Note 2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and are stated in US dollars. Because a precise determination of many assets and liabilities is dependent upon future events, the preparation of financial statements for a period necessarily involves the use of estimates, which have been made using careful judgment. Actual results may vary from these estimates.
Principles of Consolidation
These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary companies IRC Exploration Ltd., (IRC) a company incorporated in Alberta, Canada on August 1, 2008; Northern Bonanza Inc, (NBI) a company incorporated in Ontario, Canada on June 30, 2010; Source Bonanza LLC, (SB) a Limited Liability Company incorporated in Nevada, USA on June 18, 2010 and Vulture Gold LLC, (Vulture) a Nevada Limited Liability Company which was acquired on August 7, 2010.
All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents. The carrying value of these investments approximates fair value.
Exploration Stage Company
The Company has not commenced any significant operations and, in accordance with ASC Topic 915, the Company is considered an exploration stage company. All losses accumulated since inception have been considered as part of the Companys exploration stage activities.
The Company is primarily engaged in the acquisition, exploration, and development of mineral properties.
Mineral property acquisition costs are capitalized in accordance with FASB ASC 930-805, Extractive Activities-Mining, when management has determined that probable future benefits consisting of a contribution to future cash inflows have been identified and adequate financial resources are available or are expected to be available as required to meet the terms of property acquisition and budgeted exploration and development expenditures. Mineral property acquisition costs are expensed as incurred if the criteria for capitalization are not met. In the event that mineral property acquisition costs are paid with Company shares, those shares are recorded at the estimated fair value at the time the shares are due in accordance with the terms of the property agreements.
When it has been determined that a mineral property can be economically developed as a result of establishing proven and probable reserves and pre-feasibility, the costs incurred to develop such property are capitalized.
Estimated future removal and site restoration costs, when determinable are provided over the life of proven reserves on a units-of-production basis.
Costs, which include production equipment removal and environmental remediation, are estimated each period by management based on current regulations, actual expenses incurred, and technology and industry standards. Any charge is included in exploration expense or the provision for depletion and depreciation during the period and the actual restoration expenditures are charged to the accumulated provision amounts as incurred.
To date the Company has not established any proven or probable reserves on its mineral properties.
Computer equipment is stated at the lower of cost or fair value. Depreciation is provided principally on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The cost of repairs and maintenance is charged to expense as incurred. Expenditures for property betterments and renewals are capitalized. Upon sale or other disposition of a depreciable asset, cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any gain or loss is reflected in other income (expense).
The Company periodically evaluates whether events and circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful life of its office equipment or whether the remaining balance of office equipment should be evaluated for possible impairment.
Depreciation has been charged using the following estimates of useful lives:
2 years straight line
Foreign Currency Translation
The Companys functional currency is the US dollar as a substantial part of the Companys operations is based in Arizona. IRCs and NBIs functional currency is the Canadian dollar. The functional currency of SB and Vulture is the US dollar as its activities are in the USA. The Company uses the United States dollar as its reporting currency for consistency with registrants of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency are translated into US dollar reporting currency at the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and capital accounts are translated at historical rates. Income statement accounts are translated at the average rates of exchange prevailing during the period. Transactions undertaken in currencies other than the functional currency of the entity are translated using the exchange rate in effect as of the transaction date. Any exchange gains and losses are included in other comprehensive loss.
Diluted and Basic Loss per Share
Basic loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share are computed similar to basic income per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of common stock equivalents. Common stock equivalents represent the dilutive effect of the assumed exercise of any outstanding stock equivalents, using the treasury stock method, at either the beginning of the respective period presented or the date of issuance, whichever is later, and only if the common stock equivalents are considered dilutive based upon the Companys net income (loss) position at the calculation date.
There are no common stock equivalents outstanding and, thus, diluted and basic loss per share is the same.
The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statements carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and loss carry-forwards and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of a change in tax rules on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in operations in the year of change. A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely-than-not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The Company is required to report comprehensive loss, which includes net loss as well as changes in equity from non-owner sources.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of July 31, 2012 and July 31, 2011. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values. These financial instruments include cash and accounts payable. Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values for cash and payables because they are short term in nature and their carrying amounts approximate fair values or they are payable on demand.
The Company records stock based compensation in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 718 which requires the Company to recognize expense related to the fair value of its employee stock option awards. This eliminates accounting for share-based compensation transactions using the intrinsic value and requires instead that such transactions be accounted for using a fair-value-based method. The Company recognizes the cost of all share-based awards on a graded vesting basis over the vesting period of the award.
Stock based compensation for non-employees is accounted for using the Stock Based Compensation Topic of the FASB ASC 505. We use the fair value method for equity instruments granted to non-employees and will use the Black-Scholes model for measuring the fair value of options, if issued. The stock based fair value compensation is determined as of the date of the grant or the date at which the performance of the services is completed (measurement date) and is recognized over the vesting periods.
Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.
Newly Issued Accounting Pronouncements
The Company has reviewed issued accounting pronouncements and plans to adopt those that are applicable to it. The Company does not expect the adoption of any other pronouncements to have an impact on its results of operations or financial position.