(3) Service Providers and Related Party Agreements
Under the Trust Agreement, Wilmington Trust Company, the trustee of the Fund (the "Trustee"), has delegated to the Managing Owner the exclusive management and control of all aspects of the business of the Trust and the Fund. The Trustee will have no duty or liability to supervise or monitor the performance of the Managing Owner, nor will the Trustee have any liability for the acts or omissions of the Managing Owner.
The Managing Owner
The Managing Owner serves the Fund as commodity pool operator, commodity trading advisor and managing owner, and is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank AG. During the Three Months Ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, the Fund incurred Management Fees of $278,443 and $300,261, respectively. Management Fees incurred during the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011 and 2010 by the Fund were $865,347 and $1,099,295, respectively. As of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, Management Fees payable to the Managing Owner were $84,619 and $98,614, respectively.
The Commodity Broker
Deutsche Bank Securities Inc., a Delaware corporation, serves as the Fund's clearing broker (the "Commodity Broker"). The Commodity Broker is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche Bank AG and is an affiliate of the Managing Owner. In its capacity as clearing broker, the Commodity Broker executes and clears each of the Fund's futures transactions and performs certain administrative and custodial services for the Fund. As custodian of the Fund's assets, the Commodity Broker is responsible, among other things, for providing periodic accountings of all dealings and actions taken by the Trust on behalf of the Fund during the reporting period, together with an accounting of all securities, cash or other indebtedness or obligations held by it or its nominees for or on behalf of the Fund. During the Three Months Ended September 30, 2011 and 2010, the Fund incurred brokerage fees of $25,563 and $19,018, respectively. Brokerage fees incurred during the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2011 and 2010 by the Fund were $59,466 and $78,225, respectively. As of September 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, brokerage fees payable were $967 and $5,089, respectively.
The Bank of New York Mellon (the "Administrator") has been appointed by the Managing Owner as the administrator, custodian and transfer agent of the Fund, and has entered into separate administrative, custodian, transfer agency and service agreements (collectively referred to as the "Administration Agreement").
Pursuant to the Administration Agreement, the Administrator performs or supervises the performance of services necessary for the operation and administration of the Fund (other than making investment decisions), including receiving and processing orders from Authorized Participants to create and redeem Baskets, net asset value calculations, accounting and other fund administrative services. The Administrator retains certain financial books and records, including: Basket creation and redemption books and records, fund accounting records, ledgers with respect to assets, liabilities, capital, income and expenses, the registrar, transfer journals and related details, and trading and related documents received from futures commission merchants.
ALPS Distributors, Inc. (the "Distributor") provides certain distribution services to the Fund. Pursuant to the Distribution Services Agreement among the Managing Owner in its capacity as managing owner of the Fund, the Fund and the Distributor, the Distributor assists the Managing Owner and the Administrator with certain functions and duties relating to distribution and marketing services to the Fund including reviewing and approving marketing materials.
Invesco PowerShares Capital Management LLC
Under the License Agreement among Invesco PowerShares Capital Management LLC (the "Licensor") and the Managing Owner in its own capacity and in its capacity as managing owner of the Fund (the Fund and the Managing Owner, collectively, the "Licensees"), the Licensor granted to each Licensee a non-exclusive license to use the "PowerShares®" trademark (the "Trademark") anywhere in the world, solely in connection with the marketing and promotion of the Fund and to use or refer to the Trademark in connection with the issuance and trading of the Fund as necessary.
Invesco Aim Distributors, Inc.
Through a marketing agreement between the Managing Owner and Invesco Aim Distributors, Inc. ("Invesco Aim Distributors"), an affiliate of Invesco PowerShares Capital Management LLC ("Invesco PowerShares"), the Managing Owner, on behalf of the Fund, has appointed Invesco Aim Distributors as a marketing agent. Invesco Aim Distributors assists the Managing Owner and the Administrator with certain functions and duties such as providing various educational and marketing activities regarding the Fund, primarily in the secondary trading market, which activities include, but are not limited to, communicating the Fund's name, characteristics, uses, benefits, and risks, consistent with the prospectus. Invesco Aim Distributors will not open or maintain customer accounts or handle orders for the Fund. Invesco Aim Distributors engages in public seminars, road shows, conferences, media interviews, and distributes sales literature and other communications (including electronic media) regarding the Fund.