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EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Incexh31_1.htm
 


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K/A
Amendment 1
 
x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE
ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2011
 
OR
 
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission file number 333-141568
 
CHINA ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
20-8468508
(State or other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
Organization)
 
   

9 North West Fourth Ring Road
Yingu Mansion Suite 1708
Haidian District, Beijing
People’s Republic of China 100190
(Address of Principal Executive Office and Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: +86 10 82525361
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Stock, Par Value $0.001
 
NASDAQ Global Market
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes oNo x
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes oNo x
 
 
 
 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes o No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting
company x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).Yes o No x
 
At December 31, 2010, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, there were 17,726,887 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding, and the aggregate market value of such shares held by non-affiliates of the registrant (based upon the closing price of such shares as reported on the NASDAQ Global Market) was approximately $41.5 million. Shares of the registrant’s common stock held by the registrant’s executive officers and directors have been excluded because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates of the registrant. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes

As of September 22, 2011, there were 17,806,887 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
None.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
EXPLANATORY NOTE
 
 
On September 23, 2011, we filed our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2011 (the “Original Filing”), with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Original Filing inadvertently omitted the report of Frazer Frost, LLP, our former independent registered public accounting firm, dated September 28, 2010,  with respect to our consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity and comprehensive income, and cash flows for the two-years ended June 30, 2010. This Amendment No. 1 (this “Amendment”) on Form 10-K/A is being filed solely to incorporate the report of Frazer Frost, LLP on page F-2.
 
As required by Rule 12b-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this Form 10-K/A contains new certifications by our principal executive officer and our principal financial and accounting officer, filed as exhibits hereto.
 
This amendment on Form 10-K/A is not intended to revise any other information presented in the Original Filing, which remains unchanged, and has not been updated to reflect events occurring subsequent to the original filing date. This Amendment speaks as of the date of the Original Filing, except for certain certifications, which speak as of their respective dates and the filing date of this Amendment. This Amendment should be read in conjunction with our filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission subsequent to the filing of the Original Filing, including any amendments to those filings.
 

 

 
 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
Page
     
Item 1.
Business
3
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
15
     
Item 2.
Properties
27
     
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
28
     
Item 4.
[Removed and Reserved]
28
     
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
28
     
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
29
     
Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
29
     
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure of Market Risk
43
     
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
43
     
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
43
     
Item 9A(T).
Controls and Procedures
43
     
Item 9B.
Other Information
44
     
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
44
     
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
50
     
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
53
     
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
54
     
Item 14.
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
55
     
Item 15.
Exhibits, Financial Statements and Schedules
55

 

 
1

 

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

In this report, unless indicated otherwise, references to

“China,” “Chinese” and “PRC,” are references to the People’s Republic of China;
“BVI” are references to the British Virgin Islands
“China Advanced,” “China-ACM,” “the Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our,” are references to the combined business of China Advanced Construction Materials, Group, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, BVI-ACM,  China-ACMH and AIH, as well as Xin Ao, but do not include the stockholders of China Advanced;
“BVI-ACM” are references to Xin Ao Construction Materials, Inc.
“China-ACMH” are references to Beijing Ao Hang Construction Materials Technology Co., Ltd.;
“AIH” are references to Advance Investment Holding Co., Inc.
“Xin Ao” are references to Beijing Xin Ao Concrete Group;
“RMB” are references to the Renminbi, the legal currency of China; and
“U.S. dollars,” “dollars” and “$” are references to the legal currency of the United States.

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

In addition to historical information, this report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. You can identify such forward-looking statements by terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “should,” “would” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and subject to risks and uncertainties. Given these uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements relating to:

our expectations regarding the market for our concrete products and services;
our expectations regarding the continued growth of the concrete industry;
our beliefs regarding the competitiveness of our products;
our expectations regarding the expansion of our manufacturing capacity;
our expectations with respect to increased revenue growth and our ability to maintain profitability resulting from increases in our production volumes;
our future business development, results of operations and financial condition;
competition from other manufacturers of concrete products;
the loss of any member of our management team;
our ability to integrate acquired subsidiaries and operations into existing operations;
market conditions affecting our equity capital;
our ability to successfully implement our selective acquisition strategy;
changes in general economic conditions; and
changes in accounting rules or the application of such rules.
 
Also, forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report, or that we filed as exhibits to this report, in their entirety and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.
 
Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in any forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.

 

 
2

 

PART I
 
Item 1. Business

OUR BUSINESS
 
Overview
 
We are a holding company whose primary business operations are conducted through our wholly-owned subsidiaries BVI-ACM and China-ACMH, and our variable interest entity Xin Ao. The Company engages in the production of advanced construction materials for large scale infrastructure, commercial and residential developments. The Company is primarily focused on engineering, producing, servicing, delivering and pumping a comprehensive range of advanced ready-mix concrete materials for highly technical, large scale, and environmentally-friendly construction projects. We are committed to conducting our operations with an emphasis on the extensive use of recycled waste materials, extending product life, the efficient production of our concrete materials with minimal energy usage, dust and air pollution, and innovative products, methods and practices.

During the year ended June 30, 2011, we supported materials, services and our high speed railway projects through our network of ready-mixed concrete plants throughout Beijing (four as of June 30, 2011) and our portable plants (twenty-four as of June 30, 2011) located in various provinces throughout China. We own one concrete plant and its related equipment, and we lease three additional plants in Beijing.  In addition, we have technical and preferred procurement agreements with three independently owned concrete mixture stations, pursuant to which we are paid by percentages of cost savings for technical support provided to clients and of sales price for projects we refer to other stations due to the geographical location of our owned and leased plants. Two of the technically serviced plants are located in Datong, Shaanxi and one in Mianyang, Sichuan. Our manufacturing services are used primarily for our national high speed railway projects; almost all of our general contract contractors on the high speed railway projects supply the needed raw materials, which results in higher gross margins for us and reduces our upfront capital investments needed to purchase raw materials. We also produce ready-mix concrete at portable plants, which can be dismantled and moved to new sites for new projects. Our management believes that we may have the ability to capture a greater share of the Beijing market and further expand our footprint in China via expanding relationships and networking, signing new contracts, and continually developing market-leading innovative and eco-friendly ready-mix concrete products.

According to the Investment Research Institute of China’s State Development and Reform Commission during the 12th 5 year plan (FYP) from 2011-2015 the Chinese government will invest $450 billion (RMB 3 trillion) in railway and another $460 billion (RMB3.05 trillion) in rural infrastructure.

Our Corporate Structure

We own all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Xin Ao Construction Materials, Inc., or BVI-ACM, a British Virgin Islands corporation, which in turn owns 100% of the outstanding capital stock of Beijing Ao Hang Construction Materials Technology Co., Ltd., or China-ACMH, a company incorporated under the laws of China. On November 28, 2007, China-ACMH entered into a series of contractual agreements with Beijing Xin Ao Concrete Group Co., Ltd., or Xin Ao, a company incorporated under the laws of China, and its two shareholders, in which China-ACMH effectively took over management of the business activities of Xin Ao and has the right to appoint all executives and senior management and the members of the board of directors of Xin Ao. The contractual arrangements are comprised of a series of agreements, including an Exclusive Technical Consulting and Services Agreement and an Operating Agreement, through which China-ACMH has the right to advise, consult, manage and operate Xin Ao for an annual fee in the amount of Xin Ao's yearly net profits after tax. Additionally, Xin Ao's shareholders have pledged their rights, titles and equity interest in Xin Ao as security for China-ACMH to collect technical consulting and services fees provided to China-ACMH through an Equity Pledge Agreement. In order to further reinforce China-ACMH's rights to control and operate Xin Ao, Xin Ao's shareholders have granted China-ACMH the exclusive right and option to acquire all of their equity interests in Xin Ao through an Option Agreement.

The following chart reflects our organizational structure as of the date of this report.

 
 
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Our Corporate History
 
China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Inc. was founded as an unincorporated business on September 1, 2005, under the name TJS Wood Flooring, Inc., and became a C corporation in the State of Delaware on February 15, 2007. On April 29, 2008, we changed our name to China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Inc. in connection with a reverse acquisition transaction with BVI-ACM as described below.

On April 29, 2008, we completed a reverse acquisition transaction with BVI-ACM whereby we issued to the stockholders of BVI-ACM 8,809,583 shares of our common stock in exchange for all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of BVI-ACM. BVI-ACM thereby became our wholly owned subsidiary and the former stockholders of BVI-ACM became our controlling stockholders.

Background and History of BVI-ACM and China-ACMH

BVI-ACM was established on October 9, 2007, under the laws of British Virgin Islands. The majority shareholders of BVI-ACM are Chinese citizens who own 100% of Xin Ao, a limited liability company formed under laws of China. BVI-ACM was established as a “special purpose vehicle” for foreign fund raising for Xin Ao. China State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, requires the owners of any Chinese companies to obtain SAFE’s approval before establishing any offshore holding company structure for foreign financing as well as subsequent acquisition matter. On September 29, 2007, BVI-ACM was approved by local Chinese SAFE as a “special purpose vehicle” offshore company.

On November 23, 2007, BVI-ACM established a subsidiary, China-ACMH, in China as a wholly owned foreign limited liability company with registered capital of $5 million. Through China-ACMH and its variable interest entity Xin Ao, we are engaged in producing general ready-mixed concrete, customized mechanical refining concrete, and some other concrete-related products which are mainly sold in China. On September 20, 2010, China ACM established a 100% owned subsidiary, Advanced Investment Holdings Co., Inc., or AIH, in the State of Nevada.  AIH never engaged in operations and the Company subsequently dissolved AIH on August 30, 2011.

In March and April 2010, Xin Ao established five 100% owned subsidiaries in China: Beijing Heng Yuan Zheng Ke Technical Consulting Co., Ltd (“Heng Yuan Zheng Ke”), Beijing Hong Sheng An Construction Materials Co., Ltd (“Hong Sheng An”), Beijing Heng Tai Hong Sheng Construction Materials Co., Ltd (“Heng Tai”), Da Tong Ao Hang Wei Ye Machinery and Equipment Rental Co., Ltd (“Da Tong”) and Luan Xian Heng Xin Technology Co., Ltd (“Luan Xian Heng Xin”). Total registered capital for these five subsidiaries is approximately $2.1 million (RMB 14 million) and none of these Xin Ao subsidiaries had actual operation as of June 30, 2011. The purpose of these new subsidiaries is to support the Company's future growth.
 
 
 
4

 

Business Segment Information
 
In the year ended June 30, 2011, our operations were comprised of four reportable segments: selling concrete, manufacturing concrete, providing technical support services and other services, which include mixer rental, sales of materials and marketing cooperation.
 
For financial information relating to our business segments, see Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 16 of the Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this annual report.
 
Concrete Sales Business

Our concrete sales business segment is comprised of the formulation, production and delivery of the Company’s line of C10-C100 concrete mixtures primarily through our current fixed plant network of 4 ready mix concrete batching plants in Beijing. For this segment of our business, we procure all of our own raw materials, mix them according to our measured mixing formula, ship the final product in mounted transit mixers to the destination work site, and, for more sophisticated structures, will pump the mixture and set it into structural frame moulds as per structural design parameters. The process of delivering and setting the ready mix concrete mixture cannot exceed 90 minutes due to the chemistry of the concrete mixture which hardens thereafter. The deliverable radius of a concrete mixture from any one of our 4 ready mix plants in Beijing is approximately 25 kilometers. Traffic conditions are a consideration which affect the timing and shipment of our concrete mixtures. Since the 2008 Olympics, there are alternating license plate traffic restrictions on many traffic routes in Beijing to ease traffic congestion and associated exhaust pollution. Due to the large amounts of working capital required for the acquisition of raw materials associated for this business segment, a supply shortage or degradation of supplier accounts payable credit terms would pose a potential risk to our business.

Our principal market, Beijing, has enjoyed stronger economic growth and a higher demand for construction than other regions of China. As a result, we believe that competitors will try to expand their sales and build up their distribution networks in our principal market. We anticipate that this trend will continue and likely accelerate. Increased competition may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Manufacturing Services Business

Our manufacturing services business segment is comprised of the formulation, production and delivery of project-specific concrete mixtures primarily through our current portable plant network of 24 rapid assembly and deployment batching plants (Ningbo portable plant was retired May 2011 bringing total number of portables from 25 to 24), located in various provinces throughout China. Our clients will purchase and provide the raw materials in volume on a separate account which we will then proportion and mix according to our formulation for a given project’s specifications. At present, our manufacturing services business segment is primarily dedicated to various high speed rail projects in China which demand very high quality standards on a time sensitive work schedule. Our high speed rail clients are primarily state-owned conglomerate construction contractors whose business practices follow closely with government policy.

Technical Services Business

Our technical services business segment is comprised of the our party production management services, including chemical engineering and ready-mix consulting services for independently owned concrete plants and their associated projects. We manage the production and receive a percentage of our client contractors’ profits based on cost savings generated.

Other Services

Our final business segment is comprised of other services which we engage in from time to time, including marketing cooperation and mixer rentals. When we are unable to service projects due to geographic limitations, we refer projects to several other independently-owned mixture stations as part of our marketing cooperation and existing relationships with contractors. We are paid a percentage of the sales price of the business that is referred. The marketing cooperation allows us to capture business that might otherwise be uneconomical due to capital requirements. We also generates revenues by renting our mixing trucks to other mixer stations.
 
 
 
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Our Industry

China averaged annual GDP growth exceeding 10% over the past 30 years. China recently became the world’s second largest economy, both in nominal and PPP terms, after the United States. In line with this macroeconomic growth the Chinese construction and building material industry has grown tremendously. China currently uses half of the world’s concrete output and one third of it’s steel output in construction according to an article in China Orbit published in January 2011. According to estimates by Credit Suisse China’s GDP Growth will slow to 8.6% in calendar 2011 and 8.2% in calendar 2012. According to Global Insight, a provider of global economic and financial intelligence, the global construction market has experienced a decline over the past 3 years, and a slow recovery is expected only after 2011. Despite the decline in the global construction market, the Chinese construction market has maintained a double digit increase over the past 10 years, which has made it one of the most dynamic markets in the world. The Chinese market, however, faces some uncertainty going forward in the face of ending projects initiated under the 2008-2009 Government stimulus package, macro-economic credit tightening measures by the Government to combat inflation, suspended approval of new high speed railway construction projects by the State Planning Commission and the Ministry of Rail, and increasing industry consolidation pressure for more energy efficient, environmentally conscious and quality consistent cement and concrete.
 
China is already among the world’s largest construction materials producers, ranking first in the world’s annual output of cement, flat glass, building ceramic and ceramic sanitary ware and accounted for 51.3% of Asia’s construction materials market in 2010. The construction materials market includes all manufacturers of sand, gravel, aggregates, cement, concrete and bricks. The market does not include other finished or semi-finished building materials. According to Datamonitor, the Chinese construction materials market had total revenue of $245.6 billion in 2010, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.5% for the period spanning 2006-2010. The cement segment was the market's most lucrative in 2010, with total revenue of $69.5 billion, equivalent to 28.3% of the market's overall value. The performance of the market is forecast to decelerate, with an anticipated CAGR of 6.4% for the five year period 2010-2015, which is expected to drive the market to a value of $335.5 billion by the end of 2015.

According to Nomura Research, in order to meet a possibly higher energy-saving target during 12th FYP period, China has given high priority to push industry consolidation to curb capacities and energy consumption. According to news report (Source: China Cement Net, Cement Industry Restructuring Set to Start, Sept 13), China aims to increase the Top 10 cement producers’ market share from 25% (as of 2009) to above 35% as of 2015, end of 12th FYP period in terms of cement capacities, for which the government actually has two prongs: phasing out outdated capacities and pushing industry M&A.

On August 9, 2010 China announced to close down 19mt  of outdated cement capacity and 88.3mt of outdated clinker capacity by 3Q10, implicating a total of 762 cement producers across the country. In addition, it was reported that China will eliminate all of its outdated capacities by end of 12th FYP period. (Source: China Cement Net, Cement Industry Restructuring Set to Start, Sept 13). On the other hand, China has issued various policies to push industry consolidation since 2005, and the latest one, Advice to promote company M&A and industry restructuring by China’s State Council on Sept 6, 2010, stipulates that the government will remove rules that limit cross-regional M&As and that local governments may sign agreements on splitting revenue from companies formed through cross-regional M&A, which removes the biggest obstacle for cross-region M&As. Nomura Research expects industry M&A to speed up in the next few years driven by both governments’ efforts and cement producers’ growth needs.

Construction Demand in China

China's gross national construction output is expected to increase by 15 percent during the country's 12th five-year plan period (2011-15), according to a statement from China's Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of China on August 18, 2011.  During the same period consumption of C60 concrete in China is also expected to increase by 10 percent.

According to the evaluation by Research Institute of Investment, National Development and Research Commission, China’s November 2008 economic stimulus package, valued at RMB 4 trillion (approximately US$593 billion), has had a material impact on the construction industry, contributing to growth in the construction industry of approximately RMB 594 billion in 2009. According to data prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, from January to April 2009, urban fixed assets investment reached RMB3.7 trillion, up 30.5 percent year by year. Many of the projects begun under the 2008-2009 stimulus package have already been completed or will soon begin to reach completion. Credit Suisse, in a recent research report, refers to this as the fading of the “super-cycle” characterized by slowdowns in traditional property construction, extended suspension of additional highspeed rail starts and general railway construction slowdown, and weakness in other infrastructure construction as 2009 projects come to completion in 2012-2013. On the other hand, Daiwa believes these slowing trends will be offset by social housing construction starts, robust construction activity for commercial and other properties and increasing rural and conservation related infrastructure spending.
 
 
 
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The stimulus package has been used to finance programs, during 2009 and 2010 in 10 major areas, such as low-income housing, rural infrastructure, water, electricity, transportation, the environment, technological innovation and rebuilding disaster struck areas. The economic stimulus package also focuses on infrastructure projects such as new railways, roads, and airports. According to the Ministry of Railways, China doubled its investment in railways to about RMB 600 billion (approximately US$87.8 billion) for 2009 and 2010. Part of the new funds will go to building 5,148 km of new lines, including five passenger-only high-speed lines. The ministry also plans to start 70 other new projects, which will cost an estimated RMB 1.5 trillion (approximately US$219.6 billion). By 2012 China is expected to have 110,000 km of rail lines, including 13,000 km of passenger routes, of which, many will be high-speed railways allowing trains to run between 200 and 350 km an hour. (Chinese version: http://www.concrete365.com/news/2009/7-20/H142630705.htm). In response to a high-speed railway crash in Zhejiang province on July 23, 2011, the State Planning Commission announced on August 10, 2011 that it was suspending approvals indefinitely for new rail projects until a comprehensive safety check on existing rail lines could be completed (http://www.prcgov.org/meet/meetings-content-61.html).

According to a report published by the Freedonia Group, an industry research firm in May 2010, Construction expenditures in China are expected to rise 9.1 percent per annum in real terms and are expected to reach $1.7 trillion by 2014.

It is anticipated that increases will be bolstered by a growing domestic economy, ongoing industrialization, rebounding foreign investment funding, continuing efforts to expand and upgrade physical infrastructure, rising income levels, and further population and household growth. These and other trends are presented in Construction Outlook in China, a new study from the Freedonia Group.

The Freedonia Group expects that non-building construction will be the fastest growing sector, advancing by an estimated 10.0 percent annually in real terms through 2014. Government spending initiatives are the predominant drivers of non-building construction activity. Growth will benefit from state-led efforts to expand and upgrade China’s transportation infrastructure. Utilities construction will also contribute to non-building construction spending gains, as the government continues to increase power generation capacity and improve electricity transmission networks.

Residential building is the largest market for construction services in China, accounting for 37 percent of total construction spending in 2009. Residential building construction expenditures are expected to increase at an annual pace of 8.4 percent through 2014, primarily supported by rising personal income levels. Government efforts to improve living conditions for low-income earners (including the construction of affordable and low-rent houses in urban areas and subsidies for alterations of dilapidated farmhouses in rural areas) are also expected to bolster residential building construction spending. However, expected deceleration in the overall economy and household formation may constrain residential building construction activity to some extent.

Non-residential building construction expenditures are forecast to rise 9.0 percent per year through 2014. Growth is expected to be driven by rebounding local and foreign investment in the manufacturing sector, following the sharp moderations associated with the global economic downturn of 2008 and 2009. Government efforts to improve public services such as health care and education may also spur gains.

The Chinese Construction industry accounted for approximately 20% of the nominal gross domestic product (GDP), contributing RMB 6,114 billion in 2008. The government stimulus package has helped to fuel growth in construction and infrastructure development. The government’s continued efforts to modernize the country’s infrastructure is exemplified by such massive projects as the South-North Water Diversion — designed to redirect water to the northern plains from Central and South China. This project, scheduled for completion in 2050, is expected to result in annual cement consumption of over one million metric tons.

China accounts for half of all new building activity in the world and rapid expansion is expected to continue to 2030 as up to 400 million citizens are expected to move into urban areas.

China’s Cement & Concrete Demand

In the last four months of 2009, the country's cement output rose 13 percent from the same period of 2008. The year to year growth was 3.1 percentage points larger than that of a year ago. “Demand for cement in China is forecast to rise 6.0 percent annually through 2012 to 1.8 billion metric tons. Growth will be driven by rising, but decelerating, construction expenditures in China. Further advances in cement manufacturing technology are also expected to help stimulate sales by improving the quality of the product. Blended cements are expected to account for about 90 percent of total sales in 2012, reflecting the versatility of these types across a range of construction applications, as well as their performance and/or price benefits over other types of cement. Regional cement markets reflect differences in construction expenditures, which in turn are driven by local trends in demographics, industrial output and economic activity. Central and Eastern China are expected to remain the largest cement market in China through 2012, fueled by increases in regional construction expenditures. However, the cement markets in Northwest and Southwest China are expected to grow at a faster pace, benefiting from the government’s Great Western Development strategy, which aims to promote investment in these areas. Consumption of cement in Central and Northern China is also expected to perform above the national average, supported by high levels of transportation infrastructure construction and booming urban markets in Beijing and Tianjin.” (from Business Wire).
 
 
 
7

 

Residential and non-residential buildings in China are increasingly requiring much more concrete due to, among other reasons, the short supply of wood. China is currently the largest consumption market of cement worldwide at over $200 billion annually. China’s cement consumption amounted to approximately 44% of global demand in 2008 and is expected to be greater than current combined consumption of India and the U.S. by 2010. At the present rate, it is presumed that China will continue to be an important player in the global construction materials marketplace for at least the next two decades.
 
As a result of the government stimulus package, the demand for cement and concrete is expected to be significantly increased in China in the following several years.

Demand for Ready-Mixed Concrete
 
Construction contractors are expected to continue to represent the largest market for cement, accounting for an estimated one-third of total demand in 2012. Economic downturns or reductions in government funding of infrastructure projects could significantly reduce our revenues. However, we believe that the ready-mix concrete market could exhibit the strongest growth in the cement industry, and could possibly have near double-digit gains through 2012. Gains are expected to benefit from government regulations banning on-site concrete and mortar mixing. Demand for cement used in concrete products is expected to be driven by the increasing popularity of precast concrete with many construction contractors. In addition, the phase-out of clay bricks will heighten demand for concrete blocks.  Recognizing the significant environmental impact created from the large-scale construction activities undertaken in the past few decades, China’s government implemented Decree #341 in 2004 which bans onsite concrete production in over 200 major cities across China in order to reduce environmental damage from onsite cement mixing and improve the quality of concrete used in construction.

Our Competitive Strengths

Our competition includes a number of state-owned and large private PRC-based manufacturers and distributors that produce and sell products similar to ours. We compete primarily on the basis of quality, technological innovation and price. Essentially all of the contracts on which we bid are awarded through a competitive bid process, with awards often being made to the lowest bidder, though other factors such as shorter schedules or prior experience with the customer are often just as important. Within our markets, we compete with many national, regional and local state-owned and private construction firms some of which have achieved greater market penetration or have greater financial and other resources than us. In addition, there are a number of larger national companies in our industry that could potentially establish a presence in our markets and compete with us for contracts. If we are unable to compete successfully in our markets, our relative market share and profits could be reduced.

We believe that the following competitive strengths enable us to compete effectively and to capitalize on the remaining growth potential of the market for construction materials in China:
 
 
  Large Scale Contractor Relationships. We have contracts with major construction contractors which are constructing key infrastructure, commercial and residential projects. Our sales efforts focus on large-scale projects and large customers which place large recurring orders and present less credit risk to us. For the year ended June 30, 2011, five customers accounted for approximately 19% of the Company’s sales and 18% of the Company’s account receivables as of June 30, 2011. Should we lose any of these customers in the future and are unable to obtain additional customers, our revenues will suffer.
 
  Experienced Management. Management’s technical knowledge and business relationships gives us the ability to secure major infrastructure projects, which provides us with leverage to acquire less sophisticated operators, increase production volumes, and implement quality standards and environmentally sensitive policies.  Significant turnover in our senior management could significantly deplete the institutional knowledge held by our existing senior management team.
 
 
 
8

 
 
 
Innovation Efforts. We strive to produce the most technically and scientifically advanced products for our customers and maintain close relationships with Tsinghua University, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology and Beijing Dongfang Jianyu Institute of Concrete Science & Technology which assist us with our research and development activities. During our 5 year agreement with the the Institute, we have realized an advantage over many of our competitors by gaining access to a wide array of resources and knowledge. $604,400 was paid under the agreement in the year ended June 30, 2011 to the Institute. The Company incurred research & development expenses $608,696 and $121,762 for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.
 
Our Growth Strategy

We are committed to enhancing profitability and cash flows through the following strategies:
 
Increasing Capacity Utilization or Capacity Expansion via Building New Plants. We increased capacity utilization at our four Beijing-based concrete plants significantly in Fiscal Year 2011 so that it may be difficult to achieve further efficiencies in Fiscal Year 2012 without adding additional plants in Beijing or in new locations. We also added nine and retired one portable station during the fiscal year 2011 in order to meet the requirements of existing contracts and anticipated demand. We may begin to selectively sell or retire portable plant assets in fiscal year 2012 contingent on slowing demand for railway construction with respect to extended suspension of new and ongoing high speed railway projects stemming from changing policy announcements from China’s Ministry of Rail and State Planning Commission.
 
Mergers and Acquisitions. When capital permits, we intend to capitalize on the challenges that smaller companies are encountering in our industry by acquiring complementary companies at favorable prices. We believe that buying rather than building capacity is an option that may be attractive to us if replacement costs are higher than purchase prices. We are currently looking into acquiring smaller concrete manufacturers in China as part of our expansion plans; further information will be reported when key details have been confirmed. No Letters-of-Intent have been entered into or specific targets identified at this time.
 
Vertical Integration. When capital permits, we plan to acquire smaller companies within the construction industry, develop more material recycling centers, and hire additional highly qualified employees. In order to accomplish this, we may be required to offer additional equity or debt securities. Certain of the companies we may seek to acquire are suppliers of the raw materials we purchase to manufacture our products. If we do acquire such companies we will have greater control over our raw material costs.
 
Supply Chain Efficiencies and Scale. We intend to streamline our supply chain process and leverage our economies of scale.
 
New Product Offering. We plan to produce a lightweight aggregate concrete for use in projects and to expand product offerings to include pre-cast concrete.

Our Operations

We provide materials and services through our network of ready-mixed concrete plants throughout Beijing (four as of June 30, 2011) and portable plants (twenty-four as of June 30, 2011) located in various provinces throughout China. We own one concrete plant and its related equipment, and we lease three additional plants in Beijing.  In addition, we have technical and preferred procurement agreements with three independently owned concrete mixture stations, pursuant to which we are paid by percentages of cost savings for technical support provided to clients and of sales price for projects we refer to other stations due to the geographical location of our owned and leased plants. Two of the technically serviced plants are located in Datong, Shaanxi and one in Mianyang, Sichuan.

Our manufacturing services are used primarily for our national high speed railway projects; almost all of our general contract contractors on the high speed railway projects supply the needed raw materials, which results in higher gross margins for us and reduces our upfront capital investments needed to purchase raw materials.
 
 
 
9

 

We also produce ready-mix concrete at portable plants, which can be dismantled and moved to new sites for new projects. The portable plants can be dismantled and moved to new sites in less than a few weeks. The plants are currently located between railway stations and each of these plants is directly tied to contracts we have recently won and are expected to operate near capacity. Almost all of our general contractors supply raw materials for the projects, which results in higher gross margins for the Company and reduces upfront capital investment on raw material purchase. The one time start up cost for each portable plant and associated equipment is approximately $3 million, with cost optimization initiatives underway to bring the average cost down below $2.5 million per plant. Each plant is capable of generating approximately $2 million in revenue per year.

Products and Services

As architectural designs have become more complex, challenging, and modern in scope, the need for technology driven companies to provide high-end specialty concrete mixtures has been rapidly accelerating. Increasing demand for state-of-the-art cement mixtures has spurred our technological innovation and our ability to provide advanced mixtures of building materials that meet project specific engineering and environmental specifications. We produce a range of C10 to C100 concrete materials and specialize in an array of specialized ready-mixed concretes tailored to each project’s technical specifications and environmental standards. Our High Speed Rail clients require our concrete products be held to 100 year strength and survivability standard as tested by the local Ministry of Construction authority.

We specialize in “ready-mixed concrete”, a concrete mixture made at our facility with complete computerized operating systems. Such concrete accounts for nearly three-fourths of all concrete produced. Ready-mixed concrete is mixed on demand and is shipped to worksites by concrete mixer trucks.
 
The ready-mixed concrete sector in the concrete market is growing at a fast rate, largely due to the Chinese government’s implementation of Decree #341 in 2004. This law bans on-site concrete production in over 200 cities across China, with the goal of reducing environmental damages from onsite concrete mixing and improving the quality of concrete used in construction. The use of ready-mix concrete minimizes worksite noise, dirt and congestion, and most additives used in ready-mix concrete are environmentally safe. Our goal is to continue to use at least 30% recyclable components in our concrete mixtures.

We are building a comprehensive product portfolio that serves the diverse needs of our developing customer base and its unique construction and infrastructure projects. While we mainly specialize in ready-mix concrete formulations from controlled low-strength material to high-strength concrete, each specifically formulated to meet the individual needs of each project. We provide both industry standard and highly innovative products, including:

Common Industry Mixtures
(Customized to Project)
 
Industry Leading Mixtures
Highly Technical Blends
     
Ready-mixed Concrete Blends: C10 to C100
 
Compound Admixture Concrete
         
Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM)
 
Lightweight Aggregate Concrete
         
High-Strength Concrete with Customized Fibers
 
Energy-saving Phase change thermostat concrete
         
Soil Cement, Unique Foundation Concrete
 
C100 High Performance Concrete
 
Our Customers

For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, we had three customers, whose sales accounted for more than 4% of our total sales. Five customers accounted for approximately 19% and 16% of the Company’s sales for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The total accounts receivable from these customers amounted to $14,445,649and $3,165,034 as of June 30, 2011 and 2010.

Developing New Relationships
 
 
 
10

 

Our business will be damaged if project contracts with the Chinese government, for which we may act as a sub-contractor are cancelled. Our sales strategy balances these risks focusing on building new long-term cooperative relationships with some of China’s top construction companies in order to benefit from their reputations and to enter new markets. Our sales representatives are actively building relationships with the Chinese government, general contractors, architects, engineers, and other potential sources of new business in our target markets. Our sales efforts are further supported by our executive officers and engineering personnel, who have substantial experience in the design, formulation and implementation of advanced construction and concrete materials projects.
 
Our Suppliers

We rely on third party suppliers of the raw materials to manufacture our products. Our top five suppliers accounted for approximately 18% and 27% of the Company’s purchases for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The total accounts payable to these suppliers amounted to $7,146,569 and $950,814 as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Sales and Marketing
 
Our marketing efforts are geared towards advancing China-ACMH as the supplier of choice for building China’s most modern and challenging projects. The Company is constantly seeking ways to raise its profile and leverage additional publicity. To this end, the Company plans to expand its presence at leading construction industry events and in periodicals to build on its successful reputation. The primary goal when expanding into new markets is to reinforce the sales effort by promoting positive testimonials and success stories from the Company’s strong base of high profile clients and projects.

Research and Development

Construction materials companies are under extreme pressure to respond quickly to industry demands with new designs and product innovations that support rapidly changing technical demand and regulatory requirements. We devote a substantial amount of attention to the research and development of advanced construction materials that meet the demands of project specific needs while striving to lead the industry in value, materials and processes. We have sophisticated in house R&D and testing facilities, a highly technical onsite team, access to highly specialized market research, cooperation with a leading research institution, experienced management and advisory board, and close relationships with leading concrete materials experts. Our research development expense was $608,696 in the year ended June 30, 2011 as compared to $121,762 for the year ended June 30, 2010.

University Relationships & Cooperation Agreements

We have strong relationships with Tsinghua University and the Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology. We have signed a ten-year cooperation agreement with Xi’an University on June 10, 2007 pursuant to which we expect to pay approximately $42,857 to Xi’an University per year and Xi’an University will set up a technical research center to conduct scientific research for the Company and work with the Company in the areas of technical development, engineering design and human resource training according to the Company’s business strategies and requirements. Xi’an University is a top university in the fields of building and material science research and education and works with the Company to follow the advancements of the cement and concrete industries globally.
  
Beijing Concrete Institute Partnership

The Beijing Dongfang Jianyu Institute of Concrete Science & Technology, or Beijing Concrete Institute, has 40 employees, with five senior research fellows, and 15 mid-level researchers. The Institute and its staff have participated and collaborated with national and local government agencies to establish the following industry standards:
 
Specification For Mix Proportion Design of Ordinary Concrete JGJ55-2000
Code for Acceptance of Constructional Quality Of Concrete Structures GB 50204-2002
Applied Technical Specification of Mineral Admixtures In Concrete DBJ/T01-64-2002
Ready-Mixed Concrete GB/T 14902-2003
Practice Code for Application of Ready-Mixed Mortar DBJ 01-99-2005
Management Specification of Quality for Ready-Mixed Concrete
 
 
 
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Technical Requirement for Environmental Labeling Products Ready-Mixed Concrete HJ/T412-2007
 
We have a close association with the Beijing Concrete Institute and have been able to incorporate many of these research findings into our operations, products, and procedures. We work closely with the institute and, in return for sponsoring multiple research initiatives, have been granted exclusive work space for the development of the materials used for our existing plants’ regional projects.

We are able to use the Research Findings & Technical Publication and Procedures of the Beijing Concrete Institute in our business, which provides us with an advantage over many of our competitors. Because of our five year exclusive contract with the institute, our competitors are unable to benefit from the same findings for commercial use. Some of these findings include:
 
Research on Compound Admixture HPC; 3rd Class Award for China Building Materials Science & Technology Progress.
Research and Application of C100 HPC; 3rd Class Award for Beijing Science & Technology Progress.
Research on pumping Light Aggregate Concrete; Innovation Award for China Building Materials Science & Technology.
Research and Application of Green (nontoxic) HPC; First Prize for Beijing Science & Technology Progress.
Construction Technology of HPC for the Capital International Airport
Research on Production and Construction Technology of Phase Change Energy-saving Thermostat Concrete and Mortar
Polycarboxylate Series High Performance Water Reducing Agent Compositing Technique
State Swimming Center for Concrete Cracking Control Technology
 
In addition, we are able to collaborate closely with the institute and its executives who play a strong role recommending industry standards, advising on major infrastructure developments, and creating and maintaining strong connections with leading developers, construction companies, and governmental officials.

Successful Innovations

Some of our more advanced products and processes developed through our relationships with research institutes and universities include:

C100 High Performance Concrete

High Strength Concrete is often defined as concrete with a compressive strength greater than 6000 psi (41 MPa). The primary difference between high-strength concrete and normal-strength concrete relates to the compressive strength that refers to the maximum resistance of a concrete sample to applied pressure. Manufacturing high-strength concrete involves making optimal use of the basic ingredients that constitute normal-strength concrete.

Through our collaborative efforts, we have developed a high performance concrete which can be produced at an impermeable grade above P35, and can be used as self-waterproofing concrete for structural engineering, as the water-cement (W/C) ratio and carbonized shrinking is minimal and the structure is close-grained.

Only a limited number of firms in the Beijing area have the expertise to produce C100 High Performance Concrete.

Compound Admixture Concrete

This compound mineral mixture is a composite of coal powder, mineral powder and mineral activators blended to specific proportions. This mixture improves activity, filling, and super-additive effects of the concrete and also improves the compatibility between cement and aggregate.
 
 
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Lightweight Aggregate Concrete & Innovative Pumping Technology

This procedure involves a pumping technology of lightweight aggregate. It is a pretreatment method of lightweight aggregate. Setting appropriate times and pressure, lightweight aggregate will reach an appropriate saturation state under pressure once it is put into a custom designed sealed pressure vessel. Lightweight aggregate concrete prepared using the above pretreatment method, will dry quicker under pumping pressure, and maintain consistency. Accordingly, lightweight aggregate concrete will be easily pumped which can shorten construction time.

Energy-saving Technologies of Phase Change Thermostat Concrete

Energy conservation concrete may adjust and reflect process temperature, and temperature self-control may solve cracking brought about by cement heat of hydration in large-scale concrete pours.

Polycarboxylate Series High Performance Water Reducing Agent Compositing Technique

The research and production of water reducing admixture would improve performance while lowering pollution and environmental impact. Super plasticizer Polycarboxylate series which reduces water requirements is an attractive additive in that it enables high strength concrete, super-strength concrete, high fluidity and super plasticizer concrete, and self-defense concrete. The water reduction of Polycarboxylate may reach 20% to 25%, which is higher than the Naphthaline water reducing agent, which is the current industry standard. The cost of the water reducing agent is competitve, and it may be used to prepare high strength and high performance concrete instead of Naphthaline.

Application of Reused Water in Concrete

The re-use of waste water of a concrete plant to mix concrete is significant as it can reduce production costs, minimize fresh water use and represent an efficient approach to address industrial waste. The practical application of this effort is a further step towards the goal of minimal pollution and emissions.

Our Competition
 
Our principal market, Beijing, has enjoyed stronger economic growth and a higher demand for construction than other regions of China. As a result, we believe that competitors will try to expand their sales and build up their distribution networks in our principal market. Our future success depends on our ability to establish and maintain a competitive position in the marketplace.
 
We compete primarily on the basis of quality, technological innovation and price. Our main competitors include Jiangong Shanggong Center, Jinyu Group Concrete, Zhuzong Shanggong Center and Zhonghang Konggang Concrete.

Essentially all of the contracts on which we bid are awarded through a competitive bid process, with awards generally being made to the lowest bidder, though other factors such as shorter schedules or prior experience with the customer are often just as important. Within our markets, we compete with many national, regional and local construction firms. Some of these competitors have achieved greater market penetration or have greater financial and other resources than we do. In addition, we compete with a number of state-owned enterprises, which have significantly greater financial resources than we do and which may have a competitive advantage over us.

There are approximately 163 concrete mixture stations in the Beijing area. The concrete production industry is highly segmented, with no single supplier having greater than a 10% market share.
 
Intellectual Property

We currently own the following intellectual property rights:

C100 High Performance Concrete: Patent #2007102011320
Lightweight Pre-Processing Method and Device: Patent#200710201131.6
Compound mineral mixture with: Patent #200710107881.7
 
 
 
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Lightweight Aggregate Pressure Pre-Heating Equipment: Utility Model# ZL200720200683.0

Environmental Matters
 
We are required to comply with environmental protection laws and regulations promulgated by the Ministry of Construction and the State Environmental Protection Administration. Some specific environmental regulations apply to sealed transportation of dust materials and final products, closed storage of sand and gravel, as well as reduction of noise and dust pollution on production sites and encouragement of the use of waste materials. The governmental regulatory authorities conduct periodic inspections. We have met all the requirements in the past inspections. We are one of ten companies in the industry that have been awarded the honor of “Green Concrete Producer” by the PRC government.

Regulation
 
The company has been in compliance with all registrations and requirements for the issuance and maintenance of all licenses and certificates required by the applicable governing authorities, including the Ministry of Construction and the Beijing Administration of Industry & Commerce. The Ministry of Construction awards Level II and Level III qualifications to concrete producers in the PRC construction industry, based on criteria such as production capacity, technical qualification, registered capital and capital equipment, as well as performance on past projects. Level II companies are licensed to produce concrete of all strength levels as well as special concretes, and Level III producers are licensed to produce concrete with strength level C60 and below. We are a Level II concrete producer.

Additionally, to make improvements at our currently existing plants, we do not need to apply for regulatory approval. However, in order to build a new concrete plant, we will need to (i) apply for a business license from the local Administration of Industry and Commerce, (ii) receive environmental approval from the local Environmental Protection Bureau in the relevant district area, and (iii) apply for an Industry Qualification Certificate from the local Municipal Construction Committee. The time estimated to receive each of these approvals is approximately one month. In the past, we have not been rejected by any of these three regulators for approval.
Our Labor Force
 
As of June 30, 2011, we employed 748 full-time employees. The following table sets forth the number of our full-time employees by function as of June 30, 2011.
 
Employees/Independent Contractors and their Functions
 
As of
June 30, 2011
 
             
Management & Administrative Staff
   
247
     
20.20
%
Sales
   
29
     
2.37
%
Technical & Engineering Staff
   
49
     
4.00
%
Production Staff
   
362
     
29.60
%
Equipment & Maintenance
   
46
     
3.76
%
Drivers & Heavy Equipment Operators
   
15
     
1.23
%
Sub-Total
   
748
     
61.16
%
Independent Contractors
   
475
     
38.84
%
Total
   
1223
     
100
%

As required by applicable PRC law, we have entered into employment contracts with all of our officers, managers and employees. We believe that we maintain a satisfactory working relationship with our employees and we have not experienced any significant labor disputes or any difficulty in recruiting staff for our operations.
 
In addition, we are required by PRC law to cover employees in China with various types of social insurance and believe that we are in material compliance with the relevant PRC laws.
 
 
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Insurance
 
We believe our insurance coverage is customary and standard of companies of comparable size in comparable industries in China.

REPORTS TO SECURITY HOLDERS
 
We are required to file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission and our filings are available to the public over the internet at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at http://www.sec.gov. The public may read and copy any materials filed by us with the Securities and Exchange Commission at the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street N.E. Washington D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the Securities and Exchange Commission at 1-800-732-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and formation statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, at http://www.sec.gov.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below, together with all of the other information included in this report, before making an investment decision. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could suffer. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.
 
RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS
 
Our plans to build additional plants and to improve and upgrade our internal control and management system will require capital expenditures in fiscal year 2012.

Our plans to build additional plants and to maintain and continually upgrade our internal control and management systems in line with our growing scale will require significant capital expenditures in fiscal year 2012. We may also need further funding for working capital, investments, potential acquisitions and joint ventures and other corporate requirements. We cannot assure you that cash generated from our operations will be sufficient to fund these development plans, or that our actual capital expenditures and investments will not significantly exceed our current planned amounts. If either of these conditions arises, we may have to seek external financing to satisfy our capital needs. Our ability to obtain external financing at reasonable costs is subject to a variety of uncertainties. Failure to obtain sufficient external funds for our development plans could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating performance.
 
Five customer orders consisted of 19% of the net sales of the Company for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, and the loss of any of these customers can result in a depressive effect on our net profit.

Our Company focuses on large projects for large Chinese customers. Five customers accounted for approximately 19% and 16% of the Company’s sales for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The total accounts receivable from these customers amounted to $14,238,969 and $3,165,034 as of June 30, 2011 and 2010. Should we lose any of these customers in the future and are unable to obtain additional customers, our revenues will decrease.

Our business is subject to the risk of supplier concentration.

Our top five suppliers provide approximately 18% of the sourcing of the raw materials for our concrete production business. As a result of this concentration in our supply chain, our business and operations would be negatively affected if any of our key suppliers were to experience significant disruption affecting the price, quality, availability or timely delivery of their products. The partial or complete loss of one of these suppliers, or a significant adverse change in our relationship with any of these suppliers, could result in lost revenue, added costs and distribution delays that could harm our business and customer relationships. In addition, concentration in our supply chain can exacerbate our exposure to risks associated with the termination by key suppliers of our distribution agreements or any adverse change in the terms of such agreements, which could have an adverse impact on our revenues and profitability.

We may experience major accidents in the course of our operations, which may cause significant property damage and personal injuries.
 
 
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Significant industry-related accidents and natural disasters may cause interruptions to various parts of our operations, or could result in property or environmental damage, increase in operating expenses or loss of revenue. The occurrence of such accidents and the resulting consequences may not be covered adequately, or at all, by the insurance policies we carry. In accordance with customary practice in China, we do not carry any business interruption insurance or third party liability insurance for personal injury or environmental damage arising from accidents on our property or relating to our operations other than our automobiles. Losses or payments incurred may have a material adverse effect on our operating performance if such losses or payments are not fully insured.

Our planned expansion and technical improvement projects could be delayed or adversely affected by, among other things, failures to receive regulatory approvals, difficulties in obtaining sufficient financing, technical difficulties, or human or other resource constraints.

We intend to expand new production facilities during the next few years. The costs projected for our planned expansion and technical improvement projects and expansion may exceed those originally contemplated. Costs savings and other economic benefits expected from these projects may not materialize as a result of any such project delays, cost overruns or changes in market circumstances.

To make improvements at our currently existing plants, we do not need to apply for regulatory approval. However, in order to build a new concrete plant, we will need to (i) apply for a business license from the local Administration of Industry and Commerce, (ii) apply for an Industry Qualification Certificate from the local Municipal Construction Committee, and (iii) receive environmental approval from the local Environmental Protection Bureau in the relevant district area. There is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain these regulatory approvals in a timely manner or at all.
 
Additionally, in order to construct a new concrete plant, we may need to apply for a short term loan from a local commercial bank to be used for working capital. Because the lending policies of the local commercial banks are subject to change, there is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain approval for such a loan with conditions favorable to us in a timely manner or at all.
 
Failure to obtain intended economic benefits from these new plants and technical improvements projects, either due to cost overruns, our failure to obtain the necessary regulatory approvals or our failure to obtain necessary loan financing on terms favorable to us could adversely affect our business, financial condition and operating performances.

We cannot assure you that our growth strategy will be successful.

One of our strategies is to grow through increasing the distribution and sales of our products by penetrating existing markets in China and entering new geographic markets in China. However, many obstacles to entering such new markets exist including, but not limited to, competition from established companies in such existing markets in the China. We cannot, therefore, assure you that we will be able to successfully overcome such obstacles and establish our products in any additional markets. Our inability to implement this growth strategy successfully may have a negative impact on our growth, future financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

If we fail to effectively manage our growth and expand our operations, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be adversely affected.

Our future success depends on our ability to expand our business to address growth in demand for our products and services. In order to maximize potential growth in our current and potential markets, we believe that we must expand our manufacturing and marketing operations. Our ability to accomplish these goals is subject to significant risks and uncertainties, including:
 
the need for additional funding to construct additional manufacturing facilities, which we may be unable to obtain on reasonable terms or at all;
delays and cost overruns as a result of a number of factors, many of which may be beyond our control, such as problems with equipment vendors and manufacturing services provided by third-party manufacturers or subcontractors;
our receipt of any necessary government approvals or permits that may be required to expand our operations in a timely manner or at all;
diversion of significant management attention and other resources; and
failure to execute our expansion plan effectively.

 
 
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To accommodate our growth, we will need to implement a variety of new and upgraded operational and financial systems, procedures, and controls, including improvements to our accounting and other internal management systems, by dedicating additional resources to our reporting and accounting function, and improvements to our record keeping and contract tracking system. We will also need to recruit more personnel and train and manage our growing employee base. Furthermore, our management will be required to maintain and expand our relationships with our existing customers and find new customers for our services. There is no guarantee that our management can succeed in maintaining and expanding these relationships.

If we encounter any of the risks described above, or if we are otherwise unable to establish or successfully operate additional capacity or increase our output, we may be unable to grow our business and revenues, reduce our operating costs, maintain our competitiveness or improve our profitability and, consequently, our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects will be adversely affected.
 
If we are unable to accurately estimate the overall risks or costs associated with a project on which we are bidding on, we may achieve a profit lower than anticipated or even incur a loss on the contract.

Substantially all of our revenues and contract backlog are typically derived from fixed unit price contracts. Fixed unit price contracts require us to perform the contract for a fixed unit price irrespective of our actual costs. As a result, we realize a profit on these contracts only if we successfully estimate our costs and then successfully control actual costs and avoid cost overruns. If our cost estimates for a contract are inaccurate, or if we do not execute the contract within our cost estimates, then cost overruns may cause the contract not to be as profitable as we expected, or may cause us to incur losses. This, in turn, could negatively affect our cash flow, earnings and financial position.

The costs incurred and gross profit realized on those contracts can vary, sometimes substantially, from the original projections due to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to:
 
onsite conditions that differ from those assumed in the original bid;
delays caused by weather conditions;
later contract start dates than expected when we bid the contract;
contract modifications creating unanticipated costs not covered by change orders;
changes in availability, proximity and costs of materials, including steel, concrete, aggregate and other construction materials (such as stone, gravel and sand), as well as fuel and lubricants for our equipment;
availability and skill level of workers in the geographic location of a project;
our suppliers’ or subcontractors’ failure to perform;
fraud or theft committed by our employees;
mechanical problems with our machinery or equipment;
citations issued by governmental authorities
difficulties in obtaining required governmental permits or approvals;
changes in applicable laws and regulations; and
claims or demands from third parties alleging damages arising from our work or from the project of which our work is part.

Economic downturns or reductions in government funding of infrastructure projects could significantly reduce our revenues.

Our business is highly dependent on the amount of infrastructure work funded by various governmental entities, which, in turn, depends on the overall condition of the economy, the need for new or replacement infrastructure, the priorities placed on various projects funded by governmental entities and national or local government spending levels. Decreases in government funding of infrastructure projects could decrease the number of civil construction contracts available and limit our ability to obtain new contracts, which could reduce our revenues and profits.

The worldwide recession and credit crisis could impact our business.
 
The tightening of credit in financial markets and the general economic downturn could adversely affect the ability of our customers, and suppliers to obtain the financing they need to make purchases from us, to perform their obligations under agreements with us or even to continue their operations. The credit tightening and decreased cash availability could also result in an increase in cancellation of orders for our products and services and/or a decrease in demand for our products and services in the markets in which we operate. While we believe that the effects of the recession and credit crisis have abated, we are unable to predict potential future economic conditions and disruptions in financial markets or their effect on our business and results of operations, but the consequences may be materially adverse.
 
 
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Our concrete production plants in Beijing may be subject to a general city rezoning plan which, if implemented in the future, may require us to relocate or possibly permanently shut down certain of  these plants.
 
Certain of our concrete production plants in Beijing may be subject to a general city rezoning plan which has been prepared by the Beijing municipal government. Under the rezoning plan, it is intended that the properties where these plants are located will be rezoned from industrial to commercial use. If and when implemented in respect of those properties, the rezoning plan may require us to vacate these properties and relocate the plants. In the event we are required to vacate the above properties, we would implement certain strategies to minimize any loss of production capacity during relocation. There can be no assurance that our strategies to deal with the relocation of the facilities can be implemented, or that such strategies can be implemented before we are required to vacate the above properties due to the proposed general city rezoning plan. If we are required to relocate the facilities, our results of operation and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected.

Delays in government funding of high-speed railway projects by the State Planning Commission and the Chinese Ministry of Railways could significantly reduce our revenues.

In response to a high-speed railway crash in Zhejiang province on July 23, 2011, the State Planning Commission announced on August 10, 2011 and subsequently the Chinese Ministry of Railways announced that it was suspending approvals indefinitely for new rail projects until a comprehensive safety check on existing rail lines could be completed (http://www.prcgov.org/meet/meetings-content-61.html).

Our contracts with respect to construction and expansion of China’s high speed rail system accounted for approximately 18.6% of our revenues for the year ended June 30, 2011.  Accordingly, any project delays or cancellation of existing contracts would have a significant adverse affect on our results of operations.  In addition, the cancellation of future projects for which we would have submitted a bid to provide our services could delay further growth of our Company and adversely affect our business operations.

Our exposure to financially troubled customers or suppliers could harm our business, financial condition and operating results.
 
We provide manufacturing services to companies, and rely on suppliers, that have in the past and may in the future experience financial difficulty, particularly in light of recent conditions in the credit markets and the overall economy that affected access to capital and liquidity. As a result, we devote significant resources to monitor receivables and inventory balances with certain of our customers. If our customers experience financial difficulty, we could have difficulty recovering amounts owed to us from these customers, or demand for our services from these customers could decline.  In fact, our provision for doubtful accounts, as a percentage of our overall accounts receivable, has increased from approximately 1.2% as of June 30, 2010, to approximately 6.6% as of June 30, 2011.  The inability to collect on our outstanding accounts receivable could adversely affect our operating cash flows and reduce our working capital.  As a result, we may suffer material write-offs on our accounts receivable to bad debt expense.  The inability of our suppliers to supply us with needed raw material could adversely affect our production process and therefore, we may not be able to fulfill our contract arrangements with customers.
 
We rely on internal models to manage risk, to provide accounting estimates and to make other business decisions. Our results could be adversely affected if those models do not provide reliable estimates or predictions of future activity.
 
We rely heavily on internal models in making a variety of decisions crucial to the successful operation of our business, including allowances for doubtful accounts and other accounting estimates. It is therefore important that our models are accurate, and any failure in this regard could have a material adverse effect on our results. Models are inherently imperfect predictors of actual results because they are based on historical data available to us and our assumptions about factors such as credit demand, payment rates, default rates, delinquency rates and other factors that may overstate or understate future experience. Our models could produce unreliable results for a number of reasons, including the limitations of historical data to predict results due to unprecedented events or circumstances, invalid or incorrect assumptions underlying the models, the need for manual adjustments in response to rapid changes in economic conditions, incorrect coding of the models, incorrect data being used by the models or inappropriate application of a model to products or events outside of the model's intended use. In particular, models are less dependable when the economic environment is outside of historical experience, as has been the case recently. Due to the factors described above and in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations", we may, among other things, experience actual charge-offs that exceed our estimates and which are possibly greater than our allowance for doubtful accounts, or which require material adjustments to the allowance. Unanticipated and excessive default and charge-off experience can adversely affect our profitability and financial condition and adversely affect our ability to finance our business.
 
 
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Our business will be damaged if project contracts with the Chinese government, for which we may act as a sub-contractor are cancelled.

We do not enter into any contracts directly with the Chinese government. For contracts that are funded by the Chinese government, we place bids and enter into subcontracts with the private entity prime contractor. A sudden cancellation of a prime contract, and in turn our subcontract, could cause our equipment and work crews to remain idle for a significant period of time until other comparable work becomes available. This idle time could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Our industry is highly competitive, with numerous larger companies with greater resources competing with us, and our failure to compete effectively could reduce the number of new contracts awarded to us or adversely affect our margins on contracts awarded.

Our competition includes a number of state-owned and large private PRC-based manufacturers and distributors that produce and sell products similar to ours. We compete primarily on the basis of quality, technological innovation and price. Essentially all of the contracts on which we bid are awarded through a competitive bid process, with awards generally being made to the lowest bidder, though other factors such as shorter schedules or prior experience with the customer are often just as important. Within our markets, we compete with many national, regional and local state-owned and private construction firms. Some of these competitors have achieved greater market penetration or have greater financial and other resources than us. In addition, there are a number of larger national companies in our industry that could potentially establish a presence in our markets and compete with us for contracts. As a result, we may need to accept lower contract margins in order to compete against these competitors. If we are unable to compete successfully in our markets, our relative market share and profits could be reduced.

We could face increased competition in our principal market.
 
Our principal market, Beijing, has enjoyed stronger economic growth and a higher demand for construction than other regions of China. As a result, we believe that competitors will try to expand their sales and build up their distribution networks in our principal market. We anticipate that this trend will continue and likely accelerate. Increased competition may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Our dependence on subcontractors and suppliers of materials could increase our costs and impair our ability to compete on contracts on a timely basis or at all, which would adversely affect our profits and cash flow.
 
We rely on third-party subcontractors to perform some of the work on many of our contracts. We do not bid on contracts unless we have the necessary subcontractors committed for the anticipated scope of the contract and at prices that we have included in our bid. Therefore, to the extent that we cannot obtain third-party subcontractors, our profits and cash flow will suffer.
 
We may be exposed to liabilities under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and any determination that we violated the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or Chinese anti-corruption law could have a material adverse effect on our business.

We are subject to the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act, or FCPA, and other laws that prohibit improper payments or offers of payments to foreign governments and their officials and political parties by U.S. persons and issuers as defined by the statute for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Chinese anti-corruption law also strictly prohibits bribery of government officials. We have operations, agreements with third parties and make sales in China, where corruption may occur. Our activities in China create the risk of unauthorized payments or offers of payments by one of the employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors of our Company, even though these parties are not always subject to our control. It is our policy to implement safeguards to prevent these practices by our employees. However, our existing safeguards and any future improvements may prove to be less than effective, and the employees, consultants, sales agents or distributors of our Company may engage in conduct for which we might be held responsible. Violations of the FCPA or other anti-corruption laws may result in severe criminal or civil sanctions, and we may be subject to other liabilities, which could negatively affect our business, operating results and financial condition. In addition, the United States government may seek to hold our Company liable for successor liability FCPA violations committed by companies in which we invest or that we acquire.

We depend heavily on key personnel, and turnover of key employees and senior management could harm our business.
 
 
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Our future business and results of operations depend in significant part upon the continued contributions of our key technical and senior management personnel, including Xianfu Han, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and Weili He, our Vice-Chairman and Chief Operating Officer. They also depend in significant part upon our ability to attract and retain additional qualified management, technical, operational and support personnel for our operations. If we lose a key employee, if a key employee fails to perform in his or her current position, or if we are not able to attract and retain skilled employees as needed, our business could suffer. Significant turnover in our senior management could significantly deplete the institutional knowledge held by our existing senior management team. We depend on the skills and abilities of these key employees in managing the reclamation, technical, and marketing aspects of our business, any part of which could be harmed by turnover in the future.

Certain of our existing stockholders have substantial influence over our company, and their interests may not be aligned with the interests of our other stockholders.
 
Our Chairman, Xianfu Han, owns approximately 32.49% of our outstanding voting securities and our Vice-Chairman, Weili He, owns approximately 16.98% of our outstanding voting securities as of June 30, 2011 in a fully diluted share base. As a result, each have significant influence over our business, including decisions regarding mergers, consolidations, liquidations and the sale of all or substantially all of our assets, election of directors and other significant corporate actions. This concentration of ownership may also have the effect of discouraging, delaying or preventing a future change of control, which could deprive our stockholders of an opportunity to receive a premium for their shares as part of a sale of our company and might reduce the price of our shares.
 
We may require additional capital and we may not be able to obtain it on acceptable terms or at all.

We may require additional cash resources due to changed business conditions or other future developments, including any investments or acquisitions we may decide to pursue. If our resources are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek to sell additional equity or debt securities or obtain additional credit facilities. The sale of additional equity securities could result in dilution to our stockholders. The incurrence of indebtedness would result in increased debt service obligations and could require us to agree to operating and financing covenants that would restrict our operations. Our ability to obtain additional capital on acceptable terms is subject to a variety of uncertainties, including:
 
investors’ perception of, and demand for, securities of Chinese-based companies involved in construction supply or concrete industries;
conditions of the U.S. and other capital markets in which we may seek to raise funds;
our future results of operations, financial condition and cash flows; and
economic, political and other conditions in China.

Financing may not be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all. Any failure by us to raise additional funds on terms favorable to us, or at all, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We may be exposed to potential risks relating to our internal controls over financial reporting and our ability to have those controls attested to by our independent auditors for the year ending June 30, 2012, in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

As directed by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 or SOX 404, the SEC adopted rules requiring public companies to include a report of management on the company’s internal controls over financial reporting in their annual reports. We were subject to management attestation report for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, and a report of our management for the 2011 fiscal year is included under Item 9A of this annual report certifying the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting. Under current law, the auditor attestation will not be required as long as our filing status remains as a smaller reporting company. However, due to expected continued growth of our Company, we we may no longer be a smaller reporting company in the future years. Accordingly, while our management has determined that our internal controls over financial reporting were effective as of June 30, 2011, if we are unable to scale our financial reporting and accounting systems to our growth, we may not be able to maintain the effectiveness of those controls and, therefore, we can provide no assurance that in the future our management will be able to certify the effectiveness of our internal controls or that, if and when we are subject to the auditor attestation report requirement, we will receive a positive attestation from our independent auditors. In the event we identify significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in our internal controls that we cannot remediate in a timely manner, or we are unable to receive a positive attestation from our independent auditors with respect to our internal controls, investors and others may lose confidence in the reliability of our financial statements, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock.
 
 
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We have limited insurance coverage for our operations in China.
 
The insurance industry in China is still at an early stage of development. Insurance companies in China offer limited insurance products. We have determined that the risks of disruption or liability from our business, the loss or damage to our property, including our facilities, equipment and office furniture, the cost of insuring for these risks, and the difficulties associated with acquiring such insurance on commercially reasonable terms make it impractical for us to have such insurance. As a result, we do not have any business liability, disruption, litigation or property insurance coverage for our operations in China except for insurance on some company owned vehicles. Any uninsured occurrence of loss or damage to property, or litigation or business disruption may result in the incurrence of substantial costs and the diversion of resources, which could have an adverse effect on our operating results.

We may not be current in our payment of social insurance and housing accumulation fund for our employees and such shortfall may expose us to relevant administrative penalties.

The PRC laws and regulations require all employers in China to fully contribute their own portion of the social insurance premium and housing accumulation fund for their employees within a certain period of time. Failure to do so may expose the employers to make rectification for the accrued premium and fund by the relevant labor authority. Also, an administrative fine may be imposed on the employers as well as the key management members. As of June 30, 2011, Xin Ao has fully contributed the social insurance premium and housing accumulation fund according to PRC laws and regulations. 
 
Our operations may incur substantial liabilities to comply with environmental laws and regulations.

Our concrete manufacturing operations are subject to laws and regulations relating to the release or disposal of materials into the environment or otherwise relating to environmental protection. Applicable law required that we obtain an environmental impact report and environmental approval from the environmental protection administration prior to obtaining the business license and construction enterprise qualification certificate for Xin Ao. However, the local administration of industry and commerce and the Beijing Municipal Construction Commission did not require Xin Ao to provide the environmental impact report and environmental approval, and Xin Ao has not received any notice of non-compliance nor has any fine or other penalty been assessed. However, the environmental protection administration may in the future require that Xin Ao provide the applicable report and apply for the required environment approval. Our failure to have complied with the applicable laws regarding delivery of the report may result in the assessment of administrative, civil and criminal penalties, the incurrence of investigatory or remedial obligations and the imposition of injunctive relief. Resolution of these matters may require considerable management time and expense. In addition, changes in environmental laws and regulations occur frequently and any changes that result in more stringent or costly manufacturing, storage, transport, disposal or cleanup requirements could require us to make significant expenditures to reach and maintain compliance and may otherwise have a material adverse effect on our industry in general and on our own results of operations, competitive position or financial condition.
 
Our investments may be risky, and we could lose all or part of our investment.
 
We invest excess cash in liquid investments. During the year ended June 30, 2011, we made a RMB 79,000,000 ($12,221,300) short-term investment. While the interest payments on the investment are guaranteed, and the investment is not subject to market fluctuations, the funds deposited with financial investment company are not insured. If the financial investment company experiences financial difficulty, we could lose all or part of our investment. To the extent that we lose money on this investment, our financial condition could be adversely affected.
 
RISKS RELATED TO DOING BUSINESS IN CHINA

In order to comply with PRC regulatory requirements, we operate our businesses through companies with which we have contractual relationships but in which we do not have controlling ownership. If the PRC government determines that our agreements with these companies are not in compliance with applicable regulations, our business in the PRC could be materially adversely affected.
 
We do not have direct or indirect equity ownership of our variable interest entity, or VIE, Xin Ao, which operates all our businesses in China. At the same time, however, we have entered into contractual arrangements with Xin Ao and its individual owners pursuant to which we received an economic interest in, and exert a controlling influence over Xin Ao, in a manner substantially similar to a controlling equity interest.
 
Although we believe that our current business operations are in compliance with the current laws in China, we cannot be sure that the PRC government would view our operating arrangements to be in compliance with PRC regulations that may be adopted in the future. There have been recent reports of potential PRC government efforts to regulate or perhaps limit the use of VIE structures for new foreign investment, particularly in the internet and other telecommunications industries. We are monitoring developments in this area and do not believe any adverse impact on our operations is likely.
 
 
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If we are determined not to be in compliance with future PRC regulations, the PRC government could levy fines, revoke our business and operating licenses, require us to discontinue or restrict our operations, restrict our right to collect revenues, require us to restructure our business, corporate structure or operations, impose additional conditions or requirements with which we may not be able to comply, impose restrictions on our business operations or on our customers, or take other regulatory or enforcement actions against us that could be harmful to our business. As a result, our business in the PRC could be materially adversely affected.
 
We rely on contractual arrangements with our VIE for our operations, which may not be as effective in providing control over these entities as direct ownership.
 
Our operations and financial results are dependent on our VIE, Xin Ao, in which we have no equity ownership interest and must rely on contractual arrangements to control and operate the businesses of our VIE. These contractual arrangements are not as effective in providing control over the VIE as direct ownership. For example, the VIE may be unwilling or unable to perform its contractual obligations under our commercial agreements. Consequently, we would not be able to conduct our operations in the manner currently planned. In addition, the VIE may seek to renew its agreements on terms that are disadvantageous to us. Although we have entered into a series of agreements that provide us with substantial ability to control the VIE, we may not succeed in enforcing our rights under them insofar as our contractual rights and legal remedies under PRC law are inadequate. In addition, if we are unable to renew these agreements on favorable terms when these agreements expire or enter into similar agreements with other parties, our business may not be able to operate or expand, and our operating expenses may significantly increase.

If we become directly subject to the recent scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity involving certain U.S.-listed Chinese companies, we may have to expend significant resources to investigate and resolve the matter which could harm our business operations, stock price and reputation and could result in a loss of your investment in our stock, especially if such matter cannot be addressed and resolved quickly.

Recently, U.S. public companies that have substantially all of their operations in China, particularly companies like us which have completed so-called reverse merger transactions, have been the subject of intense scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity by investors, short sellers, financial commentators and regulatory agencies, such as the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.   Much of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity has centered around financial and accounting irregularities and mistakes, a lack of effective internal controls over financial accounting, inadequate corporate governance policies or a lack of adherence thereto and, in many cases, allegations of fraud.  As a result of the scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity, the publicly traded stock of many U.S. listed Chinese companies has sharply decreased in value and, in some cases, has become virtually worthless.  Many of these companies are now subject to shareholder lawsuits, SEC enforcement actions and are conducting internal and external investigations into the allegations.  It is not clear what affect this sector-wide scrutiny, criticism and negative publicity will have on our company, our business and our stock price.  If we become the subject of any unfavorable allegations, whether such allegations are proven to be true or untrue, we will have to expend significant resources to investigate such allegations and/or defend our company.  This situation could be costly and time consuming and distract our management from growing our company.  If such allegations are not proven to be groundless, our company and business operations will be severely impacted and your investment in our stock could be rendered worthless.

Adverse changes in political and economic policies of the PRC government could impede the overall economic growth of China, which could reduce the demand for our products and damage our business.

We conduct all of our operations and generate all of our revenue in China. Accordingly, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects are affected significantly by economic, political and legal developments in China. The PRC economy differs from the economies of most developed countries in many respects, including:

the higher level of government involvement;
the early stage of development of the market-oriented sector of the economy;
the rapid growth rate;
the higher level of control over foreign exchange; and
the allocation of resources.
 
 
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As the PRC economy has been transitioning from a planned economy to a more market-oriented economy, the PRC government has implemented various measures to encourage economic growth and guide the allocation of resources. While these measures may benefit the overall PRC economy, they may also have a negative effect on us.

Although the PRC government has in recent years implemented measures emphasizing the utilization of market forces for economic reform, the PRC government continues to exercise significant control over economic growth in China through the allocation of resources, controlling payment of foreign currency-denominated obligations, setting monetary policy and imposing policies that impact particular industries or companies in different ways.

Any adverse change in the economic conditions or government policies in China could have a material adverse effect on the overall economic growth and the level of new construction investments and expenditures in China, which in turn could lead to a reduction in demand for our services and consequently have a material adverse effect on our business and prospects.

Uncertainties with respect to the PRC legal system could limit the legal protections available to you and us.
 
We conduct substantially all of our business through our operating subsidiary in the PRC. Our operating subsidiaries are generally subject to laws and regulations applicable to foreign investments in China and, in particular, laws applicable to foreign-invested enterprises. The PRC legal system is based on written statutes, and prior court decisions may be cited for reference but have limited precedential value. Since 1979, a series of new PRC laws and regulations have significantly enhanced the protections afforded to various forms of foreign investments in China. However, since the PRC legal system continues to rapidly evolve, the interpretations of many laws, regulations and rules are not always uniform and enforcement of these laws, regulations and rules involve uncertainties, which may limit legal protections available to you and us. In addition, any litigation in China may be protracted and result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. In addition, all of our executive officers and all of our directors are residents of China and not of the United States, and substantially all the assets of these persons are located outside the United States. As a result, it could be difficult for investors to affect service of process in the United States or to enforce a judgment obtained in the United States against our Chinese operations and subsidiaries.

The PRC government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities.
 
The PRC government has exercised and continues to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. Our ability to operate in China may be harmed by changes in its laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, import and export tariffs, environmental regulations, land use rights, property and other matters. We believe that our operations in China are in material compliance with all applicable legal and regulatory requirements. However, the central or local governments of the jurisdictions in which we operate may impose new, stricter regulations or interpretations of existing regulations that would require additional expenditures and efforts on our part to ensure our compliance with such regulations or interpretations.

Accordingly, government actions in the future, including any decision not to continue to support recent economic reforms and to return to a more centrally planned economy or regional or local variations in the implementation of economic policies, could have a significant effect on economic conditions in China or particular regions thereof and could require us to divest ourselves of any interest we then hold in Chinese properties or joint ventures.
 
A slowdown or other adverse developments in the PRC economy may materially and adversely affect our customers, demand for our services and our business.
 
We are a holding company. All of our operations are conducted in the PRC and all of our revenues are generated from sales in the PRC. Although the PRC economy has grown significantly in recent years, we cannot assure you that such growth will continue. A slowdown in overall economic growth, an economic downturn or recession or other adverse economic developments in the PRC may materially reduce the demand for new construction projects and adversely affect our business.

Restrictions on currency exchange may limit our ability to receive and use our sales revenue effectively.
 
Most of our sales revenue and expenses are denominated in RMB. Under PRC law, the RMB is currently convertible under the “current account,” which includes dividends and trade and service-related foreign exchange transactions, but not under the “capital account,” which includes foreign direct investment and loans. Currently, our PRC operating subsidiary may purchase foreign currencies for settlement of current account transactions, including payments of dividends to us, without the approval of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, the relevant PRC government authorities may limit or eliminate our ability to purchase foreign currencies in the future. Since a significant amount of our future revenue will be denominated in RMB, any existing and future restrictions on currency exchange may limit our ability to utilize revenue generated in RMB to fund our business activities outside China that are denominated in foreign currencies.
 
 
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Foreign exchange transactions by PRC operating subsidiaries under the capital account continue to be subject to significant foreign exchange controls and require the approval of or need to register with PRC government authorities, including SAFE. In particular, if our PRC operating subsidiaries borrow foreign currency through loans from us or other foreign lenders, these loans must be registered with SAFE, and if we finance the subsidiaries by means of additional capital contributions, these capital contributions must be approved by certain government authorities, including the Ministry of Commerce, or MOFCOM, or their respective local counterparts. These limitations could affect their ability to obtain foreign exchange through debt or equity financing.

Failure to comply with PRC regulations relating to the establishment of offshore special purpose companies by PRC residents may subject our PRC resident stockholders to personal liability, limit our ability to acquire PRC companies or to inject capital into our PRC subsidiaries, limit our PRC subsidiaries' ability to distribute profits to us or otherwise materially adversely affect us.

In October 2005, the PRC State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, issued the Notice on Relevant Issues in the Foreign Exchange Control over Financing and Return Investment Through Special Purpose Companies by Residents Inside China, generally referred to as Circular 75, which required PRC residents to register with the competent local SAFE branch (1) before they establish or gain control of an overseas special purpose vehicle, or SPV, for the purpose of overseas equity financing (including convertible debt financing); (2) when they contribute their assets or equity interests in a domestic enterprise to an SPV or engage in overseas financing after contributing assets or equity interests to an SPV; and (3) when their SPV undergoes a material change outside of China, such as a change in share capital or merger or acquisition. Failure to comply with the requirements of Circular 75, as applied by SAFE in accordance with Notice 106, may result in fines and other penalties under PRC laws for evasion of applicable foreign exchange restrictions. Any such failure could also result in the SPV's subsidiaries being impeded or prevented from distributing their profits and the proceeds from any reduction in capital, share transfer or liquidation to the SPV, or from engaging in other transfers of funds into or out of China.

We have asked our stockholders, who are PRC residents as defined in Circular 75, to register with the relevant branch of SAFE, as currently required, in connection with their equity interests in us and our acquisitions of equity interests in our PRC subsidiaries. Our PRC Residents stockholders, Mr. Han and Mr. He have obtained the SAFE registration on September 29, 2007. However, we cannot provide any assurances that they have made all necessary amendments to their registration to fully comply with, all applicable registrations or approvals required by Circular 75. Moreover, because of uncertainty over how Circular 75 will be interpreted and implemented, and how or whether SAFE will apply it to us, we cannot predict how it will affect our business operations or future strategies. For example, our present and prospective PRC subsidiaries' ability to conduct foreign exchange activities, such as the remittance of dividends and foreign currency-denominated borrowings, may be subject to compliance with Circular 75 by our PRC resident beneficial holders.
 
In addition, such PRC residents may not always be able to complete the necessary registration procedures required by Circular 75. We also have little control over either our present or prospective direct or indirect stockholders or the outcome of such registration procedures. A failure by our PRC resident beneficial holders or future PRC resident stockholders to comply with Circular 75, if SAFE requires it, could subject these PRC resident beneficial holders to fines or legal sanctions, restrict our overseas or cross-border investment activities, limit our subsidiaries' ability to make distributions or pay dividends or affect our ownership structure, which could adversely affect our business and prospects.

We may be unable to complete a business combination transaction efficiently or on favorable terms due to complicated merger and acquisition regulations implemented on September 8, 2006.
 
The recent PRC Regulation on Mergers and Acquisitions of Domestic Companies by Foreign Investors also governs the approval process by which a PRC company may participate in an acquisition of its assets or its equity interests. Depending on the structure of the transaction, the new regulation will require the Chinese parties to make a series of applications and supplemental applications to the government agencies. In some instances, the application process may require the presentation of economic data concerning a transaction, including appraisals of the target business and evaluations of the acquirer, which are designed to allow the government to assess the transaction. Government approvals will have expiration dates by which a transaction must be completed and reported to the government agencies. Compliance with the new regulations is likely to be more time consuming and expensive than in the past and the government can now exert more control over the combination of two businesses. Accordingly, due to the new regulation, our ability to engage in business combination transactions has become significantly more complicated, time consuming and expensive, and we may not be able to negotiate a transaction that is acceptable to our stockholders or sufficiently protect their interests in a transaction.
 
 
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The new regulation allows PRC government agencies to assess the economic terms of a business combination transaction. Parties to a business combination transaction may have to submit to MOFCOM and the other government agencies an appraisal report, an evaluation report and the acquisition agreement, all of which form part of the application for approval, depending on the structure of the transaction. The regulations also prohibit a transaction at an acquisition price obviously lower than the appraised value of the Chinese business or assets and in certain transaction structures, require that consideration must be paid within defined periods, generally not in excess of a year. The regulation also limits our ability to negotiate various terms of the acquisition, including aspects of the initial consideration, contingent consideration, holdback provisions, indemnification provisions and provisions relating to the assumption and allocation of assets and liabilities. Transaction structures involving trusts, nominees and similar entities are prohibited. Therefore, such regulation may impede our ability to negotiate and complete a business combination transaction on financial terms that satisfy our investors and protect our stockholders’ economic interests.

Fluctuations in exchange rates could adversely affect our business and the value of our securities.
 
The value of our common stock will be indirectly affected by the foreign exchange rate between U.S. dollars and RMB and between those currencies and other currencies in which our sales may be denominated. Because substantially all of our earnings and cash assets are denominated in RMB, fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the RMB will affect our balance sheet and our earnings per share in U.S. dollars. In addition, appreciation or depreciation in the value of the RMB relative to the U.S. dollar would affect our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business or results of operations. Fluctuations in the exchange rate will also affect the relative value of any dividend we issue that will be exchanged into U.S. dollars and earnings from, and the value of, any U.S. dollar-denominated investments we make in the future.
 
Since July 2005, the RMB has no longer been pegged to the U.S. dollar. Although the People’s Bank of China regularly intervenes in the foreign exchange market to prevent significant short-term fluctuations in the exchange rate, the RMB may appreciate or depreciate significantly in value against the U.S. dollar in the medium to long term. Moreover, it is possible that in the future PRC authorities may lift restrictions on fluctuations in the RMB exchange rate and lessen intervention in the foreign exchange market.

Very limited hedging transactions are available in China to reduce our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions in an effort to reduce our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. While we may enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these transactions may be limited, and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all. In addition, our foreign currency exchange losses may be magnified by PRC exchange control regulations that restrict our ability to convert RMB into foreign currencies.

Currently, some of our raw materials and major equipment are imported. In the event that the U.S. dollars appreciate against RMB, our costs will increase. If we cannot pass the resulting costs on to our customers, our profitability and operating results will suffer.

Under the Current Enterprise Income Tax, or EIT, Law, we may be classified as a "resident enterprise" of China. Such classification will likely result in unfavorable tax consequences to us and our non-PRC stockholders.
 
We are a holding company incorporated under the laws of Delaware. We conduct substantially all of our business through our wholly-owned and other consolidated entities in China, and we derive all of our income from these entities. Prior to January 1, 2008, dividends derived by foreign enterprises from business operations in China were not subject to the Chinese enterprise income tax. However, such tax exemption ceased as of January 1, 2008 and thereafter with the effectiveness of the new Enterprise Income Tax Law, or EIT Law.

Under the EIT Law, if we are not deemed to be a “resident enterprise” for Chinese tax purposes, a withholding tax at the rate of 10% would be applicable to any dividends paid by our Chinese subsidiaries to us. However, if we are deemed to be a “resident enterprise” established outside of China whose “de facto management body” is located in China, we would be classified as a resident enterprise for Chinese tax purposes and thus would be subject to an enterprise income tax rate of 25% on all of our income, including interest income on the proceeds from this offering on a worldwide basis. At the present time, the Chinese tax authority has not issued any guidance on the application of the EIT Law and its implementing rules on non-Chinese enterprise or group enterprise controlled entities. As a result, it is unclear what factors will be used by the Chinese tax authorities to determine whether we have a “de facto management body” in China. However, as substantially all members of our management team are located in China, we may be deemed to be a “resident enterprise” and therefore subject to an enterprise income tax rate of 25% on our worldwide income, with the possible exclusion of dividends received directly from another Chinese tax resident. In addition, although under the EIT Law and the Implementing Rules dividends paid to us from our PRC subsidiaries would qualify as “tax-exempted income,” we cannot assure you that such dividends will not be subject to a 10% withholding tax, as the PRC foreign exchange control authorities, which enforce the withholding tax, have not yet issued guidance with respect to the processing of outbound remittances to entities that are treated as resident enterprises for PRC enterprise income tax purposes. As a result of such changes, our historical operating results will not be indicative of our operating results for future periods and the value of our shares of common stock may be adversely affected. We are actively monitoring the possibility of “resident enterprise” treatment and are evaluating appropriate organizational changes to avoid this treatment, to the extent possible.
 
 
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We may be subject to fines and legal sanctions if we or our Chinese employees fail to comply with PRC regulations relating to employee stock options granted by overseas listed companies to PRC citizens.

On December 25, 2006, the People's Bank of China issued the Administration Measures on Individual Foreign Exchange Control, and its Implementation Rules were issued by the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) on January 5, 2007. Both took effect on February 1, 2007. Under these regulations, all foreign exchange matters involved in an employee stock holding plan, stock option plan or similar plan in which PRC citizens’ participation requires approval from the SAFE or its authorized branch. On March 28, 2007, the SAFE issued the Application Procedure for Foreign Exchange Administration for Domestic Individuals Participating in Employee Stock Holding Plans or Stock Option Plans of Overseas Listed Companies, or Notice 78. Under Notice 78, PRC individuals who participate in an employee stock option holding plan or a stock option plan of an overseas listed company are required, through a PRC domestic agent or PRC subsidiary of the overseas listed company, to register with the SAFE and complete certain other procedures. We and our Chinese employees who have been granted shares or stock options pursuant to our share incentive plan are subject to Notice 78. However, in practice, there are significant uncertainties with regard to the interpretation and implementation of Notice 78. We are committed to complying with the requirements of Notice 78. However, we cannot provide any assurance that we or our Chinese employees will be able to qualify for or obtain any registration required by Notice 78. In particular, if we and/or our Chinese employees fail to comply with the provisions of Notice 78, we and/or our Chinese employees may be subject to fines and legal sanctions imposed by the SAFE or other PRC government authorities, as a result of which our business operations and employee option plans could be materially and adversely affected.

The discontinuation, reduction or delay of any of the preferential tax treatments currently available to us in the PRC could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Prior to January 1, 2008, under the old enterprises income tax law, Xin Ao was subject to a 33% income tax rate, which was subject to certain tax holidays and preferential tax rates. Under the new enterprise income tax law effective January 1, 2008, or the New EIT Law, both foreign-invested enterprises and domestic enterprises are subject to a unified 25% income tax rate. Under the New EIT Law, preferential tax treatments will be granted to enterprises that conduct business in certain encouraged sectors and to enterprises that qualify as “high and new technology enterprises”, a status reassessed every three years. In addition, an enterprise is entitled to a 0% value-added tax rate if it uses recycled raw materials to manufacture its products. Xin Ao was recognized as a high and new technology enterprise June 2009 and is entitled to a 15% preferential income tax rate for the three-year period ending June 2012. In addition, Xin Ao uses recycled raw materials to manufacture its products and was entitled to a 0% value-added tax rate from June 2010 to June 2011 which was just extended another two years through June 2013. However, we cannot assure you that Xin Ao will be able to maintain its status as “high and new technology enterprises” and/or as an enterprise for value-added tax exemption. If Xin Ao fails to continue to qualify or fails to receive an updated approvals, our income tax and value-added tax expenses would increase, which would have a material adverse effect on our net income and results of operations.

RISKS RELATED TO THE MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK
 
Our shares of common stock are very thinly traded, and there can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock in the future.

Our shares of common stock are very thinly traded, and the price if traded may not reflect our value. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock in the future. The market liquidity will be dependent on the perception of our operating business and any steps that our management might take to bring us to the awareness of investors. There can be no assurance given that there will be any awareness generated. Consequently, investors may not be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price that reflects the value of the business. If a more active market should develop, the price may be highly volatile. Because there may be a low price for our shares of common stock, many brokerage firms may not be willing to effect transactions in the securities. Even if an investor finds a broker willing to effect a transaction in the shares of our common stock, the combination of brokerage commissions, transfer fees, taxes, if any, and any other selling costs may exceed the selling price. Further, many lending institutions will not permit the use of such shares of common stock as collateral for any loans.
 
 
26

 
 
We do not intend to pay dividends on shares of our common stock for the foreseeable future, but if we intend to do so our holding company structure may limit the payment of dividends to our stockholders.

We have no direct business operations, other than our ownership of our subsidiaries. While we have no current intention of paying dividends, should we decide in the future to do so, as a holding company, our ability to pay dividends and meet other obligations depends upon the receipt of dividends or other payments from our operating subsidiaries and other holdings and investments. In addition, our operating subsidiaries, from time to time, may be subject to restrictions on their ability to make distributions to us, including as a result of restrictive covenants in loan agreements, restrictions on the conversion of local currency into U.S. dollars or other hard currency and other regulatory restrictions as discussed below. If future dividends are paid in RMB, fluctuations in the exchange rate for the conversion of RMB into U.S. dollars may reduce the amount received by U.S. stockholders upon conversion of the dividend payment into U.S. dollars.
 
Chinese regulations currently permit the payment of dividends only out of accumulated profits as determined in accordance with Chinese accounting standards and regulations. Our subsidiaries in China are also required to set aside a portion of their after tax profits according to Chinese accounting standards and regulations to fund certain reserve funds. Currently, our subsidiaries in China are the only sources of revenues or investment holdings for the payment of dividends. If they do not accumulate sufficient profits under Chinese accounting standards and regulations to first fund certain reserve funds as required by Chinese accounting standards, we will be unable to pay any dividends.

We may be subject to penny stock regulations and restrictions and you may have difficulty selling shares of our common stock.

The SEC has adopted regulations which generally define so-called “penny stocks” to be an equity security that has a market price less than $5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than $5.00 per share, subject to certain exemptions. If our common stock becomes a “penny stock”, we may become subject to Rule 15g-9 under the Exchange Act, or the “Penny Stock Rule”. This rule imposes additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers that sell such securities to persons other than established customers and “accredited investors” (generally, individuals with a net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual incomes exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with their spouses). For transactions covered by Rule 15g-9, a broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and have received the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale. As a result, this rule may affect the ability of broker-dealers to sell our securities and may affect the ability of purchasers to sell any of our securities in the secondary market.

For any transaction involving a penny stock, unless exempt, the rules require delivery, prior to any transaction in a penny stock, of a disclosure schedule prepared by the SEC relating to the penny stock market. Disclosure is also required to be made about sales commissions payable to both the broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, monthly statements are required to be sent disclosing recent price information for the penny stock held in the account and information on the limited market in penny stock.

There can be no assurance that our common stock will qualify for exemption from the Penny Stock Rule. In any event, even if our common stock were exempt from the Penny Stock Rule, we would remain subject to Section 15(b)(6) of the Exchange Act, which gives the SEC the authority to restrict any person from participating in a distribution of penny stock, if the SEC finds that such a restriction would be in the public interest.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
 
Not applicable.
 
 
There is no private land ownership in China. Individuals and companies are permitted to acquire land use rights for specific purposes. We lease our 44,041 square meter facility located at Jia 1, SanTaiShan, XiaoHongMen County, ChaoYang District, Beijing, China, from Beijing SanTaiShan Chemical Trading & Logistics Co., who was granted land use rights from the PRC government. The lease provides for a five year term beginning on October 1, 2008, with the option to extend following expiration. Annual rent on the property is approximately $197,000. Further, the Company agreed to lease office space from the Company’s shareholder, Mr. He Weili, from July 2010 to June 2012 with annual payment of approximately $176,000. On August 31, 2011, The Company entered a lease agreement to lease office space from a third party, starting from November 1, 2011 to October 31, 2013 with annual payment of approximately $363,000.
 
 
27

 

We entered into three different five-year operating lease agreements during the fourth quarter of 2009. We also entered into one four-year operating lease agreement during the second quarter of 2010. The lease payments for the four manufacture plants are with different unrelated parties for a total monthly payment of $213,000. Certain lease payments have been pre-paid by transferring the Company’s long-term accounts receivable to the lessors in exchange for agreeing to no increase in the future.  One of the lease agreements was terminated early on November 30, 2010.

We have an extensive fleet of 115 transit mounted concrete mixers, 17 pump trucks, and we have access to additional 55 concrete mixer and 3 pump truck vehicles for lease in Beijing and 31 transit mounted concrete mixers and 5 pump trucks at our portable stations depending on specific project requirements. We also anticipate delivery of 40 additional transit mounted concrete mixers and 5 additional pump trucks to our fleet in Beijing by December 31, 2011. More than half of the vehicles are equipped with GPS and tracking devices from the plants central dispatch center in order to optimize capacity utilization, production and delivery schedules.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time, we may have disputes that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Currently, there are no material legal proceedings to which we are a party, or to which any of our property is subject, that we expect to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, except as follows:
 
The Company and the members of our board of directors are named as defendants in purported class action lawsuits (the “Stockholder Actions”) brought in the Delaware Court of Chancery by several stockholders: Kinder v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6729-CS (filed July 29, 2011); McElligott v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6739-CS (filed August 2, 2011); Elias v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6754-CS (filed August 5, 2011); Camitta v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6770-CS (filed August 9, 2011); Jaworski v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6765-CS (filed August 11, 2011); Bolen v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6811-CS (filed August 26, 2011), and Mulder v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6830-CS (filed September 1, 2011).  The Stockholder Actions generally allege that the Company and all of our directors breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the receipt by the Company of a preliminary, non-binding offer from Xianfu Han, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Weili He, the Company’s Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer, to acquire all of the outstanding shares of our common stock not currently owned by them in a going private transaction at a proposed price of $2.65 per share in cash (the “Proposed Transaction”). The Stockholder Actions seek, among other things, to declare that the Proposed Transaction is unfair, unjust and inequitable, to enjoin the Company from taking any steps necessary to accomplish or implement the Proposed Transaction, and damages in the event the Proposed Transaction is consummated.
 
Item 4. [Removed and Reserved]
 
PART II
 
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information

Our common stock has been quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board since May 19, 2008, and began trading on the NASDAQ Global Market in November 2009 under the symbol “CADC”. Prior to that date, there was no active market for our common stock. The following table sets forth the quarterly high and low sales prices of a share of our common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market for the periods indicated. The quotations listed below reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-ups, mark-downs or commissions and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.
 
 
28

 

Year
Quarter Ending
 
High
 
Low
2011
September 30 (as of September 12)
 
$
2.57
   
$
1.55
 
 
June 30
 
$
3.79
   
$
1.45
 
 
March 31
 
$
5.39
   
$
3.25
 
2010
December 31
 
$
5.15
   
$
3.43
 
 
September 30
 
$
4.15
   
$
2.95
 
 
June 30
 
$
5.62
   
$
3.25
 
 
March 31
 
$
7.48
   
$
4.45
 
2009
December 31
 
$
7.90
   
$
4.36
 
 
September 30
 
$
6.90
   
$
2.50
 
 
June 30
 
$
3.90
   
$
1.71
 
 
March 31
 
$
2.75
   
$
1.01
 
2008
December 31
 
$
2.75
   
$
2.74
 
 
September 30
 
$
2.60
   
$
2.60
 
 
June 30 (from May 19)
 
$
2.30
   
$
0.30
 
 
As of September 22, 2011, there were 394 stockholders of record of our common stock.

Dividends

We have never paid dividends on our common stock. While any future dividends will be determined by our directors after consideration of the earnings, financial condition, and other relevant factors, it is currently expected that available cash resources will be utilized in connection with our ongoing operations.

Section 15(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 — The Penny Stock Rules

Our shares are covered by Section 15(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 as amended, that imposes additional sales practice requirements on broker/dealers who sell such securities to persons other than established customers and accredited investors (generally institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000, or individuals with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 jointly with their spouses). For transactions covered by this Section 15(g), the broker/dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchase and have received the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction prior to the sale. Consequently, Section 15(g) may affect the ability of broker/dealers to sell our securities and also may affect your ability to sell your shares in the secondary market.

 
Not Applicable.
 

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 
The Company makes reference to Non-GAAP financial measures in portions of “Management’s Discussion of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”. Management believes that investors may find it useful to review our financial results that exclude the non-cash expenses of $885,674 stock-based compensation and a gain of $1,926,948 in change of fair value of warrants liability, shown in the below chart, due to the adoption of a Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) ASC 815 (EITF 07-05) accounting standard as discussed in the section “Derivative Liability” below.
 
Management believes that these Non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in that they provide supplemental information to possibly better understand the underlying business trends and operating performance of the Company. The Company uses these Non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate operating performance. However, Non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as an alternative to net income or any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP.
 
 
29

 

   
Year Ended June 30,
       
  
 
2011
   
2010
   
Increase
(Decrease)
 
Net Income -GAAP
  $ 17,065,244     $ 13,006,395     $ 4,058,849  
Subtract:
                       
Dividends and accretion on redeemable convertible preferred stock
  $ -     $ (955,557 )   $ 955,557  
Net Income available to Common shareholders -GAAP
  $ 17,065,244     $ 12,050,838     $ 5,014,406  
Add Back:
                       
Change in fair value of warrants
  $ (1,926,948 )   $ 2,488,959     $ (4,415,907 )
Add Back:
                       
Change in Option and Equity Based Compensation
  $ 885,674     $ 595,888     $ 289,786  
Add Back:
                       
Accretion of Discount on Redeemable Preferred Stock
  $ -     $ 567,580     $ (567,580 )
Adjusted Net Income available to Common shareholders -non-GAAP
  $ 16,023,970     $ 15,703,265     $ 320,705  
                         
Basic earnings per share - GAAP
  $ 0.97     $ 0.90     $ 0.07  
Add back:
                       
Change in fair value of warrant
  $ (0.11 )   $ 0.18     $ (0.29 )
Add back:
                       
Change in Option and Equity-Based Compensation
  $ 0.05     $ 0.04     $ 0.01  
Add back:
                       
Accretion of Discount on Redeemable Preferred Stock
  $ -     $ 0.04     $ (0.04 )
Adjusted basic earnings per share Non-GAAP
  $ 0.91     $ 1.16     $ (0.25 )
                         
Diluted earnings per share-GAAP
  $ 0.94     $ 0.79     $ 0.15  
Add back:
                       
Change in fair value of warrant                                                        (a)
  $ (0.11 )   $ 0.15     $ (0.26 )
Add back:
                       
Change in Option and Equity-Based Compensation                    (b)
  $ 0.05     $ 0.04     $ 0.01  
Adjusted diluted earnings per share - Non-GAAP
  $ 0.88     $ 0.98     $ (0.10 )
Subtract:
                       
Cash Dividends Paid on Redeemable Preferred Stock
  $ -     $ 0.03     $ (0.03 )
Adjusted diluted earnings per share available to common - Non-GAAP
  $ 0.88     $ 0.95     $ (0.07 )
                         
Weighted average number of shares
                       
Basic
    17,671,648       13,456,134       4,215,514  
Diluted
    18,142,630       16,521,296       1,621,334  
                         
 
 
30

 

 
(a) The Company adopted the provisions of FASB accounting standard ASC 815 (EITF 07-05), which provides standards with respect to determining whether an instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to an entity’s own stock. As a result of adopting this accounting standard, warrants previously treated as equity pursuant to the derivative treatment exemption are no longer afforded equity treatment because the warrants have a down-round ratchet provision on the exercise price. As a result, the warrants are not considered indexed to the Company’s own stock, and as such, all future changes in the fair value of these warrants will be recognized currently in earnings until such time as the warrants are exercised or expired. Effective July 1, 2009, the Company reclassified the fair value of these warrants from equity to liability, as if these warrants were treated as a derivative liability since their issuance in June 2008. The Company recognized a $1,926,948 gain from the change in fair value for the year ended June 30, 2011.

(b) The Company records stock-based compensation expense pursuant to FASB’s accounting standard regarding stock compensation which requires companies to measure compensation cost for stock-based employee compensation plans at fair value at the grant date and recognize the expense over the employee's requisite service period. For the years ended June 30, 20011and 2010, the Company recognized $885,674 and $268,150 as compensation expense for its restricted stock grants, respectively. For the year ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company recognized $0 and $327,738 as compensation expenses for its stock option plan, respectively.

Overview

We are a holding company whose primary business operations are conducted through our wholly-owned subsidiaries BVI-ACM and China-ACMH, and our variable interest entity, Xin Ao and its subsidiaries. We engage in the production of advanced construction materials for large scale commercial, residential, and infrastructure developments, and are primarily focused on producing and supplying a wide range of advanced ready-mix concrete materials for highly technical, large scale, and environmentally-friendly construction projects.

During the year ended June 30, 2011, we supported materials, services and our high speed railway projects through our network of ready-mixed concrete plants throughout Beijing (four as of June 30, 2011) and our portable plants (twenty-four as of June 30, 2011) located in various provinces throughout China. We own one concrete plant and its related equipment, and we lease three additional plants in Beijing.  In addition, we have technical and preferred procurement agreements with three independently owned concrete mixture stations, pursuant to which we are paid by percentages of cost savings for technical support provided to clients and of sales price for projects we refer to other stations due to the geographical location of our owned and leased plants. Two of the technically serviced plants are located in Datong, Shaanxi and one in Mianyang, Sichuan.

Our manufacturing services are used primarily for our national high speed railway projects.  Typically, the general contractors on the high speed railway projects supply the raw materials required for the project, which results in higher gross margins for us and reduces our upfront capital investments needed to purchase raw materials. We also produce ready-mix concrete at portable plants, which can be dismantled and moved to new sites for new projects. Our management believes that we have the ability to capture a greater share of the Beijing market and further expand our footprint in China via expanding relationships and networking, signing new contracts, and continually developing market-leading innovative and eco-friendly ready-mix concrete products.
 
Principal Factors Affecting Our Financial Performance
 
We believe that the following factors will continue to affect our financial performance:
 
Large Scale Contractor Relationships. We have contracts with major construction contractors which are constructing key infrastructure, commercial and residential projects. Our sales efforts focus on large-scale projects and large customers which place large recurring orders and present less credit risk to us. For the year ended June 30, 2011, five customers accounted for approximately 19% of the Company’s sales and 16% of the Company’s account receivables as of June 30, 2011. Should we lose any of these customers in the future and are unable to obtain additional customers, our revenues will suffer.
 
Experienced Management. Management’s technical knowledge and business relationships gives us the ability to secure major infrastructure projects, which provides us with leverage to acquire less sophisticated operators, increase production volumes, and implement quality standards and environmentally sensitive policies.  Significant turnover in our senior management could significantly deplete the institutional knowledge held by our existing senior management team.
 

 
 
31

 
 
Innovation Efforts. We strive to produce the most technically and scientifically advanced products for our customers and maintain close relationships with Tsinghua University, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology and Beijing Dongfang Jianyu Institute of Concrete Science & Technology which assist us with our research and development activities. During our 5 year agreement with the Institute, we have realized an advantage over many of our competitors by gaining access to a wide array of resources and knowledge. One payment of approximately $604,400 to Dongfang Jianyu Institute of Concrete Science and Technology was paid under the agreement.
 
Competition. Our competition includes a number of state-owned and large private PRC-based manufacturers and distributors that produce and sell products similar to ours. We compete primarily on the basis of quality, technological innovation and price. Essentially all of the contracts on which we bid are awarded through a competitive bid process, with awards often being made to the lowest bidder though other factors such as shorter schedules or prior experience with the customer are often just as important. Within our markets, we compete with many national, regional and local state-owned and private construction firms some of which have achieved greater market penetration or have greater financial and other resources than us. In addition, there are a number of larger national companies in our industry that could potentially establish a presence in our markets and compete with us for contracts. If we are unable to compete successfully in our markets, our relative market share and profits could be reduced.
 
PRC Taxation

China-ACMH and VIEs are governed by the income tax laws of the PRC and the income tax provision in respect to operations in the PRC is calculated at the applicable tax rates on the taxable income for the periods based on existing legislation, interpretations and practices in respect thereof. After January 1, 2008, under the new Chinese Enterprise Income Tax (“EIT”) law, the statutory corporate income tax rate applicable to most companies is 25% instead of the former tax rate of 33%. As granted by the State Administration of Taxation of the PRC, Xin Ao was entitled to an income tax exemption from January 1, 2003, through March 31, 2007 and an income tax reduction from 25% to 15% from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011.
 
In accordance with the New EIT Law, enterprises established under the laws of foreign countries or regions and whose “place of effective management” is located within the PRC territory are considered PRC resident enterprises and subject to the PRC income tax at the rate of 25% on worldwide income. The definition of “place of effective management” refers to an establishment that exercises, in substance, and among other items, overall management and control over the production and business, personnel, accounting, and properties of an enterprise.  No detailed interpretation of guidance has been issued to define “place of effective management”. Furthermore, the administrative practice associated with interpreting and applying the concept of “place of effective management” is unclear. If the Company’s non-PRC incorporated entities are deemed PRC tax residents, such entities would be subject to PRC tax under the New EIT Law. The Company has analyzed the applicability of this law, and for each of the applicable periods presented, the Company has not accrued for PRC tax on such basis. The Company continues to monitor changes in the interpretation and/or guidance of this law.
 
The New EIT Law also imposes a 10% withholding income tax, subject to reduction based on tax treaty where applicable, for dividends distributed by a foreign invested enterprise to its immediate holding company outside China.  Such dividends were exempted from PRC tax under the previous income tax law and regulations. The foreign investment enterprises are subject to the withholding tax beginning January 1, 2008. The Company considers permanently reinvested undistributed earnings of Chinese operations in the PRC.  As a result, there is no deferred tax expense related to withholding tax on the future repatriation of these earnings.
 
Warrants Liability

Effective July 1, 2009, the Company adopted the provisions of ASC 815, which determines whether an instrument (or embedded feature) is indexed to an entity’s own stock. This accounting standard specifies that a contract which would otherwise meet the definition of a derivative but is both (a) indexed to the Company’s own stock and (b) classified as stockholders’ equity in the statement of financial position would not be considered a derivative financial instrument. This accounting standard provides a new two-step model to be applied in determining whether a financial instrument or an embedded feature is indexed to an issuer’s own stock and thus able to qualify for the scope exception.
 
 
32

 
 
As such, warrants previously treated as equity pursuant to the derivative treatment exemption are no longer afforded equity treatment because the warrants have a downward ratchet provision on the exercise price. As a result, the warrants are not considered indexed to the Company’s own stock, and, as such, all future changes in the fair value of these warrants will be recognized as earnings until such time as the warrants are exercised or expire.

Business Segments and Periods Presented

We have provided a discussion of our results of operations on a consolidated basis and have also provided certain detailed segment information for each of our business segments below for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, in order to provide a meaningful discussion of our business segments. We have organized our operations into four principal segments: selling concrete, manufacturing concrete, providing technical support services and others, which include mixer rental, sales of materials and marketing cooperation. We present our segment information along the same lines that our chief executives review our operating results in assessing performance and allocating resources.

For the year ended June 30, 2011:
                                     
   
Sales of
   
Manufacturing
   
Technical
   
Mixer
                   
   
concrete
   
services
   
services
   
rental
   
Others
   
Corporate
   
Total
 
Net revenue
  $ 109,276,550     $ 25,619,062     $ 3,001,866     $ 11,292     $ -     $ -     $ 137,908,770  
Depreciation
    (1,203,339 )     (2,499,074 )     (5,485 )     (9,934 )     -       (180,446 )     (3,898,278 )
Segment profit
    14,773,183       7,393,954       2,558,120       11,218       -       (15,695,723 )     9,040,752  
Other income
 (expenses)
     6,556,593        1,527,170        -        -        -        1,577,185       9,660,948  
Interest income
    -       -       -       -       -       591,376       591,376  
Interest expenses
    -       -       -       -       -       (703,837 )     (703,837 )
Capital expenditure
    (1,697,838 )     (398,045 )     (46,640 )     (176 )     -       -       (2,142,699 )
Total assets as of
                                                       
June 30, 2011
  $ 114,759,372     $ 26,911,329     $ 3,153,809     $ 11,864     $ -     $ -     $ 144,836,374  
                                                         
For the year ended June 30, 2010:
                                                 
   
Sales of
   
Manufacturing
   
Technical
   
Mixer
                         
   
concrete
   
services
   
services
   
rental
   
Others
   
Corporate
   
Total
 
Net revenue
  $ 70,579,631     $ 15,654,659     $ 4,889,460     $ 1,208,618     $ 708,479     $ -     $ 93,040,847  
Depreciation
    (1,032,221 )     (1,693,581 )     (5,232 )     (151,456 )     -       (42,126 )     (2,924,616 )
Segment profit
    5,686,379       7,311,730       4,543,163       1,050,880       357,909       (5,053,494 )     13,896,567  
Other income
 (expenses)
    3,942,679       939,472       -       -       -       (2,582,939 )     2,299,212  
Interest income
    -       -       -       -       -       9,001       9,001  
Interest expenses
    -       -       -       -       -       (23,834 )     (23,834 )
Capital expenditure
    (409,564 )     (6,727,104 )     -       -       -       (41,061 )     (7,177,729 )
Total assets as of
                                                       
June 30, 2010
  $ 69,101,360     $ 15,326,776     $ -     $ 1,183,304     $ -     $ -     $ 85,611,440  

 
 
33

 
 
Concrete Sales Business

Our concrete sales business segment is comprised of the formulation, production and delivery of the Company’s line of C10-C100 concrete mixtures primarily through our current fixed plant network of 4 ready mix concrete batching plants in Beijing. For this segment of our business, we procure all of our own raw materials, mix them according to our measured mixing formula, ship the final product in mounted transit mixers to the destination work site, and, for more sophisticated structures, will pump the mixture and set it into structural frame moulds as per structural design parameters.

Manufacturing Services Business

Our manufacturing services business segment is comprised of the formulation, production and delivery of project-specific concrete mixtures primarily through our current portable plant network of 24 rapid assembly and deployment batching plants, located in various provinces throughout China. Our clients will purchase and provide the raw materials in volume on a separate account which we will then proportion and mix according to our formulation for a given project’s specifications. At present, our manufacturing services business segment is primarily dedicated to various high speed rail projects in China which demand very high quality standards on a time sensitive work schedule.

Technical Services Business

Our technical services business segment is comprised of the our party production management services, including chemical engineering and ready-mix consulting services for independently owned concrete plants and their associated projects. We manage the production and receive a percentage of our client contractors’ profits based on cost savings generated.

Other Services

Our final business segment is comprised of other services which we engage in from time to time, including marketing cooperation and mixer rentals. When we are unable to service projects due to geographic limitations, we refer projects to several other independently-owned mixture stations as part of our marketing cooperation and existing relationships with contractors. We are paid a percentage of the sales price of the business that is referred. The marketing cooperation allows us to capture business that might otherwise be uneconomical due to capital requirements. We also generate revenues by renting our mixing trucks to other mixer stations.

Consolidated Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth key components of our results of operations for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, in US dollars:

   
Years Ended
       
  
 
June 30,
       
  
 
2011
   
2010
             
  
             
Increase
   
Percentage
Increase
 
                         
Total revenue
  $ 137,908,770     $ 93,040,847     $ 44,867,923       48 %
Total cost of revenue
    112,264,373       73,704,701       38,559,672       52 %
Gross profit
    25,644,397       19,336,146       6,308,251       33 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    16,603,645       5,439,579       11,164,066       205 %
Other income, net
    9,548,487       2,284,379       7,264,108       318 %
Income before provision for income taxes
    18,589,239       16,180,946       2,408,293       15 %
Income taxes expense
    1,523,995       3,174,551       (1,650,556 )     (52 ) %
Net income
    17,065,244       13,006,395       4,058,849       31 %
Dividends and accretion on redeemable preferred
    -       955,557       (955,557 )      %
Net income available to Common shareholders
  $ 17,065,244     $ 12,050,838     $ 5,014,406       42 %
                                 
 
 
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Comparison of the years Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010

Revenue. Our revenue is primarily generated from sales of our advanced ready-mix concrete products, manufacturing services and technical consulting services. For the year ended June 30, 2011, we generated revenue of $137,908,770 compared to $93,040,847 during the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $44,847,923or 48%. Such increase is due to our increased production volumes both in and outside of Beijing for the year ended June 30, 2011. In addition, on November 15, 2010, we announced a 25% average price increase across our various concrete grade sales to keep in line with an average raw material cost increase of 19.8%. As a result, our concrete sales revenue was $109,276,550 for the year ended June 30, 2011, an increase of $38,696,919, or 55% compared to the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in revenues attributable to concrete sales was principally due to greater capacity utilization at our Beijing fixed plants coupled with higher prices and organic growth to include a broader client base.

During the year ended June 30, 2011, we continued to supply concrete products to ten railway projects throughout China through our portable plants, specifically our projects located in Shaanxi Province, Jiangsu Province, Hebei Province, Guangxi Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangdong Province, Liaoning Province, and Anhui Province. These ten projects contributed $25,619,062 to our total revenue for the year ended June 30, 2011, an increase of $9,964,403, or 64%, compared to the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in revenues attributable to our manufacturing services was principally due to the addition of new portable plants to service a larger business backlog . For these railway projects, the general contractors generally supplied their own raw materials while we provided manufacturing and transportation services.

In addition, revenue generated through our technical consulting services was $3,001,866 during the year ended June 30, 2011, a decrease of $1,887,594, or 39%, compared to the year ended June 30, 2010. The decrease is due to the service term expiration of two technically serviced contract plants in Beijing. During the year ended June 30, 2011, we also rented our mixer trucks to mixture stations and provided other services which generated revenues of $11,292, a decrease of $1,197,326, or 99%, as we experienced greater overall fleet capacity utilization as the business expands.
 
Unless we add additional concrete plants or experience an improvement in capacity utilization at our portable plants currently dedicated to highspeed rail, we anticipate that our overall sales revenue will remain flat due to constraints in finding additional capacity utilization going forward.  We do, however, anticipate that we will continue to be a beneficiary of additional construction spending coming from China’s 12th Five Year Plan which will offset to some degree the completion of 2009 government stimulus infrastructure projects. In addition when capital permits, we plan to continue expanding our business into new geographical markets by leveraging our strong relationships with major contractors throughout China.

Cost of Revenue. Cost of Revenue, which consists of direct labor, rentals, depreciation, other overhead and raw materials, including inbound freight charges, was $112,264,373 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $73,704,701 for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $38,559,672, or 52%. The increase of cost of revenue was due to the overall increase in production from our fixed concrete plants in the Beijing area and increased production on manufacturing services compared to the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in cost of revenue was also due to the addition of new portable plants, as well as increases in labor and crude oil prices, which increased the costs of raw materials and transportation during this quarter compared to the prior fiscal year. We are uncertain whether crude oil prices or raw material prices will maintain at the current level in the near future. We intend to raise our concrete prices to keep pace with increases in raw material pricing in particular the price of cement.
 
The cost of revenue on concrete increased $29,159,811, or 45%, for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to the year ended June 30, 2010. Such increase was due to an increase in our concrete production leading to a larger base of raw material purchases supporting a higher overall volume of traditional concrete sales for a resulting broader client base, as well as the increase labor costs and crude oil prices and raw materials as indicated above as compared to the prior fiscal year.
 
Cost of revenue with respect to our manufacturing services increased $9,795,038 or 118%, during the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to the same period during the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in our cost of sales is due primarily to the greater operational fixed cost base associated with the addition of new portable plants which have not yet reached production economies of scale and their associated optimal capacity utilization levels, as well slowing production at portable plants nearing project completion and delayed municipal government resident relocation efforts for land development and overall project delays associated with leadership transition at the Ministry of Rail and suspension of approval for new related railway projects stemming from the State Planning Commission.
 
 
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Gross Profit. Our gross profit is equal to the difference between our revenue and cost of sales. Gross profit was $25,644,397 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $19,336,146 for the year ended June 30, 2010. Our gross profit for sale of concrete was $14,773,183, or 14% of revenue, for the year ended June 30, 2011, compared to $5,686,379, or 8% of revenue for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $9,086,804. The higher gross profit for concrete sales for the year ended June 30, 2011, compared with the year ended June 30, 2010, reflects higher demand and higher prices for our concrete products in Beijing as compared to the prior fiscal year. The primary reason for the margin increase in concrete sales from 8.4% in the year ended June 30, 2010 is due to a 25% average price increase in the second fiscal quarter of our 2011 fiscal year across our various concrete grade sales to keep in line with an average raw material cost increase of 19.8% in addition to improving overall operational efficiencies at our Beijing fixed plants. We intend to continue to adjust our concrete sales prices in tandem with price fluctuations in cement.
 
Our gross profit with respect to our manufacturing services was $7,393,954, or 29% for the year ended June 30, 2011, an increase of $82,224 from the year ended June 30, 2010. Such increase was principally due to the net addition of 8 new portable plants during the course of the fiscal year. The primary reasons for the margin drop compared to the same period last year are an increase of fixed costs incurred as a result of the addition of a large number of new portable plants before they commenced production, as well as slowing production rates at plants nearing project completion and extended project delays stemming from delayed municipal government resident relocation efforts, increase in costs of transportation, a larger employee base and suspended operations due to ongoing government quality inspections at high speed rail construction sites around the country.

Our gross profit with respect to technical services was $2,558,120, or 85%, for the year ended June 30, 2011, compared to $4,543,163, or 93%, for the year ended June 30, 2010, a decrease of $1,985,042, or 44%. The primary reason for the decrease is the service term expiration of two technically serviced plants in Beijing when compared to the year ended June 30, 2010.
 
Our gross profit with respect to mixer rentals and other services was $11,218, or 99%, during the year ended June 30, 2011, compared to $1,050,880, or 87%, for the year ended June 30, 2010, a decrease of $1,039,662, or 99%, as we experienced greater overall fleet capacity utilization as our business expands.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses consist of sales commissions, advertising and marketing costs, office rent and expenses, costs associated with staff and support personnel who manage our business activities, professional and legal fees paid to third parties, and research and development expenses. We incurred selling, general and administrative expenses of $16,603,645 for the year ended June 30, 2011, an increase of $11,164,066, or 205%, as compared to $5,439,579 for the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase was principally due to an increase in bad debt expenses of approximately $7.4 million, including $2.3 million of direct write-off, salary and employment benefit expense, and lease expenses resulting from higher production and a larger base of operations during the year, and professional and consulting expenses from being a public company and resulting from our overall production expansion.
 
Other Income (Expense), net. Our other income (expense) consists of valued added tax exemption from the PRC government, interest income (expense), change in fair value of warrants, and other non-operating income (expense). We recorded net other income of $9,548,487 for year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to net other income of $2,284,379 for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase in other income of $7,264,108, or 318%. The increase in net other income was primarily due to a increase in change in fair value of warrants income of $1,926,948 as compared to an expense of $2,488,959 during the year ended June 30, 2011. We also experienced an increase in other subsidy income to $8,083,763 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $4,881,152 for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $3,202,611, or 66%. Due to the fact that we use recycled raw materials to manufacture our products, the State Administration of Taxation granted us VAT tax exemption from August 2005 to August 2009, and thereafter a two year extension on the VAT tax exemption from June 2009 to June 2011. The Company has applied for VAT tax exemption extension and just received an extension through June 2013. The VAT tax collected during the aforementioned period from our customers is retained by the Company and recorded as other subsidy income. In addition, we had interest expense of $703,837 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $23,834 for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $680,003 because the Company obtained approximately $15 million in short term loans. In addition the Company also had Interest income of $591,376 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $9,001 in the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $582,375. The interest income increase was due to the interest income from short term investment.
 
 
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Provision for Income Taxes. Provision for income taxes amounted to $1,523,995 and $3,174,551 for the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We have used recycled raw materials in our concrete production since our inception, which entitled us to an income tax rate reduction from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2011, as granted by the State Administration of Taxation, PRC. From January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2008, we were subject to a 25% income tax rate. Since January 1, 2009, we have been subject to a 15% income tax rate. In the past, XinAo has paid the corporate income tax on behalf of China-ACMH, and there could be a potential liability for additional taxes for China-ACMH, though at present the Company is unable to determine the extent of such liability, if any.
 
Net Income. We recognized net income of $17,065,244 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to net income of $13,006,395 for the year ended June 30, 2010, an increase of $4,058,849. Such increase in net income was primarily due to an increase in change in fair value of warrants income of $1,926,948 as compared to an expense of $2,488,959 during the year ended June 30. 2010, in addition to higher prices and organic growth to include a broader client base driving a yearly increase in our plant production capacity across our plant network including the addition of new portable plants across the country, all of which were offset by an increase in production costs for retiring plants, plants nearing retirement, new portable plants not yet in operation, project delays associated with delayed resident relocations and selling, general, and administrative expense on an increased labor base of a larger scale operations. Our management believes that our profits may increase as we continue to expand into service sectors and geographies that generate higher gross margins and because we are a direct beneficiary of Chinese government’s stimulus package on infrastructure projects.  We may also consider to lease or build new plants in order to increase our accessibility to construction sites located in Beijing, expand into other geographical areas, as well as vertically integrate our operations across the supply chain, which we believe will lower our costs and provide greater profitability.

Dividends and accretion on redeemable preferred stock. The decrease in dividends and accretion on redeemable convertible preferred stock of $955,557 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to the year ended June 30, 2010, was due to the maturity of the redeemable convertible preferred on June 12, 2010.
 
Net Income available to Common shareholders. Excluding the effect from non-cash charges related to changes in fair market of warrants, accretion of discount on redeemable preferred stock and stock and option-based compensation, our net income available to Common shareholders would be $16,023,970 for the year ended June 30, 2011, an increase of $320,705, or 2%, as compared to net income after cash dividends paid of $15,703,265 for the year ended June 30, 2010. See the section “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” above for a discussion regarding the presentation of net income excluding non-cash gain (loss).

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of June 30, 2011, we had cash and cash equivalents of $1,610,699 and restricted cash of $928,200. The following table provides detailed information about our net cash flow for financial statement periods presented in this report:

 
Summary of Cash Flow Statements
 
  
For the years ended
 
  
June 30,
 
  
2011
 
2010
 
Net cash used in operating activities
  $ (2,700,701 )   $ (192,516 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (13,270,477 )     (7,099,316 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
    14,117,366       6,936,571  
Effect of foreign currency translation on cash and cash equivalents
    163,691       21,276  
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalent
  $ (1,690,121 )   $ (333,985 )
                 
 
 
 
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Principal demands for liquidity are for construction or acquisition of concrete mixture stations, purchases of concrete mixers and pump trucks, working capital and general corporate purposes.

Operating Activities. Net cash used in operating activities totaled $2,700,701 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to net cash used in operating activities of $192,516 for the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in net cash used in operating activities was primarily due to an increase of accounts receivable due to increased sales coupled with slower collection of the receivables and other receivables, an increase in accounts payable and taxes payable and a decrease of inventories during the year ended June 30, 2011. We aim to make improvements in our cash flow from operating activities stemming from increases in construction industry activity in Beijing, combined with winning  more favorable terms with our suppliers and customers which will be offset by greater working capital needs for our expanding operations.
 
Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities was $13,270,477 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to $7,099,316 net cash used in investing activities for the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in cash used in investing activities was because the Company entered into an investment agreement with financial investment guaranty company, whereby the Company  may invest up to RMB 100,000,000. The financial investment company then will invest the company’s funds in financial instruments including bonds, mortgage trust and mutual funds.  The return on this investment is guaranteed at 7% per annum. The Company’s funds deposited with the financial investment company are not insured.  For the year ended June 30, 2011, the Company invested a total of RMB 79,000,000 ($12,221,300).  Investment income of approximately $576,728 was recognized and included in the non-operating income. The company also spent approximately $2,142,699 on equipments associated with our new quality control system.
 
Financing Activities. Net cash provided by financing activities totaled $14,117,366 for the year ended June 30, 2011, as compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $6,936,571 during the year ended June 30, 2010. The increase in cash provided by financing activities was due to net proceeds of our August 18, 2010 HuaXia Bank Loan Facility of $1,527,000, proceeds from our September 29, 2010 Shanghai Pudong Development Bank Loan Facility of $9,162,000,  proceeds from our September 26, 2010 Citibank Bank Loan Facility of $2,290,500, and proceeds from our November 4, 2010 Zhaoshang Bank Loan Facility of $1,527,000. The net proceeds from the loan facilities will be used for financing investments, working capital, raw material purchases and general corporate purposes.

Cash. As of June 30, 2011, we had cash of $1,610,699 as compared to $3,300,820 as of June 30, 2010.We believe that our cash and revenues from ongoing operations, in addition to closely managing our accounts payable and accounts receivable, is sufficient to meet our liquidity and capital requirements for all of our ongoing operations. However, we may need to raise additional capital in order to undertake our plans for expansion.

Loan Facilities

We had a total of $15,470,000 outstanding on loans and credit facilities as of June 30, 2011. The loans consisted of the following:

   
June 30,
 
   
2011
 
Loan from Huaxia Bank. interest rate of 5.84% per annum, $1,547,000 due August 18, 2011 and $773,500 due February 2, 2012, guaranteed by Mr. Han Xianfu, Beijing Jinshengding Mineral Products Co., LTD and Beijing Xinhang Construction Material Co., LTD
  $ 2,320,500  
Loan from Shanghai Pudong Development Bank. interest rate of 5.841% per annum, due September 29, 2011, guaranteed by Beijing Xinhang Construction Group
    9,282,000  
Loan from Citibank, interest rate of 5.83% per annum, due September 26, 2011, guaranteed by Beijing Xinhang Construction Group, Mr. Han XianFu and Mr. He Weili
    2,320,500  
Loan from Zhaoshang Bank, interest rate of 6.12% per annum, due November 4, 2011, guaranteed by Mr. Han Xianfu and Beijing Jinshengding Mineral Co., LTD. And Beijing Xinhang Construction Material Co., LTD.
    1,547,000  
TOTAL
  $ 15,470,000  
         
 
Total interest expense on short-term loans for the year ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 amounted to $703,837 and $23,834, respectively.
 
 
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Obligations Under Material Contracts

Below is a table setting forth our contractual obligations as of June 30, 2011:

         
Payment due in years ended June 30,
 
  
 
Total
   
2012
   
2013
   
2014
   
2015
   
2016
   
Thereafter
 
Long term debt obligations
  $ 15,470,000     $ 15,470,000     $ -     $ -     $ -     $ -     $ -  
Capital commitment
    -       -       -       -       -       -       -  
Operating lease obligations
    2,118,762       745,009       566,300       807,453       -       -       -  
Purchase obligations
            -       -       -       -       -       -  
Total
  $ 17,588,762     $ 16,215,009     $ 566,300     $ 807,453     $ -     $ -     $ -  
                                                         

Seasonality
 
Our manufacturing operations are primarily located in northeastern China, which is extremely cold during the winter months. During such time, we are able to manufacture our advanced ready-mix concrete materials, however many construction projects operate on an abbreviated work schedule, if at all.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of China ACM and its wholly owned subsidiaries, BVI-ACM, China-ACMH, AIH and its variable interest entity Xin Ao. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. China ACM, its subsidiaries and Xin Ao, together are referred to as the Company. In accordance with FASB ASC 810, Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, variable interest entities, or VIEs, are generally entities that lack sufficient equity to finance their activities without additional financial support from other parties or whose equity holders lack adequate decision making ability. All VIEs with which the Company is involved must be evaluated to determine the primary beneficiary of the risks and rewards of the VIE. The primary beneficiary is required to consolidate the VIE for financial reporting purposes. In connection with the adoption of this ASC810, the Company concludes that Xin Ao is a VIE and China ACM is the primary beneficiary. The financial statements of Xin Ao are then consolidated with China ACM’s financial statements.

Our management's discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on the consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported net sales and expenses during the reporting periods. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
 
39

 
 
While our significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements included , we believe that the following accounting policies are the most critical to aid you in fully understanding and evaluating this management discussion and analysis:

Revenue Recognition. Revenue is realized or realizable and earned when four criteria are met:

 
Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists (the Company considers its sales contracts and technical service agreements to be pervasive evidence of an arrangement);

 
Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;

 
The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and

 
Collectability of payment is reasonably assured.

The Company sells its concrete products and provides concrete technical services primarily to major local construction companies. Sales agreements are signed with each customer. The agreements list all terms and conditions with the exception of delivery date and quantity, which are evidenced separately in purchase orders. The purchase price of products is fixed in the agreement and customers are not permitted to renegotiate after the contracts have been signed. The agreements include a cancellation clause if the Company or customers breach the contract terms specified in the agreement.
 
The Company does not sell products to customers on a consignment basis. There is no right of return after the product has been delivered into the location specified by the contract and accepted by the customer. The Company recognizes revenue when title and ownership of the goods are transferred upon shipment to the customer or services are provided by the Company.
 
Sales revenue represents the invoiced value of goods, net of a value added tax (“VAT”). All of the Company’s concrete products that are sold in the PRC are subject to a Chinese VAT at the rate of 6% of the gross sales price.
 
Due to the fact that the Company uses recycled raw materials to manufacture its products, the State Administration of Taxation has granted the Company VAT tax exemption from August 2005 to August 2009 and a two year extension on the VAT tax exemption from June 2009 to June 2011. The Company has applied for VAT tax exemption extension and expects to receive an additional 2-year extension. The VAT tax collected during the aforementioned period from the Company’s customers is retained by the Company and recorded as other subsidy income.
 
Accounts receivable. During the normal course of business, the Company extends unsecured credit to its customers. Accounts are considered past due after 30 days. In establishing the required allowance for doubtful accounts, management considers the historical experience, economy, trend in the construction industry, the expected collectability of amount receivable that past due and the expected collectability of overdue receivable. Management reviews its accounts receivable each reporting period to determine if the allowance for doubtful accounts is adequate. An estimate for doubtful accounts is recorded when collection of the full amount is no longer probable.  Known bad debts are written off against allowance for doubtful accounts when identified. The Company’s estimate is based on its historical experience. Accounts balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovering is considered remote.
 
Accounting for long-lived assets.  Long-lived assets such as, property, plant and equipment are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable.

Income taxes.  The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes, which requires the Company to use the assets and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under the assets and liability method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences of temporary differences by applying enacted statutory tax rates applicable to future years to differences between financial statement carrying amounts and the tax bases of existing assets and liabilities and operating loss and tax credit carry forward. Under this accounting standard, the effect on deferred income taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recognized if it is more likely than not that some portion, or all of, a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
 
ASC 740-10, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes defines uncertainty in income taxes and the evaluation of a tax position is a two-step process. The first step is to determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, including the resolution of any related appeals or litigation based on the technical merits of that position. The second step is to measure a tax position that meets the more-likely-than-not threshold to determine the amount of benefit to be recognized in the financial statements. A tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold should be recognized in the first subsequent period in which the threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not criteria should be de-recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which the threshold is no longer met.
 
 
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Penalties and interest incurred related to underpayment of income tax are classified as income tax expense in the period incurred.
 
United States federal, state and local income tax returns prior to 2008 are not subject to examination by tax authority.

Value added tax. Enterprises or individuals, who sell commodities, engage in repair and maintenance or import and export goods in the PRC are subject to a VAT. The standard VAT rate is 6% of gross sales for the Company’s industry. A credit is available whereby VAT paid on the purchases of raw materials used in the production of the Company’s finished products can be used to offset the VAT due on sales of finished products. Since the Company uses recycled raw materials to manufacture its products, the State Administration of Taxation has granted the Company VAT Tax Exemption from August 2005 through to August 2009 and a two year tax (VAT) credit extension from June 2009 through June 2011. The company just received another two year extension on VAT exemption from June 2011 – June 2013.

Financial instruments. The US GAAP accounting standards regarding fair value of financial instruments and related fair value measurements define fair value, establish a three-level valuation hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
 

The three levels of inputs are defined as follows:

  
Level 1 inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

  
Level 2 inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.

  
Level 3 inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

Cash, restricted cash, investment, accounts receivable, other assets, short term loans, accounts payable, and accrued expenses qualify as financial instruments and their carrying amounts reported at face value or cost, which approximate fair value because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rates of interest.

The fair value of the warrants liability was determined using the Cox-Ross-Rubinstein (CRR) Binomial Model, as Level 2 inputs, and recorded the unrealized gains and loss in earnings at each reporting period.

Stock-based compensation. The Company records stock-based compensation expense at fair value on the grant date and recognize the expense over the employee's requisite service period. The Company’s expected volatility assumption is based on the historical volatility of Company’s stock or the expected volatility of similar entities. The expected life assumption is primarily based on historical exercise patterns and employee post-vesting termination behavior. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The expected dividend yield is based on the Company’s current & expected dividend policy.
 
Investment. During the year ended June 30, 2011, the Company entered into a one-year investment agreement with a financial investment company, whereby the Company may invest up to approximately RMB 100,000,000.  The financial investment company will then invest the Company’s funds in certain financial instruments including bonds, mortgage trust or mutual funds.  The return on this investment is guaranteed at 7% per annum.  The Company’s investment is not subject to market fluctuation; therefore, the Company will not experience gain or loss on its investment.  However, the Company’s funds deposited with the financial investment company are not insured.
 
 
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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to our stockholders.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
Refer to Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of recent accounting standards and pronouncements.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
At times when we have short-term loans outstanding, we are exposed to interest rate risk due primarily to our short-term bank loans. Although the interest rates for our short-term loans are typically fixed for the terms of the loans, the terms are typically twelve months and interest rates are subject to change upon renewal. The new interest rates are approximately 5.31% for Renminbi bank loans with a term of 12 months. The change in interest rates has minimum impact on our bank loans. Our total borrowings were $15.4 million as of June 30, 2011.

Credit Risk

The Company is exposed to credit risk from its cash in bank and fixed deposits, investments and accounts receivable. The credit risk on cash in bank and fixed deposits is limited because the counterparties are recognized financial institutions. However, the Company’s cash in bank deposited in the financial institutions in PRC is not insured. The return on $11.9 million investment with a financial investment company is guaranteed at 7% per annum.  The Company’s investment is not subject to market fluctuation; therefore, the Company will not experience gain or loss on its investment.  However, the Company’s funds deposited with the financial investment company are not insured.  Accounts receivable are subjected to credit evaluations. An allowance has been made for estimated irrecoverable amounts which have been determined by reference to past default experience and the current economic environment.

Foreign Exchange Risk
 
The value of the Renminbi against the U.S. dollar and other currencies is affected by, among other things, changes in China’s political and economic conditions. The Renminbi does not fluctuate with the U.S. Dollar. Although the People’s Bank of China regularly intervenes in the foreign exchange market to prevent significant short-term fluctuations in the exchange rate, the Renminbi may appreciate or depreciate significantly in value against the U.S. dollar in the medium to long term. Moreover, it is possible that in the future, PRC authorities may lift restrictions on fluctuations in the Renminbi exchange rate and lessen intervention in the foreign exchange market.

Because substantially all of our earnings and cash assets are denominated in Renminbi, but our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar, fluctuations in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Renminbi will affect our balance sheet and our earnings per share in U.S. dollars. In addition, appreciation or depreciation in the value of the Renminbi relative to the U.S. dollar would affect our financial results reported in U.S. dollar terms without giving effect to any underlying change in our business or results of operations. Fluctuations in the exchange rate will also affect the relative value of any dividend we issue in the future that will be exchanged into U.S. dollars and earnings from, and the value of, any U.S. dollar-denominated investments we make in the future.
 
Very limited hedging transactions are available in China to reduce our exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. To date, we have not entered into any hedging transactions in an effort to reduce our exposure to foreign currency exchange risk. While we may enter into hedging transactions in the future, the availability and effectiveness of these transactions may be limited, and we may not be able to successfully hedge our exposure at all. In addition, our foreign currency exchange losses may be magnified by PRC exchange control regulations that restrict our ability to convert Renminbi into foreign currencies.

Most of the transactions of the Company are settled in Renminbi and U.S. dollars. In the opinion of the directors, the Company is not exposed to significant foreign currency risk.
 
 
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Inflation
 
Inflationary factors, such as increases in the cost of raw materials and overhead costs, could impair our operating results. Although we do not believe that inflation has had a material impact on our financial position or results of operations to date, a high rate of inflation in the future may have an adverse effect on our ability to maintain current levels of gross margin and selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of sales revenue if the selling prices of our products do not increase with these increased costs.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Not Applicable.


The full text of our audited consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2011 and 2010 begins on page F-1 of this Report.
 
 
None.

 
(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) that are designed to ensure that information that would be required to be disclosed in Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time period specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
As required by Rule 13a-15 under the Exchange Act, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30. 2011. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of June 30, 2011, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to satisfy the objectives for which they are intended.
 
(b) Management’s annual report on internal control over financial reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. The Exchange Act defines internal control over financial reporting as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive and principal financial officers and effected by our board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and includes those policies and procedures that:
 
  
Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company;
  
Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and;
  
Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
 
 
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All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2011. In making this assessment, management used the framework set forth in the report entitled Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, or COSO. The COSO framework summarizes each of the components of a company’s internal control system, including (i) the control environment, (ii) risk assessment, (iii) control activities, (iv) information and communication, and (v) monitoring. Based on our assessment we determined that, as of June 30, 2011, our internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
 
(c) Changes in internal control over financial reporting
 
During year ended June 30, 2011, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation performed during the fiscal year covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B. Other Information
 
None.
 
PART III
 
 
The following individuals serve as the directors and executive officers of our company as of the date of this annual report. All directors of our company hold office until the next annual meeting of our shareholders or until their successors have been elected and qualified. The executive officers of our company are appointed by our board of directors and hold office until their death, resignation or removal from office.

Name
 
Age
 
Position with the Company
 
Term as Director of the Company
Xianfu Han
 
51
 
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
April 2008 – Present
Weili He
 
53
 
Chief Operating Officer, Vice Chairman and Director
 
April 2008 –  Present
Jeremy Goodwin
 
37
 
President and Chief Financial Officer
 
October 2008 – August 2011
Jing Liu
 
37
 
Director
 
February 2010 – Present
Tao Jin
 
43
 
Director
 
May 2011 – Present
Yang (Joanna) Wang
 
43
 
Director
 
May 2011 – Present
 
Name
 
Position with the Company and Principal Occupations
Xianfu Han
 
Mr. Han became our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer on April 29, 2008. From January 2003 to present, Mr. Han has worked with Xin Ao as Chairman of the Board of Directors. His main responsibilities include daily board leadership and strategy initiatives. Since November 2002, Mr. Han has been Chairman at Beijing Tsinghua University Management School’s Weilun Club. His responsibilities involve daily management work. From January 2001 to March 2007, Mr. Han acted as Executive Vice Chairman of the Beijing Concrete Association. His primary functions involved public relations and communication with various governmental agencies. Mr. Han is a senior engineer with over 25 years of management experience in the building material industry. He contributed to the draft of the "Local Standard of Mineral Admixtures" regulations and was responsible for the "Research and Application of Green High Performance Concrete" published by the Ministry of Construction. Mr. Han has not held any other public company directorships during the past five years.
 
Mr. Han graduated in 1995 from the Tsinghua University executive MBA program. Mr. Han received his Bachelor degree in engineering management in 1992 from Northern China University of Technology.
 
 
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Weili He
 
Mr. He became our Vice-Chairman and Chief Operating Officer on April 29, 2008. From August 2007 to present, Mr. He has worked as Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of Xin Ao. His primary responsibility is large client development. From January 2003 to August 2007, Mr. He worked as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Beijing Xinhang Construction Materials Co., Ltd. His primary responsibilities included strategic planning. Since 2007, Mr. He has served as a Vice Chairman of the Beijing Concrete Association. His primary functions include market research. Mr. He has extensive construction and concrete engineering experience in China and Japan on numerous high profile projects. His primary expertise is plant management and operations. Mr. He received a bachelor’s degree in law from Party School of the Central Committee of C.P.C. Mr. He has not held any other public company directorships during the past five years.
     
Jeremy Goodwin
 
Mr. Goodwin was appointed President of our Company on January 25, 2010 and Chief Financial Officer on February 15, 2010. In addition, Mr. Goodwin formerly served as a member of our Board of Directors from October 6, 2008 until August 28, 2011. He has extensive experience in finance advising multi-national and Asian companies on key corporate initiatives such as M&A, debt and equity financing, restructuring, privatization and business expansion. Since 2006, Mr. Goodwin has been Managing Partner of 3G Capital Partners, a corporate finance advisory firm, and was a Vice President of Global Capital Group Enterprises, from 2002 to 2005 where he and his team advised Changzhou Xingrong Copper on its $20 million sale to Mueller Industries, Inc. From 1999 to 2002, Mr. Goodwin was with the ING Beijing Investment arm of Baring Private Equity Partners in Hong Kong. In addition, from 1997 to 1998, Mr. Goodwin worked at ABN Amro in Beijing, where he assisted notable clients such as Royal Dutch Shell Oil and Beijing Capital International Airport with its listing on the Hong Kong stock exchange. During the past five years, Mr. Goodwin has served as a member of the board of directors of Sino Greenland Corporation (OTCBB: SGLA) for 2 years.
 
Mr. Goodwin began his career at Mees Pierson Investment Finance S.A., a Geneva, Switzerland based private equity finance now subsidiary of Fortis Group. He earned his Bachelor of Science degree from Cornell University and is fluent in French and Mandarin.
  
   
Jing Liu
 
Jing Liu became a member of our Board of Directors on February 7, 2010.  Ms. Liu has extensive experience in finance and banking. From 2007 to 2009, Ms. Liu served on the board of directors of Guotai Asset Management Limited. During 2009, Ms. Liu served as a member of the board of directors of Southwest Securities Corporation. From 2005 to 2009, Ms. Liu served in various capacities, including General Manager of the Strategic Development and Equity Capital Departments, with China Jianyin Investment Limited, a state-owned investment company in the People’s Republic of China. From 1997 to 2005, Ms. Liu served as the Deputy Senior Manager of the Investment Banking Department at China Construction Bank. Ms. Liu holds a B.A. in investment management and an M.A. in finance from Dongbei University of Finance, and a Ph.D. in finance from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. In addition, Ms. Liu has passed both the Charter Financial Analyst and Financial Risk Manager exams.
 
Ms. Liu serves as a member of our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Governance Committee.
     
Tao Jin
 
Mr. Jin became a member of our Board of Directors on May 4, 2011.  Mr. Jin is Senior Partner with the Chinese law firm of Jincheng TongDa & Neal, based in Beijing, where he specializes in M&A, foreign investments in China and capital market transactions.  Mr. Jin started his legal practice in 1996 at the New York office of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton where he represented numerous investment banks and corporations in a variety of M&A and capital markets transactions.  Mr. Jin joined Sullivan & Cromwell’s Hong Kong office in 1999 where he continued to focus on M&A transactions.  His clients included major multinational corporations, investment banks, PRC corporations and private equity funds.  Mr. Jin joined JP Morgan’s legal department in 2002 as head legal counsel for M&A and capital market transactions in China.  Immediately prior to joining Jincheng TongDa, Mr. Jin was a partner with Jun He Law Offices from 2005 through 2010. Mr. Jin received his B.S from Beijing University and his J.D. from Columbia University, and is fluent in English and Mandarin.  Mr. Jin is admitted to the New York bar.
 
Mr. Jin serves as Chairman of our Compensation Committee and as a member of our Audit Committee and Governance and Nominating Committee.
 
 
45

 
 
     
Yang (Joanna) Wang
 
Ms. Wang became a member of our Board of Directors on May 25, 2011.  Most recently, Wang served as Senior Vice President of Oaktree Capital (Hong Kong) Limited, a U.S. private equity investment fund focused on mid-market opportunities worldwide, and was the head of the Beijing office and responsible for deal sourcing, execution, portfolio monitoring and formulating the fund’s investment strategy in China.  Prior to Oaktree, Ms. Wang served as Director of Real Estate Financings of Credit Suisse (Hong Kong) Limited, where she was responsible for execution and origination of debt and equity financings in China real estate sector.  Prior to Credit Suisse, Ms. Wang served in various management level positions with Agilent Technologies, a spin-off of Hewlett Packard, where she was responsible for Agilent’s investment in communication and semiconductor industries, as well as for leading due diligence, deal structuring and negotiation of M&A transactions in electronic, communications and life science industries.
 
Ms. Wang received her Bachelor of Business Administration in Risk Management and Finance from the College of Insurance in New York, and her M.B.A. from Harvard Business School.  Ms. Wang is fluent in English and Mandarin.
 
Ms. Wang serves as Chairwoman of our Audit Committee and as a member of our Compensation Committee and Governance and Nominating Committee.
 
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Our current corporate governance practices and policies are designed to promote stockholder value and we are committed to the highest standards of corporate ethics and diligent compliance with financial accounting and reporting rules. Our Board provides independent leadership in the exercise of its responsibilities. Our management oversees a system of internal controls and compliance with corporate policies and applicable laws and regulations, and our employees operate in a climate of responsibility, candor and integrity.

Corporate Governance Guidelines
 
We and our Board are committed to high standards of corporate governance as an important component in building and maintaining stockholder value. To this end, we regularly review our corporate governance policies and practices to ensure that they are consistent with the high standards of other companies. We also closely monitor guidance issued or proposed by the SEC and the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, as well as the emerging best practices of other companies. The current corporate governance guidelines are available on the Company’s website www.China-ACM.com. Printed copies of our corporate governance guidelines may be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Inc., Yingu Plaza, 9 Beisihuanxi Road, Suite 1708, Haidian District, Beijing 100080 PRC.

The Board and Committees of the Board

The Company is governed by the Board that currently consists of five members as identified above. On August 7, 2009, the Board established three committees: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Nominating and Governance Committee. Each of these committees are comprised entirely of independent directors. From time to time, the Board may establish other committees. The Board has adopted a written charter for each of the committees which may be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Inc., Yingu Plaza, 9 Beisihuanxi Road, Suite 1708, Haidian District, Beijing 100080 PRC or through our website at www.China-ACM.com.
 
 
46

 
 
Prior to establishing the committees of the Board of Directors, our entire Board of Directors handled the functions that would otherwise be handled by each of the committees.

Governance Structure
 
Currently, our Chief Executive Officer is also our Chairman. The Board of Directors believes that, at this time, having a combined Chief Executive Officer and Chairman is the appropriate leadership structure for the Company. In making this determination, the Board of Directors considered, among other matters, the size of the company as well as Mr. Han’s experience and tenure of having been Chairman and Chief Executive Officer since 2008, and felt that his experience, knowledge, and personality allowed him to serve ably as both Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Among the benefits of a combined Chief Executive Officer/Chairman considered by the Board of Directors is that such structure promotes clearer leadership and direction for our Company and allows for a single, focused chain of command to execute our strategic initiatives and business plans.  We have not appointed a lead independent director our Board of Directors.
 
The Board’s Role in Risk Oversight
 
The Board oversees that the assets of the Company are properly safeguarded, that the appropriate financial and other controls are maintained, and that the Company’s business is conducted wisely and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations and proper governance. Included in these responsibilities is the Board of Directors’ oversight of the various risks facing the Company. In this regard, the Board seeks to understand and oversee critical business risks. The Board does not view risk in isolation. Risks are considered in virtually every business decision and as part of the Company’s business strategy. The Board recognizes that it is neither possible nor prudent to eliminate all risk. Indeed, purposeful and appropriate risk-taking is essential for the Company to be competitive on a global basis and to achieve its objectives.
 
While the Board oversees risk management, Company management is charged with managing risk. The Company has robust internal processes and a strong internal control environment to identify and manage risks and to communicate with the Board. The Board and the Audit Committee monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the internal controls and the risk management program at least annually. The Board implements its risk oversight function both as a whole and through Committees. Much of the work is delegated to various Committees, which meet regularly and report back to the full Board. All Committees play significant roles in carrying out the risk oversight function. In particular:
 
 
The Audit Committee oversees risks related to the Company’s financial statements, the financial reporting process, accounting and legal matters. The Audit Committee oversees the internal audit function and the Company’s ethics programs, including the Codes of Business Conduct. The Audit Committee members meet separately with representatives of the independent auditing firm; and

 
The Compensation Committee evaluates the risks and rewards associated with the Company’s compensation philosophy and programs. The Compensation Committee reviews and approves compensation programs with features that mitigate risk without diminishing the incentive nature of the compensation. Management discusses with the Compensation Committee the procedures that have been put in place to identify and mitigate potential risks in compensation.
 
Independent Directors

Our Board has determined that the majority of the Board is comprised of “independent directors” within the meaning of applicable Nasdaq listing standards relating to Board composition and Section 301 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Our independent directors are Ms. Liu, Ms. Wang and Mr. Jin.
 
 
47

 
 
Audit Committee

Our audit committee consists of Ms. Liu, Ms. Wang and Mr. Jin, each of whom is “independent” as that term is defined under the Nasdaq listing standards. The audit committee oversees our accounting and financial reporting processes and the audits of the financial statements of our company. Ms. Wang serves as our audit committee financial expert as that term is defined by the applicable SEC rules. The audit committee is responsible for, among other things:

 
selecting our independent auditors and pre-approving all auditing and non-auditing services permitted to be performed by our independent auditors;

 
reviewing with our independent auditors any audit problems or difficulties and management’s response;
  
 
reviewing and approving all proposed related-party transactions, as defined in Item 404 of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended;

 
discussing the annual audited financial statements with management and our independent auditors;

 
reviewing major issues as to the adequacy of our internal controls and any special audit steps adopted in light of significant internal control deficiencies;

 
annually reviewing and reassessing the adequacy of our audit committee charter;

 
meeting separately and periodically with management and our internal and independent auditors; and

 
reporting to the full board of directors; and

 
such other matters that are specifically delegated to our audit committee by our board of directors from time to time.

Compensation Committee

Our compensation committee consists of Ms. Liu, Ms. Wang and Mr. Jin, each of whom is “independent” as that term is defined under the Nasdaq listing standards. Our compensation committee assists the board in reviewing and approving the compensation structure of our directors and executive officers, including all forms of compensation to be provided to our directors and executive officers. Our chief executive officer may not be present at any committee meeting during which his compensation is deliberated. The compensation committee is responsible for, among other things:

 
approving and overseeing the compensation package for our executive officers;

 
reviewing and making recommendations to the board with respect to the compensation of our directors;

 
reviewing and approving corporate goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of our chief executive officer, evaluating the performance of our chief executive officer in light of those goals and objectives, and setting the compensation level of our chief executive officer based on this evaluation; and

 
reviewing periodically and making recommendations to the board regarding any long-term incentive compensation or equity plans, programs or similar arrangements, annual bonuses, employee pension and welfare benefit plans.

The compensation committee has sole authority to retain and terminate outside counsel, compensation consultants retained to assist the compensation committee in determining the compensation of the Chief Executive Officer or senior executive officers, or other experts or consultants, as it deems appropriate, including sole authority to approve the firms' fees and other retention terms. The compensation committee may also form and delegate authority to subcommittees and may delegate authority to one or more designated members of the compensation committee. The compensation committee may from time to time seek recommendations from the executive officers of the Company regarding matters under the purview of the compensation committee, though the authority to act on such recommendations rests solely with the compensation committee.
 
 
48

 
 
Governance and Nominating Committee

Our governance and nominating committee consists of Ms. Liu, Ms. Wang and Mr. Jin, each of whom is “independent” as that term is defined under the Nasdaq listing standards. The governance and nominating committee assists the board of directors in identifying individuals qualified to become our directors and in determining the composition of the board and its committees. The governance and nominating committee is responsible for, among other things:

 
identifying and recommending to the board nominees for election or re-election to the board, or for appointment to fill any vacancy;

 
reviewing annually with the board the current composition of the board in light of the characteristics of independence, age, skills, experience and availability of service to us;

 
identifying and recommending to the board the directors to serve as members of the board’s committees; and
 
 
monitoring compliance with our code of business conduct and ethics.

Code of Ethics

The Board has adopted a Code of Conduct and Ethics that applies to the Company’s directors, officers and employees. A copy of this policy is available via our website at www.China-ACM.com. Printed copies of our Code of Ethics may be obtained, without charge, by contacting the Corporate Secretary, China Advanced Construction Materials Group, Inc., Yingu Plaza, 9 Beisihuanxi Road, Suite 1708, Haidian District, Beijing 100080 PRC. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2011, there were no waivers of our Code of Ethics.

Director Qualifications

Directors are responsible for overseeing the Company’s business consistent with their fiduciary duty to shareowners. This significant responsibility requires highly-skilled individuals with various qualities, attributes and professional experience. The Board believes that there are general requirements for service on the Company’s Board of Directors that are applicable to all directors and that there are other skills and experience that should be represented on the Board as a whole but not necessarily by each director. The Board and the Governance and Nominating Committee of the Board consider the qualifications of directors and director candidates individually and in the broader context of the Board’s overall composition and the Company’s current and future needs.
 
Qualifications for All Directors.  In its assessment of each potential candidate, including those recommended by shareowners, the Governance and Nominating Committee considers the nominee’s judgment, integrity, experience, independence, understanding of the Company’s business or other related industries and such other factors the Governance and Nominating Committee determines are pertinent in light of the current needs of the Board. The Governance and Nominating Committee also takes into account the ability of a director to devote the time and effort necessary to fulfill his or her responsibilities to the Company.

The Board and the Governance and Nominating Committee require that each director be a recognized person of high integrity with a proven record of success in his or her field. Each director must demonstrate innovative thinking, familiarity with and respect for corporate governance requirements and practices, an appreciation of multiple cultures and a commitment to sustainability and to dealing responsibly with social issues. In addition to the qualifications required of all directors, the Board assesses intangible qualities including the individual’s ability to ask difficult questions and, simultaneously, to work collegially.

The Board does not have a specific diversity policy, but considers diversity of race, ethnicity, gender, age, cultural background and professional experiences in evaluating candidates for Board membership. Diversity is important because a variety of points of view contribute to a more effective decision-making process.
 
Qualifications, Attributes, Skills and Experience to be Represented on the Board as a Whole.  The Board has identified particular qualifications, attributes, skills and experience that are important to be represented on the Board as a whole, in light of the Company’s current needs and business priorities. The Company’s services are performed in areas of future growth located outside of the United States. Accordingly, the Board believes that international experience or specific knowledge of key geographic growth areas and diversity of professional experiences should be represented on the Board. In addition, the Company’s business is multifaceted and involves complex financial transactions. Therefore, the Board believes that the Board should include some directors with a high level of financial literacy and some directors who possess relevant business experience as a Chief Executive Officer. Our business involves complex technologies in a highly specialized industry. Therefore, the Board believes that extensive knowledge of the Company’s business and industry should be represented on the Board. The Company’s business also requires compliance with a variety of regulatory requirements and relationships with various governmental entities. Therefore, the Board believes that governmental, political or diplomatic expertise should be represented on the Board.
 
 
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Summary of Qualifications of Current Directors
 
Set forth below is a summary of some of the specific qualifications, attributes, skills and experiences of our directors which we believe qualify them to serve on our Board. For more detailed information, please refer to the biographical information for each director set forth above.
 
Xianfu Han. Mr. Han has extensive senior management experience in the industry in which we operate, having served as our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman since September 2008 and as the Chairman of Xin Ao since 2003. Mr Han has over 25 years of management experience in the building material industry, and has worked extensively with various governmental agencies on behalf of our industry in Beijing.
 
Weili He. Mr. He has extensive experience in the concrete and construction industry, and has specific expertise in strategic planning and plant management and operation,
    
Jing Liu. Ms. Liu brings to the Board extensive experience in finance and banking, particularly within the PRC. Ms. Liu has passed both the Charter Financial Analyst and Financial Risk Manager exams, and has a high level of financial literacy and sophistication.

Tao Jin.  Mr. Jin brings to the Board extensive legal and transactional capital markets experience and has worked extensively with both U.S. and PRC based companies, and has a high level of both legal and financial literacy and sophistication.

Yang (Joanna) Wang.  Ms. Wang brings to the Board extensive experience in private equity, venture capital, corporate M&A and investment banking both in China and the U.S., and has a high level of financial literacy and sophistication.
 
Family Relationships

There is no family relationship among any of our officers or directors.

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings
 
To the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers has been convicted in a criminal proceeding, excluding traffic violations or similar misdemeanors, or has been a party to any judicial or administrative proceeding during the past ten years that resulted in a judgment, decree or final order enjoining the person from future violations of, or prohibiting activities subject to, federal or state securities laws, or a finding of any violation of federal or state securities laws, except for matters that were dismissed without sanction or settlement. Except as set forth in our discussion below in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions,” none of our directors, director nominees or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with us or any of our directors, executive officers, affiliates or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.
 
Item 11. Executive Compensation
 
Summary Compensation Table— Fiscal Years Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010

The following table sets forth information concerning all cash and non-cash compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the named persons for services rendered in all capacities during the noted periods. No other executive officers received total annual salary and bonus compensation in excess of $100,000 during the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.
 
 
50

 
 
Name and
Principal
Position
  
Year
Ended
June 30
 
Salary
($)
 
Bonus ($)
 
Stock
Awards
($)
 
Option
Awards
($)
 
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation
Earnings
($)
 
Non-
Qualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings
($)
 
All Other
Compensation
($)
 
Total
($)
  
Xianfu Han
Chairman and CEO
  
  
2011
 
140,000
                                 
140,000
 
   
2010
 
140,000
   
-
 
-
   
-
 
-
   
-
 
-
   
140,000
 
Weili He,
Vice Chairman and COO
   
2011
 
109,169
                                 
109,169
 
   
2010
 
109,342
   
-
 
-
   
-
 
-
   
-
 
-
   
109,342
 
Jeremy Goodwin
President and CFO
   
2011
 
180,000
       
123,912
                       
303,912
 
   
2010
 
90,000*
       
119,496
                       
209,496
 

*Equivalent to half a fiscal year January – June 2010

Employment Agreements

In connection with the reverse acquisition of BVI-ACM on April 29, 2008, Mr. Han was elected as our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer effective immediately. On May 1, 2008, we entered into a three year Employment Agreement with Mr. Han pursuant to which he will receive an annual salary of $140,000 for service as our Chief Executive Officer.

Upon termination of Mr. Han’s employment because of death, disability or for cause, the Company will pay or provide to Mr. Han or his estate, as the case may be (i) any unpaid base salary and any accrued vacation through the date of termination; (ii) any unpaid annual bonus accrued with respect to the fiscal year ending on or preceding the date of termination; (iii) reimbursement for any unreimbursed expenses properly incurred through the date of termination; and (iv) all other payments or benefits to which Mr. Han may be entitled under the terms of any applicable employee benefit plan, program or arrangement.
 
Upon the termination of Mr. Han’s employment by the Company without cause, the Company will pay or provide to Mr. Han (i) all amounts due as if Mr. Han’s employment were terminated because of death, disability or for cause, and (ii) subject to Mr. Han’s execution (and non-revocation) of a general release of claims against the Company and its affiliates in a form reasonably requested by the Company, (a) continued payment of his base salary for two months after termination, payable in accordance with the regular payroll practices of the Company, but off the payroll; and (b) payment of his cost of continued medical coverage for two (2) months after termination (subject to his co-payment of the costs in the same proportion as such costs were shared immediately prior to the date of termination). Payments provided under this Section 6(d) shall be in lieu of any termination or severance payments or benefits for which Mr. Han may be eligible under any of the plans, policies or programs of the Company.
 
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End

None.

Director Compensation

On October 3, 2008, we entered into a one year director agreement with Mr. Goodwin in connection with his service as a member of our board of directors. The agreement provides for a monthly fee of $3,500 and stock options to purchase an aggregate of 50,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.90 per share. The options vest in equal quarterly installments over the first twelve months of the agreement.

On February 7, 2010, we entered into a director agreement with Jing Liu pursuant to which she will receive, annually, a fee of $25,000 in cash and 10,000 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock, which shall vest in four equal quarterly installments.

On May 4, 2011, we entered into a director agreement with Tao Jin pursuant to which he will receive, annually, a fee of $25,000 in cash and 10,000 restricted shares of the Company’s common stock, which shall vest in four equal quarterly installments.

 
On May 25, 2011, we entered into a director agreement with Yang Wang pursuant to which she will receive, annually, a fee of $25,000 in cash and 10,000 restricted shares of the Company's common stock, which shall vest in four equal quarterly installments.
 
 
51

 
 
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
 
All current members of the Compensation Committee are independent directors, and all past members were independent directors at all times during their service on such Committee. None of the past or present members of our Compensation Committee are present or past employees or officers of ours or any of our subsidiaries. No member of the Compensation Committee has had any relationship with us requiring disclosure under Item 404 of Regulation S-K under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. None of our executive officers serves on the board of directors or compensation committee of a company that has an executive officer that serves on our Board or Compensation Committee.
 
Indemnification of Directors and Executive Officers and Limitation of Liability

The General Corporation Law of Delaware, Section 102(b)(7) provides that directors, officers, employees or agents of Delaware corporations are entitled, under certain circumstances, to be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) and other liabilities actually and reasonably incurred by them in connection with any suit brought against them in their capacity as a director, officer, employee or agent, if they acted in good faith and in a manner they reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, and with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, if they had no reasonable cause to believe their conduct was unlawful. This statute provides that directors, officers, employees and agents may also be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by them in connection with a derivative suit brought against them in their capacity as a director, if they acted in good faith and in a manner they reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation, except that no indemnification may be made without court approval if such person was adjudged liable to the corporation.
 
On July 26 2011, the Company issued a press release announcing that its board of directors received a preliminary, non-binding offer from its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Xianfu Han, and its Vice Chairman and Chief Operating Officer, Mr. Weili He, to acquire all of the outstanding shares of the Company's common stock not currently owned by them in a going private transaction at a proposed price of $2.65 per share in cash (“Proposed Transaction”).

As of the date of this report, the Company and the members of our board of directors are named as defendants in purported class action lawsuits (the “Stockholder Actions”) brought in the Delaware Court of Chancery by several stockholders: Kinder v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6729-CS (filed July 29, 2011); McElligott v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6739-CS (filed August 2, 2011); Elias v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6754-CS (filed August 5, 2011); Camitta v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6770-CS (filed August 9, 2011); Jaworski v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6765-CS (filed August 11, 2011); Bolen v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6811-CS (filed August 26, 2011); and Mulder v. China Advanced Construction Material Group, Inc., and its Board of Directors et al., C.A. No. 6830-CS (filed September 1, 2011).. The Stockholder Actions generally allege that the Company and all of our directors breached their fiduciary duties in connection with the receipt by the Company of a preliminary, non-binding offer to consummate the Proposed Transaction. The Stockholder Actions seek, among other things, to declare that the Proposed Transaction is unfair, unjust and inequitable, to enjoin the Company from taking any steps necessary to accomplish or implement the Proposed Transaction, and damages in the event the Proposed Transaction is consummated.

Changes in Control

There are currently no arrangements which may result in a change in control of the Company..

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires directors, executive officers and stockholders who own more than ten percent of the outstanding Common Stock of the Company to file with the SEC and NASDAQ reports of ownership and changes in ownership of voting securities of the Company and to furnish copies of such reports to us.

Based solely on a review of the copies of such forms received by the Company, we believe that with respect to the year ended June 30, 2011, the Company’s directors, officers and more than ten-percent stockholders timely filed all such required forms except as follows:  Messrs. Han, He and Goodwin, Ms. Liu and our former directors Larry Goldman, Denis Slavich and Sean Wang, were late in filing their Form 3s.  Ms. Liu and Mr. Sean Wang were late in filing Form 4s for one reportable transaction, Mr. Goldman was late in filing Form 4s for two reportable transactions, and Mr. Slavich and Mr. Goodwin were late in filing  Form 4s for three reportable transactions.
 
 
52

 
 
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The following table sets forth, as of September 22, 2011, certain information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common shares by each shareholder known by us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our common shares, as well as by each of our current directors and executive officers as a group. Each person has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares of common stock, except as otherwise indicated. Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and does not necessarily bear on the economic incidents of ownership or the rights to transfer the shares described below. Unless otherwise indicated, (a) each stockholder has sole voting power and dispositive power with respect to the indicated shares and (b) the address of each stockholder who is a director or executive officer is c/o Yingu Plaza, #1708, 9 Beisihuanxi Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100080, China.
 
Name & Address of Beneficial Owner
Office, If Any
  
 
Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership
 
Percent of
Class (1) (2)
 
     
 
Officers and Directors
             
Xianfu Han (3)
Chairman and CEO
   
5,785,750
   
32.49
%
Weile He (4)
Vice Chairman and COO
   
3,023,833
   
16.98
%
Jeremy Goodwin
President and CFO
   
77,000
   
*
 
Jing Liu
Director
 
 
15,000
 
 
*
 
Tao Jin
Director
 
 
2,500
 
 
*
 
Yang Wang
Director
 
 
2,500
 
 
*
 
All officers and directors as a group (7 persons named above)
     
8,906,583
   
50.02
%
 
5% Security Holders
             
Xianfu Han (3)
Chairman and CEO
   
5,785,750
   
32.49
%
Weile He (4)
Vice Chairman and COO
   
3,023,833
   
16.98
%
 *Less than 1%
               
 
(1)
As of the close of business on September 22, 2011, there were 17,806,887 shares of our common stock outstanding.
   
(2)
In determining beneficial ownership of the common stock, the number of shares shown includes shares which the beneficial owner may acquire within 60 days of August 20, 2010 upon exercise of convertible securities, warrants or options. In accordance with Rule 13d-3 in determining the percentage of common stock owned by a person on August 20, 2010 (a) the numerator is the number of shares of the class beneficially owned by such person, including shares which the beneficial owner may acquire within 60 days upon conversion or exercise of the warrants and other convertible securities, and (b) the denominator is the sum of (i) the total shares of that class outstanding on August 20, 2010, and (ii) the total number of shares that the beneficial owner may acquire upon conversion or exercise of other securities. Unless otherwise stated, each beneficial owner has sole power to vote and dispose of the shares.
   
(3)
On June 11, 2008, Mr. Han entered into a Securities Escrow Agreement by and among the investors to the private placement that closed on June 11, 2008 and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, or AST, whereby 3,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by Mr. Han were placed into escrow, with AST appointed as the escrow agent. The 3,500,000 shares were thereafter transferred into the name of AST and are to be held in escrow and released to Mr. Han if the Company does, or to the investors if the Company does not, meet certain performance milestones described in the Securities Escrow Agreement. Mr. Han maintains voting power over all 3,000,000 shares until such time as any such shares are transferred to the investors, at which time, such transferred shares will be beneficially owned by such investors.
   
(4)
On June 11, 2008, Mr. He entered into a Securities Escrow Agreement by and among the investors to the private placement that closed on June 11, 2008 and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, or AST, whereby 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock owned by Mr. He were placed into escrow, with AST appointed as the escrow agent. The 1,500,000 shares were thereafter transferred into the name of AST and are to be held in escrow and released to Mr. He if the Company does, or to the investors if the Company does not, meet certain performance milestones described in the Securities Escrow Agreement. Mr. He maintains voting power over all 1,500,000 shares until such time as any such shares are transferred to the investors, at which time, such transferred shares will be beneficially owned by such investors.
 
 
53

 

 
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

Transactions with Related Persons

Except as discussed below, since the beginning of the last fiscal year, there have not been any transaction, nor is there any currently proposed transaction, in which we were or are to be a participant and the amount involved exceeded or exceeds $120,000, and in which any related person had or will have a direct or indirect material interest (other than compensation described under “Executive Compensation”).

Mr. He Weili, the Company’s Chief Operating Officer, leased office space to the Company at approximately the current fair market value from July 2009 to June 2011 with annual payments of approximately $176,000. For the years ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company recorded rent expense to the shareholder in the amount of approximately $176,000 for fiscal 2011 and $173,000 for fiscal 2010. As of June 30, 2011 and 2010, approximately $40,000 and $22,000, respectively, remained unpaid.

Policies and Procedures for Review, Approval or Ratification of Transactions with Related Persons

We are in the process of finalizing a written related-person transactions policy that sets forth our policies and procedures regarding the identification, review, consideration and approval or ratification of “related-persons transactions.” For purposes of our policy only, a “related-person transaction” will be a transaction, arrangement or relationship (or any series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships) in which we and any “related person” are participants involving an amount that exceeds $50,000. Transactions involving compensation for services provided to us as an employee, director, consultant or similar capacity by a related person will not be covered by this policy. A related person will be any executive officer, director or a holder of more than five percent of our common stock, including any of their immediate family members and any entity owned or controlled by such persons.
 
Under the policy, we expect that where a transaction has been identified as a related-person transaction, management must present information regarding the proposed related-person transaction to our audit committee (or, where approval by our audit committee would be inappropriate, to another independent body of our board of directors) for consideration and approval or ratification. The presentation will be expected to include a description of, among other things, the material facts, and the direct and indirect interests of the related persons, the benefits of the transaction to us and whether any alternative transactions are available. To identify related-person transactions in advance, we will rely on information supplied by our executive officers, directors and certain significant stockholders. In considering related-person transactions, our audit committee will take into account the relevant available facts and circumstances including, but not limited to:
 
the risks, costs and benefits to us;
the impact on a director’s independence in the event the related person is a director, immediate family member of a director or an entity with which a director is affiliated;
the terms of the transaction;
the availability of other sources for comparable services or products; and
the terms available to or from, as the case may be, unrelated third parties or to or from our employees generally.
 
 
54

 
 
In the event a director has an interest in the proposed transaction, the director must excuse himself or herself form the deliberations and approval. Our policy will require that, in determining whether to approve, ratify or reject a related-person transaction, our audit committee must consider, in light of known circumstances, whether the transaction is in, or is not inconsistent with, the best interests of our company and our stockholders, as our audit committee determines in the good faith exercise of its discretion. We did not previously have a formal policy concerning transactions with related persons.

Promoters and Certain Control Persons

We did not have any promoters at any time during the past five fiscal years.

Except as set forth in our discussion above, none of our directors, director nominees or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with us or any of our directors, executive officers, affiliates or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

The aggregate fees billed for the most recently completed fiscal year ended June 30, 2011 and for fiscal year ended June 30, 2010 for professional services rendered by the principal accountant for the audit of our annual financial statements and review of the financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-QSB and services that are normally provided by the accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for these fiscal periods were as follows:
 
 
  
Years Ended
  
  
  
June 30, 2011
  
  
June 30, 2010
 
Audit Fees
 
$
122,000
   
$
100,000
 
Interim Financial Review Fees
   
60,000
     
60,000
 
Tax Fees
   
13,000
     
11,000
 
All Other Fees
   
0
     
61,090
 
Total
 
$
195,000
   
$
232,090
 
 
Our board of directors pre-approves all services provided by our independent auditors. All of the above services and fees were reviewed and approved by the board of directors either before or after the respective services were rendered.

Our board of directors has considered the nature and amount of fees billed by our independent auditors and believes that the provision of services for activities unrelated to the audit is compatible with maintaining our independent auditors’ independence.

PART IV

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a)
Financial Statements

 
(1)
Financial statements for our company are listed in the index under Item 8 of this document

 
(2)
All financial statement schedules are omitted because they are not applicable, not material or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto.

(b)
Exhibits
 
 
55

 
 
Exhibit
     
Filed
   
Index
 
Description of Document
 
Herewith
 
Incorporated by Reference To:
             
3.1
 
Articles of Incorporation of the Registrant as filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware on February 13, 2007, as amended to date.
     
Exhibits 3.1 and 3.1a to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 filed on March 26, 2007.
             
3.2
 
Amended and Restated Bylaws of the registrant.
     
Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form SB-2 filed on March 26, 2007.
             
4.1
 
Certificate of Designation for Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
     
Exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
4.2
 
Lock-Up Agreement amongst Registrant, Xianfu Han and Weili He dated June 11, 2008
     
Exhibit 4.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.1
 
Employment Agreement with Xiangsheng Xu
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 5, 2008.
             
10.2
 
Employment Agreement with Weili He
     
Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 5, 2008.
             
10.3
 
Employment Agreement with Xianfu Han
     
Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 5, 2008.
10.4
 
Employment Agreement with Alex Yao
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 7, 2008.
             
10.5
 
Subscription Escrow Agreement between the Registrant, Maxim Group, LLC and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company as Escrow Agent dated June 11, 2008.
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.6
 
Make Good Escrow Agreement by and among the Registrant, the Investors, the Investor Representative, Xianfu Han and Weili He, and American Stock Transfer & Trust Company as Escrow Agent, dated June 11, 2008
     
Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.7
 
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant
     
Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.8
 
Form of Placement Agent Stock Purchase Warrant
     
Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.9
 
Escrow Agreement for IR and Dividends by and among the Registrant, the Investor Representative, Maxim Group, LLC and Anslow + Jaclin, LLP as Escrow Agent
     
Exhibit 10.5 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 13, 2008.
             
10.10
 
2009 Equity Incentive Plan
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 25, 2009.
             
10.11
 
Form of Subscription Agreement with Chinese Investors
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 3, 2009.
             
10.12
 
Director Agreement, dated August 15, 2009, between the Company and Denis Slavich.
     
Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 17, 2009.
             
10.13
 
Director Agreement, dated August 15, 2009, between the Company and Sean Wang.
     
Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 17, 2009.
             
10.14
 
Director Agreement, dated August 15, 2009, between the Company and Larry Goldman.
     
Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on August 17, 2009.
             
 
Consent of Frazer Frost, LLP
 
ü
   
 
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Cert