Attached files

file filename
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - ACHIEVE LIFE SCIENCES, INC.ogxi-ex321_6.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - ACHIEVE LIFE SCIENCES, INC.ogxi-ex311_7.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - ACHIEVE LIFE SCIENCES, INC.ogxi-ex312_8.htm
EX-32.2 - EX-32.2 - ACHIEVE LIFE SCIENCES, INC.ogxi-ex322_9.htm
EX-10.2 - EX-10.2 - ACHIEVE LIFE SCIENCES, INC.ogxi-ex102_685.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2015

or

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ______________ TO ____________.

Commission file number 033-80623

OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

95-4343413

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Incorporation or Organization)

 

Identification Number)

19820 North Creek Parkway, Bothell, Washington 98011

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(425) 686-1500

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x   No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes  x   No  o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of “large accelerated filer,”  “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

o

 

Accelerated filer

o

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company  

x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).   Yes  o   No  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class

 

Outstanding at August 13, 2015

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

29,791,776

 

 


OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Index to Form 10-Q

 

 

Page
Number

 

 

Part I.   Financial Information

3

 

 

 

Item 1

Financial Statements (unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2015 (unaudited) and December 31, 2014

3

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Loss and Comprehensive Loss (unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014

4

 

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2015 and June 30, 2014

5

 

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

6

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

26

 

 

Part II.   Other Information

27

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

27

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

42

 

 

Items 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are not applicable and therefore have been omitted.

 

 

 

Signatures

43

 

 

Exhibit Index

44

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Consolidated Financial Statements

OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except per share and share amounts) 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents [note 4]

 

$

48,001

 

 

$

27,897

 

Restricted cash [note 4]

 

 

 

 

 

251

 

Short-term investments [note 4]

 

 

12,185

 

 

 

19,160

 

Interest receivable

 

 

76

 

 

 

113

 

Amounts receivable

 

 

149

 

 

 

5,676

 

Prepaid expenses

 

 

2,032

 

 

 

2,165

 

Other current assets

 

$

304

 

 

 

499

 

Total current assets

 

 

62,747

 

 

 

55,761

 

Restricted cash [note 4]

 

 

190

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

406

 

 

 

257

 

Other assets

 

 

13

 

 

 

273

 

Total assets

 

$

63,356

 

 

$

56,291

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

302

 

 

$

72

 

Accrued liabilities other

 

 

954

 

 

 

863

 

Accrued clinical liabilities

 

 

10,478

 

 

 

13,462

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

1,252

 

 

 

1,333

 

Current portion of long-term obligations [note 6 and 7]

 

 

54

 

 

 

236

 

Lease termination liability [note 6 and note 7]

 

 

1,250

 

 

 

3,250

 

Deferred collaboration revenue [note 3]

 

 

17,778

 

 

 

 

Warrant liability [note 4 and note 5]

 

 

2,967

 

 

 

3,002

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

35,035

 

 

 

22,218

 

Long-term obligations, less current portion [note 7]

 

 

130

 

 

 

14

 

Total liabilities

 

 

35,165

 

 

 

22,232

 

Commitments and contingencies [note 7]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 75,000,000 shares authorized, 24,467,727 and

   22,630,652 issued at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively, and

   24,433,734 and 22,621,426 outstanding at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014,

   respectively

 

 

24

 

 

 

22

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

196,067

 

 

 

191,373

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(170,537

)

 

 

(159,958

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

2,637

 

 

 

2,622

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

28,191

 

 

 

34,059

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

63,356

 

 

$

56,291

 

Subsequent events [note 8]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

 

3


OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Loss and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share and share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

COLLABORATION REVENUE (note 3)

 

 

4,025

 

 

$

4,929

 

 

$

5,399

 

 

$

16,660

 

EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

6,545

 

 

 

9,883

 

 

 

10,217

 

 

 

26,786

 

General and administrative

 

$

3,067

 

 

 

2,676

 

 

 

5,765

 

 

 

5,433

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

9,612

 

 

 

12,559

 

 

 

15,982

 

 

 

32,219

 

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

$

13

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

67

 

 

 

16

 

Other

 

$

(7

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(46

)

 

 

(2

)

Gain (loss) on warrants

 

$

(429

)

 

 

615

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

(106

)

Total other income (expense)

 

 

(423

)

 

 

615

 

 

 

56

 

 

 

(92

)

Net loss

 

$

(6,010

)

 

$

(7,015

)

 

$

(10,527

)

 

$

(15,651

)

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net unrealized gain (loss) on securities

 

$

2

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

15

 

 

 

(2

)

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

2

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

15

 

 

 

(2

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(6,008

)

 

$

(7,016

)

 

$

(10,512

)

 

$

(15,653

)

Basic and diluted net loss per common share [note 5]

 

$

(0.26

)

 

$

(0.47

)

 

$

(0.46

)

 

$

(1.05

)

Shares used in computation of basic and diluted net loss per

   common share [note 5]

 

 

23,484,944

 

 

 

14,987,706

 

 

 

23,072,773

 

 

 

14,855,338

 

See accompanying notes

 

 

4


OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(10,527

)

 

$

(15,651

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Gain) loss on warrants

 

 

(35

)

 

 

106

 

Depreciation

 

 

116

 

 

 

110

 

Stock-based compensation [note 5 [c] and note 5 [d]]

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

2,016

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest receivable

 

 

37

 

 

 

218

 

Amounts receivable

 

 

5,527

 

 

 

3,706

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

842

 

 

 

3,319

 

Accounts payable

 

 

230

 

 

 

1,202

 

Accrued liabilities other

 

 

(1,909

)

 

 

1,465

 

Accrued clinical liabilities

 

 

(2,984

)

 

 

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

(81

)

 

 

(724

)

Restricted cash

 

 

61

 

 

 

63

 

Excess lease liability [note 6]

 

 

(194

)

 

 

(383

)

Lease obligation

 

 

127

 

 

 

(51

)

Deferred collaboration revenue [Note 3]

 

 

17,778

 

 

 

 

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

 

10,216

 

 

 

(4,604

)

Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

Proceeds received in advance related to the July 2014 registered offering

 

 

 

 

 

3,174

 

Proceeds from issuance of common shares, net of issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

2,860

 

Proceeds from purchase agreement with Lincoln Park Capital, net of issuance costs

   [note 5 [b]]

 

 

3,213

 

 

 

 

Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards

 

 

(52

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

3,161

 

 

 

6,064

 

Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of investments

 

 

(2,025

)

 

 

(215

)

Proceeds from sale of investments

 

 

1,003

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities of investments

 

 

8,012

 

 

 

24,845

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

 

(265

)

 

 

(67

)

Net cash provided by investing activities

 

 

6,725

 

 

 

24,563

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 

 

2

 

 

 

(2

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

20,104

 

 

 

26,021

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

27,897

 

 

 

14,593

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

48,001

 

 

$

40,614

 

Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non cash financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issued common stock in consideration for the purchase agreement with Lincoln

   Park Capital [note 5]

 

$

254

 

 

$

 

 

See accompanying notes.

 

5


OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

 

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (referred to as “OncoGenex,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) is a biopharmaceutical company committed to the development and commercialization of new therapies that address treatment resistance in cancer patients. We were incorporated in the state of Delaware, are headquartered in Bothell, Washington and have a subsidiary in Vancouver, British Columbia. 

The unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required to be presented for complete financial statements. The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring items) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods presented. The accompanying consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2014 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year then ended. The unaudited consolidated financial statements and related disclosures have been prepared with the assumption that users of the interim financial information have read or have access to the audited consolidated financial statements for the preceding fiscal year. Accordingly, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on March 26, 2015.

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of OncoGenex and our wholly owned subsidiary, OncoGenex Technologies Inc., or OncoGenex Technologies. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

 

2. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Pending Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Updated, or ASU No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements-Going Concern (Subtopic 2015-40), or ASU 2014-15. ASU 2014-15 provides guidance to U.S. GAAP about management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is a substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and to provide related footnote disclosures. This new rule requires management to assess an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern by incorporating and expanding upon certain principles currently in the U.S. auditing standards. Specifically, ASU 2014-15 (1) defines the term substantial doubt, (2) requires an evaluation of every reporting period including interim periods, (3) provides principles for considering the mitigating effect of management’s plans, (5) requires an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated, and (6) requires an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). This guidance is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption of ASU No. 2014-15 and do not expect any significant impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which guidance in this update will supersede the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance when it becomes effective. ASU No. 2014-09 affects any entity that enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of nonfinancial assets unless those contracts are within the scope of other standards. The core principal of ASU No. 2014-09 is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, companies will need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under current guidance. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. ASU No. 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, which will be our fiscal year 2018 (or December 31, 2018), and entities can transition to the standard either retrospectively or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. Early adoption is prohibited. We are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption of ASU No. 2014-09 on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Recently Adopted Accounting Policies

In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU No. 2013-11, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force), or ASU 2013-11, which provides clarification on the financial statement presentation of unrecognized tax benefits.

6


ASU 2013-11 specifies that an unrecognized tax benefit (or a portion thereof) shall be presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. If such deferred tax asset is not available at the reporting date to settle additional income taxes resulting from the disallowance of a tax position, or the entity does not plan to use the deferred tax asset for such purpose given the option, the unrecognized tax benefit shall be presented in the financial statements as a liability and shall not be combined with deferred tax assets. The amendments in ASU 2013-11 are effective for fiscal years (and interim periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2013, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on our financial position or results of operations.

In February 2013, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Updates, or ASU, No. 2013-02, “Other Comprehensive Income.” This ASU requires an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP, to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. The adoption of this standard did not have a significant impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

 

3. COLLABORATION AGREEMENT

In December 2009, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, OncoGenex Technologies, entered into a collaboration agreement, or Collaboration Agreement, with Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., or Teva, for the development and global commercialization of custirsen (and related compounds), a pharmaceutical compound designed to inhibit the production of clusterin, a protein we believe is associated with cancer treatment resistance, or the Licensed Product. In December 2014, we and Teva agreed to terminate the Collaboration Agreement upon entry into a termination agreement. In April 2015, OncoGenex Technologies and Teva entered into an agreement, pursuant to which the Collaboration Agreement was terminated and we regained rights to custirsen, or the Termination Agreement.

Pursuant to the Termination Agreement, Teva paid to us, as advanced reimbursement for certain continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, an amount equal to $27.0 million less approximately $3.8 million, which reduction represented a hold-back amount of $3.0 million and $0.8 million for certain third-party expenses incurred by Teva between January 1, 2015 and April 24, 2015, or Closing Date. Teva shall deduct from the $3.0 million hold-back certain costs incurred after January 1, 2015 that may arise after the Closing Date. Teva will pay us (i) one-half of the then remaining hold-back amount six months after the Closing Date, (ii) one-half of the then remaining hold-back amount nine months after the Closing Date and (iii) the entire then remaining hold-back amount 12 months after the Closing Date. Teva will be responsible for expenses related to custirsen incurred pursuant to the Collaboration Agreement through December 31, 2014.

In accordance with the Termination Agreement, Teva transferred certain third-party agreements for the ENSPIRIT study and custirsen development activities to us on the Closing Date. If any additional historical third-party agreements are discovered after the Closing Date and are used to conduct the ENSPIRIT study, then Teva will use commercially reasonable effort to assign such agreements to us and will be responsible for any costs invoiced under such agreements in excess of an aggregate of $0.1 million. We will be responsible for the initial $0.1 million of costs under such agreements.

All licenses granted by us to Teva under the Collaboration Agreement were terminated as of the Closing Date. In addition, Teva assigned to us certain patent applications related to custirsen and abandoned certain other patent applications as requested by us. Furthermore, Teva granted to us and our affiliates an exclusive license (except as to Teva and its affiliates) to any know-how created under and during the term of the Collaboration Agreement to develop, manufacture and commercialize custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, as set forth in more detail in the Termination Agreement. Teva additionally granted to us and our affiliates a non-exclusive license to any intellectual property owned by or licensed to Teva and its affiliates, whether as of the Closing Date or thereafter, to develop, manufacture and commercialize custirsen, subject to certain limitations. Teva also agreed not to challenge the patentability, validity or enforceability of certain of our patents, and agreed not to file any patent applications covering custirsen or any antisense inhibitor of clusterin for 18 months after the Closing Date. We will be responsible for any such expenses incurred from and after January 1, 2015. We do not owe Teva any development milestone payments or royalty payments on sales of custirsen, if any.

As part of the termination, Teva assigned to us the investigational new drug application for custirsen and submitted amendments, on a country-by-country basis, transferring sponsorship of the ENSPIRIT study to us. In July 2015, we became the sole trial sponsor for the ENSPIRIT study in all countries.

We and Teva released each other from all claims related to the Collaboration Agreement. In addition, we agreed to indemnify Teva and its affiliates against any third-party claims attributable to the development and commercialization of custirsen prior to the

7


execution of the Collaboration Agreement and after the Closing Date, and any third-party claims attributable to the conduct of the AFFINITY study. Teva agreed to indemnify us and our affiliates against any third-party claims attributable to the development of custirsen during the period between the execution of the Collaboration Agreement and the Closing Date, but excluding the AFFINITY study. The parties’ indemnity obligations cover, among other things, third-party claims brought by current or former patients in the relevant studies and patient product liability claims.

Revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 was $4.0 and $5.4 million, respectively, which consists of partial recognition of deferred collaboration revenue representing our efforts in the development of custirsen. As of June 30, 2015, a remaining balance of $17.8 million of the advanced reimbursement payment was recorded in deferred collaboration revenue. The advanced reimbursement payment made by Teva, as part of the Termination Agreement, was deferred and will be recognized as collaboration revenue on a dollar for dollar basis as costs are incurred as part the of continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin.

 

Isis and UBC License Agreements

Pursuant to the terms of the agreements with Isis and UBC, we anticipate we will pay royalties to third-parties of 4.00% to 8.00% of net sales, unless our royalties are adjusted for competition from generic compounds, in which case royalties to third parties will also be subject to adjustment on a country-by-country basis. Certain third-party royalties are tiered based on the royalty rate received by us. Minimum royalty rates payable by us assume certain third-party royalties are not paid at the time that the Licensed Product is marketed due to the expiration of patents held by such third parties. Maximum royalty rates assume all third-party royalty rates currently in effect continue in effect at the time the Licensed Product is marketed. We did not make any royalty payments to Isis in 2014. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the agreement with Isis, we are required to pay to Isis up to 30% of all non-royalty revenue (defined to mean revenue not based on net sales of products) we receive from third parties. In May 2015, we received a series of communications from Isis requesting payment of 30% of the $23.2 million paid by Teva under the Termination Agreement, as well as 30% of any amounts paid by Teva upon release of the $3.0 million holdback amount. Under the Isis license agreement, no payment is due to Isis on any consideration that we receive for the reimbursement for research and development activities. Since the amounts paid or payable by Teva under the Termination Agreement constitute an advanced reimbursement for certain continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, we do not believe that any payments are due to Isis.

Amendment to Isis and UBC License Agreements

To facilitate the execution and performance of the our prior Collaboration Agreement with Teva, we and Isis agreed to amend the Isis License Agreement and we and UBC agreed to amend the UBC License Agreement, in each case, effective December 19 and December 20, 2009, respectively.

 

The amendment to the Isis License Agreement provides, among other things, that if we are the subject of a change of control with a third party, where the surviving company immediately following such change of control has the right to develop and sell the product, then (i) a milestone payment of $20.0 million will be due and payable to Isis 21 days following the first commercial sale of the product in the United States; and (ii) unless such surviving entity had previously sublicensed the product and a royalty rate payable to Isis by us has been established, the applicable royalty rate payable to Isis will thereafter be the maximum amount payable under the Isis License Agreement. Any non-royalty milestone amounts previously paid will be credited toward the $20.0 million milestone if not already paid. As a result of the $10.0 million milestone payment payable to Isis in relation to the Collaboration Agreement entered into with Teva in 2009, the remaining amount owing in the event of change of control discussed above is a maximum of $10.0 million.

 

 

4. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in the balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their fair value. For certain of our financial instruments including amounts receivable and accounts payable the carrying values approximate fair value due to their short-term nature.

ASC 820 “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based on whether the inputs to those valuation techniques are observable or unobservable. In accordance with ASC 820, these inputs are summarized in the three broad levels listed below:

·

Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical securities.

·

Level 2 – Other significant inputs that are observable through corroboration with market data (including quoted prices in active markets for similar securities).

·

Level 3 – Significant unobservable inputs that reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

8


As quoted prices in active markets are not readily available for certain financial instruments, we obtain estimates for the fair value of financial instruments through third-party pricing service providers.

In determining the appropriate levels, we performed a detailed analysis of the assets and liabilities that are subject to ASC 820.

We invest our excess cash in accordance with investment guidelines that limit the credit exposure to any one financial institution other than securities issued by the U.S. Government. These securities are not collateralized and mature within one year.

A description of the valuation techniques applied to our financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis follows.

Financial Instruments

Cash

Significant amounts of cash are held on deposit with large well-established U.S. and Canadian financial institutions.

U.S. Government and Agency Securities

U.S. Government Securities U.S. government securities are valued using quoted market prices. Valuation adjustments are not applied. Accordingly, U.S. government securities are categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

U.S. Agency Securities U.S. agency securities are comprised of two main categories consisting of callable and non-callable agency issued debt securities. Non-callable agency issued debt securities are generally valued using quoted market prices. Callable agency issued debt securities are valued by benchmarking model-derived prices to quoted market prices and trade data for identical or comparable securities. Actively traded non-callable agency issued debt securities are categorized in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. Callable agency issued debt securities are categorized in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Corporate and Other Debt

Corporate Bonds and Commercial Paper The fair value of corporate bonds and commercial paper is estimated using recently executed transactions, market price quotations (where observable), bond spreads or credit default swap spreads adjusted for any basis difference between cash and derivative instruments. The spread data used are for the same maturity as the bond. If the spread data does not reference the issuer, then data that reference a comparable issuer are used. When observable price quotations are not available, fair value is determined based on cash flow models with yield curves, bond or single name credit default swap spreads and recovery rates based on collateral values as significant inputs. Corporate bonds and commercial paper are generally categorized in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy; in instances where prices, spreads or any of the other aforementioned key inputs are unobservable, they are categorized in Level 3 of the hierarchy.

Warrants

As of June 30, 2015, we recorded a $3.0 million warrant liability. We reassess the fair value of the common stock warrants classified as liabilities at each reporting date utilizing a Black-Scholes pricing model. Inputs used in the pricing model include estimates of stock price volatility, expected warrant life and risk-free interest rate. The computation of expected volatility was based on the historical volatility of shares of our common stock for a period that coincides with the expected life of the warrants that are classified as liabilities. Warrants that are classified as liabilities are categorized in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. A small change in the estimates used may have a relatively large change in the estimated valuation. Warrants that are classified as equity are not considered liabilities and therefor are not reassessed for their fair values at each reporting date.

The following table presents information about our assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques we utilized to determine such fair value (in thousands):

 

June 30, 2015

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

11,036

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

11,036

 

Money market securities

 

 

36,965

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36,965

 

Restricted cash (Note 7)

 

 

190

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

190

 

Corporate bonds and commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

12,185

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,185

 

Total assets

 

$

48,191

 

 

$

12,185

 

 

$

 

 

$

60,376

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warrants

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

2,967

 

 

$

2,967

 

 

9


The following table presents the changes in fair value of our total Level 3 financial liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2015.  During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we did not issue any common stock warrants that were classified as liabilities (in thousands):

 

 

 

Liability at

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Liability at

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

Issuance of

 

 

Gain on

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

 

Warrants

 

 

warrants

 

 

2015

 

Warrant liability

 

$

3,002

 

 

$

 

 

$

(35

)

 

$

2,967

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Unrealized

 

 

Estimated

 

June 30, 2015

 

Cost

 

 

Gains

 

 

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Cash

 

$

11,036

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

11,036

 

Money market securities

 

 

36,965

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36,965

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

$

48,001

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

48,001

 

Money market securities (restricted cash)

 

 

190

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

190

 

Total restricted cash

 

$

190

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

190

 

Corporate bonds and commercial paper

 

 

12,189

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

12,185

 

Total short-term investments

 

$

12,189

 

 

$

 

 

$

(4

)

 

$

12,185

 

 

Our gross realized gains and losses on sales of available-for-sale securities were not material for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014.

All securities included in cash and cash equivalents had maturities of 90 days or less at the time of purchase. All securities included in short-term investments have maturities of within one year of the balance sheet date.  The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method.

We only invest in A (or equivalent) rated securities. We do not believe that there are any other than temporary impairments related to our investment in marketable securities at June 30, 2015, given the quality of the investment portfolio and subsequent proceeds collected on sale of securities that reached maturity.

 

 

5. COMMON STOCK

[a]

Authorized

75,000,000 authorized common shares, par value of $0.001, and 5,000,000 preferred shares, par value of $0.001. 

At our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on May 21, 2015, our stockholders approved an increase in the total authorized shares of common stock available for issuance from 50,000,000 to 75,000,000.

[b]

Issued and outstanding shares

Purchase Agreement and Financing with Lincoln Park Capital

On April 30, 2015, we and Lincoln Park Capital Fund, LLC, or LPC, entered into a share and unit purchase agreement, or Purchase Agreement, pursuant to which we have the right to sell to LPC up to $18.0 million in shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Purchase Agreement.  

Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, LPC initially purchased 956,938 Series A-1 Units at a purchase price of $2.09 per unit, with each Series A-1 Unit consisting of (a) one share of Common Stock and (b) one warrant to purchase one-quarter of a share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $2.40 per share, or Series A-1 Warrant.  Each Series A-1 Warrant is exercisable six months following the issuance date until the date that is five years and six months after the issuance date and is subject to customary adjustments.  The Series A-1 Warrants were issued only as part of the Series A-1 Units in the initial purchase of $2.0 million and no warrants shall be issued in connection with any other purchases of common stock under the Purchase Agreement.

 

After the initial purchase, as often as every business day over the 24-month term of the Purchase Agreement, and up to an aggregate amount of an additional $16.0 million (subject to certain limitations) of shares of common stock, we have the right, from time to time, in our sole discretion and subject to certain conditions to direct LPC to purchase up to 125,000 shares of common stock with such amounts increasing as the closing sale price of our common stock as reported on The NASDAQ Capital Market increases. The purchase price of shares of common stock pursuant to the Purchase Agreement will be based on prevailing market prices of common

10


stock at the time of sales without any fixed discount, and we will control the timing and amount of any sales of common stock to LPC. In addition, we may direct LPC to purchase additional amounts as accelerated purchases if on the date of a regular purchase the closing sale price of the common stock is not below $1.50 per share. As consideration for entering into the Purchase Agreement, we issued to LPC 126,582 shares of common stock; no cash proceeds were received from the issuance of these shares

 

From April 30, 2015 through June 30, 2015, we offered and sold 500,000 shares of our common stock pursuant to our Purchase Agreement with LPC. These sales resulted in gross proceeds to us of approximately $1.3 million and offering expenses of $0.1 million. As of June 30, 2015 shares of our common stock having an aggregate value of approximately $14.7 million remained available for sale under this offering program.

From July 1, 2015 through August 13, 2015, we offered and sold 5,358,042 shares of our common stock pursuant to our Purchase Agreement with LPC. These sales resulted in gross proceeds to us of approximately $14.7 million and offering expenses of $0.3 million. As of August 13, 2015, no further amounts remained available for sale under this offering program.

 

 

Equity Award Issuances and Settlements

During the six month period ended June 30, 2015, we issued no common shares to satisfy stock option exercises and 253,538 common shares to satisfy restricted stock unit settlements, respectively, compared with the issuance of 10,000 and 49,348 common shares to satisfy stock option exercises and restricted stock unit settlements, respectively, during the six month period ended June 30, 2014.

[c]

Stock options

2010 Performance Incentive Plan

At our 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on May 21, 2015, our stockholders approved an amendment to our 2010 Performance Incentive Plan. As a result of this amendment, the 2010 Plan was amended to provide for an increase in the total shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2010 Plan from 2,800,000 to 4,300,000. At our 2014 Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on May 29, 2014, our stockholders approved an amendment to our 2010 Performance Incentive Plan. As a result of this amendment, the 2010 Plan was amended to provide for an increase in the total shares of common stock available for issuance under the 2010 Plan from 2,050,000 to 2,800,000

As of June 30, 2015, we had reserved, pursuant to various plans, 4,153,139 common shares for issuance upon exercise of stock options and settlement of restricted stock units by employees, directors, officers and consultants of ours, of which 1,722,846 were reserved for options currently outstanding, 633,997 were reserved for restricted stock units currently outstanding and 1,796,296 were available for future equity grants.

Stock Option Summary

Options vest in accordance with terms as determined by our Board of Directors, or the Board, which terms are typically four years for employee and consultant grants and one to three years for Board option grants. The expiry date for each option is set by the Board, which is typically seven to ten years. The exercise price of the options is determined by the Board, but will be at least equal to the fair value of the share at the grant date.

Stock option transactions and the number of stock options outstanding are summarized below:

 

 

 

Number of

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Optioned

 

 

Average

 

 

 

Common

 

 

Exercise

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Price

 

Balance,  December 31, 2014

 

 

1,283,419

 

 

$

10.55

 

Granted

 

 

456,797

 

 

 

1.87

 

Expired

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

 

(17,370

)

 

 

12.59

 

Balance,  June 30, 2015

 

 

1,722,846

 

 

$

8.23

 

 

11


The fair value of each stock award for employees and directors is estimated on the grant date and for consultants at each reporting period, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the weighted-average assumptions noted in the following table:

 

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

 

1.76

%

 

 

1.81

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

Expected life

 

5.8 years

 

 

5.9 years

 

Expected volatility

 

 

62

%

 

 

81

%

 

The expected life was calculated based on the simplified method as permitted by the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin 110, Share-Based Payment. We consider the use of the simplified method appropriate because we believe our historical stock option exercise activity may not be indicative of future stock option exercise activity based upon both the AFFINITY and Rainier clinical data results we expect to receive by the end of 2015, the structural changes to our business that may result and the potential impact of that data on our business operations and future stock option exercise activity. The expected volatility of options granted was calculated based on the historical volatility of the shares of our common stock. The risk-free interest rate is based on a U.S. Treasury instrument whose term is consistent with the expected life of the stock options. In addition to the assumptions above, as required under ASC 718, management made an estimate of expected forfeitures and is recognizing compensation costs only for those equity awards expected to vest. Forfeiture rates are estimated using historical actual forfeiture rates. These rates are adjusted on a quarterly basis and any change in compensation expense is recognized in the period of the change. We have never paid or declared cash dividends on our common stock and do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

The results for the periods set forth below included share-based compensation expense for stock options and restricted stock units in the following expense categories of the consolidated statements of loss (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Research and development

 

$

317

 

 

$

495

 

 

$

569

 

 

$

942

 

General and administrative

 

$

395

 

 

 

521

 

 

 

659

 

 

 

1,074

 

Total stock-based compensation

 

$

712

 

 

$

1,016

 

 

$

1,228

 

 

$

2,016

 

 

As of June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options granted was $2.4 million and $2.7 million respectively, which is expected to be recognized as expense over a period of approximately 2.4 years from June 30, 2015.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, a total of 7.6 million shares, consisting of  5.3 million warrants, 1.7 million options and 0.6 million restricted stock units, have not been included in the loss per share computation, as their effect on diluted per share amounts would have been anti-dilutive. For the same periods in 2014, a total of 3.7 million shares underlying options, restricted stock units and warrants have not been included in the loss per share computation.

[d]

Restricted Stock Unit Awards

We grant restricted stock unit awards that generally vest and are expensed over a four year period. We also grant restricted stock unit awards that vest in conjunction with certain performance conditions to certain executive officers, key employees and consultants. At each reporting date, we are required to evaluate whether achievement of the performance conditions is probable. Compensation expense is recorded over the appropriate service period based upon our assessment of accomplishing each performance condition. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, $0.4 million and $0.6 million of compensation expense was recognized related to these awards, compared to $0.6 million and $1.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014.

12


The following table summarizes our restricted stock unit award activity during the six months ended June 30, 2015:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Number

 

 

Average

 

 

 

of

 

 

Grant Date

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Fair Value

 

Balance,  December 31, 2014

 

 

680,201

 

 

$

7.34

 

Granted

 

 

227,150

 

 

 

1.74

 

Settled

 

 

(253,538

)

 

 

8.32

 

Forfeited or expired

 

 

(19,816

)

 

 

7.27

 

Balance,  June 30, 2015

 

 

633,997

 

 

$

4.95

 

 

As of June 30, 2015, we had approximately $2.6 million in total unrecognized compensation expense related to our restricted stock unit awards that is to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.6 years.

[e]

Non-employee options and restricted stock units

We recognize non-employee stock-based compensation expense over the period of expected service by the non-employee. As the service is performed, we are required to update our valuation assumptions, re-measure unvested options and restricted stock units and record the stock-based compensation using the valuation as of the vesting date. This differs from the accounting for employee awards where the fair value is determined at the grant date and is not subsequently adjusted. This re-measurement may result in higher or lower stock-based compensation expense in the Consolidated Statements of Loss and Comprehensive Loss. As such, changes in the market price of our stock could materially change the value of an option or restricted stock unit and the resulting stock-based compensation expense.

[f]

Common Stock Warrants

The following is a summary of outstanding warrants to purchase common stock at June 30, 2015:

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

Exercise

 

 

 

 

 

and

 

 

price per

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable

 

 

Share

 

 

Expiration Date

(1) Warrants issued in October 2010 financing

 

 

1,587,301

 

 

$

20.00

 

 

October 2015

(2) Series A Warrants issued in July 2014 financing

 

 

2,779,932

 

 

 

4.00

 

 

July 2019

(3) Series B Warrants issued in July 2014 financing

 

 

670,269

 

 

 

4.00

 

 

July 2019

(4) Series A-1 Warrants issued in April 2015 financing

 

 

239,234

 

 

 

2.40

 

 

October 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No warrants were exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014.  The Series A-1 Warrants issued in the April 2015 financing are classified as equity. The warrants issued in the October 2010 financing and the Series A and Series B warrants issued in the July 2014 financing are classified as liabilities. The estimated fair value of warrants issued and classified as liabilities is reassessed at each reporting date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

 

 

As of

 

 

 

June 30,

 

October 2010 Warrant Valuation Assumptions

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

 

0.28

%

 

 

0.22

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0

%

 

 

0

%

Expected life

 

0.31 years

 

 

1.3 years

 

Expected volatility

 

 

61.36

%

 

 

93

%

 

 

 

As of

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Series A and Series B Warrant Valuation Assumptions

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

Risk-free interest rates

 

 

1.32

%

 

 

 

Expected dividend yield

 

 

0

%

 

 

 

Expected life

 

4.01 years

 

 

 

 

Expected volatility

 

 

66.18

%

 

 

 

 

 

13


6. EXCESS LEASE LIABILITY

On August 21, 2008, Sonus Pharmaceuticals, Inc., or Sonus, completed a transaction, or Arrangement, with OncoGenex Technologies, whereby Sonus acquired all of the outstanding preferred shares, common shares and convertible debentures of OncoGenex Technologies. Sonus then changed its name to OncoGenex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Prior to the Arrangement, Sonus entered into a non-cancellable lease arrangement for office space located in Bothell, Washington, which was considered to be in excess of our current requirements. The liability was computed as the present value of the difference between the remaining lease payments due less the estimate of net sublease income and expenses and had been accounted for in accordance with ASC 805-20, “Business Combinations -Identifiable Assets and Liabilities, and Any Noncontrolling Interest.” In February 2015, we entered into a Lease Termination Agreement with the landlord for the office space in Bothell such that the lease terminated effective March 1, 2015. Under the Lease Termination Agreement, we paid BMR-217TH Place LLC, or BMR, a $2.0 million termination fee. We may also pay BMR an additional termination fee of $1.3 million if we (i) meet the primary endpoint for our phase 3 clinical trial for the treatment of second line metastatic CRPC with custirsen and if we (ii) close a transaction or transactions pursuant to which we receive funding in an aggregate amount of at least $20.0 million. As a result of the Lease Termination Agreement, we have recorded the lease termination fees and have made an adjustment to the lease liability to reflect the change in estimated liability.

The following represents our best estimate of the liability.

 

 

 

Liability at

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Reduction

 

 

Liability at

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

of excess

 

 

of

 

 

June 30,

 

(In thousands)

 

2014

 

 

lease facility

 

 

Liability

 

 

2015

 

Current portion of excess lease facility

 

$

194

 

 

$

(194

)

 

$

 

 

$

 

Long-term portion of excess lease facility

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

194

 

 

$

(194

)

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

 

7. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

In December 2009, we, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, OncoGenex Technologies, entered into a Collaboration Agreement with Teva for the development and global commercialization of custirsen (and related compounds). In December 2014, we and Teva agreed to terminate the Collaboration Agreement upon entry into a Termination Agreement. In April 2015, OncoGenex Technologies and Teva entered into the Termination Agreement, pursuant to which the Collaboration Agreement was terminated and we regained rights to custirsen. Pursuant to the Termination Agreement, Teva paid to us, as advanced reimbursement for certain continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, an amount equal to $27.0 million less approximately $3.8 million, which reduction represented a hold-back amount of $3.0 million and $0.8 million for certain third-party expenses incurred by Teva between January 1, 2015 and the Closing Date.

All licenses granted by us to Teva under the Collaboration Agreement were terminated as of the Closing Date.

In accordance with the Termination Agreement, Teva transferred certain third-party agreements for the ENSPIRIT study and custirsen development activities to us on the Closing Date. If any additional historical third-party agreements are discovered after the Closing Date and are used to conduct the ENSPIRIT study, then Teva will use commercially reasonable effort to assign such agreements to us and will be responsible for any costs invoiced under such agreements in excess of an aggregate of $0.1 million. We will be responsible for the initial $0.1 million of costs under such agreements.

Prior to the termination of the Collaboration Agreement, Teva made upfront payments in the aggregate amount of $50.0 million. Teva also acquired $10.0 million of our common stock at a premium under a separate Stock Purchase Agreement. We were required to contribute $30.0 million in direct and indirect costs towards the clinical development plan. We fulfilled our obligation to contribute $30.0 million towards the development of custirsen. Teva was required to and did fund all additional expenses under the clinical development plan through December 31, 2014, after which date we took over responsibility for future costs following termination of our Collaboration Agreement. We do not owe, to Teva, any development milestone payments or royalty payments on sales of custirsen, if any.

Isis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and University of British Columbia

We are obligated to pay milestone payments of up to CAD $1.6 million and $7.75 million pursuant to license agreements with UBC and Isis, respectively, upon the achievement of specified product development milestones related to apatorsen and OGX-225 and low to mid-single digit royalties on future product sales.

In addition, we are required to pay to Isis up to 30% of all non-royalty revenue (defined to mean revenue not based on net sales of products) we receive from third parties. In May 2015, we received a series of communications from Isis requesting payment of 30% of

14


the $23.2 million paid by Teva under the Termination Agreement, as well as 30% of any amounts paid by Teva upon release of the $3.0 million holdback amount. Under the Isis license agreement, no payment is due to Isis on any consideration that we receive for the reimbursement for research and development activities. Since the amounts paid or payable by Teva under the Termination Agreement constitute an advanced reimbursement for certain continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, we do not believe that any payments are due to Isis. We are also obligated to pay to UBC certain patent costs and annual license maintenance fees for the extent of the patent life of CAD $8,000 per year. We paid Isis and UBC USD $0.8 million and CAD $0.1 million, respectively, in 2010 upon the initiation of a phase 2 clinical trial of apatorsen in patients with CRPC. We did not make any royalty payments to Isis under the terms of the agreement in 2014 and do not anticipate making any royalty payments to Isis under the terms of the agreement in 2015. The UBC agreements have effective dates ranging from November 1, 2001 to April 5, 2005 and each agreement expires upon the later of 20 years from its effective date or the expiry of the last patent licensed thereunder, unless otherwise terminated.

Unless otherwise terminated, the Isis agreements for custirsen and apatorsen will continue for each product until the later of 10 years after the date of the first commercial product sale, or the expiration of the last to expire of any patents required to be licensed in order to use or sell the product, unless OncoGenex Technologies abandons either custirsen or apatorsen and Isis does not elect to unilaterally continue development. The Isis agreement for OGX-225 will continue into perpetuity unless OncoGenex Technologies abandons the product and Isis does not elect to unilaterally continue development.

To facilitate the execution and performance of our prior Collaboration Agreement with Teva, we amended the license agreement with Isis and UBC, as it pertains to custirsen, in December 2009.

The amendment to the license agreement with Isis provides, among other things, that if we are subject to change of control with a third party, where the surviving company immediately following such change of control has the right to develop and sell the product, then (i) a milestone payment of $20.0 million will be due and payable to Isis 21 days following the first commercial sale of the product in the United States; and (ii) unless such surviving entity had previously sublicensed the product and a royalty rate payable to Isis by us has been established, the applicable royalty rate payable to Isis will thereafter be the maximum amount payable under the license agreement. Any non-royalty milestone amounts previously paid will be credited toward the $20.0 million milestone if not already paid. As a result of the $10.0 million milestone payment payable to Isis in relation to the Collaboration Agreement, the remaining amount owing in the event of change of control discussed above is a maximum of $10.0 million.

Lease Arrangements

We have an operating lease agreement for office space being used in Vancouver, Canada, which expires in September 2016.

Future minimum lease payments under the Vancouver lease are as follows (in thousands):

 

2015

 

 

46

 

2016

 

 

69

 

Total

 

$

115

 

 

In February 2015, we entered into an office lease with Grosvenor International (Atlantic Freeholds) Limited, or Landlord, pursuant to which we leased approximately 11,526 square feet located at 19820 North Creek Parkway, Bothell, Washington, 98011, commencing on February 15, 2015. We have the option to rent an additional 8,054 square feet before August 1, 2015. The initial term of this lease will expire on April 30, 2018, with an option to extend the term for one approximately three-year period. Our monthly base rent for the premises will start at approximately $18,000 commencing on May 1, 2015 and will increase on an annual basis up to approximately $20,000. The Landlord has agreed to provide us with a construction allowance of approximately $0.1 million. We will be responsible for 17% of taxes levied upon the building during each calendar year of the term. We delivered to the Landlord a letter of credit in the amount of $0.2 million, in accordance with the terms if the lease, which the Landlord may draw upon for base rent or other damages in the event of our default under this lease. In June 2015, we provided notice to the landlord to exercise our expansion option for an additional 2,245 square feet of office space to commence on August 1, 2015.

The future minimum lease payments under the new Bothell lease are as follows (in thousands):

 

2015

 

 

126

 

2016

 

 

267

 

2017

 

 

281

 

2018

 

 

95

 

Total

 

$

769

 

 

15


Consolidated rent expense related to the Bothell, Washington and Vancouver, Canada offices in the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 was $0.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Consolidated rent expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 was $0.7 million and $1.4 million, respectively.

 

In February 2015, we entered into a Lease Termination Agreement with BMR pursuant to which we and BMR agreed to terminate our lease, dated November 21, 2006, as amended, for the premises located at 1522 217th Place S.E. in Bothell, Washington, or Terminated Lease, effective March 1, 2015. Under the Lease Termination Agreement, we paid BMR a $2.0 million termination fee. We may also pay BMR an additional termination fee of $1.3 million if we (i) meet the primary endpoint for our phase 3 clinical trial for the treatment of second line metastatic CRPC with custirsen and if we (ii) close a transaction or transactions pursuant to which we receive funding in an aggregate amount of at least $20.0 million. BMR drew approximately $0.1 million on our letter of credit with respect to its payment of deferred state sales tax and terminated the remaining balance of $0.2 million. BMR returned to us the security deposit under the Terminated Lease, less amounts deducted in accordance with the terms of the Terminated Lease, of $0.5 million.

With respect to the contingent payment of $1.3 million, we have assessed that the likelihood of meeting both contingent events is more likely than not. As a result, we have recognized the $1.3 million in lease termination liability on our balance sheet as at June 30, 2015.

Guarantees and Indemnifications

We and Teva released each other from all claims related to the Collaboration Agreement. In addition, we agreed to indemnify Teva and its affiliates against any third-party claims attributable to the development and commercialization of custirsen prior to the execution of the Collaboration Agreement and after the Closing Date, and any third-party claims attributable to the conduct of the AFFINITY study. Teva agreed to indemnify us and our affiliates against any third-party claims attributable to the development of custirsen during the period between the execution of the Collaboration Agreement and the Closing Date, but excluding the AFFINITY study. The parties’ indemnity obligations cover, among other things, third-party claims brought by current or former patients in the relevant studies and patient product liability claims.

We indemnify our officers, directors and certain consultants for certain events or occurrences, subject to certain limits, while the officer, director or consultant is or was serving at our request in such capacity. The term of the indemnification period is equal to each officer’s, director’s and consultant’s lifetime.

The maximum amount of potential future indemnification is unlimited; however, we have obtained director and officer insurance that limits our exposure and may enable us to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. We believe that the fair value of these indemnification obligations is minimal. Accordingly, we have not recognized any liabilities relating to these obligations as of June 30, 2015.

We have agreements with certain organizations with which we do business that contain indemnification provisions pursuant to which we typically agree to indemnify the party against certain types of third-party claims. We accrue for known indemnification issues when a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated. There were no accruals for or expenses related to indemnification issues for any period presented.

 

 

8. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

From July 1, 2015 through August 13, 2015, we offered and sold 5,358,042 shares of our common stock pursuant to our Purchase Agreement with LPC. These sales resulted in gross proceeds to us of approximately $14.7 million and offering expenses of $0.3 million. As of August 13, 2015, no further amounts remained available for sale under this offering program.

 

16


Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

INFORMATION REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements involve a number of risks and uncertainties. We caution readers that any forward-looking statement is not a guarantee of future performance and that actual results could differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statement. These statements are based on current expectations of future events. Such statements include, but are not limited to, statements about future financial and operating results, plans, objectives, expectations and intentions, costs and expenses, interest rates, outcome of contingencies, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, business strategies, cost savings, objectives of management and other statements that are not historical facts. You can find many of these statements by looking for words like “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “could,” “plan,” “intend” or similar expressions in this document  or in documents incorporated by reference into this document. We intend that such forward-looking statements be subject to the safe harbors created thereby. Examples of these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

·

progress and preliminary and future results of clinical trials conducted by us or our collaborators;

·

anticipated regulatory filings and requirements and future clinical trials conducted by us or our collaborators;

·

timing and amount of future contractual payments, product revenue and operating expenses;

·

market acceptance of our products and the estimated potential size of these markets; and

·

our anticipated future capital requirements and the terms of any capital financing agreements.

These forward-looking statements are based on the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. If underlying assumptions prove inaccurate or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results may differ materially from current expectations and projections. Factors that might cause such a difference include those discussed in Item 1A “Risk Factors,” as well as those discussed elsewhere in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this document or, in the case of documents referred to or incorporated by reference, the date of those documents.

All subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as may be required under applicable U.S. securities law. If we do update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. 

Overview

We are an emerging leader in next generation cancer therapeutics. Our mission is to accelerate transformative therapies to improve the lives of people living with cancer and other serious diseases. We have developed a pipeline of late-stage product candidates that are designed to block the production of specific proteins that promote treatment resistance in cancer. We believe our therapies are first-in-class and have the potential to redefine treatment outcomes in a variety of cancers. We have three product candidates in our pipeline: custirsen, apatorsen and OGX-225, each of which has a distinct mechanism of action and represents a unique opportunity for cancer drug development. Of the product candidates in our pipeline, custirsen and apatorsen are clinical-stage assets being evaluated in two phase 3 studies and five phase 2 studies, respectively.

Our product candidates -- custirsen, apatorsen and OGX-225 -- focus on mechanisms of treatment resistance in cancer patients and are designed to block the production of specific proteins that we believe promote treatment resistance and survival of tumor cells and are over-produced in response to a variety of cancer treatments. Our aim in targeting these particular proteins is to disable the tumor cell’s adaptive defenses, thereby rendering the tumor cells more susceptible to attack with a variety of cancer therapies. We believe this approach will increase survival time and improve the quality of life for cancer patients.

Product Candidate Custirsen

Three phase 3 custirsen clinical trials have been initiated:

·

The SYNERGY Trial: The completed phase 3 clinical trial evaluated a survival benefit for custirsen in combination with first-line docetaxel treatment in patients with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer, or metastatic CRPC. Results of the SYNERGY trial were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2014 Congress in September 2014. Final survival results indicated that the addition of custirsen to standard first-line docetaxel/prednisone therapy did

17


not meet the primary endpoint of a statistically significant improvement in overall survival, or OS, in men with metastatic CRPC, compared to docetaxel/prednisone alone (median survival 23.4 months vs. 22.2 months, respectively; hazard ratio 0.93 and one-sided p value 0.207). The adverse events observed were similar to custirsen's known adverse event profile. Subsequent exploratory analyses showed improved overall survival for those men who received custirsen and who were at increased risk for poor outcomes. Those preliminary results showed a 27% lower rate of death for patients who were at increased risk for poor outcomes and received custirsen. Based on these findings, we plan to amend the AFFINITY and ENSPIRIT trials as outlined below.

 

·

The AFFINITY Trial: The phase 3 clinical trial to evaluate a survival benefit for custirsen in combination with cabazitaxel treatment as second-line chemotherapy in patients with CRPC. We initiated this phase 3 clinical trial in August 2012 and completed enrollment of approximately 630 patients in September 2014. The trial is designed to show a survival benefit with 85% power based on a hazard ratio of 0.75. A single interim futility analysis was completed in January 2015; the trial is continuing based on the recommendation of the Independent Data Monitoring Committee. Based on the exploratory analyses from the SYNERGY trial that showed a significant survival benefit in men who received custirsen and who were at increased risk for poor outcomes, we are seeking advice from regulatory authorities on amending the AFFINITY trial and statistical analysis plan to include a co-primary survival objective for evaluating survival benefit in men who were at increased risk for poor outcomes as well as for all men enrolled into the study. The proposed amendment includes the addition of a co-primary survival analysis designed to prospectively evaluate the survival benefit of custirsen in men who were at increased risk for poor outcomes when treated with cabazitaxel. We, in collaboration with study investigators and key opinion leaders, have defined a five criteria characterization for poor survival prognosis based on the Phase 3 SYNERGY trial results, which includes: poor performance status, elevated prostate specific antigen (PSA), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), decreased hemoglobin, and the presence of liver metastasis. Patients with an increased risk for poor outcomes will be identified as having two or more of these five common risk factors. The proposed change for AFFINITY is also consistent with custirsen's mechanism of action, since custirsen was designed to address treatment resistance which may be more prevalent in this subpopulation. In the revised statistical analysis plan for the AFFINITY trial, the hypothesized hazard ratio (HR) for those who are at an increased risk for poor outcomes is specified to be 0.69 with the critical HR ≤ 0.778. The hypothesized HR for the intent-to-treat patients (ITT population) remains unchanged as 0.75 with the critical HR ≤ 0.820. The FDA has reviewed and agreed with the proposed amendment to the AFFINITY protocol and statistical analysis plan. FDA and OncoGenex have further agreed that an interim analysis will occur for the ITT population when the final analysis occurs for those patients who were at an increased risk for poor outcomes. This interim analysis will have both futility and early efficacy criteria defined for the ITT population. If the earlier final analysis on those who are at an increased risk for poor outcomes shows a survival benefit for custirsen, OncoGenex could initiate a regulatory submission at that time. The entire trial could also be stopped early due to efficacy based on the interim assessment for the ITT population by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC). We are also seeking advice on the proposed amendment from the EMA (European Medicines Agency) through their standardized Scientific Review process. Subject to finalizing the pending protocol amendment, timing for the final analysis of the poor prognosis subpopulation is projected to occur by the end of 2015, while the final analysis for the entire study population is projected to occur in the second half of 2016.

 

·

The ENSPIRIT Trial: The phase 3 clinical trial to evaluate a survival benefit for custirsen in combination with docetaxel treatment as second-line chemotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, or N SCLC. This trial was initiated in September 2012. We have filed a protocol amendment with the FDA and with regulatory agencies in other countries to amend the statistical design and analysis plan of the ENSPIRIT trial. Under the revised protocol, we made changes that we believe will be useful as we evaluate custirsen in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. First, we revised the hypothesized hazard ratio to 0.75 instead of 0.80, reducing the required sample size from 1,100 to 700 patients. This also affects the critical hazard ratio, or the hazard ratio required to achieve statistical significance.  Previously, the critical hazard ratio was 0.87 and is now 0.84.  Recent non-small lung cancer drug approvals have hazard ratios that were 0.86 and lower.  The original 1,100 patient design yielded a critical hazard ratio of 0.87 – a ratio that is not likely clinically relevant or approvable, whereas the revised design with 700 patients and a critical hazard ratio of 0.84 is relevant and likely approvable.   We believe these revised thresholds are more appropriately aligned to the interests of both treating clinicians and their patients. This change also maintains 90% power while assessing for a more clinically meaningful difference for custirsen treatment. The goal of the ENSPIRIT amendment is to provide a better assessment of more clinically relevant survival benefit when adding custirsen to second-line docetaxel. Second, we revised the final interim futility analysis with more rigorous criteria in order to continue the trial due to lack of futility. The trial will not be stopped early in order to claim efficacy. The first interim futility analysis was completed in August 2014 and the second revised interim futility analysis was completed in July 2015. The trial is continuing based on the recommendation of the Independent Data Monitoring Committee. Based on current ENSPIRIT enrollment projections and the changes outlined in the protocol amendment filed with the FDA, we believe final survival results could be available in the second half of 2016. Third, we included an additional objective to analyze survival outcome based on NSCLC histology as part of the other non-primary analyses.

18


Custirsen has received Fast Track designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, for second-line treatment of metastatic CRPC when combined with cabazitaxel and prednisone and for the second-line treatment of advanced NSCLC when combined with docetaxel in patients with disease progression following treatment with a first-line, platinum-based chemotherapy doublet regimen.

We and collaborating investigators have conducted one phase 3 clinical trial and five phase 2 clinical trials to evaluate the ability of custirsen to enhance the effects of therapy in prostate, non-small cell lung and breast cancers. Results have been presented for each of these trials.

Product Candidate Apatorsen

Apatorsen is our product candidate designed to inhibit production of heat shock protein 27, or Hsp27, a cell-survival protein expressed in many types of cancers including bladder, non-small cell lung, pancreatic, prostate and breast cancers. Hsp27 expression is stress-induced, including by many anti-cancer therapies. Overexpression of Hsp27 is thought to be an important factor leading to the development of treatment resistance and is associated with metastasis and negative clinical outcomes in patients with various tumor types.

Hsp27 can also function as an immunomodulatory protein by a number of mechanism that include altering important membrane expressed proteins on monocytes and immature dendritic cells; this alteration results in tumor-associated immune cells that are not functional in identifying and killing cancer cells. The induction of anti-inflammatory cytokines by Hsp27 may also play a role in down-regulating lymphocyte activation leading to additional unresponsive immune cells.

In 2013, we initiated the ORCA (Ongoing Studies Evaluating Treatment Resistance in CAncer) program which encompasses clinical studies designed to evaluate whether inhibition of Hsp27 can lead to improved prognosis and treatment outcomes for cancer patients. Our goal is to advance cancer treatment by conducting clinical trials for apatorsen across multiple cancer indications including bladder, lung, pancreatic and prostate cancers. We are conducting parallel clinical trials to evaluate apatorsen in several cancer indications and treatment combinations to accelerate the development of apatorsen. As part of this strategy, we are supporting specific investigator-sponsored trials to allow assessment of a broader range of clinical indications for future OncoGenex-sponsored trials and possible market approval.The OCRA trials, with exception of the Pacific™ Trial, are designed to provide information that will be useful for designing future phase 3 trials and may be used as supportive studies for registration, if applicable.  Due to small sample sizes, data from these trials are not likely to result in statistically significant differences in either PFS or survival

Our completed company-sponsored Borealis-1™ phase 2 trial was a three-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating apatorsen in combination with a first-line standard of care chemotherapy regimen (gemcitabine and cisplatin) in the metastatic setting. Results from an exploratory analysis showed that metastatic bladder cancer patients with poor prognostic features (lower performance status, liver involvement, low hemoglobin and high alkaline phosphatase) benefited from the addition of 600mg apatorsen to first-line chemotherapy (OS HR = 0.72) compared to chemotherapy alone.  Patients in the trial with a Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) of 80% or less, a common indicator of poor prognosis, experienced a 50% reduction in risk of death with the addition of apatorsen therapy (OS HR = 0.50). These results were presented in an oral session on June 1, 2015 at ASCO.

Our current apatorsen development activities for pancreatic cancer include the following clinical trial:

·

The Rainier™ Trial: The investigator-sponsored, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen in combination with Abraxane® (paclitaxel protein-bound particles for injectable suspension)(albumin-bound) and gemcitabine in approximately 130 patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic cancer. The objective of the trial will be overall survival, with additional analyses to evaluate PFS, tumor response rates, safety, tolerability, and the effect of therapy on Hsp27 levels. Survival outcomes in patients who were at increased risk for poor outcomes will also be prospectively evaluated. The trial was initiated in August 2013 and patient enrollment was completed in December 2014. Top line survival data are expected by the end of 2015.

Our current apatorsen development activities for bladder cancer include the following clinical trial:

·

The Borealis-2™ Trial: The investigator-sponsored, randomized phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen in combination with docetaxel treatment compared to docetaxel treatment alone in patients with advanced or metastatic bladder cancer who have disease progression following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients may also continue weekly apatorsen infusions as maintenance treatment until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity if they complete all 10 cycles of docetaxel, or are discontinued from docetaxel due to docetaxel toxicity. We expect to enroll approximately 200 patients. This trial was initiated in April 2013 and is expected to complete enrollment in the third quarter of 2015.

19


Our current apatorsen development activities for NSCLC include the following clinical trials:

·

The Spruce™ Trial: The investigator-sponsored, randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen plus carboplatin and pemetrexed therapy compared to plus carboplatin and pemetrexed therapy in patients with previously untreated advanced non-squamous NSCLC. Patients continued weekly apatorsen or placebo infusions as maintenance treatment until disease progression if they completed a minimum of 3 cycles of chemotherapy treatment. The trial randomized approximately 155 patients. The aim of the trial is to determine if adding apatorsen to carboplatin and pemetrexed therapy can extend PFS outcome. Additional analyses are expected to include tumor response rates, overall survival, safety, tolerability and the effect of therapy on Hsp27 levels. Patients who are at increased risk for poor outcomes will also be prospectively evaluated. This trial was initiated in August 2013 and patient enrollment was completed in February 2015. Primary PFS endpoint data is expected in the first half of 2016.

·

The Cedar™ Trial: The investigator-sponsored, randomized phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen plus gemcitabine and carboplatin therapy or gemcitabine and carboplatin therapy alone in patients with previously untreated advanced squamous NSCLC. Patients also continue weekly apatorsen infusions as maintenance treatment after chemotherapy until disease progression. The trial is expected to randomize approximately 140 patients. The aim of the trial is to determine if adding apatorsen to gemcitabine and carboplatin therapy can extend PFS outcome. Additional analyses will include tumor response rates, overall survival, safety, and health-related quality of life. Additional analyses are expected to determine the effect of therapy on Hsp27 levels, explore potential biomarkers that may help predict response to treatment and survival outcomes in patients who were at increased risk for poor outcomes. The trial was initiated in July 2014 and is enrolling patients.

Our current apatorsen development activities for prostate cancer include the following clinical trial:

·

The Pacific™ Trial: The investigator-sponsored, randomized phase 2 trial evaluating apatorsen in men with CRPC who are experiencing a rising PSA while receiving Zytiga® (abiraterone acetate). The aim of the trial is to determine if adding apatorsen to Zytiga treatment can reverse or delay treatment resistance by evaluating the PFS rate at a milestone Day 60 assessment. Other secondary endpoints such as PSA and objective responses, time to disease progression, CTCs and Hsp27 levels are expected to be evaluated. We expect approximately 80 patients will be enrolled. The trial was initiated in December 2012 and is enrolling patients.

Product Candidate OGX-225

OGX-225 is our product candidate designed to inhibit the production of Insulin Growth Factor Binding Proteins -2 and -5 (IGFBP-2, IGFBP-5), two proteins that when overexpressed affect the growth of cancer cells. Increased IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5 production are observed in many human cancers, including prostate, breast, colorectal, non-small cell lung, glioblastoma, acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, neuroblastoma, and melanoma. The increased production of these proteins is linked to faster rates of cancer progression, treatment resistance, and shorter survival duration in humans.

Preclinical studies with human prostate and breast cancer cells have shown that reducing IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5 production with OGX-225 sensitized these tumor types to hormone ablation therapy or chemotherapy and induced tumor cell death. We have begun development activities for OGX-225 and have completed IND enabling toxicology studies.

Collaboration Revenue

Revenue recognized to date was attributable to the upfront payment we received in the fourth quarter of 2009 pursuant to a Collaboration Agreement with Teva, as well as cash reimbursements from Teva for certain costs incurred by us under the clinical development plan. Our policy is to account for these reimbursements as collaboration revenue.

In April 2015, we and Teva entered into an agreement to terminate the Collaboration Agreement, or the Termination Agreement. Pursuant to the Termination Agreement, Teva paid to us, as advanced reimbursement for certain continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin, an amount equal to $27.0 million less approximately $3.8 million, which reduction represents a hold-back amount of $3.0 million and $0.8 million for certain third-party expenses incurred by Teva between January 1, 2015 and April 24, 2015, or Closing Date. Teva shall deduct from the $3.0 million hold-back certain costs incurred after January 1, 2015 that may arise after the Closing Date. Teva will pay us (i) one-half of the then remaining hold-back amount six months after the Closing Date, (ii) one-half of the then remaining hold-back amount nine months after the Closing Date and (iii) the entire then remaining hold-back amount 12 months after the Closing Date. As a result of the termination of the Collaboration Agreement with Teva, we do not expect to earn any additional collaboration revenue beyond the amounts provided in the Termination Agreement. The advanced reimbursement payment made by Teva, as part of the Termination Agreement, was deferred and is being recognized as collaboration revenue on a dollar for dollar basis as costs are incurred as part the of continuing research and development activities related to custirsen and certain other antisense inhibitors of clusterin.

20


Research and Development Expenses

Research and development, or R&D, expenses consist primarily of costs for clinical trials, contract manufacturing, personnel costs, milestone payments to third parties, facilities, regulatory activities, preclinical studies and allocations of other R&D-related costs. External expenses for clinical trials include fees paid to clinical research organizations, clinical trial site costs and patient treatment costs.

Currently, we manage our clinical trials through contract research organizations and independent medical investigators at their sites and at hospitals and expect this practice to continue. Through our clinical development programs, we are developing each of our product candidates in parallel for multiple disease indications. Due to the number of ongoing projects and our ability to utilize resources across several projects, we do not record or maintain information regarding the indirect operating costs incurred for our research and development programs on a program-specific basis. In addition, we believe that allocating costs on the basis of time incurred by our employees does not accurately reflect the actual costs of a project.

Several of our clinical trials have been supported by grant funding that was received directly by the hospitals and/or clinical investigators conducting the clinical trials as investigator-sponsored trials, thereby allowing us to complete these clinical trials at a lower cost to us.

Under the prior Collaboration Agreement with Teva, we were required to spend $30 million in direct and indirect development costs for the benefit of the custirsen development plan, such contribution to be funded by the upfront payment provided by Teva as an advanced reimbursement for our development expenses. In December 2012, we had spent the required $30.0 million in development costs related to custirsen. In accordance with the Termination Agreement, Teva was required to and did fund all additional expenses under the clinical development plan through December 31, 2014, after which date we took over responsibility for future costs following termination of our Collaboration Agreement. We do not owe Teva any development milestone payments or royalty payments on sales of custirsen, if any.

Final analyses of clinical trials involving our product candidates are dependent on and driven by timing of disease progression and/or survival events occurring and as a result we cannot estimate completion dates for development activities or when we might receive material net cash inflows from our R&D projects, if ever.

Our projects or intended R&D activities may be subject to change from time to time as we evaluate our R&D priorities and available resources.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative, or G&A, expenses consist primarily of salaries and related costs for our personnel in executive, finance and accounting, corporate communications, human resources and other administrative functions, as well as consulting costs, including market research, business consulting and intellectual property. Other costs include professional fees for legal and auditing services, insurance and facility costs.

Warrant liability

The following is a summary of outstanding warrants to purchase common stock that are classified as liabilities at June 30, 2015:

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

 

Exercise

 

 

 

 

 

and

 

 

price per

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable

 

 

Share

 

 

Expiration Date

(1) Warrants issued in October 2010 financing

 

 

1,587,301

 

 

$

20.00

 

 

October 2015

(2) Series A Warrants issued in July 2014 financing

 

 

2,779,932

 

 

 

4.00

 

 

July 2019

(3) Series B Warrants issued in July 2014 financing

 

 

670,269

 

 

 

4.00

 

 

July 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No warrants were exercised during the six months ended June 30, 2015 or 2014.

We reassess the fair value of the common stock warrants classified as liabilities at each reporting date utilizing a Black-Scholes pricing model. Inputs used in the pricing model include estimates of stock price volatility, expected warrant life and risk-free interest rate. The computation of expected volatility was based on the historical volatility of shares of our common stock for a period that coincides with the expected life of the warrants.

21


Results of Operations

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014

Revenue

Revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 decreased to $4.0 million and $5.4 million, respectively, from $4.9 million and $16.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively. The advanced reimbursement payment made by Teva, as part of the Termination Agreement, was deferred and is being recognized as collaboration revenue on a dollar for dollar basis as costs are incurred as part of the continuing research and development activities related to custirsen. The decrease in 2015 as compared to 2014 was due primarily to lower clinical trial costs for the AFFINITY and Borealis-1 trials as a result of patients coming off treatment. This was partially offset by higher ENSPIRIT trial costs which we became responsible for pursuant to the Termination Agreement with Teva.

Research and Development Expenses

Our research and development expenses for our clinical development programs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 and 2014 are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2015

 

 

2014

 

 

2015

 

 

2014