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10-K - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPibal10k12513.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPR33.htm
EX-32.2 - CERTIFICATION - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPex322.htm
EX-31.2 - I, WILLIAM E. NIELSEN, CERTIFY THAT: - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPex312.htm
EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPex321.htm
EX-31.1 - I, ROGER GRIFFIN, CERTIFY THAT: - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPex311.htm
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - INTERNATIONAL BALER CORPFinancial_Report.xls
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v2.4.0.6
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Oct. 31, 2012
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

(a) Use of Estimates 

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include allowances for doubtful accounts, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of inventory, and estimates for warranty claims. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

(b) Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of the statements of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, bank demand accounts and money market accounts having original maturities of less than three months.

(c) Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Trade accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts for estimated losses inherent in its accounts receivable. The Company reviews its allowance for doubtful accounts monthly including the analysis of historical trends, customer credit worthiness and the aging of receivables. In addition, past due balances are reviewed individually for collectibility. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote.

(d) Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined by a method that approximates the first-in, first-out method. Work in process and finished goods are valued based on underlying costs to manufacture balers which include direct materials, direct and indirect labor, and overhead. The Company reviews inventory for obsolescence on a regular basis.

 

(e) Property, Plant, and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation. The cost of property, plant, and equipment is depreciated over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Depreciation is computed primarily using the straight-line method over the estimated lives of 5-20 years for machinery and equipment and 31-40 years for buildings.

The Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized by the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. Assets to be disposed of by sale are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell, and depreciation ceases.

 

(f) Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

The Company recognizes the effect of income tax positions only if those positions are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized income tax positions are measured at the largest amount that is greater than 50% likely of being realized. Changes in recognition or measurement are reflected in the period in which the change in judgement occurs.

The Company records interest related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in selling, general, and administrative expenses.

(g) Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue when finished products and/or parts are shipped and the customer takes ownership and assumes the risk of loss. Revenue from installation services is recognized on completion of the service. The Company recognizes revenue from repair services in the period in which the service is provided.

 

(h) Warranties and Service

The Company typically warrants its products for one (1) year from the date of sale as to materials and six (6) months as to labor, and offers services for other required repairs and maintenance. Service is rendered by repairing or replacing parts at the Company’s Jacksonville, Florida, facility, by on-site service provided by Company personnel who are based in Jacksonville, Florida, or by local service agents who are engaged as needed. The Company maintains an accrued liability for expected warranty claims. The warranty accrual is based on historical warranty costs, the quantity and type of balers currently under warranty, and known warranty issues.

  

Following is a tabular reconciliation of the changes in the warranty accrual for the for the years ended October 31, 2012 and 2011:

 

    2012    2011 
Beginning balance  $54,859   $49,859 
Warranty service provided   (249,449)   (161,455)
New product warranties   238,654    139,782 
Changes to pre-existing warranty accruals   15,936    26,673 
Ending balance  $60,000   $54,859 

 

 

(i) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each year. Diluted earnings per share includes the net number of shares that would be issued upon the exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method. Options are not considered in loss years as they would be anti-dilutive. The dilutive impact of options outstanding was -0- shares and 59,969 shares for the years ended October 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

(j) Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes all stock-based compensation as an expense in the financial statements measured at the fair value of the award at the grant date. In June 2002, the Company granted 250,000 nonqualified stock options to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. These options, which vested immediately, have an exercise price of $0.30 and a term of 10 years. The Company has no remaining authorized shares available for grant under existing stock option plans. As of October 31, 2012, the Company has no options outstanding to grant under previously authorized plans and no options were issued during the years ended October 31, 2012 or 2011. As all options were fully vested, there was no impact on net income for the years ended October 31, 2012 and 2011. The stock options issued in 2002 were exercised in April, 2011 and 250,000 shares of common stock were issued.

(k) Business Reporting Segments

The Company operates in one segment based on the information monitored by the Company’s operating decision makers to manage the business.

(l) Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and customer deposits, approximate their fair value due to the short-term nature of these assets and liabilities. The carrying amount of deferred compensation approximates fair value, based on current rates available to the Company for loans with similar maturities.