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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

[X]   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

 ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012

 

or

 

[ ]   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE

ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________ to __________

 

Commission file number 0-10673

 

REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATES LIMITED III

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

California

95-3547611

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

 

80 International Drive, PO Box 1089

Greenville, South Carolina  29602

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(864) 239-1000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  [X] Yes  [ ] No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [X] Yes  [ ] No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [ ]

Accelerated filer [ ]

Non-accelerated filer [ ]

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). [ ] Yes  [X] No

 


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATES LIMITED III

BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 (In thousands)

 

 

 

 

March 31,

December 31,

 

2012

2011

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in and advances to Local Partnerships

 $    --

 $    --

Cash and cash equivalents

     299

     327

Total assets

 $   299

 $   327

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS' (DEFICIENCY) CAPITAL

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 $    25

 $    26

 

 

 

Contingencies

      --

      --

 

 

 

Partners' (deficiency) capital:

 

 

General partners

    (118)

    (118)

Limited partners

     392

     419

Total partners' (deficiency) capital

     274

     301

Total liabilities and partners' (deficiency)

 

 

  capital

 $   299

 $   327

 

See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements





 

REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATES LIMITED III

 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Note 1 – Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

General

 

The information contained in the following notes to the unaudited financial statements is condensed from that which would appear in the annual audited financial statements; accordingly, the financial statements included herein should be reviewed in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto contained in the annual report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 prepared by Real Estate Associates Limited III (the "Partnership" or "Registrant"). Accounting measurements at interim dates inherently involve greater reliance on estimates than at year end.  The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the entire year.

 

In the opinion of the Partnership’s management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting primarily of normal recurring items) necessary to present fairly the financial position as of March 31, 2012 and the results of operations and changes in cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The balance sheet at December 31, 2011 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.

 

The general partners collectively have a one percent interest in profits and losses of the Partnership.  The limited partners have the remaining 99 percent interest which is allocated in proportion to their respective individual investments.  The general partners of the Partnership are National Partnership Investments Corp. ("NAPICO" or the "Corporate General Partner") and National Partnership Investment Associates. The Corporate General Partner is a subsidiary of Apartment Investment and Management Company (“Aimco”), a publicly traded real estate investment trust.

 

On January 31, 2012, an affiliate of the Corporate General Partner entered into a management agreement with a third party management services company for the management of a portfolio of approximately 147 properties with 10,184 units held by entities, including the Partnership, in which Aimco and its affiliates have minority limited and general partner interests. On January 31, 2012, an affiliate of the Corporate General Partner also entered into an option agreement with the management services company pursuant to which it granted the company the exclusive option, for a period ending on December 27, 2013, to purchase the minority interests in the portfolio held by Aimco and its affiliates. Aimco expects the sale of such interests to be completed later this year, pending the satisfaction of certain closing conditions.

 

At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Partnership had outstanding 5,679 limited partnership units (the “Units”), or 11,358 limited partnership interests. A Unit consists of two limited partnership interests.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. 

 

The Partnership’s management evaluated subsequent events through the time this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q was filed.

 

Method of Accounting for Investments in Local Partnerships

 

The investments in local limited partnerships (the “Local Partnerships”) are accounted for on the equity method. 

 

Net Loss Per Limited Partnership Interest

 

Net loss per limited partnership interest was computed by dividing the limited partners’ share of net loss by the number of limited partnership interests outstanding at the beginning of the year.  The number of limited partnership interests used was 11,358 and 11,398 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Variable Interest Entities

 

The Partnership consolidates any variable interest entities in which the Partnership holds a variable interest and is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a variable interest entity, or VIE, is an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about an entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is generally the entity that has (a) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (b) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

 

In determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, the Partnership considers qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: which activities most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and which party controls such activities; the amount and characteristics of the Partnership’s investment; the obligation or likelihood for the Partnership or other investors to provide financial support; and the similarity with and significance to the business activities of the Partnership and the other investors.  Significant judgments related to these determinations include estimates about the current and future fair values and performance of real estate held by these VIEs and general market conditions.

 

At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Partnership holds variable interests in five VIEs for which the Partnership is not the primary beneficiary.  The Partnership has concluded, based on its qualitative consideration of the partnership agreement, the partnership structure and the role of the general partner in each of the Local Partnerships, that the general partner of each of the Local Partnerships is the primary beneficiary of the respective Local Partnership. In making this determination, the Partnership considered the following factors:

 

·         the general partners conduct and manage the business of the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners have the responsibility for and sole discretion over selecting a property management agent for the Local Partnerships’ underlying real estate properties;

·         the general partners are responsible for approving operating and capital budgets for the properties owned by the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners are obligated to fund any recourse obligations of the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners are authorized to borrow funds on behalf of the Local Partnerships; and

·         the Partnership, as a limited partner in each of the Local Partnerships, does not have the ability to direct or otherwise significantly influence the activities of the Local Partnerships that most significantly impact such entities’ economic performance.

 

The five VIEs at March 31, 2012 consist of Local Partnerships that are directly engaged in the ownership and management of five apartment properties with a total of 335 units. The Partnership is involved with those VIEs as a non-controlling limited partner equity holder. The Partnership’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with the unconsolidated VIEs is limited to the Partnership’s recorded investments in and receivables from these VIEs, which were zero at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Partnership may be subject to additional losses to the extent of any financial support that the Partnership voluntarily provides in the future.

 

Note 2 – Investments in and Advances to Local Partnerships

 

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Partnership holds limited partnership interests in five Local Partnerships, located in two states and Puerto Rico, that own residential low income rental projects consisting of 335 apartment units.  The mortgage loans of these projects are payable to or insured by various governmental agencies.

 

The Partnership, as a limited partner, does not have a contractual relationship with the Local Partnerships or exercise control over the activities and operations, including refinancing or selling decisions, of the Local Partnerships that would require or allow for consolidation. Accordingly, the Partnership accounts for its investments in the Local Partnerships using the equity method. The Partnership is allocated profits and losses of the Local Partnerships based upon its respective ownership percentage (between 95% and 99%). Distributions of surplus cash from operations from most of the Local Partnerships are restricted by the Local Partnerships’ Regulatory Agreements with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”). These restrictions limit the distribution to a portion, generally less than 10%, of the initial invested capital. The excess surplus cash is deposited into a residual receipts reserve, of which the ultimate realization by the Partnership is uncertain as HUD frequently retains it upon sale or dissolution of the Local Partnership. The Partnership is allocated profits and losses and receives distributions from refinancings and sales in accordance with the Local Partnerships’ partnership agreements. These agreements usually limit the Partnership’s distributions to an amount substantially less than its ownership percentage in the Local Partnership.

 

The individual investments are carried at cost plus the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s profits less the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s losses, distributions and impairment charges. The Partnership is not legally liable for the obligations of the Local Partnerships and is not otherwise committed to provide additional support to them. Therefore, it does not recognize losses once its investment in each of the Local Partnerships reaches zero. Distributions from the Local Partnerships are accounted for as a reduction of the investment balance until the investment balance is reduced to zero. When the investment balance has been reduced to zero, subsequent distributions received are recognized as income in the accompanying statements of operations. 

 

For those investments where the Partnership has determined that the carrying value of its investments approximates the estimated fair value of those investments, the Partnership’s policy is to recognize equity in income of the Local Partnerships only to the extent of distributions received and amortization of acquisition costs from those Local Partnerships. Therefore, the Partnership limits its recognition of equity earnings to the amount it expects to ultimately realize.

 

Two Local Partnerships, Santa Maria Limited Dividend Partnership Assoc. (“Santa Maria”) and Marina Del Rey Limited Dividend Partnership Assoc. (“Marina Del Rey”), have been marketing their properties for sale. On October 26, 2011, Santa Maria and Marina Del Rey each entered into separate purchase and sale contracts to sell their respective investment properties to a third party for a gross sales price of $2,600,000 and $2,750,000, respectively. After payment of closing costs and repayment of the notes payable encumbering the properties, the Partnership expects to receive approximately $330,000 and $500,000 from Santa Maria and Marina Del Rey, respectively, for advance repayments and distributions. The sales are expected to close during December 2012. The Partnership has no investment balances remaining in these two Local Partnerships at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the investment balance in all five of the Local Partnerships had been reduced to zero.

 

In May 2011, the Partnership assigned its limited partnership interest in Village Apartments (“Village”) to an affiliate of the operating general partner of Village. The Partnership believed that Village’s liabilities exceeded the fair value of the property. In addition, Village faced foreclosure as the lender had issued an acceleration notice on Village’s mortgage. The Partnership did not receive any proceeds for the assignment. The Partnership’s investment balance in Village was zero at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

At times, advances are made to the Local Partnerships. Advances made by the Partnership to the individual Local Partnerships are considered part of the Partnership’s investment in the Local Partnerships. Advances to Local Partnerships for which the investment has been reduced to zero are charged to expense. There were no advances made during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. While not obligated to make advances to any of the Local Partnerships, the Partnership may make future advances in order to protect its economic investment in the Local Partnerships.

 

The following are unaudited condensed combined estimated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 for the Local Partnerships in which the Partnership has invested (in thousands). The 2011 amounts exclude the operations of Village Apartments for which the Partnership assigned its interests in May 2011:

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

March 31,

 

2012

2011

 

 

 

Rental and other income

$   568

$   557

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

  Operating expenses

    308

    280

  Financial expenses

    186

    190

  Depreciation and amortization

     54

     54

Total expenses

    548

    524

Income from continuing operations

$    20

$    33

 

In addition to being the Corporate General Partner of the Partnership, NAPICO or one of its affiliates is the local operating general partner for two of the Local Partnerships included above.

 

The current policy of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) is to not renew the Housing Assistance Payment (“HAP”) Contracts on a long-term basis on the existing terms.  In connection with renewals of the HAP Contracts under current law and policy, the amount of rental assistance payments under renewed HAP Contracts will be based on market rentals instead of above market rentals, which may be the case under existing HAP Contracts.  The payments under the renewed HAP Contracts may not be in an amount that would provide sufficient cash flow to permit owners of properties subject to HAP Contracts to meet the debt service requirements of existing loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration of HUD (“FHA”) unless such mortgage loans are restructured. In order to address the reduction in payments under HAP Contracts as a result of current policy, the Multi- family Assisted Housing Reform and Affordability Act of 1997 (“MAHRAA”) provides for the restructuring of mortgage loans insured by the FHA with respect to properties subject to the Section 8 program.  Under MAHRAA, an FHA-insured mortgage loan can be restructured into a first mortgage loan which will be amortized on a current basis and a low interest second mortgage loan payable to FHA which will only be payable on maturity of the first mortgage loan.  This restructuring results in a reduction in annual debt service payable to the owner of the FHA-insured mortgage loan and is expected to result in an insurance payment from FHA to the holder of the FHA-insured loan due to the reduction in the principal amount.  MAHRAA also phases out project-based subsidies on selected properties serving families not located in rental markets with limited supply, converting such subsidies to a tenant-based subsidy.

 

When the HAP Contracts are subject to renewal, there can be no assurance that the Local Partnerships in which the Partnership has an investment will be permitted to restructure their mortgage indebtedness under MAHRAA.  In addition, the economic impact on the Partnership of the combination of the reduced payments under the HAP Contracts and the restructuring of the existing FHA-insured mortgage loans under MAHRAA is uncertain. 

 

Note 3 – Transactions with Affiliated Parties

 

Under the terms of the Restated Certificate and Agreement of Limited Partnership, the Partnership is obligated to NAPICO for an annual management fee equal to 0.4 percent of the Partnership’s original remaining invested assets of the Local Partnerships and is calculated at the beginning of each year. Invested assets are defined as the costs of acquiring project interests, including the proportionate amount of the mortgage loans related to the Partnership's interest in the capital accounts of the respective Local Partnerships.  The management fee incurred for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 was approximately $12,000 and $14,000, respectively.

 

Note 4 – Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 825, “Financial Instruments”, requires disclosure of fair value information about financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the balance sheet, for which it is practicable to estimate fair value. Fair value is defined as the amount at which the instruments could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties, other than in a forced or liquidation sale. At March 31, 2012, the Partnership believes that the carrying amount of liabilities reported on the balance sheet that require such disclosure approximated their fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments.

 

Note 5 - Contingencies

 

The Corporate General Partner is involved in various lawsuits arising from transactions in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management and the Corporate General Partner, the claims will not result in any material liability to the Partnership.

 


ITEM 2.     MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements in certain circumstances. Certain information included in this Quarterly Report contains or may contain information that is forward-looking within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Actual results may differ materially from those described in these forward-looking statements and, in addition, will be affected by a variety of risks and factors, some of which are beyond the Partnership’s control, including, without limitation: financing risks, including the availability and cost of financing and the risk that the Partnership’s cash flows from operations may be insufficient to meet required payments of principal and interest; national and local economic conditions, including the pace of job growth and the level of unemployment; the terms of governmental regulations that affect the Partnership and its investment in limited partnerships and interpretations of those regulations; the competitive environment in which the Partnership operates; real estate risks, including fluctuations in real estate values and the general economic climate in local markets and competition for residents in such markets; litigation, including costs associated with prosecuting or defending claims and any adverse outcomes; and possible environmental liabilities, including costs, fines or penalties that may be incurred due to necessary remediation of contamination of properties presently owned or previously owned by the limited partnerships in which the Partnership has invested. Readers should carefully review the Partnership’s financial statements and the notes thereto, as well as the other documents the Partnership files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

The Corporate General Partner monitors developments in the area of legal and regulatory compliance.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The Partnership's primary source of funds is the receipt of distributions from the Local Partnerships in which the Partnership has invested. It is not expected that any of the Local Partnerships in which the Partnership has invested will generate cash flow from operations sufficient to provide for distributions to the Partnership's limited partners in any material amount.  An infrequent source of funds would be funds received by the Partnership as its share of any proceeds from the sale of a property owned by a Local Partnership or the Partnership’s sale of its interest in a Local Partnership. There were no distributions made by the Partnership to its limited partners during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

The properties in which the Partnership has invested, through its investments in the Local Partnerships, receive one or more forms of assistance from the Federal Government. As a result, the Local Partnerships' ability to transfer funds either to the Partnership or among themselves in the form of cash distributions, loans or advances is generally restricted by these government assistance programs. These restrictions, however, are not expected to impact the Partnership's ability to meet its cash obligations.

 

As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Partnership had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $299,000 and $327,000, respectively. The decrease in cash and cash equivalents of approximately $28,000 is due to cash used in operating activities.

 

Results of Operations

 

At March 31, 2012, the Partnership has investments in five Local Partnerships, all of which own housing projects that were substantially rented except for Lakeside Apartments and Ramblewood Apartments. The low occupancy for Lakeside Apartments is due to the difficulty in renting the apartment units which do not receive full subsidies. The low occupancy for Ramblewood Apartments is primarily due to the rural location of the property as well as the increase in unemployment in the area. The Partnership, as a limited partner, does not have a contractual relationship with the Local Partnerships or exercise control over the activities and operations, including refinancing or selling decisions of the Local Partnerships that would require or allow for consolidation. Accordingly, the Partnership accounts for its investment in the Local Partnerships using the equity method.  Thus the individual investments are carried at cost plus the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s profits less the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s losses, distributions and impairment charges.  However, since the Partnership is not legally liable for the obligations of the Local Partnerships, or is not otherwise committed to provide additional support to them, it does not recognize losses once its investment in each of the Local Partnerships reaches zero.  Distributions from the Local Partnerships are accounted for as a reduction of the investment balance until the investment balance is reduced to zero.  Subsequent distributions received are recognized as income in the statements of operations.  For those investments where the Partnership has determined that the carrying value of its investments approximates the estimated fair value of those investments, the Partnership’s policy is to recognize equity in income of the Local Partnerships only to the extent of distributions received, and amortization of acquisition costs from those Local Partnerships.  Therefore, the Partnership limits its recognition of equity earnings to the amount it expects to ultimately realize. The Partnership recognized no equity in income or loss from Local Partnerships during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.  The Partnership did not receive any distributions from Local Partnerships during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.

 

Two Local Partnerships, Santa Maria Limited Dividend Partnership Assoc. (“Santa Maria”) and Marina Del Rey Limited Dividend Partnership Assoc. (“Marina Del Rey”), have been marketing their properties for sale. On October 26, 2011, Santa Maria and Marina Del Rey each entered into separate purchase and sale contracts to sell their respective investment properties to a third party for a gross sales price of $2,600,000 and $2,750,000, respectively. After payment of closing costs and repayment of the notes payable encumbering the properties, the Partnership expects to receive approximately $330,000 and $500,000 from Santa Maria and Marina Del Rey, respectively, for advance repayments and distributions. The sales are expected to close during December 2012. The Partnership has no investment balances remaining in these two Local Partnerships at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

In May 2011, the Partnership assigned its limited partnership interest in Village Apartments (“Village”) to an affiliate of the operating general partner of Village. The Partnership believed that Village’s liabilities exceeded the fair value of the property. In addition, Village faced foreclosure as the lender had issued an acceleration notice on Village’s mortgage. The Partnership did not receive any proceeds for the assignment. The Partnership’s investment balance in Village was zero at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.

 

At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the investment balance in all five of the Local Partnerships had been reduced to zero.

 

An annual management fee is payable to the Corporate General Partner of the Partnership and is calculated at 0.4 percent of the Partnership's original remaining invested assets of the Local Partnerships at the beginning of each year.  The management fee is paid to the Corporate General Partner for its continuing management of the Partnership's affairs. The fee is payable beginning with the month following the Partnership's initial investment in a Local Partnership. Management fees were approximately $12,000 and $14,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease in management fees is due to the assignment of interest in one Local Partnership during 2011.

 

Operating expenses, other than management fees, consist of legal and accounting fees for services rendered to the Partnership and general and administrative expenses. Legal and accounting fees were approximately $11,000 and $13,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease in legal and accounting fees is due to non-recurring legal costs incurred in 2011 associated with a review of the Partnership’s investments. General and administrative expenses were approximately $4,000 and $3,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

At times, advances are made to the Local Partnerships. Advances made by the Partnership to the individual Local Partnerships are considered part of the Partnership’s investment in the Local Partnerships. Advances to Local Partnerships for which the investment has been reduced to zero are charged to expense. There were no advances made during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011. While not obligated to make advances to any of the Local Partnerships, the Partnership may make future advances in order to protect its economic investment in the Local Partnerships.

 

The Partnership, as a limited partner in the Local Partnerships in which it has invested, is subject to the risks incident to the management and ownership of improved real estate.  The Partnership investments are also subject to adverse general economic conditions, and, accordingly, the status of the national legislation which could increase vacancy levels, rental payment defaults, and operating expenses, which in turn, could substantially increase the risk of operating losses for the projects.

 

The current policy of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) is to not renew the Housing Assistance Payment (“HAP”) Contracts on a long-term basis on the existing terms.  In connection with renewals of the HAP Contracts under current law and policy, the amount of rental assistance payments under renewed HAP Contracts will be based on market rentals instead of above market rentals, which may be the case under existing HAP Contracts.  The payments under the renewed HAP Contracts may not be in an amount that would provide sufficient cash flow to permit owners of properties subject to HAP Contracts to meet the debt service requirements of existing loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration of HUD (“FHA”) unless such mortgage loans are restructured. In order to address the reduction in payments under HAP Contracts as a result of current policy, the Multi- family Assisted Housing Reform and Affordability Act of 1997 (“MAHRAA”) provides for the restructuring of mortgage loans insured by the FHA with respect to properties subject to the Section 8 program.  Under MAHRAA, an FHA-insured mortgage loan can be restructured into a first mortgage loan which will be amortized on a current basis and a low interest second mortgage loan payable to FHA which will only be payable on maturity of the first mortgage loan.  This restructuring results in a reduction in annual debt service payable to the owner of the FHA-insured mortgage loan and is expected to result in an insurance payment from FHA to the holder of the FHA-insured loan due to the reduction in the principal amount.  MAHRAA also phases out project-based subsidies on selected properties serving families not located in rental markets with limited supply, converting such subsidies to a tenant-based subsidy.

 

When the HAP Contracts are subject to renewal, there can be no assurance that the Local Partnerships in which the Partnership has an investment will be permitted to restructure their mortgage indebtedness under MAHRAA.  In addition, the economic impact on the Partnership of the combination of the reduced payments under the HAP Contracts and the restructuring of the existing FHA-insured mortgage loans under MAHRAA is uncertain. 

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

The Partnership owns limited partnership interests in unconsolidated Local Partnerships, in which the Partnership’s ownership percentage ranges from 95% to 99%.  However, based on the provisions of the relevant partnership agreements, the Partnership, as a limited partner, does not have control or a contractual relationship with the Local Partnerships that would require or allow for consolidation under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (see “Note 1 – Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of the financial statements in “Item 1. Financial Statements”).  There are no lines of credit, side agreements or any other derivative financial instruments between the Local Partnerships and the Partnership.  Accordingly the Partnership’s maximum risk of loss related to these unconsolidated Local Partnerships is limited to the recorded investments in and receivables from the Local Partnerships.  See “Note 2 – Investments in and Advances to Local Partnerships” of the financial statements in “Item 1. Financial Statements” for additional information about the Partnership’s investments in unconsolidated Local Partnerships.

 

Other

 

In addition to its indirect ownership of the general partnership interest in the Partnership, Aimco and its affiliates owned 492 limited partnership units (the "Units") (or 984 limited partnership interests) in the Partnership representing 8.66% of the outstanding Units as of March 31, 2012. A Unit consists of two limited partnership interests. A number of these Units were acquired pursuant to tender offers made by Aimco or its affiliates. It is possible that Aimco or its affiliates will acquire additional Units in exchange for cash or a combination of cash and units in AIMCO Properties, L.P., the operating partnership of Aimco, either through private purchases or tender offers. Pursuant to the Partnership Agreement, unitholders holding a majority of the Units are entitled to take action with respect to a variety of matters that include, but are not limited to, voting on certain amendments to the Partnership Agreement and voting to remove the Corporate General Partner. Although the Corporate General Partner owes fiduciary duties to the limited partners of the Partnership, the Corporate General Partner also owes fiduciary duties to Aimco as its sole stockholder. As a result, the duties of the Corporate General Partner, as corporate general partner, to the Partnership and its limited partners may come into conflict with the duties of the Corporate General Partner to Aimco as its sole stockholder.

 

Variable Interest Entities

 

The Partnership consolidates any variable interest entities in which the Partnership holds a variable interest and is the primary beneficiary. Generally, a variable interest entity, or VIE, is an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is not sufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about an entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is generally the entity that has (a) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, and (b) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.

 

In determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of a VIE, the Partnership considers qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: which activities most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and which party controls such activities; the amount and characteristics of the Partnership’s investment; the obligation or likelihood for the Partnership or other investors to provide financial support; and the similarity with and significance to the business activities of the Partnership and the other investors.  Significant judgments related to these determinations include estimates about the current and future fair values and performance of real estate held by these VIEs and general market conditions.

 

At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the Partnership holds variable interests in five VIEs for which the Partnership is not the primary beneficiary.  The Partnership has concluded, based on its qualitative consideration of the partnership agreement, the partnership structure and the role of the general partner in each of the Local Partnerships, that the general partner of each of the Local Partnerships is the primary beneficiary of the respective Local Partnership.   In making this determination, the Partnership considered the following factors:

 

·         the general partners conduct and manage the business of the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners have the responsibility for and sole discretion over selecting a property management agent for the Local Partnerships’ underlying real estate properties;

·         the general partners are responsible for approving operating and capital budgets for the properties owned by the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners are obligated to fund any recourse obligations of the Local Partnerships;

·         the general partners are authorized to borrow funds on behalf of the Local Partnerships; and

·         the Partnership, as a limited partner in each of the Local Partnerships, does not have the ability to direct or otherwise significantly influence the activities of the Local Partnerships that most significantly impact such entities’ economic performance.

 

The five VIEs at March 31, 2012 consist of Local Partnerships that are directly engaged in the ownership and management of five apartment properties with a total of 335 units. The Partnership is involved with those VIEs as a non-controlling limited partner equity holder. The Partnership’s maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with the unconsolidated VIEs is limited to the Partnership’s recorded investments in and receivables from these VIEs, which were zero at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The Partnership may be subject to additional losses to the extent of any financial support that the Partnership voluntarily provides in the future.

 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires the Partnership to make estimates and assumptions. Judgments and assessments of uncertainties are required in applying the Partnership’s accounting policies in many areas.   The following may involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity.

 

Method of Accounting for Investments in Local Partnerships

 

The Partnership, as a limited partner, does not have a contractual relationship with the Local Partnerships or exercise control over the activities and operations, including refinancing or selling decisions, of the Local Partnerships that would require or allow for consolidation. Accordingly, the Partnership accounts for its investments in the Local Partnerships using the equity method. The Partnership is allocated profits and losses of the Local Partnerships based upon its respective ownership percentage (between 95% and 99%). Distributions of surplus cash from operations from most of the Local Partnerships are restricted by the Local Partnerships’ Regulatory Agreements with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”). These restrictions limit the distribution to a portion, generally less than 10%, of the initial invested capital. The excess surplus cash is deposited into a residual receipts reserve, of which the ultimate realization by the Partnership is uncertain as HUD frequently retains it upon sale or dissolution of the Local Partnership. The Partnership is allocated profits and losses and receives distributions from refinancings and sales in accordance with the Local Partnerships’ partnership agreements. These agreements usually limit the Partnership’s distributions to an amount substantially less than its ownership percentage in the Local Partnership. 

 

The individual investments are carried at cost plus the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s profits less the Partnership’s share of the Local Partnership’s losses, distributions and impairment charges. The Partnership is not legally liable for the obligations of the Local Partnerships and is not otherwise committed to provide additional support to them. Therefore, it does not recognize losses once its investment in each of the Local Partnerships reaches zero.  Distributions from the Local Partnerships are accounted for as a reduction of the investment balance until the investment balance is reduced to zero. When the investment balance has been reduced to zero, subsequent distributions received are recognized as income in the statements of operations. 

 

For those investments where the Partnership has determined that the carrying value of its investments approximates the estimated fair value of those investments, the Partnership’s policy is to recognize equity in income of the Local Partnerships only to the extent of distributions received and amortization of acquisition costs from those Local Partnerships.  Therefore, the Partnership limits its recognition of equity earnings to the amount it expects to ultimately realize.

 


ITEM 3.     QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4.     CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a)   Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

The Partnership’s management, with the participation of the principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the Corporate General Partner, who are the equivalent of the Partnership’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Partnership’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the Corporate General Partner, who are the equivalent of the Partnership’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively, have concluded that, as of the end of such period, the Partnership’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

(b)   Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

There has been no change in the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the fiscal quarter to which this report relates that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting.


PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 6.     EXHIBITS

 

See Exhibit Index.

 

The agreements included as exhibits to this Form 10-Q contain representations and warranties by each of the parties to the applicable agreement. These representations and warranties have been made solely for the benefit of the other parties to the applicable agreement and:

 

  • should not in all instances be treated as categorical statements of fact, but rather as a way of allocating the risk to one of the parties if those statements prove to be inaccurate;

 

  • have been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other party in connection with the negotiation of the applicable agreement, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreement;

 

  • may apply standards of materiality in a way that is different from what may be viewed as material to an investor; and

 

  • were made only as of the date of the applicable agreement or such other date or dates as may be specified in the agreement and are subject to more recent developments.

 

Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date they were made or at any other time. The Partnership acknowledges that, notwithstanding the inclusion of the foregoing cautionary statements, it is responsible for considering whether additional specific disclosures of material information regarding material contractual provisions are required to make the statements in this Form 10-Q not misleading. Additional information about the Partnership may be found elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and the Partnership’s other public filings, which are available without charge through the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.

 



REAL ESTATE ASSOCIATES LIMITED III

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 

Exhibit     Description of Exhibit

 

 

3           Restated Certificate and Agreement of Limited Partnership herein dated January 5, 1981 incorporated by reference to the Partnership's Form S-11 No. 268983.

 

3.1         Amendments to Restated Certificate and Agreement of Limited Partnership, incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 24, 2005.

 

3.2         Restated Certificate and Agreement of Limited Partnership incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K dated January 24, 2005.

 

10.2        Second Amendment to Amended and Restated Agreement and Certificate of Limited Partnership of Village Apartment, Ltd., dated May 18, 2011, by and between R. L. Ayers, an individual; Village Apartment Limited, Inc., a Tennessee corporation; Real Estate Associates Limited III, a California limited partnership; and Helen Ayers, an individual. (Incorporated by reference to the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2011.)

 

31.1        Certification of equivalent of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

31.2        Certification of equivalent of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.1        Certification of equivalent of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

101         XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language). The following materials from Real Estate Associates Limited III’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012, formatted in XBRL: (i) balance sheets, (ii) statements of operations, (iii) statement of changes in partners’ (deficiency) capital, (iv) statements of cash flows, and (v) notes to financial statements. (1)

 

(1)         As provided in Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, this information is furnished

and not filed for purposes of Sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.