroll
(72.1
)
 
(121.2
)
Other accrued liabilities
(19.3
)
 
0.4

Net cash flows from operating activities — continuing operations
141.5

 
208.3

Net cash flows from operating activities — discontinued operations
(5.5
)
 
117.6

Net cash flows from operating activities
136.0

 
325.9

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
(42.6
)
 
(58.1
)
Sale of property, plant and equipment
4.0

 
2.0

Proceeds from divestitures

 
486.3

Net cash flows from investing activities — continuing operations
(38.6
)
 
430.2

Net cash flows from investing activities — discontinued operations

 
(58.3
)
Net cash flows from investing activities
(38.6
)
 
371.9

Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Net short-term borrowings
295.3

 
(3.3
)
Repayment of long-term debt
(2.3
)
 
(553.9
)
Payment of intangible asset financing arrangement
(14.4
)
 
(14.9
)
Repurchase of Conagra Brands, Inc. common shares
(300.0
)
 
(85.6
)
Cash dividends paid
(83.3
)
 
(109.5
)
Exercise of stock options and issuance of other stock awards, including tax withholdings
(2.4
)
 
32.6

Net cash flows from financing activities — continuing operations
(107.1
)
 
(734.6
)
Net cash flows from financing activities — discontinued operations

 
(3.1
)
Net cash flows from financing activities
(107.1
)
 
(737.7
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
9.7

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 
(39.9
)
Add: Cash balance included in assets held for sale and discontinued operations at beginning of period

 
36.4

Less: Cash balance included in assets held for sale and discontinued operations at end of period

 
72.4

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
251.4

 
798.1

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
251.4

 
$
722.2

See notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4




Conagra Brands, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
For the Thirteen Weeks Ended August 27, 2017 and August 28, 2016
(columnar dollars in millions except per share amounts)
1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The unaudited financial information reflects all adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the periods presented. The adjustments are of a normal recurring nature, except as otherwise noted. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Conagra Brands, Inc. (formerly ConAgra Foods, Inc., the "Company", "we", "us", or "our") Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 28, 2017.
The results of operations for any quarter or a partial fiscal year period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other periods or the full fiscal year.
Basis of Consolidation — The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Conagra Brands, Inc. and all majority-owned subsidiaries. In addition, the accounts of all variable interest entities for which we have been determined to be the primary beneficiary are included in our condensed consolidated financial statements from the date such determination is made. All significant intercompany investments, accounts, and transactions have been eliminated.

On November 9, 2016, the Company completed the spinoff of Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. ("Lamb Weston") through a distribution of 100% of the Company's interest in Lamb Weston to holders of shares of the Company's common stock as of November 1, 2016 (the "Spinoff"). In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"), the results of operations of the Lamb Weston operations are presented as discontinued operations and, as such, have been excluded from continuing operations and segment results for all periods presented (see Note 3 for additional discussion).
Comprehensive Income — Comprehensive income includes net income, currency translation adjustments, certain derivative-related activity, changes in the value of available-for-sale investments, and changes in prior service cost and net actuarial gains (losses) from pension (for amounts not in excess of the 10% corridor) and post-retirement health care plans. On foreign investments we deem to be essentially permanent in nature, we do not provide for taxes on currency translation adjustments arising from converting an investment denominated in foreign currency to U.S. dollars. When we determine that a foreign investment, as well as undistributed earnings, are no longer permanent in nature, estimated taxes will be provided for the related deferred tax liability (asset), if any, resulting from currency translation adjustments.
The following table details the accumulated balances for each component of other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
August 27, 2017
 
May 28, 2017
Currency translation losses, net of reclassification adjustments
$
(67.1
)
 
$
(98.6
)
Derivative adjustments, net of reclassification adjustments
(1.1
)
 
(1.1
)
Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
Pension and post-employment benefit obligations, net of reclassification adjustments
(112.9
)
 
(112.9
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(181.2
)
 
$
(212.9
)

The following table summarizes the reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into operations:

 
 
Thirteen weeks ended
 
Affected Line Item in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Earnings1
 
 
August 27, 2017
 
August 28, 2016
 
 
Pension and postretirement liabilities:
 

 

 

     Net prior service benefit
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.9
)
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.9
)
 
Total before tax
 
 

 
0.3

 
Income tax expense
 
 
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.6
)
 
Net of tax
1 Amounts in parentheses indicate income recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings.

5


Cash and cash equivalents — Cash and all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less at the date of acquisition, including short-term time deposits and government agency and corporate obligations, are classified as cash and cash equivalents.
Reclassifications and other changes — Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with current year presentation.
Use of Estimates — Preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses as reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Accounting Changes — In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2015-11, Inventory, which requires an entity to measure inventory within the scope at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. We adopted this ASU prospectively in fiscal 2018. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact to our financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards — In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. On July 9, 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of the new revenue recognition standard by one year. Based on the FASB's ASU, we will apply the new revenue standard in our fiscal year 2019. Early adoption in our fiscal year 2018 is permitted. We are in the process of documenting the impact of the guidance on our current accounting policies and practices in order to identify material differences, if any, that would result from applying the new requirements to our revenue contracts. We continue to make progress on our revenue recognition review and are also in the process of evaluating the impact, if any, on changes to our business processes, systems, and controls to support recognition and disclosure requirements under the new guidance. We continue to evaluate the effect that ASU 2014-09 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments-Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. The effective date for this standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2017. Early adoption is not permitted except for certain provisions. We do not expect ASU 2016-01 to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, Topic 842, which requires lessees to reflect most leases on their balance sheet as assets and obligations. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that this standard will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The standard is to be applied under the modified retrospective method, with elective reliefs, which requires application of the new guidance for all periods presented.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows: Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies how companies present and classify certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect ASU 2016-15 to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash, which provides amendments to current guidance to address the classifications and presentation of changes in restricted cash in the statement of cash flows. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect ASU 2016-18 to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations: Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which provides a new framework for determining whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect ASU 2017-01 to have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Retirement Benefits: Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, which requires companies to present the service cost component of net benefit cost in the same line items in which they report compensation cost. Companies will present all other components of net benefit cost outside operating income, if this subtotal is presented. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We do not expect ASU 2017-07 to have a material impact to our financial statements.


6


In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging: Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which improves the financial reporting of hedging relationships to better portray the economic results of an entity's risk management activities in its financial statements and make certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of the hedge accounting guidance in current GAAP. The amendments in this update better align an entity's risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and presentation of hedge results. The effective date for the standard is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of our pending adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

2. ACQUISITIONS
In April 2017, we acquired protein-based snacking businesses Thanasi Foods LLC, maker of Duke's® meat snacks, and BIGS LLC, maker of BIGS® seeds, for $217.6 million in cash, net of cash acquired. Approximately $133.4 million has been classified as goodwill of which $70.9 million is deductible for income tax purposes. Approximately $81.2 million of the purchase price has been allocated to other intangible assets. These businesses are included in the Grocery & Snacks segment.
In September 2016, we acquired the operating assets of Frontera Foods, Inc. and Red Fork LLC, including the Frontera®, Red Fork®, and Salpica® brands. These businesses make authentic, gourmet Mexican food products and contemporary American cooking sauces. We acquired the businesses for $108.1 million in cash, net of cash acquired. Approximately $39.5 million has been classified as goodwill and $66.7 million has been classified as other intangible assets. The amount allocated to goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. These businesses are reflected principally within the Grocery & Snacks segment, and to a lesser extent within the Refrigerated & Frozen and International segments.
These acquisitions collectively contributed $31.0 million to net sales during the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
For each of these acquisitions, the amounts allocated to goodwill were primarily attributable to anticipated synergies, product portfolios, and other intangibles that do not qualify for separate recognition.
Under the acquisition method of accounting, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in these acquisitions were recorded at their respective estimated fair values at the date of acquisition.
Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Angie's Artisan Treats, LLC, maker of Angie's® BOOMCHICKAPOP® ready-to-eat popcorn, for a cash purchase price of $250 million, net of cash acquired and subject to working capital adjustments. The business will be primarily included in the Grocery & Snacks segment. The transaction is expected to close by the end of the calendar year, subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of any applicable regulatory approvals.


7




3. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS AND OTHER DIVESTITURES
Lamb Weston Spinoff
On November 9, 2016, we completed the Spinoff of our Lamb Weston business. As of such date, we did not beneficially own any equity interest in Lamb Weston and no longer consolidated Lamb Weston into our financial results. The business results were previously reported in the Commercial segment. We reflected the results of this business as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
The summary comparative financial results of the Lamb Weston business through the date of the Spinoff, included within discontinued operations, were as follows:
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27, 2017
 
August 28, 2016
Net sales
$

 
$
771.9

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before income taxes and equity method investment earnings
$
(0.3
)
 
$
128.8

Income (loss) before income taxes and equity method investment earnings
(0.3
)
 
128.8

Income tax expense (benefit)
(0.1
)
 
49.5

Equity method investment earnings

 
10.6

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax
(0.2
)
 
89.9

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
3.6

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc.
$
(0.2
)
 
$
86.3

For the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we incurred $9.8 million of expenses in connection with the Spinoff primarily related to professional fees and contract services associated with preparation of regulatory filings and separation activities. These expenses are reflected in income from discontinued operations.
In connection with the Spinoff, total assets of $2.28 billion and total liabilities of $2.98 billion (including debt of $2.46 billion) were transferred to Lamb Weston. As part of the consideration for the Spinoff, the Company received a cash payment from Lamb Weston in the amount of $823.5 million. See Note 5 for discussion of the debt-for-debt exchange related to the Spinoff.
We entered into a transition services agreement in connection with the Lamb Weston Spinoff and recognized $1.3 million of income for the performance of services during the first quarter of fiscal 2018, classified within selling, general and administrative expenses.
Private Brands Operations
On February 1, 2016, pursuant to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of November 1, 2015, we completed the disposition of our Private Brands operations to TreeHouse Foods, Inc. for $2.6 billion in cash on a debt-free basis. Included within discontinued operations for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was an after-tax loss of $0.1 million ($0.1 million pre-tax gain) related to the Private Brands operations. The first quarter of fiscal 2017 included after-tax income of $1.5 million ($0.8 million pre-tax).
We entered into a transition services agreement with TreeHouse Foods, Inc. and recognized $1.7 million and $6.1 million of income for the performance of services during the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively, classified within selling, general and administrative expenses.
Other Divestitures
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, we announced the agreement to sell our Wesson® oil business, which is part of our Grocery & Snacks segment, to The J.M. Smucker Company ("Smucker"). The transaction is subject to certain customary closing conditions, including the termination or expiration of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the "HSR Act"). On August 28, 2017, Smucker and the Company each received a request for additional information under the HSR Act (a "second request") from the U.S. Federal Trade Commission ("FTC") in connection with the FTC's review of the transaction. Issuance of the second request extends the waiting period under the HSR Act until 30 days after both the Company and Smucker have substantially complied with the request, unless the waiting period is terminated earlier by the FTC. The agreement for the sale of the Wesson oil business provides that, unless otherwise agreed upon by the Company and Smucker, if the closing of the transaction has not occurred on or prior to March 31, 2018 because HSR approval has not been received as of such date, then either party may terminate the agreement. The parties are cooperating fully with the FTC as it conducts its review of the transaction. We expect to realize net proceeds of approximately $285 million from the sale. The assets of this business have been reclassified as assets held for sale within our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented.

8




The assets classified as held for sale reflected in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets related to the Wesson® oil business were as follows:
 
August 27, 2017
 
May 28, 2017
Current assets
$
39.2

 
$
35.5

Noncurrent assets (including goodwill of $74.5 million)
95.5

 
95.5

During the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed the sales of our Spicetec Flavors & Seasonings business ("Spicetec") and our JM Swank business, each of which was part of our Commercial segment, for $327.0 million and $159.3 million, respectively, in cash, net of cash included in the dispositions. We received an additional $2.7 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2017 related to working capital adjustments. We recognized pre-tax gains from the sales of $145.0 million and $53.2 million, respectively, in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.
In addition, we are actively marketing certain other long-lived assets. These assets have been reclassified as assets held for sale within our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for all periods presented. The balance of these noncurrent assets classified as held for sale was $5.0 million and $11.6 million within our Corporate segment at August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, respectively.

4. RESTRUCTURING ACTIVITIES
Supply Chain and Administrative Efficiency Plan
In May 2013, we announced the Supply Chain and Administrative Efficiency Plan (the "SCAE Plan"), our plan to integrate and restructure the operations of our Private Brands business, improve selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") effectiveness and efficiencies, and optimize our supply chain network, manufacturing assets, dry distribution centers, and mixing centers. In the second quarter of fiscal 2016, we announced plans to realize efficiency benefits by reducing SG&A expenses and enhancing trade spend processes and tools, which plans were included as part of the SCAE Plan. Although we divested the Private Brands business, we have continued to implement the SCAE Plan, including by working to optimize our supply chain network, pursue cost reductions through our SG&A functions, enhance trade spend processes and tools, and improve productivity.
Although we remain unable to make good faith estimates relating to the entire SCAE Plan, we are reporting on actions initiated through the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, including the estimated amounts or range of amounts for each major type of costs expected to be incurred, and the charges that have resulted or will result in cash outflows. As of August 27, 2017, our Board of Directors has approved the incurrence of up to $900.9 million of expenses in connection with the SCAE Plan, including expenses allocated for the Private Brands and Lamb Weston operations. We have incurred or expect to incur approximately $450.1 million of charges ($303.3 million of cash charges and $146.8 million of non-cash charges) for actions identified to date under the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations. In the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, we recognized charges of $11.4 million and $14.1 million, respectively, in relation to the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations. We expect to incur costs related to the SCAE Plan over a multi-year period.
We anticipate that we will recognize the following pre-tax expenses in association with the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations (amounts include charges recognized from plan inception through the first quarter of fiscal 2018):
 
Grocery & Snacks
 
Refrigerated & Frozen
 
International
 
Foodservice
 
Corporate
 
Total
Pension costs
$
32.9

 
$
1.5

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
34.4

Accelerated depreciation
33.7

 
18.6

 

 

 
1.2

 
53.5

Other cost of goods sold
9.2

 
2.1

 

 

 

 
11.3

    Total cost of goods sold
75.8

 
22.2

 

 

 
1.2

 
99.2

Severance and related costs, net
26.9

 
10.3

 
2.5

 
7.9

 
102.1

 
149.7

Fixed asset impairment (net of gains on disposal)
7.4

 
6.9

 

 

 
11.2

 
25.5

Accelerated depreciation

 

 

 

 
4.4

 
4.4

Contract/lease cancellation expenses
0.8

 
0.6

 
0.6

 

 
72.6

 
74.6

Consulting/professional fees
0.9

 
0.4

 
0.1

 

 
52.7

 
54.1

Other selling, general and administrative expenses
15.0

 
3.2

 

 

 
24.4

 
42.6

    Total selling, general and administrative expenses
51.0

 
21.4

 
3.2

 
7.9

 
267.4

 
350.9

        Consolidated total
$
126.8

 
$
43.6

 
$
3.2

 
$
7.9

 
$
268.6

 
$
450.1


9




During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we recognized the following pre-tax expenses for the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations:
 
Grocery & Snacks
 
Corporate
 
Total
Accelerated depreciation
$
1.2

 
$

 
$
1.2

Other cost of goods sold
1.1

 

 
1.1

    Total cost of goods sold
2.3

 

 
2.3

Severance and related costs, net
2.0

 

 
2.0

Fixed asset impairment (net of gains on disposal)
0.1

 
4.4

 
4.5

Accelerated depreciation

 
0.6

 
0.6

Consulting/professional fees

 
0.2

 
0.2

Other selling, general and administrative expenses
1.8

 

 
1.8

    Total selling, general and administrative expenses
3.9

 
5.2

 
9.1

        Consolidated total
$
6.2

 
$
5.2

 
$
11.4

Included in the above table are $4.8 million of charges that have resulted or will result in cash outflows and $6.6 million in non-cash charges.
We recognized the following cumulative (plan inception to August 27, 2017) pre-tax expenses related to the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings:
 
Grocery & Snacks
 
Refrigerated & Frozen
 
International
 
Foodservice
 
Corporate
 
Total
Pension costs
$
32.9

 
$
1.5

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
34.4

Accelerated depreciation
32.2

 
18.6

 

 

 
1.2

 
52.0

Other cost of goods sold
6.1

 
2.1

 

 

 

 
8.2

    Total cost of goods sold
71.2

 
22.2

 

 

 
1.2

 
94.6

Severance and related costs, net
25.9

 
10.3

 
2.5

 
7.9

 
101.5

 
148.1

Fixed asset impairment (net of gains on disposal)
7.4

 
6.9

 

 

 
11.2

 
25.5

Accelerated depreciation

 

 

 

 
3.2

 
3.2

Contract/lease cancellation expenses
0.8

 
0.6

 
0.6

 

 
71.3

 
73.3

Consulting/professional fees
0.9

 
0.4

 
0.1

 

 
51.4

 
52.8

Other selling, general and administrative expenses
13.0

 
3.2

 

 

 
20.0

 
36.2

    Total selling, general and administrative expenses
48.0

 
21.4

 
3.2

 
7.9

 
258.6

 
339.1

        Consolidated total
$
119.2

 
$
43.6

 
$
3.2

 
$
7.9

 
$
259.8

 
$
433.7

Included in the above results are $290.3 million of charges that have resulted or will result in cash outflows and $143.4 million in non-cash charges. Not included in the above results are $130.2 million of pre-tax expenses ($84.5 million of cash charges and $45.7 million of non-cash charges) related to the Private Brands operations, which we sold in the third quarter of fiscal 2016, and $2.1 million of pre-tax expenses (all resulting in cash charges) related to Lamb Weston.

10




Liabilities recorded for the SCAE Plan related to our continuing operations and changes therein for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were as follows:
 
Balance at May 28, 2017
 
Costs Incurred
and Charged
to Expense
 
Costs Paid
or  Otherwise Settled
 
Changes in Estimates
 
Balance at August 27, 2017
Pension costs
$
31.8

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
31.8

Severance and related costs
13.8

 
2.3

 
(4.4
)
 
(0.3
)
 
11.4

Consulting/professional fees
0.6

 
0.2

 
(0.6
)
 

 
0.2

Contract/lease cancellation
11.6

 

 
(1.7
)
 

 
9.9

Other costs
1.9

 
2.7

 
(3.2
)
 

 
1.4

Total
$
59.7

 
$
5.2

 
$
(9.9
)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$
54.7


5. LONG-TERM DEBT AND REVOLVING CREDIT FACILITY

At August 27, 2017, we had a revolving credit facility (the "Facility") with a syndicate of financial institutions that provides for a maximum aggregate principal amount outstanding at any one time of $1.25 billion (subject to increase to a maximum aggregate principal amount of $1.75 billion with the consent of the lenders). As of August 27, 2017, we were in compliance with all financial covenants under the Facility.
During the third quarter of fiscal 2017, we repaid the remaining principal balance of $224.8 million of our 5.819% senior notes due 2017 and $248.2 million principal amount of our 7.0% senior notes due 2019, in each case prior to maturity, resulting in a net loss on early retirement of debt of $32.7 million.
In connection with the Spinoff (see Note 3), Lamb Weston issued to us $1.54 billion aggregate principal amount of senior notes (the "Lamb Weston notes"). On November 9, 2016, we exchanged the Lamb Weston notes for $250.2 million aggregate principal amount of our 5.819% senior notes due 2017, $880.4 million aggregate principal amount of our 1.9% senior notes due 2018, $154.9 million aggregate principal amount of our 2.1% senior notes due 2018, $86.9 million aggregate principal amount of our 7.0% senior notes due 2019, and $71.1 million aggregate principal amount of our 4.95% senior notes due 2020 (collectively, the "Conagra notes"), which had been purchased in the open market by certain investment banks prior to the Spinoff. Following the exchange, we cancelled the Conagra notes. These actions resulted in a net loss of $60.6 million as a cost of early retirement of debt.
During the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we repaid the entire principal balance of $550.0 million of our floating rate notes on the maturity date of July 21, 2016.
Net interest expense from continuing operations consists of:
 
Thirteen weeks ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Long-term debt
$
38.1

 
$
60.9

Short-term debt
0.4

 
0.2

Interest income
(0.9
)
 
(0.7
)
Interest capitalized
(1.2
)
 
(2.2
)
 
$
36.4

 
$
58.2


6. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
Variable Interest Entities Not Consolidated
We have variable interests in certain entities that we have determined to be variable interest entities, but for which we are not the primary beneficiary. We do not consolidate the financial statements of these entities.
We lease certain office buildings from entities that we have determined to be variable interest entities. The lease agreements with these entities include fixed-price purchase options for the assets being leased. The lease agreements also contain contingent put options (the "lease put options") that allow the lessors to require us to purchase the buildings at the greater of original construction cost, or fair

11




market value, without a lease agreement in place (the "put price") in certain limited circumstances. As a result of substantial impairment charges related to our divested Private Brands operations, these lease put options are exercisable now and remain exercisable until generally 30 days after the end of the respective lease agreements. We are amortizing the difference between the put price and the estimated fair value (without a lease agreement in place) of each respective property over the remaining respective lease term within selling, general and administrative expenses. As of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, the estimated amount by which the put prices exceeded the fair values of the related properties was $51.8 million, of which we had accrued $9.3 million and $8.4 million, respectively. As these buildings are worth considerably more when under lease agreements than when vacant, we may be able to mitigate some, or all, of the financial exposure created by the put options by maintaining active lease agreements and/or by subleasing the buildings to credit worthy tenants. We do not expect to ultimately incur material financial losses as a result of the potential exercise of the lease put options by the lessors. These leases are accounted for as operating leases, and accordingly, there are no material assets or liabilities, other than the accrued portion of the put price, associated with these entities included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We have determined that we do not have the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of these entities. In making this determination, we have considered, among other items, the terms of the lease agreements, the expected remaining useful lives of the assets leased, and the capital structure of the lessor entities.

7. GOODWILL AND OTHER IDENTIFIABLE INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The change in the carrying amount of goodwill for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was as follows:
 
Grocery & Snacks
 
Refrigerated & Frozen
 
International
 
Foodservice
 
Total
Balance as of May 28, 2017
$
2,439.1

 
$
1,037.3

 
$
253.6

 
$
571.1

 
$
4,301.1

Purchase accounting adjustments
(1.4
)
 

 

 

 
(1.4
)
Currency translation

 
0.9

 
1.1

 

 
2.0

Balance as of August 27, 2017
$
2,437.7

 
$
1,038.2

 
$
254.7

 
$
571.1

 
$
4,301.7

Other identifiable intangible assets were as follows:
 
August 27, 2017
 
May 28, 2017
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Non-amortizing intangible assets
$
835.6

 
$

 
$
834.1

 
$

Amortizing intangible assets
577.3

 
189.3

 
575.4

 
180.2

 
$
1,412.9

 
$
189.3

 
$
1,409.5

 
$
180.2

In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, in anticipation of the Spinoff, we changed our reporting segments. In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, we were required to determine new reporting units at a lower level (at the operating segment or one level lower, as applicable). When such a determination was made, we were required to perform a goodwill impairment analysis for each of the new reporting units.
We performed an assessment of impairment of goodwill for the new Canadian reporting unit within the new International reporting segment. Estimating the fair value of individual reporting units requires us to make assumptions and estimates regarding our future plans and future industry and economic conditions. We estimated the future cash flows of the Canadian reporting unit and calculated the net present value of those estimated cash flows using a risk adjusted discount rate, in order to estimate the fair value of each reporting unit from the perspective of a market participant. We used discount rates and terminal growth rates of 7.5% and 2%, respectively, to calculate the present value of estimated future cash flows. We then compared the estimated fair value of the reporting unit to the historical carrying value (including allocated assets and liabilities of certain shared and Corporate functions), and determined that the fair value of the reporting unit was less than the carrying value in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. With the assistance of a third-party valuation specialist, we estimated the fair value of the assets and liabilities of this reporting unit in order to determine the implied fair value of goodwill. We recognized an impairment charge for the difference between the implied fair value of goodwill and the carrying value of goodwill. Accordingly, during the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we recorded charges totaling $139.2 million for the impairment of goodwill.
As part of the assessment of the fair value of each asset and liability within the Canadian reporting unit, with the assistance of the third-party valuation specialist, we estimated the fair value of our Canadian Del Monte® brand to be less than its carrying value. In accordance with applicable accounting guidance, we recognized an impairment charge of $24.4 million to write-down the intangible asset to its estimated fair value.
Non-amortizing intangible assets are comprised of brands and trademarks.

12




Amortizing intangible assets, carrying a remaining weighted average life of approximately 14 years, are principally composed of customer relationships, licensing arrangements, and acquired intellectual property. Amortization expense was $8.6 million and $8.4 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively. Based on amortizing assets recognized in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of August 27, 2017, amortization expense is estimated to average $33.4 million for each of the next five years.

8. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
Our operations are exposed to market risks from adverse changes in commodity prices affecting the cost of raw materials and energy, foreign currency exchange rates, and interest rates. In the normal course of business, these risks are managed through a variety of strategies, including the use of derivatives.
Commodity and commodity index futures and option contracts are used from time to time to economically hedge commodity input prices on items such as natural gas, vegetable oils, proteins, packaging materials, dairy, grains, and electricity. Generally, we economically hedge a portion of our anticipated consumption of commodity inputs for periods of up to 36 months. We may enter into longer-term economic hedges on particular commodities, if deemed appropriate. As of August 27, 2017, we had economically hedged certain portions of our anticipated consumption of commodity inputs using derivative instruments with expiration dates through May 2018.
In order to reduce exposures related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, we enter into forward exchange, option, or swap contracts from time to time for transactions denominated in a currency other than the applicable functional currency. This includes, but is not limited to, hedging against foreign currency risk in purchasing inventory and capital equipment, sales of finished goods, and future settlement of foreign-denominated assets and liabilities. As of August 27, 2017, we had economically hedged certain portions of our foreign currency risk in anticipated transactions using derivative instruments with expiration dates through May 2018.
From time to time, we may use derivative instruments, including interest rate swaps, to reduce risk related to changes in interest rates. This includes, but is not limited to, hedging against increasing interest rates prior to the issuance of long-term debt and hedging the fair value of our senior long-term debt.
Economic Hedges of Forecasted Cash Flows
Many of our derivatives do not qualify for, and we do not currently designate certain commodity or foreign currency derivatives to achieve, hedge accounting treatment. We reflect realized and unrealized gains and losses from derivatives used to economically hedge anticipated commodity consumption and to mitigate foreign currency cash flow risk in earnings immediately within general corporate expense (within cost of goods sold). The gains and losses are reclassified to segment operating results in the period in which the underlying item being economically hedged is recognized in cost of goods sold. In the event that management determines a particular derivative entered into as an economic hedge of a forecasted commodity purchase has ceased to function as an economic hedge, we cease recognizing further gains and losses on such derivatives in corporate expense and begin recognizing such gains and losses within segment operating results, immediately.
Economic Hedges of Fair Values — Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
We may use options and cross currency swaps to economically hedge the fair value of certain monetary assets and liabilities (including intercompany balances) denominated in a currency other than the functional currency. These derivatives are marked-to-market with gains and losses immediately recognized in selling, general and administrative expenses. These substantially offset the foreign currency transaction gains or losses recognized as values of the monetary assets or liabilities being economically hedged change.
All derivative instruments are recognized on our balance sheets at fair value (refer to Note 16 for additional information related to fair value measurements). The fair value of derivative assets is recognized within prepaid expenses and other current assets, while the fair value of derivative liabilities is recognized within other accrued liabilities. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we offset certain derivative asset and liability balances, as well as certain amounts representing rights to reclaim cash collateral and obligations to return cash collateral, where master netting agreements provide for legal right of setoff. At May 28, 2017, $0.9 million representing a right to reclaim cash collateral was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Derivative assets and liabilities and amounts representing a right to reclaim cash collateral or an obligation to return cash collateral were reflected in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
 
August 27,
2017
 
May 28,
2017
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
4.1

 
$
2.3

Other accrued liabilities
6.3

 
1.3


13




The following table presents our derivative assets and liabilities, at August 27, 2017, on a gross basis, prior to the setoff of $1.3 million to total derivative assets and $1.3 million to total derivative liabilities where legal right of setoff existed:
 
Derivative Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
Commodity contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
5.1

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
1.4

Foreign exchange contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
0.3

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
6.1

Other
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
0.1

Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$
5.4

 
 
 
$
7.6

The following table presents our derivative assets and liabilities at May 28, 2017, on a gross basis, prior to the setoff of $0.5 million to total derivative assets and $1.4 million to total derivative liabilities where legal right of setoff existed:
 
Derivative Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
Commodity contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
2.6

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
1.4

Foreign exchange contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
0.2

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
1.1

Other
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 

 
Other accrued liabilities
 
0.2

Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
$
2.8

 
 
 
$
2.7

The location and amount of gain (loss) from derivatives not designated as hedging instruments in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings were as follows:
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments
 
Location in Condensed Consolidated Statement of Earnings of
Gain (Loss) Recognized on Derivatives
 
Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized on Derivatives
in Condensed Consolidated
Statement of Earnings for
the Thirteen Weeks Ended
August 27, 2017
 
August 28, 2016
Commodity contracts
 
Cost of goods sold
 
$
0.6

 
$
(0.4
)
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Cost of goods sold
 
(8.0
)
 
0.1

Foreign exchange contracts
 
Selling, general and administrative expense
 
0.3

 
(1.2
)
Total loss from derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
$
(7.1
)
 
$
(1.5
)
As of August 27, 2017, our open commodity contracts had a notional value (defined as notional quantity times market value per notional quantity unit) of $86.6 million and $66.5 million for purchase and sales contracts, respectively. As of May 28, 2017, our open commodity contracts had a notional value of $76.8 million and $73.4 million for purchase and sales contracts, respectively. The notional amount of our foreign currency forward contracts as of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017 was $79.6 million and $81.9 million, respectively.
We enter into certain commodity, interest rate, and foreign exchange derivatives with a diversified group of counterparties. We continually monitor our positions and the credit ratings of the counterparties involved and limit the amount of credit exposure to any one party. These transactions may expose us to potential losses due to the risk of nonperformance by these counterparties. We have not incurred a material loss due to nonperformance in any period presented and do not expect to incur any such material loss. We also enter into futures and options transactions through various regulated exchanges.
At August 27, 2017, the maximum amount of loss due to the credit risk of the counterparties, had the counterparties failed to perform according to the terms of the contracts, was $0.3 million.

14





9. SHARE-BASED PAYMENTS
For the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, we recognized total stock-based compensation expense (including stock options, restricted stock units, cash-settled restricted stock units, and performance shares) of $6.4 million and $14.8 million, respectively. These amounts are inclusive of discontinued operations. Included in the total stock-based compensation expense for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017 was expense of $0.3 million and income of $0.1 million, respectively, related to stock options granted by a subsidiary in the subsidiary's shares to the subsidiary's employees. For the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we granted 0.8 million restricted stock units at a weighted average grant date price of $34.10 and 0.5 million performance shares at a weighted average grant date price of $33.82.
Performance shares are granted to selected executives and other key employees with vesting contingent upon meeting various Company-wide performance goals. The performance goal for one-third of the target number of performance shares for the performance period ending in fiscal 2018 (the "2018 performance period") is based upon an overarching earnings per share goal (for certain participants) and, for all participants, our fiscal 2016 earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization ("EBITDA") return on capital. Another one-third of the target number of performance shares granted for the 2018 performance period is based on an overarching earnings per share goal (for certain participants) and our fiscal 2017 EBITDA return on capital. The fiscal 2017 EBITDA return on capital target, when set, excluded the results of Lamb Weston. The performance goal for the last one-third of the target number of performance shares granted for the 2018 performance period is based upon our fiscal 2018 diluted earnings per share ("EPS") compound annual growth rate ("CAGR").
The performance goal for one-third of the target number of performance shares for the performance period ending in fiscal 2019 (the "2019 performance period") is based upon an overarching earnings per share goal (for certain participants) and our fiscal 2017 EBITDA return on capital. The fiscal 2017 EBITDA return on capital target, when set, excluded the results of Lamb Weston. The performance goal for the final two-thirds of the target number of performance shares granted for the 2019 performance period is based upon our diluted EPS CAGR, measured over the two-year period ending in fiscal 2019.
The performance goal for the performance period ending in fiscal 2020 is based upon our diluted EPS CAGR, measured over the defined performance period.
Awards, if earned, will be paid in shares of our common stock. Subject to limited exceptions set forth in the performance share plan, any shares earned will be distributed after the end of the performance period, and only if the participant continues to be employed with the Company through the date of distribution. For awards where performance against the performance target has not been certified, the value of the performance shares is adjusted based upon the market price of our common stock and current forecasted performance against the performance targets at the end of each reporting period and amortized as compensation expense over the vesting period.

10. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is calculated on the basis of weighted average outstanding common shares. Diluted earnings per share is computed on the basis of basic weighted average outstanding common shares adjusted for the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock unit awards, and other dilutive securities.
The following table reconciles the income and average share amounts used to compute both basic and diluted earnings per share:
 
Thirteen weeks ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Net income available to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders:
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
152.8

 
$
98.4

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
(0.3
)
 
87.8

Net income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
152.5

 
$
186.2

Less: Increase in redemption value of noncontrolling interests in excess of earnings allocated

 
0.5

Net income available to Conagra Brands, Inc. common stockholders
$
152.5

 
$
185.7

Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
415.1

 
439.0

Add: Dilutive effect of stock options, restricted stock unit awards, and other dilutive securities
4.1

 
3.7

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
419.2

 
442.7


15




For the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, there were 1.3 million and 0.7 million stock options outstanding, respectively, that were excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares because the effect was antidilutive.

11. INVENTORIES
The major classes of inventories were as follows: 
 
August 27,
2017
 
May 28,
2017
Raw materials and packaging
$
203.8

 
$
182.1

Work in process
96.1

 
91.9

Finished goods
721.2

 
612.9

Supplies and other
47.7

 
47.3

Total
$
1,068.8

 
$
934.2



12. INCOME TAXES
Income tax expense from continuing operations for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017 was $120.0 million and $169.2 million, respectively. The effective tax rate (calculated as the ratio of income tax expense to pre-tax income from continuing operations, inclusive of equity method investment earnings) from continuing operations was 43.9% and 63.2% for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively.  
The effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflects additional tax expense related to the planned repatriation of cash from foreign subsidiaries and the tax expense related to undistributed foreign earnings for which the indefinite reinvestment assertion is no longer made.
The effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 reflects the following:
an income tax benefit allowed upon the vesting/exercise of employee stock compensation awards by our employees, beyond that which is attributable to the original fair value of the awards upon the date of grant,
additional tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 associated with non-deductible goodwill sold in connection with the dispositions of the Spicetec and JM Swank businesses, and
additional tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 associated with non-deductible goodwill, for which an impairment charge was recognized.
The amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits for uncertain tax positions, including positions impacting only the timing of tax benefits, was $37.7 million as of August 27, 2017 and $39.3 million as of May 28, 2017. There were no balances included as of either August 27, 2017 or May 28, 2017, for tax positions for which the ultimate deductibility is highly certain but for which there is uncertainty about the timing of such deductibility. The gross unrecognized tax benefits excluded related liabilities for gross interest and penalties of $5.8 million and $6.0 million as of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, respectively.
The net amount of unrecognized tax benefits at August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017 that, if recognized, would impact the Company's effective tax rate was $30.7 million and $31.6 million, respectively. Recognition of these tax benefits would have a favorable impact on the Company's effective tax rate.
We estimate that it is reasonably possible that the amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by up to $16.7 million over the next twelve months due to various federal, state, and foreign audit settlements and the expiration of statutes of limitations.
As of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, we had a deferred tax asset of $1.09 billion and $1.08 billion, respectively, that was generated from the capital loss realized on the sale of the Private Brands operations with corresponding valuation allowances of $994.3 million and $990.9 million, respectively, to reflect the uncertainty regarding the ultimate realization of the tax asset. During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the balance of the deferred tax asset was adjusted for the impact of state law changes, realization of certain tax attributes, and the settlement of certain tax indemnity claims under the contract terms of the Private Brands sale.
Historically, we have not provided U.S. deferred taxes on the cumulative undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries. During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we decided to repatriate certain cash balances currently held in Italy, Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg due to the timing of cash flows in connection with certain business acquisition and divestiture activity, as well as forecasted levels of short-term borrowings. We expect to repatriate approximately $154.8 million during the second quarter of fiscal

16


2018. The planned cash repatriation will result in the repatriation of approximately $115.0 million in previously undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries. As a result of this decision, we have recognized $12.2 million of income tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
In conjunction with this planned repatriation, we have determined that additional previously undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries no longer meets the requirements for indefinite reinvestment under applicable accounting guidance and, therefore, recognized an additional $11.3 million of income tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
An additional $4.3 million of income tax expense was recognized in the first quarter of fiscal 2018, primarily related to a valuation allowance on foreign tax credits generated in prior periods.
We continue to believe the remaining undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries, after taking into account the above transactions, are indefinitely reinvested and therefore have not provided any additional U.S. deferred taxes.

13. CONTINGENCIES
    
In fiscal 1991, we acquired Beatrice Company ("Beatrice"). As a result of the acquisition of Beatrice and the significant pre-acquisition contingencies of the Beatrice businesses and its former subsidiaries, our condensed consolidated post-acquisition financial statements reflect liabilities associated with the estimated resolution of these contingencies. Such liabilities include various litigation and environmental proceedings related to businesses divested by Beatrice prior to our acquisition of Beatrice. The litigation proceedings include suits against a number of lead paint and pigment manufacturers, including ConAgra Grocery Products Company, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company ("ConAgra Grocery Products"), and the Company as alleged successors to W. P. Fuller Co., a lead paint and pigment manufacturer owned and operated by Beatrice until 1967. Although decisions favorable to us have been rendered in Rhode Island, New Jersey, Wisconsin, and Ohio, we remain a defendant in active suits in Illinois and California. The Illinois suit seeks class-wide relief for reimbursement of costs associated with the testing of lead levels in blood. In California, a number of cities and counties joined in a consolidated action seeking abatement of the alleged public nuisance. On September 23, 2013, a trial of the California case concluded in the Superior Court of California for the County of Santa Clara, and on January 27, 2014, the court entered a judgment (the "Judgment") against ConAgra Grocery Products and two other defendants ordering the creation of a California abatement fund in the amount of $1.15 billion. Liability is joint and several. The Company believes ConAgra Grocery Products did not inherit any liabilities of W. P. Fuller Co. The Company will continue to vigorously defend itself in this case and has appealed the Judgment to the Court of Appeal of the State of California Sixth Appellate District. The Company expects the appeals process to last several years. The absence of any linkage between ConAgra Grocery Products and W. P. Fuller Co. is a critical issue (among others) that the Company will continue to advance throughout the appeals process. It is not possible to estimate exposure in this case or the remaining case in Illinois, which is based on different legal theories. If ultimately necessary, the Company will look to its insurance policies for coverage; its carriers are on notice. However, the extent of insurance coverage is uncertain, and the Company cannot absolutely assure that the final resolution of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.
The current environmental proceedings associated with Beatrice include litigation and administrative proceedings involving Beatrice's possible status as a potentially responsible party at approximately 40 Superfund, proposed Superfund, or state-equivalent sites (the "Beatrice sites"). These sites involve locations previously owned or operated by predecessors of Beatrice that used or produced petroleum, pesticides, fertilizers, dyes, inks, solvents, PCBs, acids, lead, sulfur, tannery wastes, and/or other contaminants. In the past five years, Beatrice has paid or is in the process of paying its liability share at 31 of these sites. Reserves for these Beatrice environmental proceedings have been established based on our best estimate of the undiscounted remediation liabilities, which estimates include evaluation of investigatory studies, extent of required clean-up, the known volumetric contribution of Beatrice and other potentially responsible parties, and its experience in remediating sites. The accrual for Beatrice-related environmental matters totaled $53.1 million as of August 27, 2017, a majority of which relates to the Superfund and state-equivalent sites referenced above. During the third quarter of fiscal 2017, a final Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study was submitted for the Wells G&H-Southwest Properties Superfund site, which is one of the Beatrice sites. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (the "EPA") has issued a proposed plan for remediation that is currently open for public comment, will issue a Record of Decision for this site shortly, and will subsequently enter into negotiations with potentially responsible parties to determine a final Remedial Design/Remedial Action plan for the site. The accrual for Wells G&H-Southwest Properties Superfund site totaled $1.1 million as of August 27, 2017, which was included in the total accrual for Beatrice-related environmental matters referenced above.
In June 2009, an accidental explosion occurred at our manufacturing facility in Garner, North Carolina. This facility was the primary production facility for our Slim Jim® branded meat snacks. In June 2009, the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives announced its determination that the explosion was the result of an accidental natural gas release and not a deliberate act. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, we settled our property and business interruption claims related to the Garner accident with our insurance providers. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. ("Jacobs"), our engineer and project manager at the site, filed a declaratory judgment action against us seeking indemnity for personal injury claims brought against it as a result of the accident. During the first quarter of fiscal 2012, our motion for summary judgment was granted and the suit was dismissed without

17




prejudice on the basis that the suit was filed prematurely. In the third quarter of fiscal 2014, Jacobs refiled its action seeking indemnity. On March 25, 2016, a Douglas County jury in Nebraska rendered a verdict in favor of Jacobs and against us in the amount of $108.9 million plus post-judgment interest. We filed our Notice of Appeal in September 2016. The appeal will be decided directly by the Nebraska Supreme Court. Although our insurance carriers have provided customary notices of reservation of their rights under the policies of insurance, we expect any ultimate exposure in this case to be limited to the applicable insurance deductible.
We are party to a number of putative class action lawsuits challenging various product claims made in the Company's product labeling. These matters include Briseno v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., in which it is alleged that the labeling for Wesson® oils as 100% natural is false and misleading because the oils contain genetically modified plants and organisms. In February 2015, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California granted class certification to permit plaintiffs to pursue state law claims. The Company appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which affirmed class certification in January 2017. The Company has sought further review by the United States Supreme Court. While we cannot predict with certainty the results of this or any other legal proceeding, we do not expect this matter to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or business.
In certain limited situations, we guarantee obligations of the Lamb Weston business pursuant to guarantee arrangements that existed prior to the Spinoff and remained in place following completion of the Spinoff until such guarantee obligations are substituted for guarantees issued by Lamb Weston. Such guarantee arrangements are described below. Pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, dated as of November 8, 2016 (the "Separation Agreement"), between us and Lamb Weston, these guarantee arrangements are deemed liabilities of Lamb Weston that were transferred to Lamb Weston as part of the Spinoff. Accordingly, in the event that we are required to make any payments as a result of these guarantee arrangements, Lamb Weston is obligated to indemnify us for any such liability, reduced by any insurance proceeds received by us, in accordance with the terms of the indemnification provisions under the Separation Agreement.
Lamb Weston is a party to a warehouse services agreement with a third-party warehouse provider through July 2035. Under this agreement, Lamb Weston is required to make payments for warehouse services based on the quantity of goods stored and other service factors. We have guaranteed the warehouse provider that we will make the payments required under the agreement in the event that Lamb Weston fails to perform. Minimum payments of $1.5 million per month are required under this agreement. It is not possible to determine the maximum amount of the payment obligations under this agreement. Upon completion of the Spinoff, we recognized a liability for the estimated fair value of this guarantee. As of August 27, 2017, the amount of this guarantee, recorded in other noncurrent liabilities, was $29.3 million.
Lamb Weston is a party to an agricultural sublease agreement with a third party for certain farmland through 2020 (subject, at Lamb Weston's option, to extension for two additional five-year periods). Under the terms of the sublease agreement, Lamb Weston is required to make certain rental payments to the sublessor. We have guaranteed the sublessor Lamb Weston's performance and the payment of all amounts (including indemnification obligations) owed by Lamb Weston under the sublease agreement, up to a maximum of $75.0 million. We believe the farmland associated with this sublease agreement is readily marketable for lease to other area farming operators. As such, we believe that any financial exposure to the company, in the event that we were required to perform under the guaranty, would be largely mitigated.
We lease certain office buildings from entities that we have determined to be variable interest entities. The lease agreements contain put options exercisable now and remain exercisable until generally 30 days after the end of the respective lease agreements, that allow the lessors to require us to purchase the buildings at the greater of original construction cost, or fair market value, without a lease in place. We have financial exposure with respect to these entities in the event we are required to purchase the leased buildings for a price in excess of the then current fair value under the applicable lease purchase options. We are amortizing the difference between the put price and the estimated fair value (without a lease agreement in place) of each respective property over the remaining respective lease term within selling, general and administrative expenses. As of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, the estimated amount by which the put prices exceeded the fair values of the related properties was $51.8 million, of which we had accrued $9.3 million and $8.4 million, respectively. As these buildings are worth considerably more when under lease agreements than when vacant, we may be able to mitigate some, or all, of the related financial exposure created by the put options by maintaining active lease agreements and/or by subleasing the buildings to credit worthy tenants. We do not expect to ultimately incur material financial losses as a result of the potential exercise of the lease put options by the lessors.
We are party to a number of matters challenging the Company's wage and hour practices. These matters include a number of putative class actions consolidated under the caption Negrete v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., et al, pending in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, in which the plaintiffs allege a pattern of violations of California and/or federal law at several current and former Company manufacturing facilities across the State of California. While we cannot predict with certainty the results of this or any other legal proceeding, we do not expect this matter to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or business.
After taking into account liabilities recognized for all of the foregoing matters, management believes the ultimate resolution of such matters should not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity. It is reasonably possible

18




that a change of the estimates of any of the foregoing matters may occur in the future and, as noted, while unlikely, the lead paint matter could result in a material final judgment. Costs of legal services associated with the foregoing matters are recognized in earnings as services are provided.

14. PENSION AND POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
We have defined benefit retirement plans ("plans") for eligible salaried and hourly employees. Benefits are based on years of credited service and average compensation or stated amounts for each year of service. We also sponsor postretirement plans which provide certain medical and dental benefits ("other postretirement benefits") to qualifying U.S. employees.
Components of pension benefit and other postretirement benefit costs are (includes amounts related to discontinued operations):
 
Pension Benefits
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Service cost
$
12.7

 
$
16.7

Interest cost
28.2

 
30.0

Expected return on plan assets
(54.2
)
 
(53.8
)
Amortization of prior service cost
0.7

 
0.6

Benefit cost (benefit) — Company plans
(12.6
)
 
(6.5
)
Pension benefit cost — multi-employer plans
1.5

 
2.3

Total benefit cost (benefit)
$
(11.1
)
 
$
(4.2
)
 
Postretirement Benefits
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Service cost
$

 
$

Interest cost
0.9

 
1.1

Amortization of prior service benefit
(0.8
)
 
(1.7
)
Recognized net actuarial loss

 
0.1

Total cost (benefit)
$
0.1

 
$
(0.5
)
The Company uses a split discount rate (spot-rate approach) for the U.S. plans and certain foreign plans. The spot-rate approach applies separate discount rates for each projected benefit payment in the calculation of pension service and interest cost.
The weighted-average discount rates for service and interest costs under the spot-rate approach used for pension benefit cost in fiscal 2018 were 4.19% and 3.26%, respectively.
During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we contributed $3.8 million to our pension plans and contributed $3.9 million to our other postretirement plans. Based upon the current funded status of the plans and the current interest rate environment, we anticipate making further contributions of approximately $9.1 million to our pension plans for the remainder of fiscal 2018. We anticipate making further contributions of $14.8 million to our other postretirement plans during the remainder of fiscal 2018. These estimates are based on ERISA guidelines, current tax laws, plan asset performance, and liability assumptions, which are subject to change.


19




15. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
The following table presents a reconciliation of our stockholders' equity accounts for the thirteen weeks ended August 27, 2017:
 
Conagra Brands, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Shares
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
Total
Equity
Balance at May 28, 2017
567.9

 
$
2,839.7

 
$
1,171.9

 
$
4,247.0

 
$
(212.9
)
 
$
(4,054.9
)
 
$
87.0

 
$
4,077.8

Stock option and incentive plans
 
 
 
 
(12.0
)
 
0.4

 
 
 
17.7

 
 
 
6.1

Spinoff of Lamb Weston
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.0

Currency translation adjustment, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31.5

 
 
 
1.0

 
32.5

Repurchase of common shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(300.0
)
 
 
 
(300.0
)
Unrealized gain on securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.2

 
 
 
 
 
0.2

Activities of noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.8

 
0.8

Dividends declared on common stock; $0.2125 per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
(88.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(88.3
)
Net income attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc.
 
 
 
 
 
 
152.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
152.5

Balance at August 27, 2017
567.9

 
$
2,839.7

 
$
1,159.9

 
$
4,312.6

 
$
(181.2
)
 
$
(4,337.2
)
 
$
88.8

 
$
3,882.6


16. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
FASB guidance establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy based upon the assumptions (inputs) used to price assets or liabilities. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1  — Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities,
Level 2  — Observable inputs other than those included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets, and
Level 3  — Unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions and best estimate of what inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
The fair values of our Level 2 derivative instruments were determined using valuation models that use market observable inputs including interest rate curves and both forward and spot prices for currencies and commodities. Derivative assets and liabilities included in Level 2 primarily represent commodity and foreign currency option and forward contracts.
The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, based upon the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall, as of August 27, 2017:
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Net Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets
$
3.8

 
$
0.3

 
$

 
$
4.1

Available-for-sale securities
3.8

 

 

 
3.8

Total assets
$
7.6

 
$
0.3

 
$

 
$
7.9

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$

 
$
6.3

 
$

 
$
6.3

Deferred compensation liabilities
50.5

 

 

 
50.5

Total liabilities
$
50.5

 
$
6.3

 
$

 
$
56.8


20




The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, based upon the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall, as of May 28, 2017: 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Net Value
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative assets
$
2.0

 
$
0.3

 
$

 
$
2.3

Available-for-sale securities
3.5

 

 

 
3.5

Total assets
$
5.5

 
$
0.3

 
$

 
$
5.8

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$

 
$
1.3

 
$

 
$
1.3

Deferred compensation liabilities
47.2

 

 

 
47.2

Total liabilities
$
47.2

 
$
1.3

 
$

 
$
48.5

Certain assets and liabilities, including long-lived assets, goodwill, asset retirement obligations, and cost and equity investments, are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.
During the first quarter of fiscal 2018, a charge of $4.7 million was recognized in the Corporate segment for the impairment of certain long-lived assets. The impairment was measured based upon the estimated sales price of the assets.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we recognized a goodwill impairment charge of $139.2 million in the International segment. See Note 7 for discussion of the methodology employed to measure this impairment. We also recognized an impairment of an indefinite-lived brand totaling $24.4 million in the International segment during the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The fair value of the brand was estimated using the "Relief From Royalty" method.
The carrying amount of long-term debt (including current installments) was $2.97 billion as of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017. Based on current market rates, the fair value of this debt (level 2 liabilities) at August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, was estimated at $3.34 billion and $3.32 billion, respectively.

17. BUSINESS SEGMENTS AND RELATED INFORMATION
We reflect our results of operations in five reporting segments: Grocery & Snacks, Refrigerated & Frozen, International, Foodservice, and Commercial.
In the second quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed the Spinoff of Lamb Weston. The Lamb Weston business had previously been included in the Commercial segment. The results of operations of the Lamb Weston business have been classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
The Grocery & Snacks reporting segment principally includes branded, shelf-stable food products sold in various retail channels in the United States.
The Refrigerated & Frozen reporting segment includes branded, temperature controlled food products sold in various retail channels in the United States.
The International reporting segment principally includes branded food products, in various temperature states, sold in various retail and foodservice channels outside of the United States.
The Foodservice reporting segment includes branded and customized food products, including meals, entrees, sauces and a variety of custom-manufactured culinary products packaged for sale to restaurants and other foodservice establishments in the United States.
The Commercial reporting segment included commercially branded and private label food and ingredients, which were sold primarily to commercial, restaurant, foodservice, food manufacturing, and industrial customers. The segment's primary food items included a variety of vegetable, spice, and frozen bakery goods, which were sold under brands such as Spicetec Flavors & Seasonings®. The Spicetec and JM Swank businesses were sold in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.
We do not aggregate operating segments when determining our reporting segments.

21




Intersegment sales have been recorded at amounts approximating market. Operating profit for each of the segments is based on net sales less all identifiable operating expenses. General corporate expense, net interest expense, and income taxes have been excluded from segment operations.
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Net sales
 
 
 
Grocery & Snacks
$
745.8

 
$
757.2

Refrigerated & Frozen
615.7

 
604.6

International
190.9

 
194.7

Foodservice
251.8

 
268.0

Commercial

 
71.1

Total net sales
$
1,804.2

 
$
1,895.6

Operating profit
 
 
 
Grocery & Snacks
$
176.2

 
$
180.5

Refrigerated & Frozen
101.9

 
92.2

International
18.9

 
(149.2
)
Foodservice
23.2

 
21.7

Commercial

 
203.3

Total operating profit
$
320.2

 
$
348.5

Equity method investment earnings
30.0

 
13.1

General corporate expense
40.2

 
35.6

Interest expense, net
36.4

 
58.2

Income tax expense
120.0

 
169.2

Income from continuing operations
$
153.6

 
$
98.6

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests of continuing operations
0.8

 
0.2

Income from continuing operations attributable to Conagra Brands, Inc.
$
152.8

 
$
98.4

Presentation of Derivative Gains (Losses) for Economic Hedges of Forecasted Cash Flows in Segment Results
Derivatives used to manage commodity price risk and foreign currency risk are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. We believe these derivatives provide economic hedges of certain forecasted transactions. As such, these derivatives are recognized at fair market value with realized and unrealized gains and losses recognized in general corporate expenses. The gains and losses are subsequently recognized in the operating results of the reporting segments in the period in which the underlying transaction being economically hedged is included in earnings. In the event that management determines a particular derivative entered into as an economic hedge of a forecasted commodity purchase has ceased to function as an economic hedge, we cease recognizing further gains and losses on such derivatives in corporate expense and begin recognizing such gains and losses within segment operating results, immediately.

22




The following table presents the net derivative gains (losses) from economic hedges of forecasted commodity consumption and the foreign currency risk of certain forecasted transactions, under this methodology:
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
 
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Net derivative losses incurred
$
(7.4
)
 
$
(0.3
)
Less: Net derivative losses allocated to reporting segments
(1.4
)
 
(1.0
)
Net derivative gains (losses) recognized in general corporate expenses
$
(6.0
)
 
$
0.7

Net derivative losses allocated to Grocery & Snacks
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(0.4
)
Net derivative losses allocated to Refrigerated & Frozen

 
(0.2
)
Net derivative losses allocated to International
(0.7
)
 

Net derivative losses allocated to Foodservice
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
Net derivative losses allocated to Commercial

 
(0.1
)
Net derivative losses included in segment operating profit
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(1.0
)
As of August 27, 2017, the cumulative amount of net derivative losses from economic hedges that had been recognized in general corporate expenses and not yet allocated to reporting segments was $9.0 million. This amount reflected net losses of $6.8 million incurred during the thirteen weeks ended August 27, 2017, as well as net losses of $2.2 million incurred prior to fiscal 2018. Based on our forecasts of the timing of recognition of the underlying hedged items, we expect to reclassify to segment operating results losses of $8.4 million in fiscal 2018 and losses of $0.6 million in fiscal 2019 and thereafter.

Assets by Segment

The majority of our manufacturing assets are shared across multiple reporting segments. Output from these facilities used by each reporting segment can change over time. Also, working capital balances are not tracked by reporting segment. Therefore, it is impracticable to allocate those assets to the reporting segments, as well as disclose total assets by segment. Total depreciation expense was $56.1 million and $58.8 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Other Information
Our largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its affiliates, accounted for approximately 24% and 23% of consolidated net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively, primarily in the Grocery & Snacks and Refrigerated & Frozen segments.
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its affiliates accounted for approximately 24% and 26% of consolidated net receivables as of August 27, 2017 and May 28, 2017, respectively, primarily in the Grocery & Snacks and Refrigerated & Frozen segments.
We offer certain suppliers access to a third-party service that allows them to view our scheduled payments online. The third party service also allows suppliers to finance advances on our scheduled payments at the sole discretion of the supplier and the third party. We have no economic interest in these financing arrangements and no direct relationship with the suppliers, the third-party, or any financial institutions concerning this service. All of our accounts payable remain as obligations to our suppliers as stated in our supplier agreements. As of August 27, 2017, $58.8 million of our total accounts payable is payable to suppliers who utilize this third-party service.



23




ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The information contained in this report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding our expected future financial performance or position, results of operations, business strategy, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and other statements that are not historical facts. You can identify forward-looking statements by their use of forward-looking words, such as "may", "will", "anticipate", "expect", "believe", "estimate", "intend", "plan", "should", "seek", or comparable terms.
Readers of this report should understand that these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance or results. Forward-looking statements provide our current expectations and beliefs concerning future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and factors relating to our business and operations, all of which are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results to differ materially the expectations expressed in or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks, uncertainties, and factors include, among other things: the timing to complete a potential acquisition of Angie’s Artisan Treats, LLC; the ability and timing to obtain required regulatory approvals and satisfy other closing conditions for the Angie's® and Wesson® transactions; our ability to achieve the intended benefits of acquisitions and divestitures, including the recent Spinoff (as defined below) of our Lamb Weston business and the proposed divestiture of the Wesson® oil business, and the proposed acquisition of Angie's Artisan Treats, LLC; general economic and industry conditions; our ability to successfully execute our long-term value creation strategy; our ability to access capital; our ability to execute our operating and restructuring plans and achieve our targeted operating efficiencies from cost-saving initiatives and to benefit from trade optimization programs; the effectiveness of our hedging activities and our ability to respond to volatility in commodities; the competitive environment and related market conditions; our ability to respond to changing consumer preferences and the success of our innovation and marketing investments; the ultimate impact of any product recalls and litigation, including litigation related to the lead paint and pigment matters; actions of governments and regulatory factors affecting our businesses; the availability and prices of raw materials, including any negative effects caused by inflation or weather conditions; risks and uncertainties associated with intangible assets, including any future goodwill or intangible assets impairment charges; the costs, disruption, and diversion of management's attention associated with campaigns commenced by activist investors; and other risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"). We caution readers not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no responsibility to update these statements.
The discussion that follows should be read together with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in this report and with the financial statements, related notes, and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended May 28, 2017 and subsequent filings with the SEC. Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be attained in the future.
Fiscal 2018 First Quarter Executive Overview
Conagra Brands, Inc. (the "Company", "we", "us", or "our"), headquartered in Chicago, is one of North America's leading branded food companies. Guided by an entrepreneurial spirit, the Company combines a rich heritage of making great food with a sharpened focus on innovation. The Company's portfolio is evolving to satisfy people's changing food preferences. Its iconic brands such as Marie Callender's®, Reddi-wip®, Hunt's®, Healthy Choice®, Slim Jim®, and Orville Redenbacher's®, as well as emerging brands, including Alexia®, Blake's®, Duke's®, and Frontera®, offer choices for every occasion.
On November 9, 2016, we completed the spinoff of Lamb Weston Holdings, Inc. ("Lamb Weston") through a distribution of 100% of our interest in Lamb Weston to holders, as of November 1, 2016, of outstanding shares of our common stock (the "Spinoff"). The transaction effecting this change was structured as a tax-free spinoff.
The results of operations for the Lamb Weston business have been reclassified to results of discontinued operations for all periods prior to the Spinoff.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed the sales of our Spicetec Flavors & Seasonings business ("Spicetec") and our JM Swank business for combined proceeds of $486.3 million. The results of operations of Spicetec and JM Swank are included in the Commercial segment.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, earnings reflected the impact of lower sales volumes and gross margin primarily in the Grocery & Snacks and Foodservice segments, more than offset by the impact of higher operating margins in the Refrigerated & Frozen and International segments. The improved operating performance also reflected an increase in equity method investment earnings and lower interest expense, in each case compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017.

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Diluted earnings per share in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $0.36. Diluted earnings per share in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 were $0.42, including earnings of $0.22 per diluted share from continuing operations and $0.20 per diluted share from discontinued operations. Several significant items affect the comparability of year-over-year results of continuing operations (see "Items Impacting Comparability" below).
Items Impacting Comparability
Segment presentation of gains and losses from derivatives used for economic hedging of anticipated commodity input costs and economic hedging of foreign currency exchange rate risks of anticipated transactions is discussed in the segment review below.
Items of note impacting comparability for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 included the following:
charges totaling $11.4 million ($7.3 million after-tax) in connection with the "SCAE Plan" (as defined below) and
an income tax charge of $27.8 million associated with the planned repatriation of cash from foreign subsidiaries and the tax expense related to the earnings of foreign subsidiaries previously deemed to be permanently invested.
Items of note impacting comparability for the first quarter of fiscal 2017 included the following:
gains totaling $198.2 million ($75.3 million after-tax) from the sales of the Spicetec and JM Swank businesses,
charges totaling $163.6 million ($149.5 million after-tax) related to the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets in our International segment,
charges totaling $14.1 million ($9.1 million after-tax) in connection with the SCAE Plan, and
an income tax benefit of $7.5 million associated with a tax planning strategy that allowed us to utilize certain state tax attributes.
Acquisitions
Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Angie's Artisan Treats, LLC, maker of Angie's® BOOMCHICKAPOP® ready-to-eat popcorn, for a cash purchase price of $250 million, net of cash acquired and subject to working capital adjustments. The business will be primarily included in the Grocery & Snacks segment. The transaction is expected to close by the end of the calendar year, subject to customary closing conditions, including the receipt of any applicable regulatory approvals.
In April 2017, we acquired protein-based snacking businesses Thanasi Foods LLC, maker of Duke's® meat snacks, and BIGS LLC, maker of BIGS® seeds, for $217.6 million in cash, net of cash acquired. These businesses are included in the Grocery & Snacks segment.
In September 2016, we acquired the operating assets of Frontera Foods, Inc. and Red Fork LLC, including the Frontera®, Red Fork®, and Salpica® brands. These businesses make authentic, gourmet Mexican food products and contemporary American cooking sauces. We acquired the businesses for $108.1 million in cash, net of cash acquired. These businesses are included principally in the Grocery & Snacks segment, and to a lesser extent within the Refrigerated & Frozen and International segments.
Divestitures
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, we announced the agreement to sell our Wesson® oil business, which is part of our Grocery & Snacks segment, to The J.M. Smucker Company ("Smucker"). The transaction is subject to certain customary closing conditions, including the termination or expiration of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 (the "HSR Act"). On August 28, 2017, Smucker and the Company each received a request for additional information under the HSR Act (a "second request") from the U.S. Federal Trade Commission ("FTC") in connection with the FTC's review of the transaction. Issuance of the second request extends the waiting period under the HSR Act until 30 days after both the Company and Smucker have substantially complied with the request, unless the waiting period is terminated earlier by the FTC. The agreement for the sale of the Wesson oil business provides that, unless otherwise agreed upon by the Company and Smucker, if the closing of the transaction has not occurred on or prior to March 31, 2018 because HSR approval has not been received as of such date, then either party may terminate the agreement. The parties are cooperating fully with the FTC as it conducts its review of the transaction.
On November 9, 2016, we completed the Spinoff of Lamb Weston. The results of operations of the Lamb Weston business have been reclassified to discontinued operations for all periods presented.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed the sales of our Spicetec and Flavors & Seasonings business ("Spicetec") and JM Swank business for combined proceeds of $486.3 million. The results of operations of Spicetec and JM Swank are included in the Commercial segment.

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Restructuring Plans
In May 2013, we announced the Supply Chain and Administrative Efficiency Plan (the "SCAE Plan"), our plan to integrate and restructure the operations of our Private Brands business, improve selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") effectiveness and efficiencies, and optimize our supply chain network, manufacturing assets, dry distribution centers, and mixing centers. In the second quarter of fiscal 2016, we announced plans to realize efficiency benefits by reducing SG&A expenses and enhancing trade spend processes and tools, which plans were included as part of the SCAE Plan. Although we divested the Private Brands business, we have continued to implement the SCAE Plan, including by working to optimize our supply chain network, pursue cost reductions through our SG&A functions, enhance trade spend processes and tools, and improve productivity.
Although we remain unable to make good faith estimates relating to the entire SCAE Plan, we are reporting on actions initiated through the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2018, including the estimated amounts or range of amounts for each major type of costs expected to be incurred, and the charges that have resulted or will result in cash outflows. As of August 27, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company has approved the incurrence of up to $900.9 million of expenses in connection with the SCAE Plan, including expenses allocated for the Private Brands and Lamb Weston operations. We have incurred or expect to incur approximately $450.1 million of charges ($303.3 million of cash charges and $146.8 million of non-cash charges) for actions identified to date under the SCAE Plan. In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, we recognized charges of $11.4 million in relation to the SCAE Plan. In the first quarter of fiscal 2017, we recognized charges of $14.1 million in relation to the SCAE Plan. We expect to incur costs related to the SCAE Plan over a multi-year period.

SEGMENT REVIEW

We reflect our results of operations in five reporting segments: Grocery & Snacks, Refrigerated & Frozen, Foodservice, International, and Commercial.
In the second quarter of fiscal 2017, we completed the Spinoff of the Lamb Weston business, which was previously included in the Commercial Foods segment. The results of operations of the Lamb Weston business have been classified as discontinued operations for all periods presented.
Grocery & Snacks
The Grocery & Snacks reporting segment principally includes branded, shelf stable food products sold in various retail channels in the United States.
Refrigerated & Frozen
The Refrigerated & Frozen reporting segment principally includes branded, temperature controlled food products sold in various retail channels in the United States.
International
The International reporting segment principally includes branded food products, in various temperature states, sold in various retail and foodservice channels outside of the United States.
Foodservice
The Foodservice reporting segment includes branded and customized food products, including meals, entrees, sauces and a variety of custom-manufactured culinary products packaged for sale to restaurants and other foodservice establishments in the United States. 
Commercial
The Commercial reporting segment included commercially branded and private label food and ingredients, which were sold primarily to commercial, restaurant, foodservice, food manufacturing, and industrial customers. The segment's primary food items included a variety of vegetable, spice, and frozen bakery goods, which were sold under brands such as Spicetec Flavors & Seasonings®. The Spicetec and JM Swank businesses were sold in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.
Presentation of Derivative Gains (Losses) from Economic Hedges of Forecasted Cash Flows in Segment Results
Derivatives used to manage commodity price risk and foreign currency risk are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. We believe these derivatives provide economic hedges of certain forecasted transactions. As such, these derivatives are recognized at fair market value with realized and unrealized gains and losses recognized in general corporate expenses. The gains and losses are subsequently

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recognized in the operating results of the reporting segments in the period in which the underlying transaction being economically hedged is included in earnings. In the event that management determines a particular derivative entered into as an economic hedge of a forecasted commodity purchase has ceased to function as an economic hedge, we cease recognizing further gains and losses on such derivatives in corporate expense and begin recognizing such gains and losses within segment operating results, immediately.
The following table presents the net derivative gains (losses) from economic hedges of forecasted commodity consumption and the foreign currency risk of certain forecasted transactions, under this methodology:
 
Thirteen Weeks Ended
($ in millions)
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
Net derivative losses incurred
$
(7.4
)
 
$
(0.3
)
Less: Net derivative losses allocated to reporting segments
(1.4
)
 
(1.0
)
Net derivative gains (losses) recognized in general corporate expenses
$
(6.0
)
 
$
0.7

Net derivative losses allocated to Grocery & Snacks
$
(0.6
)
 
$
(0.4
)
Net derivative losses allocated to Refrigerated & Frozen

 
(0.2
)
Net derivative losses allocated to International
(0.7
)
 

Net derivative losses allocated to Foodservice
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
Net derivative losses allocated to Commercial

 
(0.1
)
Net derivative losses included in segment operating profit
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(1.0
)
As of August 27, 2017, the cumulative amount of net derivative losses from economic hedges that had been recognized in general corporate expenses and not yet allocated to reporting segments was $9.0 million. This amount reflected net losses of $6.8 million incurred during the thirteen weeks ended August 27, 2017, as well as net losses of $2.2 million incurred prior to fiscal 2018. Based on our forecasts of the timing of recognition of the underlying hedged items, we expect to reclassify to segment operating results losses of $8.4 million in fiscal 2018 and losses of $0.6 million in fiscal 2019 and thereafter.
Net Sales
 
Net Sales
($ in millions)
Thirteen weeks ended
Reporting Segment
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
 
% Inc
(Dec)
Grocery & Snacks
$
745.8

 
$
757.2

 
(2
)%
Refrigerated & Frozen
615.7

 
604.6

 
2
 %
International
190.9

 
194.7

 
(2
)%
Foodservice
251.8

 
268.0

 
(6
)%
Commercial

 
71.1

 
(100
)%
Total
$
1,804.2

 
$
1,895.6

 
(5
)%
Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $1.80 billion, a decrease of $91.4 million, or 5%, from the first quarter of fiscal 2017.
Grocery & Snacks net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $745.8 million, a decrease of $11.4 million, or 2%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected a 6% decrease in volumes, excluding the impact of acquisitions. The decrease in sales volumes was the result of a reduction in promotional intensity and the planned discontinuation of certain lower-performing products. Price/mix increased by 1% as the impacts of increased slotting fees were more than offset by continued progress in pricing and trade productivity. The acquisitions of Thanasi Foods LLC, BIGS LLC, Frontera Foods, Inc., and Red Fork LLC contributed $27.6 million to Grocery & Snacks net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018.
Refrigerated & Frozen net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $615.7 million, an increase of $11.1 million, or 2%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected a 1% increase in volumes, excluding the impact of acquisitions, and a flat price/mix, in each case compared to the prior-year period. The increase in sales volumes was a result of pipeline fills for innovation launches. The acquisition of Frontera Foods, Inc. and Red Fork LLC contributed $3.4 million to Refrigerated & Frozen net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018.

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International net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $190.9 million, a decrease of $3.8 million, or 2%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected an 8% decrease in volume, a 4% increase in price/mix, and a 2% increase from foreign exchange rates, in each case compared to the prior-year period. The volume decrease in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected strategic decisions to eliminate lower margin products and a reduction in promotional intensity. The increase in price/mix for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was driven by improvements in pricing and trade productivity.
Foodservice net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were $251.8 million, a decrease of $16.2 million, or 6%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected an 18% decrease in volume and a 12% increase in price/mix, in each case compared to the prior-year period. The decrease in volumes primarily reflected the impact of exiting a non-core business. The increase in price/mix reflected the execution of the segment's value over volume strategy.
Our Spicetec and JM Swank businesses were sold in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. These businesses comprise the entire Commercial segment following the presentation of Lamb Weston as discontinued operations. Accordingly, there were no net sales in the Commercial segment after the first quarter of fiscal 2017. These businesses had net sales of $71.1 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2017, prior to the completion of the divestitures.
SG&A Expenses (Includes general corporate expenses)
SG&A expenses totaled $239.0 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018, an increase of $7.3 million, as compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. SG&A expenses impacting the comparability of earnings for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 included $9.1 million in connection with our SCAE Plan. Other changes in expenses compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017 included:
a decrease in advertising and promotion spending of $9.8 million,
a decrease in our stock-based compensation expense of $5.4 million, and
a decrease in salary expenses of $3.1 million.
SG&A expenses for the first quarter of fiscal 2017 included the following items impacting the comparability of earnings:
gains totaling $198.2 million from the divestiture of the Spicetec and JM Swank businesses,
charges totaling $163.6 million related to the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets within our International segment, and
expenses of $8.9 million in connection with our restructuring plans.
Operating Profit (Earnings before general corporate expenses, interest expense, net, income taxes, and equity method investment earnings)
 
Operating Profit
($ in millions)
Thirteen weeks ended
Reporting Segment
August 27,
2017
 
August 28,
2016
 
% Inc
(Dec)
Grocery & Snacks
$
176.2

 
$
180.5

 
(2
)%
Refrigerated & Frozen
101.9

 
92.2

 
11
 %
International
18.9

 
(149.2
)
 
N/A

Foodservice
23.2

 
21.7

 
7
 %
Commercial

 
203.3

 
(100
)%
Grocery & Snacks operating profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was $176.2 million, a decrease of $4.3 million, or 2%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Gross profits were $5.3 million lower in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 than in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The lower gross profit was driven by a decrease in volumes, discussed above, and inflation, offset by improved plant productivity. Operating profit of the Grocery & Snacks segment was impacted by charges of $6.2 million and $4.9 million in connection with our restructuring plans in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Refrigerated & Frozen operating profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was $101.9 million, an increase of $9.7 million, or 11%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Gross profits were $1.5 million lower in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 than in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, driven by inflation and absorption, partially offset by increased sales volumes. SG&A expenses for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 decreased by $11.2 million compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017, primarily due to cost reductions achieved through our

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restructuring plans as well as a decrease in advertising and promotion expenses of $5.1 million. Operating profit of the Refrigerated & Frozen segment was impacted by charges of $5.0 million in connection with our restructuring plans in the first quarter of fiscal 2017.
International operating profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was $18.9 million, compared to an operating loss of $149.2 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The operating loss in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 included charges totaling $163.6 million for the impairment of goodwill and an intangible brand asset in our Canadian operations.
Foodservice operating profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was $23.2 million, an increase of $1.5 million, or 7%, compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Gross profits were $2.0 million lower in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 than in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. The lower gross profit primarily reflected the impact of exiting a non-core business.
Commercial operating profit for the first quarter of fiscal 2017 was $203.3 million. The company sold the Spicetec and JM Swank businesses in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, recognizing pre-tax gains totaling $198.2 million. These businesses comprise the entire Commercial segment following the presentation of Lamb Weston as discontinued operations. There are no further operations in the Commercial segment.
Interest Expense, Net
Net interest expense was $36.4 million and $58.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively. The decrease reflects the repayment of $550 million of debt in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and $473 million of debt in the third quarter of fiscal 2017, as well as the exchange of $1.4 billion of debt in connection with the Spinoff of Lamb Weston during the second quarter of 2017.
Income Taxes
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, our income tax expense from continuing operations was $120.0 million and $169.2 million, respectively. The effective tax rate (calculated as the ratio of income tax expense to pre-tax income from continuing operations, inclusive of equity method investment earnings) was approximately 44% and 63% for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively.
The effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflected additional tax expense related to the planned repatriation of cash from foreign subsidiaries and the tax expense related to undistributed foreign earnings for which the indefinite reinvestment assertion is no longer made.
The effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 reflected the following:
an income tax benefit allowed upon the vesting/exercise of employee stock compensation awards by our employees, beyond that which is attributable to the original fair value of the awards upon the date of grant,
additional tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 associated with non-deductible goodwill sold in connection with the dispositions of the Spicetec and JM Swank businesses, and
additional tax expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 associated with non-deductible goodwill, for which an impairment charge was recognized.
We expect our effective tax rate for the remainder of fiscal 2018 to be approximately 32.5% - 33.5%.
Equity Method Investment Earnings
Equity method investment earnings were $30.0 million and $13.1 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively. Ardent Mills earnings were higher than the prior year quarter due to more favorable market conditions and continued improvement in operating efficiencies.
Results of Discontinued Operations
Our discontinued operations generated an after-tax loss of $0.3 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and an after-tax gain of $91.4 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Prior year results reflected the operations of Lamb Weston. We incurred significant costs associated with effecting the Spinoff of Lamb Weston. These costs are included in results of discontinued operations.
Earnings Per Share
Diluted earnings per share in the