Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and are stated in US dollars. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expense during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The financial statements have, in managements opinion, been properly prepared within the framework of the significant accounting policies summarized below:
Principles of Consolidation
These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and LRE Exploration LLC., a wholly owned subsidiary incorporated in Nevada, USA on August 31, 2010. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated.
Exploration Stage Company
The Company is an exploration stage company. All losses accumulated since inception are considered part of the Companys exploration stage activities.
Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. There were no cash equivalents at August 31, 2012.
The Company minimizes its credit risk associated with cash by periodically evaluating the credit quality of its primary financial institution. The balance at times may exceed federally insured limits. At August 31, 2012, the balance did not exceed the federally insured limit.
The Company is primarily engaged in the acquisition, exploration and development of mineral properties.
Mineral property acquisition costs are capitalized in accordance with FASB ASC 930, Extractive Activities-Mining, when management has determined that probable future benefits consisting of a contribution to future cash inflows have been identified and adequate financial resources are available or are expected to be available as required to meet the terms of property acquisition and budgeted exploration and development expenditures. Mineral property acquisition costs are expensed as incurred if the criteria for capitalization are not met.
In the event that mineral property acquisition costs are paid with Company shares, those shares are recorded at the estimated fair value at the time the shares are due in accordance with the terms of the property agreements.
Mineral property exploration costs are expensed as incurred.
When it has been determined that a mineral property can be economically developed as a result of establishing proven and probable reserves and pre-feasibility, the costs incurred to develop such property are capitalized.
Estimated future removal and site restoration costs, when determinable are provided over the life of proven reserves on a units-of-production basis. Costs, which include production equipment removal and environmental remediation, are estimated each period by management based on current regulations, actual expenses incurred, and technology and industry standards. Any charge is included in exploration expense or the provision for depletion and depreciation during the period and the actual restoration expenditures are charged to the accumulated provision amounts as incurred.
To date the Company has not established any proven or probable reserves on its mineral properties.
Asset Retirement Obligations
Asset retirement obligations (ARO) associated with the retirement of a tangible long-lived asset, are recognized as liabilities in the period in which it is incurred and becomes determinable, with an offsetting increase in the carrying amount of the associated assets. The cost of tangible long-lived assets, including the initially recognized ARO, is amortized, such that the cost of the ARO is recognized over the useful life of the assets. The ARO is recorded at fair value, and accretion expense is recognized over time as the discounted fair value is accreted to the expected settlement value.
The fair value of the ARO is measured using expected future cash flow, discounted at the Companys credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate. As of August 31, 2012, the Company has determined no provision for AROs is required.
Impairment of Long- Lived Assets
The Company reviews and evaluates long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. The assets are subject to impairment consideration under FASB ASC 360-10-35-17 if events or circumstances indicate that their carrying amount might not be recoverable. When the Company determines that an impairment analysis should be done, the analysis will be performed using the rules of FASB ASC 930-360-35, Asset Impairment, and 360- 0 through 15-5, Impairment or Disposal of Long- Lived Assets.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Companys functional currency is the United States dollar as substantially all of the Companys operations are in the USA. The Company uses the United States dollar as its reporting currency for consistency with registrants of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and capital accounts are translated at historical rates. Income statement accounts are translated at the average rates of exchange prevailing during the period.
Translation adjustments from the use of different exchange rates from period to period are included in the Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income account in Stockholders Equity, if applicable.
Transactions undertaken in currencies other than the functional currency of the entity are translated using the exchange rate in effect as of the transaction date. Any exchange gains and losses are included in the Statement of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
Earnings per share
In accordance with accounting guidance now codified as FASB ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share, basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding the effects of any potentially dilutive securities. Diluted EPS gives effect to all dilutive potential of shares of common stock outstanding during the period including stock options or warrants, using the treasury stock method (by using the average stock price for the period to determine the number of shares assumed to be purchased from the exercise of stock options or warrants), and convertible debt or convertible preferred stock, using the if-converted method. Diluted EPS excludes all dilutive potential of shares of common stock if their effect is anti-dilutive. As there are no common stock equivalents outstanding, diluted and basic loss per share are the same.
The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and loss carry-forwards and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.
The effect of a change in tax rules on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in operations in the year of change. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely-than-not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The Company is required to record compensation expense, based on the fair value of the awards, for all awards granted after the date of the adoption.
The Company is required to report comprehensive income, which includes net loss as well as changes in equity from non-owner sources.