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EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - MATERION CorpFinancial_Report.xls
EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - MATERION Corpmtrn-ex311_2014627xq2.htm
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EX-3.1 - EXHIBIT 3.1 - MATERION Corpmtrn-ex31_2014627xq2.htm
EX-3.2 - EXHIBIT 3.2 - MATERION Corpmtrn-ex32_2014627xq2a.htm
EX-11 - EXHIBIT 11 - MATERION Corpmtrn-ex11_2014627xq2.htm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
____________________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 27, 2014
 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission file number 001-15885
MATERION CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in charter)
 
Ohio
 
34-1919973
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
6070 Parkland Blvd., Mayfield Hts., Ohio
 
44124
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
216-486-4200
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ        No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ¨
Accelerated filer   þ
Non-accelerated filer  ¨
Smaller reporting company  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨        No  þ
As of July 22, 2014, there were 20,649,612 common shares, no par value, outstanding.




PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION
MATERION CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
The consolidated financial statements of Materion Corporation and its subsidiaries for the second quarter and first half ended June 27, 2014 are as follows:


1



Materion Corporation and Subsidiaries                                
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Thousands, except per share amounts)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net sales
 
$
287,965

 
$
306,141

 
$
546,894

 
$
605,310

Cost of sales
 
238,164

 
260,149

 
451,631

 
510,979

Gross margin
 
49,801

 
45,992

 
95,263

 
94,331

Selling, general and administrative expense
 
34,685

 
33,327

 
65,945

 
66,106

Research and development expense
 
3,443

 
3,154

 
6,230

 
6,711

Other—net
 
(2,895
)
 
2,950

 
(2,533
)
 
5,431

Operating profit
 
14,568

 
6,561

 
25,621

 
16,083

Interest expense—net
 
672

 
813

 
1,367

 
1,641

Income before income taxes
 
13,896

 
5,748

 
24,254

 
14,442

Income tax expense
 
3,922

 
1,593

 
6,949

 
3,502

Net income
 
$
9,974

 
$
4,155

 
$
17,305


$
10,940

Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share of common stock
 
$
0.48

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.84

 
$
0.53

Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share of common stock
 
$
0.47

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.52

Cash dividends per share
 
$
0.085

 
$
0.080

 
$
0.165

 
$
0.155

Weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
20,642

 
20,566

 
20,625

 
20,524

Diluted
 
21,001

 
20,869

 
20,983

 
20,845
















See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


2



Materion Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net income
 
$
9,974

 
$
4,155

 
$
17,305

 
$
10,940

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
126

 
(626
)
 
715

 
(3,380
)
Derivative and hedging activity, net of tax
 
80

 
(247
)
 
87

 
155

Pension and post employment benefit adjustment, net of tax
 
542

 
1,220

 
9,925

 
2,439

Net change in accumulated other comprehensive income
 
748

 
347

 
10,727

 
(786
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
10,722

 
$
4,502

 
$
28,032

 
$
10,154


































See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


3



Materion Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Dec. 31,
(Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
18,062

 
$
22,774

Accounts receivable
 
121,766

 
113,012

Inventories
 
254,790

 
232,800

Prepaid expenses
 
16,645

 
16,353

Deferred income taxes
 
10,345

 
9,566

Total current assets
 
421,608

 
394,505

Long-term deferred income taxes
 
2,049

 
4,672

Property, plant and equipment—cost
 
790,154

 
782,879

Less allowances for depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
(538,095
)
 
(520,986
)
Property, plant and equipment—net
 
252,059

 
261,893

Intangible assets
 
21,534

 
24,248

Other assets
 
4,851

 
3,874

Goodwill
 
88,753

 
88,753

Total assets
 
$
790,854

 
$
777,945

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Short-term debt
 
$
33,368

 
$
35,566

Accounts payable
 
32,959

 
36,556

Other liabilities and accrued items
 
47,832

 
54,851

Income taxes
 
7,015

 
1,564

Unearned revenue
 
2,116

 
479

Total current liabilities
 
123,290

 
129,016

Other long-term liabilities
 
16,252

 
16,531

Retirement and post-employment benefits
 
56,949

 
80,275

Unearned income
 
54,143

 
56,490

Long-term income taxes
 
1,576

 
1,576

Deferred income taxes
 
3,842

 
1,469

Long-term debt
 
46,945

 
29,267

Shareholders’ equity
 


 


Common stock
 
200,078

 
197,576

Retained earnings
 
455,379

 
441,518

Common stock in treasury
 
(121,306
)
 
(118,151
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(49,161
)
 
(59,888
)
Other equity transactions
 
2,867

 
2,266

Total shareholders' equity
 
487,857

 
463,321

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
 
$
790,854

 
$
777,945

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4



Materion Corporation and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited) 
 
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
17,305

 
$
10,940

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
 
22,093

 
18,656

Amortization of deferred financing costs in interest expense
 
356

 
325

Stock-based compensation expense
 
3,027

 
2,676

Changes in assets and liabilities net of acquired assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable
 
(8,680
)
 
(5,156
)
Decrease (increase) in inventory
 
(16,559
)
 
4,212

Decrease (increase) in prepaid and other current assets
 
(2,658
)
 
9,029

Decrease (increase) in deferred income taxes
 
58

 
1,166

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
(8,965
)
 
(27,143
)
Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
 
1,637

 
(1,077
)
Increase (decrease) in interest and taxes payable
 
5,432

 
177

Increase (decrease) in long-term liabilities
 
(11,419
)
 
2,409

Other-net
 
(3,111
)
 
1,906

Net cash (used in) provided from operating activities
 
(1,484
)
 
18,120

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Payments for purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
(12,859
)
 
(13,023
)
Payments for mine development
 
(337
)
 
(4,382
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
 
3,009

 
67

Other investments-net
 
(2
)
 
20

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(10,189
)
 
(17,318
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Repayment of short-term debt
 
(4,886
)
 
(12,729
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
33,170

 
70,240

Repayment of long-term debt
 
(15,492
)
 
(55,541
)
Debt issuance costs
 

 
(1,301
)
Principal payments under capital lease obligations
 
(328
)
 
(329
)
Payment of dividends
 
(3,405
)
 
(3,198
)
Repurchase of common stock
 
(2,672
)
 

Issuance of common stock under stock option plans
 
360

 
849

Tax benefit from stock compensation realization
 
109

 
1,316

Net cash provided from (used in) financing activities
 
6,856

 
(693
)
Effects of exchange rate changes
 
105

 
(439
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
(4,712
)
 
(330
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
22,774

 
16,056

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
18,062

 
$
15,726

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

5



Note A — Accounting Policies
In management’s opinion, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position as of June 27, 2014 and December 31, 2013 and the results of operations for the three months and first half ended June 27, 2014 and June 28, 2013. All adjustments were of a normal and recurring nature. Certain amounts in prior years have been reclassified to conform to the 2014 consolidated financial statement presentation.

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an Accounting Standards Update, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which supersedes previous revenue recognition guidance. The new standard requires that a company recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the company expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. Companies will need to use more judgment and estimates than under the guidance currently in effect, including estimating the amount of variable revenue to recognize over each identified performance obligation. Additional disclosures will be required to help users of financial statements understand the nature, amount and timing of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts. The new standard will become effective for the Company beginning with the first quarter 2017 and can be adopted either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or as a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on the consolidated financial statements.
Note B — Inventories
Inventories on the Consolidated Balance Sheets are summarized as follows:
(Thousands)
 
June 27,
2014
 
Dec. 31,
2013
Principally average cost:
 
 
 
 
Raw materials and supplies
 
$
38,960

 
$
39,201

Work in process
 
170,510

 
152,645

Finished goods
 
45,320

 
40,954

Net inventories
 
$
254,790

 
$
232,800


The December 31, 2013 balance reflects a reclassification of $19.4 million from prepaid assets to inventory. The Company determined it was more appropriate to reflect the fair market value adjustment related to certain of its precious metal inventory as inventory. The reclassification did not impact previously reported total current assets or total assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, net income in the consolidated statements of income or net cash provided by operating activities in the consolidated statements of cash flows.

6


Note C — Pensions and Other Post-employment Benefits
The following is a summary of the second quarter and first half 2014 and 2013 net periodic benefit cost for the domestic pension plans (which include the defined benefit plan and the supplemental retirement plans) and the domestic retiree medical plan.
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Benefits
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
Second Quarter Ended
(Thousands)
 
June 27, 2014
 
June 28, 2013
 
June 27, 2014
 
June 28, 2013
Components of net periodic benefit cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
1,936

 
$
2,356

 
$
34

 
$
76

Interest cost
 
2,444

 
2,353

 
169

 
311

Expected return on plan assets
 
(3,013
)
 
(2,996
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost (benefit)
 
(109
)
 
(86
)
 
(374
)
 
29

Amortization of net loss
 
1,275

 
1,933

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost (benefit)
 
$
2,533

 
$
3,560

 
$
(171
)
 
$
416

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pension Benefits
 
Other Benefits
 
 
First Half Ended
 
First Half Ended
(Thousands)
 
June 27, 2014
 
June 28, 2013
 
June 27, 2014
 
June 28, 2013
Components of net periodic benefit cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
3,872

 
$
4,711

 
$
69

 
$
152

Interest cost
 
4,888

 
4,707

 
337

 
622

Expected return on plan assets
 
(6,025
)
 
(5,992
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost (benefit)
 
(218
)
 
(170
)
 
(749
)
 
58

Amortization of net loss
 
2,550

 
3,865

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
5,067

 
$
7,121

 
$
(343
)
 
$
832

 
The Company made contributions to the domestic defined benefit pension plan of $11.8 million in the first half of 2014.

The Company has notified participants of changes to the domestic retiree medical plan, including changing the benefit formula for participants covered by the plan. The revised benefit formula is designed to lower costs for the Company and the majority of plan participants. As a result of this change, the plan liability on the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheet was reduced by $14.0 million in the first quarter 2014, with the offset increasing other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders' equity. The liability reduction will be recognized in earnings over the average remaining service life of participants.
Note D — Contingencies
Materion Brush Inc., one of the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries, is a defendant from time to time in legal proceedings where the plaintiffs allege they have contracted chronic beryllium disease (CBD) or related ailments as a result of exposure to beryllium. The Company will record a reserve for CBD or other litigation when a loss from either settlement or verdict is probable and estimable. Claims filed by third-party plaintiffs where the alleged exposure occurred prior to December 31, 2007 may be covered by insurance subject to an annual deductible of $1.0 million. Reserves are recorded for asserted claims only and defense costs are expensed as incurred. Two CBD cases, which were filed in prior periods, were outstanding as of the end of the second quarter 2014. A loss reserve of $0.2 million was recorded for these two cases as of the end of the second quarter 2014. No other CBD cases were filed or dismissed during the first half of 2014.
The Company has an active environmental compliance program and records reserves for the probable cost of identified environmental remediation projects. The reserves are established based upon analyses conducted by the Company’s engineers and outside consultants and are adjusted from time to time based upon ongoing studies, the difference between actual and estimated costs and other factors. The reserves may also be affected by rulings and negotiations with regulatory agencies. The undiscounted

7


reserve balance was $4.8 million at June 27, 2014 and $4.8 million at December 31, 2013. Environmental projects tend to be long term and the final actual remediation costs may differ from the amounts currently recorded.

Early in the second quarter 2014, the Company reached an agreement with its insurance carrier to settle the outstanding precious metal theft claim for $6.8 million. The cash was received and the benefit of this settlement was recorded in the Company's financial statements in the second quarter 2014 in other-net in the consolidated statements of income.
Note E — Segment Reporting
 
(Thousands)
 
Advanced
Material
Technologies
 
Performance
Alloys
 
Beryllium and
Composites
 
Technical
Materials
 
Subtotal
 
All
Other
 
Total
Second Quarter 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
179,112

 
$
76,741

 
$
16,598

 
$
15,514

 
$
287,965

 
$

 
$
287,965

Intersegment sales
 
579

 
483

 
163

 
99

 
1,324

 

 
1,324

Operating profit (loss)
 
11,495

 
5,229

 
(1,812
)
 
959

 
15,871

 
(1,303
)
 
14,568

 
 


 


 


 


 


 


 


Second Quarter 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
196,011

 
$
74,335

 
$
16,187

 
$
19,608

 
$
306,141

 
$

 
$
306,141

Intersegment sales
 
777

 
611

 
63

 
214

 
1,665

 

 
1,665

Operating profit (loss)
 
(2,286
)
 
6,898

 
822

 
2,389

 
7,823

 
(1,262
)
 
6,561

 
 


 


 


 


 


 


 


First Half 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
342,309

 
$
143,426

 
$
32,095

 
$
29,064

 
$
546,894

 
$

 
$
546,894

Intersegment sales
 
1,076

 
1,002

 
310

 
219

 
2,607

 

 
2,607

Operating profit (loss)
 
19,099

 
8,778

 
(710
)
 
1,141

 
28,308

 
(2,687
)
 
25,621

Assets
 
314,125

 
273,078

 
145,433

 
22,184

 
754,820

 
36,034

 
790,854

First Half 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales to external customers
 
$
389,864

 
$
148,857

 
$
28,509

 
$
38,080

 
$
605,310

 
$

 
$
605,310

Intersegment sales
 
1,525

 
1,041

 
133

 
444

 
3,143

 

 
3,143

Operating profit (loss)
 
1,065

 
14,134

 
(474
)
 
3,825

 
18,550

 
(2,467
)
 
16,083

Assets
 
318,917

 
266,561

 
141,509

 
24,530

 
751,517

 
47,226

 
798,743

Note F — Stock-based Compensation Expense
Stock-based compensation expense was $1.6 million in the second quarter 2014 and $1.5 million in the second quarter 2013. For the first half of the year, stock-based compensation expense was $3.0 million in 2014 and $2.7 million in 2013.
The Company granted approximately 144,000 stock appreciation rights (SARs) to certain employees in the second quarter 2014 at a strike price of $33.29 per share. The fair value of the SARs, which was determined on the grant date using a Black-Scholes model, was $12.48 per share and will be amortized over the vesting period of three years. The SARs expire in seven years from the date of the grant.
The Company granted approximately 38,000 shares of restricted stock units to certain employees in the second quarter 2014 at a weighted-average fair value of $33.29 per share. The fair value was determined using the closing price of the Company's common stock on the grant date and will be amortized over the vesting period of three years. The holders of the restricted stock units will forfeit their shares if their employment is terminated prior to the end of the vesting period.
The Company granted approximately 25,000 performance-based restricted stock units to certain employees in the first quarter 2014 at a fair value of $26.02 per share. The fair value will be expensed over the vesting period of three years. The final share payout to the employees will be based upon the Company’s total return to shareholders over the vesting period relative to a peer group’s performance over the same period.
The Company received $0.4 million for the exercise of approximately 21,000 options during the first half of 2014 and $0.8 million for the exercise of approximately 56,000 options during the first half of 2013. Exercises of stock appreciation rights totaled approximately 39,000 in the first half of 2014 and 57,000 in the first half of 2013.

8


Note G — Other-net
Other-net income (expense) for the second quarter and first half of 2014 and 2013 is summarized as follows: 
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
June 27,
 
June 28,
 
June 27,
 
June 28,
(Thousands)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Foreign currency exchange/translation (loss) gain
 
$
(423
)
 
$
426

 
$
(475
)
 
$
1,145

Amortization of intangible assets
 
(1,310
)
 
(1,324
)
 
(2,433
)
 
(2,642
)
Metal consignment fees
 
(1,846
)
 
(1,701
)
 
(3,712
)
 
(3,518
)
Net gain (loss) on disposal of fixed assets
 
(27
)
 

 
2,610

 

Recovery from insurance
 
6,750

 

 
6,750

 

Other items
 
(249
)
 
(351
)
 
(207
)
 
(416
)
Total
 
$
2,895

 
$
(2,950
)
 
$
2,533

 
$
(5,431
)
Note H — Income Taxes
The tax expense of $3.9 million in the second quarter 2014 was calculated by applying a rate of 28.2% against income before income taxes, while the tax expense of $1.6 million in the second quarter 2013 was calculated by applying a rate of 27.7% against the income before income taxes in that period.
In the first half of 2014, the tax expense of $6.9 million was calculated using an effective tax rate of 28.7%, while the tax expense of $3.5 million in the first half of 2013 was calculated using an effective tax rate of 24.2%.
The differences between the statutory and effective rates in the second quarter and first half of both years was due to the impact of percentage depletion, the production deduction, foreign source income and deductions, executive compensation, state and local taxes and other factors. The research and experimentation credit also provided a benefit in the second quarter and first half of 2013, but there was no tax benefit recorded in the first half of 2014 as the U.S. Congress has not extended the credit for 2014.
Discrete tax benefits totaling $0.6 million were recorded in the first half of 2013, primarily for adjustments for the prior year research and experimentation credit. The net discrete items were immaterial in the first half of 2014.
Note I — Depreciation and Amortization
The Company received $63.5 million from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) in previous periods for reimbursement of the DoD's share of the cost of capital equipment acquired by the Company under a Title III contract. The Company recorded the cost of the equipment in property, plant and equipment and the reimbursements as unearned income, a liability on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The equipment was placed in service during the third quarter 2012 and its full cost is being depreciated in accordance with Company policy. The unearned income liability is being reduced ratably with the depreciation expense recorded over the life of the equipment.
In the first half of 2014, the depreciation expense on the equipment subject to reimbursement was $2.3 million. Unearned income was reduced by $2.3 million, accordingly, with the offset recorded as a credit to cost of sales. Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows is shown net of the reduction in unearned income.
Amortization of mine development costs are initially recorded in inventory and subsequently recorded into cost of sales in the period that the inventory is sold. Depreciation, depletion and amortization depicted on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, including the mine development costs amortized into inventory, totaled $22.1 million in the first half of 2014 and $18.7 million in the first half of 2013. Depreciation, depletion and amortization expense recorded in operating profit in the Consolidated Statement of Income totaled $19.9 million in the first half of 2014 and $19.5 million in the first half of 2013.

9



Note J — Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company measures and records financial instruments at their fair values. A fair value hierarchy is used for those instruments measured at fair value that distinguishes between assumptions based on market data (observable inputs) and the Company’s assumptions (unobservable inputs). The hierarchy consists of three levels:
Level 1 — Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level 2 — Inputs other than Level 1 inputs that are either directly or indirectly observable; and
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs developed using estimates and assumptions developed by the Company, which reflect those that a market participant would use.
The following table summarizes the financial instruments measured at fair value in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 27, 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements
(Thousands)
 
Total
 
Quoted Prices
in  Active
Markets  for
Identical
Assets
(Level  1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Financial Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Directors’ deferred compensation investments
 
$
328

 
$
328

 
$

 
$

Foreign currency forward contracts
 
36

 

 
36

 

Total
 
$
364

 
$
328

 
$
36

 
$

Financial Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Directors’ deferred compensation liability
 
$
328

 
$
328

 
$

 
$

Foreign currency forward contracts
 
5

 

 
5

 

Total
 
$
333

 
$
328

 
$
5

 
$

The Company uses a market approach to value the assets and liabilities for outstanding derivative contracts in the table above. Outstanding contracts are valued through models that utilize market observable inputs including both spot and forward prices for the same underlying currencies and metals. The carrying values of the other working capital items and debt on the Consolidated Balance Sheets approximate their fair values as of June 27, 2014.
Note K — Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activity
The Company uses derivative contracts to hedge portions of its foreign currency and precious metal exposures. The objectives for using derivatives in these areas are as follows:
Foreign Currency. The Company sells products to overseas customers in their local currencies, primarily the euro and yen. The Company uses foreign currency derivatives, mainly forward contracts and options, to hedge these anticipated sales transactions. The purpose of the hedge program is to protect against the reduction in dollar value of the foreign currency sales from adverse exchange rate movements. Should the dollar strengthen significantly, the decrease in the translated value of the foreign currency sales should be partially offset by gains on the hedge contracts. Depending upon the methods used, the hedge contract may limit the benefits from a weakening U.S. dollar.
The use of forward contracts locks in a firm rate and eliminates any downside from an adverse rate movement as well as any benefit from a favorable rate movement. The Company may from time to time choose to hedge with options or a tandem of options known as a collar. These hedging techniques can limit or eliminate the downside risk but can allow for some or all of the benefit from a favorable rate movement to be realized. Unlike a forward contract, a premium is paid for an option; collars, which are a combination of a put and call option, may have a net premium but they can be structured to be cash neutral. The Company will primarily hedge with forward contracts due to the relationship between the cash outlay and the level of risk.

10


The use of foreign currency derivative contracts is governed by policies approved by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. A team consisting of senior financial managers reviews the estimated exposure levels, as defined by budgets, forecasts and other internal data, and determines the timing, amounts and instruments to use to hedge that exposure within the confines of the policy. Management analyzes the effective hedged rates and the actual and projected gains and losses on the hedging transactions against the program objectives, targeted rates and levels of risk assumed. Hedge contracts are typically layered in at different times for a specified exposure period in order to minimize the impact of rate movements.
Precious Metals. The Company maintains the majority of its precious metal production requirements on consignment in order to reduce the working capital investment and the exposure to metal price movements. When a precious metal product is fabricated and ready for shipment to the customer, the metal is purchased out of consignment at the current market price and that price forms the basis for the price to be charged to the customer.
In certain circumstances, a customer may want to establish the price for the precious metal when the sales order is placed rather than at the time of the shipment. Setting the selling price at a different date than when the material would be purchased potentially creates an exposure to movements in the market price of the metal. Therefore, in these limited situations, the Company may elect to enter into a forward contract to purchase a stated quantity of precious metal at a fixed price on a specified date in the future. The price in the forward contract serves as the basis for the price to be charged to the customer. By so doing, the selling and purchase prices are matched and the Company’s market price exposure is reduced.
The Company refines precious metal-containing materials for its customers and typically will purchase the refined metal from the customer at current market prices. In limited circumstances, the customer may want to fix the price to be paid at the time of the order as opposed to when the material is refined. The customer may also want to fix the price to be paid for a number of orders over a period of time. The Company may then enter into a hedge contract, either a forward contract or a swap, to fix the price for the estimated quantity of refined metal to be purchased thereby reducing the exposure to adverse movements in the market price of the metal.
The Company will only enter into a derivative contract if there is an underlying identified exposure. Contracts are typically held until maturity. The Company does not engage in derivative trading activities and does not use derivatives for speculative purposes. The Company only uses currency hedge contracts that are denominated in the same currency as the underlying exposure and precious metal hedge contracts denominated in the same metal as the underlying exposure.
All derivatives are recorded on the balance sheet at their fair values. If the derivative is designated and effective as a cash flow hedge, changes in the fair value of the derivative are recognized in other comprehensive income (OCI) until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. The ineffective portion of a derivative’s fair value, if any, is recognized in earnings immediately. If a derivative is not a hedge, changes in the fair value are adjusted through income. The fair values of the outstanding derivatives are recorded on the balance sheet as assets (if the derivatives are in a gain position) or liabilities (if the derivatives are in a loss position). The fair values will also be classified as short term or long term depending upon their maturity dates.
The outstanding foreign currency forward contracts had a notional value of $35.7 million as of June 27, 2014. All of these contracts were designated and effective as cash flow hedges. The net fair value of the outstanding contracts was less than $0.1 million, with the asset recorded in prepaid expenses and the liability recorded in other liabilities and accrued items on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 27, 2014.
There was no ineffectiveness associated with the contracts outstanding at July 27, 2014 and no ineffectiveness expense was recorded in the second quarter of first half of 2014 or 2013.
Changes in the fair value of outstanding cash flow hedges recorded in OCI totaled $31,000 at June 27, 2014 and $0.6 million at June 28, 2013. The Company expects to relieve substantially the entire balance in OCI as of June 27, 2014 to income on the Consolidated Statements of Income during the twelve-month period beginning June 28, 2014. See Note L to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional OCI details.
Note L — Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

Changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income, including the amounts reclassified out, for the second quarter and first half of 2014 and 2013 are as follows:
                         

11


 
 
Gains and Losses
On Cash Flow Hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Thousands)
 
Foreign Currency
 
Precious Metals
 
Total
 
Pension and Post Employment Benefits
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of March 28, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
$
(96
)
 
$

 
$
(96
)
 
$
(62,058
)
 
$
876

 
$
(61,278
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,437
)
 

 
(1,437
)
 
(9,932
)
 

 
(11,369
)
 Net
 
$
1,341

 
$

 
$
1,341

 
$
(52,126
)
 
$
876

 
$
(49,909
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second quarter 2014 activity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
84

 

 
84

 

 
126

 
210

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
43

 

 
43

 
461

 

 
504

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) before tax
 
127

 

 
127

 
461

 
126

 
714

Deferred taxes on current period activity
 
47

 

 
47

 
(81
)
 

 
(34
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) after tax
 
80

 

 
80

 
542

 
126

 
748

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of June 27, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
31

 

 
31

 
(61,597
)
 
1,002

 
(60,564
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,390
)
 

 
(1,390
)
 
(10,013
)
 

 
(11,403
)
 Net
 
$
1,421

 
$

 
$
1,421

 
$
(51,584
)
 
$
1,002

 
$
(49,161
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of March 29, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
$
969

 
$

 
$
969

 
$
(125,665
)
 
$
1,323

 
$
(123,373
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,064
)
 

 
(1,064
)
 
(32,748
)
 

 
(33,812
)
 Net
 
2,033

 

 
2,033

 
(92,917
)
 
1,323

 
(89,561
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Second quarter 2013 activity :
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
13

 

 
13

 

 
(626
)
 
(613
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
(428
)
 
23

 
(405
)
 
1,877

 

 
1,472

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) before tax
 
(415
)
 
23

 
(392
)
 
1,877

 
(626
)
 
859

Deferred taxes on current period activity
 
(145
)
 

 
(145
)
 
657

 

 
512

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) after tax
 
(270
)
 
23

 
(247
)
 
1,220

 
(626
)
 
347

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

12



 Gross
 
554

 
23

 
577

 
(123,788
)
 
697

 
(122,514
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,209
)
 
1

 
(1,208
)
 
(32,091
)
 

 
(33,299
)
 Net
 
$
1,763

 
$
22

 
$
1,785

 
$
(91,697
)
 
$
697

 
$
(89,215
)
 
 
Gains and Losses
On Cash Flow Hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Thousands)
 
Foreign Currency
 
Precious Metals
 
Total
 
Pension and Post Employment Benefits
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Total
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of December 31, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
$
(87
)
 
$
(19
)
 
$
(106
)
 
$
(77,301
)
 
$
287

 
$
(77,120
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,433
)
 
(7
)
 
(1,440
)
 
(15,792
)
 

 
(17,232
)
 Net
 
$
1,346

 
$
(12
)
 
$
1,334

 
$
(61,509
)
 
$
287

 
$
(59,888
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First half 2014 activity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
$
(8
)
 
$

 
$
(8
)
 
$
14,034

 
$
715

 
$
14,741

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
$
126

 
$
19

 
$
145

 
$
1,670

 
$

 
$
1,815

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) before tax
 
118

 
19

 
$
137

 
15,704

 
715

 
$
16,556

 Deferred taxes on current period activity
 
43

 
7

 
$
50

 
5,779

 

 
$
5,829

 Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) after tax
 
75

 
12

 
$
87

 
9,925

 
715

 
$
10,727

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of June 27, 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
$
31

 
$

 
$
31

 
$
(61,597
)
 
$
1,002

 
$
(60,564
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,390
)
 

 
$
(1,390
)
 
(10,013
)
 

 
(11,403
)
 Net
 
$
1,421

 

 
$
1,421

 
$
(51,584
)
 
$
1,002

 
$
(49,161
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
$
253

 
$
97

 
$
350

 
$
(127,541
)
 
$
4,077

 
$
(123,114
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
$
(1,314
)
 
$
34

 
$
(1,280
)
 
$
(33,405
)
 
$

 
$
(34,685
)
 Net
 
$
1,567

 
$
63

 
$
1,630

 
$
(94,136
)
 
$
4,077

 
$
(88,429
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First half 2013 activity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
$
872

 
$
23

 
$
895

 
$

 
$
(3,380
)
 
$
(2,485
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
$
(571
)
 
$
(97
)
 
$
(668
)
 
$
3,753

 
$

 
$
3,085

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) before tax
 
$
301

 
$
(74
)
 
$
227

 
$
3,753

 
$
(3,380
)
 
$
600


13


Deferred taxes on current period activity
 
$
105

 
$
(33
)
 
$
72

 
$
1,314

 
$

 
$
1,386

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss) after tax
 
$
196

 
$
(41
)
 
$
155

 
$
2,439

 
$
(3,380
)
 
$
(786
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income, as of June 28, 2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Gross
 
554

 
23

 
$
577

 
(123,788
)
 
697

 
$
(122,514
)
 Deferred tax (benefit)
 
(1,209
)
 
1

 
$
(1,208
)
 
(32,091
)
 

 
$
(33,299
)
 Net
 
$
1,763

 
$
22

 
$
1,785

 
$
(91,697
)
 
$
697

 
$
(89,215
)
Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income of gains and losses on foreign currency cash flow hedges are recorded in other-net on the Consolidated Statements of Income while the gains and losses on precious metal cash flow hedges are recorded in cost of sales on the Consolidated Statements of Income. See Note K to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details on cash flow hedges.
Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income for pension and post employment benefits are included in the computation of the net periodic pension and post employment benefit expense. See Note C to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional details on pension and post employment expenses.


14



Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
OVERVIEW
We are an integrated producer of high-performance advanced engineered materials used in a variety of electrical, electronic, thermal and structural applications. Our products are sold into numerous markets, including consumer electronics, industrial components, commercial aerospace, defense, science, energy, medical, automotive electronics, telecommunications infrastructure and appliance.

Second quarter 2014 sales of $288.0 million were 6% lower than sales in the second quarter 2013. Value-added sales, a non-GAAP measure that removes the impact of pass-through metals, totaled $159.6 million in the second quarter 2014, a 5% improvement over the second quarter 2013. The growth in value-added sales was largely in the consumer electronics and medical markets offset in part by softness in the defense and automotive electronics markets.

Gross margin was $49.8 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $46.0 million in the second quarter 2013. The margin growth was due to the higher value-added sales, improvements in precious metal refining operations and other factors offset in part by a weaker product mix and higher material costs in portions of our business.

We reached an agreement with our insurance carrier on the precious metal theft claim that resulted in a $6.8 million benefit in the second quarter 2014, which is included in Other-net on the Consolidated Statement of Income.

Operating profit was $14.6 million in the second quarter 2014, an increase of $8.0 million over the operating profit of $6.6 million in the second quarter 2013. Earnings per share were $0.47 in the second quarter 2014 compared to $0.20 in the second quarter 2013.

We increased the quarterly dividend to $0.085 per share and paid $1.8 million to shareholders in the second quarter 2014.

Outstanding debt totaled $86.0 million as of the end of the second quarter 2014, a $6.9 million reduction from the end of the first quarter 2014.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Millions, except per share data)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Sales
 
$
288.0

 
$
306.1

 
$
546.9

 
$
605.3

Value-added sales
 
159.6

 
152.5

 
304.5

 
303.8

Operating profit
 
14.6

 
6.6

 
25.6

 
16.1

Income before income taxes
 
13.9

 
5.7

 
24.3

 
14.4

Net income
 
10.0

 
4.2

 
17.3

 
10.9

Diluted earnings per share
 
$
0.47

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.82

 
$
0.52


Sales of $288.0 million in the second quarter 2014 were $18.1 million, or 6%, lower than sales of $306.1 million in the second quarter 2013. Sales totaled $546.9 million in the first half of 2014, a 10% decline from sales of $605.3 million in the first half of 2013.

The prices of key raw materials, including gold, silver and copper, were lower in the second quarter 2014 and first half of 2014 than the respective periods in 2013 and the lower pass-through metal prices reduced sales in the second quarter 2014 by an estimated $8.1 million and by an estimated $33.7 million in the first half of 2014. The comparison of sales between periods was also affected by changes in foreign currency translation rates, a change in the amount of customer-supplied precious metals and other factors.

Domestic sales declined approximately 8% in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013 and 12% in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. International sales were 1% lower in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter

15



2013 and down approximately 5% in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. European sales in the first half of 2014 were 13% lower than the first half of 2013 primarily due to a decline in precious metal sales. Asian sales grew 4% in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013.

The cost of gold, silver, platinum, palladium and copper are typically passed through to customers and therefore movements in the prices of these metals will affect sales but may not have a proportionate impact on margins. Internally, we manage our business on a value-added sales basis. Value-added sales is a non-GAAP measure that deducts the cost of these pass-through metals from sales and removes the potential distortion caused by differences in metal values sold. Value-added sales of $159.6 million in the second quarter 2014 improved 5% over value-added sales of $152.5 million in the second quarter 2013. Value-added sales were $304.5 million in the first half of 2014 compared to $303.8 million in the first half of 2013. A reconciliation of sales to value-added sales is provided in a later section of this Management's Discussion and Analysis.

Beginning in the first quarter 2014, we revised our value-added sales by market reporting, segregating the defense and science market into two separate markets and reclassifying nuclear medical applications from the science market to the medical market. We also segregated the industrial components and commercial aerospace market into two separate markets. Prior-year data has been revised to allow for proper comparisons.

The majority of the growth in value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 was due to improvements in value-added sales to the consumer electronics market. Value-added sales to the consumer electronics market, our largest market accounting for 28% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2014, grew 15% in the second quarter 2014 over the second quarter 2013 and 10% in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013. Value-added sales to the medical market also improved, growing 14% in the second quarter 2014 and 2% in the first half of 2014 over the comparable periods of 2013. The second quarter 2014 growth was due to higher shipments for blood glucose test strip, nuclear medical and x-ray window applications. Improved value-added sales to the industrial components, science and appliance markets contributed to the growth in total value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 as well.

Offsetting a portion of the value-added sales growth from these markets was a decline in value-added sales to the defense market of 28% in the second quarter 2014 and 26% in the first half of 2014 from the respective periods in 2013. This decline was due to a combination of the ongoing impact of government spending cutbacks and the timing of program releases. Value-added sales to the automotive electronics market also declined 26% in the second quarter 2014 and 21% in the first half of 2014 from the fairly high shipment levels in the same periods in 2013. Value-added sales to the energy market softened in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013, but were higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013 due to a stronger first quarter 2014.

Gross margin was $49.8 million, or 17% of sales, in the second quarter 2014 versus $46.0 million, or 15% of sales, in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin in the first half of 2014 was $95.3 million, or 17% of sales, compared to $94.3 million, or 16% of sales, in the first half of 2013. Gross margin as a percent of value-added sales was 31% in the second quarter 2014 and 30% in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin was 31% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 2013.

The higher value-added sales provided a benefit to gross margins in the second quarter 2014. The change in product mix was unfavorable in the second quarter 2014 as compared to the second quarter 2013 largely due to mix shifts within our Performance Alloys and Beryllium and Composites businesses. The change in product mix was favorable for the first half of 2014 as compared to the first half of 2013 due to a strong mix in the first quarter 2014 resulting in part from various high margin shipments for defense and science applications.

Improved yields and manufacturing efficiencies were made within the precious metal refining operations, which provided a margin benefit in the first half of 2014. Operating costs and input material costs were higher at the Elmore, Ohio facility in the second quarter 2014. This facility supports both the Performance Alloys and Beryllium and Composites businesses. Manufacturing overhead costs in the second quarter 2014 were unchanged from the second quarter 2013 and 4% higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. Gross margin in the first half of 2014 was adversely impacted by the severe weather in the first quarter 2014, which caused lost production time and other inefficiencies at several of our facilities..

The facility consolidation and product line rationalization program that was initiated in the fourth quarter 2012 was substantially completed in the fourth quarter 2013, although we spent $0.6 million in the first quarter 2014 for employee retentions, clean-up costs and other miscellaneous items (with $0.1 million recorded in cost of sales and $0.5 million recorded against selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses). Facility closure costs totaled $0.6 million in the first half of 2013, all of which was expensed in the first quarter 2013. Savings from this program in the second quarter 2014 relative to the second quarter 2013 totaled an estimated $3.4 million, with $2.1 million related to reduced cost of sales and $1.3 million related to reduced SG&A

16



expenses. For the first half of 2014, the estimated cost savings were $6.6 million, with $3.9 million related to reduced cost of sales and $2.7 million related to reduced SG&A expenses.

SG&A expenses were $34.7 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $33.3 million in the second quarter 2013. SG&A expenses were $65.9 million in the first half of 2014, a slight decrease from the expense total of $66.1 million in the first half of 2013. SG&A expenses were 12% of sales in the first half of 2014 and 11% of sales in the first half of 2013. SG&A expenses were 22% of value-added sales in both the first half of 2014 and the first half of 2013.

Retirement costs under the domestic defined benefit pension plan and the domestic retiree medical plan were $1.6 million lower in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 and $3.2 million in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013 due to changes in the discount rates, actuarial differences, changes to the plan design and other factors. The lower expense was recorded mainly in SG&A expenses and cost of sales.

The incentive compensation expense under cash-based plans was $2.6 million higher in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 and $2.6 million higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. The increase was caused by differences in the projected level of annual profit relative to the plans' targets in each year and other factors.

Stock-based compensation expense totaled $1.6 million in the second quarter 2014 and $1.5 million in the second quarter 2013. Stock-based compensation expense in the first half of 2014 was $3.0 million compared to $2.7 million in the first half of 2013. Movements in stock-based compensation between periods may be caused by differences in the number of unvested grants, the fair value of the grants and other items.

Selling and marketing expenses increased in the second quarter and first half of 2014 in portions of our business in order to support our market development plans.

Various corporate costs were higher in the first half 2014 than the first half of 2013, including legal (partially as a result of the costs associated with the precious metal insurance claim) and health and safety (driven by a large one-time study).

Research and development (R&D) expenses were $3.4 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $3.2 million in the second quarter 2013 and $6.2 million in the first half of 2014 compared to $6.7 million in the first half of 2013. R&D expenses were approximately 1% of sales in the first half of 2014 and 2013. The change in expense levels between periods was primarily due to differences in project work, the timing of activities and changes in manpower.

Other-net was income of $2.9 million in the second quarter 2014 and $2.5 million in the first half of 2014. In 2013, other-net was an expense of $3.0 million in the second quarter and of $5.4 million in the first half of the year. The main causes for the change between periods were a favorable insurance settlement in the second quarter 2014 and a gain on the sale of used equipment in the first quarter 2014 offset in part by higher currency exchange and translation losses in both quarters of 2014.

During the second quarter 2014, we reached a favorable agreement with our insurance provider that resulted in the payment of $6.8 million to us in satisfaction of our theft claim associated with the precious metal inventory loss at our Albuquerque, New Mexico facility in the fourth quarter 2012. The agreement with the insurance carrier also allows us to retain any future recoveries from the responsible parties.

As part of the plant consolidation program, we sold used equipment with little future value to us for a $2.6 million gain in the first quarter 2014.

These benefits were partially offset by higher net foreign currency exchange and translation losses of $0.8 million in the second quarter 2014 and $1.6 million in the first half of 2014 than the respective periods of 2013 as a result of the movement in the value of the U.S. dollar versus certain other currencies and their impact on transactions and balances and in relation to the strike prices in currency hedge contracts.

Other-net expense also includes metal consignment fees, amortization expense, bad debt expense, cash discounts and other items. See Note G to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

Operating profit was $14.6 million in the second quarter 2014, an improvement of $8.0 million over the operating profit of $6.6 million in the second quarter 2013. The improvement in profit was due to the increased margin (which resulted from the higher value-added sales and other factors), savings from the plant consolidation program, lower retirement plan costs, the favorable insurance settlement and other factors, offset in part by an increase in incentive compensation, currency exchange and

17



translation losses and other items. Operating profit was 5% of sales in the second quarter 2014 and 2% of sales in the second quarter 2013 and 9% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 4% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

Operating profit of $25.6 million (5% of sales) in the first half of 2014 was 59% higher than operating profit of $16.1 million (3% of sales) in the first half of 2013. Operating profit was 8% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 5% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

Interest expense - net was $0.7 million in the second quarter 2014, down slightly from the expense of $0.8 million in the second quarter 2013. Interest expense-net was $1.4 million in the first half of 2014 compared to $1.6 million in the first half of 2013. The lower net interest expense was mainly due to a decrease in the average outstanding debt level.

Income before income taxes and income tax expense for the second quarter and first half of 2014 and 2013 were as follows:
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Dollars in millions)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Income before income taxes
 
$
13.9

 
$
5.7

 
$
24.3

 
$
14.4

Income tax expense
 
3.9

 
1.6

 
7.0

 
3.5

Effective tax rate
 
28.2
%
 
27.7
%
 
28.7
%
 
24.2
%

The effects of percentage depletion, the production deduction, foreign source income and credits, state and local taxes and other items were major factors for the difference between the effective and statutory rates in the second quarter and first half of 2014 and 2013.

The tax expense for the first half of 2013 included a net discrete tax benefit of $0.6 million recorded in the first quarter 2013 that primarily represented the estimated full value of the research and experimentation credit for 2012 as the U.S. Congress did not extend the credit for 2012 and 2013 until January 2013. Congress has not extended the credit for 2014 and, therefore, no benefit has been recorded in the current year.

Net income was $10.0 million (or $0.47 per share, diluted) in the second quarter 2014 compared to $4.2 million (or $0.20 per share, diluted) in the second quarter 2013. Net income was $17.3 million (or $0.82 per share, diluted) in the first half of 2014 versus $10.9 million (or $0.52 per share, diluted) in the first half of 2013.

Segment Results

Results by segment are depicted in Note E to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The All Other column in the segment reporting includes our parent company expenses, other corporate charges and the operating results of Materion Services Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary that provides administrative and financial oversight services to our other businesses on a cost-plus basis.

The operating loss within All Other in the second quarter 2014 was unchanged from the second quarter 2013 and $0.2 million higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. Incurred costs, including incentive compensation, at corporate were higher in the first half of 2014, but the increase was largely offset by an increase in charges out to the business units.

Advanced Material Technologies
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Millions)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Sales
 
$
179.1

 
$
196.0

 
$
342.3

 
$
389.9

Value-added sales
 
69.9

 
65.2

 
135.5

 
133.9

Operating profit
 
11.5

 
(2.3
)
 
19.1

 
1.1


Advanced Material Technologies manufactures precious, non-precious and specialty metal products, including vapor deposition targets, frame lid assemblies, clad and precious metal preforms, high temperature braze materials, ultra-fine wire, advanced chemicals, optics, performance coatings and microelectronic packages. These products are used in wireless, semiconductor, photonic, hybrid and other microelectronic applications within the consumer electronics and telecommunications infrastructure markets. Other key markets for these products include medical, defense and science, energy and industrial components. Advanced Material Technologies also has metal cleaning operations and in-house refineries that allow for the reclaim

18



of precious metals from internally generated or customers’ scrap. This segment has domestic facilities in New York, Connecticut, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Massachusetts and California and international facilities in Asia and Europe.
Sales from Advanced Material Technologies were $179.1 million in the second quarter 2014, a decline of $16.9 million, or 9%, from sales of $196.0 million in the second quarter 2013. Sales of $342.3 million in the first half of 2014 were $47.6 million, or 12%, lower than sales of $389.9 million in the first half of 2013. Lower pass-through metal prices accounted for an estimated $6.6 million of the decline in sales in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013 and $31.0 million of the decline in sales in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. The balance of the sales decline was due to differences in volumes shipped and the quantity of customer-supplied metal.

Value-added sales were $69.9 million in the second quarter 2014, a 7% increase from value-added sales of $65.2 million in the second quarter 2013. Value-added sales of $135.5 million in the first half of 2014 were $1.6 million, or 1%, higher than value-added sales of $133.9 million in the first half of 2013.

Consumer electronics is Advanced Material Technologies' largest market, accounting for approximately 40% of the segment's value-added sales in the first half of 2014. Value-added sales to this market grew 16% in the second quarter 2014 over the second quarter 2013 and 11% in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013. The growth was primarily due to a combination of higher shipments for semiconductor, LED, gaming systems and other applications.

Value-added sales to the medical market, primarily precious metal-coated precision polymer films, improved 18% in the second quarter 2014 over the second quarter 2013. Value-added sales to this market were 1% higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. The comparison between value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 and the second quarter 2013 is affected by manufacturing issues at a key vendor that caused a temporary shipment delay in the second quarter 2013. Medical market value-added sales in the second quarter 2013 were the lowest quarter of that year. Value-added sales to the medical market in the second quarter 2014 also improved 9% over the first quarter 2014. The medical market is this segment's second largest market, accounting for approximately 19% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2014.

Value-added sales from refining and shield kit cleaning operations improved 25% in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013 and 6% in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. The level of value-added sales from these operations is partially a function of the ounces in the supply chain available to be reclaimed, the purity levels of those ounces and the current precious metal prices.

Defense value-added sales declined approximately 33% in the second quarter 2014 and 36% in the first half of 2014 from the comparable periods in 2013. The decline was largely due to lower shipments of optics as a result of government spending cut-backs. Value-added sales to the energy and telecommunications infrastructure markets also declined slightly in the second quarter and first half of 2014 from the respective periods in 2013. Automotive electronics value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 were unchanged from the second quarter 2013 but lower in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013 due to weaker sales of optics in the first quarter 2014.

Gross margin generated by Advanced Material Technologies was $25.5 million, or 14% of sales in the second quarter 2014, compared to $19.2 million, or 10% of sales, in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin grew from $44.2 million, or 11% of sales, in the first half of 2013 to $49.0 million, or 14% of sales in the first half of 2014. Gross margin was 37% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 compared 30% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin was 36% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014, an improvement from 33% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

The increased gross margin in the second quarter and first half of 2014 compared to the respective periods of 2013 was partially due to process improvements that resulted in higher yields and manufacturing efficiencies in the precious metal refining operations at the Buffalo, New York facility.

Gross margin also grew in the second quarter 2014 over the second quarter 2013 as a result of the higher value-added sales. The higher value-added sales had a minor impact on gross margin in the first half of 2014. The change in product mix was favorable in both the second quarter and first half of 2014 compared to the same periods in 2013.

The previously discussed plant consolidation savings favorably impacted this segment’s gross margins and total expenses in the second quarter and first half of 2014.

Total SG&A, R&D and other-net expenses were $14.3 million (8% of sales) in the second quarter 2014 compared to $21.5 million (11% of sales) in the second quarter 2013 and $29.9 million (9% of sales) in the first half of 2014 compared to $43.1

19



million (11% of sales) in the first half of 2013. Expenses were 22% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 31% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

The previously discussed $6.8 million insurance settlement had a favorable impact on this segment’s net expenses in the second quarter and first half of 2014. The total expense in the first half of 2014 also included the previously discussed benefit of the $2.6 million gain on the sale of equipment as part of the plant consolidation program.

Offsetting a portion of the impact of these one-time benefits was an increase in incentive compensation expense in the second quarter and first half of 2014 over the respective periods of 2013 due to the improved profitability. Corporate charges also were higher in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the comparable periods in the prior year. The metal consignment fee was slightly higher in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 after being flat in the first quarter 2014 with the first quarter 2013.

Advanced Material Technologies generated an operating profit of $11.5 million in the second quarter 2014, an improvement of $13.8 million over the operating loss of $2.3 million in the second quarter 2013. Operating profit was $19.1 million (6% of sales) in the first half of 2014 compared to $1.1 million (less than 1% of sales) in the first half of 2013. Operating profit was 14% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 1% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.
Performance Alloys
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Millions)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Sales
 
$
76.7

 
$
74.3

 
$
143.4

 
$
148.9

Value-added sales
 
63.5

 
58.8

 
118.1

 
118.1

Operating profit
 
5.2

 
6.9

 
8.8

 
14.1


Performance Alloys manufactures and sells three main product families:

Strip products, the largest of the product families, include thin gauge precision strip and thin diameter rod and wire. These copper and nickel alloys provide a combination of high conductivity, high reliability and formability for use as connectors, contacts, switches, relays and shielding. Major markets for strip products include consumer electronics, telecommunications infrastructure, automotive electronics, appliance and medical;

Bulk products are copper and nickel-based alloys manufactured in plate, rod, bar, tube and other customized forms that, depending upon the application, may provide superior strength, corrosion or wear resistance, thermal conductivity or lubricity. Applications for bulk products include oil and gas drilling components, bearings, bushings, welding rods, plastic mold tooling and undersea telecommunications housing equipment. Major markets for bulk products include industrial components, commercial aerospace, energy and telecommunications infrastructure; and,

Beryllium hydroxide is produced at our milling operations in Utah from our bertrandite mine and purchased beryl ore. The hydroxide is used primarily as a raw material input for strip and bulk products and, to a lesser extent, by the Beryllium and Composites segment. Sales of hydroxide are also made on a limited basis.

Strip and bulk products are manufactured at facilities in Ohio and Pennsylvania and are distributed internationally through a network of company-owned service centers and outside distributors and agents.

Sales by Performance Alloys of $76.7 million in the second quarter 2014 were 3% higher than sales of $74.3 million in the second quarter 2013, while sales of $143.4 million in the first half of 2014 were 4% lower than sales of $148.9 in the first half of 2013. Copper prices on average were lower in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the comparable periods of 2013 and resulted in an estimated $1.5 million reduction in sales in the second quarter 2014 and $2.7 million reduction in the first half of 2014.

The sales growth in the second quarter 2014 was largely due to higher sales of beryllium hydroxide. Sales of beryllium hydroxide totaled $3.8 million in the second quarter 2014 and $6.3 million in the first half of 2014. Beryllium hydroxide sales totaled $5.7 million in the first half of 2013, all of which occurred in the first quarter of that year. The difference in sales between the second quarter and first half of 2014 with the respective periods of 2013 was mainly due to timing, as the shipping schedule changed to a quarterly basis in 2014 from a semi-annual basis in previous years.

20




Total volumes of strip and bulk products shipped in the second quarter 2014 were 3% lower than the second quarter 2013. Volumes improved in the second quarter 2014 over the first quarter 2014, growing 13%. Total strip and bulk volumes shipped were 6% lower in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013, although shipments of ToughMet® products, our non-beryllium-containing alloy manufactured in strip and bulk forms, improved 13% in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013.

Performance Alloys' value-added sales were $63.5 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $58.8 million in the second quarter 2013. Value-added sales in the first half of 2014 of $118.1 million were unchanged from the value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

Sales to the consumer electronics market, Performance Alloys’ largest market, grew 29% in the second quarter 2014 and 27% in the first half of 2014 over the respective periods of 2013. The growth was partially due to increased shipments for camera stabilization applications in tablets.

Value-added sales to the industrial components market improved 8% in the second quarter 2014 over the second quarter 2013, primarily due to increased shipments for foundry and fire sprinkler applications. Value-added sales to this market were 8% lower in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013 partially as a result of the lower mining activity in the first quarter 2014. Value-added sales to the energy market, primarily bulk products for oil and gas well applications, increased in the second quarter and first half of 2014 over the same periods in 2013 due to new well head applications and other factors.

Value-added sales to the automotive electronics market, primarily strip products, were 26% lower in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 and 17% lower in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013 as a result of excess inventory in the supply chain and other factors. Value-added sales to the telecommunications infrastructure market also were lower in each of the first two quarters of 2014 than the first two quarters of 2013 as softer value-added sales of undersea repeater housing components due to project funding delays more than offset the growth in connector value-added sales for 4G applications in Asia. Value-added sales to the telecommunications infrastructure market improved in the second quarter 2014 over the first quarter 2014.

In the fourth quarter 2013, we announced a price increase effective January 1, 2014. This announcement may have affected customers’ purchasing patterns in the fourth quarter 2013 and first quarter 2014.

The gross margin on Performance Alloys' sales totaled $18.6 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $17.8 million in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin was 24% of sales in both quarters and 29% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2014 compared to 30% of value-added sales in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin was $34.1 million, or 24% sales, in the first half of 2014 and $35.1 million, also 24% of sales, in the first half of 2013. Gross margin was 29% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 30% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

The net volume impact from the higher hydroxide value-added sales offset in part by the lower strip and bulk value-added sales provided a small benefit to gross margin in the second quarter 2014 as compared to the second quarter 2013. The change in product mix was unfavorable in the second quarter and first half of 2014 relative to the comparable periods in 2013. Operating costs were higher at the Elmore facility in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 due to differences in plant performance. Manufacturing overhead costs were lower in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the same periods in 2013. The severe winter weather in the first quarter 2014 unfavorably impacted plant operations and reduced gross margins in the first half of 2014.

Total SG&A, R&D and other-net expenses were $13.4 million (17% of sales) in the second quarter 2014 compared to $10.9 million (15% of sales) in the second quarter 2013. These expenses totaled $25.3 million (18% of sales) in the first half of 2014 and $21.0 million (14% of sales) in the first half of 2013. They also were 21% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 18% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

The differences in foreign currency exchange and translation gains and losses was a major cause in the increase in expenses in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the same periods of 2013. R&D expenses were also higher in the second quarter and first half of 2014, due to an increase in project work, additional manpower costs and patent development costs. Selling and marketing expenses increased in the first half of 2014 due to additions to manpower. Corporate charges were also higher in each of the first two quarters of 2014 than the first two quarters of 2013.

Performance Alloys generated an operating profit of $5.2 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to $6.9 million in the second quarter 2013. Operating profit was $8.8 million in the first half of 2014, down $5.3 million from the operating profit of $14.1 million in the first half of 2013. Operating profit was 6% of sales in the first half 2014 and the 9% of sales in the first

21



half of 2013. Operating profit was also 7% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 12% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.
Beryllium and Composites
(Millions)
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Sales
 
$
16.6

 
$
16.2

 
$
32.1

 
$
28.5

Operating profit (loss)
 
(1.8
)
 
0.8

 
(0.7
)
 
(0.5
)

Beryllium and Composites manufactures beryllium-based metals and metal matrix composites in rod, sheet, foil and a variety of customized forms. These materials are used in applications that require high stiffness and/or low density and they tend to be premium-priced due to their unique combination of properties. The acquisition of Aerospace Metal Composites Limited (AMC) in the first quarter 2012 provides a complementary family of non-beryllium-based alloys and composites. This segment also manufactures beryllia ceramic products. Defense is the largest market for Beryllium and Composites, while other markets served include industrial components, medical, science, commercial aerospace, energy and telecommunications infrastructure. Products are also sold for acoustics, optical scanning and performance automotive applications. Manufacturing facilities for Beryllium and Composites are located in Ohio, California, Arizona and England.

Sales by Beryllium and Composites of $16.6 million in the second quarter 2014 were $0.4 million, or 3%, higher than sales of $16.2 million in the second quarter of 2013, while sales of $32.1 million in the first half of 2014 were $3.6 million, or 13%, higher than sales of $28.5 million in the second half of 2013. Beryllium and Composites does not directly pass through changes in the costs of its materials sold, so under our definition, sales and value-added sales for this segment are the same.

Sales to the medical market grew 15% in the second quarter 2014 and 24% in the first half of 2014 over the respective prior year periods. The growth was due to traditional x-ray window applications and emerging nuclear medical applications. Sequentially, medical market sales increased significantly in the second quarter 2014 over the first quarter 2014.

Sales to the science market were slightly higher in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 and $2.2 million higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. The growth in the first half of 2014 was due to a sale of a beam pipe for the Large Hadron Collider in the first quarter 2014. We produce a beam pipe for this application approximately once every twelve to eighteen months.

Sales to the telecommunications infrastructure market, a smaller market for Beryllium and Composites, grew 50% in both the second quarter and first half of 2014 over the comparable periods in 2013 largely due to improved demand for ceramic products.

The growth in sales to these markets in the second quarter 2014 was partially offset by lower defense market sales. Sales to the defense market, which accounted for 28% of total segment sales in the second quarter 2014, declined 16% in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013 and 11% in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. A portion of the lower sales was due to planned shipments in the second quarter 2014 that were pushed out to the third quarter 2014 due to manufacturing delays and other issues.

Sales to the industrial components market were down slightly in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013, but slightly higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013.

The gross margin on Beryllium and Composites' sales was $2.7 million (16% of sales) in the second quarter 2014 and $4.5 million (28% of sales) in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin in the first half of 2014 was $7.6 million (24% of sales) compared to $7.3 million (26% of sales) in the first half of 2013. While sales volumes were higher in the second quarter of 2014 than the second quarter of 2013, the favorable impact of the increased volume on gross margin was more than offset by an unfavorable change in product mix, higher input material costs and an increase in operating and overhead costs.

Beryllium and Composites operates in a make-to-order environment and sells a variety of specialized products that are typically unique to a given customer. The product mix therefore can change from period to period and have a significant impact on gross margins. The product mix in the second quarter 2014 was weaker than the product mix in the second quarter 2013. The change in product mix was favorable in the first half of 2014 as compared to the first half of 2013 due to a strong product mix in the first quarter 2014, driven by various science and defense shipments.

22




In the second quarter and first half of 2013, we were able to reclaim and utilize recycled materials that reduced input material costs and improved gross margins in those periods. Due to the limited availability of recycled materials to be reclaimed and other factors, the benefit from utilizing this material flow was minor and our average material input cost was higher in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than in the same periods of 2013.

We also are utilizing more of the output from the beryllium pebble facility at the Elmore, Ohio plant site to satisfy our internal production demands in 2014. The operating cost of the pebble plant is currently higher than the purchased beryllium cost utilized in prior periods. The pebble plant is designed to provide a consistent supply of beryllium as the availability of beryllium from external sources in future periods may be limited. Improvements have been made in the pebble plant, but its operating costs remained high during the first half of 2014. As efficiencies and improvements to the process are made and volumes increase further, the cost per pound of the material produced by the plant will decline and become more competitive with the historical purchased price of beryllium.

Manufacturing overhead costs were higher in the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the respective periods of 2013 partially due to higher activity levels. Overhead costs were higher in the first half of 2014 partially as a result of the impact of the severe weather in the first quarter 2014.

SG&A, R&D and other-net expenses for Beryllium and Composites were $4.5 million in the second quarter 2014, an increase of $0.8 million from the second quarter 2013. These expenses totaled $8.2 million (26% of sales) in the first half of 2014 compared to $7.7 million (27% of sales) in the first half of 2013. R&D expenses were higher in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 due to an increase in project work, but were unchanged in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. Corporate charges were higher in both the second quarter and first half of 2014 than the same periods in 2013. Selling expenses, primarily manpower-related costs, were also higher in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013.

Beryllium and Composites had an operating loss of $1.8 million in the second quarter 2014 compared to an operating profit of $0.8 million in the second quarter 2013. In the first half of 2014, Beryllium and Composites lost $0.7 million compared to an operating loss of $0.5 million in the first half of 2013.
Technical Materials
 
 
Second Quarter Ended
 
First Half Ended
 
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
 
Jun. 27,
 
Jun. 28,
(Millions)
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Sales
 
$
15.5

 
$
19.6

 
$
29.1

 
$
38.0

Value-added sales
 
9.6

 
12.3

 
18.8

 
23.3

Operating profit
 
1.0

 
2.4

 
1.1

 
3.8


Technical Materials’ capabilities include clad inlay and overlay metals, precious and base metal electroplated systems, electron beam welded systems, contour profiled systems and solder-coated metal systems. These specialty strip metal products provide a variety of thermal, electrical or mechanical properties from a surface area or particular section of the material. Our cladding and plating capabilities allow for a precious metal or other base metal to be applied in continuous strip form only where it is needed, reducing the material cost to the customer as well as providing design flexibility and performance. Major applications for these products include connectors, contacts, power lead frames and semiconductors, while the largest markets are automotive electronics and consumer electronics. The energy and medical markets are smaller but offer further growth opportunities. Technical Materials’ products are manufactured at our Rhode Island facility.

Sales from Technical Materials of $15.5 million in the second quarter 2014 were 21% lower than sales of $19.6 million in the second quarter 2013. Sales in the first half of 2014 of $29.1 million were 24% lower than sales of $38.0 million in the first half of 2013. The decline in sales was primarily in inlay and selective plated products.

Value-added sales of $9.6 million in the second quarter 2014 were 22% lower than value-added sales of $12.3 million in the second quarter 2013, while value-added sales of $18.8 million in the first half of 2014 were 20% below value-added sales of $23.3 million in the first half of 2013.

Value-added sales to the automotive electronics market declined 27% in the second quarter 2014 from the second quarter 2013 and 25% in the first half of 2014 from the first half of 2013. The decline was largely due to softer market conditions and key customers working down existing inventories.

23




Value-added sales to the consumer electronics market were 41% lower in the second quarter 2014 than the second quarter 2013 and 44% lower in the first half of 2014 than the first half of 2013. The decline was partially due to the phase-out of a disk drive application due to changes in technologies in the first half of 2013. Consumer electronics value-added sales in the first half of 2014 were only 4% lower than in the second half of 2013.

Value-added sales to the energy market were relatively flat in the second quarter 2014 compared to the second quarter 2013 but were up 38% in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013 primarily due to new product development efforts. Value-added sales to this segment’s other smaller markets also grew in the first half of 2014 over the first half of 2013.

New products accounted for approximately 20% of Technical Materials’ value-added sales in the second quarter 2014.

The gross margin on Technical Materials' sales was $3.1 million, or 20% of sales, in the second quarter 2014 compared to $4.6 million, or 24% of sales, in the second quarter 2013. Gross margin for this segment was $5.1 million, or 18% of sales, in the first half of 2014 and $8.2 million, or 22% of sales, in the first half of 2013. Gross margin was also 27% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 35% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013.

The lower gross margin in the second quarter 2014 and first half of 2014 compared to the respective periods of the prior year was largely due to the lower value-added sales. The change in product mix was also unfavorable in the second quarter and first half of 2014 and contributed to the lower gross margin. The impact of these items was partially offset by lower manufacturing overhead costs in the second quarter and first half of 2014 compared to the same periods of 2013 as a result of the reduced activity levels and cost control efforts.

SG&A, R&D and other-net expenses totaled $2.1 million in the second quarter 2014, down slightly from the total expenses of $2.2 million in the second quarter 2013. Theses expenses totaled $4.0 million (14% of sales) in the first half of 2014 compared to $4.4 million (12% of sales) in the first half of 2013. Expenses were 21% of value-added sales in the first half of 2014 and 19% of value-added sales in the first half of 2013. The lowe