Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPFinancial_Report.xls
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR5.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR6.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR8.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR7.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR9.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR4.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR3.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR2.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR32.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR20.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR18.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR17.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR15.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR10.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR28.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR30.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR22.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR27.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR21.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR25.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR12.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR24.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR11.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR34.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR31.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR29.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR19.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR33.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR16.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR13.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR14.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR26.htm
EX-31.2 - CYTRX CORPex31-2.htm
EX-31.1 - CYTRX CORPex31-1.htm
EX-32.1 - CYTRX CORPex32-1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CYTRX CORPR23.htm
EX-32.2 - CYTRX CORPex32-2.htm
 
 
 




UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

R
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012

OR

£
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 
For the transition period from       _____________        to        _____________           


Commission file number 0-15327

CytRx Corporation
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
58-1642740
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

11726 San Vicente Blvd., Suite 650
Los Angeles, CA
90049
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

(310) 826-5648
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes R     No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes R  No £

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer £
Accelerated filer R
Non-accelerated filer £
Smaller reporting company £
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12(b)-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes £     No R
 
Number of shares of CytRx Corporation common stock, $.001 par value, outstanding as of November 8, 2012: 30,417,370 shares exclusive of treasury shares.







 

 


CYTRX CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS


 
Page
PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Financial Statements
2
Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
11
Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
16
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
16
   
PART II. — OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 6.Exhibits
16
   
SIGNATURES
17
   
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
18


 
1

 


PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
Item 1. — Financial Statements
 
CYTRX CORPORATION
CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)

 
 
 
September 30, 2012
   
December 31, 2011
 
ASSETS
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 12,453,637     $ 17,988,590  
Short-term investments
    10,000,000       18,057,672  
Receivable
    82,899       175,704  
Interest receivable
    25,605       41,275  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,200,084       1,017,799  
Total current assets
    23,762,225       37,281,040  
Equipment and furnishings, net
    302,316       266,335  
Goodwill
    183,780       183,780  
Other assets
    110,469       123,268  
Total assets
  $ 24,358,790     $ 37,854,423  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
                 
Current liabilities:
  Accounts payable
  $ 2,584,977     $ 2,074,463  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
    5,297,089       4,786,956  
Warrant liabilities
    12,718,950       6,738,934  
Total current liabilities
    20,601,016       13,600,353  
Stockholders’ equity (2011 restated to reflect a 1-for-7 reverse common stock split, see Note 1):
               
Preferred Stock, $.01 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, including 25,000 shares of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock; no shares issued and outstanding
           
Common stock, $.001 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized;  21,307,916 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2012 and 21,294,413 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2011
    21,308       21,294  
Additional paid-in capital
    238,769,155       237,452,308  
Treasury stock, at cost (90,546 shares)
    (2,279,238 )     (2,279,238 )
Accumulated deficit
    (232,753,451 )     (210,940,294 )
Total stockholders’ equity
    3,757,774       24,254,070  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 24,358,790     $ 37,854,423  



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.


 
2

 


CYTRX CORPORATION
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)



   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
Revenue:
                       
License revenue
  $     $     $     $ 150,000  
 
Expenses:
                               
Research and development
    3,157,656       3,220,098       10,245,637       9,927,458  
General and administrative
    1,729,893       1,739,148       5,736,464       5,913,209  
      4,887,549       4,959,246       15,982,101       15,840,667  
                                 
Loss before other income
    (4,887,549 )     (4,959,246 )     (15,982,101 )     (15,690,667 )
Other income:
                               
Interest income
    25,034       56,452       88,039       162,151  
Other income, net
    10,370       28,468       60,921       81,118  
Gain (loss) on warrant derivative liability
    6,436,342       4,316,560       (5,980,016 )     5,494,322  
                                 
Income (loss) before provision for income taxes
    1,584,197       (557,766 )     (21,813,157 )     (9,953,076 )
Provision for income taxes
                       
Net income (loss)
  $ 1,584,197     $ (557,766 )   $ (21,813,157 )   $ (9,953,076 )
                                 
Other comprehensive income (net of tax)
Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities
          (263,340 )           115,920  
                                 
Comprehensive income (loss)
  $ 1,584,197     $ (821,106 )   $ (21,813,157 )   $ (9,837,156 )
                                 
Basic net income (loss) per share
  $ 0.07     $ (0.03 )   $ (1.03 )   $ (0.59 )
                                 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding
    21,208,660       19,256,041       21,208,960       16,834,600  
                                 
Diluted net income (loss) per share
  $ 0.07     $ (0.03 )   $ (1.03 )   $ (0.59 )
                                 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
    21,724,986       19,256,041       21,208,960       16,834,600  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements

 
3

 


CYTRX CORPORATION
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

   
   
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
2012
   
2011
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net loss
  $ (21,813,157 )   $ (9,953,076 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    87,199       70,498  
Retirement of fixed assets
    6,257       6,557  
Stock option and warrant expense
    1,309,660       1,124,514  
Fair value adjustment on warrant liability
    5,980,016       (5,494,322 )
Changes in assets and liabilities:
               
Receivable
    92,805       221,249  
Interest receivable
    15,670       95,069  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    (169,486 )     (1,344,763 )
Income taxes recoverable
          519,158  
Accounts payable
    506,038       1,809,299  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
    510,133       1,668,488  
Net cash used in operating activities
    (13,474,865 )     (11,277,329 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Net proceeds from sale of marketable securities
    8,057,672       9,510,189  
Proceeds from sale of unconsolidated subsidiary shares
          6,938,603  
Purchases of equipment and furnishings
    (124,960 )     (51,429 )
Net cash provided by investing activities
    7,932,712       16,397,363  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Net proceeds from exercise of stock options
    7,200        
Net proceeds from the issuance of common shares
          18,943,119  
Net cash provided by financing activities
    7,200       18,943,119  
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash
    (5,534,953 )     24,063,153  
Cash at beginning of period
    17,988,590       6,324,430  
Cash at end of period
  $ 12,453,637     $ 30,387,583  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
               
  Fixed assets purchased on credit
  $ 4,476     $  
Cash paid during the period for income taxes
  $ 47,334     $  



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.


 

 
4

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
September 30, 2012
(Unaudited)

1.  Description of Company and Basis of Presentation
 
CytRx Corporation (“CytRx” or the “Company”) is a biopharmaceutical research and development company engaged in the development of high-value human therapeutics, specializing in oncology. CytRx’s oncology pipeline currently consists of two programs in clinical development for cancer indications: aldoxorubicin (formerly known as INNO-206) and tamibarotene. With its tumor-targeted doxorubicin conjugate aldoxorubicin, CytRx has initiated an international Phase 2b clinical trial as a treatment for soft tissue sarcomas, has completed its Phase 1b/2 clinical trial primarily in the same indication, and recently initiated a Phase 1b pharmacokinetics clinical trial in patients with metastatic solid tumors, a Phase 2 trial for patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and a Phase 1b study of aldoxorubicin in combination with doxorubicin in patients with advanced solid tumors.  The Company held a positive meeting with the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) to discuss a potential Phase 3 pivotal trial as a therapy for patients with soft tissue sarcomas whose tumors have progressed following treatment with chemotherapy, and is planning to submit a special protocol assessment in the fourth quarter of 2012 with respect to that potential trial. Tamibarotene is being tested in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, international Phase 2b clinical trial in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, and is in a Phase 2 clinical trial as a treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The Company also has completed its evaluation of a third drug candidate, bafetinib, in the ENABLE Phase 2 clinical trial in high-risk B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), and plans to seek a partner for further development of bafetinib.
 
The accompanying condensed financial statements at September 30, 2012 and for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, are unaudited, but include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring entries, that management believes to be necessary for a fair presentation of the periods presented. Prior period figures have been reclassified, wherever necessary, to conform to current presentation. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. Balance sheet amounts as of December 31, 2011 have been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements as of that date.
 
The financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. The Company’s operating results will fluctuate for the foreseeable future. Therefore, period-to-period comparisons should not be relied upon as predictive of the results in future periods.
 
Effective May 15, 2012, the Company completed a 1-for-7 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock; no change was made to the per-share par value per share of the common stock or to the number of shares of authorized common stock. All share and per share amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split as if it had occurred at the beginning of the earliest period presented.
 
2.  Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In September, 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2011-08, Testing Goodwill for Impairment, permitting entities to determine first whether it is necessary to apply the traditional two-step goodwill impairment test, based on qualitative factors.  An entity also has the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to the first step of the two-step goodwill impairment test; an entity may resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period.  Also under the amendments, an entity is no longer permitted to carry forward its detailed calculation of a reporting unit’s fair value from a prior year.  The Update also includes examples of events and circumstances for an entity to consider in evaluating whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, which supersede the previous examples of events and circumstances that an entity should consider when testing goodwill for impairment between annual tests.  An entity having a reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount will also consider the revised list of factors in determining whether to perform the second step of the impairment test.  The ASU is effective for annual and interim goodwill impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011.  Adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
   
In September, 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2012-02, Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment, providing entities with an option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether events or circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired.  If an entity concludes that it is more than 50% likely that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is not impaired, no further analysis is required.  However, if an entity concludes otherwise, it would be required to determine the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset to measure the amount of actual impairment, if any, as currently required under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). The ASU is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. Early adoption is permitted, including for annual and interim impairment tests performed as of a date before July 27, 2012, if a public entity’s financial statements for the most recent annual or interim period have not yet been issued, or for non-public entities, have not yet been made available for issuance. Adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In June 2011, the FASB issued a final standard, requiring entities to present net income and other comprehensive income in either a single continuous statement or in two separate, but consecutive, statements of net income and other comprehensive income. The new standard eliminates the option to present items of other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity. The new requirements do not change which components of comprehensive income are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income, or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income. Also, earnings per share computations do not change. The new requirements are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, with early adoption permitted. Full retrospective application is required. The adoption of this accounting standard did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
 
In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standard (“IFRS”), to converge fair value measurement and disclosure guidance in U.S. GAAP with the guidance in the International Accounting Standards Board’s (“IASB”) concurrently issued IFRS 13, Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in ASU 2011-04 do not modify the requirements for when fair value measurements apply; rather, they generally represent clarifications on how to measure and disclose fair value under ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in the ASU 2011-04 were effective prospectively for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
   
 
5

 
3.  Short-term Investments
 
The Company held $10.0 million of short-term investments at September 30, 2012.  The Company has classified these investments as available for sale.  These investments are comprised of federally insured certificates of deposit as follows: $7.0 million with a maturity date of October 4, 2012; and $3.0 million with a maturity date of March 28, 2013.
 
4.  Investment in ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals
 
On April 8, 2011, ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals completed its acquisition of SynthRx, Inc., in which the Company held a 19.1% interest. In the transaction, the Company received approximately 126,000 shares of common stock of ADVENTRX, which it sold on October 11, 2011 for approximately $112,200.  In April 2012, the Company received an additional 38,000 shares of common stock of ADVENTRX that had been held in an escrow established in connection with the acquisition, which shares were subsequently sold for approximately $18,000.  If all of the development milestones under the acquisition agreement were to be achieved, the Company also would be entitled to receive up to 2.9 million additional ADVENTRX shares.
 
5. Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
 
Basic and diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Common share equivalents (which consist of options and warrants) are excluded from the computation of diluted net income (loss) per common share where the effect would be anti-dilutive.  Common share equivalents that could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future, and which were excluded from the computation of diluted income (loss) per share, totaled 9.1 million shares and 9.6 million shares for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and 9.1 million shares and 2.7 million shares, respectively, for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2011.
 
6. Warrant Liabilities
 
Liabilities measured at market value on a recurring basis include warrant liabilities resulting from the Company’s past equity financings, including the underwritten public offering that closed on August 1, 2011.  In accordance with ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging – Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (“ASC 815-40”), the warrant liabilities are being marked to market until they are completely settled.  The warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes method, using assumptions consistent with our application of ASC 505-50, Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees (“ASC 505-50”).  The gain or loss resulting from the marked to market calculation is shown on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as gain (loss) on warrant derivative liability. The Company recognized a gain of $6.4 million and $4.3 million for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and a gain (loss) of ($6.0 million) and $5.5 million for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
7.  Stock Based Compensation
 
The Company has a 2000 Long-Term Incentive Plan under which 1.4 million shares of common stock were originally reserved for issuance.  As of September 30, 2012, there were approximately 1.0 million shares subject to outstanding stock options. This plan expired on August 6, 2010, and thus no further shares are available for future grant under this plan.
 
The Company also has a 2008 Stock Incentive Plan under which 10.0 million shares of common stock were originally reserved for issuance.  The number of shares reserved for issuance under the 2008 Plan was then fixed at 5.0 million shares, after giving effect to the 1-for-7 reverse stock split implemented on May 15, 2012.  As of September 30, 2012, there were 0.9 million shares subject to outstanding stock options and 4.1 million shares available for future grant under this plan.
 
The Company has adopted the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation, which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based awards made to employees.
 
For stock options and stock warrants paid in consideration of services rendered by non-employees, the Company recognizes compensation expense in accordance with the requirements of ASC 505-50.
 
Non-employee option grants that do not vest immediately upon grant are recorded as an expense over the vesting period. At the end of each financial reporting period, the value of these options, as calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, is determined, and compensation expense recognized or recovered during the period is adjusted accordingly. Since the fair market value of options granted to non-employees is subject to change in the future, the amount of the future compensation expense is subject to adjustment until the common stock options are fully vested.
 

 
6

 

    The following table sets forth the total stock-based compensation expense resulting from stock options and warrants included in the Company’s unaudited interim statements of operations:
 
   
Three Months Ended
September 30,
   
Nine months Ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
Research and development — employee
  $ 95,715     $ 80,581     $ 289,081     $ 251,902  
General and administrative — employee
    177,391       202,957       614,470       744,231  
Total employee stock-based compensation
  $ 273,106     $ 283,538     $ 903,551     $ 996,133  
                                 
Research and development — non-employee
  $     $ 10,246     $     $ 51,730  
General and administrative — non-employee
    177,617       (11,657 )     406,109       76,651  
Total non-employee stock-based compensation
  $ 177,617     $ (1,411 )   $ 406,109     $ 128,381  

During the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, the Company issued stock options to purchase 53,502 shares of its common stock. The fair value of the stock options granted in the current nine-month period was estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, based on the following assumptions:
 
   
Nine months Ended September 30, 2012
   
Nine months Ended September 30, 2011
 
Risk-free interest rate
    1.54 %     2.05 %
Expected volatility
    89.7% - 97.7 %     87.7% - 90.0 %
Expected lives (years)
    6 - 10       6  
Expected dividend yield
    0.00 %     0.00 %

The Company’s computation of expected volatility is based on the historical daily volatility of its publicly traded stock. For option grants issued during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, the Company used a calculated volatility for each grant. The Company uses historical information to compute expected lives. In the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, the contractual term of the options granted was ten years and the Company used between six and ten years as the expected life. The dividend yield assumption of zero is based upon the fact the Company has never paid cash dividends and presently has no intention of paying cash dividends. The risk-free interest rate used for each grant is equal to the U.S. Treasury rates in effect at the time of the grant for instruments with a similar expected life. Based on historical experience, for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, the Company has estimated an annualized forfeiture rate of 14% for options granted to its employees, 2% for options granted to senior management and 0% for options granted to directors and non-employees. For the comparative nine-month period ended September 30, 2011, the Company had estimated an annualized forfeiture rate of 13% for options granted to its employees, 2% for options granted to senior management and 0% for options granted to directors and non-employees. Compensation costs will be adjusted for future changes in estimated forfeitures. The Company will record additional expense if the actual forfeitures are lower than estimated and will record a recovery of prior expense if the actual forfeiture rates are higher than estimated. No amounts relating to employee stock-based compensation have been capitalized.
 
 
 
 

 
7

 
   
As of September 30, 2012, there remained approximately $0.9 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options granted to current and former employees, directors and consultants, to be recognized as expense over a weighted-average period of 0.98 years. Presented below is the Company’s stock option activity:
 
 
 
Nine months Ended September 30, 2012
 
 
 
 
Number of Options (Employees)
   
Number of Options (Non-Employees)
   
Total Number of Options
   
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2012
    1,763,923       143,572       1,907,495     $ 6.06  
Granted
    53,502             53,502     $ 2.77  
Exercised
    (1,071 )     (1,429 )     (2,500 )   $ 2.88  
Forfeited or expired
    (38,528 )                           (38,528 )   $ 4.52  
Outstanding at September 30, 2012
    1,777,826       142,143       1,919,969     $ 5.97  
Options exercisable at September 30, 2012
    1,314,592       124,286       1,438,878     $ 6.82  

A summary of the unvested stock options as of September 30, 2012, and changes during the nine-month period then ended, is presented below:
 
   
Number of Options (Employees)
 
Number of Options (Non-Employees)
 
Total Number of Options
   
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
 
Non-vested at January 1, 2012
    693,504     17,857     711,361     $ 3.28  
Granted
    53,502         53,502     $ 2.32  
Forfeited or expired
    (38,528 )       (38,528 )   $ 3.50  
Vested
    (245,244 )       (245,244 )   $ 3.38  
Non-vested at September 30, 2012
    463,234     17,857     481,091     $ 3.08  

The following table summarizes significant ranges of outstanding stock options under the Company’s plans at September 30, 2012:

Range of Exercise
Prices
 
Number of Options
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Life (years)
   
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
Number of Options Exercisable
 
Weighted-Average Contractual Life
   
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
 
$1.96 - 3.00
    631,075     8.57     $ 2.29     281,401     8.57     $ 2.42  
$3.01 –7.00
    202,799     5.61     $ 5.39     196,037     5.61     $ 5.40  
$7.01 –8.50
    944,688     5.38     $ 7.66     826,600     5.38     $ 7.72  
$8.51 – 32.55
    141,407     2.08     $ 12.75     134,840     2.08     $ 12.75  
      1,919,969     6.20     $ 5.97     1,438,878     6.20     $ 6.82  
   
    The aggregate intrinsic value of outstanding options as of September 30, 2012 was $1.4 million, which represents options whose exercise price was less than the closing fair market value of the Company’s common stock on
September 28, 2012 of $3.63.
 
 
8

 
 
8. Fair Value Measurements
 
    Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on the balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure the fair value.  Level inputs are as follows:

Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 – other significant observable inputs for the assets or liabilities through corroboration with market data at the measurement date.

Level 3 – significant unobservable inputs that reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use to price the assets or liabilities at the measurement date.

   The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at September 30, 2012 for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

(In thousands)
 
Level I
   
Level II
   
Level III
   
Total
 
Cash equivalents
  $ 11,685     $     $     $ 11,685  
Short-term investments
    10,000                   10,000  
Warrant liability
                12,719       12,719  

The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2011 for assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

(In thousands)
 
Level I
   
Level II
   
Level III
   
Total
 
Cash equivalents
  $ 17,073     $     $     $ 17,073  
Short-term investments
    18,058                   18,058  
Warrant liability
                6,739       6,739  

Liabilities measured at market value on a recurring basis include warrant liabilities resulting from the Company’s July 2009 and August 2011 equity financings. In accordance with ASC 815-40, the warrant liabilities are being marked to market each quarter-end until they are completely settled. The warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes method, using assumptions consistent with the Company’s application of ASC 505-50. See Warrant Liabilities above.
 
The Company considers carrying amounts of accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses to approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these financial instruments.  
 
The Company’s non-financial assets are measured at fair value when there is an indicator of impairment and recorded at fair value only when an impairment charge is recognized.  The Company’s non-financial assets were not material at September 30, 2012 or 2011.
 
9. Sale of Assets
 
On May 13, 2011, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with Orphazyme ApS (“Orphazyme”) pursuant to which it sold to Orphazyme certain pre-clinical and clinical data, intellectual property rights and other assets relating to its compounds associated with molecular chaperone regulation technology.  Under the Asset Purchase Agreement, the Company received a cash payment of $150,000 and is entitled to receive various future payments that will be contingent upon the achievement of specified regulatory and business milestones, as well as royalty payments based on a specified percentage of any eventual net sales of products derived from the assets.  The Company also will be entitled to a percentage-based fee from any licensing agreement entered into by Orphazyme with respect to the assets within 18 months after entering into the Asset Purchase Agreement.
 
10.      Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At September 30, 2012, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $12.5 million and short-term investments of approximately $10.0 million.  Management believes that the Company’s current cash on hand, together with its short term investments and approximately $21.4 million of net proceeds received from the Company’s underwritten public offering on October 23, 2012 described in Note 13, below, for a total of approximately $43.9 million, will be sufficient to fund its operations for the foreseeable future.  The estimate is based, in part, upon the Company’s currently projected expenditures for the remainder of 2012 and the first nine months of 2013 of approximately $20.0 million, which includes approximately $7.8 million for its clinical programs for aldoxorubicin, approximately $3.0 million for its clinical program for tamibarotene, approximately $0.2 million for its clinical programs for bafetinib, approximately $2.1 million for general operation of its clinical programs, and approximately $6.9 million for other general and administrative expenses. These projected expenditures are also based upon numerous other assumptions and subject to many uncertainties, and actual expenditures may be significantly different from these projections.
 
If the Company obtains marketing approval and successfully commercializes its product candidates, the Company anticipates it will take several years, and possibly longer, for it to generate significant recurring revenue.  The Company will be dependent on future financing and possible strategic partnerships or asset sales until such time, if ever, as it can generate significant recurring revenue. The Company has no commitments from third parties to provide any additional financing, and it may not be able to obtain future financing on favorable terms, or at all. If the Company fails to obtain sufficient funding when needed, it may be forced to delay, scale back or eliminate all or a portion of its development programs or clinical trials, seek to license to other companies its product candidates or technologies that it would prefer to develop and commercialize itself, or seek to sell some or all of its assets or merge with or be acquired by another company.
 
11. Equity Transactions
 
On October 23, 2012, the Company completed a $23.0 million underwritten public offering, in which it sold and issued 9.2 million shares of common stock.  Net of underwriting discounts, legal, accounting and other offering expenses, the Company received proceeds of approximately $21.4 million.
 
Effective May 15, 2012, the Company completed a 1-for-7 reverse stock split of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock; no change was made to the per-share par value per share of the common stock or to the number of shares of authorized common stock.
 
On August 1, 2011, the Company completed a $20.4 million underwritten public offering, in which it sold and issued 5.6 million shares of common stock and warrants to purchase up to approximately 6.4 million shares of common stock at a price of $0.07 per warrant at an exercise price of $4.48 per share.  Net of underwriting discounts, legal, accounting and other offering expenses, the Company received proceeds of approximately $18.9 million.
 
On July 8, 2011, the Company effected an increase in the authorized shares of common stock from 175,000,000 shares to 250,000,000 shares and an increase in the designated number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock associated with the Company’s rights plan from 15,000 shares to 25,000 shares.

 
9

 

12. Income Taxes
 
Our utilization of net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards may be subject to a substantial annual limitation due to ownership change provisions of Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), as well as similar state and foreign provisions. These provisions limit the amount of NOL carryforwards that can be utilized annually to offset future taxable income and income tax following an “ownership change,” defined by Section 382 of the Code to mean a transaction or series of transactions over a three-year period resulting in an ownership change of more than 50 percentage points of the market value of a company by certain stockholders or public groups.  As a result of our underwritten public offerings on August 1, 2011 and October 23, 2012, we experienced an ownership change. The Company is performing a study to determine the extent of the limitation.  Due to the existence of the valuation allowance, future changes in the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits will not impact its effective tax rate. Any carryforwards that expire prior to our utilization as a result of such limitations will be removed, if applicable, from deferred tax assets with a corresponding reduction of the valuation allowance.
 
13. Subsequent events
 
On October 23, 2012, the Company completed a $23.0 million underwritten public offering.  In the offering, the Company sold and issued 9.2 million shares of common stock at a price of $2.50 per share.  Net of underwriting discounts, legal, accounting and other offering expenses, the Company received proceeds of approximately $21.4 million.  Immediately after the sale, the Company had approximately 30.5 million shares of common stock outstanding, without giving effect to the possible exercise of any of the Company’s outstanding warrants or stock options.
 
The following selected pro forma balance sheet data is derived from our balance sheet as of September 30, 2012 and gives retroactive effect to the completion of the underwritten offering, but does not give effect to other events that occurred since September 30, 2012 and thus may not be indicative of our current financial condition. The information should be read in conjunction with our balance sheet as of September 30, 2012 and related notes.
 
 
 
 
 
Actual as of
September 30, 2012
   
Adjustments Related to October 2012
Financing
   
Pro Forma as of September 30, 2012
 
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
   
(Unaudited)
 
ASSETS
                 
                   
Current assets:
                 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 12,453,637     $ 21,400,000     $ 33,853,637  
Short-term investments
    10,000,000             10,000,000  
Prepaid and other current assets
    1,308,588             1,308,588  
Total current assets
    23,762,225       21,400,000       45,162,225  
Non-current assets
    596,565             596,565  
Total assets
  $ 24,358,790     $ 21,400,000     $ 45,758,790  
                         
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                 
                         
Total current liabilities
  $ 20,601,016     $ —      $ 20,601,016  
                         
Stockholders’ equity:
                       
Common Stock
    21,308       9,200       30,508  
Additional paid-in-capital
    238,769,155       21,390,800       260,159,955  
Treasury stock, at cost
    (2,279,238 )           (2,279,238 )
Accumulated deficit
    (232,753,451 )           (232,753,451 )
Total stockholders’ equity
    3,757,774       21,400,000       25,157,774  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 24,358,790     $ 21,400,000     $ 45,758,790  


 
10

 

Item 2. — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward Looking Statements
 
From time to time, we make oral and written statements that may constitute “forward-looking statements” (rather than historical facts) as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 or by the SEC in its rules, regulations and releases, including Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 for forward-looking statements made from time to time, including, but not limited to, the forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report, as well as those made in our other filings with the SEC.
 
All statements in this Quarterly Report, including statements in this section, other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements for purposes of these provisions, including statements of our current views with respect to the recent developments regarding our business strategy, business plan and research and development activities, our future financial results, and other future events. These statements include forward-looking statements both with respect to us, specifically, and the biotechnology industry, in general. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “potential” or “could” or the negative thereof or other comparable terminology. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, there can be no assurance that such expectations or any of the forward-looking statements will prove to be correct, and actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in the forward-looking statements.
 
All forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties, and there are or will be important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to, those factors discussed in this section and under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, all of which should be reviewed carefully. If one or more of these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may vary materially from what we anticipate. Please consider our forward-looking statements in light of those risks as you read this Quarterly Report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.
 
Overview
 
CytRx Corporation (“CytRx,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) is a biopharmaceutical research and development company engaged in the development of high-value human therapeutics, specializing in oncology. Our oncology pipeline currently consists of two programs in clinical development for cancer indications: aldoxorubicin (formerly known as INNO-206) and tamibarotene. With our tumor-targeted doxorubicin conjugate aldoxorubicin, we have initiated an international Phase 2b clinical trial as a treatment for soft tissue sarcomas, have completed our Phase 1b/2 clinical trial primarily in the same indication, and recently initiated a Phase 1b pharmacokinetics clinical trial in patients with metastatic solid tumors, a Phase 2 trial for patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and a Phase 1b study of aldoxorubicin in combination with doxorubicin in patients with advanced solid tumors.  We held a positive meeting with the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) to discuss a potential Phase 3 pivotal trial as a therapy for patients with soft tissue sarcomas whose tumors have progressed following treatment with chemotherapy, and are planning to submit a special protocol assessment in the fourth quarter of 2012 with respect to that potential trial. Tamibarotene is being testing in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, international Phase 2b clinical trial in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, and is in a Phase 2 clinical trial as a treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We also have completed our evaluation of a third drug candidate, bafetinib, in the ENABLE Phase 2 clinical trial in high-risk B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), and plan to seek a partner for further development of bafetinib.
 

 

 
11

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, impairment of long-lived assets, including finite-lived intangible assets, research and development expenses and clinical trial expenses and stock-based compensation expense.
 
We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
Our significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 2 to our financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011. We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements:
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue consists of license fees from strategic alliances with pharmaceutical companies, as well as service and grant revenues. Service revenue consists of contract research and laboratory consulting. Grant revenues consist of government and private grants.
 
Monies received for license fees are deferred and recognized ratably over the performance period in accordance with  Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Codification Standards (“ASC”) ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition – Multiple-Element Arrangements (“ASC 605-25”). Milestone payments will be recognized upon achievement of the milestone as long as the milestone is deemed substantive and we have no other performance obligations related to the milestone and collectability is reasonably assured, which is generally upon receipt, or recognized upon termination of the agreement and all related obligations. Deferred revenue represents amounts received prior to revenue recognition.
 
Revenues from contract research, government grants, and consulting fees are recognized over the respective contract periods as the services are performed, provided there is persuasive evidence or an arrangement, the fee is fixed or determinable and collection of the related receivable is reasonably assured. Once all conditions of the grant are met and no contingencies remain outstanding, the revenue is recognized as grant fee revenue and an earned but unbilled revenue receivable is recorded.
 
Research and Development Expenses
 
Research and development expenses consist of costs incurred for direct and overhead-related research expenses and are expensed as incurred. Costs to acquire technologies, including licenses, that are utilized in research and development and that have no alternative future use are expensed when incurred. Technology developed for use in its products is expensed as incurred until technological feasibility has been established.
 
Clinical Trial Expenses
 
Clinical trial expenses, which are included in research and development expenses, include obligations resulting from our contracts with various clinical research organizations in connection with conducting clinical trials for our product candidates. We recognize expenses for these activities based on a variety of factors, including actual and estimated labor hours, clinical site initiation activities, patient enrollment rates, estimates of external costs and other activity-based factors. We believe that this method best approximates the efforts expended on a clinical trial with the expenses we record. We adjust our rate of clinical expense recognition if actual results differ from our estimates. If our estimates are incorrect, clinical trial expenses recorded in any particular period could vary.
 

 
12

 

Stock-Based Compensation
 
Our stock-based employee compensation plans are described in Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report. We have adopted the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all stock-based awards made to employees.
 
For stock options and stock warrants paid in consideration of services rendered by non-employees, we recognize compensation expense in accordance with the requirements of ASC 505-50, Equity-Based Payments to Non-Employees (“ASC 505-50”).
 
Non-employee option grants that do not vest immediately upon grant are recorded as an expense over the vesting period. At the end of each financial reporting period prior to performance, the value of these options, as calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, is determined, and compensation expense recognized or recovered during the period is adjusted accordingly. Since the fair market value of options granted to non-employees is subject to change in the future, the amount of the future compensation expense is subject to adjustment until the common stock options or warrants are fully vested.
 
The fair value of each stock option grant is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which uses certain assumptions related to risk-free interest rates, expected volatility, expected life of the stock options and future dividends. Compensation expense is recorded based upon the value derived from the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, based on an expected forfeiture rate that is adjusted for actual experience. If our Black-Scholes option-pricing model assumptions or our actual or estimated forfeiture rate are different in the future, that could materially affect compensation expense recorded in future periods.
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
 
We review long-lived assets, including finite-lived intangible assets, for impairment on an annual basis as of December 31, or on an interim basis if an event occurs that might reduce the fair value of such assets below their carrying values. An impairment loss would be recognized based on the difference between the carrying value of the asset and its estimated fair value, which would be determined based on either discounted future cash flows or other appropriate fair value methods. If our estimates used in the determination of either discounted future cash flows or other appropriate fair value methods are not accurate as compared to actual future results, we may be required to record an impairment charge.
 
Net Income (Loss) per Share
 
Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per common share computed using the weighted-average number of common share and common share equivalents outstanding. Potentially dilutive stock options and warrants to purchase 9.1 million shares and 9.6 million shares, respectively, for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, and 9.1 million shares and 2.7 million shares, respectively, for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2011, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted net income (loss) per share, because the effect would be anti-dilutive.
 
Warrant Liabilities
 
Liabilities measured at market value on a recurring basis include warrant liabilities resulting from our July 2009 and August 2011 equity financings. In accordance with ASC 815-40, Accounting for Derivative Financial Instruments Indexed to and Potentially Settled in a Company’s Own Stock (“ASC 815-40”), the warrant liabilities are being marked to market each quarter-end until they are completely settled. The warrants are valued using the Black-Scholes method, using assumptions consistent with our application of ASC 505-50. The gain or loss resulting from the marked to market calculation is shown on the statements of operations as a gain or loss on warrant derivative liability.
 
Investment in Adventrx Pharmaceuticals
 
On April 8, 2011, ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals completed its acquisition of SynthRx, Inc., in which we held a 19.1% interest. In the transaction, we received approximately 126,000 shares of common stock of ADVENTRX, which we sold on October 11, 2011 for approximately $112,200.  In April 2012, we received an additional 37,000 shares of common stock of ADVENTRX that had been held in an escrow established in connection with the acquisition, which shares were substantially sold for approximately $18,000.  If all of the development milestones under the acquisition agreement were to be achieved, we also would be entitled to receive up to 2.9 million additional ADVENTRX shares.
 

 
13

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
We have relied primarily upon proceeds from sales of our equity securities and the exercise of options and warrants, and to a much lesser extent upon payments from our strategic partners and licensees, to generate funds needed to finance our business and operations.
 
At September 30, 2012, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $12.5 million and short term investments of approximately $10.0 million.  Management believes that our current cash on hand, together with our short-term investments, and approximately $21.4 million of net proceeds received from our underwritten public offering on October 23, 2012, for a total of approximately $43.9 million, will be sufficient to fund our operations for the foreseeable future.  The estimate is based, in part, upon our currently projected expenditures for the remainder of 2012 and the first nine months of 2013 of approximately $20.0 million, which includes approximately $7.8 million for our clinical programs for aldoxorubicin, approximately $3.0 million for our clinical program for tamibarotene, approximately $0.2 million for our clinical programs for bafetinib, approximately $2.1 million for general operation of our clinical programs, and approximately $6.9 million for other general and administrative expenses. The projected expenditures are also based upon numerous other assumptions and subject to many uncertainties, and actual expenditures may be significantly different from these projections.
 
If we obtain marketing approval and successfully commercialize one or more of our product candidates, we anticipate it will take several years and possibly longer, for us to generate significant recurring revenue. We will be dependent on future financing and possible strategic partnerships or asset sales until such time, if ever, as we can generate significant recurring revenue. We have no commitments from third parties to provide us with any additional financing, and we may not be able to obtain future financing on favorable terms, or at all.  If we fail to obtain sufficient funding when needed, we may be forced to delay, scale back or eliminate all or a portion of our development programs or clinical trials, seek to license to other companies our product candidates or technologies that we would prefer to develop and commercialize ourselves, or seek to sell some or all of our assets or merge with or be acquired by another company.
 
We recorded a net income in the quarter ended September 30, 2012 of $1.6 million as compared to a net loss of $0.6 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2011, or an increase of $2.2 million, due principally to a $6.4 million gain on warrant derivative liability attributable primarily to the warrants issued in connection with the August 2011 equity financing, as compared to a $4.3 million gain on warrant derivative liability in the comparative period ended September 30, 2011.  There were no appreciable changes in our research and development or our general and administrative expenditures in the current quarter as compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2011.
 
In the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012, we received $7.9 million of cash from investing activities, as compared to $16.4 million of cash from investing activities in the comparable 2011 period. In the nine-month period ended September 30, 2011, we received $6.9 million from the sale of shares of RXi Pharmaceuticals Corporation (now known at Galena Biopharma, Inc.). There were no such sales in the comparative 2012 period. We received net proceeds from the sale of marketable securities of $8.1 million in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012; in the comparable 2011 period, net proceeds from the sale of marketable securities were $9.5 million. We utilized approximately $0.1 million for capital expenditures in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012 as compared to approximately $51,000 in the comparable 2011 period. We do not expect any significant capital spending during the next 12 months.
 
We received $7,200 from the exercise of stock options in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2012; in the nine-month period ended September 30, 2011, we realized net proceeds of approximately $18.9 million from an underwritten public offering. We continue to evaluate potential future sources of capital, as we do not currently have commitments from any third parties to provide us with additional capital. The results of our technology licensing efforts and the actual proceeds of any fund-raising activities will determine our ongoing ability to operate as a going concern. Our ability to obtain future financings through joint ventures, product licensing arrangements, royalty sales, equity financings, grants or otherwise is subject to market conditions and our ability to identify parties that are willing and able to enter into such arrangements on terms that are satisfactory to us. Depending upon the outcome of our fundraising efforts, the accompanying financial information may not necessarily be indicative of our future operating results or future financial condition.
 
As a development company that is primarily engaged in research and development activities, we expect to incur significant losses and negative cash flow from operating activities for the foreseeable future.  There can be no assurance that we will be able to generate revenues from our product candidates and become profitable.  Even if we become profitable, we may not be able to sustain that profitability.
 

 
14

 

Results of Operations
 
We recorded net income of approximately $1.6 million and a net loss of approximately $21.8 million for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to a net loss of approximately $0.6 million and $10.0 million for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2011, respectively. The increase in our net income during the current three-month period resulted from a gain on warrant derivative liability of $6.4 million associated with marking to market each quarter-end our warrant derivative liabilities until they are completely settled, as compared to a similar gain of $4.3 million in the comparative 2011 quarter.
 
We recognized no service revenue for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, and licensing revenue of $0 and $150,000 for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2011, respectively. All future licensing fees under our current licensing agreements are dependent upon successful development milestones being achieved by the licensor. During 2012, we do not anticipate receiving any significant licensing fees.
 
Research and Development
 
   
Three-Month Period Ended
September 30,
   
Nine-Month Period Ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(In thousands)
   
(In thousands)
 
Research and development expenses
  $ 3,052     $ 3,126     $ 9,937     $ 9,616  
Non-cash research and development expenses
          10             52  
Employee stock option expense
    96       81       289       252  
Depreciation and amortization
    10       3       20       7  
    $ 3,158     $ 3,220     $ 10,246     $ 9,927  

Research expenses are expenses incurred by us in the discovery of new information that will assist us in the creation and the development of new drugs or treatments. Development expenses are expenses incurred by us in our efforts to commercialize the findings generated through our research efforts.  Our research and development expenses, excluding stock option expense, non-cash expenses,  and depreciation expense, were $3.1 million and $9.9 million for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and $3.1 million and $9.6 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011.

Research and development expenses incurred during the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012 relate to our various development programs.  In the three-month period ended September 30, 2012, the development expenses of our program for aldoxorubicin were $1.7 million, the expenses of our program for tamibarotene were $0.7 million, and the expenses of our program for bafetinib were $0.03 million. The remainder of our research and development expenses primarily related to research and development support costs.
 
We sometimes issue equity securities as compensation to our consultants and in connection with the acquisition of technologies. For financial statement purposes, we record these transactions based on the fair value of the securities, or of the services received, whichever can be measured more reliably.  The value of non-employee options and warrants are marked to market using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and most of the compensation expense recognized or recovered during the period is adjusted accordingly. We recorded $0.1 million and $0.3 million of employee stock option expense during the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011.
 
General and Administrative Expenses
 
   
Three-Month Period Ended
September 30,
   
Nine-Month Period Ended
September 30,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(In thousands)
   
(In thousands)
 
General and administrative expenses
  $ 1,350     $ 1,525     $ 4,649     $ 5,029  
Non-cash general and administrative expenses
    178       (11 )     406       77  
Employee stock option expense
    177       203       614       744  
Depreciation and amortization
    25       22       67       63  
    $ 1,730     $ 1,739     $ 5,736     $ 5,913  
 
General and administrative expenses include all administrative salaries and general corporate expenses, including legal expenses associated with the prosecution of our intellectual property. Our general and administrative expenses, excluding stock option expense, non-cash expenses and depreciation expense, were $1.4 million and $4.6 million for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, $1.5 million and $5.0 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011. The professional fees in the 2011 period were higher due to the costs associated with the underwritten public offering.
 
Employee stock option expense relates to options granted to recruit and retain directors, officers and other employees.  We recorded approximately $0.2 million and $0.6 million of employee stock option expense in the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to $0.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011. We recorded approximately $0.2 million and $0.4 million of non-employee stock option expense in the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to $0 and $0.1 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011.
 
Depreciation and Amortization
 
Depreciation expense reflects the depreciation of our equipment and furnishings.

 
15

 
 
Interest Income
 
Interest income was $25,000 and $88,000 for the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2012, respectively, as compared to $56,000 and $0.2 million, respectively, for the same periods in 2011.  This was as a result of lower cash balances in the current 2012 periods, as well as a lower rate of return on our cash investments in 2012.
 
Item 3. — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
Our exposure to market risk is limited primarily to interest income sensitivity, which is affected by changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates, particularly because a significant portion of our investments are in short-term debt securities issued by the U.S. government and institutional money market funds. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal. Due to the nature of our short-term investments, we believe that we are not subject to any material market risk exposure. We do not have any derivative financial instruments or foreign currency instruments. If interest rates had varied by 10% in the three-month period ended September 30, 2012, it would not have had a material effect on our results of operations or cash flows for that period.
 
Item 4. — Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, performed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) as of the end of the quarterly period covered by this Quarterly Report. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC.
 
Changes in Controls over Financial Reporting
 
There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2012 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. We continually seek to assure that all of our controls and procedures are adequate and effective. Any failure to implement and maintain improvements in the controls over our financial reporting could cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations under the SEC’s rules and regulations. Any failure to improve our internal controls to address the weaknesses we have identified could also cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which could have a negative impact on the trading price of our common stock.
 
PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 6. — Exhibits

The exhibits listed in the accompanying Index to Exhibits are filed as part of this Quarterly Report and incorporated herein by reference.


 
16

 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 

 

 
 
CytRx Corporation
 
       
Date: November 8, 2012
By:
/s/ JOHN Y. CALOZ
 
   
John Y. Caloz
 
   
Chief Financial Officer
 
       

 

 
17

 

INDEX TO EXHIBITS
 
Exhibit
Number
 
 
Description
31.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a)
31.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 17 CFR 240.13a-14(a)
32.1
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32.2
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH
 
XBRL Schema Document
101.CAL
 
XBRL Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF
 
XBRL Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB
 
XBRL Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE
 
XBRL Presentation Linkbase Document

 
18