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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 


FORM 10-Q
 (Mark One)
 
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012
OR
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
 
Commission file number: 000-26427
Stamps.com Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
 
77-0454966
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)

12959 Coral Tree Place
Los Angeles, California 90066
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(310) 482-5800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes þ   No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer  o                                                                                                          Accelerated filer  þ     
 
Non-accelerated filer  o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)                          Smaller reporting company  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨   No þ
 
As of April 30, 2012, there were approximately 16,463,131 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock issued and outstanding.
 


 
 

 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
FORM 10-Q QUARTERLY REPORT FOR THE QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2012
 
 
 
Page
2
     
 
2
     
 
15
     
 
24
     
 
24
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
26
     
 
26
     
 
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
26
     
 
26
     
 
26
     
 
26
     
 
26
     
 
ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS
26

 
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC.  AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
   
(unaudited)
       
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 47,463     $ 54,087  
Restricted cash
          500  
Short-term investments
    1,673       1,397  
Accounts receivable, net
    7,455       10,466  
Other current assets
    4,568       5,476  
Total current assets
    61,159       71,926  
Property and equipment, net
    17,989       2,165  
Intangible assets, net
    825       837  
Long-term investments
    18,168       13,379  
Deferred income taxes.
    28,041       16,125  
Other assets
    3,327       3,548  
Total assets
  $ 129,509     $ 107,980  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
  $ 13,737     $ 12,075  
Deferred revenue
    1,863       1,898  
Total current liabilities
    15,600       13,973  
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Stockholders’ equity:
               
Common stock, $.001 par value Authorized shares: 47,500 in 2012 and 2011 Issued shares: 27,024 in 2012 and 26,856 in 2011 Outstanding shares: 16,331 in 2012 and 16,163 in 2011
    50       49  
Additional paid-in capital
    641,027       637,483  
Accumulated deficit
    (403,978 )     (420,338 )
Treasury stock, at cost, 10,693 shares in 2012 and 2011
    (123,472 )     (123,472 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    282       285  
Total stockholders’ equity
    113,909       94,007  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 129,509     $ 107,980  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

STAMPS.COM INC.  AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Revenues:
           
Service
  $ 21,387     $ 17,237  
Product
    3,929       3,365  
Insurance
    1,662       833  
PhotoStamps
    1,312       1,381  
Other
    3       1  
Total revenues
    28,293       22,817  
Cost of revenues:
               
Service
    4,239       3,580  
Product
    1,460       1,292  
Insurance
    535       262  
PhotoStamps
    1,029       1,090  
Total cost of revenues
    7,263       6,224  
Gross profit
    21,030       16,593  
Operating expenses:
               
Sales and marketing
    10,107       8,276  
Research and development
    2,657       2,273  
General and administrative
    3,845       3,460  
Total operating expenses
    16,609       14,009  
Income from operations
    4,421       2,584  
                 
Interest and other income, net
    124       156  
Income before income taxes
    4,545       2,740  
Income tax (benefit) expense
    (11,815 )     65  
Net income
  $ 16,360     $ 2,675  
Net income per share
               
Basic
  $ 1.01     $ 0.18  
Diluted
  $ 0.95     $ 0.18  
Weighted average shares outstanding
               
Basic
    16,250       14,484  
Diluted
    17,173       14,613  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC.  AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
             
Net income
  $ 16,360     $ 2,675  
Other comprehensive income:
               
Unrealized loss on investment
    (3 )     (83 )
Comprehensive income
  $ 16,357     $ 2,592  
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 

STAMPS.COM INC.  AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Operating activities:
           
Net income
  $ 16,360     $ 2,675  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    303       231  
Stock-based compensation expense
    1,323       796  
Deferred income taxes
    (11,916 )      
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
    3,011       (1,312 )
Other current assets
    908       (352 )
Other assets
    221       (61 )
Deferred revenue
    (35 )     142  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    899       436  
Net cash provided by operating activities
    11,074       2,555  
                 
Investing activities:
               
Sale of short-term investments
    330        
Purchase of short-term investments
    (591 )      
Sale of long-term investments
    684       1,258  
Purchase of long-term investments
    (5,491 )      
Release of restricted cash
    500        
Purchase of property and equipment
    (15,352 )     (149 )
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
    (19,920 )     1,109  
                 
Financing activities:
               
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    1,796       204  
Issuance of common stock under ESPP
    426       413  
Repurchase of common stock
          (2,192 )
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    2,222       (1,575 )
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (6,624 )     2,089  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    54,087       8,071  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 47,463     $ 10,160  
                 
Supplemental Information:
               
Capital expenditures accrued but not paid at period end
    763        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
1.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
We prepared the consolidated financial statements included herein without audit pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with United States (“U.S.”) generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. We believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. We recommend that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes thereto included in our latest annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, filed with the SEC on March 14, 2012.
 
In our opinion, these unaudited financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly our financial position as of March 31, 2012, our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2012.  The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Stamps.com Inc. and PhotoStamps Inc. In October 2009, we formed PhotoStamps Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary, for the purpose of managing our retail gift card operations. Because 100% of the voting control is held by us, we have consolidated PhotoStamps Inc. in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
 
Use of Estimates and Risk Management
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes.  Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences may be material to the financial statements. Examples include estimates of loss contingencies, promotional coupon redemptions, the number of PhotoStamps retail boxes that will not be redeemed, deferred income taxes and estimates regarding the useful lives of our building, patents and other amortizable intangible assets.
 
Contingencies and Litigation
 
We are involved in various litigation matters as a claimant and a defendant. We record any amounts recovered in these matters when received. We record liabilities for claims against us when the loss is probable and estimable. Amounts recorded are based on reviews by outside counsel, in-house counsel and management. Actual results could differ from estimates.
 
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
Carrying amounts of certain of our financial instruments including cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value due to their short maturities. The fair values of investments are determined using quoted market prices for those securities or similar financial instruments.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
Property and Equipment
 
We account for property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. We compute depreciation using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset, generally three to five years. We have a policy of capitalizing expenditures that materially increase assets’ useful lives and charging ordinary maintenance and repairs to operations as incurred. When property or equipment is disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts, and any gain or loss is included in operations.
 
On January 23, 2012, we completed the previously announced purchase of two adjacent buildings in El Segundo, California that will serve as our future headquarters for an aggregate purchase price of $13.4 million, of which approximately $7.2 million was allocated to land, $5.5 million was allocated to building and $700,000 was allocated to lease-in-place intangible assets.  At closing, we acquired existing leases which have remaining terms of up to approximately 5.5 years. The building will be depreciated on a straight line basis over the estimated useful life of 40 years. The lease-in-place intangible assets will be amortized over 5.5 years.  Land is not depreciated. This purchase was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with the U.S. GAAP.
 
Income Taxes
 
We account for income taxes in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC Topic No. 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax basis of recorded assets and liabilities. ASC 740 also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. We record a valuation allowance to reduce our gross deferred tax assets, which are primarily comprised of U.S. Federal and State tax loss carryforwards, to the amount that is more likely than not (a likelihood of more than 50 percent) to be realized. In order for us to realize our deferred tax assets, we must be able to generate sufficient taxable income. We evaluate the appropriateness of our deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance in accordance with ASC 740 based on all available positive and negative evidence.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
We recognize revenue from product sales or services rendered, licensing the use of our software and intellectual property as well as commissions from advertising or sale of products by third party vendors to our customer base when the following four revenue recognition criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.
 
Service revenue is primarily derived from monthly subscription fees and is recognized in the period that services are provided. Product sales, net of return allowances, are recorded when the products are shipped and title passes to customers. Sales of items, including PhotoStamps, sold to customers are made pursuant to a sales contract that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon our delivery to the carrier. Return allowances for expected product returns, which reduce product revenue, are estimated using historical experience. Commissions from the advertising or sale of products by a third party vendor to our customer base are recognized when the revenue is earned and collection is deemed probable.
 
Customers pay face value for postage purchased for use through our PC Postage software, and the funds are transferred directly from the customers to the United States Postal Service (“USPS”). We do not recognize revenue for this postage, as it is purchased by our customers directly from the USPS.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
PhotoStamps revenue, which includes the face value of postage, from the sale of PhotoStamps sheets and rolls is made pursuant to a sales contract that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon our delivery to the carrier.
 
Sale of PhotoStamps retail boxes are initially recorded as deferred revenue.  PhotoStamps revenue related to the sale of these PhotoStamps retail boxes is subsequently recognized when either: 1) the PhotoStamps retail box is redeemed, or 2) the likelihood of the PhotoStamps retail box being redeemed is deemed remote (“breakage”) and there is no legal obligation to remit the value of the unredeemed PhotoStamps retail boxes.
 
On a limited basis, we allow third parties to offer products and promotions to our customer base. These arrangements generally provide payment in the form of a flat fee or revenue sharing arrangements where we receive payment upon customers accessing third party products and services. Total revenue from such advertising arrangements was not significant during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
 
We provide our customers with the opportunity to purchase parcel insurance directly through our software. Insurance revenue represents the gross amount charged to the customer for purchasing insurance and the related cost represents the amount paid to the insurance broker, Parcel Insurance Plan. We recognize revenue on insurance purchases upon the ship date of the insured package.
 
PhotoStamps Retail Boxes
 
We sell PhotoStamps retail boxes that are redeemable for PhotoStamps on our website.  The PhotoStamps retail boxes are sold through various third party retail partners.  Our PhotoStamps retail boxes are not subject to administrative fees on unredeemed boxes and have no expiration date.  PhotoStamps retail box sales are recorded as deferred revenue.  Prior to the second quarter of 2011, revenue was recognized only on boxes that were actually redeemed on our website.
 
During the second quarter of 2011, we concluded that sufficient company-specific historical evidence existed to determine the period of time after which the likelihood of the PhotoStamps retail boxes being redeemed was remote.  Based on our analysis of the redemption data, we estimate that period of time to be 60 months after the sale of our PhotoStamps retail boxes.
 
Beginning in the second quarter of 2011, we began recognizing breakage revenue related to our PhotoStamps retail boxes utilizing the redemption recognition method. Under the redemption recognition method, we recognize breakage revenue from unredeemed retail boxes in proportion to the revenue recognized from the retail boxes that have been redeemed.  During the second quarter of 2011, we recognized $2.2 million, which was $0.15 on a per share basis using fully diluted shares as of June 30, 2011 (revenue divided by fully diluted shares outstanding, exclusive of any current or prior period costs related to the retail programs), of retail box breakage revenue, of which $2.1 million related to a cumulative catch-up for previously sold and unredeemed PhotoStamps retail boxes originally recorded as deferred revenue. The retail box breakage revenue recognized was recorded in PhotoStamps revenue. We continue to recognize retail box breakage revenue from PhotoStamps retail boxes using the redemption recognition method.  PhotoStamps retail box breakage revenue during the first quarter of 2012 was not significant to our consolidated financial statements.
 
Subsequent Events
 
We are not aware of any material subsequent events or transactions that have occurred that would require recognition in the financial statements or disclosure in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
2.
Legal Proceedings
 
On November 22, 2006, we filed a lawsuit against Endicia, Inc. and PSI Systems, Inc. in the United States District Court for the Central District of California for infringement of eleven of our patents covering, among other things, Internet postage technology. We sought an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. On November 10, 2008, we were required to select fifteen claims (from over six hundred claims available) to be the subject of the trial. On November 9, 2009, the Court granted the summary judgment motion of Endicia, Inc. and PSI Systems, Inc. that the fifteen claims we selected are invalid. On June 15, 2011, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the summary judgment ruling. We do not anticipate any further appeals.
 
 
On August 8, 2008, PSI Systems, Inc. filed a lawsuit against us in the same court, alleging that we infringed three PSI Systems patents related to Internet postage technology. PSI Systems seeks an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. On September 16, 2008, we filed counterclaims for infringement of four more of our patents. In our counterclaim, we seek an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. The Court issued a “Markman order” to determine the meaning of the claims on May 14, 2010.
 
 
On March 6, 2012, we entered into a binding agreement with PSI Systems, Inc. to resolve all outstanding patent litigation among the parties. On April 23, 2012, we executed a patent license and settlement agreement.  Under the terms of the agreement, the parties agreed to a patent cross-licensing arrangement for the patents in dispute in (i) the lawsuit filed by Stamps.com against Endicia, Inc. and PSI Systems, Inc. on November 22, 2006 and (ii) the lawsuit filed by PSI Systems, Inc. against Stamps.com Inc. on August 8, 2008, both in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. In addition, the parties agreed to a five-year period where each will not sue the other for patent infringement. No payments were made to either party as part of the settlement.
 
 
We are subject to various other routine legal proceedings and claims incidental to our business, and we do not believe that these proceedings and claims would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

3.
Net Income per Share
 
Net income per share represents net income attributable to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during a reported period. The diluted net income per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock, including stock options (commonly and hereafter referred to as “common stock equivalents”), were exercised or converted into common stock. Diluted net income per share is calculated by dividing net income during a reported period by the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus common stock equivalents for the period.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
The following table reconciles share amounts utilized to calculate basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share data):
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Net income
  $ 16,360     $ 2,675  
                 
Basic - weighted average common shares
    16,250       14,484  
Diluted effect of common stock equivalents
    923       129  
Diluted - weighted average common shares
    17,173       14,613  
                 
Earnings per share:
               
Basic
  $ 1.01     $ 0.18  
Diluted
  $ 0.95     $ 0.18  
                 
 
The calculation of dilutive shares excludes the effect of the following options that are considered anti-dilutive (in thousands):
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Anti-dilutive stock option shares
    31       1,924  
                 

4.
Stock-Based Employee Compensation
 
We estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model and recognize stock-based compensation expense during each period based on the value of that portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period, reduced for estimated forfeitures. We estimate forfeitures at the time of grant based on historical data and revise, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Compensation expense recognized for all employee stock options granted is recognized using the straight-line method over their respective vesting periods of three to five years.
 
The following table sets forth the stock-based compensation expense that we recognized for the periods indicated (in thousands):
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Stock-based compensation expense relating to:
           
Employee and director stock options
  $ 856     $ 643  
Employee stock purchases
    467       153  
Total stock-based compensation expense
  $ 1,323     $ 796  
                 
                 
Stock-based compensation expense relating to:
               
Cost of revenues
  $ 126     $ 67  
Sales and marketing
    299       195  
Research and development
    356       188  
General and administrative
    542       346  
Total stock-based compensation expense
  $ 1,323     $ 796  
                 
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
We use the Black-Scholes option valuation model to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant, which requires us to make a number of highly complex and subjective assumptions, including stock price volatility, expected term, risk-free interest rates and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. In the case of options we grant, our assumption of expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock price over the term equal to the expected life. We base the risk-free interest rate on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the expected life assumed at the date of grant.  The estimated expected life represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding determined based on an analysis of historical exercise behavior.
 
The following are the weighted average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes valuation model for the periods indicated:
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Expected dividend yield
           
Risk-free interest rate
    0.4 %     2.1 %
Expected volatility
    51.7 %     47.2 %
Expected life (in years)
    3.7       4.5  
Expected forfeiture rate
    7.0 %     7.0 %
 
5.
Intangible Assets
 
We have amortizable and non-amortizable intangible assets consisting of patents, trademarks and other intellectual property with a gross carrying value of $8.7 million and accumulated amortization of approximately $7.8 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The expected useful lives of our amortizable intangible assets range from approximately 9 to 17 years. The weighted average amortization period for our amortizable intangible assets is approximately 7.3 years.  During 2011, we assessed whether events or changes in circumstances occurred that could potentially indicate that the carrying amount of our intangible assets may not be recoverable. We concluded that there were no such events or changes in circumstances during 2011 and determined that the fair value of our intangible assets was in excess of their carrying value as of December 31, 2011. Our expected yearly amortization expense for the next five years is approximately $47,000.
 
6.
Income Taxes
 
During the first quarter of 2012, our net income tax benefit consisted of a reduction of a portion of our valuation allowance on our deferred tax asset (as described below) and federal and state alternative minimum taxes. Our effective income tax rate differs from the statutory income tax rate primarily as a result of the reduction of a portion of our valuation allowance. We evaluated the appropriateness of our deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance in accordance with ASC 740 based on all available positive and negative evidence.  A valuation allowance is recorded against a portion of our gross deferred tax assets as we have determined the realization of these assets does not meet the more likely than not criteria.
 
During the fourth quarter of 2011, we released a portion of our valuation allowance totaling approximately $8.5 million as a result of an increase in our projected taxable income.
 
On March 6, 2012, we entered into a binding agreement with PSI Systems, Inc. (PSI) to resolve all outstanding patent litigation among the parties (see Note 2 – Legal Proceedings for further description). Because of the PSI litigation settlement during the first quarter of 2012, we eliminated what had previously been negative evidence.  The litigation settlement now becomes positive evidence because (1) it eliminated the hard-to-predict fluctuations in litigation expenditures, which we expected to be material in future forecasts, (2) it eliminated the potential for a material negative financial judgment against us and (3) it eliminated the possibility of an injunction against us.  We believe the other positive and negative evidence we evaluated is consistent (e.g., no material change has occurred) relative to our evaluation of this evidence in prior periods.  Based on this discrete event, we extended our forecast of projected taxable income from two years to three years for the portion of our deferred tax asset for which it is more likely than not that a tax benefit will be realized under ASC 740 as of March 31, 2012.  As a result, we released a portion of our valuation allowance totaling $11.9 million during the first quarter of 2012. As of March 31, 2012, we had $28.0 million of net deferred tax assets recorded on our balance sheet, and we continued to maintain a valuation allowance for the remainder of our gross deferred tax assets.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
We recorded income tax expense for corporate alternative minimum U.S. federal and state taxes of approximately $100,000 during the first quarter of 2012 and we recorded a current tax provision for corporate alternative minimum federal taxes of approximately $65,000 during the first quarter of 2011.
 
7.
Fair Value Measurements
 
Financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis are classified in one of the three following categories, which are described below:
 
 
Level 1 - Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets in an active market
 
 
Level 2 - Valuations based on quoted prices in markets where trading occurs infrequently or whose values are based on quoted prices of instruments with similar attributes in active markets
 
 
Level 3 - Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and involve management judgment and our own assumptions about market participants and pricing
 
The following table summarizes our financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
 
         
Fair Value Measurement at Reporting Date Using
 
Description
 
March 31,
2012
   
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
                         
Cash equivalents
  $ 47,463     $ 47,463     $     $  
Available-for-sale debt securities
    19,841             19,841        
Total
  $ 67,304     $ 47,463     $ 19,841     $  
                                 
 
         
Fair Value Measurement at Reporting Date Using
 
Description
 
December 31, 2011
   
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
                         
Cash, restricted cash  and cash equivalents
  $ 54,587     $ 54,587     $     $  
Available-for-sale debt securities
    14,776             14,776        
Total
  $ 69,363     $ 54,587     $ 14,776     $  
                                 
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
The fair value of our available-for-sale debt securities included in the Level 2 category is based on the market values obtained from an independent pricing service that were evaluated using pricing models that vary by asset class and may incorporate available trade, bid and other market information and price quotes from well established independent pricing vendors and broker-dealers.
 
There were no non-financial assets or liabilities that were required to be measured at fair value as of March 31, 2012.
 
8.
Cash Equivalents and Investments
 
Our cash equivalents, restricted cash and investments consist of money market, asset-backed securities, US government obligations, and public corporate debt securities at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. We consider all highly liquid investments with an original or remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents. All of our investments are classified as available for sale and are recorded at market value using the specific identification method. Realized gains and losses are reflected in other income using the specific identification method. There was no material realized gain or loss with respect to our investments during the first quarter of 2012. Unrealized gains and losses are included as a separate component of stockholders' equity.  We do not intend to sell investments with an amortized cost basis exceeding fair value and it is not likely that we will be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases. We have 10 securities with a total fair value of $4.2 million that have unrealized losses of approximately $54,000 as of March 31, 2012. The following table summarizes realized gains and losses for the period indicated (in thousands):
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Realized gain
  $ 2     $ 1  
Realized loss
    (1 )      
Net realized gain
  $ 1     $ 1  
 
On at least a quarterly basis, we evaluate our available for sale securities, and record an “other-than-temporary impairment” (“OTTI”) if we believe their fair value is less than historical cost and it is probable that we will not collect all contractual cash flows. We did not record any OTTI during the three months ended March 31, 2012, after evaluating a number of factors including, but not limited to:
 
 
·
How much fair value has declined below amortized cost
 
·
The financial condition of the issuers
 
·
Significant rating agency changes on the issuer
 
·
Our intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
The following table summarizes our cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and investments as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 (in thousands):
 
   
March 31, 2012
 
   
Cost or
   
Gross
   
Gross
       
   
Amortized
   
Unrealized
   
Unrealized
   
Estimated
 
   
Cost
   
Gains
   
Losses
   
Fair Value
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
                       
Cash
  $ 17,942     $ -     $ -     $ 17,942  
Money market
    29,521       -       -       29,521  
Cash and cash equivalents
    47,463       -       -       47,463  
Short-term investments:
                               
Corporate notes and bonds
    1,661       12       -       1,673  
Short-term investments
    1,661       12       -       1,673  
Long-term investments:
                               
Corporate bonds and asset backed securities
    16,887       311       (54 )     17,144  
U.S. government and agency securities
    1,011       13       -       1,024  
Long-term investments
    17,898       324       (54 )     18,168  
Cash, cash equivalents and investments
  $ 67,022       336       (54 )   $ 67,304  
 
   
December 31, 2011
 
   
Cost or
   
Gross
   
Gross
       
   
Amortized
   
Unrealized
   
Unrealized
   
Estimated
 
   
Cost
   
Gains
   
Losses
   
Fair Value
 
Cash and cash equivalents:
                       
Cash
  $ 8,768                 $ 8,768  
Money market
    45,319                   45,319  
Cash and cash equivalents
    54,087                   54,087  
Restricted cash:
                               
Money market
    500                   500  
Restricted cash
    500                   500  
Short-term investments:
                               
Corporate notes and bonds
    1,400       6       (9 )     1,397  
Short-term investments
    1,400       6       (9 )     1,397  
Long-term investments:
                               
Corporate bonds and asset backed securities
    12,084       309       (38 )     12,355  
U.S. government and agency securities
    1,007       17             1,024  
Long-term investments
    13,091       326       (38 )     13,379  
Cash, cash equivalents and investments
  $ 69,078       332       (47 )   $ 69,363  

 
STAMPS.COM INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
The following table summarizes contractual maturities of our marketable fixed-income securities as of March 31, 2012 (in thousands):
 
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Due within one year
  $ 1,661     $ 1,673  
Due after one year through five years
    17,898       18,168  
Due after five years through ten years
           
Total
  $ 19,559     $ 19,841  
 
 
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”),  and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  These statements relate to expectations concerning matters that are not historical facts.   You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “may” or other similar expressions in this report.  We claim the protection of the safe harbor contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  We caution investors that any forward-looking statements presented in this report, or that we may make orally or in writing from time to time, are based on beliefs and assumptions made by, and information currently available to, us.  Such statements are based on assumptions, and the actual outcome will be affected by known and unknown risks, trends and uncertainties and factors that are beyond our control or ability to predict. Although we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, they are not guarantees of future performance, and some will inevitably prove to be incorrect. As a result, our actual future results may differ from our expectations, and those differences may be material. We are not undertaking any obligation to update any forward-looking statements. Accordingly, investors should use caution in relying on past forward-looking statements, which are based on known results and trends at the time they are made, to anticipate future results or trends.
 
Please refer to the risk factors under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 as well as those described elsewhere in our public filings.  The risks included are not exhaustive, and additional factors could adversely affect our business and financial performance.  We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors, nor can it assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

Stamps.com, NetStamps, PhotoStamps, Hidden Postage, Stamps.com Internet postage and the Stamps.com logo are our trademarks.  This report also references trademarks of other entities.
 
Overview
 
Stamps.com Ò is the leading provider of Internet-based postage solutions.  Our customers use our service to mail and ship a variety of mail pieces, including postcards, envelopes, flats and packages, using a wide range of United States Postal Service (“USPS”) mail classes, including First Class Mail®, Priority Mail®, Express Mail®, Media Mail®, Parcel Post®, and others. Our customers include individuals, small businesses, home offices, medium-size businesses and large enterprises, and within these segments we target both mailers and shippers.   We were the first ever USPS-licensed vendor to offer PC Postage® in a software-only business model in 1999.
 
Services and Products
 
PC Postage Business
 
Our PC Postage solutions enable our customers to buy and print USPS approved postage and services with just a PC, printer and Internet connection, right from their home or office.
 
 We offer the following PC Postage products and services to our customers:
 
·
PC Postage Services. After completing the registration process, customers can purchase and print postage 24 hours a day, seven days a week through our software or web interface. When a customer purchases postage for use through our service, the customer pays the face value of the postage, and the funds are transferred directly from the customer’s account to the USPS’s account.  The customer then draws down their prepaid account balance as they print postage and repurchases postage as necessary.  Customers typically pay a monthly subscription fee for access to our service.
 
Our USPS-approved PC Postage service enables users to print “electronic stamps” directly onto envelopes, plain paper, or labels using only a standard personal computer, printer and Internet connection. Our service currently supports a variety of USPS and international mail classes. Customers can also add USPS Special Services such as Delivery Confirmation TM, Signature Confirmation TM, Registered Mail, Certified Mail, Insured Mail, Return Receipt, Collect on Delivery and Restricted Delivery to their mail pieces. Our customers can print postage (1) on NetStamps® labels, which can be used just like regular stamps, (2) directly on envelopes, postcards or on other types of mail or labels, in a single-step process that saves time and provides a professional look, (3) on plain 8.5” x 11” paper or on special labels for packages, and (4) on integrated customs forms for international mail and packages.
 
 
For added convenience, our PC Postage services incorporate address verification technology that verifies each destination address for mail sent using our service against a database of all known addresses in the United States. Our PC Postage service is also integrated with common small business and productivity software applications such as word processing, contact and address management, and accounting and financial applications. We also offer several different versions of NetStamps, such as Themed NetStamps and Photo NetStamps that allow customers to add stock or full custom designs to their mail while still providing the same NetStamps convenience of printing and using postage whenever it is needed.
 
We offer multiple PC Postage service plans with different features and capabilities targeted to meet different customer needs. Our Pro Plan offers a basic set of Stamps.com mailing & shipping features with single-user capability. Our Premiere plan typically targeted at larger small businesses adds multiple-user functionality, automated Certified Mail forms, additional reference codes and higher allowable postage balances as compared to our Pro Plan feature set. Our Professional Shipper plan is typically targeted at higher volume shippers such as fulfillment houses, retailers and e-commerce merchants and features direct integration into a customer’s order databases, faster label printing speed, the ability to customize and save shipping profiles, and integrations with many of the industry’s leading shipping management systems. We have launched shipping integrations with several of these e-commerce focused companies over the past two years. Our Enterprise plan is typically targeted at organizations with multiple geographic locations and features enhanced reporting that allows a central location such as a corporate headquarters greater visibility and control over postage expenditures across its network of locations.
 
Customers typically pay us a monthly service fee ranging from $15.99 to $39.99 depending on the service plan. In certain circumstances, customers may be on a plan where they do not owe us any monthly service fees. We have an arrangement with the USPS under which if a customer or integration partner prints a certain amount of Priority or Express Mail postage, they can qualify to have their service fees waived or refunded and the USPS compensates us directly. In addition, we also have plans for less than $15.99 which offer more limited functionality targeted at retaining customers who print a lower volume of postage.
 
·
PC Postage Integrations.  As part of our PC Postage services, we offer back-end integration solutions where we provide the electronic postage for transactions to partners who manage the front-end process. Our software integrates directly into the most popular e-commerce platforms, allowing web store managers to completely automate their order fulfillment process by processing, managing, and shipping orders from virtually any e-commerce source through a single interface without manual data entry. Managers can retrieve order data and print complete shipping labels for all USPS mail classes, including First Class International®.
 
In July 2010, we launched a partnership with Amazon.com that makes our domestic and international shipping labels available to Amazon.com Marketplace users. The service allows customers to automatically pay for postage using their Marketplace Payments account, to set a default ship-from address so they do not have to type or write it for each shipment, and to automatically populate the ship-to address on the label. Domestic and international mail classes are supported, and Marketplace users may request carrier pickup from the USPS. A transaction fee of $0.07 per label is charged to non-subscription customers for each label printed.
 
In February 2011 we were awarded a contract from the USPS to provide the electronic postage for shipping transactions generated by Click-N-Ship®, a web-based service available at USPS.com that allows USPS customers to purchase and print shipping labels for domestic and international Priority and Express packages at no additional mark-up over the cost of postage.
 
·
Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store.  Our Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store (our “Supplies Store”) is available to our customers from within our PC Postage software and sells NetStamps labels, shipping labels, other mailing labels, dedicated postage printers, scales, and other mailing and shipping-focused office supplies. Our Supplies Store features a store catalog, messaging regarding our free or discounted shipping promotions, cross-selling product recommendation during the checkout process, product search capabilities, and same day shipping of orders with expedited and rush shipping options.
 
 
·
Branded Insurance. We offer Stamps.com branded insurance to our customers so that they may insure their mail or packages in a fully integrated, online process that eliminates any trips to the post office or the need to complete any special forms. Our branded insurance is provided in partnership with Parcel Insurance Plan and is underwritten by Fireman's Fund. We also offer official USPS package insurance alongside our branded insurance product.
 
PhotoStamps
 
PhotoStamps is a patented form of postage that allows consumers to turn digital photos, designs or images into valid US postage. With this product, individuals or businesses can create customized US postage using pictures of their children, pets, vacations, celebrations, business logos and more. PhotoStamps can be used as regular postage to send letters, postcards or packages. The product is available via our separately-marketed website at www.photostamps.com. Customers upload a digital photograph or image file, customize the look and feel by choosing a border color to complement the photo, select the value of postage, and place the order online. Each sheet includes 20 individual PhotoStamps, and orders arrive via US Mail in a few business days.
 
When we refer to our PC Postage business, we are referring to our PC Postage Service and Integrations, Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store and Branded Insurance offering. We do not include our PhotoStamps business when we refer to our PC Postage business. 
 
Results of Operations
 
Total revenue in the first quarter of 2012 was $28.3 million, an increase of 24% from $22.8 million in the first quarter of 2011.  PC Postage revenue, which includes service revenue, product revenue and insurance revenue, in the first quarter of 2012 was $27.0 million, an increase of 26% from $21.4 million in the first quarter of 2011. PhotoStamps revenue in the first quarter of 2012 was $1.3 million, a decrease of 5% from $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2011. The following table sets forth the breakdown of revenue for the first quarters of 2012 and 2011 and the resulting percentage change (revenue in thousands):
 
   
Three months ended March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
% Change
 
Service revenue
  $ 21,387     $ 17,237       24 %
Product revenue
    3,929       3,365       17 %
Insurance revenue
    1,662       833       100 %
PC postage revenue
  $ 26,978     $ 21,435       26 %
                         
PhotoStamps revenue
  $ 1,312     $ 1,381       (5 %)
Other revenue
    3       1       200 %
Total revenue
  $ 28,293     $ 22,817       24 %

We use several PC Postage marketing channels to acquire customers, including partnerships, online advertising, affiliate channel, direct mail, traditional media advertising and others. Beginning in 2007, we significantly increased our investment in our non-enhanced promotion marketing channels based on our estimated high return-on-investment in that area, and we continued to increase our investment in 2012 as our estimated return-on-investment continued to be attractive.  Primarily as a result of these decisions, core PC Postage revenue for customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels was $26.2 million in the first quarter of 2012, an increase of 27% from $20.6 million in the first quarter of 2011.
 
In the enhanced promotion channel, we work with various companies to advertise our service in a variety of sites on the Internet. These companies typically offer an additional promotion (beyond what we typically offer) directly to the customer in order to get the customer to try our service.  We have been reducing our investment in this area over the last few years, which reduced our revenue for customers acquired through this channel to $782,000 in the first quarter of 2012, a decrease of 3% from $805,000 in the first quarter of 2011.
 
 
The following table sets forth the breakdown of PC Postage revenue between customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels and customers acquired through our enhanced promotion channels for the first quarters of 2012 and 2011 and the resulting percent change (revenue in thousands):
 
   
Three months ended March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
   
% Change
 
Non-enhanced promotion revenue
  $ 26,196     $ 20,630       27 %
Enhanced promotion revenue
    782       805       (3 %)
PC postage revenue
  $ 26,978     $ 21,435       26 %
 
The increase in revenue from customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels was driven by both an increase in paid customers and an increase in average monthly revenue per paid customer.
 
The number of paid customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels during the first quarter of 2012 was approximately 413,000, an increase of 15% from 360,000 in the first quarter of 2011. We define paid customers for the quarter as ones from whom we successfully collected service fees at least once during that quarter.
 
The increase in paid customers in the first quarter of 2012 was attributable to increased customer acquisition in these channels. We believe the increased customer acquisition was primarily attributable to increased customer acquisition spending and to a lesser degree the postal rate increase in January, 2012, which generated higher levels of customer acquisition for the period of time around the rate increase.  For customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels, our average monthly revenue per paid customer for the first quarter of 2012 was $21.16, an increase of 11% compared from $19.09 for the first quarter of 2011. We believe the increase in average monthly revenue per paid customer was partially attributable to: (1) higher fees per paid customer from our high volume shipping and enterprise customer segments, (2) an increase in the average store revenue per paid customer driven by the increased usage of our service and (3) an increase in insurance purchases per paid customer driven by our focus on shipping and new insurance features.
 
Revenue by Product
 
The following table shows our revenue and revenue as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Total Revenues
           
Service
  $ 21,387     $ 17,237  
Product
    3,929       3,365  
Insurance
    1,662       833  
PhotoStamps
    1,312       1,381  
Other
    3       1  
Total revenues
  $ 28,293     $ 22,817  
Revenue as a  percentage of total revenues
               
Service
    75 %     75 %
Product
    14 %     15 %
Insurance
    6 %     4 %
PhotoStamps
    5 %     6 %
Other
    0 %     0 %
Total revenues
    100 %     100 %

 
Our revenue is derived primarily from five sources: (1) service and transaction fees related to our PC Postage service; (2) product revenue from the direct sale of consumables and supplies through our Supplies Store; (3) insurance revenue from our branded insurance offering; (4) PhotoStamps revenue from our PhotoStamps business; and (5) other revenue, consisting of advertising revenue derived from advertising programs with our existing customers.
 
Service revenue increased 24% to $21.4 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $17.2 million in the first quarter of 2011. The 24% increase in service revenue consisted of a 25% increase in service revenue from customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels and a 4% decrease in service revenue from customers acquired through our enhanced promotion channel. The 25% increase in service revenue from customers through the non-enhanced promotion channels consisted of a 15% increase in paid customers and a 9% increase in average service revenue per customer.
 
Product revenue increased 17% to $3.9 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $3.4 million in the first quarter of 2011. The increase was primarily attributable to the following: (1) growth in our paid customer base; (2) the postal rate increase in January, 2012 which generated incremental label sales for the period of time around the rate increase (3) marketing our Supplies Store to our existing customer base; and (4) growth in postage printed, which helps drive sales of consumable supplies such as labels. Total postage printed by customers using our service during the first quarter of 2011 was $222 million, a 53% increase from the $145 million printed during the first quarter of 2011.
 
Insurance revenue increased 100% to approximately $1.7 million in the first quarter of 2012 from approximately $833,000 in the first quarter of 2011. This increase was primarily attributable to (1) the expansion of our existing package insurance offering to cover packages being shipped to international destinations, (2) insurance purchases resulting from our partnership with Amazon.com, and (3) increased insurance purchases by high volume shippers.
 
We continued to reduce our PhotoStamps sales and marketing spending in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the first quarter of 2011, and plan to continue to reduce our sales and marketing spending on PhotoStamps in future periods to maintain or improve profitability in that business.  As a result of this decision, PhotoStamps revenue decreased 5% to $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $1.4 million in the first quarter of 2011. Total PhotoStamps sheets shipped during the first quarter of 2012 was approximately 76,000, a 3% decrease compared to 78,000 in the first quarter of 2011. Average revenue per sheet shipped in the first quarter of 2012 was $17.3 compared to $17.7 in the first quarter of 2011. The decrease in sheets shipped was consistent with the decrease in PhotoStamps revenue.
 
Other revenue consists of commissions from the advertising or sale of products by third party vendors to our customer base.  Commission revenue is currently not material to our consolidated financial statements.
 
Cost of Revenues
 
The following table shows cost of revenues and cost of revenues as a percentage of its associated revenue for the periods indicated:
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Cost of Revenues
           
Service
  $ 4,239     $ 3,580  
Product
    1,460       1,292  
Insurance
    535       262  
PhotoStamps
    1,029       1,090  
Total cost of revenues
  $ 7,263     $ 6,224  
Cost as percentage of associated revenues
               
Service cost
    20 %     21 %
Product cost
    37 %     38 %
Insurance cost
    32 %     31 %
PhotoStamps cost
    78 %     79 %
Total cost as a percentage of total revenues
    26 %     27 %
 
 
Cost of service revenue principally consists of the cost of customer service, certain promotional expenses, system operating costs, credit card processing fees and customer misprints that do not qualify for reimbursement from the USPS.  Cost of product revenue principally consists of the cost of products sold through our Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store and the related costs of shipping and handling.  The cost of insurance revenue principally consists of parcel insurance offering costs.  Cost of PhotoStamps revenue principally consists of the face value of postage, image review costs and printing and fulfillment costs.
 
Cost of service revenue increased 18% to $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $3.6 million in the first quarter of 2011. The increase is primarily attributable to higher promotional expense as a result of the increase in customer acquisition and higher customer service costs to support our growing customer base.  Promotional expense, which represents a material portion of total cost of service revenue, is expensed in the period in which a customer qualifies for the promotion, while the revenue associated with the acquired customer is earned over the customer's lifetime. As a result, promotional expense for newly acquired customers may exceed the revenue earned from those customers in that period. Promotional expense was approximately $1.1 million and $842,000 in the first quarter of 2012 and 2011, respectively.
 
Cost of product revenue increased 13% to $1.5 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $1.3 million in the first quarter of 2011. The percentage increase in the cost of product revenue was lower compared to the percentage increase in product revenue during the first quarter of 2012 due to lower fulfillment costs as a percent of product revenue.
 
Cost of insurance revenue increased 104% to $535,000 in the first quarter of 2012 from $262,000 in the first quarter of 2011. The percentage increase in cost of insurance revenue was higher compared to the percentage increase in insurance revenue primarily due to the introduction of discounted insurance rates for higher volume shippers.
 
Cost of PhotoStamps revenue decreased 6% to $1.0 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $1.1 million in the first quarter of 2011, which is consistent with the decrease in PhotoStamps revenue.
 
Operating Expenses
 
The following table is our operating expense and operating expense as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:
 
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2012
   
2011
 
Operating expenses:
           
Sales and marketing
  $ 10,107     $ 8,276  
Research and development
    2,657       2,273  
General and administrative
    3,845       3,460  
Total operating expenses
  $ 16,609     $ 14,009  
Operating expenses as a percent of total revenue:
               
Sales and marketing
    36 %     36 %
Research and development
    9 %     10 %
General and administrative
    14 %     15 %
Total operating expenses
    59 %     61 %
 
Sales and Marketing
 
Sales and marketing expense principally consists of spending to acquire new customers and compensation and related expenses for personnel engaged in sales, marketing, and business development activities. Sales and marketing expense increased 22% to $10.1 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $8.3 million in the first quarter of 2011.  This increase is primarily due to increased marketing expenditures to acquire customers in our core PC Postage business.  Ongoing marketing programs include the following: traditional advertising, partnerships, customer referral programs, customer re-marketing efforts, telemarketing, direct mail, and online advertising.
 
 
Research and Development
 
Research and development expense principally consists of compensation for personnel involved in the development of our services, depreciation of equipment and software and expenditures for consulting services and third party software. Research and development expense increased 17% to $2.7 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2011.  The increase is primarily due to an increase in stock-based compensation expense and other headcount-related expenses as we continued to invest in the development and enhancement of our PC Postage solution.
 
General and Administrative
 
General and administrative expense principally consists of compensation and related costs for executive and administrative personnel, fees for legal and other professional services, depreciation of equipment and software used for general corporate purposes and amortization of intangible assets. General and administrative expense increased 11% to $3.8 million in the first quarter of 2012 from $3.5 million in the first quarter of 2011. The increase is primarily due to the increase in stock-based compensation expense and legal expenses related to our Endicia litigation that were incurred during the first quarter of 2012 prior to the settlement of that litigation.
 
Interest and Other Income, Net
 
Interest and other income, net primarily consists of interest income from cash equivalents, short-term and long-term investments and rental income from our corporate headquarters in El Segundo, California. Interest and other income, net decreased 21% to approximately $124,000 in the first quarter of 2012 from approximately $156,000 in the first quarter of 2011.  The decrease in interest and other income is primarily due to lower yields on our investment balances including certain investments in our portfolio that matured and were replaced with lower yield investments.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
In the first quarter of 2012, we incurred a net income tax benefit of $11.8 million compared with income tax expense of $65,000 in the first quarter of 2011.  During the first quarter of 2012, our net income tax benefit consisted of a reduction of a portion of our valuation allowance on our deferred tax asset (as described below) and federal and state alternative minimum taxes. Our effective income tax rate differs from the statutory income tax rate primarily as a result of the reduction of a portion of our valuation allowance.
 
We evaluated the appropriateness of our deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740 based on all available positive and negative evidence. On March 6, 2012, we entered into a binding agreement with PSI Systems, Inc. (“PSI”) to resolve all outstanding patent litigation among the parties (see Note 2 – Legal Proceedings for further description).  Because of the PSI litigation settlement during the first quarter of 2012, we eliminated what had previously been negative evidence.  The litigation settlement now becomes positive evidence because (1) it eliminated the hard-to-predict fluctuations in litigation expenditures, which we expected to be material in future forecasts, (2) it eliminated the potential for a material negative financial judgment against us and (3) it eliminated the possibility of an injunction against us.  We believe the other positive and negative evidence we evaluated is consistent (e.g., no material change has occurred) relative to our evaluation of this evidence in prior periods.  Based on this discrete event, we extended our forecast of projected taxable income from two years to three years for the portion of our deferred tax asset for which it is more likely than not that  a tax benefit will be realized under ASC 740 as of March 31, 2012.  As a result, we released a potion of our valuation allowance totaling $11.9 million during the first quarter of 2012. As of March 31, 2012, we currently have approximately $28.0 million of net deferred tax assets and we continued to maintain a valuation allowance for the remainder of our gross deferred tax assets.
 
We recorded income tax expense for corporate alternative minimum U.S. federal and state taxes of approximately $100,000 during the first quarter of 2012, and we recorded current tax provision for corporate alternative minimum federal taxes of approximately $65,000 during the first quarter of 2011.
 
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 we had approximately $67 million and $69 million, respectively, in cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term and long-term investments. We invest available funds in short-term and long-term securities, including money market funds, corporate bonds, asset backed securities, and US government and agency bonds, and do not engage in hedging or speculative activities.
 
There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations and commercial commitments included in Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
On January 23, 2012, we completed the previously announced purchase of two adjacent buildings in El Segundo, California that will serve as our future headquarters for an aggregate purchase price of $13.4 million. We are currently engaged in a renovation and construction project on the property at a cost of approximately $10.0 million and expect to move in after substantial completion of the project later this year. We will occupy a portion of the space, with the remaining portion of the space leased to the existing tenants. The purchase of the property and renovations are being funded out of our existing cash and investments.
 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $11.1 million and $2.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was primarily attributable to the growth in our revenue and changes in our operating assets and liabilities.
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $19.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and net cash provided in investing activities was $1.1 million during the three months ended March 31, 2011. The increase in net cash used in investing activities was primarily due to the purchase of our new corporate headquarters and purchase of long-term investments.
 
Net cash provided by financing activities was $2.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2012 and net cash used in financing activities was $1.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2011.  The increase in net cash provided by financing activities is mainly due to proceeds from the exercise of options under our stock option plan and the decrease in our stock repurchase program.
 
We believe our available cash and marketable securities, together with the cash flow from operations, will be sufficient to fund our business for at least the next twelve months.
 
Updated Expectations for 2012
 
We currently expect the following trends for 2012 compared with 2011:
 
·
We expect to see 15% to 20% growth in PC Postage revenue excluding the enhanced promotion channel for 2012 compared to 2011.
 
·
We expect that PC Postage revenue for customers acquired through the enhanced promotion channel will continue to decrease in 2012 compared to 2011.
 
·
We expect PhotoStamps revenue to decrease in 2012 compared with 2011, as we expect a reduction in PhotoStamps breakage revenue in 2012 as compared with 2011. We believe macro-economic factors are still negatively impacting our PhotoStamps revenue through reduced customer purchases of our product. 
 
·
We expect to continue to increase customer acquisition spending on our PC Postage non-enhanced promotion channels by 10% - 20% in 2012 compared to 2011.  We will continue to monitor our customer metrics and the state of the economy throughout the year and adjust our level of spending accordingly.
 
·
We expect research and development expenses to be modestly higher in 2012 as compared to 2011, primarily related to expected increased headcount costs to support the growth in our products and services.
 
·
We expect General and Administrative expenses to be flat to down 5% in 2012 compared to 2011.
 
·
We expect interest income and other income, net to decrease primarily due to expected continued low interest rates.
 
Our results are subject to macro economic factors and other factors which could cause these trends to be better or worse than our current expectations.  See Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and the discussion of forward-looking statements on page 1 of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
 
Critical Accounting Policies
 
Management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our unaudited financial statements. The preparation of these financial statements is based on the selection of accounting policies and the application of significant accounting estimates, some of which require management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes. For more information regarding our critical accounting estimates and policies, see Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies” of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
SPECIAL NOTICE REGARDING PURCHASES OF MORE THAN 5% OF OUR STOCK
 
We currently have federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carry-forwards of approximately $230 million and $125 million, respectively.  Under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules, if a “change of ownership” is triggered, our NOL asset may be impaired. A change in ownership can occur whenever there is a shift in ownership by more than 50 percentage points by one or more “5% shareholders” within a three-year period. We estimate that as of March 31, 2012 we were at approximately a 17% level compared with the 50% level that would trigger impairment of our NOL asset.
 
Under our certificate of incorporation, any person, company or investment firm that wishes to become a “5% shareholder” (as defined in our certificate of incorporation) must first obtain a waiver from our board of directors. In addition, any person, company or investment firm that is already a “5% shareholder” of ours cannot make any additional purchases of our stock without a waiver from our board of directors.  The NOL protective provisions contained in our certificate of incorporation (the “NOL Protective Measures”) are more specifically described in our Definitive Proxy filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 2, 2008.
 
On July 22, 2010, our board of directors suspended the NOL Protective Measures by approving a waiver from the NOL Protective Measures to all persons and entities, including companies and investment firms.  As a result, our stockholders are now allowed to become “5% shareholders” and existing “5% shareholders” are allowed to make additional purchases of our stock each without having to comply with the restrictions contained in the NOL Protective Measures. This waiver may be revoked by our board of directors at any time if the board deems the revocation necessary to protect against a Section 382 “change of ownership” that would limit our ability to utilize future NOLs.  For complete details about this waiver from the NOL Protective Measures, please see our Form 8-K filed on July 28, 2010.
 
As of April 30, 2012, we had approximately 16,463,131 million shares outstanding, and therefore ownership of approximately 820,000 shares or more would currently constitute a “5% shareholder”. We strongly urge that any stockholder contemplating becoming a 5% or more shareholder contact us before doing so.
 
 
Our exposure to market rate risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to our investment portfolio. We have not used derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio. None of the instruments in our investment portfolio are held for trading purposes. At March 31, 2012, our cash, cash equivalents and investments consist of money market, U.S. government obligations, asset-backed securities and public corporate debt securities with weighted average maturity of 311 days. At March 31, 2012 our cash, cash equivalents and investments approximated $67 million and had a related weighted average interest rate of approximately 0.7 %. Interest rate fluctuations impact the carrying value of the portfolio. The fair value of our portfolio of marketable securities would not be significantly affected by either a 10% increase or decrease in the rates of interest due primarily to the short duration nature of the portfolio. We do not believe that the future market risks related to the above securities will have a material adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.
 
As we do not have any operations outside of the United States, we are not exposed to foreign currency risks.
 
 
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Our management evaluated, with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded, as of that time, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
 
Changes in Internal Controls
 
During the quarter ended March 31, 2012, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
ITEM 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
See Note 2 – “Legal Proceedings” of our Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
ITEM 1A.
RISK FACTORS
 
We are not aware of any material changes to the risk factors included in Item 1A “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
 
ITEM 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during the first quarter of 2012.
 
On February 2, 2012, the board of directors approved a new share repurchase plan effective upon the expiration of the current plan on February 17, 2012, authorizing the Company to repurchase up to 1.0 million shares of our stock during the following six months.
 
We will consider repurchasing stock in the future by evaluating such factors as the price of the stock, the daily trading volume and the availability of large blocks of stock and any additional constraints related to material inside information we may possess. Our repurchase of any of our shares will be subject to limitations that may be imposed on such repurchases by applicable securities laws and regulations and the rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market. Repurchases may be made in the open market, or in privately negotiated transactions from time to time at our discretion. We have no commitment to make any repurchases.
 
ITEM 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
 
None.
 
ITEM 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
ITEM 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
None.
 
ITEM 6.
EXHIBITS
 
AIA Standard Form of Agreement between Owner and Contractor.
 
Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
STAMPS.COM INC.
 
 
(Registrant)
 
     
       
May 9, 2012
By:
/s/Ken McBride  
    Ken McBride  
   
Chief Executive Officer
 
       
 
May 9, 2012
By:
/s/Kyle Huebner  
    Kyle Huebner  
   
Chief Financial Officer
 
       
 
 
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