Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of Brenham Oil & Gas Corp. (Brenham) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in Brenham's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC for the year ended December 31, 2011. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of financial position and the results of operations for the interim periods presented have been reflected herein. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. Notes to the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements that would substantially duplicate the disclosures contained in the audited financial statements for the most recent fiscal year as reported in the Form 10-K have been omitted.
Organization, Ownership and Business
Brenham Oil & Gas, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the State of Texas in November 1997 and became a wholly-owned subsidiary of American International Industries, Inc. ("American") in November 1997. On April 21, 2010, the Company was re-domiciled in Nevada as Brenham Oil & Gas Corp. and Brenham Oil & Gas, Inc. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Brenham. American was issued 64,977,093 shares of common stock of Brenham in connection with the reorganization in exchange for all shares outstanding of Brenham Oil & Gas, Inc. The reorganization has been retroactively applied to the consolidated financial statements for all periods presented.
We have an oil and gas mineral royalty interest covering a twenty-four acre tract of land located in Washington County, Texas, which is carried on the balance sheet at $0. The royalty interest is currently leased by Anadarko Petroleum Corporation for a term continuing until the covered minerals are no longer produced in paying quantities from the leased premises. In July 2011, we purchased unproved property.
Royalties on the minerals produced are currently incidental and paid to Brenham as follows: (i) for oil and other liquid hydrocarbons, and (ii) for gas (including casing-head gas), the royalty is one-sixth of the net proceeds realized by Anadarko Petroleum Corporation on the sale thereof, less a proportionate part of ad valorem taxes and production, severance, or other excise taxes. In addition, Brenham is entitled to shut-in royalties of $1 per acre of land for every ninety day period within which one or more of the wells in leased premises, or lands pooled therewith, are capable of producing paying quantities, but such wells are either shut-in or production is not being sold. From November 7, 1997 (inception) through September 30, 2012, Brenham has received $111,647 in royalty income, which is in revenue in the consolidated statement of operations.
Brenham is an exploration stage company and will continue to be so until commencement of substantial production from its oil and gas operations.
Use of Estimates
In preparing financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Certain reclassifications have been made to amounts in prior periods to conform to the current period presentation. All reclassifications have been applied consistently to the periods presented.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Brenham considers all short-term securities purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.
Accounts receivable consist primarily of advances to related parties and are carried at the expected net realizable value.
Oil & Gas Properties Unproved
Currently, oil & gas properties owned by Brenham have minimal production to maintain the lease and are considered unproved. Management will assess the appropriate method of accounting to use for amortization, successful efforts or full cost, once these properties have been proved.
Brenham is a taxable entity and recognizes deferred tax assets and liabilities for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. The effect on the deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the year that includes the enactment date of the rate change. A valuation allowance is used to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. Interest and penalties associated with income taxes are included in selling, general and administrative expense.
Brenham has adopted ASC 740-10 Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes which prescribes a comprehensive model of how a company should recognize, measure, present, and disclose in its financial statements uncertain tax positions that the company has taken or expects to take on a tax return. ASC 740-10 states that a tax benefit from an uncertain position may be recognized if it is "more likely than not" that the position is sustainable, based upon its technical merits. The tax benefit of a qualifying position is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement with a taxing authority having full knowledge of all relevant information. As of September 30, 2012, Brenham had not recorded any tax benefits from uncertain tax positions.
Net Loss Per Share
Net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during a period. The weighted average number of shares was calculated by taking the number of shares outstanding and weighting them by the amount of time that they were outstanding. Basic and diluted net losses per share were the same, as there were no common stock equivalents outstanding.
Brenham has evaluated all transactions from September 30, 2012 through the financial statement issuance date for subsequent event disclosure consideration.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
There were various accounting standards and interpretations issued recently, none of which are expected to a have a material impact on our financial position, operations or cash flows.