SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES
The following is a summary of the significant accounting policies followed in the preparation of the accompanying financial statements. On July 1, 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC” of the “Codification”), the single source of authoritative, non-governmental U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), except for rules and interpretative releases of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which are sources of authoritative GAAP for SEC registrants. All other non-grandfathered, non-SEC accounting literature not included in the Codification is non-authoritative. The new guidelines and numbering system prescribed by the Codification are used when referring to GAAP in this Form 10-Q. As the Codification was not intended to change or alter existing GAAP, it has not had any impact on the Company's financial statements.
Accounting Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenues and Costs Recognition - Revenues in 2011 have been derived from royalties on our blood collection products pursuant to our minimum volume contract. Revenues and accounts receivable under our contracts and within existing customer relationships are recognized when the price has been fixed, delivery has occurred and collectability is reasonably assured. In the case of our royalty income, revenues are recognized when the amount is determined based on contract terms and no possibility of refund exists. The Company began receiving revenue from its tube-activated blood collection device during the fourth quarter of 2010.
Cost of revenues sold includes all direct production costs, shipping and handling costs, royalty expenses and amortization of patents. General and administrative costs are charged to the appropriate expense category as incurred.
Accounts Receivable - As is customary in the industry, the Company does not require collateral from customers in the ordinary course of business. Accounts receivable are stated at the amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management provides for probable uncollected amounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to the allowance for doubtful accounts based on its assessment of the current status of individual accounts. As of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 the Company has no allowance for doubtful accounts since we have only one customer and revenue is being received based upon a minimum volume contract. The Company does not accrue finance charges on its past due accounts receivable. Balances that are still outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written off through a charge to the allowance and a credit to accounts receivable.
Inventory - Inventory at December 31, 2009 consisted primarily of Needlyzer™ devices, which were carried at the lower of cost or market value on a first-in first-out basis. Finished Needlyzer™ inventory and the remaining raw materials inventory associated with our blood collection devices was written off during the year ended December 31, 2010. The Company has not manufactured any product for resale during the six months ended June 30, 2011. We have manufactured product for testing and as samples for prospective customers. The cost of these items has been expensed.
Property and Equipment - Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization for assets placed in service is provided using the straight line method over their estimated useful lives. The cost of normal maintenance and repairs is charged against earnings. Expenditures which significantly increase asset values or extend useful lives are capitalized. The gain or loss on the disposition of property and equipment is recorded in the year of disposition.
Intangible Assets - Intangible assets consist principally of intellectual properties such as regulatory product approvals and patents. Intangible assets are amortized using the straight line method over their estimated period of benefit, ranging from one to ten years upon being placed in full production. We evaluate the recoverability of intangible assets periodically and take into account events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that indicate that impairment exists.
Research and Development Costs - Research and development costs are charged to expense as incurred. These expenses do not include an allocation of salaries and benefits for the personnel engaged in these activities.
Advertising and Promotion - Advertising and promotion costs are expensed as incurred.
Income Taxes - Income tax expense is provided for the tax effects of transactions reported in the financial statements and consist of taxes currently due plus deferred taxes. Deferred taxes are recognized for differences between the basis of assets and liabilities for financial statement and income tax purposes. The differences relate primarily to the effects of net operating loss carry forwards and differing basis, depreciation methods, and lives of depreciable assets. The deferred tax assets represent the future tax return consequences of those differences, which will be deductible when the assets are recovered.
No income tax benefit (expense) was recognized for the three or six months ended June 30, 2011 as a result of tax losses in this period and because deferred tax benefits, derived from the Company’s prior net operating losses, were previously fully reserved and the Company has cumulative net operating losses for tax purposes through December 31, 2010 in excess of $29 million.
The Company currently has tax return periods open beginning with December 31, 2007 through December 31, 2010 .
Cash and Cash Equivalents - For the purposes of the Statements of Cash Flows, the Company considers cash and cash equivalents to be cash in all bank accounts, including money market and temporary investments that have an original maturity of three months or less.
Concentration of Credit Risk - From time to time during the year ended December 31, 2010 and six months ended June 30, 2011, certain bank account balances exceeded federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash.