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FARMER BROS. CO.
2011 Annual Stockholders Meeting
December 8, 2011
State of the Company Address (edited)
State of the Company Presentation by
Jeffrey A. Wahba, Interim Co-Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
Patrick G. Criteser, Interim Co-Chief Executive Officer; President and Chief Executive Officer of Coffee Bean International, Inc.
2011 ANNUAL PRESENTATION
DECEMBER 8, 2011
Jeffrey Wahba: Welcome, everybody! Welcome to the Farmer Brothers Annual Meeting of Stockholders as we begin our 100th year. Its hard to imagine that were here today to celebrate the 100th year of Farmer Brothers, which started in 1912, as well as conduct our 58th Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
My name is Jeff Wahba. I am an Interim Co-CEO of the Company along with Patrick Criteser, who is sitting right here. And I will chair the meeting this morning.
At this time, Patrick and I would like to discuss the Company related to our performance in FY 11 and how we see the Company going forward. Im pleased to welcome Patrick to the podium.
Patrick Criteser: Good Morning everyone! Theres no question that the Company has struggled over the last couple of years in terms of its financial performance. As we entered calendar year 2011, the Company was facing some significant challenges continuing with the integration of the acquisition of the Sara Lee Direct Store Delivery (DSD) Coffee Business as well as the significantly increased cost of our main raw material, coffee. The Company was facing a CEO transition and other challenges at that time. And certainly the Companys financial performance was not meeting anyones expectations, and it was necessary for us to make some difficult choices with regard to cost cutting at that period in time.
The good news coming into fiscal 2011 was that the Company still had the fantastic products and services that it had had for decades and the strong customer relationships with over 60,000 customers. Most importantly, the Companys more than 1,800 employees were as committed, dedicated and talented as ever. Those employees included many long-term Farmer Brothers employees as well as many that had come on board with the acquisitions that the Company had made, and some that had joined the Company more recently.
As we got together with the leadership team early in calendar year 2011, we worked with them to identify those key initiatives that we thought were going to make the most difference at the Company. The entire Company, all employees, have been working hard over the last year to bring the Company back to where they would like it to be. The good news is that although we have a lot of hard work left to do, we are starting to see that progress, and were going to talk about some of that.
So, what Jeff and I would like to do is to do an overview of the Company. Well talk a little bit about the market in which were competing, and well also talk about the Companys recent performance and how weve performed in relation to some of those initiatives that we laid out. Then well take questions.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING
So, these words with which most of you are familiar say that any forward-looking statements that we make today should not be used as investment advice.
We sell great coffee, tea and culinary
products and provide superior service
one customer at a time.
We will be the preeminent roaster and
distributor of coffee, tea and culinary products
in every key market in the United States.
AT A GLANCE
The countrys largest direct-store-delivery coffee company ($470M in FY11 revenue)
Leading manufacturer, wholesaler and distributor of coffee, tea and culinary products
Founded in Los Angeles in 1912, celebrating our 100th year anniversary
access multiple segments of the foodservice and retail channels
The Companys mission has not changed over its long history of success: great coffee, tea and culinary products and superior service.
Today we have the shared mission of becoming the preeminent roaster and distributor of coffee, tea and culinary products in the United States, notably in every key market in the United States with the Companys current capabilities; and those capabilities include being a leading manufacturer, distributor and wholesaler of coffee, tea, and culinary products, and notably our DSD capability, which is now nationwide.
COFFEE AND TEA MARKETS CONTINUE TO GROW
Specialty Coffee +15%
Iced Tea +8%
The cost of coffee has increased approximately 80% in 18 months
Combined in-home and out-of-home coffee consumption has
recently increased and is now holding steady
Since 2004, past day coffee consumption has gone from 48% to 58%
3.4 cups/coffee drinker
Coffee and tea are 2nd only to carbonated soft drinks in US
consumption, and growing
Mintel Coffee & Tea (2010)
National Coffee Association Trends Report (2011)
New York Times (July 2011)
Ill just take a quick step back and talk about the markets in which were competing. The foodservice coffee and tea industry is about a $42 billion industry. Although the recession has certainly hit our industry hard, this industry continues to be very large and, in fact, a growing industry with dollar sales growing at about 6 percent per year, driven largely by specialty coffee and iced tea. But, as you know, those product categories that drive the growth tend to change from time to time.
One of the challenges that were facing, which I referred to earlier, is the increase in coffee cost. Coffee has increased although its off its high now about 80 percent from where it was 18 months ago. So you can imagine the challenges that coffee costs presented to our company as well as to the rest of the industry.
The good news is that combined in-home and out-of-home coffee consumption is up. It flattened a little bit recently, but since 2004, the percentage of consumers that say they consumed a cup of coffee yesterday has gone from 48 percent to 58 percent. So, were still in a good market and in a good position in that market. In fact, coffee and tea are second only to carbonated drinks.
5 POINTS OF DIFFERENTIATION
Our products include coffee and tea, along
with a diverse selection of culinary
products and other hot and cold beverages.
Nearly 3 million square miles of direct and
Deep, long lasting connections in coffee,
tea and spices, combined with strong co-
packing supplier partnerships in our other
We own and operate responsive
nationwide equipment service coverage
Our high touch service model allows
63,000 foodservice customers to operate
their business more efficiently.
So, heres some context for the Companys competitive environment. The Company today has lots of points of differentiation. Our coffee, tea and culinary products are of high quality and consistency, and have been for almost a hundred years. This is a key point of differentiation. Our delivery capability in virtually the entire United States today, as well as, our longstanding relationships in terms of coffee procurement, co-packers and tea procurement, are also key points of differentiation.
Equipment is an important part of our business. As many of you that have worked at the Company know, we provide not just coffee but a coffee service. And a key component of that coffee service is the equipment and the equipment service that goes along with that.
Most notably, in terms of our points of differentiation, our competitive advantage lies in our service. We have direct one-on-one relationships with customers throughout almost every local market in the United States today. And that is a huge competitive advantage for the Company.
Farmer Brothers roasts and distributes coffee,
tea and culinary solutions such as spices, soup
bases and salad dressings through direct store
delivery and broad line distribution.
Coffee Bean International, an independent,
wholly-owned subsidiary of Farmer Brothers, is
one of the nations leading specialty coffee
roasters, focusing on private brand retail
Custom Coffee Plan is a division of
Farmer Bros. Co., an established leader in
coffee service supplying business and
hospitality venues within its operating regions.
Spice Products Company is an industrial spice
ingredients supplier which brings one of the highest
levels of quality and consistency to the foodservice
and industrial food manufacturing industries.
We operate four business units with various degrees of integration and with increasing integration over the last couple of years. The lions share of our revenues and most of our profits come from the Farmer Brothers DSD Business for coffee, tea and culinary products. We also have: Coffee Bean International (CBI), one of the nations leading specialty coffee roasters, that focuses primarily on private label grocery and foodservice customers, our Custom Coffee Plan business, which is an office coffee service that represents a significant opportunity for the Company going forward, and our Spice Products Company, which is an industrial spice business that matches nicely with the other Farmer Brothers businesses.
WHO WE ARE (IN COFFEE)
Traditional, Premium & Specialty Coffees
Only Traditional Coffee
Three roasting facilities; DSD distribution in 48 states
West Coast primarily
Coffee Bean International
One brand: Farmer Brothers
Known primarily for supplying
Basic coffee resources
High Touch Customer Service Strategy Since 1912
Over the last four years, the Company has gone through tremendous changes, as anyone who has been a shareholder or is a former employee for that period of time knows. Before 2007, we were primarily a traditional coffee company. And today were able to do traditional, premium and specialty coffees to be able to provide our customers and prospective customers with exactly the right product that they need.
We were primarily a West Coast company. Today we have three roasting facilities and direct store delivery capabilities in 48 states. We were primarily one brand, Farmer Brothers. Now we have multiple brands at the Company, which we continue to look for ways to use to our competitive advantage.
We were known primarily for supplying small operators. At that point in time in the Companys history, most of the business was from small operators. Today we have grown the national accounts business, including being selected as Vendor of the Year in 2010 for both Sheetz, Inc. and Target Corporation, two of the nations leading large retailers in different segments.
Prior to 2007, we had fairly basic coffee resources. And today, through acquisition and most notably through the development of our Green Coffee Team and coffee capabilities in the coffee lab here in Torrance, we have industry leading coffee development lab and green coffee purchasing capabilities.
QUALITY EXECUTION AT ALL TIERS
Using small batch, large batch and continuous roasting processes,we achieve
exceptional consistency and quality control over multiple tiers.
So, the Company has come a long way in the last four years. In terms of the various tiers of product that we can provide, most of the coffee market is represented in this traditional category where we have traditionally been very strong, and so were the Sara Lee DSD Coffee Business assets that we purchased. Were also able to meet the needs of our customers in the premium and the specialty segments with multiple different brands but also with private label capabilities in all of these areas.
Today our production capabilities include coffee and spices here in Torrance where, of course, the headquarters is; coffee and tea manufacturing in Houston; and coffee manufacturing in Portland. We now have these distributed manufacturing capabilities that were using to our advantage in the marketplace.
Total facility square footage exceeds 1.5 million square feet
6 distribution centers and 114 branch warehouses
Approximately 500 routes servicing 63,000 customers
In terms of our distribution network, today we have six distribution centers and 114 branches. For those of you that can see this chart I know its a little difficult to see you see the distribution of blue dots, which are the branch warehouses. We have approximately 500 routes serving 63,000 customers.
The power of this distribution network is the key competitive advantage for the Company, and includes the ability to be present in local markets and have local, direct, one-on-one relationships, as well as the ability to provide DSD services to any nationwide customer that needs it from us.
WE SELL MORE THAN JUST COFFEE
Our broad array of products provide diverse menu solutions for our customers
We, of course, sell a lot more than coffee. And our relationships with customers span multiple different categories. You see them here: creamer, salad dressing, iced tea, spices, iced coffee, all kinds of different products that the Company provides to its customers.
NATIONAL ACCOUNT APPEAL
Broad selection of consistently high-quality products and service
Customization capabilities to support individual programs
National direct delivery distribution coverage
Responsive equipment service model with 24 hr support
Comprehensive partnership model, including:
Brand development / strategy
Coffee / tea market expertise and consumer insight trends
Strategic commodity cost management programs
Ive mentioned our national accounts business. National accounts business has grown significantly over the last couple of years. We offer a lot to a national restaurant operator, national hospitality operator, national grocery or foodservice operator including a broad selection of high quality products, the ability to add value to their business, help them grow their business and serve as a coffee expert for these customers through our comprehensive partnership model, and our 24-hour service and support.
Some of the significant national accounts that the Company has today you can see on this list of grocery and mass customers. You see large foodservice operators. You see convenience store chains, gaming, and specialty retailers. So, theres a wide range of customers with whom we have good partnerships national partnerships today.
PRIVATE LABEL, WITH ADDED VALUE
We also have primarily through the CBI Division a private label business thats thriving. This has really put us in a position to take advantage of some of the trends in coffee. Weve seen trends toward at-home consumption, trends in the retail market toward private brand, and overall trends toward specialty coffees. These private brand specialty programs have allowed us to take advantage of those trends in the marketplace and to provide some special value-added services. The one shown here is the direct trade program with Target Corporation.
MAJOR WINS / RECENT WINS
Major and recent national account wins include, again, hospitality customers, convenience store customers, foodservice customers and/or grocery retail customers. We continue to have success in all of these different segments.
Im going to turn it over to Jeff to update us on where we are today.
Jeffrey Wahba: Thank you, Patrick! There is absolutely no question that the Company was very challenged as we entered FY 11, as Patrick mentioned. We believe that a number of key accomplishments have occurred over the last several months.
KEY 2011 INITIATIVES & ACHIEVEMENTS
Aligned organization in response to current economic
Grew National Account business by 20%
Significantly reduced operating expenses as a result of
Despite unfavorable external factors, increased top line revenue
Increased product breadth, technical expertise and marketing
revenue per customer
To get to a point where we can be profitable going forward we had to make a number of very painful decisions. We realigned our organization in the spring of last fiscal year. As we entered the new fiscal year in July 2011, we had about 200 less employees than we did a year earlier, about a 10 percent reduction.
We also had to make a very painful decision which we did not like to do. We froze our pension plan, which had been in place for many, many years. What we did replace it with which is now prevalent in most of corporate America is a 401(k) matching program.
These and other decisions, we felt, were necessary to get the Company to a means of profitability. We felt that taking all of those actions in a fairly short amount of time would get us restructured, and then, as we entered FY 12, we would be well aligned to start making progress as we go forward.
Whats very important in terms of our strategy is that this Company succeeded in the last hundred years in terms of being the local provider and delivering service at the local level better than our competition. And our focus was to put the resources back into the local level to make sure that we could do the things that we do best.
Our focus has been to put programs to support our sales folks, align pricing, give them the kind of reporting and analysis they need, understand margins in a very coffee cost accelerated environment. And we believe some of those things are now beginning to pay off.
It is important to note that with the Sara Lee transaction we had a national footprint. And so, we are now able to go after national accounts, as Patrick mentioned. We grew our national accounts business by about 20 percent. We reduced operating expenses significantly, as I just mentioned.
Despite a number of challenges and with a continuing recessionary economy, revenue did grow three percent. As I mentioned, were now trying to focus on putting some of the resources back into the sales and marketing end of this business.
5 YEAR REVENUE GROWTH TREND
As we look at our financial trends over the last five years, revenue certainly has grown. And it has grown, really, because we did two acquisitions. Revenue in itself doesnt put profitability on the bottom line. But, it is important to understand where we stand today in terms of revenue. Five years ago we were at $216 million, and today were at $464 million.
FY11 ADJUSTED EBITDAE RECONCILIATION
LIFO accounting impact of $40.3M in
Adjusted EBITDAE -
better than FY10
LIFO charge (credit)
Last year the Company recorded its worst net loss in its history. Theres no doubt about it. But, it is important to understand the underlying profitability of the Company. We had (see the right-hand side of the slide) an $18 million Adjusted EBITDAE. I wont go through the various boxes on this chart, but two significant things, financial items, are important to understand when you look at our financials.
One is that we had almost $32 million of depreciation and amortization. And what that relates to is the very significant investments that the Company made in plant and equipment to integrate the two acquisitions that we made in the previous years building a plant in Portland for CBI and going through the Sara Lee DSD Coffee Business acquisition. That depreciation is non-cash. As time goes by, especially as it relates to the plant that we built in Portland, that depreciation in the next couple of years will decrease significantly.
Number two is that we had a $40 million LIFO charge. Unlike nearly all of our competitors, were on LIFO, an inventory valuation methodology, which is last in, first out. When commodity costs accelerate as much as they did last year, we are recording through our P&L the most recently bought product cost rather than product cost that we may have paid six months ago. And so, were recording, from an accounting standpoint, a much higher cost for coffee than we would if we used a first-in, first-out (FIFO) inventory valuation methodology.
So, we had a $40 million LIFO charge in the year. And so, in the bottom right-hand corner when you look at what we call Adjusted EBITDAE, you can see that the Company actually improved its Adjusted EBITDAE while at the same time had a significant increase in net loss.
Q1 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FY12 VS. FY11
With that accounting overview, I will move on to what I believe is really most important on how were progressing going forward. This is a chart of our FY 12 first quarter performance. Revenue in the first quarter, which ended September 30, 2011, versus the same quarter a year ago went up from $109 million to $121 million. Operating loss a year ago was $12 million and in this last quarter was $4.6 million. Thats about a $7.5 million improvement in operating income. And our Adjusted EBITDAE increased from $1.1 million to $11.3 million.
So, the takeaway from a financial perspective is that I believe the Company is on the right track to positive cash flow and increased profitability. The Company, as you may be aware, had significant bank borrowings over the last several years. Im pleased that over the first five months of this fiscal year were actually a net provider of cash, which hasnt happened since prior to either of the two acquisitions.
STRONG BALANCE SHEET WITH A FOCUS
ON ASSET MANAGEMENT
includes LIFO reserve of $70.0 million
includes over 50 owned properties
June 30, 2011
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Accounts and Notes Receivable
Other Current Assets
Total Liabilities excluding Credit Facility
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Furthermore, as we look at our balance sheet, Farmer Brothers has a very healthy and strong balance sheet. We have a stockholders equity of nearly $130 million at year-end. We have a LIFO reserve of $70 million, meaning that, on a FIFO basis, our inventory is actually worth $70 million more than its stated on our balance sheet. And we have over 50 pieces of real estate, all unencumbered or debt free.
As we look forward, Im very encouraged from a financial standpoint. The coffee markets have certainly taken a toll on our gross margins. But, as we sit here today, coffee has come off its peak in May of 2011 of nearly $3.00 a pound, and the coffee markets today are in the $2.30 to $2.40 per pound range.
We as we have historically done buy coffee or commit to coffee in advance. So, we know that in the first six months of calendar year 2012, our coffee costs will be less than they were in the prior six months. If we can keep our operating expenses at the same level that they currently are, which is about a 20 percent decrease year-over-year from a year ago, I believe the Company is certainly on the road back to profitability.
Optimize cost structure by realizing more synergies from the
Grow all tiers of Foodservice business by leveraging our competitive
Low cost producer with available roasting capacity
Unparalleled coffee and allied products distribution network
The most complete local, regional and national DSD network in the coffee industry
Grow average order size and improve gross margin by focusing on
the following product categories:
Continue to grow private label coffee business by leveraging our
differentiated partnership model
Just looking ahead, weve clearly started to optimize our cost structure, but there are still many more opportunities to integrate and to realize the synergies from Sara Lee DSD Coffee Business and the CBI acquisitions. In the last six months, weve done a number of things to take of the advantage of the premium coffee expertise and marketing expertise at CBI.
We want to continue to focus on leveraging our competitive advantages in the foodservice business. We continue to believe that we are a low cost producer and believe that we have the greatest and largest distribution network in the DSD arena. We continue to have superior customer service and excellence, and we are the local coffee company in 114 different branches across the country.
There are many opportunities to continue to increase our gross margins when it comes to penetration. Some of the areas such as, specialty coffee and iced tea, which have good margins, are areas where today we have less penetration than we would like and certainly a lot of opportunity to grow.
And finally, weve seen substantial growth at CBI and in the private label coffee market, and believe that will continue to go at double-digit growth over the next couple of years.
A recognized leader in both premium and cost competitive
Leading national direct delivery footprint
Opportunities to continue to realize synergies from the recent
State of the art development and production capabilities
Leverage customer base of 63,000 and one of the most
experienced sales, marketing and operations teams in the industry
In summary, as we look at Farmer Brothers, I believe we remain a very attractive company. We have the leading national direct delivery footprint; our product offering is second to none in the DSD environment and in the coffee DSD environment; we have many synergies to realize from the two acquisitions that we made; we are the state-of-the-art coffee company in the DSD arena and a low cost producer; and we have 63,000 customers that we can continue to leverage with a broad base of product offerings.
So, with that, Patrick and I would be pleased to take questions from the audience.