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Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

x    Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended February 28, 2011

Or

¨    Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Transition Period from              to             

Commission file number 0-22496

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

OREGON   93-0341923

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

3200 NW Yeon Ave.

Portland, OR

  97210
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(503) 224-9900

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one)

Large accelerated filer  x        Accelerated filer  ¨        Non-accelerated filer  ¨        Smaller Reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  ¨    No  x

The Registrant had 24,242,718 shares of Class A common stock, par value of $1.00 per share, and 3,242,367 shares of Class B common stock, par value of $1.00 per share, outstanding as of March 30, 2011.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

INDEX

 

     PAGE  

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010

     3   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three Months and Six Months Ended February  28, 2011 and 2010

     4   

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended February 28, 2011 and 2010

     5   

Notes to the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

     6   

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     21   

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     37   

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

     37   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

     39   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     39   

Item 6. Exhibits

     40   

SIGNATURES

     41   

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     February 28, 2011      August 31, 2010  
Assets      

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 48,245       $ 30,342   

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $6,587 and $6,209

     161,015         126,156   

Inventories, net

     356,559         268,103   

Deferred income taxes

     9,857         9,037   

Refundable income taxes

     14,732         14,610   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     14,386         12,546   
                 

Total current assets

     604,794         460,794   

Property, plant and equipment

     926,984         871,901   

Less accumulated depreciation

     438,656         411,091   
                 

Property, plant and equipment, net

     488,328         460,810   

Other assets:

     

Investments in joint venture partnerships

     15,734         13,706   

Goodwill

     514,682         380,332   

Intangibles, net

     22,616         20,444   

Other assets

     13,636         7,332   
                 

Total assets

   $ 1,659,790       $ 1,343,418   
                 
Liabilities and Equity      

Current liabilities:

     

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, current

   $ 700       $ 1,189   

Accounts payable

     119,784         91,879   

Accrued payroll and related liabilities

     24,965         34,162   

Environmental liabilities

     2,545         2,588   

Accrued income taxes

     17,318         1,816   

Other accrued liabilities

     25,983         28,479   
                 

Total current liabilities

     191,295         160,113   

Deferred income taxes

     62,408         58,630   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net of current maturities

     320,112         99,240   

Environmental liabilities, net of current portion

     38,130         37,286   

Other long-term liabilities

     10,697         8,517   
                 

Total liabilities

     622,642         363,786   
                 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

     

Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. (“SSI”) shareholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock–20,000 shares $1.00 par value authorized, none issued

     0         0   

Class A common stock–75,000 shares $1.00 par value authorized, 24,201 and 22,700 shares issued and outstanding

     24,201         22,700   

Class B common stock–25,000 shares $1.00 par value authorized, 3,282 and 4,721 shares issued and outstanding

     3,282         4,721   

Additional paid-in capital

     6,543         1,815   

Retained earnings

     996,327         948,642   

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     1,276         (2,552
                 

Total SSI shareholders’ equity

     1,031,629         975,326   

Noncontrolling interests

     5,519         4,306   
                 

Total equity

     1,037,148         979,632   
                 

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,659,790       $ 1,343,418   
                 

The accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

are an integral part of these statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenues

   $ 721,842      $ 564,328      $ 1,396,946      $ 958,610   

Operating expense:

        

Cost of goods sold

     632,856        496,582        1,235,402        847,520   

Selling, general and administrative

     44,033        39,661        89,108        74,107   

Environmental matters

     0        (532     (200     (382

(Income) loss from joint ventures

     (984     80        (1,741     (453
                                

Operating income

     45,937        28,537        74,377        37,818   

Other income (expense):

        

Interest income

     234        186        289        303   

Interest expense

     (1,157     (695     (1,755     (1,313

Other income, net

     2,854        285        3,015        587   
                                

Total other income (expense)

     1,931        (224     1,549        (423
                                

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     47,868        28,313        75,926        37,395   

Income tax expense

     (15,745     (9,736     (24,909     (11,600
                                

Income from continuing operations

     32,123        18,577        51,017        25,795   

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

     11        (72     34        (15,046
                                

Net income

     32,134        18,505        51,051        10,749   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (1,309     (1,046     (2,432     (1,860
                                

Net income attributable to SSI

   $ 30,825      $ 17,459      $ 48,619      $ 8,889   
                                

Basic:

        

Income per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI

   $ 1.12      $ 0.63      $ 1.76      $ 0.86   

Income (loss) per share from discontinued operations attributable to SSI

     0.00        0.00        0.00        (0.54
                                

Net income per share attributable to SSI

   $ 1.12      $ 0.63      $ 1.76      $ 0.32   
                                

Diluted:

        

Income per share from continuing operations attributable to SSI

   $ 1.10      $ 0.62      $ 1.74      $ 0.85   

Income (loss) per share from discontinued operations attributable to SSI

     0.00        0.00        0.00        (0.53
                                

Net income per share attributable to SSI

   $ 1.10      $ 0.62      $ 1.74      $ 0.32   
                                

Weighted average number of common shares:

        

Basic

     27,627        27,873        27,595        27,835   

Diluted

     27,944        28,117        27,918        28,127   

Dividends declared per common share

   $ 0.017      $ 0.017      $ 0.034      $ 0.034   

The accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

are an integral part of these statements.

 

4


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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, in thousands)

 

     Six Months Ended February 28,  
     2011     2010  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 51,051      $ 10,749   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     34,476        31,054   

Inventory write-down

     0        368   

Deferred income taxes

     2,136        1,603   

Undistributed equity in earnings of joint ventures

     (1,931     (711

Share-based compensation expense

     6,692        5,303   

Excess tax (benefit) deficiency from share-based payment arrangements

     299        (55

(Gain) loss on disposal of a business and other assets

     (20     16,736   

Environmental matters

     (200     319   

Net gain on derivatives

     (759     (2,474

Unrealized foreign exchange gains, net

     (2,403     0   

Bad debt expense, net of recoveries

     578        90   

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable

     (29,021     (47,262

Inventories

     (79,544     (49,466

Refundable income taxes

     (122     45,271   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,008        1,498   

Intangibles and other long-term assets

     (944     1,237   

Accounts payable

     31,353        (405

Accrued payroll and related liabilities

     (9,360     (3,323

Other accrued liabilities

     (1,368     7,572   

Accrued income taxes

     15,165        (721

Environmental liabilities

     (78     (756

Other long-term liabilities

     (134     (527

Distributed equity in earnings of joint ventures

     3,405        100   
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     20,279        16,200   
                

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Capital expenditures

     (46,284     (21,659

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

     (165,919     (29,465

Joint venture (payments) receipts, net

     (1,118     (173

Proceeds from sale of business and other assets

     290        41,175   
                

Net cash used in investing activities

     (213,031     (10,122
                

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Proceeds from line of credit

     311,000        165,000   

Repayment of line of credit

     (311,000     (165,000

Borrowings from long-term debt

     413,000        401,500   

Repayment of long-term debt

     (193,298     (411,948

Debt financing fees

     (5,114     0   

Restricted stock withheld for taxes

     (1,880     (2,404

Excess tax benefit (deficiency) from share-based payment arrangements

     (299     55   

Stock options exercised

     279        610   

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     (1,219     (971

Dividends paid

     (1,400     (472
                

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     210,069        (13,630
                

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     586        99   
                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     17,903        (7,453

Cash and cash equivalents as of beginning of period

     30,342        41,026   
                

Cash and cash equivalents as of end of period

   $ 48,245      $ 33,573   
                

The accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

are an integral part of these statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. (the “Company”) have been prepared pursuant to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for Form 10-Q, including Article 10 of Regulation S-X. The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by US GAAP. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all normal, recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Although management believes the disclosures made are adequate to ensure the information presented is not misleading, management suggests that these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010. The results for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the entire year.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include short-term securities that are not restricted by third parties and have an original maturity date of 90 days or less. Included in accounts payable are book overdrafts of $40 million as of February 28, 2011 and $25 million as of August 31, 2010.

Derivative Financial Instruments

To manage exposure to foreign exchange rate risk, the Company enters into foreign currency forward contracts to stabilize the US Dollar amount of the transaction at maturity. The Company has not designated these contracts as hedging instruments for accounting purposes. Accordingly, the realized and unrealized gains and losses on settled and unsettled forward contracts are recognized as other income or expense in the consolidated statement of operations. Derivative instruments not designated as hedges are classified consistent with the underlying transaction in the consolidated statements of cash flows upon cash settlement.

The Company held foreign currency forward contracts denominated in Canadian Dollars with total notional amounts of C$75 million at February 28, 2011. The fair value of these contracts was estimated based on quoted market prices. The Company did not hold any foreign currency forward contracts during the prior year.

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

Net unrealized foreign currency transaction gains were $2 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011. The Company did not have any realized or unrealized foreign currency transaction gains or losses for the three and six months ended February 28, 2010.

 

6


Table of Contents

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2010, an accounting standard update was issued regarding the interpretation of the disclosure of supplementary pro forma information for business combinations. The standard clarifies that an entity is required to disclose pro forma revenue and earnings as though the business combination(s) that occurred during the current year had occurred as of the beginning of the comparable prior annual reporting period only. In addition, this standard expands the supplemental pro forma disclosures to include a description of the nature and amount of material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings. This standard will be effective for the Company for fiscal year 2012. The Company currently complies with these disclosures and thus this standard will not have any impact on previously issued financial statements.

Note 2 – Inventories, net

Inventories, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     February 28, 2011      August 31, 2010  

Processed and unprocessed scrap metal

   $ 267,149       $ 189,618   

Semi-finished steel products (billets)

     7,835         5,593   

Finished goods

     50,078         43,352   

Supplies, net

     31,497         29,540   
                 

Inventories, net

   $ 356,559       $ 268,103   
                 

Note 3 - Business Combinations

During the first six months of fiscal 2011, the Company spent $166 million on the following acquisitions:

 

   

In September 2010, the Company acquired a metals recycler in Maui, Hawaii to provide an additional source of scrap metal for the Metals Recycling Business (“MRB”) Hawaiian facility.

 

   

In November 2010, the Company acquired a used auto parts facility located in Stockton, California,which expanded APB’s presence in the Western US.

 

   

In December 2010, the Company acquired a used auto parts store in Waco, Texas, which expanded the Auto Parts Business (“APB”) presence in the Southwestern US.

 

   

In December 2010, the Company acquired a metals recycler with two yards in Macon, Georgia, which expanded MRB’s presence in the Southeastern US.

 

   

In December 2010, the Company acquired a metals recycler with six yards on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada that previously supplied ferrous scrap to MRB’s Tacoma, Washington facility. This acquisition marked MRB’s initial expansion into Canada.

 

   

In January 2011, the Company acquired a metals recycler with one yard in Attleboro, Massachusetts, which expanded MRB’s presence in the Northeastern US.

 

7


Table of Contents

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   

In January 2011, the Company acquired a mobile vehicle crushing business based in Portland, Oregon, which provides scrap metal for MRB’s Portland, Oregon facility.

 

   

In February 2011, the Company acquired three used auto parts stores in Seattle, Washington, which expanded APB’s presence in the Northwestern US.

For each acquisition the purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their respective estimated fair values on the date of acquisition. The excess of the aggregate purchase price over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired of $131 million for the six months ended February 28, 2011 was recorded as goodwill, all of which is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

The following is a summary of the aggregate fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed for acquisitions completed during the six months ended February 28, 2011 (in thousands):

 

Assets:

  

Cash

   $ 283   

Accounts receivable

     6,051   

Inventories

     8,668   

Prepaids and other current assets

     700   

Deferred tax assets

     287   

Property, plant and equipment

     20,222   

Intangible assets

     4,571   

Goodwill

     131,273   

Liabilities:

  

Short-term liabilities

     (3,602

Environmental reserve

     (1,069

Long-term liabilities

     (1,272
        

Aggregate purchase price

     166,112   

Less: Cash received

     283   
        

Net cash paid

   $ 165,829   
        

The following table presents the fair value of intangible assets acquired with the acquisitions completed during the six months ended February 28, 2011 (dollars in thousands):

 

     Weighted
Average Life
In Years
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
 

Tradename

     Indefinite       $ 51   

Covenants not to compete

     4.7         4,402   

Supply contracts

     1.8         118   
           

Total

     4.7       $ 4,571   
           

 

8


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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following unaudited pro forma summary presents the effect on the consolidated financial results of the Company of the businesses acquired during the six months ended February 28, 2011 as though the businesses had been acquired as of September 1, 2009 (in thousands):

 

     For The Three Months Ended      For The Six Months Ended  
     2/28/2011      2/28/2010      2/28/2011      2/28/2010  

Revenues

   $ 725,467       $ 585,674       $ 1,420,314       $ 997,921   

Operating income (1)

   $ 47,864       $ 33,492       $ 78,388       $ 43,372   

Net income (1)

   $ 32,020       $ 20,395       $ 50,954       $ 12,251   

Net income per share - basic:

   $ 1.16       $ 0.74       $ 1.84       $ 0.44   

Net income per share - diluted:

   $ 1.14       $ 0.72       $ 1.82       $ 0.44   

(1) - Excludes nonrecurring executive compensation paid to previous management that will not be incurred in the future.

The revenue and earnings generated by the acquired operations since the date of acquisition are immaterial to the Company’s results of operations for the first six months of fiscal 2011.

The Company paid a premium (i.e., goodwill) over the fair value of the net tangible and identified intangible assets acquired in the transactions described above for a number of reasons, including but not limited to the following:

 

   

The Company will benefit from the assets and capabilities of these acquisitions, including additional resources, skills and industry expertise;

 

   

The acquired businesses enhance the Company’s regional market position; and

 

   

The Company anticipates cost savings, efficiencies and synergies.

Note 4 – Discontinued Operations

In October 2009, the Company sold its full-service used auto parts operation, which had been operated as part of the APB reporting segment. The Company concluded that the divestiture met the definition of a discontinued operation. Accordingly, the results of this discontinued operation have been reclassified for all periods presented. The sale resulted in a loss of $15 million, net of tax, and included the write-off of $12 million of goodwill that was allocated to the full-service operation from the APB reporting segment.

Note 5 – Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, net

In the second quarter of fiscal 2011, the Company performed its annual goodwill impairment testing by comparing the fair value of each reporting unit with its carrying value, including goodwill. As a result of this testing, the Company determined that the fair values of each of the reporting units were significantly in excess of their respective carrying values and the goodwill balances and indefinite lived intangible assets were not impaired as of February 28, 2011. The Company will continue to monitor its goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible and long-lived assets for possible future impairment.

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The gross changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting segment for the six months ended February 28, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Metals
Recycling
Business
     Auto Parts
Business
     Total  

Balance as of August 31, 2010

   $ 230,198       $ 150,134       $ 380,332   

Acquisitions

     119,736         11,583         131,319   

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     1,426         1,605         3,031   
                          

Balance as of February 28, 2011

   $ 351,360       $ 163,322       $ 514,682   
                          

The following table presents the Company’s intangible assets and their related lives (dollars in thousands):

 

            February 28, 2011     August 31, 2010  
     Life
In Years
     Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
    Gross
Carrying
Amount
     Accumulated
Amortization
 

Identifiable intangibles:

             

Tradename

     Indefinite       $ 801       $ 0      $ 750       $ 0   

Tradename

     5 – 6         507         (394     583         (423

Marketing agreement

     5         563         (204     563         (159

Employment agreements

     2         1,117         (1,117     1,117         (884

Covenants not to compete

     2 – 20         29,138         (12,351     27,797         (13,329

Leasehold interests

     2 – 25         1,260         (141     862         (266

Permits and licenses

     3 – 9         780         (111     780         (54

Supply contracts

     Indefinite         361         0        361         0   

Supply contracts

     2 – 6         4,689         (2,492     4,571         (2,035

Real property options

     Indefinite         210         0        210         0   
                                     

Total

      $ 39,426       $ (16,810   $ 37,594       $ (17,150
                                     

Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their useful lives using methods that reflect the pattern over which the economic benefits are expected to be consumed or on a straight-line basis based on estimated lives. Amortization expense for identifiable intangible assets for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010 was $1 million and $3 million, respectively.

Note 6 – Short-Term Borrowings, Long-Term Debt and Capital Lease Obligations

The Company has an unsecured, uncommitted $25 million credit line with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. The term of this credit facility was recently extended to March 1, 2012. Interest rates are set by the bank at the time of borrowing. The Company had no borrowings outstanding under this facility as of February 28, 2011 or August 31, 2010.

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In February 2011, the Company amended and restated its unsecured committed bank credit agreement with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other lenders party thereto to increase the amount available to $650 million from $450 million, including $30 million in Canadian Dollar availability. The maturity was also extended to February 2016. Interest rates on outstanding indebtedness under the amended agreement are based, at the Company’s option, on either the London Interbank Offered Rate (or the Canadian equivalent) plus a spread of between 1.75% and 2.75%, with the amount of the spread based on a pricing grid tied to the Company’s leverage ratio, or the base rate plus a spread of between 0% and 1%. In addition, annual commitment fees are payable on the unused portion of the credit facility at rates between 0.25% and 0.45%, which is based on a pricing grid tied to the Company’s leverage ratio. The Company paid commitment fees of less than $1 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010. The Company had borrowings outstanding under the credit facility of $310 million as of February 28, 2011 and $90 million as of August 31, 2010. The weighted average interest rate on amounts outstanding under this facility was 2.26% as of February 28, 2011 and 0.79% as of August 31, 2010. The carrying value of this debt approximates fair value as it primarily consists of variable interest rate notes.

These bank credit agreements contain various representations and warranties, events of default and financial and other covenants, including covenants regarding maintenance of a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and a maximum leverage ratio. As of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants.

The Company had capital lease obligations for the use of equipment of $8 million as of February 28, 2011 and $2 million as of August 31, 2010 that expire at various dates through February 2021. In addition, the Company had $8 million of long-term bonded indebtedness that matures in January 2021 as of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010.

Note 7 - Environmental Liabilities and Other Contingencies

The Company evaluates the adequacy of its environmental liabilities on a quarterly basis. Adjustments to the liabilities are made when additional information becomes available that affects the estimated costs to study or remediate any environmental issues or expenditures are made for which reserves were established.

Changes in the Company’s environmental liabilities for the six months ended February 28, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

 

Reporting Segment

   Balance as of
August 31, 2010
     Reserves
Established, Net
     Payments     Balance as of
February 28, 2011
     Short-Term      Long-Term  

Metals Recycling Business

   $ 25,374       $ 308       $ (78   $ 25,604       $ 1,991       $ 23,613   

Auto Parts Business

     14,500         571         0        15,071         554         14,517   
                                                    

Total

   $ 39,874       $ 879       $ (78   $ 40,675       $ 2,545       $ 38,130   
                                                    

Metals Recycling Business

As of February 28, 2011, MRB had environmental reserves of $26 million for the potential remediation of locations where it has conducted business and has environmental liabilities from historical or recent activities.

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Portland Harbor

The Company has been notified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) that it is one of the potentially responsible parties (“PRPs”) that own or operate or formerly owned or operated sites adjacent to the Portland Harbor Superfund site (the “Site”). The precise nature and extent of any cleanup of the Site, the parties to be involved, the process to be followed for any cleanup and the allocation of the costs for any cleanup among responsible parties have not yet been determined, but the process of identifying additional PRPs and beginning allocation of costs is underway. It is unclear to what extent the Company will be liable for environmental costs or natural resource damage claims or third party contribution or damage claims with respect to the Site. While the Company participated in certain preliminary Site study efforts, it is not party to the consent order entered into by the EPA with certain other PRPs, referred to as the “Lower Willamette Group” (“LWG”), for a remedial investigation/feasibility study (“RI/FS”).

During fiscal 2007, the Company and certain other parties agreed to an interim settlement with the LWG under which the Company made a cash contribution to the LWG RI/FS. The Company has also joined with more than 80 other PRPs, including the LWG, in a voluntary process to establish an allocation of costs at the Site. These parties have selected an allocation team and have entered into an allocation process design agreement. The LWG has also commenced federal court litigation, which has been stayed, seeking to bring additional parties into the allocation process.

In January 2008, the Natural Resource Damages Trustee Council (“Trustees”) for Portland Harbor invited the Company and other PRPs to participate in funding and implementing the Natural Resource Injury Assessment for the Site. Following meetings among the Trustees and the PRPs, a funding and participation agreement was negotiated under which the participating PRPs agreed to fund the first phase of natural resource damage assessment. The Company joined in that Phase I agreement and paid a portion of those costs. The Company did not participate in funding the second phase of the natural resource damage assessment.

The cost of the investigations and any remediation associated with the Site will not be reasonably estimable until completion of the data review and further investigations now being conducted by the LWG and the Trustees and the selection and approval of a remedy by the EPA. However, given the size of the Site and the nature of the conditions identified to date, the total cost of the investigations and remediation is likely to be substantial. In addition, because there has not been a determination of the total cost of the investigations, the remediation that will be required, the amount of natural resource damages or how the costs of the ongoing investigations and any remedy and natural resource damages will be allocated among the PRPs, it is not possible to estimate the costs which the Company might incur in connection with the Site, although such costs could be material to the Company’s financial position or results of operations. The Company has insurance policies that it believes will provide reimbursement for costs it incurs for defense and remediation in connection

 

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NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

with the Site, although there is no assurance that those policies will cover all of the costs which the Company may incur. In fiscal 2006, the Company recorded a liability for its then estimated share of the costs of the investigation incurred by the LWG to date. As of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010, the Company’s reserve for third party investigation costs of the Site was $1 million.

The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality is separately providing oversight of voluntary investigations by the Company involving the Company’s sites adjacent to the Portland Harbor which are focused on controlling any current “uplands” releases of contaminants into the Willamette River. No reserves have been established in connection with these investigations because the extent of contamination (if any) and the Company’s responsibility for the contamination (if any) has not yet been determined.

Other Metals Recycling Business Sites

As of February 28, 2011, the Company had environmental reserves related to various MRB sites of $25 million. The reserves, which range in amounts from less than $1 million to $2 million per site, relate to the potential future remediation of soil contamination, groundwater contamination and storm water runoff issues. No material environmental compliance enforcement proceedings are currently pending related to these sites.

Auto Parts Business

As of February 28, 2011, the Company had environmental reserves related to various APB sites of $15 million. The reserves, which range in amounts from less than $1 million to $2 million per site, relate to the potential future remediation of soil contamination, groundwater contamination and storm water runoff issues. No material environmental compliance enforcement proceedings are currently pending related to these sites.

Steel Manufacturing Business (“SMB”)

SMB’s electric arc furnace generates dust (“EAF dust”) that is classified as hazardous waste by the EPA because of its zinc and lead content. As a result, the Company captures the EAF dust and ships it in specialized rail cars to a domestic firm that applies a treatment that allows the EAF dust to be delisted as hazardous waste so it can be disposed of as a non-hazardous solid waste.

SMB has an operating permit issued under Title V of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which governs certain air quality standards. The permit was first issued in 1998 and has since been renewed through 2012. The permit is based upon an annual production capacity of 950 thousand tons.

SMB had no environmental reserves as of February 28, 2011.

Other than the Portland Harbor Superfund site, which is discussed above, management currently believes that adequate provision has been made in the financial statements for the potential impact of these issues and that the outcomes will not have a material adverse effect on the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company as a whole. Historically, the amounts the Company has ultimately paid for such remediation activities have not been material.

 

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NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 8 – Changes in Equity and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following is a summary of the changes in equity and comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):

 

     Fiscal 2011     Fiscal 2010  
     SSI shareholders’
equity
    Noncontrolling
interests
    Total
equity
    SSI shareholders’
equity
    Noncontrolling
interests
    Total
equity
 

Balances - September 1 (Beginning of period)

   $ 975,326      $ 4,306      $ 979,632      $ 919,367      $ 3,383      $ 922,750   

Net income

     48,619        2,432        51,051        8,889        1,860        10,749   

Components of other comprehensive income, net of tax:

            

Foreign currency translation adjustment

     3,537        0        3,537        263        0        263   

Pension obligations, net

     174        0        174        614        0        614   

Change in unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

     117        0        117        186        0        186   
                                                

Comprehensive income

     52,447        2,432        54,879        9,952        1,860        11,812   

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     0        (1,219     (1,219     0        (971     (971

Restricted stock withheld for taxes

     (1,880     0        (1,880     (2,404     0        (2,404

Stock options exercised

     279        0        279        610        0        610   

Share-based compensation expense

     6,692        0        6,692        5,303        0        5,303   

Cash dividends declared

     (936     0        (936     (944     0        (944

Excess tax (expense) benefits from share- based payment arrangements

     (299     0        (299     55        0        55   
                                                

Balances - February 28 (End of period)

   $ 1,031,629      $ 5,519      $ 1,037,148      $ 931,939      $ 4,272      $ 936,211   
                                                

Note 9 – Derivative Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

In order to minimize the Company’s exposure from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates in connection with the purchase of a foreign entity, the Company entered into foreign currency forward contracts to stabilize the US Dollar amount of the transaction at acquisition. These contracts were settled in March 2011.

Fair Value Measurement

The foreign currency forward contracts are classified as derivative instruments that are not designated as hedging instruments and are carried at fair value. Fair value for these instruments, the Company’s only financial instruments carried at fair value, is determined using forward exchange rates based on observable exchange rates quoted in an active market. Mark-to-market adjustments for the Company’s outstanding derivative instruments resulted in a $3 million derivative asset as of February 28, 2011. This amount is classified as a Level 1 fair value measurement under the fair value hierarchy.

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Derivative not designated as a hedging instrument

The Company recognizes changes in fair value in other income (expense) in the period of the change. Unrealized gains of $3 million were recognized in other income (expense) for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011. The Company did not have any realized or unrealized foreign currency transaction gains or losses for the three and six months ended February 28, 2010.

Note 10 - Employee Benefits

Multiemployer Pension Plans

Approximately 60% of the Company’s multiemployer pension plan contributions are made to the Western Independent Shops Pension Trust (the “WISP Trust”) for the benefit of union employees of SMB. In 2004, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) approved a seven-year extension of the period over which the WISP Trust may amortize unfunded liabilities, conditioned upon maintenance of certain minimum funding levels. Based on the actuarial valuation for the WISP Trust as of October 1, 2009 (the latest available actuarial information), the funded percentage of the WISP Trust (based on the ratio of the market value of assets to the accumulated benefits liability (present value of accrued benefits)) was 65.4%, which is below the targeted funding ratio specified in the agreement with the IRS. As a result, in September 2010, the WISP Trust submitted a request to the IRS for relief from the specified funding requirements. In February 2011, the IRS tentatively approved the WISP Trust’s request for relief subject to maintenance of certain minimum funding levels. If the WISP Trust had not been able to obtain relief, the IRS could have retroactively revoked the amortization extension back to the 2002 plan year, which could have resulted in a material liability for the Company’s share of the resulting funding deficiency.

Note 11 - Share-based Compensation

The Company recognized $3 million and $7 million for share-based compensation expense for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011, compared to $3 million and $5 million for the same periods in the prior year, respectively.

Fiscal 2011-2013 Performance Share Awards

On October 26, 2010, the Company’s Compensation Committee approved performance-based awards under the Company’s 1993 Stock Incentive Plan (“the Plan”) and entry by the Company into long-term incentive award Agreements evidencing the award of these performance shares. The Compensation Committee established performance targets based on the Company’s earnings per share (weighted at 50%) and the average return on capital employed on a divisional basis (weighted at 50%) for the three years of the performance period, with award payouts ranging from a threshold of 50% to a maximum of 200% for each portion of the awards. A participant generally must be employed by the Company on the October 31 following the end of the performance period to receive an award payout, although adjusted awards will be paid if employment

 

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NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

terminates earlier on account of death, disability, retirement, termination without cause after the first year of the performance period or on a sale of the Company. Awards will be paid in Class A common stock as soon as practicable after October 31 following the end of the performance period. The grant date for the fiscal 2011–2013 performance-based awards was December 3, 2010. Compensation expense for the fiscal 2011–2013 performance-based awards during the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 was $1 million.

Deferred Stock Units

On January 19, 2011, each of the Company’s non-employee directors received a deferred stock unit (“DSU”) award equal to $120,000 divided by the closing market price of the Class A common stock on January 19, 2011. John Carter, the Company’s Chairman, and Tamara Lundgren, President and Chief Executive Officer, receive compensation pursuant to their employment agreements and do not receive DSUs. The DSUs granted on January 19, 2011 were for a total of 17,459 shares and will become fully vested on the day before the Company’s 2012 annual meeting, subject to continued Board service. The compensation expense related to these DSU awards for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 was less than $1 million.

Note 12 - Income Taxes

The effective tax rates for the Company’s continuing operations for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 were 32.9% and 32.8%, respectively, compared to 34.4% and 31.0%, for the same periods in the prior year.

A reconciliation of the difference between the federal statutory rate and the Company’s effective rate is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Federal statutory rate

     35.0     35.0     35.0     35.0

State taxes, net of credits

     1.0        1.8        1.0        1.7   

Foreign income taxed at different rates

     (2.1     (0.1     (1.7     (0.4

Section 199 deduction

     (0.6     (1.3     (0.9     (1.2

Prior year Section 199 deduction, reinstated

     0        0        0        (3.1

Non-deductible officers’ compensation

     0.3        0.8        0.3        1.0   

Noncontrolling interests

     (0.9     (1.3     (1.1     (1.7

Other

     0.2        (0.5     0.2        (0.3
                                

Effective tax rate

     32.9     34.4     32.8     31.0
                                

The Company files federal and state income tax returns in the United States and foreign tax returns in Puerto Rico and Canada. The federal statute of limitations has expired for fiscal 2003 and prior years, and the Company is no longer subject to state and foreign tax examinations for those years. Federal, Canadian and several state tax authorities are currently examining the Company’s income tax returns for fiscal years 2004 to 2008.

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Company currently pays a 7% tax rate on earnings in Puerto Rico. The Company is aware that regulatory agencies there are reevaluating the Company’s entitlement to a manufacturing tax exemption. While the Company currently believes it will continue to be entitled to the 7% tax rate under existing exemptions, a change in the Company’s tax exemption status could cause an increase in the tax rate on Puerto Rico earnings and in the overall effective tax rate on consolidated earnings. Based upon known facts the possible impact of a change in rates cannot currently be reasonably estimated.

Deferred taxes included the benefits from state net operating loss carry forwards of $1 million and state tax credits of $2 million that will expire if not used between 2011 and 2029. As of February 28, 2011, the Company had a valuation allowance of $1 million for a federal capital loss carry forward and for state tax credits that are expected to expire unused in the future. Management believes it is more likely than not that the Company will generate sufficient taxable income prior to the expiration of the remaining deferred tax assets to ensure their realization.

Note 13 - Net Income Per Share

Basic net income per share attributable to SSI is based on the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the periods presented including vested DSUs and restricted stock units (“RSUs”). Diluted net income per share attributable to SSI is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, assuming dilution. Potentially dilutive common shares include the assumed exercise of stock options and assumed vesting of performance shares, DSU and RSU awards using the treasury stock method. For the three and six months ended February 28, 2011, 27,194 and 48,678 common stock equivalent shares, respectively, were considered anti-dilutive and were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share, compared to 177,947 and 178,699 common stock equivalent shares, respectively, for the same periods in the prior year.

The following table sets forth the information used to compute basic and diluted net income per share attributable to SSI (in thousands):

 

      Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  
      2011     2010     2011     2010  

Income from continuing operations

   $  32,123      $  18,577      $  51,017      $ 25,795   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (1,309     (1,046     (2,432     (1,860
                                

Income from continuing operations attributable to SSI

     30,814        17,531        48,585        23,935   

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

     11        (72     34        (15,046
                                

Net income attributable to SSI

   $ 30,825      $ 17,459      $ 48,619      $ 8,889   
                                

Computation of shares:

        

Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic

     27,627        27,873        27,595        27,835   

Incremental common shares attributable to dilutive stock options, performance share awards, DSUs and RSUs

     317        244        323        292   
                                

Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted

     27,944        28,117        27,918        28,127   
                                

 

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SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 14 - Related Party Transactions

The Company purchases recycled metal from its joint venture operations at prices that approximate fair market value. These purchases totaled $13 million and $6 million for the three months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $23 million and $10 million for the six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Advances to these joint ventures were less than $1 million for the three months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $1 million and less than $1 million for the six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company owed $2 million to joint ventures as of February 28, 2011 compared to $1 million as of August 31, 2010.

In November 2010, the Company and a joint venture partner entered into a series of agreements to facilitate the expansion of their joint venture operations in order to increase the flow of scrap into MRB yards. In order to fund this growth, the Company and its joint venture partner each contributed an additional $2 million in equity to the joint venture.

Thomas D. Klauer, Jr., President of the Company’s Auto Parts Business, is the sole shareholder of a corporation that is the 25% minority partner in a partnership in which the Company is the 75% partner and which operates four self-service stores in Northern California. Mr. Klauer’s 25% share of the profits of this partnership totaled $1 million for each of the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010. The Company and a company owned by Mr. Klauer jointly own the real property at one of these stores, which is leased to the partnership. Mr. Klauer’s share of the annual rent paid by the partnership is less than $1 million. The term of this lease expires in December 2015, and the partnership has the option to renew the lease, upon its expiration, for multiple five-year periods. Rent under the lease is adjusted annually based on the Consumer Price Index. The partnership also leases property owned by Mr. Klauer, through a company of which he is the sole shareholder. The term of this lease expires in December 2015, and the partnership has the option to renew the lease, upon its expiration, for multiple five-year periods. Rent under the lease is adjusted annually based on the Consumer Price Index. The rent paid by the partnership to Mr. Klauer’s company for this parcel was less than $1 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010.

Certain members of the Schnitzer family own significant interests in the Company. All transactions with the Schnitzer family (including Schnitzer family companies) require the approval of the Company’s Audit Committee, and the Company is in compliance with this policy. Members of the Schnitzer family own all of the outstanding stock of Schnitzer Investment Corp. (“SIC”), which is engaged in the real estate business and was a subsidiary of the Company prior to 1989. The Company and SIC are both potentially responsible parties with respect to Portland Harbor, which has been designated as a Superfund site since December 2000. The Company and SIC have worked together in response to Portland Harbor matters, and the Company has paid all of the legal and consulting fees for the joint defense, in part due to its environmental indemnity obligation to SIC with respect to the Portland scrap metal operations property. As these costs have increased substantially in the last

 

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NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

two years, the Company and SIC have agreed to an equitable cost sharing arrangement with respect to defense costs under which SIC will pay 50% of the legal and consulting costs, net of insurance recoveries. The Company has recognized less than $1 million and $1 million in reimbursement of environmental expenses for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011, respectively, compared to less than $1 million and $2 million for the same periods in the prior year, for SIC’s share of costs. Amounts receivable from SIC under this agreement were less than $1 million as of February 28, 2011 and $1 million as of August 31, 2010.

Note 15 - Segment Information

The Company operates in three reporting segments: metal purchasing, processing, recycling and selling (MRB), used auto parts (APB) and mini-mill steel manufacturing (SMB). Additionally, the Company is a noncontrolling partner in joint ventures, which are either in the metals recycling business or are suppliers of unprocessed metal. The Company’s reporting segments are based on the nature of the business activities (nature of different products and production processes) from which it earns revenues and incurs expenses, financial information reviewed by the chief operating decision-maker, capital allocation and performance assessment process and organizational structure.

The information provided below is obtained from internal information that is provided to the Company’s chief operating decision-maker for the purpose of corporate management. The Company uses operating income (loss) to measure segment performance. The Company does not allocate corporate interest income and expense, income taxes, other income and expenses related to corporate activity or corporate expense for management and administrative services that benefit all three segments. Because of this unallocated expense, the operating income (loss) of each reporting segment does not reflect the operating income (loss) the reporting segment would have as a stand-alone business. All amounts presented exclude the results of operations of the Company’s discontinued full-service used auto parts operation.

 

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NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The table below illustrates the Company’s operating results from continuing operations by reporting segment (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  
     2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenues:

        

Metals Recycling Business:

        

External customer revenues

   $ 597,979      $ 465,163      $ 1,157,978      $ 746,005   

Intersegment revenues

     39,049        24,187        70,758        59,817   
                                

Total Metals Recycling Business revenues

     637,028        489,350        1,228,736        805,822   
                                

Auto Parts Business:

        

External customer revenues

     53,795        43,621        105,265        88,381   

Intersegment revenues

     18,738        11,182        33,949        21,683   
                                

Total Auto Parts Business revenues

     72,533        54,803        139,214        110,064   
                                

Steel Manufacturing Business:

        

External customer revenues

     70,068        55,544        133,703        124,224   
                                

Total revenues:

        

External customer revenues

     721,842        564,328        1,396,946        958,610   

Intersegment revenues

     57,787        35,369        104,707        81,500   
                                

Total revenues

   $ 779,629      $ 599,697      $ 1,501,653      $ 1,040,110   
                                

 

Reconciliation of the Company’s segment operating income (loss) to income from continuing operations before income taxes:

 

  

Metals Recycling Business

   $ 41,691      $ 28,671      $ 67,225      $ 44,580   

Auto Parts Business

     15,957        12,871        29,996        23,288   

Steel Manufacturing Business

     (711     (2,124     (2,746     (9,689
                                

Segment operating income

     56,937        39,418        94,475        58,179   

Corporate and eliminations

     (11,000     (10,881     (20,098     (20,361
                                

Operating income

     45,937        28,537        74,377        37,818   

Interest income

     234        186        289        303   

Interest expense

     (1,157     (695     (1,755     (1,313

Other income

     2,854        285        3,015        587   
                                

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

   $ 47,868      $ 28,313      $ 75,926      $ 37,395   
                                

The following is a summary of the Company’s total assets (in thousands):

 

     February 28, 2011     August 31, 2010  

Metals Recycling Business

   $ 1,495,553      $ 1,405,765   

Auto Parts Business

     270,194        243,976   

Steel Manufacturing Business

     317,687        322,601   
                

Total segment assets

     2,083,434        1,972,342   

Corporate and eliminations

     (423,644     (628,924
                

Total assets

   $ 1,659,790      $ 1,343,418   
                

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This section includes a discussion of our operations for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010. The following discussion and analysis provides information which management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of our results of operations and financial condition. The discussion should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements and information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q by Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc. (“the Company”) that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are made pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Except as noted herein or as the context may otherwise require, all references to “we,” “our,” “us” and “SSI” refer to the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.

Forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include statements regarding our expectations, intentions, beliefs and strategies regarding the future, including statements regarding trends, cyclicality and changes in the markets we sell into; strategic direction; changes to manufacturing processes; the cost of compliance with environmental and other laws; expected tax rates and deductions; the realization of deferred tax assets; planned capital expenditures; liquidity positions; ability to generate cash from continuing operations; the potential impact of adopting new accounting pronouncements; expected results, including pricing, sales volumes and profitability; obligations under our retirement plans; savings or additional costs from business realignment and cost containment programs; and the adequacy of accruals.

When used in this report, the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “assumes,” “estimates,” “evaluates,” “may,” “could,” “opinions,” “forecasts,” “future,” “forward,” “potential,” “probable” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

We may make other forward-looking statements from time to time, including in press releases and public conference calls. All forward-looking statements we make are based on information available to us at the time the statements are made, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as may be required by law. Our business is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those included in, or implied by, such forward-looking statements. Some of these risks and uncertainties are discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors of Part I in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010. Other examples include volatile supply and demand conditions affecting prices and volumes in the markets for both our products and raw materials we purchase; world economic conditions; world political conditions; our ability to match raw material intake and finished product output with demand; changes in income tax laws; government regulations and environmental matters; the impact of pending or new laws and regulations regarding imports into and exports from the United States (“US”) and other countries; foreign currency fluctuations; competition; seasonality, including weather; energy supplies; freight rates and availability of transportation; loss of key personnel; the inability to obtain sufficient quantities of scrap metal to support current orders; purchase price estimates made during acquisitions; business integration issues relating to acquisitions of businesses; creditworthiness of and availability of credit to suppliers and customers; new accounting pronouncements; availability of capital resources; business disruptions resulting from installation or replacement of major capital assets; natural disasters and disturbances; and the adverse impact of climate change, including as a result of treaties, legislation or regulations.

 

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General

Founded in 1906, Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc., an Oregon corporation, is one of the nation’s largest recyclers of ferrous and nonferrous scrap metal, a leading recycler of used and salvaged vehicles and a manufacturer of finished steel products.

We operate in three reporting segments: the Metals Recycling Business (“MRB”), the Auto Parts Business (“APB”) and the Steel Manufacturing Business (“SMB”), which collectively provide an end-of-life cycle solution for a variety of metal products through our integrated businesses. We use operating income (loss) to measure our segment performance. Corporate expense consists primarily of unallocated expense for management and administrative services that benefit all three reporting segments. As a result of this unallocated expense, the operating income (loss) of each reporting segment does not reflect the operating income (loss) the reporting segment would have as a stand-alone business. For further information regarding our reporting segments, see Note 15 – Segment Information in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

Our results of operations depend in large part on demand and prices for recycled metal in foreign and domestic markets and steel products in the Western US. Our deep water port facilities on both the East and West coasts of the US (in Everett, Massachusetts; Oakland, California; Portland, Oregon; Tacoma, Washington; and Providence, Rhode Island, all of which are owned except for the Providence, Rhode Island facility, which is operated under a long-term lease) and access to public deep water port facilities (in Kapolei, Hawaii and Salinas, Puerto Rico) allow us to meet the demand for recycled metal by steel manufacturers located in Europe, Asia, Central America and Africa. Our processing facilities in the Southeastern US also provide access to the automobile and steel manufacturing industries in that region.

Executive Overview of Financial Results for the Second Quarter of Fiscal 2011

In the second quarter of fiscal 2011, we delivered strong financial and operating performance, continuing an overall upward trend in both quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year performance. Our improved performance was due to continuing strong worldwide demand from export markets as well as recovering domestic demand for scrap and recycled metal, which led to higher average net selling prices, improved operating efficiencies and increased availability of raw materials. Our Metals Recycling Business, with its geographic concentration on the East and West Coasts of the US and seven deep water ports, benefited from continued steady growth in the developing economies to which we export that created higher demand which contributed to higher scrap prices. Our Auto Parts Business benefited from increases in commodity prices and higher purchased car volumes that generated higher operating income. Our Steel Manufacturing Business capitalized on increased average selling prices to narrow its operating loss from the second quarter of fiscal 2010.

 

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The following items summarize our consolidated financial results for the second quarter of fiscal 2011:

 

   

Revenues of $722 million, compared to $564 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2010;

 

   

Operating income of $46 million, compared to $29 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2010;

 

   

Net income attributable to SSI of $31 million, or $1.10 per share (diluted), compared to $17 million, or $0.62 per share (diluted), in the second quarter of fiscal 2010;

 

   

Net cash provided by operating activities of $20 million, compared to $16 million in the first six months of fiscal 2010;

 

   

Cash and cash equivalents of $48 million, compared to $30 million as of August 31, 2010; and

 

   

Debt, net of cash, of $273 million, compared to $70 million as of August 31, 2010 (see the reconciliation of Debt, net of cash in Non-GAAP Financial Measures at the end of Item 2).

 

   

$166 million spent on eight acquisitions during the first six months of fiscal 2011

Our MRB segment generated revenues of $637 million, a $148 million increase from the second quarter of fiscal 2010, which included a $102 million, or 26%, increase in ferrous revenues and a $43 million, or 49%, increase in nonferrous revenues, due to increased demand from both export and domestic markets which contributed to higher scrap prices. MRB had operating income of $42 million compared to $29 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2010.

Our APB segment generated revenues of $73 million, an $18 million increase from the second quarter of fiscal 2010. The increase in revenues was driven by a $10 million increase in scrap vehicle revenue and a $6 million increase in core revenue. APB had second quarter operating income of $16 million compared to $13 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2010.

Our SMB segment generated revenues of $70 million, a $15 million increase from the second quarter of fiscal 2010. The increase in revenues reflected an increase in sales prices due to recovering West Coast markets. SMB had an operating loss of ($1) million compared to ($2) million for the second quarter of fiscal 2010.

 

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Results of Operations

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  

($ in thousands)

   2011     2010     % Change     2011     2010     % Change  

Revenues:

            

Metals Recycling Business

   $ 637,028      $ 489,350        30   $ 1,228,736      $ 805,822        52

Auto Parts Business

     72,533        54,803        32     139,214        110,064        26

Steel Manufacturing Business

     70,068        55,544        26     133,703        124,224        8

Intercompany revenue eliminations (1)

     (57,787     (35,369     63     (104,707     (81,500     28
                                    

Total revenues

     721,842        564,328        28     1,396,946        958,610        46
                                    

Cost of goods sold:

            

Metals Recycling Business

     577,363        443,747        30     1,123,051        730,602        54

Auto Parts Business

     44,410        32,369        37     85,639        66,561        29

Steel Manufacturing Business

     68,955        55,685        24     133,173        130,526        2

Intercompany cost of goods sold eliminations (1)

     (57,872     (35,219     64     (106,461     (80,169     33
                                    

Total cost of goods sold

     632,856        496,582        27     1,235,402        847,520        46
                                    

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expense:

            

Metals Recycling Business

     18,943        17,692        7     40,590        31,733        28

Auto Parts Business

     12,166        9,563        27     23,579        20,215        17

Steel Manufacturing Business

     1,824        1,983        (8 %)      3,276        3,387        (3 %) 

Corporate (2)

     11,100        10,423        6     21,663        18,772        15
                                    

Total SG&A expense

     44,033        39,661        11     89,108        74,107        20
                                    

Environmental matters:

            

Metals Recycling Business

     0        (532     NM        (200     (382     (48 %) 
                                    

Total environmental matters

     0        (532     NM        (200     (382     (48 %) 
                                    

(Income) loss from joint ventures:

            

Metals Recycling Business

     (969     (228     325     (1,930     (711     171

Change in intercompany (income) loss elimination (3)

     (15     308        NM        189        258        (27 %) 
                                    

Total joint venture (income) loss

     (984     80        NM        (1,741     (453     284
                                    

Operating income (loss):

            

Metals Recycling Business

     41,691        28,671        45     67,225        44,580        51

Auto Parts Business

     15,957        12,871        24     29,996        23,288        29

Steel Manufacturing Business

     (711     (2,124     (67 %)      (2,746     (9,689     (72 %) 

Corporate expense

     (11,100     (10,431     6     (21,663     (18,780     15

Change in intercompany income (loss) elimination (4)

     100        (450     NM        1,565        (1,581     NM   
                                    

Total operating income

   $ 45,937      $ 28,537        61   $ 74,377      $ 37,818        97
                                    

NM = Not Meaningful

 

(1)

MRB sells recycled ferrous metal to SMB at rates per ton that approximate West Coast export market prices. In addition, APB sells auto bodies to MRB. These intercompany revenues and cost of goods sold are eliminated in consolidation.

(2)

Corporate expense consists primarily of unallocated expenses for services that benefit all three reporting segments. As a consequence of this unallocated expense, the operating income of each segment does not reflect the operating income the segment would have as a stand-alone business.

(3)

Certain joint ventures sell recycled ferrous metal to MRB, a portion of which is sold to SMB. Consequently, these intercompany revenues produce an intercompany operating (income) loss, which is not recognized until the finished products are sold to third parties; therefore, intercompany profit is eliminated while the products remain in inventory.

(4)

Intercompany income (loss) is not recognized until the finished products are sold to third parties, therefore intercompany profit is eliminated while the products remain in inventory.

Revenues

Consolidated revenues for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 increased $158 million, or 28%, to $722 million, and increased $438 million, or 46%, to $1.4 billion for the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared to the same periods in the prior year, primarily due to continuing strong worldwide demand from export markets as well as recovering domestic demand for scrap and recycled metal and increased availability of raw materials, which led to higher average net selling prices.

 

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Operating Income

Consolidated operating income increased $17 million to $46 million, or 6.4% of revenues, for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and increased $37 million to $74 million, or 5.3% of revenues, for the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared to the same periods in the prior year. The improvements in consolidated operating income and operating margin as a percentage of revenue were primarily due to higher average net selling prices. Consolidated operating income included $44 million and $89 million, respectively, in consolidated SG&A expenses for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011. This was an increase of $4 million and $15 million, respectively, over the same periods in the prior year, primarily due to a $4 million and $9 million increase, respectively, in compensation expense due to improved financial performance and increased headcount from recent acquisitions, a $1 million and $2 million increase, respectively, for professional and other third party services, primarily due to transaction costs associated with acquisitions. In addition, for the six month period ended February 28, 2011, professional service expense increased an additional $3 million due to environmental cost reimbursements received in the prior year. These increases were partially offset by a $3 million increase in favorable customer contract settlements, which included $6 million of favorable settlements in the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

Other Income (Expense)

Other income increased $2 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011, compared to the same periods in the prior year. This increase was primarily attributable to $3 million of unrealized transaction gains relating to the foreign currency forward contracts we entered into in the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

Income Tax Expense

Our effective tax rates for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2011 were 32.9%, and 32.8%, respectively, compared to 34.4% and 31.0% for the same periods in the prior year. The difference in rates was primarily due to the enactment in the first quarter of fiscal 2010 of the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Act of 2009. The act extended the carry back period for corporate net operating losses from two years to five years, thereby restoring the tax benefit of the full manufacturing deduction originally claimed in fiscal 2007 which reduced the effective tax rate for the first six months of fiscal 2010 by 3.1%.

The effective tax rate is expected to be approximately 33% for the remainder of fiscal 2011.

 

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Financial Results by Segment

We operate our business across three reporting segments: MRB, APB and SMB. Additional financial information relating to these reporting segments is contained in Note 15 - Segment Information in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

Metals Recycling Business

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  

($ in thousands, except for prices)

   2011     2010     %
Change
    2011     2010     %
Change
 

Ferrous revenues

   $ 502,289      $ 399,995        26   $ 983,157      $ 632,004        56

Nonferrous revenues

     130,441        87,748        49     238,713        170,602        40

Other

     4,298        1,607        167     6,866        3,216        113
                                    

Total segment revenues

     637,028        489,350        30     1,228,736        805,822        52

Cost of goods sold

     577,363        443,747        30     1,123,051        730,602        54

Selling, general and administrative expense

     18,943        17,692        7     40,590        31,733        28

Environmental matters

     0        (532     NM        (200     (382     (48 %) 

Income from joint ventures

     (969     (228     325     (1,930     (711     171
                                    

Segment operating income

   $ 41,691      $ 28,671        45   $ 67,225      $ 44,580        51
                                    
                

Average ferrous recycled metal sales prices ($/LT): (1)

            

Steel Manufacturing Business

   $ 408      $ 300        36   $ 380      $ 295        29

Other domestic

   $ 399      $ 292        37   $ 354      $ 273        30

Foreign

   $ 424      $ 298        42   $ 389      $ 292        33

Average

   $ 419      $ 297        41   $ 384      $ 289        33

Ferrous sales volume (LT, in thousands):

            

Steel Manufacturing Business

     96        81        19     186        203        (8 %) 

Other domestic

     144        160        (10 %)      306        295        4
                                    

Total domestic

     240        241        (0 %)      492        498        (1 %) 

Foreign

     860        933        (8 %)      1,839        1,433        28
                                    

Total ferrous sales volume (LT, in thousands)

     1,100        1,174        (6 %)      2,331        1,931        21

Average nonferrous sales price ($/pound) (1)

   $ 1.04      $ 0.80        30   $ 0.99      $ 0.76        30

Nonferrous sales volumes (pounds, in thousands)

     121,498        104,892        16     232,993        215,139        8

Outbound freight included in cost of goods sold (in thousands)

   $ 45,212      $ 54,430        (17 %)    $ 96,009      $ 79,733        20

 

(1)

Price information is shown after netting the cost of freight incurred to deliver the product to the customer.

LT = Long Ton, which is 2,240 pounds

NM = Not Meaningful

Revenues

Second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared with second quarter of fiscal 2010

MRB revenues increased $148 million, or 30% to 637 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

Ferrous revenues increased $102 million, or 26%, to $502 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011, due to higher average ferrous net selling prices. The average net selling price increased by $122 per long ton, or 41%, to $419 per long ton for the second quarter of fiscal 2011, primarily due to increased demand from export markets as well as recovering domestic demand and increased availability of raw materials. Ferrous sales volumes decreased by 74 thousand long tons, or (6%), to 1.1 million long tons due to the timing of shipments at the end of the second quarter.

 

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Nonferrous revenues increased $43 million, or 49%, to $130 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011, driven by increases in the average nonferrous net selling price and sales volumes. The average nonferrous net selling price increased by $0.24 per pound, or 30%, to $1.04 per pound and nonferrous sales volumes increased by 17 million pounds, or 16%, to 121 million pounds, reflecting increased commodity prices, improved recovery of nonferrous materials through enhanced processing technologies, and additional volumes from recent acquisitions.

First six months of fiscal 2011 compared with first six months of fiscal 2010

MRB revenues increased $423 million, or 52% to 1.2 billion for the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Ferrous revenues increased $351 million, or 56%, to $983 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011, due to both higher average ferrous net selling prices and higher sales volumes. The average net selling price increased by $95 per long ton, or 33%, to $384 per long ton for the first six months of fiscal 2011, primarily due to strong demand in foreign and domestic markets which drove further increases in foreign selling prices. Ferrous sales volumes increased by 400 thousand long tons, or 21%, to 2.3 million long tons driven by worldwide demand for scrap and recycled metal and increased availability of raw materials.

Nonferrous revenues increased $68 million, or 40%, to $239 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011, driven by increases in the average nonferrous net selling price and sales volumes. The average nonferrous net selling price increased by $0.23 per pound, or 30%, to $0.99 per pound and nonferrous sales volumes increased by 18 million pounds, or 8%, to 233 million pounds, reflecting improved demand, higher commodity prices, improved recovery of nonferrous materials through enhanced processing technologies and additional volumes from recent acquisitions.

Segment Operating Income

Second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared with second quarter of fiscal 2010

Operating income for MRB increased to $42 million, or 6.5% of revenues for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared to $29 million, or 5.9% of revenues for the second quarter of fiscal 2010. The increase in operating income and operating margin as a percentage of revenues reflected higher average net selling prices, which outpaced increasing purchase costs, increased availability of raw materials and continued benefits from improved production operating efficiencies.

Included in operating income for MRB was an increase in SG&A expenses of $1 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011, primarily due to a $3 million increase in compensation expense due to improved financial performance and increased headcount from new acquisitions and a $2 million increase in professional and other third party services due to transaction costs associated with acquisitions. These increases were partially offset by a $4 million increase in favorable customer contract settlements, which included $6 million of favorable settlements in the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

 

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First six months of fiscal 2011 compared with first six months of fiscal 2010

Operating income for MRB increased to $67 million, or 5.5% of revenues for the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared to $45 million, or 5.5% of revenues for the same period in the prior year. The increase in operating income reflects higher average net selling prices, increased availability of raw materials and continued benefits from improved production operating efficiencies.

Included in operating income for MRB was an increase in SG&A expenses of $9 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011, primarily due to a $4 million increase in compensation expense due to improved financial performance and increased headcount from new acquisitions and a $4 million increase in professional and other third party services due to environmental cost reimbursements in the prior year and transaction costs associated with acquisitions. These increases were partially offset by a $3 million increase in favorable customer contract settlements, which included $6 million of favorable settlements in the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

Outlook

As an update to the outlook for fiscal 2011 that was provided in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010, we expect the acquisitions made through March 31, 2011, to provide on an annual basis approximately 550 thousand ferrous long tons of volume. However, as we have historically purchased approximately 60% of this volume from the acquired businesses, we expect that only approximately 40% of the acquired volumes will be incremental to existing volumes. In addition, these acquisitions are expected to provide on an annual basis approximately 60 million pounds of nonferrous material that is entirely incremental to existing volumes. Subject to the impact of short term volatility in economic conditions and the effects of purchase accounting, which is not yet complete for acquisitions subsequent to February 28, 2011, we expect these acquisitions to be accretive to net income in fiscal 2011.

On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced a magnitude 9.0 earthquake, followed by a related tsunami and heightened risks at certain of its nuclear facilities. We have analyzed the impact on our sales to Japan and the potential impacts on our sales to China and Southeast Asia and on our steel mill and determined that we do not currently expect any material impact on our financial position or results of operations due to these events. We will continue to evaluate the impact of this tragedy on our global operations.

 

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Auto Parts Business

 

     Three Months Ended February 28     Six Months Ended February 28  

($ in thousands)

   2011      2010      %
Change
    2011      2010      %
Change
 

Revenues

   $ 72,533       $ 54,803         32   $ 139,214       $ 110,064         26

Cost of goods sold

     44,410         32,369         37     85,639         66,561         29

Selling, general and administrative expense

     12,166         9,563         27     23,579         20,215         17
                                        

Segment operating income

   $ 15,957       $ 12,871         24   $ 29,996       $ 23,288         29
                                        

Number of stores at period end

     50         45         11     50         45         11

Cars purchased (in thousands)

     81         70         16     163         158         3

Revenues

APB revenues increased $18 million, or 32%, to $73 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and increased $29 million, or 26%, to $139 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011. The increases in revenues included a $10 million increase in scrap vehicle revenue and a $6 million increase in core revenue for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and a $17 million increase in scrap vehicle revenue and an $11 million increase in core revenue for the first six months of fiscal 2011. These increases in revenues were driven by increased sales prices as a result of higher commodity prices and car volumes, improved production operating efficiencies and an increase from 45 to 50 self-service store locations. In addition, the increase in sales prices and volumes for the first six months of fiscal 2011 was achieved despite no benefits received from the Cash-For-Clunkers government stimulus program that increased sales volumes in the first six months of fiscal 2010.

Segment Operating Income

APB’s operating income increased to $16 million, or 22.0% of revenues, for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared to $13 million, or 23.5% of revenues, for the same period in the prior year and increased to $30 million, or 21.5% of revenues, for the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared to $23 million, or 21.2% of revenues, for the same period in the prior year. These increases in operating income reflected the impact of higher commodity prices which drove increased volumes of scrap and core sales, offsetting seasonally lower admissions and part sales. The decrease in operating margin as a percentage of revenues during the second quarter of fiscal 2011 reflected higher car purchasing costs which outpaced the increase in sales prices.

Included in operating income for APB was an increase in SG&A expenses of $3 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011, primarily due to a $1 million increase in compensation expense due to improved financial performance and increased headcount from new acquisitions and a $1 million increase in advertising expenses.

 

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Steel Manufacturing Business

 

     Three Months Ended February 28,     Six Months Ended February 28,  

($ in thousands, except for price)

   2011     2010     %
Change
    2011     2010     %
Change
 

Revenues (1)

   $ 70,068      $ 55,544        26   $ 133,703      $ 124,224        8

Cost of goods sold

     68,955        55,685        24     133,173        130,526        2

Selling, general and administrative expense

     1,824        1,983        (8 %)      3,276        3,387        (3 %) 
                                    

Segment operating loss

   $ (711   $ (2,124     (67 %)    $ (2,746   $ (9,689     (72 %) 
                                    

Finished steel products average sales price ($/ton) (2)

   $ 687      $ 556        24   $ 660      $ 538        23

Finished steel products sold (tons, in thousands)

     99        97        2     197        197        0

Rolling mill utilization

     52     51       50     53  

 

(1)

Revenues include sales of semi-finished goods (billets) and finished steel products.

(2)

Price information is shown after netting the cost of freight incurred to deliver the product to the customer.

Revenues

SMB revenues increased $15 million, or 26%, to $70 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and increased $9 million, or 8%, to $134 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011, as a result of increased average selling prices. Average selling prices of finished steel products increased $131 per ton, or 24%, to $687 per ton, for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and increased $122 per ton, or 23%, to $660 per ton, for the first six months of fiscal 2011, reflecting our increased ability to pass through higher purchase prices for scrap and other raw materials to end customers.

Segment Operating Loss

SMB’s operating loss was ($1) million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 compared to an operating loss of ($2) million for the same period in the prior year. As a percentage of revenues, SMB’s operating loss improved by 2.8 percentage points in the second quarter of fiscal 2011. SMB’s operating loss was ($3) million for the first six months of fiscal 2011 compared to an operating loss of ($10) million for the same period in the prior year. As a percentage of revenues, SMB’s operating loss improved by 5.7 percentage points in the first six months of fiscal 2011. These improvements reflect the impact of increased average selling prices, which outpaced the increase in scrap and other raw material purchase costs, and a reduction in natural gas costs of $1 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and $3 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We rely on cash provided by operating activities as a primary source of liquidity, supplemented by current cash on hand and existing credit facilities.

Sources and Uses of Cash

We had cash balances of $48 million as of February 28, 2011 and $30 million as of August 31, 2010. Cash balances are intended to be used primarily for working capital and capital expenditures. We use excess cash on hand to reduce amounts outstanding under our credit facilities. As of February 28, 2011, debt, net of cash, was $273 million compared to $70 million as of August 31, 2010 (see the reconciliation of Debt, net of cash in Non-GAAP Financial Measures at the end of Item 2).

 

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Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 was $20 million, compared to $16 million in the first six months of fiscal 2010.

Cash used in operating activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 included an increase in inventory of $80 million due to higher purchase costs for raw materials and an increase of $29 million in accounts receivable due to the timing of collections. Sources of cash included an increase of $31 million in accounts payable due to increases in purchase costs for raw materials and the timing of payments and an increase of $15 million in accrued taxes due to our improved financial results.

Cash provided by operating activities for the first six months of fiscal 2010 included an income tax refund of $41 million that was received in the second quarter of fiscal 2010, a $49 million increase in inventory (excluding $35 million of inventory sold as a part of the divestiture of the full service auto parts operations) due to higher purchase costs and higher volumes of material on hand at period end and an increase in accounts receivable of $47 million due to timing of collections.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 was $213 million, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $10 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2010.

Cash used in investing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 included $166 million paid for acquisitions and $46 million in capital expenditures to upgrade our equipment and infrastructure.

Cash used in investing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2010 included $29 million paid for completed acquisitions and $22 million in capital expenditures to upgrade our equipment and infrastructure, partially offset by $41 million in proceeds from the sale of the full-service auto parts business and other assets.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 was $210 million, compared to net cash used of $14 million in the first six months of fiscal 2010.

Cash provided by financing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2011 included $220 million in additional net debt borrowings (refer to Non-GAAP Financial Measures below) which were principally used to support recent acquisitions, higher working capital requirements and capital expenditures.

 

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Cash used in financing activities in the first six months of fiscal 2010 included $10 million in net debt repayments (refer to Non-GAAP Financial Measures below).

Credit Facilities

In February 2011, we amended and restated our unsecured committed bank credit agreement with Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other lenders party thereto to increase the amount available to US $650 million from $450 million, including $30 million in Canadian Dollar borrowings. The final maturity was also extended to February 2016. Interest rates on outstanding indebtedness under the amended agreement are based, at our option, on either the London Interbank Offered Rate (or the Canadian equivalent) plus a spread of between 1.75% and 2.75%, with the amount of the spread based on a pricing grid tied to our leverage ratio, or the base rate plus a spread of between 0% and 1%. In addition, annual commitment fees are payable on the unused portion of the credit facility at rates between 0.25% and 0.45%, which is also based on a pricing grid tied to our leverage ratio. We paid commitment fees of less than $1 million for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010. We had borrowings outstanding under the credit facility of $310 million as of February 28, 2011 and $90 million as of August 31, 2010. The weighted average interest rate on amounts outstanding under this facility was 2.26% as of February 28, 2011 and 0.79% as of August 31, 2010.

We also have an unsecured, uncommitted $25 million credit line with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. The term of this credit facility was recently extended to March 1, 2012. Interest rates are set by the bank at the time of borrowing. We had no borrowings outstanding under this facility as of February 28, 2011 or August 31, 2010.

The two bank credit agreements contain various representations and warranties, events of default and financial and other covenants, including covenants regarding maintenance of a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio and a maximum leverage ratio. As of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010, we were in compliance with all such covenants. We use these credit facilities to fund acquisitions, capital expenditures, share repurchases and working capital requirements.

In addition, as of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010, we had $8 million of long-term bonded indebtedness that matures in January 2021.

Acquisitions

During the first six months of fiscal 2011, we closed eight acquisitions with an aggregate purchase price of $166 million as we continued to execute our growth strategy. See Note 3 – Business Combinations in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this report for additional information on business acquisitions. Subsequent to February 28, 2011, we acquired a metals recycling business with four yards in British Columbia and two yards in Alberta, Canada.

 

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Capital Expenditures

Capital expenditures totaled $46 million for the first six months of fiscal 2011, compared to $22 million for the same period in the prior year. During the second quarter of fiscal 2011, we continued our investment in general improvements at a number of our metals recycling facilities, including investments in technology to improve the recovery of nonferrous materials from the shredding process and investments to further improve efficiency and increase capacity, increase worker safety and enhance environmental systems. We plan to invest in the range of $50 million to $80 million in capital expenditures during the remainder of fiscal 2011, which is expected to be spent on continued investments in technology to improve the recovery of nonferrous materials from the shredding process, material handling and processing equipment, enhancements to our information technology infrastructure, improvements for the facilities, environmental and safety infrastructure and normal equipment replacement. We believe these investments will create value for our shareholders. We expect to use cash provided by operating activities and available lines of credit to fund capital expenditures during the remainder of fiscal 2011.

Environmental Compliance

Our commitment to sustainable recycling and operating our business in an environmentally responsible manner requires us to continue to invest in facilities that improve our environmental presence in the communities in which we operate. We invested $4 million in capital expenditures for environmental projects during the first six months of fiscal 2011 and we plan to invest a further $17 million in capital expenditures for environmental projects during the remainder of fiscal 2011. These projects include investments in storm water systems and equipment to ensure ongoing compliance with air quality and other environmental regulations.

We have been identified by the EPA as a PRP that owns or operates or formerly owned or operated sites adjacent to the Portland Harbor Superfund site. Because there has not been a determination of the total investigation costs, the remediation that will be required, the amount of natural resource damages or how the costs of the ongoing investigations and any remedy and natural resource damages will be allocated among the PRPs, it is not presently possible to estimate the costs which we are likely to incur in connection with the Site, although such costs could be significant and material to our future cash flows. Any material liabilities recorded in the future related to the Site could result in our failure to maintain compliance with certain covenants in our debt agreements. Significant cash outflows in the future related to the Site could reduce the amounts available for borrowing that could otherwise be used for investment in capital expenditures and acquisitions. The EPA has indicated that it expects to issue a record of decision that will discuss remedial alternatives for the Site sometime in 2012. See Note 7 – Environmental Liabilities and Other Contingencies in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

 

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Assessment of Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, our available cash resources, internally generated funds, credit facilities and equity offerings have financed our acquisitions, capital expenditures, share repurchases, working capital and other financing needs.

We believe our current cash resources, internally generated funds, existing credit facilities and access to the capital markets will provide adequate financing for acquisitions, capital expenditures, working capital, joint ventures, share repurchases, debt service requirements, post-retirement obligations and future environmental obligations for the next 12 months. However, should market conditions deteriorate, we may need additional short-term liquidity, which would require us to evaluate available alternatives and take appropriate steps to obtain sufficient additional funds. There can be no assurance that any such supplemental funding, if sought, could be obtained or, if obtained, would be adequate or on acceptable terms.

As of February 28, 2011, we had $48 million in cash, of which $22 million is indefinitely reinvested in Puerto Rico and not available to satisfy our general cash needs.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

With the exception of operating leases and letters of credit, we are not a party to any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. We enter into operating leases for both new equipment and property. There have been no material changes to any off-balance sheet arrangements as discussed in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010.

Contractual Obligations

As of February 28, 2011, contractual obligations that have materially changed from the contractual obligations table in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 are presented in the table below:

 

     Payment Due by Period  
     Remainder
of 2011
     2012      2013      2014      2015      2016      Thereafter      Total  

Contractual Obligations

                 

Long-term debt (1)

   $ 642       $ 252       $ 267       $ 283       $ 0       $ 310,000       $ 7,700       $ 319,144   

Interest payments on long-term debt

     3,522         7,092         7,077         7,061         7,044         3,537         177         35,510   

Capital leases

     729         1,354         1,307         1,046         738         650         2,538         8,362   

Operating leases

     10,025         18,427         15,933         13,145         8,868         3,097         4,280         73,775   
                                                                       

Total

   $ 14,918       $ 27,125       $ 24,584       $ 21,535       $ 16,650       $ 317,284       $ 14,695       $ 436,791   
                                                                       

 

(1) Our unsecured committed bank credit agreement expires in February 2016 and our long-term bonded indebtedness matures in January 2021, resulting in $310 million and $8 million of obligations in 2016 and thereafter, respectively.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We believe that the assumptions, estimates and judgments involved in the critical accounting policies and estimates described in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 have the most significant potential impact on our financial statements. These estimates require difficult and subjective judgments, including whether estimates are required to be made about matters that are inherently uncertain, if different estimates reasonably could have been used or if changes in the estimates that are reasonably likely to occur could materially impact the financial statements. Actual results could differ from the estimates we used in applying the critical accounting policies. We are not currently aware of any reasonably likely events or circumstances that would result in materially different amounts being reported.

Derivatives and Hedging

Derivatives are held for purposes other than trading and are considered part of our risk management strategy. Our hedges of foreign currency exposures where no hedging relationship is designated are marked to market through earnings. Cash flows from derivatives are recognized in the Statement of Consolidated Cash Flows consistent with the underlying transactions.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

For a description of recent accounting pronouncements that may have an impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, see Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Debt, net of cash

Debt, net of cash is the difference between (i) the sum of long-term debt and short-term debt (i.e., total debt) and (ii) cash and cash equivalents. Management believes that debt, net of cash is a useful measure for investors because, as cash and cash equivalents can be used, among other things, to repay indebtedness, netting this against total debt is a useful measure of our leverage.

The following is a reconciliation of debt, net of cash (in thousands):

 

     February 28, 2011      August 31, 2010  

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, current

   $ 700       $ 1,189   

Long-term debt and capital lease obligations, net of current maturities

     320,112         99,240   
                 

Total debt

     320,812         100,429   

Less: cash and cash equivalents

     48,245         30,342   
                 

Total debt, net of cash

   $ 272,567       $ 70,087   
                 

 

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Net debt borrowings (repayment)

Net debt borrowings (repayment) is the difference between (i) the sum of long-term debt and line of credit borrowings and (ii) repayments of long-term debt and line of credit borrowings. Management believes that net debt borrowings (repayment) is useful for investors as a measure of our leverage.

 

($ in thousands)

   2011     2010  

For the six months ended February 28,

    

Borrowings from long-term debt and line of credit

   $ 724,000      $ 566,500   

Repayment of long-term debt and line of credit

   $ (504,298   $ (576,948
                

Net debt borrowings (repayment)

   $ 219,702      $ (10,448
                

Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures allow for a better understanding of our operating and financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, the most directly comparable US GAAP measures.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Commodity Price Risk

The information required hereunder is not materially different from the information set forth in Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 and is therefore not presented herein.

Interest Rate Risk

The information required hereunder is not materially different from the information set forth in Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 and is therefore not presented herein.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

We have exposure from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, see Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – Derivative Financial Instruments in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item I of this report. As of February 28, 2011, we had foreign currency forward contracts that were used to hedge the variability in cash flows from forecast receipts or expenditures denominated in currencies other than our functional currency. The unrealized gain on this hedge was recognized in current period earnings. A hypothetical 10% adverse change in exchange rates on our foreign currency hedge outstanding as of February 28, 2011, would have turned the $3 million unrealized gain into a $4 million unrealized loss.

Credit Risk

As of February 28, 2011 and August 31, 2010, 33% and 43%, respectively, of our trade accounts receivable balance was covered by letters of credit. Of the remaining balance as of February 28, 2011, 95% was less than 60 days past due, compared to 89% as of August 31, 2010.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

During the quarterly period covered by this report our management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, completed an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act). Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the quarterly period covered by this report, disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the

 

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Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

See Note 7 – Environmental Liabilities and Other Contingencies in the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in Part I, Item I, incorporated by reference herein.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Described below are risks that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition or could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report that have been identified since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 21, 2010. The risks described in our 2010 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as supplemented below, are not the only risks we face.

We are exposed to translation and transaction risks associated with fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. Hedging instruments may not be effective in mitigating such risks and may expose us to losses or limit our potential gains.

Our operations expose us to translation and transaction risks associated with fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates as compared to the US Dollar, our functional currency. A portion of our results of operations, assets and liabilities are denominated in foreign currencies. As a result, we are subject to foreign currency exchange risks due to exchange rate movements in connection with the translation of the operating income and the assets and liabilities of our foreign operations into our functional currency for inclusion in our consolidated financial statements. We are also exposed to foreign currency exchange transaction risk. As part of our risk management program, we use financial instruments, including foreign currency exchange forward contracts. While intended to reduce the effects of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, these instruments may not be effective in reducing all risks related to such fluctuations and may limit our potential gains or expose us to loss. Although we do not enter into these instruments for trading purposes or speculation, and although our management believes all such instruments are entered into as hedges of underlying physical transactions, these foreign exchange commitments are dependent on timely performance by our counterparties. Should our counterparties to such instruments or the sponsors of the exchanges through which these transactions are offered fail to honor their obligations due to financial distress or otherwise, we would be exposed to potential losses or the inability to recover anticipated gains from the transactions covered by these instruments.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

4.1   

Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated February 9, 2011, between the Registrant, Bank of America, NA, and the Other Lenders Party Thereto. Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 9, 2011, and incorporated herein by reference.

31.1   

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2   

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1   

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2   

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101   

The following financial information from Schnitzer Steel Industries, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2011, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 28, 2011, and August 31, 2010, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended February 28, 2011 and 2010, and (iv) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

   

SCHNITZER STEEL INDUSTRIES, INC.

   

(Registrant)

Date: April 4, 2011

   

By:

 

/s/ Tamara L. Lundgren

     

Tamara L. Lundgren

     

President and Chief Executive Officer

Date: April 4, 2011

   

By:

 

/s/ Richard D. Peach

     

Richard D. Peach

     

Sr. Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

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