Attached files

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EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. - HORTON D R INC /DE/a3312017exhibit322.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. - HORTON D R INC /DE/a3312017exhibit321.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302(A) - HORTON D R INC /DE/a3312017exhibit312.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO SECTION 302(A) - HORTON D R INC /DE/a3312017exhibit311.htm
EX-12.1 - RATIO COMPUTATION - HORTON D R INC /DE/a3312017exhibit121.htm

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2017
Commission file number 1-14122
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
D.R. Horton, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
75-2386963
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
301 Commerce Street, Suite 500,
Fort Worth, Texas 76102
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(817) 390-8200
 
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Not Applicable
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ý
 
Accelerated filer ¨
 
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
(Do not check if a 
smaller reporting company)
 
Smaller reporting company  ¨
 
Emerging growth company  ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common stock, $.01 par value – 375,577,233 shares as of April 19, 2017



D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 



2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
947.9

 
$
1,271.8

Restricted cash
11.1

 
9.5

Inventories:
 
 
 
Construction in progress and finished homes
4,642.6

 
4,034.7

Residential land and lots — developed and under development
4,242.2

 
4,135.2

Land held for development
128.4

 
137.8

Land held for sale
24.9

 
33.2

 
9,038.1

 
8,340.9

Deferred income taxes, net of valuation allowance of $10.3 million at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016
451.6

 
476.3

Property and equipment, net
167.6

 
139.5

Other assets
463.4

 
456.2

Goodwill
80.0

 
80.0

 
11,159.7

 
10,774.2

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
45.3

 
31.4

Mortgage loans held for sale
577.8

 
654.0

Property and equipment, net
80.5

 
55.9

Other assets
57.8

 
43.4

 
761.4

 
784.7

Total assets
$
11,921.1

 
$
11,558.9

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
530.3

 
$
537.0

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
897.7

 
917.1

Notes payable
2,803.4

 
2,798.3

 
4,231.4

 
4,252.4

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
Accounts payable and other liabilities
50.6

 
40.5

Mortgage repurchase facility
419.0

 
473.0

 
469.6

 
513.5

Total liabilities
4,701.0

 
4,765.9

Commitments and contingencies (Note K)


 


EQUITY
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.10 par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued

 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 382,731,504 shares issued and 375,531,433 shares outstanding at March 31, 2017
and 380,123,258 shares issued and 372,923,187 shares outstanding at September 30, 2016
3.8

 
3.8

Additional paid-in capital
2,931.5

 
2,865.8

Retained earnings
4,418.6

 
4,057.2

Treasury stock, 7,200,071 shares at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, at cost
(134.3
)
 
(134.3
)
Stockholders’ equity
7,219.6

 
6,792.5

Noncontrolling interests
0.5

 
0.5

Total equity
7,220.1

 
6,793.0

Total liabilities and equity
$
11,921.1

 
$
11,558.9


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


3


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Home sales
$
3,158.1

 
$
2,686.0

 
$
5,955.8

 
$
5,026.9

Land/lot sales and other
6.3

 
15.0

 
34.7

 
35.2

 
3,164.4

 
2,701.0

 
5,990.5

 
5,062.1

Cost of sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Home sales
2,532.1

 
2,151.3

 
4,776.9

 
4,025.6

Land/lot sales and other
5.6

 
12.0

 
26.4

 
27.9

Inventory and land option charges
12.2

 
6.0

 
14.5

 
7.9

 
2,549.9

 
2,169.3

 
4,817.8

 
4,061.4

Gross profit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Home sales
626.0

 
534.7

 
1,178.9

 
1,001.3

Land/lot sales and other
0.7

 
3.0

 
8.3

 
7.3

Inventory and land option charges
(12.2
)
 
(6.0
)
 
(14.5
)
 
(7.9
)
 
614.5

 
531.7

 
1,172.7

 
1,000.7

Selling, general and administrative expense
294.5

 
257.4

 
562.9

 
499.1

Other (income) expense
(2.4
)
 
(7.6
)
 
(6.5
)
 
(9.3
)
Homebuilding pre-tax income
322.4

 
281.9

 
616.3

 
510.9

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
86.9

 
66.9

 
165.0

 
122.2

General and administrative expense
60.7

 
51.8

 
118.1

 
99.6

Interest and other (income) expense
(5.3
)
 
(3.5
)
 
(8.9
)
 
(8.3
)
Financial services and other pre-tax income
31.5

 
18.6

 
55.8

 
30.9

Income before income taxes
353.9

 
300.5

 
672.1

 
541.8

Income tax expense
124.7

 
105.4

 
236.0

 
189.0

Net income
$
229.2

 
$
195.1

 
$
436.1

 
$
352.8

Other comprehensive income, net of income tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities collateralized by residential real estate:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net change in unrealized gain

 

 

 
1.2

Reclassification adjustment for net gain realized in net income

 
(2.6
)
 

 
(2.6
)
Comprehensive income
$
229.2

 
$
192.5

 
$
436.1

 
$
351.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per common share
$
0.61

 
$
0.53

 
$
1.17

 
$
0.95

Net income per common share assuming dilution
$
0.60

 
$
0.52

 
$
1.15

 
$
0.94

Cash dividends declared per common share
$
0.10

 
$
0.08

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.16


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


4


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
436.1

 
$
352.8

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
27.3

 
27.6

Amortization of discounts and fees
2.6

 
2.8

Stock based compensation expense
26.1

 
24.3

Excess income tax benefit from employee stock awards
(8.7
)
 
(3.9
)
Deferred income taxes
24.1

 
29.6

Inventory and land option charges
14.5

 
7.9

Gain on sale of debt securities collateralized by residential real estate

 
(4.5
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Increase in construction in progress and finished homes
(603.5
)
 
(652.8
)
(Increase) decrease in residential land and lots –
     developed, under development, held for development and held for sale
(96.3
)
 
235.9

(Increase) decrease in other assets
(29.9
)
 
36.6

Decrease in mortgage loans held for sale
75.5

 
14.9

Decrease in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
(8.6
)
 
(44.3
)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
(140.8
)
 
26.9

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(57.5
)
 
(40.4
)
Increase in restricted cash
(8.9
)
 
(1.7
)
Net principal decrease (increase) of other mortgage loans and real estate owned
1.0

 
(0.4
)
(Purchases of) proceeds from debt securities collateralized by residential real estate
(3.9
)
 
35.8

Payments related to acquisition of a business
(4.1
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(73.4
)
 
(6.7
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from notes payable

 
17.6

Repayment of notes payable
(54.5
)
 
(170.6
)
Proceeds from stock associated with certain employee benefit plans
24.7

 
28.4

Excess income tax benefit from employee stock awards
8.7

 
3.9

Cash dividends paid
(74.7
)
 
(59.2
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(95.8
)
 
(179.9
)
DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(310.0
)
 
(159.7
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
1,303.2

 
1,383.8

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
993.2

 
$
1,224.1

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash activities:
 
 
 
Notes payable issued for inventory
$
4.5

 
$
2.9

Stock issued under employee incentive plans
$
31.7

 
$
19.7


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


5


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
March 31, 2017


NOTE A – BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited, consolidated financial statements include the accounts of D.R. Horton, Inc. and all of its 100% owned, majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries (which are collectively referred to as the Company, unless the context otherwise requires). All intercompany accounts, transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all adjustments considered necessary to fairly state the results for the interim periods shown, including normal recurring accruals and other items. These financial statements, including the consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2016, which was derived from audited financial statements, do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Reclassifications

In addition to its core homebuilding and financial services operations, the Company owns subsidiaries that engage in other business activities. These other business activities include insurance-related operations, the construction and operation of rental real estate properties, investments in non-residential real estate including ranch land and improvements and the operation of oil and gas related assets. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016, the Company reclassified the assets, liabilities and operating results of these subsidiaries from the Homebuilding sections of its balance sheet and statement of operations to the Financial Services and Other sections. The statement of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016 reflects the reclassification of $0.8 million and $2.5 million, respectively, of general and administrative expenses and $2.0 million and $3.7 million, respectively, of other income from the Homebuilding section to the Financial Services and Other section. These reclassifications had no effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations. As other prior period financial information is presented in future filings, the Company will make similar reclassifications within the consolidated financial statements.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an initial maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Proceeds from home closings held for the Company’s benefit at title companies are included in homebuilding cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheets.

Cash balances of the Company’s captive insurance subsidiary, which are expected to be used to fund the subsidiary’s operations and pay future anticipated legal claims, were $39.4 million and $40.5 million at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively, and are included in homebuilding cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheets.

Seasonality

Historically, the homebuilding industry has experienced seasonal fluctuations; therefore, the operating results for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2017 or subsequent periods.


6


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance. The core principle of this guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services equal to the amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2018 and allows for full retrospective or modified retrospective methods of adoption. The Company is continuing to evaluate the effect of adopting ASU 2014-09 and the manner in which it will adopt the new standard.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory,” which simplifies the subsequent measurement of inventory, excluding inventory measured using the last-in, first-out or retail inventory methods. The guidance specifies that inventory currently measured at the lower of cost or market, where market could be determined with different methods, should now be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2017 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, “Financial Instruments - Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2018 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases,” which requires that lease assets and liabilities be recognized on the balance sheet, and that key information about leasing arrangements be disclosed. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2019, although early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation,” which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2017 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses,” which replaces the current incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information in determining credit loss estimates. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2020 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments,” which amends and clarifies the current guidance to reduce diversity in practice of the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2018 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows - Restricted Cash,” which requires amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the total beginning and ending amounts for the periods shown on the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2018 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or cash flows.




7


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, “Business Combinations - Clarifying the Definition of a Business,” which clarifies the definition of a business for determining whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2018 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other.” The guidance simplifies the measurement of goodwill impairment by removing the second step of the goodwill impairment test, which requires the determination of the fair value of individual assets and liabilities of a reporting unit. Under the new guidance, goodwill impairment is measured as the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value with the loss recognized limited to the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The guidance is effective for the Company beginning October 1, 2020 and is not expected to have a material impact on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.


NOTE B – SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company is a national homebuilder that is primarily engaged in the acquisition and development of land and the construction and sale of residential homes, with operations in 78 markets in 26 states across the United States. The Company designs, builds and sells single-family detached homes on lots it develops and on fully developed lots purchased ready for home construction. To a lesser extent, the Company also builds and sells attached homes, such as townhomes, duplexes, triplexes and condominiums. Periodically, the Company sells land and lots to other developers and homebuilders where it has excess land and lot positions or for other strategic reasons. The homebuilding operations generate most of their revenues from the sale of completed homes, with a lesser amount from the sale of land and lots.

The Company’s financial services segment provides mortgage financing and title agency services to homebuyers in many of the Company’s homebuilding markets. The segment generates the substantial majority of its revenues from originating and selling mortgages and collecting fees for title insurance agency and closing services. The Company sells substantially all of the mortgages it originates and the related servicing rights to third-party purchasers.

In addition to the Company’s core homebuilding and financial services operations, the Company has subsidiaries that engage in other business activities. These subsidiaries conduct insurance-related operations, construct and own income-producing rental properties, own non-residential real estate including ranch land and improvements and own and operate oil and gas related assets.

The Company’s operating segments are its 41 homebuilding divisions, its financial services operations and its other business activities. The homebuilding operating segments are aggregated into six reporting segments and the financial services segment is its own reporting segment. The Company’s reportable homebuilding segments are: East, Midwest, Southeast, South Central, Southwest and West. These reporting segments have homebuilding operations located in the following states:
 
East:
 
Delaware, Georgia (Savannah only), Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Virginia
 
Midwest:
 
Colorado, Illinois and Minnesota
 
Southeast:
 
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee
 
South Central:
 
Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas
 
Southwest:
 
Arizona and New Mexico
 
West:
 
California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Washington


8


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017


The accounting policies of the reporting segments are described throughout Note A included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2016. Financial information relating to the Company’s reporting segments is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
East
 
$
372.6

 
$
309.0

 
$
678.6

 
$
607.2

Midwest
 
168.7

 
162.1

 
319.8

 
285.4

Southeast
 
969.0

 
812.0

 
1,852.4

 
1,523.6

South Central
 
815.4

 
694.7

 
1,572.3

 
1,307.2

Southwest
 
126.7

 
79.9

 
235.2

 
153.8

West
 
712.0

 
643.3

 
1,332.2

 
1,184.9

Homebuilding revenues
 
3,164.4

 
2,701.0

 
5,990.5

 
5,062.1

Financial services revenues
 
86.9

 
66.9

 
165.0

 
122.2

Total revenues
 
$
3,251.3

 
$
2,767.9

 
$
6,155.5

 
$
5,184.3

Inventory Impairments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
East
 
$
5.8

 
$
3.2

 
$
5.8

 
$
3.2

Midwest
 

 

 

 

Southeast
 

 

 

 
0.2

South Central
 
1.4

 

 
1.4

 

Southwest
 

 

 

 

West
 
2.2

 

 
2.2

 
0.3

Total inventory impairments
 
$
9.4

 
$
3.2

 
$
9.4

 
$
3.7

Income Before Income Taxes (1) (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Homebuilding pre-tax income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
East
 
$
25.9

 
$
22.6

 
$
52.2

 
$
50.4

Midwest
 
0.7

 
8.9

 
10.9

 
15.9

Southeast
 
113.1

 
94.5

 
212.7

 
171.4

South Central
 
105.8

 
88.7

 
202.3

 
153.3

Southwest
 
7.2

 
2.0

 
11.2

 
4.7

West
 
69.7

 
65.2

 
127.0

 
115.2

Homebuilding pre-tax income
 
322.4

 
281.9

 
616.3

 
510.9

Financial services pre-tax income
 
32.2

 
20.1

 
58.8

 
33.3

Homebuilding and financial services pre-tax income
 
354.6

 
302.0

 
675.1

 
544.2

Other pre-tax loss
 
(0.7
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(3.0
)
 
(2.4
)
Income before income taxes
 
$
353.9

 
$
300.5

 
$
672.1

 
$
541.8

___________________
(1)
Expenses maintained at the corporate level consist primarily of interest and property taxes, which are capitalized and amortized to cost of sales or expensed directly, and the expenses related to operating the Company’s corporate office. The amortization of capitalized interest and property taxes is allocated to each segment based on the segment’s cost of sales, while expenses associated with the corporate office are allocated to each segment based on the segment’s inventory balances.
(2)
The operating results of certain subsidiaries that were previously included with the Company’s homebuilding operations are now grouped together and presented as other. The operating results of these subsidiaries are immaterial for separate reporting. The prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.


9


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding Inventories (1)
 
 
 
 
East
 
$
1,032.1

 
$
891.1

Midwest
 
464.3

 
441.2

Southeast
 
2,293.1

 
2,070.3

South Central
 
2,193.7

 
2,075.6

Southwest
 
399.3

 
371.1

West
 
2,415.2

 
2,247.6

Corporate and unallocated (2)
 
240.4

 
244.0

Total homebuilding inventories
 
$
9,038.1

 
$
8,340.9

______________

(1)
Homebuilding inventories are the only assets included in the measure of homebuilding segment assets used by the Company’s chief operating decision makers.
(2)
Corporate and unallocated consists primarily of capitalized interest and property taxes.



NOTE C – INVENTORY

At March 31, 2017, the Company reviewed the performance and outlook for all of its communities and land inventories for indicators of potential impairment and performed detailed impairment evaluations and analyses when necessary. The Company performed detailed impairment evaluations of communities and land inventories with a combined carrying value of $103.8 million and recorded impairment charges of $9.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2017 to reduce the carrying value of impaired communities and land to their estimated fair value. During the six months ended March 31, 2017, impairment charges totaled $9.4 million. There were $3.2 million and $3.7 million of impairment charges recorded in the three and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively.

During the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, the Company wrote off $2.8 million and $5.1 million, respectively, of earnest money deposits and pre-acquisition costs related to land option contracts that the Company has terminated or expects to terminate. Earnest money and pre-acquisition cost write-offs for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016 were $2.8 million and $4.2 million, respectively.


10


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE D – NOTES PAYABLE

The Company’s notes payable at their principal amounts, net of debt issuance costs, consist of the following:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
Unsecured:
 
 
 
 
Revolving credit facility, maturing 2020
 
$

 
$

4.75% senior notes due 2017
 
349.9

 
349.5

3.625% senior notes due 2018
 
399.3

 
398.9

3.75% senior notes due 2019
 
498.4

 
498.0

4.0% senior notes due 2020
 
497.5

 
497.1

4.375% senior notes due 2022
 
347.9

 
347.7

4.75% senior notes due 2023
 
298.3

 
298.2

5.75% senior notes due 2023
 
397.5

 
397.3

Other secured notes
 
14.6

 
11.6

 
 
$
2,803.4

 
$
2,798.3

Financial Services:
 
 
 
 
Mortgage repurchase facility, maturing 2018
 
$
419.0

 
$
473.0


Debt issuance costs that were deducted from the carrying amounts of the senior notes totaled $11.3 million and $13.3 million at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively. These costs are capitalized into inventory as they are amortized.

Homebuilding:

The Company has a $975 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility with an uncommitted accordion feature that could increase the size of the facility to $1.25 billion, subject to certain conditions and availability of additional bank commitments. The facility also provides for the issuance of letters of credit with a sublimit equal to approximately 50% of the revolving credit commitment. Letters of credit issued under the facility reduce the available borrowing capacity. The interest rate on borrowings under the revolving credit facility may be based on either the Prime Rate or London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) plus an applicable margin, as defined in the credit agreement governing the facility. The maturity date of the facility is September 7, 2020. At March 31, 2017, there were no borrowings outstanding and $75.4 million of letters of credit issued under the revolving credit facility.

The Company’s revolving credit facility imposes restrictions on its operations and activities, including requiring the maintenance of a minimum level of tangible net worth, a maximum allowable ratio of debt to tangible net worth and a borrowing base restriction if the Company’s ratio of debt to tangible net worth exceeds a certain level. These covenants are measured as defined in the credit agreement governing the facility and are reported to the lenders quarterly. A failure to comply with these financial covenants could allow the lending banks to terminate the availability of funds under the revolving credit facility or cause any outstanding borrowings to become due and payable prior to maturity. In addition, the credit agreement governing the facility and the indenture governing the senior notes impose restrictions on the creation of secured debt and liens. At March 31, 2017, the Company was in compliance with all of the covenants, limitations and restrictions of its revolving credit facility and public debt obligations.



11


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



The Company has an automatically effective universal shelf registration statement, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in August 2015, registering debt and equity securities that the Company may issue from time to time in amounts to be determined.

Effective August 1, 2016, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $500 million of the Company’s debt securities effective through July 31, 2017. All of the $500 million authorization was remaining at March 31, 2017.

Financial Services:

The Company’s mortgage subsidiary, DHI Mortgage, has a mortgage repurchase facility that is accounted for as a secured financing. The mortgage repurchase facility provides financing and liquidity to DHI Mortgage by facilitating purchase transactions in which DHI Mortgage transfers eligible loans to the counterparties against the transfer of funds by the counterparties, thereby becoming purchased loans. DHI Mortgage then has the right and obligation to repurchase the purchased loans upon their sale to third-party purchasers in the secondary market or within specified time frames from 45 to 60 days in accordance with the terms of the mortgage repurchase facility. In February 2017, the mortgage repurchase facility was amended to increase its capacity to $600 million and extend its maturity date to February 23, 2018. The capacity of the facility increases, without requiring additional commitments, to $725 million for approximately 30 days at each quarter end and to $800 million for approximately 45 days at fiscal year end. The capacity of the facility can also be increased to $1.0 billion subject to the availability of additional commitments.

As of March 31, 2017, $528.4 million of mortgage loans held for sale with a collateral value of $509.7 million were pledged under the mortgage repurchase facility. As a result of advance paydowns totaling $90.7 million, DHI Mortgage had an obligation of $419.0 million outstanding under the mortgage repurchase facility at March 31, 2017 at a 3.1% annual interest rate.

The mortgage repurchase facility is not guaranteed by D.R. Horton, Inc. or any of the subsidiaries that guarantee the Company’s homebuilding debt. The facility contains financial covenants as to the mortgage subsidiary’s minimum required tangible net worth, its maximum allowable ratio of debt to tangible net worth and its minimum required liquidity. These covenants are measured and reported to the lenders monthly. At March 31, 2017, DHI Mortgage was in compliance with all of the conditions and covenants of the mortgage repurchase facility.


12


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE E – CAPITALIZED INTEREST

The Company capitalizes interest costs incurred to inventory during active development and construction (active inventory). Capitalized interest is charged to cost of sales as the related inventory is delivered to the buyer. During periods in which the Company’s active inventory is lower than its debt level, a portion of the interest incurred is reflected as interest expense in the period incurred. During the first half of fiscal 2017 and in fiscal 2016, the Company’s active inventory exceeded its debt level and all interest incurred was capitalized to inventory.

The following table summarizes the Company’s interest costs incurred, capitalized and expensed during the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Capitalized interest, beginning of period
 
$
190.0

 
$
215.0

 
$
191.2

 
$
208.0

Interest incurred (1)
 
33.5

 
40.4

 
67.0

 
82.6

Interest charged to cost of sales
 
(37.3
)
 
(40.9
)
 
(72.0
)
 
(76.1
)
Capitalized interest, end of period
 
$
186.2

 
$
214.5

 
$
186.2

 
$
214.5

_______________
(1)
Interest incurred includes interest incurred on the Company's financial services mortgage repurchase facility of $1.8 million and $3.5 million in the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, respectively, and $1.9 million and $3.5 million in the same periods of fiscal 2016.


NOTE F – MORTGAGE LOANS

Mortgage Loans Held for Sale
Mortgage loans held for sale consist primarily of single-family residential loans collateralized by the underlying property. At March 31, 2017, mortgage loans held for sale had an aggregate fair value of $577.8 million and an aggregate outstanding principal balance of $559.3 million. At September 30, 2016, mortgage loans held for sale had an aggregate fair value of $654.0 million and an aggregate outstanding principal balance of $631.8 million. During the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, mortgage loans originated totaled $3.0 billion and $2.4 billion, respectively, and mortgage loans sold totaled $3.1 billion and $2.4 billion, respectively. The Company had gains on sales of loans and servicing rights of $63.5 million and $120.9 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, respectively, compared to $46.6 million and $83.8 million in the prior year periods. Net gains on sales of loans and servicing rights are included in financial services revenues in the consolidated statements of operations. Approximately 89% of the mortgage loans sold by DHI Mortgage during the six months ended March 31, 2017 were sold to three major financial entities, one of which purchased 47% of the total loans sold.

To manage the interest rate risk inherent in its mortgage operations, the Company hedges its risk using derivative instruments, generally forward sales of mortgage-backed securities (MBS), which are referred to as “hedging instruments” in the following discussion. The Company does not enter into or hold derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.



13


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



Newly originated loans that have been closed but not committed to third-party purchasers are hedged to mitigate the risk of changes in their fair value. Hedged loans are committed to third-party purchasers typically within three days after origination. The notional amounts of the hedging instruments used to hedge mortgage loans held for sale vary in relationship to the underlying loan amounts, depending on the movements in the value of each hedging instrument relative to the value of the underlying mortgage loans. The fair value change related to the hedging instruments generally offsets the fair value change in the mortgage loans held for sale. The net fair value change, which for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 was not significant, is recognized in financial services revenues in the consolidated statements of operations. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the Company’s mortgage loans held for sale that were not committed to third-party purchasers totaled $265.8 million and $284.5 million, respectively, and the notional amounts of the hedging instruments related to those loans totaled $265.8 million and $284.5 million, respectively.

Other Mortgage Loans and Loss Reserves

Mortgage loans are sold with limited recourse provisions derived from industry-standard representations and warranties in the relevant agreements. These representations and warranties primarily involve the absence of misrepresentations by the borrower or other parties, the appropriate underwriting of the loan and in some cases, a required minimum number of payments to be made by the borrower. The Company generally does not retain any other continuing interest related to mortgage loans sold in the secondary market. The majority of other mortgage loans consists of loans repurchased due to these limited recourse obligations. Typically, these loans are impaired and some become real estate owned through the foreclosure process. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the Company’s total other mortgage loans and real estate owned, before loss reserves, were as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Other mortgage loans
 
$
15.1

 
$
15.6

Real estate owned
 
0.8

 
0.8

 
 
$
15.9

 
$
16.4


The Company has recorded reserves for estimated losses on other mortgage loans, real estate owned and future loan repurchase obligations due to the limited recourse provisions, all of which are recorded as reductions of financial services revenue. The loss reserve for loan repurchase and settlement obligations is estimated based on analysis of the volume of mortgages originated, loan repurchase requests received, actual repurchases and losses through the disposition of such loans or requests and discussions with mortgage purchasers. The reserve balances at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 were as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Loss reserves related to:
 
 
 
 
Other mortgage loans
 
$
1.8

 
$
1.8

Real estate owned
 

 
0.1

Loan repurchase and settlement obligations – known and expected
 
7.3

 
6.8

 
 
$
9.1

 
$
8.7


Other mortgage loans and real estate owned net of the related loss reserves are included in other assets, while loan repurchase obligations are included in accounts payable and other liabilities, both of which are in the Financial Services and Other section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.



14


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



Loan Commitments and Related Derivatives

The Company is party to interest rate lock commitments (IRLCs), which are extended to borrowers who have applied for loan funding and meet defined credit and underwriting criteria. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the notional amount of IRLCs, which are accounted for as derivative instruments recorded at fair value, totaled $643.8 million and $467.6 million, respectively.

The Company manages interest rate risk related to its IRLCs through the use of best-efforts whole loan delivery commitments and hedging instruments. These instruments are considered derivatives in an economic hedge and are accounted for at fair value with gains and losses recognized in financial services revenues in the consolidated statements of operations. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the notional amount of best-efforts whole loan delivery commitments totaled $55.0 million and $37.2 million, respectively, and the notional amount of hedging instruments related to IRLCs not yet committed to purchasers totaled $545.2 million and $385.5 million, respectively.


NOTE G – INCOME TAXES

The Company’s income tax expense for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 was $124.7 million and $236.0 million, respectively, compared to $105.4 million and $189.0 million in the prior year periods. The effective tax rate was 35.2% and 35.1% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, respectively, compared to 35.1% and 34.9% in the prior year periods. The effective tax rate for all periods includes an expense for state income taxes, reduced by tax benefits for the domestic production activities deduction and federal energy tax credits.

The Company previously filed three requests for advance consent for a change in tax accounting method with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The tax accounting method changes relate to the timing of income and expense recognition of certain items for tax purposes. In March 2017, the Company received consent agreements from the IRS regarding two of the three requests. The Company is currently in the process of analyzing these consent agreements and expects to request further clarification from the IRS. Once the consent agreements have been agreed to and signed by the Company, the estimated impact of the approved tax accounting method changes will be reflected in the consolidated financial statements, likely as of June 30, 2017. The impact on the consolidated balance sheet will be a reduction in income taxes payable and a corresponding reduction in deferred tax assets. These changes in tax accounting methods will not have a significant impact on the Company’s effective tax rate.

At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the Company had deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, of $461.9 million and $486.6 million, respectively, partially offset by a valuation allowance of $10.3 million. The accounting for deferred taxes is based upon estimates of future results. Differences between the anticipated and actual outcomes of these future results could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations or financial position. Also, changes in existing federal and state tax laws and tax rates could affect future tax results and the valuation of the Company’s deferred tax assets.

When assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, the Company considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of its deferred tax assets will not be realized. The realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of sufficient taxable income in future periods. The Company records a valuation allowance when it determines it is more likely than not that a portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The valuation allowance for both periods relates to the Company’s state deferred tax assets for net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards. As of March 31, 2017, the Company believes it is more likely than not that a portion of its state NOL carryforwards will not be realized because some state NOL carryforward periods are too brief to realize the related deferred tax assets. The Company will continue to evaluate both the positive and negative evidence in determining the need for a valuation allowance with respect to its remaining state NOL carryforwards.


15


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE H – EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the numerators and denominators used in the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share. Stock options to purchase 6.4 million shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the 2016 periods because their effect would have been antidilutive.
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
229.2

 
$
195.1

 
$
436.1

 
$
352.8

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator for basic earnings per share — weighted average common shares
 
374.4

 
370.2

 
373.8

 
369.7

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employee stock awards
 
4.5

 
3.5

 
4.3

 
3.9

Denominator for diluted earnings per share — adjusted weighted average common shares
 
378.9

 
373.7

 
378.1

 
373.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income per common share
 
$
0.61

 
$
0.53

 
$
1.17

 
$
0.95

Net income per common share assuming dilution
 
$
0.60

 
$
0.52

 
$
1.15

 
$
0.94




NOTE I – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

The Company has an automatically effective universal shelf registration statement, filed with the SEC in August 2015, registering debt and equity securities that it may issue from time to time in amounts to be determined.

Effective August 1, 2016, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $100 million of the Company’s common stock effective through July 31, 2017. All of the $100 million authorization was remaining at March 31, 2017, and no common stock has been repurchased subsequent to March 31, 2017.

During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.10 per common share, which was paid on February 15, 2017 to stockholders of record on February 3, 2017. In April 2017, the Board of Directors approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.10 per common share, payable on May 19, 2017 to stockholders of record on May 5, 2017. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.08 per common share were approved and paid in the comparable quarters of fiscal 2016.




16


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017


NOTE J – EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Restricted Stock Units (RSUs)

The Company’s Stock Incentive Plan provides for the granting of stock options and restricted stock units to executive officers, other key employees and non-management directors. Restricted stock unit awards may be based on performance (performance-based) or on service over a requisite time period (time-based). Performance-based and time-based RSU equity awards represent the contingent right to receive one share of the Company’s common stock per RSU if the vesting conditions and/or performance criteria are satisfied. The RSUs have no dividend or voting rights until vested.

In November 2016, a total of 330,000 performance-based RSU equity awards were granted to the Company’s Chairman, its Chief Executive Officer and its Chief Operating Officer. These awards vest at the end of a three-year performance period ending September 30, 2019. The number of units that ultimately vest depends on the Company’s relative position as compared to its peers at the end of the three-year period in achieving certain performance criteria and can range from 0% to 200% of the number of units granted. The performance criteria are total shareholder return; return on investment; selling, general and administrative expense containment; and gross profit. The grant date fair value of these equity awards was $29.20 per unit. Compensation expense related to these grants was $1.1 million and $2.0 million, respectively, in the three and six months ended March 31, 2017, based on the Company’s performance against the peer group, the elapsed portion of the performance period and the grant date fair value of the award. There were also 30,000 time-based RSUs granted to the Company’s Chief Financial Officer in November 2016. These time-based RSUs vest annually in equal installments over a three-year period ending November 2019. The fair value of this equity award on the date of grant was $27.61 per unit.

In February 2017, a total of 1.8 million time-based RSUs were granted to the Company’s executive officers, other key employees and non-management directors (collectively, approximately 600 recipients). The weighted average grant date fair value of these equity awards was $28.65 per unit, and they vest annually in equal installments over periods of three to five years. Compensation expense related to these grants was $4.2 million in the three and six months ended March 31, 2017.


NOTE K – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Warranty Claims

The Company typically provides its homebuyers with a ten-year limited warranty for major defects in structural elements such as framing components and foundation systems, a two-year limited warranty on major mechanical systems, and a one-year limited warranty on other construction components. The Company’s warranty liability is based upon historical warranty cost experience in each market in which it operates and is adjusted to reflect qualitative risks associated with the types of homes built and the geographic areas in which they are built.

Changes in the Company’s warranty liability during the three and six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:

 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Warranty liability, beginning of period
 
$
107.8

 
$
84.1

 
$
104.4

 
$
82.0

Warranties issued
 
15.1

 
12.3

 
28.3

 
22.9

Changes in liability for pre-existing warranties
 
3.9

 
2.0

 
6.3

 
3.2

Settlements made
 
(14.0
)
 
(10.5
)
 
(26.2
)
 
(20.2
)
Warranty liability, end of period
 
$
112.8

 
$
87.9

 
$
112.8

 
$
87.9




17


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017


Legal Claims and Insurance

The Company is named as a defendant in various claims, complaints and other legal actions in the ordinary course of business. At any point in time, the Company is managing several hundred individual claims related to construction defect matters, personal injury claims, employment matters, land development issues and contract disputes. The Company has established reserves for these contingencies based on the estimated costs of pending claims and the estimated costs of anticipated future claims related to previously closed homes. The estimated liabilities for these contingencies were $441.5 million and $423.5 million at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, respectively, and are included in homebuilding accrued expenses and other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets. Approximately 95% of these reserves related to construction defect matters at both March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016. Expenses related to the Company’s legal contingencies were $52.5 million and $19.9 million in the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The Company’s reserves for construction defect claims include the estimated costs of both known claims and anticipated future claims. As of March 31, 2017, no individual existing claim was material to the Company’s financial statements. The Company has closed a significant number of homes during recent years and may be subject to future construction defect claims on these homes. Although regulations vary from state to state, construction defect issues can generally be reported for up to ten years after the home has closed in many states in which the Company operates. Historical data and trends regarding the frequency of claims incurred and the costs to resolve claims relative to the types of products and markets where the Company operates are used to estimate the construction defect liabilities for both existing and anticipated future claims. These estimates are subject to ongoing revision as the circumstances of individual pending claims and historical data and trends change. Adjustments to estimated reserves are recorded in the accounting period in which the change in estimate occurs.

Historical trends in construction defect claims have been inconsistent, and the Company believes they may continue to fluctuate. Housing market conditions have been volatile across most of the Company’s markets over the past ten years, and the Company believes such conditions can affect the frequency and cost of construction defect claims. If the ultimate resolution of construction defect claims resulting from the Company’s home closings in prior years varies from current expectations, it could significantly change the Company’s estimates regarding the frequency and timing of claims incurred and the costs to resolve existing and anticipated future claims, which would impact the construction defect reserves in the future. If the frequency of claims incurred or costs of existing and future legal claims significantly exceed the Company’s current estimates, they will have a significant negative impact on its future earnings and liquidity.

The Company’s reserves for legal claims increased from $423.5 million at September 30, 2016 to $441.5 million at March 31, 2017 due to an increase in known claims and the number of closed homes that are subject to possible future construction defect claims, partially offset by payments made for legal claims during the period, net of reimbursements received from subcontractors. Changes in the Company’s legal claims reserves during the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 were as follows:
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(In millions)
Reserves for legal claims, beginning of period
$
423.5

 
$
451.0

Increase in reserves
56.2

 
0.5

Payments
(38.2
)
 
(25.3
)
Reserves for legal claims, end of period
$
441.5

 
$
426.2




18


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



The Company estimates and records receivables under its applicable insurance policies related to its estimated contingencies for known claims and anticipated future construction defect claims on previously closed homes and other legal claims and lawsuits incurred in the ordinary course of business when recovery is probable. Additionally, the Company may have the ability to recover a portion of its losses from its subcontractors and their insurance carriers when the Company has been named as an additional insured on their insurance policies. The Company’s receivables related to its estimates of insurance recoveries from estimated losses for pending legal claims and anticipated future claims related to previously closed homes totaled $85.1 million, $88.7 million and $100.5 million at March 31, 2017, September 30, 2016 and March 31, 2016, respectively, and are included in homebuilding other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

The estimation of losses related to these reserves and the related estimates of recoveries from insurance policies are subject to a high degree of variability due to uncertainties such as trends in construction defect claims relative to the Company’s markets and the types of products built, claim frequency, claim settlement costs and patterns, insurance industry practices and legal interpretations, among others. Due to the high degree of judgment required in establishing reserves for these contingencies, actual future costs and recoveries from insurance could differ significantly from current estimated amounts, and it is not possible for the Company to make a reasonable estimate of the possible loss or range of loss in excess of its reserves.

Land and Lot Option Purchase Contracts

The Company enters into land and lot option purchase contracts to acquire land or lots for the construction of homes. Under these contracts, the Company will fund a stated deposit in consideration for the right, but not the obligation, to purchase land or lots at a future point in time with predetermined terms. Under the terms of many of the option purchase contracts, the option deposits are not refundable in the event the Company elects to terminate the contract. Option deposits are included in homebuilding other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

At March 31, 2017, the Company had total deposits of $188.6 million, consisting of cash deposits of $181.9 million and promissory notes and letters of credit of $6.7 million, to purchase land and lots with a total remaining purchase price of approximately $4.2 billion. The majority of land and lots under contract are currently expected to be purchased within three years. A limited number of the land and lot option purchase contracts at March 31, 2017, representing $29.5 million of remaining purchase price, were subject to specific performance provisions which may require the Company to purchase the land or lots upon the land sellers meeting their contractual obligations.

Option purchase contracts can result in the creation of a variable interest in the entity holding the land parcel under option. There were no variable interest entities reported in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 because the Company determined it did not control the activities that most significantly impact the variable interest entity’s economic performance, and it did not have an obligation to absorb losses of or the right to receive benefits from the entity. The maximum exposure to losses related to the Company’s variable interest entities is limited to the amounts of the Company’s related option deposits. At March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, the option deposits related to these contracts totaled $171.8 million and $149.5 million, respectively.

Other Commitments

At March 31, 2017, the Company had outstanding surety bonds of $1.1 billion and letters of credit of $78.7 million to secure performance under various contracts. Of the total letters of credit, $75.4 million were issued under the Company’s revolving credit facility and were cash collateralized to receive better pricing. This unrestricted cash can be withdrawn by the Company at its discretion. The remaining $3.3 million of letters of credit were issued under a secured letter of credit agreement requiring the Company to deposit cash as collateral with the issuing bank, and the cash restricted for this purpose is included in homebuilding restricted cash in the consolidated balance sheets.


19


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE L – OTHER ASSETS AND ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER LIABILITIES

The Company’s homebuilding other assets at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 were as follows:
 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Insurance receivables
 
$
85.1

 
$
88.7

Earnest money and refundable deposits
 
256.4

 
219.7

Accounts and notes receivable
 
31.8

 
35.9

Prepaid assets
 
19.5

 
29.5

Rental properties
 
48.2

 
56.9

Other assets
 
22.4

 
25.5

 
 
$
463.4

 
$
456.2



The Company’s homebuilding accrued expenses and other liabilities at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 were as follows:

 
 
March 31,
2017
 
September 30,
2016
 
 
(In millions)
Reserves for legal claims
 
$
441.5

 
$
423.5

Employee compensation and related liabilities
 
166.8

 
183.3

Warranty liability
 
112.8

 
104.4

Accrued interest
 
18.1

 
17.9

Federal and state income tax liabilities
 
16.6

 
28.1

Inventory related accruals
 
30.8

 
31.9

Homebuyer deposits
 
56.2

 
54.2

Accrued property taxes
 
19.6

 
35.2

Other liabilities
 
35.3

 
38.6

 
 
$
897.7

 
$
917.1



20


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017




NOTE M – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Fair value measurements are used for the Company’s mortgage loans held for sale, debt securities collateralized by residential real estate, IRLCs and other derivative instruments on a recurring basis and are used for inventories, other mortgage loans, rental properties and real estate owned on a nonrecurring basis, when events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The fair value hierarchy and its application to the Company’s assets and liabilities is as follows:

Level 1 – Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. The Company does not currently have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value using Level 1 inputs.
Level 2 – Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market. The Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value using Level 2 inputs on a recurring basis are as follows:
mortgage loans held for sale;
IRLCs; and
loan sale commitments and hedging instruments.
The Company’s assets measured at fair value using Level 2 inputs on a nonrecurring basis are a limited number of mortgage loans held for sale with some degree of impairment affecting their marketability and are reported at the lower of carrying value or fair value. When available, fair value is determined by reference to quoted prices in the secondary markets for such assets.

Level 3 – Valuation is typically derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the Company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
The Company’s assets measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs on a recurring basis are as follows:
debt securities collateralized by residential real estate; and
a limited number of mortgage loans held for sale with some degree of impairment affecting their marketability.
The Company’s assets measured at fair value using Level 3 inputs that are typically reported at the lower of carrying value or fair value on a nonrecurring basis are as follows:
inventory held and used;
inventory available for sale;
certain mortgage loans held for sale;
certain other mortgage loans; and
rental properties and real estate owned.



21


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017


The following tables summarize the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016, and the changes in the fair value of the Level 3 assets during the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
 
 
Fair Value at March 31, 2017
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
 
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities collateralized by residential real estate
Other assets
 
$

 
$

 
$
3.9

 
$
3.9

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale (a)
Mortgage loans held for sale
 

 
561.0

 
8.4

 
569.4

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (b):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate lock commitments
Other assets
 

 
18.0

 

 
18.0

Forward sales of MBS
Other liabilities
 

 
(4.9
)
 

 
(4.9
)
Best-efforts and mandatory commitments
Other liabilities
 

 
(1.0
)
 

 
(1.0
)
 
 
 
Fair Value at September 30, 2016
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
 
 
(In millions)
Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale (a)
Mortgage loans held for sale
 
$

 
$
640.9

 
$
6.8

 
$
647.7

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments (b):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate lock commitments
Other assets
 

 
9.3

 

 
9.3

Forward sales of MBS
Other liabilities
 

 
(2.6
)
 

 
(2.6
)
Best-efforts and mandatory commitments
Other liabilities
 

 
(0.2
)
 

 
(0.2
)

 
Level 3 Assets at Fair Value for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Balance at  
 September 30, 2016
 
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)
 
Purchases
 
Sales and Settlements
 
Principal Reductions
 
Net transfers to (out of) Level 3
 
Balance at  
 March 31, 2017
 
(In millions)
Debt securities collateralized by residential real estate
$

 
$

 
$
3.9

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3.9

Mortgage loans held for sale (a)
6.8

 
(0.1
)
 

 
(1.7
)
 

 
3.4

 
8.4

 
Level 3 Assets at Fair Value for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Balance at  
 September 30, 2015
 
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)
 
Purchases
 
Sales and Settlements
 
Principal Reductions
 
Net transfers to (out of) Level 3
 
Balance at  
 March 31, 2016
 
(In millions)
Debt securities collateralized by residential real estate (c)
$
33.9

 
$
2.2

 
$

 
$
(35.8
)
 
$
(0.3
)
 
$

 
$

Mortgage loans held for sale (a)
13.9

 
1.0

 

 
(10.2
)
 

 
10.6

 
15.3

________________
(a)
Mortgage loans held for sale are reflected at fair value. Interest income earned on mortgage loans held for sale is based on contractual interest rates and included in financial services interest and other income. Mortgage loans held for sale at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016 include $8.4 million and $6.8 million, respectively, of loans for which the Company elected the fair value option upon origination and did not sell into the secondary market. Mortgage loans held for sale totaling $3.4 million and $10.6 million were transferred to Level 3 during the six months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, due to significant unobservable inputs used in determining the fair value of these loans. The fair value of these mortgage loans held for sale is generally calculated considering pricing in the secondary market and adjusted for the value of the underlying collateral, including interest rate risk, liquidity risk and prepayment risk. The Company plans to sell these loans as market conditions permit.
(b)
Fair value measurements of these derivatives represent changes in fair value, as calculated by reference to quoted prices for similar assets, and are reflected in the balance sheet as other assets or other liabilities. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives are included in financial services revenues in the consolidated statements of operations.
(c)
In October 2012, the Company purchased defaulted debt securities, which were secured by residential real estate, for $18.6 million in cash. In fiscal 2015, the Company purchased the residential real estate parcel and all additional defaulted debt securities associated with the parcel for $19.9 million in cash, of which $5.1 million was allocated to the land and $14.8 million was allocated to the debt securities. The Company sold all of the debt securities to a third party for $35.8 million in January 2016. The resulting gain of $4.5 million on the sale is included in homebuilding other income in the consolidated statement of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016.


22


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017


The following table summarizes the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016:
 
 
 
Fair Value at  
 March 31, 2017
 
Fair Value at  
 September 30, 2016
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inventory held and used (a) (b)
Inventories
 
$

 
$
21.4

 
$

 
$
5.2

Inventory available for sale (a) (c)
Inventories
 

 
7.3

 

 
0.8

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Mortgage loans held for sale (a) (d)
Mortgage loans held for sale
 

 
6.5

 
1.6

 
2.4

Other mortgage loans (a) (e)
Other assets
 

 
0.9

 

 
3.8

Real estate owned (a) (e)
Other assets
 

 

 

 
0.1

_____________________
(a)
The fair values included in the table above represent only those assets whose carrying values were adjusted to fair value as a result of impairment in the respective period and were held at the end of the period.
(b)
In performing its impairment analysis of communities, discount rates ranging from 10% to 18% were used in the periods presented.
(c)
The fair value of inventory available for sale was determined based on recent offers received from outside third parties, comparable sales or actual contracts.
(d)
These mortgage loans have some degree of impairment affecting their marketability. When available, quoted prices in the secondary market are used to determine fair value (Level 2); otherwise, a cash flow valuation model is used to determine fair value (Level 3).
(e)
The fair values of other mortgage loans and real estate owned are determined based on the value of the underlying collateral.

For the financial assets and liabilities that the Company does not reflect at fair value, the following tables present both their respective carrying value and fair value at March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2016:
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value at March 31, 2017
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (a)
$
947.9

 
$
947.9

 
$

 
$

 
$
947.9

Restricted cash (a)
11.1

 
11.1

 

 

 
11.1

Senior notes (b)
2,788.8

 

 
2,941.4

 

 
2,941.4

Other secured notes (a)
14.6

 

 

 
14.6

 
14.6

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (a)
45.3

 
45.3

 

 

 
45.3

Restricted cash (a) (c)
7.3

 
7.3

 

 

 
7.3

Mortgage repurchase facility (a)
419.0

 

 

 
419.0

 
419.0


 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value at September 30, 2016
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
(In millions)
Homebuilding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (a)
$
1,271.8

 
$
1,271.8

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,271.8

Restricted cash (a)
9.5

 
9.5

 

 

 
9.5

Senior notes (b)
2,786.7

 

 
2,947.4

 

 
2,947.4

Other secured notes (a)
11.6

 

 

 
11.6

 
11.6

Financial Services and Other:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (a)
31.4

 
31.4

 

 

 
31.4

Mortgage repurchase facility (a)
473.0

 

 

 
473.0

 
473.0

_____________________
(a)
The fair value approximates carrying value due to its short-term nature, short maturity or floating interest rate terms, as applicable.
(b)
The fair value is determined based on quoted prices, which is classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.
(c)
Restricted cash of the financial services segment represents escrow funds for taxes and insurance and is included in other assets in the Financial Services and Other section of the consolidated balance sheet.


23


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE N – SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR INFORMATION

All of the Company’s senior notes and the unsecured revolving credit facility are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, on a joint and several basis, by D. R. Horton, Inc. and other subsidiaries (Guarantor Subsidiaries). Each of the Guarantor Subsidiaries is 100% owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company. The Company’s subsidiaries engaged in the financial services segment and certain other subsidiaries do not guarantee the Company’s senior notes and the unsecured revolving credit facility (collectively, Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries). In lieu of providing separate financial statements for the Guarantor Subsidiaries, consolidating condensed financial statements are presented below. Separate financial statements and other disclosures concerning the Guarantor Subsidiaries are not presented because management has determined that they are not material to investors.

The guarantees by a Guarantor Subsidiary will be automatically and unconditionally released and discharged upon: (1) the sale or other disposition of its common stock whereby it is no longer a subsidiary of the Company; (2) the sale or other disposition of all or substantially all of its assets (other than to the Company or another Guarantor); (3) its merger or consolidation with an entity other than the Company or another Guarantor; or (4) depending on the provisions of the applicable indenture, either (a) its proper designation as an unrestricted subsidiary, (b) its ceasing to guarantee any of the Company’s publicly traded debt securities, or (c) its ceasing to guarantee any of the Company’s obligations under the revolving credit facility.

As described in Note A, the operating results of certain subsidiaries previously included in the Company’s homebuilding operations have been reclassified to its financial services and other operations. These reclassifications are limited to the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries column of the condensed consolidating statement of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2016.



24


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE N – SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR INFORMATION - (Continued)


Consolidating Balance Sheet
March 31, 2017

 
 
D.R.
Horton, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Total
 
 
(In millions)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
812.5


$
95.2


$
85.5


$

 
$
993.2

Restricted cash
 
8.7

 
2.4

 

 

 
11.1

Investments in subsidiaries
 
4,414.7

 

 

 
(4,414.7
)
 

Inventories
 
3,287.5

 
5,632.6

 
118.0

 

 
9,038.1

Deferred income taxes
 
158.2

 
290.5

 
2.9

 

 
451.6

Property and equipment, net
 
94.0

 
56.5

 
102.8

 
(5.2
)
 
248.1

Other assets
 
181.1

 
268.9

 
71.2

 

 
521.2

Mortgage loans held for sale
 

 

 
577.8

 

 
577.8

Goodwill
 

 
80.0

 

 

 
80.0

Intercompany receivables
 
1,485.4

 

 

 
(1,485.4
)
 

Total Assets
 
$
10,442.1

 
$
6,426.1

 
$
958.2

 
$
(5,905.3
)
 
$
11,921.1

LIABILITIES & EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and other liabilities
 
$
427.7

 
$
918.6

 
$
134.1

 
$
(1.8
)
 
$
1,478.6

Intercompany payables
 

 
1,245.2

 
240.2

 
(1,485.4
)
 

Notes payable
 
2,791.4

 
12.0

 
419.0

 

 
3,222.4

Total Liabilities
 
3,219.1

 
2,175.8

 
793.3

 
(1,487.2
)
 
4,701.0

Stockholders’ equity
 
7,223.0

 
4,250.3

 
164.4

 
(4,418.1
)
 
7,219.6

Noncontrolling interests
 

 

 
0.5

 

 
0.5

Total Equity
 
7,223.0

 
4,250.3

 
164.9

 
(4,418.1
)
 
7,220.1

Total Liabilities & Equity
 
$
10,442.1

 
$
6,426.1

 
$
958.2

 
$
(5,905.3
)
 
$
11,921.1



25


D.R. HORTON, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited) – (Continued)
March 31, 2017



NOTE N – SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR INFORMATION - (Continued)


Consolidating Balance Sheet
September 30, 2016
 
 
 
D.R.
Horton, Inc.
 
Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Eliminations
 
Total
 
 
(In millions)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
1,076.4

 
$
154.0

 
$
72.8

 
$

 
$
1,303.2

Restricted cash
 
7.4

 
2.1

 

 

 
9.5

Investments in subsidiaries
 
4,118.6

 

 

 
(4,118.6
)
 

Inventories
 
2,822.1

 
5,425.7

 
93.1

 

 
8,340.9

Deferred income taxes
 
159.3

 
314.1

 
2.9

 

 
476.3

Property and equipment, net
 
72.0

 
49.9

 
78.7

 
(5.2
)
 
195.4

Other assets
 
168.7

 
274.2

 
56.7

 

 
499.6

Mortgage loans held for sale
 

 

 
654.0

 

 
654.0

Goodwill
 

 
80.0

 

 

 
80.0

Intercompany receivables
 
1,604.5

 

 

 
(1,604.5
)
 

Total Assets
 
$
10,029.0

 
$
6,300.0

 
$
958.2

 
$
(5,728.3
)
 
$
11,558.9

LIABILITIES & EQUITY