Attached files

file filename
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPFinancial_Report.xls
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR9.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR8.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR4.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR7.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR3.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR6.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR2.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR11.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR22.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR18.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR15.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR17.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR24.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR25.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR12.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR23.htm
EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPv325627_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPv325627_ex31-2.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPv325627_ex32-1.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR21.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR14.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR16.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR20.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR13.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR10.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR5.htm
XML - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPR19.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2012

 

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to _______________

 

Commission File Number 001-35521

 

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

WASHINGTON   26-2056298
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

12870 Interurban Avenue South

Seattle, Washington 98168

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(206) 673-4848

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period than the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer,” and “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer o
     
Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company x
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

As of November 8, 2012 the issuer has 8,752,015 shares of common stock, par value $.0001, issued and outstanding.

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Condensed Financial Statements    
       
  Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011(Unaudited)   2
  Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 and from Inception (January 23, 2008) to September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)   3
  Statement of Stockholders’ Equity from Inception (January 23, 2008) to September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)   4
  Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 and from Inception (January 23, 2008) to September 30, 2012 (Unaudited)   5
  Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements   6
       
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation   13
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   17
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures   17
       
PART II OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Legal Proceedings   17
       
Item 1A. Risk Factors   17
       
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   17
       
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities   17
       
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures   17
       
Item 5. Other Information   18
       
Item 6. Exhibits   19
       
SIGNATURES   20

 

 
 

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1

ClearSign Combustion Corporation

(a Development Stage Company)

 

Condensed Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
ASSETS          
           
Current Assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $9,640,327   $929,962 
Prepaid expenses   169,540    436,962 
Total current assets   9,809,867    1,366,924 
           
Fixed assets, net   388,577    162,173 
Patents and other intangible assets   327,896    86,546 
Other assets   10,512    20,512 
           
Total Assets  $10,536,852   $1,636,155 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
           
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $158,227   $442,697 
Promissory note   -    47,667 
Accrued compensation   555,439    253,899 
Total current liabilities   713,666    744,263 
Deferred rent   35,147    17,475 
Total liabilities   748,813    761,738 
           
Commitments and Contingencies          
           
Stockholders' Equity:          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value, zero shares issued and outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 8,752,015 and 5,153,216 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively   876    516 
Additional paid-in capital   17,294,051    5,364,139 
Deficit accumulated in the development stage   (7,506,888)   (4,490,238)
Total stockholders' equity   9,788,039    874,417 
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity  $10,536,852   $1,636,155 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

2
 

 

ClearSign Combustion Corporation

(a Development Stage Company)

 

Condensed Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

           For the Period 
           from Inception 
           (January 23, 2008) 
   For the Three Months Ended September 30,   For the Nine Months Ended September 30,   to 
   2012   2011   2012   2011   September 30, 2012 
                     
Operating expenses:                         
Research and development  $331,485   $193,742   $887,039   $313,880   $1,410,996 
General and administrative   810,557    598,886    2,144,650    2,078,215    6,114,566 
                          
Total operating expenses   1,142,042    792,628    3,031,689    2,392,095    7,525,562 
                          
Loss from operations   (1,142,042)   (792,628)   (3,031,689)   (2,392,095)   (7,525,562)
                          
Other income (expense):                         
Interest income   9,822    1,469    16,378    2,514    20,171 
Interest expense   -    -    (1,339)   -    (1,497)
                          
Total other income (expense)   9,822    1,469    15,039    2,514    18,674 
                          
Net Loss  $(1,132,220)  $(791,159)  $(3,016,650)  $(2,389,581)  $(7,506,888)
                          
Net Loss per share - basic and                         
fully diluted  $(0.13)  $(0.16)  $(0.42)  $(0.57)  $(2.14)
                          
Weighted average number of                         
shares outstanding - basic and                         
fully diluted   8,752,015    4,976,199    7,209,133    4,195,165    3,506,521 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

3
 

 

ClearSign Combustion Corporation

(a Development Stage Company)

 

Condensed Statement of Stockholders' Equity

(Unaudited)

For the period from Inception (January 23, 2008) to September 30, 2012

 

               Deficit     
               Accumulated     
       Common Stock       in the   Total 
   Common Stock   Class B   Additional   Development   Stockholders' 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Paid-In Capital   Stage   Equity 
                             
Shares issued to founders, at no cost   1,065,000   $107    476,000   $48   $33,045   $-   $33,200 
Shares issued for services ($0.02 per share)   125,000    13    -    -    2,487    -    2,500 
Shares issued for cash ($0.02 per share)   -    -    384,000    38    9,562    -    9,600 
Shares issued for cash ($1.80 per share)   467,310    45    -    -    841,106    -    841,151 
Shares issued for cash ($2.20 per share)   1,363,364    137    -    -    2,999,237    -    2,999,374 
Issuance costs   -    -    -    -    (813,168)   -    (813,168)
Share based payments of warrants   -    -    -    -    111,976    -    111,976 
Shares issued for services ($1.80 per share)   146,644    14    -    -    263,943    -    263,957 
Shares issued for services ($2.20 per share)   733,523    73    -    -    1,613,671    -    1,613,744 
Conversion of shares   1,075,000    108    (860,000)   (86)   (22)   -    - 
Share based compensation   177,375    19    -    -    302,302    -    302,321 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (4,490,238)   (4,490,238)
                                    
Balances at December 31, 2011   5,153,216    516    -    -    5,364,139    (4,490,238)   874,417 
                                    
Shares issued in initial public offering ($4.00 per share)   3,450,000    345    -    -    13,799,655    -    13,800,000 
Issuance costs of initial public offering   -    -    -    -    (2,727,438)   -    (2,727,438)
Share based payments of warrants   -    -    -    -    127,520    -    127,520 
Shares issued for services ($4.00 per share)   18,000    1    -    -    71,999    -    72,000 
Shares issued to retire payable ($4.00 per share)   110,000    11    -    -    439,989    -    440,000 
Shares issued for services ($4.94 per share)   20,799    3    -    -    102,744    -    102,747 
Share based compensation   -    -    -    -    115,443    -    115,443 
Net loss   -    -    -    -    -    (3,016,650)   (3,016,650)
                                    
Balances at September 30, 2012   8,752,015   $876    -   $-   $17,294,051   $(7,506,888)  $9,788,039 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

4
 

 

ClearSign Combustion Corporation

(a Development Stage Company)

 

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

           For the Period from 
           Inception 
   For the Nine Months Ended September 30,   (January 23, 2008) to 
   2012   2011   September 30, 2012 
Cash flows from operating activities:               
Net loss  $(3,016,650)  $(2,389,581)  $(7,506,888)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:               
Common stock issued or issuable for services   119,252    1,016,638    1,473,133 
Share based payments   115,443    139,449    302,539 
Depreciation   59,908    17,965    118,157 
Deferred rent   17,672    -    35,147 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:               
Prepaid expenses   322,917    (136,020)   (114,045)
Other assets   10,000    (63,294)   (10,512)
Accounts payable   155,530    273,388    651,981 
Accrued compensation   301,540    132,863    670,664 
Net cash used in operating activities   (1,914,388)   (1,008,592)   (4,379,824)
                
Cash flows from investing activities:               
Acquisition of fixed assets   (286,312)   (80,245)   (485,499)
Disbursements for patents and other intangible assets   (241,350)   -    (327,896)
Net cash used in investing activities   (527,662)   (80,245)   (813,395)
                
Cash flows from financing activities:               
Proceeds from issuance of common stock for cash,               
net of offering costs   11,200,082    2,836,338    14,881,213 
Proceeds from issuance of short term promissory note   98,250    -    98,250 
Principal payments on promissory notes   (145,917)   -    (145,917)
Net cash provided by financing activities   11,152,415    2,836,338    14,833,546 
                
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   8,710,365    1,747,501    9,640,327 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   929,962    25    - 
                
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period  $9,640,327   $1,747,526   $9,640,327 
                
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:               
Cash paid during the period for interest  $1,498   $-   $1,498 

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

During the nine months ended September 30, 2012, the Company:

·issued warrants to purchase 345,000 shares of common stock valued at $127,520 as part of an underwriting fee related to the initial public offering,
·issued 110,000 shares of common stock valued at $440,000 in partial satisfaction of an account payable,
·issued 12,090 shares of common stock valued at $55,495 to directors and a consultant for services to be performed from October to December 2012.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2011, the Company:

·issued 263,637 shares of common stock valued at $580,000 and warrants to purchase 136,368 shares of common stock valued at $64,174 for issuance costs related to a common stock offering,
·issued 52,375 shares of common stock valued at $115,225 to certain employees to partially satisfy compensation accrued at December 31, 2010,
·issued 68,091 shares of common stock valued at $126,476 in order to discharge $99,346 of common stock to be issued at December 31, 2010 and pay rent for the eight months ended August 31, 2011,
·issued 49,728 shares of common stock valued at $89,510 in order to discharge the common stock to be issued at December 31, 2010,
·canceled 5,825 shares valued at $10,490 in order to partially discharge common stock to be issued at December31, 2010,
·made a 125,000 share stock grant to an employee valued at $275,000 which is to be earned from July 2011 to June 2015,
·swapped 860,000 shares of Class B common stock held by its founding shareholders for 1,075,000 shares of common stock.

 

During the period from inception (January 23, 2008) to September 30, 2012, exclusive of the above, the Company:

·converted a $45,775 account payable to a vendor and acquired a fixed asset valued at $1,734 through a $47,509 interest-bearing promissory note retired in 2012,
·issued 3,555 shares of common stock valued at $7,821 in partial satisfaction of an account payable,
·issued 10,834 shares of common stock valued at $19,501 in exchange for equipment.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

5
 

 

ClearSign Combustion Corporation

(a Development Stage Company)

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements

 

Note 1 – Organization and Description of Business

 

ClearSign Combustion Corporation (ClearSign or the Company) is a development stage company located in Seattle, Washington and incorporated in the state of Washington on January 23, 2008. The Company was formed to design, develop and market technologies that improve both the energy efficiency and emission control characteristics of combustion systems. The Company’s Electrodynamic Combustion Control™ technology introduces a computer-controlled electric field into the combustion region which may better control gas-phase chemical reactions and improve system performance and cost-effectiveness.

 

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for Form 10-Q. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed balance sheet at December 31, 2011 has been derived from the Company’s audited financial statements.

 

In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all normal recurring and other adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2011 appearing in the Company’s registration statement on Form S-1, as amended, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2011. Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of operating results for an entire fiscal year or any other future periods.

 

Development Stage Enterprise

 

The Company is a development stage company as defined in Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 915, Development Stage Entities. The Company is devoting substantially all of its present efforts to design and develop new technologies in combustion systems and its planned principal operations have not yet commenced. The Company has not generated any revenues from operations and has no assurance of any future revenues. All losses accumulated since January 23, 2008 have been considered as part of the Company's development stage activities.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain 2011 amounts have been reclassified to conform with 2012 presentation.

 

6
 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less are considered cash equivalents. Cash is maintained with a commercial bank where accounts are generally guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation up to $250,000. The Company’s deposits may at times exceed this limit.

 

Fixed Assets

 

Fixed assets are recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated lives of the respective assets. Leasehold improvements are depreciated over the life of the lease or their useful life, whichever is shorter. All other fixed assets are depreciated over three to four years. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.

 

Patents and Trademarks

 

Patents and trademarks are recorded at cost. Amortization is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets once they are awarded, which has not yet occurred.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company tests long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. In that event, a loss is recognized based on the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the long-lived assets. Loss on long-lived assets to be disposed of is determined in a similar manner, except that fair values are reduced for the cost of disposal. As of September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Company determined that there was no impairment.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are categorized based on whether or not the inputs are observable in the market and the degree that the inputs are observable. The categorization of financial assets and liabilities within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The Company's financial instruments primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued expenses. As of the balance sheet dates, the estimated fair values of the financial instruments were not materially different from their carrying values as presented on the balance sheets. This is primarily attributed to the short maturities of these instruments. The Company did not identify any other non-recurring assets and liabilities that are required to be presented in the balance sheets at fair value.

 

Research and Development

 

The cost of research and development is expensed as incurred. Research and development costs consist of salaries, share based compensation, consulting fees, rent, utilities, depreciation, and consumables.

 

Deferred Rent

 

Operating lease agreements which contain provisions for future rent increases or periods in which rent payments are reduced or abated are recorded in monthly rent expense in the amount of the total payments over the lease term divided by the number of months of the lease term. The difference between rent expense recorded and the amount paid is credited or charged to deferred rent which is reflected on the accompanying balance sheet.

 

7
 

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach which allows for the recognition and measurement of deferred tax assets based upon the likelihood of realization of tax benefits in future years. Under the asset and liability approach, deferred taxes are provided for the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not these items will either expire before the Company is able to realize their benefits, or that future deductibility is uncertain.

 

Tax benefits from an uncertain tax position are recognized only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate resolution.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The costs of all employee stock options, as well as other equity-based compensation arrangements, are reflected in the financial statements based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the grant date. That cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. Stock compensation for stock granted to non-employees is determined as the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured.

 

Stock Issuance Costs

 

Stock issuance costs are recorded as a reduction of the related proceeds through a charge to stockholders’ equity.

 

Common Stock

 

The Company records common stock issuances when all of the legal requirements for the issuance of such common stock have been satisfied.

 

Net Loss per Common Share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing loss available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted loss per share is computed similar to basic loss per share except that the denominator is increased to include additional common shares available upon exercise of stock options and warrants using the treasury stock method, except for periods for which no common share equivalents are included because their effect would be anti-dilutive. Potentially dilutive shares outstanding amounted to 920,743 and 578,868 at September 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective standards, if adopted, will have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

8
 

 

Note 3 – Fixed Assets

 

Fixed assets are summarized as follows:

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2012   2011 
Machinery and equipment  $414,516   $142,045 
Office furniture and equipment   63,783    25,195 
Leasehold improvements   28,435    7,917 
Accumulated depreciation   (118,157)   (58,249)
    388,577    116,908 
Construction in progress   -    45,265 
   $388,577   $162,173 

 

Note 4 – Promissory Note

 

In December 2011, the Company executed a $47,509 promissory note with a vendor to extend the terms of an account payable. The fully amortizing unsecured note bore interest at 8% per annum and was payable in equal monthly payments of $4,491 through its maturity in November 2012. The Company paid the note in full without penalty in May 2012.

 

In April 2012, the Company executed a $98,250 promissory note to finance certain insurance coverage. The fully amortizing unsecured note bore interest at 3.39% per annum and was payable in equal monthly payments of $11,071 through its maturity in January 2013. The Company paid the note in full without penalty in May 2012.

 

Note 5 – Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock

 

In April and May 2012, the Company completed an initial public offering (IPO) whereby 3,450,000 shares of common stock were issued at $4.00 per share, which included the exercise of the overallotment allowance by the underwriter, MDB Capital Group LLC (MDB). Gross proceeds from the IPO totaled $13.8 million and net proceeds approximated $11.2 million. Expenses of the offering approximated $2.7 million, including underwriter fees of $1.2 million paid to MDB along with 345,000 warrants to purchase ClearSign’s common stock at $5.00 per share exercisable from April 2013 to April 2017 valued at $128,000, qualified independent underwriter fees of $110,000, underwriter legal fees of $125,000, underwriter expenses of $35,000, and issuer legal fees of $822,000, which was paid in part through the issuance of 110,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to its legal counsel at a price of $4.00 per share.

 

In December 2011, the Company affected a 1.25-for-one common stock split to stockholders of record as of December 22, 2011 and correspondingly increased the amount of authorized common shares. All share and per share information has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split.

 

In February 2011, the Company amended its articles of incorporation. Previously, the Company was authorized to issue 8,000,000 shares of common stock and 4,000,000 shares of Class B common stock. By amendment, authorized common stock was increased to 50,000,000 shares and Class B common stock was eliminated. Prior to the amendment, the holders of the Class B common stock voluntarily converted the 860,000 outstanding shares to 1,075,000 common stock shares. In December 2011, the Company amended its articles of incorporation to increase the authorized common stock to 62,500,000 shares as part of the 1.25-for-one stock split.

 

9
 

 

From March to May 2011, the Company completed the sale of 1,363,364 shares of common stock at $2.20 per share to raise $2,999,374. In conjunction with this sale, the placement agent, MDB, earned a fee of $300,000 which it elected to receive in the form of 136,364 common stock shares valued at $2.20 per share. MDB also received warrants to purchase 136,368 common stock shares at $2.20 per share with a weighted average grant-date fair value of these warrants of approximately $64,174. The Company’s legal counsel and others were paid with 127,273 common stock shares at $2.20 per share. The Company incurred $807,210 of issuance costs which was recorded against additional paid-in capital in 2011, of which $644,173 was paid with common stock. In addition, MDB provided consulting services to the Company in 2011 where it earned a fee of $1,000,000 which MDB elected to receive in the form of 454,547 common stock shares valued at $2.20 per share. This fee is included in general and administrative expense. The grants of common stock are reflected in the Statement of Stockholders’ Equity under shares issued for services at $2.20 per share. MDB is a related party due to its ownership of the Company’s common stock and warrants.

 

Preferred Stock

 

The Company is authorized to issue 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock. Preferences, limitations, voting powers and relative rights of any preferred stock to be issued may be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors. The Company has not issued any shares of preferred stock.

 

Equity Incentive Plan

 

In January 2011, the Company adopted an Equity Incentive Plan (the Plan) providing for the granting of options to purchase shares of common stock, stock awards to purchase shares at no less than 85% of the value of the shares, and stock bonuses to officers, employees, board members, consultants, and advisors. The Company originally reserved 625,000 shares of common stock for issuance under the Plan. The Plan provides for periodic increases in the number of authorized shares available for issuance under the Plan on the first day of each of the Company’s fiscal quarters beginning October 1, 2011. The quarterly increases are equal to the lesser of 10% of any new shares subsequently issued by the Company or such lesser amount as the Board of Directors shall determine. As of September 30, 2012, the number of shares reserved for issuance under the Plan totaled 985,434 shares. The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors is authorized to administer the Plan and establish the grant terms, including the grant price, vesting period and exercise date.

 

Outstanding stock option grants at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 totaled 359,375 with 218,750 and 125,000 being vested and exercisable at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. Stock grants made to date through September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 totaled 125,000 with 75,000 and 125,000 at September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively, being subject to declining repurchase rights by the Company at $0.0001 per share through June 30, 2015. The recognized compensation expense associated with these grants for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011 totaled $115,443 and $139,449, respectively. At September 30, 2012, the number of shares reserved under the Plan but unissued totaled 501,059. At September 30, 2012, there was $221,619 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested share based compensation arrangements granted under the Plan. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.75 years.

 

Warrants

 

In conjunction with the IPO, the Company granted warrants to MDB to purchase 345,000 common stock shares at $5.00 per share exercisable from April 2013 to April 2017. The fair value of these warrants was estimated to be $127,520 on the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Expected volatility was determined through the average of a peer group of public companies. The risk-free rate for periods within the contractual life of the warrants is based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant. The Company has never declared or paid dividends and has no plans to do so in the foreseeable future. The following weighted-average assumptions were utilized for the calculations:

 

Expected life (in years)   2.5 
Weighted average volatility   27%
Weighted average risk-free interest rate   0.33%
Expected dividend rate   - 

 

10
 

 

In conjunction with the issuance of common stock from March to May 2011, the Company granted warrants to MDB to purchase 136,368 common stock shares at the fair value of $2.20 per share exercisable through May 2016. In 2009, the Company granted warrants to purchase a total of 80,000 shares of common stock of the Company to technical advisors at the fair value of $1.80 per share exercisable through February 2021.

 

Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

The Company has a triple net lease for office and laboratory space for the period November 2011 to February 2017. Under the terms of the lease, the Company paid no rent for the period November 2011 to February 2012. Rent payments commenced in March 2012 and will escalate annually by 3%. The Company records monthly rent expense equal to the total of the payments over the lease term divided by the number of months of the lease term. Therefore, rent expense of $17,672 was accrued during the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and $35,147 was accrued since the lease inception in November 2011. Under the terms of the lease, the Company also pays monthly triple net operating costs. Minimum future payments under the lease at September 30, 2012 are approximately as follows:

 

2012  $26,000 
2013   108,000 
2014   111,000 
2015   115,000 
2016   118,000 
Thereafter   20,000 
   $498,000 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and 2011, rent expense amounted to $103,079 and $31,685, respectively.

 

Effective January 1, 2012, the Company entered into an Employment Agreement (the Agreement) with Richard Rutkowski, its Chief Executive Officer. Unless earlier terminated, the Agreement will continue for a term of three years. Compensation includes an annual salary of $350,000 with annual cost-of-living adjustments, annual cash and equity bonuses based on performance standards established by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors, medical and dental benefits for Mr. Rutkowski and his family, disability insurance, and term life insurance for the benefit of his dependents. The Agreement may be terminated by the Company without cause as defined in the Agreement whereby a severance payment would be due in the amount of compensation that would have been due had employment not been terminated or one year of the current annual compensation, whichever is greater.

 

The Company has agreements with its three independent directors to compensate them annually which commenced upon completion of the Company’s IPO. The obligation totals $300,000 per year of which $150,000 is to be paid with the Company’s common stock at fair value.

 

The Company’s former legal advisors, Perkins Coie LLP, contacted management on March 26, 2012 to advise that they believe TWB Investment Partnership II, L.P., a party related to Perkins Coie LLP, has the right to acquire 25,250 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.02 per share pursuant to an engagement letter dated December 4, 2007. The claim was denied since, among other defenses, management believes it entered into a full settlement of all amounts owed to Perkins Coie LLP in November 2011.

 

11
 

 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND OTHER INFORMATION

CONTAINED IN THIS REPORT

 

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “hopes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “may,” or other similar expressions in this report. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, prospective products, applications, customers, technologies, future performance or results of anticipated products, expenses, and financial results. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. Factors that could cause actual results to differ from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

·our limited cash and our history of losses;
·our ability to achieve profitability;
·our limited operating history;
·emerging competition and rapidly advancing technology in our industry that may outpace our technology;
·customer demand for the products and services we develop;
·the impact of competitive or alternative products, technologies and pricing;
·our ability to manufacture any products we develop;
·general economic conditions and events and the impact they may have on us and our potential customers;
·our ability to obtain adequate financing in the future;
·our ability to continue as a going concern;
·our success at managing the risks involved in the foregoing items; and
·other factors discussed in this report.

 

The forward-looking statements are based upon management’s beliefs and assumptions and are made as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements included in this report. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

12
 

 

ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as well as our audited 2011 financial statements and related notes included in our registration statement on Form S-1, as amended (the “Registration Statement”), which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2011. In addition to historical information, this discussion and analysis here and throughout this Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

 

OVERVIEW

 

We are a development stage company located in Seattle, Washington. We were formed for the purpose of developing a technology that improves both the energy efficiency and emissions control characteristics of combustion systems. To date, our operations have been funded through sales of our common stock. We have earned no revenue since inception on January 23, 2008.

 

Initial Public Offering and Plan of Operation

 

We are pursuing development of our technology to enable future sales. These activities entail laboratory research, where we have successfully demonstrated our proprietary technology operating in our research facility with thermal output of 1,000,000 Btus per hour, and business development and marketing activities with established manufacturers and other entities that use boilers, burners, refinery heaters, and other combustion systems. We intend to create co-development collaborations which would enable us to work closely with established companies in specific industries to apply developed solutions in laboratory and field settings.

 

In April 2012, we completed an initial public offering (IPO) of our common stock whereby we sold 3,000,000 shares of common stock at $4.00 per share. In May 2012, as a result of the exercise of the underwriter’s overallotment allowance option, we sold an additional 450,000 shares of common stock. Gross proceeds from the IPO, including proceeds from the exercise of the underwriter’s overallotment allowance option, totaled $13,800,000. Expenses of the offering approximated $2,727,000, including underwriter fees of $1,200,000 paid to MDB Capital Group LLC (MDB) along with a warrant to purchase 345,000 shares of our common stock at $5.00 per share valued at approximately $128,000, qualified independent underwriter fees of $110,000, underwriter legal fees of $125,000, other underwriter expenses of $35,000, and issuer legal fees of $822,000, which was paid in part through the issuance of 110,000 shares of our common stock to our legal counsel at a price of $4.00 per share.

 

The $11,640,000 of net proceeds from the IPO and stock issued to our legal counsel has been used to date as follows: approximately $8,500,000 for the purchase of a 90-day certificate of deposit, $1,048,000 increased cash and money market funds, $1,240,000 for operations, $260,000 for capital expenditures primarily related to research and development machinery and equipment, $205,000 for patents, $258,000 for the payment of accrued compensation, and $129,000 for the repayment of short term indebtedness. We anticipate that in total the net proceeds will be used as follows: $4 million for research and development including related capital expenditures, $2 million for protection of intellectual property, $1.75 million for exploration of market opportunities, and the balance for working capital and general corporate purposes. We expect the net proceeds to be sufficient to fund our activities at least through April 2014. Our anticipated costs include employee salaries and benefits, compensation paid to consultants, capital costs for research and other equipment, costs associated with development activities including travel and administration, legal expenses, sales and marketing costs, general and administrative expenses, and other costs associated with an early stage, publicly-traded technology company. We anticipate increasing the number of employees by up to approximately 20-30 employees; however, this is highly dependent on the nature of our development efforts.  We anticipate adding employees in the areas of research and development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative functions required to support our efforts. We expect to incur consulting expenses related to technology development and other efforts as well as legal and related expenses to protect our intellectual property.  We expect capital expenditures to be between $0.5 and $1.0 million annually, but these are highly dependent on the nature of the operations where co-development activities are ongoing.

 

13
 

 

The amount that we spend for any specific purpose may vary significantly, and could depend on a number of factors including, but not limited to, the pace of progress of our commercialization and development efforts, actual needs with respect to product testing, development and research, market conditions, and changes in or revisions to our marketing strategies.  In addition, we may use a portion of the net proceeds from the IPO to acquire complementary products, technologies or businesses; however, we do not have plans for any acquisitions at this time.

 

Research and development of new technologies is, by its nature, unpredictable.  Although we will undertake development efforts with commercially reasonable diligence, there can be no assurance that the net proceeds from the IPO will be sufficient to enable us to develop our technology to the extent needed to create future sales to sustain operations.  If the net proceeds from the IPO are insufficient for this purpose, we will consider other options to continue our path to commercialization, including, but not limited to:  additional financing through follow-on stock offerings, debt financing, co-development agreements, sale or licensing of developed intellectual or other property, or other alternatives.

 

If management is unable to implement its proposed business plan or employ alternative financing strategies, it does not presently have any alternative proposals. In that case, we may be required to scale back our development plans by reducing expenditures for employees, consultants, business development and marketing efforts, and other envisioned expenditures or curtail or even suspend our operations.

 

We cannot assure that our technology will be accepted, that we will ever earn revenues sufficient to support our operations, or that we will ever be profitable. Furthermore, we have no committed source of financing and we cannot assure that we will be able to raise money as and when we need it to continue our operations. If we cannot raise funds as and when we need them, we may be required to severely curtail, or even to cease, our operations.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Certain accounting policies and estimates are particularly important to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations and require the application of significant judgment by our management or can be materially affected by changes from period to period in economic factors or conditions that are outside of our control. As a result, they are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty. In applying these policies, our management uses their judgment to determine the appropriate assumptions to be used in the determination of certain estimates. Those estimates are based on our historical operations, our future business plans and projected financial results, the terms of existing contracts, our observance of trends in the industry, information provided by our customers and information available from other outside sources, as appropriate. See Note 2 to our unaudited condensed financial statements for a more complete description of our significant accounting policies.

 

Development Stage Enterprise . The Company is a development stage company as defined in Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 915, Development Stage Entities. The Company is devoting substantially all of its present efforts to develop and market new technologies in combustion systems, and its planned principal operations have not yet commenced. The Company has not generated any revenues from operations and has no assurance of any future revenues. All losses accumulated since its inception on January 23, 2008 have been considered as part of the Company’s development stage activities.

 

Research and Development. The cost of research and development is expensed as incurred. Research and development costs consist of salaries, share based compensation, consulting fees, rent, utilities, depreciation, and consumables.

 

Stock-Based Compensation. The costs of all employee stock options, as well as other equity-based compensation arrangements, are reflected in the financial statements based on the estimated fair value of the awards on the grant date. That cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award. Stock compensation for stock granted to non-employees is determined as the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured.

 

14
 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are categorized based on whether or not the inputs are observable in the market and the degree that the inputs are observable. The categorization of financial assets and liabilities within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

 

The Company's financial instruments primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable and accrued expenses. As of the balance sheet dates, the estimated fair values of the financial instruments were not materially different from their carrying values as presented on the balance sheets. This is primarily attributed to the short maturities of these instruments. The Company did not identify any other non-recurring assets and liabilities that are required to be presented in the balance sheets at fair value.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Comparison of the Three and Nine Months Ending September 30, 2012 and 2011

 

Operating Expenses. Operating expenses, consisting of research and development (R&D) and general and administrative (G&A) expenses, increased by approximately $349,000 to $1,142,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2012, referred to herein as Q3 2012, compared to the same period in 2011 (Q3 2011). The Company increased its R&D expenses by $138,000 to $331,000 for Q3 2012. R&D expenses rose due to increased personnel levels and research activities. G&A expenses increased by $212,000 to $811,000 in Q3 2012 resulting primarily from the expense of operating as a public company totaling $204,000 in Q3 2012.

 

Operating expenses increased by approximately $640,000 to $3,032,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 compared to the same period in 2011. The Company increased its R&D expenses by $573,000 to $887,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. R&D expenses rose due to increased personnel levels and research activities. G&A expenses increased by approximately $66,000 to $2,145,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012. This increase resulted primarily from an increase in the level of personnel for general and administrative purposes to complete the management team thereby increasing compensation expense by $548,000 to $1,455,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 and the expense of operating as a public company totaling $424,000 in 2012. This increase was offset by a non-recurring expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 of $1,000,000 paid in the form of common stock issued at $2.20 per share to MDB for consulting services including assistance with building an intellectual property development strategy, retaining appropriate executive personnel, and advising with respect to the development of our business.

 

Loss from Operations. Due to the increase in operating expenses, our loss from operations increased during Q3 2012 by approximately $349,000 to $1,142,000 and increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 by approximately $640,000 to $3,032,000.

 

Net Loss. Primarily as a result of the increase in operating expenses, our net loss for Q3 2012 was approximately $1,132,000 as compared to a net loss of $791,000 for Q3 2011, resulting in an increased net loss of $341,000. Our net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 was approximately $3,017,000 as compared to a net loss of $2,390,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2011, resulting in an increased net loss of $627,000.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of December 31, 2011, the Company’s operations were dependent upon it raising additional capital since it had not generated revenues to date, had no established source of revenue, and had incurred significant losses from operations since inception. This resulted in our independent registered public accounting firm’s issuance of an unqualified opinion upon the audited financial statements at and for the year ended December 31, 2011 with an explanatory paragraph to the effect that there was substantial doubt about ClearSign’s ability to continue as a going concern. Subsequent to the issuance of our 2011 audited financial statements, we raised approximately $11,640,000 in net proceeds through the IPO and stock issued to our legal counsel. We believe the net proceeds will be sufficient to fund operations through at least April 2014.

 

15
 

 

At September 30, 2012, our current assets were in excess of current liabilities resulting in working capital of $9,096,201 compared to working capital of $622,661 at December 31, 2011.

 

Operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 resulted in cash outflows of approximately $1,914,000 which were due primarily to the loss for the period of $3,017,000, offset primarily by net changes in working capital, exclusive of cash, of $790,000 related primarily to the IPO and an increase in accrued compensation, services paid with common stock of $235,000, and other non-cash expenses of $77,000. Cash outflows for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 of approximately $1,009,000 were primarily due to the loss for the period of $2,390,000, offset primarily by $1,156,000 of services paid with common stock, and an increase in accounts payable of $273,000.

 

Investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 resulted in cash outflows of approximately $528,000 for acquisition of fixed assets and development of patents and other intangible assets. Investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 resulted in cash outflows of approximately $80,000 for acquisition of fixed assets.

 

Financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2012 resulted in approximately $11,152,000 of cash inflows related primarily to net cash generated from the IPO of approximately $11,200,000 offset by the extinguishment of all debt totaling $48,000 from the IPO proceeds. Financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2011 generated net cash of approximately $2,836,000 from a private offering of our common stock through MDB, the placement agent.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Transactions

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet transactions.

 

Trends, Events and Uncertainties

 

The JOBS Act

 

We are an emerging growth company, as defined under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the JOBS Act), and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements. In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933 for complying with new or revised accounting standards. In other words, an emerging growth company can delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We elected to take advantage of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards.

 

Claim by Perkins Coie LLP

 

Our former legal advisors, Perkins Coie LLP, contacted us on March 26, 2012 to advise us that they believe TWB Investment Partnership II, L.P., a party related to Perkins Coie LLP, has the right to acquire 25,250 shares of our common stock at $0.02 per share pursuant to an engagement letter dated December 4, 2007. We denied the claim since, among other defenses, we believe we entered into a full settlement of all amounts owed to Perkins Coie LLP in November 2011. Perkins Coie LLP currently owns 3,555 shares of our common stock which we issued in conjunction with the November 2011 settlement.

 

16
 

 

ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide this information.

 

ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by an issuer in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Act”) is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, has concluded that, as of September 30, 2012, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

There have been no material changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2012 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

PART II-OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We were not a party to any legal proceedings during the nine months ended September 30, 2012.

 

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS

 

As a smaller reporting company we are not required to provide this information.

 

ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

In November 2011 we filed a registration statement, number 333-177946, with the Securities and Exchange Commission to register an offering of 3 million shares of our common stock, with an option granted to the underwriter to sell an additional 450,000 shares of our common stock (the “overallotment”). The registration statement was declared effective on April 24, 2012. The offering closed on April 30, 2012 and the offering of the overallotment closed on May 15, 2012. The common stock was offered at a price of $4 per share. All of the shares of common stock, including the overallotment, were sold. We raised a total of $13,800,000 in gross proceeds in the offering and received approximately $11,200,000 after expenses. Through September 30, 2012, the net proceeds from the offering were used as follows: approximately $8,500,000 for the purchase of a 90-day certificate of deposit, $1,048,000 increased cash and money market funds, $1,240,000 for operations, $260,000 for capital expenditures primarily related to research and development machinery and equipment, $205,000 for patents, $258,000 for the payment of accrued compensation, and $129,000 for the repayment of short term indebtedness, None of the proceeds were used for construction of plant, building and facilities, the purchase of real estate, or the acquisition of any business.

 

We anticipate that the $11.2 million of net proceeds will be used as follows: approximately $4 million for research and development including related capital expenditures, $2 million for protection of intellectual property, $1.75 million for exploration of market opportunities, and the balance for working capital and general corporate purposes. We expect this to be sufficient to fund our activities at least through April 2014.

 

ITEM 3.DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

Not applicable

 

ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

17
 

 

ITEM 5.OTHER INFORMATION

 

Not applicable.

 

18
 

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit    
Number   Document
     
3.1   Articles of Incorporation of ClearSign Combustion Corporation, amended on February 2, 2011 (1)
     
3.1.1   Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of ClearSign Combustion Corporation filed on December 22, 2011 (1)
     
3.2   Bylaws (1)
     
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer*
     
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer*
     
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer*
     
101   The following financial statements from the registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the nine months ended September 30, 2012, formatted in XBRL: (i) Condensed Balance Sheets (Unaudited); (ii) Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited); (iii) Condensed Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited); (iv) Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited); (v) Notes to Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements.*

 

*Filed herewith

 

(1) Incorporated by reference from the registrant’s registration statement on Form S-1, as amended, file number 333-177946, originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 14, 2011.

 

19
 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

  CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORPORATION
  (Registrant)
   
Date: November 8, 2012 By: /s/ Richard F. Rutkowski
    Richard F. Rutkowski
    Chief Executive Officer
     
  By: /s/ James N. Harmon
    James N. Harmon
    Chief Financial Officer

 

20