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EX-32.1 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. 1350 AS ADOPTED - Tuffnell Ltd.ex32-1.htm
v2.4.0.6
Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2012
Notes to Financial Statements  
Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 1. Nature of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

The summary of significant accounting policies is presented to assist in the understanding of the financial statements. The financial statements and notes are representations of management. These accounting policies conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and have been consistently applied in the preparation of the financial statements.

Nature of business and organization

Tuffnell LTD. (the “Company”), was incorporated in the State of Nevada on July 26, 2007. The Company is an Exploration Stage Company as defined by Guide 7 of the Securities Exchange Commission’s Industry Guide and Accounting Standards Codification "ASC" Topic 915-10 “Development Stage Entities”., and is in the process of exploring and evaluating its mineral properties and determining whether they contain ore reserves that are economically recoverable. The recoverability of amounts shown for mineral properties is dependent upon the discovery of economically recoverable ore reserves, the ability of the Company to obtain the necessary financing to complete development, confirmation of the Company’s interest in the underlying mineral claims and upon future profitable production or proceeds from the disposition of all or part of its mineral properties.

 

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include interest bearing and non-interest bearing bank deposits, money market accounts, and short-term instruments with a liquidation provision of three month or less.

Advertising costs

Advertising costs are generally expensed as incurred and are included in selling and marketing expenses in the accompanying statement of operations. As of September 30, 2012 and 2011, there were $8,111 and $72,910, respectively, advertising costs incurred.

Environmental expenditures

The operations of the Company have been, and may in the future, be affected from time to time, in varying degrees, by changes in environmental regulations, including those for future reclamation and site restoration costs. Both the likelihood of new regulations and their overall effect upon the Company vary greatly and are not predictable. The Company’s policy is to meet or, if possible, surpass standards set by relevant legislation, by application of technically proven and economically feasible measures.

Concentrations of credit risk

The Company’s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of its cash, accounts payable and notes payable. The Company places its cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions of high credit worthiness. At times, its cash and cash equivalents with a particular financial institution may exceed any applicable government insurance limits.

 

Risks and uncertainties

The Company operates in the resource exploration industry that is subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including financial, operational, technological, and other risks associated with operating a resource exploration business, including the potential risk of business failure.

 

Revenue recognition

The Company has no revenues to date from its operations. Once revenues are generated, management will establish a revenue recognition policy.

Mineral property Acquisition Costs

The cost of acquiring mineral properties are capitalized and will be amortized over their estimated useful lives following the commencement of production or expensed if it is determined that the mineral property has no future economic value or the properties are sold or abandoned. Cost includes cash consideration and the fair market value of shares issued on the acquisition of mineral properties. Properties acquired under option agreements, whereby payments are made at the sole discretion of the Company, are recorded in the accounts at such time as the payments are made. The recoverable amounts for mineral properties is dependent upon the existence of economically recoverable reserves; the acquisition and maintenance of appropriate permits, licenses and rights; the ability of the Company to obtain financing to complete the exploration and development of the properties; and upon future profitable production or alternatively upon the Company’s ability to recover its spent costs from the sale of its interests.

 

The amounts recorded as mineral properties reflect actual costs incurred and are not intended to express present or future values. The capitalized amounts may be written down if potential future cash flows, including potential sales proceeds, related to the property are estimated to be less than the carrying value of the property. Management of the Company reviews the carrying value of each mineral property interest quarterly, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Reductions in the carrying value of each property would be recorded to the extent the carrying value of the investment exceeds the estimated future net cash flows.

 

Exploration and Development Costs

Exploration costs are expensed as incurred. When it is determined that a mining deposit can be economically and legally extracted or produced based on established proven and probable reserves, further exploration and development costs related to such reserves incurred after such determination will be capitalized. The establishment of proven and probable reserves is based on results of final feasibility studies which indicate whether a property is economically feasible. Upon commencement of commercial production, capitalized costs will be transferred to the appropriate asset category and amortized over their estimated useful lives. Capitalized costs, net of salvage values, relating to a deposit which is abandoned or considered uneconomic for the foreseeable future, will be written off.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Fair value accounting establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described below:

 

Level 1 Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;

Level 2 Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability; and

Level 3 Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (supported by little or no market activity).

 

The Company’s financial instruments consist of mineral property purchase obligations. These obligations are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as their fair value is determined using interest rates which approximate market rates. The Company is not exposed to significant interest or credit risk arising from these financial instruments.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews and evaluates long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. The assets are subject to impairment consideration under ASC 360-10-35-17, if events or circumstances indicate that their carrying amount might not be recoverable. When the Company determines that an impairment analysis should be done, the analysis will be performed using the rules of ASC 930-360-35, Asset Impairment, and 360-10 through 15-5, Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.

 

Basic and diluted net loss per share

The Company computes net loss per share in accordance with ASC 260, “Earnings per Share”, which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) on the face of the income statement. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Diluted EPS gives effect to all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding during the period.

 

In computing Diluted EPS, the average stock price for the period is used in determining the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants. Diluted EPS excludes all potentially dilutive shares if their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

Comprehensive income

The Company accounts for comprehensive income (loss) in accordance with ASC Topic 220 " Comprehensive Income" which requires comprehensive income (loss) and its components to be reported when a company has items of comprehensive income (loss). Comprehensive income (loss) includes net income (loss) plus other comprehensive income (loss). There are no differences or reconciling items between net income and comprehensive income for the years ended September 30, 2012 and 2011.

Income taxes

The Company accounts for its income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740, which requires recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and tax credit carry-forwards.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date.

 

Newly issued pronouncements

The Company has evaluated all recent accounting pronouncements and believes that none of them will have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.