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EX-31.2 - EXHIBIT 31.2 - INNERWORKINGS INCv230667_ex31-2.htm
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EX-31.1 - EXHIBIT 31.1 - INNERWORKINGS INCv230667_ex31-1.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 


 
FORM 10-Q
 

 
x
Quarterly Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011
 
¨
Transition Report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from                      to
            
Commission File Number 000-52170      
 
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 

 
Delaware
 
20-5997364
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
    
600 West Chicago Avenue, Suite 850
Chicago, Illinois 60654
Phone: (312) 642-3700
(Address (including zip code) and telephone number (including area code) of registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes:   x     No:   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes:   x     No:   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is an a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one:
 
Large accelerated filer:   ¨
  
Accelerated filer:   x
Non-accelerated filer:   ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company   ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes:    ¨     No:   x
 
As of August 8, 2011, the Registrant had 46,456,710 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, outstanding.
 
 
 

 
 
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
   
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
     
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
   1
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011 (Unaudited)
   1
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and June 30, 2011 (Unaudited)
   2
     
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011 (Unaudited)
   3
     
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
   4
     
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
  13
     
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
  19
     
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
  19
   
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
     
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
  20
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
  20
     
Item 6.
Exhibits
  20
   
SIGNATURES
  21
   
EXHIBIT INDEX
  22
 
 
 

 
   
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.       Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
   
Three Months Ended June 30,
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
 
Revenue
 
$
120,471,286
   
$
155,611,981
   
$
232,683,832
   
$
300,792,673
 
Cost of goods sold
   
91,431,674
     
119,269,983
     
176,711,690
     
231,122,765
 
Gross profit
   
29,039,612
     
36,341,998
     
55,972,142
     
69,669,908
 
Operating expenses:
                               
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
   
22,172,634
     
27,711,286
     
44,177,058
     
54,701,523
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
2,215,219
     
2,472,456
     
4,332,844
     
4,894,501
 
Preference claim liability
   
-
     
950,000
     
-
     
950,000
 
Income from operations
   
4,651,759
     
5,208,256
     
7,462,240
     
9,123,884
 
Other income (expense):
                               
Gain on sale of investment
   
802,548
     
998,325
     
1,525,930
     
1,977,826
 
Interest income
   
62,099
     
19,065
     
133,016
     
100,391
 
Interest expense
   
(543,704
)
   
(464,308
)
   
(784,396
)
   
(1,060,293
)
Other, net
   
(104,383
)
   
(76,252
)
   
(132,891
)
   
(154,466
)
Total other income
   
216,560
     
476,830
     
741,659
     
863,458
 
Income before taxes
   
4,868,319
     
5,685,086
     
8,203,899
     
9,987,342
 
Income tax expense
   
1,726,198
     
1,985,077
     
2,893,651
     
3,496,981
 
Net income
 
$
3,142,121
   
$
3,700,009
   
$
5,310,248
   
$
6,490,361
 
                                 
Basic earnings per share
 
$
0.07
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.12
   
$
0.14
 
Diluted earnings per share
 
$
0.07
   
$
0.08
   
$
0.11
   
$
0.13
 
 

See accompanying notes.
 
 
1

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
   
December 31,
   
June 30,
 
   
2010
   
2011
 
Assets
       
(unaudited)
 
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
5,259,272
   
$
7,975,429
 
Short-term investments
   
4,284,614
     
3,651,175
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3,610,977 and $3,349,047, respectively
   
85,654,403
     
102,727,882
 
Unbilled revenue
   
24,626,558
     
27,971,096
 
Inventories
   
9,674,961
     
12,387,029
 
Prepaid expenses
   
9,836,486
     
12,066,727
 
Advances to related parties
   
93,191
     
133,436
 
Deferred income taxes
   
307,396
     
571,627
 
Other current assets-
   
6,739,093
     
8,459,055
 
Total current assets
   
146,475,974
     
175,943,456
 
Property and equipment, net
   
9,887,004
     
10,613,100
 
Intangibles and other assets:
               
Goodwill
   
93,476,206
     
119,841,920
 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $9,789,144 and $11,498,938, respectively
   
23,058,774
     
26,213,367
 
Deposits
   
435,154
     
416,246
 
Deferred income taxes
   
5,899,620
     
6,346,964
 
Other assets
   
692,048
     
519,469
 
     
123,561,802
     
153,337,966
 
Total assets
 
$
279,924,780
   
$
339,894,522
 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable-trade
 
$
55,604,566
   
$
72,553,052
 
Advances from related parties
   
166,259
     
1,148,225
 
Current maturities of capital lease obligations
   
21,069
     
9,338
 
Due to seller
   
560,000
     
5,100,457
 
Customer deposits
   
414,050
     
502,168
 
Other liabilities
   
3,918,897
     
4,850,028
 
Accrued expenses
   
8,253,354
     
19,139,815
 
Total current liabilities
   
68,938,195
     
103,303,083
 
Revolving credit facility
   
47,400,000
     
53,900,000
 
Capital lease obligations, less current maturities
   
7,140
     
2,711
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
3,395,346
     
14,365,730
 
Total liabilities
   
119,740,681
     
171,571,524
 
Stockholders' equity:
               
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, 46,092,291 and 46,456,710, shares were issued and outstanding as of
 
     December 31, 2010 and June 30, 2011, respectively
   
461
     
465
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
174,537,524
     
176,821,759
 
Treasury stock at cost
   
(74,307,200
)
   
(74,307,200
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
2,934,381
     
2,298,680
 
Retained earnings
   
57,018,933
     
63,509,294
 
Total stockholders' equity
   
160,184,099
     
168,322,998
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
279,924,780
   
$
339,894,522
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.

 
2

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
   
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
   
2010
   
2011
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net income
 
$
5,310,248
   
$
6,490,361
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1,449,153
     
1,317,834
 
Stock compensation expense
   
1,397,369
     
1,770,140
 
Excess tax benefit of stock options exercised
   
-
     
(288,705
)
Depreciation and amortization
   
4,332,844
     
4,894,501
 
Deferred financing amortization
   
110,603
     
163,323
 
Gain on sale of investment
   
(1,525,930
)
   
(1,977,826
)
Bad debt provision
   
1,167,317
     
1,606,114
 
Change in assets, net of acquisitions:
               
Accounts receivable and unbilled revenue
   
(13,980,574
)
   
(15,264,783
)
Inventories
   
394,473
     
(1,485,691
)
Prepaid expenses and other
   
4,283,216
     
(3,380,787
)
Change in liabilities, net of acquisitions:
               
Accounts payable
   
654,851
     
7,108,815
 
Advances to related parties
   
140,639
     
941,721
 
Customer deposits
   
(2,868,543
)
   
88,118
 
Accrued expenses and other
   
(859,067
)
   
2,893,112
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
6,599
     
4,876,247
 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Purchases of property and equipment
   
(2,757,864
)
   
(4,223,484
)
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities
   
1,533,118
     
1,987,206
 
Proceeds from sale of short-term investments
   
8,997,170
     
-
 
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
   
(6,040,738
)
   
(6,864,604
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
1,731,686
     
(9,100,882
)
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Principal payments on capital lease obligations
   
(73,656
)
   
(17,091
)
Net borrowings (repayments) from revolving credit facility and short-term debt
   
(928,786
)
   
6,500,000
 
Issuance of shares
   
-
     
225,393
 
Tax benefit of stock options exercised
   
(88,821
)
   
288,705
 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
   
(1,091,263
)
   
6,997,007
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
   
(36,104
)
   
(56,215
)
Increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
610,918
     
2,716,157
 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
2,903,906
     
5,259,272
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
3,514,824
   
$
7,975,429
 
 

See accompanying notes.
 
 
3

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Three and Six Months June 30, 2010 and 2011

1.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation of Interim Financial Statements
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of InnerWorkings, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) included herein have been prepared to conform to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial information. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the accompanying unaudited financial statements have been included, and all adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. The operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year of 2011. These condensed interim consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto as of December 31, 2010 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2011.
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
The functional currency for the Company’s foreign operations is the local currency. Assets and liabilities of these operations are translated into U.S. currency at the rates of exchange at the balance sheet date. The resulting translation adjustments are included in accumulated other comprehensive income, a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Income and expense items are translated at average monthly rates of exchange. Realized gains and losses from foreign currency transactions were not material.
 
Reclassifications
 
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.

Goodwill and Other Intangibles
 
Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price and related costs over the value assigned to the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets of businesses acquired. In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, goodwill is not amortized, but instead is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate a possible impairment may exist. The Company evaluates the recoverability of goodwill using a two-step impairment test. For goodwill impairment test purposes, the Company has one reporting unit. In the first step, the fair value for the Company is compared to its book value including goodwill. In the case that the fair value is less than the book value, a second step is performed which compares the implied fair value of goodwill to the book value of goodwill. The fair value for the goodwill is determined based on the difference between the fair value of the Company and the net fair values of the identifiable assets and liabilities. If the implied fair value of the goodwill is less than the book value, the difference is recognized as an impairment. Absent any interim indicators of impairment, the Company has elected to test for goodwill impairment during the fourth quarter of each year, and as a result of the 2010 analysis performed, no impairment charges were required.
 
     The following is a summary of the goodwill balance as of June 30:
 
Balance as of December 31, 2010
  $ 93,476,206  
Goodwill acquired related to 2011 acquisitions
    20,467,909  
Finalization of purchase accounting for prior year acquisitions 
    5,860,105  
Foreign exchange effects
    37,700  
Balance as of June 30, 2011
  $ 119,841,920  


 
4

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

 
 In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, the Company amortizes its intangible assets with finite lives over their respective estimated useful lives and reviews for impairment whenever impairment indicators exist. The Company’s intangible assets consist of customer lists, noncompete agreements, trade names and patents. The Company’s customer lists, which have an estimated weighted-average useful life of fourteen years, are being amortized using the economic life method. The Company’s noncompete agreements, trade names and patents are being amortized on the straight-line basis over their estimated weighted-average useful lives of approximately four years, thirteen years and ten years, respectively.
 
The following is a summary of the intangible assets:
 
 
  
December 31,
2010
   
June 30,
2011
 
Weighted-
Average Life
Customer lists
  
$
28,548,856
  
 
$
33,375,727
  
14.0 years
Noncompete agreements
  
 
1,000,016
  
   
1,010,217
  
4.0 years
Trade names
  
 
3,260,590
  
   
3,287,905
  
12.5 years
Patents
  
 
38,456
  
   
38,456
  
10.0 years
 
  
               
 
  
 
32,847,918
  
   
37,712,305
  
 
Less accumulated amortization
  
 
(9,789,144
)
   
(11,498,938
)
 
 
  
               
Intangible assets, net
  
$
23,058,774
  
 
$
26,213,367
  
 

Amortization expense related to these intangible assets was $837,722 and $1,709,794 for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and $772,237 and $1,311,223 for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
 
The estimated amortization expense for the next five years is as follows:
 
2011
  $ 1,581,709  
2012
    2,865,326  
2013
    2,597,745  
2014
    2,418,682  
2015
    2,274,867  
Thereafter
    14,475,038  
         
    $ 26,213,367  
   
 
5

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)
 
 
Acquisitions

During 2011, the Company acquired companies that provide procurement and production management of printed and promotional products.  The initial purchase price for these acquisitions totaled $5,281,387, net of cash acquired.  As a result of these acquisitions, the Company broadened its geographic resources and added sales executives and their corresponding production teams.  None of these acquisitions were material individually or in the aggregate.  Pro forma results of these acquisitions in 2011 have not been included as these acquisitions do not have a material impact in the Company's financial statements.
 
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of acquisition.  At June 30, 2011, the purchase price allocations for these acquisitions are preliminary and subject to change as more detailed analysis are completed and additional information about their fair value of assets and liabilities becomes available. 
 
Accounts receivable
 
$
6,700,379
 
Inventory
   
1,171,710
 
Other assets
   
460,093
 
Customer list
   
4,748,443
 
Goodwill
   
20,467,909
 
Accounts payable
   
(9,643,822
Other current liabilities
   
(2,278,759
Contingent consideration liability
   
(16,185,120
         
Net purchase price
 
$
5,281,387
 
 
In connection with certain of the Company’s acquisitions, contingent consideration is payable in cash upon the achievement of certain performance measures over future periods. For acquisitions prior to December 31, 2008, contingent consideration payments will be recorded as additional purchase price. The Company paid $502,313 and $1,002,313 related to these agreements in the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  Total remaining potential contingent payments under these agreements amount to $15,008,790 as of June 30, 2011. For the acquisitions occurring subsequent to January 1, 2009, the Company has estimated and recorded potential contingent consideration as an increase in purchase price. As of June 30, 2011, this amount is $21,212,962, of which $14,365,730 is included in other long-term liabilities on the balance sheet and the remainder is included in accrued expenses.  Any future adjustments related to the acquisitions occurring after January 1, 2009 to the valuation of contingent consideration will be recorded in the Company’s results from operations.
 
As of June 30, 2011, the potential contingent payments are payable in the years as follows:
 
2011
  $ 13,407,903  
2012
    9,803,824  
2013
    5,888,990  
2014
    5,114,580  
2015
    2,006,455  
         
    $ 36,221,752  
  
 
6

 

InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)


Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The Company accounts for its financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value within the financial statements in accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure (ASC 820). ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. In accordance with this interpretation, the Company has only applied ASC 820 with respect to its financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value within the financial statements. The Company’s investments in cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value. See Notes 5 and 6 for additional information on fair value measurements.
  
Stock-Based Compensation
 
Since January 1, 2006, the Company has accounted for nonvested equity awards in accordance with ASC 718, Compensation -Stock Compensation. Compensation expense is based on the difference, if any, on the grant date between the estimated fair value of the Company stock and the exercise price of the options to purchase that stock. The compensation expense is then amortized over the vesting period of the stock options. All stock-based compensation expense is recorded net of an estimated forfeiture rate. The forfeiture rate is based upon historical activity and is analyzed annually and as actual forfeitures occur.
 
During the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company issued 618,374 and 286,877 options, respectively, to various employees of the Company. In addition, during the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company granted 271,594 and 546,681 restricted common shares, respectively, to employees. During the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, 321,186 and 31,862 options were exercised and restricted common shares vested, respectively, 206,528 and 729 of which were exercised and vested during the three month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Using the Black-Scholes option valuation model and the assumptions listed below, the Company recorded $1,770,140 and $1,397,369 in compensation expense for the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.
 
The following assumptions were utilized in the valuation for options granted in 2010 and 2011:
 
   
2010
   
2011
 
Dividend yield
   
   
Risk-free interest rate
   
3.13-3.25
%
   
2.19-2.90
%
Expected life
 
7 years
   
7 years
 
Volatility
   
47.5
%
   
47.5
%
 
 
7

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)
 
 
2.
Earnings Per Share
 
Basic earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income by the weighted average shares outstanding plus share equivalents that would arise from the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted common shares. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, 1,422,748 and 1,527,621 options and restricted common shares were excluded from the calculation as these options and restricted common shares were anti-dilutive. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, 1,735,394 and 1,760,394 options and restricted common shares were excluded from the calculation as these options and restricted common shares were anti-dilutive.  The computations of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011 are as follows:
 
   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
 
Numerator:
                       
Net income
  $ 3,142,121     $ 3,700,009     $ 5,310,248     $ 6,490,361  
                                 
Denominator:
                               
Denominator for basic earnings per share—weighted-average shares
    45,659,907       46,433,846       45,656,230       46,281,531  
Effect of dilutive securities:
                               
Employee stock options and restricted common shares
    1,916,421       1,985,804       1,827,816       2,094,085  
                                 
Denominator for dilutive earnings per share
    47,576,328       48,419,650       47,484,046       48,375,616  
                                 
Basic earnings per share
  $ 0.07     $ 0.08     $ 0.12     $ 0.14  
                                 
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 0.07     $ 0.08     $ 0.11     $ 0.13  
 
3.
Comprehensive Income
   
Three Months Ended
June 30,
   
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
   
2010
   
2011
   
2010
   
2011
 
Net income
  $ 3,142,121     $ 3,700,009     $ 5,310,248     $ 6,490,361  
Other comprehensive income (loss):
                               
Change in unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of tax
    (677,387 )     (201,356 )     (991,830 )     (641,749 )
Change in foreign currency translation adjustment
    (3,073 )     (192,252 )     (241,825 )     6,048  
                                 
Total comprehensive income
  $ 2,461,661     $ 3,306,401     $ 4,076,593     $ 5,854,660  
 

 
8

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)
 
 
4.
Related Party
 
Investment in Echo Global Logistics, Inc.
 
In February 2005, the Company acquired 2,000,000 shares of common stock of Echo Global Logistics, Inc. (Echo), a technology enabled transportation and logistics business process outsourcing firm, for $125,000. Echo is a related party to the Company as a majority of the members of the Company’s Board of Directors have a direct and/or indirect ownership interest in Echo.
 
On September 25, 2009, Echo completed a one-for-two reverse stock split of all outstanding shares of its capital stock and immediately following, recapitalized all outstanding shares into newly issued shares of common stock on approximately a one-for-one basis. Echo recapitalized its outstanding capital stock in connection with its initial public offering.  
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2011, the Company sold 64,665 of its shares of Echo’s common stock for $1,002,361 and recorded a gain on sale of investment of $998,325.  During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company sold 150,165 of its shares of Echo’s common stock for $1,987,206 and recorded a gain on sale of investment of $1,977,826. Beginning September 30, 2009, the Company has classified this investment as “available for sale” and has recorded it at fair value, which is determined based on quoted market prices (refer to Note 5 for additional information on these securities).   The gain on sale of investment is included in other income.  The Company’s investment in Echo was recorded at cost prior to the completion of Echo’s initial public offering.  At December 31, 2010 and June 30, 2011, the Company owned 355,865 and 205,700 shares of Echo’s common stock, respectively.
   
Agreements and Services with Related Parties
 
In the ordinary course, the Company provides print procurement services to Echo. The total amount billed for such print procurement services during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 were approximately $21,000 and $40,000, respectively.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the company billed approximately $16,000 and $24,000, respectively.   In addition, Echo has provided transportation services to the Company. As consideration for these services, Echo billed the Company approximately $1.2 million and $3.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, Echo billed the Company approximately $1.6 million and $3.2 million, respectively.  The net amount payable to Echo at June 30, 2011 was $1,014,789.
    
5.
Valuation of Equity Investments
 
As discussed in Note 1, Fair Value of Financial Instruments, the Company applies ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure (ASC 820), to its financial assets and liabilities.  At June 30, 2011, the Company’s financial assets relate to their available-for-sale securities and are included in short-term investments.
 
The Company has classified its investment in Echo as “available for sale” in accordance with ASC 320, Investments – Debt and Equity Securities in connection with Echo’s initial public offering. The investment is stated at fair value based on market prices, with any unrealized gains and losses included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. Any realized gains and losses and dividends will be included in other income. At June 30, 2011, the Company’s investment in Echo, which has a cost basis of $52,092, was carried at fair value of $3,651,175. The unrealized gain of $3,599,083 is included in accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax of $1,441,792.
 
 
9

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)
 
6.
Fair Value Measurement
 
ASC 820 includes a fair value hierarchy that is intended to increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures. The fair value hierarchy is based on observable or unobservable inputs to valuation techniques that are used to measure fair value. Observable inputs reflect assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability based on market data obtained from independent sources while unobservable inputs reflect a reporting entity’s pricing based upon its own market assumptions.
 
The fair value hierarchy consists of the following three levels:
 
 
Level 1: Inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
 
Level 2: Inputs are quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in an active market, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable and market-corroborated inputs, which are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data.

 
Level 3: Inputs that are derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or value drivers are unobservable.
 
 The Company's potential contingent consideration payments relating to acquisitions occurring subsequent to January 1, 2009 are its only Level 3 liabilities as of June 30, 2011.  The fair value of these liabilities are estimated using a present value analysis as of June 30, 2011.  This analysis considers, among other items, the financial forecasts of future operating results of the seller, the probability of reaching the forecast and the associated discount rate. 
       
The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the basis of measurement at June 30, 2011:
 
  
 
Total Fair Value
Measurement
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets:
                       
Money market funds(1)
 
$
1,663,831
   
$
1,663,831
   
$
   
$
 
Available for sale securities(2)
   
3,651,175
     
3,651,175
     
     
 
                                 
Total assets
 
$
5,315,006
   
$
5,315,006
   
$
   
$
 
                                 
Liabilities:
                               
 Due to seller (3)
 
$
(21,212,962
 
$
   
$
   
$
(21,212,962
)
 
(1)
Included in cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet.
(2)
Included in short-term investments on the balance sheet.
(3)
Included in other long-term liabilities and accrued expenses on the balance sheet.
 
 
10

 
 
InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)

 
     The following table sets forth the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the basis of measurement at December 31, 2010:
 
  
 
Total Fair Value
Measurement
   
Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   
Significant Other
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
   
Significant
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Assets:
                       
Money market funds(1)
 
$
1,662,162
   
$
1,662,162
   
$
   
$
 
Available for sale securities(2)
   
4,284,614
     
4,284,614
     
     
 
                                 
Total assets
 
$
5,946,776
   
$
5,946,776
   
$
   
$
 
                                 
Liabilities:
                               
 Due to seller (3)
 
$
(4,917,442
 
$
   
$
   
$
(4,917,442
)
 
(1)
Included in cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet.
(2)
Included in short-term investments on the balance sheet.
(3)
Included in other long-term liabilities, due to seller and accrued expenses on the balance sheet.
  
The following table provides a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the liabilities measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3):
 
   
Fair Value Measurements
 at  Reporting Date
Using Significant 
Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)
 
   
Due to Seller
 
Balance at December 31, 2010
  $ (4,917,442 )
Contingent earnout payments - acquisitions
    (16,344,566
Payments made to seller
    310,000  
Contingent earnout payments - change in fair value (1)
    (260,954
         
Balance as of June 30, 2011
  $ (21,212,962 )
 
(1)
Adjustments to original contingent consideration obligations recorded were the result of using revised financial forecasts and updated fair value measurements. 
 
 
11

 

InnerWorkings, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)—(Continued)
 

7.
Commitments and Contingencies
 
In 2011, in connection with the Circuit City Stores, Inc. (“Circuit City”) bankruptcy proceedings, the Trustee of the Circuit City Liquidating Trust, filed a lawsuit against the Company in United States Bankruptcy Court in the Eastern District of Virginia for the avoidance of payments as allegedly preferential transfers of $3.2 million paid to the Company during the 90 days preceding the filing of the bankruptcy petition of Circuit City on November 10, 2008.  The Company has accrued a loss reserve of $950,000 related to this claim.  Management believes that the Company has an adequate reserve for this liability and the ultimate resolution of this matter will not have a material adverse effect on its financial statements.
   
8.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
 
In October 2009, the FASB issued update 2009-13, ASC 605, Revenue Recognition: Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements-a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force.   The revised guidance provides for two significant changes to existing multiple element arrangement guidance.  The first relates to the determination of when the individual deliverables included in a multiple-element arrangement may be treated as separate units of accounting.  This change is significant as it will likely result in the requirement to separate more deliverables within an arrangement, ultimately leading to less revenue deferral.  The second change modifies the manner in which the transaction consideration is allocated across the separately identifiable deliverables.  These changes are likely to result in earlier recognition of revenue for multiple-element arrangements than under previous guidance.  This standard is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010.  The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect upon the Company's consolidated results of operations or financial condition.
 
In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) amended its guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income in financial statements to improve the comparability, consistency and transparency of financial reporting and to increase the prominence of items that are recorded in other comprehensive income. The new accounting guidance requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) two separate but consecutive statements. The provisions of this new guidance are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance on its financial statements.
 
 
12

 
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Overview
 
We are a leading provider of print and promotional procurement solutions to corporate clients across a wide range of industries. We combine the talent of our employees with our proprietary technology, extensive supplier base and domain expertise to procure, manage and deliver printed products as part of a comprehensive outsourced enterprise solution. Our technology is designed to capitalize on excess manufacturing capacity and other inefficiencies in the traditional print supply chain to obtain favorable pricing and to deliver high-quality products and services for our clients.
 
Our proprietary software applications and database, PPM4™, create a fully-integrated solution that stores, analyzes and tracks the production capabilities of our supplier network, as well as quote and price data for each bid we receive and print job we execute. As a result, we believe PPM4™ contains one of the largest independent repositories of equipment profiles and price data for print suppliers in the United States. We leverage our technology to match each print job with the supplier that is optimally suited to meet the client’s needs at a highly competitive price. Our procurement managers use PPM4™ to manage the print procurement process from end-to-end.
 
Through our supplier base of over 8,000 suppliers, we offer a full range of print, fulfillment and logistics services that allows us to procure printed products on virtually any substrate. The breadth of our product offerings and services and the depth of our supplier network enable us to fulfill all of the print procurement needs of our clients. By leveraging our technology platform, our clients are able to reduce overhead costs, redeploy internal resources and obtain favorable pricing and service terms. In addition, our ability to track individual transactions and provide customized reports detailing print procurement activity on an enterprise-wide basis provides our clients with greater visibility and control of their print expenditures.
 
We maintain sales offices in the United States, South America and the United Kingdom. We believe the opportunity exists to expand our business into new geographic markets. Our objective is to continue to increase our sales in the major print markets in the United States and Europe. We intend to hire or acquire more account executives within close proximity to these large markets. In addition, given that the print industry is a global business, we intend to continue to evaluate opportunities to access attractive markets outside the United States.
 
Revenue

We generate revenue through the sale of printed products to our clients. Our revenue was $300.8 million and $232.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Our revenue is generated from two different types of clients: enterprise and transactional. Enterprise jobs usually involve higher dollar amounts and volume than our transactional jobs. We categorize a client as an enterprise client if we have a contract with the client for the provision of printing services on a recurring basis; if the client has signed an open-ended purchase order or a series of related purchase orders; or if the client has enrolled in our e-stores program, which enables the client to make online purchases of printing services on a recurring basis. We categorize all other clients as transactional. We enter into contracts with our enterprise clients to provide some or a specific portion of their printed products on a recurring basis. Our contracts with enterprise clients generally have an open-ended term subject to termination by either party upon prior notice ranging from 90 days to twelve months.
 
Several of our enterprise clients have outsourced substantially all of their recurring print needs to us. We provide printed products to our transactional clients on an order-by-order basis.  During the six months ended June 30, 2011, enterprise clients accounted for 75% of our revenue, while transactional clients accounted for 25% of our revenue.
 
Our revenue consists of the prices paid by our clients for printed products. These prices, in turn, reflect the amounts charged to us by our suppliers plus our gross profit. Our gross profit margin, in the case of some of our enterprise clients, is fixed by contract or, in the case of transactional clients, is negotiated on a job-by-job basis. Once either type of client accepts our pricing terms, the selling price is established and we procure the product for our own account in order to re-sell it to the client. We take full title and risk of loss for the product upon shipment. The finished product is typically shipped directly from our supplier to a destination specified by our client. Upon shipment, our supplier invoices us for its production costs and we invoice our client.

            Our revenue from enterprise clients tends to generate lower gross profit margins than our revenue from transactional clients because the gross profit margins established in our contracts with large enterprise clients are generally lower than the gross profit margins we typically realize in our transactional business.
 
 
13

 

 
Cost of Goods Sold and Gross Profit
 
Our cost of goods sold consists primarily of the price at which we purchase products from our suppliers. Our selling price, including our gross profit, in the case of some of our enterprise jobs, is based on a fixed gross margin established by contract or, in the case of transactional jobs, is determined at the discretion of the account executive or procurement manager within predetermined parameters. Our gross margins on our enterprise jobs are typically lower than our gross margins on our transactional jobs. As a result, our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue for our enterprise jobs is typically higher than it is for our transactional jobs. Our gross profit for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $69.7 million and $56.0 million, or 23.2% of revenue and 24.1% of revenue, respectively.
 
Operating Expenses and Income from Operations
 
Our selling, general and administrative expenses consist of commissions paid to our account executives, compensation costs for our management team and procurement managers as well as compensation costs for our finance and support employees, public company expenses, corporate systems, legal and accounting, facilities and travel and entertainment expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue were 18.2% and 19.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.
 
We accrue for commissions when we recognize the related revenue. Some of our account executives receive a monthly draw to provide them with a more consistent income stream. The cash paid to our account executives in advance of commissions earned is reflected as a prepaid expense on our balance sheet. As our account executives earn commissions, a portion of their commission payment is withheld and offset against their prepaid commission balance, if any. Our prepaid commission balance, net of accrued earned commissions not yet paid, decreased to $3.2 million as of June 30, 2011 from $3.5 million as of December 31, 2010.
 
We agree to provide our clients with printed products that conform to the industry standard of a “commercially reasonable quality,” and our suppliers in turn agree to provide us with products of the same quality. In addition, the quotes we provide our clients include customary industry terms and conditions that limit the amount of our liability for product defects. Product defects have not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
 
Our income from operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $9.1 million and $7.5 million, respectively.
 
Comparison of three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010

Revenue
 
Our revenue increased by $35.1 million, or 29.2%, from $120.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $155.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The revenue growth reflects an increase in the number of enterprise clients. Our revenue from enterprise clients increased by $26.9 million, or 30.5%, from $88.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $115.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in enterprise revenue is due to an increase in enterprise clients and the addition of our South American operations acquired during the first quarter of 2011. Revenue from transactional clients increased by $8.2 million, or 25.5%, from $32.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $40.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011.  This increase in revenue is largely the result of our growth initiatives in the areas of an outbound call center and internet sales and efforts to hire or acquire experienced sales executives with existing books of business.
 
Cost of goods sold
 
Our cost of goods sold increased by $27.8 million, or 30.4%, from $91.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $119.3 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The increase is a result of the revenue growth during the three months ended June 30, 2011. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue increased slightly from 75.9% during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 76.6% during the three months ended June 30, 2011.
 
Gross Profit
 
Our gross profit as a percentage of revenue, which we refer to as gross margin, decreased from 24.1% during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 23.4% during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease is primarily the result of a higher concentration of our business coming from enterprise clients, which generate lower gross margins, and the addition of our South American operations during the first quarter of 2011, which have lower gross margins than our United States operations.
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $5.5 million, or 25.0%, from $22.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $27.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. As a percentage of revenue, selling, general and administrativ expenses decreased from 18.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 17.8% for the three months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily due to incremental sales commission and cost of procurement staff to secure new enterprise accounts.  The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue is primarily the result of increased leverage from higher revenue.

 
14

 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $257,000, or 11.6%, from $2.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $2.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in depreciation expense is primarily attributable to the purchase of computer hardware and software, equipment and furniture and fixtures as well as amortization of capitalized costs of computer software for internal use.  The increase in amortization expense is a result of the amortization of the intangible assets acquired in connection with our acquisitions.

Income from operations
 
Income from operations increased by $556,000, or 12.0%, from $4.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $5.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. As a percentage of revenue, income from operations decreased from 3.9% during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 3.3% during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease in income from operations as a percentage of revenue is a result of the recording of a $950,000 preference claim liability during the three months ended June 30, 2011 related to a client bankruptcy in 2008.
 
Other income and expense
 
Other income increased by $260,000, or 120.2%, from $217,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $477,000 during the three months ended June 30, 2011. The increase is primarily due to lower interest expense and an increase on gain in sale of Echo shares.
 
Income tax expense
 
Income tax expense increased by $259,000 from $1.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $2.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. Our effective tax rate was 35.5% and 34.9% for the three month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
  
Net income
 
Net income increased by $558,000, or 17.8%, from $3.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $3.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011. Net income as a percentage of revenue was 2.6% and 2.4% for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
 
Comparison of six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010
 
Revenue
 
Our revenue increased by $68.1 million, or 29.3%, from $232.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $300.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. Our revenue from enterprise clients increased by $55.7 million, or 32.8%, from $169.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $225.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in enterprise revenue is due to an increase in enterprise clients and the addition of our South American operations acquired during the first quarter of 2011. Revenue from transactional clients increased by $12.4 million, or 19.7%, from $63.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $75.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011.  This increase in revenue is largely the result of our growth initiatives in the areas of an outbound call center and internet sales and efforts to hire or acquire experienced sales executives with existing books of business.
 
Cost of goods sold
 
Our cost of goods sold increased by $54.4 million, or 30.8%, from $176.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $231.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase reflects the revenue growth during the six months ended June 30, 2011. Our cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenue increased slightly from 75.9% during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 76.8% during the six months ended June 30, 2011.
 
Gross Profit
 
Our gross profit as a percentage of revenue, which we refer to as gross margin, decreased from 24.1% during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 23.2% during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease is primarily the result of a higher concentration of our business coming from enterprise clients, which generate lower gross margins, and the addition of our South American operations during the first quarter of 2011, which have lower gross margins than our United States operations.

 
15

 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by $10.5 million, or 23.8%, from $44.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $54.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. As a percentage of revenue, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased from 19.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 18.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily due to incremental sales commission and cost of procurement staff to secure new enterprise accounts.  The decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue is primarily the result of increased leverage from higher revenue.
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $562,000, or 13.0%, from $4.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $4.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase in depreciation expense is primarily attributable to the purchase of computer hardware and software, equipment and furniture and fixtures as well as amortization of capitalized costs of computer software for internal use.  The increase in amortization expense is a result of the amortization of the intangible assets acquired in connection with our acquisitions.

Income from operations
 
Income from operations increased by $1.7 million, or 22.3%, from $7.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $9.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. As a percentage of revenue, income from operations decreased from 3.2% during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 3.0% during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The decrease in income from operations as a percentage of revenue is a result of the recording of a $950,000 preference claim liability related to 2008 during the three months ended June 30, 2011.
 
Other income and expense
 
Other income and expense increased by $122,000 from $742,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $863,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2011. The increase is primarily due to an increase in gain on sale of Echo shares, offset by an increase in interest expense.
  
Income tax expense
 
Income tax expense increased by $603,000 from $2.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $3.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. Our effective tax rate was 35.3% and 35.0% for the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.
 
Net income
 
Net income increased by $1.2 million, or 22.2%, from $5.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010 to $6.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011. Net income as a percentage of revenue was 2.3% and 2.2% for the six month periods ended June 30, 2010 and 2011, respectively.

 Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
At June 30, 2011, we had $8.0 million of cash and cash equivalents and $3.7 million in available-for-sale securities.
 
Operating Activities. Cash provided by operating activities primarily consists of net income adjusted for certain non-cash items, including depreciation and amortization, and the effect of changes in working capital and other activities. Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was $4.9 million and consisted of net income of $6.5 million and $7.5 million of non-cash items, offset by $9.1 million used by working capital and other activities. The most significant impact on working capital and other activities consisted of an increase in accounts receivable and unbilled revenue of $15.3 million, offset by an increase in accounts payable of $7.1 million.

Cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was $6,600 and primarily consisted of net income of $5.3 million, $6.9 million of non-cash items, offset by $12.2 million used by working capital and other activities. The most significant impact on working capital and other activities consisted of an increase in accounts receivable and unbilled revenue of $14.0 million, offset by a decrease in customer deposits of $2.9 million.

 
16

 
 
Investing Activities. Cash used in investing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2011 of $9.1 million was attributable to the proceeds on sale of Echo shares of $2.0 million, offset by capital expenditures of $4.2 million and $6.9 million in payments made in connection with acquisitions.
 
Cash provided by investing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2010 of $1.7 million was attributable to the proceeds on sale of marketable securities of $9.0 million and proceeds on sale of Echo shares of $1.5 million, offset by a $6.0 million in payments made in connection with acquisitions and capital expenditures of $2.8 million.
 
Financing Activities. Cash provided by financing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2011 of $7.0 million was primarily attributable to $6.5 million of borrowings under the revolving credit facility, $289,000 excess tax benefit related to the issuance of shares made in connection with stock option exercises and $225,000 from the issuance of shares.

 
Cash used in financing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2010 of $1.1 million was primarily attributable to $929,000 in repayments of borrowings under the revolving credit facility and short-term debt, $89,000 in excess tax benefit from restricted common shares and $74,000 in principal payments made on capital leases.

Although we can provide no assurances, we believe that our available cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and amounts available under our revolving credit facility will be sufficient to meet our working capital and operating expenditure requirements for the foreseeable future. Thereafter, we may find it necessary to obtain additional equity or debt financing. In the event additional financing is required, we may not be able to raise it on acceptable terms or at all.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Obligations
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
With the exception of the contingent consideration in connection with our business acquisitions discussed in Note 1 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements, there have been no material changes outside the normal course of business in the contractual obligations disclosed in Item 7 to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010, under the caption “Contractual Obligations.”
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
As of June 30, 2011, there were no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In October 2009, the FASB issued update 2009-13, ASC 605, Revenue Recognition: Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements-a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force.   The revised guidance provides for two significant changes to existing multiple element arrangement guidance.  The first relates to the determination of when the individual deliverables included in a multiple-element arrangement may be treated as separate units of accounting.  This change is significant as it will likely result in the requirement to separate more deliverables within an arrangement, ultimately leading to less revenue deferral.  The second change modifies the manner in which the transaction consideration is allocated across the separately identifiable deliverables.  These changes are likely to result in earlier recognition of revenue for multiple-element arrangements than under previous guidance.  This standard is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010.  The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect upon our consolidated results of operations or financial condition.
 
In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) amended its guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income in financial statements to improve the comparability, consistency and transparency of financial reporting and to increase the prominence of items that are recorded in other comprehensive income. The new accounting guidance requires entities to report components of comprehensive income in either (1) a continuous statement of comprehensive income or (2) two separate but consecutive statements. The provisions of this new guidance are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance on our financial statements.
 
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains words such as “may,” “will,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “estimate” and “objective” or the negative thereof or similar terminology concerning the Company’s future financial performance, business strategy, plans, goals and objectives. These expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future performance or results of operations and are not guarantees. While these statements are based on assumptions and judgments that management has made in light of industry experience as well as perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate under the circumstances, they are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different. Some of the factors that would cause future results to differ from the recent results or those projected in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
 
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 Additional Information
 
We make our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, other reports and information filed with the SEC and amendments to those reports available, free of charge, through our Internet website (http://www.inwk.com) as soon as reasonably practical after we electronically files or furnishes such materials to the SEC. All of our filings may be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 450 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Filing Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically.

 
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Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Commodity Risk
 
We are dependent upon the availability of paper and paper prices represent a substantial portion of the cost of our products. The supply and price of paper depend on a variety of factors over which we have no control, including environmental and conservation regulations, natural disasters and weather. We believe a 10% increase in the price of paper would not have a significant effect on our consolidated statements of income or cash flows, as these costs are generally passed through to our clients.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
We have exposure to changes in interest rates on our revolving credit facility. Interest is payable at the adjusted LIBOR rate or the alternate base. Assuming our $100.0 million revolving credit facility was fully drawn, a 1.0% increase in the interest rate would increase our annual interest expense by $1.0 million. The terms of the revolving credit facility include various covenants, including covenants that require us to maintain a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum interest coverage ratio. Outstanding borrowings may be used for general corporate and working capital purposes in the ordinary course of business, for permitted acquisitions, for capital expenditures and for restricted payments, including the repurchase of shares of our common stock, as permitted pursuant to the terms of the revolving credit facility.
 
Our interest income is sensitive to changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates, in particular because all of our investments are in cash equivalents and marketable securities.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
A portion of our sales and earnings are attributable to operations conducted outside of the U.S. The U.S. dollar value of sales and earnings of these operations varies with currency exchange rate fluctuations. We believe a 10% fluctuation in the currency exchange rate would not have a significant effect on our consolidated statements of income or cash flows.
 
We do not use derivative financial instruments.


Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
Management's Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2011. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2011, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
   
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
No change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the second quarter ended June 30, 2011 that has materially affected or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
 
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
In 2011, in connection with the Circuit City Stores, Inc. (“Circuit City”) bankruptcy proceedings, the Trustee of the Circuit City Liquidating Trust, filed a lawsuit against the Company in United States Bankruptcy Court in the Eastern District of Virginia for the avoidance of payments as allegedly preferential transfers of $3.2 million paid to the Company during the 90 days preceding the filing of the bankruptcy petition of Circuit City on November 10, 2008.  We have accrued a loss reserve of $950,000 related to this claim.  Management believes that we  have an adequate reserve for this liability and the ultimate resolution of this matter will not have a material adverse effect on our financial statements.
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
There have been no material changes in the risk factors described in Item 1A (“Risk Factors”) of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.
  
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
Exhibit No  
  
Description of Exhibit
10.1 *
 
InnerWorkings, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated effective June 16, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Annex B to the Company's Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 29, 2011).
     
10.2 *
 
InnerWorkings, Inc. Annual Incentive Plan, as amended effective April 27, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Annex A to the Compnay's Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the Securities Exchange Commission on April 29, 2011).
     
31.1
  
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
31.2
  
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.1
  
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.2
  
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101
 
The following materials from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2011, are formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) consolidated statements of income; (ii) consolidated balance sheets, (iii) condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and (iv) notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
 

Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement
 
 
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SIGNATURES
 
 
 Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
INNERWORKINGS, INC.
     
Date: August 9, 2011
By:  
/s/    Eric D. Belcher
   
Eric D. Belcher
Chief Executive Officer
     
Date: August 9, 2011
By: 
/s/    Joseph M. Busky
   
Joseph M. Busky
Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
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EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Number
  
Description
10.1 *
 
InnerWorkings, Inc. 2006 Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated effective June 16, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Annex B to the Company's Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 29, 2011).
     
10.2 *
 
InnerWorkings, Inc. Annual Incentive Plan, as amended effective April 27, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Annex A to the Compnay's Definitive Proxy Statement filed with the Securities Exchange Commission on April 29, 2011).
     
31.1
  
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
31.2
  
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.1
  
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
   
32.2
  
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101
 
The following materials from our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2011, are formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) consolidated statements of income; (ii) consolidated balance sheets, (iii) condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and (iv) notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements (unaudited).
   

 
Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement
 
 
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