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EX-31.1 - EX-31.1 - Verisk Analytics, Inc.y89886exv31w1.htm
EX-32.1 - EX-32.1 - Verisk Analytics, Inc.y89886exv32w1.htm
EX-23.1 - EX-23.1 - Verisk Analytics, Inc.y89886exv23w1.htm
EX-31.2 - EX-31.2 - Verisk Analytics, Inc.y89886exv31w2.htm
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 10-K
 
     
þ
  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
or
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from           to          
 
Commission file number 001-34480
VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
Delaware   26-2994223
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
545 Washington Boulevard Jersey City, NJ   07310-1686
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)
 
(201) 469-2000
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
     
Title of Each Class
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
 
Class A common stock $.001 par value
  NASDAQ Global Select Market
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.   Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                                            Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).       Yes o     No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.                             o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):
 
             
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).               Yes o    No þ
 
As of June 30, 2010, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $4,604,935,568 based on the closing price reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on such date.
 
The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of February 25, 2011 was:
 
     
Class
  Shares Outstanding
 
Class A common stock $.001 par value
  143,107,036
Class B (Series 1) common stock $.001 par value
  12,225,480
Class B (Series 2) common stock $.001 par value
  14,771,340
 
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Certain information required by Part III of this annual report on Form 10-K is incorporated by reference to our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2011 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after December 31, 2010.
 


 

 
INDEX
                 
        Page
 
PART I
  Item 1.     Business     3  
  Item 1A.     Risk Factors     16  
  Item 1B.     Unresolved Staff Comments     24  
  Item 2.     Properties     25  
  Item 3.     Legal Proceedings     25  
  Item 4.     Reserved     27  
 
PART II
  Item 5.     Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities     27  
  Item 6.     Selected Financial Data     29  
  Item 7.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     32  
  Item 7A.     Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     54  
  Item 8.     Financial Statements and Supplementary Data     54  
             Consolidated Balance Sheets     60  
             Consolidated Statements of Operations     61  
             Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Deficit     62  
             Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows     63  
             Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements     65  
  Item 9.     Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure     54  
  Item 9A.     Controls and Procedures     54  
  Item 9B.     Other Information     55  
 
PART III
  Item 10.     Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance     55  
  Item 11.     Executive Compensation     55  
  Item 12.     Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters     55  
  Item 13.     Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence     55  
  Item 14.     Principal Accounting Fees and Services     55  
 
PART IV
  Item 15.     Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules     55  
        SIGNATURES     111  
 EX-23.1
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1


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Unless the context otherwise indicates or requires, as used in this annual report on Form 10-K, references to “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” refer to Verisk Analytics, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
 
In this annual report on Form 10-K, all dollar amounts are expressed in thousands, unless indicated otherwise.
 
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Verisk Analytics, Inc., or Verisk, has made statements under the captions “Business,” “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and in other sections of this annual report on Form 10-K that are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue,” the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including those factors discussed under the caption entitled “Risk Factors.” You should specifically consider the numerous risks outlined under “Risk Factors.”
 
Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. We are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this annual report on Form 10-K to conform our prior statements to actual results or revised expectations.
 
PART I
 
Item 1.   Business
 
Our Company
 
Verisk Analytics, Inc. enables risk-bearing businesses to better understand and manage their risks. We provide value to our customers by supplying proprietary data that, combined with our analytic methods, creates embedded decision support solutions. We are the largest aggregator and provider of detailed actuarial and underwriting data pertaining to United States, or U.S., property and casualty, or P&C, insurance risks. We offer solutions for detecting fraud in the U.S. P&C insurance, healthcare and mortgage industries, and sophisticated methods to predict and quantify loss in diverse contexts ranging from natural catastrophes to health insurance.
 
Our customers use our solutions to make better risk decisions with greater efficiency and discipline. We refer to these products and services as ‘solutions’ due to the integration among our services and the flexibility that enables our customers to purchase components or the comprehensive package. These ‘solutions’ take various forms, including data, statistical models or tailored analytics, all designed to allow our clients to make more logical decisions. We believe our solutions for analyzing risk positively impact our customers’ revenues and help them better manage their costs. In 2010, our U.S. customers included all of the top 100 P&C insurance providers, numerous health plans and third-party administrators, five of the six leading mortgage insurers, and 16 of the top 20 mortgage lenders. We believe that our commitment to our customers and the embedded nature of our solutions serve to strengthen and extend our relationships.


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We help those businesses address what we believe are the four primary decision making processes essential for managing risk as set forth below in the Verisk Risk Analysis Framework:
 
The Verisk Risk Analysis Framework
 
(RISK ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK)
 
These four processes correspond to various functional areas inside our customers’ operations:
 
  •      our loss prediction solutions are typically used by P&C insurance and healthcare actuaries, advanced analytics groups and loss control groups to help drive their own assessments of future losses;
 
  •      our risk selection and pricing solutions are typically used by underwriters as they manage their books of business;
 
  •      our fraud detection and prevention tools are used by P&C insurance, healthcare and mortgage underwriters to root out fraud prospectively and by claims departments to speed claims and find fraud retroactively; and
 
  •      our tools to quantify loss are primarily used by claims departments, independent adjustors and contractors.
 
We add value by linking our solutions across these four key processes; for example, we use the same modeling methods to support the pricing of homeowner’s insurance policies and to quantify the actual losses when damage occurs to insured homes.
 
We offer our solutions and services primarily through annual subscriptions or long-term agreements, which are typically pre-paid and represented approximately 70.0% of our revenues in 2010. For the year ended December 31, 2010, we had revenues of $1,138.3 million and net income of $242.6 million. For the five year period ended December 31, 2010, our revenues and net income grew at a Compound Annual Growth Rate, or CAGR, of 11.7% and 14.9%, respectively.
 
Our History
 
We trace our history to 1971, when Insurance Services Office, Inc., or ISO, started operations as a not-for-profit advisory and rating organization providing services for the U.S. P&C insurance industry. ISO was formed as an association of insurance companies to gather statistical data and other information from insurers and report to regulators, as required by law. ISO’s original functions also included developing programs to help insurers define and manage insurance products and providing information to help insurers determine their own independent premium rates. Insurers used and continue to use our offerings primarily in their product development, underwriting and rating functions. Today, those businesses form the core of our Risk Assessment segment.
 
Over the past decade, we have transformed our business beyond its original functions by deepening and broadening our data assets, developing a set of integrated risk management solutions and services and addressing new markets through our Decision Analytics segment.
 
Our expansion into analytics began when we acquired the American Insurance Services Group, or AISG, and certain operations and assets of the National Insurance Crime Bureau in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Those organizations brought to the company large databases of insurance claims, as well as expertise in detecting and preventing claims fraud. To further expand our Decision Analytics segment, we acquired AIR Worldwide, or AIR, in 2002, the technological leader in catastrophe modeling. In 2004, we entered the healthcare space by acquiring several businesses that now offer web-based analytical and reporting systems for health insurers, provider organizations and self-insured employers. In 2005 we entered the mortgage sector, acquiring the first of several businesses that now provide automated fraud detection,


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compliance and decision support solutions for the U.S. mortgage industry. In 2006, to bolster our position in the claims field we acquired Xactware, a leading supplier of estimating software for professionals involved in building repair and reconstruction. In 2010, we acquired 3E Company, creating a scale presence in supply chain and environmental health and safety.
 
These acquisitions have added scale, geographic reach, highly skilled workforces, and a wide array of new capabilities to our Decision Analytics segment. They have helped to make us a leading provider of information and decision analytics for customers involved in the business of risk in the U.S. and selectively around the world.
 
Our senior management operating team, which includes our chief executive officer, chief financial officer, chief operating officer, general counsel, and three senior officers who lead our business units, have been with us for an average of almost twenty years. This team has led our transformation to a successful for-profit entity, focused on growth with our U.S. P&C insurer customers and expansion into a variety of new markets.
 
On May 23, 2008, in contemplation of our initial public offering, or IPO, ISO formed Verisk Analytics, Inc., or Verisk, a Delaware corporation, to be the holding company for our business. Verisk was initially formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ISO. On October 6, 2009, in connection with our IPO, the company effected a reorganization whereby ISO became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verisk. Verisk Class A common stock began trading on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on October 7, 2009 under the symbol “VRSK.”
 
Segments
 
We organize our business in two segments: Risk Assessment and Decision Analytics.
 
Risk Assessment Segment
 
Our Risk Assessment segment serves our P&C insurance customers and focuses on the first two decision making processes in our Risk Analysis Framework: loss prediction and selection and pricing of risk. Within this segment, we also provide solutions to help our insurance customers comply with their reporting requirements in each U.S. state in which they operate. Our customers include most of the P&C insurance providers in the U.S.
 
Industry-Standard Insurance Programs
 
We are the recognized leader in the U.S. for industry-standard insurance programs that help P&C insurers define coverages and issue policies. Our policy language, prospective loss cost information and policy writing rules can serve as integrated turnkey insurance programs for our customers. Insurance companies need to ensure that their policy language, rules, and rates comply with all applicable legal and regulatory requirements. Insurers must also make sure their policies remain competitive by promptly changing coverages in response to changes in statutes or case law. To meet their needs, we process and interface with state regulators on average over 4,000 filings each year, ensuring smooth implementation of our rules and forms. When insurers choose to develop their own alternative programs, our industry-standard insurance programs also help regulators make sure that such insurers’ policies meet basic coverage requirements.
 
Standardized coverage language, which has been tested in litigation and tailored to reflect judicial interpretation, helps to ensure consistent treatment of claimants. As a result, our industry-standard language also simplifies claim settlements and can reduce the occurrence of costly litigation, because our language causes the meaning of coverage terminology to become established and known. Our policy language includes standard coverage language, endorsements and policy writing support language that assist our customers in understanding the risks they assume and the coverages they are offering. With these policy programs, insurers also benefit from economies of scale. We have over 200 specialized lawyers and insurance experts reviewing changes in each state’s insurance rules and regulations, including on average over 11,200 legislative bills,


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1,100 regulatory actions and 2,000 court cases per year, to make any required changes to our policy language and rating information.
 
To cover the wide variety of risks in the marketplace, we offer a broad range of policy programs. For example, in the homeowner’s line of insurance, we maintain policy language and rules for six basic coverages, 178 national endorsements, and 495 state-specific endorsements. Overall, we provide policy language, prospective loss costs, policy writing rules, and a variety of other solutions for 25 lines of insurance.
 
Property-Specific Rating and Underwriting Information
 
We gather information on individual properties and communities so that insurers can use our information to evaluate and price personal and commercial property insurance, as well as commercial liability insurance. Our property-specific rating and underwriting information allow our customers to understand, quantify, underwrite, mitigate, and avoid potential loss for residential and commercial properties. Our database contains loss costs and other vital information on approximately 3.0 million commercial buildings in the United States and also holds information on approximately 5.8 million individual businesses occupying those buildings. We have a staff of approximately 600 field representatives strategically located around the United States who observe and report on conditions at commercial and residential properties, evaluate community fire-protection capabilities and assess the effectiveness of municipal building-code enforcement. Each year, our field staff visits over 350,000 commercial properties to collect information on new buildings and verify building attributes.
 
We also provide proprietary analytic measures of the ability of individual communities to mitigate losses from important perils. Nearly every property insurer in the U.S. uses our evaluations of community firefighting capabilities to help determine premiums for fire insurance throughout the country. We provide field-verified and validated data on the fire protection services for more than 46,000 fire response jurisdictions. We also offer services to evaluate the effectiveness of community enforcement of building codes and the efforts of communities to mitigate damage from flooding. Further, we provide information on the insurance rating territories, premium taxes, crime risk, and hazards of windstorm, earthquake, wildfire, and other perils. To supplement our data on specific commercial properties and individual communities, we have assembled, from a variety of internal and third-party sources, information on hazards related to geographic locations representing every postal address in the U.S. Insurers use this information not only for policy quoting but also for analyzing risk concentration in geographical areas.
 
Statistical Agent and Data Services
 
The P&C insurance industry is heavily regulated in the U.S. P&C insurers are required to collect statistical data about their premiums and losses and to report that data to regulators in every state in which they operate. Our statistical agent services have enabled P&C insurers to meet these regulatory requirements for over 30 years. We aggregate the data and, as a licensed “statistical agent” in all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia, we report these statistics to insurance regulators. We are able to capture significant economies of scale given the level of penetration of this service within the U.S. P&C insurance industry.
 
To provide our customers and the regulators the information they require, we maintain one of the largest private databases in the world. Over the past four decades, we have developed core expertise in acquiring, processing, managing, and operating large and comprehensive databases that are the foundation of our Risk Assessment segment. We use our proprietary technology to assemble, organize and update vast amounts of detailed information submitted by our customers. We supplement this data with publicly available information.
 
Each year, P&C insurers send us approximately 2.8 billion detailed individual records of insurance transactions, such as insurance premiums collected or losses incurred. We maintain a database of over 15.8 billion statistical records, including approximately 5.9 billion commercial lines records and approximately 9.9 billion personal lines records. We collect unit-transaction detail of each premium and loss record, which enhances the validity, reliability and accuracy of our data sets and our actuarial analyses. Our proprietary quality process includes almost 2,500 separate checks to ensure that data meet our high standards of quality.


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Actuarial Services
 
We provide actuarial services to help our customers price their risks as they underwrite. We project future losses and loss expenses utilizing a broad set of data. These projections tend to be more reliable than if our customers used solely their own data. We provide loss costs by coverage, class, territory, and many other categories. Our customers can use our estimates of future loss costs in making independent decisions about the prices charged for their policies. For most P&C insurers, in most lines of business, we believe our loss costs are an essential input to rating decisions. We make a number of actuarial adjustments, including loss development and loss adjustment expenses before the data is used to estimate future loss costs. Our actuarial services are also used to create the analytics underlying our industry-standard insurance programs described below.
 
Using our large database of premium and loss data, our actuaries are able to perform sophisticated analyses using our predictive models and analytic methods to help our P&C insurance customers with pricing, loss reserving, and marketing. We distribute a number of actuarial products and offer flexible services to meet our customers’ needs. In addition, our actuarial consultants provide customized services for our clients that include assisting them with the development of independent insurance programs, analysis of their own underwriting experience, development of classification systems and rating plans, and a wide variety of other business decisions. We also supply information to a wide variety of customers in other markets including reinsurance, government agencies and real estate.
 
Decision Analytics Segment
 
In the Decision Analytics segment, we support all four phases of our Risk Analysis Framework. We develop predictive models to forecast scenarios and produce both standard and customized analytics that help our customers better predict loss, select and price risk, detect fraud before and after a loss event, and quantify losses.
 
(FLOW CHART)
 
As we develop our models to quantify loss and detect fraud, we improve our ability to predict the loss and prevent the fraud from happening. We believe this provides us with a significant competitive advantage over firms that do not offer solutions which operate both before and after loss events.
 
Fraud Identification and Detection Solutions
 
P&C Insurance
 
We are a leading provider of fraud-detection tools for the P&C insurance industry. Our fraud solutions improve our customers’ profitability by both predicting the likelihood that fraud is occurring and detecting suspicious activity after it has occurred. When a claim is submitted, our system searches our database and returns information about other claims filed by the same individuals or businesses (either as


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claimants or insurers) that help our customers determine if fraud has occurred. The system searches for matches in identifying information fields, such as name, address, Social Security number, vehicle identification number, driver’s license number, tax identification number, or other parties to the loss. Our system also includes advanced name and address searching to perform intelligent searches and improve the overall quality of the matches. Information from match reports speeds payment of meritorious claims while providing a defense against fraud and can lead to denial of a claim, negotiation of a reduced award or further investigation by the insurer or law enforcement.
 
We have a comprehensive system used by claims adjusters and investigations professionals to process claims and fight fraud. Claims databases are one of the key tools in the fight against insurance fraud. The benefits of a single all-claims database include improved efficiency in reporting data and searching for information, enhanced capabilities for detecting suspicious claims and superior information for investigating fraudulent claims, suspicious individuals and possible fraud rings. Our database contains information on more than 700 million claims and is the world’s largest database of claims information. Insurers and other participants submit new claim reports, more than 239,000 a day on average, across all categories of the U.S. P&C insurance industry.
 
We also provide a service allowing insurers to report thefts of automobiles and property, improving the chances of recovering those items; a service that helps owners and insurers recover stolen heavy construction and agricultural equipment; an expert scoring system that helps distinguish between suspicious and meritorious claims; and products that use link-analysis technology to help visualize and fight insurance fraud.
 
Mortgage
 
We are a leading provider of automated fraud detection, compliance and decision-support tools for the mortgage industry. Utilizing our own loan level application database combined with actual mortgage loan performance data, we have established a risk scoring system which increases our customers’ ability to detect fraud. We provide solutions that detect fraud through each step of the mortgage lifecycle and provide regulatory compliance solutions that perform instant compliance reviews of each mortgage application. Our fraud solutions can improve our customers’ profitability by predicting the likelihood that a customer account is experiencing fraud. Our solution analyzes customer transactions in real time and generates recommendations for immediate action which are critical to stopping fraud and abuse. These applications can also detect some organized fraud schemes that are too complex and well-hidden to be identified by other methods.
 
Effective fraud detection relies on pattern identification, which in turn requires us to identify, isolate and track mortgage applications through time. Histories of multiple loans, both valid and fraudulent, are required to compare a submitted loan both to actual data and heuristic analyses. For this reason, unless fraud detection solutions are fueled by comprehensive data, their practicality is limited. Our proprietary database contains more than 18 million current and historical loan applications collected over the past ten years. This database contains data from loan applications as well as supplementary third-party data.
 
Our technology employs sophisticated models to identify patterns in the data. Our solution provides a score, which predicts whether the information provided by a mortgage applicant is correct. Working with data obtained through our partnership with a credit bureau, we have demonstrated a strong correlation between fraudulent information in the application and the likelihood of both foreclosure and early payment default on loans. We believe our solution is based upon a more comprehensive set of loan level information than any other provider in the mortgage industry.
 
We also provide forensic audit services for the mortgage origination and mortgage insurance industries. Our predictive screening tools predict which defaulted loans are the most likely candidates for full audits for the purpose of detecting fraud. We then generate detailed audit reports on defaulted mortgage loans. Those reports serve as a key component of the loss mitigation strategies of mortgage loan insurers. The recent turmoil in the mortgage industry has created an opportunity for growth in demand for our services, as we believe most mortgage insurers do not have the in-house capacity to respond to and properly review all of their defaulted loans for evidence of fraud.


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Healthcare
 
We offer solutions that help healthcare claims payors detect fraud, abuse and overpayment. Our approach combines computer-based modeling and profiling of claims with analysis performed by clinical experts. We run our customers’ claims through our proprietary analytic system to identify potential fraud, abuse and overpayment, and then a registered nurse, physician or other clinical specialist skilled in coding and reimbursement decisions reviews all suspect claims and billing patterns. This combination of system and human review is unique in the industry and we believe offers improved accuracy for paying claims.
 
We analyze the patterns of claims produced by individual physicians, physicians’ practices, hospitals, dentists, and pharmacies to locate the sources of fraud. After a suspicious source of claims is identified, our real-time analytic solutions investigate each claim individually for particular violations, including upcoding, multiple billings, services claimed but not rendered, and billing by unlicensed providers. By finding the individual claims with the most cost-recovery potential and also minimizing the number of false-positive indications of fraud, we enable the special investigation units of healthcare payors to efficiently control their claims costs while maintaining high levels of customer service to their insurers.
 
We also offer web-based reporting tools that let payors take definitive action to prevent overpayments or payment of fraudulent claims. The tools provide the documentation that helps to identify, investigate and prevent abusive and fraudulent activity by providers.
 
Loss Prediction
 
P&C Insurance
 
We pioneered the field of probabilistic catastrophe modeling used by insurers, reinsurers and financial institutions to manage their catastrophe risk. Our models of global natural hazards, which form the basis of our solutions, enable companies to identify, quantify and plan for the financial consequences of catastrophic events. We have developed models, covering natural hazards, including hurricanes, earthquakes, winter storms, tornadoes, hailstorms, and flood, for potential loss events in more than 50 countries. We have also developed and introduced a probabilistic terrorism model capable of quantifying the risk in the U.S. from this emerging threat, which supports pricing and underwriting decisions down to the level of an individual policy.
 
Healthcare
 
We are a leading provider of healthcare business intelligence and predictive modeling. We provide analytical and reporting systems to health insurers, provider organizations and self-insured employers. Those organizations use our solutions to review their healthcare data, including information on claims, membership, providers and utilization, and provide cost trends, forecasts and actuarial, financial and utilization analyses.
 
For example, our solutions allow our customers to predict medical costs and improve the financing and organization of health services. Our predictive models help our customers identify high-cost cases for care- and disease-management intervention, compare providers adjusting for differences in health, predict resource use for individuals and populations, establish health-based and performance-based payments, negotiate payments and incentives, negotiate premium rates, and measure return on investment.
 
We also provide our customers healthcare consulting services using complex clinical analyses to uncover reasons behind cost and utilization increases. Physicians and hospitals are adopting and acquiring new technologies, drugs and devices more rapidly than ever before. We provide financial and actuarial consulting, clinical consulting, technical and implementation services and training services to help our customers manage costs and risks to their practices.


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Loss Quantification
 
P&C Insurance
 
We provide data, analytic and networking products for professionals involved in estimating all phases of building repair and reconstruction. We provide solutions for every phase of a building’s life, including:
 
  •      estimating replacement costs during the insurance underwriting process;
 
  •      quantifying the ultimate cost of repair or reconstruction of damaged or destroyed buildings;
 
  •      aiding in the settlement of insurance claims; and
 
  •      tracking the process of repair or reconstruction and facilitating communication among insurers, adjusters, contractors and policyholders.
 
To help our customers estimate repair costs, we also provide a solution that assists contractors and insurance adjusters to estimate repairs using a patented plan-sketching program. The program allows our customers to sketch floor plans, roof plans and wall-framing plans and automatically calculates material and labor quantities for the construction of walls, floors, footings and roofs.
 
We also offer our customers access to wholesale and retail price lists, which include structural repair and restoration pricing for 467 separate economic areas in North America. We revise this information monthly and, in the aftermath of a major disaster, we can update the price lists as often as weekly to reflect rapid price changes. Our structural repair and cleaning database contains more than 13,000 unit-cost line items. For each line item such as smoke cleaning, water extraction and hazardous cleanup, we provide time and material pricing, including labor, labor productivity rates (for new construction and restoration), labor burden and overhead, material costs, and equipment costs. We improve our pricing data by analyzing the actual claims experience of our customers to verify our estimates. We estimate that more than 75.0% of all homeowners’ claims settled in the U.S. annually use our solution. Such a large percentage of the industry’s claims leads to accurate pricing information, which we believe is unmatched in the industry.
 
Our estimates allow our customers to set loss reserves, deploy field adjusters and verify internal company estimates. Our estimates also keep insurers, their customers, regulators, and other interested parties informed about the total costs of disasters. We also provide our customers access to daily reports on severe weather and catastrophes and we maintain a database of information on catastrophe losses in the U.S. since 1950.
 
Our Growth Strategy
 
Over the past five years, we have grown our revenues at a CAGR of 11.7% through the successful execution of our business plan. These results reflect strong organic revenue growth, new product development and selected acquisitions. We have made, and continue to make, investments in people, data sets, analytic solutions, technology, and complementary businesses. The key components of our strategy include:
 
Increase Sales to Insurance Customers.  We expect to expand the application of our solutions in insurance customers’ internal risk and underwriting processes. Building on our deep knowledge of, and embedded position in, the insurance industry, we expect to sell more solutions to existing customers tailored to individual insurance segments. By increasing the breadth and relevance of our offerings, we believe we can strengthen our relationships with customers and increase our value to their decision making in critical ways.
 
Develop New, Proprietary Data Sets and Predictive Analytics.  We work with our customers to understand their evolving needs. We plan to create new solutions by enriching our mix of proprietary data sets, analytic solutions and effective decision support across the markets we serve. We constantly seek to add new data sets that can further leverage our analytic methods, technology platforms and intellectual capital.


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Leverage Our Intellectual Capital to Expand into Adjacent Markets and New Customer Sectors.  Our organization is built on nearly four decades of intellectual property in risk management. We believe we can continue to profitably expand the use of our intellectual capital and apply our analytic methods in new markets, where significant opportunities for long-term growth exist. We have already demonstrated the effectiveness of this strategy with our expansion into healthcare and non-insurance financial services. We also continue to pursue growth through targeted international expansion.
 
Pursue Strategic Acquisitions that Complement Our Leadership Positions.  We will continue to expand our data and analytics capabilities across industries. While we expect this will occur primarily through organic growth, we have and will continue to acquire assets and businesses that strengthen our value proposition to customers. We have developed an internal capability to source, evaluate and integrate acquisitions that have created value for shareholders.
 
Our Customers
 
Risk Assessment Customers
 
The customers in our Risk Assessment segment include the top 100 P&C insurance providers in the United States. Our statistical agent services are used by a substantial majority of P&C insurance providers in the U.S. to report to regulators. Our actuarial services and industry-standard insurance programs are used by the majority of insurers and reinsurers in the U.S. In addition, certain agencies of the federal government, as well as county and state governmental agencies and organizations, use our solutions to help satisfy government needs for risk assessment and emergency response information. In 2010 our largest Risk Assessment customer accounted for 4.8% of segment revenues and our top ten customers accounted for 26.9% of segment revenues. See Item 13. “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence — Customer Relationships” for more information on our relationship with our principal stockholders.
 
Decision Analytics Customers
 
In the Decision Analytics segment, we provide our P&C insurance solutions to the majority of the P&C insurers in the U.S. Specifically, our claims database serves thousands of customers, representing nearly 93.0% of the P&C insurance industry by premium volume, 26 state workers’ compensation insurance funds, 607 self-insurers, 455 third-party administrators, several state fraud bureaus, and many law-enforcement agencies involved in investigation and prosecution of insurance fraud. Also, P&C insurance companies using our building and repair solutions represent over 75.0% of the property market in the U.S. We estimate that more than 80.0% of insurance repair contractors and service providers in the U.S. and Canada with computerized estimating systems use our building and repair pricing data.
 
In the U.S. healthcare industry, our customers include numerous health plans and third party administrators. In the U.S. mortgage industry, we have more than 900 customers. We provide our solutions to 16 of the top 20 mortgage lenders and five of the top six mortgage insurers. We have been providing services to mortgage insurers for over 20 years. In 2010, our largest customer in the Decision Analytics segment accounted for 9.0% of segment revenues and our top ten Decision Analytics customers accounted for 29.6% of segment revenues.
 
Our Competitors
 
We believe no single competitor currently offers the same scope of services and market coverage we provide. The breadth of markets we serve exposes us to a broad range of competitors.
 
Risk Assessment Competitors
 
Our Risk Assessment segment operates primarily in the U.S. P&C insurance industry, where we enjoy a leading market presence. We have a number of competitors in specific lines or services.


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We encounter competition from a number of sources, including insurers who develop internal technology and actuarial methods for proprietary insurance programs. Competitors also include other statistical agents, including the National Independent Statistical Service, the Independent Statistical Service and other advisory organizations, providing underwriting rules, prospective loss costs and coverage language such as the American Association of Insurance Services and Mutual Services Organization, although we believe none of our competitors has the breadth or depth of data we have.
 
Competitors for our property-specific rating and underwriting information are primarily limited to a number of regional providers of commercial property inspections and surveys, including Overland Solutions, Inc. and Regional Reporting, Inc. We also compete with a variety of organizations that offer consulting services, primarily specialty technology and consulting firms. In addition, a customer may use its own internal resources rather than engage an outside firm for these services. Our competitors also include information technology product and services vendors including CDS, Inc., management and strategy consulting firms including Deloitte Consulting LLP, and smaller specialized information technology firms and analytical services firms including Pinnacle Consulting and EMB.
 
Decision Analytics Competitors
 
In the P&C insurance claims market and catastrophe modeling market, certain products are offered by a number of companies, including Risk Management Solutions (catastrophe modeling), LexisNexis/ChoicePoint (loss histories and motor vehicle records for personal lines underwriting), MSB (property value and claims estimator), and Explore Information Services (personal automobile underwriting). We believe that our P&C insurance industry expertise, combined with our ability to offer multiple applications, services and integrated solutions to individual customers, enhances our competitiveness against these competitors with more limited offerings. In the healthcare market, certain products are offered by a number of companies, including Computer Sciences Corporation (evaluation of bodily injury and workers’ compensation claims), Fair Isaac Corporation (workers’ compensation and healthcare claims cost containment) and Ingenix, McKesson and Medstat (healthcare predictive modeling and business intelligence). Competitive factors include application features and functions, ease of delivery and integration, ability of the provider to maintain, enhance and support the applications or services and price. In the mortgage analytics solutions market, our competitors include CoreLogic and DataVerify Corporation (mortgage lending fraud identification). We believe that none of our competitors in the mortgage analytics market offers the same combination of expertise in fraud detection analytics and forensic audit capabilities.
 
Development of New Solutions
 
We take a market-focused team approach to developing our solutions. Our operating units are responsible for developing, reviewing and enhancing our various products and services. Our data management and production team designs and manages our processes and systems for market data procurement, proprietary data production and quality control. Our Enterprise Data Management, or EDM, team supports our efforts to create new information and products from available data and explores new methods of collecting data. EDM is focused on understanding and documenting business-unit and corporate data assets and data issues; sharing and combining data assets across the enterprise; creating an enterprise data strategy; facilitating research and product development; and promoting cross-enterprise communication. Our ISO Innovative Analytics, or IIA, team is a center of excellence inside the corporation for developing analytical methods in applying modeling techniques to predict risk outcomes.
 
Our software development team builds the technology used in many of our solutions. As part of our product-development process, we continually solicit feedback from our customers on the value of our products and services and the market’s needs. We have established an extensive system of customer advisory panels, which meet regularly throughout the year to help us respond effectively to the needs of our markets. In addition, we use frequent sales calls, executive visits, user group meetings, and other industry forums to gather information to match the needs of the market with our product development efforts. We also use a variety of market research techniques to enhance our understanding of our clients and the markets in which they operate.


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We also add to our offerings through an active acquisition program. Since 2006, we have acquired 15 businesses, which have allowed us to enter new markets, offer new products and enhance the value of existing products with additional proprietary sources of data.
 
When we find it advantageous, we augment our proprietary data sources and systems by forming alliances with other leading information providers and technology companies and integrating their product offerings into our offerings. This approach gives our customers the opportunity to obtain the information they need from a single source and more easily integrate the information into their workflows.
 
Sales, Marketing and Customer Support
 
We sell our products and services primarily through direct interaction with our clients. We employ a three-tier sales structure that includes salespeople, product specialists and sales support. As of December 31, 2010, we had a sales force of 268 people. Within the company, several areas have sales teams that specialize in specific products and services. These specialized sales teams sell specific, highly technical product sets to targeted markets.
 
To provide account management to our largest customers, we segment the insurance carrier market into three groups. Tier One or “National” Accounts constitutes our largest customers, Tier Two or “Strategic” Accounts represents both larger carrier groups and middle-market carriers. Tier Three are the small insurance companies that may represent one line of business and/or regional writers for a few states. A Sales Generalist is assigned to every insurer account and is responsible for our overall relationship with these insurance companies. Our senior executives are also involved with the senior management of our customers.
 
Salespeople participate in both customer-service and sales activities. They provide direct support, interacting frequently with assigned customers to assure a positive experience using our services. Salespeople primarily seek out new sales opportunities and work with the various sales teams to coordinate sales activity and provide the best solutions for our customers. We believe our salespeople’s product knowledge and local presence differentiates us from our competition. Product specialists are subject-matter experts and work with salespeople on specific opportunities for their assigned products. Both salespeople and product specialists have responsibility for identifying new sales opportunities. A team approach and a common customer relationship management system allow for effective coordination between the two groups.
 
Sources of our Data
 
The data we use to perform our analytics and power our solutions are sourced through six different kinds of data arrangements. First, we gather data from our customers within agreements that also permit our customers to use the solutions created upon their data. These agreements remain in effect unless the data contributor chooses to opt out and represent our primary method of data gathering. It is very rare that contributors elect not to continue providing us data. Second, we have agreements with data contributors in which we specify the particular uses of their data and provide to the data contributors their required levels of privacy, protection of data and where necessary de-identification of data. These agreements represent no cost to us and generally feature a specified period of time for the data contributions and require renewal. Third, we “mine” data found inside the transactions supported by our solutions; as an example, we utilize the claims settlement data generated inside our repair cost estimating solution to improve the cost factors used in our models. Again, these arrangements represent no cost to us and we obtain the consent of our customers to make use of their data in this way. Fourth, we source data generally at no cost from public sources including federal, state and local governments. Fifth, we gather data about the physical characteristics of commercial properties through the direct observation of our field staff that also perform property surveys at the request of, and facilitated by, property insurers. Lastly, we purchase data from data aggregators under contracts that reflect prevailing market pricing for the data elements purchased, including county tax assessor records, descriptions of hazards such as flood plains and professional licenses. In all our modes of data collection, we are the owners of whatever derivative solutions we create using the data. Our costs of data received from our customers were 1.7% and 1.9% of revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.


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Information Technology
 
Technology
 
Our information technology systems are fundamental to our success. They are used for the storage, processing, access and delivery of the data which forms the foundation of our business and the development and delivery of our solutions provided to our clients. Much of the technology we use and provide to our customers is developed, maintained and supported by approximately 1,050 employees. We generally own or have secured ongoing rights to use for the purposes of our business all the customer-facing applications which are material to our operations. We support and implement a mix of technologies, focused on implementing the most efficient technology for any given business requirement or task.
 
Data Centers
 
We have two primary data centers in Jersey City, New Jersey and Orem, Utah. In addition, we have data centers dedicated to certain business units, including AIR and Verisk Health in Boston and AISG Claimsearch in Israel. In addition to these key data centers, we also have a number of smaller data centers located in other states.
 
Disaster Recovery
 
We are committed to a framework for business continuity management and carry out annual reviews of the state of preparedness of each business unit. All of our critical databases, systems and contracted client services are also regularly recovered. We also have documented disaster recovery plans in place for each of our major data centers and each of our solutions. Our primary data center recovery site is in New York State, approximately 50 miles northwest of Jersey City, New Jersey.
 
Security
 
We have adopted a wide range of measures to ensure the security of our IT infrastructure and data. Security measures generally cover the following key areas: physical security; logical security of the perimeter; network security such as firewalls; logical access to the operating systems; deployment of virus detection software; and appropriate policies and procedures relating to removable media such as laptops. All laptops are encrypted and media leaving our premises that is sent to a third-party storage facility is also encrypted. This commitment has led us to achieve certification from CyberTrust (an industry leader in information security certification) since 2002.
 
Intellectual Property
 
We own a significant number of intellectual property rights, including copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets and patents. Specifically, our policy language, insurance manuals, software and databases are protected by both registered and common law copyrights, and the licensing of those materials to our customers for their use represents a large portion of our revenue. We also own in excess of 500 trademarks in the U.S. and foreign countries, including the names of our products and services and our logos and tag lines, many of which are registered. We believe many of our trademarks, trade names, service marks and logos to be of material importance to our business as they assist our customers in identifying our products and services and the quality that stands behind them. We consider our intellectual property to be proprietary, and we rely on a combination of statutory (e.g., copyright, trademark, trade secret and patent) and contractual safeguards in a comprehensive intellectual property enforcement program to protect them wherever they are used.
 
We also own several software method and processing patents and have several pending patent applications in the U.S. that complement our products. The patents and patent applications include claims which pertain to technology, including a patent for our Claims Outcome Advisor software, and for our Xactware Sketch product. We believe the protection of our proprietary technology is important to our success and we will continue to seek to protect those intellectual property assets for which we have expended substantial research and development capital and which are material to our business.


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In order to maintain control of our intellectual property, we enter into license agreements with our customers, granting each customer a license to use our products and services, including our software and databases. This helps to maintain the integrity of our proprietary intellectual property and to protect the embedded information and technology contained in our solutions. As a general practice, employees, contractors and other parties with access to our proprietary information sign agreements that prohibit the unauthorized use or disclosure of our proprietary rights, information and technology.
 
Employees
 
As of December 31, 2010, we employed 4,706 full-time and 184 part-time employees. None of our employees are represented by unions. We consider our relationship with our employees to be good and have not experienced interruptions of operations due to labor disagreements.
 
Our employees include over 200 actuarial professionals, including 43 Fellows and 27 Associates of the Casualty Actuarial Society, as well as 143 Chartered Property Casualty Underwriters, 17 Certified and 22 Associate Insurance Data Managers, and over 565 professionals with advanced degrees, including PhDs in mathematics and statistical modeling who review both the data and the models.
 
Regulation
 
Because our business involves the distribution of certain personal, public and non-public data to businesses and governmental entities that make eligibility, service and marketing decisions based on such data, certain of our solutions and services are subject to regulation under federal, state and local laws in the United States and, to a lesser extent, foreign countries. Examples of such regulation include the Fair Credit Reporting Act, which regulates the use of consumer credit report information; the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which regulates the use of non-public personal financial information held by financial institutions and applies indirectly to companies that provide services to financial institutions; the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, which restricts the public disclosure of patient information and applies indirectly to companies that provide services to healthcare businesses; the Drivers Privacy Protection Act, which prohibits the public disclosure, use or resale by any state’s department of motor vehicles of personal information about an individual that was obtained by the department in connection with a motor vehicle record, except for a “permissible purpose” and various other federal, state and local laws and regulations.
 
These laws generally restrict the use and disclosure of personal information and provide consumers certain rights to know the manner in which their personal information is being used, to challenge the accuracy of such information and/or to prevent the use and disclosure of such information. In certain instances, these laws also impose requirements for safeguarding personal information through the issuance of data security standards or guidelines. Certain state laws impose similar privacy obligations, as well as obligations to provide notification of security breaches in certain circumstances.
 
We are also licensed as a rating, rate service, advisory or statistical organization under state insurance codes in all fifty states, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands and the District of Columbia. As such an advisory organization, we provide statistical, actuarial, policy language development and related products and services to property/casualty insurers, including advisory prospective loss costs, other prospective cost information, manual rules and policy language. We also serve as an officially designated statistical agent of state insurance regulators to collect policy-writing and loss statistics of individual insurers and compile that information into reports used by the regulators.
 
Many of our products, services and operations as well as insurer use of our services are subject to state rather than federal regulation by virtue of the McCarran-Ferguson Act. As a result, many of our operations and products are subject to review and/or approval by state regulators. Furthermore, our operations involving licensed advisory organization activities are subject to periodic examinations conducted by state regulators and our operations and products are subject to state antitrust and trade practice statutes within or outside state insurance codes, which are typically enforced by state attorneys general and/or insurance regulators.


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Available Information
 
We maintain an Investor Relations website on the Internet at investor.verisk.com. We make available free of charge, on or through this website, our annual, quarterly, and current reports and any amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable following the time they are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. To access these, click on the “Financial Information” — “SEC Filings” link found on our Investor Relations homepage. Verisk trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the ticker symbol “VRSK.” Our stock was first publicly traded on October 7, 2009.
 
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
 
You should carefully consider the following risks and all of the other information set forth in this annual report on Form 10-K before deciding to invest in shares of our Class A common stock. If any of the following risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations would likely suffer. In such case, the trading price of our Class A common stock could decline due to any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment.
 
We could lose our access to data from external sources which could prevent us from providing our solutions.
 
We depend upon data from external sources, including data received from customers and various government and public record services, for information used in our databases. In general, we do not own the information in these databases, and the participating organizations could discontinue contributing information to the databases. Our data sources could withdraw or increase the price for their data for a variety of reasons, and we could also become subject to legislative or judicial restrictions on the use of such data, in particular if such data is not collected by the third parties in a way which allows us to legally use and/or process the data. In addition, some of our customers are significant stockholders of our company. Specifically, all of our outstanding Class B common stock is owned by insurers who are also our customers and provide us with a significant percentage of our data. If our customers’ percentage of ownership of our common stock decreases in the future, there can be no assurance that our customers will continue to provide data to the same extent or on the same terms. If a substantial number of data sources, or certain key sources, were to withdraw or be unable to provide their data, or if we were to lose access to data due to government regulation or if the collection of data became uneconomical, our ability to provide solutions to our customers could be impacted, which could materially adversely affect our business, reputation, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
 
Agreements with our data suppliers are short-term agreements. Some suppliers are also competitors, which may make us vulnerable to unpredictable price increases and may cause some suppliers not to renew certain agreements. Our competitors could also enter into exclusive contracts with our data sources. If our competitors enter into such exclusive contracts, we may be precluded from receiving certain data from these suppliers or restricted in our use of such data, which would give our competitors an advantage. Such a termination or exclusive contracts could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, and operating results if we were unable to arrange for substitute sources.
 
We derive a substantial portion of our revenues from U.S. P&C primary insurers. If the downturn in the U.S. insurance industry continues or that industry does not continue to accept our solutions, our revenues will decline.
 
Revenues derived from solutions we provide to U.S. P&C primary insurers account for a substantial portion of our total revenues. During the year ended December 31, 2010, approximately 57% of our revenue was derived from solutions provided to U.S. P&C primary insurers. Also, sales of certain of our solutions are tied to premiums in the U.S. P&C insurance market, which may rise or fall in any given year due to loss experience and capital capacity and other factors in the insurance industry beyond our control. In addition, our


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revenues will decline if the insurance industry does not continue to accept our solutions. Factors that might affect the acceptance of these solutions by P&C primary insurers include the following:
 
  •      changes in the business analytics industry;
 
  •      changes in technology;
 
  •      our inability to obtain or use state fee schedule or claims data in our insurance solutions;
 
  •      saturation of market demand;
 
  •      loss of key customers;
 
  •      industry consolidation; and
 
  •      failure to execute our customer-focused selling approach.
 
A continued downturn in the insurance industry or lower acceptance of our solutions by the insurance industry could result in a decline in revenues from that industry and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
 
Our revenue from customers in the mortgage vertical is largely transactional and subject to changing conditions of the U.S. mortgage market.
 
Revenue derived from solutions we provide the U.S. mortgage and mortgage-related industries accounted for approximately 13% of our total revenue in the year ended December 31, 2010. Our forensic audit business and business with government-sponsored entities in the mortgage business accounted for approximately 65% of our total mortgage and mortgage-related revenue in 2010. Because our business relies on transaction volumes based on both new mortgage applications and forensic audit of funded loans, reductions in either the volume of mortgage loans originated or the number or quality of funded loans could reduce our revenue. Mortgage origination volumes in 2010 declined versus 2009 and may continue to decline based on the changes in the mortgage market related to the U.S. mortgage crisis.
 
Recently there have been proposals to restructure or eliminate the roles of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The restructuring or elimination of either Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac could have a negative effect on the U. S. mortgage market and on our revenue derived from the solutions we provide to the mortgage industry. If origination volumes and applications for mortgages decline, our revenue in this part of the business may decline if we are unable to increase the percentage of mortgages examined for existing customers or add new customers. Our forensic audit business has benefited from the high amount of bad loans to be examined by mortgage insurers and other parties as a result of the U.S. mortgage crisis. Two customers represent the majority of our mortgage revenue in 2010 and if their volumes decline and we are not able to replace them with new customers, our revenue may decline.
 
There may be consolidation in our end customer market, which would reduce the use of our services.
 
Mergers or consolidations among our customers could reduce the number of our customers and potential customers. This could adversely affect our revenues even if these events do not reduce the aggregate number of customers or the activities of the consolidated entities. If our customers merge with or are acquired by other entities that are not our customers, or that use fewer of our services, they may discontinue or reduce their use of our services. The adverse effects of consolidation will be greater in sectors that we are particularly dependent upon, for example, in the P&C insurance services sector. Any of these developments could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
 
If we are unable to develop successful new solutions or if we experience defects, failures and delays associated with the introduction of new solutions, our business could suffer serious harm.
 
Our growth and success depends upon our ability to develop and sell new solutions. If we are unable to develop new solutions, or if we are not successful in introducing and/or obtaining regulatory approval or acceptance for new solutions, we may not be able to grow our business, or growth may occur more slowly


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than we anticipate. In addition, significant undetected errors or delays in new solutions may affect market acceptance of our solutions and could harm our business, financial condition or results of operations. In the past, we have experienced delays while developing and introducing new solutions, primarily due to difficulties in developing models, acquiring data and adapting to particular operating environments. Errors or defects in our solutions that are significant, or are perceived to be significant, could result in rejection of our solutions, damage to our reputation, loss of revenues, diversion of development resources, an increase in product liability claims, and increases in service and support costs and warranty claims.
 
We will continue to rely upon proprietary technology rights, and if we are unable to protect them, our business could be harmed.
 
Our success depends, in part, upon our intellectual property rights. To date, we have relied primarily on a combination of copyright, patent, trade secret, and trademark laws and nondisclosure and other contractual restrictions on copying and distribution to protect our proprietary technology. This protection of our proprietary technology is limited, and our proprietary technology could be used by others without our consent. In addition, patents may not be issued with respect to our pending or future patent applications, and our patents may not be upheld as valid or may not prevent the development of competitive products. Any disclosure, loss, invalidity of, or failure to protect our intellectual property could negatively impact our competitive position, and ultimately, our business. Our protection of our intellectual property rights in the United States or abroad may not be adequate and others, including our competitors, may use our proprietary technology without our consent. Furthermore, litigation may be necessary to enforce our intellectual property rights, to protect our trade secrets, or to determine the validity and scope of the proprietary rights of others. Such litigation could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
 
We could face claims for intellectual property infringement, which if successful could restrict us from using and providing our technologies and solutions to our customers.
 
There has been substantial litigation and other proceedings, particularly in the United States, regarding patent and other intellectual property rights in the information technology industry. There is a risk that we are infringing, or may in the future infringe, the intellectual property rights of third parties. We monitor third-party patents and patent applications that may be relevant to our technologies and solutions and we carry out freedom to operate analysis where we deem appropriate. However, such monitoring and analysis has not been, and is unlikely in the future to be, comprehensive, and it may not be possible to detect all potentially relevant patents and patent applications. Since the patent application process can take several years to complete, there may be currently pending applications, unknown to us, that may later result in issued patents that cover our products and technologies. As a result, we may infringe existing and future third-party patents of which we are not aware. As we expand our operations there is a higher risk that such activity could infringe the intellectual property rights of third parties.
 
Third-party intellectual property infringement claims and any resultant litigation against us or our technology partners or providers, could subject us to liability for damages, restrict us from using and providing our technologies and solutions or operating our business generally, or require changes to be made to our technologies and solutions. Even if we prevail, litigation is time consuming and expensive to defend and would result in the diversion of management’s time and attention.
 
If a successful claim of infringement is brought against us and we fail to develop non-infringing technologies and solutions or to obtain licenses on a timely and cost effective basis this could materially and adversely affect our business, reputation, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
 
Regulatory developments could negatively impact our business.
 
Because personal, public and non-public information is stored in some of our databases, we are vulnerable to government regulation and adverse publicity concerning the use of our data. We provide many types of data and services that already are subject to regulation under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Driver’s Privacy Protection Act, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the


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European Union’s Data Protection Directive and to a lesser extent, various other federal, state, and local laws and regulations. These laws and regulations are designed to protect the privacy of the public and to prevent the misuse of personal information in the marketplace. However, many consumer advocates, privacy advocates, and government regulators believe that the existing laws and regulations do not adequately protect privacy. They have become increasingly concerned with the use of personal information, particularly social security numbers, department of motor vehicle data and dates of birth. As a result, they are lobbying for further restrictions on the dissemination or commercial use of personal information to the public and private sectors. Similar initiatives are under way in other countries in which we do business or from which we source data. The following legal and regulatory developments also could have a material adverse affect on our business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows:
 
  •      amendment, enactment, or interpretation of laws and regulations which restrict the access and use of personal information and reduce the supply of data available to customers;
 
  •      changes in cultural and consumer attitudes to favor further restrictions on information collection and sharing, which may lead to regulations that prevent full utilization of our solutions;
 
  •      failure of our solutions to comply with current laws and regulations; and
 
  •      failure of our solutions to adapt to changes in the regulatory environment in an efficient, cost-effective manner.
 
Fraudulent data access and other security breaches may negatively impact our business and harm our reputation.
 
Security breaches in our facilities, computer networks, and databases may cause harm to our business and reputation and result in a loss of customers. Our systems may be vulnerable to physical break-ins, computer viruses, attacks by hackers and similar disruptive problems. Third-party contractors also may experience security breaches involving the storage and transmission of proprietary information. If users gain improper access to our databases, they may be able to steal, publish, delete or modify confidential third-party information that is stored or transmitted on our networks.
 
In addition, customers’ misuse of our information services could cause harm to our business and reputation and result in loss of customers. Any such misappropriation and/or misuse of our information could result in us, among other things, being in breach of certain data protection and related legislation.
 
A security or privacy breach may affect us in the following ways:
 
  •      deterring customers from using our solutions;
 
  •      deterring data suppliers from supplying data to us;
 
  •      harming our reputation;
 
  •      exposing us to liability;
 
  •      increasing operating expenses to correct problems caused by the breach;
 
  •      affecting our ability to meet customers’ expectations; or
 
  •      causing inquiry from governmental authorities.
 
We may detect incidents in which consumer data has been fraudulently or improperly acquired. The number of potentially affected consumers identified by any future incidents is obviously unknown. Any such incident could materially and adversely affect our business, reputation, financial condition, operating results and cash flows.


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We typically face a long selling cycle to secure new contracts that requires significant resource commitments, which result in a long lead time before we receive revenues from new relationships.
 
We typically face a long selling cycle to secure a new contract and there is generally a long preparation period in order to commence providing the services. We typically incur significant business development expenses during the selling cycle and we may not succeed in winning a new customer’s business, in which case we receive no revenues and may receive no reimbursement for such expenses. Even if we succeed in developing a relationship with a potential new customer, we may not be successful in obtaining contractual commitments after the selling cycle or in maintaining contractual commitments after the implementation cycle, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
We may lose key business assets, including loss of data center capacity or the interruption of telecommunications links, the internet, or power sources, which could significantly impede our ability to do business.
 
Our operations depend on our ability, as well as that of third-party service providers to whom we have outsourced several critical functions, to protect data centers and related technology against damage from hardware failure, fire, power loss, telecommunications failure, impacts of terrorism, breaches in security (such as the actions of computer hackers), natural disasters, or other disasters. The on-line services we provide are dependent on links to telecommunications providers. In addition, we generate a significant amount of our revenues through telesales centers and websites that we utilize in the acquisition of new customers, fulfillment of solutions and services and responding to customer inquiries. We may not have sufficient redundant operations to cover a loss or failure in all of these areas in a timely manner. Certain of our customer contracts provide that our on-line servers may not be unavailable for specified periods of time. Any damage to our data centers, failure of our telecommunications links or inability to access these telesales centers or websites could cause interruptions in operations that materially adversely affect our ability to meet customers’ requirements, resulting in decreased revenue, operating income and earnings per share.
 
We are subject to competition in many of the markets in which we operate and we may not be able to compete effectively.
 
Some markets in which we operate or which we believe may provide growth opportunities for us are highly competitive, and are expected to remain highly competitive. We compete on the basis of quality, customer service, product and service selection and price. Our competitive position in various market segments depends upon the relative strength of competitors in the segment and the resources devoted to competing in that segment. Due to their size, certain competitors may be able to allocate greater resources to a particular market segment than we can. As a result, these competitors may be in a better position to anticipate and respond to changing customer preferences, emerging technologies and market trends. In addition, new competitors and alliances may emerge to take market share away. We may be unable to maintain our competitive position in our market segments, especially against larger competitors. We may also invest further to upgrade our systems in order to compete. If we fail to successfully compete, our business, financial position and results of operations may be adversely affected.
 
Acquisitions could result in operating difficulties, dilution and other harmful consequences.
 
Our long-term business strategy includes growth through acquisitions. Future acquisitions may not be completed on acceptable terms and acquired assets, data or businesses may not be successfully integrated into our operations. Any acquisitions or investments will be accompanied by the risks commonly encountered in acquisitions of businesses. Such risks include, among other things:
 
  •      failing to implement or remediate controls, procedures and policies appropriate for a larger public company at acquired companies that prior to the acquisition lacked such controls, procedures and policies;
 
  •      paying more than fair market value for an acquired company or assets;


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  •      failing to integrate the operations and personnel of the acquired businesses in an efficient, timely manner;
 
  •      assuming potential liabilities of an acquired company;
 
  •      managing the potential disruption to our ongoing business;
 
  •      distracting management focus from our core businesses;
 
  •      difficulty in acquiring suitable businesses;
 
  •      impairing relationships with employees, customers, and strategic partners;
 
  •      incurring expenses associated with the amortization of intangible assets;
 
  •      incurring expenses associated with an impairment of all or a portion of goodwill and other intangible assets due to changes in market conditions, weak economies in certain competitive markets, or the failure of certain acquisitions to realize expected benefits; and
 
  •      diluting the share value and voting power of existing stockholders.
 
The anticipated benefits of many of our acquisitions may not materialize. Future acquisitions or dispositions could result in the incurrence of debt, contingent liabilities or amortization expenses, or write-offs of goodwill and other intangible assets, any of which could harm our financial condition.
 
We typically fund our acquisitions through our debt facilities. Although we have capacity under our uncommitted facilities, lenders are not required to loan us any funds under such facilities. Therefore, future acquisitions may require us to obtain additional financing, which may not be available on favorable terms or at all.
 
To the extent the availability of free or relatively inexpensive information increases, the demand for some of our solutions may decrease.
 
Public sources of free or relatively inexpensive information have become increasingly available recently, particularly through the internet, and this trend is expected to continue. Governmental agencies in particular have increased the amount of information to which they provide free public access. Public sources of free or relatively inexpensive information may reduce demand for our solutions. To the extent that customers choose not to obtain solutions from us and instead rely on information obtained at little or no cost from these public sources, our business and results of operations may be adversely affected.
 
Our senior leadership team is critical to our continued success and the loss of such personnel could harm our business.
 
Our future success substantially depends on the continued service and performance of the members of our senior leadership team. These personnel possess business and technical capabilities that are difficult to replace. Members of our senior management operating team have been with us for an average of almost twenty years. However, with the exception of Frank J. Coyne, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, we do not have employee contracts with the members of our senior management operating team. If we lose key members of our senior management operating team, we may not be able to effectively manage our current operations or meet ongoing and future business challenges, and this may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
 
We may fail to attract and retain enough qualified employees to support our operations, which could have an adverse effect on our ability to expand our business and service our customers.
 
Our business relies on large numbers of skilled employees and our success depends on our ability to attract, train and retain a sufficient number of qualified employees. If our attrition rate increases, our operating efficiency and productivity may decrease. We compete for employees not only with other companies in our industry but also with companies in other industries, such as software services, engineering services and


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financial services companies, and there is a limited pool of employees who have the skills and training needed to do our work. If our business continues to grow, the number of people we will need to hire will increase. We will also need to increase our hiring if we are not able to maintain our attrition rate through our current recruiting and retention policies. Increased competition for employees could have an adverse effect on our ability to expand our business and service our customers, as well as cause us to incur greater personnel expenses and training costs.
 
We are subject to antitrust and other litigation, and may in the future become subject to further such litigation; an adverse outcome in such litigation could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, revenues and profitability.
 
We participate in businesses (particularly insurance-related businesses and services) that are subject to substantial litigation, including antitrust litigation. We are subject to the provisions of a 1995 settlement agreement in an antitrust lawsuit brought by various state Attorneys General and private plaintiffs which imposes certain constraints with respect to insurer involvement in our governance and business. We currently are defending against putative class action lawsuits in which it is alleged that certain of our subsidiaries unlawfully have conspired with insurers with respect to their payment of insurance claims. See “Item 3. Legal Proceedings.” Our failure to successfully defend or settle such litigation could result in liability that, to the extent not covered by our insurance, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, revenues and profitability. Given the nature of our business, we may be subject to similar litigation in the future. Even if the direct financial impact of such litigation is not material, settlements or judgments arising out of such litigation could include further restrictions on our ability to conduct business, including potentially the elimination of entire lines of business, which could increase our cost of doing business and limit our prospects for future growth.
 
Our liquidity, financial position and profitability could be adversely affected by further deterioration in U.S. and international credit markets and economic conditions.
 
Deterioration in the global capital markets has caused financial institutions to seek additional capital, merge with larger financial institutions and, in some cases, fail. These conditions have led to concerns by market participants about the stability of financial markets generally and the strength of counterparties, resulting in a contraction of available credit, even for the most credit-worthy borrowers. Due to recent market events, our liquidity and our ability to obtain financing may be negatively impacted if one of our lenders under our revolving credit facilities or existing shelf arrangements fails to meet its funding obligations. In such an event, we may not be able to draw on all, or a substantial portion, of our uncommitted credit facilities, which would adversely affect our liquidity. Also, if we attempt to obtain future financing in addition to, or replacement of, our existing credit facilities to finance our continued growth through acquisitions or otherwise, the credit market turmoil could negatively impact our ability to obtain such financing.
 
General economic, political and market forces and dislocations beyond our control could reduce demand for our solutions and harm our business.
 
The demand for our solutions may be impacted by domestic and international factors that are beyond our control, including macroeconomic, political and market conditions, the availability of short-term and long-term funding and capital, the level and volatility of interest rates, currency exchange rates and inflation. The United States economy recently experienced periods of contraction and both the future domestic and global economic environments may continue to be less favorable than those of prior years. Any one or more of these factors may contribute to reduced activity and prices in the securities markets generally and could result in a reduction in demand for our solutions, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. A significant additional decline in the value of assets for which risk is transferred in market transactions could have an adverse impact on the demand for our solutions. In addition, the decline of the credit markets has reduced the number of mortgage originators, and therefore, the immediate demand for our related mortgage solutions. Specifically, certain of our fraud identification and detection solutions are directed at the mortgage market. This decline in asset value and originations and an increase in foreclosure


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levels has also created greater regulatory scrutiny of mortgage originations and securitizations. Any new regulatory regime may change the utility of our solutions for mortgage lenders and other participants in the mortgage lending industry and related derivative markets or increase our costs as we adapt our solutions to new regulation.
 
If there are substantial sales of our common stock, our stock price could decline.
 
The market price of our common stock could decline as a result of sales of a large number of shares of common stock in the market, or the perception that these sales could occur. These sales, or the possibility that these sales may occur, also might make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities in the future at a time and at a price that we deem attractive.
 
As of December 31, 2010, our stockholders, who owned our shares prior to the IPO and follow-on offering, continue to beneficially own in the aggregate approximately 24,577,690 shares of our Class A common stock, primarily owned by our ESOP, 12,225,480 shares of our Class B (Series 1), or Class B-1, common stock and 14,771,340 shares of our Class B (Series 2), or Class B-2, common stock, representing in aggregate approximately 30.33% of our outstanding common stock. Such stockholders will be able to sell their common stock in the public market from time to time without registration, and subject to limitations on the timing, amount and method of those sales imposed by securities laws. If any of these stockholders were to sell a large number of their common stock, the market price of our common stock could decline significantly. In addition, the perception in the public markets that sales by them might occur could also adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
 
Certain members of our management are subject to lock-up agreements with us whereby they are not be permitted to sell any of their common stock, subject to certain conditions, for a period of time. Restrictions under these lock-up agreements expire in part on April 6, 2011 and expire completely on October 6, 2011. Also, pursuant to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation, our Class B stockholders are not able to sell any of their common stock, subject to certain conditions, to the public for a period of time. Each share of Class B-1 common stock shall convert automatically, without any action by the holder, into one share of Class A common stock on April 6, 2011. Each share of Class B-2 common stock shall convert automatically, without any action by the holder, into one share of Class A common stock on October 6, 2011.
 
Our board of directors may approve exceptions to the limitation on transfers of our Class B common stock in their sole discretion, in connection with the sale of such Class B common stock in a public offering registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission or in such other limited circumstances as our board of directors may determine. Any Class B common stock sold to the public will first be converted to Class A common stock. Such further resale of our common stock could cause the price of our common stock to decline.
 
Pursuant to our equity incentive plans, options to purchase approximately 23,018,745 shares of Class A common stock were outstanding as of February 25, 2011. We filed a registration statement under the Securities Act, which covers the shares available for issuance under our equity incentive plans (including for such outstanding options) as well as shares held for resale by our existing stockholders that were previously issued under our equity incentive plans. Such further issuance and resale of our common stock could cause the price of our common stock to decline.
 
Also, in the future, we may issue our securities in connection with investments and acquisitions. The amount of our common stock issued in connection with an investment or acquisition could constitute a material portion of our then outstanding common stock.
 
The holders of our Class B common stock have the right to elect up to three out of eleven of our directors and their interests in our business may be different than yours.
 
Until no Class B common stock remains outstanding, the holders of our Class B common stock will have the right to elect up to three of our directors. Stockholders of the Class B common stock may not have the same incentive to approve a corporate action that may be favorable for the holders of Class A common


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stock, or their interests may otherwise conflict with those of Class A stockholders. For example, holders of our Class B common stock may seek to cause us to take courses of action that, in their judgment, could enhance their investment in us or the use of our solutions, but which might involve risks to holders of our Class A common stock, including a potential decrease in the price of our Class A common stock.
 
Our capital structure, level of indebtedness and the terms of anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law and in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws could diminish the value of our common stock and could make a merger, tender offer or proxy contest difficult or could impede an attempt to replace or remove our directors.
 
We are a Delaware corporation and the anti-takeover provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control by prohibiting us from engaging in a business combination with an interested stockholder for a period of three years after the person becomes an interested stockholder, even if a change of control would be beneficial to our existing stockholders. In addition, our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change in our management or control over us that stockholders may consider favorable or make it more difficult for stockholders to replace directors even if stockholders consider it beneficial to do so. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws:
 
  •      authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that could be issued by our board of directors to increase the number of outstanding shares to thwart a takeover attempt;
 
  •      prohibit cumulative voting in the election of directors, which would otherwise allow holders of less than a majority of the stock to elect some directors;
 
  •      require that vacancies on the board of directors, including newly-created directorships, be filled only by a majority vote of directors then in office;
 
  •      limit who may call special meetings of stockholders;
 
  •      authorize the issuance of authorized but unissued shares of common stock and preferred stock without stockholder approval, subject to the rules and regulations of the NASDAQ Global Select Market;
 
  •      prohibit stockholder action by written consent, requiring all stockholder actions to be taken at a meeting of the stockholders; and
 
  •      establish advance notice requirements for nominating candidates for election to the board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings.
 
In addition, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law may inhibit potential acquisition bids for us. As a public company, we are subject to Section 203, which regulates corporate acquisitions and limits the ability of a holder of 15.0% or more of our stock from acquiring the rest of our stock. Under Delaware law a corporation may opt out of the anti-takeover provisions, but we do not intend to do so.
 
These provisions may prevent a stockholder from receiving the benefit from any premium over the market price of our common stock offered by a bidder in a potential takeover. Even in the absence of an attempt to effect a change in management or a takeover attempt, these provisions may adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock if they are viewed as discouraging takeover attempts in the future.
 
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments
 
Not Applicable.


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Item 2.   Properties
 
Our headquarters are in Jersey City, New Jersey. As of December 31, 2010, our principal offices consisted of the following properties:
 
             
Location
  Square Feet  
Lease Expiration Date
 
Jersey City, New Jersey
    390,991     May 21, 2021
Orem, Utah
    68,343     December 31, 2017
Boston, Massachusetts
    59,154     November 30, 2020
South Jordan, Utah
    42,849     June 30, 2014
North Reading, Massachusetts
    41,200     June 30, 2015
Agoura Hills, California
    28,666     October 30, 2011
 
We also lease offices in 22 states in the United States and the District of Columbia, and offices outside the United States to support our international operations in Canada, China, Denmark, England, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, and Nepal.
 
We believe that our properties are in good operating condition and adequately serve our current business operations. We also anticipate that suitable additional or alternative space, including those under lease options, will be available at commercially reasonable terms for future expansion.
 
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings
 
We are party to legal proceedings with respect to a variety of matters in the ordinary course of business, including those matters described below. We are unable, at the present time, to determine the ultimate resolution of or provide a reasonable estimate of the range of possible loss attributable to these matters or the impact they may have on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows. This is primarily because many of these cases remain in their early stages and only limited discovery has taken place. Although we believe we have strong defenses and intend to vigorously defend the litigation proceedings described below, we could in the future incur judgments or enter into settlements of claims that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
 
Claims Outcome Advisor Litigation
 
Hensley, et al. v. Computer Sciences Corporation et al. was a putative nationwide class action complaint, filed in February 2005, in Miller County, Arkansas state court. Defendants include numerous insurance companies and providers of software products used by insurers in paying claims. We are among the named defendants. Plaintiffs allege that certain software products, including our Claims Outcome Advisor product and a competing software product sold by Computer Sciences Corporation, improperly estimated the amount to be paid by insurers to their policyholders in connection with claims for bodily injuries.
 
We entered into settlement agreements with plaintiffs asserting claims relating to the use of Claims Outcome Advisor by defendants Hanover Insurance Group, Progressive Car Insurance and Liberty Mutual Insurance Group. Each of these settlements was granted final approval by the court and together the settlements resolve the claims asserted in this case against us with respect to the above insurance companies, who settled the claims against them as well. A provision was made in 2006 for this proceeding and the total amount we paid in 2008 with respect to these settlements was less than $2.0 million. A fourth defendant, The Automobile Club of California, which is alleged to have used Claims Outcome Advisor, was dismissed from the action. On August 18, 2008, pursuant to the agreement of the parties the Court ordered that the claims against us be dismissed with prejudice.
 
Subsequently, Hanover Insurance Group made a demand for reimbursement, pursuant to an indemnification provision contained in a December 30, 2004 License Agreement between Hanover and the Company, of its settlement and defense costs in the Hensley class action. Specifically, Hanover demanded $2.5 million including $0.6 million in attorneys’ fees and expenses. We dispute that Hanover is entitled to any reimbursement pursuant to the License Agreement. In July 2010, the Company and Hanover were unable to


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resolve the dispute in mediation, Hanover served a summons and complaint seeking indemnity and contribution from us. At this time, it is not possible to determine the ultimate resolution of or estimate the liability related to this matter.
 
Xactware Litigation
 
The following two lawsuits have been filed by or on behalf of groups of Louisiana insurance policyholders who claim, among other things, that certain insurers who used products and price information supplied by our Xactware subsidiary (and those of another provider) did not fully compensate policyholders for property damage covered under their insurance policies. The plaintiffs seek to recover compensation for their damages in an amount equal to the difference between the amount paid by the defendants and the fair market repair/restoration costs of their damaged property.
 
Schafer v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., et al. was a putative class action pending against us and State Farm Fire & Casualty Company filed in March 2007 in the Eastern District of Louisiana. The complaint alleged antitrust violations, breach of contract, negligence, bad faith, and fraud. The court dismissed the antitrust claim as to both defendants and dismissed all claims against us other than fraud, which will proceed to the discovery phase along with the remaining claims against State Farm. Judge Duval denied plaintiffs’ motion to certify a class with respect to the fraud and breach of contract claims on August 3, 2009 and the time to appeal that decision has expired. The matter now a single action was reassigned to Judge Africk. The plaintiffs agreed to settle the matter with the Company and State Farm and a Settlement Agreement and a Release was executed by all parties in June 2010.
 
Mornay v. Travelers Ins. Co., et al. is a putative class action pending against us and Travelers Insurance Company filed in November 2007 in the Eastern District of Louisiana. The complaint alleged antitrust violations, breach of contract, negligence, bad faith, and fraud. As in Schafer, the court dismissed the antitrust claim as to both defendants and dismissed all claims against us other than fraud. Judge Duval stayed all proceedings in the case pending an appraisal of the lead plaintiff’s insurance claim. The matter has been re-assigned to Judge Barbier, who on September 11, 2009 issued an order administratively closing the matter pending completion of the appraisal process. At this time, it is not possible to determine the ultimate resolution of or estimate the liability related to this matter.
 
iiX Litigation
 
In March 2007, our subsidiary, Insurance Information Exchange, or iiX, as well as other information providers and insurers in the State of Texas, were served with a summons and class action complaint filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas alleging violations of the Driver Privacy Protection Act, or the DPPA, entitled Sharon Taylor, et al. v. Acxiom Corporation, et al. Plaintiffs brought the action on their own behalf and on behalf of all similarly situated individuals whose personal information is contained in any motor vehicle record maintained by the State of Texas and who have not provided express consent to the State of Texas for the distribution of their personal information for purposes not enumerated by the DPPA and whose personal information has been knowingly obtained and used by the defendants. The class complaint alleges that the defendants knowingly obtained personal information for a purpose not authorized by the DPPA and seeks liquidated damages in the amount of two thousand five hundred dollars for each instance of a violation of the DPPA, punitive damages and the destruction of any illegally obtained personal information. The Court granted iiX’s motion to dismiss the complaint based on failure to state a claim and for lack of standing. Oral arguments on the plaintiffs’ appeal of that dismissal were held on November 4, 2009. The Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit Court affirmed the District Court’s dismissal of the complaint on July 14, 2010. Plaintiffs filed a petition for a Writ of Certiorari with the United States Supreme Court on October 12, 2010, which was denied on January 10, 2011.
 
Similarly, in April 2010, our subsidiary, iiX, as well as other information providers in the State of Missouri were served with a summons and class action complaint filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri alleging violations of the DPPA entitled Janice Cook, et al. v. ACS State & Local Solutions, et al. Plaintiffs brought the action on their own behalf and on behalf of all similarly situated


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individuals whose personal information is contained in any motor vehicle record maintained by the State of Missouri and who have not provided express consent to the State of Missouri for the distribution of their personal information for purposes not enumerated by the DPPA and whose personal information has been knowingly obtained and used by the defendants. The class complaint alleges that the defendants knowingly obtained personal information for a purpose not authorized by the DPPA and seeks liquidated damages in the amount of two thousand five hundred dollars for each instance of a violation of the DDPA, punitive damages and the destruction of any illegally obtained personal information. The court granted iiX’s motion to dismiss the complaint based on a failure to state a claim on November 19, 2010. Plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal on December 17, 2010. At this time, it is not possible to determine the ultimate resolution of or estimate the liability related to these matters.
 
Interthinx Litigation
 
In September 2009, our subsidiary, Interthinx, Inc., or Interthinx, was served with a putative class action entitled Renata Gluzman v. Interthinx, Inc. The plaintiff, a former Interthinx employee, filed the class action on August 13, 2009 in the Superior Court of the State of California, County of Los Angeles on behalf of all Interthinx information technology employees for unpaid overtime and missed meals and rest breaks, as well as various related claims claiming that the information technology employees were misclassified as exempt employees and, as a result, were denied certain wages and benefits that would have been received if they were properly classified as non-exempt employees. The pleadings include, among other things, a violation of Business and Professions Code 17200 for unfair business practices, which allows plaintiffs to include as class members all information technology employees employed at Interthinx for four years prior to the date of filing the complaint. The complaint seeks compensatory damages, penalties that are associated with the various statutes, restitution, interest costs, and attorney fees. On June 2, 2010, plaintiffs agreed to settle their claims with Interthinx. The court granted preliminary approval to the settlement on November 10, 2010 and scheduled the final approval hearing for February 23, 2011. Although no assurance can be given concerning the outcome of this matter, in the opinion of management the lawsuit is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
 
Item 4.   Reserved
 
PART II
 
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information
 
Verisk trades under the ticker symbol “VRSK” on the NASDAQ Global Select Market. Our common stock was first publicly traded on October 7, 2009. As of February 25, 2011, the closing price of our Class A common stock was $32.49 per share, as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market. There is no established public trading market for our Class B common stock. As of February 25, 2011 there were approximately 17 Class A and 39 Class B stockholders of record. We believe the number of beneficial owners is substantially greater than the number of record holders for Class A common stock, because a large portion of Class A common stock is held in “street name” by brokers.
 
We have not paid or declared any cash dividends on our Class A, Class B-1, or Class B-2 common stock during the two most recent fiscal years and we currently do not intend to pay dividends on our Class A, Class B-1, or Class B-2 common stock. We do have a publicly announced share repurchase plan and have repurchased 15,069,452 shares since our IPO. As of December 31, 2010, we had 372,107,352 shares of treasury stock.


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The following table shows the quarterly range of the closing high and low per share sales prices for our common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market for the periods indicated.
 
                 
Year Ending December 31, 2010
  High   Low
 
Fourth Quarter
  $ 34.60     $ 27.64  
Third Quarter
  $ 30.20     $ 27.25  
Second Quarter
  $ 30.93     $ 27.65  
First Quarter
  $ 30.44     $ 27.24  
 
                 
Year Ending December 31, 2009
  High   Low
 
Fourth Quarter
  $ 31.00     $ 26.25  
 
Performance Graph
 
The graph below compares the cumulative total stockholder return on $100 invested in our common stock, with the cumulative total return (assuming reinvestment of dividends) on $100 invested in each of the NASDAQ Composite Index, S&P 500 Index and an aggregate of peer issuers in the information industry since October 7, 2009, the date our Class A common stock was first publicly traded. The peer issuers used for this graph are Dun & Bradstreet Corporation, Equifax Inc., Factset Research Systems Inc., Fair Isaac Corporation, Morningstar, Inc., MSCI Inc., and Solera Holdings, Inc. Each peer issuer was weighted according to its respective market capitalization on October 7, 2009.
 
COMPARISON OF CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN
Assumes $100 Invested on Oct. 07, 2009
Assumes Dividend Reinvested
Fiscal Year Ending Dec. 31, 2010
 
(PERFORMANCE GRAPH)
 
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
 
There were no unregistered sales of equity securities by the Company during the period covered by this report.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
On April 29, 2010, our board of directors authorized a $150.0 million share repurchase program, or the Repurchase Program, of our common stock. On October 19, 2010, our board of directors authorized an


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additional $150.0 million for the Repurchase Program for a total of $300.0 million. Under the Repurchase Program, we may repurchase stock in the open market or as otherwise determined by us. These authorizations have no expiration dates, although they may be suspended or terminated at any time. Our shares repurchased for the quarter ended December 31, 2010 is set forth below:
 
                                 
                Total Number of
    Maximum Dollar
 
                Shares Purchased
    Value of Shares that
 
    Total Number
    Average
    as Part of Publicly
    May Yet Be
 
    of Shares
    Price Paid
    Announced Plans
    Purchased Under the
 
Period
  Purchased(1)     per Share(2)     or Programs     Plans or Programs  
                      (In thousands)  
 
October 1, 2010 through October 31, 2010
    7,714,700     $ 28.16       414,700     $ 152,753  
November 1, 2010 through November 30, 2010
    1,041,507     $ 30.45       1,041,507     $ 121,039  
December 1, 2010 through December 31, 2010
    1,668,839     $ 33.20       1,010,589     $ 87,488  
                                 
      10,425,046     $ 31.19       2,466,796          
                                 
 
 
(1) Includes 7,583,532 and 374,718 Verisk Class B-1 and Class B-2 shares, respectively, repurchased in connection with our follow-on offering, which was not a part of the Repurchase Program.
 
(2) Average price paid in the stock repurchases above excludes the shares mentioned in note (1).
 
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data
 
The following selected historical financial data should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified by reference to, Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K. The consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2010 and 2009 are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K. The consolidated statement of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 are derived from audited consolidated financial statements that are not included in this annual report on Form 10-K. The consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2006 is derived from unaudited consolidated financial statements that are not included in this annual report on Form 10-K. Results for the year ended December 31, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected in any other future period.
 
Between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2010 we acquired 15 businesses, which may affect the comparability of our consolidated financial statements.
 
                                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (In thousands, except for share and per share data)  
 
Statement of income data:
                                       
Revenues:
                                       
Risk Assessment revenues
  $ 542,138     $ 523,976     $ 504,391     $ 485,160     $ 472,634  
Decision Analytics revenues
    596,205       503,128       389,159       317,035       257,499  
                                         
Revenues
    1,138,343       1,027,104       893,550       802,195       730,133  
                                         
Expenses:
                                       
Cost of revenues
    463,473       491,294       386,897       357,191       331,804  
Selling, general and administrative
    166,374       162,604       131,239       107,576       100,124  


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    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (In thousands, except for share and per share data)  
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets
    40,728       38,578       35,317       31,745       28,007  
Amortization of intangible assets
    27,398       32,621       29,555       33,916       26,854  
Acquisition related liabilties adjustment(1)
    (544 )                        
                                         
Total expenses
    697,429       725,097       583,008       530,428       486,789  
                                         
Operating income
    440,914       302,007       310,542       271,767       243,344  
Other income/(expense):
                                       
Investment income
    305       195       2,184       8,451       6,476  
Realized gains/(losses) on securities, net
    95       (2,332 )     (2,511 )     857       (375 )
Interest expense
    (34,664 )     (35,265 )     (31,316 )     (22,928 )     (16,668 )
                                         
Total other expense, net
    (34,264 )     (37,402 )     (31,643 )     (13,620 )     (10,567 )
                                         
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
    406,650       264,605       278,899       258,147       232,777  
Provision for income taxes
    (164,098 )     (137,991 )     (120,671 )     (103,184 )     (91,992 )
                                         
Income from continuing operations
    242,552       126,614       158,228       154,963       140,785  
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(2)
                      (4,589 )     (1,805 )
                                         
Net income
  $ 242,552     $ 126,614     $ 158,228     $ 150,374     $ 138,980  
                                         
Basic net income/(loss) per share(3):
                                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 1.36     $ 0.72     $ 0.87     $ 0.77     $ 0.68  
Loss from discontinued operations
                      (0.02 )     (0.01 )
                                         
Basic net income per share
  $ 1.36     $ 0.72     $ 0.87     $ 0.75     $ 0.67  
                                         
Diluted net income/(loss) per share(3):
                                       
Income from continuing operations
  $ 1.30     $ 0.70     $ 0.83     $ 0.74     $ 0.65  
Loss from discontinued operations
                      (0.02 )     (0.01 )
                                         
Diluted net income per share
  $ 1.30     $ 0.70     $ 0.83     $ 0.72     $ 0.64  
                                         
Weighted average shares outstanding(3):
                                       
Basic
    177,733,503       174,767,795       182,885,700       200,846,400       206,548,100  
                                         
Diluted
    186,394,962       182,165,661       190,231,700       209,257,550       215,143,350  
                                         

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The financial operating data below sets forth the information we believe is useful for investors in evaluating our overall financial performance:
                                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008     2007     2006  
    (In thousands, except for share and per share data)  
 
Other data:
                                       
EBITDA(4):
                                       
Risk Assessment EBITDA
  $ 268,417     $ 210,928     $ 222,706     $ 212,780     $ 202,872  
Decision Analytics EBITDA
    240,079       162,278       152,708       124,648       95,333  
                                         
EBITDA
  $ 508,496     $ 373,206     $ 375,414     $ 337,428     $ 298,205  
                                         
 
The following is a reconciliation of income from continuing operations to EBITDA:
Income from continuing operations
  $ 242,552     $ 126,614     $ 158,228     $ 154,963     $ 140,785  
Depreciation and amortization of fixed and intangible assets
    68,126       71,199       64,872       65,661       54,861  
Acquisition related liabilities adjustment(1)
    (544 )                        
Investment income and realized (gains)/losses on securities, net
    (400 )     2,137       327       (9,308 )     (6,101 )
Interest expense
    34,664       35,265       31,316       22,928       16,668  
Provision for income taxes
    164,098       137,991       120,671       103,184       91,992  
                                         
EBITDA
  $ 508,496     $ 373,206     $ 375,414     $ 337,428     $ 298,205  
                                         
 
The following table sets forth our consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31:
 
                                         
    2010   2009   2008   2007   2006
 
Balance Sheet Data:
                                       
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 54,974     $ 71,527     $ 33,185     $ 24,049     $ 99,152  
Total assets
  $ 1,217,090     $ 996,953     $ 928,877     $ 830,041     $ 739,282  
Total debt(5)
  $ 839,543     $ 594,169     $ 669,754     $ 438,330     $ 448,698  
Redeemable common stock(6)
  $     $     $ 749,539     $ 1,171,188     $ 1,125,933  
Stockholders’ deficit(7)
  $ (114,442 )   $ (34,949 )   $ (1,009,823 )   $ (1,203,348 )   $ (1,123,977 )
 
 
(1) During the third quarter of 2010, we reevaluated the probability of TierMed achieving the specified predetermined EBITDA and revenue targets and reversed its contingent consideration related to this acquisition.
 
(2) As of December 31, 2007, we discontinued operations of our claim consulting business located in New Hope, Pennsylvania and the United Kingdom. There was no impact of discontinued operations on the results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.
 
(3) In conjunction with the IPO, the stock of Insurance Services Office, Inc. converted to stock of Verisk Analytics, Inc, which effected a fifty-for-one stock split of its common stock. The numbers in the above table reflect this stock split.
 
(4) Although EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure, EBITDA is frequently used by securities analysts, lenders and others in their evaluation of companies. EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and should not be considered in isolation, or as a substitute for an analysis of our results of operations or cash flow from operating activities reported under GAAP. Management uses EBITDA in conjunction with traditional GAAP operating performance measures as part of its overall assessment of company performance. Some of these limitations are:
 
• EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures, or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;


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• EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
 
• Although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized often will have to be replaced in the future and EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
 
• Other companies in our industry may calculate EBITDA differently than we do, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.
 
(5) Includes capital lease obligations.
 
(6) Prior to our corporate reorganization, we were required to record our Class A common stock and vested options at redemption value at each balance sheet date as the redemption of these securities was not solely within our control, due to our contractual obligations to redeem these shares. We classified this redemption value as redeemable common stock. After our IPO, we were no longer obligated to redeem these shares and therefore we reversed the redeemable common stock balance. See Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K for further information.
 
(7) Subsequent to our corporate reorganization, share repurchases are recorded as treasury stock within stockholders’ deficit, as we intend to reissue shares from treasury stock in the future. For the year ended December 31, 2010, we repurchased $422.3 million of treasury stock.
 
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our historical financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K, as well as the discussion under “Selected Consolidated Financial Data.” This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in or implied by any of the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those listed under “Risk Factors” and “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
We enable risk-bearing businesses to better understand and manage their risks. We provide value to our customers by supplying proprietary data that, combined with our analytic methods, creates embedded decision support solutions. We are the largest aggregator and provider of data pertaining to U.S. property and casualty, or P&C, insurance risks. We offer solutions for detecting fraud in the U.S. P&C insurance, mortgage and healthcare industries and sophisticated methods to predict and quantify loss in diverse contexts ranging from natural catastrophes to health insurance.
 
Our customers use our solutions to make better risk decisions with greater efficiency and discipline. We refer to these products and services as ‘solutions’ due to the integration among our products and the flexibility that enables our customers to purchase components or the comprehensive package of products. These solutions take various forms, including data, statistical models or tailored analytics, all designed to allow our clients to make more logical decisions. We believe our solutions for analyzing risk positively impact our customers’ revenues and help them better manage their costs.
 
On May 23, 2008, in contemplation of our IPO, Insurance Service Office, Inc., or ISO, formed Verisk Analytics, Inc., or Verisk, a Delaware corporation, to be the holding company for our business. Verisk was initially formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ISO. On October 6, 2009 in connection with our IPO, we effected a reorganization whereby ISO became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Verisk. We did not receive any proceeds from the sale of common stock in the offering.
 
On October 1, 2010, we completed a follow-on public offering of 21,885,092 shares of Class A common stock sold by selling stockholders. We did not receive any proceeds from the sale of common stock in the offering. The primary purpose of the offering was to manage and organize the sale by Class B insurance company shareholders while providing incremental public float. Concurrently with the closing of the follow-on public offering, we repurchased 7.3 million shares of Class B common stock, for an aggregate purchase price of $192.5 million.
 
We organize our business in two segments: Risk Assessment and Decision Analytics. Our Risk Assessment segment provides statistical, actuarial and underwriting data for the U.S. P&C insurance industry.


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Our Risk Assessment segment revenues represented approximately 47.6% and 51.0% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Our Decision Analytics segment provides solutions our customers use to analyze the processes of the Verisk Risk Analysis Framework: Loss Prediction, Fraud Identification and Detection, and Loss Quantification. Our Decision Analytics segment revenues represented approximately 52.4% and 49.0% of our revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
 
Executive Summary
 
Key Performance Metrics
 
We believe our business’s ability to generate recurring revenue and positive cash flow is the key indicator of the successful execution of our business strategy. We use year over year revenue growth and EBITDA margin as metrics to measure our performance. EBITDA and EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures, see Note 4 within Item 6. Selected Financial Data included in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Revenue growth.  We use year over year revenue growth as a key performance metric. We assess revenue growth based on our ability to generate increased revenue through increased sales to existing customers, sales to new customers, sales of new or expanded solutions to existing and new customers and strategic acquisitions of new businesses.
 
EBITDA margin.  We use EBITDA margin as a metric to assess segment performance and scalability of our business. We assess EBITDA margin based on our ability to increase revenues while controlling expense growth.
 
Revenues
 
We earn revenues through subscriptions, long-term agreements and on a transactional basis. Subscriptions for our solutions are generally paid in advance of rendering services either quarterly or in full upon commencement of the subscription period, which is usually for one year and automatically renewed each year. As a result, the timing of our cash flows generally precedes our recognition of revenues and income and our cash flow from operations tends to be higher in the first quarter as we receive subscription payments. Examples of these arrangements include subscriptions that allow our customers to access our standardized coverage language, our claims fraud solution or our actuarial services throughout the subscription period. In general, we experience minimal revenue seasonality within the business. Our long-term agreements are generally for periods of three to seven years. We recognize revenue from subscriptions ratably over the term of the subscription and most long-term agreements are recognized ratably over the term of the agreement.
 
Certain of our solutions are also paid for by our customers on a transactional basis. For example, we have solutions that allow our customers to access fraud detection tools in the context of an individual mortgage application or loan, obtain property-specific rating and underwriting information to price a policy on a commercial building, or compare a P&C insurance, medical or workers’ compensation claim with information in our databases. For the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, 30.2% and 29.0% of our revenues, respectively, were derived from providing transactional solutions. We earn transactional revenues as our solutions are delivered or services performed. In general, transactions are billed monthly at the end of each month.
 
Approximately 84.0% and 83.8% of the revenues in our Risk Assessment segment for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, were derived from subscriptions and long-term agreements for our solutions. Our customers in this segment include most of the P&C insurance providers in the United States. Approximately 56.8% and 57.7% of the revenues in our Decision Analytics segment, for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, were derived from subscriptions and long-term agreements for our solutions.


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Principal Operating Costs and Expenses
 
Personnel expenses are the major component of both our cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expenses. Personnel expenses include salaries, benefits, incentive compensation, equity compensation costs (described under “Equity Compensation Costs” below), sales commissions, employment taxes, recruiting costs, and outsourced temporary agency costs, which represented 65.4% and 67.6% of our total expenses for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The higher percentage of personnel expenses in 2009 is primarily related to the accelerated ESOP allocation that occurred prior to our initial IPO. The accelerated ESOP allocation resulted in a one time, non-cash charge of $57.7 million. Excluding this accelerated ESOP allocation, personnel expenses represented 64.8% of our total expenses for the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
We allocate personnel expenses between two categories, cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative costs, based on the actual costs associated with each employee. We categorize employees who maintain our solutions as cost of revenues, and all other personnel, including executive managers, sales people, marketing, business development, finance, legal, human resources, and administrative services, as selling, general and administrative expenses. A significant portion of our other operating costs, such as facilities and communications, are also either captured within cost of revenues or selling, general and administrative expense based on the nature of the work being performed.
 
While we expect to grow our headcount over time to take advantage of our market opportunities, we believe that the economies of scale in our operating model will allow us to grow our personnel expenses at a lower rate than revenues. Historically, our EBITDA margin has improved because we have been able to increase revenues without a proportionate corresponding increase in expenses.
 
Cost of Revenues.  Our cost of revenues consists primarily of personnel expenses. Cost of revenues also includes the expenses associated with the acquisition and verification of data, the maintenance of our existing solutions and the development and enhancement of our next-generation solutions. Our cost of revenues excludes depreciation and amortization.
 
Selling, General and Administrative Expense.  Our selling, general and administrative expense also consists primarily of personnel costs. A portion of the other operating costs such as facilities, insurance and communications are also allocated to selling, general and administrative costs based on the nature of the work being performed by the employee. Our selling, general and administrative expenses excludes depreciation and amortization.
 
Description of Acquisitions
 
We have acquired six businesses since January 1, 2009. As a result of these acquisitions, our consolidated results of operations may not be comparable between periods. The acquisitions noted below are all integrated within our Decision Analytics segment.
 
On December 16, 2010, we acquired 100% of the common stock of 3E Company, or 3E, a global source for a comprehensive suite of environmental health and safety compliance solutions for a net cash purchase price of approximately $107.3 million, of which $7.7 million was used to fund indemnity escrows. We are still evaluating the allocation of purchase price. Within our Decision Analytics segment, 3E overlaps the customer sets served by our other supply chain risk management solutions and helps our customers across a variety of vertical markets address their environmental health and safety issues. See Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K for the preliminary purchase allocation.
 
On December 14, 2010, we acquired 100% of the common stock of Crowe Paradis Services Corporation, or CP, a leading provider of claims analysis and compliance solutions for the property/casualty insurance industry, for a net cash purchase price of approximately $90.3 million, of which $6.8 million was used to fund indemnity escrows. We are still evaluating the allocation of purchase price. Within our Decision Analytics segment, CP offers solutions for complying with the Medicare Secondary Payer (MSP) Act, provides services to many of the largest worker’s compensation insurers, third-party administrators (TPAs),


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and self-insured companies which enhances solutions we currently offer. See Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K for the preliminary purchase allocation.
 
On February 26, 2010, we acquired 100% of the common stock of Strategic Analytics, Inc., or SA, a privately owned provider of credit risk and capital management solutions to consumer and mortgage lenders, for a net cash purchase price of $7.9 million of which $1.5 million was used to fund indemnity escrows. Within our Decision Analytics segment, SA’s solutions and application set will allow our customers to take advantage of state-of-the-art loss forecasting, stress testing, and economic capital requirement tools to better understand and forecast the risk associated within their credit portfolios. See Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K for the purchase allocation.
 
On October 30, 2009, we acquired the net assets of Enabl-u Technology Corporation, Inc, or Enabl-u, a privately owned provider of data management, training and communication solutions to companies with regional, national or global work forces. We believe this acquisition will enhance our ability to provide solutions for customers to measure loss prevention and improve asset management through the use of software and software services.
 
On July 24, 2009, we acquired the net assets of TierMed Systems, LLC, or TierMed, a privately owned provider of Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set, or HEDIS, solutions to healthcare organizations that have HEDIS or quality-reporting needs. We believe this acquisition will enhance our ability to provide solutions for customers to measure and improve healthcare quality and financial performance through the use of software and software services.
 
On January 14, 2009, we acquired 100% of the stock of D2 Hawkeye, Inc., or D2, a privately-owned provider of data mining, decision support, clinical quality analysis, and risk analysis tools for the healthcare industry. We believe this acquisition will enhance our position in the healthcare analytics and predictive modeling market by providing new market, cross-sell, and diversification opportunities for the Company’s expanding healthcare solutions.
 
Equity Compensation Costs
 
We have a leveraged ESOP, funded with intercompany debt that includes 401(k), ESOP and profit sharing components to provide employees with equity participation. We make quarterly cash contributions to the plan equal to the debt service requirements. As the debt is repaid, shares are released to the ESOP to fund 401(k) matching and profit sharing contributions and the remainder is allocated annually to active employees in proportion to their eligible compensation in relation to total participants’ eligible compensation.
 
We accrue compensation expense over the reporting period equal to the fair value of the shares to be released to the ESOP. Depending on the number of shares released to the plan during the quarter and the fluctuation in the fair value of the shares, a corresponding increase or decrease in compensation expense will


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occur. The amount of our equity compensation costs recognized for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008 are as follows:
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
          (In thousands)        
 
ESOP costs by contribution type:
                       
401(k) matching contribution expense
  $ 9,932     $ 7,604     $ 8,570  
Profit sharing contribution expense
    1,641       1,139       1,141  
ESOP allocation expense
          67,322       12,563  
                         
Total ESOP cost
  $ 11,573     $ 76,065     $ 22,274  
                         
ESOP costs by segment:
                       
Risk Assessment ESOP costs
  $ 6,861     $ 43,641     $ 14,055  
Decision Analytics ESOP costs
    4,712       32,424       8,219  
                         
Total ESOP cost
  $ 11,573     $ 76,065     $ 22,274  
                         
 
In connection with our IPO, on October 6, 2009, we accelerated our future ESOP allocation contribution through the end of the ESOP in 2013, to all participants eligible for a contribution in 2009. This resulted in a non-recurring non-cash charge of approximately $57.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2009. As a result, subsequent to the offering, the non-cash ESOP allocation expense was substantially reduced for future periods. Excluding the ESOP allocation, expense relating specifically to our 401(k) and profit sharing plans were $11.6 million, $8.7 million and $9.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively.
 
In addition, the portion of the ESOP allocation expense related to the appreciation of the value of the shares in the ESOP above the value of those shares when the ESOP was first established is not tax deductible.
 
Prior to our IPO, we granted to key employees nonqualified stock options covered under the Insurance Services Office, Inc. 1996 Incentive Plan, or the Option Plan. Subsequent to the IPO, nonqualified stock options granted to key employees are covered under the Verisk Analytics, Inc. 2009 Equity Incentive Plan, the Incentive Plan. All of the Company’s outstanding stock options are covered under the Incentive Plan or the Option Plan. See Stock-Based Compensation section within our Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates and Note 16 in our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Prior to our IPO, our Class A stock and vested stock options were recorded within redeemable common stock at full redemption value at each balance sheet date, as the redemption of these securities was not solely within the control of the Company. Effective with the corporate reorganization that occurred on October 6, 2009, we are no longer obligated to redeem Class A stock and therefore are not required to present our Class A stock and vested stock options at redemption value. Our financial results for the fourth quarter of 2009 reflect a reversal of the redeemable common stock. The reversal of the redeemable common stock of $1,064.9 million on October 6, 2009 resulted in the elimination of accumulated deficit of $440.6 million, an increase of $0.1 million to Class A common stock at par value, an increase of $624.3 million to additional paid-in-capital, and a reclassification of the ISO Class A unearned common stock shares balance within the ISO 401(k) Savings and Employee Stock Ownership Plan, or KSOP, of $1.3 million to unearned KSOP contributions. See Note 14 in our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Public Company Expenses
 
Beginning in 2008, our selling, general and administrative costs increased as we prepared for our IPO. These costs were $7.0 million and $6.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 and negatively affected our EBITDA margins by 0.7% for each of the year ended December 31, 2009 and 2008. Following our IPO, we incurred additional selling, general and administrative expenses related to operating as a public company, such as increased legal and accounting expenses, the cost of an investor relations function,


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costs related to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and increased director and officer insurance premiums.
 
Results of Operations
 
Year Ended December 31, 2010 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2009
 
Consolidated Results of Operations
 
Revenues
 
Revenues were $1,138.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $1,027.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $111.2 million or 10.8%. In 2010 and the latter half of 2009, we acquired five companies, TierMed, Enabl-u, Strategic Analytics, CP, and 3E, collectively referred to as recent acquisitions, which we define as acquisitions not owned for a significant portion of both the current period and/or prior period and would therefore impact the comparability of the financial results. Recent acquisitions provided an increase of $10.5 million in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2010. Excluding recent acquisitions, revenues increased $100.7 million, which included an increase in our Risk Assessment segment of $18.1 million and an increase in our Decision Analytics segment of $82.6 million. Refer to the Results of Operations by Segment within this section for further information regarding our revenues.
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues was $463.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $491.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $27.8 million or 5.7%. This decrease was primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation that occurred in 2009, which resulted in the elimination of substantially all future ESOP allocation expense. In 2010 and 2009, our ESOP allocation expense for the year was $0.0 million and $51.9 million, respectively. The reduction in our cost of revenues was offset by recent acquisitions, which provided an increase of $6.4 million in cost for the year ended December 31, 2010. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 and the cost associated with our recent acquisitions, our cost of revenues increased $17.7 million or 4.0%. The increase was primarily due to increases in salaries and employee benefits cost of $16.9 million; $4.1 million of data and consultants costs incurred in connection with the growth in our property-specific rating and underwriting information, and fraud identification and detection solutions; and other general expenses of $0.3 million. These increases in costs were partially offset by a $2.7 million increase in state employment tax credit and a reduction in office maintenance expense of $0.9 million.
 
The increase in salaries and employee benefits of $16.9 million includes an increase of $24.6 million in annual salaries and employee benefits such as medical costs and long-term incentive plan, and was partially offset by a decrease of $7.7 million in pension costs. The increase in salaries and benefit costs is related to a modest increase in employee headcount, primarily in Decision Analytics. The pension cost decreased $7.7 million primarily due to the partial recovery in 2009 of the fair value of our pension investments.
 
Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, or SGA, were $166.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $162.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $3.8 million or 2.3%. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 of $15.4 million and costs associated with our recent acquisitions of $4.8 million, SGA increased $14.4 million or 9.8%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits of $14.4 million, which includes annual salary increases, medical costs, commissions, and long-term incentive plan. Other increases were costs related to advertising and marketing of $2.5 million and other general expenses of $2.1 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in legal costs primarily related to our IPO in 2009 of $2.8 million and a reduction in pension cost of $1.8 million.


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Depreciation and Amortization of Fixed Assets
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets was $40.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $38.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $2.1 million or 5.6%. Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets includes depreciation of furniture and equipment, software, computer hardware, and related equipment. The majority of the increase relates to software and hardware costs to support data capacity expansion and revenue growth.
 
Amortization of Intangible Assets
 
Amortization of intangible assets was $27.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $32.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $5.2 million or 16.0%. This decrease was primarily related to a decrease of $6.3 million of amortization of intangible assets associated with prior acquisitions that have been fully amortized; partially offset by $1.1 million of amortization of intangible assets associated with recent acquisitions.
 
Acquisition Related Liabilities Adjustment
 
Acquisition related liabilities adjustment was a benefit of $0.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2010; there was no such adjustment in 2009. This benefit was as a result of a reduction of $0.5 million to contingent consideration due to the reduced probability of TierMed, a recent acquisition, achieving the EBITDA and revenue earnout targets set at the time of the acquisition.
 
Investment Income and Realized Gains/(Losses) on Securities, Net
 
Investment income and realized gains/(losses) on securities, net, was a gain of $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to a loss of $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $2.5 million.
 
Interest Expense
 
Interest expense was $34.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $35.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $0.6 million or 1.7%. This decrease was primarily due to reduced interest costs as a result of a decrease in average debt outstanding of approximately $605 million in 2010 compared to approximately $650 million in 2009, coupled with a decrease in our interest rate on borrowings from our syndicated revolving credit facility from LIBOR plus 2.50% to LIBOR plus 1.75%. The decrease in borrowing rate was the result of an amendment to the facility on September 10, 2010. These reductions were partially offset by an increase in the amortization of debt issuance costs related to the syndicated credit facility, which had been entered into in July of 2009.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
The provision for income taxes was $164.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $138.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $26.1 million or 18.9%. The effective tax rate was 40.4% for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to 52.2% for the year ended December 31, 2009. The effective rate for the year ended December 31, 2010 was lower due to a decrease in nondeductible expenses in 2010 versus 2009 related to the KSOP.
 
EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our consolidated results was 44.7% for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to 36.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009. Our EBITDA margin does not reflect any ESOP allocation expense in 2010 due to the accelerated ESOP allocation that occurred in 2009. The ESOP allocation expense of $67.3 million in 2009 negatively impacted our 2009 EBITDA margin by approximately 6.6%. Also included in the calculation of our 2009 EBITDA margin are costs of $7.0 million associated with the preparation of our IPO for the year ended December 31, 2009, which also negatively impacted our margin by


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0.7%. For our 2010 EBITDA margin, a decrease in pension costs of $9.5 million positively impacted our margin by approximately 0.8%.
 
Results of Operations by Segment
 
Risk Assessment
 
Revenues
 
Revenues were $542.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 as compared to $524.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $18.1 million or 3.5%. The overall increase within this segment primarily resulted from an increase in prices derived from continued enhancements to the content of our industry-standard insurance programs’ solutions and the addition of new customers. The increase of $5.0 million or 3.8% within property-specific rating and underwriting information revenues is due partially to growth in property appraisal solutions and community rating services.
 
Our revenue by category for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
                         
    Year Ended
       
    December 31,     Percentage
 
    2010     2009     Change  
    (In thousands)        
 
Industry-standard insurance programs
  $ 353,501     $ 341,079       3.6 %
Property-specific rating and underwriting information
    137,071       132,027       3.8 %
Statistical agency and data services
    29,357       28,619       2.6 %
Actuarial services
    22,209       22,251       (0.2 )%
                         
Total Risk Assessment
  $ 542,138     $ 523,976       3.5 %
                         
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues for our Risk Assessment segment was $194.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $230.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $35.8 million or 15.5%. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 of $29.7 million, our cost of revenues decreased by $6.1 million or 3.0%. This decrease was primarily due to decrease in salaries and employee benefits costs of $3.1 million, a $2.2 million increase in state employment tax credit, office maintenance expense of $1.1 million and $0.7 million of other general expenses. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in data and consultant costs of $1.0 million incurred primarily in connection with the revenues from our property-specific rating and underwriting information solutions.
 
The decrease in salaries and employee benefits of $3.1 million includes $6.5 million reduction in pension costs and was partially offset by an increase of $3.4 million in salary and employee benefit costs, which include annual salary increases and long-term incentive plans across a relatively constant employee headcount.
 
Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for our Risk Assessment segment were $79.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $82.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, a decrease of $3.5 million or 4.3%. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 of $8.7 million, SGA increased $5.2 million or 7.0%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits of $6.1 million, which includes annual salary increases, medical costs, commissions, and long-term incentive plan expense and an increase in other general expenses of $1.4 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in pension cost of $1.4 million and decrease in legal costs primarily related to our IPO in 2009 of $0.9 million.


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EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our Risk Assessment segment was 49.5% for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to 40.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009. The impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation of $38.4 million in 2009 negatively affected our margin by approximately 7.3%. In addition, included in our 2009 EBITDA margin are costs of $4.0 million associated with the preparation of our IPO for the year ended December 31, 2009, which negatively impacted our margin of 0.8%. For our 2010 EBITDA margin, decreased pension costs of $7.9 million positively impacted our margin by approximately 1.5%.
 
Decision Analytics
 
Revenues
 
Revenues for our Decision Analytics segment were $596.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $503.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $93.1 million or 18.5%. Recent acquisitions accounted for an increase of $10.5 million in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2010. Our fraud identification and detection solutions revenue increased $47.7 million or 17.5%. Excluding the recent acquisitions, our fraud identification and detection solutions revenue increased $42.5 million primarily due to an increase in services sold in our fraud detection and forensic audit services for the mortgage lenders and mortgage insurance industries. Revenue increased in our loss prediction solutions of $21.1 million or 15.4%. Excluding the recent acquisitions, our loss prediction solutions increased $15.8 million primarily due to new customers and increased penetration of our existing customers. Our loss quantification solution revenues increased $24.3 million or 26.2%, as a result of new customer contracts and new solutions.
 
Our revenue by category for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
                         
    Year Ended
       
    December 31,     Percentage
 
    2010     2009     Change  
    (In thousands)        
 
Fraud identification and detection solutions
  $ 320,781     $ 273,103       17.5 %
Loss prediction solutions
    158,406       137,328       15.4 %
Loss quantification solutions
    117,018       92,697       26.2 %
                         
Total Decision Analytics
  $ 596,205     $ 503,128       18.5 %
                         
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues for our Decision Analytics segment was $268.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $260.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $8.0 million or 3.0%. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 of $22.2 million and costs associated with recent acquisitions of $6.4 million, our cost of revenues increased by $23.8 million or 10.0%. This increase is primarily due to an increase in salary and employee benefits of $20.0 million; data and consultant costs of $3.1 million incurred primarily related to the revenue growth in our fraud identification and detection solutions; other general expenses of $1.0 million; and office maintenance expense of $0.2 million offset by a $0.5 million increase in state employment tax credit.
 
The increase in salaries and employee benefits of $20.0 million includes $21.2 million increase in salaries and employee benefit costs, medical expense, and long-term incentive plans, including the IPO stock option grant; and is partially offset by decreases in pension of $1.2 million. The increase in salaries and benefit costs is related to a modest increase in employee headcount relative to the 18.5% revenue growth in our Decision Analytic revenues.


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Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for our Decision Analytics segment were $87.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $80.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009, an increase of $7.3 million or 9.2%. Excluding the impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation in 2009 of $6.7 million and cost associated with recent acquisitions of $4.8 million, SGA increased $9.2 million or 12.5%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits of $8.3 million, which includes annual salary increases, medical costs, commissions, and long-term incentive plan. Other increases were costs related to advertising and marketing of $2.4 million and an increase in other general expenses of $0.8 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in legal costs primarily related to our IPO of $1.9 million and decreased pension cost of $0.4 million.
 
EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our Decision Analytics segment was 40.3% for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to 32.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009. The impact of the accelerated ESOP allocation of $28.9 million in 2009 negatively affected our margin by approximately 5.8%. In addition, included in our 2009 EBITDA margin are IPO related costs of $3.0 million, which negatively impacted our margin by 0.6%.
 
Year Ended December 31, 2009 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2008
 
Consolidated Results of Operations
 
Between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009 we acquired five businesses, which may affect the comparability of our financial statements.
 
Revenues
 
Revenues were $1,027.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $893.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $133.5 million or 14.9%. The acquisitions in the second half of 2008 and the three acquisitions in 2009 accounted for an increase of $33.2 million in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2009. Excluding these acquisitions, revenues increased $100.3 million, which included an increase in our Risk Assessment segment of $19.6 million and an increase in our Decision Analytics segment of $80.7 million.
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues was $491.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $386.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $104.4 million or 27.0%. The increase was primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-recurring non-cash charge of $44.4 million prior to our IPO and costs related to the newly acquired companies of $17.7 million. Excluding the accelerated ESOP allocation and the effect of the newly acquired companies, our cost of revenues increased $42.3 million or 10.9%. The increase was primarily due to costs related to an increase in salaries and employee benefits costs of $32.2 million, which include annual salary increases, medical costs, and pension cost. Pension cost represents $15.0 million of the salaries and employee benefit costs increase due to the decline in the market values of pension investments as a result of the global economic downturn in 2008. Other increases include third party data costs of $10.5 million primarily in our Decision Analytics segment and office maintenance fees of $1.4 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in other operating expenses of $1.8 million, which include travel and auto related costs.
 
Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $162.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $131.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $31.4 million or 23.9%. The increase was primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-recurring


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non-cash charge of $13.3 million prior to our IPO and costs related to the newly acquired companies of $12.7 million. Excluding the accelerated ESOP allocation and the effect of the newly acquired companies, our selling, general and administrative expenses increased $5.4 million or 4.1%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits costs of $10.3 million, which include annual salary increases, medical costs, commissions and pension costs across a relatively constant employee headcount. Pension costs represent $3.1 million of the increases in salaries and employee benefit costs due to the decline in the market values of pension investments as a result of the global economic downturn in 2008. Other increases were attributed to other general expenses of $0.9 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in legal costs of $3.8 million and an insurance cost recovery of $2.0 million.
 
Depreciation and Amortization of Fixed Assets
 
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets was $38.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $35.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $3.3 million or 9.2%. Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets includes depreciation of furniture and equipment, software, computer hardware, and related equipment.
 
Amortization of Intangible Assets
 
Amortization of intangible assets was $32.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $29.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $3.0 million or 10.4%. The increase is the result of the amortization of intangibles from our new acquisitions, partially offset by certain intangible assets having been fully amortized in 2008. We amortize intangible assets obtained through acquisitions over the periods that we expect to derive benefit from such assets.
 
Investment Income and Realized (Losses)/Gains on Securities, Net
 
Investment income and realized (losses)/gains on securities, net was $(2.1) million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $(0.3) million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increased loss of $1.8 million. Investment income for the year ended December 31, 2009 includes $0.3 million of investment income, partially offset by $2.4 million of other-than temporary impairment primarily related to a cost basis private equity investment in a telematics business. Investment income for the year ended December 31, 2008 consisted of $2.2 million of investment income, partially offset by a $(2.5) million realized loss on sale of securities. The decrease in investment income was primarily the result of the termination of the shareholder loan program in 2008.
 
Interest Expense
 
Interest expense was $35.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $31.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $4.0 million or 12.6%. This increase is primarily due to an increase in the weighted average interest rate on our outstanding borrowings during the year ended December 31, 2009.
 
Provision for Income Taxes
 
The provision for income taxes was $138.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $120.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $17.3 million or 14.4%. The effective tax rate was 52.2% for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to 43.3% for the year ended December 31, 2008. The 2009 rate is higher due to the non-recurring, non-cash costs associated with the accelerated ESOP allocation and certain IPO related costs that are not tax deductible.
 
EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our consolidated results was 36.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to 42.0% for the year ended December 31, 2008. Included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin for the year ended December 31, 2009 are non-recurring, non-cash costs of $57.7 million associated with the


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accelerated ESOP allocation prior to our IPO, representing a 5.6% negative impact in EBITDA margin, and increased pension costs of $18.1 million, representing a 1.8% negative impact on our EBITDA margin. Also included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin are costs of $7.0 million and $6.5 million associated with the preparation for our IPO for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, which represents a 0.7% negative impact in EBITDA margin for each period.
 
Results of Operations by Segment
 
Risk Assessment
 
Revenues
 
Revenues for our Risk Assessment segment were $524.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $504.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $19.6 million or 3.9%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in the sales of our industry-standard insurance programs and property-specific rating and underwriting information. The increase in our industry-standard insurance programs primarily resulted from an increase in prices derived from continued enhancements to the content of our solutions and the addition of new customers. The increase in our property-specific rating and underwriting information is particularly due to sales of our rate making and policy administration solutions. Our revenue by category for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
                         
    Year Ended
       
    December 31,     Percentage
 
    2009     2008     Change  
    (In thousands)        
 
Industry-standard insurance programs
  $ 341,079     $ 329,858       3.4 %
Property-specific rating and underwriting information
    132,027       125,835       4.9 %
Statistical agency and data services
    28,619       27,451       4.3 %
Actuarial services
    22,251       21,247       4.7 %
                         
Total Risk Assessment
  $ 523,976     $ 504,391       3.9 %
                         
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues for our Risk Assessment segment was $230.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $199.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $30.6 million or 15.3%. The increase was primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-recurring non-cash charge of $25.4 million prior to our IPO. Excluding the accelerated ESOP allocation, our cost of revenues increased $5.2 million or 2.6%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits costs of $10.1 million, primarily related to pension costs of $12.7 million resulting from the global economic downturn experienced in 2008, partially offset by a decrease in salaries due to a slight reduction in headcount. There was also an increase in office maintenance fees of $0.3 million. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in other operating expenses of $3.8 million, which include decreases in travel and auto related costs, and a decrease in data and consultant costs of $1.4 million.
 
Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses for our Risk Assessment segment were $82.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $81.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $0.7 million or 0.9%. Included within the increase in SGA is the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-recurring non-cash charge of $7.5 million. Excluding this accelerated ESOP charge, our SGA decreased $6.8 million or 8.2%. The decrease was primarily due to lower legal costs of $4.1 million primarily associated with the preparation for our IPO in 2008, an insurance cost recovery of $1.7 million and other general expenses of $1.4 million. These decreases was partially offset by an increase in salaries and employee benefit costs of $0.4 million, which include increased pension costs of $2.4 million offset by a decrease in salaries and other employee benefits.


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EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our Risk Assessment segment was 40.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to 44.2% for the year ended December 31, 2008. Included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin for the year ended December 31, 2009, are non-recurring, non-cash costs of $32.9 million associated with the accelerated ESOP allocation prior to our IPO, representing a 6.3% negative impact in EBITDA margin, and increased pension costs of $15.1 million, representing a 2.8% negative impact on our EBITDA margin. Also included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin are costs of $4.1 and $5.8 million associated with the preparation for our IPO for the year ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, representing a 0.8% and 1.1% negative impact, respectively, in EBITDA margin for each period.
 
Decision Analytics
 
Revenues
 
Revenues for our Decision Analytics segment were $503.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $389.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $113.9 million or 29.3%. In 2008 and 2009, we acquired two companies and three companies, respectively. These acquisitions accounted for $1.3 million and $34.5 million of additional revenues for the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2009, respectively. The increase in revenue relating to the acquisitions was $33.2 million, of which $33.1 million relates to the loss prediction category and $0.1 million relates to the fraud and detection solutions category. Excluding the impact of these acquisitions, revenues increased $80.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. Our fraud and detection solutions revenue increased $59.1 million primarily in our fraud detection and forensic audit services for the home mortgage and mortgage insurance industries as well as in response to the increased scrutiny and refinancing within the mortgage industry. Increased revenue in our loss prediction solutions primarily resulted from our acquisitions and increased penetration of our existing customers. Our loss quantification revenues increased as a result of new customer contracts and volume increases associated with natural disasters experienced in the United States. Our revenue by category for the periods presented is set forth below:
 
                         
    Year Ended
       
    December 31,     Percentage
 
    2009     2008     Change  
    (In thousands)        
 
Fraud identification and detection solutions
  $ 273,103     $ 213,994       27.6 %
Loss prediction solutions
    137,328       95,128       44.4 %
Loss quantification solutions
    92,697       80,037       15.8 %
                         
Total Decision Analytics
  $ 503,128     $ 389,159       29.3 %
                         
 
Cost of Revenues
 
Cost of revenues for our Decision Analytics segment was $260.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $187.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $73.8 million or 39.5%. The increase was primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-cash non-recurring charge of $19.0 million prior to our IPO and costs related to the newly acquired companies of $17.7 million. Excluding the accelerated ESOP allocation and the effect of the newly acquired companies, our cost of revenues increased $37.1 million or 19.8%. The increase is primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits of $22.1 million, which includes annual salary increases, medical costs and equity compensation and pension costs. This increase in salaries and employee benefit costs is related to a modest increase in employee headcount relative to the 27.6% revenue growth in our fraud identification and detection solutions and to an increase pension cost of $2.3 million due to the global economic downturn experienced in 2008. Other increases include third party data costs of $11.9 million, an increase in other operating expenses of $2.0 million, which include technology costs, and an increase in office maintenance costs of $1.1 million.


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Selling, General and Administrative
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses were $80.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $49.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008, an increase of $30.7 million or 62.2%. The increase is primarily due to the accelerated ESOP allocation, which resulted in a non-cash non-recurring charge of $5.8 million prior to our IPO and costs related to the newly acquired companies of $12.7 million. Excluding the accelerated ESOP allocation and the effect of the newly acquired companies, our SGA increased $12.2 million or 24.7%. The increase was primarily due to an increase in salaries and employee benefits costs of $9.9 million, which include annual salary increases, medical costs and pension cost of $0.7 million. Other increases include an increase in legal costs of $0.3 million, and other general expenses of $2.3 million, partially offset by an insurance cost recovery of $0.3 million.
 
EBITDA Margin
 
The EBITDA margin for our Decision Analytics segment was 32.3% for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to 39.2% for the year ended December 31, 2008. Included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin for the year ended December 31, 2009 are non-recurring non-cash costs of $24.8 million associated with the accelerated ESOP allocation prior to our IPO, representing a 4.9% negative impact in EBITDA margin, and increased pension costs of $3.0 million, representing a 0.6% negative impact on our EBITDA margin. Also included in the calculation of our EBITDA margin are costs of $2.9 and $0.7 million associated with the preparation for our IPO for the years ended December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 representing a 0.6% and 0.2% negative impact, respectively, in EBITDA margin.
 
Quarterly Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth our quarterly unaudited consolidated statement of operations data for each of the eight quarters in the period ended December 31, 2010. In management’s opinion, the data has been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K, and reflects all necessary adjustments for a fair presentation of this data. The results of historical periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for a full year or any future period.
 
                                                                                 
    For the Quarter Ended           For the Quarter Ended        
    March 31,     June 30,     September 30,     December 31,     Full Year     March 31,     June 30,     September 30,     December 31,     Full Year  
    2010     2010     2009     2009  
 
Statement of income data:
                                                                               
Revenues
  $ 276,154     $ 281,677     $ 287,354     $ 293,158     $ 1,138,343     $ 245,751     $ 257,916     $ 258,311     $ 265,126     $ 1,027,104  
Operating income
  $ 106,414     $ 107,075     $ 113,718     $ 113,707     $ 440,914     $ 87,203     $ 87,851     $ 84,795     $ 42,158     $ 302,007  
Net income/(loss)
  $ 55,375     $ 58,404     $ 62,880     $ 65,893     $ 242,552     $ 44,915     $ 45,939     $ 42,205     $ (6,445 )   $ 126,614  
Basic net income/(loss) per share:
  $ 0.31     $ 0.32     $ 0.35     $ 0.38     $ 1.36     $ 0.26     $ 0.27     $ 0.24     $ (0.04 )   $ 0.72  
Diluted net income/(loss) per share:
  $ 0.29     $ 0.31     $ 0.34     $ 0.37     $ 1.30     $ 0.25     $ 0.26     $ 0.23     $ (0.03 )   $ 0.70  
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of December 31, 2010 and 2009 we had cash and cash equivalents and available-for-sale securities of $60.6 million and $77.0 million, respectively. Subscriptions for our solutions are billed and generally paid in advance of rendering services either quarterly or in full upon commencement of the subscription period, which is usually for one year. Subscriptions are automatically renewed at the beginning of each calendar year. We have historically generated significant cash flows from operations. As a result of this factor, as well as the availability of funds under our syndicated revolving credit facility, we believe we will have sufficient cash to meet our working capital and capital expenditure needs, including acquisition contingent payments, and to fuel our future growth plans.
 
We have historically managed the business with a working capital deficit due to the fact that, as described above, we offer our solutions and services primarily through annual subscriptions or long-term contracts, which are generally prepaid quarterly or annually in advance of the services being rendered. When cash is received for prepayment of invoices, we record an asset (cash and cash equivalents) on our balance


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sheet with the offset recorded as a current liability (fees received in advance). This current liability is deferred revenue that does not require a direct cash outflow since our customers have prepaid and are obligated to purchase the services. In most businesses, growth in revenue typically leads to an increase in the accounts receivable balance causing a use of cash as a company grows. Unlike these businesses, our cash position is favorably affected by revenue growth, which results in a source of cash due to our customers prepaying for most of our services.
 
Our capital expenditures, which include non-cash purchases of fixed assets and capital lease obligations, as a percentage of revenues for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008 were 3.6%, 4.3%, and 3.7%, respectively. We estimate our capital expenditures for 2011 will be approximately $60.0 million, which primarily include expenditures on our technology infrastructure and our continuing investments in developing and enhancing our solutions. Expenditures related to developing and enhancing our solutions are predominately related to internal use software and are capitalized in accordance with ASC 350-40, “Accounting for Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use.” The amounts capitalized in accordance with ASC 985-20,Software to be Sold, Leased or Otherwise Marketed,” are not significant to the financial statements.
 
We have also historically used a portion of our cash for repurchases of our common stock from our stockholders. For the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009, and 2008 we repurchased and redeemed $422.3 million, $46.7 million and $392.6 million, respectively, of our common stock. Included in the 2010 share repurchases are repurchases of $209.8 million of Class B, including $199.9 million and $9.9 million of Verisk Class B-1 and Class B-2, respectively, which were not a part of the Repurchase Program. A substantial portion of the share redemption included in the total above was completed pursuant to the terms of the Insurance Service Office, Inc. 1996 Incentive Plan, or the Option Plan.
 
We provide pension and postretirement benefits to certain qualifying active employees and retirees. Based on the pension funding policy, we expect to contribute approximately $25.8 million to the pension plan in 2011. Under the postretirement plan, we provide certain healthcare and life insurance benefits to qualifying participants; however, participants are required to pay a stated percentage of the premium coverage. We expect to contribute approximately $4.2 million to the postretirement plan in 2011. See Note 17 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Financing and Financing Capacity
 
We had total debt, excluding capital lease and other obligations, of $835.0 million and $585.0 million at December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The debt at December 31, 2010 was held under long-term loan facilities drawn to finance our stock repurchases and acquisitions.
 
As of December 31, 2010, our $575 million Syndicated Revolving Credit Facility due September 2014, or credit facility, is a committed facility, where as all of our long-term loan facilities are uncommitted facilities. We have financed and expect to finance our short-term working capital needs, stock repurchases and acquisition contingent payments through cash from operations and borrowings from a combination of our long-term facilities and our credit facility.
 
On January 19, 2010 and January 25, 2010, we repaid $10.0 million and $50.0 million, respectively, of our outstanding borrowings from the credit facility. On September 10, 2010, we amended our credit facility to increase the capacity by $155.0 million to $575.0 million, to extend the maturity of the credit facility to September 10, 2014 and to modify certain restrictions. We paid a one-time fee of $1.8 million, reduced our ongoing unused facility fees from 0.375% to 0.200% and reduced our borrowing rate from LIBOR plus 2.50% to LIBOR plus 1.75%. The one-time fee will be amortized over a four-year period, which is consistent with the remaining life of the credit facility. We had borrowings of $310.0 million and $60.0 million from our credit facility outstanding as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. We had available capacity of $263.0 million from our credit facility at December 31, 2010. Upon completion of our follow-on offering on October 1, 2010, we funded a portion of our share repurchase with proceeds from borrowings of $160.0 million under our credit facility of which we have repaid $105.0 million as of December 31, 2010. We also funded the acquisitions of 100% of the common stock of 3E Company and Crowe Paradis Services Corporation on


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December 16, 2010 and December 14, 2010, respectively, with a portion of the proceeds from borrowings from our credit facility of $255.0 million.
 
The $575 million credit facility contains certain customary financial and other covenants that, among other things, impose certain restrictions on indebtedness, liens, investments, and capital expenditures. These covenants also place restrictions on mergers, asset sales, sale and leaseback transactions, payments between us and our subsidiaries, cross defaults, and certain transactions with affiliates. The financial covenants require that, at the end of any fiscal quarter, we have a consolidated interest coverage ratio of at least 3.0 to 1.0 and that during any period of four fiscal quarters we maintain a consolidated funded debt leverage ratio of below 3.0 to 1.0. We were in compliance with all debt covenants under the credit facility as of December 31, 2010.
 
We also have long-term loan facilities under uncommitted master shelf agreements with Aviva Investors North America, or Aviva, New York Life and Prudential Capital Group, or Prudential, with capacities at December 31, 2010 in the amounts of $20.0 million, $30.0 million and $115.0 million, respectively. We can borrow under the Aviva Master Shelf Agreement until December 10, 2011. On March 16, 2010, we amended the New York Life Master Shelf Agreement to increase the authorization of additional senior promissory notes from $100.0 million to $115.0 million, and to extend the maturity of the agreement through March 16, 2013. On August 30, 2010, we amended the Prudential Master Shelf Agreement to extend the maturity of the agreement through August 30, 2013.
 
On June 15, 2009, we repaid our $100.0 million Prudential Series D senior notes. In order to pay the Prudential Series D senior notes, we issued Series J senior promissory notes under the uncommitted master shelf agreement with Prudential in the aggregate principal amount of $50.0 million due June 15, 2016 and borrowed $50.0 million from our revolving credit facility with Bank of America N.A. Interest on the Prudential Series J senior notes is payable quarterly at a fixed rate of 6.85% on the senior promissory notes.
 
On April 27, 2009, we issued a senior promissory note under an uncommitted master shelf agreement with Aviva in the aggregate principal amount of $30.0 million due April 27, 2013. Interest is payable quarterly at a fixed rate of 6.46%.
 
The notes outstanding under these facilities mature over the next six years. Individual borrowings are made at a fixed rate of interest determined at the time of the borrowing and interest is payable quarterly. The weighted average rate of interest with respect to our outstanding borrowings under these facilities was 6.07% and 6.11% for the years ended December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The uncommitted master shelf agreements contain certain covenants that limit our ability to create liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions and consolidate, merge or sell assets to another company. The Aviva and New York Life Master Shelf Agreements also contain financial covenants that require us to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 275% during any period of four fiscal quarters and a leverage ratio of no more than 300% at the end of any fiscal quarter. The Prudential Master Shelf Agreement also contains financial covenants that require that, at the end of any fiscal quarter, we have a consolidated interest coverage ratio of at least 3.0 to 1.0 and a leverage ratio of no more than 300% at the end of any fiscal quarter. We were in compliance with all debt covenants under our master shelf agreements as of December 31, 2010.
 
.
 
Cash Flow
 
The following table summarizes our cash flow data for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008:
 
                         
    For the Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
  $ 336,032     $ 326,401     $ 247,906  
Net cash used in investing activities
  $ (243,689 )   $ (185,340 )   $ (130,466 )
Net cash used in financing activities
  $ (108,787 )   $ (102,809 )   $ (107,376 )


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Operating Activities
 
Net cash provided by operating activities increased to $336.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 compared to $326.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in operating activities was primarily due to an increase in cash receipts from customers and a reduction in interest payments, partially offset by an increase in operating expense and tax payments during the year ended December 31, 2010. Increased pension contributions of $15.0 million in 2010, as well as the timing of certain annual bonus payments, mitigated the growth in our operating cash flow during the year ended December 31, 2010.
 
Net cash provided by operating activities increased to $326.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 compared to $247.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was principally due to an increase in cash receipts of $141.5 million, a decrease in excess tax benefit from exercised stock options of $6.1 million, a decrease in payments of acquisition related liabilities of $1.9 million, and a decrease in salary and employee related payments of $10.2 million due to an additional pay-cycle that occurred in 2008. Our payroll is processed on a bi-weekly basis thereby requiring an additional pay-cycle once every ten years. This increase in net cash provided by operating activities was partially offset by an increase in operating expense related payments of $63.6 million, an increase in tax payments of $12.1 million and an increase in interest payments of $5.2 million.
 
Investing Activities
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $243.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 and $185.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to an increase in acquisitions, including escrow funding, of $136.6 million partially offset by a decrease in earnout payments of $78.1 million.
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $185.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $130.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The increase in net cash used in investing activities was principally due to increased cash paid for acquisitions, including escrow funding, of $48.5 million and an increase in purchases of fixed assets of $8.0 million.
 
Financing Activities
 
Net cash used in financing activities was $108.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 and $102.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009. The increase in net cash used in financing activities can be attributed to an increase in share repurchases of $388.4 million primarily through our Repurchase Program and the shares repurchased as part of our follow-on public offering on October 1, 2010. The increase was partially offset by net debt receipts of $325.6 million and cash inflows from stock option exercises of $56.8 million.
 
Net cash used in financing activities was $102.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and $107.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2008. The decrease in net cash used in financing activities was principally due to a decrease in the repurchases of stock of $345.8 million, partially offset by a decrease in net proceeds from the issuance of long-term and short-term debt of $312.5 million, a decrease in proceeds from stock options exercised of $22.6 million and a decrease in excess tax benefit from stock options exercised of $6.1 million.


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Contractual Obligations
 
The following table summarizes our contractual obligations and commercial commitments at December 31, 2010 and the future periods in which such obligations are expected to be settled in cash:
 
                                         
    Payments Due by Period  
          Less than
                More than
 
    Total     1 Year     1-3 years     3-5 years     5 Years  
    (In thousands)  
 
Contractual obligations
                                       
Debt
  $ 934,461     $ 465,464     $ 225,611     $ 191,838     $ 51,548  
Capital lease obligations
    4,162       2,511       1,547       104        
Operating leases
    207,009       26,226       49,459       41,780       89,544  
Earnout and contingent payments
    7,893       3,500       4,393              
Pension and postretirement plans(1)
    204,179       30,392       67,949       64,496       41,342  
Other long-term liabilities(2)
    12,843       740       748       8,086       3,269  
                                         
Total(3)
  $ 1,370,547     $ 528,833     $ 349,707     $ 306,304     $ 185,703  
                                         
 
 
(1) Our funding policy is to contribute at least equal to the minimum legal funding requirement.
 
(2) Other long-term liabilities consist of our ESOP contributions and employee-related deferred compensation plan. We also have a deferred compensation plan for our Board of Directors; however, based on past performance and the uncertainty of the dollar amounts to be paid, if any, we have excluded such amounts from the above table.
 
(3) Unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $23.0 million have been recorded as liabilities in accordance with ASC 740, which have been omitted from the table above, as we are uncertain as to if or when such amounts may be settled, with the exception of those amounts subject to a statute of limitation. Related to the unrecognized tax benefits, we also have recorded a liability for potential penalties and interest of $7.8 million.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Our management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements require management to make estimates and judgments that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. These estimates are based on historical experience and on other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, goodwill and intangible assets, pension and other post retirement benefits, stock-based compensation, and income taxes. Actual results may differ from these assumptions or conditions.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
The Company’s revenues are primarily derived from sales of services and revenue is recognized as services are performed and information is delivered to our customers. Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, fees and/or price are fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenues for subscription services are recognized ratably over the subscription term, usually one year. Revenues from transaction-based fees are recognized as information is delivered to customers, assuming all other revenue recognition criteria are met.


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The Company also has term based software licenses where the only remaining undelivered element is post-contract customer support or PCS, including unspecified upgrade rights on a when and if available basis. The Company recognizes revenue for these licenses ratably over the duration of the license term. The Company also provides hosting or software solutions that provide continuous access to information and include PCS and recognizes revenue ratably over the duration of the license term. In addition, the determination of certain of our services revenues requires the use of estimates, principally related to transaction volumes in instances where these volumes are reported to us by our clients on a monthly basis in arrears. In these instances, we estimate transaction volumes based on average actual volumes reported by our customers in the past. Differences between our estimates and actual final volumes reported are recorded in the period in which actual volumes are reported. We have not experienced significant variances between our estimates of these services revenues reported to us by our customers and actual reported volumes in the past.
 
We invoice our customers in annual, quarterly, or monthly installments. Amounts billed and collected in advance are recorded as fees received in advance on the balance sheet and are recognized as the services are performed and revenue recognition criteria are met.
 
Stock-Based Compensation
 
On January 1, 2005, we adopted the new accounting standard for Share Based Payment using a prospective approach, which required us to record compensation expense for all awards granted after the date of adoption based on the grant date fair value. As the majority of annual grants have a four year vesting term, the compensation expense for 2005 through 2007 is not comparable in subsequent periods, as there is no compensation expense recorded for the vesting of awards granted from 2002 through 2004. The following table illustrates the amount of annual compensation expense resulting from the implementation of this standard using the prospective approach for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.
 
                         
    Year Ended December 31,  
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
2005 grants
  $     $ 757     $ 2,209  
2006 grants
    395       1,730       1,870  
2007 grants
    2,300       2,056       2,561  
2008 grants
    2,542       2,669       3,241  
2009 grants
    9,131       5,532        
2010 grants
    6,930              
                         
Total stock-based compensation
  $ 21,298     $ 12,744     $ 9,881  
                         
 
The fair value of equity awards is measured on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which requires the use of several estimates, including expected term, expected risk-free interest rate, expected volatility and expected dividend yield.
 
Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the awards granted, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. Option grants are expensed ratably over the four-year vesting period. We follow the substantive vesting period approach for awards granted after January 1, 2005, which requires that stock-based compensation expense be recognized over the period from the date of grant to the date when the award is no longer contingent on the employee providing additional service.
 
We estimate expected forfeitures of equity awards at the date of grant and recognize compensation expense only for those awards expected to vest. The forfeiture assumption is ultimately adjusted to the actual forfeiture rate.
 
Prior to our IPO, the fair value of the common stock underlying the stock-based compensation was determined quarterly on or about the final day of the quarter. The valuation methodology was based on a variety of qualitative and quantitative factors including the nature of the business and history of the enterprise,


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the economic outlook in general, the condition of the specific industries in which we operate, the financial condition of the business, our ability to generate free cash flow, and goodwill or other intangible asset value.
 
The fair value of our common stock was determined using generally accepted valuation methodologies, including the use of the guideline company method. This determination of fair market value employs both a comparable company analysis, which examines the valuation multiples of public companies deemed comparable, in whole or in part, to us and a discounted cash flow analysis that determines a present value of the projected future cash flows of the business. The comparable companies are comprised of a combination of public companies in the financial services information and technology businesses. These methodologies have been consistently applied since 1997. We regularly assess the underlying assumptions used in the valuation methodologies, including the comparable companies to be used in the analysis, the future forecasts of revenue and earnings, and the impact of market conditions on factors such as the weighted average cost of capital. These assumptions are reviewed quarterly, with a more comprehensive evaluation performed annually. For the comparable company analysis, the share price and financial performance of these comparables were updated quarterly based on the most recent public information. Our stock price was also impacted by the number of shares outstanding. As the number of shares outstanding has declined over time, our share price has increased. The determination of the fair value of our common stock required us to make judgments that were complex and inherently subjective. If different assumptions are used in future periods, stock-based compensation expense could be materially impacted in the future.
 
Goodwill and Intangibles
 
Goodwill represents the excess of acquisition costs over the fair value of tangible net assets and identifiable intangible assets of the businesses acquired. Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized. Intangible assets determined to have definite lives are amortized over their useful lives. Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives are subject to impairment testing annually as of June 30, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable, using the guidance and criteria described in the accounting standard for Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. This testing compares carrying values to fair values and, when appropriate, the carrying value of these assets is reduced to fair value.
 
As of December 31, 2010, we had goodwill and net intangible assets of $832.9 million, which represents 68.4% of our total assets. During fiscal year 2010, we performed an impairment test as of June 30, 2010 and confirmed that no impairment charge was necessary. There are many assumptions and estimates used that directly impact the results of impairment testing, including an estimate of future expected revenues, earnings and cash flows, useful lives and discount rates applied to such expected cash flows in order to estimate fair value. We have the ability to influence the outcome and ultimate results based on the assumptions and estimates we choose for determining the fair value of our reporting units. To mitigate undue influence, we set criteria and benchmarks that are reviewed and approved by various levels of management and reviewed by other independent parties. The determination of whether or not goodwill or indefinite-lived acquired intangible assets have become impaired involves a significant level of judgment in the assumptions and estimates underlying the approach used to determine the value of our reporting units. Changes in our strategy or market conditions could significantly impact these judgments and require adjustments to recorded amounts of intangible assets and goodwill. Neither our initial valuation nor our subsequent analysis have indicated any impairment of our goodwill asset of $632.7 million as of December 31, 2010.
 
Pension and Postretirement
 
We account for our pension and postretirement benefit plans in accordance with the accounting standard for Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans. This standard requires that employers recognize on a prospective basis the funded status of their defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans on their consolidated balance sheets and recognize as a component of other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax, the gains or losses and prior service costs or credits that arise during the period but are not recognized as components of net periodic benefit cost.


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Additional minimum pension liabilities and related intangible assets are also derecognized upon adoption of the new standard.
 
As of December 31, 2009, we adopted the new disclosure requirements that require disclosures about pension plan assets including how investment allocation decisions are made; including the factors that are pertinent to an understanding of investment policies and strategies, the major categories of plan assets, the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets, the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) on changes in plan assets for the period and significant concentrations of risk within the plan assets. See Note 17 to our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Certain assumptions are used in the determination of our annual net period benefit cost and the disclosure of the funded status of these plans. The principal assumptions concern the discount rate used to measure the projected benefit obligation, the expected return on plan assets and the expected rate of future compensation increases. We revise these assumptions based on an annual evaluation of long-term trends and market conditions that may have an impact on the cost of providing retirement benefits.
 
In determining the discount rate, we utilize quoted rates from long-term bond indices, and changes in long-term bond rates over the past year, cash flow models and other data sources we consider reasonable based upon the profile of the remaining service life of eligible employees. As part of our evaluation, we calculate the approximate average yields on securities that were selected to match our separate projected cash flows for both the pension and postretirement plans. Our separate benefit plan cash flows are input into actuarial models that include data for corporate bonds rated AA or better at the measurement date. The output from the actuarial models are assessed against the prior year’s discount rate and quoted rates for long-term bond indices. For our pension plan at December 31, 2010, we determined this rate to be 5.49%, a decrease of 0.25% from the 5.74% rate used at December 31, 2009. Our postretirement rate is 4.00% at December 31, 2010, a decrease of 0.50% from the 4.50% used at December 31, 2009.
 
The expected return on plan assets of 8.25% as of December 31, 2010 is determined by taking into consideration our analysis of our actual historical investment returns to a broader long-term forecast adjusted based on our target investment allocation, and the current economic environment. Our investment guidelines target an investment portfolio allocation of 40.0% debt securities and 60.0% equity securities. As of December 31, 2010, the plan assets were allocated 42.0% debt, 56.0% equity securities, and 2.0% to other investments. We have used our target investment allocation to derive the expected return as we believe this allocation will be retained on an ongoing basis that will be commensurate with the projected cash flows of the plan. The expected return for each investment category within our target investment allocation is developed using average historical rates of return for each targeted investment category, considering the projected cash flow of the pension plan. The difference between this expected return and the actual return on plan assets is generally deferred and recognized over subsequent periods through future net periodic benefit costs. We believe these considerations provide the basis for reasonable assumptions with respect to the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets.
 
The rate of compensation increase is based on our long-term plans for such increases. The measurement date used to determine the benefit obligation and plan assets is December 31. The future benefit payments for the postretirement plan are net of the federal medical subsidy. As a result of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, the tax treatment of federal subsidies paid to sponsors of retiree health benefit plans that provide prescription drug benefits that are at least actuarially equivalent to the corresponding benefits provided under Medicare Part D was effectively changed. This legislative change reduces future tax benefits of the coverage we provided to participants in the Postretirement Plan. We are required to account for this change in the period during which the law is enacted. As a result, we recorded a non-cash tax charge to the provision for income taxes of $2.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2010.


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A one percent change in discount rate, future rate of return on plan assets and the rate of future compensation would have the following effects:
 
                                                                 
    Pension     Postretirement  
    1% Decrease     1% Increase     1% Decrease     1% Increase  
          Projected
          Projected
          Projected
          Projected
 
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
    Benefit
 
    Cost     Obligation     Cost     Obligation     Cost     Obligation     Cost     Obligation  
    (In thousands)  
 
Discount rate
  $ 2,410     $ 42,580     $ (1,913 )   $ (34,026 )   $ (106 )   $ 1,465     $ 95     $ (1,327 )
Expected return on asset
  $ 2,745     $     $ (2,745 )   $     $     $     $     $  
Rate of compensation
  $ (455 )   $ (2,226 )   $ 503     $ 2,440     $     $     $     $  
 
Income Taxes
 
In projecting future taxable income, we develop assumptions including the amount of future state, federal and foreign pretax operating income, the reversal of temporary differences, and the implementation of feasible and prudent tax planning strategies. These assumptions require significant judgment about the forecasts of future taxable income and are consistent with the plans and estimates we use to manage the underlying businesses. The calculation of our tax liabilities also involves dealing with uncertainties in the application and evolution of complex tax laws and regulations in other jurisdictions.
 
We follow ASC 740-10 guidance for accounting for income taxes, which addresses the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the financial statements. Under this interpretation, we may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. As a result of the implementation of this interpretation, we recognized an increase in the liability for unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $10.3 million, which was accounted for as an increase to the January 1, 2007 balance of retained earnings/(accumulated deficit).
 
We recognize and adjust our liabilities when our judgment changes as a result of the evaluation of new information not previously available. Due to the complexity of some of these uncertainties, the ultimate resolution may result in a payment that is materially different from our current estimate of the tax liabilities. These differences will be reflected as increases or decreases to income tax expense in the period in which they are determined.
 
As of December 31, 2010 we have federal and state income tax net operating loss carryforwards of $60.8 million, which will expire at various dates from 2011 through 2030. Such net operating loss carryforwards expire as follows:
 
         
    (In thousands)  
 
2011 - 2018
  $ 44,973  
2019 - 2023
    436  
2024 - 2030
    15,396  
         
    $ 60,805  
         
 
The significant majority of the state net operating loss carryforwards were generated by a subsidiary that employs our internal staff as a result of favorable tax deductions from the exercise of employee stock options for the years ended December 31, 2006 and 2005. This subsidiary’s state net operating loss carryforwards are expected to be fully utilized as the subsidiary generates sufficient taxable income to utilize losses.
 
We estimate unrecognized tax positions of $4.9 million that may be recognized by December 31, 2011, due to expiration of statutes of limitations and resolution of audits with taxing authorities, net of additional uncertain tax positions.


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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
For a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements, refer to Note 2(r) to the audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
We are exposed to market risk from fluctuations in interest rates. At December 31, 2010, we had borrowings outstanding under our syndicated revolving credit facility of $310.0 million, which bear interest at variable rates based on LIBOR plus 1.75%. A change in interest rates on this variable rate debt impacts our pre-tax income and cash flows, but does not impact the fair value of the instruments. Based on our overall interest rate exposure at December 31, 2010, a one percent change in interest rates would result in a change in annual pretax interest expense of approximately $3.1 million based on our current level of borrowings.
 
Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
The information required by this Item is set forth on pages 56 through 110 of this annual report on Form 10-K.
 
Item 9.   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.
 
Item 9A.   Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We are required to maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as that term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives.
 
Our management, with the participation of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this annual report on Form 10-K. Based upon the foregoing assessments, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of December 31, 2010, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting as of December 31, 2010 is set forth in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
Attestation Report of the Registered Public Accounting Firm.
 
The Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control Over Financial
Reporting as of December 31, 2010 is set forth in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary
Data.


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Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation of such internal control that occurred during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2010 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B.   Other Information
 
None.
 
PART III
 
Item 10.   Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
The information required to be furnished by this Item 10. is incorporated herein by reference to our Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders and Proxy Statement to be filed within 120 days of December 31, 2010 (the “Proxy Statement”).
 
Item 11.   Executive Compensation
 
The information required to be furnished by this Item 11. is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement.
 
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The information required to be furnished by this Item 12. is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement.
 
Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
 
The information required to be furnished by this Item 13. is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement.
 
Item 14.   Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
The information required to be furnished by this Item 14. is incorporated herein by reference to our Proxy Statement.
 
PART IV
 
Item 15.   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
  (a)  The following of documents are filed as part of this report.
 
  (1)  Financial Statements. See Index to Financial Statements and Schedules in Part II, Item 8. on this Form 10-K.
 
  (2)  Financial Statement Schedules. See Schedule II. Valuation and Qualifying Accounts and Reserves.
 
  (b)  Exhibits. See Index to Exhibits in this annual report on Form 10-K.


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Item 8.   Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Index to Consolidated Financial Statements and Schedules
 
         
Verisk Analytics, Inc. Consolidated Financial Statements as of December 31, 2010 and 2009 and for the Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008.
       
    57  
    58  
    59  
    60  
    61  
    62  
    63  
    65  
Financial Statements Schedule
       
    110  


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MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Because of its inherent limitations, a system of internal control over financial reporting can provide only reasonable assurance and may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that internal controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework set forth in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
Based on this assessment, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective at December 31, 2010.
 
Management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting at Crowe Paradis Services Corporation (“CP”) and 3E Company (“3E”), which were acquired on December 14, 2010 and December 16, 2010, respectively. The combined excluded financial statements of these two acquisitions constitute approximately 1.5% of total assets, less than 1.0% of total revenues, and less than 1.0% of net income included within our consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010. Due to the timing of the acquisitions, management did not assess the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting for CP and 3E.
 
Deloitte & Touche LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the consolidated financial statements included in this annual report on Form 10-K has also audited the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, as stated in their report which is included herein.


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Verisk Analytics, Inc.
Jersey City, New Jersey
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Verisk Analytics, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15. These financial statements and financial statement schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the financial statements and financial statement schedule based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Verisk Analytics, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2010, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also, in our opinion, such financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic consolidated financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.
 
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 28, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
Parsippany, New Jersey
February 28, 2011


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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM ON INTERNAL CONTROLS OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
 
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Verisk Analytics, Inc.
Jersey City, New Jersey
 
We have audited the internal control over financial reporting of Verisk Analytics, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2010, based on the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management excluded from its assessment the internal control over financial reporting at Crowe Paradis Services Corporation (“CP”) and 3E Company (“3E”), which were acquired on December 14, 2010 and December 16, 2010, respectively, and whose combined financial statements constitute approximately 1.5% of total assets, less than 1.0% of total revenues and less than 1.0% of net income of the consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010. Accordingly, our audit did not include the internal control over financial reporting at CP and 3E. The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the company’s board of directors, management, and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of the inherent limitations of internal control over financial reporting, including the possibility of collusion or improper management override of controls, material misstatements due to error or fraud may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Also, projections of any evaluation of the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting to future periods are subject to the risk that the controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2010, based on the criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
 
We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010 of the Company and our report dated February 28, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule.
 
/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP
Parsippany, New Jersey
February 28, 2011


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
 
 
                 
    2010     2009  
    (In thousands, except for share and per share data)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 54,974     $ 71,527  
Available-for-sale securities
    5,653       5,445  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,028 and $3,844, respectively (including amounts from related parties of $515 and $1,353) in 2010 and 2009, respectively(1)
    126,564       89,436  
Prepaid expenses
    17,791       16,155  
Deferred income taxes, net
    3,681       4,405  
Federal and foreign income taxes receivable
    15,783       16,721  
State and local income taxes receivable
    8,923        
Other current assets
    7,066       21,656  
                 
Total current assets
    240,435       225,345  
Noncurrent assets:
               
Fixed assets, net
    93,409       89,165  
Intangible assets, net
    200,229       108,526  
Goodwill
    632,668       490,829  
Deferred income taxes, net
    21,879       66,257  
State income taxes receivable
    1,773       6,536  
Other assets
    26,697       10,295  
                 
Total assets
  $ 1,217,090     $ 996,953  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 111,995     $ 101,401  
Acquisition related liabilities
    3,500        
Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
    437,717       66,660  
Pension and postretirement benefits, current
    4,663       5,284  
Fees received in advance (including amounts from related parties of $1,231 and $439, respectively)(1)
    163,007       125,520  
State and local income taxes payable
          1,414  
                 
Total current liabilities
    720,882       300,279  
Noncurrent liabilities:
               
Long-term debt
    401,826       527,509  
Pension benefits
    95,528       102,046  
Postretirement benefits
    23,083       25,108  
Other liabilities
    90,213       76,960  
                 
Total liabilities
    1,331,532       1,031,902  
Commitments and contingencies
               
Stockholders’ equity/(deficit):
               
Verisk Class A common stock, $.001 par value; 1,200,000,000 shares authorized; 150,179,126 and 125,815,600 shares issued and 143,067,924 and 125,815,600 outstanding as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    39       30  
Verisk Class B (Series 1) common stock, $.001 par value; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 198,327,962 and 205,637,925 shares issued and 12,225,480 and 27,118,975 outstanding as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    47       50  
Verisk Class B (Series 2) common stock, $.001 par value; 400,000,000 shares authorized; 193,665,008 and 205,637,925 shares issued and 14,771,340 and 27,118,975 outstanding as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    49       50  
Unearned KSOP contributions
    (988 )     (1,305 )
Additional paid-in capital
    754,708       652,573  
Treasury stock, at cost, 372,107,352 and 357,037,900 shares as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively
    (1,106,321 )     (683,994 )
Retained earnings
    293,827       51,275  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (55,803 )     (53,628 )
                 
Total stockholders’ deficit
    (114,442 )     (34,949 )
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
  $ 1,217,090     $ 996,953  
                 
 
 
(1) See Note 19. Related Parties for further information.
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except for share and per share data)  
 
Revenues (including amounts from related parties of $49,788, $60,192 and $90,227 for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively)(1)
  $ 1,138,343     $ 1,027,104     $ 893,550  
Expenses:
                       
Cost of revenues (exclusive of items shown separately below)
    463,473       491,294       386,897  
Selling, general and administrative
    166,374       162,604       131,239  
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets
    40,728       38,578       35,317  
Amortization of intangible assets
    27,398       32,621       29,555  
Acquisition related liabilities adjustment
    (544 )            
                         
Total expenses
    697,429       725,097       583,008  
                         
Operating income
    440,914       302,007       310,542  
Other income/(expense):
                       
Investment income
    305       195       2,184  
Realized gains/(losses) on securities, net
    95       (2,332 )     (2,511 )
Interest expense
    (34,664 )     (35,265 )     (31,316 )
                         
Total other expense, net
    (34,264 )     (37,402 )     (31,643 )
                         
Income before income taxes
    406,650       264,605       278,899  
Provision for income taxes
    (164,098 )     (137,991 )     (120,671 )
                         
Net income
    242,552       126,614       158,228  
                         
Basic net income per share of Class A and Class B(2):
  $ 1.36     $ 0.72     $ 0.87  
                         
Diluted net income per share of Class A and Class B(2):
  $ 1.30     $ 0.70     $ 0.83  
                         
Weighted average shares outstanding:
                       
Basic(2)
    177,733,503       174,767,795       182,885,700  
                         
Diluted(2)
    186,394,962       182,165,661       190,231,700  
                         
 
 
(1) See Note 19. Related Parties for further information.
 
(2) All share and per share data throughout this report has been adjusted to reflect a fifty-for-one stock split. See Note 1 for further information.
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
 
                                                                                         
    Common Stock Issued                             (Accumulated
    Accumulated
    Total
 
                Verisk
    Verisk
          Unearned
    Additional
          Deficit)/
    Other
    Stockholders’
 
    Verisk
    ISO
    Class B
    Class B
    Par
    KSOP
    Paid-in
    Treasury
    Retained
    Comprehensive
    (Deficit)/
 
    Class A     Class B     (Series 1)     (Series 2)     Value     Contributions     Capital     Stock     Earnings     Loss     Equity  
    (In thousands, except for share data)  
 
                                                                                         
Balance, January 1, 2008
          500,225,000                 $ 100     $     $     $ (678,993 )   $ (515,756 )   $ (8,699 )   $ (1,203,348 )
Comprehensive income:
                                                                                       
Net income
                                                    158,228             158,228  
Other comprehensive loss
                                                          (73,735 )     (73,735 )
                                                                                         
Comprehensive income
                                                                84,493  
Treasury stock acquired - ISO Class B common stock
                                              (5,001 )                 (5,001 )
Decrease in redemption value of ISO Class A common stock
                                                    114,033             114,033  
                                                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2008
          500,225,000                 $ 100     $     $     $ (683,994 )   $ (243,495 )   $ (82,434 )   $ (1,009,823 )
                                                                                         
Comprehensive income:
                                                                                       
Net income
                                                    126,614             126,614  
Other comprehensive income
                                                          28,806       28,806  
                                                                                         
Comprehensive income
                                                                155,420  
Increase in redemption value of ISO Class A common stock
                                                    (272,428 )           (272,428 )
Conversion of ISO Class B common stock upon corporate reorganization (Note 14)
    88,949,150       (500,225,000 )     205,637,925       205,637,925                                            
Conversion of ISO Class A redeemable common stock upon corporate reorganization (Note 14)
    34,768,750                         30       (1,305 )     624,282             440,584             1,063,591  
KSOP shares earned
                                        725                         725  
Stock options exercised (including tax benefit of $18,253)
    2,097,700                                     23,348                         23,348  
Stock based compensation
                                        4,218                         4,218  
                                                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2009
    125,815,600             205,637,925       205,637,925     $ 130     $ (1,305 )   $ 652,573     $ (683,994 )   $ 51,275     $ (53,628 )   $ (34,949 )
                                                                                         
Comprehensive income:
                                                                                       
Net income
                                                    242,552             242,552  
Other comprehensive loss
                                                          (2,175 )     (2,175 )
                                                                                         
Comprehensive income
                                                                240,377  
Conversion of Class B-1 common stock upon follow-on public offering (Note 1)
    7,309,963             (7,309,963 )                                                
Conversion of Class B-2 common stock upon follow-on public offering (Note 1)
    11,972,917                   (11,972,917 )                                          
Treasury stock acquired - Class A (7,111,202 shares)
                                              (212,512 )                 (212,512 )
Treasury stock acquired - Class B-1 (7,583,532 shares)
                                              (199,936 )                 (199,936 )
Treasury stock acquired - Class B-2 (374,718 shares)
                                              (9,879 )                 (9,879 )
KSOP shares earned
                                  317       11,256                         11,573  
Stock options exercised (including tax benefit of $49,015)
    5,579,135                         5             84,492                         84,497  
Net share settlement of taxes upon exercise of stock options
    (503,043 )                                   (15,051 )                       (15,051 )
Stock based compensation
                                        21,298                         21,298  
Other stock issuances
    4,554                                     140                         140  
                                                                                         
Balance, December 31, 2010
    150,179,126             198,327,962       193,665,008     $ 135     $ (988 )   $ 754,708     $ (1,106,321 )   $ 293,827     $ (55,803 )   $ (114,442 )
                                                                                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                       
Net income
  $ 242,552     $ 126,614     $ 158,228  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                       
Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets
    40,728       38,578       35,317  
Amortization of intangible assets
    27,398       32,621       29,555  
Amortization of debt issuance costs
    1,463       785        
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    648       916       1,536  
KSOP compensation expense
    11,573       76,065       22,274  
Acquisition related compensation expense
                300  
Stock-based compensation
    21,298       12,744       9,881  
Non-cash charges/(credits) associated with performance based appreciation awards
    789       4,039       (91 )
Interest income on notes receivable from stockholders
                (1,050 )
Proceeds from repayment of interest on notes receivable from stockholders
                2,318  
Acquisition related liabilities adjustment
    (544 )            
Realized (gains)/losses on securities, net
    (95 )     2,332       2,511  
Deferred income taxes
    10,294       12,190       19,895  
Other operating
    198       222       284  
Loss on disposal of assets
    239       810       1,082  
Non-cash charges associated with lease termination
          196        
Excess tax benefits from exercised stock options
    (49,015 )     (19,976 )     (26,099 )
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
                       
Accounts receivable
    (24,559 )     (1,990 )     3,609  
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    899       (1,839 )     (6,486 )
Federal and foreign income taxes
    50,232       13,662       5,969  
State and local income taxes
    (5,679 )     5,710       (5,977 )
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    4,340       2,986       3,075  
Acquisition related liabilities
          (300 )     (2,200 )
Fees received in advance
    20,984       10,460       (1,042 )
Other liabilities
    (17,711 )     9,576       (4,983 )
                         
Net cash provided by operating activities
    336,032       326,401       247,906  
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired of $10,524, $9,477 and $365, respectively
    (189,578 )     (61,350 )     (18,951 )
Purchase of noncontrolling interest in non-public companies
                (5,800 )
Earnout payments
          (78,100 )     (98,100 )
Proceeds from release of acquisition related escrows
    283       129       558  
Escrow funding associated with acquisitions
    (15,980 )     (7,636 )     (1,500 )
Purchases of available-for-sale securities
    (516 )     (575 )     (361 )
Proceeds from sales and maturities of available-for-sale securities
    743       886       21,724  
Purchases of fixed assets
    (38,641 )     (38,694 )     (30,652 )
Proceeds from repayment of notes receivable from stockholders
                3,863  
Issuance of notes receivable from stockholders
                (1,247 )
                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (243,689 )     (185,340 )     (130,466 )
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
For The Years Ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
          80,000       150,000  
Proceeds from issuance of short-term debt with original maturities of three months or greater
    215,000             114,000  
Proceeds/(repayments) of short-term debt, net
    35,000       (59,244 )     (35,287 )
Redemption of ISO Class A common stock
          (46,740 )     (387,561 )
Repurchase of ISO Class B common stock
                (5,001 )
Repurchase of Verisk Class A common stock
    (210,246 )            
Repurchase of Verisk Class B-1 common stock
    (199,936 )            
Repurchase of Verisk Class B-2 common stock
    (9,879 )            
Net share settlement of taxes upon exercise of stock options
    (15,051 )            
Repayment of current portion of long-term debt
          (100,000 )      
Payment of debt issuance cost
    (1,781 )     (4,510 )      
Excess tax benefits from exercised stock options
    49,015       19,976       26,099  
Proceeds from repayment of exercise price loans classified as a component of redeemable common stock
                29,482  
Proceeds from stock options exercised
    35,482       7,709       892  
Other financing
    (6,391 )            
                         
Net cash used in financing activities
    (108,787 )     (102,809 )     (107,376 )
Effect of exchange rate changes
    (109 )     90       (928 )
                         
(Decrease)/increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (16,553 )     38,342       9,136  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    71,527       33,185       24,049  
                         
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 54,974     $ 71,527     $ 33,185  
                         
Supplemental disclosures:
                       
Taxes paid
  $ 113,609     $ 111,458     $ 99,323  
                         
Interest paid
  $ 32,989     $ 34,201     $ 28,976  
                         
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
                       
Loans made to directors and officers in connection with the exercise of stock options
  $     $     $ (20,148 )
                         
Repurchase of Verisk Class A common stock included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 2,266     $     $  
                         
Redemption of ISO Class A common stock used to repay maturities of notes receivable from stockholders
  $     $     $ 42,202  
                         
Redemption of ISO Class A common stock used to fund the exercise of stock options
  $     $ 2,326     $ 4,281  
                         
Deferred tax liabilities established as a result of acquisitions
  $ (36,537 )   $ (5,728 )   $ (2,963 )
                         
Capital lease obligations
  $ 1,554     $ 3,659     $ 2,610  
                         
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
  $ 2,138     $ 1,388     $  
                         
Decrease in goodwill due to finalization of acquisition related liabilities
  $     $ (4,300 )   $  
                         
Increase in goodwill due to acquisition related escrow distributions
  $ 6,996     $ 181     $ 4,388  
                         
Increase in goodwill due to accrual of acquisition related liabilities
  $ 3,500     $     $ 82,400  
                         
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
(Amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data, unless otherwise stated)
 
1.   Organization:
 
Verisk Analytics, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (“Verisk” or the “Company”) enable risk-bearing businesses to better understand and manage their risks. The Company provides its customers proprietary data that, combined with analytic methods, create embedded decision support solutions. The Company is one of the largest aggregators and providers of data pertaining to property and casualty (“P&C”) insurance risks in the United States of America (“U.S.”). The Company offers solutions for detecting fraud in the U.S. P&C insurance, mortgage and healthcare industries and sophisticated methods to predict and quantify loss in diverse contexts ranging from natural catastrophes to health insurance. The Company provides solutions, including data, statistical models or tailored analytics, all designed to allow clients to make more logical decisions.
 
Verisk was established on May 23, 2008 to serve as the parent holding company of Insurance Services Office, Inc. (“ISO”) upon completion of the initial public offering (“IPO”). ISO was formed in 1971 as an advisory and rating organization for the P&C insurance industry to provide statistical and actuarial services, to develop insurance programs and to assist insurance companies in meeting state regulatory requirements. Over the past decade, the Company has broadened its data assets, entered new markets, placed a greater emphasis on analytics, and pursued strategic acquisitions. On October 6, 2009, ISO effected a corporate reorganization whereby the Class A and Class B common stock of ISO were exchanged by the current stockholders for the common stock of Verisk on a one-for-one basis. Verisk immediately thereafter effected a fifty-for-one stock split of its Class A and Class B common stock and equally sub-divided the Class B common stock into two new series of stock, Verisk Class B (Series 1) (“Class B-1”) and Verisk Class B (Series 2) (“Class B-2”). All share and per share information in the consolidated financial statements gives effect to the fifty-for-one stock split that occurred immediately after the reorganization.
 
On October 9, 2009, the Company completed its IPO. Upon completion of the IPO, the selling stockholders sold 97,995,750 shares of Class A common stock of Verisk, which included the 12,745,750 over-allotment option, at the IPO price of $22.00 per share. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sales of common stock in the offering. Verisk trades under the ticker symbol “VRSK” on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.
 
On October 1, 2010, the Company completed a follow-on public offering. Upon completion of this offering, the selling stockholders sold 2,602,212, 7,309,963 and 11,972,917 shares of Class A, Class B-1 and Class B-2 common stock of Verisk, respectively, at the public offering price of $27.25 per share. Class B-1 and Class B-2 common stock sold into this offering were automatically converted into Class A common stock. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sale of common stock in the offering. Concurrent with the closing of this offering, the Company also repurchased 7,254,407 and 45,593 shares of Class B-1 and Class B-2 common stock, respectively, at $26.3644 per share, which represents the net proceeds per share the selling stockholders received in the public offering. The Company funded a portion of this repurchase with proceeds from borrowings of $160,000 under its syndicated revolving credit facility. Class B-1 and Class B-2 shares will automatically convert to Class A common stock on April 6, 2011 and October 6, 2011, respectively.
 
2.   Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies:
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the basis of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The preparation of financial statements in conformity with these accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Significant estimates include acquisition purchase price allocations, the fair value of goodwill, the realization of deferred tax assets, acquisition related liabilities, fair value of stock based


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
compensation, liabilities for pension and postretirement benefits, fair value of the Company’s redeemable common stock, and the estimate for the allowance for doubtful accounts. Actual results may ultimately differ from those estimates. Significant accounting policies include the following:
 
  (a)  Intercompany Accounts and Transactions
 
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Verisk. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
 
  (b)  Revenue Recognition
 
The following describes the Company’s primary types of revenues and the applicable revenue recognition policies. The Company’s revenues are primarily derived from sales of services and revenue is recognized as services are performed and information is delivered to our customers. Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, fees and/or price is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenue is recognized net of applicable sales tax withholdings.
 
Industry-Standard Insurance Programs, Statistical Agent and Data Services and Actuarial Services
 
Industry-standard insurance programs, statistical agent and data services and actuarial services are sold to participating insurance company customers under annual agreements covering a calendar year where the price is determined at the inception of the agreement. In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605, Revenue Recognition, the Company recognizes revenue ratably over the term of these annual agreements, as services are performed and continuous access to information is provided over the entire term of the agreements.
 
Property-Specific Rating and Underwriting Information
 
The Company provides property-specific rating information through reports issued for specific commercial properties, for which revenue is recognized when the report is delivered to the customer, provided that all other revenue recognition criteria are met.
 
In addition, the Company provides hosting or software solutions that provide continuous access to information about the properties being insured and underwriting information in the form of standard policy forms to be used by customers. As the customer has a contractual right to take possession of the software without significant penalty, revenues from these arrangements are recognized ratably over the contract period from the time when the customer had access to the solution in accordance with ASC 985-605, Software Revenue Recognition (“ASC 985-605”). The Company recognizes software license revenue when the arrangement does not require significant production, customization or modification of the software and the following criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an agreement exists, delivery has occurred, fees are fixed or determinable, and collections are probable. These software arrangements include post-contract customer support (“PCS”). The Company recognizes software license revenue ratably over the duration of the annual license term as vendor specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) of PCS, the only remaining undelivered element, cannot be established in accordance with ASC 985-605.
 
Fraud Identification and Detection Solutions
 
Fraud identification and detection solutions are comprised of transaction-based fees recognized as information is delivered to customers, provided that all other revenue recognition criteria have been met.
 
Loss Prediction
 
Loss prediction solutions consist of term-based software licenses. These software arrangements include PCS, which includes unspecified upgrades on a when-and-if available basis.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Company recognizes software license revenue ratably over the duration of the annual license term as VSOE of PCS, the only remaining undelivered element, cannot be established in accordance with ASC 985-605.
 
The Company also provides software hosting arrangements to customers whereby the customer does not have the right to take possession of the software. As these arrangements include PCS throughout the hosting term, revenues from these multiple element arrangements are recognized in accordance with ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition Multiple Element Arrangements (“ASC 605-25”). The Company recognizes revenue ratably over the duration of the license term, which ranges from one to five years, since the contractual elements do not have stand alone value.
 
The Company services long-term contract arrangements with certain customers. For these arrangements, revenue is recognized in accordance with ASC 605-35, Revenue Recognition Construction Type and Certain Production-Type Contracts (“ASC 605-35”), using the percentage-of-completion method, which requires the use of estimates. In such instances, management is required to estimate the input measures, based on hours incurred to date compared to total estimated hours of the project, with consideration also given to output measures, such as contract milestones, when applicable. Adjustments to estimates are made in the period in which the facts requiring such revisions become known. Accordingly, recognized revenues and profits are subject to revisions as the contract progresses to completion. The Company considers the contract substantially complete when there is compliance with all performance specifications and there are no remaining costs or potential risk.
 
Loss Quantification
 
Loss quantification solutions consist of term-based software subscription licenses and revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC 985-605. These software arrangements include PCS, which includes unspecified upgrades on a when-and-if available basis. Customers are billed for access on a monthly basis and the Company recognizes revenue accordingly.
 
With respect to an insignificant percentage of revenues, the Company uses contract accounting, as required by ASC 985-605, when the arrangement with the customer includes significant customization, modification or production of software. For these elements, revenue is recognized in accordance with ASC 605-35, using the percentage-of-completion method as noted above.
 
  (c)  Fees Received in Advance
 
The Company invoices its customers in annual, quarterly, monthly, or milestone installments. Amounts billed and collected in advance of contract terms are recorded as “Fees received in advance” in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and are recognized as the services are performed and the applicable revenue recognition criteria are met.
 
  (d)  Fixed Assets and Finite-lived Intangible Assets
 
Property and equipment, internal-use software and finite-lived intangibles are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization, which are computed on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the useful life of the asset or the lease term.
 
The Company’s internal software development costs primarily relate to internal-use software. Such costs are capitalized in the application development stage in accordance with ASC 350-40, Internal-use Software. Software development costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over a three year period, which management believes represents the useful life of these capitalized costs.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
In accordance with ASC 360, Property, Plant & Equipment, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of long-lived assets and finite-lived intangible assets may not be recoverable, the Company reviews its long-lived assets and finite-lived intangible assets for impairment by first comparing the carrying value of the assets to the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. If the carrying value exceeds the sum of the assets’ undiscounted cash flows, the Company estimates an impairment loss by taking the difference between the carrying value and fair value of the assets.
 
  (e)  Capital and Operating Leases
 
The Company leases various property, plant and equipment. Leased property is accounted for under ASC 840, Leases (“ASC 840”). Accordingly, leased property that meets certain criteria is capitalized and the present value of the related lease payments is recorded as a liability. Amortization of assets accounted for as capital leases is computed utilizing the straight-line method over the shorter of the remaining lease term or the estimated useful life (principally 3 to 4 years for computer equipment and automobiles).
 
All other leases are accounted for as operating leases. Rent expense for operating leases, which may have rent escalation provisions or rent holidays, are recorded on a straight-line basis over the non-cancelable bases lease period in accordance with ASC 840. The initial lease term generally includes the build-out period, where no rent payments are typically due under the terms of the lease. The difference between rent expense and rent paid is recorded as deferred rent. Construction allowances received from landlords are recorded as a deferred rent credit and amortized to rent expense over the term of the lease.
 
  (f)  Investments
 
The Company’s investments at December 31, 2010 and 2009 includes registered investment companies and equity investments in non-public companies. The Company accounts for short-term investments in accordance with ASC 320, Investments-Debt and Equity Securities (“ASC 320”).
 
There are no investments classified as trading securities at December 31, 2010 or 2009. All investments with readily determinable market values are classified as available-for-sale. While these investments are not held with the specific intention to sell them, they may be sold to support the Company’s investment strategies. All available-for-sale investments are carried at fair value. The cost of all available-for-sale investments sold is based on the specific identification method, with the exception of mutual fund-based investments, which is based on the weighted average cost method. Dividend income is accrued on the ex-dividend date.
 
The Company performs periodic reviews of its investment portfolio when individual holdings have experienced a decline in fair value below their respective cost. The Company considers a number of factors in the evaluation of whether a decline in value is other-than-temporary including: (a) the financial condition and near term prospects of the issuer; (b) the Company’s ability and intent to retain the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for an anticipated recovery in value; and (c) the period and degree to which the market value has been below cost. Where the decline is deemed to be other-than-temporary, a charge is recorded to “Realized gains/(losses) on securities, net” in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations, and a new cost basis is established for the investment.
 
The Company’s equity investments in non-public companies are included in “Other assets” in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Those securities are carried at cost, as the Company owns less than 20% of the stock and does not otherwise have the ability to exercise significant influence. These securities are written down to their estimated realizable value when


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
management considers there is an other-than-temporary decline in value based on financial information received and the business prospects of the entity.
 
  (g)  Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820-10, Fair Value Measurements (“ASC 820-10”), which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value under U.S. GAAP and expands fair value measurement disclosures. The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820-10 for its financial assets and liabilities recognized or disclosed at fair value on a recurring basis. The Company follows the provisions of ASC 820-10 for its non-financial assets and liabilities recognized or disclosed at fair value.
 
  (h)  Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
 
Accounts receivable is generally recorded at the invoiced amount. The allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on an analysis of the aging of the accounts receivable, historical write-offs, customer payment patterns, individual customer creditworthiness, current economic trends, and/or establishment of specific reserves for customers in adverse financial condition. The Company reassesses the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts on a quarterly basis.
 
  (i)  Foreign Currency
 
The Company has determined local currencies are the functional currencies of the foreign operations. The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries are translated at the period-end rate of exchange and statement of operations items are translated at the average rates prevailing during the year. The resulting translation adjustment is recorded as a component of “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” in the accompanying consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ deficit.
 
  (j)  Stock Based Compensation
 
The Company follows ASC 718, Stock Compensation (“ASC 718”). Under ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the options granted, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. On January 1, 2005, the Company adopted ASC 718 using a prospective approach, as required under ASC 718. Under this application, the Company is required to record compensation expense for all awards granted after the date of adoption.
 
Prior to January 1, 2008, the expected term (estimated period of time outstanding) was estimated using the simplified method as defined in ASC 718, in which the expected term equals the average of graded vesting term and the contractual term. Subsequent to January 1, 2008, the expected term was primarily estimated based on studies of historical experience and projected exercise behavior. However, certain awards granted, for which no historical exercise patterns exist, the expected term was estimated using the simplified method. The risk-free interest rate is based on the yield of U.S. Treasury zero coupon securities with a maturity equal to the expected term of the equity award. Expected volatility for awards prior to January 1, 2008 was based on the Company’s historical volatility for a period equal to the stock option’s expected term, ending on the day of grant, and calculated on a quarterly basis for purposes of the ISO 401(k) Savings and Employee Stock Ownership Plan (“KSOP”). For awards granted after January 1, 2008, the volatility factor was based on an average of the historical stock prices of a group of the Company’s peers over the most recent period commensurate with the expected term of the stock option award. Prior to 2008, the expected dividend yield was not included in the fair value calculation as the Company did not pay dividends. For awards granted after January 1, 2008, the expected dividends yield was based on the Company’s expected annual dividend rate on the date of grant.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Company estimates expected forfeitures of equity awards at the date of grant and recognizes compensation expense only for those awards expected to vest. The forfeiture assumption is ultimately adjusted to the actual forfeiture rate. Changes in the forfeiture assumptions may impact the total amount of expense ultimately recognized over the requisite service period, and may impact the timing of expense recognized over the requisite service period.
 
  (k)  Research and Development Costs
 
Research and development costs, which primarily relate to the personnel and related overhead costs incurred in developing new services for our customers, are expensed as incurred. Such costs were $14,870, $14,109 and $11,054 for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and were included in “Selling, general and administrative” expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.
 
  (l)  Income Taxes
 
The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method under ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statements and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.
 
Deferred tax assets are recorded to the extent these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such determination, the Company considers all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and recent financial operations. Valuation allowances are recognized to reduce deferred tax assets if it is determined to be more likely than not that all or some of the potential deferred tax assets will not be realized.
 
The Company follows ASC 740-10, Income Taxes (“ASC 740-10”), which clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in the financial statements. ASC 740-10 provides that a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position may be recognized based on the technical merits when it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained upon examination, including resolutions of any related appeals or litigation processes. Income tax positions must meet a more likely than not recognition threshold at the effective date to be recognized upon the adoption of ASC 740-10 and in subsequent periods. This interpretation also provides guidance on measurement, derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.
 
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits within the income tax expense line in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. Accrued interest and penalties are included within “Other liabilities” on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
  (m)  Earnings Per Share
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share (“EPS”) are determined in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings per Share, which specifies the computation, presentation and disclosure requirements for EPS. Basic EPS excludes all dilutive common stock equivalents. It is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS, as calculated using the treasury stock method, reflects the potential dilution that would occur if the Company’s dilutive


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
outstanding stock options were exercised. For purposes of calculating EPS, Class A, Class B-1 and Class B-2 common shares are combined since all classes have identical rights to earnings.
 
  (n)  Pension and Postretirement Benefits
 
The Company accounts for its pension and postretirement benefits under ASC 715, Compensation — Retirement Benefits (“ASC 715”). ASC 715 requires the recognition of the funded status of a benefit plan in the balance sheet, the recognition in other comprehensive income of gains or losses and prior service costs or credits arising during the period, but which are not included as components of periodic benefit cost, and the measurement of defined benefit plan assets and obligations as of the balance sheet date. The Company utilizes a valuation date of December 31.
 
  (o)  Product Warranty Obligations
 
The Company provides warranty coverage for certain of its products. The Company recognizes a product warranty obligation when claims are probable and can be reasonably estimated. As of December 31, 2010 and 2009, product warranty obligations were not significant.
 
In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into numerous agreements that contain standard indemnities whereby the Company indemnifies another party for breaches of confidentiality, infringement of intellectual property or gross negligence. Such indemnifications are primarily granted under licensing of computer software. Most agreements contain provisions to limit the maximum potential amount of future payments that the Company could be required to make under these indemnifications, however, the Company is not able to develop an estimate of the maximum potential amount of future payments to be made under these indemnifications as the triggering events are not subject to predictability.
 
  (p)  Loss Contingencies
 
The Company accrues for costs relating to litigation, claims and other contingent matters when such liabilities become probable and reasonably estimable. Such estimates are based on management’s judgment. Actual amounts paid may differ from amounts estimated, and such differences will be charged to operations in the period in which the final determination of the liability is made.
 
  (q)  Goodwill
 
Goodwill represents the excess of acquisition costs over the fair value of tangible net assets and identifiable intangible assets of the businesses acquired. Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized. Intangible assets determined to have finite lives are amortized over their useful lives. Goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives are subject to impairment testing annually as of June 30 or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be fully recoverable. The Company completed the required annual impairment test as of June 30, 2010, which resulted in no impairment of goodwill in 2010. This test compares the carrying value of each reporting unit to its fair value. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds the carrying value of the net assets, including goodwill assigned to that reporting unit, goodwill is not impaired. If the carrying value of the reporting unit’s net assets, including goodwill, exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, then the Company will determine the implied fair value of the reporting unit’s goodwill. If the carrying value of a reporting unit’s goodwill exceeds its implied fair value, then an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the carrying amount and the implied fair value of the goodwill.
 
  (r)  Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In December 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2010-28, When to Perform Step 2 of the Goodwill Impairment Test for


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Reporting Units with Zero or Negative Carrying Amounts (“ASU No. 2010-28”). ASU No. 2010-28 modifies Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test for reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. For those reporting units, an entity is required to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test if it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists. In determining whether it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists, an entity should consider whether there are any adverse qualitative factors indicating that an impairment may exist. ASU No. 2010-28 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2010. Early adoption is not permitted. The adoption of ASU No. 2010-28 will not have any impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, and the Company will incorporate the provisions of this guidance as part of their Step 1 testing for goodwill impairment in 2011.
 
In April 2010, the FASB ASU No. 2010-17, Revenue Recognition — Milestone Method (“ASU No. 2010-17”). ASU No. 2010-17 provides guidance on defining a milestone and determining when it may be appropriate to apply the milestone method of revenue recognition for research or development transactions. ASU 2010-17 is effective on a prospective basis for milestones achieved in fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Based on the Company’s current agreements, ASU No. 2010-17 will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as the Company does not typically perform research or development transactions.
 
In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASU No. 2010-06”). ASU No. 2010-06 provides guidance on improving disclosures on fair value measurements, such as the transfers between Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 inputs and the disaggregated activity in the rollforward for Level 3 fair value measurements. ASU No. 2010-06 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for the disclosures about the disaggregated activity in the rollforward for Level 3 fair value measurements. Those disclosures are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal periods. The adoption of the portion of ASU No. 2010-06 that discusses the transfers between Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 inputs, effective January 1, 2010, did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As the Company currently disaggregates the activity in the rollforward for Level 3 fair value measurements, they do not expect ASU No. 2010-06 to have any impact on its consolidated financial statements.
 
In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-13, Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements (“ASU No. 2009-13”). ASU No. 2009-13 establishes the accounting and reporting guidance for arrangements under which the vendor will perform multiple revenue-generating activities. Specifically, ASU No. 2009-13 addresses how to separate deliverables and how to measure and allocate arrangement consideration to one or more units of accounting. ASU No. 2009-13 is effective prospectively for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified in fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has elected not to early adopt. ASU No. 2009-13 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as our Company’s multiple deliverables arrangements are comprised primarily of software licenses and services, rather than hardware. Currently, a majority of our deliverables do not have stand alone value, which would preclude the separation and allocation of the arrangement. Therefore, the Company will continue to recognize revenue over the duration of the license term.


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
3.   Concentration of Credit Risk:
 
Financial instruments that potentially expose the Company to credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, available for sale securities and accounts receivable, which are generally not collateralized. The Company maintains, in cash and cash equivalents, higher credit quality financial institutions in order to limit the amount of credit exposure. The total cash balances are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) to a maximum amount of $250 per bank at December 31, 2010 and 2009. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company had cash balances on deposit that exceeded the balance insured by the FDIC limit by approximately $35,514 and $54,339 with six banks, respectively. At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company also had cash on deposit with foreign banks of approximately $18,198 and $16,130, respectively.
 
The Company considers the concentration of credit risk associated with its trade accounts receivable to be commercially reasonable and believes that such concentration does not result in the significant risk of near-term severe adverse impacts. The Company’s top fifty customers represent approximately 45% of revenues, for all periods presented, with no individual customer accounting for more than 5%, 4% and 4% of revenues during the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. No individual customer comprised more than 10% of accounts receivable at December 31, 2010 or 2009.
 
4.   Cash and Cash Equivalents:
 
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash in banks, commercial paper, money-market funds, and other liquid instruments with original maturities of 90 days or less at the time of purchase.
 
5.   Accounts Receivable:
 
Accounts Receivable consists of the following at December 31:
 
                 
    2010     2009  
 
Billed receivables
  $ 122,874     $ 88,048  
Unbilled receivables
    7,718       5,232  
                 
Total receivables
    130,592       93,280  
Less allowance for doubtful accounts
    (4,028 )     (3,844 )
                 
Accounts receivable, net
  $ 126,564     $ 89,436  
                 
 
6.   Investments:
 
The following is a summary of available-for-sale securities:
 
                                 
          Gross
    Gross
       
    Adjusted
    Unrealized
    Unrealized
       
    Cost     Gains     Losses     Fair Value  
 
December 31, 2010
                               
Registered investment companies
  $ 4,398     $ 1,248     $     $ 5,646  
Equity securities
    14             (7 )     7  
                                 
Total available-for-sale securities
  $ 4,412     $ 1,248     $ (7 )   $ 5,653  
                                 
December 31, 2009
                               
Registered investment companies
  $ 4,530     $ 905     $     $ 5,435  
Equity securities
    14             (4 )     10  
                                 
Total available-for-sale securities
  $ 4,544     $ 905     $ (4 )   $ 5,445  
                                 


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
In addition to the available-for-sale securities above, the Company has equity investments in non-public companies in which the Company acquired non-controlling interests and for which no readily determinable market value exists. These securities were accounted for under the cost method in accordance with ASC 323-10-25, The Equity Method of Accounting for Investments in Common Stock (“ASC 323-10-25”). At December 31, 2010 and 2009, the carrying value of such securities was $3,642 and $3,841 for each period and has been included in “Other assets” in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
 
Realized gains/(losses) on securities, net, including write downs related to other-than-temporary impairments of available-for-sale securities and other assets, were as follows for the years ended December 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008:
 
                         
    2010     2009     2008  
 
Gross realized gains/(losses) on sale of registered investment securities
  $ 95     $ 66     $ (1,306 )
Other-than-temporary impairment of registered investment securities
          (386 )     (1,205 )
Other-than-temporary impairment of noncontrolling interest in non-public companies
          (2,012 )      
                         
Realized gains/(losses) on securities, net
  $ 95     $ (2,332 )   $ (2,511 )
                         
 
7.   Fair Value Measurements
 
Certain assets and liabilities of the Company are reported at fair value in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Such assets and liabilities include amounts for both financial and non-financial instruments. To increase consistency and comparability of assets and liabilities recorded at fair value, ASC 820-10 establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy to prioritize the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. ASC 820-10 requires disclosures detailing the extent to which companies’ measure assets and liabilities at fair value, the methods and assumptions used to measure fair value and the effect of fair value measurements on earnings. In accordance with ASC 820-10, the Company applied the following fair value hierarchy:
 
  Level 1 — Assets or liabilities for which the identical item is traded on an active exchange, such as publicly-traded instruments.
 
  Level 2 — Assets and liabilities valued based on observable market data for similar instruments.
 
  Level 3 — Assets or liabilities for which significant valuation assumptions are not readily observable in the market; instruments valued based on the best available data, some of which is internally-developed, and considers risk premiums that a market participant would require.
 
The following tables provide information for such assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2010 and 2009. The fair values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, acquisition related liabilities prior to the adoption of ASC 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), short-term debt, and short-term debt expected to be refinanced approximate their carrying amounts because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was estimated at $584,361 and $578,804 as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, and is based on an estimate of interest rates available to the Company for debt with similar features, the Company’s current credit


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VERISK ANALYTICS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
rating and spreads applicable to the Company. These assets and liabilities are not presented in the following table.
 
The following table summarizes fair value measurements by level at December 31, 2010 and 2009 for assets and other balances measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 
                                 
        Quoted Prices
  Significant
   
        in Active Markets
  Other
  Significant
        for Identical
  Observable
  Unobservable
    Total   Assets (Level 1)   Inputs (Level 2)   Inputs (Level 3)
 
December 31, 2010
                               
Cash equivalents – money-market funds
  $ 2,273     $     $ 2,273     $  
Registered investment companies(1)
  $ 5,646     $ 5,646     $     $  
Equity securities(1)
  $ 7     $ 7     $     $  
Contingent consideration under ASC 805(2)
  $ (3,337 )   $     $     $ (3,337 )
December 31, 2009