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EX-32 - CIGF5 EXHIBIT 32 12-31-11 - COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND Vex32.htm
EX-31.1 - CIGF5 EXHIBIT 31.1 12-31-11 - COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND Vex31_1.htm
EX-31.2 - CIGF5 EXHIBIT 31.2 12-31-11 - COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND Vex31_2.htm
EXCEL - IDEA: XBRL DOCUMENT - COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND VFinancial_Report.xls

 
 



 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
FORM 10-K

T ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 (FEE REQUIRED) FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2011 or

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number:                                                      333-108057

COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND V
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Pennsylvania
 
65-1189593
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

Brandywine Bldg. One, Suite 200
2 Christy Drive, Chadds Ford PA 19317
(Address, including zip code, of principal executive offices)

(484) 785-1480
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
Name of exchange on
 
which registered
   
None
N/A

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 (Title of Class)
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, (as defined in Rule 405 of the Act):  YES ¨     NO T
 
Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section-13 or Section-15(d) of the Act. YES ¨     NO T
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (i) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (ii) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: YES T     NO ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).      YES  T      NO  ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K:   YES T     NO ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "accelerated filer, “large accelerated filer" and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company T
Do not check if a smaller reporting company.
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act): YES o     NO T
 
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter:  N/A
 
Documents incorporated by reference:  None
 
 



1
 
 
 

 
 
 
FORM 10-K
DECEMBER 31, 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
Item 1.
Business
3  
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
7  
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
7  
Item 2.
Properties
7  
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
7  
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
8  
       
PART II
Item 5.
Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
8  
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
9  
Item 7.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
9  
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
11  
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
11  
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
11  
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
11  
Item 9B.
Other Information
11  
       
PART III
Item 10.
Directors and Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
12  
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
13  
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
13  
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
14  
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
16  
       
PART IV
Item 15.
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
16  
 
Index to Exhibits
   


2
 
 
 

 
 
Forward-Looking Statements

From time to time, we and our representatives may provide information, whether orally or in writing, including certain statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, which are deemed to be “forward-looking.” These forward-looking statements reflect our current beliefs and expectations with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties and other factors outside our control that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected.
 
The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “will,” “should” and similar expressions, as they relate to us, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may vary materially from those described herein as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected or intended or using other similar expressions. We do not intend to update these forward-looking statements, except as required by law.
 
We are making investors aware that such forward-looking statements, because they relate to future events, are by their very nature subject to many important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, any exhibits to this Form 10-K and other public statements we make. Such factors include, but are not limited to: the outcome of litigation and regulatory proceedings to which we may be a party; actions of competitors; changes and developments affecting our industry; quarterly or cyclical variations in financial results; development of new products and services; interest rates and cost of borrowing; our ability to maintain and improve cost efficiency of operations; changes in foreign currency exchange rates; changes in economic conditions, political conditions, trade protection measures, licensing requirements and tax matters in the foreign countries in which we do business; reliance on third parties for manufacturing of products and provision of services; and other factors that are set forth in the “Legal Proceedings” section, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of  Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K.
 
PART I

ITEM 1:                      BUSINESS

GENERAL

Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund V (the “Partnership” or “CIGF5”) was formed on May 19, 2003 under the Pennsylvania Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act.  The Partnership offered for sale up to 1,250,000 units of the limited partnership at the purchase price of $20 per unit (the “Offering”).  The Partnership raised the minimum capital required ($1,150,000) and commenced operations on March 14, 2005.  The Partnership terminated its offering of units on February 24, 2006 with 1,249,951 units ($24,957,862) sold.

During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 limited partners redeemed 832 and 4,806 units, respectively, of the partnership for a total redemption price of approximately $5,000 and $41,000, respectively, in accordance with the terms of the limited partnership agreement.
 
See “The Glossary” below for the definition of selected terms not otherwise defined in the text of this report.
  
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES

The Partnership was formed for the purpose of acquiring various types of equipment, including computer Information Technology and other similar capital equipment.  The Partnership utilized the net proceeds of the offering to purchase information technology and other similar capital equipment.  The Partnership has utilized retained proceeds and debt financing (not in excess of 30% of the aggregate cost of the equipment owned or subject to conditional sales contracts by the Partnership at the time the debt is incurred) to purchase additional equipment.  The Partnership acquires and leases equipment principally to U.S. corporations and other institutions pursuant to operating leases.  The Partnership retains the flexibility to enter into full payout net leases and conditional sales contracts, but has not done so.

The Partnership’s principal investment objectives are to:

(a)  acquire, lease and sell equipment to generate revenues from operations sufficient to provide annual cash distributions to Limited Partners;

(b)  preserve and protect Limited Partners’ capital;

(c)  use a portion of cash flow and net disposition proceeds derived from the sale, refinancing or other disposition of equipment to purchase additional equipment; and

(d) refinance, sell or otherwise dispose of equipment in a manner that will maximize the proceeds to the Partnership.

THERE CAN BE NO ASSURANCE THAT ANY OF THESE OBJECTIVES WILL BE ATTAINED

Limited Partners do not have the right to vote on or otherwise approve or disapprove any particular investment to be made by the Partnership.

Although the Partnership generally acquires new equipment, the Partnership may purchase used equipment.   Generally, equipment is acquired from manufacturers, distributors, leasing companies, agents, owner-users, owner-lessors, and other suppliers upon terms that vary depending upon the equipment and supplier involved.   Manufacturers and distributors usually furnish a limited warranty against defects in material and workmanship and some purchase agreements for equipment provide for service and replacement of parts during a limited period.   Equipment purchases are also made through lease brokers and on an ad hoc basis to meet the needs of a particular lessee.

As of December 31, 2011, all equipment purchased by the Partnership is subject to an operating lease.  The Partnership may also engage in sale/leaseback transactions, pursuant to which the Partnership would purchase equipment from companies that would then immediately lease the equipment from the Partnership.   The Partnership may also purchase equipment which is leased under full payout net leases or sold under conditional sales contracts at the time of acquisition or the Partnership may enter into a full payout net lease or conditional sales contract with a third party when the Partnership acquires an item of equipment.

The Partnership may enter into arrangements with one or more manufacturers pursuant to which the Partnership purchases equipment that has previously been leased directly by the manufacturer to third parties (“vendor leasing agreements”).   The Partnership and manufacturers may agree to obtain nonrecourse loans to the Partnership from the manufacturers, to finance the acquisition of equipment.  Such loans would be secured only by the specific equipment financed and the receivables due to the manufacturers from users of such equipment.  It is expected that the manufacturers of equipment will provide maintenance, remarketing and other services for the equipment subject to such agreements.  As of December 31, 2011, the Partnership has not entered into such agreement.

The General Partner has the discretion, consistent with its fiduciary duty, to change the investment objectives of the Partnership if it determines that such a change is in the best interest of the Limited Partners and so long as such a change is consistent with the Partnership Agreement.   The General Partner will notify the Limited Partners if it makes such a determination to change the Partnership’s investment objectives.
 
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TYPES OF EQUIPMENT

The Partnership invests in various types of equipment subject to leases.  Our investment objective is to acquire primarily high technology equipment including, but not limited to: servers, desktops, laptops, workstations, printers, copiers, and storage devices.  Our General Partner believes that dealing in high technology equipment is particularly advantageous due to a robust aftermarket.   Information technology has developed rapidly in recent years and is expected to continue to do so.  Technological advances have permitted reductions in the cost of computer processing capacity, speed, and utility.  In the future, the rate and nature of equipment development may cause equipment to become obsolete more rapidly.

We also acquire high technology medical, telecommunications, and inventory management equipment. Our General Partner will seek to maintain an appropriate balance and diversity in the types of equipment acquired.  The medical equipment we acquire may consist of ventilators, IV infusion pumps, long-term acute care beds, CT scanners, MRIs, flow cytometers, and other medical technology devices.  The telecom equipment we acquire may include Cisco switches, routers, blade switches, wireless access points, and video conferencing systems. The market for high technology medical equipment is growing each year.  Generally, this type of equipment will have a longer useful life than information technology equipment.  This allows for increased re-marketability, if it is returned before its economic or announcement cycle is depleted.

Other Equipment-Restrictions.  The Partnership generally acquires information technology, telecommunications, medical technology and inventory management equipment. The General Partner is also authorized to cause the Partnership to invest in other types of business-essential capital equipment.  The Partnership may not invest in any of such other types of equipment (i) to the extent that the purchase price of such equipment, together with the aggregate purchase price of all such other types of equipment then owned by the Partnership, is in excess of 25% of the total cost of all of the assets of the Partnership at the time of the Partnership’s commitment to invest therein and (ii) unless the General Partner determines that such purchase is in the best economic interest of the Partnership at the time of the purchase.  There can be no assurance that any equipment investments can be found which meet this standard.  Accordingly, there can be no assurance that investments of this type will be made by the Partnership.

DIVERSIFICATION

Diversification is generally desirable to minimize the effects of changes in specific industries, local economic conditions or similar risks.  However, the extent of the Partnership’s diversification, in the aggregate and within each category of equipment, depends in part upon the financing which can be assumed by the Partnership or borrowed from third parties on satisfactory terms.  The Partnership’s policy not to borrow on a recourse basis will further limit its financing options. Diversification also depends on the availability of various types of equipment.  Through December 31, 2011, the Partnership has acquired a diversified equipment portfolio, which it has leased to 47 different companies located throughout the United States.

The equipment types comprising the portfolio at December 31, 2011 are as follows:

Equipment Type
Approximate %
Servers
40%
Workstations
10%
Laptops
12%
Datacom
4%
Multifunction Centers
9%
Storage
10%
Audio Visual
1%
WiFi
5%
Medical
9%
Total
100%

During the operational stage of the Partnership, the Partnership may not at any one point in time lease (or sell pursuant to a conditional sales contract) more than 25% of the equipment to a single person or affiliated group of persons.
 
DESCRIPTION OF LEASES

The Partnership generally purchases only equipment that is subject to a lease or for which a lease or similar agreement will be entered into contemporaneously with the consummation of the Partnership’s acquisition of the equipment.  The General Partner leases the equipment purchased by the Partnership to third parties pursuant to operating leases. Types of leases which the General Partner may enter into are operating leases, finance leases, and conditional sales contracts:
 
·
Operating leases are relatively short-term (12 to 48 month) leases under which the aggregate noncancellable rental payments during the original term of the lease are not sufficient to permit the lessor to recover the purchase price of the subject equipment.  
·
In a finance lease, the lessor generally recovers at least 90% of the present value of the equipment during the lease term.
·
A conditional sales contract generally provides that the noncancellable payments to the seller over the term of the contract are sufficient to recover the investment in such equipment and to provide a return on such investment.  Under a conditional sales contract, the seller reserves title to and retains a security interest in, the equipment until the purchase price of the equipment is paid.   
 
In general, the terms of the Partnership’s leases, whether the equipment is leased pursuant to an operating lease or a finance lease, depend upon a variety of factors, including: the desirability of each type of lease from both an investment and a tax point of view; the relative demand among lessees for operating or full payout leases; the type and use of equipment and its anticipated residual value; the business of the lessee and its credit rating; the availability and cost of financing; regulatory considerations; the accounting treatment of the lease sought by the lessee or the Partnership; and competitive factors.

An operating lease generally represents a greater risk to the Partnership than a full payout net lease, because in order to recover the purchase price of the subject equipment and earn a return on such investment, it is necessary to renew or extend the operating lease, lease the equipment to a third party at the end of the original lease term, or sell the equipment.  Also, the annual rental payments received under an operating lease are ordinarily higher than those received under a full payout net lease.

The Partnership’s policy is to generally enter into “triple net leases” (or the equivalent, in the case of a conditional sales contract) which typically provide that the lessee or some other party bear the risk of physical loss of the equipment; pay taxes relating to the lease or use of the equipment; maintain the equipment; indemnify the Partnership-lessor against any liability suffered by the Partnership as the result of any act or omission of the lessee or its agents; maintain casualty insurance in an amount equal to the greater of the full value of the equipment and a specified amount set forth in the lease; and maintain liability insurance naming the Partnership as an additional insured with a minimum coverage which the General Partner deems appropriate.  In addition, the Partnership may purchase “umbrella” insurance policies to cover excess liability and casualty losses, to the extent deemed practicable and advisable by the General Partner.  As of December 31, 2011, all leases that have been entered into are “triple net leases”.
 
Remarketing fees are paid to the leasing companies from which the Partnership purchases leases.  These are fees that are earned by the leasing companies when the initial terms of the lease have been met.  The General Partner believes that this strategy adds value since it entices the leasing company to remain actively involved with the lessee and encourages potential extensions, remarketing or sale of equipment.  This strategy is designed to minimize any conflicts the leasing company may have with a new lease and may assist in maximizing overall portfolio performance.  The remarketing fee is tied into lease performance thresholds and is a factor in the negotiation of the fee.
 
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Investment Criteria
 
When evaluating potential lease transactions in which we will invest, the general partner and the Sponsor’s management team performs a detailed credit and risk analysis of both the lessee and the lease transaction itself. The risk of doing business with the potential lessee, and the economics of each particular transaction must both be acceptable to our portfolio management team and to our CEO, who specifically approves each and every lease transaction. Some of the criteria we evaluate are described below:
 
Evaluation of Lessees
 
The management team will perform a credit analysis (including a review of the financial statements, credit history and public debt record) of all potential lessees to determine the lessee’s ability to make payments under the lease. We focus our investments in investment grade to middle market credits meeting our minimum acceptable fundamental analysis criteria. These criteria involve an overall fundamental assessment of the lessee, and application our own proprietary “rating” model that is tailored to specific economic criteria that are important to us. In addition to preparing a detailed credit-write up at the time of initiation of a transaction, we also re-evaluate a lessee’s credit risk on a monthly basis, and may review interim and annual lessee financial statements.
 
Generally, we seek lessees that have annual revenue of at least $10 million, have positive cash flow, and are not start-up entities, i.e., have been in business for at least five years. We will also apply a proprietary debt rating analysis when a Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s rating is not available. This allows us to create an equivalent, internal rating system without reliance solely on third-party models and analysis.
 
Evaluation of Transactions
 
As described above under “Description of Leases,” we prefer our lease investments to have a term of 12 to 36 months, and will not invest in a lease greater than 48 months. We engage in “Fair Market Value” lease transactions, which permit the lessee to purchase the equipment at the end of term for no less than the then fair market value of the equipment. We seek to limit or avoid leases that allow for early buyouts or terminations, as these arrangements reduce the predictability of our returns.
 
Our focus is on Tier 1 information technology, telecommunications, and medical technology equipment, leased in transactions generally ranging in size from $50,000 to $1,000,000. We will consider larger transactions, but for diversification purposes will require such transactions to be divided among multiple lease schedules, and the general partner may even assign a portion of such larger transactions to other affiliated funds to further spread the risk involved in larger transactions. Also, where the equipment type and economic analytics are advantageous, we may engage in lease transactions involving other types of equipment, so long as we feel it is business-essential equipment for the lessee. Also, we conduct a detailed analysis, using a third-party consultant, to assess the residual value of the proposed equipment at the end of the original lease term. This includes an analysis of the equipment’s useful life and depreciation schedule, as well as the expected resale market of that equipment type and availability of remarketing channels.
 
Finally, in assessing whether a proposed lease transaction will fit into our portfolio criteria, management will consider the amount of exposure we and our affiliated funds have to (i) the proposed asset type, (ii) the particular lessee, (iii) the lessee’s industry, and (iv) the geographic location of the equipment to be leased.


BORROWING POLICIES

The General Partner, at its discretion, may cause the Partnership to incur debt in the maximum aggregate amount of 30% of the aggregate cost of the equipment owned, or subject to conditional sales contracts, by the Partnership at the time the debt is incurred, with monies received that are not considered “original proceeds” of the Partnership’s public offering.  The Partnership incurs only non-recourse debt, which is secured by equipment and lease income therefrom.  Such leveraging permits the Partnership to increase the aggregate amount of its depreciable assets, and, as a result, potentially increases both its lease revenues and its federal income tax deductions above those levels that would be achieved without leveraging.  There is no limit on the amount of debt that may be incurred in connection with the acquisition of any single item of equipment.  Any debt incurred is fully amortized over the term of the initial lease or conditional sales contract to which the equipment securing the debt is subject.  The precise amount borrowed by the Partnership depends on a number of factors, including the types of equipment acquired by the Partnership; the creditworthiness of the lessee; the availability of suitable financing; and prevailing interest rates.  The Partnership is flexible in the degree of leverage it employs, within the permissible limit.  There can be no assurance that credit will be available to the Partnership in the amount or at the time desired or on terms considered reasonable by the General Partner.  As of December 31, 2011, the aggregate nonrecourse debt outstanding of approximately $358,000 was approximately 3.1% of the aggregate cost of the equipment owned.

The Partnership may purchase some items of equipment without leverage.  If the Partnership purchases an item of equipment without leverage and thereafter suitable financing becomes available, it may then obtain the financing, secure the financing with the purchased equipment to the extent practicable and invest any proceeds from such financing in additional items of equipment.  Any such later financing will be on terms consistent with the terms applicable to borrowings generally.  In 2010, the Partnership obtained suitable financing as described above, in the aggregate amount of approximately $149,000, of which approximately $62,000 was outstanding as of December 31, 2011 and is included in the aggregate nonrecourse outstanding debt of approximately $358,000 at December 31, 2011.

The General Partner may cause the Partnership to borrow funds, to the fullest extent practicable, at interest rates fixed at the time of borrowing.  However, the Partnership may borrow funds at rates that vary with the “prime” or “base” rate.  If lease revenues were fixed, a rise in the “prime” or “base” rate would increase borrowing costs and reduce the amount of the Partnership’s income and cash available for distribution.  Therefore, the General Partner is permitted to borrow funds to purchase equipment at fluctuating rates only if the lease for such equipment provides for fluctuating rental payments calculated on a similar basis.

Any additional debt incurred by the Partnership must be nonrecourse.  Nonrecourse debt means that the lender providing the funds can look for security only to the equipment pledged as security and the proceeds derived from leasing or selling such equipment.  Neither the Partnership nor any Partner (including the General Partner) would be liable for repayment of any nonrecourse debt.
 
Loan agreements may also require that the Partnership maintain certain reserves or compensating balances and may impose other obligations upon the Partnership.  Moreover, since a significant portion of the Partnership’s revenues from the leasing of equipment will be reserved for repayment of debt, the use of financing reduces the cash, which might otherwise be available for distributions until the debt has been repaid and may reduce the Partnership’s cash flow over a substantial portion of the Partnership’s operating life.  As of December 31, 2011, the Partnership had not entered into any such agreements.

The General Partner and any of its affiliates may, but are not required to, make loans to the Partnership on a short-term basis.  If the General Partner or any of its affiliates makes such a short-term loan to the Partnership, the General Partner or affiliate may not charge interest at a rate greater than the interest rate charged by unrelated lenders on comparable loans for the same purpose in the same locality.  In no event is the Partnership required to pay interest on any such loan at an annual rate greater than three percent over the “prime rate” from time to time announced by PNC Bank, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  All payments of principal and interest on any financing provided by the General Partner or any of its affiliates are due and payable by the Partnership within 12 months after the date of the loan.

REFINANCING POLICIES

Subject to the limitations set forth in “Borrowing Policies” above, the Partnership may refinance its debt from time to time.  With respect to a particular item of equipment, the General Partner will take into consideration such factors as the amount of appreciation in value, if any, to be realized, the possible risks of continued ownership, and the anticipated advantages to be obtained for the Partnership, as compared to selling such equipment.  As of December 31, 2011, the Partnership has not entered into any debt refinancing transactions.

Refinancing, if achievable, may permit the Partnership to retain an item of equipment and at the same time to generate additional funds for reinvestment in additional equipment or for distribution to the Limited Partners.
 
LIQUIDATION POLICIES

The General Partner intends to cause the Partnership to begin disposing of its equipment approximately 10 years after commencement of operations or in January 2015.  Notwithstanding the Partnership’s objective to sell all of its assets and dissolve by February 4, 2017, the General Partner may cause the Partnership to dispose of all its equipment and dissolve the Partnership sooner, if warranted by economic conditions.
 
Particular items of equipment may be sold at any time if, in the judgment of the General Partner, it is in the best interest of the Partnership to do so.  The determination of whether particular items of Partnership equipment should be sold or otherwise disposed of is made by the General Partner after consideration of all relevant factors (including prevailing general economic conditions, lessee demand, the General Partner’s views of current and future market conditions, the cash requirements of the Partnership, potential capital appreciation, cash flow and federal income tax considerations), with a view toward achieving the principal investment objectives of the Partnership.  As partial payment for equipment sold, the Partnership may receive purchase money obligations secured by liens on such equipment.
 
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MANAGEMENT OF EQUIPMENT

Equipment management services for the Partnership’s equipment are provided by the General Partner and its affiliates and by persons employed by the General Partner.  Such services will consist of collection of income from the equipment, negotiation and review of leases, conditional sales contracts and sales agreements, releasing and leasing-related services, payment of operating expenses, periodic physical inspections and market surveys, servicing indebtedness secured by equipment, general supervision of lessees to assure that they are properly utilizing and operating equipment, providing related services with respect to equipment, supervising, monitoring and reviewing services performed by others in respect to equipment and preparing monthly equipment operating statements and related reports.
 
COMPETITION

The equipment leasing industry is highly competitive.  The Partnership competes with leasing companies, equipment manufacturers and their affiliated financing companies, distributors and entities similar to the Partnership (including other programs sponsored by the General Partner), some of which have greater financial resources than the Partnership and more experience in the equipment leasing business than the General Partner.  Other leasing companies and equipment manufacturers, their affiliated financing companies and distributors may be in a position to offer equipment to prospective lessees on financial terms, which are more favorable, than those which the Partnership can offer.  They may also be in a position to offer trade-in privileges, software, maintenance contracts and other services, than those which the Partnership can offer.  Equipment manufacturers and distributors may offer to sell equipment on terms (such as liberal financing terms and exchange privileges or service contracts), which will afford benefits to the purchaser similar to those obtained through leases.  As a result of the advantages, which certain of its competitors may have, the Partnership may find it necessary to lease its equipment on a less favorable basis than certain of its competitors.
 
INVESTMENTS

Through February 7, 2012, the Partnership has purchased, or has made the commitment to purchase, the following equipment:
 
Lessee
Equipment Category
 Prorated Purchase Price
Purchased Term In Months
Agility Logistics Corp
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,736.60
9
Agility Logistics Corp
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       2,468.15
12
Agility Logistics Corp
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       5,723.72
14
AK Steel Holding Corp.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       9,506.01
10
Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc.
Digital Storage
 $   165,240.00
36
Allegheny Energy
Small IBM Servers
 $     26,491.44
36
Alliant Techsystems
Tape Drives
 $     70,582.79
36
Alliant Techsystems
Laptops
 $     53,167.66
21
Alliant Techsystems
Desktops - Tier 1
 $     17,726.72
36
Alliant Techsystems
Konica Multifunction Centers
 $     16,241.61
36
Alliant Techsystems
Blade Servers
 $     10,035.32
36
Alliant Techsystems
Blade Servers
 $   250,436.36
36
Allstate Insurance Company
High End Sun Servers
 $   111,802.50
24
America Online
Small Sun Servers
 $     89,983.18
36
America Online
Small Sun Servers
 $     44,991.59
36
America Online
Small Sun Servers
 $     36,649.42
36
America Online
Small Sun Servers
 $     71,977.32
36
American Water Works Service Company, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       7,848.22
12
American Water Works Service Company, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     34,195.39
14
American Water Works Service Company, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     32,321.05
16
Bank of America
Midrange Sun Servers
 $     61,543.18
42
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     23,475.17
33
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     60,232.65
22
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,294.71
22
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       1,708.28
28
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,517.70
31
Bank of the West
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       1,166.94
33
BMO Nesbitt Burns Trading Corp. S.A.
Midrange Sun Servers
 $   158,397.87
33
Bon Secours - Memorial Regional Medical Center
Infusion Therapy
 $   346,659.90
44
Brinks Company Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,232.56
25
Cargill, Inc
Industrial Precision
 $     31,656.00
36
Cargill, Inc
Canon Multifunction Centers
 $     44,346.00
36
Cargill, Inc
Canon Multifunction Centers
 $   145,513.43
36
Century Business Services
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     14,715.26
29
Charleston Area Medical Center
Canon Multifunction Centers
 $     11,752.94
35
Charleston Area Medical Center
Canon Multifunction Centers
 $     16,800.00
35
Charleston Area Medical Center
Konica Multifunction Centers
 $     12,176.47
35
Charleston Area Medical Center
Konica Multifunction Centers
 $     12,645.41
37
Charleston Area Medical Center
Konica Multifunction Centers
 $     13,499.83
37
Cigna
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,295.93
12
Cigna
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       6,848.52
13
Cigna
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,173.95
14
Cigna
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,534.15
15
Cigna
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       5,448.62
16
Convergys
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $     28,084.34
34
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       7,954.62
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       6,249.98
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     11,049.93
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     27,716.06
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       4,911.79
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     50,088.17
36
Cummins Inc.
Blade Servers
 $     76,907.67
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       6,134.84
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     51,460.09
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     27,003.24
36
Cummins Inc.
High End Sun Servers
 $   137,254.84
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     98,812.21
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       6,292.48
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     14,694.65
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $     35,597.81
36
Cummins Inc.
Small IBM Servers
 $       3,067.42
36
Daimler Chrysler
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   558,190.70
36
Daimler Chrysler
Engineering Workstations
 $   107,151.00
36
Daimler Chrysler
Engineering Workstations
 $   233,784.00
36
Daimler Chrysler
Engineering Workstations
 $     98,937.96
36
Daimler Chrysler
Engineering Workstations
 $   340,935.00
36
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,401.43
13
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,057.86
14
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       5,447.84
16
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       6,613.90
17
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       6,969.44
20
Fedex Ground Package System, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     12,645.49
21
FirstGroup America
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       2,386.56
13
FirstGroup America
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       2,447.34
14
FirstGroup America
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       5,023.02
16
FirstGroup America
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       2,117.95
17
FirstGroup America
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,037.41
27
GE Aviation
Datacom - Other
 $   194,728.20
36
GE Aviation
Ruggedized Laptops
 $       8,726.41
36
Geico
Ruggedized Laptops
 $     14,710.01
27
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   620,001.99
36
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $     29,983.82
33
Geico
Small IBM Servers
 $   179,389.31
33
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   659,174.15
36
Geico
Small IBM Servers
 $   277,487.23
36
Geico
Small IBM Servers
 $   429,485.28
36
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $1,115,869.22
36
Geico
Digital Storage
 $   302,286.42
36
Geico
Small IBM Servers
 $   405,562.53
36
Geico
Ruggedized Laptops
 $1,595,017.35
33
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   405,199.85
36
Geico
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   297,811.76
36
Geico
Ruggedized Laptops
 $   166,936.77
36
General Dynamics Corp
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $   154,410.72
30
Goodyear Tire and Rubber
Desktops - Tier 1
 $   173,713.55
30
Goodyear Tire and Rubber
Desktops - Tier 1
 $     43,642.57
30
Henry Schein, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,227.85
16
Henry Schein, Inc.
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       8,433.65
17
Kaiser Foundation
Digital Storage
 $   285,461.28
36
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       5,968.90
6
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       7,014.86
10
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     12,394.76
13
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     18,227.95
16
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       8,530.84
21
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     41,444.10
29
Liberty Mutual Insurance
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     19,482.54
30
Marquardt School District
Apple Desktops/Laptops
 $     31,162.51
36
Marriott International
Digital Storage
 $   432,000.00
35
Mitsubishi Motors North America
Cisco Datacom
 $   179,241.94
36
Mitsubishi Motors North America
Tape Libraries
 $     40,749.00
36
Mitsubishi Motors North America
Small IBM Servers
 $     11,959.50
36
Mitsubishi Motors North America
Datacom - Other
 $     47,554.64
36
MobilePro Corp.
WiFi
 $   510,000.00
36
MobilePro Corp.
WiFi
 $   427,257.60
36
Motorola
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     36,994.49
36
Motorola
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     10,830.78
36
Motorola
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     10,345.76
36
NBC Universal
Graphic Workstations
 $     26,897.88
33
NBC Universal
Graphic Workstations
 $   246,579.08
36
NBC Universal
Graphic Workstations
 $   228,483.32
36
NBC Universal
Digital Storage
 $   341,912.16
36
NBC Universal
Audio Visual
 $     70,042.58
36
NBC Universal
Digital Storage
 $     67,290.42
24
Norfolk Southern Railway Co
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     50,939.09
34
Norfolk Southern Railway Co
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $     14,014.52
36
Northrop Grumman
Datacom - Other
 $   331,241.04
36
Northrop Grumman
Small HP/Compaq Servers
 $   188,157.36
35
Perspectives Charter Schools
Laptops
 $   264,567.58
36
Quick Loan Funding
Desktops - Tier 1
 $   154,823.75
35
Raytheon Company
Small Sun Servers
 $     78,560.79
33
Raytheon Company
Desktops - Tier 1
 $     28,852.97
33
Raytheon Company
Desktops - Tier 1
 $     27,952.80
36
Servicemaster
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,805.74
8
Servicemaster
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,641.81
9
Servicemaster
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       3,361.78
10
Servicemaster
Oce Multifunction Centers
 $       4,686.49
11
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $   159,511.15
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $   220,542.01
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $       5,228.62
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     10,457.25
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     72,411.15
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $     11,884.39
36
SuperValu, Inc.
Ricoh Multifunction Centers
 $       7,760.59
36
UGO Networks
Small Sun Servers
 $     34,426.55
31
Verso Paper Holding,  LLC
Inventory Control Systems
 $     52,451.46
36
Xerox - Lessee
Small Sun Servers
 $   114,458.60
32

6
 
 
 

 
 
RESERVES

Because the Partnership’s leases are on a “triple-net” basis, no permanent reserve for maintenance and repairs has been established from the offering proceeds.  However, the General Partner, in its sole discretion, may retain a portion of the cash flow and net disposition proceeds available to the Partnership for maintenance, repairs and working capital.  There are no limitations on the amount of cash flow and net disposition proceeds that may be retained as reserves.   Since no reserve will be established, if available cash flow of the Partnership is insufficient to cover the Partnership’s operating expenses and liabilities, it may be necessary for the Partnership to obtain additional funds by refinancing its equipment or borrowing.  The Partnership’s operating expenses (including legal fees) decreased approximately $79,000 during 2011 and cash flows were sufficient to cover all expenses and liabilities.

GENERAL RESTRICTIONS

Under the Partnership Agreement, the Partnership is not permitted, among other things, to:
    
 
(a)           
invest in junior trust deeds unless received in connection with the sale of an item of equipment in an aggregate amount that does not exceed 30% of the assets of the Partnership on the date of the investment;
 
 
(b)           
invest in or underwrite the securities of other issuers;

 
(c)           
acquire any equipment for units;

 
(d)
issue senior securities (except that the issuance to lenders of notes or other evidences of indebtedness in connection with the financing or refinancing of equipment or the Partnership’s business shall not be deemed to be the issuance of senior securities);
 
 
(e)
make loans to any person, including the General Partner or any of its affiliates, except to the extent a conditional sales contract constitutes a loan;
 
 
(f)
sell or lease any equipment to, lease any equipment from, or enter into any sale- leaseback transactions with, the General Partner or any of its affiliates; or
 
 
(g)
give the General Partner or any of its affiliates an exclusive right or employment to sell the Partnership’s equipment.
 
The General Partner has also agreed in the Partnership Agreement to use its best efforts to assure that the Partnership shall not be deemed an “investment company” as such term is detained in the Investment Company Act of 1940.
 
The General Partner and its affiliates may engage in other activities, whether or not competitive with the Partnership.   The Partnership Agreement provides, however, that neither the General Partner nor any of its affiliates may receive any rebate or “give up” in connection with the Partnership’s activities or participate in reciprocal business arrangements that circumvent the restrictions in the Partnership Agreement against dealings with affiliates.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
The Partnership had no employees during 2011 and received administrative and other services from a related party, Commonwealth Capital Corp. (“CCC”), which had 68 employees as of December 31, 2011.
  
ITEM 1A:                    RISK FACTORS

Changes in economic conditions could materially and negatively affect our business.
 
Our business is directly impacted by factors such as economic, political, and market conditions, broad trends in industry and finance, legislative and regulatory changes, changes in government monetary and fiscal policies, and inflation, all of which are beyond our control.  During 2011 we experienced a modest strengthening in the global economy.   As we move into 2012 we expect this moderate recovery to continue, subject of course, to events that may be experienced in Europe and elsewhere throughout the globe. With this in mind, a prolonged period of economic weakness could result in the following consequences, any of which could hurt business materially: lease delinquencies may increase; problem leases and defaults could increase; and demand for information technology products generally may decrease as businesses attempt to reduce expenses.
 
ITEM 1B:                    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
 
NONE
 
ITEM 2:                       PROPERTIES
 
NONE
 
ITEM 3:                       LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
Allied Health Care
On June 18, 2010, Commonwealth Capital Corp. (the parent of our general partner) filed suit on our behalf against Allied Health Care Services Inc. (“Allied”).  Allied is a lessee of medical equipment that failed to make its monthly lease payments since March 2010. Since March 2010, Commonwealth attempted on several occasions to collect lease rentals from Allied, but to no avail.   Our suit was filed in the U.S. District Court (District of New Jersey - Case No 2:10-cv-03135), for all outstanding rents, the value of leased equipment and all costs of collection. 

On August 19, 2010, an involuntary petition for relief under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code was filed against Allied in the US Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey.  On September 3, 2010, Mr. Schwartz was arrested by the FBI for alleged mail fraud in connection with his medical equipment leasing business. Additionally, Commonwealth was one of the petitioning creditors in an involuntary Chapter 7 bankruptcy petition filed against Mr. Schwartz personally on September 17, 2010, in the same court.  To date, we have taken a 100% reserve against the Allied receivables, reflecting the uncertainty of the outcome of these cases and funds that may be available for creditors. The bankruptcy trustee has not yet indicated whether he will pursure adversary claims against creditors seeking the return of pre-petition payments made by Allied, and therefore our exposure to such potential claims remains indeterminable at this time.

Upon considering the criminal complaints against Mr. Schwartz and his alleged co-conspirator, related press releases, and due to Mr. Schwartz’ resulting conviction for fraud in November 2011, management has fully impaired all related equipment for approximately $370,000. Commonwealth continues to pursue all of our rights against both Allied and Mr. Schwartz to recover any available assets to the greatest extent possible.

MobilePro Corp./City of Tempe, AZ

Commonwealth Capital Corp. ("Commonwealth") has settled the litigation in which it was involved on the Partnership's behalf with the City of Tempe, Arizona related to a default by a lessee, MobilePro Corp.   MobilePro was a lessee that had defaulted on its lease of wi-fi equipment installed throughout the City of Tempe as part of a municipal broadband wireless network.  Due to a dispute between Commonwealth and Tempe regarding ownership of and access to the wi-fi equipment post-default, Commonwealth and Tempe sued each other for the equipment and various amounts of damages.

A jury trial of Case No. CV09-00274 was held in U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona on May 16-18 and May 24-25, 2011.  On May 25, 2011, judgment was entered in accordance with the jury’s verdict in favor of the City of Tempe and against Commonwealth in the amount of $1,808,904.  The Partnership’s share of the judgment, based upon its proportionate participation in the MobilePro lease transaction, was $866,217.  Commonwealth. filed a Notice of Appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on September 23, 2011 requiring that the Partnership contribute its proportionate share ($960,000) to a $2,000,000 letter of credit required to post an appeal bond and commence the appeal.  Commonwealth and the City of Tempe attended a mediation on March 9, 2012, at which both parties agreed to settle the dispute in lieu of continuing a lengthy and costly federal appeal.  They agreed to settle the matter for $1,175,000, which will be paid out of funds already posted for the appeal bond. As of December 31,2011, the Partnership has recorded a contingent liability for its proportionate share of this contingency loss of approximately $564,000.  The remainder of the bond collateral will be returned to Commonwealth and the Partnership’s proportionate share will be allocated back to the Partnership.
 
7
 
 
 

 
 
ITEM 4:                       MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
 
NOT APPLICABLE
 
PART II
 
ITEM 5:
MARKET FOR THE REGISTRANTS COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
 
There is no public market for the units nor is it anticipated that one will develop.  As of December 31, 2011, there were 872 holders of units.  The units are not listed on any exchange or permitted to trade on any over-the-counter market.  In addition, there are substantial restrictions on the transferability of units.
 
GENERAL LIMITATIONS
 
Units cannot be transferred without the consent of the General Partner, which may be withheld in its discretion.   The General Partner monitors transfers of units in an effort to ensure that all transfers are within certain safe harbors promulgated by the IRS to furnish guidance regarding publicly traded partnerships.   These safe harbors limit the number of transfers that can occur in any one year.  The General Partner intends to cause the Partnership to comply with the safe harbor that permits nonexempt transfers and redemptions of units of up to five percent of the total outstanding interest in the Partnership’s capital or profits in any one year.
 
REDEMPTION PROVISION

The Partnership may, at the sole discretion of the General Partner, repurchase a number of the outstanding units pursuant to its limited redemption plan. On a semi-annual basis, the General Partner, at its discretion, may establish an amount for redemption, generally not to exceed two percent of the outstanding units per year, subject to the General Partner’s good faith determination that such redemptions will not (a) cause the Partnership to be taxed as a corporation under Section 7704 of the Code or (b) impair the capital or operations of the Partnership.  (The Partnership may redeem units in excess of the two percent limitation if, in the good faith judgment of the General Partner, the conditions imposed in the preceding sentence would remain satisfied.)  The redemption price for units will be 105% of the selling Limited Partner’s adjusted capital contributions attributable to the units for sale.   Following the determination of the annual redemption amount, redemptions will occur on a semi-annual basis and all requests for redemption, which must be made in writing, must be on file as of the record date in which the redemption is to occur.   The General Partner will maintain a master list of requests for redemption with priority being given to units owned by estates, followed by IRAs and Qualified Plans.   All other requests will be considered in the order received.  Redemption requests made by or on behalf of Limited Partners who are not affiliated with the General Partner or its affiliates will be given priority over those made by Limited Partners who are affiliated with the General Partner or its affiliates.  All redemption requests will remain in effect until and unless canceled, in writing, by the requesting Limited Partner(s).
 
The Partnership began to accept redemption requests beginning 30 months following the termination of the public offering of its units.  There will be no limitations on the period of time that a redemption request may be pending prior to its being granted.   Limited Partners will not be required to hold their interest in the Partnership for any specified period prior to their making a redemption request. In order to make a redemption request, Limited Partners will be required to advise the General Partner in writing of such request.   Upon receipt of such notification, the Partnership will provide detailed forms and instructions to complete the request.  During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 limited partners redeemed 832 and 4,806 units, respectively, of the partnership for a total redemption price of approximately $5,000 and $41,000, respectively, in accordance with the terms of the limited partnership agreement.
  
EXEMPT TRANSFERS
 
The following seven categories of transfers are exempt transfers for purposes of calculating the volume limitations imposed by the IRS and will generally be permitted by the General Partner:
 
(1)  
transfers in which the basis of the unit in the hands of the transferee is determined, in whole or in part, by reference to its basis in the hands of the transferor (for example, units acquired by corporations in certain reorganizations, contributions to capital, gifts of units, units contributed to another partnership, and nonliquidating as well as liquidating distributions by a parent partnership to its partners of interests in a sub partnership);
 
(2)  
transfers at death;
 
(3)  
transfers between members of a family (which include brothers and sisters, spouse, ancestors, and lineal descendants);
 
(4)  
transfers resulting from the issuance of units by the Partnership in exchange for cash, property, or services;
 
(5)  
transfers resulting from distributions from Qualified Plans;
 
(6)  
any transfer by a Limited Partner in one or more transactions during any 30-day period of units representing in the aggregate more than five percent of the total outstanding interests in capital or profits of the Partnership; and
 
(7)  
transfers by one or more partners representing in the aggregate fifty percent (50%) or more of the total interests in partnership’s capital or profits in one transaction or a series of related transactions.
 
ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER
 
Limited Partners who wish to transfer their units to a new beneficial owner are required to pay the Partnership up to $50 for each transfer to cover the Partnership’s cost of processing the transfer application and take such other actions and execute such other documents as may be reasonably requested by the General Partner.  There is no charge for re-registration of a certificate in the event of a marriage, divorce, death, or transfer to a trust so long as the transfer is not a result of a sale of the units.
 
In addition, the following restrictions apply to each transfer: (i) no transfer may be made if it would cause 25% or more of the outstanding units to be owned by benefit plans; and (ii) no transfer is permitted unless the transferee obtains such governmental approvals as may reasonably be required by the General Partner, including without limitation, the written consents of the Pennsylvania Securities Commissioner and of any other state securities agency or commission having jurisdiction over the transfer.
 
ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN THE GENERAL PARTNER AND THE LIMITED PARTNERS
 
Cash distributions, if any, are made quarterly on March 31, June 30, September 30, and December 31 of each year.  Distributions are made 99% to the Limited Partners and 1% to the General Partner until the Limited Partners have received an amount equal to their capital contributions plus the priority return of 10% per annum; thereafter, cash distributions will be made 90% to Limited Partners and 10% to the General Partner.  Distributions made in connection with the liquidation of the Partnership or a Partner’s units will be made in accordance with the Partner’s positive capital account balance as determined under the Partnership Agreement and Treasury Regulations.
 
The priority return is calculated on the Limited Partners’ adjusted capital contributions for their units.  The adjusted capital contributions will initially be equal to the amount paid by the Limited Partners for their units.  If distributions at any time exceed the priority return, the excess will reduce the adjusted capital contributions, decreasing the base on which the priority return is calculated.
 
If the proceeds resulting from the sale of any equipment are reinvested in equipment, sufficient cash will be distributed to the Partners to pay the additional federal income tax resulting from such sale for a Partner in a 35% federal income tax bracket or, if lower, the maximum federal income tax rate in effect for individuals for such taxable year.
 
Generally, the General Partner is allocated net profits equal to its cash distributions (but not less than one percent of net profits) and the balance is allocated to the Limited Partners.   Net profits arising from transactions in connection with the termination or liquidation of the Partnership are allocated in the following order: (1) First, to each Partner in an amount equal to the negative amount, if any, of his capital account; (2) Second, an amount equal to the excess of the proceeds which would be distributed to the Partners based on the operating distributions to the Partners over the aggregate capital accounts of all the Partners, to the Partners in proportion to their respective shares of such excess, and (3) Third, with respect to any remaining net profits, to the Partners in the same proportions as if the distributions were operating distributions.   Net losses, if any, are in all cases allocated 99% to the Limited Partners and 1% to the General Partner.
 
Net profits and net losses are computed without taking into account, in each taxable year of the Partnership, any items of income, gain, loss or deduction required to be specially allocated pursuant to Section 704(b) of the Code and the Treasury Regulation promulgated thereunder.  No Limited Partner is required to contribute cash to the capital of the Partnership in order to restore a closing capital account deficit, and the General Partner has only a limited deficit restoration obligation under the Partnership Agreement.
 
Distributions in the following amounts were paid to the Limited Partners during the year 2011 and 2010:


Quarter Ended
 
2011
   
2010
 
March 31
 
$
446,827
   
$
613,209
 
June 30
   
-
     
612,979
 
September 31
   
-
     
612,526
 
December 31
   
-
     
612,526
 
Total
 
$
446,827
   
$
2,451,240
 

As a result of a jury’s verdict in favor of the City of Tempe, (see Note 8), the Partnership has temporarily suspended distributions, beginning with the second quarter of 2011 and continuing through the first quarter of 2012. The General Partner will continue to reassess the funding of limited partner distributions throughout the remainder of 2012. If available cash flow or net disposition proceeds are insufficient to cover the Partnership expenses and liabilities on a short and long term basis, the Partnership may attempt to obtain additional funds by refinancing equipment, or by borrowing within its permissible limits.   

ALLOCATIONS AND DISTRIBUTIONS AMONG THE LIMITED PARTNERS
 
Cash available for distribution that is allocable to the Limited Partners is apportioned among and distributed to them solely with reference to the number of Units owned by each as of the record date for each such distribution.
 
Net profits, net losses and cash available for distribution allocable to the Limited Partners is apportioned among them in accordance with the number of units owned by each.
 
In addition, where a Limited Partner transfers units during a taxable year, the Limited Partner may be allocated net profits for a period for which such Limited Partner does not receive a corresponding cash distribution.
 
8
 
 
 

 
 
ITEM 6:                      SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
 
NOT APPLICABLE
 
ITEM 7:                      MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
INTRODUCTION
 
We were formed on May 19, 2003 for the purpose of acquiring various types of business-essential technology equipment, including computer information technology, telecommunications, medical technology, inventory management and other similar capital equipment.  We offered for sale up to 1,250,000 units of the limited partnership at the purchase price of $20 per unit (the “offering”).  We reached the minimum offering amount, broke escrow and commenced operations on March 14, 2005.  The offering terminated on February 24, 2006 with 1,249,951 units ($24,957,862) sold.

Our management team consists of the officers of our corporate General Partner, Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc.  We have utilized the net proceeds of our public offering to purchase equipment that is subject to leases with businesses throughout the United States.  We have also utilized debt financing (not in excess of 30% of the aggregate cost of the equipment owned or subject to conditional sales contracts at the time the debt is incurred) to purchase additional equipment.  We acquire and lease equipment principally to U.S. corporations and other institutions pursuant to operating leases.  We retain the flexibility to enter into full payout net leases and conditional sales contracts, but have not done so.
 
COMPETITIVE OUTLOOK

As discussed in “Competition” in Item 1 above, the commercial leasing and financing industry is highly competitive and is characterized by competitive factors that vary based upon product and geographic region. We compete primarily on the basis of pricing, terms and structure, particularly on structuring flexible, responsive, and customized financing solutions for our customers. Our investments are often made directly rather than through competition in the open market. This approach limits the competition for our typical investment, which is intended to enhance returns. We believe our investment model will represent the best way for individual investors to participate in investing in business-essential equipment. Nevertheless, to the extent that our competitors compete aggressively on any combination of the foregoing factors, our results could be adversely impacted.

PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT OBJECTIVES

Our principal investment objectives are to:
 
(a)
acquire, lease and sell equipment to generate revenues from operations sufficient to provide annual cash distributions to our limited partners;
   
(b)
preserve and protect limited partners’ capital;
   
(c)
use a portion of cash flow and net disposition proceeds derived from the sale, refinancing or other disposition of equipment to purchase additional equipment; and
   
(d)
refinance, sell or otherwise dispose of equipment in a manner that will maximize proceeds.

INDUSTRY OVERVIEW

We invest in various types of domestic information technology equipment leases located solely within the United States.  Our investment objective is to acquire primarily high technology equipment. We believe that dealing in high technology equipment is particularly advantageous due to a robust aftermarket.   Information technology has developed rapidly in recent years and is expected to continue to do so.  Technological advances have permitted reductions in the cost of computer processing capacity, speed, and utility.  In the future, the rate and nature of equipment development may cause equipment to become obsolete more rapidly. In an effort to mitigate this risk our portfolio manager attempts to diversify our fund through the acquisition of different types of equipment, staggered lease maturities, various lessees, businesses located throughout the U.S., and industries served.

We also acquire high technology medical, telecommunications and inventory management equipment. Our General Partner seeks to maintain an appropriate balance and diversity in the types of equipment acquired. The market for high technology medical equipment is growing each year.  Generally, this type of equipment has a longer useful life.  This allows for increased re-marketability, if it is returned before its economic or announcement cycle is depleted.

The Equipment Lease Finance Association (“ELFA”) Monthly Leasing and Finance Index which reports economic activity for the $628 billion equipment finance sector, showed overall new business volume for the year ending 2011 increasing 25% relative to the same period of 2010.  Credit quality remained steady as the rate of receivables aged in excess of 30 days rose slightly from 2.0% in November to 2.1% in December.  Additionally, charge-offs remained unchanged at 0.7% in the Fourth quarter of 2011.  Seventy Percent of ELFA reporting members reported submitting more transactions for approval during the final month of 2011 as compared to 65.5% the previous month.  For 2012, the ELFA has forecast a 4.1% increase in finance volume year over year.

Our business is directly impacted by factors such as economic, political, and market conditions, broad trends in industry and finance, legislative and regulatory changes, changes in government monetary and fiscal policies, and inflation, all of which are beyond our control.  During 2011 we experienced a modest strengthening in the global economy.   As we move into 2012 we expect this moderate recovery to continue, subject of course, to events that may be experienced in Europe and elsewhere throughout the globe. Given these circumstances, we believe companies overall, will continue to increasingly turn to leasing, as a financing solution.  It is our belief that companies lease business-essential equipment because leasing can provide many benefits to a company. The number one benefit of leasing that we see is that there is no large outlay of cash required. Therefore, companies can preserve their working capital, lease equipment, which is an expense item, have the flexibility to upgrade the equipment when needed, and have no risk of obsolescence. Because we expect leasing to remain an attractive financing solution for American businesses during the next 12 months, we feel that our ability to acquire equipment for the portfolio and leasing revenues during that period will remain strong.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND USE OF ESTIMATES
 
Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Management’s estimates are based on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
We believe that our critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
Through December 31, 2011, we have solely entered into operating leases.  Lease revenue is recognized on a monthly straight-line basis which is in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement.

Our leases do not contain any step-rent provisions or escalation clauses nor are lease revenues adjusted based on any index.
 
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Long Lived Assets / Asset Impairments

The Partnership evaluates its long-lived assets when events or circumstances indicate that the value of the asset may not be recoverable.  The Partnership determines whether impairment exists by estimating the undiscounted cash flows to be generated by each asset.  If the estimated undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset then impairment exists.  The amount of the impairment is determined based on the difference between the carrying value and the fair value.  The fair value of the equipment is calculated using income and market approaches.

Depreciation on computer equipment for financial statement purposes is based on the straight-line method estimated generally over useful lives of two to four years.

Intangible Assets

Equipment acquisition costs and deferred expenses are amortized on a straight-line basis over two-to-four year lives based on the original term of the lease and loan, respectively.  Unamortized acquisition costs and deferred expenses are charged to amortization expense when the associated leased equipment is sold.

Reimbursable Expenses

Reimbursable expenses, which are charged to us by CCC in connection with our administration and operation, are allocated to us based upon several factors including, but not limited to, the number of investors, compliance issues, and the number of existing leases.  For example, if one partnership has more investors than another program sponsored by CCC, then higher amounts of expenses related to investor services, mailing and printing costs will be allocated to that partnership.  Also, while a partnership is in its offering stage, higher compliance costs are allocated to it than to a program not in its offering stage, as compliance resources are utilized to review incoming investor suitability and proper documentation.  Finally, lease related expenses, such as due diligence, correspondence, collection efforts and analysis staff costs, increase as programs purchase more leases, and decrease as leases terminate and equipment is sold. All of these factors contribute to CCC’s determination as to the amount of expenses to allocate to us or to other sponsored programs.  All of our reimbursable expenses are expensed as they are incurred.
 
Lease Income Receivable

Lease income receivable includes current lease income receivable net of allowances for uncollectible accounts, if any. The Partnership monitors lease income receivable to ensure timely and accurate payment by lessees.  Its Lease Relations department is responsible for monitoring lease income receivable and, as necessary, resolving outstanding invoices. Lease revenue is recognized on a monthly straight-line basis which is in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement.

The Partnership reviews a customer’s credit history before extending credit. In the event of a default it may establish a provision for uncollectible lease income receivable based upon the credit risk of specific customers, historical trends and other information.
  
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS  

Information regarding recent accounting pronouncements is included in Note 2 to the financial statements, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, as set forth in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
  
Our primary source of cash for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 was generated by operating activities of approximately $1,134,000 and $1,799,000, respectively, which includes a net loss of approximately $1,707,000 and $1,730,000 respectively.  Payable to affiliate for approximately $512,000 was also a source of cash for 2011. Borrowings of approximately $149,000 were also a source of our 2010 cash. Net proceeds from the sale of equipment were approximately $478,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011. This compares to net proceeds from the sale of equipment during 2010 of approximately $496,000.

Our primary use of cash for the year ended December 31, 2011 was for capital expenditures for new equipment of approximately $575,000, distributions to partners of approximately $448,000 and to fund an  $960,000 escrow account related to the litigation settlement with the City of Tempe discussed in Item 3 – Legal Proceedings.  This compares to capital expenditures of approximately $391,000 and distributions of approximately $2,476,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010. Capital expenditures increased as a result of an increase in equipment investment opportunities. As a result of a jury’s verdict in favor of the City of Tempe, (see  Part II:  Item 1, Legal Proceedings), management has suspended distributions to investors until at least the first quarter of 2012, and we may also refinance or leverage equipment to meet our cash flow needs, if necessary.

For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 depreciation and amortization expenses were approximately $1,939,000 and $3,814,000, respectively. Additionally, other non-cash activities included in the determination of net loss include direct payments of lease income by lessees to banks of approximately $187,000 and $267,000, respectively, gain of sale of equipment of approximately $100,000 and $291,000, respectively, and bad debt expense of approximately $13,000 and $99,000 respectively.

As we continue to acquire equipment for the equipment portfolio, operating expenses may increase, but because of our investment strategy of leasing equipment primarily through triple-net leases, we avoid operating expenses related to equipment maintenance or taxes.  We intend to invest approximately $1,000,000 in additional equipment during 2012, primarily through debt financing.
 
At December 31, 2011, cash was held in three bank accounts maintained at one financial institution with an aggregate balance of approximately $205,000. Bank accounts are federally insured up to $250,000, while pursuant to the Dodd/Frank Act of 2010, some accounts are fully insured by the FDIC.  At December 31, 2011, the total cash bank balance was fully insured.

The Partnership deposits its funds with a large banking institution.  We have not experienced any losses in such accounts, and believe we are not exposed to any significant credit risk.  The amounts in such accounts will fluctuate throughout 2012 due to many factors, including the pace of additional revenues, equipment acquisitions and distributions. 
 
As of December 31, 2011, we had future minimum rentals on noncancellable operating leases of approximately $685,000 for the year ending 2012 and approximately $608,000 thereafter.  These amounts represent scheduled payments on existing leases only, and do not include expected future revenues on leases that we have not yet entered into.

The balance of our non-recourse debt at December 31, 2011 was approximately $358,000 with interest rates ranging from 3.95% to 7.50% which will be payable through July 2014. We assumed debt in connection with the purchase of computer equipment of approximately $188,000 and $214,000 during 2011 and 2010, respectively. Non-recourse debt leases will not generate current cash flow because the rental payments received from these leases are used to service the indebtedness associated with acquiring or financing the lease.  For these leases, we anticipate that the equipment will generate income to the investor either through an extension of the lease term or from the sale of the equipment at the end of the lease term.  Management does not expect significant interest rate increases to take place during the remainder of 2012, and therefore expects our cost of nonrecourse borrowing to remain steady over the next 12 months.

CCC, on our behalf and on behalf of affiliated partnerships, acquires computer equipment subject to associated debt obligations and lease agreements and allocates a participation in the cost, debt and lease revenue to the various partnerships based on certain risk factors.    Our share of the equipment in which we participate with other partnerships at December 31, 2011 was approximately $9,280,000, and is included in our fixed assets on our balance sheet.  The total cost of the equipment we share with other partnerships at December 31, 2011 was approximately $29,772,000.  Our share of the outstanding debt associated with this equipment at December 31, 2011 was $351,000.  The total outstanding debt related to the equipment we share at December 31, 2011 was approximately $952,000.
 
As we and the other programs managed by our General Partner continue to acquire equipment for the portfolios, opportunities for shared participation are expected to continue. Sharing in the acquisition of a lease portfolio gives the fund an opportunity to acquire additional assets and revenue streams, while allowing the fund to remain diversified and reducing its overall risk with respect to one portfolio.  Thus, total shared equipment and related debt should continue to trend at a relatively steady pace for the remainder of 2012.
 
Our cash flow from operations is expected to continue to be adequate to cover all operating expenses and liabilities.  During 2011, our operating expenses (including legal fees) decreased approximately $79,000 due to increased efficiencies as daily operations continued within the fund.  If available cash flow or net asset disposition proceeds are insufficient to cover our expenses and liabilities on a short or long term basis, we will attempt to obtain additional funds by disposing of or refinancing equipment, or by borrowing within our permissible limits.  As a result of the litigation with the City of Tempe, the Partnership had temporarily suspended distributions, beginning with the second quarter of 2011. The General Partner will continue to reassess the funding of limited partner distributions throughout the remainder of 2012. The General Partner and CCC will determine if related party payables owed to them by the Partnership may be deferred (if deemed necessary) in an effort to increase the Partnership’s cash flow.
 
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RESULTS FROM OPERATIONS
 
For the year ended December 31, 2011 we recognized revenue of approximately $1,543,000 and expenses of approximately $3,250,000 resulting in net loss of approximately $1,707,000.
 
We have 201 operating leases that generated lease revenue of approximately $1,431,000 during 2011.  Management expects to add new leases to our portfolio throughout 2012, funded primarily through debt.
 
Lease revenue decreased to approximately $1,431,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011 from approximately $2,727,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010. This decrease was primarily due to more lease agreements ending during 2011 and not being replaced with as many new equipment acquisitions.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, we recognized interest income of approximately $12,000, and $41,000, respectively, as a result of cash deposited in our bank accounts.  The amount in such accounts, and therefore the interest income therefrom, will fluctuate throughout 2012 due to many factors, including the pace of equipment acquisitions and distributions.

For the years ended December 31, 2011, operating expenses, excluding depreciation, consisted of accounting, legal, outside service fees and reimbursement of expenses to CCC for administration and operations.  These expenses decreased to approximately $667,000 during 2011 from approximately $746,000 in 2010.  This decrease is primarily attributable to a lower allocation of management fees and other expenses by the General Partner to increase cash flows during 2011.

A contingency loss of approximately $564,000, related to the City of Tempe, Arizona litigation settlement, was recorded in 2011. There was no such loss in 2010.

We pay an equipment management fee to our General Partner for managing our equipment portfolio.  In July of 2010, the equipment management fee was reduced to 2.5% from 5% of the gross lease revenue attributable to equipment that is subject to operating leases.  The equipment management fee for finance leases is 2% of the gross lease revenue attributable to that equipment.  For the year ended December 31, 2011 the equipment management fee decreased to approximately $35,000 from approximately $111,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010 which is attributable to the decrease in lease revenue and the reduction of operating lease equipment management fees to 2.5% from 5% during 2010.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2011, interest expense increased to approximately $31,000 from approximately $19,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010.  This increase is a result of additional debt obligations taken on by the Partnership during 2011.

Depreciation and amortization expenses consist of depreciation on computer equipment and amortization of equipment acquisition fees.  For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, these expenses were approximately $1,939,000 and $3,814,000, respectively. This decrease was due to equipment and acquisition fees being fully depreciated/amortized and not being replaced with as many new equipment purchases during 2011. The decrease was partially offset because the Partnership recorded an impairment charge at December 31, 2011 and 2010 of approximately $404,000 and $15,000, respectively. The increase in impairment charges relates to an impairment charge taken on the Allied equipment. See Item 3 – Legal Proceedings – Allied Health Care for further details.
 
Net loss decreased to approximately $1,707,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011 from approximately $1,730,000 for the year ended December 31, 2010. The changes in net loss were attributable to the changes in revenue and expenses as discussed above.
 
ITEM 7A:                   QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
NOT APPLICABLE
 
ITEM 8:                      FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Our financial statements, including selected quarterly financial data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and the reports thereon of Asher & Company, Ltd, are included in this annual report.
 
ITEM 9:                      CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

NONE
 
ITEM 9A:                   CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Our management, under the supervision and with the participation of the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our controls and procedures related to our reporting and disclosure obligations as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Based on such evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that, as of December 31, 2011, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in ensuring that information relating to us (including our consolidated subsidiaries), which is required to be disclosed in our periodic reports filed or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (a) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and (b) accumulated and communicated to management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.  It is the responsibility of the General Partner to establish and maintain adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The General Partner’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Internal control over financial reporting includes policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Partnership; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Partnership are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the General Partner; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Partnership’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Management assessed the effectiveness of the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting at December 31, 2011. Management based this assessment on criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting described in “Internal Control – Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Management’s assessment included an evaluation of the design of the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting and testing of the operational effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Management reviewed the results of its assessment with the board of directors.

Based on our assessment, management determined that, at December 31, 2011, the Partnership maintained effective internal control over financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. There has been no change in internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2011 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting.

This annual report does not include an attestation report of the company's registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management's report was not subject to attestation by the Partnership’s registered public accounting firm pursuant to final rule of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit the Partnership to provide only management's report in this annual report.
 
ITEM 9B:                      OTHER INFORMATION

NONE
 
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ITEM 10:  DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
The Partnership does not have any Directors or executive officers.
 
The General Partner, a wholly owned subsidiary of Commonwealth of Delaware, Inc., a Delaware corporation, which is in turn a wholly-owned subsidiary of CCC, a Pennsylvania corporation, was incorporated in Pennsylvania on August 26, 1993.  The General Partner also acts as the General Partner Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund IV, Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund VI and Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund VII and is the manager of several private entities.  The principal business office of the General Partner is Brandywine Bldg. One, Suite 200, 2 Christy Drive, Chadds Ford, PA 19317, and its telephone number is 484-785-1480.  The General Partner manages and controls the affairs of the Partnership and has sole responsibility for all aspects of the Partnership’s operations.  The officers of the General Partner devote such time to the affairs of the Partnership as in the opinion of the General Partner is necessary to enable it to perform its function as General Partner.  The officers of the General Partner are not required to spend their full time in meeting their obligations to the Partnership.

The directors and officers of the General Partner and key employees of CCC and its subsidiary Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp. ("CCSC"), are as follows:
 
NAME
TITLE
Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott
Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Compliance Officer of CCC, CCSC, & CIGF, Inc.
   
Henry J. Abbott
Director of CCC, CCSC & CIGF, Inc., Executive Vice President of CCSC and President of CCC and CIGF, Inc.
   
Gregory M. Lorenz
President of CCSC
   
Lynn A. Franceschina
Director and Chief Operating Officer of CCC, CCSC & CIGF, Inc.; Executive Vice President of CCC and CIGF Inc.; Senior Vice President of CCSC
   
Jay Dugan
Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer and Director of CCC, Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of CIGF, Inc.
   
Peter Daley
Director of CCC
   
James Pruett
Senior Vice President and Compliance Officer of CCC, CCSC, & CIGF, Inc.
   
Mark Hershenson
Senior Vice President and Broker-Dealer Relations Manager of CCC, CCSC & CIGF, Inc.
   
Richard G. Devlin III
Vice President and General Counsel of CCC, CCSC & CIGF, Inc.
   
David W. Riggleman 
Vice President and Portfolio Manager of CCC and CIGF, Inc.
   
Edmond J. Enderle
Vice President and Controller of CCC, CCSC, & CIGF, Inc.
   
Lisa Renshaw
Vice President, National Sales Manager of CCC and CIGF, Inc.
 
    Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott, Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott, age 52, joined Commonwealth in April 1997 as a founding registered principal and Chief Compliance Officer of its broker/dealer, Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott is the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Commonwealth Capital Corp. (the parent corporation); Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp. (the broker/dealer); and Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc. (the General Partner), positions she has held since April 2006. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott is responsible for general operations of the equipment leasing/portfolio management side of the business. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott oversees all CCC operations, as well as CCSC SEC/FINRA compliance. For the broker/dealer, she oversees securities policies, company procedures/operations.  Ms. Springsteen-Abbott oversees all corporate daily operations and training, as well as develops long-term corporate growth strategies. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott has over 27 years of experience in the financial services industry, specifically in the real estate, energy and leasing sectors of alternative investments. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott is the sole shareholder of Commonwealth Capital Corp.  Ms. Springsteen-Abbott was elected to the Board of Directors of the parent corporation in 1997 and has also served as its Executive Vice President and COO.  Also in 1997, she founded Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp., where she was elected to the Board of Directors and appointed President, COO and Chief Compliance Officer. Her responsibilities included business strategy, product development, broker/dealer relations development, due diligence, and compliance.  From 1980 through 1997, Ms. Springsteen-Abbott was employed with Wheat First Butcher Singer, a regional broker/dealer located in Richmond, Virginia.  At Wheat, she served as Senior Vice President & Marketing Manager for the Alternative Investments Division.  Ms. Springsteen-Abbott holds her FINRA Series 7, 63 and 39 licenses.  She is a member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, REISA, the Financial Planners Association, the National Association of Equipment Leasing Brokers and has served on the Board of Trustees for the Investment Program Association. Ms. Springsteen-Abbott is a member of the Executive Committee and the Disaster Recovery Committee.  Ms. Springsteen-Abbott is the wife of Henry J. Abbott.
 
      Henry J. Abbott, age 61, joined Commonwealth in August 1998 as a Portfolio Manager, a position he held until April 2006, at which time he was elected President of CCC and CIGF, Inc., Executive Vice President of CCSC, and Director of CCC and its affiliates.  Mr. Abbott is a registered principal of the broker/dealer.  Mr. Abbott is responsible for lease acquisitions, equipment dispositions and portfolio review. Additionally, Mr. Abbott is also responsible for oversight of residual valuation, due diligence, equipment inspections, negotiating renewal and purchase options and remarketing off-lease equipment. Mr. Abbott serves as senior member on the Disaster Recovery Committee and the Facilities Committee, and was appointed to the Executive Committee in 2008.  Prior to Commonwealth, Mr. Abbott has been active in the commercial lending industry, working primarily on asset-backed transactions for more than 30 years.  Mr. Abbott attended St. John’s University and holds his FINRA Series 7, 63 and 24 licenses.  Mr. Abbott was a founding partner of Westwood Capital LLC in New York, a Senior Vice President for IBJ Schroeder Leasing Corporation and has managed a group specializing in the provision of operating lease finance programs in the high technology sector.  Mr. Abbott brings extensive knowledge and experience in leasing and has managed over $1.5 billion of secured transactions. Mr. Abbott is a member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, the National Association of Equipment Leasing Brokers, REISA and the Investment Program Association.  Mr. Abbott is the husband of Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott.
 
  Gregory M. Lorenz, age 49, joined Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp. as its President in August 2010, and became a registered principal on October 8, 2010.  Prior to joining Commonwealth Capital Securities Corp., Mr. Lorenz served as a Financial Advisor with Allstate Financial Services from November 2009 to August 2010. His background also includes running his own fee-only financial planning practice from November 2003 to November 2006, and serving as a Financial Advisor for UBS Financial Services from November 2006 to August 2007 and E*Trade Securities from February 2008 to May 2009.  Prior to his employment with the above firms, Mr. Lorenz served as a Portfolio Manager for nine years, five of which were spent managing 17 separate Income & Growth Funds for Commonwealth Capital Corp., where he worked from 1994 to 1998.  Mr. Lorenz has been a requested speaker at several esteemed conferences and organizations, including the Wheat First Butcher Singer (currently Wells Fargo Advisors) Direct Investment Leadership Conference, the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association and the American Society of Appraisers. He has also written articles and been quoted in various publications including Euromoney, Computerworld and The Equipment Leasing & Asset-Based Borrowing Report.  Mr. Lorenz’s areas of expertise include investment, education, insurance, retirement and estate planning.  Mr. Lorenz earned his CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ credentials in June 2005, received his Certificate in Financial Planning from Texas A&M University, Commerce, TX, and attended Orange Coast College, Costa Mesa, CA. He holds his Series 7 General Securities Representative License, Series 66 Registered Investment Advisor Representative License, Series 39 Direct Participation Program Principal’s License and the California Department of Insurance Life & Health and Variable Contracts Licenses.

    Lynn Franceschina , age 40, joined Commonwealth in 2001 as Vice President and Accounting Manager.  In October 2004 she became Controller and Senior Vice President, and since April 2006 has served as Executive Vice President of CCC and CIGF, Inc., Senior Vice President of CCSC, and Chief Operations Officer of CCC, CCSC, and CIGF, Inc. and certain of its affiliates.  She was named as a director of CCC and its affiliates in June 2006.  Ms. Franceschina is responsible for daily operations, including oversight of all accounting, financial reporting and tax functions, investor communications, and human resources. During the period of March 2004 to October 2004, Ms. Franceschina was employed at Wilmington Trust Corp. where she was part of the policies and procedures team responsible for Sarbanes-Oxley documentation.  Prior to joining Commonwealth, Ms. Franceschina was the Business Controls Manager for Liquent, Inc., a leading software developer, where she was responsible for managing corporate forecasting and analysis, as well as the budgeting for the sales and marketing division. From 1999 to 2000, she served as a Senior Financial Analyst for Environ Products, and from 1994 to 1999, she was a Senior Accountant with Duquesne University.  Prior to joining Duquesne University, Ms. Franceschina was an accountant with the public accounting firm of Horovitz, Rudoy, & Roteman.  Ms. Franceschina is a Sigma Beta Delta graduate of Robert Morris University, during which time she also served as treasurer of her Alpha Chi national honor society chapter.  Ms. Franceschina holds her FINRA Series 22, 63, and 39 licenses.  She is a member of the Disaster Recovery Committee, the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, Investment Program Association, REISA and the Institute of Management Accountants.
 
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    Jay Dugan, age 63, joined Commonwealth in 2002 as Assistant Vice President and Network Adminstrator, and became a Vice President in December 2002, Senior Vice President in December 2003, and has been Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of the parent and its affiliates since December 2004. Mr. Dugan has also been a director of CCC and CIGF, Inc. since June 2006.  Mr. Dugan is responsible for the information technology vision, security, operation and ongoing development, including network configurations, protection of corporate assets and maximizing security and efficiency of information flow.  Prior to Commonwealth, Mr. Dugan founded First Securities USA, a FINRA member firm, in 1988 and operated that firm through 1998. From 1999 until 2002, Mr. Dugan was an independent due diligence consultant until he came to Commonwealth to develop that area of the firm. Mr. Dugan attended St. Petersburg College and holds an AS Degree in Computer Networking Technology.  Mr. Dugan is a Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer, Microsoft Certified Database Administrator and Comp-Tia Certified Computer Technician.  Mr. Dugan is a senior member of the Disaster Recovery Committee, as well as oversight member of the Website Committee.
 
    Peter Daley, age 71, joined Commonwealth in June 2006 as a director.  Mr. Daley is an Accredited Senior Appraiser for the discipline of Machinery and Equipment with a specialty in High-Technology for the valuation of computer equipment.  Mr. Daley has been in the computer business since 1965, first with IBM as a computer broker/lessor and then with Daley Marketing Corporation (DMC), a firm he founded in July 1980 to publish reports about computer equipment, including “Market Value Reports” and “Residual Value Reports.”   In January 2001 Mr. Daley acquired Computer Economics, merged DMC into CEI and in April 2005 sold the IT Management Company and created a new company focused on the fair market value business.  Additionally, Mr. Daley remains President of DMC Consulting Group, a separate company that specializes in writing Appraisals, Portfolio Analysis and Property Tax Valuation from Fair Market Value to Residual Value valuations. Mr. Daley has developed a database of “Fair Market Value” equipment values from 1980 to the present, utilizing a variety of reports and publications along with the DMC and CEI Market Value Reports.  This database has been successfully used in the valuation of computer equipment in the settlement of a number of Virginia tax cases.  He has also previously testified in California, Minnesota, Michigan, New York, and the Virginia Courts as an expert in the field of valuation of computer equipment.  Mr. Daley has a full repertoire of lectures, seminars, presentations, and publications that he has conceived and shared with the public.  From 1994 to present he has been writing computer appraisals and reports for Fortune 500 companies.  From April 2005 to present as president of DMC Valuations Group, Mr. Daley has been publishing, both on the web and in print, fair market values, residual values, and manufacturer’s price lists to existing valuation clients around the world. Mr. Daley graduated from Pepperdine University in 1991 with a Masters of Business Administration, and from Cal State Northridge with a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration in 1965.  Mr. Daley is also an Accredited Senior Appraiser with the American Society of Appraisers.
 
  James Pruett, age 46, joined Commonwealth in 2002 as an Executive Assistant.  Mr. Pruett was named Assistant Vice President and a Compliance Associate in February 2005, Vice President and Compliance Manager in December 2005 and since December 2007 has served as Senior Vice President and Compliance Officer of the parent and its affiliates.  Mr. Pruett was also named Secretary to the parent’s board of directors in December 2008.  Mr. Pruett is responsible for management of regulatory policies and procedures, assisting in compliance internal audit, associate regulatory filings, broker/dealer registrations, state and broker/dealer financial regulatory reporting requirements.  Mr. Pruett assists in the management of shareholder records and updates.  Mr. Pruett is a member of the Website Committee and the Disaster Recovery Committee.  Mr. Pruett holds his FINRA Series 22, 63 and 39 licenses.  Prior to joining Commonwealth, Mr. Pruett served as Managing Editor/Associate Publisher for Caliber Entertainment, a publishing and entertainment licensing company.  Mr. Pruett’s responsibilities included oversight of production of publishing library, as well as serving as Editor-in-Chief for all publications and additionally served as Media Relations Liaison.  Mr. Pruett is a member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association and the Investment Program Association.
  
    Mark Hershenson, age 46, joined Commonwealth in April 2002 as Broker Services Manager and has served as Senior Vice President and Broker Dealer Relations Manager of the parent and its affiliates since December 2007.  Mr. Hershenson is responsible for management of all broker/dealer relationships, and over-sees the Due Diligence, Marketing, and Broker Services Departments.  Prior to Commonwealth, Mr. Hershenson served as part of a financial planning practice at American United Life from 1999 through 2002.  He has written a book for the Florida Insurance Commissioner on how to sell insurance products.  Additionally, in 1991 through 1998, Mr. Hershenson served as sales trainer at MetLife for over 100 registered representatives.  Mr. Hershenson attended Stonehill College and holds a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology, with a concentration in Marketing/Organizational Behaviorism and engaged in Master’s level coursework in Financial Planning though American College.  He holds his FINRA Series 6, 7, 39 and 63 licenses.  Mr. Hershenson is a member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association and the Investment Program Association.
 
    Richard G. Devlin, age 40, joined Commonwealth in October 2006 as Vice President and General Counsel.  Mr. Devlin is responsible for all syndication and Blue Sky activities, FINRA and SEC registrations, contract administration and general legal matters as head of the Legal Department.  Mr. Devlin also assists with broker-dealer compliance functions. Prior to joining Commonwealth, Mr. Devlin was employed since December 2000 as an associate with the law firm Reed Smith, LLP in Philadelphia, where he was responsible for all elements of public and private securities offerings as issuer’s counsel.  Mr. Devlin has developed programs and advised clients regarding compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and related corporate governance and disclosure regulations.  Mr. Devlin has advised both foreign and domestic entities on US securities law compliance in the context of IPOs, exchange listing, private placements, mergers, and employee benefit plans.  In 1997 Mr. Devlin graduated Magna Cum Laude from the University of Pittsburgh School of Law with a Juris Doctorate and in 1994 he completed his Bachelor of Science in Business Administration and Finance at The American University in Washington, DC.  Mr. Devlin is admitted to the bar in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and holds his FINRA Series 22 and 63 Licenses.  Mr. Devlin is also a member of the Website Committee and the Disaster Recovery Committee and is a member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, REISA and the Investment Program Association.
 
    David W. Riggleman, age 49, joined Commonwealth in July 2007 as a Business Development Specialist and was named Assistant Vice President in December 2007, Portfolio Manager in June 2008 and as a Vice President of CCC and CIGF, Inc. in December 2008.  Mr. Riggleman is responsible for lease acquisitions, equipment research and evaluation, lease pricing, portfolio analysis, and asset remarketing and disposition.  Prior to joining Commonwealth, Mr. Riggleman served from January 2005 to July 2007 as Vice President, Investments for Raymond James and Associates in Cumberland, Maryland.  At Raymond James, he served as a Branch Owner in the Advisor Select Program.  He managed branch associates in addition to managing private client accounts with more than $75 million in assets under management.  From July 1994 to December 2004, Mr. Riggleman was Vice President, Investments and Branch Manager at Legg Mason.  While there, he opened and managed a branch while also managing private client and institutional assets with assets under management of more than $65 million.  He served as a member of Legg Mason President’s Council in 1998 and served consecutive terms as member of Legg Mason’s Financial Services Advisory Panel in 1999 and 2000.  From January 1987 to June 1994, he was Vice President, Investments of Wheat First Securities, where he managed private client and institutional assets totaling more than $40 million.  Mr. Riggleman studied Economics at the University of Richmond, and also Business Administration at Frostburg State University.

    Edmond J. Enderle, age 65, joined Commonwealth in August 2006 as Vice President and Controller.  Mr. Enderle is responsible for regulatory filings, internal controls, budgeting, forecasting, cash flow projections and all accounting related to syndication.  Mr. Enderle also functions as the Audit Liaison.  Prior to Commonwealth, Mr. Enderle worked most recently at Sunoco Logistics Partners LP located in Philadelphia.  This company boasted $4.5 billion in revenue, and here Mr. Enderle served as the Accounting Manager where he was responsible for SEC reporting, financial accounting, reporting and analysis, preparation of annual revenue and expense budgets and managing the monthly close process ensuring adherence to GAAP. Mr. Enderle also conducted environmental and legal reserve analysis, wrote, reviewed and certified various Sarbanes Oxley procedures and system narratives, and reported to management for strategic planning and executive presentations. Prior to Sunoco Logistics, Mr. Enderle worked at Sunoco Inc. (GP of Sunoco Logistics. Operator of 5 Oil Refineries) as the Accounting Manager in the Supply Chain department where his responsibilities included management of the Crude and Refined Oil Pools, departmental budgeting, monthly closing processes, and financial analysis and reporting.
Mr. Enderle attended St. Josephs University in Philadelphia and holds a Bachelor of Science in Accounting and also attended Widener University in Chester, Pennsylvania and holds an MBA in Finance/Taxation.
 
    Lisa Renshaw, age 53, joined Commonwealth in November 2006 and serves as Vice President and National Sales Manager of CCC. Ms. Renshaw, based in Wilmington, North Carolina, brings over twenty years of leasing experience to CCC and is responsible for spearheading lease acquisitions efforts and is the primary liaison with Lessors in the Eastern United States. Ms Renshaw will continue to strengthen CCC’s relationships and customer base on the east coast. Previously, Ms. Renshaw was employed by IBM Global Finance from 2002 to November 2006 with responsibilities for pricing lease transactions. She supported IGF sales representatives in the East and Central region as well as third party business partners and IBM Global Services by structuring FMV leases, upgrades, extensions, hybrids and migrations.  Prior to IGF, Ms. Renshaw owned her own company, Carrier Capital Resources, from 1992 to 2002, where she brokered lease transactions between lessors and funding sources on a nationwide basis.  During this time, Ms. Renshaw also served on the Board of Directors of the National Equipment Finance Association (formerly, the Eastern Association of Equipment Lessors).  Prior to 1992, Ms. Renshaw was employed by IBJ Schroeder Bank and Trust (1987 – 1992); PKFinans (1985-1987); Citibank (1981-1985); Playtex (1979 to 1981); Penn Life Insurance (1977-1979); and Greenbelt CARES (1976-1977).  Married with two children, Ms. Renshaw earned her BA in psychology from American University, graduating Cum Laude in 1976.

The directors and officers of the General Partner are required to spend only such time on the Partnership’s affairs as is necessary in the sole discretion of the directors of the General Partner for the proper conduct of the Partnership’s business.  A substantial amount of time of such directors and officers is expected to be spent on matters unrelated to the Partnership, particularly after the Partnership’s investments have been selected.  Under certain circumstances, such directors and officers are entitled to indemnification from the Partnership.

The Partnership has no audit committee financial expert, as defined in item 401 of Regulation S-K (17CFR § 229.401) under the Exchange Act, serving on its audit committee.  An audit committee is not required because the Partnership’s units are not listed securities (as defined by 17CFR§ 240.10A-3); therefore, no audit committee financial expert is required.
 
CODE OF ETHICS

In view of the fiduciary obligation that the General Partner has to the Partnership, the General Partner believes an adoption of a formal code of ethics is unnecessary and would not benefit the Partnership, particularly, in light of Partnership's limited business activities.
 
ITEM 11:                      EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
 
The Partnership does not have any Directors or executive officers.
 
ITEM 12:                      SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
 
NONE
 
13
 
 
 

 
 
ITEM 13:                      CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS
 
The following table summarizes the types, amounts and recipients of compensation to be paid by the Partnership directly or indirectly to the General Partner and its affiliates.  Some of these fees are paid regardless of the success or profitability of the Partnership’s operations and investments.  While such compensation and fees were established by the General Partner and are not based on arm’s-length negotiations, the General Partner believes that such compensation and fees are comparable to those that would be charged by an unaffiliated entity or entities for similar services.  The Partnership Agreement limits the liability of the General Partner and its affiliates to the Partnership and the Limited Partners and provides indemnification to the General Partner and its affiliates under certain circumstances.
 

ENTITY RECEIVING
COMPENSATION
TYPE OF COMPENSATION
 
AMOUNT
INCURRED
DURING 2011
   
AMOUNT
INCURRED
DURING 2010
 
               
               
 
OPERATIONAL AND SALE OR LIQUIDATION STAGES
           
               
The General Partner and its Affiliates
Reimbursable Expenses. The General and its affiliates are entitled to reimbursement by the Partnership for the cost of goods, supplies or services obtained and used by the General Partner in connection with the administration and operation of the Partnership from third parties unaffiliated with the General Partner. In addition, the General Partner and its affiliates are entitled to reimbursement of certain expenses incurred by the General Partner and its affiliates in connection with the administration and operation of the Partnership. The amounts set forth on this table do not include expenses incurred in the offering of units.
 
$
618,000
   
$
680,000
 
The General Partner
Equipment Acquisition Fee. The General Partner earned an equipment acquisition fee of 4% of the purchase price of each item of equipment purchased as compensation for the negotiation of the acquisition of the equipment and lease thereof or sale under a conditional sales contract.   At December 31, 2011, the remaining balance of prepaid acquisition fees was approximately $20,000, which will be earned in future periods. 
 
$
31,000
   
$
24,000
 
The General Partner
Debt Placement Fee. As compensation for arranging term debt to finance the acquisition of equipment to the Partnership, a fee equal to one percent of such indebtedness; provided, however, that such fee is reduced to the extent the Partnership incurs such fees to third parties, unaffiliated with the General Partner or the lender, with respect to such indebtedness and no such fee is paid with respect to borrowings from the General Partner or its affiliates.
 
$
2,000
   
$
4,000
 
The General Partner
Equipment Management Fee. The General Partner is entitled to be paid a monthly fee equal to the lesser of (i) the fees which would be charged by an independent third party for similar services for similar equipment or (ii) the sum of (a) two percent of (1) the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to full payout net leases which contain net lease provisions plus (2) the purchase price paid on conditional sales contracts as received by the Partnership and (b) 5% of the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to operating leases through June 30, 2010 and 2.5% of the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to operating leases effective July 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010.
 
$
35,000
   
$
111,000
 
The General Partner
Equipment Liquidation Fee. With respect to each item of equipment sold by the General Partner (other than in connection with a conditional sales contract), a fee equal to the lesser of (i) 50% of the competitive equipment sale commission or (ii) three percent of the sales price for such equipment. The payment of such fee is subordinated to the receipt by the Limited Partners of (i) a return of their capital contributions and 10% annum cumulative return, compounded daily, on adjusted capital contributions and (ii) the net disposition proceeds from such sale in accordance with the Partnership Agreement. Such fee is reduced to the extent any liquidation or resale fees are paid to unaffiliated parties.
 
$
5,000
   
$
16,000
 
The General Partner
Partnership Interest. The General Partner has a present and continuing one percent interest of $1,000 in the Partnership’s item of income, gain, loss, deduction, credit, and tax preference. In addition, the General Partner receives one percent of cash available for distribution until the Limited Partners have received distributions of cash available for Distribution equal to their capital contributions plus the 10% cumulative return and thereafter, the General Partner will receive 10% of cash available for distribution.
 
$
1,000
   
$
25,000
 
 
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
 
The Partnership is subject to various conflicts of interest arising out of its relationships with the General Partner and its affiliates.  These conflicts include the following:
 
COMPETITIONS WITH GENERAL PARTNER AND AFFILIATES: COMPETITIONS FOR MANAGEMENT’S TIME
 
The General Partner and its affiliates sponsor other investor programs, which are in potential competition with the Partnership in connection with the purchase of equipment as well as opportunities to lease and sell such equipment.  Competition for equipment has occurred and is likely to occur in the future.  The General Partner and its affiliates may also form additional investor programs, which may be competitive with the Partnership.
 
If one or more investor programs and the Partnership are in a position to acquire the same equipment, the General Partner will determine which program will purchase the equipment based upon the objectives of each and the suitability of the acquisition in light of those objectives.  The General Partner will generally afford priority to the program or entity that has had funds available to purchase equipment for the longest period of time.  If one or more investor programs and the Partnership are in a position to enter into lease with the same lessee or sell equipment to the same purchaser, the General Partner will generally afford priority to the equipment which has been available for lease or sale for the longest period of time.
 
Certain senior executives of the General Partner and its affiliates also serve as officers and directors of the other programs and are required to apportion their time among these entities.  The Partnership is, therefore, in competition with the other programs for the attention and management time of the General Partner and affiliates.  The officers and directors of the General Partner are not required to devote all or substantially all of their time to the affairs of the Partnership.
 
ACQUISITIONS
 
CCC and the General Partner or other affiliates of the General Partner may acquire equipment for the Partnership provided that (i) the Partnership has insufficient funds at the time the equipment is acquired, (ii) the acquisition is in the best interest of the partnership and (iii) no benefit to the General Partner or its affiliates arises from the acquisition except for compensation paid to CCC, the General Partner or such other affiliate as disclosed in this report. CCC, the General Partner or their affiliates will not hold equipment for more than 60 days prior to transfer to the Partnership.  If sufficient funds become available to the Partnership within such 60 day period, such equipment may be resold to the Partnership for a price not in excess of the sum of the cost of the equipment to such entity and any accountable acquisition expenses payable to third parties which are incurred by such entity and interest on the purchase price from the date of purchase to the date of transfer to the Partnership.  CCC, the General Partner or such other affiliate will retain any rent or other payments received for the equipment, and bear all expenses and liabilities, other than accountable acquisition expenses payable to third parties with respect to such equipment, for all periods prior to the acquisition of the equipment by the Partnership.  Except as described above, there will be no sales of equipment to or from any affiliate of CCC.
 
In certain instances, the Partnership may find it necessary, in connection with the ordering and acquisition of equipment, to make advances to manufacturers or vendors with funds borrowed from the General Partner for such purpose.  The Partnership does not borrow money from the General Partner or any of its affiliates with a term in excess of twelve months.  Interest is paid on loans or advances (in the form of deposits with manufacturers or vendors of equipment or otherwise) from the General Partner of its affiliates from their own funds at a rate equal to that which would be charged by third party financing institutions on comparable loans from the same purpose in the same geographic area, but in no event in excess of the General Partner’s or affiliate’s own cost of funds.  In addition, if the General Partner or its affiliates borrow money and loan or advance it on a short-term basis to or on behalf of the Partnership, the General Partner or such affiliates shall receive no greater interest rate and financing charges from the Partnership than that which unrelated lenders charge on comparable loans.  The Partnership will not borrow money from the General Partner or any of its affiliates for a term in excess of twelve months.
 
If the General Partner or any of its affiliates purchases equipment in its own name and with its own funds in order to facilitate ultimate purchase by the Partnership, the purchaser is entitled to receive interest on the funds expended for such purchase on behalf of the Partnership.  Simple interest on any such temporary purchases is charged on a floating rate basis not in excess of three percent over the “prime rate” from time to time announced by PNC Bank, from the date of initial acquisition to the date of repayment by the Partnership/ownership transfer.
 
The Partnership does not invest in equipment limited partnerships, General Partnerships or joint ventures, except that (a) the Partnership may invest in general partnerships or joint ventures with persons other than equipment programs formed by the General Partner or its affiliates, which partnerships or joint ventures own specific equipment; provided that (i) the Partnership has or acquires a controlling interest in such ventures or partnerships, (ii) the non-controlling interest is owned by a non-affiliate, and (iii) the are no duplicate fees; and (b) the Partnership may invest in joint venture arrangements with other equipment programs formed by the General Partner or its affiliates if such action is in the best interest of all programs and if all the following conditions are met: (i) all the programs have substantially identical investment objectives; (ii) there are no duplicate fees; (iii) the sponsor compensation is substantially identical in each program; (iv) the Partnership has a right of first refusal to buy another program’s interest in a joint venture if the other program wishes to sell equipment held in the joint venture; (v) the investment of each program is on substantially the same terms and conditions; and (vi) the joint venture is formed either for the purpose of effecting appropriate diversification for the programs or for the purpose of relieving the General Partner or its affiliates from a commitment entered into pursuant to certain provisions of the Partnership Agreement.
 
14
 
 
 

 
 
GLOSSARY
 
The following terms used in this report shall (unless otherwise expressly provided herein or unless the context otherwise requires) have the meanings set forth below.
 
“Acquisition Expenses” means expenses relating to the prospective selection and acquisition of or investment in equipment by the Partnership, whether or not actually acquired, including, but not limited to, legal fees and expenses, travel and communication expenses, costs of appraisal, accounting fees and expenses and other related expenses.
 
“Acquisition Fees” means the total of all fees and commissions paid by any party in connection with the initial purchase of equipment acquired by the Partnership. Included in the computation of such fees or commissions shall be the equipment acquisition fee and any commission, selection fee, construction supervision fee, financing fee, non-recurring management fee or any fee of a similar nature, however designated.
 
“Adjusted Capital Contributions” means capital contributions of the Limited Partners reduced by any cash distribution received by the Limited Partners pursuant to Sections 4.1 or 8.1 of the Partnership Agreement, to the extent such distributions exceed any unpaid priority return as of the date such distributions were made.
 
“Affiliate” means, when used with reference to a specified person, (i) any person, that directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries controls or is controlled by or is under common control with the specified person, (ii) any person that is a director or an executive officer of, partner in, or serves in a similar capacity to, the specified person, or any person of which the specified person is an executive officer or partner or with respect to which the specified person serves in a similar capacity, (iii) any person owning or controlling 10% or more of the outstanding voting securities of such specified person, or (iv) if such person is an officer, director or partner, any entity for which such person acts in such capacity.
 
“Capital Account” means the separate account established for each Partner pursuant to Section 4.1 of the Partnership Agreement.
 
“Capital Contributions” means in the case of the General Partner, the total amount of money contributed to the Partnership by the General Partner, and in the case of Limited Partners, $20 for each unit, or where the context requires, the total capital contributions of all the Partners.
 
“Cash Available for Distribution” means cash flow plus net disposition proceeds plus cash funds available for distribution from Partnership reserves, less such amounts as the General Partner, in accordance with the Partnership Agreement, causes the Partnership to reinvest in equipment or interests therein, and less such amounts as the General Partner, in its sole discretion, determines should be set aside for the restoration or enhancement of Partnership reserves.
 
“Cash Flow” for any fiscal period means the sum of (i) cash receipts from operations, including, but not limited to, rents or revenues arising from the leasing or operation of the equipment and interest, if any, earned on funds on deposit for the Partnership, but not including net disposition proceeds, minus (ii) all cash expenses and costs incurred and paid in connection with the ownership, lease, management, use and/or operation of the equipment, including, but not limited to, fees for handling and storage; all interest expenses paid and all repayments of principal regarding borrowed funds; maintenance; repair costs; insurance premiums; accounting and legal fees and expenses; debt collection expenses; charges, assessments or levies imposed upon or against the equipment; ad valorem, gross receipts and other property taxes levied against the equipment; and all costs of repurchasing Units in accordance with the Partnership Agreement; but not including depreciation or amortization of fees or capital expenditures, or provisions for future expenditures, including, without limitation, organizational and offering expenses.
 
“Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and as may be amended from time to time by future federal tax statutes.
 
“Competitive Equipment Sale Commission” means that brokerage fee paid for services rendered in connection with the purchase or sale of equipment, which is reasonable, customary, and competitive in light of the size, type, and location of the equipment.
 
“Conditional Sales Contract” means an agreement to sell equipment to a buyer in which the seller reserves title to, and retains a security interest in, the equipment until the purchase price of the equipment is paid.
 
“Equipment” means each item of and all of the technology equipment and other similar capital equipment purchased, owned, operated, and/or leased by the Partnership or in which the Partnership has acquired a direct or indirect interest, as more fully described in the Partnership Agreement, together with all appliances, parts, instruments, accessories, furnishings, or other equipment included therein and all substitutions, renewals, or replacements of, and all additions, improvements, and accessions to, any and all thereof.
 
“Full Payout Net Lease” means an initial net lease of the equipment under which the non-cancelable rental payments due (and which can be calculated at the commencement of the net lease) during the initial noncancelable fixed term (not including any renewal or extension period) of the lease or other contract for the use of the equipment are at least sufficient to recover the purchase price of the equipment.
 
“General Partner” means Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc. and any additional, substitute or successor general partner of the Partnership.
 
“Gross Lease Revenues” means Partnership gross receipts from leasing or other operation of the equipment, except that, to the extent the Partnership has leased the equipment from an unaffiliated party, it shall mean such receipts less any lease expense.
 
“IRS” means the Internal Revenue Service.
 
“Limited Partner” means a person who acquires units and who is admitted to the Partnership as a limited partner in accordance with the terms of the Partnership Agreement.
 
“Net Dispositions Proceeds” means the net proceeds realized by the Partnership from the refinancing, sale or other disposition of equipment, including insurance proceeds or lessee indemnity payments arising from the loss or destruction of equipment, less such amounts as are used to satisfy Partnership liabilities.
 
“Net Lease” means a lease or other contract under which the owner provides equipment to a lessee or other operator in return for a payment, and the lessee assumes all obligations and pays for the operation, repair, maintenance and insuring of the equipment.
 
“Net Profits” or “Net Losses” shall be computed in accordance with Section 703(a) of the Code (including all items of income, gain, loss or deduction required to be stated separately pursuant to Section 703(a) (1) of the Code) for each taxable year of the Partnership or shorter period prior to an interim closing of the Partnership’s books with the following adjustments: (I) any income of the Partnership that is exempt from federal income tax and not otherwise taken into account in computing net profits and net loss pursuant to this definition shall be added to such taxable income or shall reduce such taxable loss; (ii) any expenditure of the Partnership described in Code Section 705(a) (2) (B) or treated as Code Section 705(a) (2) (B) expenditures pursuant to Treasury Regulations section 1.704-1(b) (2) (iv) (i) and not otherwise taken into account in computing net profits and net losses pursuant to this definition shall be subtracted from such taxable income or loss; (iii) items of income, gain, loss and deduction specially allocated pursuant to Section 7.3 of the Partnership Agreement shall not be included in the computation of net profits or net loss; and if property is reflected on the books of the Partnership at a book value that differs from the adjusted tax basis of the property in accordance with Treasury Regulation Section 1.704-1(b) (2) (iv) (d) or (f), depreciation, amortization, and gain or loss with respect to such property shall be determined by reference to such book value in a manner consistent with Treasury Regulation Section 1.704-1(b) (2) (iv) (g). The terms “net profit” or “net losses” shall include the Partnership’s distributive share of the profit or loss of any partnership or joint venture in which it is a partner or joint venturer.
 
“Offering” means the initial public offering of units in the Partnership.
 
“Operating Distributions” means the quarterly distributions made to the Partners pursuant to Article 8 of the Partnership Agreement.
 
“Operating Lease” means a lease or other contractual arrangement under which an unaffiliated party agrees to pay the Partnership, directly or indirectly, for the use of the equipment, and which is not a full payout net lease.
 
“Organizational and Offering Expenses” means the expenses incurred in connection with the organization of the Partnership and in preparation of the offering, including underwriting commissions, listing fees and advertising expenses specifically incurred in connection with the distribution of the units.
  
“Partner (s)” means any one or more of the General Partner and the Limited Partners.
 
“Partnership” means Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund IV, a Pennsylvania limited partnership.
 
“Partnership Agreement” means that Limited Partnership agreement of Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund IV by and among the General Partner and the Limited Partners, pursuant to which the Partnership is governed.
 
“Person” means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, corporation, trust, estate or other entity.
 
“Proceeds” means proceeds from the sale of the units.
 
“Program” means a limited or general partnership, joint venture, unincorporated association or similar organization, other than a corporation formed and operated for the primary purpose of investment in and the operation of or gain from an interest in equipment.
 
“Purchase Price” means, with respect to any equipment, an amount equal to the sum of (i) the invoice cost of such equipment or any other such amount paid to the seller, (ii)  any closing, delivery and installation charges associated therewith not included in such invoice cost and paid by or on behalf of the Partnership, (iii) the cost of any capitalized modifications or upgrades paid by on or behalf of the Partnership in connection with its purchase of the equipment, and (iv) solely for purposes of the definition of full payout net lease, the amount of the equipment acquisition fee and any other acquisition fees.
 
“Retained Proceeds” means cash available for distribution, which instead of being distributed to the Partners is retained by the Partnership for the purpose of acquiring or investing in equipment.
 
“Term Debt” means debt of the Partnership with a term in excess of twelve months, incurred with respect to acquiring or investing in equipment, or refinancing non-term debt, but not debt incurred with respect to refinancing existing Partnership term debt.
 
“Unit” means a Limited Partnership interest in the Partnership.
 
15
 
 
 

 
 
ITEM 14:                      PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

AUDIT FEES

The aggregate fees billed for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 for professional services rendered by the Partnership’s independent registered public accounting firm for the audit of our annual financial statements and review of the financial statements included in our Form 10-Q or services that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for that fiscal year, were approximately $89,000 and $79,000, respectively.

AUDIT-RELATED FEES

There were no aggregate fees billed in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 for assurance and related services by the Partnership’s independent registered public accounting firm that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the registrant's financial statements and are not reported under the paragraph captioned "Audit Fees."
 
TAX FEES

There were no fees billed in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 for professional services rendered by the Partnership’s independent registered public accounting firm for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning.   

ALL OTHER FEES

There were no aggregate fees billed in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 for products and services provided by the Partnership’s independent registered public accounting firm, other than the services reported above under other captions of this Item 14.

PRE-APPROVAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

All audit related services, tax planning and other services were pre-approved by the Board of Directors of the General Partner, which concluded that the provision of such services by the Partnership’s independent registered public accounting firm was compatible with the maintenance of that firm's independence in the conduct of its auditing functions. The policy of the General Partner provides for pre-approval of these services and all audit related, tax or other services not prohibited under Section 10A(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended to be performed for us by our independent auditors, subject to the de minimus exception described in Section 10A(i)(1)(B) of the Exchange Act on an annual basis and on individual engagements if minimum thresholds are exceeded.

There were no other fees approved by the Board of Directors of the General Partner or paid by the Partnership, during 2011 other than fees related to audit or tax compliance services.
  
PART IV
 
ITEM 15:                      EXHIBITS, FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES AND REPORTS ON FORM 10-K

(a) (1)
Financial Statements
 
 
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
F-1
 
Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2011 and 2010
F-2
 
Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010
F-3
 
Statements of Partners’ Capital for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010
F-4
 
Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010
F-5
 
Notes to Financial Statements
F-6
(a) (2)
Schedules
 

Schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not required, or because the required information is included in the financial statements and notes thereto.
 
16
 
 
 

 
 
SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf April 16, 2012 by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND V, LP
 
By:  COMMONWEALTH INCOME & GROWTH FUND, INC., General Partner
 
By:  /s/ Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott
 
Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott
 
Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities indicated on April 16, 2012:

SIGNATURE
CAPACITY
   
/s/ Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer,
Kimberly A. Springsteen-Abbott
Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc.

/s/ Henry J. Abbott
Director, President,
Henry J. Abbott
Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc.


 
17

 
 
 

 
 



 



Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V






Financial Statements
For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010
 



 
 

 
 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
F-1
   
Financial statements
 
Balance sheets
F-2
Statements of operations
F-3
Statements of Partners’ Capital
F-4
Statements of cash flows
F-5
   
Notes to financial statements
F-6
 
 


 
 

 


 
Report of Indepedent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 

The Partners
Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund V
Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund V (“Partnership”) as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related statements of operations, Partners’ capital and cash flows for each of the years in the two year period ended December 31, 2011. The Partnership’s management is responsible for these financial statements. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Partnership is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audits included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund V as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two year period ended December 31, 2011 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.


 

/s/ ASHER & COMPANY, Ltd.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

April 16, 2012
 
 
 
 
F-1

 
 

 

 Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V

Balance Sheets


 
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
 
2011
   
2010
 
             
             
ASSETS
           
Cash
  $ 203,066     $ 79,118  
Lease income receivable, net of reserve of approximately $154,000 and $141,000 at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively
    109,177       287,131  
Accounts receivable, Commonwealth Capital Corp.
    -       75,079  
Other receivables
    26,395       11,973  
Escrow - Restricted Cash
    960,000       -  
Prepaid expenses
    620       4,202  
      1,299,258       457,503  
                 
Technology equipment, at cost
    10,972,410       17,888,633  
Accumulated depreciation
    (9,402,459 )     (14,834,770 )
      1,569,951       3,053,863  
                 
Equipment acquisition costs and deferred expenses, net of
               
accumulated amortization of approximately $130,000 and $145,000 at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively
    55,461       92,705  
Prepaid acquisition fees
    20,224       41,308  
      75,685       134,013  
                 
Total Assets
  $ 2,944,894     $ 3,645,379  
                 
LIABILITIES AND PARTNERS' CAPITAL
               
LIABILITIES
               
Accounts payable
  $ 209,667     $ 216,721  
Accounts payable, General Partner
    410,180       260,693  
Accounts payable, Commonwealth Capital Corp.
    358,090       -  
Contingency accrual
    564,000       -  
Payable to Affiliate
    512,114       -  
Other accrued expenses
    38,186       24,030  
Unearned lease income
    55,169       187,239  
Notes payable
    358,090       356,976  
Total Liabilities
    2,505,496       1,045,659  
                 
PARTNERS' CAPITAL
               
General Partner
    1,000       1,000  
Limited Partners
    438,398       2,598,720  
Total Partners' Capital
    439,398       2,599,720  
                 
Total Liabilities and Partners' Capital
  $ 2,944,894     $ 3,645,379  
                 
                 
                 
see accompanying notes to financial statements

F-2
 
 
 

 
 
Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V
 
Statements of Operations
 


 
Years ended December 31,
 
 
2011
   
2010
 
             
Revenue
           
Lease
  $ 1,430,535     $ 2,726,878  
Interest and other
    11,750       40,751  
Gain on sale of computer equipment
    100,374       290,758  
Total revenue
    1,542,659       3,058,387  
                 
Expenses
               
Operating, excluding depreciation
    406,816       698,545  
Equipment management fee, General Partner
    35,473       111,245  
Legal fees
    260,090       47,407  
Contingency loss
    564,000       -  
Interest
    31,422       18,901  
Depreciation
    1,869,215       3,717,809  
Amortization of equipment acquisition costs and deferred expenses
    69,649       95,853  
Bad debt expense
    12,768       98,973  
Total expenses
    3,249,433       4,788,733  
                 
Net (loss)
  $ (1,706,774 )   $ (1,730,346 )
                 
Net (loss) allocated to Limited Partners
  $ (1,708,196 )   $ (1,755,107 )
                 
Net (loss) per equivalent Limited Partnership unit
  $ (1.38 )   $ (1.42 )
                 
Weighted average number of equivalent limited partnership units outstanding during the period
    1,236,788       1,238,997  
                 
                 
see accompanying notes to financial statements

F-3
 
 
 

 


Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V
 
 Statements of Partners' Capital
 


   
General
   
Limited
                   
   
Partner
   
Partner
   
General
   
Limited
       
   
Units
   
Units
   
Partner
   
Partners
   
Total
 
Balance, January 1, 2010
    50       1,242,246     $ 1,000     $ 6,811,342     $ 6,812,342  
Net income (loss)
    -       -       24,761       (1,755,107 )     (1,730,346 )
Forgiveness of payables
    -       -       -       34,939       34,939  
Redemptions
    -       (4,806 )     -       (41,214 )     (41,214 )
Distributions
    -       -       (24,761 )     (2,451,240 )     (2,476,001 )
Balance, December 31, 2010
    50       1,237,440     $ 1,000     $ 2,598,720     $ 2,599,720  
Net income (loss)
    -       -       1,422       (1,708,196 )     (1,706,774 )
Redemptions
    -       (832 )     -       (5,299 )     (5,299 )
Distributions
    -       -       (1,422 )     (446,827 )     (448,249 )
Balance, December 31, 2011
    50       1,236,608     $ 1,000     $ 438,398     $ 439,398  
                                         
                                         
                                         
see accompanying notes to financial statements

F-4
 
 
 

 
 
Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V
  
Statements of Cash Flows 
 


   
Years ended December 31,
 
   
2011
   
2010
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net (loss)
  $ (1,706,774 )   $ (1,730,346 )
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities
         
    Depreciation and amortization
    1,938,864       3,813,662  
    (Gain) on sale of equipment
    (100,374 )     (290,758 )
    Bad debt expense
    12,768       98,973  
Other noncash activities
               
Lease revenue net of interest expense, on notes payable, realized as a result of direct payment of principal to bank by lessee
    (186,656 )     (267,010 )
Changes in assets and liabilities
               
     Lease income receivable
    165,186       (25,183 )
    Accounts payable, Commonwealth Capital Corp., net
    433,169       (60,889 )
    Accounts receivable, affiliated limited partnerships
    -       10,869  
    Other receivables
    (14,422 )     4,586  
    Prepaid expenses
    3,582       245  
    Accounts payable
    (7,057 )     70,838  
    Accounts payable, General Partner
    149,487       206,299  
    Contingency accrual
    564,000       -  
    Unearned lease income
    (132,070 )     (35,462 )
    Other accrued expenses
    14,156       3,533  
Net cash provided by operating activities
    1,133,859       1,799,357  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Capital expenditures
    (575,405 )     (390,728 )
Equipment acquisition fees paid to the General Partner
    (9,443 )     (10,018 )
Net proceeds from the sale of computer equipment
    478,249       495,813  
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities
    (106,599 )     95,067  
                 
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Escrow - Restricted Cash
    (960,000 )     -  
Redemptions
    (5,299 )     (41,214 )
Payable to affiliate
    512,114       -  
Distributions to partners
    (448,249 )     (2,476,001 )
Borrowing on notes payable
    -       148,702  
Debt placement fee paid to General Partner
    (1,878 )     (3,559 )
Net cash (used in) financing activities
    (903,312 )     (2,372,072 )
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash
    123,948       (477,648 )
                 
Cash at beginning of year
    79,118       556,766  
                 
Cash at end of year
  $ 203,066     $ 79,118  
                 
                 
see accompanying notes to financial statements
 
F-5
 
 
 

 
 
Commonwealth Income &
Growth Fund V
 
 
Notes to Financial Statements
 
1.  Business

Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund V (the “Partnership”) is a limited partnership organized in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in May 2003.  The Partnership offered for sale up to 1,250,000 units of limited partnership interest at the purchase price of $20 per unit (the “offering”).  The Partnership reached the minimum amount in escrow and commenced operations on March 14, 2005.  As of February 24, 2006, the Partnership was fully subscribed.

During the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, limited partners redeemed 832 and 4,806 units of partnership interest for a total redemption price of approximately $5,000 and $41,000, respectively in accordance with the terms of its Limited Partnership Agreement (the “Agreement”).

The Partnership uses the proceeds of the offering to acquire, own and lease various types of computer information technology equipment and other similar capital equipment, which is leased primarily to U.S. corporations and institutions.  Commonwealth Capital Corp. (“CCC”), on behalf of the Partnership and other affiliated partnerships, acquires computer equipment subject to associated debt obligations and lease agreements and allocates a participation in the cost, debt and lease revenue to the various partnerships based on certain risk factors.

The Partnership’s investment objective is to acquire primarily high technology equipment.  Information technology has developed rapidly in recent years and is expected to continue to do so.  Technological advances have permitted reductions in the cost of information technology processing capacity, speed, and utility.  In the future, the rate and nature of equipment development may cause equipment to become obsolete more rapidly.  The Partnership also acquires high technology medical,  telecommunications and inventory management equipment. The Partnership’s general partner will seek to maintain an appropriate balance and diversity in the types of equipment acquired.  The market for high technology medical equipment is growing each year.  Generally, this type of equipment will have a longer useful life than other types of technology equipment.  This allows for increased re-marketability, if it is returned before its economic or announcement cycle is depleted.

The Partnership’s general partner is Commonwealth Income & Growth Fund, Inc. (the “General Partner”), a Pennsylvania corporation which is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of CCC. CCC is a member of the Investment Program Association (IPA), REISA, Financial Planning Association (FPA), and the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA).   Approximately ten years after the commencement of operations, the Partnership intends to sell or otherwise dispose of all of its equipment, make final distributions to partners, and to dissolve.  Unless sooner terminated or extended pursuant to the terms of the Agreement the Partnership will continue until February 4, 2017.

Allocations of income and distributions of cash are based on the Agreement.  The various allocations under the Agreement prevent any limited partner’s capital account from being reduced below zero and ensure the capital accounts reflect the anticipated sharing ratios of cash distributions, as defined in the Agreement. During years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010, cash distributions to limited partners for each quarter were made at a rate of approximately 5% and 10% of their original contributed capital, respectively.  Distributions during the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 were made to limited partners in the amount of approximately $0.25 and $1.98 based on each investor’s number of partnership units outstanding during the years, respectively.

As a result of a jury’s verdict in favor of the City of Tempe, (see Note 7), the Partnership has temporarily suspended distributions, beginning with the second quarter of 2011 and continuing through first quarter 2012. The General Partner will continue to reassess the funding of limited partner distributions throughout the remainder of 2012. If available cash flow or net disposition proceeds are insufficient to cover the Partnership expenses and liabilities on a short or long term basis, the Partnership may attempt to obtain additional funds by refinancing equipment, or by borrowing within its permissible limits.

The General Partner and CCC will determine if related party payables owed to them by the Partnership may be deferred (if deemed necessary) in an effort to increase the Partnership’s cash flow.
  
2.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Disclosure of Fair Value of Financial Instruments     

Fair Value Measurements
The Partnership applies the provisions included in the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic to all financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. This Topic emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. It clarifies that fair value is an exit price, representing the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Topic requires the use of valuation techniques to measure fair value that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize use of unobservable inputs. These inputs are prioritized as follows:

 
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
 
Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.
 
 
Level 3: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which require internal development of assumptions about how market participants price the asset or liability.

There were no assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2011 and 2010. Fair Value Measurements on a nonrecurring basis as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:

   
             
   
Fair Value as of
December 31, 2011
   
Fair Value Measurements
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
          Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
Assets
                       
    Equipment
  $ 147,000     $     $     $ 147,000  


             
   
Fair Value as of
December 31, 2010
   
Fair Value Measurements
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
 
        Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
Assets                        
    Equipment
  $ 100,000     $     $     $ 100,000  

Equipment is measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis in conjunction with the Partnership's impairment analysis. An impairment charge of approximately $404,000 and $15,000 was recorded for equipment written down to fair value in 2011 and 2010, respectively. The fair value of the equipment is calculated using an income approach for 2011 and income and market approaches for 2010. The income approach utilized discounted cash flows based on inputs classified as level 3, within the fair value hierarchy. The primary inputs for the cash flow models were estimates of cash flows from lease revenue and expected residual values, as determined by management. The fair value of the technology equipment under the market approach was determined using quoted market prices and other market information for similar assets.
 
Fair Value disclosures of financial instruments not recorded at fair value on the balance sheet
                                                                   
Estimated fair value was determined by management using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies.  However, judgment was necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair value.  Cash, receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses and other liabilities are carried at amounts which reasonably approximate their fair values as of December 31, 2011 and 2010 due to the immediate or short-term nature of these financial instruments.

The Partnership’s long-term debt consists of notes payable, which are secured by specific computer equipment and are nonrecourse liabilities of the Partnership. The estimated fair value of this debt at December 31, 2011 and 2010 approximates the carrying value of these instruments, due to the interest rates on this debt approximating current market rates.
 
F-6
 
 
 

 

Revenue Recognition

Through December 31, 2011, we have solely entered into operating leases.  Lease revenue is recognized on a monthly straight-line basis which is in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement.

Our leases do not contain any step-rent provisions or escalation clauses nor are lease revenues adjusted based on any index.

Intangible Assets

Equipment acquisition costs and deferred expenses are amortized on a straight-line basis over two-to-four year lives based on the original term of the lease and the loan, respectively.  Unamortized acquisition costs and deferred expenses are charged to amortization expense when the associated leased equipment is sold.

Long-Lived Assets

The Partnership evaluates its long-lived assets when events or circumstances indicate that the value of the asset may not be recoverable.  The Partnership determines whether impairment exists by estimating the undiscounted cash flows to be generated by each asset.  If the estimated undiscounted cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset then impairment exists.  The amount of the impairment is determined based on the difference between the carrying value and the fair value.  The fair value of the equipment is calculated using income and market approaches.

Depreciation on equipment for financial statement purposes is based on the straight-line method estimated generally over useful lives of two to four years.

Legal Fees

Legal fees recorded in connection with the Partnership’s contingencies, and all other legal fees of the Partnership, are expensed as incurred.

Reimbursable Expenses

Reimbursable expenses, which are charged to the Partnership by CCC in connection with the administration and operation of the Partnership, are allocated to the Partnership based upon several factors including, but not limited to, the number of investors, compliance issues, and the number of existing leases.  For example, if a partnership has more investors than another program sponsored by CCC, then higher amounts of expenses related to investor services, including mailing and printing costs will be allocated to that partnership.  Also, while a partnership is in its offering stage, higher compliance costs are allocated to it than to a program not in its offering stage, as compliance resources are utilized to review incoming investor suitability and proper documentation.  Finally, lease related expenses, such as due diligence, correspondence, collection efforts and analysis and staff costs, increase as programs purchase more leases, and decrease as leases terminate and equipment is sold. All of these factors contribute to CCC’s determination as to the amount of expenses to allocate to the Partnership or to other sponsored programs.  For the Partnership, all reimbursable items are expensed as they are incurred.

Forgiveness of Related Party Payables

In accordance with ASC Topic 470-50 Debt Modifications and Extinguishments, the Partnership accounts for forgiveness of related party payables as Partners’ capital transactions.

Lease Income Receivable

Lease income receivable includes current lease income receivable net of allowances for uncollectible amounts. The Partnership monitors lease income receivable to ensure timely and accurate payment by lessees.  Its Lease Relations department is responsible for monitoring lease income receivable and, as necessary, resolving outstanding invoices. Lease revenue is recognized on a monthly straight-line basis which is in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement.

The Partnership reviews a customer’s credit history before extending credit. In the event of a default it may establish a provision for uncollectible lease income receivable based upon the credit risk of specific customers.
 
Cash
 
At December 31, 2011, cash was held in three bank accounts maintained at one financial institution with an aggregate balance of approximately $205,000. Bank accounts are federally insured up to $250,000, while pursuant to the Dodd/Frank Act of 2010, some accounts are fully insured by the FDIC.  At December 31, 2011, the total cash bank balance was fully insured.

At December 31, 2010, cash was held in three bank accounts maintained at one institution with an aggregate cash balance of approximately $84,000. Bank accounts are federally insured up to $250,000, while pursuant to the Dodd/Frank Act of 2010, some accounts are fully insured by the FDIC.  At December 31, 2010, the total cash bank balance was fully insured.

The Partnership deposits its funds with a large banking institution.  We have not experienced any losses in such accounts, and believe we are not exposed to any significant credit risk.  The amounts in such accounts will fluctuate throughout 2012 due to many factors, including the pace of additional revenues, equipment acquisitions and distributions. 

Income Taxes
 
Pursuant to the provisions of Section 701 of the Internal Revenue Code, the Partnership is not subject to federal income taxes. All income and losses of the Partnership are the liability of the individual partners and are allocated to the partners for inclusion in their individual tax returns. The Partnership does not have any entity-level uncertain tax positions. In addition, the Partnership believes its tax status as a pass-through entity would be sustained under U.S. Federal, state or local tax examination. The Partnership files U.S. federal and various state income tax returns and is generally subject to examination by federal, state and local income tax authorities for three years from the filing of a tax return.
 
Taxable income differs from financial statement net income as a result of reporting certain income and expense items for tax purposes in periods other than those used for financial statement purposes, principally relating to depreciation, amortization, and lease revenue.

Net (Loss) Per Equivalent Limited Partnership Unit

The net (loss) per equivalent limited partnership unit is computed based upon net (loss) allocated to the limited partners and the weighted average number of equivalent units outstanding during the period.
 
F-7
 
 
 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements    
 
In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-11 (“ASC Update 2011-11”), Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities. This ASU requires an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable user of its financial statements to understand the effect of those arrangements on its financial position. The amendments in this update are effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Partnership is currently evaluating the effect this ASU will have on its financial statements.

In May 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-04 (“ASC Update 2011-04”), Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRS. This ASU is intended to update the fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in US GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements.  Some of the amendments clarify the Board’s intent about application of existing fair value measurement requirements, while others change a particular principle or requirement for measuring or disclosing fair value measurement information.  The amendments in this update are for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011.  The Partnership is currently evaluating the effect this ASU will have on its financial statements.

In April 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-02 (“ASC Update 2011-02”) A Creditor’s Determination of Whether a Restructuring Is a Troubled Debt Restructuring.  This ASU provides additional guidance on a creditor’s evaluation of whether it has granted a concession and whether a debtor is experiencing financial difficulties.  The additional guidance is intended to create additional consistency in the application of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for debt restructuring. The amendments in this Update were effective for the first interim or annual period beginning on or after June 15, 2011, and were required to be applied retrospectively to the beginning of the annual period of adoption. The Partnership adopted this ASU during the third quarter of 2011 and it did not have a material effect on its financial statements.

In January 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-01 (“ASC Update 2011-01”), Deferral of the Effective Date of Disclosures about Troubled Debt Restructurings in Update No. 2010-20.  This ASU temporarily delays the effective date for public entities of the disclosures about troubled debt restructurings (TDRs) in ASU No. 2010-20, Disclosures about the Credit Quality of Financing Receivables and the Allowance for Credit Losses.  This guidance was effective for interim and annual periods ending after June 15, 2011. The Partnership adopted this ASU during the second quarter of 2011 and it did not have a material effect on its financial statements.

3. Information Technology, Medical Technology, Telecommunications Technology, Inventory Management Equipment and other Business-Essential Capital Equipment (“Equipment”)

The Partnership is the lessor of equipment under leases with periods that generally will range from 12 to 36 months.  In general, associated costs such as repairs and maintenance, insurance and property taxes are paid by the lessee.

The Partnership recorded impairment charges of approximately $404,000 and $15,000 for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 respectively. These amounts are included in depreciation expense in the accompanying financial statements.

Remarketing fees are incurred to the leasing companies from which the Partnership purchases leases.  These are fees that are earned by the leasing companies when the initial terms of the lease have been met and the lessee extends or renews the lease, or the equipment is sold.  The General Partner believes that this strategy adds value since it entices the leasing company to remain actively involved with the lessee and encourages extensions, remarketing or sale of equipment.  This strategy is designed to minimize any conflicts the leasing company may have with a new lessee and may assist in maximizing overall portfolio performance. The remarketing fee is tied into lease performance thresholds and is a factor in the negotiation of the up-front fee paid to the leasing company.  For the years ended December 30, 2011 and 2010, the Partnership incurred remarketing fees of approximately $80,000 and $130,000, respectively.

CCC, on behalf of the Partnership and on behalf of other affiliated partnerships, acquires equipment subject to associated debt obligations and lease agreements and allocates a participation in the cost, debt and lease revenue to the various partnerships based on certain risk factors. 

The Partnership’s share of the equipment in which it participates with other partnerships at December 31, 2011 was approximately $9,280,000 and is included in the Partnership’s fixed assets on its balance sheet. The total cost of the equipment shared by the Partnership with other partnerships at December 31, 2011 was approximately $29,772,000. The Partnership’s share of the outstanding debt associated with this equipment at December 31, 2011 was approximately $351,000. The total outstanding debt related to the equipment shared by the Partnership at December 31, 2011 was approximately $952,000.

The Partnership’s share of the equipment in which it participates with other partnerships at December 31, 2010 was approximately $12,017,000 and is included in the Partnership’s fixed assets on its balance sheet. The total cost of the equipment shared by the Partnership with other partnerships at December 31, 2010 was approximately $37,219,000. The Partnership’s share of the outstanding debt associated with this equipment at December 31, 2010 was approximately $335,000. The total outstanding debt related to the equipment shared by the Partnership at December 31, 2010 was approximately $1,374,000.

As the Partnership and the other programs managed by the General Partner continue to acquire new equipment for the portfolio, opportunities for shared participation are expected to continue. Sharing in the acquisition of a lease portfolio gives the fund an opportunity to acquire additional assets and revenue streams, while allowing the fund to remain diversified and reducing its overall risk with respect to one portfolio.  
  
The following is a schedule of future minimum rentals on noncancelable leases at December 31, 2011:

  Year Ending December 31,
 
Amount
 
       
2012
 
$
685,000
 
2013
   
394,000
 
2014
   
214,000
 
   
$
1,293,000
 
 
4. Significant Customers

Lessees equal to or exceeding 10% of lease revenue for the year ended December 31:

2011
 
Marriott International, Inc.
10%
   
2010
 
Government Employees Insurance Company
21%

Lessees equal to or exceeding 10% of lease income receivable at December 31:

2011
 
Perspective Charter Schools
42%
SuperValu, Inc.
14%
   
2010
 
Chrysler Corporation
45%
 
 
F-8
 
 

 
 
5.  
Related Party Transactions

Forgiveness of Related Party payables

During the year ended December 31, 2011, there was no forgiveness recorded. During the year ended December 31, 2010, the General Partner and CCC forgave approximately $35,000 of payables owed to it by the Partnership.

Receivables/Payables

As of December 31, 2011 the Partnership’s related party receivables are short term, unsecured, and non-interest bearing.

During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Partnership recorded a payable to an affiliate in the amount of approximately $512,000, including interest. The payable carries an annual interest rate of 6.25%. The payable is expected to be paid back during 2012.

Reimbursable expenses
Reimbursable expenses, including legal fees, which are charged to the Partnership by CCC in connection with the administration and operation of the Partnership, are allocated to the Partnership based upon several factors including, but not limited to, the number of investors, compliance issues, and the number of existing leases.  See "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies - Reimbursable Expenses," above.
 
Equipment acquisition fee
The General Partner earns an equipment acquisition fee of 4% of the purchase price of each item of equipment purchased, as compensation for the negotiation of the acquisition of the equipment and lease thereof, or sale under a conditional sales contract.   At December 31, 2011, the remaining balance of prepaid acquisition fees was approximately $20,000, which is expected to be earned in future periods.

Debt placement fee
As compensation for arranging term debt to finance the acquisition of equipment by the Partnership, the General Partner is paid a fee equal to 1% of such indebtedness, provided, however, that such fee shall be reduced to the extent the Partnership incurs such fees to third parties, unaffiliated with the General Partner or the lender, with respect to such indebtedness and no such fee will be paid with respect to borrowings from the General Partner or its affiliates.

Equipment management fee
The General Partner is entitled to be paid for managing the equipment portfolio a monthly fee equal to the lesser of (i) the fees which would be charged by an independent third party for similar services for similar equipment or (ii) the sum of (a) two percent of (1) the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to full payout net leases which contain net lease provisions plus (2) the purchase price paid on conditional sales contracts as received by the Partnership and (b) 5% of the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to operating and capital leases.

In an effort to increase future cash flow for the fund our General Partner has elected to reduce the percentage of equipment management fees paid to it from 5% to 2.5% of the gross lease revenues attributable to equipment which is subject to operating leases. The reduction of such fees began in July 2010.

Equipment liquidation fee
With respect to each item of equipment sold by the General Partner (other than in connection with a conditional sales contract), a fee equal to the lesser of (i) 50% of the competitive equipment sale commission or (ii) three percent of the sales price for such equipment is payable to the General Partner.  The payment of such fee is subordinated to the receipt by the limited partners of (i) a return of their net capital contributions and a 10% per annum cumulative return, compounded daily, on adjusted capital contributions and (ii) the net disposition proceeds from such sale in accordance with the Partnership Agreement.  Such fee will be reduced to the extent any liquidation or resale fees are paid to unaffiliated parties.

For the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 we incurred the following fees:

   
2011
   
2010
 
Reimbursable expenses
 
$
618,000
   
$
680,000
 
Equipment acquisition fee
 
$
31,000
   
$
24,000
 
Debt placement fee
 
$
2,000
   
$
4,000
 
Equipment management fee
 
$
35,000
   
$
111,000
 
Equipment liquidation fee
 
$
5,000
   
$
16,000
 

6.  Notes Payable
 
Notes payable consisted of the following amounts:

   
December 31, 2011
   
December 31, 2010
 
             
Installment note payable to bank; interest at 5.75% due in quarterly installments of $22,756 including interest, with final payment in January 2011
  $ -     $ 22,000  
                 
Installment note payable to bank; interest at 6.21%, due in monthly installments of $1,368, including interest, with final payment in May 2012
    7,000       22,000  
                 
Installment notes payable to bank; interest rates ranging from 5.89% to 7.50%, due in monthly installments of $7,104 and $6,666, including interest, with final payment in April 2013
    163,000       313,000  
                 
Installment notes payable to bank; interest at 3.95%, due in quarterly installments of $9,657 and $6,824, including interest, with final payment in July 2014
    188,000       -  
    $ 358,000     $ 357,000  

The notes are secured by specific technology equipment with a carrying value of approximately $479,000 and are nonrecourse liabilities of the Partnership.  As such, the notes do not contain any debt covenants with which we must comply on either an annual or quarterly basis.  Aggregate payments of notes payable for each of the periods subsequent to December 31, 2011 are as follows:
 
Year Ending December 31,
     
       
2012
 
$
221,000
 
2013
   
89,000
 
2014
   
48,000
 
   
$
358,000
 
 
 
F-9
 
 

 
 
7.  Supplemental Cash Flow Information

Noncash investing and financing activities include the following:

Year ended December 31,
 
2011
 
2010
 
           
Forgiveness of related party payables recorded as a capital transaction
  $ -   $ 35,000  
               
Debt assumed in connection with purchase of computer equipment
  $ 188,000   $ 214,000  
               
Equipment acquisition fees earned by General Partner upon purchase of equipment from prepaid acquisition fees
  $ 21,000   $ 25,000  
 
During the year ended December 31, 2011, the Partnership wrote-off fully amortized acquisition and finance fees of approximately $84,000, and fully depreciated MobilePro equipment of approximately $937,000. In 2010, the Partnership wrote-off fully amortized acquisition and finance fees of approximately $82,000 and wrote-off previously reserved lease income receivable in the amount of approximately $16,000.
 
8. Commitments and Contingencies
 
Allied Health Care
On June 18, 2010, Commonwealth Capital Corp. (the parent of our general partner) filed suit on our behalf against Allied Health Care Services Inc. (“Allied”).  Allied is a lessee of medical equipment that failed to make its monthly lease payments since March 2010. Since March 2010, Commonwealth attempted on several occasions to collect lease rentals from Allied, but to no avail.   The Partnership's suit was filed in the U.S. District Court (District of New Jersey - Case No 2:10-cv-03135), for all outstanding rents, the value of leased equipment and all costs of collection. 

On August 19, 2010, an involuntary petition for relief under Chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code was filed against Allied in the US Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey.  On September 3, 2010, Mr. Schwartz was arrested by the FBI for alleged mail fraud in connection with his medical equipment leasing business. Additionally, Commonwealth was one of the petitioning creditors in an involuntary Chapter 7 bankruptcy petition filed against Mr. Schwartz personally on September 17, 2010, in the same court.  To date, the Partnership has taken a 100% reserve against the Allied receivables, reflecting the uncertainty of the outcome of these cases and funds that may be available for creditors. The bankruptcy trustee has not yet indicated whether he will pursue adversary claims against creditors seeking the return of pre-petition payments made by Allied, and therefore the Partnership's exposure to such potential claims remains indeterminable at this time.

Upon considering the criminal complaints against Mr. Schwartz and his alleged co-conspirator, related press releases, and due to Mr. Schwartz’ resulting conviction for fraud in November 2011, management has fully impaired all related equipment for approximately $370,000. Commonwealth continues to pursue all of our rights against both Allied and Mr. Schwartz to recover any available assets to the greatest extent possible.
 
MobilePro Corp./City of Tempe, AZ
Commonwealth Capital Corp. ("Commonwealth") has settled the litigation in which it was involved on the Partnership's behalf with the City of Tempe, Arizona related to a default by a lessee, MobilePro Corp.   MobilePro was a lessee that had defaulted on its lease of wi-fi equipment installed throughout the City of Tempe as part of a municipal broadband wireless network.  Due to a dispute between Commonwealth and Tempe regarding ownership of and access to the wi-fi equipment post-default, Commonwealth and Tempe sued each other for the equipment and various amounts of damages.

A jury trial of Case No. CV09-00274 was held in U.S. District Court for the District of Arizona on May 16-18 and May 24-25, 2011.  On May 25, 2011, judgment was entered in accordance with the jury’s verdict in favor of the City of Tempe and against Commonwealth in the amount of $1,808,904.  The Partnership’s share of the judgment, based upon its proportionate participation in the MobilePro lease transaction, was $866,217.  Commonwealth. filed a Notice of Appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on September 23, 2011 requiring that the Partnership contribute its proportionate share ($960,000) to a $2,000,000 letter of credit required to post an appeal bond and commence the appeal.  Commonwealth and the City of Tempe attended a mediation on March 9, 2012, at which both parties agreed to settle the dispute in lieu of continuing a lengthy and costly federal appeal.  They agreed to settle the matter for $1,175,000, which will be paid out of funds already posted for the appeal bond. As of December 31,2011, the Partnership has recorded a contingent liability for its proportionate share of this contingency loss of approximately $564,000.  The remainder of the bond collateral will be returned to Commonwealth and the Partnership’s proportionate share will be allocated back to the Partnership.
  
9.  
Reconciliation of Amounts Reported for Financial Reporting Purposes to Amounts on the Federal Partnership Return (Unaudited)

The tax bases of the Partnership’s net assets and liabilities vary from the amounts presented in these financial statements at December 31, 2011 and 2010 as follows:

   
2011
 
2010
        Financial statement basis of net assets
 
$
439,398
   
$
2,599,720
 
        Tax basis of net assets (unaudited)
   
265,310
     
2,839,671
 
        Difference
 
$
174,088
   
$
(239,951
)  

The primary differences between the tax bases of net assets and the amounts recorded in the financial statements are the result of differences in accounting for impairment losses, syndication costs and differences between the depreciation methods used in the financial statements and the Partnership’s tax returns (unaudited).
 
Year ended December 31,
 
2011
   
2010
 
             
Net (loss) for financial reporting purposes to taxable (loss)
  $ (1,706,774 )   $ (1,730,346 )
Adjustments (unaudited)
               
     Gain (loss) on sale of computer equipment
    (260,225 )     (1,208,707 )
     Depreciation
    (999,106 )     (353,797 )
     Amortization
    62,336       76,434  
     Unearned lease income
    (121,433 )     (35,462 )
     Penalties
    2,413       3,746  
     Bad debts
    26,980       12,787  
      Contingency loss
    564,000       -  
     Other
    310,996       12,283  
Taxable (loss) on the Federal Partnership return (unaudited)
  $ (2,120,813 )   $ (3,223,062 )
 
The “Adjustments – Other” includes financial statement adjustments that will be reflected on the tax return in the subsequent year and is primarily attributable to an impairment charge of approximately $404,000 for the year ended December 31, 2011.
Adjustment or loss on sale of equipment is due to longer useful lives for tax reporting purposes.
 
F-10
 
 
 

 
 
10.  Quarterly Results of Operations (Unaudited)

Summarized quarterly financial data for the year ended December 31, 2011 is as follows:
 
 
Quarter ended
 
 
March 31
 
June 30
 
September 30
 
December 31
 
                 
  2011
               
                 
Revenues
               
Lease and other
 
$
413,554
   
$
366,289
   
$
351,617
   
$
310,825
 
    Gain on sale of computer equipment     45,308        5,262        12,291        37,513   
Total revenues
   
 458,862
     
371,551
     
 363,908
     
348,338
 
                                 
Total costs and expenses
   
 747,392
     
898,752
     
 424,324
     
1,178,965
 
                                 
Net (loss)
 
$