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EX-95 - EXHIBIT 95 - W R GRACE & COexhibit95_20171q.htm
EX-32 - EXHIBIT 32 - W R GRACE & COexhibit32_20171q.htm
EX-31.(I).2 - EXHIBIT 31.(I).2 - W R GRACE & COexhibit31i2_20171q.htm
EX-31.(I).1 - EXHIBIT 31.(I).1 - W R GRACE & COexhibit31i1_20171q.htm
EX-15 - EXHIBIT 15 - W R GRACE & COexhibit15_20171q.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
ý
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2017
OR
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-13953
W. R. GRACE & CO.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State of incorporation)
 
65-0773649
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
7500 Grace Drive, Columbia, Maryland 21044-4098
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(410) 531-4000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ý
 
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ý    No o
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding at April 30, 2017
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
68,360,012 shares
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
_______________________________________________________________________________
GRACE®, the GRACE® logo and, except as otherwise indicated, the other trademarks, service marks or trade names used in the text of this Report are trademarks, service marks, or trade names of operating units of W. R. Grace & Co. or its affiliates and/or subsidiaries. Unless otherwise indicated, in this Report the terms "Grace," "we," "us," or "our" mean W. R. Grace & Co. and/or its consolidated subsidiaries and affiliates, and the term "the Company" means W. R. Grace & Co. Unless otherwise indicated, the contents of websites mentioned in this report are not incorporated by reference or otherwise made a part of this Report.
The Financial Accounting Standards Board is referred to in this Report as the "FASB." The FASB issues, among other things, Accounting Standards Codifications ("ASC") and Accounting Standards Updates ("ASU").


2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
Review by Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
With respect to the interim consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2017, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, the Company's independent registered public accounting firm, has applied limited procedures in accordance with professional auditing standards for a review of such information. Their report on the interim consolidated financial statements, which follows, states that they did not audit and they do not express an opinion on the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the degree of reliance on their report on the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be restricted in light of the limited nature of the review procedures applied. This report is not considered a "report" within the meaning of Sections 7 and 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, and, therefore, the independent accountants' liability under Section 11 does not extend to it.

3


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of W. R. Grace & Co.:
We have reviewed the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of W. R. Grace & Co. and its subsidiaries as of March 31, 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), equity and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. These interim financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management.
We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.
Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying consolidated interim financial statements for them to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
We previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income, equity and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated February 23, 2017, which included a paragraph describing a change in the manner of accounting for debt issuance costs and stock compensation in 2016, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016, is fairly stated in all material respects in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.



/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
Baltimore, Maryland
May 9, 2017


4


W. R. Grace & Co. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions, except per share amounts)
2017
 
2016
Net sales
$
398.0

 
$
362.8

Cost of goods sold
244.8

 
210.1

Gross profit
153.2

 
152.7

Selling, general and administrative expenses
66.5

 
68.0

Research and development expenses
13.2

 
11.7

Provision for environmental remediation, net

 
2.2

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliate
(7.0
)
 
(6.9
)
Restructuring and repositioning expenses
2.3

 
13.6

Interest expense and related financing costs
19.5

 
22.0

Other (income) expense, net
(2.2
)
 
10.7

Total costs and expenses
92.3

 
121.3

Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes
60.9

 
31.4

(Provision for) benefit from income taxes
(18.0
)

(21.2
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
42.9


10.2

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(9.9
)
Net income (loss)
42.9

 
0.3

Less: Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
0.2

Net income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
42.9

 
$
0.5

Amounts Attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. Shareholders:
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
42.9

 
$
10.4

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(9.9
)
Net income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
42.9

 
$
0.5

Earnings Per Share Attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. Shareholders
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.63

 
$
0.15

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(0.14
)
Net income (loss)
$
0.63

 
$
0.01

Weighted average number of basic shares
68.3


70.6

Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.63

 
$
0.15

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(0.14
)
Net income (loss)
$
0.63

 
$
0.01

Weighted average number of diluted shares
68.5

 
71.1

Dividends per common share
$
0.21

 
$


The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

5


W. R. Grace & Co. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Net income (loss)
$
42.9

 
$
0.3

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans, net of income taxes
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Currency translation adjustments
(1.4
)
 
(5.4
)
Gain (loss) from hedging activities, net of income taxes
0.7

 
(3.0
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
2.6

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
(1.0
)
 
(6.1
)
Comprehensive income (loss)
41.9

 
(5.8
)
Less: comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
(2.4
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
41.9

 
$
(8.2
)

The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

6


W. R. Grace & Co. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
42.9

 
$
0.3

Less: loss (income) from discontinued operations

 
9.9

Income from continuing operations
42.9

 
10.2

Reconciliation to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities from continuing operations:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
27.1

 
23.2

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliate
(7.0
)
 
(6.9
)
Dividends received from unconsolidated affiliate

 
10.0

Costs related to Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental
2.1


4.4

Cash paid for Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental
(40.7
)
 
(2.5
)
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes
18.0

 
21.2

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds
(14.6
)
 
(17.2
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
11.1

Interest expense and related financing costs
19.5


22.0

Cash paid for interest
(4.9
)
 
(9.5
)
Defined benefit pension expense
5.0

 
2.9

Cash paid under defined benefit pension arrangements
(3.8
)
 
(3.7
)
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding effect of currency translation and acquisitions:
 
 
 
Trade accounts receivable
19.8

 
44.3

Inventories
(4.4
)
 
(10.6
)
Accounts payable
10.1

 
11.1

All other items, net
(33.2
)
 
(35.7
)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities from continuing operations
35.9

 
74.3

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(31.0
)
 
(34.4
)
Other investing activities
0.1

 
0.3

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities from continuing operations
(30.9
)
 
(34.1
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Borrowings under credit arrangements
38.9

 
9.1

Repayments under credit arrangements
(41.7
)
 
(605.1
)
Cash paid for repurchases of common stock
(10.0
)
 
(15.0
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
6.0

 
3.8

Dividends paid
(14.3
)
 

Distribution from GCP

 
750.0

Other financing activities
(0.3
)
 
(2.4
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities from continuing operations
(21.4
)
 
140.4

Effect of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
2.2

 
2.6

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents from continuing operations
(14.2
)
 
183.2

Cash flows from discontinued operations
 
 
 
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 
23.9

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

 
(9.5
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities

 
31.4

Effect of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 
(1.0
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents from discontinued operations

 
44.8

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(14.2
)

228.0

Less: cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations

 
(143.4
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
90.6

 
329.9

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
76.4

 
$
414.5

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 
 
Net share settled stock option exercises
$
1.2

 
$
10.0


The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

7


W. R. Grace & Co. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
(In millions, except par value and shares)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
76.4

 
$
90.6

Restricted cash and cash equivalents
10.0

 
10.0

Trade accounts receivable, less allowance of $2.8 (2016—$2.2)
244.5

 
273.9

Inventories
234.1

 
228.0

Other current assets
63.8


52.3

Total Current Assets
628.8

 
654.8

Properties and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $1,358.8 (2016—$1,327.5)
740.2

 
729.6

Goodwill
394.9

 
394.2

Technology and other intangible assets, net
265.6

 
269.1

Deferred income taxes
703.1

 
709.4

Investment in unconsolidated affiliate
124.9

 
117.6

Other assets
33.3


37.1

Total Assets
$
2,890.8

 
$
2,911.8

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Debt payable within one year
$
44.7

 
$
76.5

Accounts payable
199.7

 
195.4

Other current liabilities
189.6

 
208.9

Total Current Liabilities
434.0

 
480.8

Debt payable after one year
1,511.0

 
1,507.6

Underfunded and unfunded defined benefit pension plans
430.5

 
424.3

Other liabilities
119.6

 
126.7

Total Liabilities
2,495.1

 
2,539.4

Commitments and Contingencies—Note 8
 
 
 
Equity
 
 
 
Common stock issued, par value $0.01; 300,000,000 shares authorized; outstanding: 68,342,140 (2016—68,309,431)
0.7

 
0.7

Paid-in capital
478.7

 
487.3

Retained earnings
647.8

 
619.3

Treasury stock, at cost: shares: 9,114,487 (2016—9,147,196)
(800.5
)
 
(804.9
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
65.4

 
66.4

Total W. R. Grace & Co. Shareholders' Equity
392.1

 
368.8

Noncontrolling interests
3.6

 
3.6

Total Equity
395.7

 
372.4

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
2,890.8

 
$
2,911.8


The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

8


W. R. Grace & Co. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Equity (unaudited)
(In millions)
Common Stock and Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total Equity
Balance, December 31, 2015
$
496.7

 
$
436.3

 
$
(658.4
)
 
$
(66.8
)
 
$
4.7

 
$
212.5

Net income (loss)

 
0.5

 

 

 
(0.2
)
 
0.3

Repurchase of common stock

 

 
(15.0
)
 

 

 
(15.0
)
Stock based compensation
3.6

 

 

 

 

 
3.6

Exercise of stock options
(4.6
)
 

 
18.4

 

 

 
13.8

Tax benefit related to stock plans

 
70.4

 

 

 

 
70.4

Other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

 
(8.7
)
 
2.6

 
(6.1
)
Distribution of GCP

 
57.3

 

 
135.3

 
(3.7
)
 
188.9

Balance, March 31, 2016
$
495.7

 
$
564.5

 
$
(655.0
)
 
$
59.8

 
$
3.4

 
$
468.4

Balance, December 31, 2016
$
488.0

 
$
619.3

 
$
(804.9
)
 
$
66.4

 
$
3.6

 
$
372.4

Net income (loss)

 
42.9

 

 

 

 
42.9

Repurchase of common stock

 

 
(10.0
)
 

 

 
(10.0
)
RSU stock payout
(2.2
)
 

 

 

 

 
(2.2
)
Stock based compensation
2.4

 

 

 

 

 
2.4

Exercise of stock options
(8.8
)
 

 
14.4

 

 

 
5.6

Other comprehensive (loss) income

 

 

 
(1.0
)
 

 
(1.0
)
Dividends declared

 
(14.4
)
 

 

 

 
(14.4
)
Balance, March 31, 2017
$
479.4

 
$
647.8

 
$
(800.5
)
 
$
65.4

 
$
3.6

 
$
395.7


The Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

9


Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting and Financial Reporting Policies
W. R. Grace & Co., through its subsidiaries, is engaged in specialty chemicals and specialty materials businesses on a global basis through two reportable segments: Grace Catalysts Technologies, which includes catalysts and related products and technologies used in refining, petrochemical and other chemical manufacturing applications; and Grace Materials Technologies, which includes specialty materials, including silica-based and silica-alumina-based materials, used in coatings, consumer, industrial, and pharmaceutical applications.
W. R. Grace & Co. conducts all of its business through a single wholly owned subsidiary, W. R. Grace & Co.–Conn. ("Grace–Conn."). Grace–Conn. owns all of the assets, properties and rights of W. R. Grace & Co. on a consolidated basis, either directly or through subsidiaries.
As used in these notes, the term "Company" refers to W. R. Grace & Co. The term "Grace" refers to the Company and/or one or more of its subsidiaries and, in certain cases, their respective predecessors.
Separation Transaction    On January 27, 2016, Grace entered into a separation agreement with GCP Applied Technologies Inc., then a wholly-owned subsidiary of Grace ("GCP"), pursuant to which Grace agreed to transfer its Grace Construction Products operating segment and the packaging technologies business of its Grace Materials Technologies operating segment to GCP (the "Separation"). Grace and GCP completed the Separation on February 3, 2016 (the "Distribution Date"), by means of a pro rata distribution to the Company's stockholders of all of the outstanding shares of GCP common stock (the "Distribution"), with one share of GCP common stock distributed for each share of Company common stock held as of the close of business on January 27, 2016. As a result of the Distribution, GCP became an independent public company. GCP’s historical financial results through the Distribution Date are reflected in Grace’s Consolidated Financial Statements as discontinued operations.
Basis of Presentation    The interim Consolidated Financial Statements presented herein are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements presented in the Company's 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Such interim Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments that, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the results of the interim periods presented; all such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature except for the impacts of adopting new accounting standards as discussed below. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
The results of operations for the three-month interim period ended March 31, 2017, are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be attained for the year ending December 31, 2017.
Use of Estimates    The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the Consolidated Financial Statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the periods presented. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates, and the differences could be material. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period identified. Grace's accounting measurements that are most affected by management's estimates of future events are:
Realization values of net deferred tax assets, which depend on projections of future taxable income (see Note 5);
Pension and postretirement liabilities, which depend on assumptions regarding participant life spans, future inflation, discount rates and total returns on invested funds (see Note 6);
Carrying values of goodwill and other intangible assets, which depend on assumptions of future earnings and cash flows; and
Contingent liabilities, which depend on an assessment of the probability of loss and an estimate of ultimate obligation, such as litigation (see Note 8), income taxes (see Note 5), and environmental remediation (see Note 8).
Reclassifications    Certain amounts in prior years' Consolidated Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications have not materially affected previously reported amounts in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

10




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting and Financial Reporting Policies (Continued)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards    In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 "Revenue from Contracts with Customers." This update is intended to remove inconsistencies and weaknesses in revenue requirements; provide a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues; improve comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions and capital markets; provide more useful information to users of financial statements through improved disclosure requirements; and simplify the preparation of financial statements by reducing the number of requirements to which an entity must refer. The new requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. The standard allows for two methods of adoption: (a) full retrospective adoption, meaning the standard is applied to all periods presented, or (b) modified retrospective adoption, meaning the cumulative effect of applying the new standard is recognized as an adjustment to the opening retained earnings balance. Grace will adopt the standard in the 2018 first quarter. Grace has begun its preliminary assessment and is identifying specific areas of impact on the Consolidated Financial Statements. At this time, Grace cannot reasonably estimate the effect of adoption. Grace has tentatively decided to adopt this standard under the modified retrospective approach and is still evaluating the effect on its financial statements and disclosures.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 "Leases (Topic 842)." This update is intended to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The core principle of Topic 842 is that a lessee should recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term, including optional payments where they are reasonably certain to occur. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Currently, as a lessee, Grace is a party to a number of leases which, under existing guidance, are classified as operating leases and not recorded on the balance sheet but are expensed as incurred. Under the new standard, many of these leases will be recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Grace will adopt the standard in 2019 and at this time cannot reasonably estimate the effect of adoption.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15 "Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments." This update is intended to reduce diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. It addresses eight specific issues. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Grace is currently evaluating the timing of adoption and does not expect the update to have a material effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18 "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash", which requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The new requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Grace is currently evaluating the timing of adoption and does not expect the update to have a material effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements. As of March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, restricted cash included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets was $10.0 million.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 "Business Combinations (Topic 805)," which provides a screen to determine when an integrated set of assets and activities is not a business. The screen requires that when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the set is not a business. This screen reduces the number of transactions that need to be further evaluated. If the screen is not met, the amendments in this update (1) require that to be considered a business, a set must include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive

11




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting and Financial Reporting Policies (Continued)

process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create output and (2) remove the evaluation of whether a market participant could replace missing elements. The amendments in this update also narrow the definition of the term "output" so that the term is consistent with how outputs are described in Topic 606. Public business entities are required to apply the amendments in this update to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those periods. Early application is permitted. Grace will evaluate the effect of the update at the time of any future acquisition or disposal.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04 "Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350)." This update modifies the concept of impairment from the condition that exists when the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value to the condition that exists when the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. An entity no longer will determine goodwill impairment by calculating the implied fair value of goodwill by assigning the fair value of a reporting unit to all of its assets and liabilities as if that reporting unit had been acquired in a business combination ("Step 2"). Because these amendments eliminate Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, they should reduce the cost and complexity of evaluating goodwill for impairment. Public business entities are required to adopt the amendments in this update for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. Grace is currently evaluating the timing of adoption and does not expect the update to have a material effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07 "Compensation—Retirement Benefits (Topic 715)." This update requires that the service cost component of net benefit cost be presented with other compensation costs arising from services rendered. The remaining net benefit cost is either presented as a line item in the statement of operations outside of a subtotal for income from operations, if presented, or disclosed separately. Only the service cost component of net benefit expense can be capitalized. Public business entities are required to adopt the amendments in this update for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Grace is currently evaluating the update's effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements and will adopt the update in the 2018 first quarter.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards    In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11 "Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory." This update is part of the FASB's Simplification Initiative and is also intended to enhance convergence with the International Accounting Standards Board's ("IASB") measurement of inventory. The update requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value for entities using FIFO (first-in, first-out) or average cost methods. The new requirements are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Grace adopted this update in the first quarter of 2017, and it did not have a material effect on the Consolidated Financial Statements.
2. Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, and cost is determined using FIFO. Inventories consisted of the following at March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016:
(In millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Raw materials
$
55.0

 
$
57.7

In process
31.8

 
33.4

Finished products
124.2

 
115.8

Other
23.1

 
21.1

 
$
234.1

 
$
228.0


12




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

3. Debt

Components of Debt
(In millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
5.125% senior notes due 2021, net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $7.0 at March 31, 2017 (2016—$7.3)
$
693.0

 
$
692.7

U.S. dollar term loan, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts of $5.3 at March 31, 2017 (2016—$5.7)
403.1

 
402.7

5.625% senior notes due 2024, net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $3.8 at March 31, 2017 (2016—$4.0)
296.2

 
296.0

Euro term loan, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts of $1.2 at March 31, 2017 (2016—$1.3)
84.9

 
82.5

Debt payable to unconsolidated affiliate
40.1

 
39.5

Deferred payment obligation

 
30.0

Other borrowings(1)
38.4

 
40.7

Total debt
1,555.7

 
1,584.1

Less debt payable within one year
44.7

 
76.5

Debt payable after one year
$
1,511.0

 
$
1,507.6

Weighted average interest rates on total debt
4.6
%
 
4.6
%
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(1) Represents borrowings under various lines of credit and other borrowings, primarily by non-U.S. subsidiaries.
See Note 4 for a discussion of the fair value of Grace's debt.
The principal maturities of debt outstanding at March 31, 2017, were as follows:
 
(In millions)
2017
$
42.9

2018
8.1

2019
7.6

2020
6.3

2021
1,185.8

Thereafter
305.0

Total debt
$
1,555.7

On February 3, 2017, Grace funded the PD trust with $30.0 million in respect of the deferred payment obligation relating to ZAI PD Claims. (See Note 8.)
Grace had no outstanding draws on its $300 million revolving credit facility as of March 31, 2017; however, the available credit under that facility was reduced to $258.6 million by outstanding letters of credit. On April 3, 2017, Grace borrowed $50 million on the revolving credit facility.
During the 2016 first quarter, in connection with the Separation, GCP distributed $750 million to Grace. Grace used $600 million of those funds to repay $526.9 million of its U.S. dollar term loan and €67.3 million of its euro term loan. As a result, Grace recorded a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $11.1 million, which is included in "other (income) expense, net" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.

13




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Fair Value Measurements and Risk

Certain of Grace's assets and liabilities are reported at fair value on a gross basis. ASC 820 "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures" defines fair value as the value that would be received at the measurement date in the principal or "most advantageous" market. Grace uses principal market data, whenever available, to value assets and liabilities that are required to be reported at fair value.
Grace has identified the following financial assets and liabilities that are subject to the fair value analysis required by ASC 820:
Fair Value of Debt and Other Financial Instruments    Debt payable is recorded at carrying value. Fair value is determined based on Level 2 inputs, including expected future cash flows (discounted at market interest rates), estimated current market prices and quotes from financial institutions.
At March 31, 2017, the carrying amounts and fair values of Grace's debt were as follows:
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
(In millions)
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
5.125% senior notes due 2021(1)
$
693.0

 
$
729.4

 
$
692.7

 
$
721.3

U.S. dollar term loan(2)
403.1

 
402.5

 
402.7

 
408.2

5.625% senior notes due 2024(1)
296.2

 
313.2

 
296.0

 
311.5

Euro term loan(2)
84.9

 
85.2

 
82.5

 
82.0

Other borrowings
78.5

 
78.5

 
110.2

 
110.2

Total debt
$
1,555.7

 
$
1,608.8

 
$
1,584.1

 
$
1,633.2

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(1)
Carrying amounts are net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $7.0 million and $3.8 million as of March 31, 2017, and $7.3 million and $4.0 million as of December 31, 2016, related to the 5.125% senior notes due 2021 and 5.625% senior notes due 2024, respectively.
(2)
Carrying amounts are net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts of $5.3 million and $1.2 million as of March 31, 2017, and $5.7 million and $1.3 million as of December 31, 2016, related to the U.S. dollar term loan and euro term loan, respectively.
At March 31, 2017, the recorded values of other financial instruments such as cash equivalents and trade receivables and payables approximated their fair values, based on the short-term maturities and floating rate characteristics of these instruments.
Currency Derivatives    Because Grace operates and/or sells to customers in over 60 countries and in 30 currencies, its results are exposed to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. Grace seeks to minimize exposure to these fluctuations by matching sales in volatile currencies with expenditures in the same currencies, but it is not always possible to do so. From time to time, Grace will use financial instruments such as currency forward contracts, options, swaps, or combinations thereof to reduce the risk of certain specific transactions. However, Grace does not have a policy of hedging all exposures, because management does not believe that such a level of hedging would be cost-effective. The effective portion of gains and losses on these currency hedges is recorded in "accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" and reclassified into "other (income) expense" when these derivatives mature.
The valuation of Grace's currency exchange rate forward contracts and swaps is determined using both a market approach and an income approach. Inputs used to value currency exchange rate forward contracts consist of: (1) spot rates, which are quoted by various financial institutions; (2) forward points, which are primarily affected by changes in interest rates; and (3) discount rates used to present value future cash flows, which are based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) curve or overnight indexed swap rates.

14




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Fair Value Measurements and Risk (Continued)

Debt and Interest Rate Swap Agreements    Grace uses interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges to manage fluctuations in interest rates on variable rate debt. The effective portion of gains and losses on these interest rate cash flow hedges is recorded in "accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" and reclassified into "interest expense and related financing costs" during the hedged interest period.
In connection with its emergence financing, Grace entered into an interest rate swap beginning on February 3, 2015, and maturing on February 3, 2020, fixing the LIBOR component of the interest on $250 million of Grace's term debt at a rate of 2.393%. The valuation of this interest rate swap is determined using both a market approach and an income approach, using prevailing market interest rates and discount rates to present value future cash flows based on the forward LIBOR yield curves.
The following tables present the fair value hierarchy for financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016:
 
Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2017, Using

(In millions)
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets or Liabilities
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency derivatives
$
3.9

 
$

 
$
3.9

 
$

Total Assets
$
3.9

 
$

 
$
3.9

 
$

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate derivatives
$
5.0

 
$

 
$
5.0

 
$

Currency derivatives
0.4

 

 
0.4

 

Total Liabilities
$
5.4

 
$

 
$
5.4

 
$

 
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2016, Using

(In millions)
Total
 
Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets or Liabilities
(Level 1)
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency derivatives
$
8.8

 
$

 
$
8.8

 
$

Total Assets
$
8.8

 
$

 
$
8.8

 
$

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate derivatives
$
6.0

 
$

 
$
6.0

 
$

Currency derivatives
0.9

 

 
0.9

 

Total Liabilities
$
6.9

 
$

 
$
6.9

 
$


15




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Fair Value Measurements and Risk (Continued)

The following tables present the location and fair values of derivative instruments included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016:
March 31, 2017
(In millions)
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency contracts
Other current assets
 
$
3.5

 
Other current liabilities
 
$
0.3

Interest rate contracts
Other current assets
 

 
Other current liabilities
 
2.1

Currency contracts
Other assets
 
0.3

 
Other liabilities
 

Interest rate contracts
Other assets
 

 
Other liabilities
 
2.9

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency contracts
Other current assets
 
0.1

 
Other current liabilities
 
0.1

Total derivatives
 
 
$
3.9

 
 
 
$
5.4

December 31, 2016
(In millions)
Asset Derivatives
 
Liability Derivatives
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair Value
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency contracts
Other current assets
 
$
4.0

 
Other current liabilities
 
$

Interest rate contracts
Other current assets
 

 
Other current liabilities
 
2.8

Currency contracts
Other assets
 
4.0

 
Other liabilities
 

Interest rate contracts
Other assets
 

 
Other liabilities
 
3.2

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency contracts
Other current assets
 
0.8

 
Other current liabilities
 
0.9

Total derivatives
 
 
$
8.8

 
 
 
$
6.9

The following tables present the location and amount of gains and losses on derivative instruments included in the Consolidated Statements of Operations or, when applicable, gains and losses initially recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) ("OCI") for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(In millions)
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
 
Location of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
Derivatives in ASC 815 cash flow hedging relationships:
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
$
0.1

 
Interest expense
 
$
(0.9
)
Currency contracts
(0.1
)
 
Other expense
 

Total derivatives
$

 
 
 
$
(0.9
)

16




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Fair Value Measurements and Risk (Continued)

Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
(In millions)
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
 
Location of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from OCI into Income
(Effective Portion)
Derivatives in ASC 815 cash flow hedging relationships:
 
 
 
 
Interest rate contracts
$
(4.5
)
 
Interest expense
 
$
(1.0
)
Currency contracts
(0.1
)
 
Other expense
 
0.5

Total derivatives
$
(4.6
)
 
 
 
$
(0.5
)
Net Investment Hedges    Grace uses cross-currency swaps as derivative hedging instruments in certain net investment hedges of its non-U.S. subsidiaries. The effective portion of gains and losses attributable to these net investment hedges is recorded net of tax to "currency translation adjustments" within "accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)" to offset the change in the carrying value of the net investment being hedged. Recognition in earnings of amounts previously recorded to "currency translation adjustments" is limited to circumstances such as complete or substantially complete liquidation of the net investment in the hedged foreign operation. At March 31, 2017, the notional amount of €170.0 million of Grace's cross-currency swaps was designated as a hedging instrument of its net investment in its European subsidiaries.
Grace also uses foreign currency denominated debt and deferred intercompany royalties as non-derivative hedging instruments in certain net investment hedges. The effective portion of gains and losses attributable to these net investment hedges is recorded to "currency translation adjustments" within "accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)." Recognition in earnings of amounts previously recorded to "currency translation adjustments" is limited to circumstances such as complete or substantially complete liquidation of the net investment in the hedged foreign operation. At March 31, 2017, €80.1 million of Grace's term loan principal was designated as a hedging instrument of its net investment in its European subsidiaries. At March 31, 2017, €50.6 million of Grace's deferred intercompany royalties was designated as a hedging instrument of its net investment in its European subsidiaries.
The following tables present the location and amount of gains and losses on derivative and non-derivative instruments designated as net investment hedges for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. There were no reclassifications of the effective portion of net investment hedges out of OCI and into earnings for the periods presented in the tables below.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(In millions)
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI in Currency Translation Adjustments
(Effective Portion)
Derivatives in ASC 815 net investment hedging relationships:
 
Cross-currency swap
$
(2.5
)
Non-derivatives in ASC 815 net investment hedging relationships:
 
Foreign currency denominated debt
$
(2.3
)
Foreign currency denominated deferred intercompany royalties
(1.5
)
 
$
(3.8
)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
(In millions)
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in OCI in Currency Translation Adjustments
(Effective Portion)
Non-derivatives in ASC 815 net investment hedging relationships:
 
Foreign currency denominated debt
$
(1.4
)

17




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Fair Value Measurements and Risk (Continued)

Credit Risk    Grace is exposed to credit risk in its trade accounts receivable. Customers in the petroleum refining industry represent the greatest exposure. Grace's credit evaluation policies mitigate credit risk exposures, and it has a history of minimal credit losses. Grace does not generally require collateral for its trade accounts receivable but may require a bank letter of credit in certain instances, particularly when selling to customers in cash-restricted countries.
Grace may also be exposed to credit risk in its derivatives contracts. Grace monitors counterparty credit risk and currently does not anticipate nonperformance by counterparties to its derivatives. Grace's derivative contracts are with internationally recognized commercial financial institutions.
5. Income Taxes
The effective tax rate on 2017 forecasted income from continuing operations is estimated to be 32.9% as of March 31, 2017, compared with 35.6% for the year ended December 31, 2016. The 2017 tax rate includes discrete benefits of $2.0 million and $0.5 million, respectively, for share-based compensation deductions and the resolution of a transfer pricing dispute with the U.S. and Canadian taxing authorities. The 2016 tax rate included $10.1 million in discrete charges caused by an increase in the valuation allowance, which was partially offset by a discrete benefit of $6.7 million for share-based compensation deductions.
Grace generated U.S. federal tax deductions relating to its emergence from bankruptcy in 2014. The deductions generated U.S. federal NOLs, which Grace has carried forward and expects to utilize in subsequent years. Under U.S. federal income tax law, a corporation is generally permitted to carry forward NOLs for a 20-year period for deduction against future taxable income. Grace also generated U.S. federal tax deductions of $30 million upon payment of the ZAI PD obligation in the 2017 first quarter. (See Note 8.)
The following table summarizes the balance of deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, at March 31, 2017, of $700.2 million:
 
Deferred Tax Asset
(Net of Liabilities)
 
Valuation Allowance
 
Net Deferred Tax Asset
United States—Federal
$
632.8

 
$
(17.7
)
 
$
615.1

United States—States
50.9

 
(11.2
)
 
39.7

Germany
40.2

 

 
40.2

Other foreign
7.7

 
(2.5
)
 
5.2

Total
$
731.6

 
$
(31.4
)
 
$
700.2

Grace will need to generate approximately $1,700 million of U.S. federal taxable income by 2035 (or approximately $95 million per year during the carryforward period) to fully realize the U.S. federal net deferred tax assets.
The following table summarizes expiration dates in jurisdictions where Grace has, or will have, material tax loss and credit carryforwards:
 
Expiration Dates
United States—Federal (NOLs)
2034 - 2035
United States—Federal (Credits)
2019 - 2027
United States—States (NOLs)
2017 - 2035
In evaluating its ability to realize its deferred tax assets, Grace considers all reasonably available positive and negative evidence, including recent earnings experience, expectations of future taxable income and the tax character of that income, the period of time over which the temporary differences become deductible and the carryforward and/or carryback periods available to Grace for tax reporting purposes in the related jurisdiction. In estimating future taxable income, Grace relies upon assumptions and estimates about future activities, including

18




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

5. Income Taxes (Continued)

the amount of future federal, state and international pretax operating income that Grace will generate; the reversal of temporary differences; and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. Grace records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that it believes is more likely than not to be realized.
6. Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans
Pension Plans    The following table presents the funded status of Grace's underfunded and unfunded pension plans:
(In millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Underfunded defined benefit pension plans
$
(82.3
)
 
$
(83.1
)
Unfunded defined benefit pension plans
(348.2
)
 
(341.2
)
Total underfunded and unfunded defined benefit pension plans
(430.5
)
 
(424.3
)
Pension liabilities included in other current liabilities
(14.5
)
 
(14.4
)
Net funded status
$
(445.0
)
 
$
(438.7
)
Underfunded plans include a group of advance-funded plans that are underfunded on a projected benefit obligation ("PBO") basis. Unfunded plans include several plans that are funded on a pay-as-you-go basis, and therefore, the entire PBO is unfunded.
Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost (Income)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Pension
 
Other Post
Retirement
 
Pension
 
Other Post
Retirement
(In millions)
U.S.
 
Non-U.S.
 
 
U.S.
 
Non-U.S.
 
Service cost
$
4.3

 
$
2.0

 
$

 
$
5.0

 
$
2.0

 
$

Interest cost
10.5

 
1.0

 

 
10.5

 
2.0

 

Expected return on plan assets
(14.4
)
 
(0.2
)
 

 
(14.6
)
 
(1.0
)
 

Amortization of prior service credit
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.5
)
 
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.6
)
Amortization of net deferred actuarial loss

 

 
0.1

 

 

 
0.2

Net periodic benefit cost (income)
0.3

 
2.8

 
(0.4
)
 
0.8

 
3.0

 
(0.4
)
Less: discontinued operations

 

 

 
(0.5
)
 
(0.2
)
 

Net periodic benefit cost (income) from continuing operations
$
0.3

 
$
2.8

 
$
(0.4
)
 
$
0.3

 
$
2.8

 
$
(0.4
)
Plan Contributions and Funding    Grace intends to satisfy its funding obligations under the U.S. qualified pension plans and to comply with all of the requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 ("ERISA"). For ERISA purposes, funded status is calculated on a different basis than under U.S. GAAP.
Grace intends to fund non-U.S. pension plans based on applicable legal requirements and actuarial and trustee recommendations.
Defined Contribution Retirement Plan    Grace sponsors a defined contribution retirement plan for its employees in the United States. This plan is qualified under section 401(k) of the U.S. tax code. Currently, Grace contributes an amount equal to 100% of employee contributions, up to 6% of an individual employee's salary or wages. Grace's costs related to this benefit plan for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, were $2.7 million. U.S. salaried employees and certain U.S. hourly employees that are hired on or after January 1, 2017,

19




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

6. Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans (Continued)

and employees in Germany that are hired on or after January 1, 2016, will participate in defined contribution plans instead of defined benefit pension plans.
7. Other Balance Sheet Accounts
(In millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Other Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Environmental contingencies
$
32.0

 
$
32.5

Accrued compensation
30.5

 
49.6

Accrued interest
29.5

 
16.2

Deferred revenue
20.4

 
27.2

Pension liabilities
14.5

 
14.4

Income taxes payable
5.6

 
5.7

Other accrued liabilities
57.1

 
63.3

 
$
189.6

 
$
208.9

Accrued compensation includes salaries and wages as well as estimated current amounts due under the annual and long-term incentive programs.
(In millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Other Liabilities
 
 
 
Environmental contingencies
$
28.8

 
$
33.8

Liability to unconsolidated affiliate
27.0

 
27.0

Asset retirement obligation
9.2

 
10.2

Postretirement liability
7.1

 
7.2

Deferred income taxes
2.9

 
2.8

Other noncurrent liabilities
44.6

 
45.7

 
$
119.6

 
$
126.7

8. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
Over the years, Grace operated numerous types of businesses that are no longer part of its business portfolio. As Grace divested or otherwise ceased operating these businesses, it retained certain liabilities and obligations, which we refer to as legacy liabilities. The principal legacy liabilities are product and environmental liabilities. Although the outcome of each of the matters discussed below cannot be predicted with certainty, Grace has assessed its risk and has made accounting estimates as required under U.S. GAAP.
Legacy Product and Environmental Liabilities
Legacy Product Liabilities    Grace emerged from an asbestos-related Chapter 11 bankruptcy on February 3, 2014 (the "Effective Date"). Under its plan of reorganization, all pending and future asbestos-related claims are channeled for resolution to either a personal injury trust (the "PI Trust") or a property damage trust (the "PD Trust"). The trusts are the sole recourse for holders of asbestos-related claims. The channeling injunctions issued by the bankruptcy court prohibit holders of asbestos-related claims from asserting such claims directly against Grace.
Grace has satisfied all of its financial obligations to the PI Trust. Grace has contingent financial obligations remaining to the PD Trust. With respect to property damage claims related to Grace’s former attic insulation product installed in the U.S. ("ZAI PD Claims"), the PD Trust was funded with $34.4 million on the Effective Date

20




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

8. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Continued)

and $30.0 million on February 3, 2017. Grace is also obligated to make up to 10 contingent deferred payments of $8 million per year to the PD Trust in respect of ZAI PD Claims during the 20-year period beginning on the fifth anniversary of the Effective Date, with each such payment due only if the assets of the PD Trust in respect of ZAI PD Claims fall below $10 million during the preceding year. Grace has not accrued for the 10 additional payments as Grace does not currently believe they are probable. Grace is not obligated to make additional payments to the PD Trust in respect of ZAI PD Claims beyond the payments described above. Grace has satisfied all of its financial obligations with respect to Canadian ZAI PD Claims.
With respect to other asbestos property damage claims ("Other PD Claims"), claims unresolved as of the Effective Date are to be litigated in the bankruptcy court and any future claims are to be litigated in a federal district court, in each case pursuant to procedures approved by the bankruptcy court. To the extent any such Other PD Claims are determined to be allowed claims, they are to be paid in cash by the PD Trust. Grace is obligated to make a payment to the PD Trust every six months in the amount of any Other PD Claims allowed during the preceding six months plus interest (if applicable) and the amount of PD Trust expenses for the preceding six months (the "PD Obligation"). The aggregate amount to be paid under the PD Obligation is not capped and Grace may be obligated to make additional payments to the PD Trust in respect of the PD Obligation. Grace has accrued for those unresolved Other PD Claims that it believes are probable and estimable. Grace has not accrued for other unresolved or unasserted Other PD Claims as it does not believe that payment is probable.
All payments to the PD Trust required after the Effective Date are secured by the Company's obligation to issue 77,372,257 shares of Company common stock to the PD Trust in the event of default, subject to customary anti-dilution provisions.
This summary of the commitments and contingencies related to the Chapter 11 proceeding does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the plan of reorganization and the exhibits and documents related thereto, which have been filed with the SEC.
Legacy Environmental Liabilities    Grace is subject to loss contingencies resulting from extensive and evolving federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations relating to its manufacturing operations. Grace has procedures in place to minimize such contingencies; nevertheless, it has liabilities associated with past operations and additional claims may arise in the future. To address its legacy liabilities, Grace accrues for anticipated costs of response efforts where an assessment has indicated that a probable liability has been incurred and the cost can be reasonably estimated. These accruals do not take into account any discounting for the time value of money.
Grace's environmental liabilities are reassessed regularly and adjusted when circumstances become better defined or response efforts and their costs can be better estimated, typically as a matter moves through the life-cycle of environmental investigation and remediation. These liabilities are evaluated based on currently available information, relating to the nature and extent of contamination, risk assessments, feasibility of response actions, and apportionment amongst other potentially responsible parties, all evaluated in light of prior experience.
At March 31, 2017, Grace's estimated liability for legacy environmental response costs totaled $60.8 million, compared with $66.3 million at December 31, 2016, and was included in "other current liabilities" and "other liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. These amounts are based on agreements in place or on Grace's estimate of costs where no formal remediation plan exists, yet there is sufficient information to estimate response costs.
Vermiculite-Related Matters
Grace purchased a vermiculite mine in Libby, Montana, in 1963 and operated it until 1990. Vermiculite concentrate from the Libby mine was used in the manufacture of attic insulation and other products. Some of the vermiculite ore contained naturally occurring asbestos.
Grace is engaged with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (the "EPA") and other federal, state and local governmental agencies in a remedial investigation and feasibility study ("RI/FS") of the Libby mine and the surrounding area. This RI/FS will determine the specific areas requiring remediation and will identify possible

21




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

8. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Continued)

remedial action alternatives. Possible remedial actions are wide-ranging, from institutional controls such as land use restrictions, to more active measures involving soil removal, containment projects, or other protective measures. Grace expects the RI/FS and a record of decision to be completed in 2018 or 2019. When meaningful new information becomes available, Grace will reevaluate estimated liability for the costs for remediation of the mine and surrounding area and adjust its reserves accordingly.
The EPA is also investigating or remediating formerly owned or operated sites that processed Libby vermiculite into finished products. Grace is cooperating with the EPA on these investigation and remediation activities, and has recorded a liability to the extent that its review has indicated that a probable liability has been incurred and the cost is estimable. These liabilities cover the estimated cost of investigations and, to the extent an assessment has indicated that remediation is necessary, the estimable cost of response actions. Response actions typically involve soil excavation and removal, and replacement with clean fill. The EPA may commence additional investigations in the future at other sites that processed Libby vermiculite, but Grace does not believe, based on its knowledge of prior and current operations and site conditions, that liability for remediation at such other sites is probable.
Grace's total estimated liability for response costs that are currently estimable for the Libby mine and surrounding area, and at vermiculite processing sites outside of Libby at March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, was $26.6 million and $31.2 million, respectively. It is probable that Grace's ultimate liability for these vermiculite-related matters will exceed current estimates by material amounts.
Non-Vermiculite-Related Matters
At March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, Grace's estimated legacy environmental liability for response costs at sites not related to its former vermiculite mining and processing activities was $34.2 million and $35.1 million, respectively. This liability relates to Grace's former businesses or operations, including its share of liability at off-site disposal facilities. Grace's estimated liability is based upon regulatory requirements and environmental conditions at each site. As Grace receives new information its estimated liability may change materially.
Commercial and Financial Commitments and Contingencies
Purchase Commitments    Grace uses purchase commitments to ensure supply and to minimize the volatility of major components of direct manufacturing costs including natural gas, certain metals, rare earths, and other materials. Such commitments are for quantities that Grace fully expects to use in its normal operations.
Guarantees and Indemnification Obligations    Grace is a party to many contracts containing guarantees and indemnification obligations. These contracts primarily consist of:
Product warranties with respect to certain products sold to customers in the ordinary course of business. These warranties typically provide that products will conform to specifications. Grace accrues a warranty liability on a transaction-specific basis depending on the individual facts and circumstances related to each sale.
Performance guarantees offered to customers under certain licensing arrangements. Grace has not established a liability for these arrangements based on past performance.
Licenses of intellectual property by Grace to third parties in which Grace has agreed to indemnify the licensee against third party infringement claims.
Contracts providing for the sale of a former business unit or product line in which Grace has agreed to indemnify the buyer against liabilities related to activities prior to the closing of the transaction, including environmental liabilities.
Contracts related to the Separation in which Grace has agreed to indemnify GCP against liabilities related to activities prior to the closing of the transaction, including tax, employee, and environmental liabilities.

22




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

8. Commitments and Contingent Liabilities (Continued)

Guarantees of real property lease obligations of third parties, typically arising out of (a) leases entered into by former subsidiaries of Grace, or (b) the assignment or sublease of a lease by Grace to a third party.
Financial Assurances    Financial assurances have been established for a variety of purposes, including insurance and environmental matters, trade-related commitments and other matters. At March 31, 2017, Grace had gross financial assurances issued and outstanding of $125.1 million, composed of $39.2 million of surety bonds issued by various insurance companies and $85.9 million of standby letters of credit and other financial assurances issued by various banks.
9. Restructuring Expenses and Repositioning Expenses
Restructuring Expenses    In the 2017 first quarter, Grace incurred costs from restructuring actions, primarily related to workforce reductions as a result of changes in the business environment and its business structure, which are included in "restructuring and repositioning expenses" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Costs in the 2016 first quarter primarily related to the exit of certain non-strategic product lines in the Materials Technologies reportable segment.
The following table presents restructuring expenses by reportable segment for the three months ended March 31, 2017.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Catalysts Technologies
$
0.4

 
$
0.5

Materials Technologies
0.3

 
7.9

Corporate
2.1

 
0.1

Total restructuring expenses
$
2.8

 
$
8.5

These costs are not included in segment operating income. Substantially all costs related to the restructuring programs are expected to be paid by December 31, 2017.
Restructuring Liability
(In millions)
Total
Balance, December 31, 2016
$
9.6

Accruals for severance and other costs
2.5

Payments
(3.8
)
Balance, March 31, 2017
$
8.3

Repositioning Expenses    Pretax repositioning expenses included in continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017, were $(0.5) million compared with $5.1 million for the prior-year quarter. These expenses primarily related to the Separation. Substantially all of these costs have been or are expected to be settled in cash.

23




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

10. Other (Income) Expense, net

Components of other (income) expense, net are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Chapter 11 expenses, net
$
0.9

 
$
1.2

Currency transaction effects
0.5

 
0.5

Net (gain) loss on sales of investments and disposals of assets
0.4

 
0.5

Interest income
(0.2
)
 
(0.2
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
11.1

Other miscellaneous (income) expense
(3.8
)
 
(2.4
)
Total other (income) expense, net
$
(2.2
)
 
$
10.7

See Note 3 for more information related to Grace's 2016 early extinguishment of debt.
11. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables present the pre-tax, tax, and after-tax components of Grace's other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(In millions)
Pre-Tax Amount
 
Tax Benefit/ (Expense)
 
After-Tax Amount
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans:
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of net prior service credit included in net periodic benefit cost
$
(0.6
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
(0.4
)
Amortization of net deferred actuarial loss included in net periodic benefit cost
0.1

 

 
0.1

Benefit plans, net
(0.5
)
 
0.2

 
(0.3
)
Currency translation adjustments
(1.4
)
 

 
(1.4
)
Gain (loss) from hedging activities
0.9

 
(0.2
)
 
0.7

Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
(1.0
)
 
$

 
$
(1.0
)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
(In millions)
Pre-Tax Amount
 
Tax Benefit/ (Expense)
 
After-Tax Amount
Defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans:
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of net prior service credit included in net periodic benefit cost
$
(0.7
)
 
$
0.3

 
$
(0.4
)
Amortization of net deferred actuarial loss included in net periodic benefit cost
0.2

 
(0.1
)
 
0.1

Benefit plans, net
(0.5
)
 
0.2

 
(0.3
)
Currency translation adjustments
(5.4
)
 

 
(5.4
)
Gain (loss) from hedging activities
(4.7
)
 
1.7

 
(3.0
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
(10.6
)
 
$
1.9

 
$
(8.7
)

24




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

11. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Continued)

The following tables present the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
(In millions)
Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Gain (loss) from Hedging Activities
 
Total
Beginning balance
$
2.2

 
$
67.6

 
$
(3.4
)
 
$
66.4

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

 
(1.4
)
 

 
(1.4
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.3
)
 

 
0.7

 
0.4

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.3
)
 
(1.4
)
 
0.7

 
(1.0
)
Ending balance
$
1.9

 
$
66.2

 
$
(2.7
)
 
$
65.4

Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
(In millions)
Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans
 
Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Gain (loss) from Hedging Activities
 
Total
Beginning balance
$
3.0

 
$
(66.1
)
 
$
(3.7
)
 
$
(66.8
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

 
(5.4
)
 
(3.4
)
 
(8.8
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.3
)
 

 
0.4

 
0.1

Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
(0.3
)
 
(5.4
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(8.7
)
Distribution of GCP
(0.2
)
 
135.5

 

 
135.3

Ending balance
$
2.5

 
$
64.0

 
$
(6.7
)
 
$
59.8

Grace is a global enterprise operating in many countries with local currency generally deemed to be the functional currency for accounting purposes. The currency translation amount represents the adjustments necessary to translate the balance sheets valued in local currencies to the U.S. dollar as of the end of each period presented, and to translate revenues and expenses at average exchange rates for each period presented.
See Note 4 for a discussion of hedging activities. See Note 6 for a discussion of pension plans and other postretirement benefit plans.

25




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

12. Earnings Per Share

The following table shows a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators used in calculating basic and diluted earnings per share.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions, except per share amounts)
2017
 
2016
Numerators
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
42.9

 
$
10.4

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(9.9
)
Net income (loss) attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
$
42.9

 
$
0.5

Denominators
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares—basic calculation
68.3

 
70.6

Dilutive effect of employee stock options
0.2

 
0.5

Weighted average common shares—diluted calculation
68.5


71.1

Basic earnings per share attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.63

 
$
0.15

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(0.14
)
Net income (loss)
$
0.63

 
$
0.01

Diluted earnings per share attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.63

 
$
0.15

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

 
(0.14
)
Net income (loss)
$
0.63

 
$
0.01

There were 1.4 million anti-dilutive options outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared with 1.1 million for the prior-year quarter.
On February 5, 2015, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had authorized a share repurchase program of up to $500 million. As of March 31, 2017, $23.9 million remained under this authorization. On February 8, 2017, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $250 million, expected to be completed over the next 24 to 36 months at the discretion of management. The timing of the repurchases and the actual amount repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including the market price of the Company's shares, the strategic deployment of capital, and general market and economic conditions. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company repurchased 142,371 shares and 210,100 shares of Company common stock for $10.0 million and $15.0 million, respectively, pursuant to the terms of the share repurchase programs.
13. Segment Information
Grace is a global producer of specialty chemicals and specialty materials. Grace's two reportable business segments are Grace Catalysts Technologies and Grace Materials Technologies. Grace Catalysts Technologies includes catalysts and related products and technologies used in refining, petrochemical and other chemical manufacturing applications. Advanced Refining Technologies (ART), Grace's joint venture with Chevron Products Company, a division of Chevron U.S.A. Inc. ("Chevron"), is managed in this segment. (See Note 14.) Grace Catalysts Technologies comprises two operating segments, Grace Refining Technologies and Grace Specialty Catalysts, which are aggregated into one reportable segment based upon similar economic characteristics, the nature of the products and production processes, type and class of customer, and channels of distribution. Grace Materials Technologies includes specialty materials, including silica-based and silica-alumina-based materials, used in coatings, consumer, industrial, and pharmaceutical applications. The table below presents information related to Grace's reportable segments. Only those corporate expenses directly related to the reportable

26




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

13. Segment Information (Continued)

segments are allocated for reporting purposes. All remaining corporate items are reported separately and labeled as such.
Grace excludes defined benefit pension expense from the calculation of segment operating income. Grace believes that the exclusion of defined benefit pension expense provides a better indicator of its reportable segment performance as defined benefit pension expense is not managed at a reportable segment level.
Grace defines Adjusted EBIT to be income from continuing operations attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders adjusted for interest income and expense; income taxes; costs related to Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental; restructuring and repositioning expenses and asset impairments; pension costs other than service and interest costs, expected returns on plan assets, and amortization of prior service costs/credits; income and expense items related to divested businesses, product lines, and certain other investments; gains and losses on sales of businesses, product lines, and certain other investments; third-party acquisition-related costs and the amortization of acquired inventory fair value adjustment; and certain other items that are not representative of underlying trends.
Reportable Segment Data
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Net Sales
 
 
 
Catalysts Technologies
$
293.8

 
$
260.6

Materials Technologies
104.2

 
102.2

Total
$
398.0

 
$
362.8

Adjusted EBIT
 
 
 
Catalysts Technologies segment operating income
$
81.2

 
$
78.3

Materials Technologies segment operating income
24.8

 
20.6

Corporate costs
(16.1
)
 
(13.2
)
Certain pension costs
(3.1
)
 
(3.1
)
Total
$
86.8

 
$
82.6

Corporate costs include corporate support function costs and other corporate costs such as professional fees and insurance premiums. Certain pension costs include only ongoing costs recognized quarterly, which include service and interest costs, expected returns on plan assets, and amortization of prior service costs/credits.

27




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

13. Segment Information (Continued)

Reconciliation of Reportable Segment Data to Financial Statements    Grace Adjusted EBIT for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, is reconciled below to income from continuing operations before income taxes presented in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Grace Adjusted EBIT
$
86.8

 
$
82.6

Restructuring and repositioning expenses
(2.3
)
 
(13.6
)
(Costs) benefit related to Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental, net
(2.1
)
 
(4.4
)
Pension MTM adjustment and other related costs, net
(1.9
)
 
0.2

Income and expense items related to divested businesses
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 
(11.1
)
Interest expense, net
(19.3
)
 
(21.8
)
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
(0.2
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
$
60.9

 
$
31.4

Geographic Area Data    The table below presents information related to the geographic areas in which Grace operates. Sales are attributed to geographic areas based on customer location.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Net Sales
 
 
 
United States
$
103.7

 
$
108.2

Canada and Puerto Rico
12.0

 
10.7

Total North America
115.7

 
118.9

Europe Middle East Africa
148.7

 
142.4

Asia Pacific
99.9

 
72.1

Latin America
33.7

 
29.4

Total
$
398.0

 
$
362.8

14. Unconsolidated Affiliate
Grace accounts for its 50% ownership interest in ART, its joint venture with Chevron, using the equity method of accounting. Grace's investment in ART amounted to $124.9 million and $117.6 million as of March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016, respectively, and the amount included in "equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliate" in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations totaled $7.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017, compared with $6.9 million for the prior-year quarter. ART is a private, limited liability company, taxed as a partnership, and accordingly does not have a quoted market price available. The following summary presents ART's results of operations.

28




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

14. Unconsolidated Affiliate (Continued)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Summary of Statement of Operations information:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
97.4

 
$
64.0

Costs and expenses applicable to net sales
78.9

 
48.2

Income before income taxes
14.2

 
13.9

Net income
14.0

 
13.8

Grace and ART transact business on a regular basis and maintain several agreements in order to operate the joint venture. These agreements are treated as related party activities with an unconsolidated affiliate. Sales to ART are accounted for on a net basis, with a mark-up, in "cost of goods sold" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. Grace also receives reimbursement from ART for fixed costs, research and development, selling, general and administrative services and depreciation. Grace records reimbursements against the respective line items on Grace's Consolidated Statement of Operations. The table below presents summary financial data related to transactions between Grace and ART.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2017
 
2016
Grace sales of catalysts to ART
$
51.4

 
$
56.5

Charges for fixed costs, research and development, selling, general and administrative services, and depreciation to ART
10.4

 
6.2

The table below lists Grace balances related to ART.
(in millions)
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
Trade accounts receivable
$
2.1

 
$
14.9

Noncurrent asset
27.0

 
27.0

Accounts payable
27.9

 
28.7

Debt payable within one year
7.9

 
7.6

Debt payable after one year
32.2

 
31.9

Noncurrent liability
27.0

 
27.0

The noncurrent asset and noncurrent liability in the table above represent spending to date related to a planned residue hydroprocessing catalyst production plant in Lake Charles, Louisiana. Grace manages the design and construction of the plant, and the asset will be included in "other assets" in Grace's Consolidated Balance Sheets until construction is completed. Grace has likewise recorded a liability for the transfer of the asset to ART upon completion, included in "other liabilities" in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Grace and Chevron provide lines of credit in the amount of $15.0 million each at a commitment fee of 0.1% of the credit amount. These agreements have been approved by the ART Executive Committee for renewal until February 24, 2018. No amounts were outstanding at March 31, 2017, and December 31, 2016.
15. Discontinued Operations
As a result of the Separation and Distribution, GCP is now an independent public company and its common stock is listed under the symbol "GCP" on the New York Stock Exchange. Grace does not beneficially own any shares of GCP common stock and will not consolidate the financial results of GCP in its future financial reporting, as GCP is no longer a related party to Grace subsequent to the Separation. GCP’s historical financial results through the Distribution Date are reflected in Grace’s Consolidated Financial Statements as discontinued

29




Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

15. Discontinued Operations (Continued)

operations. For a summary of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the related Tax Sharing Agreement, see Note 21, "Discontinued Operations" to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Grace's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. Grace has filed the full texts of the Separation and Distribution Agreement and the Tax Sharing Agreement with the SEC, which are readily available on the Internet at www.sec.gov.
GCP's historical financial results through the Distribution Date and other effects of the Separation are presented as discontinued operations as summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)
2016
Net sales
$
99.6

Cost of goods sold
62.6

Gross profit
37.0

Selling, general and administrative expenses
21.6

Research and development expenses
1.7

Repositioning expenses
22.0

Interest expense and related financing costs
0.7

Other expense, net
0.9

Total costs and expenses
46.9

(Loss) Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
(9.9
)
Benefit from (provision for) income taxes
0.1

(Loss) Income from discontinued operations after income taxes
(9.8
)
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.1
)
Net (loss) income from discontinued operations
$
(9.9
)
In January 2016, GCP completed the sale of $525.0 million aggregate principal amount of 9.500% Senior Notes due in 2023. GCP used a portion of these proceeds to fund a $500.0 million distribution to Grace in connection with the Separation and the Distribution.
In February 2016, GCP entered into a credit agreement that provides for new senior secured credit facilities in an aggregate principal amount of $525.0 million, consisting of term loans in an aggregate principal amount of $275.0 million maturing in 2022 and of revolving loans in an aggregate principal amount of $250.0 million maturing in 2021, which were undrawn at closing. GCP used a portion of these proceeds to fund a $250.0 million distribution to Grace in connection with the Separation and the Distribution.

30


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We generally refer to the quarter ended March 31, 2017, as the "first quarter," and the quarter ended March 31, 2016, as the "prior-year quarter." See Analysis of Operations for a discussion of our non-GAAP performance measures. Our references to "emerging regions" refer to emerging and developing regions as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
Results of Operations
First Quarter Performance Summary
Following is a summary of our financial performance for the first quarter compared with the prior-year quarter.
Net sales increased 9.7% to $398.0 million.
Income from continuing operations attributable to Grace was $42.9 million or $0.63 per diluted share. Adjusted EPS increased 11.5% to $0.68 per diluted share.
Adjusted EBIT increased 5.1% to $86.8 million.
Adjusted EBITDA increased 7.7% to $113.9 million.
Summary Description of Business
We are engaged in specialty chemicals and specialty materials businesses on a worldwide basis through our two reportable segments.
Grace Catalysts Technologies produces and sells catalysts and related products and technologies used in refining, petrochemical and other chemical manufacturing applications, as follows:
Fluid catalytic cracking catalysts, also called FCC catalysts, that help to "crack" the hydrocarbon chain in distilled crude oil to produce transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel fuels, and other petroleum-based products; and FCC additives used to reduce sulfur in gasoline, maximize propylene production from refinery FCC units, and reduce emissions of sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide from refinery FCC units.
Hydroprocessing catalysts (HPC), most of which are marketed through our ART joint venture with Chevron in which we hold a 50% economic interest, that are used in process reactors to upgrade heavy oils into lighter, more useful products by removing impurities such as nitrogen, sulfur and heavy metals, allowing less expensive feedstocks to be used in the petroleum refining process (ART is not consolidated in our financial statements, so ART's sales are excluded from our sales).
Polyolefin catalysts and catalyst supports, also called specialty catalysts (SC), for the production of polypropylene and polyethylene thermoplastic resins, which can be customized to enhance the performance of a wide range of industrial and consumer end-use applications including high pressure pipe, geomembranes, food packaging, automotive parts, medical devices, and textiles; chemical catalysts used in a variety of industrial, environmental and consumer applications; and gas-phase polypropylene process technology, which provides our licensees with a reliable capability to manufacture polypropylene products for a broad array of end-use applications.
Grace Materials Technologies produces and sells specialty materials, including silica-based and silica-alumina-based materials, used in coatings, consumer, industrial, and pharmaceutical applications, as follows:
Coatings and print media applications, functional additives that provide matting effects and corrosion protection for industrial and consumer coatings and media and paper products to enhance quality in ink jet coatings.
Consumer/Pharma applications, as a free-flow agent, carrier or processing aid in food and personal care products; as a toothpaste abrasive and thickener; and for the processing and stabilization of

31


edible oils and beverages; as well as pharmaceutical, life science and related applications including silica-based separation media, excipients and pharmaceutical intermediates.
Chemical Process applications, such as tires and rubber, plastics, precision investment casting, refractory, insulating glass windows, adsorbents for use in petrochemical and natural gas processes and biofuels, various functions such as reinforcement, high temperature binding and moisture scavenging.
Global Scope
We operate our business on a global scale with approximately 72% of our annual 2016 sales and 74% of our three months sales to customers located outside the United States. We operate and/or sell to customers in over 60 countries and do business in 30 currencies. We manage our operating segments on a global basis, to serve global markets. Currency fluctuations affect our reported results of operations, cash flows, and financial position.
Analysis of Operations
We have set forth in the table below our key operating statistics with percentage changes for the first quarter compared with the prior-year quarter. Please refer to this Analysis of Operations when reviewing this Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. In the table we present financial information in accordance with U.S. GAAP, as well as the non-GAAP financial information described below. We believe that the non-GAAP financial information provides useful supplemental information about the performance of our businesses, improves period-to-period comparability and provides clarity on the information our management uses to evaluate the performance of our businesses. In the table, we have provided reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for financial measures calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and the financial results calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and reconciliations from those results should be evaluated carefully.
We define Adjusted EBIT (a non-GAAP financial measure) to be income from continuing operations attributable to W. R. Grace & Co. shareholders adjusted for interest income and expense; income taxes; costs related to Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental; restructuring and repositioning expenses and asset impairments; pension costs other than service and interest costs, expected returns on plan assets, and amortization of prior service costs/credits; income and expense items related to divested businesses, product lines, and certain other investments; gains and losses on sales of businesses, product lines, and certain other investments; third-party acquisition-related costs and the amortization of acquired inventory fair value adjustment; and certain other items that are not representative of underlying trends.
We define Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure) to be Adjusted EBIT adjusted for depreciation and amortization.
We define Adjusted EBIT Return On Invested Capital (a non-GAAP financial measure) to be Adjusted EBIT (on a trailing four quarters basis) divided by the sum of net working capital, properties and equipment and certain other assets and liabilities.
We define Adjusted Gross Margin (a non-GAAP financial measure) to be gross margin adjusted for pension-related costs included in cost of goods sold and the amortization of acquired inventory fair value adjustment.
We define Adjusted Earnings Per Share (EPS) (a non-GAAP financial measure) to be diluted EPS from continuing operations adjusted for costs related to Chapter 11, and legacy product and environmental; restructuring and repositioning expenses and asset impairments; pension costs other than service and interest costs, expected returns on plan assets, and amortization of prior service costs/credits; income and expense items related to divested businesses, product lines, and certain other investments; gains and losses on sales of businesses, product lines and certain other investments; third-party acquisition-related costs and the amortization of acquired inventory fair value adjustment; certain other items that are not representative of underlying trends; and certain discrete tax items.

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We use Adjusted EBIT as a performance measure in significant business decisions and in determining certain incentive compensation. We use Adjusted EBIT as a performance measure because it provides improved period-to-period comparability for decision making and compensation purposes, and because it better measures the ongoing earnings results of our strategic and operating decisions by excluding the earnings effects of our Chapter 11 proceedings, legacy product and environmental matters, restructuring and repositioning activities, divested businesses, and the effects of acquisitions.
We use Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBIT Return On Invested Capital, Adjusted Gross Margin, and Adjusted EPS as performance measures and may use these measures in determining certain incentive compensation.
Adjusted EBIT, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBIT Return On Invested Capital, Adjusted Gross Margin, and Adjusted EPS do not purport to represent income measures as defined under U.S. GAAP, and should not be used as alternatives to such measures as an indicator of our performance. These measures are provided to investors and others to improve the period-to-period comparability and peer-to-peer comparability of our financial results, and to ensure that investors understand the information we use to evaluate the performance of our businesses. These measures may have material limitations due to the exclusion or inclusion of amounts that are included or excluded, respectively, in the most directly comparable measures calculated and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and thus investors and others should review carefully the financial results calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
Adjusted EBIT has material limitations as an operating performance measure because it excludes costs related to Chapter 11 and legacy product and environmental matters and may exclude income and expenses from restructuring and repositioning activities and divested businesses, which historically have been material components of our net income. Adjusted EBITDA also has material limitations as an operating performance measure because it excludes the impact of depreciation and amortization expense. Our business is substantially dependent on the successful deployment of capital, and depreciation and amortization expense is a necessary element of our costs. We compensate for the limitations of these measurements by using these indicators together with net income as measured under U.S. GAAP to present a complete analysis of our results of operations. Adjusted EBIT and Adjusted EBITDA should be evaluated together with net income measured under U.S. GAAP for a complete understanding of our results of operations.

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Analysis of Operations
(In millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
Catalysts Technologies
$
293.8

 
$
260.6

 
12.7
 %
Materials Technologies
104.2

 
102.2

 
2.0
 %
Total Grace net sales
$
398.0

 
$
362.8

 
9.7
 %
Net sales by region:
 
 
 
 
 
North America
$
115.7

 
$
118.9

 
(2.7
)%
Europe Middle East Africa
148.7

 
142.4

 
4.4
 %
Asia Pacific
99.9

 
72.1

 
38.6
 %
Latin America
33.7

 
29.4

 
14.6
 %
Total net sales by region
$
398.0