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EX-32 - CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350 - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex32.htm
EX-18 - LETTER RE CHANGE IN ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex18.htm
EX-21 - SUBSIDIARIES OF THE REGISTRANT - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex21.htm
EX-23.1 - CONSENT OF MOSS ADAMS LLP, INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex231.htm
EX-31.2 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A) - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex312.htm
EX-10.20 - SUMMARY OF COMPENSATORY ARRANGEMENTS FOR NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTORS - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex1020.htm
EX-31.1 - CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO RULE 13A-14(A) - BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES INCdex311.htm
Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

 

 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF

THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010

Commission File Number 0-21886

BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland   52-0812977

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

8100 NE Parkway Drive, Suite 200

Vancouver, Washington

  98662
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(360) 828-0700

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per Share

  The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.     Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  ¨    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company (as indicated by Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).

Large accelerated filer  ¨                 Accelerated filer  x                 Non-accelerated filer  ¨                 Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x

State the aggregate market value of the common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant: $94,014,000 at June 30, 2010.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Class

 

Outstanding at March 18, 2011

Common Stock, Par Value $.01 Per Share   10,201,072 Shares

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are hereby incorporated by reference into Part III of Form 10-K.

 

 


Table of Contents

BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES, INC.

2010 ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     PART I    Page  
Item 1.    Business      2   
Item 1A.    Risk Factors      14   
Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments      22   
Item 2.    Properties      22   
Item 3.    Legal Proceedings      23   
Item 4.    Reserved      23   
   Executive Officers of the Registrant      23   
   PART II   
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities      24   
Item 6.    Selected Financial Data      27   
Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28   
Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      40   
Item 8.    Financial Statements and Supplementary Data      40   
Item 9.    Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure      40   
Item 9A.    Controls and Procedures      40   
Item 9B.    Other Information      45   
   PART III   
Item 10.    Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance      46   
Item 11.    Executive Compensation      46   
Item 12.    Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters      46   
Item 13.    Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence      47   
Item 14.    Principal Accountant Fees and Services      47   
   PART IV   
Item 15.    Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules      48   

Financial Statements

     F -1   

Signatures

  

Exhibit Index

  

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. BUSINESS

General

Barrett Business Services, Inc. (“Barrett,” the “Company,” “our” or “we”), was incorporated in the state of Maryland in 1965. We offer a comprehensive range of human resource management services to assist small and medium-sized businesses in managing the increasing costs and complexities of a broad array of employment-related issues. Our principal services, Professional Employer Organization (“PEO”) and staffing, assist our clients in leveraging their investment in human capital. We believe that the combination of these two principal services enables us to provide our clients with a unique blend of services not offered by our competition. Our platform of outsourced human resource management services is built upon our expertise in payroll processing, employee benefits and administration, workers’ compensation coverage, effective risk management and workplace safety programs and human resource administration.

In a PEO arrangement, we enter into a contract to become a co-employer of the client’s existing workforce and assume responsibility for some or all of the client’s human resource management responsibilities. Staffing services include on-demand or short-term staffing assignments, long-term or indefinite-term contract staffing and comprehensive on-site management. Our staffing services also include direct placement services, which involve fee-based search efforts for specific employee candidates at the request of our PEO clients, staffing customers or other companies.

Our ability to offer clients a broad mix of services allows us to effectively become the human resource department and a strategic business partner for our clients. We believe our approach to human resource management services is designed to positively affect our clients’ business results by:

 

   

allowing our clients to focus on core business activities instead of human resource matters;

 

   

increasing our clients’ productivity by improving employee satisfaction and generating greater employee retention;

 

   

reducing overall payroll expenses due to lower workers’ compensation costs; and

 

   

assisting our clients in complying with complex and evolving human resource related regulatory and tax issues.

We provide services to a diverse array of customers, including, among others, electronics manufacturers, various light-manufacturing industries, forest products and agriculture-based companies, transportation and shipping enterprises, food processing, telecommunications, public utilities, general contractors in numerous construction-related fields and various professional services firms. During 2010, we provided staffing services to approximately 1,750 staffing services customers, which compares to approximately 1,800 customers during 2009. In addition, at December 31, 2010, we served approximately 1,565

 

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PEO clients and employed approximately 32,800 employees pursuant to PEO contracts, as compared to approximately 1,340 PEO clients and approximately 26,600 employees as of December 31, 2009. We serve our clients, who have employees located in 24 states and the District of Columbia, through a network of 43 branch offices in California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Maryland, Delaware and North Carolina. We also have several smaller recruiting offices in our general market areas, which are under the direction of a branch office. See the table on page 33 of this report for the percentages of total net revenues from our staffing and PEO services for the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010.

Market Opportunity

The human resource outsourcing industry is large and continuing to expand. Some of the key factors driving growth include the desire of businesses to outsource non-core business functions, to reduce regulatory compliance risk, to rationalize the number of service providers that they use, and to reduce costs by integrating human resource systems and processes.

The outsourcing of business processes continues to represent a growing trend within the United States. By utilizing the expertise of outsourcing service providers, businesses are able to reduce processing costs and administrative burdens while at the same time offering competitive benefits for their employees. The technical capabilities, knowledge and operational expertise that we have built, along with our broad portfolio of services for clients, have enabled us to capitalize on the growing business processing outsourcing trend.

We believe that the small and medium-sized business segment of the human resource outsourcing market is particularly attractive because:

 

   

this segment is large and has a low penetration rate by providers of outsourced comprehensive human resource services;

 

   

small and medium-sized businesses typically have fewer in-house resources than larger businesses and, as a result, are generally more dependent on their service providers;

 

   

quality of service, ease-of-use and responsiveness to clients’ needs are key considerations of this business segment in selecting a service provider;

 

   

small and medium-sized businesses generally do not require customized solutions, enabling service providers to achieve significant economies of scale through an integrated technology and service platform; and

 

   

this segment is generally characterized by a relatively high client retention rate and lower client acquisition costs.

Our Strategic Approach

Our long-term goal is to become the leading provider of human resource outsourcing services for small and medium-sized businesses in the markets we serve. We seek to differentiate our strategic position by offering a full spectrum of PEO and staffing services. To

 

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a far lesser extent, we also provide permanent placement and preferred payroll services, which involves payroll processing of customers’ non-BBSI employees. We believe that the integrated nature of our service platform assists our clients and customers in successfully aligning and strengthening their organizational structure to meet the demands of their businesses. In pursuit of this goal, we have adopted the operating and growth strategies described below to provide the framework for our future growth, while maintaining the quality and integrity of our current service offerings.

Operating Strategy

   

Provide a broad scope of services. We provide our clients with a broad range of human resource management tools and professional services that meet their critical human resource needs. We believe that most human resource service providers offer discrete services, requiring client companies to engage and manage multiple vendors in order to obtain a comprehensive human resource management solution. Companies that purchase services from multiple vendors typically fail to realize the benefits and economies of scale of having a single, integrated source of human resource information. Our comprehensive solutions allow our clients to maximize the value realized from integrating information and establishing a partnership with a single vendor to address all of their human resource needs. We believe that the aggregate cost of purchasing discrete services from multiple vendors is greater than the cost of purchasing our integrated solution, such that we can offer cost savings and managerial efficiencies to our clients.

 

   

Promote a decentralized and autonomous management philosophy and structure. We hire senior-level managers to oversee, develop and expand our business at the branch-office level. We believe that highly experienced senior-level branch managers possess the skill set to handle the day-to-day demands of our business and still be proactive in solving client needs and focusing on further business development. We believe that by making significant investments in the best management talent available, within their respective areas of expertise, we can leverage the value of this investment many times over. We have also found that this philosophy facilitates our ability to attract and retain additional experienced senior-level managers to oversee our branch offices.

 

   

Motivate employees through a competitive compensation package. We offer a very competitive base salary structure at the branch-office level and provide the opportunity to earn additional profit sharing on a quarterly basis. This profit sharing is earned by each branch-level employee based upon branch office profitability after achieving certain minimum profitability standards. Our risk managers have an opportunity to earn incentive compensation based upon the workers’ compensation claims experience of their specific client base. All profit sharing and incentive compensation measures are tangible and objective, with few subjective components.

 

   

Control workers’ compensation costs through effective risk management. We are committed to the proactive mitigation of workers’ compensation risk through stringent underwriting and disciplined management processes. Our senior management defines and maintains our strict underwriting standards. Our underwriting process begins with the selection of high quality candidate companies. Next, our professional

 

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risk managers in the field corroborate the underwriting data by assessing the candidate’s operating culture, workplace safety standards and human resource administration philosophies, including compensation rates and benefit levels. If the candidate company satisfies all underwriting standards, then we accept the company and immediately implement a plan to further strengthen their workplace safety standards and practices. If the client’s safe-work culture or adherence to workplace safety procedures declines to unsatisfactory levels, we will terminate the relationship under the terms of our contract.

Growth Strategy

   

Support, strengthen and expand branch office operations. We believe that increasing the penetration of our existing markets is an effective and cost-efficient means of growth as we are able to capitalize on our reputation and growing brand awareness in the territories in which we operate. We believe that there is substantial opportunity to further penetrate these territories. We intend to increase our penetration in our existing markets by continued growth through the effective use of referrals from current clients, insurance broker networks and marketing efforts within the local business community.

 

   

Increase client utilization of our services. We believe that we will be able to continue to maintain our average level of professional service fees per client employee and improve client retention as our clients more fully utilize our current service offerings, including cross selling among staffing, PEO, ASO and permanent placement. We invest substantial time integrating our services into our client organizations to optimize their effectiveness and measure their results. Our long-term partnership philosophy provides us with the opportunity to expand our PEO and staffing services.

 

   

Enhance management information systems. We continue to invest in developing our information technology infrastructure. We believe that our platform gives us a competitive advantage by allowing us to provide a high level of flexibility to satisfy a variety of demands of our small and medium-sized business clients on a cost-effective basis. Furthermore, we believe that our current technology platform is capable of supporting our planned develop-ment of new business units and increased market share for the foreseeable future.

 

   

Penetrate new markets. We intend to open additional branch offices in new geographic markets as opportunities arise. We have developed a well-defined approach to geographic expansion which we will use as a guide for entering new markets.

 

   

Pursue strategic acquisitions. Since our initial public offering in June 1993, we have completed 27 acquisitions of complementary businesses. In order to increase our client base, expand our presence in existing markets, enter new markets and broaden our service offerings, we may continue to pursue strategic acquisitions, particularly in the staffing area.

 

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Our Services

Our services are typically provided under a variety of contractual arrangements through which we offer a continuum of proactive human resource management services. While some services are more frequently associated with our PEO arrangements, our expertise in such areas as safety services and personnel-related regulatory compliance may also be used by our staffing services customers. Our human resource management services are built upon the following five areas of expertise:

 

   

Payroll Processing. For both our PEO and staffing services employees, we assist our clients in managing employment-related administration by providing payroll processing, employment-related tax filings and administration. These services are administered at each branch office, as well as centralized at our headquarters in Vancouver, Washington.

 

   

Employee Benefits and Administration. We assist our PEO clients in retaining the best employees for their businesses by helping them obtain, at their cost, comprehensive health benefits, including medical, dental and vision benefits, life and accident insurance, short-term and long-term disability. We also provide, at no cost to our PEO clients and our staffing employees, a 401(k) retirement savings plan and a Section 125 cafeteria plan.

 

   

Human Resource Management. We focus on developing and implementing a client-specific proactive human resource management system for each PEO client company. Through these efforts, clients achieve a more productive workforce through the disciplined application of standards for hiring and firing. Specifically, we assist our clients in attracting the right people by providing best recruiting practices, job description development, skills testing, salary information, drug testing, interview guidelines and assistance, evaluating job applications and references and compliance with a broad range of employment regulations.

 

   

Risk Management. We focus on developing and implementing a client-specific proactive risk management program so as to further mitigate risk of injury associated with workplace practices. These efforts enable our clients and us to achieve a reduction in accidents and workers’ compensation claims. We provide such tactical services as safety training and safety manuals for both workers and supervisors, job-site visits and meetings, improvements in workplace procedures and equipment to further reduce the risk of injury and workplace regulations of the U.S. Department of Labor and state agencies and leading accident investigations. We have at least one risk manager available at each branch office to perform workplace safety assessments for each prospective client and to implement systems to improve work practices. All risk managers report directly to our Chief Executive Officer. Each risk manager has the authority to cancel our business relationship with any customer or client company.

 

   

Workers’ Compensation Coverage. We assist our clients in protecting their businesses from employment-related injury claims by providing workers’ compensation coverage. Through our internal claims managers and our third-party administrators, we provide claims management services for our PEO clients. We

 

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work aggressively to manage and reduce job injury claims, including identifying fraudulent claims and taking advantage of our staffing services to return injured workers to active employment earlier. As a result of our efforts to manage workers’ compensation costs, we are often able to reduce our clients’ overall expenses arising out of job-related injuries and insurance.

PEO Services.  In a PEO services arrangement, we enter into a contract to become a co-employer of the client’s existing workforce and assume responsibility for some or all of the human resource management responsibilities, including payroll and payroll taxes, employee benefits, health insurance, workers’ compensation coverage, workplace safety programs, compliance with federal and state employment laws, labor and workplace regulatory requirements, and related administrative responsibilities. We have the right to hire and fire our PEO employees, although the client remains responsible for day-to-day assignments, supervision and training and, in most cases, recruiting.

We began offering PEO services to Oregon customers in 1990 and subsequently expanded these services to other states, primarily California. In 2010, approximately 87% of our PEO service fee revenues were generated from customers in California with an additional 5% of revenues generated in Oregon.

We have entered into co-employer arrangements with a wide variety of clients, including companies involved in moving and shipping, professional services firms, construction, retail, manufacturing and distribution businesses. PEO clients are typically small to mid-sized businesses with up to several hundred employees. None of our PEO clients individually represented more than 2% of our total revenues in 2010.

Prior to entering into a co-employer arrangement, we perform an analysis of the potential client’s actual personnel and workers’ compensation costs based on information provided by the prospect. We introduce our workplace safety program and recommend improvements in procedures and equipment following a risk assessment of the prospect’s facilities. The potential client must agree to implement recommended changes as part of the co-employer arrangement. We also offer financial incentives to PEO clients to maintain a safe-work environment.

Our standard PEO services agreement typically provides for an initial term of one year with automatic renewal for one-year periods. Our agreements generally permit cancellation by either party upon 30 days’ written notice. In addition, we may terminate the agreement at any time for specified reasons, including nonpayment or failure to follow our workplace safety program.

The PEO services agreement also provides for indemnification of us by the client against losses arising out of any default by the client under the agreement, including failure to comply with any employment-related, health and safety, or immigration laws or regulations. We require our PEO clients to maintain comprehensive liability coverage in the amount of $1.0 million for acts of our work-site employees. Although no claims exceeding such policy limits have been paid by us to date, the possibility exists that claims for amounts in excess of sums available to us through indemnification or insurance may be asserted in the future, which could adversely affect our profitability.

 

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Staffing Services.  Our staffing services include on-demand or short-term staffing assignments, contract staffing, long-term or indefinite-term on-site management, direct placement and human resource administration. Short-term staffing involves demands for employees caused by such factors as seasonality, fluctuations in customer demand, vacations, illnesses, parental leave and special projects without incurring the ongoing expense and administrative responsibilities associated with recruiting, hiring and retaining additional permanent employees. As more and more companies focus on effectively managing variable costs and reducing fixed overhead, the use of employees on a short-term basis allows firms to utilize the “just-in-time” approach for their personnel needs, thereby converting a portion of their fixed personnel costs to a variable expense.

Contract staffing refers to our responsibilities to provide employees for our clients for a period of more than three months or an indefinite period. This type of arrangement often involves outsourcing an entire department in a large corporation or providing the workforce for a large project.

In an on-site management arrangement, we place an experienced manager on site at a client’s place of business. The manager is responsible for conducting all recruiting, screening, interviewing, testing, hiring and employee placement functions at the client’s facility for a long-term or indefinite period.

Direct placement services involve fee-based search efforts for specific employee candidates at the request of our PEO clients, staffing customers or other companies.

Our staffing services customers operate in a broad range of businesses, including agriculture-based companies, electronic manufacturers, transportation and logistics companies, food processors, professional firms and construction. Such customers generally range in size from small local firms to companies with international operations that use our services on a domestic basis. None of our staffing services customers individually represented more than 2% of our total revenues in 2010.

In 2010, the light-industrial sector generated approximately 86% of our staffing services revenues, while clerical office staff accounted for 11% of such revenues and technical personnel represented the balance of 3%. Our light-industrial workers perform such tasks as operation of machinery, manufacturing, loading and shipping, site preparation for special events, construction-site cleanup and janitorial services. Technical personnel include electronic parts assembly workers and designers of electronic parts.

We employ a variety of methods to recruit our work force for staffing services, including among others, referrals by existing employees, online job boards, our Web site for job postings, job fairs, newspaper advertising, and marketing brochures distributed at colleges and vocational schools. The employee application process may include an interview, skills assessment test, reference verification, drug screening, criminal background checks and pre-employment physicals. The recruiting of qualified employees requires more effort when unemployment rates are low. We use various types of pre-employment screen testing to ensure that applicants are appropriately qualified for employment.

Our staffing services employees are not under our direct control while working at a customer’s business. While we have not experienced any significant liability due to claims

 

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arising out of negligent acts or misconduct by our staffing services employees, claims could be asserted against us which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Sales and Marketing

Our sales and marketing efforts are led by our branch managers and a small team of sales professionals, coupled with strong ties with the insurance brokerage community. Our marketing efforts are principally focused on branch-level development of local business relationships. On a regional and national level, efforts are made to expand and align our services to fulfill the needs of local customers with multiple locations, which may include using our on-site personnel and the opening of additional offices to better serve a customer’s broader geographic needs. We also rely on an extensive network of insurance brokers for referrals for PEO services, particularly in California, in exchange for an ongoing fee equal to a very small percentage of payroll. Business development is the primary function of our branch managers.

Risk Assessment

All prospective clients are evaluated individually on the basis of total predicted profitability. This analysis takes into account workers’ compensation risk and claims history, unemployment claims history and creditworthiness. The workers’ compensation risk profile also includes an assessment of the prospect’s internal culture regarding workplace safety, compensation rates and benefits provided to its employees.

Management Information Systems

We perform all functions associated with payroll administration through our internal management information system. Each branch office performs payroll data entry functions and maintains an independent database of employees and customers, as well as payroll and invoicing records. All processing functions are centralized at our corporate headquarters in Vancouver, Washington.

Acquisitions

We have completed 27 acquisitions since our initial public offering in June 1993. Our acquisition targets are typically traditional light industrial staffing companies. We have acquired PEO companies less frequently due to underwriting issues associated with the target company’s existing customers; we prefer to apply our own underwriting criteria prior to establishing a business relationship with a PEO customer. Due to the current concentration of our operations in California and Oregon, our acquisition plans will likely focus on expanding our geographic footprint into contiguous regions. There can be no assurance, however, that any additional transactions will be consummated in the future.

Competition

The staffing services and PEO businesses are characterized by intense competition. The staffing services market includes competitors of all sizes, including national competitors such as Manpower, Inc. and Kelly Services, Inc., that have substantially greater financial, marketing and other resources than we do. In addition to national companies, we compete with numerous regional and local firms for both customers and employees. There are

 

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relatively few barriers to entry into the staffing services business. The principal competitive factors in the staffing services industry are price, the ability to provide qualified workers in a timely manner and the monitoring of job performance.

We may face additional PEO competition in the future from new entrants to the field, including other staffing services companies, payroll processing companies and insurance companies. Certain PEO companies that periodically compete with us in the same markets have greater financial and marketing resources than we do, such as Administaff, Inc. and Paychex, Inc., among others. Competition in the PEO industry is based largely on price, although service and quality can also provide competitive advantages. A significant limiting factor to the growth of the PEO industry is the perception of potential clients that they have the capacity to handle human resource issues internally. We believe that our past growth in PEO service fee revenues is attributable to our ability to provide small and medium-sized companies with the opportunity to reduce workers’ compensation costs and to provide enhanced benefits to their employees while reducing their overall personnel administration costs. Our competitive advantage may be adversely affected by a substantial increase in the costs of maintaining our self-insured workers’ compensation program, or changes in the regulatory environment, particularly in California. A general market decrease in the level of workers’ compensation insurance premiums likely would decrease demand for PEO services among some prospective client companies.

Self-Insured Workers’ Compensation Program

A principal service we provide to our customers, particularly our PEO clients, is workers’ compensation coverage. As the employer of record, we are responsible for complying with applicable statutory requirements for workers’ compensation coverage. Our workplace safety services are closely tied to our approach to the management of workers’ compensation risk.

Elements of Workers’ Compensation System.  State law (and for certain types of employees, federal law) generally mandates that an employer reimburse its employees for the costs of medical care and other specified benefits for injuries or illnesses, including catastrophic injuries and fatalities, incurred in the course and scope of employment. The benefits payable for various categories of claims are determined by state regulation and vary with the severity and nature of the injury or illness and other specified factors. In return for this guaranteed protection, workers’ compensation is an exclusive remedy and employees are generally precluded from seeking other damages from their employer for workplace injuries. Most states require employers to maintain workers’ compensation insurance or otherwise demonstrate financial responsibility to meet workers’ compensation obligations to employees. In many states, employers who meet certain financial and other requirements are permitted to self-insure.

Self Insurance for Workers’ Compensation.  In August 1987, we became a self-insured employer for workers’ compensation coverage in Oregon. We subsequently obtained self-insured employer status for workers’ compensation in four additional states, California, Delaware, Maryland and Colorado, as well as in Washington for our non-PEO services. Regulations governing self-insured employers in each jurisdiction typically require the employer to maintain surety deposits of government securities, letters of credit or other financial instruments to cover workers’ claims in the event the employer is unable to pay for such claims.

 

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To manage our financial exposure from the incidence of catastrophic injuries and fatalities, we maintain excess workers’ compensation insurance coverage. We maintain a wholly owned, fully licensed captive insurance company, Associated Insurance Company for Excess (“AICE”), to provide us with excess workers’ compensation coverage from $1.0 million up to $5.0 million per occurrence. Additional excess workers’ compensation insurance coverage is provided through annual policies issued by a major insurance company from $5.0 million to $15.0 million per occurrence, except for our Maryland and Colorado operations. Our excess insurance policy in Maryland has a $1.0 million retention with a $25.0 million limit and our excess insurance policy in Colorado has a $500,000 retention and statutory limits on a per occurrence basis. This approach results in an effective per occurrence retention, on a consolidated basis, of $5.0 million. This higher per occurrence retention may result in higher workers’ compensation costs to us with a corresponding negative effect on our operating results. AICE provides us with access to an alternative mechanism for excess insurance coverage, as well as certain income tax benefits arising from the ability to accelerate the deduction, for tax purposes, of certain accruals for workers’ compensation claims.

Effective January 5, 2010, we formed Ecole Insurance Company, a wholly owned fully licensed insurance company in Arizona (“Ecole”). Ecole provides workers’ compensation coverage to our employees working in Arizona for claims occurring on or after March 1, 2010. Additional excess workers’ compensation insurance coverage for Ecole is provided by a major insurance company from $5.0 million to statutory limits per occurrence.

Claims Management.  As a self-insured employer, our workers’ compensation expense is tied directly to the incidence and severity of workplace injuries to our employees. We seek to contain our workers’ compensation costs through an aggressive approach to claims management. We use managed-care systems to reduce medical costs and keep time-loss costs to a minimum by assigning injured workers, whenever possible, to short-term assignments which accommodate the workers’ physical limitations. We believe that these assignments minimize both time actually lost from work and covered time-loss costs. We employ internal, professionally licensed claims adjusters and engage third-party claims administrators (“TPAs”) to provide the principal claims management expertise. Typical management procedures include performing thorough and prompt on-site investigations of claims filed by employees, working with physicians to encourage efficient medical management of cases, denying questionable claims and attempting to negotiate early settlements to eliminate future development of claims costs. We also maintain a corporate-wide pre-employment drug screening program and a mandatory post-injury drug test. The program is believed to have resulted in a reduction in the frequency of fraudulent claims and in accidents in which the use of illegal drugs appears to have been a contributing factor.

Elements of Self-Insurance Costs.  The costs associated with our self-insured workers’ compensation program include case reserves for reported claims, an additional expense provision for potential future increases in the cost of open injury claims (known as “adverse loss development”) and claims incurred in prior periods but not reported (referred to as “IBNR”), fees payable to our TPAs, additional claims administration expenses, administrative fees payable to state workers’ compensation regulatory agencies, legal fees, broker commissions for business referrals, premiums for excess workers’ compensation insurance, and costs associated with forming and operating our wholly owned, fully licensed captive insurance company for excess coverage. The state assessments are typically based

 

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on payroll amounts and, to a limited extent, the amount of permanent disability awards during the previous year. Excess insurance premiums are also based in part on the size and risk profile of our payroll and loss experience.

Workers’ Compensation Claims Experience and Reserves

We recognize our liability for the ultimate payment of incurred claims and claims adjustment expenses by accruing liabilities which represent estimates of future amounts necessary to pay claims and related expenses with respect to covered events that have occurred. When a claim involving a probable loss is reported, our internal claims management personnel or our TPA establishes a case reserve for the estimated amount of ultimate loss. The estimate reflects an informed judgment based on established case reserving practices and the experience and knowledge of our claims management staff and the TPA regarding the nature and expected value of the claim, as well as the estimated expense of settling the claim, including legal and other fees and expenses of administering claims. The adequacy of such case reserves in part depends on the professional judgment of both our claims management staff and our TPA to properly and comprehensively evaluate the economic consequences of each claim. Our reserves include an additional component for both estimated future adverse loss development in excess of initial case reserves on open claims and for incurred but not reported claims (together IBNR) based upon an actuarial estimate provided by the Company’s independent actuary. Our reserves do not include an estimated provision for the incidence of unknown or unreported catastrophic claims.

As part of the case reserving process, historical data is reviewed and consideration is given to the anticipated effect of various factors, including known and anticipated legal developments, inflation and economic conditions. Reserve amounts are based on management’s estimates, and as other data becomes available, these estimates are revised, which may result in increases or decreases in existing case reserves. Management’s internal accrual process for workers’ compensation expense is based upon the immediate recognition of an expense and the related liability at the time a claim occurs; the value ascribed to the expense and liability is based upon our internal claims management and the TPAs’ estimate of ultimate claim cost coupled with a provision for estimated future development based upon an actuarial review performed quarterly by our independent actuary. We believe our total accrued workers’ compensation claims liabilities at December 31, 2010, are adequate. It is possible, however, that our actual future workers’ compensation obligations may exceed the amount of our accrued liabilities, with a corresponding negative effect on future earnings, due to such factors as unanticipated adverse loss development of known claims and, to a much lesser extent, of claims incurred but not reported.

Failure to successfully manage the severity and frequency of workplace injuries would result in increased workers’ compensation expense and would have a negative effect, which may be substantial, on our operating results and financial condition. Management maintains clear guidelines for our branch office managers, account managers, and risk managers directly tying their continued employment to their diligence in understanding and addressing the risks of accident or injury associated with the industries in which client companies operate and in monitoring the compliance by clients with workplace safety requirements. We have a policy of “zero tolerance” for avoidable workplace injuries. Each of our risk managers has the authority to cancel any staffing customer or PEO client at any time based upon their assessment of their safe-work practices or philosophies.

 

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Employees and Employee Benefits

At December 31, 2010, we had approximately 40,935 employees, including approximately 7,800 staffing services employees, approximately 32,800 PEO employees, approximately 335 managerial, sales and administrative employees and four executive officers. The number of employees at any given time may vary significantly due to business conditions at customer or client companies. During 2010, approximately 2% of our employees were covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Substantially all of our managerial, sales and administrative employees have entered into a standard form of employment agreement which, among other provisions, contains covenants not to engage in certain activities in competition with us for 18 months following termination of employment and to maintain the confidentiality of certain proprietary information. We believe our employee relations are good.

Benefits offered to our staffing services employees include a limited-benefit medical insurance plan, a Section 125 cafeteria plan which permits employees to use pretax earnings to fund various services, including health insurance premiums and childcare expenses, and a retirement savings plan (the “401(k) plan”) under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code pursuant to which employees may begin making contributions upon reaching 21 years of age and completing 1,000 hours of service in any consecutive 12-month period. We may also make contributions to the 401(k) plan, which vest over six years and are subject to certain legal limits, at the sole discretion of our Board of Directors. We make matching contributions to the 401(k) plan under a safe harbor provision, whereby we match 100% of contributions by management and staffing employees to the 401(k) plan up to 3% of each participating employee’s annual compensation and 50% of the employee’s contributions up to an additional 2% of annual compensation. Employees subject to a co-employer arrangement may participate in our benefit plans at the election of the co-employer.

Regulatory and Legislative Issues

Business Operations.  We are subject to the laws and regulations of the jurisdictions within which we operate, including those governing self-insured employers under the workers’ compensation systems in Oregon, California, Maryland, Delaware and Colorado, as well as in Washington for non-PEO services. We are also subject to laws and regulations governing, our two wholly owned, fully licensed insurance companies in Arizona. While the specific laws and regulations vary among these jurisdictions, they typically require some form of licensing and often have statutory requirements for workplace safety and notice of change in obligation of workers’ compensation coverage in the event of contract termination. Although compliance with these requirements imposes some additional financial risk on us, particularly with respect to those clients who breach their payment obligation to us, such compliance has not had a material adverse effect on our business to date.

Employee Benefit Plans.  Our operations are affected by numerous federal and state laws relating to labor, tax and employment matters. By entering into a co-employer relationship with employees who are assigned to work at client locations (sometimes referred to as “work-site employees”), we assume certain obligations and responsibilities of an employer under these federal and state laws. Because many of these federal and state laws were enacted prior to the develop-ment of nontraditional employment relationships, such as professional employer, temporary employment, and outsourcing arrangements, many of these laws do not specifically address the obligations and responsibilities of nontraditional employers. In addition, the definition of “employer” under these laws is not uniform.

 

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As an employer, we are subject to all federal statutes and regulations governing our employer-employee relationships. Subject to the discussion of risk factors below, we believe that our operations are in compliance in all material respects with applicable federal statutes and regulations.

We offer various qualified employee benefit plans to our employees, including employees of our PEO clients who so elect. These qualified employee benefit plans include our 401(k) plan, a cafeteria plan under Section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code, and group health, life insurance and disability insurance plans. Generally, qualified employee benefit plans are subject to provisions of both the Internal Revenue Code and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”). In order to qualify for favorable tax treatment under the Internal Revenue Code, qualified plans must be established and maintained by an employer for the exclusive benefit of its employees.

Additional Information

Our filings with the SEC, including our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, periodic reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports, are accessible free of charge at our website at http://www.barrettbusiness.com as soon as reasonably practicable after filing with the SEC. By making this reference to our website, we do not intend to incorporate into this report any information contained in the website. The website should not be considered part of this report.

The SEC maintains a website at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers with publicly traded securities, including the Company.

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS

In addition to other information contained in this report, the following risk factors should be considered carefully in evaluating our business.

Our workers’ compensation loss reserves may be inadequate to cover our ultimate liability for workers’ compensation costs.

We maintain reserves (recorded as accrued liabilities on our balance sheet) to cover our estimated liabilities for our self-insured workers’ compensation claims. The determination of these reserves is based upon a number of factors, including current and historical claims activity, claims payment patterns and medical cost trends and developments in existing claims. Accordingly, reserves do not represent an exact calculation of liability. Reserves can be affected by both internal and external events, such as adverse developments on existing claims or changes in medical costs, medical condition of the claimant, claims handling procedures, administrative costs and legal fees, inflation, and legal trends and legislative changes. Reserves are adjusted from time to time to reflect new claims, claim developments, or systemic changes, and such adjustments are reflected in the results of the periods in which the reserves are changed. The Company’s estimated accrual for workers’ compensation claims liabilities is based upon an actuarial estimate provided by the Company’s independent actuary. The estimated accrual does not include an estimated provision for the incidence of

 

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unknown catastrophic claims. Moreover, because of the uncertainties that surround estimating workers’ compensation loss reserves, we cannot be certain that our reserves are adequate. If our reserves are insufficient to cover our actual losses, we would have to increase our reserves and incur charges to our earnings that could be material to our results of operations and financial condition.

Our self-insured retention for workers’ compensation claims is $5.0 million per occurrence in the majority of our self-insured states.

In view of the Company’s favorable historical experience with large catastrophic claims and an opportunity to realize savings from lower excess workers’ compensation insurance premiums, we maintain our self-insured retention at $5.0 million per occurrence, except in Maryland and Colorado where our retention is at $1.0 million and $500,000 per occurrence, respectively. Additionally, Ecole’s retention is at $5.0 million per occurrence for coverage in Arizona. Thus, the Company has financial risk for most workers’ compensation claims under $5.0 million, on a per occurrence basis. This level of per occurrence retention may result in higher workers’ compensation costs to us with a corresponding negative effect on our operating results and financial condition.

Adverse developments in the market for excess workers’ compensation insurance could lead to increases in our costs.

We are a state-approved self-insured employer for workers’ compensation coverage in California, Oregon, Delaware, Maryland and Colorado, as well as in Washington for our non-PEO services and management employees. To manage our financial exposure in the event of catastrophic injuries or fatalities, we maintain excess workers’ compensation insurance with a per occurrence retention of $5.0 million effective January 1, 2007, except in Maryland and Colorado where our retention is at $1.0 million and $500,000 per occurrence, respectively. Additionally, Ecole’s retention is at $5.0 million per occurrence for coverage in Arizona. Changes in the market for excess workers’ compensation insurance may lead to limited availability of such coverage, additional increases in our insurance costs or further increases in our self-insured retention, any of which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

We maintain excess workers’ compensation insurance coverage with American International Group, Inc. (“AIG”) between $5.0 million and $15.0 million per occurrence, except in Maryland, where coverage with AIG is between $1.0 million and $25.0 million per occurrence, and in Colorado, where coverage with AIG is between $500,000 and statutory limits per occurrence. Ecole’s coverage with AIG is between $5.0 million and statutory limits per occurrence. AIG’s financial losses resulting from credit default swaps combined with the turbulence in worldwide equity and credit markets have adversely impacted AIG. Although AIG’s commercial insurance subsidiary continues to be a fully accepted insurance carrier for all major brokers, should AIG become insolvent or cease to underwrite excess coverage, we could be forced to seek alternative coverage at higher costs, which could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

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Economic conditions, particularly in California, may impact our ability to attract new PEO clients and cause our existing PEO clients to reduce staffing levels or cease operations.

Weak economic conditions typically have a negative impact on small and medium size businesses, which make up the majority of our PEO clients. In turn, these businesses could cut costs, including trimming employees from their payrolls, or ceasing operations altogether. In addition, businesses may be reluctant to enter into new PEO arrangements because of the uncertainty regarding the timing of any economic recovery. These forces may result in decreased PEO revenues due both to the downsizing of our current clients and difficulties in attracting new clients, and may also result in additional bad debt expense to the extent that existing clients cease operations.

Our staffing business is vulnerable to economic fluctuations. Companies tend to use fewer temporary employees as economic activity slows, while recruiting employees to fill our customers’ needs becomes increasingly difficult during robust economic periods.

Demand for our staffing services is sensitive to changes in the level of economic activity in the regions in which we do business. As economic activity slows down, companies often reduce their use of temporary employees before undertaking layoffs of permanent staff, resulting in decreased demand for staffing services. A continued significant economic downturn, particularly in the Western United States, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. During strong economic periods, on the other hand, we often experience shortages of qualified employees to meet customer needs.

Changes in the market for workers’ compensation insurance in the state of California could adversely affect our business.

Our concentration of PEO business in California subjects our business to market risks involving the California workers’ compensation environment as the Company is a state-approved self-insured employer with respect to workers’ compensation coverage in that state. During recent years, California has enacted several legislative reforms in an attempt to address the crisis in its workers’ compensation system, and it may attempt additional legislative or regulatory reforms in the future. Any successful legislative reforms or non-governmental changes in market conditions in California could lessen a key advantage we have in that state, leading to a reduction in our new business opportunities and a potential slowing in the growth of our PEO business in California. Any such slowing would adversely affect our results of operations.

Because we assume the obligation to make wage, tax and regulatory payments in respect of some employees, we are exposed to client credit risks.

We generally assume responsibility for and manage the risks associated with our clients’ employee payroll obligations, including liability for payment of salaries and wages (including payroll taxes), as well as group health and retirement benefits. These obligations are fixed, whether or not the client makes payments to us as required by our services agreement, which exposes us to credit risks. We attempt to mitigate this risk by invoicing our

 

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staffing customers weekly and our PEO clients at the end of their specific payroll processing cycle. We also carefully monitor the timeliness of our clients’ payments and impose strict credit standards on our customers. If we fail to successfully manage our credit risk, our results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

Increases in unemployment claims could raise our state and federal unemployment tax rates which we may not be able to pass on to our customers.

During weak economic conditions in our markets, the level of unemployment claims tend to rise as a result of employee layoffs at our PEO clients and lack of work in our temporary staffing pool. The rise in unemployment claims often results in higher state and federal unemployment tax rates which in most instances cannot be concurrently passed on to our customers either due to existing PEO contracts or competitive pricing pressures. Increases in our state and federal unemployment tax rates could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, particularly in the early part of the calendar year when effective payroll tax rates are at or near their maximum.

If we are determined not to be an “employer” under certain laws and regulations, our clients may stop using our services, and we may be subject to additional liabilities.

We believe that we are an employer of employees provided to our PEO clients on a co-employment basis under the various laws and regulations of the Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of Labor. If we are determined not to be an employer under such laws and regulations and are therefore unable to assume obligations of our clients for employment and other taxes, our clients may be held jointly and severally liable for payment of such taxes. Some clients or prospective clients may view such potential liability as an unacceptable risk, discouraging current clients from continuing a relationship with us or prospective clients from entering into a new relationship with us. Any determination that we are not an employer for purposes of ERISA could adversely affect our cafeteria benefits plan operated under Section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code and result in liabilities to us under the plan.

We may be exposed to employment-related claims and costs and periodic litigation that could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We either co-employ employees in connection with our PEO arrangements or place our employees in our customers’ workplace in connection with our staffing business. As such, we are subject to a number of risks inherent to our status as an employer, including without limitation:

 

   

claims of misconduct or negligence on the part of our employees, discrimination or harassment claims against our employees, or claims by our employees of discrimination or harassment by our clients;

 

   

immigration-related claims;

 

   

claims relating to violations of wage, hour and other workplace regulations;

 

   

claims relating to employee benefits, entitlements to employee benefits, or errors in the calculation or administration of such benefits; and

 

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possible claims relating to misuse of customer confidential information, misappropriation of assets or other similar claims.

If we experience significant incidents involving any of the above-described risk areas we could face substantial out-of-pocket losses, fines or negative publicity. In addition, such claims may give rise to litigation, which may be time consuming, distracting and costly, and could have a material adverse effect on our business. With respect to claims involving our co-employer relationship with our PEO clients, although our PEO services agreement provides that the client will indemnify us for any liability attributable to the conduct of the client or its employees, we may not be able to enforce such contractual indemnification, or the client may not have sufficient assets to satisfy its obligations to us.

We operate in a complex regulatory environment, and failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could adversely affect our business.

Corporate human resource operations are subject to a broad range of complex and evolving laws and regulations, including those applicable to payroll practices, benefits administration, employment practices and privacy. Because our clients have employees in many states throughout the United States, we must perform our services in compliance with the legal and regulatory requirements of multiple jurisdictions. Some of these laws and regulations may be difficult to ascertain or interpret and may change from time to time. Violation of such laws and regulations could subject us to fines and penalties, damage our reputation, constitute a breach of our client agreements, impair our ability to obtain and renew required licenses, and decrease our profitability or competitiveness. If any of these effects were to occur, our operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Changes in government regulations may result in restrictions or prohibitions applicable to the provision of employment services or the imposition of additional licensing, regulatory or tax requirements.

Our PEO and staffing businesses are heavily regulated in most jurisdictions in which we operate. We cannot assure you that the states in which we conduct or seek to conduct business will not:

 

   

impose additional regulations that prohibit or restrict employment-related businesses like ours;

 

   

require additional licensing or add restrictions on existing licenses to provide employment-related services; or

 

   

increase taxes or make changes in the way in which taxes are calculated for providers of employment-related services.

Any changes in applicable laws and regulations may make it more difficult or expensive for us to do business, inhibit expansion of our business, or result in additional expenses that limit our profitability or decrease our ability to attract and retain clients.

 

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The tax status of our captive insurance subsidiaries could be challenged resulting in an acceleration of income tax payments.

In conjunction with our workers’ compensation program, we operate two wholly owned captive insurance subsidiaries, AICE and Ecole. We recognize the two captives as insurance companies for federal income tax purposes, with respect to our consolidated federal income tax return. In the event the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) were to determine that the captives do not qualify as insurance companies, we could be required to make accelerated income tax payments to the IRS that we otherwise would have deferred until future periods.

We may find it difficult to expand our business into additional states due to varying state regulatory requirements.

Future growth in our operations depends, in part, on our ability to offer our services to prospective clients in new states, which may subject us to different regulatory requirements and standards. In order to operate effectively in a new state, we must obtain all necessary regulatory approvals, adapt our procedures to that state’s regulatory requirements and modify our service offerings to adapt to local market conditions. In the event that we expand into additional states, we may not be able to duplicate in other markets the financial performance experienced in our current markets.

Acquisitions subject us to various risks, including risks relating to selection and pricing of acquisition targets, integration of acquired companies into our business and assumption of unanticipated liabilities.

We have completed 27 acquisitions since 1993 and may pursue additional acquisitions and investment opportunities. We cannot assure, however, that we will be able to identify or consummate any additional acquisitions. If we do pursue acquisitions, we may not realize the anticipated benefits of such acquisitions. Acquisitions involve many risks, including risks relating to the assumption of unforeseen liabilities of an acquired business, adverse accounting charges resulting from the acquisition, and difficulties in integrating acquired companies into our business, both from a cultural perspective, as well as with respect to personnel and client retention and technological integration. Acquired liabilities may be significant and may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. Our inability to successfully integrate acquired businesses may lead to increased costs, failure to generate expected returns, accounting charges, or even a total loss of amounts invested, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

Our business is subject to risks associated with geographic market concentration.

Our California and Oregon operations accounted for approximately 55% and 14%, respectively, of our total net revenues in 2010. As a result of the current importance of our California and Oregon operations and anticipated continued growth from these operations, our profitability over the next several years is expected to be largely dependent on economic and regulatory conditions in these markets, particularly in California. If these states experience a further economic downturn, or if the regulatory environment changes in a way

 

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that adversely affects our ability to do business in these states or limits our competitive advantages in these markets, our profitability and growth prospects may be materially and adversely affected.

We face competition from a number of other companies.

We face competition from various companies that may provide all or some of the services we offer. Our competitors include companies that are engaged in staffing services such as Kelly Services, Inc. and Manpower Inc., companies that are focused on co-employment or PEO services, such as Administaff, Inc. and companies that primarily provide payroll processing services or ASO services, such as Automatic Data Processing, Inc. and Paychex, Inc. We also face competition from information technology outsourcing firms and broad-based outsourcing and consulting firms that perform individual projects.

Several of our existing or potential competitors have substantially greater financial, technical and marketing resources than we do, which may enable them to:

 

   

develop and expand their infrastructure and service offerings more quickly and achieve greater cost efficiencies;

 

   

invest in new technologies;

 

   

expand operations into new markets more rapidly;

 

   

devote greater resources to marketing;

 

   

compete for acquisitions more effectively and complete acquisitions more easily; and

 

   

aggressively price products and services and increase benefits in ways that we may not be able to match financially.

In order to compete effectively in our markets, we must target our potential clients carefully, continue to improve our efficiencies and the scope and quality of our services, and rely on our service quality, innovation, education and program clarity. If our competitive advantages are not compelling or sustainable, then we are unlikely to increase or sustain profits and our stock price could decline.

We are dependent upon certain key personnel and recruitment and retention of key employees may be difficult and expensive.

We believe that the successful operation of our business is dependent upon our retention of the services of key personnel, including our Chief Executive Officer, other executive officers and branch managers. We may not be able to retain all of our executives, senior managers and key personnel in light of competition for their services. If we lose the services of one of our executive officers or a significant number of our senior managers, our operations and profitability likely would be adversely affected.

We do not have an expansive in-house sales staff and therefore rely extensively on brokers to make referrals.

We maintain only a minimal internal professional sales force. Instead, we rely heavily on insurance brokers to provide referrals to new business, especially in California, although

 

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each branch office manager is expected to be an effective leader in business development, including marketing efforts and sales closures. In connection with these arrangements, we pay a fee to brokers for new clients. As a result of our reliance on brokers, we are dependent on firms and individuals that do not have an exclusive relationship with us. If we are unable to maintain our relationships with brokers, if brokers increase their fees or if brokers lose confidence in our services, we could face declines in our business and additional costs and uncertainties as we attempt to hire and train an internal sales force.

We depend on attracting and retaining qualified employees; during periods of economic growth, our costs to do so increase and it becomes more difficult to attract and retain people.

The success of our staffing services depends on our ability to attract and retain qualified employees for placement with our customers. Our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel could be impaired by rapid improvement in economic conditions resulting in lower unemployment and increases in compensation. During periods of economic growth, we face growing competition for retaining and recruiting qualified personnel, which in turn leads to greater advertising and recruiting costs and increased salary expenses. If we cannot attract and retain qualified employees, the quality of our services may deteriorate and our reputation and results of operations could be adversely affected.

Our service agreements may be terminated on short notice, leaving us vulnerable to loss of a significant amount of customers in a short period of time, if business or regulatory conditions change or events occur that negatively affect our reputation.

Our PEO services agreements are generally terminable on 30 days’ notice by either us or the client. As a result, our clients may terminate their agreement with us at any time, making us particularly vulnerable to changing business or regulatory conditions or changes affecting our reputation or the reputation of our industry.

Our industry has at times received negative publicity and had some stigma associated with it that, if it were to become more prevalent, could cause our business to decline.

Both PEOs and staffing services companies periodically have been tarnished by negative publicity or scandals from poor business judgment or even outright fraud. If we or our industry face negative publicity, customers’ confidence in the use of temporary personnel or co-employed workers may deteriorate, and they may be unwilling to enter into or continue our staffing or co-employment relationships. If a negative perception were to prevail, it would be more difficult for us to attract and retain customers.

Changes in state unemployment tax laws and regulations could adversely affect our business.

In past years, there has been significant negative publicity relating to the use of staffing or PEO companies to shield employers from poor unemployment history and high unemployment taxes. New legislation enacted at the state or federal level to try to counter this perceived problem could have a material adverse effect on our business by limiting our ability to market our services or making our services less attractive to our customers and potential customers.

 

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We are dependent upon technology services and if we experience damage, service interruptions or failures in our computer and telecommunications systems, or if our security measures are breached, our client relationships and our ability to attract new clients may be adversely affected.

Our business could be interrupted by damage to or disruption of our computer and telecommunications equipment and software systems, and we may lose data. Our clients’ businesses may be adversely affected by any system or equipment failure we experience. As a result of any of the foregoing, our relationships with our clients may be impaired, we may lose clients, our ability to attract new clients may be adversely affected and we could be exposed to contractual liability. Precautions in place to protect ourselves from, or minimize the effect of, such events, may not be adequate.

In addition, our business involves the storage and transmission of clients’ proprietary information and confidential personal data of employees and security breaches could expose us to a risk of loss of this information, litigation and possible liability. If our security measures are breached as a result of third-party action, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise, and, as a result, someone obtains unauthorized access to client or employee data, our reputation will be damaged, our business may suffer and we could incur significant liability. Techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and are growing increasingly sophisticated. As a result, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. If an actual or perceived breach of our security occurs, we could be liable and the market perception of our services could be harmed.

 

Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

 

Item 2. PROPERTIES

We provide PEO and staffing services through all 43 of our branch offices. The following table shows the number of branch offices located in each state in which we operate. We also lease office space in other locations in our market areas which we use to recruit and place employees.

 

Offices

   Number of
Branch Offices
 

California

     16   

Oregon

     8   

Utah

     4   

Washington

     4   

Arizona

     2   

Colorado

     2   

Idaho

     3   

Maryland

     2   

Delaware

     1   

North Carolina

     1   

 

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We lease office space for our branch offices. At December 31, 2010, our leases had expiration dates ranging from less than one year to nine years, with total minimum payments through 2019 of approximately $5.5 million. Our corporate headquarters office in Vancouver, Washington occupies approximately 32 percent of the 63,500 square foot building we purchased during 2005.

 

Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

See Note 14, Litigation, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 15 of this report.

 

Item 4. RESERVED

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

The following table identifies, as of March 31, 2011, each executive officer of the Company. Executive officers are elected annually and serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

 

Name

 

Age

   

Principal Positions and Business Experience

 

Officer

Since

 

Michael L. Elich

    46      President and Chief Executive Officer     2005   

James D. Miller

    47      Vice President-Finance, Treasurer and Secretary; Chief Financial Officer; Principal Accounting Officer     1994   

Gregory R. Vaughn

    55      Vice President and Assistant Secretary     1998   

 

Michael L. Elich joined the Company in October 2001 as Director of Business Development. He was appointed Vice President and Chief Operating Officer in May 2005. He was appointed interim President and Chief Executive Officer in January 2011 upon the death of William W. Sherertz. Effective February 17, 2011, Mr. Elich was elected to serve on the Board of Directors and was made President and Chief Executive Officer. From 1995 to 2001, Mr. Elich served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of Skills Resource Training Center, a staffing services company with offices in Oregon, Washington and Idaho that we acquired effective January 1, 2004.

James D. Miller joined the Company in January 1994 as Controller. He was promoted to Vice President-Finance, Treasurer and Secretary, and Chief Financial Officer effective June 1, 2008. From 1991 to 1994, he was the Corporate Accounting Manager for Christensen Motor Yacht Corporation. Mr. Miller, a certified public accountant on inactive status, was employed by Price Waterhouse LLP, now known as PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, from 1987 to 1991.

Gregory R. Vaughn joined the Company in July 1997 as Operations Manager. Mr. Vaughn was appointed Vice President in January 1998. Prior to joining Barrett, Mr. Vaughn was Chief Executive Officer of Insource America, Inc., a privately-held human resource management company headquartered in Portland, Oregon, for approximately one year. Mr. Vaughn has also held senior management positions with Sundial Time Systems, Inc. and Continental Information Systems, Inc. Previously, Mr. Vaughn was employed as a technology consultant by Price Waterhouse LLP, now known as PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

Our common stock (the “Common Stock”) trades on the Global Select Market segment of The Nasdaq Stock Market under the symbol “BBSI.” At February 28, 2011, there were 35 stockholders of record and approximately 2,460 beneficial owners of the Common Stock.

The following table presents the high and low sales prices of the Common Stock and cash dividends paid for each quarterly period during the last two fiscal years, as reported by The Nasdaq Stock Market. Any future determination as to the payment of dividends will be made at the discretion of the Board and will depend upon the Company’s operating results, financial condition, capital requirements, general business conditions and such other factors as the Board deems relevant.

 

     High      Low      Cash Dividends
Declared
 

2009

        

First Quarter

   $ 12.00       $ 7.92       $ 0.08   

Second Quarter

     11.69         9.31         0.08   

Third Quarter

     11.30         9.47         0.08   

Fourth Quarter

     12.60         10.07         0.08   

2010

        

First Quarter

   $ 14.50       $ 11.15       $ 0.08   

Second Quarter

     16.00         12.18         0.08   

Third Quarter

     15.60         12.25         0.08   

Fourth Quarter

     17.14         14.36         0.09   

In November 2006, the Board adopted a stock repurchase program and authorized the repurchase of up to 500,000 shares of the Company’s stock from time to time in open market purchases. In November 2007, the Board approved an increase in the authorized shares to be repurchased up to 1.0 million shares. In October 2008, the Board approved a second increase in the authorized shares to be repurchased up to 3.0 million shares. The following table summarizes information related to stock repurchases during the quarter ended December 31, 2010.

 

Month

   Shares
Repurchased
     Average Price
Per Share
     Total Number of
Shares Repurchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plan
     Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Repurchased
Under the Plan
 

October

                     -       $         -                         -         1,547,600   

November

     -         -         -         1,547,600   

December

     -         -         -         1,547,600   
                       

Total

     -            -      
                       

 

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The following graph shows the cumulative total return at the dates indicated for the period from December 31, 2005, until December 31, 2010, for our Common Stock, The Nasdaq Composite Index, and a group of the Company’s current peers in the staffing industry (the “2010 Peer Group”). The 2010 Peer Group is comprised of five companies included in the peer group used to prepare the performance graph included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.

The stock performance graph has been prepared assuming that $100 was invested on December 31, 2005, in our Common Stock, The Nasdaq Composite Index, and the 2010 Peer Group, and that dividends are reinvested. In accordance with the SEC’s disclosure rules, the stockholder return for each company in the 2010 Peer Group indices has been weighted on the basis of market capitalization as of the beginning of each annual period shown. The stock price performance reflected in the graph may not be indicative of future price performance.

 

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LOGO

 

     12/05      12/06      12/07      12/08      12/09      12/10  

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

     100.00         93.99         73.25         45.42         52.86         68.55   

NASDAQ Composite

     100.00         111.74         124.67         73.77         107.12         125.93   

Peer Group

     100.00         119.61         89.44         62.18         86.10         103.19   

Members of Peer Group:

                 

Administaff Inc

                 

CDI Corp.

                 

Kelly Services Inc

                 

Manpower Inc

                 

Robert Half International Inc

                 

 

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Item 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements and the accompanying notes listed in Item 15 of this report. The Company’s financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008, 2007 and 2006 have been restated from amounts previously presented. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 15 of this report.

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2010      2009     2008     2007     2006  
(In thousands, except per share data)           As Restated, See Note 2 of
Notes to Financial Statements
 

Statement of operations:

           

Revenues:

           

Staffing services

     $125,738         $116,155        $154,565        $147,221        $123,500   

Professional employer service fees

     147,385         120,305        125,903        141,992        135,684   
                                         

Total

     273,123         236,460        280,468        289,213        259,184   
                                         

Cost of revenues:

           

Direct payroll costs

     95,439         87,679        114,440        113,450        92,676   

Payroll taxes and benefits

     96,660         82,077        85,531        87,822        83,756   

Workers’ compensation

     36,284         39,765        31,166        29,835        27,472   
                                         

Total

     228,383         209,521        231,137        231,107        203,904   
                                         

Gross margin

     44,740         26,939        49,331        58,106        55,280   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     35,429         33,481        36,654        34,688        31,604   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,395         1,641        1,536        1,387        1,306   
                                         

Income (loss) from operations

     7,916         (8,183     11,141        22,031        22,370   
                                         

Loss on impairment of investments

     -         -        (3,483     -        -   

Other income:

           

Investment income, net

     849         1,003        2,080        3,183        2,869   

Other, net

     1,162         637        (26     (100     (22
                                         

Total

     2,011         1,640        2,054        3,083        2,847   
                                         

Income (loss) before income taxes

     9,927         (6,543     9,712        25,114        25,217   

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     2,574         (2,598     3,750        8,953        9,046   
                                         

Net income (loss)

   $ 7,353       $ (3,945   $ 5,962      $ 16,161      $ 16,171   
                                         

Basic earnings (loss) per share

   $ .71       $ (.38   $ .55      $ 1.44      $ 1.44   
                                         

Weighted average number of basic shares outstanding

     10,333         10,452        10,861        11,247        11,194   
                                         

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

   $ .71       $ (.38   $ .53      $ 1.39      $ 1.39   
                                         

Weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding

     10,372         10,452        11,120        11,654        11,671   
                                         

Cash dividends per common share

   $ .33       $ .32      $ .32      $ .29      $ .07   

Selected balance sheet data:

           

Cash and marketable securities

   $ 61,356       $ 57,910      $ 60,609      $ 64,913      $ 73,439   

Working capital

     44,563         45,301        51,370        52,740        57,942   

Total assets

     187,884         174,616        172,764        175,466        165,529   

Long-term debt, net of current portion

     -         -        -        -        -   

Stockholders’ equity

     95,365         94,932        104,604        108,031        98,628   

 

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Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Overview

We provide human resource management services, comprised principally of staffing services and PEO services. We generate staffing services revenues primarily from short-term staffing, contract staffing, on-site management and direct placement services. Our PEO service fees are generated from contractual agreements with our PEO clients under which we become a co-employer of our client’s workforce with responsibility for some or all of the client’s human resource functions. We recognize revenues from our staffing services for all amounts invoiced, including direct payroll, employer payroll-related taxes, workers’ compensation coverage and a service fee (equivalent to a mark-up percentage). PEO service fee revenues are recognized on a net basis in accordance with current accounting guidance for revenue recognition and principal/agent considerations. Consequently, our PEO service fee revenues represent the gross margin generated from our PEO services after deducting the amounts invoiced to PEO customers for direct payroll expenses such as salaries, wages, health insurance and employee out-of-pocket expenses incurred incidental to employment. These amounts are also excluded from cost of revenues. PEO service fees also include amounts invoiced to our clients for employer payroll-related taxes and workers’ compensation coverage.

Through centralized operations at our headquarters in Vancouver, Washington, we prepare invoices weekly for our staffing services customers and following the end of each payroll processing cycle for PEO clients. We invoice our customers and clients as each payroll is processed. Payment terms for staffing customers are generally 30 days, while PEO clients’ invoices are generally due on the invoice date.

Our business is concentrated in California and Oregon and we expect to continue to derive a majority of our revenues from these markets in the future. Revenues generated in our California and Oregon offices accounted for 69% of our total net revenues in 2010, 67% in 2009 and 65% in 2008. Consequently, any weakness in economic conditions or changes in the regulatory environments in these regions could have a material adverse effect on our financial results.

We offer cash safety incentives to certain PEO clients for maintaining safe-work practices in order to minimize workplace injuries. The cash incentive is based on a percentage of annual payroll and is paid annually to customers who meet predetermined workers’ compensation claims cost objectives. Safety incentive payments are made only after closure of all workers’ compensation claims incurred during the customer’s contract period. The safety incentive expense is also netted against PEO revenues on our statements of operations.

Our cost of revenues is comprised of direct payroll costs for staffing services, employer payroll-related taxes and employee benefits and workers’ compensation. Direct payroll costs represent the gross payroll earned by staffing services employees based on salary or hourly wages. Payroll taxes and employee benefits consist of the employer’s portion of Social Security and Medicare taxes, federal and state unemployment taxes, and staffing services employee reimbursements for materials, supplies and other expenses, which are

 

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paid by the customer. Workers’ compensation expense consists primarily of the costs associated with our self-insured workers’ compensation program, such as claims reserves, claims administration fees, legal fees, state administrative agency fees and excess insurance costs for catastrophic injuries. We also maintain separate workers’ compensation insurance policies for employees working in states where we are not self-insured.

The largest portion of workers’ compensation expense is the cost of workplace injury claims. When an injury occurs and is reported to us, our respective independent TPA or our internal claims management personnel analyze the details of the injury and develop a case reserve, which becomes the estimate of the cost of the claim based on similar injuries and their professional judgment. We then record or accrue an expense and a corresponding liability based upon our estimate of the ultimate claim cost. As cash payments are made by our TPA against specific case reserves, the accrued liability is reduced by the corresponding payment amount. The TPA and our in-house claims administrators also review existing injury claims on an on-going basis and adjust the case reserves as new or additional information for each claim becomes available. Our reserve includes a provision for both future anticipated increases in costs (“adverse loss development”) of the claims reserves for open claims and for claims incurred but not reported related to prior and current periods. This provision of the reserve is based upon an actuarial estimate provided by our third-party actuary. We believe our operational policies and internal claims reporting system help to limit the occurrence of unreported incurred claims.

Selling, general and administrative expenses represent both branch office and corporate-level operating expenses. Branch operating expenses consist primarily of branch office staff payroll and personnel related costs, advertising, rent, office supplies, professional and legal fees and branch incentive compensation. Corporate-level operating expenses consist primarily of executive and office staff payroll and personnel related costs, professional and legal fees, travel, occupancy costs, information systems costs and executive and corporate staff incentive compensation.

Depreciation and amortization represents depreciation of property and equipment and amortization of intangible assets consisting of the amortization of software costs, covenants not to compete, and if material, customer related intangibles. Property and equipment are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, which generally range from two to 39 years. Intangible assets are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, which range from two to ten years.

Critical Accounting Policies

We have identified the following policies as critical to our business and the understanding of our results of operations. For a detailed discussion of the application of these and other accounting policies, see Note 1 to the audited consolidated financial statements included in Item 15 of this Report. Note that the preparation of this Annual Report on Form 10-K requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making

 

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judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Self-Insured Workers’ Compensation Reserves.  We are self-insured for workers’ compensation coverage in a majority of our employee work sites in Oregon, California, Maryland, Delaware and Colorado and for staffing services and management employees only in Washington. The estimated liability for unsettled workers’ compensation claims represents our best estimate, which includes an evaluation of information provided by our internal claims adjusters and our third-party claims administrators, coupled with management’s use of a third-party actuary. These elements serve as the basis for our overall estimate for workers’ compensation claims liabilities, which include more specifically the following components: case reserve estimates for reported losses, plus additional amounts for estimated future development of reported claims and incurred but not reported claims (together IBNR). Our estimates also include amounts for unallocated loss adjustment expenses, including legal costs. These estimates are continually reviewed and adjustments to liabilities are reflected in current operating results as they become known. We believe that the amounts recorded for our estimated liabilities are reasonable and objective and are based upon facts and other trends associated with the Company’s historical universe of claims data. Nevertheless, it is possible that adjustments to such estimates may be required in future periods if the development of claim costs varies materially from our estimates and such adjustments, if necessary, could be material to results of operations.

Safety Incentives Liability.  Our accrued safety incentives represent cash incentives paid to certain PEO client companies for maintaining safe-work practices in order to minimize workplace injuries. The incentive is based on a percentage of annual payroll and is paid annually to customers who meet predetermined workers’ compensation claims cost objectives. Safety incentive payments are made only after closure of all workers’ compensation claims incurred during the customer’s contract period. The liability is estimated and accrued each month based upon the expected payout as determined by historical incentive payment trends.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.  We are required to make estimates of the collectibility of accounts receivables. Management analyzes historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer creditworthiness, current economic trends and changes in the customers’ payment tendencies when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts. If the financial condition of our customers deteriorates, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.

Goodwill.  We assess the recoverability of goodwill annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value might be impaired. Factors that are considered include significant underperformance relative to expected historical or projected future operating results, significant negative industry trends and significant change in the manner of use of the acquired assets. Management’s current assessment of the carrying value of goodwill indicates there was no impairment as of December 31, 2010. If these estimates or their related assumptions change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges for these assets whenever events or circumstances occur indicating that goodwill might be impaired.

 

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Investments in Marketable Securities.  We consider available evidence in evaluating potential impairment of our investments, including the duration and extent to which fair value is less than cost and our ability and intent to hold the investment. Investments in securities classified as trading are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains or losses reported in other income in our consolidated statements of operations. Investments in securities classified as available-for-sale are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains or losses reported net of tax in other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity. In the event a loss on our available-for-sale investments is determined to be other-than-temporary, the loss will be recognized in our statement of operations. Investments in securities classified as held-to-maturity are reported at amortized cost.

Income Taxes.  Our income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach. This requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities at the applicable tax rates. The determination of our provision for income taxes requires significant judgment, the use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. Significant judgment is required in assessing the timing and amounts of deductible and taxable items and the probability of sustaining uncertain tax positions. The impact of uncertain tax positions would be recorded in our financial statements only after determining a more-likely-than-not probability that the uncertain tax positions would withstand challenge, if any, from taxing authorities. We assess the realization of the deferred income tax assets as significant changes in circumstances may require adjustments during future periods. The amount of the deferred income tax assets actually realized could vary, if there are differences in the timing or amount of future reversals of existing deferred income tax assets or changes in the actual amounts of future taxable income as compared to operating forecasts. If our operating forecast is determined to no longer be reliable due to uncertain market conditions, our long-term forecast may require reassessment. As a result, in the future, a valuation allowance may be required to be established for all or a portion of the deferred income tax assets. Such a valuation allowance could have a significant effect on our future results of operations and financial position.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements and their potential effect on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition, refer to Note 1 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements beginning at page F-6 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Forward-Looking Information

Statements in this Item or in Items 1 and 1A of this Report which are not historical in nature, including discussion of economic conditions in the Company’s market areas and effect on revenue levels, the potential for and effect of past and future acquisitions, the effect of changes in the Company’s mix of services on gross margin, the adequacy of the Company’s workers’ compensation reserves and allowance for doubtful accounts, the effect of the Company’s formation and operation of two wholly owned fully licensed captive insurance subsidiaries and becoming self-insured for certain business risks, the financial viability of the Company’s excess insurance carrier, the effectiveness of the Company’s management information systems, payment of future dividends and the availability of financing and working

 

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capital to meet the Company’s funding requirements, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company or industry to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors with respect to the Company include difficulties associated with integrating acquired businesses and clients into the Company’s operations, the Company’s ability to retain current customers, economic trends in the Company’s service areas, material deviations from expected future workers’ compensation claims experience, the effect of changes in the workers’ compensation regulatory environment in one or more of the Company’s primary markets, collectibility of accounts receivable, the carrying values of deferred income tax assets and goodwill, which may be affected by the Company’s future operating results, the availability of capital or letters of credit necessary to meet state-mandated surety deposit requirements for maintaining the Company’s status as a qualified self-insured employer for workers’ compensation coverage, and the use of $61.4 million in cash and marketable securities, among others. The Company disclaims any obligation to update any such factors or to publicly announce the result of any revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect future events or developments.

Results of Operations

During the 2010 year-end financial close process, the Company discovered an error related to legal expenses incurred for the administration of workers’ compensation claims by the Company’s captive insurance subsidiary and determined that the Consolidated Financial Statements for all periods beginning January 1, 2007 should be restated. The Company’s historical accounting method for legal expenses incurred for claims administration had been to recognize the expenses in the period incurred. The error generally resulted in an understatement of workers’ compensation expense, recorded as a component of cost of revenues, and an overstatement of the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of operations for prior periods beginning January 1, 2007. The recorded balances for workers’ compensation claims liabilities and deferred tax assets were also understated.

The Company has also determined to make a conforming change to its accounting method for legal expenses incurred for the administration of workers’ compensation claims that arose prior to the formation of our first captive insurance subsidiary, Associated Insurance Company for Excess (“AICE”), on January 1, 2007. Management believes this change is preferable as the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ financial statement presentation will be consistent and reflect the true ultimate cost to settle our workers’ compensation claims.

As further discussed in Note 2 of our Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 15, we evaluated the effects of these errors and the conforming change in accounting method on prior period consolidated financial statements, in accordance with applicable SEC guidance, and have restated our consolidated financial statements as of and for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, which restated periods are discussed below.

 

 

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The following table sets forth the percentages of total revenues represented by selected items in the Company’s Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, included in Item 15 of this report. References to the Notes to Financial Statements appearing below are to the notes to the Company’s financial statements included in Item 15 of this report.

 

     Percentage of Total Net Revenues  
     Year Ended December 31,  
           As Restated, See Note 2 of
Notes to Financial Statements
 
         2010             2009             2008      

Revenues:

      

Staffing services

     46.0     49.1     55.1

Professional employer service fees

     54.0        50.9        44.9   
                        

Total

     100.0        100.0        100.0   
                        

Cost of revenues:

      

Direct payroll costs

     34.9        37.1        40.8   

Payroll taxes and benefits

     35.4        34.7        30.5   

Workers’ compensation

     13.3        16.8        11.1   
                        

Total

     83.6        88.6        82.4   
                        

Gross margin

     16.4        11.4        17.6   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     13.0        14.2        13.1   

Depreciation and amortization

     0.5        0.7        0.5   
                        

Income (loss) from operations

     2.9        (3.5     4.0   

Loss on impairment of investments

     -        -        (1.2

Other income

     0.7        0.7        0.7   
                        

Pretax income (loss)

     3.6        (2.8     3.5   

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     0.9        (1.1     1.4   
                        

Net income (loss)

     2.7     (1.7 )%      2.1
                        

We report PEO revenues on a net basis because we are not the primary obligor for the services provided by our PEO clients to their customers pursuant to our PEO contracts. We present for comparison purposes the gross revenues and cost of revenues information for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 set forth in the table below. Although not in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), management believes this information is more informative as to the level of our business activity and more illustrative of how we manage our operations, including the preparation of our internal operating forecasts, because it presents our PEO services on a basis comparable to our staffing services.

The presentation of revenues on a net basis and the relative contributions of staffing and PEO revenues can create volatility in our gross margin percentage. The general impact of fluctuations in our revenue mix is described below.

 

   

A relative increase in staffing revenues will typically result in a lower gross margin percentage. Staffing revenues are presented at gross with the related direct costs reported in cost of sales. While staffing relationships typically have higher margins than PEO relationships, an increase in staffing revenues and related costs presented at gross dilutes the impact of the net PEO revenue on gross margin percentage.

 

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A relative increase in PEO revenue will result in higher gross margin percentage. Improvement in gross margin percentage occurs because incremental PEO revenue dollars are reported as revenue net of all related direct costs.

 

(in thousands)    Year Ended
December 31,
 
     2010      2009  

Revenues:

     

Staffing services

   $ 125,738       $ 116,155   

Professional employer services

     1,111,052         903,731   
                 

Total revenues

     1,236,790         1,019,886   
                 

Cost of revenues:

     

Direct payroll costs

     1,053,748         866,167   

Payroll taxes and benefits

     96,661         82,077   

Workers’ compensation

     41,641         44,703   
                 

Total cost of revenues

     1,192,050         992,947   
                 

Gross margin

   $ 44,740       $ 26,939   
                 

A reconciliation of non-GAAP gross revenues to net revenues is as follows for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009 (in thousands):

 

     Gross Revenue
Reporting Method
     Reclassification     Net Revenue
Reporting Method
 
     2010      2009      2010     2009     2010      2009  

Revenues:

               

Staffing services

   $ 125,738       $ 116,155       $ -      $ -      $ 125,738       $ 116,155   

Professional employer services

     1,111,052         903,731         (963,667     (783,426     147,385         120,305   
                                                   

Total revenues

   $ 1,236,790       $ 1,019,886       $ (963,667   $ (783,426   $ 273,123       $ 236,460   
                                                   

Cost of revenues:

   $ 1,192,050       $ 992,947       $ (963,667   $ (783,426   $ 228,383       $ 209,521   
                                                   

The amount of the reclassification is comprised of direct payroll costs and safety incentives attributable to our PEO client companies.

Years Ended December 31, 2010 and 2009

Net income for 2010 amounted to $7.4 million, an improvement of $11.3 million over a net loss of $3.9 million for 2009. The increase for 2010 was primarily due to a 15.5% increase in revenues and the recognition of an expense of $11.8 million related to the change in estimate of the workers’ compensation reserve during 2009. Diluted income per share for 2010 was $.71 compared to a diluted loss per share of $.38 for 2009.

Revenues for 2010 totaled $273.1 million, an increase of approximately $36.7 million or 15.5%, which reflects an increase in both the Company’s PEO service fee revenue and staffing service revenue. PEO service fee revenue increased approximately $27.1 million or 22.5% over 2009 primarily due to growth in new customers as PEO business from new customers during 2010 exceeded our lost PEO business from former customers. PEO

 

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revenue from continuing customers reflected a small increase on a year-over-year basis. Staffing service revenue increased approximately $9.6 million or 8.3% over 2009 primarily due to an increase in demand for our staffing services from existing customers in our northwest and intermountain markets. During 2010, the Company served approximately 1,820 PEO clients, which compares to approximately 1,620 PEO clients during 2009. During 2010, the Company served approximately 1,750 staffing service customers, which compares to 1,800 during 2009. The decline in economic activity and associated reductions in employment levels in the Company’s market areas in late 2008 and 2009 continue to impact our existing client base, resulting in ongoing pressure on demand for the Company’s staffing services.

Gross margin for 2010 totaled approximately $44.7 million, which represented an increase of $17.8 million or 66.1% over 2009, primarily due to a 15.5% increase in revenues, the inclusion of the $11.8 million additional workers’ compensation expense adjustment in 2009, and a decline in direct payroll costs, as a percentage of revenues. The gross margin percent increased from 11.4% of revenues for 2009 to 16.4% for 2010. Workers’ compensation expense, as a percent of revenues, decreased from 16.8% in 2009 to 13.3% in 2010. Workers’ compensation expense for 2010 totaled $36.3 million, which compares to $39.8 million for 2009. This decrease was primarily due to the $11.8 million additional workers’ compensation expense adjustment recognized in 2009. The decrease in direct payroll costs, as a percentage of revenues, from 37.1% for 2009 to 34.9% for 2010 reflects the moderate shift in the overall mix of services from staffing services to PEO services in the Company’s customer base and the effect of each customer’s unique mark-up percent. The increase in payroll taxes and benefits, as a percentage of revenues, from 34.7% for 2009 to 35.4% for 2010, was principally due to higher statutory state unemployment tax rates in various states in which the Company operates in 2010 as compared to 2009 and to a relative shift in business mix to PEO services, as to which payroll taxes and benefits are presented at gross cost while the related direct payroll costs are netted against PEO services revenue. We expect gross margin as a percentage of total revenues to continue to be influenced by fluctuations in the mix between staffing and PEO services, as well as changes to our estimates for workers’ compensation claims liabilities, if necessary.

Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses consist of compensation and other expenses relating to the operation of our headquarters and our branch offices and the marketing of our services. SG&A expenses for 2010 amounted to approximately $35.4 million, an increase of $1.9 million or 5.8% over 2009. The increase in dollars over 2009 was primarily attributable to higher profit sharing due to improved profitability and to an increased level of business activity. SG&A expenses, as a percentage of revenues, decreased from 14.2% in 2009 to 13.0% in 2010.

Other income for 2010 was $2.0 million compared to other income of $1.6 million for 2009. The increase in other income for 2010 was primarily attributable to increased gains on the sales of certain marketable securities as compared to 2009.

Our effective income tax rate for 2010 was 25.9%, as compared to (39.7%) for 2009. The provision for income taxes included higher current year employment tax credits for 2010, a benefit of $434,000 primarily from a reduction to a deferred tax asset allowance as sales of certain marketable securities during 2010 allowed the Company to apply current year capital losses to 2009 capital gains and to benefit from additional prior year employment tax credits resulting from the Company amending its 2008 federal tax return.

 

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At December 31, 2010, we had deferred income tax assets of $6.1 million, which consist of temporary differences between taxable income for financial accounting and tax purposes, which will reduce taxable income in future years. We assess the realization of the deferred income tax assets as significant changes in circumstances may require adjustments during future periods. Although realization is not assured, management has concluded that it is more likely than not that the remaining deferred income tax assets will be realized, principally based upon projected taxable income for the next two years. The amount of the deferred income tax assets actually realized could vary, if there are differences in the timing or amount of future reversals of existing deferred income tax assets or changes in the actual amounts of future taxable income as compared to operating forecasts. If our operating forecast is determined to no longer be reliable due to uncertain market conditions, our long-term forecast may require reassessment. As a result, in the future, a valuation allowance may be required to be established for all or a portion of the deferred income tax assets. Such a valuation allowance could have a significant effect on our future results of operations and financial position.

Years Ended December 31, 2009 and 2008

Net loss for 2009 amounted to $3.9 million, a decline of $9.9 million from net income of $6.0 million for 2008. The decline for 2009 was primarily due to lower revenues and lower gross margin dollars principally due to an $11.8 million increase in workers’ compensation expense resulting from the Company’s change in estimate of its workers’ compensation reserves during the second quarter of 2009. Diluted loss per share for 2009 was $.38 compared to a diluted earnings per share of $.53 for 2008.

Revenues for 2009 totaled $236.5 million, a decrease of approximately $44.0 million or 15.7%, which reflects a decline in both the Company’s staffing service revenue and PEO service fee revenue. Staffing service revenue decreased approximately $38.4 million or 24.9% from 2008 primarily due to a significant decline in demand for our staffing services from existing customers in the majority of our markets. PEO service fee revenue decreased approximately $5.6 million or 4.4% from 2008 primarily due to a decline in business as a result of decreased hours worked at our existing PEO customer worksites, partially offset by the net effect of the addition of new customers. During 2009, the Company served approximately 1,800 staffing service customers, which compares to 2,300 during 2008. During 2009, the Company served approximately 1,620 PEO clients, which compares to approximately 1,415 PEO clients during 2008. Offsetting the increase in the number of PEO clients served in 2009 was a decline in the average number of PEO employees and worker hours per client.

Gross margin for 2009 totaled approximately $26.9 million, which represented a decrease of $22.4 million or 45.4% from 2008, primarily due to the $11.8 million additional workers’ compensation expense adjustment, a 15.7% decline in revenues and higher payroll taxes and benefits as a percentage of revenues. The gross margin percent decreased from 17.6% of revenues for 2008 to 11.4% for 2009. Workers’ compensation expense, as a percent of revenues, increased from 11.1% in 2008 to 16.8% in 2009. Workers’ compensation expense for 2009 totaled $39.8 million, which compares to $31.2 million for 2008. This increase was primarily due to the $11.8 million additional workers’ compensation expense adjustment. The increase in payroll taxes and benefits, as a percentage of revenues, from 30.5% for 2008 to 34.7% for 2009, was principally due to higher statutory state unemployment

 

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tax rates in various states in which the Company operates in 2009 as compared to 2008 and to an increase in business mix of PEO services where payroll taxes and benefits are presented at gross cost whereas the related direct payroll costs are netted against PEO services revenue. The decrease in direct payroll costs, as a percentage of revenues, from 40.8% for 2008 to 37.1% for 2009 reflects the moderate shift in the overall mix of services from staffing services to PEO services in the Company’s customer base and the effect of each customer’s unique mark-up percent.

During the second quarter of 2009, the Company engaged a new actuary to review its workers’ compensation liabilities. While the Company historically obtained an actuarial study, management determined the study was not the best estimate of the workers’ compensation liability. Based upon discussions with the new actuary and a thorough review of the Company’s reserving process and consideration of recent developments, management determined the actuarial estimate as of June 30, 2009 was the best estimate of the ultimate cost to settle open claims. Our primary considerations included the significant erosion in the economy, the increasing complexity and uncertainty surrounding healthcare costs, unexpected development in open claims and growth in our business. The change in estimate resulted in the Company increasing its workers’ compensation claims liabilities by approximately $11.8 million at June 30, 2009.

SG&A expenses for 2009 amounted to approximately $33.5 million, a decrease of $3.2 million or 8.7% from 2008. SG&A expenses, as a percentage of revenues, increased from 13.1% in 2008 to 14.2% in 2009. The decrease in dollars from 2008 was primarily attributable to lower profit sharing and an overall reduction in variable operating expenses due to the decline in business activity and profitability.

During 2008, the Company recorded a non-cash, other-than-temporary impairment charge of approximately $3.5 million relating to its investment in four closed-end bond funds. The impairment charge assumed no income tax benefit given the uncertainty of the Company’s ability to generate future taxable investment gains required to utilize these investment losses.

Other income for 2009 was $1.6 million compared to other income of $2.1 million for 2008. The decline in other income for 2009 was primarily attributable to decreased investment income earned on the Company’s cash and investments due to a decline in investment yields, partially offset by a gain on the sale of certain corporate bonds of $572,000.

Our effective income tax rate for 2009 was (39.7%), as compared to 38.6% for 2008. The effective rate for 2009 was primarily attributable to the Company’s loss before income taxes coupled with higher federal and state tax credits.

Fluctuations in Quarterly Operating Results

We have historically experienced significant fluctuations in our quarterly operating results and expect such fluctuations to continue in the future. Our operating results may fluctuate due to a number of factors such as seasonality, wage limits on statutory payroll taxes, claims experience for workers’ compensation, demand for our services and competition and the effect of acquisitions. Payroll taxes, as a component of cost of revenues, generally

 

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decline throughout a calendar year as the applicable statutory wage bases for federal and state unemployment taxes and Social Security taxes are exceeded on a per employee basis. Our revenue levels may be higher in the third quarter due to the effect of increased business activity of our customers’ businesses in the agriculture, food processing and forest products-related industries. In addition, revenues in the fourth quarter may be affected by many customers’ practice of operating on holiday-shortened schedules. Workers’ compensation expense varies with both the frequency and severity of workplace injury claims reported during a quarter and the estimated future costs of such claims. In addition, adverse loss development of prior period claims during a subsequent quarter may also contribute to the volatility in the Company’s estimated workers’ compensation expense.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company’s cash position of $30.9 million at December 31, 2010, decreased by $5.7 million from December 31, 2009, which compares to a decrease of $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The decrease in cash at December 31, 2010, as compared to December 31, 2009, was primarily due to net purchases of marketable securities of $12.1 million, an increase in accounts receivable of $4.5 million, payment of cash dividends of $3.4 million and the Company’s repurchase of its common stock of $3.4 million, partially offset by net income of $7.4 million and an increase in accrued payroll, payroll taxes and benefits of $7.3 million and a decrease in income taxes receivable of $3.8 million. The decrease in cash at December 31, 2009 was primarily due to net loss of $3.9 million, payment of cash dividends of $3.4 million, the Company’s repurchase of its common stock of $3.0 million and an increase of $4.3 million in income taxes receivable, partially offset by a $11.6 million increase in workers’ compensation claims liabilities.

Net cash provided by operating activities for 2010 amounted to $17.9 million, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $3.0 million for 2009. For 2010, cash flow was primarily provided by net income of $7.4 million, an increase of $7.3 million in accrued payroll, payroll taxes and related benefits, and a decrease in income taxes receivable of $3.8 million, partially offset by an increase in accounts receivable of $4.5 million.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $16.9 million for 2010, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $2.7 million for 2009. For 2010, the cash from investing activities was principally used in purchases of $35.2 million of marketable securities and net purchases of $2.8 million of restricted marketable securities, offset in part by proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities of $23.1 million. The Company presently has no material long-term capital commitments.

The Company’s investment policy regarding its marketable securities focuses on the preservation of principal and the maintenance of a high degree of liquidity. The investment policy requires credit ratings of its investments to be rated BBB-/Baa3, or better.

Net cash used in financing activities for 2010 was $6.8 million compared to net cash used in financing activities of $5.9 million for 2010. For 2010, the principal uses of cash for financing activities were for the Company’s cash dividends of $3.4 million paid to holders of the Company’s common stock and the Company’s repurchase of 267,000 shares of its common stock for $3.4 million.

 

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The Company’s business strategy continues to focus on growth through the expansion of operations at existing offices, together with the selective acquisition of additional personnel-related business, both in its existing markets and other strategic geographic markets. The Company periodically evaluates proposals for various acquisition opportunities, but there can be no assurance that any additional transactions will be consummated.

The Company is a party to a Standby Letter of Credit Agreement dated as of June 30, 2009 (the “Credit Agreement”) with its principal bank. The Credit Agreement provides for standby letters of credit as to which there were $6.7 million outstanding at December 31, 2010 in connection with various surety deposit requirements for workers’ compensation purposes.

Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Company is required to maintain compliance with the following covenants: (1) to maintain net income after taxes not less than $1.00 (one dollar) on an annual basis, determined as of each fiscal year end; (2) to maintain liquid assets (defined as unencumbered cash, cash equivalents, and publicly traded and quoted marketable securities) having an aggregate fair market value at all times not less than $10.0 million, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter; and (3) to not borrow or permit to exist indebtedness (other than from or to the bank), or mortgage, pledge, grant, or permit to exist a security interest in, or a lien upon, all or any portion of the Company’s assets now owned or hereafter acquired, except for purchase money indebtedness (and related security interests) which does not at any time exceed $500,000. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at December 31, 2010.

The Company is self-insured for certain business insurance risks such as general liability, errors and omissions and umbrella coverage. It is the Company’s determination that the risk of loss for such coverage is remote. Management may explore in the future more cost effective vehicles to provide higher limits of coverage, as well as coverages provided by the Company’s captive insurance companies.

The Company maintains a Board authorized stock repurchase program to repurchase common shares from time to time in open market purchases. During November 2007, the Board approved an increase in the total number of shares to be repurchased under the program up to a total of 1.0 million common shares, up from the initial authorization of 500,000 shares. In October 2008, the Board approved a second increase in the authorized shares to be repurchased up to 3.0 million shares. The repurchase program currently permits approximately 1.5 million of additional shares to be repurchased as of December 31, 2010. Management anticipates that the capital necessary to execute this program will be provided by existing cash balances and other available resources.

Management expects that current liquid assets, coupled with the funds anticipated to be generated from operations, will be sufficient in the aggregate to fund the Company’s working capital needs for the next twelve months.

 

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Contractual Obligations

The Company’s contractual obligations as of December 31, 2010, including commitments for future payments under non-cancelable lease arrangements and long-term workers’ compensation liabilities and other long-term liabilities, are summarized below:

 

     Payments Due by Period  
            Less than      1 - 3      4 - 5      After  
(in thousands)    Total      1 year      years      years      5 years  

Operating leases

   $ 5,544       $ 2,346       $ 2,314       $ 795       $ 89   

Long-term workers’ compensation claims liabilities for catastrophic injuries

     745         71         146         147         381   

Other long-term liabilities

     500         -         -         500         -   
                                            

Total contractual cash obligations

   $ 6,789       $ 2,417       $ 2,460       $ 1,442       $ 470   
                                            

Inflation

Inflation generally has not been a significant factor in the Company’s operations during the periods discussed above. The Company has taken into account the impact of escalating medical and other costs in establishing reserves for future expenses for self-insured workers’ compensation claims.

 

Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company’s exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates primarily relates to its investment portfolio of liquid assets. As of December 31, 2010, the Company’s investment portfolio consisted principally of approximately $27.0 million in tax-exempt money market funds, $23.0 million in tax-exempt municipal bonds with an average maturity of 199 days, and approximately $6.8 million in corporate bonds. Based on the Company’s overall interest exposure at December 31, 2010, a 100 basis point increase in market interest rates would not have a material effect on the fair value of the Company’s investment portfolio of liquid assets or its results of operations because of the predominantly short maturities of the securities within the investment portfolio.

 

Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The financial statements and notes thereto required by this item begin on page F-1 of this report, as listed in Item 15.

 

Item 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

 

Item 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our “disclosure controls and procedures” as

 

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defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) as of December 31, 2010 in connection with the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of December 31, 2010, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in rules and forms of the SEC and is accumulated and communicated to our management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Our Company’s financial statements in this Form 10-K fairly present, in all material respects, the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of our company as of and for the periods presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining for our Company adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010. This evaluation was based on the framework established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”). Based upon that evaluation, management identified the following material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement to the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected.

The Company did not have effective controls to provide assurance as to the appropriate selection and implementation of accounting methods with respect to accounting for its legal fees incurred by its captive insurance subsidiary for the administration of workers’ compensation claims.

This material weakness resulted in the adjustment of workers’ compensation claims liabilities, deferred taxes, workers’ compensation expense, (which is a component of cost of revenues) and income tax expense. The restatement of the consolidated financial statements is applicable to the years ended December 31, 2009, 2008 and 2007. The consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect such adjustments.

As a result of the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting described above, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2010 based on the criteria in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

The independent registered public accounting firm, Moss Adams LLP, has audited our consolidated financial statements and has issued an attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, which is included herein.

 

 

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Remediation of Material Weakness

Promptly following the identification of the material weakness as described above, management has been actively engaged in the planning for, and implementation of, remediation efforts. During the quarter ended March 31, 2011, the Company implemented changes in its control process, which it believes will remediate the control deficiencies in its financial reporting. Management has implemented a more formalized process for reviewing accounting policies, reviewing and establishing appropriate accounting policies when forming new subsidiaries and improving management’s industry specific accounting knowledge. Additionally, under the direction of the Audit Committee, management will continue to review and make any changes it deems necessary to the overall design of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, including implementing improvements in policies and procedures.

Management believes the measures described above will remediate the material weakness that existed as of December 31, 2010, and strengthen its internal control over financial reporting. Management is committed to continuous improvement of the Company’s internal control processes and will continue to diligently review the Company’s financial reporting controls and procedures. As management continues to evaluate and work to improve internal control over financial reporting, the Company may determine to take additional measures to address control deficiencies.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2010 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, such internal control over financial reporting.

Inherent Limitations

Control systems, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control systems’ objectives are being met. Further, the design of any control systems must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of all controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple errors or mistakes. Control systems can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures.

CEO and CFO Certifications

We have attached as exhibits to this Annual Report on Form 10-K the certifications of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, which are required in compliance with the Exchange Act. We recommend that this Item 9A be read in conjunction with the certifications for a more complete understanding of the subject matter presented.

 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Barrett Business Services, Inc. (“the Company”) as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with the authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies and procedures may deteriorate.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. The following material weakness has been identified and included in management’s assessment : The Company did not have effective controls to provide assurance as to the appropriate selection and implementation of accounting methods with respect to accounting

 

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for its legal fees incurred by its captive insurance subsidiary for the administration of workers’ compensation claims. This material weakness was considered in determining the nature, timing, and extent of audit tests applied in our audit of the consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010, of the Company and this report does not affect our report on such financial statements.

In our opinion, because of the effect of the material weakness identified above on the achievement of the objectives of the control criteria, the Company has not maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010, and our report dated April 1, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

/s/ Moss Adams LLP

Portland, Oregon

April 1, 2011

 

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Item 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

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PART III

 

Item 10. DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Information required by this Item 10 concerning directors and executive officers of the Company appears under the heading “Executive Officers of the Registrant” on page 20 of this report or is incorporated into this report by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement for its 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed within 120 days of the Company’s fiscal year end of December 31, 2010 (the “Proxy Statement”). The additional required information is included under the following headings of the Proxy Statement; Item 1 – “Election of Directors,” “Stock Ownership by Principal Stockholders and Management—Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance,” and “Code of Ethics.”

Audit Committee

The Company has a separately-designated standing audit committee established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Exchange Act known as the Audit and Compliance Committee. The members of the Audit and Compliance Committee are Thomas J. Carley, chairman, James B. Hicks, Ph.D., Anthony Meeker and Roger L. Johnson, each of whom is independent as that term is used in Nasdaq listing standards applicable to the Company.

Audit Committee Financial Expert

The Company’s Board of Directors has determined that Thomas J. Carley, an audit committee member, qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K under the Exchange Act and is independent as that term is defined for audit committee members in Nasdaq listing standards applicable to the Company.

 

Item 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Information required by this Item 11 concerning executive and director compensation and participation of compensation committee members is incorporated into this report by reference to the Proxy Statement, in which required information is included under the heading “Executive Compensation.”

 

Item 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

Information required by this Item 12 concerning the security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated into this report by reference to the Proxy Statement, in which required information is set forth under the headings “Stock Ownership of Principal Stockholders and Management—Beneficial Ownership Table” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information.”

 

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Item 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

Information required by this Item 13 concerning certain relationships and related transactions and director independence is incorporated into this report by reference to the Proxy Statement, in which required information is included under the headings Item 1 – “Election of Directors” and “Related Person Transactions.”

 

Item 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

Information required by this Item 14 concerning fees paid to our accountants is incorporated into this report by reference to the Proxy Statement, in which required information is included under the heading “Matters Relating to Our Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.”

 

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PART IV

 

Item 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES

Financial Statements and Schedules

The Financial Statements, together with the report thereon of Moss Adams LLP, are included on the pages indicated below:

 

     Page  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm—Moss Adams LLP

     F-1   

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2010 and 2009

     F-2   

Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     F-3   

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     F-4   

Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

     F-5   

Notes to Financial Statements

     F-6   

No schedules are required to be filed herewith.

Exhibits

Exhibits are listed in the Exhibit Index that follows the signature page of this report.

 

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BARRETT BUSINESS SERVICES, INC.

AUDITED ANNUAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Barrett Business Services, Inc. (“the Company”) as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the auditing standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall consolidated financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Barrett Business Services, Inc. as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

As discussed in Note 2, the Company has restated its 2009 and 2008 consolidated financial statements.

As discussed in Note 2, the Company has changed its method of accounting for legal expenses incurred for the administration of workers’ compensation claims that arose prior to the formation of its captive insurance subsidiary.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated April 1, 2011 expressed an adverse opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting because of a material weakness.

/s/ Moss Adams LLP

Portland, Oregon

April 1, 2011

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31, 2010 and 2009

(In Thousands, Except Par Value)

 

     2010     2009  
ASSETS          As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 30,924      $ 36,671   

Marketable securities

     24,511        13,766   

Trade accounts receivable, net

     37,596        33,070   

Income taxes receivable

     2,356        6,192   

Prepaid expenses and other

     1,798        979   

Deferred income taxes

     6,101        4,697   
                

Total current assets

     103,286        95,375   

Marketable securities

     5,921        7,473   

Property, equipment and software, net

     15,037        14,795   

Restricted marketable securities and workers’ compensation deposits

     8,811        2,666   

Other assets

     3,094        3,104   

Workers’ compensation receivables for insured losses and recoveries

     3,915        3,865   

Goodwill, net

     47,820        47,338   
                
   $ 187,884      $ 174,616   
                
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY     

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 964      $ 1,117   

Accrued payroll, payroll taxes and related benefits

     37,525        30,244   

Other accrued liabilities

     442        499   

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     14,768        13,777   

Safety incentives liability

     5,024        4,437   
                

Total current liabilities

     58,723        50,074   

Long-term workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     21,847        19,451   

Long-term workers’ compensation claims liabilities for insured claims

     2,686        2,729   

Deferred income taxes

     7,841        5,903   

Customer deposits and other long-term liabilities

     1,422        1,527   

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 9 and 14)

    

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 500 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

     -        -   

Common stock, $.01 par value; 20,500 shares authorized, 10,202 and 10,466 shares issued and outstanding

     102        105   

Additional paid-in capital

     25,164        28,358   

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

     (65     256   

Retained earnings

     70,164        66,213   
                
     95,365        94,932   
                
   $ 187,884      $ 174,616   
                

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)

 

     2010      2009     2008  
            As Restated, See
Note 2
 

Revenues:

       

Staffing services

   $ 125,738       $ 116,155      $ 154,565   

Professional employer service fees

     147,385         120,305        125,903   
                         
     273,123         236,460        280,468   
                         

Cost of revenues:

       

Direct payroll costs

     95,439         87,679        114,440   

Payroll taxes and benefits

     96,660         82,077        85,531   

Workers’ compensation

     36,284         39,765        31,166   
                         
     228,383         209,521        231,137   
                         

Gross margin

     44,740         26,939        49,331   

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     35,429         33,481        36,654   

Depreciation and amortization

     1,395         1,641        1,536   
                         

Income (loss) from operations

     7,916         (8,183     11,141   
                         

Loss on impairment of investments

     -         -        (3,483

Other income:

       

Investment income, net

     849         1,003        2,080   

Other

     1,162         637        (26
                         
     2,011         1,640        2,054   
                         

Income (loss) before income taxes

     9,927         (6,543     9,712   

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     2,574         (2,598     3,750   
                         

Net income (loss)

   $ 7,353       $ (3,945   $ 5,962   
                         

Basic earnings (loss) per share

   $ .71       $ (.38   $ .55   
                         

Weighted average number of basic shares outstanding

     10,333         10,452        10,861   
                         

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

   $ .71       $ (.38   $ .53   
                         

Weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding

     10,372         10,452        11,120   
                         

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

(In Thousands)

 

     Common Stock     Additional
Paid-in

Capital
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
    As Restated,
See Note 2
       
     Shares     Amount         Retained
Earnings
    Total  

Balance, December 31, 2007

     11,127      $ 111      $ 38,418      $ (1,516   $ 71,018      $ 108,031   

Common stock issued on exercise of options

     170        2        939        -        -        941   

Tax benefit of stock option exercises

     -        -        69        -        -        69   

Company repurchase of common stock

     (714     (7     (8,467     -        -        (8,474

Cash dividend on common stock

     -        -        -        -        (3,466     (3,466

Recognized loss on impairment of investments

     -        -        -        1,475        -        1,475   

Unrealized holding gains on marketable securities, net of tax

     -        -        -        66        -        66   

Net income, as restated, see Note 2

     -        -        -        -        5,962        5,962   
                                                

Balance, December 31, 2008

     10,583        106        30,959        25        73,514        104,604   

Common stock issued on exercise of options

     265        -        23        -        -        23   

Tender of common stock related to exercise of options

     (69     -        (162     -        -        (162

Stock option compensation expense, net of tax

     -        -        100        -        -        100   

Tax benefit of stock option exercises

     -        -        449        -        -        449   

Company repurchase of common stock

     (313     (1     (3,011     -        -        (3,012

Cash dividend on common stock

     -        -        -        -        (3,356     (3,356

Unrealized holding gains on marketable securities, net of tax

     -        -        -        231        -        231   

Net loss, as restated, see Note 2

     -        -        -        -        (3,945     (3,945
                                                

Balance, December 31, 2009

     10,466        105        28,358        256        66,213        94,932   

Common stock issued on exercise of options

     3        -        17        -        -        17   

Stock option compensation expense, net of tax

     -        -        192        -        -        192   

Tax benefit of stock option exercises

     -        -        9        -        -        9   

Company repurchase of common stock

     (267     (3     (3,412     -        -        (3,415

Cash dividend on common stock

     -        -        -        -        (3,402     (3,402

Unrealized holding losses on marketable securities, net of tax

     -        -        -        (76     -        (76

Realized gains on sale of marketable securities, net of tax

     -        -        -        (245     -        (245

Net income

     -        -        -        -        7,353        7,353   
                                                

Balance, December 31, 2010

     10,202      $ 102      $ 25,164      $ (65   $ 70,164      $ 95,365   
                                                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008

(In Thousands)

 

     2010     2009     2008  
           As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income (loss)

   $ 7,353      $ (3,945   $ 5,962   

Reconciliations of net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     1,395        1,641        1,536   

(Gains) losses recognized on marketable securities

     (950     (639     3,554   

Purchase of trading marketable securities

     -        -        (100

Gain recognized on sale and leaseback

     (122     (122     (122

Deferred income taxes

     746        676        1,563   

Share based compensation

     192        100        -   

Changes in certain assets and liabilities, net of amounts purchased in acquisitions:

      

Trade accounts receivable, net

     (4,526     1,319        2,284   

Income taxes receivable

     3,836        (4,346     (664

Prepaid expenses and other

     (819     461        896   

Accounts payable

     (153     236        (635

Accrued payroll, payroll taxes and related benefits

     7,281        (2,214     (1,257

Other accrued liabilities

     (182     (403     (162

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     3,294        11,567        2,681   

Safety incentives liability

     587        (189     (1,285

Customer deposits, long-term liabilities and other assets, net

     14        (1,117     (85
                        

Net cash provided by operating activities

     17,946        3,025        14,166   
                        

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Cash paid for acquisitions, including other direct costs

     (375     -        (5,860

Purchase of property and equipment, net of amounts purchased in acquisitions

     (1,606     (881     (830

Proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities

     23,119        27,518        91,198   

Purchase of marketable securities

     (35,207     (29,344     (55,356

Proceeds from maturities of restricted marketable securities

     4,697        3,979        3,390   

Purchase of restricted marketable securities

     (7,530     (3,944     (3,341
                        

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (16,902     (2,672     29,201   
                        

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from credit-line borrowings

     -        323        5,667   

Payments on credit-line borrowings

     -        (323     (5,667

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

     17        23        941   

Dividends paid

     (3,402     (3,356     (3,466

Repurchase of common stock

     (3,415     (3,012     (8,474

Tax benefit of stock option exercises

     9        449        69   
                        

Net cash used in financing activities

     (6,791     (5,896     (10,930
                        

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (5,747     (5,543     32,437   

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year

     36,671        42,214        9,777   
                        

Cash and cash equivalents, end of year

   $ 30,924      $ 36,671      $ 42,214   
                        

Supplemental schedule of noncash investing activities:

      

Acquisitions of other businesses:

      

Cost of acquisitions in excess of fair market value of net assets acquired

   $ 357      $ -      $ 5,830   

Intangible assets acquired

     15        -        15   

Tangible assets acquired

     3        -        15   
                        

Net cash paid for acquisitions

   $ 375      $ -      $ 5,860   
                        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

Nature of operations

Barrett Business Services, Inc. (“BBSI”, the “Company”, “our” or “we”), a Maryland corporation, is engaged in providing both staffing and professional employer organization (“PEO”) services to a diversified group of customers through a network of branch offices throughout California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Maryland, Delaware and North Carolina. Approximately 69%, 67% and 65%, respectively, of our revenue during 2010, 2009 and 2008 were attributable to our California and Oregon operations.

The Company operates a wholly owned captive insurance company, Associated Insurance Company for Excess (“AICE”). AICE is a fully licensed captive insurance company holding a certificate of authority from the Arizona Department of Insurance. The purpose of AICE is twofold: (1) to provide access to more competitive and cost effective insurance markets and (2) to provide additional flexibility in cost effective risk management. The captive handles only workers’ compensation claims occurring on or after January 1, 2007. AICE also provides general liability insurance coverage for BBSI on an as requested basis by third parties such as landlords and other vendors.

Effective January 5, 2010, the Company formed a wholly owned insurance company, Ecole Insurance Company (“Ecole”). Ecole is a fully licensed insurance company holding a certificate of authority from the Arizona Department of Insurance. Ecole provides workers’ compensation coverage to the Company’s employees working in Arizona for claims occurring on or after March 1, 2010. The restricted capital used to capitalize the insurance company was approximately $6.1 million and is included in restricted marketable securities and workers’ compensation deposits in our consolidated balance sheets as a result of the capital requirement.

Principles of consolidation

The accompanying financial statements are prepared on a consolidated basis. All significant intercompany account balances and transactions between BBSI, AICE, Ecole and BBS I, LLC, the aircraft subsidiary which owns an aircraft for management’s operational travel needs, have been eliminated in consolidation.

Revenue recognition

We recognize revenue as services are rendered by our workforce. Staffing services are engaged by customers to meet short-term and long-term personnel needs. PEO services are normally used by organizations to satisfy ongoing human resource management needs and typically involve contracts with a minimum term of one year, which cover all employees at a particular work site. Our PEO contracts are renewable on an annual basis and typically require 30 days’ written notice to cancel or terminate the contract by either party. Our PEO contracts provide for immediate termination upon any default of the client regardless of when notice is given. We report PEO revenues on a net basis because we are not the primary obligor for the services provided by our PEO clients to

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Revenue recognition (Continued)

 

their customers pursuant to our PEO contracts. Consequently, our PEO service fee revenues represent the gross margin generated from our PEO services after deducting the amounts invoiced to PEO customers for direct payroll expenses such as salaries, wages, health insurance and employee out-of-pocket expenses incurred incidental to employment and safety incentives. These amounts are also excluded from cost of revenues. PEO service fees also include amounts invoiced to our clients for employer payroll-related taxes and workers’ compensation coverage.

Cost of revenues

Our cost of revenues for staffing services is comprised of direct payroll costs, employer payroll related taxes and employee benefits and workers’ compensation. Our cost of revenues for PEO services includes employer payroll related taxes and workers’ compensation. Direct payroll costs represent the gross payroll earned by staffing services employees based on salary or hourly wages. Payroll taxes and employee benefits consist of the employer’s portion of Social Security and Medicare taxes, federal and state unemployment taxes and staffing services employee reimbursements for materials, supplies and other expenses, which are paid by our customer. Workers’ compensation costs consist primarily of the costs associated with our self-insured workers’ compensation program, such as claims reserves, claims administration fees, legal fees, state administrative agency fees and excess insurance premiums for catastrophic injuries.

We also maintain separate workers’ compensation insurance policies for employees working in states where the Company is not self-insured. Safety incentives represent cash incentives paid to certain PEO client companies for maintaining safe-work practices in order to minimize workplace injuries. The incentive is based on a percentage of annual payroll and is paid annually to customers who meet predetermined workers’ compensation claims cost objectives.

Cash and cash equivalents

We consider non-restricted short-term investments, which are highly liquid, readily convertible into cash, and have original maturities of less than three months, to be cash equivalents for purposes of the statements of cash flows.

Marketable securities

As of December 31, 2010, the Company’s marketable securities consisted of tax-exempt municipal securities, variable rate demand notes (“VRDN”), equity securities and corporate bonds. We determine the appropriate classification for certain investments in debt and equity securities, and classify our marketable securities as trading, available-for-sale or held-to-maturity. The Company classifies municipal securities, VRDN, the closed-end bond funds and certain of its corporate bonds, as available for

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Marketable securities (Continued)

 

sale; they are reported at fair value with unrealized gains and losses, net of taxes, shown as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders’ equity. Management considers available evidence in evaluating potential impairment of investments, including the duration and extent to which fair value is less than cost and the Company’s ability and intent to hold the investments. In the event a loss is determined to be other-than-temporary, the loss will be recognized in the statement of operations. The equity securities are classified as trading and are reported at fair value with unrealized gains and losses, net of taxes, shown as a component of net income. Certain of the Company’s corporate bonds are classified as held-to-maturity and are reported at amortized cost.

Restricted marketable securities

At December 31, 2010 and 2009, restricted marketable securities consisted primarily of governmental debt instruments with maturities generally from 180 days to two years (see Note 3 and Note 6). At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the approximate fair value of restricted marketable securities equaled their approximate amortized cost. Restricted marketable securities have been categorized as held-to-maturity and, as a result, are stated at amortized cost. Realized gains and losses on sales of restricted marketable securities are included in other income (expense) on our consolidated statements of operations.

Allowance for doubtful accounts

We must make estimates of the collectibility of our accounts receivable for services provided to our customers. Our management analyzes historical bad debts, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic conditions and changes in customers’ payment trends when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts. If the financial condition of our customers deteriorates, resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.

Our allowance for doubtful accounts activity is summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     2010     2009     2008  

Balance at January 1,

      

Allowance for doubtful accounts

   $ 516      $ 409      $ 100   

Charges to expense

     150        500        449   

Write-offs of uncollectible accounts, net of recoveries

     (292     (393     (140

Balance at December 31,

      
                        

Allowance for doubtful accounts

   $ 374      $ 516      $ 409   
                        

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Income taxes

Our income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach. This requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities at the applicable tax rates. A valuation allowance is recorded against deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of the available evidence, it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The factors used to assess the likelihood of realization include the Company’s forecast of the reversal of temporary differences, future taxable income and available tax planning strategies that could be implemented to realize the net deferred tax assets. Failure to achieve forecasted taxable income in applicable tax jurisdictions could affect the ultimate realization of deferred tax assets and could result in an increase in the Company’s effective tax rate on future earnings.

The determination of our provision for income taxes requires significant judgment, the use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. Significant judgment is required in assessing the timing and amounts of deductible and taxable items and the probability of sustaining uncertain tax positions. The Company recognizes the tax benefit from uncertain tax positions if it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on examination by the tax authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefit is measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement As facts and circumstances change, we reassess these probabilities and would record any changes in the financial statements as appropriate. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

Business combinations

We account for business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting. Expenses incurred in connection with a business combination are expensed as incurred. Changes in deferred tax asset valuation allowances and acquired income tax uncertainties after the measured period are recognized in earnings.

Goodwill and intangible assets

Goodwill is recorded as the difference, if any, between the aggregate consideration paid for an acquisition and the fair value of the net assets acquired. Goodwill is not amortized but is evaluated for impairment annually or more frequently if indicators of impairment are present or changes in circumstances suggest that impairment may exist. The Company has one reporting unit and evaluates the carrying value of goodwill annually at December 31. No impairment has been recognized in the periods presented.

Our intangible assets with definite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated economic useful lives.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Property and equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to operating expense as incurred and expenditures for additions and improvements are capitalized. The cost of assets sold or otherwise disposed of and the related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the consolidated statements of operations.

Depreciation of property and equipment is calculated using either straight-line or accelerated methods over estimated useful lives of the related assets or lease terms, as follows:

 

     Years

Building

   39

Office furniture and fixtures

   7

Computer hardware and software

   3-10

Aircraft

   20

Leasehold improvements

   Life of lease

Impairment of long-lived assets

Long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and acquired intangibles subject to amortization, are reviewed for impairment annually, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the remaining estimated useful life may warrant revision or that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Some of the events or changes in circumstances that would trigger an impairment review include, but are not limited to, significant under-performance relative to expected and/or historical results (such as two years of significant sales declines or two years of significant negative operating cash flows), significant negative industry or economic trends, or knowledge of transactions involving the sale of similar property at amounts below the carrying value.

Assets are grouped for recognition and measurement of impairment at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets. If the carrying amount of an asset group exceeds the estimated, undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset, then an impairment charge is recognized to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the asset’s fair value. In determining fair value, management considers current results, trends, future prospects, and other economic factors.

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

The Company is a self-insured employer for workers’ compensation coverage for its employees (including employees subject to PEO contracts) working in California, Oregon, Maryland, Delaware and Colorado. In the state of Washington, state law allows only our staffing services and management employees to be covered under the Company’s self-insured program. Additionally, effective March 1, 2010, employees working in Arizona were eligible for coverage through Ecole.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities (Continued)

 

The estimated liability for unsettled workers’ compensation claims represents our best estimate, which includes an evaluation of information provided by our internal claims adjusters and our third-party administrators for workers’ compensation claims, coupled with an actuarial estimate of future cost development of reported claims and incurred but not reported claims (together, IBNR) provided by the Company’s independent actuary. Included in the claims liabilities are case reserve estimates for reported losses, plus additional amounts for estimated future development of reported claims and incurred but not reported claims as well as estimates for unallocated loss adjustment expenses, including legal costs. These estimates are continually reviewed and adjustments to liabilities are reflected in current operating results as they become known.

Safety incentives liability

Safety incentives represent cash incentives paid to certain PEO client companies for maintaining safe-work practices in order to minimize workplace injuries. The incentive is based on a percentage of annual payroll and is paid annually to customers who meet predetermined workers’ compensation claims cost objectives. Safety incentive payments are made only after closure of all workers’ compensation claims incurred during the customer’s contract period. The liability is estimated and accrued each month based upon contract year-to-date payroll and the then-current amount of the customer’s estimated workers’ compensation claims reserves as established by us and our third party administrator and the expected payout as determined by historical incentive payment trends. Safety incentive expense is netted against PEO services revenue in our consolidated statements of operations.

Customer deposits

We require deposits from certain PEO customers to cover a portion of our accounts receivable due from such customers in the event of default of payment.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

Comprehensive income (loss) includes all changes in equity during a period except those that resulted from investments by or distributions to the Company’s stockholders. Comprehensive income (loss) is summarized in the following table (in thousands):,

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
           As Restated,
See Note 2
 
     2010     2009     2008  

Net income (loss)

   $ 7,353      $ (3,945   $ 5,962   

Unrealized holding (losses) gains on
marketable securities, net of tax

     (76     231        66   

Recognized loss on impairment of investments

     -        -        1,475   

Reclassification of realized gains on sales
of marketable securities, net of tax

     (245     -        -   
                        

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 7,032      $ (3,714   $ 7,503   
                        

Other comprehensive income (loss) refers to revenues, expenses, gains and losses that under generally accepted accounting principles are included in comprehensive income (loss), but excluded from net income (loss) as these amounts are recorded directly as an adjustment to stockholders’ equity. Our other comprehensive income (loss) is comprised of unrealized holding gains and losses on our publicly traded marketable securities.

Statements of cash flows

Interest paid during 2010, 2009 and 2008 did not materially differ from interest expense. Income taxes paid by the Company in 2010, 2009 and 2008 totaled $1.8 million, $551,000 and $2.8 million, respectively.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Basic and diluted earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for each year. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential effects of the exercise of outstanding stock options. Basic and diluted shares outstanding are summarized as follows:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2010      2009      2008  

Weighted average number of basic shares outstanding

     10,332,685         10,451,901         10,860,582   

Assumed exercise of stock options, net of shares assumed repurchased at average market price during the period using proceeds received upon exercise of options

     39,775         -         259,132   
                          

Weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding

     10,372,460         10,451,901         11,119,714   
                          

As a result of the net loss reported for the year ended December 31, 2009, 120,690 potential common shares have been excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because their effect would be anti-dilutive.

Reclassifications

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with the 2010 presentation. Such reclassifications had no impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flows, working capital or stockholders’ equity.

Accounting estimates

The preparation of our financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Estimates are used for carrying values of marketable securities, allowance for doubtful accounts, deferred income taxes, carrying values for goodwill and property and equipment, accrued workers’ compensation liabilities and safety incentive liabilities. Actual results may or may not differ from such estimates.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

1. Summary of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

We believe that we have implemented the accounting pronouncements with a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and do not believe there are any new or pending pronouncements that will materially impact our financial position or results of operations.

 

2. Restatement of prior periods

During the 2010 year-end financial close process, the Company identified an error related to legal fees incurred for the administration of workers’ compensation claims by the Company’s captive insurance subsidiary, Associated Insurance Company for Excess (“AICE”), which was formed on January 1, 2007. The Company’s historical accounting method for legal expenses incurred for claims administration had been to recognize the expenses in the period incurred. The Company’s captive insurance subsidiary is subject to industry specific authoritative accounting guidance that requires the insurance subsidiary to include an estimate for such legal fees in its workers’ compensation claims liabilities. Therefore, the Company’s method of recording legal fees in the period incurred for claims administration was determined to be an error. As a result, the Company has restated all periods to reflect the correction of this error.

The Company has also determined to make a conforming change to its accounting method for legal expenses incurred for the administration of workers’ compensation claims that arose prior to the formation of AICE. As such, the Company has changed its method of recognizing legal fees in the period incurred to a method that recognizes an estimate for legal fees expected to be incurred related to the administration of workers’ compensation claims. With this change, such estimated legal fees are accrued as part of the Company’s workers’ compensation claims liabilities. Management believes this change is preferable as the Company and its subsidiaries will have consistent accounting policies and the workers’ compensation claims liabilities as of the end of each period will reflect the total estimated cost to settle our workers’ compensation claims.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

2. Restatement of prior periods (Continued)

 

The impact of the restatement and the change in accounting method, which has been reflected throughout the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, is as follows:

 

     Consolidated Balance Sheet Information  
     as of December 31, 2009  
(in thousands)    As Previously
Reported
    Correction
of an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Income taxes receivable

   $ 4,274      $ 1,508      $ 410      $ 1,918      $ 6,192   

Deferred income taxes—current

     4,071        492        134        626        4,697   

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     10,509        2,596        672        3,268        13,777   

Long-term workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     14,560        3,817        1,074        4,891        19,451   

Deferred income taxes—noncurrent

     6,323        (330     (90     (420     5,903   

Retained earnings

     71,408        (5,724     529        (5,195     66,213   
    

Consolidated Statements of Operations

Information for the Years Ended

 
     December 31, 2009  
(in thousands, except per
share amounts)
   As Previously
Reported
    Correction of
an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Cost of revenues

   $ 210,865      $ 237      $ (1,581   $ (1,344   $ 209,521   

Gross margin

     25,595        (237     1,581        1,344        26,939   

Loss from operations

     (9,527     (237     1,581        1,344        (8,183

Loss before income taxes

     (7,887     (237     1,581        1,344        (6,543

Benefit from income taxes

     (3,119     (92     613        521        (2,598

Net loss

     (4,768     (145     968        823        (3,945

Basic loss per share

     (0.46     (0.01     0.09        0.08        (0.38

Diluted loss per share

     (0.46     (0.01     0.09        0.08        (0.38
     December 31, 2008  
     As Previously
Reported
    Correction of
an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Cost of revenues

   $ 230,858      $ 2,264      $ (1,985   $ 279      $ 231,137   

Gross margin

     49,610        (2,264     1,985        (279     49,331   

Income from operations

     11,420        (2,264     1,985        (279     11,141   

Income before income taxes

     9,991        (2,264     1,985        (279     9,712   

Provision for income taxes

     3,728        177        (155     22        3,750   

Net income

     6,263        (2,441     2,140        (301     5,962   

Basic income per share

     0.58        (0.22     0.19        (0.03     0.55   

Diluted income per share

     0.56        (0.22     0.19        (0.03     0.53   

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

2. Restatement of prior periods (Continued)

 

    

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

for the Years Ended

 
     December 31, 2008 and 2009  
(in thousands)    As Previously
Reported
    Correction of
an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Retained earnings, December 31, 2007

   $ 76,735      $ (3,139   $ (2,578   $ (5,717   $ 71,018   

Stockholders’ equity, December 31, 2007

     113,748        (3,139     (2,578     (5,717     108,031   

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2008

     6,263        (2,440     2,139        (301     5,962   

Retained earnings, December 31, 2008

     79,532        (5,579     (439     (6,018     73,514   

Stockholders’ equity, December 31, 2008

     110,622        (5,579     (439     (6,018     104,604   

Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2009

     (4,768     (145     968        823        (3,945

Retained earnings, December 31, 2009

     71,408        (5,724     529        (5,195     66,213   

Stockholders’ equity, December 31, 2009

     100,127        (5,724     529        (5,195     94,932   

 

     Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended
December 31, 2009
 
(in thousands)    As Previously
Reported
    Correction of
an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Net loss

   $ (4,768   $ (145   $ 968      $ 823      $ (3,945

Reconciliations of net loss to cash provided by operating activities:

          

Deferred income taxes

     83        244        349        593        676   

Income taxes receivable

     (4,274     (308     236        (72     (4,346

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     12,911        237        (1,581     (1,344     11,567   

Net cash provided by operating activities

     3,025        -        -        -        3,025   

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

2. Restatement of prior periods (Continued)

 

     December 31, 2008  
     As Previously
Reported
     Correction of
an Error
    Change in
Accounting
Policy
    Net
Adjustment
    Restated  

Net income

   $ 6,263       $ (2,440   $ 2,139      $ (301   $ 5,962   

Reconciliations of net income to cash provided by operating activities:

           

Deferred income taxes

     877         (79     765        686        1,563   

Income taxes receivable

     -         (699     35        (664     (664

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

     2,402         2,263        (1,984     279        2,681   

Net cash provided by operating activities

     14,166         -        -        -        14,166   

 

3. Fair Value of Financial Instruments and Concentration of Credit Risk

All of our financial instruments are recognized in our balance sheet. Carrying values approximate fair market value of most financial assets and liabilities. The fair market value of restricted marketable securities consisting primarily of U.S. Treasury bills and municipal bonds was recorded at amortized cost which approximates market value for similar instruments. The interest rates on our restricted marketable security investments approximate current market rates for these types of investments; therefore, the recorded value of the restricted marketable securities approximates fair market value.

Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of temporary cash investments, marketable securities, restricted marketable securities and trade accounts receivable. We restrict investment of temporary cash investments and marketable securities to financial institutions with high credit ratings, corporate bonds and to investments in governmental debt instruments. Credit risk on trade receivables is minimized as a result of the large and diverse nature of our customer base.

At December 31, 2010, we had significant concentrations of credit risk as follows:

 

  - Cash and cash equivalents—approximately $27.0 million of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2010 were invested in tax-exempt money market funds.

 

  - Marketable securities—All investments are held in publicly-traded securities, which includes $23.0 million, at fair value, in municipal bonds.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

4. Fair Value Measurement

The Company has determined that its marketable securities should be presented at their fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

Factors used in determining the fair value of our financial assets and liabilities are summarized into three broad categories:

 

   

Level 1—quoted prices in active markets for identical securities;

 

   

Level 2—other significant observable inputs, including quoted prices for similar securities, interest rates, prepayment speeds, credit risk, etc.; and

 

   

Level 3—significant unobservable inputs, including our own assumptions in determining fair value.

The inputs or methodology used for valuing securities are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in those securities.

The Company has determined that its equity securities components of its marketable securities fall into the Level 1 category. The Company has also determined that its municipal bonds, VRDN and corporate bonds components fall into the Level 2 category. There were no assets or liabilities where Level 3 valuation techniques were used and there were no assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

4. Fair Value Measurement (Continued)

 

Marketable securities consist of the following (in thousands):

 

    December 31, 2010     December 31, 2009        
    Cost     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
(Losses)
    Recorded
Basis
    Cost     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
(Losses)
    Recorded
Basis
    Fair
Value
Category
 

Current:

             

Trading:

             

Equity securities

  $ 349      $ 21      $ 370      $ 349      $ (24   $ 325        1   

Available-for-sale:

             

Municipal bonds

    22,997        (32     22,965        11,637        -        11,637        2   

Corporate bonds

    861        15        876        -        -        -        2   

Variable rate demand notes

    300        -        300        400        -        400        2   

Closed-end bond funds

    -        -        -        491        402        893        1   

U.S. treasuries

    -        -        -        511        -        511        1   
                                                 
  $ 24,507      $ 4      $ 24,511      $ 13,388      $ 378      $ 13,766     
                                                 

Long term:

             

Available-for-sale:

             

Corporate bonds

  $ 5,513      $ (39   $ 5,474      $ 6,947      $ 89      $ 7,036        2   

Held-to-maturity:

             

Corporate bonds

    447        -        447        437        -        437        2   
                                                 
  $ 5,960      $ (39   $ 5,921      $ 7,384      $ 89      $ 7,473     
                                                 

During the year ended December 31, 2010, the Company realized $922,000 of gains on sales of certain closed-end bond funds and corporate bonds.

The Company’s restricted marketable securities component of restricted marketable securities and workers’ compensation deposits consists of the following (in thousands):

 

    December 31, 2010     December 31, 2009        
    Cost     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
(Losses)
    Recorded
Basis
    Cost     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
(Losses)
    Recorded
Basis
    Fair
Value
Category
 

Available-for-sale:

             

Municipal bonds

  $ 5,147      $ -      $ 5,147      $ -      $ -      $ -        2   

Corporate bonds

    323        -        323        -        -        -        2   

U.S. treasuries

    1,567        -        1,567        2,086        -        2,086        1   
                                                 
  $ 7,037      $ -      $ 7,037      $ 2,086      $ -      $ 2,086     
                                                 

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

5. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     December 31,  
     2010      2009  

Building

   $ 9,815       $ 9,447   

Office furniture and fixtures

     4,628         4,435   

Computer hardware and software

     5,097         5,097   

Aircraft

     4,186         3,938   
                 
     23,726         22,917   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     9,794         9,227   
                 
     13,932         13,690   

Land

     1,105         1,105   
                 
   $ 15,037       $ 14,795   
                 

 

6. Workers’ Compensation Claims

We are a self-insured employer with respect to workers’ compensation coverage for all our employees (including employees subject to PEO contracts) working in California, Oregon, Maryland, Delaware and Colorado. In the state of Washington, state law allows only our staffing services and management employees to be covered under the Company’s self-insured workers’ compensation program.

Effective January 5, 2010, we formed Ecole, a wholly owned fully licensed insurance company in Arizona. The insurance company provides workers’ compensation coverage to BBSI’s employees working in Arizona for claims occurring on or after March 1, 2010.

The Company has provided a total of $39.3 million and $36.0 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, as an estimated future liability for unsettled workers’ compensation claims liabilities. Included in the foregoing liabilities are insured claims that will be paid by the Company’s former excess workers’ compensation insurer and for which the Company has reported a receivable from the insurer for the insured claims liability. Insured claims totaled $2.7 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009. The estimated liability for unsettled workers’ compensation claims represents management’s best estimate based upon an actuarial valuation provided by a third party actuary. Included in the claims liabilities are case reserve estimates for reported losses, plus additional amounts based on projections for incurred but not reported claims and anticipated increases in case reserve estimates. These estimates also include amounts for unallocated loss adjustment expenses, including legal costs. These estimates are continually reviewed and adjustments to liabilities are reflected in current operating results as they become known.

During 2009, the Company engaged a new actuary to review its workers’ compensation liabilities. While the Company historically obtained an actuarial study, management

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

6. Workers’ Compensation Claims (Continued)

 

determined the historical study was not the best estimate of the workers’ compensation liability. Based upon discussions with the new actuary and a thorough review of the Company’s reserving process and consideration of recent developments, management determined the actuarial estimate as of June 30, 2009 was the best estimate of the ultimate cost to settle open claims. Our primary considerations included the significant erosion in the economy, the increasing complexity and uncertainty surrounding healthcare costs, unexpected development in open claims and growth in our business. The change in estimate resulted in the Company increasing its workers’ compensation claims liabilities by approximately $11.8 million at June 30, 2009.

Liabilities incurred for work-related employee fatalities and for severely injured workers, as determined by the state in which the accident occurred, are recorded either at an agreed lump-sum settlement amount or the net present value of future fixed and determinable payments over the actuarially determined remaining life expectancy of the beneficiary, discounted at a rate that approximates a long-term, high-quality corporate bond rate. Our excess workers’ compensation insurance retention is $5.0 million per occurrence in all our self-insured states, except for Maryland and Colorado where our retention is at $1.0 million and $500,000 per occurrence, respectively. We present our accrued liabilities for workers’ compensation claims on a gross basis along with a corresponding receivable from our insurers, as we are the primary obligor for payment of the related insured claims. We maintain excess workers’ compensation insurance coverage with America International Group (“AIG”) between $5.0 million and $15.0 million per occurrence, except in Maryland, where coverage with AIG is between $1.0 million and $25.0 million per occurrence and in Colorado where the coverage with AIG is from $500,000 to statutory limits per occurrence.

We continue to evaluate the financial capacity of our insurers to assess the recoverability of the related insurer receivables.

At December 31, 2010, our long-term workers’ compensation claims liabilities in the accompanying balance sheet included $745,000 for work-related fatalities. The aggregate undiscounted pay-out amount related to the catastrophic injuries and fatalities is $1.0 million. The discount rates applied to the discounted liabilities range from 4.25% to 9.00%. These rates represented the then-current rates for high quality long-term debt securities available at the date of loss with maturities equal to the length of the pay-out period to the beneficiaries. The actuarially determined pay-out periods to the beneficiaries range from 7 to 32 years.

The states of Oregon, Maryland, Washington, Delaware and Colorado require us to maintain specified investment balances or other financial instruments, totaling $9.1 million at December 31, 2010 and $8.7 million at December 31, 2009, to cover potential claims losses. In partial satisfaction of these requirements, at December 31, 2010, we have provided standby letters of credit and a surety bond totaling $6.8 million. The

 

F-21


Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

6. Workers’ Compensation Claims (Continued)

 

investments are included in restricted marketable securities and workers’ compensation deposits in the accompanying balance sheets. We participate in California’s alternative security program requiring us to pay the State an annual fee, which is determined by several factors, including the amount of a calculated future security deposit and our overall credit rating. The annual fee paid to the State of California for 2010, 2009 and 2008 was $209,000, $73,000, and $215,000, respectively.

The following table summarizes the aggregate workers’ compensation reserve activity (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
     2010      2009      2008  
            As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Balance at January 1,

        

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

   $ 35,958       $ 24,587       $ 21,965   

Claims expense accrual:

        

Current year

     16,850         11,907         13,863   

Prior years

     880         12,749         3,130   
                          
     17,730         24,656         16,993   
                          

Claims payments related to:

        

Current year

     3,814         2,991         2,805   

Prior years

     10,572         10,294         11,566   
                          
     14,386         13,285         14,371   
                          

Balance at December 31,

        

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

   $ 39,302       $ 35,958       $ 24,587   
                          

Incurred but not reported (IBNR)

   $ 27,163       $ 25,409       $ 15,840   
                          

 

7. Credit Facility

The Company is a party to a Standby Letter of Credit Agreement dated as of June 30, 2009 (the “Credit Agreement”) with its principal bank. The Credit Agreement provides for standby letters of credit as to which there were $6.7 million outstanding at December 31, 2010 in connection with various surety deposit requirements for workers’ compensation purposes.

Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Company is required to maintain compliance with the following covenants: (1) to maintain net income after taxes not less than $1.00 (one dollar) on an annual basis, determined as of each fiscal year end; (2) to maintain liquid assets (defined as unencumbered cash, cash equivalents, and publicly traded and quoted marketable securities) having an aggregate fair market value at all times not less than $10.0 million, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter; and (3) to not borrow

 

F-22


Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

7. Credit Facility (Continued)

 

or permit to exist indebtedness (other than from or to the bank), or mortgage, pledge, grant, or permit to exist a security interest in, or a lien upon, all or any portion of the Company’s assets now owned or hereafter acquired, except for purchase money indebtedness (and related security interests) which does not at any time exceed $500,000. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants at December 31, 2010.

 

8. 401(k) Savings Plan

We have a Section 401(k) Retirement Savings Plan for the benefit of our eligible employees. All staffing and management employees 21 years of age or older become eligible to participate in the savings plan upon completion of 1,000 hours of service in any consecutive 12-month period following the initial date of employment. Employees covered under a PEO arrangement may participate in the plan at the sole discretion of the PEO client. The determination of discretionary Company contributions to the plan, if any, is at the sole discretion of our Board of Directors. No discretionary Company contributions were made to the plan for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.

We make matching contributions to the 401(k) plan under a safe harbor provision, whereby the Company matches 100% of contributions by management and staffing employees up to 3% of each participating employee’s annual compensation; and 50% of the employee’s contributions up to an additional 2% of annual compensation. We made $413,000, $483,000 and $528,000 in matching contributions during 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Participants’ interests in Company safe harbor contributions to the plan are fully vested when made.

 

9. Commitments

Lease commitments

We lease office space for our branch offices under operating lease agreements that require minimum annual payments as follows (in thousands):

 

Year ending

    December 31,    

      

2011

   $ 2,346   

2012

     1,546   

2013

     768   

2014

     434   

2015

     361   

Thereafter

     89   
        
   $ 5,544   
        

Rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 was approximately $2.9 million, $2.9 million and $3.0 million, respectively.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

10. Related Party Transactions

During 2009, pursuant to the approval of all disinterested outside directors, the Company purchased 1.25 acres of river front property on the Columbia River in Washougal, Washington for a total cost of $1.5 million. The purchase was financed with cash of $1.0 million and a note payable of $500,000. The note payable is included in other long-term liabilities in the accompanying balance sheet and has been treated as a non-cash transaction for purposes of the statement of cash flows. Prior to his death on January 20, 2011, William W. Sherertz, previously the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, had planned to construct and operate a restaurant on the property under a triple net ground lease between the Company and the LLC he had formed with an outside third party. Mr. Sherertz’s estate now holds a majority interest in the LLC. The lease requires annual cash payments by the LLC of $25,000 through the end of 2011 and 5% of the restaurant’s gross receipts, if any, thereafter through the end of the lease in December 2020. The cost of the property is included in the Company’s other assets at December 31, 2010 and 2009. Mr. Sherertz’s estate also holds approximately 25 percent of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Common Stock.

 

11. Income Taxes

The provision for (benefit from) income taxes from continuing operations are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Year ended December 31,  
     2010      2009     2008  
            As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Current:

       

Federal

   $ 1,211       $ (3,339   $ 2,634   

State

     606         71        (342
                         
     1,817         (3,268     2,292   
                         

Deferred:

       

Federal

     601         623        1,195   

State

     156         47        263   
                         
     757         670        1,458   
                         

Total provision (benefit)

   $ 2,574       $ (2,598   $ 3,750   
                         

 

F-24


Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

11. Income Taxes (Continued)

 

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are comprised of the following components (in thousands):

 

     December 31,  
     2010     2009  
           As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Gross deferred income tax assets:

    

Workers’ compensation claims liabilities

   $ 3,449      $ 3,801   

Safety incentives payable

     1,993        1,474   

Allowance for doubtful accounts

     148        205   

Deferred compensation

     837        213   

Tax effect of unrealized losses, net

     926        1,213   

Federal credit carryforward

     -        229   

State credit carryforward

     63        86   

State loss carryforward

     11        62   

Other

     543        284   
                
     7,970        7,567   

Less valuation allowance

     890        1,382   
                
     7,080        6,185   
                

Gross deferred income tax liabilities:

    

Tax depreciation in excess of book depreciation

     (1,636     (1,167

Amortization of intangibles

     (7,184     (6,224
                
     (8,820     (7,391
                

Net deferred income tax liabilities

   $ (1,740   $ (1,206
                

The effective tax rate for continuing operations differed from the U.S. statutory federal tax rate due to the following:

 

     Year ended
December 31,
 
     2010     2009     2008  
           As Restated,
See Note 2
 

Statutory federal tax rate

     34.0     (34.0 )%      34.0

State taxes, net of federal benefit

     5.3        1.1        (.5

Valuation allowance on loss on impairment of investments

     (4.4     (1.5     15.1   

Adjustment for final positions on filed returns

     1.5        4.3        (3.1

Nondeductible expenses and other, net

     5.8        4.3        1.9   

Federal tax-exempt interest income

     (.7     (2.2     (4.9

Federal and state tax credits

     (15.6     (11.7     (3.9
                        
     25.9     (39.7 )%      38.6
                        

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

11. Income Taxes (Continued)

 

During 2008, the Company established a valuation allowance for certain deferred tax assets due to uncertainties regarding the Company’s ability to generate future taxable investment gains in order to utilize certain investment impairment losses and investment loss carryforwards for tax purposes. The realization of a significant portion of net deferred tax assets is based in part on our estimates of the timing of reversals of certain temporary differences and on the generation of taxable income before such reversals. At December 31, 2010, we maintained a valuation allowance for approximately $890,000 of federal and state tax benefits that are not expected to be utilized.

The Company is subject to income taxes in U.S. federal and multiple state and local tax jurisdictions. In the major jurisdictions where the Company operates, it is generally no longer subject to income tax examinations by tax authorities for years before 2007. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, we had no unrecognized tax benefits.

A portion of the consolidated income the Company generates is not subject to state income tax. Depending on the percentage of this income to total consolidated income, the Company’s state effective rate can vary from expectations. As a result of the mix of income subject to state income tax, the state tax benefit was reduced by approximately $50,000 in the current year and approximately $510,000 in 2009. In 2008, state tax expense decreased by approximately $857,000.

At December 31, 2010, the Company had capital loss carryforwards of approximately $2.2 million. Unless utilized in earlier tax years, the carryforwards expire in 2015. At December 31, 2010, the Company also had state tax loss carryforwards of $374,000, which expire in varying amounts between 2025 and 2030.

 

12. Stock Incentive Plans

The Company’s 2009 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”), which provides for stock-based awards to Company employees, non-employee directors and outside consultants or advisors, was approved by shareholders on May 13, 2009. No options have been issued to outside consultants or advisors. The number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2009 Plan is 1,000,000, of which the aggregate number of shares for which incentive stock options may be granted under the Plan is 900,000. No new grants of stock options may be made under the Company’s 2003 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2003 Plan”). At December 31, 2010, there were option awards covering 399,569 shares outstanding under the 2009 plan, together with the 2003 Plan and its predecessor, the 1993 Stock Incentive Plan. Outstanding options under all the plans generally expire ten years after the date of grant. Options are generally exercisable in four equal annual installments beginning one year after the date of grant.

The Company recognizes compensation expense for options awarded under its stock incentive plans based on the grant-date fair value. Compensation expense is attributed to earnings using the straight-line method over the requisite service period.

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

12. Stock Incentive Plans (Continued)

 

A summary of the status of the Company’s stock options at December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, together with changes during the periods then ended, is presented below:

 

     Number
of
options
    Weighted
average
exercise
price
 

Outstanding at December 31, 2007

     706,591     

Options granted at market price

     10,000      $ 11.97   

Options exercised

     (215,585     6.85   
          

Outstanding at December 31, 2008

     501,006     

Options granted at market price

     79,500        11.06   

Options exercised

     (265,187     2.14   
          

Outstanding at December 31, 2009

     315,319     

Options granted at market price

     87,000        13.43   

Options exercised

     (2,750     6.29   
          

Outstanding at December 31, 2010

     399,569     
          

Available for grant at December 31, 2010

     913,000     
          

The following table presents information on stock options outstanding for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009:

 

     Year Ended December 31,  
(in thousands, except share data)    2010      2009  

Intrinsic value of options exercised in the period

   $ 22       $ 681   
     As of December 31,  
     2010      2009  

Stock options:

     

Number of options

     399,569         315,319   

Options fully vested and currently exercisable

     247,944         228,319   

Weighted average exercise price

   $ 13.66       $ 13.83   

Aggregate intrinsic value

   $ 494       $ 226   

Weighted average contractual term of options

         6.14 years             6.27 years   

The aggregate intrinsic value of stock options represents the difference between the Company’s closing stock price at the end of the period and the relevant exercise price multiplied by the number of options outstanding at the end of the period at each such price.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

12. Stock Incentive Plans (Continued)

 

The fair value of the stock-based awards as determined under the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, granted in 2010, 2009 and 2008, was estimated with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     2010     2009     2008  

Expected volatility

     58.8     61.9     61.5

Risk free interest rate

     3.0     1.4     1.7

Expected dividend yield

     2.4     2.9     2.7

Expected term

     7 years        7.1 years        7.3 years   

Total fair value of options granted at market price was calculated as $486,000, $349,000 and $49,000 for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. There were no options granted during 2010, 2009 or 2008 below market price. The weighted average fair value per share of all options granted in 2010, 2009 and 2008 was $5.59, $4.39 and $4.91, respectively.

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to stock option awards for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 (in thousands):

 

     Year Ended
December 31,
 
     2010      2009      2008  

Stock-based compensation expense included in selling, general and administrative expenses

   $ 192       $ 100       $   -   

Deferred income taxes

     76         40         -   
                          

Stock-based compensation expense related to stock options, net of tax

   $ 116       $ 60       $ -   
                          

As of December 31, 2010, unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options was $586,000.

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at December 31, 2010:

 

Options outstanding

     Options exercisable  

Exercise price range

   Number
of
shares
     Weighted-
average
exercise
price
     Weighted-
average
remaining
contractual
life (years)
     Exercisable
at
December 31,
2010
     Weighted-
average
exercise
price
 

$2.00 - $  2.58

     12,625       $ 2.06         2.0         12,625       $ 2.06   

  8.82 -   17.50

     386,944         13.57         6.3         235,319         14.28   
                          
     399,569               247,944      
                          

 

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Table of Contents

Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

12. Stock Incentive Plans (Continued)

 

At December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, 247,944, 228,319, and 491,006 options were exercisable at weighted average per share exercise prices of $13.66, $13.83 and $6.85, respectively.

During 2009, 69,317 common shares were tendered to the Company to cover the exercise price of $162,000 related to the exercise of stock options and have been treated as non-cash for purposes of the statement of cash flows.

 

13. Stock Repurchase Program

The Company maintains a stock repurchase program approved by the Board of Directors which authorizes the repurchase of shares from time to time in open market purchases. Effective November 2007, the Board increased the authorized number of shares to be repurchased to 1.0 million shares, an increase to the original 500,000 share authorization. In October 2008, the Board approved a second increase in the authorized shares to be repurchased up to 3.0 million shares. The repurchase program currently allows for the repurchase of approximately 1.5 million additional shares as of December 31, 2010.

During 2010 and 2009, we repurchased 266,672 and 312,959 shares for weighted average prices of $12.79 and $9.62 per share, respectively.

 

14. Litigation

The Company is subject to legal proceedings and claims, which arise in the ordinary course of our business. In the opinion of management, the amount of ultimate liability with respect to currently pending or threatened actions is not expected to materially affect the financial position or results of operations of the Company.

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

15. Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)

The restated quarterly financial information is as follows:

(in thousands, except per share amounts and market price per share)

     First
Quarter
    Second
Quarter
    Third
Quarter
     Fourth
Quarter
 

Year ended December 31, 2010

         

Revenues

   $     58,260      $     67,432      $     73,876       $     73,555   

Cost of revenues

     52,895        55,700        59,832         59,956   

Net (loss) income

     (1,703     2,259        3,669         3,128   

Basic (loss) earnings per share

     (.16     .22        .36         .31   

Diluted (loss) earnings per share

     (.16     .22        .36         .30   

Common stock market prices:

         

High

   $ 14.50      $ 16.00      $ 15.60       $ 17.14   

Low

     11.15        12.18        12.25         14.36   

Year ended December 31, 2009

         

Revenues

   $ 51,072      $ 57,265      $ 65,494       $ 62,629   

Cost of revenues

     47,358        58,221        53,327         50,615   

Net (loss) income

     (3,159     (5,956     2,961         2,209   

Basic (loss) earnings per share

     (.30     (.57     .28         .21   

Diluted (loss) earnings per share

     (.30     (.57     .28         .21   

Common stock market prices:

         

High

   $ 12.00      $ 11.69      $ 11.30       $ 12.60   

Low

     7.92        9.31        9.47         10.07   

 

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Barrett Business Services, Inc.