Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.Financial_Report.xls
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R2.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R9.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R3.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R4.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R7.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R5.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R6.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R8.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R11.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R15.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R10.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R13.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R12.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R14.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.R16.htm
EX-32 - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.ex32-1.htm
EX-31 - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.ex31-1.htm
EX-32 - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.ex32-2.htm
EX-31 - Plymouth Opportunity REIT Inc.ex31-2.htm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2012

 

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period From _______to ________

Commission File Number: 333-173048

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland   27-5466153
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
Two Liberty Square, 10th Floor, Boston, MA 02109   (617) 340-3814
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Registrant’s telephone number)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
None   None

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. YES _ NO ü

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES ü NO _

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES ü NO _

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). YES _ NO ü

As of November 13, 2012 the Registrant had outstanding 349,000 shares of common stock.

 
 

 

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

 

INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION PAGE
ITEM 1. Financial Statements  
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 2
     
  Consolidated Income Statement for the three and six months ended September 30, 2012 and March 7, 2011 (inception) to September 30, 2011 3
     
  Consolidated Statement of Equity for the three and six months ended September 30, 2012 and March 7, 2011 (inception) to September 30, 2011 4
     
  Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the three and six months ended September 30, 2012 and March 7, 2011 (inception) to September 30, 2011 5
     
  Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements September 30, 2012 6
     
ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 10
     
ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 14
     
ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures 14
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 14
     
SIGNATURES   16

 

1
 

 

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

  

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Unaudited

 

 

   September 30,
2012
   December 31,
2011
 
         
Assets        
Investments in Real Estate  $1,766,477   $- 
Cash and Cash Equivalent   623,539    175,645 
Deposit   100,000    - 
Investment in REIT Securities   -    25,425 
Total Assets  $2,490,016   $201,070 
           
Liabilities and Equity          
Total Liabilities  $-   $- 
           
Preferred Stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares Authorized, none issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common Stock, $.01 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares Authorized, 349,000 shares issued and outstanding   3,490    200 
           
Additional Paid In Capital   3,432,490    199,800 
Retained Earnings   (945,964)   1,070 
Total Equity   2,490,016    201,070 
           
Total Liabilities and Equity  $2,490,016   $201,070 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

2
 

 

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENT

Unaudited

 

  

   Three Months Ended
September 30,
   Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
   For the Period
March 7,
(inception) to
September 30,
 
                 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Income                    
Equity Investment Income  $16,477   $-   $16,477   $- 
Realized Gain on Sale of REIT Securities   -    -    205      
Total Income   16,477    -    16,682    - 
                     
Expenses                    
Professional Services   455,260    -    455,260    - 
Commissions Fees   105,900    -    105,900    - 
Payroll   245,402    -    245,402    - 
Rent   79,821    -    79,821    - 
General and Administrative   77,309    -    77,333    - 
Total Expenses   963,692    -    963,716    - 
                     
Net Loss  $(947,215)  $-   $(947,034)  $- 
                     
Weighted average shares outstanding   55,699         66,987      
Basic and diluted loss per share  $(17.01)       $(14.14)     

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3
 

 

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

Unaudited

 

 

   Common Stock,
$.01 par value
             
   Shares   Amount   Additional
Paid-In
 Capital
   Retained
Earnings
   Total Equity 
Balance January 1, 2012   20,000   $200   $199,800   $1,070   $201,070 
Issuance of Common Stock for Cash   329,000    3,290    3,232,690    -    3,235,980 
Net Loss   -    -    -    (947,034)   (947,034)
Balance, September 30, 2012   349,000   $3,490   $3,432,490   $(945,964)  $2,490,016 

 

 

   Common Stock,
$.01 par value
             
   Shares   Amount   Additional
 Paid-In
Capital
   Retained
Earnings
   Total Equity 
March 7, 2011 (inception)   -   $-   $-   $-   $- 
Issuance of Common Stock for Cash   20,000    200    199,800    -    200,000 
Net Income   -    -    -    1,070    1,070 
Balance,  December 31 , 2011   20,000   $200   $199,800   $1,070   $201,070 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4
 

 

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Unaudited

 

               For the Period 
           Nine Months   March 7, 
   Three Months Ended   Ended   (inception) to 
   September 30,   September 30,   September 30, 
                 
   2012   2011   2012   2011 
Cash from operating activities                    
Net Loss  $(947,215)  $-   $(947,034)  $- 
Changes in Due From Affiliate   100,000    -    -    - 
Income from equity method accounting   (16,477)   -    (16,477)   - 
Realized Gain on Sale of REIT Securities   -    -    (205)   - 
Net cash used for operating activities   (863,692)   -    (963,716)   - 
                     
Cash from investing activities                    
Investment in real estate   (1,750,000)   -    (1,750,000)   - 
Changes in deposits   (100,000)   -    (100,000)   - 
Proceeds from sale of REIT securities   -    -    25,630    - 
Net cash used for investing activities   (1,850,000)   -    (1,824,370)   - 
                     
Cash from financing activities                    
Proceeds from issuance of common stock   3,235,980    -    3,235,980    200,000 
Net cash provided by financing activities   3,235,980    -    3,235,980    200,000 
                     
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   522,288    -    447,894    200,000 
Cash and cash equivalent at the beginning of the period   101,251    200,000    175,645    - 
Cash and cash equivalent at the end of the period  $623,539   $200,000   $623,539   $200,000 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5
 

Plymouth Opportunity REIT, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

(1) Business

 

Plymouth Opportunity REIT, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company") is a Maryland corporation formed on March 7, 2011. The Company intends to acquire and operate on an opportunistic basis commercial real estate and real estate-related assets that exhibit current income characteristics. In particular, the Company intends to focus on acquiring commercial properties located in markets and submarkets with growth potential and those available from sellers who are distressed or face time-sensitive deadlines. In addition, our opportunistic investment strategy may include investments in real estate-related assets with significant possibilities for short-term capital appreciation, such as those requiring development, redevelopment or repositioning. The Company may acquire, or participate in joint ventures owning, a wide variety of commercial properties including office, industrial, retail, hospitality, medical office, single-tenant, multifamily and other real properties.

 

The Company intends to operate in a manner that will allow it to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or “REIT”, for federal income tax purposes. The Company utilizes an Umbrella Partnership Real Estate Investment Trust (“UPREIT”) organizational structure to hold all or substantially all of its properties and securities through an operating partnership, Plymouth Opportunity OP, LP (the “Operating Partnership").

 

On March 11, 2011, the Company sold 20,000 shares of common stock to Plymouth Group Real Estate, LLC (the Sponsor), at a price of $200,000, or $10 per share. As of November 13, 2012 the Company has sold 349,000 shares for gross offering proceeds of $3.24 million.

 

The Company has retained Plymouth Real Estate Investors, Inc. (the” Advisor”) to serve as its advisor. The Advisor is responsible for managing, operating, directing and supervising the operations and administration of the Company and its assets. The Company has retained Plymouth Real Estate Capital, LLC (the “Dealer Manager”), a member of FINRA, to act as the exclusive Dealer Manager for this offering. The Advisor and the Dealer Manager are affiliates of Plymouth Group Real Estate LLC, the Sponsor of the Company.

 

(2) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

These interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. These interim condensed financial statements include adjustments of a normal and recurring nature considered necessary by management to fairly present the Company’s financial position and results of operations. These interim condensed financial statements may not be indicative of financial results for the full year. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.

 

Equity Method Accounting

 

The Company may acquire equity interest in various limited partnership or other entities. In certain cases where we have the ability to exercise significant influence over the borrower, we account for our equity interest under the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method of accounting, we recognize our proportional share of the borrower’s net income or loss as determined under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) in our results of operations.

 

6
 

Plymouth Opportunity REIT, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

  

 

Impairment of Real Estate Investments

 

When circumstances indicate the carrying value of a property may not be recoverable, the Company assesses the asset for impairment. This review is based on an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition. The assessment also considers factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends and residual value, as well as the effects of leasing demand, competition and other factors.

 

If impairment exists due to factors such as the inability to recover the carrying value of a property, an impairment loss would be recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property for properties to be held and used. For properties held for sale, the impairment loss would be the adjustment to fair value less the estimated cost to dispose of the asset. These assessments have a direct impact on net income because recording an impairment loss results in an immediate negative adjustment to net income. There was no indication of impairment as of September 30, 2012.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In April 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-03, Transfers and Servicing’s (Topic 860): Reconsideration of Effective Control for Repurchase Agreements. ASU 2011-03 changes the assessment of effective control by focusing on the transferor’s contractual rights and obligations and removing the criterion to assess the ability to exercise those rights or honor those obligations. ASU 2011-03 is effective for the interim or annual period beginning on or after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU 2011-03 did not have a material effect on the Company’s results from operations or financial position.

 

In May 2011 the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. ASU 2011-04 establishes common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in GAAP and IFRS. ASU 2011-04which amends topic 820 by clarifying the intent of the application of existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements. The amendments in this update also change the fair value measurement of financial instruments that are managed within a portfolio subject to market risks and the credit risk of counterparties, the application of premiums and discounts in a fair value measurement, and require additional fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2011-04 will be applied prospectively and is effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU 2011-04 did not have a material effect on the Company’s results from operations or financial position.

 

In June 2011 the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income. ASU 2011-05 gives two options for presenting other comprehensive income (“OCI”). An OCI statement can be included with the net income statement, which together will make a statement of total comprehensive income. Alternatively an OCI statement may be presented separately from a net income statement, but the two statements must appear consecutively within a financial report. Currently, ASU 2011-05 will be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. In October 2011, the FASB announced that it is considering deferring certain provisions in ASU 2011-05 related to the presentation and reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive income to net income. The adoption of ASU 2011-05 did not have an impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial position as it only impacts required disclosures. The Company did not have other comprehensive income or losses during the period January 1, 2012 to June 30, 2012 or March 7, 2011 (inception) to March 31, 2011.

 

(3) Initial Public Offering

 

The Company is offering for sale up to $642,500,000 in shares of common stock, of which 50,000,000 shares are offered to investors at a price of $10.00 per share, and of which 15,000,000 shares are offered to participants in the Company’s distribution reinvestment plan at a price of $9.50 per share (the “Initial Public Offering”). The Company commenced the Initial Public Offering on November 1, 2011. As of November 13, 2012, the Company had reached gross offering proceeds of approximately $3.24 million, which is sufficient to satisfy minimum offering amounts in all states where the Company is conducting its offering except Ohio, Pennsylvania and Tennessee.

 

7
 

Plymouth Opportunity REIT, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

The Company has the right to reallocate the shares of common stock offered between the Company’s primary public offering and the Company’s distribution reinvestment plan. The Dealer Manager is providing dealer manager services in connection with the offering. The Initial Public Offering is a best efforts offering, which means that the Dealer Manager is not required to sell any specific number or dollar amount of shares of common stock in the offering but will use its best efforts to sell the shares of common stock. The Initial Public Offering is a continuous offering that will end within two years of its Effective Date, unless it is extended in states that permit such an extension. In certain states, the Initial Public Offering must be renewed after one year of offering. Offering renewals are currently in process.

 

(4) Related Party Transactions

 

The Company relies on the Advisor to manage the Company’s day-to-day activities and to implement the Company’s investment strategy. The Dealer Manager is providing dealer manager services. The Advisor and the Dealer Manager receives compensation and fees for services relating to the investment and management of the Company’s assets. These fees primarily consist of:

 

- Sales commissions payable to the Dealer Manager of up to 4.0% of the gross offering proceeds before reallowance to participating broker-dealers;

 

- Dealer Manager fee payable to the Dealer Manager of up to 1.0% of the gross offering proceeds before reallowance to participating broker-dealers. None paid to date;

 

- Reimbursement of organization and offering costs to the Advisor or its affiliates for our cumulative organization and offering expenses, but only to the extent that the total organizational and offering costs borne by us do not exceed 15.0% of gross offering proceeds as of the date of the reimbursement;

 

- Monthly asset management fees to the Advisor equal to one-twelfth of 1.0% of the sum of the cost of each asset, where cost equals the amount actually paid;

 

- Common Stock issuable upon occurrence of certain events will be paid to the Sponsor as an origination fee equal to 3% of the equity funded to acquire the investments. This fee will be payable semi-annually in shares of our common stock, which shares will be valued at a price equal to the price then payable for shares redeemed under our share redemption program, provided such price shall not be less than $10.00 per share. The aggregate origination fee payable to our sponsor will not exceed 3% of the net proceeds of our primary offering of shares as of the time of such payment;

 

- Acquisition and Origination Fee reimbursement to the Advisor and its affiliates for expenses actually incurred (including personnel costs) related to selecting, evaluating and acquiring assets on our behalf, regardless of whether we actually acquire the related assets;

 

- Monthly subscription processing fee to the Advisor equal to $35 per subscription agreement received and processed by the Advisor. The Advisor at its sole discretion may defer all or any portion of the $35 per subscription agreement fee payable;

 

- Upon termination or nonrenewal of the advisory agreement, our Advisor shall be entitled to receive an amount, payable in the form of an interest bearing promissory note, equal to 15% of the amount by which (i) our adjusted market value plus distributions exceeds (ii) the aggregate capital contributed by investors plus an amount equal to an 8% cumulative, non-compounded return to investors;

 

- Reimbursement to the Advisor for all expenses paid or incurred by our advisor in connection with the services provided to us, subject to the limitation that we will not reimburse our Advisor for any amount by

which our operating expenses (including the asset management fee) at the end of the four preceding fiscal quarters exceeds the greater of: (A) 2% of our average invested assets, or (B) 25% of our net income.

8
 

 

Plymouth Opportunity REIT, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Through September 30, 2012, the Sponsor and Advisor have incurred approximately $2,208,000 of costs on behalf of the Company, of which $771,109 has been paid by the Sponsor and $1,161,584 has been paid by the Advisor. Since the Company broke escrow on July 26, 2012, it has repaid $705,000 of these costs and will continue to make payments as cash flow permits.

 

Through September 30, 2012 the Company has paid $105,900 to the Dealer Manager for sales commissions and Dealer Manager fees.

 

(5) Investment in Real Estate

 

On August 17, 2012 the Company, through its operating partnership, Plymouth Opportunity OP LP, acquired a 51.5% equity interest in the Class A shares of Colony Hills Capital Residential II, LLC (“CHCR II”) which is a joint venture with Colony Hills Capital, LLC. CHCR II is the sole member of Wynthrope Holdings, LLC, which owns Wynthrope Forest Apartments, a 23 building, 270 unit multifamily complex located in Riverdale, a suburb of Atlanta, Georgia. The property was 93.3% occupied at the time of acquisition, with a majority of leases ranging from one year or longer. The purchase price for the equity interest was $1,250,000. The total purchase price the joint venture paid for the property was $13.9 million, which included $10.6 million of secured debt.

 

On September 10, 2012 the Company, through its operating partnership, Plymouth Opportunity OP LP, acquired a 12% limited partnership interest in TCG Cincinnati DRE LP (the “Partnership”). The Partnership owns three Class B industrial buildings comprised of approximately 576,751 square feet located in the Greater Cincinnati area. All three buildings were 100% occupied at the time of the investment, consisting of four tenants with leases of two to ten years. The purchase price for the equity interest acquired by the Company was $500,000.

 

The Company funded the purchase price of these investments with proceeds from its Initial Public Offering.

 

The Company performed an analysis to determine whether or not these entities represent variable interest entities (VIEs), and if the Company is the primary beneficiary (PB) of the VIEs.

 

The Company concluded that CHCR II is a VIE. The Company has determined that it is not the PB of the VIE as the Company does not have the ability to make decisions over the activities that most significantly impact the performance of CHCR II. The Company accounts for the CHCR II investment as an equity method investment.

 

The Company has concluded that TCG Cincinnati DRE LP is not a VIE. The Company does not have control over the entity and accounts for the investment as an equity method investment.

 

The Company accounts for these investments through equity method accounting, as the Company has significant influence over the entities, and recorded $16,477 of income during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012.

 

9
 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this document. For a more detailed description of the risks affecting our financial condition and results of operations see "Risk Factors" in Item 1A of the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2012.

 

General

 

We were formed in March 2011 as a Maryland corporation and intend to qualify as a REIT beginning with the taxable year ending December 31, 2012. On March 24, 2011, we filed a registration statement on Form S-11 with the SEC to offer a minimum of 250,000 shares of our common stock and a maximum 65,000,000 shares for sale to the public, of which 50,000,000 were registered in our primary offering and 15,000,000 were registered under our dividend reinvestment plan (the “Offering”). The SEC declared our registration statement effective on November 1, 2011, and we retained Plymouth Real Estate Capital, LLC, an affiliate of our Advisor, to act as the Dealer Manager of the offering. The Dealer Manager is responsible for marketing our shares in our ongoing Initial Public Offering (the “Offering”). On July 26, 2012 we broke escrow in the Offering and through November 13, 2012 we had sold 329,000 shares of our common stock in the Offering with gross offering proceeds of $3.24 million, all of which were sold in our primary offering.

 

We intend to use substantially all of the proceeds from our ongoing initial public offering to acquire and operate a diverse portfolio of commercial real estate assets that are expected to provide consistent current income and may also provide capital appreciation resulting from our expectation that in certain circumstances we will be able to acquire properties at a discount to replacement cost or otherwise less than the anticipated market value or to expend capital to reposition or redevelop a property so as to increase its value over the amount of cash we paid to acquire and rehabilitate the property. In particular, we plan to diversify our portfolio by property type, geographic region, investment size and investment risk with the goal of acquiring a portfolio of income producing real estate properties and real estate related assets that provide attractive returns for our stockholders. We intend to primarily acquire, or participate in joint ventures owning a wide variety of commercial properties including office, industrial, retail, hospitality, medical office, single-tenant, multifamily, student housing and other real properties, including raw land. These properties are initially expected to be existing, income-producing properties. Additionally, we may invest in newly constructed properties or properties under development or construction. In addition, given the then existing economic conditions and subject to applicable REIT requirements, our investment strategy may also include investments in real estate-related assets such as mortgage, mezzanine, bridge and other loans and debt and equity securities issued by other real estate companies. However, we intend to limit these types of investments so that neither the company nor any of its subsidiaries will meet the definition of an "investment company" under the Investment Company Act of 1940. We expect to make our investments in real estate assets located in the United States. Our investment strategy is designed to provide our stockholders with a diversified portfolio of real estate assets.

 

Although this is our current target portfolio, we may make adjustments to our target portfolio based on real estate market conditions and investment opportunities. We will not forego what we believe to be a good investment because it does not precisely fit our expected portfolio composition. Thus, to the extent that our Advisor presents us with attractive investment opportunities that allow us to meet the REIT requirements under the Internal Revenue Code, our portfolio composition may vary from what we initially expect.

 

Plymouth Real Estate Investors is our Advisor. As our Advisor, Plymouth Real Estate Investors manages our day-to-day operations and our portfolio of real estate properties and real estate-related assets. Plymouth Real Estate Investors makes recommendations on all investments to our board of directors. All proposed investments must be approved by at least a majority of our board of directors, including a majority of the members of the corporate governance committee, not otherwise interested in the transaction. Plymouth Real Estate Investors will also provide asset-management, marketing, investor relations and other administrative services on our behalf.

 

10
 

 

We elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code, beginning with the taxable year ending December 31, 2011. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year going forward, we will be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at regular corporate income tax rates and generally will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year in which our qualification is denied. Such an event could materially and adversely affect our net income and cash available for distribution.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We derive the capital required to purchase and originate real estate-related investments and conduct our operations from the proceeds of our offering from secured or unsecured financings from banks and other lenders and from any undistributed funds from our operations.

 

Through September 30, 2012, the Sponsor has incurred approximately $2,208,000 of costs on behalf of the Company, of which $1,932,000 of organizational costs have been paid by the Sponsor. Through September 30, 2012 the Company has repaid $705,000 to the Sponsor and will continue to reimburse as cash flow permits. Simultaneous with selling common shares, offering costs will be charged to stockholders’ equity as a reduction of additional paid-in capital upon completion of the offering or to expenses if the offerings are not completed. Organizational costs will be expensed as they are reimbursed to the Sponsor.

 

We are offering and selling to the public up to 50 million shares of our common stock at $10.00 per share (subject to certain volume discounts). We are also offering up to 15 million shares of our common stock to be issued pursuant to our distribution reinvestment plan pursuant to which our stockholders may elect to have distributions reinvested in additional shares of our common stock at $9.50 per share.

 

As of the date this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended September 30, 2012, filed on November 13, 2012, we have made two equity investments through our operating partnership, Plymouth Opportunity OP LP (“OP”). The first was in Wynthrope Forest, a 270-unit, 23-building multifamily community in a suburb of Atlanta, Georgia. The second was in TCG Cincinnati DRE LP. a three-building industrial portfolio totaling approximately 576,751 square feet in the Greater Cincinnati area.

 

Our cash needs for these acquisitions were met with the proceeds of the Offering. Operating cash needs during the same period were also met with proceeds from the Offering.

 

Proceeds from the Offering will continue to be applied to investments in properties and the payment or reimbursement of selling commissions and other fees and expenses related to our offering. We will experience a relative increase in liquidity as we receive additional subscriptions for shares and a relative decrease in liquidity as we spend net offering proceeds in connection with the acquisition and operation of our properties or the payment of distributions.

 

The number of properties and other assets that we will acquire will depend upon the number of shares sold and the resulting amount of the net proceeds available for investment in properties and other assets. Until required for the acquisition or operation of assets or use for distributions, we will keep the net proceeds of our offering in short-term, low-risk, highly liquid, interest-bearing investments.

 

We intend to make reserve allocations as necessary to aid our objective of preserving capital for our investors by supporting the maintenance and viability of properties we acquire in the future. If reserves and any other available income become insufficient to cover our operating expenses and liabilities, it may be necessary to obtain additional funds by borrowing, refinancing properties or liquidating our investment in one or more properties. There is no assurance that such funds will be available, or if available, that the terms will be acceptable to us.

11
 

 

Our principal demands for cash will be for acquisition costs, including the purchase price of the assets we acquire, improvement costs, the payment of our operating and administrative expenses, continuing debt service obligations and distributions to our stockholders. Generally, we will fund our acquisitions from the net proceeds of our offering. We intend to acquire our assets with cash and mortgage or other debt, but we also may acquire assets free and clear of permanent mortgage or other indebtedness by paying the entire purchase price for the asset in cash or in units issued by our operating partnership.

 

As of November 13, 2012, we had gross offering proceeds of approximately $3.24 million, which satisfied our minimum offering amounts in all states except, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Tennessee. If we are unable to raise substantially more funds in the Offering than the minimum offering amount, we will make fewer investments resulting in less diversification in terms of the type, number and size of investments we make and the value of an investment in us will fluctuate with the performance of the specific assets we acquire. Further, we will have certain fixed operating expenses, including certain expenses as a publicly offered REIT, regardless of whether we are able to raise substantial funds in our offering. Our inability to raise substantial funds would increase our fixed operating expenses as a percentage of gross income, reducing our net income and limiting our ability to make distributions. We do not expect to establish a permanent reserve from our offering proceeds for maintenance and repairs of real properties, as we expect the vast majority of leases for the properties we acquire will provide for tenant reimbursement of operating expenses. However, to the extent that we have insufficient funds for such purposes, we may establish reserves from gross offering proceeds, out of cash flow from operations or net cash proceeds from the sale of properties.

 

In addition to making investments in accordance with our investment objectives, we expect to use our capital resources to make certain payments to our Advisor and Dealer Manager. During our organization and offering stage, these payments will include payments to the Dealer Manager for selling commissions and the Dealer Manager fee and payments to the Dealer Manager and our Advisor for reimbursement of certain organization and offering expenses. However, our Advisor has agreed to reimburse us to the extent that selling commissions, the Dealer Manager fee and other organization and offering expenses incurred by us exceed 15% of our gross offering proceeds. During our acquisition and development stage, we expect to make payments to our Advisor in connection with the selection and origination or purchase of real estate investments, the management of our assets and costs incurred by our Advisor in providing services to us. The advisory agreement has a one-year term but may be renewed for an unlimited number of successive one-year periods upon the mutual consent of Plymouth Real Estate Investors and our corporate governance committee.

 

We are taxed and operate as a REIT beginning with our taxable year ended December 31, 2011. To maintain our qualification as a REIT, we will be required to make aggregate annual distributions to our stockholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income (computed without regard to the dividends-paid deduction and excluding net capital gain). Our board of directors may authorize distributions in excess of those required for us to maintain REIT status depending on our financial condition and such other factors as our board of directors deems relevant. Provided we have sufficient available cash flow, we intend to authorize and declare distributions based on daily record dates and pay distributions on a quarterly basis. We have not established a minimum distribution level.

 

Results of Operations

 

Our results of operations as of September 30, 2012 are not indicative of those expected in future periods because we broke escrow in the Offering on July 26, 2012 and commenced operations on August 17, 2012 with our first investment. During the period from inception (March 7, 2011) to June 30, 2012 we had been formed but had not yet commenced any significant operations because we had not broken escrow. As a result, we had no material results of operations for that period.

 

As of September 30, 2012, we had made our initial investments in Wynthrope Forest and TCG Cincinnati DRE LP. We funded these acquisitions with proceeds from the Offering. We have not yet received any distributions relating to either of these investments. We expect that cash flow from real estate and interests in real estate will increase in future periods as we begin to receive distributions on these two investments and as a result of anticipated future acquisition of real estate and real estate related assets.

12
 

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 the Company has recognized $16,477 of income from the investments in Wynthrope Forest and TCG Cincinnati DRE LP.

 

General and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 totaled $963,691 and $963,716, respectively. The general and administrative expenses consisted primarily of legal and professional fees. We expect that these costs will increase in the future as a result of real estate and real estate related assets that we expect to acquire in the future.

 

For the three and nine months ended, we have net losses of $963,691 and $963,511, respectively, due primarily to legal, professional, filing and printing costs incurred in connection with the commencement of our operations.

 

Distributions

 

We have declared a stock distribution of 0.015 shares of our common stock, $0.01 par value per share, or 1.5% of each outstanding share of common stock to the stockholders of record at the close of business on September 28, 2012 and was paid on October 15, 2012.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Refer to the Company’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K for a complete discussion regarding our critical accounting policies.

 

Impairment of Real Estate Investments

 

When circumstances indicate the carrying value of a property may not be recoverable, the Company reviews the asset for impairment. This review is based on an estimate of the future undiscounted cash flows, excluding interest charges, expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition. The review also considers factors such as expected future operating income, market and other applicable trends and residual value, as well as the effects of leasing demand, competition and other factors.

 

If impairment exists due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a property an impairment loss would be recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property for properties to be held and used. For properties held for sale, the impairment loss would be the adjustment to fair value less the estimated cost to dispose of the asset. These assessments have a direct impact on net income because recording an impairment loss results in an immediate negative adjustment to net income. There was no indication of impairment as of September 30, 2012.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

 

In April 2011 the FASB issued ASU 2011-03, Transfers and Servicing’s (Topic 860): Reconsideration of Effective Control for Repurchase Agreements. ASU 2011-03 changes the assessment of effective control by focusing on the transferor’s contractual rights and obligations and removing the criterion to assess the ability to exercise those rights or honor those obligations. ASU 2011-03 is effective for the interim or annual period beginning on or after December 15, 2011. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of ASU 2011-03 will have on its results from operations or financial position.

 

In May 2011 the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs. ASU 2011-04 establishes common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in GAAP and IFRS. ASU 2011-04 amends topic 820 by clarifying the intent of the application of existing fair value measurement and disclosure requirements. The amendments in this update also change the fair value measurement of financial instruments that are managed within a portfolio subject to market risks and the credit risk of counterparties, the application of premiums and discounts in a fair value measurement, and require additional fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2011-04 will be applied prospectively and is effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU 2011-04 did not have a material effect on the Company’s results from operations or financial position.

13
 

 

In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income. ASU 2011-05 gives two options for presenting other comprehensive income (“OCI”). An OCI statement can be included with the net income statement, which together will make a statement of total comprehensive income. Alternatively an OCI statement may be presented separately from a net income statement, but the two statements must appear consecutively within a financial report. Currently, ASU 2011-05 will be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. In October 2011, the FASB announced that it is considering deferring certain provisions in ASU 2011-05 related to the presentation and reclassification adjustments from other comprehensive income to net income. The adoption of ASU 2011-05 did not have an impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial position as it only impacts required disclosures. The Company did not have other comprehensive income or losses during the period January 1, 2012 to June 30, 2012 or March 7, 2011 (inception) to March 31, 2011.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

We may be exposed to the effects of interest rate changes as a result of borrowings used to maintain liquidity and to fund the acquisition, expansion and refinancing of our real estate investment portfolio and operations. We may also be exposed to the effects of changes in interest rates as a result of the acquisition and origination of mortgage, mezzanine, bridge and other loans. Our profitability and the value of our investment portfolio may be adversely affected during any period as a result of interest rate changes. Our interest rate risk management objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings, prepayment penalties and cash flows and to lower overall borrowing costs. We may manage interest rate risk by maintaining a ratio of fixed rate, long-term debt such that floating rate exposure is kept at an acceptable level. In addition, we may utilize a variety of financial instruments, including interest rate caps, floors, and swap agreements, in order to limit the effects of changes in interest rates on our operations. When we use these types of derivatives to hedge the risk of interest-earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities, we may be subject to certain risks, including the risk that losses on a hedge position will reduce the funds available for payments to holders of our common stock and that the losses may exceed the amount we invested in the instruments.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

As of the end of the period covered by this report, management, including our chief executive officer and chief accounting officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon, and as of the date of, the evaluation, our chief executive officer and chief accounting officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file and submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported as and when required. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file and submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

No change occurred in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 that has materially affected, or is reasonable likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we are not a party to any material pending legal proceedings.

14
 

 

Items 1A. Risk Factors

 

There have been no material changes from the risk factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 2011.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and use of Proceeds

 

None

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None

 

Item 4. Reserved

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit No. Description
   
31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 301 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
31.2 Certification of Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
32.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as created by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
32.2 Certification of Chief Accounting Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as created by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
101.INS XBRL Instance
   
101.XSD XBRL Schema
   
101.CAL XBRL Calculation
   
101.DEF XBRL Definition
   
101.LAB XBRL Label
   
101.PRE XBRL Presentation

 

15
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on our behalf by the undersigned, hereunto duly authorized.

 

PLYMOUTH OPPORTUNITY REIT, INC.

 

 

By: /s/ Jeffrey E. Witherell      

Jeffrey E. Witherell,

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors

By: /s/ Donna Brownell        

Donna Brownell,

Executive Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer and Treasurer

 

Dated: November 13, 2012

16