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EX-32.2 - EXHIBIT 32.2 - XPO Logistics, Inc.exhibit322-q12016.htm
EX-32.1 - EXHIBIT 32.1 - XPO Logistics, Inc.exhibit321-q12016.htm
EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - XPO Logistics, Inc.exhibit312-q12016.htm
EX-10.7 - EXHIBIT 10.7 - XPO Logistics, Inc.exhibit107.htm
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - XPO Logistics, Inc.exhibit311-q12016.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________
Form 10-Q 
_____________________________________
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                    to                     
Commission file number: 001-32172
_____________________________________
XPO Logistics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _____________________________________ 
Delaware
 
03-0450326
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
Five Greenwich Office Park
Greenwich, CT
 
06831
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
(855) 976-4636
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 _____________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
ý
  
Accelerated filer
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of May 4, 2016, there were 110,006,419 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.



XPO Logistics, Inc.
Form 10-Q
Index
 
 
 
 
 
 




Part I—Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets

 
March 31,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
279.0

 
$
289.8

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $20.3 and $16.9, respectively
2,265.1

 
2,266.4

Other current assets
497.0

 
401.0

Total current assets
3,041.1

 
2,957.2

Property and equipment, net of $349.9 and $209.3 in accumulated depreciation, respectively
2,820.3

 
2,852.2

Goodwill
4,787.0

 
4,610.6

Identifiable intangible assets, net of $268.4 and $224.5 in accumulated amortization, respectively
1,704.2

 
1,876.5

Deferred tax asset
2.8

 
113.6

Other long-term assets
236.9

 
233.1

Total long-term assets
9,551.2

 
9,686.0

Total assets
$
12,592.3

 
$
12,643.2

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
997.7

 
$
1,063.7

Accrued expenses
1,352.3

 
1,291.8

Current maturities of long-term debt
134.3

 
135.3

Other current liabilities
228.6

 
203.6

Total current liabilities
2,712.9

 
2,694.4

Long-term debt
5,379.1

 
5,272.6

Deferred tax liability
719.1

 
933.3

Employee benefit obligations
302.7

 
312.6

Other long-term liabilities
396.9

 
369.5

Total long-term liabilities
6,797.8

 
6,888.0

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Convertible perpetual preferred stock, $.001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; 72,885 of Series A shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
42.0

 
42.0

Common stock, $.001 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized; 109,736,757 and 109,523,493 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
0.1

 
0.1

Additional paid-in capital
3,219.4

 
3,212.3

Accumulated deficit
(488.2
)
 
(465.0
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(47.3
)
 
(72.3
)
Noncontrolling interests
355.6

 
343.7

Total stockholders’ equity
3,081.6

 
3,060.8

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
12,592.3

 
$
12,643.2

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

1


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
2016
 
2015
Revenue
$
3,545.7

 
$
703.0

Operating expenses
 
 
 
Cost of transportation and services
1,945.1

 
440.8

Direct operating expense
1,106.2

 
151.2

Sales, general and administrative expense
432.0

 
115.8

Total operating expenses
3,483.3

 
707.8

Operating income (loss)
62.4

 
(4.8
)
Other expense
1.2

 
0.2

Foreign currency loss
3.1

 
0.2

Interest expense
93.1

 
23.1

Loss before income tax benefit
(35.0
)
 
(28.3
)
Income tax benefit
(15.7
)
 
(13.6
)
Net loss
(19.3
)
 
(14.7
)
Cumulative preferred dividends
(0.7
)
 
(0.7
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(3.2
)
 

Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(23.2
)
 
$
(15.4
)
 
 
 
 
Basic loss per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.20
)
Diluted loss per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.20
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding
109.6

 
78.8

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding
109.6

 
78.8

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

2


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Net loss
$
(19.3
)
 
$
(14.7
)
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(3.2
)
 

Net loss attributable to the Company
$
(22.5
)

$
(14.7
)
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation gains
$
52.1

 
$

Unrealized losses on cash flow and net investment hedges, net of tax effect of $14.7 and $0.0
(18.4
)
 

Other comprehensive income
33.7

 

Less: Other comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(8.7
)
 

Other comprehensive income attributable to the Company
$
25.0

 
$

 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss)
$
14.4

 
$
(14.7
)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(11.9
)
 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to the Company
$
2.5

 
$
(14.7
)
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


3


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(19.3
)
 
$
(14.7
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
162.1

 
33.8

Deferred tax benefit
(22.7
)
 
(15.8
)
Non-cash stock compensation expense
11.9

 
2.3

Other
4.0

 
8.9

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
30.9

 
50.6

Income tax receivable
1.4

 
15.8

Prepaid expense and other assets
(67.2
)
 
(5.4
)
Accounts payable
(90.5
)
 
(10.6
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(3.7
)
 
(17.6
)
Cash flows provided by operating activities
6.9

 
47.3

Investing activities
 
 
 
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

 
(58.2
)
Payment for purchases of property and equipment
(114.7
)
 
(11.4
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
17.5

 

Cash flows used by investing activities
(97.2
)
 
(69.6
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

 
414.7

Payment for debt issuance costs

 
(4.5
)
Repayment of long-term debt and capital leases
(41.8
)
 

Proceeds from borrowing on revolving credit facility
200.0

 

Repayment of borrowings on revolving credit facility
(100.0
)
 

Bank overdrafts
18.3

 

Dividends paid to preferred stockholders
(0.7
)
 
(0.7
)
Other

 
3.0

Cash flows provided by financing activities
75.8

 
412.5

Effect of exchange rates on cash
3.7

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash
(10.8
)
 
390.2

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
289.8

 
644.1

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
279.0

 
$
1,034.3

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
72.6

 
$
39.9

Cash paid (received) for income taxes
$
4.8

 
$
(13.9
)
Property plant and equipment acquired through an increase in accounts payable
$
19.5

 
$

Property plant and equipment acquired through an increase in capital lease
$
10.6

 
$

Equity portion of acquisition purchase price
$

 
$
0.8

Equity issued upon conversion of debt
$

 
$
35.6

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
(Unaudited)
 
 
Series A Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income/(Loss)
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Cash Flow & Net Investment Hedges
 
Employee Benefit Plans
 
Non-controlling Interests
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2015
73

 
$
42.0

 
109,523

 
$
0.1

 
$
3,212.3

 
$
(465.0
)
 
$
(61.8
)
 
$
6.7

 
$
(17.2
)
 
$
343.7

 
$
3,060.8

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(22.5
)
 

 

 

 
3.2

 
$
(19.3
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of $14.7 total tax effect

 

 

 

 

 

 
44.1

 
(19.1
)
 

 
8.7

 
$
33.7

Exercise of warrants and stock options and other

 

 
213

 

 
0.4

 

 

 

 

 

 
$
0.4

Issuance of common stock upon conversion of senior notes, net of tax

 

 
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
$

Dividend paid

 

 

 

 

 
(0.7
)
 

 

 

 

 
$
(0.7
)
Stock compensation expense

 

 

 

 
6.7

 

 

 

 

 

 
$
6.7

Balance, March 31, 2016
73

 
$
42.0

 
109,737

 
$
0.1

 
$
3,219.4

 
$
(488.2
)
 
$
(17.7
)
 
$
(12.4
)
 
$
(17.2
)
 
$
355.6

 
$
3,081.6

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


XPO Logistics, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
(Unaudited)

1. Organization
Nature of Business
XPO Logistics, Inc. and its subsidiaries ("XPO" or the "Company") provide comprehensive supply chain solutions to its customers, which are multinational, national, mid-size and small enterprises, and include many of the most prominent companies in the world. XPO runs its business on a global basis, with two reportable segments: Transportation and Logistics.
In the Transportation segment, the Company provides multiple services to facilitate the movement of raw materials, parts and finished goods. The Company accomplishes this by using its proprietary transportation management technology, third-party carriers and Company-owned trucks. XPO’s transportation services include: freight brokerage, last mile, expedite, intermodal, less-than-truckload ("LTL"), full truckload, managed transportation and global forwarding services. Freight brokerage, last mile, expedite, intermodal, managed transportation and global forwarding are all non-asset or asset-light businesses. LTL and full truckload are asset-based.
In the Logistics segment, referred to as supply chain, the Company provides a range of contract logistics services, including highly engineered and customized solutions, value-added warehousing and distribution, and other inventory solutions. The Company performs e-commerce fulfillment, reverse logistics, storage, factory support, aftermarket support, integrated manufacturing, packaging, labeling, distribution and transportation. In addition, the Company utilizes technology and expertise to solve complex supply chain challenges and create transformative solutions for world-class customers, while reducing their operating costs and improving production flow management.
Substantially all of the Company’s businesses operate as the single global brand of XPO Logistics. Under the Company’s cross-selling initiative, all services are offered to all customers to fulfill their supply chain requirements, and multiple services are often combined into an optimal solution.
For specific financial information relating to the above segments, refer to Note 15—Segment Reporting.
2. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
These unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. for interim financial information and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X, and should be read in conjunction with the Company's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Accordingly, significant accounting policies and other disclosures normally provided have been reduced or omitted. The preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingencies at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best available information, but actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated financial statements. Where the presentation of these intercompany eliminations differs between the consolidated and reportable segment financial statements, reconciliations of certain line items are provided. The results of operations of acquired companies are included in the Company’s results from the closing date of the acquisition and forward. Income or loss attributable to noncontrolling interests is deducted from net income/loss to determine net income/loss attributable to common shareholders.

6


Significant Accounting Policies
Other Current Assets
The following table outlines the Company’s other current assets:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Prepaid expenses
$
180.2

 
$
142.3

Value-added tax and income tax receivables
111.7

 
115.8

Miscellaneous receivables
95.1

 
50.5

Inventory
50.6

 
48.9

Fixed assets held for sale
18.4

 

Other current assets
41.0

 
43.5

   Total Other Current Assets
$
497.0

 
$
401.0

Intangible Assets with Definite Lives
The Company’s intangible assets subject to amortization consist of customer relationships, trade names, non-compete agreements, and other intangibles. Customer relationships are amortized on an accelerated basis over the period of economic benefit based on the estimated cash flows attributable to the related intangible asset or on a straight-line basis over the useful lives of the related intangible asset. Trade names are amortized on an accelerated basis over the period of economic benefit based on the estimated cash flows attributable to the related intangible assets. Non-compete agreements and other intangibles are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related intangible asset. The range of estimated useful lives and the weighted-average useful lives of the respective intangible assets by type are as follows:
Classification
Estimated Useful Life
Weighted-Average Amortization Period
Customer relationships
1.5 to 16 years
13.33 years
Trade names
1.2 to 3.5 years
2.86 years
Non-compete agreements
Term of agreement
4.57 years
Other intangible assets
1.5 to 5 years
4.24 years
For additional information refer to Note 7—Intangible Assets.
Accrued Expenses
The following table outlines the Company’s accrued expenses:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Accrued salaries and wages
$
503.3

 
$
558.6

Accrued transportation and facility charges
173.2

 
156.1

Accrued value-added tax and other taxes
169.1

 
153.3

Accrued insurance claims
107.8

 
95.3

Accrued estimated litigation liabilities
84.2

 
66.1

Accrued interest
74.2

 
56.8

Accrued purchased services
45.1

 
42.0

Accrued short-term restructuring costs
44.1

 
46.8

Accrued cash-settled restricted stock
18.6

 
19.3

Other accrued expenses
132.7

 
97.5

   Total Accrued Expenses
$
1,352.3

 
$
1,291.8


7


Other Current Liabilities
The following table outlines the Company’s other current liabilities:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Deferred revenue
$
52.9

 
$
62.4

Bank overdrafts
48.8

 
29.5

Employee benefits
35.4

 
38.7

Acquisition earn-out liability
21.8

 
21.8

Litigation costs
17.4

 
22.1

Income taxes payable
13.9

 

Current portion of interest rate swap liability
4.9

 
5.2

Other current liabilities
33.5

 
23.9

   Total Other Current Liabilities
$
228.6

 
$
203.6

Fair Value Measurements
FASB ASC Topic 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures," defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and classifies the inputs used to measure fair value into the following hierarchy:
Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;
Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable, generally utilizing pricing models or other valuation techniques that reflect management’s judgment and estimates.
The aggregate net fair value estimates are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management. The respective carrying value of certain financial instruments approximated their fair values as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. These financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and current maturities of long-term debt. Fair values approximate carrying values for these financial instruments since they are short-term in nature and are receivable or payable on demand. The fair value of the asset financing arrangements ("Asset Financing") approximates carrying value since the debt is primarily issued at a floating rate, may be prepaid any time at par without penalty and the remaining life is short-term in nature.
Cash equivalents consist of short-term interest-bearing instruments (primarily commercial paper, certificates of deposit and money market funds) with maturities of three months or less at the date of purchase. The carrying amounts for money market funds are a reasonable estimate of fair value and quoted market prices are available, and accordingly, are classified as Level 1 instruments. Commercial paper and certificates of deposit are generally valued using published interest rates for instruments with similar terms and maturities, and accordingly, are classified as Level 2 instruments. The fair value of the Company's Senior Notes due 2022, Senior Notes due 2019, Senior Notes due 2018 (collectively described as the “Senior Notes” when referring to the Senior Notes due 2018, Senior Notes due 2019, Senior Notes due 2021, and Senior Notes due 2022), Senior Debentures due 2034 (the “Senior Debentures”), and the 4.50% Convertible Senior Notes due October 1, 2017 (the “Convertible Notes”) was estimated using quoted market prices for identical instruments in active markets. The fair value of the Company's Term Loan Facility (the “Term Loan Facility”), Senior Notes due 2021 and Euro private placement notes due 2020 (the “Euro Private Placement Notes”) was estimated using inputs that are readily available market inputs for long-term debt with similar terms and maturities. The Company's derivative instruments include over-the-counter derivatives that are primarily valued using models that rely on observable market inputs, such as currency exchange rates and yield curves. For additional information refer to Note 12—Derivative Instruments.

8


The following table summarizes the carrying value and valuation of financial instruments within the fair value hierarchy:
 
March 31, 2016
(Dollars in millions)
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Financial Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
93.3

 
$
93.3

 
$
29.6

 
$
63.7

 
$

Financial Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes due 2022
1,577.7

 
1,568.0

 
1,568.0

 

 

Senior Notes due 2021
561.5

 
541.5

 

 
541.5

 

Senior Notes due 2019
900.3

 
936.0

 
936.0

 

 

Senior Notes due 2018
268.0

 
272.1

 
272.1

 

 

Term loan facility
1,537.9

 
1,600.0

 

 
1,600.0

 

Senior Debentures due 2034
199.5

 
219.0

 
219.0

 

 

Convertible senior notes
47.5

 
98.9

 
98.9

 

 

Euro private placement notes due 2020
15.0

 
14.9

 

 
14.9

 

Derivative instruments
42.8

 
42.8

 

 
42.8

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
(Dollars in millions)
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Financial Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
83.2

 
$
83.2

 
$
9.1

 
$
74.1

 
$

Financial Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes due 2022
1,577.0

 
1,479.8

 
1,479.8

 

 

Senior Notes due 2021
536.6

 
507.5

 

 
507.5

 

Senior Notes due 2019
900.4

 
920.3

 
920.3

 

 

Senior Notes due 2018
268.2

 
271.0

 

 
271.0

 

Term loan facility
1,540.3

 
1,590.0

 

 
1,590.0

 

Senior Debentures due 2034
199.0

 
201.0

 

 
201.0

 

Convertible senior notes
46.8

 
89.1

 
89.1

 

 

Euro private placement notes due 2020
14.5

 
13.9

 

 
13.9

 

Derivative instruments
8.8

 
8.8

 

 
8.8

 

New Accounting Standards
In May 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-07, Fair Value Measurements (Topic 820): "Disclosures for Investments in Certain Entities That Calculate Net Asset Value per Share (or Its Equivalent)." This ASU removes the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy all investments for which fair value is measured using the net asset value per share practical expedient. This ASU is effective retrospectively for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2015. The Company's adoption of this standard in the first quarter of 2016 had no material impact to the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805): "Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments," which simplifies how adjustments are made to provisional amounts recognized in a business combination during the measurement period. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of 2016. See Note 3 - Acquisitions for the current-quarter impact.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): "Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net)," which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. This standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company will adopt this standard in the first quarter of 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the standard and the impact on the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

9


In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): "Improvements to Employee Share-based Payment Accounting," which involves several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Under the new standard, income tax benefits and deficiencies are to be recognized as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement and the tax effects of exercised or vested awards should be treated as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur. An entity should also recognize excess tax benefits regardless of whether the benefit reduces taxes payable in the current period. Excess tax benefits should be classified along with other income tax cash flows as an operating activity. In regards to forfeitures, the entity may make an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest or account for forfeitures when they occur. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 including interim periods within that reporting period, however early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the standard and the impacts, if any, on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
3. Acquisitions
2015 Acquisitions
Con-way Inc.
On September 9, 2015, XPO entered into a definitive Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") with Con-way Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Con-way"), and Canada Merger Corp., a Delaware corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of XPO ("Merger Subsidiary"). Headquartered in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Con-way was a Fortune 500 company with a transportation and logistics network of 582 locations and approximately 30,000 employees serving over 36,000 customers.
Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, XPO caused Merger Subsidiary to commence a cash tender offer (the "Offer") for all of Con-way's outstanding shares of common stock, par value $0.625 per share (the "Shares"), at a purchase price of $47.60 per Share, net to the seller in cash, without interest thereon and less any applicable withholding taxes. The Offer and withdrawal rights expired on October 30, 2015. A total of 46,150,072 Shares were validly tendered and not properly withdrawn pursuant to the Offer as of the expiration date, representing approximately 81.1% of the outstanding Shares. In addition, Notices of Guaranteed Delivery were delivered for 1,793,225 Shares, representing approximately 3.2% of the outstanding Shares. The number of Shares tendered satisfied the minimum condition, and all Shares that were validly tendered and not withdrawn pursuant to the Offer were accepted for payment. The fair value of the total consideration paid in the Offer and Merger Agreement was $2,317.8 million, net of cash acquired of $437.3 million, consisting of $2,706.6 million of cash paid at the time of closing for the purchase of all of Con-way’s outstanding shares of common stock, $17.6 million representing the portion of replacement equity awards attributable to pre-acquisition service, and a $30.9 million liability for the settlement of certain Con-way stock-based compensation awards.
On October 30, 2015, following its acceptance of the tendered shares, XPO completed its acquisition of Con-way pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement. Merger Subsidiary merged with and into Con-way, with Con-way continuing as the surviving corporation as a wholly owned subsidiary of XPO. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, at the effective time each Share issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time was converted into the right to receive the purchase price other than Shares owned by (i) Con-way, XPO or Merger Subsidiary, which Shares have been canceled and cease to exist, (ii) any subsidiary of Con-way or XPO (other than Merger Subsidiary), which Shares have been converted into shares of common stock of the surviving corporation, or (iii) stockholders who validly exercise appraisal rights under Delaware law with respect to such Shares. All Con-way shares not validly tendered into the Offer have been canceled and converted into the right to receive the same $47.60 per share, net to the seller in cash, without interest thereon and less any applicable withholding taxes, as was paid for all Shares that were validly tendered and not withdrawn in the Offer. Con-way shares have ceased trading on the New York Stock Exchange.
At the effective time (as specified in the Merger Agreement, the "Effective Time"), each Con-way stock option and stock appreciation right, whether vested or unvested, was converted into an option to purchase shares of XPO common stock or a stock appreciation right in respect of XPO common stock, as applicable, with the same terms and conditions as were applicable to such stock option or stock appreciation right immediately prior to the Effective Time, with the number of shares of XPO common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number of shares) subject to such stock option or stock appreciation right equal to the product of (i) the total number of Shares underlying such stock option or stock appreciation right immediately prior to the Effective Time, multiplied by (ii) the quotient obtained by dividing the per share merger consideration by the volume-weighted average trading price of XPO common stock on the New York Stock Exchange for the five consecutive trading days ending on the trading day immediately preceding the closing date (the "Equity Award Conversion Amount"), and with the exercise price applicable to such stock option or stock appreciation right to equal the quotient (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) obtained by dividing (a) the exercise price per Share applicable to such stock option or stock appreciation right immediately prior to the Effective Time, by (b) the Equity Award Conversion Amount.

10


(Dollars in millions)
 
Cash consideration
$
2,706.6

Liability for equity award settlement
30.9

Portion of replacement equity awards attributable to pre-acquisition service
17.6

Cash acquired
(437.3
)
Total consideration
$
2,317.8

The Con-way transaction was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC Topic 805 "Business Combinations." Assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at their estimated fair values as of October 30, 2015, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. Goodwill includes the expected synergies and cost rationalization from the merger of operations as well as intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition such as an assembled workforce.
The following table outlines the consideration transferred and purchase price allocation at the respective estimated fair values as of October 30, 2015:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Consideration
$
2,317.8

Accounts receivable
670.1

Other current assets
129.9

Property and equipment
1,892.3

Trade name
5.6

Customer relationships
641.0

Other long-term assets
48.5

Accounts payable
(354.6
)
Accrued expenses
(383.5
)
Other current liabilities
(27.5
)
Long-term debt
(640.6
)
Deferred tax liabilities
(619.4
)
Employee benefit obligations
(153.5
)
Other long-term liabilities
(197.4
)
Goodwill
$
1,306.9

As of March 31, 2016, the purchase price allocation is preliminary and is based on information that is available to management at the time the consolidated financial statements were prepared. The most significant open items include the fair value of property and equipment, favorable and unfavorable leasehold assets and liabilities, definite-lived intangible assets, assumed liabilities and taxes. Based on a preliminary allocation, $1,025.7 million of the goodwill relates to the Transportation reportable segment and $281.2 million of the goodwill relates to the Logistics reportable segment. The goodwill as a result of the acquisition is not deductible for income tax purposes.
During the first quarter of 2016, management updated their assumptions in the measurement of fair value for property and
equipment and customer relationships. The effect of this change was a $5.8 million decrease in depreciation and amortization expense recorded during the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 which related to the three-month period ended December 31, 2015.
Norbert Dentressangle SA
On April 28, 2015, XPO entered into (1) a Share Purchase Agreement (the "Share Purchase Agreement") relating to Norbert Dentressangle SA ("ND"), a French société anonyme, among Dentressangle Initiatives, a French société par actions simplifiée, Mr. Norbert Dentressangle, Mrs. Evelyne Dentressangle, Mr. Pierre-Henri Dentressangle, Ms. Marine Dentressangle and XPO and (2) a Tender Offer Agreement (the "Tender Offer Agreement" and, together with the Share Purchase Agreement, the "ND Transaction Agreements") between XPO and ND. The ND Transaction Agreements provided for the acquisition of a majority stake in ND by XPO, followed by an all-cash simplified tender offer by XPO to acquire the remaining outstanding shares.
On June 8, 2015, pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions of the Share Purchase Agreement, Dentressangle Initiatives, Mr. Norbert Dentressangle, Mrs. Evelyne Dentressangle, Mr. Pierre-Henri Dentressangle and Ms. Marine Dentressangle (collectively, the "Sellers") sold to XPO and XPO purchased from the Sellers (the "Share Purchase"), all of the

11


ordinary shares of ND owned by the Sellers, representing a total of approximately 67% of the share capital of ND and all of the outstanding share subscription warrants granted by ND to employees, directors or other officers of ND and its affiliates. Total cash consideration paid for the majority interest in the share capital of ND and settlement of the warrants was €1,437.0 million, or $1,603.9 million, excluding acquired debt. Consideration included only the portion of the fair value of the warrants attributable to service performed prior to the acquisition date. The remaining balance was recorded as compensation expense in the post-combination period. In conjunction with the Share Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to settle certain performance stock awards of ND. Similar to the warrants, the consideration of €11.8 million, or $13.2 million, included only the portion of the fair value attributable to service performed prior to the acquisition date with the balance recorded as compensation expense in the post-combination period. The performance share settlement will be paid in cash with 50% of the awards paid 18 months from the acquisition date and the remaining 50% paid in 36 months. Further, as a result of the acquisition, the Company repaid certain indebtedness and related interest rate swap liabilities of ND totaling €628.5 million, or $705.0 million.
On June 11, 2015, XPO filed with the French Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the "AMF") a mandatory simplified cash offer (the "Tender Offer") to purchase all of the outstanding ordinary shares of ND (other than the shares already owned by XPO) at a price of €217.50 per share. On June 23, 2015, the Company received the necessary approval from the AMF to launch the Tender Offer and the Tender Offer was launched on June 25, 2015. The Tender Offer remained open for a period of 16 trading days. As of March 31, 2016, the Company purchased 1,921,553 shares under the Tender Offer and acquired a total of approximately 86.25% of the share capital of ND. The total fair value of the consideration provided for the noncontrolling interest in ND at the acquisition date is €702.5 million, or $784.2 million, which is based on the quoted market price of ND shares on the acquisition date. Total consideration is summarized in the table below in Euros ("EUR") and USD:
(In millions)
In EUR
 
In USD
Cash consideration
1,437.0

 
$
1,603.9

Liability for performance share settlement
11.8

 
13.2

Repayment of indebtedness
628.5

 
705.0

Noncontrolling interests
702.5

 
784.2

Cash acquired
(134.6
)
 
(151.0
)
Total consideration
2,645.2

 
$
2,955.3


12


The ND Share Purchase was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC Topic 805 "Business Combinations." Assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at their estimated fair values as of June 8, 2015, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. Goodwill includes the expected synergies and cost rationalization from the merger of operations as well as intangible assets that do not qualify for separate recognition such as an assembled workforce. The following table outlines the consideration transferred and purchase price allocation at the respective estimated fair values as of June 8, 2015:
(Dollars in millions)
 
Consideration
$
2,955.3

Accounts receivable
1,060.4

Other current assets
350.1

Deferred tax assets
27.2

Property and equipment
730.7

Trade name covenants
40.0

Non-compete agreements
5.6

Customer relationships
827.0

Other long-term assets
63.6

Accounts payable
(804.1
)
Accrued expenses
(422.8
)
Other current liabilities
(164.6
)
Long-term debt
(643.4
)
Deferred tax liabilities
(245.5
)
Employee benefit obligations
(142.3
)
Other long-term liabilities
(148.8
)
Noncontrolling interests
(37.2
)
Goodwill
$
2,459.4

As of March 31, 2016, the most significant open items related to the purchase price allocation include the fair value of property and equipment, favorable and unfavorable leasehold assets and liabilities, definite-lived intangible assets, assumed liabilities and taxes. Based on a preliminary allocation, $961.9 million of the goodwill relates to the Transportation reportable segment and $1,497.5 million of the goodwill relates to the Logistics reportable segment. The goodwill as a result of the acquisition is not deductible for local country income tax purposes. The Company allocated the purchase price from its acquisition of ND down to the legal entities resulting in deferred tax assets and liabilities which on a jurisdictional basis have been netted. The jurisdictional netting resulted in a reduction of both deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities of $116.0 million during the first quarter of 2016, and had no impact on goodwill.
Bridge Terminal Transport Services, Inc.
On May 4, 2015, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with BTTS Holding Corporation to acquire all of the outstanding capital stock of Bridge Terminal Transport Services, Inc. ("BTT"), a leading asset-light drayage provider in the United States. The closing of the transaction was effective on June 1, 2015. The fair value of the total consideration paid under the BTT Stock Purchase Agreement was $103.8 million and consisted of $103.1 million of cash paid at the time of closing, including an estimate of the working capital adjustment, and $0.7 million of equity.
The BTT acquisition was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC Topic 805 "Business Combinations." Assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at their estimated fair values as of June 1, 2015, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. As a result of the acquisition, the Company recorded goodwill of $57.0 million and definite-lived intangible assets of $30.0 million. All goodwill relates to the Transportation reportable segment and is not deductible for income tax purposes. As of March 31, 2016, the purchase price allocation is considered final, except for the fair value of taxes and assumed liabilities.
UX Specialized Logistics
On February 9, 2015, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Earlybird Delivery Systems, LLC to acquire certain assets of UX Specialized Logistics, LLC ("UX"). The fair value of the total consideration paid under the UX Asset Purchase Agreement was $58.9 million and consisted of $58.1 million of cash paid at the time of closing, including an

13


estimate of the working capital adjustment, and $0.8 million of equity. UX provided last mile logistics and same day delivery services for major retail chains and e-commerce companies. 
The UX acquisition was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC Topic 805 "Business Combinations." Assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet at their estimated fair values as of February 9, 2015, with the remaining unallocated purchase price recorded as goodwill. As a result of the acquisition, the Company recorded goodwill of $38.1 million and definite-lived intangible assets of $18.8 million. All goodwill relates to the Transportation reportable segment and is fully deductible for income tax purposes. As of March 31, 2016, the purchase price allocation is considered final.
Pro Forma Financial Information
The following unaudited pro forma consolidated results of operations for the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 present consolidated information of the Company as if the acquisitions of Con-way and ND had occurred as of January 1, 2015:
 
Historical Three Months Ended
 
Pro Forma Three Months Ended
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
March 31, 2016
 
March 31, 2015
Revenue
$
3,545.7

 
$
3,542.3

Operating income
$
62.4

 
$
52.2

Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(23.2
)
 
$
(34.9
)
Basic loss per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.33
)
Diluted loss per share
$
(0.21
)
 
$
(0.33
)
The unaudited pro forma consolidated results for the three-month period were prepared using the acquisition method of accounting and are based on the historical financial information of Con-way, ND and the Company. The unaudited pro forma consolidated results incorporate historical financial information for all significant acquisitions pursuant to SEC regulations since January 1, 2015. The historical financial information has been adjusted to give effect to pro forma adjustments that are: (i) directly attributable to the acquisition, (ii) factually supportable and (iii) expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results. The unaudited pro forma consolidated results are not necessarily indicative of what the Company’s consolidated results of operations actually would have been had it completed these acquisitions on January 1, 2015.
4. Restructuring Charges
In conjunction with various acquisitions, the Company has initiated facility rationalization and severance programs to close facilities and reduce employment in order to improve efficiency and profitability or adjust for the loss of certain business. The programs include facility exit activities and employment reduction initiatives.
The amount of restructuring charges incurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2016, and included in the Company's consolidated statement of operations as sales, general and administrative expense, direct operating expense, and cost of transportation and services, is summarized below.
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2016
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
Reserve Balance at December 31, 2015
 
Charges Incurred
 
Payments
 
Reserve Balance at March 31, 2016
Transportation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contract termination
$
0.1

 
$
0.2

 
$

 
$
0.3

Facilities
0.6

 
0.1

 
(0.2
)
 
0.5

Severance
26.7

 
0.4

 
(6.2
)
 
20.9

Total
27.4

 
0.7

 
(6.4
)
 
21.7

Logistics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contract termination
0.8

 
0.4

 
(0.5
)
 
0.7

Severance
25.5

 
6.4

 
(4.8
)
 
27.1

Total
26.3

 
6.8

 
(5.3
)
 
27.8

Corporate
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contract termination
4.0

 

 
(1.2
)
 
2.8

Severance
3.5

 

 
(0.3
)
 
3.2

Total
7.5

 

 
(1.5
)
 
6.0

Total
$
61.2

 
$
7.5

 
$
(13.2
)
 
$
55.5


14


5. Contingencies
Litigation
The Company is involved, and will continue to be involved, in numerous legal proceedings arising out of the conduct of its business. These proceedings may include, among other matters, claims for property damage or personal injury incurred in connection with the transportation of freight, claims regarding anti-competitive practices, and employment-related claims, including claims involving asserted breaches of employee restrictive covenants and tortious interference with contract. These proceedings also include numerous purported class-action lawsuits, multi-plaintiff and individual lawsuits and state tax and other administrative proceedings that claim either that the Company’s owner operators or contract carriers should be treated as employees, rather than independent contractors, or that certain of the Company's drivers were not paid for all compensable time or were not provided with required meal or rest breaks. These lawsuits and proceedings may seek substantial monetary damages (including claims for unpaid wages, overtime, failure to provide meal and rest periods, unreimbursed business expenses and other items), injunctive relief, or both.
The Company establishes accruals for specific legal proceedings when it is considered probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Accruals for loss contingencies are reviewed quarterly and adjusted as additional information becomes available. In connection with certain acquisitions of privately-held businesses, the Company has retained purchase price holdbacks or escrows to provide security for a negotiated duration with respect to damages incurred in connection with pre-acquisition claims and litigation matters. If a loss is not both probable and reasonably estimable, or if an exposure to loss exists in excess of the amount accrued therefor or the applicable purchase price holdback or escrow, the Company assesses whether there is at least a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred. If there is a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred, the Company discloses the estimate of the possible loss or range of loss if it is material and an estimate can be made, or states that such an estimate cannot be made. The evaluation as to whether a loss is reasonably possible or probable is based on the Company’s assessment, in conjunction with legal counsel, regarding the ultimate outcome of the matter.
The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for, or has adequate purchase price holdbacks or escrows with respect to, the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable. The Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of any matters to which the Company is presently party will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. However, the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Legal costs incurred related to these matters are expensed as incurred.
The Company carries liability and excess umbrella insurance policies that it deems sufficient to cover potential legal claims arising in the normal course of conducting its operations as a transportation company. The liability and excess umbrella insurance policies do not cover the misclassification claims described in this Note. In the event the Company is required to satisfy a legal claim outside the scope of the coverage provided by insurance, the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows could be negatively impacted.
Intermodal Drayage Classification Claims
Certain of the Company’s intermodal drayage subsidiaries received notices from the California Labor Commissioner, Division of Labor Standards Enforcement (the "DLSE"), that a total of approximately 150 owner operators contracted with these subsidiaries filed claims in 2012 with the DLSE in which they assert that they should be classified as employees, rather than independent contractors. These claims seek reimbursement for the owner operators’ business expenses, including fuel, tractor maintenance and tractor lease payments. After a decision was rendered by a DLSE hearing officer in seven of these claims, in 2014, the Company appealed the decision to California Superior Court, San Diego, where a de novo trial was held on the merits of those claims. On July 17, 2015, the court issued a final statement of decision finding that the seven claimants were employees rather than independent contractors, and awarding an aggregate of $2.9 million plus post-judgment interest and attorneys' fees to the claimants. The Company appealed this judgment, but cannot provide assurance that such appeal will be successful. The remaining DLSE claims (the "Pending DLSE Claims") have been transferred to California Superior Court in three separate actions involving approximately 200 claimants, including the approximately 150 claimants mentioned above. These matters are in the initial procedural stages. The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable relating to the Pending DLSE Claims. The Company is unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, in excess of its accrued liability that it may incur as a result of the Pending DLSE Claims.
One of these intermodal drayage subsidiaries also is a party to a putative class action litigation (Manuela Ruelas Mendoza v. Pacer Cartage, Inc.) brought by Edwin Molina on August 19, 2013 and currently pending in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of California. Mr. Molina asserts that he should be classified as an employee, rather than an independent contractor, and seeks damages for alleged violation of various California wage and hour laws. Mr. Molina seeks to have the litigation certified

15


as a class action involving all owner-operators contracted with this subsidiary at any time from August 2009 to the present, which could involve as many as 625 claimants. Certain of these potential claimants also may have Pending DLSE Claims. The Company has reached an agreement to settle this litigation with the claimant. The settlement agreement has been conditionally approved by the court but remains subject to acceptance by a minimum percentage of members of the purported class. There can be no assurance that the settlement agreement will be accepted by the requisite percentage of members of the purported class. The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable relating to these claims.
Another of the Company’s intermodal drayage subsidiaries is a party to a putative class action litigation (C. Arevalo v. XPO Port Services, Inc.) brought by Carlos Arevalo in the Superior Court for the State of California, County of Los Angeles Central District filed in August 2015. Mr. Arevalo asserts that he should be classified as an employee, rather than an independent contractor, and seeks damages for alleged violation of various California wage and hour laws. Mr. Arevalo seeks to have the litigation certified as a class action involving all owner-operators contracted with this subsidiary at any time from August 2011 to the present. Certain of these potential claimants also may have Pending DLSE Claims. This matter is in the initial pleading stage and the court has not yet determined whether to certify the matter as a class action. The Company is unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, that it may incur as a result of this matter.
Last Mile Logistics Classification Claims
Certain of the Company’s last mile logistics subsidiaries are party to several putative class action litigations brought by independent contract carriers contracted with these subsidiaries in which the contract carriers assert that they should be classified as employees, rather than independent contractors. The particular claims asserted vary from case to case, but the claims generally allege unpaid wages, unpaid overtime, or failure to provide meal and rest periods, and seek reimbursement of the contract carriers’ business expenses. Putative class actions against the Company’s subsidiaries are pending in California (Fernando Ruiz v. Affinity Logistics Corp., filed in May 2005, currently in the Federal District Court, Southern District of California; and Ron Carter, Juan Estrada, Jerry Green, Burl Malmgren, Bill McDonald and Joel Morales v. XPO Logistics, Inc., filed in March 2016 in the Federal District Court, Northern District of California), New Jersey (Leonardo Alegre v. Atlantic Central Logistics, Simply Logistics, Inc., filed in March 2015 in the Federal District Court, New Jersey), Pennsylvania (Victor Reyes v. XPO Logistics, Inc., filed in May 2015 in the U.S. District Court, Pennsylvania) and Connecticut (Carlos Taveras v. XPO Last Mile, Inc., filed in November 2015 in the Federal District Court, Connecticut). The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies relating to the foregoing claims that are probable and reasonably estimable. The Company is unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, in excess of its accrued liability that it may incur as a result of these claims.
During the first quarter of 2016, the Company completed the settlement of multi-plaintiff actions in Massachusetts (Celso Martins, Alexandre Rocha, and Calvin Anderson v. 3PD, Inc. filed in July 2011 in Massachusetts State Court) and Illinois (Marvin Brandon, Rafael Aguilera, and Aldo Mendez-Etzig v. 3PD, Inc. filed in May 2013 in the Federal District Court, Northern District of Illinois).
Last Mile TCPA Claims
The Company is a party to a putative class action litigation (Leung v. XPO Logistics, Inc., filed in May 2015 in the U.S. District Court, Illinois) alleging violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") related to an automated customer call system used by a last mile logistics business that the Company acquired. The Company has asserted indemnity rights pursuant to the agreement by which it acquired this business, subject to certain limits. This matter is in the initial pleading stage and the court has not yet determined whether to certify the matter as a class action. The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable relating to this matter. The Company is unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, in excess of its accrued liability that it may incur as a result of this matter.
Less-Than-Truckload Meal Break Claims
The Company’s LTL subsidiary is a party to several class action litigations alleging violations of the state of California's wage and hour laws. Plaintiffs allege failure to provide drivers with required meal breaks and rest breaks. Plaintiffs seek to recover unspecified monetary damages, penalties, interest and attorneys’ fees. The primary case is Jose Alberto Fonseca Pina, et al. v. Con-way Freight Inc., et al. (the "Pina case"). The Pina case was initially filed in November 2009 in Monterey County Superior Court and was removed to the U.S. District Court of California, Northern District. The Company has reached a tentative agreement to settle the Pina case, subject to execution of a settlement agreement, court approval and acceptance by a minimum percentage of members of the purported class. There can be no assurance that the settlement agreement will be finalized and executed, that the court will approve any such settlement agreement or that it will be accepted by the requisite percentage of members of the purported class. The Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of

16


loss contingencies relating to the Pina case. The Company is unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, in excess of its accrued liability that it may incur as a result of these claims.
Con-way Acquisition Litigation
On October 7, 2015, a purported stockholder of Con-way filed a putative class action complaint in the Delaware Court of Chancery, captioned Abrams v. Espe, et al., C.A. No. 11585-VCN. The complaint named the members of the board of directors of Con-way, XPO and an affiliate, and Citigroup Inc., financial advisor to Con-way in connection with the proposed acquisition, as defendants. The complaint alleged that the directors breached their fiduciary duties by, among other things, failing to maximize shareholder value in connection with the proposed transaction and failing to disclose certain information in the Schedule 14D-9 of Con-way relating to the proposed acquisition. The complaint also alleged that the other defendants aided and abetted those alleged breaches of fiduciary duty. The lawsuit sought, among other relief, a preliminary injunction, rescissory damages and recovery of the costs of the action, including reasonable attorneys' and experts' fees. On February 24, 2016, the plaintiff filed a Stipulation and Proposed Order requesting dismissal of the action, and further noting their intent to submit an application for an award of attorneys’ fees and reimbursement of expenses. On February 24, 2016, the Delaware court granted the Order, retaining jurisdiction solely for the purpose of determining plaintiff’s counsel’s application for an award of attorneys’ fees and reimbursement of expenses. The Company has agreed to pay fees and expenses of plaintiff’s counsel, and plaintiff’s counsel has agreed not to make any application to the Court for additional attorneys’ fees and expenses. This fee has not been in any way approved or ruled upon by the Court of Chancery.
XPO Logistics Worldwide Government Services Investigation
On June 11, 2014, XPO Logistics Worldwide Government Services, LLC, formerly known as Menlo Worldwide Government Services, LLC ("Government Services"), a subsidiary of the contract logistics business that the Company acquired through the Con-way transaction, received a subpoena duces tecum from the U.S. Department of Defense Inspector General requesting records relating to an investigation into compliance with the terms and conditions of its contractual arrangements with the United States Transportation Command (the "DTCI Contract") for work performed prior to the acquisition of Government Services by the Company. Government Services received a follow-on Civil Investigative Demand from the U.S. Department of Justice dated September 30, 2015, related to the same or related matters. On April 23, 2016, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with the United States Department of Justice regarding the foregoing investigation. The settlement fully resolves disputed charges under the DTCI Contract, and all related claims have been dismissed with prejudice, waived and released. The Company denied that any wrongdoing occurred.
6. Property and Equipment
The following table outlines the Company’s property and equipment:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Property and Equipment

 

Land
$
363.6

 
$
359.5

Buildings and leasehold improvements
477.7

 
476.8

Vehicles, tractors, trailers and tankers
1,496.1

 
1,440.5

Machinery and equipment
342.2

 
325.9

Office and warehouse equipment
87.3

 
79.5

Computer software and equipment
403.3

 
379.3


3,170.2

 
3,061.5

Less: Accumulated depreciation
(349.9
)
 
(209.3
)
Total Property and Equipment, net
$
2,820.3

 
$
2,852.2

Depreciation of property and equipment was $119.5 million and $15.8 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The net book value of capitalized internally-developed software totaled $126.5 million and $122.8 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

17


7. Intangible Assets
The following table outlines the Company’s identifiable intangible assets:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
(Dollars in millions)
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Definite-lived intangibles
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
$
1,889.8

 
$
212.8

 
$
2,017.0

 
$
174.4

Trade name
52.1

 
33.7

 
51.0

 
29.1

Non-compete agreements
16.4

 
7.7

 
18.7

 
6.8

Carrier relationships
12.1

 
12.1

 
12.1

 
12.1

Other intangible assets
2.2

 
2.1

 
2.2

 
2.1

 
$
1,972.6

 
$
268.4

 
$
2,101.0

 
$
224.5

Estimated future amortization expense for intangible assets for the remaining nine months of 2016 and next four years is as follows: 
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
Estimated amortization expense
$
133.8

 
$
166.1

 
$
158.1

 
$
151.8

 
$
145.7

Actual amounts of amortization expense may differ from estimated amounts due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, additional intangible asset acquisitions, impairment of intangible assets, accelerated amortization of intangible assets and other events.
Intangible asset amortization expense recorded in sales, general and administrative expense was $42.0 million and $18.0 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
8. Goodwill
The following table shows changes in the gross carrying amounts of goodwill. The current period additions are the result of adjustments related to prior year acquisitions for which the measurement period remains open.
(Dollars in millions)
Transportation
 
Logistics
 
Total
Goodwill at December 31, 2015
$
2,504.7

 
$
2,105.9

 
$
4,610.6

Property and equipment and intangible asset fair value adjustments
145.2

 
37.4

 
182.6

Deferred tax adjustments
(58.0
)
 
(18.5
)
 
(76.5
)
Litigation liability adjustments, net of tax
13.7

 
0.6

 
14.3

Impact of foreign exchange translation
19.9

 
30.9

 
50.8

Other adjustments
4.1

 
1.1

 
5.2

Goodwill at March 31, 2016
$
2,629.6

 
$
2,157.4

 
$
4,787.0


9. Employee Benefit Plans
Defined Benefit Pension Plans
In the periods presented, certain employees of XPO and its subsidiaries in the U.S. and the UK were covered under one of several retirement plans. The Company did not have defined benefit pension plans prior to June 2015.
The following table outlines the amount of net periodic benefit expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016:
(Dollars in millions)
U.S. Qualified Plans
 
U.S. Non-Qualified Plans
 
UK Plans
Net periodic benefit expense (income):
 
 
 
 
 
Interest cost
$
19.0

 
$
0.8

 
$
11.5

Expected return on plan assets
(22.1
)
 

 
(14.9
)
Net periodic benefit expense (income)
$
(3.1
)
 
$
0.8

 
$
(3.4
)
The Company has not contributed to and has no plans to contribute to its U.S. Plans in 2016. The Company has contributed

18


$3.2 million to its UK Plans through March 31, 2016, and estimates it will contribute $15.1 million in aggregate to its UK Plans in 2016.
Defined Contribution Retirement Plans
The Company’s cost for defined contribution retirement plans was $14.4 million for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. The Company did not have significant defined contribution retirement plan costs in the first quarter of 2015.
Postretirement Medical Plan
As a result of the Company’s acquisition of Con-way as described in Note 3—Acquisitions, the Company sponsors a postretirement medical plan. The following table sets forth the amount of net periodic benefit expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016:
(Dollars in millions)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
Net periodic benefit expense:
 
Service cost - benefits earned during the year
$
0.2

Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
0.5

Net periodic benefit expense
$
0.7

10. Stock-Based Compensation
During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized the following stock-based compensation expense in direct operating expense and sales, general and administrative expense:
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions)
 
2016
 
2015
Stock options
 
$
0.4

 
$
0.5

Stock appreciation rights
 
0.4

 

Restricted stock units
 
4.7

 
1.2

Performance-based restricted stock units
 
1.6

 
0.6

Cash-settled performance-based restricted stock units
 
4.8

 

Total stock-based compensation expense
 
$
11.9

 
$
2.3

The Company did not realize any excess tax benefit for tax deductions from the stock-based compensation plan in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
Stock Options
A summary of stock option award activity for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 is presented below:  
 
 Stock Options
 
Number of Stock Options
 
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Exercise Price Range
 
Weighted- Average Grant Date Fair Value
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Term
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
2,004,280

 
$
16.66

 
$2.68 - $31.88
 
$
6.06

 
4.57
Exercised
(97,565
)
 
19.91

 
$2.68 - $25.18
 
6.90

 
 
Forfeited or expired
(180,848
)
 
29.70

 
$27.69 - $29.79
 
1.53

 
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2016
1,725,867

 
$
15.11

 
$3.88 - $31.88
 
$
6.54

 
4.96
Options exercisable at March 31, 2016
1,408,612

 
$
14.76

 
$3.88 - $31.88
 
$
6.01

 
4.50

19


As of March 31, 2016, the Company had 1,408,612 options vested and exercisable and $1.9 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options. The intrinsic value of options vested and exercisable at March 31, 2016 was $22.5 million. The remaining estimated compensation expense related to the existing stock options is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
Remaining estimated compensation expense related to existing stock options
$
0.8

 
$
0.6

 
$
0.4

 
$
0.1

The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was $0.8 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The total cash received from options exercised was $1.9 million and $0.1 million during the three-month periods ending March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Stock Appreciation Rights
In connection with the Con-way transaction, the Company assumed all stock appreciation rights ("SARs") held by Con-way employees. Each SAR was converted into an equivalent number of SARs with the same terms and conditions as were applicable prior to the acquisition. All converted SARs were fully vested as of the acquisition date. The SARs are liability-classified awards, and as a result, the Company re-measures the fair value of the awards each reporting period until the awards are settled. The Company recognizes any changes in fair value as compensation cost in the current period. The ultimate expense recognized for the SARs is equal to the intrinsic value at settlement. At March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had recognized accrued liabilities for cash-settled SARs of $2.3 million and $1.9 million, respectively, using a weighted-average fair value per SAR of $16.55 and $13.45, respectively.
The following table summarizes SAR activity for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016:
 
 Stock Appreciation Rights
 
Number of Rights
 
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Term
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
143,603

 
$
15.61

 
1.79
Exercised
(6,299
)
 
15.61

 
Outstanding at March 31, 2016
137,304

 
$
15.61

 
1.43
SARs exercisable at March 31, 2016
137,304

 
15.61

 
1.43
The intrinsic value of SARs outstanding and exercisable at March 31, 2016 was $2.1 million.
Restricted Stock Units and Performance-based Restricted Stock Units
A summary of restricted stock units ("RSU") and performance-based restricted stock units ("PRSU") award activity for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 is presented below:
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
Performance-based Restricted Stock Units
 
Number of Restricted Stock Units
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
 
Number of Performance-based Restricted
Stock Units
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015
1,558,441

 
$
23.01

 
1,987,060

 
$
21.47

Granted
45,507

 
26.47

 

 

Vested
(95,220
)
 
30.17

 
(103,530
)
 
32.47

Forfeited
(79,816
)
 
26.02

 
(14,505
)
 
30.03

Outstanding at March 31, 2016
1,428,912

 
$
22.49

 
1,869,025

 
$
18.21

The total fair value of RSUs vested during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 was $2.5 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Of the 1,428,912 outstanding RSUs, 1,229,948 vest subject to service conditions and 198,964 vest subject to service and market conditions.
The total fair value of PRSUs vested during the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 was $2.3 million. Of the 1,869,025 outstanding PRSUs, 1,632,869 vest subject to service and a combination of market and performance conditions and 236,156 vest subject to service and performance conditions.

20


As of March 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $20.9 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested RSU and PRSU compensation that is anticipated to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.26 years. Remaining estimated compensation expense related to outstanding RSUs and PRSUs is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020 and Thereafter
Remaining estimated compensation expense related to outstanding RSUs and PRSUs deemed probable
$
10.8

 
$
5.8

 
$
2.5

 
$
0.4

 
$
1.4

The remaining estimated compensation expense excludes the impact of $21.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to PRSUs not deemed probable as of March 31, 2016.
Cash-settled Performance-based Restricted Stock Units
In February 2016, the Company entered into Employment Agreements (the "Agreements") with certain executive officers. The Agreements provide for cash-settled PRSU grants under the XPO Logistics Inc. Amended and Restated 2011 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan to each of the executive officers effective February 9, 2016. Twenty-five percent of the PRSUs vest and are settled in cash on each of the first four anniversaries of the grant, subject to the officer's continued employment through the applicable anniversary and achievement of certain performance targets for each tranche. Cash-settled PRSU awards are measured at fair value initially based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock at the date of grant and are required to be re-measured to fair value at each reporting date until settlement. Compensation expense for cash-settled PRSUs is recognized over the applicable performance periods based on the probability of achievement of the performance conditions and the closing price of the Company’s common stock at each balance sheet date. The cost of a probable cash-settled PRSU award is recorded as a liability until settled. At March 31, 2016, the Company had recognized accrued liabilities for cash-settled PRSUs of $4.8 million using a weighted-average fair value per PRSU of $30.70.
The following table summarizes cash-settled PRSU activity for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016:
 
Cash-settled Performance-based Restricted Stock Units
 
Number of Cash-settled Performance-based Restricted Stock Units
 
Weighted-Average Fair Value
 
 
 
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2015

 
$

Granted
2,486,912

 
22.92

Outstanding at March 31, 2016
2,486,912

 
$
30.70

As of March 31, 2016, the Company had approximately $71.6 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested cash-settled PRSU compensation that is anticipated to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 3.75 years.
Remaining estimated compensation expense related to outstanding cash-settled PRSUs is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
Remaining estimated compensation expense related to outstanding cash-settled PRSUs
$
14.3

 
$
19.1

 
$
19.1

 
$
19.1

The above amounts of unrecognized compensation expense are estimated based on the assumed achievement of each performance target and the market value of the Company's common stock at March 31, 2016 and will vary based on changes in the Company's common stock price and probability of achievement of performance targets in future periods.
11. Income Taxes
For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $15.7 million yielding an effective tax rate of 44.9%. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. statutory rate of 35% in the three-month period ended March 31, 2016 primarily due to an increase in valuation allowances established on state and foreign net operating losses where is it more likely than not the deferred tax assets will not be utilized, non-deductible transaction costs and the mix of income among the jurisdictions in which the Company does business with statutory tax rates that differ from the U.S. rate.
For the three months ended March 31, 2015, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $13.6 million yielding an effective tax rate of 48.1%. The effective tax rate differs from the U.S. statutory rate of 35% in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015 primarily due to the non-taxable nature of a holdback liability release related to the initial acquisition of the

21


Company's last mile logistics platform, a change in estimate of realization on prior tax positions, and the change in the mix or income among the jurisdictions in which the Company does business.
The Company had valuation allowances of approximately $71.1 million and $67.6 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, on the deferred tax assets generated for federal, state and foreign net operating losses where it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be utilized. There is no portion of these valuation allowances representing activity reported in other comprehensive income as of March 31, 2016 or December 31, 2015. In evaluating the Company’s ability to realize its deferred income tax assets, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including operating results, ongoing tax planning, and the reversal of deferred tax liabilities on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis.
In general, it is the practice and intention of the Company to reinvest the earnings of its non-U.S. subsidiaries in those operations. As of March 31, 2016, the Company has not made a provision for U.S. or additional foreign withholding taxes for financial reporting over the tax basis of investments in foreign subsidiaries that the Company considers to be indefinitely reinvested, if any exists, except on those earnings that are subject to U.S. tax without regard to whether those earnings are actually distributed. Generally, such amounts become subject to U.S. taxation upon the remittance of dividends and under certain other circumstances. It is not practicable to estimate the amount of unrecorded deferred tax liability related to investments in these foreign subsidiaries.
12. Derivative Instruments
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to certain risks arising from business operations and economic factors, including fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currencies. To manage the volatility related to exposure to fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currencies, the Company uses derivative instruments. The objective of the derivative instruments is to reduce fluctuations in earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency rates and interest rates. These financial instruments are not used for trading or other speculative purposes. The Company has not historically incurred, and does not expect to incur in the future, any losses as a result of counterparty default.
The Company formally documents all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. This process includes linking cash flow hedges to specific forecasted transactions or variability of cash flow to be paid. The Company also formally assesses, both at the hedge's inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the designated derivative instruments that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flow of hedged items. When a derivative instrument is determined not to be highly effective as a hedge or the underlying hedged transaction is no longer probable, hedge accounting is discontinued prospectively.
The following table presents the location on the consolidated balance sheets in which the Company’s derivative and nonderivative instruments have been recognized, the fair value hierarchy level applicable to each type of derivative and nonderivative instrument, and the related notional amounts and fair values as of March 31, 2016:
(Dollars in millions)
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value Hierarchy Level
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cross-currency swap agreements
Other long-term liabilities
 
Level 2
 
$
730.9

 
$
(32.6
)
Interest rate swaps
Other current liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
 
Level 2
 
216.3

 
(6.0
)
Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps
Other current liabilities
Other long-term liabilities
 
Level 2
 
68.3

 
(0.9
)
Foreign currency option contracts
Other current liabilities
 
Level 2
 
221.7

 
(1.7
)
Foreign currency forward contracts
Other current liabilities
 
Level 2
 
80.8

 
(1.6
)
Total
 
 
 
 

 
$
(42.8
)

22


The following table indicates the amount of gains/(losses) that have been recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss in the consolidated balance sheets and gains/(losses) recognized in net loss in the consolidated statements of operations for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 for derivative and nonderivative instruments:
 
Recognized in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Recognized in Net Loss
(Dollars in millions)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cross-currency swap agreements
$
(32.8
)
 
$

 
$

 
$

Interest rate swaps
1.1

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swaps

 

 
0.2

 

Foreign currency option contracts

 

 
(0.8
)
 

Foreign currency forward contracts

 

 
(1.6
)
 

Nonderivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency denominated notes
(1.7
)
 

 

 

Total
$
(33.4
)
 
$

 
$
(2.2
)
 
$

Hedge of Net Investments in Foreign Operations
In connection with the issuance of the Senior Notes due 2022, the Company entered into certain cross-currency swap agreements to manage the related foreign currency exchange risk by effectively converting a portion of the fixed-rate USD-denominated Senior Notes due 2022, including the semi-annual interest payments, to fixed-rate, EUR-denominated debt. The risk management objective is to manage foreign currency risk relating to net investments in subsidiaries denominated in foreign currencies and reduce the variability in the functional currency equivalent cash flows of a portion of the Senior Notes due 2022. During the term of the swap contracts, the Company will receive semi-annual interest payments in June and December of each year from the counterparties based on USD fixed interest rates, and the Company will make semi-annual interest payments in June and December of each year to the counterparties based on EUR fixed interest rates. At maturity, the Company will repay the original principal amount in EUR and receive the principal amount in USD. The Company has designated the cross-currency swap agreements as qualifying hedging instruments and is accounting for these as net investment hedges. The gains and losses resulting from fair value adjustments to the cross-currency swap agreements are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income to the extent that the cross-currency swaps are effective in hedging the designated risk. The Company did not record any ineffectiveness for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. Cash flows related to the cross-currency swaps are included in operating activities on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company does not expect amounts that are currently deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income to be reclassified to income over the next 12 months. The Company did not have cross-currency swap agreements in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.
In addition to the cross-currency swaps, the Company uses foreign currency denominated notes as nonderivative hedging instruments of its net investments in foreign operations. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company designated $37.6 million of its Senior Notes due 2021 included in long-term debt on the consolidated balance sheets as a net investment hedge of its investments in international subsidiaries that use the EUR as their functional currency. The gains and losses resulting from the exchange rate adjustments to the designated portion of the foreign currency denominated notes are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income to the extent that the foreign currency denominated notes are effective in hedging the designated risk. The Company did not record any ineffectiveness for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. The Company does not expect amounts that are currently deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income to be reclassified to income over the next 12 months. The Company did not have foreign currency denominated notes in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.
Interest Rate Hedging
In order to mitigate variability in forecasted interest payments on the Company’s EUR-denominated asset financings that are based on benchmark interest rates (e.g., Euribor), the Company has entered into interest rate swaps. The objective is for the cash flows of the interest rate swaps to offset any changes in cash flows of the forecasted interest payments attributable to changes in the benchmark interest rate. The interest rate swaps convert floating rate interest payments into fixed rate interest payments. The Company has designated the interest rate swaps as qualifying hedging instruments and is accounting for these as cash flow hedges of the forecasted obligations. The gains and losses resulting from fair value adjustments to the interest rate swaps are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income to the extent that the interest rate swaps are effective in

23


hedging the designated risk. The gains and losses will be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to interest expense on the dates that interest payments accrue, or when the hedged item becomes probable not to occur. The Company is hedging its exposure to the variability in future cash flows for forecasted interest payments through December 2017. At March 31, 2016, a notional amount of $68.3 million of the Company's interest rate swaps are classified as derivatives not designated as hedges. Cash flows related to the interest rate swaps are included in operating activities on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company expects an inconsequential amount that is currently deferred in accumulated other comprehensive income to be reclassified to income during the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company did not have interest rate swaps in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.
Foreign Currency Option and Forward Contracts
In order to mitigate against the risk of a reduction in the value of foreign currency earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") from the Company’s international operations with the EUR and GBP as the functional currency, the Company uses foreign currency option and forward contracts. The foreign currency contracts are not designated as qualifying hedging instruments as of March 31, 2016. The contracts are not speculative and are used to manage the Company’s exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and other identified risks. The contracts expire in 12 months or less. Gains or losses on the contracts are recorded in other expense in the consolidated statements of operations. Cash flows related to the foreign currency contracts are included in operating activities on the consolidated statements of cash flows. The risk of loss associated with the option contracts is limited to the premium amounts payable. The Company did not have foreign currency option or forward contracts in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.
13. Variable Interest Entities and Joint Ventures
The Company consolidates variable interest entities (“VIEs”) and certain joint ventures ("JVs") because it has the power to direct the activities that significantly affect the VIEs' and JVs' economic performance, including having operational control over each VIE and JV and operating the VIEs under the XPO brand. The VIEs and JVs provide logistics services for their customers. Investors in these entities only have recourse to the assets owned by the entity and not to the Company’s general credit. The Company does not have implicit support arrangements with any VIE. Assets and liabilities of consolidated VIEs and JVs is outlined in the table below.
(Dollars in millions)
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
14.6

 
$
14.3

Accounts receivable, net of allowance
60.4

 
54.7

Other current assets
4.8

 
3.8

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
3.7

 
4.8

Other long-term assets
5.3

 
3.0

Total
$
88.8

 
$
80.6

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
45.4

 
$
44.9

Accrued expenses, other
10.8

 
8.1

Other current liabilities
9.4

 
8.9

Other long-term liabilities
10.4

 
5.2

Total
$
76.0

 
$
67.1

Total revenue from the Company’s consolidated VIEs and JVs was $74.1 million in the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. Related expenses for the Company’s consolidated VIEs and JVs consisted of operating expenses of $72.0 million in the three-month period ended March 31, 2016, and tax expense of $0.5 million in the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. The Company did not have any VIEs or JVs prior to its June 2015 acquisition of ND.
14. Earnings per Share
Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share are computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the combined weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding and the potential dilution of stock options, warrants, RSUs, PRSUs, Convertible Notes and the Company’s

24


Series A Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding during the period, if dilutive. The weighted-average of potentially dilutive securities excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share is shown in the table below. 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Basic weighted average common stock outstanding
109,628,094

 
78,825,639

Potentially dilutive securities:
 
 
 
Shares underlying the conversion of preferred stock to common stock
10,412,145

 
10,476,430

Shares underlying the conversion of the convertible senior notes
3,180,806

 
5,171,353

Shares underlying warrants to purchase common stock
7,557,370

 
8,776,365

Shares underlying stock options to purchase common stock
570,684

 
633,392

Shares underlying restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units
1,607,032

 
1,025,632


23,328,037

 
26,083,172

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
132,956,131

 
104,908,811

The impact of this dilution was not reflected in the earnings per share calculations in the consolidated statements of operations because the impact was anti-dilutive. The treasury stock method was used to determine the shares underlying warrants, stock options, RSUs and PRSUs for potential dilution with an average market price of $25.21 per share and $41.90 per share for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
15. Segment Reporting
The Company determines its operating segments based on the information utilized by the chief operating decision maker, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, to allocate resources and assess performance. Based on this information, the Company has determined that it has two operating segments and two reportable segments. The Company’s operating and reportable segments are Transportation and Logistics.
These reportable segments are strategic business units through which the Company offers different services. The Company
evaluates the performance of the segments primarily based on their respective net operating margins, as well as revenues, net revenue margin and operating income. Accordingly, interest expense and other non-operating items are not reported in segment results. In addition, the Company has disclosed corporate amounts, which are not related to an operating segment and includes the costs of the Company’s executive and shared service teams, professional services such as legal and consulting, board of directors, and certain other corporate costs associated with operating as a public company. The Company allocates charges to the reportable segments for technology services and depreciation of technology fixed assets, as well as centralized recruiting and training resources. Intercompany transactions have been eliminated in the consolidated balance sheets and results of operations. Intra-segment transactions have been eliminated in the reportable segment results of operations, whereas inter-segment transactions represent a reconciling item to consolidated results as shown below.
The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. The Company evaluates performance based on various financial measures of the respective business segments. The chief operating decision maker does not review assets by segment for purposes of allocating resources and therefore assets by segment are not disclosed.

25


The following schedule identifies selected financial data for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively:
(Dollars in millions)
Transportation
 
Logistics
 
Corporate
 
Eliminations
 
Total
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
2,297.4

 
$
1,260.7

 
$

 
$
(12.4
)
 
$
3,545.7

Operating income (loss)
75.4

 
31.9

 
(44.9
)
 

 
62.4

Depreciation and amortization
114.6

 
47.1

 
0.4

 

 
162.1

Interest expense

 

 
93.1

 

 
93.1

Income tax benefit

 

 
(15.7
)
 

 
(15.7
)
Goodwill
2,629.6

 
2,157.4

 

 

 
4,787.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
562.2

 
$
140.8

 
$

 
$

 
$
703.0

Operating income (loss)
3.6

 
6.4

 
(14.8
)
 

 
(4.8
)
Depreciation and amortization
19.7

 
13.7

 
0.4

 

 
33.8

Interest expense

 

 
23.1

 

 
23.1

Income tax benefit

 

 
(13.6
)
 

 
(13.6
)
Goodwill
614.7

 
353.1

 

 

 
967.8

16. Related Party Transactions
For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company leased office space from three entities partially owned and controlled by Louis DeJoy, the former chief executive officer of the Company's North American supply chain business, who was elected as a member of the Company's Board of Directors on December 3, 2015. The non-cancellable lease agreements for these entities expire at various dates in 2019. Each lease agreement provides the Company, as tenant, with two five-year option periods to extend the lease term. The Company made rent payments associated with these lease agreements in the amounts of $0.5 million and $0.5 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. In addition, the Company paid operating expenses in connection with these leased properties of $0.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
For the three-months period ended March 31, 2016, the Company provided certain air charter schedule recovery services to Ameriflight, LLC ("Ameriflight"), a regional air cargo carrier. James J. Martell, a member of the Company's Board of Directors, owns and serves as the executive chairman of Ameriflight.  The Company provides its services to Ameriflight on a transactional basis without a written contract. The Company received payments from Ameriflight or its affiliates in an amount of approximately $0.3 million for the three-month period ended March 31, 2016. The Company did not receive payments from Ameriflight or its affiliates in the three-month period ended March 31, 2015.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other written reports and oral statements we make from time to time contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act") and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as "anticipate," "estimate," "believe," "continue," "could," "intend," "may," "plan," "potential," "predict," "should," "will," "expect," "objective," "projection," "forecast," "goal," "guidance," "outlook," "effort," "target" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. However, the absence of these words does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include those discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, the risks discussed in our other filings with the SEC and the following: economic conditions generally; competition and pricing pressures; our ability to align our investments in capital assets, including equipment, service centers and warehouses, to our customers’ demands; our ability to successfully manage our growth, including by maintaining effective internal controls; our ability to successfully integrate and realize anticipated synergies, cost savings and profit improvement opportunities with respect to acquired companies; our ability to retain our and our acquired businesses’ largest customers; our ability to develop and implement suitable information technology systems; our substantial indebtedness; our ability to raise debt and equity capital; our ability to attract and retain key employees to execute our strategy, including retention of acquired companies’ key employees; our ability to maintain positive relationships with our network of third-party transportation providers; our ability to attract and retain qualified drivers; litigation, including litigation related to alleged misclassification of independent contractors; labor matters; risks associated with our self-insured claims; risks associated with defined benefit plans for our current and former employees; fluctuations in currency exchange rates; fluctuations in fixed and floating interest rates; our ability to execute our growth strategy through acquisitions; fuel price and fuel surcharge changes; weather and other service disruptions; and governmental regulation. All forward-looking statements set forth in this Quarterly Report are qualified by these cautionary statements and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by us will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequences to or effects on us or our business or operations. Forward-looking statements set forth in this Quarterly Report speak only as of the date hereof, and we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except to the extent required by law.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. In addition, reference should be made to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and related "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" included in the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Executive Summary
XPO Logistics is a top ten global provider of supply chain solutions. As of March 31, 2016, our integrated network of over 87,000 employees and 1,440 locations operated in 33 countries, and included leading positions in many fast-growing areas of transportation and logistics, representing diverse industry sectors and geographies.
Our service capabilities, capacity and technology enable customers of all sizes to operate their supply chains more efficiently and at lower cost. Among the more than 50,000 customers we served as of March 31, 2016 are many of the world’s largest multinational companies, and these companies depend on us to manage their transportation and logistics needs.
We run our business on a global basis, with two segments: Transportation and Logistics. Within each segment, we have built robust service offerings that respond to fast-growing areas of customer demand. Substantially all of our businesses operate under the single brand of XPO Logistics.
In our Transportation segment, we hold industry-leading positions in both North America and Europe. Globally, we are the second largest freight brokerage provider. In North America, we are the largest provider of last mile logistics for heavy goods and the largest manager of expedite shipments; the second largest provider of less-than-truckload transportation; and the third largest provider of intermodal services, with business in full truckload, global forwarding and managed transportation.
Our Transportation segment uses a blended model of owned, contracted and brokered capacity that gives us the flexibility to offer solutions that best serve the interests of our customers and Company. As of March 31, 2016, globally, we had more than

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10,000 independent owner operators under contract to provide drayage, expedite, last mile and less-than-truckload services to our customers, and more than 50,000 independent brokered carriers representing approximately 1,000,000 trucks on the road.
The Company employs professional drivers who transport goods for customers using our owned and leased trucks and trailers: a global fleet of approximately 19,000 tractors and 47,000 trailers primarily related to our less-than-truckload and full truckload businesses. These assets also provide capacity for our truck brokerage operations.
In our Logistics segment, we provide a range of contract logistics services, including highly engineered and customized solutions, value-added warehousing and distribution, cold chain solutions and other inventory solutions. We perform e-commerce fulfillment, warehousing, reverse logistics, storage, factory support, aftermarket support, manufacturing, distribution and packaging and labeling, as well as optimization services, such as supply chain consulting and production flow management.
As of March 31, 2016, we operated approximately 151 million square feet (14.0 million square meters) of contract logistics facility space globally, with about 65.0 million square feet (6.1 million square meters) of that capacity in the United States, making us the second largest contract logistics provider globally.
In a little more than four years, we have taken XPO from a North American business with $177 million of revenue to a top ten global transportation and logistics company. In September 2011, following the equity investment in the Company led by Bradley S. Jacobs, we put a highly skilled management team in place and began the disciplined execution of a growth strategy to acquire and integrate attractive companies and optimize all XPO operations, with the goal of creating dramatic, long-term value for our customers and shareholders.
We offer customers a compelling range of transportation and logistics solutions:
Freight Brokerage: the second largest freight brokerage firm worldwide; the third largest provider of door-to-door intermodal rail services in North America, with one of the largest U.S. drayage networks, and a leader in cross-border Mexico intermodal;
Last Mile: the largest provider of home delivery and installation logistics for heavy goods in North America, and a leading last mile provider to the e-commerce industry;
Supply Chain: the second largest global provider of contract logistics based on square footage, with one of the largest e-fulfillment platforms in Europe;
Expedite: the largest manager of time-critical and high-value expedite shipments in North America via ground transportation, air charter and web-based managed transportation services;
Less-Than-Truckload: the second largest provider of LTL services in North America and a leading provider of LTL services in Western Europe. As of March 31, 2016, the Company’s LTL service in North America had some of the highest service levels in the industry for on-time performance, offered more next-day and two-day lanes than any other LTL carrier, and covered 99% of U.S. postal codes;
Full Truckload: a top 20 U.S. carrier and a leading cross-border Mexico ground transportation provider;
Managed Transportation: a top five global service provider based on the value of XPO’s freight under management, which was approximately $2.7 billion as of March 31, 2016; and
Global Forwarding: a growing provider of global forwarding services.
We believe that our ability to provide customers with integrated, end-to-end supply chain solutions gives us a competitive advantage. Many customers, particularly large companies, are increasingly turning to multi-modal providers to handle their supply chain requirements. We have built XPO to capitalize on this trend, as well as the trend toward outsourcing in both transportation and logistics, the boom in e-commerce, the adoption of just-in-time inventory practices, and the near-shoring in Mexico.
Our customers are served by well-trained employees who understand the importance of world-class service, and who use our leading-edge, proprietary technology to perform their jobs. We have a global team of approximately 1,500 IT professionals who understand how to drive innovation for the benefit of our customers. Our annual investment in technology is among the highest in our industry, because we see the ongoing development of our proprietary technology as being critical to our ability to continually improve customer service and leverage our scale.
Strategy for Growth
XPO Logistics is a top ten global transportation and logistics company, providing cutting-edge supply chain solutions to the most successful companies in the world. We’ve established leading positions in key areas of transportation and logistics, where there is strong secular demand. We offer our solutions through our highly integrated, multi-modal organization that operates

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under the single XPO Logistics brand. Our strategy is to optimize our global franchise, execute on opportunities to increase our profitability, and create dramatic long-term value for our customers and shareholders.
We intend to continue to grow the business in a disciplined manner, and with a compelling value proposition: integrated solutions for any company, of any size, with any combination of supply chain needs.
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Consolidated Summary Financial Table
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Percent of Revenue
 
Change
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
%
Revenue
$
3,545.7

 
$
703.0

 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
404.4
 %
Cost of transportation and services
1,945.1

 
440.8

 
54.9
 %
 
62.7
 %
 
341.3
 %
Net revenue
1,600.6

 
262.2

 
45.1
 %
 
37.3
 %
 
510.5
 %
Direct operating expense
1,106.2

 
151.2

 
31.2
 %
 
21.5
 %
 
631.6
 %
SG&A expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Salaries & benefits
232.8

 
60.9

 
6.6
 %
 
8.7
 %
 
282.3
 %
Other SG&A expense
58.9

 
18.6

 
1.7
 %
 
2.6
 %
 
216.7
 %
Purchased services
80.0

 
10.8

 
2.3
 %
 
1.5
 %
 
640.7
 %
Depreciation & amortization
60.3

 
25.5