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EX-31.2 - CFO 302 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exh31-2.htm
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EX-10.19 - MANAGEMENT INCENTIVE BONUS PLAN - 8X8 INC /DE/exh10-19.htm
EX-31.1 - CEO 302 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exh31-1.htm
EX-32.1 - CEO 906 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exh32-1.htm
EX-32.2 - CFO 906 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exh32-2.htm
10-Q - 10-Q - 8X8 INC /DE/form10-q.pdf
EX-10.19 - MANAGEMENT INCENTIVE BONUS PLAN - 8X8 INC /DE/exhibit10-19.pdf
EX-31.1 - CEO 302 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exhibit31-1.pdf
EX-31.2 - CFO 302 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exhibit31-2.pdf
EX-32.1 - CEO 906 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exhibit32-1.pdf
EX-32.2 - CFO 906 CERTIFICATE - 8X8 INC /DE/exhibit32-2.pdf
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-Q


[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2012

OR

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________to _________

Commission file number 000-21783

8X8, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware
77-0142404
  (State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

2125 O'Nel Drive
San Jose, CA    95131

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(408) 727-1885
(Registrant's Telephone Number, including Area Code)

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    x YES      ¨ NO   

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     YES  x     NO  ¨

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer    ¨

Accelerated filer    x

Non-accelerated filer    ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company    ¨

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES    ¨        NO    x

      The number of shares of the Registrant's Common Stock outstanding as of January 23, 2013 was 71,847,417.



FORM 10-Q     PDF as a courtesy
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION Page No.
     
Item 1. Financial Statements:
 
     
           Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2012
3
     
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and nine
           months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011
4
     
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and nine
           months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011
5
     
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine
           months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011
6
     
           Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
7
     
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
18
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
24
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
25
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
25
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors
25
     
Item 6. Exhibits
26
     
Signature
27

2


Part I -- FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, unaudited)

      December 31,         March 31,    
      2012     2012
ASSETS            
Current assets:            
     Cash and cash equivalents   $ 44,557    $ 22,426 
     Short-term investments     1,965      1,942 
     Accounts receivable, net     3,605      2,279 
     Inventory     573      581 
     Deferred cost of goods sold     140      122 
     Deferred tax asset     284      7,730 
     Other current assets     736      806 
          Total current assets     51,860      35,886 
Property and equipment, net     6,922      3,820 
Intangible assets, net     10,551      11,622 
Goodwill     25,150      25,150 
Non-current deferred tax asset     54,065      53,977 
Other assets     395      278 
               Total assets   $ 148,943    $ 130,733 
             
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY            
Current liabilities:            
     Accounts payable   $ 5,170    $ 5,476 
     Accrued compensation     3,768      3,105 
     Accrued warranty     422      387 
     Accrued taxes     1,967      1,472 
     Deferred revenue     952      891 
     Other accrued liabilities     791      884 
          Total current liabilities     13,070      12,215 
             
Non-current liabilities     1,894      68 
               Total liabilities     14,964      12,283 
             
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)            
             
Stockholders' equity:            
     Common stock     72      71 
     Additional paid-in capital     244,782      241,555 
     Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)     (35)     (58)
     Accumulated deficit     (110,840)     (123,118)
          Total stockholders' equity     133,979      118,450 
               Total liabilities and stockholders' equity   $ 148,943    $ 130,733 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts; unaudited)

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Service revenue   $ 24,958    $ 21,200    $ 72,307    $ 56,234 
Product revenue     2,382      2,078      6,656      5,370 
          Total revenue     27,340      23,278      78,963      61,604 
                         
Operating expenses:                        
     Cost of service revenue     5,473      4,890      16,984      12,764 
     Cost of product revenue     3,203      2,584      8,585      7,467 
     Research and development     2,117      1,955      5,973      4,902 
     Sales and marketing     11,651      9,816      33,202      27,076 
     General and administrative     2,136      1,481      6,270      4,372 
     Gain on patent sale             (11,965)    
          Total operating expenses     24,580      20,726      59,049      56,581 
Income from operations     2,760      2,552      19,914      5,023 
Other income, net     73      49      90      58 
Income before provision (benefit) for income taxes     2,833      2,601      20,004      5,081 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes     913      15      7,726      (284)
Net income   $ 1,920    $ 2,586    $ 12,278    $ 5,365 
                         
Net income per share:                        
     Basic   $ 0.03    $ 0.04    $ 0.17    $ 0.08 
     Diluted   $ 0.03    $ 0.04    $ 0.16    $ 0.08 
Weighted average number of shares:                        
     Basic     71,611      69,445      71,197      65,165 
     Diluted     74,988      73,214      74,483      69,013 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands, unaudited)

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Net income   $ 1,920   $ 2,586    $ 12,278   $ 5,365 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax                        
     Unrealized gain (loss) on investments in securities     (44)     (8)     23      (15)
Comprehensive income   $ 1,876    $ 2,578    $ 12,301    $ 5,350 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands, unaudited)

      Nine Months Ended
      December 31,
      2012     2011
Cash flows from operating activities:            
Net income   $ 12,278    $ 5,365 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash            
     provided by operating activities:            
          Depreciation     1,816      1,101 
          Amortization     1,071      431 
          Stock-based compensation     1,827      1,013 
          Deferred income tax provision (benefit)     7,359      (336)
          Other     409      130 
Changes in assets and liabilities            
          Accounts receivable, net     (1,700)     (642)
          Inventory     (25)     1,596 
          Other current and noncurrent assets     (48)     405 
          Deferred cost of goods sold     (18)     (6)
          Accounts payable     (38)     (2,059)
          Accrued compensation     663      319 
          Accrued warranty     35      34 
          Accrued taxes and fees     495      (396)
          Deferred revenue     61      (75)
          Other current and noncurrent liabilities     1,806      (472)
          Net cash provided by operating activities     25,991      6,408 
             
Cash flows from investing activities:            
     Purchases of property and equipment     (5,245)     (1,743)
     Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired         (713)
          Net cash used in investing activities     (5,245)     (2,456)
             
Cash flows from financing activities:            
     Capital lease payments     (73)     (273)
     Repurchase of common stock     (285)     (1,038)
     Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs         (60)
     Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock plans     1,743      949 
          Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     1,385      (422)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents     22,131      3,530 
             
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period     22,426      16,474 
Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period   $ 44,557    $ 20,004 
             
Supplemental cash flow information            
     Issuance of common stock in connection with acquisitions   $   $ 31,358 
     Fair value of options assumed in connection with acquisitions         274 
     Acquisition of net assets in connection with acquisitions         372 
     Transfer of net assets in purchase of strategic investment         297 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


8X8, Inc.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS

THE COMPANY

8x8, Inc. ("8x8" or the "Company") develops and markets cloud-based business communications services encompassing internally developed Voice over Internet Protocol ("VoIP") technologies. These services enable telephony and video applications as well as web-based conferencing and unified communications capabilities. The Company also provides managed hosting and cloud-based computing services. As of December 31, 2012, the Company had approximately 31,500 business customers.

The Company was incorporated in California in February 1987 and was reincorporated in Delaware in December 1996. The Company's fiscal year ends on March 31 of each calendar year. Each reference to a fiscal year in these notes to the consolidated financial statements refers to the fiscal year ending March 31 of the calendar year indicated (for example, fiscal 2013 refers to the fiscal year ending March 31, 2013).

2. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared on substantially the same basis as our annual financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012. In the opinion of the Company's management, these financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

The March 31, 2012 year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data in this document were derived from audited consolidated financial statements and do not include all of the disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012 and notes thereto included in the Company's fiscal 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods included in these financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any future period or the entire fiscal year.

VoIP Service and Product Revenue

The Company's VoIP service and product revenue is derived from the sale of communications services and IP business telephones, respectively.

Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 605-25 requires that revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables be divided into separate units of accounting if the deliverables in the arrangement meet specific criteria. In addition, arrangement consideration must be allocated among the separate units of accounting based on their relative fair values, with certain limitations. The provisioning of the 8x8 service with the accompanying 8x8 IP telephone constitutes a revenue arrangement with multiple deliverables. In accordance with the guidance of ASC 605-25, the Company allocates 8x8 revenues, including activation fees, among the 8x8 IP telephones and subscriber services. Revenues allocated to these devices are recognized as product revenues during the period of the sale less the allowance for estimated returns during the 30-day trial period. All other revenues are recognized as license and service revenues when the related services are provided. The Company records revenue net of any sales-related taxes that are billed to its customers. The Company believes this approach results in financial statements that are more easily understood by users.

7


Under the terms of the Company's typical subscription agreement, new customers can terminate their service within 30 days of order placement and receive a full refund of fees previously paid. The Company has determined that it has sufficient history of subscriber conduct to make a reasonable estimate of cancellations within the 30-day trial period. Therefore, the Company recognizes new subscriber revenue in the month in which the new order was shipped, net of an allowance for expected cancellations.

Product Revenue

The Company recognizes revenue from product sales for which there are no related services to be rendered upon shipment to partners and end users provided that persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the price is fixed, title has transferred, collection of resulting receivables is reasonably assured, there are no customer acceptance requirements, and there are no remaining significant obligations. Gross outbound shipping and handling charges are recorded as revenue, and the related costs are included in cost of goods sold. Reserves for returns and allowances for partner and end user sales are recorded at the time of shipment.

Deferred Cost of Goods Sold

Deferred cost of goods sold represents the cost of products sold for which the end customer or distributor has a right of return. The cost of the products sold is recognized contemporaneously with the recognition of revenue, when the subscriber has accepted the service.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

Amortization expense for the customer relationship intangible asset is included in sales and marketing expenses. Amortization expense for technology is included in cost of service revenue. The carrying values of intangible assets were as follows (in thousands):

    December 31, 2012     March 31, 2012
    Gross                 Gross            
    Carrying     Accumulated     Net Carrying     Carrying     Accumulated     Net Carrying
    Amount     Amortization     Amount     Amount     Amortization     Amount
Technology $ 8,242    $ (1,050)   $ 7,192    $ 8,242    $ (432)   $ 7,810 
Customer relationships   3,305      (903)     2,402      3,305      (450)     2,855 
Trade names/domains   957          957      957          957 
Total acquired identifiable                                  
     intangible assets $ 12,504    $ (1,953)   $ 10,551    $ 12,504    $ (882)   $ 11,622 

At December 31, 2012, annual amortization of intangible assets, based upon our existing intangible assets and current useful lives, is estimated to be the following (in thousands):

      Amount
Remaining 2013   $ 357 
2014     1,334 
2015     1,325 
2016     1,325 
2017     1,318 
Thereafter     3,935 
Total   $ 9,594 

8


Deferred Rent

In April 2012, the Company entered into an 87-month lease agreement for its new headquarters. Under the terms of the lease agreement:

  • the Company received a three month rent holiday from rental payments;
  • base rent is $130,821 for the 15 months after the rent holiday; and
  • rent expense increases 3% each year thereafter.

The Company also received a $1.7 million allowance for tenant improvements. In accordance with the guidance in ASC 840-20, Leases, the Company accounts for its headquarters facility operating lease as follows:

Rent Holidays. The Company recognizes the related rent expense on a straight-line basis at the earlier of the first rent payment or the date of possession of the leased property. The difference between the amounts charged to expense and the rent paid is recorded as deferred lease incentives and amortized over the lease term.

Rent Escalations. The Company recognizes escalating rent provisions on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The difference between the amounts charged to expense and the rent paid is recorded as deferred lease incentives and amortized over the lease term.

Tenant Improvement Allowance. The tenant improvement allowance is deferred and amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease as a reduction to rent expense.

In the second quarter of fiscal 2013, the Company received a $1.7 million reimbursement for the cost of tenant improvements that the Company included in cash flows from operating activities. At December 31, 2012, total deferred rent included in Other accrued liabilities and Non-current liabilities was $0.1 million and $1.9 million, respectively.

Stock Purchase Right/Restricted Stock Unit and Option Activity

Stock purchase right/restricted stock unit activity since March 31, 2012 is summarized as follows:

          Weighted     Weighted
          Average     Average
          Grant-Date     Remaining
    Number of     Fair Market     Contractual
    Shares     Value     Term (in Years)
Balance at March 31, 2012   966,400    $ 2.50      2.61 
Granted   409,936      5.65       
Released   (281,938)     2.16       
Forfeited   (80,244)     2.72       
Balance at December 31, 2012   1,014,154    $ 3.85      2.62 

9


Option activity since March 31, 2012 is summarized as follows:

                Weighted
          Shares     Average
    Shares     Subject to     Exercise
    Available     Options     Price
    for Grant     Outstanding     Per Share
Balance at March 31, 2012   375,546      6,034,335    $ 1.90 
     Change in options available for grant   4,100,000         
     Granted - options   (932,000)     932,000      5.80 
     Stock purchase rights/restricted stock units   (409,936)        
     Exercised       (777,487)     1.48 
     Canceled/forfeited   135,133      (135,133)     4.01 
     Termination of plans   (43,004)         -  
Balance at December 31, 2012   3,225,739      6,053,715    $ 2.51 

The following table summarizes the stock options outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2012:

    Options Outstanding   Options Exercisable
          Weighted   Weighted               Weighted      
          Average   Average               Average      
          Exercise   Remaining     Aggregate         Exercise     Aggregate
          Price   Contractual     Intrinsic         Price     Intrinsic
    Shares     Per Share   Life (Years)     Value   Shares     Per Share     Value
$0.55 - $1.26   1,781,500    $ 1.04    5.0    $ 11,299,025    1,781,500    $ 1.04    $ 11,299,025 
$1.27 - $1.72   1,504,919    $ 1.53    2.6      8,806,130    1,504,919    $ 1.53      8,806,130 
$1.73 - $3.35   1,326,608    $ 2.56    5.6      6,396,028    886,007    $ 2.43      4,382,974 
$3.36 - $5.87   1,398,688    $ 5.29    8.9      2,919,012    204,018    $ 5.04      477,705 
$5.88 - $5.89   42,000    $ 5.89    9.8      62,580    1,750    $ 5.89      2,608 
    6,053,715              $ 29,482,775    4,378,194          $ 24,968,442 

10


Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following table summarizes the classification of stock-based compensation expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 (in thousands):

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Cost of service revenues   $ 63    $ 41    $ 149    $ 87 
Cost of product revenues         -           -  
Research and development     125      72      295      176 
Sales and marketing     355      255      979      610 
General and administrative     222      50      403      140 
Total stock-based compensation expense related to                         
     employee stock options and employee stock purchases, pre-tax     765      418      1,827      1,013 
                         
Tax benefit                
Stock based compensation expense related to employee                        
     stock options and employee stock purchases, net of tax   $ 765    $ 418    $ 1,827    $ 1,013 

As of December 31, 2012, there was $7.4 million of unamortized stock-based compensation expense related to unvested options and stock awards which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.14 years.

To value option grants and stock purchase rights/restricted stock units for stock-based compensation, the Company used the Black-Scholes option valuation model. Fair value determined using the Black-Scholes option valuation model varies based on assumptions used for the expected stock price volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rates and future dividend payments. During the three and nine month periods ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company used the historical volatility of the Company's stock over a period equal to the expected life of the options. The expected life assumptions represent the weighted-average period the stock-based awards are expected to remain outstanding. These expected life assumptions are established through the review of historical exercise behavior of stock-based award grants with similar vesting periods. The risk-free interest rate is based on the closing market bid yields on actively traded U.S. treasury securities in the over-the-counter market for the expected term equal to the expected term of the option. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company's history and expectation of future dividend payouts.

The following table summarizes the assumptions used to estimate the fair value of stock options to employees and directors for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011:

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Expected volatility     68%     75%     68%     76%
Expected dividend yield         -           -  
Risk-free interest rate     0.68%     0.44%     0.70%     0.35%
Weighted average expected option term     4.50 years     3.25 years      5.28 years     3.04 years 
Weighted average fair value of options granted   $ 3.18   $ 1.96    $ 3.32   $ 2.20 

11


Employee Stock Purchase Plan

Under the Company's Employee Stock Purchase Plan, eligible employees can participate and purchase common stock semi-annually through payroll deductions at a price equal to 85% of the fair market value of the common stock at the beginning of each one-year offering period or the end of the applicable six-month purchase period within that offering period, whichever is lower. The contribution amount may not exceed 10% of an employee's base compensation, including commissions but not including bonuses and overtime, subject to a calendar year maximum total purchase price per employee of $25,000. The Company accounts for the Employee Stock Purchase Plan as a compensatory plan and recorded compensation expense of $115,000 and $117,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 and $356,000 and $312,000 for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively, in accordance with ASC 718.

The estimated fair value of stock purchase rights granted under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan was estimated at the date of grant using Black-Scholes pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Expected volatility     -       -       34%     68%
Expected dividend yield     -       -           -  
Risk-free interest rate     -       -       0.16%     0.10%
Weighted average expected option term     -       -       0.75 years     0.75 years
Weighted average fair value of options granted   $ -     $ -     $ 1.45   $ 1.49

As of December 31, 2012, there was $84,000 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to employee stock purchases. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 0.5 years.

The future realization of tax benefits related to stock-based compensation is dependent upon the timing of employee exercises and future taxable income, among other factors. The Company did not realize any tax benefit from the stock-based compensation charges incurred during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011.

Segment Reporting

No customer represented greater than 10% of the Company's total revenue for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 or 2011. Revenue from technology licensing and related software and customers outside the United States was not material for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 or 2011.

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3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

The following tables present the Company's fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2012 (in thousands):

    Quoted Prices                  
    in Active                  
    Markets     Other     Significant      
    for Identical     Observable     Unobservable     Balance at
    Assets     Inputs     Inputs     December 31,
    (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)     2012
                       
Cash equivalents:                      
     Money market funds $ 14,373    $ -     $ -     $ 14,373 
                       
Short-term investments:                      
     Mutual funds (1)   -       1,965      -       1,965 
                       
Total $ 14,373    $ 1,965    $ -     $ 16,338 

 

    Quoted Prices                  
    in Active                  
    Markets     Other     Significant      
    for Identical     Observable     Unobservable     Balance at
    Assets     Inputs     Inputs     March 31,
    (Level 1)     (Level 2)     (Level 3)     2012
                       
Cash equivalents:                      
     Money market funds $ 14,366    $ -     $ -     $ 14,366 
                       
Short-term investments:                      
     Mutual funds (1)   -       1,942      -       1,942 
                       
Total $ 14,366    $ 1,942    $ -     $ 16,308 

(1) The fair value of mutual funds is determined based on published net asset values. The Company uses such pricing data as the primary input to make its assessments and determinations as to the ultimate valuation of its investment portfolio.

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4. BALANCE SHEET DETAIL

      December 31,         March 31,    
      2012     2012
Inventory (in thousands):            
     Work-in-process   $ 24   $ 55
     Finished goods     549     526
    $ 573   $ 581

5. NET INCOME PER SHARE

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income available to common stockholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of vested, unrestricted common shares outstanding during the period (denominator). Diluted net income per share is computed on the basis of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. Dilutive potential common shares include shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants and under the employee stock purchase plan.

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
      (in thousands, except per share amounts)     (in thousands, except per share amounts)
Numerator:                        
Net income available to common stockholders   $ 1,920    $ 2,586    $ 12,278    $ 5,365 
                         
Denominator:                        
Common shares     71,611      69,445      71,197      65,165 
                         
Denominator for basic calculation     71,611      69,445      71,197      65,165 
Employee stock options      3,023      3,364      2,947      3,413 
Stock purchase rights     336      385      339      409 
Employee stock purchase plan     18      20          26 
Denominator for diluted calculation      74,988      73,214      74,483      69,013 
                         
Net income per share                        
     Basic    $ 0.03    $ 0.04    $ 0.17    $ 0.08 
     Diluted    $ 0.03    $ 0.04    $ 0.16    $ 0.08 

The following shares attributable to outstanding stock options and stock purchase rights/restricted stock units were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive (in thousands):

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Employee stock options and awards     885      604      878      637 
      885      604      878      637 

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6. INCOME TAXES

For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012, the Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $0.9 million and $7.7 million, respectively, which was primarily attributable to net income from operations, including gain on the sale of patents. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2011, the Company recorded accruals for state gross receipt and franchise taxes and released a portion of its valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset as the Company deemed it was more likely than not it would be used to offset the $0.3 million deferred tax liability recorded in connection with the acquisition of Zerigo. During the period ended December 31, 2011, the provision for income taxes was not significant due to the valuation allowance.

At March 31, 2012, there was $2.5 million of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would have affected the effective tax rate. The Company does not believe that there has been any significant change in the unrecognized tax benefits in the three and nine month periods ended December 31, 2012 and does not believe it is reasonably possible that the unrecognized tax benefit will materially change in the next 12 months. To the extent that the unrecognized tax benefits are ultimately recognized they may have an impact on the effective tax rate in future periods.

The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S., California and various other states and foreign jurisdictions in which it has or had a subsidiary or branch operations or it is collecting sales tax. All tax returns from fiscal 1995 to fiscal 2012 may be subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service, California and various other states. As of January 22, 2013, there were no active federal or state income tax audits. Returns filed in foreign jurisdictions may be subject to examination for the fiscal years 2009 to 2010.

7. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Guarantees

Indemnifications

In the normal course of business, the Company indemnifies other parties, including customers, lessors and parties to other transactions with the Company, with respect to certain matters. Under these arrangements, the Company typically agrees to hold the other party harmless against losses arising from a breach of representations or covenants, intellectual property infringement or other claims made against certain parties. These agreements may limit the time within which an indemnification claim can be made and the amount of the claim. In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its officers and directors.

It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount of the Company's exposure under these indemnification agreements due to the limited history of indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement. Historically, payments made by the Company under these agreements have not had a material impact on the Company's operating results, financial position or cash flows. Under some of these agreements, however, the Company's potential indemnification liability might not have a contractual limit.

15


Product Warranties

The Company accrues for the estimated costs that may be incurred under its product warranties upon revenue recognition. Changes in the Company's product warranty liability, which is included in cost of product revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of income were as follows (in thousands):

      Three Months Ended     Nine Months Ended
      December 31,     December 31,
      2012     2011     2012     2011
Balance at beginning of period   $ 376    $ 391    $ 387    $ 362 
     Accruals for warranties     168      106      445      374 
     Settlements     (122)     (101)     (410)     (340)
Balance at end of period   $ 422    $ 396    $ 422    $ 396 

Minimum Third Party Customer Support Commitments

In the third quarter of fiscal 2010, the Company amended a contract with one of its third party customer support vendors containing a minimum monthly commitment of approximately $430,000. The agreement requires a 150-day notice to terminate. The total remaining obligation under the amended contract is $2.2 million.

Minimum Third Party Network Service Provider Commitments

The Company entered into contracts with multiple vendors for third party network services that expire on various dates in fiscal 2013 through 2016. At December 31, 2012, future minimum annual payments under these third party network service contracts were as follows (in thousands):

Year ending March 31:            
     2013         $ 629 
     2014           2,155 
     2015           1,579 
     2016           52 
          Total minimum payments         $ 4,415 

Legal Proceedings

From time to time, the Company may become involved in various legal claims and litigation that arise in the normal course of its operations. While the results of such claims and litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company is not currently aware of any such matters that it believes would have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

On March 15, 2011, the Company was named as a defendant in a lawsuit, Bear Creek Technologies, Inc. v. 8x8, Inc. et al., along with more than 20 other defendants. On August 17, 2011, the suit against the Company was dismissed without prejudice under Rule 21 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. On August 17, 2011, the Company was sued again by Bear Creek Technologies, Inc. in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The Company filed a motion to dismiss the complaint on October 11, 2011. On May 2, 2012, the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation ordered the suit against the Company and over a dozen related cases, to be coordinated or consolidated for pretrial proceedings.  On August 27, 2012, the Court denied several defendants' motions to dismiss the complaint including the Company's. On October 11, 2012, the Company answered the complaint and alleged three counterclaims as well as affirmative defenses. The Company believes it has factual and legal defenses to these claims and intends to litigate the case vigorously. The Company cannot estimate potential liability or expense in this case at this early stage of litigation.

16


On October 25, 2011, the Company was named a defendant in a lawsuit, Klausner Technologies, Inc. v. Oracle Corporation et al., along with 30 other defendants. On November 1, 2011, Klausner dismissed the complaint voluntarily and filed new complaints separating the defendants, including a new complaint against the Company. The Company filed a motion to dismiss the complaint on February 23, 2012, which was granted in part by the Court on September 11, 2012.  On September 25, 2012, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint to which the Company responded by filing another motion to dismiss on October 11, 2012. That motion as well as another motion for a change in venue filed by the Company on August 23, 2012 are pending. The Company has not answered the complaint and believes it has meritorious defenses to this lawsuit. The Company intends to defend the case vigorously. The Company cannot estimate potential liability or expense in this case at this early stage of litigation.

State and Municipal Taxes

From time to time, the Company has received inquiries from a number of state and municipal taxing agencies with respect to the remittance of taxes. The Company collects or has accrued for taxes that it believes are required to be remitted. The amounts that have been remitted have historically been within the accruals established by the Company.

8. PATENT SALE

On June 22, 2012, the Company entered into a patent purchase agreement and sold a family of patents to a third party for $12.0 million plus a future payment of up to a maximum of $3.0 million based on future license agreements entered into by the third party purchaser. Under the terms and conditions of the patent purchase agreement, the Company has retained certain limited rights to continue to use the patents. The patent purchase agreement contains representations and warranties customary for transactions of this type.

17


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. For example, words such as "may," "will," "should," "estimates," "predicts," "potential," "continue," "strategy," "believes," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Actual results and trends may differ materially from historical results or those projected in any such forward-looking statements depending on a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, customer acceptance and demand for our voice over Internet protocol, or VoIP, telephony products and services, the reliability of our services, the prices for our services, customer renewal rates, customer acquisition costs, actions by our competitors, including price reductions for their telephone services, potential federal and state regulatory actions, compliance costs, potential warranty claims and product defects, our needs for and the availability of adequate working capital, our ability to innovate technologically, the timely supply of products by our contract manufacturers, potential future intellectual property infringement claims that could adversely affect our business and operating results, and our ability to retain our listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market. All forward-looking statements included in this report are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. In addition to those factors discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, see the Risk Factors discussion in Item 1A of our 2012 Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q are made only as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update the forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

We develop and market cloud-based business communications services encompassing internally developed Voice over Internet Protocol ("VoIP") technologies. These services enable telephony and video applications as well as web-based conferencing and unified communications capabilities. We also provide managed hosting and cloud-based computing services. As of December 31, 2012, we had approximately 31,500 business customers. Since fiscal 2004, substantially all of our revenue has been generated from the sale, license and provision of VoIP products, services and technology. Prior to fiscal 2003, our focus was on our VoIP semiconductor business.

Our fiscal year ends on March 31 of each calendar year. Each reference to a fiscal year in this report refers to the fiscal year ending March 31 of the calendar year indicated (for example, fiscal 2013 refers to the fiscal year ending March 31, 2013).

No customer represented greater than 10% of our total revenue for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 and 2011. Revenue from customers outside the United States was not material for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 or 2011.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES & ESTIMATES

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our critical accounting policies and estimates. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Our critical accounting policies and estimates are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012. As of December 31, 2012, there had been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates.

18


RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Item 1 of Part I, "Financial Statements - Note 2 - Basis of Presentation - Recent Accounting Pronouncements."

SELECTED OPERATING STATISTICS

We periodically review certain key business metrics, within the context of our articulated performance goals, in order to evaluate the effectiveness of our operational strategies, allocate resources and maximize the financial performance of our business. The selected operating statistics include the following:

    Three Months Ended
    Dec 31,   Sept. 30,   June 30,   March 31,   Dec 31,
    2012   2012   2012   2012   2011
Gross business customer additions (1)   2,617    2,915    2,943    2,892    2,836 
Gross business customer                     
     cancellations (less cancellations                     
     within 30 days of sign-up)   1,504    2,149    1,458    1,697    1,642 
Business customer churn (less                     
     cancellations within 30 days                    
     of sign-up) (2)   1.6%   2.4%   1.7%   2.0%   2.0%
Business service revenue churn   2.6%   1.0%   2.3%   1.6%   1.9%
Total business customers (3)   31,473    30,498    29,913    28,671    27,677 
                     
Business customer average monthly                     
     service revenue per customer (4)   $ 260    $ 256    $ 250    $ 244    $ 239 
                     
Overall service margin   78%   76%   75%   76%   77%
Overall product margin   -34%   -22%   -30%   -15%   -24%
     Overall gross margin   68%   68%   67%   68%   68%
                     
Business subscriber acquisition cost                    
     per service (5)   $ 98    $ 89    $ 97    $ 99    $ 92 
Average number of subscribed services                    
     per business customer   11.2    10.6    10.1    9.8    9.4 
Average number of subscribed services                    
     per new business customer (6)   17.0    14.7    14.0    13.6    14.1 

 

(1)

Does not include customers of Virtual Office Solo or Zerigo, Inc. ("Zerigo").

(2)

Business customer churn is calculated by dividing the number of business customers that terminated (after the expiration of the 30-day trial) during that period by the simple average number of business customers during the period and dividing the result by the number of months in the period. The simple average number of business customers during the period is the number of business customers on the first day of the period plus the number of business customers on the last day of the period divided by two. In the second quarter of fiscal 2013, an affiliate with 411 business customers representing approximately $9,000 of monthly service revenue cancelled service. Excluding these 411 cancellations, business customer churn (less cancellations within 30 days of sign-up) was 1.9%.

(3)

Business customers are defined as customers paying for service. Customers that are currently in the 30- day trial period are considered to be customers that are paying for service. Customers subscribing to Virtual Office Solo or Zerigo services are not included as business customers. 

(4)

Business customer average monthly service revenue per customer is service revenue from business customers in the period divided by the number of months in the period divided by the simple average number of business customers during the period.

(5)

Business subscriber acquisition cost per service is defined as the combined costs of advertising, marketing, promotions, sales commissions and equipment subsidies for business services sold during the period divided by the number of gross business services added during the period. 

(6)

Total new services sold in the period divided by gross business customer additions.

19


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Service revenue     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 24,958    $ 21,200    $ 3,758    17.7%
Percentage of total revenue     91.3%     91.1%          
Nine months ended   $ 72,307    $ 56,234    $ 16,073    28.6%
Percentage of total revenue     91.6%     91.3%          

Service revenue consists primarily of revenue attributable to the provision of our 8x8 VoIP services and royalties earned under our VoIP technology licenses. We expect that 8x8 service revenues will continue to comprise nearly all of our service revenues for the foreseeable future. 8x8 service revenue increased in the third quarter of fiscal 2013 primarily due to the increase in our business customer subscriber base. Our business subscriber base grew from 27,677 business customers on December 31, 2011, to 31,473 on December 31, 2012. The increase for the first nine months of fiscal 2013 also was primarily attributable to the increase in our business customer base from approximately 24,000 businesses on April 1, 2011 to 31,473 on December 31, 2012. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in customers of our residential services. These changes were consistent with the redirection of our marketing efforts toward our business customer service. We expect the trends to continue in future periods.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Product revenue     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 2,382    $ 2,078    $ 304    14.6%
Percentage of total revenue     8.7%     8.9%          
Nine months ended   $ 6,656    $ 5,370    $ 1,286    23.9%
Percentage of total revenue     8.4%     8.7%          

Product revenue consists primarily of revenue from sales of IP telephones attributable to our 8x8 service. Product revenue increased for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 primarily due to an increase in equipment sales to business customers.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Cost of service revenue     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 5,473    $ 4,890    $ 583    11.9%
Percentage of service revenue     21.9%     23.1%          
Nine months ended   $ 16,984    $ 12,764    $ 4,220    33.1%
Percentage of service revenue     23.5%     22.7%          

The cost of service revenue primarily consists of costs associated with network operations and related personnel, telephony origination and termination services provided by third party carriers and technology license and royalty expenses. Cost of service revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $0.5 million increase in third party network service expenses as a result of the increase in our business subscriber base, a $0.2 million increase in depreciation expense, and a $0.1 million increase in payroll and related costs. The increase in expense was partially offset by a $0.1 million reduction in expensed license and fees and a $0.1 million reduction in temporary personnel, consulting and outside service expenses.

20


Cost of service revenue for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 increased from the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $2.7 million increase in third party network service fees as a result of the increase in our business subscriber base, a $0.8 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.5 million increase in depreciation expense, a $0.4 million increase in amortization expense due to intangibles acquired in acquisition of businesses, and a $0.1 million increase in consulting and outside service expenses. The increase in expense was partially offset by a $0.3 million reduction in expensed license and fees.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Cost of product revenue     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 3,203    $ 2,584    $ 619    24.0%
Percentage of product revenue     134.5%     124.4%          
Nine months ended   $ 8,585    $ 7,467    $ 1,118    15.0%
Percentage of product revenue     129.0%     139.1%          

The cost of product revenue consists of costs associated with systems, components, system manufacturing, assembly and testing performed by third-party vendors, estimated warranty obligations and direct and indirect costs associated with product purchasing, scheduling, quality assurance, shipping and handling. The amount of revenue allocated to product revenue based on the relative selling price is less than the cost of the IP phone equipment. The cost of product revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $0.5 million increase in the shipment of equipment to customers and a $0.1 million increase in warranty expense.

The cost of product revenue for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year due to a $0.9 million increase in the shipment of equipment to customers, a $0.1 million increase in warranty expense and a $0.1 million increase in freight expenses.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Research and development     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 2,117    $ 1,955    $ 162    8.3%
Percentage of total revenue     7.7%     8.4%          
Nine months ended   $ 5,973    $ 4,902    $ 1,071    21.8%
Percentage of total revenue     7.6%     8.0%          

Historically, our research and development expenses have consisted primarily of personnel, system prototype design, and equipment costs necessary for us to conduct our development and engineering efforts. We expense research and development costs as they are incurred. The research and development expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $0.1 million increase in payroll and related costs and a $0.1 million increase in other research and development expenses.

The research and development expenses for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year due to a $0.8 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.1 million increase in recruiting expenses and a $0.2 million increase in other research and development expenses.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Sales and marketing     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 11,651    $ 9,816    $ 1,835    18.7%
Percentage of total revenue     42.6%     42.2%          
Nine months ended   $ 33,202    $ 27,076    $ 6,126    22.6%
Percentage of total revenue     42.0%     44.0%          

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Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of personnel and related overhead costs for sales, marketing, and customer service. Such costs also include outsourced customer service call center operations, sales commissions, as well as trade show, advertising and other marketing and promotional expenses. Sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the same quarter in the prior fiscal year primarily because of a $1.4 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.1 million increase in third party sales commissions, a $0.1 million increase in bad debt expenses, a $0.1 million increase in credit card processing fees, and a $0.3 million increase in other miscellaneous sales and marketing expenses. The increase in expense was partially offset by a $0.2 million reduction in temporary personnel, consulting and outside service expenses.

Sales and marketing expenses for the first nine months of fiscal 2013 increased over the same period in the prior fiscal year primarily because of a $4.7 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.3 million increase in third party sales commissions, a $0.2 million increase in amortization of customer relationship intangibles, a $0.2 million increase in bad debt expense, a $0.1 million increase in credit card processing fees, and a $1.1 million increase in other sales and marketing expenses. The increase in expenses was partially offset by a $0.5 million reduction in temporary personnel, consulting and outside service expenses.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
General and administrative     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 2,136    $ 1,481    $ 655    44.2%
Percentage of total revenue     7.8%     6.4%          
Nine months ended   $ 6,270    $ 4,372    $ 1,898    43.4%
Percentage of total revenue     7.9%     7.1%          

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel and related overhead costs for finance, human resources and general management. General and administrative expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2012 increased over the same quarter in the prior fiscal year primarily because of a $0.2 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.2 million increase in facility rent and maintenance expenses, a $0.1 million increase in temporary personnel, consulting and outside service expenses, a $0.1 million increase in depreciation expense, and a $0.1 million increase in recruiting expenses.

General and administrative expenses for the first nine months of fiscal 2013 increased over the same period in the prior fiscal year primarily because of a $0.8 million increase in temporary personnel, consulting and outside service expenses, a $0.6 million increase in payroll and related costs, a $0.5 million increase in facility rent and maintenance expenses, a $0.2 million increase in depreciation expense, and a $0.1 million increase in recruiting expenses. The increase in expense was partially offset by a $0.2 million reduction in legal expenses and a $0.1 million reduction in other general and administrative expenses.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Gain on patent sale     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $   $   $   0.0%
Percentage of total revenue     0.0%     0.0%          
Nine months ended   $ (11,965)   $   $ (11,965)   100.0%
Percentage of total revenue     -15.2%     0.0%          

In June 2012, we entered into a patent purchase agreement for the sale of a family of United States patents for $12.0 million in cash. We recognized a gain of slightly less than $12.0 million, net of transaction costs, which has been recorded as a reduction of operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.

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      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Other income, net     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 73    $ 49    $ 24    49.0%
Percentage of total revenue     0.3%     0.2%          
Nine months ended   $ 90    $ 58    $ 32    55.2%
Percentage of total revenue     0.1%     0.1%          

In the nine months ended December 31, 2012, other income, net consisted of interest expense, distribution of capital gains on investments and interest income earned on our cash, cash equivalents and investments.

      December 31,     Dollar   Percent
Provision (benefit) for income tax     2012     2011     Change   Change
      (dollar amounts in thousands)    
Three months ended   $ 913    $ 15    $ 898    5986.7%
Percentage of income                      
     before provision for income taxes     32.2%     0.6%          
Nine months ended   $ 7,726    $ (284)   $ 8,010    -2820.4%
Percentage of income before                      
     provision (benefit) for income taxes     38.6%     -5.6%          

For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012, we recorded a provision for income taxes of $0.9 million and $7.7 million, respectively, which was primarily attributable to net income from operations, including the gain on patent sale. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2011, we released a portion of our valuation allowance against the deferred tax asset as we deemed it was more likely than not it would be used to offset the $0.3 million deferred tax liability recorded in connection with the acquisition of Zerigo.

The increase in income tax expense for the three months ended December 31, 2012 was primarily attributable to net income from operations.

The increase in income tax expense for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 compared with the same period in the prior fiscal year was due to the provision for income tax of $7.7 million which was primarily attributable to net income from operations, including the gain on patent sale.

The effective tax rate is calculated by dividing the income tax provision by net income before income tax expense. We estimate our annual effective tax rate at the end of each quarter. The fiscal 2013 estimated annual effective tax rate is expected to be approximately 40%, but may fluctuate each quarter due to the timing of other discrete period transactions. In estimating the annual effective tax rate, we, in consultation with our tax advisors, consider, among other things, annual pre-tax income, permanent tax differences, changes to tax rates, state apportionment, and the application and interpretations of existing tax laws.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2012, we had approximately $46.5 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.

Net cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 was approximately $26.0 million, compared with $6.4 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2011. The increase in cash flow resulted primarily from a $12.0 million gain on the sale of a patent family in June 2012, a $1.7 million reimbursement from landlord for tenant improvements, and an increase in service and product revenue in the first nine months of fiscal 2012. Cash provided by operating activities has historically been affected by the amount of net income, sales of subscriptions, changes in working capital accounts particularly in deferred revenue due to timing of annual plan renewals, add-backs of non-cash expense items such as the use of deferred tax assets, depreciation and amortization and the expense associated with stock-based awards.

Net cash used in investing activities was $5.2 million during the nine months ended December 31, 2012, compared with $2.5 million used in investing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2011. The increase in cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended December 31, 2012 is primarily related to an increase in the purchase of additional equipment, furniture and fixtures and leasehold improvements ($5.2 million). The increase in cash used for the purchase of furniture and fixtures and leasehold improvements is primarily due to the Company's move to its new headquarters facility in San Jose, California.

Our financing activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2012 consisted primarily of cash from the issuance of shares due to exercise of employee stock options ($1.7 million) offset by cash used to repurchase shares of our common stock ($0.3 million).

Contractual Obligations

We lease our headquarters facility in San Jose, California under an operating lease agreement that expires in October 2019. The lease is an industrial net lease with monthly base rent of $130,821 for the first 15 months with a 3% increase each year thereafter, and requires us to pay property taxes, utilities and normal maintenance costs.

We entered into a series of noncancelable capital lease agreements for office equipment bearing interest at various rates. Assets under capital lease at December 31, 2012 totaled $110,000 with accumulated amortization of $64,000.

In the third quarter of 2010, we amended the contract with one of our third party customer support vendors containing a minimum monthly commitment of approximately $430,000. The agreement requires a 150-day notice to terminate. At December 31, 2012, the total remaining obligation under the contract was $2.2 million.

We have entered into contracts with multiple vendors for third party network services. At December 31, 2012, future minimum annual payments under these third party network service contracts were $629,000 in 2013, $2,155,000 in 2014, $1,579,000 in 2015 and $52,000 in 2016.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Foreign Currency

Our financial market risk consists primarily of risks associated with international operations and related foreign currencies. We derive a portion of our revenue from customers in Europe and Asia. In order to reduce the risk from fluctuation in foreign exchange rates, the vast majority of our sales are denominated in U.S. dollars. In addition, almost all of our arrangements with our contract manufacturers are denominated in U.S. dollars. We have not entered into any currency hedging activities. To date, our exposure to exchange rate volatility has not been significant and was not material for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2012 or 2011.

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Investments

We maintain an investment portfolio of various holdings, types and maturities. These marketable securities and investments are generally classified as available-for-sale and, consequently, are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value with unrealized gains or losses reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). Part of this portfolio includes investments in mutual funds.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 ("Disclosure Controls") that are designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports filed or submitted under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and that such information is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of our Disclosure Controls. Based on this evaluation our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our Disclosure Controls were effective as of December 31, 2012.

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, do not expect that our Disclosure Controls or internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system's objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II -- OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings

Descriptions of our legal proceedings are contained in Part I, Item 1, Financial Statements — Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — "Note 7".

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

We face many significant risks in our business, some of which are unknown to us and not presently foreseen. These risks could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations in the future. We have disclosed a number of material risks under Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2012, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 24, 2012.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibit
Number


Description


10.19* 

Management Incentive Bonus Plan      (PDF as a courtesy)

31.1 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.      (PDF as a courtesy)

31.2 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.      (PDF as a courtesy)

32.1 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.      (PDF as a courtesy)

32.2 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.      (PDF as a courtesy)

101.INS** 

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH** 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL** 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase

101.DEF** 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase

101.LAB** 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

101.PRE** 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

  

 

Indicates management contract or compensatory plan arrangement

** 

Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, these interactive data files are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 or Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and otherwise are not subject to liability.

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

Date: January 25, 2013

8X8, INC. 

(Registrant) 

By: /s/ DANIEL WEIRICH          

Daniel Weirich 

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer and Duly Authorized Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

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