|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2012
Note 2 – Acquisition
On August 18, 2011, the Company acquired substantially all the assets of Patriot Special Metals, Inc. and RSM Real Estate Holding, Inc., consisting of a specialty steel manufacturing facility located in North Jackson, Ohio (the "North Jackson Facility"). The North Jackson Facility began forging and finishing operations in September 2011. In December 2011, the North Jackson Facility performed the first melts on its new vacuum induction melting (VIM) furnace and two vacuum arc remelting (VAR) furnaces. The aggregate purchase price for the North Jackson Facility was $111.3 million, which was comprised of a $40.0 million term loan, $40.0 million in borrowings under a revolving credit facility, $20.0 million in aggregate principal amount of convertible promissory notes issued to the sellers of the North Jackson Facility and the remainder from cash on-hand prior to the acquisition. The term loan and revolving credit facility were subsequently amended during the three months ended March 31, 2012, which is discussed further in Note 5. At closing, the Company entered into an escrow agreement with the sellers, pursuant to which $2.5 million of the purchase price was placed in escrow. The escrow agreement expires eighteen months after the closing date.
For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company incurred $0 and $419,000, respectively, of acquisition related costs which are included as a component of selling and administrative expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The following table summarizes the preliminary acquisition-date fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed in connection with the North Jackson Facility acquisition (dollars in thousands):
Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in connection with the acquisition have been recorded at their estimated fair values as of the acquisition date. Preliminary fair values were determined by management based, in part, on independent valuations performed by third party valuation specialists. The above preliminary fair values are subject to change based upon the finalization of the valuations. Under GAAP, the measurement period shall not exceed one year from the acquisition date. The Company will finalize the above amounts as the information necessary to complete the analysis is obtained. The fair value assigned to the non-compete agreement is subject to amortization over the five year life of the agreement.
Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net assets acquired and represents the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired that could not be individually identified and separately recognized. Among the factors that contributed to a purchase price in excess of the fair value of the net tangible and intangible assets acquired were the acquisition of an assembled workforce and the expected synergies and other benefits that the Company believes will result from combining the operations of the North Jackson Facility with the Company's other operations. Goodwill related to the North Jackson Facility acquisition was recorded in the Company's Universal Stainless & Alloy Products reportable segment. There was no goodwill recognized for income tax purposes as a result of the North Jackson Facility acquisition.
The following is a summary of the changes in the carrying value of goodwill, from December 31, 2011 through March 31, 2012 (dollars in thousands):
As previously mentioned, the Company incurred debt in the form of a term loan, borrowings under a revolving credit facility and convertible notes issued to acquire the North Jackson Facility. In accordance with GAAP, the Company recorded this debt at fair value as of the acquisition date. The fair value of the term loan and borrowings under the revolving credit facility were determined to be the par value of the debt. The terms of the convertible notes were designed to and resulted in the fair value of the option to convert and the debt component aggregating to the par amount of the convertible notes. The Company evaluated the conversion feature of the convertible notes at issuance and determined that no beneficial conversion features existed, which would have required bifurcation.
The operating results of the North Jackson Facility have been included in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements since the acquisition date.
The following unaudited pro forma information presents the combined results as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2011. The unaudited pro forma financial information was prepared to give effect to events that are (1) directly attributable to the acquisition; (2) factually supportable; and (3) expected to have a continuing impact on the combined company's results. Pro forma adjustments have been made to reflect the incremental impact on earnings of amortization expense related to the acquired intangible asset and income tax expense. The Company has calculated the 2011 pro forma results using a 36.4% effective tax rate from January 1, 2011. As a result of no assets being placed in service prior to the acquisition date, the Company has not included any incremental interest expense resulting from the debt incurred to finance the acquisition. All incurred interest would have been capitalized prior to placing the assets in service. The Company has not included the dilutive effect of the convertible notes on the unaudited pro forma information. Due to the level of completion of the North Jackson Facility on January 1, 2011, it is highly unlikely that the acquisition would have been partially financed through the issuance of convertible notes. Prior to the acquisition, the North Jackson Facility's only sales were derived from scrap sales. Pro forma adjustments were made to eliminate one-time acquisition related costs. The unaudited pro forma financial information does not reflect any cost savings, operating synergies or revenue enhancements that the combined company may achieve as a result of the acquisition or the costs to integrate the operations or the costs necessary to achieve cost savings, operating synergies or revenue enhancements. The pro forma results are not indicative of how the results will appear in the future.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef